Page 1

Human waste collection system

Human waste collection system

Providing Basic needs in harsh envirnments Design research and proposal for a senior capstone project by Joshua Lindman

A final deliverable for IDES 431 Design Theory + Capstone Prep - Fall 2012 coordinated by Jason Lempieri and Jonas Milder

Industrial Design Program Š 2012 School for Design College of Art, Media, and Design University of the Arts 320 South Broad Street Philadelphia PA 19102

Table of Contents

Primary Research Women in the Consumer Market Companies like Nike was a male dominant field that, once was unsuccessful with marketing to women. After they hired Angela Blackston to design a watch line specifically, for women. They began by rethinking how they approached women in the consumer market. Blackston believes that “Women have a lot of buying power; research suggests they are influencing 80 per cent or more of purchases of products and services. Yet, the people who are executing the designs are 80 percent male.” Designs should be specifically tailored and made for women. She says the “Shrink it to pink it” approach does not work. She began her own company called femme Den.

Women and hygiene


Products Available

Personal Habits.


Cultural Traditions.


Menstrual Cycle. Failure to Wash.

Diva Cups


Toxic shock syndrom improper use of product failure to change every eight hours

Available Restrooms. Bacterial infections Failure to change Pad Tampons or Cup regularly.

Primary Research Women and hygiene How do we make the right decisions and buy the right products that are suitable for us, we are overwhelmed with the vast variety of available products in stores and cannot seem to make the a decision. Beauty maintenance and hygiene seem more like a chore because it’s become a boring routine. Products should be made to be functional and make women feel clean and healthy.




Image 1,2 and 3 source:

Primary Research

Problems with Current Products Sanitary Napkins are not only messy clean up but, is the cause of many skin problems. There is also a lack of affordable, quality sanitary pads in many countries. Since they are expensive, women avoid replacing them.



Primary Research Problems with Current Products Tampons although are small and portable can also irritated skin. Some women find it difficult and uncomfortable to use a tampon during the day. “The tampon makes one feel free and you don’t have to wear a yucky dipper around” (Amanda Scott.) The problem arises when the tampon is not changed every three hours, It can leak through creating a messy and unhygienic situation. If the tampon is left more than eight hours, the body can go into toxic shock. Toxic shock is a infection that intra-vaginal use enhances the bacterial growth.

Primary Research

Problems with Diva Cups The menstrual cup, helps your cycle to flow normally, they are made from either medical grade silicone or natural gum rubber it means there is no where for bacteria to multiply. Menstrual cups do not contain synthetics, chemicals, additives or bleaches which means no increased risk of infection or long-term health problems. Menstrual cups have never been associated with TSS or any other health problem. Many women also report lowered menstrual flow, bloating and painful cramps.


Secondary Research Inventions of hygiene products. Women have been using tampons since 1875BCE

This was the first Tampon invented by the ancient Egyptians It was made of papyrus. Papyrus is a thick paper-like material produced from the stem of a papyrus plant.

Ancient Greeks made it from lint wrapped around a small piece of wood. This method later was adapted by the Native Americans.

Secondary Research Before the menstraul pad was introduced rags were being used. The first commercially available American disposable napkins were Lister’s Towels created by Johnson & Johnson in 1896. The pad was made of cloth, wood pulp and other obtainable materials. Kotex’s first advertisement for products made with this wood pulp (Cellucotton) appeared in 1921. Disposable menstrual pads grew from Benjamin Franklin’s Invention of bandages that were designed to save soldiers with buckshot wounds.

Secondary Research The first Industrially produced Tampons The modern tampon was invented by DR. Earle Haas. It was the first tampon that could effectively be mass produced. The first tampon patent was on November 19th 1931. Dr Earle Haas, was born in 1888, he was an osteopathic physician and inventor and received his degree from the Kansas City College of Osteopathy in 1918. He was the person who created a tampon with an applicator that marketed as “Tampax�.

This photo was taken on December 14, 2008 using a Pentax K100D Super.

Tertiary Research After conducting several interviews and surveys i found that my product can be very beneficial for Military women. “Urinating in a field environment is such difficult, and dangerous task for women”. Undressing sufficiently to urinate without soiling her clothing and then redressing is time consuming. “When you are on a mission and on the go there is no designated area within the truck to do her business. Stoping during a convoy mission is dangerous and you put not only yourself at risk but, the entire convoy.” Specialist Navarro

Tertiary Research Soldiers with Creative solutions. Women can urinate into a coffee can, close the lid, and carry it to a latrine for disposal of the urine and rinsing, so the can may be re-used at a later time.

Women have used 1-gallon Ziplock bags for urine. They pre-pack their dry clothing and underwear in Ziplock bags for the deployment. As they use up their dry clothing, they have Ziplock bags left over.


Tertiary Research Most women I spoke with used the water bottle method, however this was no easy task. Trying to Aim our pee is not one of our many skills and along with the moving vehicle there are many other things one has to attend to. Imagine trying to drive a truck in a battlefield and no latrines are available so, you resort to using the bottle method and with the unpaved roads you run the risk of spillage. Laying off the water is not an option, it can dehydrate a soldier and due to the sleepless nights water is the main fuel the body runs on. “After several frustrated missions i learned that the wide mouth bottles are definitely the way to go.� SSG Batiste

Pee Poo

Pee Poo is made of high performance durable Bio-plastic. It not only disintegrates but also breaks the molecules down into carbon-dioxide, water and biomass. Within the span of two to four weeks the feces and urine will decompose and be a nitrogen fertilizer. Created by Peepoople AB

Tertiary Research

The colostomy bag is designed to stick onto your abdomen where it collects the feces and flatus from your stomach. The colostomy bag is available in plastic, fabric and rubber.

Go Girl

Plastic funnels is slipped inside the pants and underwear and held tightly against the vulva. Released urine is caught by the funnel and drains out the spout. It is a short grain, may not clear the BDU clothing. This requires vigilance to avoid wetting the clothing.

Project Statement When operating in the field, wearing full BDUs it is timeconsuming, difficult, and exposing to undress sufficiently remove clothing to urinate and defecate. The bathroom is a basic necessity and its unfortunate that soldiers on missions don’t have access to this basic need. The uniform itself doesn’t aid in this situation. I hope that my design will not just address but solve this problem. For this Project i would like to restructure the army combat uniform and have easy access to a disposable bag or container that can decompose.

Project Stratergy The Army Combat Uniforms are made of 50% nylon and 50% cotton. The cost to each soldier is $120 per uniform, compared to $58 for a BDU.

Redesigning the uniform to create easy access

Project Stratergy The Army Combat Uniformss are made of 50% nylon and 50% cotton. The cost to each soldier is $120 per uniform, compared to $58 for a BDU.

Redesigning the uniform to create easy access

This product will be made of a biodegradable plastic, that is rigid yet, flexible enough to be flat packed and integrated within the uniform itself and can be replaced.

SWOT Analysis

I have to work on making my graphs and data more visually appealing so, that the information is comprehensible to all audiences. I also need to dive right into material exploration, and the technical details like the fabrication? How long can it be worn for? And how is made and disposed of? I think I have established a need, however I need to understand and establish how I am going to present this to my audience and understand my users a lot more. I need to interview people effectively and not be afraid to ask the uncomfortable questions.

Timeline December January

Febuary March


1. On the road, sharing the cab differing genders may need privacy (verify that.) 2. The uniform may inhibit access to any solution you derive. (you may have to start there) 3. Urination capture. 4. Fecal capture 5. Menstruation issues. The latter is certainly an arena not many have addressed. You need to verify that. Over the winter break we would like you to find the right liaisons to acquire permissions and buy-in. Sell your critique to logistics personnel. Move up the chain of command until you find the right people that will support your direction. Number 5 is solid direction that could take care

Women in the consumer Market "University of the Arts Libraries /All Locations." University of the Arts Libraries /All Locations. N.p., Sept. 2012. Web. Apr.-May 2010.

Profile for Nikita Parikh

Human waste collection system  

Senior Capstone

Human waste collection system  

Senior Capstone

Profile for nparikh26