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REPORT ON THE ANTI-HUMAN TRAFFICKING WORKSHOP AT HALDWANI, UTTARAKHAND HELD ON THE 18TH OF AUGUST 2013

94, Race Course, Near State Bank Of India, Bannu Inter College ,Dehradun www.empowerpeople.org.in

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

S.NO.

TOPIC

PAGE NO.

1.

PROLOGUE TO THE WORKSHOP

3-4

-

2.

Purpose of the Workshop

SESSIONS

5-9

2.1 By Dr Veena Krishnan, Clinical Psychologist 2.2 By Mr. Anurag Bisaria, Adovocate, Uttarakhand High Court 2.3 By Mr. Gyanendra Kumar, CO-DIRECTOR., Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter

3.

Closing Ceremony

10

4.

Feedback Form Analysis

11-12

5.

Annexure A - Sample Feedback Form

13

6.

Annexure B – Banners at the workshop

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PROLOGUE TO THE WORKSHOP “Gender equality is more than a goal itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.” -Kofi Annan Empower People is a registered NGO since 2006 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.The NGO has had immense work experience in the field of human trafficking and honour crimes. The organization is spread over eight States of India and is gradually taking the form and shape of a grass root social movement. Having now taken up the responsibility of Uttarakhand, we have conducted several workshops on Human Trafficking for the police personnel’s and we have given it the name -Cool Police Campaign. The Cool Police Campaign had to be stopped due to the disaster in Uttarakhand. It has been once again been revived by Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter and the same was done at Haldwani, Nainital district on the 18th of August 2013. DIG, G.N. Goswami, S.S.P Dr. Sadanand Datte, S.P. City Amit Srivastav were present for the workshop.

We at Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter strongly believe that Human Trafficking is a growing menace which requires immediate attention of the enforcement agency in the State. Mr. Gyanendra Kumar CO-DIRECTOR, Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter strongly believes that this problem can only be tackled if the Police also develops a strong network because Human Trafficking is a strong network based crime.

PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP

Create awareness amongst the Police personnel’s about the various elements, stages involved in Human Trafficking.

To give information about the vulnerable areas in the State that would help the Police to look at the weak areas with a different perspective in order to curb the menace.

To impart legal information about Human Trafficking, i.e., the new Amendments brought about in IPC, CrPC. In particular the new Section added in Indian Penal Code, Section 370A which specifically deals with the said crime. 3


To help the Police personnel’s identify the mistakes made while making the case and the steps that could be taken to make the case stronger in the court.

To sensitize the Police personnel’s towards the victims of Human Trafficking.

Through activities make them aware about the importance working together and building a strong network.

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SESSIONS The Cool Police Campaign by Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter in Bageshwar on the 18th of August 2013 at Sushila Tiwari Medical College, Haldwani. The Program commenced from 11:00 AM. It was started on an auspicious note with D.I.G G.N. Goswami lighting the lamp. Our expert panel comprised of Mr. Gyanendra Kumar, CO-DIRECTOR., Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter, Dr. Veena Krishnan, Clinical Psychologist and Mr. Anurag Bisaria, Advocate, Uttarakhand High Court. Ms. Priya Raturi invited D.I.G., G.N. Goswami on the podium to share his thoughts. D.I.G., G.N. Goswami shared his opinion on Human Trafficking and added that the schedule planned for the day would be very beneficial for all present and the expert panel are experienced and are covering every topic related to Human Trafficking. SP Dr. Sadanand Datte, I.P.S., laid stress on everyone working hand in hand. Mr.

Gyanendra

Kumar,

CO-DIRECTOR.

Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter introduced the organization and the work done by Empower People. Ms. Priya Raturi, State Coordinator then went on to invite the first speaker for the day.

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1. DR. VEENA KRISHNAN, Clinical Psychologist Dr. Veena started the session by asking everyone to introduce one self and what they were expecting from the workshop. The responses that she got were that they wanted to learn about Human Trafficking, the legal aspects so as to protect the women and children and in turn stop the crime. There was a unanimous voice about learning how to handle Human Trafficking cases in a better way and how they could control the crime. Dr. Veena, with the help of a power point presentation explained what is trafficking and how women and children are sold several times for money. This led to another activity. Activity: This was the blind fold activity. It took about fifteen minutes, and everyone was back in the hall. The blindfolded police personnel’s were asked how they felt that they made someone else incharge for their safety. They said that they were apprehensive and were stumbling; they couldn’t have done it without a guide. One police officer shared that it was dark and he was confused. He was scared to fall and get hurt. It was only after sometime that he trusted his guide and felt comfortable. The Police personnel’s who were guiding were asked to share their experience and they said that they felt good that they were giving support. The aim of this activity was to make them understand the mental state of a victim because she is also like a blind folded person, scared and clueless. Dr. Veena went on to explain the audience about forms of human trafficking, difference between migrations and smuggling, trafficking and prostitution. Everyone was asked whether they sympathize with a victim of Commercial Sexual Exploitation. One lady constable said that she encountered a case where a married woman who had four children left her family and was now a prostitute, when asked why she was there, she said she has come with her own wish. With this Dr. Krishnan cleared the concept of consent and how it’s inconsequential. The Police personnel’s were 6


asked what makes people vulnerable to being trafficked. The responses were – Poverty, illiteracy, Domestic Violence, deception, high aspirations, poor law enforcement, natural disasters etc. One person shared their thoughts that In Uttarakhand there is a lot of poverty and men go to cities for work and the woman with her child are left alone in the village. In such a scenario the woman becomes extremely vulnerable and the chances of someone taking advantage increases. With the help of examples, activities Dr Veena told the audience to change their thinking. Activity: Dr. Veena asked everyone to take one paper and close their eyes. She gave them a set of instructions to tear the page in four particular ways. After that when everyone was made to see their paper, everyone had a different design. The same set of instructions was given to everyone but the mind comprehended it differently. The session was concluded by Dr. Veena Krishnan by urging for each present to be the change maker, to do more and better work

2. MR. ANURAG BISARIA, Advocate, Uttarakhand High Court Mr. Anurag started the session by telling that Human Trafficking is a problem which is societal, psychological and legal. To curb the same we all need to do out bit. He gave a brief history about the legislations that have been in India with respect to Human Trafficking. His main focus was on the 2013 Amendments in particular Section 370 A, Indian Penal Code. It’s a new Section developed in particular for Human Trafficking. The Section was explained word by word for a better understanding. Mr. Bisaria laid stress on applying the right section for the case while making the chargesheet. He said, “Confine your case to one section rather than applying too many. Additional sections don’t help the matter much.” 7


3. MR. GYANENDRA KUMAR, CO-DIRECTOR., Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter Mr Gyanendra started with giving information about Nainital district and the areas sensitive to Human Trafficking. He laid ample stress on the fact that Human Trafficking is a crime with an organized network and to curb the same, the police needs to build a stronger network and for that they will have to take the village chowkidar, ASHA workers, school teachers, the candidate who lost Panchayat elections etc., in their confidence. He explained different ways of trafficking, namely, child trafficking, organ trafficking, beggary, bride trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation. •

Child Trafficking is done for beggary, slavery, bonded labour, adoption. Mr. Gyanendra gave a new perspective to the whole situation where he told the police to pay attention to incidents where a Leopard kills a child and the body or any other remains are not found. He revealed that 70% of the time the body is not found. He urged them to think from this perspective too. The other new angle that made everyone think was the increase in number of adoption centers in National Capital Region. For a better understanding to the problem, the same was explained stage wise – 1. Carrier – The carrier in this are the parents or relatives. They themselves sell their children for monetary gain. 2. Medium – In child trafficking for adoption, the ward boys or any other hospital staff contact the parents. 3. Booker – The bookers are various adoption centers. 4. Trafficker – Childless couples in India and abroad. In all of this Uttarakhand is a source station from where children are taken away and Uttarakhand Police must lay stress on prevention than rescue operations.

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• Bride Trafficking is a growing menace in which girls are taken from Uttarkhand to States like Haryana. On the name of marriage they are taken from Uttarakhand and exploited in the name of archaic customs like niyog, kareva and evil practices like paro. The girls are sexually, physically abused. The police needs to prevent this by taking verifications from the people coming as a part of marriage procession.

•

Organ Trafficking – Uttarakhand is being used as a transit point, source station and there is also a corridor in the State. The police has to be vigilant by checking roadways buses carefully and if they are suspicious of someone then to just ask the person to lift his shirt, there will be a cut on the stomach in case of organ sale. Mr. Gyanendra concluded the session by once again telling that Uttarakhand is a source station and a destination for only beggary in Haridwar. To build a strong network to stop Human Trafficking.

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CLOSING CEREMONY After completion of all the sessions, Ms. Priya Raturi, State Coordinator thanked everyone for their participation and requested SSP City Amit Srivastav to give her remarks on the workshop. SSP City Amit Srivastav thanked Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter for the workshop. He was glad that the police personnel’s present could learn about what trafficking is, how trafficking happens, the changes made in IPC, CrPC. He also shared the problems faced by the police and said that the aim of the workshop was to change mindsets. He added that right now there is no sharing of responsibilities right now, this should change and various stakeholders should fight together against this problem. After the closing remarks, a short documentary “One life no price” was shown to all.

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FEEDBACK FORM ANALYSIS The workshop was attended by 35 police personnel’s, they were all given a feedback form and asked to fill up the same by the end of the workshop. A sample of the form is attached as Annexure A. The compiled responses in the feedback form are as follows 1. Anti-human trafficking workshops should be conducted at village level to sensitize people living in the sensitive areas of human trafficking. 2. This kind of workshop should be conducted in regular time period. Documentary, presentation and various activities are good ways to understand the topic. 3. Child helpline number is doing good work at village and urban areas, similarly toll free women helpline number must be introduced at village and panchayat level. 4. Advertising and publicity through street plays, documentaries would definitely work to make people aware. 5. Government should introduce better facilities for child care center and provide more power to the police to work against trafficking. 6. To stop human trafficking government should work with the help of NGO’s by conducting awareness programs in villages. 7. Human trafficking in women and children is spreading in Uttarakhand villages as there are less opportunities and more poverty. We can stop this crime by making everyone aware through different means. Employment ought to be provided to women in villages and education is a good medium to stop human trafficking. 8. NGO’s plays an important role and we really want NGO’s to help us to find the networks and information about traffickers. 9. To stop human trafficking state government with the help of NGO’s form a network to get in touch with traffickers. Newspapers, radio and television are a vast medium to connect with people in villages, and also deliver our message through these mediums. 10. Human trafficking workshop should be conducted from time to time to meet the goals, and to create mutual understanding. 11. Education and employment can to stop this crime to a great extent. 12. We got to know that parents are suffering from financial crisis and are not able to get their daughter married in a good family, they sell their daughters. 11


13. Sensitization workshop teaches us to move beyond the boundaries, Traffickers are in our State and it’s our skill and planning to catch them. Police need to get more information to catch them and for that purpose small groups can be forms in village levels. 14. Women helpline number should be there to help girls and women. 15. When public wants justice, they turn towards us. We are the hope giver and we have to work against human trafficking. 16. Activities done by physiotherapist and case study, law and amendments are really beneficial for us to understand the psychology of victim and network of trafficker’s. 17. Amendments and procedure to file a case against traffickers was really good. Police personnel’s must know the laws and their latest amendments

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ANNEXURE A SAMPLE FEEDBACK FORM

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ANNEXURE B

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