Staff 2014 Directors Dave Crowl Chairman, Public Director Since 2006
Judy Becker District Manager
Shirley Snyder Administrative Assistant
Vice‐Chairman, Farmer Director Since 2000
Richard Shoch Commissioner Director Since 2012
John Kopp Farmer Director Since 2004
Michael Erdley Public Director Since 2008
Richard Daniels Farmer Director Since 2012
Gary Truckenmiller Farmer Director Since 2013
Front row l. to r.: Nathan Brophy, Michael McCleary; Second row l. to r.: Jaci Harner; Judy Becker, Shirley Snyder
Michael McCleary Erosion and Sediment Technician
Nathan Brophy Agricultural Conservation Technician
2014 Associate Directors Dave Swank Retired Well Driller Since 1976
Dr. Blair Carbaugh Retired Professor, Lockhaven University Former NCCD Board Member Since 2006
Albert Mabus Manager of Geology/Environment, Eastern Industries, Inc. Former NCCD Board Member Since 2008
Ted Carodiskey Little Shamokin Creek Watershed Association, Secretary Since 2010
John Pfleegor Farmer Former NCCD Board Member Since 2013
EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL PROGRAM The NCCD administers the Chapter 102 Erosion Control program through a signed delegation agreement with the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Under Chapter 102 delegation, NCCD conducts the following program responsibilities:
Technical Plan Reviews Site Inspections Complaint Investigations Information & Education
The Erosion and Sediment Technician reviews and approves Erosion and Sediment Control Plans for earthmoving sites. Inspections of sites are conducted to assure the plans are properly implemented. In conjunction with the Erosion and Sediment program is the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Program. This program requires any earthmoving activities disturbing greater than 1 acre over the life of the project to obtain a permit. Under the requirements of the NPDES program, these activities must have an erosion control plan submitted to the District for review. Permits are not issued until the plan is in compliance with Chapter 102, Title 25 Rules and Regulations of the Clean Streams Law. In addition, projects with less than one acre of disturbance may require District review to meet municipal, state, or federal requirements. NPDES Permit Applications: 22
E&S Plan Submittals:
On March 27, 2014, a consultant’s workshop was held at the Country Cupboard in Lewisburg. The workshop was a joint effort between Columbia, Lycoming, Montour, Northumberland, Snyder, and Union counties. The workshop was a success with over 100 attendees. Presentations were made by Paul Dembowski, Dean Auchenbach, and George Grose of DEP, as well as Marel Raub of the Chesapeake Bay Commission and Conservation District staff. PDH certificates were made available for attendees. The meeting was made possible by Gold sponsor KW Enterprises, LLC; Silver sponsor Print‐O‐Stat, Inc.; and Bronze sponsors ACF Environmental and East Coast Erosion Control.
DAM SAFETY AND WATERWAY MANAGEMENT The NCCD is under a delegation agreement with the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to administer the Chapter 105 Dam Safety and Waterway Management program. Chapter 105 in Title 25 of the PA Code contains the permit guidelines for regulating work in or near streams. These regulations are STATE regulations. There are other rules and regulations that are enforced either locally through municipalities and/or by the federal government. Chapter 105 Permit Applications Acknowledged in 2014: GP‐01 Fish Habitat Enhancement Structures
GP‐02 Small Docks & Boat Launching Ramps
GP‐03 Bank Rehabilitation, Bank Protection & Gravel Bar Removal
GP‐04 Intake and Outfall Structures
GP‐05 Utility Line Stream Crossings
GP‐06 Agricultural Crossings and Ramps
GP‐07 Minor Road Crossings
GP‐08 Temporary Road Crossings
GP‐09 Agricultural Activities
DIRT AND GRAVEL/LOW VOLUME ROADS
The Dirt and Gravel Road program is designed to fund environmentally sound maintenance of unpaved roadways that have been identified as sources of sediment pollution. Signed into law in April 1997 as Section 9106 of the PA Vehicle Code, the State Conservation Commission allocates Dirt & Gravel Roads Maintenance Funds to County Conservation Districts. The funds are available to local municipalities that maintain dirt and gravel roads. Someone from the applying entity must have completed the Environmentally Sensitive Maintenance Training, a two‐day course that includes modules on drainage, road maintenance techniques, erosion prevention and sediment control, bank stabilization, roadside vegetation management, and grant procedures. With the passage of the SB 1 (the Transportation Bill) in late 2013, the Conservation District spent a great deal of time working on updating their policies and preparing for the new portion of the program including Low Volume roads. During the summer of 2014, we held a number of sessions in our office for municipalities to answer any questions they may have regarding the updated program. We look forward to working with municipalities in 2015 on projects that meet the criteria of the updated program.
NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT NCCD, under a delegation agreement with the State Conservation Commission, administers the Pennsylvania Nutrient Management Program, Act 38 (formerly Act 6 of 1993), in Northumberland County. Under Act 38, Concentrated Animal Operations (CAOs) are required to develop and implement a Nutrient Management Plan. CAOs are defined as agricultural operations where the animal density exceeds 2 animal equivalent units (AEUs) per acre of land suitable for manure application on an annualized basis. An AEU is defined as 1,000 pounds of live animal weight and includes all livestock, whether for production, transportation, or recreation. Land suitable for manure application includes cropland, hayland, or pastureland (owned or rented) that is, or will be, available for the application of manure from the operation. Farmstead and forestland cannot be included in the acres suitable for manure application. Agricultural operations having less than 8 animal equivalent units are not classified as CAOs, regardless of animal density. During 2014, NCCD approved 6 nutrient management plans.
CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
The District received a Growing Greener grant totaling $356,000 for two barnyard improvement projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. These farms were the Brosious farm and the Schwalm farm. The Kevin and Jill Brosious farm is a dairy that milks 40‐45 head of cows. DEP installed approximately 7,000 feet of stream bank fencing in 2004. The operators recognized the farm had several important environmental concerns and wanted to correct these issues to gain agricultural compliance. All milkhouse waste and any silage leachate were directly discharged into the stream. In addition, the dairy and heifer cow exercise lots were completely void of any vegetation and had no manure collection system. Through Growing Greener, the NCCD implemented a roofed concrete barnyard with manure storage, roof Brosious Farm – Roofed Concrete Barnyard gutters and downspouts to prevent clean water from contacting manure and a collection tank with manifold pipe system to discharge all milkhouse waste and any silage leachate in the designated vegetated area.
CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM The Mike and Janet Schwalm farm is a livestock transport operation that raises approximately 500 head of beef each year. The location of concern pastures 90‐100 steers at a time. The feeding area became worn down and created a bare, unvegetated animal concentration area with no manure collection system. Also, the cattle had unlimited access to the stream that ran through the pasture. These combined problems contributed excess nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment to the stream, an UNT to Fiddlers Run. The tributary shows signs of excessive aquatic plant growth due to an overabundance of nutrients. Through Growing Greener, the NCCD installed a roofed concrete barnyard with manure storage, roof gutters and downspouts to prevent clean water from contacting manure and installed a watering system. The producers contributed by fencing out the stream and installing crossings to limit access to the tributary.
AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION
The NCCD coordinates the activities involved in the Agriculture Land Preservation Program for the county on behalf of the Northumberland County Agricultural Land Preservation Board. Applications are received during open application rounds, which are advertised. A $100 fee is required with applications. Applications are ranked using a two‐part Land Evaluation and Site Assessment (LESA). The LESA looks at the quality of soils/site assessment, and considers local factors that may have an impact on the current or future viability of a farm. Once the farms are ranked and the funding is provided from the State, the land development rights are purchased from the highest‐ranking farms. The total number of farm easements purchased to date in the county is 18, totaling 2,147 acres. In 2014, after open enrollment was held to accept new applications, we have 55 farms on our waiting list totaling 6,335 acres. Two additional farms will be purchased in 2015.
WATERSHED PROTECTION The Conservation District supports watershed association development and projects with organizational and technical assistance provided by the Watershed Specialist. Watershed Associations invite members of a community to work together to solve or repair complex issues within their waterways and watersheds. Currently there are six active watershed associations in Northumberland County. They are:
Shamokin Creek Restoration Alliance Little Shamokin Creek Watershed Association Chillisquaque Limestone Watershed Association Roaring Creek Valley Conservation Association Tri‐Valley Watershed Association Mahanoy Creek Watershed Association
Since 2007, the Northumberland County Conservation District has worked with Northcentral PA Conservancy, DEP, and PA Fish and Boat Commission to implement stream bank restoration projects. On April 22, 2014, Northumberland County Conservation District received the Governor's Award for Environmental Excellence, along with Northcentral PA Conservancy, Montour, Tioga, and Union County Conservation Districts, DEP, and PA Fish and Boat Commission's Division of Habitat Management for this partnership involving the installation of fish habitat structures to stabilize local streams and Agricultural Best Management Practices such as walkways and fencing. The project addressed over 20,000 feet of 303(d) impaired streams by installing over 6,400 feet of stream bank fencing, 5 animal walkways, 21 animal/equipment crossings, over 1 acre of riparian buffer plantings, and 151 in‐stream structures. Pictured, left to right: Jaci Harner, Todd Deroba (Northumberland County CD), Shanon Stamm (Union County CD), Dave Keller (PA Fish and Boat), Jason Fellon (DEP), and Renee Carey (Northcentral PA Conservancy). Not pictured are Sean Levan (Montour County CD) and Lori Maloney (Tioga County CD).
In 2014, the District had a number of projects through the same partnership, which are featured over the next several pages. We look forward to continuing this great partnership in the years to come!
WATERSHED PROTECTION Bill Stein Property Warrior Run Funded by Northcentral PA Conservancy through a Growing Greener Grant, with cooperation from the PA Fish and Boat Commission, and DEP. Installed 2 toe logs, 8 multi‐log vane deflectors, 1 stone deflector, 85’ mudsill crib, 70’ mudsill crib, 2 rock vanes. The total project worth was $23,698.26.
Multi‐log vane deflectors on Bill Stein property
Modified mudsill crib on Bill Stein property
Modified mudsill crib on Bill Stein property (cont.)
Debris jam removal and toe log installation‐ the existing live willow tree was removed from the stream channel and secured as a toe log to stabilize the eroding stream bank and provide immediate vegetative growth on the Stein property
WATERSHED PROTECTION Stream bank stabilization using willow tree (cont.)
WATERSHED PROTECTION Scott and Pam Henderson Property Little Shamokin Creek Funded by Northcentral PA Conservancy through a Growing Greener Grant, with cooperation from the PA Fish and Boat Commission, DEP, and the Little Shamokin Creek Watershed Association. Installed 1 multi‐log vane deflector, 1 rock vane, 40 pieces of landscape rock, 1 root wad. The total project worth was $6,203.60.
Rock deflectors and regraded banks save a pond structure on the Henderson property.
Modified mudsill crib on Comfort property.
Earl Comfort Property Little Shamokin Creek Funded by Northcentral PA Conservancy through a Growing Greener Grant, with cooperation from the PA Fish and Boat Commission, DEP, and the Little Shamokin Creek Watershed Association. Installed 1 multi‐ log vane deflector, 80’ mudsill crib. The total project worth was $6,026.54.
WATERSHED PROTECTION Steve Fisher Property (maintenance to previous project) Warrior Run Funded by Northcentral PA Conservancy through a Growing Greener Grant, with cooperation from the PA Fish and Boat Commission, and DEP. Installed 60 pieces of landscape rock to stabilize stream bank. The total project worth was $5,349.39.
Project maintenance to a modified mudsill crib on the Fisher property, installed landscape rock for greater bank protection.
WATERSHED PROTECTION Northumberland County Bridge Project on Sheep Lane Road Schwaben Creek Funded by Northcentral PA Conservancy through a Growing Greener Grant, with cooperation from the PA Fish and Boat Commission, and DEP. Installed 8 multi‐log vane deflectors. The total project worth was $3,880.00. Also planted 63 shrubs and trees at the Randy Kramm farm; worth $2,929.37, and 47 shrubs and trees at the St. Joes’ Picnic Pavilion; worth $2,059.53. Agri‐Drain Water Flow Control Unit Installation Shamokin Creek – Site 15 Funded by a private foundation, this unit was for an existing passive AMD treatment system installed in 2006. The project was worth $3,875.00. Installation of Flow Control Box
MEETINGS/OUTREACH 2nd Annual CD Forum – March 4, 2014. This annual event provided 3 breakouts for farmers, municipalities, and contractors. Topics included Forest Invaders ID and Control, Pesticide Hazards and First Aid, Soil Health, About Conservation Easements, Pest Management, Act 167 Plan Update, Dirt and Gravel Roads Funding, Round Table Discussion on Road Issues, Grant Writing, Why Construction BMPs Matter, and NPDES Updates and Road Maintenance. 13 vendors provided sponsorships to help fund the program and were on hand to speak to attendees. Vendors present included Crop Production Services of Bloomsburg, Channel Seed/Pine Hurt Acres of Danville, DuPont Pioneer, Exeter Supply Co., Inc., Sunbury Motors, Hoover Tractor of Mifflinburg, KW Enterprises, LLC of Milton, LB Water of Selinsgrove, Rovendale Ag of Watsontown, Susquehanna Bank, PPL, and Valley Ag and Turf of Watsontown. 2 Category and 2 Core credits were offered to attendees.
44th Annual Tree Sale – Week of April 21, 2014. This year’s tree sale was another great success. We sold to 155 customers 7,842 trees. Susquehanna Valley High School and Middle School Envirothon – April 29 and May 13, 2014. The annual Susquehanna Valley High School and Middle School Envirothons are a joint effort of the Columbia, Montour, Northumberland, Snyder, and Union Conservation Districts. At our High School Envirothon, held at the Shikellamy State Park Overlook, Northumberland County had 12 teams. Northumberland Christian Team A was the winner. Our Middle School Envirothon, held at the Montour Preserve, had 21 teams.
Northumberland County High School Envirothon Winner: Northumberland Christian Team A
The most important part of any meeting, of course!
Twilight Meeting – September 9, 2014. This year’s Twilight Meeting was held at St. Joe’s Picnic Pavilion in the Milton area. Topics presented included a tour of the Jim Hostetter property and St. Joe’s showcasing recommended land use along a stream and fish habitat structures, Managing Herbicide Resistant Weeds, BMP Examples in Northumberland County, and How to Improve Your Grazing Systems. Attendees received two core credits.
2014 AWARDS Conservation Farmer of the Year Winner: Will and James Haupt, operating as Haupt’s Produce, Paxinos About the award: The Northumberland County Conservation District honors a farmer who demonstrates leadership in best management practices through their commitment to conservation on the farm. About the winner: The Haupt farm is a 160 acre operation owned by Will Haupt assisted by his father James Haupt who purchased the farm in 1974. 120 acres are used to grow grains with no‐till methods being used. Fall cover planting, mostly wheat, is used to control erosion. This operator uses contour strips of grass waterways, diversion ditches, and catch basins that were designed by George Phillips and implemented more than 30 years ago. There is no manure used on this farm. The remaining 40 acres are used to grow produce that is sold at local farmer’s markets and other outlets. The produce is grown mostly on terraced strips using plastic sheet to retain moisture and retard unwanted weed growth. These strips are irrigated using drip irrigation. Irrigation is supplied mostly using water from a catch basin which collects water from parts of the farm and supplements by water from Little Shamokin Creek. Underground piping is used to deliver the water to the drip irrigation system. Harvested potatoes are stored in insulated bins using exhaust fans to regulate temperature, without additional refrigeration. Will and James Haupt are presented with the Farmer of the Year Award by NCCD Board Vice‐Chairman Leon Wertz, as well as a citation by Representative Lynda Culver and Commissioner Rich Shoch.
The Haupt’s have allowed riparian buffers to grow along Little Shamokin Creek to stabilize the streambank and have cooperated with the PA Fish and Boat Commission to create habitat for aquatic life. Numerous times they have supported the endeavors of the Little Shamokin Creek Watershed Association to protect and enhance the watershed. In addition, they have created wildlife habitat and food sources at the perimeters of their property. Swank Outstanding Conservation Organization Award Winner: Northcentral Pennsylvania Conservancy, Williamsport About the award: This award is sponsored annually by David and Judy Swank of Elysburg in honor of their granddaughter, Shelby Palmer. It is presented to an outstanding conservation organization in the county which has done exceptional conservation related work. About the winner: The Northcentral Pennsylvania Conservancy (NPC) is a land trust devoted to conserving
2014 AWARDS the working lands and identifying waters of northcentral Pennsylvania for the enjoyment and well‐being of present and future generations. They work to conserve properties in the following Pennsylvania counties: Bradford, Centre, Clinton, Columbia, Lycoming, Montour, Northumberland, Potter, Snyder, Sullivan, Tioga, and Union. NPC currently holds 43 conservation easements and 1 facade easement on over 4,735 acres. Another 6,300 acres were protected through ownership. These acres are now owned by the Bureau of Forestry, Pennsylvania Game Commission, local government, or other conservation organizations. Don Cotner, Sr. Memorial Scholarship Winner: Adam Leister, Northumberland About the award: We were proud to present this scholarship for a sixth year, which is sponsored by Don Cotner, Jr. in memory of his father. The award is given to a senior pursuing a degree in agriculture or an environmentally related field in the fall 2014 semester. Don Cotner, Sr. was a director for the Northumberland County Conservation District from 1960‐1979. Cotner Farms began implementing a soil conservation program in the mid‐1930s and has been actively conducting and promoting soil conservation practices ever since. In 1936, Cotner Farms became one of the first farms in central Pennsylvania to implement 'contour' farming. In recognition of over 50 years of practicing soil conservation, Don Cotner Sr. was named Pennsylvania Conservation Farmer of the Year in 1988. Mr. Cotner was a top ten finalist for the National Conservation Farmer that same year. Soil conservation continues at Cotner Farms today. All acreage is still farmed using no‐till methods, cover crops are planted each fall, and diversion ditches, waterways, and terraces are maintained and improved upon annually. Employees of the farm routinely participate in soil conservation meetings and panels which provide information to legislators. About the winner: Our sixth annual award winner of this scholarship is Adam Leister, a 2014 graduate of Shikellamy High School. He is the son of Steve and Melanie Leister. Adam has been accepted to Mansfield University for the fall of 2014. His career plans include pursuing a degree in the Environmental Sciences, including Geosciences and possibly mapping technology. His extracurricular activities include the Boy Scouts, National Honor Society, and he is a Young American. His Environmental Science instructor stated “I believe that Adam’s achievements in class have only skimmed the surface of the potential that he has, even though he is one of the top students in his class. I have found Adam to be a leader in his actions and his performance in and out of the classroom.” During his senior year, Adam had a grade average of 94.89.
2014 AWARDS Raymond D. and Mable E. Shaffer Scholarships Winner: Courtlyn Trautman, Herndon About the award: The Raymond D. and Mable E. Shaffer Scholarship is provided every year by Sandra Shaffer‐Mattern of Dalmatia to a Line Mountain High School senior who will attend college in the fall. It was instituted in 1996 in memory of Raymond and Mable Shaffer, who were among the founders of the Northumberland County Conservation District. Raymond was on the original steering committee and was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Conservation District in 1955. About the winner: The 2014 winner of this scholarship is Courtlyn Trautman of Herndon, the daughter of Jim and Lisa Trautman. Courtlyn’s extracurricular activities included musicals, plays, concert band, marching and jazz band, choir, the Line Mountain Arts Council, the key club, art club, german club, drama club, National Honor Society, and captain of the colorguard. She also did volunteer work at the Manor at Susquehanna Village, raised money for Leukemia and the Lymphoma Society, and participates in blood drives. She will be attending Lock Haven University as a Health Science major and will then apply for the Physician’s Assistant program after graduation. Her Biology teacher commented, “Courtlyn approaches her schoolwork with an uncommonly dedicated approach. She is what I would call a “natural student” who willingly completes assignments and prepares for assessments with a level of quality that is outstanding. Her approach to assignments allows her to achieve success and shows her fellow classmates that a higher level of quality is possible through effort and a genuine passion for learning.” During her senior year, Courtlyn had a grade average of 97.0347. Conservation District Patch Winners: Joshua Marzak (Leader: Larry R. Beck) About the award: Northumberland County boy scouts and girl scouts are eligible to receive the Conservation District Patch by earning at least three scout merit badges in conservation. In addition, they must participate in one or more conservation projects, such as tree planting, recycling, wildlife management, litter removal, etc. About the winner: Joshua Marzak earned the Weather, Environmental Science, and Geology badges. Joshua is the son of Ann Marie Marzak of Danville. Joshua participated in several litter cleanups this past year with his troop.
2014 – 65TH ANNIVERSARY In 1949 the District reorganized under Pennsylvania Act 217 (the Conservation District Law) to make services available to farmers in the entire county. With a five‐member Board and no staff, the Board immediately got to work assessing the needs of the farmers in Northumberland County. Serving on the District’s first board of directors were Mark Witmer, Thomas Hoffman, Marr Patton, Ira Renn, and Leroy Thomas. The focal point of the District movement during the early years was the Stone Valley Watershed, a 2,000‐acre tract of gently rolling farmland near Dalmatia. The Stone Valley Watershed became nationally famous as an example of successful conservation farming. Ninety percent of the conservation practices planned by the Soil Conservation Service were installed on 19 of the 21 farms in Stone Valley. The results were stunning – increased crop yields, reduced soil erosion, decreases in flooding levels – that the valley was toured by scores of farms groups and state and national leaders. In 1963 the District’s name changed to the Northumberland County Soil and Water Conservation District, and the District began their work with assisting watershed associations in their formation. In 1968, the District hired their first employee. In 1973 the District changed their name once again, simply by dropping “Soil and Water.” The name has remain unchanged since 1973. Throughout the 70’s additional employees were added to assist with technical assistance on the farms in the county. In 1987, the District began participating in the Chesapeake Bay Program. Also in the 80’s, the District started assisting with Nutrient Management, Mine Reclamation, and the Envirothon program. Throughout the 90’s the District continued to grow and take on more responsibility, including the review of Erosion and Sedimentation plans, administration of the Farmland Preservation program, the formation of the Shamokin Creek Restoration Alliance, and numerous educational programs. Today, the District’s services continue to grow. We are often the first office county residents reach out to with conservation questions. We work not only with farmers, but also with contractors, municipalities, watershed organizations, students, and educators. We look forward to continuing to grow for the next 65 years and serving the residents of Northumberland County!
Northumberland County Conservation District’s 2014 Affiliate Members
Watson Excavating, Inc., Watsontown Contributing Members: H.H. Knoebel Sons, Inc., Elysburg Scattered Acres Farm, Elysburg Affiliate Members: Ag Choice Farm Credit ACA, Lewisburg Central Builders Supply Company, Sunbury Representative Lynda Schlegel Culver, 108th District Donald H. Beagle Excavating, Danville Philip Dunn, Mt. Joy Earthwork Services, LLC, Danville Hilltop Environmental Engineering, Inc., New Berlin Hoober, Inc., Intercourse Lenape Solar, LLC, Sunbury Mahantango Game Farm, LLC, Dalmatia Dennis Martz, Dalmatia Paul Q. Ross Construction, Inc., Sunbury Pik Rite, Inc., Lewisburg Sunbury Animal Hospital, Sunbury Uni‐Tec Consulting, State College
Conservation Partner: PPL Corporation, Bloomsburg Associate Members: Anonymous Aqua Pennsylvania, Inc., Shamokin Daniel Shingara Enterprises, Inc., Paxinos Doli Construction Corp., Chalfont First National Insurance, Selinsgrove Great Valley Consultants, Wyomissing Keefer and Associates, Inc., Sunbury Kevin E. Raker Construction, LLC Keystone Group Agricultural Seeds, New Columbia KPI Technology, Elysburg Pheasants Forever (Central Susquehanna Chapter), Bloomsburg Pioneer, New Columbia R. Wintersteen Excavating, Danville Robert Snyder Farms, Inc., Northumberland Rovendale Ag and Barn, Inc., Watsontown Sandra Shaffer Mattern, Dalmatia Turbotville National Bank, Turbotville Valley Ag and Turf, Halifax
NCCD thanks these members for continuing to support us and the protection of Northumberland County’s natural resources.