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Volume 19 Issue 3

May 2018

Optimize profit per stall Cows & Production by Lactation

Count

305-Day Milk

Now more than ever it is important to make sure each stall on your dairy is occupied by the most profitable cows. One way to improve profit per stall is to change the makeup of your herd and milk a higher percentage of older cows as they are typically the best producers. This graph reflects a typical trend for dairies I work with and shows the improvements in production by lactation. In this example, the difference in production from first to second lactation animals is significant (over 5,500 pounds) and adds up quickly. Albeit a bit optimistic right now, at $16 milk these additional pounds can add nearly $900 more in revenue per cow. While every herd must have some first lactation animals to replace nonproductive older cows, keeping that percentage around 30-32 percent helps minimize the drag. Breeding every cow to a dairy bull and milking every resulting heifer generally goes against this idea. Breeding a portion of your herd to beef can help keep the percentage of first lactation cows in check, and maximizes revenue and

Lactation Number

profit from the total calves born on a dairy, regardless of herd size. Along with greater milk production and reduced herd turnover, you can reduce the number of heifers you need to raise and feed as replacements. As feed costs for replacement animals are typically one-fourth of the total feed bill of a dairy, removing some of this expense can certainly help your bottom line. With today’s good reproduction and great calf raising skills, a dairy can easily produce sufficient replacements without

using sexed semen on heifers. However, you should consider using sexed semen on the best genetics to create the pool of first lactation animals you will need. Selective use of sexed semen allows you to decide how many replacements best fit your future plans and housing situation. Using the Select Sires herd replacement calculator, this article will share a few examples of how much beef semen and sexed semen is needed for this strategy. Continued on pages 2 & 3

When it comes to genetics - choose wisely Any bull can sire a heifer that will make milk. There are hundreds of breeds of cattle in the world and they ALL make milk, so why are 93 percent of the dairy cows in the United States Holstein? It’s the same reason you don’t have a Chihuahua as a guard dog and a St. Bernard sitting in your lap. The impact genetic selection in dairy cattle has on production has been proven

time and again, and producers place an intense amount of scrutiny on the genetics allowed into their herd. Why then, when breeding dairy cattle to beef semen would the only criteria that must be met be hide color and calving ease? The driving force behind using beef semen on dairy cattle is the Continued on page 4


Optimize profit per stall continued

How many replacements?

D = conventional dairy semen S = sexed dairy semen B = beef semen

Example 1

Example 2

Goal: Your herd has a 40 percent cull rate and would like to generate 20 percent more heifers than needed. This allows you to expand a little if you decide to, or if you have a lucrative market for dairy sales and can capitalize on that.

Goal: Your herd only wants to raise the number of heifers needed as replacements and you have a very low cull rate. You want to target sexed semen on your very best cattle to get heifer calves from. You do not want to worry about finding a dairy market for excess animals and believe in not overcrowding. You are most comfortable with a 5 percent cushion in case of any unforeseen disasters.

Plan: The following plan generates 121 percent of the replacements needed. It requires 100 percent sexed semen on heifers for first service, followed by conventional semen. For cows, conventional semen is used for all services in first lactation, first and second service in second lactation and first service only for third and greater lactations. All other cow services are bred to beef.

Milk Group

%

1st Service

A

30%

D

D

B

B

25%

D

B

B

C

45%

B

B

B

3rd Service

Heifer Group

%

1st Service

2nd Service

3rd Service

D

D

100%

S

D

D

Milk Group

%

1st Service

2nd 3rd Service Service

A

30%

D

D

D

B

25%

D

D

B

C

45%

D

B

B

Heifer Group

%

1st Service

2nd Service

D

100%

S

D

Conception Rate Data

Plan: This plan creates 104 percent of the replacements needed. Since you have a very low cull rate and great heifer survival it takes a lot less heifers to fill your needs.

Conception Rate Data

Herd Growth Variables

Total Cows

1000

Cull rate

Cows/Dairy sexed

40%

Age at 1st calving

Cows/Dairy

42%

% Heifers never milk

Cows/Beef

40%

Heifers/Dairy

65%

Heifers/Dairy sexed

55%

2nd 3rd Service Service

Herd Growth Variables

Total Cows

1000

Cull rate

Cows/Dairy sexed

40%

Age at 1st calving

23

11%

Cows/Dairy

45%

% Heifers never milk

5%

Desired herd size

1000

Cows/Beef

40%

Desired herd size

1000

Cow abortions

10%

Heifers/Dairy

65%

Cow abortions

10%

Heifers/Dairy sexed

55%

40% 23

Replacements Created

Replacements Needed

% Created vs Needed

Replacements Created

Replacements Needed

% Created vs Needed

516

426

121%

315

302

104%

30%

Considerations: Notice how cull rate, age at first calving, heifer survival, conception rates and abortion rate all have a big effect on replacements needed. Both examples are for the same size herd. Notice the higher percentage of beef services that are required to maintain herd size in example two, compared to example one. Obviously there are many scenarios that could work to achieve either goal... these are just a few to cause you to think further about how to change the makeup of your herd.

2

NorthStar Cooperative, Inc.


Which animals to breed with dairy, sexed dairy, or beef semen? Knowing your herd’s goals for replacements and growth is the first step and allows you to determine the percent of your herd that needs to be bred to beef. The next step is to develop your breeding list identifying which animals get bred to conventional or sexed dairy semen, or beef semen. In this process, the more data you have to make a decision the better your decision can be. This is a great time to utilize your DHI information to help determine which genetics are best to build your future herd on; as well as which genetics are logical beef-on-dairy breedings. You are probably wondering what information to consider to start. Genomic test results and data from DHI records, including actual milk production and parent averages for NM$, are all good factors to start with. From my point of view, the best choices use a combination of genetic ranking and actual performance. In this example I used a combination of NM$ and herd ranking for energy-corrected milk (ECM). Rankings for ECM are A, B, C, D and E. A is the best ranking, and E represents the poorest performers in your herd. In my example I will first focus on cows ranked D and E

for ECM, with a NM$ of ≤ $200. Note that the NM$ can be from genomic test results or parent average.

ID Lact # DIM 10 3 237 13 6 80 25 5 264 27 1 335 34 1 99 42 2 97 68 4 170 80 3 91

ECM NM$ GPTA Rating NM D +145 D -36 E -228 D -85 D +141 139 D +96 88 D +29 30 D -96 -91

Sire 29HO13363 29HO11509 29HO11614 29HO14427 29HO13846 29HO13083 29HO13162 29HO12209

Using the requirements described we get a report like this that shows your poorest performers. Of course using criteria similar to this requires you to continuously move up the NM$ and ECM thresholds until you have enough animals to breed to beef. For example, the next step in a selection process like this could be to increase NM$ to ≤ $300 with a ECM ranking of C, D or E. If your herd is using a mating program, work with your genetic consultant to help determine the selection process, and they can incorporate beef semen usage into your mating plan.

Which beef breed to use? The next question to consider is which beef cross to use? To answer that, you need to know what you intend to do with the crosses. Are you going to feed them until marketing as steers, or will you sell them as baby calves? Time, cash flow, feed and space should all factor into your decision, resulting in the highest premium possible. If you plan to finish your crossbreds, choose beef sires that optimize feed efficiency, growth and carcass merit. The Angus and SimAngus breeds can be good choices. This table highlights a few examples of terminal crosses. Crosses sold as babies that are black hided are demanding a 50 percent premium in the current market. Because of that, most producers are using Angus for calving ease and the polled aspect. Limousin and LimFlex bulls offer added bone and muscle to their offspring, but are not truly calving ease. Because of that they can be good choices for Jersey cows, but may need to be avoided on heifers. Keep in mind that hybrid vigor will cause additional growth at birth, weaning and yearling stages. Another option if you are retaining calves only through weaning, is to use higher growth bulls such as a Simmental or an elite Angus. Minimizing calving difficulties should remain a high priority. Just because you use beef semen does not mean the bull is calving ease. When using beef semen on dairy heifers use sires with known calving ease and birth weight information. As a rule of thumb, select sires that rank in the top 50 percent of the breed for calving ease. For larger framed breeds such as Limousin, you may want to adjust that to use only the bulls that rank in the top 30 percent.

Holstein Prominent Cross

Calving Ease

Ribeye Area

Marbling

Growth Rate

Angus

Good

Small

Very Good

Moderate

LimFlex

Good

Large

Good

Fast

SimAngus

Good

Moderate

Good

Fast

Prominent Cross

Calving Ease

Ribeye Area

Marbling

Growth Rate

Angus

Good

Small

Excellent

Slow

LimFlex

Good

Large

Very Good

Moderate

SimAngus

Good

Moderate

Very Good

Moderate

Jersey

bull calves and non-replacement heifers. Dairy crossbreds compete favorably with native beef in terms of marbling score and quality grade. Improvements in growth rate and muscle size/shape are additional benefits from using beef bulls on dairy animals. Questions? Contact me or your area NorthStar Specialist and we will assist with implementing a strategy that meets your goals.

When you have a plan and use the beef breed that best fits your goals, adding beef-on-dairy to your breeding program adds value to Enhancing producer profitability through integrated services.

Julie Ainsworth, Coordinator Dairy Production Analysis PAS Contact Julie at: ainsworthd@northstarcooperative.com

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When it comes to genetics choose wisely - continued from page 1 result of good reproduction coupled with improved mortality rates in young stock, which for many has left an overabundance of replacement heifers. Selling heifers goes against decades of ingrained dairy mantra that states “you can never have too many heifers.” Old habits die hard and a first step to forcing the decision to not keep an animal is to create a terminal breeding… one you likely would not keep in the milking herd, like a dairy x beef cross. By using beef semen on dairy cattle, your goal in effect is to produce undesirable genetics from a dairy standpoint - a terminal breeding. But what about the purchaser picking up your crossbred calves, how do they view those animals? Genetics impact beef animals in regards to carcass merit and growth just as much as they do dairy cattle in regards to milk production or composition. Savvy producers will

get ahead of the curve and source genetics for terminal breedings that are appealing to backgrounders and feedlots beyond hide color. Marbeling, ribeye area and weaning weight are just a few of many areas measured in beef breeds to help with sire selection. As a dairy producer, you know selecting for a few specific genetic traits will have more impact than trying to do too much at once. So why then, on a terminal beef on dairy breeding would we not be selecting sires that are lower on maternal characteristics and much higher on carcass merit and growth? If your only requirement when ordering beef semen is hide color and calving ease your leaving a lot up to chance. Including beef-on-dairy in your mating program may be a relatively new concept for you, or maybe it’s unchartered territory. I think we all agree that “knowledge is power,” so the first step to further understanding this

strategy is to do a little research. A good place to start is the article “Optimize profit per stall” in this issue of The Point; and “Heifer Inventories… an opportunity for financial breathing room” in the March newsletter. Know that your NorthStar team can assist you with this strategy, helping you select desirable beef genetics that will not only produce the right color animal, but one that will add value and help you differentiate your product down the road.

Doug Moyer Director DHI Services

Maximum PROFIT POTENTIAL from every animal in your herd.

7AN408

7LM12 WARBONNET

7SM84 MADISON

KONZA

S

GU

AN

CED BW WW YW CW

RE Marb $B

EPD 13 -0.8 64 119 59 .94 .38 156.54 Acc .50 .72 .67 .55 .50 .45 .45

Moderate size and bred to deliver increased muscle

S

GU

AN

SIM CE BW WW YW CW REA Marb TI

EPD 14.7 -0.1 67.7 115.3 38.9 Acc .41 .49 .41 .41 .34

.79 .33

.86 .41

88.9

Boosts growth and improves muscle and marbling

SIN

OU

LIM

CE BW WW YW CW REA Marb $MTI

EPD 10 2.0 63 91 27 .56 -.42 35.60 Acc .89 .90 .89 .89 .60 .44 .48

Sires docile progeny that excel on the rail

Featured bulls are homozygous polled, homozygous black, calving ease and superior end-product merit. Talk with your NorthStar Specialist about including these or similar genetics in your mating program to add additional income and profit potential to your dairy!

4

NorthStar Cooperative, Inc.


Identifies sires with above average conception rates Select Sires recently began identifying sires with superior fertility sex-sorted semen using an Elite Sexed Fertility designation. Data analysis and implementation Select Sires has collaborated extensively in research efforts, leading to improvements in fertility potential of sex-sorted semen, including gender SELECTedTM SexedULTRATM 2M and gender SELECTed SexedULTRATM 4M. However, research trials and field fertility data clearly and repeatedly confirm that some sires achieve much greater conception rates than others, irrespective of sperm dosage. Simply stated, a sire’s fertility advantage can outweigh any sperm dose advantage. Select Sires constantly monitors the success of both conventional and sex-sorted semen products through inhouse fertility analysis systems. Fertility of conventional and sex-sorted semen are independent traits with very poor correlation. A bull that exhibits above average fertility with conventional semen is not guaranteed to exhibit above average fertility with sex-sorted semen. “Select Sires’ research and field fertility data both lead us to believe that identifying sires of both 2M and 4M dosages that excel at achieving pregnancies is beneficial for our customer-owners,” explains Mel DeJarnette, Select Sires’ vice president of research and quality control. “Although there have been many advances in sex-sorting technology through the years, it remains a very expensive and inefficient process. The added cost and reduced supply created by processing at four million sperm per dose does not appear to be consistently and repeatedly offering our cooperative’s customer-owners a return on the added investment.”

Designation details and qualifications The Elite Sexed Fertility designation will identify gender SELECTed sires with above average conception rates through sire fertility analysis. Selection criteria will be based on Composite Fertility Index (CFI) data. CFI combines information from several large-scale sire fertility analysis systems including Select Sires’ Relative Breeding Efficiency (RBE), which includes an 18-month rolling database in excess of two million services. A large number of services adds power and reliability to estimates, while restricting data to the most recent 18 months allows for greater sensitivity to detect changes in sire fertility over time. Only the latest CFI data will be used in identifying sires and, therefore, updates will occur monthly. Only active sires shown to have superior fertility in sexed semen use with a minimum of 500 services will qualify for the designation. Sires of all breeds in both SexedULTRA 2M and SexedULTRA 4M product lines will be eligible for an Elite Sexed Fertility designation. Ensuring the best ROI This new designation is the result of extensive data analysis which NorthStar is excited to provide to you as another tool to enhance genetic and reproductive success. “Select Sires continues to innovate the use of data to benefit producers as the first and only A.I. organization to identify our highest performing sires for sexed semen in both 2M and 4M products. The addition of the Elite Sexed Fertility designation will be a useful new tool to help dairymen maximize their success with gender SELECTed semen,” explains Lyle Kruse vice president of U.S. market development for Select Sires.

BioFresh Bolus™ Stress management for transition cows & more! • Supplements a cow's variable intake with critical vitamens and minerals • Aids in immune function providing L-Form Lactobacillus, microbial sugars and specialized proteins • Helps retain more milk and reduce SCC as proven through Southern Illinois University Research • Administer 1 bolus per day for three days to protect against a variety of stress related challenges

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Enhancing producer profitability through integrated services.

5


7HO12600 MODESTY

7HO13250 JEDI

Daughter Proven Sires

DAM OF 7HO12788 FRAZZLED

VG-85

G'DAM OF 507HO13598 PINNACLE

EX-90-EX-MS-DOM

Code No. Code Name

NM$

Code No. Name

NM$

7HO12600 MODESTY

927

7HO13771 KENNEDY

963

7HO12266 YODER

863

7HO12788 FRAZZLED

959

7HO11351 SUPERSIRE

827

507HO13740 ROLAN

957

7HO13250 JEDI

825

507HO13598 PINNACLE

937

7HO12450 AMBITION

823

507HO13715 RAPTOR

934

7HO12256 MAGUIRE

805

7HO12868 ADVANCE

930

7HO11985 TETRIS

793

7HO13504 JAGUAR

930

7HO13094 TRENTON

782

7HO13741 FOLKLORE

929

7HO12165 MONTROSS

781

14HO14169 SOPRANO

928

14HO7426 EQUINOX

767

14HO7426 EQUINOX

767

Your NorthStar Representative offers more Net Merit Leaders than any other source! Select Sires is home to 31 of the Top 100 NM$ Proven Sires* and 34 of the Top 100 NM$• Active Young Sires. Ask your NorthStar representative today!

*27 sires are Select Sires and 4 are Accelerated Genetics. • Top NM$ Active Young Sires represents young sires born before 3/1/17. 28 sires are Select Sires and 6 are Accelerated Genetics. CDCB/HA 04/18. Visit www.selectsires.com for reliabilities and more information.

800.631.3510 • www.northstarcooperative.com

6

Genomic Young Sires

NorthStar Cooperative, Inc.


MemberStockownerNews Scholarship Winners

At the NorthStar Cooperative annual meeting it was announced that Cassy Bonnin of Bonduel, Wisconsin; Jared Sanderson of Sandusky, Michigan; and Allison Schafer of Westphalia, Michigan were NorthStar's scholarship recipients. Each student received a $500 scholarship for continuing their education in the field of agriculture. Bonnin is a sophomore at the University of Wisconsin Platteville, majoring in Biology with emphasis in Zoology. In High School, Bonnin was a member of the National Honor Society and was active in 4-H and FFA. Currently, Bonnin is a member of the Lutheran Campus Ministry, Rotaract Club and is involved in Colligate FFA. Bonnin is the daughter of Kevin and Shawn Bonnin of Glor-E-Land Acres, LLC. A junior at Michigan State University (MSU), Sanderson is majoring in Animal Science. At MSU, Sanderson is an active member of the MSU Dairy Club where he serves as Vice President, as well as the MSU Block and Bridle Club and the MSU Tower Guard. Sanderson is the son of Michael and Pattie Sanderson of Welter Dairy Farm, LLC. A 2016 graduate of PewamoWestphalia High School, Schafer is currently a sophomore at MSU majoring in Agribusiness Management. In High School, Schafer was a member

of the National Honor Society and was active in 4-H. She is the daughter of Leroy and Stephanie Schafer of JemLot Dairy The NorthStar Cooperative Scholarship program was established in 2005 to encourage post high school study in the field of agriculture for stockowners and their children. The 2019 application is available online at www.northstarcooperative.com/ stockowners.

Election Results

NorthStar Cooperative memberstockowners recently elected members to serve on the Cooperative’s board of directors, as well as advisory and resolutions committee. Member-owners in four districts cast votes to fill positions on the NorthStar board of directors. Incumbents Mark Ziel, Port Austin, Michigan (district 5), Andy Wolf, Oconto Falls, Wisconsin (district 6), Lyle Ott, Hilbert, Wisconsin (district 7) and Dick Piechowski, Waupaca, Wisconsin (district 8) were reelected and will serve a three-year term. Additionally, Dana Sue Kirk, St. Johns, Michigan and Steve Maier, Jim Falls, Wisconsin were appointed to fill one-year at-large positions on the board of directors. Stockowners also elected members to the Cooperative’s advisory and resolutions committee. Dairymen elected this year include: Rodney Daniels, Whittemore, Michigan; Jeff Alexander, Hanover, Michigan; Mike Bender, Croswell, Michigan; Ken McBroom, Vulcan, Michigan; Randy Geiger, Reedsville, Wisconsin; Eldon Heling, Clintonville, Wisconsin; Scott Pralle, Humbird, Wisconsin and Cory Craig, Fair Oaks, Indiana. Congratulations and thank you to the stockowners that help direct the business of NorthStar Cooperative.

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Enhancing producer profitability through integrated services.

7


Presorted Standard Class U.S. Postage PAID Lansing, MI Permit #505 P.O. Box 23157, Lansing, MI 48909-3157 800.631.3510 • northstarcooperative.com Return Service Requested

You can now pay online with • Echeck • Credit Card Visit www.northstarcooperative.com and click "Pay Online" at the top of the screen.

gender SELECTed is a trademark of Select Sires Inc. SexedULTRA is a trademark of Inguran LLC. All gender SELECTed semen is processed using Sexed ULTRA technology. Limitations and Conditions of Sale: gender SELECTed semen shall be used only for the single insemination of one female bovine during natural ovulation with the intent to produce single offspring unless specifically approved on an individual customer basis by Sexing Technologies in writing. As a condition of purchasing gender SELECTed semen, the purchaser agrees that gender SELECTed semen will not be reverse sorted or re-sorted unless specifically permitted, in advance, on a case-by-case basis by Select Sires in writing. Select Sires intends to monitor the use of the gender SELECTed semen and vigorously enforce these restrictions on use. Please see http://www.selectsires.com/ designations/genderselected.html for additional details. NorthStar Cooperative, its agents or employees cannot and do not guarantee the conception rate, gender, quality or productivity to be obtained in connection with the use of its products, recommended techniques or services. WE MAKE NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE DESCRIPTION OF ITS PRODUCTS OR SERVICES AND HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. In the unlikely event that any of our products or services shall be proven to be defective, damages resulting from their use shall exclude consequential damages and be limited to their purchase price.

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Learn more and order from your NorthStar Specialist or call 800.631.3510. ™Select BioCycle is a trademark of Select Sires Inc. and manufactured by Agrarian Solutions®

The Point - May 2018  
The Point - May 2018