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A U G U S T 2013


AG NEWS AT A GLANCE

Nebraska soil moisture figures rise LINCOLN (AP) — Last week’s rain and below-normal temperatures combined to raise figures on Nebraska soil moisture. The U.S. Depart-

ment of Agriculture says 30 percent of Nebraska’s subsoil had adequate or extra moisture last week, compared with 24 percent the week before. Topsoil moisture was 51 percent adequate or beyond, compared with 31 percent a

week earlier. About 85 percent of the irrigated corn in the state was in good or excellent condition, compared with 76 percent average. The USDA says 43 percent of dryland corn was in good or excellent condition,

compared with 40 percent the week before and much lower than the average of 64 percent good or excellent. The USDA says about 69 percent of the soybean crop was in good or excellent shape.

Devastating swine disease hasn’t hit Neb. livestock yet PED is new to the US, already

forcing bacon prices to new highs By ROBERT PORE World-Herald News Service

pigs on June 1 was 3.1 million head, according to the USDA’s National Nebraska is among Agricultural Statistics the nation’s leaders in Service. This was down pork production, but a 2 percent from June 1, devastating swine dis- 2012, but up 3 percent ease that is new to the from March 1. Cash reU.S. has yet to show up in the state, according ceipts from hog producto Dr. Bruce Brodersen, tion in 2012 in Nebrasassistant professor in ka, according to the the School of Veteri- USDA, was valued at nary Medicine and Bio- $888.7 million, which logical Sciences at the was eighth best in the University of Nebras- nation. The hog slaughter inka-Lincoln. dustry in NeAccording to braska emBrodersen, the ploys thoud i s e a s e , “Since the sands of peoporcine epi- swine popuple. Last year, demic diar- lation has Nebraska rhea or PED hog slaughfor short, is al- never been ter plants ready forcing exposed bekilled 7.89 bacon prices fore to this million head nationwide to virus, they’re a total new highs. very suscepti- for slaughter He said weight of UNL’s Veteri- ble.” 2.155 billion nary Diagnos— DR. BRUCE p o u n d s , tic Center was BRODERSEN, which stands ready to seventh best test piglets for ASSISTANT in the nation. the virus, PROFESSOR OF With the which has VETERINARY hog industry been around MEDICINE AND a valuable since at least part of NeBIOLOGICAL the 1970s but braska’s first showed SCIENCES AT up in the U.S. UNL, e c o n o m y , Brodersen this summer. ABOUT SWINE said he ex“Since the DISEASE pects PED to swine populaturn up in tion has never Nebraska been exposed eventually, but swine before to this virus, they’re very suscepti- producers can take ble,” Brodersen said. steps to avoid it coming “The disease outbreaks to their facilities. He said surveys show are very severe because PED may be spread there’s no immunity to when trucks gather it at all. So, it’s been anywhere there are devastating as far as common loading and pig mortality is con- unloading chutes such cerned.” as buying stations. The Nebraska inventory of all hogs and Please see SWINE, Page 4


Farmers markets appear to be growing in popularity Some customers have been regulars at Ace Hardware market in GI for close to 30 years By ROBERT PORE World-Herald News Service

GRAND ISLAND — There was a good crowd at the farmers market at Ace Hardware in Grand Island July 31 to buy the fresh sweet corn, melons, squash, green peppers, eggplant and all the other fruits and vegetables picked earlier in the morning and brought to town for sale hours later. While the farmers market at Ace has been around for years and people from Grand Island and the area have made purchasing locally-grown produce and supporting local farmers a part of their summer ritual, it was also

the week to celebrate National Farmers Market Week from Aug. 4 to 10. Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA) Director Greg Ibach is encouraging all Nebraskans to enjoy local produce this season at their local farmers market. One of the vendors at the farmers market was Tom Stubbs of Placke Melons, which is located in St. Libory. Stubbs has been selling produce at the farmers market for 15 years. He said the traffic this year has been good. “It has been a good year, though the road construction is making it tough for some of our

Drought-tolerant beans are focus of cooperative study Data will help pinpoint location of specific genes that give beans ability to tolerate long dry spells By DAVE OSTDIEK Communications/Technology UNL Panhandle Research and Extension Center

SCOTTSBLUFF — As another dry summer passes in western Nebraska, work is also progressing at the University of Nebraska Panhandle Research

and Extension Center in developing new varieties of drought-tolerant dry edible beans. UNL Dry Bean Breeding Specialist Carlos Urrea is working with gene-mapping populations of dry beans at Scottsbluff and several other locations, in an effort to pinpoint the location of the specific genes that give bean plants the ability to tolerate dry spells. Urrea has been working cooperatively with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, introgressing exotic materials from Central and Please see BEANS, Page 6

older people to get here, but it has been good,” Stubbs said. Stubbs said the quality of this year’s produce has also been good, though the tomatoes have been slow to come along this season because of the damp morning weather and lack of warm weather. “But we are just starting to get in our good St. Libory watermelons, cantaloupe and mushmelons,” he said Stubbs said people love to get fresh produce that’s picked ripe on the vine the morning they purchase it. He said they also like the idea that they are supporting local produce farmers. “Now is the time to

take from the farm to the fork,” he said. “It is fresh daily. We are here seven days a week to accommodate people.” Veteran fresh produce farmer Shelly Helgoth and her sons were also at the farmers market selling their wide variety of produce picked that morning. It has been 35 years now that Helgoth Melons and Produce of St. Libory has been making a presence at the farmers market at Ace. “Business has been pretty consistent this year,” Helgoth said. “It seems to continue to grow every year as more people find out about it and people are becoming more conscious about eating local and fresh.” When Helgoth first began selling produce at

Andrew Bottrell / The North Platte Telegraph

Farmer’s markets across the region, like this one in North Platte, are doing a booming business as folks want fresh produce for their tables throughout the summer. the farmers market 25 years ago, there would be a long stretches of time sitting in her pickup truck, reading a book and waiting for the next customer to arrive. “Now, there is no more sitting,” she said.

The color and variety of produce at the Helgoth stand went from the purple of eggplant to the bright orange summer squash to the brilliant reds of fresh Please see MARKET, Page 5


Record Nebraska corn crop forecast 2012 report shows harvest will be up 22 percent over previous year By ROBERT PORE World-Herald News Service

In contrast to last year’s drought-impacted corn crop, the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service on Aug. 12 reported that, based on Aug. 1 conditions, Nebraska’s corn crop is forecast at 1.58 billion bushels, up 22 percent from last year. In 2011, Nebraska corn production was 1.536 billion bushels and in 2009, it was 1.575 billion, for the two previous corn production highs. Acreage harvested for grain this year is estimated at 9.8 million acres, up 8 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at

161 bushels per acre, up 19 bushels from last year. Nationwide, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) said Aug. 12 that corn production is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, up 28 percent from 2012. If realized, the USDA reported this will be a new record production for the United States. Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, yields are expected to average 154.4 bushels per acre, up 31 bushels from 2012. If realized, this will be the highest average yield since 2009. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 89.1 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast, but up 2 per-

SWINE from Page 2

cent from 2012. This near-record corn forecast comes after a slow, wet planting season. On Aug. 12, the USDA reported that for the 18 major corngrowing states, the crop is 64 percent good or excellent, compared to 23 percent last year at this time. While the nation’s corn crop is in better shape than last year, the toll of the slow, wet planting season is evident as the corn in the dough stage is at 32 percent, compared to the five-year average of 48 percent, and corn in the dent stage is at 5 percent, compared to the fiveyear average of 17 percent. According to the USDA, corn stocks are likely to hit an eightyear high and prices are at a three-year low. The USDA is project-

ing food inflation to average just 2 percent in 2013, down from 2.6 percent in 2012 and well below the historical average of 3 percent. Meat prices are expected to advance just 1.5 percent this year, compared to 3.4 percent last year. And an abundant national corn crop is good news for the ethanol industry as ethanol production, demand and consumption continue to increase, according to the Renewable Fuels Association. RFA President and CEO Bob Dinneen said the USDA’s report suggests livestock and poultry feed will remain as the top use of corn, accounting for 53 percent of total demand (when animal Please see RECORD, Page 8

From those common areas, the virus can be tracked back to individual operations. Brodersen urged producers to be very careful to clean their trailer or truck before they go home. “You should always follow very strict biosecurity steps,” he said. No vaccine is available in the U.S. yet. Brodersen said piglets infected with PED experience diarrhea and vomiting violent enough to kill them. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has confirmed only about 400 cases of the disease in the lab, but its toll has already been estimated in the hundreds of thousands. As a result, Brodersen said pork price futures have risen to historic levels, with hundredweights of pork going

for about $105 in recent trading at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. The USDA reports that the same amount of pork went for $78 in March. He said Fox Business News recently reported that the prices for pork bellies, which are cured into bacon, have risen particularly fast. On Tuesday, the wholesale price of a hundred pounds of fresh pork belly topped $189, 5 percent more than it was five days earlier and apparently at or near alltime highs. Retail prices for bacon don’t track one-toone with belly prices, Fox Business News reported, but they also have risen. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated the price of a pound of bacon in urban supermarkets at $4.92 in June up 14 percent from June 2012 and another all-time high.

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from Page 3

garden tomatoes. The produce smelled of the land, still partially covered with the soil they were picked from several hours earlier in the morning. A lot of those vegetables and fruits are on someone’s table that evening. “If you grow, people will come,” Helgoth said. “We pick fresh every day, and we are here seven days a week.” Shelly McNeff of Archer has been a regular at the farmers market for close to 30 years. “There are wonderful people here and it is a wonderful product that they sell,” McNeff said. “The freshness is obvious when you get it to the table and how much better it tastes. It is juicier and has a lot more flavor.” And, McNeff said, it is important to support local farmers and the produce they grow on their farms as it helps the local economy. Lois Walker of Grand Island is a regular customer at the farmers market. She said it is not only the freshness and good taste of the fruits and vegetables purchased at the farmers market, but it also is the vendors, such as Helgoth and Placke, that she knows and can be relied on for good quality and reputation. And having such

good, fresh produce available on a daily basis during the season “should mean a lot to everybody.” “Support the local farmers,” Walker said. “They need the help.” Also at the farmers market were the Integrated Life Choices stand and the produce grown at ILC’s farm in Giltner. Integrated Life Choices serves people living with disabilities. ILC’s clients help to grow and sell the produce, said Tiffany Speer of ILC. This is the second year they have been selling fresh produce, such as zucchini, cucumbers and tomatoes at the farmers market. “It gives them something to do,” Speer said about the ILC clients who work the gardens at the Giltner farm. “They pull the weeds, they take care of the produce and then they come down here and sell them. They enjoy coming out and being involved with the community. It also teaches how to take care of gardening and yard work.” To assist in locating a farmers market near you, the Nebraska Department of Agriculture offers the Nebraska Farmers Market Directory, which identifies locations, hours of operation and contact information for numerous markets across the state. The directory can be found at www.ourbesttoyou.nebraska.gov.

“Agriculture is one of the few trade success stories for America as we export grain and meat and our global leadership in agriculture is due in great part to our research and scientific advancements.”

— TIM SCHEER, NEBRASKA CORN BOARD CHAIRMAN,

ABOUT DELAY IN PASSING FARM BILL

AG NEWS AT A GLANCE ▼

MARKET

Cooler weather reduced stress on Neb. crops LINCOLN (AP) — Cooler weather reduced stress on Nebraska’s crops last week but slowed development of corn. The U.S. Department of Agriculture says progress in the state’s corn crop was about a week behind average as of Aug. 11. Last week’s rain helped raise soil moisture figures. Statewide, topsoil

moisture rated 54 percent adequate or surplus, 3 percentage points higher than the week before. Subsoil moisture was 34 adequate or surplus, compared with 30 percent the week before. About 67 percent of the state’s corn crop rated good or excellent. Corn silking was 90 percent complete, compared with 99 percent on average. Soybeans were rated 71 percent good or excellent.

Time and Temperature 532-6007

YOUR SOURCE since 1881 www.nptelegraph.com


BEANS from Page 3

South America into gene-mapping populations at Scottsbluff and several other locations. Part of the process is taking detailed measurements of morphological (structural) characteristics of plants in the genemapping plots. That is why Jennifer Trapp, a research associate for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Prosser Wash., and a Ph.D. student at Washington State University, recently came to the Panhandle Center. Urrea, Trapp and research technicians spent several days collecting plant samples from the plots and performing extensive phenotyping - measuring morphological traits or characteristics. At this point in the growing season, they were comparing

characteristics of the bean plants’ roots, such as the number of whorls, angle of secondary roots, number of tertiary roots, root rots, and number of nodules. “Many genes play a role in drought tolerance, and we can look at different traits at different times,” Trapp explained. Urrea began with more than 140 different drought-tolerant dry bean lines from a specific mapping population, comparing their development under conditions ranging from non-stressed to drought-stressed. It’s not practical to gather detailed data from all of those breeding lines, so Urrea and Trapp selected the 20 most- tolerant and 20 most-susceptible lines. Trapp also collected plant samples in Washington, so the development of the bean lines can be compared across two dif-

ferent locations. Because of the interaction between environment and genetics, “looking at two different locations will help to identify a droughttolerant line. What you want is to have the beans drought-tolerant in many locations.” While Trapp was gathering data for the development of drought-tolerant bean lines, she also was inspecting plots that are involved in the Western Regional Bean Trial, involving Nebraska, Colorado, Idaho and Washington. The regional trial compares the performance of about 15 varieties of beans, including the recent UNL Great Northern release Coyne and four others from Nebraska, under different environments. The UNL Panhandle Research and Extension Center webiste is at panhandle.unl.edu.

Drought leads to tighter Colo. wheat seed supply Farmers are encouraged to get in touch with dealers early in order to procure certified product DENVER (AP) — Exceptional drought conditions and untimely freezes that have left some southeast Colorado winter wheat fields with nothing to harvest also have limited the certified seed supply for next season. The Colorado Wheat Research Foundation works with certified seed growers of varieties developed by Colorado State University and predicts there should be enough seed available if farmers get in touch with dealers early. “It’s going to be very tight,” said Darrell Hanavan, the foundation’s executive director. Certified seed is sold by growers authorized

to raise new varieties that have patent-like protections. Customers usually are allowed to save some seed after the harvest to replant in their own fields, but it’s illegal for them to resell the seed to others. This year, some farmers didn’t have enough of a harvest for grain, let alone seeds. Certified seed growers in northeast Colorado, which got a little more moisture than southeast Colorado this season, have been fielding calls from southeast Colorado, western Kansas, and the panhandles of Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas to see if they have surplus certified seeds they can sell. Dan Anderson, a certified grower near Haxtun, said his supply is already about 70 percent sold. “We’ll still have some to sell, but most of the time, we’ve never been this far sold out this early,” he said. “Most of it has gone to local customers. They know the

problems further south of here, so they’re speaking for seed earlier this year.” Kansas, the nation’s top winter wheat producer, dealt with exceptional drought on the state’s western side. However growers in the central part of the state fared better and should be able to supply their counterparts in western Kansas with seeds, said Eric Fabrizius, associate director of the Kansas Crop Improvement Association. About 43 percent of Colorado winter wheat is grown from certified seed, while the rest is from seed that farmers saved from previous harvests, Hanavan said. There are about 40 certified growers statewide, Hanavan said. Burl Scherler of Sheridan Lake is among the few in southeast Colorado. Scherler estimates he harvested about 20 percent of his total acres this summer, Please see WHEAT, Page 19

The Associated Press

This May 30 photo shows Burl Scherler walking through a failed winter wheat crop on his farm near Sheridan Lake, Colo., in the southeast part of the state. Scherler had only a 20 percent success rate on this year’s winter wheat crops due to the drought. The exceptional drought and untimely freezes that hit the area left some southeast Colorado winter wheat fields with nothing to harvest have also limited the certified seed supply for next season.


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AG NEWS AT A GLANCE

World-Herald News Service

Panhandle Expo to join Harvest Festival For the second year, the University of Nebraska Expo, the Panhandle Research and Extension Center’s annual showcase of projects and programs in western Nebraska, will be held in September in conjunction with the Harvest Festival at the Farm And Ranch Museum, which is joining the

RECORD from Page 4

feed co-products from ethanol production are properly considered). “By comparison, the ethanol industry is projected to account for 26 percent of corn demand on a net basis, exports will account for 10 percent, and food, seed and industrial use will make up 11 percent,” Dinneen said. Additionally, feed usage is projected to be 15 percent higher than last year. According to Dinneen, USDA expects global grain production to hit 2.43 billion metric tons in 2013, up 8 percent from last year and a new record. “Not only is U.S. corn production expected to achieve a new record, but world grain output is projected to soar to a new record as well,” he said. According to the USDA report, soybean production in Nebraska is forecast at 223 million bushels, 8 percent above last year. Area for harvest, at 4.75 million acres, is down 5 percent from 2012. Yield is forecast at 47 bushels per acre, up 5.5 bushels from last year. Nationwide, USDA said that soybean pro-

North Platte Valley Museum to become the Legacy of the Plains Museum. The Expo and Harvest Festival will take place Sept. 21 and 22 at the museum between Gering and Scotts Bluff National Monument at 2930 Old Oregon Trail. Activities and exhibits will revolve around this year’s theme of forage and livestock. Carlos Urrea, chairman of the Expo planning committee at the UNL Panhandle Center, said UNL is pleased to be

a part of the Harvest Festival again. Urrea said one of UNL Extension’s priorities is increasing ag literacy among Nebraskans. So working cooperatively with the Legacy of the Plains Museum is a great opportunity to tell the story of how agriculture has developed in western Nebraska and how it touches people’s lives today. The UNL Expo committee is in the process of working with the museum to plan the event.

“Not only is U.S. corn production expected to achieve a new record, but world grain output is projected to soar to a new record as well.”

— BOB DINNEEN, RFA PRESIDENT AND CEO,

ABOUT RECORD CORN PRODUCTION

duction is forecast at 3.26 billion bushels, up 8 percent from last year. If realized, production will be the third largest on record. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, USDA reported that yields are expected to average 42.6 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from last year. If realized, the average yield will be the fifth highest on record. Area for harvest is forecast at 76.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from June’s projection, but up slightly from 2012. Planted area for the nation is estimated at 77.2 million acres, down less than 1 percent from June’s forecast. For other Nebraska crops: Nebraska’s 2013 winter wheat crop is forecast at 41.8 million bushels, unchanged from the July 1 forecast and the smallest production since 1944. Av-

erage yield is forecast at 36 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month but down 5 bushels from last year and the lowest since 2006. Sorghum yield is forecast at 66 bushels per acre, up 7 bushels from last year. Production of 5.28 million bushels is up 49 percent from a year ago. Oat production is forecast at 2.88 million bushels, up 14 percent from last month and the largest since 2005. Yield is forecast at 72 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels per acre from last month. Dry edible bean production is down 21 percent from last year. Sugarbeet production is down 15 percent from 2012. Alfalfa hay production is forecast to be 8 percent above last year. All other hay production is up 16 percent.


Test-tube burger doesn’t sit well with Nebraskans ‘I guess this is what happens when you have more money than sense.’

Q&A on the science of growing hamburger in the lab

— Nebraska State Sen. Ken Schilz By RUSSELL HUBBARD World-Herald News Service

OMAHA — A testtube beef project that cost more than $330,000 to produce a burger patty might get a passing grade in European research labs, but Nebraskans have better horse sense than that, according to people who deal with steers and heifers for a living. “I guess this is what happens when you have more money than sense,” said Sen. Ken Schilz, chairman of the Nebraska Legislature’s Agriculture Committee. “I don’t think

many Nebraskans are going to fall for this.” Schilz was responding to a report from London on Aug. 5 that scientists at a Dutch university have successfully grown meat in a laboratory using stem cells harvested from real animals. The muscle cells were put in a nutrient-rich solution and grew into small strands of meat. The seven-year effort has been underwritten with a grant from Google co-founder Sergey Brin, who said he funded the project because of his concern for animal welfare.

The Associated Press

A new Cultured Beef Burger made from cultured beef grown in a laboratory from stem cells of cattle, is cooked by chef Richard McGeown during the world’s first public tasting event for the food product held in London on Aug. 5. The research team at the University of M a a s t r i c h t , Bloomberg News reported, sees its testtube meat one day serving as an alternative to raising live-

stock. On Aug. 5, a 5-ounce hamburger from the test-tube meat was fried and served to two volunteers, an Austrian Please see TUBE, Page 10

LONDON (AP) — At a public tasting in London on Monday, Dutch scientists served a single hamburger made from cow stem cells. Some questions and answers about the science behind the revolutionary patty, how it could help combat climate change and what it actually tastes like. Q: What are stem cells? A: Stem cells are an organism’s master cells and can be turned into any other cell type in the body, i.e. blood, tissue, muscle, etc. Adult stem cells are found in small numbers in most human tissues, including bone marrow, fat

and muscle. Q: Why is the meat so expensive to produce? A: The technology is new and scientists are making very small quantities of meat. There are no economies of scale to offset the initial high costs. If more scientists or companies start using the technology to produce more meat products, that could drop the price substantially and speed up its production. Q: When could this meat be in stores? A: Probably not for another 10 to 20 years. Please see Q&A, Page 10


TUBE from Page 9

nutritionist and an American journalist. The product tasted kind of like beef, they said, but when it came to flavor, “the absence is the fat,” said the journalist, Josh Schonwald, who also said it tasted like “an animalprotein cake.” In Nebraska, the No. 2 U.S. beef-producing state, people were equally unimpressed with attempts to improve on the blood, bone and muscle produced by breeding cattle what one rancher called the ultimate sustainable resource. “This sort of thing might fly in New York or larger cities, but not here,” said Mark Jagels, a Davenport, Neb., rancher who is the incoming president of the U.S. Meat Export Federation.

It will take as long as 20 years for the lab effort to produce meat with commercial prospects, the Associated Press reported, so it’s a long way from restaurant tables. But if it were to make it there, one local restaurateur said, taste and texture will be the key factors. If the lab-made beef didn’t taste as good as the beef already used, said Jessica Joyce, co-owner of Block 16 at 16th and Farnam Streets, she might pass. “I think in this day and age, to offer a stem cell burger at Block 16 in Omaha, Nebraska, would be pretty weird,” she said. “But in 20 years maybe it won’t be weird.” The research got underway in 2006, and the strands that produced the burger cooked on Aug. 5 took two years to grow big enough for

two modest patties, AP reported. Only one of the patties was cooked Monday for the taste test. Chicken and pork are also candidates for the treatment. Steven Jones, a professor at the University of Nebraska’s Animal Sciences Department, said the topic is officially known as “in-vitro meat.” He said that he has engaged in such work using stem cells and that it has legitimate scientific research value. “It is a very catchy headline, but when you start looking at the long-range prospects of it taking over meat production, I don’t see it in my lifetime,” said Jones, who got his college undergraduate degree in 1978. He also said people should not be blinded by the claims of science. In-vitro meat is not as easy as combin-

ing a few ingredients and just walking away while the soup simmers. Antibiotics and serums and other additions are necessary, he said, because diseases can strike in the test tube as readily as they can in the pasture. “That is the great thing about real animals,” Jones said. “They have a real immune system that protects them against real disease.” Schilz, the senator who heads the Legislature’s ag committee, said he doesn’t think many Nebraskans see a need for lab meat. “I don’t think people here envision much of a reason to try and improve on what God and nature have already done a pretty good job on,” Schilz said.

Q&A from Page 9

It would take years to refine the technology, encourage other producers and scientists to get involved, and overcome any regulatory issues. Q: Who paid for the research? A: Sergey Brin, cofounder of Google, underwrote the $330,000 project, which began in 2006. The Dutch government previously donated 2 million euros to the research. Q: How is this better for the environment? A: It could reduce the number of animals needed for the meat industry. Raising cows, pigs, chickens, etc., contributes substantially to climate change through the production of methane gas. Growing meat in the laboratory could reduce the

impact on agricultural land, water and resources. Q: How long does it take to grow a burger? A: At the moment, a long time. It has taken two years for scientists to refine the process to grow enough meat. To actually grow enough meat for a couple of burgers would probably take about eight weeks. Actually forming the lab-made meat into a hamburger patty takes about two hours because scientists must put many separate strands together. Q: What does the process involve? A: Scientists first take a sample of muscles from a cow in a process they say is a painless biopsy. They then put those cells into a nutrient solution that helps them reproduce. Please see Q&A2, Page 12


Southern Rust in corn confirmed in 11 Neb. counties Diseases produce large amounts of spores that can be easily moved for long distances by wind IANR News Service LINCOLN — Nebraska corn growers should be scouting their fields for southern rust, especially those fields planted later this spring and in southern Nebraska counties. Southern rust was confirmed in samples submitted to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and private laboratories from 11 counties in south central and southeastern Nebraska with more expected, said Tamra JacksonZiems, UNL Extension plant pathologist. “These samples were from fields that had low incidence of disease at this time,” she said.

“Warm temperatures and high humidity may promote development and spread of the disease.” Rust diseases produce large amounts of spores that can be easily moved by wind for long distances. Having a history of southern rust in corn does not have any impact on disease development now, because this pathogen does not overwinter in infected residue, Jackson-Ziems said. “The spores must be carried into the area from southern or western locations by winds from diseased areas,” she said. “At this time, southern rust has not been confirmed in ei-

“If the disease continues to spread and worsen in Nebraska, those fields planted later are especially at higher risk for disease and potentially severe yield impacts.”

— TAMRA JACKSON-ZIEMS, UNL EXTENSION PLANT PATHOLOGIST, ABOUT SPREAD OF SOUTHERN RUST ther Kansas or Missouri corn fields. If the disease continues to spread and worsen in Nebraska, those fields planted later are especially at higher risk for disease and potentially severe yield impacts.” Jackson-Ziems said the best way to keep track of southern rust is to monitor reports from local university plant pathologists, diagnostic laboratories and

county Extension offices. Crop disease information in Nebraska is updated on CropWatch, UNL Extension’s crop production newsletter at cropwatch.unl.edu. The characteristics used for differentiating between common rust and southern rust are described and illustrated in the NebGuide, Rust Diseases of Corn in Nebraska, available from

local UNL Extension offices and online at www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/ sendIt/g1680.pdf. The simplest and most reliable way to differentiate the diseases without a microscope is to examine both leaf surfaces for spore production. Southern rust spore production is mostly limited to the upper leaf surface and tends to be tan/orange in color. The most reliable method for identifying corn rust diseases is based on examination of microscopic spore characteristics. Anyone needing assistance identifying diseases or other plant problems can submit samples to the UNL Plant & Pest Diagnostic Clinic, 448 Plant Science Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583-0722. For more information on

how to submit a sample or for the submission form, call 402-472-2559 or visit pdc.unl.edu/diagnosticclinics/plantandpest. Other diseases that have been identified across Nebraska include: n Common rust — This rust has been evident across Nebraska for several weeks. Common rust spores are usually brick-red to brown in color; however, the color difference is not a reliable method for identification when both are not available for comparison and because the spore type can change and turn black later in the season for both diseases. n Goss’s bacterial wilt and blight — Goss’s wilt continues to be confirmed in samples subPlease see RUST, Page 19


CPNRD latest to approve J-2 re-regulating project funding Two small reservoirs will be capable of holding up to 15,000 acre-feet of water By LORI POTTER World-Herald News Service

GRAND ISLAND — The Central Platte Natural Resources District is the latest partner to commit its share of funding to construct the J-2 Re-regulating Reservoir to be built along the Platte River in northwest Phelps County. As part of the fiscal year 2013-2014 budget approved Aug. 1 following a public hearing, the CPNRD board earmarked $1,168,500 for the J-2 project. That payment was part of a budget amendment to transfer funds for J-2 from accounts holding money for possible drainage improvements

to Elm and Turkey creeks near the town of Elm Creek. The Platte River Recovery Implementation Program, Nebraska Department of Natural Resources, and Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District have approved an agreement that says CNPPID is responsible for the J-2 project’s design, permitting, land acquisition, construction and operation. Two small reservoirs will be capable of holding up to 15,000 acre-feet of water already diverted by CNPPID at North Platte and run through Central’s hydropower plants. When river flows

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exceed targets set by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for habitat used by threatened and endangered birds, diverted water can be transported to the reservoirs via Central’s Phelps Canal, then held and released later when there are target flow deficits. Platte Program Executive Director Jerry Kenny has said the “conservative on the high side” estimated cost to construct the project is $75 million. CNPPID would pay 5 percent up to $2.5 million based on its benefits, mainly the ability to store water a day or two to smooth out river flow highs and lows resulting from hydropower plant operations. Of the remaining cost, the Platte Program (mostly federal funds) would pay 75 percent. The balance will come from DNR and NRDs, including Central Platte and Tri-Basin in Hub Territory, with which the state has agreements to re-

duce Platte River depletions. General Manager Lyndon Vogt said CPNRD will get 2,040 a-f in river credits that will be recognized after the district has met its responsibility to return Platte flows to 1997 levels. The main projects toward that goal are purchasing and retiring water rights in the western part of the NRD, and repairing canals and structures in three Dawson County irrigation districts. CPNRD can then use the canals to store water when diversions are possible to recharge groundwater hydrologically connected to the river. The total FY2014 CPNRD budget of $29.6 million includes about $20.3 million in cash on hand and revenue, with much of it earmarked for work on the Dawson County canals. The $5.18 million in property taxes needed in FY2014 compare to Please see CPNRD, Page 13

Q&A2 from Page A1

After that, they are placed into a donutshaped dish where the cells organize themselves into bits of muscle tissue. Electrical stimulation is sometimes used to exercise the muscle cells, which flex spontaneously. Once there are enough strands of meat (about 20,000 small strands), scientists can make a five-ounce (140-gram) hamburger. Q: What are the implications for vegetarians? A: PETA, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, supports attempts to grow meat in labs because they say that will greatly diminish the amount of animal suffering. Donor animals are needed for the muscle cells, but taking those samples doesn’t hurt the animal. One sample can theoretically provide up to 20,000 tons of labmade meat. But labgrown meat is still meat. Q: Is it possible to make other kinds of meat in the laboratory? A: Yes. The science is theoretically the same, so the same techniques should also allow researchers to make chicken, fish, lamb, etc. Dutch researcher Mark

Post, who led the research on the lab-made hamburger, initially started working with pig cells before switching to cows. He said it would even be possible to make meat products from other animals like penguins, though he has no plans to start on that. Q: Can they make other meat products? A: At the moment, scientists are only working on making processed or minced meat, because that is the easiest kind to replicate. Processed meat accounts for about half of the meat market. Post said it should be possible to make more complicated cuts like steaks or chops in the future, but that involves using more advanced tissue engineering techniques. He estimates that it might be possible to make a steak in about 20 years. Q: Perhaps most importantly, what does it taste like? A: Apparently it’s a little bland. At a public tasting on Monday in London, two food experts said the texture was convincing but that it lacked flavor; the labmade burger does not contain any fat, but was cooked in oil and butter. Post said he wanted people to taste the burger without condiments, in its purest form.

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CPNRD from Page 12

$4.9 million for the last fiscal year. Setting the levy will be on the agenda for the Aug. 29 board meeting. The board approved two bids Aug. 1 for the second phase of work in the Orchard-Alfalfa Irrigation District: BSB Construction of Curtis, $1,113,380 for clearing and grading, and Perrett Construction of Valentine, $861,968.80 for structures. Combined, the bids are $400,000 less than the engineer’s estimate. Phase three project bids should be ready for board action on Aug. 29. CPNRD Resources Conservationist Shane Max gave the directors maps and an overview of annual spring readings from 450 groundwater wells, with comparisons to the base year of 1982. Of the 24 subareas, nine showed declines, with the majority in the eastern part of the district, and 15 have higher groundwater levels. Max said all subareas remain above the targeted acceptable declines set for them by CPNRD officials. Vogt told the Hub that subareas are defined by different soil types and recharge conditions. Director Jerry Wiese

of Grand Island asked if pre-1982 data is available because 20 to 30 years is “a nano-second in time.” Max said the U.S. Geological Survey has data for as far back as such information has been gathered. Also on Aug. 1, James Huntwork, district conservationist in Grand Island for the Natural Resources Conservation Service, gave a progress report on a proposed project to control invasive cedar trees on about 14,000 grassland acres in southwest Dawson County. He is working with Teri Edeal of the NRCS Lexington field office and CPNRD Range Management Specialist David Carr to inventory the area and seek funds to pay incentives to landowners for deferred grazing as a first step toward using prescribed fire and grazing management systems. Huntwork said funding options include the federal Environmental Quality Incentives Program, CPNRD and grants. Although they would like to start with a burn project for up to 5,000 acres in 2014, Huntwork said dry conditions may mean there won’t be enough “fuel load” accumulated even with deferred grazing.

New hog facility on schedule Controversial project has begun excavation work at Columbus site By DAVID HENDEE World-Herald News Service

COLUMBUS — Excavation work is scheduled to begin early next week on a new hog confinement facility near Columbus that generated so much opposition and so many questions that state officials extended their review of the project. Pillen Family Farms is building a concentrated animal feeding operation to house 1,600 nursery pigs and 3,200 finishing swine fattened for slaughter on a Platte River lowland. The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality issued construction and operating permits July 24, after two extra months of review.

Jim Pillen, company president, said he is excited to begin construction. “We’re real pleased to received a permit to raise livestock in rural Nebraska, just like countless other producers up and down the Platte valley and across the state,’’ he said. Pillen said the facility would meet or exceed state environmental and engineering standards. “The only way anybody in agriculture can stay in business is to be a good steward of the natural resource,’’ he said. Owners of houses or lots on two nearby developments Brandenburgh Lakes and Bellwood Lake opposed the

project, saying potential odor and water contamination from the hog confinement would ruin property values. Elsie Ita, who lives at Brandenburgh Lakes, said she and other homeowners there were disappointed the permits were issued. “We know the Department of Environmental Quality is following the letter of the law, but the letter of the law doesn’t cover everything,’’ she said. Ita said residents at the sand pit lake developments fear a spill or leak at the hog confinement facility will contaminate underground drinking water supplies. Brandenburgh Lakes is on the south bank of the Platte River and northwest of Bellwood. It is about one mile north of the proposed

hog facilities. There are about 90 houses on 110 lots at Brandenburgh Lakes. Bellwood Lake has more than 60 houses. Bruce Brandenburgh of Columbus, whose parents started the housing development, said he is talking with a Lincoln attorney about the possibility of legal challenge to the project. Pillen Family Farms is one of the nation’s largest hog producers. It has 26 sites in Nebraska and three in South Dakota. Among them are three confinement facilities already in Butler County. The state permits include approval of a facility four miles east of Bellwood that would house 12,000 nursery pigs or 6,000 finishing swine. Construction is not imminent at that site, Pillen said.


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Vegan group vandalizes Iowa butter cow Iowans for Animal Liberation claim responsibility for the attack at fair DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — An animal welfare group intent on sending a message in support of veganism hid until closing time then poured red paint over the Iowa State Fair’s butter cow. But the damage was quickly scraped away and visitors never knew the iconic sculpture had been damaged. Iowans for Animal Liberation claimed responsibility for the attack in a news release emailed Aug. 11, saying members hid in the cavernous Agriculture Building on Saturday night and emerged after the fair closed for the day. They then broke into a refrigerated room where the sculpted cow and other butter sculptures are displayed and poured red paint over the cow. The words “Freedom for all” were scrawled on

a display window. “The paint represents the blood of 11 billion animals murdered each year in slaughterhouses, egg farms, and dairies,” the group said in the statement. “We intend this action to serve as a wake up call to all who continue to consume meat, dairy, eggs, leather, and all animal products: You are directly supporting suffering and misery on the largest scale the world has ever known.” Iowa State Patrol Sgt. Scott Bright said Monday that fair staffers discovered the damage Sunday morning. A sculptor scraped off damaged sections of the cow and reapplied new butter while other workers cleaned off paint elsewhere in the room. The display area, which this year also features a sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and a depiction of the Lincoln Highway that crosses Iowa, opened as usual at 9 a.m. Aug. 11. The cow, which is made with about 600

Plan to attend the Irrigated Field Days World-Herald News Service

The Associated Press

In this photo provided by Iowans for Animal Liberation is the 2013 butter cow at the Iowa State Fair in Des Moines, Iowa. Authorities confirmed Aug. 12 that people had gained access to the display, poured red paint over the butter sculpture and scrawled, “Freedom for all,” on a display window. pounds of butter covering a wood and metal frame, has been a part of the fair since 1911. The butter is reused for up to 10 years. Describing the vandalism as “more of an inconvenience than anything else,” Bright said security procedures at the 450 acres fairground in east Des Moines would remain the same. He noted the Agriculture Building, built in

1904, has plenty of hiding places and is usually packed with people, many of whom gather around the butter cow display. “Everyone comes out to see the butter cow,” Bright said. The fair typically attracts more than 1 million visitors annually. “The butter cow looks good now and everything is back to normal,” he said.

SCOTTSBLUFF — The Panhandle No-till Partnership will host a series of field days Aug. 21-22. No-till crop production systems result in lower soil moisture evaporation, improved water infiltration, and improved soil water holding capacities. No-till crop production practices reduce the irrigation water requirements to produce profitable crops in this region with reduced input costs including less irrigation pumping. These field days are open to the public, and everyone who is involved in irrigated production agriculture is encouraged to attend. There will be open discussion including all aspects of no-till crop production on irrigated acres. Paul Jasa, UNL Extension ag engineer

and educational coordinator of the Rogers Memorial Farm, will attend. Jasa is well acquainted with our area and has a vast knowledge of no-till crop production techniques. He will answer any questions regarding equipment considerations when planting into no-till cropping systems. The PNTP Field Days will be held at the following locations: n Aug. 21 — 9 a.m. — Dalton; Mark and Pat Ernest Farm — Field day from 9 a.m. to noon n Aug. 21 — Bridgeport — 2 p.m.; Kirk Laux Farm — Field Day begins at 2 p.m. n Aug. 22 — Alliance — 9 a.m.; Watson Brothers Farm, 1561 CR 61. For more information on these field days contact Mark Watson, 308-760-5259.

This announcement is neither an offer to sell nor a solicitation of an offer to buy any of these Securities. The offer is made only by the Prospectus.

Investments AMERICAN MORTGAGE COMPANY, offers an Investment Note Certificate-Series B. The minimum investment is $1,000.00 and maturities range from 3 months to 10 years. This investment opportunity is available to residents of Nebraska only. The interest rates for new investments are set monthly. The interest rate for the month beginning 08/01/13 is 2% for an investment maturing in 12 months and 3.5% for an investment maturing in 60 months. Accrued interest can be paid quarterly, semi-annually, or annually as requested by investor. Copies of the prospectus may be obtained from E. Dean Niedan, Jackie Pinkerton, Kim Barnhart and Cindi Hill at American Mortgage Company.

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Complete set of Jungle Themed decorations for a child’s bedroom. Inc l u d e s : 2 P a l m Tr e e Shelves, Monkey picture board, Monkey Clock with swinging tail, Monkey Lamp, Set of 3 wall plaques (lion, giraffe, elephant), and 2 picture prints with jungle animals. EXCELLENT CONDITION! Retail at over $300, asking $150. Please call 308-5203318

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from Page 11

mitted from across the state. Be sure the disease has be identified before making a fungicide application since Goss’s wilt and other diseases also are present right now and can’t be directly managed

WHEAT from Page 6

but only about half was good enough for seed he could sell. Those acres yielded about one-third of the normal, he estimated. “We ended up with probably less than 6 to 7 percent of what

with foliar fungicide applications. Goss’s wilt will likely increase after the recent severe storms that have damaged crops. n Physoderma brown spot — Another disease that has begun to develop in Nebraska corn fields is physoderma brown spot. This disease is normally not a con-

cern, except in rare cases, such as on susceptible hybrids exposed to wet conditions, but the lesions are sometimes mistaken for southern rust. For more information about these diseases, visit CropWatch, UNL Extension’s crop production newsletter, at cropwatch.unl.edu/web.

we sold last year,” he said. He is working to secure seed from northern Colorado for his customers, but it could be 20 to 30 percent more expensive than usual to cover expenses. There won’t be nearly enough for everyone either. “I’ve got enough for 25

percent of what I needed,” Scherler said. “It’s just disappointing. It’s like working all year and not getting a check,” said Scherler, who said crop insurance will help keep him afloat. “You have to be tough in this country. The weather is harsh.”

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RUST

AG NEWS AT A GLANCE

Neb. farmer's suit dismissed RAYMOND (AP) — A judge has dismissed a libel lawsuit filed by a Nebraska farmer against an inspector of organic food. Lancaster County District Judge Paul

Merritt Jr. last week granted a summary judgment sought by Evrett Lunquist, of Raymond. Lunquist had been sued by Paul Rosberg, of Wausa. Lunquist performed inspections at Rosberg's farm from 2003 until 2007 and report-

ed Rosberg for suspected fraud to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Rosberg sued Lunquist after an official from the USDA's National Organic Program mistakenly included Lunquist's name in a report about the allegations.


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ALICIA - Adult, female grey tiger stripe. Litter trained. Clean, sleek, well groomed. Calm, relaxed, affectionate. Would love some one on one attention, maybe a single person or older family environment, but suitable for any home! A purrfect catch!

GOOSE - 6-7 year old, neutered male, Yellow Lab. Partially housebroken, likes to be crated at night. Vet checked & is healthy, just malnourished & ready to an indoor dog & part of a caring, loyal family. Good with dogs & kids. Can cat test. Definitely consider this goofy Goose!

BRIGGS - 1-2 year old, intact male, Yellow Lab Blend. Very calm & well mannered for his age. Yearns for companionship & love. Can be kid/cat/dog tested. Loves people - and listening. A real love bug!

BROWNIE - 1 1/2 year old, intact male, Chocolate Lab. Good with kids, can be dog/cat tested. Not housebroken, but smart as can be & ready to learn! Brownie is scared in the kennel, but is a real warm, softie once our of that environment. Come take him for a walk!

CHAT TY CATHY - Young adult, female, Tuxedo. Litter trained. Was very talkative, hence the name, but is becoming sad, depressed and very lonely & bored. Likes to play, likes to be engaged and loves LOVE! Longest feline resident - super ready for a fun family!

JAZZ - 2 year old, intact male, Mixed Breed Blend. He is good with kids & dogs, slow intro's with cats. Gets excited around people, shy & bored in kennel. Poor boy really deserves some pampering and spoils. He would be so grateful for a family to call his own!

KRAMER - 2 year old, intact male, Chocolate Lab/Retriever Blend. Can kid/cat/dog test. Would make a wonderful jogging partner, lake buddy or fishing pal. Energetic & overflows with personality and love for people. Outgoing & just makes you laugh with his vibrancy!

MOLLY - Adult, spayed female, declawed, Tuxedo. Litter trained, good with kids/cats/dogs. Very outgoing & social. Affectionate & loves to be around people. Just got a groovy new haircut, a fresh start for her new family. Is that you? She's purrrecious!

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Westfield Small Animal Clinic 308-534-4480

NORTH PLATTE VETERINARY CLINIC 308-532-0366

308-532-5474

GABBY - 6-7 month old, female, Pointer Blend. Very intelligent, knows 'sit' & 'down'. Possibly housebroken, needs refresher. She's been here far too long for a PUPPY. Beautiful girl, sweet, outgoing, makes you smile instantly. LOVES rawhides!

NORTH PLATTE 308-534-7636 800-303-7636 MAYWOOD 308-362-4228 800-233-4551

Cans for Critters Recycling Program Proceeds benefit the Rescue of Shelter Pets & Homeless Animals of NP Area. Call for Drop Off Locations 520-7762

facebook.com/NPCansforCritters


Farm and Ranch Exchange - August 2013