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October 2010 Vol. 3, Issue 10, Publications Mail Agreement 41188516, ISSN # 1710-4750




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‘Tis the Season to be Scared... By Christine Pilgrim (with files from Tourism Kamloops)

Most families, if they dig hard enough, can find some skeleton in a closet. Most communities can boast some snippet of ghoulish gossip. And Halloween, or All Hallows Eve as it was once known, is the ideal season to share such skeletons and snippets. Indeed, it offers a perfect excuse to celebrate anything that might go bump in the night. According to Vernon psychologist Dr Ralph Maddess, the attraction of Halloween, horror movies, scary stories, ghosts - all that is called 'paranormal' - resonates with the mysterious inner realities passed on from ancient times. “They reside deep in the level of the unconscious mind, just waiting for the opportunity to raise the hairs, tingling all over,” he says. This tingling sensation is a result of our instinctive hormonal response to any threat or crisis. The so-called 'adrenaline rush' increases our mental and physical capacity. It heightens our senses and intuition. And we like it.

Okanagan Science Centre volunteers Dana Mcdonald and Mitch Nystrom (cover), Photo by Sandi Dixon. The Roadhouse at Hat Creek Ranch is one of the most haunted sites in B.C. (above), Photo contributed.

We can get this 'rush' by defending ourselves against a lion in the jungle but it's much safer to attend Caravan Farm Theatre's Walk of Terror or O'Keefe Ranch's October Hauntings where we can escape whenever we choose... Just as we can escape the Ghost Train in Kamloops. Perhaps you've heard the story ... On a dark and stormy Halloween night in 1915, a train carrying 44 passengers and crew left Kamloops Junction destined for the town of Blue River. The train disappeared into a thick fog while passing through Wolfenden and never reappeared. Many have searched, but none have been able to find any trace of the train, the crew, or the passengers... Since the restoration of the 2141 steam locomotive, strange events have taken place around the time of Halloween. Have the spirits been resurrected? Long dead, Rachel Marie Greenfield is always searching for her beloved William who was amongst the sad souls lost on train in 1915. Today, passengers can join Rachel as she searches for her fiance decade after decade. What important role does a journey past St. Joseph's historic church and the graveyard play in this sad tale of lost love? On this one hour train ride visit the priest who performs exorcisms or the fortune teller who can recall your past lives to reveal more of the mystery behind the story of a lost train. The mysterious widow dressed in black and clutching her hatbox has drawn the attention of a particularly gruesome gentleman. Satisfy your yearning for the paranormal by calling 230-374-2141 for times and ticket info. Any local theatre enthusiast knows to never sit in seat Z24 in the Sagebrush Theatre as it is reserved … indefinitely. Seat Z24 hosts the infamous Ghost of Albert (believed to be the late Arnold Mallott) ever since the misplacement of his coffin after the 1939 flood that exposed coffins and upturned tombstones at the site of the Sagebrush Theatre. In the late 1800’s, newspaper articles describe Arnold Mallott as a 23 year old bartender from O’Keefe’s Saloon at Eagles Pass near Revelstoke. He was charged with killing a man he suspected of stealing from his bar and 14 months after his sentencing, he was the first man hanged in Kamloops . Although considered a convict in his previous life, Albert has now been known to watch over those who provide his lonely soul company at the Sagebrush Theatre. Previous events, such as a faint voice instructing a former employee to “clip in“ their harness seconds before a spotlight broke through the front of a catwalk pulling the employee with it, has intrigued employees to consider Albert a savior

and watchman over all of the happenings at Sagebrush Theatre. Those who doubt Albert’s existence are generally quiet on their opinion from previous tales. A former sound technician was the type to laugh at anyone who supported the ghost and would often taunt with the question “Where are you Albert?” therein displaying his lack of respect. It was noted shortly after such occurrences, there were extensive inconsistencies in this said sound technician’s sound cues … Feel free to book your seats for an incredible show at the Sagebrush Theatre and be sure to keep watch of seat Z24 as some claim to have witnessed the seat decline at the start of a show and turn upwards at the end … Many locations are apparently haunted by children who have met untimely ends. Some of them are quite mischievous. In one house, if the presence of the ghost of a little boy was denied, unfortunate minor accidents befell the owner. In another, a phantom boy played with the little girl who lived there ... but only when her mother was out of sight. The boy's existence could be explained as a figment of the little girl's imagination until his footsteps pitter-pattered up and down stairs long after the children were asleep. Then there is the house where a child's cries were often heard from what was once her bedroom. She had died as a result of blood poisoning after the extraction of five teeth. Ironically, that Vernon house has since been converted to a dental surgery. Meanwhile, Hat Creek Ranch just north of Cache Creek enjoys the reputation of being one of the most haunted historic sites in British Columbia. During recent filming of an episode of the television series, Ancestors in the Attic, cameras stopped rolling in the roadhouse when the program host thought he felt a brush with one of those 'ancestors' - namely, a young girl purported to have been murdered there. Soon everyone was convinced of several other apparitions besides that of the girl. Fight-or-flight syndrome set in with a vengeance when the full moon rose, heralding the time when the phantom Wild McLean Gang were to ride the Cariboo Waggon Road which passes by the roadhouse. (The Wild McLeans were four young rabble-rousers who were hung for the murder of the Deputy Sherrif of Kamloops back in the 1870s. The youngest of the gang, Archie McLean, who was born on the ranch, was only 16 at the time. His is the dubious honour of being the youngest person ever to be hung in B.C.)

Continued on page 10


North of 50

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If you’ve been keeping up with my travel blog, you know that Dean and I are somewhere out to sea. I’m writing this editorial from a lounge chair on the Lido Deck, poolside, Latitude 34°N, heading south. By the time you read this we will have travelled down the west coast of Mexico, past Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and on through the Panama Canal. If you’ve picked up your October copy of North of 50° a little later in the month, I may have already been to Aruba, Curacao and Grand Cayman. I cannot possibly come to know each of these places in any meaningful way, considering my short visit, but I appreciate the opportunity to see and learn what I can. With today’s technology one does not have to travel very far to learn about distant places. Books and the internet offer a lot of information, thought that can sometimes be outdated or downright misleading, and actually going places does enhance the experience. To that end, the ship provides information on ports of call and other topics of interest, in the library and in the showroom which occasionally transforms into a lecture hall. Today, I took a seat in the showroom where an American professor was giving a lecture titled, “Canada, Our Sister to the North.” The promotional literature for the lecture said “Canada is the most similar country to the US in the Western Hemisphere and its closest neighbor, yet many [Americans] do not know very much about this important country.” The majority of passengers who chose to attend this lecture on Canada, were Canadians. The professor said Canadian and American governments are good friends. He went on to say that when a dispute arises, the US Secretary of State phones up the Canadian Foreign Minister; they have a little chat and work it out in everybody’s best interest. An over-simplified explanation, but still, I got his point. The audience didn’t agree with the professor’s assessment of the Canadian electoral system, which he considered far superior to the US, mainly because “Canadian politicians do not promise the moon just to get elected.” Canadians trust their elected officials, he claimed, because Canadian politicians actually do what they say they are going to do on the campaign trail. But things started to go awry when he reported that Canada had 9 provinces and 3 territories, the Canadian dollar is worth about 65 cents US and we have a population of 44 million. Canadians are heavy smokers and drinkers, too. (He was not joking) The audience was quick to point out to the speaker the error of his ways. Any notions he may have had about polite Canadians went out the window. A Brit in the audience was offended that the lecturer said Canada was the US’s biggest ally in the fight against terrorism, when that title so clearly belonged to Great Britain. Perhaps the professor got his information from an out-dated internet site. I could have been offended, but in fairness, I probably don’t know as much as I think I do about the United States. I feel confident I could list all fifty states, but I doubt I could fill in the blanks on a map. Ironically, what the professor inadvertently managed to do was prove his own point – that we really do not know much about each other.

TJ Wallis

YOUR LETTERS Dear Editor, I would like to address some of the issues mentioned by the doctors in the article concerning medical cannabis. Unfortunately, I am limited by space, so I would encourage readers to check out http://www.medicalcannabis. com/ for more information and details. Yes, there are some conflicting studies in the literature, but this is true of all topics in science. This is how science works. Over time, however, the bigger picture emerges. The bigger picture for cannabis is that it is objectively safer than most commonly prescribed medications, it is extremely well-tolerated by most individuals, and there are very few (and relatively minor) negative side-effects. In fact, in 1999 the Institute of Medicine’s report concluded that, “The side effects of cannabinoid drugs are within the acceptable risks associated with approved medications”. That cannabis is a safe and effective medicine for a variety of health conditions is fact, not opinion. The doctor claims that THC is incredibly dangerous. This is false. Science and thousands of years of human use say otherwise. In fact, Dronabinol, a synthetic THC pill, is nearly 100% THC and it is approved for use in many countries for a variety of ailments, and it went through rigorous clinical trials. However, many do not tolerate these pills well, precisely because they lack the other active components in raw cannabis, some of which help to counter the “undesirable” effects of THC. For instance, cannabidiol (CBD) has proven anti-psychotic, anticonvulsion, anti-anxiety, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammation properties. The doctor also claims that he suspects more problems would be created than resolved if cannabis were fully allowed as medicine. What problems are those? What does he base that belief on? Not the evidence. The day is coming when cannabis will be fully recognized for its medical value because the evidence is overwhelmingly in its favour. Perhaps more importantly, after decades of research, no causal connection between even heavy chronic cannabis smoking and cancer has been established. That being said, smoke can be avoided through the use of a vaporizer or by ingesting cannabis. Finally, the vast majority of medical cannabis users are adults. Denying responsible adults access to medical cannabis because of an unfounded fear that adolescents will somehow increase their use or that a very small proportion will develop schizophrenia is irrational and inhumane. Moreover, a causal connection between cannabis use and schizophrenia has not been established, despite what the doctor claims. In fact, it is a very complex issue, with some strong research suggesting some benefits for people with schizophrenia, especially if CBD is included. For a good layperson’s article about the complexity of the relationship between cannabis and schizophrenia, see,8599,2005559,00.html I hope this information helps some readers. Sincerely, Rob Callaway

NORTH of 50 October 2010 FAIR COMMENT

Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo

Connecting the Dots

When I was a kid, I was fascinated by “connect the dots” puzzles. Remember those? You started with a page full of seemingly random dots, each numbered, and then drew lines between them in sequence. Almost magically a giraffe or tugboat would begin to take shape on the page. Since I always had trouble drawing straight lines, sometimes my grizzly bear looked a little over weight or my llama had a distinct curvature of the spine, but still, the general outline was clear. Don Sawyer Lately, I’ve been doing the same sort of thing with the cuts our provincial government is making to services across BC. The first dots I encountered were pretty random and disconnected: as a convenor for the Salmon Arm Fair, I discovered that our entire provincial contribution – and provincial support for all 42 fairs – had been eliminated. Then a friend who manages the local art gallery revealed that her operating grant had been eliminated. A little later I received a letter from the editor of BC BookWorld, one of the most respected trade magazines in the country. Their grant had been eliminated over night. A friend who was the regional coordinator for adult literacy mentioned that these critical positions, which served thousands of adults across the province struggling with basic literacy skills, had simply been eradicated. Then I became involved in a local struggle to save endangered wetlands, only to find out that the Ministry of the Environment, already hampered by reduced mandate and shrunken staff, will have its budget further reduced by 11%. Never having seen a windmill not worth tilting at, I took up the cause of Creighton Valley residents in their struggle to stop logging they fear is affecting their water shed. Huh. The Ministry of Forests’ budget, again already cut to the bone, will be slashed by 12% this year, meaning the loss of another 230 people. (No wonder they are depending on the logging companies to look after things. There’s no one minding the store.) I called the Vernon office of the MOT to find out why more and more billboards were popping up along highways. Their staff, I was told, has been cut so drastically they don’t have the capacity to enforce regulations. It’s sad but true: an issue is not a crisis until it affects us personally. So it is with budget cuts. We are like blind men and the elephant: our understanding of the pachyderm is limited by our personal contact with it. So maybe, I thought, maybe my dots were peculiar to me and my associations. Maybe that outline of a slavering beast intent on gobbling up fall fairs and eviscerating whole ministries was my own creation. So I decided to do a little research and see what else was going on out there.

Part of the Green This whole area is desert. Though at first glance, there is enough greenery to give a different impression. That greenery all comes from various canal schemes which draw water from the amazing Amu Darya, the river that moves from far in the Pamir mountains all the way to the dying Aral Sea. If ever there was a mother river, the Amu Darya is it. Canals the size of rivers themselves, syphon off water and branch again and again into smaller waterways Calvin White which criss-cross the land and sustain it. This western region of Uzbekistan is literally on the other side of the planet from B.C., a full 12 time zones ahead. And it’s a neglected and undervalued region, home to the Karakalpak people, an ancient tribal society that to the casual eye would seem fully modern, albeit not affluent. Nukus is the regional capital and holds 300,000 people spread out in low housing, (the apartment buildings as all other buildings with the exception of one are never more than 6 stories high), and connected by wide streets or bumpy lanes. Away from town, neighborhoods and, farther away still, villages dot the flat, barren landscape. It is in these where the grass roots of the region live, those who eke out a living anyway they can, often depending on various pensions from the dictatorship government. Homes are dried bricks of mud covered by more mud. Stark squares or rectangles, sometimes with water and/or electricity, sometimes not. In the winter, cold. In the summer, hot. This is life close to the earth and not so far from what it was hundreds of years before. And in this region tuberculosis runs a course every bit as determinedly as the Amu Darya. One of my counselors in an outlying village got a phone call from 21 year old Achmed. He had been struggling to take his daily regimin of the toxic drugs that are the only way to save his life. He was thinking of dying, wondering if he should just speed up the disease. So, we paid him a visit. After bumping along roads in the middle of nowhere, we came to a large green area of splendid corn. Our vehicle parked, we opened, the rough wooden pole gate and walked through a small potato field and through some corn to get to Achmed’s square mud house. He was happy to see us. All around the house were small plots of either vegetables or corn. Above, the sky was bright blue. Three shining black turkeys strutted across the yard and into the corn. Silence. Idyllic and


•School boards across the province are faced with enormous budget reductions. To attempt to meet the provincial requirement to operate in the black, Kamloops is considering closing 11 schools. •All types of student aid funding -- $16m worth -- is being cut, including support for students on permanent disabilities. •Despite the hoopla about post-Olympic funding, sports groups across BC have seen their provincial support drop by $14m. •The more than 240 public libraries in BC lost over $3m in provincial funding. •The Liberals have cut funding for the “Books for Babies” program, closed literacy centres in 18 remote communities, as well as canned the 16 literacy coordinators already mentioned. •School parent advisory council support has been slashed by $6.7m. •$110m has been cut from school’s facility grants to upgrade and maintain buildings. •While the importance of protecting our scarce farmland increases, the government cut the Agriculture and Lands operating budget by 25%. •Next year, counselling services for women and children exposed to violence, as well as support for transition houses, will be cut by $1.2m. •Tourism BC has been scrapped and funding for tourism overall has been cut by 44%. •Public transit expansion has been scaled back, including a 60% reduction in Kamloops. •While ramping up gambling opportunities, the government has cut gambling addiction service support by 25%. I could go on, believe me, but I think we’ve got enough dots here to form a pretty clear picture. When I take my pencil and connect them, no matter how wiggly my lines are, a pretty nasty animal begins to emerge: A government bent on abrogating responsibility for its two primary functions: protection and empowerment. A government who pretends it’s business as usual while handing oversight of key sectors to private corporations. A government that underwrites a billion dollar Olympics while eliminating a few thousand dollars to support adult literacy. You may not have as many dots on your personal page as others, particularly those who are struggling financially and socially or who are involved in environmental protection, but have a closer look. Tie some of those dots together. Somehow I don’t think you’re going like what you see either. Don Sawyer is a writer, educator and former director of Okanagan College’s International Development Centre. He lives with his wife in Salmon Arm. You can contact Don Sawyer by email at or by mail at Don Sawyer c/o North of 50, Box 100, Armstrong, BC V0E 1B0. For more information on Don’s writing and development work, visit his web site at silent. Achmed grinned at us, and we sat to talk. He explained that it was a mistake to leave the hospital during the hot summer season. To get to the small clinic and his drugs each day, he had to walk 11 kilometres. And then back again while the nauseous, painful side effects set in. This he had to do six days a week unless a nurse brought him out the drugs. He had already been in hospital for 4 months and now home for another 3 months. He had twenty more months to go of all those pills six days every week. It was too much. Achmed has dimples when he smiles. His eyes squeeze to a squint. His round face and close cropped curly hair, a smooth brown, are the epitome of universal youth. Of course, he doesn’t want to die. Right now he is strong, muscular. In just three weeks if the disease awakens, he can begin the decimation that will not stop. He knows that. But what to do? We try to reach into him, to grab a hold of his young spirit and breathe our own life into it, make the coals glow and flicker into flame again. He opens up and agrees to keep going. At least for a while longer. He promises to call out for help if he needs it. Before we leave, we walk together into the high green of the corn field, away from the yard. We stand there in silence just looking into each other’s eyes. Being part of the vibrant corn. Part of the green. Breathing. Smiling. Being alive. The message without words is to indeed, keep living. Achmed walked us back to our vehicle. I mentioned how beautiful it was here, how I would like to live where he does, the good energy I could feel. He laughed and said why? He pointed to the ground where we stood and all around the green plots of his home. “Look at the soil here. It’s all contaminated with salt.” I could see the white caking once he had drawn my attention to it. “And there are wolves out here. They come to our place and kill the cows sometimes. Desert wolves. They kill the cow and only eat its liver. Sometimes the lungs too. The wolf leaves all the rest.” As we drove away I looked back to see Achmed waving. Calvin White is a retired high school counsellor who lives in the North Okanagan. He has over 70 essays published in various Canadian daily newspapers, including the Globe and Mail, the Ottawa Citizen, Toronto Star, Vancouver Sun and Province. If you have any comments on this column, you can write to Calvin White at or to Calvin White c/o North of 50, Box 100, Armstrong, BC , V0E 1B0. Calvin White is currently working with Doctors Without Borders in Uzbekistan, a landlocked former part of the Soviet Union. He will be there for about a year, working with victims of drug resistant tuberculosis and training counsellors to do the same. He continues to submit his columns to North of 50 from there.


Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo

Coming Events New works by Bonnie Keats, October feature artist, presented at the Courthouse Gallery, 7 West Seymour Street, Kamloops. Bonnie creates outstanding functional woodfired pottery in earthtone colours as well as beautiful terracotta murals. At the gallery too, fibre/textiles, painting, glass art, pottery, sculpture, weaving, basketry, hand spun and dyed yarns and woodcarving. Open 10 to 5, Tues to Fri, 10 to 4, Sat. Free parking, handicap accessible. October 2 & 3 - Clinton Annual Art Show, 306 Lebourdais St. Clinton. Opening Night: Friday, October 1, 6 - 9 pm. Show continues October 2 and 3 Saturday and Sunday, 1 - 6 pm. Contact Ursula Begley at 250.459.2447. October 2 ,7:00 pm , 22ND ANNUAL ORIGINAL ART AUCTION @THE K.A.G. Kamloops Art Gallery's biggest annual fundraiser, this year's auction has a pirate's trove of treasures and art for you to bid on. Local, regional and national artists, along with many great businesses, donate original art and fabulous items, which are all up for auction. There will be delectable morsels from At Your Service Catering, Kamloops Art GalleryS official caterer, and live music to make this a memorable evening. A limited number of tickets are on sale starting the first week of September at The Gallery Store for $75 each. You do not want to miss this opportunity to acquire some great art and have a great time while supporting Kamloops Art Gallery. For info call 250.377.2400. October 5 to November 2 - Family Caregiver Series Workshops at the Alzeimer Society Resource Centre from 6:30 - 8:30pm. Five 2 hour sessions that will strengthen the coping abilities of people who are impacted by Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias through: learning about dementia, its progression and the impact it may have on individuals and families; learning practical coping strategies; and encouraging early planning. Please contact us to pre-register as space is limited. Call 250.377.8200 or 1.800.886.6949 or October 7. The Kamloops Symphony Chamber Music Series presents Jacques Thibaud Trio with Anton Kuerti at the Calvary Community Church at 7:30 pm. Tickets and info 250.372.5000 October 7. The Stampeders in concert at the Kamloops Convention Centre. Six of their ten albums went gold, with seven gold singles, including “Carry Me” and “Sweet City Woman”. Tickets are $45. Must be over 19 years old. Buy tickets at Ora Restaurant Lounge at 1250 Rogers Way or by phone at 250.372.5312. October 9, 2010, Sulphurous Lake Thanksgiving Sale sponsored by the Sulphurous Lake & Distirct Volunteer Fire Fighters; Baking, Crafts, Books, Christmas Items, Yard Sale Items. Kitchen will be open for snacks and Lunch. Sale will be from 10am2pm. For info call 250.593.4878 or 250.593.4183. October 9. Show & Talk by Brad Wrobleski, widely published and hot, stock photographer specializing in adventure, lifestyle and landscape photography. Get hints and tips for action, adventure photography. (The 2011 Western Canada Summer Games are coming! Eh!). At TRU Alumni Theatre, Clocktower Building. Tickets available at Kamloops

Live Box Office 250.374.5483 or on-line www. October 11. Celebrate Thanksgiving at the Teddy Bear Picnic at The BC Wildlife Park. Info at 250.573.3242 October 16. Sabrina Weeks & Swing Cat Bounce CD Release Party at the Plaza Hotel in the Blackwell Hall. The doors open at 7pm. The show will open with a set performed by the talented Dodie Goldney. Advanced tickets are available at the Plaza hotel or by calling 250-572-4427 Tickets are $15 in advance and $20 at the door. $25 gets you a ticket and a CD. CDs will available at the event for $15. Get your tickets fast. There are going to be contests and giveaways and loadS of good clean fun. This show will sell out and there are only 100 tickets for sale. Check out our website at: October 16th - 7 pm at the Barnhartvale Community Hall - the first Barnhartvale coffeehouse of the 2010-2011 season. Our featured performers will kick off our season bluegrass style. "Loose Rooster" a.k.a. Jim Karr, Dan Fremlin, Doug Noel will be our special guests. As always, 'open mic' for local musicians. Admission $5.00 for non performers. Kamloops' original coffee house...great music, great coffee, great goodies. October 16. Dr. Hook in Concert at the Kamloops Convention Centre. The pop-country rock band formed around Union City, New Jersey in 1969 and are best known for their hits The Cover of the Rolling Stone, Sylvia's Mother, Sexy Eyes and When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman. Doors at 7pm show at 8pm Tickets $45. Must be over 19 years old. Buy tickets at Ora Restaurant Lounge at 1250 Rogers Way or by phone at 250.372..5312. October 21 to 30. Western Canada Theatre presents Shirley Valentine by Willy Russell at the Sagebrush Theatre. Reprising her Dora and Jessie Award-winning performance, Canadian theatre star Nicola Cavendish will lead you on a comedic and touching journey. For tickets call 250.374.5483 October 22 to 24. Kamloops Fall Home Show at Interior Savings Centre. Friday, 5 to 9 pm. Saturday, 10 am to 6 pm. Sunday 10 am to 4 pm. Admission is free. October 22. Ghost Train. On a dark and stormy Halloween night in 1915, a train carrying 44 passengers and crew left Kamloops Junction destined for the town of Blue River. The train disappeared into a thick fog while passing through Wolfenden and never reappeared. Many have searched, but none have been able to find any trace of the train, the crew, or the passengers... Since the restoration of the 2141 steam locomotive, strange events have taken place around the time of Halloween. Have the spirits been resurrected? Join them on the 1-hour long Ghost Train as they tell their story and settle their restless souls. Reservations are required as these trips consistently sell out. Call 250.374.2141 October 22. Fiery Rumba Flamenco guitar with Flamenco dancer and cantaora. John Gilliat and his fabulous Flamenco quartet along with Stephanie Pedraza, an international Flamenco singer are tHrilled to be performing at the North Shore Community Centre. Doors open 6:30pm . Show starts at 7:30pm. $28 adults and $20 youth October 23. Lac La Hache Oktoberfest at the LLH Community Hall. Doors open at 5pm, tickets are

NORTH of 50 October 2010 $25. Live Music by Alphenlandmusikanten. Games, Yodelling Contest, 50/50 Draw, Door Prizes, Special Motel Rates, Free Dry Camping at Rolf Zeis Arena. Volunteers needed. For info phone 250.396.4791. October 23. Annual 2010 SPCA Dinner & Auction, 100 Mile House. Valley Room at The Lodge, behind Red Coach Inn. Doors open 4:30pm, dinner 5:30pm, auction 7:00pm. BJ"s Catering Dinner. Tickets $20 available at K9 Pack Pal, Free Press, North Country Insurance, Total Pet, Lakeland Vet Clinic. October 29, 8pm - HALLOWEEN MASH BASH at the Kamloops Convention Centre. This the THE Halloween Party to attend in Kamloops. Dress in your best as there is a $500.00 cash prize for Best Costume! Tickets $20.00 Call or visit ORA Restaurant Lounge for tickets 250.372.5312. Oct 31, 4th Annual "Halloween Town" Celebration at the S.C. Rec Centre, 100 Mile House. 6pm - 9pm; events include a community bonfire, a haunted house, skating, cartoon-type scary movies on the big screen; fireworks. For info call 250.395.1353 or email kfoote@ November 6. The Thompson Valley Potters and Weavers Guilds are hosting their annual fall sale at the Desert Gardens Community Centre located at 540 Seymour St. from 10am-4pm. There will also be a free draw for a $50 gift certificate. November 5th - MOUNT PAUL UNITED CHURCH TO HOST NIBBLERS’ DELIGHT. Have you ever wished you knew exactly what those recipes in your cookbooks tasted like? On Friday, November 5th, at 7:00 p.m. Mount Paul United Church will be hosting a special fundraising dinner allowing you just that opportunity. At their Nibblers’ Delight dinner, diners will taste just a “nibble” from six selections each of appetizers, salads, soups, vegetables, meat dishes, and desserts. In addition to an evening of fine dining, complete with music and beverages, guests will receive a special cookbook featuring recipes for the dishes being sampled. Tickets for the Nibblers’ Delight are $25 each and are available by calling Mount Paul United Church at 250-376-2261. Please note that Mount Paul United Church is a scent free environment. Call for Entry: The Courthouse Gallery Cooperative calls for entry to the 3rd annual Christmas at the Courthouse fine art and craft sale Nov. 27&28. This is a juried event, application forms available at the Courthouse Gallery, 7 West Seymour Street, open Tues to Fri, 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 4.

Heffley Creek Community Hall October Events Crib Nights every Monday at 7pm, $5 per player. Call Betty 250.578.7348. Cubs & Scouts every Thursday from 6-8pm. Call Anne 250.578.0291. October 8 - Coffee House from 7-11pm. Call Bilf Bennett 250.578.2083. October 23 - Dance: Country & Ballroom with Carl McLaughlin & Jan from 8-12pm, $10 per person, tickets at the door. Call 250.314.9771. October 31 - Halloween Party. Call Grey 250.578.8328.

NORTH of 50 October 2010

Community Events 100 Mile House

100 Mile Legion AllVeterans get-togethers are held Saturdays at 2 p.m. at the legion. Meat draws at 3 p.m. For more information call 395-2511. Creekside Seniors Centre offers activities for seniors such as pool, darts, bridge, whist, cribbage and carpet bowling. For more information call (250)3953919. South Cariboo Farmers' Market - Open from 1st Friday in May to Last Friday in September - Fri 8:30am to 1:30pm. Farmfresh produce, bedding plants & perennials, baking; local craftsmen including woodworking, painting, jewelry; clothing, baby items, honey, BC salmon, hot food items, and much more... For info call Karen Greenwood at 250395-3580. 108 Newcomers Group. First and third Thursday of every month at 10:30 am in the Community Centre upstairs room. Meet other newcomers over a cup of coffee in an informal setting. Dropin fee: $2. Caroline 7919250. The Spinners and Weavers meet every first Friday at the Parkside Art Gallery, at 385 Dogwood Crescent from 10 am to 2pm interested people can contact our president Unni at: http:// www.trollheimenweaving. com/


Barriere Survivors meet 2nd Monday of the Month 10:30 am to 12:30 @ Volunteer Centre. Anyone who has suffered a Brain Injury Ph. Kamloops Brain Injury Assoc (250) 3721799 ask for John Alzheimers/Dementia Support Group 1st Thursday of each month from 10:00a.m. to 11:30 a.m. at Volunteer Centre on Barriere Town Rd. Phone 250-377-8200 or 1-800-886-6946.


Chase Village Friday Evening Market 4-7 pm. Local produce, baked goods, and arts & crafts.


BIG Little Science Centre PUBLIC HOURS 2009 2010 Discover & Explore Fun Science. Enjoy TWO FULL Rooms with over 130 Hands-on Stations. Thursdays and Fridays 3:00 PM to 5:00 PM. Saturdays 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM. With a Special Activity or Show at 11:00 AM and 1:00 PM. Closed Sundays and Holidays. For more information contact: Gord Stewart at: 250-5542572 or 250-319-0689 E-mail: Wonder Cafe Soup Kitchen at Mt. Paul United Church, 140 Laburnum Ave. (Kamloops North Shore), serves hot lunch every Thursday from 11a.m. to 1p.m. Kamloops Ostomy Support Group meets at 7 pm on first Thursday of month at Medichair, boardroom. 210-450 Landsdowne Street, contact for info: Ken at 250-8190315 or Evelyn at 250-8286647. Pottery classes for the Fab 55+. Discover or rediscover the great feeling of creating in clay- Hand building, sculpture, coils or slabs. Held every Tuesday from 1-3:30PM at Heritage House pottery studio in Riverside Park. $5 for non members $3 for members. Free clay is available for small projects and fee covers firing, glazing and use of tools. For more information contact Diane Britt at 5732604 or 377-8793. The local chapter of Green Drinks International ( will meet on the first Monday of each month.  November 2nd, 5:30 pm to 7:00 pm.  Green Drinks is a nonprofit  social group. Topics discussed in the past include gardening, green home building,  air pollution, home canning, straw bale houses!Mary Ellen Grant or 250.371.7172  Kamloops Garden Club Meets every 4th Wed. of the month in Heritage House at 7:00 pm. Jeanette Moslin (250) 372-9669. The Wells Gray Country Seniors Society meet the first Wednesday of each month at 10 a.m. at the


Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo Resource Centre; Third Sunday Seniors Social at 1p.m. in the Munroe Room at Wells Gray Inn; Seniors Book Club meet on the fourth Thursday of each month in the Clearwater library. Contact Lois Geiger, lgeiger@mercuryspeed. com. The Kamloops Raging Grannies is a non-partisan group of women who use humor to actively raise the consciousness of citizens through peaceful means to promote positive change within our communities. More info 372-3105. Tuesday afternoon cribbage at the McArthur park lawn Bowling Clubhouse (beside NorBroc Stadium) at 1:30 p.m. Everyone welcome. No partners needed. Crib, coffee and good company. Call 250-579-0028. Are you a breast cancer survivor looking for fun, fitness and friendship? The Spirit Warrior dragon boat team is a great group of women who meet Tuesdays & Thursdays at 5:45 pm at Pioneer Park in Kamloops. We are looking for more members, no experience required! Call Liama at 377-1947or Midge at 374-2566 or e-mail or go to for more information. Bridge at Desert Gardens Community Centre, every Tuesday, at 12:30 p.m. 540 Seymour Street. For info call (250) 372-5110. The Alzheimer Society of BC, Central Interior, 543 Battle St. Kamloops, offers programs and services for people whose lives are affected by Alzheimer’s disease or a related dementia. Programs and services include education workshops and information and support groups for family caregivers and for people diagnosed with early dementia. Call 250-3778200 or 1-800-866-6946. Interior Authors Group, a group that brings people together who are interested in the art of writing, meets the second Wednesday of the month at the Kamloops Art Gallery, 465 Victoria St., at 7p.m. Call Ted Joslin, 250-374-8910. Join a fun men’s and women’s a cappella chorus, The Hub City Singers, in

rehersals every Tuesday, 7 to 9p.m., at the Old Yacht Club, 1140 River St. Members don’t have to be able to read music. Call 250-578-7503. Seniors Dance with the Golden Serenadors every second Friday of the month at the North Shore Community Centre, 730 Cottonwood Ave.  Admission $4 Call 250-376-4777 PATCHS, a grassroots community-based group working to achieve positive changes in the health care system, meets the first Monday of each month at Kamloops United Church, 421 St. Paul St., at 6:30p.m. Call Rick, 250-579-8541 or email Kamloops Ostomy Support Group meets at 7 pm on first Thursday of month. Contact: Ketina at 250-571-1456. Kamloops Family History Society meets the 4th Thursday of each month at Heritage House, 100 Lorne St., Riverside Park, 7-9 pm (Sept to May). Guests and new members are welcome. For info call 250-579-2078. CNRailroaders Crib night is held on the First & Third Thursday's of each month at 7pm at the Parkview Activity Centre, 500 McDonald Avenue. Admission one dollar, includes tea, coffee and goodies. Everyone is welcome.

5:30-8:30PM Members and Guests always welcome Carpet Bowling for Seniors, Mondays & Thursdays from 10:30 11:30 am at the Gymnasium or Mezzanine at the Lillooet & District REC Centre, 930 Main Street. Drop In Fee. 50+ Fitness at the REC Centre. aerobic style fitness class, Nov. 10-3, 9-10 am, $56 Phone (250) 256-7527 Lillooet Quilters Guild meet the last Wednesday of the month at 7pm at the Friendship Centre September thru June.

Logan Lake

Logan Lake Seniors holds Bingo Fridays 1-3, 80 150 Opal, Village Centre Mall. Call (250) 523-2759.


Bingo Tuesdays at 1 p.m. at the Merritt Senior

Did you know? North of 50° is online -You can view the current and past issues on-line. -Every week we bring you a new video on a variety of topics. -Join us on Facebook.


ESL Coffee Circle Practice your English skills every Saturday from 10 to 11 a.m. at the Merritt Library. Frosty Fridays at Merritt Legion - Hamburgers served every Friday at the Merritt Legion from 5:30 to 6:30 p.m.


Join us for exercise Wednesday and Friday mornings at 8:45 a.m. OAPO Branch 129, 6605 Buie Road/Savona Access Road. Call Jennier Coburn for more info at (250) 3730081.

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Lac La Hache

Royal Canadian Legion Branch 66 737 Main Street Lillooet BC 250-256-7332 Meat draws every Friday

Join the Toastmasters to gain confidence! They meet every Tuesday at 5:00 pm at the Merritt Library.

Wii CLASSES Tuesday afternoons from 1-3pm anyone can drop in and play Wii Bowling at the North Shore Community Centre (730 Cottonwood Ave), instructed by Sheena. Dropin cost is $1. Other games are available to be played, depending on the interest of the group. OAPO #176 Pioneer Centre offer several activities, such as pool, bridge, Canasta, square dancing, contra, rounds, pilates, and general exercise. For more information call Ron 250.396.7298, Agnes 250.396.7231 or Hazel 250.396.7698

Centre. Rummoli and Pool Fridays at 7 p.m. 2202 Jackson Avenue.

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NORTH of 50 October 2010

Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo


Story & photos by Lisa Harrison Above: Full-time plant manager, Eugene Unruh (top left) donates his time to the Okanagan Gleaners. Thirteen year old Benjamin Vander Kooi (top right) is a 4th year Gleaners participant! Left: Esther and Juerg Salzgeber (forefront), with Engilina Vanlaar (background)

“There were 10 of us who started the Gleaners because we saw how much food was wasted in the fields while there are starving people in the world.” In 1994, the group asked for help and an orchardist offered the use of a portion of his land including an old barn. “At that time, we didn’t even know if it was going to work but we needed $4,000 to put a roof on the barn. People responded with donations.” With the new roof in place, they extensively renovated the barn and built a covered outdoor work area. Once food processing began, they discovered that their original plan to dry food in the open air was impractical. Soon, one of the founders produced a donation of industrial dryers from a fruit processor in Okanagan Falls.

“It’s a hungry world—you feel like you’re doing something very necessary here,” says Joel Vander Kooi, one of the 65 volunteers at the Okanagan Gleaners in Oliver, B.C. this morning. He is part of a group from Calgary who have come for a week to prepare vegetables for soup mix that will feed people around the globe. In the evenings, Joel, his family, and dozens of other volunteers sleep beneath the plum trees in the orchard.

In February of this year, Cookson Motors contributed a 2001 Freightliner truck. Currently, two refrigeration trucks parked on the property keep bins of vegetables from rotting in the summer heat; the barn lacks space for refrigerators. Working from 8:30 a.m. to approximately 12:30 p.m. with a short break, volunteers typically process enough to fill the dryers to maximum capacity. So far, the Gleaners have never run short of food.

“In one week, we’ve been told we’ll make nearly 200,000 meals,” Joel continues. “On the map in the break room, you see photos of some of the people who have received the food – smiling faces from people in the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, Haiti and other places. We’re waiting for a truckload of soup mix to get into Haiti but customs officials want bribe money. It’s crazy. Anyway, you just keep on keeping on and it gets there eventually.” Not even corruption can dampen his buoyant spirit as he continues peeling piles of onions. Young children help by delivering pails of fresh water to the worktables. For four hours, cheerful conversation never distracts the group from their task.

Eugene Unruh, the plant manager, smiles at the irony of the operation. He nods in the direction of the barn, which houses the dryers, barrels, kitchen and washrooms. “This is a 1920s tobacco barn that used to produce something that kills people and now it’s put to use to save lives.” He also points out that the entire operation exists because of consumers’ food preferences.

Since 1996, when the Okanagan Gleaners completed their first batches of soup mix and dried fruit, they have produced nearly 40 million meals for people in 55 countries. Last year was their most productive to date: 7.2 million servings. The Gleaners’ achievement is all the more remarkable because it is accomplished entirely with donated produce, equipment and labour. Even the full time plant manager with a young family is a volunteer. Bob Ellis, one of the founders of the Gleaners, reveals that the operation was, and continues to be, a leap of faith.

“About 40 to 50 percent of what is grown gets thrown out. Nutrition has really nothing to do with it—it’s all appearance. Cherries are a perfect example. When it rains, water sits in the top of the cherry and, if they’re ripe, it splits the top leaving a brown mark. All those cherries get thrown out but they are some of the sweetest cherries, if you ask me.” The Gleaners receive apples with blemishes, carrots that are too short, misshapen potatoes and other ‘defective’ produce. Eugene picks up one of the onions from the table. “These come from Walla Walla, Washington. The sorting plant throws out about 200,000 pounds daily because they are too big or too small.” The Gleaners also receive more than 1,000 bins of produce per year from Lucerne Foods (a Safeway supplier) including 45,000 kilograms (100,000 pounds) of

NORTH of 50 October 2010

Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo

yellow beans that arrived this August. Smaller, regular contributions arrive from local farmers. Every two years, a church group in Saskatchewan buys and sends the Gleaners 26,000 kg (58,000 lb) of protein-rich yellow peas. Once all the produce is dried in January or February, the Gleaners begin mixing and packaging the soup. The final recipe depends on the previous year’s harvest, but typically, it contains Brussels sprouts, onions, Rae McClure and Jamison Plett tomatoes, carrots, peppers, beans, broccoli, cauliflower, beets, turnips, potatoes, peas, lentils and pot barley. There are 15 cups of mix in each bag. The recipients add 100 cups of water (or 50 cups to make stew), let it soak then heat it. “Most of the food is distributed by Christian organizations like World Vision and New Beginnings Ministries, but of course it doesn’t have to end up feeding Christians. We help everyone regardless of their beliefs,” says Eugene. Individuals can also join the humanitarian effort. “If somebody is going to Mexico to help at an orphanage and they want to take two suitcases of soup mix with them, they can apply.” The Gleaners frequently give excess produce to local soup kitchens, food banks and street ministries. The desire to ease the suffering of more than two billion undernourished people on the planet is compelling. On a return trip to volunteer, I join teens and adults in scrapping dried tomatoes from Teflon sheets then clean fresh peppers. My tablemate owns the bussing company that brought a youth group. The pace is fast but the work and company are very pleasant. As the first operation of its kind in Canada, the Okanagan Gleaners inspired the establishment of four others in Abbotsford, B.C., Coldstream, B.C., Medicine Hat, Alta., and Cambridge, Ont. Bob and Eugene have gladly shared their knowledge with these groups to help them sort out logistical, zoning and other challenges. Through the dedication of these gleaners six days a week for 14 years, an untold number of lives have been saved. Okanagan Gleaners Society, Oliver, B.C., 250.498.8859 North Okanagan Valley Gleaner’s Society, Coldstream, B.C., 250.545.1672 Fraser Valley Gleaners Society, Abbotsford, B.C., 1.866.772.7070 Prairie Gleaners Society, Medicine Hat, Alta., 403.529.9673 Ontario Christian Gleaners, Cambridge, Ont., 519.624.8245


True Value of our Forests

By Bob Harrington

Canada could profit from Franklin Roosevelt’s insight that forests are more than a resource and are an essential, integral part of the community of life. Roosevelt described himself in Who’s Who as a tree-grower. He took particular delight in reforesting the eroded wastes of his acreage at Hyde Park, New York. Aware of their importance, he planted as many as 50,000 trees a year. He stated that “the forests are the lungs of the land, purifying our air and giving fresh strength to our people.” Groping to solve U.S. employment problems, he established the Civilian Conservation Corps. By 1935 a half million young men served in semi-military conditions in CCC camps. They planted 2 billion trees on logged-over land, built small dams for erosion control, thinned four million acres of trees, built trails, stocked millions of fish and built more than 30,000 wildlife shelters. A buddy of mine, during our military life, commented that he got his first pair of shoes in the CCC. Today’s stricken economy could be vastly relieved by an Earth Restoration program (a new CCC) that could employ many individuals and pay for itself. This could help us to realize that our health stems from the health of our planet. Here are facts that will help substantiate a planet restoration effort in Canada. No matter how we dodge the fact that all wealth is Earth wealth and in spite of colossal human ego, we are individually and collectively Earthlings. Economists have published information about forests that we should know. It has been stated that a tree that lives fifty years provides free, $196,250 worth of ecological benefits. For example, a single 50-year-old tree has produced $31,250 worth of oxygen, $62,500 in air pollution control, $31,250 in soil fertility and erosion control, $37,500 in recycling water and controlling humidity, $31,250 in shelter for wildlife, and $2,500 worth of protein. Left uncut, many species will produce natural services of increasing value for centuries. Roughly this means that a single tree averages $4,000 worth of benefits every year of its life. As dead wood it will produce revenue that is only .3 percent of its value if left as a live standing tree. (G. Tyler Miller Jr.: Living in the Environment p. 178.) The Pembina Institute in Canada, using Munich Re’s (one of the world’s largest re-insurance companies) carbon value estimates, places the value of the current total carbon stored in Canada’s boreal “carbon bank account”(forests and peatlands) at $3.7 trillion. A special fund, based on this wealth, could be utilized for land restoration- particularly reforestation, which if you think a moment would be paid back as the trees matured. Procrastination about massive replanting is ignorance that evades our moral responsibility to repair planetary health sadly abused by deforestation. Large standing trees are major carbon storage entities, and we sorely need them as such. Forest restoration should be a prime ecological and economic goal. In Canada we could aim at restoring the headwaters of many major rivers. In the US the entire watershed of the Mississippi River including such tributaries as the Missouri and Ohio Rivers and their own watersheds could be reforested. Yes, this would be a massive effort but would eventually stop the devasting floods which are continual problems. This is exactly the sort of action we must take if we expect the planet to tolerate our continuation as a species. Since everything in nature is connected, our falling water supplies are also related to deforestation. “During rainfalls, bare soil may take in some 5,500 gallons of water, per acre per hour. Ground covered with growth such as bushes or grasses can absorb some 25,000 gallons per acre per hour. Forests however act like sponges and can absorb more than 100,000 gallons per acre. If rainfall does not exceed .4 inches per hour, good forest land will continue to absorb and store up to up to 17 inches of rain – more then 400,000 gallons per acre.” (See: Water: Miracle of Nature by Thompson King.) Forest industries, abetting corporate confusion of the public, deliberately subvert this truth. They contend that cutting forest increases water supply. They fail to mention that this increase occurs in the spring when snow melt is uncontrolled by vegetation. It might be well to ponder Robert Ingersoll’s observation that “In nature there are neither rewards nor punishments – there are consequences.” Check out Bob’s latest book, Testimony for Earth: A Worldview to Save the Planet and Ourselves $23. PP. 1 250 369 2281



Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo

NORTH of 50 October 2010

'TIS THE SEASON TO BE SCARED... cont'd from page 3 Being frightened is but one aspect of Halloween. Many enjoy frightening others. Psychologists explain this as another normal primitive pleasure that derives from territorial rivalries, viz., the showmanship of war, from masks and warpaint to the modern display of weaponry. The late Patrick Mackie was a master at fear-mongering. He would point out the coffin-shaped box in his attic to local Grade 3 students as they toured his splendid Arts and Crafts style house in Coldstream. Then he would slowly open the lid of the box, silently step back ... and .... SCREEEAM! The youngsters rarely noticed the harmless dummy that lay within; they were too busy screaming themselves. Some remained genuinely frightened but most emerged animated and eager to tell of their experience ... not to mention the historical tidbits they had picked up along the way. It seems visitors will always flock to see, hear, touch or smell the 'unearthly phenomena' presented at Halloween sites like the North Okanagan Science Centre's week-long haunted house event because, as psychologists agree, after we have been thoroughly terrified, we connect to a small degree with our forebears who had to overcome nature's savagery in order to survive. Like them, we feel victorious and triumphant after being tested.



“It's cathartic,” says my friend, as she dangles a furry toy spider down my back. After I stop screaming, I agree. So here's to a cathartic, scary but safe Halloween!



NORTH of 50 October 2010


Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo


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Thompson/Nicola/South Cariboo

Take a Wild Ride on 97 By Jim Couper

Last month, travel writer, Jim Couper, started us on a journey to the north end of Hwy 97. This month, the story continues … At nearly 150 years of age the mountain town of Barkerville has an incredible history that includes being burned to the ground and then rebuilt, and having various revivals and desertions. After gold was found in 1862 the population ballooned and it became one of the biggest cities west of Chicago and north of San Francisco. Barkerville had enormous political power because of its gold and was vital to the creation of Canada. The east wanted the gold and B.C. wanted the benefits of joining the growing country so in return for a rail connection B.C. signed into the Dominion in 1871. The section of Highway 97 that has been under your wheels since Cache Creek was once the Cariboo Wagon Road, built solely to serve Barkerville. Today the town may not have many gold miners, but a cast of old-time characters roam the streets putting on spontaneous performances, directing tours of the dozens of restored business and answering questions in the guise of a resident from the era of oro. Despite being slightly north of the lower third of the province, in terms of highway distance, Prince George serves as the gateway to the north. Its rambling railway museum has a tiny train for tours that complements the little steam train that chugs around Fort George Park, plus it houses a modern art gallery, library, museum and other cultural attributes that may surprise many. Things get interestingly quirky at Chetwynd where artisans have wielded chainsaws to create carvings that dot the landscape: the info centre provides maps for self-guided tours. Dawson Creek, just 100 km. along the road (due east almost to Alberta) owes much of its existence to the creation of the Alaska Highway. The famous military road was pushed through from here to Fairbanks, Alaska, in eight months in 1942 to protect the northern U.S. from a Japanese invasion. Both a cairn and Milepost 0 mark the starting point and a highway museum and rail museum explain how Dawson Creek served as a staging spot for the start of the road. From here to the Yukon the highway signs say 97, but most call it the Alaska Highway. Before Fort St. John the vast Peace River Valley opens unexpectedly and the incredible vista thrusts first-time visitors forward in their seats with mouths

Incredible destinations. Unique experiences. Endless possibilities.

Vancouver Theatre Weekend: Nov 18


Leavenworth Christmas Lighting: Dec 1

for more information on these or other Experiences $395

Christmas in Victoria: Dec 22


Christmas at the Pan Pacific Hotel: Dec 23 $895 Salute to Vienna in Vancouver: Jan 1


Palm Springs Winter Escape: Feb 12


Visit our booth at the Kamloops Fall Home ShowOctober 22-24, 2010 and enter our draw!

Kamloops: 250-374-0831 800-667-9552

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agape. This fertile area contains most of British Columbia’s farmland. Fields yellow with canola spread to the horizon. An unremarkable steel bridge crosses a turbulent river, but a side road to the east passes over Kiskatinaw Bridge, the only Alaska Highway original still standing, and the only curved wooden bridge in Canada, so it is claimed. The best of the journey comes last. In addition to abundant wildlife Muncho Lake (don’t miss Toad River Lodge’s biggest baseball cap collection) provides the best scenery plus Summit Pass (1300 metres) the highest elevation on all the Alaska Highway. The museum at Fort Nelson, the town’s only attraction, highlights white-bearded, old-timer Marl Brown explaining centuryold cars, plus tours of a Hudson Bay house and acres of machinery of unknown origins. It’s a $4 bargain. Just when you think you’ve experienced everything a highway can offer, the most unexpected pleasure of the north pops up before the Yukon border: Liard hot springs. A bubbling brook plus a placid pool where water ranges from a skin-scalding 53 C to a refreshing 15 C invite a soaking. One can stroll among ferns and hanging gardens and nearby are leg-stretchers to Smith Falls and Whirlpool Canyon. The end of Highway 97 presents choices. Option one: continue to Whitehorse and Dawson City in the Yukon: highly recommended. Option two: U-turn, head home and catch some of the attractions such as art galleries, canyons and waterfalls that were missed. This could include a slightly different route that takes in Hudson’s Hope and the dinosaur remains that were unearthed when building dams for hydro-electric plants, but misses Dawson Creek. Option three: continue to Watson Lake in the Yukon, put up a sign in the signpost forest, and return via the Cassiar Highway (#37, 16). Option one was my choice with a loop through Tok, Alaska, and a return via the Cassiar Highway, which I had never driven. This plan was thwarted by Mother Nature when she washed out the road to Tok and then set a forest ablaze so the Cassiar was also closed. No problem, Highway 97 is such a joy that a return along it doubles the pleasure. Total trip distance to the northern end of 97 and return is a totally enjoyable 3,800 km. Allow six months to see everything; otherwise two to four weeks should suffice.

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Irrepressible Bangkok:

Why Bangkok is such a Great City

Bangkok is full of surprises. With the recent political confrontations prompting vigorous debate about Thailand’s reputation as the ‘Land of Smiles,’ that sounds like an understatement. But one of its greatest attractions is a nonstop capacity to amaze. The pulsating urban energy comes from Thai culture’s ability to absorb dramatic change and outside influence while keeping its vital essence.

By Philip Cornwal-Smith

Shopping mall operators and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration have provided space for displaced shop-owners to maintain their businesses. Residents have already splurged on the discounted wares. Now tourists can expect a lot more sales, promotions and festive markets, reinforcing Bangkok’s reputation for value. STREET LIFE

Throughout a roller-coaster history, Bangkok has survived many harrowing turns — not least the Asian economic crash of 1997 — and rebounded not just fast, but with flair. This time, as soon as the Red Shirt rally ended in late May, the city sprang back up on its feet, dusted itself down and applied its irrepressibly positive, practical spirit. Within days, Bangkok began to recoup the zesty character that has made it one of the most visited, awarded and fondly regarded world cities. To the millions who have visited or lived here, Bangkok appeared unfamiliar as the protests escalated. That’s true of any city during a spasm of political unrest. Yet most of Bangkok stayed untouched throughout. In the aftermath, most of the Ratchaprasong and Siam Square shopping districts remain intact and operating as before. Returning visitors will recognise the city they remember.

Much of Bangkok’s appeal derives from the vibrant street life. Entrepreneurs turn any occasion into a market infused with sanuk — the easy-going Thai sense of fun. Roving vendors bring food, goods and local colour to daily life. Now this culture of flexible improvisation ensures continuity through the city’s recovery. Bangkok’s most authentic retail experience remains the market, whether for shopping, looking for souvenirs or simply browsing. Dozens of bazaars span the capital, from herb-scented wet markets and the textiles hub of Pratunam to the specialist lanes of Chinatown and the old wooden markets revived at the city’s edge. None integrates more with metropolitan life than the vast Chatuchak Continued on page 14


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IRREPRESSIBLE BANGKOK: cont'd from page 13 Weekend Market. Every segment of society heads there to seek serendipity, inspiration, regional foods and a laid-back social scene. MORE MALLS THAN BEFORE Thais also take their market culture indoors. Bangkok boasts several of Asia’s biggest malls, brimming with international brands and emergent Thai labels. On the mile-long ‘Ratchaprasong Shopping Street’ between Central Chidlom and Siam Square, all the malls bar two now trade as normal. CentralWorld will reopen in stages and the BMA has pledged to upgrade the area’s public spaces. As Bangkok develops, its affluent suburbs gain destination attractions. During Ratchaprasong’s temporary closure, the spotlight moved to chic new malls beyond downtown. At the end of March, the semi-outdoors K Village lifestyle mall opened where Sukhumvit Soi 26 meets Rama IV Road. Near Suvarnabhumi Airport, the former Seri Centre on Srinakharin Road emerged in April from total transformation into the luxury mall Paradise Park. The recently launched Crystal Design Centre on the Ekamai-Ramindra Road also came into its own as Asia’s biggest integrated design complex. In a measure of Thai retail verve, Bangkok ironically emerged from the protest period with even more shopping options. CREATIVITY DRAWS ON TRADITION The local products now marketed in Bangkok boutiques and abroad reveal a key progression in Thai society, from rural produce to urban wares, from crafts to creativity, from artefacts to art. Aspects of high culture and folk wisdom persist in authentic settings, notably food, herbalism, textiles and artisanship. Now a new generation parlays those strengths into gourmet cuisine, spas, catwalk fashions, contemporary art and stylish products infused with indigenous materials and a sense of Thainess. Innovative institutes like Thailand Creative and Design Centre (TCDC) and Bangkok Art & Culture Centre (BACC) nurture and showcase this resourceful artistry. YOUTH CULTURE Much of Bangkok’s momentum derives from its expressive youth and indy subculture. The informal economy enables entrepreneurs to experiment with their ideas in thousands of tiny shoplets and stalls, before founding their own brands. Siam Square, buzzing with students, designers and indie creatives, drives the pulse of Thai pop culture and fuels new industries. A score of galleries hold publicly accessible exhibition openings for the region’s liveliest art scene, which has generated many internationally collected artists. Just as the rally ended, one of Thailand’s new wave film directors, Apichatphong Weerasetthakul, became the first Southeast Asian to win cinema’s highest honour, the Palme d’Or at Cannes. That same week, the country’s foremost dancer, Pichet Klunchun, premiered a touring production at Singapore Art Festival, translating Thai tradition to a global audience. Bangkok designers, too, continue to win plaudits abroad for their fashion and furniture. These young achievers are all the fruit of Bangkok’s fertile creative seedbed.

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the world’s broadest ranges of ethnic dining options, joined by visiting famous names during the many epicurean festivals. Thai food, long a global favourite, is also receiving haute cuisine attention, while retaining its integrity. Bo.lan restaurant and the upcoming Nahm, a branch of the only Thai restaurant with a Michelin star, typify a nascent Thai slow food movement. Both draw inspiration from Bangkok’s non-stop pavement buffet of street food, and from the old family restaurants in the historic parts of town. CULTURAL DIVERSITY For all its globalized advances, Bangkok remains rare among modern metropolises by maintaining communities in its old centre as an authentic living heritage. Markets abut museums, shophouses flank palaces, temples hold folkish festivals, and ancient neighbourhoods retain their signatures, from apothecaries and amulets to arcane crafts. Increasingly, developers restore not replace old buildings. These express architectural history despite new uses as hotels or bars, restaurants or spas. In Chinatown or riverside quarters, nostalgics can still find traces of old Asia and a precious sense of place. HYBRID HERITAGE An international trading gateway for centuries, Bangkok acquired its patchwork appearance by constantly adding to its architecture rather than bulldozing all the past. The same fusion is as true of traditional dance, costume, music and decorative arts as it is of prevailing pop fads. This hybrid culture reveals traits from across Asia and the West, somehow blended in a way that’s distinctively Thai. The city has always harboured communities of diverse ethnicity. Confident in its cultural core, Bangkok embraces foreign influence and modernity, which accounts for its openness to visitors and whatever is in vogue. EXPANDING TRANSPORT Access to Bangkok’s attractions has improved vastly over the past decade. Right now the mass transport network is expanding in several directions. The MRT Subway and BTS SkyTrain — recently extended across the river to Thonburi — were joined just after the protest by the new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). It links the BTS with Yannawa and Khlong San using comfy high-speed buses. Set to be fully launched in August, the Airport Link brings Suvarnabhumi and several train stations within a quick, cheap glide from a downtown terminal and links to the BTS and MRT. The canal expressboat service along Klong Saen Saeb will also this year extend to Minburi in Bangkok’s semi-rural northeast, where the old wooden market is being revived. CALM SANCTUARIES The klong (canals) in this formerly waterborne city also provide a contrasting amenity: tranquillity. Bangkok epitomises the busy, relentless metropolis, but its pockets of quiet replenish the soul. The remaining klong feed the Chao Phraya River, which churns with activity and every kind of boat imaginable, yet soothes as it slides relentlessly by. Parks and plantations provide recreational green space, while temples, spas and massage offer sanctuaries for mind and body. Bangkok has its share of friction, but also hands that heal. EMBRACING CHANGE

PARTY PLACE For decades, Bangkok has revelled as a hub of nightlife tourism, which covers the merry spectrum from quirky to saucy to chic. Recent trends have seen contrasting booms in nightlife, such as clubs with dramatic design, raves with international DJs, Bohemian retro bars, and exuberant theme nights by outfits like Dudesweet and Trasher. Plentiful live music draws fans and aficionados, whether indy rock, boisterous pop, rap, jazz or blues. Asia’s biggest and most diverse gay scene plays magnet to affluent regulars flying in from regional capitals to party, dine and shop. New venues opened even during the protests, with the art-bar WTF Bar & Gallery immediately becoming a “refuge pub,” typifying the city’s resilient morale. FOOD CAPITAL Whatever kind of sanuk, Thais never socialise without a constant stream of food — very good food. Bangkok dining has entered an exciting phase. Some of this buzz comes from spectacular settings, whether chic eateries like Long Table or al fresco restaurants atop skyscrapers. Expatriate chefs contribute to one of

The energy of the city buzzes around a heart of calm. Buddhism brings to Bangkok a detachment that allows dramas to unfold, contradictions to flourish, diverse cultures to coexist, and every day to bring a surprise. After all, they are mere moments amid constant change. Regardless of what happens, Thais have a remarkable capacity to greet the next moment, irrepressible, graceful, cheery. They treat life as a series of cycles. So as the wheel of karma turns, Bangkok comes back up. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Philip Cornwel-Smith is the author of Very Thai: Everyday Popular Culture, and writer-editor of the Time Out Bangkok guidebook. Born in England and based in Bangkok since 1994, he was founding editor of Bangkok Metro Magazine, contributes to international publications and is currently writing Very Bangkok, a book about the city’s neighbourhoods, networks and social scenes.

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Health Matters

Ovarian cancer researchers request practice changes to protect against ovarian cancer: Deaths could be reduced 50 percent over 20 years

Gynecologic oncologists with the Ovarian Cancer Research Program at Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) and the BC Cancer Agency have begun an important campaign that will reduce deaths from ovarian cancer. They are asking all BC gynecologists to change surgical practice to fully remove the fallopian tube when performing hysterectomy or tubal ligation. Current practice leaves the fallopian tube in place for many types of hysterectomy and tubal ligation. This is a matter of convention, not need. The request stems from new research by the Ovarian Cancer Research Program at VGH and BC Cancer Agency. The BC research team and others have recently discovered that the majority of high grade serous tumours, the most deadly form of ovarian cancer, actually arise in the fallopian tube, not the ovary. The British Columbia data was published in 2009 in the International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. The importance of the discovery was furthered by information contained in the Cheryl Brown Ovarian Cancer Outcome Unit, at VGH and BC Cancer Agency. The data demonstrated that 18 percent of women who had developed ovarian cancer had a prior hysterectomy. “This was a eureka moment for us,” says Dr. Dianne Miller, gynecologic oncologist with the Ovarian Cancer Research Program; chair, Gynecology Tumour Group, BC Cancer Agency; and associate professor, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine. “This told us we can have an immediate impact on saving lives by removing the fallopian tube during these routine surgeries.” The research team, which is made up of surgeons, oncologists, and pathologists also made another important related discovery. They found one in five serous cancer tumours occur because of a germline BRCA genetic mutation. “What this means is that in 20 per cent of cases, we are discovering the index case,” says Dr. Blake Gilks, pathologist, Ovarian Cancer Research Program, and professor, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia. “A woman may have no prior history of ovarian cancer in her family, but we now know that her children and their children could be at risk, and we have the ability to screen them genetically and act proactively.”

The research team is translating their findings to benefit patient care. With a donation from a private donor to VGH & UBC Hospital Foundation, they developed and produced an educational DVD, which has been delivered to all gynecologists within BC. The message is two-fold: remove the fallopian tube during surgery, and refer ovarian cancer patients who have a serous tumour to the Hereditary Cancer Program at the BC Cancer Agency. The education outreach program is led by Dr. Sarah Finlayson, gynecologic oncologist, Ovarian Cancer Research Program, and asst. professor, University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine. “A vital component of health research is the uptake of the findings. We hope that by reaching out to both the clinicians and the public, we will be able to translate our work into important changes in patient care,” says Finlayson. “We estimate these measures can reduce deaths from high grade serous cancer, the most lethal of all ovarian tumours, by 30 per cent through fallopian tube removal at hysterectomy and tubal ligation and an additional 20 per cent through proactively following families who have the BRCA gene mutation.” In Canada, Ovarian cancer affects 1 in 70 women and there are approximately 2500 new cases annually. High grade serous carcinoma is the most common form of ovarian cancer, accounting for 70 per cent of diagnosis and 90 per cent of advanced stage ovarian cancer. “After decades of making very little progress in the prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer, it is thrilling to have this breakthrough,” says Virginia Greene, president and CEO of the Business Council of British Columbia and ovarian cancer patient. “This discovery and the initiative put forward by the Ovarian Cancer Research Program of BC will positively impact the lives of many women in our province and beyond, and help prevent this deadly disease.” “British Columbians should be extremely proud of our province’s leadership in the area of health research,” says Kevin Falcon, B.C. Minister of Health Services. “This is a 100 per cent B.C. led initiative that will have a significant positive impact on the health of woman across our province, the country, and globally as well.”

Do I have osteoarthritis? Common signs and symptoms NC)—People with osteoarthritis (OA), the most common type of arthritis, often experience limitations in their daily activities. An estimated one in 10 Canadian adults has OA. The Arthritis Society has developed a list of common signs and symptoms to help identify this disease.

4. Sharp pain might be experienced in affected joints throughout the day and when sleeping.

1. A gradual onset of pain occurs in joints typically affected by OA. These include the end and middle joints of the fingers, the base of the thumb or big toe, hips, knees or back.

6. Loss of strength and flexibility may be experienced on and around affected areas.

5. There may be swelling on and around affected joints.

7. The affected joints may have a "creaking" sound when moved or flexed. 2. Pain is commonly worse after specific joints are used, but improves with rest. 3. Morning stiffness is experienced for 15 to 30 minutes in affected joints.

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By Lise Simpson

It is October 8th 2009. Chad finishes giving us the tour of the winery and leads us to the tasting room. At last, we come to the real reason we are here – free samples. Chad begins with a Pinot Noir. He pours miniature, infinitesimal amounts into our glasses, and out of the corner of my eye I see my husband peering down into his almost empty glass with a bemused expression. I elbow him discreetly. Chad stylishly sloshes his wine around his glass, “to release the bouquet”, he explains. The five or six of us gathered around him copy his technique. “No fear of spilling any” my husband mutters quietly. I ignore him. Chad asks us to describe what we can smell. “Umm....blackberries?” one lady offers tentatively. “Excellent!” exclaims Chad, beaming at her as one might beam at a child who has successfully performed a difficult task. My husband rolls his eyes. The others in our group eagerly jump on board the Pleasing Chad Express. Apparently, between us, we smell blackberries, peaches, chocolate, pepper, and dirt. Although our responses are widely varied and somewhat improbable, none of them are dismissed by Chad. He nods thoughtfully and agrees with each one. The mood of the group rises sharply, and everyone holds their wine glasses like Chad does and smiles at each other. ‘I smell pretentiousness” my husband whispers, and it occurs to me that perhaps asking a couple of girlfriends to come with me on this outing might have been a better idea. Chad raises his glass to the light and peers ponderously into the glass, “assessing the hue and clarity” of the wine. Dutifully, we mimic him, and assess hue and clarity. When Chad asks us to describe what we see, we fall silent, and an embarrassed hush settles over us. “I see a nearly empty wine glass,” my husband quietly states. Chad prompts us with words like “delicate rosy hue” and “nearly opaque in its clarity” and we agree enthusiastically. The convivial mood is restored. Now Chad explains that we must swirl the wine in our glasses so that we may assess the legs, or tears, of the wine. I see my husband check his watch. At last, we are ready to actually taste the wine. We all raise our glasses expectantly. We look to our leader. Chad explains that while it is actually proper wine sampling protocol to spit out the sample and not swallow it (my husband groans), the winery has found that to be a rather messy tradition, and therefore we are asked to swallow. We chuckle and nod. My husband downs his sample in one swallow and looks around in amusement as the rest of us copy Chad and swish the wine around our mouths. We keep glancing at each other and continue swishing, wishing that Chad would just hurry up and swallow. At last, he does, and so do we. By this time I have been holding my breath for so long I am more concerned about passing out than I am about the taste of the wine. My husband is chuckling at me as I quietly gasp for breath. The group then unleashes a flurry of descriptive phrases, each of us attempting to outdo the other in an exuberance of flowery praise. “The wine is rich, mellow, and finishes beautifully” states one man, receiving an approving smile from his wife. “The wine is gone” states my husband, holding out his glass hoping for another sample. “The wine is young, it is impertinent, but has great promise. It must lie in the bottle for another year or two” declares a woman knowingly. My husband smacks his hand to his forehead and quietly advises me he will be waiting in the car. The 2010 Fall Okanagan Wine Festival runs from September 30th to October 10th. We will not be attending, but I encourage you to.

Photo courtesy of Kamloops Museum & Archives A milestone in civic history, on June 3, 1967, the city of Kamloops and the town of North Kamloops wed to become B.C.’s fifth largest city. Inhabited for centuries by aboriginals, the history of North Kamloops dates back centuries. Not until 1812 did the first white explorers wander into the Kamloops valley and find their boots firmly planted on the alluvial plains sweeping up the north side of the South Thompson River. For five decades, until the gold rush of 1858, trade was conducted primarily from the north shore. Constructed to rival a fur-trading post set up in 1812, a second post was built on the present-day Indian Reserve on the east side of the North Thompson River a few years later. In 1842, at which time Chief Factor John Tod of the HBC arrived, the post was relocated to a point of land formed by the junction of the two rivers. With much of the region’s commerce having shifted across the river by 1862, the HBC relocated their fort to the southern shore of the South Thompson just west of the Overlander Bridge. Up until 1909, when B.C. Fruitlands Ltd. purchased 9,000 acres centred between Brocklehurst, Halston and Jamieson Creek, the north shore Kamloops remained rural with open fields and orchards run by gentleman farmers. With the exception of William Fortune and Charles Cooney’s large and successful farms at Tranquille, lack of irrigation on the floodplain stymied significant development. Brought to life by an irrigation system tapped into Jamieson Creek, the north shore housed a cornucopia of orchards, cattle, vegetables and fodder crops. By 1920 B.C. Fruitland’s holdings had increased to 22,000 acres and by 1928, 4,500 tons of produce was being loaded onto railcars and shipped across the country. With a thriving economy of its own, settler numbers increased, prompting the community to seek incorporated village status in 1946. In 1961 village status was upgraded to town status and within months of the upgrade, the merger concept began to take hold. Spearheading the merger movement was North Kamloops’ inaugural mayor Jack Chilton. A lone voice preaching a gospel which appeared unacceptable to some of his own council colleagues, Chilton never faltered in his determination to unite the two municipalities. When Peter Wing assumed mayoral duties for South Kamloops in 1966, Chilton found himself with a supporter for his cause. Serving as the defining incident to pave the way for a merger was Chilton’s reaction in a city council discussion to seek extension of boundaries to take in the Mission Flats area which included the pulp mill and other industrial operations. The North Kamloops mayor stated his opinion that the potential tax revenue from such an area should not be annexed to the considerable advantage of the city alone. After six years of debate and myriad meetings, the amalgamation referendum passed with a sweeping majority. On November 4, 1967 town and city were officially joined as one with Peter Wing as the acting mayor and Jack Chilton acting with him. Information contained in the article extracted from the June 5, 1967 edition of the Sentinel and an essay titled A Chronicle of the North Shore by Ken Favrholdt.

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Word Search & Crosswords



Find the words in the grid. When you are done, the unused letters spell out a hidden message. Words can go left or right, top line to bottom line. Words can go horizontally, vertically and diagonally in all eight directions. Answers to puzzle is on page 18.

ACROSS 1 Dame 5 Tax agency 8 sphere 12 Off-Broadway award 13 orange pekoe 14 Bide 15 Bonito 16 spritz 18 baby carrier 20 Canoe propeller 21 Shade tree 22 vignette

25 ___ carte 27 ______ Dinwoodie 28 Present time 32 Confection 34 Ice cream spoons 35 Jewish scripture 36 Lube 37 tank 38 Vault (2 wds.) 41 Lode yield 44 Caviar 45 Demobilize 48 Prisoner

51 Competent 52 spot 53 Often poetically 54 Perceives with eye 55 __ and span (very clean) 56 Part of a min. 57 Horse’s gait DOWN 1 Oodles 2 Adjoin 3 ancient reptiles

4 Hanker 5 __ A Small World... 6 Lie at rest 7 __ Lee (pie brand name) 8 Hold 9 Glance over 10 Duck “beak” 11 Plant trunk 17 sure thing 19 Southern African Desert 23 Caress 24 Also 25 Colony insect 26 Lavatory 29 precedes December 30 Certified public accountant 31 Eastern Standard Time 33 Chitchat 34 Bro.’s sibling 36 ______ Ranch(Vernon) 39 Taboos 40 Large meal 41 probability 42 Harvest 43 Decorative needle case 46 Tub spread 47 Highest quality 49 ____d,e,f 50 And so forth

SUDOKU Each Sudoku puzzle is a 9 by 9 grid of horizontal and vertical rows evenly separated into 9 squares with 9 spaces each. Each puzzles solution is determined by the pattern of the numbers already filled in. You solve the puzzle by filling in the missing digits so that, when completed, each row and each square will have all numbers from1 to 9: each number will appear in exactly nine spaces within each puzzle.Sudoku solution on page 18




4 9





1 8


5 5

7 4


1 4


6 5 1

7 6


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Fax:(250) 546-8914 Snowboard boots, mens size 8, $40. Records variety 115 (Elvis Gold Vinyl), $2-$25. Collectible dolls from $15$50. Round marble table, $100 o.b.o. Chesterfield & chair, excellent condition, oak trim, $225. Phone 250.765.6240. 2 rototillers, 2 leaf/branch shredders & Weedeater gas leafblowers, bargain prices on all. Phone 250.492.8501 any time. Professional Magic Props plus magic video tapes, dvd’s and books. Good for beginner age 9 or advanced. Selling for health reasons. Value $2000, asking $800 cash. Phone 250.770.2042. 8” Schmidt Cassegrain Telescope, Original Orange Tube, Driveable Mount, full selection of eye pieces. Custom built Packing Trunk $800 obo. Phone 250.763.8316. Sealy adjustable bed, used 1 year. Remote control raises head or foot;

vibrates either. 80”x53”. $3,500 new, asking $2,500. Salmon Arm, 250.832.4831. sallys1@ Hammond Organ with bench, floor model, Leslie speakers, different instruments and beats, $100 obo. Phone 250.979.4315. Bedroom set, Victorian 6-piece circa 1930’s, dark brown/red. Includes 2 nightstands; 5 drawer chest of drawers, 4 drawer dresser w/ mirror; double bed with one headboard, one footboard, 2 side rails and 5 slats. Good condition. $875.00 Nearly new box spring and mattress also available at additional charge. Penticton 250.490.0948.

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good condition - $450. Bowflex half-cage cable gym – commercial grade – in ‘as-new’ condition - $400. Aerobic Rider – digital readout – as-new condition - $50. Phone 250.851.6363.

Word Search Solution: Have A Super Spooky Halloween

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MITA DC-3060 Photocopier. 30 copies per minute, three on-line paper sources, 500 copy management account code usage, reduction, enlargement & zoom magnification. $500. Phone 250.546.8910.

October 1960 -

01: Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom. 03: The Andy Griffith Show debuts. 07: “Route 66” premieres. 12: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a General Assembly of the United Nations meeting to protest discussion of Soviet Union policy toward Eastern Europe 14: U.S. presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea for the Peace Corps. 19: Mauretania gains independence from France. 24: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union’s Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing 165. Among the dead is Field Marshall Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash. 27: Singer Ben E King records “Spanish Harlem” & “Stand By Me” 29: In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight. 30: Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.


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50 Years Ago This Month


it erm

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October 2010 North of 50 - Thompson Edition  

North Of 50 - Local Latitude Global Attitude