The Newsletter for Northern Illinois University’s Division of Student Affairs & Enrollment Management
Welcome From Dr. Eric A. Weldy,
Vice President, Division of Student Affairs & Enrollment Management The end of the academic year is a time for celebration. You’ve done a great job of guiding your student through many successes and, undoubtedly, some challenges as well. Whether your student just completed their first year or their last, congratulations! A special congratulations to family members of graduating students. Eric A. Weldy With your help and support, your student has earned a college degree—something to be very proud of, indeed! If needed, NIU Career Services will continue to work with recent graduates, whether entering their first career or graduate or professional school. For family members of students who will be returning in the fall, know that you will continue to play an important role in your student’s journey to earn a college degree. Each year, your student will gain more independence, but that doesn’t mean he or she doesn’t appreciate and rely on your support. You, in turn, can rely on us to partner with you for the rest of this journey. Enjoy your summer! Eric A. Weldy, Ed.D. www.stuaff.niu.edu/stuaff firstname.lastname@example.org 815-753-6103
From First-Year to Second-Year
How to Avoid the “Sophomore Slump” By Annie Ziga, First- and Second-Year Experience Your student has made it through their first year of college and this is an incredible accomplishment! Congratulate your students on their success and talk with them about their most meaningful experiences during their first year. You might be surprised at what your student has learned not only academically, but personally as well. Here are some questions to ask your student this summer: • What have they accomplished this year that they are proud of? • What did they learn about themselves? • What would they like to work to improve? Opening these lines of communication with your student can help them make meaning of this influential time in their lives. While your student reflects on the past year, also encourage them to continue their success going into their second year! At this point in their undergraduate career, it is easy for students to get too comfortable with their surroundings. Remind your students that it is important to continue to grow and to challenge themselves throughout college. The second year of college is the time when students should work to strengthen their academic and career goals, deepen their friendships, become more involved in student organizations, and engage in campus and community service. There are many opportunities for your student to take part in that can help them develop their skills for the
future and avoid the “sophomore slump.” First- and Second-Year Experience at NIU has opportunities available for your student that can help build student career success skills such as communication, critical thinking and teamwork. Here are a few opportunities your students can look forward to this fall: • Y2@NIU Kick-Off Event. Second-Year students are invited to start off the year with music, food, friends, giveaways and information to make the most of their second year in college. • First- and Second-Year Success Series (FSYSS). A series of programs dedicated to helping students develop skills and learn about useful resources. Visit niu.edu/fsye in August to see a list of FSYSS program opportunities. • Common Reading Experience. This year’s Common Reading book is Just Mercy: A Story of Justice and Redemption. It focuses on fighting poverty and racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. Bryan Stevenson, author of Just Mercy and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, will be at NIU on October 24, 2016, to share his experiences and connect with students on themes related to the Common Read. His public presentation will be at 6:30 p.m. All are invited to attend! Check out niu.edu/fsye during the fall 2016 semester for more details on Stevenson’s visit. Sophomores succeed when they Continued on page 2
The Newsletter for Northern Illinois University’s Division of Student Affairs & Enrollment Management
A pleasure to serve students and family Greetings Huskie Family Members: On behalf of the Orientation & Family Connections staff, I want to express our excitement about what a pleasure it is to serve the students and family members of Northern Illinois University. The Orientation & Family Connections office is the link between students and other areas of university life, as well as Kesha Williams family members and the university experience. In addition, our office acts as the liaison for parents and family members to help navigate through the university, facilitate dialogue if there are questions and concerns, and getting you involved by volunteering and participating in our programs. It is our goal to work closely with faculty, staff and student leaders to enhance the quality of the university experience for students and their family members. The Family Connection magazine is a publication that will hopefully give parents and family members a better insight into the university. Whether this is your first student who has entered college, or you’ve lost count on how many you’ve sent off to college, it is our hope this magazine helps you better understand the NIU culture, as well as understanding our student leaders and departments. Please visit our website niu.edu/ofc for additional information. We also hope to see you at Family Weekend September 23-25, 2016. Lastly, thank you for choosing to be a part of the Huskie Family! Best Regards, Kesha Williams Associate Director for Orientation & Family Connections
“Sophomore Slump” Continued from page 1. find a sense of purpose for their lives and connect it to their educational goals. First- and Second-Year Experience at NIU is designed to help students reach their own personal success. For more information, please contact First- and Second-Year Experience at email@example.com or 815-753-0028.
The importance of NIU Internships At NIU internships are a “keystone goal” that makes the classroom and co-curricular learning come to life in real-world, career-related experiences before students graduate. In fact, internships are “…the single-most important [factor] that predicts whether students will get a job after graduation-- more important than their grades, their school or their area of study… (Baker, D., 2013)” Maria Senf is one such student whose extraordinary experience illustrates what NIU Huskies can do, as well as surprise themselves with what they never thought possible. Maria, a psychology major, interned with the University of Chicago as a research assistant. “My internship at the University of Chicago opened my eyes for my future career in industrial organizational psychology,” Maria said. “This experience made it possible for me to combine my research interest in occupational health psychology and my academic studies in psychology. I conducted psychological research in Germany with Dr. Boaz Keysar from the University of Chicago. By conducting research with 124 test subjects in a time period of three weeks, I learned how to run a study independently and in a short time frame. The statistical knowledge, as well as the quantitative and qualita-
tive research skills that I have learned, have given me fundamental skills to succeed in my academic studies and prepared me well for my future work.” Dr. Boaz Keysar, University of Chicago, praised Maria’s internship, saying, “Maria began working with us on a research project in Germany looking at how using a foreign language affects decision making. She was involved in every step of the research process from designing the materials to data collection and analysis. Maria is an exceptionally reliable and motivated individual who has made a significant contribution to our project.” NIU students can begin searching for internships throughout their time at NIU. For students just beginning or in the early stages of their collegiate work, Career Services provides the “Skills Builder Inventory” that shows shows students how to gain skills at NIU that employers seek in internships and jobs. By taking advantage of these opportunities, students will gain valuable co-curricular experiences that will prepare them, along with their academic work, for success in internships. Visit careerservices.niu.edu to explore more about internships.
Our Keystone Goal Students who invest in an NIU education are committed to achieving fulfilling careers and being responsible citizens in our changing world. Our goal is to provide them a broad-based education and an enriching student experience, ensuring their timely degree completion and success in securing employment in their field of interest or graduate school enrollment within six months of graduation, if they so choose. Reference: Baker, D. (2013). Student career success: NIU president’s ‘one thing.’ Naperville Sun, December 18. Web site: http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/naperville-sun/community/ chi-ugc-article-student-career-success-niu-presidents-one-2013-12-18-story.html
The Newsletter for Northern Illinois University’s Division of Student Affairs & Enrollment Management
Meet the 2016 Parent Endowment Scholarship Award Winner Jaleel Savoy By Kesha Williams, Associate Director for Orientation & Family Connections Jaleel Savoy’s leadership ability was witnessed at a very young age by his peers and family members. Born and raised in Philadelphia, Jaleel played many sports as a child. Though he had exceptional physical skills, he was known more for his ability to inspire his teammates. He did so by always setting a great example. Jaleel credits his influence on how he was raised. “My grandparents and parents helped instill a desire for excellence. From a young age, they supported and encouraged the pursuit of education, whether through a formal institution or self-study.” Involvement in sports is what also peaked his interest and introduced him to community service and outreach. His passion and motivation is why he has continued to succeed in and out of the classroom at NIU. Jaleel is currently a junior pursu-
ing a Bachelor of Science degree in operations management and information systems. He is also our 2016 Parent Association Endowment Scholarship recipient. Students who apply for this award must have the following criteria: overall grade point average of 3.0, be an active member within the community, demonstrates leadership ability by being actively involved within a student or academic organization, task force or athletic clubs. Jaleel has many goals before he finishes his education at NIU. This includes graduating with a G.P.A 3.75 or higher. Jaleel currently serves as the President of Operations Management and Information Systems Student Advisory Board, the Vice President of the Association IT Professionals, and the Business Director of the NIU Robotics Club. “Everyone can stand to improve themselves if they try to become a better leader, even if they don’t have formal leadership positions,” said Jaleel. Jaleel gives credit for his successes to his
Jaleel and members of his family, left to right. Top row: Kahri Savoy, Jalen Savoy, Malaysia Salgado-Brown, Carlos Sanroman. Bottom row: Michell Savoy with Amari Savoy, Lisa Savoy, Jaleel, Giselle Sanroman.
family. “My parents have immeasurably contributed to my education. They have shown me a great work ethic and values which has directly contributed to my success.” NIU has also given him the opportunity to have hands-on work experiences while attending school. One of his best experiences Jaleel has had at NIU was participating in
“My parents have immeasurably contributed to my education. They have shown me a great work ethic and values, which has directly contributed to my success.” —Jaleel Savoy the Experiential Learning Center (ELC) as a Junior Business Consultant. It was an amazing experience for him because he was able to interact with executive clients, travel to their facilities and offer recommendations on how to resolve their problems. “In all my positions I have refined my leadership skills and this has benefitted me immensely. As far as my leadership style, I sometimes delegate, or am partial to the participative style, dependent upon the tasks and team members involved. I believe a great asset of mine is knowing when to use and approach each style of leadership.” In the future, Jaleel would like to work as a consulting business analyst to help businesses improve their processes and systems. He is also interested in working with one of the various nonprofit organizations that has a focus on technology education for underprivileged children. Congratulations Jaleel on being this year’s recipient of 2016 Parent Association Endowment Scholarship!
Celebrating Diversity at NIU By Bethany Wood, Family Connections Intern NIU’s mission is to maintain “a community of diverse people, ideas, services, and scholarly endeavors in a climate of respect for the intrinsic dignity of each individual.” We celebrate diversity in all forms—gender, ethnicity, ability, age, religious beliefs, and sexuality. The university understands that diversity enhances the educational experience of our students. Because of this commitment there are two units that are committed to ensuring diversity at NIU—the Office of Academic
Diversity, Equity and Inclusion and the Diversity and Equity Collaborative Community in Student Affairs & Enrollment Management. The Diversity and Equity Collaborative Community makes up the majority of the student resource centers on campus—the Asian American Center, Latino Resource Center and Gender and Sexuality Resource Center. Each year, these departments host programs that help students to successfully navigate the University, promote an inclusive environment, welcome students into a diverse community within NIU, and celebrate the students’ unique contributions to the rich culture and climate at NIU. Dr. Katrina Caldwell, Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs, oversees the Diversity and Equity Collaborative Community, as well as Career Services and Military & Post-Traditional Student Services. Her job is to support these departments by training students, faculty and staff on the best practices centered on diversity. Caldwell states, “We are one of the most diverse campus communities in higher education in Illinois…It is a strength of our campus. We have strong student organizations that support diversity initiatives and students on campus. As well, we have programs like the CHANCE Program (a special admissions program) that provides access and opportunities to students who might not otherwise think college is possible for them.” In the fall, NIU developed the Office of Academic Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
and hired its first Chief Diversity Officer, Dr. Vernese Edghill-Walden. This new unit strives to prepare students for a global workforce and supports our diverse students, faculty and staff by helping them identify and access resources that they need to be successful in their roles at NIU. Walden says, “NIU has a really great diversity program now. We have really great resources for diversity and inclusion at NIU.” “In terms of diversity, equity and inclusion, this decision was an important step in the right direction,” Caldwell explains. This office supports diversity initiatives from an academic affairs’ perspective and works to create an inclusive campus for everyone on campus.” Caldwell states that having these resources, and making these adjustments to support institution-wide diversity “shows that NIU truly values diversity in our campus.” Although, NIU does an excellent job at providing these resources to students, not all students access them. Caldwell encourages students to “participate in programs that may make [the students] feel a bit uncomfortable.” “Explore beyond your own traditions,” she says. “Take risks … these will make you a stronger, more marketable student with a better college experience.” As a student, I am proud to be a part of such a diverse and encouraging community. It is people like Dr. Katrina Caldwell and Dr. Vernese Edghill-Walden, who truly make an impact on the student experience here at NIU.
NIU Athletics 2015-16 in review The 2015-16 academic year has been an exciting one for the NIU Huskies and our teams couldn’t have done it without the support of fans across the nation. Take a look at just a few of the successes we’ve had on the court or field and in the classrooms. Football NIU Football claimed the Mid-American Conference (MAC) West Division title and headed to Detroit to play in the MAC Championship game for the sixth straight year. The Huskies finished the season with an 8-6 record and made the program’s eighth straight bowl appearance. Eight players were named first team All-MAC, led by the league’s special teams player of the year, Aregeros Turner, and first team All-American cornerback Shawun Lurry who led the nation in interceptions in his sophomore season. In the classroom, the Huskies were just as successful with 6 MAC Distinguished Scholar-Athletes and one of the top Graduation Success Rates in the nation. Volleyball The Huskies leveraged a grueling non-conference schedule to finish 14-2 in Mid-American Conference play and win the MAC regular season crown. At the end of the regular season, four Huskies earned First Team All-MAC accolades including T’ara Austin, who was named MAC Player of the Year, and Alexis Gonzalez, who earned Setter of the Year honors. And after leading NIU Volleyball to their third MAC Championship and seventh MAC Tournament Final appearance, Head Coach Ray Gooden was named the MAC’s Coach of the Year. Cross Country NIU Cross Country placed two runners on All Mid-American Conference teams in 2015 including Sophomore Kelsey Hildreth who claimed second place individually at the conference meet – NIU’s best conference finish ever. Men’s Basketball The Huskies had their most successful season on the hardwood in two decades as NIU Men’s Basketball posted a record of 21-13 for the 2015-16 season, tying the second-most wins in school history, and made a post-season appearance for the first time since 1996. In January, Head Coach Mark Montgomery received the Hugh Durham Award mid-season honors, recognizing the top mid-major head coach in the country. Wrestling NIU Wrestling sent four wrestlers to the 2016 NCAA Continued on page 8.
Parents’ Perspectives Karan Payne, mother of a senior in Environmental Studies By Katelyn Shields, Family Orientation Coordinator, Orientation & Family Connections Transitioning from high school to college can be difficult for some students, but it can also be difficult for parents and other family members. The Orientation & Family Connections office interviewed Karan Payne, mother of Michael Payne—a senior in Environmental Studies, about her transition when her son first came to college. Michael has working with Orientation & Family Connections office for three years. He has been an active student leader on campus. Some of his involvements include working at the Outdoor Recreation Center, serving as an Orientation Leader, Student Orientation Coordinator, and Student Orientation Intern. Before Michael made his decision to commit to NIU, he and Karan visited multiple universities. “One of the reasons Michael chose NIU was because of its location from home.” Michael is from Lyons, Illinois, which is only about an hour away from DeKalb. Another factor that made a huge impression for both Karan and Michael was when he attended Orientation. Once Michael accepted and chose NIU, they planned their date for Orientation. One of the things that stood out to Karan about the Orientation experience, was the fact that the students did a lot of the program on their own, especially advising. Karan said, “I loved the fact parents were not allowed to be in the room when they met their advisor. They are able to make their own schedule.” For most students this was their first step in making decisions on their own. The profound impact his orientation experience had on Michael peaked his interest in applying for the Orientation Leader position. For Karan, the transition was not difficult at all. Michael’s sister, Katlyn, was going to be a sophomore at Eastern Illinois University. Even though Michael and Katlyn’s transition was different, there wasn’t much difference for Karan. The reason: Karan witnessed the many opportunities at NIU to get involved for parents and family members. “NIU offers families to get involved, especially families with way younger siblings. When Michael was an incoming freshman, my other 3 children
Karen Payne, Michael Payne, and two family members
become the awesome adult he is today.” were 17, 18, and 19.” Karan loves volunteering within the Orientation & Family Connections Karan’s advice to parents and family memoffice. This past year, she helped tremendously bers of first year students is to “not allow their with the Family Weekend. This event is usually child to come home until fall break. Students held in the middle of September for all NIU that come home too often don’t give college students and their family members. Her pria chance; they have to spread their wings. mary responsibility was tailgate check-in. This Parents, send letters and gifts as often as event would not have run smoothly without you want. Students love to receive them.” the support and enthusiasm of Karan and her In closing, Karan’s relationship with her son interactions with parents and family members. has become so much stronger over the past This May, Michael will finally graduate. few years. She has loved seeing Michael grow After graduation Michael will continue his and cannot believe his stay at NIU is coming education. He was accepted into Western to end. NIU will always have a special place Illinois University’s College Student Personnel in her heart. She will never forget the many Graduate program, where he will be pursuing memories she and Michael share, and this his Master’s. Michael has accepted a Graduate campus community will always be like home. Assistant position in the Admissions office where he’ll be working with orientation. Karan is proud of her son’s achievements at NIU and is grateful for the experiences that NIU has offered in helping Michael grow into the young man he is today. In her words, “We have loved NIU more than I could’ve ever imagined. NIU Michael Payne (second from left) and friends. has helped Michael
Patte Shields, mother of a junior in Marketing By Matt Hamilton, Family Orientation Coordinator, Orientation & Family Connections office The Orientation & Family Connections office had a chance to meet and sit down with Patte Shields, the mother of Katelyn Shields (a junior at NIU). Katelyn is majoring in Marketing in the College of Business, and is currently a Family Coordinator with Orientation & Family Connections. Patte Shields was born in Zara Goza, Spain on a U.S. Air Force base, where she spent the first year of her childhood, before moving permanently to the United States. Because of this experience, she knew, when she started to have children of her own, she wanted them to dream big, work hard and be open to new opportunities and possibilities. We wanted to learn more about her family dynamic, and how those relationships have impacted Katelyn’s college career transition so far. Early on in her childhood, Katelyn always knew she wanted to attend college. Her family traveled to multiple universities for college visits, before deciding on NIU. Patte says Katelyn chose NIU because of it’s a prime location for their family. Katelyn is from Pekin, Illinois, which is two and half hours away from DeKalb. “It was far enough for Katelyn to feel like she was getting away from her home town, but close enough to visit when she wanted to come home.” She shared that Katelyn and her entire family attended summer orientation, which made them feel NIU was the right the choice for them. “One of the things that impacted me the most was the professionalism of the Orientation Leader that gave us the campus tour. His name was Bobby. He not only was informative, but he made our visit fun. Bobby was a big influence to Katelyn, which helped her decide to apply for the Orientation Leader position.” As a result, it made her want to instantly get connected with the NIU community. Katelyn quickly became a prominent student leader at the university, both in and out of the classroom. Patte understood that her “baby girl” coming to college would be a huge transition for all. “Katelyn decided quite early in the process that NIU was the college for her.
We went to all the preparatory meetings, learned about financial aid, FAFSA (you know, all that fun stuff!). When we moved her in to New Hall West for her freshman year, it was in the middle of a thunderstorm, but the volunteers helped us immensely!” The volunteers that Patte refers to are hundreds of Team NIU volunteers comprised of students, student organizations, staff and administrators who work at NIU. They all donate their time to help new students and their families move into their residence halls at the beginning of the year. Katelyn understood when her parents left her for the first time at New Hall that they were just a phone call away, whether she needed advice or just an impartial ear. She knew her parents would support her through the challenges that are expected during college. Patte remarked on how much she missed her daughter originally. Prior to Katelyn moving to NIU, she spent most of her time living with her mother. While Patte has plenty of pets to keep her busy, it was a difficult transition at first. Patte would send Katelyn care packages filled with Katelyn’s favorite things from home, especially during the first few years. Katelyn would also make trips home to visit her mother; when she got home she would find a feast of pasta waiting for her. Patte would make plenty of food for Katelyn to take home with her, or for her to share amongst her friends. There is nothing better than a good home-cooked meal. Focusing back on campus resources, Patte remarked on the services offered by the Orientation & Family Connections office. She highlights that Orientation & Family Connections has many events planned throughout the year specifically for parents and family members. These activities provide parents and family members the opportunity to participate, and visit NIU all year long (i.e. Family Weekend and Family Day), as well as volunteer. Also, parents and family members are welcome to submit an article for the monthly newsletter or bi-annual magazine. Patte has since volunteered with the office numerous times, and stated that the experiences have allowed her to meet many of her daughter’s co-workers and befriend other family members of NIU. For
Patte Shields (right), and family.
more information about Family Connections and the events, please visit niu.edu/ofc. Her advice for parents who have a student attending college for the first time: parents should be there to support their students during this different time. Attending orientation with them is one way parents can alleviate some of this discomfort. Orientation allows parents to learn about the upcoming challenges that their student may experience when attending college, and suggestions of ways to support their students. Patte was asked what her biggest concerns, or apprehensions, were for Katelyn before attending NIU. She responded, “Of course I had concerns, every parent does, the safety factor was the biggest.” But while attending the campus tour she recognized the emergency phones strategically placed around campus, and learning there is a police station on campus, eased her mind. If students ever feel threatened or unsafe, they can press the emergency red button, and it automatically signals the police and public safety dispatcher. Overall, Patte knows her relationship with her daughter is improved, and she has seen the growth in Katelyn both personally and professionally. She appreciates and understands that her title will always be Mom, but her role is now advisor and a sounding board as Katelyn continues her journey, not only through college but in life.
The Title IX talk continues By Rose M. J. Henton, Director of Coordinated Education, Training and Outreach Programs, Affirmative Action and Equity Compliance There is a saying in the Midwest, “If you don’t like the weather now, wait a few minutes.” That sums up the month of April with bouts of snow, hail, rain and sunshine. As the weather is transitioning, so are students as they pack up and move home for the summer. Your student will likely return home a little exhausted, so it’s important to give them a day or two to rest. While you’re excited about your student returning home, you might be a little surprised. Some students return with a new sense of independence, responsibility and quite possibly an unexpected “inflated ego.” Don’t let that stop you from providing them with important guidance and support. As a parent, summer is your chance to reinforce sexual assault awareness and education that NIU provides during the year. Summer is a critical time to focus on sexual assault, as studies show the highest rates of sexual assault are in the summer. So after your student is all rested up, take time to sit down and talk about how the year went. Don’t just focus on grades or classes, ask them about new friends, and their campus experiences. Share with them the importance of catching up with old friends, but caution them on sharing too much on social media. Items they post about themselves or others can embarrass, harass, cause emotional harm and be considered sexual misconduct. Then, reinforce the meaning of consent as it relates to sexual assault. Consent is defined as a clear, informed and voluntary agreement between all participants to knowingly engage in ANY sexual activity. Remind them that anything other than yes, is no. Make sure they know to keep each other safe as they are out and about with friends. Be an active bystander and intervene in a safe way to stop violence. They may want to interrupt the poor behavior or call for help. Most of all, support your student by listening, making suggestions and encouraging them to make positive decisions. Remember, this will not be the only transition you and your student are in for; having open communication will make all the difference.
Academic Calendar Summer Semester 2016 Friday, May 13................................................................Spring Graduate Commencement Saturday, May 14...............................................Spring Undergraduate Commencement Monday, July 4......................................................Independence Day (University Closed) Sunday, August 7..................................................................................Summer Session Ends
Fall Semester 2016 Monday, August 22...............................................................................................Classes Begin Monday, September 5........................................................Labor Day (University Closed) Friday-Sunday, September 23-25..............................................................Family Weekend Starting Saturday, October 1.......................................................................Apply for FASFA Wednesday, November 23......................................................Thanksgiving Break Begins (no classes on Wednesday) Monday, November 28....................................................................................Classes Resume Saturday, December 3.............................................................................................Classes End Monday-Saturday, December 5, 10..................................................... Final Examinations Saturday, December 10.................................................... Fall Graduate Commencement Sunday, December 11........................................... Fall Undergraduate Commencement
NIU Athletics in review Continued from page 5. Championships at Madison Square Garden this season. Austin Eicher, 133 pounds, Steve Bleise, 141 pounds, and Andrew Morse, 157 pounds, all made their first Nationals appearance while Shawn Scott, 197 pounds returned for his second straight trip. Scott advanced to the round of 12 and tallied four victories, the most by an NIU wrestler since 2008.
Gymnastics NIU Gymnastics had a strong 2016 season, including a record breaking performance on bars where six gymnasts combined to set a new program record of 49.275. The Huskies sent senior Lauren Africano, junior Jamyra Carter, junior Megan Greenfield, and sophomore Andie Van Voorhis to the NCAA Regionals in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Softball The NIU Softball team is off to one of their best starts in school history this season including an early 14-game winning streak, one shy of the school record. Senior Emily Naegele broke NIU Softball’s regular season home run record of 15 halfway through the season, previously held by teammate Kayti Grable. The NIU Softball team is currently fighting for the top position in the MAC West heading into the MAC Tournament. Track & Field The Indoor season saw numerous school records broken including four at the Mid-American Conference Indoor Track & Field Championships. LeTristan Pledger topped the podium for the Huskies in the 60-meter hurdles with a time of 8.35 seconds.