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Sami Tourism IN

© TERJE RAKKE/NORDIC LIFE – VISITNORWAY.COM

Northern Norway O U R STORY YO U R EX PER I ENC E


The Sami National Day is celebrated February 6 in all four countries.

Sápmi – the land of the Sami Scandinavia recognized and protected under

of the Sami. It derives from the Samis own

the international conventions of indigenous

name for themselves, Samit or sápmelaččat.

peoples.

The Sami are the indigenous people of

There are approximately 40 000 Sami people

Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. The

living in Norway, 20 000 in Sweden, 7 500 in

Sami are the only indigenous people of

Finland and 2 000 in Russia.

© JOHAN WILDHAGEN – VISITNORWAY.COM

Sápmi is the name of the traditional homeland

Published by: Sami Tourism in Northern Norway / Origo Nord AS • P.O.Box 1047, N-9504 Alta, Norway Tel: +47 900 38 119 • E-Mail: beate.juliussen@origonord.no Print run: 1,500 • Design and Print: Fagtrykk Idé AS Cover photo: Terje Rakke/Nordic Life – visitnorway.com


© DAVVI SIIDA

We invite you to Sápmi on a journey to discover the Sami cultures and traditions. Visit our land, immerse yourself in our warm hospitality, and take part in our world. Sit fireside and listen to the stories or let us sing our traditional joik. Get to know the reindeers, sample our food and experience our culture.

© INGUN A. MÆHLUM

Step into our world!

© TERJE RAKKE/NORDIC LIFE – VISITNORWAY.COM

Bures boahtin – Welcome!


– Eight Seasons In Sápmi, we describe our year with eight seasons. Due to

Dálvi

Gávcci Jáhkodat life with nature and reindeer

a m áb Sk

concept of time is based on the life cycles of the reindeer. Dálvi – winter: From Christmas time to the end of February

G iđ đa sd ál

vi

herding much of the Sami

Čakča

Giđđa

Giđđasdálvi –

midsummer Geassi – Summer: From midsummer to end of August Čakčageassi – Autumn-summer: End of August to middle of September Čakča – Autumn: Mid September to mid October Skábma – Autumn-winter: Mid October to Christmas time

as si ge ak ča Č

Geassi

Summer: End of May to

si as

Giđđa geassi – Spring

ge

late April to late May

a

Giđđa – Spring:

đ iđ

of March to late April

G

Spring-Winter: Beginning


Experience Northern Norway’s spectacular scenery and stunning surroundings from a new perspective. Embark on the adventure of a lifetime as you go on a guided trip with reindeers, go on a riverboat trip, or go hunting for the northern lights. Celebrate our unique heritage, art work, food and fascinating history in our Native cultural centers, or explore how our traditions and hospitality live on in the present day at Sami owned activity companies and inns.

© CH – VISITNORWAY.COM

© TERJE RAKKE/NORDIC LIFE – VISITNORWAY.COM

through our eyes and experience its wonders with your hearts.

© INGA SIIDA

Let us take you out on an unforgettable journey to see the world

© ØRJAN BERTELSEN/MANNDALEN SJØBUER

Sami vásáhus – Sami cultural adventures


Gákti - the traditional Sami clothing This is the most prominent symbol of the Sami. It carries the history of the Sami people and is an important part of the identity. You can tell from which geographical area, and some times even from which

© ARRAN/LIS-MARI

© LIV ENGHOLM/TURGLEDER

family a person comes from by looking at the designs.

Duodji - handicraft Duodji is traditional handicraft and is an important cultural element for the Sami. Duodji tools and clothing are functional and useful, and Sami duodji artists bring function and art together. Duodji products can be knives, cases, bags, wooden cups and clothing.Traditional handicraft knowledge is still taught by one generation to the next in the traditional

© ERLEND HAARBERG – VISITHELGELAND.COM

© LIV ENGHOLM/TURGLEDER

way, and it is very much a living craftsmanship.


© JOHAN WILDHAGEN – VISITNORWAY.COM

© CH – VISITNORWAY.COM

luohti/joik. Luohti has always been important in the Sami community, and is a unique form of cultural expression for the Sami people. Luohti

can

be

described

as

a

combination of singing and using the voice as an instrument. The luohti is common to all Sápmi, but with geographical variations in the luohtis musical style. The luohti can describe different elements such as places, animals, persons or events. This type of song can be deeply personal or spiritual in nature. The luohti is not a song about the person or place, but the one singing is attempting to evoke or depict that person or place through song – one joiks their friend, not about their friend (similar to how one doesn’t paint or depict about a flower, but depicts the flower itself).

© TERJE RAKKE/NORDIC LIFE – VISITNORWAY.COM

Luohti / Joik - Music

Sami music is often associated with


© LIV ENGHOLM/TURGLEDER

© TOFOTO - NORDNORGE.COM

The cuisine of Sápmi is based on local produce, like fish, game, reindeer and berries. As family is very important to the Sami, holidays and parties such as weddings and baptisms

Biebmu – Sami cuisine

gathers many people. On these occasions, it is important to make good, simple food, as there can be as many as 500-1000 guests at a wedding. The most common dish served is

© LIV ENGHOLM/TURGLEDER

the biđus, a stew made of reindeer meet, potatoes and carrots.


© LIV ENGHOLM/TURGLEDER © KATJA RYKOVA – NORDNORGE.COM

Boazu – Reindeer Reindeer herding is significant in Sami culture. It's been developed

Did you know…

from the hunting of wild reindeers thousands of years ago to

• that the reindeers fur is hollow

vehicles are important tools. The reindeers stay in their winter

to provide insulation? • that both the male and the female have antlers? • that there are approximately 200 000 reindeers in Norway?

modern reindeer herding where technical equipment and motor pasture on the inland during winter, and move to the coast for the summer. The traditional unit of organization in Sami reindeer husbandry is the «siida». This is basically a grouping of one or more families, where the practical work related to reindeer herding is shared. Reindeer are primarily used for meat production, while hides, bones and antlers are important for clothing and handicrafts.


© THON HOTEL KAUTOKEINO

CONVERSATION Bures - Hello (when shaking hands) Buorre iđit - Good morning Mo dus manná - How are you? Manná bures - I am fine Bures boahtin - Welcome Mana dearvan - Goodbye, farewell Ortnegis - Okey, great Mun ráhkistan du - I love you Buorre beaivi - Good day / Hello Giitu – Thank you Mu namma lea ... - My name is…

Sami giella

PRONUNCIATION/VOWELS U = sounds like [o/o:] Á/á = sounds like [a:/a] Đ/đ = sounds like ‘th’ in mother

– Sami language

o = sounds like 'o' in hot TRANSLATIONS Boazu – Reindeer Gákti – Traditional Sami Clothing

The Sami languages spoken in Sápmi are classified

Árran – Fireplace

as a branch of the Uralic language group.

Siida – A Sami community

There are ten spoken Sami languages and six

Samidiggi – The Sami Parliament

written; Northern Sami, Lule Sami, Southern Sami,

Duodji – Sami handicraft Suohpan – Lasso

Sami has approximately 15 000 speakers, and is the most spoken of the six languages. Northern Norway is the perfect place to try out a little of the indigenous language – here are a few pointers…

© TORE S. OLSEN – NORDNORGE.COM

Inari Sami, Skolt Sami and Kildin Sami. Northern

Luohti – Joik/sami way of singing Beaivváš / Beaivi – Sun Buorre – Good / Fine Čáhci – Water Gaskkaijabeaivváš – Midnight sun Guovssahas – Northern Lights

Profile for NordNorsk Reiseliv

Sami Tourism in Northern Norway - EN  

Sami Tourism in Northern Norway - EN  

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