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CORN TALK June/July 2017

A Publication for North Dakota Corn Growers Association Members

Photo by Mary Morken







THE POWER OF PARTNERSHIPS SCOTT GERMAN, NDCUC CHAIRMAN Each year after a long winter I am amazed how spring and early summer can add optimism to farmers and our industry. After a cold start to the planting season, we’ve had good weather for crop planting and early season work. I understand this is applicable to most of the state. In North Dakota, our farmers plant approximately 23.0 million acres of annually planted crops in May and into early June. The total planting of all crops in our state usually ranks North Dakota within the top three states in total planted acres. According to USDA’s March 31st report on planting, North Dakota farmers will plant 3.3 million acres of corn with the total corn acreage in the United States at 90 million acres. With only 30,000 farm operators in the state, it displays North Dakota’s perseverance and work ethic. As we all know, the large production in the United States has resulted in lower corn prices especially in the past three years. This is an issue that the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) spends a lot of time and capital on by working with our national and state commodity organizations to find ways to grow market share and grind or sell more corn. The NDCUC has a working relationship with three national organizations that help with trade and market development: the United States Grains Council (USGC), the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA). These groups work tirelessly on trade and market development. Staff at the NDCUC will be meeting with researchers this summer at North Dakota State University to help generate ideas on corn utilization. We will be holding meetings with the Departments of Plant Sciences, Mechanical Engineering, Coatings and Polymeric Materials and Chemistry, to name a few. You never know when an idea


today might someday lead to a major use of corn. We will also be holding a meeting at NDSU’s Carrington Research Extension Center to talk with our livestock researchers. Growing livestock in the state has been and will continue to be our number one priority going forward. Speaking of research, we’re pleased to have articles related to pests and diseases in this issue from a few researchers funded with your checkoff dollars: Abbey Wick, Joel Ransom and Janet Knodel. I hope that you will find something from their articles that directly relates to an issue or helps prevent an issue on your farm. We continue to work the North Dakota Ethanol Council to promote higher blends of ethanol. We are helping to get the word out on USDA’s Biofuels Infrastructure Program (BIP) which you can read about more in this issue. We are working on a large event for the fall of 2017 to create more public awareness about the benefits of ethanol. With the expansion at the Tharaldson Ethanol Plant in Casselton and their increased capacity, we are eager to do everything we can to help increase the numbers of gallons of ethanol sold in North Dakota. We continue to share a vision with our colleagues at the North Dakota Soybean Council to promote agriculture, livestock and to educate consumers about the safety of the food supply. It is imperative that we continue to talk about our farming practices and our operations so that people understand where their food comes from. We look forward to more collaboration with the North Dakota Soybean Council in the years ahead. We have found that leveraging your checkoff dollars with other State groups allows us to have a greater impact for less cost. We work diligently to get the “biggest bang for the buck” when it comes to your checkoff dollars. If you have any questions on how your checkoff dollars are being spent feel free to contact me or the NDCUC office. We are very proud of the work that we are doing on your behalf. May you have an enjoyable and profitable growing season!

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


• The Waters of the USA (WOTUS) rule from 2015 needs to be rescinded and replaced.

CARSON KLOSTERMAN, NDCGA PRESIDENT The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) had a busy winter working on both State and National policy issues. We look forward to continuing work in these areas as well as working with the new Secretary of Agriculture, Sonny Perdue, and his staff. National policies of most importance at this time are the reductions in regulations, trade policy and the 2018 Farm Bill. On the regulation front, our organization fully supports the recent comments and positions that the National Corn Growers Association recommended to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Some of these issues requested to be reconsidered or delayed, are: • Request to EPA to allow a year-round use of ethanol blends greater than 10 percent such as the EPA approved E15. Providing E15 with the same Reid Vapor Pressure 1 psi waiver, similar to that provided to E10, will allow retailers to sell E15 year-round. Currently, E15 cannot be sold in the summer months without the waiver. E15 provides benefits with lower exhaust emissions, lower fuel prices and increased markets for farmers. • Request that EPA update and establish lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions thresholds for the different types of renewable fuels compared to gasoline and diesel fuel. The analysis for corn ethanol lifecycle was last completed in 2010.

• Certified Applicator Training Rule needs to be modified to eliminate the minimum age requirement. As mentioned in other articles of this newsletter, trade is one of our priorities at NDCGA. We will continue to recommend maintaining or enhancing funding for the trade programs known as the Foreign Market Development and Market Access Program at USDA’s Foreign Agriculture Service. These programs are used by many commodity groups to partner with USDA to enhance trade across the world. A new challenge is keeping the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a viable agreement among all parties. The Trump Administration has many of its trade related employees working on the renegotiation of NAFTA. Most agricultural organizations in the US agree that NAFTA has been successful. Efforts to keep trade agreements functioning at a high level are of utmost importance to agriculture. We’re excited to see Senator Hoeven’s ARC-CO Pilot program be included in the 2017 Appropriations Bill. Although it only applies to 2016, the bill provides direction to the Farm Service Agency (FSA) on how to determine county yields when National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) data is either not available or the data produces a substantially disparate value. The bill will authorize state FSA committees to establish a yield for that county. This provision is one that NDCGA asked FSA to consider and implement for the 2014 ARC-CO program year. We will continue to monitor implementation of that provision. Good luck with all of your work in the 2017 crop year.


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SYMPTOMS OF ABIOTIC STRESSES IN CORN DR. JOEL RANSOM - NDSU EXTENSION AGRONOMIST Corn rarely suffers significant yield loss from diseases and insects in North Dakota, but it is not immune to abiotic stress. Many of these stresses are weather related and therefore can only be managed indirectly. After decades of plant breeding, modern hybrids generally tolerate abiotic stressors like drought and high winds more effectively than older hybrids. Nevertheless, abiotic stresses regularly reduce corn yields in North Dakota. The following describes symptoms and damage caused by a few of the abiotic stressors that affect corn.

Figure 1. A corn plant laying flat due to the absence of nodal roots. The soil was moved away to expose the seminal roots and undeveloped nodal roots.

Floppy or Rootless Corn Syndrome: This name is given to plants that flop over or lean at a 45 degree angle early in their growth cycle (Figure 1). The corn plant becomes increasingly top-heavy as it grows taller and accumulates biomass. Normally, as early as the V1 stage, nodal roots begin to develop from the lowest part of the crown to assist the mesocotyl in holding the main stalk erect. However, insufficient moisture at the soil surface near the crown may inhibit nodal root development. This problem is most frequently seen in areas of the field where there was compaction and/or the seed was placed too shallow, but it can be more widespread if the surface of the soil dries out below the crown soon after planting. When examining affected plants, you may see small, brown-tipped root ‘nubbins’ that failed to elongate. This is not likely due to chemical injury; these are simply roots that could not develop due to inadequate moisture.


A good rainfall is the best remedy for this problem. Rootless corn plants will develop nodal roots when soil conditions around the crown of the plant become sufficiently moist to support them. If the problem is widespread, a light cultivation to throw some soil around the base of the plant may be helpful in some situations, but if the soil is dry, plants will not produce nodal roots until after a rain event. Plants that are lying flat may never be able to fully erect themselves, however, and plants that have been dependent on only seminal roots generally do poorly due to water and nutrient deficiencies. Green Snap: Green snap refers to the complete breakage of the corn stalk by high winds. Corn is most susceptible to green snap during periods of rapid vegetative growth, before the stalks mature and lignify, and more specifically from the V5 to V8 stages and from V10 to tasseling. It is rare to observe green snap during grain fill; damage by strong winds during this period will be related to root lodging rather than green snap. Green snap damage at the V5-V8 stages usually occurs at a node near the soil surface, which results in stand loss (Figure 2). Sometimes these plants will develop tillers to compensate. At this early stage, neighboring plants may provide some compensatory yield, but yield losses are still significant. Snaps occurring after the V10 stage usually occur just below or at the

Figure 2. Early season green snap damage. Broken plants will not produce an ear.

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Figure 3. Green snap later in the corn plant’s development. Plants that were snapped above the primary ear node have produced an ear, but productivity will be drastically reduced.

Tillering: Tillering is a commonly observed phenomenon that is not always caused by abiotic stress, but is generally considered undesirable (Figure 4). Corn, like other grasses, has the capacity to produce a stem (tiller) at each node. However, tillering typically does not have the potential to increase the yield of a corn plant as is true with small grains. Tillering in corn is most common in fields with low plant populations, or along field edges where there is extra light and less plant-to-plant competition. However, tillering is still possible within relatively high corn populations. Most often tillering is observed when environmental conditions have been favorable for corn growth prior to complete canopy closure, or when early season injury to the main stalk occurs, as with green snap described above. Hybrids vary in their propensity to develop tillers. However, it is not uncommon for a hybrid that tillers heavily this year to produce only a few tillers next year. Environment tends to

primary ear node (Figure 3). Compensation by neighboring plants is extremely limited at this point. Yield losses at this stage depend on whether the damaged plant develops an ear at a lower node. Corn hybrids vary in their ability to resist green snap, but even the most resistant hybrid will sustain some damage if strong winds occur when the plant is most vulnerable. The NDSU corn hybrid trial in Traill County suffered significant green snap damage last year. The number of snapped plants ranged from 5 to 32% depending on the hybrid, with an average of 16% for the early maturing group and 12 percent for the late maturing group. For more information, check out the complete results in the 2016 North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results (NDSU Extension Service). To reduce green snap losses, choose hybrids with known resistance to green snap, if information is available. Additionally, staggering planting dates or choosing hybrids with a range of relative maturities can reduce the risk of having all of your corn in a growth stage that is highly susceptible to green snap, should a high wind event occur. Though broken stalks can permit the entrance of plant pathogens, applying fungicides to fields damaged by green snap will not be beneficial as those plants that have been damaged that might produce an ear will not be more prone to diseases (bacterial) that are effectively controlled by fungicides.

Figure 4. Most of these tillers will not produce a useful ear but are likely to produce a tassel ear that will commonly develop smut.

be more important than hybrid when it comes to tillering in a given year. If you are growing a hybrid that yields well, do not abandon it just because it has tillers. Generally, tillering is neither detrimental nor beneficial to corn yield. Tillers rarely form ears that contribute directly to yield, but the photosynthate produced by the tillers can translocate to the main stalk if no ear forms on the tiller. One annoying feature is that tillers very commonly produce ‘tassel-ears’, which are tassels that develop kernels that look similar to an ear. Tassel-ears do not contribute significantly to yield, can be problematic in more southern environments that are prone to develop aflatoxins, and are commonly infected with smut or other diseases.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


Connecting Kids

with Agriculture



NDCUC SUPPORTS AG EXHIBIT AT RED RIVER ZOO The North Dakota Corn Utilization Council has partnered with NDSU Extension, the North Dakota Soybean Council, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) the Fargo Forum and various other organizations to enhance and improve the Children’s Zoo Farm at the Red River Zoo in Fargo. The Children’s Zoo Farm at the Red River Zoo, renovated in 2016, was designed to connect kids with agriculture through interactive exhibits, learning based play and upclose animal encounters. The Zoo Farm includes an indoor interpretive center, livestock exhibits, a learning garden, and a new attraction named Nature’s Playland. In the fall of 2016, Abbey Wick, Soil Health Specialist for NDSU Extension, was visiting the zoo with her young son when she noticed the crop area of the Zoo Farm was in need of improvement. The variety of corn that was planted had barely grown and the soil quality was very poor. Wick talked to Zoo Director, Sally Jacobson, and offered her knowledge and commitment to helping the Zoo improve the exhibit. Wick then reached out to sponsors for funding and insight.

The indoor interpretive center is now home to a combine cab, donated by Skunes Farms. In the future, the combine cab will be programmed to include interactive video for visitors to experience driving and operating a combine. The indoor interpretive center also features a replica airplane used for various practices in agriculture, donated by the North Dakota Agriculture Aviation Association.

The indoor interpretive center before improvements were made.

To highlight the improvements of the Children’s Zoo Farm, an event is being planned for July 22, from 10 am-5 pm. Agriculture Adventure Day will include entertainment and agriculture activities, like a soil health tunnel donated by NRCS, seed planting, zookeeper and farm talks, Penny and Pals kids music, tractors and other implements and much more! Pork sandwiches, served by NDSU’s BBQ Bootcamp, and dairy treats from Midwest Dairy Association will be available starting at 11 am until the food runs out. The event is open to the public and will be a great way for families to explore many different aspects of agriculture.

The corn crop grown at the zoo in 2016.

So far, the crop area has received 22 truckloads of new soil donated by Dirt Dynamics in Fargo. With the help of Peterson Farms Seed, corn, soybeans, wheat and sunflowers have been planted. Agassiz Seed has donated seed for cover crops and for the pollinator area. The exhibit also features a pollinator area for honey bee and butterfly activity.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

Corn, soybeans, wheat and sunflowers have been planted in the Zoo’s field area, which also received new soil.


FEREBEE JOINS ND CORN COUNCIL, ANDERSON TERMS OUT The North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) welcomed Robert Ferebee from Halliday, ND, to serve on the board, effective April 1. Ferebee farms and ranches with his father and two sons. They grow corn, wheat, canola and pulse crops and run a cow/calf operation. Ferebee and his wife Amy have four sons: Quinten, Kyle, Clay and Brock. He will represent the corn producers of District 7, which consists of McKenzie, Golden Valley, Slope, Bowman, Billings, Dunn, Stark, Hettinger, Adams, McLean, Mercer, Oliver, Morton, Grant, Sioux, Sheridan, Burleigh, Emmons, Wells, Kidder, Logan and McIntosh counties. Ferebee replaces Paul R. Anderson, from Coleharbor, who had represented District 7 since 2009. The NDCUC looks forward to the addition of Ferebee and thanks Anderson for his years of service to North Dakota corn farmers.

NDCUC chairman Scott German recognizes Paul Anderson for his years of service on the board.

FUNDING AVAILABLE FOR BIOFUEL INFRASTRUCTURE The North Dakota Ethanol Council (NDEC) has reported that the USDA has authorized use of the state’s unused Biofuels Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) funds. There is nearly $1 million in funding available for biofuel dispensers and tanks. The application deadline is October 31, 2017.

This is a unique opportunity to cost-effectively update your infrastructure while gaining a competitive advantage by providing a choice for consumers at the pump. Since the start of the North Dakota Blender Pump Program in 2010, ethanol sales in the state have increased by over 75%.

Eligible infrastructure includes:

The number of flex fuel vehicles in North Dakota has more than tripled over the past five years and is now at 121,500. This is an excellent indication of the demand for higher ethanol blend levels. E15 can also be used by all 2001 and newer light-duty vehicles. This approved group of vehicles (flex fuel and 2001 and newer) includes over 80 percent of the vehicles on the road today or roughly 840,000 vehicles in North Dakota.

• E15 Pumps: 50% of the costs of installation, up to $15,000. • E85 Pumps: 43% of the costs of installation, up $15,000. • Blender Pumps: 33% of the costs of installation, up to $14,985. • Tanks: 25% of the costs of installation, up to $25,000. In addition, NDEC will cover up to $2,000 toward completion of the required FSA-850 environmental evaluation form. NOTE: Costs of installation refer to the pump/tank, components and labor. Also, applicants cannot begin work on the project prior to contract.


With a production capacity of over 450 million gallons annually, North Dakota’s ethanol industry is well positioned to meet this increased demand and ready to partner with North Dakota retailers for the long term. For additional information, including guidelines and the application, visit or contact Andrea Pfennig, ND Department of Commerce program administrator, at 701-426-5295.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

15th annual

ND Corn Classic

Maple River Golf Club • August 8, 2017 Golfer Registration Form Registration:11 am • Shotgun Start: Noon • Supper: 5 pm Name:

Additional Golfers:


Name: ___________________________


Name: ___________________________

City, State & Zip:

Name: ___________________________


Singles will be assigned to teams that register 3 or fewer players.


Registration Fee Registration fee includes green fees, cart, lunch and steak supper

Each golfer receives 2 mulligans and 1 putt in the putting contest, sponsored by First State Bank of ND Golf: $125/golfer Ribeye steak supper (no golf): $20/person

Total: Please remit payment with this registration form. This form will serve as your invoice.

Payment Information Make checks payable to NDCGA Credit Card Type: ___________________________________ Name on Card: _____________________________________ Credit Card #: ______________________________________ Expiration Date: _________________ CVN: ______________

Return this form along with payment or credit card information to: NDCGA 1411 32nd St. S. • Ste. 2 Fargo, ND 58103 For more information, please contact Katelyn at 701-364-2250 or

This form and credit card processing are available on our website: North Dakota Corn Growers Association |


15th annual

ND Corn Classic

Maple River Golf Club • August 8, 2017

Sponsorship Opportunity! Sponsorships are available for the 15th annual ND Corn Classic golf tournament. Sign up today and take part in this perfect summertime networking and marketing event!

Hole Sponsor: $250 (recognition on hole green and event program) Lunch Sponsor: $500 (recognition on banner, website and event program) Supper Sponsor: $1,000 (recognition on banner, website, radio advertising, and event program) Tournament Sponsor: $5,000 (recognition on banner, website, radio advertising, event program and golfer registration forms, plus 1 free golf team)


Please remit payment with this registration form. This form will serve as your invoice.

Business Information Business Name: ______________________________________________ Contact Name: ______________________________________________ Mailing Address: _____________________________________________ City, State & Zip: _______________________________ Phone: ________________________________________ Email: _____________________________________

Payment Information Make checks payable to NDCGA Credit Card Type: ___________________________________ Name on Card: _____________________________________ Credit Card #: ______________________________________ Expiration Date: _________________ CVN: ______________ This form and credit card processing are available on our website:


Return this form along with payment or credit card information to: NDCGA 1411 32nd St. S. • Ste. 2 Fargo, ND 58103 For more information, contact Katelyn at 701-364-2250 or

North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

NDCGA BOARD MEMBERS PROMOTE ETHANOL AT FLY-IN In March, Jeff Enger, Kevin Skunes and Mike Clemens, North Dakota Corn Growers Association board members, attended the American Coalition of Ethanol (ACE) fly-in in Washington, DC. The event brought together retailers, ethanol producers, investors, corn growers, service and product providers to participate in over 120 meetings on Capitol Hill. The fly-in focused on encouraging co-sponsorship of bipartisan legislation recently introduced to extend Reid vapor pressure (RVP) relief to E15 to allow its use year-round, as well as expressing the importance of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Retailers provided lawmakers with real-life examples of the importance of the RFS and RVP regulatory relief. There was a consensus by participants that eliminating the RFS was not a priority for the legislators. Participants believed

North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

there is more awareness on Capitol Hill about ethanol and the RFS. Jeff Enger reported that legislators did not question issues such as using corn for fuel rather than food, like in the past. He added that attending the fly-in and discussing the benefits of ethanol with legislators is important and rewarding for farmers.

Mike Clemens (second from left), and wife Pam teamed up with ACE staff to meet with various lawmakers about ethanol.


PHOTOS FROM THE FIELD Left: Cattle on the Langley Ranch in Warwick, ND are let out to pasture for the spring. Below: Top left: Evan Thomas submitted his planting photo at sunset taken near Goodrich, ND. Top right: Andrew Grothmann poses with one of his lambs. He raises sheep near Hillsboro, ND. Bottom left: Andrew Mauch submitted a photo of his emerging corn near Mooreton, ND. Bottom right: Peter Bakkum submitted this planting photo. He farms near Mayville, ND.


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WORLD AG LEADERS MEET IN DUBLIN The US Grains Council’s (USGC) World Staff Conference in Dublin, Ireland, was held in early April. This biennial meeting brings USGC staff members and leaders from around the world together with commodity executives and staff to discuss current issues and future goals with trade. Dale Ihry, Executive director of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) attended the conference. The USGC develops export markets for US barley, corn, grain sorghum and related products, including ethanol and distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS). The NDCUC provides annual funding to USGC to fund exports specifically involving corn, ethanol, DDGs and livestock. USGC uses funding from its members to leverage USDA’s Market Access (MAP) and Foreign Market Development (FMD) programs to fund export programs and staff around the world. A recentlycompleted study of the “return on investment” (ROI) of these programs found that the funds provided by partners to USGC had an impressive ROI of 28 to 1. At the World Staff Conference, demand for corn and ethanol were discussed in depth. For example, the British exit from the European Union, or “Brexit,” is a concern for US trading partners and will need to be assessed and clarified. Corn and ethanol trade to new markets or developing markets is being added to the list of goals. Corn and ethanol markets in China, Mexico, and Japan are being reviewed for new trade or enhancement.

and dam funding. Over 60% of US corn is moved via the inland water system and through the New Orleans (NOLA) port. When Hurricane Katrina hit the gulf coast in 2005, the corn basis widened by $.40/bushel overnight due to disruption of river barges to NOLA, a big part of the aging infrastructure. Over 700 million gallons of ethanol move through river system to NOLA or Houston ports. Repairs to these locks and ports are essential for the long-term value of corn and other commodities shipped. One area of the 2018 Farm Bill that seems to be rising of importance is the need for more funding for trade programs. The programs that have worked positively for corn exports has been the USDA-FAS programs MAP and FMD. The current funding for these two programs is approximately $200 million annually, with many agricultural groups asking to retain or increase funding for these valuable programs. The discussion of trade is an issue that has been raised to one of the most important current issues in the US and specifically in agriculture. Our North Dakota Corn organizations continue their work on enhancing trade with the National Corn Growers Association, USGC, other commodity groups and our congressional delegation.

Sustainability of crop production is becoming an important issue to more trade partners. Many markets are looking for proof that grains and products are coming from sustainable agriculture. Corporations worldwide are placing more emphasis on sustainability. 92% of the top 250 corporations report on their sustainability to their board, shareholders and consumers. US infrastructure for roads, rivers and bridges needs an upgrade. The US river infrastructure has very aged locks and dams. Commodities shipped through the inland water system should consider partnering with other groups to ask for the support and additional lock

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


NDCGA LEGISLATIVE REPORT One of the most important roles of the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) is the effort put towards policy development during the biennial North Dakota legislative session, which was completed in late April. The NDCGA focused on bills affecting agriculture, including transportation, property, research funding and taxation. As indicated prior to and throughout the legislative session, budget shortfalls and finding savings were the main emphasis of the Legislature and the Governor’s office during the four-month session. The legislation that NDCGA was tracking that have been signed into law include the following: • HB 1009 – the North Dakota Department of Agriculture budget bill, which included funding for the National Agricultural Genotyping Center (NAGC). North Dakota Corn has been a supporter of bringing NAGC to the state.

• SB 2245 – is a study to determine if land owned by the state of North Dakota can be used by land owners to mitigate wetland acres. • SB 2262 – prohibits enactment of new ordinances or resolutions by cities, counties and townships on the sales, distribution, handling, uses or application of fertilizer. As our legislative representation is becoming more urban, it is imperative that groups like NDCGA continue to educate and advocate for issues pertaining to agriculture. Many thanks to the Legislature and the Governor’s office, along with the effort of the commodity groups working together on these and other bills.

• HB 1126 – the Public Service Commission and its oversight of public warehouses, grain buyer licensing and insolvencies. • HB 1255 – a large truck primary highway network which allows higher weight permits to be issued for vehicles up to 129,000 pounds; limited to certain defined highways. • HB 1321 – weight limitations for agriculture products during harvest, allows for weight limits to be increased by 10% for field to storage or field to sale. • HB 1390 – applicable to subsurface drainage projects that clarifies and provided more uniform drainage/tiling permitting processes. • SB 2020 – the NDSU research and extension bill; efforts were made to reduce the level of cuts to programs and research. • SB 2047 – gives property owners additional rights when government uses eminent domain procedures to acquire property.


North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

ROLE OF COVER CROPS IN A WEED MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DR. ABBEY WICK - NDSU EXTENSION SOIL HEALTH SPECIALIST Selecting multiple modes of action for weed management is critical to maintaining control throughout the growing season. One practice which is gaining popularity as part of a weed management program is the inclusion of cover crops, specifically cereal rye. This has benefits for both weed management and soil health with regards to minimizing erosion, managing moisture, supporting microbial communities and building soil aggregation. Within the NDSU Soil Health Program, we have completed two years of research conducted at a field scale that included measuring weed pressures when using cereal rye. We continue to collect information like this from commodity funded projects, including the SHARE Farm.

farmers say about their experiences with cereal rye on-farm. The competition and alleleopathic effect do not completely eliminate weeds, which is why herbicide application needs to continue to be part of the weed management program. There are additional benefits of the rye residue to controlling weeds later in the growing season. We have not measured these benefits, but are observing that cereal rye rolled after planting soybean provides a nice mat of residue that is helping to control weeds. But whether you spray it and roll it or leave the rye residue standing, there are clear benefits to utilizing rye in a weed management program.

The reasons cereal rye works so effectively at controlling weeds is through competition, alleleopathy (or chemical that leaks out of the rye roots) and a residue layer after termination. Cereal rye is most commonly seeded in the fall after harvest or interseeded into a crop like corn after 5-8 leaf stage. Cereal rye will establish in the fall if seeded after harvest or between the corn rows if interseeded, overwinter and put on a lot of grow early in the spring. The benefits to weed control are in both the fall and spring. In the case of inter-seeding, the cereal rye will also grow in skips or drown-out areas where weeds would typically establish.

Weed pressures in rye and non rye strips.

Photo by Lee Briese

Weed control by cereal rye.

In our field studies, we found the number of weeds in the spring was the same in non-rye and rye strips; however, weed biomass was 10x higher in non-rye strips than rye strips. This was consistently observed in Richland and Sargent counties and fits with what I’ve been hearing

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Including cover crops can get a little tricky when considering herbicide residual. We ALWAYS recommend that farmers pick their herbicide program first and then fit cover crops into that program. If you’re wondering what cover crops can seeded based on what herbicides were used - Lee Briese, Independent Crop Consultant with Centrol Ag, has posted a guide on how different cover crops are related to weeds and crops. Getting familiar with this guide can help minimize risk of herbicide residual effects on including cover crops in rotation. You can find this guide on Rich Zollinger’s webpage: weed-control-guides/herbicides-and-cover-crops/view As we continue to collect more information, we will post it on the NDSU Soil Health webpage ( or you can follow me on Twitter @NDSUsoilhealth.


WHERE DOES OUR CORN GO? Trade has been a trending topic in the state and nationally. Both the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council and North Dakota Corn Growers Association have determined that trade and market development are high priority areas to continue work in. The United States corn usage and trade data shows our top trade partners of corn for grain in recent years have been Canada and Mexico. Canada is also a lead importer of ethanol. Per the North Dakota Trade Office, in 2014, the corn crop in North Dakota had export value of $249 million.

world’s population resides outside of the United States, trade continues to carry great importance in the valuation of our agricultural products. Trade will continue to be a priority for both North Dakota corn organizations. We look forward to participating with the US Grains Council and the National Corn Growers Association to further promote and enhance trade.

In 2015, the most recent year that corn and by-product data is available, the corn production uses in North Dakota were as follows: • ND was the 12th largest producer of corn in the US, with 328 million bushels harvested • 51% of the 2015 corn use was for grinding into ethanol in our five ethanol plants in the state. • 35% of the corn was exported out of state; with over 1/3 going to the Pacific Northwest for export. • 14% of the corn was used in state for livestock feed and other uses. In 2016, the United States trade programs for all commodities had an export value of $103 billion, which translates into the increase of farm incomes by up to $27 billion. With current data indicating that 96% of the

Mark your calendars for Friday, July 28 when the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) and Tim Hoggarth, from Rob-See-Co, will be sponsoring a race night at the Red River Valley Speedway in West Fargo. NDCUC members will be at the race to promote ethanol and cheer on our racer, Jason Strand of E85 Racing. Join us for a night of fun for the whole family and 85 cent popcorn! More race details are available on the Red River Valley Speedway’s website:


Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


RURAL LEADERSHIP ND SEEKING CLASS 8 PARTICIPANTS If you want to improve your farm, ranch operation, community, business, or organization and develop your personal skills, the North Dakota State University Extension Service’s Rural Leadership North Dakota program can help. Rural Leadership North Dakota (RLND) is looking for participants for its eighth class, which begins in November 2017. RLND is an 18-month leadership development program that prepares leaders for North Dakota’s future. The program includes in-state seminars with experts; tours of agricultural and community businesses; out-of-state trips (Washington, D.C., and Minneapolis in 2018) to meet with agricultural, business and government leaders; and a trip to another country (destination to be determined) to learn about international agricultural and community issues. Previous classes have visited Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama, Thailand and Vietnam. The program helps participants enhance their leadership skills, such as thinking critically and creatively, communicating effectively, self-awareness, decision making, strategic planning and managing conflict. They also learn about agricultural and rural policy, the agricultural economy and future trends that could affect North Dakota, finding innovative ways to fund local and regional development projects, marketing, civic engagement, the value of coalitions and partnerships, industry and community advocacy, and how to work with the state Legislature.

In addition, participants create a network of contacts and resources they can continue to tap into for ideas, answers and support long after they graduate from the program. “Rural Leadership North Dakota is the premier statewide leadership program in North Dakota,” says Marie Hvidsten, RLND program director. “If you are seeking a once-in-alifetime opportunity to learn more about yourself, the state, country and world to help move North Dakota forward, then we want you in Class VIII of the RLND program.” The tuition for the RLND program is $4,000. That covers all meals, hotels and travel expenses such as buses during in-state seminars and airfare to out-of-state seminars. Participants are responsible for their travel costs to in-state seminars and points of departure for out-of-state seminars. The deadline to apply for RLND Class VIII (2017-19) is June 30. Applicants must have been a state resident for at least a year and be able to attend all of the seminars. For more information or to apply or nominate someone for the class, visit RLND’s website at rlnd, send an email to or call (701) 231-5803. Also check out RLND on Facebook at One hundred forty-three people from 78 communities in 38 counties have participated in RLND since it began in November 2003.

SAVE THE DATE: NDEPA GOLF SCRAMBLE The North Dakota Ethanol Producers Association will be holding their PAC Golf Scramble on August 21st at the Oxbow Country Club. For additional information or to register, please call (701) 355-4458 or email office@


North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

ND CORN CLASSIC GOLF TOURNAMENT The 15th annual ND Corn Classic golf tournament will be held August 8, 2017 at the Maple River Golf Club in Mapleton, ND. This event is a great opportunity for networking, marketing and fun! Golfer registration and sponsorship opportunities are available now. Teams of 4 golfers can register by completing the registration form at, or the registration form included in this issue on page 9. The form on our website can process credit card transactions. Registration fees include green fees, cart, lunch and steak supper. The prices for golfing are as follows: • Golf: $125/person • Steak supper only with no golf: $20/person Single golfers will be assigned to teams that register 3 or fewer players. All golfers will receive 2 mulligans and 1 putt in the putting contest, sponsored by the First State Bank of North Dakota. Sponsorships are also available for the event. Sponsors can register by completing the sponsorship form on our website or the form included in this issue on page 10. Sponsorship options are as follows: • Hole Sponsor: $250 (recognition on hole green and event program) • Lunch Sponsor: $500 (recognition on banner, website and event program) • Supper Sponsor: $1,000 (recognition on banner, website, radio advertising, and event program)

CORPORATE SPONSORS Thank you for your support! EXECUTIVE LEVEL DEKALB DuPont Pioneer Tharaldson Ethanol PRINCIPAL LEVEL Dyna-Gro Seed Farm & Ranch Guide Peterson Farms Seed Proseed Wensman Seed CORE LEVEL AgCountry Farm Credit BASF The Chemical Company Cargill Legend Seeds, Inc. Monsanto BioAg Mustang Seeds Mycogen Seeds

• Tournament Sponsor: $5,000 (recognition on banner, website, radio advertising, event program and golfer registration forms, plus 1 free golf team) Contact Katelyn at with any questions. We look forward to hosting another successful and fun event!

North Dakota Corn Growers Association |


STATUS OF CORN ROOTWORMS IN NORTH DAKOTA DR. JANET KNODEL - NDSU EXTENSION ENTOMOLOGIST VERONICA CALLES-TORREZ - NDSU DEPT. OF ENTOMOLOGY There are two corn rootworm species in North Dakota (ND), the northern corn rootworm (NCR; Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence) and the western corn rootworm (WCR; Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte). The NCR adult (Fig. 1) is about 1/4 inch in length and tan to pale green beetles. The WCR adult (Fig. 2) is about 3/16 to 5/16 inch in length and yellow-green with three longitudinal stripes for females and a solid black marking for males.

Photo by V. Calles-Torrez

Fig. 1: NCR adult

From 2013 to 2015, we surveyed 51 cornfields in ND for adult corn rootworms using unbaited Pherocon AMÂŽ yellow sticky traps (Fig. 5) and ScentryTM Multigard Trap green sticky traps. In southeastern ND, both NCR and WCR were trapped at higher densities than in other trapped areas of ND (see map), probably due to the higher acreage of its host plant, field corn. Densities of both species were low overall and ranged from zero to >10 adults per trap per week. Low densities of NCRs were present in the northern area of ND, but no WCRs. Overall, 76 percent of the cornfields trapped

Photo by J. Knodel

Fig. 2: WCR adult

Both species have one generation per year and corn is their primary host. Corn rootworms overwinter as eggs in the soil. Most larvae hatch from the eggs from late-May through June in North Dakota. Larvae (Fig. 3) are about 1/2 inch long when mature, white to cream with a brown head capsule and anal plate, and go through three growth stages before pupation (resting non-feeding stage). Adults begin emerging from the pupal stage in about one week usually during mid-July in North Dakota. Corn rootworm larvae (Fig. 3) damage corn plants by feeding on, tunneling in, and severing the roots from lateMay through June. Larval feeding injury interferes with water and nutrient uptake and also can cause lodging or goose-necking when root feeding injury is severe. Lodging can complicate harvest, and severe larval root feeding can cause economic yield loss. Adults of both species feed on corn leaves, silks, pollen, and kernels (Fig. 4). Although


uncommon in ND, severe adult silk feeding can interfere with corn pollination during anthesis.

Photo by P. Beauzay

Fig. 3: Larval feeding on corn

had corn rootworms present, but most at non-economic population levels. Since 2014, corn rootworm populations have continued to remain low in ND due to cold winters and overwintering mortality of egg, and other factors. In another study, adult corn rootworm emergence was monitored in Bt and non-Bt hybrid corn plots with subplots of ForceÂŽ 3G (tefluthrin) soil insecticide applied at 5 oz. per 1,000 row-feet. Plots were monitored weekly from July through October. Bt toxins evaluated were Cry3Bb1, Cry34/35Ab1, and pyramided (Cry3Bb1 + Cry34/35Ab1) proteins. Field sites included Arthur and Wyndmere in 2013;

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

For effective pest management of corn rootworms in ND, extension entomologists recommend: • Use crop rotation as the number one management strategy for reducing corn rootworm populations. Rotate your fields to non-host crops (e.g., wheat, soybean, sunflower) after corn. Corn rootworms mainly depend on corn as a food plant, and larvae usually will starve to death without corn.

Photo by V. Calles-Torrez

Fig. 4: NCR adult feeding

Arthur, Page, and Hope in 2014; and Page in 2015. All Bt corn hybrids had significantly lower numbers of corn rootworm adults emerging compared to the non-Bt corn plots. The total number of adults emerged for both species was lowest in pyramided Bt corn hybrid. Larval root feeding ratings were low across all Bt proteins tested. Force® 3G soil insecticide did not reduce beetle emergence regardless of the Bt corn hybrid or site. Seed treatment (Poncho® 1250; clothianidin) also was evaluated, but did not reduce adult emergence when comparing treated vs. untreated non-Bt corn. For 50% cumulative adult emergence for both species, all Bt corn proteins delayed emergence about one week compared to non-Bt corn. The 50% adult emergence occurred between late-August to early September for nonBt and Bt-corn plots.

Photo by V. Calles-Torrez

• Control volunteer corn in other rotational field crops to prevent isolated populations of corn rootworms, which could serve as pockets of Bt or insecticide resistant populations. • When a Bt corn hybrid is planted make sure to plant the refuge (non-Bt corn) seeds according to guidelines on the bag tag of the Bt corn seed. • Adding a soil insecticide to the Bt corn hybrid did not reduce corn rootworm adult emergence or increase the corn yield. • Each year, growers should use a different Bt protein (toxin) to mitigate the development of corn rootworm resistance to Bt corn hybrids, thus allowing more years of use for each Bt protein. Funding for this research was provided by the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council. The authors gratefully acknowledge their support.

Fig.5: Sticky trap on the corn stalk at ear height.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


PILOT PROGRAM INTENDS TO IMPROVE ARC-CO PROGRAM and payment calculations. FSA will first need to identify states that will be part of the ARC-CO Pilot program. The pilot will allow FSA state committees to use an alternate determination of county yield to calculate the ARC-CO payments, if one is realized. The pilot is limited to $5 million.

The enactment of H.R. 244, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2017, included the ARC-CO Pilot Program offered by Senator Hoeven which is intended to alleviate yield disparities in the Farm Service Agency’s (FSA) ARC-CO program. The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) and National Corn Growers Associations worked with Senator Hoeven on this effort. Concerns were raised about the ARC-CO program and FSA’s policy in the determination of county yields for calculating benchmarks and current year yields. Starting in 2014, the first year of ARC-CO, there were counties in North Dakota and other states that did not have county yield data published by NASS. This resulted in a policy where FSA automatically used a different yield source to determine these county yields. This often resulted in yields that were not representative of what growers would have realized had NASS data been used or made available. The ARC-CO Pilot program is expected to be implemented by FSA this fall when they work on the 2016 crop year yields

NDCGA Board of Directors

District 1: Carson Klosterman, Wyndmere (President) District 1: Andrew Braaten, Barney District 2: Randy Melvin, Buffalo (Vice President) District 2: Tim Kozojed, Hillsboro District 3: Andrew Torkelson, Grafton District 3: Paul Thomas, Velva (Secretary/Treasurer) District 4: Robert Hanson, Wimbledon District 4: Ryan Wanzek, Jamestown District 5: Justin Halvorson, Sheldon District 5: Kyle Speich, Milnor District 6: Chris Erlandson, Oakes District 6: Bart Schott, Kulm District 7: Anthony Mock, Kintyre District 7: Clark Price, Hensler

Carson Klosterman, president of NDCGA, had this to say about the inclusion of the ARC-CO Pilot program in the recently passed appropriations bill: “the passage of appropriations bill is evidence that there is a pay-off of hard work and perseverance by the Senator, his staff, and the commodity groups who helped find support on passage of the bill. We will continue to work with the Senator’s office related to the implementation phase of the ARC-CO Pilot program. We hope this will alleviate some of the concerns we have expressed with FSA about their current county yield cascade system for the 2016 crop year and that this will provide direction of yield policy in the subsequent program years.”

ND Corn Utilization Council

District 1: Arnie Anderson, Hankinson District 2: Jason Rayner, Finley (Vice Chairman) District 3: Paul Belzer, Cando District 4: Dave Swanson, New Rockford District 5: Terry Wehlander, DeLamere (Secretary) District 6: Scott German, Oakes (Chairman) District 7: Robert Ferebee, Halliday

Director-at-large: Mike Clemens, Wimbledon Director-at-large: Jeff Enger, Marion Director-at-large: Kevin Skunes, Arthur Director-at-large: Larry Hoffmann, Wheatland

NDCGA Industry Directors

Vern Anderson: Livestock Consultant, Carrington Gary Geske: Latham Hi Tech Seeds, Enderlin Ray Kotchian: Prairieland Ag Inc., Fargo Tom Cook: Cargill, Wahpeton


North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

COUNTY CORN REPRESENTATIVES Corn Council District 1 County



Arnie Anderson

Corn Council District 5 District Rep. x

Corn Council District 2 County



Patrick Skunes


Jason Rayner


Steve Doeden

District Rep.




Justin Halvorson


Terry Wehlander




Scott German


Dennis Feiken Name

Randy Simon


Jordan Christman


Paul Smetana






Tony Pierce


Mike Muhs


Lance Hagen


BJ Wehrman


Robert Ferebee

Grand Forks

Greg Amundson


Alex Deis


Jason Schiele

Golden Valley

Steve Zook


Nevis Hoff


Cody VandenBurg


David Steffan


Darwyn Mayer


James Cusey




Dennis Erbele


Nick Schmaltz


Anthony Neu


Paul Becker


CJ Thorne




Paul Anderson




Riley Schriefer


Paul Belzer


Elwood Barth


Timothy Zikmund


Clark Price


Gary Neshem





Jarrod Becker

Corn Council District 4


Ryan Stroh


Duane Zent


Richard Lies






Jeff Enger


Bill Smith


David Swanson


Troy Haugen


Kevin Haas

District Rep. x

Corn Council District 7 County



Corn Council District 6


Corn Council District 3 County

District Rep.

District Rep.


District Rep.

District Rep.



Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


1411 32 n d S t. S outh, S uite 2 • Fargo, N D 58103 - 63 0 4 • (701) 36 4 -2250

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June/July 2017 Corn Talk Newsletter  

Corn Talk Newsletter

June/July 2017 Corn Talk Newsletter  

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