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CORN TALK March/April 2019

A publication for North Dakota corn producers

Photo by Katherine Plessner























PRINCIPAL LEVEL Dyna-Gro Seed Peterson Farms Seed

CORE LEVEL AgCountry Farm Credit Legend Seeds, Inc. Cargill

Thank you! 2

North Dakota Corn Growers Association |


Randy Melvin President North Dakota Corn Growers Association

The North Dakota Corn Growers Association has been busy this legislative session. We are tracking several bills that impact corn growers in North Dakota. Below is a brief update on a few of the bills we have been monitoring. Senate Bill 2315 is the private property rights bill. The initial hearing of the bill drew a large crowd to the Brynhild Haugland Room in the capitol. Original bill language would have reversed the assumption that all land is considered open unless posted and would eliminate the time and cost of posting. An amendment made to the bill maintains the current law that all land is considered open to hunting but all other uses would be considered trespassing. The amended bill allows landowners who want to keep their land open, the ability to list those parcels on an electronic database available to the public. The electronic database and app would show a color-coded map for hunting purposes. Green will indicate land open to hunting, yellow will indicate that the landowner requires permission and red will indicate that the land is unavailable to hunters. The bill passed 28 to 18 in the Senate and is now being debated in the House. House Bill 1383 would create an environmental impact advisory board to direct the distribution of mitigation funds to be used to reclaim and enhance habitat and wetlands when energy development affects those

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resources on private property. The NDCGA has worked closely with Representative Mike Brandenburg on this bill. The bill passed in the House 73 to 17. Senate Bill 2297 provides an appropriation for capital projects of various state departments and institutions and authorizes the industrial commission to issue bonds. One of the projects included in this bill is the Agriculture Products Development Center (APDC). The APDC would be built at North Dakota State University and would include a cereal lab, the Northern Crops Institute and an updated meats lab. SB 2297 was passed 46 to 0 in the Senate. Senate Bill 2345 was introduced to provide regulatory certainty and fair permitting mechanisms in place for livestock enterprises seeking to locate or expand in North Dakota. The bill stipulates that local control remains paramount, but that officials need to respond to applications and not delay efforts or change the rules after an application has been received. The bill passed 38 to 7 in the Senate. Senate Bill 2360 changes the definition of farm income to use gross income, instead of net income. The bill adopts the IRS definition of a farmer, which is two thirds or more of annual gross income from farming activities during any of the two preceding calendar years. The bill also removes the present $40,000 cap for allowable off-farm income. The bill passed 34 to 11 in the Senate, came out of the Finance and Taxation Committee with a do-pass recommendation of 11-2 and passed in the house 74-18. It now awaits the Governor’s signature. The North Dakota Corn Growers Association is now sending Member Alerts to inform members on issues happening in the legislature. If you would like to receive these alerts, please visit and click on the "Public Policy" page under the "News & Resources" tab. I hope you all have a safe and productive planting season.


LOOKING TOWARD SPRING Terry Wehlander Chairman North Dakota Corn Utilization Council

Spring is on its way and there are plenty of things keeping us busy as we prepare and plan. Amidst the excitement, there are plenty of things that may be cause for anxiety as well. Not the least of which are impending flood warnings as the weather warms. I would be remiss to ignore the issues we are all experiencing right now within the farm economy. Stress for farmers has always been a near-constant due to uncertain weather, animal illness, fluctuating markets and trade, and unforeseen disaster. In fact, farming ranks in the top ten most stressful occupations in the United States. In recent years, the devastating effects of farm related stress have received both national and international attention as prices for agricultural products fall and labor prices rise. While opening up about these challenges can be intimidating, it is important to take care of ourselves and be a resource for one another when it comes to stress management. As we already know, good stress management is good farm or ranch management! At this year’s Northern Corn and Soybean Expo at the FargoDome attendees had the opportunity to hear from experts in their respective fields and learn strategies for dealing with stress. These included: - Resting and Renewing Yourself - Engaging in Healthy Communication - Focusing on Relationships


Of course, keeping an eye out for signs of stress in our friends and neighbors is equally important. Don’t be afraid to offer help, if you are in a place to do so! We can manage stress by becoming more engaged in our relationships with friends and family, and in community and state organizations. I encourage all of you to participate or get involved in your communities or seek opportunities at a state level. One of the ways to support our industry is by serving on the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC). By serving on the NDCUC I have become part of a community that works diligently on behalf of North Dakota farmers and have gained new friendships with other farmers across the state. It has given me insight into how our industry is doing state and nationwide and has allowed me to see the bigger picture. Those of us serving on the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council are dedicated to finding solutions for North Dakota farmers through research, education and promotion. In this issue of Corn Talk you will find exciting updates from our researchers (pg 5 and pg 20) as well as information regarding the Center for Biocomposites and Bioplastics, of which the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council is now a supporting member. Leveraging these check-off dollars toward university supported research and the creation of high value corn based products is one way the ND Corn Council is working to increase corn value and alleviate stressors on farmers in our home state. If you have questions regarding the work of the Council, or would like to become more involved, contact the council member representing your district. You can find a full listing of Council members on page 26. Whether it’s support for a neighbor or serving on a commodity board, there is strength in numbers, and that’s where we can make changes to better farm life. Wishing you all a safe and stress free spring season!

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

STRUCTURING CORN OIL TO REPLACE SATURATED FATS By Dr. Bingcan Chen, NDSU Plant Sciences Department Shortening is a functional ingredient that has been widely used in the baking industry. Partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs), the core ingredient that was used to manufacture shortening, is banned by the FDA from food use. They are likely replaced by butter or tropical oils (palm oil and coconut oil). Certainly, the replacement of PHOs by palm or coconut oil is not a promising means since both oils contain extremely high amounts of saturated fatty acids. As a matter of fact, food manufacturers and scientists are seeking alternative approaches that can replace PHOs and produce shortening that can mimic the physical properties of PHOs-based shortening while maintaining the balanced fatty acid profile. The Food Science Research program led by Dr. Bingcan Chen at NDSU is trying to transform liquid corn oil into a semi-solid structure called oleogels using food grade gelling agents. The long term goal of this group is to minimize the amount of gelling agents in fabricating corn oil oleogels with great performance. The newly developed corn oil oleogel is anticipated to possess solid-like properties similar to PHOs and

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

can be used in the baking industry. The utilization of corn oil oleogel in the baking industry is considered a significant advantage contributing to the decrease of saturated fat in the diet since they contain high amounts of unsaturated fatty acids and low amounts of saturated fatty acids. The physical property of fabricated oleogels, including thermal behavior, viscoelastic properties, and crystalline is the key to determine the quality of finished baking products. Under the support of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council, Dr. Chen’s group has been investigating the impact of gelling agents and gelling process on the physical properties of corn oil oleogels. After optimizing the gelling process and gelling agents, corn oil oleogel will be applied to prepare cookies and the quality of which will be compared with the one made by the commercial shortenings. The results will again be used to guide the design of corn oil oleogels. The success of structuring liquid corn oil to plastic-like properties similar to commercial vegetable shortenings will expand the utilization of corn oil in the food industry.


NORTH DAKOTA CORN MOURNS THE LOSS OF EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Earlier this year, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council and North Dakota Corn Growers Association Executive Director, Dale Ihry, passed away due to complications from a recent illness. Dale did much to further the mission and vision of the organizations and was a respected commodity executive that represented North Dakota Corn on a state and national level. Ihry had served ND Corn in this capacity since 2015. Prior to 2015 he was the Farm Service Agency (FSA) Director in charge of Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs in North Dakota since 1987. In both roles, Ihry maintained close working relationships with federal USDA agencies, the U.S. Attorney’s Office, State government agencies, the Governor’s office, congressional offices, commodity groups and agricultural media. He brought passion, experience and energy to his role with ND Corn. “Dale worked tirelessly for agriculture throughout his career. Dale’s contributions to our organizations, our community, and our industry are indispensable. He will be greatly missed,” said Terry Wehlander of DeLamere,

ND, ND Corn Utilization Council chairman. Randy Melvin of Buffalo, N.D., president of the North Dakota Corn Growers, shared that the state has “lost a leader who worked tirelessly for the farmers of North Dakota for many, many years” and said that it was an “absolute pleasure” working with Ihry. Melvin said Ihry was a mentor, and the two worked on a National Corn Growers Association Risk Management Action Team, which Melvin chairs. Jean Henning has been named Interim Executive Director for the North Dakota Corn Council and a decision regarding the Executive Director position for the Council will be made at their April 3, 2019 Council meeting. Lisa Hochhalter has been named Executive Director for the North Dakota Corn Growers Association. Lisa has been working for the Legislative Council during the legislative session and will begin her duties part time at the Association on May 1, 2019. Hochhalter will be full time beginning August 1, 2019.

ND Agriculture Commissioner Doug Goehring visits with former Executive Director Dale Ihry during the grand opening of the National Agriculture Genotyping Center in 2016.


Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

4,000+ NORTH DAKOTA FOURTH GRADERS LEARN THE VALUE OF CORN Did you know that there are over 3,500 uses for corn? Now you do, and so do more than 4,000 students from North Dakota and Minnesota. Living Ag Classroom has returned again to North Dakota and is one of the most anticipated and attended features of trade shows statewide. The Living Ag Classroom is designed to educate elementary school-aged children on the diversity of agriculture in the state of North Dakota, and its role in feeding the nation and the rest of the world. The Living Ag Classroom is a walk-through educational seminar, and the “Farm to Fork” events teach students about many commodities, soil, careers and farm safety. Participating students will rotate through different handson activities in an effort to help teach them all about North Dakota agriculture and the process that puts food on their plates. Each activity is sponsored by one of the various commodity groups. These groups set up the booths and provide a 5-7 minute presentation to help teach students about production agriculture. The program is geared toward fourth graders because that is when students are learning about their home state as a part of their school curriculum. Commodity groups and presenters provide free

The Living Ag Classroom display set up in Jamestown.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

resources for teachers and students at the end of each event. Among other resources, the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council provides each student with a “North Dakota Ag Mag” – an eight-page activity booklet focused on corn grown in North Dakota and its many uses. These resources fuel additional learning and curiosity about the agricultural industry and the North Dakota farmers that make it great. The Living Ag Classroom has continued to grow in popularity as its importance is seen throughout the agriculture community. With the number of farms declining, and the average producer age continuing to go higher, it is becoming even more important that children are being educated about the industry. Youth are becoming far removed from agriculture and want to understand how their food is grown and how livestock provide many essential parts to the food cycle. Living Ag Classroom events offer teachers the opportunity to provide this key learning experience for their students. The North Dakota Corn Utilization council participates in Living Ag Classroom events throughout the state, including the events in Bismarck, Fargo, Jamestown and Lisbon.

NDCGA Communications Director, Heidie Haugo shows students the different uses of corn.


NDCGA ANNOUNCES PHOTO CONTEST WINNERS The North Dakota Corn Growers Association is proud to have held a photo contest in 2019. Many great entries were received. Entries had to be taken in North Dakota, depict the corn industry, and be taken by an amateur. Entries will be used for marketing and promotional purposes. Congratulations to our winners (right), and thank you to everyone that entered! Our winning photo, taken by Katherine Plessner from Verona, is featured on the front cover of this issue.

1st Place: Katherine Plessner, Verona

NDCGA AWARDS TEN SCHOLARSHIPS The North Dakota Corn Growers Association is proud to award scholarships to ten student members. Scholarships are awarded based on academics, school and community involvement, and impact on the future of agriculture. Our scholarships recipients for 2019 are: District 1: Brooklyn Kuzel, Lidgerwood District 2: Logan Rayner, Finley District 3: Wesley Kemp, Cavalier District 4: Larissa Larson, Grace City District 5: Lydia Lyons, Lisbon District 7: Chase Bader, Lehr

2nd Place: Mary Morken, Casselton

At-Large recipients: Kennedy Flaa, Galchutt Grace Dragseth, Williston Alyssa Kemp, Cavalier Bethany Anderson, Harvey Congratulations to all recipients and thank you to all that applied for the NDCGA scholarship.

3rd Place: Amanda Toussaint, Whapeton


North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

PLANNING FOR THE NEW FARMING FAMILY Kyle Barlow Attorney Fredrikson & Byron, P.A.

I frequently talk with my farm family clients about estate planning and how to best divide their estate between their children. For many of my clients, the farmland they own makes up most of their estate. Typically, my clients have multiple children, but only one of the children farms. For these clients, it is important to divide their estate fairly and for the farming operations to continue after they pass away. To provide a few options to meet these goals, let's look at a farm family. A Typical Farm Family Scenario John and Sally have been married for 30 years. John and Sally own 12 quarters of land. They have three children: Scott, Jane and Brian. Jane is a nurse living in the city, Brian is an accountant living in another state and Scott stayed home to farm. Since John retired, Scott took over, but he relies on John and Sally’s land to earn his yearly income. Risk of Not Having an Estate Plan If John and Sally die without a will, they will die intestate. This means that state statutes in the state in which John and Sally live will decide how their estate is divided. While these statutes can vary, in a situation like John and Sally’s, most states would divide their estate equally between Scott, Jane and Brian. While this may seem acceptable, it will have an effect on Scott’s ability to continue the farm. It could mean that Scott, Jane and Brian would end up co-owning some or all of the land with each other. Co-ownership of land can lead to disputes between farming and non-farming children about how it is used and rental amounts paid by the farming child. In addition, co-ownership of land

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means that any one of Scott, Jane or Brian could force the sale of the land without the consent of the others. In either of these scenarios, Scott might not have access to any of the land for his farming operations, so this result is not acceptable. Possible Estate Planning Solutions First, John and Sally need an estate plan that sets out how their estate is to be divided when they die. It is important that John and Sally understand that treating their children fairly does not mean they are treated equally. Scott gave up other job and earning opportunities to stay home and farm. He also maintains the farmstead even though he does not own it. Therefore, it might be fair for John and Sally to give him a larger portion of their estate. In scenarios like John and Sally’s, it is important to remember that fair does not necessarily mean equal. Second, John and Sally might consider specifically laying out which of their children is to own each of their 12 quarters of land. This will result in Scott, Jane and Brian owning farmland separate from one another so that the issues with co-ownership outlined above can be avoided. Finally, John and Sally might consider the formation of a family limited liability limited partnership (LLLP) to own their farmland. The LLLP will be made up of general partners and limited partners. The general partners will have the right to manage the partnership assets, while the limited partners will equally share in the income of the partners. The LLLP will require a majority of the partners agree to the sale of any of the farmland. John and Sally could decide to make Scott the general partner following their death so that he could continue his farming operations, but make sure the limited partnership interests are divided fairly so Scott, Jane and Brian receive a fair distribution of partnership income. With careful and well thought out estate planning, your estate can be divided between your farming and nonfarming children in a way that is fair to everyone and will allow the farming operations to continue into the future. Kyle Barlow is an attorney with Fredrikson & Byron, P.A., in Fargo, ND, who specializes in estate and succession planning. If you would like to speak to Kyle regarding a transition plan for your farm, contact him at kbarlow@


FINDING COMMONGROUND - ND VOLUNTEERS ATTEND NATIONAL TRAINING For many consumers, trust has been wavering in farmers and the food system. Many no longer enjoy the foods they eat due to safety and quality concerns. More than any other demographic, parents harbor these fears when shopping for their families. Farmers are often asked questions about farm ownership, food safety, labeling, animal welfare, antibiotics and hormones, sustainability and more. With so many food choices available, the farmers of CommonGround want to serve as a resource to educate families about food and farming. Founded in 2011 by the United Soybean Board and the National Corn Growers Association, CommonGround is directly supported by the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council. The organization focuses on starting conversations between women who grow food, and the people who buy it. It is a conversation based on the volunteer’s personal experience as a farmer, as well as science and research. It is the goal of CommonGround to help consumers understand that their food is not grown by a factory; it is grown by people. They aim to clear up confusion about the way food gets from farm to table so that consumers can feel good about trusting the people and the process behind their food.

(L-R) Elli Ressler, Anna Lemm, Christie Jaeger and Heidie Haugo.


In early March, two CommonGround North Dakota volunteers – Anna Lemm and Elli Ressler – joined CommonGround North Dakota staff members – Christie Jaeger and Heidie Haugo – in Kansas City, MO for a three-day training and a consumer event meant to help dispel food concerns and shine a light on food guilt. CommonGround volunteers from across the nation gathered in Kansas City to prepare for the well-attended event, Empower & Light: Shining a Light on Mom Guilt, and discussed strategies for agricultural advocacy and communicating their stories to consumers. The training also included idea sharing sessions and training for media and online presence. “It was a great experience to be able to network with other women from across the country who are passionate about the same things I am. I am very grateful I had the opportunity to attend,” says Lemm of her experience in Kansas City. She is a first-year volunteer and a student at North Dakota State University. North Dakota CommonGround events include Banquet in the Field, Goat Yoga, Farmer Panels and Food Conversations, and more. For more information about CommonGround, visit www.findourcommonground. com.

Anna Lemm visits with CommonGround volunteers from Iowa.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

COUNCIL LEADERS SHARPEN SKILLS THROUGH LEADERSHIP TRAINING Terry Wehlander, Chairman of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council and Jean Henning Interim Executive Director, participated in Leadership At Its Best Training co-sponsored by the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) and Syngenta.

Syngenta co-sponsored Leadership at its Best program. "This training was extremely beneficial and I would recommend it to anyone that is interested in taking on a leadership role within the corn industry,” stated Terry Wehlander.

Terry and Jean join more than 600 colleagues who have graduated from this program in the past thirty years. This year’s class included 21 leaders from corn state association and checkoff boards. The training took place in two phases. Phase one was held in Raleigh, North Carolina in August of 2018, while phase two took place in January 2019, and was held in Washington D.C.

The Leadership At Its Best program has been restructured for future classes. Corn farmers will now join participants from the following organizations: Agricultural Retails Association; American Agri-Women; American Farm Bureau Federation Women; American Soybean Association; Independent Professional Seed Association; National Agricultural Aviation Association; national Association of Wheat Growers; National Cotton Council; National Potato Council; and national Sorghum Producers. This new program will allow for groups to come together and look at issues that face everyone in agriculture like trade, biotech acceptance and biofuels. Training will continue to be held in Raleigh, North Carolina and Washington D.C. but will take place over the course of one week rather than in two phases. This program structure will allow leaders from all eleven associations to network and hone their leadership skills in a collaborative working environment.

During the first session, leaders attending took part in media training on a wide variety of topics including: the impacts of trade policies and tariffs on U.S. Agriculture; GMO safety and labeling; animal welfare issues interaction with agriculture; water usage in farming; perceived impacts of pesticides and fertilizers on human health; the impact of agriculture on the environment, including on fish, other aquatic species and pollinators; farm bill and farm policy; immigrant labor in agriculture; ethanol and biodiesel; and the importance of ag association membership. The second session addressed public policy issues, working with individuals on Capitol Hill and parliamentary procedure. Through this program, participants built the skill set needed to become a more confident public speaker and advocate with a solid background in the procedures and processes used by NCGA and many state organizations. Open to all NCGA membership, Leadership At Its Best provides training to interested volunteers of all skill levels. “For more than thirty years, the National Corn Growers Association, the state corn associations and checkoff boards and most importantly the U.S. corn industry have benefited tremendously from the

NCGA First Vice President Kevin Ross presents NDCUC Chairman, Terry Wehlander with his dipolma.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


CONVERSATIONS FROM THE 2019 SOIL HEALTH CAFE TALKS By Luke Ressler, NDSU Extension Soil Health Technician It was a very successful season for the North Dakota Corn Council co-sponsored Soil Health Café Talks. A total of 14 café talks were held across the eastern part of the state in Lidgerwood, Kindred, Jamestown, Cooperstown, Hillsboro, Larimore, Edgeley and Park River. This led to over 32 hours of discussion and reached over 280 farmers. On average, we had 30 farmers at each Café Talk with our largest one being in Park River with 66 farmers. This one was run just like every other Café Talk – discussion, questions, explanations and lunch. Dr. Abbey Wick and I covered 2,500 miles in January and February this year to hit all the different areas. Twelve other specialists joined us, including Mary Keena (Compost and Manure Management), Dr. Marisol Berti (Forage and Cover Crops), Dr. Caley Gasch (Soil Health), Dr. Andrew Friskop (Cereal Pathology), Dr. Dave Franzen (Soil Fertility), Dr. Joe Zeleznik (Forestry), Dr. Jay Goos (Soil Fertility and IDC), Dr. Joe Ikely (Weeds), Dr. Tom Peters (Sugar Beets), Naeem Kalwar (Soil Health), Dr. Gerald Stokka (Animal Health and Stewardship) and Dr. Kevin Sedivec (Rangeland/Grazing). This year, Dr. Abbey Wick and I went separate ways hitting two towns, twice a week. We doubled the number of farmers reached and we had great discussion at all locations. Much of the discussion was centered on fertility, cover crops for grazing and interseeding into corn or soybeans. Fertility: Farmers are looking forward to getting into the fields this spring, and putting this long and difficult winter behind them. Many questions came up about incorporating surface-applied urea fertilizer this spring. For many years the main practice was to incorporate the fertilizer, but according to Dr. Dave Franzen, there is no need to incorporate the fertilizer at all. By using a NBPT/NPPT inhibitor and leaving the fertilizer on the soil surface, the fertilizer has less surface area in contact with soil particles. Therefore, there is less chance of


volatilization than 1-2-inch incorporation with vertical tillage. It is recommended to use a mix of NBPT/NPPT inhibitor and urea instead of straight urea. Getting the fertilizer banded in the ground down to at least 3-inches is always the safest option. Cover Crops for Grazing: Grazing cover crops is a great opportunity for farmers and ranchers to lengthen their grazing season. Spring planting a full season cover crop that includes warm and cool season species can be a great way to lower stress on perennial pastures come mid-summer. Plant high fiber cover crops that also produce a lot of biomass, such as sorghum-sudan or millet that can grow back after haying or grazing. Stay away from radishes in a full season mix because they can go to seed. Stick with hybrids like pasja turnip or forage brassicas that produce more biomass, but keep in mind that they are more expensive. A small grain such as forage oats is relatively cheap and has great regrowth potential. Legumes will improve the crude protein levels of full season mixes, but they are typically the most expensive seed in the mix. Remember, when rotating livestock off of perennial pastures on to cover crop fields that their manure may become loose due to the cover crop’s high protein and water content. Supplement with straw bales or low quality grass hay to increase intake and to supply more fiber. To determine stocking rate, take forage samples, and use the NDSU Grazing Calculator app available for Apple and Android devices. To get livestock out of the muddy feedlots in the spring, ranchers plant cereal rye in the fall to graze in May-June. Depending on the year, cereal rye grows quickly in the spring, and is a good feed source in the vegetative stage. The rye can be grazed until the end of May or early June then planted to soybeans. Spreading livestock out in a field lowers disease pressures by getting them out of the feedlots. It also is a way to lower labor costs by having the livestock spread the manure

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

themselves. Field compaction is not an issue except for high traffic areas by a waterer or in muddy fields; if so, then it is not recommended to graze until the field has dried up. Cover crops planted after small grains can also help extend grazing into the fall or early winter months. Most farmers try to follow the combine with the drill and that is recommended. If it is getting late in the season (after August 15), then you may consider dropping brassicas and legumes from the mix. Cereal rye could still be used; however, you may want to bump up the seeding rates the later you get into the fall. Remember that the further north and west you are in the state the harder it is to get a cover crop established due to variable rain events and temperatures. This last fall was tough all across the state to get good cover crop growth or establishment due to the late harvest. Methods for Seeding or Interseeding: There are multiple ways to fit cover crops into rotation and one of the most common ways being to interseed a cover crop into corn. This can be useful for farmers with or without livestock for establishment and some cover crop growth prior to harvest. Seeding or broadcasting any time after five to eight leaf corn is acceptable and the cover crop will not compete with the corn crop. Getting good seed to soil contact is always preferred; however, broadcasting/aerial seeding has also worked with a timely rain. When seeding, rates for a grass (like oats, barley or cereal rye) can be around 30 lbs. With aerial seeding, increase the rate to around 60 lbs. These are just suggestions for starting points and seeding rates

The Park River Cafe Talk drew a large crowd.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

should always be determined based on soil type (lower rates on sandier soils and higher rates on clay soils) and comfort level with the cover crop. There are videos on this topic that can be found on the NDSU Soil Health webpage (Titled: Cover crops interseeded into Corn, 11 SHM Variable Rate Rye into Fall Corn, 08 SHM Cover Crops into Corn, 02 Agweek TV Soil Health Minute, Rye as a Cover Crop – Drill Seeding, Rye as a Cover Crop – Aerial Seeding). Expectations: It is important to set expectations based on which cover crops are being used, when they are seeded and how they are seeded. Always start by determining an on-farm goal – what do you want to achieve? Make sure to set up a proper herbicide plan to control weeds first, then plant cover crops that work with that plan. Remember to watch for herbicide residual and grazing restrictions by checking the 2019 NDSU Weed Control Guide. Make sure to do your research and learn from your mistakes. It is a learning process, so do not expect to get it perfect the first year. Learn from successes and mistakes, reach out to NDSU Extension or other farmers and attend Soil Health Field Tours and Workshops to hedge your bets and have the best possible experience. Be sure to join the Café Talk discussions – we are planning to hold a few this summer and will start up again in January and February of 2020. All the NDSU Soil Health information is posted online: soilhealth or you can follow Dr. Abbey Wick on Twitter for updates through the season (@NDSUsoilhealth).

Naeem Kalwar talked about salinity at the Cafe Talk in Larimore.


THE IMPORTANCE OF BUILDING A STRONG FOUNDATION Andy Zenk Consultant - Succession and Retirement AgCountry FCS

Farm transition planning can be a complicated puzzle, especially when bringing in a next generation farmer. The process takes time, energy and a collaboration of expertise to make sure the tax, legal, financial (cash flow), asset transfers and management pieces all fit in the transition puzzle. Further complicating matters is the uncertainty in the future, i.e. what the markets will do, or the failing health of those involved, for example. Understanding that farm transition is a process over time, the starting point needs to be a strong foundation established before taking any further steps with transition to the next generation. This foundation includes: 1)Estate Planning: Assuring that the senior generation has your estate planning in place, updated and assured that it meets your needs if something happened “today” 2)Buy-Sell Agreement: Assuring that you have a buy-sell agreement in place, especially if you co-own assets or are in operation with another person(s), or in a business entity. These pieces are critical to assure you have a strong foundation in place should something happen untimely 3)Clear Communication of Expectations: Finally, a strong foundation includes communication and establishing clear expectations from all involved in the transition process before any further steps with the transition process occur.

Estate planning is essential to a solid foundation. This generally refers to your last will and testament, revocable living trust, powers of attorney, health care directive, estate tax planning, etc. You may not have a plan in place, and if that’s the case, you need one. If you do have something in place, make sure it isn’t outdated. An updated estate plan is essential to assure that you provide an opportunity for the next generation to continue farming should the senior generation have an untimely passing. An updated estate plan is also essential to address the ebbs and flows of agriculture. A good test for this is to run your balance sheet through your estate plan. If your plan includes an option for the next generation purchasing assets from non-farming heirs, can the next generation farmer afford the purchase? For example, assume an estate plan says the farmland goes to the children, and the next generation farming child has the option to purchase the land for 80 percent of appraised value. Further assume that there is debt against the land, and the next generation farming child is early in their farming career. If the senior generation died, the option technically is available, but the key question is can the next generation farmer cash flow this option? What is feasible, especially with low agricultural markets? Who pays the debt? These questions need to be addressed and handled in an updated estate plan to assure a strong foundation moving forward with a farm transition plan. A buy-sell agreement is a document where all owners of a business proactively plan and agree on a course of action in the event of death, disability or departure (breakup of the business.) It outlines how the operation would continue if something were to happen. Additionally, and equally as important, it outlines how the families would be taken care of as well should something happen. The agreement puts everyone on the same page with the operation, and knowing that a plan is in place, should something happen. CONTINUED ON PAGE 15


North Dakota Corn Growers Association |


The final piece of a solid foundation is a clear communication of expectations with the transition process. What does the senior generation want? What are the expectations for asset transfers? Transferring work load? Family living needs? The same questions need to be answered by the next generation farmer: what are the expectations for asset transfers? Family living needs? What about spouse of next generation farmer? What are his or her expectations? Clear communication of expectations is essential to complete at the beginning to make sure all are on the same page.

If you skip the foundational planning, as described in this article, you run the risk of having a vulnerable transition plan and problems down the road. Get it done and get it done right. Find an expert who can help you. AgCountry has consultants who specialize in succession and retirement planning and serve as a guide/facilitator to help you through the process. They do this type of planning day in and day out. Talk with your local AgCountry office for more information.

NDCGA ANNUAL MEETING The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) held its Annual Meeting during the 2nd Annual Northern Corn and Soybean Expo on Tuesday, February 12th at the Fargodome. NDCGA President Randy Melvin facilitated the meeting. Melvin announced the ten NDCGA Scholarship winners. Photo contest results were also revealed. The minutes from the 2018 Annual Meeting were read and approved as well as the financial report. Guest speakers from each of the congressional offices provided updates of the happenings in Washington D.C. and in North Dakota.

Meeting attendees listen as guest speakers from each of the congressional offices gave updates.

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The NDCGA also held elections for the NDCGA board of directors. Ben Bakko of Walcott, ND was nominated and elected to replace District 1 Director Andrew Braaten of Barney, ND. Braaten has served the allowable limit of two, four-year terms. Paul Thomas from District 3 and Justin Halvorson from District 5 were up for second terms. Thomas and Halvorson were both nominated and re-elected. We hope to see you next year for the NDCGA Annual Meeting which will again be held in conjunction with the Northern Corn and Soybean Expo.

(L-R) NDCUC Interim Executive Director Jean Henning and NDCGA President Randy Melvin.


2ND ANNUAL NORTHERN CORN AND SOYBEAN EXPO A HIT WITH NORTH DAKOTA FARMERS Hundreds of North Dakota farmers and agribusinesses joined together to get the latest updates on important topics like trade, weed management and farm stress at the 2019 Northern Corn and Soybean Expo at the FargoDome in Fargo. More than 600 participants from across the state braved snowy conditions to take part in the second annual event held February 12th and organized jointly by the North Dakota Soybean Council (NDSC); the North Dakota Soybean Growers Association (NDSGA); the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC); and the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA). “Our turnout was very good, especially considering the weather and a lot of poor road reports,” says Jamestown, North Dakota farmer and NDCGA board member Ryan Wanzek. The Northern Corn and Soybean Expo featured general education presentations and breakout sessions, as well as a trade show highlighted by more than 80 exhibitors. With trade and tariffs being an increasingly hot topic in agriculture, international trade was the focus of several presentations. United States Soybean Export Council

NDCGA board member and Expo Co-Chair, Ryan Wanzek delivered welcoming remarks.


CEO Jim Sutter, National Corn Growers Association Public Policy Director Lesly McNitt and North Dakota State University (NDSU) Distinguished Professor Dr. William Wilson offered their global perspectives during an international trade hot topics panel. NDSU Extension Crops Economist and Marketing Specialist Dr. Frayne Olson also delivered an update on current market and trade conditions. Olson stepped in for announced speaker Chip Flory who was unable to attend due to the inclement weather. “Trade talk is obviously big right now. A lot of farmers are concerned about that, both in the corn and soybean industries, so that’s one of our biggest issues,” Wanzek says. 2019 marks the second year North Dakota’s corn and soybean organizations jointly put on the one-day event. The combined resources help the organizations tackle broader issues and attract more widely known speakers. “People come in and they want to hear what these experts have to say,” says Valley City farmer and NDSC secretary Matt Gast. “Trade and marketing are always hot topics.”

(L-R) Jim Sutter, Dr. Bill Wilson and Lesly McNitt discussed International Trade on a panel hosted by Michelle Rook of Agweek.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

“It allows us to cover bigger topics and get more bang for our buck,” Wanzek adds. “This event is for the growers and most of us are out there growing both corn and soybeans.” Gast says he heard very positive feedback from farmers who liked the diversity of topics, with a Palmer amaranth panel, a water management session and a weather trend overview with DTN meteorologist Bryce Anderson. “We’ve had a lot of positive feedback on the trade show and the flow,” Gast says. “No two farms are alike, so we try to cover a broad spectrum of topics so everyone can relate." Both the NDCGA and the NDSGA held their annual meetings and discussed policy issues to be addressed both in Washington and Bismarck. Those issues include Farm Bill implementation as well as tax and transportation concerns.

Author and Humorist, Mark Mayfield delivered his message, The Changing Face of Agriculture.

Hundreds of farmers also participated in a dicamba application training session following the Corn and Soybean Expo. Farmers are encouraged to mark their calendars for next year’s 3rd Annual Northern Corn and Soybean Expo at the Fargodome, which will be held February 4, 2020. Expo Attendees look on as Mark Mayfield delivered his message during the morning session.

Expo attendees visit on the trade show floor during a break.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

Dr. Greg Lardy moderated a panel that discussed Insects, Diseases and Soil.


ND CORN DELEGATES JOIN U.S. GRAINS COUNCIL IN COLUMBIA This February, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) members Scott German, Oakes, and Terry Wehlander, DeLamere, along with North Dakota Corn Growers Association members Bart Schott, Kulm and Rob Hanson, Wimbledon, represented North Dakota at the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and advisory team (A-team) meetings. Meetings took place during the 16th International Marketing Conference and the 59th Annual Membership Meeting in Cartagena, Columbia. The U.S. Grains Council develops export markets for U.S. barley, corn, sorghum and related products including distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and ethanol. With full-time presence in 13 key markets and representatives in an additional 15 locations, the Council operates programs in more than 50 countries and the European Union. This meeting brings together grain producers and agribusiness representatives along with professional USGC staff from around the world to review the Grains Council’s Unified Export Strategy (UES) and help chart the operational course for commodity trade. This meeting is also Council members’ annual chance to meet face-to-face with staff and consultants who work to develop critical markets, dismantle trade barriers

and serve U.S. grain producers and their customers in markets globally. As a member led organization, USGC relies on organizations like ND Corn Utilization Council to provide guidance and funding for the work they do around the world to enable trade. This meeting helps to develop new opportunities and priorities in a rapidly changing global market. Delegates in attendance serve on one of the USGC’s seven advisory teams (A-teams) during the organizations meetings in Cartagena. The teams are focused on key regions: Asia, Western Hemisphere and the Middle East and Africa – and topics: ethanol, trade policy, value-added products and innovation and sustainability. While in Columbia, North Dakota’s delegates, Scott German, Terry Wehlander, Rob Hanson and Bart Schott all served on advisory teams. The delegates in attendance assist the USGC identify priorities for international trade and assist in the development of programs in more than 50 countries that buy corn, ethanol and other by-products. The North Dakota delegates welcomed the opportunity to relay concerns that corn producers have to trade, markets for corn, ethanol, DDGs and other byproducts. Working with organizations like the U.S. Grains Council allows members to learn about important trade markets

USGC International Directors join USGC CEO Tom Sleight on stage to address trade policy and trade servicing issues in their markets.


Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

and the potential volume of corn and byproducts that can be exported. Throughout the sessions, USGC staff from around the world covered issues specific to their respective markets during panel presentations as well as one-on-one with delegates and members. The interaction between international staff and USGC members and delegates is a crucial component of the winter membership meeting. Some highlights of our trade partners: • Japanese government has a target volume of 217 million-gallon ethanol demand. Typically, Japan’s sustainability policy allowed ethanol imports from sugarcane ethanol suppliers, because those gallons were considered to have a lower environment impact. New policy allows 44% of ethanol demand to come from corn-based ethanol. • Chinese domestic corn stock is declining. Declining stocks combined with average to slightly lower production estimates could translate into higher prices for U.S. corn growers, according to a survey of China’s corn crop by the U.S. Grains Council. • Farmer visits to agricultural importer countries are of great importance. Making personal connections with buyers of the commodities and completing reverse trade missions are equally important. “Several years ago the Council started having meetings outside the U.S. to allow the full membership the

ND Corn delegate Terry Wehlander serves on the Asia Action Team.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

chance to see, hear, smell, and taste how USGC market development programs work,” says Tom Sleight, chief executive officer (CEO) of the U.S. Grains Council. Cartagena, Columbia is a Caribbean hub for container shipping. Colombia is a free trade agreement partner and an important consumer of feed grains that support a thriving swine and poultry industry, so the venue was a perfect location for this important meeting. “The program we created on Tuesday was critical to the meeting. We made some extremely important statements to the #3 buyer of U.S. corn on the importance of Colombia to U.S. agriculture. After the meeting, I was at a dinner with the President of Colombia, who is a big supporter of trade and the free trade agreement between the U.S. and Colombia. He was genuinely touched and pleased that U.S. farmers made the journey to Colombia to interact with buyers directly,” says Sleight. U.S. corn exports to Colombia have set a new record every year since the U.S. – Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) entered into force in 2012, showing the effectiveness of strong trade policy and subsequent market development work to increase sales of U.S. agricultural products. Colombia also represents a burgeoning market for U.S. corn-based ethanol and strong sales of U.S. coarse grains and coproducts to Colombia are a testament to the importance of this market and its growth in coming decades. Learn more about the Council’s work at

ND Corn delegate Scott German serves on the Trade and Biotechnology Action Team.


CORN DISTILLERS GRAIN PROTEIN - A NEW NATURAL GLUE SOURCE FOR PARTICLEBOARDS By Dilpreet Bajwa, NDSU Mechanical Engineering Department Building products, construction and the furniture industry are the largest users of particleboards. The particleboard market grew at the rate of 6% during 2009-2016 period, reaching $17 billion in 2016. Typically, particleboard is made from wood particles, adhesive (glue) and wax. There are different types of glue that can be used to bind wood particles. The most common types of glue are fossil fuel derived, such as phenol formaldehyde, urea formaldehyde, melamine formaldehyde and methylene diphenyl diisocynate (MDI). They are widely popular as they are economical, abundant and their performance characteristics are well understood. One of the major issues with formaldehyde types of glue is the formaldehyde emission. In 1987, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified formaldehyde as a probable human carcinogen. Formaldehyde is reported to cause allergies, asthma and reaction with skin. The 2010 Formaldehyde Emission Standard for Composite Wood Products brought formaldehyde emissions under the Title VI, Toxic Substance Control Act. Thereafter, the quest for natural, safe and reliable glue alternatives that can be used as a binder in particleboards started. Natural feedstocks for manufacturing glues include proteins, starches, gums, plant oils and etc. Epoxidized plant oils have become popular feedstocks for manufacturing glues as they are locally available, abundant and reliable. However, some weaknesses in these glues are their performance and cost. Plant oil derived glues are expensive, susceptible to moisture and have a short shelf life, therefore, they haven’t reached their full potential. There is continuing research and development efforts to improve the quality and performance of these resins. At North Dakota State University our group is exploring another abundant raw material, corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), a byproduct from ethanol plants as a source of natural glue and fibers in the


particleboards. DDGS contains roughly 30% proteins, 13% fat and 39% fibers. The research began four years ago with funding from North Dakota Corn Utilization Council to explore the potential of DDGS as value added filler in particleboards. The results of our first study (published in Industrial Crops and Products) showed that DDGS can help to reduce the amount of glue and wax in the particleboards. This information helped us to believe that zein proteins in DDGS carry the potential to act as binders in particleboards. Since DDGS proteins are globular and inert their surface needs to be functionalized, so they can couple with wood particles. We selected sodium hydroxide (alkali), acetic acid and formic acid to treat DDGS proteins. The process of functionalizing DDGS involved micronizing DDGS to 120 and 250 micrometer particles to increase their surface area followed by acid or alkali treatment. The treated DDGS were blended with pine wood flour at 10, 25 and 50 % rate and hot pressed into particleboards. The results of this project showed that DDGS proteins can be decoupled by acid and alkali treatments. Chemical concentration of acid and alkali influenced the flexural and internal bond strength of particleboards. Acetic acid treated DDGS at 50 weight % filler content exhibited best water resistance. Superior flexural properties of particleboards occurred when pressed at 190 °C, identical to commercial processing conditions. Test results also showed that the internal bond strength exceeded the minimum requirement by the ANSI A208.1-2009 standard. This research verified that DDGS have strong potential to act as a natural adhesive for manufacturing medium density particleboards. The results of this project led to the filling of an invention disclosure in July 2018 with NDSU Technology Transfer office. For more information please contact –

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

ND CORN DELEGATION PARTICIPATES IN CORN CONGRESS The 2019 Commodity Classic was held in Orlando, Florida from February 28 to March 2, with over 9,000 participants attending the various events and meetings. During the week, the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) held their delegate meetings to allow for input on policy from corn state delegations. As such, the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) and North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) had delegates working with NCGA and other state corn organizations to ensure that priorities expressed by our North Dakota corn producers were addressed. Much discussion at Commodity Classic evolved around the negotiations for the ratification of the United StatesMexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). Discussions also took place regarding the timeline for the Environmental Protection Agency rule to allow for year-round sale of E15. Secretary Perdue addressed the General Assembly at Commodity Classic and restated his commitment to support the RFS, ethanol and farmers. Priorities covered by Secretary Perdue were trade program funding at USDA, his goal of better relationships with United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) staff and farmers, reduction in regulations and forthcoming implementation of the 2018 Farm Bill.

Ted McKinney, Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs, US Department of Agriculture, addresses the corn delegation at Corn Congress. Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

Main topics covered by the state corn delegates during the NCGA delegate meetings included trade and the need for the ratification of USMCA and funding for trade programs at USDA, EPA implementation of year-round E15, implementation of the 2018 Farm Bill, continued work to reduce federal regulations that negatively affect farmers and a push for farmer-friendly conservation and water management programs. In addition to participating in the various meetings at Commodity Classic, the North Dakota Corn delegation was proud to receive a red-lined copy of the 2018 Agriculture Act (Farm Bill) from Senator John Hoeven. This red-lined copy will be given as a gift to the family of former Executive Director, Dale Ihry in appreciation of his work with the Senator’s office on the bill. Commodity Classic is one of America’s largest farmerled, farmer-focused conventions that provides annual meetings for the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA), American Soybean Association, the National Association of Wheat Growers, the National Sorghum Producers and the Association of Equipment Manufacturers. The 2020 Commodity Classic will be held in San Antonio, Texas February 27 to February 29, 2020.

First-year council member Tysen Rosenau discusses his experience at corn congress with Mick Kjar, AgNews KQLX. 21

ND LIVESTOCK ALLIANCE FIRST SUMMIT A GREAT SUCCESS The North Dakota Livestock Alliance (NDLA) hosted their first annual Livestock Summit on January 16, 2019 at Stiklestad Learning Center in Fort Ransom, ND. Summit Emcee Mick Kjar, host of Farm Talk on Ag News 890, guided the 100 attendees and 6 media outlets through a day of thought-provoking presentations and panel discussions, followed by guided tours of nearby livestock operations. Attendees included producers of all species of animal agriculture, crop farmers, rural community leaders, NDSU Extension and livestock industry stakeholders. 'We are overjoyed to see so many people excited about the future of livestock development in our great state' said Amber Boeshans, Executive Director of the ND Livestock Alliance. The day began with greetings from Summit Emcee Mick Kjar, ND Livestock Alliance Board Chair Craig Jarolimek and a video greeting from ND Governor Doug Burgum. Sessions commenced with a panel discussion focused on turning livestock development concepts into reality. The panelists were Mark Messer of Beaver Creek Farms, Alan Qual of Qual Grain and Dairy, and Bruce Froslee, consultant for Ransom County Multiplier hog facility. They discussed their diversified crop and livestock operations and their experiences during the expansion and construction of new livestock facilities. John S. Breker, Soil Scientist with AGVISE Laboratories, then discussed manure nutrient management and how manure can improve soil health and financially benefit your farm. A second panel discussion followed focusing on financial incentives and programs available to North Dakota's livestock industries. Moderator Dr. Charlie Stoltenow of NDSU Extension guided the discussion with panelists Kyle Froslie of AgCountry Farm Credit Services of Fargo, Jason Wirtz of the ND Department of Agriculture and Jim Leier of the Bank of ND. Before breaking for lunch, ND Commissioner of Agriculture Doug Goehring discussed some of the developments during this year's legislative session. Following lunch and delicious gelato provided by Duchessa Gelato of Carrington, ND, attendees enjoyed an entertainment session from Rodney Nelson, Cowboy Poet.


The Summit culminated with a visit to Qual Dairy near Lisbon, ND. Qual Dairy recently added a roboticrotary milking parlor, an incredible new technology. Along with a tour of the new milking system, attendees were guided through the freestall barn to see first-hand the nutrition, manure management and animal health practices the Qual family uses to ensure the comfort of their cows and success of their farm. Then the buses took attendees for a windshield tour of the new Ransom County Multiplier pig barn by Englevale, ND. The North Dakota Livestock Alliance (NDLA), founded in 2017, is a non-profit organization working to develop and expand animal agriculture in North Dakota, and support livestock producers during times of change. In addition to producer education through event such as the NDLA Summit, they assist with the common mission of raising consumer confidence through outreach events. For further event information, contact the North Dakota Livestock Alliance, or visit their website at

John Breker, Soil Scientist with AGVISE Laboratories talked about manure nutrient management.

North Dakota Funded by the Corn NorthGrowers Dakota Corn Association Checkoff | |

NDCUC JOINS CENTER FOR BIOPLASTICS AND BIOCOMPOSITES The Center for Bioplastics and Biocomposites (CB2) is a National Science Foundation Industry & University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) that focuses on developing high-value bio based products from agriculture and forestry feed stocks. The Center is a collaborative effort put together by the Biopolymers & Biocomposites Research Team at Iowa State University, the Composite Materials and Engineering Center at Washington State University, and industry members to conduct commercially relevant research. Through membership, the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council will support the vision of the center to develop knowledge that will allow for the production of an array of high-value products from agricultural feedstocks, like corn, that are compatible with current industrial manufacturing systems and promote rural development. These products will include plastics, coatings, adhesives and composites. Being a member of CB2 has many advantages for the ND Corn Council, including leveraging research and development efforts through the center’s projects. Council members voted to support the Center through membership at the Research Summit in December 2018.

“North Dakota farmers have excelled in producing corn to meet current market demand and we are excited to partner with CB2 to explore potential new markets for our commodity.” North Dakota State University in Fargo, ND has become a partnering institution with the center as well, drawing on their national and international reputation in the field of polymers and expanding on over a century of research and education in paints and coatings. “The partnership between the Center and North Dakota State University is a significant reason we chose to pursue a membership,” shares Terry Wehlander, Council chairman and corn farmer in DeLamere, ND. “Membership in CB2 will help to leverage industry and university research and, as a result, could positively impact demand for North Dakota corn and create new markets for North Dakota as we pursue the future of these high-value corn-products.” CB2 will focus on six research thrust areas to promote industry-wide acceptance of bioplastics and increase the use of sustainable materials. These include synthesis and compounding, biocomposites, processing, biobased products, modeling, and commercialization.

“North Dakota Corn is excited to be a member of CB2 to partner with the country's brightest minds on corn related research,” says Jean Henning, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council’s Interim Executive Director.

For more information on the Center for Bioplastics and Biocomposites, visit

Carla holds examples of corn biocomposites ready for strength testing. Photo credit: J. Larson.

Students Carla and Curtis use the ultrasonic welder. Photo credit: J. Larson.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


NAFTA TO USMCA: UNDERSTANDING THE CHANGES The United States has reached an agreement with Mexico and Canada in the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The US, Canada, and Mexico signed a trade deal to replace NAFTA in November 2018 at the G20 summit in Argentina. It’s known as the United States-MexicoCanada Agreement, or USMCA. When finalized and implemented, the agreement is meant to create more balanced, reciprocal trade that supports high-paying jobs for Americans and grows the North American economy. President Donald Trump, during his 2019 State of the Union address, encouraged Congress to approve the USMCA and replace NAFTA. The pact has been adjusted to include changes for automakers, labor and environmental standards, intellectual property protections, and digital trade provisions. Here are the biggest changes: Country of origin rules: Automobiles must have 75 percent of their components manufactured in Mexico, the US, or Canada to qualify for zero tariffs. This is up from 62.5 percent under NAFTA. Labor provisions: 40 to 45 percent of automobile parts have to be made by workers who earn at least $16 an hour by 2023. Mexico has also agreed to pass laws giving workers the right to union representation, extending labor protections to migrant workers, and protecting women from discrimination. The countries can also sanction one another for labor violations. US farmers get more access to the Canadian dairy market: Canada agreed to open up its dairy market to US farmers. USMCA maintains much of the trading structure between the U.S. and Mexico that was established in NAFTA 24 years ago. Mexico is the largest export destination for U.S. dairy products with $1.2 billion in sales last year. The U.S. accounts for nearly three quarters of dairy imports into Mexico.


When it comes to Canada, USMCA has reforms that remove the Class 7 dairy pricing policy while allowing greater access for U.S. products. Intellectual property and digital trade: The deal extends the terms of copyright to 70 years beyond the life of the author (up from 50 years under NAFTA). It also extends the period that a pharmaceutical drug can be protected from generic competition, and includes new provisions to deal with the digital economy, including prohibiting duties on things like music and e-books, and protections for internet companies so they’re not liable for content their users produce. No section 232 tariff protections: Section 232 is a trade loophole that Trump used to impose steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada, Mexico, and the European Union. Canada and Mexico wanted protections from these tariffs as part of the NAFTA negotiations. These tariffs overhang the implementation process and impairs ratification of USMCA for all three countries, while posing potential retaliation against feed grains and ethanol. Sunset clause: The agreement adds a 16-year “sunset” clause — meaning the terms of the agreement expire, or “sunset,” after a set period of time. The deal is also subject to a review every six years, at which point the US, Mexico, and Canada can decide to extend the USMCA. The USMCA is signed — now it needs to be approved Although, President Trump, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto signed the deal in November 2018, it still needs to be ratified by all three governments. While the United States, Mexico, and Canada have concluded a new, rebalanced agreement, NAFTA currently remains in effect. The USMCA can come into effect following the completion of TPA procedures, including a Congressional vote on an implementing bill (figure 1).

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

If Congress does not approve the USMCA, and the United States withdraws from NAFTA, tariffs in all three NAFTA countries would revert to most favored nation (MFN) status. This would amount to a $9.4 billion loss in agricultural exports (Purdue University and Farm Foundation Study) and would result in a $800 million drop in corn production and $13 million hit to farm sector gross domestic product (GDP) (U.S. Grains Council-commissioned study). An estimated 256,000 jobs could be lost across US economy. Additionally, failure to ratify USMCA will negatively impact trade negotiations in other key markets like Japan, the European Union and the United Kingdom. For example, Japan is the #2 market for

US corn exports, representing a $11.1 billion market (US Agricultural Exports, 2016), and no free trade agreement is in place at this time. USMCA instills confidence in other nations with whom we want to enter future trade agreements by preserving and building upon the corn industry’s successful relationship with Mexico and Canada. This agreement will solidify farmers’ top export market, valued at $3.2 billion in value in the 2017/2018 marketing year. It also sets a high standard for future trade agreements in areas critical to US agriculture, such as enforceable Sanitary and Phytosanity Measures (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), and creates a rapid-response mechanism to address trade challenges.

Figure 1: Trade Promotion Authority Timeline [Photograph from Akin Gump, Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP].

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |


NORTH DAKOTA CORN COUNCIL BOARD OF DIRECTORS District 1: Carson Klosterman, Wyndmere District 2: Jason Rayner, Finley (Vice Chairman) District 3: William Wagner, Neche District 4: Tysen Rosenau, Carrington District 5: Terry Wehlander, DeLamere (Chairman) District 6: Scott German, Oakes (Secretary) District 7: Robert Ferebee, Halliday

NORTH DAKOTA CORN COUNCIL COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES Corn Council District 1 Wyndmere - Carson Klosterman Corn Council District 2 Cass - Patrick Skunes Steele - Jason Rayner Traill - Mike Beltz Corn Council District 3 Benson - Randy Simon Burke - Bryan Ankenbauer Cavalier - Mike Muhs Divide - Derik Pulvermacher Grand Forks - Greg Amundson McHenry - Jason Schiele Mountrail - Cliff Tollefson Nelson - David Steffan Pembina - William Wagner Pierce - Nick Schmaltz Ramsey - Paul Becker Renville - Bruce Teubner Ward - Gary Neshem Corn Council District 4 Barnes - Mike Clemens Eddy - Bill Smith Foster - Tysen Rosenau Griggs - Mark Ressler


Corn Council District 5 Ransom - Justin Halvorson Sargent - Terry Wehlander Corn Council District 6 Dickey - Scott German LaMoure - Dennis Feiken Corn Council District 7 Adams - Jordan Christman Bowman - Tony Pierce Burleigh - Lance Hagen Dunn - Robert Ferebee Emmons - Alex Deis Golden Valley - Steve Zook Grant - Cody VandenBurg Hettinger - Darwyn Mayer Kidder - James Cusey Logan - Dennis Erbele McIntosh - Anthony Neu McKenzie - CJ Thorne McLean - Paul Anderson Mercer - Riley Schriefer Morton - Elwood Barth Oliver - Clark Price Sioux - Jarrod Becker Slope - Ryan Stroh Stark - Duane Zent Wells - Richard Lies

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff |

NDCGA BOARD OF DIRECTORS District 1: Andrew Mauch, Mooreton District 1: Andrew Braaten, Barney District 2: Randy Melvin, Buffalo (President) District 2: Tim Kozojed, Hillsboro District 3: Andrew Torkelson, Grafton District 3: Paul Thomas, Velva (Vice President) District 4: Robert Hanson, Wimbledon (Secretary) District 4: Ryan Wanzek, Jamestown District 5: Justin Halvorson, Sheldon District 5: Kyle Speich, Milnor District 6: Drew Courtney, Oakes District 6: Bart Schott, Kulm District 7: Anthony Mock, Kintyre District 7: Clark Price, Hensler Director-at-large: Kevin Skunes, Arthur Director-at-large: Larry Hoffmann, Wheatland

NDCGA Industry Directors

Tom Cook: Cargill, Wahpeton Kyle Gerner: Gerner Ag, Oakes Ryan Bohnsack: American Federal Bank, Fargo Jeff Triebold: Prairieland Ag, Fargo

BECOME A MEMBER TODAY! When you join the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) you invest in the North Dakota corn industry today and beyond. You join hundreds of your fellow North Dakota corn farmers in creating an even stronger future for corn production in the state. Your future as a corn producer is influenced by consumer opinion, regulatory guidelines and government programs. NDCGA ensures that your voice is heard when decisions are being made that impact your farm. You are an important part of North Dakota's corn industry. Fill out the North Dakota Corn Growers Association Membership Application on this page and join today! If you would like to learn more about membership, please contact Elli at

North Dakota Corn Growers Association |

North Dakota Corn Growers Association

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION ___________________________________________________________ Name ___________________________________________________________ Farm/Business Name ___________________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________________ City, State, Zip ___________________________________________________________ County ___________________________________________________________ Home Phone ___________________________________________________________ Mobile Phone ___________________________________________________________ Email ___________________________________________________________ Spouse Name ___________________________________________________________ Recruiter Name MARK ONE

New Membership



I have sold at least 12,000 bushels of corn in ND, entitling me to a free 1-year membership. I have sold at least 24,000 bushels of corn in ND, entitling me to a free 3-year membership.

I have not sold corn in North Dakota, but wish to become a member. 1 Year = $35 3 Year = $85 1 Year Student Membership (High school or post-secondary) = $10 COMPLETE APPLICATION FORM AND MAIL WITH PAYMENT TO:

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For more information, visit or call (701) 566-9322


4852 Roc k ing H ors e Circ le S . • Fargo, N D 58104 • (701) 566 -9322

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March/April 2019 CornTalk Magazine  

March/April 2019 CornTalk Magazine  


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