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CORN TALK Fall 2019

A publication for North Dakota corn producers

CALENDAR OF EVENTS DECEMBER 3, 2019 NDCUC RESEARCH SUMMIT ND CORN OFFICE FARGO, N.D.

DECEMBER 4, 2019 NDCUC MEETING ND CORN OFFICE FARGO, N.D.

DECEMBER 4, 2019 NDCGA MEETING ND CORN OFFICE FARGO, N.D.

JANUARY 29-31, 2020 KMOT AG EXPO ND STATE FAIR CENTER MINOT, N.D.

FEBRUARY 4, 2020 NORTHERN CORN & SOY EXPO FARGODOME FARGO, N.D.


INSIDE THIS ISSUE

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MANAGING SALINITY WITH COVER CROPS: A WHOLE SYSTEM RESPONSE

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NDCGA DELEGATION PARTICIPATES IN CORN CONGRESS

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TEACHERS PARTICIPATE IN CORN-ETHANOL COURSE

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AMERICAN COALITION FOR ETHANOL FLEX FUEL FORWARD CAMPAIGN UPDATE

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NDCGA TO AWARD SCHOLARSHIPS

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VALUE OF RED MEAT EXPORTS TO CORN GROWERS

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TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR REVISED CORN HYBRID TESTING PROGRAM IN ND

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COMMONGROUND ND PARTNERS WITH MULTIPLE FIELD-TO-PLATE DINNERS TO SERVE UP AGRICULTURAL CONVERSATIONS

NDCUC WORKS WITH NDEC TO EXPAND UNLEADED 88 OFFERINGS STATEWIDE

ON THE COVER Mary Morken of Casselton, N.D. took this photo during the 2018 harvest. The photo won second place in the 2019 NDCGA Photo Contest.

CORN TALK Corn Talk is published four times a year by the North Dakota Corn Growers Association, 4852 Rocking Horse Circle South, Fargo, ND 58104.

IF YOU’RE THAT KIND OF FARMER, LET’S TALK. PetersonFarmsSeed.com • (866) 481-7333

To update subscription information, please call (701) 566-9322 or email info@ndcorn.org.

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A LETTER FROM THE NDCGA PRESIDENT that would bring transparency and clarity to the EPA’s waiver process. Randy Melvin President North Dakota Corn Growers Association

The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) is a farmer led, membership organization focusing on policy that impacts North Dakota corn producers. When you become a member of NDCGA you also become a member of the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA). Your membership is important now more than ever. Your future as a corn producer is influenced by consumer opinion, regulatory guidelines and government programs. NDCGA ensures that your voice is heard when decisions are being made that impact your farm. On page 31, you will find a membership application. Please consider joining hundreds of your fellow corn farmers in creating an even stronger future for corn production in North Dakota. NDCGA and NCGA are currently focused on several issues including the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) In May, the Trump Administration announced that E15 could be sold year-round. Recently, the EPA granted 31 small refinery waivers for 2018, which creates a reduction in production and demand for ethanol. Currently, there are two bills in the United States Congress, one in the House and one in the Senate,

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

While both bills seek transparency, the Senate version would seek to set an annual June 1 deadline for refineries to apply for an exemption, which is before the annual RFS volume rule, due at the end of November. This would ensure the EPA accounts for waived gallons in the RFS volume rule. Lastly, the bill would require the EPA to disclose the name of the refinery receiving the exemption and report to Congress with the justifications for the waiver. The House version would also require the June 1 deadline and release of the refinery name, but would have the EPA consult with the Department of Energy before deciding on an exemption. NDCGA staff continues to monitor the status of the bills and the RFS rule. USMCA As Congress reconvenes after the August recess, USMCA will continue to be a major legislative priority. Various corn state executive directors will fly to Washington, D.C. in mid-September to visit members of Congress to advocate for the passage of USMCA. In June, the Mexican Congress ratified the agreement. The USMCA will maintain zero tariffs on U.S. feed grains, co-products and ethanol. The agreement will provide the highest enforceable sanitary and phytosanitary standards in any trade agreement to date. Additionally, the agreement will address regulatory equivalence, science and risk analysis, transparency and cooperative technical consultations, as well as modernize border procedures. The USMA will create a rapid-response mechanism to address trade challenges and will include an enforceable biotechnology chapter, which is the first ever in a U.S. trade agreement. Wishing you all a safe and productive harvest season.

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A LETTER FROM THE NDCUC CHAIRMAN Terry Wehlander Chairman North Dakota Corn Utilization Council

The days are growing cooler, the equipment is out of storage, and corn harvest is on the mind of farmers across the state. While we continue to hope for good yields and weather that cooperates for a great harvest, we cannot forget that the fruits of our labor require a destination beyond the bin. In this issue of Corn Talk, you will see how vital the role of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council is when it comes to moving corn and corn products, all supporting North Dakota producers. As you may know, a key focus for the Corn Council is to promote the use of corn. We do this is in a variety of ways, including supporting the expansion of ethanol infrastructure in North Dakota, and through our work with partner organizations to develop markets for corn overseas. Both of these priorities take center stage in this magazine. Midwestern corn farmers, with their ever increasing yields, are dependent on the growth of ethanol production as a market for their crop. The U.S. produces about 58 percent of the world’s ethanol, according to the Renewable Fuels Association, so selling to other countries is one way to grow the market. Making fuel with higher ethanol blends is another. While almost all U.S. gasoline is blended with 10 percent ethanol, recent approval of the sale of E15 year-round could provide the needed boost that Midwestern ethanol plants need to remain

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profitable. With 5 ethanol plants in North Dakota already purchasing about 40% of North Dakota grown corn, that’s good news for the market right here at home. With large supplies of corn today, prices are down to about the cost of production. Without ethanol, corn growers could be hurting even more. Ethanol is a huge market for North Dakota Corn, and the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council is looking to expand availability for consumers across the state. On page 8 you will find details on a new Unleaded88 expansion program being offered to retailers by the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council in partnership with the North Dakota Ethanol Council. It is our hope that retailers take advantage of this opportunity to receive matching grant dollars from NDCUC to expand their offerings at the pump. Offering Unleaded88 at additional fuel retail stations will be beneficial for both consumers, farmers, and our rural communities. We are very excited about the potential of this program. You will also find a feature article in this magazine addressing the value of red meat exports to corn growers in North Dakota. Over the past three years, World Perspectives, Inc. has analyzed the impact of U.S. red meat exports on the value of domestic feedgrains and oilseeds, and determined that without red meat exports, US corn growers would have lost $5.7 billion last year. Since 2015, meat exports represent the fastest growing category of corn and soybean meal use, and the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council’s work with the United States Meat Export Federation ensures that number will only continue to grow. Check out the article on pages 2223 to see how these numbers break down specifically for North Dakota farmers. Of course, there’s some light hearted stuff to share too. The summer was jam packed with fun activities and educational events for NDCUC’s mascot, Bob the Cob, who attended parades, got to the fair, and even spent a day at the zoo! Don’t miss the recap of his summer adventures either!

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


MANAGING SALINITY WITH COVER CROPS: A WHOLE SYSTEM RESPONSE By Dr. Caley Gasch, NDSU Soil Science - Research; Jason Harmon, NDSU Entomology Department; Dr. Tom DeSutter, NDSU Soil Sciences Department; Dr. Abbey Wick, NDSU Soil Health - Extension Salinity affects about 13% of North Dakota’s land area, and almost every farmer in the state works in fields that have salt patches. These salt patches suffer poor soil health, and many cash crops are not adapted to the salty soils. As a management strategy to improve salty soils, we wanted to try incorporating a cover crop into a corn-soybean rotation. Cereal rye is a nice option because it is popular, it over-winters, and it is more salt-tolerant than corn and soybeans. Our expectation is that the cereal rye will use excess water, improve soil structure, enhance drainage in the salty areas, and ultimately improve the health of the salty soils so that they can support a cash crop. However, we don’t know if adding cereal rye into this system will create problems, such as competition with the cash crop, or by providing habitat for unwanted insect pests. We developed a field study to address these ideas, where we hope to (1) identify if cover crops offer a practical management strategy to improve corn production on salty land and to (2) provide general education and guidance on managing saline soils. For two years, this study has been monitoring soil properties, plant growth, and insects in four fields that have salt patches (see figures with list of measurements and plot design). The fields are managed for a cornsoybean rotation, and are located near Jamestown, Aneta, and Northwood. In 2017, the Aneta and Northwood fields hosted corn, and in 2018, the Jamestown fields hosted corn. Across each field, we broadcast cereal rye (at 40 lb/ac) into the corn in mid-to late-July, and then terminate it the following spring before planting. Throughout the growing season, we monitor the soils for biological activity and water content, insect abundance and identity, and plant growth. This work is ongoing, but our findings so far indicate that

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

the cereal rye, at the applied rate, does not negatively affect corn growth (in terms of water use, fertility, or diseases and pests). There were no insect pests (such as cutworm) of concern that were associated with the incorporated cereal rye. We also haven’t seen any drastic changes, or improvements in the soil during the first two years of the study. We’ll be watching for the development of soil structure under the cover crop, which is a nice indicator of improved soil health. Unfortunately, the negative impacts of the salts seem to overwhelm any benefit of the cover crop, when applied at the 40 lb/ac rate. Based on these observations, we will be increasing the rye application rate to 80 lb/ac for the next two years of the study to see if a higher rate causes any changes. We will continue to monitor these fields for another two years, and we will detect any soil structural benefits provided by the cereal rye. Based on these results, we recommend considering a higher rate of rye application, especially in areas where corn and soybeans won’t grow. Other plant species that are more salt tolerant (such as wheat, barley, or alfalfa) and low input are also options to consider for salty patches. We are confident that by increasing plant activity in saline soils (using salt-tolerant species), we can improve productivity and profitability in those problem areas in the long-run.

Gasch collecting samples for soil health testing

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NDCGA DELEGATION PARTICIPATES IN CORN CONGRESS In July, the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) sent delegates to Washington, D.C. to participate in the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) Corn Congress and Action Team meetings. While in D.C., the NDCGA delegation met with Senators John Hoeven, Kevin Cramer and Representative Kelly Armstrong. In addition to Capitol Hill meetings, they met with representatives from the Mexican and Canadian Embassies. The delegation was comprised of NDCGA staff and board members. Delegates included NDCGA members Randy Melvin, Paul Thomas, Kevin Skunes and Clark Price. Terry Wehlander and Jason Rayner attended on behalf of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC). NDCGA Executive Director Lisa Hochhalter and NDCUC Executive Director Jean Henning attended as well. The week focused on trade, USMCA and the

Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) refinery exemptions. The Corn Congress meetings are used to identify top issues for corn growers across North Dakota and the United States. Some of the NDCGA delegates serve on action teams in order to help set the direction of important programs and activities. Attendees heard from various congressional members about current legislation beneficial to farmers and from U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer’s staff about ongoing trade negotiations. Meetings with the North Dakota congressional delegation focused on trade, passing the USMCA, and fixing RFS refinery waivers. Senators Hoeven and Cramer, along with Representative Armstrong all believe USMCA has a strong likelihood of ratification once the House brings it up for a vote. They believe the votes exist on both sides of the aisle and will pass. NDCGA delegation expressed the importance of fixing the refinery waivers as the waivers undermine

The NDCGA delegation met with U.S. Senator Kevin Cramer during their time in Washington D.C.

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North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org


the production of ethanol and destroy the demand for higher blends of ethanol. Senators Hoeven and Cramer also remained optimistic that a trade deal would be reached with China and Japan. NDCGA delegation members thanked Senator Hoeven for his successful efforts in getting the Risk Management Agency (RMA) to move up the harvesting of cover crops on prevented planting acres in the 2019 crop year to September 1.

discussions provide an opportunity and forum to refine NCGA priorities, such as RFS, domestic and international trade, and policy priorities. NDCGA conveyed the needs of North Dakota farmers and ranchers to North Dakota’s congressional delegation and two most important trading partners during their meetings.

NDCGA’S visits with the Mexican and Canadian embassies focused on trade and passing the USMCA. Mexico’s government passed the USMCA in June. Canada is unlikely to pass the trade agreement before the United States. In addition to talking about USMCA, both embassies expressed the desire to keep trade open and fair, and maintain good relationships. Action team meetings and Corn Congress delegate

Above: The NDCGA delegation met with U.S. Congressman Kelly Armstrong during their time in Washington D.C. Left: The NDCGA delegation met with U.S. Senator John Hoeven during their time in Washington D.C.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

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NDCUC WORKS WITH NORTH DAKOTA ETHANOL COUNCIL TO EXPAND UNLEADED 88 OFFERINGS STATEWIDE The North Dakota Corn Utilization Council, in coordination with the North Dakota Ethanol Council, is implementing the North Dakota Unleaded88 Expansion Program. The program’s goal is to partner with fuel retailers to provide drivers with Unleaded88, a higher-octane fuel containing 15 percent ethanol and 85 percent gasoline. Matching grant dollars from the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council will be available through June 30, 2020, to fuel retailers for infrastructure necessary to offer Unleaded88. Unleaded88 provides a safe, economical, cleaner fuel option for consumers. It is government approved for all conventional light-duty vehicles, model 2001 and newer. These vehicles make up 90 percent of the lightduty vehicles on the road today. “North Dakota’s five ethanol plants purchase 40-60 percent of the state’s corn crop annually providing a significant value-added market opportunity for North Dakota’s agricultural producers,” says Terry Wehlander, chairman of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council. “Expanding the availability of Unleaded88 creates more market stability when the agriculture industry is struggling with a number of significant uncertainties.”

serve basis and can be used for dispensers, piping, hardware and signage for distribution of ethanol blends of Unleaded88 or higher. After receiving the grant, retailers will be required to offer Unleaded88 for a minimum of 24 months. With the assistance of the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council and the North Dakota Ethanol Council, retailers will carry out marketing programs to further promote the use of Unleaded88 or higher ethanol blends. “It is our hope that this program be mutually beneficial for our North Dakota fuel retailers, consumers, and farmers.” says Jean Henning, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council Executive Director. “We are looking forward to a positive response from retailers and prompt development of the Unleaded88 infrastructure statewide.” A list of current North Dakota E15 stations is available at www.ndethanol.org.

“Offering Unleaded88 at additional fuel retail stations across the state is beneficial for consumers and our rural communities,” says Jeff Zueger, chairman of the North Dakota Ethanol Council. “We look forward to working with the state’s fuel retailers and the Corn Council on this important program.” The program guidelines provide that funds be awarded to fuel retailers on a first-come-first-

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A fuel pump that offers a variety of ethanol blends.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


FINISHING 2019 AND PLANNING FOR 2020 Eric Nelson, Ph.D. Technical Agronomist Bayer Crop Science

While this year has been trying in many regards, we cannot forget to start our plan for next years crop. Even before this year’s crop is in the bin we need to consider the next. The overlapped timing of the 2019 and planning the 2020 crops does allow us to tweak and continually improve for the following year. Planning is a big step towards success, even if the environment the crop endures is far from the normal expectations. Inadequate levels of available soil nutrients can reduce corn yield potential, while over-application of nutrients may reduce profit margins through nutrient runoff and leaching. Advances in agronomic management practices, breeding, and biotechnology have helped increase corn yield potential, leading to adjustments in fertilizer recommendations. When planning a fertility program, corn product selection, soil test results and optimal fertilizer application timing should be considered to help maximize corn fertility in medium- to high-yield environments. Managing soil fertility begins with soil testing which should be performed annually to help maximize corn yield potential. Additionally, the end of season corn stalk nitrate test can help determine the effectiveness of nitrogen management practices.

secondary pathogens. Any condition that reduces photosynthesis predisposes tissue to colonization by fungi that will weaken stalks. Some examples of stresses include lack of moisture, nitrogen deficiency, foliar disease, hail damage, and prolonged cool, cloudy weather conditions. As you review the growing season, consider your applied N as well as the amount of time your soil spent waterlogged. Any shortage of nitrogen, whether by underapplication, leaching or denitrification could have negatively impacted your stalk integrity. Additionally, potassium deficiency can also result in weak stalks that are prone to lodging. Potassium increases root growth, improves drought tolerance, reduces lodging, and helps retard diseases. Selecting hybrids for every individual environment is difficult. Stability across locations, years, and environments will help to maximize success. Consistency is critical to minimize potential concerns. When selecting corn products for next season it is important to note that ratings for stalk strength, lodging, and different diseases vary by product and can be influenced by genetic background, fertility levels, and management practices. Fertility management in combination with product selection and in-season management can reduce the incidence of stalk lodging. As you observe stress in your crop, consider the potential outcomes at harvest, as well as how to decrease that likelihood the following year. We strive to do better every crop, despite the environmental factors the crop faces. Take a moment to consider the possible outcomes this year and how we can mitigate and improve on them next year.

Stalk integrity is also influenced by fertility practices. In response to stress, corn plants will mobilize sugars to fill the kernels thus resulting in reduced sugar content of stalks; refereed to as stalk cannibalization. As corn nears maturity, stalk integrity can be reduced; either naturally by cannibalization and by stalk rots and

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

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AG ADVENTURE DAY AT THE RED RIVER ZOO HELPS FAMILIES UNDERSTAND MODERN AGRICULTURE Kids were climbing on farm equipment, plunging their hands in buckets of corn and digging for worms during the third annual Agriculture Adventure Day at the Red River Zoo in Fargo, North Dakota. Families enjoyed free admission for children and a free lunch during this August event. At Ag Adventure Passport Headquarters, visitors were greeted by Suzie Soybean and Bob the Cob. They received Ag Passports with four activities that were placed throughout the zoo grounds. Once activities were completed, their passport was stamped. After the four activities in the passport received stamps, kids received a fun prize at the end! At the first activity, sponsored by Amity and RDO, visitors of all ages had the opportunity to climb around farm equipment. They also asked questions about farming and how the farmers use the equipment throughout the growing season. The next activity was rich in soil health. NDSU Extension Soil Health volunteers helped kids dig in the soil to find worms. USDA-NRCS volunteers answered questions about soil health and also talked about conservation practices on modern farms. Finally, there was a giant

Ag Adventure Day attendees check out the tractor on display.

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blow-up soil tunnel to walk through with information on the sides for families to learn about what makes up healthy soil. NDSU Extension Soil Health Specialist, Red River Valley Zoo Board Member and Coordinator to the Ag Adventure Day event Dr. Abbey Wick talked about how this event helps visitors to the zoo learn about the modern farm and that soil is definitely a key component to a farm’s success. “The number one resource farmers have is their soil. It’s their legacy, it’s what is passed down to their kids and the next generation,” says Dr. Wick. The third activity, sponsored by the Extension Master Gardner Program of NDSU Plant Sciences, centered around how to create beautiful garden spaces that are friendly to pollinators. The volunteers also answered many questions regarding event attendees’ lawns, gardens and trees. Farmers were on hand at the final Agriculture Passport activity, which gave visitors the opportunity to ask about their crops. Representing the North Dakota Soybean Council (NDSC) and the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC), these farmers were eager to share information and were able to do a “show and tell” of the different crops. NDCUC Chairman Terry Wehlander

Children dig for worms during Ag Adventure Day.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


A child pretends to fuel her vehicle with ethanol blended fuel.

Drew Courtney, NDCGA board member talks to child about the crops growing at the Red River Zoo.

A child looks at the corn growing at the Red River Zoo.

Ag Adventure Day Ag Passports.

of DeLamere was one of the farmers that stamped their passports and answered questions about farming. “This event is great for urban families. Many of them are removed from the farm and so for us to bring the farm to them just makes sense. They get to see many aspects of the farm here at the zoo, like the crops growing and the ability to climb into tractors, they get a good experience and with that comes a lot of great questions,” says Wehlander.

CommonGround North Dakota (CGND) volunteers about food and farming.

Even after passports were filled with stamps, many stayed for the Penny and Pals show, checked out the Modern Agriculture Exhibit (open all year long!), played some crop match games with 4-H volunteers, created corn and soybean necklaces (that they were able to plant at home later) and also talked with

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

CGND Volunteer and North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) Communications Director Heidie Haugo was happy to share her crop and livestock production experiences with event attendees. “As a CGND Volunteer, I was able to answer questions about food production and farming that many families have. Ag Adventure Day is a great opportunity to connect and have meaningful conversations,” says Haugo. Agriculture Adventure Day was made possible by generous partners and sponsors of many North Dakota agriculture commodity groups and industry, including NDCUC, NDSC and CGND.

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NORTH DAKOTA CHECKOFF INVESTMENT By Lynn Chrisp, National Corn Growers Association President, Hastings, N.E. In a year characterized by the wettest spring on record, continued low prices, and the uncertainty of tariffs, it might be tough to see the benefit of your corn checkoff investment. But these market building, research and promotional dollars are largely targeting long term objectives. And those objectives ultimately focus on creating an economic and social environment that is conducive to profitable corn production. We can’t control the weather or political maneuvering but we can make thoughtful investments in corn utilization research, educating consumers and key thought leaders on our increasing sustainability, continuing to expand ethanol sales, and work with our partners in the livestock industry and other stakeholders on issues like regulations and market access. Today, 23 states like North Dakota are investing in a corn checkoff program because of proven benefits to farmers and because the pooling of resources allows us to engage in state, national and even global marketing efforts none of us could tackle independently. I want to thank you personally for this support and teamwork. I would also like to share a few recent success stories of which I am exceptionally proud: Farm Bill Implementation NCGA played a key role in facilitating Farm Bill implementation studies by economists and academics that evaluated proposals for the new farm bill. This research-based, real world data informed the public discussion. Common Ground Our Common Ground venture which is generously supported by ND has now led to 1.2 billion conversations with consumers in 20 states who have questions about how their food is grown. Volunteers provide reassurance to our customers they are important to us, and that the supply of quality product will be

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there. More than 200 volunteers across the U.S. are engaging in these direct conversations about food in grocery stores, farm-to-table events, and online. By sharing their personal experiences, as well as scientific research, they help consumers sort through the myths and misinformation surrounding food and farming. Ethanol Market Expansion Nine out of 10 vehicles on the road today can run on E15 and thanks to research, education and promotion, funded by your checkoff dollars, this high-octane fuel is now available in 30 states. NCGA is actively engaged in a fuel station assessment program and working with retailers to facilitate the introduction of E15; supporting research on the effects of ethanol blends on consumer fuel costs; and research work on how improvements to base gasoline would accelerate the adoption of midgrade (higher octane) ethanol blends. HungerU The HungerU program recently finalized a special opportunity to take on a two-year engagement on the People's Garden of the National Mall in Washington, DC. Through this agreement, HungerU would provide educational content to tourists and groups passing through the People's Garden during high traffic times and will have a kiosk in the USDA Farmer's Market that takes place each Friday from May 3 through October 25. The fall HungerU Tour will continue, with Ambassadors traveling Monday through Thursday to University campuses in the Mid-Atlantic and East Coast. Consider Corn Challenge NCGA recognizes that expanding corn grind short and long term is essential to the profitability of corn production and that is the mission of the Consider Corn Challenge. This NCGA contest invites innovators, entrepreneurs, scientists and academics to redefine the role of corn and explore the broad horizon of opportunity for corn as a feedstock for making bio-

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


based products. Today’s sustainably produced, consistent supply of renewable corn makes it an optimal resource to drive research and accelerate society’s shift to a thriving bio-based community. Our goal is to surface new uses for feed corn that will utilize at least 75 million bushels by 2020. In the previous challenge NCGA selected six winners focused on developing bio sourced materials from corn that can be used to produce bio-based plastics, coolants, adhesives, etc. used in a wide variety of products. Production and Sustainability Consumers increasingly have questions about how we farm and why we do things the way that we do. They worry about the potential effects farming and technology can have on clean air, water, healthy soil and even our weather. NCGA believes we have a good story to tell and we are constantly telling our story to a full range of audiences from school children to social thought leaders, so you have the freedom to operate your business in a way that is responsible and conducive to economic success. Our joint efforts with partners like the Environmental Defense Fund and The Nature Conservancy are raising awareness an several key issue such as improving water quality and developing habitat for pollinators like honeybees and Monarch butterflies.

Beef Association geared toward keeping this large corn customer profitable and viable into the future. NCGA has also put funds towards National Pork Board’s 5 Year Pig Survivability Study and is actively working with National Pork Board on a communications and support plan should African Swine Fever turn up in the US. Additionally, we work with animal ag industry via the Meat Export Federation and have recently commissioned studies showing the value of red meat exports to be $0.39/bushel based on 3.53/bu corn in 2018. These programs are directed and guided by the 15 farmers on our Board of Directors and more than 90 farmers who serve on our Action Teams and Committees. Equally important, these programs are funded by you, as a North Dakota corn checkoff contributor, through dollars invested by the North Dakota Corn Growers Association into national programs. NCGA appreciates your support of these efforts and tackles each project with great attention to grinding more corn, increasing your profitability, and growing new markets for tomorrow’s corn crop.

Land Use Change Our land use change research project is looking at providing insight into the accuracy of using different methods of analysis on remotely sensed imagery. Better imagery, using state-of-the art technology, could fundamentally change the narrative on some environmental topics like water quality and carbon sequestration. Livestock Partnerships NCGA works with livestock organizations on many fronts. One of our newer projects is the Cattlemen’s Education Series which is geared to provide cuttingedge information to beef producers that contributes to increased knowledge, profitability and sustainability. NCGA funds grants through the National Cattlemen’s

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

Dr. Andrew Friskop, NDSU, studies effects of Goss' Wilt on corn

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TEACHERS PARTICIPATE IN CORN-ETHANOL COURSE By David Ripplinger, Bioenergy Economics Specialist, NDSU Extension This summer, eighteen elementary and secondary schoolteachers completed a corn-ethanol course. The course was designed and delivered by David Ripplinger, Bioenergy Economics Specialist with NDSU Extension. The hybrid course included online instruction and a field day in mid-July. Teachers that completed the course received three professional development credits required to maintain accreditation. The course covered a variety of topics including energy science, policy, and markets; fuels and engines, corn production, and corn-ethanol refining. Online modules were motivated by current events, and included lectures, short-quizzes, and reflection papers. The field day began with classroom activities at Central Cass High School to prepare for tours held later in the day. Following lunch at the Red Trail Vineyard, the group visited the Gerald and Hattie Melvin farm near Buffalo, toured of the Tharaldson Corn Ethanol Refinery, and

concluded the day with a visit to the Petro Serve USA gas station in Casselton. Participants were asked to complete course evaluations at the conclusion of the course, and they were very positive. Participants noted the impressive size of the Tharaldson refinery and the corn-ethanol industry in general, the role of data in corn production so farmers are more efficient and profitable, and their appreciation for addressing previously held misconceptions about corn farming and ethanol. The course was supported by North Dakota Corn Council and North Dakota Ethanol Council who covered registration fees that made the course accessible to participants. The course was administered by NDSU’s Office of Distance and Continuing Education. Teachers who successfully completed the course have the opportunity to pursue corn-ethanol tours sponsored by the North Dakota Corn Council for their students as a part of their curriculum. Plans are underway for delivering the course again in 2020, this time with multiple field days, at locations near corn-ethanol refineries, across the state.

Teachers learned about ethanol production at Tharaldson Ethanol.

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Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


ND CORN CLASSIC HELD AT MAPLE RIVER GOLF CLUB The 17th annual ND Corn Classic golf tournament was a success for the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA). The ND Corn Classic was held Tuesday, August 13 at the Maple River Golf Club in Mapleton, N.D.

Team Tharaldson Ethanol with a score of 57. Prizes were also awarded for the Closest to Pin (Brandon Geffre), Longest Drive (Zach Bertschi) and Longest Putt (Kevin Dockter) contestants. Eleven golfers also won prizes for making the putt in the putting contest.

Prizes were given for first, second and third place teams. Winning first place was Team Allied Agronomy with a score of 53. Team Channel Seed came in a close second place with a score of 54. Third place went to

The NDCGA would like to thank our sponsors, members, board members, Maple River Golf Club staff and golfers for their support and making this event a great success!

Dustin Nagel from Team Proseed made the putt in the putting contest.

Golfers from Team Skunes attempt the putt during the putting contest.

Tim Kozojed from Team Bloomfield Enterprises tees off.

Team Channel Seed took home second place.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

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AMERICAN COALITION FOR ETHANOL FLEX FUEL FORWARD CAMPAIGN UPDATE By Ron Lamberty, Senior Vice President, American Coalition for Ethanol Last summer, the North Dakota Corn Council (NDCUC) along with several other corn grower groups, ethanolaffiliated businesses and National Corn Growers’ Ethanol Action Team banded together with the American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) to expand our Market Development efforts through our Flex Fuel Forward marketer outreach campaign. We also agreed to focus some efforts specifically on North Dakota. ACE spent additional time and expense on market development in North Dakota. North Dakota fuel marketers were specifically targeted in advertising and other on-line tools we are using for the Flex Fuel Forward program, at almost four times the frequency of other markets in the US, and the frequency does appear to be succeeding. We switched online media advertising providers earlier this year to a company that hosts several state petroleum marketer websites and their online publications. Because of their direct connection to retailers we thought they would be better able to focus our advertising on people and companies more likely to respond to those ads. In addition to actual marketer email lists from many states, the (staggering and frankly a bit frightening) amount of data they gather from users allows them to create a “profile” for internet users who are also likely to be in the fuel marketing business in some way. Our advertising is then targeted to internet users identified as marketers or potential fuel marketers. Of the 17.5 million impressions made between February

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1, 2019 by our new online advertising partner, 148,542 were made to the 473 companies listed as Gasoline Service Stations in North Dakota (roughly 4x the frequency of other retailers). As a result, 238 unique North Dakota companies have clicked to go to FlexFuelForward.com 1587 times. Percentage-wise, those rates are astronomical – possibly because Kent Satrang, Petroserve USA, was featured in several of the ads. When President Trump announced he would change the rules regarding E15 RVP last October, two things happened - interest in E15 increased, and retailers who were already considering adding E15 and/or flex fuels put the brakes on projects, waiting until the promised change was a “done deal.” There has not been a massive response since the final rule was issued May 31st, but ACE has received dozens of inquiries from retailers in many parts of the country no North Dakota marketers as of the end of June. I have talked with several equipment providers during the same time (including a Minnesota equipment company that does business in North Dakota) most of whom are asking whether the new E15 RVP rule affects blenders and whether it changed EPA equipment compatibility requirements. That means they’re getting calls from retailers who are serious about adding E15. Retailers may call us when they’re researching higher ethanol blends, but when they’re ready to actually make a change, they call pump and equipment companies – so this is an encouraging sign.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


The downside is pump and equipment companies can only change over a store or two a day, and there are only a couple hundred of them (maybe fewer) in the country. If every one of them was converting stations every day, we would gain less than a thousand new E15 locations a month – and they’re not converting stations every day. When E10 became the dominant fuel in the US, it was already very common, and switching to E10 was not a process than required help from an equipment company. We just delivered blended fuel, or brought enough ethanol to the station to blend it up to ten percent. Switching to E15 should be simple, too, but bowing to oil industry pressure, EPA has enacted regulations requiring proof of compatibility far in excess of requirements for any other fuels, and retailers are playing it safe by having the conversions handled by petroleum equipment installers. We also held the release of new marketer videos until after the E15 RVP rule was final, and three new short movies will come out over the next 60 days. This group of videos features Mike Lorenz of Sheetz, Bruce Vollan of Midway Service, and Charlie Good of Good and Quick. One of the criticisms we’ve heard over the last few years has been single store owners complaining that infrastructure funding for E15 and higher blends only went to the big companies and we didn’t understand the small station owner. We know those comments aren’t true, but people who knew all about the programs and wouldn’t research the anti-ethanol misinformation to find out it was safe and smart to accept free or nearly free equipment and sell higher ethanol blends, now want to blame someone else for their dumb decision. By showing a discussion between a big chain operator and two single-station owners, where all have similar experiences and perspective on E15 and flex fuels, tentative station owners can see E15 is an option for all convenience stores and gas stations.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

ACE’s Market Development team also attended 11 petroleum marketer conferences in the past year and FlexFuelForward.com marketers joined us at eight of the events. E15 and flex fuel retailers were featured on the program or in breakout sessions at six of the events, and we may exceed that number between now and next year, as interest grows in higher ethanol blends. Retailers who sell E85 continue to remind us to keep pressing EPA, automakers, and state governments to restore marketplace fairness between flex fuels and other alternative fuels. While everyone is excited about E15, E85 has 12 to 15 times as much “new” ethanol per gallon than E15. As a comparison, since E15 was approved, vehicles have driven “ten billion miles on E15.” That’s about 400 million gallons of E15, which has about 20 million gallons of “new” ethanol volume above E10. Meanwhile, E85 wholesaler Pearson Fuels in San Diego California – has gone from five million gallons of E85 in 2011 to 25 million gallons last year. That’s 20 million new ethanol gallons in 2018 alone. Retailers love E85. We need to do everything we can to keep it viable. There are many other facets to ACE’s market development efforts that should bear some fruit over the next several months and years – and with EPA recently releasing its 2020 RVOs, which defends Small Refinery Exemptions (SRE) ignore a court order to restore a half million gallons they cut three years ago, every market is important. We toured Iowa with a group of Mexican retailers and continue to help retailers discuss E15 rules changes the refiners that supply them, now that E15 is unequivocally “legal” gasoline all year. We appreciate the North Dakota Corn Council’s support of ACE and the Flex Fuel Forward campaign. We are reviewing the program and retailer response, and will be making updates as necessary, and will share our plans with you when they’re complete.

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NDCGA TO AWARD SCHOLARSHIPS The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) will offer (10) $1,000 scholarships to senior high school graduates and college students that are members of NDCGA. Applicants can register to be a member at www.ndcorn.org.

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NDCGA board members will choose up to 10 applicants as a scholarship recipient. Typically, one winner from each of the seven districts plus three atlarge winners from all applications will be chosen. Applicants can only receive the scholarship once. Scholarships will be rated on the following: • Academic transcript • Resume • Activity participation • Career plans • Letters of Recommendation • NDCGA Membership Scholarship applications are available on our website. Applications must be postmarked by January 3, 2020, to the NDCGA office. Good luck to all applicants!

NDCGA EXHIBITS AT BIG IRON FARM SHOW North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) staff and board members spent September 10-12 at the Big Iron Farm Show in West Fargo, N.D. NDCGA staff and board members popped about 200 pounds of popcorn to give to visitors while also recruiting new members to join NDCGA. Both current and new members received a gift for visiting the booth. The Big Iron Farm Show celebrated its 39th year in 2019. An estimated 60,000 people from across the U.S. and several countries attended. Attendees were able to connect with peers, attend training sessions and demonstrations while enjoying the trade show with more than 900 exhibit booths.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org


NDCGA AND NCGA SEEKING PHOTO ENTRIES We are now accepting entries for the 2020 ND Corn Photo Contest! Although not required, we recommend photos be taken by a camera with high resolution, rather than cell phones. Rules: • Photographs must be taken in North Dakota • Photos much depict the corn industry • Photographs much be taken by an amateur Photographs much be emailed to info@ndcorn.org by January 6, 2020. Please include your full name, phone number and mailing address so that we may contact you if you are chosen a winner. The National Corn Growers Association is also accepting photos for their annual Fields of Corn photo contest. The contest seeks high resolution photos of corn growth from seed to harvest and the families that grow it. Photos can be entered in seven categories: Conservations, Corn, Growing Field Corn, The Farm Family Lifestyle, Farming Challenges, Scenery/ Landscapes and True Grit.

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Three winners will be chosen in each category, while the three highest ranked photos in Facebook “likes” will receive prizes in the Most Popular category. First place in each category will vie for the Grand Prize title. Photos can be submitted at www.fields-of-corn.com until November 30. Winners will be announced in January 2020.

The first place photo for the 2019 NDCGA Photo Contest was taken by Katherine Plessner of Verona.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

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FUN IN THE SUN A Summer Full of Activity for Bob the Cob In the depth of the summer, long days and muggy heat means happy corn. Bob the Cob is no exception. Bob the Cob, the official mascot for the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council, has been busy this summer with a variety of summer activities and has been enjoying every minute! Parades One of Bob’s favorite parts of summer is the plethora of small town celebrations, especially when they include a buttered corn feed and a good parade! But what is even better than watching a parade? Being in one of course! This summer Bob the Cob had the opportunity to participate in two parades. He joined North Dakota Soybean Council’s Suzie Soybean to represent two of North Dakota’s most important agricultural commodities in parades during Casselton’s Summerfest in July and Kindred Days in August.

Agriculture Adventure Day at the Red River Valley Zoo Every year, Bob looks forward to a visit to the Red River Valley Zoo for Agriculture Adventure Day. Agriculture Adventure Day is a premier event focused on connecting kids and their parents to North Dakota agriculture. Families have plenty of opportunities to learn as they visit booths from a variety of commodity groups, participate in a variety of activities like planting seeds and digging for worms, or looking through the zoo’s modern agriculture exhibit – featuring a giant soil climbing wall, life size crops, ethanol fuel pumps and more. Bob the Cob had a blast too as he welcomed families to the event, giving high-fives, and singing and dancing with Penny and Pals! He even got the chance to help kids plant corn seeds at the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council and North Dakota Soybean Council Booth, and hang out with corn farmers by the corn plots!

Bob the Cob (NDCUC) and Suzie Soybean (NDSC) greeted visitors to the zoo on Ag Adventure Day.

Bob the Cob (NDCUC) and Suzie Soybean (NDSC) at the Kindred Days Parade.

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Bob the Cob (NDCUC) and Suzie Soybean (NDSC) sang and danced with Penny and Pals!

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


Red River Valley Fair Annually, the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) plays an important role in supporting the Ag Education Center at the Red River Valley Fair in West Fargo, ND. The 16,000 square foot facility was designed with the intent to educate fairgoers about the region’s commodities and livestock. With “Farm to Fork” the official theme of the Ag Education Center, focus is cast on how to best connect consumers with the knowledge of how animals and crops grown in North Dakota go from the farm to the dinner table. Bob the Cob (NDCUC) and Suzie Soybean (NDSC) greeted visitors to the Agriculture Education Center at the Red River Valley Fair.

Bob the Cob (NDCUC) with the NDCUC booth.

Beginning in 2008, the Red River Valley Fair has created an environment where annual modifications and updates bring fresh energy to fairgoers each year. Fairgoers who visit the building have the opportunity to follow the path through the building, stopping at tables along the way that represent the various agricultural commodities in the state. At each table, visitors learn more about agriculture and pick up a token. These tokens are turned in at the end of the experience, at which time participants can choose a prize from the “Grocery Store”. The North Dakota Corn Utilization’s booth includes educational information on types of corn grown in the state, as well as common and new and exciting uses. In addition to NDCUC’s presence in the building as a stop along the experience path, Bob the Cob represented the council as he spent two afternoons at the fair meeting fairgoers and starting conversations about corn. NDCUC also joined Mick Kjar on Farm Talk from the Ag Education Center to chat about the importance of bridging the gap about farming and food for consumers. The summer is winding down, but Bob the Cob is already looking forward to more fun summer activities next year!

Bob the Cob (NDCUC) gave high fives to fairgoers.

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

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VALUE OF RED MEAT EXPORTS TO CORN GROWERS Beef and pork exports added 85 cents per bushel to the price of soybeans and 39 cents per bushel to the price of corn in 2018, according to the latest report by World Perspectives, Inc. (WPI). Over the past three years, WPI has analyzed the impact of U.S. red meat exports on the value of domestic feedgrains and oilseeds.

Among new information included in the latest report are statistics that point to the value of red meat exports to U.S. soybean producers. According to WPI, the market value of pork exports to the soybean industry in 2018 was $783 million. WPI’s updated study shows that without red meat exports, U.S. soybean farmers would have lost $3.9 billion last year and U.S. corn growers would have lost $5.7 billion. The updated report includes a projection of domestic feed use impacts based on both the long-term 10year baseline projections for meat exports, as well as a special analysis on the critical importance of the

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proposed U.S.-Japan trade agreement. USMEF has also prepared state-specific statistics on the value of red meat exports to the top 15 soybean states and top 10 corn states. “The World Perspectives study has been a very useful tool in quantifying the importance of red meat exports to our corn and soybean member organizations,” said USMEF President and CEO Dan Halstrom. “Results of the study and the subsequent updates demonstrate that maintaining global market access for U.S. beef and pork is critical to continued growth and to the continued value that meat exports bring to corn and soybeans.” The updated study also looks forward, projecting that U.S. pork exports are expected to generate $8.68 billion in market value to soybeans from 2019 to 2028. Red meat exports are expected to generate $19.1 billion in market value to corn and $3.1 billion in market value to distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) during that same period. “When the original study came out a few years ago, it gave us a good look at the value of U.S. beef, pork and lamb exports to corn and soybean farmers,” said Dean Meyer, a corn, soybean and livestock producer from Rock Rapids, Iowa. Meyer, a member of the USMEF Executive Committee, noted that the WPI study continues to support the fact that exporting red meat drives demand for livestock, in turn driving demand for livestock feed. “The updated study offers a fresh look at corn and goes a little deeper into soybean meal and what red meat exports mean for soybean growers. As grain farmers, we are aware that meat exports add value by increasing the volume of soybean meal and corn used to feed cattle and hogs, but the numbers in this study provide a clear picture of just how important those exports really are,” said Meyer. USMEF and the National Corn Growers Association

North Dakota Funded by the Corn NorthGrowers Dakota Corn Association Checkoff | |ndcorn.org ndcorn.org


initially commissioned WPI to quantify the impact of U.S. beef and pork exports on corn use and value in 2016, using 2015 data. Record-setting growth in red meat exports since 2016 – along with an uncertain global trade climate that has developed since the original study – led USMEF to request updates. Using final 2018 data and new 2019 to 2028 USDA baseline projections, WPI updated its analysis of red meat exports’ impact on corn in 2018 and expanded the analysis on the value of pork exports to soybeans. Highlights from the updated WPI study include: • Since 2015, meat exports represent the fastest growing category of corn and soybean meal use. • In 2018, exports accounted for 14.6 percent of total U.S. beef production and 25.7 percent of U.S. total pork production, and accounted for 459.7 million bushels of corn utilization – with a market value of $1.62 billion at the year-average market price – and 2 million tons of soybean meal disappearance, which is the equivalent of 84.2 million bushels of soybeans with a market value of $783 million.

Here are some highlights from the updated WPI study specifically for North Dakota corn: • U.S. red meat exports generated a market value of $50 million to North Dakota corn and $9 million to North Dakota DDGS in 2018 (corn/DDGS consumed by meat exports * annual average corn/ DDG price) • U.S. red meat exports are expected to generate a market value of $587 million to North Dakota corn and $93 million to North Dakota DDGS from 2019 - 2028 • Without red meat exports, North Dakota corn farmers would have lost $175 million in corn revenue in 2018 (state corn production * $0.39/ bushel)

• It is estimated that in 2018 beef and pork exports added $0.39 to the average 2018 corn price of $3.53/bushel. Similarly, it is estimated that pork exports added $0.85 per bushel to the average 2018 soybean price of $9.30/bushel. • Since 2015, one in every four bushels of added feed demand for corn was due to beef and pork exports and one in every 10 tons of added feed demand for soybean meal use was due to pork exports. • Over the next 10 years, meat exports are forecast to generate a projected $30.8 billion in cumulative annual market value to corn and soybeans based on USDA’s long-term forecast for crop prices.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org

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TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR REVISED CORN HYBRID TESTING PROGRAM IN NORTH DAKOTA By Dr. Joel Ransom, NDSU Professor and Extension Agronomist; Darin Eisinger, NDSU Plant Science Department The Corn Hybrid Testing program at NDSU provides a source of unbiased information on the performance of many currently available corn hybrids to growers throughout eastern North Dakota and surrounding areas. In order to provide the most reliable data, the program uses rigorous experimental designs and conducts experiments in ten locations. Previous research has shown that growers that use performance data from multiple locations are more likely to pick hybrids that will do relatively better in subsequent seasons. This program strives to provide this type of information. The 2019 growing season represents the sixth season of the “revised” corn hybrid testing program. As in past years, experiments were established in three locations in each of the three production zones (northern, central and southern) within North Dakota. We also included one location in Minnesota in the northern zone. The trials were designed so that the results of early entries and late entries can be separated so that early hybrids are not competing directly with later hybrids that may naturally have greater yield potential. Each zone this year had about 60 unique hybrids (including farmer provided checks). The total number of hybrids tested (173) is down from the 246 tested in 2017, but up from last year’s 142 hybrids. In one site within each zone, conventional hybrids are also tested in order to provide information to those that wish to revert to non-GMO hybrids. Trials were planted between May 10th and May 17th for the 2019 growing season; approximately a week later than normal. Despite the late start, conditions have been very favorable for corn development this year with plenty of moisture, and adequate growing degree days. At the writing of this report, most sites had reached the VT or R1 stage. Population counts have also been recorded at several sites, showing population about

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5% lower than planted, however the cause of this is varied, from poor germination to some minor green snap, or poor vigor in some seeds. An additional trial was planted at several trial sites to support current recommendations for corn seeding rates. Two or three hybrids of similar relative maturity were planted at populations ranging from 22,000 to 42,000 seeds per acre. These trials also served as sites where a drone camera was tested to estimate plant populations and gage plant health using NDVI. Last year’s plots were successfully harvested by October 30th, statistically analyzed and sent to the companies, cooperators and extension centers soon thereafter. Results were published in print and at the website (www. ag.ndsu.edu/cornhybridtesting) by mid-November. Data from this program, along with the results from corn hybrid trials conducted by Research and Extension Centers throughout the state were compiled and published by the NDSU Extension Service as the North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2017 (A793-18). This publication is available online and as a NDSU Extension Service publication. Data from the 2019 season will be made available in a similar manner.

Corn plot in Traill County after harvest in 2018

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NORTHERN CORN ROOTWORMS EXHIBIT BT-RESISTANCE By Dr. Janet Knodel, NDSU Professor and Extension Entomologist In a research project funded in part by the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council, northern corn rootworms in North Dakota have been found with resistance to Bt corn hybrids expressing the Cry3Bb1 (Yieldgard Rootworm) and Cry34/35Ab1 (Herculex CRW) proteins. It’s the first finding of such resistance in northern corn rootworms in the U.S., according to Dr. Janet Knodel, North Dakota State University Extension entomologist and primary investigator on the project. Previously, only western corn rootworm exhibited resistance to Bt corn hybrids. “This is pretty significant,” Janet says. “Some people may have thought we didn’t have to worry about resistance developing the Northern Plains. But it is here now.” Last year, NDSU researchers collected adult northern corn rootworms from five fields in Cass, Sargent and Ransom counties. These adult rootworms were then tested in the lab for resistance to the Bt-proteins. Populations of northern corn rootworms from all the counties were found to have resistance to Bt hybrids expressing the Cry34/35Ab1 protein. The northern corn rootworm population from the field near Arthur in Cass County was also tolerant to the Cry3Bb1 protein, which indicates that resistance to Cry3Bb1 could eventually develop or occur in other parts of the Northern Plains, Knodel says. No cross-resistance was evident between the Cry3Bb1 and Cry34/35Ab1 proteins in the populations tested. Additionally, western corn rootworm adults collected from Ransom County showed resistance to Bt corn hybrids expressing the Cry3Bb1 protein. Western corn

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rootworm populations were not observed in the other counties. Low densities of western corn rootworm could have resulted from the cold winter of 2013-2014 and coinciding significant egg mortality, according to Dr. Knodel. Increased survival of northern corn rootworm and western corn root to Bt pyramided (Cry3Bb1 + Cry34/35Ab1 or SmartStax) corn was also observed in some populations. The reduced susceptibility of both corn rootworm species to the Bt pyramid corn could be attributed to increased tolerance of these populations to Cry3Bb1 and/or Cry34/35Ab1 proteins. But, not all corn rootworm populations tested were resistant and some were still susceptible to Bt corn expressing either or both Cry34/35Ab1 and Cry3Bb1 proteins in North Dakota. This research was recently published in the 2019 Journal of Economic Entomology, a peer-reviewed journal. The abstract is available online. What it means The presence of Bt-resistant northern corn rootworm in the U.S. will require changes in corn management to limit future yield losses, Knodel says. Soil-applied insecticides may have to once again be used to control northern corn rootworm. Knodel suggests farmers scout corn fields closely in the summer for adult northern corn rootworms. If you see high numbers, begin making plans on how to change your management to protect the potential of next year’s crop. The NDSU Extension Service will be focusing on northern corn rootworm control recommendations at meetings during fall and winter 2019. For more information, consult the NDSU Extension publication E1852 Integrated Pest Management of Corn Rootworms in North Dakota.

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THE 3 E'S OF ETHANOL Economy

Environment

Energy Independence

North Dakota’s ethanol industry contributes more than $300 million annually to the state’s economy. The United States’ ethanol industry adds $42.4 billion to the Gross Domestic Product and contributes $29.9 billion to household income and $8 billion in tax revenue.

Overall, ethanol is considered to be better for the environment than gasoline. Ethanol use reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 30 to 50 percent compared to standard gasoline. Ethanol blends also reduce carbon monoxide emissions in vehicles by 10 to 30 percent, while improving fuel octane.

The ethanol used in the United States in 2011 displaced 485 million barrels of imported oil — more than the total 2011 crude oil imports from Saudi Arabia. This saved taxpayers $49.7 billion that would have been sent to foreign oil producers.

Find Ethanol in North Dakota Nine out of 10 cars on the road – any car model from 2001 or newer – can use E15 to keep their engines revving. E15 is a high-performance fuel, with a naturally high octane that burns cleaner and cooler than regular gasoline. Americans are already driving a million miles a day on E15 and reaping these benefits every day – join them and see for yourself. Find a station offering E15, or other ethanol blends using the map below, or visit ndcorn.org to learn more!

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North Funded Dakota by theCorn North Growers DakotaAssociation Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org | ndcorn.org


COMMONGROUND ND PARTNERS WITH MULTIPLE FIELD-TO-PLATE DINNERS TO SERVE UP AGRICULTURAL CONVERSATIONS North Dakota farmers and ranchers are known to produce some of the finest quality commodities in the world. This summer many urban consumers had the opportunity to have their senses tantalized by amazing fare that was served up in picture-perfect agricultural settings. These CommonGround North Dakota (CGND) dinner events were hosted by producers who were eager to share their personal stories about their life and work on the farm and the ranch. The first event held this summer was the 2nd Annual 2019 Banquet in a Field Western Style in Belfield, North Dakota. In the beginning of July, CGND partnered with the Dickinson Chamber Agriculture Committee to bring approximately 150 invitation-only guests to Arrow K Farms. Invitees had an opportunity to engage in dialog about where food comes from while feasting on a wonderfully prepared multi-course meal that featured local commodities. The next event was the inaugural Dinner on the Prairie. This event was held at the end of July in South Prairie near Minot. The excitement was credible, bringing forth a well-attended invitation-only and memorable event. The mission was to bring together a group of farmers, ranchers, educators and agriculturists to empower and educate people to feel confident about their food

Dinner on the Prairie served up conversations about agriculture.

Funded North Dakota by the North Corn Growers Dakota Corn Association Checkoff| |ndcorn.org ndcorn.org

decisions and showcase the diversity of North Dakota agriculture. The inaugural Farmland to Fine Dining event, the third dinner event that was held in early August near Bismarck, welcomed members of the area’s urban community. This event was open to all who purchased tickets with a portion of the proceeds benefiting Farm Rescue. Diners traveled to the country to hear farm and ranch stories while they were served an exquisite meal. Attendees also engaged in conversations with farmers and ranchers to help understand how consumers can follow the steps back to where food comes from. The event’s platform was to create an educational and entertaining fine dining experience while generating awareness of the importance and sustainability of local agriculture. The final scheduled event, the 3rd Annual Dinner in the Valley, was held at the Sheyenne River Bend Farm near Valley City this September. Dinner in the Valley was hosted by the Valley City Chamber of Commerce Ag Committee. Conversations and North Dakota grown food were served during this invitation-only event. To learn more about CommonGround North Dakota and each of these partner events, go to: www.commongroundnd.com.

Farmland to Fine Dining Demonstration.

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GET TO KNOW YOUR COUNCIL MEMBERS District 2 - Jason Rayner North Dakota is divided into seven districts. These districts elect a member to serve producers on the North Dakota Corn Utilization Council. Jason Rayner of Finley, ND represents those producers in District 2. District 2 is comprised of Cass, Steele and Traill Counties. Rayner is a 4th generation farmer and a graduate of Finley-Sharon High School. He holds a bachelor’s degree in business administration from Mayville State University, where he also minored in accounting. Jason and his wife, Renae, have been married since 1996. Renae plays a key role in the day to day farming activities like taking care of the books, running equipment, etc. and is integral to its operation. Jason and Renae were honored in 2015 as North Dakota State University (NDSU) Harvest Bowl County Honorees for Steele County. Together, Jason and Renae have two sons. Jason’s eldest son, Logan, hopes to return home to join the operation upon graduation from the University of Minnesota – Crookston where he is a freshman. Logan will be the 5th generation, and plans to bring a degree in business agriculture management and a minor in agriculture systems management to the table.

Rayner is excited about the opportunity to promote corn use and make an impact on his community through his role with NDCUC. “I had been a county representative for years and wanted to be more involved. The industry has grown so much. I am excited about the chance to promote and educate, especially when it comes to ethanol, and be a part of the positive impact it is making on our community and state.” In addition to serving corn farmers in North Dakota as a member of NDCUC, Jason sits on the Finley Lutheran Church board and the Dakota Rural Water District board. He also represents NDCUC on the National Corn Growers Association board. In his spare time, Jason enjoys time at the lake and dabbling in golf. He is a NDSU Bison fan, and also enjoys University of North Dakota (UND) Hockey. The North Dakota Corn Utilization Council (NDCUC) was created in 1991 and consists of seven members representing seven districts. NDCUC board members can serve 2 consecutive 4-year terms. The NDCUC oversees how North Dakota’s corn checkoff dollars are spent on research, education and promotion of corn and corn products.

Lucas, the youngest, is now 10. “He is mowing and moving equipment, helping us get from field to field,” Rayner explains. “He is getting more involved all the time.” Jason began farming in 1994, taking over for his grandfather at that time. The Rayner’s farm 5,000 acres of corn and soybeans near Finley. “This is truly a family farm,” says Jason. “My wife and sons help out all the time. My dad helps, and my grandfather, now 89, still comes to give guidance. It has always been a family farm. Without them it’d be awfully tough.”

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Jason Rayner with his wife, Renae, and their sons, Logan and Lucas.

Funded by theCorn North DakotaAssociation Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org North Dakota Growers | ndcorn.org


IS IT FALL ALREADY? John Flaa Corn & Soybean Product Manager District Sales Manager South East North Dakota & West Central Minnesota Proseed

we can’t always evaluate new stuff in a garden. I saw definite differences in how corn hybrids responded to too much water, and too little water. Taking notes at silking was kind of neat in a year with cool temps and low GDU’s predominating. I would rather have 2017 and 2018 over again, but you take what you are dealt. I would guess that early flowering hybrids with good dry down scores will shine in these “late planting” situations.

It’s the end of August and Fall feels like it’s here already. I hope it’s not, even though it’s my favorite season. Our corn crop needs a bit more time…probably all of September. Corn in our world (ND and NW MN) needs 55-60 days after silking to mature and be safe from a hard freeze. It’s in Mother Nature’s hands…like usual. I’ve had a lot of conversations the past week or so about corn making maturity. We need some heat, plain and simple.

What does a weird spring like 2019 do to hybrid seed production? I’ve heard that question a lot. I can tell you that we are sitting pretty good. Yes, we will be short of a few key lines, but only to the tune of 80% of expectations. Many others are looking like 110% of expectations. Pollination was very good this year. I was pretty nervous in July about hybrid production fields, but not so much anymore. Whew!! We got lucky.

Where I live, Richland county, we had a bunch of corn planted around May 8-15. Then growers got rained out and back in the fields the end of May and early June to finish corn planting and then to replant all the low areas from the first go around. That was fun…NOT. Spring 2019 was a bearcat in places. Growers got most the crop in though, unlike other areas in the Midwest.

What does a weird spring like 2019 do to deer shedding their velvet? It’s August 30th today and trail cam pics from yesterday show that deer antlers are still fuzzy…at least where I hunt. I’m gonna go brush in a ground blind and have a go at it.

What does a weird spring like 2019 do to hybrid testing and research trials for seed companies trying to evaluate new products? It’s a double edged sword. All the locations didn’t get planted…that’s a negative. Some were planted later than intended…that’s OK,

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

I hope we get some heat in September and a good dry October…not too dry though because dogs can’t smell rooties that good if it’s too dry. 2019 has been a challenge and will be remembered for awhile. I would like to say “good riddance” to Spring 2019, and let’s hope Fall 2019 is a good one. Have a safe harvest season and hunting season…Fall is here.

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NORTH DAKOTA CORN COUNCIL BOARD OF DIRECTORS District 1: Carson Klosterman, Wyndmere District 2: Jason Rayner, Finley (Vice Chairman) District 3: William Wagner, Neche District 4: Tysen Rosenau, Carrington District 5: Terry Wehlander, DeLamere (Chairman) District 6: Scott German, Oakes (Secretary/Treasurer) District 7: Robert Ferebee, Halliday

NORTH DAKOTA CORN COUNCIL COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES Corn Council District 1 Wyndmere - Carson Klosterman Corn Council District 2 Cass - Patrick Skunes Steele - Jason Rayner Traill - Mike Beltz Corn Council District 3 Benson - Randy Simon Burke - Bryan Ankenbauer Cavalier - Mike Muhs Divide - Derik Pulvermacher Grand Forks - Greg Amundson McHenry - Jason Schiele Mountrail - Cliff Tollefson Nelson - David Steffan Pembina - William Wagner Pierce - Nick Schmaltz Ramsey - Paul Becker Renville - Bruce Teubner Ward - Gary Neshem Corn Council District 4 Barnes - Mike Clemens Eddy - Bill Smith Foster - Tysen Rosenau Griggs - Mark Ressler

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Corn Council District 5 Ransom - Justin Halvorson Sargent - Terry Wehlander Corn Council District 6 Dickey - Scott German LaMoure - Dennis Feiken Corn Council District 7 Adams - Jordan Christman Bowman - Tony Pierce Burleigh - Lance Hagen Dunn - Robert Ferebee Emmons - Alex Deis Golden Valley - Steve Zook Grant - Cody VandenBurg Hettinger - Darwyn Mayer Kidder - James Cusey Logan - Dennis Erbele McIntosh - Anthony Neu McKenzie - CJ Thorne McLean - Paul Anderson Mercer - Riley Schriefer Morton - Elwood Barth Oliver - Clark Price Sioux - Jarrod Becker Slope - Ryan Stroh Stark - Duane Zent Wells - Richard Lies

Funded by the North Dakota Corn Checkoff | ndcorn.org


NDCGA BOARD OF DIRECTORS District 1: Andrew Mauch, Mooreton District 1: Ben Bakko, Walcott District 2: Randy Melvin, Buffalo (President) District 2: Tim Kozojed, Hillsboro District 3: Paul Thomas, Velva (Vice President) District 4: Robert Hanson, Wimbledon (Secretary) District 4: Ryan Wanzek, Jamestown District 5: Justin Halvorson, Sheldon District 5: Kyle Speich, Milnor District 6: Drew Courtney, Oakes District 6: Bart Schott, Kulm District 7: Anthony Mock, Kintyre District 7: Clark Price, Hensler

North Dakota Corn Growers Association

Director-at-large: Kevin Skunes, Arthur Director-at-large: Larry Hoffmann, Wheatland

___________________________________________________________ County

NDCGA Industry Directors

___________________________________________________________ Home Phone

Tom Cook: Cargill, Wahpeton Kyle Gerner: Gerner Ag, Oakes Ryan Bohnsack: American Federal Bank, Fargo Jeff Triebold: Prairieland Ag, Fargo

BECOME A MEMBER TODAY! When you join the North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) you invest in the North Dakota corn industry today and beyond. You join hundreds of your fellow North Dakota corn farmers in creating an even stronger future for corn production in the state. Your future as a corn producer is influenced by consumer opinion, regulatory guidelines and government programs. NDCGA ensures that your voice is heard when decisions are being made that impact your farm. You are an important part of North Dakota's corn industry. Fill out the North Dakota Corn Growers Association Membership Application on this page and join today! If you would like to learn more about membership, please contact Elli at elli@ndcorn.org.

North Dakota Corn Growers Association | ndcorn.org

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION ___________________________________________________________ Name ___________________________________________________________ Farm/Business Name ___________________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________________ City, State, Zip

___________________________________________________________ Mobile Phone ___________________________________________________________ Email ___________________________________________________________ Spouse Name ___________________________________________________________ Recruiter Name MARK ONE

New Membership

Renewal

MARK ONE

I have sold at least 12,000 bushels of corn in ND, entitling me to a free 1-year membership. I have sold at least 24,000 bushels of corn in ND, entitling me to a free 3-year membership.

I have not sold corn in North Dakota, but wish to become a member. 1 Year = $35 3 Year = $85 1 Year Student Membership (High school or post-secondary) = $10 COMPLETE APPLICATION FORM AND MAIL WITH PAYMENT TO:

North Dakota Corn Growers Association 4852 Rocking Horse Circle South Fargo, ND 58104

For more information, visit www.ndcorn.org or call (701) 566-9322

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4852 Roc k ing H ors e Circ le S . • Fargo, N D 58104 ndcorn.org • (701) 566 -9322

The ND Corn Growers Association does not endorse the use of products advertised in the magazine.

SAVE THE DATE! NORTHERN CORN & SOYBEAN EXPO FEBRUARY 4, 2020 FARGODOME FARGO, N.D. WWW.NORTHERNCORNSOYEXPO.COM

Profile for North Dakota Corn Growers Association

Fall 2019 Corn Talk  

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