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37-ՐԴ ՏԱՐԻ, ԹԻՒ 1125

ՇԱԲԱԹ, 14 ԱՊՐԻԼ 2018

²äðÆȺ²Ü ø²èúðº²Ú ä²îºð²¼ØÆ 2-ð¸ î²ðºÈÆò 2NDANNIVERSARY OF FOUR-DAY APRIL WAR 1  


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áñù³Ý ³É áñáß ï»Õ¿ ÙÁ ³Ý¹ÇÝ ³Ýáñ Ñ»ï ãμ³Åݻ٠ÝáÛÝ ³ß˳ñѳѳۻ³óùÝ»ñÁ: ê³Ï³ÛÝ, ÙÇõë μáÉáñ¿Ý ³é³ç, Ý³Ë Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÁ å¿ïù ¿ ¹¿ÙÁ ϳݷÝÇÝ ½Çñ»Ýù ³Ûë íÇ׳ÏÇÝ Ñ³ëóÝáÕÇÝ: ÜáÛÝÇëÏ »Ã¿ ×Çß¹ ¿ ³ÛÝ ËûëùÁ, ÿ Ù¿Ï Ñá·ÇÇ å³ï׳éáí ѳñÏ ¿ ¹³ï»É μáÉáñ Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÁ, μ³Ûó »õ ³ÛÝå¿ë ³ÛÉ»õë û·áõï ãáõÝÇ ³ïÇϳ: ÜáÛÝÇëÏ »Ã¿ ×Çß¹ ¿ ²Ã»ß»³Ý¿Ý ½³Ûñ³ó³Í` ËûëáÕÝ»ñáõÝ ÛÇß»óÝ»ÉÁ, áñ å¿ïù ¿ ËÝ³Û»É ÙÇõë Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, ³ïÇϳ ³É ³Ý³½¹áõ ÙݳÉáõ ¹³ï³å³ñïáõ³Í ¿ñ »õ ³Û¹å¿ë ³É »Õ³õ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ³Ûë ﳷݳåÁ ß³ï »ñϳñ»ó³õ: ²ÛÝù³Ý ³ï»Ý áñ ²Ã»ß»³Ý ÑáÝ ¿` ³°Û¹ ÏáãáõÙáí, ³ÝËáõë³÷»ÉÇ ¿ ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë Ñá·»õáñ ³ÝÓÇÝ ÇÝùÝáõû³Ý »õ å³ïÏ»ñÇÝ Ñ³ëóáõ»ÉÇù íݳëÝ ³É: سñ¹ÇÏ áñù³Ý áñ ÏÁ ½³Ûñ³Ý³Ý ²Ã»ß»³Ý¿Ý, ÝáÛÝù³Ý ³É ÏÁ ½³Ûñ³Ý³Ý ³ÛÝ Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý, áñáÝù ÏÁ Ñݳ½³Ý¹ÇÝ ³Ýáñ: ä³ïñdzñù³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³õáõÝ Õ»ÏÁ ˳μ¿áõû³Ùμ Ó»éù ³Ýóáõó³Í Ù¿ÏÁ ³Û¹ ݳõÁ Ïþ³é³çÝáñ¹¿ áõÕÕ³ÏÇ ¹¿åÇ ³å³é³ÅÝ»ñ: ºÃ¿ ãÛ³çáÕÇù í»ñëïÇÝ Ó»éù ³ÝóÁÝ»É Õ»ÏÁ »õ »ñμ μ³ËÇù ųÛé»ñáõÝ, ³ÛÝ ³ï»Ý ³ÉÇùÝ»ñáõÝ §Ù»½ ÙÇ° ɳ÷¿ù, ½³°ÛÝ É³÷»ó¿ù¦ Áë»ÉÁ áã Ù¿Ï û·áõï åÇïÇ áõݻݳÛ: Æ í»ñçáÛ Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÁ áã ÿ ²Ã»ß»³ÝÇ, ÝáÛÝÇëÏ ÁÝïñ»³É å³ïñdzñùÇ ÙþÇëÏ Í³é³Ý»ñÁ ã»Ý: ²ÛÉ, ³ÝáÝù Çñ»Ýó ßáõñç ѳõ³ùáõ»Éáí` Çñ»ÝóÙ¿ μ³ñáÛ³Ï³Ý ³é³çÝáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ ³ÏÝϳÉáÕÝ»ñáõ, »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ ͳé³ÛáÕÝ»ñÝ »Ý: ÎÁ ë˳ÉDZÙ: ÆÝãå¿ë áñ ³ÝáÝù ù³ñ³÷ ÙÁ ÏÁ ѳݹÇë³Ý³Ý Çñ»Ýó ѳٳÛÝùÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ, ÝáÛÝå¿ë ³É, ͳÛñ³·áÛÝ å³ñ³·³ÛÇÝ, Çñ»Ýó ѳٳÛÝùÝ áõ »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ åÇïÇ Ñ³Ý¹Çë³Ý³Ý ³ÛÝ ù³ñ³÷Á, áõñ ³ÝáÝù ÏñÝ³Ý ³å³ëï³ÝÇÉ: ²Ûë ³½·Á ï»ë³Í ¿ Çñ Ñ»ï ¹¿åÇ Ù³°Ñ ù³ÉáÕ Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ ³É, ½ÇÝù Ù³ïÝá°Õ Ñá·»õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ ³É: Ò»½Ç ÏÁ ÙÝ³Û áñáß»É` á±ñ Ù¿ÏÁ åÇïÇ ÁÉɳù ³ÝáÝóÙ¿: ÚàìвÜܾê øÀÈÀâî²ÔÀ

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Armen Sargsyan sworn in as President of Armenia MassisPost -- Armen Sargsyan took the Oath of Office of President of Armenia midday April 9 at a special session of the Armenian Parliament held at the Karen Demirchyan Sports and Concerts Complex. He took the oath of office by placing his right hand on the original book of the Constitution of Armenia and a 7th century Bible. “By assuming office of President of Armenia, I swear to be committed to the Constitution of Armenia, to be impartial during fulfilment of my powers, to be guided solely by state and pan-national interests and to contribute my entire strength for the strengthening of national unity. May Gold help me,” Sargsyan said. Sargsyan, 64, is the first Armenian president not elected by popular vote. The change stems from constitutional changes that have transformed Armenia into a parliamentary republic. Sargsyan will therefore have largely ceremonial powers. In an ensuing speech, Sargsyan mentioned challenges facing the country. “We must jointly and consistently fight against negative and vicious practices in the state system, society and our environment: from corruption to social injustice, from indifference to irresponsibility,” he declared. “In this just and uncompromising fight, each of us has a role to play. We will succeed if we not only criticize but also propose, if we join forces and work together, rather than create divisions.” The new president, who has tried to reach out to various political and civic groups, intellectuals and business circles in recent weeks, went on to stress the need for faster economic development. “No matter how attractive and substantiated promises of the bright future are, people want to feel their fruits now, and they are right,” he said. “The 21st century is a century of thought and rapid scientific progress,” said Sargsyan. “Accordingly, we must build a new Armenia; a young Armenia; a dynamic, flexible, and creative Armenia.” The inauguration was attended by 92 of the 105 members of the parliament. Most of the absent deputies are affiliated with the opposition Yelk bloc, which controls 9 parliament seats. Seven Yelk deputies voted against Sargsyan while the two others did not vote at all on March 2. A physicist and mathematician by education, Sargsyan worked at the Cambridge University when he was appointed as newly independent Armenia’s first ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1991. He served as prime minister for four months in 1996‒1997 before being again named ambassador in London. His second ambassadorial stint was cut short in 1999 by then President Robert Kocharyan. Sargsyan stayed in Britain and made a fortune there in the following decade, working as an advisor and middleman for Western corporations doing business in the former Soviet Union. He was appointed as Armenian ambassador to Britain for a third time in 2013. Under the amended constitution, Sargsyan will serve for a seven-year term. He will be primarily tasked with ensuring “observance of the constitution” by various branches of government. In particular, he will be able to send parliament-approved bills to the Constitutional Court for examination in case of objecting to their provisions. The bills will have to be signed into law if the court certifies their conformity with the constitution. The president will also formally appoint members of the government, Armenian ambassadors abroad and the Armenian army’s top brass nominated by the prime minister. In addition, he can sign international treaties recommended by the ruling cabinet. 38  


April 2 marks two years since large-scale aggression unleashed by Azerbaijan NEWS.am -- On the night of April 2, 2016, Azerbaijan launched a large-scale aggression against the Republic of Artsakh. The Armed Forces of Azerbaijan used virtually all types of weapons. During April 2‒5, there were fights along the entire line of contact with the heaviest clashes in the south (Hadrut) and the northeast (Martakert). On the morning of April 2, the Armenian side reported the destruction of an Azerbaijani combat helicopter in the northern direction and the human losses in adversary units. In was announced that the enemy's armoured vehicles had been destroyed. On the same day, an official source in Artsakh reported the death of 12-year-old Vaghinak Grigoryan as a result of the shelling of a school. Two more children were hospitalized. Around noon, the Armenian Defence Ministry reported the destruction of an Azerbaijani sabotage group by Artsakh Armed Forces. At around 6 am on April 3, the Azerbaijani Armed Forces launched an artillery bombardment and advancement of armoured vehicles on the south. At the same time, fighting continued in the direction of Martakert. On the same day, the Defence Ministry of Artsakh announced that the territories occupied on the eve by the Azerbaijani side in the direction of Talysh village were returned under the control of the NKR Armed Forces. In the south, two tanks and one infantry fighting vehicle were destroyed. On the night of April 4, the Azerbaijani side, continued shelling with mortars and artillery along the entire line of contact, and the peaceful settlements were targeted. At 7 a.m. the southern and north-eastern directions of the line of contact were subjected to intensive bombardment. The Azerbaijani Armed Forces used heavy equipment and combat drones. An Azerbaijani drone attacked a bus, killing five people. On the night of April 5, the Azerbaijani Armed Forces used the Smerch rocket launcher in the south. Truce was established at noon April 5, the hostilities were stopped. Despite the truce, soldier of the Artsakh Army Armen Gasparyan was killed on April 6 in a shelling from the Azerbaijani side, while on the night of April 7, the Azerbaijani army made an a infiltration attempt towards the village of Talysh, however, retreated after losing one soldier. The sides exchanged bodies in accordance with the agreements on April 10. The Armenian side was handed over 18 bodies. According to the final data, 110 Armenian soldiers and volunteers were killed and 121 were injured. As to the losses of the Azerbaijani side, the Azerbaijani Defence Ministry carefully conceals the data, and reported only the death of 31 people. However, according to an independent source of Meydan TV, there were at least 93 deaths. The analytical centre OSTKRAFT reported a classified data of the Azerbaijani army indicating that 800 people were killed Azerbaijan lost 24 tanks, 4 infantry fighting vehicles, two helicopters, one Grad multiple rocket launcher, 14 unmanned aerial vehicles, dozens of cars. As a result of the unleashed aggression, Azerbaijan seized about 500 hectares of non-strategic territories, paying for it with the hundreds of lives of its own soldiers.

Armenia continues to acquire new weapons from Russia RFE/RL -- Armenia is continuing to acquire Russian-manufactured weapons and other military equipment as part of its close defence links with Russia, Deputy Defence Minister Davit Pakhchanyan said. In particular, Pakhchanyan announced that the Armenian army has received such weaponry purchased with a $200 million Russian loan disbursed to Yerevan in 2015. “What was planned within the framework of the first [Russian] loan has already been delivered, and there is an agreement to continue that work,” he told at a news conference. “That is a serious component of our arms acquisitions. Our cooperation with Russia is now going quite well.” 39  


The weapons covered by that loan are believed to include, among other things, Smerch multiple-launch rocket system, thermobaric TOS-1A and anti-tank Kornet rocket systems, and shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles. The Armenian government announced in October 2017, that Moscow will provide it with a further $100 million loan that will be spent on buying more Russian weapons at internal Russian prices set well below international market-based levels. Armenia is entitled to such price discounts due to its membership in the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). Despite these close military ties, Russia has sold Armenia’s arch-foe Azerbaijan at least $4 billion worth of tanks, artillery systems, combat helicopters and other weaponry in the last several years. Armenian leaders have publicly criticized these arms deals, saying that they contributed to the April 2016 fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh. Visiting Yerevan earlier in March, a senior Russian pro-government lawmaker indicated that Moscow will scale down its future arms dealings with Baku in response to the Armenian criticism. “We are obviously unhappy with Russian arms supplies to Azerbaijan,” said Pakhchanyan. “The Russian side is now saying that the scale of those supplies will be cut significantly.” Earlier this year, the U.S. government reportedly warned that Yerevan will risk U.S. sanctions in case of signing “substantial deals” with Russia’s state-owned defence industry. “Of course, sanctions are a problem but we need to ensure our security and our actions on this issue will be first and foremost based on our interests,” Pakhchanyan said in this regard. The official made clear that Armenia is also keen to step up “military-technical cooperation” with other foreign nations, including China, Serbia and NATO member Poland. Pakhchanyan further said that the Armenian military is increasingly reliant on the domestic defence industry in its arms acquisitions and other procurements. Armenian companies manufacture items such as unmanned aerial vehicles, radars and electronic equipment using laser technology.

Aliyev claims Azerbaijan has completed military build-up with sophisticated weapons RFE/RL -- Azerbaijan has essentially completed largescale acquisitions of weapons for its armed forces which began more than a decade ago, President Ilham Aliyev said on April 6. “We have practically finished the process of rearmament of our army,” he told the official Russian TASS news agency. “Today our army is equipped with the most sophisticated and precision-guided offensive and defensive weaponry. “We buy weapons from the world’s best manufacturers. The acquired weapons make us self-confident.” “Further arms purchases will have a more selective and concrete nature and be aimed at solving one or another issue,” Aliyev added without elaborating. Baku embarked on a massive military build-up in the early 2000s as it started earning billions of dollars in annual oil revenue. Russia, Israel and Turkey have been its main suppliers. Russia alone has sold an estimated $5 billion worth of various weapons to Azerbaijan in the last several years, prompting criticism from Armenia. Armenian leaders say those arms supplies contributed to the April 2016 fighting in Karabakh which nearly escalated into an all-out war. Speaking to TASS, Aliyev again blamed Armenia for the lack of decisive progress in Armenian-Azerbaijani peace talks. He said Yerevan is “doing everything” to maintain the status quo. Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan claimed the opposite in a newspaper interview published the same day. He blamed the deadlock on Baku’s “maximalist” position on the conflict. 40  


Bako Sahakyan: Azerbaijani refugees naturally can return to Artsakh NEWS.am -- Azerbaijani refugees naturally can return to Artsakh, to the Artsakh Republic, if they recognize its jurisdiction, President of Artsakh Republic Bako Sahakyan announced in an interview with Armenian Mirror Spectator. Sahakyan appreciated the ongoing diplomatic efforts of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)’s Minsk Group, of which the United States is a leading member. He said, “We understand that the international community in the person of the Minsk Group is concerned with finding a solution to this complicated issue. However, the Minsk Group’s interest is not sufficient. Our profound conviction is that the non-constructive, extremist, bellicose position of one of the parties, Azerbaijan, toward this issue is the obstruction which we are unable to overcome to achieve more serious agreements.” He also said that for the peace process to be successful Artsakh must be one of the full parties or “sides” in negotiations along with Armenia and Azerbaijan, as was initially agreed upon at the 1994 Budapest OSCE summit, and that Artsakh continues to do whatever is in its power to restore that format. The situation of refugees in the region is often raised in international circles. Sahakyan said, “At present, it is Azerbaijani refugees that are chiefly talked about. We naturally are in favour of talking not only about Azerbaijani refugees but also about Armenian refugees.” Sahakyan declared, concerning Azerbaijanis who used to live in Artsakh and who may wish to regain control of their properties, “We have said on multiple occasions over the course of recent years that Azerbaijani refugees naturally can return to Artsakh, to the Artsakh Republic, if they recognize its jurisdiction.”

Three Armenians killed in Karabakh landmine blast RFE/RL -- Three ethnic Armenian civilians working for the British demining group HALO Trust were killed and two others seriously wounded when a landmine exploded in Nagorno-Karabakh on March 29. The HALO Trust said “the accidental detonation of an anti-tank landmine” occurred near Ghazanchi, a village in Karabakh’s northern Martakert district which was the scene of fierce fighting during the 1991‒1994 Armenian-Azerbaijani war. “The staff members were in a vehicle conducting survey duties at the time,” it said in a statement. “The injured have been taken to hospital and HALO is contacting the families of those killed,” added the statement. An official from HALO’s Stepanakert office told RFE/RL’s Armenian service (Azatutyun.am) that all five persons struck by the blast are Karabakh Armenians who worked for the British charity. Doctors in Stepanakert were still fighting for the lives of the two wounded demining workers several hours after the incident. A spokeswoman for the Karabakh health ministry said both men, aged 43 and 30, are undergoing surgeries. According to a senior aide to Karabakh president Bako Sahakyan, law-enforcement bodies are already investigating the circumstances of the incident. “Naturally, the relevant bodies are doing their job,” said Davit Babayan. “The main thing for us right now is to save those persons’ lives.” The HALO Trust began its land-clearing activities in Karabakh 18 years ago. The organization has since cleared around 90 percent of the territory’s minefields dangerously close to civilian areas. It has destroyed more than 11,000 anti-personnel and anti-tank landmines mostly left over from the 1991‒1994 war. The U.S. Congress has financed the effort as part of its direct humanitarian assistance to Karabakh allocated over strong Azerbaijani objections. 41  


Freedom House report classifies Armenia as “semi-consolidated authoritarian regime” MassisPost -- Armenia has been classified as a semiauthoritarian regime in the Nations in Transit 2018 report released by the Freedom House. Armenia’s “democracy score”, on a scale of 1 to 7 (1=Most Democratic, 7=Least Democratic), is 5.43. Nations in Transit is Freedom House’s research project on democracy in the 29 formerly communist countries from Central Europe to Central Asia. The 2018 ratings reflect the period January 1 through December 31, 2017. Armenia’s “democracy score” was 5.39 for 2017. The decline, according to the report, “was due to the solidification of systemic corruption as a consequence of the HHK’s consolidation of executive, legislative, and judicial power, and due to accumulated evidence of government unwillingness to root out high-level abuse of office.” In the report’s Outlook for 2018 section we read: The year 2018 will have a number of key inflection points for the future of Armenian governance. President Sargsyan’s second term will expire early in the year, at which time the full governance transition from semi-presidential to parliamentarian system will theoretically take place. Questions linger about whether Sargsyan will pursue formal public office – for example, as the new prime minister, who will hold most executive power – or influence politics from behind the scenes as leader of the HHK. His choice, and the filling of the prime minister’s seat if he chooses not to take it, will have fundamental ramifications for institutions at the national level, and will also serve as a strong indication of ruling elites’ true intentions regarding the constitutional changes. The year will also be a testing ground for Armenia’s ambitious foreign policy, particularly for its ability to balance closer cooperation with the EU with its heavy dependence on Russia. Russia and Azerbaijan have been classified as consolidated authoritarian regimes, while Georgia is described as transitional government or hybrid regime. In 2018, Nations in Transit registered the most score declines in the project’s 23-year history: 19 of the 29 countries had declines in their overall Democracy Scores. For the second year in a row, there are more Consolidated Authoritarian Regimes than Consolidated Democracies.

Jirayr Sefilian sentenced to 10.5 years in prison RFE/RL -- Jirayr Sefilian, a radical opposition figure, was sentenced to 10.5 years in prison nearly two years after being arrested on charges of plotting an armed revolt against the Armenian government. A court in Yerevan also handed down prison sentences ranging from 2 to 5.5 years to six other defendants who went on trial with Sefilian last May. The shortest jail term was given to Hovannes Petrosyan, the sole defendant who has testified against Sefilian. Petrosyan has said that the latter had told him to prepare for the seizure of a television tower in Yerevan. The prosecutors claim that Sefilian formed an armed group to attack this and several other “strategic” facilities, including a military base just outside the capital, with the aim of forcing the Armenian authorities to take “certain actions.” They also say that he planned to organize “mass disturbances” in Yerevan during the April 2015 commemorations of the centenary of the Armenian Genocide in Ottoman Turkey. Sefilian and all other defendants except Petrosyan have strongly denied these accusations as politically motivated. Speaking at the end of his trial, Sefilian called the criminal case against him and the other men a “fairy tale.” The jailed leader of Founding Parliament, a radical opposition movement, also accused the presiding judge, Tatevik Grigoryan, of resorting to “illegal actions” throughout the trial. Sefilian has frequently and bitterly argued with Grigoryan during court hearings in the high-profile case. The 42  


Lebanese-born oppositionist has been repeatedly banned from the courtroom as a result. The 30-year-old judge has also sanctioned his and other defendants’ lawyers for contempt of court. The lawyers, backed by some human rights activists, have decried what they call serious violations of due process. They have insisted that the prosecution has failed to substantiate its grave accusations. Grigoryan claimed the opposite in her ruling, however. Sefilian, 51, was arrested in June 2016 less than a month before three dozen members and supporters of Founding Parliament seized a police compound in Yerevan’s Erebuni district to demand his release and President Serzh Sargsyan’s resignation. The gunmen laid down their weapons after a two-week standoff with security forces which left three police officers dead. They are now standing three separate trials. Sefilian was the commander of the Shushi special military battalion during 1991‒1994 Artsakh liberation war and played a significant role during the Battle of Shusi. Sefilian has been a vocal critic of both the current and previous Armenian governments. In 2006, he was arrested shortly after setting up an anti-government union of fellow war veterans. The authorities claimed that they planned to mount an armed uprising against then President Robert Kocharyan. Sefilian was cleared of the coup charge during his subsequent trial. Still, he spent 18 months in prison for allegedly illegal arms possession. Sefilian was again detained along with his four associates in 2015, ahead of a series of anti-government rallies planned by them in Yerevan. They were charged with plotting street violence but were set free a month later.

Three major airlines resume regular flights to Armenia Brussels Airlines, the flag carrier and largest airline of Belgium, will resume regular flights to Armenia. The airline will conduct Brussels-Yerevan-Brussels regular flights, starting from June 2. From June 2 to July 2 as well as between August 29 and October 27, these flights will be on Saturdays, whereas from July 3 to August 28, on Tuesdays and Saturdays. Czech Airlines will operate Prague-Yerevan-Prague regular flights. The flights will launch on June 8, 2018. They will operate twice a week on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Arkia Israeli Airlines will conduct regular flights between Tel Aviv and Yerevan. The flights will launch on May 16, and be carried out on Wednesdays.

CNN to air “Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown” episode on Armenia on May 20 Armradio -- The CNN will air an episode of the “Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown” tracking American food icon Anthony Bourdain’s trip to Armenia and Artsakh on May 20. Bourdain takes a wide-angle look at the culture and history of this country with guides musician of Armenian descent Serj Tankian (System of a Down), and historian/Armenian resident Richard Giragosian, the CNN said as it announced the start of the Season 11 of the top-rated Emmy and Peabody award-winning CNN Original Series. Breaking bread with Tankian at the restaurant Dolmama in Yerevan, during dinners with locals, the host explores the native and diaspora Armenian populations’ survival and achievements against the odds. Described by The New Yorker as a “swaggering chef”, Bourdain has built an empire around food, which started with his New York Times best-selling book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly (2000). Today, he is well-known as a TV personality, and has starred in shows on Food Network and his Travel Channel show “Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations,” which saw Bourdain travel to unexpected locations, indulging in the region’s local culinary traditions. In “Parts Unknown”, Bourdain travels the world uncovering lesser known places and exploring cultures and cuisine. The show has won five Emmy Awards, as well as a 2013 Peabody Award. 43  


St. Gregory of Narek statue unveiled at the Vatican MassisPost -- Pope Francis has inaugurated the statue of 10th century Armenian monk Gregory of Narek on April 5 in the Vatican Gardens at a ceremony attended by President Serzh Sargsyan, Catholcicos of All Armenians Karekin II and Catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia Aram I. St Gregory of Narek is recognized as a Saint in both the Catholic Church, being venerated in a particular way among Catholics of the Armenian Rite, and in the Armenian Apostolic Church. His legacy lives on through this ecumenical effort which is centred on him. In an interview with Vatican News, Mikayel Minasyan, Ambassador of the Republic of Armenia to the Holy See, described St Gregory of Narek as a symbol of brotherhood and a bridge between the two Churches and for all Christians, “above all those of the Middle East.” Gregory of Narek was a 10th century Armenian monk, poet, and mystical writer and composer. His most wellknown literary work is a book of prayers, known as the “Book of Lamentations”. It is considered a masterpiece of Armenian literature. St Gregory himself defined the work as an “encyclopaedia of prayer for all nations.” He voiced hope that his book would provide guidance in prayer for people of all walks of life in order to reach God. Pope Francis bestowed the title of “Doctor of the Universal Church” on St Gregory at an April 2015 Vatican mass dedicated to the centenary of the Armenian Genocide in Ottoman Turkey. The pontiff described him as “an extraordinary interpreter of the human soul.” Only 36 Christian figures have received the Catholic title to date. Today’s occasion is the high point of an ecumenical journey between the Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church, Vatican News said. For the first time in history, all three Armenian Church leaders are gathered together with the Roman Pontiff. It is something that Pope Francis prayed for in 2015. “Through the redemptive power of Christ’s sacrifice, may the blood which has been shed bring about the miracle of the full unity of his Disciples. In particular, may it strengthen the bonds of fraternal friendship which already unite the Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church.” The statue, designed by David Yerevantsi, was melted in the Czech Republic and a copy of it is currently in production and will be placed in the gardens of the Cathedral of Holy See of Etchmiadzin where an inauguration ceremony will be held at the end of 2018.

Monument to Armenian Genocide victims will be installed in Geneva NEWS.am -- A monument to the Armenian Genocide victims will be installed in Geneva’s Tremblay park this month. The works to install the monument called “Les réverbères de la mémoire” (The Lanterns of Memory) are already underway. The author of the monument is French sculptor of Armenian origin Melik Ohanian, bluewin.ch reported. The installation of the monument has been a disputed issue for a decade. The idea of the project was born ten years ago, but the Armenian community finally got a permit to implement it only in 2016. The attorney, adviser and MP of Swiss People's Party Yves Nidegger has applied for cancelling the decision of the city’s administration. He said the park was a green zone, and nothing can be build there except for the buildings in the interests of the citizens and exclusively related to the park development. The project was to be implemented in Geneva’s Ariana park in 2014, but was turned down on the ground of “violation of Geneva’s neutrality on the international platform,” although the decision was actually adopted under the pressure of the Turkish authorities. 44  


German MP Cem Özdemir awarded Mkhitar Gosh Medal by Armenia MassisPost -- German Bundestag Greens party CoChair Cem Özdemir was awarded Armenia’s Mkhitar Gosh Medal for significant contribution for the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide. The awarding ceremony took place on March 23 in the Armenian Embassy in Berlin. Ambassador of Armenia Ashot Smbatyan delivered remarks at the event, mentioning that Özdemir has proved with his work that in the present days tolerance and courage have greater significance in establishing mutual understanding between peoples, rather than nationalist calls or isolation from other countries. Several high ranking German government officials were present at the event, as well as MPs and foreign envoys. On 12 March 2015 Özdemir visited the Armenian Genocide memorial in Yerevan, Armenia and declared his formal recognition of the Armenian Genocide and called on Turkey to recognize it as well. In an interview he stated: “I think that Germany should obviously refer to the Armenian Genocide issue. As a friend of two countries, we should help to open the Armenian-Turkish border. As a friend of both countries, we should exert effort, so that the Armenian-Turkish relations become like the French-German or Polish-German relations.” In 2016 Özdemir initiated a resolution in the Bundestag that would formally classify the 1915 massacres as genocide. The resolution passed on 2 June 2016 with what Speaker Norbert Lammert called a “remarkable majority.” At the time, Özdemir emphasized that the resolution was not designed to point fingers at others but rather to acknowledge Germany’s partial responsibility for the Genocide. In 1915, the German Empire was an ally of the Ottoman Empire and failed to condemn the violence. After the Bundestag’s approval of the resolution he received multiple death threats.

History of the Social Democrat Hunchakian Party in Spanish MassisPost -- On March 23, at the Wilton Hotel main room in Buenos Aires, a book by attorney Dante Asilian titled “One Nation One Party” and dedicated to the 130th anniversary of the SDHP was presented to the public. The event was organized by Sharjoum Cultural Union. At the start of the program MC Prof. Marie Edukian read the SDHP Central Committee chairman Dr. Hampig Sarafian’s letter of appreciation and welcomed the presence of Chairman of the Central Committee of the Ramgavar Azadagan Party Sergio Nahabedian, AGBU local branch Chairman Ruben Ketigian and representatives of various organizations. The book was presented by experts Maria Dersipadjian and Paizio Arsenio Vueños who highlighted the role of the SDHP in trying to prevent the Armenian Genocide. The speakers pointed out the SDHP’s unwavering will to fight against the strong Sultan and then the Young Turks government. The chairman of the Social Democrat Hunchakian Party of Argentina Dr. Carlos Darpinian highly appreciated the author Dante Asilian’s work and intellectual merits living away from the homeland, and his decades’ long effort to preserve our ideological identity. The program ended with the SDHP anthem “Heravor Yergir”. 45  


Harout Chitilian is to become Aurora’s next CEO NEWS.am -- The Co-Founders of the Aurora Humanitarian Initiative have announced that Harout Chitilian, a citizen of Canada, will come on board on July 1, as Aurora’s next CEO, succeeding Arman Jilavian, who has held the position since the inception of the unique global undertaking. “Aurora was born of Armenia but is now a global project. Since its inception, Aurora has welcomed those who think globally to join this ambitious endeavour and, in that spirit, we welcome Harout Chitilian to this position. He comes at a time when Aurora will be growing again, executing a number of educational and outreach programs, in addition to the primary humanitarian direction,” added Ruben Vardanyan, Co-Founder of Aurora, who with his wife Veronika Zonabend carries out a number of charitable, educational and development projects in Armenia and around the world. “As we welcome Aurora’s next CEO, it is worth remembering and reminding that the Aurora Humanitarian Initiative is not just a new presence in the Armenian world and within the humanitarian community, but it is a new kind of enterprise, an NGO created with a new spirit and a new vision. Aurora was established three years ago, as the outcome of our very ambitious goals – to express gratitude to the memory of those who helped save Armenians a century ago, and to do so by aiding those who are committed to saving those in danger today,” explained Vartan Gregorian, Co-Founder of the Aurora Humanitarian Initiative. Noubar Afeyan, Co-Founder of the Aurora, continued. “The Aurora Initiative requires from us the ability to envision expansively and act for maximal impact to address some of today’s critical global needs. With roots planted in Armenians’ historic experience of Genocide, Aurora is about remembering and giving back in gratitude to those who came to our aid many decades ago.” Chitilian, 37, who previously held the position of vice president of the executive committee and chairman of City Council of Montreal, is an engineer by training and that comes through as he speaks about Aurora. “Not only is Aurora innovative and ambitious, but I am drawn to it because it is very systematically planned and creatively developed. When I was in government, that was the approach I used in almost every action. I am very impressed by what Aurora has accomplished in such a short time,” he said. “I am excited by the prospect and view this as an amazing opportunity for both the Co-Founders and myself to collaborate and bring the Aurora mission to another level – to make it sustainable, successful, and on the forefront of expressing gratitude and addressing the critical situation of today’s people in need.” Chitilian speaks five languages - Armenian, French, English, Arabic and Spanish. In addition to his experience in Canada, he has worked in Latin America, China, Scandinavia, Western Europe and the United States. “Heading Aurora is both a privilege and an immense responsibility,” said Arman Jilavian who has held the position since 2015. “I look forward to working with Harout to ensure that Aurora’s mission around the world continues to resonate with all those who are dedicated to doing our part by embracing our common humanity and giving back. This is our Gratitude in Action, and it’s an ongoing commitment. I will remain engaged with the work of RVVZ and IDeA Foundations and contribute in any way I can. We invite all those who share this commitment to join in Aurora’s work.”

Holocaust Remembrance Day and Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day commemorated in special programming on KCET in Southern California MassisPost -- In honouring the Remembrance Days for both the Holocaust and Armenian Genocide, KCET announced the following programs to commemorate these events that should never be forgotten. KCET broadcasted Trezoros: The Lost Jews of Kastoria on Wed., April 11 at 6:30 p.m. and will broadcast They Shall Not Perish: The Story of Near East Relief on Tues., April 24 at 11:00 p.m. 46  


Trezoros: The Lost Jews of Kastoria – Wed., April 11 at 6:30 p.m. PT Using never before seen archival footage and first-person testimonies, “Trezoros” chronicles the compelling and little-known history of Greece’s 2200 year old Jewish culture. Culminating in events during WWII that ultimately led to its destruction, this feature documentary takes us to a time and place now gone forever. With interviews filmed on location in Kastoria, Thessaloniki, Athens, Tzur Moshe, Tel Aviv, Miami, Los Angeles and New York, “Trezoros” (Ladino/Judeo-Spanish term of endearment meaning ‘Treasures’) is a poignant and powerful story that commemorates the Jews of Kastoria during Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah).

They Shall Not Perish: The Story of Near East Relief – Tues., April 24 at 11:00 p.m. PT At the outbreak of WWI, a group of selfless Americans rallied the nation to save a generation of orphans during the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and in the aftermath of the humanitarian crisis that came to be known as the Armenian Genocide. Motivated by nothing but a moral sense of duty, these men and women (among them industrialists, ambassadors, missionaries, teachers, nurses, admen and presidents) helped bring care and comfort to millions of suffering Armenian, Greek and Assyrian refugees in extremely harrowing environments. This is the story of Near East Relief.

Armenian Genocide animated short takes 1st prize at Global India film festival MassisPost -- An animated film created by the Union of Armenians of Ukraine and dedicated to the memory of the victims of the Armenian Genocide took the first prize at the Global India International Film Festival, The Siver Times reports. Titled “Thank you for a chance to grow again. Armenians,” the film was selected in the competition program of the festival in early March. The event itself took place on March 24‒25 in Pune, India. Among all the presented works, the video presented by the Union of Armenians of Ukraine was recognized as the best in its category to take the Best Ad Film Award. According to the press service of the Union of Armenians of Ukraine, the piece by authors Andranik Berberyan and Andrew Ludogoscha will be shown at the 71st Cannes Film Festival as part of the competition program. The animated film will be further presented in the Ukrainian pavilion at the Marché du Film, which is the business counterpart of the Cannes Film Festival and one of the largest film markets in the world. “Thank you for a chance to grow again. Armenians” is a 2D animation, built on the image of a garnet grain. The video was previously submitted to several other festivals, including the international animation festival KLIK in Amsterdam, Ukraine’s Molodiya festival, as well as the international festival ReAnimania in the Armenian capital of Yerevan, and was well-received everywhere.

Armenian Genocide Committee announces April 24 March for Justice in LA MassisPost -- The Armenian Genocide Committee (“AGC”), a broad-based, unified, coalition of the major ecclesiastical, political, social, youth, and cultural organizations of the Armenian community of Southern California, has announced that on April 24, 2018 beginning at 12 noon, the March for Justice will take place from Pan Pacific Park to the Turkish Consulate in Los Angeles. “We call on all segments of the community to join us as we commemorate the 103rd anniversary of the Armenian Genocide and as we continue to voice our collective demands for justice for this immense crime against humanity,” said AGC Chairman Karo Khanjian. 47  


Continuing an over four-decade tradition of bringing the demands of the Armenian community directly to the offices of the Turkish Consul General in Los Angeles, the AGC has been working diligently for the past year to plan the Rally for Justice which will take place immediately upon the conclusion of the March for Justice in front of the Turkish Consulate located at Wilshire Blvd. and Crescent Heights. “We are thrilled to announce that we have brought together prominent Federal and State officials, as well as cultural icons, to provide participants in the March and Rally for Justice with a deeply meaningful program which pays homage to our martyred Saints through artistic performances and moving and inspirational addresses,” said Mehran Khatchatourian, of the Public Relations sub-committee of the AGC. In 2015, which marked the Centennial Commemoration of the Armenian Genocide, over 166,000 Angelenos took part with the Armenian community in the March for Justice, making it one of the largest protest marches ever recorded in the history of the City of Los Angeles. At this year’s March for Justice, it is anticipated that tens of thousands will once again gather 103 years after the traumatic events as the Armenian community reasserts its demands for international recognition for the crime of genocide committed against the Armenian people. The March for Justice will also raise awareness that the Armenian Cause does not end with recognition, but, in addition, reparations and restitution under international law remain central to the struggle, as the Armenian people call for the right to return to their ancestral homeland. Armenian youth have played a vital role in the organization of the 2018 March for Justice bringing on the participation of numerous undergraduate and graduate university Armenian student associations and the student bodies of every Armenian private school and numerous public schools in the greater Los Angeles area. “The Armenian struggle is a movement we can call our own and only through us and our will may we shape our destiny. Together, let us prove that our united call for justice will not cease until our demands are met. The March for Justice is an integral part of this world-wide effort and we encourage everyone to join us on April 24 for this historic event,” concluded Van Der Megerdichian, of the youth coordination sub-committee of the AGC. Mihran Toumajan, member of the AGC committee, concluded by stating: “Be a part of history, join us on April 24, as the March for Justice once again leads a global effort to obtain recognition and secure legal remedies for the Armenian Genocide. We encourage everyone to join us on April 24.” For more information about the March for Justice, please visit www.march4justice.com.

Armenian Genocide Committee: Western Diocese of the Armenian Church of North America Western Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church Armenian Catholic Church of North America Armenian Evangelical Union of North America Armenian Revolutionary Federation Armenian Democratic Liberal Party Social Democrat Hunchakian Party Armenian General Benevolent Union – Western District Armenian Relief Society – Western USA Homenetmen Western U.S. Region Armenian Youth Federation All-Armenian Student Association Armenian Assembly of America Armenian National Committee of America – Western Region Armenian Council of America Armenian Bar Association Organization of Istanbul Armenians United Armenian Council of Los Angeles Committee for Armenian Students in Public Schools (CASPS) National Armenian Law Students Association Open Wounds

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US drops charges against Erdogan bodyguards over DC brawl MassisPost -- The US has dropped charges against 11 of the 15 bodyguards for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who were indicted after a brawl with protesters outside the country’s embassy in Washington last May, a spokesperson for the US Attorney in DC told CNN. Motions to dismiss the charges against seven of the security officers were filed on February 14 — just one day before President Donald Trump’s now former Secretary of State Rex Tillerson travelled to Ankara to meet with Erdogan. The two US citizens who were charged in the indictment, Sinan Narin and Eyup Yildirim, plead guilty to felony assault charges in December and are awaiting sentencing in DC Superior Court. Assault charges are still pending against four members of Erdogan’s security detail. The scuffle took place last May after roughly two dozen protesters gathered outside of the Turkish Embassy to protest Erdogan’s policies during his visit to Washington. Nine people were taken to local hospitals following the incident. The Turkish Embassy said that Erdogan’s bodyguards were acting in “self-defence” during the incident and accused the protesters of being affiliated with the terrorist group PKK. The clash was criticized by Washington, D.C. police and local officials who described it as a violent attack on peaceful demonstrators. Prosecutors in November requested a judge to drop the charges against four members of Erdogan’s security team, and the charges against seven others were dropped in February before then Secretary of State Rex Tillerson flew to Turkey to meet with Erdogan. U.S. officials told The Wall Street Journal that the prosecutors were not pressured to drop the charges saying that investigators had misidentified some suspects and did not have enough evidence against others.

Turkey’s Erdogan personally ordered protests in Germany against Armenian Genocide bill MassisPost -- A telephone conversation recorded by German police has revealed that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan may have personally ordered protests against an Armenian Genocide bill in Germany via one of his parliamentarians, German news magazine Der Spiegel said. The phone call reveals how Erdogan calls ruling Justice and Development Party’s lawmaker Metin Kulunk on June 1 (day before the adoption of the Bundestag resolution), who was in Berlin at that time and was engaged in organization of protests. Der Spiegel published the transcript of one of the phone calls recorded by the Police of the German state of Hessen which allows to suppose that Erdogan was personally heading the protests. The Hessen police record how Erdogan calls Kulunk on June 1, 2016 at 23:30. “How are you Mr. President?” Kulunk asked, and then reported about the protests against the resolution that was being debated in Berlin. “I wait for your orders,” the MP said. In response Erdogan said he will contact Kulunk later and wished him good night. Der Spiegel writes that at the moment investigation is underway to find out Kulunk’s links with Turkey’s secret services after the reports in 2017 according to which the MP provided funds to the Osmanen Germania Turkish-German nationalist group. According to the reports, the funds were used for purchasing ammunition against the Kurdish groups. The German Bundestag adopted the Armenian Genocide recognition resolution on June 2, 2016 which is entitled “Remembrance and commemoration of the genocide of Armenians and other Christian minorities in 1915 and 1916.” Only one MP voted against the adoption, and one abstained. Speakers were unanimously stressing the need of facing the past, also for contributing the reconciliation between Armenia and Turkey. Around 1,000 Turks joined protests outside Germany’s Bundestag against the bill. 49  


Turkish President Erdoğan recites Islamic prayer at the Hagia Sophia HURRIYET- DAILY NEWS -- President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan recited an Islamic prayer on March 31 in the Hagia Sophia, a historic Istanbul landmark that has become a symbol of interfaith and diplomatic tensions. Erdoğan called on guests attending the opening of a festival to join him in silently reciting the first verse of the Quran, dedicating the prayer to the “souls of all who left us this work as inheritance, especially Istanbul’s conqueror.” The Hagia Sophia was built during the 6th century Christian Byzantine Empire and served as the seat of the Greek Orthodox Church. It was converted into an imperial mosque with the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul in 1453. Turkey’s secular founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk made the structure a museum in 1935 but there have been calls in recent years to turn it back into a mosque. Thousands of Muslim Turks have prayed outside the Hagia Sophia over the years to demand that it be restored as a place of worship. In 2015, a cleric recited from the Quran inside the building, a UNESCO World Heritage site, for the first time in 85 years. The following year, Turkey’s religious authority began hosting and broadcasting religious readings during the holy month of Ramadan and the call to prayer was recited to mark the first revelation of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad. Speaking at the opening of the first Yeditepe Biennial, focusing on classical Turkish art, Erdoğan said on March 31 that it was “difficult and emotional” to be speaking at the Hagia Sophia, which he described as “magnificent and holy.” Greece has protested the Turkish government’s religious use of the venue, calling it last summer an “affront to the international community,” the Associated Press reported. The Turkish Foreign Ministry condemned the Greek statement, saying it distorted the events and arguing that Greece made it difficult for Muslims to practice their faith. Heather Nauert, a spokeswoman for the U.S. State Department at the time, said the venue had a “great significance to other faiths, many faiths” and called on Turkey to “preserve the Hagia Sophia in a way that respects its complex history.”

New report details Germany’s role in Armenian Genocide MassisPost -- Turkish forces mainly used German rifles and other weapons to carry out the 1915‒16 Genocide of the Armenian people, a new report has found, Deutsche Welle reports. Mauser, Germany’s main manufacturer of small arms in both World Wars, supplied the Ottoman Empire with millions of rifles and handguns, which were used in the Genocide with the active support of German officers. Historians have estimated that between 1 and 1.5 million Armenians were killed in the two-year Genocide. “German officers who served in TurkishOttoman military staff actively helped carry out individual murders,” the report by Global Net – Stop the Arms Trade (GN-STAT) said. “The majority of the aggressors were armed with Mauser rifles or carbines, the officers with Mauser pistols.” Many German officers witnessed and wrote about the massacres in letters to their families. 50  


The report represents the first “case” being researched and developed by Global Net, a new multilingual worldwide network of over 100 organizations, and a database for activists, whistleblowers, journalists, artists, and others interested in arms exports. The Turkish army was also equipped with hundreds of cannon produced by the Essen-based company Krupp, which were used in Turkey’s assault on Armenian resistance fighters holding out on the Musa Dagh mountain in 1915. In 2015, German President Joachim Gauck acknowledged Germany’s “co-responsibility” for the Armenian Genocide, while a book published in the same year by journalist Jürgen Gottschlich detailed the political collusion of Turkey’s most important European ally in the First World War, which provided military advice and training for the Ottoman Empire throughout the Wilhelmine period. But the new GN-STAT report is the first to detail the sheer extent of the material support provided by Mauser and Krupp. “Mauser really had a rifle monopoly for the Ottoman Empire,” said the report’s author Wolfgang Landgraeber, a filmmaker who has made several films about German weapons exports. Mauser is now defunct as a company, but Krupp’s successor, German steel giant ThyssenKrupp, has never publicly acknowledged the part it played in the Genocide. “The question of who actually supplied the weapons, not only for the Genocide but also for the First World War in Turkey, no one has really addressed that question before,” said Landgraeber. “And to what extent German officers took part in murders by actually picking up the rifles and firing them themselves — that wasn’t known before.” Many of the first-hand German accounts in the report come from letters by Major Graf Eberhard Wolffskehl, who was stationed in the southeastern Turkish city of Urfa in October 1915. Urfa was home to a substantial Armenian population, which had barricaded themselves inside houses against Turkish infantry. Wolffskehl was serving as chief-of-staff to Fahri Pasha, deputy commander of the fourth Turkish army, which had been called in as reinforcement. “They (the Armenians) had occupied the houses south of the church in numbers,” the German officer wrote to his wife. “When our artillery fire struck the houses and killed many people inside, the others tried to retreat into the church itself. But … they had to go around the church across the open church courtyard. Our infantry had already reached the houses to the left of the courtyard and shot down the people fleeing across the church courtyard in piles. All in all the infantry, which I used in the main attack … acquitted itself very well and advanced very dashingly.” While German companies provided the guns and German soldiers the expert advice on how to use them, German officers also laid what Landgraeber calls the “ideological foundations” for the Genocide. That the German Reich shared the Ottomans’ mistrust of the Armenians was no secret — both feared they were colluding with mutual enemy Russia, while Gottschlich’s book quotes navy attaché Hans Humann, a member of the German-Turkish officer corps and close friend of the Ottoman Empire’s minister of war, Enver Pasha, as saying, “The Armenians — because of their conspiracy with the Russians — will be more or less exterminated. That is hard, but useful.” Another figure the report focuses on is the Prussian Major General Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz, a key figure who became a vital military adviser to the Ottoman court in 1883, who saw himself as a lobbyist for the German arms industry and supported both Mauser and Krupp in their efforts to secure Turkish commissions. (He once boasted in his diary, “I can claim that without me the rearmament of the army with German models would not have happened.”) “Not publicly, but among his friends and relatives, von der Goltz would show himself an Armenia-phobe,” said Landgraeber. “Several witnesses heard him describing them as ‘a greasy trader people.’ He helped persuade the Sultan to try and end the Armenian Question once and for all.” Landgraeber also considers von der Goltz a source for later Nazi ideology. The Prussian officer published a military book in 1883 entitled “Das Volk in Waffen” (“The People Armed”), in which, as Landgraeber puts it, “he adopts positions that Hitler would take up later — for example, the aim of a military campaign should be to destroy the enemy totally, not just to fight and force a capitulation. He believed in total war. That was also the ideological foundation that he gave the Ottomans, and which they used in the Armenian issue.” Landgraeber is keen to underline that the new research does not absolve the Ottoman Empire of its guilt — but simply fills in the gaps in the historical record. “It happened as we have researched it, and nothing should be sugarcoated — but the entire picture should be more complete.” 51  


Turkey court issues arrest warrant for Istanbul Armenian journalist NEWS.am -- Within the framework of the lawsuit on charges of insulting the Turkish president, the Turkish court has issued an arrest warrant for Istanbul Armenian journalist Hayko Bağdat. The Turkish president had filed a lawsuit against Bağdat for the expressions he had used in an article in Taraf newspaper in 2015, reported the Turkish service of Ahval news agency. The Turkish court had petitioned to a Berlin court to summon Hayko Bağdat for an explanation in connection with the aforesaid lawsuit and to forward that explanation to them. The German court, however, had refused to call Bağdat for questioning. Subsequently, the Turkish court decided to issue an arrest warrant for him. Numerous lawsuits have been filed against Hayko Bağdat for his journalistic activities, and therefore he has moved from Turkey to Germany.

Screening of Armenian-Iranian director Anahit Abad’s ‘Yeva’ banned in Istanbul MassisPost -- The planned screening of Armenian-Iranian movie titled ‘Yeva’ in Istanbul was banned by Turkey’s Ministry of Interior on the request of Azerbaijan. Melek Özman from The International FilmMor Women’s Festival told Bianet that the Consulate of Azerbaijan first sent an official letter to French Cultural Centre, the venue of the Festival, and asked them to cancel the screening. Later, they applied to Turkish authorities. Eventually the Festival received a written order from the Turkish ministry banning the screening. Filmed by Armenian-Iranian director Anahit Abad, ‘Yeva’ tells the story of a woman who escapes her influential in-laws with her daughter Nareh, after her husband’s death and takes refuge in one of the villages of Karabakh, where she has to live in disguise. The film was submitted this year by the Armenian National Film Academy for best foreign-language film at the Academy Awards.

Turkey scholar: There is no Turkish race NEWS.am -- Turkish scholar İsmet Özel’s statement denying the existence of a Turkish race has again come to the agenda in Turkey. Speaking to Haber Türk news agency TV of Turkey, Özel had stated that there was no Turkish race. And to the follow-up question by the program host, he had responded as follows: “There has never been a Turkish race; it’s a synthesis.” This statement by İsmet Özel has once again caused a huge wave of protests in Turkey.

400-year-old Armenian church located in Turkey on verge of destruction NEWS.am -- The walls of the Armenian church St. Stepanos located in Turkey's Van province have been destroyed because of treasure hunters. Deep holes are dug inside the church, Akunq.net reported. Local resident Ebubukir Ciftcun, who once settled near the 400-year-old church, says that before 1970 it was in a good condition. He also stressed that, despite the destruction, the church continues to attract the attention of both local and foreign tourists. 52  


Armenian Turks and other roots stories By Raffi Bedrosyan Recently the Turkish government opened a website where Turkish citizens can look up their ancestral roots until mid-1850s. There are hundreds of stories in printed and social media that this caused disappointment and shock among several Turks who discovered that instead of coming from purely Turkish origins, they had Albanian, Arabic, Pontic Greek, and worst of all, Armenian roots. There are even reports that some members of an ultra nationalistic and racist Turkish party were ostracized, thrown out of the party, went into depression and even committed suicide upon finding Armenian family roots. Whether these stories are true or not, the subject of one’s roots is deadly and critical in Turkey. The late Hrant Dink was persecuted, prosecuted as ‘insulting Turkishness’ and eventually assassinated after revealing that Ataturk’s adopted daughter and first female military pilot in Turkey, Sabiha Gokcen, was in fact an Armenian girl orphaned during the 1915 Genocide. A former president of Turkey had sued an opposition member of parliament for ‘accusing and insulting’ him by stating that ‘he came from an Armenian family in Kayseri’. And yet, in a country where calling someone Armenian is the biggest insult, there are numerous documented and undocumented stories about prominent Turks having Armenian roots, including a past president, another former president’s wife, and several opposition politicians. In one of the documented stories, the family of a past opposition leader who is an ultra nationalistic Turk, is converted to Islam Turk from an Armenian family in the Black Sea region, whose Armenian descendents now live in Canada. When this official genealogy website was opened, I immediately wondered how our hidden Armenians’ roots were recorded. A quick survey revealed that absolutely none of them were recorded as Armenian. Their family history started only with their adopted Moslem Turkish names. Although there is past evidence that the government keeps detailed records of converted Armenians among Turks and Kurds, these records are not made public and are not revealed in this new website. Interestingly, it became evident that many Armenians killed, lost and deported during the 1915 Genocide are still shown as ‘ALIVE’ in the website. Many Armenian families who knew the tragic 1915 fate of their grandmothers or grandfathers, born all the way back in 1850’s, are now finding out that these people are still miraculously alive, according to the doctored records of the website. I wish to relate two interesting, and little known, stories of roots. An Armenian wealthy family lives in a village of Malatya in the 1880’s. The region is terrorized and harassed by Kurdish tribesmen who regularly raid the villages. Armenians have started organizing defence forces by banding together ‘fedayis’ to protect the Armenian villages. An Armenian fedayi leader approaches the head of this wealthy Armenian family and asks for money to buy weapons and horses. The wealthy Armenian states he will decide in two days whether to comply with this request or not. At the end of two days, the fedayi returns, the wealthy Armenian refuses to give any money, and the fedayi promptly shoots the man. The widow of the killed Armenian flees with her newborn son to Izmir, where she converts to Islam and raises the boy with complete hatred of Armenians. The boy grows up to be Ismet Inonu (1884‒1973), the second president of Turkey after Kemal Ataturk. He is perhaps the worst enemy of the Armenians and other minorities in Turkey, after the Ittihadist leaders. He brought a legislation called ‘Wealth Tax’ in 1942, ostensibly to help Turkey cope with the war economy, but with the real aim of ruining the minorities. The taxes were assessed based on ethnic origin, 5% from Turks, 156% from Greeks, 179% from Greeks and 232% from Armenians. The payment deadline was 15 days and anyone who couldn’t pay was arrested and sent to the eastern provinces to work as labourers in stone quarries, building roads or tunnels. This was in effect a wealth transfer from the minorities to the Turks. Many Armenians, after selling all their assets at dirt cheap prices, went bankrupt and still couldn’t raise the required amounts and ended up going to the labour camps and died there. In 1964, Inonu took further revenge on Greeks when he deported 45,000 Greeks with dual Greek and Turkish citizenship during the Cyprus crisis. These people were given ten days to leave behind all their properties, assets and belongings to leave the country with the allowed $20 and 20 Kg (45 lbs) of possessions within 10 days. The story of Ismet Inonu’s Armenian roots was corroborated by prominent historian Prof. Pars Tuglaci (Parsegh Tuglaciyan, 1933‒2016), a family friend of Inonu. Ali Kemal is a prominent liberal Ottoman journalist and editor of the Ikdam newspaper in the 1910’s. He is also a member of the opposition Liberal Union (Itilaf) party and severe critic of the ruling Ittihad Terakki party. He fiercely criticizes the ruling party for entering the war, and especially for committing ‘war crimes and massacres’ against its own Armenian citizens. His editorials and brilliant political speeches defending the Armenians are so vehement that the pro-Ittihadist media dub his name as ‘Artin Kemal’ (Artin is an Armenian name, short for Ha53  


rutyun). After the war, when Ottoman Turkey is defeated and the Ittihadist leaders flee, the Sultan appoints a new government and Artin Kemal even becomes Minister of Interior for a short while. Artin Kemal relentlessly demands prosecution and punishment of the Ittihadist leaders. While he continues his attacks on the Ittihad leaders and defends the Armenians’ rights, he decides to send his British wife and children to England for safety reasons. Unfortunately, the tide turns against Artin Kemal when the resistance started by Kemal Ataturk in Ankara gains power and sweeps the Sultan and the Istanbul government away. Artin Kemal gets caught in the barber shop of Tokatliyan Hotel in Istanbul. While he is being taken to Ankara for trial, one of Ataturk’s commanders, ‘Red’ Nureddin Pasha (dubbed red for his red beard as well as his bloody cruelty) orders his soldiers to lynch Artin Kemal who is torn apart limb by limb while still alive and Artin Kemal dies tragically in 1922. It seems this Nureddin specializes in lynchings because when his forces enter Izmir (Smyrna) in 1922, he does the same to the leading Greek bishop in the city, now named Saint Chrisostomos of Smyrna, only this time he orders the bishop’s eyes gouged before tearing him limb by limb. Back to Artin Kemal’s British wife and children in England, the family raises several prominent politicians. The latest? Former mayor of London, and the current Foreign Minister of Britain, Boris Johnson, who happens to be Artin Kemal’s great grandson. As a master diplomat, Boris Johnson tells Turkish President Erdogan that UK will do everything possible to get Turkey into the European Union, but at the same time, he advocates Brexit by arguing that if Turkey enters EU while Britain is part of EU, Britain would be flooded by Turkish immigrants. If it weren’t for the tragic roots stories, politics would be fun.

Turkey is most frequent violator of European Convention on Human Rights By Harut Sassounian Publisher, The California Courier

Veteran Turkish journalist Sedat Ergin wrote in Hurriyet newspaper that “Turkey is the champion of rights violations at the European Court of Human Rights” (ECHR). The European Court rules on cases when signatories of the European Convention on Human Rights violate its provisions. Even though Turkey joined the Court in 1986, 27 years after its founding, it had more violations than all other member countries between 1959 and 2016. The European Court had a total of 3,270 judgments on Turkey. Only in 73 cases, Turkey was found by the Court not to have made any violations. The remaining cases were settled in other ways. Since more than one article was violated in most cases, Turkey’s violations total 4,514. The 2016 Annual Report of the European Court of Human Rights indicated that: -- The highest number of Turkish violations (832) was in the area of “right to a fair trial.” -- The 2nd highest category (707 violations) was “the right to freedom and security.” This latter category means that “Turkish citizens are frequently arrested using unlawful methods and that those arrests can easily turn into sentences,” according to Ergin. -- The 3rd highest category of violations (653) is the “right to property protection,” which means that many Turkish citizens are deprived of ownership of their properties. -- The 4th highest category (586) is the violation of “length of proceedings.” -- “Lack of effective investigation” comes in 5th place with 412 violations. -- “Inhuman or degrading treatment” is in 6th place with 314 violations. -- In 7th place is the “right to an effective remedy” (268 violations). -- “Freedom of Expression” comes in 8th place (265 violations). -- In 9th place are 133 violations of the “right to life -- deprivation of life.” -- In 10th place are 100 violations of the “right to respect private and family life.” Regarding Azerbaijan, from 2002 to 2016, the European Court of Human Rights had 122 judgments, of which 118 were found to be violations of the European Convention on Human Rights, far fewer than Turkey, since Baku joined the ECHR much later, in 2002. The remaining 4 cases were settled in other ways. Since some cases had more than one violation, Azerbaijan had a total of 224 rights violations. -- The highest number of violations (44) was the “right to a fair trial.” -- The 2nd highest violation (34) was the “right to liberty and security.” -- The 3rd highest violation (30) was the “protection of property.” -- The 4th highest violation (21) was the “right to free elections.” 54  


-- “Lack of effective investigation” was the 5th highest violation (17). Armenia, on the other hand, which joined the European Convention on Human Rights at the same time as Azerbaijan (2002), had fewer violations. There were 75 judgments by the ECHR against Armenia between 2002 and 2016, of which 68 were violations. The remaining 7 cases were settled in other ways. Since some of cases had more than one violation, Armenia had a total of 119 violations. -- The highest number of violations (32) was the “right to a fair trial.” -- The 2nd highest number of violations (27) was the “right to liberty and security.” -- The 3rd highest number of violations (16) was the “protection of property.” Neighbouring Georgia had a slightly fewer violations than Armenia. It joined the European Convention on Human Rights in 1999. Between 1999 and 2016 the ECHR had 68 judgments on Georgia, of which 52 were violations. The remaining 16 cases were settled in other ways. Since some of the cases had more than one violation, Georgia had a total of 99 violations. -- The highest number of violations (20) was the “right to liberty and security.” -- The 2nd highest number of violations (17) was “inhuman or degrading treatment.” -- There was a tie for the 3rd highest violation (12 each) for “lack of effective investigation” and “right to a fair trial.” In addition to the above-mentioned violations, Turkey and Azerbaijan have much more serious problems with the ECHR. Turkey decided to suspend the European Convention on Human Rights following the attempted coup of July 2016. However, some parts of the Convention cannot be suspended, such as the right to life, and the ban on torture and the inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment. Azerbaijan faces another serious problem with the ECHR which had ruled that prominent Azeri opposition politician Ilgar Mammadov should be released from jail. Azerbaijan has refused to comply with ECHR’s decision since 2014. The Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe have adopted several resolutions urging Azerbaijan to release Mammadov. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe has initiated an unprecedented judicial review of Azerbaijan’s lack of compliance with the ECHR ruling. Further non-compliance by Azerbaijan could result in its expulsion from the Council of Europe!

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Loussapatz 14 04 2018  
Loussapatz 14 04 2018  

2nd. Anniversary of Four-Days April War of Nagorno-Karabakh

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