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37-ՐԴ ՏԱՐԻ, ԹԻՒ 1131

ՇԱԲԱԹ, 13 ՀՈԿՏԵՄԲԵՐ 2018

äºî²Î²Ü ´²ðÒð زβð¸²ÎÆ ²ð²ðàÔàôº²Ø´ª üð²Üê² ºô вڲêî²Ü ÚàôÔ²ðβôàðºòÆÜ Þ²ðÈ ²¼Ü²ôàôðÀ CHARLES AZNAVOUR, ‘HERO’ OF TWO COUNTRIES, HAILED BY PRESIDENT MACRON & PRIME MINISTER PASHINYAN AT FAREWELL CEREMONY 1  


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Aznavour, ‘Hero’ of two countries, hailed by Macron, Pashinyan at farewell ceremony RFE/RL -- French President Emmanuel Macron and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan have led a moving memorial service for Charles Aznavour in the famed Armenian-French singer-songwriter’s native Paris. Aznavour, who died on October 1 at the age of 94, was commemorated in the courtyard of Les Invalides, a complex of buildings and monuments related to French military history. The ceremony at Les Invalides began with Aznavour’s coffin, draped in the French tricolour flag, being carried into the cobbled courtyard while to the sound of haunting music played from a duduk, a traditional Armenian flute. An army band then played the national anthems of Armenia and France. “Some heroes become French by spilling their blood. This son of Greek and Armenian immigrants, who never went to secondary school, knew instinctively that our most sacred sanctuary was the French language,” and used it like a poet, Macron said at the ceremony “In France, poets never die,” he added, standing before the coffin draped in the French national flag. The French president also praised Aznavour’s “loyalty to his roots.” “Armenians of all countries, today I am thinking of you,” he said. “He was supposed to be one of us next week in Yerevan, his absence will leave a giant void.” Macron said the singer had shown “loyalty to his roots” by throwing himself into helping Armenia recover from a devastating earthquake in 1988 and becoming an ambassador for the country to the United Nations. “Aznavour carried the scar of the genocide of his people in his heart and for that reason knew suffering”, Macron said, adding that “for millions his songs were a balm, a comfort and a cure.” Pashinyan, who had called the singer a “national hero,” said “every Armenian thinks of him as a kind of parent who has carried our name to the world and given Armenians a new pride.” “A free and happy Armenia will be our response to the work you did for the Armenian people,” said Pashinyan, who came to power after leading protests against the long-entrenched leadership of the former Soviet republic. “I bow before you — a great Frenchman, a great Armenian, a great artist, and a great humanist,” he said. “Rest in peace, dear master.” After a moment of silence, Aznavour’s coffin was carried out of the Invalides to the strain of one of his most famous songs, Emmenez-moi (Carry Me Away). Aznavour was buried in a private ceremony on October 6 in accordance with his family’s wishes. 37  


Armenia Hosts Francophone Summit MassisPost -- The Francophonie summit of the world community of Frenchspeaking countries kicked off on Thursday in Yerevan, with France’s President Emmanuel Macron, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the leaders of three dozen other French-speaking nations attending. The two-day summit was also attended by government delegations from over 40 other states, is the largest international forum ever held in Yerevan. It highlights what the Armenian government has described as Armenia’s “privileged relationship” with France. “I and all Armenian people are happy to host in Yerevan the 17th summit of the heads of Francophone states and governments. Welcome to Armenia!” Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said in his opening speech, delivered in French. “Armenia is a young member of the Francophonie … and yet there is no need to prove its commitment to promoting cultural and linguistic diversity and fundamental values of the French language and the Francophonie,” he said. “Those values include respect for democracy and human rights,” added the Armenian leader. French President Macron also addressed the summit, describing the Francophonie nations as a global and diverse “family” that can contribute to international peace which he said is under growing threat. “We do not have the same skin colour, our gods do not bear the same names and some of us do not believe in God,” he said. “We also live in very different climate zones and our songs are not similar. Our histories do not originate from the same sources and there have been many wounds between us which are only now starting to heal.” “Yet strangely enough, this diverse family is united around a single language … That language does not belong to anyone, it belongs to all of us,” declared Macron. “The Francophonie Organization is an arena where states can listen to each other, and the country is a full member of the arena – be it a 99 million or 9 million population country,” Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said in his remarks. “Together we were able to create a dimension where we are guided with mutual respect, where our states can develop, listen to each other, and all this in French language,” he said. “We must unite not only around our speeches, but also the future which we want to build. This summit is taking place at a very important time. We are obliged to reconsider our Living Together slogan, because we can overcome challenges only in the dimension of the Living Together slogan,” he said. Secretary General of the International Organization of La Francophonie Michaelle Jean said Armenia and the Armenian soil can become the symbol of youth and hope. “The Armenian land, the land of hope and memory, can become the symbol of youth and hope, the fulfilment of which depends on you,” Jean said in her remarks. She said that her thoughts are with the victims of the Armenian Genocide, as well as the survivors. “Armenia is alive and rich today. Armenia is rich with its diaspora, which is spread all over the world. Charles Aznavour was also an Armenian like that. Today, the Francophone world from five continents of the world is in Armenia. It is a great joy for us to be hosted here. Everything on the Armenian land binds us to commemorate, at the same time everything binds us to be sober,” she said. Created in 1970, the Francophonie brings together 85 states and governments, many of them in Africa, representing 274 million French speakers, according to the organization. Its primary mission is to promote the French language as an international language, as well as cultural and linguistic diversity in the world. As many as 38 countries are represented by their president or prime minister at the Yerevan summit. Armenia joined the organization in 2004. France is home to an estimated 500,000 ethnic Armenians, and sizable Armenian communities also live in Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, and other Francophone countries. Armenia and Moldova are the only former Soviet republics among the Francophonie’s 54 full members. The three Baltic states, Georgia and Ukraine have an observer status in the organization. 38  


La Francophonie summit salutes Charles Aznavour ARMENPRESS -- Delegates of the XVII summit of the International Organization of La Francophonie applauded and saluted the eternal presence of Charles Aznavour. In opening remarks, PM Nikol Pashinyan said that he wants to express the endless pain which he feels when thinking about Aznavour. “Such a valuable person, who left us on October 1. This great person, the ambassador of French language was 100% French, and at the same time 100% Armenian. As he himself used to say, he would like to be next to us longer, to express his dedication to his beloved two countries, France and Armenia, also to mark the Francophonie celebration, to which he served his all life. His masterpieces of French chanson, which have already accompanied many generations and will continue to accompany many more, will remain in our memories for long time. We grieve because we love. He, being a vigorous defender of Armenia, the ambassador of our country in international organizations, has kept Armenia’s name high. We will eternally be grateful to him. He left us, but is present in our thoughts. Instead of holding a moment of silence to honour his memory, I am asking to celebrate his memory by warmly applauding Charles Aznavour’s eternal presence,” Pashinyan said.

French President Emmanuel Macron honours Armenian Genocide victims at Yerevan memorial ARMENPRESS -- French President Emmanuel Macron visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial in Yerevan to pay tribute to the Armenian Genocide victims. Macron visited the memorial on the sidelines of his visit to Armenia for the XVII summit of La Francophonie. The French president was accompanied by Armenian FM Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, Ambassador of France Jonathan Lacote and minister of education and science Arayik Harutyunyan.

Armenia is a fantastic example of peaceful transition of power – UN Secretary General MassisPost -- UN Secretary General António Guterres has said Armenia is a fantastic example of peaceful transition of power. “We are seeing authoritarianism on the rise, and it’s important to strengthen civil society, it’s important that people, and namely young people are able to come together and to show that democracy, freedom and human rights are extremely important for our society,” the Secretary general said during a Q&A session on Facebook. “Just recently we had a fantastic example of peaceful transition in Armenia that was led by youth. There was a peaceful transition of power led by youth movement. And this is a fantastic example to show that there are reasons to hope that the new generation will do better than our generation,” António Guterres said. 39  


Karabakh must not be a part of Azerbaijan, Armenia’s PM tells UN General Assembly MassisPost -- Karabakh must not be a part of Azerbaijan, unless one wants to trigger a new genocide of Armenian people, Armenia’s Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan says. Addressing the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly in New York, PM Pashinyan said “the peaceful resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict continues to prevail on our foreign policy agenda.” “The status and security of the Republic of Artsakh is an absolute priority of the Republic of Armenia in the negotiation process,” he added. According to the Prime Minister, “any attempt to resolve the conflict through military means represents a direct threat to the regional security, democracy and human rights.” “Armenia will continue its constructive engagement in the peaceful resolution of the conflict within the format of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs, which has the only internationally recognized mandate to deal with the conflict,” Pashinyan stated. Azerbaijan should change its behaviour of disrespect towards the negotiations and abandon “the idea of any military solution and implement all the previous agreements. Furthermore, if Azerbaijan is truly committed to the peace process it should start talking to the main subject of this conflict – Nagorno-Karabakh,” he added. “Azerbaijan declares on every occasion that Karabakh should be a part of its territory. At the same time it announces that it will not negotiate with Nagorno-Karabakh. The question is how Azerbaijan can make a claim over Nagorno-Karabakh without even speaking to NK? Is that possible? This is possible only if Azerbaijani government wants the territory and not the people,” PM Pashinyan said. “Thus, it becomes obvious that the intention of Azerbaijani leadership is to cleanse Armenians from Karabakh, like they did in Nakhijevan. This entitles Nagorno-Karabakh to make the argument, that to be a part of Azerbaijan for Karabakh means to be totally exterminated. Hence Karabakh must not be a part of Azerbaijan, unless one wants to trigger a new genocide of Armenian people,” Nikol Pashinyan stressed. He reiterated that “the conflict can and should be settled only through mutual compromises by all sides, in an atmosphere conducive to peace and not war.”

PM Pashinyan’s bloc’s landslide victory in Yerevan municipal elections RFE/RL -- Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan’s bloc scored a landslide victory in municipal elections held in Yerevan on Sunday, September 23. The Central Election Commission (CEC) said early on Monday that the My Step bloc garnered over 80 percent of the vote, more than enough to install its top candidate, Hayk Marutyan, as mayor of the Armenian capital. Businessman Gagik Tsarukyan’s Prosperous Armenia Party (BHK) came in a distant second with 7 percent, followed by the Luys alliance, which got 5 percent. The nine other election contenders fared much worse, according to the election results. Under Armenian law, alliances need to win at least 8 percent of the vote in order to be represented in the city council empowered to elect the mayor. But the law also stipulates that at least three political groups must be represented in the council, meaning that Luys will also hold seats there. Luys’s mayoral candidate, Artak Zeynalyan, was quick to visit the My Step headquarters in Yerevan and congratulate Pashinyan’s bloc on its convincing victory. 40  


Pashinyan actively participated in the local election campaign, portraying the vote as a referendum on his political future. He said that he needs a “strong mandate” to push for the holding of snap parliamentary elections in Armenia in the coming months. Citing the election outcome, a close Pashinyan associate, First Deputy Prime Minister Ararat Mirzoyan, said that the premier has received such a mandate. Mirzoyan declined to speculate about possible election dates. The CEC put voter turnout at about 43.7 percent, up from almost 41 percent that was recorded by it in the previous municipal elections that were held in May 2017 and controversially won by the then ruling Republican Party of Armenia (HHK). The HHK, which lost power in May 2018 after weeks of mass protests, chose not to join the latest mayoral race in the Armenian capital. Pashinian twice called for a high turnout during Sunday’s voting. “I hope that my fellow citizens today will very actively participate in the vote and won’t stay at home because there is no doubt that you are the ones who will decide [the election outcome,]” he said in a live video address aired through Facebook in the morning. Pashinyan made the same appeal late in the same afternoon amid signs that Yerevan voters are not turning out in large numbers. He suggested that the turnout is relatively low because voters are no longer bribed and bused to polling stations by any party. Pashinyan also sounded satisfied with the authorities’ conduct of the elections, saying he hopes they will be “exemplary.” The vote was also marked by an unusually small number of irregularities or violent incidents reported by election contenders, local monitors and media. The HHK was accused of vote rigging and buying throughout its leader Serzh Sargsyan’s decade-long rule. Armenia’s Investigative Committee said law-enforcement authorities received 25 complaints about alleged violations such as attempts at multiple voting. It pledged to investigate all of them.

‘Counterrevolutionary’ bill sparks protests in Armenia RFE/RL -- Responding to an appeal from Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, thousands of people began gathering in Yerevan late on Tuesday, Oct. 2, after the Armenian parliament hastily passed a bill that could seriously complicate his plans to force snap general elections. Deputies representing not only Serzh Sargsyan’s Republican Party (HHK) but also the Prosperous Armenia (BHK) and Dashnaktsutyun parties backed the bill despite Pashinyan’s warnings not to “again create a revolutionary situation in the country.” “Those forces that participated in the drafting of that bill and were going to vote for it are exposing themselves as counterrevolutionary forces,” Pashinyan said after meeting with the HHK’s parliamentary leaders. “All those who will vote for or back this bill will declare a political war against the people.” Pashinyan urged supporters to rally outside the parliament building when the parliament majority ignored the warning. They were quick to gather there and block the entrances to the National Assembly. The premier addressed the crowd later in the evening. Eduard Sharmazanov, the HHK spokesman and a deputy parliament speaker, insisted that the bill is not aimed at preventing the conduct of snap parliamentary elections. He said it is only meant to protect lawmakers against outside “pressures.” “The National Assembly is an independent body and its members are free to vote in accordance with their conscience,” Sharmazanov told reporters. He accused Pashinyan of interfering in the work of the legislature. Under the Armenian constitution, fresh polls can be held only if the prime minister resigns and the parliament fails to replace him or her within two weeks. Some observers suggested earlier that in case of Pashinyan’s tactical resignation his supporters will blockade the parliament to prevent it from electing another premier during the two-week period. The controversial bill effectively extended that period indefinitely. 41  


Pashinyan dismisses ARF and Prosperous Armenia Party ministers and governors, calls for snap parliamentary elections MassisPost -- December 2018 will be the time of early parliamentary elections in Armenia, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said October 2. Speaking to reporters at the National Assembly, the premier also reiterated his cabinet’s strong commitment to assist in the conduct of a free and democratic voting. “A direct democratic government has now been established in Armenia. If it turns out that I am not the people’s representative in the status of Prime Minister, then no elections will take place. But if I turn out to be one, elections will be conducted,” Pashinyan stated. Pashinyan added that he also met with President of the National Assembly Ara Babloyan earlier the day to discuss the change to the Law on the Regulations of the National Assembly, proposed by the Republican Party of Armenia. The adopted change says if a parliament session cannot be held because of the lack of quorum or if there is quorum, but an obstacle is created for the participation of lawmakers, the session should be suspended and resumed after the impeding circumstances are eliminated. In comments on the proposed change Pashinyan said that all those who support it are counter-revolutionaries. “If previously there were doubts about whether there is counter-revolution in Armenia or not, now I say officially that yes, there is counter-revolution that consists of all individuals and political forces that backed the change.” Pashinyan also tasked his administration to prepare a decision on dismissing ministers and governors representing the ARF and the Prosperous Armenia Party. “Today we have to speak about the new political situation in Armenia and its solution. Yesterday and today a shameful bill was hastily introduced by the MPs representing the RPA, Tsarukyan Block and ARF the aim of which is very clear ‒ carry out counter-revolution in Armenia by blocking the opportunities of holding early parliamentary elections. And yes, the adoption of this bill is a conspiracy against the highest power of Armenia – the people of Armenia,” Pashinyan said.

Social Democrat Hunchakian Party announcement The Social Democrat Hunchakian Party considers the only way out of the unstable and unpredictable situation in the country is snap parliamentary elections, hence the SDHP expresses its full agreement and support to the idea of extraordinary parliamentary elections initiated by the Prime Minister. At the same time, we urge political forces not to impede the natural course of change in the country and create an explosive atmosphere of intolerance which will lead to unpredictable consequences. The SDHP has great hope that the existing political crisis will be solved through mutual respect, as well as meeting the logical demand of the majority of Republic of Armenia citizens and conduct early parliamentary election. SDHP Armenia

Pashinyan and Tsarukyan sign memorandum on holding early parliamentary elections in December MassisPost -- Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan and President of Prosperous Armenia Party Gagik Tsarukyan have signed a memorandum on holding early parliamentary elections in December, after two hours oneon-one meeting in Yerevan. “A while ago I and President of Prosperous Armenia Party Gagik Tsarukyan signed a memorandum on holding early parliamentary elections in December”, Nikol Pashinyan wrote on his Facebook page. PM Pashinyan stated that Armenia is in an extraordinary political situation and it’s the obligation of the political forces to try to overcome the existing situation through negotiations. “Mr. Tsarukyan, I want to emphasize that your interview gave such an opportunity. The content of the interview showed that we have something to discuss, at least some of our visions coincide. In fact, you supported the idea of holding early parliamentary elections in December. The goal of today’s meeting is to discuss that situation. I 42  


would like to listen to your vision on how to reach the implementation of that goal. I would also like to share my visions with you,” Pashinyan said during the meeting. Thanking for the reception, Gagik Tsarukyan noted that the Prosperous Armenia Party was a supporter of the revolution from the beginning of the movement. “As a partner I am ready to stand with you for the development of the economy and prosperity of the country,” Tsarukyan said, adding that no one could imagine that Serzh Sargsyan would resign. Pashinyan emphasized that the history of their partnership has been public, and hoped that it will be public in the future as well. “Unfortunately, there were and still there are forces that continue to assess the situation in a non-sober way and spare no efforts to escalate the domestic political situation. But I have to say that the government enjoys the support of 90% of the people and in this sense the situation cannot become tense,” Pashinyan said, adding that partnership should become the main political culture. Gagik Tsarukyan told his Kentron TV channel in an interview aired early on Oct. 5, that his Prosperous Armenia Party is ready, in principle, to back Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan’s efforts to force snap parliamentary elections in December. “If the people want the pre-term parliamentary elections to be held in December, then so do we,” Tsarukyan had said. On Oct. 2, the BHK helped former President Serzh Sargsyan’s Republican Party (HHK) to push through a bill that could make it harder for Pashinyan to ensure the dissolution of the current Armenian parliament in the coming weeks. The premier reacted furiously to the development, accusing the BHK and as well another coalition partner, Dashnaktsutyun, of involvement in a “counterrevolutionary” conspiracy. He also scrapped his power-sharing agreements with the two parties reached in May. Speaking to Kentron, Tsarukyan also insisted that his party is not engaged in any “counterrevolutionary” activity. “The prime minister should look for counterrevolutionary individuals within his own team,” he said without elaborating. In that context, the tycoon flatly denied any cooperation with Serzh Sargsyan or another former president, Robert Kocharyan.

President Sargsyan initiates consultations with parliamentary factions on early election issue ARMENPRESS -- President Armen Sargsyan has initiated consultations with parliamentary factions to discuss the existing situation in the country, the president’s office said. The president held a meeting with Republican (HHK) faction leader Vahram Baghdasaryan. Sargsyan commended the negotiations path adopted by the political forces recently and attached importance to the atmosphere of tolerance and solidarity in the country. The president once again stressed that the existing problems can be and should be solved through dialogue, within the framework of the Constitution and laws – being guided by national and state interests. Baghdasaryan reiterated the HHK statement, whereby it said that it doesn’t indent and didn’t intend to nominate a candidate for prime minister, at the same time by not accepting the arguments on the need to hold the snap elections in December of this year. At the same time, he said that the political forces should have proper time to prepare for elections. 43  


PM Pashinyan to resign ‘by October 16’ RFE/RL -- Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said on Wednesday that he is planning to tender his resignation by October 16 to ensure that snap parliamentary elections are held in Armenia in early December. Under the Armenian constitution, the current parliament will be dissolved if it fails to elect another prime minister within two weeks after Pashinyan’s resignation. None of the parliamentary factions is expected to try to replace him by another premier. “I can say tentatively that the elections will take place approximately on December 9 or 10, plus or minus several days, Pashinyan told the France24 TV channel in an interview. “To this end, I have to tender my resignation by October 16,” he said. The constitution allows Pashinyan to continue to perform his prime-ministerial duties at least until the inaugural session of the new parliament. The 43-year-old premier, who controls only a handful of seats in the current National Assembly, stepped up his push for the early elections after his alliance won more than 80 percent of the vote in the September 23 municipal elections in Yerevan. Observers believe that his political team will gain a comfortable majority in the new parliament as well.

US government funded poll: Armenians optimistic about future, new government MassisPost -- A new national poll conducted in Armenia by the International Republican Institute’s (IRI) Center for Insights in Survey Research reveals widespread optimism about the country’s future and Prime Minister Pashinyan’s government. “The optimism reflected in this poll presents the new government with an unprecedented opportunity to spearhead necessary reforms and strengthen Armenia’s democracy,” said Stephen Nix, IRI Regional Director for Eurasia. “If the government does not act in a timely manner, it risks losing this momentum for positive change.” A combined 82 percent view the new government “very positively” (39 percent) or “somewhat positively” (43 percent). Sixty-three percent would like to see political reforms undertaken quickly, compared to 34 percent who prefer a “more gradual than not” (24 percent) or “definitely gradual” (10 percent) transformation. A clear majority of respondents (73 percent) believe Armenia is going in the right direction, and a combined 81 percent think the future will “definitely be better” (37 percent) or “hope that the future will be somewhat better” (44 percent). The poll also reflects strong approval ratings for anti-corruption efforts. Eighty-one percent believe that the corruption problem has improved, compared to 15 percent who say it has remained the same and two percent who think it has deteriorated. Citizens in the capital are more likely to be aware of the government’s anti-corruption efforts (72 percent) than those in other urban areas (40 percent) and rural areas (45 percent). Methodology This survey was conducted on behalf of the Center for Insights in Survey Research by Dr. Rasa Alisauskiene from Baltic Surveys/The Gallup Organization. The fieldwork was carried out by the Armenian Sociological Association. Data was collected between July 23 and August 15, 2018 through face-to-face interviews. The sample consisted of 1,200 permanent residents of Armenia, aged 18 and older and eligible to vote. It is representative of the general population by age, gender, region and size/type settlement. The survey was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development. 44  


President Armen Sargsyan receives EastWest Institute’s John Edwin Mroz Global Statesman Award MassisPost -- On October 3, in New York took place the Annual Awards Gala ceremony of the EastWest Institute which was attended by famous state, public, and political figures, ambassadors, entrepreneurs, renowned members of the Armenian-American community. This reputable international institution bestows its annual awards on the individuals who have been singled out for their exceptional leadership, innovative spirit and ability to be game changers. Among the awardees of the EastWest Institute are the 41st President of the United States George Bush, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair, former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, former President of the Czech Republic Vaclav Havel, former President of Finland, winner of the Noble Peace Prize for year 2008 Martti Ahtisaari, and others. This year, the John Edwin Mroz Global Statesman Award, which is named in the honour of a Co-Founder of the Institute, American diplomat John Mroz, was bestowed upon the President of Armenia Armen Sargsyan. At the official award ceremony, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the EastWest Institute Ross Perot in his welcoming remarks said: “We are honoured to hand the John Edwin Mroz Global Statesman Award to the representative of Armenia, His Excellency Armen Sargsyan for his long-lasting career and achievements in statesmanship as well for considerable contribution to global development. The selection of the President of the Republic of Armenia has come to augment his vast experience in the areas of physics, private sector, and state administration. In the times when Armenia is going through the period of great changes, Sargsyan was entrusted with ensuring stability and creation of a new vision for his country which, we are confident, he will lead towards a more democratic and prosperous future. The EastWest Institute is committed to the development of innovative and creative solutions to solve current problems and get ready for the future challenges. Individuals like Sargsyan make our efforts possible.” The President of Armenia expressed his thanks for the award and noted in his speech that the award is very important for him while the EastWest Institute is not just a think tank among many in the world but a special institution. According to the President, when there is an idea, an important one, the Institute participates in its implementation. “You have this great energy of thinking about something, believing in something and going to implement and trying to make that small but very important change.” “It’s a great honour for me to represent my nation and my state here. I really have a dream or a vision for the future and that dream or vision includes also the fact or the reality that we are facing. i.e. where this world is moving to,” President Sargsyan noted. “If the 20th century was the century of natural resources and based on that the age of other political forces, the 21st century is going to be different. The 21st century is the century of research, development, new technologies. The 21st century is the century when things will be done and ruled by new ideas, by new research conducted by those who are quick, by those who are young and energetic regardless of how old they are. That will be the 21st century. The politics will be done differently. “Jean-Jacques Rousseau said that ‘It is solely on the basis of common interest that every society should be.’ Freedom and the right to live are not only absolute and indisputable values but represent that very common interest which should bring together everyone’s interest. “And I do truly believe that the 21st century is Armenia’s century. That’s why I think we will be victorious. I am happy to be part of the Armenian nation. We are a small state but a global nation. There are not many nations of that sort. But I do believe that small states but global nations that have the global connectivity can get together and 45  


build their own country. That’s the future, and I do believe that the institutions like the EastWest Institute are going to be among the leaders of the 21st century. “Thank you again for this wonderful prize. It will remind me that I have still a lot to do. It will remind me about the wonderful people that I have had a chance of meeting in my life at the EastWest Institute. It will always remind me about the wonderful man whose name was John Mroz, and it will always remind me that there is much to do in our world. And I have also a duty to serve my nation and my county – a country that in the 21st century will be one of the world leaders.”

United States announces assistance increase for Armenia MassisPost -- U.S. Ambassador to Armenia Richard M. Mills, Jr., has announced an increase in U.S. assistance funding for Armenia. The United States recently provided more than $14 million in additional foreign assistance resources for initiatives in Armenia following the political transition, and in the coming year the U.S. government intends to provide more than $26 million in FY 2018 foreign assistance funds, an increase of approximately $20 million above what had been requested for Armenia, US Embassy in Armenia reports. These funds will support priority programs in the political processes, anti-corruption, civil society, and independent media sectors. Funds will also advance the Administration’s foreign policy priorities to increase business and trade opportunities for American and Armenian companies including by supporting energy reforms as well as Armenia’s fast-growing information technology industry. U.S. assistance to Armenia supports many areas of bilateral cooperation, including governance, transparency and accountability, political inclusion, legislative strengthening, and local governance reforms. To support Armenia’s political transition, programs will help rebuild multiparty political systems and support free and fair elections. Assistance will also strengthen civil society and improve access to independent media. In the economic growth area, programs will seek to generate sustained and broad-based economic growth by supporting sectors that have high growth potential, enhancing workforce skills, and facilitating innovation. Assistance will also support energy market liberalization reforms and promote cross-border trade and integration.

Board of Trustees approves Haykak Arshamyan’s candidacy for Executive Director of Hayastan All Armenian Fund Armenpress.am -- The Board of Trustees of Hayastan All Armenian Fund has approved Haykak Arshamyan’s candidacy for the post of Executive Director of the Fund for a 3-year term. As ARMENPRESS was informed from Hayastan All Armenian Fund, the deadline for submitting applications for the post had terminated on August 31. 42 applications had been submitted from 7 countries (Armenia, Russia, United States, Great Britain, France, Switzerland, and Lebanon). Following interviews with 12 of the applicants, the Selection Committee, which included the representatives of the Presidents of Armenia, Artsakh, and Prime Minister of Armenia, member of the Board of Trustees of the Fund Albert Poghosyan, and acting Executive Director of the Fund Bedros Terzian, chose Mr. Arshamyan during September 10 session and whose candidacy was submitted for the approval of the Board of Trustees. Previously Arshamyan has worked at Yerevan Press Club and the Regional Studies Centre as program coordinator. He has worked also at Transparency International Armenia, and in July Arshamyan was appointed adviser to the prime minister of Armenia. 46  


Harutyun Marutyan elected new director of Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute NEWS.am -- The Armenian Genocide Museum-Intitute Board of Trustees has elected Harutyun Marutyan as a new director of the museum through secret ballot on Friday, September 14. Four candidates were nominated: of those Hayk Demoyan received 2 votes and Harutyun Marutyan received 11. The other two candidates – Armen Asryan and Stepan Stepanyants – received no votes. A few months ago a conflict has occurred between the former director of the museum Hayk Demoyan and the minister of education of Armenia Arayik Harutyunyan.

Pashinyan: TUMO centres will open in Paris, Moscow, Beirut, Tirana and Berlin NEWS.am -- TUMO centres will open in Paris, Moscow, Beirut, Tirana and Berlin, Armenian PM Nikol Pashinyan announced at Paris City Hall. Pashinyan and Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo issued statements. According to the Armenian Prime Minister, the revolution in Armenia and the opening of TUMO centres in a number of countries show the key content of new Armenia. “We are a country that wants and is able to be an important and effective participant of the progress of the mankind and the civilization. We are a country that can contribute to the making people’s lives more free, tolerant and happy. We will walk in this direction,” the Armenian PM emphasized. In his speech Nikol Pashinyan recalled the days of the revolution at Yerevan’s French Square, and noted that the sculpture of Rodin raised there is a real piece of art for him. “There was a symbol in that. Every time giving a speech at the French Square, next to Rodin’s sculpture, I recalled all the stories linked with all the revolutions of the world,” Pashinyan said. “Recalling the French revolution and all the other revolutions I defined clearly the task for us – to lead a revolution that will rule out people’s suffering and we clearly defined our task. Our revolution was to be a revolution ruling out suffering, winners or losers, but a revolution of love and solidarity,” Pashinyan said.

TUMO centre opens in Paris NEWS.am -- TUMO’s first international centre, TUMO Paris, opened its doors in front of students on September 25. Half of the 1500 students of TUMO Paris will start their studies this year, while the other half will start from January 2019. “We got to know Armenia as a country with traditions in science, technologies and education. With the help of TUMO we provide the youth of Paris with all the tools necessary for shaping the future world,” noted Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo. The education at TUMO is free of charge. The syllabus has been translated into French. Nearly 1/3 of the students are from families with low income. The official opening ceremony will take place on October 15. 47  


Turkish boy released from Armenian jail says wants to continue education in Yerevan Armradio -- Umut Ali Özmen, the 16-year-old Turkish boy, who has been released from jail two months after he crossed the Armenian border, says “Armenia is a wonderful country, very beautiful and very clean.” Speaking exclusively to Public Radio of Armenia, Umut said people here are very hospitable. The boy, who is rather well-educated, crossed the Armenian border out of curiously. Having seen Armenia from the other side of the border he had always been curious to see what was on the other bank of the river. When grazing sheep he crossed the river and tried to step closer to see Armenia from the height of a hill. There he was spotted by border guards and was subsequently detained and handed over to law-enforcement bodies. The teenager was released from jail on Sept. 25. He expected to get a document that will allow him to leave the country legally. Because of absence of diplomatic relations between Armenia and Turkey, Georgia was acting as mediator in the process. Umut and his father, who has also been in Armenia for a couple of days, had to visit the Turkish Embassy in Tbilisi, and in a couple of days return home. After having spent a while in Armenia, Umut’s father said that he would like his son to get medical education in Yerevan. The boy said that he was leaving Armenia with warm feelings. He has even learnt some Armenian words and made friends during the two-month stay in Armenia. Umut and his father said that they would like to see the Armenian-Turkish border open and pledged to return to Armenia one day as tourists.

Pope Francis sends letter to Armenian Mekhitarist Congregation NEWS.am -- Pope Francis on Sunday, Sept. 16, praised the Armenian Mekhitarist Congregation for their tradition of theological humanism and prophetic ecumenical openness and urged them to continue to provide precious witnesses. In a letter addressed to Archbishop Boghos Levon Zekiyan, apostolic administrator of the Armenian Mekhitarist Congregation, the Pope said the congregation “is called to preserve and deepen its charism for the good of all Armenian people,” Vatican News reported. A letter from Pope Francis was read at the conclusion of celebrations marking 300 years from the foundation of the Armenian Mekhitarist Congregation in its Monastery in Venice. He said that together with the Mekhitarist Monastery of Vienna, the island of San Lazzaro where the Congregation is based has become its beating heart. “Despite a general reduction in numbers, each monk is called, there and everywhere, to keep his horizons open and wide and the bond of communion strong,” he said. “Your vocation, he said in conclusion to the monks, cannot be realized without real communion with your brother monks and without a total and joyful respect for your vows of poverty, chastity and obedience which are an evangelical source of true renewal and strength in the face of the trials we face today”. 48  


Haigazian University: An enchanting cultural evening with the Lebanese Philharmonic Orchestra Beirut, October 8, 2018 -- On October 5, 2018, the Lebanese Philharmonic Orchestra, under the direction of Maestro Garo Avessian, presented a concert at the St. Joseph Church, in Ashrafieh, featuring guest pianist Karen Hakobyan, from New York. This very unique cultural event was sponsored by Haigazian University. The concert program included a rich selection of international and Armenian music by renowned composers Johann Strauss, Antonin Dvorak and Aram Khatchaturian. With a heightened sense of pride, the capacity audience was listening to the dynamic performance of the Armenian-American piano soloist and composer Karen Hakobyan, skillfully playing Aram Khachaturian’s Piano Concerto in D-flat major, op. 38. Hakobyan further enchanted the audience by dedicating his encore, Armenian composer Arno Babajanian’s “Elegy”, to the memory of the late French-Armenian singer Charles Aznavour. Through this cultural collaboration with the Lebanese Philharmonic Orchestra, Haigazian University fulfilled part of its mission as an acclaimed institution of higher learning, that of contributing to the “refinement of the mind, the language, the behaviour, and eventually the soul of the human being,” as stated by University President, Rev. Dr. Paul Haidostian. Karen Hakobyan is a top prize winner of multiple international piano and composition competitions, whereas Maestro Garo Avessian, in addition to his many honours and awards, was the First & Grand Prize Winner of the 14th Danube International Conducting Masterclass & Competition in August 2018.

Street in Bayside, Queens renamed “Armenia Way” MassisPost -- On Sunday, September 30, the Holy Martyrs Church of Bayside, NY, held a special ceremony unveiling a new street sign on the corner of the church complex, re-naming the street as “Armenia Way.” The ceremony was presided over by the visiting Archbishop Khajag Barsamian, who celebrated badarak on the day. Children from the parish’s three schools—Holy Martyrs Armenian Day School, Language School, and Sunday School—gathered on the church plaza to sing and wave flags. Local Councilman Barry Grodechik was the Master of Ceremonies, introducing Archbishop Barsamian, pastor Fr. Abraham Malkhasyan, and several local politicians. At the corner of 210th Street and Horace Harding Expressway, the sign bearing the new street name was unveiled to the cheers of hundreds of people. The ceremony coincided with the 60th anniversary of the Bayside church’s consecration. But the effort to symbolically co-name the street began three years ago under the parish’s Genocide Centennial committee, led by Fr. Malkhasyan, Dr. Lynn Cetin, Garo Sekdorian, and supportive community leaders and neighbours. All spoke at the reception following the unveiling, along with local friend Rabbi Menashe Bovit and parish council chair Aram Ciamician. Nearly 15,000 Armenians live in Queens, NYC. 49  


Murat Çelikkan and Mwatana Organization for Human Rights receive 2018 International Hrant Dink Award MassisPost -- Turkish Journalist Murat Çelikkan and the Yemeni organization, Mwatana for Human Rights, won the 10th International Hrant Dink Award, the foundation reported. Every year Hrant Dink Foundation presents the award to individuals who take personal risks for achieving free and just world ideals, who break the stereotypes and use the language of peace and by doing so give inspiration to others, and organizations or groups that strive against discrimination, racism and violence. During the ceremony, human right activist and Harvard University faculty member Douglas A. Johnson gave a speech focusing on envisioning the future of human rights, as well as new approaches in the field. Co-founder of the International Nestlé Boycott Committee, Johnson is also among the founders of New Tactics, an organization that supports human right defenders. The award ceremony featured musical performances by Vomank, Collectif Medz Bazar and Sahakyan Children’s Chorus. Speaking at the award ceremony, Murat Çelikkan said he could continue his work thanks to people supporting peace although they sentenced to death as they challenge the “death and blood policy (of the government).” For years, Çelikkan has striven to create peaceful, democratic and pluralistic solutions to several ongoing heated issues in Turkey. Aware of the many different risks, he nonetheless speaks out in the defence of human rights. He fights for the establishment of freedom of expression and association, the exposure of human rights violations and torture, and recognition of the rights of those who were ‘disappeared,’ contributing to the strengthening of collective memory and raising awareness in this area through his writings on coming to terms with the past and dialogue. The spokesperson of Mwatana for Human Rights, Radya el-Mutawakel, said the situation of Yemen differs from Turkey; however, the human rights organizations of both countries face the same difficulties. “In spite of the very big differences on the situation between Yemen and Turkey, we still share many similar difficulties as civil society. Also, when we read more about Hrant himself and each person in the Jury, we even felt happier and prouder to be granted the award.” Mwatana Organization for Human Rights conducts independent, impartial documentation work and prepares reports in its courageous struggle against human rights violations in Yemen, in a time when cities of this country are being bombed and thousands of civilians are losing their lives in civil war. The Jury consisted of human rights activists, actors, directors, musicians and writers; Eren Keskin, Ai Weiwei, Albie Sachs, Ayse Kadioglu, Ercan Kesal, Özlem Dalkiran, Ronald Grigor Suny, Sarkis, Serj Tankian, Zainab Salbi and Rakel Dink. Hrant Dink tried to play his role as a journalist to improve dialogue between Turks and Armenians. The International Hrant Dink Award is presented annually under the aegis of the International Hrant Dink Foundation at an award ceremony organized on Hrant Dink’s birthday, September 15th. 50  


Armenia needs both charity & investments, not only investments! By Harut Sassounian Publisher, The California Courier

Throughout the years, since Armenia’s independence in 1991, I have had the unique opportunity of spending hundreds of hours with the country’s three previous Presidents, discussing privately with them Armenia’s many problems. I offered them my professional assessments and frequently my criticisms of the way they were running the country. Although the Presidents were not pleased that I was pointing out their shortcomings and mistakes, they understood that my intent was not to disparage them, but to help them improve the living conditions of the population. Ever since the earthquake of 1988, I have been doing charitable work in Armenia and Artsakh, initially as President of the United Armenian Fund (UAF), subsequently the Armenia Artsakh Fund (AAF), and as Vice Chairman of Kirk Kerkorian’s Lincy Foundation, delivering over $800 million of humanitarian aid to Armenia and Artsakh by the UAF and AAF, and managing $242 million of infrastructure projects funded by Lincy. Despite all the corruption prevailing in Armenia during those years, I fought hard to protect the humanitarian supplies and funds, persistently bringing to the attention of the Presidents the abuses by high-rankling officials, and demanding that they be disciplined or fired. During my 58 trips to Armenia and Artsakh, I saw firsthand the miserable conditions of most people in our homeland, deprived of money, food, medicines, clothing and other basic needs. Seeing the Presidents’ neglect of the people’s deprivations, I frequently and forcefully brought their dismal situation to the attention of the country’s leadership. I was particularly upset when I heard government officials speaking about Armenia needing investments, not charity. I found such remarks to be callous of the people’s suffering. After each such pronouncement, I confronted these officials explaining the negative effect of their statements. Consequently, I was surprised when Armenia’s new Prime Minister, Nikol Pashinyan, a man of the people, during his remarks in New York on September 23, 2018, announced that in the context of Armenia-Diaspora relations, work must be encouraged, not charity: “Armenians can assist Armenia only with one option: carry out economic activity in Armenia, establish any business, and work. Today, Armenia’s understanding is the following: It is a country where it is possible to carry out economic activity, establish a business, earn profits, get rich and enrich. Our message to all of you is the following: get rich and enrich. We want Armenia to be known as such a country. Not charitable, but developmental projects must be implemented in Armenia....” To be fair to the Prime Minister, in his speech, he also spoke about many other topics which I agree with whole-heartedly. He has tremendous support both in Armenia and around the world! He has practically eliminated corruption in Armenian society and has represented the voice of the people who had remained voiceless for more than a quarter of a century since independence. However, just as I have told the previous Presidents, I would like to provide the following explanations to the new Prime Minister: 1) I fully support the Prime Minister’s initiative that Armenia needs economic investments in order to create jobs and expand exports. By creating jobs, not only the people will have the income to pay for their daily expenses, but the government will also have the tax revenues to support the country’s and population’s multiple needs. 2) However, the Prime Minister’s urging that “work must be encouraged, not charity,” would deprive hundreds of thousands of poor people of their basic necessities. Investments take time to trickle down to the people and produce results. In the meantime, if charitable efforts are discouraged, many poor people will not survive! 3) Not all Diaspora Armenians can invest in the Armenian Republic. There are dozens of charitable organizations which by law cannot get involved in economic activities, as they can only do charity. Since the earthquake and Armenia’s independence, Armenian and international charities have provided a large amount of aid to Armenia and Artsakh. If it were not for this humanitarian assistance, the standard of living would have been even lower, jeopardizing the survival of many Armenians. By discouraging charity, we are simply asking charitable organizations not to help the needy people of Armenia. 4) Armenian governments so far have been unable to meet the many needs of their population due to lack of money. Diaspora’s charitable organizations have provided the aid that the government could not. If there were no charitable assistance in Armenia ever since independence, the people’s many needs would not have been taken care of and Armenia would have been a poorer country! 51  


5) Even if the Diaspora would start investing in Armenia today, that does not mean that the influx of new funds would take care of all the needs of the people overnight. Certainly, a large number of people would eventually be employed, but many others, such as the elderly, would still be left with hardly any income from their negligible pensions. Those who are unaware of the extent of appalling poverty in Armenia should read the Guardian newspaper’s Sept. 29, 2018 article by Nick Danziger, titled: “‘It’s better to die’: the struggle to survive poverty in Armenia.” 6) There is the mistaken notion that if there were many investments in Armenia, there would be no need for charity. In almost all countries, even in the most advanced ones, there are hundreds of charitable organizations that tend to the needs of the poor people. In the United States alone, billions of dollars are provided annually to needy individuals and families by charitable organizations. If the Americans require charity, Armenians would certainly need charitable assistance for a long time to come! Paradoxically, Prime Minister Pashinyan’s wife, Anna Hakopyan, recently launched her own charitable organization “My Step Foundation” to support educational, healthcare, social and cultural projects. She is doing what’s absolutely necessary because the people of Armenia desperately need help!

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Charles Aznavour  

CHARLES AZNAVOUR, ‘HERO’ OF TWO COUNTRIES, HAILED BY PRESIDENT MACRON & PRIME MINISTER PASHINYAN AT FAREWELL CEREMONY

Charles Aznavour  

CHARLES AZNAVOUR, ‘HERO’ OF TWO COUNTRIES, HAILED BY PRESIDENT MACRON & PRIME MINISTER PASHINYAN AT FAREWELL CEREMONY

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