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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 2013 91 TARI% JIU 48 VOLUME 91, NO. 48

W:RAKAÂOUZMAN QAÂORD DAR% |AU:RV |I<ATAK

MIASNAKAM% FXØR :U FAM:RA<> S"IUÂQ FA|R:NIQIN F:T^ FA|R:NIQIN FAMAR

"o[ozi vamazo\zi slaqn;rn endmi,t kang ;n a®;l^ zo\z talow 88-i D;kt;mb;ri 7-i ;rkra,arvi vamn ou rophn! 1988 jouakani D;kt;mb;ri 7-i Spitaki ;rkra,arve n;rka\is Fa\astani patmouj;an wy®oro, pafn hr! Faxarauor mardkanz korouste ;u k;anqi bnakanon enjazqi b;koume mia\n ta®apanqn;ri ;u a\n martafrauhrn;ri skixbn hin% oronq a®a=ika\ tarin;rin phtq h ;ang;znhin qa[aqakan famakargi 'louxmane ;u nori% au;li .yyoua‘i ‘noundin% ,r=a'akmamb ;u pat;raxmow \arouzoua‘ patmakan dvouarin kazouj;an^ anas;li astiyan .;[;low Fa\astane! A\sør k;anq h mt;l ª\;t;rkra,arv;anº s;rounde% ore 25 tari a®a= ‘nou;l hr^ ª'o.arin;louº ir;nz ‘no[n;ri korzra‘ xauakn;rin! Ba\z bauarar vamanak ci anz;l^ korst;an datarkoujiune lzn;lou famar! Fa\;re \a\tni ;n w;rapr;lou ir;nz ounakouj;amb! A\doufand;r]% <ar& h= 4

Fa\ qa[aqakan ;r;q kousakzoujiunn;rou G;rago\n Marminn;re Ourbaj% 6 D;kt;mb;r 2013-i a®auøt;an vame 10!00-in% miaz;al vo[ow me goumar;zin Ph\rouji Jhqh;an K;dronhn n;rs! Miaz;al vo[owin^ Soz;al D;mokrat Fncak;an Kousakzouj;an K;dronakan Warcouj;an patouirakoujiune gl.auor;z |akob Tigran;ane (at;nap;t)% oroun mas ke kaxmhin p;t& :r;s'o.an S;pouf Gal'aq;ann ou <auar, Akin;ane! Fa\ |;[a'o.akan Da,nakzouj;an Biuro\i patouirakoujiune gl.auor;z Frand Margar;ane (n;rka\azouzic)% oroun mas ke kaxmhin |akob Thr >acatour;ane% Mkrtic Mkrtic;ane% Mariø Nalpant;ane ;u Ghorgi P;tros;ane! Âamkawar

Axatakan Kousakzouj;an K;dronakan Warcouj;an patouirakoujiune gl.auor;z enk;r Ma\q >arap;ane (at;nap;t)! Patouirakouj;an mas kaxm;zin enk;rn;r |arouj :rkan;an% |owsh' Hmir;an ;u "ro`& Fra\r Fowiu;an! Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100 am;aki s;min goumaroua‘ a\s kar;uor vo[owe ;kau angam me ;us 'ast;lou% jh s'iu®qafa\oujiune miasnakam h^ inc ke w;rab;ri fa\ vo[owourdi fama\nakan ,af;roun% i masnauori Fa\ Dati ;u Pafan=atirouj;an farzow% oroun fandhp an anxi=o[ h ;u wy®akam! Vo[owakann;re miasnabar qnnark;zin 100 am;aki famafa\kakan taro[ou<ar& h= 13

OC :US H N:LSON MANT:LAN Faraua`rik;an Fanrap;touj;an (FAF) :ofann;spourg qa[aqi mh= gtnouo[ ir tan mh= D;kt;mb;r 6-in mafazau a\d ;rkri a®a=in s;uamorj na.agaf% .a[a[ouj;an Nop;l;an mrzanaki da'n;kir N;lson Mant;lan! An mafazau ;rkarat;u fiuandouj;nh \;to\% 95 tar;kan fasakin! A\d masin D;kt;mb;ri 6-i gi,;re \a\tarar;z p;touj;an n;rka\is [;kawar Yh\qop Xouman! ªÂo\jerº gor‘akaloujiune fa[ord;z% or fanra\a\t irauapa,tpan% FAF na.kin na.agaf Mant;lan ke ta®aphr joqa\in warakhn!

D:KT:MB:RI 7& BAKØ SAFAK:ANE ST:"ANAK:RTI MH+ ’A{K:PSAK DRA’ H ANM:{ XOF:ROU |OU<AKOJO{IN Spitaki ;rkra,arvi 25-rd tar;lizi kapakzouj;amb^ D;kt;mb;r 7-in Arza.i Fanrap;touj;an na.agaf Bakø Safak;ane fanrap;touj;an bar]rastiyan [;kawarouj;an ou[;kzouj;amb a\z;la‘ h St;'anak;rti |ou,afamalir ;u ‘a[k;psak dra‘ anm;[ xof;rou \i,atake \au;rvazno[ |ou,akojo[in!

ªHURRIYET DAILY NEWSº ANQARAN KE <Ø<A"H :R:UANI MH+ TIRO{ IRAWIYAKE :r;uani mh= ka\analiq tara‘a,r=ana\in vo[owe% fauanabar% a®ij ke da®na\ jourq ;u fa\ qa[aqakan gor‘icn;rou mi=;u qnnarkoumnn;rou ka\azman famar^ ;rkou far;uann;rou mi=;u \arab;roujiunn;rou kargauorman gor‘enjazi mh= tiro[ 'akou[a\in drouj;nhn dours galou npatakow! A\d masin ke grh jrqakan ªHurriyet Daily Newsº j;rje! J;rji fama]a\n ke \i,oui% or Anqaran mtadir h an]amb stoug;l Atrph\yani ou Fa\astani mi=;u [araba[;an farzi karagauorman w;rab;r;al banakzoujiunn;rou fnarauor a®a=enjaze% or krna\ fimq ‘a®a\;l Fa\astani ;u Jourqio\ m;r];zman famar!

Jourqio\ artgor‘na.ararouj;an pa,tøn;an fa[orda‘ hr ªHurriyet Daily Newsº-in% or jh;u d;® ‘ragroua‘ ch ;rkko[mani fandipoume% a\nouam;na\niu ªbauakan fauanakan hº Jourqio\ artgor‘na.arar Afmht Tatoujø[loun ;u anor fa\ gor‘enk;r Htouard Nalband;ani fandipoume ªtara‘a,r=ana\in fandipman ,r=anakn;rou mh=º! <ar& h= 15


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D;kt;mb;r 12% 2013-in Jourqio\ artaqin gor‘oz na.arar% Afmht Tawoutø[lou :r;uan piti a\z;lh% S;u ‘owou Tnt;sakan Famagor‘akzouj;an (BSEC) andam ;rkirn;rou famavo[owin! Atrph\yani artaqin gor‘oz na.arare% Mafm;tiarow ;us piti masnakzi no\n vo[owin% a\l S’TF andam axg;rou n;rka\azouzicn;rou f;t! So\n famavo[owe ke xougadipi a\npisi vamanaki% ;rb ar;umoutqn ou ar;u;lqe an\apa[ ke =anan øgtagor‘;l fa\kakan farze i npast ir;nz ,af;roun! W;rlou‘;low Kowkas;an f;txf;th tagnapali a\s farze% ke nkat;nq jh^ Ar;umoutqe ke =ana\ 'o. \arab;roujiunn;r st;[‘;l Jourqio\%Fa\astani ;u Irani mi=;u% ,r=anz;low {araba[;an farze% orowf;t;u ir;n famar or;uh n,anakoujiun counin Fa\astani ;u Atrph\yani 'o. \arab;roujiunn;re! Ar;umoutqi famar% Fa\astane ke n;rka\ana\ orphs a,.arfa-qa[aqakan d;rakatar! Âousia ke =ana\ 'o. \arab;roujiunn;r st;[‘;l Atrph\yani f;t% Fa\astani wra\ow Irani ;u Jourqio\ f;t fa[ordakzouj;an famar! Saka\n mius ko[mh Fa\astani safmann;re fsko[ouj;an tak ke pafh% ir s;'akan pa\mann;row banalou fauanakanouj;amb% Fa\astani tnt;soujiune a\laxanouj;an ;u ,;[oumn;rou jo\l ctalou famar! Jourqia k∞a,.ati Ar;umoutqi ;u Ar;u;lqi ,afarkoumn;rhn øgtouil inqnouro\n ,af;roun famar% {araba[i axatagra‘ fo[;rhn mas me w;radar]n;low Atrph\yanin% ar;umoutqi f;txf;th

ayo[ yn,oumhn ];rbaxatou;lou famar% 2015-hn a®a=! Ousti^ Jourqia ke =ana\ Âousio\ g;raka\oujiune au;lzn;l Fa\astani wra\% or kar;li ke joui ;jh Atrph\yan fama]a\ni ir safmann;re banal Âousio\ f;t% ;rb stana\ {araba[;an tara‘qn;rhn mas me! Faka®ak t;[i oun;za‘ Fa\astani ®axmawarakan ka®o\zn;rou Âousio\ 'o.anzoumin g;ri,.anakan ararqn;roun ;u a[;rsanqn;roun% Fa\astan takauin ke n;rka\aznh a,.arfa-qa[aqakan o\v me ;u krna\ .a[al ir ouro\n qa[aqakan qarje! A\s isk patya®ow% bnau kariqe cka\ mhk i,.anauorhn miusin j;qil% a\l^ apafow;l an]nakan ,af! Fa\astani ,af;re \stak ;n! W;rakangn;l 'o. \arab;roujiunn;r far;uann;roun f;t a®anz na.apa\mann;rou! Paf;l {araba[i n;rka\ qa[aqakan kargawiyake% ;u .stazn;l pafan=qn;rou iragor‘oume Jourqia\hn! Tauoutø[loui ;u Mafm;tiarowi a\z;loujiune :r;uan% krna\ st;[‘a‘ ellal ªbari kam;zo[ouj;anº mjnolort me% our a\z;loun;re krnan war]atrouil! Saka\n anonz a\z;loujiune krna\ na;u tarb;r ªa\z;loujiunn;rouº t;[i tal% 'o.anak ªdvouarin oro,oumn;rouº ;u xøra,arv;rou! Fa\ vo[owourde parti xa\s akna\a\t;l Jourqio\% incphs or an \a\tn;z ir pafan=qn;re Âousio\% D;kt& 2-in! Qa[oua‘ Na\ira Fa\roum;ani m;knabanouj;nhn!

OUA<INKJEN:AN PRISMAK

GORGI ME ODISAKANE :U PATMOUJIUNE LÂOUJ:AN MATNO{ D:RAKATARN:ROU M:{SAKZOUJIUNE |OWSH" M:LQON:AN (<ar na.ord jiuhn ;u w;r=) ~isq xarmanali ke gtnh na;u or Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an paraga\in Jrqakan v.to[akan dirqoro,oume o*c mia\n anou[[aki k;rpow ke wa\;lh ar;umt;an ;rkirn;rou m;[sakzoujiune% a\l;u ,r=ana\in qa[aqakan fa,iun;rh taroua‘ Isra\hl k*a=akzi Jourqio\ =anq;roun^ M;‘ :[;®ni ararqe ir z;[aspanakan bowandakouj;nhn parp;lou famar! Ardar;u% Isra\hli a\vmou na.agafe <imon Bhrhx ;rb 2001 jouakanin Angara k*a\z;lhr ibr;u Artaqin Gor‘oz Na.arar% Anatolou Lratouakan Gor‘akalouj;an troua‘ farzaxro\zi me enjazqin ba®azi k;rpow k*eshr! ªM;nq c;nq endounir or Frhakan O[=akixoumin ;u fa\kakan pndoumn;roun mi=;u no\nazoum me st;[‘oui! Fa\;rou paraga\in Frhakan O[=akixoumin nmano[ oc mhk dhpq pataf;zau! Fa\;roun patafa‘e o[b;rgoujiun men h ba\z z;[aspanoujiun chº! Dvba.tabar% isra\hl;an a\s dirqe fimnakan 'o'o.oujiun me ch ar]anagra‘ anzno[ tas tarin;roun% faka®ak anor or anfat fr;a\ dhmq;r% patmaghtn;r ;u mta‘o[n;r Isra\hl;an a\s dirqoro,oume ga\jak[;zouzic ou

apabaro\akan nkata‘ ;n% ou bou®n bo[oqn;r bar]razouza‘ ;n a® or ank h! Ardar;u% <imon Bhrhxi w;ro\i,;al \a\tararouj;nhn ;tq mi=axga\in yanacoum wa\;lo[ z;[aspanaght Isra\hl Carni anor namak me ke grhr ou k*eshr! ªIn‘i a\nphs ke joui or ørinaxanzakan s.al me ke gor‘hq% xor o*c mhk fr;a\ irauounq ouni gor‘;lou! :s ibr;u fr;a\% ;u isra\hlazi% k*amcnam or douq ;rkri ,af;rou patrouakin tak ke v.thq Fa\oz Z;[aspanoujiune% ban me or famaxør h Frhakan O[=akixoume v.t;lounº! A\spisi v.to[akan qa[aqakanouj;an me =atagowe ke fandisana\ na;u Am;rika\i frhakan kaxmak;rpoujiunn;rhn ªFaka-Anouanarkoumi Mioujiuneº% or anz;alin ogi i b®in pa\qara‘ h am;rik;an gongrhsi mh= qnnarkouo[ Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an ørinagi‘i tramadroujiunn;roun dhm% ou ke ,arounakh ant;[itali fakafa\ dirq me b®n;l a\s kapakzouj;amb! ~isq ;u a\l f;[inakn;r ou patmaghtn;r Isra\hli ou frhakan kaxmak;rpouj;anz a\s v.to[akan ;u jrqanpast dirqoro,oumn;re baro\akan ;u skxbounqa\in g;tni wra\ anendoun;li ke nkat;n% parxaphs a\n ‘anøj patya®ow or :rkrord

Fama,.arfa\in Pat;raxmi enjazqin fr;an;r o[=akixoumi ;njarkoua‘ ;n Naziakan G;rmanio\ ko[mh% ;u f;t;uabar o;uh vo[owourdh kam axga\in fauaqakanouj;nh me au;li Isra\hl partauor h fog;kzakan dirq me ord;gr;l fa\ vo[owourdi go[goja\in nkatmamb! Saka\n% Isra\hli ;u Am;rika\i Miaz;al Nafangn;rou frhakan kaxmak;rpouj;anz jrqamht ;u fakafa\kakan dirqoro,oumn;re orqan al tarørinak jouin% a\sou am;na\ni ga[tniq c;n! ~isq la\n t;[ kou ta\ a\s ;r;uo\jin! ~isq ;u mi=axga\in ditordn;r Isra\hli a\s dirqe ke bazatr;n Jourq-Isra\hl;an xinakzakan da,inqn;rou ;u 'o.-\arab;roujiunn;rou bno\jow% incphs na;u frhakan kaxmak;rpouj;anz O[=akixoumi paraga\in Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an ªmrzakizº me ellalou wa.hn! Ardar;u% est ~isqi ;u a\l masnaghtn;rou% akn;r;u h or Frha\ kaxmak;rpoujiunn;r ke na.entr;n O[=akixoumi dhpqe ibr;u mardka\in patmouj;an mh= ª;xakiº ;r;uo\j pafpan;l ir;nz qaroxcakan% tnt;sakan ;u qa[aqakan npatakn;rou m;na,norf;al kazoujiune pafpan;lou famar! A\nphs ke joui or Fa\oz Z;[as<ar& h= 15


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M;nq :nq^ M;r Zau;re

INCO#U S"IUÂQE KE M{OUI&&& ªK:NSAJO<AKºI PARO|R A{PA<:AN Libananafa\ enk;ra\in-m,akouja\in ;u axga\in-fasarakakan k;anqe% fauatal jh oc% endounil jh oc% ‘a‘ano[ ou tatano[ wiyak me ke bolorh% a®nouaxn ir oraka\in kam makardaka\in arvhca';row! };®narkn;rou ou fauaqn;rou jiuin kam \a=ordakanouj;an ch m;r aknarkoujiune% qani anonq ;rb;mn irar .aca];u;lou ca' .a\tab[ht ;n% a\l^ f;®auor jh møtik apaga\i f;t anonz fam;matouj;an% oronzmh ,at ban xi=a‘ ;n a\sørouann;re% ir;nz xanaxan ko[m;row ;u ;r;sn;row% incphs^ - Niuj;rou ;u a®ijn;rou entrouj;an m;‘amasnouj;an anfrapo\r ;u anf;taqrqir ellalou .orfrda‘;li iro[oujiune - |aya.o[ fasarakouj;an m;‘amasnouj;an no\ne ellalou mtafogic patk;re - Dasa.øsn;rou kam bana.øsn;rou m;‘amasnouj;an ªn;ra‘oua‘º ellalou anemb®n;li ;r;uo\je - :ritasard s;roundin m;‘amasnouj;an tagnap;zouzic bazaka\oujiune - Masnagitakan asparhxn;rou m;‘amasnouj;an nkatmamb anbnakan w;rab;rmounqe A\s bolore inci# k*a®a=nord;n% ;jh oc joulazoumi ou nafan=i% krauorakanouj;an ;u antarb;rouj;an% oronq sksa‘ ;n xgazn;l ir;nz jan]roujiune% da®noujiunn ou afauoroujiune! W;ron,;al (na;u a\l) axdakn;rhn iuraqanciure ouni ir patya®n;rn ou f;t;uanqn;re% ,arva®ijn;rn ou axd;zoujiunn;re% oronq ke karøtin lour= qnnarkoumn;rou ou w;rana\oumn;rou! Saka\n% am;nhn tarørinake a\n h% ;rb fraparaka\in fandisoujiunn;rou ou gor‘ounhoujiunn;rou ka\azman a®ijow% ªfiurº x;kouzo[n;r ke frauirouin kam ka\ f;uq me xanonq fiurenkal;lou% kar‘;s jh t;[akan ªouv;rº ckan% ga[ouje amlaza‘ h kam famapatas.an j;kna‘oun;r ckan! y,d;nq& o*c oq dhm h Fa\astanhn jh artasafmanhn anouani mtauorakann;r% 'or]aghtn;r% gitnakann;r kam f;[inakoujiunn;r frauir;lou% manauand ;rb anonq ir;nz masnagitakan kaloua‘n;roun mh= norararakan ;n% ir;nz mta‘o[ouj;amb% tramabanouj;amb ;u a,.arfagit;liouj;amb! Kar vamanak% ;rnh@k vamanak% ;rb libananafa\ mtauorakanoujiune ªfiurº hr AM:NOURHQ% ir .øsqe ls;li dar]n;lou% ir 'or]e 'o.anz;lou% ir ga[a'arn;re arta\a\t;lou% ir wastake arv;uor;lou! I#nc ke n,anak;n a\s endg‘oumn;re! An,ou,t% libananafa\ mtauorakanoujiune spa®a‘ ch ir a®aq;louj;nhn% jhkoux anor jiui nouaxoumow% ba\z% kan jh# ckan taka-

uin arvanauorn;r% oronq krnan m;r b;m;roun ªxardº;re kaxm;l% iuraqanciure ir marxhn n;rs ;u ir kocoumin faraxatouj;amb! Anzno[ tarin;roun ;u \atkaphs w;r=in ,r=anin% angami me famar fa\;azq jo[ n;toui ga[ouja\in k;anqin wra\% t;sn;lou jh qani# libananafa\ mtauorakan^ ir masnagitouj;amb% b;m bar]raza‘ h (kam bar]razoua#‘)! Askh^ ouri, mtoroum me ;us& inco#u libananafa\ ;ritasardouj;an t;[ ci trouir% d;r ci wstafouir% ir masnagitakan g‘ow ªmtauorakanº ellalou ;u ir npaste b;r;lou fraparaka\in ;lo\jn;row ;u ;r;uoumn;row! Cka#n a\dpisin;r! Ka*n! Phtq h gitnal entr;l ou qa=al;r;l% wstafil ;u a®a=adr;l% ;u oc jh bauararouil fatouk;nt kam patafakan masnakzoujiunn;row ;u kam^ g;[arou;stakan \a\tagiri me mh= d;r talow (jh;u a\s ªyiu[ºn al sksa‘ h .amril)! O#wq;r piti en;n asonq! Mijh parx ch#! A*\n kaxmak;rpoujiunn;re% oronq takauin ke \auaknin fauatal fa\ak;rtouj;an% s;renda'o.ouj;an ;u \an]na®ouj;an slazqin% na.^ inqxinqnin w;ranorog;low% apa^ ;ritasardoujiune a®a=m[;low! Inco#u a\s mtmtouqe ;u a*\s fangrouanin! Parxaphs anor famar% or kar‘;s noro\j (#) dar]a‘ h amhn inc Fa\astanin a®nc;l ;u ankh aknkal;l ga[ouja\in m;r k;anqe k;ndanazn;lou ou founauor;lou&&& ka\‘e ou .a\‘e! Incphs .orfrdafa\% na;u anka.akan ,r=anin% bnakan ou partadir h% or s'iu®qafa\oujiune apri ou w;rapri fa\r;nam;r]oujiunn ou fa\r;naka®ca‘oujiune% amrakou® tarb;r mi=ozn;row ou kar;lioujiunn;row% ba\z% n;r;li ch or a\d bolore irakananan S'iu®qi a\s kam a\n ga[ouji fa,uo\n! M;r 'nt®a‘e% pafan=a‘e a*\s h% or phtq h ella\ na;u iuraqanciur fa\oun% ,r=anakin ou ga[oujin% ;jh k*ouxoui m;xa\atouk inqnoujiunn ou go\oujiune paf;l% m;r mi=awa\ra\in k;ndanoujiunn ou k;nsounakoujiune ,arounak;l% a®anz porta.xou;lou fa\r;ni irakanouj;nhn! Dvba.tabar% fa\r;niqi oro, olortn;rou mh=% omanq c;n t;sn;r (kam c;n oux;r t;sn;l) a\s m;rkaparanoz irakanoujiune ;u ke kar‘;n jh^ bar;mtabar jh angitakzabar% S'iu®qin kou tan ouv% korow ou lizq% t;sakauor ªpatiuºn;r en;low% a®anz andrada®nalou% or a\d ];uow kar;li ch S'iu®q paf;l kam xørakzil anor% oc al ,qan,ann;rou 'a®atønn;r sarq;low ou frauhrn;r ba,.;low!

A\s anfamouj;an ;u anf;j;jouj;an krknouo[ouj;an t;n=e% anka.abar S'iu®qi nkatmamb ªanlr=analouº ditauorouj;nhn% ard;øq ª,qan,anaba,.º ko[m;re ci# m[;r fasknalou% jh^ oc bolor paragan;roun atonq bar;ni,% ca'ani, ou .orfrdani, ;n% mnaz or^ angami me famar ls;lou ;n fa\ fasarakouj;an t;sakhte a\s masin&&&! Isk a\s b;madrouj;an m;‘amasnoujiune (orowf;t;u kan \arg;li paragan;r al)% i#nc warkani, krna\ oun;nal% i#nc arvhq ke n;rka\aznh ;u% w;r=aphs% o#ur piti fasni fosqe% a\nqan at;n or^ Fa\astane CI YANCNAR S'iu®qe% k*angitana\ anor nrboujiunn;re% \;to\% ;u mia\n ,a@t \;to\% sksi ªm;talºn;r apspr;l ou tp;l% orowf;t;u S'iu®q yancnale ;u fasknale o*c a\z;loujiunn;row% o*c ‘anøjoujiunn;row% oc ªgit;mºouj;amb ke sksi ou ke w;r=ana\! Isk S'iu®qe^ phtq h f;®ou mna\ Fa\astane nkat;lh lok ir xgazakanouj;an a[ biure% or gow;li ellalow fand;r]% ANENDOUN:LI h a\l;us mnal a\d forixonakanin wra\% i dhms p;takanouj;an me% oroun a\nqan phtq oun;za‘ ;nq ;u^ ouninq! Fa\r;ni baxmajiu m;‘am;‘n;r% ir;nz ,qan,ann;re w;radar]ouzin (ou ke ,arounak;n)% i farkh% amhn oq ir patya®e kam inqnardarazoume oun;nalow% our;mn% a\s ª,qan,ana.a[ºe ghj S'iu®qi paraga\in% kam phtq h dadr;zn;l kam al^ w;rarv;uor;l! Gith#q incou% orowf;t;u a\n tpauoroujiune sksa‘ h ];uauorouil ou drs;uorouil% or% a\s enjazqow% S'iu®qe f;txf;th ke m[oui ªk;nsajo,akºi (libanan;an vo[owrda\in .øsqow^ ªja.aouitº)% \atkaphs ir mtauorakanouj;amb ou axga\in gor‘icn;row! Isk o#w k*endouni a\s an'a®ounakoujiunn ou warkab;koujiune S'iu®qin nkatmamb% atonq ellan n;rfa\astan;an jh artafa\astan;an ko[m;r kam ]a\n;r&&&! Asika mta‘;l kou ta#\% toua#‘ h% fa\r;nakan ou s'iu®q;an&&& [;kawarn;roun! O#w gith! Who knows! Ph\rouj |& G& M;nq libananafa\ parounakow ou aknozow .oraca';zinq ,arounakouo[ ;u gor‘adrouo[ soworamolakan a\s anfandourv;lioujiune% ba\z% atika ªfasarakazº h BOLOR a\n fa\aga[oujn;roun famar% oronq ke gtnouin no\n wiyakin mh= ;u no\n w;rab;rmounqin k*arvananan ªk;nsajo,akºa\in fog;banouj;an datapart;li armatauoroumow&&&!


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ª"IHÂ KARTHN FAGN:LOW% BA|Z MNALOW >A<I BOURMOUNQI N:RQO|% ORO<:ZINQ :UROPAKAN AMHN T:SAKI A{B ORD:GR:Lº Komitas Wardap;t |ownan;an! ª1970-akan jouakann;rin fippiakan ,arvoume ];uauor;z axat entaniqi ga[a'are% kam% incphs ir;nq hin asoum% s;qsi axatouj;an ga[a'are! 90-akan jouakann;riz :uropa\oum sksou;z mias;®akan ga[a'ara.øsouj;an tara‘oume% ;u cgit;s% jh inco#u m;nq hl^ ibr;u katar;al ;uropazin;r% "ih® Karthn fagn;low% ba\z mnalow .a,i bourmounqi n;rqo\% oro,;zinq ;uropakan amhn t;saki a[b ord;gr;l! :u 60-akan jouakann;rin% ;rb m;r ;ritasardn;re sks;zin \a\tnou;l Âousastanoum% krjoujiun stanal a\nt;[^ Fa\astan w;rada®nalouz \;to\% sks;z ‘a[k;l amousnalou‘oujiune% or fimq dr;z entaniqi qa\qa\maneº%- D;kt;mb;ri 7-in ªAxga\in arv;famakarg& Anz;ale% n;rkan ;u apaganº .oragir kro[ famavo[owi enjazqoum \a\tarar;z Ma\r Ajo® Sourb H=mia‘ni fa\ordaz tn;ri t;souctnørhn Komitas Wardap;t |ownan;ane! Famavo[owin masnakzoum hin fasarakakan ;u qa[aqakan kaxmak;rpoujiunn;r% Fa\ A®aq;lakan Sourb :k;[;zou n;rka\azouzicn;r% st;[‘agor‘akan mioujiunn;r% mtauorakann;r ;u a\lq! Komitas Wardap;t |ownan;ane n,;z% or 5 tari h% inc w;radar];l h ~ransia\iz ;u 26 tari apr;l h G;rmania\oum ;u a\dphs hl ci faskaz;l% oronq ;n Ar;umoutqoum go\oujiun oun;zo[ arvhqn;re& ª|ankar‘% Fa\astane dar];l h mi nor Prom;j;us% or ouxoum h ar;umt;an krake% boze 'o.anz;l mardkouj;aneº! Na \au;l;z% or vo[owourde siroum h ka®awaroujiunn;rin qarko‘;l% c\i,;low Qristosi .øsqe^ ªA®a=in qare% jo*[ n;ti na% ow m;[q couniº& ªO#w h ka®awaroujiune& Im ;[ba\re% im før;[bør t[an kam ];r faraxate! Sa n,ankoum h^ incphs m;nq ;rhk dastiarak;l ;nq m;ronz% dra ardiunqn;rn ;nq qa[oum% qani or ptou[e ‘a®iz f;®ou ci karo[ enkn;lº! :xra'ak;low ir .øsqe Komitas Wardap;t |ownan;ane koc ar;z n;rkan;rin dastiarak;l ir;nz xauakn;rin a\nphs% or nran or;uh mhke ^ pa,tøni anzn;louz \;to\ cqarko‘i!

W:RAKAÂOUZMAN QAÂORD DAR% |AU:RV |I<ATAK <ar& h= 1-hn

w;raka®ouzman qa®ord dar anz hl 1988 j& D;kt;mb;ri 7-i whrq;re c;n spiaz;l& cna\a‘ a[hti gøtin w;ra'o.;lou ;u tan;li pa\mann;r st;[‘;lou =anq;rin^ nranq% owq;r w;rapr;l ;n ;rkra,arvi sarsa'n;re% va®ang;l ;n \;tznzoumn;re! ArmeniaNow-i a\s jo[arkoume w;r=in ;r;q amisn;ri enjazqoum patrastoua‘ \ødoua‘n;ri ;u lousankarn;ri ,arq h <iraki ;u Lo®ou marx;ri masin% ort;[ k;anqe ,arounakuoum h% isk \i,o[oujiune^ mafouan no\n amsajouow baxmajiu g;r;xmann;r b;roua‘ ‘a[ikn;ri phs jarm!

71 <ABAJ MINC:U FA|OZ Z:{ASPANOUJ:AN 100-AM:AK Fa\r;nasirakan Ou[in;r! Kan axga\in ogiow togoroua‘ ;u axga,hn npatakn;row yamba\ ;la‘ kaxmak;rpoujiunn;r kam anfatn;r% oronq ke ]gtin fa\ axgin bar;lauman kam bar;kargman a,.atanqn;rou xargazman! Kan na;u a\l kaxmak;rpoujiunn;r% .mbakn;rou ,arvoumn;r ;u anfatn;r% oronq ke ]gtin ir;nz anfatakan npatakn;rou a®a=adrman% øgtagor‘;low fa\ fasarakoujiun me% or taroua‘ ella\ øtaramolouj;an ;u fakafa\ qaroxcouj;amb! Fa\astani ;u s'iu®qi tara‘qin% ;rb fama\n fa\ vo[owourde ke patrastoui axgowin m;‘a,ouq taro[ouj;amb og;koc;lou Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100-am;ake% molora‘ xangoua‘n;r oronz .a\tab[ht ararqn;re ke ‘a®a\;n mia\n jourqanpast ‘ragirn;rou% fraparak i=a‘ ;n xanaxan loxounqn;row% anmi=akan 'o'o.oujiunn;r pafan=;low fa\r;niqi i,.anoujiunn;rhn% fa\r;niqi fraparakn;rhn ;u f;®auor Am;rika\hn! A\l .øsqow fa\r;ni i,.anoujiunn;re pa,tpan;lou npatakow c;n% a\l pafan=qn;rou n;rka\azoua‘ k;rpn ou ou[in h .ndro\ a®arkan! Akn;r;u ;n Fa\astani ;u s'iu®qi mh= ;[a‘ fakafa\ qaroxar,aun;rou f;[inakn;re% oronq k∞oux;n Fa\astane ;us m.ry;l ªgarnana\inº mjnolorti mh=% ‘a®a\a‘ ellalou famar ir;nz jrqamht molora‘ ‘ragirn;roun! Enddimanal ;rkri i,.anoujiunn;roun a®a‘ s.al qa\l;roun dhm% ørinakan ;u .a[a[ ou[in;row ;u mi=ozn;row% ardarazi pafan=q krna\ ellal p;touj;an me ka®o\zin famar! Saka\n pa\qaril fa\r;niqi øgtin fandhp ;[a‘ ‘a®a\oujiunn;roun ;u kargauoroumn;roun dhm% ardhn dauayanoujiun h% ;u piti ‘a®a\h fa\ axgi taran=atoumi øtarn;rou ‘ragrin% manauand Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100-am;aki s;min!

AQCAME YON Q:N:TII ANOUAN DPROZI MH+ KE N:RKA|AZNH FA|OZ Z:{ASPANOUJ:AN TAR:LIZIN W:RAB:R:AL JOURQIO| ’RAGIRN:RE Farwert famalsarani Yon Q;n;tii anouan ka®awarman dprozi mh= D;kt;mb;r 9-in ªMAK-i Z;[aspanouj;an masin pa\managire ;u 2015 j& Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an fariuram;akeº .oragirow dasa.øsoujiun piti ta\ jourq patmaban Jan;r Aqcame! A\s masin ke t;[;kaznh ka®awarman dprozi pa,tønakan ka\qe! Ka\qi mh= ke n,oui% or irauaban ;u Foloqost w;rapra‘ Âa`a\hl L;mkin 1944 j&-in Z;[aspanoujiune bnoro,a‘ h^ \[oum katar;low 1915 j& fa\;rou kotora‘in! ªZ;[aspanoujiun \anzagor‘ouj;an kan.man ;u patvman pa\managirºn endounoua‘ h 1948 j& Miaz;al Axg;rou Kaxmak;rpouj;an Gl.auor Asambl;a\i ko[mhn ;u ouvi mh= mta‘ h 1951

j& |ounouarin! Patmaban Jan;r Aqcame ke qnnarkh so\n pa\managiri \;tagi‘n ou anor ]a.o[oujiun;re% incphs na;u Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100-am;akin enda®a= Jourqio\ ‘ragirn;rou masin! Ka\qe na;u ke t;[;kaznh% or Jan;r Aqcame jourq a®a=in mtauorakann;rhn ;[a‘ h% or baza\a\tørhn yancza‘ ;u qnnarka‘ h Fa\oz Z;[aspanoujiune!

TURKIYE& ªJOURQIAN PATRASTUOUM H BAZ:L FA|ASTANI F:T SAFMANEº

PanARMENIAN.Net - Jourqian patrastuoum h baz;l Fa\astani f;t safmane! Incphs groum h Turkiye-n% Anqaran mtadir h akanax;r‘;l Fa\astani f;t safmani 11%6 mln& qm&-iz^ 4 mln& qm-e! Dra famar farkauor h 52&4 mln& ;urø! Goumari 75 tokose ke \atkazni :M-n% 25 tokose^ Jourqia\i pa,tpanouj;an na.araroujiune! Na.ag‘i ,r=anakoum na.at;suoum h nor git;liqn;row \ag;zn;l safmanapaf ou[;kaln;re! Incphs na.ørhin gr;l h jourqakan Sabah j;rje% ªJourqia\i AG na.arar Afmht Tauoutø[loui .øsq;re% or kan oro, gor‘nakan ga[a'arn;r ou mtq;r% oronq Jourqian ke zankanar xargazn;l Fa\astani f;t \arab;roujiunn;ri kargauorman famar% nor imast ;n stanoumº! ªTauoutø[loui AMN katara‘ a\zi ardiunqoum% incphs na;u "oujini ou Øpama\i f;t Hrto[ani qnnarkoumn;ri ardiunqoum pa,tønakan Anqaran na.apatrast;l h Faraua\in Kowkasoum .a[a[ouj;an fastatman yanaparfa\in qarthxeº% gr;l h j;rje! N,uoum h na;u% or% masnauoraphs% pa,tønakan :r;uann ardhn ba®azi .ostaz;l h Atrph\yanin \an]n;l ;rkou axatagroua‘ ,r=an% saka\n Anqaran pafan=;l h :r;uaniz pa,tønaphs \a\tarar;l a\d masin! ª:jh Fa\astani [;kawaroujiune nman \a\tararoujiun fnc;zni% Afmht Tauoutø[loun D;kt;mb;ri 12-in k*a\z;li :r;uan^ S’TF mi=oza®maneº% gr;l hr j;rje! Ba\z sa d;® bauakan ch! Parxuoum h% ª;jh fa\kakan xørq;rn a®a=in 'ouloum axat;n L{F m;r]aka\ 7 ,r=aniz 2-e% 'o.arhne ke kargauorou;n Fa\astani \arab;roujiunn;rn Atrph\yani ou Jourqia\i f;tº! Jourqakan parb;rakane ci n,oum% jh inc nkati ouni ªkargauoroumº as;low! Au;li wa[ Today's Zaman-e% diuanagitakan a[biurn;ri wra\ \[oumow \a\tn;l hr% or Jourqian dim;l h a=akzouj;an famar <wh\zaria\in% ore% est Anqara\i% phtq h øgni fangouzalou‘;l [araba[;an fakamartoujiune% dranow isk yanaparf farj;low Anqara\i ou :r;uani \arab;roujiunn;ri w;rakangnman famar! <wh\zaria a\z;louj;ane Fokt;mb;ri khsin Tauoutø[loun \a\tarar;l hr <wh\zaria\i pa,tøn;an;rin% or Jourqian patrast h kargauor;l Fa\astani f;t \arab;roujiunn;re! Jourq na.arare faskazr;l hr% or :r;uane ªphtq h skxbiz axati grau;al tara‘qn;reº% a\sinqn irakanoum m;r axatagroua‘ tara‘qn;re! Est Tauoutø[loui% ;jh <wh\zaria\in \a=o[wi famox;l :r;uanin tara‘qn;re 'o.anz;l Atrph\yanin% Anqaran ke bazi Fa\astani f;t safmane! Est parb;rakani% ,wh\zarazi pa,tøn;an;re drakan ;n ar]agang;l Tauoujø[loui a®a=arkin! Est a[biurn;ri jourqakan AGN-oum% Jourqian masnauoraphs% mtadir h kargauor;l \arab;roujiunn;re Fa\astani f;t minc;u 2015 jouakane% a\sinqn minc Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100 am;ake! J;rje mh=b;roum h na;u omn ªbar]rastiyan jourq pa,tøn;a\iº m;knabanoujiune% est ori ªJourqian 'ak;l h safmane Fa\astani f;t oc jh L;®na\in {araba[i% a\l far;uan ,r=ann;ri patya®owº! Est a[biuri% Atrph\yane \a\tarar;l h% jh ci a®arki Fa\astani f;t Jourqia\i safmani bazman dhm% ;jh :r;uann ªaxatiº 7 m;r]aka\ ,r=ann;riz a®nouaxn 5-e! ª:r;uane no\nphs \a\tarar;l h% jh patrast h f;®anal fing ,r=ann;rizº%- am'o'oum h j;rje! I patas.an a\s amhni Fa\astani AGN mamlo\ qartou[ar Tigran Bala\;ane \a\tarar;z& ª<in‘ou a[biurn;ri \imar t;[;koujiunn;re m;knabanoujiunn;ri kariq coun;nº!


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FBE MIOUJ:AN TAR:KAN KALA - YA<K:RO|JE

A\s taroua\ Kala - Ya,k;ro\jin npatakn hr xark tal Miouj;an ;ritasardakan ‘ragirn;roun ;u patou;l Thr ;u Tik& Shm ;u Silwa Simon;ann;re! Tpauoric a\d fandisoujiune t;[i oun;zau <abaj% 16 No\;mb;rin% Phwerli Filxi Filjen ,q;[ pandokin mh=! N;rka\ hin au;li qan 400 fandisakann;r! Øroua\ fandisawarn hr Tik& Nora Yano\;an-Palik;ane! Fandisoujiune sksau drø,aki araro[ouj;amb% kataro[ouj;amb FBE Miouj;an Los Any;les-San ~hrnantø Fowiti ;u "asatina- Kl;nth\li arin;roun% ormh ;tq fandisakann;re ounkndr;zin Miaz;al Nafangn;rou% Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an ;u FBE Miouj;an qa\l;rgn;re! Fousk apa Fa\z& A®aq;lakan :k;[;zuo\ Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i J;mi A®a=nord |ownan Arq& Thrthr;an katar;z bazman a[øjqn ou ørfn;z ya,e! Shm Simon;an "o.-At;nap;t h FBE Miouj;an K;dronakan Warcouj;an% isk Shm ;u Silwa Simon;an amole fimnadirn h Fa\astani TUMO yartararou;sti st;[‘agor‘akan k;dronin% or i spas droua‘ h Fa\astani ;ritasardouj;an famar! Andrada®nalow ir;nz en‘a\oua‘ patiuin% Prn& Simon;an esau or ir;nq m;‘aphs xgazoua‘ ;n ;u parxaphs ke f;t;uin FBE Miouj;an ,araui[in% or bar]r ke dash ousman d;re fa\ ;ritasardn;roun møt% orphsxi anonq kar;nan bar;lau;l ir;nz k;anqe! M;nq% ,arounak;z an% parxaphs k∞ansanq axgin øgtakar fandisanalou a\n gitakzouj;an% or staza‘ ;nq FBE Miouj;an dprozn;roun mh=! Auart;low ir .øsqe% an n,;z or ir;nq ;rb;q piti cmo®nan a\s gi,;roua\ baza®ik endoun;loujiune! Zouzadrou;zau t;sa;rix me TUMO k;droni t;slakanin ;u anor gor‘ounhouj;anz w;rab;r;al% ormh ;tq FBE Miouj;an K;dronakan Warcouj;an "o.At;nap;t Sinan Sinan;an bar]r drouat;z Simon;ann;rou na.a];®noujiune^ fimn;lou a\d k;drone% orou npatakn h Fa\astani patanin;roun mtaforixone endar]ak;l ;u anonz st;[‘agor‘akan a,.atanqi pat;foujiun en‘a\;l% orphsxi anonq da®nan patrastoua‘ ouv;r! An apa b;m frauir;z øroua\ m;‘ar;aln;re ;u xir;nq patou;z \ou,ata.takow me ;u nouhrow me% a® i gnafatanq anonz an,afa-

.ndir nouiroumin ;u ‘a®a\ouj;anz^ Fa\astani TUMO k;dronin ;u FBE Miouj;an! Prn& Sinan;an apa ,norfakaloujiun \a\tn;z FBE Miouj;an Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i <r=anaka-

\in |an]navo[owin% gl.auorouj;amb At;nap;t Grigor Garakhøx;ani% oronq tar;kan a\s auandakan ];®narkow baza®ik pat;foujiune k∞en‘a\;n m;r bar;kamn;roun% gnafat;lou m;r

nouayoumn;rn ou xørazn;lou m;r n;zouke Miouj;ans a®aq;louj;an! Prn& Sinan;an ,norfakalouj;an \atouk .øsq ou[[;z na;u Kaxmak;rpic |an]na.oumbi At;nap;toufi^ FBE Miouj;an noran,anak Patouo\ Andam Tik& F;rminh Yano\;anin% or ir gor‘akizn;roun f;t =anq chr .na\a‘ \a=o[ouj;amb psak;lou a\s tpauoric ];®narke! Tik& Yano\;ani ,norfoua‘ hr a\d patiue ir au;li qan ;r;soun taroua\ ansakark ‘a®a\ouj;anz famar^ FBE Miouj;an! Tik& Yano\;an ir kargin ,norfakaloujiun \a\tn;z FBE Miouj;an K;dronakan Warcouj;an a\d patiuin famar% or ,at sir;li h ir;n^ qani FBE Mioujiune fandisaza‘ hr ir n;r,ncman a[biure! Fandisawar Nora Palik;an ir .øsqin mh= dit;l touau or fandisakann;roun m;‘ mase ke ba[kanar Miouj;an vra=an ;u ;ritasard arf;stawarvn;rh% oronq k∞oux;n Mioujiune a®a=nord;l dhpi nor forixonn;r! >øsq a®au na;u FBE Miouj;an Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i <r=anaka\in |an]navo[owi At;nap;t Grigor Garakhøx;ane! ªM;r Mioujiuneº% esau an% ªfpart h ir anz;alow% .andawa® h ir a,.o\v n;rka\ow ;u wstaf^ ir \ousatou ;u 'a\loun apaga\owº! ªM;r Mioujiune f;®at;soujiune ouni gofazoum talou nor s;roundi kariqn;roun% orowf;t;u anonq piti ellan apaga\i m;r [;kawarn;reº% dit;l touau Prn& Garakhøx;an! ªOusti m;nq phtq h mtik en;nq ir;nz ;u est a\nm ord;gr;nq m;r ‘ragirn;reº% ;xrakazouz an% ªorphsxi kar;nanq paf;l m;r inqnoujiune% m;r sir;li FBE Mioujiunn ou m;r 'a®auor axgeº! Fandisat;sn;roun mh= ou,agrau hr n;rka\oujiune J;makal A®a=nord |ownan Arq& Thrthr;ani% bar;rar amol Wach ;u Jamar Manouk;ann;rou% na.kin J;makal A®a=nord Wach Arq& |owsh';ani% FBE Miouj;an K;dronakan warcouj;an andamn;r Sinan Sinan;ani% Shm Simon;ani ;u :rouand Thmiry;ani! Qa[aqakan dhmq;rhn n;rka\ hin Qali`ornio\ .orfrdarani andam Atrin Naxar;ann ou Los Any;lesi qa[aqap;takan .orfourdi andam "øl Grigor;ane! N;rka\azoua‘ hin na;u f;t;u;al fa\kakan kaxmak;rpou<ar& h= 13


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JATRON-JANGARAN :XAKI ’RAGRI ST:’MANN ENDAÂA+

YARTARAP:T SINANE FA| H "RO~& AU:TIS "A"AX:AN

KARINH THR GHORG:AN

}a.hn^ Wach Parsoum;an ;u Tigran Mansour;an

ªM;r ];®qoum h ];uauor;l fa\kakan fasarakouj;an patk;re^ oc orphs øtarn;r or dimadroum ;n ]oulmane% a\l orphs gitakiz ;u xargaza‘ anfatn;r% oronq oun;n st;[‘agor‘ ;u famaxør n;rdroum^ m;r far;uann;ri fog;uor k;rtoua‘qoumº& Wach Parsoum;an Kiraki% 24 No\;mb;r% 2013-e iura\atouk ør hr Larq ;rav,takan enk;rakzouj;an famar! |;tmi=ørhi vame 3-in% ªXi';r Folº fam;rgasrafoum enk;rakzoujiune ;u ;rav,tanoze fandhs hin galou Komitasin nouiroua‘^ ªAnl®;li Xangakatounº grakan-;rav,takan ‘ragrow% or kaxmak;rpoua‘ hr am;rik;an dprozn;roum fa\ ;r;.an;rin a=akzo[ kaxmak;rpouj;an^ CASPS-i ko[miz! A\nouf;t;u% Jonathan Club-oum (Downtown) t;[i piti oun;nar m;‘arman ya,k;ro\j^ ;r;ko\% our patouo\ ,qan,an piti \an]nouhr enk;rak-

zouj;an fauatauorn;r bvi,kn;r Naxarhj ;u Ani Taragy;ann;rin% na;u piti n;rka\azouhr ªLarqºi fska\a‘aual jatronjangarani ‘ragire! Katarou;lou hr dramafauaq! Auartou;zin mi=oza®oumn;re! Kar;li hr mi qani na.adasoujiunn;row am'o';l ;[a‘e% saka\n kataroua‘ a,.atanqn;rin f;t;u;low% pafan= h xgazuoum manramasn;l^ a® i gnafatanq a\n \ognouj;an ;u =anq;ri% oronz mi=ozow irakanazan ];®narkn;re! CASPS kaxmak;rpoujiune% fimnadroua‘ 1994 jouin% qa=al;roum h Kl;nth\li ;u Los Any;lesi dprozn;ri faxarauor fa\ a,ak;rtn;rin^ ousoumnakan ;u enk;ra\in farz;row! Incphs mi,t% ªLarqºi ousano[oujiune ir;n wstafoua‘ fa\kakan ‘ragire n;rka\azr;z arf;stawarv% bar]r makardakow% ;u ªLarqº-CASPS <ar& h= 14

JMM KL:NTH|L-"ASATINA MASNAYIU{I |OU< :R:KO| NOUIROUA’ ANDRANIK ’AÂOUK:ANI Anmafn |owfannhs Jouman;ani ªFa\r;niqis F;tº banast;[‘oujiune% kar‘hq faraxat jargmann h Andranik ’a®ouk;ani fog;kan a,.arfin! Orb ou o[bow m;‘za‘% mankoujiun coun;zo[ ;r;.an;rou f;t fasak a®a‘% a®anz anh‘qow p[‘;lou ir ,ourjn;re% an anmar \o\sow gow;rg;z nor k;anqi ar,alo\se! ª|o\si Fa\r;niq% lo\si Fa\r;niq% Im nor Fa\r;niq% fxør Fa\r;niqº! :rgic >acik Nafap;t;an w;ro\n,;al .øsq;row ;rg;z ta[e fa\r;niqin% nouiroua‘ Andranik ’a®ouk;ani 100-am;aki fandisouj;an% or kaxmak;rpoua‘ hr JMM-i Klhnth\l-"asatina masnayiu[i warcouj;an ko[mh% D;kt& 8% 2013-i ;r;ko\;an vame 5&00-in% Aljatina\i Ph,khjiur;an srafin mh=! };®narkin manramasnoujiunn;re piti fa[ordouin \a=ord jiuow!

ªNor Fa\astanº ;®ør;a\i (No\;mb;r 15-16% 2013) famaroum ou,adrouj;amb kardazi anouani yartarap;t Sinani masin groujiune% our jourq;ri ko[miz farzakani tak hr a®nuoum nra ‘agoumow fa\ lin;le! Fa\-jrqakan \arab;roujiunn;ri mi=nadari masnaght lin;low w;rzr;zi 1999 j& FF GAA-i Ar;u;lagitouj;an Institoutoum fraparakoua‘ ªjourqakan wau;ragr;re Fa\astani ;u fa\;ri masin (1619-rd dar;r)º im a,.atoujiune ;u 49-52 h=;roum kardazi f;t;u;ale a\d masin! B;roum ;m \apauoumn;row! ªAr;umt;an Fa\astanoum mankafauaqi (t;u,irmh) kira®man qa[aqakanoujiune katar;al mi patoufas hr fa\ vo[owrdi famar! Ar;umt;an Fa\astani nafangn;roum mankafauaqe sks;l h kira®ou;l 1464 jouakaniz sksa‘! Mankafauaqin w;rab;ro[ patmagitakan ;u \atkaphs wau;ragra\in niuj;re% Stampouli ar.iun;riz w;rzr;l ;u ;rkou fatorow fratarak;l h jourq patmaban I& Ouxouncar,elen!1 Fraparakoua‘ frowartakn;riz imanoum ;nq% or mankafauaqe t;[i h oun;z;l iuraqanciur ;rkou kam fing tarin mhk angam! Mankafaua qi pa,tønin n,anakoua‘ w;rakazoun souljanakan `;rmane (frowartak) ];®qin ,r=oum hr ir;n \atkazoua‘ ,r=ann;roum ;u fauaqagroum oujiz qsan tar;kan `ixikaphs a®o[= ;u amrakaxm qriston;a\ t[an;rin! A\nouf;t;u pafakn;ri fsko[ouj;an n;rqo\ t[an;rin b;roum hin Stampoul ;u \atouk granzman mat;ann;row n;rka\aznoum ;nic;rin;ri2 a[a\in! A\st;[ 'o.oum hin nranz anounn;re% kataroum mafm;takan fauate endoun;lou ;rdman araro[oujiun! A\nouf;t;u \atouk xøranoza\in pa\mann;roum t[an;rin dastiarakoum hin mo l;®and mousoulmanakan ogow ;u dar]noum ;nic;ri! A\s t[an;rin orphs ]ri a,.atouv a,.atazr;l ;n tarb;r t;[;roum% isk g;[;zik wa\;lcakaxm t[an;rin øgtagor‘;l ;n palatakan xanaxan a,.atanqn;rin!3 I& Ouxouncar,elen endounoum h% or palqan;an vo[owourdn;riz bazi fa\;rn ou wrazin;re ;us ;njarkou;l ;n mankafauaqi! No\nisk b;roum

h mi qani ørinakn;r% ort;[ zo\z ;n truoum% jh d;u,irmhi ;njarkoua‘ fa\ patanin;re \;taga\oum fas;l ;n bar]r pa,tønn;ri! Parxuoum h% or 16-rd dari fanra\a\t yartarap;t goya Sinane no\nphs d;u,irmhiz fauaqagroua‘ ;r;.an;riz h! ªFanra\a\t yartarap;t Sinane%- groum h I& Ouxouncar,elen%- Souljan S;lim Af;[i vamanak k;saria\iz a®a=in angam mankafauaqi ;njark oua‘ ;r;.an;riz hrº!4 Saka\n I& Ouxouncar,elen yartarap;t Sinani masin .øs;lis sto\g ci n,oum nra axgoujiune! "ast;re liowin apazouzoum ;n% or Sinane axgouj;amb ;[;l h fa\! A\n fastatuoum h Jourqia\i warcap;tarani ar.iuoum pafouo[ mi wau;ragriz!5 A\s wau;ragri fiman wra\ fanra\a\t patmaban% ba®aranaghtl;xouaban^ Bars Jou[layen (Bars;[ Jou[lay;an) n,oum h f;t;u;ale ªGoya Sinane% ore 16-rd daroum Øsman;an yartarap;takan arou;sti xargazmane ir .orn axd;zoujiunn h oun;z;l% ‘agoumow ;[;l h fa\º!6

1& I.H. Ununcarsili, osmanli devleti deskilatindan Kapukulu ocaklari, c.1. Ankara, 1943, c. 2, 1944. 2& Ba®azi n,anakoum h ªNor xørqº! Øsman;an ka\srouj;an kanonauor f;t;u;aka\in xørq! 3& I& Ouxouncar,ele% n,oua‘ a,.&% fat& 1% h= 126! 4& I& Ouxouncar,ele% n,oua‘ a,.&% fat& 1% h= 20! 5& Basbakanlik arsivi, muhimme defterleri serisi, nu. 123, 5.240. Paris Tuglaci, Osmanli mimarliginda batilasma donemi ve Balyan ailesi, Istanbul, 1981, 2.1. 6& No\n t;[oum!

Bavanordagrou;lou famar Âamkawar Axatakan Kousakzouj;an ;l;ktrona\in mamoulin% };r e-mail faszhn krnaq [rk;l ragmamoul@gmail.com


Thursday, December 12, 2013 Volume 91, No. 48 A PUBLICATION OF ARMENIAN DEMOCRATIC LIBERAL PARTY, WESTERN DISTRICT COMMITTEE OF THE UNITED STATES

Artsakh Celebrates The Day Of State Independence Referendum And Constitution

On 10 December President of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic Bako Sahakyan issued a congratulatory address in connection with the Day of NKR State Independence Referendum and Constitution. “Dear Compatriots, On behalf of the Artsakh authorities and personally myself I cordially congratulate you on the Day of the NKR State Independence Referendum and Constitution, a holiday, which has a unique place in the life of our nation December 10 is significant for the Artsakh people due to important state events, which have been serving as a basis and guideline for our further development. In 1991 Artsakh chose once and for all the path of building an independent democratic state and 15 years later reconfirmed and fixed that historic decision with its firm

affirmative for the basic state law – the Constitution. Being committed to democratic norms and principles requirements, guided by universal principles and values, the core of which is the human being with his rights and freedom, we passed a complicated and difficult way and registered tangible success. However, we still have much to do in this direction. Supremacy and equal protection of law must become a way of life for our society, a mandatory condition in everybody’s work and daily life. Only in this way can we build a powerful and developed country. Dear Artsakh people, I congratulate all of us on this double holiday and wish peace, robust health and all the best.”

Governor Jerry Brown Taps Armenian Bar Member Armen Tamzarian As Judge Of The California Superior Court

On December 5, 2013, California Governor Jerry Brown appointed Armenian Bar Association member Armen Tamzarian to the Los Angeles County Superior Court. Heeding the calls of the Armenian community, including the Armenian Bar Association, to name another ArmenianAmerican to the judicial bench, and in recognition of Mr. Tamzarian's impeccable background and experience, Governor Brown's appointment comes as a most welcome and auspicious development. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Tamzarian was a senior appellate court attorney at the California Court of Appeal in Los Angeles. From 1997 to 2008, he was an associate and then a partner of the Century City law firm of Case, Knowlson, Jordan & Wright LLP. His practice consisted mostly of business and real estate litigation. In 1996 and 1997, Mr. Tamzarian worked as a superior court research attorney. Mr. Tamzarian has been an active member of the Armenian-American community for most of his life. Beginning from early on in his education and career, Mr. Tamzarian studied and then published on the issue of the Armenian question under international

law. Most recently, he served on the organizing committee for the ANCA grassroots conference. He also served for seven years as a task force member of the AGBU Generation Next mentorship program. Mr. Tamzarian received his B.B.A. from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and his J.D. from Southwestern Law School. At Southwestern, Tamzarian received a full three-year merit scholarship and served on the school’s law review. "The Armenian Bar Association welcomes Armen Tamzarian's appointment to the bench by California Governor Jerry Brown. Mr. Tamzarian is a wonderful choice and will make a superb contribution to the California judiciary. We look forward to additional judicial appointments in the near future of other worthy Armenian-Americans in California and other states. We also call upon President Obama to draw from a pool of highly-qualified Armenian-American lawyers and state court judges for an appointment to our federal bench," stated Armenian Bar Association Chairman Garo Ghazarian. ARMENIAN BAR ASSOCIATION

Official Yerevan Proposed A New Road Map To Turks For Armenian-Turkish Rapprochement

Our source of the RA Foreign Ministry claim that Armenia has developed a new roadmap for Armenian-Turkish rapprochement, which 10 days ago was personally transferred to Ahmet Davutoğlu via closed channels. It is obvious that Erdoğan’s government, starting from the motto “Zero problems with neighbors” and presently reaching the reality of “serious problems with all neighbors”, has a great problem with saving his traits in the international platforms, and, basically, was not against in seriously reviewing the roadmap proposed by Armenia in secrecy. The same source claims that the roadmap is about three specific destinations. As informed by our Foreign Ministry sources, Armenia has transferred the Turkish Foreign Minister

Ahmet Davutoğlu the roadmap of the Armenian-Turkish rapprochement via secret channels, which consists of three specific points: 1. Turkey shall publicly recognize the fact of the Armenian Genocide, its comCont. p.10

Azerbaijani Delegate To Arrive In Armenia For BSEC Ministerial Azerbaijani delegate will participate in the meeting of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) that will be held in Yerevan on December 12. Head of the foreign minister on economic cooperation Shovgi Mekhtizade will represent the country in Yerevan, spokesperson for Azerbaijani foreign ministry Elman Abdullayev told APA. Armenian foreign ministry has invited representatives of all member states, including Turkey and Azerbaijan.

Armenia is currently holding the BSEC chairmanship and will pass it to Bulgaria during the ministerial meeting.

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has accepted an official Armenian invitation to visit Yerevan next week for an international ministerial conference. The Armenian government has extended such invitations to the foreign ministers of all countries aligned in the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) grouping, including Turkey and Azerbaijan. They are scheduled to meet in Yerevan on December 12. “Turkey is one of the founding members of the organization,” Davutoglu told reporters in Ankara on Thursday. “Its headquarters are located in Istanbul, where Armenia, which is a member of the organi-

zation, also has a representative.” “I received the invitation and decided to accept it after consulting the president,” he said, according to “Hurriyet Daily News.  Turkish media continued spreading various reports concerning Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s visit to Armenia. Turkish FM is going to Armenia with two offers, including transfer of two regions to Azerbaijan in return for opening of the border, Sabah daily writes. Quoting its sources, the newspaper claims Davutoglu plans to meet with his Armenian counterpart Edward Nalbandian and President Serzh Sargsyan, in Yerevan, Armenia.

Turkish Foreign Minister To Visit Armenia

Armenian Deputy FM Advises Davutoglu To Visit Genocide Memorial PanARMENIAN.Net - Deputy Foreign Minister Shavarsh Kocharyan advises Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu to visit the Genocide victims memorial in Yerevan. “Instead of making provocative statements capable of undermining the peace process in the South Caucasus, Davutoglu would be better advised to commemorate the victims of the Armenian

Genocide,” the official said. As he noted, Ankara can promote ties with Yerevan by ratifying the 2009 Armenian-Turkish protocols without preconditions. “Turley’s recognition of Genocide and opening the border with Armenia may promote establishment of civilized ties with the regional states,” Kocharyan concluded.


Nor Or Weekly - Thursday December 12, 2013

8

Book Launch & Presentation By Katia Peltekian Organised By: Tekeyan Cultural Association

On Friday 22nd November 2013, the Tekeyan Cultural Association (TCA) in London organised a gathering at Hye Doon (“Armenian House”) in Kensington to launch the newly published book “The Times of the Armenian Genocide: Reports in the British Press (1914-1923)” compiled and edited by Katia Minas Peltekian. The evening began with an introduction by the TCA of their activities in London, with a background to the activities of the Armenian Genocide Centenary Commemoration Committee (AGCCC) in the lead-up to centenary of the Genocide in 2015. After welcoming the audience and highlighting the obvious relevance of the book especially from a British perspective, the TCA welcomed Ms. Peltekian who had independently worked on the compilation & publication of her two-volume work over several years. Ms. Peltekian began her presentation with a brief introduction of her work which compiles over 1,000 items from British newspapers, stating that not much research is done on the British reaction to the ongoing massacres of the Armenians perpetrated by the Turks, although the British were more involved in the region than the USA at the time. The Blue Book by Lord James Bryce and Arnold Toynbee, published at the end of 1916, is perhaps the only British book that is referred to extensively. She said that although history is not a subject she liked or even studied, she learned a lot by reading old newspapers. Ms. Peltekian then presented a series of samples of the over 1,000 items she had located in the British Press, specifically in “The Times” and “The Guardian”. These items included reports written by correspondents of the newspapers with such headlines as “The Extermination of Armenians,” “Destroying a Nation,” “Torture of Armenian Women,” “The Murder of a Race,” “Murder of Armenian Children,” and “20,000 Armenian Women & Children Massacred in Baku.” However, what was more interesting to the audience was that the British Parliament had debated and discussed the Armenian situation some 70 times during the 10 years between 1914 & 1923 in both the Houses of Lords & Commons. Ms. Peltekian said that for most Armenians, Lord Bryce is well-known for his interest in the Armenian Question; however, upon reading the proceedings of the Parliamentary discussions, it comes to light that there were a number of British Lords and MPs

who continually demanded action from the British government to help the Armenians during and after World War One. The audience were surprised to learn that the Labour Party had sent a proposal in which it demanded to never let Turkey rule the Armenians again, insisting that the provinces where Armenians constituted the majority of the population before the War would be released from Turkish rule; or that Gandhi himself spoke against the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire, and threatened insubordination by the Moslems of the British Empire if Britain ever contemplated the idea of partitioning of Constantinople from Turkey; or the fact that the Armenians in the city of Manchester had raised enough money to buy two aeroplanes for the small Republic of Armenia; or that Mustapha Kemal, aka Ataturk, had ordered his troops to “hate the British and the French with all their might, and instead respect and serve the sacred TurcoGerman-Bolshevik alliance of 1920.” The presentation also included samples of Editorials and Letters to the Editor written by British and non-British individuals, both from the official and non-official circles, demanding that Britain do the honorable duty towards the Armenians. Finally, Ms. Peltekian demonstrated some of the appeals that were published in the papers to help the Armenian refugees and orphans. Most of these appeals came from the Lord Mayors of the cities of London and Manchester who had both established funds to help the destitute Armenians. Some of these ads took up one whole page or half page of the newspaper. These ads were published in poster forms as well. After the presentation, Ms. Peltekian answered some questions from the audience after which she signed copies of her book. The Tekeyan Cultural Association, London Chapter, was established in 1975 and is affiliated with the Tekeyan Trust, a registered charity in the UK. It is dedicated to the preservation and promotion of Armenian cultural identity and to furthering links between the Armenian Diaspora and Armenia.

It Lacks Money To Finish Covering The Budget Of The Film ‘The Genex’

According to our information, several film projects are in preparation for the hundredth anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. Only two have international ambitions. They are the one of the French filmmaker Robert Guediguian and the one of Art Sevada "The Genex" based on a story featuring an aspect in the life of the Reverend Gomidas. But Sevada has not covered the film's budget.

Art Sevada, son of Samuel Sevada, born in Armenia, now lives in Los Angeles. He is still awaiting a response from the Ministry of Armenian culture, which has promised to support the project. Sevada also expects the investment of a few businessmen, while we are only in 16 months before April 24, 2015. Hope that this international event is not stained by inconsistency. Jean Eckian

Renovated Building Of Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute To Open In 2015 The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute (AGMI) will present a new exposition in a renovated building on April 24, 2015, AGMI deputy director Suren Manukyan told a news conference on Monday. According to him, the repairs began in November and the museum is temporarily closed now. A temporary exhibition will open in the museum on April 20, 2014. The AGMI deputy director noted that the repairs are being carried out with the support of benefactors. The renovated building will be 2.5 times larger than the old one, modern exhi-

bition technologies will be used. A total of 22 nation states, including Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Russia and the Vatican, and dozens of state and provincial legislatures around the world, including New South Wales and South Australia, have formally recognized the Genocide by Turkey between 1915 and 1922. International bodies such as the World Council of Churches, the Council of Europe, the European Parliament and the International Association of Genocide Scholars have also recognized the Armenian Genocide.

As winter settles in across Armenia, a brand-new heating system will keep the AGBU Malatya Children’s Center warm, made possible by the Arménie Terre de Vie (Armenia Land of Life) humanitarian aid mission. Arménie Terre de Vie, a biennial initiative led by the AGBU France District’s UGAB Jeunes (AGBU Youth), raised over 30,000 euros this year for the Center, as well as for environmental and healthcare projects. Building on the success of its inaugural 2011 trip, the Arménie Terre de Vie group brought even more funds, supplies and positive change to Armenia in 2013. The 26 volunteers, among them several students who are not Armenian, were led by longtime AGBU members Diane Der Agopian and Alexia Kazandjian. Der Agopian commented on their inspiration, stating, “Alexia and I loved travelling to Armenia with Arménie Terre de Vie two years ago and wanted to motivate young people around the world to do the same. We are both completing our degrees in business and overseeing this mission allowed us to put what we are learning as students into practice as advocates.” Der Agopian and Kazandjian managed every phase of the project, beginning with fundraising. For two years, the group collected donations from family and friends, drew countless supporters through online crowdfunding, and secured grants from the Bullukian Foundation and the Conseil Général des Hauts-de-Seine. At an AGBU Paris benefit dinner last spring, the group raised a record-breaking 10,000 euros. Many donations were also made in kind: when the volunteers arrived in Yerevan in August, they had with them over 200 pounds of clothing, toothbrushes, toys and school supplies provided by companies and carried as special cargo by Czech Airlines, an Arménie Terre de Vie sponsor. Throughout their month-long stay in Armenia, the volunteers distributed books at a Karabakh school, led an oral hygiene

workshop for dozens of Yerevan youth, and organized a cleanup of Lake Sevan. Along with removing trash from the lake, they mounted two boards that are translated in four languages to discourage visitors from polluting. The boards were the result of the group’s meetings with Sevan’s elected officials. The students spent the majority of their time, though, renovating a wing of the AGBU Malatya Children’s Center—sanding, painting and priming walls; installing new sinks and toilets; and transporting furniture. The remainder of the work, putting in place new gas and water lines, was completed by the AGBU Yerevan office just in time for the winter season. Kazandjian commented, “Our goal was not just to donate money, but to actively participate in the projects and to see, firsthand, how we could make a difference.” The Children’s Center director, Karine Janoyan, welcomed the new additions, remarking, “On behalf of the AGBU Malatya Children’s Center students, teachers and staff, I would like to thank AGBU France for carrying out such a humanitarian, patriotic and educational program here. The Arménie Terre de Vie group spared no effort or expense to complete the work, for which we are all so grateful.” The highest praise came from the children themselves. Anahit Sukiassian, 14, who has been studying English and theater at the Center since 2008, shared, “When I first found out volunteers would be renovating our Center’s classrooms, I was very happy, because we really need the support. Once I met the members of Arménie Terre de Vie and spent some time with them, they felt like old friends. Now, we continue to keep in touch and I hope they will come back soon!” This fall, Arménie Terre de Vie hosted a photo exhibit at the AGBU Cultural Center in Paris, with highlights from their trip. To view some of those photographs, and to learn more about Arménie Terre de Vie, please visit www.ugab-jeunes.fr.

AGBU Arménie Terre de Vie Initiative Raises 30,000 € for Development Projects France Youth Group Provides Funding and On the Ground Support in Armenia


Nor Or Weekly - Thursday December 12, 2013

9

Nearly A Century After The Armenian Genocide, These People Are Still Being Slaughtered In Syria And Now, Almost Unmentioned In The Media, Their Holy Places Are Also Being Desecrated By ROBERT FISK

Just over 30 years ago, I dug the bones and skulls of Armenian genocide victims out of a hillside above the Khabur River in Syria. They were young people – the teeth were not decayed – and they were just a few of the million-and-a-half Armenian Christians slaughtered in the first Holocaust of the 20th century, the deliberate, planned mass destruction of a people by the Ottoman Turks in 1915. It was difficult to find these bones because the Khabur River – north of the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zour – had changed. So many were the bodies heaped in its flow that the waters moved to the east. The very river had altered its course. But Armenian friends who were with me took the remains and placed them in the crypt of the great Armenian church at Deir ez-Zour, which is dedicated to the memory of those Armenians who were killed – and shame upon the “modern” Turkish state which still denies this Holocaust – in that industrial mass

murder. And now, almost unmentioned in the media, these ghastly killing fields have become the killing fields of a new war. Upon the bones of the dead Armenians, the Syrian conflict is being fought. And the descendants of the Armenian Christian survivors who found sanctuary in the old Syrian lands have been forced to flee again – to Lebanon, to Europe, to America. The very church in which the bones of the murdered Armenians found their supposedly final resting place has been damaged in the new war, although no one knows the culprits. Yesterday, I called Bishop Armash Nalbandian of Damascus, who told me that while the church at Deir ez-Zour was indeed damaged, the shrine remained untouched. The church itself, he said, was less important than the memory of the Armenian genocide – and it is this memory which might be destroyed. He is right. But the church – not a very beautiful building, I have to say – is nonetheless a witness, a memorial to the Holocaust of Armenians every bit as sacred as the Yad Vashem memorial to the victims of the Jewish Holocaust in Israel. And although the Israeli state, with a shame equal to the Turks, claims that the Armenian genocide was not a genocide, Israelis themselves use the word Shoah – Holocaust – for the Armenian killings. In Aleppo, an Armenian church has been vandalised by the Free Syrian Army, the “good” rebels fighting Bashar alAssad’s regime, funded and armed by the

Inspirations From Birthright Armenia

Cristina Nerguizian, a native of Uruguay, volunteered for three months in 2012 through Birthright Armenia, placed at the Homeland Development Foundation Initiative. As she notes below, while living in Armenia she was quite busy improving her Armenian language skills, resulting in an important payback one year later. In memory of my grandfather Coco: Admittedly, I'm no expert in the Armenian language. In reality, I'm not even a basic level speaker. I can't read journalistic work, much less write fluently. However, having studied the language during my months as a volunteer with Birthright Armenia, I was enriched not only in terms of grammar and vocabulary, but also I have come to understand feelings, customs, and habits not previously understood in their deepest essence. In practical terms, I now have the ability to communicate in Armenian with basic proficiency. I can be too repetitive with this subject and sometimes I myself get tired from talking about Armenia. But I figure, if Birthright Armenia gave me all these opportunities, I should share them. There is something that I have kept to myself which I want to share now. It is about my experience upon my return to Uruguay, specifically the exchanges with my grandparents, Coco and Alicia, and especially the connection made with my grandfather during his last days. My grandfather was determined to speak to me in Armenian. Moreover, he did not respond at all when I spoke to him in Spanish. "Grandpa, do you want water? ... Agua, abuelo, dale, tomá un poquito..." and he wouldn't move or nod. Then as my last resort and with insistent despair, I asked: "Papik, ջուր ... մի քիչ ... չես ուզում? ջուր?" and then I received his nodding confirmation. It was an achievement!

He also spoke about the hospital and the nurses and most of it I could not understand. We were transported to a dimension, to a place where it was just us. Being able to share my compassion made me think just how worth it was to have learned Armenian. Those days were difficult and sad too, but the memories always bring tears and a smile. And at the saddest point, despite the pain, I felt peace and satisfaction knowing that he would have been proud of me, because the words the Archbishop and his friends spoke about him, rightly or wrongly, I could understand. I understood that, like me, there were many people who saw him as a wonderful man and a tireless worker. Everything was said in Armenian, and I understood. I understood as well as I could have hoped to. Today Coco has become invisible, maybe he is sipping some oghi right now... I simply wanted to share that learning the Armenian language for me is more than acquiring new vocabulary. It is something much bigger, because it brought me closer to my grandparents. And from that only good things can come.

Americans as well as the Gulf Sunni Arabs. But in Raqqa, the only regional capital to be totally captured by the opposition in Syria, Salafist fighters trashed the Armenian Catholic Church of the Martyrs and set fire to its furnishings. And – God spare us the thought – many hundreds of Turkish fighters, descendants of the same Turks who tried to destroy the Armenian race in 1915, have now joined the al-Qa’ida-affiliated fighters who attacked the Armenian church. The cross on top of the clock tower was destroyed, to be replaced by the flag of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Nor is that all. On 11 November, when the world honoured the dead of the Great War, which did not give the Armenians the state they deserved, a mortar shell fell outside the Holy Translators Armenian National School in Damascus and two other shells fell on school buses. Hovhannes Atokanian and Vanessa Bedros, both Armenian schoolchildren, died. A day later, a bus load of Armenians travelling from Beirut to Aleppo were robbed at gunpoint. Two days later, Kevork Bogasian was killed

by a mortar shell in Aleppo. The Armenian death toll in Syria is a mere 65; but I suppose we might make that 1,500,065. More than a hundred Armenians have been kidnapped. The Armenians, of course, like many other Christians in Syria, do not support the revolution against the Assad regime – although they could hardly be called Assad supporters. Two years from now, they will commemorate the 100th anniversary of their Holocaust. I have met many survivors, all now dead. But the Turkish state, supporting the present revolution in Syria, will be memorialising its victory at Gallipoli that same year, a heroic battle in which Mustafa Kemal Ataturk saved his country from Allied occupation. Armenians also fought in that battle – in the uniform of the Turkish army, of course – but I will wager as many dollars as you want that they will not be remembered in 2015 by the Turkish state which was so soon to destroy their families.

I went to Gyumri to seek out what the city might be like 25 years after the earthquake. On December 7, 1988, I was a childgrowing up in a nondescript suburban street in Los Angeles. “We have to collect all our wool clothesand take them to the church,” Mom said, “ there has been an earthquake in Armenia.” Here now, 25 years later, the spirit of the 25,000 who perished is still palpable, still present. Yet, at the same time, woven into

the aftermath of the quake, another story seems to be evolving.

Gyumri Rising: Portrait of a City, 25 Years After the Earthquake

Sona Barseghian’s Outstanding Concert At The Höchster Town Hall - Germany

Here is what a Germen music critic wrote about Sona’s concert; “Sona Barseghian (24) from Yerevan, Armenia, is considered the biggest piano talent of her country. She is at present studying at the Kölner Music High School with Nina Tichman (64) to perfect her natural talent. On Sunday morning, piano enthusiasts from the region had a chance to hear this young talent at the Höchster historical Town Hall. An audience of music friends heard a high class piano recital. The Bach d-minor Chaconne, adapted by Feruccio Bussoni, Beethovens Sonate No. 31 Opus 110, Rachmaninov’s Prelude , Cesar Franks Prelude, Choral and Fuge. Each work could have been taken as the main piece for a recital. The programme had the degree of difficulty matching a tour de France with 4 strenuous tests of reaching the summit, which Sona Barseghian took with the greatest of ease. She filled the pieces with great sensitivity and expression, inspiring the au-

Talented mother with equally talented daughter. Director of the Aram Khachaturian Museum, pianist Armine Grigorian (left) with her daughter Sona Barseghian

dience of the Town Hall, who endowed her with frantic applause.” Sona Barseghian is a graduate of the Tchaikovsky Music School, Yerevan, Armenia. She had a number of appearances in Armenia and abroad (Russia, Lithuania, UAE, the USA, Poland, Italy, Belgium, Luxemburg, Belarus, Australia, Germany).


Nor Or Weekly - Thursday December 12, 2013

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Armenia-Turkey Border As Depicted On American and European Maps Of 1922-1925

The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute (AGMI) collection has been enriched by new cartographic materials issued in the first half of the 1920s, Public Radio of Armenia reports, quoting AGMI Press Service. The American, British and German cartographic materials are of utmost interest because they include the borders of the already declared Republic of Turkey. Based on those maps the Eastern border of the Turkey coincided with the one defined in the Arbitrary Decision of Woodrow Wilson (18561924). Those cartographic materials are the

Armenia Unveils Smartphone And Tablet

By GIORGI LOMSADZE, TAMADA TALES

Jumping on the make-your-ownnational-gadget bandwagon, Armenia has come up with a smartphone and a tablet computer of its own. Presented to the Armenian government on December 6, Armphone and Armtab are expected to hit stores after New Year's Day. As is often the case with such devices, Armphone and Armtab are only partly sovereign Armenian. Designed in Armenia, the devices run on an Android operating system and will be assembled in the US and Hong Kong. The creators – Technology and Science Dynamics/Armtab Technologies, described as an Armenian-American jointventure – say that they hope the low price will attract first regional (Georgia and Ukraine) and, eventually, international customers. The price of the 16-GB tablets will range from $225 to $280, Vahan Sahakian, the director of Technology and Science Dynamics/Armtab Technologies, told Armenpress. Sahakian presented Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian with a sample Armtablet at a government meeting, which then managed to segue from smart technologies to a discussion about Armenia's textile, knitting and shoe industries. How exactly the Armphone and Armtab will compete with better known brands remains an open question, but, for the Armenian government (which, in the past, has shown a marked preference for Apple products), the two gadgets must come as no surprise. Detailing the legacy of Armenia's Soviet-era computer industry, a recent report by the Ministry of Economy and the Enterprise Incubator Foundation, a technology-business promoter, stated that IT products accounted for 8.5 percent of the country's exports in 2010. Armenia is the second ex-Soviet republic after Russia to venture into the international smartphone market. Russia’s recently unveiled YotaPhone is scheduled to go on sale in European and Middle East markets early next year. But for landlocked, natural-resourcesfree Armenia, which is trying to reinvent its economy largely based on the export of metals and the inflow of foreign remittances, the stakes attached to this venture are higher by far.

best evidence that even after the sovietization of the Republic of Armenia and the declaration of the Republic of Turkey, the borderline between Armenia and Turkey

was the one defined by the American President in November 1920, which was not amended or voided by any international agreement thereafter.

Hurriyet Daily News: Davutoglu’s Yerevan Visit May Be Prelude For Normalization Talks Officials in Ankara have cautioned against high expectations for Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s upcoming visit to estranged neighbor Armenia, but indicated that there was a chance for “normalization” to follow in the future, the Hurriyet Daily News reported. Even if it does not yield any concrete outcomes, the trip will still mark a watershed, as it will be Davutoglu’s first visit to Yerevan since the failure of efforts to normalize ties four years ago. Turkish officials, speaking to the Hürriyet Daily News on Dec. 9, said it was still not clear whether Davutoğlu and his Armenian counterpart, Edward Nalbandian, would hold a bilateral meeting on the side-

lines of the BSEC gathering. “We are not going there with a specific proposal,” a senior Turkish diplomat told the Daily News, in an apparent reference to several news reports in the Turkish media suggesting that Turkey would offer a proposal to the Armenian side in exchange for reopening the border. “Furthermore, such a proposal would also be premature and wrong,” added the diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity. “However, if such a bilateral meeting takes place, we will explain our vision with regard to regional peace, including normalization of our bilateral relations. Then, the steps that could be taken may come on the scene,” he said.

Lebanon will issue commemorative stamps with the picture of the Genocide Monument to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. On Friday 6 December 2013, Nicolas Sahnawi, Lebanon’s Minister of Telecommunications visited His Holiness Aram I, the Catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia. During the visit, His Holiness spoke of the Genocide and explained the meaning of the monument erected in 1965 commemorating its 50th anniversary. Catholicos Aram I then expressed his gratitude to the people of Lebanon for their

solidarity at the time and proposed that the Ministry of Telecommunications issue commemorative stamps with the picture of the Genocide Monument. The Minister welcomed the proposal and promised to implement the project at the beginning of 2014.

Lebanon To Issue Commemorative Stamps On Armenian Genocide Centenary

Kerry To Fly Back To Israel As Palestinians Slam Security Proposals PanARMENIAN.Net - U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is to fly back to Israel just days after his last visit amid a Palestinian warning that his proposals on security would lead to "total failure," according to Agence France-Presse. Kerry will head to Israel on Wednesday, December 11 five days after he landed back from Jerusalem and after spending most of the weekend meeting in Washington with Israeli leaders.

Highland (California) Recognizes The Independence Of The Nagorno Karabakh Republic

On November 26, 2013, the Highland City Council, California, adopted a proclamation on establishing Sister City Relationships with the city of Berdzor, Kashatagh region, the Nagorno Karabakh Republic. Press service of Artsakh Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs about this. According to another proclamation of the City Council adopted earlier, Highland recognizes the independence of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and urges the President and Congress of the United States of America to support the self-determination and democratic independence of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and its constructive involvement with the international community՝s efforts to reach a just and lasting solution to security issues in that strategically important region.

Iran Ready To Start Building Railroad To Link It With Armenia Iran is ready to start building a railroad, which will link it with Armenia, Iranian mass media reported on Monday. “Tehran provided funding to build a 160-kilometre railroad,” local mass media quoted Iranian Ambassador in Yerevan Mohammad Raisi as saying on Monday. The price of the project is estimated at 2.8 billion U.S. dollars, experts say. Iran is considering a possibility to create a united railway, which will link it with Russia and China. The World Bank intended to take part in implementing the project.

International Human Rights Champion Nelson Mandela Dies

Official Yerevan...

Cont. from p.7

mitments, and shall repent before Armenians around the world. 2. Shall immediate open the Armenian-Turkish border, and establish diplomatic relations with Armenia. 3. Afterward, Turkey shall be able to come up with peacemaking efforts on NagornoKarabakh conflict settlement, and shall obtain the right to implementing public programs in the spheres of war rhetoric control, prevention of border incidents, withdrawal of snipers, and preparation of public for peace. It is assumed that during Davutoğlu’s visit to Yerevan, he would have the chance to inform Edward Nalbandian about the stance of the official Ankara regarding the roadmap proposed by Armenia.

Let us remember what Mandela said after 27 years of incarceration: "True reconciliation does not consist in merely forgetting the past." At Zoryan, we maintain that true peace can be achieved only if nations can talk to each other openly about their past. Therefore, we see education through the Common Body of Knowledge as one of the best ways to alleviate the tension between Turks and Armenians because it provides a basis of shared knowledge of their past that can counter generations of hostility and lead to mutual understanding and dialogue. May he rest in peace.


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A|NJAPU M<AKOUJA|IN MIOUJ:AN TAR:KAN YA<K:RO|J

MAFAXD |OWFANNHS SO{OMON:AN (’n;al ";trouar 25% 1922% Xaflh% Libanan)

Los Any;lesi A\njapzin;rou M,akouja\in Mioujiune auando\j oun;za‘ h kaxmak;rp;l tar;kan ,q;[ parafandhsn;r% i mi b;r;low a\njapzi fa\r;nakizn;re% oronz famar pat;f a®ij me ;[a‘ h w;r\i,;lou ir;nz fa\r;ni øya.e ;u tofmik k;nza[e% st;[‘;low mt;rmik mjnolort! W;r=in tarin;roun mhk ko[m dra‘ hinq ya,k;ro\j kaxmak;rp;lou ga[a'are! Warcoujiune ir w;r=in vo[owin oro,oum a®au w;rstin kaxmak;rp;l ya,k;ro\j me% our a\njapzin;r ;u bar;kamn;r miat;[ galow fay;li ;r;ko\ me anzn;n! Nkati a®n;low or w;r=in tarin;roun oro, jiuow m;r fa\r;nakizn;rhn Mi=in Ar;u;lqhn a\s a';re t;[a'o.oua‘ ;n& ,at;r% Sourio\ mh= t;[i oun;zo[ qa[aqaziakan pat;raxmin f;t;uanqow ir;nz k;anqe 'rk;lou npatakow apastan gta‘ ;n a\st;[% ir;nz ;tin jo[;low amhn oun;zoua‘q% or m;xi \i,;l kou ta\ m;r ‘no[n;roun b®ni t;[afanoume ir;nz darauor bnørranhn! A\s ];®narkow m;nq npatak ouninq m;r ;[ba\rakan ];®qe ;rkar;l dvouar kazouj;an matnoua‘ m;r fa\r;nakizn;roun% fogataroujiun zouzab;r;l ;u masamb j;j;uzn;l anonz mtafogoujiunn;re% incphs na;u xanonq ‘anøjazn;l n;rkan;roun! So\n ];®nakin% m;r warcoujiune piti patouh m;r fa\r;nakizn;rhn ;rkouqe% ousouzcakan asparhxhn n;rs ;rkaram;a\ ‘a®a\a‘% Tikin F;rminh ~;rman;ane% ;u fanra‘anøj ;rgi‘ankaric% Masis Ararat;ane! A\s ya,k;ro\je t;[i piti oun;na\ Kiraki% |ounouar 12% 2014-in% ;r;ko\;an vame 6-in% Kl;nt;\li Brandview Ballroom ,q;[ srafin mh=! T;[i piti oun;na\ g;[arou;stakan \a\tagir! Ke .ndroui na.ørøq apafowhq ];r t;[;re! Ya,k;ro\ji a®ncouj;amb f;t;u;zhq t;[akan mamouli mh= lo\s t;sno[ m;r ‘anouzoumn;roun kam f;®a]a\n;zhq& Prn& Au;tis T;miry;anin (818)783-7368 Tik& Ast[ik >any;anin (626)355-3897 Tik& Brla Gøjo\;anin (818) 548-8318!

Srti ja®n kski‘ow ke gouv;nq anaknkal mafe |owfannhs So[omon;ani% or pataf;zau Ourbaj D;kt;mb;r 6-in% 2013% Los Any;lesi mh=! |ou[arkauorouj;an ;u ja[man araro[oujiunn;re t;[i oun;zau Cor;q,abji D;kt;mb;r 11-in khsørh ;tq vame 3-in Hollywood Hills Forest Lawn Cemetery% y;rmak ;k;[;zuo\ mh=! Sgakirn;r^ A\rin^ Ana\is So[omon;an Xauakn;re^ Karø So[omon;an ;u xauakn;re Waxghn ;u Alis So[omon;an ;u xauakn;re |arouj So[omon;an ;u xauake^ |owik :[ba\re^ Ghorg ;u Fa\astan So[omon;an :[bør xauakn;re^ Mifran ;u <o[ik So[omon;an ;u xauakn;re |akob ;u <o[ik Gol;r;an ;u xauakn;re Mifran% Xaroufi ;u Marø So[omon;ann;r (Fa\astan) Qro= xauakn;re^ |akob ;u Sona Taghs;an ;u xauakn;re (Libanan) Tigran ;u <aqh Garaga,;an ;u xauakn;re S;drak ;u Maral Taghs;an ;u xauakn;re (Ganata) Au;tis ;u :ua Taghs;an ;u xauakn;re (Libanan) :rouand ;u Marø Vamkoc;an ;u xauakn;re (New York) Naxarhj Thr Wardan;an (Libanan) Nora\r ;u Sirward Thr Wardan;an ;u xauakn;re |owsh' ;u Garin Kanim;an ;u xauake ;u fama\n Kanim;an% Gax;x;an% :ousou`;an% M;lqon;an% ’atour;an% Thr Wardan;an ;u Ban;an entaniqn;r! "o.an ‘a[k;psaki ke .ndroui nouiratououjiunn;re katar;l Fa\astan;a\z A®aq;lakan :k;[;zuo\ A®a=nordaranin% Burbank% kam Ararat Tan% Mission Hills& *** O[baz;al enk;r |owfannhs So[omon;ani mafouan a®ijow% .orin zauakzoujiunn;r ke \a\tn;n entaniqin% xauakn;roun ;u faraxatn;roun!

C

ÂAK Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i <r=ana\in Warcoujiun ªNor Ørº <abajaj;rji Warcoujiun


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FBE MIOUJ:AN TAR:KAN KALA YA<K:RO|JE <ar& h= 5-hn

MIASNAKAM% FXØR :U FAM:RA<>&&& <ar& h= 1-hn

j;amb n,oume% Fa\-Jourq "rojoqoln;rou Fa\ Datin i wnas oun;za‘ bno\je% Fa\r;niqi apafowouj;an ;u tnt;sakan ayin n;zouk kangn;lou kar;uoroujiune% Fa\astan-S'iu®q 'o. \arab;roujiunn;re% Arza.i inqnoro,man irauounqe% paua.qi Fa\kakan patmakan fo[;roun wra\ apro[ fa\ouj;an irauounqn;re% ;u souriafa\ouj;an baxmajiu kariqn;roun fasn;lou ko[qin^ anor anwtangouj;an ;ra,.iqn;r apafow;lou kar;lioujiunn;re! :r;q Kousakzoujiunn;re a\s a®ijow fraparak;zin Miaz;al |a\tararoujiun!

MIAZ:AL |A|TARAROUJIUN

jiunn;re^ Famafa\kakan Fimnadrame% Miaz;al Fa\kakan Fimnadrame% Âamkawar Axatakan Kousakzoujiune% Fa\ |;[a'o.akan Da,nakzoujiune% Fa\ Osk;ricn;rou Mioujiune% Fa\ Irauabann;rou Mioujiune% Ararat Tounn ou Fa\ Waya®akann;rou Gras;n;ake! Isk øroua\ fowanauoro[n;rn hin Yory ;u Parpara A[axar;ann;re% Pa[tasar;an entaniqe% :rouand ;u M;lisa Thmiry;ann;re% Yhq Mounou,;an Fimnadrame% Waxrik ;u Alis Magar;ann;re% Fhri ;u <hrel Nayar;ann;re% Sinan ;u Anv;l Sinan;ann;rn ou J~ Ousoum-

nakan Fimnadramhn^ Yhri ;u Bajri,a Jrbany;ann;re! Fandisat;sn;re a®ije oun;zan dit;lou FBE Miouj;an ;ritasardakan ,arvoumn;re n;rka\azno[ wau;ragrakan t;sa;rix me^ patrastouj;amb "ijer Meserl;ani% isk ;r;kon m;‘aphs .andawa®;zin ;rgicn;r Ani Qrisjin ;u Arjiur |akob;ane (Mister X)! Pa,tønakan mashn ;tq frauir;aln;re ;rkar par;zin DJ <afani tramadra‘ fa\ jh øtar par;[anakn;rou st;[‘a‘ xouarj mjnolortin n;rq;u! I

Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100-am;aki s;min au;li qan ;rb;q anfrav;,t h miasnakan møt;zoumn;row ou famat;[ =anqow dimagrau;l Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an% Arza.i% +aua.qi ou S'iu®qi a®=;u ‘a®azo[ martafrauhrn;re! Koc k*ou[[;nq m;r vo[owourdin or 100-am;aki n,oume amhnour;q kataroui famafa\kakan taro[ouj;amb ou miaz;al na.a];®noujiunn;row! Vamanakn h or m;r qa[aqakan a,.atanqn;roun mh= bazoui pafan=atirouj;an nor h=^ yanacoumhn ou datapartoumhn andin! A\s ou[[ouj;amb fark h mhkt;[;l m;r anvamanz;li ;u ambo[=akan irauounqn;rou ];®qb;rman qa[aqakan ou ørinakan ;r;sn;rou ousoumnasiroujiunn;re ;u pafan=atirakan lizq tal FF P;takan |an]navo[owi na.a];®noujiunn;roun! Koc k*ou[[;nq FF i,.anoujiunn;roun^ liowin andrada®nalou fa\-jourq ar]anagroujiunn;rou kor‘anarar f;t;uanqn;roun% FF Axga\in Vo[owin^ ir ørakarghn miangamendmi,t fan;lou anor wau;razman farze ;u FF Na.agafin^ \;ts koc;lou ir storagroujiune! Fa\astani anwtangouj;an apafowoume% fon vo[owrdawarakan ou enk;ra\in ardar karg;rou fastatoume ;u m;r p;takanouj;an ‘a[koumn ou fxørazoume a®a=nakarg frama \akann;r ;n! A®au;l^ anfrav;,t h kas;zn;l fa\r;niqe datarko[ artaga[je ;u axgowin dimagrau;l a\d lour= wtange oro,aki ‘ragirn;row! Partinq na;u \atouk ja' tal Fa\astan-S'iu®q \arab;roujiunn;roun% xanonq dar]n;low mna\oun% lauaphs kargauoroua‘ ;u 'o.adar] faskazo[oujiunn;rou ou ,arounakakan m,akman miasnakan gor‘enjazi wra\ .ars.oua‘! Arza.i inqnoro,man irauounqin famar a,.arfow mhk taruo[ m;r qaroxcakan ou qa[aqakan pa\qare fark h endar]ak;l ,;,tadr;low^ L{Fi yanacoume ir 'astazi ;u safmanadrouj;amb amragroua‘ safmann;row! Na;u^ .jan fandisanal ®axmawarakan n,anakoujiun oun;zo[ famafa\kakan a\n bolor na.a];®noujiunn;roun% oronq ke mitin amrapnd;l Arza.i p;takanouj;an fim;re ;u apafow;l anor tnt;sakan xargazoume! +aua.qi paraga\in% anfrav;,t h axgowin n;zouk kangnil ir patmakan fo[;roun wra\ apro[ fa\ouj;an irauounqn;roun ;u ];®nark;l anor enk;ra-tnt;sakan irawiyaki bar;lauman qa\l;rou! S'iu®qafa\ouj;an paraga\in^ Fa\ Dati marxhn n;rs w;r=in tasnam;akn;rou kar;uor ];®qb;roumn;roun wra\ partinq .ars.;l pafan=atirouj;an j[ja‘rari ar‘ar‘oume! Ir s;'akan =anq;roun ko[qin S'iu®qe kariq ouni na;u FF p;takan foga‘ouj;an a®a= tan;lou famar fa\apafpanman ou fa\ak;rtman ir kar;uorago\n a®aq;loujiune! Isk oc dasakan S'iu®qi nor ];uauorouo[ ,r=ann;roun partinq fa[ord;l kaxmak;rp fauaqakan k;anqi faskakzo[oujiun ;u xanonq m[;l ‘ragroua‘ a,.atanqi! Souriafa\ouj;an apra‘ tagnape m;r bolorin tagnapn h! A\d k;nsounak ga[ouje famaxga\in ou,adrouj;an% gourgouranqi ou øvandakouj;an kixakhte ke mna\ ou piti ,arounakh mnal minc;u .a[a[ouj;an fastatoum ou ambo[=akan w;rakangnoum! Partinq m[;l o[= fa\oujiune orphsxi an souriafa\ouj;an baxmajiu kariqn;roun fasn;lou ko[qin^ yig ja'h anor anwtangouj;an ;ra,.iqn;r apafow;lou! Qa= ke gitakzinq% or fxør Fa\r;niq ou \an]na®ou S'iu®q% orphs xirar ambo[=azno[% xirar gøt;pndo[ ø[akn;r% miasnakan yig;row piti ,arounakabar w;rafastat;n a,.arfas'iu® fa\ouj;an mhk vo[owourd ellalou fangamanqe ;u m;‘ ou ambo[=akan Fa\astani k;rtoumi fauato\ fanganake! SOZ:AL D:MOKRAT FNCAK:AN KOUSAKZOUJIUN FA| |:{A"O>AKAN DA<NAKZOUJIUN ÂAMKAWAR AXATAKAN KOUSAKZOUJIUN Ph\rouj% 09 D;kt;mb;r 2013


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ªFA| S:{ANAUORN:Rº <ar& h= 11-hn

k;re% oronzmh ke parxoui ka\srouj;an tara‘qin fa\ ];®narkathr;rou gor‘a®nouj;anz endar]ak patk;re% ormh øgtoua‘ ;n oc mia\n ir;nq% a\l ambo[= ka\sroujiune% oronz mh= an,ou,t na;u jourq;re! Fa\ s;[anauorn;re m;‘ wstafoujiun wa\;la‘ ;n ka\srouj;an møt^ sks;low souljann;rhn% n;rqin ;u artaqin ,oukan;rou wra\% mi=axga\in tønawaya®n;roun% ;uropakan waya®akanakan ou ;l;umtiz ªpoursaºn;rou ;u kam a®;utrakan srafn;rou mh=! A,.arfagrakan tara‘qe fa\ tnt;sagitakan mtqi ke skshr owkianoshn ou ke w;r=anar owkianosow^ >a[a[akanhn Fndkaz ;u Atlant;ani a';re^ Amsj;rtam ou Manc;sjer! Mkrtic |& Poultouq;an famb;rouj;amb ou b‘a.ndrouj;amb ke n;rka\aznh gor‘a®nouj;anz bard famakarge% xor xargazouza‘ ;n fa\ s;[anauorn;re% incphs^ tokosow partq talou% wark banalou% stazakann;r 'o.anak;lou% ørinauor dramakan 'o.anzoumn;r katar;lou% p;touj;an ,af;re pa,tpan;lou (a\s paraga\in Øsman;an ka\srouj;an)% fark;re fauaq;lou ;u p;takan `inansakan wiyake a®o[= paf;lou gor‘a®noujiunn;re ;u fa,ou;k,i®n;re y,grtouj;amb n;rka\azn;lou yamban;re! A\l .øsqow ambo[= gitoujiun me ir ;xrabanouj;amb (terminology% fa\;rhn ;u øsman;rhn-jrq;rhn) xargazouza‘ ;n fa\ s;[anauorn;re& \i,;nq^ warkagir% 'o.anakagir% auanda®ouq% apranqi \an]na®o[chq% ;ua\ln! Girqe miavamanak spa®ic bazatroujiunn;r kou ta\ a®;utra-tnt;sakan-;l;umtiz gor‘;row xba[ouo[ .au;rou masin% incphs^ amiran;re% c;l;pin;re (,arvoun dramaglou.i thr)% .oyan;re ;u ouri,n;r! Girqin mh= t;[ gta‘ ;n na;u a\sphs kocoua‘ ªfa\ kapitalºi kar;uor ostann;rou masin kar;uor t;[;koujiunn;r% incpisiq ;[a‘ ;n Fin +ou[an% Nor +ou[an% Spafane% Kalkajan ;u \atkaphs Polise! ªFa\ kapitalºi ardiunauor ,afarkoume ;u ankh stazoua‘ niujatnt;sakan øgoutn;re ;jh \aya. gnafatoua‘ ;[a‘ ;n souljann;rou ko[mh% oronq a®at k;rpow ,qan,ann;rou arvanazouza‘ ;n ka\srouj;an fauatarim fa\ fpatakn;re% ;[a‘ ;n na;u bouj ou fama,.arfa\in ,ouka\i famakarghn ,at cfaskzo[ jourq 'a,an;r% m;‘afaroustn;r kam pa,tøn;an;r% oronq a®ije c;n 'a.zouza‘ souljani møt wataban;lou ;u kam xrpart;lou ªfa\ kapitalºi a®au;l acqi inko[ fa\ n;rka\azouzicn;re ;u souljani .orfrdatoun;re! Anonz acqe mnaza‘ h fa\ s;[anauorn;rou% gor‘ararn;rou ;u ardiunab;ro[n;rou \a=o[ gor‘a®nouj;anz wra\! F;-

t;uabar patafakan chin a\n .ist ko[optcakan mi=oza®oumn;re% oronz ,norfiu ªørhnqiº pitakin ou anounin tak% fa\ bnakcouj;an ambo[= jo[øne% ,arvakan ou an,arv oun;zoua‘qn;re% dramatoun;rou mh= gtnouo[ milionauor goumarn;re parxaphs \a',takou;zan A& Fama,.arfa\in Pat;raxmi tarin;roun ;u apa fanrap;touj;an ,r=anin! :#rb ;u i#nc mi=ozn;row piti fatouzouin a\s wnasn;re% oronq krnan jrilioni fasnil! F;[inake k*andrada®na\ na;u a\s kar;uor .ndrin% orphs fa\kakan pafan=atirouj;an \o\v kar;uor mi=oza®oum! O#w datarani a®=;u piti b;rh a\n patas.anatoun;re ;u anonz 'a®auor ko[opoutn;roun wra\ a®øq-'a®øq nsta‘ a\sørouan jourq;rn ou qiurt;re! O#r mi=axga\in a®;utrakan datarane piti b®nh \a',takicn;rou ø]iqhn ;u pafan=h fatouzoum! A\s nkata®oumow al f;[inake ;rb k*andrada®na\ grqin npatakin% parx ou mhkin k*esh& ªFarkauor h or fa\ nor s;rounde .or gitakzouj;amb ousoumnasirh jh incphs fa\oun dar;rou enjazqin koutaka‘ dramaglou.e \a',takou;zau% iurazou;zau 1915-1923 s;u tarin;roun% Øsman;an ka\srouj;an w;r=auorouj;an% axgi me ko[mh% or a\sør k*ourana\ ir gor‘a‘ anmardka\in ararqeº! (H= 21-22) N;rka\azouo[ fratarakoujiune ouni a[biuragitakan kar;uor n,anakoujiun! ª|au;loua‘º bavnin mh= troua‘ ;n fa\;rou ko[mh fimnoua‘ `inansn;rn ou `inansistn;rou zanke% ];®narkathr;rou anounn;rn ou gor‘ounhoujiune ;u fa\ amiran;rou zouzake! F;[inake \atouk b‘a.ndrouj;amb toua‘ h na;u libananafa\ anouani ou \a=o[a‘ s;[anauorn;rou ;u drama'o.n;rou zanke^ fakiry t;[;koujiunn;r talow anonz masin! M& |& Poultouq;an ir fratarakouj;an mh= x;t;[a‘ h na;u ar.iua\in kar;uor niuj;r% anz;ali gor‘a®noujiunn;rou nmo\,n;r! An t;[ toua‘ h na;u z;[aspanouj;an enjazqin ou anor \a=orda‘ tarin;roun fa\ vo[owourdi kra‘ anfa,ou;li niujakan ou kaloua‘a\in wnasn;rou masin groua‘ P;tros Thr Majos;ani The Taboo within the Taboo. The Fate of 'Armenian Capital' at the End of the Ottoman Empire a,.atasirouj;an% oroun mh= ke m;rkazoui jourqakan \a=ordakan ka®awaroujiunn;rou ;u jourq dramathr;rou ;u ];®nadkathr;rou auaxakoujiune! M;r a®a=arkoujiune piti ellar so\n girqe fama,.arfa\in fanrouj;an matc;li dar]n;lou npatakow jargman;l qani me l;xoun;rou% n;ra®;al na;u jrq;rhni!

JATRON-JANGARAN :XAKI ’RAGRI&&& <ar& h= 6-hn

a®a=in famagor‘akzoujiune arv;uorou;z liowin! L;'-l;zoun srafi fiur;re arzounqn acq;rin embo,.noum hin fa\ .øsqn ou fa\kakan ;rav,toujiune! Fam;rgi niujakan faso\je øgtagor‘ou;lou hr CASPS-i ‘ragr;ri famar! Apa 'o.adrou;zinq ªJonathan Clubº^ m;‘ar;lou an]anz% oronq ªam;rik;an bnawa\ri fa\kakan owasisin^ ir;nz isk ];®q;row ka®ouza‘ m,ako\ji tane 'ara‘% a\d fasarakouj;an .yankare ambo[=azouza‘º nouir;aln;r hin^ bvi,kn;r Naxarhj ;u Ani Taragy;ann;re! Stor;u n;rka\aznoum ;nq ;r;kon% ori fiurenkaln;rn hin Andranik ;u Fa\koufi Joros;ann;re! ªLarqºi ,r=anauartn;r +;nin ;u Alhne |aroujiun;an-Baba=an;an ;rkou da,namourn;ri famar groua‘ ªRhapsodyºow katar;zin ;r;ko\i bazoume! O[=o\ni .øsqow n;rka\azau kaxmak;rpic \an]na.mbi at;nap;t Wafik Ba[dasar;anse% ore frauir;z w;rapatou;li |owsh' Majos;anin^ ørfn;lou s;[ann;re! :r;ko\i patouo\ na.agaf Qarl J;rx;ane% ow ir baxmajiu gor‘;row ‘anøj n;rka\oujiun h oc fa\kakan ,r=anakn;roum% a®a=in angam n;rka\anoum hr fa\kakan nouirafauaq ;u tpauoroujiune m;‘ hr! Na o[=oun;z ;r;ko\i endfanour mjnolorte% patouo\ fiur;ri n;rka\oujiune% fastat;z% jh inc h n,anakoum gnafatanqe fama\nqa\in k;anqoum ;u katar;z ir ditarkoumn;re! Apa b;m frauiru;z 2013 taroua\ ,r=anauart Alhn Di,igrik;ane! Na fandhs ;kau srti .øsqow ;u ir da,namoura\in ;lo\je ]øn;z m;‘ar;aln;rin! ªDili=anº s;n;ka\in fam;rga,ari g;[arou;stakan [;kawar Mowshs Pø[os;ane ir \arganqi matouzoume katar;z Naxarhj ;u Ani Taragy;ann;rin% owq;r a\s fam;rga,ari fimnadir [;kawarn;rn ;n! +oujakafar Mowshs Pø[os;ane n;rka\azau ir entan;kan qa®;akow^ kno=% dst;r ;u ordou f;t% Mozarti ;u Komitasi gor‘;row% ;u tou;z ir srti .øsqe! Møt;noum hin øroua\ f;rosn;ri m;‘arman wa\rk;ann;re! Zouzadrou;z Taragy;ann;ri bnakaranoum ka\aza‘ xro\z-fandipman t;sa;rixe! Apa ;lo\j oun;zau enk;rakzouj;an fimnadir tnørhn Wach Parsoum;ane! Na ir .øsqoum nkaragr;z patououo[ bar;kamn;ri f;t ir oun;za‘ kape ;ritasardoujiuniz minc;u a\s nor ,r=ane^ nor entaniqoum% or kocuoum h ªLarqº! :u lau yanac;low Naxo\in ;u Aniin^ katar;z ir ;xrakazoujiune& ªQristonhakan dastiarakoujiune mardous mh= ke ko'h baro\akanouj;an skxbounqn;r& ;jh fastatoua‘ h% mh=d ;n a\d skxbounqn;re% our;mn minc;u ast[;re qonn h ti;x;rqeº! W;r=aphs øroua\ fiurenkal% Larq enk;rakzouj;an gor‘adir marmni n;rka\ at;nap;t An-

dranik Joros;ane% ir ou[;r]e katar;louz \;to\% b;m frauir;z so\n ,qan,anin a®a=in angam arvanaza‘ na.ord taroua\ m;‘ar;aln;r thr ;u tikin Vira\r Drbany;ann;rin! Apa b;m bar]razan bvi,kn;r Naxarhj ;u Ani Taragy;ann;re% ;u nranz \an]nou;z a\s taroua\ ªS& N;rshs <norfaliº osk;a\ m;dale! <qan,ani imastn h patou;l an]anz% owq;r oun;n ørinak;li k;anq% \a=o[ ;n ir;nz masnagitakan olortoum% jikounq ;n ªLarqºin ;u a\n dr;l ;n ir;nz g‘i mh=! <norfakalakan .øsq;r 'o.anz;zin Taragy;ann;re% ansowor famar;low patouou;lou ;r;uo\je% saka\n bvi,k Naxøn \a\tarar;z% or na ke dimana\ amhn t;saki ª.a\ta®akouj;anº mia\n% ;jh da ªLarqºi famar h! Fandisoujiune w;r= gtau A,ot Qarjal;ani m,aka‘ Wagn;r;an `anjaxiow^ or no\n da,namouri wra\% m;rj irar 'o.arin;low% m;rj miavamanak% katar;zin ;rav,tanozi ;øj dasatoun;r! :r;ko\i endfanour tramadroujiune fasounaz;l hr \a\tarar;lou famar øroua\ \a\tnoujiune& Larq ;rav,takan enk;rakzoujiune% Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100-am;akin enda®a=^ ‘ragr;l h jatron-jangarani ka®ouzoum! Na.agi‘e n;rka\azr;z Andranik Joros;ane% orn hr ar.iua\in farstoujiunn;ri miat;[oume jangaranoum% fam;rga\in dafliyi n;rka\oujiune^ ;lo\jn;ri% dasa.øsoujiunn;ri% zouzafandhsn;ri famar! Og;uoroujiune m;‘ hr% ;u fanganakou;z 400 faxar dolariz au;li goumar! Nouiratoun;ri anouanazanke ;u dasakargoume ke fraparakou;n a®an]in! :xra'akic .øsqe 'o.anz;z irauaban Karø {axar;ane^ ,;,t;low m,ako\ji% manauand ;rav,takan m,ako\ji kar;uoroujiune m;r k;anqoum! Na bar]r gnafat;z ªLarqºi a,.atanqn;re ;u frauir;z bolorin% orphsxi n;zouk kangn;n Enk;rakzouj;an apaga\ ‘a[kmane% masnauorabar% a®a=adroua‘ nor ‘ragrin% st;[‘;lou k;ntron^ øvtoua‘ kataro[akan \armaroujiunn;row ;u jangaranow! :r;ko\i famar stazou;l hin ;rkou nouhrn;r& nkaric Arjour Sargs;ane nouir;l hr ir pasta®n;riz mhke% isk Simon G& Osk;rcakan k;ntrone^ osk;a\ adamandakou® wxnoz% oronq bavin enkan øroua\ ba.tauorn;rin! N;rkan;rin tramadrou;z ªLarqºi nor lo\s t;sa‘ tar;girqe! Ou a\sphs^ ªbaro\akanouj;an ørhnqe^ srtoum% ast[axard ;rkinqe gl.aw;r;uoumº% Larqe ,arounakoum h ir stan]na‘^ axga\in va®angouj;an pafpanman a®aq;loujiune% dranq arv;uoro[ s;rndi patrastoume ;u a\d farstoujiune nranz 'o.anz;lou sourb ;u nouirakan partakanoujiune! @


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panouj;an me patmoujiune a\d t;sakhthn ke spa®na\ a\d ªm;na,norf;alº kazouj;an! Faka®ak or jourq-isra\hl;an \arab;roujiunn;re n;rka\is j,namakan tramadroujiunn;row ke \atkan,ouin Ma\is 2010 jouakani ªMaui Marmaraº nauou dhpqhn ;tq% Isra\hl ke xgou,ana\ fakadrou;lh Jourqio\^ Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an farzow% a\n \o\sow or ;rkko[mani \arab;roujiunn;re krnan ør me krkin bnakanon da®nal na.kin xinakizin f;t! Minc a\d Isra\hl;an ,r=anakn;r parb;rabar frauhr k*ou[[;n Jourqio\ ir \arab;roujiunn;re bar;lau;lou Isra\hli f;t% \i,;zn;low or møt;zo[ Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an 100 am;aki n,oumi kapakzouj;amb Isra\hl krna\ ir jrqamht dirqe 'o.;l&&&! A\s kapakzouj;amb Isra\hli mh= Jourq Frhan;rou kaxmak;rpouj;an na.agaf Xali Th Jolhto\i axdararoujiune% or lo\s t;sau jrqakan angliagir ªJouth\ Xamanº j;rjin mh= 24 Fokt;mb;r 2013 jouakanin% inqnin .øsoun h! ªNkati a®n;low or 2015 jouakane ke møt;na\% na.entr;li h or Jourqia ,outow bnakanon dar]nh ir \arab;roujiunn;re Isra\hli f;tº k*esouhr a\d \a\tararouj;an mh=% \stak dar]n;low or Isra\hl faka®ak paraga\in krna\ yancnal Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an paragan! *** {axiri orboufin;rou ];®qow fiusoua‘ gorgi fraparaka\in zouzadrouj;an =n=oume angam me ;us zo\z kou ta\ jh Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an pa,tønakan yanacoume ar;umt;an a,.arfi karg me ;rkirn;rou ko[mh orqa@n pa\manauoroua‘ h a\s ;rkirn;rou Jourqio\ f;t oun;za‘ qa[aqakan% tnt;sakan ;u a®;utrakan nkata®oumn;rhn ;u jh anonq orqan kamowin .oul ke ];uanan Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an pafan=qn;roun nkatmamb% ;rb ir;nz ªaxga\in ,af;reº .ndro\ a®arka\ ke da®nan! Parx h or Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an farzow a\s axd;zik .oumbe \ama® k;rpow .oul ke ];uana\% ;u ke ,arounakh .oul ];uanal .ousa';lou famar ir baro\akan patas.anatououjiunn;rhn! F;t;uabar% farz h jh a\spisi paragan;roun incph#s kar;li h fa\ouj;an fa[ordakzil .oumbi me f;t \ousazoua‘ ardiunqi me fasn;lou famar! W;rada®nalow patmaban Mi,hl-Rol` Jrou\ho\i t;soujiunn;roun% parx ke da®na\ or Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an farzow xanaxan d;rakatarn;r ‘ragr;al ou[;gi‘i me wra\ fimnoua‘ ke 'or];n ir;nz fakak,®in ;njark;l patmakan 'ast;rou m;knabanoujiune! Saka\n a\spisi a,.atanq me w;r= i w;r=o\ datapartoua‘ h ]a.o[ouj;an f;t;u;al patya®n;row! A& Ar;umt;an ;rkirn;rou ka®awaroujiunn;re% Am;rika\i Miaz;al Nafangn;rhn minc;u Anglia% ~ransa ;u ouri,n;r lauaphs t;[;ak ;n 20-rd darou skixbin fa\ vo[owourdi patafa‘ a[htin ;u .ndro\ a®arka\ ;rkirn;rou p;takan ;u pa,tønakan ar.iun;re a\d ou[[ouj;amb faroust a[biurn;r ke bowandak;n! Ørinaki famar% Am;rik;an P;takan Qartou[arouj;an ar.iun;roun mh= ke gtnoui krknørinake a\n f;®agir axdararagrin% xor Am;rika\i Miaz;al Nafangn;rou .o[owakow Anglio\% ~ransa\i ;u Âousastani ka®awaroujiunn;re 29 Ma\is 1915-in \[a‘ ;n Øsman;an I,.anoujiunn;roun^ enjazqi mh= ;[o[ z;[aspanakan =ard;re ªmardkouj;an ;u qa[aqakrjouj;an dhm kataroua‘ oyir meº orak;low! Xanaxan t;[;katououjiunn;r% akanat;si wka\oujiunn;r ;u fratarakoua‘ pa,tønakan t;[;kagirn;r% oronq ar]anagra‘ ;n katarouo[ z;[aspanakan ararqn;re% anwiy;li a[biurn;r ke fandisanan! B& Am;rik;an ;u mi=axga\in mamoule qa=a‘anøj h Fa\oz Z;[aspanakan =ard;rou bno\jin ;u taro[ouj;an masin! Ardar;u% mi=axga\in mamoule la\nørhn andradar]a‘ h a\s farz;roun 19151916 tarin;roun! "ast;re ke w.tan! Ørinaki famar% Fiusisa\in Am;rika\i Fa\ Dati |an]na.oumbe i mi b;r;low Ganatakan øraj;rj;rou a\d ,r=anin mh= lo\s t;sa‘ t;[;kagroujiunn;re frataraka‘ h xanonq 1985 jouakanin The Armenian Genocide in the Canadian Press .oragrin tak! W;r=;rs Ph\roujhn Ør& Qajia Minas "hljhq;an ;rkou fatorn;rou mh= ;u The Times of the Armenian Genocide in the British Press, 1914-1923 .oragrin tak frataraka‘ h kojo[a\in bno\j oun;zo[ a,.atoujiun me% or faxarh au;li niuj;r ke par'akh Angliakan mamouli mh= a\d jouakann;roun lo\s t;sa‘ \ødoua‘n;rh% incphs na;u pa,tønakan ;u oc pa,tønakan t;[;kagrakan niuj;rh% oronq vamanakin angliakan fanra\in kar‘iqi a®=;u ke parxhin fa\kakan nafangn;rou mh= kataroua‘ z;[aspanakan =ard;re! No\nphs% mi=axga\in mamouli ;u a\l ;rkirn;rou 1915-i z;[aspanakan =ard;re la\n t;[ graua‘ ;n .ndro\ a®arka\ ;rkirn;rou k;anqin mh= ou apaga\ banashrn;roun ke mna\ xanonq qow qowi b;r;l ;u fratarak;l ibr;u patmakan ;u y,grit a[biurn;r! G& W;r=in tarin;roun ja' a®a‘ ;n fa\ ou øtar f;[inakn;rou patmagitakan a,.atanqn;re ;u tasn;akn;row ousoumnasiroujiunn;r fratarakoua‘ ;n zard% baza\a\t;low Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an ‘alq;re! Iuraqanciur fratarakoujiun Fa\oz Z;[aspanagitouj;an ousoumnasiroujiune \a®a= ke tani n,anakaliz k;rpow! D& W;r=in tasnam;akn;roun la\n ‘aual staza‘ ;n na;u fa\ kaxmak;rpoujiunn;rou lopiakan a,.atanqn;ee xanaxan ;rkirn;rh n;rs% t;[akan qa[aqakan o\v;rou [;kawaroujiune lousaban;lou Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an farzow% orphsxi anonq al ir;nz kargin kar;nan est a\nm dirqoro,ouil ;u ko[mnoro,ouil! Orqan or t;[akan

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farz;rou ;u qa[aqakan k;anqi mh= m;r oun;za‘ axd;zoujiunn;re ke xarganan ou ke fimnauorouin a\nqan au;li \a=o[ak piti ellan na;u lopiakan a,.atanqn;rou ardiunqn;re! Jourqia lauaphs ke gitakzi jh 1915-i z;[aspanouj;an møt;zo[ 100-am;aki daradar]in a®ijow a,.arfi amhn ko[m;rhn ar]agangn;r piti lsouin 20-rd darou a®a=in z;[aspanouj;an masin! An;rkba\ h or mi=axga\in mamouln ou akad;makan ,r=anakn;re piti andrada®nan angam me ;us Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an pndoumn;roun masin% ou fauanakan h or amhn ko[mh \ødoua‘n;r% ousoumnasiroujiunn;r% ];®narkn;r% fraparaka\in fandhsn;r ;u fauaqo\jn;r a\s farzin wra\ k;dronazn;n krkin a,.arfi fanra\in kar‘iqi ou,adroujiune! F;t;uabar% Jourqia ke =ana\ fimakouenh Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an farzi kapakzouj;amb fraparake grau;l ;u o[o[;l ir qaroxcakan bolor mi=ozn;row^ chxoqaxn;lou kam anhazn;lou famar fa\kakan ,r=anakn;rou or;uh na.a];®noujiun or krna\ fimnakan wnas me faszn;l ir ,af;roun! F;t;uabar% bnau xarmanalou ch or Jourqia ibr;u fakaxd;zoujiun krna\ anaknkaln;r ªparg;u;ºl m;xi ir oun;za‘ mi=ozn;rou ;u fastata‘ kap;roun ,norfiu! Møt;zo[ 100-am;aki kapakzouj;amb kaska‘ ci ka\ or m;r akad;makan% gitakan ;u qaroxcakan a,.atanqn;re phtq h f;t;uo[akan k;rpow ,arounak;l amhn marx;rh n;rs% a\s angam au;li masnagitakan .o*rqow% ka®o\zo*w ;u bno\jo*w! Saka\n a\d a,.atanqn;re bauarar c;n a\s ªbardº kazoujiunn;row \atkan,oua‘ qa[aqakan iro[oujiunn;rou a,.arfin mh= ardarouj;an ;u y,martouj;an \a[janake apafow;l patmoujiune .;[ajiuro[ ;u xa\n l®ouj;an matn;l 'or]o[ kar;uor ouv;rou m;[sakzouj;an patya®ow! I#nc phtq h en;l takauin! Ph#tq h endounil fastatoua‘ kazoujiune ;u famak;rpil m;xi partadroua‘ kazouj;an! D;®;us m;r m,aka‘ ;u gor‘adrouj;an dra‘ qaroxcakan% gitakan ;u akad;makan ®axmawarouj;anz ko[qin vamanake ;ka‘ h or mta‘;nq na;u a\l ou[ii ;u kam ou[in;rou masin% oronq .orqow% mas,ta'ow ;u bowandakouj;amb ‘ragra\in nor ou[[ouj;an me krnan a®a=nord;l m;x! Ou[[oujiun me% or ir taro[ouj;amb oc mia\n krna\ xarmazn;l ou tpauor;l mi=axga\in fanra\in kar‘iqe% a\l;u ir ;xaki na.a];®nouj;amb krna\ patya® ellal fastatoua‘ 'o. \arab;roujiunn;rou fimnakan \;[a,r=oumin! Ardar;u% kar;li ch endounil or Fa\ Dati kapakzouj;amb \auit;ans \auit;niz m;xi partadroua‘ kargousarqin g;rin mnanq ou m;xi partadroua‘ irakan ;u kam ;r;uaka\akan arg;lqn;roun xofe da®nanq! A\laphs m;r qa[aqakan ,r=apate piti 'or]h m;xi partadr;l ir na.asiroujiunn;roun famenkno[ lou‘oumn;r ;u kam 'oqr xi=oumn;row piti 'or]h Fa\ Dati pafan=atirakan ]a\ne l®ouj;an datapart;l! Oua,inkjen

ªHURRIYET DAILY NEWSº ANQARAN&&& <ar& h= 1-hn

N,;nq% or Tauoujø[loun :r;uan k*a\z;lh D;kt;mb;r 12-in! Jourqio\ artgor‘na.arare D;kt;mb;ri 5-i ;r;ko\;an Qi;ui mh= \a\tarara‘ hr% or frauhr h staza‘ Fa\astanhn ou ke patrastoui vaman;l Fa\astan^ S;u‘ow;an Tnt;sakan Famagor‘akzouj;an Kaxmak;rpouj;an >orfourdi nistin masnakz;lou npatakow!

|:TMAFOU ANMAFOUJIUN <ar& h= 11-hn

.øsq;row% kis;zin ir;nz jank fandipoumn;ri \ou,;re! Ifarkh mia\n \ob;l;ann;ri a®ijow ch% or \i,oum ;nq m;r m;‘;rin% saka\n \ob;l;ane mi=oz h ;us mhk angam gnafat;lou% fanragoumari b;r;lou gro[i k;anqn ou gor‘e% andrada®nalou a\n anza‘ yanaparfin% ori wkan ou akanat;sn ;nq ;[;l na;u m;nq^ nra vamanakakizn;re ;u nra acq;row% nra anfangist houj;amb% nra srtow ;u ta[andow arv;uor;l m;r apra‘ k;anqe% na;u^ a'sosanqow% or ankatar mnazin gro[i ,at ‘ragr;r! ’ragr;r% or vamanaki f;t au;li piti lrana\in% fasounana\in ;u axniu ptou[n;r ta\in! Our;mn^ orqan ,q;[ gor‘;r piti st;[‘hr Wardghs P;tros;ane d;®&&& A\nouam;na\niu% inc hl or faszr;z jo[n;l m;x^ arvani h% or .oraphs ousoumnasir;nq% gnafat;nq% m;r \i,o[ouj;amb ;u a,.atanqow lrazn;nq nra capra‘ tarin;re!

ªOura. ;m% or \i,oum ;nq m;r m;‘;rin& \i,;le baro \akanoujiun h& ow \i,;l cgiti na baro\akanoujiuniz xourk h! Oura.ali h% or m;nq d;® oun;nq a\d baro\akan skxbounqeº! P;ry X;\jounz;an ªAxgº 2013 Our;mn sir;li Wardghs% anka. \ob;l;ann;riz% iskakan gro[in \i,oum ;n% orowf;t;u staz;l ;n m;‘;ri das;re! Ixour ci ;[;l nranz st;[‘agor‘akan w;r;lqn;rn ou ta®apagin ankoumn;re! M;‘;ri jo[a‘ patgamn;row% va®angouj;amb dastiarakuoum ;n% gnafatoum ;u \i,oum ;n! |i,oum ;n% our;mn apr;znoum ;n a\nqan% orqan go\oujiun k*oun;na\ m;r grakanoujiunn ou m,ako\je% orqan go\oujiun k*oun;na\ Qo vo[owourde! Qo apra‘ tarin;ri fa,ouarkn a\suf;t;u m;r \i,o[ouj;an vamanakn h% qo \;tmafou Anmafoujiune&&&!


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NOR ØR% D:KT:MB:R 12% 2013

~OUJPOL

AUARTOU:Z FF AÂA+NOUJ:AN A<NANA|IN <R+ANE 14-rd mrza'oulow auartou;z FF `oujpoli bar]rago\n .mbi a®a=nouj;an a®a=in khse! Jim;re gnoum ;n ar]akourdi! M;nq ];x ke n;rka\azn;nq jim;ri \a=ord khsin patrastou;lou ;u a\s khsi \a=o[oujiunn;ri nouayoumn;ri ;u an\a=o[oujiunn;ri% jim;ri .ndirn;ri f;t! • A®a=ine ke .øs;nq a®a=atari^ :r;uani ªAraratiº masin! Jime ar]akourdi h m;knoum ;rkrord t;[oum gtnouo[ ª<irakiº nkatmamb oun;za‘ 8 miauori tarb;rouj;amb! Jime^ gl.auor marxic Abrafam >a,man;ani [;kawarouj;amb% sksa‘ anz;al tarouaniz% m;‘ a®a=enjaz h oun;z;l! |i,;zn;nq% or anz;al tari ;rb >a,man;ane stan]n;z jimi [;kawaroujiune% jime an\ousaliørhn gtnuoum hr w;r=in t;[oum! Nra gl.auorouj;amb jime karo[azau .o\s tal w;r=in t;[iz% isk a\s tari ,arounak;z w;r;lqe! M;r jimoum ckan ª<irakiº \ar]akouo[ S;rv D;blhi nman anfatakan bar]r warp;toujiun oun;zo[ `oujpolistn;r% ba\z da m;x stipoum h au;li jima\in `oujpol .a[al! M;r \ar]akouo[ Ghorg N®an;ane% S;rv D;blhi f;t dar]au a®a=in ,r=ani lauago\n ®mbarkoun^ .';low 9 kol! ªGhorge w;r=in .a[;roum ir;n fianali h drs;uoroum ;u m;r .a[a\in famakargi kar;uorago\n `oujpolistn;riz mhkn hº%- n,oum h gl.auor marxice! A®a=noujiunoum \a\tararoua‘ endmi=man vamanak ,at a,.atanq oun;nq katar;lou! Anpa\man nor;kn;r ke lin;n! M;r paf;sta\inn;ri nstarane kary h ;u nor `oujpolistn;r ;n farkauor% orphsxi karo[ananq pafpan;l minc;u a\vm fasa‘ makardake ;u mi ban hl au;liin fasn;l! ªA\n% or FF fauaqakani `oujpolistn;r Wal;ri Al;qsan;ann ou Ghorg Kasparown a\vm axat .a[azo[i kargawiyak oun;n% ;s t;[;ak chi% a\o% ifarkh k*ouxhi% or nranq famalrhin m;r jimi kaxme% orqan ;s git;m nranq a®a=naf;rjoujiune talis ;n artasafman;an akoumbn;roum .a[alou tarb;rakin! Ir;nz m;r jim frauir;lou famar farkauor h a®a=in f;rjin nranz zankoujiune% ;jh da lini% ;r=anik ke lin;m a\d .a[azo[n;rin t;sn;l ªAraratoumºº& as;l h >a,man;ane! Inc w;rab;roum h jimiz f;®azo[ `oujpolistn;rin% apa ]mrane m;x ke lq;n Andranik Sargs;ann ou Tigran {araba[z;ane! Andranike zankoujiun ouni t;[a'o.ou;l a\l akoumb! Na lau `oujpolist ;u fianali mard h! {araba[z;ann auartoum h `oujpolisti gor‘ounhoujiune ;u am;na\n fauanakanouj;amb ke mna\ akoumbi ;njaka®ouzoua‘qoum ;u or;uh pa,tøn ke xba[;zni! Kan ;us ;rkou `oujpolistn;r% oronq no\nphs ke f;®anan ªAraratizº! • FF bar]rago\n .mbi 14-rd mrza'ouloum a®a=nouj;an nor;k Martounii ªAla,k;rteº mrzakzi \arki tak .o,or^ 0-7 fa,ouow xi=;z ªBananzinº ;u a®a=nouj;an a®a=in khsn auart;z w;r=in^ 8-rd t;[oum! Akoumbi na.agaf Bagrat Nauo\;ane Armsport.am-i f;t xro\zoum n,;z or ªBananziº f;t mrzawhyoum granzoua‘ ardiunqe akoumboum .ouyap ci a®a=azr;l! ªZankanoum ;m \a\tn;l% or ªAla,k;rtº akoumboum tiroum h fianali mjnolort! Gl.auor marxic Armhn Giulbouda[;anzi a®=;u .ndir h droua‘ a®a=noujiunoum grau;l bar]r førixonakan! Bnakanabar% a®a=in ;rkou t;[;roum \a\tnou;lou masin ch .øsqe% saka\n kar‘oum ;m mrzanakakir karo[ ;nq da®nal! }m;®a\in trans`;ra\in patoufani enjazqoum jime famalrou;lou h mi ,arq nor

MARXAKAN

LOUR:R

AU:TIS BA|RAM:AN

`oujpolistn;row ;u ouv;[azoua‘ kaxmow h n;rka\analou ;rkrord fatoua‘in! Apazouz;lou ,at ban oun;nqº%- asaz Nauo\;ane! |ounouarin nor marxicn;row nor ªAla,k;rt2º jim h ];uauorou;lou ;u .ndir h drou;lou noriz pa\qar;l a®a=in t;[i famar!

12 MARXICN:R PRØ ARTØNAGR:R STAZAN ~oujoli akad;mia\oum F~D-i na.agaf Âou bhn Fa\rap;t;ane marxcakan PRØ kargi artønagr;r \an]n;z 12 fa\ marxicn;ri Wardan Minas;anin% Âa`a\hl Naxar;anin% Sourhn Ca.al;anin% Waraxdat Au;tis;anin% Wardan Bica.c;anin% S;uata Arxouman;anin% Abrafam >a,man;anin% A,ot Au;tis;anin% A,ot Bars;[;anin% Armhn Sanam;anin% Alb;rt Sa`ar;anin ;u Slawa Gabrihl;anin! <norfauor;low marxicn;rin F~D-i na.agafe miavamanak n,;z% or nranziz khse marxcoujiuniz f;®ou h ;u ,norfakaloujiun \a\tn;z ~l;ming S;rizl;uin% orn a\s ambo[= vamanakafatoua‘oum m;‘ n;rdroum oun;zau PRØ kargi artønagr;ri famar dasenjazqn;r kaxmak;rp;lou ;u marxicn;rin famapatas.an git;liqn;row apafow;lou famar! ªA\sør m;r fauaqakane couni gl.auor marxic% ba\z fanroujiune ];xaniz oc mhki j;kna‘oujiune ci qnnarkoum a\d pa,tøne xba[;zn;lou famar! Kar‘oum ;m% or da ];r m;[auoroujiunn hº%- as;l h na.agafe!

KA|AZAU A<>ARFI GAUAJI >A{ARKOUJ:AN :XRA"AKIC "OULI WIYAKAFANOUJIUNE D;kt;mb;ri 6-in Praxilia\oum ka\azau 2014-i ;xra'akici wiyakafanoujiune! 32 jim;r ba,.ou;zin 8 .mb;ri mi=;u! Afa a\d .mb;re& >oumb A& Praxilia% >orwajia% M;qsiqa% Qam;roun! >oumb B& Ispania% Folandia% Cili% Australia! >oumb G& Qoloumpia% |ounastan% "[oskria A'% Ya'onia! >oumb D& Ourougoua\% Qosja Âiqa% Anglia% Italia! >oumb :& <ouh\zaria% Hqouator% ~ransia% Fondouras! >oumb X& Arvanjin% Posnia ;u F;rz;kowia% Iran% Niy;ria! >oumb H& G;rmania% "orjougalia% Kana% AMN! >oumb H& P;lyiqa% Alvir% Âousastan% Faraua\in Qorha!

C:>:RE NOIAY:ZIN DH|WISI GAUAJE C;.ia\i fauaqakane nouay;z Dh\wisi gauaje^ No\;mb;ri 17-in P;lgradoum 3-2 fa,ouow \a[j;low da,ti thr;rin^ S;rpia\i entranoun! Wy®akan m;namartoum Âadik <t;pan;ke 6-3% 6-1% 6-1 fa,ouow \aj;z Dou,an La\owicin! S;rp;rin 2 miauor parg;u;z Nowak +okowice% ow 7-5% 6-1% 6-4 fa,ouow \a[j;z Âad;k <t;pan;kin ;u 6-4% 7-5% 6-2 fa,ouow^ Joma, B;rdi.in! Xouga.a[oum Joma, B;rdi. Âad;k <t;pan;k xo\ge 6-2% 6-4% 7-6 fa,ouow \a[j;z

s;rpiakan xo\gin! Dou,an La\owice partou;z na;u Joma, B;rdi.in! C;.ia\i fauaqakane Dh\wisi gauaje nouay;z 2-rd angam anendmh=! 2012-in C;.ian ;xra'akicoum \a[j;l hr Ispania\i entranoun!

<A>MATA|IN >YANKAR • Anjalia\oum auartou;z ,a.mati a,.arfi jima\in a®a=noujiune% oroum FF fauaqakane an\a=o[ fandhs ;kau! M;r ,a.matistn;rin oc mia\n c\a=o[ou;z pafpan;l a,.arfi a.o\;ani tit[ose% a\l;u mrzanakakir da®nal! Pronxh m;taln;rin arvananalou famar FF fauaqakanin w;r=in 9-rd mrza'ouloum anfrav;,t hr \a[j;l ouqraniazin;rin! Saka\n \a=o[oujiune ;r;s hr j;q;l m;r ,a.matistn;riz% oronq partou;zin 1&5-2&5 fa,ouow ;u 10 miauorow xba[;zrin 5-rd t;[e! A.o\;an dar]au ÂD-i fauaqakane% ore 2&5-1&5 fa,ouow a®au;louj;an fasau ;giptazin;ri nkatmamb% ®ousn;re wastak;zin 15 miauor! |a=ord t;[;roum ;n Cinastanin% Ouqrania\i^ 14-akan% AMN-i^ 10% Folandia\i^ 9% G;rmania\i^ 8% Atrph\yani^ 7% Jourqia\i^ 3 ;u :giptosi^ 0 (miauor) fauaqakann;re! N,;nq% or ÂD-i fauaqakani gl.auor marxicn hr m;r fa\r;nakiz :ouri Do.o\;ane! Isk L;uon Aron;ane 1-in ta.taki wra\ ;u Warouvan |akob;ane (AMN) 5-rd ta.taki wra\ zo\z toua‘ lauago\n ardiunqi famar parg;uatrou;zin oskh m;taln;row! End oroum L;uone 8 fnarauoriz wastak;z 6 miauor mnalow anpart;li! L;uone \a[j;z Nakamoura\in% Li Cao\in% Ipatowin% Giriin% oc-oqi .a[az Kramniki% Mam;dowi% Mh\;ri ;u Iwancouki f;t! • A,.arfi ouv;[ago\n dprozakann;ri masnakzouj;amb Praxilia\oum auartoua‘ ªGimnasidh-2013º marxakan .a[;roum fa\ patani ,a.matist Manouhl P;tros;ann a®a=in oskh m;taln h nouay;l FF-i famar! • Mi=axga\in warp;t Mf;r |owfannis;ane (FF) P;lyiqa\i L\ow;n qa[aqoum anzkazoua‘ baz a®a=noujiunoum 7 fnarauoriz wastak;z 5&5 miauor ;u 105 masnakizn;ri mh= grau;z 2-rd t;[e! Na mia\n khs miauorow ;t mnaz mi=axga\in warp;t Sjiw;n +h\n;riz (P;lyiqa)! • L;uon Babou=;ane Fndkastani X;nna\ qa[aqoum anzkazoua‘ baz mrza,aroum 11 fnarauoriz wastak;z 7&5 miauor ;u 114 masnakizn;ri mh= grau;z 8-rd t;[e! Samouhl Thr-Safak;ane wastak;z 7% |owik Fa\rap;t;ane ;u Karina Fambar]oumowan^ 6&5-akan miauor! 9 miauorow mrza,ari \a[jo[ dar]au ~ID:-i warp;t Cijanbaram Arauinde (Fndkastan)! • :urolika\i I .mbi mrza,aroum Ma.ackala\i ªAnvinº 1-1 .a[az molotowakan ª<;ri`iº f;t! ªAnvinº% ori kaxmoum fandhs ;kau FF fauaqakani kisapa,tpan Ka®l;n Mkrtc;ane% wastak;z 8 miauor ;u anka. w;r=in mrza'ouli fandipoumn;ri ardiunqn;riz apafow;z ;rkrord t;[e .mboum ;u ke ,arounaki pa\qare! • Karaganda\i ª<a.t\oreº% ori kaxmoum fandhs h galis FF fauaqakani kisapa,tpan Ghorg {axar;ane :urolika\i L& .mbi f;rjakan^ 5-rd mrza'ouloum ir da,toum 0-2 fa,ouow partou;z .mbi a®a=atar PAØK-in ;u dours mnaz \;taga\ pa\qariz! I dhp Ghorg {axar;ane 2 tarow ;rkara]g;z ir pa\managire ª<a.t\orºi f;t!


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