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In summary: There may be a reason to question to the anticipated outcome that the Youth Olympic Games have had a significant effect on sports in general and on volunteering in the country as a whole. It is essential that NIF in the ­aftermath uses the enthusiasm that has been generated in some quarters to ­intensify its focus on the Ungdomsløftet initiative for it to have any effect.

Discussion 2: There is a difference between younger and older volunteers It will be especially interesting to look at the youngest age group (i.e. the volunteers under 30 years of age), since they can provide information about participation in the future (Aars, Nordbø, Wollebæk & Christensen, 2011). Of these young people, 65% are female and, in the group of 30–50, the gender distribution is in practice 1:1, while among the volunteers over 50 years of age, 66% are male. This is compatible with theory and previous research. It turns out that the people who volunteer at an early age are more likely to participate later in life. Among the young men, there was a new trend compared to previous findings (Wollebæk & Sivesind, 2010). They take a break from volunteering between their late teens and mid-thirties. This may be one of the reasons why there are more women among the younger volunteers. One question that arises when considering the different age groups is whether this can be explained as a phase of life or a generational issue. If it is a phase of life explanation, it means that young people are going to change when enter their next phase of life, 30–50 years, and become similar to them. Generational explanations are based on the fact that certain characteristics of the age group are formed early and persist throughout all phases of life. The question is whether ageing women will resemble the youth of today as they age or whether the new generation are going to behave differently. We just have to wait to find out. It will become crucial to establish whether age differences are generation-conditioned or whether they are conditioned by the phases of life. The biggest difference between the youngest and the oldest group of volunteers is that young people are thinking more about what is good for them than about what serves the community. An attempt to understand modern volunteering is to distinguish between what is called individual or reflexive and collective volunteering (Hustinx & Lammertyn, 2003). For example, young people want the volunteer position for their CV. Older volunteers, on the other hand, put the community first, which is often called collectivism. The collective group of volunteers is often governed by internal motives. The members of sports organisations work voluntarily because they take responsibility for the organisation (Hustinx & Lammertyn, 2003). In Figure 1 there were only two statements that the older volunteers scored higher on than the young people, and that was “As a volunteer I can contribute

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PART 7

Profile for Norges idrettshøgskole

Report: Volunteering at the Winter Youth Olympic Games Lillehammer 2016  

Report: Volunteering at the Winter Youth Olympic Games Lillehammer 2016