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highest score with 5.17, an increase of 4.2 compared to 18 months before the Games. The volunteers were not as convinced as employees when it came to how determined the Youth Olympic Games was, and gave it a score of 4.20. The Youth Olympic Games were intended to be awesome & humble. We have been told that the LYOGOC steering group posed the following standard question when various measures were discussed: “Is this awesome enough?” The employees must have felt that they increased awesomeness in the process. From 3.53 in September, the average score was 4.91 in February 2016. The volunteers gave the value 4.44. The volunteers and the employees totally agreed on the degree of humbleness (4.47 and 4.48).

Section affiliation and roles We will briefly explain what the volunteers worked with in Tables 9 and 10. Table 9: The location where the volunteers worked most of their time during the Youth ­Olympic Games 2016.

Competition venue Non-competition venue The Task Force Total

≤ 29 years % (n) 47.5 (395) 43.9 (365) 8.7 (72) 100.0 (832)

30-50 years % (n) 60.3 (242) 35.7 (143) 4.0 (16) 100.0 (401)

≥ 51 years % (n) 54.5 (254) 40.1 (187) 5.4 (25) 100.0 (466)

Overall % (n) 52.4 (891) 40.9 (695) 6.7 (113) 100.0 (1.699)

First and foremost, the overview shows that an event like the Youth Olympic Games is complex. Although it is about sports, just half of the volunteers worked at a sports arena during the Games in 2016. Examples of non-sports arenas are the Olympic Village, Sjoggfest, the IOC hotel and transportation. In Table 10 we see that the 30–50 age group differs from the other two by having a larger proportion involved in a sports arena. If we control for gender, the pattern is the same among women, while there are only minor differences among men. Young people made up the biggest proportion in the “efforts group” or the task force. Volunteers in this group were not put into a separate section from the beginning, but they were a part of the workforce, which was available any time when needed. Table 10: Characterisation of tasks among those who worked at a competition venue.

Related to competition Related to service Other Total

≤ 29 years % (n) 40.5 (160) 35.7 (141) 23.8 (94) 100.0 (395)

30-50 years % (n) 49.4 (119) 30.7 (74) 19.9 (48) 100.0 (241)

≥ 51 years % (n) 49.0 (124) 29.2 (74) 21.7 (55) 100.0 (253)

% 45.3 32.5 22.2 100.0

Alle (n) (403) (289) (197) (889)

Not all volunteers who worked at a sports arena were directly involved in the implementation of the competitions. In Table 10 we asked how they would characterise their schedule. There are no big differences in age, but there are in

The experience 

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Profile for Norges idrettshøgskole

Report: Volunteering at the Winter Youth Olympic Games Lillehammer 2016  

Report: Volunteering at the Winter Youth Olympic Games Lillehammer 2016