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FING<ABJI% MART 7% 2013

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013 91 TARI% JIU 10 VOLUME 91, NO. 10

FA|ASTANI NA>AGAF S:RV SARGS:ANE <NORFAUORAKAN OU{:R} H |{:L DIUANAGHTI ØROUA| KAPAKZOUJ:AMB

ª|arg;li diuanaghtn;r% <norfauoroum ;m ];x Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an diuanaghti øroua\ kapakzouj;amb! A\s øre fa\ vo[owrdi famar patmakan n,anakoujiun ouni% qanxi ir anka.oujiune w;rakangna‘ Fa\astani Fanrap;toujiune 21 tari a®a= andamakz;z Miauoroua‘ Axg;ri Kaxmak;rpouj;ane^ da®nalow mi=axga\in fanrouj;an liirau

andam% irakanazn;low m;r a,.arfas'iu® vo[owrdi mi qani s;roundn;ri anka. Fa\r;niq oun;nalou nouirakan i[]e! A\sør m;r a®=;u ‘a®aza‘ a,.arfaqa[aqakan martafrauhrn;re \a[jafar;lou ou[[ouj;amb Fa\astani Fanrap;toujiune waroum h \stak ørakargow% m;r ;rkri ;u vo[owrdi ,afi gitakzman wra\ fimnoua‘ artaqin qa[aqakanoujiun! Fa\astann artaqin a,.arfi famar fandhs h galis ibr;u wstaf;li ;u kan.at;s;li gor‘enk;r! Fa\ vo[owrdi famar g;raka\ n,anakoujiun oun;zo[ .ndirn;ri lou‘man gor‘oum m;r diuanagitouj;an d;re \iraui m;‘ h ou kar;uor! F;t;uabar% ørinaca'ørhn m;‘ ;n aknkaliqn;rn ou pafan=n;re m;r diuanaghtn;<ar& h= 4

MOSKOUA|I QA{AQAP:TARANE JO|L CH TOUA’ ATRPH|YANZIN:ROUN >O+ALOUIN NOUIROUA’ ZO|Z KATAR:L Moskoua\i qa[aqap;tarane bazasakan patas.an toua‘ h Atrph\yana-frhakan bar;kamouj;an enk;rakzouj;ane >o=alouin nouiroua‘ zo\z katar;lou w;rab;r;al dimoumin! A\d masin ªAPAº-i j[jakzin Moskoua\i mh= \a\tna‘ h w;ron,;al enk;rakzoujiune! Zo\ze ke na.at;souhr katar;l Mart 3-in! Orphs m;rvman patya® n,oua‘ h% or nman zo\zi kataroume fauasaraxør k*ella\ Atrph\yani Âousio\ n;rqin gor‘;roun mi=amt;loun!

GRIGOR GARAKHØX:AN FBEM-I <R+ANAKA|IN WARCOUJ:AN AT:NAP:T FBEM-i k;dronakan gras;n;ake ke \a\tararh jh Tiar Grigor Garakhøx;an% Los Any;lesi Shn ~;rnantø fowithn% n,anakoua‘ h Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i <r=anaka\in Warcouj;an at;nap;t% 'o.arin;low tiar Fa\k Mserl;ane! Garakhøx;ani pa,tønhouj;an ,r=ane ke sksi ;rkou tarouan ,r=anow me% |ounouar 1% 2013 jouakanhn sks;al! Grigor Garakhøx;an andamakza‘ h FBEM-in% Ph\rouji mh=% Libanan% ir ;ritasard tariqin% wara‘ ;u [;kawara‘ h FBEM-i skaoutakan ,arvoumn;r Libanani ;u Miaz;al Nafangn;rou mh=! Wara‘ h Asp;tn;rou 'o.-at;nap;ti ;u a\l [;kawari pa,tønn;r ;u ‘a®a\a‘ h na;u^ fa\ axga\in fasarakakan marx;rou mh=! An ;[a‘ h fimnadire FBEM-i Gali`ornio\ ,r=anaki skaoutakan ,arvoumi! Grigor Garakhøx;ani warcakan kaxmin mh= ;n Jomik Al;qsan;an^ 'o. at;nap;t% Au;tis Margar;an^ gan]apaf% Alin :j;r;an^ qartou[aroufi% Youlia Aki,;an% Aram Akin;an% Fhrri Pal;an% B;niamin Carc;an% Silwa Naxarhj;an ;u Grigor Simon;an^ orphs .orfrdakann;r! ÂAK Ar;umt;an Am;rika\i <r=ana\in Warcoujiune \a=o[oujiun ke ma[jh Grigor Garakhøx;anin ;u ir warcakan andamakaxmin ir;nz stan]na‘ axga\in nouirakan partakanoujiunn;roun famar!

S:RV SARGS:ANIN OU{:R} |{A’ H ØPAMAN S;rv Sargs;anin na.agaf w;rentrou;lou kapakzouj;amb ,norfauorakan ou[;r] \[a‘ h AMN na.agaf Paraq Øpaman! ª|arg;li* paron Na.agaf% Ke zankanam ,norfauor;l };x Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an na.agafi pa,tønin w;rentrou;lou kapakzouj;amb! K*aknkal;m% or m;nq piti ,arounak;nq m;r famat;[ a,.atanqe% qani or m;nq ;rkouqs al ke sksinq m;r pa,tønawarman ;rkrord ,r=ane! <arvou;low a®a=^ ke zankana\i <ar& h= 4

FA|ASTANI MØT M:’N BRITANIO| D:SPAN& ªM:NQ ENDFANOUR M<AKOUJA|IN A<>ARFI MASN :NQº A®a=in angam ;s Fa\astan a\z;la‘ ;m møt 20 tari a®a=% ;u in] mi,t al diur ;ka‘ h ];r ;rkire! NEWS.am_i j[jakzi f;t xro\zi enjazqin esau Fa\astani møt Miaz;al Jagauorouj;an d;span Yonajan H\wse! ªA®a=in angam ;s Fa\astan ;[a‘ ;n 1991j-in ;u amhn angam norhn a\z;l;lou zankoujiun oun;za‘ ;m! Inc-or a®an]na\atouk ban me ka\ fnago\n patmouj;an% m,ako\ji% incphs na;u fa\ vo[owourdi vamanakakiz k;anqin mi=;u! In‘i famar irakanouj;an mh= fayo\q h gtnouil a\st;[º% n,;z britanazi diuanaghte! H\wsi .øsqow^ faka®ak% or Fa\astane ke gtnoui :uropa\i mius ‘a\rin% mi;uno\n h% ;uropakan ;rkir h! ªM;nq endfanour m,akouja\in a,.arfi masn ;nqº% ;xra'ak;z Yonajan H\wse!

MOSKOUA|I GL>AUOR ÂABBIN HRTO{ANIN |I<:ZOUZA’ H FA|OZ Z:{ASPANOUJ:AN CYANCZOUA’ ELLALOU MASIN Moskoua\i gl.auor Âabbi% :uropa\i Âabbin;rou >orfourdi na.agaf ";n.as Gold,midte Jourqio\ warcap;ti w;r=in \a\tararoujiune famara‘ h fakas;mijixmi drs;uoroum ;u \i,;zouza‘ a\n masin% or Jourqian minc ørs ch yancza‘ Fa\oz Z;[aspanoujiune! Jourqio\ warcap;t Â;=hp Hrto[ane sionixme fam;mata‘ hr `a,ixmi f;t% a\n famar;low ª\anzagor‘oujiun mardkouj;an dhmº% inc-or dvgofouj;an aliq

a®a=azouza‘ h o[= a,.arfi mh=! Gold,midte Hrto[ani \a\tararoujiune bnoujagra‘ h orphs ªtght \ar]akoum frhakan vo[owrdi wra\º! ªA\d f;gnakan m;knabanoujiunn;re c;n anznir fa\ a\n entaniqn;rou ko[qow% oronz na.nin;re spannoua‘ ;n Z;[aspanouj;an vamanak& \anzagor‘oujiun% or minc;u a\sør yanczoua‘ ch Jourqio\ ka®awarouj;an ko[mhº% esa‘ h Gold,midte!

OC :US H FIUKØ CAUHX W;n;xouhlla\i 58 am;a\ na.agaf^ Fiukø Cauhx% ;rkar vamanak tarap;lh ;tq qa[zk;[ow^ mafkanazoun knq;z Mart 5-in! Cauhxi mafe znza‘ h W;n;xouhllan! |i,;zn;nq% or W;n;xouhlla\i mh= ;øjnør;a\ soug \a\tararoua‘ h!


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NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013

>MBAGRAKAN

FA|ASTANI NA>AGAFAKAN ENTROUJIUNN:RHN :TQ Fimnoua‘ 1922-in (~r;xnø) Established 1922 (in Fresno) PA<TØNAJ:RJ MIAZ:AL NAFANGN:ROU ÂAMKAWAR AXATAKAN KOUSAKZOUJ:AN AR:UMT:AN <R+ANI An ADL Publication PATAS>ANATOU >MBAGIR^

|akob Martiros;an >MBAGRAKAN KAXM^

Dokt& Minas Goya\;an Sargis |& Minas;an Frac S;';jy;an >acik Yano\;an MARXAKAN BAVUN^

Au;tis Ba\ram;an WARCAKAN KAXM^

Toqj& Âa``i Pal;an Ghorg Grigor;an Karø Giu'hl;an Andranik A`ar;an |owik :øxkajl;an >mbagroujiun

F;®& (626)296-2921 F;®atip (626)296-2922 E- Mail: nor-or@sbcglobal.net Dauan;low ®amkawarakan skxbounqn;r% ke fauatanq baxmakar‘ouj;an ;u axat .øsqi irauounqi% f;t;uabar% fraparakoua‘ groujiunn;re anpa\man c;n arta\a\t;r .mbagrouj;ans t;sakhte! Kamqh anka. patya®n;row sprda‘ wripakn;rou famar k*apauininq m;r a,.atakizn;roun ;u enj;rzo[n;roun n;ro[amtouj;an! Nor Or Weekly is published weekly, except two weeks in AUGUST Nor Or Publishing Association, Inc. 1901 N. Allen Ave., Altadena, CA 91001 Annual Subscription rates: As of June 1st, 2007 U.S.A. 2nd Class: West Coast $75

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91-AM:AK 1922-2013

A\s tari% ";trouari 18-in% fa\r;niqin mh= t;[i oun;zan na.agafakan entroujiunn;r% oroun ardiunqow w;rentrou;zau na.agaf S;rv Sargs;ane qouharkoun;rou 58 a® fariur tokos ]a\n;row! Ka\in na;u a\l 6 j;kna‘oun;r oronzmh mia\n mhke% Âa``i |owfannis;ane karo[azau 36 tokos fauaq;l! A\vm entroujiunn;re auarta‘ ;n ;u S;rv Sargs;ane pa,tøpaphs wau;razoua‘ h orphs Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an na.agaf% fa\astani p;touj;an fastatoumow ;u a,.arfi xanaxan m;‘ ou 'oqr p;toujiunn;rou ,norfauoranqn;row! Fa\astani mh=% saka\n kar‘hq jh entroujiunn;re c;n auarta‘! Bo[oqi amhnør;a\ ;lo\jn;r ;u zo\z;r t;[i k∞oun;nan a\nt;[% xanaxan \a\tararoujiunn;row ;u fauaqn;row! Fa\ vo[owourde ch mo®za‘ takauin 5 tari a®a=% Mart 1in t;[i oun;za‘ zo\z;roun ariunali f;t;uanqn;re% oronq or;uh drakan ardiunqi cfasan% bazi ;rkri andorri .angarman ;u laroua‘ouj;an st;[‘man vo[owourdi fatoua‘n;rou mh=! Paf me n;rka\ kazoujiune m;xi mta‘;l kou ta\% ard;ø#q a\s tarouan zouzararn;re ke frafr;n no\n kazouj;an st;[‘oume! Cka\ or;uh anfat or kar;na\ gofazoum tal na.^ inqn ir an]in% apa ir entaniqin% ,r=apatin% kaxmak;rpouj;an% i,.anouj;an kam [;kawarouj;an% no\nisk ;jh an [;kawari dirqi wra\ ke gtnoui! K∞es;n jh a,.ato[e mia\n ke s.ali% isk ca,.ato[e ke mna\ amoul% aknkalo[% qnnadat! Oc oq krna\ g;rgnafat;l S;rv Sargs;ane ir anz;ali 5 tarin;roun katara‘ a,a.atanqin famar orphs Fa\astani na.agaf! Fama]a\n kam m;rvo[akan dirqi mh= gtnou;zau fa\ vo[owourde ir a®a‘ oro,oumn;roun fandhp% saka\n fa\r;niqe fska\akan ostoumn;r ar]anagr;z bar;kargoumn;rou% 'o'o.oujiunn;rou ;u manauand artaqin ;u n;rqin qa[aqakan% tnt;sakan% marxakan ;u enk;ra\in marx;rou mh=! F;,tørhn krnanq qnnadat;l xinq% fa\r;niqe ckar;nal w;ra‘;lou famar vo[owrdawar% inqnabau% fxør ;u mi=axga\in m;‘ throuj;an fauasar ;rkir% ir pa,tønhouj;an anz;ali 5 tarin;roun enjazqin!

Ba\z o#r ;rkri [;kaware karo[aza‘ h irakanazn;l a\d minc;u a\sør! F;®auor fa\;azq me n;t;low Fa\astani anka.ouj;an a®a=in ørouenh sks;al kataroua‘ 'o'o.oujiunn;roun wra\% fam;matabar iuraqanciur na.agafi pa,tønhouj;an ,r=ann;roun% ,at f;,tørhn kar;li h n,;l mhk a® mhk bolor olortn;rou mh= ar]anagroua‘ \a®a=dimoujiunn;re% ;u xanonq joua\in nvari zouzaki wra\ kar;li h dn;l anonz xargazman sand[akan tarb;roujiune t;sn;lou ;u ba[dat;lou famar% ;jh f;taqrqroua‘ ;n ,at;re imanalou a\n! A\sør^ fa\ s'iu®qe ,at au;li f;taqrqroua‘ h fa\r;niqi w;rakangnoumi ‘ragirn;row ;u anonz f;®ankarn;row% a\nt;[ st;[‘oua‘ 'o.adar] wstafouj;an ;u gor‘akzouj;an fimq;rou wra\! A\sør^ fa\r;ni vo[owourdin mta‘;lak;rpe 'o.oua‘ h aknkaloumh dhpi 'o.adar] gor‘akzoujiun ;u a,.atakzoujiun% a®ij en‘a\;low fa\r;niqi k;rtman fa\r;niqi ;u s'iu®qi miafamou® o\v;row! Na.agaf Sargs;an qa= iraxhk h fa\ vo[owourdi mhn mi masniki% kaxmak;rpouj;an kam kousakzouj;an mtafogoujiunn;roun ;u anonz a®a=adra‘ k;nsakan .ndirn;roun masin! Anor fa\r;nasirakan ogin ci krnar c\ousadr;l fa\ vo[owourde dhpi apafow apaga\% ;jh coun;na\ fa\r;niqi apafowouj;an ;u vo[owourdi k;nsakan a®a=arkn;rou ;u pafan=qn;ou irakanazman npatak% or an;rkba\ørhn krnanq fastat;l ir pa,tønhouj;an anz;ali 5 tarin;roun enjazqin kataroua‘ bar;kargoumn;rn ou bar;'o.oumn;roun% i t;s% oronq .jan fandisazan fa\ vo[owourdi a\n masnikin% or entr;z kam n;zouk k;zau S;rv Sargs;ani w;rentrouj;an! Isk anonq oronq piti ,norfauorhin xinq% ;jh w;rentrouhr% partin ir;nz .øsqe \arg;l ;u endounil ;[;loujiune a®anz t;[i talou ªgarounn;rouº moutqin fa\r;ni ;rkrin mh=% ;u w;r= talow ant;[i ou anøgout zo\z;roun% oronzmh mia\n m;r j,namin;re piti øgtouin! Vamanakn h .;lafasørhn fasnil npataki iragor‘man!

WASTAKA<AT DIUANAGHTN OU PATMABANE (NOUIRUOUM H YON KIRAKOS:ANI |I<ATAKIN) "RO~& AU:TIS "A"AX:AN Patmakan Gitoujiunn;ri Dokt& "ro`& Yon Kirakos;ane (1929-1985) oc mia\n an.on= diuanaght hr ;u Fa\ Dati pa,tpan% a\l;u ta[andauor patmaban ;u fraparaka.øs! Ir diuanagitakan a,.atanqin xougenjaz na ;rkar tarin;r xba[ou;l h na;u gitaf;taxøtakan ;u dasa.øsakan a,.atanqn;row! Nra grcin ;n patkanoum mi ,arq ‘anrak,i® m;nagroujiunn;r ;u baxmajiu fraparaka.øsakan \ødoua‘n;r% nouiroua‘ fa\ vo[owrdi norago\n ,r=ani patmouj;an! ª:ritjourq;re Patmouj;an Datastani A®a=º .oragrow grqi a®a=in ;u ;rkrord fatorn;roum a\l kar;uor farzadroumn;ri xougenjaz baza\a\t;l h Aptoul Famit :rkrordi fa\afala‘ qa[aqakanoujiune% nra ko[miz 1894-1896 jj& kaxmak;rpoua‘ fa\;ri kotora‘n;re Sasounoum ;u a\lour! A\nouf;t;u

.øsuoum h jh incph#s famajourqixmi qa[aqakanouj;amb taroua‘ ;ritjourq;re Jourqian n;rqa,;zin A®a=in Fama,.arfa\in Pat;raxmi \or]anoute ;u incph#s kaxmak;rp;zin ar;umtafa\ouj;an frh,auor z;[aspanoujiune! N,;nq na;u% or ;rkrord fatoroum 'astagrakan faroust niuj;ri fiman wra\ kang h a®;l 1919-1920 jj& K& Polsoum t;[i oun;za‘ ;ritjourq;ri datawarouj;an wra\ ;u zo\z tou;l nranz katara‘ ‘anrago\n \anzagor‘oujiune Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an .ndroum! |;taga\oum nra diuanagitakan ;u patmagitakan b;[oun gor‘ounhoujiune ,arounak;z ordin Dokt& "ro`& Arman Kirakos;ane! |a\tni h% or mi tasnam;ak a®a=% orin Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an Am;rika\i Miaz;al Nafangn;roum artakarg liaxør

d;span hr! A\sør hl ;®andagin ,arounakoum h ir diuanagitakan ;u patmagitakan gor‘ounhoujiune! |atkaphs na xba[uoum h fa\ vo[owrdi norago\n ,r=ani patmouj;an kny®ot farz;ri lousabanouj;an f;taxøtoujiunn;row! "ro`& Arman Kirakos;ane w;r=in tarin;rin fratarak;l h tarb;r l;xoun;row baxmajiu \ødoua‘n;r ;u grq;r fa\kakan farzi ;u fa\;ri z;[aspanouj;an w;rab;r;al <ar& h= 11


THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013

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AXGA|NAKANOUJ:AN "O>AK:RPOUME (Transformation of Nationalism) MARGAR :SA|:AN Fa\kakan ‘agoumow jourq fraparakagir ou lragro[ Margar :sa\;an ir na.nakan ousoume staza‘ h ªPomonjºi fa\ kajo[ikh na.akrjaranin mh=! <r=anauart ellalh ;tq ªK;dronakanº warvaranhn% k*anzni famalsaran% wka\ou;low 1955-in Business Administration–i mh=! 1997-hn sks;al ke sksi a,.atakzil ªAkøsº ,abajaj;rjin% our 2001-hn sks;al \ødoua‘n;r storagra‘ h ªN;[ Dou®º siunakin tak! Lo\s t;sa‘ ir a®a=in whpe^ ªN;rka\i N;[ S;n;akeº (Simdinin Dar Odasi) arvanaza‘ h ªInkilab Kitabiº grakan m;‘ mrzanakin! 2007-in frataraka‘ h ir ;rkrord whpe^ ªFandipoumºe (Karsilasma)!

Margar :sa\;an a\vm k*a,.atakzi ªTarafº j;rjin% ou vamanakauor k;rpow ke warh anor .mbagrap;ti pa,tøne! N;rka\ \ødoua‘e lo\s t;sa‘ h ªToday's Zamanº j;rjin mh=% 20 ";truar% 2013-in! Anor ke f;t;ui jargmano[in kary m;knoujiune! ’& >mb&

Jourqio\ Fanrap;takan Kousakzouj;an w;z zouzani,n;rhn (ªarrowsº) mhke axga\nakanoujiunn h (nationalism)! Anor iura\atkoujiune ke ka\ana\ axg ba®i safmanoumin mh=! Axga\nakanoujiun me% or ambo[=owin fimnoua‘ h jrqakan z;[a.øsakanouj;an (ethnicity) wra\% pafan=q dn;low or oc-jourq;r mianan anor kamauoraphs% kam^ b®nouj;amb! ªJourqº kam ªjrqakaneº bnakan j;ladrakanoujiun me couni! Jrqoujiune ]a.o[a‘ h inqxinq partadr;lou ibr;u g;r-inqnoujiun me (supra-identity)! Jhakan pa\man h jourq ellale% ba\z na;u .ist kar;uor h or anor kapoua‘ ella\ a,.arfakanoujiune (apakrønoujiune-secularism)% incphs na;u^ siunni-p;takanouj;an tarax me! A\s w;r=in npatakin famar fastatoua‘ hr Krønakan Gor‘;rou T;scoujiun me% miavamanak argil;low krønakan .oumb;rou kam fama\nqn;rou gor‘ounhoujiunn;re% nor krønqe (siunni) i xørou dar]n;lou famar! Mhk .øsqow% jrqoujiune safmanoua‘ hr q;malakan axga\nakanouj;amb% or a®a=nord;z baxmajiu o[b;rgouj;anz fasarakakan a\laxan .mbauoroumn;rou møt! Nman au;ric ou bazar]akatirakan axga\nakanoujiun me mi,t ;njadra‘ h% jh ;rkrin w;ro\i,;al .mbauoroumn;re kar;li h 'o.ak;rp;l enk;ra\in yartarouj;amb! Oro, \a=o[oujiun al ar]anagrou;zau a\s ou[[ouj;amb! Saka\n ;rkou m;‘ .mbauoroumn;r^ Siunnin;r ou Qiurt;r zard enddimaza‘ ;n a\s ]ouloumin! A\s patya®ow% n;rka\is i,.anouj;an glou.e gtnouo[ Ardaroujiun ou Xargazoum (AK) incphs na;u^ >a[a[oujiun ou Vo[owrdawaroujiun (BK) kousakzoujiunn;re bnakan da,nakizn;r ;n^ patrastouj;an mh= ;[o[ bar;'o.;al safmanadrouj;an me famar! Irakanouj;an mh=% \i,;al ;rkou kousakzoujiunn;re a,.atanqi l‘oua‘ ;n bar;'o.;lou famar ;rkire! Anonq m;‘aphs piti ,afin a\s 'o'o.ouj;nhn% ;u anonq xøroujiunn ounin xa\n irakanazn;lou! Q;malisjn;rou qandic axga\nakanoujiune oc mia\n farz;r st;[‘;z% a\l arg;lq fandisazau ardhn a®ka\ .ndirn;roun lou‘oum me gtn;lou! Anonq ,afagor‘;zin krønqe% ou vamanak a®au \a\tnab;r;lou famar farz;re% incphs na;u^ qiurt;rou ;u qriston;a\ 'oqramasnouj;anz xofarkoujiune (victimization)! J;r;us% ";trouar 28% 1997-i p;takan faroua‘e% or ibr;u jira. ounhr islamn;re% patya® dar]au or sja'in anonq! A\s fangrouanin h% or Ardaroujiun ou Xargazoum Kousakzoujiune ];®narka‘ h qnnadatouj;ane anz;alin% ;u oro,a‘ h fast gi‘ me qa,;l Q;malakan i,.anawarouj;an ;u ir mi=;u% ou kap fastat;l arta,.arfin f;t! Irakanouj;an mh= nman k;zoua‘q me fakasouj;an mh= ch islamakan arvhqn;roun f;t& a*\s h or islamn;re k*aknkal;n bnakanørhn irakanazn;l! N;rka\is% lour= ,r=an me ke bolor;nq Qiurtistani Banouorakan Kousakzouj;an (PKK) farze kargadr;lou kapakzouj;amb! Anzno[ 30 tarin;roun m;r k;anqin mas kaxmo[ (entrenched) bardaza‘ a\s

.ndire ke \ousanq lou‘;l a®anz dvouaroujiunn;rou! Amhnhn \atkan,akan a®au;loujiune a*\n h% or a\s gor‘enjaze k*enjana\ ja'anzik k;rpow% ;u fanroujiune t;[;ak ke pafoui anor xargazoumn;rhn! >a[a[oujiun ou vo[owrdawaroujiun (BDP) Kousakzouj;an patouirakouj;an a\z;loujiune PKK-i bantark;al [;kawar Aptoulla Øyalani% incphs na;u a\s w;r=inin patgamn;re fa[ordoua‘ ;n fanrouj;an% warcap;tin ;u a\l p;takan mardoz ko[mh! A\s enjazqe lau m.ijaroujiun men h fasarakouj;an% or k*aprhr axga\nakanouj;an fakaso[ mjnolorti me^ b®nouj;an ou kata[ouj;an mh=! A\soufand;r]% w;r=in \ar]akoumn;re kousakzouj;an ;r;s'o.ann;roun wra\% ;rb a\s w;r=inn;re k*a\z;lhin S;u ’owe ;x;ro[ nafangn;re% zo\z kou tan jh axga\nakanoujiune takauin xørauor h% faka®ak or .a[a[ouj;an ,arvoumin i npast la\n xørakzoujiun kar! Anz;al 90 tarin;roun patoufasoua‘ fasarakoujiune kar;li ch o[oq;l qani me tarouan mh=! A\s patya®ow Warcap;t Âhy;' Ja\ip Hrto[ani ka®awaroujiune \o\v kar;uoroujiun k*en‘a\h enk;ra\in enkaloumn;rou (perceptions) warou;lak;rpin% 'o.ak;rp;lou famar fasarakouj;an axga\nakan mta\noujiunn;re! Axga\nakanoujiune qnnadato[ ";trouar 13-i warcap;tin ya®hn ;tq% taq wiyabanoujiun me ‘a\r toua‘ h ;rkrin mh=! |atkan,akan h or Hrto[an at;nh me iw;r sist;majiq k;rpow ke qnnadath axga\nakanoujiune% kar;uor;low fauasarouj;an ga[a'are! Fanrouj;an møt wau;rakanørhn bar]r warki arvanaza‘ qa[aqaght men h anika! Ir ko[mh axga\nakanouj;an qnnadatoujiune npastauor ar]agang gta‘ h ;rkrin a\laxan ,r=ann;rhn n;rs% ou kar;uor h a\n imastow or ke bar;lauh enk;rouj;an mh= st;[‘oua‘ .oze^ irarou fakadrouo[ a\laxan dirqoro,oumn;rou f;t;uanqow! Asika anfrav;,t h qrtakan farzi lou‘man famar% ba\z miavamanak^ w;rafastat;lou enk;ra\in .a[a[oujiune ou jrqakan karo[akanoujiune (potential)% or va®angoua‘ famadroumn h ka\srouj;an baxmaz;[ bnakcouj;anz! M;r bna‘in \atkani,n;re^ z;[i% krønqi% a[andi% s;®i% a\l;us ditou;lou c;n ibr;u a®au;loujiunn;r kam anpat;foujiunn;r (pakasoujiunn;r)! *** Jourqio\ mh= n;rka\is i,.anouj;an glou. ;[o[ w;ro\i,;al ;rkou kousakzoujiunn;re at;nh me iw;r ke 'or];n q;malixmi ]oulman ]a.o[ qa[aqakanoujiune 'o.arin;l jrqouj;an nor taraxow me% or ;njadrabar piti w;raznh .trakanoujiune fasarakouj;an .au;rhn n;rs! Nman npataki me irakanazoumin famar% fimnakan arg;lqe kam dvouaroujiune mhkh au;li axga\nakanouj;anz ba.oumn h% or ke <ar& h= 14


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NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013

RA~~I |OWFANNIS:AN% GAGIK ’AÂOUK:AN FANDIPOUM

PA<AR ASATE K*AÂA+ADROUI NA>AGAFAKAN J:KNA’OU

ªVa®angoujiunº kousakzouj;an a®a=nord Ra``i |owfannis;ani na.a];®nouj;amb anz;al ,abaj BFK k;dronakan gras;n;aki mh= fandipoum t;[i oun;za‘ h BFK na.agaf Gagik ’a®ouk;ani f;t! Fandipman skixbe t;[i oun;za‘ h 'ak d®n;rou ;t;ue a®an]naxro\z% ormh ;tq pa\manauoroua‘oujiun ];®q b;roua‘ h fandipoume ,arounak;l ardhn endla\noua‘ kaxmow! Va®angoujiun .mbakzouj;nhn fandipman masnakza‘ ;n .mbakzouj;an [;kawar Âoubhn |akob;ane ;u kousakzouj;an mamlo\ .øsnak |owsh' >our,oud;ane% isk BFK .orfrdaranakan .mbakzoujiune n;rka\azouza‘ ;n .mbakzouj;an qartou[ar Naira Xofrab;ane% patgamauorn;r Wafh |owfannis;ann ou Wardan Øskan;ane! D®n'ak fandipoume ,arounakoua‘ h ,our= 3 vam% ormh ;tq ko[m;re ];®npaf mnaza‘ ;n manramasn;r \a\tn;l qnnarkoua‘ j;man;rou ,our=! A\s masin ke \a\tnh BFK mamlo\ ‘a®a\oujiune!

Sourio\ n;rka\ na.agaf Pa,ar Asate k*a®a=adroui j;kna‘ou 2014-in ka\analiq Sourio\ na.agafakan entroujiunn;roun! A\d masin \a\tarara‘ h Irani Artgor‘na.arar Ali Aqpar Sal;fin Sourio\ AG na.arar Walid Mouall;mi f;t Mart 2-in J;frani mh= ka\aza‘ asoulisi enjazqin% ke t;[;kaznh ªITAÂTASSº-e! ªNa.agaf Asate% incphs na;u a\l j;kna‘oun;r% ke masnakzin na.agafakan \a=ord entroujiunn;roun% isk Sourio\ vo[owourde k*entrh anor% oroun ke zankana\º% \a\tarara‘ h Sal;fin! Mi;uno\n vamanak an \a\tarara‘ h% or Souria\i n;rka\is na.agafe% cna\a‘ ar;umoutqi koc;roun f;®anal i,.anouj;nhn% ke mna\ i,.anouj;an [;kin minc;u ir pa,tønawarman liaxøroujiunn;rou auarte

FA|ASTANOUM NA>AT:SUOUM H BAZ:L WFT GA XBØSA<R+A|IN TARA’A<R+ANA|IN K:NTRON PanARMENIAN.Net - :r;uanoum enjanoum h 12-rd mi=axga\in Kowkas;an xbøsa,r=a\in zouzafandhse (Caucasus Travel Show. CTS)! A\s taroua\ zouzafandhsin masnakzoum ;n au;li qan 75 kaxmak;rpoujiunn;r% oronziz 58-e^ FF 11 marx;riz! :rkør;a\ mi=oza®man kaxmak;rpicn;rn aknkaloum ;n a\z;loun;r Jourqia\iz% Wrastaniz% |ounastaniz% :giptosiz% Arg;ntina\iz% Arabakan Miaz;al Hmiroujiunn;riz ;u Fa\astani xbøsa,r=a\in olortow f;taqrqroua‘ a\l ;rkrn;riz! Zouzafandhsin masnakzoum h na;u Xbøsawarn;ri Fama,.arfa\in Enk;rakzouj;an na.agaf ~;lisijas Wr;singe! Wr;singe WFT GA 'o.na.agaf% krjakan fastatouj;an [;kawar Wilia Sibii f;t miasin minc;u 2013j& Marti 3-e t;[oum fandipoumn;r k*oun;nan ou ke qnnark;n Fa\astanoum xbøsawarn;ri mi=axga\in krjakan k;ntron fimn;lou fnarauoroujiune! Incphs asaz :r;uanoum ~;lisijas Wr;singe FF tnt;souj;an na.ararouj;an xbøsa,r=ouj;an warcouj;an p;t M;.ak Apr;s;ani f;t famat;[ mamlo\ asoulisoum% a®a=arkn;r n;rka\azn;lou ;u w;r=nakan oro,oum ka\azn;lou famar kaxmak;rpouj;an tnørhnn;ri .orfrdin ke pafan=oui 8 ,abaj! ªNman k;ntroni st;[‘man npatakn h mi=axga\in kargi xbøsawarn;ri patrastoumeº% as;l h na^ \au;l;low% or a\d k;ntronoum k*ousan;n oc mia\n t;[i masnaghtn;re% a\l na;u ousano[n;r tarb;r ;rkrn;riz! Ir f;rjin M;.ak Apr;s;ane n,;z% or k;ntroni st;[‘oume ke bar]razni Fa\astani warkani,e fama,.arfa\in xbøsa,r=a\in olortoum!

S:RV SARGS:ANIN OU{:R} |{A’ H ØPAMAN <ar& h= 1-hn

fimnouil m;r ;rkrn;rou ;u vo[owourdn;rou mi=;u go\oujiun oun;zo[ amour kap;rou wra\ ;u a®au;l endla\n;l m;r gor‘enk;roujiune! M;nq m;‘aphs \an]na®ou ;nq npast;lou Fa\astani xargazmane ;u k*aknkal;nq% or Douq };r a®a=nordouj;amb a®a= ke taniq vo[owrdawarouj;an amrapndman ;u tnt;sakan bar;'o.oumn;rou ,arounakakan gor‘enjaze% or fnarauoroujiunn;r k*en];®h jh* Fa\astani vo[owourdi ;u jh* am;rikazin;rou famar% oronq k*aknkal;n n;rdroum oun;nal n,anakali n;rouv oun;zo[ arv;qauor gor‘enk;ro= ;rkri mh=! M;nq ke ,arounak;nq m;‘aphs a=akzil L;®na\in {araba[i .a[a[ gor‘enjazi a®a=enjazin% or ke pafan=h bowandakaliz qa\l ];®nark;l dhpi kargauoroum% ince k*apafowh \arat;u .a[a[oujiun ;u anwtangoujiun! Ke zankanq na;u ,arounak;l m;r a,.atanqe a®a= m[;lou fa\-jrqakan \arab;roujiunn;rou fnarauor kargauoroume! };r w;rentrouile fnarauoroujiunn;r k*en];®nh m;r ;rkou ;rkirn;rou \arab;roujiunn;re \a®a= m[;lou famar ;u };r va®angouj;an st;[‘mane^ orphs a®a=nordi% or ke .oraznh Fa\astani mh= bar;'o.oumn;re ;u a®a= ke tani .a[a[ouj;an gor‘e ];r axgi ;u ];r tara‘a,r=ani vo[owourdn;rou famar! Wstaf ;[hq% or Miaz;al Nafangn;re% orphs Fa\astani m,takan bar;kam ;u gor‘enk;r% ];r ko[qin h a\s w;f npatakn;roun fasn;lou gor‘i mh=º% esoua‘ h AMN na.agafi ,norfauorakan ou[;r]in mh=! !

S:RV SARGS:ANE <NORFAUORAKAN&&& <ar& h= 1-hn

riz! Fa\r;nasiroujiunn ou an]nouiroujiune% masnagitakan bar]r patrastoua‘oujiunn ou fmtoujiune% patoua.ndroujiunn ou npatakaslazoujiunn a\n \atkani,n;rn ;n% or phtq h bnoujagr;n iuraqanciur diuanaghti! |arg;li diuanaghtn;r% W;rstin ,norfauoroum ;m ];x% ma[joum argasab;r gor‘ounhoujiun^ i npast mi=axga\in asparhxoum

m;r ;rkri dirqi ;u f;[inakouj;an amrapndman% m;r Fa\r;niqi xargazman famar artaqin bar;npast mi=awa\ri apafowman ;u m;r vo[owrdi ,af;riz b.o[ npatakn;ri irakanazmanº! A\s masin \a\tnoum ;n Fa\astani na.agafi a,.atakaxmi fasaraka\nouj;an ;u t;[;katououj;an mi=ozn;ri f;t kap;ri warcoujiuniz!

ZAIAKZAKAN O[baz;al ARA GALA|Y:ANi mafouan t.our a®jiu% ÂAK mamouli ;rb;mni .mbagir^ Enk& Grigor Qhøsh;an ir w,takzoujiune ke \a\tnh fangouz;ali entan;kan paragan;roun ;u a\d a®jiu 50 tolar ke nouirh ªNor Ørºi bargauayman `ontin!

Dit;zh*q Bvi,k Safak Arslan;ani bv,kakan fa[orda,are fa\;rhnow% a\z;l;low f;t;u;al ka\qh=e&

www.medicinetoday.org


THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013

5

OUA<INKJON:AN PRISMAK

S"IUÂQE APAGA| OUNI# |OWSH" M:LQON:AN (<ar na.ord jiuhn ;u w;r=)

APAGA|I BNORO<OUME A\s pa\mann;roun tak i#nc ke n,anakh ªapaga\º a\s endla\na‘ s'iu®qi famar ;u i#nc ;n a\n martafrauhrn;re oronz masin phtq h mta‘;l orphsxi s'iu®qi fa\ bnakcoujiunn;re% our or al ellan% kapoua‘ mnan fa\ vo[owourdi ma\r ;rakin! a& Go\apafpanoumi loxounge! Kaska‘ cka\ jh go\apafpanoumi loxounge takauin s'iu®qi ®axmawarakan amhnhn wau;rakan ;u ardiunaliz ga[a'arn;rhn min h% jh;u xgaliørhn ke tkarana\ anor taro[ouj;an axd;zoujiune! :jh a\d ®axmawarouj;an gl.auor \;narane l;xoun ;[a‘ h minc;u fima% ou fa\ l;xoun fska\ nafan=i mh= h s'iu®qi mh=% i#nc phtq h en;l! <afnouri matnan,a‘ nafan=e f;txf;th au;li ke ,;,toui am;nour;q% n;ra®;al fa\afo‘ Mi=in Ar;u;lqi ;rkirn;rhn n;rs! Am;nour;q mh=t;[ ;ka‘ h s'iu®qafa\ nor s;round me% oroun famar fa\apatkan;lioujiune ci safmanouir fa\a.øsouj;amb mia\n! :rb xgaliørhn ke tkarana\% ou tkaraza‘ h fa\ l;xoui imazouj;an ,norfiu fastatoua‘ a\s fog;kzakan kape fa\ vo[owourdi ba[kazouzic tarr;roun mi=;u% incpisi# nor% \au;l;al kam fasarakaz go\apafpanoumi \;narann;r st;[‘;lou h orphsxi tarb;r ;rkirn;rou ;u pa\mann;rou mh= ‘na‘% m;‘za‘ ou fasak a®a‘ s'iu®qafa\e inqxinq nkath anbavan masnike a\n z;[a\in ;u axga\in fauaqakanouj;an% or fa\ ke kocoui! Incph#s kar;li h go\apafpanoumi faskazo[oujiune a\vmhakanazn;l ou ambo[=azn;l% s'iu®qi tara‘qin nor emb®noumn;row ;u arta\a\touj;an mi=ozn;row! b& S'iu®qi fasarakakan orakauoroum! Go\apafpanoumi loxounghn andin s'iu®qe phtq ouni manauand orakakan% gitakan% ;u akad;makan makardaki bar]rago\n ca'ani,n;roun fam;mat kaxmak;rp;lou ir n;rqin k;anqi ;u qa[aqakan pafan=qn;rou arta\a\touj;anz mi=ozn;re! Fark h na;u s'iu®qi tara‘qin zroua‘ anfatakan karo[oujiunn;re miauor;l a\npisi ];uow or anonz mardka\in endfanour fasarakouj;an b;ra‘ anfatakan npaste w;ra‘oui na;u fa\ fasarakouj;an gitakzouj;an ;u anor t;uakan orakauorman dramaglou.in! Kar;li* ch mia\n fpartanal fa\ anfati \a=o[oujiunn;row ;jh ckaro[ananq a\d anfati \a=o[oujiunn;re warakic dar]n;l ou miavamanak ibr;u b;ma\arjak cgor‘a‘;l s'iu®q;an k;anqhn n;rs ouri, \a=o[oujiunn;r patrast;lou famar!

g& Fa\astani anka.oujiune ;u s'iu®qi d;re! Fa\astani anka.oujiune% ;u skxbnakan tarin;rou anor apra‘ tnt;sakan tagnape% no*r ;u au;li* ‘anr niujakan partauoroujiunn;r ;u aknkaloujiunn;r drin% ;u ke dn;n s'iu®qi wra\! Ard;øq s'iu®qe i#nc ca'ow ;u taro[ouj;amb krza‘ h% ;u krna\ takauin% a\d aknkaloujiunn;re ardarazn;l! S'iu®qe ir dramafauaqn;row anz;alin% incphs na;u n;rka\is% jikounq kangna‘ h fa\r;niqin ir karo[ouj;an safmann;roun mh=! Saka\n fa\r;niqi phtq;re% ;u anor tnt;sakan xargazman frama\akann;re p;takan gor‘;lak;rph ;u ‘ragroumh b.o[ phtq;r ;n% oronq fska\ goumarn;rou ;u na.apatrastakan a,.atanqn;rou ke karøtin! S'iu®qe n;rka#\ h a\d na.apatrastakan a,.atanqn;roun mh= ;u i#nc d;r ke katarh fon! Fa\astan mi=axga\in kaxmak;rpoujiunn;rou ou p;takan ;rko[mani fama]a\noujiunn;rou fiman wra\ kar;uor n;rdroumn;r ke stana\ øtar p;toujiunn;rh ;u fastatoujiunn;rh^ 'o.adar] qa[aqakan% tnt;sakan ;u `inansakan \an]na®arouj;anz fiman wra\! I#nc ]a\n ouni s'iu®qe fa\ vo[owourde f;taqrqro[ a\s enjazqin mh=! S'iu®qe krna#\ a\s pa\mann;roun mh= jh* ir ;u jh* Fa\astani phtq;re fogal qa= gitnalow jh an ibr;u fauaqakanoujiun safmana'ak mi=ozn;row k∞apri! Ga[tniq ch jh s'iu®qi n;rka\ tkaroujiune ke b.i ir safmana'ak niujakan mi=ozn;rhn! Bau h ousoumnasir;l m;r kaxmak;rpouj;anz piutyhn;re ;u niujakan fa,ou;k,i®i patk;re% t;sn;lou famar jh incpisi anfauasar fam;matoujiun me ka\ ir;nz gor‘ounhouj;an partadra‘ partauoroujiunn;roun ;u tramadr;li niujakan mi=ozn;roun mh=! M;r gor‘o[ kaxmak;rpoujiunn;re otqi ke mnan m;‘aphs gnafat;li ;u qa=al;r;li kamauor an];rou tramadra‘ vamanakin ;u =anqin ,norfiu% ;r;uo\j me or partadrabar ªsiro[akanº bno\j me ke fastath s'iu®qi fasarakakan gor‘ounhouj;an k;anqhn n;rs% ;u f;t;uabar k∞a®a=nordh safmana'ak taro[oujiun ;u karo[akanoujiun oun;zo[ kaxmak;rpoua‘ o\vi me go\a®oumin! Minc;u ;#rb kar;li h ªsiro[akanº mi=ozn;row fama,.arfa\nazoumi a\s ør;roun arf;stawarv a,.atanqi makardakow axga\in gor‘ war;l ;u \a=o[oujiunn;rou fasnil! d& Fa\ Dati pafan=atirouj;an a,.atanq;rou ‘aualoum ;u xargazoum! S'iu®qi go\a®oume 20-rd darou skixbe Fa\ vo[owourdi dhm gor‘oua‘ afauor oyirin ardiunqn hr! A\d oyiri f;t;uanqn;re takauin a®ka\ ;n m;r vo[owourdi k;anqin mh=! Ardaroujiunn ou y,martoujiune phtq h w;rafastat;l m;r vo[owourdi dhm gor‘oua‘ oyirin ibr;u axdou patas.an! 1965 jouakanhn i w;r fa\ dati pafan=atirouj;an f;t kapoua‘ a,.atanqn;re k;ndronakan t;[ me ke grau;n s'iu®qi n;rqin k;anqi ;u artaqin \arab;roujiunn;rou a,.arfn;rhn n;rs! Skxbnakan ªsiro[iº makardaki wra\ tarouo[ a,.atanqn;rh ;tq% au;li kaxmak;rpoua‘ ;n ou masamb masnagitaza‘^ fa\ dati pafan=atirouj;an f;t kap oun;zo[ a,.atanqn;re n;rka\is s'iu®qi mh=! <ar& h= 14

FA| DATI >ORFOURDE KE SATARH F:T:U:AL J:KNA’OUN:ROUN Kl;nth\li April 2% 2013-i Qa[aqa\in Entrouj;anz • Kl;nth\li Qa[aqa\in >orfourdin famar^

Ara Nayar;anin

<afh Qhørø[l;anin

• Kl;nth\li Warvarann;rou Fogabar]ouj;an famar^

Toqj& Arminh Karap;t;anin

Krhk Grigor;anin

Xar;f Sinan;anin

• Qa[aqa\in Gan]apafi famar

• Qa[aqa\in Qartou[ari famar^

Âa``i Manouk;anin

Arta,hs Qaza.;anin


6

NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013

FARZAXRO|Z

ªARABAKAN GAROUNºE :U MI+IN AR:U:LQI FA|OUJIUNE SAGØ AR:AN (<ar na.ord jiuhn ;u w;r=) Sany;an a\spisow nkat;l touau% or Sourian anka\oun qa[aqakan patmoujiun oun;zo[ ;rkir men hr minc;u 1970 jouakane% ;rb Fa`hx Asat stan]n;z ;rkrin [;ke! Fa`hx Asat krzau^ k;dronaza‘% ouv;[ p;toujiun st;[‘;low% 'o.;l a\d fauasaroume! An i,.anoujiune karo[azau paf;l^ kira®;low awtoritar ;u famar;a totalitar i,.ana];u! Miavamanak% Asat^ 'o.;low na.kin patk;re% karo[azau Sourian w;ra‘;l ,r=ana\in kar;uor ;u axd;zik ;rkri! A\dpisow% Souria dadr;zau ,r=ana\in qa[aqakan kar;uor znzoumn;rou jat;rab;me fandisanal% a\l^ dar]au far;uan ;rkirn;rou mh= axd;zik n;rka\oujiun oun;zo[ ouv;[ throujiun! :rb Fa`hx Asat ke patrastouhr i,.anoujiune ir auag t[oun^ Pashl Asatin 'o.anz;l% pataf;zau anspas;lin ;u w;r=ins xof gnaz inqna,arvi arka‘i me! Asor wra\% Fa`hx Asati mafouenh ;tq% anor ,r=apate stipoua‘ ;[au ,at arag safmanadrakan 'o'o.oujiun katar;l orphsxi apafowouhr anor ;rkrord orduo\n^ Pa,ar Asati i,.anoujiune va®ang;le! Pa,ar Asati i,.anoujiune ;kau masnaki bar;'o.oumn;r en;lou .ostoumow! Anor bar;'o.oumn;re npastauor hin \atkaphs qa[aqn;rou mh= apro[ souriazi vo[owourdin! Ørinak% w;r=in tarin;roun% Damaskosi ;u Falhpi mh= akn\a\t dar]a‘ hr Pa,ar Asati katara‘ 'o'o.oujiun;roun ardiunqe! Saka\n% no\n drakan t;[a,arve nkat;li chr Sourio\ giu[akan ,r=ann;roun mh=% our giu[azin;re ke mna\in ir;nz tara‘qn;roun anapatazman lour= wtangin a®=;u anxør ou p;takan w;rab;rmounqhn^ dvgof! Sany;an n,;z na;u or% a\sør^ qa[aqaziakan embostouj;an skixbhn gr;jh ;rkou tari ;tq% w;ron,;al pa\mann;roun patya®ow% Asati warcakargin ouve k;dronaza‘ h Sourio\ qa[aqn;roun mh=% minc giu[akan ,r=ann;re a®au;laphs ke gtnouin Sourio\ enddimouj;an fakak,®in tak! Sany;an na;u nkat;z or Sourian ouni ®axmaqa[aqakan ;u a,.arfagrakan kar;uor dirq! W;r=in ,r=anin% Sourian kar;uor ø[ak ke famarouhr tara‘a,r=anin mh= iran;an axd;zouj;an tara‘man ;u ouv;[azman a®oumow% ;u a\d patya®ow ,at ;rkirn;r ,afagrgroua‘ ;n% or Pa,ar Asate tapali!

Fa\ouj;an irawiyake Mi=in Ar;u;lqi mh= Sourio\ fa\oujiune ;rkar tarin;r apr;low ªawtoritarº ;rkri me mh=% lriu apaqa[akanaza‘ wiyak me ouni! Sany;an nkat;l touau or Sourio\ ga[oujin famar ,at dvouar piti ella\ nor wiyakin f;t famak;rpil^ parx a\n patya®ow% or souriafa\oujiune p;touj;nhn bazi gor‘nakan kap;r couni Sourio\ qa[aqakan a\l fosanqn;roun f;t% oronq a\sør enddimadir ;n! An nkat;z na;u% or Libanane ,at ke tarb;ri Sourio\ irawiyakhn! W;rada®nalow souriafa\;rou .ndrin% Sany;an nkat;l touau or anonzmh ,at;r% oronq a\sør Fa\astan ke gtnouin% stipo[abar piti artaga[j;n ;jh ir;nz famar \armar pa\mann;r cst;[‘ouin Fa\astani mh=! An au;lzouz& ªN;rka\is Fa\astan apastana‘ souriafa\ouj;an kar;uor fatoua‘ me ka\% or ou,i-ou,ow ke f;t;ui Sourio\ xargazoumn;roun ;u piti ouxh w;rada®nal Falhp kam souriakan a\l ,r=ann;r^ anmi=aphs or .a[a[oujiune w;rafastatoui! Isk a\l kar;uor fatoua‘ me fauanabar ga[jh ar;umoutq% our% a®a=in ,r=anin% a\s souriafa\;re nor auiun piti b;r;n ar;umoutqi mh= go\oujiun oun;zo[ ga[oujn;roun mh=% ba\z qani me s;round ;tq anonq al dvba.tabar piti b®n;n ]ouloumi yambanº! Sany;an na;u drakan gnafat;z fa\r;ni i,.anoujiunn;roun w;r=in ,r=anin zouzab;ra‘ fogataroujiune souriafa\;roun fandhp% nkat;l talow% saka\n% or Fa\astane na. inqe partauor h lou‘;l ir n;rqin artaga[ji .ndire^ s'iu®qafa\ouj;an ;rkaravamkht yakatagrin ,our= armatakan qa\l;rou ];®nark;lh a®a=! Patas.an;low farzoumi me jh Libananhn n;rs qa[aqakan a\s laroua‘oujiune krna#\ nor qa[aqaziakan pat;raxmi me \ang;zn;l% Sany;an^ \i,;zn;low libanan;an Jri'oli qa[aqin mh= møtik anz;alin t;[i oun;za‘ ba.oumn;re% esau% or fnarauor h% or Libanani mh= qa[aqaziakan pat;raxme w;rsksi ;jh Sourio\ mh= enddimadir tarb;r .mbauoroumn;re na. tapal;n Pa,ar Asati warcakarge ;u \;to\ ir;nz mi=;u pa\qari anznin Sourio\ nor thr;re da®nalou famar! Libanani mh= nor qa[aqaziakan pat;raxmi me fakamart gl.auor fama\nqn;re piti ellan siunnin;rn ou ,iin;re! Sany;an nkat;z na;u or Libanani fa\;roun m;‘amasnoujiune a\sør k*apri ;rkri g;raxanzaphs qristonhabnak ,r=ann;roun mh= ou a\d isk patya®ow krna\ x;r‘ mnal Libanani <ar& h= 13

"RO~& ÂICERT |OWFANNIS:AN K*ARVANANA| NAR:KAZII ANOUAN <QAN<ANIN "ro`& Âicert |owfannis;an piti arvanana\ 2013 jouakani Nar;kazii anouan ,qan,anin ir angnafat;li nouayoumn;roun famar! Pa,tønaphs parg;ue ir;n piti \an]noui UCLA-i Nar;kazii anouan Fa\agitakan Ampioni Bar;kamn;r Miouj;an ko[mh% <abaj% 16 Martin Bar;kamn;rou 11-rd tar;kan fandisauor ya,k;ro\jin% or t;[i piti oun;na\ Iranafa\ Miouj;an M,akouja\in K;droni srafin mh=% Kl;nth\l% Qali`ornia! Nar;kazii anouan ,qan,ane "ro`& |owfannis;anin ke ,norfoui a® i yanacoumn ir artakarg gitakan nouayoumn;roun% incphs na;u orphs Fa\kakan Z;[aspanouj;an f;taxøtouj;an mh= oun;za‘ n;rdroumin ;u ouradhm katara‘ ir zoumi fska\akan d;rin famar! ªKar;li ch ;r;uaka\;l w;r=in \isoun tasnam;akn;rou fa\kakan gitaf;taxøtakan da,te a®anz Dokt& |owfannis;ani acqa®ou n;rdrouminº% k*esh UCLA-i Nar;kazii anouan Fa\agitakan Ousmanz ampioni Na.agaf "ro`& "ijer Qaoui! ªKar;uor fangamanq me% or bnoro, h Dokt& |owfannis;anin% ir gitakan ousoumnasirouj;anz ko[qin zouzab;ra‘ fasarakakan a,.o\v gor‘ounhoujiunn h& an oc mia\n b;[oun ousouzcap;t men h% a\l;u patmaban% girq;rou f;[inak% ba\z no\nqan annkoun pa,tpan a.o\;an me qa[aqaziakan ;u mardka\in irauanzº! A\vm ardhn Patouakal "ro`& |owfannis;an 50 ;rkar tarin;r dasa.øsa‘ h UCLA-hn n;rs! An a®a=in waricn hr famalsarani Ardi Fa\ Patmouj;an Fa\ Krjakan Fastatouj;an Ambioni% xor inq gl.auor;z 1987-hn minc;u 2011-in fangst;an kocouile! A\d jouakanhn i w;r Ampione w;ranouanou;zau Âicert |owfannis;ani anounow! "ro`& |owfannis;an f;[inaka‘ h qani me wy®oro, girq;r ardi fa\ patmouj;an masin% n;ra®;al cors fatoranoz ªFa\astani Fanrap;toujiuneº ,arqe! An UCLA-hn n;rs kaxmak;rp;z ªFa\astani Patmakan Qa[aqn;rn ou Nafangn;reº gitavo[own;rou ,arqe% xor m;knark;z 1990-in! N,;al gitavo[own;roun niuj;re .mbagroua‘ ou fratarakoua‘ ;n |owfannis;ani ko[mh ;u ke n;rka\anan orphs wau;ragrakan angnafat;li a[biurn;r Patmakan ;u Ar;umt;an Fa\astani masin! Ir asparhxi ambo[= enjazqin "ro`& |owfannis;an Fa\ vo[owourdi patmouj;an ;u Fa\oz Z;[aspanouj;an niuj;row dasa.øsa‘ h au;li qan 40 ;rkirn;rou mh= ;u møt 500 famalsarann;rh% jangarann;rh ;u a\l

fastatoujiunn;rh n;rs! I \au;loumn UCLA-hn n;rs ir dasa.øsakan a,.atanqin% an orphs akanauor a\z;lou dasa.øs ‘a®a\oujiunn;r matouza‘ h ,arq me am;rik;an famalsarann;rou% n;ra®;al Perqlii ;u C;'mhni (UC Berkeley and Chapman University) famalsarann;re! 2010-in an UCLA-i Ousano[akan Marmnin ko[mh entroua‘ h orphs Taruan Amhnhn Og;,nco[ Dasa.øse! "ro`& Â& |owfannis;ani Fa\ Dati pa,tpanouj;an ‘irhn n;rs tara‘ a,.atanqn;re xinq dra‘ ;n Fa\oz wra\ gor‘adroua‘ z;[aspanoujiune ourazo[n;rou dhm ouvgin fakadar]oujiun kataro[n;rou a®a=in ,arqin wra\! An ;lo\j oun;za‘ h Anglio\ Lort;rou Palathn n;rs% fandhs ;ka‘ h AMN-i Qonkrhsin mh=% Qali`ornio\ Nafanga\in ka®awarouj;an mh=% Sorponi mh= ka\aza‘ ("arix) Vo[owourdn;rou Mi=axga\in Dataranhn n;rs% Z;[aspanouj;an masin baxmajiu farzaxro\zn;r oun;za‘ h MeqNil-L;frer fa[ordoumn;rhn ;u National Public Radio-hn! An nmanaphs ;lo\jn;r oun;za‘ h AMN-i O[=akixman (Haulocost) Jangaran% Fousjeni O[=akixman Jangaran% Los Any;lesi O[=akixman Jangaran ;u Fandourvo[ouj;an Jangaran! An xanaxan a®ijn;row x;kouzoumn;r toua‘ h kaya®akan ou fasarakakan ];®narkn;rou enjazqin! N,anakaliz h "ro`& |owfannis;ani n;rdroume xanaxan kaxmak;rpoujiunn;rh n;rs% oronq nouiroua‘ ;n mardka\in irauanz pa,tpanouj;an ;u z;[aspanouj;an arjnouj;an! An Facing History and Ourselves-i ;u Mardka\in Irauanz Ql;rmønji Tnørhnn;rou kaxmin mh= h% na.agafn hr Fa\kakan |ou,ar]ani |an]na.oumbi% fimnadirn;rhn h AMN-i Fa\kakan Famagoumari% na.agafe Fa\ Axga\in Fimnarki% fimnadirn h ;u w;z angam na.agafe Fa\kakan Ousmanz Enk;rakzouj;an! "ro`& Âicert |owfannis;an <ar& h= 14


THURSDAY, March 7, 2013 VOLUME 91, NO. 10 A PUBLIC ATION OF ARMENIAN DEM O C R AT I C L I B E R A L PA RT Y, W E S T E R N D I S T R IC T C O M M I T T E E O F T H E U N I T E D S TAT E S

President Serzh Sargsyan Receives 3(057-0&'#1:#;0(<*&#/%&-05'*=

Georgian Defense Minister '"#*((7>0#:"(#"?@7*2#>757'# to Armenia Georgian Defense Minister Irakli Alasan'%#9'::#%&&'<)#0"&#"F('%:#<'-'!#!"#2&3)*'%#"*# March 7, Armenian Defense Ministry said. 2*# "F('%:# 9):("3)# ()&)3"*8# 0"&# !+)# Georgian Defense Minister will take place in the Armenian Defense Ministry, to be followed by a meeting between Defense Ministers of Armenia and Georgia Seyran Ohanyan and Irakli Alasania as well as an enlarged meeting between the two delegations. Further, Seyran Ohanyan and Irakli Alasania will give a press conference.

President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan received on Wednesday President of German Bundestag Norbert Lammert, who has ar&'<)/#!"#2&3)*'%#"*#%*#"F('%:#<'-'!@ President Sargsyan welcomed the guest, stressing the importance of high-level visits in the context of developing bilateral ties. He also underscored that Armenia is interested in a steadfast and continuous development of cooperation with Germany. Serzh Sargsyan stressed the importance of the inter-parliamentary cooperation for further strengthening and deepening of the bilateral ties.

President Of Armenia Sends His Condolences On Hugo Chavez’ Death The President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan sent his condolences to the vicepresident of Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro on the death of the president of Venezuela Hugo Chaves. “Dear Mr. Maduro, Today I learn with a deep sorrow about the death of the president of Venezuela, the great leader Hugo Chavez. A great person, powerful politician has

Head Of UAE Parliament Invites Armenian Speaker To UAE Armenia’s Ambassador to the UAE Gegham Gharibjanyan met on March 3 with president of UAE Federal National Council Mohammad Ahmad Al Murr. The sides discussed Armenia-UAE relations, in particular issues referring to parliamentary cooperation. President of UAE Federal National Council praised the level of bilateral relations and expressed authorities’ readiness to expand and strengthen the ties, underscoring Armenian community’s important contribution to economy and culture of UAE. The sides reached agreement to intensify mutual visits and contacts between the countries. ?"+%33%/#2+3%/#2:#?.&&#("*,&3)/#

his invitation to Armenia’s Parliament Speaker Hovik Abrahamyan to visit the UAE, stressing it will give an impetus to development of parliamentary cooperation. They also touched upon regional issues.

Our Country Will Cooperate With Armenia Iraqi Deputy Health Minister Armenian Health Minister Derenik Dumanyan on Monday received a delegation led by Iraqi Deputy Minister of Health, Sattar Jabbar Aremsh. Dumanyan noted that collaboration between the Armenian and the Iraqi health ministries had started in Fall 2012, when the two ministers signed a memorandum of understanding. He expressed a hope !+%!# !+)8# 9'::# 7)# %7:)# !"# 9"&;# )6)(!'<):8# also within the framework if this visit to Armenia by their Iraqi colleagues. In his turn, Sattar Jabbar Aremsh noted that the new state of Iraq expresses a readiness to collaborate with Armenia, both in terms of medicine and import of medical drugs. Armenia’s health minister assured that during its visits to the country’s medical facilities, the Iraqi delegation will observe

President of German Bundestag congratulated Serzh Sargsyan on his re-election and wished success in his second term in "F()@# G"&7)&!# H%33)&!# *"!)/# !+%!# &):%tions with Armenia have traditionally been good and friendly which in his opinion creates a solid base and good prerequisites for the enhancement of cooperation at the parliamentary level. G"&7)&!# H%33)&!# (%::)/# )F(')*!# %*/# encouraging his meetings and negotiations conducted in the Armenian parliament within the framework of his visit.

the high quality medical care in Armenia. “These medical facilities, which are greatly distinguished in the region, carry out very serious projects. During my visit to Baghdad, I saw that the Government of Iraq stands ready to cooperate with Armenia in the health sector, too, and I am con,/)*!#!+%!=#/.&'*>#!+)#<'-'!#"0#8".&#/):)>%tion, interaction will be enhanced in this direction,” Dumanyan said. Iraq’s deputy health minister noted that his delegation also comprises the heads of the country’s several medical services and laboratories, and that they are authorized to sign cooperation agreements. The parties agreed to sum up the results, once the Iraqi delegation’s visit to Armenia comes to a close, and to clarify the domains where cooperation agreements can be signed.

left this world. He has always remained loyal to his concept to provide every citizen of Venezuela with prosperous and decent living conditions. He had an undeniable role in the development and progress of Venezuela. Hugo Chavez’ irreparable loss, indeed, is a great sorrow to his relatives and for the friendly people of Venezuela,” the letter says.

We Are Part Of Shared Cultural World D#<'-'!)/#2&3)*'%#0"&#!+)#,&-!#!'3)#%7".!# twenty years ago, and I have always liked your country, the United Kingdom Ambassador to Armenia, Jonathan James Aves, told Armenian News-NEWS.am. ED# 9%-# '*# 2&3)*'%# 0"&# !+)# ,&-!# !'3)# '*# 1991, and I wanted to visit again every time. There is something special about ancient history, culture, and the contemporary life of the Armenian people. I really like being here,” the British diplomat noted. In his words, even though Armenia is located on the other edge of Europe, it is a European country. “We are a part of the shared cultural world,” Ambassador Jonathan James Aves concluded.

Strong Relations +(0#45'*627580-#/0'900&# Armenia And Japan Strong friendly relations are established between Armenia and Japan, stated Keisuke Yamagishi, the First Deputy Head of Mission of the Japan Embassy in Armenia. The Embassy representative, however, recorded with regret that Japan does not have an embassy directly in Armenia’s capital city Yerevan, since the respective Japanese diplomatic residence is in Moscow, but expressed a hope that it will be founded in Yerevan in a foreseeable future. Highly appreciating the activities by the “Khikari” Armenian-JapaneseCulturalCenter, the diplomat noted that the program, which was signed on Saturday, has >&)%!#-'>*',(%*()#0"&#!+)#!9"#$%&!')-@ “I hope the Center will expand operations and carry out new projects,” Yamagishi noted. He also recalled that Japanese ikebana A0"&3%:# B"9)&# %&&%*>)3)*!C# %&&%*>)3)*!# and tea ceremony mastery classes are being taught these days in Yerevan.

!"# $"%&'()# $*&# +,"(-# ."# /0# Dependent On Only One /"(-0(#1(#1&2)#1&0#3*('&0(# On his video blog, U.S. Ambassador to 2&3)*'%# 4"+*# 5)6)&*# -+%&)/# +'-# '3$&)-sions of his visits to the Armenian Diaspora communities in the U.S. in December 2012. “Armenian-Americans are deeply interested in the Republic of Armenia today and the challenges facing the Armenian people,” says the U.S. Ambassador. “This was my message to them. U.S.Armenian relations are strong. Our mission here is to help Armenia succeed as a democratic, prosperous and secure country. We do this by promoting internal reform, by helping Armenia develop options, and by keeping Armenia looking West. The Embassy and its partners are promoting internal, political, economic and social reforms. We want to help Armenia develop "$!'"*-#7)(%.-)#*"#(".*!&8#(%*#%6"&/#!"#7)# dependent on only one border or only one partner.”

Stepanakert airport will operate The airport in Stepanakert will operate, thus ensuring Nagorno Karabakh people’s right to freedom of movement, Artsakh Foreign Minister said. “I have explained the position of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and in a letter circulated in the UN,” Karen Mirzoyan said in an interview with Echo of Moscow radio station. “I can’t announce an exact day of opening. Our main goal now is to exclude any danger. As soon as all security conditions are met, the airport will be put into operation,” he said, adding that Azerbaijan continues to spread lies regarding the issue.

Yerevan To Host European Archery Grand Prix 2Nd Round From May 21-June 2, Yerevan will be hosting the second round of European Archery Grand Prix, chief coach of Armenia team Boris Vasilyan said. The athletes will train for Armenian Federation winter championships and Armenia championships, due March 20-25 and April 6-10 in Yerevan. The archers will further depart for France !"#$%&!'('$%!)#'*#!+)#,&-!#&".*/#"0#1.&"$)%*# Archery Grand Prix, due April 15-20.


8

Nor Or Weekly - Thursday March 7, 2013

Hovannisian, Tsarukian Discuss Post-Election Tensions

Sparapet Vazgen Sargsyan Would Have Turned 54 Today

U**5:1-15/' *,):1()/-1+6' ;+/(1(+-)' $+N' Hovannisian met with Prosperous Arme/1+'%+,-7'!VWX&'6)+(),'R+E1M'@:+,<M1+/'+-' the weekend to discuss the post-election situation in the country and the possibility of cooperation between the two political heavyweights. Few details of the meeting were made public, with a BHK statement saying only that it was requested by Hovannisian and lasted for about three hours. It said the two men spoke tête-à-tête on Saturday before being joined by their close associates, including Vartan Oskanian, a former foreign .1/1:-),'+N61+-)('01-2'@:+,<M1+/P:'*+,-7C “Gagik Tsarukian stressed that there are no enemy parties and that he is ready to meet [other party leaders] and discuss -25:)' 1::<):' -2+-' ;5<6(' K)/)>-' -2)' *)5ple,” Ivetta Tonoyan, a spokeswoman for the BHK leader, told RFE/RL’s Armenian :),91;)' !3Y+-<-7</C+.&' :)*+,+-)67C' #/' 2),' words, Hovannisian said that the Armenian opposition and even some elements of the ruling Republican Party should work together to “return power to the people.” A statement by Hovannisian’s election campaign headquarters said they agreed to “cooperate towards overcoming the existing political crisis, including putting forward pre-term solutions.” It did not specify if snap presidential or parliamentary elections sought by Hovannisian are one such solution. ZR+E1M'@:+,<M1+/',)+N,.)('21:'*5:1-15/'

March 5, marked the birthday of Sparapet Vazgen Sargsyan. He would have turned 54 today. “No one knows the cost of peace than I do, no one wants peace as much as I do… I gave everything I had to this war, and I got pride. Take this pride, take the idea and 75<P66':))').*-1/)::C'#'2+9)'45<E2-D'#'>E2-' +/('#'0166'>E2-'45,'-2)'1()+D'45,'*<,*5:)C'Q5' one will keep me silent on the way to my aim,” he said once. Vazgen Sargsyan was born in Ararat region of Armenia on March 5, 1959. He graduated from Armenian State Institute of Physical Culture in 1979 before working as a physical instruction teacher in a village school in Ararat. From 1983 to 1986 he was the Communist Youth League leader at the cement factory in Ararat. An amateur writer, Sargsyan then moved into literary life. From 1986 to 1989 he headed the publicity department of -2)'R+,</'!=*,1/E&'61-),+,7'.5/-267'1/'8)revan. But the Armenian national ferment of the late 1980s saw him abandon this role +:'2)'S</E'21.:)64'2)+(65/E'1/-5'*561-1;+6' life. Sargsyan’s rise to the top started when, as a former Communist Youth league organiser, he joined the growing movement for Nagorno-Karabakh to be transferred from Azerbaijani to Armenian jurisdiction. He was elected to the Armenian parliament 1/'-2)'GBBT')6);-15/:D'-2)'>,:-':).1A4,))')6);tions Armenia had held, where he became +'.).K),'54'-2)'#/-),/+6'3F+1,:'+/('=-+-)' Defence Committee.

that the BHK has always been and will remain by the people’s side,” added the statement. In a statement issued last week, the BHK, 021;2' (1(' /5-' >)6(' 5,' )/(5,:)' +/7' *,):1dential candidates, reacted ambiguously to the Armenian authorities’ handling of the February 18 election. While seemingly justifying post-election street protests staged by Hovannisian, Armenia’s second most important parliamentary party did not say 02)-2),'1-'+;;)*-:'5N;1+6'95-)',):<6-:'-2+-' gave victory to President Serzh Sarkisian. The BHK’s relationship with Hovanni:1+/'+/('21:'[2+,+/E<-7</'!W),1-+E)&'*+,ty has been strained until now. Unlike two other major opposition groups, Zharangutyun refused to join forces with the BHK to monitor the conduct of the May 2012 parliamentary elections. Zharangutyun leaders accused Tsarukian’s party of buying votes and using administrative resources ahead of those polls. BHK representatives angrily denied those accusations.

Congressmen Pallone And Schiff Honor The Victims Of Sumgait; Commemorate 25Th Anniversary Washington, DC - Yesterday, Armenian ?+<;<:'?5A?2+1,'\,+/M'%+665/)D'],C'!LAQ]&' +65/E' 01-2' ?+<;<:' ").K),D' 3(+.' =;21F' !LA?3&' ;5..).5,+-)(' -2)' ^_-2' +//19),sary of the pogrom against Armenians in Sumgait, Azerbaijan. '#/'21:'S55,':-+-).)/-D'?5/E,)::.+/'%+6lone said that “for more than two decades, authorities in Azerbaijan have attempted to ignore and cover up these crimes and have instead fostered hatred toward the Armenian people.” ?5/E,)::.+/' =;21FD' 1/' 21:' ,).+,M:D' stated that “the Sumgait massacres led to wider reprisals against Azerbaijan’s ethnic minority, resulting in the virtual disappearance of Azerbaijan’s 450,000-strong Armenian community, and culminating in the war launched against the people of Nagorno Karabakh.” ' V5-2' ?5/E,)::.)/' %+665/)' +/(' =;21F'

cited the Azeri government’s pardon of $+.16' =+4+,59D' +/' 3Y),K+1`+/1' 5N;),' 025' brutally murdered an Armenian soldier with an axe in 2004 at a NATO Partnership for Peace exercise in Budapest, Hungary, as another example of the “hatred towards Armenians [that] is both inculcated and celebrated.” “The 25th anniversary of Sumgait serves as a poignant reminder of the need to respect the ethnic and cultural identity of all people without discrimination and violence,” said Assembly Executive Director Bryan Ardouny. Established in 1972, the Armenian Assembly of America is the largest Washington-based nationwide organization promoting public understanding and awareness of Armenian issues. The AssemK67' 1:' +' _TG!;&!a&' -+bA)b).*-' .).K),:21*' organization.

National Security Service On Former Presidential Contender’s Arrest Armenia’s National Security Service brought charges against presidential candidate Vardan Sedrakyan within the case of assassination attempt on other ex-presidential candidate Paruyr Hayrikyan. Sedrakyan was charged under Article 34-305 of the Criminal Code (assassination +--).*-'+E+1:/-':-+-)D'*561-1;+6'5,'*<K61;'>E-

<,)&'1/'+';,1.1/+6';+:)'1/9):-1E+-)('K7'-2)' Investigation Department of the National Security Council. Armenian capital city Yerevan’s Kentron and Nork-Marash General Jurisdiction Court on Tuesday sentenced ex-presidential contender Vardan Sedrakyan to two months in prison.

Iranian, Who Hid Drugs In His Intestines, Dies At Armenian Hospital The young Iranian, R. Sheikhalizadeh, who was taken to an Armenian capital city Yerevan hospital in unconscious state, died there on Tuesday night. Our sources at the hospital informed that he passed away at around 11pm in the Acute Poisoning Ward. A forensic medical examination is commissioned to determine the cause of death. To note, the aforesaid Iranian youth, who lived in Armenia, on March 2 was brought to the hospital in unconscious state. Sub-

sequently, his intestines were cleaned and, as a result, ten albescent capsules were removed from his body and seven more, on the next day. It was found out that there were packaged drugs in these capsules. The Police likewise corroborated to having received such information. The circumstances of this incident are being ascertained, and an investigation is underway.

In 1990–1992 he stayed in Nagorno-Karabakh, commanding irregular troops that defended the peaceful population of Karabakh towns and villages from the Azerbaijani military attack that followed the declaration of independence of Karabakh from Azerbaijani rule. From 1992–1993 he was defence minister of Armenia, while from 1993–1995 he was state minister in charge of defence. In 1995, during the restructuring of government ministries, he once again became defence minister. In these various capacities he laid the groundwork for building Armenia’s army, a cause dear to his heart. After the 1999 parliamentary election, Sargsyan and Armenia’s former Communist leader Karen Demirchyan formed a coalition and won a majority, after which Sargsyan became the Prime Minister of Armenia, but few months later both politicians, along with several others, were assassinated during the Armenian parliament shooting.

New Isotope Research and Production Laboratory Established in Armenia Yerevan - The newly established “Medical Isotope Research and Production” !"#$%&' ()*+,-.)/-' 01-21/' -2)' 3,-).' Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL – 45,.),67'-2)'8),)9+/'%27:1;:''#/:-1-<-)&'1:'+' new type of research laboratory with goals not only to do fundamental research, but also to provide important services for medical treatment in Armenia. According to the =;1)/-1>;'?)/-),'54'$+(1+-15/'")(1;1/)'+/(' Burns, within the Armenian Ministry of Health, there is a need in Armenia for 5,000 doses per year of the medical radioisotope @);2/)-1<.ABB.'!BB.@;&C'?<,,)/-':<**61):' delivered to Armenia are inadequate. An isotope of an element is an element with excess neutrons in its atomic nucleus. Often the excess neutrons make the atom unstable; resulting in nuclear decay together with the emission of radiation (the )6).)/-' 1:' ,+(15+;-19)&C' @);2/)-1<.D' <:)(' in medical imaging applications, is often combined with other molecules which get deposited within various tissue types such as heart muscle, bone, brain, lymph nodes, etc. The decay of the isotope causes the emission of gamma rays, photons similar in energy to medical x-rays, which allow doctors to image the particular organ being diagnosed in the same way that they do with x-rays. In many instances, however, <:1/E' ,+(15' 1:5-5*):' 5F),:' ()-+16:' 021;2' x-ray imaging cannot reveal. Technetium has a half-life of 6 hours, that is every 6 hours half of the Technetium decays into other elements. For example after 6 hours half of the Technetium is gone. After a (+7D' 5/67' GHGI-2' !IJ&' 54' -2)' @);2/)-1<.' remains, and after two days there is only 0.4% remaining. Due to its rapid decay, the importation of Technetium to Armenia and its storage is impractical. Technetium is commonly obtained by extracting it from the radioactive decay products of Molebde/1<.ABB'!"5ABB'5,'BB"5&C Currently Armenia receives Mo-99 every

1 to 1.5 months, which produces enough Technetium for only about 500 patients per year rather than the 5,000 patients who depend on this substance. Only 5 nuclear reactors in the world produce Mo-99 and two of these are scheduled to be shut down in the coming decade. Moreover some of the remaining reactors are being decommis:15/)('5,'.5(1>)(':5'-2+-'-2)7'0166'K)'</able to produce enriched uranium capable of being used in nuclear weapons. This will further reduce the availability of Mo-99 which is needed to produce Technetium99m. L<,1/E' -2)' 6+:-' ();+()' .+/7' :;1)/-1>;' ;)/-),:'0),)'05,M1/E'2+,('-5'>/('+6-),/+tive technologies to replace the Molybdenum/Technetium production method using particle accelerators. Armenia’s newly formed Medical Isotope Research and Production department of the AANL experimented with Armenia’s electron particle accelerator, using its electron beam to collide with atomic nuclei to produce Technetuum-99m, but found this .)-25(' -55' 1/)N;1)/-D' ,)O<1,1/E' .+/7' man hours of work. Therefore MIRP physicists initiated a new project for Technetium-99m production using an 18 MeV (18 .16615/')6);-,5/'956-&';7;65-,5/'021;2'1:'-5' be installed at the AANL during the fall of 2013. They believe that direct production of Technetium-99m using proton beams from the new cyclotron, avoiding the necessity of acquiring Molybdenum-99, will insure the supply of Technetium-99m that Armenia’s patients need and will result in a lower cost. Ongoing research is focusing on the technical details of this project. Prof. Ashot Chilingarian, the director of the AANL as well as the head of Armenia’s Cosmic Ray Division, stated that he believes that Armenia can become a regional center of certain advanced medical technologies.


9

Nor Or Weekly - Thursday March 7, 2013

Educational Reforms In Armenia Education Improvement has been a priority for public investment in Armenia since the late 1990s. The government of Armenia has determined to reduce poverty by increasing access to and improving the quality of general secondary education. Considerable progress has been made to improve access to and the quality of general education. Armenia has achieved nearly universal enrollment rates for elementary grades 1 to 4 and lower secondary grades 5 to 9 levels. In 2009, the net enrollment rates for elementary education were 99 percent for both urban and rural areas. The rate for high school education was 96.2 percent for urban areas and 99.4 percent for rural areas. Various investments have contributed considerably to the development of general secondary education but have also resulted in the relative neglect of preschool and post higher education. A wide range of reforms have been implemented to improve the quality of education. Government developed the National Curriculum Framework as well as new uniform standards and syllabi for all the schools. The general education system has been extended from 10 to 12 years and #*$&$( '&$( ")4( *!%*( -0*))2-( #*'#( )S$&( -L$cialized and vocational educations. Government has created an Assessment and Testing Center to enhance the capacity of assessing student performance and *'-( !"#&)./0$.( '( /"!1$.( $"#&'"0$( $[',!nation for universities and colleges. There is also a plan to provide Internet access to all schools in Armenia in 2013, which will allow students and teachers even in rural areas to be readily connected to the most up-to-date information. The government has introduced a mandatory teacher certi10'#!)"(-N-#$,(/".$&(4*!0*(#$'0*$&-("$$.( to take compulsory training and be tested $5$&N(15$(N$'&-U(!#(!-('2-)(.$5$2)L!"%(0),prehensive teacher professional development policies, including a ranking system and rank-based salary system. Investments in general education and reforms have contributed to the improvement of student learning and the development of the school system. In accordance to the results of one of the major international assessments, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, Armenian students’ performance at fourth and eighth grade levels not only improved sig"!10'"#2N(G$#4$$"(B\\D('".(B\\T7(G/#('2-)( exceeded that of many wealthier countries in Europe and Central Asia. In addition, Armenia’s education system was selected as one of the 20 “world’s most improved school systems” in a 2010 McKinsey’s report. In higher education, reforms started after Armenia joined the Bologna Process in 2005. The Bologna Process is a series of ministerial meetings and agreements between European countries designed to ensure comparability in the standards and ]/'2!#N( )+( *!%*$&( $./0'#!)"( ]/'2!10'#!)"-H( Presently 47 courtiers participate at this process. As a result of Bologna Process, enrollment at the higher education increased to 28.6 percent in 2008 from 19.6 percent in 2001. This level of enrollment compares well to countries at a similar economic level in the Europe and Central Asia region, but needs to improve to accelerate economic growth. The government adopted a higher edu0'#!)"(1"'"0!"%(-#&'#$%N(!"(B\@@7(4*!0*('.dressed the weaknesses in the current high$&( $./0'#!)"( 1"'"0!"%( -N-#$,H( <'-$.( )"( that strategy, the government plans to introduce various forms of institutional and -#/.$"#(1"'"0!"%7(!"02/.!"%('(R),L$#!#!5$( Innovation Fund to support demand driven projects, needs-based scholarships, and

By Areg Gharabegian

-0*)2'&-*!L-(+)&(L&!)&!#N(1$2.-H(Q*$(L2'"(!-( to extend this fund to also cover Armenian students from Diaspora that would like to attend higher education in Armenia. Presently there is an ongoing Education Quality and Relevance Project for $25 mil2!)"( 1"'"0$.( GN( M)&2.( <'"=( #)( !,L&)5$( quality of preschool, secondary education, and higher education. The purpose of this project is to enhance school learning in general education and improve the school readiness of children entering primary education by supporting increases in preschool enrollment, to improve teacher education and professional development, and to implement high school reform. This project is an important step in meeting Bologna requirements for the higher education system. It also strengthens the quality '".( 1"'"0!'2( +)/".'#!)"( )+( *!%*$&( $./0'tion through supporting Competitive Innovation Fund to promote the implementation of innovative enhancement projects, thus improving the capacity of higher education institutions. The World Bank works closely with the Ministry of Education and Science which is responsible for the overall policy setting as well as for the implementation of the World <'"=E1"'"0$.( L&)^$0#-H( _`JRab( '2-)( 1nancially contributed preschool teacher training. The World Band funded Education Quality and Relevance Project has accomplished some key task which include: ! Training of 8,000 teachers. ! Installing computer network to 459 schools in remote areas. ! Providing hardware (one computer, )"$( ,/2#!E+/"0#!)"'2( L&!"#$&7( '".( _cKA( #)( 1,360 schools to support their administrative activities. ! Establishing resource centers in 91 high schools where library and computer labs were upgraded and combined. ! Providing specialized training to 2,300 high school teachers. Ministry of Education and Science continues to focus on the reform of the general secondary education system and addressing key policy issues in both higher and preschool education. They are planning to increase preschool enrollment; improving the quality of education through enhanced teacher education and professional development; completing the transfer to 12-year general education from 10 years system; and implementing a sustainable higher $./0'#!)"(1"'"0!"%(-N-#$,H

!"#$%&'(()*+(#,&-,.,/*& 01,&'#,2+1$.3&'(()&4%5"*&6$+1&!&7,,+&!.8&9#,,+:& Glendale, CA – Abril Bookstore, the literary hub of the Armenian community, will restart its bi-monthly English language book club with a Meet and Greet Event on Wednesday, March 13, 2013 at 7:30pm at Abril Bookstore, 415 E. Broadway, Glendale, CA. The Breathing Book Club Meet and Greet gives attendees a chance to meet one another and the book group leader, Atina Hartunian, preview some of the titles scheduled to be read and be privy to some of the book clubs rules. Admission to this event is free and is open to everyone. The Breathing Book Club is a literary community that fosters an appreciation for American-Armenian literature. Books that are read and discussed during their Tuesday gatherings are either written by

American-Armenians, are Armeno-centric in theme or translations of Armenian books. The Breathing Book Club strives to cultivate a literary community by scheduling VIP sessions with touring authors and !"#$%&'#$()#*$&(+)&,-()+(,$.!'(-/0*('-(12,( into the overall discussion. This is an open '".(+&$$(3)4!"%(+)&/,(+)&(#*)-$(4*)(2)5$( to read and love books. The Breathing Book Club meets bimonthly on Tuesdays at 7:30pm, at Abril Bookstore. The 2013 March-August book club season will include titles by: Nancy 6&!0)&!'"7( 8&!-( 9'"!%!'"7( 8.',( :';( 6$vorkian, and about Rouben Mamoulian. CONTACT: Arno Yeretzian at Abril <))=-#)&$(>?@?A(BCDEC@@B7("))&F'G&!2G))=-H com

2012 “Arthur Halvajian Memorial” Armenian Poetry Competition Winners Announced WARWICK, RI---The Armenian Stu.$"#-I(8--)0!'#!)"7(J"0H(>8K8(J"0HA(0)"%&'#ulated Shahe Mankerian of Pasadena, CA, Sarah Abigail Stites of Grove City College in Reston, VA, and Rachel Megan Maclean of Northside High School in Roanoke, VA who were the winners of the 2012 “Arthur Halvajian Memorial” Armenian Poetry Competition. The competition was sponsored by the ASA Inc. in partnership with the Armenian Poetry Project. The Armenian Poetry Project, led by Lola Koundakjian, is a research and documentation site of 19th to 21st Century Armenian poets and poetry. Ms. Koundakjian led a selection team comprised of Christopher Janigian, a student at Brown University in Providence, RI and Garen Kazanc, a student at California State University, Los Angeles. Alice Movsesian, a member of the ASA Inc. Board of Trustees served as the liaison to the selection committee. “We want to extend our heartfelt best wishes to the winners as well as thank Ms. Koundakjian, Mr. Janigian, and Mr. Kazanc,” said Movsesian. “Connecting students and established professionals to preserve and promote Armenian culture across campuses nationwide is part of our mission and Arthur Halvajian’s enduring -L!&!#H( M$( '&$( *'LLN( #)( -$$( !#( &$3$0#$.( !"( our continued partnership with the Armenian Poetry Project,” she added. Mr. Mankerian won the $250 adult cat$%)&N( L&!O$( +)&( *!-( $"#&N7( PQ/&=!-*( R)S$$( with Mrs. Hovsepian”. He is the Principal

of the Saint Gregory’s Hovsepian School in Pasadena, CA. Ms. Stites won $100 in the college age category for her entry, “My Baby Sister”, and was joined by fellow Virginian, Ms. Maclean who won $50 in the N)/#*( >'%$-( @BE@TA( 0'#$%)&N( +)&( *$&( L)$,( entitled “On the Mount”. The winners received a letter of congratulations from the ASA Inc Board of Trustees. Receiving honorable mentions were three additional poets from the youth cat$%)&NU( K*'"#( V!=&'"( >PK/,,$&WA7( 9/2!$"( X*)/2!'"0$(>PM)&.-WA7('".(Y)5!%(Z'")N'"(>PK!0=2NWAH(822(#*&$$('&$(-#/.$"#-('#(K'!"#( Gregory’s Hovsepian School in Pasadena, CA. All winners and honorable mentions &$0$!5$.( 0$&#!10'#$-( +&),( #*$( 8K8( J"0( Board of Trustees. You can learn more about the Armenian Poetry Project by visiting http://armenianpoetry.blogspot.com. Winning entries from the 2012 competition as well as those from previous years can be viewed online by visiting the “ASA-APP Poetry” section of the ASA Inc.’s website, www.asainc.org. The Armenian Students’ Association, Inc. encourages educational pursuits by Armenians in America and the raising of #*$!&(!"#$22$0#/'2(-#'".'&.-7(L&)5!.$-(1"'"cial assistance in the form of scholarships to deserving Armenian students, develops fellowship among them, cultivates in them the spirit of service in the public interest, and acquaints them and the entire American community with Armenian culture.


10

Nor Or Weekly - Thursday March 7, 2013

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West Prepares For Post-Assad Uncertainty ."&/#%)0&1%#2)3#&..'&43+5#$,"&+(##346()23),& Time may be running out to come up with a credible international plan to secure Syria’s chemical weapons for the day President Bashar al-Assad’s regime collapses. Although that day may still be some time !"#$#%&#%'(#)&*&)#'++#,-&./!0(#,-&)/12/!3(# of his imminent defeat - events are moving so fast on the ground that the West is scrambling to assemble plans to tackle the numerous security challenges in a postAssad Syria. Mike Rogers, the Chairman of the US House Committee on Intelligence, told the BBC that if a regional plan is not developed to deal with chemical weapons, then they could threaten the entire region, proliferating into Lebanon and possibly falling into the hands of groups designated as terrorist organisations. “I do believe we have a lot more work to do to make sure that we have the Arab League, and Turkey, and our European allies in full concert, with a plan that allows those weapons systems to be secured immediately,” he said. “If not, we’re going to have a very major destabilising event in the region and will be very, very troubling to the stability of governments all across the Middle East.” Western reluctance Hang on a moment. Chemical weapons in a Middle Eastern country? Unnamed intelligence sources? Haven’t we been here before with Iraq in 2003? We have, but with Syria today there are 24!# 503)'6&32'+# )/"&-&31&(7# 8-# 9(('):(# government does not deny it has chemical weapons, it just says it will not use them on its own people. And unlike in Iraq, where the Bush administration was itching to invade, the West has gone to enormous lengths to avoid getting dragged into a military con;/12#/3#<=-/'7 Bizarrely perhaps, given the understandable perception of many in the Middle East that the West is predisposed to launching military adventures in Muslim countries, the West’s reluctance to get involved in the <=-/'3# 1!3;/12# /(# >-/3?/3?# /2(# !43# ,-!>lems. Malik Abdeh, a Syrian journalist living in Britain, says Syrians worry most about the breakdown in law and order, but that there would be huge resistance to any western military presence on the ground. “Start Quote I don’t think the West has handled this very well” End Quote Gen Tim Cross “The West has refused to arm the opposition, and therefore people in the opposition feel that the West has no moral right to intervene once Assad is gone,” he says. The US decision to put Jabhat Al-Nusra, '3# '+$@'&)'# 'A+/'2&)# ?-!0,# 4/2%/3# 2%&# opposition, on its list of terrorist organisations, was seen “very negatively” within the opposition, Mr Abdeh adds. “People see that as hypocrisy, that the

Rebels are engaged in a bloody conflict with forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad

B&(2# '-&# )&(/?3'2/3?# 2%!(&# 4%!# '-&# *?%2ing against Bashar al-Assad as terrorists at the same time as US wants the downfall of Bashar al-Assad.” So far, most of the West’s visible preparations for a post-Assad Syria have been diplomatic, nurturing a fractious opposition in exile while pushing in vain for robust action at the UN. Alastair Burt, the British Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa, says the UK had “worked with a variety of different agencies to do as much preparation in advance as possible”. “There is an immediate problem simply of the physical destruction and how you rebuild; the authority of the opposition, to ensure that it has authority over all the 6/+/2/'(#4%!#'-&#*?%2/3?C#2%&#%06'3/2'-/'3# aspects, making sure the place is working again and the need to establish order again very quickly.” ‘Crucial’ army One person who knows only too well the perils of allowing a collapse of central government in a Middle Eastern country is Tim Cross, the British Army general sent to help rebuild Iraq in 2003. One priority will be addressing the physical destruction wrought by the war He is no fan of President Assad, but he believes the West made a strategic mistake in isolating his regime too quickly. “I don’t think the West has handled this very well,” he says. “We turned too strongly against Assad too early in this context, we demonised him too early, we’ve alienated him, pushed him into a corner, and we’re now seeing the result of that.” In practice, events are moving so fast on the ground the West’s preparations are struggling to keep up. Jabhat Al-Nusra, for example, will be reluctant to lay down its arms in a post-Assad Syria. Malik Abdeh believes only a strong, central force can stop Syria disintegrating into feuding factions once the common cause of removing Assad is gone. “The extent to which the West, and the D<#'3)#E-/2'/3#1'3#/3;0&31&#'"'/-(#/3(/)&# Syria is limited,” he says. “There will be at +&'(2#*.&#=&'-(#!5#/3(2'>/+/2=#/3#2%&#1!032-=F# even after Bashar al-Assad has gone. “What really matters in Syria is the army,” Mr Abdeh adds. “The army is crucial for Bashar al-Assad’s survival but also the survival of Syria as we know it.”

Russian Warships End Anti-Piracy Mission In Gulf Of Aden The Russian Navy’s Udaloy-class destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov has completed an anti-piracy mission in the Gulf of Aden and set course for its Vladivostok base, where it should arrive in April, Fleet spokesman Capt. First Rank Roman Martov said on Monday, March 4, according to RIA Novosti. G%&#)&(2-!=&-#4'(#,'-2#!5#'#H'1/*1#I+&&2# task force, which also included the tanker Irkut and the rescue tug boat Alatau. The (%/,(# 6')&# '3# !A1/'+# ./(/2# 2!# 2%&# ,!-2# !5# Mumbai in India in late December and conducted joint drills with the Indian navy on the way to the Gulf of Aden, Martov said. Russian naval task forces, usually led by Udaloy-class destroyers, operate in the area on a rotating basis. The Russian Navy said in November it will continue its anti-piracy mission in the J0+5#!5#9)&3#'3)#!"#2%&#K!-3#!5#95-/1'#/3#

2013, with at least three tours of duty in the region scheduled. Russia joined the international anti-piracy mission in the region in 2008. Russian warships have successfully escorted 733 commercial vessels from various countries 2%-!0?%# 2%&# ,/-'2&$/35&(2&)# 4'2&-(# !"# 2%&# Somali coast since then.

'7$)%&8393)43&.52:3,&!(%#4&."&;<=>?& Amid West’s Concern L%/3'# 4/++# >!!(2# /2(# !A1/'+# )&5&3(&# budget by 10.7 percent this year, the latest in a series of hikes in military spending stretching back more than two decades, according to RIA Novosti. Beijing said on Tuesday, March 5 in a draft budget submitted to the National H&!,+&:(#L!3?-&((#MNHLO#/2#4/++#>!!(2#6/+/tary spending to Rmb720 billion ($115 bil+/!3O# /3# PQRS7# T'(2# =&'-:(# )&5&3(&# >0)?&2# was $103.6 billion, 11.6 percent more than in 2011. “The funds will be used to improve the 4!-U/3?# '3)# +/./3?# 1!3)/2/!3(# !5# !A1&-(# and soldiers in all military units, enhance mechanization and provide IT services to the armed forces in the interest of ensuring national defense security,” the draft budget says.

China’s rising defense spending is causing serious concern in the West and to some of its neighbors. According to some forecasts, its defense spending will reach $238 billion by 2015.

8"$):&/(#&@39(#A-&BC&D5EF$+&G3%F,7&H(#43)4&8346$,3& Substantial NHS Funding Money won’t buy you health. This seems 2!#>&#2-0&#5!-#2%&#DWF#4%&-&#(0>(2'32/'+#*nancial injections into the NHS do not prevent increasing death rates. A recent report on UK health performance exposed a worsening public health situation. The report published in The Lancet, a recognized medical journal, revealed that despite a substantial increase in health expenditure, the UK only occupies 12th place in the list of 19 countries including France, the US, Canada and Australia. XG%&# DW# ,&-5!-6&)# (/?3/*1'32+=# 4!-(&# than the EU15+ for age-standardized death rates, age-standardized YLL rates, and life expectancy in 1990, and its relative position had worsened by 2010,” the report from The Lancet magazine said.

The report was based on the data extracted from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010, which '3'+=Y&)#%&'+2%#*?0-&(#5!-#2%&#DW#'3)#RZ# other nations.

Interpol To Tackle Illegal Fishing Networks Interpol has launched “Project Scale” to 2'1U+&#/++&?'+#*(%/3?#>=#1!!-)/3'2/3?#2-'3(3'2/!3'+#!,&-'2/!3(#2!#2'-?&2#!"&3)&-(#'3)# )/(-0,2# 2-'A1U/3?# -!02&(F# '11!-)/3?# 2!# '3# announcement. G-'3(3'2/!3'+# *(%&-/&(# 1-/6&F# 4%/1%# /3cludes harvesting prohibited species and *(%/3?# !02$!5$(&'(!3F# U&&,/3?# 6!-&# 2%'3# 2%&# V0!2'F# !-# *(%/3?# 4/2%!02# '# +/1&3(&F# /(# estimated to cost the global economy $23 billion annually, according to Interpol. The last decade saw an increase in transnational and organized criminal networks involved /3# *(%&-/&(# 1-/6&F# 2%&# '?&31=# ('/)F# '3)# now the practice threatens the extinction !5#(!6&#(,&1/&(7#I/(%&-/&(#1-/6&#'+(!#'"&12(#

I5+F3%#&@3J$J%F-& Japan To Re-Launch Six Reactors In 2013

food security and is a politically destabilizing factor due to the rise in corruption that accompanies it.

Japan’s major supplier of nuclear power generating equipment, France’s Areva group, has announced Tokyo’s plans to restart six reactors by the end of 2013. The other reactors will be restarted later – except the Fukushima-type made in the US. In addition to two reactors already put back into operation in Japan “there could be half a dozen reactors that will restart by the end of the year,” the Chief Executive [A1&-# !5# 2%&# I-&31%# (2'2&$!43&)# 301+&'-# group announced at a press conference.

“I think two-thirds of reactors will re(2'-2\#4/2%/3#(&.&-'+#=&'-(F#(,&1/*&)#5020-&# plans Areva’s CEO Luc Oursel.


THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013

11

FA|OZ Z:{ASPANOUJ:AN MASIN (Knowledge About The Armenian Genocide)) WOLF GRUNER G;rmanazi gro[ Armin T. Wegner (1886-1978), A& A,.arfamarti xinouorakan ir ‘a®a\ouj;an enjazqin% lousankara‘ hr oyra\in sarsa'axdou t;sarann;r! |ounouar 1919-in% "arixi >a[a[ouj;an >orfrdavo[owi banakzouj;anz na.ør;akin% ir baz namakin mh=^ \[oua‘ Am;rika\i na.agaf Woodrow Wilson–i% tramajiq patk;razoumn;row andradar]au fala‘oua‘ vo[owourdi yakatagrin% \atkaphs matnan,;low jh ªFa\;re incphs ko[optoua‘% afab;koua‘% .;[doua‘% jounauoroua‘ ou da,ounafaroua‘ hinº! Anika gangat;zau jh ~ransan% Anglian ou G;rmanian arg;lq chin fandisaza‘ jourq ka®awarouj;an gor‘adr;lou ir ‘ragire% or a,.arfi ;r;shn armata.il en;l hr 2 milion fa\;re! Ardar;u% tari me a®a=% na.agaf Ouilsen fraparaka‘ hr ir fanra‘anøj \a\tararoujiune (proclamation)% or amhn axg inqnoro,man irauounq ounhr! 14 kht;rh ba[kaz;al .a[a[ouj;an \i,;al ‘ragrin mh= na.agaf Ouilsen miavamanak pafan=a‘ hr ;ra,.auor;l go\ak;zoujiune ;u inqnawar xargazoume jrqakan i,.anouj;an tak toua\to[ bolor axg;roun! So\n namake G;rmanio\ mh= fratarakou;zau na;u grqo\ki ];uow! No\n tarin% Armin Ouhknhr lo\s en‘a\;z na;u ouri, girq me^ ªAnw;radar] Yamban& Martirosazoum namakn;rowº (The Road of no Return, Martyrdom in Letters)% our ke n;rka\azouhin Øsman;an Ka\srouj;an mh= ir an]nakan 'or]a®oujiunn;re% oronq k*a®ncouhin fa\kakan o[b;rgouj;an! 1919-in% arou;sti ou m,ako\ji nouiroua‘ j;rj me^ ªDer Brennerº% austriazi Anton Santer-hn (1884-1979) tp;z Jourqio\ masin banast;[‘oujiunn;r% aknarkoujiunn;r katar;low fa\oz spandin! |atkan,akan h f;t;u;al mh=b;roume&- ªFos ke fa,ou;n 10 agarakn;r% ou baxmajiu ouri,n;r% oronq fima g;r;xmann;rou w;ra‘oua‘ ;n mafaza‘ fa\;rou famar% oronq daga[ couninº! Fama,.arfa\in A& Pat;raxmhn ;tq% fraparaka\in banawhy me ‘a\r touau G;rmanio\ mh=! Da,nakizn;re k*ambastanhin G;rmanian ibr;u m;[sakiz M;‘ Oyirin! 1919-in% L;'sious nor girq me frataraka‘ hr ªG;rmania ;u Fa\astan (1914-18)º! G;rman xørawar Liman von Sanders \ødoua‘ow me^ w;rnagr;al ª20-rd Dareº% pa,tpan;z a\n jhxe% jh fa\kakan t;[afanoujiunn;rn ou =ard;re t;[akan farz hin% ;u f;t;uabar G;rmanio\ piti cartønouhr mi=amt;l Jourqio\ n;rqin farz;roun! 1919-i amran% Kolnische Volkszeitung j;rje fa\oz fauaqakan spande ªA,.arfi patmouj;an m;‘ago\n oyireº nkat;z! Kar;li h% miavamanak% es;l jh incphs G;rmanio\ mh=% mi=axga\in mamoule ;us% ir endfanrouj;an mh=% ‘a‘k;z oyirn;re ;u anonz f;t;uanqn;re% incphs no\n no\ne erin a\l ;rkirn;rou grakan ;u oc-grakan fratarakoujiunn;re! Mart 15% 1921-in% ousano[ So[omon J;flir;an afab;k;z Jourqio\ N;rqin Gor‘oz Na.arar Jal;aj "a,an% P;rlini gl.auor fraparakin wra\ ou ];rbakalou;zau! |ounisin% datawarouj;an enjazqin% lsou;zan akanat;si srta®ouc wka\oujiunn;re fa\ w;rapro[n;roun% incphs na;u kardazou;zan L;'siousi t;[;kagirn;re! Datarane anpart ar]ak;z J;flir;ane% or ir ararqe gor‘a‘ hr m[oua‘ ocncazoumhn ir entaniqi bolor andamn;roun! 1922-in% Armin Ouhknhr lo\s en‘a\;z ªThe Scream From Araratº fatore! Y;mal "a,a g;rman;rhnow fratarak;z ir \ou,;re% our endoun;z 600%000 fa\;rou mafe% fa\oz xangoua‘a\in b®naga[j;roun famar a\pan;z Jal;aje ;u Hnwhre% jh;u w;r=auorouj;an pa,tpan;z oro,oume t;[afanouj;anz dhpi anapat% a\n patya®abanouj;amb% jh drdoua‘ ®ous;rhn% fa\;re a®a=in pat;fouj;amb piti da,ounafarhin k®nakhn Jourqio\ kowkas;an banake! L;'sious% ir kargin% 1919-hn 1922% fraparak;z au;li qan tasn;ak me j;rjikn;r (j®ouzikn;r)% ',aqa[ic .oragirn;row&ªAnh‘qi Kirye^ Q;ma.º% ªQriston;a\ Axgi me Mafouan Ou[inº% ªArzounqi ;u Ariuni :rkireº! Ir;n ar]agang fandisazan a\l gro[n;r ;us% incphs^ Martin Dade, Ewald Stier, Paul Rohrbach, Friedrich Loofs ;u Adolf Harnack! Øgostos 1920-i S;uri Da,nagire k*apafowhr fa\;rou pa,tpanoujiune% ;u anonz ke parg;uhr anka. axga\in øya. me (oroun mas ke kaxmhin na.kin Øsman;an Ka\srouj;nhn karg me fo[atara‘oujiunn;r% jh;u ,at au;li safmana'ak tara‘ouj;amb inc or Woutrø Ouilsen na.at;sa‘ hr)! Qani me amisn;r ;tq% jrqakan ka®awarouj;an banake \ar]ak;zau 1918-in (Ma\is) anka.ouj;an tiraza‘ Fa\astani vo[owrdawar p;touj;an wra\% grau;low karg me tara‘oujiunn;r! Ir kargin% Sow;takan Mioujiune ir makanin tak a®au mnaz;al mase Fa\astanin (apa da®nalow >orfrda\in fanrap;toujiunn;rhn mhke)! Ardar;u% Jourqio\ ou Sow;takan nor karg;roun mi=;u knqou;zau da,nagir me (Karsi da,nagir% Fokt;mb;r 13% 1921)% fakadrou;low S;uri da,nagri oro,oumn;roun! Axg;rou Likan t;[i touau! 1923-in% Jourqio\ f;t storagrou;zau Loxani Da,nagire (|oulis 24)% our c\i,atakou;zan fa\;re% ;u oc al^ ir;nz irauounqe anka. p;toujiun me oun;nalou!

A\soufand;r]% gragitouj;an makardake bar]r hr G;rmanio\ mh=& a\sphs% mamoulin ou ba®arann;rou mh= - Brookhaus (4 fator) ou baxmafator Meyers Lexikon – kar;li hr bauarar niuj gtn;l fa\kakan farzin masin% our Jal;aje k*ambastanouhr ibr;u ªsadriceº fa\kakan fala‘anqn;rounº% kam 1895-i ;u 1915-16-i dhpq;re koc;low wa\ragoujiunn;r (atrocities)! Bo[oqakan qaroxic L;'sious al% or qsanam;akh me iw;r fa\;rou yn,oua‘ go\awiyaki bar;lauoumin famar ke pa\qarhr% 1896-in% banawhyi me enjazqin ªArmenian atrocitiesº ;xrabanoujiune gor‘a‘;z! Ankh iw;r% a\s \or=or=oume troua‘ h a\laxan jouakann;roun t;[i oun;za‘ fa\oz fauaqakan =ard;roun! Ardar;u% 1896 ;u 1897-in% 6 \a=ordakan tpagrouj;anz (8000 ørinak) arvanazau Johanes Lepsius-i ªArmenia and Europeº wau;ragrakan fatore! Ir;n ar]agang fandisazan astoua‘aban Friedrich Naumann (1898)% ;u "Ethische Kultur" lragire^ "Armenische Greuel" \atkan,akan \ødoua‘ow! Fa\kakan farze ,arounak;z ar‘ar‘ouil Axg;rou Lika\i Bar]r |an]nakatar Fridtjof Nansen–i ko[mh% 1928-in fratarakoua‘ ªBetrogenes Volkº (Deceived Nation^ >aboua‘ Axge) fatorow! Anika a,.at;zau% miavamanak% >orfrda\in Fa\astani mh= ga[jaka\ann;r fastat;l! Anika ,our= 1 milion gnafat;z z;[aspanouj;an xof;roun jiue% isk pilionn;r^ go[zoua‘ incq;roun 'o.arvhqe! Magnus Hirscfeld-i "Sexual History of the World War" girqi B& fatorin mh=% lo\s en‘a\oua‘ 1930-in% 1&2 milion ke gnafatouhr Jourqio\ mh= bna=n=oua‘ fa\ qa[aqazin;rou jiue% gor‘adroua‘e orak;low A& Pat;raxmi m;‘ago\n oyire% or anza‘ hr encaqa[zouj;an% go[ouj;an% llkoumi ;u strkouj;an fangrouann;rhn! L;'siousi "Death March" (Qa\lar,au Dhpi Maf) girqin tpagroujiune 28000 ørinakn;row% Heinrich Vierbucher, banouorakan miouj;an me n;rka\azouzice% or ibr;u jargmanic ‘a®a\a‘ hr Liman von Sanders xørawarin 1915-16-in% ir wka\oujiunn;rowe% ou Dokt& M;lgon Qri,y;an% ir g;rman;rhn corrord girqow (1930)^ mhk milion fa\;rou bna=n=oumin ou g;rman m;[sakzouj;an bavnin famar& bolor w;ro\i,;aln;re ke dataparthin gor‘adroua‘ anmardka\in barbarosoujiunn;re fa\ vo[owourdin dhm! (<ar& 2) Jargm&^ Sargis |& Minas;an

WASTAKA<AT DIUANAGHTN OU PATMABANE <ar& h= 2-hn

Øsman;an ka\sroujiunoum! 2004 j& angl;rhn lo\s t;sau ªFa\;ri Kotora‘n;re 1894-1896 jj&º .oragrow fatore% our endgrkoua‘ ;n .ist kar;uor ar.iua\in ;u akanat;si wka\oujiunn;r% incphs na;u tou;al vamanaki mamouloum fratarakoua‘ \ødoua‘n;rn ou fa[ordoumn;re Aptoul Famit;an b®natirouj;an ,r=anoum kataroua‘ fa\;ri kotora‘n;ri masin! >ist kar;uor ;u ar.iua\in 'ast;ri fiman wra\ ,aradroua‘ mi kojo[a\in a,.atoujiun h na;u ªBritanakan Diuanagitoujiune ;u Ar;umtafa\ouj;an >ndire% 1830-1914 jj&º stouara‘aual fatore! A\n lo\s t;sau 1999 j& Fa\astani Gi-

toujiunn;ri Akad;mia\i Patmouj;an Institouti Gitakan >orfrdi ko[miz! Angl;rhn tarb;rake lo\s t;sau 2003 j& AMN-i ªKomitasº Fimnarkouj;an fratarakouj;an ko[miz% fowanauorouj;amb ªTolor;s Xøfrap Lipmanº Fimnadrami! N,;nq na;u% or a\s grqi fa\;rhn fratarakoujiune f;[inake nouir;l h ir fangouz;al før ‘nnd;an 70-am;akin! Irøq or lousafogi Yon Kirakos;ane mardka\in bar]r arvaniqn;row øvtoua‘ fa\r;nashr mi an]nauoroujiun hr! |arganq nra anmo®az \i,atakin!


12

NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013

DASTIARAKIC DASA>ØSOUJIUN ME

Toqj& Alhn Garakhøx;an

F&B&E&Miouj;an San ~;rnantø Fowiti W;j;rann;rou Warcoujiune kaxmak;rpa‘ hr a\s tarouan ir ;rkrord fraparaka\in dasa.øsoujiune% niuj oun;nalow ªKan.arg;lic Mi=oza®oumn;r Qronik Fiuandouj;anz Fandhpº! Dasa.øsoujiune t;[i oun;zau Manouk;anT;miry;an warvarani A[ayan;an Srafin mh=% ";trouar 28% Fing,abji ;r;ko\;an vame 7!30in% n;rka\ouj;an G;r,& :'r;m Arq& Japag;ani% warvaranin Fogabar]ouj;an andam ou Krjakan |an]na.oumbi at;nap;toufi Tik& S& Gara\;ani% tnørhn Prn& |& |akob;ani ;u entrani fasaraouj;an me! Fandisawar Toqj& Kirakos Minas;an n;rka\azouz ørouan x;kouzab;re^ Toqj& Alhn Garakhøx;ane% \atkaphs \a\tn;low% jh anika xauakn hr Thr ;u Tik& Andranik ou S;uta Garakhøx;ann;roun% oronq fimnadir fogabar]oun;rhn hin Bar;gor‘akani Manouk;an-T;miry;an ;rkr& warvaranin% our ir mi=nakarg ousoume staza‘ hr Alhn! Apa anika auart;lh ;tq Crespi Carmelite ;rkr& warvarane% ke \aya.hr University of California Irvine% ourkh ke wka\ouhr 1999-in Magistros Gitouj;anz tit[osow k;nsabanouj;an mh=! <arounak;low bar]rago\n ousoume bv,kakan git;liqn;rou ou[[ouj;amb% 2004-in ke wka\ouhr M;qsiqo\i ªUniversidad Autonoma de Guadaljaraº-hn% tari me ke f;t;uhr internship–i New York–i Harbour fiuandanozin mh=% ou w;r=aphs ke masnagitanar Entan;kan Bv,kouj;an (Family Practice) mh=% ambo[=azn;low 3 tarouan residence-in University of California Harbour–i mh=% wka\ou;low miavamanak California Medical Board–in ko[mh! Ankh iw;r% w;ro\i,;al masnagitouj;amb ke pa,tønawarh Kaiser fanra‘anøj Bv,kakan Fimnarkouj;an mh=% Woodland Hills, California! Prn& fandisaware \a\tn;z% jh mardik kan.arg;lic mi=oza®oumn;r a®n;lou hin oc mia\n qronik fiuandouj;anz fandhp% a\l endfanraphs ir;nz a®o[=ouj;an fog tan;lou hin kanou.hn% a®o[=apafakan parb;rakan stougoumn;r katar;low ar;an% yn,oumi% qol;sjroli% ,aqari% yarpa\in ;u a\l bardouj;anz a®a=qe a®n;lou famar! Toqj& A& Garakhøx;an bana.øsouj;nh au;li parx xro\zi ];uow enjazik a\l fimnakan t;[;koujiunn;r fa\ja\j;z% jou;low

Toqj& Kirakos Minas;an

amhnhn fimnakan qnnoujiunn;re% xors iuraqanciur anfat ];®nark;lou hr oro, tariqh me ;tq! A\sphs% ;raka\in yn,man% ar;an qnnouj;an – ,aqari% qol;sj;roli% y;rmak ou karmir gndikn;rou – Colonoscopy (10 tarin angam me^ 40-50 tar;kanhn sks;al)% mammogram ou pap smear (kananz)% PSA (amhn tari)% osteoporosis (65 tar;kanhn w;r)% arthritis, acqi% akan=i qnnoujiunn;r% ;ua\ln! Giroujiunn ou ,aqari bar]r qanake ar;an mh= krna\in diurau a®a=nord;l ar;an bar]r yn,man% ;rikamn;rou 'yazman ou kajoua‘i! N;rka\ vamanakn;rou

enkyoume (depression)^ ardiunq mhkh au;li axdakn;rou% sksa‘ h lour= au;rn;r gor‘;l m;r a®ør;a\ k;anqin mh=! |arg;li bvi,ke masnauorabar kar;uor;z vouvkal k;rakrakanone% ørakan 5 angam out;low% fimnakan snound fa\ja\j;lou famar marminin! Marxanqe% qal;le% wijamin C ;u D% ]kaniu[i lrazouzic øgtagor‘oumow% incphs na;u srskoumn;re (flu shot, tetanus) no\nphs anfrav;,t hin kaxmin a®o[= pafpanoumin famar! Dasa.øs-ounkndir bavine m;‘ a,.o\v \a®a=azouz n;rkan;roun møt% oronq ørouan x;kou-

zo[e o[o[;zin farzoumn;roun tara'ow^ Alzheimer–i% joqatapi% pa[arouj;an% qol;sj;roli% generic d;[;rou% .®kalou% sleep apnea (,ncarg;loujiun qouni mh=)% shingles-i% ;u a\lni masin! Kaiser-i ir fiuandn;roun møt vo[owrdakanoujiun wa\;lo[% ou dasa.øsouj;an enjazqin m;r ;ritasard bvi,kin fa\;rhnow ;u fa[ordakan lousabanoujiunn;re arvanazan n;rkan;rou =;rm gnafatanqin! Fauaqo\je ;xra'akou;zau Miouj;an Tiknanz Fowiti |an]na.oumbi fiurasirouj;amb! J[jakiz


THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013

ªARABAKAN GAROUNºE :U MI+IN AR:U:LQI FA|OUJIUNE <ar& h= 6-hn

mh= fauanakan or;uh n;rqin pat;raxmi me f;t;uanqn;rhn kam wnasn;rhn! Qic fauanakan h% or Libanani qriston;an;re ambo[= ja'ow masnakzin a\dpisi% siunni enddhm ,ii n;rqin pat;raxmi me! Sany;an% dit;l touau% or libananafa\oujiune^ 1958-i ;[ba\raspan a[hthn ;tq% miangamendmi,t oro,a‘ h irar dhm xhnq cbar]razn;l! Ir kar‘iqow% ªBolor fa\kakan kaxmak;rpoujiunn;re mhk kar;uor khti ,our= fama]a\n ;n% or fa\e fa\ou ariun phtq ch ja'h! A\s fama]a\noujiune tasnam;akn;rou k;anq ouni ardhn ;u au;li amrazau Libanani ;rkarat;u ariuaf;[ pat;raxmi ør;roun% ;rb fa\ qa[aqakan kousakzoujiunn;re chxoq dirq b®n;zinº! Sany;an^ a\s bavni auartin% nkat;z na;u or Mi=in Ar;u;lqi fa\oujiune iraphs \ogna‘ h tara‘a,r=ani ;rkarat;u pat;raxmn;rhn% anoro,oujiunn;rhn ;u asika patya®n;rhn mhkn h% or Fa\astan fastatou;lou ;raxe a\sør ;us anor famar t;sakanørhn ke mna\ frapouric!

ªNor Mi=in Ar;u;lq me^ a®anz qriston;an;rouº Sany;ani f;t m;r oun;za‘ xro\zi w;r=in bavnin mh=% patmabane^ patas.an;low% Mi=in Ar;u;lqi mh= apro[ qriston;a\ ;u \atkaphs fa\ fama\nqn;rou apaga\in masin farzoumi me% f;rq;z or a\sør Am;rika\i mh= ord;groua‘ h Mi=in Ar;u;lqe qriston;an;rh datark;lou \atouk qa[aqakanoujiun! Ba\z% a\nt;[ a®fasarak Mi=in Ar;u;lqi qriston;an;roun% n;ra®;al^ fa\;roun fandhp ka\ f;taqrqrouj;an m;‘ pakas! A\s pakase masamb ke b.i ar;umt;an ;rkirn;roun au;li a,.arfik da®nalou fangamanqhn! Sany;an esau& ªA\sør Mi=in Ar;u;lqi qriston;an;re counin artaqin a=akzoujiun% isk mafm;takann;re ounin m;‘ farstoujiun! A\s ør;rous% arabn;roun møt qa[aqakan ‘ragirn;re soworabar axga\in taraxow fandhs c;n gar% a\l au;li ,at^ krønakan! M;rør;a\ mafm;takann;roun møt al a®ka\ h ir;nz qa[aqakan ou sozial-tnt;sakan dvgofoujiunn;re krønakan ,[ar,ow arta\at;lou ;r;uo\je! (A\s ;r;uo\je kar na;u mi=nadaroun% incphs ørinak fa\ Paulik;ann;rou ;u Jondrak;ann;rou paraga\in!) Mafm;takan ‘a\ra\;[ fosanqn;re ir;nz niujakan n;zouke ke stanan ’ozi arabakan ;rkirn;rou faroust throujiunn;rhn! Ir;nz ga[a'ara.øsouj;amb islamistn;re k*oux;n ir;nq xir;nq pa,tpan;l Ar;umoutqhn kam a\sphs asa‘ Ar;umoutqi ªImphrialistakanº throujiunn;rhn ou anonz ga[a'ara.øsouj;nhn! Isk M;r]auor Ar;u;lqi qriston;an;re jo\l wiyaki mh= ;n parx anor famar% or anonq mas c;n kaxm;r ir;nz ;rkirn;rou qa[aqakan i,.anoujiunn;roun!º Sany;an wka\;z% or ª:giptosi mh= [ptin;re ke kaxm;n ;rkri bnakcouj;an tase tokose% ba\z ;rkri qa[aqakan endfanour patk;rin mh= t;[ counin! Iraqn a\sør^ Sattam Fiush\ni i,.anouj;an tapaloumhn ;tq% 'astørhn dar]a‘ h au;li islamakan ;rkir ;u ankh m;‘ajiu qristonan;r ga[ja‘ ;n! Sourio\ bnakcouj;an tase tokose qriston;an;r ;n% ba\z anonq ;us qa[aqakan famar;a o∞c mhk f;®ankar ke t;sn;n ou a\d patya®ow al minc;u fima ka®ca‘ ;n Pa,ar Asati i,.anouj;an! W;r=ins^ b®natirakan ellalow fand;r]% a,.arfik i,.anoujiun h ;u ke \argh bolorin krønakan axatoujiunn;re! Libanane bolorowin tarb;r patk;r ke n;rka\aznh qani or minc;u w;r=;rs% qriston;an;re a\s ;rkrin mh= m;‘ n;rouv ounhin% ba\z a\sør nouaxa‘ h anonz d;re% o∞c mia\n artaga[ji f;t;uanqow% a\l;u mafm;takann;rou jiui bnakan ayin ;u anonz farstazman patya®ow!º Sany;an Libanani fa\ouj;an masin ;xrakazouj;an me \ang;low esau jh ªfa\;rn a\sør au;li famafounc k*aprin Libanani qriston;a\ fatoua‘in f;t qan 1975-in! Libanani qriston;an;roun møt al xgali ;n artaga[ji fakoumn;re% isk fa\;roun famar au;li f;,t h Libanane lq;l orowf;t;u anonz m;‘ mase takauin Libanane ir pap;nakan ;rkire ci nkat;r!º Jh;u libananafa\;re t;sakanørhn ir;nz mtqin mh= ounin Fa\astan fastatou;lou zankoujiune% Sany;an mtawa.oujiun \a\tn;z or anonq fauanabar Fa\astan cga[j;n orowf;t;u w;r=inis enk;ra\in ;u tnt;sakan pa\mann;re Mi=in Ar;u;lqi fa\;roun famar a\sør bnau frapouric c;n! Au;li fauanakan h% or Mi=in Ar;u;lqi fa\;re ,arounak;n astiyanabar artaga[j;l dhpi Ar;umoutq! Auartin% Sany;an ;xrakazouz jh% ;jh dhpq;re a\sphs ,arounakouin% apa Mi=in Ar;u;lqi qriston;a\ fatoua‘n;re au;liow piti tkaranan ou a\d patk;rin dimaz islamistakan fatoua‘n;re au;liow piti fxøranan ou da®nan kazouj;an thre!

Ara Sany;an (Fama®øt k;nsagrakan gi‘;r) Ara Sany;ane Micigani Famalsarani Dirbo®ni masnayiu[in mh= fa\oz ou m;r]auor-ar;u;l;an patmouj;an dasa.øs h% incphs na;u t;[uo\n Fa\agitakan F;taxøtouj;anz K;droni warice! An ‘na‘ ou dprozakan krjoujiune staza‘ h Ph\rouji (Libanan) mh=! 1986-1991 jouakann;roun ousana‘ h :r;uani P;takan Famalsaranin mh=!

13

IM PAP:ROUS PHS FPART :rb ke banam ;rkiu[a‘^ mat;ane m;r patmouj;an% Ws;m a,.arfs fa\r;ni ke w;r\a®nh im dimaz% Ou n;rka\hn% anz;alin m;kno[ yamborde k*ellam% "latakin endmh=hn m;r 'a®q;roun kor‘ana‘! :u \ou,;rou mh= baxoum ;s mtaso\x^ farz kou tam&Fordan;rou barbaros wofmakn;roun mh= \auht^ Ogoroumh ogoroum incph#s pap;rs im krzan% :rkn;l andoul ;rkounqow w;f dproujiun ou arou;st! Pap;rs incph@s kangn;zin aparanqn;r ou tayar^ Ga[a'ari% t;silqi marmar;[hn ibr;u va\jq% :rb mafas'iu® b®nouj;an ke tirhr kamqe .auar% :rb a\loz 'a®qn hr ir;nz lok ;riwarn ou nixak! Incphs% incph@s 'ar;zan anonq mouryin ou mayin :u fog;uin t;ncazin ‘.anin ‘o@u.e andorr% :rb anfamar ouri,n;r lok thgn ir;nz yøy;zin% F;tq;rn ir;nz k®ounkin^ k;anqin ,irimn erin .or! A\l im pap;rs i@nc .ro.t oso.in dhm zzou;zan^ Lan=qin nman l;®n;rou^ fo[m;roun dhm mol;gna‘% Sasna\ Daujin journ fatou ka\‘ak;zi*n \a[jakan% Mtan damban f;rosi da'nin;row 'a®apan‘! Ou ktr;lh ;tq ou[in ma®a.lapat dar;rou Fama\nako*ul :[;®ni yamban krak ou au;r% Incph@s dar];al kangn;zan og;norog ;u fouvkou^ Darbn;lou ba.te ir;nz% k;rt;lou ,hn ostann;r! :rb ke banam fiazik^ mat;ane m;r patmouj;an% Fogiis mh= ou®yazo[ ke xgam .o\a*nq me anpart% :u k;anqin dhm ke zzouim ;s fauatqow m*ansasan% Im pap;rous phs ari% im pap;rous phs fpart!

|aroujiun Maj;an

OU<ADROUJIUN Aljatina\i mh= war]ou h Jhqh;an M,akouja\in Miouj;an W;ranorogoua‘ ou bar;xardoua‘ Ph,khøjiur;an k;droni g;[at;sil srafe% \armar bolor a®ijn;rou famar Manramasnouj;anz famar kar;li h f;®a]a\n;l Ghorg Qhø,khr;anin^ f;t;u;al jiuow&

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NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013

AXGA|NAKANOUJ:AN "O>AK:RPOUME <ar& h= 3-hn

go\at;uh ;rkrhn n;rs! Gl.auor jira.e% saka\n% qrtakan farzn h% ;u apa^ a\l 'oqramasnouj;anz irauasoujiunn;re! Incphs or q;malakan ,arvoume ]a.o[;zau^ Q;mal Ajajiurqi kirarka‘ jrqouj;an n;rqin sour fakasouj;anz patya®ow^ laicismi ;u islamakan krønamolouj;an mi=;u% a\nphs al Hrto[ani qaroxa‘ lip;ral jrqouj;an qa[aqakanoujiunn al fauanakan h or ]a.o[i% n;rqin no\nanman fakasouj;anz patya®ow! Incph#s kar;li h islam krønamol axga\nakanoujiune fa,t;zn;l vo[owrdawarakan ga[a'arn;rou f;t! Ardaroujiun ou Xargazoum qaroxo[ Hrto[ani kousakzoujiune ke gor‘akzi >a[a[oujiun ou Vo[owrdawaroujiun kousakzouj;an f;t% parxaphs m;‘amasnoujiun kaxm;lou famar .orfrdaranin mh=! Anika aknkal;li% enjazik ®axmawaroujiun men h qa[aqakan k;anqhn n;rs! Ba\z ankh andin% Hrto[ani npatake lou‘arqi ;njark;l h ;rkrhn n;rs qrtakan enddimoujiune% or ir ,ø,a';li jouaqanakin (,our= 15 milion) fangamanqow tarin;rh iw;r an=atoumi ;u anka.ouj;an ;raxanqn;r ke f;tapndh! A®a=na \in% lour= gl.azauanq men h ,r=ani ;rkirn;roun% manauand Iraqi ou Jourqio\ famar qrtakan ,arvoume i npast M;‘n Qiurtistani anka.ouj;an! Q;mal Ajajiurqi gauaxani kar‘r qa[aqakanoujiune cardiunauorou;zau& n;rka\is ke 'or]oui ,aqarapatoumi o[oqo[ diuanagitoujiune! Est Hrto[ani% n;rka\is i,.o[ ou da,nakiz dar]a‘ w;ro\i,;al ;rkou kousakzoujiunn;roun vamanak a®a‘ h yancnalou famar q;malakan warcakargin tirakalouj;an wnasakar ®axmawaroujiune! 90 tari# phtq hr andrada®nalou famar ;rkrin mh= tiro[ watjar kazouj;an! Ardarouj;an ;u fauasarouj;an bolor loxoungn;re% safmanadrouj;an bar;'o.oume% ou manauand Polso\ mh= mtauorakanouj;an .ixa. arta\a\toujiunn;re ou ];®q b;roua‘ axatakanouj;an mjnolorte qa=al;rakan n,ann;r ;n qriston;a\ ;u a\l 'oqramasnouj;anz famar! Jh qa[aqakan a\s bar;rar x;'iu®e orqa#n piti t;uh% ka.oum ouni qrtakan ,our= jnyoukin lou‘oumhn!

Jargm&^ Sargis |& Minas;an

"RO~& ÂICERT |OWFANNIS:AN&&& <ar& h= 6-hn

Koukkenfa\m (Guggenheim) Fimnarki andam h ;u Fa\astani Gitoujiunn;rou Axga\in Kaya®i S'iu®qhn entroua‘ a®a=in gitnakane 1990-in! An m;‘aroua‘ h Jewish World Watch, Facing History and Ourselves-i ;u AMN-i xanaxan axga\in% nafanga\in% marxa\in ou qa[aqa\in marminn;rou ko[mh! An arvanaza‘ h M;‘i Tann Kilikio\ Gar;gin B& ;u Aram A& Kajo[ikosn;rou% incphs na;u Am;na\n Fa\oz Kajo[ikosn;r Gar;gin A&i ;u Gar;gin B&i Kondakn;roun ou ,qan,ann;roun! 1998-in fimnoua‘ UCLA-i Nar;kazii anouan Fa\agitakan

Ampioni Bar;kamn;r Mioujiune famalsaranin ko[mh wau;razoua‘ øvandak kaxmak;rpoujiun men h^ nouiroua‘ fa\agitakan ousmanz xargazman! Bar;kamn;rou ko[mh Mart 16-in kaxmak;poua‘ fandisauor ya,k;ro\ji faso\jhn piti øgtouin Nar;kazii anouan Fa\agitakan ampionn ou a\z;lou dasa.øsn;rou ‘ragire! Fandisauor ya,k;ro\ji tomsaki ginn h $125% ousano[n;rou famar^ $70! Tomsakn;re kar;li h gn;l f;®a]a\n;low (323) 668-2609% (818) 249-3330 jiu;roun ;u kam Ani A\wax;anin% f;®& (818) 6218116% aniaivazian@hotmail.com! !

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S"IUÂQE APAGA| OUNI# <ar& h= 5-hn

Saka\n orqan la\nna\ Fa\ Dati kapakzouj;amb m;r a,.atanqa\in ‘ire% a\nqan au;li anonq m;xmh piti pafan=;n bard ou ‘aualo[ =anq^ mi=axga\in g;tni wra\% orphsxi au;li axdou ella\ m;r mi=amtoujiune i .ndir^ m;r datin ;u pafan=qn;roun% masnauorabar mi=axga\in n;rka\ qa[aqakan% tnt;sakan ;u a®;utrakan \arab;roujiunn;rou ;u mrzakzoujiunn;rou lo\sin tak! Phtq ch mo®nal jh axga\in pafan=atirouj;an gor‘e% a\spisi pa\mann;roun mh=% ke pafan=h fska\ n;rdroum me vamanaki% niujakan mi=ozn;rou% orakauor mardka\in karo[oujiunn;rou ;u f;t;uo[akan a,.atanqi^ mi=axga\in g;tni wra\ fastatoujiunn;rou% kaxmak;rpoujiunn;rou ;u p;toujiunn;rou Fa\ Dati nkatmamb ta‘a‘ drakan kam bar;kamakan tramadroujiunn;re ;u faskazo[oujiunn;re w;ra‘;lou qa[aqakan \an]na®arouj;anz! ;& Fa\astan-s'iu®q n;rda,nak gor‘akzoujiun! Fa\astani Fanrap;toujiune ir go\ouj;amb s'iu®qi go\at;uman ;u o\vi lauago\n ;ra,.iqe krna\ fandisanal! Fa\astan krna\ na;u gor‘nakan k;rpow øgn;l s'iu®qi^ fimnakan farz;rou ,our= famat;[ gor‘akzouj;an mjnolorte xargazn;lou famar am;nour;q! Ørinaki famar% Fa\astan-Jourqia fama]a\nagr;rou storagroujiune% a®anz s'iu®qi gitakzouj;an kam anor f;t .orfrdakzouj;an% zo\z touau Fa\astan-S'iu®q ;rk.øsouj;an pakas me% or at;nin .or ,'ojoujiun ;u fiasja'oujiun \a®a=azouz s'iu®qi mh=! Farz h saka\n jh a\spisi paragan;roun Fa\astani Fanrap;toujiune ibr;u p;takan ka®o\z orou# f;t krna\ .øsil ibr;u s'iu®qi liaxør n;rka\azouzic! O#w ke n;rka\aznh s'iu®qe! Fa\astani Fanrap;touj;an na.agaf Paron S;rv Sargis;an Fa\astan-Jourqia fama]a\nagr;rou gi‘ow No\;mb;r 2009 jouakanin Niu :orq toua‘ a\z;louj;an enjazqin Fa\astan-S'iu®q \arab;rouj;anz ;u a\d \arab;roujiunn;rou kargauorman dvouarouj;anz masin .øsa‘ at;n a\n kar‘iqe ke \a\tnhr jh dvouaroujiunn;rou fimnakan patya®e ke ka\anar a\n iro[ouj;an mh= jh ªS'iu®qe baxma,;rt h% baxmakar‘iq h% baxmab;u;® h% baxmal;xou h% ou baxmaga[a'arº ;u jh ªS'iu®qoum coun;nq mi marmin orin karo[ ;nq dim;l ;u a,.atilº! Ardar;u s'iu®qa\in k;anqin mh= famakargoumi d;r .a[alou kocoua‘ axga\in marmni me pakase krna\ apaga\in ;us qaosa\in wiyak me st;[‘;l o*c mia\n Fa\astan-S'iu®q \arab;roujiunn;roun mh=% a\l na;*u Fa\ Dati ;u s'iu®qi gor‘;rou tnørinoumin mh=! N;rka\ kazouj;an mh= o#w gith jh i#nc ke f;tapndh s'iu®qe ibr;u mia]o\l marmin! A\s gor‘enjazin mh= o#w ke wy®h jh \a=o[ kam ]a.o[ enjazqi mh= h s'iu®qe ir a,.atanqn;roun ;u gor‘ounhouj;anz mh=% orphsxi est a\nm ®axmawarakan ou[[ic mi=oza®oumn;r ];®q a®nouin ;u gor‘adrouin% ;rb pafan=qe ke xgazoui! O#w ke wy®h jh fastatoua‘ ca'ani,n;roun fama]a\n k∞enjanan jh oc a\s s'iu®qi xargazoumn;re ;u a,.atanqn;re% ;u jh i w;r=o\ incpisi# mi=ozn;r ];®q phtq h a®nouin ir lriu auartin faszn;lou s'iu®qi pafan=atirakan =anq;rou ambo[=akanoujiune! |stak h jh 21-rd daroun s'iu®qi a®=;u ‘a®azo[ farz;rn ou martafrauhrn;re au;li .rjin bno\j staza‘ ;n n;rka\is% ou f;t;uabar ke pafan=;n famas'iu®qa\in k;rpow famakargoua‘ mta\[azoum% gor‘enjazi ‘ragroum ;u iragor‘oum! Dvba.tabar s'iu®qe nman ardi kaxmak;rpcakan ka®o\z me couni a\spisi a,.atanq me \a®a= tan;lou ;u ir lroumin faszn;lou famar! M;xmh oc oq k*aknkalh or go\oujiun oun;zo[ m;r kaxmak;rpoujiunn;re% marminn;re ;u ka®o\zn;re lou‘ouin! M;xmh oc oq k*aknkalh or go\oujiun oun;zo[ m;r kaxmak;rpoujiunn;re% marminn;re ;u ka®o\zn;re dadr;zn;n ir;nz gor‘ounhoujiunn;re! M;r aknkala‘e parxaphs famas'iu®qa\in ka®o\z men h or ke famadrh axga\in =anq;re^ fimnakan npatakn;rou iragor‘oumi t;sakhthn% miavamanak jo\l talow or s'iu®q;an gor‘o[ ka®o\zn;re ,arounak;n ir;nz a,.atanqn;re inqnawar ];uow! Famakargoua‘ a\s møt;zoume ‘nound phtq h ta\ ®axmawarakan ;u orakakan ou[;zo\zi me% oroun fiman wra\ s'iu®qe i wiyaki ella\ miakam ,arv;lou mhk ou[[ouj;amb% paf;lou ;u pafpan;lou ir go\oujiune% npast;lou fa\r;niqi tnt;sakan% qa[aqakan% enk;ra\in xargazoumin ;u 'o'o.ouj;an ;u miavamanak ir \a=o[ lroumin faszn;lou Fa\ Dati ;u pafan=atirouj;an a,.atanqn;re! A\spisi famakargoua‘ xargazoum me o*c mia\n k∞apafowh s'iu®qi go\apafpanoume% a\l na;u k∞apafowh s'iu®qafa\ouj;an apagan! Oua,inkjon%

6 ";trouar%

2013

APAQINMAN MA{JANQ

Y<DOUM

Enk& Grigor Manouk;anin ko[akize^ Tik& Sona Manouk;an ;njarkoua‘ h wirabouvakan \a=o[ gor‘o[ouj;an me ;u a\vm ke bolorh kaxdourman ,r=ane fiuandanozin mh=! <outa'o\j ;u katar;al apaqinoum ke ma[j;nq Tik& Sona\in!

ªNor Ørºi ";trouar 28% 2013-i jiuin mh= Noupar Joqaj;ani ªM;r Gow;li Kana\qº banast;[‘ouj;an w;r=auorouj;an groua‘ h (Au;li qan 10 taroua\ kousakzakan enk;r)% phtq h ella\ (Au;li qan 70 taroua\ kousakzakan enk;r)! K*apauininq Enk& Joqaj;anin ;u m;r enj;rzo[n;roun n;ro[amtouj;an!

ªNor Ørº


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~OUJPOL

24 ~OUJPOLIST FRAUHR :N STAZ:L Incphs \a\tni h Marti 16-in :r;uani ªFanrap;takanº marxada,toum ka\analou h A,.arfi 2014 j& a®a=nouj;an entrakan 'ouli Fa\astan-C;.ia fandipoume! Go\oujiun oun;zo[ kargi fama]a\n axga\in fauaqakani .a[azo[n;re phtq h frauhr stanan oc ou,% qan pa,tønakan fandipoumiz 15 ør a®a=! Frauhrn;r ;n ou[arkou;l darpasapafn;r Âoman B;r;xowskiin% Ghorg Kasparowin% Arjour |aroujiun;anin% pa,tpann;r Âob;rt Arxouman;anin% Wal;ri Al;qsan;anin% Art\om >acatourowin% |owfannhs Fambar]oum;anin% Tarøn Oskan;anin% Kamø |owfannis;anin% Artak :digar;anin% Al;qs Hnrikh da Silwa\in% Arjour Auag;anin% kisapa,tpann;r F;nri. M.ijar;anin% Karhn Mourad;anin% Arax Øxbilisin% Markos Pix;liin% Ghorg {axar;anin% Hdgar Malaq;anin% Xauhn Bado\;anin% \ar]akouo[n;r Nora\r Aslan;anin% :oura Mowsis;anin% Hdgar Manoucar;anin% Mi.a\il Markosowin% Arjour Sarkisowin! Au;lazn;nq% or a\s zouzake w;r=nakan ch ;u d;® karo[ h ;njarkou;l 'o'o.oujiunn;ri! Frauhrn;r c;n staz;l Fra\r Mko\;ane ;u Karlhn Mkrtc;ane% oronq a\s .a[in c;n karo[ masnakz;l qani or orakaxrkou;l ;n!

:OURA MOWSIS:ANE W:RAKANGNUOUM H Ispania\oum ir ousoumnamarxakan fauaqn anzkazno[ Moskoua\i ªSpartakeº stougo[akan .a[oum 2-0 fa,ouow \a[j;l h norw;gakan ªÂous;nborginº! :rkou kol;rn hl .';z FF fauaqakani \ar]akouo[ :oura Mowsis;ane! |i,;zn;nq% or minc a\d .a[e :ourann ªSpartakiº kaxmoum masnakz;l hr endamhne mhk fandipman% oroum no\nphs karo[az;l hr koli f;[inak da®nal! A\d .a[iz \;to\ Mowsis;ane wnasoua‘q hr staz;l ;u chr masnakzoum ªSpartakiº stougo[akan .a[;rin! W;r=in .a[oum ªSpartakeº 2-0 fa,ouow \a[j;z Norw;gia\i a.o\;an ªMoldhinº% Mowsis;ane .';l h mhk kol ;u katar;l mhk kola\in 'o.anzoum! Oura. ;nq% or :ouran w;rakangnou;l h ;u nran zankanoum ;nq qa=a®o[=oujiun! Na ,at phtq h FF fauaqakanin C;.ia\i fauaqakani dhm .a[oum! • FF ;ritasardakan fauaqakani ;u l;fakan ªLo]iº kisapa,tpan A[ouan Papik;ane minc;u mrza,r=ani auarte pa\managir h knq;l Moskoua\i ªSpartakiº f;t! Na fandhs ke ga\ war]awyarow! ªSpartakeº Papik;anin \a\tauor;l h pr;mi;r lika\i mrza,aroum fandhs galou famar! Fa\ `oujpoliste karo[ h fandhs gal ªSpartakiº% incphs fimnakan% a\nphs hl ;ritasardakan kaxmoum 94 famari marxa,apikow! • FF fauaqakani pa,tpan Âob;rt Arxouman;ane ;rkam;a\ pa\managir h knq;l {axa.stani a®a=nouj;an pronxh m;talakir ªAktobhiº f;t! • FF fauaqakani auag marxic Wardan Minas;ane as;l h% or f;t;u;lou h ouxb;kakan Ta,q;ndi ªLokomotowizº ªPa.takorº t;[a'o.oua‘ >orhn |owfannis;ani ordou Vora\i .a[in! N,;nq or Ouxb;kstani a®a=nouj;an 1-in mrza'ouloum |owfannis;ani jime \a[j;l h 2-0 fa,ouow ;u Voran .';l h kol;riz mhke ;u katar;l mhk 'o.anzoum!

KA|AZAN QAÂORD :XRA"AKICI AÂA+IN FANDIPOUMN:RE Marti 2-in ;u 3-in ka\azan Fa\astani gauaji qa®ord ;xra'akici a®a=in fandipoumn;re!

MARXAKAN

LOUR:R

AU:TIS BA|RAM:AN

ªNa\iriº marxada,toum Martounou ªAla,k;rteº% orn .a[arkoujiuniz dours hr jo[;l ªBananzinº% fandip;z ªGan]asariº f;t! Fandipoumn auartou;z kolaxourk oc-oqiow! ªGan]asareº famalrou;l h praxilazi \ar]akouo[ Dou Bala\ow% ow na.kinoum fandhs h ;k;l ªBananzoumº! Oc-oqiow saka\n 2-2 fa,ouow auartou;z ª"iunikº-ªImpoulsº fandipoume! Giumrioum mrz;zin ª<iraknº ou ªArarateº! Fandioumn auartou;z 1-0 fa,ouow! ª<irakizº koli f;[inak dar]au Dam Diope! Auani `oujpoli akad;mia\oum ka\aza‘ ªOulisº-ªMikaº fandipoumn hl auartou;z kolaxourk oc-oqiow! Patas.an fandipoumn;re ke ka\anan Marti 12-13-in!

FA| FRA}IGN:RN ARVANAZAN PRONXH M:TALI Dania\oum enjazo[ :uropa\i a®a=nouj;an m;knarke \a=o[ hr FF fauaqakani famar! Ødamou[ fra]gouj;an ;ritasardn;ri tariqa\in .mboum waxo[ jira. 10 m& .a®e waxq marxa];uoum Fa\astani fauaqakane Ouqrania\i ;u ~inlandia\i fauaqakann;riz \;to\ grau;z 3-rd t;[e ;u arvanazau pronxh m;tali! M;r jimi kaxmoum fandhs ;kan Âaxmik Minas;ane% <anj Sargs;ann ou Arjour P;tros;ane! :ritasardn;ri tariqa\in .mboum ka\aza‘ ødam[ic frazaniz 10 m& tara‘ouj;an mrzoumn;roum FF n;rka\azno[ Frac Baba\;ane 614&5 miauorow 56 marxikn;ri mh= grau;z 20-rd t;[e% isk Sourhn B;r;ane^ 605&3 miauorow^ 49-rdn hr!

’ANRAMARTI :UROPA|I AÂA+NOUJIUNOUM FA|ASTANE FANDHS KE GA| OC AMBO{+AKAN KAXMOW ªAprili 8-14-e Alpania\i ma\raqa[aq Tirana\oum ka\analiq :uropa\i ‘anramarti a®a=noujiunoum Fa\astane fandhs ke ga\ oc ambo[=akan kaxmowº& as;l h FF ‘anramarti da,nouj;an gl.auor qartou[ar^ "a,ik Auag;ane! Ke masnakz;n mi qani marxikn;r! Imastn a\n h% or phtq h marxikn;rin fnarauoroujiun tal na.apatrastou;l a,.arfi a®a=nouj;ane% ore ;us warkani,a\in h ølimpiakan .a[;ri famar! :r;uani ølimpiakan f;rja'o.i marxakan qolhyoum anzkazoua‘ FF a®a=noujiunoum \a[jo[ ;n dar];l Arman Qa'anakz;ane (56 qk&)% ’;roun A®aq;l;ane (62 qk&)% Wladik Karap;t;ane (69 qk&)% Andranik Karap;t;ane (77 qk&)% Tigran Karap;t;ane (85 qk&)% Karou, {oukas;ane (94 qk&)% Simon Martiros;ane (105 qk&) ;u Go® Minas;ane (105 qk&-iz bar]r)! Kananz pa\qaroum a.o\;ani tit[ose nouay;l ;n Hl;n Grigor;ane (48 qk&)% Anna Gow;l;ane (53 qk&)% Ixap;lla :a\il;ane (58 qk&)% Âoxa Au;tis;ane (63 qk&)% Ar;uik Papik;ane (69 qk&)% M;linh Douloux;ane (75 qk&) ;u ~lora :[iaxar;ane (75 qk&-iz bar]r)! A®a=noujiunn anzkazou;z a®o[= mrzakzouj;an pa\mann;roum ;u acqi enkau masnakizn;ri m;‘ qanakow! Masnakz;zin 126 marxik^ 34 a[=ik ;u 92 t[a\! :r;uanoum k*anzkazoui na;u Fa\astani patanin;ri a®a=noujiune! A\s a®a=noujiuniz k*entrou;n marxikn;r% owq;r ke masnakz;n Aprili 5-13-e Ouxb;kstani ma\raqa[aq Ta,q;ntoum ka\analiq patanin;ri a,.arfi a®a=nouj;ane! A\s a®a=noujiune warkani,a\in h% a\n kar;uor h 2014 j& patan;kan ølimpiakan .a[;ri famar!

GARI KASPAROW& ªKAÂLS:NE PHTQ H DAÂNA| A<>ARFI 16-RD A>O|:ANEº NRA AM:NALOUR+ MRZAKIZE L:UON ARON:ANN H Magnous Ka®ls;ni f;t a,.at;l ;m mhk tarouz au;li% 2009-iz% Wh\q an X;hi mi mrza,ariz minc;u miuse! Da ,at f;taqrqrakan a,.atanq hr! D;®;us 2004-in nra f;t Âh\k;awikoum arag ,a.mati mrza.a[ anzkazn;low famoxou;l hi% or Ka®ls;ne ~i,;ri ;u Karpowi tramaca'i iura\atouk ta[and h! Ousti ;rb a®a=ark staza\ a,.at;lou Ka®ls;ni f;t% sirow fama]a\nou;zi! Zankanoum hi ouv;rs 'or]ark;l na;u marxcakan a,.atanqoum! Nman 'or] ounhi Botwinniki anouan dprozoum 1986-87-in a,.at;lis! Ka®ls;ni w;r=in ,r=ani ;lo\jn;rn apazouzoum ;n im gou,akoujiunn;ri irauazioujiune% or npatakaslaz a,.atanqi dhpqoum na ke g;raxanzi bolor mrzani,n;re! I dhp na ~ID:-i anfatakan warkani,ow g;raxanz;z im mrzani,e% orn ansasan hr 13 tari (1999-2012) ,arounak! <outow m;knark;liq \auaknordn;ri mrza,aroum norw;gazi grosma\st;re \a[jo[i fimnakan j;kna‘oun h! Jh;u c;m karo[p 100 tokosow wstaf lin;l% or na anpa\man \a[jo[ ke da®na\! Ka®ls;nn a\sør irøq a,.arfi ouv;[ago\n ,a.matistn h% ousti tramabanakan ke lini% or na f®cakoui a,.arfi 16-rd a.o\;ane! Au;li xarmanali ke lini ;jh nran c\a=o[oui nouay;l a,.arfi a.o\;ani tit[ose! Lontonoum Ka®ls;nin ke dimagrau;n >SFMoum ‘noua‘ 7 grosma\;st;rn;r% oronziz 3-e (Kramnik% Gri,couk% Swidl;r) ®ous ;n! :ln;low ,a.mata\in tramabanoujiuniz% Magnous Ka®ls;ni am;nairakan mrzakize L;uon Aron;ann h! Na ,at h a,.atoum! Fa\astanoum m;‘ ou,adrujiun h dar]uoum ,a.matin ;u L;uone ,at ouv;[ jim ouni! Jh ir tariqow% jh \a[j;lou wy®akanouj;amb L;uone karo[ h lr=ørhn mrzakz;l Ka®ls;ni f;t! Kramnikn hl fa,ouiz chi fani% nra entaniqoum 2-rd ;r;.an h ‘nou;l! Na entaniqin nouiroua‘ an]nauoroujiun h ;u entan;kan fogs;re nran karo[ ;n oro, ca'ow ,;[;l ,a.matiz! Isk afa Magnousn ambo[=owin k;ndronazoua‘ h ,a.ati wra\! |auaknordn;ri mrza,are k*oro,i% jh ow h ,a.mata\in jage wiyark;lou Anandi f;t! Nra .a[oum ankoum h nkatuoum! Ousti Lontoni mrza,ari \a[jo[e fianali fnarauoroujiun k*oun;na\ partouj;an matn;lou Anandin!

LRAZR:ZIN GROSMA|ST:RI :U MI+AXGA|IN WARP:TI ZOUZANI<:RE :r;uanzi 19-am;a\ ,a.matist Âob;rt A[asar;ane ;u Nikida Matin;ane (ÂD) Moskoua\i baz a®a=noujiunoum lrazr;l ;n grosma\st;ri zouzani,e! 18-am;a\ Karhn Grigor;ane `ransiazi Âo,`or qa[aqi baz a®a=noujiunoum lrazr;z grosma\st;ri zouzani,e! 22-am;a\ ;r;uanzi ,a.matistoufi Arminh Baba\;ann hl Irani Ma,fad qa[aqi baz a®a=noujiunoum lrazr;l h mi=axga\in warp;ti zouzani,e!

W;r=in vam&Grosma\st;r Grigor S;uak M.ijar;an f®cakoua‘ h ,a.mati Praxilia\i a.o\;an!


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NOR ØR% MART 7% 2013


Nor Or 7 March 2013