Page 1

Kirei The Better Lifestyle

Open Relationships Thr truth behind whether they’re good or bad

Become The Perfect Housewife with these fun tricks!

Don’t Do That

The What Effect?

Check out The Flappy Bird Effect to catch up on the lates fads


Life Hacks The faster way to go about your day

These tasty treats will spice up any of your parties

Uh -Oh, here’s what not to do out of the country

The Giving Tree Go Go Gadget FYI

Language Of The World

Type Magazine.indd 1

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Pages Type Magazine.indd 2

3-6 7-8 9-12 13-14 15-16 17-20 20 21-24 25-27 28 5/1/14 5:54 AM

The Open Relationship Go Go Gadget The Good Housewife Don’t Do That! The Giving Tree The Flappy Bird Effect Life Hacks Turkish Delights Language Of The World FYI Type Magazine.indd 3

5/1/14 5:54 AM


The Open Relationship What really goes ito an open relationship. Do they last? What is the best way to succeed

Type Magazine.indd 4

5/1/14 5:54 AM


. If a person attempts to approach their committed An open relationship is an interpersonal relationship in which the parties want to be monogamous partner about starting an open relationtogether but agree to a form of a non-monogamous relationship. This means that they ship, the monogamous partner may convince or force agree that a romantic or intimate relationship with another person is accepted, perthem to either stay monogamous or pursue a new mitted, or tolerated. Generally, an open relationship is when the parties involved have partner. There may also be concern that when begintwo or more romantic or sexual relationships occurring at the same time either as a ning an open relationship, a partner may become only short term relationship, such as dating, or long term relationship, such as marriage. concerned in their personal development and pay less The concept of an open relationship has been recognized since the 1970s. There are several different styles of open relationships. These include: Multi-partner relationships, attention to their partner. In Constantine & Constantine (1971), the researchers found that 80% of particbetween three or more partners where a sexual relationship does not occur between all ipants in open relationships had experienced jealousy of the parties involved. Hybrid relationships, when one partner is non-monogamous at one point or another. Cultural pressure may also and the other is monogamous. Swinging, in which singles or partners in a committed relationship engage in sexual activities with others as a recreational or social activity. To dissuade switching to an open relationship. There is a commonly held societal stereotype that those involved a large degree, open relationships are a generalization of the concept of a relationship in open relationships are less committed or mature beyond monogamous relationships. A form of open relationship is the open marriage, than those who are in monogamous relationships; and in which the participants in a marriage have an open relationship. Open relationships films, media, and self-help books present the message may be further classified into open groups and closed groups. In open groups, multiple that to desire more than one partner means not havpartners may change at any time and tend to contain three types of participants: core ing a “true” relationship. Desiring an open relationmembers, associated members, and affiliated members. Core members are those parship is also often claimed to be a phase that a person is ticipants who have been sexually intimate with several others; associated members are passing through before being ready to “settle down”. those who are involved sexually with at least two members of the group, and affiliated members, are those people who believe in a similar philosophy accepted by others and are seen as members of the group even though they are only involved with their mate, the core member. In a closed group, all participants are core members. The term open relationship is sometimes used interchangeably with the closely related term polyamory, but the two concepts are not identical. Some believe that open relationships occur more frequently in certain demographics, such as the young rather than The logistics of an open relation may be difficult to cope with, especially if the partners reside together, the old in America, including, more specifically, the college-educated middle-class, split finances, own property, or parent children. One rather than the uneducated working-class, or people of certain ethnic and/or other of the most significant factors that aids a relationship racial minorities. Open relationships may also be more common among females rather in being successful is that it is about making the relathan males, especially those in the same categories, such as college-educated, midtionship fit the needs of all parties involved. No two dle-class, white, younger Americans. This may be because women have more to gain open relationships will be the same, and the relationby stressing this idea of equal rights, and that the women’s rights movement supports ship will change due to the current circumstances at the idea of open relationships. Although not all of these have yet been proven within each specific moment. The style of the open relationstudies, one idea that has been supported is that those living further away from paship will mirror the parties’ involved values, goals, rental guidance are more likely to partake in open relationships. A 1974 study showed desires, needs and philosophies. The most successful that male students who either cohabit or live in a communal group are more likely to relationships have been those that take longer to estabbecome involved in open relationships rather than females, and are still more interest- lish. By taking the time to develop a clear idea of what ed in the concept than females even if not participating in open relationships. Many both partners want out of the openness of a relationcouples within open relationships are dual-career, meaning that both primary partners ship, it allows the parties involved to self-reflect, prohave a stable job and/or a career. Both men and women in these, especially in closed cess their emotions, deal with possible conflicts, and groups, are also more likely to be in managerial jobs. Most also are either childfree, or find ways to cope with the change from monogamy to post child-rearing. An open relationship may form for various reasons. These include: non-monogamy. Negotiating the details of the open a difference emerging between two people in a relationship one partner realizing that relationship is important throughout the communithey are unable to fulfill the other’s needs varying sex drive between partners one or cation process. when partners live in separate parts of both partners desiring more freedom, companionship, intellectual variety, or a variety the world for part or all of the time sex may be more of sexual partners a need for challenge: some people feel that their relationship is pleasing, and the participants may engage in it more inadequate unless they are being challenged. Open relationships may create a sense of frequently than those in an average couple. Many jealousy, attachment, or possessiveness, all of which are challenges for a relationship couples consider open relationships, but choose not to work through. These emotions can also lead to greater self-awareness which may to follow through with the idea. If a person attempts be seen as satisfying to those in open relationships. the enjoyment of new relationship to approach their committed monogamous partner energy, the state of heightened emotional and sexual receptivity and excitement expeabout starting an open relationship, the monogamous rienced during the formation of a new relationship being able to meet other couples partner may convince or force them to either stay and individuals with a similar outlook with whom the participants can connect with on monogamous or pursue a new partner. There may also an intellectual and emotional level personal issues, using sex with different people as a be concern that when beginning an open relationform of distraction from certain problems. (having troubles in a dysfunctional family, ship, a partner may become only concerned in their lacking friends, having been cheated on and trying to compensate for it, working in a personal development and pay less attention to their stressful environment) or as a way of proving oneself that he/she is sexually attractive partner. Jealousy is often present in monogamous being in a relationship of convenience, that is, one that is not based on mutual feeling relationships, and adding one or more partners to the of love towards each other (anymore), but rather on economic or social factors distance relationship may cause it to increase. Results of some - when partners live in separate parts of the world for part or all of the time sex may studies have suggested that jealousy is the problem be more pleasing, and the participants may engage in it more frequently than those in in open relationships because the actual involvement an average couple. Many couples consider open relationships, but choose not to follow of a third party is seen as a trigger. In Constantine & through with the idea. Constantine (1971),

Type Magazine.indd 5

5/1/14 5:54 AM


the researchers found that 80% of participants in open relationships had experienced jealousy at one point or another. Cultural pressure may also dissuade switching to an open relationship. There is a commonly held societal stereotype that those involved in open relationships are less committed or mature than those who are in monogamous relationships; and films, media, and self-help books present the message that to desire more than one partner means not having a “true” relationship. Desiring an open relationship is also often claimed to be a phase that a person is passing through before being ready to “settle down”. The logistics of an open relation may be difficult to cope with, especially if the partners reside together, split finances, own property, or parent children. One of the most significant factors that aids a relationship in being successful is that it is about making the relationship fit the needs of all parties involved. No two open relationships will be the same, and the relationship will change due to the current circumstances at each specific moment. The style of the open relationship will mirror the parties’ involved values, goals, desires, needs and philosophies. The most successful relationships have been those that take longer to establish. By taking the time to develop a clear idea of what both partners want out of the openness of a relationship, it allows the parties involved to self-reflect, process their emotions, deal with possible conflicts, and find ways to cope with the change from monogamy to non-monogamy. Negotiating the details of the open relationship is important throughout the communication process. Topics that are commonly found in negotiations between couples include honesty, the level of maintenance, trust, boundaries and time management.

Type Magazine.indd 6

Other tools that couples utilize in the negotiation process include allowing partners to veto new relationships, prior permission, and interaction between partners. This helps to reassure each partner in the relationship that his/ her opinion is important and matters. However, although ability to veto can be a useful tool in negotiation, a successful negotiation and open relationship can still occur without it. Some reject veto power because they believe it limits their partner from experiencing a new relationship and limits their freedom. Types of boundaries include physical, which is along the lines of not touching someone without permission being given; sexual boundaries; and emotional boundaries, which is avoiding the discussion of specific emotions. Boundaries help to set out rules for what is and is not acceptable to the members of the relationship. They also help people to feel safe and that they are just as important in the open relationship as their partners. Examples of boundaries that are set could include: Who (geographically and interpersonally, such as in the community, friends, family, et cetera) could be an additional partner; What types of physical limits are placed on that relationship (kissing, dating, or other sexual activities) Whether sexual relations will take place in a separate bedroom or playroom. Some couples create a physical relationship contract. These can be useful in not only negotiating, but also clearly articulating the needs, wants, limits, expectations, and commitments that is expected of the parties involved. Adequate time management can contribute to the success of an open relationship. Even though it is common to have a serious commitment with one partner, it is still important to negotiate the time spent between all partners.

Although it is common to see the desire to give an unlimited amount of love, energy and emotion to others, the limited amount of time in a day limits the actual time spent with each partner. Some find that if they cannot evenly distribute their time that they forego a partner. Time management can also be related to equity theory, which stresses the importance of fairness in relationships. Swinging is a form of open relationship in which the partners in a committed relationship engage in sexual activities with others at the same time. Swingers may regard the practice as a recreational or social activity that adds variety or excitement into their otherwise conventional sex lives or for curiosity. Swingers who engage in casual sex maintain that sex among swingers is often more frank and deliberative and therefore more honest than infidelity. Some couples see swinging as a healthy outlet and means to strengthen their relationship. Swinging can take place in various contexts, ranging from spontaneous sexual activity involving partner swapping at an informal social gathering of friends, a formal swinger party or partner-swapping party to a regular gathering in a sex club (or swinger club) or residence. Polyamory is the practice, desire, or acceptance of having more than one intimate relationship at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved. It is often described as consensual, ethical, or responsible non-monogamy. The word is sometimes used in a broader sense to refer to sexual or romantic relationships that are not sexually exclusive, though there is disagreement on how broadly it applies; an emphasis on ethics, honesty, and transparency all around is widely regarded as the crucial defining characteristic.

5/1/14 5:54 AM


While “open relationship” is sometimes used as a synonym for “polyamory” or “polyamorous relationship” the terms are not synonymous. The “open” in “open relationship” usually refers to the sexual aspect of a non-closed relationship, whereas “polyamory” refers to the extension of a relationship by allowing bonds to form (which may be sexual or otherwise) as additional long term relationships. This term and “friends with benefits” are fairly recent, having come about within the past few decades. A subset of polyamory is polyfidelity. These are relationships that use an evenly distributed rotating sleeping schedule that determines who sleeps together and when. In this type of relationship, no one sleeps with anyone outside of those originally involved in the group. There are several different definitions of an open relationship. From a non-sexual standpoint, an open relationship is where both partners hide nothing from each other, including their past relationships and sexual experiences. However from a sexual standpoint, an open relationship signifies a relationship where both partners have agreed that monogamy, sexual fidelity or exclusivity are not expected. Some people equate an open relationship with polyamory. Although the two might define a similar interaction where everyone involved can date or have a relationship with other people, polyamory focuses more on the experience of romantically loving more than one person at a time, as opposed to an open relationship which merely refers to people being committed to one another yet non-exclusive. Open relationships differ from no strings attached relationships, in that there is no commitment with a no strings attached arrangement. A friends with benefits relationship also differs from an open relationship, although the two terms can describe the same relationship. Whereas friends with benefits offer sexual companionship between two friends, it doesn’t imply a level of commitment or exclusivity. Admit it. You love her, you really do, but sometimes you’d like some . . . variety. Perhaps a different body type. Or maybe you’d like to see or hear how someone else responds to your moves. It’s tough to suppress that natural “hunter” instinct. You’re not the only one playing video games well into the night to get that chick at the office out of your head. With about 50% of marriages ending in divorce, many reporting infidelity as the reason, some couples are challenging the boundaries of traditional relationships in order to keep the spark. Call them cheaters, swingers, or “whatever couples”—the bottom line is these couples buck monogamy for a more open approach to their relationship. Sex with another person is allowed, but it’s not flaunted or discussed outside the household. Their openness isn’t a license to bed everything in sight—respect and discretion rule. Those who’ve tried it say it isn’t always easy. But what if you could actually make it work?

Type Magazine.indd 7

“There are the kind people engage in because their partner is a rock star or a politician and they’re getting something else out of the situation, like status. And then the other category is when it’s just a person who likes to have sex with a lot of other individuals. Both types of relationships can survive, but you have a lot of minefields to overcome to make it happen.” Philip Gale*, a 28-year-old Hollywood agent who lives in Los Angeles, learned that the hard way. He knew his girlfriend, Elizabeth*, wasn’t faithful, but he came to terms with it—or so he thought—because she always brought home girls for him. “It was a lot of fun. I never had a relationship like that, but then it started to get to me,” he says. “My pride couldn’t take her seriously. I didn’t like that she wanted to share me.” Although they still hook up every now and then (extra girl included), Philip and Elizabeth are no longer together. Others, however, have actually made the “whatever” concept work. Here are their tales: Rapper Pitbull, 26, takes an extremely different approach to his relationship of nine years compared with that of other guys in hip-hop. The Cuban artist lives by the words Ojos que no ven, corazon que no siente, which loosely translates to “What the eyes don’t see, the heart doesn’t feel,” he says. “I’m not going to be worried about what she does when I’m not around. I think men are more bitches than women. They let their ego and insecurities come into play.” Obviously, that means he gets to do whatever, too. In fact, the problem comes more from when her friends call her when they see Pitbull out with other girls. “She’s always like, ‘Yeah, I know, he told me.’ Other people’s bullshit doesn’t affect us. We talk about everything,” he says. Most of Pitbull’s friends in Miami aren’t as open, and they think he’s a bit nuts. “At the same time, they’ll be like, ‘Damn, I wish I had a relationship like yours,’” he says.

Guys like the idea of freedom for themselves, but the thought of their girl doing the same is too much to handle. “Men have to under- stand that women are loyal,” he says, perhaps naively. “If she gets something she likes, she’ll stick with it.” “People are stuck on what’s normal, what’s right, what’s wrong,” Pitbull adds. “Well, maybe what’s right to you is wrong to me. A couple from Kansas probably can’t even begin to imagine the kind of stuff I’ve done or the type of relationship I have. What counts at the end of the day is everybody being happy. Once upon a time, if you lived in a small town, your options for the opposite sex were limited. You picked the hottest girl at your high school (or at least the hottest one you could get), married her, and enjoyed your small-town life. Jake Scott*, 26, an investment banker originally from Virginia Beach, started getting into trouble the moment he moved to New York City. “My high school sweet- heart followed me to college, so it wasn’t hard to stay faithful there,” he says. “Moving to the big city and traveling the world for work was another story.” Although they married shortly after graduation from Pamplin College of Business at Virginia Tech, he started cheating on her within months. When his wife was pregnant with their first child, he stopped, but he resumed three months after she gave birth to their son. “I felt so bad, but I started to feel like I had made a mistake getting married so young,” Jake says. “It sounds like a complete cop-out, but I felt I wouldn’t be happy if I didn’t have the freedom to experiment.” Although Jake simply figured this phase would pass and he’d eventually stop “experimenting,” he didn’t realize his wife was doing the same thing. That changed the day he spotted an unused condom in her purse. Instead of being mad, he was relieved. “I can’t explain why I didn’t flip out. I guess my own guilt forced me to deal with it logically,” he says. That night they had a long, frank conversation about their relationship.

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Go Go Gadget Where we take a look at this month’s coolest inventions

Jeremy Clarkson hosts Inventions That Changed The World, a series which tells the stories behind some of the most significant inventions which have helped shape the world we live in today. Our daily lives are governed by inventions. From what we wear to the food we eat and our methods of travel - it’s all been invented or significantly altered by inventions. But sometimes an invention comes along that doesn’t just change the way we do things but changes the world. Inventions That Changed The World examines not only how and why life altering inventions got off the ground in the first place, but also how they created a domino effect spawning other essential inventions in their wake. Beginning with the gun, Jeremy reveals that successful attempts to create ever more lethal weapons have not only shaped the world but led directly or indirectly to all of the following: the industrial revolution; the production line; cowboy films; street lighting; the car exhaust pipe and the development of trauma medicine.

Type Magazine.indd 8

7 Other inventions covered in the series include: The computer, without which we couldn’t fly planes, drive cars or even run our dishwashers; The jet which plays a key part in our weather, mass tourism and outbreaks like SARS; The telephone which was invented by mistake by a man trying to make a humming telegraph. The telephone has not only changed the way we do business but also led to the development of the Internet; The television which was invented by two men with wildly different visions: John Logie Baird, a Scotsman, and a 14-year old American Mormon, Philo T Farnsworth, both died unrewarded but their invention, Jeremy reveals, helped win the Battle of Britain. Throughout the series Jeremy gives his own passionate and witty take on some of the inventions and inventors that he believes have helped change the course of history. An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product, or a new process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique

function or result may be a radical breakthrough. Such works are novel and not obvious to others skilled in the same field. Some inventions can be patented. A patent legally protects the intellectual property rights of the inventor and legally recognizes that a claimed invention is actually an invention. The rules and requirements for patenting an invention vary from country to country, and the process of obtaining a patent is often expensive. Another meaning of invention is cultural invention, which is an innovative set of useful social behaviors adopted by people and passed on to others. The Institute for Social Inventions collected many such ideas in magazines and books. Invention is also an important component of artistic and design creativity. Inventions often extend the boundaries of human knowledge, experience or capability. The idea for an invention may be developed on paper or on a computer, by writing or drawing, by trial and error, by making models, by experimenting, by testing and/or by making the invention in its whole form.

5/1/14 5:54 AM


Brainstorming also can spark new ideas for an invention. Collaborative creative processes are frequently used by designers, architects and scientists. Co-inventors are frequently named on patents. In addition, many inventors keep records of their working process - notebooks, photos, etc., including Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Jefferson and Albert Einstein. In the process of developing an invention, the initial idea may change. The invention may become simpler, more practical, it may expand, or it may even morph into something totally different. Working on one invention can lead to others too. History shows that turning the concept of an invention into a working device is not always swift or direct. Inventions may also become more useful after time passes and other changes occur. For example, the parachute became more useful once powered flight was a reality. Invention is often a creative process. An open and curious mind allows an inventor to see beyond what is known. Seeing a new possibility, connection, or relationship can spark an invention. Inventive thinking frequently involves combining concepts or elements from different realms that would not normally be put together. Sometimes inventors disregard the boundaries between distinctly separate territories or fields. Several concepts may be considered when thinking about invention. To invent is to see anew. Inventors often envision a new idea, seeing it in their mind’s eye. New ideas can arise when the conscious mind turns away from the subject or problem, when the inventor’s focus is on something else, or while relaxing or sleeping. A novel idea may come in a flash—a Eureka! moment. For example, after years of working to figure out the general theory of relativity, the solution came to Einstein suddenly in a dream “like a giant die making an indelible impress, a huge map of the universe outlined itself in one clear vision”. Inventions can also be accidental, such as in the case of polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon). Insight can also be a vital element of invention. Such inventive insight may begin with questions, doubt or a hunch. It may begin by recognizing that something unusual or accidental may be useful or that it could open a new avenue for exploration.

Type Magazine.indd 9

For example, the odd metallic color of plastic made by accidentally adding a thousand times too much catalyst led scientists to explore its metal-like properties, inventing electrically conductive plastic and light emitting plastic-—an invention that won the Nobel Prize in 2000 and has led to innovative lighting, display screens, wallpaper and much more

5/1/14 5:54 AM

e h T Good


e f i w e s

u o H Get started. Decide how clean you want your house to be and how much time you have. This will help you decide how to set up your cleaning schedule. Be honest with yourself about what you can do. Attempt to delegate tasks. If you live with other people, cleaning the house should not be exclusively your responsibility! You may have to take on leadership by setting up a rotational cleaning schedule, but it’s better than having to do this backbreaking work alone. Make sure the tasks assigned are age appropriate (i.e. grade school children can pick up their bedroom floors, teenagers can clean the garage or bathroom)Some people prefer to put off cleaning as long as possible, then have a big cleaning campaign now and then. For the “average” busy person it works better to do a little bit every day so that the work doesn’t pile up, and also have major-cleaning day a few times a month. What style you prefer is up to you (unless you have roommates of course). Always have a cleaning checklist and a “plan of attack”. Know which rooms you plan to start and finish your cleaning in (generally back to front door works best).

Type Magazine.indd 10

This will help expedite the process and ensure you are not duplicating your efforts, especially if more than one person is involved in the cleaning. glass/ mirrors. It is commonly thought that glass cleaner does the cleaning. It’s no substitute for soapy water! First, wash your glass (including windows and mirrors) with a solution of warm or hot water, dish soap and a rag, sponge, or squeegee. Powdered no-scratch cleaner works fantastic for cleaning mirrors, glass, ceramics, and metals because it scrubs off hard water residue without scratching the surface. Wipe down surface with a dry lint-free cloth or lint-free paper towels. If you want to clean glass and be environmentally friendly, clean the glass with vinegar and water, dry with a lint-free cloth, and rub the glass with newspaper. . No streaks! Make sure you use some elbow grease -- it requires pressure to properly clean glass. Alternatively, spray glass cleaner on a paper towel and clean the glass surface. The glass cleaner acts as a shield to help keep spots and dust easy to remove. When misused, glass “cleaner” will leave streaks. You can also use old newspaper to wipe the glass surface after washing; the glass will be streak free and this is a great way to reuse old newspaper. Polish furniture.

Like glass cleaner, furniture polish isn’t meant to be a cleaner. However, it can be used for cleaning. If you’d like to use furniture polish, make sure to carefully read the labels and find one made specifically for what you need. Some furniture can handle water, and those that can should be used with the soapy solution from step two. Be sure to quickly dry off these surfaces. Next, apply the suggested amount of furniture polish and wipe away according to directions. This will keep dust from magnetizing to your furniture. Using all-purpose cleaners. Be cautious with all-purpose cleaners. They aren’t always safe for every purpose you’ll have in mind. Make sure to thoroughly read labels before purchasing to ensure it fits your needs. Do not mix cleaners! Use them one at a time and follow the directions on the label. Working outside. Outdoor tasks can help create a better living environment. Raking leaves helps to prevent mold growth that happens in wet climates after raining. Raking regularly will also assist in dropping the bug count in your yard. Raking will also leave your yard looking neat and cared for and offer more room for grass to

5/1/14 5:54 AM


Do the laundry with a washing machine or by hand. The following are generic instructions for a washing machine: First, begin the water at the needed temperature and level. Next, pour in the needed amount of laundry detergent where the water is pouring. If you use fabric softener, a great thing to use is the fabric softener balls that you pour your softener into and just throw in at the beginning. (This saves you from having to wait for the rinse cycle.) If you use one, do this with the detergent. If you put your clothes in first, you risk staining your clothes with the coloring in these liquids. Drying your laundry. The way you transfer your clothes into your dryer can affect the way they come out. Once the entire washing cycle is complete, shake to remove the twisting of fabric and the heavy wrinkles then toss into your dryer. This process can help prevent wrinkling and helps your clothes to dry more efficiently It also helps to empty the dryer while your clothes are still warm. Clean the floor. Vacuuming is the most effective way to clean up all the dust and other loose junk that accumulates on your floor (and it’s practically a daily necessity when you have shedding pets). If you’re always putting off vacuuming, try using a dry dust mop (the microfiber kind works well) if you have tile/wood floors. You can use a carpet sweeper (non-electric machine you push that has brushes underneath) if you have carpet. Both involve less fuss than getting out the vacuum and will let you go longer between vacuuming. Mop your floor. Some the new and innovative substitutes for mopping can be helpful but they are still no substitute for a good rag mop for getting rid of glued-on grime. If you have tile or textured floors, nothing else will get the dirt out of the cracks and depressions. There are a vast number of options for rag mops. Rag mops with real fabric scrub better and last longer than mops with a sponge. With a good rag mop, one thing is guaranteed; when you use a little elbow grease, your floors will look fantastic. Use hot water and the appropriate cleaner for your floor (again, read the labels). Washing the dishes. These save a lot of work when you use them right. Your dishwasher works best when you load it completely and run it right after you use your dishes. Big things like pots and pans are usually best hand-washed because they don’t fit well in the dishwasher Dishes wear out more quickly when washed by machine than by hand because the dishwasher’s soap is abrasive, so heirloom china, delicate wine glasses, and other really fragile things should be carefully hand-washed instead.

Type Magazine.indd 11

Walk through your house and complete Hand-washing dishes: It’s much easier to wash any remaining room-specific cleaning your dishes if you do it right after you use them; you will rarely need to soak anything or scrub hard necessary. When I first learned to clean because the food juices won’t have a chance to dry my own place, I thought Saturday had and harden. Just wet your sponge or scrubber brush to be an all day clean-a-thon. I didn’t with hot water, squirt on some dish soap, wipe each really have a concept of how to balance the work load during the week so dish (both sides!), and rinse thoroughly with hot water. If you use the soaking method, picture this: weekends could be reserved for larger projects or even you know…fun! Now a bucket of brown water with dirt, grease, food particles, millions of germs, and a lot of other things I clean in 20 minutes a day — every that come off your dirty dishes.. Now you know how day — and things just seem to take care disgusting (and unsanitary) that soaking water can of themselves. Here’s a glimpse at the be. If you need to soak a casserole that has baked- schedule I use! No one said you had to on gunk for ten or fifteen minutes, that’s okay, but do everything at once and even when time seems short, if you can manage when you can, it’s usually better to just wash the dishes promptly and avoid soaking. Either way you one task a day, things should start to do it, place the thoroughly rinsed dishes in a clean work themselves out. Adjust this list as drying rack and allow to air dry. Be sure to let your your family’s needs require (those with brush, sponge, and dish towel dry between uses to more or less children might require keep them from accumulating germs too (see tips doing certain activities more or less). below). Fighting fleas. Your best defense against fleas is your vacuum cleaner! Besides not having carpet, that is. Carpet is a breeding ground for fleas (not to mention all the other things it’s good for holding). If you have pets, vacuum daily. This will keep them out of the place they are successful in breeding; where there is pet and human dander. To kill fleas without using poisons, after each vacuuming, sprinkle borax on your carpets and let it work its way into the carpet backing. You’ll never have fleas in the house if you do this. You can find the Borax in the laundry detergent area of grocery stores, usually on the top shelf.

5/1/14 5:54 AM


If it’s easier, take a blank calendar and fill it in accordingly so easier tasks are on days where your day is go, go, go and reserve the more difficult ones for days when things are a little lighter. Here’s 5 tips to help make this 30 days a success: Dealing With What Comes Through The Door Set up a small area by the front door to act as a “landing strip” for incoming items into your home. If you’re a long time reader this is nothing new to you. If this is the first time you’ve heard this phrase outside of reference to personal grooming habits, then make sure to check out Maxwell’s latest Home Cure video on the topic. Do Your Dishes After Every Meal This will help you stay on top of your kitchen instead of having it turn into a monster! No one really wants to do them (after all, you probably cooked dinner to boot). But waiting for another meal or until you have enough to fill the dishwasher just makes things feel overwhelming and easier to put off. The same goes for take out trash as well. If you need to take the trash out, place it by the front door to go out in the morning or dispose of it that night so it’s over and done with. Laundry If you have a washer and dryer at home, do a little bit each day. Spread things out so you don’t feel bogged down by 200 towels and stinky socks. If you take things to a laundromat, sort clothes as you go so things are easier to load up into machines when you get there. Fold them before you come home so you aren’t dumping baskets out on your sofa or bed and they can go straight into drawers and closets. Whistle While You Work: Those who are happiest when cleaning are few and far between. Singing, humming, whistling or turning up the stereo are all great options to keep the beat in your feet and have fun while working.

Not only will I show you how do clean your house properly, I’ll also show you some important things to avoid so you don’t ruin any of your furniture or appliances. When I originally designed this guide, it was created as a training manual for my crew. As I was putting it together I had the goal in mind that “if we clean a house on a regular basis, the client should never have to clean anything.” So here’s how to take professional techniques and implement them yourself. A few years ago, I found out that I’ve been cleaning all wrong. I was in a hotel room, when a maid came in and sprayed a solution on every surface… and then left. Right when I thought she’d forgotten, she returned. She wiped for less than two minutes with a thin dry cloth, and the whole place sparkled. It had, frankly, never occurred to me to let one solution do all the work, so I asked her what she’d used. It was something called Butcher’s Bath Mate—an industry standby. Pro cleaners have brilliant tricks to get the job done. We asked three pros to school us. Change Your Strategy The biggest mistake people make is cleaning room by room (this is called “zone cleaning”).

Type Magazine.indd 12

Here’s a few past posts on killer cleaning soundtracks. Set a Timer: Most items on the list below should take no more than 20 minutes total. It’s easy to rationalize 20 minutes, but it’s also easy to get distracted by phone calls, emails, children and other projects that call your name as you tackle each chore. Set a timer for 5 or 10 minutes (which ever works best for you) and that way when it sounds you know exactly how much time you have left. If you find yourself off task it’s easy to get back on track. To this list you can also add chores that are to be done monthly or quarterly. It’s easier to plan for larger tasks like steam cleaning a sofa or heavy traffic hallway, then it feels like part of the routine instead of that thing you keep putting off and dreading. Habits are formed by doing and one of the best ways to change a bad habit is to replace it with another action. So if the time spent right when you come home from work is usually filled with email reading and a small nap, try switching it out with your cleaning instead. Making the 20 minute time slot routine will build good habits and help you stay on top of the game without feeling like it’s a real chore. My crew and I have been house-cleaning professionals for over 10 years and in that time have completed over 15,000 cleaning jobs. I’ve learned what makes a house look great and the difference is in the details. I use this system and these techniques every time we clean a client’s house. And these aren’t you’re “standard maid service” tasks. If you follow every step in this guide, I guarantee you’ll have your house looking so good your guests will compliment you every time they come over. I put this guide together for those times when you’re feeling motivated to clean your home and want to capitalize on your will power but aren’t sure where to start.

It’s much too slow! “You can either clean your kitchen in four hours, or clean your entire house top to bottom in four hours,” says Lisa Romero, owner of Just Like New Cleaning in Fort Collins, Colorado. “A lot of people get caught focusing on one area— say, doing a super job cleaning the counters—and never get to the stove, let alone the next room. In reality, just wiping things down and moving on is quick and efficient.”Most pros are in favor of “task cleaning”: completing one chore, such as dusting, throughout the entire house, before starting the next. “You’ll do a little more walking, so it’s a good workout,” says Ronald Payne, owner of RZJ Janitorial Services in Plano, Texas, “and I find that it’s faster because you’re in a mindset to keep moving.” Follow these seven steps and your whole house will sparkle in four hours if you’re a beginner, two and a half once you become a pro The Plan of Attack: Top-to-bottom, left-to-right For each task, start at the highest point in the room (if dusting, this might mean high shelves), and move from left to right across the room. This way, you don’t miss anything, and you won’t accidentally knock dust onto already-cleaned lower shelves.Step 1: Dust Dust each room, including the topsides of all the furniture, undersides of shelves, and all handrails, as well as picture frames, TV screens and knickknacks.

“When it’s possible to dry-dust, I do—getting something wet makes it harder,” says Romero. To get rid of fingerprints, dampen a microfiber cloth with warm water. Pro tip: Look up top. “People don’t dust up on the very top of furniture, and that’s where all the dust collects and then falls off,” says Romero. Step 2: Furniture Fabric Go through the house and strip and remake beds; neaten any pillows or furniture blankets. Brush furniture surfaces with a vacuum extension as needed. Step 3: Mirrors and Glass Wipe down mirrors and windows throughout the house. Pro tip: Using one wet and one dry microfiber cloth won’t leave streaks. Step 4: Surface Cleaning Wipe down all surfaces and counters throughout the house, disinfecting as necessary. Pro tip: Be sure to wipe down all places that fingers touch, like door handles, light switches, TV remotes and phones. “Those are the places that people forget, and they really hold germs,” says Payne. Kitchen and Bathroom Walk through and spray cleaner on tubs, sinks and toilets. Return and scrub. Then, in the kitchen, wipe down the inside of the microwave, and cabinet and appliance doors. Step 6 floors Sweep, then mop or scrub the bathroom and kitchen floors, and any other floor that needs it.

5/1/14 5:54 AM


Pro tip: “I always do bathroom floors on my hands and knees with a microfiber cloth and cleanser,” says Romero. “That’s how I know that I got every corner, even behind toilets, and that they’re 100% disinfected.” Step 7: Vacuum “I vacuum my way out the bedrooms, down the stairs, through the living room and out of the house,” says Romero. Pro tip: It’s not crucial to vacuum every single inch. Just keep moving. You’ll get the spots you missed next week. Overhaul Your Cleaning Kit No pro cleaner likes to carry around too many supplies. Their five must-haves: 1. A 20pack of microfiber towels (wash ’em as needed). “I’ve saved thousands of dollars on paper towels and window cleaner since I started using microfiber,” says Romero. Make sure to buy good-quality cloths, usually around $1 per cloth from a janitorial supply store, and never wash with dryer sheets or fabric softener. Pro tip: Before using a cleaning product for dusting, try just warm water and the microfiber. “It usually works,” says Romero. A microfiber mop. On a tight budget, it’s cheaper and less wasteful than disposable mops. Pro tip: Great for picking up dust in high and low corners. A nylon-bristle broom. “It doesn’t splatter walls or lose its bristles,” says Payne.

Pro tip: Sweep your rug. It often works better than a vacuum. A Shammy. A synthetic version of the traditional chamois cloth, this rubbery, hyper-absorbent towel is great for soaking up water and quickly buffing counters and furniture. Pro tip: Run a dry Shammy over a couch or floor to pick up pet hair. A backpack vacuum. Professional cleaners love backpack-style vacuums because they’re gentle on back muscles and make it easy to move quickly from room to room. Pro tip: Look beyond the floor. It’s easy to quickly vacuum shelf surfaces, mantels, railings and inside drawers if you use lightweight hand extensions. Clean for Less “Your home is just like your body—you don’t need a lot of products,” says Essie Powell, owner of A-1 Cleaning Extraordinaire in Fayetteville, Georgia (who has cleaned homes and commercial spaces for 37 years). She’s got some great ways to revolutionize your cleaning cabinet.

Type Magazine.indd 13

5/1/14 5:54 AM

13 Don’t Do That! A guide to the cultural differences between you and your new destination Traveling abroad isn’t as simple as buying a ticket and hopping on a plane. Safety should be a key consideration no matter where you travel, and part of staying safe in an unfamiliar place is dressing to blend in -- or, at least, not dressing to stand out. Beyond avoiding matching T-shirts, baseball hats and white sneakers, not to mention “I Love NY” sweatshirts, keep in mind local customs and attitudes, as well as religious beliefs, when choosing your attire. “My adventures have taken me, as a solo female traveler, through primarily Muslim countries as well as primarily Christian countries,” says frequent traveler Lisa Munniksma. “I’ve always been modest in my appearance, but after traveling and meeting so many travelers and locals from various cultures, the importance of respecting traditions in dress has been driven home.” Before you get out your suitcase, here are 10 things to leave in your closet as you pack for your next trip abroad. Religiously Immodest Clothing It’s wise to dress conservatively in any country holding deeply religious views, such as those in the Middle East (if you’re not sure, your travel agent or guidebook can offer advice on local religious customs). Women in particular should avoid miniskirts, tank tops, bra tops, short-sleeved shirts, shorts and sometimes even capri pants

Type Magazine.indd 14

Revealing dresses and cleavage-bearing necklines are also huge no-nos. Men should avoid shorts and sleeveless tops in many Middle Eastern countries or when entering a church or other holy place. Pants and long skirts are a safe bet, and women should carry a shawl in their bag or purse just in case. As a general rule, travelers should cover their shoulders and knees when entering any church or holy site to avoid unwanted stares or being denied entry. It’s also wise to keep your feet and ankles covered. When in doubt, stick to long sleeves, and men, keep that chest hair concealed. Sneakers and Open-Toe Shoes In Europe, in particular, sneakers are for sporting activities only. White tennis shoes, Crocs and Birkenstocks are notably frowned upon by Spaniards and Italians. Instead, wear comfortable leather walking shoes in the city, and keep them polished and in good shape. White, lace-up tennis shoes are the calling card of American tourists (and don’t even think about Velcro sneakers). It’s also wise to stick with closed-toe shoes, which can help prevent insect bites or cuts on your toes from gravelly surfaces. “It is not sanitary to wear flip-flops and other open-toe shoes when traveling to some areas because you can get infections,”

Talia Salem, a communications specialist at PlanetWildlife. Five Things You Shouldn’t Wear on a Plane Shorts Yes, we Americans do love our shorts, but most other cultures don’t wear them for everyday walking around, no matter the season or how close they are to the Equator. Leave the khaki shorts for beaches, parks, tennis clubs and hiking trails. Our habit of dressing down to be comfortable is puzzling to most people overseas. Rarely will you see locals wearing shorts unless they’re off to play soccer. Flashy Jewelry Never wear expensive, flashy jewelry abroad, unless you want your diamond rings, pearls and pricey watches to be tagged for someone else’s collection. Since there’s probably no need to impress anyone that much on your trip abroad, leave the valuables at home. Religious Imagery, Curse Words or National Flags Avoid clothing sporting religious or military symbols, swear words, national flags and any words or symbols written in a language you cannot translate. There’s no need to unintentionally spark an emotional debate while on vacation

5/1/14 5:54 AM

14 It’s also not a bad idea to leave religious jewelry, even cross necklaces, at home. If you must, wear them under your clothes so they’re not visible to anyone. Bright Colorss tay away from bold colors, loud patterns, plaids -- you get the picture. Stick with conservative hues like navy, blue, tan and grey. Look put together, opting for classic, well-fitting clothing. You want to blend in, not draw unwanted attention to yourself (and nothing does that better than a neon green tank top). nHow to Blend In with the Locals: 20 Tips Inappropriate Colors In the Western world, we may wear black to wakes and funerals, but in parts of Asia, white is the funereal color -- good to keep in mind on the off chance you may be mourning someone’s passing while on holiday. Meanwhile, stay away from wearing black or blue in central Africa, the favorite colors of large, biting tsetse flies. Jeans If a visit to a factory, rural area or even a touristy spot where the locals wear jeans is on your agenda, then, of course, jeans are acceptable. However, jeans should fit well and be wrinkle-free. It’s even better if you opt for black or dark blue jeans. Baggy, ripped, even skinny jeans are generally frowned upon outside the United States. tourists map Backpacks Planning to spend the summer backpacking across Europe? Then a large backpack is practical and probably a better bet than a rollaboard suitcase for lugging onto trains and traveling between destinations. But bring a secondary bag, like a small fabric tote bag, for everyday touring around cities. Any kind of backpack, big or small, will mark you as a tourist. Cameras Snap a photo, then put your camera away. Nothing screams tourist like a camera permanently hanging from your neck. Not only do you stand out, but you may get targeted by thieves. Carry a good camera that you can fit into your small bag. Four Signs You Have a Packing Problem A Few More Tips Dressing appropriately while abroad not only helps you fit in with locals and receive friendlier service, but it also protects you from standing out to pickpockets. When in doubt, look at what the locals are wearing. “The best thing a traveler can do is go to a local clothing store and buy a couple of outfits -- then no one will ever mistake you for a tourist,” says travel expert John E. DiScala (a k a Johnny Jet). Plus, your new wardrobe additions make great souvenirs.

Type Magazine.indd 15

5/1/14 5:54 AM

15 The Giving Tree Some of the most philanthropic people

Type Magazine.indd 16

5/1/14 5:54 AM


Last year, America’s top 50 donors gave a total of $10.4 billion to charity, according to a new list compiled by The Chronicle of Philanthropy. That sum was vastly larger than the amount donated in 2010, $3.3 billion; though a whopping $6 billion bequest from an agribusiness heiress who died several years ago accounts for much of the difference. While giving is still down from pre-recession highs, the Chronicle suggested that levels of giving among the wealthy would continue to rise as long as the economy headed towards recovery. We’re looking at the top 25 donors on this year’s list; check out the complete list at The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Forbes has ranked the biggest philanthropic personalities in the world, based on the amount they donated in 2012. According to Forbes, the top 50 biggest givers in the world donated a total of $10 billion – with the top 10 contributing 71%, or $7.121 billion, alone. Microsoft founder and chairman – and richest man in the world – Bill Gates along with his wife, Melinda Gates, are the biggest givers in the world, having donated $1.9 billion in 2012

(2.3% of their wealth), with a total lifetime giving of $28 billion. The tech pioneer’s foundation – The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation – have taken on the battle to eliminate polio and malaria, while donating to organizations such as the World Health Organization and Medicines for Malaria. The second biggest giver, according to Forbes’ findings, is investor Warren Buffett, who donated 3.2% of his wealth in 2012, giving $1.87 billion in the year, including a $1.5 billion payment to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Buffett has totaled $25 billion in donations in his lifetime. Other big givers include Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg (4th) – who donated just over $500 million in 2012, which was directed mainly at the Silicon Valley Community Foundation. The biggest giver in proportion to his wealth is Duty Free Ships co-founder, Chuck Feeney, who quietly donated close to 16% of his wealth in 2012 – $313 million – adding to his lifetime donations of $6.3 billion. According to Forbes, 40 of the 50 listed philanthropists are also featured on the company’s billionaires list. The figures listed are not pledges made, but actual cash delivered to charities in the year. Keeping with Nelson Mandela’s generosity of spirit, we thought we’d bring you good news about the world’s capacity to give. The Charities Aid Foundation in London published its annual world giving index last week, and it turns out that the world was more generous in 2012 than it was in the previous year.

The Foundation crowned the United States the world’s most generous nation, up from fifth place last year. The report is based on Gallup polls involving 135 countries and measures three factors. Who said they donated the most money to charity, who said they volunteered the most time, and who said they helped out strangers most often. The U.S. was only 13th when it came to donating money, but third place in giving time and first place when it came to helping out someone in need So what country is the least charitable? Well, according to the report, that distinction goes to Greece, and while economic troubles in Greece were rampant in 2012, this report proves it’s not always about the money. Even Syria made the top ten list for helping out a stranger. Although there are many different types of generous people, there are some common traits that the most generous people share. Whether they give their time or their money, these qualities are largely shared by the individuals most devoted to giving back to their communities and families. Although the Latin root of the word means “of noble birth,” by no means is generosity limited to people in positions of power. While it is typically the high-profile people who are in the news for their generosity, anyone can become more generous simply by paying attention to his actions.

According to Emmanuel Levinas, the French philosopher, a generous person will display these qualities even if they know the people or group he is helping is not going to do the same in return. Altruism First and foremost, generous people are altruistic. They give without hopes of receiving compensation for their good deeds. Personal gain may occur, but it is not a motivating factor for the most generous people. Optimism Generous people are idealists. They have a certain image of the way the world should be, and strive to achieve that end. Although the world is not a perfect place, these people do not stop giving their time, energy or money. As optimists, they see the world in a different light than others. They truly believe that the world, although not perfect, can be made into a much better place. Trust Trust is a major quality amongst the most generous people. They trust completely that their cause is a worthy one, and they trust that the people involved with that cause will do their best to help achieve the goal. For those who give, this means a trust that the others involved with the cause will be using their time and resources appropriately. Energy When you think of people being generous, energy is one of the first things that come to mind. These individuals devote their energy to the good that they want to do. They also gain energy from their cause. When the most generous people spend their time working on a goal, they are revitalized

Type Magazine.indd 17

5/1/14 5:54 AM


17 Effect

Type Magazine.indd 18

5/1/14 5:54 AM

A fad is any form of behavior that develops among a large population and is collectively followed enthusiastically for a period of time, generally as a result of the behavior being perceived as popular by one’s peers or being deemed “cool” by social media. A fad is said to “catch on” when the number of people adopting it begins to increase rapidly. The behavior will normally fade quickly once the perception of novelty is gone. The specific nature of the behavior associated with a fad can be of any type including language usage, apparel, financial investment, and even food. Apart from general novelty, fads may be driven by mass media programming, emotional excitement, peer pressure, or the desire of “being hip”. Fads may also be set by popular celebrities. Though the term trend may be used interchangeably with fad, a fad is generally considered a quick and short behavior whereas a trend is considered to be a behavior that evolves into a relatively permanent change. In the late 1950s, the word beatnik was a major fad after it was coined as a portmanteaubetween “beat” and “Sputnik”. The word faded away, though, as the beatniks abandoned the underlying attitudes that were supposed to go along with their lifestyle. Though this fad, in and of itself, was short-lived, it is credited with giving birth to the Hippie movement in the following decade and with inspiring other social trends in the decades that followed. In economics, the term is used in a similar way. Fads are mean-reverting deviations from intrinsic value caused by social or psychological forces like those that cause fashions in political beliefs or consumption goods. There are a number of industries whose very survival depends on recognizing the difference between a fad and a trend. A fad by definition is a short-term event, what some may call a “flash in the pan.” A trend, on the other hand, has the potential of becoming a long-term influence on the future of a market. The two may resemble each other at first, but there is almost always a definite beginning and a definite end to a fad. The use of hot pink wall paint may be a fad, but the idea of using designer colors would be a trend, for example. One major difference between a fad and a trend is duration. A fad product, such as the Pet Rock of the 1970s, enjoys a few months of unexpected popularity, but disappears just as quickly as it appears. The creator of the Pet Rock, a large stone nestled in its own cardboard cage, understood the easy-come, easy-go nature of a fad and capitalized on the public’s penchant for novelty toys. The lifespan of most fads is notoriously short, but if a fad item becomes a trend, it can remain popular for decades. Another difference is industry acceptance. Investing in a fad item can be risky for companies known for setting trends. It can be very difficult to tell the difference one and the other before the product or service reaches the buying public. Smaller companies often have the flexibility necessary to promote a faddish item, while larger companies tend to wait until the initial smoke clears and a trend can be determined. This difference can be seen in the recent diet wars. When scientific evidence demonstrated a link between high carbohydrate intake and weight gain, a number of fad diet plans quickly emerged. Although the move away from processed foods and carbohydrates soon became a trend, the individual diet plans involved all enjoyed a fleeting popularity.

Type Magazine.indd 19

A similar difference between a fad and a trend also appeared in the fitness industry. An emphasis on core exercises and the reduction of abdominal fat became a trend, but a number of faddish exercise devices appeared suddenly on television screens everywhere. Some of these exercise devices were shown to be ineffective or even dangerous for the user, while others became part of the trend towards better health and weight reduction. One of the telling differences between a fad and a trend is the perception of overall quality. Fad items are rarely expected to endure, but trends tend to survive the decade in which they were created. Can you tell the difference between a pet rock and a video tape recorder? If so, you know the difference between a fad and a trend. But it’s not always so cut and dried. Not all fads are frivolous or inexpensive, and not all trends are the opposite. If you’re in business for the long term, you’ll be better off if you can discern the difference between fads and trends, and concentrate on the latter. Although there’s money to be made by catering to faddish appetites, in the long-run there is a steadier and more reliable stream of revenue in capitalizing on trends. By definition, a fad is “a fashion that is taken up with great enthusiasm for a brief period of time.” It’s synonymous with a craze, and has all the markings of a whim or something frivolous. Think hula hoops. Mood rings. The latest pop star.By comparison, a trend constitutes the “general direction in which something tends to move It connotes a tendency or an inclination, not merely a momentary blip on the commercial radar screen. Think television. Computers. Cell phones. Certainly, there have been numerous fads that have been profitable. Millions of the Frisbee flying discs were sold. But by their very nature, fads are shortlived experiences that generally disappear as quickly as they arrive. The difficulty in capitalizing on fads is that the buying public is fickle. Since fads have fleetingly brief life spans, by the time you’ve recognized the latest craze, it’s probably already fading from the public’s fascination. Trends, on the other hand, indicate something much different. They are longer term experiences. Trends indicate where buying habits are going, and usually growing. Think of fads as sound bites and trends as novels. With this in mind, attune your business antenna to pick up signs of trends, and to tune out fads, which probably will only cost you money playing catch-up, rather than make you money riding the crest of a wave. ots of today’s popular diets take advantage of our desire to drop weight quickly. Unfortunately, though, “quick-fix” diets don’t work. Here are 5 clues that a diet may be more about empty promises than real results: The diet is based on drastically cutting back calories. Starvation-type diets that require the body to fast often promise quick results. But our bodies simply aren’t designed to drop pounds quickly. In fact, doctors say it’s nearly impossible for a healthy, normally active person to lose more than 2 to 3 pounds per week of actual fat, even on a starvation diet. Here’s the trick that very low-calorie diets rely on: The body’s natural reaction to near-starvation is to dump water. So most, if not all, of the weight lost on quick-weight-loss diets is not fat — it’s just water. And the body sucks this lost water back up like a sponge once a person starts eating normally again. The diet is based on taking special pills, powders, or herbs.

These are usually just gimmicks — and the only thing they slim down is your wallet. Some diet pills contain laxatives or diuretics that force a person’s body to eliminate more water. Just like restricted-calorie diets, the weight lost with these supplements is mostly water, not fat. Other supplements claim that their ingredients speed up metabolism; suppress appetite; or block the absorption of fat, sugars, or carbohydrates. For most diet supplements, there’s no reliable scientific research to back up their claims. And doctors consider diet supplements risky for teens because not much is known about how the ingredients affect the growing body. The diet tells you to eat only specific foods or foods in certain combinations. There’s no reliable scientific proof that combining certain foods works. And limiting the foods you eat means you might not get all the nutrition you need. The diet makes you completely cut out fat, sugar, or carbs. Depriving our bodies of needed food groups is a bad idea (especially when they’re still growing). It’s better to eat smaller portions in well-rounded meals (meals that contain lean protein, whole grains, fruits, veggies, and low-fat dairy). When your body gets the right balance of nutrition, it’s less likely to send you willpower-busting cravings! Eating smaller portions also helps you set good eating habits that will help you keep the weight off. The diet requires you to skip meals or replace meals with special drinks or food bars. As with diets that ban certain food groups, skipping or substituting meals can mean you don’t get the nutrition needed to support healthy development. Plus, you miss out on the enjoyment of sharing a satisfying meal with friends or family. Your friend has lost some weight, and looks and feels great. So you ask: What are you doing? What are you doing? She may sing the praises of her new diet. But before you adopt that diet plan for yourself, call up your own common sense - and consider these recommendations to help you spot (and avoid) a harmful fad diet. Five ways to spot a fad diet, by Medical Director Toni Brayer, MD, an internal medicine specialist in San Francisco. 1. Does the diet ask you to eat only one type of food? Remember the “grapefruit diet” or the “Hollywood soup diet”?

5/1/14 5:54 AM


They are examples of poor nutrition leading to unhealthy, minimal weight loss. It is true that to lose weight you do have to have a plan and do something differently. But diets that restrict you to eating only one type of food or that tell you to eat certain foods at certain times of day are just fads. Avoiding carbohydrates, protein or fats altogether is never a sound recommendation. You body needs a proper balance of these types of food and a diet should provide them. (Download our diet comparison guide as a helpful reality check.)What about sugar? Yes, that is one to avoid if you are trying to lose weight and maintain healthy weight. If this is your Achilles heel, check out this healthy sugar detox diet, created by clinical nutritionist Sharon Meyer of Sutter Health’s Institute for Health and Healing. 2. Does the diet require you to purchase special products? This type of diet may be unhealthy for your body and your wallet. Consider the motivations behind a diet that can’t be followed by simply going to the grocery store or the farmer’s market. Diet aids that get you started toward a lifestyle change can be fine. There are free apps that can be downloaded to your smart-phone that help you track activity and calorie counts. Pedometers that track stairs and steps can also be motivating. But beware of the “#1 miracle in a bottle.” It is a fad. 3. Will the diet be hard to sustain over time? There is nothing wrong with a low-calorie jump-start or a 3-day juice cleanse to get you going. I believe it can be effective to break the unhealthy eating cycle and get you started on a healthier eating pattern. But any plan should teach you proper portion size and good nutrition that includes all of the food groups. Long-term weight management strategies are the key. A “fad” diet may help you lose weight initially, but there are some dangers in doing that, as the body may overcompensate once you stop the diet, gaining back your weight – and potentially more. Taking in fewer calories than you metabolize is what causes weight loss. Slow and steady wins the game. (See how to calculate healthy caloric intake.) 4. Does the diet have evidence of results that are not based on true science or on peer-reviewed studies? Any company can commission a study to support their own agenda. On the internet, anyone can make claims using fancy pseudo-medical terms that have no science behind them. Terms like, “Sparks thermogenic fat” are just plain hokey. If you see ads that say “New Scientific Results” or “Breakthrough”, you should turn the page or click off the site. When it comes to obesity, there are lots of promises but no real breakthrough products or drugs. Before trusting your body to a new regime, do some research and see what multiple sources have say about the particular diet in question. 5. Does it sound too good to be true? “Drink one magic shake a day”. “Melts fat”. “Burns fat”. ”One simple trick”. You know the answer: If it sounds too good to be true – well… it isn’t. True, that is. There are a number of ways to actually lose lbs and keep them off. They require nutritional knowledge, learning how to shop at grocery stores, meal planning, retraining your body and being “in-touch” with your body. Fad diets won’t give you these tools so just avoid them to get the results you want and deserve! Flappy Bird is a 2013 mobile game, developed by Vietnam-based developer Nguyễn Hà Đông(Dong Nguyen) and published by . GEARS Studios, a small, independent game developer also based in Vietnam.The game has a side-scrolling format and the player controls a bird, attempting to fly between rows of green pipes without coming into contact with them. The developer created the game over several days, using a bird protagonist which he had designed for a cancelled game in 2012. The game was released on May 24, 2013 but received a sudden rise in popularity in early 2014.

Type Magazine.indd 20

It was criticized for its level of difficulty and alleged plagiarism in graphics and game mechanics, while other reviewers found it addictive. At the end of January 2014, it was the most downloaded free game in the iOS App Store. During this period, its developer claimed that Flappy Bird was earning $50,000 a day from in-app advertisements. Flappy Bird was removed from both Apple’s App Store and Google Play by its creator on February 10, 2014, due to guilt over what he considered to be its addictive nature. The game’s popularity and sudden removal caused phones with it pre-installed to be put up for sale for high prices over the Internet.Games similar to Flappy Bird became popular on the iTunes App Store in the wake of its removal, and both Apple and Google have removed games from their app stores for being too similar to the original. The game has also been distributed through unofficial channels on multiple platforms. Flappy Bird is a side-scrolling mobile game featuring 2D retro style graphics. The objective is to direct a flying bird, which moves continuously to the right, between each oncoming set of pipes without colliding with them, which otherwise ends the game. The bird briefly flaps upward each time the player taps the screen. If the screen is not tapped, the bird falls due to gravity. The player is scored on the number of pipe sets the bird successfully passes through, with medals awarded for the score. There is no variation or evolution in gameplay throughout the game as the pipes always have the same gap between them and there is no end to the running track, having only the flap and ding sounds and the rising score as rewards. However, some subtle elements of the gameplay design make the game easy to learn but hard to master, a technique used in many games to make them more interesting. Dong Nguyen grew up in Van Phuc, a village outside Hanoi. He discovered video games by playing Super Mario Bros as a child, and began coding his own at age 16. At 19, while studying programming at a local university, he won an internship at Punch Entertainment, one of very few video game companies in Vietnam. On discovering the iPhone, he found that its most popular games such as Angry Birds were too complicated, and desired making a simpler game for people who are “always on the move”. Flappy Bird was created and developed by Nguyen in the span of two to three days. The character was originally designed in 2012 for a cancelled platform game. He claims that no part of any of his games were designed to be impossible. He describes its business plan of a free download with in-game advertisements as “very common in the Japanese market”. Nguyen believes that contemporary Western games are overly complex. His company, .GEARS Studios, describes its games as “heavily influenced by retro pixelated games in its golden age. Everything is pure, extremely hard and incredibly fun to play.” Flappy Bird was originally released on May 24, 2013, with support for the iPhone 5. The game was subsequently updated for iOS 7 in September 2013. In January 2014, it topped the Free Apps chart in the U.S. and Chinese App Stores, and later that month topped the same section of the UK App Store where it was touted as “the new Angry Birds.”It ended January as the most downloaded App on the App Store. The Android version of Flappy Bird was released to the Google Play store on January 30, 2014. n early 2014, Nguyen claimed in an interview with The Verge that the game was earning around $50,000 a day in revenue through its in-game advertising. On February 8, 2014, Nguyen announced on Twitter that the game was to be removed from both Apple’s App Store and Google Play, writing: “I am sorry ‘Flappy Bird’ users, 22 hours from now, I will take ‘Flappy Bird’ down. I cannot take this anymore.” He went on to say that taking down the game has “nothing to do with legal issues”. The game was removed from both Apple’s App Store and Google Play exactly on cue.

5/1/14 5:54 AM


After removing the game, Nguyen’s Twitter feed received abuse from fans unhappy at the decision, who threatened to murder him or commit suicide. Following the removal, many media outlets reported several merchants on eBay were offering phones which had the app pre-installed for US$1499 or more, with some receiving bids of over $90,000; however, the listings were removed for violating eBay’s rule stating smartphones must be restored to factory settings before being sold. In an interview with Forbes, Nguyen cited the game’s addictive nature for its cancellation, stating: “Flappy Bird was designed to play in a few minutes when you are relaxed. But it happened to become an addictive product. I think it has become a problem. To solve that problem, it’s best to take down Flappy Bird. It’s gone forever.” Nguyen said that the guilt he felt over the game was affecting his sleep, and that his conscience was relieved after he took the game down. In a March 2014 interview with Rolling Stone, Nguyen refused to rule out re-releasing Flappy Bird, on condition that it would come with a warning to “Take a break”. On March 19, he announced via Twitter that the game will be re-released onto App Stores, but not anytime soon.

s ck

a H fe

i L

Save your money. By saving money, you don’t have to be cheap or save on every little thing. Little trips to Walgreen’s or Target add up. Frequenting the vending machines or going into the gas station add up. Eating out twice a week adds up. Buy groceries instead of eating out. Use your debit card to pay for gas so you don’t have to go in. Even if you’re going clothes shopping, think about things that you really need and that you will really wear. Those weekly errands. Most of us have errands that need to be done at least once a week. You need to go to the bank, get gas, etc. Actually make time for running those errands. Don’t wait until your gas light comes on, and don’t wait until you have 5 checks to deposit. Try to hit the gas station and the bank the same day every week. Keep your room clean. Some people are just messy, they like things that way but you’d be surprised how much less stressed you feel when your room is clean. Give everything a place. A place for your keys, your shoes, your cell phone, etc. Instead of just plopping stuff down and seeing where it lands, it will make your day easier if you know exactly where your keys are and so on. It should only take about 5 minutes to make your bed, a few seconds to pick up any dirty clothes, a minute or so to put away clean clothes, and just a little bit of time to round up any trash.

Type Magazine.indd 21

This also goes for any other room in the house, but pick up after yourself. If everyone does just a little bit, it’ll be a lot easier to keep everything together. It’s not that hard to put your dirty dishes in the sink or to clean the shower when you’re finished. The same goes for your vehicle as well. Assuming you go to school or have a job or both, keep a planner. By keeping track of everything you do, it’s one less thing you have to keep up their in your brain. By keeping a planner, try to eliminate procrastination. Easier said then done, but will make your life a little easier if you stay on top of things. Always use your time wisely. If you’re at school, don’t just sit and stare at the computer or talk to your friends, get something done. If you’re at work, don’t just stand around and talk, get something done. Even if you only have 15 minutes to work on something, that’s 15 minutes you’re closer to being finished. Set bed times. Excuse me...but what?! Yea, that’s right -- set bed times. Sometimes we all get so wrapped up in our minds that we lack sleep. My best advice is, go to sleep before it’s tomorrow. Meaning, going to sleep before 12 am. A lot of people, students especially, get home late from work, kick off their shoes, and head straight for the sack but that doesn’t really give your mind time to relax. Even if you’re just watching old reruns or listening to music, just take to yourself. Try to avoid “catching up” on sleep. Try to wake up at the same time every day. The more you do it, the more used to it you will get but just make sure you are getting a good amount of sleep. Always set your alarm before you go to sleep.

Always remember the motto: “If you’re early, you’re on time. If you’re on time, you’re late. If you’re late, you’re left.” Always plan ahead to be early. Give up some commitments. You can’t please everyone and you can’t do everything. If you have a friend or a neighbor, who every time you talk to them, asks you to do something then stop. Avoid people who make you feel guilty about not being able to help them out. You don’t have to be everyone’s hero. And these commitments also include things like Facebook, Twitter, and MySpace. You are not obligated to inform the world of your whereabouts 24/7. In fact, for most of us our lives with probably fall apart without it. Keep the thing cleaned out. Keep your contacts list up to date, keep your inbox from getting full, etc. And for sanity’s sake, abandon it sometimes. Even if it’s just for a few hours, leave your phone in your car or in your room while you focus on doing other things. The world won’t end because you don’t respond to a text message. You may not think so, but all those constant alerts to get your attention can get a little stressful. Never be afraid to quit. I whole heatedly agree that “Winners never quit, and quitters never win” but sometimes you just have to. If something in your life isn’t making you happy, and is causing you stress, then just quit. If you have 2 jobs and you just can’t do it, pick one and quit the other. If there is drama in your life, just choose to walk away from it. You may think, “OH it’s not that easy” but really, it is. All higher powers aside, you control your life. 10% is what happens to you, 90% is how you deal with it. Make the decisions that are right for you, even if no one else is behind you. Stay up to date with things. Check the weather, call your family, watch the news, stay in the loop with the real world, not just YOUR world. Keep yourself healthy. We all have bad habits but simple things like washing your hands can make you’re life easier and healthier.

5/1/14 5:54 AM

21 Turkish Delight: Your guide to the best foods and how to make them fast and easy

Type Magazine.indd 22

5/1/14 5:54 AM


“There is no love sincerer than the love of food,” George Bernard Shaw said. Judging by the number of amazing dishes out there, he was right. But which are the tastiest? Which are the best foods? We’ve scoured the planet for what we think are 50 of the most delicious foods ever created. No doubt some of you will be left reeling: “How did French fries not make the list?!” That’s where our Facebook poll comes in. Head over there once you’ve finished here and let us know: what’s your favorite food? For now, feast your eyes and control your drooling, as we reveal the world’s best foods: Also, don’t forget to check out our choices for the best dishes and restaurants around Asia, on our BEST EATS page popcorn The only food that tastes better when it’s inside out. Buttered popcorn, United States Corn the workhorse of the industrial world -- is best when its sweet variety is fried up with lashings of butter till it bursts and then snarfed in greasy fistfuls while watching “Commando” late at night. seafood paella So fresh you’ll think it’s flirting with you. Masala dosa, India A crispy, rice-batter crepe encases a spicy mix of mashed potato, which is then dipped in coconut chutney, pickles, tomato-and-lentil-based sauces and other condiments. It’s a fantastic breakfast food that’ll keep you going till lunch, when you’ll probably come back for another. Also: World’s 50 most delicious drinks chicken rice Singapore The cucumber’s an afterthought, the rest though is right on message. Potato chips, United States Potato chips were invented in New York when a chef tried to play a trick on a fussy diner. Now they’re one of the world’s most child-friendly and best foods. But think of them this way -- if a single chip cost, say, US$5, it’d be a far greater (and more popular) delicacy than caviar, a prize worth fighting wars over. tacos Two tacos are just never enough. That’s why it’s one of our best foods. Seafood paella, Spain The sea is lapping just by your feet, a warm breeze whips the tablecloth around your legs and a steamy pan of paella sits in front of you. Shrimp, lobster, mussels and cuttlefish combine with white rice and various herbs, oil and salt in this Valencian dish to send you immediately into holiday mode. Though if you have it in Spain, you’re probably there already. marzipan How can something taste this good? It’s just nuts. Som tam, Thailand To prepare Thailand’s most famous salad, pound garlic and chilies with a mortar and pestle. Toss in tamarind juice, fish sauce, peanuts, dried shrimp, tomatoes, lime juice, sugar cane paste, string beans and a handful of grated green papaya. Grab a side of sticky rice. Variations include those made with crab (som tam boo) and fermented fish sauce (som tam plah lah), but none matches the flavor and simple beauty of the original. hong kong french toast A measly 500 calories is all this bad boy will cost you. Chicken rice, Singapore Often called the “national dish” of Singapore, this steamed or boiled chicken is served atop fragrant oily rice, with sliced cucumber as the token vegetable. Variants include roasted chicken or soy sauce chicken. However it’s prepared, it’s one of Singapore’s best foods. The dipping sauces -- premium dark soy sauce, chili with garlic and pounded ginger -- give it that little extra oomph to ensure whenever you’re not actually in Singapore eating chicken rice, you’re thinking of it. barbecue pork Pigs can’t fly, but they can grill beautifully chili crab As hot, and as tasty, as it looks. Poutine, Canada French fries smothered in cheese curds and brown gravy. Sounds kind of disgusting, looks even worse, but engulfs the mouth in a saucy, cheesy, fried-potato mix that’ll have you fighting over the last dollop. Our Canadian friends insist it’s best enjoyed at 3 a.m. after “several” beers. . Fish n chips It’s not posh, it’s not refined, but it is damn good eating. Tacos, Mexico A fresh, handmade tortilla stuffed with small chunks of grilled beef rubbed in oil and sea salt then covered with guacamole, salsa, onions, cilantro or anything else you want -- perfect for breakfast, lunch or dinner. This is the reason no visitor leaves Mexico weighing less than when they arrived. Buttered toast with Marmite, Britain OK, anything buttered is probably going to taste great, but there’s something about this tangy, salty, sour, loveit-or-hate-it yeast extract that turns a piece of grilled bread into a reason to go on living.

Type Magazine.indd 23

For extra yum factor, add a layer of marmalade. parma ham Only ham this great can make fresh melon even better. Stinky tofu, Southeast Asia Nothing really prepares you for the stench of one of the strangest dishes on earth. Like durian, smelly tofu is one of Southeast Asia’s most iconic foods. The odor of fermenting tofu is so overpowering many aren’t able to shake off the memory for months. So is the legendarily divine taste really worth the effort? Sure it is. Marzipan, Germany Don’t be fooled by cheap imitations, which use soy paste or almond essence. The real stuff, which uses nothing but ground almonds with sugar, is so good, you’ll eat a whole bar of it, feel sick, and still find yourself toying with the wrapper on bar number two. Handle with care, devour with gusto. Ketchup, United States If Malcolm Gladwell says it’s a perfect food, then it’s a perfect food. Let’s face it, anything that can convince two-year-olds to eat their carrots rather than spitting them onto the floor is worthy of not just a “delicious” title, but a “miracle of persuasion” title, too. pho, vietnam noodles Spare us the just-add-water pots, this is what real noodles should look like. French toast, Hong Kong Unlike its more restrained Sunday brunch counterpart, Hong Kong-style French toast is like a deepfried hug. Two pieces of toast are slathered with peanut butter or kaya jam, soaked in egg batter, fried in butter and served with still more butter and lots of syrup. A Hong Kong best food, best enjoyed before cholesterol checks. Also: 40 Hong Kong foods we can’t live without fajitas. If only every food could be wrapped in a tortilla. Chicken parm, Australia Melted Parmesan and mozzarella cheese, and a peppery, garlicky tomato sauce drizzled over the top of a chicken fillet -- Aussie pub-goers claim this ostensibly Italian dish as their own. Since they make it so well, there’s no point in arguing. Texas barbecue pork, United States A saucy mash of chili, tomatoes, onions, pepper and various herbs gives each barbecue chef his or her own personalized zing to lay on top of perfectly prepped pig. Like the Texas sky, the options are endless. Chili crab, Singapore You can’t visit Singapore without trying its spicy, sloppy, meaty specialty. While there are dozens of ways to prepare crab (with black pepper, salted egg yolk, cheese-baked, et cetera) chili crab remains the local bestseller. Spicy chili-tomato gravy tends to splatter, which is why you need to mop everything up with mini mantou buns. Maple syrup, Canada Ever tried eating a pancake without maple syrup? It’s like eating a slice of cardboard. Poorly prepared cardboard. In fact, Canada’s gift to parents everywhere -- throw some maple syrup on the kid’s broccoli and see what happens -- makes just about anything worth trying. Pass the cardboard, please. Fish ‘n’ chips, Britain Anything that’s been around since the 1860s can’t be doing much wrong. The staple of the Victorian British working class is a crunchy-outside, soft-inside dish of simple, un-adorned fundamentals. Sprinkled with salt, vinegar and dollops of tartar sauce, it is to nouveau cuisine what Meat Loaf is to Prince (or whatever he’s calling himself now). Ankimo, Japan So, who’s up for a chunk of monkfish liver with a little grated daikon on the side? Thought not -- still, you’re missing out on one of sushi’s last great secrets, the prized ankimo. The monkfish/anglerfish that unknowingly bestows its liver upon upscale sushi fans is threatened by commercial fishing nets damaging its sea-floor habitat, so it’s possible ankimo won’t be around for much longer. If you do stumble across the creamy, yet oddly light delicacy anytime soon, consider a taste -- you won’t regret trying one of the best foods in Japan. Parma ham, Italy You see it folded around melon, wrapped around grissini, placed over pizza, heaped over salad. There’s good reason for that: these salty, paper-thin slices of air-dried ham lift the taste of everything they accompany to a higher level, following the same theory as the Italian guy who thinks carrying around a copy of “Candide” makes up for the tiny Speedos. Goi cuon (summer roll), Vietnam This snack made from pork, shrimp, herbs, rice vermicelli and other ingredients wrapped in rice paper is served at room temperature. It’s “meat light,” with the flavors of refreshing herbs erupting in your mouth. Dipped in a slightly sweet Vietnamese sauce laced with ground peanuts, it’s wholesome, easy and the very definition of “moreish

5/1/14 5:54 AM


40 Tokyo foods we can’t live without Pho, Vietnam This oft-mispronounced national dish (“fuh” is correct) is just broth, fresh rice noodles, a few herbs and usually chicken or beef. But it’s greater than the sum of its parts -- fragrant, tasty and balanced, the polar opposite of the moto rider who brought you to the little café where you find the best stuff. Montreal-style smoked meat, Canada Day and night, lines form outside of Schwartz’s, Montreal’s best Hebrew delicatessen and Canada’s oldest. Here clerks slice up the best smoked meat in North America.mFollowing a 1928 recipe, the meat is cured for 10 days. Order your smoked beef sandwich medium-lean, heavy on the mustard, three pickles and with extra pommes frites, the way the Rolling Stones have supposedly enjoyed it. Schwartz’s, 3895 St-Laurent, Montreal, Canada;, Mexico This assembly kit of a dining experience is a thrill to DIY enthusiasts everywhere. Step 1: Behold the meat sizzling on a fiery griddle. Step 2: Along with the meat, throw side servings of capsicum, onion, guacamole, sour cream and salsa into a warm, flour tortilla. Step 3: Promise all within hearing range that you’ll have “just one more.” Step 4: Repeat. garlic butter crab Thankfully you don’t have to catch these prickly fellas yourself. Butter garlic crab, IndiaThis one claims no roots in Chinese, Continental or Indian cuisines. It comes from Butter Land, an imaginary best foods paradise balanced on the premise that anything tastes great with melted butter. This delicious, simple dish is made by drowning a large crab in a gallon of butter-garlic sauce, which seeps into every nook and cranny and coats every inch of flesh.The sea gods of Butter Land are benevolent carnivores and this, their gift to the world, is their signature dish. lasagna So good, they gave it five levels. Champ, Ireland Irish national dish champ goes down faster than the first pint of Guinness on a Friday night. Mashed potato with spring onions, butter, salt and pepper, champ is the perfect side with any meat or fish. For the textbook plate of creamy goodness, we suggest the busiest pub in any Irish seaside town. Around noon somehow feels right. croissant and jam Best way to eat this? There are some who will not frequent an establishment if it does not have brownie and ice cream on the dessert menu. You may call them fools.

Type Magazine.indd 24

We do, too, but having done so we then happily leave the first restaurant after the main course to visit one we know has this perfect dessert on offer. lobster If you were on a million menus you’d have big claws, too. Croissant, France Flaky pastry smothered in butter, a pile of raspberry jam smeared over the top and a soft, giving bite as you sink in your teeth; there’s nothing not to love about this fatty, sweet breakfast food that must be married to a cup of strong coffee. sugared donuts Yeah, you’ll get fat, but you’ll have a great time doing so. Arepas, Venezuela A corn-dough patty that provides a savory canvas onto which you can paint any number of delicious toppings: cheese, shredded chicken, crisped pork skin, perico, beef, tomato, avocado … it’s the most beautiful thing to come out of Venezuela since all those Miss Universe winners. shepherd’s pie Good food day and night, shepherd’s delight? Kebab, Iran For keeping starvation at bay for the entire student population of the United Kingdom, the doner kebab should clearly be honored. But they are hardly the delicious prototype worthy of representing a region. For that, summon the shish kebab. Pick your meat, shove a stick through it, grill. Then wonder why you don’t eat like this every day. ice cream Who put that stinking fruit in there? Lobster, global Forget all your fancy, contrived lobster dishes deployed by showoff chefs eager for Michelin endorsement. When you have a best food as naturally delicious as these little fellas, keep it simple. The best way to enjoy lobster is simply to boil it and serve with a side of melted butter and slice of lemon. hamburger The best cows come minced and in a bun. Egg tart, Hong Kong Like many classic dishes, the Hong Kong egg tart marries two contrasting textures: crusty, flaky pastry and jiggly, trembling custard. It’s sweet, it’s delicious and it’s best eaten hot from the oven on the street while queuing up to get just one more. Kalua pig, United States Only commercially available in Hawaii, the kalua preparation turns a meal into an epic event, with a whole pig roasted in an underground sand pit for six or seven hours. But it’s not just for show. Smashed banana tree trunks, sea salt and shredded (never sliced) meat means this smoky, aromatic piece of pig will linger long on your tongue and even longer in your memory.

5/1/14 5:54 AM

24 Also: Bali’s incredible pig roast Donuts, United States These all-American fried wheels of dough need no introduction, but we will say one thing: the delicious guilt of snacking on these addictive calorie bombs makes them taste even better. If that’s possible. Corn on the cob, global God probably created corn just to have an excuse to invent melted butter. There’s something about biting down on a cob of corn -- it’s a delicate enough operation to require concentration but primal enough to make you feel like the caveman you always wanted to be. Great food is caveman food. Shepherd’s pie, BritainSome might say England’s greatest inventions were the steam engine and the Jaguar E-Type. We like to think shepherd’s pie -- minced lamb topped with mashed potato -- comes somewhere in that list. Tastes best at the end of a gloomy, rainy day with an open fire licking at the chimney breast and Ricky Gervais insulting people on the telly. Which is lucky, as that’s what most days are like in England. Rendang, IndonesiaBeef is slowly simmered with coconut milk and a mixture of lemongrass, galangal, garlic, turmeric, ginger and chilies, then left to stew for a few hours to create this dish of tender, flavorful bovine goodness. Tasting it fresh out of the kitchen will send your stomach into overdrive, but many people think it gets even better when left overnight. Also: The baddest chef in Asia? Chicken muamba, Gabon A bastardized Western version of this delectable Gabonese dish swamps everything in peanut butter. Oh, the insanity. The proper recipe calls for chicken, hot chili, garlic, tomato, pepper, salt, okra and palm butter, an artery-clogging African butter that will force you into a second helping and a promise to start using your gym membership. Ice cream, United States You may have just gorged yourself to eruption point, but somehow there’s always room for a tooth-rotting, U.S.-style pile of ice cream with nuts, marshmallows and chocolate sauce. Thank God for extra long spoons that allow you get at the real weight-gain stuff all mixed up and melted at the bottom of the glass. Tom yum goong, Thailand This best food Thai masterpiece teems with shrimp, mushrooms, tomatoes, lemongrass, galangal and kaffir lime leaves. Usually loaded with coconut milk and cream, the hearty soup unifies a host of favorite Thai tastes: sour, salty, spicy and sweet. Best of all is the price: cheap. Penang assam laksa, Malaysia Poached, flaked mackerel, tamarind, chili, mint, lemongrass, onion, pineapple … one of Malaysia’s most popular dishes is an addictive spicy-sour fish broth with noodles (especially great when fused with ginger), that’ll have your nose running before the spoon even hits your lips. Hamburger, Germany When something tastes so good that people spend US$20 billion each year in a single restaurant chain devoted to it, you know it has to fit into this list. McDonald’s may not offer the best burgers, but that’s the point -- it doesn’t have to. The bread-meat-salad combination is so good that entire countries have ravaged their eco-systems just to produce more cows. peking duck A real quacker of a food. Peking duck, China The maltose-syrup glaze coating the skin is the secret. Slow roasted in an oven, the crispy, syrup-coated skin is so good that authentic eateries will serve more skin than meat, and bring it with pancakes, onions and hoisin or sweet bean sauce. Other than flying or floating, this is the only way you want your duck. Also: 40 Shanghai foods we can’t live without sushi If this was a “most beautiful” foods list, this would be no. Sushi, Japan When Japan wants to build something right, it builds it really right. Brand giants such as Toyota, Nintendo, Sony, Nikon and Yamaha may have been created by people fueled by nothing more complicated than raw fish and rice, but it’s how the fish and rice is put together that makes this a global first-date favorite.The Japanese don’t live practically forever for no reason -- they want to keep eating this stuff.

Type Magazine.indd 25

5/1/14 5:54 AM

25 Language Of The World

Type Magazine.indd 26

The fastest ways to learn languages and go on fantastic adventures

5/1/14 5:54 AM

For language lovers, the facts are grim: Anglophones simply aren’t learning them any more. In Britain, despite four decades in the European Union, the number of A-levels taken in French and German has fallen by half in the past 20 years, while what was a growing trend of Spanish-learning has stalled. In America, the numbers are equally sorry. One factor behind the 9/11 attacks was the fact that the CIA lacked the Arabic-speakers who might have translated available intelligence. But ten years on, “English only” campaigns appeal more successfully to American patriotism than campaigns that try to promote language-learning, as if the most successful language in history were threatened. Why learn a foreign language? After all, the one you already speak if you read this magazine is the world’s most useful and important language. English is not only the first language of the obvious countries, it is now the rest of the world’s second language: a Japanese tourist in Sweden or a Turk landing a plane in Spain will almost always speak English. Nonetheless, compelling reasons remain for learning other languages. They range from the intellectual to the economical to the practical. First of all, learning any foreign language helps you understand all language better—many Anglophones first encounter the words “past participle” not in an English class, but in French. Second, there is the cultural broadening. Literature is always best read in the original. Poetry and lyrics suffer particularly badly in translation. And learning another tongue helps the student grasp another way of thinking. Though the notion that speakers of different languages think differently has been vastly exaggerated and misunderstood, there is a great deal to be learned from discovering what the different cultures call this, that or das oder. The practical reasons are just as compelling. In business, if the team on the other side of the table knows your language but you don’t know theirs, they almost certainly know more about you and your company than you do about them and theirs—a bad position to negotiate from. Many investors in China have made fatally stupid decisions about companies they could not understand. This factor is the Chinese writing system (which Japan borrowed and adapted centuries ago). The learner needs to know at least 3,000-4,000 characters to make sense of written Chinese, and thousands more to have a real feel for it. Chinese, with all its tones, is hard enough to speak. But the mammoth feat of memory required to be literate in Mandarin is harder still.

Diplomacy, war-waging and intelligence work are all weakened by a lack of capable linguists. Virtually any career, public or private, is given a boost with knowledge of a foreign language. So which one should you, or your children, learn? If you take a glance at advertisements in New York or A-level options in Britain, an answer seems to leap out: Mandarin. China’s economy continues to grow at a pace that will make it bigger than America’s within two decades at most. China’s political clout is growing accordingly. Its businessmen are buying up everything from American brands to African minerals to Russian oil rights. If China is the country of the future, is Chinese the language of the future? Probably not. Remember Japan’s rise? Just as spectacular as China’s, if on a smaller scale, Japan’s economic growth led many to think it would take over the world. It was the world’s second-largest economy for decades (before falling to third, recently, behind China). So is Japanese the world’s third-most useful language? Not even close. If you were to learn ten languages ranked by general usefulness, Japanese would probably not make the list. And the key reason for Japanese’s limited spread will also put the brakes on Chinese. It deters most foreigners from ever mastering the system—and increasingly trips up Chinese natives. A recent survey reported in the People’s Daily found 84% of respondents agreeing that skill in Chinese is declining. If such gripes are common to most languages, there is something more to it in Chinese. Fewer and fewer native speakers learn to produce characters in traditional calligraphy.

Instead, they write their language the same way we do—with a computer. And not only that, but they use the Roman alphabet to produce Chinese characters: type in wo and Chinese language-support software will offer a menu of characters pronounced wo; the user selects the one desired. (Or if the user types in wo shi zhongguo ren, “I am Chinese”, the software detects the meaning and picks the right characters.) With less and less need to recall the characters cold, the Chinese are forgetting them. David Moser, a Sinologist, recalls asking three native Chinese graduate students at Peking University how to write “sneeze”: To my surprise, all three of them simply shrugged in sheepish embarrassment. Not one of them could correctly produce the character. Now, Peking University is usually considered the “Harvard of China”. Can you imagine three phd students in English at Harvard forgetting how to write the English word “sneeze”? Yet this state of affairs is by no means uncommon in China. As long as China keeps the character-based system—which will probably be a long time, thanks to cultural attachment and practical concerns alike—Chinese is very unlikely to become a true world language, an auxiliary language like English, the language a Brazilian chemist will publish papers in, hoping that they will be read in Finland and Canada. By all means, if China is your main interest, for business or pleasure, learn Chinese. It is fascinating, and learnable—though Moser’s online essay, “Why Chinese is so damn hard,” might discourage the faint of heart and the short of time.

Type Magazine.indd 27

5/1/14 5:54 AM

27 But if I was asked what foreign language is the most useful, and given no more parameters (where? for what purpose?), my answer would be French. Whatever you think of France, the language is much less limited than many people realise. As their empire spun off and they became a medium-sized power after the second world war, the French, hoping to maintain some distance from America and to make the most of their former possessions, established La Francophonie. This club, bringing together all the countries with a French-speaking heritage, has 56 members, almost a third of the world’s countries. Hardly any of them are places where French is everyone’s native language. Instead, they include countries with Francophone minorities (Switzerland, Belgium); those where French is official and widespread among elites (much of western Africa); those where it is not official but still spoken by nearly all educated people (Morocco, Lebanon); and those where French ties remain despite the fading of the language (Vietnam, Cambodia).

Type Magazine.indd 28

It even has members with few ties to French or France, like Egypt, that simply want to associate themselves with the prestige of the French-speaking world. Another 19 countries are observer members. French ranks only 16th on the list of languages ranked by native speakers. But ranked above it are languages like Telegu and Javanese that no one would call world languages. Hindi does not even unite India. Also in the top 15 are Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese, major languages to be sure but regionally concentrated. If your interest is the Middle East or Islam, by all means learn Arabic. If your interest is Latin

5/1/14 5:54 AM


or our



FYI is a common abbreviation of “for your information” (or “for your interest”, in some interpretations). “FYI” is commonly used in e-mail, instant messaging or memo messages, typically in the message subject, to flag the message as an informational message, with the intent to communicate to the receiver that he/she may be interested in the topic, but is not required to perform any action. It is also commonly used in informal and business spoken conversations. Among Internet Standards, FYIs are a subset of the Request for Comments (RFC) series. The following description is taken from FYI, the FYI on FYI: The FYI series of notes is designed to provide Internet users with a central repository of information about any topics which relate to the Internet. FYIs topics may range from historical memos on “Why it was done this way” to answers to commonly asked operational questions. Everyone dreams—every single night—and yet we tend to know so little about our dreams. Where do they come from? What do they mean? Can we control them and should we try to interpret them? We spoke to the dream experts to bring you nine surprising facts about dreams. Read before snoozing. Dreaming can help you learn. If you’re studying for a test or trying to learn a new task, you might consider taking a nap or heading to bed early rather than hovering over a textbook an hour longer. Here’s why: When the brain dreams, it helps you learn and solve problems, say researchers at Harvard Medical School. In a study that appeared in a recent issue of Current Biology, researchers report that dreams are the brain’s way of processing, integrating and understanding new information. To improve the quality of your sleep—and your brain’s ability to learn—avoid noise in the bedroom, such as the TV, which may negatively impact the length and quality of dreams. Just like men, women can have orgasms during dreams. Did you think only men experience this phenomenon? Not true, says Barbara Bartlik, MD, a psychiatrist and sex therapist in New York. Warning, further reading may produce blushing: “Women have orgasms during their sleep, just as men do,” she says. “These orgasms often accompany erotic dreams, but they also may occur during dreams of a nonerotic nature.” When women dream, she says, it’s not uncommon for their genitals to become engorged and lubricated. “This occurs during REM sleep, which happens several times during the night,” she says. A similar thing happens to men. “Men get erections during REM sleep, whether or not the man is having an erotic dream.” The most common dream? Your spouse is cheating.

If you’ve ever woken up in a cold sweat after dreaming about your husband’s extramarital escapade with your best friend, you’re not alone, says Lauri Quinn Loewenberg, a dream expert, author and media personality. “The most commonly reported dream is the one where your mate is cheating, ” she says. Loewenberg conducted a survey of more than 5,000 people, and found that the infidelity dream is the nightmare that haunts most people—sometimes on a recurring basis. It rarely has anything to do with an actual affair, she explains, but rather the common and universal fear of being wronged or left alone. You can have several—even a dozen—dreams in one night. It’s not just one dream per night, but rather dozens of them, say experts—you just may not remember them all. “We dream every 90 minutes throughout the night, with each cycle of dreaming being longer than the previous, ” explains Loewenberg. “The first dream of the night is about 5 minutes long and the last dream you have before awakening can be 45 minutes to an hour long.” It is estimated that most people have more than 100,000 dreams in a lifetime. A rat can last longer without water than a camel. Your stomach has to produce a new layer of mucus every two weeks or it will digest itself. The dot over the letter “i” is called a tittle. A raisin dropped in a glass of fresh champagne will bounce up and down continuously from the bottom of the glass to the top. A female ferret will die if it goes into heat and cannot find a mate. The number of possible ways of playing the first four moves per side in a game of chess is 318,979,564,000. There are no words in the dictionary that rhyme with orange, purple and silver. Astronauts are not allowed to eat beans before they go into space because passing wind in a spacesuit damages them. The very first bomb dropped by the Allies on Berlin in World War II killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo. Weatherman Willard Scott was the first Ronald McDonald. If one places a tiny amount of liquor on a scorpion, it will instantly go mad and sting itself to death. Bruce Lee was so fast that they actually had to s-l-o-w film down so you could see his moves. That’s the opposite of the norm. The first CD pressed in the US was Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the USA.” The original name for butterfly was flutterby. The phrase “rule of thumb” is derived from an old English law which stated that you couldn’t beat your wife with anything wider than your thumb.The first product Motorola started to develop was a record player for automobiles. At that time, the most known player on the market was Victrola, so they called themselves Motorola.

Type Magazine.indd 29

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Take a Typography class Today! Fast Fun and easy! You’ll be able to learn how to create your own font! Students of Flager College will be there to help you and teach you basic things about a computer

Type Magazine.indd 30

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Join today for 3 short payments of $9.99! Thats right $9.99!!

Type Magazine.indd 31

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Type Magazine.indd 32

5/1/14 5:54 AM

Type magazine  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you