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Noel Romรกn 2018 Portfolio


Copyright © 2018 Noel Francisco Román Díaz Design by: Noel Francisco Román Díaz Academic and Professional Portfolio All rights reserved. No part of this publication, total or partial may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means - including photocopying, recording, electronic or mechanical methods or other means, - is strictly prohibited without prior written

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Content 3

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Urban Eco-Cardiography

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Guatemala study abroad

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The Center Pretends to be Traditional

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Peru lectures

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Panama workshop

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Washington, D.C. internship

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Abroad Experiences

Research

Curriculum

Business

San Juan Municipal Offices

Housing

Capstone 33 43

Casa del Lago Miramar Condominium

Masters Degree

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Disaster Manegement

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Curriculum

Noel Francisco Roman

AIT, LEED Green Associate

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nŕ noel.roman93@gmail.com +34 632 11 2547 LinkedIn.com/In/noel-francisco-roman-diaz


achievements

communication

work experience

certifications

languaes

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service in Washinton, DC.

College of architects and landscape architects of PuertoRico

background

education

2018- ongoing Master’s in Disaster Manegement at Polytechnic University of Madrid

2017- Bachelor in Architecture at Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico

2017- ARCHITECT TRAINEE GS-0899-07

2017- draftman

2017- ARCHITECT IN TRAINNING [AIT]

2017- LEED Green Associate

SPANISH native ENGLISH fluent FRENCH basic AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE basic

gbci# 11184738

Orion Engineering, LLC in Carolina, Puerto Rico

investigations

study abroad

research

Student exchange program

2015- the nucleus wants to be traditional: transformations around the city square of Moca, Puerto Rico

2014- Universidad del Istmo Guatemala City, Guatemala

thesis

lectures

workshop

30th Latin American Architecture Student’s Mmeetig [CLEA] Arequipa, Peru

LATIN AMERICAN SOCIAL WORKSHOP Panama city, Panama

2015- national delegate

2016- national delegate

2016- urban echocardiography: documentation of available spaces to be developed in the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico

skills

leadership

recognitions

professional skills

personal skills

student organization

contest

autocad

communication

rhinoceros

creativity

2015-2016 - President at LINEA Puerto Rico in Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico

archicad

iniciative

2013- design fundamentals III best design for nursing home prof. Josue Rivera. winner project.

revit

teamwork

sketchup

problem-solving

illustrator

work ethic

2015- creator and organizer In conversatory “What comes next?” [¿Y Ahora Qué?] Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico

2014- Guatemala City Museum proposal for the new museum of Guatemala city. honorific mention.

photoshop

technical competency

microsoft office

publication 2016- [DE]BRIEF 20_SEVENTEEN architecture school journal. Student’s work compilation. 4


Capstone

Mira flores 15 Fifth year studio Isla Grande Ports, San Juan, Puerto Rico software: AutoCAD, Revit professor: Carlos Betancourt jury: Jaime Suárez, Miguel Calzada It is proposed in this port area of Isla ​​ Grande a juxtaposition of situations: a space that generates a site of identity and, at the same time, a zone of crossing. Presenting this duality of spaces, it is proposed a window to the bay, thus generating commercial and residential area.This operation would work as a catalytic agent for activation of construction in the area and, in turn, economic development of the country.

The 35 stories building holds residential areas along with comercial areas, parking spaces and green parks. 5


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Proposed Road Network

intervention diagram

Bahía

MF 15

San Juan

conexión

Isla Grande, San Juan, Puerto Rico 7


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UP

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MAIN F L OOR PL AN 3/64” = 1’-0”

Access floor Plan 10


CONJUNTO 5000 LA RADA APARTMENTS

CONJUNTO 4000 UNITé D’HABITATION

1020 Avenida Ashford, San Juan, PUERTO RICO

ARQUITECTO HENRY KLUMB

CON 280 Boulevard Michelet, 13008 Marseille, Francia

ARQUITECTO LE CORBUSIER

planta habitacional ampliada 500 escala 1’ = 1/8”

sección 500 escala 1’ = 1/4”

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 5000 ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

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diagrama de espacialidad

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 4000 primer nivel ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 4000 segundo nivel ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

diagrama de espacialidad

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 3000 PRIMER NIVEL ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”


NJUNTO 3000

CONJUNTO 2000

CONJUNTO 1000

CONJUNTO JK Rua dos Guajajaras, 1268 - Barro Preto, Belo Horizonte - MG, 30120-010, Brasil

ROBIN HOOD GARDENS 129 Robin Hood Gardens, Woolmore St, Poplar, London E14 0HG, Reino Unido

ARQUITECTO OSCAR NIEMEYER

ARQUITECTOS ALISON Y PETER SMITHSON

CHECK POINT CHARLIE Friedrichstraße 43-45, 10117 Berlin, Alemania

ARQUITECTO rEM kOOLHAAS

diagrama de espacios 1/16”=1’-0” TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN 3/32”=1’-0” escaleras de escape cuarto de contadores circulación vertical comunicaciones circulación horizontal basura

DN

axonométrico 300 escala 1’ = 1/8”

ROOF PLAN 3/32”=1’-0”

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 3000 SEGUNDO NIVEL ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

diagrama de espacialidad

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 2000 PRIMER NIVEL ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 2000 SEGUNDO NIVEL ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

BLOW UP APARTAMENTO TíPICO 1000 ESCALA 1/8” = 1’-0”

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at r a c a l a a d n e i v i v e d e u q o l b

8” FLAT SLAB

8” DROP PANEL

2’ X 3’ CONCRETE COLUMNS BEAM

MUELLE EXISTENTE

FACADE

Shape diagram 13

Structural and Facade diagram


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Structural Floor Plan 14


siones

elevación oeste

elevación oeste

elevación este

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escala 3/32” = 1’-0”

escala 3/32” = 1’-0”

escala 3/32” = 1’-0”


elevación sur

elevación sur

escala 3/32” = 1’-0”

escala 3/32” = 1’-0”

elevación norte escala 3/32” = 1’-0”

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+ 340’-0” AGL + 330’-0” AGL + 320’-0” AGL + 310’-0” AGL + 300’-0” AGL + 290’-0” AGL + 280’-0” AGL + 270’-0” AGL + 260’-0” AGL + 250’-0” AGL + 240’-0” AGL + 230’-0” AGL + 220’-0” AGL + 210’-0” AGL + 200’-0” AGL + 190’-0” AGL + 180’-0” AGL + 170’-0” AGL + 160’-0” AGL + 150’-0” AGL + 140’-0” AGL + 130’-0” AGL + 120’-0” AGL + 110’-0” AGL + 100’-0” AGL

+ 80’-0” AGL

+ 60’-0” AGL + 50’-0” AGL + 40’-0” AGL + 30’-0” AGL + 20’-0” AGL + 10’-0” AGL 0’-0” GROUND LEVEL

Section 5000

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scale 3/32= 1’-0”

Section 4000

scale 3/32= 1’-0”

Section 3000

scale 3/32= 1’-0”


+ 300’-0” AGL + 290’-0” AGL + 280’-0” AGL + 270’-0” AGL + 260’-0” AGL + 250’-0” AGL

+ 230’-0” AGL + 220’-0” AGL + 210’-0” AGL + 200’-0” AGL + 190’-0” AGL + 180’-0” AGL + 170’-0” AGL + 160’-0” AGL + 150’-0” AGL + 140’-0” AGL + 130’-0” AGL + 120’-0” AGL + 110’-0” AGL + 100’-0” AGL

+ 80’-0” AGL

+ 60’-0” AGL + 50’-0” AGL + 40’-0” AGL + 30’-0” AGL + 20’-0” AGL + 10’-0” AGL 0’-0” GROUND LEVEL

Section 2000

scale 3/32= 1’-0”

Section 1000

scale 3/32= 1’-0”

Cross-Section views

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Research

Urban Ecocardio graphy Fifth year studio professor: Jorge Rigau

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ABSTRACT IN THE FACE OF the urban sprawl that is perceived in the city of San Juan, the Planning Board of Puerto Rico developed a new Land Use Plan (PUT) as an instrument for land management of the Island, protect environmentally sensitive land and stop the expansion of the city. As it seeks growth outside the city and strengthen existing facilities, it is worth looking for spaces at same time that allows growth inside. Thus we identifydifferent lots that have been segregated in the city and that have not been seen by the population as a place to develop. In favor of we define them as ‘invisible spaces’ that, according to the architect Sebastián Bianchi, are spaces that do not try to be part of the façade known as the city projected by itself. When growing the city without an apparent planning to limit its territorial extension, and having within the city these spaces still available, one wonders ” What contribution could these invisible spaces have to the city in terms of vision, social, economic growth and environmental actions? What are the

elements that promote the underutilization of these lands and what factors would determine then what will be the future use to them? Also, thought from a peripheral vision, what are the components that would be needed in these spaces, as catalytic agents?

as a historic corridor and as cation for the predominantly tal structure that joins citizen bay. In this maritime-terrest a heterogeneous building is which interspersed spaces of es, commerce, leisure and p

This research is emphasized in the port areas of the Isla Grande area by the connections that can be generated in the city with the Miramar, Puerto Rico Convention Center, Hato Rey, Cataño and Old San Juan areas. the Bay. A part of the potential that represents this underused area as the union of the coast with the city, symbolizes a continuation of the citizens to the coast by its military past and its present function.

From its access level there is a that allows a better appreciat surrounding areas, at the sam refers to the sand dunes that in the area, making its locatio in the Caribbean coastal conte space also sifts the parking ar tained under it and acts as an tion platform for the in-Land designed in its later area. Thi sion of the bay to the city con plans of the Tourism Company to develop club for mega yachts, thus ref its Spanish colonial past whe was a canal that separated th flores Islet with the Miramar that area.

The Bay of San Juan is mostly used as the most active port on the island, however, it is one of the most coveted views of the colonial city. That is why it is proposed then a building that harbors a greater density of inhabitants, that activates the area and that works as a catalytic agent for the growth of the city towards the coast. The footprint of Pier 15 of Isla Grande is used

For the residential space, five of housing were studied thro history of architecture that ev


a main loy horizonns with its trial space, designed, f residencpublic use.

a park tion of the me time it existed on unique ext. This rea conn observad marina is extenntinues the

military past and its function of social integration of its residents. These housing models are introduced in a container that weaves each one of them and that responds in a holistic way to the needs of its inhabitants to the meeting, recreation and habitability. These examples of apartments designed by the architects Rem Koolhas, Alison and Peter Smithson, Oscar Neimeyer, Le Corbusier and Henry Klumb were adapted to work in a local environment and be conceived together as a new housing paradigm where each resident can select their typology within the catalog of architecture on demand.

p a yacht freshing en there he Miraarea in

e types ough the voke a

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Research

The

Center Pretends to be Traditional transformations around the town square of Moca, Puerto Rico Third year studio professor: Jorge Rigau pictures: Biblioteca Nacional y Archivo General de Puerto Rico

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ABSTRACT When studying the history of Moca, it becomes evident that its urban core has evolved over the years; from being a mere intersection of two streets, to becoming a ‘locus’ - a place with its own identity, a space with the power of association for successive generations. It gathers emblematic pieces such as the Catholic Church and the Mayor’s Office; also others structures of local significance such as the Police Department, shops and well-known residences. Thus, the Plaza de Moca - for those who do not know much about history - seems to be a common traditional center, with evocative and nostalgic capacity, like many others in Puerto Rico. However, by deepening into its development, several historical events reveal that its most emblematic buildings have undergone dramatic changes over time. What are the factors that have been combined so that these buildings still retain the value assigned to them? How is the relationship between one and other structures achieved without apparent axes that

underline or underscore some spatial direction? What are the characteristics and conditions that prevail in the area? How loyal to its times and history are the buildings that make up the traditional center? To answer these questions it is worth emphasizing what we mean by “public square”. Puerto Rican architect Hector Arce defined the concept as “the result of both tradition and the free will of man.” A few years later, he reiterates that public space is “a container and stage for the monuments and facades of structures that define it. “Recognized that the atmosphere of competition is an essential part of the square, it would be defined as: the result, both of the tradition, of the decision and intervention of the human being and the integral relationship of it with its surroundings. The explanation of Arce’s ‘public square’ is relevant given the contemporary debate on the rescue of urban centers on the Island. Given its deterioration, how should we position ourselves today in the face of the weight of history? Should we

bet to start from scratch and, qualms, endorse an invented

Whether designing a new str changing the facade to anoth ing it look older, have been decisions taken around the p square of the so-called capita Mundillo. Both resolutions ha common factor the human be immersed in nostalgia, assim new scenario as a familiar on ilar explanation to this pheno found in psychology. The La ‘de-lirare’ manifests when som deviates from the established This being the case, the deliri a false conviction and recogn certain the situations derived deception. By accepting the c stipulated in the historical ce Moca, the villagers are lost in of delirium, in which the adu beliefs are firmly held and pe real. This is what the Argenti choanalyst and writer Gabrie says: “It is very difficult to ge to the idea that things are dif when in reality everything re same.”


without d tradition?

ructure or her, mak-

public al of the ave as a eing who, milates the ne. A simomenon is atin term meone d norm. ium holds nizes as d from a changes enter of n a phase ulterated erceived as ine psyel RolĂłn et used fferent emains the

The center is traditional for those who feel it, however it is not a place to evoke old stories without a short reminder before of how things have changed. The freshest memories of the questioned population arise when they see the Benejam house, where locals remember seeing the son of the family playing the piano through the door, and also at the Adolfo Babilonia school, where people remember their childhood in the campus. By its definition in the Real Spanish Academy, ‘tradition’ means doctrine, custom, etc., conserved in a town by transmission of parents to children. It lends itself to interpretation that it does not matter what happened in the place, but how to remember the event when communicating it to another generation. Agreed upon, there is a problem: there can not be a habit or legend in a place that bellows history when it is designed without thinking about it.

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Business

San Juan

municipal offices fourth year studio Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico software: Archicad professor: Enrique Abruña jury: Enrique Abruña Design for the new municipal offices of San Juan in the neighborhood of Río Piedras, Puerto Rico. Río Piedras is better known as a college town because is known as a student city because it houses the largest university on the island, the University of Puerto Rico. The design holds 600 square feet of offices in a 6 stories building with auditoriom, cafeteria and parking spaces.

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STORAGE GENERAL (20' x 50')

AREA DE CARGA Y DESCARGA (20' x 40')

CUARTO ELECTRICO (12' x 10')

TELCO (12' x 8')

seguridad carga (12' x 10')

ANFITEATRO (60' x 80')

CUARTO DE CORREO (30' x 30')

STORAGE ANFITEATRO (25' x 30')

D15

CUARTO DE CHILLERS (30' x 40')

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CUARTO DE BOMBAS (20' x 30')

-1 Floor Plan parking area + and services


CUARTO ELECTRICO (10' x 8')

TELCO (6' x 8')

CUARTO AC

CUARTO MECANICO (8' X 12')

CUARTO AC (8' x 10')

1 Floor Plan plaza + auditorium + office spaces + cafeteria

2 Floor Plan office spaces

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Sections 29


Luis Muñoz Marín St. Elevation 30


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Housing

Casa del lago Second year studio Trujillo alto, Puerto Rico hand drawings renders using Revit professor: Josué Rivera jury: Josué Rivera

Design for a nursing home near Lago Las Curías in Cupey, San Juan. The project is situated in a terrain with a steep slope that ends in the lake. the 3-storey building contains leisure, administrative and dining spaces and 12 rooms, in addition to workshops and therapeutic pool.

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Roof Plan View 37


1st Floor Plan View

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Cross-Sections 39


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Housing

MIRA MAR CONDO MINIUM Fourth year studio Miramar, San Juan, Puerto rico software: AutoCad, Rhino professor: JosuĂŠ Rivera Residential building in Miramar sector in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The 12 stories high building Has an outdoor commercial area in the first floor, along with community spaces and access to the living floors and the underground parking garage.

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Shape and Structural Diagrams 45


Roof Plan View 46


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Olimpo St. Elevation 48


Miramar Ave. Elevation 49


Access Floor Plan View

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Cross-Section View 51


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ABROAD EXPERIENCE

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PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

MASTER PL

Intervenc

Study Abroad

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

GUATEMALA 2014 THIRD year studio

UNIVERSIDAD DEL ISTMO, GUATEMALA CITY GUATEMALA classes: conservation, History of Guatemala, architectural representation sketching professors: Andres Forno, Eduardo Escobar, Emilio Vargas, PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT 55

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1. Parque Cente 2. Museo 3. Hotel


LAN

ciones

7 1

5

6

8

4 3

enario

4. PĂŠrgola 5. Plaza Mayor 6. 7ma Avenida

7. 6 calle 8. Mercado Central

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Lectures

ELEA PERU 2015

30TH ELEA LATIN AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE STRUDENTS MEETING

AREQUIPA, PERU

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ELEA is the Latin American Meeting of Architecture

Students; an event organized by the Latin American Architecture Student Coordinator (CLEA), a non-profit organization formed by architecture students from all Latin America. Year after year, CLEA seeks to bring together the largest number of architecture students to address and discern about different problems associated with urbanism, architectural design, landscaping, urban sociology, among other topics relevant to the architectural discipline. The event aims to contribute to the creation of a critical conscience in young architects, professionals committed to their culture and social work in the different cities that make up Latin American geography.

The vision of the meeting is directed to how to approach the four most important pillars in the formation of every architect today and how to apply them to our cities in a different way than we are used to. These four thematic axes of the event will be social housing, ecotĂŠcnias, public space and heritage.


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Social Workshop

TSL Panama 2016 NATIONAL DELEGATE LATIN AMERICAN SOCIAL WORKSHOP PANAMA CITY, PANAMA pictures by: Ambar Calvo

https://www.facebook.com/tslpanama2016

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The Latin American Social Workshop (TSL) is an academic event promoted

by the Latin American Architecture Students’ Coordinator (CLEA), with the intention of exploring the social service of architecture through the management of a project led by students, with the participation of public and private entities, groups, architects, teachers and members of civil society. The event has the presence of students from America and the world who carry out urban-architectural projects to solve real problems in a Latin American population or community. Quebrada Ancha is a humble village made up entirely of peasants and indigenous people. It belongs to the corregimiento of Chilibre, but to get there, you have to travel about 35 minutes in small boats through Lake Alajuela.

Quebrada Ancha has a population of 150 people. It has no electricity, aqueducts, permanent medical attention and the only school has two classrooms and a dining room, and it does not have the necessary elements to provide education in a proper way, despite the fact that the residents of the place assure that they have everything their children need to learn. panamaamerica.com.pa


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Internship

National Park Service

Washington DC, USA Architect Trainee US Department of the Interior National Park Service Washington, D.C., USA software: autocad

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The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) is the nation’s first

federal preservation program, begun in 1933 to document America’s architectural heritage. Creation of the program was motivated primarily by the perceived need to mitigate the negative effects upon our history and culture of rapidly vanishing architectural resources. At the same time, important early preservation initiatives were just getting underway, such as restoration of the colonial capital at Williamsburg and the development within the National Park Service (NPS) of historical parks and National Historic Sites. Architects interested in the colonial era had previously produced drawings and photographs of historic architecture, but only on a limited, local, or regional basis. A source was needed to assist with the documentation of our architectural heritage, as well as with design and interpretation of historic resources, that was national in scope. As it was stated in the tripartite agreement between the American Institute of

Architects, the Library of Congress, and the NPS that formed HABS, “A comprehensive and continuous national survey is the logical concern of the Federal Government.” As a national survey, the HABS collection is intended to represent “a complete resume of the builder’s art.” Thus, the building selection ranges in type and style from the monumental and architect-designed to the utilitarian and vernacular, including a sampling of our nation’s vast array of regionally and ethnically derived building traditions.

Catoctin Mountain, MD

With the Great Depression weighing heavily on society, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt had just such a plan with his New Deal programs. Across the country, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) provided training, skill development and employment for hundreds of thousands of people and were responsible for many social and in-

frastructure improvement projects. Catoctin Mountain Recreational Demonstration Area was just such a project and Camp Misty Mount was the first cabin camp built to develop a park from land that was deemed no longer productive for agriculture.

Camp Misty Mount

Much of the rich history of the Catoctin Recreation Demonstration Area remains to this day. Camp Misty Mount, recognized as an historic district, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1989. It is preserved for you to enjoy and use today although climate change is threatening future use. Individuals and groups may experience history first hand by staying overnight in a cabin built with hope to restore a nation. The old growth forest may be gone but with careful stewardship and dedication, the second growth forest will continue to thrive. nps.gov


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Camp Misty Mount Cabin 5 North Elevation 63


Camp Misty Mount Cabin 5 West Elevation 64


Master’s Degree

Disaster

Manegement

Universidad PolitĂŠcnica de Madrid Madrid, Spain Estimated Graduation time: February 2019

This Master intends to give a

global training in disaster manegement and emergencies. The frame of reference considers the set of decisions both political as administratie and intervention operations that are carried out in the different stages of a disaster: Prevention and Mitigation (risk analysis), Preparation, Response and Recovery. It is aimed at training managers with a global vision of the processes that result in a disaster and the reaction to it, being the management of information for decision making a central axis in the formation. The Master in Disaster Management is included

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at the International Graduate School of Campus of International Excellence Moncloa, where teaching will be imparted in its entirety. Disasters have gone from being of character local to be understood globally in the society. The analysis and risk reduction of disaster, the increase of resilience, emergency response and security actions, they are increasingly demanded activities in a global society. Therefore, the departures Master’s professionals are very broad spectrum, from entities of the administration (town halls, civil protection ...) to organizations specific interven-

tion in disasters, risk management companies ... The Master aims to give a global education in disaster management, not existing until now. Of a clearly multidisciplinary nature, brings together the knowledge coming from very different areas of knowledge, something impossible to achieve in other studies. http://blogs.mat.ucm.es/mgd/


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Master’s Degree

Refugee

Camp Culebra, Puerto Rico professor: Julián García

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ABSTRACT

A refugee camp is designed on the island of Culebra, east of Puerto Rico. An earthquake is supposed to have occurred in the trench of Puerto Rico, in the Atlantic Ocean north of the island. The incident caused the eviction of 325 families (1,200 people), who need to be relocated while working on the damage caused to their homes. . A lot of approximately 48,000 square meters of easy and short access to the town center of the municipality of Culebra is chosen. It is decided that the distance to the center should be as short as possible so that the inhabitants of the camp continue their normal life immediately. It is intended that several access roads were interrupted by the disaster, so mobility in vehicles will be limited. The selected lot has a main road in the western part that separates it from a gas station and the main supermarket of the Island. It has an industrial structure to the north and an area of ​​ thick vegetation borders to the east and south. The land is completely fenced. The lot is subdivided into five different zones: dormitory area, administrative area, service area, parking area and leisure area. The bedroom area is subdivided into different sets. Each set has nine housing units (shelter). Each shelter measures 3m x 6m (18 square meters), able to accommodate up to 5 people;

45 people per set. In this set is also a kitchen-dining area, as a kitchen is enabled to be used by all the inhabitants of the group. The only structure in concrete will be for toilets. The set is completely fenced, having a gate on one of its sides, for the safety and protection of its members. 26 sets are designed in the space. The space has an ascending slope from the street to the wooded area, with the eastern side being the highest. This is why, taking advantage of this inclination of the terrain, the highest elevation is selected to locate the water cistern and thus ensure access to the liquid on all sides. This system has PVC piping buried under the ground in such a way that it allows an access to water in each set. Taking advantage of the ditch of the water pipeline, a sanitary network is designed from the bathrooms of each set to a collection area for sewage in the lower elevation, with direct access to the street. It is intended that this proposed cistern will work until the sanitary network is connected to the island’s aqueduct system. These networks are joined in the same ditch by the pipe network with the electrical system. The electrical system is connected from a diesel electricity generator that would also be located near the entrance to the camp while the connection to the island’s electrical system is made. These three networks-potable water, sanitation and

electricity-are connected to each set by the toilet structure, the only concrete structure of each set, to avoid making electricity connections in easily ignitable structures. On the west side, because there is less inclination in the lot and easy access from the road, it is used to locate the largest number of administrative areas, service, parking and leisure. The parking area is located on the west side, to serve as a buffer zone between the road and the south sleeping area. In this parking area there is a security booth for a guard at all times of the day, spaces for the generation of electricity with diese and space for the collection of sewage. There is also on this side an administrative area that functions as an office, grocery store and place to store tools. The lot is divided so that there is a strip of 30 meters wide in its narrowest part so that it divides the northern part of the south and works as a firebreak. This strip creates an axis from the entrance on the main street to the center of the camp where the recreation and recreation area of the ​​ camp is located. In this space there is also an administrative area that can be used for school, place of distribution of food and health center, in case the health center and school of the municipality are not habitable. This central leisure area functions as a space for meeting, living and dispersing, since from here they are divided into


families for their respective groups. At this point there would be another guardhouse that provides security and attends incidents. The camp has a main access gate and three other emergency exit gates. Each emergency exit must be labeled to know how to open it. Each set will have a designated area in front of these for the garbage deposit. Every day the garbage will be collected and transferred to the municipal dump to avoid odors and different vectors in the area.

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Master’s Degree

Graphic Design

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LA CIUDAD ANTE UNA OLA DE CALOR PHOENIX, ARIZONA, ESTADOS UNIDOS DE AMÉRICA

Vulnerabilidad de la población ante los desastres Máster Universitario en Gestión de Desastres

ARQ. NOEL FRANCISCO ROMÁN DÍAZ AIT, LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE

OBJETIVO DEL TRABAJO

Se busca con este trabajo estudiar la vulnerabilidad de los residentes de la ciudad de Phoenix, Arizona ante la ola de calor de 2017 y su preparación ante una futura. Se analiza a los habitantes de la ciudad, su interacción y sus distintas formas de desplazarse por la misma, como principal personaje que debe ser protegido para que la ciudad continúe en funcionamiento.

SITUACIÓN DE PARTIDA

Por condición de el emplazamiento de la ciudad en la zona desértica del suroeste de Estados Unidos y norte de México, la temperatura alcanza las cifras más altas de todo el país. Tras una ola de calor, provocada por una alta presión en la zona, la ciudad de Phoenix obtuvo su tercer día más caluroso en junio 22, 2017.

1.615 M

Población de Phoenix

1990

8.3%

1995

2017

134,045 menores de 5 años

8.4%

50 °C

135,660 mayores de 65 años

0.04%

6,000 personas sin hogar

https://www.census.gov/2010census/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn76sp.html https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jun/23/arizona-heatwave-homeless-phoenixar

DESCRIPCIÓN DESASTRE

+

Árboles en la ciudad tiene un promedio de vida de 10 años

40

Vuelos cancelados

$30M

Cortes en departamentos de parques y mantenimiento

Se restringió el uso de parques y otras actividades

DESARROLLO DEL CASO

+

48 °C

La OMM define ola de calor cuando la temperatura máxima diurna durante más de cinco días consecutivos excede la temperatura máxima promedio del período 19611990 en más de 5 grados.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2017/06/20/its-so-hot-in-phoenix-that-airplanes-cant-fly/?utm_term=.0b0e13414b7b http://www.azfamily.com/story/35664500/phoenix-heat-wave-too-hot-to-fly https://www.splintercreative.com/design-portfolio/city-of-phoenix-print-collateral/

+60%

Cortes en empleados de ornato en las calles

+

Efecto Isla de calor en la ciudad

Servicio de energía comprometido

+

Población huyó al norte escapando el calor

Relación directa entre alza en temperaturas con suicidios y enfermedades mentales

46°C temperatura promedio annual diurna en el desierto

=

5 muertes confirmadas, 57 en investigación

raro, peligroso y muy posiblemente mortal”

La ciudad habilitó espacios acondicionados para evitar la calor, espacios para las personas sin hogar buscar agua fría. El alcalde inició la campaña “We’re Cool” , en la que ofrece agua embotellada gratis a la población. Tiendas de mascotas regalaron botas para gatos y perros. Se recomendó mantenerse contantemente hidratado aún cuando no sienta sed.

Organizaciones involucradas

49 °C

+5 °C

Educación preventiva CALOR EXTENUANTE GOLPE DE CALOR SINTOMAS DE DESHIDRATACION PROTECCION DE MASCOTAS

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-21/extreme-us-heatwave-grounds-arizona-las-vegas-flights/8637278 http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/ct-southwest-heat-wave-20170620-story.html

SITUACIÓN ACTUAL

Aunque no se ha disminuido la vulnerabilidad por ser un evento tan reciente, sí hay algunas propuestas para disminuir el efecto de isla de calor, mejorar los ríos y reducir los efectos de gases invernaderos. La ciudad cuenta también con muchos espacios verdes que ayudan a reducir el calor en el área como lo son:

CONCLUSIONES •

Phoenix ha tomado medidas para continuar con una actividad normal durante eventos de calor extremo pero se debe atacar de primera instancia disminuir el efecto de isla de calor en la ciudad. Se debe ser más agresivos cambiando asfaltos por espacios verdes.

41,000 acres de parques desérticos 200 millas de senderos 182 parques urbanos 32 centros de recreación comunal 8 campos de golf 29 piscinas municipales

https://www.phoenix.gov/streetssite/Documents/Shade%20Master%20Plan/Tree%20and%20Shade%20Master%20Plan.pdf#s earch=tree%20and%20shade%20master%20plan https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/phoenix/2014/09/19/phoenix-creating-shade-downtown/15885677/

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Copyright © 2018 Noel Francisco Román Díaz All rights reserved. No part of this publication, total or partial may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means - including photocopying, recording, electronic or mechanical methods or other means, - is strictly prohibited without prior written permission.

Noel Roman architecture portfolio  

selected works 2012-2018

Noel Roman architecture portfolio  

selected works 2012-2018

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