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Nº 4 CAR CONCEPT MAGAZINE

AUTOMOTIVE TECHNIQUES - PROTOTYPES - ENGINEERING & DESIGN

SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER 2010

€ 14,95

CAR concept MAGAZINE

ISSN 878-1-1876-0015-4 CCM

01004

SPECIAL BUGATTI PEUGEOT SR1

MASERATI TRAMONTANE

8 781187 600154 

CITROËN SURVOLT

FERRARI APERTA

HISPANO SUIZA

QUANT

RENAULT DEZIR


LAST

MINUTE

LAST

MINUTE

MAZDA SHINARI

CONCEPT

M

azdahaspresentedtheShinariConcept, astudyofadynamicfour-doorsedanwitha coupé-likeprofilethatintroducesthecompany’s nextdesignlanguage,namedKodo-Soul ofMotion.itpreviewssomedesignelements thatwillbeadoptedonfutureproductionmodels.

MazdaShinariConceptdesignTeam ikuoMaeda-PeterBirtwhistle-yasushiNakamuta-derekJenkins

The Mazda Shinari is a 4-door, 4-seat, sports coupe and a pure expression of the new design theme, ‘KODO - Soul of Motion’, in its idealized form. Mazda SHINARI showcases several new design elements that will carry forward into production. The Japanese word shinari describes the powerful yet supple appearance of great resilient force when objects of high tensile strength, such as steel or bamboo, are twisted or bent. It also refers to the appearance of a person or animal as it flexes its body in preparation for a fast movement, and it is these images that form the basis for the name of this concept car. With images of strength flowing across every panel and part, the Mazda SHINARI looks ready to leap at any second. This form incorporates the expression of a strong backbone running through the body, the sudden

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

release of pent-up energy, and the interplay of beautiful, supple movements. The distinctive front fenders represent the further evolution of the prominent fenders introduced on the RX-8. They highlight the dynamic movement expressed in the sides of Shinari, in a style that is both sporty and elegant. Together with the further three-dimensional sculpting of the front grille, the design proudly emphasizes the Mazda lineage. There is a powerful line of movement originating at the grille and continuing through the bonnet, fender, front lamp modules and bumper. Finally, an aluminum floating bar linking the grille with the headlights enhances the three-dimensional expression of speed. In the interior, Mazda Design has created the ‘ultimate athletic space’ focused on linking ergonomics with basic mechanical functions. We have designed the optimum space for both the driver cockpit, to enable the driver to focus on the task of driving, as well as the passenger environment, offering a sense of openness. In this model, Mazda offers new ideas for the human-machine interface in cockpit design, enabling the driver to switch at will between three modes: Business, Pleasure and Sport, to enjoy driving in line with the situation at the time.


Editorial

first encounter with Jean Giret* I

remember... it was 1998. I was on my way to visit Jean Giret near Paris to learn more about the genesis of the Citroën CX in order to finish my book (The CX Catalogue). I was excited. For the first time in history someone was taking the courage to write the complete story of a particular automobile, and that someone was me! The CX was produced from 1974 to 1991, quite a long time for an automobile. It was not usual in this era to keep a model for such a long period, but it gave Citroën the opportunity to make hundreds of variations on the CX. To be honest I loved the DS more deeply than the CX. For me, the DS was the quintessence of Avant Garde, outstanding in design and technology, and its term was even longer, 1955 to 1975. Even now I think about it: How that was possible in 1955? A true creative stroke in automotive design.

I was not impressed when I saw the CX for the first time at my mother’s house in Normandy in 1974. I was comparing with the DS, which was absurd. The CX was a totally different concept. But I was only 24 years old, and the young are given to comparing apples and oranges. Basically, for their times, the DS was revolutionary, the CX was evolutionary. Eventually, two lines creating an angle on the flank of the CX caught my attention: as the first line from the rear died on the front door, a second took over in direction the headlamp. Beautiful! This was it: the spirit

“Not a single angle,” he told me, “not a single line is free. Every line and shape is the result of a natural separation in the volume, like a sculpture” of the CX. The CX has a refined aesthetic look on the road and this side treatment accentuated its elegance. Only two lines changed my perception of car design forever. These two lines! Escher

could have invented them had he been a car designer. However, they sprang completely from the creative genius of Jean Giret. This is what I learned at his home in the Paris “banlieu”. It was hearing Steve Jobs telling me: “I am the one who create the Macintosh, I am the one who changed the face of the world forever.” These days car designers develop their concepts with sophisticated computer software. Giret belonged to period of greater intimacy with his materials: wood and plaster, the trowel and the plane were the instruments to bring forth what the designer had in mind. The designer, or stylist in French, was also a sculptor, and Jean Giret was the sculptor of the CX. “Not a single angle,” he told me, “not a single line is free. Every line and shape is the result of a natural separation in the volume, like a sculpture”. The two lines, then, are the result of a natural separation. This issue of CarConcept Magazine will introduce you to a number of striking new car concepts like the Bugatti Galibier, the Peugeot SR1, the Renault DeZir, the Quant and an interview of Czech design student Ondrej Jirec (sounds like Giret). Noël van Wilgenburg Editor

* Jean Giret, born in 1928, died a few years ago.

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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HERBERT NITSCH. AIRLINE PILOT. DEEPSEA DIVER. EXTREME RECORD BREAKER.

W W W.BREITLING .COM 4

Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


He is said to rarely have his feet on the ground. At the controls of his airliner, he spends most of his time above 30,000 feet. And when he’s not flying, he’s venturing far beneath the water: Herbert Nitsch is the only freediver to have reached the fabulous depth of 700 feet. Whether he’s deep beneath the sea or high up in the air, firmly strapped to his wrist is the new Superocean, an extreme watch cut out for great accomplishments. A peerless athlete with a mind of steel, Nitsch will doubtless soon become the first breath-hold freediver to break the legendary 1,000-foot barrier. He has found the ideal companion for this ultimate challenge in the Breitling Superocean – a rugged, high-

*Indicative price

performance watch water-resistant to 5,000 feet.

BREITLING SUPEROCEAN

€2.530,– *

Water-resistant to 5,000 ft (1,500 m), decompression valve. Unidirectional rotating bezel. Officially chronometer-certified selfwinding movement.

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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contents 10

Peugeot SR1 Sportscar Concept

Peugeot presents its latest concept: the SR1 sportscar, which makes its debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show and preview the design trends of the Marque’s future products.

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Maserati Tramontane Concept

The author is Czech design student Ondrej Jirec. The Maserati Tramontane Concept is a luxurious lightweight electric supercar with a futuristic design characterized by flowing elements that form four different layers and interconnect the exterior and the interior.

28 Citroën Survolt Concept At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show Citroën has presented the Survolt Concept, a compact 2-seater coupé with an electric powertrain and an original design language that combines inspirations from the motor-racing and the high-fashion worlds.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


34 Renault DeZir: New Future Vision DeZir’s sensuous lines and bright red finish express passion. Powered by an electric motor, DeZir is proof that environmental concern and a love for cars are by no means incompatible.

40 Bugatti 16C Galibier Concept What was revealed as the climax of the centenary celebration ceremonies last September at Bugatti’s headquarters in Molsheim to a small group of customers and opinion leaders will now be shown exclusively to a wider media audience at the Volkswagen Group Evening in Geneva: the Bugatti 16C Galibier concept – planned to be the most exclusive, elegant, and powerful four-door automobile in the world.

46 Bugatti Veyron: a Summary The Bugatti Veyron 16.4, first launched in the middle of the last decade, has a top speed of 253mph (407 km/h) reaching 0-62mph (0-100km/h) in 2.5 seconds. With a price of E1.2 million (excluding tax) only 300 units will be made. Available from July 2009, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport has a top speed of 253mph (407 km/h) reaching 0-62mph (0-100km/h) in 2.7 seconds with a price tag of E1.4 million (excluding tax).

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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contents 52 A Bugatti Introduction In 1967, Ken Purdy wrote: Of the 5,000-odd makes of automobile that have come and gone, the Bugatti seems to me the most interesting. That is not to say that it was the best automobile ever built. The Type 68 Hispano-Suiza was a better car than the comparable Type 50 Bugatti; the two-cylinder Lanchester was mechanically more interesting than any Bugatti; the Monza Alfa Romeo was probably a better motorcar than the contemporary Type 55 Bugatti.

57 Chronology of Bugatti Ettore was born into a family of artists on 15 September in Milan. His father, Carlo Bugatti, was a renowned cabinetmaker, with his Arabian-influenced furniture selling well beyond the Italian borders. The full chronology, date by date of this heroic marque.

60 Hispano Suiza: Dazzling Comeback An other heroic and esteemed automotive brand is experiencing a stunning revival at the Geneva International MotorShow: Hispano Suiza. A SwissSpanish company is presenting a new super-premium sports car under this marque.

66 One of a kind Ferrari P540 Aperta Ferrari has unveiled the P540 Superfast Aperta, a one-off commissioned by Edward Walson and created by the Special Projects program. The car is based on the 599 GTB Fiorano and takes inspiration from a Fantuzzibodied model created for a 1968 Fellini film.

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Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


73 The Koenigsegg Quant Concept At the 2009 Geneva Motor Show Koenigsegg has presented the full-scale model of its Quant Concept, a full electric four-door coupé developed in partnership with NLV Solar, which provided the innovative thin-flm photovoltaic coating that covers the body. The goal is to reach a limited series production. The Quant is a battery-powered electric vehicle that can be re-charged to full capacity in just 20 minutes, thanks to the FAES (Flow Accumulator Energy Storage) system, with a range of 500 kilometres.

4 new

Bertone Pandion n Sbarro Autobau n Citroën DS4 n Subaru Tourer n Tesla EYE n Idea Sophia

concept news

After a two year absence from the international scene, Bertone returns to the Geneva Motor Show, unveiling a concept car that makes its world premiere here: the Pandion, an aggressive yet beautiful coupé designed as a tribute to Alfa Romeos’ one hundred year anniversary. The Pandion: an extreme and controversial sports car in typical Bertone fashion. The size of the concept car (4620 mm in length, 1971 mm wide, 1230 mm high, 2850 mm wheelbase) offers a compact sports car external dimensions with a large sports car interior feeling, all powered by a 4.7 litre, 450 CV 8-cylinder Alfa Romeo engine.

Photos: Pascal Van Mele

Photo: Thomas

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Presentation of the Pandion at the Geneva Motor show 2010 by Lilli Bertone, Mike Robinson and Marco Filippa,

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

DS4 is the second model in Citroën’s distinctively-styled DS line. Citroën has released first details for the DS4.

Concept

The Subaru Hybrid Tourer Concept presents a breakthrough model created through the innovative evolution of “Grand Touring”. Subaru has condensed its DNA, developed over many years, around Subaru’s core technology of Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive (AWD) and Horizontally-Opposed engine, into the integration of a luxurious and high-quality cabin atmosphere and a sculpted form that cuts through the air. In addition to further evolutions in Subaru’s traditional handling agility, riding comfort and superior safety performance recognized around the world, the model proposes a future grand touring car that excels in environmental friendliness featuring Subaru’s unique hybrid system.

D

S4 brings an alluring mixture of premium design codes and a bold approach to automotive styling, with an emphasis on driving pleasure and advanced vehicle architecture. DS4 is a model with a multitude of talents, effortlessly responding to a broad range of owner needs, while enhancing the appeal and vitality of the motoring experience.

The cockpit is dominated by the large panoramic windscreen that extends backwards into the roofline. Offering up to 45° of upward vision, the panoramic glazed area provides optimised visibility, with a bright and airy cabin environment for passengers.

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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Photo: Thomas The brief of the project was to develop the identity promoted by Tesla in order to reach a new objective: an everyday 2 + 2 sports car conceived to become a status-symbol, a car with engaging features and sports car performance targeted to young, cosmopolitan customers. EYE is the result of the work of eleven Master Course students, coordinated by Luca Borgogno, senior designer with Pininfarina and by Andrea Militello, Senior FIAT designer. The project was supervised by Franz von Holzhausen, Tesla Motors’ Chief Designer. Technical partners includeEYE Pirelli and OZ Racing. The EYE Concept was unveiled as a full scale model at the 80th International Geneva Motor Show last March.

Photo: Thomas

THE CITROËN DS4 PRODUCTION READY

SBARRO AUTOBAU CONCEPT CAR esigned by Franco Sbarro, this 1970’s-esque rocket is called the Autobau concept at the Geneva Motor Show and it is built to honor Swiss racer Fredy Lienhard. Looking at it, it’s no surprise that it seems to be dividing people in regards to its looks. The Sbarro Autobau is sure to tear up the pavement powered by a 500-horsepower 12-cylinder engine from Ferrari. Whether you love it or hate it, the Autobau is the only car of its kind at Geneva. While we mention the three-pointed front end, a la Speed Racer, it has also been compared with the Cylon Raider from Battlestar Galactica and the Pink Panther-mobile.

T

he EYE concept presented at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show by Turin-based IED. A futuristic concept car designed by the students of the Master of Arts in Transportation Design - work experience 2008/2009, in collaboration with Tesla Motors.

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

The name comes from the animal world, as Pandion Haliaetus is the scientific name for an Osprey: a sea hawk that nests and lives in coastal areas. The designers, led by Mike Robinson, have drawn inspiration from the wings of this predator to invent the spectacular door opening mechanisms, and from the hawks’ facial markings to project the traditional Alfa family feeling into the next era of design.

D

FUTURISTIC TESLA EYE CONCEPT

SUBARU HYBRID TOURER CONCEPT

Presentation of the Pandion at the Geneva Motor show 2010

The Pandion is the first car produced by Mike Robinson in his new role as Design and Brand Director at Bertone. A pure ‘dream car’, the Pandion takes its rightful place as a member of Bertone’s historic Alfa Romeo family: cars that have always been style icons, influencing the history of the automobile and Italian craftsmanship in their excellent design quality, proving themselves to be undisputed benchmarks for the entire world of car design.

SOFIA: THE ALL NEW SEDAN FROM I.DE.A. INSTITUTE

Photos: Pascal Van Mele

PANDION

concept news A DREAM ALFA ROMEO BY BERTONE

I.DE.A Institute launched the SOFIA sedan at the Geneva International Motor Show 2010 last March. Following last year’s success, I.DE.A Institute returns to Geneva for the 80th International Motor Show to present a 4-seater sedan designed to be powered by a hybrid engine. This concept car is symbolic of I.DE.A Institute’s continued drive to renew the company, which began in 2007. The styling by the new Design Center and the workmanship of the model makers and show car builders have together created this new “all-Italian” model, aptly named “SOFIA”. The sedan’s lines and shape reflect how the car is related to its forerunner, ERA, presented in Geneva last year. SOFIA is also inspired by the female form: its flanks, glance and elegance are emphasised by a glamorous red dress. SOFIA is a concentration of sportiness and elegance. The curves are graceful, the lines

Design and packaging (1) Exterior The most striking feature is its unique gull-wing doors that emphasize its spacious interior. Subaru imagined wings with a feeling of freedom and confidence for driving far and wide in any environment. A luxurious and comfortable cabin, and advanced driving performance are contained within a sculpted aerodynamic form. The design features a combination of bright, open glass areas with a solid, reliable body. (2) Interior The original point of interior design for the ideal grand touring car is four independent and comfortably positioned seats. Passengers are enclosed within an atmosphere that provides a surpassing feeling of openness and stress-free reassurance, through the further pursuit of a human-centered philosophy, the essence of Subaru car design, and the incorporation of functions that are friendly to passengers. The top of the dashboard is movable up and down to provide an optimal driving environment for the driver according to driving conditions. A flat floor in the rear seat was achieved even with the implementation of AWD, for improved use of and movement within the cabin. Specialized shielding is incorporated in the windshield to reduce eyestrain on the driver.

smooth and supple, the shape and profile are as enchanting and alluring as a female figure. The front and rear light clusters convey a captivating and inviting look. Sculpted lines emphasise the front and rear wings with the bird’s eye view showing off the car’s hourglass figure. This latest concept car is Italian to the core: its shape, its look, its elegance and name are instantly recognised as being synonymous with Italian styling and beauty. The mechanical layout is designed for an 8-cylinder

engine with front or rear-wheel drive. A hybrid configuration with an endothermic engine combined with an electrical alternator/actuator is also possible.

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

pages s concept

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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cArconcePt MAGAZine nr 4: CarConceptMagazine is a new magazine on the horizon. A Dutch publication written in English. Published as a quarterly and later on 6 times a year. CarConceptMagazine (has a unique formula: it) is designed to share the ideas, the curiosity and passion of car lovers, of car makers and OEM* parts manufacturers, by writing about concept cars, future trends, exceptional automobiles, and (brand) new automotive technologies. It will provide a forum for the exchange of ideas between car lovers and professionals, between those who build the cars and those who drive them. It will also take you back to technical solutions of the past, the legendary cars and car designers of yesterday, with an eye to their influence on the future. Noël van Wilgenburg Editor

Nº 4 Car CoNCept MagaziNe

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autoMotive teChNiques - prototypes - eNgiNeeriNg & desigN

n

septeMBer - oCtoBer 2010

€ 14,95

CaR concept Magazine

ISSN 878-1-1876-0015-4 CCM

01004

speCial Bugatti peugeot sr1

n

Maserati traMoNtaNe

8 781187 600154 n

CitroËN survolt

n

Ferrari aperta

n

hispaNo suiza

n

quaNt

n

reNault dezir

www.carconceptmagazine.com

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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study case

STUDY OF A SPORTSCAR wITH CLASSIC PROPORTIONS

peuGeot Sr1 coNcept car through the Peugeot sr1, the Marque reveals the stylistic design trends for its future models. the concept car embodies the new world of Peugeot, reflected by the new Lion badge which adorns its body. Dynamic, balanced, sensual, with an exclusive hightech interior, this “dream car” explores and reinterprets the theme of the “Grand touring car”. the use of hYbrid4 technology allows the Peugeot sr1 to offer an engineering specification in keeping with its styling: 230 kw (313 bhp) with emissions of only 119 g/km of co2 (0 in electric mode), 4-wheel drive and steering... for an ideal blend of excitement and efficiency.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


textPeugeotn PhotographyPeugeot/PascalVanMele

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aesthetic traits of “ The this concept show the

general design trends of the Marque’s future products, renewing Peugeot’s strong stylistic identity

STYLING THAT PREDICTS THE FUTURE

P

eugeot presents its latest concept: the SR1 sportscar, which makes its debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show and preview the design trends of the Marque’s future products.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

Elegance, purity, dynamism, allure, controlled power… these ideas find their fullest expression with the Peugeot SR1, the dream car par excellence. More than ever, the aesthetic traits of this concept show the general design trends of the Marque’s future products, renewing Peugeot’s strong stylistic identity. In short, this concept car creates a new design language.The Peugeot SR1 is a vehicle with timeless, ideal proportions, revisiting the great traditions of grand touring cars of the past: a large bonnet, flowing wings and a very low centre of gravity. The design of the body gives the car a new balance: a sculpted bonnet, sweeping sides and a chiselled rear design. At the side the styling lines merge into the side windows and the front windscreen, emphasising the design of the bonnet. This overall effect blends easily with the design detailing: the design of the lights and the air intakes, the shape of the door mirrors… these elements merge seamlessly with the vehicle’s carbon “skin”. In parallel, some features


(“full LED” internal headlamp functions, radiator grille contour) stand out, as if suspended. The hard top echoes the feel of this intense, high-tech assembly: It uses preformed profile technology derived from the world of sailing. It blends with the body, creating the illusion of a Coupé. The Peugeot SR1, however, radiates the same visual strength, with or without the hard top. Finally, the Peugeot SR1 displays the new Peugeot Lion badge. Redesigned, finely worked and

sculpted, it mirrors perfectly the perception of the vehicle as a whole. Overall the Peugeot SR1 concept car gives the impression it has been carved from a solid block of material, monolithic, protective, sculptural and dynamic. At every moment it makes a great play on contrasts: purity and technological sophistication, authenticity and advanced technologies, expressiveness and understatement.

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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A MODERN AND EXCLUSIVE “2+1” INTERIOR

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he interior, too, promotes the idea of contrast. While the driver’s seat and all controls are dedicated to out-and-out enjoyment for the driver, the passenger compartment is designed to provide optimum versatility and new sensations for all its occupants. There is room in the vehicle for three people as the third rear seat nestles in the middle, behind the two front seats. Entry to this seat is facilitated by the centre console, which can slide forward to improve access.

The construction of the fascia panel, optimised to perfection, gives a visual prominence to certain mechanical components such as the steering column and a number of peripheral controls. Similarly, the instrumentation combines analogue and digital read-outs, giving clear emphasis to every item of information conveyed to the driver. This is the case for instantaneous fuel consumption and vehicle range, displayed on two glass crystal gauges directly in front of the driver.

The interior ambience blends colours and materials, with strong references to “a past motoring era” combined with “the latest advanced technology”. Inside the vehicle, patinated leather and different grained wood are examples of the use of authentic and natural materials, warm, sensual and charged with history, that blend seamlessly with, “high-tech” materials such as nickel and satin-finished chrome.

Another innovation is the creation of an exclusive watch fully integrated in the fascia panel with its strap, designed in partnership with Bell & Ross. Easy to remove, the dashboard clock can therefore be transformed in the twinkling of an eye back into a wristwatch. To do this, the Franco-Swiss watch manufacturer renowned for its models for extreme sports users,

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


has designed a watch in complete harmony with the spirit of the Peugeot SR1. The watch case is cut from a block of steel and incorporates the bezel complete with 3D dial, a feat of engineering made possible thanks to new machining technologies. With its exquisite finish, its monochrome appearance and its patinated leather strap matching the seats of the car, the watch offers the perfect blend of elegance, functionality and high-tech performance. Every component and every detail has, therefore, benefited from meticulous attention, both in terms of design and manufacture, to guarantee perfection and an unrivalled refinement of perceived quality.

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TECHNOLOGIES AT THE SERVICE OF MOVEMENT

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he Peugeot SR1 concept also blends styles in terms of its technical characteristics. For example, it incorporates HYbrid4 technology, which will be launched in the Peugeot 3008 in 2011. In the Peugeot SR1, at the front, a 1.6 litre THP petrol engine with a power of 160 kW (218 bhp), is combined with a rear electric motor developing 70 kW (95 bhp). In electric only mode, the car becomes a ZEV (Zero Emission Vehicle), while its combined cycle fuel consumption is only 4.9 litres/100 km or 119 g/km of CO2.

When the two power trains operate simultaneously, the Peugeot SR1 develops a potential maximum power of 230 kW (313 bhp) and also benefi ts from 4-wheel drive. Using HYbrid4 technology, which will eventually become available on different models in the Peugeot

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Car Concept nÂş 4 Sept - October 2010

range, the SR1 concept offers convincing proof that driving pleasure can be combined with environmental friendliness. The vehicle’s dynamic efficiency is further enhanced by the use of a rigid, lightweight structure comprising of a one-piece body and a tubular chassis onto which are mounted the mechanical components and suspension. Exploiting the best of existing technology to offer road holding worthy of this exceptional concept, the suspension consists of double wishbones with drop links both at the front and the rear. For even greater driving precision, the Peugeot SR1 benefits from the adoption of 4-wheel steering. The turning angle of the rear wheels is controlled as a function of the vehicle speed, via motorised links on the rear wishbones, giving the vehicle superb agility under all circumstances.


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technique Technical Specifications Concept Car Peugeot SR1 Engines

1.6 litre THP (front)

Electric (rear)

Cubic Capacity

1598 cm3

Maximum power

160 kW (218 bhp)

Maximum torque

280 Nm ; 300 Nm with overboost

Type

Synchronous with permanent magnets

Continuous power/Maximum (peak)

40 kW (54 bhp)/70 kW (95 bhp)

Continuous torque/Maximum torque (peak) 102 Nm/178 Nm THP + Electric

Tyres Transmission Performance (driver only)

Fuel Consumption

Acceleration

Brand/Type

Michelin

Dimensions

255 40 R20

0 to 1000 m

23,2 s

0 to 100 kph / 0 to 62 mph

4,7 s

In-gear acceleration

80 to 120 kph in auto position

3,0 s

Maximum speed

250 kph

155 MPH

Fuel tank

50 litres

Combined

Dimensions (mm)

With full tank

Cx/SCx

18

230 kW (313 bhp)

Electronically-controlled 6-speed manual gearbox

Zero Emission Vehicle

Kerb weight

Maximum power

Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010

4.9 litres per 100 km

57.6 MPG

CO2

119 g/km

Fuel consumption

0 litres/100 km

CO2

0 g/km

Maximum range at stable speed

12.5 km

Overall length

4423

Overall body width

1917

Kerb height - with full tanks

1246

Wheelbase

2595

Front/rear overhang

872/956

Front/rear track

1648/1648

1525 kg 0,27/0,55


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Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


Layered Electric Concept Car

Maserati Tramontane The author is Czech design student Ondrej Jirec. The Maserati Tramontane Concept is a luxurious lightweight electric supercar with a futuristic design characterized by flowing elements that form four different layers and interconnect the exterior and the interior. Source: Text and Drawings Ondrej Jirec

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he Maserati Tramontane is a concept vehicle designed by Ondrej Jirec. Jirec’s previous work includes the Audi O concept from 2008. The Tramontane concept was developed by Jirec as part of his studies at the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena. The Tramontane was not conceived as a competition car, but instead an electric powered cruiser suited for scenic, winding roads. In Jirec’s own words the Maserati Tramontane is “a lightweight electric luxury supercar. Its design philosophy is simplification and emotion. The idea behind this concept is to reduce the number of body parts, lower the overall weight, and simplify the building process by combining exterior and interior elements.” Aside from the slippery, aerodynamic overall shape, the most eye-catching aspect of the concept’s design is the number of components and body panels which flow from the interior to the exterior. These body parts have different functions, color, material and characteristics which are designed to add different dimensions and effect the overall feel of the vehicle.

The third layer of the Tramontane creates the lower sections of the seats and, as it reaches the exterior, also carries the taillights. This particular part possesses very high resistance to impact. In case of side impact the seat and chassis work together to protect the occupants. But in the event of a rear collision, this part contains a crumple zone that will collapse, so the seats remain protected. The fourth layer, placed in the front, serves as a housing for the electric motor and also as a dashboard. This element is attached to the chassis and hides the motor, frame, and all the electronics.

The Tramontane was not conceived as a competition car, but instead an electric powered cruiser suited for scenic, winding roads

The interior design is very clean and simple due to the fact that the Tramontane is an open car. The dashboard is dominated by a large gauge with a digital display. The interior structural pillars behind passenger seats take clues from the Maserati Birdcage and create a link to the Maserati history.

The first layer is the main glass exterior surface that essentially envelops the entire car. It is supported by a black frame which attaches to the chassis.

At 4,250mm (167 inches) in length the Maserati Tramontane is just 50mm (2 inches) shorter than the Lamborghini Gallardo. The 1,170mm (46 inches) height is almost identical to the Gallardo.

The second layer is composed of the headlamps and the dashboard. This single piece carries the LED headlights and flows smoothly back into the interior where it protects the speakers and interior air vents.

The proposed drivetrain for the concept is an allelectric setup. The front wheels are driven by one electric motor, while the rear wheels each get their own motor.

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EXTERiORViEWS

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Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


nFirstlayeroftheconceptisaglasssurfacewithasculpted design,whichenvelopsthecarandissupportedbyablack framemountedonthechassis. nSecondlayerincludestheheadlampsandthedashboard. Twopart,oneoneachside,carrythefrontLEdlightsand smoothlyflowbackintotheinteriorwheretheyprotectthe speakersandairvents. nThirdlayerhasveryhighresistancetoimpactand givesformtothebottompartofseatsandalsocarriesthe taillights. nFourthlayer,placedatthefront,servesasmotor compartmentcoverageandalsoasadashboard.This elementisattachedtothechassisandhidesmotors,frame, andalltheelectronics.

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iNTERiORViEWS Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


nTheinteriordesignisverycleanandsimpleduetothe factthattheTramontaneisanopencar.Thedashboardis dominatedbyalargegaugewithadigitaldisplay. nTheinteriorstructuralpillarsbehindpassengerseatstake cluesfromtheMaseratiBirdcageandcreatealinktothe Maseratihistory. nTheproposeddrivetrainfeaturesafourwheeldrivesystem withthefrontwheelspoweredbyanelectricmotorandthe rearwheelspoweredbytwoin-wheelmotors nThispackageallowsthecartohaveagoodamountof luggagespaceintheback.

Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010

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iNtervieW

oNDreJ Jirec’S DeSiGN philoSophY BesidetheTramontaneandmanyotherconcepts,OndrejJireccreatesthedesignoftheaudiO. ThisaudiOConceptwasadesignstudyforavehiclefocusedonaudiolistening,inspiredbythe designofmodernmusicplayersandbythebrand’sstylingcues. interviewNoëlvanWilgenburg Audi O rendered concept: The design of the front and rear lights represents the shape of sound waves, which “tend to be more curved and linear to express the bouncing of sound between obstacles.”

T

he idea behind Audi O concept was to design “a large music player”, fusing audio equipment with transport. The exterior styling of the Audi O is neat and carries several Audi trademark styling themes. As Ondrej Jirec explains, “Sources of inspiration were the Apple iPod, the Audi Shooting Brake, music and Audi’s name.” The overall impression of Audi O is clear-looking black & white design. The shape of the rear pullout door echoes the characteristic front Audi mask which is sitting between front LED lamps. The rear door is fitted with a DJ set with mixing decks. The decks can be removed and used anywhere outside the car.

The unique audio system has wireless internet connectivity for downloading music onto the built-in 650 GB hard drive.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


TheconceptfortheMaserati Tramontanewasacompositionof interlockinglayerswhereeachhasa specificirreplaceablefunction

Maybeyoucantellushowyoubecameinterestedin thedesignofvehicles? Drawing cars has been my passion since my very early childhood. I was, and still am, a big fan of BMW cars and when I saw the 1989 BMW 8 Series for the first time as a little 5-year old kid I was astonished and wanted to be the one who designs and drives cars like that. I started drawing cars, boats, trucks, and I never stopped.

Ondrej Jirec is working here on his current project at the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California: The concept is the Honda Wave for 2022, so far can it goes. The BMW 8 Series introduced in 1989 of Ondrej’s childhood was a stunning automobile indeed.

Whatareyourhobbies? My hobbies are what I do – design, styling and art. I don’t need anything else as a hobby because I can easily spend 24 hours a day just sketching and drawing out ideas. When I’m really tired after working for two days straight I go to bed and I still cannot fall asleep because I have to keep thinking about that car I was working on and how will I improve it the next morning. areyoualsointerestedinotherthingslikearchitecture givesomeexamples? I am a huge fan of all kinds of design and also fine art. Besides cars, including both interior and exterior design, I particularly like boats and furniture design. I am also a huge fan of advanced transportation design such as the Honda U3-X, Segway or Toyota’s conceptual personal mobility vehicles (Toyota PM, i-unit, i-Foot, i-REAL). This is another field where I would like to contribute with my work in the future.

doyouhaveplanstoworkforcarcompanies,beside Maseratioraudi?CompanieslikeCitroën,Jaguaretc... doyouhavesomeaffinitieswithspecialbrands,andwhy? Every car company has different philosophy and strategies. I have always dreamed of working for studios based in Italy such as Bertone, Pininfarina, Zagato, and Italdesign Giugiaro. However, when I go back to reality, at this moment I am still a student and I don’t have any particular company that I strictly focus on and want to work for. Being a car designer is a dream, very exclusive and hard-to-get job, so right now in this world economical situation I would say I would be very happy to contribute to any company that would pay me for what I love to do – transportation design. I still have a long way to go before I’m done with school. I will be looking for internships very soon so I never know what opportunity I will have. TellusmoreabouttheTramontaneconcept? My recent car proposal for Maserati was designed during my studies at the Art Center College of Design last fall 2009. Besides transportation design classes, I was taking a human anatomy class for illustration major where we were learning about muscles and skeleton. The function and spacing of muscles and also the economy of a human body – meaning everything has a purpose and is perfectly simplified and still works excellently, inspired me to create a car that would work like that. So the concept for the Maserati Tramontane was a composition of interlocking layers where each has a specific irreplaceable function.

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A

t the 2010 Geneva Motor Show Citroën has presented the Survolt Concept, a compact 2-seater coupé with an electric powertrain and an original design language that combines inspirations from the motor-racing and the highfashion worlds.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


inspirared from the motor-racing

The Citroen Survolt Concept Text Citroën n Photography Citroën/Pascal Van Mele

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S

urvolt is the continuation of CITROËN’S exploration of distinctive and original electric vehicles, initiated with the Revolte concept car revealed at last year’s Frankfurt Motor Show. Survolt turns received notions on their heads through its radically new vision in a consummate blend of high-fashion glamour and extravagance with motor-racing punch. The desire to overcome one’s limits, take things further, dare and create is written in CITROËN’S DNA. Breaking with convention, shaking up the rules, shifting borders and surprising continuously is the passionate quest and leitmotiv of a brand that over its 90-year history has never ceased to develop innovative objects ahead of their time. Survolt is one of these. Ita takes the genetic material of Revolte and adds an extroverted sports dimension to the mix. Like a luxury accessory that transcends an outfit, Survolt is CITROËN’S answer to an automotive universe that all too often seems morose. Survolt casts aside protocol and transgresses existing codes to initiate a new kind of stylish, sporty and elegant supermini. Bucking current trends and pointing to the future of sleek coupés, it unites elegance, glamour and sporting passion, sublimating this last quality with its electric drivetrain.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

Innovative and sensual With its compact dimensions – 3.85 m long, 1.87 m wide and 1.20 m high – Survolt reappropriates sports car styling cues to form an all-new and revolutionary concept. At the front, the distinctive vehicle badge reigns elegantly above the large oval-shaped grille, its centre home to the striking double chevron. The car’s “look” – charming and profound at the same time – attracts and holds the viewer’s gaze with a promise of transgressions suddenly made possible. Its slim, horizontal head lamps, inspired by high-performance sports coupés, exert a magnetic appeal, while an LED light signature adds a contemporary, high-tech touch. Survolt was made to gobble up the miles and glide over roads. Low-slung and sleek, it features strong contrasts between the voluptuous bonnet and generous, sculpted flanks, highlighted by emphatic wheel arches that promise performance and thrills. Survolt’s air-slicing, flowing design is heavy on excitement and sensuality. It conveys agility, precision and vitality, barely containing a powerful, well-defined musculature under refined and luxurious wraps. The rear features the elegant light signature of Revolte together with a spoiler

in an essential reference to motor sport. Survolt is innovative and powerful but also knows how to turn on the charm, revealing its finest assets to catwalk in motor sports arenas. It features twotone paint, hues of fuchsia and charcoal grey, and plays with materials and volumes. The curves shift from satin-smooth to shiny, breaking definitively with the classic masculine codes of the sports world. Survolt continues the work begun with Revolte by once again blending two universes with contrasting appearances. Survolt eschews decorum to create its own styling language. The inclusion of materials such as chrome and aluminium inevitably recall the spheres of luxury goods and motor sport. Survolt is a perfect combination between high fashion and car racing, a unique alliance with the same philosophy and the same cues as Revolte, namely performance, cutting-edge technology and excellence.


Elegantly sporty

The car’s generous glazed area brings light and a sensation of space, light years from that offered by today’s sports cars

Survolt’s cockpit is designed like a floating cell, a glass setting held between chromefinished roll bars like some magnificent piece of jewellery. The leitmotiv with Survolt is to transgress the conventions of the luxury world and combine them elegantly with those of the sporting world. The cabin was imagined as a cross between two worlds that by their essence are opposed. This union begets an organic universe, both flowing and technical, from which the driver’s station springs forth. The interior as a whole was designed to bring the two occupants comfort and refinement, triggering singular pleasure and an outstanding experience.

Transcendent power and excitement Ahead of its time, Survolt captivates with its innovative, environment-friendly technology. Like Revolte, Survolt is powered by electricity, thus combining sports performance with environmental respect and sustainable development. Still particularly rare in the racing world, this technological solution also embodies a previously unthinkable alliance. But CITROËN dares and creates, transgressing conventions to better sublimate them. With irreproachable ecological credentials, the drivetrain blends driving pleasure, thrills, performance and vitality, and all in extreme comfort, since the car is silent in operation.

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Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


CITROËN is proposing a new automotive vision with Survolt, in a move that is entirely consistent with its 90-year history as an innovative brand focused on creativity and technology

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study case

DeZir, Objet de désir

Text Renault

n

Photography Renault

FROM DEZIR TO REALITY Renault has provided a preview glimpse of its new concept car, DeZir, ahead of this year’s Paris Motor Show. DeZir stands out as an illustration of the brand’s commitment to more emotional styling. DeZir’s sensuous lines and bright red finish express passion. Powered by an electric motor, DeZir is proof that environmental concern and a love for cars are by no means incompatible. The DeZir project is the first to have been led by Laurens van den Acker and marks the start of a sequence of concept cars that will provide an insight into Renault Design’s new vision for the future. It also lays the foundations for the styling cues of Renault’s forthcoming vehicles. The public will get its first opportunity to see DeZir at the 2010 Paris Motor Show.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

THE FIRST EVIDENCE OF RENAULT DESIGN’S NEW VISION FOR THE FUTURE Under the leadership of Laurens van den Acker, Renault’s Design Department has taken its inspiration from the brand’s new signature ‘Drive the Change!’ and explores Renault’s styling roots to express the company’s powerful human dimension via a new strategy founded on the notion of the ‘life cycle’. This vision also builds on the bonds that are gradually forged between the brand and its customers at watershed moments of their lives, such as when they fall in love, start to explore the world, found a family, begin to work, take time to play and attain wisdom. This approach coincides with the introduction of a new Renault design language that takes its inspiration from the three keywords which communicate the


brand’s vision, namely ‘simple’, ‘sensuous’ and ‘warm’. In keeping with this strategy, Renault’s concept cars will progressively express this vision, paving the way for a product plan based on a coherent and clear offer. To implement this, Renault Design has revised its methodology, and a single team of designers will now be responsible for each new concept car and for the ensuing production model it previews. falliNG iN love DeZir is the first project to be led by Laurens van den Acker and exemplifies the brand’s newphilosophy with regard to design. It also marks the implementation of the strategy based on the notion of ‘life cycle’. The first step involves falling in love, an experience that is perfectly illustrated by DeZir’s powerful, sensuous styling and bright red finish; red being the colour associated with passion. “DeZir is a statement of our new formal design language which conveys notions such as movement, sensuality and emotion through ideal proportions, in much the same way as an object whose forms have been honed by nature. The result is a warm, stimulating design that says ‘Renault’,” explains Axel Breun, Renault’s Director of Concept Car and Show Car Design. Fluidity was an overriding theme from the initial preliminary sketches, and was expressed by a blend of simple forms and generous volumes.

“My early source of inspiration stemmed from the liquid sensation, wave-like movement and contrasts in light associated with certain rippled surfaces,” observes Yann Jarsalle, who was in charge of DeZir’s exterior styling. “By directly laying out volumes and not just joining together a number of surfaces by lines, I felt more in tune with the world of sculpture than with that of architecture.” The result is a two-seater coupé which is both sculptural in spirit yet perfectly harmonious. DeZir’s shape features prominent wheel arches that accommodate 21-inch wheels, the design of which took its inspiration from the notion of movement. Meanwhile, the sides feature a combination of flush and recessed forms that play on contrasting light patterns.

LaURENS VaNdENaCKER wAs APPointeD Vice PresiDent of renAuLt corPorAte DesiGn in sePteMBer 2009 Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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The geometric forms of the glazed areas also contribute to DeZir’s easy-to-read overall design and are reminiscent of a fighter-plane cockpit or certain endurance racing prototypes. The absence of a rear window is overcome by the fitment of two rear-facing cameras which provide the driver with a panoramic view of what is happening behind the car. The creative thinking behind the design of the front end was aimed at recalling Renault’s styling heritage, while at the same time paving the way for the design trends of the brand’s forthcoming models. DeZir’s front end features a full-width air-intake which strikes out either side of a large, verticallypositioned Renault logo that proudly displays the car’s brand pedigree. Meanwhile, the chrome finish of the lozenge contrasts with the dark aspect of the grille to express the statement still further. The air scoops situated at the outer extremities of the front air intake are a legacy of Renault’s formal styling language and form an integral part of the air intake’s design, as do the headlights which sit above these scoops.

Behind the beauty, an electric car The ‘Z’ in the name DeZir is a direct reference to Renault’s Z.E. signature, and several features of its design are suggestive of two qualities readily associated with electric mobility, namely advanced technology and light weight. Indeed, the recessed, linear styling of the front air intake and the entire rearend convey an impression of lightness in addition to efficiently channelling battery-cooling air from the front to the rear. To provide rhythm and balance to the overall package, this smooth, fluid skin contrasts with the ripple effect seen on the aluminium side panels, roof and headlight ‘eyelids’. The design of these features alludes to the ripples which can form when a breeze blows over water, while the geometric pattern adds an unmistakable high-tech feel. The prevailing bright red colour of the body interacts with the graphical forms of the cross-drilled aluminium side panels which equally exude a sense of light weight and technology.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

The front-end design previews the new front-end identity that is poised to become a feature of all Renault models in the future. The headlights take the form of backlit prisms, which make them a highly graphic feature. The perforated ‘eyelids’ add to this high-tech feel and contribute to DeZir’s specific lighting signature. Rear lighting is provided by an illuminated, seemingly floating strip that extends across the full width of the car. The Renault logo is highlighted by backlighting through the fins of the grille and consequently appears to hover in the middle of this space. The gull-wing doors are another feature that embody automotive passion and reveal a refined interior, while the fact that the left- and right-hand doors open in opposite directions symbolizes a yin and yang-style amorous harmony. The interior design also suggests lightness. “Love is a sentiment that lifts you; gives you wings,” says Stéphane Maïore, who was in charge of DeZir’s interior styling. “Inside DeZir, you feel like you’re floating on a cloud,” adds Stéphanie Petit, Colours and Materials Designer. The forms are soft and light, while the predominant colour is white, although there are also echoes of the


same passion red used for the exterior. The materials employed for the interior, like the senses they awaken, are precious, with white leather upholstery and trimming for the seats, dashboard and floor, along with a red lacquered finish for the console and accessories. The one-piece, two-seater front benchseat provides cocoon-like comfort. To emphasise the sensation of a shared passion and lightness, it comprises a number of interlocking elements trimmed in white 4 leather, with a quilted pattern on the passenger’s side, and a contrasting uniform finish on the driver’s side, as if to suggest an inexorable attraction between the two. The embroidered pattern on the leather is based on a graphical representation of the Renault logo and is an example of refined of couture a la française. This technique also provides an indication of the coming trend for future production models. The interior styling takes its inspiration from the idea of an amorous encounter and is based on a coming together of opposites: n The cockpit-style driver’s environment contrasts with the ethereal lightness of the dashboard and the feel of the white leather bench seat, n The driver’s door features a bright red lacquered finish, while the panel of the passenger-side door is trimmed in white leather, n The dashboard, too, features contrasting finishes, with one part trimmed in white leather and another which exudes a more high-tech feel, with a grained effect that recalls the finish of certain exterior components, n The white benchseat seems to float on a redhued bed of light which, once again, symbolises passion. This lighting gently pulses to a rhythm that suggests a beating heart. But couples also seek to protect one another, and the forms of the interior are suggestive of this notion of protection: n The centre console seems to present the transmission-mode selection lever to the driver, ensuring that it is within easy reach, n The housing of the transmission-mode selection lever reveals luminous petals which indicate the selected mode, n The steering column is shrouded in a red housing that extends up to the steering wheel hub itself.

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AN ELECTRIC BEAUTY DeZir is powered by an electric motor mounted in a mid-rear position to optimize weight distribution over the front and rear wheels. The vertically-mounted 24kW/h lithium-ion battery is located behind the benchseat and provides the car with a range of 160km. Battery cooling is ensured not only by the air channelled from the front to the back of the car, but also – and above all – by the flow of air that enters through the lateral scoops concealed behind the aluminium panels on either side of the body. The basic motor is the same as the unit used for Renault’s production electric cars, although an evolution has enabled its power and torque to be uprated to 110kW (150ch) and 226Nm respectively.

Three battery-charging methods can be employed: n A standard charge using a conventional household plug (fully charges the battery in eight hours). n A fast charge using a 400V threephase current (charges the battery to 80 per cent of itscapacity in 20 minutes). n A fast battery exchange thanks to Renault’s Quick Drop technology. In order to optimise range and dynamic performance, Renault Design’s technical teams have kept DeZir’s weight to a minimum: its body is made from Kevlar, while its tubular steel frame is similar to that employed for Mégane Trophy race car. DeZir’s suspension also shares certain features with that of Mégane Trophy – including a double wishbone arrangement

– to deliver a particularly high standard of handling precision. DeZir’s aerodynamics have been carefully honed, too, thanks to full underbody fairing and a rear diffuser. The result of this work is a drag coefficient (Cd) of 0.25, as well as outstanding acceleration, with DeZir capable of accelerating from rest to 100kph in five seconds, and from standstill to 50kph in just two seconds. DeZir’s energy efficiency package also includes the recovery of deceleration energy. The technology it employs is based on the same principles as the KERS (Kinetic Energy Recovery System) seen in Formula 1. When the car decelerates, kinetic energy is recovered and stored in the battery. In the case of DeZir, this energy can then be employed by the driver to provide a temporary power boost at the moment he or she chooses, using a button located on the steering wheel. Driving pleasure is further enhanced by the design of the driver interface. The dashboard visually mirrors the sensations felt at the wheel by means of a graphic display of data received from the accelerometer and speed sensors. The central touchscreen display incorporates a smart navigation system that synchronises journey information with the driver’s diary in order to optimise task management and itineraries. Software incorporated in the dashboard provides drivers with a real-time indication of their energy management ability via a fun interface that uses video-game style graphics. A DeZir for music Within the framework of the creation of an audio signature for the brand’s upcoming electric vehicles, Renault has been working closely with the highly-regarded IRCAM (Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, founded by Pierre Boulez in 1969) to define the sound that best reflects DeZir’s personality.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


Dimensions Length

4,225mm

Width

1,968mm

Height

1,163mm

Height (with doors open)

2,256mm

Width (with doors open)

2,682mm

Ground clearance

110mm

Wheelbase

2,582mm

Front track

1,600mm

Rear track

1,705mm

Technical data Motor

Electric synchronous motor with rotor coil

Power

110kW / 150hp

Maximum torque

226Nm

Top speed

180kph

Acceleration

5 seconds (from 0 to 100kph)

Acceleration

2 seconds (from 0 to 50kph)

Battery

Lithium-ion (24kW/h)

Range

160km

Transmission

Rear-wheel drive Direct, drive, with reducer & forward/reverse inverter

Drive

Electric with active differential

Chassis

Tubular steel frame

Wheels and tyres

245/35 R 21

Diameter of ventilated brake discs 356mm (front and rear) Callipers

6 pistons (front and rear)

Cd (drag coefficient)

0.25

Kerb weight

830kg

Partners G Studio

Body

Michelin

Tyres

IRCAM

Acoustics

The central touchscreen display incorporates a smart navigation system that synchronises journey information with the driver’s diary in order to optimise task management and itineraries

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the buGatti 16c Galibier coNcept

W

hatwasrevealedastheclimaxofthecentenarycelebration ceremonieslastSeptemberatBugatti’sheadquartersinMolsheim toasmallgroupofcustomersandopinionleaderswillnowbeshown

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Car Concept nÂş 4 Sept - October 2010


The most powerful four-door automobile in the world Text Bugatti

n

Photography Bugatti

exclusively to a wider media audience at the Volkswagen Group Evening in Geneva: the Bugatti 16C Galibier concept – planned to be the most exclusive, elegant, and powerful four-door automobile in the world.

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The Galibier

Named after one of the most demanding stretches of Alpine roadway along the Tour de France. This legendary name was also used for a version of the Bugatti type 57C built between 1937 and 1940. The new Galibier concept was just unveiled at the Company’s 100 year celebration in Molsheim in France.

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Car Concept nÂş 4 Sept - October 2010


The Galibier is a concept study which the company is considering for the future of the Bugatti marque

Art forme and Technique These are the brand values which guided Ettore Bugatti and his son Jean in their quest to develop even more powerful engines and even more striking body designs for all their new models, which were without equal in quality, handling, speed and elegance. In the process, they experimented again and again without compromise with new materials; thus Bugatti was the first manufacturer to use aluminium wheels in series-production cars. Art forme and Technique are also the brand values which have guided the design and engineering team of Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. in the development of the Galibier. With this new four-door concept car, Bugatti assumes a new a leading role in the use of new material combinations. The concept on show utilises a mix of carbon fibre parts and aluminium, painted in Atlantic Black. Carbon fibre possesses great rigidity but is also extremely light. The Galibier’s design masters the chal-

lenge of uniting sportiness with the comfort and elegance of a modern four-door saloon. The basic architecture picks up on the torpedo-like character of the Type 35, which was already revived in the Veyron, and reinterprets it. With the typical Bugatti radiator grille, unusual round LED headlights and the characteristic centre spine running the length of the vehicle (a design feature which has been synonymous with the marque since it first appeared under Jean Bugatti in the Type 57S), this car updates the Bugatti DNA for the modern world. Beneath the bonnet, which folds back from both sides, there resides a 16-cylinder, 8-litre engine with two-stage supercharging. What makes this so special is that it was developed as a flex-fuel 2 Bugatti engine, and can optionally be run on ethanol. Four-wheel drive, specially developed ceramic brakes and a new suspension design give the car agile, precise handling despite its saloon dimensions.

The Interior

The interior reflects the elemental design of the exterior. The dash panel has been reduced to the essentials; two centrally located main instruments keep even the rear passengers constantly informed of the actual speed and utilised performance. Parmigiani Fleurier, the Swiss manufacturer of prestige watches, created the Bugatti tourbillon concept for the Galibier: a tourbillion watch integrated in the car’s dashboard that can be removed and transformed – thanks to the cleverly designed supports – into a wristwatch, a pocket watch or a table clock.

The name Galibier “Galibier” is not just the name of one of the most difficult Alpine passes to feature in the Tour de France but, in its time, was also the name of a four-door Type 57 variant unequalled in sportiness and elegance..

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The interior reflects the elemental design of the exterior. The dash panel has been reduced to the essentials; two centrally located main instruments keep even the rear passengers constantly informed of the actual speed and utilised performance.

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...and finally the fastest production car in the world

the buGatti veYroN textBugatti

car of the DecaDe’ aWarD The Bugatti Veyron 16.4 and its ‘brother’, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport, has been announced as Car of the Decade by two of the world’s most respected automotive media. BBC Television’s Top Gear presenters, led by Jeremy Clarkson, announced at the beginning of this year that, “It was a car that rewrote the rule book, an amazing piece of engineering, a genuineConcorde moment… the Top Gear Car of the Decade is the Bugatti Veyron.”

the Bugatti Veyron 16.4, first launched in the middle of the last decade, has a top speed of 253mph (407 km/h) reaching 0-62mph (0-100km/h) in 2.5 seconds. with a price of €1.2 million (excluding tax) only 300 units will be made. Available from July 2009, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand sport has a top speed of 253mph (407 km/h) reaching 0-62mph (0-100km/h) in 2.7 seconds with a price tag of €1.4 million (excluding tax).

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

n

PhotographyBugatti/NoëlvanWilgenburg

The Robb Report, a leading US journal on luxury brands, also confirmed today that the open-top version, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport, had established an entirely new precedent as ‘Car of the Decade’. It earned uniform praise from the judges who praised it for fulfilling Bugatti’s mission“ to celebrate, unapologetically, beauty and power.” Both Top Gear Television and the Robb Report affirmed that the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 and the Grand Sport defied all categorisation, thus deserving their own distinct honour and place in history..


itwasacarthat rewrotetherulebook, anamazingpieceof engineering,agenuine Concordemoment… theTopGearCar ofthedecadeisthe BugattiVeyron

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BUGATTI VEYRON 16.4 - GRAND SPORT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PERFORMANCE

GENERAL Length

4 462 mm

Top speed

407 km/h

Width

1 998 mm

Acceleration

< 2.7sec 0–100 km/h

Height, Normal Position

1 204 mm

Wheel base

2 710 mm

Curb Weight

1 968 kg

Braking distance

31.4 m 100–0 km/h

Max. permitted laden weight

2 280 kg

Gearbox shift time

< 150 ms

Tank capacity

100 l

7.3 sec 0–200 km/h 16.7 sec 0–300 km/h

FUEL CONSUMPTION

DRIVE TRAIN Motor Type/Number of Cylinders

W16

In town

41,9 L/100km 15,6 L/100km 24,9 L/100km

Cylinder Capacity

7 993 cm

Out of town

Power output

736 KW (1 001 hp) at 6 000 rpm

Combined

Max. torque

1 250 Nm from 2 200–5 500 rpm

CO2 -EMISSION (GRAM/KILOMETRE)

Gearbox

7 Gear DSG

In town

999 g/km

Drive

All Wheels

Out of town

373 g/km

Power distribution

Front axle differential with Haldex

Combined

596 g/km

clutch; rear axle with with transverse

Fuel type

Super lead free 98 RON / ROZ

3

differential lock

AERODYNAMICS

SUSPENSION Wheel suspension

Double wishbone front / rear

CW VALUE

Tyre, front

265–680 ZR 500A Michelin Pilot Sport Pax

Standard

0.39

Tyres, rear

365–710 ZR 540A Michelin Pilot Sport Pax

Handling

0.42

Tyre pressure

3.1 bar front

Top Speed

0.36

3.1 bar rear

Airbrake

0.68

WING/SPOILER ANGLE

SUSPENSION HEIGHTS Standard

125 / 125 front / rear (mm)

Standard

Retracted / 2° cool-down position

Handling

80 / 95 front / rear (mm)

Handling with roof

6°/27°

65 / 70 front / rear (mm)

Handling without roof

20°/27°

Top Speed

Top Speed

Brake disk diameter

Brake setting

55°/27°

BRAKES

Special features

Central hydraulics

400 mm front

THREE SUSPENSION HEIGHTS

380 mm rear

STANDARD_ For town traffic and speeds up to 220 km/h. From 220 km/h, automatic configuration switches from Standard to Handling

Brake disk material

Carbon / ceramic front / rear

Number of wheel brake cylinders

8 front 6 rear

Number of brake pads

4 front 2 rear

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

HANDLING_ For fast driving on country roads or motorways, or manually selectable for race tracks TOP SPEED_ For V-max driving (over 375 km/h), manually selectable with separate key


BUGATTI VEYRON 16.4 - GRAND SPORT Dimensions

Dimensions in technical drawings in millimetres

1 204 mm

1 714 mm

1 617 mm

1 998 mm

1 998 mm

Rear wing braking Rear wing extended Rear wing, top-speed

1 382 mm

929 mm

2 710 mm 4 462 mm

Tank fl ap, fuel

Tank fl ap, engine oil

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A BUGATTI INTRODUCTION

introduction writed by Ken Purdy at the occasion of a grand article in Automobile Quarterly in 1967.

textKenPurdy

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PhotographyBugattiarchives

château saint Jean in Molsheim, Alsace, is the current seat of Bugatti Automobiles sAs. here in the late 1920s, after an important race victory, there might be a garden party, with Madame Bugatti.

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f the 5,000-odd makes of automobile that have come and gone, the Bugatti seems to me the most interesting. That is not to say that it was the best automobile ever built. The Type 68 Hispano-Suiza was a better car than the comparable Type 50 Bugatti; the twocylinder Lanchester was mechanically more interesting than any Bugatti; the Monza Alfa Romeo was probably a better motorcar than the contemporary Type 55 Bugatti. Of course, even in this narrow field of view, the Bugatti has its superiorities, and many of them: The Type 35 Grand Prix was one of the most successful racing cars ever built and the most beautiful (the Type 29 “tank” was the ugliest!); in majesty of concept the Type 41, La Royale, is quite by itself; the Type

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57SC is even today, thirty years after its apogee, strikingly good-looking and comparable in performance to all but the very fastest Gran Turismo motorcars we have. But in the large view, overall, the Bugatti is uniquely fascinating. What other manufacturer has produced such a range

of models, a child’s car, a car intended as a processional carriage for princes, a chain-drive racing car, a four-wheel-drive car, a ladies’ touring car, Grand Prix cars of extraordinary capability, sports cars, GT cars? Ettore Bugatti himself is of the select company of Ford, Royce, Birkigt, Porsche, Ferrari. Ford was far more successful

Jean Bugatti (3rd right) whom his father had always forbidden to race, was killed testing a car in August, 1939.


1937 Type 57S Atalante Coupé designed by Jean Bugatti. One of only 17 ever made. Note the riveted panels to form a streamlined sports coupe.

commercially, Royce more single-minded, Birkigt a better engineer; Porsche was a sounder designer and Ferrari has had a much longer career, but these giants somehow do not move one, individually, as Bugatti does. It is a measure of the fascination of Bugatti and his cars that the literature is of remarkable volume: Four major books on Bugatti have been published since World War II; the history and ownership of every surviving car has been catalogued; a magazine has been published steadily for nearly forty years by The Bugatti Owners Club, headquartered in England, the oldest and strongest of all one-marque clubs.

Ettore Bugatti Ettore Bugatti was an Italian who lived nearly all his life in France. He was, as the French say, un type, a character, an exotic, one of a kind, greatly gifted, proud, unswervingly independent, indifferent to any opinion but his own, amused, aristocratic, impractical, profligate, a connoisseur, a gourmet, a bon vivant. He died in 1947 after sixty-six years of life full of creation and drama. There are many photographs of him. He is in one of his racing cars in 1925, his two sons crowded into the cockpit with him, one fourteen, one three. Bugatti is smiling at the photographer and waving, his hand

Jean Bugatti. Car designer “avant la lettre”, talented to the edge.

gloved in what looks to be immaculate chamois. In another, he is sitting solemn and stiff, in a car he built for the ParisMadrid race of 1903. In another, he is wearing goggles and helmet. The helmet is odd-looking. M. Bugatti has been amusing himself. He has taken a knife or a scissors to the brim of a bowler hat and made a helmet of it. He didn’t cut all the brim off: He left a neat little bill in front to shade his eyes. In another, he is twenty or so, and apparently about to go riding. He’s wearing a cap, a flaring short coat, pipe-stem breeches he must have put on barefoot, a hard collar four inches high, on his left wrist a bracelet and an inch and a half of cuff, altogether a figure of shattering elegance and sang-froid. Bugatti was a moody man, imperious and egotistic. There was the strong drive of the artist in him. His father was a silversmith, a cabinet maker and furniture designer, and Ettore Bugatti had intended to be an artist.

His brother Rembrandt Bugatti But he began to believe, before he was out of his teens, that his brother, Rembrandt, possessed a talent superior to his own, and it was not in his nature

Ettore Bugatti. He used the outline of the horseshoe for the car radiators

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E ttore’s brother Rembrandt, was remarkably gifted. He was a sculptor and most of his work centered on animals

to be content with second-best, so he chose another metier. He was right about Rembrandt, who was indeed remarkably gifted. He was a sculptor and most of his work centered on animals. In April, 1966, the Piccadilly Gallery in London gave an exhibition of twenty-one of his bronzes. They were delightful. There were two that I wanted badly, a study of a running deer, and a seated nude, but like nearly all the pieces in the show, they sold almost as soon as it opened, and for high prices. Ettore Bugatti began to concern himself with motor vehicles when he was sixteen or seventeen years old. He was working for the Prinetti & Stucchi firm; he bought a motor tricycle from the company and modified it. He entered it in the Paris-Bordeaux race in 1899, but retired halfway through after hitting a dog. He ran in a number of other races and won at least three: VeronaMantua, Pignerol-Turin, Padua-Trevise. In 1898 he had designed and built a small four-wheel, four-cylinder car. His third car, financed by the Count Gulinelli di Ferrari, won a gold medal in the International Sport Exhibition in Milan in 1901.

Start in Molsheim By 1902, when he was twenty-one, Bugatti had a reputation strong enough to attract useful attention: He was hired as a designer

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by the de Dietrich company. He raced in a Frankfurt meeting, coming second to a Mercedes-Simplex in a machine identified in the program as a de Dietrich-Bugatti, apparently driving with notable skill and elan. He built a car for the 1903 ParisMadrid but wasn’t allowed to start it on the ground that the driver’s position was too far to the rear, and too low, for safety. In 1903 Bugatti was designing the Hermes car for Emile Mathis of Strasbourg. Later he designed for Deutz, Isotta-Fraschini and Peugeot. In Strasbourg Bugatti met a banker, a M. de Viscaya, who suggested that an abandoned dyeworks in Molsheim, in what was then Alsace-Lorraine and is now Bas-Rhin, might make a good nucleus for a factory. Bugatti looked at the place, agreed, and de Viscaya financed him. Ernest Friderich, a master-mechanic and Bugatti’s lifelong friend, was his main associate. The original staff numbered three, and in 1910 they built five cars. By 1911 there was a work force of sixty-five people, and Friderich, doubling as race driver for the factory, won his class in the Grand Prix du Mans in the car that is generally considered to have been the first all-Bugatti production: the eight-valve four-cylinder Type 13. Friderich was second to a huge Fiat with an engine five times as big. It was a

stunning surprise, and Bugatti was famous overnight. At one stroke he had doomed the huge, slow-turning engines that were then standard for all powerful cars, and had demonstrated that roadholding, the ability to stick in fast corners, was more important than sheer power. Every Bugatti ever built, from that day on, was notable for its roadholding.

List of records Other cars might be faster on a long straightaway, but European races, then as now, were run on courses full of bends and corners, and in the corners the Bugatti was supreme. Bugatti cars began to set up a list of records for speed and reliability that was to run for years without challenge. In 1924, 1925, 1926 and 1927 alone Bugattis won 1,851 races, a number unapproached until the great Ferrari successes began in the Fifties. Like most successful men, Bugatti was stubborn, and he was not quick to admit error, sometimes preferring to cover it with sarcastic wit. For example, long after the hydraulic brake had shown what it was, Bugatti stuck with cables, and when one of his customers complained about them, he is said to have replied, “I make my cars to go, not to stop.” He may not have said it, but certainly it sounds like him.


Fifty different models He built about fifty different models of motorcar, from the Type 13 to the Type 64, and one that he particularly liked was the Type 46, which came out in 1929. It was certainly not his best production, many owners complaining that it had a wicked driveshaft vibration among other things, but Bugatti liked it so much that he would still build one to order in 1939. One Parisian client brought his Type 46 back to the factory for adjustment time after time. One day M. Bugatti came upon the fellow in a corridor. “You, monsieur, I think,” he said, “are the one who has brought his Type 46 back three times?” The man admitted it, full of hope that Le Patron himself would now see to things. Bugatti stared at him “Do not,” he said, “let it happen again.” A reigning Balkan monarch, visiting in

France, wanted to buy a Royale, the Type 41, of which only seven were built—at a chassis price of $20,000. In the beginning, when Bugatti first began to make the Type 41, and before the Great Depression of the Thirties forced a more realistic view, he intended selling the car only to the most select clients. The Balkan ruler visited the chateau in Molsheim, and Le Patron covertly estimated his character. He was told finally that there was not, alas, a Royale available, nor could one say, unhappily, when the factory would be able to make one. “Never!” Bugatti told one of his assistants. “The man’s table manners are beyond belief!” “My dear fellow,” Bugatti told a customer who complained that his car was hard to start in cold weather, “if you can afford a Type 55 Bugatti, surely you can afford a heated garage!”

Bugatti’s success Ettore Bugatti had earned the right to be arrogant. The Type 55 might not start first crack on a January morning, but it was among the fastest cars on the world market in 1932. Its 115 miles an hour is no great figure today, half-a-lifetime later, but still it’s not slow, either, and its fenderline is still the loveliest ever put on a motorcar. This triple-curved line was the work of Jean Bugatti, and it appeared on the roadster 41, too. Bugatti’s success in the Grand Prix du Mans in 1920 shot him quickly into the top rank of European motorcar builders.

The factory Over the next few years he expanded his little factory until he was employing 1,000 people. The factory was a complex of one-story buildings, all fitted with identical heavy brass-bound doors, to which only Le Patron held the master key. There

Aggressive and from a disturbing beauty, this T57 is one of Gangloff’s drawing masterpiece. Photographed during the Concours d’élégance in the park of “Het Loo Palace” in Apeldoorn.

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were two museums on the grounds, one for Rembrandt’s sculpture, the other for a collection of horse-drawn carriages. There was a covered riding hall and stables for fifteen horses. He raised wirehaired fox terriers and fancy pigeons. He distilled his own liqueurs. He maintained an inn, L’Hostellerie du Pur Sang, for the convenience of his clients. Bugatti’s chateau was a stone’s throw away, set in a park. Here, after an important race victory, there might be a garden party, with Madame Bugatti and their two daughters and two sons in attendance, and perhaps the winning driver would receive from Bugatti the highest award of the firm, a wristwatch by a famous Swiss house, made to his own design in the horseshoe form of the Bugatti radiator. Only one is known to exist today. It is in England.

the absolute ruler Bugatti presided over this domain as its absolute ruler. Every morning he toured the factory, either on a bicycle of his own design and make, or in the small open electric Type 56 runabout. He dressed colorfully and with much dash. His word was law. One of his primary concerns, almost an obsession, was with cleanliness. He insisted that offices, benches, workshops be spotless and shining. He was imperious. When the company supplying him with electricity asked for payment of an overdue bill (Bugatti’s financial affairs tended to run on a feastor-famine pattern) he paid it—and ordered a power station built on the factory grounds. When it was finished, Bugatti called an officer of the power company, showed him through the spotless new plant, tiled throughout, and said, “I did not like the tone of your letter of some months past, and as you see, I shall have no further need for your company’s services. Good day.”

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his gifted son Jean For Ettore Bugatti, as for so many others, the golden years probably ended in 1929. The Depression of the 1930’s brought new power to the labor unions, and Bugatti, paternalistic to the bone, was never able to accept this. Most of the years just before World War II he spent in his Paris offices, leaving the running of the factory to Jean Bugatti and the nucleus of oldtime executives, Ernest Friderich, Pierre Marco and the others. Jean, whom his father had always forbidden to race, was killed testing a car in August, 1939. During the war the Germans used Molsheim for torpedo manufacture. After the liberation the Canadians and the Americans occupied it. The Canadians had an accidental fire which was very destructive; the Americans, retreating before the last big German offensive of the war, removed all the remaining machine tools and lost the identifying papers.

ettore fought and won The French government seized the plant as enemy property (Bugatti was still an Italian national). He fought the case in the courts and won. He began to work hard again. He designed a cheap trawler to help the French fishing industry to recover; a tiny racing car; a sail-boat with steel tripods instead of a mast, and many other things. (In his lifetime Bugatti registered over 350 patents, ranging from safety razors to gasoline-powered railcars, the latter for years the fastest in the world.) He overworked. The strain of the war years, and the long court case, had weakened him. He became ill in May, 1947, and died on the 21st of August.

bugatti’s legacy His memorial is built of the 1,200 Bugatti automobiles that survive today of the 7,500 he made. This is an extraordinarily high percentage, particularly when one considers that France went through two terrible wars during the factory’s existence. It is a

remarkable indication of the value that has been attached to Bugatti motorcars from the beginning. In variety, in temperament, in performance, in actual personality, all seen together, they do stand alone, and no one who has owned a Bugatti, or even driven a Bugatti any considerable distance, is likely ever to quite forget it..

KEN PURDY Kenneth william Purdy (April 28, 1913 – June 7, 1972). Ken Purdy was a prolific freelance writer during the 1940s-1970s. he edited magazines directed toward men including true and Argosy, writing authoritatively on many subjects, but is remembered primarily for his car related articles and short stories. it is no accident that the award for excellence in Automotive Journalism given by the international Motor Press Association is named the Ken Purdy Award. Purdy was born in chicago in 1913, and raised mostly in Auburn, new York, by his mother after his father, songwriter william thomas Purdy died when Ken was only six. Ken graduated in 1934 from the university of wisconsin– Madison. soon after, he got his first newspaper job with the Athol, Massachusetts, Daily news. from there he went to oshkosh, wisconsin, to the chicago radio Guide, to associate editor of Look; and to the united states office of war information as editor of Victory during world war ii. he was an editor at Parade, car and Driver, Argosy and true magazines between the late 40’s and mid 50’s. Purdy’s main interest just happened to be autos and the people who drove them. Among other things, he produced 35 short stories and scores of automotive pieces for Playboy. he won Playboy’s annual writers’ award three times. his Kings of the road, published in 1949, is still a landmark. Purdy died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound on June 7, 1972 .


chronoLoGY of BuGAtti carlo Bugatti.

1881Ettore’sbirth-Ettore was born into a family of artists on 15 September in Milan. His father, Carlo Bugatti, was a renowned cabinetmaker, with his Arabian-influenced furniture selling well beyond the Italian borders. 1897 Prinetti & Stucchi apprenticeship - After finishing school and spending a short time at the Academy of Art in Milan, Ettore undertook an apprenticeship with bicycle manufacturer Prinetti & Stucchi. He was fascinated by the technology and mechanics of automobiles, which were still in their infancy. At the age of just 17, Ettore fitted an engine to a tricycle, before later developing this idea by fitting two De Dion engines. He entered several races with these machines. 1901Goldmedal/Gulinelliauto/firstcontractwithdedietrich-Ettore unveiled his first car at an exhibition in Milan. Built with the assistance of the Gulinelli brothers, his construction was awarded the “T2” prize by the French Automobile Club. Sadly, the project was brought to a halt with the death of one of the brothers. The licence to build the car was then sold to the De Dietrich company in Niederbronn, Alsace. As Bugatti was still under 21, his father signed the contract on his behalf and Ettore went on to develop five more vehicles for De Dietrich.

contract with De Dietrich. Bugatti type 2, 1901.

1905Mathiscontract-De Dietrich felt that Ettore was spending too much time on developing racing cars, and that he was not focusing sufficiently on series production vehicles. The company therefore terminated his contract, and Ettore turned to Emil Mathis, for whom he developed a new car with a four-cylinder engine.

ettore Bugatti turned to emil Mathis in 1905.

1907Contractwithdeutz-Ettore’s partnership with Emil Mathis also came to a relatively swift end, and in 1906 he developed a 50-hp vehicle on his own. In July 1907, he offered this to Deutz, a petrol engine manufacturer. Deutz built the car under licence, and appointed Bugatti as head of the production department in Cologne. At the same time, Ettore worked on his first “Pur Sang”, the Type 10, in the basement of his Cologne home.

contract with Deutz a petrol engine manufacturer. Later Deutz became Magirus-Deutz (see the logo).

1909Jean’sbirth/foundingofMolsheim-15 January 1909 saw the arrival of Jean, Ettore’s third child. The same year, he decided to open his own plant, receiving financial support from banker de Vizcaya, and chose a disused dye factory in Molsheim, Alsace for the location. The Darmstadter Bank then provided additional financing to produce ten automobiles and five aircraft engines.

ettore start his own plant, an old dye factory in Molsheim.

1910firstsuccesseswiththeeight-valveengines-The first machines were delivered in January, and Ettore built and sold five vehicles. His long-term assistant, Friedrich, began to enter the company’s first prototypes in races.

ettore with hat in his early car with eight valve engines.

1911PeugeotBébécontract-1911 saw a number of racing successes, the most impressive of which was a second-place finish at the French grand prix, competing against a number of more powerful vehicles. In the same year, Bugatti signed a licensing agreement for the production of the Peugeot Bebe, the Bugatti Type 19. The Bebe was a huge success and was used in the majority of Bugatti constructions Several thousand vehicles were built.

Bugatti t 16 Bébé Peugeot 1913.

1914-1918WorldWari/aircraftengines/Rembrandt’sdeath(1916)-During the First World War, Bugatti developed several aircraft engine designs for the French and American governments. The licensing fees gave Ettore the capital he needed to fully equip his production facility in Molsheim after the war. Production was increased and the number of employees rose to over 1,000. A major blow for Ettore was the suicide of his brother Rembrandt in 1916. Even in death, Rembrandt was a true Bugatti, filling his room with roses beforehand.

Bugatti t 13 Brescia, 19201921

192116-valveenginestakethefirstfourplacesinBrescia-This first runaway victory immortalised the small Type 13, and as it took place at the Voiturettes GP in Brescia, it was decided that every 16-valve model would feature the Italian city’s name.

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1922.Strasbourggrandprix,Type29/30-The Type 29/30 was Bugatti’s first eight-cylinder racing car. It featured hydraulic brakes and a revolutionary body in the shape of a cigar. Named accordingly, “the Cigar” made its debut at the ACF grand prix in 1922, where it took second place.

Bugatti t 29/30, 1922

1923Toursgrandprix,Type32-One year later at the ACF grand prix in Tours, Bugatti again caused a sensation with a revolutionary wing-like body and covered wheels. Known as “the Tank”, this model featured a very short wheelbase and was powered by a redeveloped version of the previous year’s eight-cylinder engine. With Ernest Friedrich at the wheel, the car took third place. Bugatti t 32 tAnK, 1923

1924Lyongrandprix,Type35-Bugatti presented the Type 35 at the French Grand Prix, held in Lyon in 1924. The car may have looked more traditional than its two predecessors, but it featured a number of revolutionary details, such as the aluminium wheels and Bugatti’s own hollow, cast front axle. While this eight-cylinder racing car did not immediately take first place, it remained the car to beat for the decade to follow. The international success of the Bugatti Type 35 and its importance in terms of automotive history turned it and its designer into legends. 1927 The Type 41 Royale - As far back as 1914, Ettore dreamed of building the best and most luxurious automobile of all time. He realised this ambition in 1926 with the launch of the Royale. It was the most expensive car ever built, and its relative price continues to surpass anything since produced. The eight-cylinder engine offered a capacity of 12.7 litres and 300 hp, though sadly this legendary vehicle was launched just as the Great Depression took hold. The high production costs, coupled with sales of just three units, very nearly brought Bugatti to its knees. 1931Bugattiautorail-The global economic crisis eventually struck France, and had Bugatti not won a contract to build a new high-speed train for the French government, the company would have been in dire financial straits in the early 1930s. Bugatti therefore established itself as a railcar manufacturer, with the huge Royale engine of the Type 41 put to good use powering the Autorail. Bugatti even held the world speed record for railed vehicles with combustion engines.

Bugatti t 35, 1924-1931

ettore with his son Jean at the Lyon G. P. in 1924 Bugatti t 41 royale, 1926-1933

Bugatti Autorail 1931

1934TheType57-As well as the train, the early 30s saw Bugatti develop the Type 57. This touring car was Ettore’s final great success, with around 700 vehicles built. 1936“FrontPopulaire”strike-In 1936, Bugatti’s world changed forever. Ettore had always enjoyed a special relationship with his staff, and offered good social benefits and above-average pay. When his workforce called a strike, he took it as a personal affront, and withdrew from Molsheim to work almost exclusively from Paris. The result of the strike was actually lower pay for newcomers to the plant, and a rift that would never fully be healed.

Bugatti t 57 G tank, 1937

1937LeMansvictory-With a first Le Mans victory in 1937, Bugatti had another taste of the success it had enjoyed in the 20s. Jean Pierre Wimille and Robert Benoist took the chequered flag in a Type 57 G Tank. Bugatti also achieved a new distance record for the 24-hour race. 1939LeMansvictory/Jean’sdeath/WorldWarii-Bugatti was struggling financially, though Jean was able to convince his father to enter a team to race at Le Mans. Drivers Pierre Wimille and Pierre Veyron shared a single Bugatti with a 57 standard series chassis and supercharger (and a very similar tank body to the 1937 winner), and once more took first place. The race marked Bugatti’s last great victory. On 11 August, Jean’s death during testing of the exact car that had just won Le Mans meant the company was left without its founder’s designated successor. Just a few days later, World War II broke out.

Bugatti t 57 c, 1939

1945Theendofthewar-After the war, a few tentative attempts were made to restart production in Molsheim. However, the company lacked the financial resources necessary to develop a new product range. 1947ThedeathofEttoreBugatti-Ettore Bugatti died at a military hospital in Paris on 21 August 1947. He was 66 years old and had contracted pneumonia. In total, around 7,800 vehicles had been built bearing his name.. 1956Lasteverworks-registeredBugattitoenteraGP-Under the leadership of Ettore Bugatti’s son Roland, a mid-engine formula 1 car was entered at the French grand prix in Rheims. The car was driven by Maurice Trintignant but retired after just 18 laps due to technical difficulties.

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Bugatti 251, 19551956


1963Bugattitakenover- Bugatti was sold to the aircraft company Hispano Suiza.

the hispano suiza logo

1987Bugattirevival-Entrepreneur Romano Artioli bought the rights to the Bugatti name and built a new factory in Campogalliano, Italy, to manufacture a new supercar. 1991UnveilingoftheEB110-On the110th anniversary of Ettore Bugattiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s birth, the new EB no supercar was unveiled in Paris.

Bugatti eB 110, 1991

1995BugattiautomobiliS.p.afilesforbankruptcy-In autumn 1995, Bugatti Automobili S.P.A was declared bankrupt having manufactured around 140 Bugatti EB 110 S. The EB 112 saloon, which had been presented to the public in 1993, was never produced.

Bugatti eB 118 Bugatti eB 18/3 chiron concept

1998VolkswagenacquirestherightstoBugatti-In autumn 1998, the EB 118 was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show. The four-seat, two-door coupe featured a 6.3-litre, 18-cylinder engine.

1999Four-doorstudyinGeneva,andsportscarsinFrankfurtandTokyo-The EB 218 study was presented at the Geneva Motor Show, with the EB 18/3 Chiron concept unveiled in autumn of the same year at Frankfurt. Shortly after this, the 18.4 Veyron was exhibited at the Tokyo Motor Show. Bugatti Veyron 18.4

2001FrankfurtMotorShow-The Frankfurt Motor Show saw the unveiling of the EB 16.4 Veyron with a 16-cylinder and four-turbo engine, a car that was almost ready for production. The decision to actually begin series production was announced in Molsheim, Alsace. Bugatti Veyron 16.4

2005Veyronproductionbegins-After completion of the production facility in Molsheim, manufacturing of the Veyron began in 2005. The new site was officially opened on 3 September 2005.

2006Veyrondeliverybegins-Spring 2006 saw the delivery of the first Bugatti Veyron models produced, as part of a limited edition run of 300. Bugatti Veyron 16.4 sang noir

2008VeyronGrandSport-The open-top version of the Bugatti Veyron was launched at Pebble Beach 2008.150 units are to be manufactured of the model, known as the Grand Sport. Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand sport

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Hispano Suiza

Dazzling Comeback 60

Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010


An esteemed automotive brand is experiencing a stunning revival at the Geneva International MotorShow: Hispano Suiza. A SwissSpanish company is presenting a new super-premium sports car under this marque. Text Hispano Suiza

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Photography Hispano Suiza/Pascal Van Mele/Thomas van Wilgenburg

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I

t clearly accentuates the exclusivity of the brand and is the first of its kind with hybrid drive. Unsurpassed quality, superb technology, exceptional comfort and ample performance – but still ideally suited for everyday driving. These are the principles that Marc Birkigt, the Swiss founder of the original

the Granturismo was made not only to attest to its racing pedigree – it is equally at home cruising down metropolitan thoroughfares. In the next evolutionary stage, this will even be

Hispano Suiza company, strove for in all of his inspired designs. The new Granturismo lives up to this brand distinction in every respect. The car has a chassis constructed with aluminum space-frame technology, as well as a lightweight, yet extremely stable, carbon body. In the initial version of the car, a ten-cylinder V-engine, assisted by two electrically-powered superchargers, generates 750 HP – power that is abundant enough to propel the Hispano Suiza from a standing stop to 100 km/h (62.14 mph) in 3.4 seconds. The permanent all-wheel drive ensures sufficient traction to deliver this power to the road, guaranteeing not only extraordinary driving performance but also outstanding handling. With an access height of 1,250 millimeters (49 inches), Hispano Suiza drivers will enjoy complete ease of entry – uncommon for a car of this performance class. The interior, furnished in leather, aluminum and carbon, is ergonomic yet of superior quality and refinement. Consequently,

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accomplished silently and without exhaust emissions. True to the tradition of Hispano Suiza – one of the inventors of hybrid drive technology – a drive of this type (combining internal combustion and electric motive power) is currently being developed for the car. With this, the GT ascends to a new level of performance. At the rear axle, propulsion is provided by the supercharged, tencylinder engine. The front wheels are driven by a separate, 150 HP electric motor that draws electricity from a battery pack at the front of the car. This combination boosts the Hispano Suiza’s output to 900 HP if needed.

Under urban driving conditions, the electric motor can power the car by itself, of course.


Hispano Suiza V10 Supercharged Engine

First-run models of the conventionally powered Granturismo will be ready for delivery in six months. The base price will be € 700,000. Additional pricing for the hybrid model will be determined at a later date. Advanced planning is already taking place now, however. As soon as next year, a roadster will join the model lineup.

Compelling Debut Renowned automobile designer Erwin Himmel, backed by a strong team of enthusiastic engineers and technicians, is now reintroducing the illustrious Hispano Suiza brand. At the Geneva International Motor Show, he presented the first prototype and prepared to launch production of an exclusive limited production run – roughly 70 years after the last Hispano Suiza was built. The new car has nothing to do with the design concepts with which others have tried to capitalize on the brand’s luster for in years past. This Hispano Suiza is neither a mockup

5.2L FSI V10 with direct fuel injection supercharged

Displacement

5204 cc

Transmission

6-speed manual gearbox optional automatic 6-speed

-

gearbox with pedal shift

Type of drive

permanent all-wheel drive

Clutch

Double-plate clutch

Engine power (max.)

750 HP (551 kW) bei 8.200 rpm

Torque (max.)

700 Nm (516.29 lb-ft) at 6,650 rpm

Acceleration 0-100 km/h

3,4 s

Top speed

more than 330 km/h (205.05 mph)

Brake system

FA: 380 x 38 carbon-ceramic, ventilated RA: 356 x 32 carbon-ceramic, ventilated with ABS/ESP

Wheel rims

FA: 10 x 22 I+r 7-spoke forged wheel Center-locking RA: 11 x 22 I+r 7-spoke forged wheel Center-locking

Tires

FA: Michelin Pilot Sport PS2 275/25 ZR 22 RA: Michelin Pilot Sport PS2 295/25 ZR 22

Curb weight

1,590 kg (3,505.35 lbs)

Average fuel consumption

13.5 L/100 km (17.42 mpg)

CO2 emissions

348 g/km (560.05 g/mile)

Dimensions (L x W x H)

4,940 mm (194.49 in) x 2,064 mm (81.26 in) x 1,250 mm (49.21 in)

Bodywork

Aluminum space frame with carbon body

nor a show or concept car; instead, it is a road-ready prototype. Countless man-years of work and millions in funding have been invested in the project. Erwin Himmel is the driving force behind this endeavor. The designer, from Graz, Austria, has gathered a wealth of experience in the automotive industry. Numerous successful Volkswagen Group car models originated from Himmel’s drawing board. His Audi quattro Spyder design study was the highlight of the 1991 IAA.

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For Hispano Suiza, Himmel assembled a small, hand-picked team from the areas of design, engine technology, vehicle construction, marketing and sales. The investor backing the entire project is Marta Pou, a Catalan who is also responsible for sales and product marketing. Roland Mayer, an engineer from Ingolstadt, is responsible for the technical concept and the perfect harmonization of the engine, drivetrain and chassis. Currently, he is also the acting chief executive. Alexander Medawar, from Munich, computerdesigned the prototype, then constructed it and prepared the series production in detail. Up to now, core development has taken place in Munich. True to its brand name, though, Hispano Suiza intends to conduct all further activities from Switzerland and Spain. Thus, the car assembly plant will be built at the new headquarters site in Lugano, Switzerland. Ongoing design and product development will be centrally handled from there. Sales and product marketing will be managed from the office in Barcelona. It was there that the original company was founded at the beginning of the last

Erwin Himmel

century. Hence, the Hispano Suiza brand counts among the pioneers of automotive construction. Already in 1910, Hispano Suiza built an automobile that was powered by a 3.4 liter four-cylinder engine that enabled it reach a top speed of 130 km/h (80.78 mph), which was astonishing at that time. Numerous additional models followed, all of which were characterized by advanced technology, extraordinary elegance and the utmost in quality. Consequently, in the 1930s the company introduced a model to the market whose 9.4 liter twelve-cylinder engine was able to accelerate the massive two-ton vehicle from 0 to 100 km/h (62.14 mph) in 12 seconds. The car costs significantly more than a comparable Rolls-Royce. Brilliant superlatives are also featured by the new Hispano Suiza that Himmel and his team publicly presented at the car show. It is a thoroughbred, superpremium sports car, with an aluminum frame, carbon body, uniquely exclusive interior and all-wheel drive. The initial version will have a supercharged, tencylinder V-engine that delivers 750 HP for convincing propulsion. It zooms to 100

The driving force behind this ambitious project is Erwin Leo Himmel (in the middle). Born in Graz, Austria, the designer is a graduate of the Royal College of Art in London and has extensive years of experience in the automotive industry. Over the years, Himmel worked for Audi in Ingolstadt on numerous successful model lines – the Audi 80, Audi 100 and the RS4 or A8, for example. His Audi quattro Spyder design study was the highlight of the 1991 IAA. Other models from the Volkswagen Group – for instance the VW Touareg or Seat Leon – also bear Himmel’s signature. Himmel was one of the first automotive designers to recognize the significance of integrated brand design and has consistently pursued this concept. After his tenure with the Volkswagen Group, Himmel opened his own design studio in Barcelona, designing for brands such as Mitsubishi, Subaru, Panasonic, LG, Samsung and TAG Heuer. Himmel returns to his roots with his Hispano Suiza concept, giving new luster to the venerable marque with his designs – true to his motto “Design is my passion – visions are my impetus”.

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km/h (62.14 mph) in 3.4 seconds, and its top speed lies well beyond 330 km/h (205.05 mph). The stated goal of this project was to roll out a car that not only offers supreme performance and tremendous handling, but also a suitability for everyday driving that is uncommon in this performance class. Soon, it will also gain another new dimension: in its next phase of development, the Hispano Suiza will become the first super-premium sports car to have a hybrid drive. In this version, a 150 HP electric motor will power the front wheels. As a result, a total of 900 HP – in combination with the ten-cylinder engine – will be available, or the electric motor can operate alone to propel the Granturismo quietly and without exhaust emissions. Thus, even greater performance and comfort will be offered. Choosing this drive concept for Hispano Suiza is therefore not only consistent but also very true to the brand. After all, the forerunner of the new Hispano Suiza offered one of the first hybrid drives over 100 years ago . .


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ferrari p540 SuperfaSt aperta

official Debut at the cavalliNo claSSic text source Ferrari n Photography & Drawings Ferrari/Pininfarina

FerrarihasunveiledtheP540Superfast aperta,aone-offcommissionedby EdwardWalsonandcreatedbythe SpecialProjectsprogram.Thecaris basedonthe599GTBFioranoandtakes inspirationfromaFantuzzi-bodiedmodel createdfora1968Fellinifilm. The P540 Superfast Aperta unveiled by Ferrari at Fiorano is the second special one-off developed by the company’s Special Projects Program, following the SP1 revealed in November 2008. The P540 was built for American client Edward Walson, son of John Walson, the inventor of cable TV, who approached Ferrari in 2008 to produce a modern reinterpretation of the gold-coloured car featured in Fellini’s “Toby Dammit”, a 40 minute episode from the movie “Histoires Extraordinaires” / “Spirits of the Dead”, released in 1968.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

The original car was a special model developed by Carrozzeria Fantuzzi specifically for the film, itself inspired by one of the tales of Edgar Allan Poe. In accordance with the Special Project’s approach to producing such individual one-offs, the P540 Superfast Aperta respects all existing international safety and homologation requirements and is thus road legal. The car was designed by Pininfarina and built in Maranello, and the client was directly involved in each stage of its development. As the 599 GTB Fiorano donor car is a coupé, considerable effort went into strengthening the chassis by using finite element analysis in development and the increase in weight was kept down to just 20 kg by employing carbon-fibre extensively..


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This special car’s colour was inspired by the film Toby Dammit, one of the three episodes of the film Histoires Extraordinaires made in 1968 based on stories by Edgar Allan Poe

Technical specifications Ferrari P540 Superfast Aperta Length

4731 mm

Width

1954 mm

Height

1300 mm

Wheelbase

2750 mm

Front track

1690 mm

Rear track

1620 mm

Engine

65° V12

Displacement

5999 cc

Maximum power

456 kW (620 CV) at 7600 rpm

Maximum torque

608 Nm (62 kgm) at 5600 rpm

Transmission

F1 6-speed gearbox

Tyres

Front 245/35 20’’ Rear 305/35 20’’

Fuel consumption

Combined cycle 17.9 l/100 km

CO emissions

Combined cycle 415 g/km

2

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010


Pininfarina and Ferrari’s Special Projects division

T

his is the work of Pininfarina and Ferrari’s Special Projects division, which handles one-off customizations for the automaker. And while it shares similar technical specs with the 599, it’s a strong visual departure featuring touches of Maserati, 250 GTO and even a smidge

of Shelby Series One. Whereas the donor car is a sportier GT, the P540 is a more aggressive and masculine take. Beside the reason for the Aperta designation is the open top: “aperta” is feminine for open because car are feminine, “macchina aperta”.

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At the 2009 Geneva Motor Show Koenigsegg has presented the full-scale model of its Quant Concept, a full electric four-door coupĂŠ developed in partnership with NLV Solar, which provided the innovative thinflm photovoltaic coating that covers the body. The goal is to reach a limited series production.

Koenigsegg Quant Concept

Text source Koenigsegg n Car Concept nÂş 4 Sept - October 2010

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Photography & Drawings Koenigsegg


car of the future

groundbreaking technology

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Koenigsegg in partnership with NLV Solar AG The Quant Concept was developed by Swedish supercar manufacturer Koenigsegg in partnership with NLV Solar AG, a pioneer in photovoltaics and accumulator technology. A full-scale model of this four-seater solar electric car was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, with the two companies currently working on running prototypes to scale up for series production. The Quant is a battery-powered electric vehicle that can be re-charged to full capacity in just 20 minutes, thanks to the FAES (Flow Accumulator Energy Storage) system, with a range of 500 kilometres. Among the technical highlights are the carbon chassis with aluminium/carbon body panels and the innovative, invisible thinflm photovoltaic coating that covers the body of the car which offers an additional power supply. This system also contributes to the design of a fully electrical powertrain, which simplifes the drivetrain layout and packaging, as only one propulsion system is needed. The total output is 512 hp and the maximum torque is 715 Nm; which allows the Quant to deliver 0-100 km/h in 5.2 seconds and reach a top speed of 275 km/h.

Design Given the size of the NLV Quant, it has an unusually low frontal surface of around 2 square meters. This, combined with a drag coeffcient of around CD 0.27 and the efficiency of the FAES, will increase the carâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s range. The design team includes Christian von Koenigsegg, Nunzio La Vecchia (Project and Design Leader), Joachim Nordwall (Designer), Efraim Tangen (Modelling/Surfacing/Designwork), Victor Rosenvinge, Ketil Humlekjaer, Remi Andersen (Physical Modelling). The design provides a unique blend of supercar looks and the space of a traditional luxury sedan. The car will carry four adults in comfort and also feature a spacious luggage compartment at the rear.

The gull-wing doors The gull-wing doors are a unique feature for a production fourseater; in addition to represent a stylish feature, they also make entry to the car more ergonomic, thanks to the lack of B-pillars, thus providing a easy access to both the front and rear passenger seats.

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The unique split side-lite feature allows all passenger to open and close the front and rear side windows separately, despite the factthat there is only one door per side. The NLV Quant has a rear-wheel drive, with four-wheel brake regeneration, ABS and ESP. It is powered by two electrical AC induction electric motors with variable frequency drive and in-line planetary step down drive, one for each rear wheel.

Koenigsegg Quant Concept Technical Specifications Power:

512 bhp

Torque:

715 nm

0–100 km/h:

5.2 seconds

Top speed:

275 km/h

The twin-motor design eliminates the need for bevel gears or a differential, further simplifying the lay-out and giving constant and controlled power proportioning to the rear wheels, in both drive and coast mode. The projected curb weight of 1780 kg is very light considering that it is a battery-powered, four-seater, luxury performance car. This is partly due to the two-motor installation which weighs in at only 140 kg – a remarkable achievement considering the power output of 512 hp and maximum torque of 715 nm which allows the Quant to deliver 0–100 km/h in 5.2 seconds and hit a top speed of 275 km/h.

Curb weight:

1780 kg

Wheelbase:

3102 mm

Track – Front:

1730 mm

Rear:

1729 mm

Utilisation of a carbon-fibre monotube backbone chassis

Car Dimensions

Another reason for the car’s low weight is the utilisation of a carbon-fibre monotube backbone chassis, construction, which houses the FAES system safely inside the centreline of the car at the lowest possible position, bringing down the centre of gravity and central mass point. The FAES only weigh around 450 kg and contain no hazardous material or heavy metals.

Width:

2016 mm incl rear-view mirrors,

Length:

4879 mm

Height:

1335 mm

The project The project was born when NLV Solar AG commissioned the environmentally aware Swedish supercar manufacturer Koenigsegg to develop and design a “car of the future”, incorporating NLV Solar’s groundbreaking, proprietary technology in the felds of photovoltaics and accumulators. In 2008, the two companies signed a co-operation agreement to create a test vehicle for a unique propulsion system which makes optimum use of the solar technologies developed by NLV Solar AG, allied with an innovative accumulator unit.

Wheels and Tires Front:

245/35 - 22”

Rear:

265/35 - 22”

Brand:

Low friction tires by Michelin

Traction:

Rear-wheel drive

Energy Regeneration

Four-wheel brake regeneration

Interior Specifications Safety:

Minimum 6 smart airbags, ABS and ESP

Infotainment panels: 3x one in front, two for the rear Climate control

3 zone Climate Control system

Interior space:

for 4 adult passengers

Rear space:

Adjustable rear seats Large leg room in the rear

Other Specifications Energy:

NLV mobile redox Flow Accumulator Energy Storage system - FAES

Lightning:

LED front and rear lights

Body coating:

Body covered in NLV photovoltaic thin film solar coating

Partners/Suppliers:

Ekerdesign • J. Nordwall Design • Arturo La Vecchia • Zartus Production • Michelin Source: Koenigsegg

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here is cArconcePt MAGAZine nr 4:

C

arConceptMagazine is a new magazine on the horizon. A Dutch publication written in English. Published as a quarterly and later on 6 times a year. CarConceptMagazine (has a unique formula: it) is designed to share the ideas, the curiosity and passion of car lovers, of car makers and OEM* parts manufacturers, by writing about concept cars, future trends, exceptional automobiles, and (brand) new automotive technologies. It will provide a forum for the exchange of ideas between car lovers and professionals, between those who build the cars and those who drive them. It will also take you back to technical solutions of the past, the legendary cars

and car designers of yesterday, with an eye to their influence on the future. The CarConceptMagazine target group consist mostly of men aged 20 to 65 with a more than average interest and passion for cars. Most of them are in the A, B1 and B2 income groups. *Original Equipment Manufacturer.

technique. In short ConceptMagazine readers are passionate enthusiast and ConceptMagazine gives them access to the world of cars they would love to create and to own. Noël van Wilgenburg Editor

Nº 4 Car CoNCept MagaziNe

outlook and lifestyle CarConceptMagazine readers have a passion for cars in general and automotive techniques, prototypes, car engineering and design in particular. The enjoyment of cars design takes first place. CarConceptMagazine readers have an eye for improved design, high quality

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concept news

PANDION

A DREAM ALFA ROMEO BY BERTONE

After a two year absence from the international scene, Bertone returns to the Geneva Motor Show, unveiling a concept car that makes its world premiere here: the Pandion, an aggressive yet beautiful coupé designed as a tribute to Alfa Romeos’ one hundred year anniversary. The Pandion: an extreme and controversial sports car in typical Bertone fashion. The size of the concept car (4620 mm in length, 1971 mm wide, 1230 mm high, 2850 mm wheelbase) offers a compact sports car external dimensions with a large sports car interior feeling, all powered by a 4.7 litre, 450 CV 8-cylinder Alfa Romeo engine.

D

esigned by Franco Sbarro, this 1970’s-esque rocket is called the Autobau concept at the Geneva Motor Show and it is built to honor Swiss racer Fredy Lienhard. Looking at it, it’s no surprise that it seems to be dividing people in regards to its looks. The Sbarro Autobau is sure to tear up the pavement powered by a 500-horsepower 12-cylinder engine from Ferrari. Whether you love it or hate it, the Autobau is the only car of its kind at Geneva. While we mention the three-pointed front end, a la Speed Racer, it has also been compared with the Cylon Raider from Battlestar Galactica and the Pink Panther-mobile.

Photo: Thomas

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

Photos: Pascal Van Mele

Sbarro Autobau Concept Car


The Pandion is the first car produced by Mike Robinson in his new role as Design and Brand Director at Bertone. A pure ‘dream car’, the Pandion takes its rightful place as a member of Bertone’s historic Alfa Romeo family: cars that have always been style icons, influencing the history of the automobile and Italian craftsmanship in their excellent design quality, proving themselves to be undisputed benchmarks for the entire world of car design.

Presentation of the Pandion at the Geneva Motor show 2010

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

The name comes from the animal world, as Pandion Haliaetus is the scientific name for an Osprey: a sea hawk that nests and lives in coastal areas. The designers, led by Mike Robinson, have drawn inspiration from the wings of this predator to invent the spectacular door opening mechanisms, and from the hawks’ facial markings to project the traditional Alfa family feeling into the next era of design.

Presentation of the Pandion at the Geneva Motor show 2010 by Lilli Bertone, Mike Robinson and Marco Filippa,

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

The CITROËN DS4 production ready DS4 is the second model in Citroën’s distinctively-styled DS line. Citroën has released first details for the DS4.

D

S4 brings an alluring mixture of premium design codes and a bold approach to automotive styling, with an emphasis on driving pleasure and advanced vehicle architecture. DS4 is a model with a multitude of talents, effortlessly responding to a broad range of owner needs, while enhancing the appeal and vitality of the motoring experience.

The cockpit is dominated by the large panoramic windscreen that extends backwards into the roofline. Offering up to 45° of upward vision, the panoramic glazed area provides optimised visibility, with a bright and airy cabin environment for passengers.

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concept news

Photos: Pascal Van Mele

SUBARU HYBRID TOURER CONCEPT

Concept

The Subaru Hybrid Tourer Concept presents a breakthrough model created through the innovative evolution of “Grand Touring”. Subaru has condensed its DNA, developed over many years, around Subaru’s core technology of Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive (AWD) and Horizontally-Opposed engine, into the integration of a luxurious and high-quality cabin atmosphere and a sculpted form that cuts through the air. In addition to further evolutions in Subaru’s traditional handling agility, riding comfort and superior safety performance recognized around the world, the model proposes a future grand touring car that excels in environmental friendliness featuring Subaru’s unique hybrid system.

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Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

Design and packaging (1) Exterior The most striking feature is its unique gull-wing doors that emphasize its spacious interior. Subaru imagined wings with a feeling of freedom and confidence for driving far and wide in any environment. A luxurious and comfortable cabin, and advanced driving performance are contained within a sculpted aerodynamic form. The design features a combination of bright, open glass areas with a solid, reliable body. (2) Interior The original point of interior design for the ideal grand touring car is four independent and comfortably positioned seats. Passengers are enclosed within an atmosphere that provides a surpassing feeling of openness and stress-free reassurance, through the further pursuit of a human-centered philosophy, the essence of Subaru car design, and the incorporation of functions that are friendly to passengers. The top of the dashboard is movable up and down to provide an optimal driving environment for the driver according to driving conditions. A flat floor in the rear seat was achieved even with the implementation of AWD, for improved use of and movement within the cabin. Specialized shielding is incorporated in the windshield to reduce eyestrain on the driver.


FUTURISTIC TESLA EYE Concept

T

he EYE concept presented at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show by Turin-based IED. A futuristic concept car designed by the students of the Master of Arts in Transportation Design - work experience 2008/2009, in collaboration with Tesla Motors.

Photo: Thomas

Photo: Thomas The brief of the project was to develop the identity promoted by Tesla in order to reach a new objective: an everyday 2 + 2 sports car conceived to become a status-symbol, a car with engaging features and sports car performance targeted to young, cosmopolitan customers. EYE is the result of the work of eleven Master Course students, coordinated by Luca Borgogno, senior designer with Pininfarina and by Andrea Militello, Senior FIAT designer. The project was supervised by Franz von Holzhausen, Tesla Motors’ Chief Designer. Technical partners includeEYE Pirelli and OZ Racing. The EYE Concept was unveiled as a full scale model at the 80th International Geneva Motor Show last March.

SOFIA: The all new sedan FROM I.DE.A. INSTITUTE smooth and supple, the shape and profile are as enchanting and alluring as a female figure. The front and rear light clusters convey a captivating and inviting look. Sculpted lines emphasise the front and rear wings with the bird’s eye view showing off the car’s hourglass figure. This latest concept car is Italian to the core: its shape, its look, its elegance and name are instantly recognised as being synonymous with Italian styling and beauty. The mechanical layout is designed for an 8-cylinder

engine with front or rear-wheel drive. A hybrid configuration with an endothermic engine combined with an electrical alternator/actuator is also possible.

Photo: Pascal Van Mele

I.DE.A Institute launched the SOFIA sedan at the Geneva International Motor Show 2010 last March. Following last year’s success, I.DE.A Institute returns to Geneva for the 80th International Motor Show to present a 4-seater sedan designed to be powered by a hybrid engine. This concept car is symbolic of I.DE.A Institute’s continued drive to renew the company, which began in 2007. The styling by the new Design Center and the workmanship of the model makers and show car builders have together created this new “all-Italian” model, aptly named “SOFIA”. The sedan’s lines and shape reflect how the car is related to its forerunner, ERA, presented in Geneva last year. SOFIA is also inspired by the female form: its flanks, glance and elegance are emphasised by a glamorous red dress. SOFIA is a concentration of sportiness and elegance. The curves are graceful, the lines

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T I M I N G

F O R

The racers watch. The new Chronorally is the ultimate timepiece chosen by rally drivers, navigators and motoring enthusiasts alike. Whether competing or spectating, the Edox Chronorally is a sports timing instrument which can simultaneously measure elapsed time, accumulate stage times, recount/replay,

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Car Concept nÂş 4 Sept - October 2010

C H A M P I O N S whilst maintaining accurate standard time keeping functions. Essential as any onboard controls, the Chronorally sets the standards for those with a passion for motor sports. Edox - the official timing partner of the FIA World Rally Championships and Class-1 World Powerboat Championships. Edox â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Timing for Champions since 1884.


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coLuMn richArD cooKs

THE PACKARD CARIBBEAN 1953...

ONE OF A KIND

expenditure. We settled on terms. I would pay $50.00 a month for the next seven months. We shook hands, and the car was mine.

I

ntroduced as part of the Packard Cavalier model range, the 1953 Caribbean was perhaps Packard’s most easily identified car because of its full cutout rear wheel housing and side trim, limited to a chrome band outline that stretched the entire length of the car. The band also helped to further delineate the car’s wheel openings. A steel continental spare tire was also standard. The hood featured a broad, low leaded-in hood scoop. Bodies for the Caribbean were modified by Mitchell-Bentley Corporation of Ionia, Michigan. Available “advertised” colors for the car were limited to Polaris Blue, Gulf Green Metallic, Maroon Metallic or Sahara Sand. However, a mere handful of special-ordered cars were built in Ivory or Black. Interiors of the Caribbean were richly upholstered in leather. Most Caribbeans were also generously optioned, although the Ultramatic transmission and power windows were optional cost items on the first year model.

All it needed was a tune-up: plugs/points and oil change. From that time on, all I did was drive it and found it very dependable. I used it to haul lumber and building materials for a cabin I was restoring in Tampa. Florida. As time went by, I discovered ultramatic transmission problem. This was corrected by locating a standard transmission with overdrive, in a junkyard. This was installed with a clutch/slave cylinder, with the stick shift on the floor. No more mechanical problems but the cosmetics bothered me and I had it painted black. After retiring it 1975, I put the car in dry storage. Ten years later saw the beginning of its restoration. This was done in Lakeland, Florida. Body on restoration, as there was no rust at all to deal with. All the chrome was redone, engine/transmission overhauled, interior redone, and of course, it was repainted. Not satisfied with the Packard colors, I found the exact color I wanted on a 1987 Cadillac. After driving it to many car shows, I elected to change from six volt system to twelve volt. Now I could see at night.

“at total of 750 caribbeans were built for the first model year”

R

ichard Cooks told us - I became enamored of Packard Motor Cars when I was eight, and the love affair has lasted for seventy two years. I’ve owned six Packards in my lifetime but the story really begins with the last one: the 1953Caribbean. One day in 1958 while living in Lakeland, Florida, I had decided to cruise by my favorite used car lot. I took a quick glance at the last row of cars, where one could sometimes find a treasure or two. And, there it was: a very neglected-looking ‘53 Caribbean. I can’t say it was love at first sight, but there something there that compelled me to stop and take a better look. The dealer noticing my interest, immediately offered it up for $600.00, which I found pretty high considering the condition of the car. When he mentioned it was a one owner car from Miami, Florida my interest level went up. The car was only five years old, but had received no TLC. The car’s paint, which was white at the time, was weather worn and the seats were a cracked leather.

The car has been driven all over the United States. Last major trip was from St. Petersburg, Fl to Warren, Ohio for the 1999 Packard Centential and then on to Detroit, MI. to visit the Packard Plant as well as the Packard Proving Grounds and Track in Utica,MI. After three thousand miles of driving, it ran flawlessly. With overdrive, it averaged eighteen mpg Not bad for a two and a half ton car. Arriving back in St. Petersburg, I was invited to attend the Amelia Island Concours d’Elegance. Best show I ever attended! I still attend local shows, but, winning a trophy does nothing for me anymore. I have more trophies than I need, or want.

I offered $350.00, pointing out, in graphic detail, all that was ‘wrong’ with the car. He agreed on the $350.00 price for a car that had sold for $5200.00 just five years before. I added one small detail: that I had no money, as I had just begun a teaching job and was not prepared for this

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HERBERT NITSCH. AIRLINE PILOT. DEEPSEA DIVER. EXTREME RECORD BREAKER.

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peugeot sr1

T I M I N G

F O R

The racers watch. The new Chronorally is the ultimate timepiece chosen by rally drivers, navigators and motoring enthusiasts alike. Whether competing or spectating, the Edox Chronorally is a sports timing instrument which can simultaneously measure elapsed time, accumulate stage times, recount/replay,

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C H A M P I O N S whilst maintaining accurate standard time keeping functions. Essential as any onboard controls, the Chronorally sets the standards for those with a passion for motor sports. Edox - the official timing partner of the FIA World Rally Championships and Class-1 World Powerboat Championships. Edox – Timing for Champions since 1884.

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n editor noël van wilgenburg noel@carconceptmagazine.com Mob.: 0031 624 71 25 82

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

n editorial contributors william radtke francesc f. fontes richard cooks n contributors william radtke francesc f. fontes n photographer Pascal Van Mele thomas van wilgenburg n art Director noël van wilgenburg n advertisement manager wilma van Doornik wilma@carconceptmagazine.com

Most people do not keep their cars for fiftytwo years. I just never could think of a good reason to sell it. It is really a beautiful piece of automotive art, and when I don’t drive it, I can always go out to the garage and simply look at it. I play music to it while it’s resting. And, Oh, ...if that back seat could talk !

richard cooks - Packard Proving Grounds, in utica, Michigan - 1999

n Subscription Subscription 2010: € 59,- a year for 6 numbers, incl. VAT excl. porto. Individual number € 14,95 excl. porto CarConceptMagazine is published 6 times a year. n Subscription manager info@carconceptmagazine.com

Richars Cooks

Car Concept nº 4 Sept - October 2010

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Car Concept nยบ 4 Sept - October 2010

Profile for Noel van Wilgenburg

Carconcept Magazine nr 4  

Special number with the whole story of BUGATTI. Than PEUGEOT SR1, MASERATI Tramontane, CITROËN Survolt, CX, Jean Giret, FERRARI Aperta, HISP...

Carconcept Magazine nr 4  

Special number with the whole story of BUGATTI. Than PEUGEOT SR1, MASERATI Tramontane, CITROËN Survolt, CX, Jean Giret, FERRARI Aperta, HISP...

Profile for noel
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