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BÇsÇ2552

♣♣

PaK TIPaK2 TI2

cUrkMuePÂcxÂçn rkFmáGafá yksIl smaFi Pavna TIBwgenHCa suxsan¶eGIy . ♣

♣♣

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

visuTiìmKðE¨b

Bwg«¨trtna cit¶sTìa

visuTiìmKðE¨b ERbeday

sa®sþacarü rs´-saevn er[ber[geday Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n I G i

e:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTanecjBI

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

shrdðGaemrik

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2834 U.S.A.

elIkTI1

cMnYn 5ç000 k|al rkSasiTÆi

PaKTI2

BÇ sÇ 2552


2

bkrN_viesseQμa¼visuTi§mK:ERb

dl´RBm énbc©&yCaeRK]g t nUvGayu TukCakalman rEmgman

PaKTI 2

eRBaHPav;énkmμEdljúaMgbdisnÆioekIt Cakmμmanvi:kqÁin eday viessEtb¨ueNÑaH mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN; eRBaHGs´buNü .

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mrN;Na rEmgman edayGMNacénkiriyaGs´eTAénGayu man

‘mrNsSti’ ‘141’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkiriyacMerInnUv

mrNsSti bnÞab´GMBIeTvtanusStienH dl´ehIytamlMdab´. cUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kar

kñúgPB

mYy eQμaHzamrN; kñúgBaküza ²mrNsSti³ enaH. cMENkxag mrN;enHNa eBalKWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvTuk¡ kñúgvdþ énRBH GrhnþTaMgLay mrN;Na

mrNsStienaH

eQμaHza

eBalKWkiriyaEbkZøaykñúgxN;

smuecäTmrN;ç énsg¡arTaMgLay

mrN;enaH eQμaHza xNikmrN;ç mrN;Na kñúgRbeyaKTaMg Lay manRbeyaKdUecñHCaedImza ²eQIgab´ elah;gab´³ mrN; enaH eQμaHza smμtimrN; .

mrN; 3 RbkarenaH KWRBHman

RBHPaK minRTg´RBHbMNgykehIy kñúgnieTÞsenH . cMENkxag mrN;enHNa

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´RBHbMNgykehIy

mrN;enaH man 2 Rbkar KW; kalmrN; 1 GkalmrN; 1 . bNþamrN;TaMg 2 RbkarenaH kalmrN; rEmgmaneRBaHkiriya Gs´buNüxøH eRBaHGs´GayuxøH eRBaHGs´buNü nig GayuTaMg 2 xøHç GkalmrN; rEmgman edayGMNacénkmμEdlcUleTApþac´ bg´nUvkmμ . k*bNþamrN;TaMg 2 enaH mrN;Na nakalkiriya

RbmaNRtwmEtmYyryqñaM

bIdUcCaGayurbs´burs

kñúgeBlsBV

ézáenH eRBaHkiriyaminmanénsm|tþi manKti kal nig Gahar Ca edIm mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN;eRBaHGs´Gayu. cMENkmrN; Na mandl´buK<lTaMgLay Gñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g t ‘nUvGayu’ RtUvkmμEdlGackñúgkiriyajúaMgstVoXøatcakTI

kñúgxN;enaHÉg

cUleTApþac´bg´ dUcCamnusS:bTaMgLay manRBH:TTusImar nig RBH:TklaBuCaedImkþI

dl´buK<lTaMgLayGñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g

t ‘nUvGayu’ cUleTApþac´bg´ edayesckþIBüayam mankiriyaeRbI nUveRK]gs®sþaCaedIm edayGMNacénkmμ EdlmankñúgkalmunkþI mrN;enH eQμaHza GkalmrN; . elakse®g<aHehIy

mrN;TaMgGs´enaH KW

edaykiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

man

RbkardUc:neBalmkehIy . esckþIrlwknUvesckþIsøab´ eBal KWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

dUcEzøgmkenH

eQμaHza

mrNsSti . ‘viZIcMerInmrNsSti’ RBHeyaKavcrGñkmanbMNgedIm|IcMerInmrNsStienaH Kb|I eTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjcakGarmμN¾ smáMenA eTaHbIjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yénR:C\a za ²esckþIsøab´ng w man CIviti-


visuTÆimK< ERb

3

®nÞiy nwgdac´sUnü³ dUecñHkþI ß za ²mrN;>³ dUecñHkþI .

4

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRBaHza

kaljúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH eQμaHza oRbRBwtþeTA

kalRBHeyaKavcr júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yminCa

edayó:yénR:C\a GZib|ayza oRbRBwtþeTAedayó:y . Bit

R:C\aç esckþIesakrEmgekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþI

EmnehIy

søab´ énCnCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIesak ekIteLIg kñúgkiriya

y¨agdUecñHÉgç nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ç sti Edlman

rlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´ énkUnCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´matabeg,It

mrN;CaGarmμN¾ rEmgtaMgenARBmç kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvóbcar;

y¨agdUecñaHÉgç esckþIR:emaC¢ rEmgekIteLIg kñúgkarrlwker]y>

EmnBit .

kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH

nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnminCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIR:emaC¢ ekIt eLIg dl´CnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay kñúgkarrlwker]y> nUvesckþI

júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA

‘karrlwkedayGakar; 8’ Etza

kmμdðan

minmandl´RBHeyaKavcrNa

edayehtu

søab´ énCnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay dUecñaHEdrç esckþIsegVK nwg

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH RBHeyaKavcrenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvesckþI

minekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnCakNþal

søab´ edayGakar; 8 enH KW ;

dUcCaesckþIsegVK minekIteLIg dl´CnGñkdutnUvsaksB kñúg

edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat 1ç

kiriyaeXIjnUvsaksBénexμac dUecñaHç esckþItk´søút rEmgekIt

edayvibtþiénsm|tþi 1ç

eLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´rbs´xøÜn dUcCaesckþI

edayesckþIeRb[beZ[b 1ç

tk´søút ekIteLIgdl´CnGñkRbkbedayCatiCaGñkxøac eRBaHeXIj

edaykayCasaZarN;dl´stVeRcIn 1ç

nUveBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIg .

edayGayumankmøaMgexSay 1ç

karekIteLIgénesckþIesak

CaedImTaMgGs´enHenaH rEmgman dl´buK<lGñkEdlenAR:scak

edayCIvitminmaneRK]gsm<al´ 1ç

sti segVK; nig jaN .

edaykiriyakMNt´nUvkal 1ç

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

rmilemIl nUvstVEdlRtUveKsmøab´ nwgstVEdlsøab´ehIy kñúg TIenaH>

ehIyBicarNa

nUvesckþIsøab´

ehIy

mansm|tþiEdlxøÜnZøab´eXIjehIy

edayCIvitmanxN;tic 1 .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI1’

rbs´BYkstVEdlsøab´ ehIyRbkbnUvsti

‘142’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²vZkb|c©úbdðaneta³ man

segVK; nig jaN ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayn&y

esckþIza edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat . GZib|ayza RBH

CaedIm za ²esckþIsøab´nwgman³ dUecñH . eRBaHza RBHeyaKavcr

eyaKavcr Kb|Irlwker]y> za ; eBCÄXat Kitza ²Gjnwgkat´


visuTÆimK< ERb

5

nUvk|alénbursenH³ dUecñHehIy cab´ykdavmkpÞab´Rtg´-k Qr enAR:kd y¨agNamijç sUm|IesckþIsøab´k*R:kdy¨agenaHEdr . sYrza eRBaHehtuGIV/ . eqøIyza eRBaHesckþIsøab´mkehIy CamYy nwgCatipg eRBaHvanaMyknUvCIviteTApg . dUcCapSitk|alBs´enA RkBMu TUlykGacm¾dI puseLIg y¨agNamijç stVTaMgLayEtg naMyknUvCra nig mrN; ehIyekIteLIg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . Bit dUecñaHEmn bdisniÆcitþ énstVTaMgLayenaH k*rEmgdl´nUvesckþI RKaMRKa kñúglMdab´énkiriyaekIteLIgenaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay mYy GenøIedayxnÆEdlRbkbRBmehIyTaMgLay dUcCadMuzμEdlrem[l Zøak´cuHmkBIelIkMBUlPñM ‘Ebk’ y¨agenaHEdr .

xNikmrN; mk

ehIy mYyGenøIedayCatimun y¨agenHÉg . EtsUm|ImrN; Edl elakbMNgykehIy

kñúgmrNsStienH

k*mkehIy

mYyGenøI

edayCati eRBaHstVEdlekItmkehIyRtUvEtsøab´EmnBit. eRBaH ehtuenaH stVenH cab´edImGMBIkalEdlekItmkehIy k*manmux eq¬aHeTAkan´esckþIsøab´ eTAminRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc eRb[b:nnwgRBHGaTitü

EdlrHeLIgehIy

manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TI

taMgenAmin:n ecHEteTA minRtLb´vij GMBITIEdlxøÜneTAehIy> sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc BMuenaHesat eRb[bdUcCasÞwgtUc hUrZøak´cuHGMBI PñM

manExSTwkel]n

naMyknUvvtæúEdlKYrnaMykeTA

ecHEthUreTA

ecHEtRT:j´eTAEtmüa¨g minRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IEtbnþicbnÜþc k*y¨agenaHEdr . eBalza ;

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGeyaXkumareBaZistV

6

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

stV enAkñúgK(P Gs´raRtINamYyCadMbUg stVenaH

RbRBwtþeTA dUcCaBBkEdltaMgeLIg stVenaHecH EteTAer]y> minEdlRtLb´vilvijeT ‘1’ .

mYyeT[t kalstVenaH ecHEteTA y¨agdUecñHç esckþIsøab´ ecHEtmkCitbeg,Iy dUcCakiriyarIgsáÜténsÞwgtUcTaMgLay Edl RtUvkMedAézá

kñúgKimØrdUvpg

dUcCakarZøak´cuH

énEpøeQITaMgLay

EdlmanTgRbRBwtþeTAtamrsénGae: kñúgeBlRBwkpg dUcCakar EbkZøay énPaCn;dITaMgLay EdlRtUveKvaybMEbkehIy eday dMbgbYnRCugpg nig dUcCakarkMcat´bg´nUvtMNk´ énTwksenSImTaMg Lay EdlRtUvrsμIRBHGaTitüBal´RtUvehIypg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Kaza 3 CadMbUg nig RBHeBaZistV eBalKaza TI 4 za ;

ézánigyb´ ecHEtknøgeTAç CIvitecHEtzycuH

mkç Gayurbs´stVTaMgLayecHEtGs´eTA dUcCa

TwksÞwgtUc ecHEtrIgsáÜteTA y¨agenaHÉg ‘2’ .

EpøeQITaMgLayEdlTMuehIy EtgP&yGMBIkar

RCuHcuHcakedIm GMBIRBlwm y¨agNamijç stVTaMg

LayEdlekItmkehIy

EtgP&yGMBIesckþIsøab´

Gs´kalCanic© k*y¨agdUecñaHHEdr .

PaCn¾dIEdlnaysμÚnqñaMgeZVIehIy eTaHtUckþI

1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 60 TMB&r 142 . 2- sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI29 TMB&r 297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

7

ZMkþI qÁinkþI eqAkþI suTÆEtmankarEbkZøayeTACaTI

8

vibtþieTA:nenaH BitCaminmanesaHeLIy .

bMputTaMgGs´ y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMg

RKgsm|tþielIEpndITaMgmUl RTg´cayRBHraCRTBü

TwksenSIm elIcugesμA EtgRCuHZøak´ eRBaH

100 ekadi RTg´dl´nUvPaBCaZM kñúgTIbMput énvtæú

kiriyarHeLIg énRBHGaTitü y¨agNamijç Gayu k*y¨agenaHEdrç

sUmEm¨kMuhamXat´x\úMeLIy .

RtwmEtEpøknÞÜtéRB

bBiRtEm¨

kayenaHÉg

mYyeT[t mrN;enHenaH ecHEtnaMyknUv

CIviteTAEtmüa¨g luHnaMykeTAehIy k*minnaMykmkvijeLIy dUc CaeBCÄXatenaH naMykdav‘dak´’Rtg´-k dUecñaHÉg .

eRBaHehtu

enaH esckþIsøab´ eQμaHzaCaZmμCatR:kdEmnBit dUceBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIgehIy eRBaHmrN;mkehIy CamYynwgCatipg

nakal

edaycMNgKWrag

RBHGg<RTg´manRBHP®kþeq¬aHeTArk

esckþIsøab´ RTg´CYbnUvesckþIesakesA . mYyeT[t

esckþIminmaneraKTaMgGs´

manBüaZiCaTIbMput

v&yTaMgGs´ manCraCaTIbMput CIvitTaMgGs´ manesckþIsøab´CaTI bMput

elaksnñivasTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

edjtamehIy ehIy .

eRBaHnaMyknUvCIviteTACamYypg dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

KWCatieTAtamehIy

RtUvBüaZiRKbsg,t´ehIy

eRBaHehtudUecñaH

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ;

Tl´nwgGakas kalebIrebIkZøak´mk k*Kb|Irem[l sg,t´ ‘nUvstVTaMgLay’ edayCMuvijRKb´TisTaMg

dUecñHÉg .

bYn y¨agNamijç Cra nigmrN; EtgRKbsg,t´

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI2’

nUvstVTaMgLay eTaHCakSRtkþI RBahμN¾kþI Gñk

‘143’ bTza ²sm|tiþvibtþieta³ GZib|ayza ; drabNa

CMnYjkþI Gñk®KYkþI eTaHCamnusScNÐal nig Gñk

vibtþi minRKbsg,t´nUvsm|tþienaH drabenaH eQμaHzasm|tþi kñúg elakenH EtgenAlÁsÁat .

ecalsMramkþI

Etza eQμaHzasm|tþi EdlknøgnUv

suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 16 TMB&rTI 256 .

EtgjaMjITaMgGs´

minmanelIk

ElgstVNanImYyesaHeLIy k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg . 1–

sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI

KWCra

RtUvmrN;kMcat´bg´

PñMTaMgLay EdlCazμtan´d*ZM ‘1’ mankMBUlx¬s´

rlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat y¨ag

1–

Bak´kNþalbu¨eNÑaHç

buNümkdl´kiriyaGs´ehIy

mrN;mkehIyCamYynwgCati dUcCaeBCÄXat mandavga eLIgehIy y¨agenH .

BitdUecñaHEmn

sUm|IRBH:TGesak RTg´manesckþIsux RTg´RKb´

Lay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr ‘1’ .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

9

10

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgCra nig mrN;enaH PUmiénBldMrI minman PUmi

CaGñkmanysZM’ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eT[t «tmanGñkNamYy GacykQñH ‘nUvCra

CaGñkmanysZM y¨agenHCamunza; esckþIsøab´enH minmanesckþI

énBlrzminman PUmiénBlezμIreCIg minmanç mYy nig mrN;enaH’ edays®g<am edayGaz(kM:Mg ß edayRTBü:neLIy .

vibtþiKWmrN; CaTIbMputénsm|tþiKWCIvit dUceBalmkenH . RBHeyaKavcr kalkMNt´Pav;énCIvit manesckþIsøab´ CaTIbMput enaH Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edayvibtþicaksm|tþi .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI3’ ‘144’ bTza ²óbsMhrNeta³ xøÜnCamYynwgBYkCndéT .

KWedaykareRb[beZ[b

kñúger]genaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Irlwk

esckþIsøab´er]y> edaykareRb[beZ[b edayGakar; 7 KW ;

ysmhtþeta edayPaBCaGñkmanysZMç buJ¦mhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcInç

zammhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmankmøaMgeRcInç

«TÆimhtþeta bJ¦amhtþeta bec©kBuTÆeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcInç edayPaBCaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcInç edayPaBCaRBHbec©kBuTÆç

smμasm¬úTÆmhtþeta

edayPaBCaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆç

‘ysmhtþeta’ sYrza ;

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sgS&yeLIy Zøak´cuHelIRBHraCaTaMgLay cab´epþImGMBIesþcRTg´ RBHnammhasmμt; esþcRTg´RBHnammnÆatu esþcRTg´RBHnammha suTsSn; esþcRTg´RBHnamTL$enmi GñkmanysZMmanbrivareRcIn manRTBü nig manBahn;eRcIn caM:c´eBaleTAzVI esckþIsøab´nwg minZøak´mkelIxøÜnGj .

Gñ k manysZM TaM g Lay mhasmμ t ;CaedI m

manesþ c RTg´ R BHnam

Caesþ c RbesI r

Gm|al

y¨agesþcTaMgenaH Kg´dl´ehIynUvGMNac énmc©ú caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

‘buJ¦mhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

esdðITaMgLayenH KW esdðIeQμaHeCatiy; eQμaH Cdil;

eQμaHóK<;

esdðIeQμaHbuNÑ;

eQμaHemNÐk;

BMuenaHesat

nig CnTaMgLayÉeT[t Edl


visuTÆimK< ERb

11

suTÆEtl|I> za CaGñkmanbuNüd*eRcIn kñúgelak GñkTaMgGs´enaH suTÆEtdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

12

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RBHGK<sav&k TI2 Na CaGñkRbesIrCagbuK<lGñk manb\TÆiTaMgLay kaljúaMgevCynþR:saTmino keRmIk edayRtwmEtcugemeCIg RBHGK<sav&k TI 2 enaH

Kg´cUleTAkan´mat´énmc©ú

mYyGenøIedayGñkmanb\TÆiTaMgLay dUcCaRmwKcUl

‘zammhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eTAkan´mat´énsIh; caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<l TaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bJ¦amhtþeta’

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

RBHvasueTB

RBHBleTB

RBHPImesn;

RBH

yudðil; sUm|Ihnur; GñkcM:b´ZM> dl´ehIy nUv GMNacénesckþIsøab´ GñkTaMgenaHÉgEdlsuTÆEt CaGñkl|I> dl´ehIynUvPaBCaGñkmankmøaMg kñúg elak y¨agenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´ eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lR:kddUcGj dUecñH .

‘«TÆimhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

EdlKYroRBWxøac

CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

elIkElgEtRBHelaknazecj stVTaMgLayNa déTeT[t

EdlmanstVTaMgLayenaH

mindl´

nUvcMNit TI16 EdleKEckehIy Gs´fan; 16 dg énbJ¦arbs´RBHsarIbuRtç RBHGK<sav&k TI1 eQμaHza CaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn y¨agenH dl´ehIy nUvGMNacénesckþIsøab´

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

kñúg

buK<lTaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bec©kBuTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB


visuTÆimK< ERb

13

CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

14

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mansIlk¡nÆd*brisuTÆsÁat edayGakar;TaMgBYgCaedIm dl´ehIy

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

nUveRtIy énPaBCaGñkmanysZM PaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn PaB

CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUecñH za ; sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgLayenaHNa

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn PaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn nig PaBCaGñkman

eZVInUvkiriyajaMjIsRtUv KWkielsTaMgBYg edayBl;KWjaN nig

bJ¦aeRcIn minmanbuK<lesμI esμIedaybuK<lminmanbuK<lesμI min

vIriy; rbs´xøÜn :ndl´nUvbec©ksem¬aZi CaRBHsymÖÚ dUcCakuy

manbuK<leRb[b manbuK<leRb[bminman CaRBHGrhnþ Rtas´dwg

rmasç

edayRbéBç

sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgenaH

k*minrYcputehIyGMBIesckþIsøab´

cuHeyIgnwgrYcputGMBITINa:n .

dl´ehIynUvkiriyaGs´eTA

RTg´sáb´rmáab´ehIy

edayfan; edaykiriyaZøak´cuHéntMNk´TwkePø{g KWmrN; eRb[b

RBHmehsITaMgLayÉNa GaRs&ynUvnimitþenaH> BicarNa

sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

énGasav;

edayetCHénjaNCaRBHsymÖÚ eRb[bdUcCakuy

dUcCaKMnrePøIgd*ZM rlt´edaykiriyaZøak´cuHénRKab´ePø{gKWTwk .

ZmμtaesckþIsøab´enaHNa

pSayGMNacmkdl´

RBHmehsI GñkmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH eday

rmas eRBaHkiriyaRtac´eTAnigenAEtmñak´Égç sUm|I

mi n manesckþ I x ø a c

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa

xμas minmanekatjejIt jaMjInUvstVTaMgGs´

RBHmehsITaMgLayenaH k*knøgnUvmc©úBMu:neLIy Gj dUecñH .

‘smμasm¬úTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eLIy

edaymi n manesckþ I x μ a s

esckþIsøab´enHenaH

EdlminmanesckþI

nwgminmkRKbsg,t´nUvstV R:kddUcCaGj dUc emþc:n dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

eRb[beZ[bxøÜn

mYyGenøIedayCn

TaMgLaydéT EdlbribUredayPaBCaZM manPaBCaGñkmanysZM

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaedIm edayPaBCaGñkmanmrN;esμIKña dUecñHeehIy rlwker]y>

CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUecñHza ; sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKenaHNa man

za ²esckþIsøab´ nwgmandl´GjEdr dUcmandl´BYkstVviess

RBHrUbkayviciRt edaymhaburislk¡N; 32 Rbkar Rbdab´ehIy

TaMgLayenaH³ dUecñHehIy kmμdðan nwgdl´óbcar;Bit .

edayGnuBüJ¢n; 80 manRBHZmμkaysMercehIy edayKuNrtn;

eyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edaykareRb[beZ[by¨agenH .

RBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

15

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI4’

16

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kiriyaZøak´cuH énóbRTBüTaMgLayenaHEmnBit .

bTza ²kayBhusaZarNeta³ esckþIza TUeTA

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

dl´stVeRcIn KWTUeTAdl´hVÚvdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 BYk edayBit .

Pikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH kalebIézáknøgeTAehIy yb´

bNþahVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgenaH dg,ÚvEdlGaRs&ynUvEs|ksm|úrézá EtgsIu

mkdl´vij EtgBicarNadUecñHza; ehtuénesckþIsøab´ rbs´Gatμa

nUvEs|ksm|úrézá

Gj maneRcInNas´etI ‘dUcCa’ Bs´cwkGatμaGjkþI xÞÜyTicGatμa

‘145’

EdlGaRs&ynUvEs|k

EtgTMBasIunUvEs|k

EdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ EtgTMBasIunUvsac´ EdlGaRs&ynUvsrés EtgTMBasIunUvsrés

EdlGaRs&ynUvqÁwg

EtgTMBasIunUvqwÁg

EdlGaRs&yxYrkñúgqÁwg EtgTMBasIunUvxYrkñúgqÁwg vaekIt cas´ søab´ benÞabg´óc©ar; nig bsSav; dak´kñúgsrIrRbeTsenaHÉg .

k*rag

kay CapÞHsMrab´ekIt Cam®nÞIreBTü CasaksB CaéRBsμsan Ca bg<n´ nig CasñÚksMrab´benÞabg´bsSav; énhÚVgdg,ÚvTaMgLayenaH ragkayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´ edaykiriyakMerIk énhVÚg dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kayenH CaTUeTAdl´hVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 hVÚg

GjkþI EkÁbxaMGatμaGjkþI GatμaGjnwgsøab´ GnþrayenaH nwgman dl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtBs´cwkCaedImenaH GatμaGjPøat´dYlkþI PtþEdlGatμaGjbriePaKehIyhl´kþI

kþI esøsμrbs´GatμaGjkeRmIkkþI kgxül´dUcs®sþavuZ rbs´Gatμa Gj keRmIkkþI BYkmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI BYkGmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI

EdlmankñúgxageRkA KWstVmanBisTaMgLay manBs´ nig xÞÜy CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRb[bdUcCaeRK]gRbharTaMgLay man kUnsr lMEBg p<ak´ nig dMuzμCaedIm EdlmkehIyGMBITisTaMgBYg rEmgZøak´cuH kñúgvg´CaeRK]gkMNt´EdleKtm,l´TukehIy elIpøÚvZM

kayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´

eday

GnþrayenaH

nwg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykayCa TUeTA dl´stVnigbc©&y énesckþIsøab´eRcInRbkar y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI5’ ‘146’

bTza ²GayuTuBVleta³ esckþIza ZmμtaGayunu@H

minmankMLaMg mankMLaMgexSay .

BitdUecñaHEmn CIvit rbs´stV

TaMgLay Cab´Tak´Tgedayxül´dkdegØImcUlecj 1 Cab´Tak´Tg eday«riyabz 1

Cab´Tak´Tg edayRtCak´ekþA 1

Cab´Tak´Tg

edaymhaPUtrUb 1 Cab´Tak´TgedayGahar 1 . CIvitenHenaH kal:nnUvPaBRbRBwtþieTAesμI énxül´dkdegØIm

EbkCabYn y¨agNaç óbRTBTaMgBYgTaMgLay k*Zøak´cuHelIkay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

GatμaGjnwgsøab´

mandl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtPøat´dYlCaedImenaH ‘1’ ³ .

y¨agNamijç ‘kayenH’ k*CaTUeTAdl´bc©&yTaMgLay énesckþI søab´ EdlRbRBwtþeTABÆd*xagkñúghñwgÉg :ndl´eraKeRcInryCMBUk

Rbmat´rbs´GatμaGjkMerIk

1–

suÇ GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 317 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

17

cUl nig xül´dkdegIØmecjhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n .

18

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*bu¨Enþ

kalebIxül´kñúgRcmuH EdlecjeTAxageRkAehIy mincUlmkxag

RBHeyaKavcr

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI6’ ‘147’ bTza ²Gnimitþeta³ KW edayminmankMNt´ esckþI

eQμaHza søab´ehIy . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

za edayminmanénkarkMNt´ .

én«riyabzTaMgLaybYnhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n b¨uEnþeRBaHPav;

1 kEnøgsMrab´dak´cuHnUvragkay 1 Kti 1 rbs´

dac´sUnü . CIvitenH

vinas . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énmhaPUtrUbTaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n bu¨EnþeRBaHbNþa bfvIZatu ß bNþaZatuTaMgLay manGae:ZatuCaedIm ZatuNa mYykeRmIk buK<lsUm|IbribUrehIyedaykMLaMg k*CaGñkmankay rwgRkj¨g´xøH

mankayrlYysÁúyesAhμg

edayGMNacéneraK

kñúgCIvelak

minmannimitþ

KWGñk

NamYy k*dwgmin:nEdr .

bu¨Enþkal

ebIbuK<lRtUvRtCak´éRkeBkkþI ekþAéRkeBkkþI RKbsg,t´ehIy rEmg

mYyeT[t

stVTaMgLay

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énRtCak´ nig ekþATaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

EmnBit

Zm(TaMgLay 5 enH KW CIvit 1 BüaZi 1 kal

én«riyabzNamYy> ‘RbRBwtþeTA’ hYsRbmaN Gayusg¡ar eTIb

mYyeT[t

edayGayu

mankMLaMgexSay dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

kñúgvijkþI kalebIxül´EdlcUleTAehIy minecjmkvijkþI buK<l

mYyeT[t

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

bNþaZm(TaMgLay 5 enaH eQμaHza CIvit minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´za ²stVKb|Irs´enA Gs´kalmanRbmaN bu¨eNÑHÉg minKb|Irs´enA xagmuxbnÞab´GMBIenHeT³ dUecñHCaedIm . d|itza

stVTaMgLay

søab´kñúgkalEdlxøÜnenACakll;k*man

kñúgkalenACaGm¬úT; Caebsi CaXn; enAkñúgKP(:n 1 Ex :n 2 Ex :n 3 Ex :n 4 Ex :n 5 Ex nig :n 10 Ex k*man kñúg sm&yEdlecjcaképÞk*man bnÞab´BIenaHmk søab´xagkñúg 100 qñaMk*man xageRkA ‘elIsGMBI’ 100 qñaM k*mandUcKñaEdr .

maneraKZøak´QamCaedImxøH manesckþIekþARkhayd*ZMRKbsg,t´xøH

ÉBüaZi eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankiriyakMNt´za

CaGñkmantMN nig cMNgdac´xøH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTAénCIvit .

²stVTaMgLay søab´edayBüaZienHEtbu¨eNÑaH minsøab´edayBüaZi

mYyvijeT[t kalebIbuK<l :nnUvkvLig,arahar kñúgkal d*smKYrbu¨eNÑaH

CIvit

eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

bu¨EnþkalebImin:nnUv

Gahar vak*dl´nUvkiriyaGs´eTAEtmþg y¨agenHÉg .

déTeT[teT³ . man

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´edayeraKkñúgEPñk k*

edayeraKNamYy

Rtec[kCaedImk*man .

kñúgcMeNameraKTaMgLay

maneraKkñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

19

20

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs ‘148’ bTza ²GTÆanbriecäTeta³ esckþIza Zmμtakal én

sUm|Ikal k*eQμaHzaminmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza ; stVKb|Isøab´ kñúgkalenHÉg minsøab´kñúgkaldéT

CIvit

eLIy .

mnusSNa rs´enAGs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enARtwmEt 100

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´kñúgeBlRBwkk*man søab´

kñúgeBlNamYy kñúgcMeNameBlézáRtg´CaedImk*man .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

kñúgeBl«LÚvenH

manRbmaNticç

qñaM rs´enACag 100 qñaMenH k*manxøHEdr EtticeT .

eRBaHehtu

Ékardak´cuHnUvragkay k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHmin

enaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gayu

mankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza; ²kalstVTaMgLaysøab´eTA ragkay

rbs´mnusSTaMgLayenH ticNas´ stVEdlRtUveTAkan´brelak

Kb|IZøak´cuH kñúgTIenHEtbu¨eNÑaH minZøak´cuHeTA kñúgTIdéTeLIy³ .

KYreZVIkusl

d|itza GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekItehIy xagkñúgpÞH

eQμaHza

Zøak´cuH xageRkApÞHk*man GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekIt

rs´enA Gs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enA :nRtwmEt 100 qñaM ß

ehIy xageRkApÞH EtgZøak´cuHeTA xagkñúgpÞHk*man .

zycuHmkk*man elIsCagbnþick*man ‘1’ ³ eRBaHehtudUecñH

dUcKñaenaHEdr

edayn&y

KYrRbRBwtþRBhμcriyZm(

minsøab´minmaneLIyç

bNÐit Kb|I ‘BN(na’ o:nBisþar edayRbkarCa

ex¬ImeqÁImGayuenaH buK<lKYrxMRbRBwtþ ‘sucrit’ dUc

EdlekItehIykñúgTwk Zøak´cuH elIeKakk*man .

buK<lEdlePøIgkMBugeqHk|al ‘eRBaH’ dMeNIrmin

ÉKti k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨ag

mk énesckþIsøab´ minmaneT dUecñH .

enHza ; stVEdlcüútcakKtienH Kb|IekItkñúgKtienH . eRBaHza

ekItkñúgelakNamYy

kñúgcMeNam

elakTaMgLaymaneTvelakCaedImk*man eRBaHehtuenHy¨agdUecñH elakEtgvilvl´eTA

kñúgKti

ynþ edIrvilvl´dUecñaHÉg .

5

dUcCaeKaEdleKTwmehIy

kñúg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´

er]y> edayCIvitminmannimitþ y¨agenHÉg .

mnusSNa

Gayu rbs´mnusSTaMgLay mantic sb|úrsKYr

elIeKak Zøak´cuHkñúgTwkk*man ßza GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLay

EdlcüútcakmnusSelak

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

‘niKmKaza’

eRcIn dUecñHCaedImza ; GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLayEdlekItehIy

stVTaMgLay EdlcüútcakeTvelak ekItkñúgmnusSelakk*man

stVEdlekItmkehIy

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´eT[tza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay er]g Zøab´manmkehIy

manRKU eQμaHGrk;³ dUecñHCaedIm .

RBHsURtEdlRbdab´edayóbma 7 Rbkar TaMgBYg bNÐit Kb|I ‘naMykmkBN(na’ o:nBisþar . RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´RBHsURtdéTeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay r

1–

suÇ

sMÇ

sKÇ

PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

21

22

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUc

cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@

emþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´yb´nigézá GatμaGj Kb|IeZVI

oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;EdldkdegØImcUl ehIyecj

TukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|I

ß dkdegØImecj ehIycUl GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBakü

eZVIkic©kar o:neRcIn dUecñHkIþç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na cMerIn

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n

mrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμa

eRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Gm|alenH ehAza minman

Gj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´ 1 ézá

esckþIRbmaTenA

GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBakü

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n eRcIn dUecñHkþIç enH za ;

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨ag

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Rtwmqan´cgØan´

biNÐ:tmþg GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç

Pikú¡

BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Pikú¡Gm|alenH

ehAza

manesckþIRbmaTenA

eLIy cMerInmrNsSti edIm|IeZVIoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay yÅt yUreT dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cMENkPikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ;

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|I

rs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 1 BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK Gatμa Gj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na

edIm|IoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

Lay y¨agqan´rh&s ‘1’ ³ dUecñHÉg . kalénCIvit ticNas´ KWbuK<lminKYrTukcitþ RtwmEtkiriya TMBasIunUvBMnUt:y 4 ß 5 BMnUt y¨agdUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

mankalkMNt´ y¨agenHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI8’

Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþc hñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 4 ß 5

cMerInmrNsSti

‘149’

bTza

²xNbritþeta³

esckþIza

ebItambrmtæ

xN;énCIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay ticeBkNas´ RtwmEtkarRbRBwtþi eTAéncitþEtmYybu¨eNÑaHÉg . eRb[bdUcCakg´rz sUm|IkMBugRbRBwtþ eTA EtgRbRBwtþeTA edayRbeTs énxñgkg´Etm¡agbu¨eNÑaH sUm|I kMBugfitenA

k*rEmgfitenA

edayRbeTsénxñgkg´m¡agbu¨eNÑaHEdr

y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay RbkbedayxN; éncitþ EtmYy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr kalebIcitþenaHrlt´ehIy stV eKsnμt oeQμaHza rlt´ehIy . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²kñúgxN; éncitþCaGtIt; 1– suÇ

GMÇ GÇ

stV eQμaHza rs´enAehIy minrs´enA

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 314 .


visuTÆimK< ERb nwgminrs´enA

kñúgxN;

23

éncitþCaGnaKt

stV

24

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

minrs´enAehIy

ZmμCatKYrsegVKpg QanenH CaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´Rtwm

minkMBugrs´enA ‘Et’ eQμaHzanwgrs´enA kñúgxN;éncitþCabc©úb|nñ

Etóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH. cMENkelakutþrCÄan nig Garub|CÄan TI2 nig

stV minrs´enAehIy ‘Et’ eQμaHza kMBugrs´enA nwgminrs´enA

TI4 dl´Gb|na sUm|IkñúgsPavZm(eRBaHCaPavnaBiess. EmnBit

CIvit GtþPaB sux nig Tuk¡ TaMgGs´ Rbkbeday xN;citþEtmYy eRBaHxN;RbRBwtþrh&sç xnÆTaMg LayNa

rbs´buK<lEdlsøab´eTAkþI

rs´enAkþI

rlt´ehIy kñúgelakenH xnÆTaMgGs´enaH k*dUc Kña eTAbdisnÆieT[tmin:nç stVelak minEmn ekItehIy

edayxnÆCaGnaKt

EdlminTan´ekIt

ehIy minEmnrs´enA kñúgbc©úb|nñeT stVelak søab´ edaykarEbkZøayéncitþ ‘enHKW’ CabJ¦tþi Rbkbedaybrmtæ RBHeyaKavcr

elakutþrCÄan dl´nUvGb|na edayGMNaclMdab´énvisuTÆiPavna . Garub|CÄan dl´Gb|na edayGMNacPavnaEdlknøgnUvGarmμN¾. eRBaHza kñúgGarub|CÄanenaH manRtwmEtkiriyaknøgnUvGarmμN¾ én Qan Edldl´ehIynUvGb|nabu¨eNÑaH . bu¨EnþkñúgmrNsStienH ‘visuTÆiPavnanuk,m; nig GarmμNsmtik,m;’ TaMgBIrenaHÉg minman eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbCaQan dl´RtwmEtóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH . Qan enHenaH dl´nUvkarrab´za mrNsSti EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan enaH CaZmμCatekIteLIgedaykMLaMgénkarrlwkdl´esckþIsøab´ .

‘GanisgSénkarcMerInmrNsSti’

‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

manxN;tictYc y¨agdUecñHÉg .

k*Pikú¡EdlRbkber]y> nUvmrNsStienH CaGñkminRbmaT Cab´Canic©

:nnUvGnPirtisJ¦a

kñúgPBTaMgBYg lHbg´nUvesckþI

GaeLaHGal&y kñúgCIvit CaGñktiHed[l:b CaGñkmineRcIn eday

‘mrNsStiCÄan’ kalebIRBHeyaKavcr sUm|Irlwker]y> edayGakar;Na mYy kñúgcMeNamGakar;TaMg 8 enH y¨agdUecñH

citþ rEmg:nnUv

karsnSM

CaGñkmanmnÞil

KWesckþIkMNaj´

kñúgbrik¡arTaMgLay

eTAR:sehIy . sUm|IGnic©sJ¦a k*dl´nUvkarsÞat´CMnaj sMrab´

Gaesvn; ‘karesB’ edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> sti

Pikú¡enaH .

EdlmanesckþIsøab´CaGarmμN¾

nIvrNZm(TaMg

Pikú¡enaH’ tamlMGanénGnic©sJ¦aenaHÉg . stVTaMgLay Edl

Lay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ Gg<QanTaMgLayrEmgekItR:kd . bu¨Enþ

min:nGb´rMGMBIesckþIsøab´ kñúgevlaCitsøab´ rEmgdl´nUvesckþI

rEmgtaMgenAmaM

eRBaHGarmμN¾ ‘rbs´QanenH’ CasPavZm(pg 1–

suÇ xuÇ mhaÇ

PaKTI 64 TMB&rTI 78 .

eRBaHGarmμN¾Ca

mYyeT[t Tuk¡sJ¦a nig GntþsJ¦a rEmgR:kd ‘dl´

xøac esckþItk´søút esckþIvegVg dUcmnusSEdlRtUvRmwKkac yk¡ Bs´

ecar nig eBCÄXat RKbsg,t´ehIy Pøam>

y¨agNamijç


visuTÆimK< ERb

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26

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡enaH mindl´zñak´y¨agenHeT CaGñkminP&y CaGñkminvegVg eZVI

mYyKñaedaymK<b|J¦aenaH’ nig pl ‘Grhtþpl’ . Zm(mYyy¨ag

mrNkal. RbsinebIPikú¡enaH mineRtkGrnUvRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñ

KWGVI/ KWkayKtasti . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na briePaK

hñwgeT luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTACaGñkmansuKtienAxagmux .

nUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza briePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñal

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg buK<lGñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVI nUvesckþIminRbmaT

kñúgmrNsSti

GanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV> kal .

Edlman

enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgmrNsSti .

‘kayKtasti’ ‘150’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH kayKtastikmμdðanenaHNa min Zøab´RbRBwtþeTAehIy ev[rcakBuTÆúb|aT minEmnCavis&yénBYktiræIy¾ TaMgBYg EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sresIrehIy kñúgRBHsURt TaMgLayenaH> edayGakar;eRcInCaGenk y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡ TaMgLay ‘1’ Zm(mYyy¨ag EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo er]y>ehIy EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIsegVKeRcIn EtgRbRBwtþ eTA edIm|IesckþIcMerIneRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIekSmcak eyaK;eRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|Isti nig sm|CJ¦;eRcIn Etg RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvjaNTsSn; EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I enACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvviC¢a ‘bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaymK<’ vimutþi ‘sm|yutþZm( EdlekItrlt´Ca 1–

suÇ

GMÇ ÉkÇ

PaKTI 40 TMB&rTI 95 .

Pikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKnUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza minbriePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡NabriePaKehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH briePaKEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKehIy RBH niBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH minbriePaKEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na sabsUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza sabsUnüEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na minsab sUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza minsab sUnüEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na e:Hbg´ehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH e:Hbg´Edrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡ Na R:rBÆehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH R:rBÆEdr³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ RTg´sMEdgecjehIy edayGMNacénbBV;TaMgLay 14 y¨agenH KW Gana:nbBV;1 «riyabzbBV;1 ctusSm|CJ¦bBV;1 bdikUlmnsikarbBV;1 ZatumnsikarbBV;1 sivdðikbBV; 9 edayn&yCaGaTi¾za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kayKtasti EdlPikú¡ cMerInehIy etIdUcemþc/ eZVIoeRcInehIy etIdUcemþc eTIbmanpl eRcIn eTIbmanGanisgSeRcInç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasna enH eTAehIykan´éRBß³ dUecñH . nieTÞsénkarcMerInkayKtasti enaH dl´ehIy edaylMdab´ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

27

‘kayKtastiEdlelakbMNgkñúgTIenH’ bNþabBV; 14 enaH bBV;TaMgLay 3 enH KW«riyabzbBV;

28

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enAkñúgkayenH qÁwgmanenAkñúgkayenH xYrkñúgqÁwg manenAkñúgkay enH

tMrgenam

manenAkñúgkayenH

ebHdYg

manenAkñúgkayenH

ctusSm|CJ¦; ZatumnsikarbBV; RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

ezøIm manenAkñúgkayenH vav manenAkñúgkayenH RkBH manenA

edayGMNacénvibsSna sivdðikbBV; 9 RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

kñúgkayenH sYt manenAkñúgkayenH eBaHev[nZM manenAkñúgkay

ehIyedayGMNacGaTInvanubsSna

enH eBaHev[nTUc manenAkñúgkayenH GaharzμI manenAkñúgkayenH

hñwgÉg

kñúgvibsSnajaNTaMgLay

mYyeT[t sUm|IsmaZiPavnaNa Kb|IsMerc kñúgGsuP-

kmμdðanTaMgLay

manenAkñúgkayenH

TwkRbmat´

manenAkñúgkayenH

kñúgsivdðikbBV;TaMg

Twkesøsμ manenAkñúgkayenH TwkxÞúH manenAkñúgkayenH TwkQam

enaH smaZiPavnaenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkasehIy kñúg

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkejIs manenAkñúgkayenH TwkdM:xøaj´xab´

GsuPnieTÞsÉeNaHç

cMENkÉbBV;Et 2 bu¨eNÑaH KWGana:nbBV;

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkEPñk manenAkñúgkayenH Twkxøaj´ravmanenA

nig bdikUlbBV; KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNac

kñúgkayenH Twkmat´ manenAkñúgkayenH TwksMe:r manenAkñúg

énsmaZi ‘Pavna’ kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenHç

bNþabBV;TaMg 2 enaH

kayenH TwkrMGil manenAkñúgkayenH TwkmURt manenAkñúgkay

edayGMNacénGana:nsSti

enH³ dUecñHç TVtþwsakarkmμdðanenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bMNgyk

Gana:nbBV;

manóTÆúmatkkmμdðanCaedIm

Gaharcas´

cat´CakmμdðanepSg

‘kmμdðan’ hñwgÉg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH cMENk TVtþwsa-

ehIyza kayKtasti kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenH .

karkmμdðanenaHNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIy eday GMNacénbdikUlmnsikar

se®g<aHykxYrkñúgk|al

edayxYrkñúg

qÁwg y¨agenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘1’ BaküxagmuxenAmaneT[t Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkayenHÉg eLIgeTA

xageRkamtaMgGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

‘GZib|ay:lIkayKtasti’ enH KWCakarsMEdgnUvkarcMerIn kñúgkayKtastikmμdðanenaH EdlmankarBN(na:lInaMmun dUcteTAenH .

xagelItaMgGMBI:teCIg

:f;za ²«emv kayM³ esckþIza nUvkaysÁúy EdlCaTI

manEs|kbiT:MgCMuvij

GaRs&yénmhaPUtrUbenH . :f;za ²óTÆM :Ttla³ esckþIza

eBjeTAedayvtúæminsÁat manRbkarepSg> KW sk´TaMgLay man

xagelIGMBIépÞéneCIg .

enAkñúgkayenH erammanenAkñúgkayenH RkckmanenAkñúgkayenH

xageRkamGMBIcugsk´ . bTza ²tcbriynþM³ esckþIza manEs|k

eZμj manenAkñúgkayenH Es|kmanenAkñúgkayenH srés man 1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 252 .

:f;za ²GeZa eksmtæka³ esckþIza

rMuB&TÆedayCMuvij . :f;za ²bUrnñanb|karsS Gsuciena bc©evk¡t³i esckþIza

kayenH eBjedayrbs´minsÁat mansk´CaedIm man


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30

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkarepSg> . mansMNYrza KWedayRbkardUcemþc/ eqøIyza; KW

mansk´ nig eramCaedIm Kn´emIleTA minmanesrI Edlmankøin

Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama nxa .eb. mutþM .

sÁúy nig KYrex¬IméRkElg Etb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

bNþabT

TaMgenaH bTza ²Gtæi³ KW sMviC¢ti ERbzamanenA . bTza ²«msμw³

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´za ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama .eb.

KWkñuúgkayEdlRBHGg<Rtas´za; xagelI GMBI:teCIgeLIgeTA xag

mutþM sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eramTaMgLay manenAkñúg

eRkamGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

kayenH .l. TwkmURt manenAkñúgkayenH ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sÁatmanRbkarepSg> .

manEs|kB&TÆCMuvij

eBjedayrbs´min

bTza ²kaey³ KWkñúgsrIr; . esckþIza

srIr; elakehAza kay eRBaHCaTIekIténekadðas;TaMgLay man sk´CaedIm nig éneraKrab´ry maneraKkñúgEPñkCaedIm EdlbNÐit KYrex¬Im eRBaHekItmkGMBIrbs´minsÁat .

bTTaMgLayza ²eksa

elama³ CaedImenH KWGakar; 32 mansk´CaedIm .

bNÐitKb|I

RCabsm¬nÆ kñúgbT:lIenaH y¨agenHza ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa

Gtæi «msμw kaey elama sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eram TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag . EmnBit buK<lNamYy kalBinitüemIl kñúgkelvr;Edl manRbEvg 1 Büam manRbmaNbu¨eNÑHenH KW xagelIcab´edImtaMg GMBI:teCIgeTA xageRkamcab´edImGMBIcugsk´cuHmk edayTIbMput CMuvij cab´edImGMBIEs|k sUm|IedayGakar;sBVy¨ag k*mineXIj

enHCakarBN(na edaybTsm¬nÆ kñúg:lIenaH .

‘PavnanieTÞsénkayKtasti’ k*ÉGaTikmμikkulbuRt cUleTArkklüaNmiRt

GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðanenH

manRbkardUceBalmkehIy>

Kb|I

er[nyk

nUvkmμdðanenH . cMENkÉklüaNmiRtenaH kaleBalnUvkmμdðan dl´kulbuRtenaH Kb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edaycMENk 7 nig mnsikarekaslø edaycMENk 10 .

‘óK<hekaslø’ kñúgekaslø TaMg 2 enaH GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edayviZI 7 Ebb y¨agdUecñH KW edayvaca edaycitþ edayB(N edayRTg´RTay edayTis edayOkas ‘nig’ edaybriecäT .

‘pøÚvvaca’ k*kñúgbdikUlmnsikarkmμdðanenH

RBHeyaKavcr

sUm|ICa

nUvPaBCarbs´sÁatNamYy eTaHCaEkvmutþakþI EkvmNIkþI EkvviTUrü

GñkRTRTg´RBHéRtbidk k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvacaCamunsin

kþI xøwmRkwsñakþI xøwmcnÞn¾RkhmkþI karbUrkþI eTaHCavtæúdéT manlMGit

kñúgkalEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH eZVI

éneRK]gGb´CaedImkþI sUm|IRtwmEtCaGNUeLIyç

karsVaZüayenaHÉg kmμdðan rEmgR:kd dUckmμdðan R:kd dl´

suTÆEtCarbs´minsÁat

manRbkarepSg>

tamBit eXIj

epSgedayekadðas;

RBHezr;BIrRBHGg< Edl:ner[nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´ énRBHmha-


visuTÆimK< ERb eTvetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúgRsukeQμaHmly; .

31 :n»mkza RBH

ezr; RtUvRBHezr;TaMgBIrGg<enaH sUmer[nnUvkmμdðanehIy :no nUv:lI kñúgTVtþwsakarkmμdðan edayR:b´za ²GñkTaMgLay cUreZVI nUvkarsVaZüayenHÉg rhUt 4 Ex³ .

zVIebIRBHezr;TaMg2 rUbenaH

sÞat´CMnajBIr bI nikay k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþRBHezr;TaMgBIrrUb enaH ‘enAEtxitxM’ sVaZüay nUvTVtþwsakar; Gs´ 4 Ex eTIb:n ‘sMerc’ CaesatabnñbuK<l eRBaHelakCaGñkTTYlyk ‘nUvOvaT’ edayeKarBEmnBit . eRBaHehtuenaH GacarüGñkeBalnUvkmμdðan Kb|IR:b´Genþvasikza ²RKadMbUg cUrGñkeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca Camun³ .

k*kalGenþvasikeZVI Kb|IkMNt´ nUvtcbJ©kkmμdðanCaedIm ‘kmμdðanEdlmanEs|kCaKRmb´R:M’ ehIyeZVIkarsVaZüay eday GMNacGnuelam nig bdielam . KWKb|IeBalza ²eksa elama

nxa Tnþa ceta sk´ eram Rkck eZμj Es|k³ dUecñHehIy eBal edaybdielameT[t za ²teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . Genþvasik

‘mantMrgenamCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²mMsM

Kb|IeBal

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal

kñúgb:ösbJ©k;

‘mansYtCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²hTyM yknM kielamkM bihkM b:ösM ebHdUg ezøIm vav RkBH sYt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielam eT[tza ²b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgmtælug<bJ©k; ‘manxYrkñúgk|alCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²GnþM GnþKuNM óTriyM krIsM

‘viZIsVaZüay’

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

32

kñúgvk,bJ©k;

nharU GdðI GdðimiJ¢M vk,M

mtælug<M eBaHev[nZM eBaHev[ntUc GaharzμI Gaharcas´ xYrkñúg k|al³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mtælug<M krIsM

óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa xYrkñúg k|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgemTcäk,; ‘man

sac´ srés qÁwg xYrkñúgqÁwg tMrgenam³ dUecñHehIy eBaleday

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´CaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²bitMþ esmØM bueBVa elahitM

bdielameT[tza ²vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa

esaeTa emeTa TwkRbmat´ Twkesøsμ TwkxÞúH TwkQam TwkejIs

elama eksa tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´³ dUecñHehIyeBaledaybdielameT[tza ²emeTa


visuTÆimK< ERb

33

34

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM

edaykarsVaZüay edayvaca ‘y¨agenH’ reb[bkmμdðan rEmgsÞat´

GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

CMnaj citþ minsÞúHeTA xagenaHpg xagenHpg ekadðas;TaMgLay

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´

rEmgR:kd KWR:kd dUcCaCYrénRmamédpg dUcCaCYréneCIgrbg

TwkejIs

pg y¨agenaHÉg .

TwkQam

TwkxÞúH

Twkesøsμ

TwkRbmat´

xYrkñúgk|al

‘citþ-BN(-RTg´RTay-Tis-Okas-briecäT’

Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm

k*RBHeyaKI eZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agNaç sUm|I

ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

edaycitþ k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRBaHza kar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

Genþvasik

Kb|IeBal

kñúgmutþcäk,;

‘manTwkmURtCaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²GsSú vsa exeLa sig¹alika

lsika mutþM

sVaZüayedayvaca k*Cabc©&yénkarsVaZüay edaycitþEdr . kar sVaZüayedaycitþ k*Cabc©&yénkarcak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; . ‘151’ Baküza ²vNÑeta edayBN(³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

TwkEPñk Twkxøaj´rav Twkmat´ TwksMe:r TwkrMGil

TwkmURt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mutþM lsika

kMNt´BN(énekadðas; ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm . Baküza ²sNðaneta edayRTg´RTay³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

sig¹alika exeLa vsa GsSú emeTa eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM

kMNt´RTg´RTay énekadðasTaMgenaHÉg .

kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa

Baküza ²Tiseta edayTis³ GZib|ayza kñúgsrIr;enH

nxa elama eksa TwkmURt TwkrMGil TwksMe:r TwkRbmat´

xagelIp©iteLIgeTA CaTisxagelI xageRkamp©itcuHmk CaTisxag

Twkxøaj´rav TwkEPñk TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´ TwkejIs TwkQam TwkxÞúH

eRkam

Twkesøsμ TwkRbmat´ xYrkñúgk|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[n

‘man’ kñúgTiseQμaHenH³ .

tUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

dgkþI

1ç000 dgkþI

100ç000 dgkþI .

Baküza ²Okaseta

edayOkas³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Okas énekadðasenaH> y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH fit

Genþvasik Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agdUecñH Gs´ eBl 100

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´Tis za ²ekadðasenH

eRBaHza

enAehIy kñúgOkaseQμaHenH³ . Baküza ²briecäTeta edaybriecäT³ GZib|ayza karkMNt´


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36

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikarekaslü’

BIrKWkarkMNt´nUvcMENkesμIKña1 karkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña1 . bNþakarkMNt´TaMg 2 enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Gacarü Kb|IR:b´mnsikarekaslü edayvZI 10 y¨ag

esμIKña y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH KWelak:nkMNt´ehIy eday

dUecñH KW edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk edayminsnSwmeBk

cMENkeQμaHenH TaMgxageRkam TaMgxagelI TaMgTTwg³ dUecñH .

edaykiriyakarBarnUvesckþIraymay

bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña edayGMNacPaB

edaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´ edayGb|na nig edaysURtbI .

minlayKña y¨agenHza ²sk´TaMgLay KWminEmnCaeram sUm|I

‘mnsikaredaylMdab´’ bTza ²GnubuBVeta edaylMdab´³ kñúgmnsikarekaslü 10

eramTaMgLay k*minEmnCask´Edr³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag .

‘kic©EdlKYrdwgmunnwgR:b´óK<hekaslü’ ‘152’

edaykarknøgnUvbJ¦tþi

k*ÉGacarü kalR:b´óK<hekaslü edayviZI 7

enaH GZib|ayza kmμdðanenH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday lMdab´lMeday cab´edImGMBIkareZVInUvkarsVaZüay minKYreZVITukkñúg

y¨ag dUceBalmkenH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanenH KWRBHmanRBHPaK

citþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 eLIy .

Rtas´ehIy

kñúgsURtÉenaH

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 nwgmancitþlM:k rEmgZøak´cuH

Rtas´edayGMNacCaZatu kñúgsURtÉenaH³ ehIyR:b´cuH . Emn

eRBaHkiriyamin:nnUvesckþIrIkray EdlxøÜnRtUv:n edayGMNac

Bit kmμdðanenH kñúgmhastibdðansURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNac

énPavnasm|tþi minjúaMgPavnaosMerc eRb[bdUcCabursEdlmin

Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmharahu-

Qøasév kaleLIgkan´begÁag mankaM 32 edaykarepøaHrMlg 1

elavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCa

kaM mankaylM:k rEmgZøak´cuH minjúaMgkareLIg o:nsMerc

Zatu .

eLIy k*dUecñaHÉg .

edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmhahtæibeTabmsURt

cMENkkñúgkayKtastisURt RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´cMENk

Qan4 eRBaHsMedAykbuK<lEdlekadðasmansk´CaedIm R:kd c|as´ ‘dl´eK’ edayBN( . kñúgkmμdðan 2 y¨agenaH kmμdðan

eRBaHza

kalRBHeyaKIeZVI

‘mnsikaredayminel]neBk’ k*sUm|IRBHeyaKI kaleZVIkarTukkñúgcitþ edaylMdab´ Kb|I

cat´CavibsSnakmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminoel]neBkEdr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI

EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUl cat´Casmzkmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayel]nhYseBk kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvTIbMputPøam

kmμdðankñúgbdikUlmnsikarbBV;enHnu@H cat´CasmzkmμdðanEmnBit

k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨Enþ kmμdðan minR:kd minnaMKuNviessmko

GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslüedayviZI7 Ebb dUceBalmkenH .

eRb[bdUcCaburskaledIrpøÚv Gs´cmáay 3 eyaCn¾ min:nkMNt´

EdlRBHGg<Rtas´

edayGMNacCaZatu


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38

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvkarQancuHeTA nig karlHbg´ ehIyeZVIKmnaKmn¾ sUm|IGs´

Zøak´ç ‘eCIg’ Kb|IPøat´GMBIpøÚvenaH Zøak´cuHeTAkñúgeRCaHEdlmanCeRmA

var; 7 dg edaysnÞúHy¨agel]n pøÚvk*dl´nUvTIbJ©b´ k*BitEmn

100 snÞÚgburs dUecñaHÉg .

ehIy k*bu¨Enþza bursenaH RtUvEtsYrpøÚv ‘eK’ Camunsin swmeTA

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarkarBaresckþIraymaypg .

k*dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay eday minel]nhYseBk .

‘mnsikaredayminsnSwmhYseBk’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVI

‘mnsikaredayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi’ bTza ²bNÑtþismtik,mneta edayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi³ esckþI za bJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³ dUecñHCaedIm enHNa RBHeyaKavcr

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminsnSwmhYs

Kb|IrMlg nUvbJ¦tþienaHehIy tm,l´citþza ²bdikUl³ . dUcCakñúg

eBk eRb[bdUcCaeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminel]nhYseBk k*y¨agenaH

eBlEdlTwkrk:nedaykRm mnusSTaMgLay eXIjGNþÚgTwk

Edr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysnSwmhYseBk

kñúgéRBehIy cgnUvvtæúNamYy mansøwketñatCaedImhñwgÉg TukCa

kmμdðan mindl´nUvTIbMput minCabc©&yo:nseRmcnUvKuNviess

eRK]gsMKal´ kñúgTIenaH ehIyk*mktameRK]gsMKal´enaH gUtpg

dUcCakalbursR:zña edIm|IedIreTAkan´pøÚvRbEvg 3 eyaCn¾ kñúgézá

pwkpgç EtkñúgeBlNa edaykarRtac´eTACaer]y> énmnusSTaMg

enaHÉg enAbEgÁrbgÁg´ kñúgTITaMgLaymanedImeQI PñM nig RsH Ca

LayenaH sñameCIgmnusSEdlmkehIy> rEmgR:kdç kñúgeBl

edIm kñúgcenøaHpøÚvç pøÚvmindl´nUvTIbMput edayBIrbIézá eTIbdl´TI

enaH minmankic©edayeRK]gsMKal´eT[teTç mnusSTaMgLay Etg

bMput dUecñaHÉg .

eTAgUt nig pwkTwk kñúgeBlEdlxøÜnRtUvkarehIy> y¨agNamijç

‘mnsikaredaykarkarBaresckþIraymay’

kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénbJ¦tiþza ²eksa

bTza ²viek¡bb|diBahneta edaykarkarBarnUvesckþIray

elamaÇÇdz dUecñH kñúgcMENkxagedImç PaBCabdikUl rEmgR:kd

may³ esckþIza karEdlcitþlHbg´nUvkmμdðanehIyraymay kñúg

tmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrMlgecalnUvbJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³

GarmμN¾d*Rkas´BÆd*xageRkA RBHeyaKIKb|IkarBar . eRBaHza kal

dUecñHehIy tm,l´citþTuk kñúgPaBCabdikUlEtmüa¨g y¨agenaHÉg .

ebIminkarBareT kalebIesckþIraymay BÆd*xageRkAman kmμdðan

‘mnsikaredaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´’

rEmgsabsUnü rEmg:t´bg´eTA eRb[bdUcCakalbursedIreTAkan´

bTza ²GnubuBVmuJ©neta edaylHbg´lMdab´³ manesckþI

pøÚvEk|reRCaH CapøÚvedIreTAEteCIgm¡ag minkMNt´eCIgEdlRtUvQan

za ekadðas; ‘cMENk’ Na> minR:kd .

eTA rvl´EtEbremIleTAxagnu@Hpg xagenHpg var;éneCIg rEmgPøat´

lHbg´ecalnUvekadðas;enaH> eQμaHza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

RBHeyaKavcr Gñk edaylH


visuTÆimK< ERb bg´nUvlMdab´ .

39

k*kalGaTikmμikbuK<l eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²eksa³

mnsikar k*eTATl´nwgekadðasTIbMputKW ²mutþM³ enHEtmþg fitenA nig kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mutþM³ mnsikar k*eTATl´ nwgekadðas xagedIm KW ²eksa³ enHdUcKña .

RKaenH kalRBH

eyaKavcrenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ> ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgR:kd

40

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjúaMgBaküóbmaodl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCaby¨agenHÉg. enHCaBaküeRK]geRb[beZ[b edayesckþIóbma kñúgGZikarenH . ekadðasTaMgLay 32 kñúgkayenH dUcCaedImetñat 32 edIm kñúgéRBetñat y¨agdUecñaHÉg . citþdUcCastVsVa . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCaRBan .

kiriyaRtac´eTAtamlMdab´ edayGMNac én

ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgminR:kd . ekadðasTaMgLayNa>

GarmμN¾ kñúgkayEdlmancMENk 32 éncitþ rbs´RBHeyaKI dUc

R:kdç RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeZVIkargar kñúgekadðasTaMgLayenaH>

Cakarrs´enAkñúgéRBetñatEdlmanedImetñat 32 edIm énstVsVa .

rhUtdl´kalekadðasTaMgLayBIr

karEdl

R:kd

bNþaekadðasTaMgBIr

kalRBHeyaKI

cab´epþImR:rBÆeZVITukkñúgcitþza

²eksa³

k*kalRBH

ehIy citþ Rtac´eTAtamlMdab´ fitenA kñúgcMENkCaTIbMputhñwgÉg

eyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþCaer]y> nUvekadðasenaHÉg EdlR:kd

dUcCakarEdl kalRBanyksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xag

ehIyy¨agenH Kb|IjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg:n .

edIm ehIyeZVIsMeLgERsksg¹k sVak*elat elIedImetñatenaH>

enaH ekadðasNamYy R:kdCak´c|as´edayRbéB .

enHCaóbma kñúgkarlHbg´nUvlMdab´enaH eRb[bdUcCanay

ehIyeTAkan´edImetñatCaTIbMput . n&ysUm|IkñúgkarRtLb´vijeT[t

RBan R:zñaedIm|Inwgcab´stVsVa Edlrs´enAkñúgéRBetñat Edlman

k*dUcn&yenHEdr .

karEdl

kalRBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y>

edImetñat 32 edIm yksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xagedIm

nakalekadðas;TaMgLayxøH> R:kdehIy lHbg´ekadðas;TaMg

ehIyeZVInUvsMeLgsg¹kç

kalebIdUecñaH stVsVaenaH k*elateTA

LayEdlminTan´R:kd ehIyeZVInUvbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay

elIedImetñatenaH> tamlMdab´ rhUtelateTAdl´edImetñat CaTI

EdlR:kdehIy dUcCakarEdlstVsVaeTAtamlMdab´ ‘edImetñat’

bMputEtmþgç kalebIedImetñatTaMgenaH RBaneTAeZVIy¨agenaHdEdl

er]y> elateLIgkñúgTIEdlRBanERsksg¹kehIy> . karEdl

kñúgTIenaHç stVsVa k*mkkan´edImetñatxagedIm edayn&yenaHÉg

kalekadðas;TaMgLay 2 R:kdehIy kñúgTIbMput ekadðas;Na

mþgeT[t stVsVaenaH eTAtamlMdab´er]y> y¨agenH elateLIg

R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvekadðas;

kñúgTIEdlRBansg¹k> hñwgÉg lb> eTARkabelIedImetñatmYy

enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUcCakarEdlstV

edIm ehIycab´søwketñatRkBMu Rtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ

sVaRkab elIedImetñatmYyedIm tamlMdab´ehIy cab´nUvsøwketñat

eTaHCaRtUvRBan:j´k*minelateLIg y¨agNaç Baküóbemyü Ca

RkBMuRtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ eTaHCaRBan:j´

k*min


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42

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikaredayGb|na’

elateLIg dUecñaHÉg . óbmadéTeT[t eRb[bdUcCaPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t

bTza ²Gb|naeta edayGb|na³ KW edayekadðasEdl

CaRbRktI cUleTAGaRs&ynUvRsukmanRtkUl 32 :nPik¡a 2 kñúg

naMoekItGb|na .

pÞHCadMbUghñwgÉg ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 1 kñúgpÞHxagmux EsÁk

RCabza kñúgekadðasTaMgLay mansk´CaedIm Gb|na man kñúg

eLIg :nPik¡a 3 ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux kñúgézá

ekadðasmYy>³ dUecñH .

TI3 :nPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImenaHÉg eTAkan´Gasnsala

‘153’

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTenaH za ²bNÐitKb|I

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTza ²k*sURt 3³ enaH sURt

ehIyqan´ y¨agNamijç Baküóbemyü CaeRK]gjúaMgóbma o

3 enH KW ; GZicitþsURt sItiPavsURt eBaCgÄg<ekaslsURt

dl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCab k*y¨agenaHÉg .

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCab edIm|IRbkbvIriysmaZi .

k*Gakar; 32 dUc

CaRsukmanRtkUl 32 . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCabiNÐ:tikPikú¡ .

‘GZicitþsURt’

karEdlRBHeyaKavcr eZVIkarbrikmμ nUvGakar; 32 dUcCakarcUl

bNþasURtTaMg 3 enaH sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

eTAenAGaRs&yRsukenaH énPikú¡enaH . karEdl kalRBHeya-

Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþehIy RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúg

Kavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ> lHbg´nUvekadðas;TaMgLay EdlminR:kd

kald*KYr KW RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmaZinimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUv

ehIy eZVInUvkarbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay EdlR:kdehIy>

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvbK<ahnimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

rhUtdl´ekadðas;

GñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr1 . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkb

biNÐ:tCaRbRktI :nPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHCadMbUgehIy lHbg´nUvPik¡a1

er]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ EtmYycMENk

kñúgpÞHxagmux nig dUcCakñúgézá TI2 :nnUvPik¡a 3 ehIylHbg´nUv

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþoRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIxi¢lRcGUs . mñal

Pik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux .

Pikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

2

dUcCakarEdlPikú¡

karEdl bNþaekadðas;TaMgLay 2

ekadðas;Na R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúg

nUvbK<ahnimitþ EtmYycMENk

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþ oRbRBwtþeTA

citþ nUvekadðas;enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUc

edIm|IesckþIraymay . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

CakñúgézáTI3 karEdlPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaRbRktI :n

nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvóebk¡animitþ EtmYycMENk ehtuenaH

nUvPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImhñwgÉg ehIyKg´qan´ elIGasn-

Kb|InaMcitþminotaMgmaM edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

sala y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Lay. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kalNa Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþ rEmg


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44

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ bK<ahnimitþ óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr

nUvcitþ edIm|IZm(EdlRtUveZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm Na>

eTIbcitþenaHk*Tn´ KYrdl´Pavnakmμ CacitþPøWepøk minrwg taMgmaMeday

kalebIehtuman rEmgdl´nUvPaBKYrCabnÞal´ kñúgZm(enaH> edIm|I

RbéB edIm|IGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay:n .

eZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm ‘1’ ³ dUecñH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

dUcCaCagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI cat´Ecg:v luHcat´Ecg:vrYc

bNÐit Kb|IRCab

za eQμaHGZicitþsURt .

‘sItiPavsURt’

ehIy k*dutmat´:v luHdutnUvmat´:vrYcehIy k*ykdeg,{bez,{b masdak´ kñúgmat´:v ehIysb´ kñúgkald*KYr bMRBMTwk kñúgkal

sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ RbkbRBmedayZm( 6

d*KYr sMLwgemIlkñúgkald*KYr . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

y¨ag CaGñkKYredIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþ d*ótþm .

sisSCagmaskIþ Kb|Isb´EtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaH Ca

Zm( 6 y¨ag etIGVIxøH/

ehtueZVIomaseqHrlYyeTA . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

EdlKYrsg,t´sg,in kñúgeBlNa k*sg,t´sg,incitþ kñúgeBlenaH1

sisSCagmaskIþ bMRBMEtmasenaHedayTwk mYycMENk ehtuenaH

citþEdlKYrp<geLIg kñúgeBlNa k*p<gcitþeLIgkñúgeBlenaH 1 citþ

CaehtueZVIomasRtCak´. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ sisS

EdlKYreZVIorIkray kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIocitþrIkraykñúgeBlenaH 1

CagmaskIþ sMLwgemIlEtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaHCaehtu

citþEdlKYreZVIoRBegIy kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIcitþoRBegIy kñúgeBl

eZVIminomasqÁinsBVsac´:n . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kalNa

enaH 1 CaGñksøúgcuHeTA kñúgZm(d*ézøzøa 1 eRtkGr kñúgRBHniBVan 1ç

CagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI sb´masenaH kñúgkald*KYr bMRBM

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edayTwk kñúgkald*KYr sMLwgemIl kñúgkald*KYrehIy eTIbmas

edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþd*ótþm ‘2’ ³ dUecñH bNÐit

enaHeTACamasd*Tn´

Kb|IRCabza eQμaHsItiPavsURt .

KYrdl´kargar

Camasmansm|úrPøWepøk

min

RsYy KYrbegÁaneTA edIm|Ikargar edayRbéBpgç ebIeKR:zñaeRK]g

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH

Pikú¡ RbkbedayZm( 6 y¨agenHÉg

citþ

CaGñkKYr

‘eBaCÄg<ekasløsURt’

Rbdab´Ebøk> Na> eTaHCadM:rmaskþI kNÐlkþI eRK]gRbdab´-k

cMENkstþeBaCÄg<sURt EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdg

kþI kRmgmaskþI rEmgseRmcRbeyaCn¾enaH> :n y¨agNamijç

ehIyhñwgÉg kñúgGb|naekasløkza za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay citþ

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

CaZmμCatirYjra kñúgsm&yNa kalenaH CakalminKYr edIm|IcMerIn

Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

nUvGZicitþ

RtUveZVITukkñúg

citþenaH rEmgtaMgmaM

nUvbsSTÆieBaCÄg< kñúgsm&yenaH y¨agenHÉgÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLayç buK<lbegÁaneTA

1– suÇ GMÇ tiÇ PaK 41 TMB&r 385. 2– GMÇ qÇ PaK 46 TMB&r 309 .

citþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúgkald*KYr

.l.


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46

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kmμdðan KWRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvóK<hekaslü 7 RbkarenH

EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘Ekv’Twk ß EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘can’bbr rwt

o:ny¨aglÁehIypg kMNt´mnsikarekaslü 10 RbkarenH

EtKYrNas´eTAeT[t. RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgeBlEdlsk´exμAehIy

edayRbéBpg tamn&yEdleBalmkenH ehIyKb|Ier[n o:n

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLayexμAç eXIj kñúgeBlEdlsk´

lÁRbesIr edayGMNacénekaslüTaMgBIrRbkar .

s ehIyKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLay-s .

EtRBHeyaKI

‘eXIj’ kñúgkalénsk´layKña k*Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac

‘munnwgepþImkmμdðan’ k*RbsinNaebIRBHeyaKavcrenaH manesckþIsb|ay kñúg

énsk´Rkas´ . k*RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgsk´TaMgLayehIykan´yk

vtþEtmYyhñwgÉg CamYynwgGacarüç RBHeyaKacvrenaH k*minRtUv

nUvnimitþ y¨agNaç sUm|Ikñúgekadðas; EdlmanRkck CaKRmb´ 5

oGacarüsMEdgR:b´ edayBisþar y¨agenHeLIy Rbkbkmμdðan

TaMgmUl RKan´EteXIjehIy k*Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

er]y> :nnUvKuNviesseRscehIy swmoelakGacarüsMEdg

luHRBHeyaKI kan´yknUvnimitþy¨agenHehIy Kb|IkMNt´nUvcMENk

R:b´ kñúgzñak´x¬s´eLIg> . ‘b¨uEnþ’ RBHeyaKavcr manR:zñacg´enA

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayGMNacBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig

kñúgTIdéT RtUvoGacarüdMEdgR:b´ o:nBisþar edayviZIdUcEdl

briecäTehIy kMNt´PaBénGakar; za Carbs´bdikUl 5 Rbkar

eyIgeBalmkehIy

edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas .

ERbRbYler]y>

kat´pþac´nUvTIEdlsgS&y

TaMgGs´ecjehIy lHbg´nUvesnasn; EdlminsmKYr tamn&y Edl:neBalmkehIy

kñúgbfvIksiNnieTÞsÉeNaH

rYcehIy

enAkñúgvtþEdlsmKYr eZVIkarpþac´bg´nUvblieBaZtUctacecalehIy eZVIbrikmμ edaykiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþCabdikUl . k*RBHeyaKavcr kaleZVI RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMg LayCamunsin .

sYrza; RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMgLay

Camun y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Idksk´mYy srés ß 2 srés dak´elI:tédehIy kMNt´BN(CadMbUg . kiriyaEdlRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay sUm|IkñúgTIénsk´ Edldac´ehIyk*KYr . sUm|IRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay

GnubuBVikza kñúgkarkMNt´nUvlk¡N; nig PaBbdikUlenaH kñúgekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLay mandUcteTAenH .

‘sk´’ ‘154’ CadMbUg sk´TaMgLay edayBN(CaRbRktI B(N exμA manBN(dUcCaEpøp<aM . edayRTg´RTay Evg mUl manRTg´ RTaydUcCadgénCJ¢Ig . edayTis ekItkñúgTisxagelI . eday Okas elakkMNt´ehIy kñúgxagTaMgLayTaMg 2 tamKum¬Rtec[k TaMgLay xagmux tamTIbMputénzáas´ xageRkay tamkJ©wg-k . Es|kRss´sMrab´eRsabllad¾k|al CaOkasénsk´TaMgLay. edaybriecäT sk´TaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIyxageRkam edayépÞ


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48

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énb\srbs´xøÜnEdlcUleTAGs´TIRtwmEtcugRsUv kñúgEs|ksMrab´ruM

müa¨geT[t køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlR:scakkartak´Etg

nUvk|alehIytaMgenA xagelI kMNt´ edayGakas TTwg kMNt´

mankarlabeRbg p,a nigZUbCaedIm CakøinEdlbuK<lex¬IméRkeBk.

edaysréssk´CamYyKña .

køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlbuK<ldak´kñúgePøIg CakøinKYrex¬IméRkElg

karkMNt´ edayn&yza ²sk´TaMg

LayBIrsrés minGacman kúñgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH eQμaHza

CagenaHeTAeT[t .

karkMNt´edaycMENkrbs´xøÜn ‘sPaKbriecäT’ . Zmμtask´TaMg

RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleLIy bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl

Lay Edlelakmin:neZVIolayKña edaycMENk 31 d*ess

hñwgÉg .

TaMgLay y¨agenH za ²sk´TaMgLayminEmneram eramTaMgLay

dUcCarem[t sUm|IedayRTg´RTay k*manRTg´RTay dUcCadMurem[tç

k*minEmnsk´³ dUecñH . karkMNt´enH za ²cMENknu@H CacMENk

mYyeT[t saksBEq,exμAEdlehIme:¨geLIg RtUveKe:HecalelI

edayELk>³ eQμaHza visPaKbriecäT . enHCakarkMNt´ eday

TIkEnøgecalsMram edayBN( manBN(dUcCaetñatTMu edayRTg´

lk¡N; manBN(CaedIm énsk´TaMgLay . ÉenHCakarkMNt´

RTay manRTg´RTaybIdUcCaRTg´RTaysMePar EdleKlHbg´ecal

edaybdikUl 5 Rbkar edayGMNacénlk¡N; manBN(CaedIm

ehIyç sUm|Icg,ÚmTaMgLy énEq,enaH k*manRTg´RTay dUcCap,amøiH

énsk´TaMgLayenaH . Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH Carbs´bdikUl

RkBMu eRBaHehtuenaH lamkénkumar nig saksBénEq,exμATaMgBIr

edayBN(xøH

bdikUl

edayRTg´RTayxøH

bdikUl

edaykøinxøH

bdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&yxøH bdikUl edayOkasxøH . d|itza CnTaMgLay eXIjvtæúGVImYy EdlmanBN(dUcCask´ kñúgPaCn¾ énbbrkþI kñúgPaCn¾én:ykþI sUm|ICaTIKab´citþ ehIyex¬ImreGImza; vtæúenH layedaysk´ cUrGñkTaMgLay naMykvaecjeTA³ . sk´ TaMgLay Carbs´bdikUl edayBN(xøH y¨agenHÉg . müa¨geT[t CnTaMgLaysUm|IbriePaK kñúgevlayb´ TukCa Bal´RtUvehIy nUvsrésénsURt ß ßza nUvsrésénRkecA man RTg´RTaydUcCask´ ehIyex¬ImreGIm y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sk´TaMg Lay Carbs´bdikUl edayRTg´RTay y¨agdUecñHÉg .

EmnBit sk´TaMgLay edayBN( nig RTg´

dUcCalamkénkumarEdlenAekμg edayBN( manB(N

edayBN( nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´TaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr edayB(N nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT b¨uEnþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl BitEmnhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bEnøCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´sML EdlduHehIy eday karhUrecj énTwkRCaMGMBIRsuk kñúgTIminsÁat CavtæúKYrex¬Im minKYr nwgbriePaK énmnusSGñkRkugTaMgLay y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´ TaMgLay k*eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im eRBaHPaBénsk´enaHduHehIy edaykiriyahUrecj énvtæúminsÁat manxÞúH Qam TwkmURt Gahar cas´ Rbmat´ nig esøsμ CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .


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enH CaPaBbdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&y énsk´TaMgLayenaH . mYyeT[t Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH duHehIy kñúgKMnr

50

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdltaMgenAehIypg

nUv:téd:teCIgTaMgLayecjpg

PaK

én

eRcIn duHehIy kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;d*ess . edaybriecäT

cMENk 31 dUcbEnøEdlduHehIy kñuúgKMnrénlamkç sk´TaMgenaH

eramTaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\s rbs´xøÜn

eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im y¨agéRkElg eRBaHPaBénsk´enaH duH

EdlcUleTA

ehIy kñúgTIEdlminsÁat dUcCabEnøEdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLay

ehIytaMgenA xagelI edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´ edaysr-

manéRBsμsan nig TIecalsMramCaedImpg dUcCap,aQUk nig p,a

éseramKñaÉg .

lMcg´CaedIm EdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLayEdlminsÁat mansñam

srés minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

ePøaHCaedImpg dUecñHÉg .

rbs´xøÜn éneramTaMgLayenaH . kiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

enHCaPaBbdikUl edayOkas énsk´

TaMgLayenaH .

Gs´TIRtwmEtmYylixa

kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eramTaMgLay 2

R:kdesμI eday ‘karkMNt´’ sk´dUcKñaEdr .

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl énsk´TaMgLay y¨ag

‘Rkck’

Namijç k*Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl edaycMENk 5 y¨ag eday

Baküza ²RkckTaMgLay³ CaeQμaHénRtbk énRkckTaMg

GMNayénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT éncMENkTaMg

Lay 20 . RkckTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

BYg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

EtRBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´cMENkTaMgLay

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRskaRtI . edayTis RkckTaMg

TaMgBYg epSg> Kña edayGMNac ‘lk¡N;KW’ BN( RTg´RTay

Lay duHehIy kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr KW RkckeCIg duHkñúgTisxag

Tis Okas nig briecäT .

eRkam Rkckéd duHkñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas RkckTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIxñgxagcug énRmamédTaMgLay . edaybriecäT

‘eram’ bNþacMENkTaMgLayenaH eramTaMgLay Kb|IkMNt´mun eramtamRbRktI man 90ç000 reNþA

kñúgTisTaMg 3 elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´xagcugénRmamTaMg

edayBN(RbRktI Caeram

Lay xagkñúg kMNt´edaysac´xñgénRmaméd xageRkA nig xag

manBN(minexμA dUcCask´eT EtCaerammanBN(el]g layexμA

cug kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´edayRkckdUcKña . kar

bnþic . edayRTg´RTay eramTaMgLay mancugOncuH manRTg´

kMNt´ edayn&yza ²RkckTaMgBIr minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³

RTay dUcCab\setñat .

enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénRkckTaMgLayenaH . Ékar

edayOkas

edayTis eram ekItkñúgTisTaMg 2 .

eramTaMgLay elIkElgnUvOkas énsk´TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμI R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .


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‘eZμj’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Es|ksm|úrézáNa EdlbuK<lTajmkGMBIsrIr;TaMgmUl CaEs|k

‘155’ Baküza ²eZμjTaMgLay³ KWqÁwgeZμj 32 énbuK<l GñkmaneZμjRKb´RKan´ .

52

sm|úrézá manTMhMbu¨nRKab´BuRTa Es|ksm|úrézáenaH manBN(exμA

eZμjTaMg 32 enaHÉg edayBN( man

BN(sENþk:y nigBN(el]gCaedIm xagelIEs|kenaH . bu¨Enþ

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTayeRcInRbkar . EmnBit

Es|k edayBN( manBN(-s Etmüa¨g . k*PaBénEs|kenaH Ca

bNþaeZμjTaMgenaH eZμjTaMgLay 4 Rtg´kNþal eZμjCYreRkam

Es|kBN(-s nwgR:kd kalebIEs|ksm|úrézáEdlrlakehIy

mun manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´eXøak EdleKtMer[b tamlMdab´ elI

edayvtæúTaMgLay mankarrlak edayGNþatePøIg nigkarRbhar

dMudIsÁit .

edayeRK]gRbharCaedIm . edayRTg´RTay Es|k manRTg´RTay

BN(-s .

TaMgsgxag éneZμjkNþalTaMg 4 enaH eZμjmYy>

manb\smYy mancugmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCap,amøiHRkBMu . bnÞab´

dUcsrIr;Edr . enHCaesckþIseg¡b kñúgGZikarénRTg´RTayenH .

mk eZμjmYy> manb\s 2 mancug 2 manRTg´RTay dUcCaeQI

‘sNðanEs|kepSg>’

Tl´reTH .

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 3 mancug

EtebIeBaledayBisþar

Es|kénRmameCIg

manRTg´RTay

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 4 mancug 4

dUcCasMbukdg,Úvnag . Es|kxñgeCIg manRTg´RTay dUcCaEs|k

dUecñHÉg . sUm|IkñúgCYreZμjxagelI k*mann&ydUecñHEdr . eday

eCIgEkgecaT . Es|ksμg manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwketñatx©b´:y

Tis eZμjTaMgenaH duHehIykñúgTisxagelI .

edayOkas eZμj

Es|kePøA manRTg´RTaydUczg´Evg EdleBjeTAedayGg,r Es|k

TaMgenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwgcg,aTaMg 2 .

edaybriecäT eZμj

RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCasMBt´tRmg EdleBjedayTwk Es|k

TaMgenaH elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\srbs´xøÜn Edl

xñg manRTg´RTaydUcCaEs|kEdleRsabbnÞHkþar Es|keBaH man

taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgcg,a xagelI kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg

RTg´RTaydUcCaEs|k EdleKBassñÚkBiN Es|kRTUg PaKeRcIn

kMNt´ edayKña nig Kña .

manRTg´RTayragbYnRCug Es|keCIgédTaMgBIr manRTg´RTaydUcCa

3 .

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eZμjTaMg

Lay 2 minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kEdleKeRsabnUvsøabZñÚ

rbs´xøÜn éneZμjTaMgenaH .

eRsamkaMbiTekarxøH

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI edaysk´enaHÉg .

‘Es|k’ Baküza ²Es|k³ KW Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlfitenA .

Es|kxñgéd

manRTg´RTaydUcCa

manRTg´RTaydUcCaExlxøH

Es|kénRmaméd

manRTg´RTaydUcCaeRsamkUnesa Es|k-k manRTg´RTaydUcCa kGav Es|kmuxmanRbehagtUc-ZM manRTg´RTaydUcsMbukkNþÚb Es|kk|al manRTg´RTaydUcCaesøak:Rt dUecñHÉg .


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‘viZIkMNt´Es|k’

54

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

briecäT xageRkam kMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy xag

k*ÉRBHeyaKavcr GñkkMNt´Es|k Kb|IbJ¢ÚnjaN man

elI kMNt´ehIy edayGakas .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

mux eTAxagelI cab´edImGMBIbbUrmat´xagelIeTA ehIykMNt´ nUv

rbs´xøÜn énEs|kenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆmuxehIytaMgenA mundMbUgbgÁs´ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

esμI edaysk´Edr .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|kénqÁwgzáas

bnÞab´GMBIenaH RBHeyaKI kalbJ¢Ún

‘sac´’ ‘156’

jaNeTA tamcenøaHqÁwgk|al nig Es|kk|al dUcCabuK<llUkéd

Baküza ²sac´³ KWsac´ 900 duM . sac´TaMgGs´

eTA tamcenøaHén:Rt EdlbuK<lRckehIy kñúgesøak nig tam

enaHÉg edayBN( Rkhm RbEhlKñanwgp,acar. edayRTg´RTay

cenøaHénesøak y¨agdUecñaHEdr ehIyEjknUvPaBénEs|kCab´KñaEt

sac´kMPYneCIg manRTg´RTaydUcCa:y EdleKx©b´ehIy eday

mYy CamYynwgqÁwg Kb|IkMNt´Es|kk|al bnÞab´BIenaH RBHeyaKI

søwketñat . sac´RTUg manRTg´RTay dUcCakUnzμsMel[gkaMbit .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k-k

sac´RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCaeXñaHeCIgRkan . sac´xñgmanRTg´

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´Es|kédxagsþaM eday

Gnuelam nig bdielam

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|I

kMNt´Es|kédxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RTaydUcCaEpnéns,retñat . sac´RbCMuénqÁwgCMnIrBIrmanRTg´RTay

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´

dUcCakarlabedaydIsÁitd*esþIg Rtg´épÞénCRguk . sac´edaH man

Es|kxñgenaHehIy kMNt´Es|keCIgxagsþaM edayGnuelam nig

RTg´RTay dUcCaduMéndIsÁit EdlbuK<lsUnüehIyBüÜrTuk . sac´

bdielam

RbCMuénedImédTaMgBIr

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

eCIgxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k

tGMBIenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´

manRTg´RTaydUcCakNþúrd*ZM

EdlbuK<leZVICaBIrCan´ehIy tMkl´Tuk .

minmanEs|k

kalRBHeyaKI kMNt´

Es|kRkBHbsSav; Es|keBaH Es|kebHdUg nig Es|k-k tam

nUvsac´d*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|Isac´d*lÁit k*rEmgR:kd .

lMdab´hñwgÉg kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ nUv

edayTis sac´enaH ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMg 2 . edayOkas

Es|kcg,a

rYcehIy

sac´ EGbnUvqÁwg 300 kMNat´ minelIs ehIyfitenA . eday

júaMgTIbMputénbbUrmat´xageRkam odl´ehIyoseRmc . kal

briecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy

RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvEs|kd*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|IEs|k d*

kñúgeRKagqÁwg xagelI kMNt´ehIy edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ehIy

lÁit k*rEmgR:kd . edayTis Es|kekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLay

edaysac´dUcKña . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsac´

BIr . edayOkas Es|krMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlehIytaMgenA . eday

enaH .

EdlmanxageRkam

kñúglMdab´GMBIEs|k-k

ÉkiriyakMNt´cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


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‘srés’

56

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgLay Rtg´xñgéd nig xñgeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTay dUcCa

Baküza ²srés³ :ndl´ srés 9 ry .

edayB(N

eCIgstVsøab . srésTaMgLay elIk|al manRTg´RTay dUcCa

srésTaMgGs´ CaBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay srésTaMgLay

sMNaj´elIk|al énTarkTaMgLay . srésTaMgLay Rtg´xñg

manRTg´RTayepSg> . EmnBit bNþasrésTaMgenaH srésZM

manRTg´RTay dUcCasMNaj´TTwk EdleKRtdag BÆd*kMedAézá .

TaMgLay EdlrYmrwtnUvsrIr; cab´edImGMBIEpñkxagelI én k qøg

srésTaMgLay EdleTAtamGvyv; tUc-ZM enaH> d*ess man

cuHehIy tamEpñkxagmux ‘man’ 5ç srésZMTaMgLay tamEpñk

RTg´RTay dUcCaGavERsH EdleKBak´ehIy elIsrIr; . eday

xageRkay 5ç tamEpñkxagsþaM k* 5ç tamEpñkxageqVg k* 5ç

Tis srésTaMgLay ekItehIy kñuúgTisTaMgBIr . edayOkas

srésZMTaMgLay

tamEpñkxagmux

srésTaMgLay cgnUvqÁwgTaMgLay kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl fitenA .

srésZMTaMgLay

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdlvataMgenA

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxageqVg k*dUcKñaEdrç sUm|IEdlrYmrwt nUveCIg

ehIy xagelI énqÁwg 300 kMNat´ xagelI kMNt´ehIy eday

xagsþaM tamEpñkxagmuxéneCIg k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkayeCIg k*

RbeTsEdlvafitenA Tl´nwgsac´ nig Es|kTaMgLay . TTwg

5ç srésZMTaMgLay sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUveCIgxageqVg k*dUecñaHEdr

kMNt´ edaysrésdUcKña .

y¨agdUecñHÉg srésZMTaMgLay 60 eQμaHza srésRTRTg´ nUv

xøÜn énsrésenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI

srIr; rYmrwtnUvkay qøgcuHehIy . srésTaMgLayNa Edl

edaysk´Edr .

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxagsþaM

énéd k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkay énéd k* 5ç

elakehAza srésBYr dUecñHk*manç sUm|IsrésTaMgGs´enaH man

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´

‘qÁwg’

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´énedImrun . cMENkxagsrésTaMgLaydéT

Baküza ²qÁwgTaMgLay³ KWelIkElgEtqwÁgeZμj 32 ecj

RKbsg,t´ nUvRbeTsenaH> ehIyfitenA . srésTaMgLayEdl

qÁwgd*ess mancMnYn 300 y¨agdUecñH KW qÁwgédTaMgLay 64 qÁwg

lÁit edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaExSGMe:H .

eCIgTaMgLay 64 qÁwgTn´TaMgLayEdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ 64 qÁwg

srésTaMgLay déTeT[t EdllÁitedayviessCagsrésenaH

EkgTaMgLay 2 Rtg´eCIgnimYy> qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLayBIr > qÁwg

manRTg´RTay dUcCavløi¾epamhñwgÉg . srésTaMgLaydéT lÁit

sμgTaMgLay 2 qwÁgCg<g´ 1 qwÁgePøA 1 qÁwg ceg,H 2 qÁwgRTnugxñg

edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTay dUcCaExSBiNd*ZM .

TaMgLay 18 qÁwgCMnIrTaMgLay 24 qwÁgRTUgTaMgLay 14 qwÁg

srésTaMgLaydéT manRTg´RTay dUcCaGMe:Hezøas . srés

ebHdUg 1 qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay 2

qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay 2 qwÁg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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58

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edImédTaMgLay 2 qwÁgcugedImédBIr > qwÁg-k 7 qÁwgcg,a 2 qwÁg

edayELk manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkcab´Cagmas . qwÁgRtKakEdl

RcmuH 1 qwÁgEPñk 2 qwÁgsøwkRtec[k 2 qwÁgzáas 1 qwÁgbegØIy 1

taMgenA

qwÁgGMEbgk|al 9 .

cab´ eZVIomanmuxcuHeRkamehIy manRbehagtUc-ZM kñúgTI 7 ß 8

qwÁgTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay qÁwgTaMgLay manRTg´RTayepSg> .

Rtg´xagcug

manRTg´RTaydUcCaBBarBs´

EdlbuK<l

kEnøg . qwÁgRTnugxñgTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg manRTg´RTaydUcCaduM

EmnBit bNþaqwÁgTaMgenaH

énpÞaMgsMNPk´ EdlbuK<ldak´xagelI> xageRkA manRTg´RTay

qwÁgRmaméncugeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qwÁg

dUcCaExSlYsEdlmUl . kñúgcenøaH> énqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgenaH qwÁg

zñaMgRtg´kNþal lMdab´GMBIqwÁgRmameCIgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCa

RTnugxñgBIrbIR:kdesμIedayeZμjrNar . bNþaqwÁgCMnIrTaMgLay

RKab´xñúr . qwÁgzñaMgRtg´Kl´ manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgxñgeCIg

24 qwÁgCMnIrEdlmineBj manRTg´RTaydUcCakeNþ{vEqb qÁwgCMnIr

TaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaKMnrénb\srunEdleKdMehIy . qwÁg

TaMgLayEdleBj

Ekg manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´Epøetñat manRKab´mYy . qwÁgEPñkeKa

Gs´ manRTg´RTaydUcCasøabkagénman´-s . qwÁg®TUgTaMgLay

manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøGg<új sMrab´elgEdleKcgehIy . TIén

14 manRTg´RTaydUcCaERKEsñgsøabRKuDcas´ . qwÁgebHdUg man

qwÁgsμgTaMgLay EdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgEPñkeKaTaMgLay man

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøEvk . qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUc

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´epþA EdlbuK<lsksMbkecjehIy . qwÁg

CadgkaMbittUc Cavikar;énelah; . qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay manRTg´

sμgtUc manRTg´RTaydUcCadgZñÚtUc . qwÁgsμgZM manRTg´RTay

RTay dUcCacbkab´énsIhL; EdlEqbehIymYycMeh[g . qwÁg

dUcCaxñgBs´s<m . qwÁgCg<g´ manRTg´RTaydUcBBuHTwkEqbm¡ag .

edImédTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkbénkJ©k´ . qwÁgcugénedIm

TIénqwÁgsμgEdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgCg<g´TaMgLayenaH manRTg´

édTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCab\setñatTaMgKU . qwÁgénkédTaMg

RTaydUcCaEsñgeKa Edlmancugdac´tμilehIy . qwÁgePøA manRTg´

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCadMu énbnÞHsMNPk´ EdlbuK<lrMlay

RTaydUcdgkaMbit nig b¨UvezA EdleKRcasehIymin:nsÁat .

kñúgTICamYyKñaehIytMkl´Tuk . qwÁgxñgédTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

TItaMgénqwÁgePøAenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qwÁgceg,H manRTg´RTaydUc

dUcCaKMnr énb\srun EdleKdMehIy . qÁwgzñaMg énKl´RmamédTaMg

CaEpøGg<újsMrab´elg . TIénqwÁgceg,HEdlqwÁgePøAenaHtaMgenA man

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgkNþalTaMgLay

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøRkUc EdleKcitehIyRtg´k|al . qwÁgceg,HTaMg

manRTg´RTay dUcCaRKab´xñúrEqb . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgxagcugTaMgLay

Lay 2 Cab´KñaEtmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCac®g,ansμÚnqñaMg

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qÁwg-k TaMgLay 7 kg´ manRTg´

epSg

manRTg´RTaydUckeNþ{veBjç

qwÁgCMnIrTaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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60

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCakg´énTMBaMg EdlbuK<ledat edaykMNat´eQI ehIy

qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay

tMkl´Tuk tamlMdab´ .

qwÁgcg,a xageRkam manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT xagkñúg elakkMNt´ehIy edayxYrkñúgqÁwg xagelI

Rkcab´EdkénBYkCagmas . qwÁgcg,a xagelI manRTg´RTay dUc

kMNt´ edaysac´ Rtg´cug nig Rtg´Kl´ kMNt´ edayqÁwgdUcKña .

CakaMbitsMrab´lYsnUvGMeBA . qwÁgRbehagEPñk nig RbehagRcmuH

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énqÁwgTaMgenaH . Ékiriya

TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´etñatx©I

RtUveKyksac´ecj

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgxñgeCIgTaMgLay

.

‘xYrkúñgqwÁg’

Gs´ehIy . qwÁgzáas manRTg´RTaydUcCaGMEbgénsMbkxügEdl eKp,ab´ehIy tMkl´Tuk . qwÁgKum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

Baküza ²xYrkñúgqÁwg³ KW xYrEdltaMgenAehIy xagkúñugénqÁwg

dUcCaeRsamkaMbitekar énxμan´RBHeks . qwÁg kñúgOkasEdlCab´

TaMgLayenaH> . xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

Kña BÆd*xagelI énzáas nig Kum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

RTg´RTay xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH taMgenA xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLayZM> man

dUcCaekÁgénkÁmmanTwkeBj EdlbuK<lp,ab´cuHehIy . qwÁgbegØIy

RTg´RTaydUcCacugepþAd*ZM EdlbuK<leralehIydak´cUl kñúgbMBg´

manRTg´RTay dUcCallad¾Evk Edlmanmat´p,ab´ehIy . qwÁg

b\sSI taMgenAehIy xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLaytUc> manRTg´RTay

k|alTaMgLay

dUcCacugepþAd*tUc EdleKeralehIy dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMg énb\sSI

manRTg´RTaydUcCallad¾eXøakcas´

EdleK

TaMgLay . edayTis xYrkñúgqÁwg ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMgBIr .

edrehIy tMkl´Tuk . edayTis qwÁgTaMgLay ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgBIr . eday

edayOkas xYrkñúgqÁwg taMgenAehIy BÆd*xagkñuúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

Okas qÁwgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl edaymin

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞxagkñúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

EbøkKña . bu¨EnþedayesckþIEbøkKña bNþaqÁwgTaMgLaynu@H qÁwgk|al

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYrkñúgqÁwgenaH . Ékiriya

taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwg-k TaMgLay .

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

qÁwg-k TaMgLay taMgenA

‘tMrgbsSav;’

ehIy elIqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay . qÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay taMgenA ehIy elIqÁwgceg,HTaMgLay . qÁwgceg,HTaMgLay taMgenAehIy

‘157’

Baküza ²vk,M tMrgbsSav;³ KW dMusac´TaMgLay 2

elIqÁwgePøATaMgLay. qÁwgePøATaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgCg<g´

manTgEtmYy . tMrgbsSav;enaH edayBN( manBN(RkhmTn´

TaMgLay

dUcBN(RKab´rlYs:y . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

.

qÁwgCg<g´TaMgLay

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgsμgTaMg

Lay qÁwgsμgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay .

RKab´EpøGg<újsMrab´elgTaMgKU énekμgTaMgLay ß

ßza manRTg´


visuTÆimK< ERb

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62

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCaEpøsVayERBk EdlCab´enAnwgTgEtmYy . edayTis

mnusSsTÆacrit CaQammanBN(dUcCap,akNiÑkar sMrab´mnusS

ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas tMrgbsSav;enaH Ca

bJ¦acrit CaQamminlÁk´ sÁat zøa s brisuTÆ ß manBnøÅR:kd

ZmμCatCab´CamYyKña edaysrésd*ezøas Edlel[necjmkGMBI

dUcCaEkvmNICati EdlbuK<lécñehIy . edayTis ebHdUgenaH

bMBg´-k ehIyeTAbnþic edayKl´EtmYy ehIyEbkeTACaBIr ruMB&TÆ

ekItehIykñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ebHdUgenaH fitenAehIy

sac´énebHdUg ehIyfitenA .

Rtg´kNþal énedaHTaMgLayBIr xagkñúgénsrIr; . edaybriecäT

edaybriecäT tMrgbsSav; elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéntMrgbsSav; . enH CakiriyakMNt´

ebHdUg elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénebHdUg .

nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éntMrgbsSav;enaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

kMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énebHdUgenaH .

minesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

‘ebHdUg’

enHCakiriya

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUv

‘ezøIm’

Baküza ²ebHdUg³ KWsac´ebHdUg . sac´ebHdUgenaH eday

Baküza ²ezøIm³ KW dM:rénsac´TaMgKU . edayBN( ezøIm

BN( CaBN(Rkhm manBN(dUcCaBN(xñgRtbkQUk . eday

enaH manBN(Rkhm RbkbedayZatumanBN(el]g CaBN(min

RTg´RTay ebHdUgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkBMup,aQUk EdleKbk

RkhméRkeBk manBN(dUcCaxñg énRtbkp,aQUkRkhm . eday

nUvsMbkxageRkATaMgLay ecjehIytMkl´Tuk omanmuxeTAxag

RTg´RTay Rtg´Kl´ mYyduM Rtg´cugCaKU manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwk

eRkam manxageRkArlIg xagkñuúg dUcCaxagkñúgénEpønenag sMrab´

rlYspÁúg . mYyeT[t ezøImenaH sMrab´mnusSlág´TaMgLay Ca

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanR:C\a rIkbnþic sMrab´buK<lTaMgLay Gñk

ZmμCatZM manEtmYyKt´bu¨eNÑaHÉg . sMrab´mnusS manbJ¦aTaMg

manR:C\aTn´ ekþabeTAvijhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t xagkñúgebHdUgenaH

Lay CadMutUc> manBIr ß bI k*man .

manreNþA

énQam

ehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ezøImenaH taMgenAehIy

RbmaNknøHTUkéd EdlmenaZatu nig menaviJ¦aNZatu GaRs&y

GaRs&ynUvEpñkxagsþaM xagkñúgénedaHTaMgBIr . edaybriecäT ezøIm

ehIyRbRBwtþeTAç k*QamenHenaH sMrab´mnusSraKcrit CaQam

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénezøIm . enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUv

BN(Rkhm

cMENkrbs´xøÜn énezøImenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

TMhMGacdak´RKab´busSnaK:n

sRmab´mnusSeTascrit

CaTIdk´enA

CaQamBN(exμA

sMrab´

mnusSemahcrit CaQamBN(dUcCaTwksMrab´lagsac´ sRmab´ mnusSvitk,crit

CaQammanBN( dUcCasac´BBayRCug sMrab´

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘vav’

edayTis ezøImenaH ekIt


visuTÆimK< ERb ‘158’

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Baküza ²vav³ :ndl´ sac´sRmab´ruMB&TÆ man 2

64

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘sYt’

y¨ag edayRbePTEdlbiT:Mg nig minbiT:Mg . vavTaMgBIrenaH Ég edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMNat´sMBt´BIrCan´ .

Baküza ²sYt³ KWsac´sYtmanRbePT 32 kMNat´ . sYt

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkasrbs´xøÜn . edayTis

enaH edayBN( CaBN(Rkhm manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøóTum¬r Edl

vavEdlbiT:Mg ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI vaveRkAenH ekItehIy

enARsKal . edayRTg´RTay sYtenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaduMénnM

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr .

d*Rkas´

edayOkas vavEdlbiT:Mg biT:MgnUv

EdleKkat´ehIyminesμI

vaminmanrsCat

minmanOCa

ebHdUg nig tMrgbsSav;ehIytaMgenAç vavEdlminbiT:Mg ruMB&TÆnUv

dUcCadMu énsøwkeQIEdlbuK<lTMBaehIy eRBaHPaBénsYtenaH Ca

sac´ GMBITIxageRkaménEs|k kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIytaMgenA .

vtæúEdlcMhayéneteCaZatuEdlekItGMBIkmμ puseLIgehIy kMcat´

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

bg´ecal eRBaHBÆd*xagkñúg vaminmanvtæúEdlRtUvsIucUleTA nig vtæú

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ edaycMENkénvav .

enHKWCa

EdlRtUvpwkcUleTAeLIy . edayTis sYt ekItehIy kñúgTis

rIÉkiriyakMNt´

xagelI . edayOkas sYtenaH biT:MgnUvebHdUg nig ezøIm xag

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énvavenaH . nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘RkBH’ Baküza ²RkBH³ :ndl´ sac´manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþat kñúgeBaH . RkBHenaH edayBN( CaBN(ex[v manBN(dUcCap,a edImKnÞIs . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþatkUneKa

elI ehIytaMgenAsMyugcuH Rtg´cenøaH énedaHTaMgBIr BÆd*xagkñúg énsrIr; . edaybriecäT sYt elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENk énsYt . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsYtenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[nZM’

exμA manTgRbEvg 7 Zñab´ . edayTis RkBHenaH ekItehIy kñúg

Baküza ²eBaHev[nZM³ :ndl´ ExSeBaHev[nZM rbs´mnusS

TisxagelI . edayOkas RkBHenaH fitenAGaRs&ynUvxagCaTI

RbusmanRbEvg 32 htæ rbs´®sþI manRbEvg 28 htæ bt´ev[n

bMput éndM:reBaH kñuúgEpñkxageqVgénebHdUg . kalebIRkBHel[n

cuHeLIg kñúgTITaMgLay 21 pñt´ .

ecjmkxageRkA eRBaHkarRbharedayeRK]gRbharehIy stVTaMg

CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMe:r layedayRkYs . edayRTg´

Lay k*nwgGs´CIvit . edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ edaycMENk

RTay eBaHev[nZM manRTg´RTaydUcCaBs´ Edldac´k|al RtUveK

énRkBH .

bMeBnehIy tMkl´Tuk kñúgsñÚkénQam .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRkBHenaH .

eBaHev[nZMenHenaH edayB(N

edayTis ekItehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nZM taMgenA xagkñúg

vtæúEdlbuK<lsuI pwk TMBasIu nig liD manenA kñúgeBaH

srIr; kñúgTIbMputénbMBg´-k nig pøÚvénkrIs; eRBaHxagelIeBaHev[n

eQμaHza GaharzμI . GaharzμIenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCa

ZMenaH Cab´enARtg´bMBg´-k pg xageRkam Rtg´pøÚvénkrIs;pg .

Gahar EdlelbcUleTA . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nZM . enH

Gg,r EdlbuK<levcehIyy¨agZUr kñúgsMBt´tMrgTwk . edayTis

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[nZMenaH .

taMgenA kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenA kñúgeBaH .

Ékiriya

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[ntUc’ ‘159’

‘eBaH’ eQμaHza eBaH KWGvyv;EdlruMB&TÆnUgeBaHev[nZM R:kdesμI

Baküza ²eBaHev[ntUc³ KWeBaHev[nCaeRK]gcg kñúg

edaykare:¨gEdlekItRBm Rtg´kNþalénsMBt´TTwk EdlbuK<l

TIéncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMgLy . eBaHev[ntUcenaH edayBN( Ca

rYmxagTaMgBIr xageRkA rlIg xagkñúg R:kdesμIedaysMBt´Edl

BN(-s manBN(dUcCab\séncg,úlNI . edayRTg´RTay man

x©b´nUvTwkrdUv RbLak´edayeRK]grMunUvkaksac´ kareBalza ² ‘xag

RTg´RTaydUcCab\séncg,úlNIhñwgÉg . edayTis ekItehIykñúg

kñúgóTrenaH’ R:kdesμIedayxagkñúg énsMbkxñúrEdlsÁúy³ dUecñH

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nTUcenaH cgehIy nUv

xøH k*KYr . dg,ÚvTaMgLay man 32 hÚVg manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenHdUecñH

cgVayeBaHev[nZM

omanTIbMputxagcug kñúgTICamYyKña dUcCaExS

KW dg,ÚvTaMgLay eQμaHtek,adk; 1 eQμaHKNÐúb|aTk; 1 eQμaH

énynþcgnUvEpnkþar énynþTaMgLay kñúgeBlEdlBYkCag eZVIkic©

talhIrk; 1 eQμaHsUcimuxk; 1 eQμaHbdtnþÚ 1 eQμaHsutþk;1

karTaMgLay mankargarkab´edaycb nig bU¨vezACaedIm TajnUv

CastVBBak´BBUnelIKña eRtceTACaBYk> enAGaRs&ykñúgeBaHç BYk

ynþ taMgenAehIy kñúgcenøaH éncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMg 21 cgVay

dg,Úv kalebIvtæúman:y nig TwkCaedIm minman k*ke®J¢aleLIg

dUcCaExStUcEdledrnUveBaHev[nZMenaH kñúgcenøaHénmNÐl RTnab´

ERskCJ¢k´nUvsac´ebHdUg nig kñúgeBlEdlbuK<lelb nUvGahar

sMrab´CUteCIgy¨agenaHÉg ehIytaMgenA . edaybriecäT eBaHev[n

manTwk nig ePaCnCaedImcUleTA vamanmat´eTA BÆd*xagelI rvIm

TUcenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nTUc . enHCa

rvam CEJ¢gKña nUvBMnUtBIrbIBMnUt EdlbuK<lelbcUleTA CadMbUgç

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[ntUcenaH . Ékiriya

eBaH dUcCapÞHCaTIekIt Cavc©kudi CamnÞIreBTü nig CaéRBsμsan

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

rbs´dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHç kñúgeBaH vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCnCaedImman

‘GaharzμI’

RbkarepSg> EdlGERgKWeZμjlMGitehIy Edléd KWGNþatpat´


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RbmUlehIy B&nÆB&TÆehIyedaydMuTwkmat´ kñuúgxN;enaH vaCarbs´

Cars ehIycUleTA TMnukbMrugnUvvtæúmanQam nig sac´CaedIm .

dl´RBmedayvtæúmanBN( køin nig rsCaedIm eTAR:sehIy dUc

edaybriecäT eBaHenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaydM:réneBaHhñwg

Twk:yénCagtm|aj nig kMGYtEqÁ Zøak´cuHehIy CavtæúruMB&TÆeday

Ég nig edaycMENkénGaharzμIpgEdr .

Rbmat´ esøsμ nig xül´ CavtæúBuHehIy edaykMLaMg énkMedAePøIg

cMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

kñúgeBaH vwkvr edayhVÚgdg,Úv beJ©jnUvBBuH nig kMeBjTaMgLay

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUv

‘Gaharcas´’

BÆd*xagelI> dl´nUvPav;CakaksMNl´EdlmankøinGaRkk´ nig KYr ex¬IméRkeBk fitenA ‘kñúgeBaH’ manóbmadUcCa kalebIePø{g man

óc©ar; eQμaHza Gaharcas´ . Gaharcas´enaH edayB(N

RKab´d*ezøas bgÁúrcuH kñúgniTaXsm&y‘rdUvekþA’ CasaksBepSg>

manBN(dUcCaGahar EdlbuK<lelbcUleTAehIyhñwgÉg eday

cab´edImGMBImURt krIs; kMNat´Es|k kMNat´qÁwg kMNat´srés

eRcIn . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkas . edayTis

Twkmat´ TwksMe:r nig Qam

KWTwkbnSat´mk Zøak´cuH kñúgreNþA

ekItehIy kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas fitenAehIykñúgRkBH

RCaM Ek|rTVarRsukénmnusScNÐal RbLÚkRbLak´ehIy edayPk´

énGaharcas´ . eQμaHza RkBHénGaharcas´ R:kdesμIeday

nig Twk GMeNIHBIrbIézámk manhÚVgdg,Úv ekItRBmeLIg BuHehIy

bMBg´b\sSI kMBs´RbEvg 8 Gg<úlI fitenA kñúgTIbMputéneBaHev[nZM

edaykMLaMgénkMedARBHGaTitüdutehIy beJ©jnUvBBuH nigkMeBj

kñúgcenøaH énp©itxageRkam nig Kl´énRTnugxñgTaMgLayç vtæúman

TaMgLay BÆd*xagelI manBN(ex[véRkeBk mankøinsÁúyéRkElg

Twk nig ePaCnCaedIm ÉNamYy EdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgRkBH én

KWbuK<lKYrex¬Im dl´nUvPaBCarUb minKYredIrcUleTACit minKYredIm|I

GaharzμI EdlePøIgkñúgeBaH cMGinehIy> opuseLIgCaBBuH dl´

eXIjeLIy taMgenA nwgcaM:c´eBaleTAzVI dl´karhit ß karliD

ehIy nUvPaBCarbs´lÁit dUcCakinedayzμkin ehIyhUrcuHtamrnÆ

dUecñaHÉg . PaBénkarminKab´citþ kñúgvtæúTaMgLay manTwk nig

éneBaHev[nZM sg,t´enAelIKña dUcCadIsÁitBN(el]g EdlbuK<l

ePaCnCaedIm

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

Rc:c´dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMgb\sSI taMgenAkñúgRkBH énGaharcas´

mYyeT[t vtúæmanTwk nig

dUcCaTwkePø{gEdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgPUmiPaKBÆd*xagelI hUrcuHehIy

ePaCnCaedIm EdlZøak´cUlehIy kñúgeBaH dl´nUvkarEbgEckCa

júaMgPUmiPaKxageRkam oeBjeRb[behIytaMgenA y¨agenaHÉg .

rEmgekIteLIg

eRBaH»nUveBaH

eRBaHBicarNaeXIj edaybJ¦ackú¡ .

5 cMENk KWBYkstVTMBasIumYycMENk ePøIgkñúgeBaHdutmYycMENk cMENkmYyCaTwkmURt cMENkmYyCakrIs; cMENkmYydl´nUvPaB

edaybriecäT

Gaharcas´enaH

elakkMNt´ehIy eday

dM:rénRkBH énGaharcas´pg edaycMENk énkrIs;pgEdr .


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enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énGaharcas´enaH . É

edayOkas Rbmat´minmaneRsam elIkElgnUvTIEdlputRsLH

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

caksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUvEs|kTaMg

‘xYrkñúgk|al’ KMnrénxYrEdltaMgenA

rwgTaMgsáÜtpg RCYtRCabeTAkan´srIr;d*essehIytaMgenA dUcCa xYrkñúg

tMNk´eRbg RCYtRCabnUvTwk y¨agenaHÉg kalebIRbmat´minman

k|al . xYrkñúgk|alenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCa

eRsamkMerIkehIy EPñkTaMgLayénstVTaMgLay CaZmμCatel]g

dMuénpSitk|alBs´ .

kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCaTwkedaHRss´

RsvaMg xøÜnjab´j&r rmas´ . Rbmat´maneRsam fitenAehIykñúg

xUc Edlmindl´nUvPaBCaTwkedaHCUr³ dUecñHxøHk*KYrEdr . edayRTg´

eRsamRbmat´ EdldUcCasMbknenagéRBd*ZM GaRs&ynUvsac´ezøIm

RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxag

ehIytaMgenA kñuúgcenøaHénebHdUg nig sYt kalebIRbmat´Edlman

elI . edayOkas xYrkñúgk|alenaH GaRs&ysERgkTaMgLay 4

eRsam kMerIkehIy stVTaMgLay nwgeTACaq,Üt mancitþrevIrvay

taMgenACMuKñaehIy xagkñúgénllad¾k|al

bIdUcCaduMénemSA 4 duM

lHbg´ecalnUvhiri nig Otþb|; eZVInUvGMeBIEdleKminKYreZVI niyay

EdleKRbmUlTukCMuKña y¨agenaHÉg . edaybriecäT xYrkñúgk|al

BaküEdleKminKYrniyay KitnUver]gEdlbuK<lminKYrKit. eday

elakkMNt´ edayépÞxagkñúg énllad¾k|al nig edaycMENk

briecäT Rbmat´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénRbmat´ .

énxYrkñúgk|alpg .

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRbmat´enaH . Ékiriya

kñúgk|alenaH .

kñúgllad¾k|al

eQμaHza

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYr

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaysk´Edr .

‘esøsμ’ ‘Rbmat´’

‘160’

Baküza ²Rbmat´³ KW Rbmat´man 2 KW Rbmat´man

Baküza ²esøsμ³ KW esøsμEdlmanRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt xagkñúgénsrIr; . esøsμenaH edayBN( manBN(-s manB(N

eRsam 1 Rbmat´minmaneRsam 1 . bNþaRbmat´TaMgenaH Rbmat´

bIdUcCaTwk énsøwkxÞwmxab´ .

maneRsam edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbgRsKMxab´ Rbmat´min

Okas . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas taMgenA

maneRsam manBN(dUcCap,aBkulsVit . edayRTg´RTay Rbmat´

ehIy kñuúgdM:réneBaH esøsμ kñúgeBlbuK<lelbnUvGaharmanTwk

TaMg 2 manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

nig ePaCnCaedIm kalebITwk nig ePaCnCaedIm Zøak´cUleTA va

edayTis Rbmat´maneRsam

ekIt kñúgTisxagelI Rbmat´«teRsam ekItkñúgTisTaMgLay 2 .

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytam

EbkeTACaBIrcMENk RKbCitCMuvij fitenAtamedIm manóbmadUcCa


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saray nig ck kñúgTwk kalebIkMNat´eQI ß ek|}g Zøak´cuHeTA

manbUs nig pþÜcCaedIm ekIteLIg kñúgsrIrb|eTsNa> xÞúH k*taMg

k*EbkCaBIrcMENk RKbCMuCitehIytaMgenA dUcedImvij dUecñaHÉg .

enAkñúgsrIrb|eTsenaH> . edaybriecäT xÞúHenaHelakkMNt´ehIy

mYyeT[t kalebIesøsμ mantictYc eBaH CaZmμCat mankøindUcCa

edaycMENkénxÞúH .

saksB EdlKYrex¬IméRkElg dUcCabUsEdlTMu‘Zøay’pg dUcCa

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

Bgman´sÁúypg mankøinsÁuúyKYrex¬Im dUecñaHEdr . mYyeT[t eRBaH

‘Qam’

enHCakarkMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxÞúH

køinEdlekIteLIgehIy GMBIeBaHenaH TaMgkarePIreLIg TaMgmat´ k*

Baküza ²Qam³ KW Qamman 2 y¨ag KW; Qamxab´ 1

mankøinsÁúy dUcCasaksBEdlmankøinsÁúy . mYyeT[t burs

Qamrav 1 . bNþaQamTaMgBIrenaH Qamxab´ edayBN( man

enaH nwgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkKWeKeBal ‘edj’ za ²cUrGñkec[secj

BN(dUcCaTwkl&k¡ EdlbuK<lcMGinxab´ Qamrav manBN(dUcCa

eTA GñkpSaynUvkøinminlÁ³ dUecñH .

mYyeT[t esøsμ cMerIneLIg

Twkl&k¡d*zøa .

edayRTg´RTay QamTaMgBIr manRTg´RTay tam

dl´nUvPaBCarbs´xab´ biTkøinénsaksBCit BÆd*xagkñuúg éndM:r

Okas . edayTis Qamxab´ ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI Qam

eBaHhñwgÉg ehIyfitenA dUcCakþarKRmbvc©kudi . edaybriecäT

eRkAenH ekItkñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas Qamrav elITuk

esøsμenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénesøsμ . enHCakiriya

nUvTIbMputcaksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUv

kMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énesøsμenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kTaMgrwgTaMgsáÜtpg pSayeTAkan´ó:TinñksrIr;TaMgGs´ehIy

minesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

taMgenA

tamExSbNþajénsrés

Qamxab´

júaMgcMENkxag

eRkaménTItaMgénezøImoeBjehIy manRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt hUr

‘xÞúH’ Baküza ²xÞúH³ KW xÞúHenaH manBN(dUcCasøwkeQIel]g . Et

ecjbnþic> xagelI éntMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYt júaMg

kñúgsrIr;mnusSEdlsøab´ehIy xÞúHmanBN(dUcCaTwk:ypÁÚmxab´.

tMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYtTaMgLay oesImfitenA eRBaH

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis mankñúg

za kalebIQamenaH minjúaMgGakar;TaMgLay mantMrgbsSav;

TisTaMgLayBIr . ebIeBaltamOkas ZmμtaOkasénxÞúH Cab´Ca

ebHdUgCaedIm oesImeT stVTaMgLay k*nwgeRskXøan . eday

nic© minman xÞúHenaH kkehIyfitenA kñúgOkas .

k*kalebIsrIr-

briecäT QamenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénQam . enH

b|eTs EdlvtæúTaMgLaymandg<t´ bnøa eRK]gRbhar nigGNþat

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénQamenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

ePøIgCaedIm bHTg<icehIy QamedarehIyBg ßk* BkTaMgLay

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


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‘ejIs’

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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énEs|k nig sac´ sMrab´mnusSs<m manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´

Baküza ²ejIs³ KW ZatuTwkEdlhUrecj GMBIrnÆTaMgLay

sMBt´BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t EdlbuK<leZVIoeTACaBIrbICan´

manrnÆeramCaedIm . ejIsenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglá

ehIytMkl´Tuk eRBaHGaRs&y nUvsac´TaMgLayenH KW; sac´sμg

d*zøa . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. edayTis ekIt

sac´ePøA sac´xñg EdlGaRs&ynUvRTnugxñg sac´kNþab´eBaH .

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas ejIsenaH Kb|IfitenA sBV>

edayTis xøaj´xab´ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas

kal dUcCaQam kñúgOkasNa ZmμtaOkasénejIs Cab´Canic©

xøaj´xab´ pSayeTAkan´srIr;TaMgmUl rbs´mnusSZat´ GaRs&ynUv

enaH minman .

sac´epSg>

k*kñúgkalNa srIr; sÁúHsÁab´GMBIehtuTaMgLay

mansac´sμgmnusSs<mCaedImfitenA

CnTaMgLay

mankMedAePøIg kMedARBHGaTitü nig karERbRbYlrdUvCaedIm kñúgkal

minkan´yknUvxøaj´xab´ sUm|Idl´ehIynUvkarrab´za CaeRbg edIm|I

enaH ejIs k*hUrecj GMBIcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eramTaMgBYg dUc

RbeyaCn¾eZVICaeRbg ‘sMrab´labnUvsk´’ elIk|al minkan´yk

Ca:c´énTgQUk RKan´EtbuK<ldkehIy GMBITwk manRkeGA nig

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´vtæúTaMgLaymaneRbgsMrab´hit tamRcmuH Ca

sUm|IRTg´RTay énejIsenaH

edIm eRBaHxøaj´xab´nu@H Carbs´EdlKYrex¬IméRkeBk . edaybriecäT

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacéncenøaHénrnÆsk´ nigeramhñwgÉg .

xageRkam xøaj´xab´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

k*RBHeyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvejIs Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvejIs eday

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´edaycMENk énxøaj´xab´ .

GMNacénejIsEdljúaMgcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eram oeBjehIy

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxøaj´xab´enaH .

fitenAhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT ejIs elakkMNt´ehIy eday

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

b\s dac´minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH

cMENkénejIs .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénejIs

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘xøaj´xab´’ Baküza ²xøaj´xab´³ KW C&rEdlxab´ . xøaj´xab´enaH eday

enH

Ékiriya

‘TwkEPñk’ Baküza ²TwkEPñk³ KWZatuTwkEdlhUrecjBIEPñkTaMgLay. TwkEPñkenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglád*zøa . edayRTg´ RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTis

BN( manBN(dUcCarem[tEdlbuK<lcitehIy . edayRTg´RTay

xagelI . edayOkas fitenAehIy kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay .

xøaj´xab´ sMrab´mnusSZat´ mun manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´sMBt´

TwkEPñkenH min:ndk´enA sBV> kal kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay dUcCa

BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t

TwkRbmat´dk´enA kñúgeRsamRbmat´eT .

EdlbuK<ltMkl´TukehIy kñúgcenøaH

k*kñúgkalNa

bu¨Enþ

stVTaMg


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Lay ekItesamnsS esIcy¨agxøaMg ekIteTamnsS yMxSwkxSÜl

kMedARBHGaTitü rdUvminesμI nig ZatuminesμITaMgLay kñúgeBlenaH

ßk* elbGaharminesμI mansPaBdUecñaH

xøaj´xab´enaH sJ©reTA xagnu@Hpg xagenHpg kñúgsrIrb|eTsTaMg

EPñkTaMgLay

énstVTaMgLayenaH

mYyeT[t kñúgkalNa

xÞaMgxÞb´

edayvtæúTaMgLay

LayenaH dUcCatMNk´eRbgEdlRsk´cuHeTA elITwkEdlzøa kñuúg

manEpSgZUlI nig Gacm¾dICaedIm kñúgkalenaH TwkEPñkenaH k*ekIt

eBlEdlgUtdUecñaHÉg . edaybriecäT xøaj´ravenaH elakkMNt´

eLIg eRBaHesamnsS nig eTamnsS Gahar nig rdUvEdlminesμI

ehIy edaycMENkénxøaj´rav .

TaMgLayenHehIy fitenAeBjrnÆEPñkxøH hUrecjmkxøH . k*RBH

rbs´xøÜnénxøaj´ravenaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

eyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvTwkEPñk Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNac énTwkEPñk

esμIedaysk´Edr .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

‘Twkmat´’

EdljúaMgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay oeBjehIy fitenAhñwgÉg . eday briecäT TwkEPñk elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkEPñk . enH

ZatuTwklayedayBBuH BÆd*xagkñúgmat´ eQμaHzaTwkmat´ .

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwkEPñkenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

Twkmat´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s manBN(dUcBBuHTwk . eday

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. kareBalza ²manRTg´RTay dUcCaBBuHTwk³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr .

‘xøaj´rav’ ‘161’

edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTisxag

Baküza ²xøaj´rav³ ERbza C&rrav . xøaj´ravenaH

elI . edayOkas Twkmat´enaH hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr

edayBN( manBN(dUceRbgdUg . kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCa

ehIyfitenA elIGNþat . bu¨EnþTwkmat´enaH minEdldk´enA kñúgTI

eRbgEdleKeRsacehIy kñúgTwk:y³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr . edayRTg´

nu@H sBV> kal eT k*kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLayeXIj ß rlwk

RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCatMNt´eRbgEdlRsk´cuH GENþt BÆd*

dl´nUvGahar y¨agdUecñaH ßk* dak´nUvGaharNamYy kñúgcMeNam

xagelI énTwkEdlzøa kñúgevlaEdlgUt . edayTis ekItkñúgTis

GaharEdlmanrsekþA lVIg hwr éRb nig CUr TaMgLay kñúgmat´

TaMgLayBIr . edayOkas PaKeRcIn xøaj´xab´enaH fitenAehIy

ßk* kñúgeBlNa ebHdUg rbs´stVTaMgLayenaH rmYl ß esckþI

elIépÞéd xñgéd épÞeCIg xñgeCIg ekþagRcmuH záas nig cg,Úy

ex¬Im ekIteLIgkñúgvtæúNamYyhñwgÉg kñúgeBlenaH Twkmat´ ekIt

sμaTaMgLay . b¨uEnþxøaj´xab´enH minEmnCaZmμCatrlay fitenA

eLIgehIy hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgLayBIr ehIyfitenA elI

kñúgOkasTaMgenH sBV> kal :neT

GNþat . mYyeT[t Twkmat´enaH elIcugGNþat mantic elIKl´

k*kñúgeBlNa RbeTs ‘KW

ragkay’ TaMgenaH CasPav;mancMhayekItehIy eRBaHkMedAePøIg

GNþat maneRcIn .

mYyeT[t GNþatn@uH mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA


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esaHeLIy dUcCaTwkGNþÚg EdlbuK<lCIkehIy elIdIxSac´ Ek|r

Edldk´enAeBjekþagRcmuHhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT TwksMe:renaH

sÞwg mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA dUecñaHÉg CaTwkmat´Gac edIm|InwgjúaMg

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwksMe:r . enHCakarkMNt´

GMbuk ß Gg,r ßk* júaMgxaTnIy; déTNamYy EdleKdak´cUleTA

nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwksMe:renaH .

ehIy kñúgmat´ oesIm:n .

esμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaybriecäT Twkmat´enaH elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkmat´ . enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwkmat´enaH .

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

‘TwklMGil’ saksBCalMGil BÆd*xagkñúg éntMNkñúgsrIr; eQμaHza TwklMGil . TwklMGilenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaC&r énp,a

esμIedaysk´Edr .

kNÑikar . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . ekIt kñúg

‘TwksMe:r’ TwkminsÁat

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkmin

eQμaHza

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas TwklMGilenaH fitenA xagkñúg

TwksMe:renaH edayBN( manBN(bIdUcCaxYr kñúg

éntMN 180 júaMgkic©KWkarbt´nUvtMNénqÁwgTaMgLay osMerc .

RKab´etñatx©I . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . eday

k*TwklMGilnu@H énbuK<lNamantic kalebIbuK<lenaH eRkakeLIg

Tis ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenAeBjekþag

Gg<úycuH QaneTAmux QanzyeRkay bt´cUl laecj qÁwgTaMg

RcmuH . bu¨Enþ TwksMe:renaH minfitenA kñúgekþagRcmuHnu@H sBV>

Lay k*rEmglan´»sUrsMeLgkd;kd; dUcCabuK<ledIrpÞat´Rmam

kaleT . tamBit kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLay yM ßk* CaGñkman

éd y¨agdUecñaHÉg . kalbuK<lenaH edIreTAkan´pøÚvqáay Gs´TI

karkMerIkénZatuEdlekIteLIg edayGMNacénGahar nigrdUv man

Rtwm 1 eyaCn¾ nig 2 eyaCn¾

cMENkminesμI kñúgeBlenaH xYrkñúgk|al Edldl´ehIynUvPaBCa

k*lM:k . Etza TwklMGil énbuK<lNa maneRcIn qÁwgTaMgLay

esøsμsÁúy hUrecj GMBIxagkñúgk|al ehIyqøgcuH tamcenøaHTI

énbuK<lenaH minlan´»sUrsMeLg kd;kd; kñúgkarkMerIkTaMgLay

bMputRkGUmmat´ehIy júaMgekþagRcmuHoeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUr

mankareRkak nig karGg<úyCaedImeT

ecjxøH dUcCabursx©b´nUvTwkedaHCUr kñúgsøwkQUkehIy ykbnøa

eTAkan´pøÚvqáay vaeyaZatu k*minkMerIk xøÜnTaMgLay k*minlM:k .

cak´ BÆd*xageRkam kalebIdUecñaH TwkedaHCUrrav k*hUrecjmk tam

edaybriecäT TwklMGilenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkén

RbehagenaHehIy Kb|IZøak´cuHmkxageRkA y¨agenaHÉg . k*RBH

TwklMGil. enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwklMGilenaH .

eyaKIGñkkMNt´nUvTwksMe:r Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacTwksMe:r

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

TwksMe:r .

EdlhUrecjmk

GMBIxYrkñúgk|al

vaeyaZatu k*kMerIk

xøÜnTaMgLay

kalebIbuK<lenaH sUm|IedIr


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79

‘TwkmURt’

80

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tamn&yza ²edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk³ dUecñHCaedIm kñúgTI

Baküza ²TwkmURt³ KW edayBN( TwkmURtenaHmanBN(dUc

bMputénkarQanknøgnUvbJ¦tþi BicarNa nUvkayenHza ²sk´TaMg

CaTwkk|úg énsENþkraCmas . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTay

Lay man kñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ Zm(TaMgLayTaMgBYgenaH Ca

dUcCaTwkEdlfitenA xagkñúgkÁmTwk EdlbuK<ldak´p,ab´mat´ eTA

Zm(R:kd minmunmineRkay eRb[bdUcCakalbursmanckú¡ RkeLk

xageRkam . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas

emIlnUvp,akRmg EdleKRkgp,amanBN( 32 Rbkar edayGMe:H

fitenAxagkñúg énRkBHbsSav; . epøakénRkBHbsSav; elakehA

mYysrésrYmKña p,aTaMgBYgTaMgLayCap,aR:kd minmunmineRkay

za eQμaHza RkBHbsSav; .

TwkmURt GMBIsrIr; kñúgRkBHbsSav;

dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalTuk kñúgmnsikareka-

EtghUrcUl Etza pøÚvCaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkmURtenaH minR:kdeT

sløkza za; k*GaTikmμikbuK<l kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²eksa³

R:kdEtpøÚvCaTIhUrecj dUcCaTwkRCaM hUrcUleTA kñúgkÁmEdlRsaM

dUecñH mnsikar eTATl´nwgcMENkCaTIbMputenHza ²mutþM³ ehIyfit

manmat´cuHeRkam EdlbuK<ldak´ehIyenAEk|rreNþATwkRCaM EtpøÚv CaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkRCaMenaH minR:kd y¨agenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kalebIRkBHbsSav; eBjehIy edayTwkmURt esckþIxVlx ´ Vayza ²eyIgTaMgLaybenÞabg´nUvbsSav;³ Etgmandl´stVTaMgLay . edaybriecäT TwkmURtenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edayxagkñúgénRkBH bsSav;pg edaycMENk énTwkmURtpgEdr . cMENkrbs´xøÜn énTwkmURtenaH .

enHCakarkMNt´nUv

ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

srub ‘162’

k*kalRBHeyaKI kalkMNt´nUvcMENkTaMgLay

mansk´CaedIm edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT y¨agenHehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²bdikUl>³ edaycMENk 5

edayGMNayBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas

enA . k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlmknUvmnsikar sUm|Ixag eRkA kalebIdUecñH nakalekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLayR:kd dl´ RBHeyaKIenaH y¨agenH stVTaMgLay manmnusS nig tircäan Ca edIm EdledIrmk lHbg´nUvGakar;rbs´stV rEmgR:kd eday GMNacénKMnrénekadðas;Etmüa¨g

k*vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCn CaedIm

EdlstVTaMgLaymanmnusS nig tircäanCaedImenaH elbcUleTA rEmgR:kd bIdUcCavtæúEdleKdak´cUleTA kñúgKMnrénekadðas; .

‘nimitþ kñúglMdab´enaH

nig

Gb|na’

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> za

²bdikUl>³ edayGMNacénmnsikarekasløviZI mankarlHbg´nUv lMdab´CaedIm Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg tamlMdab´ . kñúgkiriyaekIt eLIgénGb|naenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza; kiriyaR:kd edayGMNac énBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas

nig briecäT éncMENkTaMgLay


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82

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘ehtuEdlehAzakayKtasti’

mansk´CaedIm eQμaHza óK<hnimitþ kiriyaR:kd ‘énekadðas; TaMgenaH’ edayGMNacénbdikUl edayGakar;RKb´y¨ag eQμaHza bdiPaKnimtþ .

kalRBHeyaKI esB eZIVoeRcIn nUvbdiPaKnimitþ

enaH Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg edayGMNacénbfmCÄan bIdUcCa

k*kmμdðanenH sUm|IsMerc edayGMNacénbfmCÄan y¨ag dUecñH k*elakehAza ²kayKtasti³ eRBaHsMerc edaykMLaMg én sti kñúgcMENkTaMgLay manBN( nig RTg´RTayCaedIm .

‘GanisgScMerInkayKtasti’

Gb|na kñúgGsuPkmμdðan tamn&yEdleyIgeBalmkehIy . RBH eyaKavcrNamancMENkmYyKt´R:kd ßRBHeyaKavcrNa dl´

k*ÉPikú¡EdlRbkber]y>

nUvkayKtastienH

nUvGb|na kñúgcMENkmYyehIy mineZVInUvesckþIBüayam CaeRK]g

sg,t´esckþIeRtkGr

Rbkb kñúgcMENkdéT bEnæmeT[t

eRtkGr k*minRKbsg,t´nUvPikú¡enaHeLIy Pikú¡enaH EtgRKbsg,t´

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH .

Gb|na EtmYyKt´ rEmgekIt

cMENkÉRBHeyaKavcrNa man

edayesckIþmineRtkGr:n

CaGñkRKb

ehIy> nUvesckþImineRtkGrEdlekItehIy 1ç

TaMgesckþImin

CaGñkRKbsg,t´

cMENkd*eRcIn R:kd ßza RBHeyaKavcrNa dl´nUvQan kñúg

nUvP&y nig esckþIxøac:n

cMENkmYyehIy k*eZVInUvesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb sUm|Ikñúg

Pikú¡enaHBMu:neLIy Pikú¡enaHEtgRKbsg,t´ehIynUvP&y nig esckþI

cMENkdéT bnþeTAeT[t

bfmCÄanTaMgLay edaykiriyarab´nUv

xøacEdlekItehIy 1ç CaGñkGt´Zμt´cMeBaHRtCak´ kMedA ‘1’ .eb.

cMENk rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH> dUcCabfmCÄan

CaGñkGt´Zμt´ cMeBaHKnøgBakü EdleKeBalGaRkk´ÇÇÇ EdlGacnaM

TaMgLay ekIteLIg dl´RBHmløketær dUecñaHÉg .

nUvCIvitecj:n 1ç CaGñk:nQan 4

:n»za elakGñkmanGayuenaH cab´édRBHGPyetær Gñk eBalKm¬IrTIXnikayehIy eBalza ²mñalGP&yd*manGayu bnþ GMBIenH cUrGñker[nnUvbJØaenHmun³ ehIyeBalza ²RBHmløketær CaGñk:n nUvbfmCÄan 32 kñúgcMENk 32 RbsinebIelakcUl nUvQanmYy kñúgevlayb´ QanmYy kñúgevlaézá elaksMercnUv QanenaH mþgeT[t edayknøHénExd*éRkElg RbsinebIelakcUl QanmYy ral´> ézá Elg³ dUecñHÉg .

elakk*sMerc mþgeT[t edayExmYyd*éRk

ÉP&y nig esckþIxøac RKbsg,t´ nUv

cak´ZøúHnUvGPiJ¦a 6 eRBaH

GaRs&ynUvBN(epSg> énekadðas;TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm .

eRBaHehtudUecñaHÉg

Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\a

Kb|ICaGñk

minRbmaT Rbkber]y>nUvkayKtastienH Edl manGanisgSeRcIn dUc:neBalmkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgkayKtasti . v

1- suÇ mÇ

j

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 397 .

v


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Gana:nsti ‘163’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs 2- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gana:nsStienaHNa EdlRBH

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

84

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

:neZVIo

dkdegØImecjxøI ß kaldkdegØIycUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI . 3- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvkay KWdk

eRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLM

degØImecjTaMgBYg

eday ‘tNØa nig ó:Tan’ pg

dwgc|as´nUvkay KWdkdegØImcUlTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImcUl .

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþI

nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGjkMNt´

suxpg EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay CaGkusld*lamk EdlekIteLIg

4- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar KWdk

ehIy> oGnþrZan osáb´rmáab´eTA edayehtud*smKYr³ y¨ag

degØImecj nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUv

dUecñHehIy RTg´sMEdgecj oCakmμdðanmanvtæú 16 y¨agdUecñHza

kaysg¡ar KWdkdegØImcUl nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI2’

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cuHGana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZ(m

5- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvbIti nwgdk

minRcLÚkRcLMeday ‘tNØanigó:Tan’ pg CaZm(CaeRK]genA naM

degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvbIti nwgdkdegØImcUl .

mknUvesckþIsuxpg

EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay

CaGkusld*lamk

EdlekIteLIgehIy>

oGnþrZan

osáb´rmáab´eTA

edayehtud*

smKYr etIdUcemþc .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH enA

kñúgéRBkþI enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI enAkñúgpÞHsáat´kþI Gg<úyEBnEPñn taMg kayoRtg´ p©g´sμartI omanmuxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ .

Pikú¡enaH

manstidkdegØIyecj manstidkdegØImcUl ‘manvtæú 16 KW;’

‘ctuk,;TI1’ 1- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za Gatμa GjdkdegØImecjEvg

ß

kaldkdegØIycUlEvg

GatμaGjdkdegØImcUlEvg .

k*dwgc|as´za

6- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþIsux nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþI sux nwgdkdegØImcUl . 7- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar KWsJ¦a nig evTna nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´

dwgc|as´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl . 8- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj rmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØIm ecj sikSaza GatμaGjrmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI3’ 9- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvcitþ nwgdk


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degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvcitþ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 10- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþorIkray nwgdk degØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray

nwgdk

86

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØIm ‘1’ cUl³ dUecñHÉg . nieTÞs énkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH dl´ehIy tamlMdab´ . EteRBaHnieTÞsenaH kalebIeBaltamlMGanénkar

degØImcUl . 11- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþ otaMgenA kñúg

BN(nanUv:LIhñwgÉg

nwgbribUredayGakar;TaMgBYg

eRBaHehtu

GarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMg

enaH kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH nieTÞsenH KWCanieTÞsmankar

citþotaMgenA kñúgGarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImcUl .

BN(nanUv:LI dl´mun .

12-

Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþ

‘caknIvrNZm(CaedIm’ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkal júaMgcitþorYcRsLH nwgdkdegØImcUl .

13- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNa eXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImcUl . 14- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk

BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImcUl . 15- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 16- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØImecj

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

Rtg´bTTaMgLayenH za

²kzM Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<lcMerInehIy edayRbkardUcemþc³

‘ctuk,;TI4’

R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImecj

‘BRgIkesckþIén:LIBaküsYr’

orYcRsLH

sikSaza GatμaGj Ca

dUecñHCaedImmun . Baküza ²kzM³ CaRBHbucäa edayPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zña cg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar eday RbkarepSg> . Baküza ²Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi³ CaBaküCaeRK]gsMEdgecj nUvZm(EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sYrehIy eRBaHPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zñacg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar edayRbkarepSg> . n&ysUm|IkñúgBakü za ²kzM BhulIketa .eb. vUbsemti³ enH k*dUcn&yenHEdr . bNþbTTaMgenaH bTza ²Pavieta³ KWeZVIoekIteLIgpg o cMerIneLIgpg .

bTza ²Gana:nsStismaZi³ esckþIza smaZi

1- suÇ sMÇ mÇ PaKTI 39 TMB&rTI 27 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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88

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysti EdlkMNt´nUvxül´dkdegØImecj

cMENkkñúgBakünu@Hza ²Gescneka c suexa c vihaera

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl mYyeT[t smaZi kñúgGana:nsSti eQμaH

CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLMpg CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg³

bTza ²BhulIketa³ ERbza eZVIo:n

manGZib|ayza; kiriyaeRsacRsb´ minman dl´Gana:nsSti-

za Gna:nsStismaZi .

smaZienaH eRBaHehtuenaH Gana:nsStismaZienaH eTIbeQμaHza

er]y> .

minmankareRsacRsb´

‘Eksenþa bNIeta’ bTBIrza ²senþa ecv bNIeta c³ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*

KWmin:c´eR:HRBM

minRcLÚkRcLM

Ejk

edayELk minRcbUkRcbl´ç esckþIlÁit kñúgGana:nsStismaZi

ótþmpg . bNÐitKb|IRCab kiriyakMNt´ kñúgbTTaMgBIr eday

enH minmanedaybrikmμ ß edayóbcar;eT

Évs&BÞ . sYrza; BaküdUcemþcEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy .

enH

eqøIyza; RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²EmnBit Gana:nsStismaZi enH

cab´edImGMBIkarRbmUlcitþeZVIkmμdðanCadMbUgmk . cMENkÉGacarü

minEmnCaZm(minlÁitpg

CaZm(minótþmpg

edaybriyayÉNa

CaZm(d*lÁitpg

CaZm(d¾ótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZi

edayPav;rbs´xøÜnEmnBit

BYkxøH eBalza; bTza ²Gescneka³ esckþIza min:c´eR:HRBM

mYy dUcCaGsuPkmμdðan EdlCaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(ótþmpg eday

Carbs´manrsqáaj´ tamsPav;hñwgÉg .

GMNac

minótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZienH CaZm(minmankareRsacRsb´hñwgÉg eTIb

manGarmμN¾d*

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg eRBaHRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:n

énkarcak´ZøúHEtmüa¨g

edayGMNacénGarmμN¾

bu¨EnþCaZm(minlÁitpg

eRBaHGsuPkmμdðanenaH

eRKatRKatpg manGarmμN¾CabdikUlpg dUecñaHeT .

ebItamBit

eTA Gana:nsStismaZi eQμaHza CaZm(lÁit KWCaZm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(rMlt´

eRBaHGana:nsStismaZienaH

CaZm(d*lÁit

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab za

cMeBaH nUvesckþIsuxtampøÚvkay nig esckþIsuxtampøÚvcitþ kñúg xN;Edldl´nUvGb|na . bTza ²ób|nñúb|enñ³ KWEdlminTan´:nsg,t´sg,inehIy> .

GarmμN¾xøH eRBaHCaZm(lÁitedayGg< Edlrab´:nza CabdievZ xøH

bTza ²:bek³ KWd*GaRkk´ . bTBIrza ²Gkusel Zemμ³ KWZ(m

eQμaHza CaZm(d*ótþm KWmineZVIoEqÁt eRBaHGana:nsStismaZinu@H

EdlekItGMBIesckþIminqøat . bTBIrza ²fanesa

CaZm(d*ótþm edayGarmμN¾xøH CaZm(d*ótþm edayGg<xøH³ dUecñH .

KWjúaMgZm(EdlCa:bGkusloGnþrZaneTA KWosáb´rmáab´ eday

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ² ‘Gana:nsSti-

xN;hñwgÉg .

smaZi’ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg³ .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKavcrenaH dl´nUvesckþIcMerIn edayGriymK<

‘EkGescneka’

tamlMdab´ rEmgpþac´bg´ GZib|ayza eZVIosáb´rmáab´ eRBaHPav;én

GnþrZaebti³

bTza ²vUbsemti³ KW ocUleTArmáab´ edaylÁ


visuTÆimK< ERb

89

Gana:nsStismaZienaH CaZm(mancMENkénesckþITMluHTMlay. k*kñúgRBH:LIénBaküsYrenaH manesckþIseg¡bdUcteTAenH

90

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sáat´kþI³ CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn; mansPaBd*sm KYr

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi

énRBHeyaKIPikú¡eenaH .

za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn

eRBaHza citþénPikú¡enH pSayeTAer]y> kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLayman

ehIy

edayviZIdUc

rU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalmanraRtId*Evg minR:zña edIm|IeLIgkan´

emþc :neZVIoeRcInehIy edayRbkar;dUcemþcÇÇÇ eTIbCaZm(d*lÁit

GarmμN¾ KWGana:nsStismaZieT rEmgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusEtmüa¨g

pg .el. osáb´rmáab´ edayehtud*smKYr³ .

dUcrzEdleKTwm edayeKaeK[c EtgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusdUecñaHEdr .

edayRbkar;dUcemþc

edayGakar;dUcemþc

‘Bnül´esckþIén:LIeqøIy’ ‘164’

«LÚvenH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´júaMgesckþI

enaH oBisþar eTIbRtas´nUvBaküza ²«Z Pik¡ev³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘Ek«Zs&BÞ’ kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

²«Z Pik¡ev Pikú¡³ esckþIza

Baküza

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH . eRBaHza «Zs&BÞenH kñúg bTza ²«Z Pik¡ev Pik¡ú³ nu@H CaeRK]gbMePøInUvsasnaEdlCaTIkekIt énbuK<lGñkjúaMgGana:nsStismaZi manRbkarTaMgBYgoekItpg CaeRK]gbdiesZnUvPaBy¨agdUecñaH énsasnadéTpg . smdUc CaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay smN; mankñúg sasnaenHbu¨eNÑaHÉg LaydéT³ ‘1’ dUecñH .

.l.

lTÆidéT

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

Rtas´za ²«msμw sasen Pikú¡

Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH³ dUecñH .

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta BaküenH za ²enAkñúgéRBkþI 1-

suÇ

GMÇ

sUnücaksmN;TaMg

.eb.

n&yTI1’

enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI

PaKTI 43 TMB&rTI 245 .

enAkñúgpÞH

eRBaHehtuenaH nayeKa:l GñkR:zñaedIm|IbgØat´ nUvkUneKaeK[c EdlpwkTwkedaHRss´TaMgGs´ énemeKaeK[c :nZMZat´eLIgehIy bMEbkecjGMBIemeKa daMnUvssrd*ZM kñúgTId*smKYrmYyehIy yk ExScg Rtg´ssrenaH kalebImanRbkardUecñaH kUneKa énnay eKa:lenaH k*minGacedIm|InwgerIbRgH eTAxagenHpg xagnu@Hpg ehIyrt´eKceTA:neLIy Kb|IQrRCb´ ß edkRCb´enARtg´ssr ZMenaHÉg manóbmay¨agNamij sUm|IPikú¡enHÉg R:zñaedIm|Inwg TUnμancitþd*kac EdlcMerInedaykarpwknUvrsénGarmμN¾ manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalénraRtId*Evg k*Kb|InaMecjGMBIGarmμN¾man rU:rmμN¾CaedImehIycUleTAkan´éRBkþI .l. kan´pÞHsáat´kþIehIy cg Rtg´ssr KWxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlenaH edayExSKWsti kalebIcg:ndUecñaH citþ énPikú¡enaH sUm|IsÞúHeTA xagenHpg xagnu@Hpg k*min:nnUvGarmμN¾EdlxøÜnsnSMehIy kñúg kalmun minGacedIm|Inwgkat´pþac´ExSKWsti ehIyrt´eKc:neLIy k*rEmgEGbenARCb´ nig edkenARCb´Cab´nwgGarmμN¾enaHÉg eday GMNacénóbcar; nig Gb|na k*manóbemyüy¨agenaHÉg .


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92

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbe:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH

eTIbRTg´Rtas´za

²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

nr; kalbgØat´nUvkUneKa Kb|Icg ‘va’ Rtg´ssr

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta

y¨agNamij Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH Kb|IcgnUvcitþ

.eb.

n&yTI3’

EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK eRb[bdUcCaGacarü GñkecHnUvPUmi-

rbs´xøÜn o:nmaMkñúgGarmμN¾ edaysti k*y¨ag

sa®sþ . GacarüGñkecHnUvPUmisa®sþenaH eXIjnUvTIénnKrehIy

dUecñaHEdr .

BicarNa edayRbéBehIy cgÁúlR:b´za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaysag

esnasn;enaH CaTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´Pavna énRBH

nUvnKr kñúgTIenH³ dUecñH luHdl´nKr:nseRmc edaysYsþIehIy

eyaKIenaH y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úM eBalhIyza

k*:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcIn GMBIraCRtkUl y¨agNamij

²BaküenH CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr dl´kar

PaKGg<enaH RTg´BicarNanUvTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´RBHeyaKa-

cMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi énRBHeyaKavcrenaH³ .

vcr ehIyRTg´cgÁúlR:b´za ²RBHeyaKI Kb|IRbkbkmμdðaner]y>

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta n&ymYyeT[t

.eb.

n&yTI2’

kñúgTIesnasn;enH³

tGMBIenaHeTA

kalebIRBHGrhtþpl

Ca

EdlRBHeyaKIGñkRbkbkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIenaH :nseRmcehIy

kMBUl kñúgRbePTénkmμdðan CabTdðan énkiriya:nnUvKuNviess

edaylMdab´ rEmgRTg´:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcInza ²RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

nigkiriyaenACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ énRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig sav&k

enaH CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ BitR:kdEmn³ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . cMENk

énRBHBuTÆRKb´RBHGg<

Pikú¡enH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²R:kdesμIedayxøadMbg³ .

edIm|IminlHbg´

eRBaHehtuza Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH

dUecñH

RBHmanRBH

KWRBHeyaKavcr

minEmneZVI:nedaygay

nUvesnasn;TIbMputénRsuk

Edlvwkvr

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCabGZib|ayza ²dUcCaesþcxøadMbgd*ZM BYnEGbehIy

sMeLg én®sþI burs dMrI nig esHCaedIm ehIycMerIn:neT eRBaH

nUvs|atesμAkþI s|atéRBkþI s|atPñMkþI kñúgéRB ehIycab´RmwKTaMg

PaBénQanmansMeLgCabnøa

Lay manRkbIéRB rmaMg nig RCUkéRBCaedIm y¨agNamij

EtzakñúgTIminEmnRsuk

KWkñúgéRB

Pikú¡

RBHeyaKavcr eZVI:nedaygay edIm|Ikan´yknUvkmμdðanenH ehIy

GñkRbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIesnasn;d*smKYrTaMgLay man

júaMgGana:nctutæCÄan oekIteLIg ehIyeZVIQanenaHÉg oCa

éRBCaedImenH

eCIg BicarNanUvsg¡arTaMgLay ehIyseRmc nUvRBHGrhtþ Ca

KamimK< nig GrhtþmK<pg nig nUvGriyplpg tamsmKYrtam

pld*kMBUl

lMdab´ y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´sMEdg

rEmgcab´yknUvesatabtþimK< skTaKamimK< Gna

eRBaHehtuenaH e:raNacarü eBalza


visuTÆimK< ERb

ZmμtaxøadMbg

BYnsmáMehIy

Lay y¨agNamij

93

cab´yknUvRmwKTaMg

Pikú¡enH CabuRtRBHBuTÆ Gñk

manesckþIBüayamRbkbehIy CaGñkeXIjc|as´ cUleTAkan´éRBehIy Etgcab´yk nUvpld*ótþm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . ‘165’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgnUv

TIesnasn;kñúgéRB

EdlCakEnøgRbkbesckþIBüayam

énbuK<l

GñkmanBüayam nig GñkmanesckþIsÞúHsÞar dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘EkGtæbTepSg>én:LIBaküeqøIy’ bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²GrJ¦Keta³ esckþIza; Pikú¡ eTA kan´éRBNamYy EdlmanesckþIsux ekItGMBIvievk bNþaéRBTaMg Lay manlk¡N;EdlelakeBalmkehIy y¨agenHza ²eQμaH za éRB :ndl´éRBTaMgGs´enaH ecjeTAxageRkAGMBIssreKal³ dUecñHkþI za ²esnasn; mankñúgTIbMput RbEvg 500 CYrZñÚ eQμaHza esnasn; taMgenAkñúgéRB³ dUecñHkþI . bTza ²ruk¡mUlKeta³ KWPikú¡ eTAkan´TICiténKl´eQI . bTza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ KWeTAkan´Okas EdlsUnü KWOkasEdlsáat´ .

k*kñúg:LIza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³

enH elIkTuknUvéRB nig Kl´eQIecj Pikú¡sUm|IeTAkan´esnasn; d*ess man 7 Rbkar . kareBalza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ k*KYr . RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´cgÁúlR:b´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

94

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti d*smKYrdl´rdUvpg d*smKYr dl´ Zatu nig criyapg y¨agenHehIy RTg´sMEdgR:b´nUv«riyabz d* sáb´

EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgBYk

énkarminrujra

nig

karminGENþt

GNþÚg dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²nisITti Gg<úy³ dUecñH . kñúglMdab´enaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvPaBén karGg<úynwgZwgpg nUvPaBénkarRbRBwtþieTARsYl énxül´dkdegØIm ecj nigxül´dkdegØImcUl nig nUvó:yeRK]gkMNt´ nUvGarmμN¾ pg eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²bløg,M GaPuCitVa EBnEPñn³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²bløg,M³ KWGg<úybt´nUvePøA eday CMuvij . bTza ²GaPuCitVa³ KWbt´cUlehIy . eRcInbTza ²óCMu

kayM bNiZay³ esckþIza; taMgsrIr;xagelIoRtg´ehIy júaMg cug edaycug oer[bry Rtg´RTnugénxñg 18 . eRBaHza kalebI RBHeyaKI Gg<úyy¨agenH Es|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLay nwg minRbywtcuH

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

evTnaTaMgLayNa

Kb|I

ekIteLIg ral´> xN; eRBaHkarRbywtcuH énEs|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLayenaHCabc©&y

evTnaTaMgLayenaH

rEmgminekIt

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH kalebIevTnaTaMgLayenaH minekIteLIg citþ k*CaZmμCatmanGarmμN¾EtmYy kmμdðan minezøaHeZøay cUl dl´esckþIcMerIn esckþIlUtlas´ . eRcInbTza ²brimuxM stw

óbdðebtVa³ ERbza taMgsti omanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´kmμdðan . n&y mYyeT[t Rtg´bTza ²brimuxM stw³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI GZib|ay

tamn&yEdlRBHsarIbuRt

eBalehIy

kñúgbdismÖiTa


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96

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

y¨agenHza; Rtg´Baküza ²bri³ manGtæza kMNt´ Rtg´Baküza

maM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaN

²muxM³ manGtæza Zm(CaeRK]gnaMecj Rtg´bTza ²sti³ manGtæ

enaH .l. kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

za RbugRby&tñ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²taMgstioman

mYy minraymay edayGMNacéndegØImecj sRmab´GñkBicar-

muxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Na

enHKWCaesckþIseg¡b kñúg

eXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecjcakkiels

edayGMNac

bdismÖiTaenaH za ²RBHeyaKI eZVIsti omankarnaMecj cakZ(m

éndegØImcUl sRmab´GñkBicarNaeXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecj

EdlCasRtUv EdlxøÜnkMNt´ehIy³ dUecñH .

cakkiels sti k*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaNenaH³ dUecñH .

‘setakarI’ Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH mansti dkdegØImecj³ esckþIza Pikú¡ enaH

Gg<úyy¨agenHehIy

minlHbg´nUvstienaH

nig

tMkl´stiy¨agenHehIy

kal

eQμaHza mansμartI dkdegØImecjhñwgÉg

mansμartI dkdegØImcUl .

GZib|ayza Pikú¡GñkeZVInUvsti .

‘Eks&BÞGsSasbsSas;’ bNþa:LITaMgenaH :LIza ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ KWjúaMg xül´dkdegØImecjEvg oRbRBwtþeTAkþI .

kñúgGdðkzaRBHvin&y k*

elakeBalza ²xül´ecjeTAxageRkA eQμaHza GsSas; xül´

«LÚvenH RBHeyaKIPikú¡ CaGñkeZVInUvsti edayGakar;TaMg

cUleTAxagkñúg eQμaHza bsSas;³ . EtkñúgGdðkzaRBHsURtTaMg

LayNa edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvGakar;TaMgLayenaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

Lay mkehIypÞúyKña ‘nwgGdðkzaRBHvin&y’ . bNþaxül´TaMgBIr

za ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . EmnBit kñúgbdismÖiTa

enaH kñúgeBlEdlstVTaMgLayTaMgBYg GñkedkenAkñúgKP( ecj

kñúgviPg<én:LIenaHÉgza ²Pikú¡enaH mansμartI dkdegØImecj man

mkGMBIépÞénmata xül´BÆd*xagkñúg ecjmkxageRkA muneK xül´

sμartIdkdegØImcUl³ k*elakeBalBaküenH za ²RBHeyaKI CaGñk

xageRkA naMyknUvZUlId*lÁit cUleTAxagkñúg CaxageRkay luH

eZVIsti edayGakar; 32 KWkalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaB éncitþ

dl´RkGUmmat´ k*rlt´eTA . bNÐitKb|IRCabxül´dkdegØImecj

manGarmμN¾EtmYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImecjEvg

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl y¨agdUecñH mun .

stik*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH eday

cMENkPaBEvg nig xøI énxül´TaMg 2 enaHÉNa PaBEvg

jaNenaH kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´ nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

nig xøI enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénGTÆan; ‘ry;eBl’ .

mYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImcUlEvg sti k*tm,l´enA

eRb[bdUcCa Twk ß dIxSac´ EdlpSayeTA rhUtGTÆan; KWOkas

1-

‘Evg ß xøI’ ehIyfitenA

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 119-120 .

elakehAza TwkEvg

dIxSac´Evg TwkxøI


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98

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dIxSac´xøI y¨agNamij xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl

mYy .

dUcCaelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa za ; sYrza ²Pikú¡

sUm|IEdllÁity¨agéRkElg júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ Evg kñúg

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

ragkayéndMrI nig kñúgragkayénBs´ eBalKWGtþPaB éndMrI nig

kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlEvg

Bs´TaMgBIrenaH oeBjCasnSwm> ehIyecjeTA k*snSwm> Edr

etIdUcemþc³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza xül´dkdegØIm ‘éndMrI nig Bs´’

eqøIyza ² ‘1’ Pikú¡ dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvg kñúgcMENk

Evg . xül´enaH júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ xøI eBalKWGtþPaB én

énkalEvg ‘2’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvg kñúgcMENk énkalEvg

stVTaMgLay manEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm oeBj y¨agqab´rh&s

‘3’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUlEvg kñúg

ehIyecjmk k*qab´rh&spgEdr eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

cMENkénkalEvg .

za xül´dkdegØIm ‘énEqÁ nig TnSay’ xøI . edayGMNacénGTÆan;KWkal

cMENkkñúgBYkmnusS

mnusSTaMgLayxøH

dkdegØImecj

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI

dkcUlkþI

nUvdegØImecj ß degØIm

cUlEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg ‘eRcIndg’ qnÞ; ‘cMNg´kñúgGVImYy’

nig dkdegØImcUlEvg dUcCastVTaMgLay mandMrI nig Bs´CaedIm

rEmgekIteLIg

mnusSBYkxøH dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUlxøI dUcCastVtUc>

CagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘5’ dkcUl

TaMgLaymanEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH xül´dkdegØIm

nUvdegØImcUlEvg

énmnusSTaMgLaynu@H kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlEvg

edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘6’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß

k*Kb|IRCabza Evgç kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlxøI k*

degØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Kb|IRCabza xøI edayGMNacénkal k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacénqnÞ; .

‘Gana:nsStiCakayanubsSnastibdðan’ kñúgkiriyadkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl Evg nig xøIenaH

‘4’ Pikú¡dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitéRkElg

d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

kñúgcMENkénkalEvg

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl Evgd*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ;

Pikú¡enH kaldkdegØImecj nig kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´

‘eRcIndg’ :muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ rEmgekIteLIg

za ²GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUlEvg³ edayGakar;TaMg

ecjnUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Lay 9 . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´y¨agenH bNÐitKb|IRCab

GMNacén:muC¢; ‘8’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCag

za ²karcMerInkayanubsSnastibdðan rEmgseRmc edayGakar;

enaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘9’ dkecjkþI

‘7’ Pikú¡ dk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ßdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENk

eRBaHehtuenaH

énkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ .

BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkay kñúgkay³ dUecñH .

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl

eTIbelakeBalza

karcMerInstibdðan

KWkar

Pikú¡enH kaldwgc|as´ nUvdegØImecj nig degØImcUl eday

Evg d*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNac én

Gakar;TaMgLay

esckþIrIkray ‘eRcIndg’ citþ k*XøatecjGMBIdegØImecj ß degØIm

GMNacénkalxøI y¨agdUecñH bNÐtiKb|IRCabza ²Pikú¡enaH eQμaHza

cUlEvg óebk¡a k*taMgenAs)b´ .

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

enH kayKWdegØImecj nig degØImcUlEvg edayGakar; 9 y¨ag EdleQμaHza óbdðan sti

eQμaHza GnubsSnajaN

Rtg´cugRcmuH énPikú¡enaHÉg .

‘EksBVkayb|disMevTI’

KWkarBicarNaeXIj nUvkay kñúgkay’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´degØImecjEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg³ Edlelak:neBal ehIy kñúgbTKWxül´degØImEvgnu@H y¨agNamij kñúgbTKWxül´degØIm xøIenH mkehIyza ²rsSM GsSasM «tþrsg¡aet GsSsti Pikú¡dk ecj nUvdegØImecjxøI kñúgcMENkénkalxøI³ k*y¨agenaHEdr eRBaH ehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRbkbBakü edayGMNacénrsSs&BÞ rhUt dl´Bakü za ²etn vuc©ti kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 121 .

eday

xül´degØImcUl k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

‘karcMerInstibdðan

Baküza ²TIXM GsSasM GTÆansg¡aet

nig

xül´ 4 y¨ag KWxül´degØImecjEvg nig xøI sUm|I

stienaHpg edayjaNenaHpg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

enH CaesckþIEbøkKña .

edayGMNacénkalEvg

dUecñHÉg . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ y¨agdUecñH

óbdðanpg eQμaHzastipg Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH eday

n&ysUm|IkñúgbTKWxül´degØImxøI k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . bu¨Enþ

enH

ß kaldkdegØImcUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI³

kay eQμaHza óbdðan minEmneQμaHza sti eT sti eQμaHza

za ²kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna

9

‘166’

Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwg

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg eTIbdkdegØImecjÇÇÇ dkdegØImcUl³ enaH

KWPikú¡enaH sikSaza ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal

nig cug énkay KWdegØImecjTaMgGs´ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg KWeZVI ‘degØImenaH’ o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImecj³ . sikSa za ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal nig cug énkay KW degØImcUlTaMgGs´

oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ . enaH’ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

KWeZVI

‘degØImenaH’

Pikú¡enaHkaleZVI ‘degØIm

KWeZVIo:nR:kdc|as´ y¨agenH


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102

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*eQμaHza dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl edaycitþEdlRbkb

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvsik¡aTaMg 3 enaH dUceBalmkehIyenH kñúg

RBmedayjaN . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²Pikú¡enaH

GarmμN¾enaH edaystienaH edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþenaH³ dUecñH .

sikSaza GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgctuk,;TI1 enaH kñúgn&ymun RBHeyaKIKb|IdkdegØImecj

EmnBit sRmab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagedIm kñúgkay KWdegØImecj

dkdegØImcUl Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH nig minKYreZVIkic©GVI> eT Etza cab´

kþI kñúgkay KWdegØImcUlkþI EdlsÞúHeTAy¨aglÁit rEmgR:kd Rtg´

edImGMBIenHeTA Kb|IeZIVesckþIBüayam kñúgGakar;TaMgLay man

kNþal nig xagcug minR:kdeT .

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´Etxül´

karjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH

xagedImbu¨eNÑaH EtglM:k Rtg´xül´kNþalnigxagcug . sMrab´

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´:LI edayGMNac

Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd Rtg´kNþal bu¨EnþxagedIm nig cug minR:kd .

énbc©úb|nñkal za GsSsamIti bCanati bsSsamIti bCanati

sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagcug R:kd bu¨Enþ xagedIm nig kNþal min

Pikú¡dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´ nUvxül´xagcugEtbu¨eNÑaH Etg

dkdegØImcUl dUecñH kñúgn&ymunenaH ehIyeTIbRTg´elIkyk:LI

lM:k Rtg´xül´xagedIm nig kNþal . sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd

mk edayGMNacénBaküCaGnaKtkal edayn&ymanCaedIm za

RKb´xül´TaMgGs´ Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´:nTaMgGs´ minlM:k Rtg´

sBVkayb|disMevTI GsSsisSami

xül´NamYyeLIy .

RBHd*manRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgza ²RBH

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImecj dUecñH edIm|IsMEdg

eyaKI Kb|ICaGñkR:kddUecñaH³ eTIbRTg´Rtas´ za ²Pikú¡ sikSaza

nUvGakar;mankarjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm EdlKb|IeZVI cab´

GatμaGj

edImGMBIn&ymunenHeTA³ dUecñHÉg .

R:kdeT .

CaGñkkMNt´dwgnUvkay

degØImecj .l.

KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg

eTIbdk

eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

GatμaGj CaGñkkMNt´dwg

‘EkbsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²sikSa³ KW RbwgERbg Büayam

Baküza ²Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

y¨agenH . müa¨geT[t esckþIGZib|ay kñúgbTenH bNÐitKb|I

eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ enaH KWPikú¡sikSaza

RCabza ²esckþIsRgYmÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kddUecñaH esckþIsRgYm

²GatμaGj kalrmáab´ Bnøt´ rMlt´ b®g,abkaysg¡ar ‘BYkxül´

enH CaGZisIlsik¡a kúñgbTenH smaZiÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:ddUecñaH

degØImEvgxøIEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay’ EdleRKatRKat eTIbdkdegØIm

smaZienH CaGZicitþsik¡a kñúgbTenH

ecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñH .

bJ¦aÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kd

dUecñaH bJ¦aenH CaGZibJ¦asik¡a kñúgbTenH Pikú¡sikSa KW esB

kñúger]genH PaBeRKatRKat nig PaBlÁitkþI

esckþIsáb´kþI


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; k*kay nig citþ rbs´Pikú¡enH kñúg

sYrza ²dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHesckþIBitza

kalmun

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ karrMBwg

eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´

‘nUvGana:nsStikmμdðan

enaH’ Cakaycitþ manesckþIRkvl´Rkvay eRKatRKat .

kalebI

Kit karRbmUlcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ karBicarNa za ²GatμaGj

sUm|Ixül´dk

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar EdleRKatRKat>³ dUecñH minman dl´Pikú¡enaH

degØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl k*eRKatRKat RbRBwtþeTA man

EtkñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ ehIy eTIbman eRBaH

kMLaMgxøaMgkøa RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ Qr dkdegØImecjxøH dkdegØIm

ehtuenaH

cUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa TaMgkay TaMgcitþ rbs´Pikú¡enaH

kmμdðan’ ehIy rEmglÁitCageBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ehIy .

KWxøÜn:nkMNt´ehIy kñúgeBlenaH kay nig citþenaH k*CaZmμCat

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCae:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

PaBeRKatRKat énkay nig citþ minTan´sáb´rmáab´

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . kalebIkay nig citþTaMgenaH sáb´rmáab´ehIy xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl Caxül´d*lÁit rEmg RbRBwtþeTA Caxül´dl´nUvGakar; EdlKYrBicarNaza ²man ß min manhñ@/³ . dUcCaxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl én buK<lEdlrt´cuHmkGMBIPñM ß Tmøak´Par;d*Zán´ecjGMBIk|al ehIy Qr Caxül´eRKatRKat RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ k*Qr dkdegØImecj

kaysg¡ar

énPikú¡enaH

kñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUv

k*kalebIkay nig citþ Rkvl´RkvayehIy kaysg¡ar

k*rEmgRbRBwtþeTAeRKatRKatEdr

kalebI

kay nig citþ minRkvl´RkvalehIy kaysg¡ar rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨aglÁit .

‘n&ypøÚvsmz;’

xøH dkdegØImcUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa buK<lenaH benÞa

sUm|IkúñgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar k*rab´

bg´ nUvesckþIen]yht´enaHehIy gUtTwk nig pwkTwkehIy dak´

za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan eTIblÁit sUm|Ikñúg

sMBt´TTwkelIebHdUg ehIyedkenAeRkammøb´d*RtCak´ kñúgeBlenaH

óbcar; énbfmCÄanenaH k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgbfmCÄan

xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaH

eTIblÁit kñúgbfmCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énTutiyCÄan k*rab´za enA

Caxül´d*lÁit dl´nUvGakar; KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@/³

eRKatRKat kñúgTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit kñúgTutiyCÄan nig kñúgób-

dUecñH y¨agNamij

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUv

car;énttiyCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgttiyCÄan eTIblÁit

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenaH’ kay nig citþ énPikú¡enH .l. Cakay

kúñgttiyCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat

dl´nUvGakar;KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

kñúgctutæCÄan lÁitéRkElg dl´nUvkarRbRBwtþieTAmin:nEmnBit³ .


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

BaküEdl:neBalmkenH Camti énRBHTIXPaNk; ‘GñkeBal

kiriyakMNt´nUvGrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvGrUb

Km¬IrTIXnikay’ nig RBHsMyutþPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþ-

enaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´

nikay’ . EtRBHmCÄimPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrmCÄimnikay’ TaMg

nUvrUb nig GrUb eTIblÁit

Lay EtgR:zña sUm|Ikñúgóbcar; énQanzñak´x¬s´> za lÁitéRk

GrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriya

ElgCagQanzñak´eRkam> y¨agenHza ²kñúgbfmCÄan kaysg¡ar

kMNt´ nUvbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvbc©&y

rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit³ dUecñH .

enaHesat k*rab´za enARKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

bu¨EnþebItammti

nUvnamrUb RBmTaMgbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

énGacarüTaMgLayTaMgBYghñwgÉg

:nesckþIza

kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUb nig

²kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalEdlmin:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’

nUvnamrUb

rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSnaEdlman‘éRt’lk¡N¾CaGarmμN¾eTIblÁit.

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSna EdlmankMLaMgexSay k*rab´za enAeRKat

kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUvkmμdðan’

rEmgsáb´

rmáab´ kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan .l. kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgctutæCÄan³ .

enH Ca

n&y kñúgsmz; mun .

k*rab´za

enAeRKatRKart

.

RKat kñúugvibsSna EdlmankMLaMg eTIblÁit . kñúgvibsSnaenaH esckþIrmaáb´ énkaysg¡ar Edlmankñúg mun> edaykaysg¡ar Edlmanxagcug> bNÐitKb|IRCab tam

‘n&ypøÚvvibsSna’ ‘167’

RBmTaMgbc©&yenaHesat

cMENkkñúgvibsSna

kaysg¡ar

n&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg . EdlRbRBwtþeTA

esckþIeRKatRKat nig esckþIlÁitkþI nig esckþIsáb´rmáab´kþI

ehIy kñúgkiriyakMNt´ k*enAeRKatRKat kñúgkiriyakMNt´nUvmha-

bNÐitKb|IRCab kñúgbTenaH za ²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM GsS-

PUtrUb eTIblÁit sUm|Ikaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkiriyakMNt´

sisSami bsSsisSami³ dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

nUvmhaPUtrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg karkMNt´nUvó:TayrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUv ó:TayrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg kiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUl eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUlenaHesat k*rab´zaenAeRKatRKat .

kaysg¡ar kñúg

‘GtæaZib|aykñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ cMENkkñúgbdismÖiTa

elakeBalesckþIenH

énBaküza

²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM³ dUecñHenH mYyGenøIedaykarecaT nig kar eqøIy y¨agdUecñHza ²sYrza; Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUv kaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl etIdUcemþc


visuTÆimK< ERb kaysg¡ar etIdUcemþc / ³ . RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgkay

107

eqøIyza ²Zm(TaMgLayenH Edl

KWxül´degØImecj

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdk

xül´degØImcUlEvg

degØImcUl edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd

EdlCaZm(Cab´edaykay eQμaHza kaysg¡ar . Pikú¡ kaljúaMg

énkar:nnUvxül´k*man karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´

kaysg¡arTaMgLayenaHormáab´ KWzaorMlt´ osáb´rmáab´ eQμaH

degØImcUlk*man karR:kd énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kd

za sikSaza

énGana:nsStismaZik*man

.l.

nig

108

‘KW’ sikSaza karOn kargak karTeRmt

BYkbNÐit

eTIbcUlkan´smabtþi

karQm karrJ¢Üy karGnÞHsa karkeRmIk karjab´j&r Na én

enaHpg ecjcaksmabtþienaHpg dMeNIrenaHeRb[bdUcCaGVI eRb[b

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

dUcCarKaMgEdleKeKaH sMeLgeRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTACadMbUg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

eTIbdkdegØImecj

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImcUl

énsMeLg d*eRKatRKat kalebIsMeLgd*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

sikSaza karminOn karmingak karminTeRmt karminQm kar

bnÞb´mk sMeLgd*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CaxageRkay eRBaHbuK<l

minrJ¢Üy karminGnÞHsa karminkeRmIk karminjab´j&r Na én

kan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ énsMeLg

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

d*lÁit kalebIsMeLgd*lÁit rlt´ehIy bnÞab´mk citþ k*rEmg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

RbRBwtþeTA

mansPaBy¨agenaH

d*lÁitsuxum

mansPaBy¨agenaH

eTIb

dkdegØImecj eTIbdkdegØImcUl .

GarmμN¾

CaxageRkay

eRBaHcitþmannimitþ

manóbmadUcemþcmij

énsMeLgd*lÁitCa

manóbemyüdUcCaxül´degØIm

:n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl d*eRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CadMbUg

eTIbdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

eTIbdkdegØImcUl

kalebIy¨agenH

énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*eRKatRKat kalebIxül´

karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´ minTan´man karR:kd éndegØImecj

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy bnÞb´mk

nig cUl k*minTan´man karR:kd énGana:nsSti k*minTan´man

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA Caxag

TaMgkarR:kd énGana:nsStismaZi k*minTan´maneT bNÐitTaMg

eRkay eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ

Lay rEmgmincUlkan´smabtþienaHpg minecjcaksmabtþienaH

nUvnimitþ

pg :n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIb

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit

edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy

énxül´degØImecj

nig

xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rlt´ehIy

kalebI bnÞab´mk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

citþ k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymay kñúgkalCaxageRkay eRBaHcitþ

GaTikmμikkulbuRt GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkmμdðanenH ehIyseRmc

yknimitþ énxül´degØImecj nig degØImcUl d*lÁitCaGarmμN¾ k*

nUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay edayvibsSna Edl

y¨agenaHEdr kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´k*man

manGana:nsStictutæCÄan CabTdðan Kb|IeZVInUvkic©TaMgBYg TaMg

karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUlk*man karR:kd

Lay mankarCRmHnUvsIl tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kdénGana:nsStismaZik*man

kalmunhñwgÉg ehIyer[nyknUvkmμdðan EdlmansnÆi ‘tMN’ 5

bNÐitTaMgLay

kñúgsMNak´ énGacarümanRbkar;EdleyIgeBalehIy .

rEmgcUlkan´smabtþienaHpg

rEmgecjcak

smabtþienaHpg kayKWxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl rbs´ Pikú¡kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eQμaHzaóbdðan sti eQμaHzaGnu-

‘bJ©snÆi’ enH CatMN 5 kñúgGana:nsStienaH

KW; kiriyaer[nyk

bsSnajaN kay eQμaHzaóbdðan mineQμaHzastieT cMENk

kiriyasaksYr kiriyaR:kd kiriyasMerc kiriyakMNt´ . kñúgsnÆi

xagsti

rEmg

5 y¨agenaH karer[nyknUvkmμdðan eQμaHza óK<h; . karsak

BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH edaystienaH edayjaNenaH eRBaH

sYrnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza bribucäna . karR:kdc|as´ énkmμdðan

ehtuenaH elakeBalza karBicarNaeXIjnUvkaykñúgkay KWkar

eQμaHza óbdðan; . karsMercnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza Gb|na . kar

cMerInnUvstib|dðan ‘1’ ³ .

kMNt´nUvkmμdðan GZib|ayza ; karRTRTg´TuknUvsPav; énkmμdðan

eTIbeQμaHza

óbdðanpg

eQμaHzastipg

Pikú¡

enHCakarBN(nabTtamlMdab´énctuk,;TI1 EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacénkayanubsSna kñúgGana:nsStienaH CadMbUg .

za ²kmμdðanenH manlk¡N;y¨agenH³ dUecñH eQμaHza lk¡N; . RBHeyaKIkaler[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenH minlM:kedayxøÜnÉgpg TaMgmineb[teb[nGacarüpg eRBaHehtu

‘viZIhVwkhat´eZVI’ ‘168’ k*eRBaHzakñúgctuk,;TaMg 4 enaH ctuk,;enHÉg KWRBH

enaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgGacarü osMEdgbnþicehIy sVaZüay

énGaTikmμikeyaKI

Gs´kaleRcIn er[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenHehIy

cMENkctuk,;TaMgLay 3 eRkAenH RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

enAkñúgsMNak´énGacarük*:n kñúgTIesnasn;déT manRbkar;dUc

GMNac énevTnanubsSna citþanubsSna nig ZmμanubsSna én

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunk*:n manblieBaZtUc>pþac´bg´ehIy

RBHeyaKI Gñk:nnUvQanehIy kñúgbfmCÄanenH eRBaHehtuenaH

manP&tþkic©eZVIehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyoRsYl

manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

edayGMNacénkmμdðan

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 145 .

eZVIcitþorIkray edaykiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNRBHrtnéRtehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kMuoePøcPøaMgsUm|IbTmYy GMBIkarer[nGMBIGacarü Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

Kb|IsMEdgkarrab´ dac´Rtg´cenøaH . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJÄb´

nUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenH .

xageRkam cMnYn 5 citþúb|aT rEmgjab´j&r kñúgOkasd*cegÁ{t dUc

‘viZImnsikar’

CahVÚgeKa

‘169’ enHCaviZImnsikar kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH KW;

EdlnayeKa:lXaMgTukehIy

kñúgeRkald*cergÁ{t

jab´j&rdUecñaH . kalRBHeyaKInaMeTA xagelI cMnYn 10 citþúb|aT

1- KNna

karrab´ç

rEmgGaRs&yenAEtnwgkarrab´hñwgÉg . kalebIRBHeyaKI sMEdg

2- GnuBnÆna

karcgeRk[kç

karrab´dac´ kñúgcenøaH citþ rEmgkeRmIkjab´j&r za ²kmμdðan rbs´

3- pusna 4- fbna

7- :risuTÆi

RBHeyaKI Kb|Iev[r nUveTasTaMgLayenHehIy rab´cuH .

kartMkl´nUvcitþç

5- sløk¡Na 6- vivdþna

GatμaGj dl´TIbMput ßhñ@ ß minTan´dl´TIbMput³ eRBaHehtuenaH

karBal´RtUvç

‘karrab´yWt>’

karkMNt´Cak´ç

k*GaTikmμikkulbuRt kalrab´ Kb|Irab´ edayviZIrab´yWt>

karpøas´bþÚrç

KWrab´dUcCabuK<lGñkval´RsUv CadMbUg . EmnBit buK<lGñkval´

esckþIbrisuTÆiç

8- etsJ© bdibsSna nig R:C\aeXIjnUvmK< nig plTaMgenaH. kñúgbTTaMgenaH karrab´hñwgÉg eQμaHza KNna . karnaM mktamlMdab´ eQμaHza GnuBnÆna . TIEdlBal´RtUv eQμaHza pusna . karsMerc eQμaHza fbna . kareXIjc|as´ eQμaHza sløk¡Na . mK< eQμaHza vivdþna . pl eQμaHza :risuTÆi . karBicarNaeXIjc|as´ eQμaHza karBicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvmK< nig plTaMgLayenaH .

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH

kñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH edaykarrab´ Camun . bJÄb´ xageRkam cMnYn 5

kalbMeBjmþgeT[t eXIjnUvsMramNamYy k*ecalnUvsMramenaH ehIyeBalza ²mYy mYy³ dUecñH .

kúñgkarrab´TaMgLay mankar

rab´za ²BIr BIr³ dUecñH k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEd y¨agNamij

sUm|I

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH k*Kb|Ikan´yknUvxül´degØImecj nig xül´ degØImcUlEdlR:kd ehIykMNt´nUvxül´ EdlRbRBwtþeTAer]y> enaHÉg ehIyrab´ cab´edImtaMgBI ²mYy mYy³ rhUteTAdl´ ²db´ db´³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘KNna viZIrab´’ kñúgmnsikarviZITaMgenaH

RsUv júaMgnaLi oeBjehIy eBalza ²mYy³ ehIyk*cak´ZarcuH

Kb|IeZVITuk

k*kalrab´ minKb|I

minKb|InaMeTA xagelI

cMnYn 10 min

‘viZIrab´rh&s’ kalGaTikmμikkulbuRtenaH

rab´y¨agenH

xül´degØImecj

nig xül´degØImcUl EdlkMBugecj nig kMBugcUl rEmgR:kd .


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IlHbg´ nUvkarrab´yWt KWkarrab´dUc

eRBaHza kñúgkmμdðan EdlCab´Tak´Tg edaykarrab´ citþ CaZmμCat

CabuK<lGñkval´RsUvenaH ehIyrab´ edaykarrab´y¨agel]n KWrab´

manGarmμN¾EtmYy edaykMLaMg énkarrab´hñwgÉg dUcCakarct

dUcCanayeKa:l . EmnBit nayeKa:lEdlqøat dak´nUvRkYs

nUvTUkkñúgExSTwkd*kMNac edayGMNacénkarTb´edayezñal y¨ag

TaMgLay nwgzñk´ manExS nig dMbg kñúgéd edIreTAkan´eRkal taMg

dUecñaHÉg

BIRBlwmRsag eKaHeKaTaMgLay Rtg´xñg Gg<úy elIcugénssr

rEmgR:kd dUcCaRbRBwtþeTAehIy minmancenøaH . bnÞab´mk RBH

Ek|reRkal pÞat´eTAehIy> nUvRkYs ehIyrab´nUvemeKa Edldl´

eyaKIenaH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanrEmgRbRBwtþeTAminmancenøaH³ dUecñH

ehIy> nUvTVarhñwgÉg ehIyrab´za ²mYy BIr³ dUecñH .

hVÚgeKa

ehIy kMukan´yknUvxül´xagkñúg nig xül´xageRkA ehIyrab´eday

EdlenAy¨aglM:k kñúgOkasEdlcegÁ{t Gs´raRtI manyam 3

rh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunhñwgÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJ¢Ún

kalecjmk

ecjeTA

citþeTA CamYynwgxül´EdlcUleTA xagkñúg citþ eRb[bdUcCaRtUv

edayrh&s . nayeKa:lenaH k*rab´ edayrh&s> za ²bI bYn

xül´bk´e:kehIy nig dUcCaeBjehIy edayxøaj´xab´ BÆd*xag

R:MÇÇÇ db´³ dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKIenH rab´ tamn&ymun y¨agenH

kñúg . kalRBHeyaKI naMcitþecjmk CamYynwgxül´ Edlecj

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl CasPav;R:kd sJ©reTA

mkxageRkA citþ rEmgraymay kñúgGarmμN¾EdlRkas´ BÆd*xag

er]y> y¨agel]n> . bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenaHKb|Idwgza ²xül´

eRkA . luHdl´RBHeyaKI tm,l´nUvsti kúñgOkasEdlxül´Bal´

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl EtgsJ©reTAer]y>³ dUecñHehIy

RtUvehIycMerInhñwgÉg eTIbPavna seRmc .

minkan´yk nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA

m©as´eBalza ²RBHeyaKI kMukan´yknUvxül´ TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxag

kan´ykEtxül´Edlmkdl´nUvTVarbu¨eNÑaH ehIyrab´el]n> za ;

eRkA ehIyrab´ edayrh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunenaHÉg³ .

k*RbeRc[tKñanwgKña

mansPaBCahVÚg>

1 2 3 4 5ç

.

kalRBHeyaKIenaH

rab´el]n>

y¨agenH

kmμdðan

eRBaHehtuenaH x\úM

sYrza ²k*xül´GsSasbsSas;nu@H etIRBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´

1 2 3 4 5 6ç

yUrbu¨nμaneTA/³ .

1 2 3 4 5 6 7ç

rab´ehIy sti k*taMgenARBm kñúgGarmμN¾ KWxül´degØImecj nig

eqøIyza ²RBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´ rhUtev[rcakkar

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

xül´degØImcUl³ . eRBaHza karrab´ k*edIm|IeZVIkarkat´pþac´ nUvvitk,;

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9ç

EdlraldaleTA BÆd*xageRkAehIy tm,l´nUvsti kñúgGarmμN¾ KW

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9

10 dUecñHÉg .

GsSasbsSas; o:nhñwgÉg .

RBHeyaKI

luHeZVITukkñúgcitþ


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edayviZIrab´ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ tam

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac énkarBal´RtUvpg edayGMNac

lMdab´ ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ .

énkartm,l´Tukpg .

‘GnuBnÆna viZIrab´tamxül´’

EmnBit kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkarBal´RtUv nig

kiriyapÁakTuknUvkarrab´ ehIybJ¢Únsti eTAtamxül´degØIm

kartm,l´Tuk minmanepSg dUcCakareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac én

ecj nig xül´degØImcUl minomancenøaH eQμaHza GnuBnÆna .

karrab´ nig karCab´tameT . Etza RBHeyaKIkalrab´ kñúgTIEdl

Etza karbJ¢ÚnenaH minKb|IeZVI edayGMNacénkarbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

xül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg eZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ nig kar

xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . eRBaHza sMrab´xül´ecjeTA

Bal´RtUv pÁakkarrab´ kñúgTIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> enaHÉg p©g´

xageRkA p©wt KWxagedIm ebHdUg KWkNþal xagcug KWRcmuH .

stieTAtamxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH nig tm,l´citþ eday

sMrab´xül´EdlcUleTAxagkñúg cugRcmuH eQμaHzaxagedIm ebHdUg

GMNacénGb|na elakehAza ²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGnuBnÆnapg

eQμaHza kNþal p©wt eQμaHza xagcug . k*kalRBHeyaKIenaH

edaypusnapg edayfbnapg³ dUecñH . esckþIenHenaH bNÐit

bJ¢ÚneTA nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;enaH

Kb|IRCab edayesckþIóbmaedaybursxVin nig qμaMTVar EdlRBH

raymay

rEmgman

citþ Edldl´nUvesckþI

edIm|IesckþIraymaypg

edIm|Ikiriyajab´

j&rpg . dUcCaRBHsarIbuRt eBalza ²kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´ xül´dkdegØImecj xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug

Gdðkzacarü eBalehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay nig edayesckþI óbmaedayrNar EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa .

kay nig citþ

bNþaóbmaTaMgenaH enHeKWCasckþIóbma edaybursxVin .

rEmgCasPav;rJ¢Üypg rMePIbpg jab´j&rpg edaysarcitþEdl

bursxVin eyaleTag edIm|Imata nig buRtTaMgLaykMBugelgeTag

e:HeTA kñúgxül´degØImxagkñúg

kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´xül´dk

Gg<úy eT[beCIgssreTag kñúgTIenaHÉg rEmgeXIjnUvTIbMputTaMg

degØImcUl xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug kay nig citþ rEmg

BIrpg nUvBak´kNþalpg énEpnkþareTag EdlmkpgeTApg tam

CasPav;rJ¢Üypg

edaysarcitþEdl

lMdab´ EtzaCaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvTIbMputTaMgBIr nig

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

Rtg´kNþal y¨agNamij Pikú¡QrenA Ek|rssrEdlcUleTAcg

rMePIbpg

jab´j&rpg

e:HeTAkñúgxül´degØImxageRkA ‘1’ ³ . kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

eday

edayGMNacénsti eyalnUveTagKWxül´GsSasbsSas;ehIy

GMNacénxül´xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . Etza RBHeyaKI

Gg<úy kñúgnimitþenaHÉg edaysti kalp©g´ edaysti tm,l´citþ

1-

edaykarCab´tam

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 91 .

minKYreZVITukkñúgcitþ

Rtg´TIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg k*rEmgeXIj nUvxagedIm


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rtg´kNþal nig xagcug énxül´GsSasbsSas; kñúgTIEdl

manGZib|aydUcemþc/ . manGZib|ayza ; Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

xül´TaMgenaH mkpgeTApg Bal´RtUvehIy> edaylMdab´ Etza

minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Pikú¡enH CaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;

minEmnCaZm( KWPikú¡enaH mindwgeT

TaMgenaH . enHCaóbmaedaybursxVin .

pg bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg TaMgRBHeyaKI k*júaMg

cMENkóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar mandUcteTAenH . qμaMTVar min

RbeyaK

oseRmcpg

Etza Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

citþ mindl´nUvesckþIraymay

rEmg:nnUvKuNviess

eRb[bbIdUcCa

BicarNa nUvbursTaMgLay TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA énnKr za

edImeQIEdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI bursKb|Ikat´nUvedIm

²GñkCaGñkNa ß GñkmkGMBITINa GñkeTATINa ßk* GVImanenA kñúg

eQIenHenaH edayrNa sti KWburs‘enaH’ taMgTukehIy eday

édGñk³ dUecñH eRBaHza bursTaMgenaH minEmnCaPar;énqμaMTVarenaHeT

GMNac éneZμjrNar EdlBal´RtUvedImeQI

Etza qμaMTVarBicarNa nUvmnusSEdlmkdl´TVarehIy mkdl´TVar

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNar EdlmkehIypg EdleTAehIypgeT

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg

xül´

Etza eZμjrNar EdlmkehIykþI EdleTAehIykþI k*minEmnburs

ecjeTAxageRkAkþI minEmnCaPar; énPikú¡enHeT xül´Edlmkdl´

enaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg burs

TVarehIy mkdl´TVarehIyhñwgÉg KWCaPar; énPikú¡enH k*y¨agenaH

enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg

y¨agNamij

xül´cUleTAxagkñúgkþI

Edr . enH CaóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar . cMENkóbmaedayrNar bNÐitKb|IRCab taMgEtGMBIedIm

bursenaH min:n

rEmg:n nUvKuNviess

y¨agNamijç nimitþCaeRK]gcUleTAcgepÁab eRb[bdUcCaedImeQI EdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI xül´degØImecj nig xül´

dUecñHÉg . smdUcCaBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy za ; ‘1’

degØImcUl eRb[bdUcCaeZμjrNarç sti CaZmμCati KWburs taMg

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

TukehIy edayGMNacéneZμjrNarEdlBal´RtUvedImeQI Etza

Etza kalPikú¡min

bursenaH min:neZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNarEdlmk ß eTAeLIy

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min

bursenaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

bursenaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg rEmg:nKuNviess

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

Pavna rEmg:nsMerc .

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

TaMgeZμjrNar

EdlmkehIykþI

EdleTAehIykþI

k*minEmnCa

y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ Gg<úytaMgsti Rtg´cugRcmuHkþI Rtg´nimitþ én mat´kþI mineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIy ß


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EdleTAehIy Etza xül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIykþI Edl eTAehIykþI minEmnCasPav;KWPikú¡enaHmindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþI

120

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enH CaóbmaedayrNar . ‘170’

k*ehtuRtwmEtRBHeyaKIenaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ eday

Büayam’ rEmgR:kdpg Pikú¡enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmc

GMNacénxül´GsSasbsSas;bu¨eNÑaH

pg rEmg:nnUvKuNviess k*y¨agenaHEdr .

RbeyaCn¾ kñúgesckþIóbmaedayrNarenH .

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

Ca

Baküza ²bZan³ mansMNYrza bZan etIdUcemþc . eqøIy

k*nimitþ ekIteLIg nig fbna eBalKWGb|na EdlRbdab´

za TaMgkayTaMgcitþ énPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy CaZmμCat

edayGg<Qand*ess rEmgsMerc edaykalminyUrhñwgÉg dl´

KYrdl´kargar enH eQμaHza bZan .

RBHeyaKIBYkxøH EdleZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH . EtsRmab´RBH

sYrza RbeyaK etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza óbk,ielsTaMgLay

eyaKIBYkxøH

nakalesckþIRkvl´RkvaypøÚvkay

sáb´rmáab´ehIy

KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n vitk,;TaMgLay

edayGMNacénkarrMlt´ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat

k*rmáab´:n enH eQμaHza RbeyaK .

tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkar

sYrza KuNviess etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza sMeyaCn;TaMg

rab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; eRb[bbIdUcCadl´nUv

Lay KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n Gnus&y

Gakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas . kalRBHeyaKImankayRkvl´

TaMgLay k*dl´nUvesckþIvinas enH eQμaHza KuNviess .

Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza

ERK nig taMg rEmgRTuDcuH »

RkibeRk[b kMral cab´epþImrYjç Etza kalRBHeyaKIminmankay

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaZm( KWRBHeyaKIenaHmindwgenaHeT citþ

Rkvl´Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymaypg bZan rEmgR:kdpg RBHeyaKI

RTuDcuH min»RkibeRk[beT eRK]gkMralmincab´epþImrYjeT ERK nig

rEmgjúaMgRbeyaKoseRmcpg :nnUvKuNviess dUecñHÉg .

taMg eRb[bdUcCaBUkRtUveKjat´ehIyedaybu¨yKr . eRBaHehtuGVI

Gana:nsSti

buK<lNa:nbMeBjehIy

cMerIn

eRBaHkayEdlminRkvl´Rkvay rEmgCaZmμCatRsal eRBaHehtu

rEmg

ehIy edayGMNacénkiriyarMlt´nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; Edl

ehIy edayRbéB snSMehIy edaylMdab´ o dUcRBHBuTÆRTg´sMEdgTukehIy

buK<lenaH

júaMgelakenH oPøWc|as´ dUcCaRBHc&nÞ Edlput RsLHcakBBk .

ERK nig taMg rEmgmin

Na eRBaHehtuenaH kalesckþIRkvl´Rkvayénkay sám´rmaáb´

eRKatRKat tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday GMNacénkarrab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; CaZmμCat


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122

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRb[bdUcCadl´nUvGakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas k*y¨agenaHEdr.

Pikú¡enaH minRtUveRkakcakGasn; ehIyrlas´ nUvkMNat´Es|k

kalxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

edIreTAeLIy . sYrza etIKb|IeZVIy¨agdUcemþc .

citþ rbs´

eqøIyza Pikú¡ min

RBHeyaKIenaH mannimitþKWxül´GsSasbsSas;d*lÁit CaGarmμN¾

KYreRkak edayKitza ²GatμaGj nwgsYrnUvGacarü³ dUecñH ß ßza

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA . sUm|InimitþenaH rlt´ehIy citþ déT> eT[t Ca

²«LÚvenH kmμdðanrbs´GatμaGj vinasehIy³ dUecñHeLIy eRBaH

ZmμCatmannimitþ KWxül´GsSasbsSas; d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

za

CaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTAhñwgÉg. sYrza edayRbkardUcemþc .

kmμdðanenAEtzμI> dEdl eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGg<úyy¨agNa

eqøIyza ²bNÐitKb|IRCabza eRb[bdUcburseKaHrKaMgsMriTÆi eday

hñwgÉg Kb|InaMmkcakTIkEnøg .

bnÞHelah;d*ZM sMeLgd*xøaMg Kb|IekIteLIg edaykarvayEtmþg

RBHeyaKIkaljúaMg«riyabz

okMerIkehIyeTA

kmμdðan

Ca

‘ó:ynaMxül´’

bu¨eNÑaH citþrbs´bursenaHCacitþmansMeLgeRKatRKatCaGarmμN¾

enHCaó:ynaMmk kñúgBaküenaH . Pikú¡enaH dwgPav;KWkiriya

RbRBwtþeTA . kalsMeLgEdleRKatRKat rlt´ehIy RKaenaH

minR:kd énkmμdðanehIy Kb|IBicarNa dUecñHza ²eQμaHza xül´

eRkaymk citþrbs´bursenaHk*mannimitþénsMeLgd*lÁitCaGarmμN¾

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

sUm|IkalnimitþenaH rlt´ehIy

citþ déT> eT[t CaZmμCatman

mandl´buK<lNa ß minmandl´buK<lNa³ dUecñH . tmk kal

nimtþénsMeLg d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaHCaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RBHeyaKI BicarNay¨agenH k*dwgza ²xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ .

EmnBit sUm|IRBHsarIbuRt k*:neBalBakü

enH minmandl´stVTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg épÞénmata minmandl´

enH ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za ²eRb[bdUcCa nakalrKaMg RtUveKvay

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmuCcuHkñúgTwk mYyvijeT[t minmandl´buK<l

ehIyÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

TaMgLay EdlCaGsJ¦IstV minman dl´buK<lTaMgLayEdl

esckþIBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab ‘tamn&y

kñúgbdismÖiTaenaHcuH’ .

‘lk¡N;EdlepSgcakkmμdðandéT’

rEmgman

kñúgTINa

minmankñúgTINa

søab´ehIy minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay EdlcUlctutæCÄan minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay GñkRbkbedayrUbPBnigGrUbPB

dUcCakmμdðanTaMgLaydéT rEmgR:kdc|as´ BÆd*xagelI>

minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLayEdlcUlnieraZ³ dUecñHehIy Kb|I

y¨agNamij kmμdðanenH mindUecñaHeT . EtzakmμdðanenH kalRBH

BicarNaxøÜn edayxøÜnÉg y¨agenHza ²EnbNÐit ERkgGñkminEmn

eyaKIcMerIn x¬s´eLIgeTA> rEmgdl´nUvPaBd*lÁit mincUleTAdl´

fitenA kñúgépÞénmata minEmnmuCcuH kñúgTwk minEmnCaGsJ¦IstV

karR:kdeLIy . EtzakalkmμdðanenaH minTan´R:kd y¨agenH

minEmnCaGñksøab´ minEmnCaGñkcUl nUvctutæCÄan

minEmnCaGñk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkbRBmedayrUbPB nig GrUbPB minEmnCaGñkcUlnieraZ xül´

dUcCa kñúgeBlEdlbuK<leZVIkarCul nUvsadksac´m¨t´ sUm|Im¢úl

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH enAEtmandEdlhñwgÉg EtGñkminGac

d*qμar KWbuK<lKb|IR:zña sUm|IecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úl d*

edIm|IkMNt´:neT

.

qμaréRkElgCagenaH k*buK<lKb|IR:zñaEdr y¨agNamij kñúgeBl

edayGMNacénxül´Edl

cMerInnUvkmμdðanenH EdlR:kdesμIedaysadksac´m¨t´ sti Edl

Bal´RtUvehIytamRbRktI ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA . k*

eRb[bdUcCam¢úlpg bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaystienaHpg EdleRb[b

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

dUcCaecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úlpg EdlmankMLaMg KWRBH

bnÞab´mk

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmanR:C\ad*Tn´exSay³

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|ItaMgcitþ

sMrab´buK<lmanRcmuHEvg

xÞb´nUv

ekþagRcmuHRbRBwtþeTA . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH sMrab´Gñk

eyaKIKb|IR:zña k*y¨agenaHEdr .

manRcmuHxøI xÞb´nUvbbUrmat´BÆd*xagelI RbRBwtþeTA . eRBaHehtuenaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbedaysti nig bJ¦aTaMgenaH minKYrEsVgrk

RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|Itm,l´nUvnimitþza ²xül´GsSasbsSas; xÞb´

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´Bal´

nUvTIeQμaHenH³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´GaRs&ynUvGMNac

RtUv tamRbRktIeT . eRb[bdUcCa GñkERsP¢ÜrERsehIyElgeKa

énRbeyaCn¾enH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt min

cMerInTaMgLay edjomanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIeKacr Gg<úysMrakenA

eBalnUvkarcMerInGana:nsSti dl´buK<lGñkePøcPøaMgsti Gñkmin

eRkammøb´ kalebIdUecñaH eKacMerInTaMgenaH rbs´GñkERsenaH Kb|I

dwgxøÜn³ dUecñHCaedIm .

cUleTAkan´dgéRB edayel]n GñkERsEdlCaGñkqøat R:zñacg´

EmnBit

kmμdðanNanimYy

dl´buK<lGñkman

cab´eKaTaMgnu@H ykmkTwmmþgeT[t min:c´eTAtamsñameCIgeKaTaMg

sti GñkdwgxøÜnEtbu¨eNÑaH k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþzakmμdðandéTeRkA

enaHeT edIreTAkan´dgéRB RKan´Etkan´ykExS nig CnøÜj ehIyedIr

GMBIkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kdc|as´ dl´GñkEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ> . É

tRmg´Rtg´ eTAkan´kMBg´TwkEdleKaTaMgenaH enApþúMKñaEtmþg ehIy

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH Zán´ karPavnak*Zán´ CaPUmiénmnsikar én

Gg<úyßk*edk . eRkaymk GñkERsenaH eXIjeKaTaMgenaHRtac´

RBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig buRtrbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLayEdlCamha-

eTA Gs´cMENkénézáehIy cuHkMBg´TwkCaTIRbCMuKña RtaMpg pwkpg

bursbu¨eNÑaH minEmnCakmμdðanzyezakeT nig minEmnCakmμdðan

ehIyeLIgmkQrenA k*ykExScg cak´nwgCnøÜj naMykeTATwm

EdlstVzñak´lμmesB:neT

KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ

eZVIkargar mþgeT[t y¨agNamij

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´

edayRbkarenaH>

nig

lÁit

rEmgsMerc

edayRbkarNa>

Pikú¡enaH minKb|IEsVgrkxül´

eRBaHehtuenaH

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´enaHBal´

kñúgkmμdðanenH sti nig bJ¦a d*mankMLaMgKWRBHeyaKIKb|IR:zña .

RtUvehIytamRbRktI RKan´Etkan´yknUvExSKWsti nig CnøÜjKWbJ¦a


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tm,l´citþ kñúgOkasEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy tamRbRktI ehIy

GaTitük*man .

júaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA d|itza kalPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ

esckþIepSgKña k*eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKImansJ¦aepSgKña eRb[bdUc

y¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμaneLIy xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH rEmg

Ca

R:kd dUceKaTaMgLayEdlR:kd Rtg´kMBg´TwkEdlCaTIRbCMucuH

Pikú¡mYyrUb eBalza ²RBHsURtenH R:kddl´elakTaMgLay dUc

tGMBIenaHmk Pikú¡enaHKb|IykExSKWsticg TwmkñúgTIenaHÉg eRsc

CaGIV³ dUecñHç Pikú¡mYyrUb k*eqøIytbza ²R:kddl´x\úM dUcCasÞwgd*ZM

ehIycak´edayCnøÜjKWbJ¦a

EdlhUrecjGMBIPñM³ dUecñHç Pikú¡déTeT[t eqøIyza ²‘nimitþenH’ rEmg

RbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y>

k*y¨agenaH

Edr . kalPikú¡enaH Rbkby¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμan nimitþ k*R:kd .

‘nimitþR:kdepSgKña’

k*ÉkmμdðanenHenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd eday

kalPikú¡TaMgLayeRcInrUb

R:kddl´x\úM

Gg<úysVaZüaynUvRBHsURt

dUcCadgéRBmYy³ dUecñHç

kal

Pikú¡mYyrUbeT[t eqøIyza

²‘nimitþenH’ R:kddl´x\úM dUcCaedImeQI EdleBjehIy eday

k*GacarüTaMgLayBYkxøH eBalza ²nimitþenHenaH minEmn

Tmán´énEpø EdlbribUreTAedayEmk manmøb´d*RtCak´³ dUecñH . Emn

CanimitþR:kdesμIEtmYy dl´RBHeyaKITaMgBYgeLIy bu¨Enþza nimitþ

Bit RBHsURtenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd dl´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH

enaH rEmgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH dUcCabu¨uyKrk*man dUcCa

epSgKña eRBaHPikú¡TaMgenaHmansJ¦aepSgKña y¨agdUecñaH . eRBaHza

bu¨ykb|ask*man

kmμdðanenH ekItGMBIsJ¦a mansJ¦aCaehtu mansJ¦aCaEdnekIt

dUcCaZñarénxül´k*man

EdljúaMgsuxsmösS

oekIteLIg³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²rEmgR:kd edayesckþIepSg

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay dUcteTAenH . k*nimitþenH

rEmgR:kd

dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

dUcCarUbp,ayk*man

dUcCaduMEkvmNIk*man dUcCadMuEkvmukþak*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

Kña eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKITaMgenaH mansJ¦aepSgKña³ dUecñHÉg .

‘er]gZm( 3 Rbkar’ k*kñúgkmμdðanenH citþ

Edlmanxül´degØImecjCaGarmμN¾

CanimitþmansmösSrwg rEmgR:kd dUcCaRKab´kb|ask*man dUcCa

CacitþmYy citþ Edlmanxül´degØImcUlCaGarmμN¾ CacitþmYy citþ

rnukeQIEdlmanxøwmk*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUc

EdlmannimitþCaGarmμN¾ k*CacitþmYyEdr . EmnBit Zm(TaMgLay

CaExSsgVad*Evgk*man

dUcCaGNþatEpSgk*

bIenH minmandl´buK<lNa kmμdðan énbuK<lenaH rEmgmindl´nUv

man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUcCasrésBIgBagEdl

Gb|napg nUvóbcar;pg . bu¨EnþZm(TaMgbIenH mandl´buK<lNa

latehIyk*man dUcCadM:rBBkk*man dUcCap,aQUkk*man dUcCa

kmμdðan énbuK<lenaHÉg rEmgdl´nUvGb|napg nUvóbcar;pg .

dUcCakRmgp,ak*man

kg´rzk*man dUcCamNÐl énRBHc&nÞk*man nig dUcCamNÐlénRBH

smdUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBal ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

cUreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðaner]y>³ .

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

Pavna rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIenaH edayGMNacénfbna cab´

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

TaMgLay eBalza ;

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Etza kalPikú¡min

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min dwgnUvZm(TaMgLaybI Pavna rEmg:nsMerc

‘1’

.

‘nimitþR:kdehIyedayeZVIy¨agNa’ ‘171’ RBHTIXPaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy y¨agenH za ; k*kalnimitþ R:kdehIy y¨agdUecñH Pikú¡enaH Kb|IeTAkan´ sMNak´énGacarü ehIyR:b´za ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn GarmμN¾man sPaBEbbenH rEmgR:kd dl´x\úM³ . cMENkGacarü Kb|IR:b´za ²nu@HKWCanimitþ³ ßza ²nu@HminEmnCanimitþ³ dUecñHeT Pikú¡enaHRtUvGacarü R:b´za ²mñalGavuesa ehtuenaH many¨agenHÉg³ ehIyeBalza ²GñkcUreZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHer]y> cuH³ . eRBaHza kalGacarü eBalza ²Canimitþ³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH rEmgdl´nUvTIbJ©b´ . kal Gacarü eBalza ²minEmnCanimitþeT³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH k*Gs´esckþI sg¹wm Kb|IesaHGeg<Iy eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüminRtUv R:b´TaMgBIry¨ageLIy RKan´EtRbkbkñúgmnsikarbu¨eNÑaH . cMENkRBHmCÄimPaNkacarüTaMgLay eBalza ²Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüKb|IeBalza ; mñalGavuesa enHCanimitþ Ensb|úrs Gñk 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

lMdab´enaH RBHeyaKIenH Kb|ItMkl´citþ kñúgnimitþhñwgÉg .

edImGMBIbdiPaKnimitþenHeTA y¨agenHÉg . smdUcRBHburaNacarü

GñkmanR:C\a kalbJÄb´nUvcitþ kñúgnimitþ eZVIo Cak´c|as´ nUvGakar;epSg> eQμaHza cgeRk[kTuk nUvcitþ rbs´xøÜn kñúgxül´GsSasbsSas; .

cab´edImGMBIkarR:kdénnimitþy¨agenH nIvrNZm(TaMgLay CaZmμCat

KWPikú¡enaH

RKbsg,t´ehIyEmnBit

kielsTaMgLay

sáb´esá{mehIy stiCaZmμCatR:kdBit citþk*tMkl´enAmaM eday óbcarsmaZiBitEmn . lMdab´enaH

nimitþenaH

RBHeyaKIenH

minKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayBN( minKb|IBicarNa edaylk¡N;eT .

k*bu¨EnþRBHeyaKI

Kb|Iev[r nUvGsb|ayTaMg 7 manGavasCaedIm ehIyesBnUv sb|ayTaMg 7 enaHÉg Kb|IrkSao:nlÁ dUcCaRBHxtþiymehsI EzrkSanUvKP(énesþccRkBtííþ nig dUcCaGñkERsEzrkSakMepIménRsUv salI nig RsUvdMeNIb dUecñaHÉg . bnÞab´mk luHRBHeyaKI rkSanUvnimitþenaH y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVIodl´ nUvesckþIcMerInTUlM TUlay edayGMNacénkiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþ Caer]y> ehIyjúaMg Gb|naekaslø 10 y¨ag odl´RBm ehIyRbkbesckþIBüayam


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

o:nRbéB . kalRBHeyaKIenaHBüayamy¨agenH ctuk,CÄan nig

énnamnigrUbenaH . k*RBHeyaKI kalEsVgrk eXIjnamnigrUbenaH

bJ©kCÄan rEmgekIteLIg kñúgnimitþenaH tamlMdab´énBaküEdl

ehIyR:rBÆ nUvkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA énnamnigrUb kñúgkalTaMgLaybI

eyIgeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

ehIy qøgnUvesckIþsgS&y CaGñkmanesckþIsgS&yqøgputehIy

‘viZIcMerInvibsSna t’

elIkeLIg‘nUvnamrUb’ kan´éRtlk¡N¾ edayGMNacénkarBicarNa

‘kMNt´namrUb’

nUvklab‘:c´’ ehIylHbg´ nUvvibsSnUbki,elsTaMg 10 man

k*Pikú¡ Gñkmanctuk,CÄan nig bJ©kCÄan ekItehIy

OPasCaedIm EdlekIteLIg kñúgbuBVPaK énóTyBVyanubsSna

y¨agenH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGMNacénsløk¡Na

‘kiriyaBicarNaeXIjnUvkarekIt nig karrlt´’ ehIykMNt´ nUv

nig vivdþna ehIydl´nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi kñúgGana:nsStiPavnaenH

bdibTajaN EdlputehIy cakóbki,elsTaMgLay za CamK<

rEmgeZVIQanenaHÉg

ehIy

‘172’

odl´nUvPaBsÞat´

edayGakar;TaMgLay

lHbg´nUvkarekIteLIg

seRmcdl´Pg<anubsSna

‘kiriya

5 y¨agsÞat´CMnaj kMNt´nUvnamrUbehIy taMgepþImnUvvibsSna .

BicarNaeXIjnUvkarEbkZøay’ ehIyk*en]yNay ZujRTan´ kñúg

sYrza ; etItaMgepþImdUcemþc . eqøIyza; d|itza RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡

sg¡arTaMgBYg EdlR:kdeLIgedayPaBKYrP&yxøac edayGMNac

enaH ecjcakBIsmabtþiehIy rEmgeXIjza krCkay nig citþ

énPg<anubsSna minmancenøaH rYcRsLH dl´nUvGriymK< 4 tam

CaEdnekIteLIg énxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay . dUcCakal

lMdab´y¨agNa taMgenAs)b´ kñúgGrhtþpl dl´ehIynUvTIbMput

sñb´énCagmas

énbc©evk¡NJ¦aN 19 RbePT CaGK<Tki¡eNyü énelak RBm

KWbuK<lsb´

xül´EdlGaRs&ynUvsñb´pg

nUv

esckþIBüayam d*smKYrdl´sñb´enaH énburspg rEmgsJ©reTA y¨agNamij xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay GaRs&ynUvkay nig citþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

tGMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvxül´

TaMgeTvelak . k*karcMerInGana:nsStismaZi karrab´CaxagedIm

énRBHeyaKIenaH

manbdibsSnaCaTIbMput

EdleZVI

CaZmμCatcb´eRsc

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay nUvkaypg za CarUb nUvcitþpg nUv

ehIy edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHÉg . enHCakarBN(na nUv

Zm(Edlsm|yutþ edaycitþenaHpg za CaGrUb .

ctuk,; TI1

seg¡b

kñúgkarkMNt´namrUbn@uH

.

enHCaesckþI

cMENkÉkarkMNt´namnigrUb

nwgmanR:kd xagmux edayesckþIBisþar . RBHeyaKIluHkMNt´namnigrUby¨agenHehIy EsVgrkbc©&y

edayGakar;TaMgBYg .

‘173’ cMENkkñúgctuk,;TaMgbIeRkAenH eQμaHzan&y énkar cMerInkmμdðanepSgminman eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH Kb|IRCab esckþIénctuk,;TaMgenaHÉg

tamn&yénkarBN(naGnubThñwgÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

131

‘karBN(nactuk,;TI2’

132

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

rbs´GñkkMNt´dwg

nUvkayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

edayGMNacénPaBCaGñk

bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl stik*tm,l´

kaleZVInUvbItioCabItiKWxøÜndwgc|as´ehIy KWeZVIoR:kd dkdegØIm

maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡ dwgc|as´ehIy edaystienaH eday

ecj dkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ enaHmanesckþI

jaNenaH

za bIti CaZmμCatKWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 2

ehIy

KWedayGarmμN¾ 1 edayGsemμah; 1 .

GZidðannUvcitþÇÇÇkaleC]s)b´edaysTÆaÇÇÇkalp<gesckþIBüayamÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat

kalPikú¡rMBwg bItienaH eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´

kalPikú¡enaHdwgÇÇÇ

kaleXIjÇÇÇ

kalRbugTuknUvstiÇÇÇ

Qan 2 EdlmanbIti eRBaHkiriya:nnUvQan bIti CaZmμCat

bJ¦aÇÇÇ kalRtas´dwg nUvZm(EdlKYrRtas´dwgÇÇÇ kalkMNt´dwgnUv

KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ eRBaHPav;énGarmμN¾ Ca

Zm(EdlKYrkMNt´dwgÇÇÇ kallHnUvZm(EdlKYrlHÇÇÇ kalcMerInnUv

ZmμCat KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

Zm(EdlKYrcMerInÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGsemμah;

c|as´ç

etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy

eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg ‘1’ .

kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ eQμaHza

Pikú¡enaH

kaldwgc|as´

kal

KWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUl

bItienaH

kaltm,l´nUvcitþÇÇÇ

kalBicarNaÇÇÇ

eday

nUvZm(EdlKYreZVIoCak´

dwgc|as´ehIyç

bItienaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

sUm|IIbTd*essTaMgLay k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI

edayesckþIsUnüeTA bIti CabIti KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy eday

tamn&yenHÉg . EtenHRKan´EtCaesckþIEbøkKñaRtg´bTenH . PaB

Gsemμah; eRBaHkiriyacak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna .

énRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvsux bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNac

smdUcCaRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTamK< za ; kalPikú¡

énQanTaMgLay 3 PaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar

dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy Edlminraymay eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacQanTaMgLay 4 .

GMNacéndegØImecjEvg sti k*tm,l´maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡

2

dwgc|as´ehIy

sMevTI enH

BicarNanUvbIti

Edlsm|yutþedayQan

edaystienaH

edayjaNenaH

c|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

kalPikú¡dwg

Edlminraymay

eday

GM N acéndegØ I m cU l EvgÇÇÇedayGM N acéndegØ I m ecjxø I Ç ÇÇeday GMNacéndegØImcUlxøIÇÇÇ edayGMNacéndegØImecj nig degØImcUl

manevTnaCaedIm eQμaHza citþsg¡ar .

xnÆTaMgLay

k*kñúgbTza suxb|di-

RBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ; Baküza

²sux³ :ndl´ sux 2 y¨ag KWkayiksux 1 ectsiksux 1 edIm|IsMEdgnUvvibsSnaPUmi . 1-

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 151 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

133

bTza ²bsSmÖyM citþsg¡arM³ esckþIza kalrmáab´ KWkal

134

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sm|yutþZm(

kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

sYrza ;

esckþI

rMlt´nUvcitþsg¡ar EdleRKatRKat > .

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI

eRtkGrd*éRkElg edayGMNacénvibsSna etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza

rlt´nUvcitþsg¡aenaH

tamn&yEdlelak:n

Pikú¡ cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy BicarNabIti Edl

edayesckþIBisþar

eBalehIy kñúgkaysg¡arhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bNþabTTaMgenaH

sm|yutþedayQan

kñúgbTza

Pikú¡enaH eZVIbItiEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQanoCaGarmμN¾ júaMg

bIti

elakeBalevTna

edayRbZanKWbIti

Rtg´bTza

sux elakeBalevTna edayrUbrbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg kñúgbTza citþsg¡arTaMg 2 elakeBalevTna EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysJ¦a eRBaH:LIza ²sJ¦a nig evTna CatYectsik Zm(TaMgnu@HCab´cMeBaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

citþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA kñúgxN;énvibsSna y¨agenHÉg . RBHeyaKIGñkRbtibtþiy¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza Gatμa Gj nwgjúaMgcitþorIkrayéRkElg dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl. bTBIrza ²smaTyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´

edaycitþ eQμaHza citþsg¡ar³ dUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IRCabza ctuk,;enH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy tamn&yénevTnanubsSna y¨agenHÉg .

nUvcitþoesμI

KW taMgcitþoesμI kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénQan

manbfmCÄanCaedIm

‘ctuk,;TI3’

ßBMuenaHesat

cUlQanTaMgenaHehIy

k*

ecj ehIyBicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan eday

‘174’ sUm|Ikñúgctuk,; TI3 bNÐit Kb|IRCabPaB énRBH

esckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

PaBéncitþRbRBwtþeTA

kñúg

eyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvcitþ edayGMNacénQanTaMgLay 4 .

xN;CacitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy rEmgekIteLIg edaykarcak´ZøúHnUv

BIrbTza ²GPib|emaTyM citþM³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

lk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna Pikú¡tMkl´citþoesμI KWtaMgcitþoesμI

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA oRss´Rsay oRss´

kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénxNikcietþkK<ta EdlekIteLIgehIy

RsayTUeTAnwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²GPi-

y¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgtMkl´citþ onwg

b|emaTyM citþM³ enaH esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg Etgman eday

dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl .

Gakar; 2 y¨ag KW edayGMNacénsmaZi 1 edayGMNac én vibsSna

1 .

sYrza

esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg

edayGMNac

bTBIrza ²viemacyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaljúaMg citþorYc

orYcRsLH

caknIvrN;TaMgLay

edaybfmCÄan

énsmaZi etIy¨agdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 Edlman

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay

bIti Pikú¡enaH júaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTYeTA edaybIti EdlCa

edayTutiyCÄan

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakbIti

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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136

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ttiyCÄan kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksux nig Tuk¡TaMg

eRBaHehtuGVI . eqøIyza eRBaHPav;énxnÆR:MenaH mankarekIteLIg

Lay edayctutæCÄan

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI cUlQanTaMgLay

Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT . bTza ²Gnic©ta³ :ndl´PaBén

enaH ecjehIy k*BicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan

bJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaHÉgmankarekIteLIg Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT

edayesckþIGs´eTA edayesckþIsUnüeTA RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIcitþ

ßza PaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH manehIy EbreTACaminmaneTAvij .

orYc orYcRsLH caknic©sJ¦a edayGnic©anubsSna kñúgxN;

GZib|ayza

énvibsSna eZVIcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksuxsJ¦a edayTuk¡a-

eLIgehIy mintaMgenA edayGakar;enaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay eday

nubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGtþsJ¦a edayGntþanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakesckþIeRtk

karEbkZøayRKb´xN; . bTza ²Gnic©anubsSna³ KWkarBicarNa

RtGal edayniBiVTanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakraK; edayviraKanubsSnaÇÇÇ

eXIjza mineT[g kñúgxnÆTaMgLay manrUbCaedIm edayGMNac

caksmuTy; edaynieraZanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGaTan;‘esckþIRbkan´’

énGnic©taenaH

edaybdinisSK<anubsSna

dkdegØImecj

nig

dkdegØImcUl

.

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgeZVIcitþ orYc dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . bNÐitKb|IRCabctuk,;enH za RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy edayGMNacéncitþanubsSna y¨agdUecñHÉg .

za ²Gnic©anubsSI³ enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab Gnic©M ‘rbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©ta ‘PaBCarbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSna Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSI

bTza

EdlekIt

²Gnic©anubsSI³ :ndl´RBHeyaKIGñk

RbkbRBm edaykarBicarNaeXIjenaH . eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡Ca Gñky¨agdUecñHehIy kaldkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl bNÐitKb|I RCab za eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjza

mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl kñúgTIenH . cMENkkñúgbTza ²viraKanubsSI³ enH viraK; ‘karR:scak

cMENkkñúgctuk,; TI4 manesckþIvinicä&yza kñúgbT

‘karBicarNaeXIjzamineT[g’

.

k*KWPaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgLayenaH

‘viraKanubsSI nieraZanubsSI’

‘ctuk,;TI4 ’ ‘Gnic©anubsSI’ ‘175’

Gnic©ta

‘GñkEdl

BicarNaeXIjzaCarbs´mineT[g’ Camun . kñúg 4 bT enaH bTza ²Gnic©M³ :ndl´ xnÆR:M .

sYrza

teRmk’ man 2 y¨ag KWxyviraK; 1 Gc©nþviraK; 1 . bNþaviraK; TaMg 2 enaH karEbkZøayRKb´xN; énsg¡arTaMgLay eQμaHza xNviraK; . RBHniBVan eQμaHza Gc©nþviraK; . vibsSna nig mK< EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénviraK;TaMg 2 enaH eQμaHza viraKanubsSna . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edayGnubsSnaTaMg 2 enaHÉg

kaldkdegØImecj

eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj

dkdegØImcUl

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

nwgCaGñkBicarNaeXIjkarR:s


visuTÆimK< ERb

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138

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

cakteRmk dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . n&y sUm|IkñúgbTza

dkdegIØmcUl bNÐitKb|IRCabza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgCaGñk

²nieraZanubsSI³ k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

BicarNaeXIjer]y> nUvkiriyarlas´ecal dkdegIØmecj dk degIØmcUl .

‘bdinisSK<anubsSI’ sUm|IkñúgbTza ²bdinisSK<anubsSI³ enH bdinisSK<; ‘kar

ctuk,; TI 4 enH

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

rlas´ecal’ man 2 KW bric©aKb|dinisSK<; ‘bdinisSK<; KWkarlH

GMNacénvibsSnasuTÆ hñwgÉg . cMENk ctuk,;TaMg 3 mankñúg

bg´’1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<;‘bdinisSK<;KWkarsÞúHeTA’1 . GnubsSna

xagmun RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIyedayGMNacénsmz; nig

KWbdinisSK<; eQμaHzabdinisSK<anubsSna . Baküza bdinisSK<a-

vibsSna . ‘176’ karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti manvtæú 16 bNÐitKb|I

nubsSna enH CaeQμaH énvibsSna nig mK< TaMgLay . EmnBit vibsSna rEmglHbg´ nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPi-

RCab edayGMNacénctuk,;TaMg 4 dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

sg¡arTaMgLay edayGMNacéntTg<b|han; EzmTaMg rEmgsÞúH

Gana:nsStienH

eTA kñúgRBHniBVan EdlpÞúyKñanwgkielsenaH eRBaHPav;énvibsSna

16 y¨agenH

‘EdlPikú¡:ncMerInehIy’

k*

edayGMNacénvtæú

eTIbmanpleRcIn manGanisgSeRcIn .

‘GanisgSGana:nsSti’

OneTA kñúgpøÚvenaH edaykiriyaeXIjnUveTas kñúgsg¡tZm( eRBaH

kñúgGanisgSénGana:nsStienaH

ehtudUecñaH eTIbelakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aK-

manBN(naza

bNÐit

cMENkmK< rEmglHbg´

Kb|IRCabPav;énGana:nsStienaH CaZmμCati manGanisgSeRcIn

nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPisg¡arTaMgLay eday

sUm|IedayGMNacénZm( EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr

GMNacénsmuecäTb|han;

manPaBCaZm(d*lÁitCaedIm

b|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

EzmTaMg

rEmgsÞúHeTA

kñúgRBHniBVan

eRBaHRBH:LIza

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edaykiriyaeZVI ‘nUvRBHniBVan’ oCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIb

Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

elakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aKb|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡-

eRcInehIy CaZm(d*lÁitpg CaZm(d*RbNItpg³ eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

Gackñúgkarkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;

k*vibsSnajaN nig mK<J¦aNTaMg 2 enH

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

.

EmnBit

:neZVIo

Gana:nsStismaZienH

elakehAza GnubsSna eRBaHkiriyaeXIjer]y> nUvjaN man

eRBaHCaZm(d*lÁit RbNIt CaZm(CaeRK]genAminRcbUkRcbl´ nig

kñúgxagmun> TaMgLay . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edaybdi-

Casux

nisSK<anubsSna TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

edayGMNacénvitk,;TaMgLay EdleZVIesckþIGnþray dl´smaZi

kaldkdegØImecj nig kal

eTIbkat´pþac´nUvkarsÞúHeTAéncitþ

xagenHpg

xagenaHpg


visuTÆimK< ERb

139

ehIyeZVIcitþomanmuxeq¬aHeTArkGarmμN¾ KWxül´dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUl Etbu¨eNÑaH .

140

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

R:kd minEmnminrlt´eTAvijeT ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHman

kñúgGana:nsStienaH xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay bI

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²Gana:nsSti KWPikú¡Kb|IcMerIn edIm|I

KW

cUleTAkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;³ dUecñH .

bsSas;

mYyeT[t

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénGana:nsStienaH

man

xül´GsSasbsSas;

mankñúgTIbMputénPB

mankñúgTIbMputénQan

kñúgTIbMputéncuti

xül´GsSas-

xül´GsSasbsSas;

edayGMNacénkiriyarlt´

.

EmnBit

man xül´

GanisgSeRcIn sUm|IedayPaBCamUlénkarbMeBjnUvviC¢a nig vimutþi

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkamPB bNþaPB

obribUr .

TaMgLay rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA kñúgrUbPB nig GrUbPBTaMgLayeT

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²mñal

Pikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsSti EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo

eRBaHehtuenaH

er]y> ehIy rEmgjúaMgstib|dðan 4 oeBjbribUN(:n .

za mankñúgTIbMputénPB . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmg

stib|dðan 4 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3 mankúñgTIbMput bNþaQanTaMgLay rEmg

rEmgjúaMgsem¬aCÄg<;TaMg 7 oeBjbribUN(:n . sem¬aCÄg<;

minRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQanTI4 eRBaHehtuenaH xül´GsSasbsSas;

TaMgLay 7 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

TaMgLayenaH

rEmgjúaMgviC¢a nig vimutþi oeBjbribUN(:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayNa

müa¨gvijeT[t

mankñúgTIbMputénQan ekIteLIgehIy

.

cMENk

CamYynwg

citþ TI16 kñúgxagmun éncuticitþ rEmgrlt´ CamYynwgcuticitþ xül´

GanisgSd*eRcIn bNÐitKb|IRCab sUm|IeRBaHkareZVInUvPav; énxül´

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenH eQμaHza mankñúgTIbMputéncuti .

dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUlTaMgLay Edlman kñúgTI

xül´cuticrim;TaMgLayenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgehIy za

bMput CasPav;KWxøÜndwg:n . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

²mankñúgTIbMput³ kñúgRBHsURtenH .

EdlbuK<l:n

:n»za kalPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvkmμdðanenH BicarNa

ceRmInehIyy¨agenH :neZVIoer]y> ehIyy¨agenH xül´degIØm

nUvkarekIteLIg kñúgxN;énkarekIteLIgéncitþ TI16 kñúgxagmuxén

ecj

EdlmankñúgkalCaxag

cuticitþ eRBaHPav;énxül´degIØmecj nig xül´degIØmcUl EdlPikú¡

eRkay degIØmecj nig degIØmcUlTaMgenaHÉg nwgrlt´eTAvijCa

kMNt´CaGarmμN¾ :nlÁRbéBehIy sUm|IkiriyaekIteLIg énxül´

nig

²mñalrahul

kalebIGana:nsSti

CaZmμCati

eTIbeQμaHza

eTIbeQμaH

man

ehIyza

Pav;énGana:nsStienaH

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenaH

degIØmcUlTaMgLayenaHNa

1- suÇ mÇ óÇ

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 359 .

1- suÇ mÇ mÇ PaKTI 23 TMB&rTI 244 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

141

142

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkiriyataMgenA sUm|Ikiriya

rbs´xøÜn ehIyR:b´Pikú¡sg¹ za ²etIGñkTaMgLay Zøab´eXIjPikú¡

taMgenAénxül´TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkarEbkZøay

EdlbriniBVan edayGakar;dUcemþcxøHEdr/ ³ . bNþaPikú¡TaMgenaH

sUm|IkarEbkZøay énxül´TaMgenaH k*rEmgR:kd .

Pikú¡TaMgLayBYkxøH :neBalza ²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay

EmnBit Pikú¡GñkcMerInnUvkmμdðandéT eRkAGMBIGana:nsSti-

EdlGg<úyelIGasn;hñwgÉg briniBVan³ . Pikú¡BYkxøH :neBalza

kmμdðanenHehIy seRmcnUvRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal én

²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay EdlGg<úyEBnEPñn elIGakas

Gayu:nxøH kMNt´min:nxøH . bu¨EnþPikú¡GñkcMerInnUvGana:nsSti

briniBVan³ .

manvtæú 16 enH ehIyseRmcRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal

Pikú¡EdlkMBugEtc®g,mhñwgÉg briniBVan dl´GñkTaMgLay³ .

énGayu:nTaMgGs´ . Pikú¡GñkcMerInGana:nsSti ehIy:nsMerc

lMdab´enaH RBHezr; eZVInUvKMnUs Rtg´TIc®g,m ehIyeBalza ²x\úM

nUvRBHGrhtþenaH dwgza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gayusg¡ar rbs´Gatμa

nwgedIreTAkan´TIbMputénxagmux GMBITIbMputénTIc®g,menHehIy kal

Gj nwgRbRBwtþeTA Gs´kalmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH nwgminRbRBwtþeTA

RtLb´mkvij RKan´Etdl´nUvKMnUsenHPøam nwgbriniBVan³ y¨agenH

kñúgxagnayGMBIkalenHeT³ dUecñHehIy eZVInUvkic©TaMgBYgTaMgLay

ehIy k*cuHkan´TIc®g,m edIreTAkan´cMENkxagnay kalRtLb´mk

mankarCMrHnUvsrIr; nig karesø{kBak´CaedIm tamZmμtarbs´xøÜn

vij k*briniBVanehIy kñúgxN;EdlelakCan´nUvKMnUs edayeCIg

hñwgÉg ehIyeZμcEPñkTaMgLay dUcCaRBHtisSetær GñkGaRs&y

m¡agPøamhñwgÉg .

enAkñúgekadibBVtvihar dUcCaRBHmhatisSetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúg mhakrJ¢niyvihar

dUcCaRBHbiNÐ:tiktisSetær

kñúgeTvbutþrdð

nig dUcCaRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrRBHGg< GñkGaRs&yenA kñúgcitþlbBVtvihar y¨agdUecñaHÉg . enHCakarsMEdgnUver]gmYy

kñúgcMeNamer]génRBHezr;TaMg

LayenaH . :n»za kñúgcMeNamRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrGg< RBH ezr;mYyGg< sURtnUv:tiemak¡ kñúgézáóe:sz manRBHc&nÞeBjvg´ manPikú¡sg¹EhhmehIy nimnþeTAkan´TICaTIenA rbs´xøÜn :nfit enARtg´TIc®g,m rmilemIlnUvBnøWénRBHc&nÞ BicarNanUvGayusg¡ar

RBHezr; eBalza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH x\úMnwgsMEdgnUv

eRBaHehtu e naHÉg

bNÐ i t Kb|I C aGñ k mi n RbmaT

Rbkber]y> nUvGana:nsSti EdlmanGanisgS eRcIn y¨agenH sBV>kal y¨agenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgGana:nsSti . v

v

v

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

143

‘óbsSmanusSti’

144

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjaMJInUvesckþIRsvwg³ eRBaHRBH:LIza ²viraKZm(enH KWGVI/

k*RBHeyaKIGñkR:zña edIm|IcMerInnUvóbsmanusSti

viraKZm(enH KWZm(CaeRK]gjaMjInUvesckþIRsvwg .l. KWRBHniBVan³

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGana:nsSti eTA

dUecñH Gsg¡tZm(enaH k*Kb|I:neQμaHza viraKZm(Edr . EmnBit

kan´TIsáat´

nUv

viraKZm(enaH elakehAza mTnimμTn; eRBaHesckþIRsvwgTaMgLay

KuNTaMgLay énRBHniBVan eBalKWkiriyacUleTArmáab´ nUvesckþI

TaMgBYg manesckþIRsvwg edayGMNacénmanH nig esckþIRsvwg

Tuk¡RKb´y¨ag y¨agdUecñHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm(TaMgbu¨nμan Ca

kñúgPaBCabursCaedIm GaRs&ynUvviraKZm(ehIy k*Gs´Rsvwg KW

sg¡tZm(kþI CaGsg¡tZm(kþI

ElgRsvwg KWza:t´eTA .

‘177’

LayenaH

ec[secjcakGarmμN¾smáMenA

eRBaHza

RtUvrlwker]y>

viraKZm( R:kdCaRbesIrCagZm(TaMg

viraKZm(enH

CaZm(sRmab´benÞabg´nUvesckþI

bi:sviny;

mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eRBaHesckþIeRskXøan

kñúgkamTaMgLayTaMgBYg

CaZm(GacdkeLIgnUv

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkiriyakMcat´bg´ KWza nUv

Gal&y CaZm(pþac´bg´nUvvdþ; CaZm(Gs´eTAéntNØa CaZm(R:s

kiriyaGs´:t´eTA . mYyeT[t viraKZm( elakehAza Galys-

cakteRmk CaZm(rlt´ CaZm(minmaneRK]gcak´ERsH ‘1’³ dUecñH .

muK¹at; eRBaHGal&y KWbJ©kamKuNTaMgLay rEmgdl´nUvkiriya

‘EkGtæ:LI’

dkeLIg eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

Rsvwg

CaZm(kMcat´bg´nUvesckþIeRskXøan

kñúg:f;TaMgLayenaH Baküza ²manRbmaNRtwmNa³ KW

elakehAza vdþúbecäT; eRBaHvdþ;EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 rEmg

manRbmaNbu¨NÑa . Baküza ²Zm(TaMgLay³ :ndl´sPavZ(m

dac´sUnü eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

TaMgLay . Baküza ²Casg¡t;kþI CaGsg¡t;kþI³ KW Edlbc©&y

elakehAza tNØk¡y; viraK; nieraZ; eRBaHtNØa GaRs&ynUv

TaMgLaypSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI min:npSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI . Baküza ²viraKZ(m

viraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTApg R:scaktMerkpg rlt´

tzaKteBalzaCakMBUlénZm(TaMgLayenaH³

tzaKt

eTApg edayRbkarTaMgBYg . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eBalza CakMBUl KWeBalza RbesIr ótþm énsg¡tZm( nig

niBVan; eRBaHviraKZm(enaH ecjehIy KWrlas´ecjehIy R:s

Gsg¡tZm(TaMgLayenaH . minEmnRtwmEtkiriyaminmanénesckþI

ecjehIy caktNØa Edl:neQμaHza ²van;³ eRBaHrYbrwt KWcg

teRmkbu¨eNÑaHeT

eQμaHza

viraK;

KWviraKZm(

kñúg:LIenaH

ebItamBiteTA

Gsg¡tZm(enaHNa :nnUveQμaHTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾za ²Zm(Ca 1-

suÇ GMÇ cÇ

PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 84 .

ERsH cak´ERsH nUvkMeNIt 4 Kti 5 viJ¦aNdðiti 7 nig stþavas 9 eRBaHPaBénkiriyajúaMgstVoeTA> mk> dUecñHÉg . cUleTArmáab´ eBalKWRBHniBVan

Zm(Edl

RBHeyaKIKb|IrMlwker]y>

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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146

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GMNacénKuNTaMgLay manZm(CaeRK]grmáab´nUvesckþIRsvwg Ca

eTas;caMs,at´ehIy

edImenaH>

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKavcrenaH CacitþeTARtg´ :j´eq¬aHeTArkesckþI

dUcBN(namkenH

ßk*

KuNénóbsm;TaMgLaydéT

minRtUvemah;caMs,at´ehIy

Na EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgRBHsURtTaMgLay

sáb´rmáab´EmnBit

manCaedImza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvGsg¡tZ(m

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr GñkRKbsg,t´nUvnIvrNZm(:nehIy kñúg

dl´GñkTaMgLaypg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvsc©Zm(pg tzaKt nwg

xN;CamYyKña

edayGMNacénn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy

sMEdgnUveRtIyKWRBHniBVanpg

GnusStimun

manBuTÆanusSti

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlstV

>

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgsm&yenaH

Gg<QanTaMgLay

CaedImhñwgÉg

.

rEmgekIt

kñúg

EteRBaHPav;

eXIj:nedaykRmBn´eBkpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμan

énóbsmKuNTaMgLayCaKuNd*RCaleRCA ßza eRBaHPav;éncitþ

esckþIcas´RKaMRKapg

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdleT[gTat´pg

begÁaneTAkñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>Kña Qan

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμandMeNIryWtyUrpg tzaKt nwg

enH eTIbCaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

sMEdgZm(Edlminsøab´pg

QanenHenaH

tzaKt

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgZm(CaTIsRmanþpg

rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za

²óbsmanusSti³ hñwgÉg

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*ekSmpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(Edl

eRBaHekIteLIg edayGMNacénkiriyarlwker]y>nUvóbsmKuN .

minZøab´manpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minmanesckþIGnþraypg

ÉóbsmanusStienH

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minBüa:Tpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*

dUcCaqGnusStiEdr . kalebImanehtudUecñaH sUm|IbuzuC¢n GñkZán´

brisuTÆpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(CaTIBwgpg tzaKt nwgsMEdg

kñúgóbsm; k*KYreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvóbsmanusStiEdr . eRBaHza

nUvZm(CaTIkarBarpg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZ(m

sUm|IedayGMNacénkarsþab´ citþ k*rEmgRCHzøakúñgóbsm;:n .

CaTIBYn dl´GñkTaMgLaypg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|Irlwk er]y> edayGMNacénKuNTaMgLayenaHÉg dUcKña:nEdr .

‘GanisgSóbsmanusSti’ kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

rlwker]y>

rEmgseRmc

dl´RBHGriysav&kEtbu¨eNÑaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvóbsmanusStienH rEmgedklk´ Casux

P\ak´eLIgk*Casux

CaGñkman«®nÞIy¾sáb´rmáab´

CaGñkman

citþsáb´esá{m CaGñkRbkbRBmedayhiri nig Otþb|; CaGñknaMmk

nUvesckþIsáb´rmáab´

nUvesckþIRCHzøa

CaGñkmancitþbegÁaneTA

kñúgZm(d*RbNIt

CaGñk

edayGMNacénKuN manZm(sMrab´benÞabg´ nUvesckþIRsvwgCaedIm

KYreKarB nig CaGñkKYrsresIr énsRBhμcarITaMgLay mYyeT[t

y¨agenH

ebIminTan´:ncak´ZøúHnUvZm(d*éRkElgeT CaGñkmansuKtiRbRBwtþeTA

1-

kñúgsm&yenaH

suÇ sMÇ sÇ

citþ

minRtUvraK;caMs,at´ehIy

PaKTI 36 TMB&rTI 366-373 .

minRtUv

kñúgxagmux .


visuTÆimK< ERb

147

emtþaRBhμvihar

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg bNÐit GñkmanR:C\aCaeRK]g

BicarNa Kb|ICaGñkminRbmaT cMerInnUvsti kñúg óbsm;d*RbesIr

EdlmanGanisgSeRcIn

y¨ag

enH dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgóbsmanusSti . briecäT TI8 eQμaH GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyarIkrayénsaZuCn dUcBN(namkenHÉg . v

v

v

RBhμviharnieTÞs

148

muTita

‘178’

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enH KW emtþa kruNa

óebk¡a

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy

énGnusStikmμdðan

RBHeyaKavcr

EdlCaGaTikmμik;

kñúglMdab´ GñkR:zña

edIm|IcMerInnUvemtþa Kb|IcUleTApþac´bg´nUvblieBaZ er[nnUvkmμdðan eZVIPtþkic©ehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyo:nRsYl elIGasn;EdlbuK<lRkallÁehIy kñúgRbeTsd*sáat´ BicarNa nUveTas kúñgeTas; nig GanisgS kñúgesckþIGt´Zn´ Camun . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI / .

eqøIyza eRBaHRBHeyaKIKb|IlH

bg´eTas;:n nig Kb|I:nxnþI edayPavnaenH . ÉRBHeyaKI min GacedIm|IlHbg´ nUveTasEdlxøÜnmin:neXIjehIyNamYy ßk* edIm|I:nnUvGanisgS EdlxøÜnmindwgc|as´ehIyNamYy:neT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeXIjeTas kñúgeTas; edayGMNac énRBHsURtTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²mñalGavuesa buK<lRtUveTas; RbTUsþehIy

RtUveTas;RKbsg,t´ehIy

CaGñkmancitþRkhl´

RkhayehIyedayeTas; rEmgsmøab´stVmanCIvit:n³ dUecñH . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCabGanisgS kñúgxnþI edayGMNacén RBH:LITaMgLay manCaedIm za ;

²xnþIKWesckþIGt´Zn´ Catb; d*éRkElg RBHBuTÆTaMg Lay RTg´Rtas´nUvRBHniBVanza CaZmμCatd*ótþm tzaKt ehAnUvbuK<lGñkmanxnþICakMLaMg

Gñkman


visuTÆimK< ERb

149

kMLaMg KWxnþI CakgB&T za CaRBahμN¾ RbeyaCn¾ d*éRkElgCagxnþI minmaneLIy³ .

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IR:rBÆkarcMerInemtþa edIm|ICa RbeyaCn¾dl´kareZVIcitþ o:nsáat´cakeTas; EdlmaneTas KW xøÜneXIjehIy nig edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karcgnUvcitþ kñúgxnþIEdl manGanisgS KWxøÜn:ndwgc|as´ehIy y¨agenHÉg .

‘buK<lEdlCaeTasdl´Pavna’ k*ÉRBHeyaKI kalcab´epþIm Kb|IdwgbuK<lCaeTas GMBIxag edImsin za ²RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa Camun kñúgbuK<lTaMg LayenHeT minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lTaMgLayenHEmnBit³ . BitEmnehIy emtþaenH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerIn CadMbUg kñúgbuK<l TaMgLay 4 enH KW buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´ 1 buK<lEdlCa sMLaj´EdlRsLaj´éRkeBk 1 buK<lCakNþal 1 buK<lEdl maneB[r 1

minRtUvcMerInemtþa edaycMeBaHbuK<lEdlmanePTCa

sRtUvnwgKña minRtUvcMerInesaHkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa Ca dMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . eqøIyza eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lEdlminCa TIRsLaj´ kñúgkEnøgCaTIRsLaj´rEmglM:k kaltMkl´sMLaj´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lEdlCakNþal rEmg lM:k

k*kalebIesckþITuk¡ sUm|ImanRbmaNtic ekIteLIgehIy

150

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

k*CaGñkdl´ehIynUvGakar;KWkarERskyMk*:n

kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lCakNþal> kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lCaRKU nig kñúg kEnøgénbuK<lEdlRsLaj´

rEmglM:k

kalRBHeyaKI

rMlwk

dl´buK<lEdlmaneB[r esckþIeRkaZ k*rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa CadMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay man buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedImeLIy . cMENkÉ

kñúgbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña

kalRBH

eyaKI cMerInedaycMeBaH R:rBÆnUvbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña enaHÉg raK; rEmgekIteLIg . :n»za buRtrbs´Gamatümñak´ sYrRBHezr; EdlCaCItunza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn etIbuK<l KYrcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEbbNa/³ . RBHezr; eqøIyza ²kñúgbuK<l EdlCaTIRsLaj´³ .

k*Priyarbs´xøÜn CaTIRsLaj´ énGamatü

enaH . GamatüenaH k*cMerInemtþacMeBaHPriyaenaH eZVIkarRbyuTÆCa mYynwgCJ¢aMg rhUtraRtITaMgBYg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI min RtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEdlmanePTCasRtUvnwgKñaeT . cMENkkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy cMerIn ‘emtþa’ k*rEmgmindl´nUvGb|na

kalRBHeyaKI

mindl´nUvóbcar;eLIy .

:n»mkza Pikú¡kMeLaHmYyrUb R:rBÆnUvGacarü eTIbepþImnUvemtþa . emtþa rbs´Pikú¡enaH RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy . Pikú¡enaH eTAkan´ sMNak´RBHmhaezr;ehIysYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn kar cUlemtþaQan

rbs´x\úMm©as´

CaZmμCatsÞat´BitEmn

bu¨Enþx\úMm©as´

minGacedIm|IcUlemtþaQansmabtþienaH:neT etIeRBaHehtuGVI³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

151

152

RBhμviharnieTÞs

RBHezr; eqøIyza ²mñalGavuesa cUrelakEsVgrknUvnimitþ³ . Pikú¡

GtþPaB

enaH kalEsVgrk ‘nUvnimitþ’ dwgzaGacarüeZVIkalkiriyaehIy k*

rkSaxøÜncuH ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedImkþI BaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

cMerInemtþa R:rBÆGñkdéT ehIyk*:nsMercsmabtþi . eRBaHehtu

Rtas´ehIy kñúgemtþsURt za ²sUmstVTaMgGs´ manesckþIsux

enaH

ß manesckþIekSm sUmmanxøÜndl´nUvesckþIsux ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCa

RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<leZVIkalkiriyaeLIy .

‘cMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜnÉgCamun’

kMuomaneB[r

kMuomanBüa:T

kuMbImanTuk¡

manEtsux

edImkþIç BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH rEmgxus eRBaHkñúgBaküenaH

Etza munCagCnTaMgGs´ RBHeyaKI Kb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜn

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn ‘emtþa’ kñúgxøÜn³ dUecñH .

Ég Caer]y> y¨agenH za ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkdl´ehIynUv

Kb|IeqøIyza ; BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH minxusGVIeT .

esckþIsux kMubImanTuk¡eLIy³ ßza ²GatμaGj cUrCaGñkminman

eRBaHehtuGVI /

eB[r minmanBüa:T minmanesckþITuk¡ manesckþIsux rkSanUvxøÜn³

edayGMNacénGb|na BaküpSayemtþa kñúgxøÜnmanCaGaTi¾za ²sUm

dUecñHk*:n .

oGatμaGj:nesckþIsux³ dUecñHenH KWx\úM:neBalehIy eday

ebImanBaküsYrza ; kalebImanehtuy¨agenH BaküÉNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za

²mñalPikú¡TaMg

eRBaHBaküenaH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

GMNacPav;énxøÜnCabnÞal´ .

EmnBitRbsinebIRBHeyaKI cMerInnUv

emtþa kúñgxøÜn tamn&yza ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkmanesckþIsux³

Lay cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayemtþa pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 etIdUc

dUecñHCaedImkþI Gs´kal 100 qñaM ß 1ç000 qñaM

emþc . buK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIeBjcitþ

ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH:neT . bu¨EnþkalRBHeyaKIenaHcMerIn

Kb|IpSayemtþa y¨agNamij Pikú¡ rEmgpSayemtþacitþ cMeBaHBYk

‘emtþa kñúgxøÜn’ za ²sUmoGatμaGj manesckþIsux³ dUecñHCaedIm

stVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg‘1’ ³ dUecñHkþI BaküNaEdlRBHsarIbuRt

PaBénxøÜnCaGñkR:zñanUvesckþIsux kñúgBYkstVdéT rEmgekIteLIg

eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ²emtþaecetavimutþi pSayedayminman

eRBaHeZVIxøÜn oCabnÞal´za GatμaGj cg´:nnUvesckþIsux sÁb´

cMENk edayGakar 5 etIdUcemþc /

KW pSayedayemtþacitþza

ex¬ImesckþITuk¡ cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nnUvesckþIsøab´eT

sUmstVTaMgGs´ kMuomaneB[r kMuomanBüa:T kuMbImanTuk¡ man

y¨agNa ÉBBYkstVdéT k*cg´:nesckþIsux sÁb´ex¬ImesckþITuk¡

Etsux rkSaxøÜncuHç sUmstVmanCIvitTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVekItehIy

cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nesckþIsøab´ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

TaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmbuK<lTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVTaMgGs´ Edlrab´zaman 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 313 .

mYyeT[t 1–

Gb|na k*min

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

suÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 . 2– suÇ xuÇ xuTÞk:fÇ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

153

RBhμviharnieTÞs

rYmEdncUlKña’ kñúglMdab´GMBIbuK<l manGacarüCaedImenaHmk Kb|I

buK<l mancitþrMBwgKit sBVTis rEmgrkmineXIj nUv bu K<lCaTIRsLaj´ CagxøÜ n

154 cMerInemtþa

kñú gTIN amY y eT

cMeBaHbuK<lCasMLaj´EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

xøÜneTIbCaTIRsLaj´eRcInCagbuK<ldéT y¨agenaH

buK<lCasMLaj´

Kb|Ieb[teb[nbuK<ldéTeLIy

RBHeyaKavcrcMerIn Kb|IeZVInUvcitþTn´oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúgcMENk

‘1’ dUecñH

mYy> ehIyKb|IRbmUlmk kñúgbuK<lCalMdab´KñaenaH > .

RTg´sMEdgehIynUvn&yenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IpSayemtþacMeBaHxøÜn Ca dMbUg edIm|IPaBCabnÞal´ kñúglMdab´enaH edIm|IjúaMgemtþaPavna o buK<lNaEdlCaTIRsLaj´

CaTIKab´citþ

CaTIeKarB nig CaTIsresIr CaGacarü ß ßza RbEhlGacarü CaóbCÄay¾ ß ßza RbEhlóbCÄay¾ énRBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IrB\k nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIRsLaj´ mankaro nig kareBalnUvBakü CaTIRsLaj´CaedIm nig nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIeKarB nig CaTI sresIr mansIl nig sut;CaedIm énbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ man GacarüCaedImenaH ehIycMerInemtþa tamn&yCaedImza ²sb|úrsnu@H cUrCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux cUrCaGñkminmanTuk¡³ . k* ‘kal cMerIneTA’ cMeBaHbuK<lEbbenH Gb|na rEmgseRmc edayBit .

‘cMerInemtþa rYmextþEdn’ ebIRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enH ehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHeT

mindl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

ehIycg´ edIm|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT

1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 207 .

cMeBaHbuK<lCa

kNþal GMBIbuK<lCakNþal cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r . k*kal

Ég eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlRsLaj´xøÜn min

RbRBwtþeTAedayRsYl

EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

GMBI

eday ‘kar

cMENkRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡Na

minmanbuK<lGñkmaneB[rkþI

sUm|IkalebIbuK<ldéTeZVInUvesckþIvinaso esckþIsMKal´za Ca GñkmaneB[rhñwgÉg

k*minekIteLIg

edayCatiCamhaburskþI

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkRbkb

RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enaH

minKb|IeZVIsUm|I

nUvesckþIxVl´xVay za ²emtþacitþ rbs´Gj kñúgbuK<lCakNþal CacitþKYrdl´Pavnakmμ «LÚvenH GatμaGj RbmUlmk nUvemtþacitþ enaH cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r³ dUecñHeLIy . cMENkxagbuK<lGñk maneB[r mandl´RBHeyaKINa Baküza ²RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

GMBIbuK<lCakNþal³

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´sMedAykRBHeyaKIenaH .

‘TUnμanxøÜneBlekItbdiX;’

‘n&yTI1 rlwkdl´eTasénesckþIeRkaZ’ k*RbsinebIkalRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlcitþmk cMeBaHbuK<l GñkmaneB[r bdiX; ‘esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ’ rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHkar rlwker]y>

nUvkMhusEdlbuK<lGñkmaneB[renaHeZVIehIy

ebImanRbkardUecñaH

RBHeyaKIenaH

kalCYbnUvemtþa

kal

cMeBaHbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

155

156

RBhμviharnieTÞs

NamYy kñúgcMeNambuK<lmankñúgkalmunTaMgLayer]y> ecj

‘179’ ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm( 7 y¨agenH CaTIeRtkGr

ehIypSayemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lenaHer]y> Kb|IbenÞabg´nUvbdiX; .

énsRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl

RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKI Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH bdiX;

manesckþIeRkaZ . Zm( 7 y¨agenH etIdUcemþc . mñalPikú¡TaMg

enAEtminrlt´ ebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|IBüayam edIm|I

Lay sRtUvkñúgelakenH rEmgR:zñanUvehtu y¨agenH dl´sRtUv

lHbg´nUvbdiX; edaykarrlwker]y> nUvRBHOvaTTaMgLay man

za Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH manvNÑ;GaRkk´ . er]genaHeRBaHehtuGVI

RBHOvaTEdleRb[beZ[bedayrNarCaedImcuH .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay sRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´sRtUv eRBaHvNÑ;

k*RBHeyaKIenaHkalTUnμannUvxøÜnenaH Kb|ITUnμanedayGakar

eT

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bursbuK<lenH ‘kalebI’ manesckþIeRkaZ

enHer]y> za mñalbursGñkeRkaZcéRg ERkgRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy

Rtas´ehIy za ;

bursbuK<lenaH TukCalabRsLablÁ :nekarsk´ nwg Bukmat´

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

ebIBYkecar EdlRbRBwtþ

manesckþIeRkaZ

rYbrwtehIy

GaRkk´ naMKñaGarGvyv;tUcZM rbs´GñkTaMgLay edayrNarEdl

ehIyesø{ksMBt´manBN(-s

mandgTaMgsgxag Pikú¡NamYy júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHecarTaMg

enaH eQμaHza manvNÑ;GaRkk´ CaGñkmanesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´

Gm|alenaH

Pikú¡enaH

mineQμaHza

CaGñkeZVItamsasna

rbs´

tzaKt edaykarminGt´sg,t´enaHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ; ²GñkNa

eRkaZtb

nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZehIy

k*BitEmnehIy

bu¨EnþbursbuK<l

ehIy . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay enHehAza Zm(TI1 CaTIeRtkGr én sRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl manesckþIeRkaZ . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay mYyeT[t sRtUv rEmg

GñkenaHÉgnwgmanesckþIGaRkk´ eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ

R:zñanUvehtuy¨agenH dl´sRtUvza Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH edkCa

enaHÉg ÉbuK<lmineRkaZtb nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZ

Tuk¡ .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenHkMumanRbeyaCn¾eRcIneLIy .l.

ehIy rEmgQñHnUvs®g<am EdleKQñH:neday

Ohñ@

kRm GñkNadwgzaGñkdéTeRkaZnwgxøÜn CaGñkman

buK<lenH kMumanyseLIy .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH kMuman

sμartI rmáab´esckþIeRkaZ:n GñkenaH eQμaHza CaGñkRbRBwtþnUvRbyaCn¾ dl´CnTaMg 2 nak´ KW xøÜn nig GñkdéT

‘2’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI21 TMB&rTI24 . 2– suÇ PaKTI30 TMB&rTI89 .

sUmobuK<lenH

miRteLIy

.l.

kMumanePaK;eLIy

.l.

luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

enH cUleTAkan´suKti sYK( eTvelakeLIy . ehtuGIV .

Ohñ@

sUmo

sUmkMuobuK<l er]genaH eRBaH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRBaHsRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´

sRtUv edaydMeNIreTAkan´suKtieT mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bu¨Enþburs-


visuTÆimK< ERb

157

158

RBhμviharnieTÞs

buK<lenH manesckþIeRkaZ manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy man

enaH sáb´rmáab´ karsáb´rmáab´:ny¨agenH CakarRbéB ebIbdiX;

esckþIeRkaZrYbrwtehIy k*RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaykay RbRBwtþTuc©rit

enaH minsáb´rmáab´eT tGMBIenaHeTA Zm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Ca

edayvaca RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaycitþ . luHbuK<lEdlmanesckþI

Zm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(d*brisuTÆlÁ kalrlwker]y>eTA k*rEmgnaMmk

eRkaZRKbsg,t´enaH RbRBwtþTuc©ritedaykay vaca edaycitþehIy

nUvesckþIRCHzøa RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwknUvZm(enaH> er]y> ehIy

EbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

benÞabg´nUvbdiX;:n .

k*rEmgeTAekIt

kñúgtircäan

eRbt

Gsurkay nrk ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

EmnBit kaysmacarhñwgÉg énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRb[bdUcGg,t´óssMrab´dutexμac Edl

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . ÉPaBénkaysmacar rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH sáb´

rEmg

rmáab´ehIy kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvvtþ nig esckþIRbtibtþieRcIn

minseRmcCaós kñúgRsuk:n TaMgminseRmcCaós kñúgéRB:n

KWCnTaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . cMENkvcIsmacar nig menasmacar

manóbmay¨agNamij mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘buK<lNa CaGñkmin

CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvvcIsmacar nig

RbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾xøÜn TaMgminRbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GñkdéT’

menasmacarTaMgenaH rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkar

tzaKteBalza bursbuK<lenH manóbemyüy¨agenaHEdr ‘2’³ .

sáb´rmáab´énkaysmacar Etbu¨eNÑaH .

ePøIgeqHrnÞalTaMgsgxag

manlamkRbLak´Rtg´kNþal

kñúgkal«LÚvenH GñkenaH kaleRkaZy¨agenH nwgmin:n

vcIsmacarEtmüa¨g énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;sáb´rmáab´

eQμaHza CaGñkeZVItamBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKpg

ehIy . ÉPaBénvcIsmacar énbuK<lBYkxøHenaHsáb´rmáab´ KWCn

EmnBit

k*CaGñkGaRkk´Cag

TaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . eRBaHzatamRbRktI buK<lenaHCaGñkqøatév

CaGñkQñHnUvs®g<am

kñúgbdisNðar;pg CaGñkKYrRsLaj´pg CaGñkeBalRsYlsþab´

kaleRkaZtb

bursEdleRkaZehIy

‘nwgGñkEdleRkaZ’ nwgmin:neQμaHza

EdleKQñH:nedaylM:kpg

nwg:neQμaHza

CaGñkeZVInUvZ(m

pg

CaGñkrYsraypg

CaGñkmanmuxRss´bs´pg

CaGñkeBal

EdlsRtUveZVIodl´sRtUv dl´xøÜn edayxøÜnÉgpg nwgeQμaHza

munpg sURtnUvZm( edaysMeLgd*BieraH sMEdgnUvZmμkza eday

CaGñkeRb[bdUcCaGg,t´ós sMrab´dutexμacpg³ dUecñH .

bT nig BüJ¢n;TaMgLayd*RtwmRtUv . cMENkkaysmacar nig

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI2 nwkdl´esckþIlÁrbs´eK’

menasmacar minsáb´rmáab´eT . RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvkay-

kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbwgERbgBüayam y¨agenH

smacar nig menasmacar rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y>

1- GMÇ sÇ PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 172 .

ebIbdiX;

2- PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 235 .

nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énvcIsmacarEtbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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160

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manmenasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ sáb´rmáab´ ehIy

.

ÉPaBénmenasmacar

énbuK<lBYkxøHenaH

sáb´rmáab´

ehIy rEmgR:kd dl´CnTaMgGs´ kñúgTITaMgLay mankarcUl

RBhμviharnieTÞs sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manZm(TaMg 3 enH sáb´rmáab´ehIy RBH

eyaKIR:zñanUvZm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvZ(m enaH> cuH .

eTAzVaybg<MRBHectiyCaedIm . EmnBit buK<lNa CaGñkmancitþ

mYyeT[t edIm|IsMEdgoc|as´nUvesckþIenHza ²emtþaPavna

minsáb´rmáab´ehIy buK<lenaH kalzVaybgM<nUvRBHectiykþI nUvedIm

CaZmμCati minEmnEdlbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUecñH eZVI:n eday

eBaZiRBwkSkþI nUvRBHezr;TaMgLaykþI minzVaybgM<edayeKarBeT Ca

kRmeT³ dUecñH GaXatb|divinysURt kñúgbJ©kni:tenHza ²mñal

GñkGg<úymancitþrevIrvayxøH Gg<úyegakgk´xøH kñúgmNÐlCaTIsþab´

Gavuesa KMnuMekIteLIgdl´Pikú¡ Pikú¡RtUvkMcat´bg´ edayRbkarTaMgBYg

nUvZm(

eRBaHGaXatb|divin&yNa GaXatb|divin&yenHman 5 y¨ag ‘1’ ³

.

cMENkbuK<lGñkmancitþsáb´rmáab´ehIy

zVaybgM<edayeKarB

eC]Cak´ehIy

CaGñkmanRtec[kepÞ{gsþab´ehIy

eZVIioCa

RbeyaCn¾ kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRCHzøaéncitþ edaykay

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH menasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ CasPav;sáb´ rmáab´ehIy dUcEzøgmkenHÉgç kaysmacar nig vcIsmacarTaMg CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT

bNÐitKb|IeZVIoBisþarpgcuH .

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI3 esckþIeRkaZeZVITuk¡oxøÜnÉg’ k*RbsinNaebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH

xøH edayvacaxøH eTIbsþab´Zm( .

Lay

dUecñH

RBHeyaKI

minKb|IKitnUvkay-

smacar nig vcIsmacarTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énmenasmacarEtmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy . sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH bNþaZm(TaMg 3 enH sUm|IZm(mYy k* minsáb´rmáab´Edr RBHeyaKI Kb|ItMkl´esckþIGaNit kñúgbuK<lenaH

esckþIKMnuM enAEtekIteLIgdEdl kalebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨agenH za ;

‘1’ zaebIbuK<lmaneB[r eZVIesckþITuk¡dl´Gñk kñúg ragkayrbs´xøÜn cuHehtuGVI k*GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUv esckþITuk¡

kñúgcitþrbs´xøÜn

EdlminEmnCakay

rbs´eKeTAvijç

‘2’ GñklHbg´ehIynUvmatabita Gñkmanóbkar;

za ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH buK<lenH Rtac´eTA kñúgmnusSelak k*Bit

eRcIn nig BYkjati manmuxkMBugEtERskyM ehtu

EmnehIy k*bu¨Enþza edayGMeNIHBIrbIézáeTA buK<lenH nwgCaGñk

GVI minlHbg´nUvesckþIeRkaZ EdlCasRtUv GñkeZVI

bMeBj nUvmhanrk 8 reNþApg nig ósSúTnrk 16 pg³ . d|itza esckþIKMnMu rEmgsáb´rmáab´ eRBaHGaRs&ynUvkruNa .

nUvGMeBIEdlminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾d*ZMç 1-

suÇ GMÇ bÇ

PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 114 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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162

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘3’ GñkminsmebI enAEtObRkesabesckþIeRkaZ

ehIy eRBaHPav;énZm(TaMgLayCasPav;RbRBwtþeTA

GñkrkSaenaH sUmsYrbnþic GñkNaláIeláI R:kdesμI

GñkNaeT[t kñúgTIenHç

‘4’ GñkeRkaZza kmμminRbesIr EdlbuK<ldéT:n

nUvbuK<lenaHecj buK<lenaH Kb|IeZVInUvesckþITuk¡

dUecñaH edayxøÜnÉgeTAvijç

xøÜnÉgEmnBit eRBaHehtudUcemþc k*GñkenAEteRkaZ

EdlCaeRK]gkat´bg´ nUvb\sénsIlTaMgLayEdl

kñúgxN; kñúgkal«LÚvenH etIGñkenAeRkaZxwgnwg

edayGñkç

‘10’ buK<lNaeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´buK<lNa ev[r

eZVIehIy y¨agNahñ@ GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvkmμR:kd

dl´buK<lNa xøÜnGñkCaehtu énesckþITuk¡ eday

‘5’ ebIbuK<ldéTmanbMNgcg´eZVIoGñkxwg :neZVI

xwgnwgeKeT[t .

nUvesckþIminKab´citþo

emþck*GñkjúaMgmenarzrbs´

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI4 BicarNakmμrbs´xøÜn’

eKoeBj edaykarjúaMgkMhwgoekIteLIgenaHç

‘6’ k*ZmμtaGñkeRkaZehIy nwgeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´ eK ß mineZVI Et«LÚvenHÉg Gñkeb[teb[n nUvxøÜn Ég edayekaZTuk¡ ‘Tuk¡eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ’ç

‘7’ müa¨geT[t ebIBYkGñkmaneB[r eLIgehIykan´ pøÚvminCaRbeyaCn¾ KWesckþIeRkaZ ehtuemþcTaMgGñk k*xwg yktMrab´tambuK<lBYkenaHeTAvijç

‘8’ sRtUvGaRs&ynUvkarxwgNarbs´Gñk eZVInUvGMeBI minCaTIRsLaj´ cUrGñkkat´ecal nUvesckþIxwgenaH eTA dUcemþck*GñkenAEtekþARkhay kñúgGMeBIEdlmin smKYreZVIGIVeT[tç

‘9’ sRtUv:neZVIGMeBIminCaTIKab´citþdl´Gñk eday xnÆTaMgLayNa xnÆTaMgLayenaH k*rlt´:t´eTA

‘180’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaHsUm|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨ag enH bdiX; enAEtminsáb´rmáab´hñwgÉgç kalebIy¨agenH RBHeyaKI enH Kb|IBicarNarnUvPaBénxøÜnpg énbuK<ldéTpg za CaGñkman kmμCarbs´xøÜn .

bNþaxøÜn nig buK<ldéTTaMgenaH RBHeyaKIKb|I

BicarNa ‘kmμ’ rbs´xøÜnÉg Camun y¨agenH za ²mñalGñkd*cMerIn GñkeRkaZxwgehIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH

GñknwgeZVInUvGVI

ERkgkmμenaH

maneTasCaehtu nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´Gñk eTß eRBaHza Gñk CaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k CaGñkmankmμCakMeNIt

CaGñkmankmμCaepABgS

CaGñkmankmμCa

TIBwgGaRs&y GñknwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñkTTYlyknUvrgVan´ én kmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t kmμenH minGacjúaMgsmμasem¬aZiJ¦aN o

sMerc dl´Gñk:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi‘J¦aN’ osMeRmc eT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmiosMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNa-


visuTÆimK< ERb

163

164

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaBénxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ

buK<lenaH oXøakcakRBHsasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l man

CaesþccRkBtþi

dl´

buK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúg

Gñk:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMgGñkoXøakcakRBH

nrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´buK<lenaHç buK<enaHÉg kaleZVInUv

sasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l manbuK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig

kmμenH eQμaHza erayraynUv ‘eTas’ dl´xøÜnÉg eRb[bdUcCa

júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúgnrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´

burs GñkQrenA kñúgTIRcasxül´ ehIyR:zñaerayray nUvbuK<l

Gñkç GñkenaH kaleZVInUvkmμenH eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig

déT edayZUlI dUecñaHÉg . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ za ;

nig

CaesþckñúgRbeTsCaedIm

oseRmc

eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉg omankøinsÁúy dUcCabursGñkR:zña edIm|Icab´ nUvregIkePøIgTaMgLay EdlR:scakGNþatkþI nUvlamkkþI eday édTaMg 2 ehIyRbharnUvbuK<ldéT eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉgomankøinsÁúy y¨agenaHEdr . RBHeyaKI luHBicarNa nUvPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmankmμCarbs´ xøÜn y¨agenHehIy Kb|IBicarNa nUvPaBénbuK<ldéTCaGñkmankmμ Carbs´xøÜn y¨agenH za ²sUm|IbuK<lenaH xwgcMeBaHGñkehIy nwg eZVInUvGVI ERkgkmμenaH nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´ buK<ln@uHÉg

eRBaHza

elakGñkd*manGayuenH

CaGñkmankmμCa

rbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k .l. nwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñk TTYlyknUvrgVan´énkmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t

kmμenH

minGacjúaMg

smμasem¬aZiJ¦aN osMercdl´eK:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi ‘J¦aN’ oseRmc:neT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmi osMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNamYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaB énxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ CaesþccRkBtþi nig CaesþckñúgRbeTs CaedIm oseRmcdl´eK:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMg

buK<lBalNa RbTUsþcMeBaHCn EdlminRbTUsþ CabursbrisuTÆ

minmankielsdUcCaTITYl

:b

rEmgRtLb´mkRtUvbuK<lBalenaHvij dUcCaZUlId* lÁit EdlbuK<l:cRcasxül´> k*RtLb´mkRtUv Gñk:cenaHvij

‘1’

.

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI5 BicarNadl´buBVcriyarbs´RBHBuTÆ’ ‘181’ k*RbsinebI RBHeyaKIenaH BicarNa nUvkmμsSkta y¨agenHehIy bdiX; k*enAEtminsáb´rmáab´dEdl kalebIy¨ag enH RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IBicarNa nUvKuNCacMENk énbuBVcriya rbs´RBHsasþavijmþg . enHCan&yénkarBicarNa kñúgbuBVcriya KuNrbs´RBHsasþaenaH za ²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn RBHsasþarbs´Gñk minTan´:nRtas´dwg kñúgkalmunGMBIsem¬aZism&y sUm|IenACaRBH eBaZistVenAeLIy kalbMeBjRBH:rmI Gs´ 4 Gseg¡ykMérmYy Esnkb| k*minjúaMgcitþRbTUsþcMeBaHbuK<lTaMgLayCasRtUvsUm|I 1- suÇ sMÇ sÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 92 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

165

CaGñksmøab´ kñúgCatiTaMgLayenaH>k*eday er]genHdUcemþcxøH/ .

‘sIlvCatk’

166

RBhμviharnieTÞs er]gkñúgxnþivaTICatk

xnþivaTItabseBaZistV

kalebIRBH

raCa ‘klaBu’ EdnkasI RTg´manR:C\aTn´exSay RTg´Rtas´sYrza

bNÐitKb|IRCaber]g kñúgsIlvCatk munsin RBHsIlv-

²EnsmN; etIGñkmanvaTIdUcemþc³ dUecñH k*eqøIyza ²Gatμa eQμaH

eBaZistV kalRBHraCaEdlCasRtUv KWGamatü:b EdlRbTUsþ

za xnþivaTI³ dUecñH RtUvvayedayepþATaMgbnøaehIy kat´éd nig eCIg

ehIy cMeBaHRBHeTvIrbs´RBHGg< naMykmkehIy deNþImyknUv

ecalk*eday k*min:neZVIsUm|InUvehtuRtwmEtkareRkaZxwgeLIy .

GaNaextþ Gs´TI300 eyaCn¾ k*min:noBYkGamatüEdleRkak

karEdlxnþivaTItabs EdlCaZM cUlkan´pñÜsehIy Kb|I

eLIg edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karkarBar cab´Bal´sUm|InUvGavuZeLIy RtUvRBHraCaCasRtUv

mYyGenøIedayGamatümYyBan´

k*mineZVIsUm|IRtwmEtkarjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ

RTg´eZVIkar

Büayamrbs´bursehIy k*:nmanCIvitmkvij eRBaHGaRs&ynUv Eq,cckTaMgLayEdlmkkkayGacm¾dIsIunUvsasB RTg´cuHehIy kñúgbnÞb´d*mansirIrbs´xøÜn

edayGanuPaBénykS

EdledkehIyelIdMeNkd*mansirI

eXIjnUvsRtUv

mineZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgesaH

eZVInUvkars|zEs|KñaeTAvijeTAmk k*:nEtgtaMgnUvsRtUvenaH kñúg tMENgdUcCamiRt ehIyRtas´za ;

bursCabNÐit RtUvEtbu¨nb¨gomutmaM minRtUven]y NayeLIy

eyIgeXIjnUvxøÜneyIgRsab´ehIy

eyIgR:zña y¨agNa k*:ny¨agenaH

‘xnþivaTiCatk’ 1- suÇ xuÇ CaÇ PaKTI 58 TMB&rTI 23 .

‘1’

.

‘cULZmμ:lCatk’

CIknUvEpndI

RbmaNRtwm-k ehIykb´ecal kñúgéRBsμsan CaTIecalnUvexμac Rss´eT[t

eZVI:ny¨agenH nu@H minCakarGs©arüNas´NaeT .

Gm|aly¨agkñúgcULZmμ:lCatk Zmμ:lkumareBaZistV sUm|ICaGñkenAedkpáar kalRBHmataRTg´RBHBilab y¨agenHza ;

bBiRtRBHsmμtieTB

edImédTaMgLay

Edllab

ln´ehIy edayrsénxøwmcnÞn¾ énZmμ:l GñkCa TayaT EpndIdac´ CIvit rbs´xM\úm©as´k*nwgrlt´eTA r

dUecñH RtUvRBHraCaRBHnammhabtab;Cabita Rtas´bJ¢a oeKkat´ éd nig eCIgTaMg 4 dUcCakg´énb\sSIbu¨NÑwgehIy k*enAEtminlμm RBHT&y RTg´Rtas´bg<ab´ ‘eT[t’ za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaykat´nUvk|al rbs´va³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´das´et]nxøÜnza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH enHKWCa kalCaTIpÞj´pÞal´nUvcitþrbs´GñkolÁehIy

mñalZmμ:ld*cMerIn

«LÚvenH GñkcUrCaGñkmancitþesμI cMeBaHbuK<lTaMg 4 nak´enH KW cMeBaHRBHbitaGñkbg<ab´okat´k|al 1 cMeBaHbursGñkkat´k|al1 cMeBaHRBHmata

EdlkMBugEtRTg´xSwkxSÜl 1 cMeBaHxøÜn 1 ³ dUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

167

ehIy RTg´GZidðannUvTL$smaTan‘KWkareZVIcitþesμIorwgmaM’ min:n RTg´eZVIsUm|IRtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsra¨yeLIy . Zmμ:lkumarCamnusSRtLaMg :neZVIehIyy¨agenH eday ehtuNa

ehtunu@H BMuTan´Gs©arüenAeLIyeT .

bu¨nGm|aly¨ag ‘kñúgqTÞnþCatk’ RBHeBaZistVsUm|ICastV tircäan KWCadMrIeQμaHqTÞnþ sUm|IRtUvkUnsrEdlRtaMeehIy eday zñaMBis mutehIy Rtg´p©it k*minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHRBanGñk eZVInUvesckþIvinas smdUcCaRBHGdðkzacarü eBalTukehIy za ;

RtUvRBanéRB:j´ehIy

RBhμviharnieTÞs

sVaenH CaGahar rbs´BYkmnusS dUcCaBYkRmwK déT kñúgéRBEdr ebIdUecñaH GatμaGj XøanehIy Kb|Ismøab´nUvsVaenHsIu GjsIuEqÁtehIy nwgyk nUvsac´Caes|{g

‘qTÞnþCatk’

dMrId*RbesIr

168

edaysrd*

ezøas minmancitþRbTUsþ:nniyaynwgRBanéRBza EnsMLaj´ GñkRtUvkarGVI etIeRBaHehtuGVI:nCaGñk smøab´eyIg müa¨geT[t karRbkbenHrbs´GñkNa dUecñH luHeBaly¨agenHrYcehIy RBanR:b´za ²x\úM CaGñkEdlRBH mehsI énesþckñúgEdnkasI RTg´Rtas´bJ¢Únmk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

ehIynwgedIreTA

nwgqøgnUvpøÚv

qáay es|{grbs´Gjk*manRsab´ dUecñHehIy k*elIkdMuzμehIyTMlayk|al kalRkeLkemIl nUv bursenaH manEPñkTaMgLay eBjehIyedayTwkEPñk eBalza ;

bBiRtelakd*cMerIn elakCaelakm©as´énx\úM eQμaH za elakkMueZVIeLIynUvGMeBIR:kddUcenH KYrCaGñk manGayuEvgKYredIm|IhamXat´nUvCnTaMgLaydéT dUecñHehIy minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ kñúgbursenaH minKitnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´xøÜnesaH

ehIyjúaMgbursenaHÉg

o:ndl´ehIy

nUvPUmi

EdlmanesckþIekSmkSanþ .

‘PUriTtþCatk’

dl´PøúkTaMgLayrbs´Gñk³ dUecñH kaljúaMgmenarz énRBanenaH

‘kñúgPUriTtþCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CanaKraC eQμaHza PUriTtþ

oeBj :noRBankat´PøúkTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn d*PøWepøkdUcCamas

kalGZidðan nUvGg<énóe:szsIlehIy k*edkenAelIk|aldMbUk

Edlruger]gRBmehIyqøúHrsμImanBN( 6 .

kalebIsrIr;TaMgmUl TukCaRtUvRBanRBYsedayOsz

‘mhakbiCatk’ ‘kñúgmhakbiCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CasVad*ZM RtUvbursEdl elIkeLIgehIy GMBIeRCaHPñM edayxøÜnÉg Kity¨agenH za ;

edayePøIgEdltaMgenAGs´kb|

dak´cuHkñúgkMeR:gehIy

R:kdesμI oelg

kñúgsklCm¬ÚTVIb k*min:neZVIehIysUm|IRtwmEtkiriyajúaMgcitþ o RbTUsþ kñúgRBanéRBenaHeLIy smdUcCaelakeBalTuk za ;


visuTÆimK< ERb

x\úMkalGalm¬ay

RckkñúgkMeR:gkþI

169

kaljaMjI

edayEkgeCIgkþI k*mineRkaZxwgEdr eRBaHP&yxøac GMBIkiriyadac´énsIl rbs´eyIg .

CanaKraCeQμaHza

RBhμviharnieTÞs sUm|IkñúgRKaEdlRBHeBaZistV ekItCasg¡:lnaKraC RtUv

kUnRBanéRB 16 nak´ ecaHRskITaMgLay 8 kEnøg edaylMEBg TaMgLayd*mut ehIyrujvløiEdlmanbnøacUleTAtammuxrbYsTaMg Lay RckExSEdlmaM tamRcmuH ehIyEsgGUs edaysERgk

‘cem|yüCatk’ sUm|IRKakalRBHeBaZistV

170

cem|yü;

RtUvhμBs´eb[teb[n k*min:njúaMgsUm|IRtwmEtesckþIRbTUsþéncitþ oekIteLIgEdr smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

hμBs´ cab´nUvGjCaGñkRbRBwtþnUvZm( caMóe:sz ‘naMeTAo’elg eT[bTVarRBHraCvaMg k*kñúgkalenaH hμBs´enaH KitnUvBN(Na KW BN(ex[vkþI B(N el]gkþI BN(RkhmkþI x\úMkalRbRBwtþtamcitþ énhμ Bs´enaH CaGñkeQVgyl´nUvehtuEdlhμBs´enaH KitehIy x\úMKb|IeZVITIeKakoeTACaTITwkk*:n Kb|I eZVITITwkoeTACaTIeKakk*:n RbsinebIx\úMKb|IeRkaZ xwg cMeBaHhμBs´enaH k*x\úMKb|IeZVIhμBs´enaH oeTA CaepH Pøam>k*:n RbsinebIx\úMnwgCaGñkRbRBwtþeTA

manxøÜnb¨HTg<icRtg´épÞénZrNI TTYlnUvesckþITuk¡d*ZMEZg xwgehIy sUm|ICaGñkGac edIm|IeZVInUvkUnRBanéRBTaMgGs´oeTACaepH eday RKan´EtRkeLkemIlbu¨eNÑaH eZμcEPñkehIy min:neZVIehIysUm|I RtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsþ .

smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

bBiRtGLar; x\úMrkSaóe:sz kñúgézáTI14 nig ézá TI 15 Canic© RKaenaH BYkePaCbuRt 16 nak´ kan´nUvExS nig GnÞak´d*maM edIrmk RBanTaMgLay TMlay ‘srIr;’ ykExSxøúsRcmuHehIy EsgnaM ykx\úMeTA x\úMjúaMgóe:sz minokeRmIk xMGt´RTaM nUvesckþITuk¡TaMgenaH . k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´:neZVInUvKuNKYrGs©arü manRbkardUc eBalmkbu¨eNÑH enABMuTan´Gs´eCIgeT RTg´:neZVInUvKuNTaMgLay

kñúgGMNacéncitþ xúM\nwgsabsUnüehIy caksIl

déTeT[t

kalebIx\úMsabsUnücaksIlehIy RbeyaCn¾ d*

e:skCatkCaedImç GMeBIeQμaHza karjúaMgbdiXcitþ oekIteLIg

ótþm nwgminseRmceLIy .

CakarminKYr KW mansPaBminsmKYréRkeBk dl´GñkenaH Edl

‘sg¡:lCatk’

EdlKYroGs©arüCaeRcIn

kñúgCatiTaMgLay

manmatu-

eBalGagnUvRBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH Edlkñúgkal«LÚvenH RTg´ seRmcehIy nUvsBVJ¦útþJ¦aN manxnþICaKuN CaRBHsasþa min


visuTÆimK< ERb manbuK<lNamYy

171

kñúgelakRBmTaMgeTvelakeRb[besμI:neLIy

172

RBhμviharnieTÞs

s®g<amRbek[kKñaTaMgBIrxag sÞúHeTAkñúgsmuRT tamnava nig eZVInUv kargardéTeT[t

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘TUnμanxøÜnn&yTI6 BicarNarkarTak´TgkñúgvdþsgSar’

EdleZVI:nedaylM:k

RbmUlnUvRTBü

eday

ó:yTaMgLayenaH> edayKitza ²GjnwgciJ©wmnUvkUntUc³ dUecñH

‘182’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH sUm|IBicarNa nUv

ehIyciJ©wmnUvGatμaGjç bursenH CabgbÁÚnRbus RsIenH Cabg

RBHKuN KWkiriyaRbRBwtþikñúgxagedIm rbs´RBHsasþa dUcEdl:n

bÁÚnRsI bursenHCakUnRbus nig RsIenHCakUnRsI ‘rbs´GatμaGj’

eBalmky¨agenHç

rbs´RBHeyaKIGñkdl´nUv

k*za:n TaMg:neZVIehIy nUvóbkar;enHpgenaHpg dl´GatμaGj

PaBCax\úMénkielsTaMgLay Gs´raRtIkald*EvgenaH enAEtminTan´

eRBaHehtuenaH karEdlGatμaGj júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHbuK<l

sáb´rmáab´eT[t

TaMgLayenaH minsmKYresaHeLIy³ dUecñH .

esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|IBicarNa

nUvPaB

énsgSar minmanTIbMput . EmnBit kñúgGnmtK<sURtenaH RBHman

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI7 BicarNaGanisgSénemtþa’ ‘183’ k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH enAEtminGac edIm|IrMlt´

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´enH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay stVNa minZøab´ekItCamata stVNa minZøab´ekItCabita stVNa minZøab´

nUvcitþ

ekItCabgbÁÚnRbus stVNa minZøab´ekItCabgbÁÚnRsI stVNa min

GanisgSénemtþa y¨agenHza ²mñalbBVCitd*cMerIn ERkgRBHd*man

Zøab´ekItCakUnRbus stVNaminZøab´ekItCakUnRsI stVenaH eKmin

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za; mñalPikú¡TaMgLay emtþaecetavimutíþ Edl

gayrk:n ‘1’ ³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IjúaMgcitþ oekIt

buK<l:nesB Gb´rM eZVIoeRcIn eZVIodUcCayan eZVIodUcCaTItaMg

eLIg kñúgbuK<lenaH za ²:n»za kñúgkalEdlknøgmkehIy ®sþI

tm,l´maM snSMedaym¨t´ct´ R:rBÆlÁehIy nwgmanGanisgS 11

enH Camatarbs´Gj kalrkSanUvépÞ Gs´ 10 Ex k*minex¬ImeqÁIm

CaR:kd GanisgS 11 etIdUcemþcxøH KW emtþaviharibuK<l rEmg

naMecjmknUvvtæúminsÁatTaMgLaymanmURt krIs Twkmat´ nig Twk

edklk´RsYl 1 P\ak´eLIgk*RsYl 1 minyl´sbþGaRkk´ 1 CaTI

sem|arCaedIm

epþkenAelIRTUg

RsLaj´énmnusSTaMgLay1 CaTIRsLaj´énGmnusSTaMgLay1

Bedayceg,H ciJ©wmehIyç ‘bursenH’ Cabita rbs´Gj kaleTA

BYkeTvtaEtgrkSa 1 ePøIgkþIzñaMBiskþIs®sþavuZkþI rEmgminb¨HBal´1

kan´pøÚvlM:kTaMgLay manpøÚvBEB nig pøÚvkegVrCaedIm RbkbnUv

buK<lenaHtm,l´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s1 mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´1

karCYj lHbg´TaMgCIvit edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gj ehIycUleTAkñúg

minvegVgeZVImrNkal 1 kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT

1- suÇ sMÇ niÇ

dUcCaeKnaMecjnUvxøwmcnÞn¾Rkhm

PaKTI 32 TMB&rTI 101 .

y¨agdUecñH:neT

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenH

Kb|IBicarNa

Kg´:neTAekItenAÉRBhμelak 1 ³ dUecñH zaebIGñkminrMlt´nUvcitþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

173

174

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘TUnμanxøÜncugeRkay eZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan’

enHeT GñknwgenAxageRkAGMBIGanisSTaMgenH .

‘185’ EtebIRBHeyaKIenH minGac edIm|IeZVIkarbMEbkZatu

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI8 eRbIviZIbMEbkZatu’ y¨ag

‘y¨agenH’ :neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan . RBHeyaKI Kb|Io

enH:neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjkZatuç etIRtUveZVIdUcemþc/ KWRtUvTUnμan

vtæúEdlCarbs´xøÜn dl´GñkdéT . Kb|ITTYlyk nUvvtæúrbs´Gñk

xøÜn

cuHGñkkalxwgcMeBaH

déTmk edIm|IxøÜn . k*RbsinebIGñkdéT CaGñkmanGaCIBepSgKña

buK<lenH Gñkxwgdl´GñkNa Gñkxwgdl´sk´TaMgLayß ßzadl´

manbrik¡arminlμmeRbIR:s´ RBHeyaKIRtUvoEtvtæúCarbs´xøÜnvij .

eramTaMgLay RkckTaMgLay .l. Gñkxwgdl´TwkmURtß ßBuM

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH esckþIKMnMu cMeBaHbuK<lenaH rEmg

enaHesat Gñkxwgdl´bfvIZatu kñúgGakarTaMgLaymansk´CaedIm

sáb´rmáab´ edaycMENkmYyEmnBit . cMENkesckþIeRkaZ rbs´

ß Gñkxwgdl´Gae:Zatu eteCaZatu vaeyaZatuß/ müa¨gvijeT[t

RBHeyaKIeRkAenH

elakd*manGayuenH eKehAza maneQμaHy¨agenH eRBaHGaRs&y

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´:n kñúgxN;enaHPøamEdr dUcCaesckþIeRkaZrbs´

nUvxnÆ 5 TaMgLayNa eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGaytn; 12 TaMgLay

RBHmhaezr;Gñk:n:RtehIy EdlRBHezr; GñkRbRBwtþbiNÐ:t

Na eRBaHGaRs&ynUvZatu 16 TaMgLayNaç kñúgbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH

Cavtþ Gñkmanesnasn;enArYcehIy Gs´va;3 dg kñúgvtþeQμaH

etIGñkxwgdl´rUbk¡nÆß ßza Gñkxwgdl´evTnaxnÆÇÇÇsJ¦axnÆÇÇÇsg¡ar

citþlbB(t

k¡nÆÇÇÇnig viJ¦aNk¡nÆç müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ck¡%aytn;ß ßza Gñk

edaytémø 8 khabN; Edló:sikaCamatarbs´x\úMRbeKnehIy

xwgdl´rU:ytn;/

Gñkxwgdl´mnaytn; ß Gñkxwgdl´

CalaPRbkbedayZm( sUmRBHetCHRBHKuNeZVInUvbuJ¦laP dl´

müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡Zatu ß Gñkxwgdl´rUbZatu

mhaó:sikapgcuH³ dUecñH RbeKnehIy sáb´rmáab´y¨agenaHÉg .

Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡viJ¦aNZatu .l. Gñkxwgdl´menaZatu ß xwgdl´

BitEmnehIy ZmμtaTanenH manGanuPaBeRcIny¨agenHÉg smdUc

ZmμZatu ßk*Gñkxwgdl´menaviJ¦aNZatu/³ dUecñH . EmnBitehIy

elakeBalehIy za ;

‘184’

EtebIRBHeyaKI

edayviZIy¨agenHza

Zmμaytn;/ç

.l.

minGacedIm|IeZVIcitþorMlt´

²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvkarbMEbkZatu dUc:neBalmkenH TICaTI taMgenAs)b´énesckþIeRkaZ k*minman dUcCaTItaMgénRKab´és¬ elI EdkEdlRsYc minman nig dUcCaTItaMgénrUbKMnUrBÆd*Gakas min man y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sUm|ICab´tamehIy

eBalza

cab´taMgGMBIGtItCatimk

²bBiRtRBHetCHRBHKuN

:RtenH

TanCaeRK]gTUnμancitþEdlminTan´TUnμanehIy Tan CaeRK]gjúaMgRbeyaCn¾TaMgBYg osMerc:n Cn TaMgLay eRtkRtGalpg zñmcitþpg eRBaHkaro CamYynwgkareBalBaküCaTIRsLaj´ .

Rbkb


visuTÆimK< ERb

175

‘186’ kalRBHeyaKIenaH manesckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ cMeBaH

176

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nUvPikú¡TaMg 3 rUbeLIy³ dUecñHç

sImsemÖT eQμaHza CaEdn

buK<lEdlCasRtUv sáb´rmáab´ edayviZITUnμanxøÜn manRbkarepSg>

KWPikú¡enaH

dUc:nBN(namkenHehIy ‘emtþacitþ EdlRBHeyaKIoRbRBwtþeTA’

RBHeyaKI R:zña ‘oBYkecar’ cab´Pikú¡Na> k*eQμaHza CaGñkmin

kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk buK<lCasMLaj´ nig

EsVgrknUvRbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡enaH> eQμaHza CaGñkEsVgrkEt

buK<lCakNþalTaMgLay y¨agNa citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKI’ rEmg

RbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡déTeTAvij .

RbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacemtþa kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaH y¨agnu@HEdr .

mineXIjsUm|InUvPikú¡mYyrUb kñúgcenøaH énCnTaMg 4 nak´ EdlxøÜn

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit . eRBaHehtuGVI/

. eRBaHza

bu¨Enþ kñúgkalNa RBHeyaKI

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH kaljúaMgemtþaoRbRBwtþeTAer]y>

Kb|Iodl´BYkrecarç citþd*esμIEtmüa¨g rEmgRbRBwtþeTAkñúgxøÜnÉgpg

júaMgPaBéncitþd*esμI kñúgCnTaMg 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<l

kñúgCnTaMg 3 nak´enaHpgç kñúgkalenaH sImsemÖT eQμaHza Ca

CaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lEdlCasRtUv 1

EdnKWRBHeyaKIenaHeZIVehIy dUecñHÉg .

odl´RBm Kb|IeZVICasImsemÖT ‘karrYmEdncUlKña’ . enHKWCa

buraNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

lk¡N; énsImsemÖT ‘1’ enaH . zaebI kalebIbuK<lenH CamYynwgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lCasRtUvTaMgLay RtUvCa 4 nwgrUb xøÜnÉg Gg<úyehIy kñúgRbeTsmYy BYkecar :nmkehIy eBal za ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ sUmRBHKuNm©as´ onUvPikú¡mYyrUb dl´ BYkeyIgx\úM³ dUecñHç kalebIbuK<lenaH sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ dUecñH k*Kb|IeBalza ²edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karsmøab´Pikú¡enaH ykQam kñúgbMBg´-k ehIyeZVInUvBlikmμ³ .

k*kñúger]genaH Pikú¡n@uH Kb|I

Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yk nUvPikú¡ÉeNaH>³ dUecñHç sImsemÖT eQμaHza

CaEdnKWPikú¡enaH

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit

.

Rbsin

ebIRBHeyaKI Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yknUvGatμaGj cUrkMucab´yk 1- karpSayemtþacitþeTAesIμ kñúgEdnTaMg 4 enH ehAza sImsemÖT .

RBHeyaKINa

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCa

CaGñkmancitþCaRbeyaCn¾EmnBit

dl´stVTaMgLay rEmgeXIj nUvPaBepSg> kñúg buK<l 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lGñkR:zña RbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lCa GñkminR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgkalNaç kñúgkal enaH RBHeyaKIenaH KWbNÐitk*minehAza CaGñk qøat :nemtþatamEdlxøÜnR:zñaeTç kñúgkalNa sImaTaMg 4 KWPikú¡rYmcUlCamYyKñaehIy RBHeyaKI pSayemtþaesμIKña

eTAkan´stVelakTaMgBYg

RBm

TaMgeTvelakpg kñúgkalenaH RBHeyaKIGñkman sImaminR:kd eTIb:neQμaHza CaGñkviessZM

CagRBHeyaKavcrmun .


visuTÆimK< ERb

177

‘emtþaQan’

178

RBhμviharnieTÞs

edayGMNacénQan manbfmCÄanCaedImEtbu¨eNÑaH .

‘Ek:LIGb|mJ¦a’

‘187’ cMENkÉ nimitþkþI óbcarkþI eQμaHza KWPikú¡enH:n k*kalebI

k*kñúg:LInu@H bTza ²emtþashKetn³ esckþIza Rbkb

Pikú¡enH eZVIsImsemÖTehIy Pikú¡enaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

RBmehIyedayemtþa . bTza ²ectsa³ KWmancitþ . bTza ²ÉkM

nUvnimitþenaHÉg eQμaHza:nseRmcnUvGb|na tamn&yEdlelak

TisM³RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkarpSayeTA

eBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNÉeNaH edayminlM:keLIy .

kan´stVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy kñúgTismYy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

ehIy Gs´kald*esμI énsImsemÖT y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bfmCÄan RbkbRBmedayemtþa EdllHnUvGg< 5 Rbkb

stVEdlelakkMNt´ehIyCadMbUg kñúgTismYy . bTza ²pritVa³

edayGg< 5 manlMG 3 y¨ag bribUredaylk¡N; 10 CaQan

KWb¨HBal´ehIy :ndl´eZVIoCaGarmμN¾ . bTza ²vihrti³ man

EdlRBHeyaKIenaH

man

esckþIza júaMgkiriyaenAeday«riyabz EdlxøÜn:ntaMgTukehIy

RbmaNbu¨eNÑH . k*kalebIbfmCÄanenaH KWRBHeyaKI :nsMerc

kñúgZm(CaeRK]genAd*RbesIr oRbRBwtþeTA . bTza ²tza TutiyM³

ehIy RBHeyaKIenaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaHÉg

esckþIza RBHeyaKIenaH pSayeTAkan´TisNa> mYy kñúgTisTaMg

eQμaHza sMercnUvTutiyCÄan nig ttiyCÄan kñúgctuk,n&ypg nig

Lay manTisxagekItCaedIm ehIyenA y¨agNaç k*pSayeTAkan´

sMercnUvTutiyCÄan ttiyCÄan nig ctutæCÄan kñúgbJ©k,n&ypg

TisTI2 TisTI3 nig TisTI4 kñúglMdab´énTisTI 1 enaH k*y¨ag

tamlMdab´ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH eQμaHza mancitþRbkbeday

enaHEdr . Baküza ²«ti óTÆM³ éxesckþIza nig edayn&ydUcKñanu@H

emtþa edayGMNacénQanÉNamYy bNþaQanTaMgLay man

Ég kñúgTisxagelI . BIrbTza ²GeZa tiriyM³ KWsUm|IkñúgTisxag

bfmCÄanCaedIm pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 ehIyenAç

eRkam sUm|IkñúgTisTTwg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*kúñgbTTaMg 2 enaH

TisTI2

dUcKña

:nseRmcehIy

TisTI3

dUcKña

edayPavnanueyaK

TisTI4

k*dUcKña

pSayeTAkan´ TisxagelI

TisxageRkam TTwg k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdrç RBHeyaKIenaH mancitþ

bTza ²GeZa³ KWTisxageRkamç

bTza ²tiriyM³ :ndl´TistUc

TaMgLay .

Rbkbedayemtþa d*TUlay d*x¬g´x¬s´ minmanRmaN minmaneB[r

edayn&yenHÉg RBHeyaKI eQμaHzajúaMgcitþ EdlRbkb

minmanBüa:T pSayeTAkan´elakEdlmanstVRKb´GenøI kñúgTis

edayemtþa osÞúHel]neTApg osÞúHel]nRtLb´mkvijpg kñúg

TaMgBYg eRBaHPaBéncitþTaMgGs´ ehIyenA . k*Gb|naCaeRK]geZVI

TisTaMgBYgTaMgLay dUcnaysarzI júaMgesHosÞúHel]neTAmk

oEbøkenH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþ:ndl´ nUvGb|na

kñúgmNÐlCaTIelgesH y¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

179

180

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘GtæénvikuBVna’

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvkarpSayemtþa edaycMeBaH eRBaHkMNt´nUvTismYy nig TismYy

edaybT:LI manRbmaN

bu¨eNÑH . cMENkbT:LICaedImza ²sBVZi³

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´

ehIy edIm|IsMEdg edaymincMeBaH .

k*kñúgbTza ²vibueln³ enH bNÐitKb|IeXIjPaB énemtþa shKtcitþCacitþTUlay edayGMNacénkarpSay . k*mYyeT[t citþenaH Cacitþd*ZM edayGMNacénPUmi . CacitþminmanRbmaN

kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²sBVZi³ KWkñúgTisTaMgBYg .

bTza

edayGMNacénesckþIsÞat´pg edayGMNacénRBHeyaKI manstV

²sBVtþtay³ esckþIza eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkmanxøÜn kñúg

CaGarmμN¾manRbmaNmin:npg . eQμaHza CacitþminmaneB[r

stVTaMgBYgTaMgLay manRbePTepSg> GMBIKña dUcCastVzñak´Tab

eRBaHlHbg´nUvsRtUv KWBüa:T:n .

zñak´kNþal zñak´x¬g´x¬s´ EdlCamiRt CasRtUv nig CakNþal

eRBaHlHbg´nUveTamnsS .

eQμaHza CacitþminBüa:T

manGZib|ayza ²minmanTuk¡³ .

GZib|ayza bTza ²GyM brsetþa³ KW eRBaHPav; én

enHCaesckþIénvikuBVna EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanxøÜnesμI eRBaHmineZVInUvkarEvkEjk . n&y

edayn&yza ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . k*ÉvikuBVna

mYyeT[t bTza ²sBVtþtay³ esckþIzaedayPaBéncitþTaMgGs´.

‘kareZVIoCak´c|as´’ enH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþdl´

GZib|ayza ²min:nbJÚ¢ncitþeTABÆd*xageRkAsUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc³ .

ehIynUvGb|naEtbu¨eNÑaH y¨agNamij RBHsarIbutþetær eBalnUv

bTza ²sBVavnþM³ esckþIza EdlmanstVsBVRKb´ KWEdlRbkb

KuNCatCaeRK]geZVIoEbøkÉNa kñúgbdismÖiTahñwgÉg za ²emtþa-

CaedIm .

edaystVRKb´GenøI . cMENkBaküza

bTza ²elakM³ KWstVelakTaMgGs´ .

ecetavimutþi ‘KuNCatCaeRK]grYccakbdiX;edaycitþKWemtþa’ pSay

²Rbkbedayemtþa³

edayminmancMENk edayGakar 5 emtþaecetavimutþi pSayeday

:nCaRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSayedaymincMeBaHnu@H eRBaHsMEdgnUv

mancMENk

briyaymanBaküza ²vibueln d*TUlay³ y¨agenHCaedIm . müa¨g

edayGakar 10 ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

vijeT[t

tza s&BÞkþI «ti s&BÞkþI

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´

ehIy mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSaymincMeBaHnu@H dUcCakñúgkarpSaycMeBaH

edayGakar

oEbøkenaHza

edayGMNacénBaküCaeRK]gRtas´Ezm .

²rEmgsMerc

emtþaecetavimutþi

pSayeTAkan´Tis

bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCatCaeRK]geZVI dl´RBHeyaKI

Gñkmancitþdl´ehIy

nUvGb|na Etbu¨eNÑaHÉg³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GenaZiesaprNa 5’

eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t za ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ . mYyeT[t RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´BaküenH

7

k*bNþavimutþiTaMgBIrenaH 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

bNÐit Kb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

181

mankarpSayedaymincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘6’ mnusSTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

‘7’

stVZøak´kñúgG:yTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘TisaprNa 10’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIykñúg GtþPaB cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþI

manpSayeTAkan´Tis

edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

sux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglic cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘OZiesaprNa 7’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

manpSayedaycMeBaH

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘3’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageCIg cUrkMuomaneB[r

edayGakar;TaMgLay 7 enH KW cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘2’ bursTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagt|Úg cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘3’

‘5’ eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘4’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

®sþITaMgLayTaMgBYg

eB[r kMumanBüa:TkMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH.

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘1’

RBhμviharnieTÞs

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMuman

‘3’

182

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisGaeKñy¾ cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuman

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ buK<lminEmnCaRBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgcUrkMuoman

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘6’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisBay&Bü cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .


visuTÆimK< ERb

183

‘7’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTis¤san cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘8’

stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg

kñúgTisnirtI

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘9’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageRkam cUrkMuoman eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH . ‘10’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagelI cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

184

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mknUvs&BÞminoesssl´ . buK<lGñkCab´ehIy KW CMBak´ehIy edayq&ÞnraK; kñúgxnÆTaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHza stV . sm dUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalraZ; esckþIeBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa

esckþIrIkrayNa

esckþIR:zñaNa

buK<lEdlCab´enA

kñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

kñúgrUb

CMBak´enA

kñúg

esckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH ehtuenaH elakehAza stVç esckþI eBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa esckþIrIkrayNa esckþIR:zña Na kñúgevTnaÇÇÇkñúgsJ¦aÇÇÇkñúgsg¡arÇÇÇkñúgviJ¦aN buK<lEdlCab´ enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

CMBak´enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCa

buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇBYkstVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlGtþPaBTaMg

edImenaH eRBaHehtuenaH elakehAza stV ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . Eteday

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagekItÇÇÇ BYk®sIþTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇburs

s&BÞEdleRbIedayedrdas evaharza ‘stV’ enH RbRBwtþeTA kñúg

TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanraK;eTAR:sehIypgEdr

RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

Griy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

BYkminEmnRBH

eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

mnusSTaMg

.

dUcevahar

za pøitsøwketñat RbRBwtþeTAkñúgpøitd*viess EdlsMercGMBIbenÞaH

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ BYkvini:tik;TaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuoman

énb\sSI dUecñaH .

eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH .

BicarNanUvesckþI k*RtUvkar za ²BaküzastVenH RKan´EtCaeQμaH

stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg

.l.

®sþITaMgLayTaMg

BYg .l. vini:tik;TaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglicÇÇ kñúgTis

cMENkxag GñkKitKUrGMBIGk¡r;TaMgLay min

bu¨eNÑaH³ . cMENkÉGacarüBYkNaR:zñanUvesckþI GacarüBYkenaH R:zñaesckþIza ²eQμaHza stV eRBaHRbkbedaykarCab´CMBak´³ .

xageCIgÇÇÇkñúgTisxagt|ÚgÇÇkñúgTisGaeKñy¾ÇÇÇkñúgTisxaglicÇÇÇkñúg

stVTaMgLay eQμaHzamanCIvit eRBaHPav;énstVmanxül´

TisxageCIgÇÇÇ kñúgTisnirtIÇÇÇ kñúgTisxageRkamÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagelI

degIØm GZib|ayza eRBaHkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTACab´mindac´kñúgxül´degIØm

cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUr

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl .

rkSanUvxøÜncuH ³ . kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²seBV³ enaH CaBaküsMrab´RbmUl

eQμaHza BYkPUt eRBaHPav;énstVTaMgenaHCastVekItehIy 1- suÇ sMÇ xÇ

PaKTI 34 TMB&rTI 73 .


visuTÆimK< ERb GZib|ayza

eRBaHPav;énstVenaH

185

ekItRBmehIy

KWekItZMZat´

eLIgehIy . niiry;

186

RBhμviharnieTÞs

TaMgLaymanBaküza ²stþa :Na³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHRtwmEt Baküpøas´bþÚrEtbu¨eNÑaHç ebItamBiteTA cg´:nnUvBaküepSg> Et

elakehAza

buM

BYkstVNa

elbcUleTA

kñúg

müa¨g tamesckþIGZib|aypgEdrç mtirbs´GacarüTaMgenaH bNÐit

niry;EdlehAza bMu enaH eRBaHehtuenaH BYkstVenaH eQμaHza

eBalza ²pSayeTA edaymincMeBaH³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

buK<lç GZib|ayza BYkstVenaH EtgeTA .

minKYrkan´yknUvesckþI edayRbkardUecñaH Kb|IpSayemtþa eday

ragkay elakehAza GtþPaB ßza xnÆTaMg 5 hñwgÉg elakehAzaGtþPaBç Baküza GtþPaBenH KWRKan´EtCaBakübJ¦tiþ eRBaHsMedAykxnÆR:MenaH tamsPav;ç stVTaMgLayEdlelak

mincMeBaH edayGMNacénGakar;NamYy kñúgGakar;TaMg 5 enH .

‘Gb|na 528’ k*kñúgbTmatikaTaMgn@uH matikaenH za ²seBV stþa Gevra

stVTaMgLay

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . matikaenH za ²GBüabCÄa

enaH eTIbeQμaHza GtþPavbriyabnñaç GZib|ayza ²sPav;TaMg

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . Baküaza ²GBüabCÄa³

LayEdlelakkMNt´ehIy

esckþIza EdlR:scakesckþIBüa:T . matikaenHza ²GnIXa

rab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kñúgGtþPaBenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

eQμaHza

KWelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 .

KWCab´cUlehIy BÆd*xagkñúg³ dUecñH .

bTza ²GnIXa³ KW min

k*Baküza ²BYkstV³ dUecñH y¨agNa sUm|IBaküd*ess

manTuk¡ . matikaza ²suxI GtþanM brihrnþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza Ca

TaMgLay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç BaküTaMgGs´enHhñwgÉg bNÐitKb|I

Gb|na 1 . eRBaHehtuenaH bNþabTTaMgenH bTNa> CabT

RCabza ²CaBaküpøas´bÚþr énstVTaMgGs´ eRBaHelIkeLIg eday

R:kd RBHeyaKIKb|IpSayemtþa edayGMNacénbTenaH> cuH . edayn&ydUcer[brab´mkenH Gb|na kñúgkarpSay eday

GMNacéns&BÞEdleRbIjwkjy³ . sUm|IBaküTaMgLaydéTza ²seBV CnþÚ seBV CIva³ dUecñH

mincMeBaH man 20 edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;

CaedIm CaBaküpøas´bÚþrénstVTaMgGs´EtgmaneT[tk*BitEmnehIy

TaMgLay 5 . cMENk kñúgkarpSayedaycMeBaH manGb|na 28

ebITukCadUecñaHk*eday RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²emtþa ecetavimutþi

edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;TaMgLay 7 .

mankiriyapSayeTA

edaymincMeBaH

edayGakar;TaMgLay

eRBaHkan´yknUvGakar;TaMg 5 enHÉg edayGMNacén‘Gakar;TaMg 5 enaH’ CaBaküR:kd .

ebIBYkGacarüNa minRtUvkardl´Bakü

k*kñúgGakar;TaMg 7 enaH bTza ²BYk®sþI BYkburs³ RBH manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénlig<ç bTza ²BYkRBH Griy; BYkminEmnRBHGriy;³ RTg´Rtas´edayGMNacénRBHGriy;


visuTÆimK< ERb

187

188

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nig buzuC¢nç bTza ²BYkeTvta BYkmnusS BYkvini:tik;³ RTg´

záÚr Bt´ ‘xøÜn’ bRmHnen[leTAmkCaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk

Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkMeNItekItÉg .

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþi minP\ak´eLIg y¨agdUecñaHeT rEmgP\ak´eLIg Ca

cMENkkñúgkarpSayeTAkan´Tis Gb|na mandl´eTA 480 KW 200 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 20 > kñúgTismYynigmYy

sux KWminmanGakar;xusEbøk dUcp,aQUkEdlkMBugEtrIk dUecñaH . bTza ²minsubinGaRkk´³ esckþIza buK<lGñkcMerInemtþa-

edayGMNacénn&ymann&yza ²seBV burtæimay Tisay stþa³

ecetavimutþienaH

dUecñHCaedIm KW 280 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 28 > kñúgTis

Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH hak´dUcCakMBugzVaybg<MRBHectiy dUcCakMBugeZVI

mYy nig mYy edayn&ymann&yza ²sBVa burtæimay Tisay

karbUCa nig dUcCakMBugsþab´RBHZm( . cMENkxag BYkbuK<ldéT

«tæieya³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eXIjnUvxøÜn

ebIrYbrYmeTA

Gb|naTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

RtUvCaGb|na

528

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa dUecñHÉg .

‘EkGtæemtþanisgS’ RBHeyaKavcrenH énGb|naNamYy

luHcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi

kñúgcMeNamGb|naTaMgenH

edayGMNac

dUc:nBN(namk

sUm|Iyl´subin

k*rEmgyl´eXIjsubinEdllÁ

hak´bIdUcCaRtUvBYkecarB&TÆcab´pg

hak´bIdUcCaRtUv

BYkRmwKsahavcUleTARbTUsþpg nig hak´bIdUcCakMBugZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHpg y¨agNamijç buK<lGñkcMerInnUvemtþaecetavimutþi min subinGaRkk´ y¨agdUecñaHeT . bTza

²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkmnusS³

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

esckþIza

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

buK<lGñk

KWCaTIeBjcitþ

én

ehIyenH rEmg:nnUvGanisgS 11 y¨ag EdlRBHmanRBHPaK

mnusSTaMgLay hak´bIdUcCaEkvmukþasMrab´Bak´Rtg´RTUg nig hak´

RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²GñkcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi rEmgedk

bIdUcCap,akRmgsMrab´Rbdab´BÆd*k|al y¨agdUecñaH . bTza ²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkGmnusS³ esckþIza buK<lGñk

lk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgGanisgS 11 y¨agenaH bTza ²rEmgedklk´RsYl³ manesckþIza

CnTaMgLayd*ess

rEmgedklk´

bRmHnen[l

Rsmuk CaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk:nemtþaecetavimutþi minedk lk´ y¨agenaHeT rEmgedklk´RsYl sUm|IcUldl´karlg´lk´ ehIy k*hak´bIdUcCacUlsmabtþiGIcwg . bTza ²P\ak´eLIgCasux³ esckþIza BYkCndéT P\ak´eLIg

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

énmnusSTaMgLay

y¨agNamijç k*rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr eRb[bdUcCaRBHezr; eQμaH visax; .

‘er]gRBHvisaxetær’ :n»mkza RBHezr; eQμaHvisax;enaH :nCakudum¬Ik¾ enA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH

kalenA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt


visuTÆimK< ERb

189

190

RBhμviharnieTÞs

enaHÉg :ndwgBt(manza ²»mkza tm¬bNÑTVIb RtUveKtak´Etg

visaxPikú¡enaH manvsSaRKb´ 5 ehIy eZVImatika 2 osÞat´ luH

ehIy edaykRmgp,akñúgectiy d*ruger]g edaysMBt´kasav; Gñk

bvrNaehIy k*er[nnUvkmμdðanCaTIsb|aydl´xøÜn eZVIExTaMgLay

Nak*eday GacedIm|IGg<úykþI edkkþI kúñgTIenaH CaTIEdlxøÜnRtUvkar

bYn kñúgvtþmYy> oCabYn> Ex enAbMeBjvtþRbtibtþi y¨agesμI .

ehIy> hñwgÉg esckþIsb|ayRKb´y¨ag KW ótusb|ay esnasnsb|ay buK<lsb|ay ZmμsSvnsb|ay KWeKrk:neday RsYl kñúgTIenaH .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH RbKl´KMnrePaK;rbs´xøÜn odl´

buRt nig Priya manEtmYykhabN;bu¨eNÑaHÉg EdlxøÜnevcRtg´ CaysMBt´ cakecjGMBIpÞH rgcaMnava Rtg´eqñrénsmuRT enAehIy Gs´mYyEx . KYroesáIcEmn eRBaHKat´CaGñkqøatkñúgevahar Kat´ TijPNÐ; Ek|rTVarenH ykeTAlk´Ek|rTVarÉenaH eTIbsEnSsnSM nUvRTBü:nmYyBan´khabN;

edayrvagmYyEx

Edlrg´caMnava

enaHÉg edaykarCYjERbEdlRbkbedayZm( . Kat´k*:nmkdl´ mhavihar edaylMdab´ehIyk*:nsUmpñÜs . Kat´RtUvBYkPikú¡naM ykeTAkan´sIma edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karsagpñÜs :nTmøak´nUvzg´ R:k´mYyBan´khabN;enaH Rtg´TIkEnøgtamcenøaHRkvileLvç luH dl´BYkPikú¡sYrza ²mYyenHKWCaGVI/³ k*eqøIyTUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

luHdl´RBHezr;eQμaHvisax;

kalRbRBwtþy¨agenH

fitenA Rtg´cenøaHénéRB EsVgrknUvKuN rbs´xøÜn kalbnøW

k*:neBalesckþIenHza

GatμaGjóbsm|nñehIy

²drabtaMgEt

drabtaMgEtGatμaGj

mkehIykñúgTIenH esckþIPøaMgPøat´ kñúgcenøaH kñúg éRBenH minmaneT mñalGñkniT(uk¡TaMgLay man laPTaMgLayGVIemø¨HeT³ . RBHezr;enaH kaleTAkan´vtþeQμaHcitþlbB(t :neTAdl´pøÚvEbk Ca 2 ehIy QrKitza ²pøÚvenHßhñ@ ßk*pøÚvenH³ . RKaenaH eTvta EdlGaRs&yenAelIPñMrbs´elak k*laédcgÁúlR:b´za ²pøÚvnu@H³ . RBHezr;enaH enAelIcitþlbB(t Gs´ 4 Ex Kitza ²GatμaGjnwg eTA kñúgeBleT[bPøW³ ehIyk*siglk´eTA . eTvtaEdlGaRs&y

m©as´d*cMerIn KWkhabN;mYyBan´³ RtUvBYkPikú¡R:b´za ²Enó:sk

enAelIedImc&nÞn¾eTs elIk|alénTIc®g,m Gg<úyxSwkxSÜlehIyelI

cab´edImGMBIkalEdlGñkbYsehIy

edIm|Icayvay

kaMCeNþIr . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkNan@uH/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRt

va:neT «LÚvenHÉg cUrGñkcayvayvacuH³ dUecñHehIy k*Rbkas

RBHKuNm©as´ x\úMeQμaHmNily;³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkyMedIm|I

za

rbs´ó:sk

GñkN/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²eRBaHGaRs&ykarnimnþeTAénRBHKuN

eQμaHvisax;ehIy kMumanédTeT eTAvijeLIy³ dUecñHehIy k*:n

m©as´³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²kalGatμaenAkñúgTIenH etImanKuNdUc

Rsayerayray eT[beragsIma bYsehIy:nóbsm|TaehIy .

emþc dl´Gñk/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ kalebIRBH

GñkminGac

²mnusSTaMgLayEdlmkkan´TIkEnøgsagpñÜs


visuTÆimK< ERb

191

192

RBhμviharnieTÞs

KuNm©as´enAkñúgTIenH BYkmnusS Etg:nnUvemtþadl´KñanwgKñaç kñúg

GZib|ayza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI júaMgkay rbs´

kal«LÚvenH BYkmnusSTaMgenaH kalebIRBHKuNm©as´ nimnþeTA

GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH

ehIy nwgeZVInUvCMelaH nwgeBalnUvBaküEdlGaRkk´³ . RBHezr;

kñúger]génGñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgnUver]g

eBalza ²RbsinebI kalGatμa enAkñúgTIenH karenACasuxsb|ay

emeKapgk*:n .

okeRmIkmin:neT³

.

tYy¨ag

kñúg

:n»mkza emeKamYyk|alkMBugEtQrbgØÚrnUvTénTwkedaH

citþlbB(tenaHÉg Gs´ 4 Ex eT[t ehIyjúaMgcitþKitnwgeTA o

Rss´dl´kUneKa . RBanmñak´ Kitza ²Gjnwgsmøab´emeKaenaH³

ekIteLIg y¨agdUecñaHÉg mþgeT[t . ÉeTvta k*yMehIy eday

tMrg´edayédehIy k*BYylMEBgEdlmandgEvgeTA . lMEBgenaH

RbkardUecñaHmþgeT[tEdr . RBHezr; enAehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaH

eTAb¨HnUvsrIr;emeKaenaHehIy k*rbUteTAehIy dUcCasøwketñat .

dEdl edayó:yenH briniBVanehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaHÉg .

lMEBgenaH eTAputehIy eRBaHPav;énemeKaenaH CastVmanesckþI

Pikú¡Gk ñ mankiriyaenAedayemtþa rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMg

RsLaj´d*mankMLaMg kñúgkUneKaEtbu¨eNÑaH minEmnedaykMLaMg én

Lay y¨agenHÉg .

óbcar; minEmnedaykMLaMgénGb|naeTç emtþa manGanuPaBeRcIn

Etgman

dl´GñkTaMgLayç

nu@HCakarEdllÁ³

ehIyk*enA

bTza ²eTvta EtgrkSa³ esckþIza BYkeTvta EtgEzrkSa

y¨agenHÉg . bTza ²buK<lenaH tMkl´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s³ esckþIza

dUcCamata nig bitaTaMgLay rkSanUvbuRt y¨agenaHÉg . bTza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´dl´ GñkEdlenAedayemtþaenaH³ esckþIza ePøIgkþI minrlak KWminb¨H Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCaePøIg min

citþ

rbs´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþa

rEmgtaMgenAmaMqab´Pøamç

PaB

yWtyUr éncitþCasmaZienaH minman . bTza ²mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´³ esckþIza k*mux rbs´

rlakdl´ó:sikaeQμaHótþradUecñaHç zñaMBiskþI minrlak KWmincUl

buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCazñaMBis min

EdlrelHcakTg .

Camuxmansm|úrd*zøa

dUcCaEpøetñatTMu

cUleTA kñúgkay rbs´RBHcULsivetær GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþnikay

bTza ²minvegVgeZVImrNkal³esckþIza ZmμtaesckþIsøab´

dUecñaHç eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´ KWmincUleTA kñúgkay rbs´

edaykarvegVgvgVn´ minman dl´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaeTç buK<l

GñkEdlmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH dUcCaeRK]gs®sþavuZ minb¨H

GñkenAedayemtþa minvegVgvgVn´eLIy eZVImrNkal dUcCabuK<l

Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´sMkic©sameNr y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kMBugedklk´ y¨agenaHÉg .

manBakü


visuTÆimK< ERb

193

194

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bTza ²kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT³ esckþI

Lay kMBugeZVIsMeLgzáÚr Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA muneKTaMg

za buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH kalminGac edIm|IRtas´dwgnUvRBH

Gs´ za ²Ohñ@ stVenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIlM:k eZVIdUcemþceTAhñ@

Grhtþ d*x¬g´x¬s´ Cagemtþasmabtþi:neT luHcüútcakGtþPaBenH

stVenH Kb|IrYccakesckþITuk¡enH:n³ dUecñH eRBaHelak:neBal

rEmgcUleTAkan´RBhμelak dUcCalk´ehIyP\ak´eLIgy¨agdUecñaH .

ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²cuHPikú¡ mancitþRbkbedaykruNa pSayeTA

enHCakza y¨agBisþar kñúgemtþaPavna .

kan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc . buK<l eXIjnUvbuK<lmñak´ Ca

‘kruNaRBhμvihar’

GñkRkIRk dl´nUvesckþIlM:k ehIypSaykruNa y¨agNamijç

‘188’ cMENkxag RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkruNa Kb|IBicarNanUveTas

énkarminmankruNapg

nig

Pikú¡ pSaykruNa cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

nUvGanisgS

RBHeyaKI kalmin:n nUvbuK<lEdldl´ehIy nUvesckþI

énkruNapgehIy cab´epþImcMerInkruNaRBhμvihar . k*RBHeyaKI

lM:kenaHeT sUm|IbuK<lEdldl´ehIynUvesckþIsux EtCaGñkeZVI

kalcab´epþImcMerIn nUvkruNaenaH minRtUvcab´epþIm kñúgbuK<lEdl

nUvGMeBIGaRkk´

maneTasdl´Pavna manbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm muneT .

EdleKnwgsmøab´ Camun .

eRBaHza esckþIRsLaj´ EtgfitenAkñúgfan;CaTIRsLaj´hñwgÉgç

eRb[bdUcCaBYkraCburs cgnUvecarEdlxøÜncab´:nehIy RBmTaMg

buK<lCasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk EtgfitenAkñúgfan;énbuK<l

RTBü tamRBHGaC\aénesþcza ²GñkTaMgLaycUrsmøab´nUvecarenaH³

CasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBkEmnBitç buK<lCakNþal Etgfit

dUecñHehIy onUvkarRbharTaMgLay nimitþrMBat´ 4 > naMeTAkan´

enAkñúgfan;CakNþalhñwgÉgç buK<lminCaTIRsLaj´ EtgfitenA

TIsMrab´smøab´ç BYkmnusS onUvxaTnIy;xøH ePaCnIy;xøH kRmg

kñúgfan;minCaTIRsLaj´EmnBitç buK<lCasRtUv EtgfitenA kñúg

p,axøH eRK]gRkGUbxøH eRK]glabxøH nig søamøÚxøH dl´ecarenaHç

fan;CasRtUvEmnBit. PaBénbuK<lGñkmanePTxusKña nig buK<l

ecarenaHkalTMBasuI nig eRbIR:s´nUvvtæúTaMgenaH hak´dUcCadl´

Edlsøab´ehIy minEmnCaextþEdn ‘EdlRtUvpSaykruNa’ eT .

ehIynUvesckþIsux EqÁts,b´s,l´ehIyedayePaK; edIreTA k*Bit

bu¨EnþebIRBHeyaKI

CaGñkEdlKYro

EmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH GñkNamYy k*minsm<al´esaHnUvecar

GaNitGasUr manrUbragEbøk dl´nUvesckþIlM:kéRkElg CaGñk

enaH za ²Ohñ@ ecarenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsux manePaK;eRcIn³

TUK(t

dUecñHeTç edayBiteTA CnEtgGaNit nUvecarenaH za ²ecarenHCa

eXIjnUvbursNamYyhñwgÉg

manrUbGaRkk´ CamnusSkMRBa kMbutédeCIg dak´GMEbgBImux

edkelIsalaKμanTIBwg manhVÚgdg,ÚvkMBugvarecj

tamédeCIgTaMg

1- GPiÇ viÇ

k*Kb|IpSaykruNa:nEdr

eRBaHeRb[bpÞwmnwgecar

sYrza ²eRb[bdUcemþc/ ³ .

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 315 .

eqøIyza


visuTÆimK< ERb

195

196

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mnusSKYroRseNaHGaNit nwgsøab´ kñúgkal«LÚvenH eRBaHza

za

ecarenH QannUvCMhanNak*eday rEmgmandl´esckþIsøab´ kñúg

k*bu¨Enþ eQμaHzaCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþITuk¡edayBit eRBaHCaGñk

TICitbeg,IyedayCMhanenaH > ³ dUecñH y¨agNamijç sUm|IbuK<l

minknøgnUvvdþTuk¡:n³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIsImsemÖT kñúgCnTaMg

Gñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux

Kb|I

Lay 4 KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCa

pSaykruNa:n y¨agenH za ²buK<lenH CaGñkrehmrham kñúg

kNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r 1 tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy

kal«LÚvenH CaGñkmanesckþIsux cat´EcglÁehIy eRbIR:s´nUv

enaHÉg ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na

ePaK;TaMgLay k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaHk*eday eK nwg

edayGMNacéntik,CÄan nig ctuk,CÄan tamn&yEdlelakeBal

TTYlTuk¡eTamnsS manRbmaNmintic kñúgG:yTaMgLay kñúg

ehIy kñúgemtþaPavna kMuxan .

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvkruNakmμdðan

kal«LÚvenH eRBaHkarminmanklüaNkmμ

²buK<lenH

sUm|IminmanesckþIvinascakjatiCaedImTaMgenaH

EdlxøÜn:neZVIehIy

EtkñúgGdðkzaénGg<útþrnikay RBHGdðkzacarü eBallMdab´

sUm|IedayTVarmYy kñúgcMeNamTVarTaMgbI³ dUecñH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç

enHza ²buK<lmaneB[r RBHeyaKIKb|IpSaykruNa muneK RtUveZVI

luHkruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH :npSaykruNacMeBaHbuK<lenaH y¨ag

citþoTn´

dUecñHehIy bnÞab´mk Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´

buK<lTuK(t tmk obuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ tmk pSayoxøÜnÉg³

dUecñH KW kñúgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ tmk kñúgbuK<lCakNþal

dUecñH .

tmk

CaedImeT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IR:rBÆnUvPavna kñúg

kñúgbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

edayó:yenHÉg

.

k*RbsinebI

kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaHehIy

Kb|IpSaykruNa

odl´

lMdab´enaH minsmtam:LI za ²TuK<tM TurUebtM³ dUecñH

esckþIzñaMgzñak´ kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´kruNakmμdðanik-

kruNakmμdðanenaH

Pik¡úenaH

kñúgkalmunk*eday

eZVInUvsImsemÖT ehIycMerInGb|na . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI

kruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH RtUvjúaMgesckþIzñaMgzñak´enaH osáb´rmáab´

Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay edaymincMeBaH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnahñwgÉg . mYyeT[t

edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH edayGakar;TaMg

kñúgkarpSaykruNaenH RBHeyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI sUm|InUvbuK<lEdl

Lay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay 10³ nig

eZVIesckþIlÁehIy mkCYbRbTH edayesckþIvinasNamYy bNþa

GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm

esckþIvinasTaMgLaymanvinascakjati vinaseRBaHeraK vinas

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy

cakRTBüCaedIm ehIypSaykruNa edayRbkarTaMgBYg y¨agenH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyenaHÉg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgkruNaPavna .

ehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘muTitaRBhμvihar’

198

muTitaRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanesckþIsux kñúgGtItkal bu¨Enþ«LÚvenH

‘189’ RBHeyaKI sUm|IkalR:rBÆmuTitaPavna k*minKb|I

CaGñkTuK(t CaGñklM:kéRkeBkç RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwker]y> nUv

R:rBÆ kñúgbuK<lEdlmaneTasdl´PavnaTaMgLay manbuK<lCaTI

PaBénbuK<lenaHCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsuxEdlknøgeTAehIy

RsLaj´CaedImmuneT

minEmn

enaHÉg ehIykan´yk nUvGakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH

edayRtwmEtPaBCaTIRsLaj´

Ég za ²kñúgkalknøgeTAehIy buK<lenHCaGñkmanePaK;eRcIn Ca

CaehtuCaTItaMg

.

eRBaHza

énPaBCacitþTn´

buK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bu¨eNÑaHeT BMucaM:c´niyayzVI dl´buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lman

GñkmanbrivareRcIn

eB[r . PaBénbuK<lxusePTKña nig buK<leZVImrNkal minEmn

júaMgmuTita oekIteLIg .

CaextþEdn ‘EdlcMerInmuTita’ dUcKñaEdr . ÉbuK<lCasMLaj´CaTI

Gakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH EdlCaGnaKtehIy júaMg

RsLaj´éRkeBk Kb|ICaehtuCaTItaMg:n . eRBaHza buK<lenaH

muTita oekIteLIg za ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH :nnUvsm|tþienaH

EdlRBHGdðkzacarü eBalehIykñúgGdðkza za ²buK<lCasMLaj´

mþgeT[t nwgRtac´eTA edayyanviessTaMgLay manelI-k dMrI

CaGñkelg³ dUecñH CaGñkrIkraysb|ayEmnBit esIcmunehIy

elIxñgesH nig elIGRgwgCavikarénmasCaedIm³ dUecñH . luHRBH

eTIbniyay

buK<lCa

eyaKIenaH júaMgmuTitacitþoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ y¨ag

sMLaj´CaGñkelgenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IpSaymuTitamuneK . RBH

enHehIy bnÞab´mk RtUvjúaMgmuTitaoRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´ y¨ag

eyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI nUvbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´kþI nUvbuK<lEdldl´nUv

enH KWkñúgbuK<lCakNþal tmk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r . EtRbsinebI

esckþIsuxkþI

Kb|IjúaMg

bdiX; kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH tamn&y

muTita oekIteLIg za ²Ohñ@ stVenHrIkrayNas´etI Ohñ@ lÁEmn

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉgç RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMg

Ohñ@ RbéBBitEmn³ dUecñH . EmnBit RBHZmμesnabtI GaRs&ynUv

bdiX;enaHosáb´rmáab´

GMNacénRbeyaCn¾enHÉg eTIbeBalehIykñúgviPg<za ²cuHPikú¡man

PavnaenaHÉg

citþRbkbedaymuTita pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc

kñúgCnTaMgLay 4 KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgbIenHpg nig kñúgxøÜnÉgpg

KWbuK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ CaTIRsLaj´CaTIeBjcitþ ehIyCaGñkrIk

ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na eday

ray y¨agNa Pikú¡pSaymuTitacMeBaHstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacéntik,CÄan ‘kñúgctuk,n&y’ nig ctuk,CÄan ‘kñúgbJ©k,n&y’

RbsinebIbuK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg ß buK<lCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´

tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg . bnÞab´GMBIenaH

CaxageRkay

eRBaHehtuenaH

nUvbuK<lsþúksþmÖkþI

müa¨geT[t

EdlkMBugEtrIkray

CaGñkmancitþrIkrayCanic©³

dUecñHehIy

Kb|I

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKIKb|Ikan´yk nUv

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþa

ehIyeZVInUvsImsemÖT

edayPaBCaGñkmancitþesμI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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200

óebk¡aRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKI Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay eday

CaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

minCaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

Kb|ICaGñkRBegIy

mincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH eday

kenþIy y¨agNa Pikú¡pSayóebk¡a cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨ag

Gakar;TaMgLay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay

enaHEdr³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI luHjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg

10 ³ nig GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³

kñúgbuK<lCakNþal tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy bnÞab´mk

dUecñHCaedIm tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIgkñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bnÞab´mk

kñúg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgmuTitaPavna .

buK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg bnÞab´mk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r y¨agenH

‘óebk¡aRBhμvihar’

ehIy Kb|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT edayGMNacén‘kareZVIcitþ’CakNþal

‘190’ cMENkxagRBHeyaKI GñkmanR:zñaedIm|IR:rBÆ nUv

kñúgbuK<lTaMgBYg KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgLaybIenH EdleBalmkehIy

óebk¡aPavna CaGñk:nQanTI 3 nig TI 4 kñúgPavnaTaMgLay

pg kñúgxøÜnÉgpg ehIyKb|IesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH .

manemtþaPavnaCaedIm ecjcakttiyCÄanEdlsÞat´ehIy eXIj

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH ctutæCÄan rEmgekIteLIg tamn&y

nUveTas kñúgPavnaTaMgLayxagedIm eRBaHPav;énPavnaenaHRbkb

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNenaHÉg .

edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayesckþIRsLaj´ kñúg

sYrza ²cuHctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr

stV edayGMNacénkarpSayza ²sUmstVTaMgBYg:ndl´esckþI

Edl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgehIy kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLay

suxcuH³ dUecñHCaedImpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdlRtac´eTACitesckþIzñaMg

manbfvIksiNCaedImpgß / ³ .

zñak´ nig esckþIeRtkGrpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdleRKatRKat eRBaH

sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanCaQan

RbkbedayesamnsSpg nig ‘eXIj’ nUvGanisgS kñúgóebk¡a

manGarmμN¾xusKña³ . k*bu¨EnþctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´

edayPaBCaZm(d*lÁitpgç buK<lNataMgenACakNþal tamRbRktI

RBHeyaKIEdl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgkñúgRBhμviharPavna

énbuK<lenaHç Kb|IRBegIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH ehIyjúaMgóebk¡a o

manemtþaCaedImbu¨eNÑaH

ekIteLIg tGMBIenaHmk Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lTaMg

GarmμN¾esμIKña³ .

LaydéTeT[t manbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . smdUcCaelak eBalehIy

za

²cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayóebk¡a

pSayeTAkan´

TismYy sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc / . KWbuK<leXIj nUvbuK<lmñak´

eqøIyza ²minekIteLIgeT³ .

eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanenaH

CaQanman

bnÞab´GMBIenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabGb|na eQñaHzavikuBVna nig kar:nGanisgS tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg. enHCakzaBisþar kñúgóebk¡aPavna .


visuTÆimK< ERb

201

bNÐit

RCabnUvRBhμviharTaMgLayenH

EdlRBHRBhμútþmacarü RTg´sMEdgehIy y¨agenH Kb|IRCabbkiNÑkkzaenH kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHza muTitaç müa¨gvijeT[t Bakü za ²muTita³ enaH KWRKan´EtCakiriyarIkraybu¨eNÑaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza muTita .

nu@H edayéRkElgEzmeT[t .

KuNCatiNa EtgRBegIykenþIy edaykiriyalHbg´ nUv

‘vinicä&yedayesckþI’ k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI kñúgemtþa kruNa muTita nig óebk¡aTaMgLayenH Camunsin . ZmμCatiNa RsLaj´ eRBaHehtuenaH ZmμCatienaH eQμaH za emtþaç GZib|ayza sñiTÆsñM .

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eQμaHza muTitaç mYyeT[t KuNCatienaH rIkray cMeBaHxøÜnÉg

bkiNÑkkza ‘191’

202

mYyeT[t karCitditn@uH man

kñúgmitþ ß ßza RbRBwtþeTAcMeBaHmitþ eRBaHehtuenaH karCitditn@uH eQμaHza emtþa . KuNCatiNa kalebIesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTman eZVInUvkar QWqÁal dl´sb|úrsTaMgLay KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa .

esckþIxVl´xVayCaedIm za ²stVTaMgLay cUrkMuomaneB[rnwgKña³ dUecñH

nig

edaykiriyacUleTAdl´

nUvPaBRBegIykenþIy

eRBaH

ehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza óebk¡a .

‘vinicä&yedaylk¡N;CaedIm’ bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edayRbkardéTmanlk¡N; CaedIm kñúgRBhμviharTaMg 4 enaH ‘dUcteTAenH’ . emtþa mankiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ ‘dl´ stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyarYbrYmmknUvRbeyaCn¾Cakic©ç mankarkMcat´bg´nUvKMnMuCaplç mankiriyabgØaj nUvPaBénstVTaMg

mYyeT[t KuNCatiNa epÞr KWza eb[teb[n nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´Cn

LayCaTIKab´citþCaehtuCitç kiriyacUleTArmáab´Büa:T Casm|tþi

déT esckþIza júaMgesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTovinaseTA eRBaHehtu

énemtþaenaHç kiriyaekItRBménesckþIesñha Cavibtþi énemtþaenaH .

enaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa . müa¨gvijeT[t KuNCatiNa

kruNa mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´

EdlsaZuCnTaMgLayEtgeZVI KWza latecj edayGMNacénkar

nUvesckþITuk¡ ‘rbs´stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyaGt´RTaM

pSayeTA kñúgCnTaMgLayEdldl´ehIynUvesckþITuk¡ eRBaHehtu

min:nnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´stVdéT Cakic©ç mankiriyamineb[teb[n

enaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza kruNa .

Caplç mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBminmanTIBwg énstVTaMgLayEdl

saZuCnTaMgLay

EtgrIkray

cMeBaHCnGñkRBmeRB[gKña

manesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ehIy CaehtuCitç kiriyarmáab´nUvkareb[t

edaysm|tþienaH edayKuNCatienaH eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH

eb[n Casm|tþiénkruNaenaHç karekItRBm énesckþIesak Cavibtþi


visuTÆimK< ERb

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énkruNaenaH . muTita

204

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eBalehIy za ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay eRBaHemtþaecetavimutþin@uH

mankiriyarIkrayTUeTA

Calk¡N;ç

mankiriyamin

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvBüa:Tç

b\sSaCakic©ç mankiriyakMcat´bg´nUvGrti Caplç mankiriyabgØaj

kruNaecetavimutþin@uH

nUvsm|tþiénstVTaMgLayCaehtuç

GavuesaTaMgLay

kiriyacUleTArmáab´nUvGrti

Ca

sm|tþiénmuTitaenaHç karekItRBm énsMeNIcCavibtþiénmuTitaenaH . óebk¡a mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CakNþalkñúgstV TaMgLayCalk¡N;ç

mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBesμIKña

nUvGrti

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvkareb[teb[nç eRBaHmuTitaecetavimutþin@uH

‘KWesckþImineRtkGr’ç

eRBaH mñal

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

eRBaH

óebk¡aecetavimutþin@uH CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvraK; ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘sRtUvCitnigqáayrbs´RBhμvihar’

kñúgstVTaMg

LayCakic©ç mankarcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´nigesckþIRsLaj´

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgenaH sMrab´RBhμviharmYYy> mansRtUv

Caplç mankarsMEdgnUvPaBénstVCaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn Edl

BIr > edayGMNacénsRtUvCit nig qáay . GZib|ayza raK; Ca

RbRBwtþeTAehIyy¨agenHza ²stVTaMgLaymankmμCarbs´xøÜn stV

sRtUvCit rbs´emtþaRBhμvihar

TaMgLayenaH nwgCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsuxkþI nwgrYccakTuk¡kþI

cMENkesμIKña kñúgkiriyabgØajnUvKuN dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursRtac´

nwgminvinas caksm|tþiEdlxøÜn:nehIykþI edayesckþIKab´citþ

eTAkñúgTICit raK;enaHEtg:nnUveTasCaeRK]gqøgcuH y¨agRsYl .

énkmμ³ dUecñH Caehtuç karcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´ nig esckþI

eRBaHehtuenaH emtþa RBHeyaKavcrRtUvrkSao:nlÁ GMBIraK;enaH

RsLaj´ Casm|tþiénóebk¡aenaHç karekItRBménkarRBegIykenþIy

Büa:T CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´emtþa’ eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig

EdlKμanjaNEdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWtNØa Cavibtþi énóebk¡aenaH .

Büa:TmancMENkesμIKña nigminesμIKña dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursEdl

‘RbeyaCn¾énRBhμvihar’

GaRs&ynUvjats|aténéRBmanPñMCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

k*ÉesckþIsux EdlekItGMBIvibsSnakþI kardl´RBm eday

minRtUvP&yxøacGMBB I üa:TenaHeT

PBkþI CaRbeyaCn¾TUeTA énRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enaHÉg . kar

buK<lnwgcMerInemtþapg

pþac´pþilnUvsRtUvmanBüa:TCaedIm CaRbeyaCn¾edayELk . Bit

dUecñaH

Emn bNþaRBhμviharTaMgenaH emtþa mankarpþac´pþilnUvBüa:TCa RbeyaCn¾ç RBhμviharTaMgLayeRkAenHmankarpþac´pþilnUvkareb[t eb[n karmineRtkGr nig raK;CaRbeyaCn¾ . smdUcRBHsarIbuRt

eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig raK; man

RtUvcMerInemtþacuH . tamZmμta

nwgeZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgpg

eRBaHehtu

ehtuenH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT . eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIy eday

n&ymann&y za

²buK<l kalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUvkarmin

1- suÇ TIÇ :dÇ PaKTI 19 TMB&rTI 203 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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206

RBhμviharnieTÞs

:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr CaTIKab´

eRBaHPav;énmuTita nig eKhsitesamnsS mancMENkesμIKña kñúg

citþ CateRmkéncitþ RbkbedayelakamiskþI kalrlwkeXIjnUv

karbgØajnUvsm|tþi cMENkesckþImineRtkGr‘Grti’CasRtUvqáay

rUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:nkñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy Edlrlt´

‘rbs´muTita’ eRBaHPav;énGrti mancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKña

ehIy EdlERbRbYlkþI ehIyk*ekIteTamnsSeLIgç eTamnsSNa

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt GMBIGrtienaHeT Kb|I

mansPaBdUecñH eTamnsSenaH tzaKtehAza eKhsiteTamnsS

cMerInmuTitacuH .

‘ eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞH KWkamKuN ’ ³

nwgGpSúk kñúgesnasn;d*sáat´ ß kñúgsmz; nig vibsSnapg

sRtUvkñúgTICit

rbs´kruNaRBhμvihar

dUecñHCaedIm

Ca

eRBaHkruNanigeKhsit-

eTamnsSmancMENkesμIKñakñúgkiriyabgØajnUvvibtþiç

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwgCaGñkrIkrayTUeTApg

eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT .

kareb[teb[n

cMENkxag eKhsitGJ¦aNóebk¡a ‘óebk¡aminmanjaN

CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´kruNa’ eRBaHPav;énvihwsamancMENk

EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’ EdlmkehIy edayn&ymann&y

esμIKña nig minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt

za ²eRBaHeXIjnUvrUb edayckú¡ óebk¡a ‘PaBRBegIykenþIy’ rEmg

GMBIkareb[teb[nenaHeT Kb|IcMerInkruNacuH . tamZmμta buK<l

ekIteLIg dl´buzuC¢n Gñklág´exøA vegVgvgVn´ GñkmankielsRkas´

nwgeZVInUvkruNakþI nwgeb[teb[n ‘nUvstV’ edayeRK]gRbharTaMg

GñkminQñHnUvEdnKWelaP; GñkminQñHnUvvi:k GñkmineXIjeTas

Layman:tédCaedIm eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCa

Gñkmin:nsþab´ç óebk¡a Na mansPaBEbbenH óebk¡aenaH min

TItaMgeT .

RbRBwtþknøgnUvrUb eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡aenaH tzaKtRtas´ehAza

esamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIyeday

eKhsita ‘GaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’³ dUecñHCaedIm CasRtUvd*Cit

n&ymann&yCaedIm za ²buK<lkalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUv

rbs´óebk¡aRBhμvihar

karmin:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr Ca

sitGJ¦aNóebk¡a

TIKab´citþ

BicarNanUveTas nig KuNç

CateRmkéncitþ

RbkbedayelakamiskþI

kalrlwk

eRBaHPav;énóebk¡aRBhμvihar nig eKh-

mancMENkesμIKña

edayGMNacénkiriyamin

esckþIzñaMgzñak´edayraK;

CasRtUv

eXIjnUvrUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:n kñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy

qáay ‘rbs´óebk¡a’ eRBaHraKb|diX;enaH mancMENkesμIKña nig

Edlrlt´ehIy

minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIteLIy GMBI

esamnsSNa

EdlERbRbYlkþI mansPaBdUecñH

ehIyk*ekItesamnsSeLIgç esamnsSenaH

tzaKtehAza

eKhsitesamnsS³ dUecñH CasRtUvkñúgTICitrbs´muTitaRBhμvihar

raKb|diX;enaH Kb|IcMerInóebk¡acuH . RBegIykenþIypg nwgrIkraypg

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwg

nwgb¨HTg<icpg eRBaHehtudUecñaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

207

ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT ‘1’ .

208

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eyaKIKb|IcMerIn dUcKñaenaHEdr . enHCalMdab´énkarcMerInGarmμN¾

‘xagedImçççnig karcMerInGarmμN¾énRBhμvihar’

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenaH .

‘192’ k*RBhμviharTaMgGs´n@uH manktþúkamtaqnÞ; ‘esckþI

‘óebk¡aRBhμviharCaplénRBhμviharbIxagedIm’

eBjcitþkñúgPaBGñkcg´edIm|IeZVI’ CaxagedIm mankiriyasg,t´sg,in

mYyeT[t GarUbsmabtþiTaMgLay CaTIhUrecj énksiN

nUvnIvrN;CaedIm CakNþal manGb|na CaTIbMput edayGMNac

TaMgLayç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; CaTIhUrecj énsmaZiTaMg

énbJ¦tiþZm( rab´za manstVmYy CaGarmμN¾ ß manstVd*eRcIn Ca

Layç plsmabtiþ CaTIhUrecjénvibsSnaç nieraZsmabtþi CaTI

GarmμN¾ . kalebIdl´óbcar; nig Gb|naehIy karcMerIn eday

hUrecj énsmz; nig vibsSna y¨agNamijç óebk¡aRBhμvihar

GamμN¾ eTIbekIt:n .

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenH CaTIhUrecjénRBhμviharbIxagedIm k*y¨ag

kúñgkarcMerInedayGarmμN¾enaH enHKWCalMdab´ énkarcMerIn

dUecñaHEdr .

eRBaHdUcCa CagminTan´:ndaMnUvssrTaMgLay min

GarmμN¾‘dUcteTA’ . dUcCaGñkP¢ÜrEdlqøatkMNt´nUvTIEdlxøÜnKb|I

Tan´:nelIknUvZñwm nig epÞagehIy k*minGacedIm|Idak´nUvemdMbUl

P¢ÜrehIyeTIbP¢Ür y¨agNaç RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´ nUvGavasmYy Ca

nig bg,g´ BÆd*Gakas:neLIy y¨agNamijç ev[rcakttiyCÄan

dMbUgbgÁs´ ehIyKb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgstVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenaH

kñúgRBhμviharbIxagedImecjehIy RBHeyaKI k*minGacedIm|IcMerIn

edayn&ymann&yza ²stVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenHcUrkMuomaneB[r³

ctutæCÄan:n k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘ehtuGIV:nCaehAzaRBhμvihar’

dUecñHCaedIm . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIcitþoTn´ oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúg GavasenaHehIy kMNt´GavasBIr . bnÞab´GMBIGavasenaH RBH

‘esckþIRtiHriH rbs´GacarüBYkxøH’ Kb|ImankñúgGZikarenHza

R:MbI

²k*eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehA emtþa kruNa

R:MbYn db´ zñl´mYy Bak´kNþalRsuk RsukmYy CnbTmYy

muTita óebk¡aenaH za RBhμvihar /ç eRBaHehtuGVI:nCaRTg´Rtas´

GaNacRkmYy TismYy edaylMdab´ edayn&yenHehIy Kb|I

KuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH za manbYn /ç

kMNt´rhUtdl´cRkvaLmYy . mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa

RBhμviharTaMgLayn@uH/ç

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

CaRTg´Rtas´RBhμviharTaMg4 enaH za Gb|mJ¦a dUecñHeTAvij/ ³ .

eyaKIKb|IkMNt´GavasBIr

bI

bYn

R:M

kñúgTITaMgLayenaH>

R:MmYy

R:MBIr

edayéRkElg

GMBI

cRkvaLenaHk*:n . RBhμviharTaMgLay mankruNaCaedIm k*RBH 1- suÇ mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 306 .

cMENkkñúgRBHGPiZmμ

cuHGVICalMdab´ én eRBaHehtuGVI:n

x\úMnwgeBaledaHRsay ‘dUcteTAenH’ . dMbUg

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénRBhμvihar

kñúgKuNCatiman


visuTÆimK< ERb

209

210

RBhμviharnieTÞs

emtþaCaedImn@uH edayesckþIzaCaZm(d*RbesIr nig eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

eRcInedayesckþIeb[teb[nç muTita CapøÚvd*brisuTÆénbuK<lGñkeRcIn

minmaneTas . EmnBit RBhμviharZm(TaMgLayn@uH eQμaHzaCaZ(m

edayesckþImineRtkGrç óebk¡a CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñkeRcIn

CaeRK]genAd*RbesIrbMput eRBaHPav;énesckþIRbtibtþid*RbéB cMeBaH

edayteRmk eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t kareZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaH

stVTaMgLayç mYyeT[t RBhμviharTaMgLay minmancitþCaeTas

stVTaMgLay k*man 4 RbkarhñwgÉg edayGMNacénkarRbmUl

enA y¨agNaç RBHeyaKITaMgLay GñkRbkbRBmedayRBhμvihar

mknUvRbeyaCn¾

TaMgLayn@uH

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eRtkGrnUvsm|tþi nig karmin:c´taMgcitþxVl´xVay eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH Zm(TaMgLay manemtþaCaedImenaH eTIbRBHd*man

BMuenaHesateT eRb[bdUcCamata CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña nUvkarcMrug

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za RBhμvihar edayesckþIza CaZm(d*RbesIr

cMerIn dl´kUntUc kñúgcMeNamkUnTaMg 4 BYk KW kUntUc kUnEdl

bMputpg eRBaHPav;CaZm( minmaneTaspg .

QW kUnEdleBjkMeLaH nig kUnEdlxVl´xVay kñúgkic©karrbs´

CaGñkenAesμI

edayRBhμ

EmnBit

cMENkBaküenH CaesckþIedaHRsay nUvbJØaEdlza ²k*

‘193’ bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCati 4 manemtþa Ca

edIm edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCatimanemtþaCaedIm enaH edayGMNacénGakar; mankarKitRbeyaCn¾ CaedImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RbmaNmin:n

kñúgGarmμN¾

eRBaHehtuNa

man

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a . GZib|ayza kñúgPavnaTaMg 4 n@uH emtþa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ én buK<lGñkeRcIn edayBüa:Tç

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IkMcat´bg´nUvCmáW

dl´kUnEdlQW

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkartaMgenAGs´kald*yUr énkardl´

eRBaHehtuGVI eTIbRtas´za man 4 ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

CaedImenaH

xøÜn

karkMcat´ecalnUvGMeBIEdlminCaRbeyaCn¾ kar

kruNa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñk

RBmedayv&y xVl´xVay

dl´kUnEdleBjkMeLaHehIy

kñúgehtuÉNanImYy

CaGñkGs´esckþI

dl´kUnEdlxVl´xVay

kñúgkic©kar

rbs´xøÜn y¨agNamijç RBHeyaKI k*Kb|ICaGñkenA edayGb|mJ¦aZm(

edayGMNacénkarcMerInRBhμvihar

cMeBaHsBVstVTaMgLay ehtuenaH

Gb|mJ¦a

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eTIbman

4

4

manemtþaCaedIm

eRBaHehtuNaç

edayGMNacénkic©

eRBaH

manpøÚvd*

brisuTÆCaedIm CagRBhμvihar 4 enH . k*ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IcMerInGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enHÉg

Kb|IRbtibtþi

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

edayGMNacénkiriya

RbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ Camunsinç PavnaEdlman karRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾Calk¡N;hñwgÉg Caemtþaç


visuTÆimK< ERb

211

212

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bnÞab´GMBIenaHeTA RBHeyaKI:neXIjkþI :nsþab´kþI :nsresIrkþI

emtþaCaedIm kñúgTIEdlmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH sUm|Idl´stV 1³ y¨ag

‘:nRtiHriHkþI’ nUvPav;énstVTaMgLay EdlR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ y¨ag

dUecñHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalehIy za ;

enHehIy RtUvesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNac én kiriyaRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;énkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡ç Pavna EdlmankarRbRBwtiþeTA edIm|IkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡Calk¡N; hñwgÉg CakruNaç bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKI :neXIjnUvsm|tþiénstV TaMgLayenaHEdlCaGñkR:zñanUvRbeyaCn¾ nig CaGñkR:zñanUvkar R:scakesckþITuk¡ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNacén karrIkraykñúgsm|tþi ‘rbs´stVTaMgenaH’ç Pavna ‘karcMerIn’ Edl mankarrIkrayTUeTACalk¡N;hñwgÉg CamuTitaç cMENkbnÞab´GMBI muTitaenaHmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGakar;CakNþal eBalKWPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmancitþRBegIykenþIyeRBaHminmankic©Edl xøÜnKb|IeZVIç PavnaEdlmankarRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;CakNþal Calk¡N;hñwgÉg

Caóebk¡aç

eRBaHehtuenaH

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabKuNCati

4

manemtþaCaedIm

edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH edayGMNacénGakar;

mankarKitRbeyaCn¾

Ca

edImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa Ca edImenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾manRbmaN min:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBH manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a .

‘RBhμviharbIxagedImsMerc:nRtwmEtttiyCÄan’ ‘194’ Gb|mJ¦a 3 xagedIm kñúgcMeNamGb|mJ¦aTaMg4

bNÐitKb|IRCab

enaH Edlmanlk¡N;EtmYy eRBaHPav;énGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH man

lMdab´enH énGb|mJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH y¨agenH za ²RBHmanRBHPaK

RbmaNmin:n y¨agenH eTIbCaGb|mJ¦aRbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3

RTg´Rtas´emtþa Camun bnÞab´mk RTg´Rtas´kruNa muTita óebk¡a³

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

edayGMNacénGakar;manRbeyaCn¾CaedIm GMBI Gb|mJ¦a enH .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHmin:nR:scakesamnsS . k*karR:s

k*eRBaHza Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLayTaMgGs´enH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾

manRbmaNmin:nç

RbmaNmin:n RbRBwtþeTA

CaGarmμN¾

EmnBit

stVTaMgLay

énGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uHç

PavnaTaMgenaH

edayGMNacénkarpSayeTATaMgmUlEtmþg

yknUvRbmaN

man

cakesamnsSmin:nEtgmandl´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH eRBaHehtuGVI . eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

nUvGkuslZm(TaMg

Lay manBüa:TCaedIm EdlekIkGMBIeTamnsS . cMENkxag

minRbkan´

Gb|mJ¦axagcug CaGvessÉkCÄanik; ‘RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQanEt

y¨agenH za ²k*RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInGb|mJ¦a man

mYy Edlesssl´ KWctutæCÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß bJ©k,CÄan kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

213

214

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bJ©k,n&y’ . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHRbkbedayóebk¡aevTna .

mYlbg,ac´nUvRBHmanRBHPaKeLIyç eRBaHza RBHBuTÆvcn; CaZm(d*

EmnBit óebk¡aRBhμvihar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakar;CakNþal

RCaleRCA

kñúgstVTaMgLay ev[rcakóebk¡aevTna RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy .

er[nnUvRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH edayesckþIGZib|ay . k*enHCaesckþI

cMENkbuK<lNa Kb|IeBaly¨agenHza; eRBaHRBHmanRBH

GñkKb|IcUleTAGg<úyCitGacarüTaMgLayehIy

GZib|ay kñúgRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH .

Kb|I

:n»mkza RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

PaKRTg´Rtas´ edayminEbøkKña kñúgGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 kñúgGdðkni:t

Rtas´tiHed[lPikú¡enaHEdlGaraZna oRBHGg<sMEdgRBHZm(eTsna

za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH GñkKYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkb

za

edayvitk,; nig vicar;pg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,;pg

Zm(ÉNarbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKehIy CabuK<lmñak´Ég ec[secj

manEtvicar;bu¨eNÑaH KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; minman

eTA minRbmaT manBüayamdutkMedAkiels mancitþbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

vicar;pg

KYrcMerIn

RBHniBVan sUmRBHd*manRBHPaKsMEdgnUvZm(enaH oTandl´x\úMRBH

nUvsmaZi EdlminmanbItipg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbeday

Gg< edayseg¡b ‘1’ ³ dUecñH za ²y¨agenHÉg emaXbursBYkxøH

esckþIsb|aypg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbedayóebk¡a ‘1’

kñúgelakenH

pg³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaHÉg CaGb|mJ¦a

tzaKtsMEdgehIy

RbRBwtþeTAkñúgctuk,CÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß RbRBwtþeTA kñúgbJ©k,CÄan

tambu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuEdlPikú¡enaHsþab´nUvZm(rbs´tzaKt

kñúgbJ©k,n&y .

sUm|IkñúgkalmunehIy k*enAEtenAkñúgTIenaHdEdl minR:zñaedIm|I

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi

EdlRbkbedaybItipg

²saZuRbéBehIy

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHGg<:nsþab´nUv

RKan´EtGaraZnatzaKtEtbu¨eNÑaH

kalebIZm(Edl

k*RKan´EtsMKal´tzaKtzaCabuK<lKYrRbRBwtþ

buK<lenaHCabuK<lKWeKKb|IeBalza ²GñkkMuKb|IeBalBakü

eZVInUvsmNZm(eLIy eRBaHPikú¡enaH dl´RBmedayóbnisS&y én

y¨agenH dl´buK<lenaHeLIy eRBaHza kalebIy¨agdUecñH sUm|I

RBHGrhtþ eRBaHehtuenaH kalRTg´TUnμannUvPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

vibsSnaTaMgLay

k*Kb|ICavibsSna

nwgPikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ ehtudUecñaH kñúgsasnaenH Gñk

k*sUm|IkñúgvibsSna

Kb|IsikSay¨aenHza citþrbs´GatμaGj nwgtaMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

TaMgLay manevTnanubsSnaCaedIm sUm|IbfmCÄan k*minmanEdrç

enAedaylÁ TaMgBYkGkuslZm(d*lamk k*minekIteLIg RKbsg,t´

mincaM:c´eBalzVIdl´QanTaMgLay manTutiyCÄanCaedImç eRBaH

citþ:neLIy dUecñHç mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agdUecñHÉg³ . k*

ehtuenaH

mUlsmaZi RtwmEtPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy edayGMNacén

mankayanubsSnaCaedIm

EdlRbkbedayctuk,CÄan

nig

bJ©k,CÄanç

GñkkMu:nRbkan´ nUvRtwmEtRsemalénBüJ¢n;

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 277 .

ehIy

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 276 .


visuTÆimK< ERb citþEdlfitenAxagkñúg

215

KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

216

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´Pikú¡

za nUvsmaZiRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg dUecñHCaedIm³ dUecñH

enaH edayRBHOvaTenH . bnÞab´GMBIenaH edIm|IsMEdgnUvRBHbMNg

ehIy kalRTg´sMEdgnUvRBhμvihard*essmankruNaCaedIm Edl

za ²Pikú¡enaH mindl´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ edaysmaZimanRbmaN

CaRbZan dl´Pikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²Pikú¡Kb|IeZVI nUvkarcMerInsmaZi

bu¨eNÑH Kb|IjúaMgsmaZienaHocMerIny¨agenH³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

edayGMNacénctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn‘smaZi’ edayGMNacénemtþa dl´Pikú¡enaH y¨ag

déT³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa

enH za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa citþrbs´Gñk taMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

smaZienH CaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy

enAlÁehIy

y¨agenHç

TaMgBYkGkuslZm(

sg,t´citþ:nç

d*lamk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH

k*minekIteLIg

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

RKb za

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

za

²ecetavimutþi RbkbedaykruNa CaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

²ecetavimutþi Rbkbedayemtþa nwgCaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

ehIy

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy :neZVIodUcCayanehIy :ntMkl´

RTg´sMEdgnUvkarcMerInnUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan Edlmanemtþa

s)b´ehIy

:nR:rBÆlÁehIy³

CaedIm CaRbZan y¨agenHrYcehIy edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvsmaZiEdl

mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenHcuH ³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

manGnubsSna 4 mankayanubsSnaCaedIm CaRbZan eTIbRTg´

Rtas´bnþeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa smaZienH KWGñk:ncMerIn

Rtas´nUvRBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH CaKuN

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy y¨agenHç

CatiKWGñk:ncMerInehIy

dUecñHç

:nRbRBwtþer]y>

:nsnSMTuk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH GñkKYr

cMerInnUvsmaZienHEdlRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg .l.

Gñk

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkbedayóebk¡apg³ dUecñH .

:neZVIoeRcInehIyÇÇdz

dUecñHCaedImç

luHRBHmanRBHPaK

:neZVIoeRcInehIyy¨agenHç

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenH za ²GatμaGj nwgCaGñkman kiriyaBicarNanUvkaykñúgkayenA³ dUecñHCaedIm eTIbRTg´júaMgPikú¡

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIénRBHOvaTenaHza ; RBHmanRBHPaK

enaH osmaTannUvRBHZm(eTsna edayCakMBUlKWRBHGrhtþ za

luHRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa mUlsmaZienH CaKuN

²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH nwgCaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerIn

Cati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy edayGMNacénemtþa y¨agenHç kúñgkal

ehIy nwg:ncMerInlÁehIyy¨agenH mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH Gñk

enaH

edaysmaZimanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

nwgeTA kñúgTINa> GñknwgenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgQrenA

kaljúaMgmUlsmaZienH odl´nUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúg

kñúgTINa> GñknwgQrenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgGg<úy kñúg

GarmμN¾TaMgLaydéT ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ Kb|IcMerIn edayn&ymann&y

TINa>

GñkkMudl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

GñknwgGg<úysb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgseRmckaredk


visuTÆimK< ERb

217

kñúgTINa> GñknwgseRmckaredksb|ay kñúgTIenaH>³ dUecñH .

218

RBhμviharnieTÞs

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH y¨agenH / ³ .

eqøIyza

eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦a 3 manemtþaCaedIm bNÐitKb|I

²eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH CaóbnisS&yénviemak¡enaH>³ . EmnBit

RCabza ²Catik,CÄanika nig ctuk,CÄanika ‘KWRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 3

stVTaMgLay rEmgCarbs´minbdikUl sMrab´RBHeyaKI Gñkman

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ç

kiriyaenAedayemtþa . lMdab´enaH kalRBHeyaKI Gñkmankiriya

cMENkóebk¡abNÐitKb|IRCabza ²CaGvessÉkCÄanika‘KWRbRBwtþ

enAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgQanEtmYyd*ess’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ .

CaedIm EdlCaBN(d*brisuTÆ minbdikUl eRBaHkiriyazñwkedayvtæú

manemtþaCaedIm

k*Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLay

KWRBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´cMENkehIy

kñúgGPiZmμ

ÉeNaHdUcKñaEdr .

RbmUlnUvcitþ

kñúgBN(TaMgLaymanBN(ex[v

EdlminbdikUl citþ EtgsÞúHeTAkñúgvNÑksiNenaH edaymin:c´ RBYyeLIy . emtþaCaóbnisS&yénsuPviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

‘Gb|mJ¦amanGanuPaBepSgKña’ ‘195’ bNiÐtKb|IRCabza Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaH sUm|Ifit enAehIy eday 2 Epñk edayGMNacéntik,CÄan ß ctuk,CÄan 1

eBalmkenHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

bnÞab´GMBIemtþaenaHmk

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eTIb:nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´emtþaenaH

za ²mansuPviemak¡ y¨agéRkElg³ .

edayGMNacénGvessÉkCÄan1 dUc:neBalmkehIyenH man

sMrab´RBHeyaKIGñkmankiriyaenAedaykruNa GñkBicarNa

GanuPaBd*viess mindUcKña edayGMNacénviemak¡ mansuPviemak¡

eXIjc|as´

d*éRkElgCaedIm . EmnBit Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

vayehIyedaydMbgCaedIm eTas kñúgrUb KWCaeTasEdldwgc|as´

sMEdg oviess kñúghliTÞvsnsURt edayGMNacviemak¡ man

ehIy eRBaHekItmankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénkruNa . tmk eRBaHPav;

suPviemak¡ d*éRkElgCaedIm .

dUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

énrUbEdlxøÜndwgR:kdehIyzaCaeTas kalRBHeyaKIn@uH ebIknUv

Pikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAemtþaecetavimutþi za mansuPviemak¡d*éRk

ksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN manbfvIksiNCaedImehIy

Elg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAkruNaecetavimutþi za man

RbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgGakasCaeRK]grlas´ecalnUvrUbç citþ Etg

GakasanJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt

sÞúHeTA kñúgGakasenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy . kruNa Ca

ehAmuTitaecetavimutþi za manviJ¦aNJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg

óbnisS&y énGakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:neBal

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKtehAóebk¡aecetavimutþi za manGakiJ©-

mkenH

J¦aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg³ . sYrza ²cuHeRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBH

ehtuenaH

nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stV

bnÞab´GMBIkruNaenaHeTA

manrUbsøaksñamEdlbuK<l

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eRBaH

kruNaenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man


visuTÆimK< ERb

219

GakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ .

220

RBhμviharnieTÞs

minman tambrmtæ RbRBwtþknøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:n

cMENkÉ citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedaymuTita

sMercehIyedaylMdab´ ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgkarminman én

GñkBicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUvviJ¦aN rbs´BYkstVEdlmanesckþI

viJ¦aNEdlCabrmtæ kñúgZmμCatEdlKμan edaysPav;ç citþ Etg

rIkrayekIteLIgehIy

edayehtuénesckþIrIkrayenaH>

rEmgCa

sÞúHeTA kñúgkarminmanénviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy .

citþR:kdc|as´ehIy

kñúgkarkan´yknUvviJ¦aN

eRBaHekItman

óebk¡a CaóbnisS&y énGakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

kiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénmuTita . bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbRBwtþ

eBalmkehIyenH

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:nsMercehIy edaylMdab´

eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡a eTIbRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man

ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ

GakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ edayRbkardUecñH .

kñúgviJ¦aN

Edlmannimitþ

KWGakasCa

GarmμN¾ç citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH’ EtgsÞúHeTA kñúgviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy. muTita CaóbnisS&yénviJ¦aNJ©aytn

bnÞab´GMBIóebk¡aenaH

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeTç

‘Gb|mJ¦aeZVIklüaNZm(obribUr’ bNÐitRCab

nUvGanuPaBénGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH

edayGMNac

bnÞab´GMBImuTitaenaHeTA

énviemak¡mansuPviemak¡d*éRkElgCaedIm y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRCab

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT eRBaHehtuenaH muTitaenaH :nCaRBHman

nUvGb|mJ¦aTaMgGs´enaH mþgeT[t za ²CaKuNCati bMeBjnUvBYk

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²manviJ¦aNJ©aytnviemak¡y¨agéRkElg³ .

klüaNZm(RKb´y¨ag manTanCaedIm obribUr³ dUecñH . EmnBit

viemak¡

edayn&yEdl:neBalmkenHç

cMENk citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedayóebk¡a

RBHmhastVTaMgLay

CaGñkmancitþRbRBwtþeTAesμI

eRBaHPav;Ca

rEmgCacitþd*lM:k kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvZmμCatEdlminman eRBaH

GñkmanGZüaRs&yCaRbeyaCn¾ cMeBaHstVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPaB

Pav;CaGñkRBegIykenþIy kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ rbs´Gñk

CaGñkGt´RTaMmin:nnUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPav;

déT mansux nig Tuk¡CaedIm

eRBaHminmanesckþIkgVl´ za ²stV

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkarfitenA Gs´kalyUr cMeBaHsm|tþi

TaMgLaycUrCastVdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux ß ßza stVTaMgLay

viessrbs´stVTaMgLaypg nig eRBaHPaBminmankarZøak´cuHeTA

cUrrYccakTuk¡ mYyvijeT[t stVTaMgLaycUrkMuR:scakesckþIsux

kñúgbkSBYk kñúgsBVstVTaMgLaypg RTg´bMeBjnUv:rmITaMgLay

Edldl´RBmehIy³ dUecñH .

bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH man

y¨agenH KW ; ‘1’ RTg´oTan EdlCaehtuénesckþIsux cMeBaH

citþzñwk kñúgkiriyaRBegIykenþIy cMeBaHkarkan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ én

sBVstVTaMgLay minRTg´eZVInUvkarEbgEck za ²KWGatμaGj KYro

buK<ldéT nig CaGñkmancitþlM:k kñúgkarkan´yknUvZmμCatEdl

dl´CnenH minKYrodl´CnenHeT³ dUecñHç ‘2’

RTg´lHbg´ nUvKMnMu


visuTÆimK< ERb

221

KMukYn cMeBaHtVTaMgLayenaH smaTannUvsIlç ‘3’ RTg´Kb´rknUv enk¡mμ edIm|IjúaMgsIloeBjbribUrç

CaRbeyaCn¾rbs´stVTaMgLayç ‘5’ RTg´R:rBÆnUvesckþIBüayam Canic© edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stVTaMgLayç ‘6’ mYyeT[t ebITukCadl´ehIynUvesckþIekø{vkøa edayGMNacesckþI Büayamd*x¬g´x¬s´ k*RTg´Gt´nUveTaskMhusmanRbkarepSg> dl´ stVTaMgLayEdrç

manRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgecjehIy bnÞab´BIRBhμvihar RBHeyaKIGñk R:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakasanJ©aytn; CadMbUg eXIjnUveTaskñúg krCrUb

edayGMNacéneTas

mankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImpg

énGaBaZTaMg 1ç000 maneraKkñúgEPñk nig Rtec[k CaedImenHpg eRBaH:LIza ²k*karkan´ykdMbg kan´yknUveRK]gs®sþa CMelaH karRbkan´xus nigkarTas´ETgKñaTaMgLay CaCMelaHdl´rUb rEmg

ehIy za ²eyIgnwgoTanenH dl´GñkTaMgLay nwgeZVInUvrbs´enH

R:kdEmnBit bu¨EnþeTasmankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImn@uH minman

dl´GñkTaMgLay³ dUecñH oeXø{gXøateLIyç ‘8’ RTg´CaGñkman

eLIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg kúñgGarUb|Qan RBHeyaKIenaHBicarNa

esckþIGZidðanminkeRmIk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stV

eXIj y¨agenHehIy CaGñkRbtibtþiedIm|IesckþIen]yNay edIm|I

TaMgLayenaHç ‘9’ RTg´CaGñkmankiriyaeZVImun edayemtþa mino

R:scakteRmk edIm|IrMlt´ nUvrUbTaMgLayEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy

eXø{gXøatcMeBaHstVTaMgenaHç ‘10’ EtminRTg´nwkR:zñanUvóbkar;

júaMgctutæCÄanoekIteLIgkñúgksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN

tbvij

rhUtdl´RTg´bMeBjnUvklüaNZ(m

9 manbfvIksiNCaedIm elIkElgEtGakasksiNEdlkMNt´

TaMgLayRKb´y¨ag epSgedayBlJ¦aN 10 evsarC¢J¦aN 4

ehIy edIm|IknøgnUvkrCrUbenaH . EmnBit krCrUb CaGarmμN¾

GsaZarNJ¦aN 6 nig BuTÆZm( 18 oeBjbribUr . Gb|mJ¦a

EdlRBHeyaKIenaHknøgehIy

TaMgLayn@uHÉg CaKuNCatibMeBj nUvklüaNZm(TaMgGs´ man

k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH sUm|IksiNrUbk*mankrCrUbenaH

TanCaedImobribUr y¨agenHÉg .

CaeRK]geRb[beZ[bEdr eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

dUecñH

minRTg´júaMgesckþIebþC\a

‘196’ cMENkÉ kñúgGrUbkmμdðanTaMgLay 4 EdlRBH

EdlxøÜneZVI

edayóebk¡a

‘7’

‘GakasanJ©aytn;’

‘4’ RTg´CRmHnUvbJ¦a opUr

pg´ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´esckþIminvegVg kñúgRbeyaCn¾ nig minEmn

Garub|nieTÞs

222

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

briecäT TI9 eQμaH RBhμviharnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna

enaH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iknøg nUvksiNrUbenaHÉg . sYrza ²knøg

kñúgbkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy

edayRbkardUecñH / ³ . eqøIyza ²dUcCabursxøacBs´ RtUvBs´kñúg

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray ‘cb´ehIy’ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

éRBedjtam rt´eTAy¨agel]n eXIjnUvsøwketñatEdlviciRteday KMnUrkþI nUvvløikþI nUvExSkþI

BMuenaHesat nUvRkEhgénEpndIEdlEbk


visuTÆimK< ERb

223

RkEhgehIykþI kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´ehIy rwgrwtEtxøacrwgrwtEttk´søút CaGñkminR:zñaedIm|IeXIjvtæúenaHeLIy y¨agNamij . mYyeT[t eRb[bdUcCaburs enAkñúgRsukmYy CamYynwgbursmaneB[r GñkeZVI

224

Garub|nieTÞs mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IBN(naesckþIeRb[beZ[b manEq,Edl

RtUvRCUkéRBexVH nig bursEdlxøacexμacCaedIm kñúgkrCrUbn@uHcuH . RBHeyaKIenaH en]yNay cakksiNrUbEdlCaGarmμN¾

nUvesckþIvinas RtUvbursmaneB[renaH cUleTARbTUsþehIy eday

rbs´ctutæCÄanenaH

karsmøab´ karcab´cg nig kardutpÞHCaedIm eTAkan´RsukdéT edIm|I

eTA CaGñksÞat´CMnaj edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyecjcak

RbeyaCn¾dl´karrs´enA

sMeLg

ctutæCÄan CarU:vcr EdlsÞat´CMnajehIy eXIjnUveTas kñúg

nigkarehArkRbEhlKñanwgbursmaneB[r kñúgRsukenaHeT[t ehIy

QanenaH za ²ctutæCÄanenH eZVInUvrUb EdlGatμaGjen]yNay

k*rwgrwtEtxøac

CaGñkminR:zñacg´eXIjnUvburs

ehIy oCaGarmμN¾³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CasRtUv dl´

enaHesaHeLIy y¨agNamij . enHCaesckþIeRb[beZ[b nUvPaB

esamnsSd*Cit³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CaQaneRKatRKat

énesckþIeRb[bpÞwm kñúgkrCrUbenaH .

Cagviemak¡d*lÁit³ dUecñHpg .

k*eXIjnUvburs

rwgrwtEttk´søút

EdlmanrUb

y¨agenHehIy

CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iec[secj

EmnBit kalCaTIRBmeRB[gedaykrCrUb edayGMNacén

k*kñúgGarUb|CÄann@uH minmanGg<EdleRKatRKateT . Emn

GarmμN¾ rbs´Pikú¡ dUcCakalEdlbursTaMgLayenaH RtUvBs´ ß

Bit ctutæCÄan CarU:vcrenH RbkbedayGg< 2 hñwgÉg y¨agNaç

RtUvbursmaneB[r cUleTARbTUsþehIy . kalEdlPikú¡ RbRBwtþ

sUm|IGarUbCÄanTaMgLay k*RbkbedayGg< 2 k*y¨agenaHEdr .

knøgnUvkrCrUb:n

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

dUcCakar

‘ebIkksiN’

EdlbursTaMgenaH rt´eTAy¨agel]n nig eTAkan´RsukdéTeT[t .

RBHeyaKIenaH luHeXIjnUveTas kñúgrU:vcrctutæCÄanenaH

Pav;énPikú¡kMNt´nUvksiNrUbhñwgÉgza ²ksiNrUbenHmancMENk

y¨agenHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIRsLaj´ eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGaka-

eRb[bedaykrCrUbEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy R:zñaedIm|IRbRBwtþknøg nUv

sanJ©aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit ehIypSayksiNeTA rhUt

ksiNrUbenaHÉg

eXIjnUvvtæú

dl´TIbMputéncRkvaL ß rhUtdl´TIEdlxøÜnR:zña ehIyeZVITukkñúg

EdlRsed[gBs´ mansøwketñatEdlviciRtehIy edayKMnUrCaedIm

citþnUvOkasEdlksiNrUbenaHpSayeTAdl´za ²Gakas³ dUecñHkþI

nig nUvbursCaGñkR:kdesμIedaybuK<lmaneB[r kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´

za ²Gakas KμanTIbMput³ dUecñHkþI eTIbebIknUvksiN:n . k*RBH

eTAehIy nig kñúgRsukmYy ehIyP&yxøac nig minR:zñaedIm|ICYb

eyaKI kalebIknUvksiN minmUr dUcCabuK<lmUrkenÞlEpgeT min

RbTHeLIy .

erIeLIg dUcCabuK<lelIkeLIg nUvnMGMBIGMEbgeT RKan´EtElgnwkna

dUcCaPav;énbursTaMgLayenaH


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226

Garub|nieTÞs

ElgeZVITukkñúgcitþ ElgBicarNanUvksiNenaHbu¨eNÑaHç RBHeyaKI

EGbs)b´ kñúgksiNTaMgLaymanbfvIksiNCaedIm . EmnBit

kalminnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa Etza eZVITukkñúgcitþnUv

sUm|IkñúgGakasanJ©aytnQanenH Cv&nTaMgLaybI ß bYn kñúg

OkasEdlksiNrUbenaH Bal´RtUvehIy edayBit za ²Gakas

cMENkxagedIm Cakamavcr sm|yutþedayóebk¡aevTnahñwgÉg .

Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHzaebIknUvksiN . sUm|IksiN kalRtUv

Cv&n TI 4 ß Cv&n TI 5 CaGrU:vcr .

RBHeyaKIebIk

eBalmkehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

k*minEmnrbUteLIg

minEmnx©at´x©ayeLIy

Ca

ZmμCatEdlGaRs&ynUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ dl´ksiNrUbenH nig eZVI

Baküd*ess mann&ydUc

‘esckþIepSgKñakñúgGakasanJ©aytn;’

Tukkñúgcitþ za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eTIbeQμaHza RtUv:nebIk

cMENkesckþIepSgKña dUcteTAenH . kalebIGrU:vcrcitþ

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaH . karebIkksiNzaGakasbu¨eNÑaH EtgR:kd .

ekIteLIgehIy y¨agenHç Pikú¡enaH kalsMLwgemIlnUvmNÐl én

BaküTaMgGs´enH za ²karebIknUvksiNzaGakas³ dUecñHkþI

ksiN edayQanckú¡ kñúgkalmun enAehIyç kalebInimitþenaH

za ²GakasRtUvksiNBal´RtUvehIy³ dUecñHkþI za ²GakasEdl

RtUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμ za ²Gakas Gakas³ enH naMecj

sáat´cakksiN³ dUecñHkþI CaBaküEtmYyEmnBit .

ehIy edayrh&sç k*enAsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg eRb[bdUc

‘óbcar;

CabursGñkcgnUvmat´NamYy kñúgcMeNammat´TaMgLay manmat´

nig

Gb|na’ nUvksiNuK¹adikasnimitþ

yan mat´BagtUc nig mat´qñaMgCaedIm edaykMNat´sMBt´B(N

enaH za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHza eZVIoeTACanimitþEdl

ex[v ß edaykMNat´sMBt´BN(ÉNamYy bNþaBN(TaMgLay

esckIþRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

oeTACanimitþEdlesckþInwkRtiHriH

manBN(el]g BN(Rkhm nig BN(-s CaedIm ehIysMLwg

sÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH BicarNaer]y> y¨agenH

emIlç kalebIkMNat´sMBt´ RtUvkMLaMgxül´ ß RtUvvtæúNanImYy

kaleZVIoeTACanimitþEdlesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

naMykeTAehIy eQμaHza QrsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg y¨ag

RBHeyaKIenaH

BicarNaer]y>

EdlesckþInwkRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIyç

oCanimitþ

nIvrNZm(TaMgLay

rEmg

dUecñaHÉg .

sáb´rmáab´:n sti rEmgtaMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmgtaMgenAmaM eday

k*Pikú¡enaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²cUleTAsMerc

óbcar;. RBHeyaKIenaHesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaHer]y>.

dl´GakasanJ©aytn; ehIyenA edayeZVITukkñúgcitþza ; Gakas

kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH BicarNa eZVITukkñúgcitþ er]y> y¨agenHç

Gakas dUecñH eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH

GakasanJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbs)b´ BÆd*Gakas dUcCarU:vcrcitþ

dl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

227

228

Garub|nieTÞs bTza ²smtik,ma³ esckþIza eRBaHR:scakteRmk nig

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg ³ dUecñH .

‘EksBVesa’ kñúg:f;TaMgenaH bTza ²sBVesa³ KWedayGakarTaMgBYg. esckþIza ²TaMgGs´ ß minmanesss´³ .

eRBaHrlt´ . sYrza ²manGZib|aydUcemþc / ³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaH R:scakteRmk nig eRBaHrlt´ KWeRBaHehtuénkarR:scakraK; nig eRBaHehtuénkarrlt´ nUvrUbsJ¦a eBalKWQan 15 eday

‘EkrUbsJ¦anM’

GMNacénkusl vi:k nig kiriyaTaMgenaH nig nUvrUbsJ¦a eBal

bTza ²rUbsJ¦anM³ :ndl´nUvrU:vcrQanEdl:neBal

KWGarmμN¾ 9 TaMgenaH edayGMNacénksiN manbfvIksiN

ehIy edayRbZanKWsJ¦apg nig nUvGarmμN¾rbs´rU:vcrQan

CaedIm edayGakar;TaMgBYg ß minmanesssl´ eTIbcUleTA

enaHpg . EmnBitsUm|IrU:vcrQan k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

sMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;ehIyenA . eRBaHza RBHeyaKIEdl

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²buK<l:nnUvrUbCÄan

manrUbsJ¦aminTan´:nknøgehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg k*minGac

rEmgeXIjnUvrUbTaMgLay

dUecñHç

edIm|IcUleTAsMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;enaHehIyenA:neT³ .

sUm|IGarmμN¾ rbs´rU:vcrQanenaH k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvsJ¦a minmandl´RBHeyaKIGñkminTan´R:scak

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLayza ²buK<lBYkxøH eXIjnUvBYkrUb

raK;ehIykñúgGarmμN¾ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH bu¨Enþ kalebI

xageRkA EdlmanBN(lÁ nig BN(GaRkk´ ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sJ¦aTaMgLayRbRBwtþknøgeTAehIyç GarmμN¾ k*CaZmμCatRbRBwtþ

‘1’ ‘mannIlksiNCaedIm’³

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIenH BaküenHza ²esckþIsMKal´kñúgrUb

knøgeTAehIydUcKñaEdr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBH

eQμaHza rUbsJ¦a³ dUecñH Kb|IRCabza CaeQμaH énrU:vcrQan

d*manRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´ehIy nUvkarRbRBwtiþknøg nUvGarmμN¾

Edlelak:neBalehIyedayyksJ¦aCaRbZan y¨agenHÉg.

kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHeT

rUb CasJ¦aénGarmμN¾enaH eRBaHehtuenaH GarmμN¾enaH eQμaHza

sJ¦abu¨eNÑaH kñúgviPg< y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

rUbsJ¦a . GZib|ayza ²rUb CaeQμaH énQanenaH³ . k*bNÐit

etIdUcemþc/

Kb|IRCabza BaküenaH CaeQμaH énGarmμN¾ énrU:vcrQanenaH

rbs´buK<lGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrsmabtþikþI

epSgedayksiN manbfvIksiNCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’

‘Eksmtik,ma’ 1–

2- suÇ mÇ mÇ

PaKTI 24 TMB&rTI 163-164 .

karsMKal´

RTg´Rtas´EtkarRbRBwtiþknøg

GakarsMKal´

kþI

PaBénkarsMKal´

nUv

Na

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúgbc©úb|nñ

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’kþIç enH ehAza rUbsJ¦aç buK<lCaGñkknøg RbRBwtþknøg Qanknøg nUvrUbsJ¦aTaMgenH eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIb


visuTÆimK< ERb

229

eBalza ²eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edaysBVRKb´ ‘1’ ³ .

230

Garub|nieTÞs

GñkcUlrU:vcrCÄan manbfmCÄanCaedIm eRBaHza kñúgsm&yenaH

bu¨Enþ ‘GrU:vcr’ smabtþiTaMgLayn@uH KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:n

citþ rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénbJ©TVar k*BitEmnç kal

sMerc edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ mindUcCarU:vcrQanTaMg

ebImanRbkardUecñH kareBalnUvbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH kñúgGaka-

LaymanbfmCÄanCaedIm KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:nsMerc kñúgGarmμN¾

sanJ©aytnkzaenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkareBal

EtmYybu¨eNÑaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH esckþIBN(naenH

sresIrnUvQanenH edIm|IjúaMgesckþIxμIXμatoekIteLIg kñúgQan

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

enH dUcCakareBalnUvsux nig Tuk¡ TaMgLay EdlRBHeyaKIlH

²KWelakeZVIehIy

edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþi

knøgnUvGarmμN¾hñwgÉg³ .

bg´:nehIy kñúgQandéT kñúgctutæCÄan nig dUcCakareBal nUv

‘EkbdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma’

TidðiTaMgLaymansk,ayTidðiCaedIm EdlRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy

BIrbTza ²bdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma³ esckþIza karsMKal´

kñúgmK<déT kñúgttiymK< . mYyeT[t sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman

EdlekIteLIgRBmehIy eRBaHkiriyab¨HnUvvtæúTaMgLay manckú¡ Ca

sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKIGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrCÄanehIy k*BitEmn EtebI

edIm nignUvGarmμN¾TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHzabdiXsJ¦a .

TukCadUecñaH sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH rEmgminman eRBaHPav;énsJ¦a

Baküza bdiXsJ¦an@uH CaeQμaH énsJ¦aTaMgLay manrUbsJ¦a

TaMgenaH KWRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy k*eTEdr . eRBaHza karcMerIn

CaedIm . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²bNþasJ¦aTaMg

rU:vcrCÄan minRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakteRmkkñúgrUb . cMENk

enaH bdiXsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ KW rUbsJ¦a sTÞsJ¦a KnÆsJ¦a

karRbRBwtþieTA énrU:vcrPavnaTaMgLayn@uH CaZmμCatidittamrUb .

rssJ¦a epadðBVsJ¦a sJ¦aTaMgenH ehAza bdiXsJ¦a ‘2’ ³ .

cMENk PavnaenH RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakraK;kñúgrUb . eRBaH

eRBaHdl´nUv

ehtuenaH nwgeBalza ²bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBHeyaKIlH

kartaMgenAmin:n KWeRBaHlHbg´ eRBaHminekIteLIgRBm GZib|ay

bg´:nehIy kñúgGarUbTI1 enH³ dUecñH k*KYr nig minEmnRtwmEt

za eRBaHeZVIminoRbRBwtþeTA énbdiXsJ¦aTaMg 10 enaH eday

eBalbu¨eNÑaHeLIy sUm|IRTRTg´esckþITuk y¨agenH edaycMENk

RbkarTaMgBYg

mYyhñwgÉg k*KYrEdr .

‘RBHeyaKIcUldl´GakasanJ©aytnCÄan’

dUecñHKW

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay

5

Cakuslvi:k

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay 5 CaGkuslvi:k . bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKavcr 1- 2- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 286 .

k*eRBaHbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBH

eyaKIlHminTan´:n kñúgQanmun GMBQ I anenHenaHÉg RBHman RBHPaKRtas´za ²sMeLg Cabnøa rbs´GñkcUlbfmCÄan ‘1’ ³ . 1- suÇ GMÇ TÇ PaTI 50 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb cMENkkñúgGarUb|CÄanenH

231

GarUbsmabtíþTaMgLay

232

Garub|nieTÞs

RBHd*manRBH

sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 11 sJ¦a CaGkuslvi:k 2 sJ¦a

PaKRTg´Rtas´zaCaKuNCatminjab´j&r nig CaKuNCatrYcRsLH

Cakamavcrkiriya 11 CasJ¦amanPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg>

ehIyedayesckþIsáb´

KWRBH

minesμIKñanwgKñaeT eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH sJ¦aTaMgenaH

eyaKIlHbg´:nehIy EmnBit . dUcGaLartabskalameKaRt

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²nantþsJ¦a³ . eRBaHmineZVITuk

cUlGarUbsmabtþi min:neXIjreTHcMnYn 500 Edlqøgkat´eTA

kñúgcitþ KWeRBaHminnwkna eRBaHminTTUcnwk eRBaHminBicarNa nUv

ehIyenAEk|r > nig min»TaMgsMeLgreTHenaHeT[tpg dUecñHÉg .

nantþsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH

eRBaHPav;énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH

‘EknantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara’ BIrbTza

edayRbkarTaMgBYg

.

GZib|ayza

²RBHeyaKI minnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvsJ¦aTaMg

²nantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara³ esckþIza eRBaH

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsJ¦aTaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾man

enaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH ‘RBHeyaKIenaH cUleTAsMerc QanenH ehIyenA’³ .

‘esckþIepSgén:f;’

PaBepSg> ß nUvsJ¦aTaMgLayEdlmansPaBepSg> . EmnBit sJ¦aTaMgenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´EvkEjkehIy kñúgviPg<

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabza ; kñúgsJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH nantþsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ esckþI

nig bdiXsJ¦a mankñúgkalmun rEmgminman sUm|IkñúgPB Edl

sMKal´

ekItehIy edayQanenHEmnBit caM:c´niyayzVI kñúgkalCaTI

GakarsMKal´

PaBénkarsMKal´

Na

rbs´buK<lGñk

min:ncUlkan´ ‘rUbsmabtþi’ CaGñkRBmeRB[g edaymenaZatukþI

cUleTAsMercnUvQanenH

CaGñkRBmeRB[gedaymenaviJ¦aNZatukþI

eRBaHehtuenaH

enHehAza

nantþsJ¦a

ehIyenA

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

kñúgPBenaH

eRBaHehtuNaç

RTg´Rtas´karminmanEmnBit

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç sJ¦a EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgykehIy kñúg

énrUbsJ¦a nig bdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH Ca 2 Epñk za ²eRBaHRbRBwtþ

TIenH CasJ¦ase®g<aHcUlkñúgmenaZatu ß menaviJ¦aNZatu énRBH

knøg eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n³ dUecñH . bu¨EnþkñúgnantþsJa¦

eyaKIGñkmin:ncUlsmabtþi

kñúgGarmμN¾Edl

TaMgLay sJ¦aTaMgLay 27 enH KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl

manPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg> EdlepSgKña edayrUb nig

8 sJ¦a Cakiriya 9 sJ¦a CaGkusl 10 rEmgman kñúgPB

sMeLgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t sUm|IsJ¦aTaMg 44 enH

EdlekItehIy

y¨agenH

bNiÐtKb|IRCabza RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²eRBaHmineZVITuk

1- GPiÇ viÇ

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 8 sJ¦a CaGkusl 12 PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 287 .

edayQanenH

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH³ dUecñHÉg . EmnBitsUm|IkúñgPBenaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

233

234

Garub|nieTÞs

‘EkGakasanJ©aytnM’

RBHeyaKI kalcUleTAsMercnUvQanenH eQμaHza cUleTAsMerc

cMENkkñúg:f;enHza

ehIyenA eRBaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaHhñwgÉg .

²cUlkan´GakasanJ©aytn;sMerc

EtRBHeyaKI kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH eQμaHza Ca

«riyabz³ manGtævieRKaHza TIbMputénGakasenaH minman eRBaH

Gñkmin:ncUlQaneT .

ehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput . Gakas minman TIbMput eQμaHzaGakasminmanTIbMput . GakasminmanTIbMputhñwg

‘esckþIedayseg¡b’ bu¨EnþbNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIGZib|ay edayseg¡b kúñgbT

Ég eQμaHzaGakasanJ©;‘GakasminmanTIbMput’ . GakasanJ©

TaMgenaH za ; RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ nUvkarlHnUvkamavcrZ(m

enaH

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edaybTenHza ²eRBaHRbRBwtþknøg nUvrUbsJ¦a

GaRs&y’

TaMgLay³ dUecñHç RTg´Rtas´karlH nig karmineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvcitþ

edaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza ²TICaTIenAéneTvtaTaMgLay³ dUecñH

nig ectsik EdlCakamavcrTaMgLayTaMgBYg edaybTenH za

eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIb:neQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn;

²eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay eRBaHmin

‘QanmanGakasminmanTIbMputCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküza ²cUl

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgLay³ dUecñH .

kan´ÇÇÇenA³

‘EkGnenþa Gakaesa’

‘GakasminmanTIbMputenaH’ edayGtæza

esckþIza

eQμaHza

Gaytn;

CaTIenAGaRs&yénQanenH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘CaTIenA

EdlRbkb

dl´nUvGakasanJ©aytn;

enaHehIy KWjúaMgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHosMercehIyenA eday

kñúg:f;za ²GakasminmanTIbMput³ enH manviniqä&ydUct

Zm(CaeRK]genA eday«riyabzd*smKYr dl´QanenaH .

eTAenH . TIbMputénkarekIteLIgkþI TIbMputénkarsabsUnüeTAkþI min

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakasanJ©aytnkmμdðan .

manR:kd dl´GakasenaH eRBaHehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza

‘viJ¦aNJ©aytn;’

minmanTIbMput . GakasCaTIebIknUvksiNelakehAzaGakas .

‘197’ cMENkÉRBHeyaKI GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvviJ¦aN-

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énTIminmanTIbMput kñúgGakasenaH

J©aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþehIy kñúgGakasanJ©a-

edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþk*:n . eRBaHehtudUecñHÉg :nCa

ytnsmabtþi

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²Pikú¡tMkl´ taMgTuk

GakasanJ©aytn;za ²smabtþienH CasRtUvdl´GrU:vcrCÄan d*

nUvcitþ

Cit nig CaKuNCatd*lÁit dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; k*eTEdr³ dUecñH

kñúgGakasenaH

pSayeTAkan´TIEdlminmanTIbMput

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza GakasminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH .

eRBaH

ehIy

edayGakar;TaMgLay

5

eXIjnUveTas

kñúg

RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

235

236

Garub|nieTÞs

ehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; edayzaCaKuNCatd*lÁit

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH manGZib|ayza sUm|IQan k*

Kb|IrMBwgemIlnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA

pSayeTAkan´GakasenaH

eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza Gakasa-

ehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNaCaer]y> za ²viJ¦aN viJ¦aN³

nJ©aytn; tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgkalmun . BitEmnehIy

dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

o

CaZmμCat KWesckþIKitriHrk sÞÜyeLIgehIy .

²GakasminmanTIbMputpg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

bu¨Enþ minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanTIbMput minmanTIbMput³

‘TIenAGaRs&y’

eRBaHGtæzaCaTIenAGaRs&y

dUcCa

eTvaytn;

dUecñHeT . kalRBHeyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþ

‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´BYkeTvta eRBaHGakasanJ©aytn;enaH Ca

enaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLay k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti EtgtaMg

GarmμN¾rbs´GarUbCÄan TI1 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunnu@HÉg . n&y

enAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨ag

za ²GakasanJ©;pg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;‘CaTI

enH viJ¦aNJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgviJ¦aN

ekIt’ edayesckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa Ca

EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas

Gaytn;‘CaTIkMeNIt’ énesHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGaka-

dUcCaGakasanJ©aytncitþ

EGbCit

sanJ©aytn;enaH CaTIedImkMeNIt rbs´QanenaHpg³ dUecñHxøH

kñúgGakas dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH bNiÐtKb|I RCab tamn&yEdleBalehIy ‘kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;n@uH’ cuH .

k*:nEdr . eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH RBHeyaKI RtUvRbRBwtþknøg TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenHÉg edayeZVI

k*edayPavnanuRkm manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH KW

minoRbRBwtþeTA nig edaymineZVITukkñúgcitþ bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUlkan´

RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;enHehIyseRmc«riyabz eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³

ehtuenaH Baküza ²knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|I

dUecñHehIycUlkan´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc«riyabz³ dUecñHÉg .

RCabza ²elakeBalehIy eZVInUvQan nig GarmμN¾TaMg 2 y¨ag

‘EkGtækñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;’ kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²edayRbkarTaMgBYg³ enHmann&y dUceyIg:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg .

cMENkkñúgBaküza ²RbRBwtþ

enaH cUlCamYyKña³ dUecñH . Rtg´Baküza ²GnnþM viJ¦aNM³ GZib|ayza RBHeyaKIeZVITuk kñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþpSayeTA y¨agenHza Gakasminman


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TIbMput dUecñHenaHÉg za ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . n&y

énQanenaH EdlRbkbRBmehIyedaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza

mYyeT[t

eTvsæan

viJ¦aNenaH

minmanTIbMput

edayGMNacénkareZVITuk

rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH

QanenaH

eTIb

kñúgcitþ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdl

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘Qan manviJ¦aN minmanTIbMput Ca

manGakasCaGarmμN¾enaH edayminmanesssl´ eQμaHza eZVI

TIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküd*ess mann&ydUcBN(na munhñwgÉg .

Tukkñúgcitþza ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNaEdl

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnkmμdðan .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg<za; Rtg´Baküza ²viJ¦aN

‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;’

minmanTIbMput³ KW Pikú¡ eZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaHGakasenaHpg Edl

‘198’

ÉRBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Bal´RtUvehIy edayviJ¦aN pSayeTAkan´TIminmanTIbMput eRBaH

Kb|ICaGñkmankarRbRBwtþisÞat´ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnsmabtþi eday

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput ‘1’³ dUecñHç bTza

Gakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyeXIjnUveTas kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn; za

²viJ¦aeNn³ kñúgBaküenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabzaCa ttiyaviP&tþi ‘eRbI’ kñúgGtæ énTutiyaviP&tþi . eRBaHRBHGdðkzacarüTaMgLay BN(na nUvesckþIénbTenaH y¨agenHÉg . manGZib|ayza ²RBHeyaKI enaH pSayeTA KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNEdlBal´RtUvnUvGakas enaHÉg EdlminmanTIbMput³ . cMENkkñúgbTmatikaza ²cUldl´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc «riyabz³ enH manGtævieRKaHza ²TIbMput énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtuenaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput .

viJ¦aN

minmanTIbMputenaHÉg eQμaHza GanJ©; . elakmin:neBal za ²viJ¦aN CaGanJ©; eQμaHza viJ¦aNanJ©;³ dUecñH ‘Et’ eBalza ²viJ¦aNJ©;³ dUecñHvij . enHÉg Cas&BÞpuseLIg kñúgGtæenH . viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHzaGaytn; edayesckþIzaCaTIenAGaRs&y 1- GPiÇ viÇ PaKTI 81

TMB&rTI 288 .

²smabtþienH mansRtUvKWGakasanJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;eT³dUecñHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; eday za CaZmμCatd*lÁit ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkarminman nUvPaBesaH sUnü nUvGakar;EdlTeT énkardwgkñúgGakasanJ©aytn; Edl CaGarmμN¾énviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaHÉg . sYrza Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUcemþc / . eqøIyza minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNenaHeT Kb|InwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa za ²minman minman³ ß za ²esaHsUnü esaHsUnü³ ß za ²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH er]y> Kb|IeZVI Tukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy oCaZmμCat KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH júaMgcitþo RbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþenaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLayk*rEmg sáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; .


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RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kal

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH RBH

RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç GakiJ©J¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit kñúg

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;

PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´ ß PaBminman énmhK<tviJ¦aN Edl

edayRbkarTaMgBYg eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanGVItictYceLIy³ cUl

RbRBwtþpSayeTAkan´GakasenaHÉg dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘citþ’

kan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

‘EkGtækñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;’

EGbEnb kñúgmhK<tviJ¦aN EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas . cMENkn&yénGb|na sUm|IkñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;enH bNÐit

sUm|IkñúgTIenH Baküza ²sBVesa³ k*mann&ydUcBN(namk

Kb|IRCabtamn&yEdleBalehIyn@uHÉg . EtenHCan&yviess .

ehIyenaHEdr . k*kñúgbTza ²viJ¦aNJ©aytnM³ enHÉg :ndl´

EmnBit kalebIGb|nacitþenaH ekIteLIgehIyç Pikú¡enaH eXIjnUv

TaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; mann&yEdl

viJ¦aN ‘esckþIdwgc|as´’ EdlRbRBwtþeTA BÆd*Gakas edayckú¡

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmundUcKñaEdr . EmnBit sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*

KWviJ¦aNJ©aytnCÄan kñúgkalmunç kalebIesckþIdwgc|as´enaH

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aN minmanTI

rlt´:t´eTAehIyç edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμza ²minman min

bMputpg viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

man³ dUecñHCaedIm k*eXIjEtPaBminman eBalKWkiriyaeTAR:s

enAGaRs&y dUcBaküza eTvsæan ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´eTvtaTaMg

énesckþIdwgc|as´enaHEtbu¨eNÑaH seRmc«riyabz eRb[bdUcburs

Lay eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaGarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TIBIrpg³

eXIjnUvPikú¡sg¹EdlRbCMuKña edaykrNIykic©NamYy kñúgTITaMg

dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg . n&ymYyEbbeT[t GarmμN¾k*eQμaHza

Lay

kñúgeBl

viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aNJ©;pg viJ¦NJ©;

eRkakeLIgehIy

enaH eQμaHza CaGaytn;edayesckþIzaCaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza

ec[secjeTAç k*mkvij QrRtg´TVar emIlnUvTIenaHeT[t k*eXIj

Ednkem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KWTIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay dUecñH

EtPaBsUnü eXIjEtPaBsáat´QwgbueNÑaHç esckþInwkKit Ebb

CaedIm eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaehtuCaTIkMeNIt rbs´QanenaH

enH minman dl´bursenaH za ²søab´ehIy! BYkPikú¡ manRbmaN

dUcKñaEdr³ dUecñHk*:n . GakiJ©J¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKIRtUvknøg

bu¨eNÑH eZVIkalkiriyaehIy ß ec[secjeTA:t´Gs´ehIy³ dUecñH

TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenH edaykarmin

ebItamBiteTA bursenaH eXIjnUvPaBminman za ²TIenHsUnü TIenH

eZVI ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ oRbRBwtþeTApg edaykarmineZVITuk

sáat´Qwg³ Etbu¨eNÑaH y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kñúgcitþ ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ pg bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUleTAsMerc

manTImNÐlCaedIm

Edlcb´kic©RbCMuhñwgÉg

ehIyk*eTAkñúgTIÉNamYyç

kalebIPikú¡TaMgLay


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sRmanþenA:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþ

rlt´ k*minmanEdr³ .

knøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²elakeBal

BaküenH CaeQμaH énkarR:scakénviJ¦aN kñúgGakasanJ©a-

rYmykQan nig GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agenaH cUlCamYyKña³ .

ytn; . GakiJ©J¦;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

Baküza ²ntiæ

Pav; énGakiJ©n; eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦; .

kiJ©i³ n@uH manGZib|ayza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

enAGaRs&y énQanenaH dUcCaBaküza eTvsæan rbs´eTvtaTaMg

y¨agenH za ²minman minman³ za ²esaHsUnü esaHsnü³ za

Lay eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn;

²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

‘QanmanPaBminmanénviJ¦aNGVItictYcCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Bakü

Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ; Rtg´bTza ²vtæútictYc minman³ KW Pikú¡

d*ess k*manesckþIdUcBakümunenaHEdr .

eZVIviJ¦aNenaHÉgminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´viJ¦aN

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytnkmμdðan .

enaHeTA rEmgeXIj za ²vtæútictYc minman³ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

BaküenaH hak´dUcCa

‘199’ cMENkRBHeyaKavcr GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerIn nUvenv-

elakeBalehIy nUvkarBicarNa edaykiriyaGs´eTA k*BitEmn

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúg

ebITukCadUecñaH esckþIénBaküenaH bNÐitKb|Iyl´ dUc:neBal

GakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi edayGakarTaMgLay 5 eXIjnUveTas

mkehIy y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI minnwkrMBwg min

kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; y¨agdUecñH za ²smabtþienH mansRtUv KW

eZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvviJ¦aNenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþEtPaBmin

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

man PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´Qwg énviJ¦aNenaHEtmüa¨gbueNÑaH

eT³ dUecñH ß ‘eXIj’ za ²sJ¦a dUcCaeraKç sJ¦a dUcCabUsç

eTIbelakehAza eZVIminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´Gs´

sJ¦a dUcCakUnsrç ZmμCatnu@H lÁitç ZmμCatnu@H RbNItç ZmμCat

eTAç minEmn edayRbkar;déTeLIy³ dUecñH .

nu@HKWGVI/ ZmμCatnu@H KWenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH nig ‘eXIj’

eBalza ²vtæútictYc minman ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

ÉkñúgBaküza ²cUlkan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³

nUvGanisgS kñúgKuNEdlx¬g´x¬s´ ‘kñúgGarUbCÄanTI4’ ehIyRKb

enH manvieRKaHza ²GVItictYc énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtu

sg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; eRscehIy eZVITuk

enaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanGVItictYc³ . GZib|ayza ²GVI

kñúgcitþ nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit Kb|Inwk

Edlesssl´ énviJ¦aNenaH edayTIbMputeTA sUm|IRtwmEtkar

rMBwgnUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþiEdleZVIPaBminmanoCaGarmμN ¾

1- GPiÇ

viÇ PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 289 .

RbRBwtþeTAenaHÉg

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ Kb|IBicarNa Caer]y> za


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²lÁit lÁit³ dUecñH Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCat KWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIg

Baküza eTvaytn; rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay eRBaHGakiJ©;enaH Ca

ehIy

kalRBH

GarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TI 3 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg .

eyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTA kñúgnimitþenaH Caer]y> y¨agenHç

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmg

²GakiJ©; pg GakiJ©; enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; ‘TIkMeNIt’ eday

taMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

esckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcCaBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KW

nUvnimitþenaH er]y> . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç envsJ¦a-

TIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGakiJ©;enaHCa

nasJ¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgxnÆTaMgLay 4

ehtuedImkMeNIt énQanenaHÉg pg³ dUecñH k*:n . envsJ¦a-

eBalKWGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;‘citþ’ EGb

nasJ¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IknøgTaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMg

Cit kñúgkareTAR:sénviJ¦aN dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na

QanTaMgGarmμN¾y¨agenH edayeZVImino ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’

kñúgGZikarenH bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yEdleBalehIyenaHcuH .

RbRBwtþeTA nig edaykarmineZVITukkñúgcitþ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’ Et

oCaZmμCat

KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy

.

KW

bu¨eNÑaH ehIyKb|IcUleTA seRmc«riyabz:n eRBaHehtuNaç

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ enH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIycUlkan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; ehIy

bNÐitKb|IRCabza elakeBalehIy eRBaHrYmykTaMgQan nig

seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agnu@H cUlCamYyKña ³ dUecñH .

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘EkGtækñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

cMENkkñúgbTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ enH GZib|ay

sUm|IkñúgTIenH bTza ²sBVesa³ enH k*mann&ydUceBal

za ²QanenH eQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; eRBaHman én

mkehIyhñwgÉg . sUm|IkñúgBaküza ²GakiJ©J¦aytnM smtik,ma³

sJ¦aNa sJ¦aenaH rEmgman dl´RBHeyaKI GñkRbtibtþiy¨ag

enH k*sMedAykTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Na kñúgviPg< edIm|IsMEdgnUvesckþIRbtibtþirbs´RBHeyaKIenaH mun

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉg . BitEmn

eTIbelakelIkeLIg za ²envsJ¦InasJI¦³ dUecñHehIy eBalza

ehIy sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

²RBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHÉg edayza

za ²GakiJ©; ‘viJ¦aN minmanGVItictYc’ pg GakiJ©;enaH eQμaHza

CaZm(lÁit cMerInsmabtþimansg¡arsl´enA eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

Gaytn; ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ edayesckþIza CaTIenAGaRs&y

elakeBalza

dUcCa

²envsJ¦InasJ¦I³ .

kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

Baküza


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²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZm(lÁit³ enaH esckþIza eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

GacarüTaMgLay CaGñkqøatEmnETn eZVInUvsil|;y¨agenH «tman

GakiJ©aytn;enaH za ²Casmabtþid*lÁit³ eRBaHmanGarmμN¾d*lÁit

Tas´eLIy³ dUecñH EtRBHraCtRmiH y¨agdUecñH za ²Ohñ@ GatμaGj

y¨agenHza ²smabtþienH lÁitGVIemø¨HeThñ@! emIlcuH smabtþiNaeTA

lHbg´raCsm|tþi

nwgeZVIsUm|InUvPaBminmanoCaGarmμN¾ ehIytaMgenA:n³ dUecñH .

dl´RBHraCaenaHeT . enaHeRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHsirIraCsm|tþiman

ebImanBaküsYrza ²RBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZ(m

KuNeRcInCag . RBHGg<RTg´knøg nUvCagsil|;TaMgLayehIy k*

d*lÁit esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman y¨agdUcemþc/³ . Kb|IeqøIyza

esþcyageTAbu¨eNÑaHÉg y¨agNamijç ÉxagRBHeyaKIenH k*y¨ag

²esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmin

dUecñaHEdr eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmabtþienaH edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit k*Bit

R:zñaedIm|InwgcUl ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’³ . EmnBit RBHeyaKI

EmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH edayzaCaZm(lÁit k*

za ²GatμaGjnwgrMBwgKit GatμaGjnwgcUl GatμaGjnwgGZidðan

BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúg

GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþinu@H³ dUecñHenH

citþ za ²GatμaGj nwgrMBwgKit GatμaGj nwgcUl GatμaGj nwg

minmaneLIydl´RBHeyaKIenaH . RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

GZidðan GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþin@uH³ dUecñHenH minmandl´RBHeyaKIenaHeT . sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; lÁitCag RbNIt CagGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ . eRb[bóbmadUcCaRBHraCa RTg´Kg´elI-k dMrId*RbesIr esþcyageTAelIzñl´ kñúgRBHnKr edayRBHraCanuPaB d*eRcIn RTg´TtRBHenRteXIj nUvCagGñkmansil|;TaMgLay man Cagqøak´PøúkCaedIm kMBugEtesø{ksMBt´mYy y¨agENnehIy yk sMBt´mYyCYtk|al manxøÜnRbLak´RbLÚs edaykMeTcTaMgLay mankMeTcPøúkCaedIm ehIyeZVInUvsil|;TaMgLayCaeRcIn manrcna PøúkeZVICarUbepSg> CaedIm ehIyRTg´eBjRBHT&y kñúgesckþIeqø{v qøatrbs´CagTaMgenaH edayRtas´bJ¢ay¨agenHza ²EnevIuy! Ohñ@!

nUvsmabtþienaH

ehIyeZVICaCagsil|;EbbenH³

edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit

dUecñH

minman

tamn&ydUc:neBalehIy

kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg eTIb:ndl´nUvsJ¦a Edldl´nUvGb|nad*lÁit suxuméRkElgenaH CasJ¦aEdlCaehtuo:neQμaHza envsJ¦InasJ¦I elakehAza ²cMerInnUvsmabtþi mansg¡arsl´enA ³ . Baküza

²sg¡aravesssmabtþw³ KW GarUb|smabtþi 4

Edlmansg¡ardl´nUvPaBsuxuméRkElg . ‘200’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH QanenHÉNa EdlelakehAza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH edayGMNacénsJ¦a EdlRBH eyaKI:nseRmcy¨agenH edIm|IsMEdgnUvQanenaH edayesckþI eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ; Rtg´bTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦a-

ytnM³ :ndl´ BYkZm( KW citþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñkcUl


visuTÆimK< ERb kan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄankþI envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’ kþI

247

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

‘eday

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúg

bc©úb|nñ ‘edayenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’kþI ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . kñúg buK<lTaMg 3 BYkenaH BYkZm( KWcitþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñk cUlkan´

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’

elakGZib|ayehIy

248

Garub|nieTÞs

envsJ¦anasJ¦apg envsJ¦anasJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Gaytn; eRBaHesckþIza

CaTIenAGaRs&y

rbs´Zm(

d*essTaMgLaypg

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; . k*kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI4 enH sJ¦a R:kddUecñH Etmüa¨g k*min EmnEdr .

tamBiteTA sUm|IevTna CaevTnak*minEmn minEmnCa

evTnak*minEmnç sUm|Icitþ Cacitþk*minEmn minEmnCacitþk*minEmnç

kñúgGZikarenH . ÉesckþIénBakü kñúgBaküza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ nu@H

sUm|IpsS; CapsS; k*minEmn minEmnCapsS; k*minEmn . kñúg

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²QanenaH EdlRbkbRBmedaysm|yutþZ(m

sm|yutþZm( d*essTaMgLay k*n&yenHEdr .

eQμaHza

edayBit

enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eZVIehIy edayelIk

eRBaHminmansJ¦ad*eRKatRKat nig eRBaHmanEtsJ¦ad*lÁit eRBaH

yksJ¦aCaRbZan³ . mYyeT[t esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IBRgIk o

ehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qanmin

viess edayóbmaTaMgLay taMgGMBIer]geRbglab:Rt dUecñH .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’ . envsJ¦anasJ¦;

:n»mkza sameNr ykeRbglab:RtehIy k*tMkl´

‘Qan’ pg envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qan’ enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

Tuk . kñúgeBlqan´bbr RBHezr; k*R:b´osameNrenaHyk:Rt

eRBaHrab´bJ©Úlkñúgmnaytn; nig Zmμaytn; pg eRBaHehtuenaH

mkRbeKn . sameNrenaH TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn!

QanenaH eTIbeQμaHzaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;‘Gaytn;KWQan

kñúg:Rt maneRbg³ . kñúgeBlenaH kalebIRBHezr; eBalza

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’³ dUecñH . mYyeT[t

²EnsameNr GñkcUrnaMykmkç xMú\nwgdak´RteLakeRbg oeBj³

kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI 4 enaH sJ¦aenH ÉNa sJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Ca

dUecñHehIyç sameNr k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eRbg

sJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaHsJ¦aenaH minmansmtæPaB edIm|IeZVInUv

minmaneT³ .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn

minmansJ¦ak*minEmn

k*RBHZm(eTsna

sJ¦akic© ‘muxnaTIénsJ¦a’ d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

kñúgBakü rbs´sameNrenaH Baküza ²eRbgman³ dUecñH

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

k*RtUv edayesckþIza ‘eRbgenaH’ minKYr CamYynwgbbreT eRBaH

sl´enAd*suxum eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦a .

‘eRbg’manenAxagkñúg‘:Rt’ç Baküza²minman³k*RtUv edayGMNac

1- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 291 .

énkic©karepSg>

mankarEzmRteLakeRbgCaedIm y¨agNamijç


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Garub|nieTÞs

sUm|IsJ¦aenH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHzasJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaH

minmank*rEmgman manehIyk*R:kdc|as´³ dUecñH . smabtþienH

minGacedIm|IeZVI nUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

dl´ehIy nUvesckþIlÁitsuxum edayRbkardUecñHÉg . mYyeT[t

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess sUm|IedayóbmaedayTwkelI

sl´enA d*suxum .

pøÚv dUcCaóbmaedayeRbglab:Rt y¨agenaHk*:nEdr .

sYrza ²k*sJ¦akic©kñúgBaküenHKWGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²sJ¦akic©

:n»mkza sameNr nimnþeTAxagmuxRBHezr; Edlnimnþ

enaH KWkarcaM:nnUvGarmμN¾ 1 karcUldl´PaBCavis&y‘GarmμN¾’

elIpøÚv eXIjnUvTwkbnþic k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn Twk

énvibsSna ehIyjúaMgesckþIen]yNay oekIteLIg 1 . k*

sUmRBHKuNm©as´edaHnUvEs|keCIgecj³ . lMdab´enaH kalebI

sJ¦aenaH sUm|Ikic©KWkarcaM:n ‘nUvGarmμN¾’ k*minGacedIm|IeZVI o

RBHezr;eBal za ²EnsameNr ebITwkmanç cUrGñknaMyksMBt´

Cak´c|as´:n eRb[bdUcCaZatuePøIg kñúgTwkekþA minGaceZVIkic©KWkar

sMrab´Rsg´Twkmk x\úMnwgRsg´Twk³ dUecñHç sameNr TUlza ²bBiRt

duteqH:neLIy

RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn TwkminmaneT³ .

y¨agenaHÉg

. sUm|IkarcUldl´PaBCavis&y

énvibsSnaehIy júaMgniBViTaoekIteLIg dUcCasJ¦a kñúgsmabtþi

kñúgBaküsameNrenaH

Baküza

²Twkman³

k*RtUv

eRBaH

d*essTaMgLay k*minGacedIm|IeZVI:nEdr . eRBaHza Pikú¡CaGñk

esckþIzaRtwmEtTTwkEs|keCIg Baküza ²Twkminman³ k*RtUv eRBaH

min:neZVIGPinievs

ehIy

esckþIza‘Twkminmanlμmnwg’ gUt:n y¨agNamijç sUm|IsJ¦a

nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnk¡nÆ

enaH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHza CasJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHminGac

TaMgLayehIy :nseRmcdl´niBViTa rEmgminman . eGIEmn!

edIm|IeZVInUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´c|as´:n eQμaHza minEmnCasJ¦a k*

k*manEtRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu ß elakGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn CaGñk

minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatman

EdlBicarNaeXIjc|as´tamRbRktI

dUcCaRBHsarIbuRthñwgÉg

lÁitsuxum . k*esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess edayóbmaTaMg

eTIbGac ‘BicarNanUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnxnÆehIyeZVIosMerc

LayenHÉg Etmüa¨g min:neLIy Kb|IeZVIoviess edayóbma

dl´niBViTa:n’ .

TaMgLaydéTeT[t EdlsmKYr k*:nEdr .

eQμaHza

‘KWvibsSna’

kñúgxnÆTaMgLayÉeT[t

CaGñkGacedIm|IBicarNa

sUm|IRBHsarIbuRtenaH k*Gac ‘eZVI:n’ eday

GMNacénkarBicarNaCaklab ‘KWRkum’ Etbu¨eNÑaH minGac ‘eZVI’ edayGMNacénkarBicarNaeXIjZm( tamlMdab´bT:neT eRBaH elakyl´eXIjza ²:n»za Zm(TaMgLayenH y¨agdUecñHÉg KW

edayPav;énsg¡arEdlsl´enA

d*

Baküza ²cUleTAkan´ÇÇÇseRmc«riyabz³ enH mann&ydUc eBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . enHCakza edayBisþar kñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnkmμdðan .


visuTÆimK< ERb

251

bkiNÑkkza ‘201’

RBHnaz;RTg´manRBHrUbminmanbuK<leRb[b

eRkay>

TaMgLay 5 EdlRbNIt edayGMNacénkarbeRmI mankiriyaraM

enH sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾

eRc[gç karRbKMudUrt®nþIç eRK]gRkGUbç p,akRmgç ePaCnç TIedk nig

‘Et’ GñkR:C\TaMgLayminR:zñanUvkarRbRBwtþiknøg

eRK]gesø{kBak´EdlCaTiBVCaedIm

nUvGg< énsmabtþiTaMgLayenaHeT . bNÐitKb|IRCabza

sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ edayRbkarTaMgBYg KW kñúgsmabtþiTaMg 4 enaH smabtþi TI1 man edaykarRbRBwtþi knøgnUvrUbnimitþ TI 2 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGakas TI3 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakas TI 4 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvkareTAR:sénviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGakas EtbNÐitTaMgLay minR:zña nUvkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< énsmabtþi TaMgLayenaHeT . eRBaHza karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< kñúgsmabtþiTaMg LayenaH Etgman dUcCakñúgrU:vcrsmabtþiTaMgLay k*eTEdr . sUm|IRKb´y¨ag

Gg<Qan 2 y¨agbu¨eNÑaH KW óebk¡a 1 cietþkK<ta 1 . sUm|IkalebIehtudUecñaH manBitEmn .

‘smabtþiedIm>’

dUcCa BÆd*épÞeRkaménR:saT Edlman 4 Can´ kamKuN

EmnBit GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLay

kñúgsmabtþiTaMgLayenaH

rEmgRbNItlÁCag

xag

óbma kñúgesckþIRbNItlÁCagKñaenaH .

RtUvdwgc|as´bkiNÑkkza kñúgGarUb|;enaHeT[tpg.

BitEmnehIy

smabtþiTaMgLay

bNiÐtKb|IRCab‘er]g’ épÞR:saT nig sMBt´ Ca

bNÐit:nRCabnUvGarUb|; 4 enaH y¨agenHehIy

GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLayenH

Garub|nieTÞs

kñúgGarUb|smabtþienH

pÞwmesμI:n RTg´Rtas´nUvGarUb|; 4 Rbkar ÉNaç

EmnBit

252

manEt

Kb|ICarbs´EdltaMgTukehIyç

kñúgCan´TI 2 bJ©kamKuN RbNItCagCan´eRkamenaHç kñúgCan´TI 3 RbNItCagCan´TI 2 enaHç kñúgCan´TI 4 RbNItCageKTaMgGs´ç kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH Can´TaMgLay 4 enaH KWCaépÞR:saThñwgÉgç esckþIEbøkKña edayPaBCaépÞR:saT énCan´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy TukCay¨agdUecñaH Can´xagelI> CaCan´RbNItCag Can´xageRkam > edaymanesckþIbribUN( énbJ©kamKuNEbøkKña y¨agNamijç mYyeT[t sMBt´ Tmán´4 bl;ç Tmán´3 bl;ç Tmán´ 2 bl; Tmán´1 bl; énGMe:HEdleRKIm m¨t´ m¨t´Cag m¨t´CageK TaMgGs´

Edl®sþImñak´révehIy

TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç

Kb|ICasMBt´EdlmanxñatesμIKña

kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH

sMBt´TaMgLay

4

enaH manxñatesμIKña TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç esckþIEbøkKña eday xñat énsMBt´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy

EtebITukCa

dUecñaH sMBt´eRkay> CasMBt´RbNItCagsMBt´mun> edayman


visuTÆimK< ERb

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254

Garub|nieTÞs

smäsSTn´élμ mansac´m¨t´ nig mantémøeRcIn y¨agNaç sUm|I

nig bursEdlGaRs&ynUvbursCab´mNÐbenaHç bursTaMg 2 nak´

kñúgGarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 k*manGg< 2 enH dUcKñaEdr KWóebk¡a 1

enaH lM:kehIyç ÉkarZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHénmNÐb nwgman dl´

cietþkK<ta 1 k*BitEmn ebITukCadUecñaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²kñúg

bursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eT[gTat´Nas´ç eNØIycuH GatμaGj Qr

smabtþienH smabtþixageRkay> CasmabtþiRbNItlÁCag eRBaH

enAxageRkAenH:nehIy³ dUecñH . bursenaH minGaRs&ynUvburs

Pav;énsmabtþienaHRbNIt nigRbNItCagGg<TaMgLayenaHeday

EdlGaRs&ynUvbursxagedImenaHeT k*:nQrenAehIy BÆd*xag

esckþIviessénPavna k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ . k*GarUb|smabtþiTaMg

eRkAhñwgÉg . RKaenaH Rsab´Etbursmñak´eT[tmk sMKal´nUvburs

nu@H CasmabtþiRbNIt nig RbNItCag edaylMdab´ dUecñHÉg .

EdlKitnUvesckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´ kñúgmNÐl nig bursEdlGaRs&y

‘GarUb|; 4 óbmaedayburs 4 nak´’

bursmñak´Cab´eTIr Rtg´TImNÐbEdlminsÁat burs mñak´eT[tGaRs&ynUvbursmñak´enaHç bursdéTeT[t minGaRs&ybursenaHeT ‘QrenA’ xageRkAç nig bursmñak´eT[t :nQrGaRs&y nUvbursEdlQr enAxageRkAenaHehIyç GarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 Gñk R:C\Kb|IRCab

edayPaBCaZmμCatesμIKña

eday

bursTaMgLay 4 enH edaylMdab´cuH .

nUvbursGñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg

xageRkAhñwgÉgQrenAy¨aglÁ

eTIbGaRs&y

ehIyQrenA

nUvbursEdlQr

enAxageRkAenaH :nQrenAehIy . GakasRtg´TIEdlksiNebIk bNÐitKb|IeXIj odUcCa mNÐb kñúgTIEdlminsÁat kñúgóbmaenaH . GakasanJ©aytn; EdlmanGakasCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHex¬ImreGImnUvrUbnimitþ bNÐitKb|I eXIjza dUcCabursEdlCab´mNÐb eRBaHex¬ImTIEdlminsÁat . viJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakasanJ©aytn; Edlman GakasCaGarmμN¾

ehIyRbRBwtþeTA

bNÐitKb|IeXIjza

dUcCa

enH CaBaküRbkbesckþI kñúgóbmaenaH . maner]gmkza

bursEdlGaRs&y nUvbursEdlCab´mNÐb . GakiJ©J¦aytn;

manmNÐbmYy enARtg´TIEdlminsÁat . RKaenaH bursmñak´ mk

EdlmineZVI nUvGakasanJ©aytn; oCaGarmμN¾ manPaBminman

ehIy k*ex¬ImnUvTIminsÁatenaH eTIbykédetagnUvmNÐbenaHehIy

viJ¦aNenaHCaGarmμN¾ bNÐitKb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlKitnUv

k*Cab´enAkñúgmNÐbenaH dUcCaeKBüÜrTukehIy . bnÞab´mk burs

esckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eTIbminGaRs&ynUv

mYyeT[t mkehIy k*GaRs&ynUvbursEdlCab´kñúgmNÐbenaH .

bursEdlCab´mNÐbenaH ehIyk*:nmkQrenAxageRkA . env-

bursepSgeT[t mkdl´ehIy Kitza ²bursGñkEdlCab´kñúgmNÐb

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; EdlfitenA


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256

Garub|nieTÞs

Rtg´TIxageRkA eBalKWPaBminmanviJ¦aN ehIyRbRBwtþeTA bNÐit

y¨agNamijç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalmin:nGarmμN¾

Kb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlsMKal´ nUvbuK<lEdlKit nUvesckþI

déT

minekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´mNÐb nig GñkEdlGaRs&yburs

ehIyoCaGarmμN¾ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

GñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg ehIy:nQrenAxageRkAenaHÉgza ²CaGñk

enH kaleZVIy¨agdUecñH

Qr:nlÁehIy³ dUecñH eTIbGaRs&ynUvbursenaH fitenAehIy . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalRbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUecñH

rEmgeZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHoCaGarmμN¾ eRBaH

nUvkMBUlPñM ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgRbetag’ ß eRb[b

GZib|ayza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH sUm|ICamaneTasEdleXIjehIy y¨agdUecñH za oCa

GarmμN¾ eRBaHminmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t . eRb[bdUcGVI/ . eRb[b dUcCa ‘RbCa’ Cn RtUvGaRs&yRBHraCa sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj ehIyRbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH . GZib|ayza ‘RbCa’Cn kalmin:nnUvkarciJ©wmCIvit kñúgRbeTsdéT caM:c´RtUv GaRs&yRBHraCamYyGg< CaZMkñúgTVIbTaMgmUl CaGñkminsRgYm man esckþIRbRBwtþitampøÚvkay vaca nig citþ ezakTab sUm|ICaGñkman eTasEdlbuK<leXIjehIyza ²RBHraCaenH CaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi ezakTab³ dUecñH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

ehIy RbRBwtþeTA ‘eRBaHminmanGVIetag’ eRb[b

nig eRb[bdUcCabuK<leLIgkMBUlPñM ehIyRbetag

RbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH .

dUecñH

k*EtgEtetagCab´ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’QanenaH

k*Rbetag ‘nUvem’CeNþIr ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgetag’

GaRs&y nUvRBHraCa sUm|ICaGñkmaneTas R:kd

mansRtUvKWviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enACit³

sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj

dUcCabuK<leLIgCeNþIrEvg ‘dl´kaMxagelIehIy’

minmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t eRb[bdUcCa ‘RbCa’Cn

²smabtþienH

k*RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH

eRBaHkiriyaciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu

dUcCabuK<leLIgPñM

ehIyTb´Tl´Cg<g´

rbs´xøÜn

hñwgÉg ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgTb´Tl´’ dUecñaHÉg . briecäT TI10 eQμaHGarUb|nieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< KWx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´esckþIrIkrayrbs´saZuCn y¨agdUecñHÉg . v

Í

v

:ner[ber[gcb´ ézáRBhs|ti¾ 2 ekIt ExbusS BÇsÇ2550 ézáTI21 ExZñÚ qñaM 2006


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257

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’ ‘202’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn én

karsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGahar EdlelakelIkykmksMEdg y¨agenH za ²sJ¦a mYy³ dUecñH bnÞab´GMBIGarUb|nieTÞs mkdl´ ehIytamlMdab´ . kñúgkarsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGaharenaH bNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIvinicä&y tUcteTA ;

sPaBNa EtgnaMmk eRBaHehtuenaH

sPaBenaH eQμaHza Gahar ‘sPaBGñknaMmk’ . GaharenaH man 4 y¨ag KW kBLig,araharç psSaharç menaseJ©tnaharç viJ¦aNahar . sYrza ²k*kñúgGaharTaMg 4 y¨agn@uH Gahary¨agNa Etg naMGVImk/ ³ . eqøIyza ²kBLig,arahar EtgnaMmk nUvrUb EdlmanOCa Ca KRmb´8 . psSahar EtgnaMmknUvevTna 3 . menaseJ©tnahar EtgnaMmknUvbdisnÆi kñúgPBTaMg 3 . viJ¦aNahar EtgnaMmk nUv namrUb kñúgxN; énbdisnÆi .

258

smaZinieTÞs

EdleRb[bedaysac´rbs´kUnç psSahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdgeday RBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayemeKaminmanEs|kç menaseJ©tnahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayPñk´énregIkePøIgç viJ¦aNahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[beday muxénlMEBg .

‘GaharEdlR:zñakñúgkmμdðanenH’ EtkñúgGaharTaMg 4 enH kBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig PøkS bu¨eNÑaH KWelakb¨gykehIyza ²Gahar³ kñúgesckþIenH .

esckþIsMKal´ EdlekIteLIg edayGMNacén

karkan´yknUvGakar;EdlKYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenaH eQμaHza esckþI sMKal´za KYrex¬Im kñúgGahar . RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUv GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aenaH Kb|Ier[nnUvkmμdðan minoPøaMgPøat´GMBIkar Edler[nmksUm|IEtmYybT eTAkñúgTIsáat´Etmñak´ÉgsmáMenA ehIy RtUvBicarNa nUvPaBbdikUl kñúgkBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig liTÆPøkS edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 . Gakar; TaMg 10 enH KWGVIxøH / .

KW ;

1- Kmneta

bdikUledaydMeNIredIrç

2- brieysneta

bdikUledaykarEsVgrkç

3- briePaKeta

bdikUledaykarbriePaKç

4- Gasyeta

bdikUledayTIGaRs&yç

man kñúgviJ¦aNahar . k*kñúgGaharTaMgLayenH EdlmanP&y

5- niZaneta

bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞç

cMeBaH y¨agenH

6- Gbribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYyç

‘P&yekIteRBaHGaharCaehtu’ kñúgGaharTaMg 4 enaH P&yKWkarmineRtkGr Etgman kñúg kBLig,araharç P&yKWkarcUleTArk Etgman kñúgpsSaharç P&y KWkarekItÉg Etgman kúñgmenaseJ©tnaharç P&yKWbdisnÆi Etg

kBLig,arahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT


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260

smaZinieTÞs

7- bribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIyç

bdikUlCagxagkñúgbnÞb´ eRBaHeBlxøH RtUvvtæúbdikUl manGacm¾

8- pleta

bdikUledayplç

kNþúr nig Gacm¾Rbec[vCaedIm eZVIoxUcxatehIyç bnÞab´mk RtUv

9- nisSnÞeta

bdikUledayhUrecjç

emIlCan´xageRkam‘kudi’EdlbdikUlCagCan´xagelI eRBaHeBlxøH

10- smμk¡neta

bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs .

‘bdikUledaydMeNIredIr’ ‘203’ kñúgbTTaMg10 enaH bTza ²Kmneta³ enaH esckþI za esckþIbdikUledaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa eday

RtUvRbLak´edayGacm¾em[m nig Gacm¾RBabCaedImç bnÞab´mk RtUv emIlbrievN EdlbdikUlCagCan´xageRkam‘énkudi’ eRBaHeBlxøH KRKicehIyedayesμA nig søwkeQIcas´> EdlRtUvxül´bk´mk edaybsSav; óc©ar; Twkmat´ nig TwksMe:r énBYksameNr

n&yy¨agenH za ²GñkbYs kñúgsasna EdleQμaHzamanGanuPaB

EdlmanCmáW nig edayTwknigPk´CaedIm kñúgrdUvePø{gç RtUvemIlpøÚv

eRcIn

nUvsmNZm(kþI

eTAviharEdlbdikUlCagbrievNeTAeT[tç mYyeT[t GñkbYsenaH

rhUtTaMgraRtI eRkakeLIgehIyGMBIRBwkRBlwm eZVIvtþRtg´lanRBH

zVaybgM<nUveBaZiRBwkS nig RBHectiy edaylMdab´ehIy RtUvQr

ectiy nig vtþRtg´laneBaZiRBwkS tMkl´TwksMrab´qan´ TwksMrab´

enA Rtg´kEnøgEdlQrRtiHriH ehIyRtiHriH za ²GatμaGj nwgmin

eRbIR:s´ e:ssMGatTIbrievN CRmHnUvsrIr;ehIy eLIgkan´TI

RtUvRkeLkemIlRBHectiyEdldUcCakgénEkvmukþa nig edImeBaZi-

Gasn; eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvkmμdðan Gs´ 20-30 dg ehIy eRkak

RBwkSd*CaTIKab´citþdUcCasøabknÞúyénstVekáak nig nUvesnasn;

eLIg cab´yk:Rt nig cIvr lHbg´nUvte:v&n ‘KWéRBCaTIeZVInUv

EdlmansirI dUcCasm|tþiéneTBVvimanehIy EbrxñgeTAkan´TIEdl

te:kmμ’ EdlCaTIR:scakCneb[tes[t suxsb|aydl´vievk

CaTIrIkray eQμaHy¨agenH ehIyeTA eRBaHGaharCaehtu³ dUecñH

dl´RBmedaymøb´ nig Twk sÁatlÁ RtCak´ CaTIfanEdlCaTIrIk

ehIy ec[secjeTA k*edIreTAkan´pøÚveTAkan´RsukehIy RtUvemIl

rayehIy minsmøwgnUvesckþIeRtkGrkñúgvievk EdlCaGriyKuN

pøÚvEdlmandg<t´ nig bnøapg pøÚvEdlRtUvkMLaMgTwkeRcaHehIy nig

Kb|Imanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´Rsuk

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gahar

pøÚvminrabesμIpgç bnÞab´mk GñkbYsRtUvesø{ks|g´ ‘edaykarnwk

dUcCaEq,cck manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIsμsandUecñaH kalnimnþeTAy¨ag

Kit’ dUcsMBt´biTnUvbUs cgnUvvtæBnÆ dUccgsMBt´ruMdMe¶ RKgcIvr

enH cab´taMgBIcuHecjGMBIERK ß taMgeTAehIy k*RtUvCan´TIkRmal

‘edaykarnwkKit’ dUcCaRKbnUveRKagqÁwg naMyk:Rtecj ‘eday

EdleBareBjeTAedayeRK]gminsÁat mankMeTcZUlICab´eCIg nig

karnwkKit’ dUcCanaMyknUvPaCn;sMrab´RckzñaM mkdl´TICiténTVar

lamkstVCIgck´CaedImç bnÞab´BIenaH RtUvemIlmuxCaRbZan Edl

Rsuk k*nwgeXIjnUvsaksBepSg> dUcsaksBdMrIxøH saksB

y¨agenH

eZVIkarsVaZüaynUvRBHBuTÆvcn;kþI

nimnþeTA


visuTÆimK< ERb esHxøH

saksBeKaxøH

261

smaZinieTÞs

saksBmnusSxøH

edayGacm¾dInigkMeTcesμA EdlebIugeLIgehIy edaykMLaMgxül´ç

nwgRtUvEtemIlEtmüa¨g

eTAdl´mat´TVarpÞHenaH> ehIy k*RtUvCYbRbTH eBlxøH RtUvCan´nUv

k*minEmnEdr sUm|IkøinénsaksBTaMgenaHEdlmkb¨HnUvRcmuH k*Ca

reNþARCaM nig zøúkRCaM EdlRcbUkRcbl´ edayrbs´minsÁat man

er]gEdlRtUvGt´RTaMpgEdrç bnÞab´mk GñkbYs RtUvEtQrRtg´TVar

TwklagRtIç Twklagsac´ç TwklagGg,rç Twkmat´ç TwkRcmuH nig

cUlRsuk ehIyRkeLkemIlnUvpøÚvedIreTAkñúgRsuk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

lamkEq, nig RCUkCaedIm EdledrdasehIy edayhVÚgdg,Úv nig

dl´kareKcevHnUvGnþray mandMrIkac nig Eq,kacCaedIm .

ruyk|alex[vCaedIm EdlCaTIkEnøgEdlstVruykñúgRsukehIreLIg

saksBBs´xøH

saksBRkbIxøH

262

saksBEq,CaedImxøH

rbs´bdikUl

maneRK]gkRmalCaxagedIm

mansaksB

mkTMEGbelIsg¹adIxøH elI:RtxøH elIk|alxøHç kalbBVCitenaH

eRcInCaGenkCabrieyasan dUc:neBalmkdUecñHenH Caer]gEdl

sUm|IcUleTAdl´pÞHehIy m©as´pÞHBYkxøHRbeKn BYkxøHminRbeKneT

GñkbYs RtUvGt´sg,t´pg RtUvsMLwgemIlpg RtUvhitkøinpg eRBaH

sUm|IGñkEdlRbeKn BYkxøH RbeKnEt:yEdldaMehIy kalBIézá

GaharCaehtuç

mSilxøH

esckþIbdikUl

edaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|I

nUvrbs´qan´Edlesssl´xøH

nUvsmømansmøsENþk

BicarNaoeXIj y¨agdUecñHza ²Ohñ! Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´

EdlpÁÚmCaedImxøHç BYkGñkminRbeKnesat GñkxøHeBalza ²bBiRt

bdikUlKYrex¬ImEmnhñ@ ³ dUecñH .

RBHKuNm©as´ cUrnimnþeR:sstVeTAxagmuxcuH³ dUecñH Etbu¨eNÑaHç

‘bdikUledaykarEsVgrk’

EtBYkxøHenAesá{mQwg eZVIhak´bIdUcCamineXIjç BYkxøH k*Ebrmux

‘204’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarEsVgrk etIdUcemþc / .

eTATIdéT‘Ebrmuxecj’ç BYkxøH k*ERskRTeKaH edayBaküGaRkk´>

esckþIbdikUledaykarEsVgrk KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

za ²En evIy! mnusSk|alRtegal eTAeTA³ dUecñHCaedImç BitEmn

c|as´y¨agenHza ²bBVCit sUm|IGt´Zn´nUvesckþIbdikUl kñúgkareZVI

eTaHbICay¨agenHk*eday bBVCit RtUvEtRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t kñúgRsuk

dMeNIry¨agenHehIy cUleTAkan´Rsuk XøMúedaysMBt´sg¹adI RtUv

dUcCamnusSkMRBa ehIyecjeTA y¨agenHÉg .

EtRtac´eTAtamdgzñl´ kñúgRsuk tamlMdab´pÞH dUcCamnusSkMRBa

rbs´bdikUl manreNþATwkRCaMCaedIm dUceBalmkdUecñHenH

manédkan´GMEbg Rtac´eTAdUecñaHç Rtg´pøÚvÉNa kñúgrdUvePø{g elITI

Carbs´EdlbBVCitRtUvCan´pg

EdlCan´ehIy> eCIgTaMgLaycUleTA kñúgTwk nig Pk´ rhUtdl´

cab´taMgGMBIcUleTA kñúgRsuk rhUtdl´ecjmkvij k*eRBaHGahar

sac´sμgç bBVCit RtUvEtkan´:Rt edayédmYy elIkcIBredayéd

CaehtuedayBitR:kdç Ohñ@ Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´bdikUl

mYyç kñúgrdUvekþA RtUvEtRtac´eTA TaMgragkayRbLak´RbLÚsehIy

KYrex¬ImreGIm BitEmnhñ@!³ dUecñHÉg .

RtUvCYbRbTHpg

RtUvGt´sg,t´pg


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‘bdikUledaykarbriePaK’

264

smaZinieTÞs

enH manBN( køin nig kartak´Etgd*viess vinas:t´Gs´ehIy

‘205’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarbriePaK etIdUcemþc / .

kñúgxN;enaHPøam rEmgcUldl´PaBKYrex¬ImreGImy¨agéRkElg dUc

esckþIbdikUledaykarbriePaK KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

CakMGYtEq,EdlenAkñúgsñÚk:yEq,dUecñaHç biNÐ:tenaH sUm|IR:kd

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*esckþIbdikUl edaykarbriePaK bBVCitGñk

y¨agdUecñH

manGaharEdlEsVgrk:nmkehIy y¨agenH Gg<úytamsb|ay

knøgnUvKnøgénckú¡³ dUecñHÉg .

k*Carbs´EdlRtUvEtelbcUleTA

kñúgTIEdlsb|ay xageRkARsuk RtUveXIj y¨agenHza ²Gñkmin

eRBaHbiNÐ:tenaH

‘bdikUledayTIGaRs&y’

Tan´lUkédcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH drabNa GñkeXIj nUvPikú¡Edl

‘206’ ‘esckþIbdikl’ edayTIGaRs&y etIdUcemþc / .

KYreKarBkþI nUvmnusSEdlmankareG[nxμaskþI R:kddUecñaHehIy k*

esckþIbdikUledayTIGaRs&y RBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa y¨agenHza

Gacnimnþ ‘oqan´nUvGaharenaH’ :ndrabenaHç bu¨EnþRKan´EtbBVCit

²k*GaharenaH Edl:nbriePaKcUleTAehIyy¨agenH kalcUleTA

enaH dak´édcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH edaymanbMNgnwgqan´ kal

BÆd*xagkñúgç bNþaTIGaRs&y‘Gasy;’ TaMgLaybYn KWTIGaRs&y

eBalza²cUrGñkTTYlcuH³ dUecñH RtUvmanEtkarxμaseG[nç k*kalebI

rbs´Rbmat´ TIGaRs&yrbs´esøsμ TIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúH TIGaRs&y

bBVCitenaH dak´édcUleTAehIyRc:c´ ejIshUrecj tamRmaméd

rbs´Qam TIGaRs&yNamYy rEmgman dl´RBHBuTÆ nig RBH

TaMg 5 júaMgP&tþsUm|IEdlrwgeRBaHsáÜtoesIm eZVIoTn´ç RKaenaH

bec©kBuTÆTaMgLaypg dl´esþccRkBtiþpgEtbu¨eNÑaH k*b¨uEnþsMrab´

kalebIbiNÐ:tenaH

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanbJ¦atic rEmgmanTIGaRs&yRKb´TaMg 4

xUcPaBEdllÁehIy

eRBaHkareZVIsUm|IRtwm

EtRc:c´ KWbBVCitenaH eZVIoeTACaBMnUt dak´cUleTAkñúgmat´ehIyç

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

ebIbuK<lNaEdlmanTIGaRs&y

eZμjeRkam júaMgkic©ént|al´osMerc eZμjelI júaMgkic©énGERg

rbs´Rbmat´eRcInç GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA eRb[bdUcCa

osMerc GNþat júaMgkic©énédosMercç Twkmat´d*zøarav elIcug

RbLak´edayeRbgRsKMy¨agxab´KYrex¬IméRkeBkç buK<lNa manTI

GNþat RbLak´nUvbiNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvGERgKWeZμj TMBalMGit

GaRs&yrbs´esøsμeRcIn GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA dUc

ehIy RKelvRbmUlpúMþ edayGNþat dUcCakMGYtEq,elIsñÚk:yEq,

CaRbLak´edayrsénEpøxÞwg ß søwkxÞwgKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<lNa

enAkñúgmat´enaHç Twkmat´xab´ cab´taMgBIBak´kNþalGNþatcUleTA

manTIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúHeRcIn

rEmgRbLak´ç eCIgeZμj kñúgTIEdleQICRmHeZμjeTAmindl´ rEmg

eRb[bdUcCaRbLak´edayTwkedaHCUrEdlpÁÚmKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<l

RbLak´ç biNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvTMBakMeTc nig RbLak´ehIy y¨ag

Na manTIGaRs&yrbs´QameRcInç

GaharEdlbuK<lenaH

elbcUleTA

Gahar EdlbuK<lenaHelb


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cUleTAehIy bIdUcCaTwkRClk´KYrex¬IméRkElg³ dUecñH .

‘bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞ’

266

smaZinieTÞs

EdlcUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas‘KYrex¬Im’ EbbenHehIy CaGahar enAminTan´rlYy drabNa sUm|IGaharenaHeTIbbriePaK kñúgézáenaH

‘207’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ etI

kþI briePaKkñúgézámSilkþI kñúgézámun> mkkþI k*eTApþúMenACamYyKñaTaMg

dUcemþc / . esckþIbdikUledaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ KWRBH

Gs´ rYbrwteTAedaydMuesøsμ ekIteTACaBBuH CaRkeBjtUc-ZM RtUv

eyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²GaharEdlelb

ePøIgZatukñúgragkay cMhuykMedAehIy dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬ImreGIméRk

cUleTARbLak´edayGasy;NamYy kñúgcMeNamGasy;TaMg 4

Elg ehIyfitenA kñúgTIkEnøg manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy

enH

enaHÉg

cUleTAehIykñúgépÞenaH

minEmneTAtMkl´enA

kúñgPaCn;man

EdlCaTIggwtCitsUnüQwgBn´eBk

Gab´GYrRcbUkRcbl´

PaCn;masCaedImeLIy minEmneTAtMkl´enA kúñgPaCn;TaMgLay

edaykøinsaksBepSg> mankøinsÁúyKYrex¬ImreGIméRkElg drab

manPaCn;eZVIBIEkvmNI nig PaCn;eZVIGMBIR:k´CaedImeLIyç Etza

enaH eRb[bdUcCarbs´minsÁatepSg> manesμA søwkeQI kenÞl

ebImnusSmanGayu 10 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas

rEhkdac´dac saksBBs´ saksBEq, nig saksBmnusSCa

EdlR:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 10

edIm EdlZøak´ehIykñúgreNþAEk|rmat´TVarcUlpÞHénCncNÐal RtUv

qñaMç ebImnusSmanGayu 20 qñaM 30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70

emX ‘ePø{g’ EdlminEmnCardUvkal kñúgrdUvekþA Zøak´eRsacRsb´

qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

ehIy RtUvkMedARBHGaTitü dutkMedAehIy kekIteTACaBBuH CaBg

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamk Edlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 20 qñaM

‘dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬IméRkElg’ y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ dUecñH .

30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70 qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaMç ebImnusS

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIy’

k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

‘209’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy etIdUc

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 100qñaM³

emþc/ . esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy KWRBHeyaKI

dUecñHÉg .

Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²GaharenaH kalRtUv

manGayu 100 qñaM elbcUleTA

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy’ ‘208’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy etI dUcemþc / .

esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy KWRBH

eyaKI Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²k*GaharenHenaH

ePøIgZatukñúgkaydutorlYyehIykñúgOkasEdlfitenAenaH

k*min

EmnkøayeTACamas nig R:k´CaedIm dUcCaEr¨mas nig Er¨R:k´ Ca edIm:neLIy RKan´EtbeJ©jnUvBBuH nig RkeBjtUc-ZM dl´nUv PaBCaGaharcas´

k*cUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgTIlMenA énGaharcas´


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268

smaZinieTÞs

dUcCadIsÁit manBN(el]g EdleKkinnwgt|al´kin ehIydak´cuH

briePaKnUvGaharenaH

eTA kñúgbMBg´dUecñaH nig dl´nUvPaBCaTwkmURtehIy k*RCabeTAdk´

ekItbIti nig esamnsS k*man ‘Et’ kñúgézáTIBIr kalEdlGahar

enA kñúgepøakTwkmURt³ dUecñH .

enaHhUrecjmkvij

‘bdikUledaypl’

CaGñksb|ayhWha

RtUvmnusSbiTRcmuH

mancitþrIkrayehIy

eKEbrmuxecj

eKex¬Im

reGIm eKmankareG[nxμaseTAvijç mYyeT[t kñúgézáTImYy mnusS

‘210’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaypl etIdUcemþc / . esckþI

eRtkGr elμaP Cab´citþ RCulRCb´ehIy elbnUvGaharenaHcUl

bdikUl edaypl KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨ag

eTAk*man EtkñúgézáTIBIr eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI mnusSmineRtkGr

enHza ²k*GaharenHEdlrlYyeTAedaylÁbueNÑaH eTIbjúaMgsak

en]yNay eG[nxμas ex¬ImreGIm hUrecjmkvijç eRBaHehtu

sBepSg> mansk´ eram Rkck nig eZμjCaedIm ocMerInRss´

enaH eTIbburaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy za ;

eRsageLIg:n

EdlminrlYy:nlÁeT

k*bNþaloekIteTACa

eraK 100 CMBUk maneraKkm rmas´ Xøg´ ERsg hWt kÁk nig eraKZøak´Qamç enHCaplrbs´GaharenaH³ dUecñH .

‘211’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayhUrecj etIy¨agdUcemþc/ . edayhUrecj

KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIj

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH kalEdlelbcUleTA k*cUleTA tamTVarEtmYy

kalEdlhUrecjmkvij

rEmghUrecjmkvij

tamTVareRcInCaGenk edayRbkar;CaedIm KW EdlecjmktamEPñk ehAzaBBwkEPñk EdlecjmktamRtec[kehAzaGacm¾Rtec[kç BMu enaHesat

GaharenH

kñúgeBlEdlelbcUleTA

edayBYkbrivarCaeRcInnak´BitEmn

eRcIn cUleTAtamTVarmYy ‘Et’ ecjmkvij tam TVarTaMgLay 9ç buK<l RBmTaMgbrivar briePaK

‘bdikUledayhUrecj’ esckþIbdikUl

²:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø

elbcUleTA

bu¨EnþkñúgeBlEdlhUrecjmk

vij k*køayeTACarbs´minsÁatmanócar; nig bsSav;CaedImehIy k*bgØÚrecjmkvijEtmñak´ÉgKt´ç mYyeT[t kñúgézádMbUg buK<lkal

nUv:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø eRcIn ‘Et’ kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij rEmgeTA lak´BYnç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edl mantémøeRcIn buK<l Etgniym cUlcitþbriePaK ‘Et’

kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij

k*ex¬ImreGImeTA

vijç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlman témøeRcIn eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI k*ERbeTACarbs´ sÁúyTaMgGs´³ dUecñHÉg .

‘bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs’ ‘212’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edayRbLak´RbLÚsetIdUcemþc/ .


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esckþIbdikUl edayRbLak´RbLÚs KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNa o

270

smaZinieTÞs

rbs´minCaTIKab´citþdEdl³ dUecñH .

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aQan’

eXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH sUm|IkñúgkalEdlbriePaK

kalRBHeyaKI BicarNaeXIjnUvPaBbdikUl edayGakar;

k*rEmgRbLak´RbLÚs nUvéd bbUrmat´ GNþat nig Bitanç éd sUm|IIeKlagehIy

TaMg 10 y¨agenH eZVITukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜy

k*RtUvEtlagmþgehIymþgeT[t edIm|IIRbeyaCn¾dl´karbM:t´køin éd

eLIgehIy oCaZmμCatKWesckþIriHKitsÜÞyeLIgehIyç kBLig,a-

bbUrmat´ GNþat nig BitanTaMgLayenaH Carbs´bdikUlehIy

rahar rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénGakar;bdikUl . RBHeyaKI

eRBaHRtUvGaharenaHRbLak´RbLÚsehIyç GaharenaH kalbuK<l

enaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Caer]y> . kalRBH

briePaKcUleTAehIy

edayePIøg

eyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ . citþ

Zatukñúgragkay Edlpat´RcaneTAsBVsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIyk*pus

rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcarsmaZi Edlmindl´nUvGb|na eRBaH

eLIg

edayPaBCaGacm¾eZμj

kBLig,araharCaKmÖIrPaBRCaleRCAtamsPaBCaZmμta . EtsJ¦a

EtgRbLak´RbLÚscab´edImGMBIGNþat nig BitaneTA edayPaBCa

kñúgkBLig,araharnu@H rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénkarkan´yk nUv

Twkmat´ nig esøsμCaedIm EtgRbLak´RbLÚsnUvTVarTaMgLay man

Gakar;bdikUl

rnÆEPñk rnÆRtec[k rnÆRcmuH nig TVarxageRkam‘TVarZM’ CaedIm eday

rab´za ²GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a³ dUecñH .

bbUrmat´

GNþat

nig

BitanTaMgLayNa

rEmgcMGinnUvkayoe:¨geLIg

RbLak´RbLÚsnUveZμjTaMgLay

PaBCaBBwkEPñk Gacm¾Rtec[k TwksMe:r TwkmURt nig Gahar

.

eRBaHehtuenaH

kmμdðanenH

dl´ehIynUvkar

‘GanisgSénGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’

cas´CaedIm eRb[bdUcCakalebI:yRtUveKcMGin rbs´EdlCakak

k*citþrbs´Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvesckþIsMKal´zaCarbs´

sMNl´TaMgLay manGg,am knÞk´ nig Twk:y rEmgpuseLIg

KYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenH rEmgzycuH rEmgrYj rEmgbdivtþi cak

mkRbLak´nUvRkbmat´qñaMg nig KRmbqñaMg dUecñaHç kñúgTVarTaMgLay

esckIþcMNg´kúñgrs . RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkR:scakesckþIRsvwg

Na eRBaHlagTVarmYy édCarbs´EdlRtUvlagedayTwkmþgeT[t

elbnUvGahar RKan´EtedIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾dl´karrlas´nUvTuk¡ecj

eRBaHlagTVarmYy

dUcCabuK<lGñkRtUvkarqøgpøÚvqáay sIunUvsac´kUndUecñaH . bnÞab´mk

édsUm|Ilag

edaylMGiteRK]gRkGUbxøH PaBbdikUl:neLIy

edaylamkeKaxøH

rhUtdl´BIrbIdg

TVarTaMgLayenHenaH

ehIy sUm|ICalagsMGat ral´> ézá

edaydIxøH

k*minR:scakGMBI EdlGaharRbLak´

k*rEmgCarbs´minsÁat Ca

teRmk

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

k*rEmgdl´nUvkarkMNt´dwg

kñúgbJ©kamKuN

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

edayminBi:keLIy

kMNt´dwgnUvkBLig,araharCaRbZan .

eRBaHmankar

RBHeyaKIenaH rEmgkMNt´


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dwgnUvrUbk¡nÆ:n eRBaHmankarkMNt´dwgnUvbJ©kamKuNCaRbZan .

272

smaZinieTÞs

kñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt .

‘ctuZatuvvdðanedayseg¡b’

mYyeT[t sUm|IkarcMerInkayKtasti rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH k*rEmg dl´nUvkareBjbribUN(

edayGMNacénPaBbdikUl

manGahar

EmnBit

ctuZatuvvdðanenaH

mkehIy

edayseg¡b

kñúg

EdlminTan´rlYyCaedImpg. RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkbdibtþinUvesckþI

mhastibdðansURt edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan Ca

bdibtþiEdlGnuelam dl´GsuPsJ¦apg . müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦ad*xøaMgkøa

enaH GaRs&ynUvesckþIRbtibtþienHehIy kalminTan´:nsMercnUv

BiXateKakþI kUnsisSénbursGñkBiXateKakþI EdlbuinRbsb´ Kb|I

TIbMputKWRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñenHeT rEmgCaGñkmansuKti RbRBwtþ

BiXateKaehIyrMElkCacMENk> Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn

eTA BÆd*xagmux .

óbmadUcemþcmijç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUv

enHCakzaedayBisþarkñúgkarcMerInGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a .

kayenHÉg

ctuZatuvvdðan ‘213’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH

y¨agenHza

EdlfitenAy¨agNa

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñk

EdltaMgenAy¨agNa

man

eday

kMNt´za RKan´EtCaZatudUecñHza kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk

karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn

nUv

ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´ manóbemyüy¨agdUecñaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

kiriyakMNt´nUvZatubYn EdlelaksMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGahaer

‘BRgIkesckþIénRBHsURt’

bdikUlsJ¦a za ²vvdðan 1³ dUecñH mkdl´ehIyedaylMdab´ .

‘BaküGZib|aybTmatika’ vinicä&ykñúgbTmatikaenaH bTza ²vvdðan³ :ndl´snñidðan

esckþIénRBHsURtenaHza ²bursGñkBiXateKa ß kUnsisS énbursGñkBiXateKaenaHÉg d*buinRbsb´ EdleKCYleday:y nigézøQñÜl

Kb|Ismøab´nUveKaehIy

rMElkeZVIoeTACacMENk>

edayGMNackarkMNt´eXIjsPav; ‘rbs´va’ . karkMNt´emIl

Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn eBalKWRtg´TIkNþal énpøÚvZMTaMgLay

Baküza ²Zatumnsikar

EdleTAkan´TisTaMgLaybYn y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

ZatuTaMg 4 eQμaHza ctuZatuvvdðan .

Zatukmμdðan ctuZatuvvdðan³ edayesckþI KWEtmYyeT . ‘ctuZatuvvdðan 2 y¨ag’ ctuZatuvvdðanenHenaH mkehIy 2 y¨agKW edayseg¡b 1 edayBisþar 1 . ctuZatuvvdðan edayseg¡benaH mkehIy kñúg mhastibdðansURt edayBisþarmkehIykñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt

BicarNanUvkayEdleQμaHza fitenAy¨agNa eRBaHfitenA eday Gakar;ÉNanImYy

én«riyabzTaMgbYn

eQμaHzataMgenAy¨agNa

eRBaHtaMgenAy¨agNaenaHÉg edaykMNt´zaRKan´EtCaZatu y¨ag dUecñHza

kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 254 .


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smaZinieTÞs ‘214’ cMENkkñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt mkehIy eday

sYrza; etImanesckþIGZib|aydUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; kal ebIbursGñkBiXateKa ciJ©wmbMb¨neKakþI dwk‘va’ykeTAkan´TIsmøab´

Bisþar

edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan

kþI luHdwkeTAdl´ehIy k*cgeRk[kTuk kñúgTIsmøab´enaHkþI kMBugEt

manR:C\acas´køaeBk y¨agenH KW ;

EdlCaGñkmin

smøab´kþI eXIjeKaRtUv:neKsmøab´ søab´ehIykþIç esckþIsm<al´

²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu bfvIZatuxagkñúg etIdUcemþc/

za ²eKa³ minTan´sabsUnü:t´eT drabNaEdleKminTan´:nBnøH

ZatuNaCaxagkñuúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´eRKatRKat

vHva rMElkCacMENk>ç bu¨EnþkalebIrMElkehIy ‘ykeTA’ Gg<úy

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

‘lk´’

rEmgsm<al´za

RkckTaMgLay eZμjTaMgLay .l. GaharzμI Gaharcas´ ßk*

esckþInwkKit za ²Gjlk´eKa mnusSTaMgenH

ZatudéTNamYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´

esckþIsm<al´za

Casac´eTAvij .

²eKa³

eTIb:t´eTA

KWsk´TaMgLay

naMykeKaeTA³ y¨agenH minman dl´bursenaHeLIy . EttamBit

eRKatRKat

bursenaH manesckþIKit ya¨genHza ²Gjlk´sac´ ÉmnusSTaMg

Gayu enHehAza bfvIZatu xagkñúg ‘1’ ³ .

bYsehIykþI

kñúgkalmun

kñúgeBlEdlenACabuzuC¢n

mñalGñkTaMgLayman

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu Gae:Zatu xagkñúg etI

enH ‘Tij’yksac´eTA³ y¨agNamijç sUm|IkalPikú¡rUbenH enACa RKhsækþI

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

eramTaMgLay

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ßman

lág´exøAenAeLIy esckþIsm<al´za ²CastV Caburs CabuK<l³

sPaBRbEhlnwgTwk

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

minTan´:t´eTA drabNaEdlPikú¡enaH minTan´BicarNanUvkayenH

esøsμ

ßk*

Ég EdlfitenA y¨agNa EdlxøÜntaMgTukehIy y¨agNa eday

GaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgTwk EdlviJ¦aN

Zatu bMEbkdMuoeTACaEpñk> k*bu¨EnþkalebIPikú¡BicarNa edayZatu

cUleTAkan´yk mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza Gae:Zatu

esckþIsm<al´za stV eTIb:t´eTAç citþ rEmgtaMgenA edayza

xagkñúg

RKan´EtCaZatuEtbu¨eNÑaH . RTg´Rtas´za

eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñkBiXateKa

.l.

‘2’

TwkmURt

KWRbmat´

ZatudéTNanImYyCaxagkñúg

Edl

³ .

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu eteCaZatu xagkñúgetI

Edlbiun

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynwgxøÜn CaePøIg ß

Rbsb´ .l. Kb|IGg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn manóbmay¨agNa

mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk KWeteCa-

mijç

Zatu EdljúaMgkayoekþAsBV 1 eteCaZatu EdleZVIkay oRKaM

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´

Ég .l. ZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

nUvkayenH

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 194ç 2- TMB&rTI 200 .


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smaZinieTÞs

RKa 1 eteCaZatu EdldutkayoRkhl´Rkhay 1 eteCaZatu

rbs´enaHRbRBwtþeTA kñúgxøÜn elakehAza ²bc©tþM³ eRBaHrbs´enaH

sRmab´dutePaCnEdlbuK<lsIu pwk TMBasIu CJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ oRTuD

GaRs&ynUvxøÜnRbRBwtþeTA

eRTam eTAedayRbéB 1 mYyeT[t ZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg

elak eKehAza GZitæI y¨agenaHÉg .

EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaePøIg ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg Edl viJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu

enHehAza

eteCaZatu xagkñuúg ³ .

etIdUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´ mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´

kñúgBYk®sþITaMgLay

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

KW

xül´bk´eLIgelI 1 xül´bk´cuHeRkam 1 xül´bk´enAkñúgépÞ KWbk´ xageRkAeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´kñúgeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´sBVsB(ag<-

kñúg

bTza ²kk¡LM³ ERbza rwg . bTza ²xriKtM³ ERbza eRKat RKat .

bNþabTTaMg 2 enaH bTTI 1 R:b´nUvlk¡N; bTTI 2

R:b´nUvGakar; . eRBaHbfvIZatu manlk¡N;rwg .

nig za ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu vaeyaZatu Caxagkñúg

ß

dUcCaBakü

bfvIZatuenaH

manGakar;eRKatRKat eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²kk¡LM

xriKtM³ . bTza ²ó:TinñM³ ERbza Rbkan´x¢ab´ GZib|ayza kan´yk Rbkan´x¢ab´ Rbkan´yk y¨agCab´ za Gj za rbs´Gj . bTza ²esyüzITM³ Cani:t .

ni:tenaH manesckþIza

kay 1 xül´dkdegØImcUl nig xül´dkdegØImecj 1 mYyvij

sYrza rbs´enaH etIdUcemþc / . bnÞab´GMBIenaH elakkalsMEdg

eT[t vaeyaZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´

esckþIsYrenaH eTIbeBalza ²eksa elama³ bu¨eNÑHCaedIm .

ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´ EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk mñal GñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza vaeyaZatuxagkñuúg ³ . k*ctuZatuvvdðan kñúgmhahtæibTubmsURtenH y¨agNamij sUm|IkñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig ZatuviPg<sURt k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GZib|aykñúgmhahtiæbTubmsURt’ ‘215’

k*kñúgbfvIZatuenH Kb|IRCabza ; bfvIZatu elaksMEdg edayGakar; 20 eRBaHmEnæmmtælugM< ‘xYrkñúgk|al’ .

bfvIZatu

elakse®g<aHehIy kñúgcMENkTaMgLay bI d*ess edaybTza

²yM va bnJ¦m|i kiJ©i³ . ‘Gae:’

enHCaBaküEkbTEdleRCA kñúgRBHsURtenaH . Ca

rbs´Na RCYtRCab KWeTAdl´TIenaH> edayGMNacénkar

bfm bTza ²GCÄtþM bc©tþM³ TaMgBIrenH CaeQμaH énniyks&BÞ .

hUreTA eRBaHehtuenaH rbs´enaH eQμaHza Gae: . rbs´Na eTA

ZmμCatEdlekIt kñúgxøÜn esckþIza GaRs&yenAkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn

kñúgGae:TaMgLay EdlmanRbkarepSg> edayGMNacénsmudðan

eQμaHza niyk; .

niyk; enHnu@H

elakehAza ²GCÄtþM³ eRBaH

mankmμsmudðanCaedIm

eRBaHehtuenaH

rbs´enaH

eTIbeQμaHza


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Baküza ²eyn c GsitbItxayitsayitM smμa briNamM

Gae:Kt; ‘RbEhlnwgTwk’ . rbs´enaH :ndl´GVI/ . :ndl´ lk¡N; KWkarRCYtRCab énGae:Zatu .

smaZinieTÞs

Kcäti³ esckþIza rbs´EdlbuK<lsIu man:yCaedImkþI rbs´

‘eteCa’

EdlbuK<lpwk manTwk:n;CaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lTMBasIu man

ePøIg eRBaHGMNacénkareZVIoekþA .

nMGMEbgCaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lCJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ mansVayTMu TwkXMu

vtæúNa eTAehIy kñúgeteCaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmk

nig TwkGMeBACaedImkþI enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarrlYyeTA y¨agRsYl

ehIynu@HÉg

GZib|ayza rEmgdl´nUvkarEbgEckeTA edayPav;manrsCaedIm

rbs´EdleQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

eteCaKt;

‘RbEhlnwgePøIg’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / . vtæúenaH :ndl´

edayeteCaKt; ÉNamYy .

lk¡N; KWCarbs´EdlekþA .

k*kñúgGakar; 4 y¨agn@uH Gakar; 3 xagedIm maneteCaZatu

Baküza ²eyn c³ esckþIza ragkayenH rEmgekþAsBV KWekItCMhayekþA

Casmudðan Gakar;cugeRkameK mankmμCasmudðanEmnBit .

‘vaeya’

edayPaBCaRKunmanRKunmYyézáCaeTAvijCaedIm

ZmμCatEdleQμaHza vaeya eRBaHGMNacénkarbk´pat´ .

eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkeLIg . Baküza ²eyn c Criyti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg RTuDeRTameTA

KWEtgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkman«®nÞIy¾minRKb´RKan´

nUv

vtæúNa eTAkñúgvaeyaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy nu@HÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH eQμaHza vaeyaKt; ‘RbEhlnwg

PaBGs´kmøaMgkMEhg nig nUvPaBCaGñkmanEs|kRCIvRCYj nigman

xül´’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / .

sk´s,ÚvCaedIm eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYy .

kMerIk .

Baküza ²eyn c CbriTyØti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg Rkhl´Rkhay eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkehIy . k*

vtæúenaH :ndl´lk¡N; KWkar

Baküza ²óTÆg<ma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´eTAxagelI júaMg Gakar;maneRKI nig RteGIkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA . Baküza ²GeZa

GatμaGjekþAEmn³

Kma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´cuHmkeRkam naMykóc©ar; nig bsSav;

R:zñacg´:nnUvzñaMsMrab´Büa:lkMedA mansteZatsb|I ‘TwkedaH

CaedImoecjmk . bTza ²kucäisya vata³ KWxül´enAxageRkA

zøaEdleKrMgas´ehIyykeTARtaMTwk> mYyrydg’ nUveKasItcnÞn¾

eBaHev[n . bTza ²ekadðasya vata³ KWxül´xagkñúgeBaHev[n .

‘eRbgc&nÞn¾ EdleKpSMedayTwkedaHeKa’ CaedIm nig nUvxül´Edl

bTza

bk´ecjGMBIZagetñatpg .

sB(ag<kaytUcZMM kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl tamExSsrésQam júaMgkar

buK<lenaH

knÞk´kenÞjza

²GatμaGjekþAEmn

²Gg<mg<asnusariena

vata³

KWxül´Edlbk´eTAtamsBV


visuTÆimK< ERb

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280

smaZinieTÞs

bt´ nig karlatecj ‘nUvGvyv;’ CaedIm oekIteLIg . bTza

xagsRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminsUvxøaMgkøavij kalebIeZVITukkñúgcitþ

²GsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImcUleTABÆd*xagkñúg . bTza

y¨agdUecñHç kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´´ . Tal´Et

²bsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImecjeTAxageRkA .

Pikú¡enaHeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayn&ymun eTIbkmμdðanR:kd

k*kñúgxül´ 6 y¨agenH xül´ 5 xagedIm Cactusmudðan

c|as´ . esckþIenH manóbmay¨agdUcemþc/ . manóbmaza kal

‘KWmancitþ kmμ rdUv nig GaharCasmudðan’ xül´GsSas; nig

ebIPikú¡ 2 rUb sVaZüay nUvviZIEdlmanebyüaleRcInç Pikú¡Gñkman

bsSas; mancitþCasmudðanEtmüa¨g .

bJ¦axøaMgkøa júaMgebyüalmux oBisþar mYycb´ ß BIrcb´ehIy

edaybTza ²yM va bnJ¦m|ikiJ©i³ enH KWelakse®g<aH Gae:ZatuCaedIm kñúgcMENkd*essTaMgLay kñúgnieTÞsTaMgBYg . edayRbkardUceBalmkenH ZatuTaMg4 KWelakeZVIoBisþar ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 42 KW bfvIZatu edayGakar; 20 Gae:Zatu edayGakar 12 eteCaZatu edayGakar; 4 vaeyaZatu edayGakar; 6 y¨aenHÉg . enHCakarBN(naesckþIén:lI kñúg ctuZatuvvdðanenaH Cabfm .

cMENkvinicä&y

kñúgPavnan&y

kaleZVInUvkarsVaZüay

edayGMNacénTIbMputTaMgBIr

hñwgÉg eTAç bNþaPik¡T ú aMg 2 rUb enaH Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminxøaMgkøa nwgCaGñkeBal y¨agenHza ²enaHKWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:n eZVIoRtwmEtbbUrmat´b¨HBal´Kñapgç kalebIeZVIkarsVaZüayEbbenH eBlNaeTA viZIEbbbT nwgsÞat´CMnaj:n³ . Pikú¡enaH júaMg ebyüalmuxEdlmkdl´ehIy>

oBisþarPøam>

ehIyeZVInUvkar

sVaZüayç Pikú¡eRkABIenH k*eBaleTAkan´Pikú¡rUbenaH y¨agenHza ²nu@H KWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:ndl´TIbMputpg kaleZVIkarsVaZüay

‘Pavnan&y y¨agseg¡b’ ‘216’

bnÞab´mk

kñúgZatukmμdðanenH

y¨agenH

eBlNaeTA reb[bEbbbT nwgdl´nUvTIbMput:n³ dUecñH

bNÐitKb|IRCabdUcteTAenH . sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\axøaMgkøa kar

y¨agNamijç karkMNt´Zatu edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;

kMNt´ZatuedayBisþarza ²sk´TaMgLayCaZatudI eramTaMgLayCa

mansk´CaedIm rEmgR:kd yWtyUr sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMg

ZatudI³ y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgR:kd edayyWtyUr . bu¨EnþkalebI

køaç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayseg¡b tamn&yza ²vtæú

Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²vtæúNa manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudIç

Na manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudI³ dUecñHCaedImç kmμdðan eTIb

vtæúNa manlk¡N;ravRCYtRCab vtæúenH KWZatuTwkç vtæúNa man

R:kdç cMENkxagPikú¡eRkABIenH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUecñaHEdr

lk¡N;ekþA vtæúenH KWZatuePøIgç vtæúNa manlk¡N;kMerIkeTA:n

kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´ç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITuk

vtæúenH KWZatuxül´³ dUecñHç

kñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;mansk´CaedIm kmμdðan

kmμdðan rEmgR:dkc|as´ .

cMENk


visuTÆimK< ERb

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282

smaZinieTÞs

TaMgLayenaH edayédKWjaNEdlsÞúHeTAtamcenøaH> énekadðas

rEmgR:kdc|as´ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘viZIcMerInZatukmμdðansMrab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦akøa’

enaH> ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay tamn&yxagedImenaHÉg za

eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMgkøa CaGñkR:zñanwgcMerIn

²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa kñúgekadðasTaMgLay

kmμdðanenH CadMbUg Kb|IeTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM BicarNanUvrUbkay

enH enHKWCaZatudI³ dUecñHCaedIm ehIynwkCJ¢wgrMBwgKit eZVITukkñúg

rbs´xøÜnTaMgmUl ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay edayseg¡b y¨ag

citþ BicarNa edayzaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv;

enHza ²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúg

za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³ dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> .

kayenH

enHKWZatudIç PaBCarbs´RCYtRCabeTA:nkþI PaBCarbs´

Büayam y¨agdUecñaHç smaZi EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

ravkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuTwkç PaBCarbs´eqHkIþ

kMNt´ykehIy CasmaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar;

PaBCarbs´ekþA ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuePøIgç PaBCa

eRBaHCasmaZiEdlmansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg eday

rbs´bk´e:kkþI PaBCarbs´kMerIkkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enH

minyWtyUreLIy .

kalebIPikú¡enaH

KWZatuxül´³ dUecñH ehIyKb|InwkrMBwgeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa eday

enHCaPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðanEdlmkehIyedayseg¡b .

zaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv; za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³

‘vitæarn&y’

dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> . kalebIPikú¡enaH Büayam y¨agdUecñH smaZi

EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

kMNt´ykehIy

Ca

smaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar; eRBaHCasmaZiEdl

‘217’ cMENkPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðan EdlmkehIy edayBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH . k*RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦aminxøaMgkøa

R:zñanwgcMerInkmμdðanenH

mansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg edayminyWtyUreLIy .

Kb|Ier[nyknUvZatuTaMgLay edayBisþar edayGakar;TaMgLay

ßebImindUecñaHeT ekadðas ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay 4 enHÉNa

42 kñúgsMNak´énGacarü ehIyenAkñúgTIesnasn; manRbkardUc

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy edIm|IdMEdgnUvPaBénmhaPUtrUb

eBalmkehIy eZVIkic©TaMgBYgo:nseRmc eTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM

TaMg 4 minEmnCastV za ²Gakas EdlGaRs&yqÁwgxøH GaRs&y

Kb|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGakar;TaMgLay 4 y¨agdUecñH za ³eday

srésxøH GaRs&ysac´xøH GaRs&yEs|kxøH rYbrYmCamYyKñaehIy

ssmÖarseg¡b ‘seg¡bekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk> tamGakar;

eTIbehAza rUb:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñaHÉg . Pikú¡ Kb|IcMENknUvekadðas

énZatuenaH>’ edayssmÖarviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuTaMgenaH>

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ

PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 211 .

kMNt´Gakar; edayELkGMBIKña’

edayslk¡Nseg¡b ‘seg¡b


visuTÆimK< ERb ekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk>

tamlk¡N;énZatuenaH>’

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eday

edayvaca

smaZinieTÞs nUvGakarTaMgLay

mantcbJ©k;CaedIm

kñúgGakar;

slk¡NviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuenaH> kMNt´lk¡N;eday

32

ELkGMBIKña’³ .