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BÇsÇ2552

♣♣

PaK TIPaK2 TI2

cUrkMuePÂcxÂçn rkFmáGafá yksIl smaFi Pavna TIBwgenHCa suxsan¶eGIy . ♣

♣♣

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

visuTiìmKðE¨b

Bwg«¨trtna cit¶sTìa

visuTiìmKðE¨b ERbeday

sa®sþacarü rs´-saevn er[ber[geday Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n I G i

e:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTanecjBI

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

shrdðGaemrik

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2834 U.S.A.

elIkTI1

cMnYn 5ç000 k|al rkSasiTÆi

PaKTI2

BÇ sÇ 2552


2

bkrN_viesseQμa¼visuTi§mK:ERb

dl´RBm énbc©&yCaeRK]g t nUvGayu TukCakalman rEmgman

PaKTI 2

eRBaHPav;énkmμEdljúaMgbdisnÆioekIt Cakmμmanvi:kqÁin eday viessEtb¨ueNÑaH mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN; eRBaHGs´buNü .

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mrN;Na rEmgman edayGMNacénkiriyaGs´eTAénGayu man

‘mrNsSti’ ‘141’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkiriyacMerInnUv

mrNsSti bnÞab´GMBIeTvtanusStienH dl´ehIytamlMdab´. cUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kar

kñúgPB

mYy eQμaHzamrN; kñúgBaküza ²mrNsSti³ enaH. cMENkxag mrN;enHNa eBalKWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvTuk¡ kñúgvdþ énRBH GrhnþTaMgLay mrN;Na

mrNsStienaH

eQμaHza

eBalKWkiriyaEbkZøaykñúgxN;

smuecäTmrN;ç énsg¡arTaMgLay

mrN;enaH eQμaHza xNikmrN;ç mrN;Na kñúgRbeyaKTaMg Lay manRbeyaKdUecñHCaedImza ²eQIgab´ elah;gab´³ mrN; enaH eQμaHza smμtimrN; .

mrN; 3 RbkarenaH KWRBHman

RBHPaK minRTg´RBHbMNgykehIy kñúgnieTÞsenH . cMENkxag mrN;enHNa

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´RBHbMNgykehIy

mrN;enaH man 2 Rbkar KW; kalmrN; 1 GkalmrN; 1 . bNþamrN;TaMg 2 RbkarenaH kalmrN; rEmgmaneRBaHkiriya Gs´buNüxøH eRBaHGs´GayuxøH eRBaHGs´buNü nig GayuTaMg 2 xøHç GkalmrN; rEmgman edayGMNacénkmμEdlcUleTApþac´ bg´nUvkmμ . k*bNþamrN;TaMg 2 enaH mrN;Na nakalkiriya

RbmaNRtwmEtmYyryqñaM

bIdUcCaGayurbs´burs

kñúgeBlsBV

ézáenH eRBaHkiriyaminmanénsm|tþi manKti kal nig Gahar Ca edIm mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN;eRBaHGs´Gayu. cMENkmrN; Na mandl´buK<lTaMgLay Gñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g t ‘nUvGayu’ RtUvkmμEdlGackñúgkiriyajúaMgstVoXøatcakTI

kñúgxN;enaHÉg

cUleTApþac´bg´ dUcCamnusS:bTaMgLay manRBH:TTusImar nig RBH:TklaBuCaedImkþI

dl´buK<lTaMgLayGñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g

t ‘nUvGayu’ cUleTApþac´bg´ edayesckþIBüayam mankiriyaeRbI nUveRK]gs®sþaCaedIm edayGMNacénkmμ EdlmankñúgkalmunkþI mrN;enH eQμaHza GkalmrN; . elakse®g<aHehIy

mrN;TaMgGs´enaH KW

edaykiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

man

RbkardUc:neBalmkehIy . esckþIrlwknUvesckþIsøab´ eBal KWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

dUcEzøgmkenH

eQμaHza

mrNsSti . ‘viZIcMerInmrNsSti’ RBHeyaKavcrGñkmanbMNgedIm|IcMerInmrNsStienaH Kb|I eTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjcakGarmμN¾ smáMenA eTaHbIjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yénR:C\a za ²esckþIsøab´ng w man CIviti-


visuTÆimK< ERb

3

®nÞiy nwgdac´sUnü³ dUecñHkþI ß za ²mrN;>³ dUecñHkþI .

4

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRBaHza

kaljúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH eQμaHza oRbRBwtþeTA

kalRBHeyaKavcr júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yminCa

edayó:yénR:C\a GZib|ayza oRbRBwtþeTAedayó:y . Bit

R:C\aç esckþIesakrEmgekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþI

EmnehIy

søab´ énCnCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIesak ekIteLIg kñúgkiriya

y¨agdUecñHÉgç nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ç sti Edlman

rlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´ énkUnCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´matabeg,It

mrN;CaGarmμN¾ rEmgtaMgenARBmç kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvóbcar;

y¨agdUecñaHÉgç esckþIR:emaC¢ rEmgekIteLIg kñúgkarrlwker]y>

EmnBit .

kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH

nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnminCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIR:emaC¢ ekIt eLIg dl´CnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay kñúgkarrlwker]y> nUvesckþI

júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA

‘karrlwkedayGakar; 8’ Etza

kmμdðan

minmandl´RBHeyaKavcrNa

edayehtu

søab´ énCnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay dUecñaHEdrç esckþIsegVK nwg

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH RBHeyaKavcrenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvesckþI

minekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnCakNþal

søab´ edayGakar; 8 enH KW ;

dUcCaesckþIsegVK minekIteLIg dl´CnGñkdutnUvsaksB kñúg

edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat 1ç

kiriyaeXIjnUvsaksBénexμac dUecñaHç esckþItk´søút rEmgekIt

edayvibtþiénsm|tþi 1ç

eLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´rbs´xøÜn dUcCaesckþI

edayesckþIeRb[beZ[b 1ç

tk´søút ekIteLIgdl´CnGñkRbkbedayCatiCaGñkxøac eRBaHeXIj

edaykayCasaZarN;dl´stVeRcIn 1ç

nUveBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIg .

edayGayumankmøaMgexSay 1ç

karekIteLIgénesckþIesak

CaedImTaMgGs´enHenaH rEmgman dl´buK<lGñkEdlenAR:scak

edayCIvitminmaneRK]gsm<al´ 1ç

sti segVK; nig jaN .

edaykiriyakMNt´nUvkal 1ç

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

rmilemIl nUvstVEdlRtUveKsmøab´ nwgstVEdlsøab´ehIy kñúg TIenaH>

ehIyBicarNa

nUvesckþIsøab´

ehIy

mansm|tþiEdlxøÜnZøab´eXIjehIy

edayCIvitmanxN;tic 1 .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI1’

rbs´BYkstVEdlsøab´ ehIyRbkbnUvsti

‘142’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²vZkb|c©úbdðaneta³ man

segVK; nig jaN ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayn&y

esckþIza edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat . GZib|ayza RBH

CaedIm za ²esckþIsøab´nwgman³ dUecñH . eRBaHza RBHeyaKavcr

eyaKavcr Kb|Irlwker]y> za ; eBCÄXat Kitza ²Gjnwgkat´


visuTÆimK< ERb

5

nUvk|alénbursenH³ dUecñHehIy cab´ykdavmkpÞab´Rtg´-k Qr enAR:kd y¨agNamijç sUm|IesckþIsøab´k*R:kdy¨agenaHEdr . sYrza eRBaHehtuGIV/ . eqøIyza eRBaHesckþIsøab´mkehIy CamYy nwgCatipg eRBaHvanaMyknUvCIviteTApg . dUcCapSitk|alBs´enA RkBMu TUlykGacm¾dI puseLIg y¨agNamijç stVTaMgLayEtg naMyknUvCra nig mrN; ehIyekIteLIg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . Bit dUecñaHEmn bdisniÆcitþ énstVTaMgLayenaH k*rEmgdl´nUvesckþI RKaMRKa kñúglMdab´énkiriyaekIteLIgenaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay mYy GenøIedayxnÆEdlRbkbRBmehIyTaMgLay dUcCadMuzμEdlrem[l Zøak´cuHmkBIelIkMBUlPñM ‘Ebk’ y¨agenaHEdr .

xNikmrN; mk

ehIy mYyGenøIedayCatimun y¨agenHÉg . EtsUm|ImrN; Edl elakbMNgykehIy

kñúgmrNsStienH

k*mkehIy

mYyGenøI

edayCati eRBaHstVEdlekItmkehIyRtUvEtsøab´EmnBit. eRBaH ehtuenaH stVenH cab´edImGMBIkalEdlekItmkehIy k*manmux eq¬aHeTAkan´esckþIsøab´ eTAminRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc eRb[b:nnwgRBHGaTitü

EdlrHeLIgehIy

manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TI

taMgenAmin:n ecHEteTA minRtLb´vij GMBITIEdlxøÜneTAehIy> sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc BMuenaHesat eRb[bdUcCasÞwgtUc hUrZøak´cuHGMBI PñM

manExSTwkel]n

naMyknUvvtæúEdlKYrnaMykeTA

ecHEthUreTA

ecHEtRT:j´eTAEtmüa¨g minRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IEtbnþicbnÜþc k*y¨agenaHEdr . eBalza ;

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGeyaXkumareBaZistV

6

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

stV enAkñúgK(P Gs´raRtINamYyCadMbUg stVenaH

RbRBwtþeTA dUcCaBBkEdltaMgeLIg stVenaHecH EteTAer]y> minEdlRtLb´vilvijeT ‘1’ .

mYyeT[t kalstVenaH ecHEteTA y¨agdUecñHç esckþIsøab´ ecHEtmkCitbeg,Iy dUcCakiriyarIgsáÜténsÞwgtUcTaMgLay Edl RtUvkMedAézá

kñúgKimØrdUvpg

dUcCakarZøak´cuH

énEpøeQITaMgLay

EdlmanTgRbRBwtþeTAtamrsénGae: kñúgeBlRBwkpg dUcCakar EbkZøay énPaCn;dITaMgLay EdlRtUveKvaybMEbkehIy eday dMbgbYnRCugpg nig dUcCakarkMcat´bg´nUvtMNk´ énTwksenSImTaMg Lay EdlRtUvrsμIRBHGaTitüBal´RtUvehIypg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Kaza 3 CadMbUg nig RBHeBaZistV eBalKaza TI 4 za ;

ézánigyb´ ecHEtknøgeTAç CIvitecHEtzycuH

mkç Gayurbs´stVTaMgLayecHEtGs´eTA dUcCa

TwksÞwgtUc ecHEtrIgsáÜteTA y¨agenaHÉg ‘2’ .

EpøeQITaMgLayEdlTMuehIy EtgP&yGMBIkar

RCuHcuHcakedIm GMBIRBlwm y¨agNamijç stVTaMg

LayEdlekItmkehIy

EtgP&yGMBIesckþIsøab´

Gs´kalCanic© k*y¨agdUecñaHHEdr .

PaCn¾dIEdlnaysμÚnqñaMgeZVIehIy eTaHtUckþI

1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 60 TMB&r 142 . 2- sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI29 TMB&r 297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

7

ZMkþI qÁinkþI eqAkþI suTÆEtmankarEbkZøayeTACaTI

8

vibtþieTA:nenaH BitCaminmanesaHeLIy .

bMputTaMgGs´ y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMg

RKgsm|tþielIEpndITaMgmUl RTg´cayRBHraCRTBü

TwksenSIm elIcugesμA EtgRCuHZøak´ eRBaH

100 ekadi RTg´dl´nUvPaBCaZM kñúgTIbMput énvtæú

kiriyarHeLIg énRBHGaTitü y¨agNamijç Gayu k*y¨agenaHEdrç

sUmEm¨kMuhamXat´x\úMeLIy .

RtwmEtEpøknÞÜtéRB

bBiRtEm¨

kayenaHÉg

mYyeT[t mrN;enHenaH ecHEtnaMyknUv

CIviteTAEtmüa¨g luHnaMykeTAehIy k*minnaMykmkvijeLIy dUc CaeBCÄXatenaH naMykdav‘dak´’Rtg´-k dUecñaHÉg .

eRBaHehtu

enaH esckþIsøab´ eQμaHzaCaZmμCatR:kdEmnBit dUceBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIgehIy eRBaHmrN;mkehIy CamYynwgCatipg

nakal

edaycMNgKWrag

RBHGg<RTg´manRBHP®kþeq¬aHeTArk

esckþIsøab´ RTg´CYbnUvesckþIesakesA . mYyeT[t

esckþIminmaneraKTaMgGs´

manBüaZiCaTIbMput

v&yTaMgGs´ manCraCaTIbMput CIvitTaMgGs´ manesckþIsøab´CaTI bMput

elaksnñivasTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

edjtamehIy ehIy .

eRBaHnaMyknUvCIviteTACamYypg dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

KWCatieTAtamehIy

RtUvBüaZiRKbsg,t´ehIy

eRBaHehtudUecñaH

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ;

Tl´nwgGakas kalebIrebIkZøak´mk k*Kb|Irem[l sg,t´ ‘nUvstVTaMgLay’ edayCMuvijRKb´TisTaMg

dUecñHÉg .

bYn y¨agNamijç Cra nigmrN; EtgRKbsg,t´

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI2’

nUvstVTaMgLay eTaHCakSRtkþI RBahμN¾kþI Gñk

‘143’ bTza ²sm|tiþvibtþieta³ GZib|ayza ; drabNa

CMnYjkþI Gñk®KYkþI eTaHCamnusScNÐal nig Gñk

vibtþi minRKbsg,t´nUvsm|tþienaH drabenaH eQμaHzasm|tþi kñúg elakenH EtgenAlÁsÁat .

ecalsMramkþI

Etza eQμaHzasm|tþi EdlknøgnUv

suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 16 TMB&rTI 256 .

EtgjaMjITaMgGs´

minmanelIk

ElgstVNanImYyesaHeLIy k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg . 1–

sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI

KWCra

RtUvmrN;kMcat´bg´

PñMTaMgLay EdlCazμtan´d*ZM ‘1’ mankMBUlx¬s´

rlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat y¨ag

1–

Bak´kNþalbu¨eNÑaHç

buNümkdl´kiriyaGs´ehIy

mrN;mkehIyCamYynwgCati dUcCaeBCÄXat mandavga eLIgehIy y¨agenH .

BitdUecñaHEmn

sUm|IRBH:TGesak RTg´manesckþIsux RTg´RKb´

Lay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr ‘1’ .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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10

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgCra nig mrN;enaH PUmiénBldMrI minman PUmi

CaGñkmanysZM’ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eT[t «tmanGñkNamYy GacykQñH ‘nUvCra

CaGñkmanysZM y¨agenHCamunza; esckþIsøab´enH minmanesckþI

énBlrzminman PUmiénBlezμIreCIg minmanç mYy nig mrN;enaH’ edays®g<am edayGaz(kM:Mg ß edayRTBü:neLIy .

vibtþiKWmrN; CaTIbMputénsm|tþiKWCIvit dUceBalmkenH . RBHeyaKavcr kalkMNt´Pav;énCIvit manesckþIsøab´ CaTIbMput enaH Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edayvibtþicaksm|tþi .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI3’ ‘144’ bTza ²óbsMhrNeta³ xøÜnCamYynwgBYkCndéT .

KWedaykareRb[beZ[b

kñúger]genaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Irlwk

esckþIsøab´er]y> edaykareRb[beZ[b edayGakar; 7 KW ;

ysmhtþeta edayPaBCaGñkmanysZMç buJ¦mhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcInç

zammhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmankmøaMgeRcInç

«TÆimhtþeta bJ¦amhtþeta bec©kBuTÆeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcInç edayPaBCaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcInç edayPaBCaRBHbec©kBuTÆç

smμasm¬úTÆmhtþeta

edayPaBCaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆç

‘ysmhtþeta’ sYrza ;

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sgS&yeLIy Zøak´cuHelIRBHraCaTaMgLay cab´epþImGMBIesþcRTg´ RBHnammhasmμt; esþcRTg´RBHnammnÆatu esþcRTg´RBHnammha suTsSn; esþcRTg´RBHnamTL$enmi GñkmanysZMmanbrivareRcIn manRTBü nig manBahn;eRcIn caM:c´eBaleTAzVI esckþIsøab´nwg minZøak´mkelIxøÜnGj .

Gñ k manysZM TaM g Lay mhasmμ t ;CaedI m

manesþ c RTg´ R BHnam

Caesþ c RbesI r

Gm|al

y¨agesþcTaMgenaH Kg´dl´ehIynUvGMNac énmc©ú caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

‘buJ¦mhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

esdðITaMgLayenH KW esdðIeQμaHeCatiy; eQμaH Cdil;

eQμaHóK<;

esdðIeQμaHbuNÑ;

eQμaHemNÐk;

BMuenaHesat

nig CnTaMgLayÉeT[t Edl


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suTÆEtl|I> za CaGñkmanbuNüd*eRcIn kñúgelak GñkTaMgGs´enaH suTÆEtdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

12

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RBHGK<sav&k TI2 Na CaGñkRbesIrCagbuK<lGñk manb\TÆiTaMgLay kaljúaMgevCynþR:saTmino keRmIk edayRtwmEtcugemeCIg RBHGK<sav&k TI 2 enaH

Kg´cUleTAkan´mat´énmc©ú

mYyGenøIedayGñkmanb\TÆiTaMgLay dUcCaRmwKcUl

‘zammhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eTAkan´mat´énsIh; caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<l TaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bJ¦amhtþeta’

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

RBHvasueTB

RBHBleTB

RBHPImesn;

RBH

yudðil; sUm|Ihnur; GñkcM:b´ZM> dl´ehIy nUv GMNacénesckþIsøab´ GñkTaMgenaHÉgEdlsuTÆEt CaGñkl|I> dl´ehIynUvPaBCaGñkmankmøaMg kñúg elak y¨agenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´ eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lR:kddUcGj dUecñH .

‘«TÆimhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

EdlKYroRBWxøac

CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

elIkElgEtRBHelaknazecj stVTaMgLayNa déTeT[t

EdlmanstVTaMgLayenaH

mindl´

nUvcMNit TI16 EdleKEckehIy Gs´fan; 16 dg énbJ¦arbs´RBHsarIbuRtç RBHGK<sav&k TI1 eQμaHza CaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn y¨agenH dl´ehIy nUvGMNacénesckþIsøab´

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

kñúg

buK<lTaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bec©kBuTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB


visuTÆimK< ERb

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CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

14

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mansIlk¡nÆd*brisuTÆsÁat edayGakar;TaMgBYgCaedIm dl´ehIy

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

nUveRtIy énPaBCaGñkmanysZM PaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn PaB

CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUecñH za ; sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgLayenaHNa

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn PaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn nig PaBCaGñkman

eZVInUvkiriyajaMjIsRtUv KWkielsTaMgBYg edayBl;KWjaN nig

bJ¦aeRcIn minmanbuK<lesμI esμIedaybuK<lminmanbuK<lesμI min

vIriy; rbs´xøÜn :ndl´nUvbec©ksem¬aZi CaRBHsymÖÚ dUcCakuy

manbuK<leRb[b manbuK<leRb[bminman CaRBHGrhnþ Rtas´dwg

rmasç

edayRbéBç

sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgenaH

k*minrYcputehIyGMBIesckþIsøab´

cuHeyIgnwgrYcputGMBITINa:n .

dl´ehIynUvkiriyaGs´eTA

RTg´sáb´rmáab´ehIy

edayfan; edaykiriyaZøak´cuHéntMNk´TwkePø{g KWmrN; eRb[b

RBHmehsITaMgLayÉNa GaRs&ynUvnimitþenaH> BicarNa

sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

énGasav;

edayetCHénjaNCaRBHsymÖÚ eRb[bdUcCakuy

dUcCaKMnrePøIgd*ZM rlt´edaykiriyaZøak´cuHénRKab´ePø{gKWTwk .

ZmμtaesckþIsøab´enaHNa

pSayGMNacmkdl´

RBHmehsI GñkmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH eday

rmas eRBaHkiriyaRtac´eTAnigenAEtmñak´Égç sUm|I

mi n manesckþ I x ø a c

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa

xμas minmanekatjejIt jaMjInUvstVTaMgGs´

RBHmehsITaMgLayenaH k*knøgnUvmc©úBMu:neLIy Gj dUecñH .

‘smμasm¬úTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eLIy

edaymi n manesckþ I x μ a s

esckþIsøab´enHenaH

EdlminmanesckþI

nwgminmkRKbsg,t´nUvstV R:kddUcCaGj dUc emþc:n dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

eRb[beZ[bxøÜn

mYyGenøIedayCn

TaMgLaydéT EdlbribUredayPaBCaZM manPaBCaGñkmanysZM

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaedIm edayPaBCaGñkmanmrN;esμIKña dUecñHeehIy rlwker]y>

CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUecñHza ; sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKenaHNa man

za ²esckþIsøab´ nwgmandl´GjEdr dUcmandl´BYkstVviess

RBHrUbkayviciRt edaymhaburislk¡N; 32 Rbkar Rbdab´ehIy

TaMgLayenaH³ dUecñHehIy kmμdðan nwgdl´óbcar;Bit .

edayGnuBüJ¢n; 80 manRBHZmμkaysMercehIy edayKuNrtn;

eyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edaykareRb[beZ[by¨agenH .

RBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

15

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI4’

16

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kiriyaZøak´cuH énóbRTBüTaMgLayenaHEmnBit .

bTza ²kayBhusaZarNeta³ esckþIza TUeTA

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

dl´stVeRcIn KWTUeTAdl´hVÚvdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 BYk edayBit .

Pikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH kalebIézáknøgeTAehIy yb´

bNþahVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgenaH dg,ÚvEdlGaRs&ynUvEs|ksm|úrézá EtgsIu

mkdl´vij EtgBicarNadUecñHza; ehtuénesckþIsøab´ rbs´Gatμa

nUvEs|ksm|úrézá

Gj maneRcInNas´etI ‘dUcCa’ Bs´cwkGatμaGjkþI xÞÜyTicGatμa

‘145’

EdlGaRs&ynUvEs|k

EtgTMBasIunUvEs|k

EdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ EtgTMBasIunUvsac´ EdlGaRs&ynUvsrés EtgTMBasIunUvsrés

EdlGaRs&ynUvqÁwg

EtgTMBasIunUvqwÁg

EdlGaRs&yxYrkñúgqÁwg EtgTMBasIunUvxYrkñúgqÁwg vaekIt cas´ søab´ benÞabg´óc©ar; nig bsSav; dak´kñúgsrIrRbeTsenaHÉg .

k*rag

kay CapÞHsMrab´ekIt Cam®nÞIreBTü CasaksB CaéRBsμsan Ca bg<n´ nig CasñÚksMrab´benÞabg´bsSav; énhÚVgdg,ÚvTaMgLayenaH ragkayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´ edaykiriyakMerIk énhVÚg dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kayenH CaTUeTAdl´hVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 hVÚg

GjkþI EkÁbxaMGatμaGjkþI GatμaGjnwgsøab´ GnþrayenaH nwgman dl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtBs´cwkCaedImenaH GatμaGjPøat´dYlkþI PtþEdlGatμaGjbriePaKehIyhl´kþI

kþI esøsμrbs´GatμaGjkeRmIkkþI kgxül´dUcs®sþavuZ rbs´Gatμa Gj keRmIkkþI BYkmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI BYkGmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI

EdlmankñúgxageRkA KWstVmanBisTaMgLay manBs´ nig xÞÜy CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRb[bdUcCaeRK]gRbharTaMgLay man kUnsr lMEBg p<ak´ nig dMuzμCaedIm EdlmkehIyGMBITisTaMgBYg rEmgZøak´cuH kñúgvg´CaeRK]gkMNt´EdleKtm,l´TukehIy elIpøÚvZM

kayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´

eday

GnþrayenaH

nwg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykayCa TUeTA dl´stVnigbc©&y énesckþIsøab´eRcInRbkar y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI5’ ‘146’

bTza ²GayuTuBVleta³ esckþIza ZmμtaGayunu@H

minmankMLaMg mankMLaMgexSay .

BitdUecñaHEmn CIvit rbs´stV

TaMgLay Cab´Tak´Tgedayxül´dkdegØImcUlecj 1 Cab´Tak´Tg eday«riyabz 1

Cab´Tak´Tg edayRtCak´ekþA 1

Cab´Tak´Tg

edaymhaPUtrUb 1 Cab´Tak´TgedayGahar 1 . CIvitenHenaH kal:nnUvPaBRbRBwtþieTAesμI énxül´dkdegØIm

EbkCabYn y¨agNaç óbRTBTaMgBYgTaMgLay k*Zøak´cuHelIkay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

GatμaGjnwgsøab´

mandl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtPøat´dYlCaedImenaH ‘1’ ³ .

y¨agNamijç ‘kayenH’ k*CaTUeTAdl´bc©&yTaMgLay énesckþI søab´ EdlRbRBwtþeTABÆd*xagkñúghñwgÉg :ndl´eraKeRcInryCMBUk

Rbmat´rbs´GatμaGjkMerIk

1–

suÇ GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 317 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

17

cUl nig xül´dkdegIØmecjhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n .

18

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*bu¨Enþ

kalebIxül´kñúgRcmuH EdlecjeTAxageRkAehIy mincUlmkxag

RBHeyaKavcr

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI6’ ‘147’ bTza ²Gnimitþeta³ KW edayminmankMNt´ esckþI

eQμaHza søab´ehIy . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

za edayminmanénkarkMNt´ .

én«riyabzTaMgLaybYnhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n b¨uEnþeRBaHPav;

1 kEnøgsMrab´dak´cuHnUvragkay 1 Kti 1 rbs´

dac´sUnü . CIvitenH

vinas . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énmhaPUtrUbTaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n bu¨EnþeRBaHbNþa bfvIZatu ß bNþaZatuTaMgLay manGae:ZatuCaedIm ZatuNa mYykeRmIk buK<lsUm|IbribUrehIyedaykMLaMg k*CaGñkmankay rwgRkj¨g´xøH

mankayrlYysÁúyesAhμg

edayGMNacéneraK

kñúgCIvelak

minmannimitþ

KWGñk

NamYy k*dwgmin:nEdr .

bu¨Enþkal

ebIbuK<lRtUvRtCak´éRkeBkkþI ekþAéRkeBkkþI RKbsg,t´ehIy rEmg

mYyeT[t

stVTaMgLay

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énRtCak´ nig ekþATaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

EmnBit

Zm(TaMgLay 5 enH KW CIvit 1 BüaZi 1 kal

én«riyabzNamYy> ‘RbRBwtþeTA’ hYsRbmaN Gayusg¡ar eTIb

mYyeT[t

edayGayu

mankMLaMgexSay dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

kñúgvijkþI kalebIxül´EdlcUleTAehIy minecjmkvijkþI buK<l

mYyeT[t

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

bNþaZm(TaMgLay 5 enaH eQμaHza CIvit minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´za ²stVKb|Irs´enA Gs´kalmanRbmaN bu¨eNÑHÉg minKb|Irs´enA xagmuxbnÞab´GMBIenHeT³ dUecñHCaedIm . d|itza

stVTaMgLay

søab´kñúgkalEdlxøÜnenACakll;k*man

kñúgkalenACaGm¬úT; Caebsi CaXn; enAkñúgKP(:n 1 Ex :n 2 Ex :n 3 Ex :n 4 Ex :n 5 Ex nig :n 10 Ex k*man kñúg sm&yEdlecjcaképÞk*man bnÞab´BIenaHmk søab´xagkñúg 100 qñaMk*man xageRkA ‘elIsGMBI’ 100 qñaM k*mandUcKñaEdr .

maneraKZøak´QamCaedImxøH manesckþIekþARkhayd*ZMRKbsg,t´xøH

ÉBüaZi eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankiriyakMNt´za

CaGñkmantMN nig cMNgdac´xøH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTAénCIvit .

²stVTaMgLay søab´edayBüaZienHEtbu¨eNÑaH minsøab´edayBüaZi

mYyvijeT[t kalebIbuK<l :nnUvkvLig,arahar kñúgkal d*smKYrbu¨eNÑaH

CIvit

eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

bu¨EnþkalebImin:nnUv

Gahar vak*dl´nUvkiriyaGs´eTAEtmþg y¨agenHÉg .

déTeT[teT³ . man

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´edayeraKkñúgEPñk k*

edayeraKNamYy

Rtec[kCaedImk*man .

kñúgcMeNameraKTaMgLay

maneraKkñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

19

20

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs ‘148’ bTza ²GTÆanbriecäTeta³ esckþIza Zmμtakal én

sUm|Ikal k*eQμaHzaminmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza ; stVKb|Isøab´ kñúgkalenHÉg minsøab´kñúgkaldéT

CIvit

eLIy .

mnusSNa rs´enAGs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enARtwmEt 100

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´kñúgeBlRBwkk*man søab´

kñúgeBlNamYy kñúgcMeNameBlézáRtg´CaedImk*man .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

kñúgeBl«LÚvenH

manRbmaNticç

qñaM rs´enACag 100 qñaMenH k*manxøHEdr EtticeT .

eRBaHehtu

Ékardak´cuHnUvragkay k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHmin

enaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gayu

mankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza; ²kalstVTaMgLaysøab´eTA ragkay

rbs´mnusSTaMgLayenH ticNas´ stVEdlRtUveTAkan´brelak

Kb|IZøak´cuH kñúgTIenHEtbu¨eNÑaH minZøak´cuHeTA kñúgTIdéTeLIy³ .

KYreZVIkusl

d|itza GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekItehIy xagkñúgpÞH

eQμaHza

Zøak´cuH xageRkApÞHk*man GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekIt

rs´enA Gs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enA :nRtwmEt 100 qñaM ß

ehIy xageRkApÞH EtgZøak´cuHeTA xagkñúgpÞHk*man .

zycuHmkk*man elIsCagbnþick*man ‘1’ ³ eRBaHehtudUecñH

dUcKñaenaHEdr

edayn&y

KYrRbRBwtþRBhμcriyZm(

minsøab´minmaneLIyç

bNÐit Kb|I ‘BN(na’ o:nBisþar edayRbkarCa

ex¬ImeqÁImGayuenaH buK<lKYrxMRbRBwtþ ‘sucrit’ dUc

EdlekItehIykñúgTwk Zøak´cuH elIeKakk*man .

buK<lEdlePøIgkMBugeqHk|al ‘eRBaH’ dMeNIrmin

ÉKti k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨ag

mk énesckþIsøab´ minmaneT dUecñH .

enHza ; stVEdlcüútcakKtienH Kb|IekItkñúgKtienH . eRBaHza

ekItkñúgelakNamYy

kñúgcMeNam

elakTaMgLaymaneTvelakCaedImk*man eRBaHehtuenHy¨agdUecñH elakEtgvilvl´eTA

kñúgKti

ynþ edIrvilvl´dUecñaHÉg .

5

dUcCaeKaEdleKTwmehIy

kñúg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´

er]y> edayCIvitminmannimitþ y¨agenHÉg .

mnusSNa

Gayu rbs´mnusSTaMgLay mantic sb|úrsKYr

elIeKak Zøak´cuHkñúgTwkk*man ßza GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLay

EdlcüútcakmnusSelak

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

‘niKmKaza’

eRcIn dUecñHCaedImza ; GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLayEdlekItehIy

stVTaMgLay EdlcüútcakeTvelak ekItkñúgmnusSelakk*man

stVEdlekItmkehIy

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´eT[tza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay er]g Zøab´manmkehIy

manRKU eQμaHGrk;³ dUecñHCaedIm .

RBHsURtEdlRbdab´edayóbma 7 Rbkar TaMgBYg bNÐit Kb|I ‘naMykmkBN(na’ o:nBisþar . RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´RBHsURtdéTeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay r

1–

suÇ

sMÇ

sKÇ

PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

21

22

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUc

cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@

emþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´yb´nigézá GatμaGj Kb|IeZVI

oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;EdldkdegØImcUl ehIyecj

TukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|I

ß dkdegØImecj ehIycUl GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBakü

eZVIkic©kar o:neRcIn dUecñHkIþç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na cMerIn

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n

mrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμa

eRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Gm|alenH ehAza minman

Gj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´ 1 ézá

esckþIRbmaTenA

GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBakü

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n eRcIn dUecñHkþIç enH za ;

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨ag

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Rtwmqan´cgØan´

biNÐ:tmþg GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç

Pikú¡

BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Pikú¡Gm|alenH

ehAza

manesckþIRbmaTenA

eLIy cMerInmrNsSti edIm|IeZVIoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay yÅt yUreT dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cMENkPikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ;

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|I

rs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 1 BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK Gatμa Gj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na

edIm|IoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

Lay y¨agqan´rh&s ‘1’ ³ dUecñHÉg . kalénCIvit ticNas´ KWbuK<lminKYrTukcitþ RtwmEtkiriya TMBasIunUvBMnUt:y 4 ß 5 BMnUt y¨agdUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

mankalkMNt´ y¨agenHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI8’

Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþc hñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 4 ß 5

cMerInmrNsSti

‘149’

bTza

²xNbritþeta³

esckþIza

ebItambrmtæ

xN;énCIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay ticeBkNas´ RtwmEtkarRbRBwtþi eTAéncitþEtmYybu¨eNÑaHÉg . eRb[bdUcCakg´rz sUm|IkMBugRbRBwtþ eTA EtgRbRBwtþeTA edayRbeTs énxñgkg´Etm¡agbu¨eNÑaH sUm|I kMBugfitenA

k*rEmgfitenA

edayRbeTsénxñgkg´m¡agbu¨eNÑaHEdr

y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay RbkbedayxN; éncitþ EtmYy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr kalebIcitþenaHrlt´ehIy stV eKsnμt oeQμaHza rlt´ehIy . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²kñúgxN; éncitþCaGtIt; 1– suÇ

GMÇ GÇ

stV eQμaHza rs´enAehIy minrs´enA

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 314 .


visuTÆimK< ERb nwgminrs´enA

kñúgxN;

23

éncitþCaGnaKt

stV

24

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

minrs´enAehIy

ZmμCatKYrsegVKpg QanenH CaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´Rtwm

minkMBugrs´enA ‘Et’ eQμaHzanwgrs´enA kñúgxN;éncitþCabc©úb|nñ

Etóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH. cMENkelakutþrCÄan nig Garub|CÄan TI2 nig

stV minrs´enAehIy ‘Et’ eQμaHza kMBugrs´enA nwgminrs´enA

TI4 dl´Gb|na sUm|IkñúgsPavZm(eRBaHCaPavnaBiess. EmnBit

CIvit GtþPaB sux nig Tuk¡ TaMgGs´ Rbkbeday xN;citþEtmYy eRBaHxN;RbRBwtþrh&sç xnÆTaMg LayNa

rbs´buK<lEdlsøab´eTAkþI

rs´enAkþI

rlt´ehIy kñúgelakenH xnÆTaMgGs´enaH k*dUc Kña eTAbdisnÆieT[tmin:nç stVelak minEmn ekItehIy

edayxnÆCaGnaKt

EdlminTan´ekIt

ehIy minEmnrs´enA kñúgbc©úb|nñeT stVelak søab´ edaykarEbkZøayéncitþ ‘enHKW’ CabJ¦tþi Rbkbedaybrmtæ RBHeyaKavcr

elakutþrCÄan dl´nUvGb|na edayGMNaclMdab´énvisuTÆiPavna . Garub|CÄan dl´Gb|na edayGMNacPavnaEdlknøgnUvGarmμN¾. eRBaHza kñúgGarub|CÄanenaH manRtwmEtkiriyaknøgnUvGarmμN¾ én Qan Edldl´ehIynUvGb|nabu¨eNÑaH . bu¨EnþkñúgmrNsStienH ‘visuTÆiPavnanuk,m; nig GarmμNsmtik,m;’ TaMgBIrenaHÉg minman eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbCaQan dl´RtwmEtóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH . Qan enHenaH dl´nUvkarrab´za mrNsSti EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan enaH CaZmμCatekIteLIgedaykMLaMgénkarrlwkdl´esckþIsøab´ .

‘GanisgSénkarcMerInmrNsSti’

‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

manxN;tictYc y¨agdUecñHÉg .

k*Pikú¡EdlRbkber]y> nUvmrNsStienH CaGñkminRbmaT Cab´Canic©

:nnUvGnPirtisJ¦a

kñúgPBTaMgBYg lHbg´nUvesckþI

GaeLaHGal&y kñúgCIvit CaGñktiHed[l:b CaGñkmineRcIn eday

‘mrNsStiCÄan’ kalebIRBHeyaKavcr sUm|Irlwker]y> edayGakar;Na mYy kñúgcMeNamGakar;TaMg 8 enH y¨agdUecñH

citþ rEmg:nnUv

karsnSM

CaGñkmanmnÞil

KWesckþIkMNaj´

kñúgbrik¡arTaMgLay

eTAR:sehIy . sUm|IGnic©sJ¦a k*dl´nUvkarsÞat´CMnaj sMrab´

Gaesvn; ‘karesB’ edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> sti

Pikú¡enaH .

EdlmanesckþIsøab´CaGarmμN¾

nIvrNZm(TaMg

Pikú¡enaH’ tamlMGanénGnic©sJ¦aenaHÉg . stVTaMgLay Edl

Lay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ Gg<QanTaMgLayrEmgekItR:kd . bu¨Enþ

min:nGb´rMGMBIesckþIsøab´ kñúgevlaCitsøab´ rEmgdl´nUvesckþI

rEmgtaMgenAmaM

eRBaHGarmμN¾ ‘rbs´QanenH’ CasPavZm(pg 1–

suÇ xuÇ mhaÇ

PaKTI 64 TMB&rTI 78 .

eRBaHGarmμN¾Ca

mYyeT[t Tuk¡sJ¦a nig GntþsJ¦a rEmgR:kd ‘dl´

xøac esckþItk´søút esckþIvegVg dUcmnusSEdlRtUvRmwKkac yk¡ Bs´

ecar nig eBCÄXat RKbsg,t´ehIy Pøam>

y¨agNamijç


visuTÆimK< ERb

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26

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡enaH mindl´zñak´y¨agenHeT CaGñkminP&y CaGñkminvegVg eZVI

mYyKñaedaymK<b|J¦aenaH’ nig pl ‘Grhtþpl’ . Zm(mYyy¨ag

mrNkal. RbsinebIPikú¡enaH mineRtkGrnUvRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñ

KWGVI/ KWkayKtasti . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na briePaK

hñwgeT luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTACaGñkmansuKtienAxagmux .

nUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza briePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñal

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg buK<lGñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVI nUvesckþIminRbmaT

kñúgmrNsSti

GanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV> kal .

Edlman

enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgmrNsSti .

‘kayKtasti’ ‘150’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH kayKtastikmμdðanenaHNa min Zøab´RbRBwtþeTAehIy ev[rcakBuTÆúb|aT minEmnCavis&yénBYktiræIy¾ TaMgBYg EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sresIrehIy kñúgRBHsURt TaMgLayenaH> edayGakar;eRcInCaGenk y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡ TaMgLay ‘1’ Zm(mYyy¨ag EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo er]y>ehIy EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIsegVKeRcIn EtgRbRBwtþ eTA edIm|IesckþIcMerIneRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIekSmcak eyaK;eRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|Isti nig sm|CJ¦;eRcIn Etg RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvjaNTsSn; EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I enACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvviC¢a ‘bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaymK<’ vimutþi ‘sm|yutþZm( EdlekItrlt´Ca 1–

suÇ

GMÇ ÉkÇ

PaKTI 40 TMB&rTI 95 .

Pikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKnUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza minbriePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡NabriePaKehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH briePaKEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKehIy RBH niBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH minbriePaKEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na sabsUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza sabsUnüEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na minsab sUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza minsab sUnüEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na e:Hbg´ehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH e:Hbg´Edrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡ Na R:rBÆehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH R:rBÆEdr³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ RTg´sMEdgecjehIy edayGMNacénbBV;TaMgLay 14 y¨agenH KW Gana:nbBV;1 «riyabzbBV;1 ctusSm|CJ¦bBV;1 bdikUlmnsikarbBV;1 ZatumnsikarbBV;1 sivdðikbBV; 9 edayn&yCaGaTi¾za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kayKtasti EdlPikú¡ cMerInehIy etIdUcemþc/ eZVIoeRcInehIy etIdUcemþc eTIbmanpl eRcIn eTIbmanGanisgSeRcInç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasna enH eTAehIykan´éRBß³ dUecñH . nieTÞsénkarcMerInkayKtasti enaH dl´ehIy edaylMdab´ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

27

‘kayKtastiEdlelakbMNgkñúgTIenH’ bNþabBV; 14 enaH bBV;TaMgLay 3 enH KW«riyabzbBV;

28

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enAkñúgkayenH qÁwgmanenAkñúgkayenH xYrkñúgqÁwg manenAkñúgkay enH

tMrgenam

manenAkñúgkayenH

ebHdYg

manenAkñúgkayenH

ctusSm|CJ¦; ZatumnsikarbBV; RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

ezøIm manenAkñúgkayenH vav manenAkñúgkayenH RkBH manenA

edayGMNacénvibsSna sivdðikbBV; 9 RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

kñúgkayenH sYt manenAkñúgkayenH eBaHev[nZM manenAkñúgkay

ehIyedayGMNacGaTInvanubsSna

enH eBaHev[nTUc manenAkñúgkayenH GaharzμI manenAkñúgkayenH

hñwgÉg

kñúgvibsSnajaNTaMgLay

mYyeT[t sUm|IsmaZiPavnaNa Kb|IsMerc kñúgGsuP-

kmμdðanTaMgLay

manenAkñúgkayenH

TwkRbmat´

manenAkñúgkayenH

kñúgsivdðikbBV;TaMg

Twkesøsμ manenAkñúgkayenH TwkxÞúH manenAkñúgkayenH TwkQam

enaH smaZiPavnaenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkasehIy kñúg

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkejIs manenAkñúgkayenH TwkdM:xøaj´xab´

GsuPnieTÞsÉeNaHç

cMENkÉbBV;Et 2 bu¨eNÑaH KWGana:nbBV;

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkEPñk manenAkñúgkayenH Twkxøaj´ravmanenA

nig bdikUlbBV; KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNac

kñúgkayenH Twkmat´ manenAkñúgkayenH TwksMe:r manenAkñúg

énsmaZi ‘Pavna’ kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenHç

bNþabBV;TaMg 2 enaH

kayenH TwkrMGil manenAkñúgkayenH TwkmURt manenAkñúgkay

edayGMNacénGana:nsSti

enH³ dUecñHç TVtþwsakarkmμdðanenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bMNgyk

Gana:nbBV;

manóTÆúmatkkmμdðanCaedIm

Gaharcas´

cat´CakmμdðanepSg

‘kmμdðan’ hñwgÉg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH cMENk TVtþwsa-

ehIyza kayKtasti kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenH .

karkmμdðanenaHNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIy eday GMNacénbdikUlmnsikar

se®g<aHykxYrkñúgk|al

edayxYrkñúg

qÁwg y¨agenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘1’ BaküxagmuxenAmaneT[t Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkayenHÉg eLIgeTA

xageRkamtaMgGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

‘GZib|ay:lIkayKtasti’ enH KWCakarsMEdgnUvkarcMerIn kñúgkayKtastikmμdðanenaH EdlmankarBN(na:lInaMmun dUcteTAenH .

xagelItaMgGMBI:teCIg

:f;za ²«emv kayM³ esckþIza nUvkaysÁúy EdlCaTI

manEs|kbiT:MgCMuvij

GaRs&yénmhaPUtrUbenH . :f;za ²óTÆM :Ttla³ esckþIza

eBjeTAedayvtúæminsÁat manRbkarepSg> KW sk´TaMgLay man

xagelIGMBIépÞéneCIg .

enAkñúgkayenH erammanenAkñúgkayenH RkckmanenAkñúgkayenH

xageRkamGMBIcugsk´ . bTza ²tcbriynþM³ esckþIza manEs|k

eZμj manenAkñúgkayenH Es|kmanenAkñúgkayenH srés man 1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 252 .

:f;za ²GeZa eksmtæka³ esckþIza

rMuB&TÆedayCMuvij . :f;za ²bUrnñanb|karsS Gsuciena bc©evk¡t³i esckþIza

kayenH eBjedayrbs´minsÁat mansk´CaedIm man


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30

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkarepSg> . mansMNYrza KWedayRbkardUcemþc/ eqøIyza; KW

mansk´ nig eramCaedIm Kn´emIleTA minmanesrI Edlmankøin

Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama nxa .eb. mutþM .

sÁúy nig KYrex¬IméRkElg Etb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

bNþabT

TaMgenaH bTza ²Gtæi³ KW sMviC¢ti ERbzamanenA . bTza ²«msμw³

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´za ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama .eb.

KWkñuúgkayEdlRBHGg<Rtas´za; xagelI GMBI:teCIgeLIgeTA xag

mutþM sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eramTaMgLay manenAkñúg

eRkamGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

kayenH .l. TwkmURt manenAkñúgkayenH ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sÁatmanRbkarepSg> .

manEs|kB&TÆCMuvij

eBjedayrbs´min

bTza ²kaey³ KWkñúgsrIr; . esckþIza

srIr; elakehAza kay eRBaHCaTIekIténekadðas;TaMgLay man sk´CaedIm nig éneraKrab´ry maneraKkñúgEPñkCaedIm EdlbNÐit KYrex¬Im eRBaHekItmkGMBIrbs´minsÁat .

bTTaMgLayza ²eksa

elama³ CaedImenH KWGakar; 32 mansk´CaedIm .

bNÐitKb|I

RCabsm¬nÆ kñúgbT:lIenaH y¨agenHza ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa

Gtæi «msμw kaey elama sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eram TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag . EmnBit buK<lNamYy kalBinitüemIl kñúgkelvr;Edl manRbEvg 1 Büam manRbmaNbu¨eNÑHenH KW xagelIcab´edImtaMg GMBI:teCIgeTA xageRkamcab´edImGMBIcugsk´cuHmk edayTIbMput CMuvij cab´edImGMBIEs|k sUm|IedayGakar;sBVy¨ag k*mineXIj

enHCakarBN(na edaybTsm¬nÆ kñúg:lIenaH .

‘PavnanieTÞsénkayKtasti’ k*ÉGaTikmμikkulbuRt cUleTArkklüaNmiRt

GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðanenH

manRbkardUceBalmkehIy>

Kb|I

er[nyk

nUvkmμdðanenH . cMENkÉklüaNmiRtenaH kaleBalnUvkmμdðan dl´kulbuRtenaH Kb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edaycMENk 7 nig mnsikarekaslø edaycMENk 10 .

‘óK<hekaslø’ kñúgekaslø TaMg 2 enaH GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edayviZI 7 Ebb y¨agdUecñH KW edayvaca edaycitþ edayB(N edayRTg´RTay edayTis edayOkas ‘nig’ edaybriecäT .

‘pøÚvvaca’ k*kñúgbdikUlmnsikarkmμdðanenH

RBHeyaKavcr

sUm|ICa

nUvPaBCarbs´sÁatNamYy eTaHCaEkvmutþakþI EkvmNIkþI EkvviTUrü

GñkRTRTg´RBHéRtbidk k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvacaCamunsin

kþI xøwmRkwsñakþI xøwmcnÞn¾RkhmkþI karbUrkþI eTaHCavtæúdéT manlMGit

kñúgkalEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH eZVI

éneRK]gGb´CaedImkþI sUm|IRtwmEtCaGNUeLIyç

karsVaZüayenaHÉg kmμdðan rEmgR:kd dUckmμdðan R:kd dl´

suTÆEtCarbs´minsÁat

manRbkarepSg>

tamBit eXIj

epSgedayekadðas;

RBHezr;BIrRBHGg< Edl:ner[nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´ énRBHmha-


visuTÆimK< ERb eTvetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúgRsukeQμaHmly; .

31 :n»mkza RBH

ezr; RtUvRBHezr;TaMgBIrGg<enaH sUmer[nnUvkmμdðanehIy :no nUv:lI kñúgTVtþwsakarkmμdðan edayR:b´za ²GñkTaMgLay cUreZVI nUvkarsVaZüayenHÉg rhUt 4 Ex³ .

zVIebIRBHezr;TaMg2 rUbenaH

sÞat´CMnajBIr bI nikay k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþRBHezr;TaMgBIrrUb enaH ‘enAEtxitxM’ sVaZüay nUvTVtþwsakar; Gs´ 4 Ex eTIb:n ‘sMerc’ CaesatabnñbuK<l eRBaHelakCaGñkTTYlyk ‘nUvOvaT’ edayeKarBEmnBit . eRBaHehtuenaH GacarüGñkeBalnUvkmμdðan Kb|IR:b´Genþvasikza ²RKadMbUg cUrGñkeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca Camun³ .

k*kalGenþvasikeZVI Kb|IkMNt´ nUvtcbJ©kkmμdðanCaedIm ‘kmμdðanEdlmanEs|kCaKRmb´R:M’ ehIyeZVIkarsVaZüay eday GMNacGnuelam nig bdielam . KWKb|IeBalza ²eksa elama

nxa Tnþa ceta sk´ eram Rkck eZμj Es|k³ dUecñHehIy eBal edaybdielameT[t za ²teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . Genþvasik

‘mantMrgenamCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²mMsM

Kb|IeBal

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal

kñúgb:ösbJ©k;

‘mansYtCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²hTyM yknM kielamkM bihkM b:ösM ebHdUg ezøIm vav RkBH sYt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielam eT[tza ²b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgmtælug<bJ©k; ‘manxYrkñúgk|alCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²GnþM GnþKuNM óTriyM krIsM

‘viZIsVaZüay’

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

32

kñúgvk,bJ©k;

nharU GdðI GdðimiJ¢M vk,M

mtælug<M eBaHev[nZM eBaHev[ntUc GaharzμI Gaharcas´ xYrkñúg k|al³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mtælug<M krIsM

óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa xYrkñúg k|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgemTcäk,; ‘man

sac´ srés qÁwg xYrkñúgqÁwg tMrgenam³ dUecñHehIy eBaleday

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´CaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²bitMþ esmØM bueBVa elahitM

bdielameT[tza ²vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa

esaeTa emeTa TwkRbmat´ Twkesøsμ TwkxÞúH TwkQam TwkejIs

elama eksa tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´³ dUecñHehIyeBaledaybdielameT[tza ²emeTa


visuTÆimK< ERb

33

34

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM

edaykarsVaZüay edayvaca ‘y¨agenH’ reb[bkmμdðan rEmgsÞat´

GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

CMnaj citþ minsÞúHeTA xagenaHpg xagenHpg ekadðas;TaMgLay

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´

rEmgR:kd KWR:kd dUcCaCYrénRmamédpg dUcCaCYréneCIgrbg

TwkejIs

pg y¨agenaHÉg .

TwkQam

TwkxÞúH

Twkesøsμ

TwkRbmat´

xYrkñúgk|al

‘citþ-BN(-RTg´RTay-Tis-Okas-briecäT’

Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm

k*RBHeyaKI eZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agNaç sUm|I

ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

edaycitþ k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRBaHza kar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

Genþvasik

Kb|IeBal

kñúgmutþcäk,;

‘manTwkmURtCaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²GsSú vsa exeLa sig¹alika

lsika mutþM

sVaZüayedayvaca k*Cabc©&yénkarsVaZüay edaycitþEdr . kar sVaZüayedaycitþ k*Cabc©&yénkarcak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; . ‘151’ Baküza ²vNÑeta edayBN(³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

TwkEPñk Twkxøaj´rav Twkmat´ TwksMe:r TwkrMGil

TwkmURt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mutþM lsika

kMNt´BN(énekadðas; ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm . Baküza ²sNðaneta edayRTg´RTay³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

sig¹alika exeLa vsa GsSú emeTa eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM

kMNt´RTg´RTay énekadðasTaMgenaHÉg .

kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa

Baküza ²Tiseta edayTis³ GZib|ayza kñúgsrIr;enH

nxa elama eksa TwkmURt TwkrMGil TwksMe:r TwkRbmat´

xagelIp©iteLIgeTA CaTisxagelI xageRkamp©itcuHmk CaTisxag

Twkxøaj´rav TwkEPñk TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´ TwkejIs TwkQam TwkxÞúH

eRkam

Twkesøsμ TwkRbmat´ xYrkñúgk|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[n

‘man’ kñúgTiseQμaHenH³ .

tUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

dgkþI

1ç000 dgkþI

100ç000 dgkþI .

Baküza ²Okaseta

edayOkas³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Okas énekadðasenaH> y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH fit

Genþvasik Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agdUecñH Gs´ eBl 100

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´Tis za ²ekadðasenH

eRBaHza

enAehIy kñúgOkaseQμaHenH³ . Baküza ²briecäTeta edaybriecäT³ GZib|ayza karkMNt´


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36

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikarekaslü’

BIrKWkarkMNt´nUvcMENkesμIKña1 karkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña1 . bNþakarkMNt´TaMg 2 enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Gacarü Kb|IR:b´mnsikarekaslü edayvZI 10 y¨ag

esμIKña y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH KWelak:nkMNt´ehIy eday

dUecñH KW edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk edayminsnSwmeBk

cMENkeQμaHenH TaMgxageRkam TaMgxagelI TaMgTTwg³ dUecñH .

edaykiriyakarBarnUvesckþIraymay

bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña edayGMNacPaB

edaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´ edayGb|na nig edaysURtbI .

minlayKña y¨agenHza ²sk´TaMgLay KWminEmnCaeram sUm|I

‘mnsikaredaylMdab´’ bTza ²GnubuBVeta edaylMdab´³ kñúgmnsikarekaslü 10

eramTaMgLay k*minEmnCask´Edr³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag .

‘kic©EdlKYrdwgmunnwgR:b´óK<hekaslü’ ‘152’

edaykarknøgnUvbJ¦tþi

k*ÉGacarü kalR:b´óK<hekaslü edayviZI 7

enaH GZib|ayza kmμdðanenH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday lMdab´lMeday cab´edImGMBIkareZVInUvkarsVaZüay minKYreZVITukkñúg

y¨ag dUceBalmkenH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanenH KWRBHmanRBHPaK

citþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 eLIy .

Rtas´ehIy

kñúgsURtÉenaH

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 nwgmancitþlM:k rEmgZøak´cuH

Rtas´edayGMNacCaZatu kñúgsURtÉenaH³ ehIyR:b´cuH . Emn

eRBaHkiriyamin:nnUvesckþIrIkray EdlxøÜnRtUv:n edayGMNac

Bit kmμdðanenH kñúgmhastibdðansURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNac

énPavnasm|tþi minjúaMgPavnaosMerc eRb[bdUcCabursEdlmin

Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmharahu-

Qøasév kaleLIgkan´begÁag mankaM 32 edaykarepøaHrMlg 1

elavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCa

kaM mankaylM:k rEmgZøak´cuH minjúaMgkareLIg o:nsMerc

Zatu .

eLIy k*dUecñaHÉg .

edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmhahtæibeTabmsURt

cMENkkñúgkayKtastisURt RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´cMENk

Qan4 eRBaHsMedAykbuK<lEdlekadðasmansk´CaedIm R:kd c|as´ ‘dl´eK’ edayBN( . kñúgkmμdðan 2 y¨agenaH kmμdðan

eRBaHza

kalRBHeyaKIeZVI

‘mnsikaredayminel]neBk’ k*sUm|IRBHeyaKI kaleZVIkarTukkñúgcitþ edaylMdab´ Kb|I

cat´CavibsSnakmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminoel]neBkEdr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI

EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUl cat´Casmzkmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayel]nhYseBk kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvTIbMputPøam

kmμdðankñúgbdikUlmnsikarbBV;enHnu@H cat´CasmzkmμdðanEmnBit

k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨Enþ kmμdðan minR:kd minnaMKuNviessmko

GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslüedayviZI7 Ebb dUceBalmkenH .

eRb[bdUcCaburskaledIrpøÚv Gs´cmáay 3 eyaCn¾ min:nkMNt´

EdlRBHGg<Rtas´

edayGMNacCaZatu


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38

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvkarQancuHeTA nig karlHbg´ ehIyeZVIKmnaKmn¾ sUm|IGs´

Zøak´ç ‘eCIg’ Kb|IPøat´GMBIpøÚvenaH Zøak´cuHeTAkñúgeRCaHEdlmanCeRmA

var; 7 dg edaysnÞúHy¨agel]n pøÚvk*dl´nUvTIbJ©b´ k*BitEmn

100 snÞÚgburs dUecñaHÉg .

ehIy k*bu¨Enþza bursenaH RtUvEtsYrpøÚv ‘eK’ Camunsin swmeTA

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarkarBaresckþIraymaypg .

k*dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay eday minel]nhYseBk .

‘mnsikaredayminsnSwmhYseBk’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVI

‘mnsikaredayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi’ bTza ²bNÑtþismtik,mneta edayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi³ esckþI za bJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³ dUecñHCaedIm enHNa RBHeyaKavcr

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminsnSwmhYs

Kb|IrMlg nUvbJ¦tþienaHehIy tm,l´citþza ²bdikUl³ . dUcCakñúg

eBk eRb[bdUcCaeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminel]nhYseBk k*y¨agenaH

eBlEdlTwkrk:nedaykRm mnusSTaMgLay eXIjGNþÚgTwk

Edr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysnSwmhYseBk

kñúgéRBehIy cgnUvvtæúNamYy mansøwketñatCaedImhñwgÉg TukCa

kmμdðan mindl´nUvTIbMput minCabc©&yo:nseRmcnUvKuNviess

eRK]gsMKal´ kñúgTIenaH ehIyk*mktameRK]gsMKal´enaH gUtpg

dUcCakalbursR:zña edIm|IedIreTAkan´pøÚvRbEvg 3 eyaCn¾ kñúgézá

pwkpgç EtkñúgeBlNa edaykarRtac´eTACaer]y> énmnusSTaMg

enaHÉg enAbEgÁrbgÁg´ kñúgTITaMgLaymanedImeQI PñM nig RsH Ca

LayenaH sñameCIgmnusSEdlmkehIy> rEmgR:kdç kñúgeBl

edIm kñúgcenøaHpøÚvç pøÚvmindl´nUvTIbMput edayBIrbIézá eTIbdl´TI

enaH minmankic©edayeRK]gsMKal´eT[teTç mnusSTaMgLay Etg

bMput dUecñaHÉg .

eTAgUt nig pwkTwk kñúgeBlEdlxøÜnRtUvkarehIy> y¨agNamijç

‘mnsikaredaykarkarBaresckþIraymay’

kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénbJ¦tiþza ²eksa

bTza ²viek¡bb|diBahneta edaykarkarBarnUvesckþIray

elamaÇÇdz dUecñH kñúgcMENkxagedImç PaBCabdikUl rEmgR:kd

may³ esckþIza karEdlcitþlHbg´nUvkmμdðanehIyraymay kñúg

tmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrMlgecalnUvbJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³

GarmμN¾d*Rkas´BÆd*xageRkA RBHeyaKIKb|IkarBar . eRBaHza kal

dUecñHehIy tm,l´citþTuk kñúgPaBCabdikUlEtmüa¨g y¨agenaHÉg .

ebIminkarBareT kalebIesckþIraymay BÆd*xageRkAman kmμdðan

‘mnsikaredaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´’

rEmgsabsUnü rEmg:t´bg´eTA eRb[bdUcCakalbursedIreTAkan´

bTza ²GnubuBVmuJ©neta edaylHbg´lMdab´³ manesckþI

pøÚvEk|reRCaH CapøÚvedIreTAEteCIgm¡ag minkMNt´eCIgEdlRtUvQan

za ekadðas; ‘cMENk’ Na> minR:kd .

eTA rvl´EtEbremIleTAxagnu@Hpg xagenHpg var;éneCIg rEmgPøat´

lHbg´ecalnUvekadðas;enaH> eQμaHza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

RBHeyaKavcr Gñk edaylH


visuTÆimK< ERb bg´nUvlMdab´ .

39

k*kalGaTikmμikbuK<l eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²eksa³

mnsikar k*eTATl´nwgekadðasTIbMputKW ²mutþM³ enHEtmþg fitenA nig kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mutþM³ mnsikar k*eTATl´ nwgekadðas xagedIm KW ²eksa³ enHdUcKña .

RKaenH kalRBH

eyaKavcrenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ> ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgR:kd

40

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjúaMgBaküóbmaodl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCaby¨agenHÉg. enHCaBaküeRK]geRb[beZ[b edayesckþIóbma kñúgGZikarenH . ekadðasTaMgLay 32 kñúgkayenH dUcCaedImetñat 32 edIm kñúgéRBetñat y¨agdUecñaHÉg . citþdUcCastVsVa . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCaRBan .

kiriyaRtac´eTAtamlMdab´ edayGMNac én

ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgminR:kd . ekadðasTaMgLayNa>

GarmμN¾ kñúgkayEdlmancMENk 32 éncitþ rbs´RBHeyaKI dUc

R:kdç RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeZVIkargar kñúgekadðasTaMgLayenaH>

Cakarrs´enAkñúgéRBetñatEdlmanedImetñat 32 edIm énstVsVa .

rhUtdl´kalekadðasTaMgLayBIr

karEdl

R:kd

bNþaekadðasTaMgBIr

kalRBHeyaKI

cab´epþImR:rBÆeZVITukkñúgcitþza

²eksa³

k*kalRBH

ehIy citþ Rtac´eTAtamlMdab´ fitenA kñúgcMENkCaTIbMputhñwgÉg

eyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþCaer]y> nUvekadðasenaHÉg EdlR:kd

dUcCakarEdl kalRBanyksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xag

ehIyy¨agenH Kb|IjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg:n .

edIm ehIyeZVIsMeLgERsksg¹k sVak*elat elIedImetñatenaH>

enaH ekadðasNamYy R:kdCak´c|as´edayRbéB .

enHCaóbma kñúgkarlHbg´nUvlMdab´enaH eRb[bdUcCanay

ehIyeTAkan´edImetñatCaTIbMput . n&ysUm|IkñúgkarRtLb´vijeT[t

RBan R:zñaedIm|Inwgcab´stVsVa Edlrs´enAkñúgéRBetñat Edlman

k*dUcn&yenHEdr .

karEdl

kalRBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y>

edImetñat 32 edIm yksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xagedIm

nakalekadðas;TaMgLayxøH> R:kdehIy lHbg´ekadðas;TaMg

ehIyeZVInUvsMeLgsg¹kç

kalebIdUecñaH stVsVaenaH k*elateTA

LayEdlminTan´R:kd ehIyeZVInUvbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay

elIedImetñatenaH> tamlMdab´ rhUtelateTAdl´edImetñat CaTI

EdlR:kdehIy dUcCakarEdlstVsVaeTAtamlMdab´ ‘edImetñat’

bMputEtmþgç kalebIedImetñatTaMgenaH RBaneTAeZVIy¨agenaHdEdl

er]y> elateLIgkñúgTIEdlRBanERsksg¹kehIy> . karEdl

kñúgTIenaHç stVsVa k*mkkan´edImetñatxagedIm edayn&yenaHÉg

kalekadðas;TaMgLay 2 R:kdehIy kñúgTIbMput ekadðas;Na

mþgeT[t stVsVaenaH eTAtamlMdab´er]y> y¨agenH elateLIg

R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvekadðas;

kñúgTIEdlRBansg¹k> hñwgÉg lb> eTARkabelIedImetñatmYy

enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUcCakarEdlstV

edIm ehIycab´søwketñatRkBMu Rtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ

sVaRkab elIedImetñatmYyedIm tamlMdab´ehIy cab´nUvsøwketñat

eTaHCaRtUvRBan:j´k*minelateLIg y¨agNaç Baküóbemyü Ca

RkBMuRtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ eTaHCaRBan:j´

k*min


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42

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikaredayGb|na’

elateLIg dUecñaHÉg . óbmadéTeT[t eRb[bdUcCaPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t

bTza ²Gb|naeta edayGb|na³ KW edayekadðasEdl

CaRbRktI cUleTAGaRs&ynUvRsukmanRtkUl 32 :nPik¡a 2 kñúg

naMoekItGb|na .

pÞHCadMbUghñwgÉg ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 1 kñúgpÞHxagmux EsÁk

RCabza kñúgekadðasTaMgLay mansk´CaedIm Gb|na man kñúg

eLIg :nPik¡a 3 ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux kñúgézá

ekadðasmYy>³ dUecñH .

TI3 :nPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImenaHÉg eTAkan´Gasnsala

‘153’

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTenaH za ²bNÐitKb|I

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTza ²k*sURt 3³ enaH sURt

ehIyqan´ y¨agNamijç Baküóbemyü CaeRK]gjúaMgóbma o

3 enH KW ; GZicitþsURt sItiPavsURt eBaCgÄg<ekaslsURt

dl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCab k*y¨agenaHÉg .

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCab edIm|IRbkbvIriysmaZi .

k*Gakar; 32 dUc

CaRsukmanRtkUl 32 . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCabiNÐ:tikPikú¡ .

‘GZicitþsURt’

karEdlRBHeyaKavcr eZVIkarbrikmμ nUvGakar; 32 dUcCakarcUl

bNþasURtTaMg 3 enaH sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

eTAenAGaRs&yRsukenaH énPikú¡enaH . karEdl kalRBHeya-

Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþehIy RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúg

Kavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ> lHbg´nUvekadðas;TaMgLay EdlminR:kd

kald*KYr KW RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmaZinimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUv

ehIy eZVInUvkarbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay EdlR:kdehIy>

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvbK<ahnimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

rhUtdl´ekadðas;

GñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr1 . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkb

biNÐ:tCaRbRktI :nPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHCadMbUgehIy lHbg´nUvPik¡a1

er]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ EtmYycMENk

kñúgpÞHxagmux nig dUcCakñúgézá TI2 :nnUvPik¡a 3 ehIylHbg´nUv

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþoRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIxi¢lRcGUs . mñal

Pik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux .

Pikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

2

dUcCakarEdlPikú¡

karEdl bNþaekadðas;TaMgLay 2

ekadðas;Na R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúg

nUvbK<ahnimitþ EtmYycMENk

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþ oRbRBwtþeTA

citþ nUvekadðas;enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUc

edIm|IesckþIraymay . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

CakñúgézáTI3 karEdlPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaRbRktI :n

nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvóebk¡animitþ EtmYycMENk ehtuenaH

nUvPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImhñwgÉg ehIyKg´qan´ elIGasn-

Kb|InaMcitþminotaMgmaM edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

sala y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Lay. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kalNa Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþ rEmg


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44

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ bK<ahnimitþ óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr

nUvcitþ edIm|IZm(EdlRtUveZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm Na>

eTIbcitþenaHk*Tn´ KYrdl´Pavnakmμ CacitþPøWepøk minrwg taMgmaMeday

kalebIehtuman rEmgdl´nUvPaBKYrCabnÞal´ kñúgZm(enaH> edIm|I

RbéB edIm|IGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay:n .

eZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm ‘1’ ³ dUecñH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

dUcCaCagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI cat´Ecg:v luHcat´Ecg:vrYc

bNÐit Kb|IRCab

za eQμaHGZicitþsURt .

‘sItiPavsURt’

ehIy k*dutmat´:v luHdutnUvmat´:vrYcehIy k*ykdeg,{bez,{b masdak´ kñúgmat´:v ehIysb´ kñúgkald*KYr bMRBMTwk kñúgkal

sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ RbkbRBmedayZm( 6

d*KYr sMLwgemIlkñúgkald*KYr . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

y¨ag CaGñkKYredIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþ d*ótþm .

sisSCagmaskIþ Kb|Isb´EtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaH Ca

Zm( 6 y¨ag etIGVIxøH/

ehtueZVIomaseqHrlYyeTA . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

EdlKYrsg,t´sg,in kñúgeBlNa k*sg,t´sg,incitþ kñúgeBlenaH1

sisSCagmaskIþ bMRBMEtmasenaHedayTwk mYycMENk ehtuenaH

citþEdlKYrp<geLIg kñúgeBlNa k*p<gcitþeLIgkñúgeBlenaH 1 citþ

CaehtueZVIomasRtCak´. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ sisS

EdlKYreZVIorIkray kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIocitþrIkraykñúgeBlenaH 1

CagmaskIþ sMLwgemIlEtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaHCaehtu

citþEdlKYreZVIoRBegIy kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIcitþoRBegIy kñúgeBl

eZVIminomasqÁinsBVsac´:n . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kalNa

enaH 1 CaGñksøúgcuHeTA kñúgZm(d*ézøzøa 1 eRtkGr kñúgRBHniBVan 1ç

CagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI sb´masenaH kñúgkald*KYr bMRBM

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edayTwk kñúgkald*KYr sMLwgemIl kñúgkald*KYrehIy eTIbmas

edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþd*ótþm ‘2’ ³ dUecñH bNÐit

enaHeTACamasd*Tn´

Kb|IRCabza eQμaHsItiPavsURt .

KYrdl´kargar

Camasmansm|úrPøWepøk

min

RsYy KYrbegÁaneTA edIm|Ikargar edayRbéBpgç ebIeKR:zñaeRK]g

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH

Pikú¡ RbkbedayZm( 6 y¨agenHÉg

citþ

CaGñkKYr

‘eBaCÄg<ekasløsURt’

Rbdab´Ebøk> Na> eTaHCadM:rmaskþI kNÐlkþI eRK]gRbdab´-k

cMENkstþeBaCÄg<sURt EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdg

kþI kRmgmaskþI rEmgseRmcRbeyaCn¾enaH> :n y¨agNamijç

ehIyhñwgÉg kñúgGb|naekasløkza za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay citþ

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

CaZmμCatirYjra kñúgsm&yNa kalenaH CakalminKYr edIm|IcMerIn

Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

nUvGZicitþ

RtUveZVITukkñúg

citþenaH rEmgtaMgmaM

nUvbsSTÆieBaCÄg< kñúgsm&yenaH y¨agenHÉgÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLayç buK<lbegÁaneTA

1– suÇ GMÇ tiÇ PaK 41 TMB&r 385. 2– GMÇ qÇ PaK 46 TMB&r 309 .

citþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúgkald*KYr

.l.


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46

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kmμdðan KWRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvóK<hekaslü 7 RbkarenH

EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘Ekv’Twk ß EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘can’bbr rwt

o:ny¨aglÁehIypg kMNt´mnsikarekaslü 10 RbkarenH

EtKYrNas´eTAeT[t. RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgeBlEdlsk´exμAehIy

edayRbéBpg tamn&yEdleBalmkenH ehIyKb|Ier[n o:n

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLayexμAç eXIj kñúgeBlEdlsk´

lÁRbesIr edayGMNacénekaslüTaMgBIrRbkar .

s ehIyKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLay-s .

EtRBHeyaKI

‘eXIj’ kñúgkalénsk´layKña k*Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac

‘munnwgepþImkmμdðan’ k*RbsinNaebIRBHeyaKavcrenaH manesckþIsb|ay kñúg

énsk´Rkas´ . k*RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgsk´TaMgLayehIykan´yk

vtþEtmYyhñwgÉg CamYynwgGacarüç RBHeyaKacvrenaH k*minRtUv

nUvnimitþ y¨agNaç sUm|Ikñúgekadðas; EdlmanRkck CaKRmb´ 5

oGacarüsMEdgR:b´ edayBisþar y¨agenHeLIy Rbkbkmμdðan

TaMgmUl RKan´EteXIjehIy k*Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

er]y> :nnUvKuNviesseRscehIy swmoelakGacarüsMEdg

luHRBHeyaKI kan´yknUvnimitþy¨agenHehIy Kb|IkMNt´nUvcMENk

R:b´ kñúgzñak´x¬s´eLIg> . ‘b¨uEnþ’ RBHeyaKavcr manR:zñacg´enA

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayGMNacBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig

kñúgTIdéT RtUvoGacarüdMEdgR:b´ o:nBisþar edayviZIdUcEdl

briecäTehIy kMNt´PaBénGakar; za Carbs´bdikUl 5 Rbkar

eyIgeBalmkehIy

edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas .

ERbRbYler]y>

kat´pþac´nUvTIEdlsgS&y

TaMgGs´ecjehIy lHbg´nUvesnasn; EdlminsmKYr tamn&y Edl:neBalmkehIy

kñúgbfvIksiNnieTÞsÉeNaH

rYcehIy

enAkñúgvtþEdlsmKYr eZVIkarpþac´bg´nUvblieBaZtUctacecalehIy eZVIbrikmμ edaykiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþCabdikUl . k*RBHeyaKavcr kaleZVI RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMg LayCamunsin .

sYrza; RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMgLay

Camun y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Idksk´mYy srés ß 2 srés dak´elI:tédehIy kMNt´BN(CadMbUg . kiriyaEdlRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay sUm|IkñúgTIénsk´ Edldac´ehIyk*KYr . sUm|IRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay

GnubuBVikza kñúgkarkMNt´nUvlk¡N; nig PaBbdikUlenaH kñúgekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLay mandUcteTAenH .

‘sk´’ ‘154’ CadMbUg sk´TaMgLay edayBN(CaRbRktI B(N exμA manBN(dUcCaEpøp<aM . edayRTg´RTay Evg mUl manRTg´ RTaydUcCadgénCJ¢Ig . edayTis ekItkñúgTisxagelI . eday Okas elakkMNt´ehIy kñúgxagTaMgLayTaMg 2 tamKum¬Rtec[k TaMgLay xagmux tamTIbMputénzáas´ xageRkay tamkJ©wg-k . Es|kRss´sMrab´eRsabllad¾k|al CaOkasénsk´TaMgLay. edaybriecäT sk´TaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIyxageRkam edayépÞ


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48

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énb\srbs´xøÜnEdlcUleTAGs´TIRtwmEtcugRsUv kñúgEs|ksMrab´ruM

müa¨geT[t køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlR:scakkartak´Etg

nUvk|alehIytaMgenA xagelI kMNt´ edayGakas TTwg kMNt´

mankarlabeRbg p,a nigZUbCaedIm CakøinEdlbuK<lex¬IméRkeBk.

edaysréssk´CamYyKña .

køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlbuK<ldak´kñúgePøIg CakøinKYrex¬IméRkElg

karkMNt´ edayn&yza ²sk´TaMg

LayBIrsrés minGacman kúñgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH eQμaHza

CagenaHeTAeT[t .

karkMNt´edaycMENkrbs´xøÜn ‘sPaKbriecäT’ . Zmμtask´TaMg

RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleLIy bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl

Lay Edlelakmin:neZVIolayKña edaycMENk 31 d*ess

hñwgÉg .

TaMgLay y¨agenH za ²sk´TaMgLayminEmneram eramTaMgLay

dUcCarem[t sUm|IedayRTg´RTay k*manRTg´RTay dUcCadMurem[tç

k*minEmnsk´³ dUecñH . karkMNt´enH za ²cMENknu@H CacMENk

mYyeT[t saksBEq,exμAEdlehIme:¨geLIg RtUveKe:HecalelI

edayELk>³ eQμaHza visPaKbriecäT . enHCakarkMNt´ eday

TIkEnøgecalsMram edayBN( manBN(dUcCaetñatTMu edayRTg´

lk¡N; manBN(CaedIm énsk´TaMgLay . ÉenHCakarkMNt´

RTay manRTg´RTaybIdUcCaRTg´RTaysMePar EdleKlHbg´ecal

edaybdikUl 5 Rbkar edayGMNacénlk¡N; manBN(CaedIm

ehIyç sUm|Icg,ÚmTaMgLy énEq,enaH k*manRTg´RTay dUcCap,amøiH

énsk´TaMgLayenaH . Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH Carbs´bdikUl

RkBMu eRBaHehtuenaH lamkénkumar nig saksBénEq,exμATaMgBIr

edayBN(xøH

bdikUl

edayRTg´RTayxøH

bdikUl

edaykøinxøH

bdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&yxøH bdikUl edayOkasxøH . d|itza CnTaMgLay eXIjvtæúGVImYy EdlmanBN(dUcCask´ kñúgPaCn¾ énbbrkþI kñúgPaCn¾én:ykþI sUm|ICaTIKab´citþ ehIyex¬ImreGImza; vtæúenH layedaysk´ cUrGñkTaMgLay naMykvaecjeTA³ . sk´ TaMgLay Carbs´bdikUl edayBN(xøH y¨agenHÉg . müa¨geT[t CnTaMgLaysUm|IbriePaK kñúgevlayb´ TukCa Bal´RtUvehIy nUvsrésénsURt ß ßza nUvsrésénRkecA man RTg´RTaydUcCask´ ehIyex¬ImreGIm y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sk´TaMg Lay Carbs´bdikUl edayRTg´RTay y¨agdUecñHÉg .

EmnBit sk´TaMgLay edayBN( nig RTg´

dUcCalamkénkumarEdlenAekμg edayBN( manB(N

edayBN( nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´TaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr edayB(N nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT b¨uEnþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl BitEmnhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bEnøCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´sML EdlduHehIy eday karhUrecj énTwkRCaMGMBIRsuk kñúgTIminsÁat CavtæúKYrex¬Im minKYr nwgbriePaK énmnusSGñkRkugTaMgLay y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´ TaMgLay k*eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im eRBaHPaBénsk´enaHduHehIy edaykiriyahUrecj énvtæúminsÁat manxÞúH Qam TwkmURt Gahar cas´ Rbmat´ nig esøsμ CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .


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enH CaPaBbdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&y énsk´TaMgLayenaH . mYyeT[t Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH duHehIy kñúgKMnr

50

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdltaMgenAehIypg

nUv:téd:teCIgTaMgLayecjpg

PaK

én

eRcIn duHehIy kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;d*ess . edaybriecäT

cMENk 31 dUcbEnøEdlduHehIy kñuúgKMnrénlamkç sk´TaMgenaH

eramTaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\s rbs´xøÜn

eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im y¨agéRkElg eRBaHPaBénsk´enaH duH

EdlcUleTA

ehIy kñúgTIEdlminsÁat dUcCabEnøEdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLay

ehIytaMgenA xagelI edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´ edaysr-

manéRBsμsan nig TIecalsMramCaedImpg dUcCap,aQUk nig p,a

éseramKñaÉg .

lMcg´CaedIm EdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLayEdlminsÁat mansñam

srés minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

ePøaHCaedImpg dUecñHÉg .

rbs´xøÜn éneramTaMgLayenaH . kiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

enHCaPaBbdikUl edayOkas énsk´

TaMgLayenaH .

Gs´TIRtwmEtmYylixa

kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eramTaMgLay 2

R:kdesμI eday ‘karkMNt´’ sk´dUcKñaEdr .

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl énsk´TaMgLay y¨ag

‘Rkck’

Namijç k*Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl edaycMENk 5 y¨ag eday

Baküza ²RkckTaMgLay³ CaeQμaHénRtbk énRkckTaMg

GMNayénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT éncMENkTaMg

Lay 20 . RkckTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

BYg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

EtRBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´cMENkTaMgLay

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRskaRtI . edayTis RkckTaMg

TaMgBYg epSg> Kña edayGMNac ‘lk¡N;KW’ BN( RTg´RTay

Lay duHehIy kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr KW RkckeCIg duHkñúgTisxag

Tis Okas nig briecäT .

eRkam Rkckéd duHkñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas RkckTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIxñgxagcug énRmamédTaMgLay . edaybriecäT

‘eram’ bNþacMENkTaMgLayenaH eramTaMgLay Kb|IkMNt´mun eramtamRbRktI man 90ç000 reNþA

kñúgTisTaMg 3 elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´xagcugénRmamTaMg

edayBN(RbRktI Caeram

Lay xagkñúg kMNt´edaysac´xñgénRmaméd xageRkA nig xag

manBN(minexμA dUcCask´eT EtCaerammanBN(el]g layexμA

cug kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´edayRkckdUcKña . kar

bnþic . edayRTg´RTay eramTaMgLay mancugOncuH manRTg´

kMNt´ edayn&yza ²RkckTaMgBIr minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³

RTay dUcCab\setñat .

enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénRkckTaMgLayenaH . Ékar

edayOkas

edayTis eram ekItkñúgTisTaMg 2 .

eramTaMgLay elIkElgnUvOkas énsk´TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμI R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .


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‘eZμj’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Es|ksm|úrézáNa EdlbuK<lTajmkGMBIsrIr;TaMgmUl CaEs|k

‘155’ Baküza ²eZμjTaMgLay³ KWqÁwgeZμj 32 énbuK<l GñkmaneZμjRKb´RKan´ .

52

sm|úrézá manTMhMbu¨nRKab´BuRTa Es|ksm|úrézáenaH manBN(exμA

eZμjTaMg 32 enaHÉg edayBN( man

BN(sENþk:y nigBN(el]gCaedIm xagelIEs|kenaH . bu¨Enþ

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTayeRcInRbkar . EmnBit

Es|k edayBN( manBN(-s Etmüa¨g . k*PaBénEs|kenaH Ca

bNþaeZμjTaMgenaH eZμjTaMgLay 4 Rtg´kNþal eZμjCYreRkam

Es|kBN(-s nwgR:kd kalebIEs|ksm|úrézáEdlrlakehIy

mun manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´eXøak EdleKtMer[b tamlMdab´ elI

edayvtæúTaMgLay mankarrlak edayGNþatePøIg nigkarRbhar

dMudIsÁit .

edayeRK]gRbharCaedIm . edayRTg´RTay Es|k manRTg´RTay

BN(-s .

TaMgsgxag éneZμjkNþalTaMg 4 enaH eZμjmYy>

manb\smYy mancugmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCap,amøiHRkBMu . bnÞab´

dUcsrIr;Edr . enHCaesckþIseg¡b kñúgGZikarénRTg´RTayenH .

mk eZμjmYy> manb\s 2 mancug 2 manRTg´RTay dUcCaeQI

‘sNðanEs|kepSg>’

Tl´reTH .

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 3 mancug

EtebIeBaledayBisþar

Es|kénRmameCIg

manRTg´RTay

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 4 mancug 4

dUcCasMbukdg,Úvnag . Es|kxñgeCIg manRTg´RTay dUcCaEs|k

dUecñHÉg . sUm|IkñúgCYreZμjxagelI k*mann&ydUecñHEdr . eday

eCIgEkgecaT . Es|ksμg manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwketñatx©b´:y

Tis eZμjTaMgenaH duHehIykñúgTisxagelI .

edayOkas eZμj

Es|kePøA manRTg´RTaydUczg´Evg EdleBjeTAedayGg,r Es|k

TaMgenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwgcg,aTaMg 2 .

edaybriecäT eZμj

RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCasMBt´tRmg EdleBjedayTwk Es|k

TaMgenaH elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\srbs´xøÜn Edl

xñg manRTg´RTaydUcCaEs|kEdleRsabbnÞHkþar Es|keBaH man

taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgcg,a xagelI kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg

RTg´RTaydUcCaEs|k EdleKBassñÚkBiN Es|kRTUg PaKeRcIn

kMNt´ edayKña nig Kña .

manRTg´RTayragbYnRCug Es|keCIgédTaMgBIr manRTg´RTaydUcCa

3 .

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eZμjTaMg

Lay 2 minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kEdleKeRsabnUvsøabZñÚ

rbs´xøÜn éneZμjTaMgenaH .

eRsamkaMbiTekarxøH

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI edaysk´enaHÉg .

‘Es|k’ Baküza ²Es|k³ KW Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlfitenA .

Es|kxñgéd

manRTg´RTaydUcCa

manRTg´RTaydUcCaExlxøH

Es|kénRmaméd

manRTg´RTaydUcCaeRsamkUnesa Es|k-k manRTg´RTaydUcCa kGav Es|kmuxmanRbehagtUc-ZM manRTg´RTaydUcsMbukkNþÚb Es|kk|al manRTg´RTaydUcCaesøak:Rt dUecñHÉg .


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‘viZIkMNt´Es|k’

54

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

briecäT xageRkam kMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy xag

k*ÉRBHeyaKavcr GñkkMNt´Es|k Kb|IbJ¢ÚnjaN man

elI kMNt´ehIy edayGakas .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

mux eTAxagelI cab´edImGMBIbbUrmat´xagelIeTA ehIykMNt´ nUv

rbs´xøÜn énEs|kenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆmuxehIytaMgenA mundMbUgbgÁs´ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

esμI edaysk´Edr .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|kénqÁwgzáas

bnÞab´GMBIenaH RBHeyaKI kalbJ¢Ún

‘sac´’ ‘156’

jaNeTA tamcenøaHqÁwgk|al nig Es|kk|al dUcCabuK<llUkéd

Baküza ²sac´³ KWsac´ 900 duM . sac´TaMgGs´

eTA tamcenøaHén:Rt EdlbuK<lRckehIy kñúgesøak nig tam

enaHÉg edayBN( Rkhm RbEhlKñanwgp,acar. edayRTg´RTay

cenøaHénesøak y¨agdUecñaHEdr ehIyEjknUvPaBénEs|kCab´KñaEt

sac´kMPYneCIg manRTg´RTaydUcCa:y EdleKx©b´ehIy eday

mYy CamYynwgqÁwg Kb|IkMNt´Es|kk|al bnÞab´BIenaH RBHeyaKI

søwketñat . sac´RTUg manRTg´RTay dUcCakUnzμsMel[gkaMbit .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k-k

sac´RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCaeXñaHeCIgRkan . sac´xñgmanRTg´

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´Es|kédxagsþaM eday

Gnuelam nig bdielam

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|I

kMNt´Es|kédxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RTaydUcCaEpnéns,retñat . sac´RbCMuénqÁwgCMnIrBIrmanRTg´RTay

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´

dUcCakarlabedaydIsÁitd*esþIg Rtg´épÞénCRguk . sac´edaH man

Es|kxñgenaHehIy kMNt´Es|keCIgxagsþaM edayGnuelam nig

RTg´RTay dUcCaduMéndIsÁit EdlbuK<lsUnüehIyBüÜrTuk . sac´

bdielam

RbCMuénedImédTaMgBIr

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

eCIgxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k

tGMBIenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´

manRTg´RTaydUcCakNþúrd*ZM

EdlbuK<leZVICaBIrCan´ehIy tMkl´Tuk .

minmanEs|k

kalRBHeyaKI kMNt´

Es|kRkBHbsSav; Es|keBaH Es|kebHdUg nig Es|k-k tam

nUvsac´d*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|Isac´d*lÁit k*rEmgR:kd .

lMdab´hñwgÉg kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ nUv

edayTis sac´enaH ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMg 2 . edayOkas

Es|kcg,a

rYcehIy

sac´ EGbnUvqÁwg 300 kMNat´ minelIs ehIyfitenA . eday

júaMgTIbMputénbbUrmat´xageRkam odl´ehIyoseRmc . kal

briecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy

RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvEs|kd*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|IEs|k d*

kñúgeRKagqÁwg xagelI kMNt´ehIy edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ehIy

lÁit k*rEmgR:kd . edayTis Es|kekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLay

edaysac´dUcKña . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsac´

BIr . edayOkas Es|krMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlehIytaMgenA . eday

enaH .

EdlmanxageRkam

kñúglMdab´GMBIEs|k-k

ÉkiriyakMNt´cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


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‘srés’

56

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgLay Rtg´xñgéd nig xñgeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTay dUcCa

Baküza ²srés³ :ndl´ srés 9 ry .

edayB(N

eCIgstVsøab . srésTaMgLay elIk|al manRTg´RTay dUcCa

srésTaMgGs´ CaBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay srésTaMgLay

sMNaj´elIk|al énTarkTaMgLay . srésTaMgLay Rtg´xñg

manRTg´RTayepSg> . EmnBit bNþasrésTaMgenaH srésZM

manRTg´RTay dUcCasMNaj´TTwk EdleKRtdag BÆd*kMedAézá .

TaMgLay EdlrYmrwtnUvsrIr; cab´edImGMBIEpñkxagelI én k qøg

srésTaMgLay EdleTAtamGvyv; tUc-ZM enaH> d*ess man

cuHehIy tamEpñkxagmux ‘man’ 5ç srésZMTaMgLay tamEpñk

RTg´RTay dUcCaGavERsH EdleKBak´ehIy elIsrIr; . eday

xageRkay 5ç tamEpñkxagsþaM k* 5ç tamEpñkxageqVg k* 5ç

Tis srésTaMgLay ekItehIy kñuúgTisTaMgBIr . edayOkas

srésZMTaMgLay

tamEpñkxagmux

srésTaMgLay cgnUvqÁwgTaMgLay kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl fitenA .

srésZMTaMgLay

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdlvataMgenA

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxageqVg k*dUcKñaEdrç sUm|IEdlrYmrwt nUveCIg

ehIy xagelI énqÁwg 300 kMNat´ xagelI kMNt´ehIy eday

xagsþaM tamEpñkxagmuxéneCIg k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkayeCIg k*

RbeTsEdlvafitenA Tl´nwgsac´ nig Es|kTaMgLay . TTwg

5ç srésZMTaMgLay sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUveCIgxageqVg k*dUecñaHEdr

kMNt´ edaysrésdUcKña .

y¨agdUecñHÉg srésZMTaMgLay 60 eQμaHza srésRTRTg´ nUv

xøÜn énsrésenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI

srIr; rYmrwtnUvkay qøgcuHehIy . srésTaMgLayNa Edl

edaysk´Edr .

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxagsþaM

énéd k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkay énéd k* 5ç

elakehAza srésBYr dUecñHk*manç sUm|IsrésTaMgGs´enaH man

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´

‘qÁwg’

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´énedImrun . cMENkxagsrésTaMgLaydéT

Baküza ²qÁwgTaMgLay³ KWelIkElgEtqwÁgeZμj 32 ecj

RKbsg,t´ nUvRbeTsenaH> ehIyfitenA . srésTaMgLayEdl

qÁwgd*ess mancMnYn 300 y¨agdUecñH KW qÁwgédTaMgLay 64 qÁwg

lÁit edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaExSGMe:H .

eCIgTaMgLay 64 qÁwgTn´TaMgLayEdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ 64 qÁwg

srésTaMgLay déTeT[t EdllÁitedayviessCagsrésenaH

EkgTaMgLay 2 Rtg´eCIgnimYy> qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLayBIr > qÁwg

manRTg´RTay dUcCavløi¾epamhñwgÉg . srésTaMgLaydéT lÁit

sμgTaMgLay 2 qwÁgCg<g´ 1 qwÁgePøA 1 qÁwg ceg,H 2 qÁwgRTnugxñg

edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTay dUcCaExSBiNd*ZM .

TaMgLay 18 qÁwgCMnIrTaMgLay 24 qwÁgRTUgTaMgLay 14 qwÁg

srésTaMgLaydéT manRTg´RTay dUcCaGMe:Hezøas . srés

ebHdUg 1 qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay 2

qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay 2 qwÁg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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58

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edImédTaMgLay 2 qwÁgcugedImédBIr > qwÁg-k 7 qÁwgcg,a 2 qwÁg

edayELk manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkcab´Cagmas . qwÁgRtKakEdl

RcmuH 1 qwÁgEPñk 2 qwÁgsøwkRtec[k 2 qwÁgzáas 1 qwÁgbegØIy 1

taMgenA

qwÁgGMEbgk|al 9 .

cab´ eZVIomanmuxcuHeRkamehIy manRbehagtUc-ZM kñúgTI 7 ß 8

qwÁgTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay qÁwgTaMgLay manRTg´RTayepSg> .

Rtg´xagcug

manRTg´RTaydUcCaBBarBs´

EdlbuK<l

kEnøg . qwÁgRTnugxñgTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg manRTg´RTaydUcCaduM

EmnBit bNþaqwÁgTaMgenaH

énpÞaMgsMNPk´ EdlbuK<ldak´xagelI> xageRkA manRTg´RTay

qwÁgRmaméncugeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qwÁg

dUcCaExSlYsEdlmUl . kñúgcenøaH> énqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgenaH qwÁg

zñaMgRtg´kNþal lMdab´GMBIqwÁgRmameCIgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCa

RTnugxñgBIrbIR:kdesμIedayeZμjrNar . bNþaqwÁgCMnIrTaMgLay

RKab´xñúr . qwÁgzñaMgRtg´Kl´ manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgxñgeCIg

24 qwÁgCMnIrEdlmineBj manRTg´RTaydUcCakeNþ{vEqb qÁwgCMnIr

TaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaKMnrénb\srunEdleKdMehIy . qwÁg

TaMgLayEdleBj

Ekg manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´Epøetñat manRKab´mYy . qwÁgEPñkeKa

Gs´ manRTg´RTaydUcCasøabkagénman´-s . qwÁg®TUgTaMgLay

manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøGg<új sMrab´elgEdleKcgehIy . TIén

14 manRTg´RTaydUcCaERKEsñgsøabRKuDcas´ . qwÁgebHdUg man

qwÁgsμgTaMgLay EdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgEPñkeKaTaMgLay man

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøEvk . qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUc

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´epþA EdlbuK<lsksMbkecjehIy . qwÁg

CadgkaMbittUc Cavikar;énelah; . qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay manRTg´

sμgtUc manRTg´RTaydUcCadgZñÚtUc . qwÁgsμgZM manRTg´RTay

RTay dUcCacbkab´énsIhL; EdlEqbehIymYycMeh[g . qwÁg

dUcCaxñgBs´s<m . qwÁgCg<g´ manRTg´RTaydUcBBuHTwkEqbm¡ag .

edImédTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkbénkJ©k´ . qwÁgcugénedIm

TIénqwÁgsμgEdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgCg<g´TaMgLayenaH manRTg´

édTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCab\setñatTaMgKU . qwÁgénkédTaMg

RTaydUcCaEsñgeKa Edlmancugdac´tμilehIy . qwÁgePøA manRTg´

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCadMu énbnÞHsMNPk´ EdlbuK<lrMlay

RTaydUcdgkaMbit nig b¨UvezA EdleKRcasehIymin:nsÁat .

kñúgTICamYyKñaehIytMkl´Tuk . qwÁgxñgédTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

TItaMgénqwÁgePøAenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qwÁgceg,H manRTg´RTaydUc

dUcCaKMnr énb\srun EdleKdMehIy . qÁwgzñaMg énKl´RmamédTaMg

CaEpøGg<újsMrab´elg . TIénqwÁgceg,HEdlqwÁgePøAenaHtaMgenA man

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgkNþalTaMgLay

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøRkUc EdleKcitehIyRtg´k|al . qwÁgceg,HTaMg

manRTg´RTay dUcCaRKab´xñúrEqb . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgxagcugTaMgLay

Lay 2 Cab´KñaEtmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCac®g,ansμÚnqñaMg

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qÁwg-k TaMgLay 7 kg´ manRTg´

epSg

manRTg´RTaydUckeNþ{veBjç

qwÁgCMnIrTaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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60

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCakg´énTMBaMg EdlbuK<ledat edaykMNat´eQI ehIy

qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay

tMkl´Tuk tamlMdab´ .

qwÁgcg,a xageRkam manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT xagkñúg elakkMNt´ehIy edayxYrkñúgqÁwg xagelI

Rkcab´EdkénBYkCagmas . qwÁgcg,a xagelI manRTg´RTay dUc

kMNt´ edaysac´ Rtg´cug nig Rtg´Kl´ kMNt´ edayqÁwgdUcKña .

CakaMbitsMrab´lYsnUvGMeBA . qwÁgRbehagEPñk nig RbehagRcmuH

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énqÁwgTaMgenaH . Ékiriya

TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´etñatx©I

RtUveKyksac´ecj

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgxñgeCIgTaMgLay

.

‘xYrkúñgqwÁg’

Gs´ehIy . qwÁgzáas manRTg´RTaydUcCaGMEbgénsMbkxügEdl eKp,ab´ehIy tMkl´Tuk . qwÁgKum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

Baküza ²xYrkñúgqÁwg³ KW xYrEdltaMgenAehIy xagkúñugénqÁwg

dUcCaeRsamkaMbitekar énxμan´RBHeks . qwÁg kñúgOkasEdlCab´

TaMgLayenaH> . xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

Kña BÆd*xagelI énzáas nig Kum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

RTg´RTay xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH taMgenA xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLayZM> man

dUcCaekÁgénkÁmmanTwkeBj EdlbuK<lp,ab´cuHehIy . qwÁgbegØIy

RTg´RTaydUcCacugepþAd*ZM EdlbuK<leralehIydak´cUl kñúgbMBg´

manRTg´RTay dUcCallad¾Evk Edlmanmat´p,ab´ehIy . qwÁg

b\sSI taMgenAehIy xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLaytUc> manRTg´RTay

k|alTaMgLay

dUcCacugepþAd*tUc EdleKeralehIy dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMg énb\sSI

manRTg´RTaydUcCallad¾eXøakcas´

EdleK

TaMgLay . edayTis xYrkñúgqÁwg ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMgBIr .

edrehIy tMkl´Tuk . edayTis qwÁgTaMgLay ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgBIr . eday

edayOkas xYrkñúgqÁwg taMgenAehIy BÆd*xagkñuúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

Okas qÁwgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl edaymin

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞxagkñúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

EbøkKña . bu¨EnþedayesckþIEbøkKña bNþaqÁwgTaMgLaynu@H qÁwgk|al

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYrkñúgqÁwgenaH . Ékiriya

taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwg-k TaMgLay .

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

qÁwg-k TaMgLay taMgenA

‘tMrgbsSav;’

ehIy elIqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay . qÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay taMgenA ehIy elIqÁwgceg,HTaMgLay . qÁwgceg,HTaMgLay taMgenAehIy

‘157’

Baküza ²vk,M tMrgbsSav;³ KW dMusac´TaMgLay 2

elIqÁwgePøATaMgLay. qÁwgePøATaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgCg<g´

manTgEtmYy . tMrgbsSav;enaH edayBN( manBN(RkhmTn´

TaMgLay

dUcBN(RKab´rlYs:y . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

.

qÁwgCg<g´TaMgLay

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgsμgTaMg

Lay qÁwgsμgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay .

RKab´EpøGg<újsMrab´elgTaMgKU énekμgTaMgLay ß

ßza manRTg´


visuTÆimK< ERb

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62

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCaEpøsVayERBk EdlCab´enAnwgTgEtmYy . edayTis

mnusSsTÆacrit CaQammanBN(dUcCap,akNiÑkar sMrab´mnusS

ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas tMrgbsSav;enaH Ca

bJ¦acrit CaQamminlÁk´ sÁat zøa s brisuTÆ ß manBnøÅR:kd

ZmμCatCab´CamYyKña edaysrésd*ezøas Edlel[necjmkGMBI

dUcCaEkvmNICati EdlbuK<lécñehIy . edayTis ebHdUgenaH

bMBg´-k ehIyeTAbnþic edayKl´EtmYy ehIyEbkeTACaBIr ruMB&TÆ

ekItehIykñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ebHdUgenaH fitenAehIy

sac´énebHdUg ehIyfitenA .

Rtg´kNþal énedaHTaMgLayBIr xagkñúgénsrIr; . edaybriecäT

edaybriecäT tMrgbsSav; elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéntMrgbsSav; . enH CakiriyakMNt´

ebHdUg elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénebHdUg .

nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éntMrgbsSav;enaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

kMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énebHdUgenaH .

minesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

‘ebHdUg’

enHCakiriya

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUv

‘ezøIm’

Baküza ²ebHdUg³ KWsac´ebHdUg . sac´ebHdUgenaH eday

Baküza ²ezøIm³ KW dM:rénsac´TaMgKU . edayBN( ezøIm

BN( CaBN(Rkhm manBN(dUcCaBN(xñgRtbkQUk . eday

enaH manBN(Rkhm RbkbedayZatumanBN(el]g CaBN(min

RTg´RTay ebHdUgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkBMup,aQUk EdleKbk

RkhméRkeBk manBN(dUcCaxñg énRtbkp,aQUkRkhm . eday

nUvsMbkxageRkATaMgLay ecjehIytMkl´Tuk omanmuxeTAxag

RTg´RTay Rtg´Kl´ mYyduM Rtg´cugCaKU manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwk

eRkam manxageRkArlIg xagkñuúg dUcCaxagkñúgénEpønenag sMrab´

rlYspÁúg . mYyeT[t ezøImenaH sMrab´mnusSlág´TaMgLay Ca

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanR:C\a rIkbnþic sMrab´buK<lTaMgLay Gñk

ZmμCatZM manEtmYyKt´bu¨eNÑaHÉg . sMrab´mnusS manbJ¦aTaMg

manR:C\aTn´ ekþabeTAvijhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t xagkñúgebHdUgenaH

Lay CadMutUc> manBIr ß bI k*man .

manreNþA

énQam

ehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ezøImenaH taMgenAehIy

RbmaNknøHTUkéd EdlmenaZatu nig menaviJ¦aNZatu GaRs&y

GaRs&ynUvEpñkxagsþaM xagkñúgénedaHTaMgBIr . edaybriecäT ezøIm

ehIyRbRBwtþeTAç k*QamenHenaH sMrab´mnusSraKcrit CaQam

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénezøIm . enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUv

BN(Rkhm

cMENkrbs´xøÜn énezøImenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

TMhMGacdak´RKab´busSnaK:n

sRmab´mnusSeTascrit

CaTIdk´enA

CaQamBN(exμA

sMrab´

mnusSemahcrit CaQamBN(dUcCaTwksMrab´lagsac´ sRmab´ mnusSvitk,crit

CaQammanBN( dUcCasac´BBayRCug sMrab´

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘vav’

edayTis ezøImenaH ekIt


visuTÆimK< ERb ‘158’

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Baküza ²vav³ :ndl´ sac´sRmab´ruMB&TÆ man 2

64

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘sYt’

y¨ag edayRbePTEdlbiT:Mg nig minbiT:Mg . vavTaMgBIrenaH Ég edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMNat´sMBt´BIrCan´ .

Baküza ²sYt³ KWsac´sYtmanRbePT 32 kMNat´ . sYt

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkasrbs´xøÜn . edayTis

enaH edayBN( CaBN(Rkhm manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøóTum¬r Edl

vavEdlbiT:Mg ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI vaveRkAenH ekItehIy

enARsKal . edayRTg´RTay sYtenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaduMénnM

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr .

d*Rkas´

edayOkas vavEdlbiT:Mg biT:MgnUv

EdleKkat´ehIyminesμI

vaminmanrsCat

minmanOCa

ebHdUg nig tMrgbsSav;ehIytaMgenAç vavEdlminbiT:Mg ruMB&TÆnUv

dUcCadMu énsøwkeQIEdlbuK<lTMBaehIy eRBaHPaBénsYtenaH Ca

sac´ GMBITIxageRkaménEs|k kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIytaMgenA .

vtæúEdlcMhayéneteCaZatuEdlekItGMBIkmμ puseLIgehIy kMcat´

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

bg´ecal eRBaHBÆd*xagkñúg vaminmanvtæúEdlRtUvsIucUleTA nig vtæú

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ edaycMENkénvav .

enHKWCa

EdlRtUvpwkcUleTAeLIy . edayTis sYt ekItehIy kñúgTis

rIÉkiriyakMNt´

xagelI . edayOkas sYtenaH biT:MgnUvebHdUg nig ezøIm xag

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énvavenaH . nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘RkBH’ Baküza ²RkBH³ :ndl´ sac´manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþat kñúgeBaH . RkBHenaH edayBN( CaBN(ex[v manBN(dUcCap,a edImKnÞIs . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþatkUneKa

elI ehIytaMgenAsMyugcuH Rtg´cenøaH énedaHTaMgBIr BÆd*xagkñúg énsrIr; . edaybriecäT sYt elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENk énsYt . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsYtenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[nZM’

exμA manTgRbEvg 7 Zñab´ . edayTis RkBHenaH ekItehIy kñúg

Baküza ²eBaHev[nZM³ :ndl´ ExSeBaHev[nZM rbs´mnusS

TisxagelI . edayOkas RkBHenaH fitenAGaRs&ynUvxagCaTI

RbusmanRbEvg 32 htæ rbs´®sþI manRbEvg 28 htæ bt´ev[n

bMput éndM:reBaH kñuúgEpñkxageqVgénebHdUg . kalebIRkBHel[n

cuHeLIg kñúgTITaMgLay 21 pñt´ .

ecjmkxageRkA eRBaHkarRbharedayeRK]gRbharehIy stVTaMg

CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMe:r layedayRkYs . edayRTg´

Lay k*nwgGs´CIvit . edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ edaycMENk

RTay eBaHev[nZM manRTg´RTaydUcCaBs´ Edldac´k|al RtUveK

énRkBH .

bMeBnehIy tMkl´Tuk kñúgsñÚkénQam .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRkBHenaH .

eBaHev[nZMenHenaH edayB(N

edayTis ekItehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nZM taMgenA xagkñúg

vtæúEdlbuK<lsuI pwk TMBasIu nig liD manenA kñúgeBaH

srIr; kñúgTIbMputénbMBg´-k nig pøÚvénkrIs; eRBaHxagelIeBaHev[n

eQμaHza GaharzμI . GaharzμIenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCa

ZMenaH Cab´enARtg´bMBg´-k pg xageRkam Rtg´pøÚvénkrIs;pg .

Gahar EdlelbcUleTA . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nZM . enH

Gg,r EdlbuK<levcehIyy¨agZUr kñúgsMBt´tMrgTwk . edayTis

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[nZMenaH .

taMgenA kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenA kñúgeBaH .

Ékiriya

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[ntUc’ ‘159’

‘eBaH’ eQμaHza eBaH KWGvyv;EdlruMB&TÆnUgeBaHev[nZM R:kdesμI

Baküza ²eBaHev[ntUc³ KWeBaHev[nCaeRK]gcg kñúg

edaykare:¨gEdlekItRBm Rtg´kNþalénsMBt´TTwk EdlbuK<l

TIéncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMgLy . eBaHev[ntUcenaH edayBN( Ca

rYmxagTaMgBIr xageRkA rlIg xagkñúg R:kdesμIedaysMBt´Edl

BN(-s manBN(dUcCab\séncg,úlNI . edayRTg´RTay man

x©b´nUvTwkrdUv RbLak´edayeRK]grMunUvkaksac´ kareBalza ² ‘xag

RTg´RTaydUcCab\séncg,úlNIhñwgÉg . edayTis ekItehIykñúg

kñúgóTrenaH’ R:kdesμIedayxagkñúg énsMbkxñúrEdlsÁúy³ dUecñH

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nTUcenaH cgehIy nUv

xøH k*KYr . dg,ÚvTaMgLay man 32 hÚVg manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenHdUecñH

cgVayeBaHev[nZM

omanTIbMputxagcug kñúgTICamYyKña dUcCaExS

KW dg,ÚvTaMgLay eQμaHtek,adk; 1 eQμaHKNÐúb|aTk; 1 eQμaH

énynþcgnUvEpnkþar énynþTaMgLay kñúgeBlEdlBYkCag eZVIkic©

talhIrk; 1 eQμaHsUcimuxk; 1 eQμaHbdtnþÚ 1 eQμaHsutþk;1

karTaMgLay mankargarkab´edaycb nig bU¨vezACaedIm TajnUv

CastVBBak´BBUnelIKña eRtceTACaBYk> enAGaRs&ykñúgeBaHç BYk

ynþ taMgenAehIy kñúgcenøaH éncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMg 21 cgVay

dg,Úv kalebIvtæúman:y nig TwkCaedIm minman k*ke®J¢aleLIg

dUcCaExStUcEdledrnUveBaHev[nZMenaH kñúgcenøaHénmNÐl RTnab´

ERskCJ¢k´nUvsac´ebHdUg nig kñúgeBlEdlbuK<lelb nUvGahar

sMrab´CUteCIgy¨agenaHÉg ehIytaMgenA . edaybriecäT eBaHev[n

manTwk nig ePaCnCaedImcUleTA vamanmat´eTA BÆd*xagelI rvIm

TUcenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nTUc . enHCa

rvam CEJ¢gKña nUvBMnUtBIrbIBMnUt EdlbuK<lelbcUleTA CadMbUgç

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[ntUcenaH . Ékiriya

eBaH dUcCapÞHCaTIekIt Cavc©kudi CamnÞIreBTü nig CaéRBsμsan

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

rbs´dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHç kñúgeBaH vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCnCaedImman

‘GaharzμI’

RbkarepSg> EdlGERgKWeZμjlMGitehIy Edléd KWGNþatpat´


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RbmUlehIy B&nÆB&TÆehIyedaydMuTwkmat´ kñuúgxN;enaH vaCarbs´

Cars ehIycUleTA TMnukbMrugnUvvtæúmanQam nig sac´CaedIm .

dl´RBmedayvtæúmanBN( køin nig rsCaedIm eTAR:sehIy dUc

edaybriecäT eBaHenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaydM:réneBaHhñwg

Twk:yénCagtm|aj nig kMGYtEqÁ Zøak´cuHehIy CavtæúruMB&TÆeday

Ég nig edaycMENkénGaharzμIpgEdr .

Rbmat´ esøsμ nig xül´ CavtæúBuHehIy edaykMLaMg énkMedAePøIg

cMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

kñúgeBaH vwkvr edayhVÚgdg,Úv beJ©jnUvBBuH nig kMeBjTaMgLay

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUv

‘Gaharcas´’

BÆd*xagelI> dl´nUvPav;CakaksMNl´EdlmankøinGaRkk´ nig KYr ex¬IméRkeBk fitenA ‘kñúgeBaH’ manóbmadUcCa kalebIePø{g man

óc©ar; eQμaHza Gaharcas´ . Gaharcas´enaH edayB(N

RKab´d*ezøas bgÁúrcuH kñúgniTaXsm&y‘rdUvekþA’ CasaksBepSg>

manBN(dUcCaGahar EdlbuK<lelbcUleTAehIyhñwgÉg eday

cab´edImGMBImURt krIs; kMNat´Es|k kMNat´qÁwg kMNat´srés

eRcIn . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkas . edayTis

Twkmat´ TwksMe:r nig Qam

KWTwkbnSat´mk Zøak´cuH kñúgreNþA

ekItehIy kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas fitenAehIykñúgRkBH

RCaM Ek|rTVarRsukénmnusScNÐal RbLÚkRbLak´ehIy edayPk´

énGaharcas´ . eQμaHza RkBHénGaharcas´ R:kdesμIeday

nig Twk GMeNIHBIrbIézámk manhÚVgdg,Úv ekItRBmeLIg BuHehIy

bMBg´b\sSI kMBs´RbEvg 8 Gg<úlI fitenA kñúgTIbMputéneBaHev[nZM

edaykMLaMgénkMedARBHGaTitüdutehIy beJ©jnUvBBuH nigkMeBj

kñúgcenøaH énp©itxageRkam nig Kl´énRTnugxñgTaMgLayç vtæúman

TaMgLay BÆd*xagelI manBN(ex[véRkeBk mankøinsÁúyéRkElg

Twk nig ePaCnCaedIm ÉNamYy EdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgRkBH én

KWbuK<lKYrex¬Im dl´nUvPaBCarUb minKYredIrcUleTACit minKYredIm|I

GaharzμI EdlePøIgkñúgeBaH cMGinehIy> opuseLIgCaBBuH dl´

eXIjeLIy taMgenA nwgcaM:c´eBaleTAzVI dl´karhit ß karliD

ehIy nUvPaBCarbs´lÁit dUcCakinedayzμkin ehIyhUrcuHtamrnÆ

dUecñaHÉg . PaBénkarminKab´citþ kñúgvtæúTaMgLay manTwk nig

éneBaHev[nZM sg,t´enAelIKña dUcCadIsÁitBN(el]g EdlbuK<l

ePaCnCaedIm

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

Rc:c´dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMgb\sSI taMgenAkñúgRkBH énGaharcas´

mYyeT[t vtúæmanTwk nig

dUcCaTwkePø{gEdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgPUmiPaKBÆd*xagelI hUrcuHehIy

ePaCnCaedIm EdlZøak´cUlehIy kñúgeBaH dl´nUvkarEbgEckCa

júaMgPUmiPaKxageRkam oeBjeRb[behIytaMgenA y¨agenaHÉg .

rEmgekIteLIg

eRBaH»nUveBaH

eRBaHBicarNaeXIj edaybJ¦ackú¡ .

5 cMENk KWBYkstVTMBasIumYycMENk ePøIgkñúgeBaHdutmYycMENk cMENkmYyCaTwkmURt cMENkmYyCakrIs; cMENkmYydl´nUvPaB

edaybriecäT

Gaharcas´enaH

elakkMNt´ehIy eday

dM:rénRkBH énGaharcas´pg edaycMENk énkrIs;pgEdr .


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enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énGaharcas´enaH . É

edayOkas Rbmat´minmaneRsam elIkElgnUvTIEdlputRsLH

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

caksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUvEs|kTaMg

‘xYrkñúgk|al’ KMnrénxYrEdltaMgenA

rwgTaMgsáÜtpg RCYtRCabeTAkan´srIr;d*essehIytaMgenA dUcCa xYrkñúg

tMNk´eRbg RCYtRCabnUvTwk y¨agenaHÉg kalebIRbmat´minman

k|al . xYrkñúgk|alenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCa

eRsamkMerIkehIy EPñkTaMgLayénstVTaMgLay CaZmμCatel]g

dMuénpSitk|alBs´ .

kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCaTwkedaHRss´

RsvaMg xøÜnjab´j&r rmas´ . Rbmat´maneRsam fitenAehIykñúg

xUc Edlmindl´nUvPaBCaTwkedaHCUr³ dUecñHxøHk*KYrEdr . edayRTg´

eRsamRbmat´ EdldUcCasMbknenagéRBd*ZM GaRs&ynUvsac´ezøIm

RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxag

ehIytaMgenA kñuúgcenøaHénebHdUg nig sYt kalebIRbmat´Edlman

elI . edayOkas xYrkñúgk|alenaH GaRs&ysERgkTaMgLay 4

eRsam kMerIkehIy stVTaMgLay nwgeTACaq,Üt mancitþrevIrvay

taMgenACMuKñaehIy xagkñúgénllad¾k|al

bIdUcCaduMénemSA 4 duM

lHbg´ecalnUvhiri nig Otþb|; eZVInUvGMeBIEdleKminKYreZVI niyay

EdleKRbmUlTukCMuKña y¨agenaHÉg . edaybriecäT xYrkñúgk|al

BaküEdleKminKYrniyay KitnUver]gEdlbuK<lminKYrKit. eday

elakkMNt´ edayépÞxagkñúg énllad¾k|al nig edaycMENk

briecäT Rbmat´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénRbmat´ .

énxYrkñúgk|alpg .

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRbmat´enaH . Ékiriya

kñúgk|alenaH .

kñúgllad¾k|al

eQμaHza

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYr

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaysk´Edr .

‘esøsμ’ ‘Rbmat´’

‘160’

Baküza ²Rbmat´³ KW Rbmat´man 2 KW Rbmat´man

Baküza ²esøsμ³ KW esøsμEdlmanRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt xagkñúgénsrIr; . esøsμenaH edayBN( manBN(-s manB(N

eRsam 1 Rbmat´minmaneRsam 1 . bNþaRbmat´TaMgenaH Rbmat´

bIdUcCaTwk énsøwkxÞwmxab´ .

maneRsam edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbgRsKMxab´ Rbmat´min

Okas . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas taMgenA

maneRsam manBN(dUcCap,aBkulsVit . edayRTg´RTay Rbmat´

ehIy kñuúgdM:réneBaH esøsμ kñúgeBlbuK<lelbnUvGaharmanTwk

TaMg 2 manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

nig ePaCnCaedIm kalebITwk nig ePaCnCaedIm Zøak´cUleTA va

edayTis Rbmat´maneRsam

ekIt kñúgTisxagelI Rbmat´«teRsam ekItkñúgTisTaMgLay 2 .

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytam

EbkeTACaBIrcMENk RKbCitCMuvij fitenAtamedIm manóbmadUcCa


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saray nig ck kñúgTwk kalebIkMNat´eQI ß ek|}g Zøak´cuHeTA

manbUs nig pþÜcCaedIm ekIteLIg kñúgsrIrb|eTsNa> xÞúH k*taMg

k*EbkCaBIrcMENk RKbCMuCitehIytaMgenA dUcedImvij dUecñaHÉg .

enAkñúgsrIrb|eTsenaH> . edaybriecäT xÞúHenaHelakkMNt´ehIy

mYyeT[t kalebIesøsμ mantictYc eBaH CaZmμCat mankøindUcCa

edaycMENkénxÞúH .

saksB EdlKYrex¬IméRkElg dUcCabUsEdlTMu‘Zøay’pg dUcCa

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

Bgman´sÁúypg mankøinsÁuúyKYrex¬Im dUecñaHEdr . mYyeT[t eRBaH

‘Qam’

enHCakarkMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxÞúH

køinEdlekIteLIgehIy GMBIeBaHenaH TaMgkarePIreLIg TaMgmat´ k*

Baküza ²Qam³ KW Qamman 2 y¨ag KW; Qamxab´ 1

mankøinsÁúy dUcCasaksBEdlmankøinsÁúy . mYyeT[t burs

Qamrav 1 . bNþaQamTaMgBIrenaH Qamxab´ edayBN( man

enaH nwgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkKWeKeBal ‘edj’ za ²cUrGñkec[secj

BN(dUcCaTwkl&k¡ EdlbuK<lcMGinxab´ Qamrav manBN(dUcCa

eTA GñkpSaynUvkøinminlÁ³ dUecñH .

mYyeT[t esøsμ cMerIneLIg

Twkl&k¡d*zøa .

edayRTg´RTay QamTaMgBIr manRTg´RTay tam

dl´nUvPaBCarbs´xab´ biTkøinénsaksBCit BÆd*xagkñuúg éndM:r

Okas . edayTis Qamxab´ ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI Qam

eBaHhñwgÉg ehIyfitenA dUcCakþarKRmbvc©kudi . edaybriecäT

eRkAenH ekItkñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas Qamrav elITuk

esøsμenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénesøsμ . enHCakiriya

nUvTIbMputcaksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUv

kMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énesøsμenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kTaMgrwgTaMgsáÜtpg pSayeTAkan´ó:TinñksrIr;TaMgGs´ehIy

minesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

taMgenA

tamExSbNþajénsrés

Qamxab´

júaMgcMENkxag

eRkaménTItaMgénezøImoeBjehIy manRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt hUr

‘xÞúH’ Baküza ²xÞúH³ KW xÞúHenaH manBN(dUcCasøwkeQIel]g . Et

ecjbnþic> xagelI éntMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYt júaMg

kñúgsrIr;mnusSEdlsøab´ehIy xÞúHmanBN(dUcCaTwk:ypÁÚmxab´.

tMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYtTaMgLay oesImfitenA eRBaH

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis mankñúg

za kalebIQamenaH minjúaMgGakar;TaMgLay mantMrgbsSav;

TisTaMgLayBIr . ebIeBaltamOkas ZmμtaOkasénxÞúH Cab´Ca

ebHdUgCaedIm oesImeT stVTaMgLay k*nwgeRskXøan . eday

nic© minman xÞúHenaH kkehIyfitenA kñúgOkas .

k*kalebIsrIr-

briecäT QamenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénQam . enH

b|eTs EdlvtæúTaMgLaymandg<t´ bnøa eRK]gRbhar nigGNþat

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénQamenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

ePøIgCaedIm bHTg<icehIy QamedarehIyBg ßk* BkTaMgLay

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


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‘ejIs’

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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énEs|k nig sac´ sMrab´mnusSs<m manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´

Baküza ²ejIs³ KW ZatuTwkEdlhUrecj GMBIrnÆTaMgLay

sMBt´BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t EdlbuK<leZVIoeTACaBIrbICan´

manrnÆeramCaedIm . ejIsenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglá

ehIytMkl´Tuk eRBaHGaRs&y nUvsac´TaMgLayenH KW; sac´sμg

d*zøa . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. edayTis ekIt

sac´ePøA sac´xñg EdlGaRs&ynUvRTnugxñg sac´kNþab´eBaH .

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas ejIsenaH Kb|IfitenA sBV>

edayTis xøaj´xab´ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas

kal dUcCaQam kñúgOkasNa ZmμtaOkasénejIs Cab´Canic©

xøaj´xab´ pSayeTAkan´srIr;TaMgmUl rbs´mnusSZat´ GaRs&ynUv

enaH minman .

sac´epSg>

k*kñúgkalNa srIr; sÁúHsÁab´GMBIehtuTaMgLay

mansac´sμgmnusSs<mCaedImfitenA

CnTaMgLay

mankMedAePøIg kMedARBHGaTitü nig karERbRbYlrdUvCaedIm kñúgkal

minkan´yknUvxøaj´xab´ sUm|Idl´ehIynUvkarrab´za CaeRbg edIm|I

enaH ejIs k*hUrecj GMBIcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eramTaMgBYg dUc

RbeyaCn¾eZVICaeRbg ‘sMrab´labnUvsk´’ elIk|al minkan´yk

Ca:c´énTgQUk RKan´EtbuK<ldkehIy GMBITwk manRkeGA nig

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´vtæúTaMgLaymaneRbgsMrab´hit tamRcmuH Ca

sUm|IRTg´RTay énejIsenaH

edIm eRBaHxøaj´xab´nu@H Carbs´EdlKYrex¬IméRkeBk . edaybriecäT

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacéncenøaHénrnÆsk´ nigeramhñwgÉg .

xageRkam xøaj´xab´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

k*RBHeyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvejIs Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvejIs eday

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´edaycMENk énxøaj´xab´ .

GMNacénejIsEdljúaMgcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eram oeBjehIy

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxøaj´xab´enaH .

fitenAhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT ejIs elakkMNt´ehIy eday

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

b\s dac´minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH

cMENkénejIs .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénejIs

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘xøaj´xab´’ Baküza ²xøaj´xab´³ KW C&rEdlxab´ . xøaj´xab´enaH eday

enH

Ékiriya

‘TwkEPñk’ Baküza ²TwkEPñk³ KWZatuTwkEdlhUrecjBIEPñkTaMgLay. TwkEPñkenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglád*zøa . edayRTg´ RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTis

BN( manBN(dUcCarem[tEdlbuK<lcitehIy . edayRTg´RTay

xagelI . edayOkas fitenAehIy kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay .

xøaj´xab´ sMrab´mnusSZat´ mun manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´sMBt´

TwkEPñkenH min:ndk´enA sBV> kal kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay dUcCa

BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t

TwkRbmat´dk´enA kñúgeRsamRbmat´eT .

EdlbuK<ltMkl´TukehIy kñúgcenøaH

k*kñúgkalNa

bu¨Enþ

stVTaMg


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Lay ekItesamnsS esIcy¨agxøaMg ekIteTamnsS yMxSwkxSÜl

kMedARBHGaTitü rdUvminesμI nig ZatuminesμITaMgLay kñúgeBlenaH

ßk* elbGaharminesμI mansPaBdUecñaH

xøaj´xab´enaH sJ©reTA xagnu@Hpg xagenHpg kñúgsrIrb|eTsTaMg

EPñkTaMgLay

énstVTaMgLayenaH

mYyeT[t kñúgkalNa

xÞaMgxÞb´

edayvtæúTaMgLay

LayenaH dUcCatMNk´eRbgEdlRsk´cuHeTA elITwkEdlzøa kñuúg

manEpSgZUlI nig Gacm¾dICaedIm kñúgkalenaH TwkEPñkenaH k*ekIt

eBlEdlgUtdUecñaHÉg . edaybriecäT xøaj´ravenaH elakkMNt´

eLIg eRBaHesamnsS nig eTamnsS Gahar nig rdUvEdlminesμI

ehIy edaycMENkénxøaj´rav .

TaMgLayenHehIy fitenAeBjrnÆEPñkxøH hUrecjmkxøH . k*RBH

rbs´xøÜnénxøaj´ravenaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

eyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvTwkEPñk Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNac énTwkEPñk

esμIedaysk´Edr .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

‘Twkmat´’

EdljúaMgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay oeBjehIy fitenAhñwgÉg . eday briecäT TwkEPñk elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkEPñk . enH

ZatuTwklayedayBBuH BÆd*xagkñúgmat´ eQμaHzaTwkmat´ .

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwkEPñkenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

Twkmat´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s manBN(dUcBBuHTwk . eday

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. kareBalza ²manRTg´RTay dUcCaBBuHTwk³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr .

‘xøaj´rav’ ‘161’

edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTisxag

Baküza ²xøaj´rav³ ERbza C&rrav . xøaj´ravenaH

elI . edayOkas Twkmat´enaH hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr

edayBN( manBN(dUceRbgdUg . kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCa

ehIyfitenA elIGNþat . bu¨EnþTwkmat´enaH minEdldk´enA kñúgTI

eRbgEdleKeRsacehIy kñúgTwk:y³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr . edayRTg´

nu@H sBV> kal eT k*kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLayeXIj ß rlwk

RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCatMNt´eRbgEdlRsk´cuH GENþt BÆd*

dl´nUvGahar y¨agdUecñaH ßk* dak´nUvGaharNamYy kñúgcMeNam

xagelI énTwkEdlzøa kñúgevlaEdlgUt . edayTis ekItkñúgTis

GaharEdlmanrsekþA lVIg hwr éRb nig CUr TaMgLay kñúgmat´

TaMgLayBIr . edayOkas PaKeRcIn xøaj´xab´enaH fitenAehIy

ßk* kñúgeBlNa ebHdUg rbs´stVTaMgLayenaH rmYl ß esckþI

elIépÞéd xñgéd épÞeCIg xñgeCIg ekþagRcmuH záas nig cg,Úy

ex¬Im ekIteLIgkñúgvtæúNamYyhñwgÉg kñúgeBlenaH Twkmat´ ekIt

sμaTaMgLay . b¨uEnþxøaj´xab´enH minEmnCaZmμCatrlay fitenA

eLIgehIy hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgLayBIr ehIyfitenA elI

kñúgOkasTaMgenH sBV> kal :neT

GNþat . mYyeT[t Twkmat´enaH elIcugGNþat mantic elIKl´

k*kñúgeBlNa RbeTs ‘KW

ragkay’ TaMgenaH CasPav;mancMhayekItehIy eRBaHkMedAePøIg

GNþat maneRcIn .

mYyeT[t GNþatn@uH mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA


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esaHeLIy dUcCaTwkGNþÚg EdlbuK<lCIkehIy elIdIxSac´ Ek|r

Edldk´enAeBjekþagRcmuHhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT TwksMe:renaH

sÞwg mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA dUecñaHÉg CaTwkmat´Gac edIm|InwgjúaMg

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwksMe:r . enHCakarkMNt´

GMbuk ß Gg,r ßk* júaMgxaTnIy; déTNamYy EdleKdak´cUleTA

nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwksMe:renaH .

ehIy kñúgmat´ oesIm:n .

esμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaybriecäT Twkmat´enaH elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkmat´ . enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwkmat´enaH .

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

‘TwklMGil’ saksBCalMGil BÆd*xagkñúg éntMNkñúgsrIr; eQμaHza TwklMGil . TwklMGilenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaC&r énp,a

esμIedaysk´Edr .

kNÑikar . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . ekIt kñúg

‘TwksMe:r’ TwkminsÁat

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkmin

eQμaHza

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas TwklMGilenaH fitenA xagkñúg

TwksMe:renaH edayBN( manBN(bIdUcCaxYr kñúg

éntMN 180 júaMgkic©KWkarbt´nUvtMNénqÁwgTaMgLay osMerc .

RKab´etñatx©I . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . eday

k*TwklMGilnu@H énbuK<lNamantic kalebIbuK<lenaH eRkakeLIg

Tis ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenAeBjekþag

Gg<úycuH QaneTAmux QanzyeRkay bt´cUl laecj qÁwgTaMg

RcmuH . bu¨Enþ TwksMe:renaH minfitenA kñúgekþagRcmuHnu@H sBV>

Lay k*rEmglan´»sUrsMeLgkd;kd; dUcCabuK<ledIrpÞat´Rmam

kaleT . tamBit kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLay yM ßk* CaGñkman

éd y¨agdUecñaHÉg . kalbuK<lenaH edIreTAkan´pøÚvqáay Gs´TI

karkMerIkénZatuEdlekIteLIg edayGMNacénGahar nigrdUv man

Rtwm 1 eyaCn¾ nig 2 eyaCn¾

cMENkminesμI kñúgeBlenaH xYrkñúgk|al Edldl´ehIynUvPaBCa

k*lM:k . Etza TwklMGil énbuK<lNa maneRcIn qÁwgTaMgLay

esøsμsÁúy hUrecj GMBIxagkñúgk|al ehIyqøgcuH tamcenøaHTI

énbuK<lenaH minlan´»sUrsMeLg kd;kd; kñúgkarkMerIkTaMgLay

bMputRkGUmmat´ehIy júaMgekþagRcmuHoeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUr

mankareRkak nig karGg<úyCaedImeT

ecjxøH dUcCabursx©b´nUvTwkedaHCUr kñúgsøwkQUkehIy ykbnøa

eTAkan´pøÚvqáay vaeyaZatu k*minkMerIk xøÜnTaMgLay k*minlM:k .

cak´ BÆd*xageRkam kalebIdUecñaH TwkedaHCUrrav k*hUrecjmk tam

edaybriecäT TwklMGilenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkén

RbehagenaHehIy Kb|IZøak´cuHmkxageRkA y¨agenaHÉg . k*RBH

TwklMGil. enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwklMGilenaH .

eyaKIGñkkMNt´nUvTwksMe:r Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacTwksMe:r

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

TwksMe:r .

EdlhUrecjmk

GMBIxYrkñúgk|al

vaeyaZatu k*kMerIk

xøÜnTaMgLay

kalebIbuK<lenaH sUm|IedIr


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79

‘TwkmURt’

80

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tamn&yza ²edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk³ dUecñHCaedIm kñúgTI

Baküza ²TwkmURt³ KW edayBN( TwkmURtenaHmanBN(dUc

bMputénkarQanknøgnUvbJ¦tþi BicarNa nUvkayenHza ²sk´TaMg

CaTwkk|úg énsENþkraCmas . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTay

Lay man kñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ Zm(TaMgLayTaMgBYgenaH Ca

dUcCaTwkEdlfitenA xagkñúgkÁmTwk EdlbuK<ldak´p,ab´mat´ eTA

Zm(R:kd minmunmineRkay eRb[bdUcCakalbursmanckú¡ RkeLk

xageRkam . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas

emIlnUvp,akRmg EdleKRkgp,amanBN( 32 Rbkar edayGMe:H

fitenAxagkñúg énRkBHbsSav; . epøakénRkBHbsSav; elakehA

mYysrésrYmKña p,aTaMgBYgTaMgLayCap,aR:kd minmunmineRkay

za eQμaHza RkBHbsSav; .

TwkmURt GMBIsrIr; kñúgRkBHbsSav;

dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalTuk kñúgmnsikareka-

EtghUrcUl Etza pøÚvCaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkmURtenaH minR:kdeT

sløkza za; k*GaTikmμikbuK<l kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²eksa³

R:kdEtpøÚvCaTIhUrecj dUcCaTwkRCaM hUrcUleTA kñúgkÁmEdlRsaM

dUecñH mnsikar eTATl´nwgcMENkCaTIbMputenHza ²mutþM³ ehIyfit

manmat´cuHeRkam EdlbuK<ldak´ehIyenAEk|rreNþATwkRCaM EtpøÚv CaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkRCaMenaH minR:kd y¨agenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kalebIRkBHbsSav; eBjehIy edayTwkmURt esckþIxVlx ´ Vayza ²eyIgTaMgLaybenÞabg´nUvbsSav;³ Etgmandl´stVTaMgLay . edaybriecäT TwkmURtenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edayxagkñúgénRkBH bsSav;pg edaycMENk énTwkmURtpgEdr . cMENkrbs´xøÜn énTwkmURtenaH .

enHCakarkMNt´nUv

ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

srub ‘162’

k*kalRBHeyaKI kalkMNt´nUvcMENkTaMgLay

mansk´CaedIm edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT y¨agenHehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²bdikUl>³ edaycMENk 5

edayGMNayBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas

enA . k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlmknUvmnsikar sUm|Ixag eRkA kalebIdUecñH nakalekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLayR:kd dl´ RBHeyaKIenaH y¨agenH stVTaMgLay manmnusS nig tircäan Ca edIm EdledIrmk lHbg´nUvGakar;rbs´stV rEmgR:kd eday GMNacénKMnrénekadðas;Etmüa¨g

k*vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCn CaedIm

EdlstVTaMgLaymanmnusS nig tircäanCaedImenaH elbcUleTA rEmgR:kd bIdUcCavtæúEdleKdak´cUleTA kñúgKMnrénekadðas; .

‘nimitþ kñúglMdab´enaH

nig

Gb|na’

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> za

²bdikUl>³ edayGMNacénmnsikarekasløviZI mankarlHbg´nUv lMdab´CaedIm Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg tamlMdab´ . kñúgkiriyaekIt eLIgénGb|naenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza; kiriyaR:kd edayGMNac énBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas

nig briecäT éncMENkTaMgLay


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82

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘ehtuEdlehAzakayKtasti’

mansk´CaedIm eQμaHza óK<hnimitþ kiriyaR:kd ‘énekadðas; TaMgenaH’ edayGMNacénbdikUl edayGakar;RKb´y¨ag eQμaHza bdiPaKnimtþ .

kalRBHeyaKI esB eZIVoeRcIn nUvbdiPaKnimitþ

enaH Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg edayGMNacénbfmCÄan bIdUcCa

k*kmμdðanenH sUm|IsMerc edayGMNacénbfmCÄan y¨ag dUecñH k*elakehAza ²kayKtasti³ eRBaHsMerc edaykMLaMg én sti kñúgcMENkTaMgLay manBN( nig RTg´RTayCaedIm .

‘GanisgScMerInkayKtasti’

Gb|na kñúgGsuPkmμdðan tamn&yEdleyIgeBalmkehIy . RBH eyaKavcrNamancMENkmYyKt´R:kd ßRBHeyaKavcrNa dl´

k*ÉPikú¡EdlRbkber]y>

nUvkayKtastienH

nUvGb|na kñúgcMENkmYyehIy mineZVInUvesckþIBüayam CaeRK]g

sg,t´esckþIeRtkGr

Rbkb kñúgcMENkdéT bEnæmeT[t

eRtkGr k*minRKbsg,t´nUvPikú¡enaHeLIy Pikú¡enaH EtgRKbsg,t´

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH .

Gb|na EtmYyKt´ rEmgekIt

cMENkÉRBHeyaKavcrNa man

edayesckIþmineRtkGr:n

CaGñkRKb

ehIy> nUvesckþImineRtkGrEdlekItehIy 1ç

TaMgesckþImin

CaGñkRKbsg,t´

cMENkd*eRcIn R:kd ßza RBHeyaKavcrNa dl´nUvQan kñúg

nUvP&y nig esckþIxøac:n

cMENkmYyehIy k*eZVInUvesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb sUm|Ikñúg

Pikú¡enaHBMu:neLIy Pikú¡enaHEtgRKbsg,t´ehIynUvP&y nig esckþI

cMENkdéT bnþeTAeT[t

bfmCÄanTaMgLay edaykiriyarab´nUv

xøacEdlekItehIy 1ç CaGñkGt´Zμt´cMeBaHRtCak´ kMedA ‘1’ .eb.

cMENk rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH> dUcCabfmCÄan

CaGñkGt´Zμt´ cMeBaHKnøgBakü EdleKeBalGaRkk´ÇÇÇ EdlGacnaM

TaMgLay ekIteLIg dl´RBHmløketær dUecñaHÉg .

nUvCIvitecj:n 1ç CaGñk:nQan 4

:n»za elakGñkmanGayuenaH cab´édRBHGPyetær Gñk eBalKm¬IrTIXnikayehIy eBalza ²mñalGP&yd*manGayu bnþ GMBIenH cUrGñker[nnUvbJØaenHmun³ ehIyeBalza ²RBHmløketær CaGñk:n nUvbfmCÄan 32 kñúgcMENk 32 RbsinebIelakcUl nUvQanmYy kñúgevlayb´ QanmYy kñúgevlaézá elaksMercnUv QanenaH mþgeT[t edayknøHénExd*éRkElg RbsinebIelakcUl QanmYy ral´> ézá Elg³ dUecñHÉg .

elakk*sMerc mþgeT[t edayExmYyd*éRk

ÉP&y nig esckþIxøac RKbsg,t´ nUv

cak´ZøúHnUvGPiJ¦a 6 eRBaH

GaRs&ynUvBN(epSg> énekadðas;TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm .

eRBaHehtudUecñaHÉg

Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\a

Kb|ICaGñk

minRbmaT Rbkber]y>nUvkayKtastienH Edl manGanisgSeRcIn dUc:neBalmkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgkayKtasti . v

1- suÇ mÇ

j

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 397 .

v


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Gana:nsti ‘163’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs 2- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gana:nsStienaHNa EdlRBH

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

84

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

:neZVIo

dkdegØImecjxøI ß kaldkdegØIycUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI . 3- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvkay KWdk

eRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLM

degØImecjTaMgBYg

eday ‘tNØa nig ó:Tan’ pg

dwgc|as´nUvkay KWdkdegØImcUlTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImcUl .

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþI

nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGjkMNt´

suxpg EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay CaGkusld*lamk EdlekIteLIg

4- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar KWdk

ehIy> oGnþrZan osáb´rmáab´eTA edayehtud*smKYr³ y¨ag

degØImecj nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUv

dUecñHehIy RTg´sMEdgecj oCakmμdðanmanvtæú 16 y¨agdUecñHza

kaysg¡ar KWdkdegØImcUl nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI2’

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cuHGana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZ(m

5- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvbIti nwgdk

minRcLÚkRcLMeday ‘tNØanigó:Tan’ pg CaZm(CaeRK]genA naM

degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvbIti nwgdkdegØImcUl .

mknUvesckþIsuxpg

EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay

CaGkusld*lamk

EdlekIteLIgehIy>

oGnþrZan

osáb´rmáab´eTA

edayehtud*

smKYr etIdUcemþc .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH enA

kñúgéRBkþI enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI enAkñúgpÞHsáat´kþI Gg<úyEBnEPñn taMg kayoRtg´ p©g´sμartI omanmuxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ .

Pikú¡enaH

manstidkdegØIyecj manstidkdegØImcUl ‘manvtæú 16 KW;’

‘ctuk,;TI1’ 1- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za Gatμa GjdkdegØImecjEvg

ß

kaldkdegØIycUlEvg

GatμaGjdkdegØImcUlEvg .

k*dwgc|as´za

6- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþIsux nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþI sux nwgdkdegØImcUl . 7- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar KWsJ¦a nig evTna nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´

dwgc|as´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl . 8- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj rmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØIm ecj sikSaza GatμaGjrmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI3’ 9- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvcitþ nwgdk


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degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvcitþ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 10- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþorIkray nwgdk degØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray

nwgdk

86

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØIm ‘1’ cUl³ dUecñHÉg . nieTÞs énkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH dl´ehIy tamlMdab´ . EteRBaHnieTÞsenaH kalebIeBaltamlMGanénkar

degØImcUl . 11- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþ otaMgenA kñúg

BN(nanUv:LIhñwgÉg

nwgbribUredayGakar;TaMgBYg

eRBaHehtu

GarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMg

enaH kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH nieTÞsenH KWCanieTÞsmankar

citþotaMgenA kñúgGarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImcUl .

BN(nanUv:LI dl´mun .

12-

Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþ

‘caknIvrNZm(CaedIm’ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkal júaMgcitþorYcRsLH nwgdkdegØImcUl .

13- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNa eXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImcUl . 14- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk

BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImcUl . 15- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 16- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØImecj

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

Rtg´bTTaMgLayenH za

²kzM Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<lcMerInehIy edayRbkardUcemþc³

‘ctuk,;TI4’

R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImecj

‘BRgIkesckþIén:LIBaküsYr’

orYcRsLH

sikSaza GatμaGj Ca

dUecñHCaedImmun . Baküza ²kzM³ CaRBHbucäa edayPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zña cg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar eday RbkarepSg> . Baküza ²Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi³ CaBaküCaeRK]gsMEdgecj nUvZm(EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sYrehIy eRBaHPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zñacg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar edayRbkarepSg> . n&ysUm|IkñúgBakü za ²kzM BhulIketa .eb. vUbsemti³ enH k*dUcn&yenHEdr . bNþbTTaMgenaH bTza ²Pavieta³ KWeZVIoekIteLIgpg o cMerIneLIgpg .

bTza ²Gana:nsStismaZi³ esckþIza smaZi

1- suÇ sMÇ mÇ PaKTI 39 TMB&rTI 27 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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88

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysti EdlkMNt´nUvxül´dkdegØImecj

cMENkkñúgBakünu@Hza ²Gescneka c suexa c vihaera

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl mYyeT[t smaZi kñúgGana:nsSti eQμaH

CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLMpg CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg³

bTza ²BhulIketa³ ERbza eZVIo:n

manGZib|ayza; kiriyaeRsacRsb´ minman dl´Gana:nsSti-

za Gna:nsStismaZi .

smaZienaH eRBaHehtuenaH Gana:nsStismaZienaH eTIbeQμaHza

er]y> .

minmankareRsacRsb´

‘Eksenþa bNIeta’ bTBIrza ²senþa ecv bNIeta c³ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*

KWmin:c´eR:HRBM

minRcLÚkRcLM

Ejk

edayELk minRcbUkRcbl´ç esckþIlÁit kñúgGana:nsStismaZi

ótþmpg . bNÐitKb|IRCab kiriyakMNt´ kñúgbTTaMgBIr eday

enH minmanedaybrikmμ ß edayóbcar;eT

Évs&BÞ . sYrza; BaküdUcemþcEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy .

enH

eqøIyza; RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²EmnBit Gana:nsStismaZi enH

cab´edImGMBIkarRbmUlcitþeZVIkmμdðanCadMbUgmk . cMENkÉGacarü

minEmnCaZm(minlÁitpg

CaZm(minótþmpg

edaybriyayÉNa

CaZm(d*lÁitpg

CaZm(d¾ótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZi

edayPav;rbs´xøÜnEmnBit

BYkxøH eBalza; bTza ²Gescneka³ esckþIza min:c´eR:HRBM

mYy dUcCaGsuPkmμdðan EdlCaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(ótþmpg eday

Carbs´manrsqáaj´ tamsPav;hñwgÉg .

GMNac

minótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZienH CaZm(minmankareRsacRsb´hñwgÉg eTIb

manGarmμN¾d*

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg eRBaHRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:n

énkarcak´ZøúHEtmüa¨g

edayGMNacénGarmμN¾

bu¨EnþCaZm(minlÁitpg

eRBaHGsuPkmμdðanenaH

eRKatRKatpg manGarmμN¾CabdikUlpg dUecñaHeT .

ebItamBit

eTA Gana:nsStismaZi eQμaHza CaZm(lÁit KWCaZm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(rMlt´

eRBaHGana:nsStismaZienaH

CaZm(d*lÁit

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab za

cMeBaH nUvesckþIsuxtampøÚvkay nig esckþIsuxtampøÚvcitþ kñúg xN;Edldl´nUvGb|na . bTza ²ób|nñúb|enñ³ KWEdlminTan´:nsg,t´sg,inehIy> .

GarmμN¾xøH eRBaHCaZm(lÁitedayGg< Edlrab´:nza CabdievZ xøH

bTza ²:bek³ KWd*GaRkk´ . bTBIrza ²Gkusel Zemμ³ KWZ(m

eQμaHza CaZm(d*ótþm KWmineZVIoEqÁt eRBaHGana:nsStismaZinu@H

EdlekItGMBIesckþIminqøat . bTBIrza ²fanesa

CaZm(d*ótþm edayGarmμN¾xøH CaZm(d*ótþm edayGg<xøH³ dUecñH .

KWjúaMgZm(EdlCa:bGkusloGnþrZaneTA KWosáb´rmáab´ eday

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ² ‘Gana:nsSti-

xN;hñwgÉg .

smaZi’ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg³ .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKavcrenaH dl´nUvesckþIcMerIn edayGriymK<

‘EkGescneka’

tamlMdab´ rEmgpþac´bg´ GZib|ayza eZVIosáb´rmáab´ eRBaHPav;én

GnþrZaebti³

bTza ²vUbsemti³ KW ocUleTArmáab´ edaylÁ


visuTÆimK< ERb

89

Gana:nsStismaZienaH CaZm(mancMENkénesckþITMluHTMlay. k*kñúgRBH:LIénBaküsYrenaH manesckþIseg¡bdUcteTAenH

90

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sáat´kþI³ CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn; mansPaBd*sm KYr

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi

énRBHeyaKIPikú¡eenaH .

za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn

eRBaHza citþénPikú¡enH pSayeTAer]y> kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLayman

ehIy

edayviZIdUc

rU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalmanraRtId*Evg minR:zña edIm|IeLIgkan´

emþc :neZVIoeRcInehIy edayRbkar;dUcemþcÇÇÇ eTIbCaZm(d*lÁit

GarmμN¾ KWGana:nsStismaZieT rEmgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusEtmüa¨g

pg .el. osáb´rmáab´ edayehtud*smKYr³ .

dUcrzEdleKTwm edayeKaeK[c EtgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusdUecñaHEdr .

edayRbkar;dUcemþc

edayGakar;dUcemþc

‘Bnül´esckþIén:LIeqøIy’ ‘164’

«LÚvenH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´júaMgesckþI

enaH oBisþar eTIbRtas´nUvBaküza ²«Z Pik¡ev³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘Ek«Zs&BÞ’ kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

²«Z Pik¡ev Pikú¡³ esckþIza

Baküza

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH . eRBaHza «Zs&BÞenH kñúg bTza ²«Z Pik¡ev Pik¡ú³ nu@H CaeRK]gbMePøInUvsasnaEdlCaTIkekIt énbuK<lGñkjúaMgGana:nsStismaZi manRbkarTaMgBYgoekItpg CaeRK]gbdiesZnUvPaBy¨agdUecñaH énsasnadéTpg . smdUc CaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay smN; mankñúg sasnaenHbu¨eNÑaHÉg LaydéT³ ‘1’ dUecñH .

.l.

lTÆidéT

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

Rtas´za ²«msμw sasen Pikú¡

Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH³ dUecñH .

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta BaküenH za ²enAkñúgéRBkþI 1-

suÇ

GMÇ

sUnücaksmN;TaMg

.eb.

n&yTI1’

enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI

PaKTI 43 TMB&rTI 245 .

enAkñúgpÞH

eRBaHehtuenaH nayeKa:l GñkR:zñaedIm|IbgØat´ nUvkUneKaeK[c EdlpwkTwkedaHRss´TaMgGs´ énemeKaeK[c :nZMZat´eLIgehIy bMEbkecjGMBIemeKa daMnUvssrd*ZM kñúgTId*smKYrmYyehIy yk ExScg Rtg´ssrenaH kalebImanRbkardUecñaH kUneKa énnay eKa:lenaH k*minGacedIm|InwgerIbRgH eTAxagenHpg xagnu@Hpg ehIyrt´eKceTA:neLIy Kb|IQrRCb´ ß edkRCb´enARtg´ssr ZMenaHÉg manóbmay¨agNamij sUm|IPikú¡enHÉg R:zñaedIm|Inwg TUnμancitþd*kac EdlcMerInedaykarpwknUvrsénGarmμN¾ manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalénraRtId*Evg k*Kb|InaMecjGMBIGarmμN¾man rU:rmμN¾CaedImehIycUleTAkan´éRBkþI .l. kan´pÞHsáat´kþIehIy cg Rtg´ssr KWxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlenaH edayExSKWsti kalebIcg:ndUecñaH citþ énPikú¡enaH sUm|IsÞúHeTA xagenHpg xagnu@Hpg k*min:nnUvGarmμN¾EdlxøÜnsnSMehIy kñúg kalmun minGacedIm|Inwgkat´pþac´ExSKWsti ehIyrt´eKc:neLIy k*rEmgEGbenARCb´ nig edkenARCb´Cab´nwgGarmμN¾enaHÉg eday GMNacénóbcar; nig Gb|na k*manóbemyüy¨agenaHÉg .


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92

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbe:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH

eTIbRTg´Rtas´za

²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

nr; kalbgØat´nUvkUneKa Kb|Icg ‘va’ Rtg´ssr

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta

y¨agNamij Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH Kb|IcgnUvcitþ

.eb.

n&yTI3’

EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK eRb[bdUcCaGacarü GñkecHnUvPUmi-

rbs´xøÜn o:nmaMkñúgGarmμN¾ edaysti k*y¨ag

sa®sþ . GacarüGñkecHnUvPUmisa®sþenaH eXIjnUvTIénnKrehIy

dUecñaHEdr .

BicarNa edayRbéBehIy cgÁúlR:b´za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaysag

esnasn;enaH CaTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´Pavna énRBH

nUvnKr kñúgTIenH³ dUecñH luHdl´nKr:nseRmc edaysYsþIehIy

eyaKIenaH y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úM eBalhIyza

k*:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcIn GMBIraCRtkUl y¨agNamij

²BaküenH CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr dl´kar

PaKGg<enaH RTg´BicarNanUvTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´RBHeyaKa-

cMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi énRBHeyaKavcrenaH³ .

vcr ehIyRTg´cgÁúlR:b´za ²RBHeyaKI Kb|IRbkbkmμdðaner]y>

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta n&ymYyeT[t

.eb.

n&yTI2’

kñúgTIesnasn;enH³

tGMBIenaHeTA

kalebIRBHGrhtþpl

Ca

EdlRBHeyaKIGñkRbkbkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIenaH :nseRmcehIy

kMBUl kñúgRbePTénkmμdðan CabTdðan énkiriya:nnUvKuNviess

edaylMdab´ rEmgRTg´:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcInza ²RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

nigkiriyaenACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ énRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig sav&k

enaH CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ BitR:kdEmn³ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . cMENk

énRBHBuTÆRKb´RBHGg<

Pikú¡enH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²R:kdesμIedayxøadMbg³ .

edIm|IminlHbg´

eRBaHehtuza Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH

dUecñH

RBHmanRBH

KWRBHeyaKavcr

minEmneZVI:nedaygay

nUvesnasn;TIbMputénRsuk

Edlvwkvr

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCabGZib|ayza ²dUcCaesþcxøadMbgd*ZM BYnEGbehIy

sMeLg én®sþI burs dMrI nig esHCaedIm ehIycMerIn:neT eRBaH

nUvs|atesμAkþI s|atéRBkþI s|atPñMkþI kñúgéRB ehIycab´RmwKTaMg

PaBénQanmansMeLgCabnøa

Lay manRkbIéRB rmaMg nig RCUkéRBCaedIm y¨agNamij

EtzakñúgTIminEmnRsuk

KWkñúgéRB

Pikú¡

RBHeyaKavcr eZVI:nedaygay edIm|Ikan´yknUvkmμdðanenH ehIy

GñkRbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIesnasn;d*smKYrTaMgLay man

júaMgGana:nctutæCÄan oekIteLIg ehIyeZVIQanenaHÉg oCa

éRBCaedImenH

eCIg BicarNanUvsg¡arTaMgLay ehIyseRmc nUvRBHGrhtþ Ca

KamimK< nig GrhtþmK<pg nig nUvGriyplpg tamsmKYrtam

pld*kMBUl

lMdab´ y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´sMEdg

rEmgcab´yknUvesatabtþimK< skTaKamimK< Gna

eRBaHehtuenaH e:raNacarü eBalza


visuTÆimK< ERb

ZmμtaxøadMbg

BYnsmáMehIy

Lay y¨agNamij

93

cab´yknUvRmwKTaMg

Pikú¡enH CabuRtRBHBuTÆ Gñk

manesckþIBüayamRbkbehIy CaGñkeXIjc|as´ cUleTAkan´éRBehIy Etgcab´yk nUvpld*ótþm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . ‘165’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgnUv

TIesnasn;kñúgéRB

EdlCakEnøgRbkbesckþIBüayam

énbuK<l

GñkmanBüayam nig GñkmanesckþIsÞúHsÞar dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘EkGtæbTepSg>én:LIBaküeqøIy’ bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²GrJ¦Keta³ esckþIza; Pikú¡ eTA kan´éRBNamYy EdlmanesckþIsux ekItGMBIvievk bNþaéRBTaMg Lay manlk¡N;EdlelakeBalmkehIy y¨agenHza ²eQμaH za éRB :ndl´éRBTaMgGs´enaH ecjeTAxageRkAGMBIssreKal³ dUecñHkþI za ²esnasn; mankñúgTIbMput RbEvg 500 CYrZñÚ eQμaHza esnasn; taMgenAkñúgéRB³ dUecñHkþI . bTza ²ruk¡mUlKeta³ KWPikú¡ eTAkan´TICiténKl´eQI . bTza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ KWeTAkan´Okas EdlsUnü KWOkasEdlsáat´ .

k*kñúg:LIza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³

enH elIkTuknUvéRB nig Kl´eQIecj Pikú¡sUm|IeTAkan´esnasn; d*ess man 7 Rbkar . kareBalza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ k*KYr . RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´cgÁúlR:b´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

94

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti d*smKYrdl´rdUvpg d*smKYr dl´ Zatu nig criyapg y¨agenHehIy RTg´sMEdgR:b´nUv«riyabz d* sáb´

EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgBYk

énkarminrujra

nig

karminGENþt

GNþÚg dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²nisITti Gg<úy³ dUecñH . kñúglMdab´enaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvPaBén karGg<úynwgZwgpg nUvPaBénkarRbRBwtþieTARsYl énxül´dkdegØIm ecj nigxül´dkdegØImcUl nig nUvó:yeRK]gkMNt´ nUvGarmμN¾ pg eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²bløg,M GaPuCitVa EBnEPñn³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²bløg,M³ KWGg<úybt´nUvePøA eday CMuvij . bTza ²GaPuCitVa³ KWbt´cUlehIy . eRcInbTza ²óCMu

kayM bNiZay³ esckþIza; taMgsrIr;xagelIoRtg´ehIy júaMg cug edaycug oer[bry Rtg´RTnugénxñg 18 . eRBaHza kalebI RBHeyaKI Gg<úyy¨agenH Es|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLay nwg minRbywtcuH

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

evTnaTaMgLayNa

Kb|I

ekIteLIg ral´> xN; eRBaHkarRbywtcuH énEs|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLayenaHCabc©&y

evTnaTaMgLayenaH

rEmgminekIt

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH kalebIevTnaTaMgLayenaH minekIteLIg citþ k*CaZmμCatmanGarmμN¾EtmYy kmμdðan minezøaHeZøay cUl dl´esckþIcMerIn esckþIlUtlas´ . eRcInbTza ²brimuxM stw

óbdðebtVa³ ERbza taMgsti omanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´kmμdðan . n&y mYyeT[t Rtg´bTza ²brimuxM stw³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI GZib|ay

tamn&yEdlRBHsarIbuRt

eBalehIy

kñúgbdismÖiTa


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96

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

y¨agenHza; Rtg´Baküza ²bri³ manGtæza kMNt´ Rtg´Baküza

maM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaN

²muxM³ manGtæza Zm(CaeRK]gnaMecj Rtg´bTza ²sti³ manGtæ

enaH .l. kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

za RbugRby&tñ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²taMgstioman

mYy minraymay edayGMNacéndegØImecj sRmab´GñkBicar-

muxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Na

enHKWCaesckþIseg¡b kñúg

eXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecjcakkiels

edayGMNac

bdismÖiTaenaH za ²RBHeyaKI eZVIsti omankarnaMecj cakZ(m

éndegØImcUl sRmab´GñkBicarNaeXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecj

EdlCasRtUv EdlxøÜnkMNt´ehIy³ dUecñH .

cakkiels sti k*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaNenaH³ dUecñH .

‘setakarI’ Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH mansti dkdegØImecj³ esckþIza Pikú¡ enaH

Gg<úyy¨agenHehIy

minlHbg´nUvstienaH

nig

tMkl´stiy¨agenHehIy

kal

eQμaHza mansμartI dkdegØImecjhñwgÉg

mansμartI dkdegØImcUl .

GZib|ayza Pikú¡GñkeZVInUvsti .

‘Eks&BÞGsSasbsSas;’ bNþa:LITaMgenaH :LIza ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ KWjúaMg xül´dkdegØImecjEvg oRbRBwtþeTAkþI .

kñúgGdðkzaRBHvin&y k*

elakeBalza ²xül´ecjeTAxageRkA eQμaHza GsSas; xül´

«LÚvenH RBHeyaKIPikú¡ CaGñkeZVInUvsti edayGakar;TaMg

cUleTAxagkñúg eQμaHza bsSas;³ . EtkñúgGdðkzaRBHsURtTaMg

LayNa edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvGakar;TaMgLayenaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

Lay mkehIypÞúyKña ‘nwgGdðkzaRBHvin&y’ . bNþaxül´TaMgBIr

za ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . EmnBit kñúgbdismÖiTa

enaH kñúgeBlEdlstVTaMgLayTaMgBYg GñkedkenAkñúgKP( ecj

kñúgviPg<én:LIenaHÉgza ²Pikú¡enaH mansμartI dkdegØImecj man

mkGMBIépÞénmata xül´BÆd*xagkñúg ecjmkxageRkA muneK xül´

sμartIdkdegØImcUl³ k*elakeBalBaküenH za ²RBHeyaKI CaGñk

xageRkA naMyknUvZUlId*lÁit cUleTAxagkñúg CaxageRkay luH

eZVIsti edayGakar; 32 KWkalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaB éncitþ

dl´RkGUmmat´ k*rlt´eTA . bNÐitKb|IRCabxül´dkdegØImecj

manGarmμN¾EtmYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImecjEvg

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl y¨agdUecñH mun .

stik*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH eday

cMENkPaBEvg nig xøI énxül´TaMg 2 enaHÉNa PaBEvg

jaNenaH kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´ nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

nig xøI enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénGTÆan; ‘ry;eBl’ .

mYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImcUlEvg sti k*tm,l´enA

eRb[bdUcCa Twk ß dIxSac´ EdlpSayeTA rhUtGTÆan; KWOkas

1-

‘Evg ß xøI’ ehIyfitenA

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 119-120 .

elakehAza TwkEvg

dIxSac´Evg TwkxøI


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98

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dIxSac´xøI y¨agNamij xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl

mYy .

dUcCaelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa za ; sYrza ²Pikú¡

sUm|IEdllÁity¨agéRkElg júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ Evg kñúg

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

ragkayéndMrI nig kñúgragkayénBs´ eBalKWGtþPaB éndMrI nig

kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlEvg

Bs´TaMgBIrenaH oeBjCasnSwm> ehIyecjeTA k*snSwm> Edr

etIdUcemþc³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza xül´dkdegØIm ‘éndMrI nig Bs´’

eqøIyza ² ‘1’ Pikú¡ dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvg kñúgcMENk

Evg . xül´enaH júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ xøI eBalKWGtþPaB én

énkalEvg ‘2’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvg kñúgcMENk énkalEvg

stVTaMgLay manEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm oeBj y¨agqab´rh&s

‘3’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUlEvg kñúg

ehIyecjmk k*qab´rh&spgEdr eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

cMENkénkalEvg .

za xül´dkdegØIm ‘énEqÁ nig TnSay’ xøI . edayGMNacénGTÆan;KWkal

cMENkkñúgBYkmnusS

mnusSTaMgLayxøH

dkdegØImecj

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI

dkcUlkþI

nUvdegØImecj ß degØIm

cUlEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg ‘eRcIndg’ qnÞ; ‘cMNg´kñúgGVImYy’

nig dkdegØImcUlEvg dUcCastVTaMgLay mandMrI nig Bs´CaedIm

rEmgekIteLIg

mnusSBYkxøH dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUlxøI dUcCastVtUc>

CagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘5’ dkcUl

TaMgLaymanEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH xül´dkdegØIm

nUvdegØImcUlEvg

énmnusSTaMgLaynu@H kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlEvg

edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘6’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß

k*Kb|IRCabza Evgç kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlxøI k*

degØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Kb|IRCabza xøI edayGMNacénkal k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacénqnÞ; .

‘Gana:nsStiCakayanubsSnastibdðan’ kñúgkiriyadkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl Evg nig xøIenaH

‘4’ Pikú¡dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitéRkElg

d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

kñúgcMENkénkalEvg

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl Evgd*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ;

Pikú¡enH kaldkdegØImecj nig kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´

‘eRcIndg’ :muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ rEmgekIteLIg

za ²GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUlEvg³ edayGakar;TaMg

ecjnUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Lay 9 . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´y¨agenH bNÐitKb|IRCab

GMNacén:muC¢; ‘8’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCag

za ²karcMerInkayanubsSnastibdðan rEmgseRmc edayGakar;

enaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘9’ dkecjkþI

‘7’ Pikú¡ dk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ßdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENk

eRBaHehtuenaH

énkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ .

BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkay kñúgkay³ dUecñH .

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl

eTIbelakeBalza

karcMerInstibdðan

KWkar

Pikú¡enH kaldwgc|as´ nUvdegØImecj nig degØImcUl eday

Evg d*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNac én

Gakar;TaMgLay

esckþIrIkray ‘eRcIndg’ citþ k*XøatecjGMBIdegØImecj ß degØIm

GMNacénkalxøI y¨agdUecñH bNÐtiKb|IRCabza ²Pikú¡enaH eQμaHza

cUlEvg óebk¡a k*taMgenAs)b´ .

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

enH kayKWdegØImecj nig degØImcUlEvg edayGakar; 9 y¨ag EdleQμaHza óbdðan sti

eQμaHza GnubsSnajaN

Rtg´cugRcmuH énPikú¡enaHÉg .

‘EksBVkayb|disMevTI’

KWkarBicarNaeXIj nUvkay kñúgkay’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´degØImecjEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg³ Edlelak:neBal ehIy kñúgbTKWxül´degØImEvgnu@H y¨agNamij kñúgbTKWxül´degØIm xøIenH mkehIyza ²rsSM GsSasM «tþrsg¡aet GsSsti Pikú¡dk ecj nUvdegØImecjxøI kñúgcMENkénkalxøI³ k*y¨agenaHEdr eRBaH ehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRbkbBakü edayGMNacénrsSs&BÞ rhUt dl´Bakü za ²etn vuc©ti kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 121 .

eday

xül´degØImcUl k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

‘karcMerInstibdðan

Baküza ²TIXM GsSasM GTÆansg¡aet

nig

xül´ 4 y¨ag KWxül´degØImecjEvg nig xøI sUm|I

stienaHpg edayjaNenaHpg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

enH CaesckþIEbøkKña .

edayGMNacénkalEvg

dUecñHÉg . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ y¨agdUecñH

óbdðanpg eQμaHzastipg Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH eday

n&ysUm|IkñúgbTKWxül´degØImxøI k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . bu¨Enþ

enH

ß kaldkdegØImcUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI³

kay eQμaHza óbdðan minEmneQμaHza sti eT sti eQμaHza

za ²kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna

9

‘166’

Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwg

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg eTIbdkdegØImecjÇÇÇ dkdegØImcUl³ enaH

KWPikú¡enaH sikSaza ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal

nig cug énkay KWdegØImecjTaMgGs´ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg KWeZVI ‘degØImenaH’ o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImecj³ . sikSa za ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal nig cug énkay KW degØImcUlTaMgGs´

oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ . enaH’ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

KWeZVI

‘degØImenaH’

Pikú¡enaHkaleZVI ‘degØIm

KWeZVIo:nR:kdc|as´ y¨agenH


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102

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*eQμaHza dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl edaycitþEdlRbkb

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvsik¡aTaMg 3 enaH dUceBalmkehIyenH kñúg

RBmedayjaN . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²Pikú¡enaH

GarmμN¾enaH edaystienaH edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþenaH³ dUecñH .

sikSaza GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgctuk,;TI1 enaH kñúgn&ymun RBHeyaKIKb|IdkdegØImecj

EmnBit sRmab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagedIm kñúgkay KWdegØImecj

dkdegØImcUl Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH nig minKYreZVIkic©GVI> eT Etza cab´

kþI kñúgkay KWdegØImcUlkþI EdlsÞúHeTAy¨aglÁit rEmgR:kd Rtg´

edImGMBIenHeTA Kb|IeZIVesckþIBüayam kñúgGakar;TaMgLay man

kNþal nig xagcug minR:kdeT .

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´Etxül´

karjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH

xagedImbu¨eNÑaH EtglM:k Rtg´xül´kNþalnigxagcug . sMrab´

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´:LI edayGMNac

Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd Rtg´kNþal bu¨EnþxagedIm nig cug minR:kd .

énbc©úb|nñkal za GsSsamIti bCanati bsSsamIti bCanati

sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagcug R:kd bu¨Enþ xagedIm nig kNþal min

Pikú¡dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´ nUvxül´xagcugEtbu¨eNÑaH Etg

dkdegØImcUl dUecñH kñúgn&ymunenaH ehIyeTIbRTg´elIkyk:LI

lM:k Rtg´xül´xagedIm nig kNþal . sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd

mk edayGMNacénBaküCaGnaKtkal edayn&ymanCaedIm za

RKb´xül´TaMgGs´ Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´:nTaMgGs´ minlM:k Rtg´

sBVkayb|disMevTI GsSsisSami

xül´NamYyeLIy .

RBHd*manRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgza ²RBH

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImecj dUecñH edIm|IsMEdg

eyaKI Kb|ICaGñkR:kddUecñaH³ eTIbRTg´Rtas´ za ²Pikú¡ sikSaza

nUvGakar;mankarjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm EdlKb|IeZVI cab´

GatμaGj

edImGMBIn&ymunenHeTA³ dUecñHÉg .

R:kdeT .

CaGñkkMNt´dwgnUvkay

degØImecj .l.

KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg

eTIbdk

eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

GatμaGj CaGñkkMNt´dwg

‘EkbsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²sikSa³ KW RbwgERbg Büayam

Baküza ²Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

y¨agenH . müa¨geT[t esckþIGZib|ay kñúgbTenH bNÐitKb|I

eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ enaH KWPikú¡sikSaza

RCabza ²esckþIsRgYmÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kddUecñaH esckþIsRgYm

²GatμaGj kalrmáab´ Bnøt´ rMlt´ b®g,abkaysg¡ar ‘BYkxül´

enH CaGZisIlsik¡a kúñgbTenH smaZiÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:ddUecñaH

degØImEvgxøIEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay’ EdleRKatRKat eTIbdkdegØIm

smaZienH CaGZicitþsik¡a kñúgbTenH

ecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñH .

bJ¦aÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kd

dUecñaH bJ¦aenH CaGZibJ¦asik¡a kñúgbTenH Pikú¡sikSa KW esB

kñúger]genH PaBeRKatRKat nig PaBlÁitkþI

esckþIsáb´kþI


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; k*kay nig citþ rbs´Pikú¡enH kñúg

sYrza ²dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHesckþIBitza

kalmun

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ karrMBwg

eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´

‘nUvGana:nsStikmμdðan

enaH’ Cakaycitþ manesckþIRkvl´Rkvay eRKatRKat .

kalebI

Kit karRbmUlcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ karBicarNa za ²GatμaGj

sUm|Ixül´dk

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar EdleRKatRKat>³ dUecñH minman dl´Pikú¡enaH

degØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl k*eRKatRKat RbRBwtþeTA man

EtkñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ ehIy eTIbman eRBaH

kMLaMgxøaMgkøa RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ Qr dkdegØImecjxøH dkdegØIm

ehtuenaH

cUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa TaMgkay TaMgcitþ rbs´Pikú¡enaH

kmμdðan’ ehIy rEmglÁitCageBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ehIy .

KWxøÜn:nkMNt´ehIy kñúgeBlenaH kay nig citþenaH k*CaZmμCat

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCae:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

PaBeRKatRKat énkay nig citþ minTan´sáb´rmáab´

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . kalebIkay nig citþTaMgenaH sáb´rmáab´ehIy xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl Caxül´d*lÁit rEmg RbRBwtþeTA Caxül´dl´nUvGakar; EdlKYrBicarNaza ²man ß min manhñ@/³ . dUcCaxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl én buK<lEdlrt´cuHmkGMBIPñM ß Tmøak´Par;d*Zán´ecjGMBIk|al ehIy Qr Caxül´eRKatRKat RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ k*Qr dkdegØImecj

kaysg¡ar

énPikú¡enaH

kñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUv

k*kalebIkay nig citþ Rkvl´RkvayehIy kaysg¡ar

k*rEmgRbRBwtþeTAeRKatRKatEdr

kalebI

kay nig citþ minRkvl´RkvalehIy kaysg¡ar rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨aglÁit .

‘n&ypøÚvsmz;’

xøH dkdegØImcUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa buK<lenaH benÞa

sUm|IkúñgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar k*rab´

bg´ nUvesckþIen]yht´enaHehIy gUtTwk nig pwkTwkehIy dak´

za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan eTIblÁit sUm|Ikñúg

sMBt´TTwkelIebHdUg ehIyedkenAeRkammøb´d*RtCak´ kñúgeBlenaH

óbcar; énbfmCÄanenaH k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgbfmCÄan

xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaH

eTIblÁit kñúgbfmCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énTutiyCÄan k*rab´za enA

Caxül´d*lÁit dl´nUvGakar; KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@/³

eRKatRKat kñúgTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit kñúgTutiyCÄan nig kñúgób-

dUecñH y¨agNamij

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUv

car;énttiyCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgttiyCÄan eTIblÁit

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenaH’ kay nig citþ énPikú¡enH .l. Cakay

kúñgttiyCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat

dl´nUvGakar;KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

kñúgctutæCÄan lÁitéRkElg dl´nUvkarRbRBwtþieTAmin:nEmnBit³ .


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

BaküEdl:neBalmkenH Camti énRBHTIXPaNk; ‘GñkeBal

kiriyakMNt´nUvGrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvGrUb

Km¬IrTIXnikay’ nig RBHsMyutþPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþ-

enaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´

nikay’ . EtRBHmCÄimPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrmCÄimnikay’ TaMg

nUvrUb nig GrUb eTIblÁit

Lay EtgR:zña sUm|Ikñúgóbcar; énQanzñak´x¬s´> za lÁitéRk

GrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriya

ElgCagQanzñak´eRkam> y¨agenHza ²kñúgbfmCÄan kaysg¡ar

kMNt´ nUvbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvbc©&y

rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit³ dUecñH .

enaHesat k*rab´za enARKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

bu¨EnþebItammti

nUvnamrUb RBmTaMgbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

énGacarüTaMgLayTaMgBYghñwgÉg

:nesckþIza

kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUb nig

²kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalEdlmin:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’

nUvnamrUb

rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSnaEdlman‘éRt’lk¡N¾CaGarmμN¾eTIblÁit.

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSna EdlmankMLaMgexSay k*rab´za enAeRKat

kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUvkmμdðan’

rEmgsáb´

rmáab´ kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan .l. kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgctutæCÄan³ .

enH Ca

n&y kñúgsmz; mun .

k*rab´za

enAeRKatRKart

.

RKat kñúugvibsSna EdlmankMLaMg eTIblÁit . kñúgvibsSnaenaH esckþIrmaáb´ énkaysg¡ar Edlmankñúg mun> edaykaysg¡ar Edlmanxagcug> bNÐitKb|IRCab tam

‘n&ypøÚvvibsSna’ ‘167’

RBmTaMgbc©&yenaHesat

cMENkkñúgvibsSna

kaysg¡ar

n&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg . EdlRbRBwtþeTA

esckþIeRKatRKat nig esckþIlÁitkþI nig esckþIsáb´rmáab´kþI

ehIy kñúgkiriyakMNt´ k*enAeRKatRKat kñúgkiriyakMNt´nUvmha-

bNÐitKb|IRCab kñúgbTenaH za ²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM GsS-

PUtrUb eTIblÁit sUm|Ikaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkiriyakMNt´

sisSami bsSsisSami³ dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

nUvmhaPUtrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg karkMNt´nUvó:TayrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUv ó:TayrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg kiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUl eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUlenaHesat k*rab´zaenAeRKatRKat .

kaysg¡ar kñúg

‘GtæaZib|aykñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ cMENkkñúgbdismÖiTa

elakeBalesckþIenH

énBaküza

²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM³ dUecñHenH mYyGenøIedaykarecaT nig kar eqøIy y¨agdUecñHza ²sYrza; Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUv kaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl etIdUcemþc


visuTÆimK< ERb kaysg¡ar etIdUcemþc / ³ . RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgkay

107

eqøIyza ²Zm(TaMgLayenH Edl

KWxül´degØImecj

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdk

xül´degØImcUlEvg

degØImcUl edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd

EdlCaZm(Cab´edaykay eQμaHza kaysg¡ar . Pikú¡ kaljúaMg

énkar:nnUvxül´k*man karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´

kaysg¡arTaMgLayenaHormáab´ KWzaorMlt´ osáb´rmáab´ eQμaH

degØImcUlk*man karR:kd énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kd

za sikSaza

énGana:nsStismaZik*man

.l.

nig

108

‘KW’ sikSaza karOn kargak karTeRmt

BYkbNÐit

eTIbcUlkan´smabtþi

karQm karrJ¢Üy karGnÞHsa karkeRmIk karjab´j&r Na én

enaHpg ecjcaksmabtþienaHpg dMeNIrenaHeRb[bdUcCaGVI eRb[b

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

dUcCarKaMgEdleKeKaH sMeLgeRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTACadMbUg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

eTIbdkdegØImecj

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImcUl

énsMeLg d*eRKatRKat kalebIsMeLgd*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

sikSaza karminOn karmingak karminTeRmt karminQm kar

bnÞb´mk sMeLgd*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CaxageRkay eRBaHbuK<l

minrJ¢Üy karminGnÞHsa karminkeRmIk karminjab´j&r Na én

kan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ énsMeLg

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

d*lÁit kalebIsMeLgd*lÁit rlt´ehIy bnÞab´mk citþ k*rEmg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

RbRBwtþeTA

mansPaBy¨agenaH

d*lÁitsuxum

mansPaBy¨agenaH

eTIb

dkdegØImecj eTIbdkdegØImcUl .

GarmμN¾

CaxageRkay

eRBaHcitþmannimitþ

manóbmadUcemþcmij

énsMeLgd*lÁitCa

manóbemyüdUcCaxül´degØIm

:n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl d*eRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CadMbUg

eTIbdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

eTIbdkdegØImcUl

kalebIy¨agenH

énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*eRKatRKat kalebIxül´

karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´ minTan´man karR:kd éndegØImecj

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy bnÞb´mk

nig cUl k*minTan´man karR:kd énGana:nsSti k*minTan´man

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA Caxag

TaMgkarR:kd énGana:nsStismaZi k*minTan´maneT bNÐitTaMg

eRkay eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ

Lay rEmgmincUlkan´smabtþienaHpg minecjcaksmabtþienaH

nUvnimitþ

pg :n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIb

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit

edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy

énxül´degØImecj

nig

xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rlt´ehIy

kalebI bnÞab´mk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

citþ k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymay kñúgkalCaxageRkay eRBaHcitþ

GaTikmμikkulbuRt GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkmμdðanenH ehIyseRmc

yknimitþ énxül´degØImecj nig degØImcUl d*lÁitCaGarmμN¾ k*

nUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay edayvibsSna Edl

y¨agenaHEdr kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´k*man

manGana:nsStictutæCÄan CabTdðan Kb|IeZVInUvkic©TaMgBYg TaMg

karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUlk*man karR:kd

Lay mankarCRmHnUvsIl tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kdénGana:nsStismaZik*man

kalmunhñwgÉg ehIyer[nyknUvkmμdðan EdlmansnÆi ‘tMN’ 5

bNÐitTaMgLay

kñúgsMNak´ énGacarümanRbkar;EdleyIgeBalehIy .

rEmgcUlkan´smabtþienaHpg

rEmgecjcak

smabtþienaHpg kayKWxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl rbs´ Pikú¡kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eQμaHzaóbdðan sti eQμaHzaGnu-

‘bJ©snÆi’ enH CatMN 5 kñúgGana:nsStienaH

KW; kiriyaer[nyk

bsSnajaN kay eQμaHzaóbdðan mineQμaHzastieT cMENk

kiriyasaksYr kiriyaR:kd kiriyasMerc kiriyakMNt´ . kñúgsnÆi

xagsti

rEmg

5 y¨agenaH karer[nyknUvkmμdðan eQμaHza óK<h; . karsak

BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH edaystienaH edayjaNenaH eRBaH

sYrnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza bribucäna . karR:kdc|as´ énkmμdðan

ehtuenaH elakeBalza karBicarNaeXIjnUvkaykñúgkay KWkar

eQμaHza óbdðan; . karsMercnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza Gb|na . kar

cMerInnUvstib|dðan ‘1’ ³ .

kMNt´nUvkmμdðan GZib|ayza ; karRTRTg´TuknUvsPav; énkmμdðan

eTIbeQμaHza

óbdðanpg

eQμaHzastipg

Pikú¡

enHCakarBN(nabTtamlMdab´énctuk,;TI1 EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacénkayanubsSna kñúgGana:nsStienaH CadMbUg .

za ²kmμdðanenH manlk¡N;y¨agenH³ dUecñH eQμaHza lk¡N; . RBHeyaKIkaler[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenH minlM:kedayxøÜnÉgpg TaMgmineb[teb[nGacarüpg eRBaHehtu

‘viZIhVwkhat´eZVI’ ‘168’ k*eRBaHzakñúgctuk,;TaMg 4 enaH ctuk,;enHÉg KWRBH

enaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgGacarü osMEdgbnþicehIy sVaZüay

énGaTikmμikeyaKI

Gs´kaleRcIn er[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenHehIy

cMENkctuk,;TaMgLay 3 eRkAenH RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

enAkñúgsMNak´énGacarük*:n kñúgTIesnasn;déT manRbkar;dUc

GMNac énevTnanubsSna citþanubsSna nig ZmμanubsSna én

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunk*:n manblieBaZtUc>pþac´bg´ehIy

RBHeyaKI Gñk:nnUvQanehIy kñúgbfmCÄanenH eRBaHehtuenaH

manP&tþkic©eZVIehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyoRsYl

manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

edayGMNacénkmμdðan

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 145 .

eZVIcitþorIkray edaykiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNRBHrtnéRtehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kMuoePøcPøaMgsUm|IbTmYy GMBIkarer[nGMBIGacarü Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

Kb|IsMEdgkarrab´ dac´Rtg´cenøaH . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJÄb´

nUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenH .

xageRkam cMnYn 5 citþúb|aT rEmgjab´j&r kñúgOkasd*cegÁ{t dUc

‘viZImnsikar’

CahVÚgeKa

‘169’ enHCaviZImnsikar kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH KW;

EdlnayeKa:lXaMgTukehIy

kñúgeRkald*cergÁ{t

jab´j&rdUecñaH . kalRBHeyaKInaMeTA xagelI cMnYn 10 citþúb|aT

1- KNna

karrab´ç

rEmgGaRs&yenAEtnwgkarrab´hñwgÉg . kalebIRBHeyaKI sMEdg

2- GnuBnÆna

karcgeRk[kç

karrab´dac´ kñúgcenøaH citþ rEmgkeRmIkjab´j&r za ²kmμdðan rbs´

3- pusna 4- fbna

7- :risuTÆi

RBHeyaKI Kb|Iev[r nUveTasTaMgLayenHehIy rab´cuH .

kartMkl´nUvcitþç

5- sløk¡Na 6- vivdþna

GatμaGj dl´TIbMput ßhñ@ ß minTan´dl´TIbMput³ eRBaHehtuenaH

karBal´RtUvç

‘karrab´yWt>’

karkMNt´Cak´ç

k*GaTikmμikkulbuRt kalrab´ Kb|Irab´ edayviZIrab´yWt>

karpøas´bþÚrç

KWrab´dUcCabuK<lGñkval´RsUv CadMbUg . EmnBit buK<lGñkval´

esckþIbrisuTÆiç

8- etsJ© bdibsSna nig R:C\aeXIjnUvmK< nig plTaMgenaH. kñúgbTTaMgenaH karrab´hñwgÉg eQμaHza KNna . karnaM mktamlMdab´ eQμaHza GnuBnÆna . TIEdlBal´RtUv eQμaHza pusna . karsMerc eQμaHza fbna . kareXIjc|as´ eQμaHza sløk¡Na . mK< eQμaHza vivdþna . pl eQμaHza :risuTÆi . karBicarNaeXIjc|as´ eQμaHza karBicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvmK< nig plTaMgLayenaH .

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH

kñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH edaykarrab´ Camun . bJÄb´ xageRkam cMnYn 5

kalbMeBjmþgeT[t eXIjnUvsMramNamYy k*ecalnUvsMramenaH ehIyeBalza ²mYy mYy³ dUecñH .

kúñgkarrab´TaMgLay mankar

rab´za ²BIr BIr³ dUecñH k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEd y¨agNamij

sUm|I

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH k*Kb|Ikan´yknUvxül´degØImecj nig xül´ degØImcUlEdlR:kd ehIykMNt´nUvxül´ EdlRbRBwtþeTAer]y> enaHÉg ehIyrab´ cab´edImtaMgBI ²mYy mYy³ rhUteTAdl´ ²db´ db´³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘KNna viZIrab´’ kñúgmnsikarviZITaMgenaH

RsUv júaMgnaLi oeBjehIy eBalza ²mYy³ ehIyk*cak´ZarcuH

Kb|IeZVITuk

k*kalrab´ minKb|I

minKb|InaMeTA xagelI

cMnYn 10 min

‘viZIrab´rh&s’ kalGaTikmμikkulbuRtenaH

rab´y¨agenH

xül´degØImecj

nig xül´degØImcUl EdlkMBugecj nig kMBugcUl rEmgR:kd .


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IlHbg´ nUvkarrab´yWt KWkarrab´dUc

eRBaHza kñúgkmμdðan EdlCab´Tak´Tg edaykarrab´ citþ CaZmμCat

CabuK<lGñkval´RsUvenaH ehIyrab´ edaykarrab´y¨agel]n KWrab´

manGarmμN¾EtmYy edaykMLaMg énkarrab´hñwgÉg dUcCakarct

dUcCanayeKa:l . EmnBit nayeKa:lEdlqøat dak´nUvRkYs

nUvTUkkñúgExSTwkd*kMNac edayGMNacénkarTb´edayezñal y¨ag

TaMgLay nwgzñk´ manExS nig dMbg kñúgéd edIreTAkan´eRkal taMg

dUecñaHÉg

BIRBlwmRsag eKaHeKaTaMgLay Rtg´xñg Gg<úy elIcugénssr

rEmgR:kd dUcCaRbRBwtþeTAehIy minmancenøaH . bnÞab´mk RBH

Ek|reRkal pÞat´eTAehIy> nUvRkYs ehIyrab´nUvemeKa Edldl´

eyaKIenaH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanrEmgRbRBwtþeTAminmancenøaH³ dUecñH

ehIy> nUvTVarhñwgÉg ehIyrab´za ²mYy BIr³ dUecñH .

hVÚgeKa

ehIy kMukan´yknUvxül´xagkñúg nig xül´xageRkA ehIyrab´eday

EdlenAy¨aglM:k kñúgOkasEdlcegÁ{t Gs´raRtI manyam 3

rh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunhñwgÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJ¢Ún

kalecjmk

ecjeTA

citþeTA CamYynwgxül´EdlcUleTA xagkñúg citþ eRb[bdUcCaRtUv

edayrh&s . nayeKa:lenaH k*rab´ edayrh&s> za ²bI bYn

xül´bk´e:kehIy nig dUcCaeBjehIy edayxøaj´xab´ BÆd*xag

R:MÇÇÇ db´³ dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKIenH rab´ tamn&ymun y¨agenH

kñúg . kalRBHeyaKI naMcitþecjmk CamYynwgxül´ Edlecj

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl CasPav;R:kd sJ©reTA

mkxageRkA citþ rEmgraymay kñúgGarmμN¾EdlRkas´ BÆd*xag

er]y> y¨agel]n> . bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenaHKb|Idwgza ²xül´

eRkA . luHdl´RBHeyaKI tm,l´nUvsti kúñgOkasEdlxül´Bal´

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl EtgsJ©reTAer]y>³ dUecñHehIy

RtUvehIycMerInhñwgÉg eTIbPavna seRmc .

minkan´yk nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA

m©as´eBalza ²RBHeyaKI kMukan´yknUvxül´ TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxag

kan´ykEtxül´Edlmkdl´nUvTVarbu¨eNÑaH ehIyrab´el]n> za ;

eRkA ehIyrab´ edayrh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunenaHÉg³ .

k*RbeRc[tKñanwgKña

mansPaBCahVÚg>

1 2 3 4 5ç

.

kalRBHeyaKIenaH

rab´el]n>

y¨agenH

kmμdðan

eRBaHehtuenaH x\úM

sYrza ²k*xül´GsSasbsSas;nu@H etIRBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´

1 2 3 4 5 6ç

yUrbu¨nμaneTA/³ .

1 2 3 4 5 6 7ç

rab´ehIy sti k*taMgenARBm kñúgGarmμN¾ KWxül´degØImecj nig

eqøIyza ²RBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´ rhUtev[rcakkar

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

xül´degØImcUl³ . eRBaHza karrab´ k*edIm|IeZVIkarkat´pþac´ nUvvitk,;

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9ç

EdlraldaleTA BÆd*xageRkAehIy tm,l´nUvsti kñúgGarmμN¾ KW

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9

10 dUecñHÉg .

GsSasbsSas; o:nhñwgÉg .

RBHeyaKI

luHeZVITukkñúgcitþ


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edayviZIrab´ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ tam

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac énkarBal´RtUvpg edayGMNac

lMdab´ ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ .

énkartm,l´Tukpg .

‘GnuBnÆna viZIrab´tamxül´’

EmnBit kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkarBal´RtUv nig

kiriyapÁakTuknUvkarrab´ ehIybJ¢Únsti eTAtamxül´degØIm

kartm,l´Tuk minmanepSg dUcCakareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac én

ecj nig xül´degØImcUl minomancenøaH eQμaHza GnuBnÆna .

karrab´ nig karCab´tameT . Etza RBHeyaKIkalrab´ kñúgTIEdl

Etza karbJ¢ÚnenaH minKb|IeZVI edayGMNacénkarbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

xül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg eZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ nig kar

xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . eRBaHza sMrab´xül´ecjeTA

Bal´RtUv pÁakkarrab´ kñúgTIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> enaHÉg p©g´

xageRkA p©wt KWxagedIm ebHdUg KWkNþal xagcug KWRcmuH .

stieTAtamxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH nig tm,l´citþ eday

sMrab´xül´EdlcUleTAxagkñúg cugRcmuH eQμaHzaxagedIm ebHdUg

GMNacénGb|na elakehAza ²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGnuBnÆnapg

eQμaHza kNþal p©wt eQμaHza xagcug . k*kalRBHeyaKIenaH

edaypusnapg edayfbnapg³ dUecñH . esckþIenHenaH bNÐit

bJ¢ÚneTA nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;enaH

Kb|IRCab edayesckþIóbmaedaybursxVin nig qμaMTVar EdlRBH

raymay

rEmgman

citþ Edldl´nUvesckþI

edIm|IesckþIraymaypg

edIm|Ikiriyajab´

j&rpg . dUcCaRBHsarIbuRt eBalza ²kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´ xül´dkdegØImecj xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug

Gdðkzacarü eBalehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay nig edayesckþI óbmaedayrNar EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa .

kay nig citþ

bNþaóbmaTaMgenaH enHeKWCasckþIóbma edaybursxVin .

rEmgCasPav;rJ¢Üypg rMePIbpg jab´j&rpg edaysarcitþEdl

bursxVin eyaleTag edIm|Imata nig buRtTaMgLaykMBugelgeTag

e:HeTA kñúgxül´degØImxagkñúg

kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´xül´dk

Gg<úy eT[beCIgssreTag kñúgTIenaHÉg rEmgeXIjnUvTIbMputTaMg

degØImcUl xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug kay nig citþ rEmg

BIrpg nUvBak´kNþalpg énEpnkþareTag EdlmkpgeTApg tam

CasPav;rJ¢Üypg

edaysarcitþEdl

lMdab´ EtzaCaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvTIbMputTaMgBIr nig

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

Rtg´kNþal y¨agNamij Pikú¡QrenA Ek|rssrEdlcUleTAcg

rMePIbpg

jab´j&rpg

e:HeTAkñúgxül´degØImxageRkA ‘1’ ³ . kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

eday

edayGMNacénsti eyalnUveTagKWxül´GsSasbsSas;ehIy

GMNacénxül´xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . Etza RBHeyaKI

Gg<úy kñúgnimitþenaHÉg edaysti kalp©g´ edaysti tm,l´citþ

1-

edaykarCab´tam

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 91 .

minKYreZVITukkñúgcitþ

Rtg´TIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg k*rEmgeXIj nUvxagedIm


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rtg´kNþal nig xagcug énxül´GsSasbsSas; kñúgTIEdl

manGZib|aydUcemþc/ . manGZib|ayza ; Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

xül´TaMgenaH mkpgeTApg Bal´RtUvehIy> edaylMdab´ Etza

minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Pikú¡enH CaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;

minEmnCaZm( KWPikú¡enaH mindwgeT

TaMgenaH . enHCaóbmaedaybursxVin .

pg bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg TaMgRBHeyaKI k*júaMg

cMENkóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar mandUcteTAenH . qμaMTVar min

RbeyaK

oseRmcpg

Etza Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

citþ mindl´nUvesckþIraymay

rEmg:nnUvKuNviess

eRb[bbIdUcCa

BicarNa nUvbursTaMgLay TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA énnKr za

edImeQIEdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI bursKb|Ikat´nUvedIm

²GñkCaGñkNa ß GñkmkGMBITINa GñkeTATINa ßk* GVImanenA kñúg

eQIenHenaH edayrNa sti KWburs‘enaH’ taMgTukehIy eday

édGñk³ dUecñH eRBaHza bursTaMgenaH minEmnCaPar;énqμaMTVarenaHeT

GMNac éneZμjrNar EdlBal´RtUvedImeQI

Etza qμaMTVarBicarNa nUvmnusSEdlmkdl´TVarehIy mkdl´TVar

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNar EdlmkehIypg EdleTAehIypgeT

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg

xül´

Etza eZμjrNar EdlmkehIykþI EdleTAehIykþI k*minEmnburs

ecjeTAxageRkAkþI minEmnCaPar; énPikú¡enHeT xül´Edlmkdl´

enaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg burs

TVarehIy mkdl´TVarehIyhñwgÉg KWCaPar; énPikú¡enH k*y¨agenaH

enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg

y¨agNamij

xül´cUleTAxagkñúgkþI

Edr . enH CaóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar . cMENkóbmaedayrNar bNÐitKb|IRCab taMgEtGMBIedIm

bursenaH min:n

rEmg:n nUvKuNviess

y¨agNamijç nimitþCaeRK]gcUleTAcgepÁab eRb[bdUcCaedImeQI EdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI xül´degØImecj nig xül´

dUecñHÉg . smdUcCaBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy za ; ‘1’

degØImcUl eRb[bdUcCaeZμjrNarç sti CaZmμCati KWburs taMg

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

TukehIy edayGMNacéneZμjrNarEdlBal´RtUvedImeQI Etza

Etza kalPikú¡min

bursenaH min:neZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNarEdlmk ß eTAeLIy

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min

bursenaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

bursenaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg rEmg:nKuNviess

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

Pavna rEmg:nsMerc .

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

TaMgeZμjrNar

EdlmkehIykþI

EdleTAehIykþI

k*minEmnCa

y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ Gg<úytaMgsti Rtg´cugRcmuHkþI Rtg´nimitþ én mat´kþI mineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIy ß


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EdleTAehIy Etza xül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIykþI Edl eTAehIykþI minEmnCasPav;KWPikú¡enaHmindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþI

120

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enH CaóbmaedayrNar . ‘170’

k*ehtuRtwmEtRBHeyaKIenaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ eday

Büayam’ rEmgR:kdpg Pikú¡enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmc

GMNacénxül´GsSasbsSas;bu¨eNÑaH

pg rEmg:nnUvKuNviess k*y¨agenaHEdr .

RbeyaCn¾ kñúgesckþIóbmaedayrNarenH .

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

Ca

Baküza ²bZan³ mansMNYrza bZan etIdUcemþc . eqøIy

k*nimitþ ekIteLIg nig fbna eBalKWGb|na EdlRbdab´

za TaMgkayTaMgcitþ énPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy CaZmμCat

edayGg<Qand*ess rEmgsMerc edaykalminyUrhñwgÉg dl´

KYrdl´kargar enH eQμaHza bZan .

RBHeyaKIBYkxøH EdleZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH . EtsRmab´RBH

sYrza RbeyaK etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza óbk,ielsTaMgLay

eyaKIBYkxøH

nakalesckþIRkvl´RkvaypøÚvkay

sáb´rmáab´ehIy

KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n vitk,;TaMgLay

edayGMNacénkarrMlt´ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat

k*rmáab´:n enH eQμaHza RbeyaK .

tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkar

sYrza KuNviess etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza sMeyaCn;TaMg

rab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; eRb[bbIdUcCadl´nUv

Lay KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n Gnus&y

Gakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas . kalRBHeyaKImankayRkvl´

TaMgLay k*dl´nUvesckþIvinas enH eQμaHza KuNviess .

Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza

ERK nig taMg rEmgRTuDcuH »

RkibeRk[b kMral cab´epþImrYjç Etza kalRBHeyaKIminmankay

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaZm( KWRBHeyaKIenaHmindwgenaHeT citþ

Rkvl´Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymaypg bZan rEmgR:kdpg RBHeyaKI

RTuDcuH min»RkibeRk[beT eRK]gkMralmincab´epþImrYjeT ERK nig

rEmgjúaMgRbeyaKoseRmcpg :nnUvKuNviess dUecñHÉg .

taMg eRb[bdUcCaBUkRtUveKjat´ehIyedaybu¨yKr . eRBaHehtuGVI

Gana:nsSti

buK<lNa:nbMeBjehIy

cMerIn

eRBaHkayEdlminRkvl´Rkvay rEmgCaZmμCatRsal eRBaHehtu

rEmg

ehIy edayGMNacénkiriyarMlt´nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; Edl

ehIy edayRbéB snSMehIy edaylMdab´ o dUcRBHBuTÆRTg´sMEdgTukehIy

buK<lenaH

júaMgelakenH oPøWc|as´ dUcCaRBHc&nÞ Edlput RsLHcakBBk .

ERK nig taMg rEmgmin

Na eRBaHehtuenaH kalesckþIRkvl´Rkvayénkay sám´rmaáb´

eRKatRKat tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday GMNacénkarrab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; CaZmμCat


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122

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRb[bdUcCadl´nUvGakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas k*y¨agenaHEdr.

Pikú¡enaH minRtUveRkakcakGasn; ehIyrlas´ nUvkMNat´Es|k

kalxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

edIreTAeLIy . sYrza etIKb|IeZVIy¨agdUcemþc .

citþ rbs´

eqøIyza Pikú¡ min

RBHeyaKIenaH mannimitþKWxül´GsSasbsSas;d*lÁit CaGarmμN¾

KYreRkak edayKitza ²GatμaGj nwgsYrnUvGacarü³ dUecñH ß ßza

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA . sUm|InimitþenaH rlt´ehIy citþ déT> eT[t Ca

²«LÚvenH kmμdðanrbs´GatμaGj vinasehIy³ dUecñHeLIy eRBaH

ZmμCatmannimitþ KWxül´GsSasbsSas; d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

za

CaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTAhñwgÉg. sYrza edayRbkardUcemþc .

kmμdðanenAEtzμI> dEdl eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGg<úyy¨agNa

eqøIyza ²bNÐitKb|IRCabza eRb[bdUcburseKaHrKaMgsMriTÆi eday

hñwgÉg Kb|InaMmkcakTIkEnøg .

bnÞHelah;d*ZM sMeLgd*xøaMg Kb|IekIteLIg edaykarvayEtmþg

RBHeyaKIkaljúaMg«riyabz

okMerIkehIyeTA

kmμdðan

Ca

‘ó:ynaMxül´’

bu¨eNÑaH citþrbs´bursenaHCacitþmansMeLgeRKatRKatCaGarmμN¾

enHCaó:ynaMmk kñúgBaküenaH . Pikú¡enaH dwgPav;KWkiriya

RbRBwtþeTA . kalsMeLgEdleRKatRKat rlt´ehIy RKaenaH

minR:kd énkmμdðanehIy Kb|IBicarNa dUecñHza ²eQμaHza xül´

eRkaymk citþrbs´bursenaHk*mannimitþénsMeLgd*lÁitCaGarmμN¾

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

sUm|IkalnimitþenaH rlt´ehIy

citþ déT> eT[t CaZmμCatman

mandl´buK<lNa ß minmandl´buK<lNa³ dUecñH . tmk kal

nimtþénsMeLg d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaHCaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RBHeyaKI BicarNay¨agenH k*dwgza ²xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ .

EmnBit sUm|IRBHsarIbuRt k*:neBalBakü

enH minmandl´stVTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg épÞénmata minmandl´

enH ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za ²eRb[bdUcCa nakalrKaMg RtUveKvay

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmuCcuHkñúgTwk mYyvijeT[t minmandl´buK<l

ehIyÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

TaMgLay EdlCaGsJ¦IstV minman dl´buK<lTaMgLayEdl

esckþIBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab ‘tamn&y

kñúgbdismÖiTaenaHcuH’ .

‘lk¡N;EdlepSgcakkmμdðandéT’

rEmgman

kñúgTINa

minmankñúgTINa

søab´ehIy minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay EdlcUlctutæCÄan minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay GñkRbkbedayrUbPBnigGrUbPB

dUcCakmμdðanTaMgLaydéT rEmgR:kdc|as´ BÆd*xagelI>

minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLayEdlcUlnieraZ³ dUecñHehIy Kb|I

y¨agNamij kmμdðanenH mindUecñaHeT . EtzakmμdðanenH kalRBH

BicarNaxøÜn edayxøÜnÉg y¨agenHza ²EnbNÐit ERkgGñkminEmn

eyaKIcMerIn x¬s´eLIgeTA> rEmgdl´nUvPaBd*lÁit mincUleTAdl´

fitenA kñúgépÞénmata minEmnmuCcuH kñúgTwk minEmnCaGsJ¦IstV

karR:kdeLIy . EtzakalkmμdðanenaH minTan´R:kd y¨agenH

minEmnCaGñksøab´ minEmnCaGñkcUl nUvctutæCÄan

minEmnCaGñk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkbRBmedayrUbPB nig GrUbPB minEmnCaGñkcUlnieraZ xül´

dUcCa kñúgeBlEdlbuK<leZVIkarCul nUvsadksac´m¨t´ sUm|Im¢úl

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH enAEtmandEdlhñwgÉg EtGñkminGac

d*qμar KWbuK<lKb|IR:zña sUm|IecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úl d*

edIm|IkMNt´:neT

.

qμaréRkElgCagenaH k*buK<lKb|IR:zñaEdr y¨agNamij kñúgeBl

edayGMNacénxül´Edl

cMerInnUvkmμdðanenH EdlR:kdesμIedaysadksac´m¨t´ sti Edl

Bal´RtUvehIytamRbRktI ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA . k*

eRb[bdUcCam¢úlpg bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaystienaHpg EdleRb[b

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

dUcCaecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úlpg EdlmankMLaMg KWRBH

bnÞab´mk

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmanR:C\ad*Tn´exSay³

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|ItaMgcitþ

sMrab´buK<lmanRcmuHEvg

xÞb´nUv

ekþagRcmuHRbRBwtþeTA . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH sMrab´Gñk

eyaKIKb|IR:zña k*y¨agenaHEdr .

manRcmuHxøI xÞb´nUvbbUrmat´BÆd*xagelI RbRBwtþeTA . eRBaHehtuenaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbedaysti nig bJ¦aTaMgenaH minKYrEsVgrk

RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|Itm,l´nUvnimitþza ²xül´GsSasbsSas; xÞb´

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´Bal´

nUvTIeQμaHenH³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´GaRs&ynUvGMNac

RtUv tamRbRktIeT . eRb[bdUcCa GñkERsP¢ÜrERsehIyElgeKa

énRbeyaCn¾enH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt min

cMerInTaMgLay edjomanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIeKacr Gg<úysMrakenA

eBalnUvkarcMerInGana:nsSti dl´buK<lGñkePøcPøaMgsti Gñkmin

eRkammøb´ kalebIdUecñaH eKacMerInTaMgenaH rbs´GñkERsenaH Kb|I

dwgxøÜn³ dUecñHCaedIm .

cUleTAkan´dgéRB edayel]n GñkERsEdlCaGñkqøat R:zñacg´

EmnBit

kmμdðanNanimYy

dl´buK<lGñkman

cab´eKaTaMgnu@H ykmkTwmmþgeT[t min:c´eTAtamsñameCIgeKaTaMg

sti GñkdwgxøÜnEtbu¨eNÑaH k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþzakmμdðandéTeRkA

enaHeT edIreTAkan´dgéRB RKan´Etkan´ykExS nig CnøÜj ehIyedIr

GMBIkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kdc|as´ dl´GñkEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ> . É

tRmg´Rtg´ eTAkan´kMBg´TwkEdleKaTaMgenaH enApþúMKñaEtmþg ehIy

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH Zán´ karPavnak*Zán´ CaPUmiénmnsikar én

Gg<úyßk*edk . eRkaymk GñkERsenaH eXIjeKaTaMgenaHRtac´

RBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig buRtrbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLayEdlCamha-

eTA Gs´cMENkénézáehIy cuHkMBg´TwkCaTIRbCMuKña RtaMpg pwkpg

bursbu¨eNÑaH minEmnCakmμdðanzyezakeT nig minEmnCakmμdðan

ehIyeLIgmkQrenA k*ykExScg cak´nwgCnøÜj naMykeTATwm

EdlstVzñak´lμmesB:neT

KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ

eZVIkargar mþgeT[t y¨agNamij

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´

edayRbkarenaH>

nig

lÁit

rEmgsMerc

edayRbkarNa>

Pikú¡enaH minKb|IEsVgrkxül´

eRBaHehtuenaH

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´enaHBal´

kñúgkmμdðanenH sti nig bJ¦a d*mankMLaMgKWRBHeyaKIKb|IR:zña .

RtUvehIytamRbRktI RKan´Etkan´yknUvExSKWsti nig CnøÜjKWbJ¦a


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tm,l´citþ kñúgOkasEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy tamRbRktI ehIy

GaTitük*man .

júaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA d|itza kalPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ

esckþIepSgKña k*eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKImansJ¦aepSgKña eRb[bdUc

y¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμaneLIy xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH rEmg

Ca

R:kd dUceKaTaMgLayEdlR:kd Rtg´kMBg´TwkEdlCaTIRbCMucuH

Pikú¡mYyrUb eBalza ²RBHsURtenH R:kddl´elakTaMgLay dUc

tGMBIenaHmk Pikú¡enaHKb|IykExSKWsticg TwmkñúgTIenaHÉg eRsc

CaGIV³ dUecñHç Pikú¡mYyrUb k*eqøIytbza ²R:kddl´x\úM dUcCasÞwgd*ZM

ehIycak´edayCnøÜjKWbJ¦a

EdlhUrecjGMBIPñM³ dUecñHç Pikú¡déTeT[t eqøIyza ²‘nimitþenH’ rEmg

RbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y>

k*y¨agenaH

Edr . kalPikú¡enaH Rbkby¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμan nimitþ k*R:kd .

‘nimitþR:kdepSgKña’

k*ÉkmμdðanenHenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd eday

kalPikú¡TaMgLayeRcInrUb

R:kddl´x\úM

Gg<úysVaZüaynUvRBHsURt

dUcCadgéRBmYy³ dUecñHç

kal

Pikú¡mYyrUbeT[t eqøIyza

²‘nimitþenH’ R:kddl´x\úM dUcCaedImeQI EdleBjehIy eday

k*GacarüTaMgLayBYkxøH eBalza ²nimitþenHenaH minEmn

Tmán´énEpø EdlbribUreTAedayEmk manmøb´d*RtCak´³ dUecñH . Emn

CanimitþR:kdesμIEtmYy dl´RBHeyaKITaMgBYgeLIy bu¨Enþza nimitþ

Bit RBHsURtenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd dl´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH

enaH rEmgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH dUcCabu¨uyKrk*man dUcCa

epSgKña eRBaHPikú¡TaMgenaHmansJ¦aepSgKña y¨agdUecñaH . eRBaHza

bu¨ykb|ask*man

kmμdðanenH ekItGMBIsJ¦a mansJ¦aCaehtu mansJ¦aCaEdnekIt

dUcCaZñarénxül´k*man

EdljúaMgsuxsmösS

oekIteLIg³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²rEmgR:kd edayesckþIepSg

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay dUcteTAenH . k*nimitþenH

rEmgR:kd

dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

dUcCarUbp,ayk*man

dUcCaduMEkvmNIk*man dUcCadMuEkvmukþak*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

Kña eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKITaMgenaH mansJ¦aepSgKña³ dUecñHÉg .

‘er]gZm( 3 Rbkar’ k*kñúgkmμdðanenH citþ

Edlmanxül´degØImecjCaGarmμN¾

CanimitþmansmösSrwg rEmgR:kd dUcCaRKab´kb|ask*man dUcCa

CacitþmYy citþ Edlmanxül´degØImcUlCaGarmμN¾ CacitþmYy citþ

rnukeQIEdlmanxøwmk*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUc

EdlmannimitþCaGarmμN¾ k*CacitþmYyEdr . EmnBit Zm(TaMgLay

CaExSsgVad*Evgk*man

dUcCaGNþatEpSgk*

bIenH minmandl´buK<lNa kmμdðan énbuK<lenaH rEmgmindl´nUv

man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUcCasrésBIgBagEdl

Gb|napg nUvóbcar;pg . bu¨EnþZm(TaMgbIenH mandl´buK<lNa

latehIyk*man dUcCadM:rBBkk*man dUcCap,aQUkk*man dUcCa

kmμdðan énbuK<lenaHÉg rEmgdl´nUvGb|napg nUvóbcar;pg .

dUcCakRmgp,ak*man

kg´rzk*man dUcCamNÐl énRBHc&nÞk*man nig dUcCamNÐlénRBH

smdUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBal ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

cUreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðaner]y>³ .

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

Pavna rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIenaH edayGMNacénfbna cab´

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

TaMgLay eBalza ;

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Etza kalPikú¡min

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min dwgnUvZm(TaMgLaybI Pavna rEmg:nsMerc

‘1’

.

‘nimitþR:kdehIyedayeZVIy¨agNa’ ‘171’ RBHTIXPaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy y¨agenH za ; k*kalnimitþ R:kdehIy y¨agdUecñH Pikú¡enaH Kb|IeTAkan´ sMNak´énGacarü ehIyR:b´za ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn GarmμN¾man sPaBEbbenH rEmgR:kd dl´x\úM³ . cMENkGacarü Kb|IR:b´za ²nu@HKWCanimitþ³ ßza ²nu@HminEmnCanimitþ³ dUecñHeT Pikú¡enaHRtUvGacarü R:b´za ²mñalGavuesa ehtuenaH many¨agenHÉg³ ehIyeBalza ²GñkcUreZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHer]y> cuH³ . eRBaHza kalGacarü eBalza ²Canimitþ³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH rEmgdl´nUvTIbJ©b´ . kal Gacarü eBalza ²minEmnCanimitþeT³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH k*Gs´esckþI sg¹wm Kb|IesaHGeg<Iy eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüminRtUv R:b´TaMgBIry¨ageLIy RKan´EtRbkbkñúgmnsikarbu¨eNÑaH . cMENkRBHmCÄimPaNkacarüTaMgLay eBalza ²Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüKb|IeBalza ; mñalGavuesa enHCanimitþ Ensb|úrs Gñk 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

lMdab´enaH RBHeyaKIenH Kb|ItMkl´citþ kñúgnimitþhñwgÉg .

edImGMBIbdiPaKnimitþenHeTA y¨agenHÉg . smdUcRBHburaNacarü

GñkmanR:C\a kalbJÄb´nUvcitþ kñúgnimitþ eZVIo Cak´c|as´ nUvGakar;epSg> eQμaHza cgeRk[kTuk nUvcitþ rbs´xøÜn kñúgxül´GsSasbsSas; .

cab´edImGMBIkarR:kdénnimitþy¨agenH nIvrNZm(TaMgLay CaZmμCat

KWPikú¡enaH

RKbsg,t´ehIyEmnBit

kielsTaMgLay

sáb´esá{mehIy stiCaZmμCatR:kdBit citþk*tMkl´enAmaM eday óbcarsmaZiBitEmn . lMdab´enaH

nimitþenaH

RBHeyaKIenH

minKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayBN( minKb|IBicarNa edaylk¡N;eT .

k*bu¨EnþRBHeyaKI

Kb|Iev[r nUvGsb|ayTaMg 7 manGavasCaedIm ehIyesBnUv sb|ayTaMg 7 enaHÉg Kb|IrkSao:nlÁ dUcCaRBHxtþiymehsI EzrkSanUvKP(énesþccRkBtííþ nig dUcCaGñkERsEzrkSakMepIménRsUv salI nig RsUvdMeNIb dUecñaHÉg . bnÞab´mk luHRBHeyaKI rkSanUvnimitþenaH y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVIodl´ nUvesckþIcMerInTUlM TUlay edayGMNacénkiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþ Caer]y> ehIyjúaMg Gb|naekaslø 10 y¨ag odl´RBm ehIyRbkbesckþIBüayam


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

o:nRbéB . kalRBHeyaKIenaHBüayamy¨agenH ctuk,CÄan nig

énnamnigrUbenaH . k*RBHeyaKI kalEsVgrk eXIjnamnigrUbenaH

bJ©kCÄan rEmgekIteLIg kñúgnimitþenaH tamlMdab´énBaküEdl

ehIyR:rBÆ nUvkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA énnamnigrUb kñúgkalTaMgLaybI

eyIgeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

ehIy qøgnUvesckIþsgS&y CaGñkmanesckþIsgS&yqøgputehIy

‘viZIcMerInvibsSna t’

elIkeLIg‘nUvnamrUb’ kan´éRtlk¡N¾ edayGMNacénkarBicarNa

‘kMNt´namrUb’

nUvklab‘:c´’ ehIylHbg´ nUvvibsSnUbki,elsTaMg 10 man

k*Pikú¡ Gñkmanctuk,CÄan nig bJ©kCÄan ekItehIy

OPasCaedIm EdlekIteLIg kñúgbuBVPaK énóTyBVyanubsSna

y¨agenH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGMNacénsløk¡Na

‘kiriyaBicarNaeXIjnUvkarekIt nig karrlt´’ ehIykMNt´ nUv

nig vivdþna ehIydl´nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi kñúgGana:nsStiPavnaenH

bdibTajaN EdlputehIy cakóbki,elsTaMgLay za CamK<

rEmgeZVIQanenaHÉg

ehIy

‘172’

odl´nUvPaBsÞat´

edayGakar;TaMgLay

lHbg´nUvkarekIteLIg

seRmcdl´Pg<anubsSna

‘kiriya

5 y¨agsÞat´CMnaj kMNt´nUvnamrUbehIy taMgepþImnUvvibsSna .

BicarNaeXIjnUvkarEbkZøay’ ehIyk*en]yNay ZujRTan´ kñúg

sYrza ; etItaMgepþImdUcemþc . eqøIyza; d|itza RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡

sg¡arTaMgBYg EdlR:kdeLIgedayPaBKYrP&yxøac edayGMNac

enaH ecjcakBIsmabtþiehIy rEmgeXIjza krCkay nig citþ

énPg<anubsSna minmancenøaH rYcRsLH dl´nUvGriymK< 4 tam

CaEdnekIteLIg énxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay . dUcCakal

lMdab´y¨agNa taMgenAs)b´ kñúgGrhtþpl dl´ehIynUvTIbMput

sñb´énCagmas

énbc©evk¡NJ¦aN 19 RbePT CaGK<Tki¡eNyü énelak RBm

KWbuK<lsb´

xül´EdlGaRs&ynUvsñb´pg

nUv

esckþIBüayam d*smKYrdl´sñb´enaH énburspg rEmgsJ©reTA y¨agNamij xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay GaRs&ynUvkay nig citþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

tGMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvxül´

TaMgeTvelak . k*karcMerInGana:nsStismaZi karrab´CaxagedIm

énRBHeyaKIenaH

manbdibsSnaCaTIbMput

EdleZVI

CaZmμCatcb´eRsc

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay nUvkaypg za CarUb nUvcitþpg nUv

ehIy edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHÉg . enHCakarBN(na nUv

Zm(Edlsm|yutþ edaycitþenaHpg za CaGrUb .

ctuk,; TI1

seg¡b

kñúgkarkMNt´namrUbn@uH

.

enHCaesckþI

cMENkÉkarkMNt´namnigrUb

nwgmanR:kd xagmux edayesckþIBisþar . RBHeyaKIluHkMNt´namnigrUby¨agenHehIy EsVgrkbc©&y

edayGakar;TaMgBYg .

‘173’ cMENkkñúgctuk,;TaMgbIeRkAenH eQμaHzan&y énkar cMerInkmμdðanepSgminman eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH Kb|IRCab esckþIénctuk,;TaMgenaHÉg

tamn&yénkarBN(naGnubThñwgÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

131

‘karBN(nactuk,;TI2’

132

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

rbs´GñkkMNt´dwg

nUvkayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

edayGMNacénPaBCaGñk

bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl stik*tm,l´

kaleZVInUvbItioCabItiKWxøÜndwgc|as´ehIy KWeZVIoR:kd dkdegØIm

maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡ dwgc|as´ehIy edaystienaH eday

ecj dkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ enaHmanesckþI

jaNenaH

za bIti CaZmμCatKWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 2

ehIy

KWedayGarmμN¾ 1 edayGsemμah; 1 .

GZidðannUvcitþÇÇÇkaleC]s)b´edaysTÆaÇÇÇkalp<gesckþIBüayamÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat

kalPikú¡rMBwg bItienaH eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´

kalPikú¡enaHdwgÇÇÇ

kaleXIjÇÇÇ

kalRbugTuknUvstiÇÇÇ

Qan 2 EdlmanbIti eRBaHkiriya:nnUvQan bIti CaZmμCat

bJ¦aÇÇÇ kalRtas´dwg nUvZm(EdlKYrRtas´dwgÇÇÇ kalkMNt´dwgnUv

KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ eRBaHPav;énGarmμN¾ Ca

Zm(EdlKYrkMNt´dwgÇÇÇ kallHnUvZm(EdlKYrlHÇÇÇ kalcMerInnUv

ZmμCat KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

Zm(EdlKYrcMerInÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGsemμah;

c|as´ç

etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy

eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg ‘1’ .

kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ eQμaHza

Pikú¡enaH

kaldwgc|as´

kal

KWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUl

bItienaH

kaltm,l´nUvcitþÇÇÇ

kalBicarNaÇÇÇ

eday

nUvZm(EdlKYreZVIoCak´

dwgc|as´ehIyç

bItienaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

sUm|IIbTd*essTaMgLay k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI

edayesckþIsUnüeTA bIti CabIti KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy eday

tamn&yenHÉg . EtenHRKan´EtCaesckþIEbøkKñaRtg´bTenH . PaB

Gsemμah; eRBaHkiriyacak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna .

énRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvsux bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNac

smdUcCaRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTamK< za ; kalPikú¡

énQanTaMgLay 3 PaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar

dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy Edlminraymay eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacQanTaMgLay 4 .

GMNacéndegØImecjEvg sti k*tm,l´maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡

2

dwgc|as´ehIy

sMevTI enH

BicarNanUvbIti

Edlsm|yutþedayQan

edaystienaH

edayjaNenaH

c|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

kalPikú¡dwg

Edlminraymay

eday

GM N acéndegØ I m cU l EvgÇÇÇedayGM N acéndegØ I m ecjxø I Ç ÇÇeday GMNacéndegØImcUlxøIÇÇÇ edayGMNacéndegØImecj nig degØImcUl

manevTnaCaedIm eQμaHza citþsg¡ar .

xnÆTaMgLay

k*kñúgbTza suxb|di-

RBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ; Baküza

²sux³ :ndl´ sux 2 y¨ag KWkayiksux 1 ectsiksux 1 edIm|IsMEdgnUvvibsSnaPUmi . 1-

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 151 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

133

bTza ²bsSmÖyM citþsg¡arM³ esckþIza kalrmáab´ KWkal

134

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sm|yutþZm(

kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

sYrza ;

esckþI

rMlt´nUvcitþsg¡ar EdleRKatRKat > .

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI

eRtkGrd*éRkElg edayGMNacénvibsSna etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza

rlt´nUvcitþsg¡aenaH

tamn&yEdlelak:n

Pikú¡ cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy BicarNabIti Edl

edayesckþIBisþar

eBalehIy kñúgkaysg¡arhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bNþabTTaMgenaH

sm|yutþedayQan

kñúgbTza

Pikú¡enaH eZVIbItiEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQanoCaGarmμN¾ júaMg

bIti

elakeBalevTna

edayRbZanKWbIti

Rtg´bTza

sux elakeBalevTna edayrUbrbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg kñúgbTza citþsg¡arTaMg 2 elakeBalevTna EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysJ¦a eRBaH:LIza ²sJ¦a nig evTna CatYectsik Zm(TaMgnu@HCab´cMeBaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

citþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA kñúgxN;énvibsSna y¨agenHÉg . RBHeyaKIGñkRbtibtþiy¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza Gatμa Gj nwgjúaMgcitþorIkrayéRkElg dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl. bTBIrza ²smaTyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´

edaycitþ eQμaHza citþsg¡ar³ dUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IRCabza ctuk,;enH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy tamn&yénevTnanubsSna y¨agenHÉg .

nUvcitþoesμI

KW taMgcitþoesμI kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénQan

manbfmCÄanCaedIm

‘ctuk,;TI3’

ßBMuenaHesat

cUlQanTaMgenaHehIy

k*

ecj ehIyBicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan eday

‘174’ sUm|Ikñúgctuk,; TI3 bNÐit Kb|IRCabPaB énRBH

esckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

PaBéncitþRbRBwtþeTA

kñúg

eyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvcitþ edayGMNacénQanTaMgLay 4 .

xN;CacitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy rEmgekIteLIg edaykarcak´ZøúHnUv

BIrbTza ²GPib|emaTyM citþM³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

lk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna Pikú¡tMkl´citþoesμI KWtaMgcitþoesμI

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA oRss´Rsay oRss´

kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénxNikcietþkK<ta EdlekIteLIgehIy

RsayTUeTAnwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²GPi-

y¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgtMkl´citþ onwg

b|emaTyM citþM³ enaH esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg Etgman eday

dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl .

Gakar; 2 y¨ag KW edayGMNacénsmaZi 1 edayGMNac én vibsSna

1 .

sYrza

esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg

edayGMNac

bTBIrza ²viemacyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaljúaMg citþorYc

orYcRsLH

caknIvrN;TaMgLay

edaybfmCÄan

énsmaZi etIy¨agdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 Edlman

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay

bIti Pikú¡enaH júaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTYeTA edaybIti EdlCa

edayTutiyCÄan

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakbIti

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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136

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ttiyCÄan kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksux nig Tuk¡TaMg

eRBaHehtuGVI . eqøIyza eRBaHPav;énxnÆR:MenaH mankarekIteLIg

Lay edayctutæCÄan

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI cUlQanTaMgLay

Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT . bTza ²Gnic©ta³ :ndl´PaBén

enaH ecjehIy k*BicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan

bJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaHÉgmankarekIteLIg Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT

edayesckþIGs´eTA edayesckþIsUnüeTA RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIcitþ

ßza PaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH manehIy EbreTACaminmaneTAvij .

orYc orYcRsLH caknic©sJ¦a edayGnic©anubsSna kñúgxN;

GZib|ayza

énvibsSna eZVIcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksuxsJ¦a edayTuk¡a-

eLIgehIy mintaMgenA edayGakar;enaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay eday

nubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGtþsJ¦a edayGntþanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakesckþIeRtk

karEbkZøayRKb´xN; . bTza ²Gnic©anubsSna³ KWkarBicarNa

RtGal edayniBiVTanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakraK; edayviraKanubsSnaÇÇÇ

eXIjza mineT[g kñúgxnÆTaMgLay manrUbCaedIm edayGMNac

caksmuTy; edaynieraZanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGaTan;‘esckþIRbkan´’

énGnic©taenaH

edaybdinisSK<anubsSna

dkdegØImecj

nig

dkdegØImcUl

.

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgeZVIcitþ orYc dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . bNÐitKb|IRCabctuk,;enH za RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy edayGMNacéncitþanubsSna y¨agdUecñHÉg .

za ²Gnic©anubsSI³ enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab Gnic©M ‘rbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©ta ‘PaBCarbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSna Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSI

bTza

EdlekIt

²Gnic©anubsSI³ :ndl´RBHeyaKIGñk

RbkbRBm edaykarBicarNaeXIjenaH . eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡Ca Gñky¨agdUecñHehIy kaldkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl bNÐitKb|I RCab za eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjza

mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl kñúgTIenH . cMENkkñúgbTza ²viraKanubsSI³ enH viraK; ‘karR:scak

cMENkkñúgctuk,; TI4 manesckþIvinicä&yza kñúgbT

‘karBicarNaeXIjzamineT[g’

.

k*KWPaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgLayenaH

‘viraKanubsSI nieraZanubsSI’

‘ctuk,;TI4 ’ ‘Gnic©anubsSI’ ‘175’

Gnic©ta

‘GñkEdl

BicarNaeXIjzaCarbs´mineT[g’ Camun . kñúg 4 bT enaH bTza ²Gnic©M³ :ndl´ xnÆR:M .

sYrza

teRmk’ man 2 y¨ag KWxyviraK; 1 Gc©nþviraK; 1 . bNþaviraK; TaMg 2 enaH karEbkZøayRKb´xN; énsg¡arTaMgLay eQμaHza xNviraK; . RBHniBVan eQμaHza Gc©nþviraK; . vibsSna nig mK< EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénviraK;TaMg 2 enaH eQμaHza viraKanubsSna . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edayGnubsSnaTaMg 2 enaHÉg

kaldkdegØImecj

eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj

dkdegØImcUl

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

nwgCaGñkBicarNaeXIjkarR:s


visuTÆimK< ERb

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138

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

cakteRmk dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . n&y sUm|IkñúgbTza

dkdegIØmcUl bNÐitKb|IRCabza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgCaGñk

²nieraZanubsSI³ k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

BicarNaeXIjer]y> nUvkiriyarlas´ecal dkdegIØmecj dk degIØmcUl .

‘bdinisSK<anubsSI’ sUm|IkñúgbTza ²bdinisSK<anubsSI³ enH bdinisSK<; ‘kar

ctuk,; TI 4 enH

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

rlas´ecal’ man 2 KW bric©aKb|dinisSK<; ‘bdinisSK<; KWkarlH

GMNacénvibsSnasuTÆ hñwgÉg . cMENk ctuk,;TaMg 3 mankñúg

bg´’1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<;‘bdinisSK<;KWkarsÞúHeTA’1 . GnubsSna

xagmun RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIyedayGMNacénsmz; nig

KWbdinisSK<; eQμaHzabdinisSK<anubsSna . Baküza bdinisSK<a-

vibsSna . ‘176’ karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti manvtæú 16 bNÐitKb|I

nubsSna enH CaeQμaH énvibsSna nig mK< TaMgLay . EmnBit vibsSna rEmglHbg´ nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPi-

RCab edayGMNacénctuk,;TaMg 4 dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

sg¡arTaMgLay edayGMNacéntTg<b|han; EzmTaMg rEmgsÞúH

Gana:nsStienH

eTA kñúgRBHniBVan EdlpÞúyKñanwgkielsenaH eRBaHPav;énvibsSna

16 y¨agenH

‘EdlPikú¡:ncMerInehIy’

k*

edayGMNacénvtæú

eTIbmanpleRcIn manGanisgSeRcIn .

‘GanisgSGana:nsSti’

OneTA kñúgpøÚvenaH edaykiriyaeXIjnUveTas kñúgsg¡tZm( eRBaH

kñúgGanisgSénGana:nsStienaH

ehtudUecñaH eTIbelakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aK-

manBN(naza

bNÐit

cMENkmK< rEmglHbg´

Kb|IRCabPav;énGana:nsStienaH CaZmμCati manGanisgSeRcIn

nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPisg¡arTaMgLay eday

sUm|IedayGMNacénZm( EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr

GMNacénsmuecäTb|han;

manPaBCaZm(d*lÁitCaedIm

b|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

EzmTaMg

rEmgsÞúHeTA

kñúgRBHniBVan

eRBaHRBH:LIza

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edaykiriyaeZVI ‘nUvRBHniBVan’ oCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIb

Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

elakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aKb|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡-

eRcInehIy CaZm(d*lÁitpg CaZm(d*RbNItpg³ eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

Gackñúgkarkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;

k*vibsSnajaN nig mK<J¦aNTaMg 2 enH

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

.

EmnBit

:neZVIo

Gana:nsStismaZienH

elakehAza GnubsSna eRBaHkiriyaeXIjer]y> nUvjaN man

eRBaHCaZm(d*lÁit RbNIt CaZm(CaeRK]genAminRcbUkRcbl´ nig

kñúgxagmun> TaMgLay . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edaybdi-

Casux

nisSK<anubsSna TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

edayGMNacénvitk,;TaMgLay EdleZVIesckþIGnþray dl´smaZi

kaldkdegØImecj nig kal

eTIbkat´pþac´nUvkarsÞúHeTAéncitþ

xagenHpg

xagenaHpg


visuTÆimK< ERb

139

ehIyeZVIcitþomanmuxeq¬aHeTArkGarmμN¾ KWxül´dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUl Etbu¨eNÑaH .

140

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

R:kd minEmnminrlt´eTAvijeT ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHman

kñúgGana:nsStienaH xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay bI

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²Gana:nsSti KWPikú¡Kb|IcMerIn edIm|I

KW

cUleTAkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;³ dUecñH .

bsSas;

mYyeT[t

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénGana:nsStienaH

man

xül´GsSasbsSas;

mankñúgTIbMputénPB

mankñúgTIbMputénQan

kñúgTIbMputéncuti

xül´GsSas-

xül´GsSasbsSas;

edayGMNacénkiriyarlt´

.

EmnBit

man xül´

GanisgSeRcIn sUm|IedayPaBCamUlénkarbMeBjnUvviC¢a nig vimutþi

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkamPB bNþaPB

obribUr .

TaMgLay rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA kñúgrUbPB nig GrUbPBTaMgLayeT

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²mñal

Pikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsSti EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo

eRBaHehtuenaH

er]y> ehIy rEmgjúaMgstib|dðan 4 oeBjbribUN(:n .

za mankñúgTIbMputénPB . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmg

stib|dðan 4 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3 mankúñgTIbMput bNþaQanTaMgLay rEmg

rEmgjúaMgsem¬aCÄg<;TaMg 7 oeBjbribUN(:n . sem¬aCÄg<;

minRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQanTI4 eRBaHehtuenaH xül´GsSasbsSas;

TaMgLay 7 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

TaMgLayenaH

rEmgjúaMgviC¢a nig vimutþi oeBjbribUN(:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayNa

müa¨gvijeT[t

mankñúgTIbMputénQan ekIteLIgehIy

.

cMENk

CamYynwg

citþ TI16 kñúgxagmun éncuticitþ rEmgrlt´ CamYynwgcuticitþ xül´

GanisgSd*eRcIn bNÐitKb|IRCab sUm|IeRBaHkareZVInUvPav; énxül´

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenH eQμaHza mankñúgTIbMputéncuti .

dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUlTaMgLay Edlman kñúgTI

xül´cuticrim;TaMgLayenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgehIy za

bMput CasPav;KWxøÜndwg:n . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

²mankñúgTIbMput³ kñúgRBHsURtenH .

EdlbuK<l:n

:n»za kalPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvkmμdðanenH BicarNa

ceRmInehIyy¨agenH :neZVIoer]y> ehIyy¨agenH xül´degIØm

nUvkarekIteLIg kñúgxN;énkarekIteLIgéncitþ TI16 kñúgxagmuxén

ecj

EdlmankñúgkalCaxag

cuticitþ eRBaHPav;énxül´degIØmecj nig xül´degIØmcUl EdlPikú¡

eRkay degIØmecj nig degIØmcUlTaMgenaHÉg nwgrlt´eTAvijCa

kMNt´CaGarmμN¾ :nlÁRbéBehIy sUm|IkiriyaekIteLIg énxül´

nig

²mñalrahul

kalebIGana:nsSti

CaZmμCati

eTIbeQμaHza

eTIbeQμaH

man

ehIyza

Pav;énGana:nsStienaH

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenaH

degIØmcUlTaMgLayenaHNa

1- suÇ mÇ óÇ

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 359 .

1- suÇ mÇ mÇ PaKTI 23 TMB&rTI 244 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

141

142

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkiriyataMgenA sUm|Ikiriya

rbs´xøÜn ehIyR:b´Pikú¡sg¹ za ²etIGñkTaMgLay Zøab´eXIjPikú¡

taMgenAénxül´TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkarEbkZøay

EdlbriniBVan edayGakar;dUcemþcxøHEdr/ ³ . bNþaPikú¡TaMgenaH

sUm|IkarEbkZøay énxül´TaMgenaH k*rEmgR:kd .

Pikú¡TaMgLayBYkxøH :neBalza ²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay

EmnBit Pikú¡GñkcMerInnUvkmμdðandéT eRkAGMBIGana:nsSti-

EdlGg<úyelIGasn;hñwgÉg briniBVan³ . Pikú¡BYkxøH :neBalza

kmμdðanenHehIy seRmcnUvRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal én

²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay EdlGg<úyEBnEPñn elIGakas

Gayu:nxøH kMNt´min:nxøH . bu¨EnþPikú¡GñkcMerInnUvGana:nsSti

briniBVan³ .

manvtæú 16 enH ehIyseRmcRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal

Pikú¡EdlkMBugEtc®g,mhñwgÉg briniBVan dl´GñkTaMgLay³ .

énGayu:nTaMgGs´ . Pikú¡GñkcMerInGana:nsSti ehIy:nsMerc

lMdab´enaH RBHezr; eZVInUvKMnUs Rtg´TIc®g,m ehIyeBalza ²x\úM

nUvRBHGrhtþenaH dwgza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gayusg¡ar rbs´Gatμa

nwgedIreTAkan´TIbMputénxagmux GMBITIbMputénTIc®g,menHehIy kal

Gj nwgRbRBwtþeTA Gs´kalmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH nwgminRbRBwtþeTA

RtLb´mkvij RKan´Etdl´nUvKMnUsenHPøam nwgbriniBVan³ y¨agenH

kñúgxagnayGMBIkalenHeT³ dUecñHehIy eZVInUvkic©TaMgBYgTaMgLay

ehIy k*cuHkan´TIc®g,m edIreTAkan´cMENkxagnay kalRtLb´mk

mankarCMrHnUvsrIr; nig karesø{kBak´CaedIm tamZmμtarbs´xøÜn

vij k*briniBVanehIy kñúgxN;EdlelakCan´nUvKMnUs edayeCIg

hñwgÉg ehIyeZμcEPñkTaMgLay dUcCaRBHtisSetær GñkGaRs&y

m¡agPøamhñwgÉg .

enAkñúgekadibBVtvihar dUcCaRBHmhatisSetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúg mhakrJ¢niyvihar

dUcCaRBHbiNÐ:tiktisSetær

kñúgeTvbutþrdð

nig dUcCaRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrRBHGg< GñkGaRs&yenA kñúgcitþlbBVtvihar y¨agdUecñaHÉg . enHCakarsMEdgnUver]gmYy

kñúgcMeNamer]génRBHezr;TaMg

LayenaH . :n»za kñúgcMeNamRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrGg< RBH ezr;mYyGg< sURtnUv:tiemak¡ kñúgézáóe:sz manRBHc&nÞeBjvg´ manPikú¡sg¹EhhmehIy nimnþeTAkan´TICaTIenA rbs´xøÜn :nfit enARtg´TIc®g,m rmilemIlnUvBnøWénRBHc&nÞ BicarNanUvGayusg¡ar

RBHezr; eBalza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH x\úMnwgsMEdgnUv

eRBaHehtu e naHÉg

bNÐ i t Kb|I C aGñ k mi n RbmaT

Rbkber]y> nUvGana:nsSti EdlmanGanisgS eRcIn y¨agenH sBV>kal y¨agenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgGana:nsSti . v

v

v

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

143

‘óbsSmanusSti’

144

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjaMJInUvesckþIRsvwg³ eRBaHRBH:LIza ²viraKZm(enH KWGVI/

k*RBHeyaKIGñkR:zña edIm|IcMerInnUvóbsmanusSti

viraKZm(enH KWZm(CaeRK]gjaMjInUvesckþIRsvwg .l. KWRBHniBVan³

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGana:nsSti eTA

dUecñH Gsg¡tZm(enaH k*Kb|I:neQμaHza viraKZm(Edr . EmnBit

kan´TIsáat´

nUv

viraKZm(enaH elakehAza mTnimμTn; eRBaHesckþIRsvwgTaMgLay

KuNTaMgLay énRBHniBVan eBalKWkiriyacUleTArmáab´ nUvesckþI

TaMgBYg manesckþIRsvwg edayGMNacénmanH nig esckþIRsvwg

Tuk¡RKb´y¨ag y¨agdUecñHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm(TaMgbu¨nμan Ca

kñúgPaBCabursCaedIm GaRs&ynUvviraKZm(ehIy k*Gs´Rsvwg KW

sg¡tZm(kþI CaGsg¡tZm(kþI

ElgRsvwg KWza:t´eTA .

‘177’

LayenaH

ec[secjcakGarmμN¾smáMenA

eRBaHza

RtUvrlwker]y>

viraKZm( R:kdCaRbesIrCagZm(TaMg

viraKZm(enH

CaZm(sRmab´benÞabg´nUvesckþI

bi:sviny;

mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eRBaHesckþIeRskXøan

kñúgkamTaMgLayTaMgBYg

CaZm(GacdkeLIgnUv

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkiriyakMcat´bg´ KWza nUv

Gal&y CaZm(pþac´bg´nUvvdþ; CaZm(Gs´eTAéntNØa CaZm(R:s

kiriyaGs´:t´eTA . mYyeT[t viraKZm( elakehAza Galys-

cakteRmk CaZm(rlt´ CaZm(minmaneRK]gcak´ERsH ‘1’³ dUecñH .

muK¹at; eRBaHGal&y KWbJ©kamKuNTaMgLay rEmgdl´nUvkiriya

‘EkGtæ:LI’

dkeLIg eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

Rsvwg

CaZm(kMcat´bg´nUvesckþIeRskXøan

kñúg:f;TaMgLayenaH Baküza ²manRbmaNRtwmNa³ KW

elakehAza vdþúbecäT; eRBaHvdþ;EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 rEmg

manRbmaNbu¨NÑa . Baküza ²Zm(TaMgLay³ :ndl´sPavZ(m

dac´sUnü eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

TaMgLay . Baküza ²Casg¡t;kþI CaGsg¡t;kþI³ KW Edlbc©&y

elakehAza tNØk¡y; viraK; nieraZ; eRBaHtNØa GaRs&ynUv

TaMgLaypSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI min:npSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI . Baküza ²viraKZ(m

viraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTApg R:scaktMerkpg rlt´

tzaKteBalzaCakMBUlénZm(TaMgLayenaH³

tzaKt

eTApg edayRbkarTaMgBYg . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eBalza CakMBUl KWeBalza RbesIr ótþm énsg¡tZm( nig

niBVan; eRBaHviraKZm(enaH ecjehIy KWrlas´ecjehIy R:s

Gsg¡tZm(TaMgLayenaH . minEmnRtwmEtkiriyaminmanénesckþI

ecjehIy caktNØa Edl:neQμaHza ²van;³ eRBaHrYbrwt KWcg

teRmkbu¨eNÑaHeT

eQμaHza

viraK;

KWviraKZm(

kñúg:LIenaH

ebItamBiteTA

Gsg¡tZm(enaHNa :nnUveQμaHTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾za ²Zm(Ca 1-

suÇ GMÇ cÇ

PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 84 .

ERsH cak´ERsH nUvkMeNIt 4 Kti 5 viJ¦aNdðiti 7 nig stþavas 9 eRBaHPaBénkiriyajúaMgstVoeTA> mk> dUecñHÉg . cUleTArmáab´ eBalKWRBHniBVan

Zm(Edl

RBHeyaKIKb|IrMlwker]y>

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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146

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GMNacénKuNTaMgLay manZm(CaeRK]grmáab´nUvesckþIRsvwg Ca

eTas;caMs,at´ehIy

edImenaH>

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKavcrenaH CacitþeTARtg´ :j´eq¬aHeTArkesckþI

dUcBN(namkenH

ßk*

KuNénóbsm;TaMgLaydéT

minRtUvemah;caMs,at´ehIy

Na EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgRBHsURtTaMgLay

sáb´rmáab´EmnBit

manCaedImza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvGsg¡tZ(m

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr GñkRKbsg,t´nUvnIvrNZm(:nehIy kñúg

dl´GñkTaMgLaypg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvsc©Zm(pg tzaKt nwg

xN;CamYyKña

edayGMNacénn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy

sMEdgnUveRtIyKWRBHniBVanpg

GnusStimun

manBuTÆanusSti

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlstV

>

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgsm&yenaH

Gg<QanTaMgLay

CaedImhñwgÉg

.

rEmgekIt

kñúg

EteRBaHPav;

eXIj:nedaykRmBn´eBkpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμan

énóbsmKuNTaMgLayCaKuNd*RCaleRCA ßza eRBaHPav;éncitþ

esckþIcas´RKaMRKapg

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdleT[gTat´pg

begÁaneTAkñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>Kña Qan

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμandMeNIryWtyUrpg tzaKt nwg

enH eTIbCaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

sMEdgZm(Edlminsøab´pg

QanenHenaH

tzaKt

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgZm(CaTIsRmanþpg

rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za

²óbsmanusSti³ hñwgÉg

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*ekSmpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(Edl

eRBaHekIteLIg edayGMNacénkiriyarlwker]y>nUvóbsmKuN .

minZøab´manpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minmanesckþIGnþraypg

ÉóbsmanusStienH

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minBüa:Tpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*

dUcCaqGnusStiEdr . kalebImanehtudUecñaH sUm|IbuzuC¢n GñkZán´

brisuTÆpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(CaTIBwgpg tzaKt nwgsMEdg

kñúgóbsm; k*KYreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvóbsmanusStiEdr . eRBaHza

nUvZm(CaTIkarBarpg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZ(m

sUm|IedayGMNacénkarsþab´ citþ k*rEmgRCHzøakúñgóbsm;:n .

CaTIBYn dl´GñkTaMgLaypg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|Irlwk er]y> edayGMNacénKuNTaMgLayenaHÉg dUcKña:nEdr .

‘GanisgSóbsmanusSti’ kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

rlwker]y>

rEmgseRmc

dl´RBHGriysav&kEtbu¨eNÑaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvóbsmanusStienH rEmgedklk´ Casux

P\ak´eLIgk*Casux

CaGñkman«®nÞIy¾sáb´rmáab´

CaGñkman

citþsáb´esá{m CaGñkRbkbRBmedayhiri nig Otþb|; CaGñknaMmk

nUvesckþIsáb´rmáab´

nUvesckþIRCHzøa

CaGñkmancitþbegÁaneTA

kñúgZm(d*RbNIt

CaGñk

edayGMNacénKuN manZm(sMrab´benÞabg´ nUvesckþIRsvwgCaedIm

KYreKarB nig CaGñkKYrsresIr énsRBhμcarITaMgLay mYyeT[t

y¨agenH

ebIminTan´:ncak´ZøúHnUvZm(d*éRkElgeT CaGñkmansuKtiRbRBwtþeTA

1-

kñúgsm&yenaH

suÇ sMÇ sÇ

citþ

minRtUvraK;caMs,at´ehIy

PaKTI 36 TMB&rTI 366-373 .

minRtUv

kñúgxagmux .


visuTÆimK< ERb

147

emtþaRBhμvihar

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg bNÐit GñkmanR:C\aCaeRK]g

BicarNa Kb|ICaGñkminRbmaT cMerInnUvsti kñúg óbsm;d*RbesIr

EdlmanGanisgSeRcIn

y¨ag

enH dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgóbsmanusSti . briecäT TI8 eQμaH GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyarIkrayénsaZuCn dUcBN(namkenHÉg . v

v

v

RBhμviharnieTÞs

148

muTita

‘178’

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enH KW emtþa kruNa

óebk¡a

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy

énGnusStikmμdðan

RBHeyaKavcr

EdlCaGaTikmμik;

kñúglMdab´ GñkR:zña

edIm|IcMerInnUvemtþa Kb|IcUleTApþac´bg´nUvblieBaZ er[nnUvkmμdðan eZVIPtþkic©ehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyo:nRsYl elIGasn;EdlbuK<lRkallÁehIy kñúgRbeTsd*sáat´ BicarNa nUveTas kúñgeTas; nig GanisgS kñúgesckþIGt´Zn´ Camun . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI / .

eqøIyza eRBaHRBHeyaKIKb|IlH

bg´eTas;:n nig Kb|I:nxnþI edayPavnaenH . ÉRBHeyaKI min GacedIm|IlHbg´ nUveTasEdlxøÜnmin:neXIjehIyNamYy ßk* edIm|I:nnUvGanisgS EdlxøÜnmindwgc|as´ehIyNamYy:neT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeXIjeTas kñúgeTas; edayGMNac énRBHsURtTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²mñalGavuesa buK<lRtUveTas; RbTUsþehIy

RtUveTas;RKbsg,t´ehIy

CaGñkmancitþRkhl´

RkhayehIyedayeTas; rEmgsmøab´stVmanCIvit:n³ dUecñH . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCabGanisgS kñúgxnþI edayGMNacén RBH:LITaMgLay manCaedIm za ;

²xnþIKWesckþIGt´Zn´ Catb; d*éRkElg RBHBuTÆTaMg Lay RTg´Rtas´nUvRBHniBVanza CaZmμCatd*ótþm tzaKt ehAnUvbuK<lGñkmanxnþICakMLaMg

Gñkman


visuTÆimK< ERb

149

kMLaMg KWxnþI CakgB&T za CaRBahμN¾ RbeyaCn¾ d*éRkElgCagxnþI minmaneLIy³ .

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IR:rBÆkarcMerInemtþa edIm|ICa RbeyaCn¾dl´kareZVIcitþ o:nsáat´cakeTas; EdlmaneTas KW xøÜneXIjehIy nig edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karcgnUvcitþ kñúgxnþIEdl manGanisgS KWxøÜn:ndwgc|as´ehIy y¨agenHÉg .

‘buK<lEdlCaeTasdl´Pavna’ k*ÉRBHeyaKI kalcab´epþIm Kb|IdwgbuK<lCaeTas GMBIxag edImsin za ²RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa Camun kñúgbuK<lTaMg LayenHeT minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lTaMgLayenHEmnBit³ . BitEmnehIy emtþaenH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerIn CadMbUg kñúgbuK<l TaMgLay 4 enH KW buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´ 1 buK<lEdlCa sMLaj´EdlRsLaj´éRkeBk 1 buK<lCakNþal 1 buK<lEdl maneB[r 1

minRtUvcMerInemtþa edaycMeBaHbuK<lEdlmanePTCa

sRtUvnwgKña minRtUvcMerInesaHkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa Ca dMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . eqøIyza eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lEdlminCa TIRsLaj´ kñúgkEnøgCaTIRsLaj´rEmglM:k kaltMkl´sMLaj´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lEdlCakNþal rEmg lM:k

k*kalebIesckþITuk¡ sUm|ImanRbmaNtic ekIteLIgehIy

150

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

k*CaGñkdl´ehIynUvGakar;KWkarERskyMk*:n

kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lCakNþal> kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lCaRKU nig kñúg kEnøgénbuK<lEdlRsLaj´

rEmglM:k

kalRBHeyaKI

rMlwk

dl´buK<lEdlmaneB[r esckþIeRkaZ k*rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa CadMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay man buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedImeLIy . cMENkÉ

kñúgbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña

kalRBH

eyaKI cMerInedaycMeBaH R:rBÆnUvbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña enaHÉg raK; rEmgekIteLIg . :n»za buRtrbs´Gamatümñak´ sYrRBHezr; EdlCaCItunza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn etIbuK<l KYrcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEbbNa/³ . RBHezr; eqøIyza ²kñúgbuK<l EdlCaTIRsLaj´³ .

k*Priyarbs´xøÜn CaTIRsLaj´ énGamatü

enaH . GamatüenaH k*cMerInemtþacMeBaHPriyaenaH eZVIkarRbyuTÆCa mYynwgCJ¢aMg rhUtraRtITaMgBYg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI min RtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEdlmanePTCasRtUvnwgKñaeT . cMENkkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy cMerIn ‘emtþa’ k*rEmgmindl´nUvGb|na

kalRBHeyaKI

mindl´nUvóbcar;eLIy .

:n»mkza Pikú¡kMeLaHmYyrUb R:rBÆnUvGacarü eTIbepþImnUvemtþa . emtþa rbs´Pikú¡enaH RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy . Pikú¡enaH eTAkan´ sMNak´RBHmhaezr;ehIysYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn kar cUlemtþaQan

rbs´x\úMm©as´

CaZmμCatsÞat´BitEmn

bu¨Enþx\úMm©as´

minGacedIm|IcUlemtþaQansmabtþienaH:neT etIeRBaHehtuGVI³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

151

152

RBhμviharnieTÞs

RBHezr; eqøIyza ²mñalGavuesa cUrelakEsVgrknUvnimitþ³ . Pikú¡

GtþPaB

enaH kalEsVgrk ‘nUvnimitþ’ dwgzaGacarüeZVIkalkiriyaehIy k*

rkSaxøÜncuH ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedImkþI BaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

cMerInemtþa R:rBÆGñkdéT ehIyk*:nsMercsmabtþi . eRBaHehtu

Rtas´ehIy kñúgemtþsURt za ²sUmstVTaMgGs´ manesckþIsux

enaH

ß manesckþIekSm sUmmanxøÜndl´nUvesckþIsux ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCa

RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<leZVIkalkiriyaeLIy .

‘cMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜnÉgCamun’

kMuomaneB[r

kMuomanBüa:T

kuMbImanTuk¡

manEtsux

edImkþIç BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH rEmgxus eRBaHkñúgBaküenaH

Etza munCagCnTaMgGs´ RBHeyaKI Kb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜn

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn ‘emtþa’ kñúgxøÜn³ dUecñH .

Ég Caer]y> y¨agenH za ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkdl´ehIynUv

Kb|IeqøIyza ; BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH minxusGVIeT .

esckþIsux kMubImanTuk¡eLIy³ ßza ²GatμaGj cUrCaGñkminman

eRBaHehtuGVI /

eB[r minmanBüa:T minmanesckþITuk¡ manesckþIsux rkSanUvxøÜn³

edayGMNacénGb|na BaküpSayemtþa kñúgxøÜnmanCaGaTi¾za ²sUm

dUecñHk*:n .

oGatμaGj:nesckþIsux³ dUecñHenH KWx\úM:neBalehIy eday

ebImanBaküsYrza ; kalebImanehtuy¨agenH BaküÉNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za

²mñalPikú¡TaMg

eRBaHBaküenaH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

GMNacPav;énxøÜnCabnÞal´ .

EmnBitRbsinebIRBHeyaKI cMerInnUv

emtþa kúñgxøÜn tamn&yza ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkmanesckþIsux³

Lay cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayemtþa pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 etIdUc

dUecñHCaedImkþI Gs´kal 100 qñaM ß 1ç000 qñaM

emþc . buK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIeBjcitþ

ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH:neT . bu¨EnþkalRBHeyaKIenaHcMerIn

Kb|IpSayemtþa y¨agNamij Pikú¡ rEmgpSayemtþacitþ cMeBaHBYk

‘emtþa kñúgxøÜn’ za ²sUmoGatμaGj manesckþIsux³ dUecñHCaedIm

stVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg‘1’ ³ dUecñHkþI BaküNaEdlRBHsarIbuRt

PaBénxøÜnCaGñkR:zñanUvesckþIsux kñúgBYkstVdéT rEmgekIteLIg

eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ²emtþaecetavimutþi pSayedayminman

eRBaHeZVIxøÜn oCabnÞal´za GatμaGj cg´:nnUvesckþIsux sÁb´

cMENk edayGakar 5 etIdUcemþc /

KW pSayedayemtþacitþza

ex¬ImesckþITuk¡ cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nnUvesckþIsøab´eT

sUmstVTaMgGs´ kMuomaneB[r kMuomanBüa:T kuMbImanTuk¡ man

y¨agNa ÉBBYkstVdéT k*cg´:nesckþIsux sÁb´ex¬ImesckþITuk¡

Etsux rkSaxøÜncuHç sUmstVmanCIvitTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVekItehIy

cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nesckþIsøab´ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

TaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmbuK<lTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVTaMgGs´ Edlrab´zaman 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 313 .

mYyeT[t 1–

Gb|na k*min

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

suÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 . 2– suÇ xuÇ xuTÞk:fÇ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

153

RBhμviharnieTÞs

rYmEdncUlKña’ kñúglMdab´GMBIbuK<l manGacarüCaedImenaHmk Kb|I

buK<l mancitþrMBwgKit sBVTis rEmgrkmineXIj nUv bu K<lCaTIRsLaj´ CagxøÜ n

154 cMerInemtþa

kñú gTIN amY y eT

cMeBaHbuK<lCasMLaj´EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

xøÜneTIbCaTIRsLaj´eRcInCagbuK<ldéT y¨agenaH

buK<lCasMLaj´

Kb|Ieb[teb[nbuK<ldéTeLIy

RBHeyaKavcrcMerIn Kb|IeZVInUvcitþTn´oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúgcMENk

‘1’ dUecñH

mYy> ehIyKb|IRbmUlmk kñúgbuK<lCalMdab´KñaenaH > .

RTg´sMEdgehIynUvn&yenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IpSayemtþacMeBaHxøÜn Ca dMbUg edIm|IPaBCabnÞal´ kñúglMdab´enaH edIm|IjúaMgemtþaPavna o buK<lNaEdlCaTIRsLaj´

CaTIKab´citþ

CaTIeKarB nig CaTIsresIr CaGacarü ß ßza RbEhlGacarü CaóbCÄay¾ ß ßza RbEhlóbCÄay¾ énRBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IrB\k nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIRsLaj´ mankaro nig kareBalnUvBakü CaTIRsLaj´CaedIm nig nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIeKarB nig CaTI sresIr mansIl nig sut;CaedIm énbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ man GacarüCaedImenaH ehIycMerInemtþa tamn&yCaedImza ²sb|úrsnu@H cUrCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux cUrCaGñkminmanTuk¡³ . k* ‘kal cMerIneTA’ cMeBaHbuK<lEbbenH Gb|na rEmgseRmc edayBit .

‘cMerInemtþa rYmextþEdn’ ebIRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enH ehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHeT

mindl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

ehIycg´ edIm|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT

1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 207 .

cMeBaHbuK<lCa

kNþal GMBIbuK<lCakNþal cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r . k*kal

Ég eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlRsLaj´xøÜn min

RbRBwtþeTAedayRsYl

EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

GMBI

eday ‘kar

cMENkRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡Na

minmanbuK<lGñkmaneB[rkþI

sUm|IkalebIbuK<ldéTeZVInUvesckþIvinaso esckþIsMKal´za Ca GñkmaneB[rhñwgÉg

k*minekIteLIg

edayCatiCamhaburskþI

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkRbkb

RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enaH

minKb|IeZVIsUm|I

nUvesckþIxVl´xVay za ²emtþacitþ rbs´Gj kñúgbuK<lCakNþal CacitþKYrdl´Pavnakmμ «LÚvenH GatμaGj RbmUlmk nUvemtþacitþ enaH cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r³ dUecñHeLIy . cMENkxagbuK<lGñk maneB[r mandl´RBHeyaKINa Baküza ²RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

GMBIbuK<lCakNþal³

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´sMedAykRBHeyaKIenaH .

‘TUnμanxøÜneBlekItbdiX;’

‘n&yTI1 rlwkdl´eTasénesckþIeRkaZ’ k*RbsinebIkalRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlcitþmk cMeBaHbuK<l GñkmaneB[r bdiX; ‘esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ’ rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHkar rlwker]y>

nUvkMhusEdlbuK<lGñkmaneB[renaHeZVIehIy

ebImanRbkardUecñaH

RBHeyaKIenaH

kalCYbnUvemtþa

kal

cMeBaHbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

155

156

RBhμviharnieTÞs

NamYy kñúgcMeNambuK<lmankñúgkalmunTaMgLayer]y> ecj

‘179’ ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm( 7 y¨agenH CaTIeRtkGr

ehIypSayemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lenaHer]y> Kb|IbenÞabg´nUvbdiX; .

énsRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl

RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKI Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH bdiX;

manesckþIeRkaZ . Zm( 7 y¨agenH etIdUcemþc . mñalPikú¡TaMg

enAEtminrlt´ ebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|IBüayam edIm|I

Lay sRtUvkñúgelakenH rEmgR:zñanUvehtu y¨agenH dl´sRtUv

lHbg´nUvbdiX; edaykarrlwker]y> nUvRBHOvaTTaMgLay man

za Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH manvNÑ;GaRkk´ . er]genaHeRBaHehtuGVI

RBHOvaTEdleRb[beZ[bedayrNarCaedImcuH .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay sRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´sRtUv eRBaHvNÑ;

k*RBHeyaKIenaHkalTUnμannUvxøÜnenaH Kb|ITUnμanedayGakar

eT

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bursbuK<lenH ‘kalebI’ manesckþIeRkaZ

enHer]y> za mñalbursGñkeRkaZcéRg ERkgRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy

Rtas´ehIy za ;

bursbuK<lenaH TukCalabRsLablÁ :nekarsk´ nwg Bukmat´

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

ebIBYkecar EdlRbRBwtþ

manesckþIeRkaZ

rYbrwtehIy

GaRkk´ naMKñaGarGvyv;tUcZM rbs´GñkTaMgLay edayrNarEdl

ehIyesø{ksMBt´manBN(-s

mandgTaMgsgxag Pikú¡NamYy júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHecarTaMg

enaH eQμaHza manvNÑ;GaRkk´ CaGñkmanesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´

Gm|alenaH

Pikú¡enaH

mineQμaHza

CaGñkeZVItamsasna

rbs´

tzaKt edaykarminGt´sg,t´enaHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ; ²GñkNa

eRkaZtb

nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZehIy

k*BitEmnehIy

bu¨EnþbursbuK<l

ehIy . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay enHehAza Zm(TI1 CaTIeRtkGr én sRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl manesckþIeRkaZ . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay mYyeT[t sRtUv rEmg

GñkenaHÉgnwgmanesckþIGaRkk´ eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ

R:zñanUvehtuy¨agenH dl´sRtUvza Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH edkCa

enaHÉg ÉbuK<lmineRkaZtb nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZ

Tuk¡ .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenHkMumanRbeyaCn¾eRcIneLIy .l.

ehIy rEmgQñHnUvs®g<am EdleKQñH:neday

Ohñ@

kRm GñkNadwgzaGñkdéTeRkaZnwgxøÜn CaGñkman

buK<lenH kMumanyseLIy .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH kMuman

sμartI rmáab´esckþIeRkaZ:n GñkenaH eQμaHza CaGñkRbRBwtþnUvRbyaCn¾ dl´CnTaMg 2 nak´ KW xøÜn nig GñkdéT

‘2’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI21 TMB&rTI24 . 2– suÇ PaKTI30 TMB&rTI89 .

sUmobuK<lenH

miRteLIy

.l.

kMumanePaK;eLIy

.l.

luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

enH cUleTAkan´suKti sYK( eTvelakeLIy . ehtuGIV .

Ohñ@

sUmo

sUmkMuobuK<l er]genaH eRBaH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRBaHsRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´

sRtUv edaydMeNIreTAkan´suKtieT mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bu¨Enþburs-


visuTÆimK< ERb

157

158

RBhμviharnieTÞs

buK<lenH manesckþIeRkaZ manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy man

enaH sáb´rmáab´ karsáb´rmáab´:ny¨agenH CakarRbéB ebIbdiX;

esckþIeRkaZrYbrwtehIy k*RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaykay RbRBwtþTuc©rit

enaH minsáb´rmáab´eT tGMBIenaHeTA Zm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Ca

edayvaca RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaycitþ . luHbuK<lEdlmanesckþI

Zm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(d*brisuTÆlÁ kalrlwker]y>eTA k*rEmgnaMmk

eRkaZRKbsg,t´enaH RbRBwtþTuc©ritedaykay vaca edaycitþehIy

nUvesckþIRCHzøa RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwknUvZm(enaH> er]y> ehIy

EbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

benÞabg´nUvbdiX;:n .

k*rEmgeTAekIt

kñúgtircäan

eRbt

Gsurkay nrk ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

EmnBit kaysmacarhñwgÉg énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRb[bdUcGg,t´óssMrab´dutexμac Edl

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . ÉPaBénkaysmacar rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH sáb´

rEmg

rmáab´ehIy kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvvtþ nig esckþIRbtibtþieRcIn

minseRmcCaós kñúgRsuk:n TaMgminseRmcCaós kñúgéRB:n

KWCnTaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . cMENkvcIsmacar nig menasmacar

manóbmay¨agNamij mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘buK<lNa CaGñkmin

CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvvcIsmacar nig

RbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾xøÜn TaMgminRbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GñkdéT’

menasmacarTaMgenaH rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkar

tzaKteBalza bursbuK<lenH manóbemyüy¨agenaHEdr ‘2’³ .

sáb´rmáab´énkaysmacar Etbu¨eNÑaH .

ePøIgeqHrnÞalTaMgsgxag

manlamkRbLak´Rtg´kNþal

kñúgkal«LÚvenH GñkenaH kaleRkaZy¨agenH nwgmin:n

vcIsmacarEtmüa¨g énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;sáb´rmáab´

eQμaHza CaGñkeZVItamBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKpg

ehIy . ÉPaBénvcIsmacar énbuK<lBYkxøHenaHsáb´rmáab´ KWCn

EmnBit

k*CaGñkGaRkk´Cag

TaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . eRBaHzatamRbRktI buK<lenaHCaGñkqøatév

CaGñkQñHnUvs®g<am

kñúgbdisNðar;pg CaGñkKYrRsLaj´pg CaGñkeBalRsYlsþab´

kaleRkaZtb

bursEdleRkaZehIy

‘nwgGñkEdleRkaZ’ nwgmin:neQμaHza

EdleKQñH:nedaylM:kpg

nwg:neQμaHza

CaGñkeZVInUvZ(m

pg

CaGñkrYsraypg

CaGñkmanmuxRss´bs´pg

CaGñkeBal

EdlsRtUveZVIodl´sRtUv dl´xøÜn edayxøÜnÉgpg nwgeQμaHza

munpg sURtnUvZm( edaysMeLgd*BieraH sMEdgnUvZmμkza eday

CaGñkeRb[bdUcCaGg,t´ós sMrab´dutexμacpg³ dUecñH .

bT nig BüJ¢n;TaMgLayd*RtwmRtUv . cMENkkaysmacar nig

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI2 nwkdl´esckþIlÁrbs´eK’

menasmacar minsáb´rmáab´eT . RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvkay-

kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbwgERbgBüayam y¨agenH

smacar nig menasmacar rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y>

1- GMÇ sÇ PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 172 .

ebIbdiX;

2- PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 235 .

nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énvcIsmacarEtbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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160

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manmenasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ sáb´rmáab´ ehIy

.

ÉPaBénmenasmacar

énbuK<lBYkxøHenaH

sáb´rmáab´

ehIy rEmgR:kd dl´CnTaMgGs´ kñúgTITaMgLay mankarcUl

RBhμviharnieTÞs sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manZm(TaMg 3 enH sáb´rmáab´ehIy RBH

eyaKIR:zñanUvZm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvZ(m enaH> cuH .

eTAzVaybg<MRBHectiyCaedIm . EmnBit buK<lNa CaGñkmancitþ

mYyeT[t edIm|IsMEdgoc|as´nUvesckþIenHza ²emtþaPavna

minsáb´rmáab´ehIy buK<lenaH kalzVaybgM<nUvRBHectiykþI nUvedIm

CaZmμCati minEmnEdlbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUecñH eZVI:n eday

eBaZiRBwkSkþI nUvRBHezr;TaMgLaykþI minzVaybgM<edayeKarBeT Ca

kRmeT³ dUecñH GaXatb|divinysURt kñúgbJ©kni:tenHza ²mñal

GñkGg<úymancitþrevIrvayxøH Gg<úyegakgk´xøH kñúgmNÐlCaTIsþab´

Gavuesa KMnuMekIteLIgdl´Pikú¡ Pikú¡RtUvkMcat´bg´ edayRbkarTaMgBYg

nUvZm(

eRBaHGaXatb|divin&yNa GaXatb|divin&yenHman 5 y¨ag ‘1’ ³

.

cMENkbuK<lGñkmancitþsáb´rmáab´ehIy

zVaybgM<edayeKarB

eC]Cak´ehIy

CaGñkmanRtec[kepÞ{gsþab´ehIy

eZVIioCa

RbeyaCn¾ kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRCHzøaéncitþ edaykay

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH menasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ CasPav;sáb´ rmáab´ehIy dUcEzøgmkenHÉgç kaysmacar nig vcIsmacarTaMg CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT

bNÐitKb|IeZVIoBisþarpgcuH .

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI3 esckþIeRkaZeZVITuk¡oxøÜnÉg’ k*RbsinNaebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH

xøH edayvacaxøH eTIbsþab´Zm( .

Lay

dUecñH

RBHeyaKI

minKb|IKitnUvkay-

smacar nig vcIsmacarTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énmenasmacarEtmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy . sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH bNþaZm(TaMg 3 enH sUm|IZm(mYy k* minsáb´rmáab´Edr RBHeyaKI Kb|ItMkl´esckþIGaNit kñúgbuK<lenaH

esckþIKMnuM enAEtekIteLIgdEdl kalebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨agenH za ;

‘1’ zaebIbuK<lmaneB[r eZVIesckþITuk¡dl´Gñk kñúg ragkayrbs´xøÜn cuHehtuGVI k*GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUv esckþITuk¡

kñúgcitþrbs´xøÜn

EdlminEmnCakay

rbs´eKeTAvijç

‘2’ GñklHbg´ehIynUvmatabita Gñkmanóbkar;

za ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH buK<lenH Rtac´eTA kñúgmnusSelak k*Bit

eRcIn nig BYkjati manmuxkMBugEtERskyM ehtu

EmnehIy k*bu¨Enþza edayGMeNIHBIrbIézáeTA buK<lenH nwgCaGñk

GVI minlHbg´nUvesckþIeRkaZ EdlCasRtUv GñkeZVI

bMeBj nUvmhanrk 8 reNþApg nig ósSúTnrk 16 pg³ . d|itza esckþIKMnMu rEmgsáb´rmáab´ eRBaHGaRs&ynUvkruNa .

nUvGMeBIEdlminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾d*ZMç 1-

suÇ GMÇ bÇ

PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 114 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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162

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘3’ GñkminsmebI enAEtObRkesabesckþIeRkaZ

ehIy eRBaHPav;énZm(TaMgLayCasPav;RbRBwtþeTA

GñkrkSaenaH sUmsYrbnþic GñkNaláIeláI R:kdesμI

GñkNaeT[t kñúgTIenHç

‘4’ GñkeRkaZza kmμminRbesIr EdlbuK<ldéT:n

nUvbuK<lenaHecj buK<lenaH Kb|IeZVInUvesckþITuk¡

dUecñaH edayxøÜnÉgeTAvijç

xøÜnÉgEmnBit eRBaHehtudUcemþc k*GñkenAEteRkaZ

EdlCaeRK]gkat´bg´ nUvb\sénsIlTaMgLayEdl

kñúgxN; kñúgkal«LÚvenH etIGñkenAeRkaZxwgnwg

edayGñkç

‘10’ buK<lNaeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´buK<lNa ev[r

eZVIehIy y¨agNahñ@ GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvkmμR:kd

dl´buK<lNa xøÜnGñkCaehtu énesckþITuk¡ eday

‘5’ ebIbuK<ldéTmanbMNgcg´eZVIoGñkxwg :neZVI

xwgnwgeKeT[t .

nUvesckþIminKab´citþo

emþck*GñkjúaMgmenarzrbs´

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI4 BicarNakmμrbs´xøÜn’

eKoeBj edaykarjúaMgkMhwgoekIteLIgenaHç

‘6’ k*ZmμtaGñkeRkaZehIy nwgeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´ eK ß mineZVI Et«LÚvenHÉg Gñkeb[teb[n nUvxøÜn Ég edayekaZTuk¡ ‘Tuk¡eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ’ç

‘7’ müa¨geT[t ebIBYkGñkmaneB[r eLIgehIykan´ pøÚvminCaRbeyaCn¾ KWesckþIeRkaZ ehtuemþcTaMgGñk k*xwg yktMrab´tambuK<lBYkenaHeTAvijç

‘8’ sRtUvGaRs&ynUvkarxwgNarbs´Gñk eZVInUvGMeBI minCaTIRsLaj´ cUrGñkkat´ecal nUvesckþIxwgenaH eTA dUcemþck*GñkenAEtekþARkhay kñúgGMeBIEdlmin smKYreZVIGIVeT[tç

‘9’ sRtUv:neZVIGMeBIminCaTIKab´citþdl´Gñk eday xnÆTaMgLayNa xnÆTaMgLayenaH k*rlt´:t´eTA

‘180’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaHsUm|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨ag enH bdiX; enAEtminsáb´rmáab´hñwgÉgç kalebIy¨agenH RBHeyaKI enH Kb|IBicarNarnUvPaBénxøÜnpg énbuK<ldéTpg za CaGñkman kmμCarbs´xøÜn .

bNþaxøÜn nig buK<ldéTTaMgenaH RBHeyaKIKb|I

BicarNa ‘kmμ’ rbs´xøÜnÉg Camun y¨agenH za ²mñalGñkd*cMerIn GñkeRkaZxwgehIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH

GñknwgeZVInUvGVI

ERkgkmμenaH

maneTasCaehtu nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´Gñk eTß eRBaHza Gñk CaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k CaGñkmankmμCakMeNIt

CaGñkmankmμCaepABgS

CaGñkmankmμCa

TIBwgGaRs&y GñknwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñkTTYlyknUvrgVan´ én kmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t kmμenH minGacjúaMgsmμasem¬aZiJ¦aN o

sMerc dl´Gñk:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi‘J¦aN’ osMeRmc eT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmiosMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNa-


visuTÆimK< ERb

163

164

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaBénxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ

buK<lenaH oXøakcakRBHsasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l man

CaesþccRkBtþi

dl´

buK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúg

Gñk:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMgGñkoXøakcakRBH

nrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´buK<lenaHç buK<enaHÉg kaleZVInUv

sasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l manbuK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig

kmμenH eQμaHza erayraynUv ‘eTas’ dl´xøÜnÉg eRb[bdUcCa

júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúgnrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´

burs GñkQrenA kñúgTIRcasxül´ ehIyR:zñaerayray nUvbuK<l

Gñkç GñkenaH kaleZVInUvkmμenH eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig

déT edayZUlI dUecñaHÉg . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ za ;

nig

CaesþckñúgRbeTsCaedIm

oseRmc

eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉg omankøinsÁúy dUcCabursGñkR:zña edIm|Icab´ nUvregIkePøIgTaMgLay EdlR:scakGNþatkþI nUvlamkkþI eday édTaMg 2 ehIyRbharnUvbuK<ldéT eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉgomankøinsÁúy y¨agenaHEdr . RBHeyaKI luHBicarNa nUvPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmankmμCarbs´ xøÜn y¨agenHehIy Kb|IBicarNa nUvPaBénbuK<ldéTCaGñkmankmμ Carbs´xøÜn y¨agenH za ²sUm|IbuK<lenaH xwgcMeBaHGñkehIy nwg eZVInUvGVI ERkgkmμenaH nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´ buK<ln@uHÉg

eRBaHza

elakGñkd*manGayuenH

CaGñkmankmμCa

rbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k .l. nwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñk TTYlyknUvrgVan´énkmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t

kmμenH

minGacjúaMg

smμasem¬aZiJ¦aN osMercdl´eK:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi ‘J¦aN’ oseRmc:neT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmi osMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNamYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaB énxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ CaesþccRkBtþi nig CaesþckñúgRbeTs CaedIm oseRmcdl´eK:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMg

buK<lBalNa RbTUsþcMeBaHCn EdlminRbTUsþ CabursbrisuTÆ

minmankielsdUcCaTITYl

:b

rEmgRtLb´mkRtUvbuK<lBalenaHvij dUcCaZUlId* lÁit EdlbuK<l:cRcasxül´> k*RtLb´mkRtUv Gñk:cenaHvij

‘1’

.

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI5 BicarNadl´buBVcriyarbs´RBHBuTÆ’ ‘181’ k*RbsinebI RBHeyaKIenaH BicarNa nUvkmμsSkta y¨agenHehIy bdiX; k*enAEtminsáb´rmáab´dEdl kalebIy¨ag enH RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IBicarNa nUvKuNCacMENk énbuBVcriya rbs´RBHsasþavijmþg . enHCan&yénkarBicarNa kñúgbuBVcriya KuNrbs´RBHsasþaenaH za ²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn RBHsasþarbs´Gñk minTan´:nRtas´dwg kñúgkalmunGMBIsem¬aZism&y sUm|IenACaRBH eBaZistVenAeLIy kalbMeBjRBH:rmI Gs´ 4 Gseg¡ykMérmYy Esnkb| k*minjúaMgcitþRbTUsþcMeBaHbuK<lTaMgLayCasRtUvsUm|I 1- suÇ sMÇ sÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 92 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

165

CaGñksmøab´ kñúgCatiTaMgLayenaH>k*eday er]genHdUcemþcxøH/ .

‘sIlvCatk’

166

RBhμviharnieTÞs er]gkñúgxnþivaTICatk

xnþivaTItabseBaZistV

kalebIRBH

raCa ‘klaBu’ EdnkasI RTg´manR:C\aTn´exSay RTg´Rtas´sYrza

bNÐitKb|IRCaber]g kñúgsIlvCatk munsin RBHsIlv-

²EnsmN; etIGñkmanvaTIdUcemþc³ dUecñH k*eqøIyza ²Gatμa eQμaH

eBaZistV kalRBHraCaEdlCasRtUv KWGamatü:b EdlRbTUsþ

za xnþivaTI³ dUecñH RtUvvayedayepþATaMgbnøaehIy kat´éd nig eCIg

ehIy cMeBaHRBHeTvIrbs´RBHGg< naMykmkehIy deNþImyknUv

ecalk*eday k*min:neZVIsUm|InUvehtuRtwmEtkareRkaZxwgeLIy .

GaNaextþ Gs´TI300 eyaCn¾ k*min:noBYkGamatüEdleRkak

karEdlxnþivaTItabs EdlCaZM cUlkan´pñÜsehIy Kb|I

eLIg edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karkarBar cab´Bal´sUm|InUvGavuZeLIy RtUvRBHraCaCasRtUv

mYyGenøIedayGamatümYyBan´

k*mineZVIsUm|IRtwmEtkarjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ

RTg´eZVIkar

Büayamrbs´bursehIy k*:nmanCIvitmkvij eRBaHGaRs&ynUv Eq,cckTaMgLayEdlmkkkayGacm¾dIsIunUvsasB RTg´cuHehIy kñúgbnÞb´d*mansirIrbs´xøÜn

edayGanuPaBénykS

EdledkehIyelIdMeNkd*mansirI

eXIjnUvsRtUv

mineZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgesaH

eZVInUvkars|zEs|KñaeTAvijeTAmk k*:nEtgtaMgnUvsRtUvenaH kñúg tMENgdUcCamiRt ehIyRtas´za ;

bursCabNÐit RtUvEtbu¨nb¨gomutmaM minRtUven]y NayeLIy

eyIgeXIjnUvxøÜneyIgRsab´ehIy

eyIgR:zña y¨agNa k*:ny¨agenaH

‘xnþivaTiCatk’ 1- suÇ xuÇ CaÇ PaKTI 58 TMB&rTI 23 .

‘1’

.

‘cULZmμ:lCatk’

CIknUvEpndI

RbmaNRtwm-k ehIykb´ecal kñúgéRBsμsan CaTIecalnUvexμac Rss´eT[t

eZVI:ny¨agenH nu@H minCakarGs©arüNas´NaeT .

Gm|aly¨agkñúgcULZmμ:lCatk Zmμ:lkumareBaZistV sUm|ICaGñkenAedkpáar kalRBHmataRTg´RBHBilab y¨agenHza ;

bBiRtRBHsmμtieTB

edImédTaMgLay

Edllab

ln´ehIy edayrsénxøwmcnÞn¾ énZmμ:l GñkCa TayaT EpndIdac´ CIvit rbs´xM\úm©as´k*nwgrlt´eTA r

dUecñH RtUvRBHraCaRBHnammhabtab;Cabita Rtas´bJ¢a oeKkat´ éd nig eCIgTaMg 4 dUcCakg´énb\sSIbu¨NÑwgehIy k*enAEtminlμm RBHT&y RTg´Rtas´bg<ab´ ‘eT[t’ za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaykat´nUvk|al rbs´va³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´das´et]nxøÜnza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH enHKWCa kalCaTIpÞj´pÞal´nUvcitþrbs´GñkolÁehIy

mñalZmμ:ld*cMerIn

«LÚvenH GñkcUrCaGñkmancitþesμI cMeBaHbuK<lTaMg 4 nak´enH KW cMeBaHRBHbitaGñkbg<ab´okat´k|al 1 cMeBaHbursGñkkat´k|al1 cMeBaHRBHmata

EdlkMBugEtRTg´xSwkxSÜl 1 cMeBaHxøÜn 1 ³ dUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

167

ehIy RTg´GZidðannUvTL$smaTan‘KWkareZVIcitþesμIorwgmaM’ min:n RTg´eZVIsUm|IRtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsra¨yeLIy . Zmμ:lkumarCamnusSRtLaMg :neZVIehIyy¨agenH eday ehtuNa

ehtunu@H BMuTan´Gs©arüenAeLIyeT .

bu¨nGm|aly¨ag ‘kñúgqTÞnþCatk’ RBHeBaZistVsUm|ICastV tircäan KWCadMrIeQμaHqTÞnþ sUm|IRtUvkUnsrEdlRtaMeehIy eday zñaMBis mutehIy Rtg´p©it k*minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHRBanGñk eZVInUvesckþIvinas smdUcCaRBHGdðkzacarü eBalTukehIy za ;

RtUvRBanéRB:j´ehIy

RBhμviharnieTÞs

sVaenH CaGahar rbs´BYkmnusS dUcCaBYkRmwK déT kñúgéRBEdr ebIdUecñaH GatμaGj XøanehIy Kb|Ismøab´nUvsVaenHsIu GjsIuEqÁtehIy nwgyk nUvsac´Caes|{g

‘qTÞnþCatk’

dMrId*RbesIr

168

edaysrd*

ezøas minmancitþRbTUsþ:nniyaynwgRBanéRBza EnsMLaj´ GñkRtUvkarGVI etIeRBaHehtuGVI:nCaGñk smøab´eyIg müa¨geT[t karRbkbenHrbs´GñkNa dUecñH luHeBaly¨agenHrYcehIy RBanR:b´za ²x\úM CaGñkEdlRBH mehsI énesþckñúgEdnkasI RTg´Rtas´bJ¢Únmk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

ehIynwgedIreTA

nwgqøgnUvpøÚv

qáay es|{grbs´Gjk*manRsab´ dUecñHehIy k*elIkdMuzμehIyTMlayk|al kalRkeLkemIl nUv bursenaH manEPñkTaMgLay eBjehIyedayTwkEPñk eBalza ;

bBiRtelakd*cMerIn elakCaelakm©as´énx\úM eQμaH za elakkMueZVIeLIynUvGMeBIR:kddUcenH KYrCaGñk manGayuEvgKYredIm|IhamXat´nUvCnTaMgLaydéT dUecñHehIy minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ kñúgbursenaH minKitnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´xøÜnesaH

ehIyjúaMgbursenaHÉg

o:ndl´ehIy

nUvPUmi

EdlmanesckþIekSmkSanþ .

‘PUriTtþCatk’

dl´PøúkTaMgLayrbs´Gñk³ dUecñH kaljúaMgmenarz énRBanenaH

‘kñúgPUriTtþCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CanaKraC eQμaHza PUriTtþ

oeBj :noRBankat´PøúkTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn d*PøWepøkdUcCamas

kalGZidðan nUvGg<énóe:szsIlehIy k*edkenAelIk|aldMbUk

Edlruger]gRBmehIyqøúHrsμImanBN( 6 .

kalebIsrIr;TaMgmUl TukCaRtUvRBanRBYsedayOsz

‘mhakbiCatk’ ‘kñúgmhakbiCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CasVad*ZM RtUvbursEdl elIkeLIgehIy GMBIeRCaHPñM edayxøÜnÉg Kity¨agenH za ;

edayePøIgEdltaMgenAGs´kb|

dak´cuHkñúgkMeR:gehIy

R:kdesμI oelg

kñúgsklCm¬ÚTVIb k*min:neZVIehIysUm|IRtwmEtkiriyajúaMgcitþ o RbTUsþ kñúgRBanéRBenaHeLIy smdUcCaelakeBalTuk za ;


visuTÆimK< ERb

x\úMkalGalm¬ay

RckkñúgkMeR:gkþI

169

kaljaMjI

edayEkgeCIgkþI k*mineRkaZxwgEdr eRBaHP&yxøac GMBIkiriyadac´énsIl rbs´eyIg .

CanaKraCeQμaHza

RBhμviharnieTÞs sUm|IkñúgRKaEdlRBHeBaZistV ekItCasg¡:lnaKraC RtUv

kUnRBanéRB 16 nak´ ecaHRskITaMgLay 8 kEnøg edaylMEBg TaMgLayd*mut ehIyrujvløiEdlmanbnøacUleTAtammuxrbYsTaMg Lay RckExSEdlmaM tamRcmuH ehIyEsgGUs edaysERgk

‘cem|yüCatk’ sUm|IRKakalRBHeBaZistV

170

cem|yü;

RtUvhμBs´eb[teb[n k*min:njúaMgsUm|IRtwmEtesckþIRbTUsþéncitþ oekIteLIgEdr smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

hμBs´ cab´nUvGjCaGñkRbRBwtþnUvZm( caMóe:sz ‘naMeTAo’elg eT[bTVarRBHraCvaMg k*kñúgkalenaH hμBs´enaH KitnUvBN(Na KW BN(ex[vkþI B(N el]gkþI BN(RkhmkþI x\úMkalRbRBwtþtamcitþ énhμ Bs´enaH CaGñkeQVgyl´nUvehtuEdlhμBs´enaH KitehIy x\úMKb|IeZVITIeKakoeTACaTITwkk*:n Kb|I eZVITITwkoeTACaTIeKakk*:n RbsinebIx\úMKb|IeRkaZ xwg cMeBaHhμBs´enaH k*x\úMKb|IeZVIhμBs´enaH oeTA CaepH Pøam>k*:n RbsinebIx\úMnwgCaGñkRbRBwtþeTA

manxøÜnb¨HTg<icRtg´épÞénZrNI TTYlnUvesckþITuk¡d*ZMEZg xwgehIy sUm|ICaGñkGac edIm|IeZVInUvkUnRBanéRBTaMgGs´oeTACaepH eday RKan´EtRkeLkemIlbu¨eNÑaH eZμcEPñkehIy min:neZVIehIysUm|I RtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsþ .

smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

bBiRtGLar; x\úMrkSaóe:sz kñúgézáTI14 nig ézá TI 15 Canic© RKaenaH BYkePaCbuRt 16 nak´ kan´nUvExS nig GnÞak´d*maM edIrmk RBanTaMgLay TMlay ‘srIr;’ ykExSxøúsRcmuHehIy EsgnaM ykx\úMeTA x\úMjúaMgóe:sz minokeRmIk xMGt´RTaM nUvesckþITuk¡TaMgenaH . k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´:neZVInUvKuNKYrGs©arü manRbkardUc eBalmkbu¨eNÑH enABMuTan´Gs´eCIgeT RTg´:neZVInUvKuNTaMgLay

kñúgGMNacéncitþ xúM\nwgsabsUnüehIy caksIl

déTeT[t

kalebIx\úMsabsUnücaksIlehIy RbeyaCn¾ d*

e:skCatkCaedImç GMeBIeQμaHza karjúaMgbdiXcitþ oekIteLIg

ótþm nwgminseRmceLIy .

CakarminKYr KW mansPaBminsmKYréRkeBk dl´GñkenaH Edl

‘sg¡:lCatk’

EdlKYroGs©arüCaeRcIn

kñúgCatiTaMgLay

manmatu-

eBalGagnUvRBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH Edlkñúgkal«LÚvenH RTg´ seRmcehIy nUvsBVJ¦útþJ¦aN manxnþICaKuN CaRBHsasþa min


visuTÆimK< ERb manbuK<lNamYy

171

kñúgelakRBmTaMgeTvelakeRb[besμI:neLIy

172

RBhμviharnieTÞs

s®g<amRbek[kKñaTaMgBIrxag sÞúHeTAkñúgsmuRT tamnava nig eZVInUv kargardéTeT[t

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘TUnμanxøÜnn&yTI6 BicarNarkarTak´TgkñúgvdþsgSar’

EdleZVI:nedaylM:k

RbmUlnUvRTBü

eday

ó:yTaMgLayenaH> edayKitza ²GjnwgciJ©wmnUvkUntUc³ dUecñH

‘182’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH sUm|IBicarNa nUv

ehIyciJ©wmnUvGatμaGjç bursenH CabgbÁÚnRbus RsIenH Cabg

RBHKuN KWkiriyaRbRBwtþikñúgxagedIm rbs´RBHsasþa dUcEdl:n

bÁÚnRsI bursenHCakUnRbus nig RsIenHCakUnRsI ‘rbs´GatμaGj’

eBalmky¨agenHç

rbs´RBHeyaKIGñkdl´nUv

k*za:n TaMg:neZVIehIy nUvóbkar;enHpgenaHpg dl´GatμaGj

PaBCax\úMénkielsTaMgLay Gs´raRtIkald*EvgenaH enAEtminTan´

eRBaHehtuenaH karEdlGatμaGj júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHbuK<l

sáb´rmáab´eT[t

TaMgLayenaH minsmKYresaHeLIy³ dUecñH .

esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|IBicarNa

nUvPaB

énsgSar minmanTIbMput . EmnBit kñúgGnmtK<sURtenaH RBHman

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI7 BicarNaGanisgSénemtþa’ ‘183’ k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH enAEtminGac edIm|IrMlt´

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´enH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay stVNa minZøab´ekItCamata stVNa minZøab´ekItCabita stVNa minZøab´

nUvcitþ

ekItCabgbÁÚnRbus stVNa minZøab´ekItCabgbÁÚnRsI stVNa min

GanisgSénemtþa y¨agenHza ²mñalbBVCitd*cMerIn ERkgRBHd*man

Zøab´ekItCakUnRbus stVNaminZøab´ekItCakUnRsI stVenaH eKmin

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za; mñalPikú¡TaMgLay emtþaecetavimutíþ Edl

gayrk:n ‘1’ ³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IjúaMgcitþ oekIt

buK<l:nesB Gb´rM eZVIoeRcIn eZVIodUcCayan eZVIodUcCaTItaMg

eLIg kñúgbuK<lenaH za ²:n»za kñúgkalEdlknøgmkehIy ®sþI

tm,l´maM snSMedaym¨t´ct´ R:rBÆlÁehIy nwgmanGanisgS 11

enH Camatarbs´Gj kalrkSanUvépÞ Gs´ 10 Ex k*minex¬ImeqÁIm

CaR:kd GanisgS 11 etIdUcemþcxøH KW emtþaviharibuK<l rEmg

naMecjmknUvvtæúminsÁatTaMgLaymanmURt krIs Twkmat´ nig Twk

edklk´RsYl 1 P\ak´eLIgk*RsYl 1 minyl´sbþGaRkk´ 1 CaTI

sem|arCaedIm

epþkenAelIRTUg

RsLaj´énmnusSTaMgLay1 CaTIRsLaj´énGmnusSTaMgLay1

Bedayceg,H ciJ©wmehIyç ‘bursenH’ Cabita rbs´Gj kaleTA

BYkeTvtaEtgrkSa 1 ePøIgkþIzñaMBiskþIs®sþavuZkþI rEmgminb¨HBal´1

kan´pøÚvlM:kTaMgLay manpøÚvBEB nig pøÚvkegVrCaedIm RbkbnUv

buK<lenaHtm,l´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s1 mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´1

karCYj lHbg´TaMgCIvit edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gj ehIycUleTAkñúg

minvegVgeZVImrNkal 1 kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT

1- suÇ sMÇ niÇ

dUcCaeKnaMecjnUvxøwmcnÞn¾Rkhm

PaKTI 32 TMB&rTI 101 .

y¨agdUecñH:neT

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenH

Kb|IBicarNa

Kg´:neTAekItenAÉRBhμelak 1 ³ dUecñH zaebIGñkminrMlt´nUvcitþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

173

174

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘TUnμanxøÜncugeRkay eZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan’

enHeT GñknwgenAxageRkAGMBIGanisSTaMgenH .

‘185’ EtebIRBHeyaKIenH minGac edIm|IeZVIkarbMEbkZatu

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI8 eRbIviZIbMEbkZatu’ y¨ag

‘y¨agenH’ :neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan . RBHeyaKI Kb|Io

enH:neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjkZatuç etIRtUveZVIdUcemþc/ KWRtUvTUnμan

vtæúEdlCarbs´xøÜn dl´GñkdéT . Kb|ITTYlyk nUvvtæúrbs´Gñk

xøÜn

cuHGñkkalxwgcMeBaH

déTmk edIm|IxøÜn . k*RbsinebIGñkdéT CaGñkmanGaCIBepSgKña

buK<lenH Gñkxwgdl´GñkNa Gñkxwgdl´sk´TaMgLayß ßzadl´

manbrik¡arminlμmeRbIR:s´ RBHeyaKIRtUvoEtvtæúCarbs´xøÜnvij .

eramTaMgLay RkckTaMgLay .l. Gñkxwgdl´TwkmURtß ßBuM

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH esckþIKMnMu cMeBaHbuK<lenaH rEmg

enaHesat Gñkxwgdl´bfvIZatu kñúgGakarTaMgLaymansk´CaedIm

sáb´rmáab´ edaycMENkmYyEmnBit . cMENkesckþIeRkaZ rbs´

ß Gñkxwgdl´Gae:Zatu eteCaZatu vaeyaZatuß/ müa¨gvijeT[t

RBHeyaKIeRkAenH

elakd*manGayuenH eKehAza maneQμaHy¨agenH eRBaHGaRs&y

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´:n kñúgxN;enaHPøamEdr dUcCaesckþIeRkaZrbs´

nUvxnÆ 5 TaMgLayNa eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGaytn; 12 TaMgLay

RBHmhaezr;Gñk:n:RtehIy EdlRBHezr; GñkRbRBwtþbiNÐ:t

Na eRBaHGaRs&ynUvZatu 16 TaMgLayNaç kñúgbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH

Cavtþ Gñkmanesnasn;enArYcehIy Gs´va;3 dg kñúgvtþeQμaH

etIGñkxwgdl´rUbk¡nÆß ßza Gñkxwgdl´evTnaxnÆÇÇÇsJ¦axnÆÇÇÇsg¡ar

citþlbB(t

k¡nÆÇÇÇnig viJ¦aNk¡nÆç müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ck¡%aytn;ß ßza Gñk

edaytémø 8 khabN; Edló:sikaCamatarbs´x\úMRbeKnehIy

xwgdl´rU:ytn;/

Gñkxwgdl´mnaytn; ß Gñkxwgdl´

CalaPRbkbedayZm( sUmRBHetCHRBHKuNeZVInUvbuJ¦laP dl´

müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡Zatu ß Gñkxwgdl´rUbZatu

mhaó:sikapgcuH³ dUecñH RbeKnehIy sáb´rmáab´y¨agenaHÉg .

Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡viJ¦aNZatu .l. Gñkxwgdl´menaZatu ß xwgdl´

BitEmnehIy ZmμtaTanenH manGanuPaBeRcIny¨agenHÉg smdUc

ZmμZatu ßk*Gñkxwgdl´menaviJ¦aNZatu/³ dUecñH . EmnBitehIy

elakeBalehIy za ;

‘184’

EtebIRBHeyaKI

edayviZIy¨agenHza

Zmμaytn;/ç

.l.

minGacedIm|IeZVIcitþorMlt´

²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvkarbMEbkZatu dUc:neBalmkenH TICaTI taMgenAs)b´énesckþIeRkaZ k*minman dUcCaTItaMgénRKab´és¬ elI EdkEdlRsYc minman nig dUcCaTItaMgénrUbKMnUrBÆd*Gakas min man y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sUm|ICab´tamehIy

eBalza

cab´taMgGMBIGtItCatimk

²bBiRtRBHetCHRBHKuN

:RtenH

TanCaeRK]gTUnμancitþEdlminTan´TUnμanehIy Tan CaeRK]gjúaMgRbeyaCn¾TaMgBYg osMerc:n Cn TaMgLay eRtkRtGalpg zñmcitþpg eRBaHkaro CamYynwgkareBalBaküCaTIRsLaj´ .

Rbkb


visuTÆimK< ERb

175

‘186’ kalRBHeyaKIenaH manesckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ cMeBaH

176

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nUvPikú¡TaMg 3 rUbeLIy³ dUecñHç

sImsemÖT eQμaHza CaEdn

buK<lEdlCasRtUv sáb´rmáab´ edayviZITUnμanxøÜn manRbkarepSg>

KWPikú¡enaH

dUc:nBN(namkenHehIy ‘emtþacitþ EdlRBHeyaKIoRbRBwtþeTA’

RBHeyaKI R:zña ‘oBYkecar’ cab´Pikú¡Na> k*eQμaHza CaGñkmin

kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk buK<lCasMLaj´ nig

EsVgrknUvRbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡enaH> eQμaHza CaGñkEsVgrkEt

buK<lCakNþalTaMgLay y¨agNa citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKI’ rEmg

RbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡déTeTAvij .

RbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacemtþa kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaH y¨agnu@HEdr .

mineXIjsUm|InUvPikú¡mYyrUb kñúgcenøaH énCnTaMg 4 nak´ EdlxøÜn

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit . eRBaHehtuGVI/

. eRBaHza

bu¨Enþ kñúgkalNa RBHeyaKI

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH kaljúaMgemtþaoRbRBwtþeTAer]y>

Kb|Iodl´BYkrecarç citþd*esμIEtmüa¨g rEmgRbRBwtþeTAkñúgxøÜnÉgpg

júaMgPaBéncitþd*esμI kñúgCnTaMg 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<l

kñúgCnTaMg 3 nak´enaHpgç kñúgkalenaH sImsemÖT eQμaHza Ca

CaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lEdlCasRtUv 1

EdnKWRBHeyaKIenaHeZIVehIy dUecñHÉg .

odl´RBm Kb|IeZVICasImsemÖT ‘karrYmEdncUlKña’ . enHKWCa

buraNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

lk¡N; énsImsemÖT ‘1’ enaH . zaebI kalebIbuK<lenH CamYynwgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lCasRtUvTaMgLay RtUvCa 4 nwgrUb xøÜnÉg Gg<úyehIy kñúgRbeTsmYy BYkecar :nmkehIy eBal za ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ sUmRBHKuNm©as´ onUvPikú¡mYyrUb dl´ BYkeyIgx\úM³ dUecñHç kalebIbuK<lenaH sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ dUecñH k*Kb|IeBalza ²edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karsmøab´Pikú¡enaH ykQam kñúgbMBg´-k ehIyeZVInUvBlikmμ³ .

k*kñúger]genaH Pikú¡n@uH Kb|I

Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yk nUvPikú¡ÉeNaH>³ dUecñHç sImsemÖT eQμaHza

CaEdnKWPikú¡enaH

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit

.

Rbsin

ebIRBHeyaKI Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yknUvGatμaGj cUrkMucab´yk 1- karpSayemtþacitþeTAesIμ kñúgEdnTaMg 4 enH ehAza sImsemÖT .

RBHeyaKINa

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCa

CaGñkmancitþCaRbeyaCn¾EmnBit

dl´stVTaMgLay rEmgeXIj nUvPaBepSg> kñúg buK<l 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lGñkR:zña RbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lCa GñkminR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgkalNaç kñúgkal enaH RBHeyaKIenaH KWbNÐitk*minehAza CaGñk qøat :nemtþatamEdlxøÜnR:zñaeTç kñúgkalNa sImaTaMg 4 KWPikú¡rYmcUlCamYyKñaehIy RBHeyaKI pSayemtþaesμIKña

eTAkan´stVelakTaMgBYg

RBm

TaMgeTvelakpg kñúgkalenaH RBHeyaKIGñkman sImaminR:kd eTIb:neQμaHza CaGñkviessZM

CagRBHeyaKavcrmun .


visuTÆimK< ERb

177

‘emtþaQan’

178

RBhμviharnieTÞs

edayGMNacénQan manbfmCÄanCaedImEtbu¨eNÑaH .

‘Ek:LIGb|mJ¦a’

‘187’ cMENkÉ nimitþkþI óbcarkþI eQμaHza KWPikú¡enH:n k*kalebI

k*kñúg:LInu@H bTza ²emtþashKetn³ esckþIza Rbkb

Pikú¡enH eZVIsImsemÖTehIy Pikú¡enaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

RBmehIyedayemtþa . bTza ²ectsa³ KWmancitþ . bTza ²ÉkM

nUvnimitþenaHÉg eQμaHza:nseRmcnUvGb|na tamn&yEdlelak

TisM³RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkarpSayeTA

eBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNÉeNaH edayminlM:keLIy .

kan´stVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy kñúgTismYy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

ehIy Gs´kald*esμI énsImsemÖT y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bfmCÄan RbkbRBmedayemtþa EdllHnUvGg< 5 Rbkb

stVEdlelakkMNt´ehIyCadMbUg kñúgTismYy . bTza ²pritVa³

edayGg< 5 manlMG 3 y¨ag bribUredaylk¡N; 10 CaQan

KWb¨HBal´ehIy :ndl´eZVIoCaGarmμN¾ . bTza ²vihrti³ man

EdlRBHeyaKIenaH

man

esckþIza júaMgkiriyaenAeday«riyabz EdlxøÜn:ntaMgTukehIy

RbmaNbu¨eNÑH . k*kalebIbfmCÄanenaH KWRBHeyaKI :nsMerc

kñúgZm(CaeRK]genAd*RbesIr oRbRBwtþeTA . bTza ²tza TutiyM³

ehIy RBHeyaKIenaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaHÉg

esckþIza RBHeyaKIenaH pSayeTAkan´TisNa> mYy kñúgTisTaMg

eQμaHza sMercnUvTutiyCÄan nig ttiyCÄan kñúgctuk,n&ypg nig

Lay manTisxagekItCaedIm ehIyenA y¨agNaç k*pSayeTAkan´

sMercnUvTutiyCÄan ttiyCÄan nig ctutæCÄan kñúgbJ©k,n&ypg

TisTI2 TisTI3 nig TisTI4 kñúglMdab´énTisTI 1 enaH k*y¨ag

tamlMdab´ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH eQμaHza mancitþRbkbeday

enaHEdr . Baküza ²«ti óTÆM³ éxesckþIza nig edayn&ydUcKñanu@H

emtþa edayGMNacénQanÉNamYy bNþaQanTaMgLay man

Ég kñúgTisxagelI . BIrbTza ²GeZa tiriyM³ KWsUm|IkñúgTisxag

bfmCÄanCaedIm pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 ehIyenAç

eRkam sUm|IkñúgTisTTwg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*kúñgbTTaMg 2 enaH

TisTI2

dUcKña

:nseRmcehIy

TisTI3

dUcKña

edayPavnanueyaK

TisTI4

k*dUcKña

pSayeTAkan´ TisxagelI

TisxageRkam TTwg k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdrç RBHeyaKIenaH mancitþ

bTza ²GeZa³ KWTisxageRkamç

bTza ²tiriyM³ :ndl´TistUc

TaMgLay .

Rbkbedayemtþa d*TUlay d*x¬g´x¬s´ minmanRmaN minmaneB[r

edayn&yenHÉg RBHeyaKI eQμaHzajúaMgcitþ EdlRbkb

minmanBüa:T pSayeTAkan´elakEdlmanstVRKb´GenøI kñúgTis

edayemtþa osÞúHel]neTApg osÞúHel]nRtLb´mkvijpg kñúg

TaMgBYg eRBaHPaBéncitþTaMgGs´ ehIyenA . k*Gb|naCaeRK]geZVI

TisTaMgBYgTaMgLay dUcnaysarzI júaMgesHosÞúHel]neTAmk

oEbøkenH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþ:ndl´ nUvGb|na

kñúgmNÐlCaTIelgesH y¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

179

180

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘GtæénvikuBVna’

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvkarpSayemtþa edaycMeBaH eRBaHkMNt´nUvTismYy nig TismYy

edaybT:LI manRbmaN

bu¨eNÑH . cMENkbT:LICaedImza ²sBVZi³

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´

ehIy edIm|IsMEdg edaymincMeBaH .

k*kñúgbTza ²vibueln³ enH bNÐitKb|IeXIjPaB énemtþa shKtcitþCacitþTUlay edayGMNacénkarpSay . k*mYyeT[t citþenaH Cacitþd*ZM edayGMNacénPUmi . CacitþminmanRbmaN

kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²sBVZi³ KWkñúgTisTaMgBYg .

bTza

edayGMNacénesckþIsÞat´pg edayGMNacénRBHeyaKI manstV

²sBVtþtay³ esckþIza eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkmanxøÜn kñúg

CaGarmμN¾manRbmaNmin:npg . eQμaHza CacitþminmaneB[r

stVTaMgBYgTaMgLay manRbePTepSg> GMBIKña dUcCastVzñak´Tab

eRBaHlHbg´nUvsRtUv KWBüa:T:n .

zñak´kNþal zñak´x¬g´x¬s´ EdlCamiRt CasRtUv nig CakNþal

eRBaHlHbg´nUveTamnsS .

eQμaHza CacitþminBüa:T

manGZib|ayza ²minmanTuk¡³ .

GZib|ayza bTza ²GyM brsetþa³ KW eRBaHPav; én

enHCaesckþIénvikuBVna EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanxøÜnesμI eRBaHmineZVInUvkarEvkEjk . n&y

edayn&yza ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . k*ÉvikuBVna

mYyeT[t bTza ²sBVtþtay³ esckþIzaedayPaBéncitþTaMgGs´.

‘kareZVIoCak´c|as´’ enH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþdl´

GZib|ayza ²min:nbJÚ¢ncitþeTABÆd*xageRkAsUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc³ .

ehIynUvGb|naEtbu¨eNÑaH y¨agNamij RBHsarIbutþetær eBalnUv

bTza ²sBVavnþM³ esckþIza EdlmanstVsBVRKb´ KWEdlRbkb

KuNCatCaeRK]geZVIoEbøkÉNa kñúgbdismÖiTahñwgÉg za ²emtþa-

CaedIm .

edaystVRKb´GenøI . cMENkBaküza

bTza ²elakM³ KWstVelakTaMgGs´ .

ecetavimutþi ‘KuNCatCaeRK]grYccakbdiX;edaycitþKWemtþa’ pSay

²Rbkbedayemtþa³

edayminmancMENk edayGakar 5 emtþaecetavimutþi pSayeday

:nCaRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSayedaymincMeBaHnu@H eRBaHsMEdgnUv

mancMENk

briyaymanBaküza ²vibueln d*TUlay³ y¨agenHCaedIm . müa¨g

edayGakar 10 ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

vijeT[t

tza s&BÞkþI «ti s&BÞkþI

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´

ehIy mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSaymincMeBaHnu@H dUcCakñúgkarpSaycMeBaH

edayGakar

oEbøkenaHza

edayGMNacénBaküCaeRK]gRtas´Ezm .

²rEmgsMerc

emtþaecetavimutþi

pSayeTAkan´Tis

bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCatCaeRK]geZVI dl´RBHeyaKI

Gñkmancitþdl´ehIy

nUvGb|na Etbu¨eNÑaHÉg³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GenaZiesaprNa 5’

eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t za ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ . mYyeT[t RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´BaküenH

7

k*bNþavimutþiTaMgBIrenaH 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

bNÐit Kb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

181

mankarpSayedaymincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘6’ mnusSTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

‘7’

stVZøak´kñúgG:yTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘TisaprNa 10’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIykñúg GtþPaB cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþI

manpSayeTAkan´Tis

edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

sux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglic cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘OZiesaprNa 7’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

manpSayedaycMeBaH

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘3’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageCIg cUrkMuomaneB[r

edayGakar;TaMgLay 7 enH KW cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘2’ bursTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagt|Úg cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘3’

‘5’ eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘4’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

®sþITaMgLayTaMgBYg

eB[r kMumanBüa:TkMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH.

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘1’

RBhμviharnieTÞs

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMuman

‘3’

182

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisGaeKñy¾ cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuman

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ buK<lminEmnCaRBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgcUrkMuoman

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘6’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisBay&Bü cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .


visuTÆimK< ERb

183

‘7’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTis¤san cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘8’

stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg

kñúgTisnirtI

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘9’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageRkam cUrkMuoman eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH . ‘10’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagelI cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

184

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mknUvs&BÞminoesssl´ . buK<lGñkCab´ehIy KW CMBak´ehIy edayq&ÞnraK; kñúgxnÆTaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHza stV . sm dUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalraZ; esckþIeBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa

esckþIrIkrayNa

esckþIR:zñaNa

buK<lEdlCab´enA

kñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

kñúgrUb

CMBak´enA

kñúg

esckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH ehtuenaH elakehAza stVç esckþI eBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa esckþIrIkrayNa esckþIR:zña Na kñúgevTnaÇÇÇkñúgsJ¦aÇÇÇkñúgsg¡arÇÇÇkñúgviJ¦aN buK<lEdlCab´ enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

CMBak´enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCa

buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇBYkstVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlGtþPaBTaMg

edImenaH eRBaHehtuenaH elakehAza stV ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . Eteday

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagekItÇÇÇ BYk®sIþTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇburs

s&BÞEdleRbIedayedrdas evaharza ‘stV’ enH RbRBwtþeTA kñúg

TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanraK;eTAR:sehIypgEdr

RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

Griy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

BYkminEmnRBH

eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

mnusSTaMg

.

dUcevahar

za pøitsøwketñat RbRBwtþeTAkñúgpøitd*viess EdlsMercGMBIbenÞaH

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ BYkvini:tik;TaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuoman

énb\sSI dUecñaH .

eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH .

BicarNanUvesckþI k*RtUvkar za ²BaküzastVenH RKan´EtCaeQμaH

stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg

.l.

®sþITaMgLayTaMg

BYg .l. vini:tik;TaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglicÇÇ kñúgTis

cMENkxag GñkKitKUrGMBIGk¡r;TaMgLay min

bu¨eNÑaH³ . cMENkÉGacarüBYkNaR:zñanUvesckþI GacarüBYkenaH R:zñaesckþIza ²eQμaHza stV eRBaHRbkbedaykarCab´CMBak´³ .

xageCIgÇÇÇkñúgTisxagt|ÚgÇÇkñúgTisGaeKñy¾ÇÇÇkñúgTisxaglicÇÇÇkñúg

stVTaMgLay eQμaHzamanCIvit eRBaHPav;énstVmanxül´

TisxageCIgÇÇÇ kñúgTisnirtIÇÇÇ kñúgTisxageRkamÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagelI

degIØm GZib|ayza eRBaHkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTACab´mindac´kñúgxül´degIØm

cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUr

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl .

rkSanUvxøÜncuH ³ . kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²seBV³ enaH CaBaküsMrab´RbmUl

eQμaHza BYkPUt eRBaHPav;énstVTaMgenaHCastVekItehIy 1- suÇ sMÇ xÇ

PaKTI 34 TMB&rTI 73 .


visuTÆimK< ERb GZib|ayza

eRBaHPav;énstVenaH

185

ekItRBmehIy

KWekItZMZat´

eLIgehIy . niiry;

186

RBhμviharnieTÞs

TaMgLaymanBaküza ²stþa :Na³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHRtwmEt Baküpøas´bþÚrEtbu¨eNÑaHç ebItamBiteTA cg´:nnUvBaküepSg> Et

elakehAza

buM

BYkstVNa

elbcUleTA

kñúg

müa¨g tamesckþIGZib|aypgEdrç mtirbs´GacarüTaMgenaH bNÐit

niry;EdlehAza bMu enaH eRBaHehtuenaH BYkstVenaH eQμaHza

eBalza ²pSayeTA edaymincMeBaH³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

buK<lç GZib|ayza BYkstVenaH EtgeTA .

minKYrkan´yknUvesckþI edayRbkardUecñaH Kb|IpSayemtþa eday

ragkay elakehAza GtþPaB ßza xnÆTaMg 5 hñwgÉg elakehAzaGtþPaBç Baküza GtþPaBenH KWRKan´EtCaBakübJ¦tiþ eRBaHsMedAykxnÆR:MenaH tamsPav;ç stVTaMgLayEdlelak

mincMeBaH edayGMNacénGakar;NamYy kñúgGakar;TaMg 5 enH .

‘Gb|na 528’ k*kñúgbTmatikaTaMgn@uH matikaenH za ²seBV stþa Gevra

stVTaMgLay

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . matikaenH za ²GBüabCÄa

enaH eTIbeQμaHza GtþPavbriyabnñaç GZib|ayza ²sPav;TaMg

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . Baküaza ²GBüabCÄa³

LayEdlelakkMNt´ehIy

esckþIza EdlR:scakesckþIBüa:T . matikaenHza ²GnIXa

rab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kñúgGtþPaBenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

eQμaHza

KWelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 .

KWCab´cUlehIy BÆd*xagkñúg³ dUecñH .

bTza ²GnIXa³ KW min

k*Baküza ²BYkstV³ dUecñH y¨agNa sUm|IBaküd*ess

manTuk¡ . matikaza ²suxI GtþanM brihrnþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza Ca

TaMgLay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç BaküTaMgGs´enHhñwgÉg bNÐitKb|I

Gb|na 1 . eRBaHehtuenaH bNþabTTaMgenH bTNa> CabT

RCabza ²CaBaküpøas´bÚþr énstVTaMgGs´ eRBaHelIkeLIg eday

R:kd RBHeyaKIKb|IpSayemtþa edayGMNacénbTenaH> cuH . edayn&ydUcer[brab´mkenH Gb|na kñúgkarpSay eday

GMNacéns&BÞEdleRbIjwkjy³ . sUm|IBaküTaMgLaydéTza ²seBV CnþÚ seBV CIva³ dUecñH

mincMeBaH man 20 edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;

CaedIm CaBaküpøas´bÚþrénstVTaMgGs´EtgmaneT[tk*BitEmnehIy

TaMgLay 5 . cMENk kñúgkarpSayedaycMeBaH manGb|na 28

ebITukCadUecñaHk*eday RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²emtþa ecetavimutþi

edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;TaMgLay 7 .

mankiriyapSayeTA

edaymincMeBaH

edayGakar;TaMgLay

eRBaHkan´yknUvGakar;TaMg 5 enHÉg edayGMNacén‘Gakar;TaMg 5 enaH’ CaBaküR:kd .

ebIBYkGacarüNa minRtUvkardl´Bakü

k*kñúgGakar;TaMg 7 enaH bTza ²BYk®sþI BYkburs³ RBH manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénlig<ç bTza ²BYkRBH Griy; BYkminEmnRBHGriy;³ RTg´Rtas´edayGMNacénRBHGriy;


visuTÆimK< ERb

187

188

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nig buzuC¢nç bTza ²BYkeTvta BYkmnusS BYkvini:tik;³ RTg´

záÚr Bt´ ‘xøÜn’ bRmHnen[leTAmkCaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk

Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkMeNItekItÉg .

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþi minP\ak´eLIg y¨agdUecñaHeT rEmgP\ak´eLIg Ca

cMENkkñúgkarpSayeTAkan´Tis Gb|na mandl´eTA 480 KW 200 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 20 > kñúgTismYynigmYy

sux KWminmanGakar;xusEbøk dUcp,aQUkEdlkMBugEtrIk dUecñaH . bTza ²minsubinGaRkk´³ esckþIza buK<lGñkcMerInemtþa-

edayGMNacénn&ymann&yza ²seBV burtæimay Tisay stþa³

ecetavimutþienaH

dUecñHCaedIm KW 280 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 28 > kñúgTis

Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH hak´dUcCakMBugzVaybg<MRBHectiy dUcCakMBugeZVI

mYy nig mYy edayn&ymann&yza ²sBVa burtæimay Tisay

karbUCa nig dUcCakMBugsþab´RBHZm( . cMENkxag BYkbuK<ldéT

«tæieya³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eXIjnUvxøÜn

ebIrYbrYmeTA

Gb|naTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

RtUvCaGb|na

528

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa dUecñHÉg .

‘EkGtæemtþanisgS’ RBHeyaKavcrenH énGb|naNamYy

luHcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi

kñúgcMeNamGb|naTaMgenH

edayGMNac

dUc:nBN(namk

sUm|Iyl´subin

k*rEmgyl´eXIjsubinEdllÁ

hak´bIdUcCaRtUvBYkecarB&TÆcab´pg

hak´bIdUcCaRtUv

BYkRmwKsahavcUleTARbTUsþpg nig hak´bIdUcCakMBugZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHpg y¨agNamijç buK<lGñkcMerInnUvemtþaecetavimutþi min subinGaRkk´ y¨agdUecñaHeT . bTza

²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkmnusS³

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

esckþIza

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

buK<lGñk

KWCaTIeBjcitþ

én

ehIyenH rEmg:nnUvGanisgS 11 y¨ag EdlRBHmanRBHPaK

mnusSTaMgLay hak´bIdUcCaEkvmukþasMrab´Bak´Rtg´RTUg nig hak´

RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²GñkcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi rEmgedk

bIdUcCap,akRmgsMrab´Rbdab´BÆd*k|al y¨agdUecñaH . bTza ²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkGmnusS³ esckþIza buK<lGñk

lk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgGanisgS 11 y¨agenaH bTza ²rEmgedklk´RsYl³ manesckþIza

CnTaMgLayd*ess

rEmgedklk´

bRmHnen[l

Rsmuk CaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk:nemtþaecetavimutþi minedk lk´ y¨agenaHeT rEmgedklk´RsYl sUm|IcUldl´karlg´lk´ ehIy k*hak´bIdUcCacUlsmabtþiGIcwg . bTza ²P\ak´eLIgCasux³ esckþIza BYkCndéT P\ak´eLIg

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

énmnusSTaMgLay

y¨agNamijç k*rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr eRb[bdUcCaRBHezr; eQμaH visax; .

‘er]gRBHvisaxetær’ :n»mkza RBHezr; eQμaHvisax;enaH :nCakudum¬Ik¾ enA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH

kalenA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt


visuTÆimK< ERb

189

190

RBhμviharnieTÞs

enaHÉg :ndwgBt(manza ²»mkza tm¬bNÑTVIb RtUveKtak´Etg

visaxPikú¡enaH manvsSaRKb´ 5 ehIy eZVImatika 2 osÞat´ luH

ehIy edaykRmgp,akñúgectiy d*ruger]g edaysMBt´kasav; Gñk

bvrNaehIy k*er[nnUvkmμdðanCaTIsb|aydl´xøÜn eZVIExTaMgLay

Nak*eday GacedIm|IGg<úykþI edkkþI kúñgTIenaH CaTIEdlxøÜnRtUvkar

bYn kñúgvtþmYy> oCabYn> Ex enAbMeBjvtþRbtibtþi y¨agesμI .

ehIy> hñwgÉg esckþIsb|ayRKb´y¨ag KW ótusb|ay esnasnsb|ay buK<lsb|ay ZmμsSvnsb|ay KWeKrk:neday RsYl kñúgTIenaH .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH RbKl´KMnrePaK;rbs´xøÜn odl´

buRt nig Priya manEtmYykhabN;bu¨eNÑaHÉg EdlxøÜnevcRtg´ CaysMBt´ cakecjGMBIpÞH rgcaMnava Rtg´eqñrénsmuRT enAehIy Gs´mYyEx . KYroesáIcEmn eRBaHKat´CaGñkqøatkñúgevahar Kat´ TijPNÐ; Ek|rTVarenH ykeTAlk´Ek|rTVarÉenaH eTIbsEnSsnSM nUvRTBü:nmYyBan´khabN;

edayrvagmYyEx

Edlrg´caMnava

enaHÉg edaykarCYjERbEdlRbkbedayZm( . Kat´k*:nmkdl´ mhavihar edaylMdab´ehIyk*:nsUmpñÜs . Kat´RtUvBYkPikú¡naM ykeTAkan´sIma edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karsagpñÜs :nTmøak´nUvzg´ R:k´mYyBan´khabN;enaH Rtg´TIkEnøgtamcenøaHRkvileLvç luH dl´BYkPikú¡sYrza ²mYyenHKWCaGVI/³ k*eqøIyTUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

luHdl´RBHezr;eQμaHvisax;

kalRbRBwtþy¨agenH

fitenA Rtg´cenøaHénéRB EsVgrknUvKuN rbs´xøÜn kalbnøW

k*:neBalesckþIenHza

GatμaGjóbsm|nñehIy

²drabtaMgEt

drabtaMgEtGatμaGj

mkehIykñúgTIenH esckþIPøaMgPøat´ kñúgcenøaH kñúg éRBenH minmaneT mñalGñkniT(uk¡TaMgLay man laPTaMgLayGVIemø¨HeT³ . RBHezr;enaH kaleTAkan´vtþeQμaHcitþlbB(t :neTAdl´pøÚvEbk Ca 2 ehIy QrKitza ²pøÚvenHßhñ@ ßk*pøÚvenH³ . RKaenaH eTvta EdlGaRs&yenAelIPñMrbs´elak k*laédcgÁúlR:b´za ²pøÚvnu@H³ . RBHezr;enaH enAelIcitþlbB(t Gs´ 4 Ex Kitza ²GatμaGjnwg eTA kñúgeBleT[bPøW³ ehIyk*siglk´eTA . eTvtaEdlGaRs&y

m©as´d*cMerIn KWkhabN;mYyBan´³ RtUvBYkPikú¡R:b´za ²Enó:sk

enAelIedImc&nÞn¾eTs elIk|alénTIc®g,m Gg<úyxSwkxSÜlehIyelI

cab´edImGMBIkalEdlGñkbYsehIy

edIm|Icayvay

kaMCeNþIr . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkNan@uH/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRt

va:neT «LÚvenHÉg cUrGñkcayvayvacuH³ dUecñHehIy k*Rbkas

RBHKuNm©as´ x\úMeQμaHmNily;³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkyMedIm|I

za

rbs´ó:sk

GñkN/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²eRBaHGaRs&ykarnimnþeTAénRBHKuN

eQμaHvisax;ehIy kMumanédTeT eTAvijeLIy³ dUecñHehIy k*:n

m©as´³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²kalGatμaenAkñúgTIenH etImanKuNdUc

Rsayerayray eT[beragsIma bYsehIy:nóbsm|TaehIy .

emþc dl´Gñk/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ kalebIRBH

GñkminGac

²mnusSTaMgLayEdlmkkan´TIkEnøgsagpñÜs


visuTÆimK< ERb

191

192

RBhμviharnieTÞs

KuNm©as´enAkñúgTIenH BYkmnusS Etg:nnUvemtþadl´KñanwgKñaç kñúg

GZib|ayza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI júaMgkay rbs´

kal«LÚvenH BYkmnusSTaMgenaH kalebIRBHKuNm©as´ nimnþeTA

GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH

ehIy nwgeZVInUvCMelaH nwgeBalnUvBaküEdlGaRkk´³ . RBHezr;

kñúger]génGñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgnUver]g

eBalza ²RbsinebI kalGatμa enAkñúgTIenH karenACasuxsb|ay

emeKapgk*:n .

okeRmIkmin:neT³

.

tYy¨ag

kñúg

:n»mkza emeKamYyk|alkMBugEtQrbgØÚrnUvTénTwkedaH

citþlbB(tenaHÉg Gs´ 4 Ex eT[t ehIyjúaMgcitþKitnwgeTA o

Rss´dl´kUneKa . RBanmñak´ Kitza ²Gjnwgsmøab´emeKaenaH³

ekIteLIg y¨agdUecñaHÉg mþgeT[t . ÉeTvta k*yMehIy eday

tMrg´edayédehIy k*BYylMEBgEdlmandgEvgeTA . lMEBgenaH

RbkardUecñaHmþgeT[tEdr . RBHezr; enAehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaH

eTAb¨HnUvsrIr;emeKaenaHehIy k*rbUteTAehIy dUcCasøwketñat .

dEdl edayó:yenH briniBVanehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaHÉg .

lMEBgenaH eTAputehIy eRBaHPav;énemeKaenaH CastVmanesckþI

Pikú¡Gk ñ mankiriyaenAedayemtþa rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMg

RsLaj´d*mankMLaMg kñúgkUneKaEtbu¨eNÑaH minEmnedaykMLaMg én

Lay y¨agenHÉg .

óbcar; minEmnedaykMLaMgénGb|naeTç emtþa manGanuPaBeRcIn

Etgman

dl´GñkTaMgLayç

nu@HCakarEdllÁ³

ehIyk*enA

bTza ²eTvta EtgrkSa³ esckþIza BYkeTvta EtgEzrkSa

y¨agenHÉg . bTza ²buK<lenaH tMkl´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s³ esckþIza

dUcCamata nig bitaTaMgLay rkSanUvbuRt y¨agenaHÉg . bTza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´dl´ GñkEdlenAedayemtþaenaH³ esckþIza ePøIgkþI minrlak KWminb¨H Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCaePøIg min

citþ

rbs´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþa

rEmgtaMgenAmaMqab´Pøamç

PaB

yWtyUr éncitþCasmaZienaH minman . bTza ²mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´³ esckþIza k*mux rbs´

rlakdl´ó:sikaeQμaHótþradUecñaHç zñaMBiskþI minrlak KWmincUl

buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCazñaMBis min

EdlrelHcakTg .

Camuxmansm|úrd*zøa

dUcCaEpøetñatTMu

cUleTA kñúgkay rbs´RBHcULsivetær GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþnikay

bTza ²minvegVgeZVImrNkal³esckþIza ZmμtaesckþIsøab´

dUecñaHç eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´ KWmincUleTA kñúgkay rbs´

edaykarvegVgvgVn´ minman dl´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaeTç buK<l

GñkEdlmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH dUcCaeRK]gs®sþavuZ minb¨H

GñkenAedayemtþa minvegVgvgVn´eLIy eZVImrNkal dUcCabuK<l

Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´sMkic©sameNr y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kMBugedklk´ y¨agenaHÉg .

manBakü


visuTÆimK< ERb

193

194

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bTza ²kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT³ esckþI

Lay kMBugeZVIsMeLgzáÚr Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA muneKTaMg

za buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH kalminGac edIm|IRtas´dwgnUvRBH

Gs´ za ²Ohñ@ stVenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIlM:k eZVIdUcemþceTAhñ@

Grhtþ d*x¬g´x¬s´ Cagemtþasmabtþi:neT luHcüútcakGtþPaBenH

stVenH Kb|IrYccakesckþITuk¡enH:n³ dUecñH eRBaHelak:neBal

rEmgcUleTAkan´RBhμelak dUcCalk´ehIyP\ak´eLIgy¨agdUecñaH .

ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²cuHPikú¡ mancitþRbkbedaykruNa pSayeTA

enHCakza y¨agBisþar kñúgemtþaPavna .

kan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc . buK<l eXIjnUvbuK<lmñak´ Ca

‘kruNaRBhμvihar’

GñkRkIRk dl´nUvesckþIlM:k ehIypSaykruNa y¨agNamijç

‘188’ cMENkxag RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkruNa Kb|IBicarNanUveTas

énkarminmankruNapg

nig

Pikú¡ pSaykruNa cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

nUvGanisgS

RBHeyaKI kalmin:n nUvbuK<lEdldl´ehIy nUvesckþI

énkruNapgehIy cab´epþImcMerInkruNaRBhμvihar . k*RBHeyaKI

lM:kenaHeT sUm|IbuK<lEdldl´ehIynUvesckþIsux EtCaGñkeZVI

kalcab´epþImcMerIn nUvkruNaenaH minRtUvcab´epþIm kñúgbuK<lEdl

nUvGMeBIGaRkk´

maneTasdl´Pavna manbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm muneT .

EdleKnwgsmøab´ Camun .

eRBaHza esckþIRsLaj´ EtgfitenAkñúgfan;CaTIRsLaj´hñwgÉgç

eRb[bdUcCaBYkraCburs cgnUvecarEdlxøÜncab´:nehIy RBmTaMg

buK<lCasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk EtgfitenAkñúgfan;énbuK<l

RTBü tamRBHGaC\aénesþcza ²GñkTaMgLaycUrsmøab´nUvecarenaH³

CasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBkEmnBitç buK<lCakNþal Etgfit

dUecñHehIy onUvkarRbharTaMgLay nimitþrMBat´ 4 > naMeTAkan´

enAkñúgfan;CakNþalhñwgÉgç buK<lminCaTIRsLaj´ EtgfitenA

TIsMrab´smøab´ç BYkmnusS onUvxaTnIy;xøH ePaCnIy;xøH kRmg

kñúgfan;minCaTIRsLaj´EmnBitç buK<lCasRtUv EtgfitenA kñúg

p,axøH eRK]gRkGUbxøH eRK]glabxøH nig søamøÚxøH dl´ecarenaHç

fan;CasRtUvEmnBit. PaBénbuK<lGñkmanePTxusKña nig buK<l

ecarenaHkalTMBasuI nig eRbIR:s´nUvvtæúTaMgenaH hak´dUcCadl´

Edlsøab´ehIy minEmnCaextþEdn ‘EdlRtUvpSaykruNa’ eT .

ehIynUvesckþIsux EqÁts,b´s,l´ehIyedayePaK; edIreTA k*Bit

bu¨EnþebIRBHeyaKI

CaGñkEdlKYro

EmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH GñkNamYy k*minsm<al´esaHnUvecar

GaNitGasUr manrUbragEbøk dl´nUvesckþIlM:kéRkElg CaGñk

enaH za ²Ohñ@ ecarenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsux manePaK;eRcIn³

TUK(t

dUecñHeTç edayBiteTA CnEtgGaNit nUvecarenaH za ²ecarenHCa

eXIjnUvbursNamYyhñwgÉg

manrUbGaRkk´ CamnusSkMRBa kMbutédeCIg dak´GMEbgBImux

edkelIsalaKμanTIBwg manhVÚgdg,ÚvkMBugvarecj

tamédeCIgTaMg

1- GPiÇ viÇ

k*Kb|IpSaykruNa:nEdr

eRBaHeRb[bpÞwmnwgecar

sYrza ²eRb[bdUcemþc/ ³ .

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 315 .

eqøIyza


visuTÆimK< ERb

195

196

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mnusSKYroRseNaHGaNit nwgsøab´ kñúgkal«LÚvenH eRBaHza

za

ecarenH QannUvCMhanNak*eday rEmgmandl´esckþIsøab´ kñúg

k*bu¨Enþ eQμaHzaCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþITuk¡edayBit eRBaHCaGñk

TICitbeg,IyedayCMhanenaH > ³ dUecñH y¨agNamijç sUm|IbuK<l

minknøgnUvvdþTuk¡:n³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIsImsemÖT kñúgCnTaMg

Gñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux

Kb|I

Lay 4 KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCa

pSaykruNa:n y¨agenH za ²buK<lenH CaGñkrehmrham kñúg

kNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r 1 tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy

kal«LÚvenH CaGñkmanesckþIsux cat´EcglÁehIy eRbIR:s´nUv

enaHÉg ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na

ePaK;TaMgLay k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaHk*eday eK nwg

edayGMNacéntik,CÄan nig ctuk,CÄan tamn&yEdlelakeBal

TTYlTuk¡eTamnsS manRbmaNmintic kñúgG:yTaMgLay kñúg

ehIy kñúgemtþaPavna kMuxan .

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvkruNakmμdðan

kal«LÚvenH eRBaHkarminmanklüaNkmμ

²buK<lenH

sUm|IminmanesckþIvinascakjatiCaedImTaMgenaH

EdlxøÜn:neZVIehIy

EtkñúgGdðkzaénGg<útþrnikay RBHGdðkzacarü eBallMdab´

sUm|IedayTVarmYy kñúgcMeNamTVarTaMgbI³ dUecñH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç

enHza ²buK<lmaneB[r RBHeyaKIKb|IpSaykruNa muneK RtUveZVI

luHkruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH :npSaykruNacMeBaHbuK<lenaH y¨ag

citþoTn´

dUecñHehIy bnÞab´mk Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´

buK<lTuK(t tmk obuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ tmk pSayoxøÜnÉg³

dUecñH KW kñúgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ tmk kñúgbuK<lCakNþal

dUecñH .

tmk

CaedImeT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IR:rBÆnUvPavna kñúg

kñúgbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

edayó:yenHÉg

.

k*RbsinebI

kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaHehIy

Kb|IpSaykruNa

odl´

lMdab´enaH minsmtam:LI za ²TuK<tM TurUebtM³ dUecñH

esckþIzñaMgzñak´ kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´kruNakmμdðanik-

kruNakmμdðanenaH

Pik¡úenaH

kñúgkalmunk*eday

eZVInUvsImsemÖT ehIycMerInGb|na . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI

kruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH RtUvjúaMgesckþIzñaMgzñak´enaH osáb´rmáab´

Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay edaymincMeBaH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnahñwgÉg . mYyeT[t

edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH edayGakar;TaMg

kñúgkarpSaykruNaenH RBHeyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI sUm|InUvbuK<lEdl

Lay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay 10³ nig

eZVIesckþIlÁehIy mkCYbRbTH edayesckþIvinasNamYy bNþa

GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm

esckþIvinasTaMgLaymanvinascakjati vinaseRBaHeraK vinas

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy

cakRTBüCaedIm ehIypSaykruNa edayRbkarTaMgBYg y¨agenH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyenaHÉg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgkruNaPavna .

ehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘muTitaRBhμvihar’

198

muTitaRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanesckþIsux kñúgGtItkal bu¨Enþ«LÚvenH

‘189’ RBHeyaKI sUm|IkalR:rBÆmuTitaPavna k*minKb|I

CaGñkTuK(t CaGñklM:kéRkeBkç RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwker]y> nUv

R:rBÆ kñúgbuK<lEdlmaneTasdl´PavnaTaMgLay manbuK<lCaTI

PaBénbuK<lenaHCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsuxEdlknøgeTAehIy

RsLaj´CaedImmuneT

minEmn

enaHÉg ehIykan´yk nUvGakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH

edayRtwmEtPaBCaTIRsLaj´

Ég za ²kñúgkalknøgeTAehIy buK<lenHCaGñkmanePaK;eRcIn Ca

CaehtuCaTItaMg

.

eRBaHza

énPaBCacitþTn´

buK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bu¨eNÑaHeT BMucaM:c´niyayzVI dl´buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lman

GñkmanbrivareRcIn

eB[r . PaBénbuK<lxusePTKña nig buK<leZVImrNkal minEmn

júaMgmuTita oekIteLIg .

CaextþEdn ‘EdlcMerInmuTita’ dUcKñaEdr . ÉbuK<lCasMLaj´CaTI

Gakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH EdlCaGnaKtehIy júaMg

RsLaj´éRkeBk Kb|ICaehtuCaTItaMg:n . eRBaHza buK<lenaH

muTita oekIteLIg za ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH :nnUvsm|tþienaH

EdlRBHGdðkzacarü eBalehIykñúgGdðkza za ²buK<lCasMLaj´

mþgeT[t nwgRtac´eTA edayyanviessTaMgLay manelI-k dMrI

CaGñkelg³ dUecñH CaGñkrIkraysb|ayEmnBit esIcmunehIy

elIxñgesH nig elIGRgwgCavikarénmasCaedIm³ dUecñH . luHRBH

eTIbniyay

buK<lCa

eyaKIenaH júaMgmuTitacitþoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ y¨ag

sMLaj´CaGñkelgenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IpSaymuTitamuneK . RBH

enHehIy bnÞab´mk RtUvjúaMgmuTitaoRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´ y¨ag

eyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI nUvbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´kþI nUvbuK<lEdldl´nUv

enH KWkñúgbuK<lCakNþal tmk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r . EtRbsinebI

esckþIsuxkþI

Kb|IjúaMg

bdiX; kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH tamn&y

muTita oekIteLIg za ²Ohñ@ stVenHrIkrayNas´etI Ohñ@ lÁEmn

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉgç RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMg

Ohñ@ RbéBBitEmn³ dUecñH . EmnBit RBHZmμesnabtI GaRs&ynUv

bdiX;enaHosáb´rmáab´

GMNacénRbeyaCn¾enHÉg eTIbeBalehIykñúgviPg<za ²cuHPikú¡man

PavnaenaHÉg

citþRbkbedaymuTita pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc

kñúgCnTaMgLay 4 KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgbIenHpg nig kñúgxøÜnÉgpg

KWbuK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ CaTIRsLaj´CaTIeBjcitþ ehIyCaGñkrIk

ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na eday

ray y¨agNa Pikú¡pSaymuTitacMeBaHstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacéntik,CÄan ‘kñúgctuk,n&y’ nig ctuk,CÄan ‘kñúgbJ©k,n&y’

RbsinebIbuK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg ß buK<lCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´

tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg . bnÞab´GMBIenaH

CaxageRkay

eRBaHehtuenaH

nUvbuK<lsþúksþmÖkþI

müa¨geT[t

EdlkMBugEtrIkray

CaGñkmancitþrIkrayCanic©³

dUecñHehIy

Kb|I

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKIKb|Ikan´yk nUv

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþa

ehIyeZVInUvsImsemÖT

edayPaBCaGñkmancitþesμI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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200

óebk¡aRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKI Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay eday

CaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

minCaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

Kb|ICaGñkRBegIy

mincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH eday

kenþIy y¨agNa Pikú¡pSayóebk¡a cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨ag

Gakar;TaMgLay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay

enaHEdr³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI luHjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg

10 ³ nig GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³

kñúgbuK<lCakNþal tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy bnÞab´mk

dUecñHCaedIm tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIgkñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bnÞab´mk

kñúg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgmuTitaPavna .

buK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg bnÞab´mk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r y¨agenH

‘óebk¡aRBhμvihar’

ehIy Kb|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT edayGMNacén‘kareZVIcitþ’CakNþal

‘190’ cMENkxagRBHeyaKI GñkmanR:zñaedIm|IR:rBÆ nUv

kñúgbuK<lTaMgBYg KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgLaybIenH EdleBalmkehIy

óebk¡aPavna CaGñk:nQanTI 3 nig TI 4 kñúgPavnaTaMgLay

pg kñúgxøÜnÉgpg ehIyKb|IesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH .

manemtþaPavnaCaedIm ecjcakttiyCÄanEdlsÞat´ehIy eXIj

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH ctutæCÄan rEmgekIteLIg tamn&y

nUveTas kñúgPavnaTaMgLayxagedIm eRBaHPav;énPavnaenaHRbkb

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNenaHÉg .

edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayesckþIRsLaj´ kñúg

sYrza ²cuHctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr

stV edayGMNacénkarpSayza ²sUmstVTaMgBYg:ndl´esckþI

Edl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgehIy kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLay

suxcuH³ dUecñHCaedImpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdlRtac´eTACitesckþIzñaMg

manbfvIksiNCaedImpgß / ³ .

zñak´ nig esckþIeRtkGrpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdleRKatRKat eRBaH

sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanCaQan

RbkbedayesamnsSpg nig ‘eXIj’ nUvGanisgS kñúgóebk¡a

manGarmμN¾xusKña³ . k*bu¨EnþctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´

edayPaBCaZm(d*lÁitpgç buK<lNataMgenACakNþal tamRbRktI

RBHeyaKIEdl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgkñúgRBhμviharPavna

énbuK<lenaHç Kb|IRBegIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH ehIyjúaMgóebk¡a o

manemtþaCaedImbu¨eNÑaH

ekIteLIg tGMBIenaHmk Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lTaMg

GarmμN¾esμIKña³ .

LaydéTeT[t manbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . smdUcCaelak eBalehIy

za

²cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayóebk¡a

pSayeTAkan´

TismYy sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc / . KWbuK<leXIj nUvbuK<lmñak´

eqøIyza ²minekIteLIgeT³ .

eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanenaH

CaQanman

bnÞab´GMBIenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabGb|na eQñaHzavikuBVna nig kar:nGanisgS tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg. enHCakzaBisþar kñúgóebk¡aPavna .


visuTÆimK< ERb

201

bNÐit

RCabnUvRBhμviharTaMgLayenH

EdlRBHRBhμútþmacarü RTg´sMEdgehIy y¨agenH Kb|IRCabbkiNÑkkzaenH kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHza muTitaç müa¨gvijeT[t Bakü za ²muTita³ enaH KWRKan´EtCakiriyarIkraybu¨eNÑaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza muTita .

nu@H edayéRkElgEzmeT[t .

KuNCatiNa EtgRBegIykenþIy edaykiriyalHbg´ nUv

‘vinicä&yedayesckþI’ k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI kñúgemtþa kruNa muTita nig óebk¡aTaMgLayenH Camunsin . ZmμCatiNa RsLaj´ eRBaHehtuenaH ZmμCatienaH eQμaH za emtþaç GZib|ayza sñiTÆsñM .

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eQμaHza muTitaç mYyeT[t KuNCatienaH rIkray cMeBaHxøÜnÉg

bkiNÑkkza ‘191’

202

mYyeT[t karCitditn@uH man

kñúgmitþ ß ßza RbRBwtþeTAcMeBaHmitþ eRBaHehtuenaH karCitditn@uH eQμaHza emtþa . KuNCatiNa kalebIesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTman eZVInUvkar QWqÁal dl´sb|úrsTaMgLay KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa .

esckþIxVl´xVayCaedIm za ²stVTaMgLay cUrkMuomaneB[rnwgKña³ dUecñH

nig

edaykiriyacUleTAdl´

nUvPaBRBegIykenþIy

eRBaH

ehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza óebk¡a .

‘vinicä&yedaylk¡N;CaedIm’ bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edayRbkardéTmanlk¡N; CaedIm kñúgRBhμviharTaMg 4 enaH ‘dUcteTAenH’ . emtþa mankiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ ‘dl´ stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyarYbrYmmknUvRbeyaCn¾Cakic©ç mankarkMcat´bg´nUvKMnMuCaplç mankiriyabgØaj nUvPaBénstVTaMg

mYyeT[t KuNCatiNa epÞr KWza eb[teb[n nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´Cn

LayCaTIKab´citþCaehtuCitç kiriyacUleTArmáab´Büa:T Casm|tþi

déT esckþIza júaMgesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTovinaseTA eRBaHehtu

énemtþaenaHç kiriyaekItRBménesckþIesñha Cavibtþi énemtþaenaH .

enaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa . müa¨gvijeT[t KuNCatiNa

kruNa mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´

EdlsaZuCnTaMgLayEtgeZVI KWza latecj edayGMNacénkar

nUvesckþITuk¡ ‘rbs´stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyaGt´RTaM

pSayeTA kñúgCnTaMgLayEdldl´ehIynUvesckþITuk¡ eRBaHehtu

min:nnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´stVdéT Cakic©ç mankiriyamineb[teb[n

enaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza kruNa .

Caplç mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBminmanTIBwg énstVTaMgLayEdl

saZuCnTaMgLay

EtgrIkray

cMeBaHCnGñkRBmeRB[gKña

manesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ehIy CaehtuCitç kiriyarmáab´nUvkareb[t

edaysm|tþienaH edayKuNCatienaH eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH

eb[n Casm|tþiénkruNaenaHç karekItRBm énesckþIesak Cavibtþi


visuTÆimK< ERb

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énkruNaenaH . muTita

204

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eBalehIy za ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay eRBaHemtþaecetavimutþin@uH

mankiriyarIkrayTUeTA

Calk¡N;ç

mankiriyamin

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvBüa:Tç

b\sSaCakic©ç mankiriyakMcat´bg´nUvGrti Caplç mankiriyabgØaj

kruNaecetavimutþin@uH

nUvsm|tþiénstVTaMgLayCaehtuç

GavuesaTaMgLay

kiriyacUleTArmáab´nUvGrti

Ca

sm|tþiénmuTitaenaHç karekItRBm énsMeNIcCavibtþiénmuTitaenaH . óebk¡a mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CakNþalkñúgstV TaMgLayCalk¡N;ç

mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBesμIKña

nUvGrti

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvkareb[teb[nç eRBaHmuTitaecetavimutþin@uH

‘KWesckþImineRtkGr’ç

eRBaH mñal

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

eRBaH

óebk¡aecetavimutþin@uH CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvraK; ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘sRtUvCitnigqáayrbs´RBhμvihar’

kñúgstVTaMg

LayCakic©ç mankarcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´nigesckþIRsLaj´

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgenaH sMrab´RBhμviharmYYy> mansRtUv

Caplç mankarsMEdgnUvPaBénstVCaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn Edl

BIr > edayGMNacénsRtUvCit nig qáay . GZib|ayza raK; Ca

RbRBwtþeTAehIyy¨agenHza ²stVTaMgLaymankmμCarbs´xøÜn stV

sRtUvCit rbs´emtþaRBhμvihar

TaMgLayenaH nwgCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsuxkþI nwgrYccakTuk¡kþI

cMENkesμIKña kñúgkiriyabgØajnUvKuN dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursRtac´

nwgminvinas caksm|tþiEdlxøÜn:nehIykþI edayesckþIKab´citþ

eTAkñúgTICit raK;enaHEtg:nnUveTasCaeRK]gqøgcuH y¨agRsYl .

énkmμ³ dUecñH Caehtuç karcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´ nig esckþI

eRBaHehtuenaH emtþa RBHeyaKavcrRtUvrkSao:nlÁ GMBIraK;enaH

RsLaj´ Casm|tþiénóebk¡aenaHç karekItRBménkarRBegIykenþIy

Büa:T CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´emtþa’ eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig

EdlKμanjaNEdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWtNØa Cavibtþi énóebk¡aenaH .

Büa:TmancMENkesμIKña nigminesμIKña dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursEdl

‘RbeyaCn¾énRBhμvihar’

GaRs&ynUvjats|aténéRBmanPñMCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

k*ÉesckþIsux EdlekItGMBIvibsSnakþI kardl´RBm eday

minRtUvP&yxøacGMBB I üa:TenaHeT

PBkþI CaRbeyaCn¾TUeTA énRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enaHÉg . kar

buK<lnwgcMerInemtþapg

pþac´pþilnUvsRtUvmanBüa:TCaedIm CaRbeyaCn¾edayELk . Bit

dUecñaH

Emn bNþaRBhμviharTaMgenaH emtþa mankarpþac´pþilnUvBüa:TCa RbeyaCn¾ç RBhμviharTaMgLayeRkAenHmankarpþac´pþilnUvkareb[t eb[n karmineRtkGr nig raK;CaRbeyaCn¾ . smdUcRBHsarIbuRt

eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig raK; man

RtUvcMerInemtþacuH . tamZmμta

nwgeZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgpg

eRBaHehtu

ehtuenH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT . eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIy eday

n&ymann&y za

²buK<l kalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUvkarmin

1- suÇ TIÇ :dÇ PaKTI 19 TMB&rTI 203 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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206

RBhμviharnieTÞs

:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr CaTIKab´

eRBaHPav;énmuTita nig eKhsitesamnsS mancMENkesμIKña kñúg

citþ CateRmkéncitþ RbkbedayelakamiskþI kalrlwkeXIjnUv

karbgØajnUvsm|tþi cMENkesckþImineRtkGr‘Grti’CasRtUvqáay

rUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:nkñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy Edlrlt´

‘rbs´muTita’ eRBaHPav;énGrti mancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKña

ehIy EdlERbRbYlkþI ehIyk*ekIteTamnsSeLIgç eTamnsSNa

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt GMBIGrtienaHeT Kb|I

mansPaBdUecñH eTamnsSenaH tzaKtehAza eKhsiteTamnsS

cMerInmuTitacuH .

‘ eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞH KWkamKuN ’ ³

nwgGpSúk kñúgesnasn;d*sáat´ ß kñúgsmz; nig vibsSnapg

sRtUvkñúgTICit

rbs´kruNaRBhμvihar

dUecñHCaedIm

Ca

eRBaHkruNanigeKhsit-

eTamnsSmancMENkesμIKñakñúgkiriyabgØajnUvvibtþiç

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwgCaGñkrIkrayTUeTApg

eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT .

kareb[teb[n

cMENkxag eKhsitGJ¦aNóebk¡a ‘óebk¡aminmanjaN

CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´kruNa’ eRBaHPav;énvihwsamancMENk

EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’ EdlmkehIy edayn&ymann&y

esμIKña nig minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt

za ²eRBaHeXIjnUvrUb edayckú¡ óebk¡a ‘PaBRBegIykenþIy’ rEmg

GMBIkareb[teb[nenaHeT Kb|IcMerInkruNacuH . tamZmμta buK<l

ekIteLIg dl´buzuC¢n Gñklág´exøA vegVgvgVn´ GñkmankielsRkas´

nwgeZVInUvkruNakþI nwgeb[teb[n ‘nUvstV’ edayeRK]gRbharTaMg

GñkminQñHnUvEdnKWelaP; GñkminQñHnUvvi:k GñkmineXIjeTas

Layman:tédCaedIm eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCa

Gñkmin:nsþab´ç óebk¡a Na mansPaBEbbenH óebk¡aenaH min

TItaMgeT .

RbRBwtþknøgnUvrUb eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡aenaH tzaKtRtas´ehAza

esamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIyeday

eKhsita ‘GaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’³ dUecñHCaedIm CasRtUvd*Cit

n&ymann&yCaedIm za ²buK<lkalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUv

rbs´óebk¡aRBhμvihar

karmin:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr Ca

sitGJ¦aNóebk¡a

TIKab´citþ

BicarNanUveTas nig KuNç

CateRmkéncitþ

RbkbedayelakamiskþI

kalrlwk

eRBaHPav;énóebk¡aRBhμvihar nig eKh-

mancMENkesμIKña

edayGMNacénkiriyamin

esckþIzñaMgzñak´edayraK;

CasRtUv

eXIjnUvrUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:n kñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy

qáay ‘rbs´óebk¡a’ eRBaHraKb|diX;enaH mancMENkesμIKña nig

Edlrlt´ehIy

minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIteLIy GMBI

esamnsSNa

EdlERbRbYlkþI mansPaBdUecñH

ehIyk*ekItesamnsSeLIgç esamnsSenaH

tzaKtehAza

eKhsitesamnsS³ dUecñH CasRtUvkñúgTICitrbs´muTitaRBhμvihar

raKb|diX;enaH Kb|IcMerInóebk¡acuH . RBegIykenþIypg nwgrIkraypg

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwg

nwgb¨HTg<icpg eRBaHehtudUecñaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

207

ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT ‘1’ .

208

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eyaKIKb|IcMerIn dUcKñaenaHEdr . enHCalMdab´énkarcMerInGarmμN¾

‘xagedImçççnig karcMerInGarmμN¾énRBhμvihar’

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenaH .

‘192’ k*RBhμviharTaMgGs´n@uH manktþúkamtaqnÞ; ‘esckþI

‘óebk¡aRBhμviharCaplénRBhμviharbIxagedIm’

eBjcitþkñúgPaBGñkcg´edIm|IeZVI’ CaxagedIm mankiriyasg,t´sg,in

mYyeT[t GarUbsmabtþiTaMgLay CaTIhUrecj énksiN

nUvnIvrN;CaedIm CakNþal manGb|na CaTIbMput edayGMNac

TaMgLayç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; CaTIhUrecj énsmaZiTaMg

énbJ¦tiþZm( rab´za manstVmYy CaGarmμN¾ ß manstVd*eRcIn Ca

Layç plsmabtiþ CaTIhUrecjénvibsSnaç nieraZsmabtþi CaTI

GarmμN¾ . kalebIdl´óbcar; nig Gb|naehIy karcMerIn eday

hUrecj énsmz; nig vibsSna y¨agNamijç óebk¡aRBhμvihar

GamμN¾ eTIbekIt:n .

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenH CaTIhUrecjénRBhμviharbIxagedIm k*y¨ag

kúñgkarcMerInedayGarmμN¾enaH enHKWCalMdab´ énkarcMerIn

dUecñaHEdr .

eRBaHdUcCa CagminTan´:ndaMnUvssrTaMgLay min

GarmμN¾‘dUcteTA’ . dUcCaGñkP¢ÜrEdlqøatkMNt´nUvTIEdlxøÜnKb|I

Tan´:nelIknUvZñwm nig epÞagehIy k*minGacedIm|Idak´nUvemdMbUl

P¢ÜrehIyeTIbP¢Ür y¨agNaç RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´ nUvGavasmYy Ca

nig bg,g´ BÆd*Gakas:neLIy y¨agNamijç ev[rcakttiyCÄan

dMbUgbgÁs´ ehIyKb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgstVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenaH

kñúgRBhμviharbIxagedImecjehIy RBHeyaKI k*minGacedIm|IcMerIn

edayn&ymann&yza ²stVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenHcUrkMuomaneB[r³

ctutæCÄan:n k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘ehtuGIV:nCaehAzaRBhμvihar’

dUecñHCaedIm . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIcitþoTn´ oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúg GavasenaHehIy kMNt´GavasBIr . bnÞab´GMBIGavasenaH RBH

‘esckþIRtiHriH rbs´GacarüBYkxøH’ Kb|ImankñúgGZikarenHza

R:MbI

²k*eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehA emtþa kruNa

R:MbYn db´ zñl´mYy Bak´kNþalRsuk RsukmYy CnbTmYy

muTita óebk¡aenaH za RBhμvihar /ç eRBaHehtuGVI:nCaRTg´Rtas´

GaNacRkmYy TismYy edaylMdab´ edayn&yenHehIy Kb|I

KuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH za manbYn /ç

kMNt´rhUtdl´cRkvaLmYy . mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa

RBhμviharTaMgLayn@uH/ç

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

CaRTg´Rtas´RBhμviharTaMg4 enaH za Gb|mJ¦a dUecñHeTAvij/ ³ .

eyaKIKb|IkMNt´GavasBIr

bI

bYn

R:M

kñúgTITaMgLayenaH>

R:MmYy

R:MBIr

edayéRkElg

GMBI

cRkvaLenaHk*:n . RBhμviharTaMgLay mankruNaCaedIm k*RBH 1- suÇ mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 306 .

cMENkkñúgRBHGPiZmμ

cuHGVICalMdab´ én eRBaHehtuGVI:n

x\úMnwgeBaledaHRsay ‘dUcteTAenH’ . dMbUg

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénRBhμvihar

kñúgKuNCatiman


visuTÆimK< ERb

209

210

RBhμviharnieTÞs

emtþaCaedImn@uH edayesckþIzaCaZm(d*RbesIr nig eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

eRcInedayesckþIeb[teb[nç muTita CapøÚvd*brisuTÆénbuK<lGñkeRcIn

minmaneTas . EmnBit RBhμviharZm(TaMgLayn@uH eQμaHzaCaZ(m

edayesckþImineRtkGrç óebk¡a CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñkeRcIn

CaeRK]genAd*RbesIrbMput eRBaHPav;énesckþIRbtibtþid*RbéB cMeBaH

edayteRmk eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t kareZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaH

stVTaMgLayç mYyeT[t RBhμviharTaMgLay minmancitþCaeTas

stVTaMgLay k*man 4 RbkarhñwgÉg edayGMNacénkarRbmUl

enA y¨agNaç RBHeyaKITaMgLay GñkRbkbRBmedayRBhμvihar

mknUvRbeyaCn¾

TaMgLayn@uH

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eRtkGrnUvsm|tþi nig karmin:c´taMgcitþxVl´xVay eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH Zm(TaMgLay manemtþaCaedImenaH eTIbRBHd*man

BMuenaHesateT eRb[bdUcCamata CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña nUvkarcMrug

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za RBhμvihar edayesckþIza CaZm(d*RbesIr

cMerIn dl´kUntUc kñúgcMeNamkUnTaMg 4 BYk KW kUntUc kUnEdl

bMputpg eRBaHPav;CaZm( minmaneTaspg .

QW kUnEdleBjkMeLaH nig kUnEdlxVl´xVay kñúgkic©karrbs´

CaGñkenAesμI

edayRBhμ

EmnBit

cMENkBaküenH CaesckþIedaHRsay nUvbJØaEdlza ²k*

‘193’ bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCati 4 manemtþa Ca

edIm edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCatimanemtþaCaedIm enaH edayGMNacénGakar; mankarKitRbeyaCn¾ CaedImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RbmaNmin:n

kñúgGarmμN¾

eRBaHehtuNa

man

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a . GZib|ayza kñúgPavnaTaMg 4 n@uH emtþa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ én buK<lGñkeRcIn edayBüa:Tç

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IkMcat´bg´nUvCmáW

dl´kUnEdlQW

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkartaMgenAGs´kald*yUr énkardl´

eRBaHehtuGVI eTIbRtas´za man 4 ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

CaedImenaH

xøÜn

karkMcat´ecalnUvGMeBIEdlminCaRbeyaCn¾ kar

kruNa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñk

RBmedayv&y xVl´xVay

dl´kUnEdleBjkMeLaHehIy

kñúgehtuÉNanImYy

CaGñkGs´esckþI

dl´kUnEdlxVl´xVay

kñúgkic©kar

rbs´xøÜn y¨agNamijç RBHeyaKI k*Kb|ICaGñkenA edayGb|mJ¦aZm(

edayGMNacénkarcMerInRBhμvihar

cMeBaHsBVstVTaMgLay ehtuenaH

Gb|mJ¦a

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eTIbman

4

4

manemtþaCaedIm

eRBaHehtuNaç

edayGMNacénkic©

eRBaH

manpøÚvd*

brisuTÆCaedIm CagRBhμvihar 4 enH . k*ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IcMerInGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enHÉg

Kb|IRbtibtþi

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

edayGMNacénkiriya

RbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ Camunsinç PavnaEdlman karRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾Calk¡N;hñwgÉg Caemtþaç


visuTÆimK< ERb

211

212

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bnÞab´GMBIenaHeTA RBHeyaKI:neXIjkþI :nsþab´kþI :nsresIrkþI

emtþaCaedIm kñúgTIEdlmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH sUm|Idl´stV 1³ y¨ag

‘:nRtiHriHkþI’ nUvPav;énstVTaMgLay EdlR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ y¨ag

dUecñHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalehIy za ;

enHehIy RtUvesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNac én kiriyaRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;énkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡ç Pavna EdlmankarRbRBwtiþeTA edIm|IkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡Calk¡N; hñwgÉg CakruNaç bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKI :neXIjnUvsm|tþiénstV TaMgLayenaHEdlCaGñkR:zñanUvRbeyaCn¾ nig CaGñkR:zñanUvkar R:scakesckþITuk¡ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNacén karrIkraykñúgsm|tþi ‘rbs´stVTaMgenaH’ç Pavna ‘karcMerIn’ Edl mankarrIkrayTUeTACalk¡N;hñwgÉg CamuTitaç cMENkbnÞab´GMBI muTitaenaHmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGakar;CakNþal eBalKWPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmancitþRBegIykenþIyeRBaHminmankic©Edl xøÜnKb|IeZVIç PavnaEdlmankarRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;CakNþal Calk¡N;hñwgÉg

Caóebk¡aç

eRBaHehtuenaH

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabKuNCati

4

manemtþaCaedIm

edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH edayGMNacénGakar;

mankarKitRbeyaCn¾

Ca

edImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa Ca edImenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾manRbmaN min:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBH manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a .

‘RBhμviharbIxagedImsMerc:nRtwmEtttiyCÄan’ ‘194’ Gb|mJ¦a 3 xagedIm kñúgcMeNamGb|mJ¦aTaMg4

bNÐitKb|IRCab

enaH Edlmanlk¡N;EtmYy eRBaHPav;énGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH man

lMdab´enH énGb|mJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH y¨agenH za ²RBHmanRBHPaK

RbmaNmin:n y¨agenH eTIbCaGb|mJ¦aRbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3

RTg´Rtas´emtþa Camun bnÞab´mk RTg´Rtas´kruNa muTita óebk¡a³

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

edayGMNacénGakar;manRbeyaCn¾CaedIm GMBI Gb|mJ¦a enH .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHmin:nR:scakesamnsS . k*karR:s

k*eRBaHza Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLayTaMgGs´enH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾

manRbmaNmin:nç

RbmaNmin:n RbRBwtþeTA

CaGarmμN¾

EmnBit

stVTaMgLay

énGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uHç

PavnaTaMgenaH

edayGMNacénkarpSayeTATaMgmUlEtmþg

yknUvRbmaN

man

cakesamnsSmin:nEtgmandl´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH eRBaHehtuGVI . eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

nUvGkuslZm(TaMg

Lay manBüa:TCaedIm EdlekIkGMBIeTamnsS . cMENkxag

minRbkan´

Gb|mJ¦axagcug CaGvessÉkCÄanik; ‘RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQanEt

y¨agenH za ²k*RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInGb|mJ¦a man

mYy Edlesssl´ KWctutæCÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß bJ©k,CÄan kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

213

214

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bJ©k,n&y’ . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHRbkbedayóebk¡aevTna .

mYlbg,ac´nUvRBHmanRBHPaKeLIyç eRBaHza RBHBuTÆvcn; CaZm(d*

EmnBit óebk¡aRBhμvihar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakar;CakNþal

RCaleRCA

kñúgstVTaMgLay ev[rcakóebk¡aevTna RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy .

er[nnUvRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH edayesckþIGZib|ay . k*enHCaesckþI

cMENkbuK<lNa Kb|IeBaly¨agenHza; eRBaHRBHmanRBH

GñkKb|IcUleTAGg<úyCitGacarüTaMgLayehIy

GZib|ay kñúgRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH .

Kb|I

:n»mkza RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

PaKRTg´Rtas´ edayminEbøkKña kñúgGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 kñúgGdðkni:t

Rtas´tiHed[lPikú¡enaHEdlGaraZna oRBHGg<sMEdgRBHZm(eTsna

za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH GñkKYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkb

za

edayvitk,; nig vicar;pg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,;pg

Zm(ÉNarbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKehIy CabuK<lmñak´Ég ec[secj

manEtvicar;bu¨eNÑaH KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; minman

eTA minRbmaT manBüayamdutkMedAkiels mancitþbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

vicar;pg

KYrcMerIn

RBHniBVan sUmRBHd*manRBHPaKsMEdgnUvZm(enaH oTandl´x\úMRBH

nUvsmaZi EdlminmanbItipg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbeday

Gg< edayseg¡b ‘1’ ³ dUecñH za ²y¨agenHÉg emaXbursBYkxøH

esckþIsb|aypg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbedayóebk¡a ‘1’

kñúgelakenH

pg³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaHÉg CaGb|mJ¦a

tzaKtsMEdgehIy

RbRBwtþeTAkñúgctuk,CÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß RbRBwtþeTA kñúgbJ©k,CÄan

tambu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuEdlPikú¡enaHsþab´nUvZm(rbs´tzaKt

kñúgbJ©k,n&y .

sUm|IkñúgkalmunehIy k*enAEtenAkñúgTIenaHdEdl minR:zñaedIm|I

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi

EdlRbkbedaybItipg

²saZuRbéBehIy

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHGg<:nsþab´nUv

RKan´EtGaraZnatzaKtEtbu¨eNÑaH

kalebIZm(Edl

k*RKan´EtsMKal´tzaKtzaCabuK<lKYrRbRBwtþ

buK<lenaHCabuK<lKWeKKb|IeBalza ²GñkkMuKb|IeBalBakü

eZVInUvsmNZm(eLIy eRBaHPikú¡enaH dl´RBmedayóbnisS&y én

y¨agenH dl´buK<lenaHeLIy eRBaHza kalebIy¨agdUecñH sUm|I

RBHGrhtþ eRBaHehtuenaH kalRTg´TUnμannUvPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

vibsSnaTaMgLay

k*Kb|ICavibsSna

nwgPikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ ehtudUecñaH kñúgsasnaenH Gñk

k*sUm|IkñúgvibsSna

Kb|IsikSay¨aenHza citþrbs´GatμaGj nwgtaMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

TaMgLay manevTnanubsSnaCaedIm sUm|IbfmCÄan k*minmanEdrç

enAedaylÁ TaMgBYkGkuslZm(d*lamk k*minekIteLIg RKbsg,t´

mincaM:c´eBalzVIdl´QanTaMgLay manTutiyCÄanCaedImç eRBaH

citþ:neLIy dUecñHç mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agdUecñHÉg³ . k*

ehtuenaH

mUlsmaZi RtwmEtPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy edayGMNacén

mankayanubsSnaCaedIm

EdlRbkbedayctuk,CÄan

nig

bJ©k,CÄanç

GñkkMu:nRbkan´ nUvRtwmEtRsemalénBüJ¢n;

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 277 .

ehIy

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 276 .


visuTÆimK< ERb citþEdlfitenAxagkñúg

215

KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

216

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´Pikú¡

za nUvsmaZiRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg dUecñHCaedIm³ dUecñH

enaH edayRBHOvaTenH . bnÞab´GMBIenaH edIm|IsMEdgnUvRBHbMNg

ehIy kalRTg´sMEdgnUvRBhμvihard*essmankruNaCaedIm Edl

za ²Pikú¡enaH mindl´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ edaysmaZimanRbmaN

CaRbZan dl´Pikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²Pikú¡Kb|IeZVI nUvkarcMerInsmaZi

bu¨eNÑH Kb|IjúaMgsmaZienaHocMerIny¨agenH³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

edayGMNacénctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn‘smaZi’ edayGMNacénemtþa dl´Pikú¡enaH y¨ag

déT³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa

enH za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa citþrbs´Gñk taMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

smaZienH CaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy

enAlÁehIy

y¨agenHç

TaMgBYkGkuslZm(

sg,t´citþ:nç

d*lamk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH

k*minekIteLIg

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

RKb za

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

za

²ecetavimutþi RbkbedaykruNa CaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

²ecetavimutþi Rbkbedayemtþa nwgCaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

ehIy

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy :neZVIodUcCayanehIy :ntMkl´

RTg´sMEdgnUvkarcMerInnUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan Edlmanemtþa

s)b´ehIy

:nR:rBÆlÁehIy³

CaedIm CaRbZan y¨agenHrYcehIy edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvsmaZiEdl

mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenHcuH ³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

manGnubsSna 4 mankayanubsSnaCaedIm CaRbZan eTIbRTg´

Rtas´bnþeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa smaZienH KWGñk:ncMerIn

Rtas´nUvRBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH CaKuN

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy y¨agenHç

CatiKWGñk:ncMerInehIy

dUecñHç

:nRbRBwtþer]y>

:nsnSMTuk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH GñkKYr

cMerInnUvsmaZienHEdlRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg .l.

Gñk

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkbedayóebk¡apg³ dUecñH .

:neZVIoeRcInehIyÇÇdz

dUecñHCaedImç

luHRBHmanRBHPaK

:neZVIoeRcInehIyy¨agenHç

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenH za ²GatμaGj nwgCaGñkman kiriyaBicarNanUvkaykñúgkayenA³ dUecñHCaedIm eTIbRTg´júaMgPikú¡

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIénRBHOvaTenaHza ; RBHmanRBHPaK

enaH osmaTannUvRBHZm(eTsna edayCakMBUlKWRBHGrhtþ za

luHRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa mUlsmaZienH CaKuN

²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH nwgCaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerIn

Cati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy edayGMNacénemtþa y¨agenHç kúñgkal

ehIy nwg:ncMerInlÁehIyy¨agenH mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH Gñk

enaH

edaysmaZimanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

nwgeTA kñúgTINa> GñknwgenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgQrenA

kaljúaMgmUlsmaZienH odl´nUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúg

kñúgTINa> GñknwgQrenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgGg<úy kñúg

GarmμN¾TaMgLaydéT ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ Kb|IcMerIn edayn&ymann&y

TINa>

GñkkMudl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

GñknwgGg<úysb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgseRmckaredk


visuTÆimK< ERb

217

kñúgTINa> GñknwgseRmckaredksb|ay kñúgTIenaH>³ dUecñH .

218

RBhμviharnieTÞs

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH y¨agenH / ³ .

eqøIyza

eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦a 3 manemtþaCaedIm bNÐitKb|I

²eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH CaóbnisS&yénviemak¡enaH>³ . EmnBit

RCabza ²Catik,CÄanika nig ctuk,CÄanika ‘KWRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 3

stVTaMgLay rEmgCarbs´minbdikUl sMrab´RBHeyaKI Gñkman

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ç

kiriyaenAedayemtþa . lMdab´enaH kalRBHeyaKI Gñkmankiriya

cMENkóebk¡abNÐitKb|IRCabza ²CaGvessÉkCÄanika‘KWRbRBwtþ

enAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgQanEtmYyd*ess’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ .

CaedIm EdlCaBN(d*brisuTÆ minbdikUl eRBaHkiriyazñwkedayvtæú

manemtþaCaedIm

k*Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLay

KWRBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´cMENkehIy

kñúgGPiZmμ

ÉeNaHdUcKñaEdr .

RbmUlnUvcitþ

kñúgBN(TaMgLaymanBN(ex[v

EdlminbdikUl citþ EtgsÞúHeTAkñúgvNÑksiNenaH edaymin:c´ RBYyeLIy . emtþaCaóbnisS&yénsuPviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

‘Gb|mJ¦amanGanuPaBepSgKña’ ‘195’ bNiÐtKb|IRCabza Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaH sUm|Ifit enAehIy eday 2 Epñk edayGMNacéntik,CÄan ß ctuk,CÄan 1

eBalmkenHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

bnÞab´GMBIemtþaenaHmk

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eTIb:nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´emtþaenaH

za ²mansuPviemak¡ y¨agéRkElg³ .

edayGMNacénGvessÉkCÄan1 dUc:neBalmkehIyenH man

sMrab´RBHeyaKIGñkmankiriyaenAedaykruNa GñkBicarNa

GanuPaBd*viess mindUcKña edayGMNacénviemak¡ mansuPviemak¡

eXIjc|as´

d*éRkElgCaedIm . EmnBit Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

vayehIyedaydMbgCaedIm eTas kñúgrUb KWCaeTasEdldwgc|as´

sMEdg oviess kñúghliTÞvsnsURt edayGMNacviemak¡ man

ehIy eRBaHekItmankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénkruNa . tmk eRBaHPav;

suPviemak¡ d*éRkElgCaedIm .

dUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

énrUbEdlxøÜndwgR:kdehIyzaCaeTas kalRBHeyaKIn@uH ebIknUv

Pikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAemtþaecetavimutþi za mansuPviemak¡d*éRk

ksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN manbfvIksiNCaedImehIy

Elg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAkruNaecetavimutþi za man

RbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgGakasCaeRK]grlas´ecalnUvrUbç citþ Etg

GakasanJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt

sÞúHeTA kñúgGakasenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy . kruNa Ca

ehAmuTitaecetavimutþi za manviJ¦aNJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg

óbnisS&y énGakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:neBal

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKtehAóebk¡aecetavimutþi za manGakiJ©-

mkenH

J¦aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg³ . sYrza ²cuHeRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBH

ehtuenaH

nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stV

bnÞab´GMBIkruNaenaHeTA

manrUbsøaksñamEdlbuK<l

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eRBaH

kruNaenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man


visuTÆimK< ERb

219

GakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ .

220

RBhμviharnieTÞs

minman tambrmtæ RbRBwtþknøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:n

cMENkÉ citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedaymuTita

sMercehIyedaylMdab´ ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgkarminman én

GñkBicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUvviJ¦aN rbs´BYkstVEdlmanesckþI

viJ¦aNEdlCabrmtæ kñúgZmμCatEdlKμan edaysPav;ç citþ Etg

rIkrayekIteLIgehIy

edayehtuénesckþIrIkrayenaH>

rEmgCa

sÞúHeTA kñúgkarminmanénviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy .

citþR:kdc|as´ehIy

kñúgkarkan´yknUvviJ¦aN

eRBaHekItman

óebk¡a CaóbnisS&y énGakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

kiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénmuTita . bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbRBwtþ

eBalmkehIyenH

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:nsMercehIy edaylMdab´

eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡a eTIbRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man

ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ

GakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ edayRbkardUecñH .

kñúgviJ¦aN

Edlmannimitþ

KWGakasCa

GarmμN¾ç citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH’ EtgsÞúHeTA kñúgviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy. muTita CaóbnisS&yénviJ¦aNJ©aytn

bnÞab´GMBIóebk¡aenaH

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeTç

‘Gb|mJ¦aeZVIklüaNZm(obribUr’ bNÐitRCab

nUvGanuPaBénGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH

edayGMNac

bnÞab´GMBImuTitaenaHeTA

énviemak¡mansuPviemak¡d*éRkElgCaedIm y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRCab

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT eRBaHehtuenaH muTitaenaH :nCaRBHman

nUvGb|mJ¦aTaMgGs´enaH mþgeT[t za ²CaKuNCati bMeBjnUvBYk

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²manviJ¦aNJ©aytnviemak¡y¨agéRkElg³ .

klüaNZm(RKb´y¨ag manTanCaedIm obribUr³ dUecñH . EmnBit

viemak¡

edayn&yEdl:neBalmkenHç

cMENk citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedayóebk¡a

RBHmhastVTaMgLay

CaGñkmancitþRbRBwtþeTAesμI

eRBaHPav;Ca

rEmgCacitþd*lM:k kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvZmμCatEdlminman eRBaH

GñkmanGZüaRs&yCaRbeyaCn¾ cMeBaHstVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPaB

Pav;CaGñkRBegIykenþIy kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ rbs´Gñk

CaGñkGt´RTaMmin:nnUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPav;

déT mansux nig Tuk¡CaedIm

eRBaHminmanesckþIkgVl´ za ²stV

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkarfitenA Gs´kalyUr cMeBaHsm|tþi

TaMgLaycUrCastVdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux ß ßza stVTaMgLay

viessrbs´stVTaMgLaypg nig eRBaHPaBminmankarZøak´cuHeTA

cUrrYccakTuk¡ mYyvijeT[t stVTaMgLaycUrkMuR:scakesckþIsux

kñúgbkSBYk kñúgsBVstVTaMgLaypg RTg´bMeBjnUv:rmITaMgLay

Edldl´RBmehIy³ dUecñH .

bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH man

y¨agenH KW ; ‘1’ RTg´oTan EdlCaehtuénesckþIsux cMeBaH

citþzñwk kñúgkiriyaRBegIykenþIy cMeBaHkarkan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ én

sBVstVTaMgLay minRTg´eZVInUvkarEbgEck za ²KWGatμaGj KYro

buK<ldéT nig CaGñkmancitþlM:k kñúgkarkan´yknUvZmμCatEdl

dl´CnenH minKYrodl´CnenHeT³ dUecñHç ‘2’

RTg´lHbg´ nUvKMnMu


visuTÆimK< ERb

221

KMukYn cMeBaHtVTaMgLayenaH smaTannUvsIlç ‘3’ RTg´Kb´rknUv enk¡mμ edIm|IjúaMgsIloeBjbribUrç

CaRbeyaCn¾rbs´stVTaMgLayç ‘5’ RTg´R:rBÆnUvesckþIBüayam Canic© edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stVTaMgLayç ‘6’ mYyeT[t ebITukCadl´ehIynUvesckþIekø{vkøa edayGMNacesckþI Büayamd*x¬g´x¬s´ k*RTg´Gt´nUveTaskMhusmanRbkarepSg> dl´ stVTaMgLayEdrç

manRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgecjehIy bnÞab´BIRBhμvihar RBHeyaKIGñk R:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakasanJ©aytn; CadMbUg eXIjnUveTaskñúg krCrUb

edayGMNacéneTas

mankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImpg

énGaBaZTaMg 1ç000 maneraKkñúgEPñk nig Rtec[k CaedImenHpg eRBaH:LIza ²k*karkan´ykdMbg kan´yknUveRK]gs®sþa CMelaH karRbkan´xus nigkarTas´ETgKñaTaMgLay CaCMelaHdl´rUb rEmg

ehIy za ²eyIgnwgoTanenH dl´GñkTaMgLay nwgeZVInUvrbs´enH

R:kdEmnBit bu¨EnþeTasmankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImn@uH minman

dl´GñkTaMgLay³ dUecñH oeXø{gXøateLIyç ‘8’ RTg´CaGñkman

eLIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg kúñgGarUb|Qan RBHeyaKIenaHBicarNa

esckþIGZidðanminkeRmIk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stV

eXIj y¨agenHehIy CaGñkRbtibtþiedIm|IesckþIen]yNay edIm|I

TaMgLayenaHç ‘9’ RTg´CaGñkmankiriyaeZVImun edayemtþa mino

R:scakteRmk edIm|IrMlt´ nUvrUbTaMgLayEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy

eXø{gXøatcMeBaHstVTaMgenaHç ‘10’ EtminRTg´nwkR:zñanUvóbkar;

júaMgctutæCÄanoekIteLIgkñúgksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN

tbvij

rhUtdl´RTg´bMeBjnUvklüaNZ(m

9 manbfvIksiNCaedIm elIkElgEtGakasksiNEdlkMNt´

TaMgLayRKb´y¨ag epSgedayBlJ¦aN 10 evsarC¢J¦aN 4

ehIy edIm|IknøgnUvkrCrUbenaH . EmnBit krCrUb CaGarmμN¾

GsaZarNJ¦aN 6 nig BuTÆZm( 18 oeBjbribUr . Gb|mJ¦a

EdlRBHeyaKIenaHknøgehIy

TaMgLayn@uHÉg CaKuNCatibMeBj nUvklüaNZm(TaMgGs´ man

k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH sUm|IksiNrUbk*mankrCrUbenaH

TanCaedImobribUr y¨agenHÉg .

CaeRK]geRb[beZ[bEdr eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

dUecñH

minRTg´júaMgesckþIebþC\a

‘196’ cMENkÉ kñúgGrUbkmμdðanTaMgLay 4 EdlRBH

EdlxøÜneZVI

edayóebk¡a

‘7’

‘GakasanJ©aytn;’

‘4’ RTg´CRmHnUvbJ¦a opUr

pg´ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´esckþIminvegVg kñúgRbeyaCn¾ nig minEmn

Garub|nieTÞs

222

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

briecäT TI9 eQμaH RBhμviharnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna

enaH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iknøg nUvksiNrUbenaHÉg . sYrza ²knøg

kñúgbkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy

edayRbkardUecñH / ³ . eqøIyza ²dUcCabursxøacBs´ RtUvBs´kñúg

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray ‘cb´ehIy’ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

éRBedjtam rt´eTAy¨agel]n eXIjnUvsøwketñatEdlviciRteday KMnUrkþI nUvvløikþI nUvExSkþI

BMuenaHesat nUvRkEhgénEpndIEdlEbk


visuTÆimK< ERb

223

RkEhgehIykþI kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´ehIy rwgrwtEtxøacrwgrwtEttk´søút CaGñkminR:zñaedIm|IeXIjvtæúenaHeLIy y¨agNamij . mYyeT[t eRb[bdUcCaburs enAkñúgRsukmYy CamYynwgbursmaneB[r GñkeZVI

224

Garub|nieTÞs mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IBN(naesckþIeRb[beZ[b manEq,Edl

RtUvRCUkéRBexVH nig bursEdlxøacexμacCaedIm kñúgkrCrUbn@uHcuH . RBHeyaKIenaH en]yNay cakksiNrUbEdlCaGarmμN¾

nUvesckþIvinas RtUvbursmaneB[renaH cUleTARbTUsþehIy eday

rbs´ctutæCÄanenaH

karsmøab´ karcab´cg nig kardutpÞHCaedIm eTAkan´RsukdéT edIm|I

eTA CaGñksÞat´CMnaj edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyecjcak

RbeyaCn¾dl´karrs´enA

sMeLg

ctutæCÄan CarU:vcr EdlsÞat´CMnajehIy eXIjnUveTas kñúg

nigkarehArkRbEhlKñanwgbursmaneB[r kñúgRsukenaHeT[t ehIy

QanenaH za ²ctutæCÄanenH eZVInUvrUb EdlGatμaGjen]yNay

k*rwgrwtEtxøac

CaGñkminR:zñacg´eXIjnUvburs

ehIy oCaGarmμN¾³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CasRtUv dl´

enaHesaHeLIy y¨agNamij . enHCaesckþIeRb[beZ[b nUvPaB

esamnsSd*Cit³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CaQaneRKatRKat

énesckþIeRb[bpÞwm kñúgkrCrUbenaH .

Cagviemak¡d*lÁit³ dUecñHpg .

k*eXIjnUvburs

rwgrwtEttk´søút

EdlmanrUb

y¨agenHehIy

CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iec[secj

EmnBit kalCaTIRBmeRB[gedaykrCrUb edayGMNacén

k*kñúgGarUb|CÄann@uH minmanGg<EdleRKatRKateT . Emn

GarmμN¾ rbs´Pikú¡ dUcCakalEdlbursTaMgLayenaH RtUvBs´ ß

Bit ctutæCÄan CarU:vcrenH RbkbedayGg< 2 hñwgÉg y¨agNaç

RtUvbursmaneB[r cUleTARbTUsþehIy . kalEdlPikú¡ RbRBwtþ

sUm|IGarUbCÄanTaMgLay k*RbkbedayGg< 2 k*y¨agenaHEdr .

knøgnUvkrCrUb:n

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

dUcCakar

‘ebIkksiN’

EdlbursTaMgenaH rt´eTAy¨agel]n nig eTAkan´RsukdéTeT[t .

RBHeyaKIenaH luHeXIjnUveTas kñúgrU:vcrctutæCÄanenaH

Pav;énPikú¡kMNt´nUvksiNrUbhñwgÉgza ²ksiNrUbenHmancMENk

y¨agenHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIRsLaj´ eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGaka-

eRb[bedaykrCrUbEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy R:zñaedIm|IRbRBwtþknøg nUv

sanJ©aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit ehIypSayksiNeTA rhUt

ksiNrUbenaHÉg

eXIjnUvvtæú

dl´TIbMputéncRkvaL ß rhUtdl´TIEdlxøÜnR:zña ehIyeZVITukkñúg

EdlRsed[gBs´ mansøwketñatEdlviciRtehIy edayKMnUrCaedIm

citþnUvOkasEdlksiNrUbenaHpSayeTAdl´za ²Gakas³ dUecñHkþI

nig nUvbursCaGñkR:kdesμIedaybuK<lmaneB[r kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´

za ²Gakas KμanTIbMput³ dUecñHkþI eTIbebIknUvksiN:n . k*RBH

eTAehIy nig kñúgRsukmYy ehIyP&yxøac nig minR:zñaedIm|ICYb

eyaKI kalebIknUvksiN minmUr dUcCabuK<lmUrkenÞlEpgeT min

RbTHeLIy .

erIeLIg dUcCabuK<lelIkeLIg nUvnMGMBIGMEbgeT RKan´EtElgnwkna

dUcCaPav;énbursTaMgLayenaH


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226

Garub|nieTÞs

ElgeZVITukkñúgcitþ ElgBicarNanUvksiNenaHbu¨eNÑaHç RBHeyaKI

EGbs)b´ kñúgksiNTaMgLaymanbfvIksiNCaedIm . EmnBit

kalminnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa Etza eZVITukkñúgcitþnUv

sUm|IkñúgGakasanJ©aytnQanenH Cv&nTaMgLaybI ß bYn kñúg

OkasEdlksiNrUbenaH Bal´RtUvehIy edayBit za ²Gakas

cMENkxagedIm Cakamavcr sm|yutþedayóebk¡aevTnahñwgÉg .

Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHzaebIknUvksiN . sUm|IksiN kalRtUv

Cv&n TI 4 ß Cv&n TI 5 CaGrU:vcr .

RBHeyaKIebIk

eBalmkehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

k*minEmnrbUteLIg

minEmnx©at´x©ayeLIy

Ca

ZmμCatEdlGaRs&ynUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ dl´ksiNrUbenH nig eZVI

Baküd*ess mann&ydUc

‘esckþIepSgKñakñúgGakasanJ©aytn;’

Tukkñúgcitþ za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eTIbeQμaHza RtUv:nebIk

cMENkesckþIepSgKña dUcteTAenH . kalebIGrU:vcrcitþ

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaH . karebIkksiNzaGakasbu¨eNÑaH EtgR:kd .

ekIteLIgehIy y¨agenHç Pikú¡enaH kalsMLwgemIlnUvmNÐl én

BaküTaMgGs´enH za ²karebIknUvksiNzaGakas³ dUecñHkþI

ksiN edayQanckú¡ kñúgkalmun enAehIyç kalebInimitþenaH

za ²GakasRtUvksiNBal´RtUvehIy³ dUecñHkþI za ²GakasEdl

RtUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμ za ²Gakas Gakas³ enH naMecj

sáat´cakksiN³ dUecñHkþI CaBaküEtmYyEmnBit .

ehIy edayrh&sç k*enAsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg eRb[bdUc

‘óbcar;

CabursGñkcgnUvmat´NamYy kñúgcMeNammat´TaMgLay manmat´

nig

Gb|na’ nUvksiNuK¹adikasnimitþ

yan mat´BagtUc nig mat´qñaMgCaedIm edaykMNat´sMBt´B(N

enaH za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHza eZVIoeTACanimitþEdl

ex[v ß edaykMNat´sMBt´BN(ÉNamYy bNþaBN(TaMgLay

esckIþRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

oeTACanimitþEdlesckþInwkRtiHriH

manBN(el]g BN(Rkhm nig BN(-s CaedIm ehIysMLwg

sÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH BicarNaer]y> y¨agenH

emIlç kalebIkMNat´sMBt´ RtUvkMLaMgxül´ ß RtUvvtæúNanImYy

kaleZVIoeTACanimitþEdlesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

naMykeTAehIy eQμaHza QrsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg y¨ag

RBHeyaKIenaH

BicarNaer]y>

EdlesckþInwkRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIyç

oCanimitþ

nIvrNZm(TaMgLay

rEmg

dUecñaHÉg .

sáb´rmáab´:n sti rEmgtaMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmgtaMgenAmaM eday

k*Pikú¡enaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²cUleTAsMerc

óbcar;. RBHeyaKIenaHesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaHer]y>.

dl´GakasanJ©aytn; ehIyenA edayeZVITukkñúgcitþza ; Gakas

kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH BicarNa eZVITukkñúgcitþ er]y> y¨agenHç

Gakas dUecñH eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH

GakasanJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbs)b´ BÆd*Gakas dUcCarU:vcrcitþ

dl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

227

228

Garub|nieTÞs bTza ²smtik,ma³ esckþIza eRBaHR:scakteRmk nig

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg ³ dUecñH .

‘EksBVesa’ kñúg:f;TaMgenaH bTza ²sBVesa³ KWedayGakarTaMgBYg. esckþIza ²TaMgGs´ ß minmanesss´³ .

eRBaHrlt´ . sYrza ²manGZib|aydUcemþc / ³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaH R:scakteRmk nig eRBaHrlt´ KWeRBaHehtuénkarR:scakraK; nig eRBaHehtuénkarrlt´ nUvrUbsJ¦a eBalKWQan 15 eday

‘EkrUbsJ¦anM’

GMNacénkusl vi:k nig kiriyaTaMgenaH nig nUvrUbsJ¦a eBal

bTza ²rUbsJ¦anM³ :ndl´nUvrU:vcrQanEdl:neBal

KWGarmμN¾ 9 TaMgenaH edayGMNacénksiN manbfvIksiN

ehIy edayRbZanKWsJ¦apg nig nUvGarmμN¾rbs´rU:vcrQan

CaedIm edayGakar;TaMgBYg ß minmanesssl´ eTIbcUleTA

enaHpg . EmnBitsUm|IrU:vcrQan k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

sMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;ehIyenA . eRBaHza RBHeyaKIEdl

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²buK<l:nnUvrUbCÄan

manrUbsJ¦aminTan´:nknøgehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg k*minGac

rEmgeXIjnUvrUbTaMgLay

dUecñHç

edIm|IcUleTAsMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;enaHehIyenA:neT³ .

sUm|IGarmμN¾ rbs´rU:vcrQanenaH k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvsJ¦a minmandl´RBHeyaKIGñkminTan´R:scak

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLayza ²buK<lBYkxøH eXIjnUvBYkrUb

raK;ehIykñúgGarmμN¾ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH bu¨Enþ kalebI

xageRkA EdlmanBN(lÁ nig BN(GaRkk´ ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sJ¦aTaMgLayRbRBwtþknøgeTAehIyç GarmμN¾ k*CaZmμCatRbRBwtþ

‘1’ ‘mannIlksiNCaedIm’³

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIenH BaküenHza ²esckþIsMKal´kñúgrUb

knøgeTAehIydUcKñaEdr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBH

eQμaHza rUbsJ¦a³ dUecñH Kb|IRCabza CaeQμaH énrU:vcrQan

d*manRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´ehIy nUvkarRbRBwtiþknøg nUvGarmμN¾

Edlelak:neBalehIyedayyksJ¦aCaRbZan y¨agenHÉg.

kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHeT

rUb CasJ¦aénGarmμN¾enaH eRBaHehtuenaH GarmμN¾enaH eQμaHza

sJ¦abu¨eNÑaH kñúgviPg< y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

rUbsJ¦a . GZib|ayza ²rUb CaeQμaH énQanenaH³ . k*bNÐit

etIdUcemþc/

Kb|IRCabza BaküenaH CaeQμaH énGarmμN¾ énrU:vcrQanenaH

rbs´buK<lGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrsmabtþikþI

epSgedayksiN manbfvIksiNCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’

‘Eksmtik,ma’ 1–

2- suÇ mÇ mÇ

PaKTI 24 TMB&rTI 163-164 .

karsMKal´

RTg´Rtas´EtkarRbRBwtiþknøg

GakarsMKal´

kþI

PaBénkarsMKal´

nUv

Na

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúgbc©úb|nñ

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’kþIç enH ehAza rUbsJ¦aç buK<lCaGñkknøg RbRBwtþknøg Qanknøg nUvrUbsJ¦aTaMgenH eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIb


visuTÆimK< ERb

229

eBalza ²eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edaysBVRKb´ ‘1’ ³ .

230

Garub|nieTÞs

GñkcUlrU:vcrCÄan manbfmCÄanCaedIm eRBaHza kñúgsm&yenaH

bu¨Enþ ‘GrU:vcr’ smabtþiTaMgLayn@uH KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:n

citþ rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénbJ©TVar k*BitEmnç kal

sMerc edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ mindUcCarU:vcrQanTaMg

ebImanRbkardUecñH kareBalnUvbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH kñúgGaka-

LaymanbfmCÄanCaedIm KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:nsMerc kñúgGarmμN¾

sanJ©aytnkzaenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkareBal

EtmYybu¨eNÑaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH esckþIBN(naenH

sresIrnUvQanenH edIm|IjúaMgesckþIxμIXμatoekIteLIg kñúgQan

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

enH dUcCakareBalnUvsux nig Tuk¡ TaMgLay EdlRBHeyaKIlH

²KWelakeZVIehIy

edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþi

knøgnUvGarmμN¾hñwgÉg³ .

bg´:nehIy kñúgQandéT kñúgctutæCÄan nig dUcCakareBal nUv

‘EkbdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma’

TidðiTaMgLaymansk,ayTidðiCaedIm EdlRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy

BIrbTza ²bdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma³ esckþIza karsMKal´

kñúgmK<déT kñúgttiymK< . mYyeT[t sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman

EdlekIteLIgRBmehIy eRBaHkiriyab¨HnUvvtæúTaMgLay manckú¡ Ca

sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKIGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrCÄanehIy k*BitEmn EtebI

edIm nignUvGarmμN¾TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHzabdiXsJ¦a .

TukCadUecñaH sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH rEmgminman eRBaHPav;énsJ¦a

Baküza bdiXsJ¦an@uH CaeQμaH énsJ¦aTaMgLay manrUbsJ¦a

TaMgenaH KWRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy k*eTEdr . eRBaHza karcMerIn

CaedIm . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²bNþasJ¦aTaMg

rU:vcrCÄan minRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakteRmkkñúgrUb . cMENk

enaH bdiXsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ KW rUbsJ¦a sTÞsJ¦a KnÆsJ¦a

karRbRBwtþieTA énrU:vcrPavnaTaMgLayn@uH CaZmμCatidittamrUb .

rssJ¦a epadðBVsJ¦a sJ¦aTaMgenH ehAza bdiXsJ¦a ‘2’ ³ .

cMENk PavnaenH RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakraK;kñúgrUb . eRBaH

eRBaHdl´nUv

ehtuenaH nwgeBalza ²bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBHeyaKIlH

kartaMgenAmin:n KWeRBaHlHbg´ eRBaHminekIteLIgRBm GZib|ay

bg´:nehIy kñúgGarUbTI1 enH³ dUecñH k*KYr nig minEmnRtwmEt

za eRBaHeZVIminoRbRBwtþeTA énbdiXsJ¦aTaMg 10 enaH eday

eBalbu¨eNÑaHeLIy sUm|IRTRTg´esckþITuk y¨agenH edaycMENk

RbkarTaMgBYg

mYyhñwgÉg k*KYrEdr .

‘RBHeyaKIcUldl´GakasanJ©aytnCÄan’

dUecñHKW

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay

5

Cakuslvi:k

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay 5 CaGkuslvi:k . bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKavcr 1- 2- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 286 .

k*eRBaHbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBH

eyaKIlHminTan´:n kñúgQanmun GMBQ I anenHenaHÉg RBHman RBHPaKRtas´za ²sMeLg Cabnøa rbs´GñkcUlbfmCÄan ‘1’ ³ . 1- suÇ GMÇ TÇ PaTI 50 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb cMENkkñúgGarUb|CÄanenH

231

GarUbsmabtíþTaMgLay

232

Garub|nieTÞs

RBHd*manRBH

sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 11 sJ¦a CaGkuslvi:k 2 sJ¦a

PaKRTg´Rtas´zaCaKuNCatminjab´j&r nig CaKuNCatrYcRsLH

Cakamavcrkiriya 11 CasJ¦amanPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg>

ehIyedayesckþIsáb´

KWRBH

minesμIKñanwgKñaeT eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH sJ¦aTaMgenaH

eyaKIlHbg´:nehIy EmnBit . dUcGaLartabskalameKaRt

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²nantþsJ¦a³ . eRBaHmineZVITuk

cUlGarUbsmabtþi min:neXIjreTHcMnYn 500 Edlqøgkat´eTA

kñúgcitþ KWeRBaHminnwkna eRBaHminTTUcnwk eRBaHminBicarNa nUv

ehIyenAEk|r > nig min»TaMgsMeLgreTHenaHeT[tpg dUecñHÉg .

nantþsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH

eRBaHPav;énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH

‘EknantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara’ BIrbTza

edayRbkarTaMgBYg

.

GZib|ayza

²RBHeyaKI minnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvsJ¦aTaMg

²nantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara³ esckþIza eRBaH

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsJ¦aTaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾man

enaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH ‘RBHeyaKIenaH cUleTAsMerc QanenH ehIyenA’³ .

‘esckþIepSgén:f;’

PaBepSg> ß nUvsJ¦aTaMgLayEdlmansPaBepSg> . EmnBit sJ¦aTaMgenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´EvkEjkehIy kñúgviPg<

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabza ; kñúgsJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH nantþsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ esckþI

nig bdiXsJ¦a mankñúgkalmun rEmgminman sUm|IkñúgPB Edl

sMKal´

ekItehIy edayQanenHEmnBit caM:c´niyayzVI kñúgkalCaTI

GakarsMKal´

PaBénkarsMKal´

Na

rbs´buK<lGñk

min:ncUlkan´ ‘rUbsmabtþi’ CaGñkRBmeRB[g edaymenaZatukþI

cUleTAsMercnUvQanenH

CaGñkRBmeRB[gedaymenaviJ¦aNZatukþI

eRBaHehtuenaH

enHehAza

nantþsJ¦a

ehIyenA

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

kñúgPBenaH

eRBaHehtuNaç

RTg´Rtas´karminmanEmnBit

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç sJ¦a EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgykehIy kñúg

énrUbsJ¦a nig bdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH Ca 2 Epñk za ²eRBaHRbRBwtþ

TIenH CasJ¦ase®g<aHcUlkñúgmenaZatu ß menaviJ¦aNZatu énRBH

knøg eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n³ dUecñH . bu¨EnþkñúgnantþsJa¦

eyaKIGñkmin:ncUlsmabtþi

kñúgGarmμN¾Edl

TaMgLay sJ¦aTaMgLay 27 enH KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl

manPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg> EdlepSgKña edayrUb nig

8 sJ¦a Cakiriya 9 sJ¦a CaGkusl 10 rEmgman kñúgPB

sMeLgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t sUm|IsJ¦aTaMg 44 enH

EdlekItehIy

y¨agenH

bNiÐtKb|IRCabza RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²eRBaHmineZVITuk

1- GPiÇ viÇ

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 8 sJ¦a CaGkusl 12 PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 287 .

edayQanenH

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH³ dUecñHÉg . EmnBitsUm|IkúñgPBenaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

233

234

Garub|nieTÞs

‘EkGakasanJ©aytnM’

RBHeyaKI kalcUleTAsMercnUvQanenH eQμaHza cUleTAsMerc

cMENkkñúg:f;enHza

ehIyenA eRBaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaHhñwgÉg .

²cUlkan´GakasanJ©aytn;sMerc

EtRBHeyaKI kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH eQμaHza Ca

«riyabz³ manGtævieRKaHza TIbMputénGakasenaH minman eRBaH

Gñkmin:ncUlQaneT .

ehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput . Gakas minman TIbMput eQμaHzaGakasminmanTIbMput . GakasminmanTIbMputhñwg

‘esckþIedayseg¡b’ bu¨EnþbNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIGZib|ay edayseg¡b kúñgbT

Ég eQμaHzaGakasanJ©;‘GakasminmanTIbMput’ . GakasanJ©

TaMgenaH za ; RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ nUvkarlHnUvkamavcrZ(m

enaH

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edaybTenHza ²eRBaHRbRBwtþknøg nUvrUbsJ¦a

GaRs&y’

TaMgLay³ dUecñHç RTg´Rtas´karlH nig karmineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvcitþ

edaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza ²TICaTIenAéneTvtaTaMgLay³ dUecñH

nig ectsik EdlCakamavcrTaMgLayTaMgBYg edaybTenH za

eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIb:neQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn;

²eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay eRBaHmin

‘QanmanGakasminmanTIbMputCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküza ²cUl

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgLay³ dUecñH .

kan´ÇÇÇenA³

‘EkGnenþa Gakaesa’

‘GakasminmanTIbMputenaH’ edayGtæza

esckþIza

eQμaHza

Gaytn;

CaTIenAGaRs&yénQanenH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘CaTIenA

EdlRbkb

dl´nUvGakasanJ©aytn;

enaHehIy KWjúaMgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHosMercehIyenA eday

kñúg:f;za ²GakasminmanTIbMput³ enH manviniqä&ydUct

Zm(CaeRK]genA eday«riyabzd*smKYr dl´QanenaH .

eTAenH . TIbMputénkarekIteLIgkþI TIbMputénkarsabsUnüeTAkþI min

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakasanJ©aytnkmμdðan .

manR:kd dl´GakasenaH eRBaHehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza

‘viJ¦aNJ©aytn;’

minmanTIbMput . GakasCaTIebIknUvksiNelakehAzaGakas .

‘197’ cMENkÉRBHeyaKI GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvviJ¦aN-

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énTIminmanTIbMput kñúgGakasenaH

J©aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþehIy kñúgGakasanJ©a-

edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþk*:n . eRBaHehtudUecñHÉg :nCa

ytnsmabtþi

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²Pikú¡tMkl´ taMgTuk

GakasanJ©aytn;za ²smabtþienH CasRtUvdl´GrU:vcrCÄan d*

nUvcitþ

Cit nig CaKuNCatd*lÁit dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; k*eTEdr³ dUecñH

kñúgGakasenaH

pSayeTAkan´TIEdlminmanTIbMput

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza GakasminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH .

eRBaH

ehIy

edayGakar;TaMgLay

5

eXIjnUveTas

kñúg

RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

235

236

Garub|nieTÞs

ehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; edayzaCaKuNCatd*lÁit

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH manGZib|ayza sUm|IQan k*

Kb|IrMBwgemIlnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA

pSayeTAkan´GakasenaH

eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza Gakasa-

ehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNaCaer]y> za ²viJ¦aN viJ¦aN³

nJ©aytn; tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgkalmun . BitEmnehIy

dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

o

CaZmμCat KWesckþIKitriHrk sÞÜyeLIgehIy .

²GakasminmanTIbMputpg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

bu¨Enþ minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanTIbMput minmanTIbMput³

‘TIenAGaRs&y’

eRBaHGtæzaCaTIenAGaRs&y

dUcCa

eTvaytn;

dUecñHeT . kalRBHeyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþ

‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´BYkeTvta eRBaHGakasanJ©aytn;enaH Ca

enaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLay k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti EtgtaMg

GarmμN¾rbs´GarUbCÄan TI1 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunnu@HÉg . n&y

enAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨ag

za ²GakasanJ©;pg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;‘CaTI

enH viJ¦aNJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgviJ¦aN

ekIt’ edayesckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa Ca

EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas

Gaytn;‘CaTIkMeNIt’ énesHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGaka-

dUcCaGakasanJ©aytncitþ

EGbCit

sanJ©aytn;enaH CaTIedImkMeNIt rbs´QanenaHpg³ dUecñHxøH

kñúgGakas dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH bNiÐtKb|I RCab tamn&yEdleBalehIy ‘kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;n@uH’ cuH .

k*:nEdr . eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH RBHeyaKI RtUvRbRBwtþknøg TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenHÉg edayeZVI

k*edayPavnanuRkm manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH KW

minoRbRBwtþeTA nig edaymineZVITukkñúgcitþ bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUlkan´

RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;enHehIyseRmc«riyabz eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³

ehtuenaH Baküza ²knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|I

dUecñHehIycUlkan´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc«riyabz³ dUecñHÉg .

RCabza ²elakeBalehIy eZVInUvQan nig GarmμN¾TaMg 2 y¨ag

‘EkGtækñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;’ kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²edayRbkarTaMgBYg³ enHmann&y dUceyIg:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg .

cMENkkñúgBaküza ²RbRBwtþ

enaH cUlCamYyKña³ dUecñH . Rtg´Baküza ²GnnþM viJ¦aNM³ GZib|ayza RBHeyaKIeZVITuk kñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþpSayeTA y¨agenHza Gakasminman


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TIbMput dUecñHenaHÉg za ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . n&y

énQanenaH EdlRbkbRBmehIyedaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza

mYyeT[t

eTvsæan

viJ¦aNenaH

minmanTIbMput

edayGMNacénkareZVITuk

rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH

QanenaH

eTIb

kñúgcitþ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdl

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘Qan manviJ¦aN minmanTIbMput Ca

manGakasCaGarmμN¾enaH edayminmanesssl´ eQμaHza eZVI

TIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküd*ess mann&ydUcBN(na munhñwgÉg .

Tukkñúgcitþza ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNaEdl

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnkmμdðan .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg<za; Rtg´Baküza ²viJ¦aN

‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;’

minmanTIbMput³ KW Pikú¡ eZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaHGakasenaHpg Edl

‘198’

ÉRBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Bal´RtUvehIy edayviJ¦aN pSayeTAkan´TIminmanTIbMput eRBaH

Kb|ICaGñkmankarRbRBwtþisÞat´ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnsmabtþi eday

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput ‘1’³ dUecñHç bTza

Gakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyeXIjnUveTas kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn; za

²viJ¦aeNn³ kñúgBaküenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabzaCa ttiyaviP&tþi ‘eRbI’ kñúgGtæ énTutiyaviP&tþi . eRBaHRBHGdðkzacarüTaMgLay BN(na nUvesckþIénbTenaH y¨agenHÉg . manGZib|ayza ²RBHeyaKI enaH pSayeTA KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNEdlBal´RtUvnUvGakas enaHÉg EdlminmanTIbMput³ . cMENkkñúgbTmatikaza ²cUldl´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc «riyabz³ enH manGtævieRKaHza ²TIbMput énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtuenaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput .

viJ¦aN

minmanTIbMputenaHÉg eQμaHza GanJ©; . elakmin:neBal za ²viJ¦aN CaGanJ©; eQμaHza viJ¦aNanJ©;³ dUecñH ‘Et’ eBalza ²viJ¦aNJ©;³ dUecñHvij . enHÉg Cas&BÞpuseLIg kñúgGtæenH . viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHzaGaytn; edayesckþIzaCaTIenAGaRs&y 1- GPiÇ viÇ PaKTI 81

TMB&rTI 288 .

²smabtþienH mansRtUvKWGakasanJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;eT³dUecñHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; eday za CaZmμCatd*lÁit ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkarminman nUvPaBesaH sUnü nUvGakar;EdlTeT énkardwgkñúgGakasanJ©aytn; Edl CaGarmμN¾énviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaHÉg . sYrza Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUcemþc / . eqøIyza minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNenaHeT Kb|InwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa za ²minman minman³ ß za ²esaHsUnü esaHsUnü³ ß za ²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH er]y> Kb|IeZVI Tukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy oCaZmμCat KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH júaMgcitþo RbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþenaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLayk*rEmg sáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; .


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RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kal

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH RBH

RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç GakiJ©J¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit kñúg

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;

PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´ ß PaBminman énmhK<tviJ¦aN Edl

edayRbkarTaMgBYg eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanGVItictYceLIy³ cUl

RbRBwtþpSayeTAkan´GakasenaHÉg dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘citþ’

kan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

‘EkGtækñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;’

EGbEnb kñúgmhK<tviJ¦aN EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas . cMENkn&yénGb|na sUm|IkñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;enH bNÐit

sUm|IkñúgTIenH Baküza ²sBVesa³ k*mann&ydUcBN(namk

Kb|IRCabtamn&yEdleBalehIyn@uHÉg . EtenHCan&yviess .

ehIyenaHEdr . k*kñúgbTza ²viJ¦aNJ©aytnM³ enHÉg :ndl´

EmnBit kalebIGb|nacitþenaH ekIteLIgehIyç Pikú¡enaH eXIjnUv

TaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; mann&yEdl

viJ¦aN ‘esckþIdwgc|as´’ EdlRbRBwtþeTA BÆd*Gakas edayckú¡

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmundUcKñaEdr . EmnBit sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*

KWviJ¦aNJ©aytnCÄan kñúgkalmunç kalebIesckþIdwgc|as´enaH

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aN minmanTI

rlt´:t´eTAehIyç edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμza ²minman min

bMputpg viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

man³ dUecñHCaedIm k*eXIjEtPaBminman eBalKWkiriyaeTAR:s

enAGaRs&y dUcBaküza eTvsæan ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´eTvtaTaMg

énesckþIdwgc|as´enaHEtbu¨eNÑaH seRmc«riyabz eRb[bdUcburs

Lay eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaGarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TIBIrpg³

eXIjnUvPikú¡sg¹EdlRbCMuKña edaykrNIykic©NamYy kñúgTITaMg

dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg . n&ymYyEbbeT[t GarmμN¾k*eQμaHza

Lay

kñúgeBl

viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aNJ©;pg viJ¦NJ©;

eRkakeLIgehIy

enaH eQμaHza CaGaytn;edayesckþIzaCaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza

ec[secjeTAç k*mkvij QrRtg´TVar emIlnUvTIenaHeT[t k*eXIj

Ednkem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KWTIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay dUecñH

EtPaBsUnü eXIjEtPaBsáat´QwgbueNÑaHç esckþInwkKit Ebb

CaedIm eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaehtuCaTIkMeNIt rbs´QanenaH

enH minman dl´bursenaH za ²søab´ehIy! BYkPikú¡ manRbmaN

dUcKñaEdr³ dUecñHk*:n . GakiJ©J¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKIRtUvknøg

bu¨eNÑH eZVIkalkiriyaehIy ß ec[secjeTA:t´Gs´ehIy³ dUecñH

TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenH edaykarmin

ebItamBiteTA bursenaH eXIjnUvPaBminman za ²TIenHsUnü TIenH

eZVI ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ oRbRBwtþeTApg edaykarmineZVITuk

sáat´Qwg³ Etbu¨eNÑaH y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kñúgcitþ ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ pg bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUleTAsMerc

manTImNÐlCaedIm

Edlcb´kic©RbCMuhñwgÉg

ehIyk*eTAkñúgTIÉNamYyç

kalebIPikú¡TaMgLay


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sRmanþenA:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþ

rlt´ k*minmanEdr³ .

knøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²elakeBal

BaküenH CaeQμaH énkarR:scakénviJ¦aN kñúgGakasanJ©a-

rYmykQan nig GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agenaH cUlCamYyKña³ .

ytn; . GakiJ©J¦;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

Baküza ²ntiæ

Pav; énGakiJ©n; eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦; .

kiJ©i³ n@uH manGZib|ayza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

enAGaRs&y énQanenaH dUcCaBaküza eTvsæan rbs´eTvtaTaMg

y¨agenH za ²minman minman³ za ²esaHsUnü esaHsnü³ za

Lay eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn;

²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

‘QanmanPaBminmanénviJ¦aNGVItictYcCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Bakü

Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ; Rtg´bTza ²vtæútictYc minman³ KW Pikú¡

d*ess k*manesckþIdUcBakümunenaHEdr .

eZVIviJ¦aNenaHÉgminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´viJ¦aN

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytnkmμdðan .

enaHeTA rEmgeXIj za ²vtæútictYc minman³ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

BaküenaH hak´dUcCa

‘199’ cMENkRBHeyaKavcr GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerIn nUvenv-

elakeBalehIy nUvkarBicarNa edaykiriyaGs´eTA k*BitEmn

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúg

ebITukCadUecñaH esckþIénBaküenaH bNÐitKb|Iyl´ dUc:neBal

GakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi edayGakarTaMgLay 5 eXIjnUveTas

mkehIy y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI minnwkrMBwg min

kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; y¨agdUecñH za ²smabtþienH mansRtUv KW

eZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvviJ¦aNenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþEtPaBmin

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

man PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´Qwg énviJ¦aNenaHEtmüa¨gbueNÑaH

eT³ dUecñH ß ‘eXIj’ za ²sJ¦a dUcCaeraKç sJ¦a dUcCabUsç

eTIbelakehAza eZVIminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´Gs´

sJ¦a dUcCakUnsrç ZmμCatnu@H lÁitç ZmμCatnu@H RbNItç ZmμCat

eTAç minEmn edayRbkar;déTeLIy³ dUecñH .

nu@HKWGVI/ ZmμCatnu@H KWenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH nig ‘eXIj’

eBalza ²vtæútictYc minman ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

ÉkñúgBaküza ²cUlkan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³

nUvGanisgS kñúgKuNEdlx¬g´x¬s´ ‘kñúgGarUbCÄanTI4’ ehIyRKb

enH manvieRKaHza ²GVItictYc énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtu

sg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; eRscehIy eZVITuk

enaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanGVItictYc³ . GZib|ayza ²GVI

kñúgcitþ nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit Kb|Inwk

Edlesssl´ énviJ¦aNenaH edayTIbMputeTA sUm|IRtwmEtkar

rMBwgnUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþiEdleZVIPaBminmanoCaGarmμN ¾

1- GPiÇ

viÇ PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 289 .

RbRBwtþeTAenaHÉg

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ Kb|IBicarNa Caer]y> za


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²lÁit lÁit³ dUecñH Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCat KWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIg

Baküza eTvaytn; rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay eRBaHGakiJ©;enaH Ca

ehIy

kalRBH

GarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TI 3 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg .

eyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTA kñúgnimitþenaH Caer]y> y¨agenHç

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmg

²GakiJ©; pg GakiJ©; enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; ‘TIkMeNIt’ eday

taMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

esckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcCaBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KW

nUvnimitþenaH er]y> . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç envsJ¦a-

TIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGakiJ©;enaHCa

nasJ¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgxnÆTaMgLay 4

ehtuedImkMeNIt énQanenaHÉg pg³ dUecñH k*:n . envsJ¦a-

eBalKWGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;‘citþ’ EGb

nasJ¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IknøgTaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMg

Cit kñúgkareTAR:sénviJ¦aN dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na

QanTaMgGarmμN¾y¨agenH edayeZVImino ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’

kñúgGZikarenH bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yEdleBalehIyenaHcuH .

RbRBwtþeTA nig edaykarmineZVITukkñúgcitþ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’ Et

oCaZmμCat

KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy

.

KW

bu¨eNÑaH ehIyKb|IcUleTA seRmc«riyabz:n eRBaHehtuNaç

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ enH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIycUlkan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; ehIy

bNÐitKb|IRCabza elakeBalehIy eRBaHrYmykTaMgQan nig

seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agnu@H cUlCamYyKña ³ dUecñH .

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘EkGtækñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

cMENkkñúgbTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ enH GZib|ay

sUm|IkñúgTIenH bTza ²sBVesa³ enH k*mann&ydUceBal

za ²QanenH eQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; eRBaHman én

mkehIyhñwgÉg . sUm|IkñúgBaküza ²GakiJ©J¦aytnM smtik,ma³

sJ¦aNa sJ¦aenaH rEmgman dl´RBHeyaKI GñkRbtibtþiy¨ag

enH k*sMedAykTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Na kñúgviPg< edIm|IsMEdgnUvesckþIRbtibtþirbs´RBHeyaKIenaH mun

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉg . BitEmn

eTIbelakelIkeLIg za ²envsJ¦InasJI¦³ dUecñHehIy eBalza

ehIy sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

²RBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHÉg edayza

za ²GakiJ©; ‘viJ¦aN minmanGVItictYc’ pg GakiJ©;enaH eQμaHza

CaZm(lÁit cMerInsmabtþimansg¡arsl´enA eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

Gaytn; ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ edayesckþIza CaTIenAGaRs&y

elakeBalza

dUcCa

²envsJ¦InasJ¦I³ .

kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

Baküza


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²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZm(lÁit³ enaH esckþIza eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

GacarüTaMgLay CaGñkqøatEmnETn eZVInUvsil|;y¨agenH «tman

GakiJ©aytn;enaH za ²Casmabtþid*lÁit³ eRBaHmanGarmμN¾d*lÁit

Tas´eLIy³ dUecñH EtRBHraCtRmiH y¨agdUecñH za ²Ohñ@ GatμaGj

y¨agenHza ²smabtþienH lÁitGVIemø¨HeThñ@! emIlcuH smabtþiNaeTA

lHbg´raCsm|tþi

nwgeZVIsUm|InUvPaBminmanoCaGarmμN¾ ehIytaMgenA:n³ dUecñH .

dl´RBHraCaenaHeT . enaHeRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHsirIraCsm|tþiman

ebImanBaküsYrza ²RBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZ(m

KuNeRcInCag . RBHGg<RTg´knøg nUvCagsil|;TaMgLayehIy k*

d*lÁit esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman y¨agdUcemþc/³ . Kb|IeqøIyza

esþcyageTAbu¨eNÑaHÉg y¨agNamijç ÉxagRBHeyaKIenH k*y¨ag

²esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmin

dUecñaHEdr eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmabtþienaH edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit k*Bit

R:zñaedIm|InwgcUl ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’³ . EmnBit RBHeyaKI

EmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH edayzaCaZm(lÁit k*

za ²GatμaGjnwgrMBwgKit GatμaGjnwgcUl GatμaGjnwgGZidðan

BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúg

GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþinu@H³ dUecñHenH

citþ za ²GatμaGj nwgrMBwgKit GatμaGj nwgcUl GatμaGj nwg

minmaneLIydl´RBHeyaKIenaH . RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

GZidðan GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþin@uH³ dUecñHenH minmandl´RBHeyaKIenaHeT . sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; lÁitCag RbNIt CagGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ . eRb[bóbmadUcCaRBHraCa RTg´Kg´elI-k dMrId*RbesIr esþcyageTAelIzñl´ kñúgRBHnKr edayRBHraCanuPaB d*eRcIn RTg´TtRBHenRteXIj nUvCagGñkmansil|;TaMgLay man Cagqøak´PøúkCaedIm kMBugEtesø{ksMBt´mYy y¨agENnehIy yk sMBt´mYyCYtk|al manxøÜnRbLak´RbLÚs edaykMeTcTaMgLay mankMeTcPøúkCaedIm ehIyeZVInUvsil|;TaMgLayCaeRcIn manrcna PøúkeZVICarUbepSg> CaedIm ehIyRTg´eBjRBHT&y kñúgesckþIeqø{v qøatrbs´CagTaMgenaH edayRtas´bJ¢ay¨agenHza ²EnevIuy! Ohñ@!

nUvsmabtþienaH

ehIyeZVICaCagsil|;EbbenH³

edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit

dUecñH

minman

tamn&ydUc:neBalehIy

kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg eTIb:ndl´nUvsJ¦a Edldl´nUvGb|nad*lÁit suxuméRkElgenaH CasJ¦aEdlCaehtuo:neQμaHza envsJ¦InasJ¦I elakehAza ²cMerInnUvsmabtþi mansg¡arsl´enA ³ . Baküza

²sg¡aravesssmabtþw³ KW GarUb|smabtþi 4

Edlmansg¡ardl´nUvPaBsuxuméRkElg . ‘200’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH QanenHÉNa EdlelakehAza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH edayGMNacénsJ¦a EdlRBH eyaKI:nseRmcy¨agenH edIm|IsMEdgnUvQanenaH edayesckþI eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ; Rtg´bTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦a-

ytnM³ :ndl´ BYkZm( KW citþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñkcUl


visuTÆimK< ERb kan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄankþI envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’ kþI

247

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

‘eday

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúg

bc©úb|nñ ‘edayenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’kþI ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . kñúg buK<lTaMg 3 BYkenaH BYkZm( KWcitþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñk cUlkan´

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’

elakGZib|ayehIy

248

Garub|nieTÞs

envsJ¦anasJ¦apg envsJ¦anasJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Gaytn; eRBaHesckþIza

CaTIenAGaRs&y

rbs´Zm(

d*essTaMgLaypg

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; . k*kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI4 enH sJ¦a R:kddUecñH Etmüa¨g k*min EmnEdr .

tamBiteTA sUm|IevTna CaevTnak*minEmn minEmnCa

evTnak*minEmnç sUm|Icitþ Cacitþk*minEmn minEmnCacitþk*minEmnç

kñúgGZikarenH . ÉesckþIénBakü kñúgBaküza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ nu@H

sUm|IpsS; CapsS; k*minEmn minEmnCapsS; k*minEmn . kñúg

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²QanenaH EdlRbkbRBmedaysm|yutþZ(m

sm|yutþZm( d*essTaMgLay k*n&yenHEdr .

eQμaHza

edayBit

enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eZVIehIy edayelIk

eRBaHminmansJ¦ad*eRKatRKat nig eRBaHmanEtsJ¦ad*lÁit eRBaH

yksJ¦aCaRbZan³ . mYyeT[t esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IBRgIk o

ehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qanmin

viess edayóbmaTaMgLay taMgGMBIer]geRbglab:Rt dUecñH .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’ . envsJ¦anasJ¦;

:n»mkza sameNr ykeRbglab:RtehIy k*tMkl´

‘Qan’ pg envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qan’ enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

Tuk . kñúgeBlqan´bbr RBHezr; k*R:b´osameNrenaHyk:Rt

eRBaHrab´bJ©Úlkñúgmnaytn; nig Zmμaytn; pg eRBaHehtuenaH

mkRbeKn . sameNrenaH TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn!

QanenaH eTIbeQμaHzaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;‘Gaytn;KWQan

kñúg:Rt maneRbg³ . kñúgeBlenaH kalebIRBHezr; eBalza

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’³ dUecñH . mYyeT[t

²EnsameNr GñkcUrnaMykmkç xMú\nwgdak´RteLakeRbg oeBj³

kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI 4 enaH sJ¦aenH ÉNa sJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Ca

dUecñHehIyç sameNr k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eRbg

sJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaHsJ¦aenaH minmansmtæPaB edIm|IeZVInUv

minmaneT³ .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn

minmansJ¦ak*minEmn

k*RBHZm(eTsna

sJ¦akic© ‘muxnaTIénsJ¦a’ d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

kñúgBakü rbs´sameNrenaH Baküza ²eRbgman³ dUecñH

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

k*RtUv edayesckþIza ‘eRbgenaH’ minKYr CamYynwgbbreT eRBaH

sl´enAd*suxum eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦a .

‘eRbg’manenAxagkñúg‘:Rt’ç Baküza²minman³k*RtUv edayGMNac

1- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 291 .

énkic©karepSg>

mankarEzmRteLakeRbgCaedIm y¨agNamijç


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Garub|nieTÞs

sUm|IsJ¦aenH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHzasJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaH

minmank*rEmgman manehIyk*R:kdc|as´³ dUecñH . smabtþienH

minGacedIm|IeZVI nUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

dl´ehIy nUvesckþIlÁitsuxum edayRbkardUecñHÉg . mYyeT[t

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess sUm|IedayóbmaedayTwkelI

sl´enA d*suxum .

pøÚv dUcCaóbmaedayeRbglab:Rt y¨agenaHk*:nEdr .

sYrza ²k*sJ¦akic©kñúgBaküenHKWGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²sJ¦akic©

:n»mkza sameNr nimnþeTAxagmuxRBHezr; Edlnimnþ

enaH KWkarcaM:nnUvGarmμN¾ 1 karcUldl´PaBCavis&y‘GarmμN¾’

elIpøÚv eXIjnUvTwkbnþic k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn Twk

énvibsSna ehIyjúaMgesckþIen]yNay oekIteLIg 1 . k*

sUmRBHKuNm©as´edaHnUvEs|keCIgecj³ . lMdab´enaH kalebI

sJ¦aenaH sUm|Ikic©KWkarcaM:n ‘nUvGarmμN¾’ k*minGacedIm|IeZVI o

RBHezr;eBal za ²EnsameNr ebITwkmanç cUrGñknaMyksMBt´

Cak´c|as´:n eRb[bdUcCaZatuePøIg kñúgTwkekþA minGaceZVIkic©KWkar

sMrab´Rsg´Twkmk x\úMnwgRsg´Twk³ dUecñHç sameNr TUlza ²bBiRt

duteqH:neLIy

RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn TwkminmaneT³ .

y¨agenaHÉg

. sUm|IkarcUldl´PaBCavis&y

énvibsSnaehIy júaMgniBViTaoekIteLIg dUcCasJ¦a kñúgsmabtþi

kñúgBaküsameNrenaH

Baküza

²Twkman³

k*RtUv

eRBaH

d*essTaMgLay k*minGacedIm|IeZVI:nEdr . eRBaHza Pikú¡CaGñk

esckþIzaRtwmEtTTwkEs|keCIg Baküza ²Twkminman³ k*RtUv eRBaH

min:neZVIGPinievs

ehIy

esckþIza‘Twkminmanlμmnwg’ gUt:n y¨agNamijç sUm|IsJ¦a

nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnk¡nÆ

enaH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHza CasJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHminGac

TaMgLayehIy :nseRmcdl´niBViTa rEmgminman . eGIEmn!

edIm|IeZVInUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´c|as´:n eQμaHza minEmnCasJ¦a k*

k*manEtRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu ß elakGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn CaGñk

minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatman

EdlBicarNaeXIjc|as´tamRbRktI

dUcCaRBHsarIbuRthñwgÉg

lÁitsuxum . k*esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess edayóbmaTaMg

eTIbGac ‘BicarNanUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnxnÆehIyeZVIosMerc

LayenHÉg Etmüa¨g min:neLIy Kb|IeZVIoviess edayóbma

dl´niBViTa:n’ .

TaMgLaydéTeT[t EdlsmKYr k*:nEdr .

eQμaHza

‘KWvibsSna’

kñúgxnÆTaMgLayÉeT[t

CaGñkGacedIm|IBicarNa

sUm|IRBHsarIbuRtenaH k*Gac ‘eZVI:n’ eday

GMNacénkarBicarNaCaklab ‘KWRkum’ Etbu¨eNÑaH minGac ‘eZVI’ edayGMNacénkarBicarNaeXIjZm( tamlMdab´bT:neT eRBaH elakyl´eXIjza ²:n»za Zm(TaMgLayenH y¨agdUecñHÉg KW

edayPav;énsg¡arEdlsl´enA

d*

Baküza ²cUleTAkan´ÇÇÇseRmc«riyabz³ enH mann&ydUc eBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . enHCakza edayBisþar kñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnkmμdðan .


visuTÆimK< ERb

251

bkiNÑkkza ‘201’

RBHnaz;RTg´manRBHrUbminmanbuK<leRb[b

eRkay>

TaMgLay 5 EdlRbNIt edayGMNacénkarbeRmI mankiriyaraM

enH sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾

eRc[gç karRbKMudUrt®nþIç eRK]gRkGUbç p,akRmgç ePaCnç TIedk nig

‘Et’ GñkR:C\TaMgLayminR:zñanUvkarRbRBwtþiknøg

eRK]gesø{kBak´EdlCaTiBVCaedIm

nUvGg< énsmabtþiTaMgLayenaHeT . bNÐitKb|IRCabza

sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ edayRbkarTaMgBYg KW kñúgsmabtþiTaMg 4 enaH smabtþi TI1 man edaykarRbRBwtþi knøgnUvrUbnimitþ TI 2 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGakas TI3 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakas TI 4 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvkareTAR:sénviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGakas EtbNÐitTaMgLay minR:zña nUvkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< énsmabtþi TaMgLayenaHeT . eRBaHza karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< kñúgsmabtþiTaMg LayenaH Etgman dUcCakñúgrU:vcrsmabtþiTaMgLay k*eTEdr . sUm|IRKb´y¨ag

Gg<Qan 2 y¨agbu¨eNÑaH KW óebk¡a 1 cietþkK<ta 1 . sUm|IkalebIehtudUecñaH manBitEmn .

‘smabtþiedIm>’

dUcCa BÆd*épÞeRkaménR:saT Edlman 4 Can´ kamKuN

EmnBit GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLay

kñúgsmabtþiTaMgLayenaH

rEmgRbNItlÁCag

xag

óbma kñúgesckþIRbNItlÁCagKñaenaH .

RtUvdwgc|as´bkiNÑkkza kñúgGarUb|;enaHeT[tpg.

BitEmnehIy

smabtþiTaMgLay

bNiÐtKb|IRCab‘er]g’ épÞR:saT nig sMBt´ Ca

bNÐit:nRCabnUvGarUb|; 4 enaH y¨agenHehIy

GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLayenH

Garub|nieTÞs

kñúgGarUb|smabtþienH

pÞwmesμI:n RTg´Rtas´nUvGarUb|; 4 Rbkar ÉNaç

EmnBit

252

manEt

Kb|ICarbs´EdltaMgTukehIyç

kñúgCan´TI 2 bJ©kamKuN RbNItCagCan´eRkamenaHç kñúgCan´TI 3 RbNItCagCan´TI 2 enaHç kñúgCan´TI 4 RbNItCageKTaMgGs´ç kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH Can´TaMgLay 4 enaH KWCaépÞR:saThñwgÉgç esckþIEbøkKña edayPaBCaépÞR:saT énCan´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy TukCay¨agdUecñaH Can´xagelI> CaCan´RbNItCag Can´xageRkam > edaymanesckþIbribUN( énbJ©kamKuNEbøkKña y¨agNamijç mYyeT[t sMBt´ Tmán´4 bl;ç Tmán´3 bl;ç Tmán´ 2 bl; Tmán´1 bl; énGMe:HEdleRKIm m¨t´ m¨t´Cag m¨t´CageK TaMgGs´

Edl®sþImñak´révehIy

TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç

Kb|ICasMBt´EdlmanxñatesμIKña

kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH

sMBt´TaMgLay

4

enaH manxñatesμIKña TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç esckþIEbøkKña eday xñat énsMBt´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy

EtebITukCa

dUecñaH sMBt´eRkay> CasMBt´RbNItCagsMBt´mun> edayman


visuTÆimK< ERb

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254

Garub|nieTÞs

smäsSTn´élμ mansac´m¨t´ nig mantémøeRcIn y¨agNaç sUm|I

nig bursEdlGaRs&ynUvbursCab´mNÐbenaHç bursTaMg 2 nak´

kñúgGarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 k*manGg< 2 enH dUcKñaEdr KWóebk¡a 1

enaH lM:kehIyç ÉkarZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHénmNÐb nwgman dl´

cietþkK<ta 1 k*BitEmn ebITukCadUecñaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²kñúg

bursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eT[gTat´Nas´ç eNØIycuH GatμaGj Qr

smabtþienH smabtþixageRkay> CasmabtþiRbNItlÁCag eRBaH

enAxageRkAenH:nehIy³ dUecñH . bursenaH minGaRs&ynUvburs

Pav;énsmabtþienaHRbNIt nigRbNItCagGg<TaMgLayenaHeday

EdlGaRs&ynUvbursxagedImenaHeT k*:nQrenAehIy BÆd*xag

esckþIviessénPavna k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ . k*GarUb|smabtþiTaMg

eRkAhñwgÉg . RKaenaH Rsab´Etbursmñak´eT[tmk sMKal´nUvburs

nu@H CasmabtþiRbNIt nig RbNItCag edaylMdab´ dUecñHÉg .

EdlKitnUvesckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´ kñúgmNÐl nig bursEdlGaRs&y

‘GarUb|; 4 óbmaedayburs 4 nak´’

bursmñak´Cab´eTIr Rtg´TImNÐbEdlminsÁat burs mñak´eT[tGaRs&ynUvbursmñak´enaHç bursdéTeT[t minGaRs&ybursenaHeT ‘QrenA’ xageRkAç nig bursmñak´eT[t :nQrGaRs&y nUvbursEdlQr enAxageRkAenaHehIyç GarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 Gñk R:C\Kb|IRCab

edayPaBCaZmμCatesμIKña

eday

bursTaMgLay 4 enH edaylMdab´cuH .

nUvbursGñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg

xageRkAhñwgÉgQrenAy¨aglÁ

eTIbGaRs&y

ehIyQrenA

nUvbursEdlQr

enAxageRkAenaH :nQrenAehIy . GakasRtg´TIEdlksiNebIk bNÐitKb|IeXIj odUcCa mNÐb kñúgTIEdlminsÁat kñúgóbmaenaH . GakasanJ©aytn; EdlmanGakasCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHex¬ImreGImnUvrUbnimitþ bNÐitKb|I eXIjza dUcCabursEdlCab´mNÐb eRBaHex¬ImTIEdlminsÁat . viJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakasanJ©aytn; Edlman GakasCaGarmμN¾

ehIyRbRBwtþeTA

bNÐitKb|IeXIjza

dUcCa

enH CaBaküRbkbesckþI kñúgóbmaenaH . maner]gmkza

bursEdlGaRs&y nUvbursEdlCab´mNÐb . GakiJ©J¦aytn;

manmNÐbmYy enARtg´TIEdlminsÁat . RKaenaH bursmñak´ mk

EdlmineZVI nUvGakasanJ©aytn; oCaGarmμN¾ manPaBminman

ehIy k*ex¬ImnUvTIminsÁatenaH eTIbykédetagnUvmNÐbenaHehIy

viJ¦aNenaHCaGarmμN¾ bNÐitKb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlKitnUv

k*Cab´enAkñúgmNÐbenaH dUcCaeKBüÜrTukehIy . bnÞab´mk burs

esckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eTIbminGaRs&ynUv

mYyeT[t mkehIy k*GaRs&ynUvbursEdlCab´kñúgmNÐbenaH .

bursEdlCab´mNÐbenaH ehIyk*:nmkQrenAxageRkA . env-

bursepSgeT[t mkdl´ehIy Kitza ²bursGñkEdlCab´kñúgmNÐb

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; EdlfitenA


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256

Garub|nieTÞs

Rtg´TIxageRkA eBalKWPaBminmanviJ¦aN ehIyRbRBwtþeTA bNÐit

y¨agNamijç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalmin:nGarmμN¾

Kb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlsMKal´ nUvbuK<lEdlKit nUvesckþI

déT

minekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´mNÐb nig GñkEdlGaRs&yburs

ehIyoCaGarmμN¾ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

GñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg ehIy:nQrenAxageRkAenaHÉgza ²CaGñk

enH kaleZVIy¨agdUecñH

Qr:nlÁehIy³ dUecñH eTIbGaRs&ynUvbursenaH fitenAehIy . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalRbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUecñH

rEmgeZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHoCaGarmμN¾ eRBaH

nUvkMBUlPñM ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgRbetag’ ß eRb[b

GZib|ayza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH sUm|ICamaneTasEdleXIjehIy y¨agdUecñH za oCa

GarmμN¾ eRBaHminmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t . eRb[bdUcGVI/ . eRb[b dUcCa ‘RbCa’ Cn RtUvGaRs&yRBHraCa sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj ehIyRbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH . GZib|ayza ‘RbCa’Cn kalmin:nnUvkarciJ©wmCIvit kñúgRbeTsdéT caM:c´RtUv GaRs&yRBHraCamYyGg< CaZMkñúgTVIbTaMgmUl CaGñkminsRgYm man esckþIRbRBwtþitampøÚvkay vaca nig citþ ezakTab sUm|ICaGñkman eTasEdlbuK<leXIjehIyza ²RBHraCaenH CaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi ezakTab³ dUecñH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

ehIy RbRBwtþeTA ‘eRBaHminmanGVIetag’ eRb[b

nig eRb[bdUcCabuK<leLIgkMBUlPñM ehIyRbetag

RbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH .

dUecñH

k*EtgEtetagCab´ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’QanenaH

k*Rbetag ‘nUvem’CeNþIr ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgetag’

GaRs&y nUvRBHraCa sUm|ICaGñkmaneTas R:kd

mansRtUvKWviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enACit³

sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj

dUcCabuK<leLIgCeNþIrEvg ‘dl´kaMxagelIehIy’

minmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t eRb[bdUcCa ‘RbCa’Cn

²smabtþienH

k*RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH

eRBaHkiriyaciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu

dUcCabuK<leLIgPñM

ehIyTb´Tl´Cg<g´

rbs´xøÜn

hñwgÉg ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgTb´Tl´’ dUecñaHÉg . briecäT TI10 eQμaHGarUb|nieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< KWx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´esckþIrIkrayrbs´saZuCn y¨agdUecñHÉg . v

Í

v

:ner[ber[gcb´ ézáRBhs|ti¾ 2 ekIt ExbusS BÇsÇ2550 ézáTI21 ExZñÚ qñaM 2006


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257

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’ ‘202’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn én

karsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGahar EdlelakelIkykmksMEdg y¨agenH za ²sJ¦a mYy³ dUecñH bnÞab´GMBIGarUb|nieTÞs mkdl´ ehIytamlMdab´ . kñúgkarsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGaharenaH bNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIvinicä&y tUcteTA ;

sPaBNa EtgnaMmk eRBaHehtuenaH

sPaBenaH eQμaHza Gahar ‘sPaBGñknaMmk’ . GaharenaH man 4 y¨ag KW kBLig,araharç psSaharç menaseJ©tnaharç viJ¦aNahar . sYrza ²k*kñúgGaharTaMg 4 y¨agn@uH Gahary¨agNa Etg naMGVImk/ ³ . eqøIyza ²kBLig,arahar EtgnaMmk nUvrUb EdlmanOCa Ca KRmb´8 . psSahar EtgnaMmknUvevTna 3 . menaseJ©tnahar EtgnaMmknUvbdisnÆi kñúgPBTaMg 3 . viJ¦aNahar EtgnaMmk nUv namrUb kñúgxN; énbdisnÆi .

258

smaZinieTÞs

EdleRb[bedaysac´rbs´kUnç psSahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdgeday RBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayemeKaminmanEs|kç menaseJ©tnahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayPñk´énregIkePøIgç viJ¦aNahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[beday muxénlMEBg .

‘GaharEdlR:zñakñúgkmμdðanenH’ EtkñúgGaharTaMg 4 enH kBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig PøkS bu¨eNÑaH KWelakb¨gykehIyza ²Gahar³ kñúgesckþIenH .

esckþIsMKal´ EdlekIteLIg edayGMNacén

karkan´yknUvGakar;EdlKYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenaH eQμaHza esckþI sMKal´za KYrex¬Im kñúgGahar . RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUv GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aenaH Kb|Ier[nnUvkmμdðan minoPøaMgPøat´GMBIkar Edler[nmksUm|IEtmYybT eTAkñúgTIsáat´Etmñak´ÉgsmáMenA ehIy RtUvBicarNa nUvPaBbdikUl kñúgkBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig liTÆPøkS edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 . Gakar; TaMg 10 enH KWGVIxøH / .

KW ;

1- Kmneta

bdikUledaydMeNIredIrç

2- brieysneta

bdikUledaykarEsVgrkç

3- briePaKeta

bdikUledaykarbriePaKç

4- Gasyeta

bdikUledayTIGaRs&yç

man kñúgviJ¦aNahar . k*kñúgGaharTaMgLayenH EdlmanP&y

5- niZaneta

bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞç

cMeBaH y¨agenH

6- Gbribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYyç

‘P&yekIteRBaHGaharCaehtu’ kñúgGaharTaMg 4 enaH P&yKWkarmineRtkGr Etgman kñúg kBLig,araharç P&yKWkarcUleTArk Etgman kñúgpsSaharç P&y KWkarekItÉg Etgman kúñgmenaseJ©tnaharç P&yKWbdisnÆi Etg

kBLig,arahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT


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260

smaZinieTÞs

7- bribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIyç

bdikUlCagxagkñúgbnÞb´ eRBaHeBlxøH RtUvvtæúbdikUl manGacm¾

8- pleta

bdikUledayplç

kNþúr nig Gacm¾Rbec[vCaedIm eZVIoxUcxatehIyç bnÞab´mk RtUv

9- nisSnÞeta

bdikUledayhUrecjç

emIlCan´xageRkam‘kudi’EdlbdikUlCagCan´xagelI eRBaHeBlxøH

10- smμk¡neta

bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs .

‘bdikUledaydMeNIredIr’ ‘203’ kñúgbTTaMg10 enaH bTza ²Kmneta³ enaH esckþI za esckþIbdikUledaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa eday

RtUvRbLak´edayGacm¾em[m nig Gacm¾RBabCaedImç bnÞab´mk RtUv emIlbrievN EdlbdikUlCagCan´xageRkam‘énkudi’ eRBaHeBlxøH KRKicehIyedayesμA nig søwkeQIcas´> EdlRtUvxül´bk´mk edaybsSav; óc©ar; Twkmat´ nig TwksMe:r énBYksameNr

n&yy¨agenH za ²GñkbYs kñúgsasna EdleQμaHzamanGanuPaB

EdlmanCmáW nig edayTwknigPk´CaedIm kñúgrdUvePø{gç RtUvemIlpøÚv

eRcIn

nUvsmNZm(kþI

eTAviharEdlbdikUlCagbrievNeTAeT[tç mYyeT[t GñkbYsenaH

rhUtTaMgraRtI eRkakeLIgehIyGMBIRBwkRBlwm eZVIvtþRtg´lanRBH

zVaybgM<nUveBaZiRBwkS nig RBHectiy edaylMdab´ehIy RtUvQr

ectiy nig vtþRtg´laneBaZiRBwkS tMkl´TwksMrab´qan´ TwksMrab´

enA Rtg´kEnøgEdlQrRtiHriH ehIyRtiHriH za ²GatμaGj nwgmin

eRbIR:s´ e:ssMGatTIbrievN CRmHnUvsrIr;ehIy eLIgkan´TI

RtUvRkeLkemIlRBHectiyEdldUcCakgénEkvmukþa nig edImeBaZi-

Gasn; eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvkmμdðan Gs´ 20-30 dg ehIy eRkak

RBwkSd*CaTIKab´citþdUcCasøabknÞúyénstVekáak nig nUvesnasn;

eLIg cab´yk:Rt nig cIvr lHbg´nUvte:v&n ‘KWéRBCaTIeZVInUv

EdlmansirI dUcCasm|tþiéneTBVvimanehIy EbrxñgeTAkan´TIEdl

te:kmμ’ EdlCaTIR:scakCneb[tes[t suxsb|aydl´vievk

CaTIrIkray eQμaHy¨agenH ehIyeTA eRBaHGaharCaehtu³ dUecñH

dl´RBmedaymøb´ nig Twk sÁatlÁ RtCak´ CaTIfanEdlCaTIrIk

ehIy ec[secjeTA k*edIreTAkan´pøÚveTAkan´RsukehIy RtUvemIl

rayehIy minsmøwgnUvesckþIeRtkGrkñúgvievk EdlCaGriyKuN

pøÚvEdlmandg<t´ nig bnøapg pøÚvEdlRtUvkMLaMgTwkeRcaHehIy nig

Kb|Imanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´Rsuk

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gahar

pøÚvminrabesμIpgç bnÞab´mk GñkbYsRtUvesø{ks|g´ ‘edaykarnwk

dUcCaEq,cck manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIsμsandUecñaH kalnimnþeTAy¨ag

Kit’ dUcsMBt´biTnUvbUs cgnUvvtæBnÆ dUccgsMBt´ruMdMe¶ RKgcIvr

enH cab´taMgBIcuHecjGMBIERK ß taMgeTAehIy k*RtUvCan´TIkRmal

‘edaykarnwkKit’ dUcCaRKbnUveRKagqÁwg naMyk:Rtecj ‘eday

EdleBareBjeTAedayeRK]gminsÁat mankMeTcZUlICab´eCIg nig

karnwkKit’ dUcCanaMyknUvPaCn;sMrab´RckzñaM mkdl´TICiténTVar

lamkstVCIgck´CaedImç bnÞab´BIenaH RtUvemIlmuxCaRbZan Edl

Rsuk k*nwgeXIjnUvsaksBepSg> dUcsaksBdMrIxøH saksB

y¨agenH

eZVIkarsVaZüaynUvRBHBuTÆvcn;kþI

nimnþeTA


visuTÆimK< ERb esHxøH

saksBeKaxøH

261

smaZinieTÞs

saksBmnusSxøH

edayGacm¾dInigkMeTcesμA EdlebIugeLIgehIy edaykMLaMgxül´ç

nwgRtUvEtemIlEtmüa¨g

eTAdl´mat´TVarpÞHenaH> ehIy k*RtUvCYbRbTH eBlxøH RtUvCan´nUv

k*minEmnEdr sUm|IkøinénsaksBTaMgenaHEdlmkb¨HnUvRcmuH k*Ca

reNþARCaM nig zøúkRCaM EdlRcbUkRcbl´ edayrbs´minsÁat man

er]gEdlRtUvGt´RTaMpgEdrç bnÞab´mk GñkbYs RtUvEtQrRtg´TVar

TwklagRtIç Twklagsac´ç TwklagGg,rç Twkmat´ç TwkRcmuH nig

cUlRsuk ehIyRkeLkemIlnUvpøÚvedIreTAkñúgRsuk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

lamkEq, nig RCUkCaedIm EdledrdasehIy edayhVÚgdg,Úv nig

dl´kareKcevHnUvGnþray mandMrIkac nig Eq,kacCaedIm .

ruyk|alex[vCaedIm EdlCaTIkEnøgEdlstVruykñúgRsukehIreLIg

saksBBs´xøH

saksBRkbIxøH

262

saksBEq,CaedImxøH

rbs´bdikUl

maneRK]gkRmalCaxagedIm

mansaksB

mkTMEGbelIsg¹adIxøH elI:RtxøH elIk|alxøHç kalbBVCitenaH

eRcInCaGenkCabrieyasan dUc:neBalmkdUecñHenH Caer]gEdl

sUm|IcUleTAdl´pÞHehIy m©as´pÞHBYkxøHRbeKn BYkxøHminRbeKneT

GñkbYs RtUvGt´sg,t´pg RtUvsMLwgemIlpg RtUvhitkøinpg eRBaH

sUm|IGñkEdlRbeKn BYkxøH RbeKnEt:yEdldaMehIy kalBIézá

GaharCaehtuç

mSilxøH

esckþIbdikUl

edaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|I

nUvrbs´qan´Edlesssl´xøH

nUvsmømansmøsENþk

BicarNaoeXIj y¨agdUecñHza ²Ohñ! Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´

EdlpÁÚmCaedImxøHç BYkGñkminRbeKnesat GñkxøHeBalza ²bBiRt

bdikUlKYrex¬ImEmnhñ@ ³ dUecñH .

RBHKuNm©as´ cUrnimnþeR:sstVeTAxagmuxcuH³ dUecñH Etbu¨eNÑaHç

‘bdikUledaykarEsVgrk’

EtBYkxøHenAesá{mQwg eZVIhak´bIdUcCamineXIjç BYkxøH k*Ebrmux

‘204’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarEsVgrk etIdUcemþc / .

eTATIdéT‘Ebrmuxecj’ç BYkxøH k*ERskRTeKaH edayBaküGaRkk´>

esckþIbdikUledaykarEsVgrk KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

za ²En evIy! mnusSk|alRtegal eTAeTA³ dUecñHCaedImç BitEmn

c|as´y¨agenHza ²bBVCit sUm|IGt´Zn´nUvesckþIbdikUl kñúgkareZVI

eTaHbICay¨agenHk*eday bBVCit RtUvEtRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t kñúgRsuk

dMeNIry¨agenHehIy cUleTAkan´Rsuk XøMúedaysMBt´sg¹adI RtUv

dUcCamnusSkMRBa ehIyecjeTA y¨agenHÉg .

EtRtac´eTAtamdgzñl´ kñúgRsuk tamlMdab´pÞH dUcCamnusSkMRBa

rbs´bdikUl manreNþATwkRCaMCaedIm dUceBalmkdUecñHenH

manédkan´GMEbg Rtac´eTAdUecñaHç Rtg´pøÚvÉNa kñúgrdUvePø{g elITI

Carbs´EdlbBVCitRtUvCan´pg

EdlCan´ehIy> eCIgTaMgLaycUleTA kñúgTwk nig Pk´ rhUtdl´

cab´taMgGMBIcUleTA kñúgRsuk rhUtdl´ecjmkvij k*eRBaHGahar

sac´sμgç bBVCit RtUvEtkan´:Rt edayédmYy elIkcIBredayéd

CaehtuedayBitR:kdç Ohñ@ Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´bdikUl

mYyç kñúgrdUvekþA RtUvEtRtac´eTA TaMgragkayRbLak´RbLÚsehIy

KYrex¬ImreGIm BitEmnhñ@!³ dUecñHÉg .

RtUvCYbRbTHpg

RtUvGt´sg,t´pg


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‘bdikUledaykarbriePaK’

264

smaZinieTÞs

enH manBN( køin nig kartak´Etgd*viess vinas:t´Gs´ehIy

‘205’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarbriePaK etIdUcemþc / .

kñúgxN;enaHPøam rEmgcUldl´PaBKYrex¬ImreGImy¨agéRkElg dUc

esckþIbdikUledaykarbriePaK KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

CakMGYtEq,EdlenAkñúgsñÚk:yEq,dUecñaHç biNÐ:tenaH sUm|IR:kd

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*esckþIbdikUl edaykarbriePaK bBVCitGñk

y¨agdUecñH

manGaharEdlEsVgrk:nmkehIy y¨agenH Gg<úytamsb|ay

knøgnUvKnøgénckú¡³ dUecñHÉg .

k*Carbs´EdlRtUvEtelbcUleTA

kñúgTIEdlsb|ay xageRkARsuk RtUveXIj y¨agenHza ²Gñkmin

eRBaHbiNÐ:tenaH

‘bdikUledayTIGaRs&y’

Tan´lUkédcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH drabNa GñkeXIj nUvPikú¡Edl

‘206’ ‘esckþIbdikl’ edayTIGaRs&y etIdUcemþc / .

KYreKarBkþI nUvmnusSEdlmankareG[nxμaskþI R:kddUecñaHehIy k*

esckþIbdikUledayTIGaRs&y RBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa y¨agenHza

Gacnimnþ ‘oqan´nUvGaharenaH’ :ndrabenaHç bu¨EnþRKan´EtbBVCit

²k*GaharenaH Edl:nbriePaKcUleTAehIyy¨agenH kalcUleTA

enaH dak´édcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH edaymanbMNgnwgqan´ kal

BÆd*xagkñúgç bNþaTIGaRs&y‘Gasy;’ TaMgLaybYn KWTIGaRs&y

eBalza²cUrGñkTTYlcuH³ dUecñH RtUvmanEtkarxμaseG[nç k*kalebI

rbs´Rbmat´ TIGaRs&yrbs´esøsμ TIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúH TIGaRs&y

bBVCitenaH dak´édcUleTAehIyRc:c´ ejIshUrecj tamRmaméd

rbs´Qam TIGaRs&yNamYy rEmgman dl´RBHBuTÆ nig RBH

TaMg 5 júaMgP&tþsUm|IEdlrwgeRBaHsáÜtoesIm eZVIoTn´ç RKaenaH

bec©kBuTÆTaMgLaypg dl´esþccRkBtiþpgEtbu¨eNÑaH k*b¨uEnþsMrab´

kalebIbiNÐ:tenaH

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanbJ¦atic rEmgmanTIGaRs&yRKb´TaMg 4

xUcPaBEdllÁehIy

eRBaHkareZVIsUm|IRtwm

EtRc:c´ KWbBVCitenaH eZVIoeTACaBMnUt dak´cUleTAkñúgmat´ehIyç

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

ebIbuK<lNaEdlmanTIGaRs&y

eZμjeRkam júaMgkic©ént|al´osMerc eZμjelI júaMgkic©énGERg

rbs´Rbmat´eRcInç GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA eRb[bdUcCa

osMerc GNþat júaMgkic©énédosMercç Twkmat´d*zøarav elIcug

RbLak´edayeRbgRsKMy¨agxab´KYrex¬IméRkeBkç buK<lNa manTI

GNþat RbLak´nUvbiNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvGERgKWeZμj TMBalMGit

GaRs&yrbs´esøsμeRcIn GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA dUc

ehIy RKelvRbmUlpúMþ edayGNþat dUcCakMGYtEq,elIsñÚk:yEq,

CaRbLak´edayrsénEpøxÞwg ß søwkxÞwgKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<lNa

enAkñúgmat´enaHç Twkmat´xab´ cab´taMgBIBak´kNþalGNþatcUleTA

manTIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúHeRcIn

rEmgRbLak´ç eCIgeZμj kñúgTIEdleQICRmHeZμjeTAmindl´ rEmg

eRb[bdUcCaRbLak´edayTwkedaHCUrEdlpÁÚmKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<l

RbLak´ç biNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvTMBakMeTc nig RbLak´ehIy y¨ag

Na manTIGaRs&yrbs´QameRcInç

GaharEdlbuK<lenaH

elbcUleTA

Gahar EdlbuK<lenaHelb


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cUleTAehIy bIdUcCaTwkRClk´KYrex¬IméRkElg³ dUecñH .

‘bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞ’

266

smaZinieTÞs

EdlcUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas‘KYrex¬Im’ EbbenHehIy CaGahar enAminTan´rlYy drabNa sUm|IGaharenaHeTIbbriePaK kñúgézáenaH

‘207’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ etI

kþI briePaKkñúgézámSilkþI kñúgézámun> mkkþI k*eTApþúMenACamYyKñaTaMg

dUcemþc / . esckþIbdikUledaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ KWRBH

Gs´ rYbrwteTAedaydMuesøsμ ekIteTACaBBuH CaRkeBjtUc-ZM RtUv

eyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²GaharEdlelb

ePøIgZatukñúgragkay cMhuykMedAehIy dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬ImreGIméRk

cUleTARbLak´edayGasy;NamYy kñúgcMeNamGasy;TaMg 4

Elg ehIyfitenA kñúgTIkEnøg manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy

enH

enaHÉg

cUleTAehIykñúgépÞenaH

minEmneTAtMkl´enA

kúñgPaCn;man

EdlCaTIggwtCitsUnüQwgBn´eBk

Gab´GYrRcbUkRcbl´

PaCn;masCaedImeLIy minEmneTAtMkl´enA kúñgPaCn;TaMgLay

edaykøinsaksBepSg> mankøinsÁúyKYrex¬ImreGIméRkElg drab

manPaCn;eZVIBIEkvmNI nig PaCn;eZVIGMBIR:k´CaedImeLIyç Etza

enaH eRb[bdUcCarbs´minsÁatepSg> manesμA søwkeQI kenÞl

ebImnusSmanGayu 10 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas

rEhkdac´dac saksBBs´ saksBEq, nig saksBmnusSCa

EdlR:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 10

edIm EdlZøak´ehIykñúgreNþAEk|rmat´TVarcUlpÞHénCncNÐal RtUv

qñaMç ebImnusSmanGayu 20 qñaM 30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70

emX ‘ePø{g’ EdlminEmnCardUvkal kñúgrdUvekþA Zøak´eRsacRsb´

qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

ehIy RtUvkMedARBHGaTitü dutkMedAehIy kekIteTACaBBuH CaBg

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamk Edlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 20 qñaM

‘dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬IméRkElg’ y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ dUecñH .

30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70 qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaMç ebImnusS

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIy’

k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

‘209’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy etIdUc

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 100qñaM³

emþc/ . esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy KWRBHeyaKI

dUecñHÉg .

Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²GaharenaH kalRtUv

manGayu 100 qñaM elbcUleTA

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy’ ‘208’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy etI dUcemþc / .

esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy KWRBH

eyaKI Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²k*GaharenHenaH

ePøIgZatukñúgkaydutorlYyehIykñúgOkasEdlfitenAenaH

k*min

EmnkøayeTACamas nig R:k´CaedIm dUcCaEr¨mas nig Er¨R:k´ Ca edIm:neLIy RKan´EtbeJ©jnUvBBuH nig RkeBjtUc-ZM dl´nUv PaBCaGaharcas´

k*cUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgTIlMenA énGaharcas´


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268

smaZinieTÞs

dUcCadIsÁit manBN(el]g EdleKkinnwgt|al´kin ehIydak´cuH

briePaKnUvGaharenaH

eTA kñúgbMBg´dUecñaH nig dl´nUvPaBCaTwkmURtehIy k*RCabeTAdk´

ekItbIti nig esamnsS k*man ‘Et’ kñúgézáTIBIr kalEdlGahar

enA kñúgepøakTwkmURt³ dUecñH .

enaHhUrecjmkvij

‘bdikUledaypl’

CaGñksb|ayhWha

RtUvmnusSbiTRcmuH

mancitþrIkrayehIy

eKEbrmuxecj

eKex¬Im

reGIm eKmankareG[nxμaseTAvijç mYyeT[t kñúgézáTImYy mnusS

‘210’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaypl etIdUcemþc / . esckþI

eRtkGr elμaP Cab´citþ RCulRCb´ehIy elbnUvGaharenaHcUl

bdikUl edaypl KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨ag

eTAk*man EtkñúgézáTIBIr eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI mnusSmineRtkGr

enHza ²k*GaharenHEdlrlYyeTAedaylÁbueNÑaH eTIbjúaMgsak

en]yNay eG[nxμas ex¬ImreGIm hUrecjmkvijç eRBaHehtu

sBepSg> mansk´ eram Rkck nig eZμjCaedIm ocMerInRss´

enaH eTIbburaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy za ;

eRsageLIg:n

EdlminrlYy:nlÁeT

k*bNþaloekIteTACa

eraK 100 CMBUk maneraKkm rmas´ Xøg´ ERsg hWt kÁk nig eraKZøak´Qamç enHCaplrbs´GaharenaH³ dUecñH .

‘211’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayhUrecj etIy¨agdUcemþc/ . edayhUrecj

KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIj

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH kalEdlelbcUleTA k*cUleTA tamTVarEtmYy

kalEdlhUrecjmkvij

rEmghUrecjmkvij

tamTVareRcInCaGenk edayRbkar;CaedIm KW EdlecjmktamEPñk ehAzaBBwkEPñk EdlecjmktamRtec[kehAzaGacm¾Rtec[kç BMu enaHesat

GaharenH

kñúgeBlEdlelbcUleTA

edayBYkbrivarCaeRcInnak´BitEmn

eRcIn cUleTAtamTVarmYy ‘Et’ ecjmkvij tam TVarTaMgLay 9ç buK<l RBmTaMgbrivar briePaK

‘bdikUledayhUrecj’ esckþIbdikUl

²:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø

elbcUleTA

bu¨EnþkñúgeBlEdlhUrecjmk

vij k*køayeTACarbs´minsÁatmanócar; nig bsSav;CaedImehIy k*bgØÚrecjmkvijEtmñak´ÉgKt´ç mYyeT[t kñúgézádMbUg buK<lkal

nUv:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø eRcIn ‘Et’ kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij rEmgeTA lak´BYnç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edl mantémøeRcIn buK<l Etgniym cUlcitþbriePaK ‘Et’

kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij

k*ex¬ImreGImeTA

vijç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlman témøeRcIn eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI k*ERbeTACarbs´ sÁúyTaMgGs´³ dUecñHÉg .

‘bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs’ ‘212’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edayRbLak´RbLÚsetIdUcemþc/ .


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esckþIbdikUl edayRbLak´RbLÚs KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNa o

270

smaZinieTÞs

rbs´minCaTIKab´citþdEdl³ dUecñH .

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aQan’

eXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH sUm|IkñúgkalEdlbriePaK

kalRBHeyaKI BicarNaeXIjnUvPaBbdikUl edayGakar;

k*rEmgRbLak´RbLÚs nUvéd bbUrmat´ GNþat nig Bitanç éd sUm|IIeKlagehIy

TaMg 10 y¨agenH eZVITukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜy

k*RtUvEtlagmþgehIymþgeT[t edIm|IIRbeyaCn¾dl´karbM:t´køin éd

eLIgehIy oCaZmμCatKWesckþIriHKitsÜÞyeLIgehIyç kBLig,a-

bbUrmat´ GNþat nig BitanTaMgLayenaH Carbs´bdikUlehIy

rahar rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénGakar;bdikUl . RBHeyaKI

eRBaHRtUvGaharenaHRbLak´RbLÚsehIyç GaharenaH kalbuK<l

enaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Caer]y> . kalRBH

briePaKcUleTAehIy

edayePIøg

eyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ . citþ

Zatukñúgragkay Edlpat´RcaneTAsBVsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIyk*pus

rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcarsmaZi Edlmindl´nUvGb|na eRBaH

eLIg

edayPaBCaGacm¾eZμj

kBLig,araharCaKmÖIrPaBRCaleRCAtamsPaBCaZmμta . EtsJ¦a

EtgRbLak´RbLÚscab´edImGMBIGNþat nig BitaneTA edayPaBCa

kñúgkBLig,araharnu@H rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénkarkan´yk nUv

Twkmat´ nig esøsμCaedIm EtgRbLak´RbLÚsnUvTVarTaMgLay man

Gakar;bdikUl

rnÆEPñk rnÆRtec[k rnÆRcmuH nig TVarxageRkam‘TVarZM’ CaedIm eday

rab´za ²GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a³ dUecñH .

bbUrmat´

GNþat

nig

BitanTaMgLayNa

rEmgcMGinnUvkayoe:¨geLIg

RbLak´RbLÚsnUveZμjTaMgLay

PaBCaBBwkEPñk Gacm¾Rtec[k TwksMe:r TwkmURt nig Gahar

.

eRBaHehtuenaH

kmμdðanenH

dl´ehIynUvkar

‘GanisgSénGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’

cas´CaedIm eRb[bdUcCakalebI:yRtUveKcMGin rbs´EdlCakak

k*citþrbs´Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvesckþIsMKal´zaCarbs´

sMNl´TaMgLay manGg,am knÞk´ nig Twk:y rEmgpuseLIg

KYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenH rEmgzycuH rEmgrYj rEmgbdivtþi cak

mkRbLak´nUvRkbmat´qñaMg nig KRmbqñaMg dUecñaHç kñúgTVarTaMgLay

esckIþcMNg´kúñgrs . RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkR:scakesckþIRsvwg

Na eRBaHlagTVarmYy édCarbs´EdlRtUvlagedayTwkmþgeT[t

elbnUvGahar RKan´EtedIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾dl´karrlas´nUvTuk¡ecj

eRBaHlagTVarmYy

dUcCabuK<lGñkRtUvkarqøgpøÚvqáay sIunUvsac´kUndUecñaH . bnÞab´mk

édsUm|Ilag

edaylMGiteRK]gRkGUbxøH PaBbdikUl:neLIy

edaylamkeKaxøH

rhUtdl´BIrbIdg

TVarTaMgLayenHenaH

ehIy sUm|ICalagsMGat ral´> ézá

edaydIxøH

k*minR:scakGMBI EdlGaharRbLak´

k*rEmgCarbs´minsÁat Ca

teRmk

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

k*rEmgdl´nUvkarkMNt´dwg

kñúgbJ©kamKuN

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

edayminBi:keLIy

kMNt´dwgnUvkBLig,araharCaRbZan .

eRBaHmankar

RBHeyaKIenaH rEmgkMNt´


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dwgnUvrUbk¡nÆ:n eRBaHmankarkMNt´dwgnUvbJ©kamKuNCaRbZan .

272

smaZinieTÞs

kñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt .

‘ctuZatuvvdðanedayseg¡b’

mYyeT[t sUm|IkarcMerInkayKtasti rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH k*rEmg dl´nUvkareBjbribUN(

edayGMNacénPaBbdikUl

manGahar

EmnBit

ctuZatuvvdðanenaH

mkehIy

edayseg¡b

kñúg

EdlminTan´rlYyCaedImpg. RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkbdibtþinUvesckþI

mhastibdðansURt edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan Ca

bdibtþiEdlGnuelam dl´GsuPsJ¦apg . müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦ad*xøaMgkøa

enaH GaRs&ynUvesckþIRbtibtþienHehIy kalminTan´:nsMercnUv

BiXateKakþI kUnsisSénbursGñkBiXateKakþI EdlbuinRbsb´ Kb|I

TIbMputKWRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñenHeT rEmgCaGñkmansuKti RbRBwtþ

BiXateKaehIyrMElkCacMENk> Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn

eTA BÆd*xagmux .

óbmadUcemþcmijç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUv

enHCakzaedayBisþarkñúgkarcMerInGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a .

kayenHÉg

ctuZatuvvdðan ‘213’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH

y¨agenHza

EdlfitenAy¨agNa

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñk

EdltaMgenAy¨agNa

man

eday

kMNt´za RKan´EtCaZatudUecñHza kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk

karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn

nUv

ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´ manóbemyüy¨agdUecñaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

kiriyakMNt´nUvZatubYn EdlelaksMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGahaer

‘BRgIkesckþIénRBHsURt’

bdikUlsJ¦a za ²vvdðan 1³ dUecñH mkdl´ehIyedaylMdab´ .

‘BaküGZib|aybTmatika’ vinicä&ykñúgbTmatikaenaH bTza ²vvdðan³ :ndl´snñidðan

esckþIénRBHsURtenaHza ²bursGñkBiXateKa ß kUnsisS énbursGñkBiXateKaenaHÉg d*buinRbsb´ EdleKCYleday:y nigézøQñÜl

Kb|Ismøab´nUveKaehIy

rMElkeZVIoeTACacMENk>

edayGMNackarkMNt´eXIjsPav; ‘rbs´va’ . karkMNt´emIl

Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn eBalKWRtg´TIkNþal énpøÚvZMTaMgLay

Baküza ²Zatumnsikar

EdleTAkan´TisTaMgLaybYn y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

ZatuTaMg 4 eQμaHza ctuZatuvvdðan .

Zatukmμdðan ctuZatuvvdðan³ edayesckþI KWEtmYyeT . ‘ctuZatuvvdðan 2 y¨ag’ ctuZatuvvdðanenHenaH mkehIy 2 y¨agKW edayseg¡b 1 edayBisþar 1 . ctuZatuvvdðan edayseg¡benaH mkehIy kñúg mhastibdðansURt edayBisþarmkehIykñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt

BicarNanUvkayEdleQμaHza fitenAy¨agNa eRBaHfitenA eday Gakar;ÉNanImYy

én«riyabzTaMgbYn

eQμaHzataMgenAy¨agNa

eRBaHtaMgenAy¨agNaenaHÉg edaykMNt´zaRKan´EtCaZatu y¨ag dUecñHza

kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 254 .


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smaZinieTÞs ‘214’ cMENkkñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt mkehIy eday

sYrza; etImanesckþIGZib|aydUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; kal ebIbursGñkBiXateKa ciJ©wmbMb¨neKakþI dwk‘va’ykeTAkan´TIsmøab´

Bisþar

edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan

kþI luHdwkeTAdl´ehIy k*cgeRk[kTuk kñúgTIsmøab´enaHkþI kMBugEt

manR:C\acas´køaeBk y¨agenH KW ;

EdlCaGñkmin

smøab´kþI eXIjeKaRtUv:neKsmøab´ søab´ehIykþIç esckþIsm<al´

²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu bfvIZatuxagkñúg etIdUcemþc/

za ²eKa³ minTan´sabsUnü:t´eT drabNaEdleKminTan´:nBnøH

ZatuNaCaxagkñuúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´eRKatRKat

vHva rMElkCacMENk>ç bu¨EnþkalebIrMElkehIy ‘ykeTA’ Gg<úy

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

‘lk´’

rEmgsm<al´za

RkckTaMgLay eZμjTaMgLay .l. GaharzμI Gaharcas´ ßk*

esckþInwkKit za ²Gjlk´eKa mnusSTaMgenH

ZatudéTNamYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´

esckþIsm<al´za

Casac´eTAvij .

²eKa³

eTIb:t´eTA

KWsk´TaMgLay

naMykeKaeTA³ y¨agenH minman dl´bursenaHeLIy . EttamBit

eRKatRKat

bursenaH manesckþIKit ya¨genHza ²Gjlk´sac´ ÉmnusSTaMg

Gayu enHehAza bfvIZatu xagkñúg ‘1’ ³ .

bYsehIykþI

kñúgkalmun

kñúgeBlEdlenACabuzuC¢n

mñalGñkTaMgLayman

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu Gae:Zatu xagkñúg etI

enH ‘Tij’yksac´eTA³ y¨agNamijç sUm|IkalPikú¡rUbenH enACa RKhsækþI

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

eramTaMgLay

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ßman

lág´exøAenAeLIy esckþIsm<al´za ²CastV Caburs CabuK<l³

sPaBRbEhlnwgTwk

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

minTan´:t´eTA drabNaEdlPikú¡enaH minTan´BicarNanUvkayenH

esøsμ

ßk*

Ég EdlfitenA y¨agNa EdlxøÜntaMgTukehIy y¨agNa eday

GaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgTwk EdlviJ¦aN

Zatu bMEbkdMuoeTACaEpñk> k*bu¨EnþkalebIPikú¡BicarNa edayZatu

cUleTAkan´yk mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza Gae:Zatu

esckþIsm<al´za stV eTIb:t´eTAç citþ rEmgtaMgenA edayza

xagkñúg

RKan´EtCaZatuEtbu¨eNÑaH . RTg´Rtas´za

eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñkBiXateKa

.l.

‘2’

TwkmURt

KWRbmat´

ZatudéTNanImYyCaxagkñúg

Edl

³ .

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu eteCaZatu xagkñúgetI

Edlbiun

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynwgxøÜn CaePøIg ß

Rbsb´ .l. Kb|IGg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn manóbmay¨agNa

mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk KWeteCa-

mijç

Zatu EdljúaMgkayoekþAsBV 1 eteCaZatu EdleZVIkay oRKaM

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´

Ég .l. ZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

nUvkayenH

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 194ç 2- TMB&rTI 200 .


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smaZinieTÞs

RKa 1 eteCaZatu EdldutkayoRkhl´Rkhay 1 eteCaZatu

rbs´enaHRbRBwtþeTA kñúgxøÜn elakehAza ²bc©tþM³ eRBaHrbs´enaH

sRmab´dutePaCnEdlbuK<lsIu pwk TMBasIu CJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ oRTuD

GaRs&ynUvxøÜnRbRBwtþeTA

eRTam eTAedayRbéB 1 mYyeT[t ZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg

elak eKehAza GZitæI y¨agenaHÉg .

EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaePøIg ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg Edl viJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu

enHehAza

eteCaZatu xagkñuúg ³ .

etIdUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´ mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´

kñúgBYk®sþITaMgLay

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

KW

xül´bk´eLIgelI 1 xül´bk´cuHeRkam 1 xül´bk´enAkñúgépÞ KWbk´ xageRkAeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´kñúgeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´sBVsB(ag<-

kñúg

bTza ²kk¡LM³ ERbza rwg . bTza ²xriKtM³ ERbza eRKat RKat .

bNþabTTaMg 2 enaH bTTI 1 R:b´nUvlk¡N; bTTI 2

R:b´nUvGakar; . eRBaHbfvIZatu manlk¡N;rwg .

nig za ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu vaeyaZatu Caxagkñúg

ß

dUcCaBakü

bfvIZatuenaH

manGakar;eRKatRKat eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²kk¡LM

xriKtM³ . bTza ²ó:TinñM³ ERbza Rbkan´x¢ab´ GZib|ayza kan´yk Rbkan´x¢ab´ Rbkan´yk y¨agCab´ za Gj za rbs´Gj . bTza ²esyüzITM³ Cani:t .

ni:tenaH manesckþIza

kay 1 xül´dkdegØImcUl nig xül´dkdegØImecj 1 mYyvij

sYrza rbs´enaH etIdUcemþc / . bnÞab´GMBIenaH elakkalsMEdg

eT[t vaeyaZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´

esckþIsYrenaH eTIbeBalza ²eksa elama³ bu¨eNÑHCaedIm .

ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´ EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk mñal GñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza vaeyaZatuxagkñuúg ³ . k*ctuZatuvvdðan kñúgmhahtæibTubmsURtenH y¨agNamij sUm|IkñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig ZatuviPg<sURt k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GZib|aykñúgmhahtiæbTubmsURt’ ‘215’

k*kñúgbfvIZatuenH Kb|IRCabza ; bfvIZatu elaksMEdg edayGakar; 20 eRBaHmEnæmmtælugM< ‘xYrkñúgk|al’ .

bfvIZatu

elakse®g<aHehIy kñúgcMENkTaMgLay bI d*ess edaybTza

²yM va bnJ¦m|i kiJ©i³ . ‘Gae:’

enHCaBaküEkbTEdleRCA kñúgRBHsURtenaH . Ca

rbs´Na RCYtRCab KWeTAdl´TIenaH> edayGMNacénkar

bfm bTza ²GCÄtþM bc©tþM³ TaMgBIrenH CaeQμaH énniyks&BÞ .

hUreTA eRBaHehtuenaH rbs´enaH eQμaHza Gae: . rbs´Na eTA

ZmμCatEdlekIt kñúgxøÜn esckþIza GaRs&yenAkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn

kñúgGae:TaMgLay EdlmanRbkarepSg> edayGMNacénsmudðan

eQμaHza niyk; .

niyk; enHnu@H

elakehAza ²GCÄtþM³ eRBaH

mankmμsmudðanCaedIm

eRBaHehtuenaH

rbs´enaH

eTIbeQμaHza


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Baküza ²eyn c GsitbItxayitsayitM smμa briNamM

Gae:Kt; ‘RbEhlnwgTwk’ . rbs´enaH :ndl´GVI/ . :ndl´ lk¡N; KWkarRCYtRCab énGae:Zatu .

smaZinieTÞs

Kcäti³ esckþIza rbs´EdlbuK<lsIu man:yCaedImkþI rbs´

‘eteCa’

EdlbuK<lpwk manTwk:n;CaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lTMBasIu man

ePøIg eRBaHGMNacénkareZVIoekþA .

nMGMEbgCaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lCJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ mansVayTMu TwkXMu

vtæúNa eTAehIy kñúgeteCaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmk

nig TwkGMeBACaedImkþI enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarrlYyeTA y¨agRsYl

ehIynu@HÉg

GZib|ayza rEmgdl´nUvkarEbgEckeTA edayPav;manrsCaedIm

rbs´EdleQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

eteCaKt;

‘RbEhlnwgePøIg’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / . vtæúenaH :ndl´

edayeteCaKt; ÉNamYy .

lk¡N; KWCarbs´EdlekþA .

k*kñúgGakar; 4 y¨agn@uH Gakar; 3 xagedIm maneteCaZatu

Baküza ²eyn c³ esckþIza ragkayenH rEmgekþAsBV KWekItCMhayekþA

Casmudðan Gakar;cugeRkameK mankmμCasmudðanEmnBit .

‘vaeya’

edayPaBCaRKunmanRKunmYyézáCaeTAvijCaedIm

ZmμCatEdleQμaHza vaeya eRBaHGMNacénkarbk´pat´ .

eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkeLIg . Baküza ²eyn c Criyti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg RTuDeRTameTA

KWEtgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkman«®nÞIy¾minRKb´RKan´

nUv

vtæúNa eTAkñúgvaeyaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy nu@HÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH eQμaHza vaeyaKt; ‘RbEhlnwg

PaBGs´kmøaMgkMEhg nig nUvPaBCaGñkmanEs|kRCIvRCYj nigman

xül´’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / .

sk´s,ÚvCaedIm eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYy .

kMerIk .

Baküza ²eyn c CbriTyØti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg Rkhl´Rkhay eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkehIy . k*

vtæúenaH :ndl´lk¡N; KWkar

Baküza ²óTÆg<ma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´eTAxagelI júaMg Gakar;maneRKI nig RteGIkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA . Baküza ²GeZa

GatμaGjekþAEmn³

Kma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´cuHmkeRkam naMykóc©ar; nig bsSav;

R:zñacg´:nnUvzñaMsMrab´Büa:lkMedA mansteZatsb|I ‘TwkedaH

CaedImoecjmk . bTza ²kucäisya vata³ KWxül´enAxageRkA

zøaEdleKrMgas´ehIyykeTARtaMTwk> mYyrydg’ nUveKasItcnÞn¾

eBaHev[n . bTza ²ekadðasya vata³ KWxül´xagkñúgeBaHev[n .

‘eRbgc&nÞn¾ EdleKpSMedayTwkedaHeKa’ CaedIm nig nUvxül´Edl

bTza

bk´ecjGMBIZagetñatpg .

sB(ag<kaytUcZMM kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl tamExSsrésQam júaMgkar

buK<lenaH

knÞk´kenÞjza

²GatμaGjekþAEmn

²Gg<mg<asnusariena

vata³

KWxül´Edlbk´eTAtamsBV


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smaZinieTÞs

bt´ nig karlatecj ‘nUvGvyv;’ CaedIm oekIteLIg . bTza

xagsRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminsUvxøaMgkøavij kalebIeZVITukkñúgcitþ

²GsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImcUleTABÆd*xagkñúg . bTza

y¨agdUecñHç kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´´ . Tal´Et

²bsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImecjeTAxageRkA .

Pikú¡enaHeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayn&ymun eTIbkmμdðanR:kd

k*kñúgxül´ 6 y¨agenH xül´ 5 xagedIm Cactusmudðan

c|as´ . esckþIenH manóbmay¨agdUcemþc/ . manóbmaza kal

‘KWmancitþ kmμ rdUv nig GaharCasmudðan’ xül´GsSas; nig

ebIPikú¡ 2 rUb sVaZüay nUvviZIEdlmanebyüaleRcInç Pikú¡Gñkman

bsSas; mancitþCasmudðanEtmüa¨g .

bJ¦axøaMgkøa júaMgebyüalmux oBisþar mYycb´ ß BIrcb´ehIy

edaybTza ²yM va bnJ¦m|ikiJ©i³ enH KWelakse®g<aH Gae:ZatuCaedIm kñúgcMENkd*essTaMgLay kñúgnieTÞsTaMgBYg . edayRbkardUceBalmkenH ZatuTaMg4 KWelakeZVIoBisþar ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 42 KW bfvIZatu edayGakar; 20 Gae:Zatu edayGakar 12 eteCaZatu edayGakar; 4 vaeyaZatu edayGakar; 6 y¨aenHÉg . enHCakarBN(naesckþIén:lI kñúg ctuZatuvvdðanenaH Cabfm .

cMENkvinicä&y

kñúgPavnan&y

kaleZVInUvkarsVaZüay

edayGMNacénTIbMputTaMgBIr

hñwgÉg eTAç bNþaPik¡T ú aMg 2 rUb enaH Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminxøaMgkøa nwgCaGñkeBal y¨agenHza ²enaHKWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:n eZVIoRtwmEtbbUrmat´b¨HBal´Kñapgç kalebIeZVIkarsVaZüayEbbenH eBlNaeTA viZIEbbbT nwgsÞat´CMnaj:n³ . Pikú¡enaH júaMg ebyüalmuxEdlmkdl´ehIy>

oBisþarPøam>

ehIyeZVInUvkar

sVaZüayç Pikú¡eRkABIenH k*eBaleTAkan´Pikú¡rUbenaH y¨agenHza ²nu@H KWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:ndl´TIbMputpg kaleZVIkarsVaZüay

‘Pavnan&y y¨agseg¡b’ ‘216’

bnÞab´mk

kñúgZatukmμdðanenH

y¨agenH

eBlNaeTA reb[bEbbbT nwgdl´nUvTIbMput:n³ dUecñH

bNÐitKb|IRCabdUcteTAenH . sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\axøaMgkøa kar

y¨agNamijç karkMNt´Zatu edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;

kMNt´ZatuedayBisþarza ²sk´TaMgLayCaZatudI eramTaMgLayCa

mansk´CaedIm rEmgR:kd yWtyUr sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMg

ZatudI³ y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgR:kd edayyWtyUr . bu¨EnþkalebI

køaç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayseg¡b tamn&yza ²vtæú

Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²vtæúNa manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudIç

Na manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudI³ dUecñHCaedImç kmμdðan eTIb

vtæúNa manlk¡N;ravRCYtRCab vtæúenH KWZatuTwkç vtæúNa man

R:kdç cMENkxagPikú¡eRkABIenH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUecñaHEdr

lk¡N;ekþA vtæúenH KWZatuePøIgç vtæúNa manlk¡N;kMerIkeTA:n

kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´ç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITuk

vtæúenH KWZatuxül´³ dUecñHç

kñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;mansk´CaedIm kmμdðan

kmμdðan rEmgR:dkc|as´ .

cMENk


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smaZinieTÞs

TaMgLayenaH edayédKWjaNEdlsÞúHeTAtamcenøaH> énekadðas

rEmgR:kdc|as´ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘viZIcMerInZatukmμdðansMrab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦akøa’

enaH> ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay tamn&yxagedImenaHÉg za

eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMgkøa CaGñkR:zñanwgcMerIn

²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa kñúgekadðasTaMgLay

kmμdðanenH CadMbUg Kb|IeTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM BicarNanUvrUbkay

enH enHKWCaZatudI³ dUecñHCaedIm ehIynwkCJ¢wgrMBwgKit eZVITukkñúg

rbs´xøÜnTaMgmUl ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay edayseg¡b y¨ag

citþ BicarNa edayzaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv;

enHza ²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúg

za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³ dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> .

kayenH

enHKWZatudIç PaBCarbs´RCYtRCabeTA:nkþI PaBCarbs´

Büayam y¨agdUecñaHç smaZi EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

ravkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuTwkç PaBCarbs´eqHkIþ

kMNt´ykehIy CasmaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar;

PaBCarbs´ekþA ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuePøIgç PaBCa

eRBaHCasmaZiEdlmansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg eday

rbs´bk´e:kkþI PaBCarbs´kMerIkkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enH

minyWtyUreLIy .

kalebIPikú¡enaH

KWZatuxül´³ dUecñH ehIyKb|InwkrMBwgeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa eday

enHCaPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðanEdlmkehIyedayseg¡b .

zaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv; za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³

‘vitæarn&y’

dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> . kalebIPikú¡enaH Büayam y¨agdUecñH smaZi

EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

kMNt´ykehIy

Ca

smaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar; eRBaHCasmaZiEdl

‘217’ cMENkPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðan EdlmkehIy edayBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH . k*RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦aminxøaMgkøa

R:zñanwgcMerInkmμdðanenH

mansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg edayminyWtyUreLIy .

Kb|Ier[nyknUvZatuTaMgLay edayBisþar edayGakar;TaMgLay

ßebImindUecñaHeT ekadðas ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay 4 enHÉNa

42 kñúgsMNak´énGacarü ehIyenAkñúgTIesnasn; manRbkardUc

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy edIm|IdMEdgnUvPaBénmhaPUtrUb

eBalmkehIy eZVIkic©TaMgBYgo:nseRmc eTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM

TaMg 4 minEmnCastV za ²Gakas EdlGaRs&yqÁwgxøH GaRs&y

Kb|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGakar;TaMgLay 4 y¨agdUecñH za ³eday

srésxøH GaRs&ysac´xøH GaRs&yEs|kxøH rYbrYmCamYyKñaehIy

ssmÖarseg¡b ‘seg¡bekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk> tamGakar;

eTIbehAza rUb:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñaHÉg . Pikú¡ Kb|IcMENknUvekadðas

énZatuenaH>’ edayssmÖarviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuTaMgenaH>

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ

PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 211 .

kMNt´Gakar; edayELkGMBIKña’

edayslk¡Nseg¡b ‘seg¡b


visuTÆimK< ERb ekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk>

tamlk¡N;énZatuenaH>’

283

284

eday

edayvaca

smaZinieTÞs nUvGakarTaMgLay

mantcbJ©k;CaedIm

kñúgGakar;

slk¡NviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuenaH> kMNt´lk¡N;eday

32

ELkGMBIKña’³ .

manEtbu¨eNÑHÉg . KWsUm|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakar;TaMgLay man

‘cMerInedayssmÖarseg¡b’

TaMgedayGnuelam nig bdielam .

cMENkesckþIepSgKña

sk´CaedIm edayGMNacB(N RTg´RTay Okas nig briecäT kñúg

kñúgGakar;TaMg 4 enaH cMerIn edayssmÖarseg¡b etIdUc

kayKtastienaH RtUvtMkl´citþTuk edayGMNacénbdikUlç kñúg

emþc/ . Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH kMNt´ykGakar;rwg kñúgekadðas

ZatuvvdðanenH RtUvtMkl´citþTuk edayGMNacénZatu . eRBaHehtu

20 za ²bfvIZatu³ kMNt´ykGakar;RCYtRCab EdlCarbs´rav

enaH eyaKavcrPikú¡ luHeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGakarTaMgLamansk´CaedIm

eBalKWTwk kñúgekadðas 12 za ²Gae:Zatu³ kMNt´ykkMedAEdl

eday‘mYyRkum’R:M> edayGMNacénB(NCaedImehIy kñúgTIbMput

CaeRK]gdut kñúgekadðas 4 za ²eteCaZatu³ kMNt´ykGakar;bk´

Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA dUcteTAenH KW ; . ‘bfvIekadðas’

e:keTAmk kñúgekadðas 6 za ²vaeyaZatu³ . kalebIPikú¡enaH kMNt´ y¨agdUecñaHÉgç

ZatuTaMgLay k*rEmgR:kd .

‘eksa’

kalebI

Pikú¡enaH rMBwgKit eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgLayenaHer]y> óbcar-

Zmμta sk´TaMgLayenH ekItehIy Rtg´Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆ

smaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaHÉg .

nUvllad¾k|al . kñúgEs|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|alCamYynwgsk´

k*bu¨EnþebIPikú¡Na cMerIny¨agdUecñaH kmμdðan min:nseRmcç Pikú¡enaH

TaMgLayenaH Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|al mindwgeLIyza sk´

Kb|IcMerIn edayssmÖarviPtþicuH .

TaMgLay ekItehIyelIGjç Ésk´TaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza Gj

‘cMerInedayssmÖarviPtþi’ cMerIn edayssmÖarviPtþi etIdUcemþc/ . KWCadMbUg Pikú¡enaH

ekItehIy elIEs|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|al eRb[bdUcCa kñúgesμA d*lÁitTaMgLay EdlekItehIy elIk|aldMbUk k|aldMbUk k*min

Kb|IeZVInUvóK<hekasl ‘KWsÞat´CMnajkñúgkarer[nyk’ 7 Rbkar

dwgza

nig mnsikarekasl ‘KWsÞat´CMnaj kñúgkareZVITukkñúgcitþ’ 10

d*lÁitTaMgLay k*mindwgpgEdrza GjekItehIy elIk|aldMbUk

Rbkar Edl:neBalmkehIy kñúgkayKtastikmμdðannieTÞsTaMg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Gs´ minosabsUnü ehIyeZVIviZIEdleBalehIy kñúgkayKta-

BicarNadl´KñanwgKña . Zmμtask´TaMgLay Caekadðas EpñkmYy

stikmμdðannieTÞsenaH RKb´y¨ag

kñúgsrIr;enH

cab´epþImtaMgEtGMBIkarsVaZüay

esμAd*lÁitTaMgLy

ekItehIy

elIGjç

cMENkÉesμA

Zm(TaMgLaynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig kar

minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

minEmnstV


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Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

286

smaZinieTÞs

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nigkarBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaRkck

‘elama’

TaMgLay CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

‘218’ eramTaMgLay ekItehIy elIEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; . bNþaEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; nig eramTaMgLayenaH Es|krMuB&TÆsrIr; min

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday RbkardUecñHÉg .

‘Tnþa’

dwgza eramTaMgLay ekItehIy elIGjç cMENkÉeramTaMgLay k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj ekItehIyelIEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; eRb[bdUcCa kñúgesμArNþasTaMgLay

EdlekIt

Rtg´TIkEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´

eZμjTaMgLay ekItehIy Rtg´qÁwgcg,arTaMgLay . bNþa

TI

qÁwgcg,ar nig eZμjTaMgLayenaH qÁwgcg,ar mindwgza eZμjTaMg

kEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´ k*mindwgza esμArNþas ekItehIy elIGjç

Lay ekItehIy elIGjç cMENkÉeZμjTaMgLay k*mindwgpg

cMENkÉesμArNþasesat k*mindwgpgEdrza GjekItehIy Rtg´

Edrza Gj ekItehIy kñúgqÁwgcg,arTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa kñúg

kEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´ y¨agdUecñaHÉg . Zm(TaMgnu@H R:scakkarrMBwg

ssrEdlBYkCageQITaMgLay

Kit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaeramTaMgLay Ca

ehIy

cMENkmYyedayELk

ssrTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIGjç cMENkÉssrTaMgLay

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

vij

esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu dUecñHÉg .

‘nxa’

labedayC&rsÁit

dak´eTAkñúgreNþAzμTaMgLay

k*mindwgpgEdrza

Gj

reNþATaMgLay

taMgenAehIy

ÉNanImYy mindwgza

kñúgreNþATaMgLay

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMgn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig kar

RkckTaMgLay ekItehIy elIcugénRmamédTaMgLay .

BicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

.

ZmμtaeZμjTaMgLay

CacMENkepSg

bNþaRmaméd nig RkckTaMgLayenaH RmamédTaMgLay mindwgza

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

RkckTaMgLay ekItehIyelIcugrbs´Gjç ÉRkckTaMgLayvij

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj ekItehIy elIcugRmamédTaMgLay eRb[b

‘teca’

dUcCa nakalkumarTaMgLay ykeQIeTAedat RKab´mak´sagTaMg

Es|k rMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIytaMgenA . bNþasrIr; nig

Lay ehIyelgç eQITaMgLay mindwgza RKab´mak´sag Cab´

Es|kTaMgenaH srIr; mindwgza Gj KWEs|krMuB&TÆehIyç cMENÉ

ehIyelIGjç

Es|kvij k*mindwgpgEdrza srIr; RtUvGjrMuB&TÆehIy eRb[bdUcCa

Cab´ehIy

cMENkÉRKab´mak´sag

k*mindwgpgEdrza

elIeQITaMgLay y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Gj

Zm(TaMgLaynu@H

bNþaBiNZM EdlrMuB&TÆedayEs|keKaTTwk BiNZM mindwgza Gj


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RtUvEs|keKaTTwk rMuB&TÆehIyç cMENkEs|keKaTTwk k*mindwgpg

eQICJ¢aMgTaMgLayEdleKcgedayvløi¾TaMgLay eQICJ¢aMgTaMg

Edrza BiNZM RtUvGjrMuB&TÆehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMg

Lay mindwgza Gj RtUvvløi¾TaMgLay rYbrwtehIyç cMENkvløi¾

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

TaMgLayvij k*mindwgpgEdrza eQICJ¢aMgTaMgLay RtUvGjrYb

Es|k CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna Ca

rwtehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . Zm(TaMgLaynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtasrésTaMgLayCacMENk

RbkardUecñHÉg .

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

‘mMsM’ sac´ bUklabtameRKagqÁwg ehIytaMgenA . bNþasac´

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GdðI’

nig eRKagqÁwgTaMgenaH eRKagqÁwgmindwgza Gj RtUvRbePTénsac´

bNþaqÁwgTaMgLay qÁwgEkgeCIgRTnUvqÁwgkeCIgehIyfitenAç

900 dMu bUklabehIyç cMENkÉsac´vij k*mindwgEdrza eRKag

qÁwgkeCIg RTnUvCg<g´ehIyfitenAç qÁwgCg<g´ RTnUvqÁwgePøAehIyfit

qÁwg RtUvGjbUklabehIy eRb[bdUcCa bNþaCJ¢aMgpÞHEdleKbUk

enAç qÁwgePøARTnUvqÁwgceg,HehIyfitenAç qÁwgceg,HRTnUvqÁwgxñgehIy

labehIy edaydIsÁitdMuZM CJ¢aMg mindwgza Gj RtUvdIsÁitdMud*ZM

fitenAç qÁwgxñg RTnUvqÁwg-k ehIyfitenAç qÁwg-k RTnUvqÁwgk|al

bUkehIyç cMENkÉdIsÁitdMuZMvij k*mindwgpgEdrza CJ¢aMg RtUv

ehIyfitenAç qÁwgk|al fitenAelIqÁwg-kç qÁwg-k fitenAelIqÁwg

GjbUkehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMgn@uH R:scakkar

xñgç qÁwgxñg fitenAelIqÁwgceg,Hç qÁwgceg,H fitenAelIqÁwgePøAç qÁwg

rMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtasac´ CacMENk

ePøA fitenAelIqÁwgCg<g´ç qÁwgCg<g´ fitenAelIqÁwgkeCIgç qÁwgkeCIg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaH

fitenAelIqÁwgEkgeCIg . bNþaqÁwgTaMgenaH qÁwgEkgeCIg mindwgza

sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

Gj RTnUvqÁwgkeCIg ehIyfitenAç cMENkqÁwgkeCIg k*mindwgEdr

‘srés’

za Gj RTnUvqÁwgCg<g´ ehIyfitenAç qÁwgCg<g´ k*mindwgza Gj RT

srésTaMgLay rYbrwtqÁwgTaMgLay taMgenA kñúgcenøaH én

nUvqÁwgePøA ehIyfitenAç qÁwgePøA k*mindwgza Gj RTnUvqÁwgceg,H

srIr; . bNþasrés nigqÁwgTaMgenaH qÁwgTaMgLaymindwgza Gj

ehIyfitenAç qÁwgceg,H k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwgxñg ehIyfit

RtUvsrésTaMgLayrYbrwtehIyç cMENkÉsrésTaMgLay k*min

enAç qÁwgxñg k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwg-k ehIyfitenAç qÁwg-k

dwgpgEdrza qÁwgTaMgLay RtUvGjrYbrwtehIy eRb[bdUcCa bNþa

k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwgk|al ehIyfitenAç qÁwgk|al k*min


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smaZinieTÞs

dwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwg-kç qÁwg-k k*mindwgEdrza Gj fit

Lay manbMBg´b\sSICaedIm y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLay

enAelIqÁwgxñgç qÁwgxñg k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgceg,Hç qÁwg

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

ceg,H k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgePøAç qÁwgePøA k*mindwgEdrza

xYrkñúgqÁwg CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

Gj fitenAelIqÁwgCg<g´ç qÁwgCg<g´ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelI

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

qÁwgkeCIgç qÁwgkeCIg k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgEkgeCIg

RbkardUecñHÉg .

‘vk,M’

eRb[bbIdUcCabNþaRsTab´énvtæú man«dð eQI nig eKam&yCaedIm vtæúEdlenAxageRkam>

mindwgza

RTRTg´nUvvtæúEdlenAxag

Tac CadMusac´EdlCab´CamYynwgsrésZM edImmanEtmYy

elI> ehIyfitenAç cMENkÉvtæúEdlenAxagelI> k*mindwgEdrza

srés ecjGMBIbMBg´keTAbnþic k*EbkCa 2 srés rMusac´ebHdUg

Gj

sPavZm(TaMg

ehIyfitenA . bNþasrésZM nig TacenaH srésZM mindwg za

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

Tac Cab´rMuB&TÆ edayGjç cMENkÉTac k*mindwgEdrza Gj rMuB&TÆ

ZmμtaqÁwg CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

srésZM eRb[bdUcCa bNþaEpøsVayePøaH EdlCab´CamYynwgTg

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

Tgmindwgza EpøsVayePøaH Cab´edaysaGjç cMENkEpøsVayePøaH

RbkardUecñHÉg .

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj Cab´edaysaTg y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPav-

fitenAelIvtæúxageRkam>

Gj

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

‘GdðimiJ¢M’

Zm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTA

xYrkñúgqÁwg fitenARtg´cenøaHxagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLayenaH> .

mk . ZmμtaTac CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minman

bNþaqÁwg nig xYrTaMgenaH qÁwgTaMgLay mindwgza xYr fitenAehIy

citþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu

BÆd*xagkñúgGjç cMENkÉxYrvij k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘hTyM’

BÆd*xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa bNþabNþÚlTaMgLay manbNþÚlepþA EdleKRsuHehIyCaedIm RtUveKRckcUleTA BÆd*

ebHdUg GaRs&yRtg´kNþaleRKag énqÁwgedImRTUg fitenA

xagkñúg énbMBg´TaMgLaymanbMBg´b\sSICaedIm vtæúmanbMBg´b\sSI

BÆd*xagkñúgénsrIr; . bNþaBÆd*xagkñúgeRKagénqÁwgRTUg nig ebHdUg

CaedIm mindwgza bNþÚlepþATaMgLay KWeKRckehIy kñúgGjç É

enaH BÆd*xagkñúgeRKagénqÁwgedImRTUg mindwgza ebHdUg fitenA:n

bNþÚlepþATaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza

eRBaHGaRs&yGjç

Gj fitenAehIy kñúgvtæúTaMg

cMENkÉebHdUg k*mindwgEdrza

Gj fitenA


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smaZinieTÞs

:n eRBaHGaRs&yxagkñúg éneRKagénqÁwgedImRTUg eRb[bbIdUcCa

esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñH.

bNþadMusac´ EdlbuK<ltMkl´Tuk GaRs&yxagkñúgéneRKagénEsñg

‘kielamkM’

sRmab´EsgEdlcas´ xagkñúgéneRKagénEsñgEsgEdlcas´ min

bNþavavTaMgLay vavEdlkM:Mg rYbrwtnUvebHdUgpg nUv

dwgza dMusac´ RtUvbuK<ltMkl´Tuk eRBaHGaRs&yGjç cMENkÉdMu

Tacpg ehIyfitenAç vavEdlminkM:Mg rMusac´xageRkam énEs|k

sac´ k*mindwgEdrza xagkñúgéneRKagénEsñgEsg RtUvbuK<ltMkl´

kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIyfitenA .

Tuk eRBaHGaRs&yGj y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

srIr;TaMgmUlenaH Tac ebHdUg nig sac´ kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUlenaH

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaebH

mindwgza Gj RtUvbiT:MgehIy edayvavç vav k*mindwgza Tac

dUg

Ca

ebHdUg nig sac´kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl RtUvGjbiT:MgehIy eRb[b

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

bIdUcCa nakalsac´ EdlbuK<lykkMNat´sMBt´x©b´ehIy sac´

RbkardUecñHÉg .

mindwgza

CacMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmanectna

‘yknM’

Gj

RtUveKx©b´ehIy

CMnMuTac ebHdUg nig sac´ kñúg

edaykMNat´sMBt´ç

cMENkÉ

kMNat´sMBt´ k*mindwgpgEdrza sac´ RtUveKx©b´ehIy edayGj

ezøIm fitenAehIy GaRs&ynUvCMeh[gxagsþaM BÆd*xagkñúg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

énedaHTaMgBIr xagkñúgénsrIr; . bNþaCMeh[gxagsþaM BÆd*xagkñúg

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtavav CacMENkepSgedayELk

énedaH nig ezøImenaH CMeh[gxagsþaM kñúgxagkñúgénedaHTaMgLay

kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV

mindwgza ezøImfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&yGjç cMENkÉezøImvij

Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘bihkMM’

k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&yCMeh[gxagsþaM kñúg xagkúñgénedaHTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCabNþadMusac´ePøaH EdlCab´enA Rtg´TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

mindwgza

dMusac´ePøaH

RkBH fitenA GaRs&ynUvxagénk|aléndM:reBaH Rtg´xag eqVg énebHdUg .

nakaldMu:yG EdlbuK<ldak´ehIy GaRs&y

Cab´enAelIGjç cMENkÉdMusac´ePøaH k*mindwgEdrza GjCab´enA

nUvxagkMBUlénCRguk TIxagkMBUlénCRguk mindwgza dMu:yG fit

Rtg´TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

enAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkdMu:yG k*mindwgEdrza

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaezøIm

Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvxagkMBUlénCRguk y¨agNa

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

mijç

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

bNþaTIxagelIdM:reBaHxageqVg nig RkBHenaH TIxagk|al


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éndM:reBaH mindwgza RkBH fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç

294

smaZinieTÞs eBaHev[nZM fitenA kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr; Rtg´TIbMput énsnÞH

cMENkÉRkBH k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

bMBg´k nig pøÚvénGaharcas´ .

TIxagénkMBUléndM:reBaH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

sPavZm(TaMgLay

ev[nZMenaH TIxagkñúgénsrIr; mindwgza eBaHev[nZM fitenA elIGjç

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

cMENkÉeBaHev[nZM k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenA kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr;

RkBH CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna Ca

eRb[bdUcCa nakalsaksBénBs´ mank|alKWbuK<lkat´ehIy

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

EdleKdak´bMeBn kñúgsñÚkénQamç sñÚkénQam mindwgza sak

RbkardUecñHÉg .

sBénBs´ fitenAelIGjç cMENkÉsaksBénBs´ k*mindwgEdr

‘b:ösM’

bNþaTIxagkñúgénsrIr; nig eBaH

za Gj fitenA kñúgsñÚkénQam y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sPavZm(TaMg

sYt biT:MgxagelIebHdUgpg ezøImpg enARtg´cenøaH én

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

edaHTaMgBIr kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr; ehIysMyugcuH fitenA . nakal

ZmμtaeBaHev[nZM CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minman

sMbukénstVsøab z¬k´BüÜr kñúgxagkñúgénCRgukcas´ TIxagkñúg én

citþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu

CRgukcas´ mindwgza sMbukénstVsøab kalz¬k´ehIyfitenA elI

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GnþKuNM’

Gjç cMENkÉsMbukstVsøab k*mindwgEdrza Gj kalz¬k´ehIy fitenA kñúgxagkñúgénCRgukcas´ y¨agNamijç bNþaTIxagkñúg én

eBaHev[ntUc B&TÆB&nÆ nUvpñt´éneBaHev[nZMTaMgLay 21 pñt´

srIr; nig sYtenaH TIxagkñúgénsrIr; mindwgza sYt kalz¬k´

Rtg´cenøaHéneBaHev[nZM ehIyfitenA . nakalExSTaMgLayEdl

ehIy fitenAelIGjç cMENksYt k*mindwgEdrza Gj kalz¬k´

xÞas´nUvrgVg´énExSsMrab´eCIg ehIyfitenAç cgVayExSsMrab´CUteCIg

ehIy fitenA kñúgxagkñúgsrIr; mansPaBEbbenH y¨agenaHEdr .

mindwgza ExSTaMgLaycak´ERsHnUveyIg ehIyfitenAç cMENkExS

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTA

TaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza eyIgcak´ERsHnUvvgVg´énExSsMrab´CUteCIg

vijeTAmk . ZmμtasYt CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

ehIyfitenA y¨agNamijç bNþaeBaHev[nZM nig eBaHev[ntUcenaH

minmanectna

eBaHev[nZM mindwgza eBaHev[ntUc cgTUeTAnUvGj ehIyfitenAç

CaGBüaRkwt

esaHsUnü

CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GnþM’

minEmnstV

Carbs´rwg

cMENkÉeBaHev[ntUc

k*mindwgEdrza

Gj

cgTUeTAnUveBaHev[nZM

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak


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smaZinieTÞs

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaeBaHev[ntUc

Gaharcas´ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRkBHénóc©ar;

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

‘óTriyM’

.

ZmμtaGaharcas´

CacMENkepSg

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

vtæúEdleKsIu pwk TMBasIu CJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ fitenA kñúgeBaH

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘mtælug<M’

eQμaHza GaharzμI . bNþaeBaH nig GaharzμIenaH eBaH mindwgza GaharzμI fitenAelIGjç cMENkÉGaharzμI k*mindwgEdrza Gj

xYrkñúgk|al fitenA kñúgxagkúñg énllad¾k|al . bNþa

fitenA kñúgeBaH eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalkMGYténEq, EdlfitenAehIy

xagkñúgénllad¾k|al nig xYrkñúgk|alenaH TIxagkñúgénllad¾

kñúgsñÚkénEq,ç sñÚkénEq, mindwgza kMGYténEq, fitenAehIyelIGjç

k|al mindwgza xYrkñúgk|al fitenAehIy elIGjç cMENkxYrkñúg

cMENkÉkMGYténEq, k*mindwgza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsñÚkénEq,

k|al k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgxagkñúgénllad¾

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

k|al eRb[bdUcCa nakaldMuénemSA EdlbuK<lRckehIykñúgsMbk

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaGaharzμI CacMENkepSgeday

eXøakcas´ç llad¾eXøak mindwgza duMénemSA fitenAehIy elI

ELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmn

Gjç cMENkdMuénemSA k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsMbk

stV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eXøak y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwg

‘krIsM’

Kit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaxYrkñúgk|al CacMENk

Gaharcas´ fitenAkñúgTIbMputéneBaHev[nZM R:kdesμIeday zñaMgénb\sSI 8 Zñab´ eBalKWRkBHénGaharcas´ . nakaldIsÁit

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaH sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

manB(Nel]gd*Tn´ EdlbuK<lRc:c´ ehIyRckeTAkñúgzñaMgb\sSIç

‘Gae:ekadðas’

zñaMgénb\sSI mindwgza dIsÁitmanB(Nel]g fitenAehIyelIeyIgç

‘bitþM’

cMENkÉdIsÁitvij k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgzñaMg én

bNþaRbmat´TaMgLay Rbmat´«teRsam RCYtRCabnUvsrIr;

b\sSI y¨agNamijç bNþaRkBHóc©ar; nig Gaharcas´enaH RkBH

TaMgmUl

énóc©ar; mindwgza Gaharcas´ fitenAehIy elIeyIgç

eRsamfitenAehIy kñúgeRsaménRbmat´ . nakaleRbgRCYtRCab

cMENkÉ

Cab´cMeBaHehIynUvCIviti®nÞIy¾

ehIyfitenAç

Rbmat´man


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smaZinieTÞs

nUvnMehIyfitenAç nMmindwgza eRbgRCYtRCabnUvGj ehIyfitenAç

fitenAehIy elIGjç cMENkÉesøsμ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenA

cMENkeRbg k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCabnUvnM ehIyfitenA y¨ag

ehIykñúgdM:reBaH k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

Namijç bNþasrIr; nig Rbmat´«teRsam nig Rbmat´maneRsam

cakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaesøsμ Ca

enaH srIr; mindwgza Rbmat´«teRsamRCYtRCabGj ehIyfitenAç

cMENkepSgedayELk

cMENkÉRbmat´«teRsam k*mindwgEdrza Gj RCYtRCabnUvsrIr;

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . ‘mYyeT[t’ nakalsajénnenag

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

‘bueBVa’

EdleBjehIy edayTwk kñúgrdUvePø{gç sMbknenagsaj mindwg za TwkkñúgrdUvePø{g fitenAehIy kñúgGjç cMENkTwkkñúgrdUvePø{g

xÞúH BMumanOkasenARbcaMeLIy kñúgsrIrb|eTsNa> Edl

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsMbknenag y¨agNamijç

RtUvvtæúTaMgLay mandg<t´RcM bnøamut nig GNþatePøIgCaedIm b¨H

eRsaménRbmat´ mindwgza Rbmat´maneRsamfitenAehIy kñúgGjç

Tg<icehIyç Qam XaMgenAehIy k*xUceTAç müa¨geT[t eraKTaMg

cMENkRbmat´maneRsam k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúg

LaymanBk nig rlkEkvCaedIm rEmgekIteLIg k*fitenA kñúg

eRsaménRbmat´ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

srIrb|eTsenaH>Ég . nakaleQImanC&rhUrecjehIy eday

cakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaRbmat´

GMNacénkarRbhar edayb¨UvezACaedImç RbeTsmankarRbharCa

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

edIméneQI mindwgza C&rfitenAehIy elIeyIgTaMgLayç cMENk

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

C&r k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRbeTsmankarRbharCa

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

edIm énedImeQI y¨agNamijç bNþasrIrb|eTsEdlRtUvdg<t´

‘esmMØ’

nig bnøaCaedIm b¨HTg<ic nig xÞúHenaH RbeTsénsrIr;EdlRtUvdg<t´

esøsμ manRbmaNeBjmYyTUkéd fitenA kñúgdM:reBaH .

nig bnøaCaedIm b¨HTg<icehIy mindwgza xÞúH fitenAehIy elIBYk

nakalGNþÚgénRCaM mandMuénRkEBg EdlekItkñúgxagelIç GNþÚg

eyIgç cMENkxÞúH k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRbeTsTaMg

énRCaM mindwgza dMuénRkEBgTwk fitenAehIyelIGjç ÉRkEBgTwk

LayenaH k*y¨agenaHEdr .

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgGNþÚgénRCaM y¨agNamijç

rMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaxÞúHCacMENkepSg

bNþadM:reBaH

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

nig esøsμTaMgenaH dM:reBaH mindwgza esøsμ

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkar

minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü min


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smaZinieTÞs

‘eseTa’

EmnCastV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ejIs bMeBjcenøaHénreNþA énsk´ nig eram ehIyfitenA

‘elahitM’

xøH hUrecjmk kñúgeBlTaMgLay maneBlEdlekþAsBV eday

bNþaQamTaMgLay sMsrNelahit ‘QamEdlrt´eTA

ePøIgCaedImxøH . kñúgRbehagreNþAsk´ nig eram CamYynwgejIs

mk’ RCYtRCabsrIr;TaMgmUl dUcCaRbmat´ ehIyfitenAç snñicit-

enaH RbehagreNþAénsk´ nig eramTaMgLay mindwgza ejIshUr

elahit ‘QamEdldk´enA’ bMeBjEpñkxageRkam énkEnøgrbs´

ecjcakeyIgTaMgLayç ejIs k*mindwgEdrza Gj hUrecjcak

ezøIm ehIyepSImnUvTac ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYtTaMgLay RbmaN

RbehagreNþAénsk´ nig eramTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa nakal:c´

eBjmYyTUkéd ehIyfitenA . bNþaelahitTaMgBIrenaH vinicä&y

énRkOQUk nig TgénQUkCaedIm RKan´EtbuK<ldkeLIgecjGMBI

kñúgsMsrNelahit KWRbEhlKñanwgRbmat´«tmaneRsamEdr .

TwkehIyç cenøaHén:c´man:c´énRkOQUkCaedImmindwgza TwkhUr

cMENkkñúgsnñicitelahit eRkAGMBIenH Kb|IRCabvinic&äy dUcteTA

ecjcakeyIgTaMgLayç Twk kalhUrecjcakRbehagén:c´ én

enH KW ; nakalTwk Rsk´cuHehIy kñúgGMEbgEdlcas´ júaMgvtæú

RkOQUkCaedIm k*mindwgEdrza Gj hUrecjcakRbehag én:c´

TaMgLaymanKMnrdMudICaedIm BÆd*xageRkam oesImç vtæúTaMgLay

RkOQUkCaedIm y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

manKMnrdMudICaedIm mindwgza eyIgTaMgLayRtUvTwkeZVIoesImç Twk

cakkarrMBwgKit

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj júaMgvtæúTaMgLaymanKMnrdMudICaedImoesIm

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

y¨agNamijç TIénPaKxageRkaménezøImkþI vtæúmanTacCaedImkþI min

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

dwgza Qam fitenA kñúgeyIg ß kalepSImnUveyIgehIyk*fitenAç

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

nig

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

.

ZmμtaejIs

‘emeTa’

Qam k*mindwgEdrza GjbMeBjEpñkxageRkaménezøIm ehIyepSIm TacCaedImoesIm ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMg

xøaj´xab´ CaC&rEdlpSayeTAkan´srIr;TaMgmUl énmnusS

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

EdlZat´ CaC&rd*xab´fitenA GaRs&ynUvsac´TaMgLay mansac´

ZmμtaQamCacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ Ca

sμgCaedIm rbs´mnusSs<m . nakaldMuénsac´ EdleKbiT:Mg

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCab

ehIy edaykMNat´sMBt´ EdlbuK<lRClk´ehIyedayrem[tç dMu

CaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

énsac´

mindwgza kMNat´sMBt´EdleKRClk´ehIy edayrem[t


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302

smaZinieTÞs

fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkkMNat´sMBt´ EdleK

ZmμtaTwkEPñk CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ

RClk´edayrem[t k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&y

CaGBüaRkwt

nUvdMusac´ y¨agNamijç bNþasac´CamYyxøaj´xab´enaH sac´ kñúg

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

esaHsUnü

minEmnstV

CaTwkesIm

mankarRCYt

‘vsa’

srIr;TaMgmUlkþI kñúgGvyv;mansμgCaedImkþI mindwgza xøaj´xab´ fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkxøaj´xab´ k*mindwgEdr

xøaj´rav Caxøaj´EdlrlayfitenA kñúgépÞén:téd xñg:t

za Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvsac´ kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ß

éd épÞ:teCIg xñg:teCIg kJ©b´RcmuH záas´ nig cg,Üyénsμa

kñúgGvyv;mansμgCaedIm k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

TaMgLay kñúgeBlEdlekþAsBVeRBaHePøIgCaedIm . bNþaRbeTs

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nigkarBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaxøaj´

manépÞ:tédCaedIm nig xøaj´ravenaH

xab´CacMENkepSgedayELkkñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

edIm mindwgza xøaj´ravRCYtRCabnUvGj ehIyfitenAç cMENkxøaj´

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaC&rsÁit mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

rav k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCab kñúgRbeTsmanépÞén:tédCaedIm

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ehIyfitenA eRb[bbIdUcCa nakal:ykþaMg maneRbgRtUvbuK<l

‘GsSú’

RbeTsmanépÞ én:tédCa

dak´ehIyç :ykþaMg mindwgza eRbgRCYtRCabnUvGjehIyfitenAç

TwkEPñk ekItRBm kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH TwkEPñk júaMg

cMENkeRbg k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCab nUv:ykþaMg ehIyfit

reNþAEPñk oeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUrecjmkxøH . bNþareNþA

enA y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit

EPñk nig TwkEPñkenaH reNþAénEPñk mindwgza TwkEPñkfitenAehIy

nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaxøaj´rav CacMENkepSg

kñúgeyIgTaMgLayç cMENkTwkEPñk k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenA

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü min

ehIy kñúgreNþAénEPñkTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalreNþA én

EmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu

RKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay EdleBjehIy edayTwkç reNþA énRKab´

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘exeLa’

etñatx©I mindwgza TwkfitenAehIy kñúgeyIgTaMgLayç cMENkTwk kñúgreNþAénRKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

Twkmat´ç nakalbc©&yCaTIekIteLIgénTwkmat´ R:kdy¨ag

kñúgreNþAénRKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMg

dUecñaH ekItmanç cuHehIycakxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr ehIyfitenAkñúgépÞ

Laynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaKñaeTAvijeTAmk .

énGNþat .

nakalreNþA éneRtIysÞwg EdlmanTwkhUrmindac´


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‘lsika’

épÞénreNþA mindwgza Twkdk´Cab´enA kñúgeyIgç Twk k*mindwgEdrza Gj dk´Cab´enAkñúgépÞénreNþA y¨agNamijç épÞénGNþat mindwg

TwkrMGil kaljúaMgkic©KWkarlabnUvsnøak´ énqÁwgTaMgLay

za Twkmat´ cuHZøak´cakxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr ehIyfitenA kñúgeyIgç

osMerc fitenAehIy kñúgsnøak´ 180 . nakalePøAénreTH Edl

cMENkTwkmat´k*mindwgEdrza Gj cuHcakxagénz¬al´TaMgLayBIr

buK<llabehIyedayeRbgç ePøAreTH mindwgza eRbgRbLak´Gj

ehIyfitenA elIépÞénGNþat k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

sPavZm(TaMg

ehIyfitenAç cMENkÉeRbg k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj labePøAreTH

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

ehIyfitenA y¨agNamijç bNþasnøak´ 180 nig TwkrMGilenaH

ZmμtaTwkmat´ CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ

snøak´énqÁwg 180 mindwgza TwkrMGillabnUveyIgTaMgLayehIy

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYt

fitenAç cMENkTwkrMGil k*mindwgEdrza Gj labnUvsnøak´ 180

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak

‘sig¹alika’

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

TwksMe:r ekItRBm kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH júaMgekþag

cMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

ZmμtaTwkrMGil Ca

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

RcmuHoeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUrecjxøH . bNþaekþagRcmuH nig

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar;

TwksMe:renaH ekþagRcmuH mindwgza TwksMe:r fitenAehIy kñúg

CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eyIgç cMENkTwksMe:r k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIykñúgekþag

‘mutþM’

RcmuHTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalsMbkxüg EdleBjehIy

TwkmURt fitenA kñúgxagkñúg éne:økenam . nakalkÁmRsaM

edayTwkedaHCUrpÁÚmç sMbkxüg mindwgza TwkedaHCUrpÁÚm fitenA

EdleKdak´ehIy manmat´cuHeRkam kñúgreNþARCaMhñwgÉgç kÁmRsaM

ehIy kñúgeyIgç cMENkTwkedaHCUrpÁÚm k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenA

mindwgza rsénTwkRCaM fitenAehIykñúgeyIgç cMENkrsénTwkRCaM

ehIy

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgkÁmRsaM y¨agNamijç bNþa

kñúgsMbkxüg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaTwk

e:økenam nig TwkmURtenaH

sMe:r

Ca

ehIy kñúgeyIgç cMENkTwkmURt k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

mankiriyaRCYt

kñúge:økenam k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak

CacMENkepSgedayELk

GBüaRkwt

esaHsUnü

minEmnstV

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaTwkesIm

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

e:økenam mindwgza TwkmURt fitenA

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaKñaeTAvijeTAmk .

ZmμtaTwkmURt Ca


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kñúgsrIr;enH

305 minmancitþ

306

smaZinieTÞs

‘vaeyaekadðas’

CaGBüaRkwt

‘220’ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ nUvxül´

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar;

Edlbk´eLIgelI edayGMNacénxül´Edlbk´eLIgelI kMNt´nUv

CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg ³ .

‘eteCaekadðas’

xül´Edlbk´cuHeRkam edayGMNacxül´Edlbk´cuHeRkam kMNt´

‘219’ RBHeyaKavcr luHjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

nUvxül´EdledkenAkñúgeBaH edayGMNacénxül´EdledkenA kñúg

bfvIekadðas nig Gae:ekadðasTaMgLay mansk´CaedIm dUc:n

eBaH

BN(namk y¨agenHehIy

EdledkenAkñúgsrés

Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

eteCaekadðas ‘cMENkénePøIg’ TaMgLay y¨agenH za ;

kMNt´nUvxül´EdledkenAkñúgsrés

edayGMNacénxül´

kMNt´nUvxül´Edlbk´

edayGMNacénxül´Edlbk´kñúgGvyv;tUc-ZM

kñúgGvyv;tUc-ZM kMNt´nUvxül´dk

²kay rEmgekþAsBV edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENk

degØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl edayGMNacénxül´dkdegØIm

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

ecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl ehIyKb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþ

EmnstV mankiriyaGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

eTA kñúgcMENkénxül´TaMgLay y¨agdUecñH za ;

²kay EtgRTuDeRTam edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENk

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay Edlbk´eLIgeTAelI CacMENkepSg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmn

EmnstV mankiriyaGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

stV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

²kay EtgeqHeralral edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH Ca

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay

Edlbk´cuHeRkam

CacMENkepSg

cMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmn

minEmnstV mankarGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

stV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

²vtæúman:yCaedIm EdlbuK<lsIuehIy pwkehIy TMBasIu

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay EdledkenAkñúgeBaH CacMENkepSg

ehIy nig liTÆehIy Etgdl´nUvkiriyaERbRbYleTA edayRbéB

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmnstV

edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

TeT

minEmnstV

CaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHÉg .

mankiriyaGb´kMedA

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

EdledkenAkñúgsrés minmancitþ

CacMENk

CaGBüaRkwt TeT min


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EmnstV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

308

smaZinieTÞs

²CaZatuxül´³ y¨agdUecñH .

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay Edlbk´kñúgGvyv;tUcZM CacMENk

RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCab kñúgcMENkTaMg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

Lay 12 za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;EdldutkMedA kñúg

EmnstV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

cMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edl

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay EdlsMrab´dkdegØIjecj nig dk degØImcUl

CacMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmnCastV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk Ca

bk´e:keTAmk kñúgcMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edlrwg kñúgcMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²bfvIZatu³ dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´lk¡N;EdldutkMedA kñúgcMENkTaMg

vaeyaZatu³ y¨agdUecñH . ZatuTaMgLay EtgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH Gñkman

Lay 4 za ²eteCaZatu³ .

Kb|IkMNt´lk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTA

mnsikarRbRBwtþeTA y¨agenH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH nwkrMBwg eZVITuk

mk EdlminEbkEx\kecjBIZatuePøIgenaH za ²veyaZatu³ . kMNt´

kúñgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgLayenaH er]y> óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg

lk¡N;Edlrwg EdlminEbkEx\kBIZatuePøIgenaH za ²bfvIZatu³ .

tamn&yEdlelak:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg .

kMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCabEdlminEbkEx\kecjBIZatuePøIgenaH

Etza kalRBHeyaKINa cMerIny¨agenH kmμdðan minsMercç RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IcMerIn edayslk¡Nseg¡bcuH .

sYrza ;

za ²Gae:Zatu³ dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúg

‘cMerInedayslk¡Nseg¡b’

cMENkTaMgLay6 za ²vaeyaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edlrwg kúñg

Kb|IcMerIn edayslk¡Nseg¡b dUcemþc / .

cMENkTaMg 6 enaHÉg za ²bfvIZatu³ .

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;Edlrwg kñúg cMENkTaMgLay 20 za ²CaZatudI³ dUecñH .

Kb|IkMNt´yk

kMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYt

RCab kúñgcMENkTaMg 6 enaHÉg za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´yk lk¡N;EdlGb´kMedAkúñgcMENkTaMg 6 enaHEdrza ²eteCaZatu³ .

lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCab kñúgcMENkTaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za ²Ca

kalRBHeyaKIenaH kMNt´ y¨agdUecñH ZatuTaMgLay rEmg

ZatuTwk³ dUecñHç Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;EdlGb´kMedA kñúgcMENk

R:kd . kalRBHeyaKIenaH rMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgLay

TaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za ²CaZatuePøIg³ dUecñHç Kb|IkMNt´yk

enaH er]y>ç óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdlelak

lk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúgcMENkTaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za

eBalehIyenaHÉg .


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Etza kalRBHeyaKINa cMerIny¨agenH kmμdðan minsMercç RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IcMerIn edaykarEvkEjktamlk¡N;rbs´xøÜn .

‘cMerInedayslk¡NviPtþi’ sYrza; RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerIn edaykarEvkEjktamlk¡N; rbs´xøÜn y¨agdUcemþc / . eqøIyza; RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´nUvGakar;TaMgLay mansk´ CaedIm tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉg ehIy kMNt´nUvlk¡N;rwg kñúgsk´ za ²bfvIZatu³ .

kMNt´nUvlk¡N;

EdlRCYtRCab kñúgsk´enaHÉg za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N; EdlGb´kMedA kñúgsk´enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N; Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúgsk´enaHEdr za ²vaeyaZatu³ . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ZatubYn> kñúgZatumYy> kñúgcMENkTaMgGs´ y¨agenH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH kMNt´y¨agenH ZatuTaMgLay rEmgR:kd . kalRBHeyaKI nwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgenaH o:ner]y> óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIgtamn&yEdl:neBalehIynu@HÉg .

‘mnsikar edayGakar; 13 k*:n’ ‘221’ müa¨gvijeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatu TaMgLay edayGakar;TaMgLayenH k*:n KW ;

vcndðeta

edayEkGtærbs´Baküç

klabeta

edayklab; ‘BYk’ç

cuNÑeta

edaylMGitç

lk¡NaTieta

edaylk¡N;CaedImç

310

smaZinieTÞs

smudðaneta

edaysmudðanç

nanetþktþeta

edayPaBepSgKña nig RtUvKñaç

vinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta edayPaBEdlEbkBIKña nig minEbk GMBIKñaç

sPaKvisPaKeta

edayPaBEdlmancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKñaç

GCÄtþikBahirviesseta

edayPaBEdlEbøkKñarbs´Zatu

Caxagkñúg nig ZatuCaxageRkAç

sg<heta

edayse®g<aHç

bc©yeta

edaybc©&yç

Gsmnñahareta

edayPaBEdlmindwgnUvKñanwgKñaç

bc©yviPaKeta

edaykiriyaEcknUvbc©&y .

EkbTvcndðeta kñúgGakar;TaMgenaH RBHeyaKI kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ edayEk Gtærbs´Bakü

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayEkGtærbs´Bakü

eday

GMNacénPav;viess nig esμIKña y¨agdUecñH za ²eQμaHza bfvI Zatu eRBaHPav;énZatuenaHRkas´ç eQμaHza Ge: eRBaHeZVIoesIm eZVIoeCak ß eZVIoRCYtRCabç eQμaHza eteCa eRBaHGb´oekþAç eQμaHza vaeya eRBaHbk´e:k³ dUecñH . ebIeBaledayesckþImin EbøkKña eQμaHza Zatu eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´xøÜnpg eRBaH CaTItaMgénesckþITuk¡pg eRBaHCaTIrgnUvesckþITuk¡pg .


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EkbTklabeta

312

smaZinieTÞs

RbmaNBak´kNþal GMBIbfvIZatuenaH se®g<aHehIy KWeteCaZatu

‘222’ Baküza ²klabeta³ manB(Nnaza ; RBHGdðkza

rkSaTukehIy KWvaeyaZatu e:kbk´ehIy Kg´minerayray min

sMEdgbfvIZatu edayGakar;TaMgLay 20 edayn&yza ²sk´

x©at´x©ayeTAç bfvIZatuenaH kalminerayray minx©at´x©ay rEmg

eram³

edayGakar;TaMgLay

cUleTACitdl´nUvkiriyakMNt´c|as´ manviZICaeRcIny¨ag mankar

12 edayn&yza ²Rbmat´ esøsμ³ dUecñHCaedImpg enHÉNaç kñúg

rab´ za ²CaRsI CaRbus³ dUecñHCaedImpg EtgRbkas nUvPaBén

Gakar;TaMgLayenaH

Gakar; mans<m Zat´ Evg xøI rwgbuwg nig Tn´Pøn´CaedImpg .

dUecñHCaedImpgç

sMEdgGae:Zatu

eRBaHkiriyaRbCMuKñaénZm( 8 y¨ag KW; B(N køin rs OCa nig ZatuTaMg 4 karsnμtiza ²sk´³ eTIbmanç eRBaHkiriyaEjk nUvZm(TaMg 8 enaHÉg karsnμtiza ²sk´³ eTIbminmanç eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²eksa³ RKan´EtCaBYk én

cMENk Gae:Zatu Edldl´nUvPaBesIm manGakar;RCYt RCab

kñúgsrIr;enH

manbfvIZatuCaTItaMg

RtUveteCaZatutamrkSa

ehIy RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pat´ehIy rEmgminhUrecj minRskcuHç kalminhUrecj minRskcuH eTIbrEmgbgØajnUvPaBeBjeRB[b . cMENketeCaZatu EdlmanPaBekþACalk¡N; mancMhay

Zm( 8 bueNÑaHÉg . Baküza ²eram CaedIm³ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

CaGakar;ekItehIy júaMgrbs´EdleKsIu-pwkCaedIm orlYy kñúg

b¨uEnþkñúgcMENkTaMgenaH cMENkNa mankmμ Casmudðan cMENk

srIr;enH GaRs&ybfvIZatu RtUvGae:Zatu CYyse®g<aHehIy RtUv

enaH cat´CaBYkénZm( 10 CamYyKñanwgCIviti®nÞIy¾pg nig Pav;pgç

vaeyaZatu bk´pat´ehIy rEmgeZVIkayenHoekþApg rEmgnaMmknUv

Etza cMENkenaH dl´nUvkarrab´za ²bfvIZatu Gae:Zatu³ eday

kardl´RBm edayBN(sm|úr dl´ragkayenaHpg . mYyeT[t

GMNacéns&BÞEdleRbImkedayeRcIn . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITuk kñúg

kayenH RtUveteCaZatukMedAehIy eTIbminsMEdgnUvPaBsÁúy .

citþ edayklab ‘BYk’ y¨agenHÉg .

cMENkÉ vaeyaZatu pSayeTAkan´Gvyv;tUc nig ZM man

EkbTcuNÑeta ‘223’ Baküza ²cuNÑeta³ esckþIza EmnBit bfvIZatu KW Gacarü

kalkMNt´yk

edayRbmaNCakNþal

kñúgsrIr;enH

manlMGit edayRbePTd*tUcéRkElg CaZUlId*lÁit Kb|ICalMGit manRbmaNmYYyeTaN; ‘16 naLi’ .

bfvIZatuenaH KWGae:Zatu

lk¡N;e:kbk´ojab´j&r:n taMgenA:neRBaHbfvIZatu RtUv:n Gae:Zatuse®g<aHehIy

RtUveteCaZatu

rkSaTukehIy

eTIbjúaMg

kayenH oehIm:n . k*kayenH RtUvvaeyaZatuoehImehIy rEmgmineRTteRTat fitenARtg´ç kayenH RtUvvaeyaZatudéTeT[t bk´bEnæmehIy EtgbgØajnUvkardwgc|as´ kñúg«riyabzedIr Qr


visuTÆimK< ERb

313

314

smaZinieTÞs

Gg<úy nig edk bt´cUl laecj rlas´édeCIg:n . ynþKWZatu

kñúgcMENkTaMgLayenaH

cMENkTaMgLay 4 enH KW ²GaharzμI

enH CaeRK]gbeJäat énCnBal edayPaBmanPaBCaRsIRbus Ca

Gaharcas´ xÞúH TwkmURt³ manrdUv CasmudðanEtmüa¨gç cMENk

edIm R:kdesμIedaymayarUb EtgRbRBwtþeTAy¨agdUecñHÉg .

TaMgLay 4 enH ²TwkEPñk ejIs Twkmat´ TwksMe:r³ manrdUv

RBH

eyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgenaH edaylMGit y¨agenH .

EkbTlk¡NaTieta

nig citþCasmudðanç ePøIgsMrab´cMGinnUvGaharEdlbuK<lsIuehIyCa edIm mankmμCasmudðanEtmüa¨gç xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dk

‘224’ Baküza ²lk¡NaTieta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|I BicarNa nUvZatuTaMg 4 y¨agenHza ²bfvIZatu manGVICalk¡N;

degØImcUl mancitþCasmudðanEtmüa¨gç ÉcMENkTaMgLayd*ess mansmudðan 4³ dUecñHÉg .

EkbTnanetþktþeta

manGVICakic© manGVICapl³ y¨agdUecñHehIy RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþeday

‘226’ Baküza ²nanetþktþeta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMgLay

Gakar;manlk¡N;CaedIm y¨agenHza ; ²bfvIZatu manPaBrwgeRKatRKatCalk¡N; mankartaMgenA s)b´Cakic© mankarTTYlRBmCaplç

Bit lk¡N; kic© nig pl énbfvIZatu suTÆEtepSgKña . lk¡N;

Gae:Zatu mankarhUrecjeTACalk¡N; mankarcMerInCa kic© mankiriyaeRCamERCgCaplç eteCaZatu

manPaBekþACalk¡N;

TaMgBYg manPaBepSg>Kña edayGakar;manlk¡N;CaedIm . Emn

kic© nig pl énZatuTaMgLaymanGae:ZatuCaedImk*epSgKñaEdr . EtZatuTaMgLayenaH sUm|ImanPaBepSg>Kña edayGMNacGakar;

mankarGb´kMedACakic©

mankiriyapþl´onUvPaBTn´Caplç vaeyaZatu mankiriyabk´pat´Calk¡N; mankiriyalan´»

manlk¡N;CaedIm nig edayGMNacénsmudðan mankmμsmudðan CaedIm

k*enAEtmanesckþIEtmYy

edayGMNacénPaBCarUb

Ca

mhaPUt CaZatu CaZm( nig Carbs´mineT[gTat´CaedIm .

eLIgCakic© mankiriyaer:nCapl³ dUecñH .

EmnBit ZatuTaMgGs´ eQμaHza rUb eRBaHZatuTaMgenaH min

EkbTsmudðaneta

knøgnUvlk¡N; énkarvinasRTuDeRTameTA:nç eQμaHza mhaPUt

‘225’ Baküza ²smudðaneta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVI TukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgLay edaysmudðan y¨agenHza ²RBHmanRBH PaK RTg´sMEdgnUvcMENk 42 mansk´CaedIm edayGMNacénkar sMEdgnUvcMENkénZatu manbfvIZatuCaedIm edayBisþar enHÉNa

eRBaHehtuTaMgLay manPaBénkaymankarR:kdeRcInCaedIm .

EkbTmhnþ:tuPavaTIhi ‘227’ Baküza ²mhnþ:tuPavaTIhi³ esckþIza k*ZatuTaMg LayenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

mhaPUt edayehtuTaMg


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316

smaZinieTÞs

LayenH KW; edayPaBénZatuenaHCaZatuR:kdeRcInpg edayPaB

BN(RkhmeT ‘Et’ sMEdgó:TayrUb CaBN(Rkhm:nç xøÜnÉg

esμIKñaedaymhaPUtpg

minEmnmanBN(sesaH ‘Et’sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb CaBN(s:n

edaykarEzrkSaZMpg

edaykarERbRbYl

eRb[bbIdUcCa mnusSGñkmankll|ic sMEdgeZVITwkEdlminEmnCa

ZMpg edayeRBaHCaZmμCatZM nig eRBaHCarbs´Bitpg .

EkbTmhnþ:tuPaveta

EkvmNIesaH oeTACaEkvmNI:nç sMEdg eZVIdMudI EdlminEmnCa

bNþbTTaMgenaH bTza ²mhnþ:tuPaveta³ esckþIza Bit

masesaH oeTACamas:nç mYyeT[t eRb[bbIdUcCa mnusSGñk

EmnehIy mhaPUtTaMg 4 enH R:kd Carbs´ZM kñúgsnþanEdl

mankll|icenaH xøÜnÉg minEmnCayk¡ minEmnCabkSIesaH ‘Et’

minmancitþRKb´RKgpg kñúgsnþanEdlmancitþRKb´RKgpg . PaB

sMEdgnUvPaBCayk¡ k*:n nUvPaBCabkSI k*:n y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

EdlR:kdCarbs´ZM énsnþanTaMgBIrenaH kñúgsnþanEdlminman

eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaH

citþRKb´RKg

esμIKñaedaymnusSmanmayaeRcIn KWmnusSmankll|ic .

xM\úeBalehIyEmnBit

kñúgBuTÆanusStinieTÞs

eday

mYyeT[t mhaPUtTaMgLay manyk¡CaedIm cab´nUvbuK<l

n&ymann&y za ;

EpndIenH bNÐiteBaledaykMras´zamanRbmaN

Naç TIxagkñúgénmhaPUtTaMgenaH KWbuK<lenaHkMNt´dwgmin:n TI

bu¨eNÑH KW ; 240ç000 eyaCn¾ dUecñHCaedIm .

xageRkA énmhaPUtTaMgenaH KWbuK<lenaH kMNt´dwgmin:n Etza

É:tuPUtTaMgLay d*CaZMhñwgÉg EtgmansUm|IkñúgsnþanEdlman

mhaPUtTaMgLayenaH minEmnminGaRs&ynUvbuK<lenaH fitenAeT

citþRKb´RKg edayGMNacénRtI GeNþIk eTvta nig GsurCaedIm .

y¨agNamijç sUm|IPUtKWZatuTaMgLayenH CaZmμCatiminfitenABÆd*

smdUcCa

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

xagkñúg minfitenABÆd*xageRkA énKñanwgKñaeT KWbuK<lkMNt´dwg:n

GtþPaBTaMgLay sUm|ImanRbEvgmYyryeyaCn¾ k*manEdr kñúg

Etza vaminEmnminfitenAGaRs&ynUvKñanwgKñaeT k*y¨agenaHEdr .

mhasmuRT³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza mhaPUt k*eRBaHPav;

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´za

EkbTmhaPUtsamJ¦eta bTza ²mhaPUtsamJ¦eta³ esckþIza k*mhaPUtTaMgenH

Carbs´esμIKña edaymhaPUt manyk¡CaedIm eRBaHPav;énTItaMg KW buK<lminKYrKit RbkarmYy .

xøÜnÉg minEmnmanBN(ex[veT ‘Et’sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb ‘rUbEdl

mYyeT[t mhaPUtTaMgLay eBalKWyk¡inI biT:MgnUvPaB

EGbGaRs&y’ CaBN(ex[v:nç xøÜnÉg minEmnmanBN(el]geT

énxøÜnCaPUtEdlKYroP&yxøac ehIybeJäatnUvstVTaMgLayeday

‘Et’ sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb CaBN(el]g:nç xøÜnÉg minEmnman

karsMEdgnUvBN(sm|úr nig RTg´RTay EdlCaTIeBjcitþ y¨ag


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318

smaZinieTÞs

Namijç sUm|IPUtKWZatuTaMgLayenH biT:MgnUvrs nig lk¡N;

viJ¦aNRbkan´yk PaBénmhaPUtmanvikar;d*ZM rEmgR:dk kñúg

rbs´xøÜn epSgedaysPaBmanPaBénxøÜnCarbs´rwgCaedIm beJäat

eBlEdlZatukMerIk . BitdUecñaHEmn

nUvCnBal edayqvIvNÑ EdlCaTIKab´citþpg edayRTg´RTay én Gvyv;tUcZM EdlCaTIKab´citþpg edaykarsMEdgnUvéd eCIg Rmam éd nig cieJ©ImCaedIm EdlCaTIKab´citþpg minoeXIj nUvsPaB rbs´xøÜn:n k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHPav;CaZatumanPaBesμIKña edaymha PUt KW yk¡inI eRBaHPav;énZatuCaeRK]gbeJäat RbkarmYy .

EkbTmhabrihareta ‘228’ bTza ²mhabrihareta³ esckþIza eRBaHPav;én ZatuCarbs´EdlbuK<lKb|IEzrkSa edaybc©&yTaMgLayd*eRcIn . EmnBit PUtKWZatuTaMgLayenaHmanehIy KWRbRBwtþeTAehIyeday bc©&yTaMgLaymaneRK]gsIu nig eRK]gesø{kBak´CaedImy¨ageRcIn eRBaHPav;énbc©&yenaH KWbuK<lKb|InaMcUleTA er[gral´ézá> eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt . müa¨geT[t eQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHCaPUtEdlmankiriyaEzrkSad*eRcIn dUecñHk*:nEdr .

EkbTmhavikareta bTza ²mhavikareta³ esckþIza BitEmnehIy PUtKWZatu

GNþatePøIgraldaleLIgGMBIEpndI qabeLIg rhUteTAdl´RBhμelak

nakalelak

EdlmanGNþatqabeqH .

RtUvePøIg

elak Etgvinas edayTwk EdlkMerIkehIy

kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH cRkvaLmYy manmYy Esnekadi rEmgrlay . elak vinas edaykarkMerIkénvaeyaZatu kñúg eBlNa

kñúgeBlenaH

Esnekadi rEmgrlay .

cRkvaLmYy

manmYy

kayRtUvBs´manmat´Cavikar;éneQIcwkehIy rEmgCakayrwgKaMg ßza kayenaH CakayrwgKaMg kñúgmat´énBs´Cavikar;éneQI eRBaHkiriyakMerIk én bfvIZatuhñwgÉg . kay RtUvBs´manmat´sÁúycwkehIy Cakay sÁúy ßza kayenaH CakaysÁúy kñúgmat´énBs´ manmat´sÁúy eRBaHkarkMerIkénGae:ZatuhñwgÉg .

TaMgLaynu@H CamhaPUtEdlmanviJ¦aNRbkan´xøH minmanviJ¦aN

kay RtUvBs´manmat´Cavikar;énePøIgcwkehIy

Rbkan´xøH CamhaPUtmanvikard*eRcIn . kñúgcMeNam 2 y¨agenaH

CakayekþAsBV ßza kayenaH CakayekþAsBV kñúg

sMrab´mhaPUtEdlminmanviJ¦aNRbkan´ PaBénmhaPUtmanvikar; d*ZM rEmgR:kd kñúgeBlEdlkb|vinas sMrab´mhaPUt Edlman

mat´énBs´Cavikar;énePøIg eRBaHeteCaZatukMerIk . kay RtUvBs´manmat´dUcCakaMbit

cwkehIy


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rEmgCakaydac´dacehIy ßza kayenaH Cakaydac´ dac kñúgmat´énBs´manmat´dUcCakaMbit eRBaHkarkMerIk énvaeyaZatuhñwgÉg . PUt KWZatuTaMgLay manvikar;eRcIn y¨agenH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb eQμaHza mhaPUt . BIrbTza ²mhtþa PUttþa c³ esckþIza PUtKWZatuTaMgLay enaH eQμaHza Carbs´ZM eRBaHPav;énPUtTaMgenaH CaPUtKWbuK<lEz rkSa edayesckþIBüayamd*ZM eQμaHza PUt ‘rbs´Bit’ eRBaHPav; eRBaHehtudUecñaH

PUtKWZatuTaMgenaH

eQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHCarbs´ZMpg eRBaHCarbs´Bitpg . ZatuTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

eQμaHza

mhaPUt

Lay manPaBCaZM nig PaBR:kdCaedIm .

smaZinieTÞs

edayRbkardUecñHÉg

.

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayPaB

EdlepSgKña nig PaBEdlRtUvKña dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

EkbTvinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta ‘229’ bTza ²vinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMg enaH ekItRBmKñaEmnBit CaZatuEbkKñamin:n tamcMENk sUm|I kñúgklab‘:c´’mYy> mansuTÆdðklabCaedIm kñúgTIbMputénklab

EkbTmhtþa PUttþa c

énPUtTaMgenaHCarbs´manenA

320

edayehtuTaMg

TaMgBYg . bu¨Enþedaylk¡N; ZatuTaMgenaH EbkKña:n eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEjkKña:n nig PaB EjkKñamin:n dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTsPaKvisPaKeta ‘230’ bTza ²sPaKvisPaKeta³ esckþIza bNþaZatu TaMg 4 enaH sUm|IEdlEjkBIKñamin:n y¨agenH Zatu 2 xag edIm mancMENkesμIKña eRBaHPav;énZatuTaMgenaHmanPaBZán´ç Zatu

EtZatuTaMgGs´enaH

2 xagcug k*y¨agenaHEdrKWmancMENkesμIKña eRBaHmanPaBRsal

eQμaHza Zatu eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´xøÜn 1 eRBaHCaTItaMg

dUcKñaç bu¨EnþZatu 2 xagedIm mancMENkminesμIKñaedayZatu 2

énesckþITuk¡

eRBaHminknøgnUv

xag cug nig Zatu 2 xagcug mancMENkminesμIKña edayZatu 2

lk¡N;énZatu . eQμaHza Zm( eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´

xagedIm eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEdl

xøÜnpg eRBaHRTRTg´tamsmKYrdl´xN;rbs´xøÜnpg . eQμaHza

mancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKña dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

1

eRBaHbgØÚrmknUvesckþITuk¡

1

mineT[g eRBaHesckþIza Gs´eTAç eQμaHza CaTuk¡ eRBaHesckþIza

EkbTGCÄtiþkBahirviesseta

RbkbedayP&y eQμaHza minEmnxøÜn eRBaHesckþIza minmanxøwm

bTza ²GCÄtþikBahirviesseta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMgLay

sar . PaBénZatuTaMgBYg CaZatumanesckþIEtmYy edayGMNac

Caxagkñúg CaTIGaRs&y énviJ¦aNvtæú viJ¦tþi nig «®nÞIy¾TaMgLay

Pav;CarUb CamhaPUt CaZatu CaZm(

Rbkbeday«riyabz mansmudðan 4ç cMENkÉZatuTaMgLayxag

nig

Carbs´mineT[gCaedIm


visuTÆimK< ERb eRkA

321

manRbkarpÞúyepSgKñanwgZatuEdlelakeBalehIy

322

EkbTGsmnñahareta

eRBaH

bTza ²Gsmnñahareta³ esckþIza k*bNþaZatuTaMgbYnnu@H

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEbøkKñaénZatuxag kñúg nig ZatuxageRkA dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTsg<heta ‘231’ bTza ²sg<heta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITuk

smaZinieTÞs

bfvIZatu mindwgza ²GjCabfvIZatu³ dUecñHpg za ²GjCaTIBwg énmhaPUtTaMgbI Cabc©&y‘énmhaPUtTaMgbI’³ dUecñHpgç sUm|Imha PUtTaMgbIeRkAenH k*mindwgza ²bfvIZatu CaTIBwg Cabc©&yéneyIg

kñúgcitþ edaykarse®g<aH y¨agenHza ²bfvIZatu mankmμCasmudðan

TaMgLay³ dUecñHEdrç n&ykñúgZatuTaMgBYg k*dUcn&yenHÉg eRBaH

se®g<aHcUlCamYyKña edayZatuTaMgLayeRkAenH EdlmankmμCa

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEdlmindwgnUvKña

smudðan eRBaHminmanPaBepSg> Kña énsmudðanç bfvIZatu Edl

nwgKña

mancitþCaedImCasmudðan

k*y¨agenaHEdr

KWse®g<aHcUlCamYyKña

edayZatuTaMgLay EdlmancitþCaedImCasmudðan³ .

EkbTbc©yeta bTza ²bc©yeta³ esckþIza bfvIZatu RtUvGae:ZatubMrug Tuk RtUveteCaZatu EzrkSaTuk RtUvvaeyaZatu bk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&y CaTIBwgEpÁk énmhaPUtTaMgLaybIç Gae:Zatu RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk RtUveteCaZatutamrkSaTuk RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&yeRK]gRCabesIménmhaPUtTaMgbIç eteCaZatu RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk RtUvGae:Zatuse®g<aHTuk RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&yeRK]gcMGinTuk énmhaPUtTaMgbIç vaeyaZatu

RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk

RtUvGae:Zatuse®g<aH

RtUveteCaZatucMGinTuk Cabc©&yCaeRK]gbk´pÞb´ énmhaPUtTaMgbIç eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaybc©&y

dUc:nBN(namky¨agenHÉg .

dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTbc©yviPaKeta bTza ²bc©yviPaKeta³ esckþIza k*bc©&y rbs´ZatuTaMg bYn KWkmμ citþ Gahar nig rdUv . bNþaZatuTaMgenaH kmμEtmüa¨g Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdlmankmμCasmudðanç sPav;TaMgLay mancitþCaedIm minEmnCabc©&yeT . sPav;TaMgLay mancitþCa edIm Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdlmancitþCaedImCasmudðanhñwgÉg sPav;eRkABIenH minEmnCabc©&yeT . mYyeT[t kmμ Cabc©&yCaehtuoekIt ‘Cnkbc©&y’ énZatu TaMgLayEdlmankmμCasmudðan

Cabc©&yEdlcUleTAGaRs&y

‘óbnisSybc©&y’ énZatuTaMgLayd*ess edaybriyay . citþ Cabc©&yCaehtuoekIt énZatuTaMgLayEdlmancitþCa smudðan CabcäaCatb|c©&y ‘bc©&yEdlekIteRkay’

CaGtæib|c©&y

‘bc©&yEdlman’ nigCaGviKtb|c©&y‘bc©&yEdlmineTAR:sBIKña’ énZatuTaMgLayd*ess .


visuTÆimK< ERb

323

Gahar CaCnkb|c©&y ‘bc©&yCaehtuoekIt’ énZatuTaMg

324

smaZinieTÞs

nisSyb|c©&y

Gtæib|c©&y

nig

GviKtb|c©&ypg

edayGMNac

LayEdlmanGaharCasmudðanç CaGaharb|c©&y ‘bc©&yCaeRK]g

énTItaMgpgç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Ca

naMmknUvpl’ CaGtæib|c©&y nig CaGviKtb|c©&y énZatuTaMgLay

bc©&yénmhaPUtEdlmansnþtibI eRkAenH ‘KWmhaPUtEdlmancitþ

d*ess .

Gahar nig rdUvCasmudðan’ edayGMNacénnisSyb|c©&y Gtæi-

rdUv smudðanç

CaótuCnkb|c©&y CaGtæib|c©&y

nig

énZatuTaMgLay CaGviKtb|c©&y

EdlmanrdUvCa énZatuTaMgLay

b|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&yç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénTItaMg minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

d*ess . mhaPUt

mYyeT[t EdlmankmμCasmudðan

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMg

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

Gae:Zatu Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLaybI eRkABIenH edayGMNacén

Lay EdlmankmμCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay Edl

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg

edayGMNacénkiriyasÞHTukpgç min

mancitþCaedImCasmudðanpgç

EmnCabc©&yedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Cabc©&yedayGMNac

mYyeT[t mhaPUtEdlmancitþCasmudðan Cabc©&yénmha

énnisSyb|c©&y Gtæib|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&y énmhaPUtEdl

PUtTaMgLay EdlmancitþCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay

mansnþtibIeRkAenHdUcKñaç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénkarsÞH

EdlmankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg .

Tuk minEmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

mhaPUt

EdlmanGaharCasmudðan

Cabc©&yénmhaPUt

mYyeT[t

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

TaMgLay EdlmanGaharCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay

eteCaZatu Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLaybI eRkABIenH edayGMNacén

EdlmankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg .

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg edayGMNacénkiriyaGb´kMedApgç min

mhaPUt Lay

EdlmanrdUvCasmudðan

EdlmanrdUvCasmudðanpg

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMg

Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdl

EdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

bfvIZatu

EdlmankmμCasmudðan Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayeRkAenH Edlman kmμCasmudðan

EdlmansnþtibIeRkAenH nig

mankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg . bNþamhaPUt

EmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Cabc©&y énmhaPUtTaMgLay

edayGMNac énshCatb|c©&y GJ¦mJ¦b|c©&y

GviKtb|c©&ydUcKñaç

edayGMNacnisSyb|c©&y minEmnCabc©&y

Gtæib|c©&y

edayGMNacénkiriya

Gb´kMedA minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT . mYyeT[t

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

vaeyaZatu Cabc©&y énZatuTaMgLaybIeRkABIenH edayGMNac én


visuTÆimK< ERb

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326

smaZinieTÞs

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg edayGMNacénkiriyae:kbk´pgç min

ZatuTIbI GaRs&ynUvZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbYnç ZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbI

EmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç

GaRs&ynUvZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbYnç ÉZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbYn

Edlmansnþti

3

eRkAGMBIenH

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMgLay edayGMNacénnisSyb|c©&yç

Gtæib|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&ydUcKñaç minEmnedayGMNacénkiriya e:kbk´ minEmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

nig rdUv CasmudðanCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

dUceBalmkenH

ZatuTaMgLay

bI GaRs&ynUvZatumYy rEmgERbRbYledaycMENkbYnç ÉZatumYy rEmgERbRbYl

bfvIZatuenaHÉg KWGae:ZatuRCYtRCabeTAehIy Cabc©&yénkiriya júaMgkayotaMgenAç ÉGae:ZatuKWbfvIZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y

k*É bNþaZatuTaMgLayenaH EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNac

GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLaybI

bNþaZatuTaMgenaH bfvIZatu Cabc©&yénkareb[teb[n kñúg kalénkic©mankarQaneTAmux nig karQanzyeRkayCaedIm .

n&y sUm|IkñúgmhaPUt manbfvIZatu Edlmancitþ Gahar

bc©&ymanshCatb|c©&yCaedIm

GaRs&yZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbI³ rEmg:neTACacMENkR:MmYy .

edaycMENkbYnEdrç

énkarminx©at´x©ayç vaeyaZatu KWvaeyaZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y énkarlan´»eLIgç vaeyaZatu KWeteCaZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y énkarQanknøg nig karQanzyeRkay y¨agdUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarEjkbc©&y y¨agenHÉg .

‘ZatuvvdðaneZVIosMercóbcarsmaZi’

ZatuTaMgLayBIr GaRs&ynUvZatuBIr rEmg:neTACaR:MmYy . EmnBit bNþaZatuTaMgLay manbfvIZatuCaedIm ZatuTaMg

EmnBit kalRBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénehtu

Lay 3 GaRs&ynUvZatu 1 y¨agenH KW; ²ZatuTaMgLaybI> eRkA

manesckþIénBaküCaedIm y¨agdUecñHç ZatuTaMgLay rEmgR:kd

enH GaRs&yehIynUvZatumYy>³ rEmgERbRbYledaycMENk 4 .

tammuxmYy> . kalRBHeyaKI nwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMg

y¨agdUcKñaenaHEdr

Zatu

enaH er]y>ç óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdlelak

mYy GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLaybI y¨agenHKW ²ZatumYy GaRs&ynUv

eBalehIyenaHÉg . óbcarsmaZienHenaH rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za

ZatuTaMgLaybIeRkAenH³ rEmgERbRbYledaycMENk 4 . bu¨Enþ

²ctuZatuvvdðan³

ZatuTaMgLayBIr GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIr y¨agenHKW ²ZatuTaMg

énjaNEdlRBHeyaKIkMNt´nUvZatuTaMg 4 .

bNþaZatuTaMgLaymanbfvIZatuCaedIm

nig

GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIrxagcugç

ZatuTIbYn GaRs&ynUvZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbIç

ZatuTIBIr

ZatuTImYy nig

eRBaHkarekIteLIg

edayGanuPaB

‘GanisgSénZatuvvdðan’

LayBIrxagcug GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIrxagedIm nig ZatuTaMg LayBIrxagedIm

dUecñHEmnBit

cMENkÉ Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvctuZatuvvdðanenH Kg´cUl dl´suJ¦ta

‘PaBsUnücakxøÜnR:N’ rEmgdkecjnUvstþsJ¦a


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smaZinieTÞs

‘karsm<al´zaCastVCabuK<l’ :n . Pikú¡enaH eRBaHxøÜndkeLIg

TaMg

10

stþsJ¦a:nehIy mindl´nUvkarrnÆt´eRBaHP&y manP&yGMBIRmwK

óbcarsmaZiç

sahav yk¡ nig GarkSTwkCaedIm CaGñkGt´sg,t´:nnUvP&yd*

TaMgLay eQμaHza Gb|nasmaZi . smaZi TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

Bnøwk CaGñkGt´sg,t´kúñgesamnsS nig eTamnsS:n mindl´nUv

eQμaHza CaZm(KWRBHeyaKI:ncMerInehIy eRBaHkmμdðanTaMgenaH KW

kars\b´s\l´ nig karTg<wHcitþ kñúg«dðarmμN¾ nig GnidðarmμN¾TaMg

elak:ncMerInehIy . eRBaHehtudUecñaH x\MúeBalehIyza ²kar

Lay . mYyeT[t Pikú¡enaH CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn CaGñkmanRBH

BN(nanUvesckþI énbTenH za smaZi etIRtUvcMerIn y¨agdUcemþc/

niBVaneQμaHGmt;CaTIbMput ß ebImindUecñaHeT CaGñkmansuKtiCaTI

cb´sBVRKb´ehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg³ dUecñHÉg .

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmux edayRbkardUecñH .

GñkmanR:C\a Kb|IesBKb´ oCab´Canic© nUvZatuvvdðan enH EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH EdlRBHeyaKId* RbesIr dUcCasIh; Zøab´Rbsb´mkehIy . enHKWCaPavnanieTÞs énctuZatuvvdðan .

srubsmaZinieTÞs ‘233’ cMENkÉ bJØakmμÉNa Edlx\MúeZVIehIyedayn&y mann&yCaedImza ²GVI eQμaHza smaZi /

EdleQμaHza smaZi

edayGtæzadUcemþc/ ³ dUecñH edIm|IsMEdgesckþIBisþar nign&yén karcMerInsmaZiç kñúgbJØakmμenaH GdðkzaCaeRK]gBN(nanUvesckþI

nig

kñúgcitþEdlCacMENkxagedIménGb|na PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

eQμaHza

kñúgkmμdðand*ess

‘GanisgSénkarcMerInsmaZi’ k*BaküÉNaEdlx\úMeBalehIy za ²GVICaGanisgS énkar

cMerInsmaZi/³ dUecñHç kñúgBaküenaH manesckþIeqøIyza GanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi man 5 Rbkar mankarrs´enACasux kñúgbc©úb|nñ CaedIm .

‘mankarenACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñCaGanisgS’ BitdUecñaHEmn Pikú¡TaMgLayNa CaRBHGrhnþ manGasv; Gs´ehIy cMerInnUvsmaZi edaytaMgcitþza ²eyIgnwgcUlsmabtþi mancitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy nwgenACasuxRsYl Gs´mYyézá³ dUecñH karcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡CaRBHGrhnþTaMgenaH eQμaHza

énbTenHza ² etIsmaZi Kb|IcMerIn y¨agdUcemþc/ ³ dUecñH :ncb´

mankarrs´enACasuxRsYl kñúgbc©úb|nñ CaGanisgS . eRBaHehtu

ehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHÉg .

enaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalcunÞ; EttzaKt min

smaZienHenaH man 2 y¨agbu¨eNÑaH Edl:nGZib|ay ehIy kúñgTIenH KW; óbcarsmaZi 1 Gb|nasmaZi 1 . bNþa smaZi TaMg 2 y¨agenaH PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy kñúgkmμdðan

Tan´oeQμaHZm(TaMgnu@Hza CaesckþIpUrpg´ kñúgGriyvin&yeT RKan´ EtoeQμaHZm(TaMgnu@Hza

CakarenAsb|aykñúgbc©úb|nñ

vin&yEtbu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgGriy-


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‘manvibsSna CaGanisgS’

330

smaZinieTÞs

edayR:C\a ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘manPBviessCaGanisgS’

TaMgkarcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi TaMgkarcMerInnUvóbcarsmaZi edayn&yénkar:nnUvOkaskñúgTIcegÁ{t rbs´RBHesk¡;nigbuzuC¢n

Pikú¡ CabuzuC¢nTaMgLayNa> manQanminsabsUnüehIy

TaMgLayGñkcMerIn edaymanbMNgza ²eyIgTaMgLay ecjGMBI

kalR:zña nUvkiriyaekItkñúgRBhμelakza ²eyIgnwgekIt kñúgRBhμ

smabtþiehIynwgeZVIvibsSna edaymancitþEdltMkl´enAmaM³ dUecñH

elak³

eQμaHza manvibsSnaCaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaHCabTdðan én

karcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡CabuzuC¢nTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza

vibsSna . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

manPBviessCaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaH CaKuNnaMmknUvPBd*

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay GñkTaMgLay cUrcMerInnUvsmaZiç mñalPikú¡TaMg

viess . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²cuH

Lay Pikú¡ mancitþtMkl´maMehIy rEmgdwgc|as´ tamesckþI ‘1’

buK<lTaMgLay cMerInbfmCÄan y¨agOnzy etIekItkñúgPBNaç

Bit³ dUecñHCaedIm .

rEmgeTAekItCamYynwgBYkeTvta Can´RBhμ:risC¢a ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCa

‘manGPiJ¦aCaGanisgS’

dUecñHkþI

kalminR:zñakþI

rEmgminsabsUnücaksmaZiç

edIm . cMENkkarcMerInGb|nasmaZi rEmgnaMmknUvPBd*viess

cMENk Pikú¡TaMgLayNa júaMgsmabtþi 8 oekItehIy cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjBIsmabtþiehIyR:zñaeZVIGPiJ¦a TaMgLay Edlmann&ydUcelakeBalehIyza ²mnusSmñak´eZVI o

KWsuKti Can´kamavcr 6 Can´ dUcKñaEdr .

‘mannieraZCaGanisgS’ cMENkÉRBHGriyTaMgLayNa júaMgsmabtþiTaMgLay 8

eTACamnusSeRcInnak´k*:n ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm oekIteLIg:n .

oekIteLIg ehIycUlnieraZsmabtþi cMerInsmaZi edayKit za

karcMerInGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH eQμaHzamanGPiJ¦a

²eyIgTaMgLay CaGñkminmancitþ dl´nUvnieraZniBVan enACasux

CaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaH kalebIehtu ‘Edlnwgo:n nUv

kñúgbc©úb|nñ Gs´ézáTaMgLay 7 ³ dUecñHç

GPiJ¦a’ manRBm CabTdðanénGPiJ¦a:n .

RBH

rbs´RBHGriy;TaMgLayenaH eQμaHza mannieraZ CaGanisgS .

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mYyeT[t Pikú¡enaH begÁancitþeTA edIm|I

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²R:C\a kñúgkar

Zm(EdlRtUveZIVoCak´c|as´

cMerIny¨agsÞat´ edayjaNcriya 16 nig edaysmaZicriya 9

rEmgdl´ nUvPaBKYrCabnÞal´

eRBaHehtuenaH

edayR:C\aNa>ç

kalebIehtumanç

kñúgZm(enaH> eRBaHeZVIoCak´c|as´

1- suÇ sMÇ xÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&rTI33 . 2- GMÇ qÇ PaKTI 46 TMB&rTI 3 .

karcMerInGb|nasmaZi

eQμaHza jaN kñúgnieraZsmabtþi³ dUecñHCaedIm . 1– suÇ GMÇ tiÇ PaKTI41 TMB&rTI 379 . 2- GPiÇ PaKTI82 TMB&rTI 333 .


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enHCaGanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi 5 Rbkar mankiriyaenA CasuxRsYl kñúgbc©úb|nñCaedIm dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

eRBaHehtudUecñH bNÐitminKYrRbmaT kñúgkarRbkbnUv karcMerInsmaZi EdlmanGanisgSeRcInCaGenk Ca eRK]gCRmHnUvmnÞil KWkielseLIy . k*smaZi kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHman RBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy edayZm(CaRbZan KW sIl smaZi nig bJ¦a

edayRBHKazaenH

dUecñHCaedIm

za

²sIel

KWx\úM:nGZib|aycb´ehIy

btidðay

nera

sbeJ¦a³

332

smaZinieTÞs nieTÞs TI 7 eQμaH qanusStinieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 8 eQμaH essanusStinieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 9 eQμaH RBhμviharnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 10

eQμaH Garub|nieTÞsç

nieTÞs 2 KW bdikUlsJ¦a nig Zatuvvdðan CanieTÞs TI 11 . x

x

x

edayesckþImanRbmaN 

bu¨eNÑHÉg . briecäT TI11 eQμaHsmaZinieTÞs kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCn orIkrayTYeTA cb´CasMercehIy edayGm|a¨lenHÉgehag . x

x

x

‘bTsrubnieTÞsEdl:neBalmkehIy’ nieTÞs TI 1 eQμaH sIlnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 2 eQμaH Zutg<nieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 3 eQμaH kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 4 eQμaH bfvIksiNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 5 eQμaH essk,siNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 6 eQμaH GsuPnieTÞsç

         


visuTÆimK< ERb

333

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

334

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

citþtMkl´enAmaM brisuTÆ pUrpg´ minmanTITYlKWkiels R:scak

‘234’ «LÚvenH karcMerInsmaZienH KWx\úM:neBalehIyza

óbk,iels Cacitþd*Tn´Pøn´ smKYrdl´kargar fitenA dl´nUvPaB

²manGPiJ¦aCaGanisgS³ edayGMNacénelakiyGPiJ¦aTaMgLay

minrMeCIbrMCYy y¨agdUecñHehIyç rEmgnaMcitþcUleTA begÁancitþcUl

ÉNaç RBHeyaKIGñk:nsMercctutæCÄan kñúgksiNTaMgLayman

eTA

bfvIksiNCaedImehIy Kb|IeZVIesckþIBüayam edIm|IjúaMgGPiJ¦a

eRcInRbkar KWmnusSmñak´ oeTACaeRcInnak´k*:n ‘1’ ³dUecñHCaedIm

TaMgLayenaH odl´RBmç eRBaHza kalebIeZVI:n y¨agdUecñaHç karcMerInnUvsmaZienaH

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

nwgCasmaZiEdlman

GanisgS KWxøÜn:nehIypg nwgCasmaZi d*x¢ab´x¢ÜnCagpgç RBH eyaKIenaH CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy edaysmaZiPavna d*x¢ab´x¢ÜnCag EdlmanGanisgS KWxøÜn:nsMercehIy nwgjúaMgkarcMerInnUvbJ¦a odl´RBm

edayRsYlEmnBit

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

eyIgTaMgLay nwgR:rBÆ nUvGPiJ¦akza Camun . ‘elakiyGPiJ¦a 5’ k*elakiyGPiJ¦aTaMgLay 5 KW ; 1- «TÆiviZ

sMEdgb\TÆiepSg> :nç

2- TiBVesatZatujaN

R:C\aGacsþab´dwg:n nUvsMeLg

rbs´mnusS nig eTvta edayesatZatuEdlCaTiBVç 3- ecetabriyJ¦aN R:C\aGackMNt´dwgTwkcitþGñkdéT:nç 4- bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN

R:C\aGacrB\kCatimun:nç

5- stþanM cutUb:tJ¦aN R:C\aGacdwg:n nUvkarcuti nig bdisnÆi rbs´stVTaMgLay KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²Pikú¡enaH kalebI

tamEbbénb\TiÆç

RBHeyaKIenaH

:nnUvkartak´Etgb\TÆi:nCa

edIm|IRTg´sMEdg nUvGanisgSénkarcMerInsmaZipg edIm|IRTg´sMEdg nUvZm(d*RbNIt elIslb´éRkElgpg dl´BYkkulbuRtTaMgLay Edl:nsMercsmaZi kñúgctutæCÄanehIy .

‘viZIGb´rMcitþ’ bNþaelakiyGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaH RBHeyaKI GñkeZVICadMbUg manbMNgedIm|IeZVInUvkareZVInUvb\TÆiepSg> manCaedImza ²mnusSEt mñak´Ég eZVIoeTACamnusSeRcInnak´:n³ dUecñH Kb|IjúaMgsmabtþi TaMgLay 8 > kñúgksiNTaMgLay 8

manOTatk,siN CaTIbM

put oekIteLIg ehIyGb´rMcitþ edayGakar;TaMgLay 14 enH KW

ksiNanuelameta

edaykarcUlkan´QanbeNþayeTA

tamlMdab´énksiNç

ksiNb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´QansaRcas

eLIgmkvij tamlMdab´énksiNç

ksiNanuelamb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´Q an

beNþayeTAtamlMdab´énksiN nig cUlkan´QansaRcaseLIg mkvij tamlMdab´énksiNç 1- suÇ TIÇ sIÇ

PaKTI 15

TMB&rTI 203 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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335

edaykarcUlkan´Qan beNþayeTA

336

smaZinieTÞs cMENkkarcUl tamlMdab´énkarRcas dUcKñaenaHEdr cab´

epþImGMBIOTatk,siNmk eQμaHza karcUlbRJ©asksiN .

tamlMdab´énQanç

Qanb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´QanRcasmkvijç

Qananu e lamb|di e lameta

edaykarcU l kan´ Q an

‘karcUledayGnuelamnigbdielaménksiN’ karcUlQaner]y> edayGMNacGnuelam nig bdielam y¨agenH KW ; cab´epþImGMBIbfvIksiNmk rhUtdl´OTatk,siN

beNþayeTAtamlMdab´énQan ehIysaRcaseLIgmkvijç

Qananuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgQanç

cab´epþImGMBIOTatk,siN rhUtdl´bfvIksiN eQμaHza karcUl

ksiNuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgksiNç

edayGnuelam nig bdielam tamlMdab´énksiN .

Qank,siNuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgTaMgQan

TaMgksiNç

Gg<sg,nþieta

edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg<ç

GarmμNsg,nþieta

edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ç

énQan .

edaykarkMNt´nUvGg<ç

²k*kñúgGakar;TaMgnu@H

dUcemþc / .l.

karGnuelamtamksiN

etI

karkMNt´nUvGarmμN¾ etIy¨agdUcemþc / ³ .

‘cUltamlMdab´ksiN’ eqøIyza ; Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cUlQanGs´var; 100dg xøH Gs´var; 1ç000dgxøH kñúgksiNTaMgLay 8 edaylMdab´ y¨agenHKW ²cUlQankñúgbfvIksiN bnÞab´mk kñúgGae:ksiN³ dUecñHç karcUlQanenH eQμaHza GnuelamtamksiN .

‘cUlbRJ©asksiN’

‘karcUlRcasQan’ karcUlQaner]y>

cab´epþImGMBIenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

rhUtdl´bfmCÄan eQμaHza karcUlRcasQan .

GarmμNvvdðabneta edaykarkMNt´GarmμN¾ . sYrza

karcUlQaner]y> tamlMdab´ cab´epþImtaMgBIbfmCÄan mkrhUtdl´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; eQμaHza karcUltamlMdab´

Gg<armμNsg,nþieta edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgGg< nigGarmμN¾ç Gg<vvdðabneta

‘karcUltamlMdab´énQan’

‘karcUlQanTaMgtamlMdab´TaMgbRJ©as’ karcUlQaner]y> edayGMNackarcUltamlMdab´ nig bRJ©as y¨agenH KW; cab´epþImGMBIbfmCÄan rhUtdl´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan nig

cab´epþImGMBIenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan

eQμaHza karcUlQan tamlMdab´ nig bRJ©as .

‘karcUlepøaHrMlgQan’ ÉkarminrMlgnUvksiN EtrMlgnUvQan edayPaBRbkb edaycenøaHEtmYy y¨agdUecñH KW ; cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ehIycUlnUvttiyCÄan kñúgbfvIksiNenaHEdr bnÞab´mk ebIknUv

karcUlkan´QanEtmYy kñúgksiNTaMgGs´ y¨agenH KW

bfvIksiNenaHvij ehIycUlGakasanJ©aytnCÄan bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN rYccUlbfmCÄanenaHEdr

cUlGakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan dUecñH eQμaHza cUlrMlgnUvQan .

kñúgGae:ksiN .l. cUlbfmCÄanenaHvij kñúgOTatksiN

RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIkarRbkb EdlmanmUlénksiN man

dUecñH eQμaHza cUlRbRBwtþknøgnUvGarmμN¾ .

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgTaMgGg<TaMgGarmμN¾’

Gae:ksiNCaedIm y¨agdUecñH .

‘karcUlrMlgnUvksiN’

kiriyaknøgnUvGg<TaMgLay nig GarmμN¾TaMgLay eday

edayPaBRbkbeday

GMNacénPaBRbkb edaycenøaHEtmYy y¨agdUecñH KW RBHeyaKI

cenøaHEtmYy edayn&yenHza ²RBHeyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvI-

cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIycUlTutiyCÄan kñúgGae:-

ksiN ehIycUlbfmCÄanenaHmþgeT[t kñúgeteCaksiN tmk

ksiN cUlkan´ttiyCÄan kñúgeteCaksiN ehIycUlctutæCÄan

kñúgnIlksiN bnþmkeT[t kñúgelahitksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza

kñúgvaeyaksiN ebIkeLIgnUvnIlksiN ehIycUlkan´Gakasa-

karcUlrMlgksiN .

nJ©aytnCÄan

karminrMlgQan

EtrMlgksiN

‘karcUlrMlgTaMgQanTaMgksiN’ eyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIy bnÞab´mk cUlnUv kñúgeteCaksiN

ehIyebIknUvnIlksiN

GMBIbItksiN

cUl

kan´GakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan GMBIelakhitksiN cUlkan´envsJ¦a

karrMlgnUvQanpg nUvksiNpg edayn&yenHza ²RBH

ttiyCÄan

cUlviJ¦aNJ©aytnCÄan

nasJ¦aytnCÄan GMBIOTatksiN dUecñH eQμaHza karRbRBwtþi knøgTaMgGg<TaMgGarmμN¾ .

‘karkMNt´Gg<Qan’

cUlnUv GMBI

ÉkarkMNt´RtwmEtGg<Qanbu¨eNÑaH y¨agenH KW; RBHeyaKI

elahitksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza cUlrMlgTaMgQanTaMgksiN .

kMNt´za bfmCÄan manGg< 5 ehIykMNt´za TutiyCÄan man

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg<’

Gg< 3 kMNt´za ttiyCÄan manGg< 2 ehIykMNt´za ctutæ-

GakasanJ©aytnCÄan

ehIycUlnUvGakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan

cMENkkarcUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIycUlQan TaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH kñúgbfvIksiNenaHdUcKñaEdr eQμaHza kar

CÄan GakasanJ©aytnCÄan .l. envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan k*manGg< 2 dUcKñaEdr dUecñH eQμaHza kMNt´nUvGg< .

‘karkMNt´GarmμN¾’

RbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< .

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾’

mYyeT[t

karkMNt´RtwmEtGarmμN¾bu¨eNÑaH y¨agdUecñH

KW


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

RBHeyaKI kMNt´za ²enH CabfvIksiN³ ehIykMNt´za ²enHCa

:nsMercGb|naehIy

Gae:ksiN³ .l. za ²enH CaOTatksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza

kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IGb´rMcitþ edayGakar;

karkMNt´nUvGarmμN¾ .

14 y¨ag:n’ . ZmμtakardMENgnUvb\TÆiepSg> KWCaPar; rbs´RBH

ÉGacarüBYkmYy cg´:nnUvkarkMNt´nUvGg< nig GarmμN¾ .

eyaKavcr

.

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI

Edl:nTUnμancitþ

edayGakar;

14

mYyBan´kþI

y¨ag

eRsc

bu¨EnþeRBaHkarkMNt´nUvGg<nigGarmμN¾enaH minmkehIy kñúgGdðkza

ehIy . bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUb

TaMgLay eTIbkarkMNt´Gg< nig GarmμN¾enaH minEmnCaRbZan

bu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IdMENgb\TÆiepSg>:n’ . eQμaHza Pav;

énkarcMerIn edayBit .

énkarcUlkan´Qan :ny¨agqab´rh&s KWCaPar;énRBHeyaKavcr

‘kareZVIb\TiÆ CaPar;Zán´’

Edl:nsMerc nUvkardMENgb\TÆi .

BaküEdlza RBHeyaKavcrEdlCaGaTikmμik; min:nGb´rMcitþ edayGakar 14 y¨agenH dUc:neBalmkenH min:ncMerInPavna kñúgkalmunmk nwgjúaMgkareZVIb\TÆiepSg> osMerc:n enH minEmn CaehtuCaTItaMgeT .

eRBaHza karbrikmμksiNhñwgÉg KWCaPar;

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYy

Ban´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eQμaHza CaGñkcUlQan:n y¨agqab´rh&s . esckþIza kulbuRtmYyrUbenaH eRb[bdUcCaRBHrki¡tetær Gñk manvsSa

8

rab´BIóbsm|Tamk

kñúgbNþaPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

man

Zán´ rbs´RBHeyaKavcr EdlCaGaTikmμik; . bNþakulbuRtmYy

cMnYn 30ç000 rUb Edlnimnþmkkan´Kilanubdðan rbs´RBHezr;

rykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyKt´ eTIbGac ‘edIm|Ibrikmμ:n’ .

eQμaHmhaerahNKutþetær kñúgvtþeQμaHezrmÖtæl; y¨agenaHÉg .

kareZVI ‘bdiPaK’ nimitþoekIteLIg CaPar;Zán´ rbs´RBHeyaKavcr

GanuPaB rbs´elak RtUvGdðkzacarüeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiN-

Edl:neZIVksiNbrikmμehIy .

nieTÞsÉeNaH . k*RBHezr; eXIjGanuPaBenaH rbs´RBHrki¡tetær

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYy

Ban´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IeZVInimitþoekIt

enaHehIyeBalza

eLIg:n’ .

kalebInimitþ ekIteLIgehIyç karjúaMgnimitþenaH o

manehIyç eyIgTaMgGs´Kña Kb|ICaGñkdl´nUvkartiHed[l za ²Pikú¡

cMerIneLIg rhUt:nsMercdl´Gb|na KWCaPar; ‘rbs´RBHeyaKa-

TaMgLay min:nGacehIy edIm|InwgrkSanUvnaKraC³ dUecñHç eRBaH

vcr’

kulbuRtEtmYyrUb

ehtuenaH eQμaHzaGavuZ KWGñkKb|Ikan´ykedayxøÜnÉg ehIyRtac´

karGb´rMcitþRKb´

eTAç karEdlGñkCMrHERcHoGs´sinehIy kan´ykeTA eTIbKYr³ .

.

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI

mYyBan´kþI

bu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IsMercdl´Gb|na’ . RKan´ edayGakar; 14 y¨ag

KWCaPar; rbs´RBHeyaKavcr Edl

²mñalGavuesa

Pikú¡ 30ç000 rUbenaH

RbsinebIRBHrki¡tetær

fitenAkñúgOvaT rbs´RBHezr;ehIy

nwgmin

k*:n


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

CaGñkmankiriyacUlQan:nqab´rYsran´ . k*sUm|IkalebImankar

R:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvPaCn¾oEbøk eZVInUvdIsÁit oCadIKWxøÜnbMb¨nlÁehIy

cUlQan:nqab´rh&sç PaBCaTIBwg énbuK<ldéT KWCaPar; .

oTn´Bit ehIyeTIbeZVI dUecñaHÉg . EtRBHeyaKIGñkbribUreday

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYybu¨eNÑaH eTIb

ehtuxagedIm

Gac ‘edIm|ICaTIBwgénGñkdéT:n’ . kulbuRtrUbenaH bIdUcCaRBH

RtwmEtctutæCÄan kñúgksiNTaMgLay k*KYredIm|IeZVI:n .

ezr; Gñk-kalebIePø{gCavikar;énregIkePøIgKWmaroRbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúgTIbUCaeQμaHKiriPNÐvahn; sagnUvEpndI BÆd*GakasehIy kar BarePø{gCavikar;énregIkePøIg:ny¨agenaHÉg . EtsMrab´buK<lviessTaMgLay GñkEdlmanesckþIBüayam CaeRK]gRbkbkñúgxagedIm d*mankmøaMg manRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig RBHGK<sav&kCaedIm Etev[rcakPavnanuRkm KWkarGb´rMcitþtam lMdab´

manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIyenH

kardMENgnUvb\TÆienH

pg KuNTaMgLaydéT manbdismÖiTaCaedImpg rEmgsMerc:n edayGMNacénkiriya:ncMeBaHnUvRBHGrhtþEmnBit . eRBaHehtu dUecñaH RBHeyaKavcrEdlCaGaTikmμik; Kb|ITUnμancitþo:neRsc edayGakar;

14

y¨agenHehIy

edayGMNacénkarcUl

‘Qan’

eZVIcitþoTn´

oKYrdl´kargar

eZVIq&nÞ;oCaRbZan

eZVIcitþoCa

RbZan eZVIviriy;oCaRbZan nig eZVIvimMsaoCaRbZanpg eday

sUm|ImankarsÞat´CMnajRbRBwtþeTAehIy

kñúgKuN

‘viZIeZVIesckþIBüayam’ ‘235’ k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb kñúg kareZVI«TÆiviZ; osMercnu@H edayviZINaç RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´ sMEdgnUvviZIenaH

²esa ÉvM smahiet cietþ

eTIbRTg´Rtas´za

RBHeyaKIenaH kalebIcitþtaMgenAs)b´ehIy³ dUecñHCaedIm . enHKWCaBaküvinicä&y

tamlMGanénn&y:lI kñúg«TÆiviZJ¦aN

enaHhñwgÉg . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²esa³ :ndl´RBHeyaKI Gñk:nsMercctutæCÄanehIyenaH .

Baküza ²ÉvM³ enH CaBakü

sMEdgecjnUvlMdab´énctutæCÄan . manBaküGZib|ayza; :n cMeBaHnUvctutæCÄan

tamlMdab´énkar:nsMerc

cab´edImtaMgGMBI

kar:nnUvbfmCÄanmkenH . bTza ²smahiet³ KWtaMgenAs)b´ ehIy

edayctutæCÄansmaZienH

.

bTza

²cietþ³ sMedAyk

rU:vcrcitþ .

ehIyKb|IeZVI

cMENkkñúgbTTaMgLayd*ess manbTza ²brisueTƳ dUecñH

esckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb edIm|I«TÆiviZJ¦aNcuH eRb[bbIdUcCa

CaedIm manvinicä&ydUcteTAenH . ‘citþ’ eQμaHza brisuTÆehIy

CagmasGñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUveRK]gRbdab´oEbøk eZVImasoTn´ o

eRBaHPav;KWesckþIbrisuTiÆénsti edayGMNacénóebk¡a . k*eRBaH

KYrdl´kargarBit edayviZITaMgLay mankarpøMúePIøgCaedIm ehIy

citþbrisuTÆhñwgÉg eTIbeQμaHza pUrpg´ GZib|ayza CaEdnpSay

eTIbeZVI y¨agdUecñaHÉgç mYyeT[t eRb[bbIdUcCanaysμÚnqñaMg Gñk

ecjénrsμI .

GMNac

‘eZVIo’

CavsI

manGavC¢nvsICaedImpg

eQμaHza

minmanTITYl KWkiels eRBaHPav;énTI


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TYlKWkiels manraK;CaedIm bnSat´bg´ehIy edaykiriyasmøab´

mansTÆaCaedIm hYgEhgrkSaehIy . EmnBit citþEdlsTÆarkSa

nUvbc©&yTaMgLaymansuxCaedIm . eQμaHza manóbki,els eTA

ehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBminmansTÆaç citþ Edlviriy;

R:sehIy eRBaHPav;énTITYlKWkielsminmanhñwgÉg . EmnBit

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBx¢ilRcGUsç citþEdlsti

citþ rEmgesAhμg edayTITYlKWkiels . eQμaHza CacitþTn´

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþIRbmaTç citþEdlsmaZi

eRBaHPav;Cacitþ EdlRBHeyaKI:nGb´rMlÁehIy GZib|ayza Ca

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&redayesckþIraymayç citþEdlbJ¦a

citþdl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnaj . eRBaHcitþRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGMNac

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayGviC¢aç citþEdldl´ehIy nUv

eTIbehAza citþTn´ . eRBaHPav;éncitþTn´hñwgÉg eTIbeQμaHza KYr

BnøÅ rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBggwtKWkiels . citþEdlZm(TaMg

dl´kargar GZib|ayza

.

6 enH rkSaehIy Cacitþdl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r . citþEdldl´

BitEmn citþTn´ CacitþKYrdl´kargar eRb[bbIdUcCamas EdlCag

RBmehIyedayGg< 8 dUceBalmkenH eTIbCacitþKYrdl´GPinIhar

BRgab:nlÁehIy y¨agenaHÉg . k*citþTn´ nig citþKYrdl´kargar

edIm|IkiriyaeZVIoCak´c|as´ edaykarRtas´dwgd*éRkElg nUvZm(TaMg

TaMgBIrenaHÉg ekItman k*eRBaHPav;éncitþEdlRBHeyaKI Gb´rMlÁ

Lay EdlbuK<lKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*éRkElg .

Gt´Zn´dl´kargar

Rbkbkñúgkargar

ehIyhñwgÉg . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡

Kb|IRCabn&ymYyeT[t . eQμaHza fitenAs)b´ehIy eRBaH

TaMgLay tzaKt rMBwgrkmineXIjnUvsPav;déT sUm|IIEtsPav;

smaZikñúgctutæCÄanç eQμaHza brisuTÆ eRBaHCacitþfitenAqáayGMBI

mYy

CasPav;Tn´pg

nIvrN;ç eQμaHza pUrpg´ eRBaHRbRBwtþknøgnUvGg<manvitk,;CaedImç

KYrdl´kargarpg dUcCacitþenHesaHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eQμaHza minmanTITYl eRBaHminmanZm(EdlqøgcuHkñúgesckþIR:zña

eRBaHPav;éncitþfitenAehIy

manPaBd*brisuTÆ

TaMgLayd*lamk EdlCasRtUvdl´kar:ncMeBaHnUvQan eQμaH

CaedImenaH eTIbeQμaHza fitenAehIy . eRBaHcitþfitenAhñwgÉg

za manóbk,ielseTAR:sehIy eRBaHkiriyaeTAR:s énesckþI

eTIbeQμaHza dl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r GZib|ayza mineXøgeXøag

esAhμgéncitþ manGPiCÄaCaedIm . k*bNÐit Kb|IRCabBaküTaMgBIr

minrMeCIbrMCYy . mYyeT[t eQμaHza fitenAehIy eRBaHfitenAkñúg

y¨agenH tamlMGanénn&y kñúgGg<NsURt nig vtæsURt . eQμaH

GMNacrbs´xøÜn edayPaBéncitþTn´ nig citþKYrdl´kargar eQμaH

za CacitþTn´ eRBaHdl´nUvkarsÞat´ç eQμaHza CacitþKYrdl´kargar

za

eRBaHcUleTAdl´PaBCa«TÆi:Tç eQμaHza fitenAehIy eRBaHcUl

EdlbuK<lcMerInehIy

eZVIoeRcInehIy

kñúgKuNTaMgLay

dl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r eRBaHPav;éncitþRtUvKuNCatiTaMgLay

1- suÇ GMÇ ÉÇ

PaKTI 40 TMB&rTI 18 .

eTAdl´PaBRbNIt edayPaBeBjeljénPavna eQμaHza dl´


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

nUvPaBminjab´j&r . GZib|ayza citþ CaZmμCatdl´nUvPaBmin

:nCaesþccRkBtþi kñúgGnaKtkal dUecñHç esckþIR:zña rbs´

jab´j&r edayRbkarNaç fitenAehIy edayRbkarenaH . citþ

citþKhbtIenaH rEmgsMerc:n eRBaHkartaMgcitþR:zña rbs´Gñk

RbkbedayGg< 8 edayn&yenH CacitþKYrdl´GPinIhar KWCa:T

mansIl CakiriyabrisuTÆsÁat ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

CabTdðan edIm|IkiriyaeZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*éRkElg nUvZ(m TaMgLay

EdlbuK<lKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´

edayR:C\ad*éRkElg

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

n&ymYyeT[t stVTaMgLay rEmgsMerc edayKuNCatenaH eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatenaH eQμaHza b\TÆiu . GZib|ayza Baküza ²rEmgsMerc³ enH esckþIza CaGñksMerc cMerInruger]g CaGñkdl´

‘236’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúg:lIza ²RBHeyaKI naMcitþcUl

nUvKuNd*x¬g´x¬s´³ dUecñH . ‘b\TÆi 10 y¨ag’

eTA begÁancitþcUleTA edIm|IsMEdgb\TiƳ dUcteTAenH . eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæza karsMerc GZib|ayza edayGtæ

b\TÆienaH man 10 y¨ag .

dUcRBHsarIbuRteBalza Baküza

za ekItplpg edayGtæza :ncMeBaHpg . eRBaHza vtæúNa

²b\TÆi TaMgLay³ :ndl´b\TÆi 10 y¨ag . RBHsarIbuRt eBal

ekItpl buK<l:ncMeBaHnUvvtæúNaç vtæúenaH elakehAza rEmg

BaküdéTeT[tza ²b\TÆiTaMg 10 y¨ag etIdUcemþcxøH/³ . b\TÆi 10

sMerc .

y¨agenaH KW ;

smdUcCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²kalstV

R:zña nUvkamNaç ebIkamenaH sMercdl´stVenaH ‘1’ . KñaenaHEdr .

:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi eRBaHenk¡mμ; sMercç

n&ydUc eQμaH

za :diharü eRBaHkMcat´bg´ç eQμaHza b\TÆi eRBaHGrhtþmK<sMercç eQμaHza :diharü eRBaHkMcat´bg´ ‘2’ ³ . n&ymYyeT[t eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc . Baküza b\TÆienH CaeQμaHénkiriyadl´RBmedayó:y . EmnBit ó:ysm|Ta rEmgsMerc eRBaHkiriyaesayplEdlxøÜnR:zñaehIy . dUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²EmnBit citþKhbtIenHÉg Ca GñkmansIl manZm(d*lÁ RbsinebInwgb¨gR:zñaza; GatμaGjKb|I 1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 54 TMB&rTI 265 .

2- suÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 315 .

1- GZidðana «TÆi

2- vikuBVna «TÆi

3- menamya «TÆi

b\TÆi sMercedaykarGZidðanç b\TÆi edaykareZVIoEbøkç b\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþç

4- jaNvi:öra «TiÆ

b\TiÆ EdlpSayecjBIGrhtþmK<J¦aNç

5- smaZivi:öra «TiÆ

b\TÆi EdlpSayecjmkGMBIsmaZiç

6- Griya «TÆi

7- kmμvi:kCa «TÆi 8- buJ¦veta «TÆi

9- viC¢amya «TÆi

b\TÆi rbs´RBHGriy;ç b\TÆi EdlekItmkGMBIkmμvi:kç b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNüç b\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIviC¢aç

1- suÇ sMÇ sÇ PaKTI 36 TMB&rTI 223 .


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348

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

‘4- jaNvi:örb\TÆi’

b\TÆi eRBaH

GtæzasMerc eRBaHbc©&yénkarRbkbRtwmRtUv kñúgkic©enaH> ‘1’ .

‘1- GZidðanb\TÆi’

KuNviess EdlekItedayGanuPaBénjaN kñúgkalmunkþI kñúgkalCaxageRkaykþI eRBaHkarRbRBwtþieTAénjaN eQμaHza b\TÆi

bNþab\TÆiTaMgenaH b\TÆi EdlRBHsarIbuRtsMEdgEvkEjk y¨ag

KWkarpSayecjénjaN . smdUcCaRBH:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi

enHza ²Pikú¡EtmYyrUbeT edayRbRktI Etnwkcg´o:neRcInrUb KW

KWkarpSayecjénjaN eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´ nUvesckþI

nwkcg´oeTACamYyryrUbkþI mYyBan´rUbkþI mYyhμÅnrUbkþI luHnwkcg´

sMKal´za eT[g edaykarBicarNaeXIjza mineT[g .l. eQμaH

ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza; sUmoGatμaGj manrUbeRcIn³

za b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénjaN eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´nUv

dUecñHCaedIm

kielsTaMgBYg edayGrhtþmK< ‘dUcCa’ b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

‘2’ eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarGZidðan eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH

jaN rbs´RBHBakul; d*manGayu b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénjaN

sMercehIy edayGMNacénkarGZidðan .

rbs´RBHsMkic©;

‘2- vikuBVnb\TÆi’ b\TÆi EdlmkehIy eday:lIy¨agenHza ²RBHGPiPUenaH lH bg´ePTCaRbRktI

ehIysMEdgePTCakumarxøH

d*manGayu

nwg

b\TÆi

KWkarpSayecjénjaN

rbs´RBHPUt:l d*manGayu ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHBakul;’

sMEdgePTCanaK

sMEdgePTCakgTahanEbøk> KñaxøH ‘3’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm

bNþaRBHezr;TaMgbIenaH Cabfm RBHBakul;d*manGayu enA

eQμaHza b\TÆ KWkareZVIoEbøk eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH RbRBwtþeTAeday

ekμgenAeLIy kñúgézámg<l RtUveKpáÚtTwk kñúgsÞwg Zøak´ehIykñúgExS

GMNackarlHbg´ePTRbRktI nig eZVIoxusEbøk ‘BIePTRbRktI’ .

Twk edayesckþIRbEhsénemnM . RtIelbnUvkumarenaH ehIy:n

‘3- menamyb\TiÆ’

eTAkan´kMBg´énRkugBaraNsI . GñkRbm¨g´RtI cab´RtIenaH:nehIy

xøH

.l.

kñúgsasnaenH

kñúgkMBg´enaH k*lk´eTAoPriyaénesdðI . PriyaesdðIenaH k*ekIt

nimμit nUvkaydéT GMBIkayenH manrUbEdlsMercGMBIcitþ³ dUecñHCa

esckþIcUlcitþelIRtI ehIyeBalza ²x\úMnwgGaMgRtInu@HxøÜnÉg³ dUecñH

edIm eQμaHza b\TÆi EdlsMercGMBIcitþ eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaHRbRBwtþ

kMBugEtvH k*Rsab´EteXIjTark dUcCarUbCavikarénmas kñúgeBaH

eTA edayGMNacénkarekIteLIg énsrIr;déTeT[t EdlsMercmk

RtI k*ekItesckþIesamnsSza ²GatμaGj:nkUnehIy³ dUecñH .

GMBIcitþ BÆd*xagkñúgénragkay .

PaBminmanéneraK kñúgeBaHénRtI

b\TÆi

EdlmkehIy

edayn&yenHza

1- suÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&r 264 .

²Pikú¡

2- TMB&r 269 . 3- TMB&r 277 .

1- suÇ xuÇ

eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjén

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 278 .


visuTÆimK< ERb jaN

rbs´RBHBakul;d*manGayu

eRBaHPaBminmaneraKkñúgeBaHénRtIenaH énRBHGrhtþmK<J¦aN dUecñH .

349

CaGñkekIt

kñúgPBCaTIbMput

ekItehIy

EdlelakKb|I:n

350

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Tan´ecjmkvijenAeLIy TVarbiTehIy .

edayGanuPaB

eraK Gs´raRtImanyambI xageRkARkug sUm|ICaTIRtac´eTA énykS

edayGtþPaBenaH

sahav eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayeTAénjaN tamn&yEdlelak

k*bNÐitKb|IsMEdger]g ‘RBHBakul;’ edayBisþar .

eBalehIyenaHÉg .

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsMkic©;’ k*kalRBHsg,ic©etær

PaBEdlTark minman

taMgenAkñúgK(PenAeLIy

k*bNÐit Kb|IsMEdger]g oBisþarpg .

‘5- smaZivi:örb\TÆi’ matak*:neZVI

KuNviess EdlekItehIy edayGanuPaBénsmz; mun ß

mrNkaleTA . kalEdlmataenaH RtUveKelIkeLIgkan´eCIgz,r

eRkaysmaZi ßk* kñúgxN;énsmaZienaH b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj

cak´edayeQIRsYcehIydutç Tark b¨HeRK]gRbharRtg´knÞúyEPñk

énsmaZi . smdUcRBHd*manRBHPaKRtas´za ²eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkar

edaycugeQIRsYc :nERskehIy . lMdab´enaH BYkmnusSTaMg

pSayecjénsmaZi eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´ nUvnIvrN;TaMg

Lay k*:ndak´TarkenaHcuHehIy edayKitza ²TarkenAmanCIvit³

Lay edaybfmCÄan

dUecñH vHeBaHrYcehIy k*:noTarkeTACIdUn . TarkenaH RtUvCIdUn

smaZi eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsJ¦a eday

enaH EzTaM luHZMcMerInv&yehIy k*eTAbYs :nsMercnUvRBHGrhtþ

envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnsmabtþi ‘dUcCa’ b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay . PaBminmaneraK elIeCIgz,rénós

smaZi rbs´RBHsarIbutþd*manGayuç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy y¨agenHÉg eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkar

rbs´RBHsJ¢Iv;manGayuç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´RBH

pSayecjénjaN rbs´RBHsgi,c©; d*manGayu .

xaNuekaNÐJ¦; d*manGayuç

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHPUt:l’ er]gmYyeT[t ÓBuk rbs´PUt:lTark CamnusST&lRk kñúg

eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´

ó:sikaeQμaHótþraç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´ó:sika eQμaHsamavtI ‘1’ ³ .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsarIbuRt’

TIRkugraCRKwH . ÓBukenaH eTAkan´éRBedayreTH edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´ós pÞúkóseRscehIy eTAdl´TICitTVarRkugkñúgeBlláac .

.l.

bNþaRBHezr;TaMgenaH

kalRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu

Kg´enA

CYnRKaenaH eKaTaMgLayrbs´Kat´ edaHecjBInwmehIy k*cUleTA

Ek|rjkPñMeQμaHte:t; CamYynwgRBHmhaemaK<løanetær ekarsk´

kan´TIRkug . ÓBukenaH okUntUcGg<úyelITUkreTHehIy k*eTAtam

ehIyzμI> Gg<úykñúgTIval kñúgraRtIxagexñItç manykSkMNacmYy

daneCIgeKaTaMgLay :ncUleTAkan´TIRkugpgEdr . kalKat´min

1- suÇ

xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 280 .


visuTÆimK< ERb TukCaykSCasMLaj´hamXat´

351

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

elI

²enHCadg<t´³ :ndak´begVcRTBüTaMgGs´ xagelIRBHezr;Etmþg .

:nekItehIydUcCasMeLgénemX

kalBYkecarTaMgenaHsMrakehIyecjeTAç RBHezr;ecjBIsmabtþi

kñúgkalNaç kñúgkalenaH RBHezr;cUlsmabtþiehIy kñúgsm&y

ehIyedayGMNacénkiriyakMNt´nUvkal kñúgkalCaTIkan´yknUv

CaTIRbharrbs´ykSenaH . RKaenaH GaBaZtictYcmin:nekItman

begVcRTBüEdlecardak´ehIyCadMbUg . BYkecarTaMgenaH eXIjnUv

dl´elak eRBaHkarRbharenaHeLIy . b\TÆienH eQμaHzab\TÆi KWkar

Gakar;kMerIk rbs´RBHezr;ehIy k*P&yrt´EckpøÚvKñaeTA . RBHezr;

pSayecjénsmaZi rbs´RBHsarIbuRtd*manGayuenaH . Éer]gmk

eBalza ²Enó:skTaMgLay BYkGñkkMuxøaceLIy GatμaCaPikú¡³ .

ehIy kñúgóTanÉeNaH .

BYkecarTaMgenaH mkzVaybg<MehIy bYsedayesckþIRCHzøaEdlfit

RBHeksç

sMeLgEdlKMram

k*:noehIynUvkarRbhar

352

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsJ¢Iv;’

enAkñúgRBHezr;ehIy :nsMercnUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTa .

er]gmYyeT[t GñkKgValeKaTaMgLay sMKal´ehIy nUvRBH sJ¢Ivetær EdlcUlnieraZsmabtþiza ²eZVIkalkiriyaehIy³ :n

karminmanGaBaZénRBHezr;EdlRtUvbegVcRTBü 500 kJ©b´ RKb sg,t´ehIykñúgéRBenaH eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´ótþraó:sika’

CJ¢ÚnnUvesμA kMNat´eQI nig Gacm¾eKa mkdutePøIg . sUm|Ivtæú RtwmEtcugénecs kñúgcIvrrbs´RBHezr; k*ePøIgmineqHeLIy . kar

cMENknagótþraó:sika CaZIta rbs´buNÑkesdðI . RsIp,a

minmanGnþrayedayePøIgenH eQμaHzab\TÆiKWkarpSayecjénsmaZi

mas eQμaHsirima manesckþIRcENnRKbsg,t´ehIy :neRsac

eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH ekItehIy edayGanuPaBénsmz; Edl:n

eRbgd*ekþATaMgxÞH elIk|alnagótþra .

RbRBwtþeTAehIy edayGMNacénsmabtþitamlMdab´rbs´elak .

kñúgxN;enaHÉg . eRbg:nxÞatecjeTA dUcCaTwkxÞatecjBIsøwk

Éer]g mkehIy kñúgRBHsURtÉeNaH .

QUk . enHCab\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZirbs´nagótþraenaH .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHxaNuekaNÐJ¦etær’ cMENkRBHxaNuekaNÐJ¦etær

tamRbRktI

nagótþra cUlemtþaehIy

Éer]gbNÐitKb|I ‘sMEdg’ oBisþarcuH .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHnagsamavtI’

CaGñkeRcIneday

smabtþiEmnBit . RBHezr;Gg<enaH Gg<úycUlsmabtþi Gs´mYy

GK<mehsI énRBH:TóeTn RBHnamsamavtI . maKNÐiy-

raRtI kñúgéRBmYy . BYkecar 500 nak´ lYcRTBüeKehIyeTA man

RBahμN¾ R:zñatMENgCaGK<mehsI dl´ZItarbs´xøÜn :noeK

R:zñaedIm|IQb´sMrak edayKitza ²«LÚvenH minmanm©as´RTBü

dak´Bs´GasirBis kñúgBiNrbs´RBHnagsamavtIenaH ehIyTUl

mktampøÚvBYkeyIgeT³ dUecñH

RBHraCaza

kaldak´nUvbegVcRTBü k*sMKal´za

²bBiRtmharaC

RBHnagsamavtI

R:zñacg´eZVIKt´RBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

353

354

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Gg< cab´Bs´GasirBis rkSaTukkñúgBiN³ . RBHraCaRTg´TtBs´

za minKYrex¬Im kñúgrbs´KYrex¬ImCaedImenH ehAza ²Griyb\TÆi³ eRBaH

enaH RTg´x\al´ehIy elIkeLIgnUvZñÚ edaymanbMNgza ²Gjnwg

ekItmancMeBaHRBHGriyTaMgLay Edldl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´eday

smøab´nagsamavtI³ ehIyes[tnUvkUnsr EdlRtaMehIyedayzñaM

GMNacéncitþbu¨eNÑaH . EmnBit Pikú¡CaRBHxINaRsB RbkbRBm

Bis . RBHnagsamavtI RBmTaMgbrivar :npSayemtþa eTAkan´

edayGriyb\TÆienH

RBHraCa . RBHraCa kalminGacedIm|I:j´ nig minGacedIm|Idak´

nUvZatukþI kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬Im KWminCaTIR:zña eQμaHza CaGñkman

cuHnUvkUnsr:n k*RTg´jab´j&rRbzab´enAehIy . lMdab´enaH RBH

esckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬ImKg´enAç kaleZVInUvkarpSaynUvGsuPkþI

nageTvITUlRBHGg<za ²bBiRtmharaC etIRBHGg<RTg´lM:kß/³ .

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mineT[g³ dUecñHkþI kñúgvtæúEdlminKYrex¬Im KW

²eGIx\úMlM:k³ RBHraCaeqøIy . ²ebIdUecñaH sUmRBHGg<RTg´dak´ZñÚcuH³

EdlCaTIR:zña eQμaHza GñkmanesckþIsMKal´zaKYrex¬Im Kg´enA .

RBHnagTUl . kUnsr:nZøak´ehIy Ek|rTICiténRBH:T rbs´RBH

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr

raCaEtmþg . lMdab´enaH RBHnageTvI TUnμanRBHraCaenaHza ²bBiRt

nUvZatukþI enaHÉg kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬Im nig minKYrex¬Im eQμaHza Gñk

mharaC RBHGg<minRtUvRbTUsþ cMeBaHGñkEdlminRbTUsþtbeT³ .

manesckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬ImKg´enAç nig kaleZVInUvkarpSay

PaBénRBHraCaminGacedIm|IElgnUvsr dUceBalmkenH eQμaHza

GsuP;kþI nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mineT[g³ dUecñHkþI enaHÉg kñúgvtæú

b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´ó:sikasamavtI dUecñHÉg .

EdlminKYrex¬Im nig KYrex¬Im k*eQμaHza CaGñkmanesckþIsMKal´za

‘6- Griyb\TÆi’

kaleZVInUvkarpSayemtþakþI

Pikú¡kaleZVIkarpSayemtþakþI

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ

minKYrKg´enA . cMENkPikú¡ kaljúaMgqLg<úebk¡a EdleBalehIy

cMENkxagb\TÆi manb\TÆiénCnGñkmankiriyaenA edayesckþI

edayn&yza ²Pikú¡ eXIjnUvrUb edayEPñkehIy CaGñkmineRtkGr³

sMKal´za minKYrex¬ImCaedIm kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬ImCaedIm CaRbRktI

dUecñHCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA ev[recjnUvGarmμN¾TaMgBIrenaH TaMgkñúg

eQμaHzaGriyb\TÆi . b\TÆi KWPaBGñkx¬g´x¬s´ etIdUcemþc/ . Pikú¡ kñúg

vtæúEdlKYrex¬Impg nig vtæúminKYrex¬Impg k*eQμaHza CaGñkRBegIy

sasnaenH ebIR:zñaza ²GatμaGj Kb|ImanesckþIsMKal´za min

kenþIy manstism|CJ¦; Kg´enA . eRBaHza kñúgbdismÖiTa RBH

KYrex¬Im kñúgrbs´EdlKYrex¬Imç elakk*CaGñksMKal´za minKYrex¬Im

sarIbuRt cMENkesckþIenHÉg edayn&yCaedImza ²sYrza; Pikú¡

kñúgrbs´enaH .l. CaGñkmansμartI dwgxøÜn Rbkbedayóebk¡a

manesckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬Im kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬ImKg´enA etIdUc

kñúgrbs´EdlKYrex¬ImenaH ‘1’ ³ .

emþc/ .

1- suÇ

xuÇ

Emn b\TiÆ manPaBCaGñksMKal´

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 281 .

eqøIyza; Pikú¡pSayemtþacitþ ß BicarNaza CaZatu kñúg

vtæúEdlminCaTIR:zña³ dUecñH edayRbkary¨agenHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

355

356

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

b\TÆi manPaBCaGñkmanesckþIsMKal´za minKYr kñúgvtæúEdlKYr Ca

:n mYyGenøIedayesna RbkbedayGg< 4 edayehaceTA rab´

edImenH elakehAza Griyb\TÆi eRBaHekItmancMeBaHRBHGriy;TaMg

taMgGMBIbursGñkcgesH nig GñkrkSaeKaç b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü

Lay Edl:nnUvecetavsI EtbueNÑaH edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eQμaHeCatikKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHCdilKhbtIç

‘7- kmμvi:kCb\TiÆ’ cMENkb\TÆi mankareTAtamGakasCaedIm rbs´stVTaMgLay

b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHeXasitKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´Gñkman buNü eQμaHemNÐkKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNüZM 5

manstVsøabCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ . dUc:lIza

nak´ç

b\TÆienH eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNü ‘1’ ³dUecñH .

²sYrza; b\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ etIdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; b\TÆi rbs´

ebIniyayedayseg¡b KuNviess rbs´buK<lEdlsMerc kñúg

stVsøabTaMgGs´ rbs´eTvtaTaMgGs´ rbs´BYkmnusSxøH rbs´

buJ¦smÖar Edldl´nUvkareBjeljehIy eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´

stVCavini:tik;xøH enH KWb\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ³ dUecñH . EmnBit

buK<lGñkmanbuNü .

bNþastVTaMgenaH kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´stVsøabTaMgGs´

k*bNþabuK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMgenaH sMrab´eCatikKhbtI man

ev[rcakQan ß vibsSna Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμç k*dUcKñaenaHEdr

R:saTEkvmNI nig edImkb|RBwkS 64 edIm TMlaynUvEpndI

kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´BYkeTvtaTaMgGs´ nig mnusSBYkxøH

puseLIgehIyç enHCab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHeCatikKhbtI

EdlekItkñúgbfmkb| k*Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμEdrç dUcKñaenaHEdr

enaH . sMrab´CdilKhbtI manPñMmaskMBs´ 80 htæ ekIteLIg

kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´vini:tik;TaMgLayBYkxøH manCaGaTi¾

ehIy . kalebIeKeZVIesckþIBüayamedIm|Ismøab´ kñúgTI 7 kEnøg

KW yki¡nI Camatarbs´RBHbiyg,rç yki¡nI Camatarbs´ótþrmaNBç

PaBminmaneraK Cab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNüeQμaHeXaskKhbtI.

yki¡nI eQμaHbusSmitþaç yki¡nI eQμaHZmμKutþa k*Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIpl

Pav;énBEBTaMgLay EdlsMercehIyGMBIrtn; 7 Rbkar R:kd

kmμEdr y¨agenHÉg .

eLIg kñúgRbeTsRtwmEtP¢Ür:nmYyKnøg Cab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü

‘8- buJ¦veta«TÆi’

eQμaHemNÐkKhbtI . eQμaHza buK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMgLay 5

cMENkÉb\TÆi mankareTAtamGakasCaedIm énviessCnTaMg

nak´ KW; emNÐkesdðI 1ç Priyarbs´Kat´ eQμaHcnÞbTumsiri 1ç

Lay manesþccRkBtþiCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkman

kUnRbus eQμaHZnJ¢yesdðI 1ç kUnRbsaRsI eQμaHsumneTvI 1ç

buNü . smdUcRBHsarIbuRteBalza ²b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkman

x\MúRbus eQμaHbuNÑ; 1 .

buNü etIdUcemþc/ .

RBHraCa cRkBtþi RTg´esþceTAkan´Gakas

1- suÇ

xuÇ

bNþabuK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMg 5 enaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 284 .


visuTÆimK< ERb kúñgeBlEdlesdðIkk´k|alehIy

egIyemIlnUvGakas

357

358

CRguk

RtUv kñúgGMeBIenaH>Cabc©&y eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvkiels

RsUv 1ç250 xñg eBjedayRsUvsalIBN(RkhmGMBIGakas .

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TaMgLayTaMgBYg edayGrhtþmK< ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

kalPriya cab´yk:yRtwmEtmYynaLi ehIyGg<asnUvCnTaMg

É:lImkehIy kñúgnieTÞsénb\TÆiTaMg10 enH k*dUcKñanwg:lI

Lay GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgmUlç :yk*enAEtminGs´Edr . kal

kñúgnieTÞsénb\TÆimunEdr edayGMNacénkarsMEdg nUvesckþIRbkb

EdlkUnRbus

odl´BYkCn

RtUv eBalKWkarRbtibtþidUcKña . cMENkÉb\TÆi EdlmkehIy kñúg

GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgGs´ khabN;TaMgLay k*enAEtminGs´ .

Gdðkzaza ²KuNviessEdlekIteLIgehIy eRBaHeZVIkmμenaH> KW

kalkUnRbsaRsI ykRsUvmYykeJ¢I ehIyeRbIoeKEck dl´Cn

sil|kmμ NanImYy edayGMNacénkareZVInUvviZImank|ÜnreTH Ca

GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgmUl RsUvk*enAEtminGs´Edr . kalx\MúRbus

edIm evC¢kmμ NanImYy karer[nnUvevTTaMgbI karer[nRBHéRtbidk

P¢Üredayng<&lmYy ekItman 14 Knøg KW xagenH 7 Knøg xagenH

TaMgbI edayehaceTA mankarP¢ÜrnigkarsabeRBaHCaedIm eQμaHza

7 Knøg . enHCab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü énCnTaMg 5 enaH .

b\TÆiedayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvkñúgkmμenaH> Cabc©&y³ .

yknUvzg´khabN;mYyBan´ehIy

‘9- viC¢amyb\TÆi’ cMENkb\TÆi mandMeNIreTAkan´GakasCaedIm énCnTaMgLay manCnGñkRTRTg´ nUvviC¢aCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi seRmcedayviC¢a .

kñúgb\TÆiTaMg 10 EdleBalmkenH GZidðanb\TÆi bu¨eNÑaH mk ehIy kñúgbTenHza ²«TÆiviZay³ dUecñH .

Kb|IR:zña vikuBVnb\TÆi nig menamyb\TÆi EmnBit .

smdUc:lIza ²b\TÆisMercedayviC¢a etIdUcemþc/ . BYkGñkviC¢aZr raynUvviC¢aehIy ehaHeTAkan´Gakas:n sMEdgxøÜnCadMrI enAelI GakasTeTk*:n

.l.

sMEdgxøÜnCakgTahanepSg> k*:n .

‘10- ttæ ttæÇÇÇ «CÄnedðn «TÆi’ cMENkkarsMercnUvkmμenaH> eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvenaH> eQμaH zab\TiÆ edayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvkñúgkmμenaH>Cabc©&y. smdUc:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkb RtUvkñúgGMeBIenaH> Cabc©&y eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvkamcänÞ; edayenk¡mμ; .l. eQμaHza b\TÆiedayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkb

EtkñúgesckþIenH bNÐit

‘EkGtæbT:lI’ ‘237’ bTza ²«TÆiviZay³ esckþIza kñúgcMENkénb\TÆi ßk* kñúgdMENgénb\TÆi . eRcInbTza ²citþM

GPinIhrti GPininñaemti³

esckþIza Pikú¡enaH kalebIcitþenaH KWQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ekIt ehIy

edayGMNacénkarGb´rMcitþ

manRbkardUceBalmkehIy

rEmgbegÁn nUvbrikmμcitþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kar:ncMENk én b\TÆi KWnaMecj‘nUvcitþ’ cakGarmμN¾énksiNehIy EtgbJ¢Ún ‘nUv citþenaH’omanmuxeq¬aHeTArkkardMENgb\TÆi . bTza ²GPininñaemti³ 1- suÇ

xu

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 285 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

359

360

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

esckþIza eZVI ‘nUvcitþ’ oeTreTArkb\TÆi KWoejaceTArkb\TÆi Edl

PUmiCaTIekIténvievk KWbfmCÄan 1 PUmiCaTIekIténbIti nig sux; KW

xøÜnKb|I:n . bTza ²esa³ :ndl´Pikú¡enaH CaGñkmankarksag

TutiyCÄan 1 PUmiCaTIekIténóebk¡anigsux; KWttiyCÄan 1 PUmiCa

kñúgcitþ:neZVIehIy y¨agdUecñaH . bTza ²GenkvihitM³

ERbza

TIekIténevTnaminTuk¡minsux; KWctutæCÄan 1ç enHÉg PUmiTaMg 4

maneRcInEbb KWmanRbkarepSg> . bTza ²«TÆiviZM³ ERbzacMENk

rbs´b\TÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edIm|I

énb\TÆi . bTza ²bc©nuePati³ esckþIza :nesay KW:nBal´ RtUv :neZVIoCak´c|as´ :nsMerc .

kñúgkal«LÚvenH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvPav;én cMENkénb\TÆienaHmaneRcIny¨ag eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²Éekabi hutVa³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²Éekabi hutVa³ KW tam RbRktI kñúgeBlmun GMBIkareZVInUvb\TÆihñwgÉg k*CabuK<lEtmYyrUb .

edIm|Ic®g,mkþI

ehati³ esckþIza ‘Pikú¡mYyrUb’ CaGñkR:zña

CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvkarsVaZüaykþI

CaGñkR:zña

edIm|IsYrRbsñakþI kñúgsMNak´énPikú¡eRcInrUb ‘o’ eTACamYyryrUb k*:n mYyBan´rUbk*:n .

‘«TÆiviZI’ sYrza ²cuHPikú¡rUbenH ekIty¨agenH edayRbkardUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²Pikú¡rUbenaH júaMgPUmi 4 énb\TÆi :T 4 bT 8 mUl 16 énb\TÆi odl´RBmehIy GZidðanedayjaN .

‘PUmi 4 énb\TÆi’ kñúgviZITaMgenaH Qan 4 bNÐiKb|IRCabza PUmi 4 . smdUc CaRBHZmμesnabtI

edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøa kñúgb\TÆi ‘1’ ³ . k*RBHeyaKI QancUlehIy nUvsuxsJ¦apg nUvlhusJ¦a

‘BhuPav:diharü’

BIrbTza ²BhuZa

kareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi edIm|IPaBénkarsÞat´kñúgb\TÆi

eBalehIyza ²PUmi 4 énb\TÆi etIdUcemþc / .

pg ehIyCaGñkmankayRsal Tn´ nig KYrdl´kargar ehIy sMercnUvb\TÆi

eRBaHkarpSaynUvbIti

nig

eRBaHkarpSaynUvsux;

eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH bNþaQanTaMg 4 enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabQan 3 xagedIm za ²eQμaHza manPUmisMrab´CaeRK]g Rbkb³ eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edaybriyayenH . cMENkctutæCÄan eQμaHza PUmiCaRbRktI eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:n nUvb\TÆiEmnBit .

‘:Ténb\TÆi 4’ «TÆi:T 4 bNÐitKb|IRCabza :T 4 . smdUcCaRBH:lI za ²b\TÆi man:T 4 etIdUcemþc/ .

Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cMerInnUv

«TÆi:T RbkbedayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T RbkbedayvIriysmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T Rbkb edaycitþsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T Rbkbeday vImMsasmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1ç enHÉg:TTaMg 4 énb\TÆi RbRBwtþ 1- suÇ

xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 264 .


visuTÆimK< ERb eTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi

.l.

361

edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøa kñúgb\TÆi ³ .

362

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

za qnÞsmaZiç Pikú¡enaH júaMgq&nÞ;oekIt RbwgERbg R:rBÆBüayam

k*kñúgnieTÞsén«TÆi:TenH smaZiEdlmanq&nÞ;CaehtukþI man

p<gcitþeLIg taMgBüayammaM edIm|IjúaMgZm(TaMgLay CaGkusl

q&nÞ;d*elIslubkþI eQμaHza qnÞsmaZi . Baküza qnÞsmaZienH

d*lamk EdlminTan´ekIteLIg minoekIteLIg:n .l. TaMgenH

CaeQμaHénsmaZi EdlRBHeyaKIeZVInUvq&nÞ; KWPaBénxøÜnCaGñkcg´eZVI

ehAza bZansg¡arç enHehAza q&nÞ;pg enHehAza q&nÞsmaZipg

oCaGZibtI ehIyeTIb:nsMerc .

enHehAza bZansg¡arpg edayRbkardUecñH . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

sg¡arTaMgLayEdlCatYénesckþIBüayam eQμaHza bZansg¡ar . Baküza bZansg¡arenH CaeQμaH énesckþIBüayam

enHehAza «TÆi:T RbkbedayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar ‘1’ ³ . sUm|Ikñúg«TÆi:Td*ess k*bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI y¨agenHEdr .

‘bT 8 énb\TÆi’

eBalKWesckþIBüayamRtUv EdljúaMgkic© 4 osMerc . Baküza

²smnñaKtM³ KWRbkbehIy edayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar .

‘238’ bTTaMgLay 8 manq&nÞ;CaedIm bNÐitKb|IRCabza

Baküza ²«TiÆ:TM³ esckþIza KMnréncitþ nig ectsikd*essEdl

bT8 . smdUcRBH:lIza ²b\TÆi manbT 8 etIdUcemþc/ . ebIPikú¡

eQμaHza :T eRBaHesckþIzaCaTItaMgénqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar

GaRs&yq&nÞ; ehIy:nnUvsmaZi KW:nnUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾

TaMgLay EdlRbkbehIy edayGPiJ¦acitþ Edldl´nUvkarrab´

EtmYy 1ç q&nÞ;minEmnsmaZi smaZiminEmnq&nÞ; q&nÞ;edayELk

za b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc edaybriyayzaekItpl n&ymYyeT[t

smaZiedayELk 1ç ebIPikú¡GaRs&ynUvvIriy; ehIy:nnUvsmaZi

dl´nUvkarrab´za b\TÆi eRBaHCaeRK]gsMercénstVTaMgLay eday

KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy 1ç vIriy; minEmnsmaZi

briyayenHza CaeRK]gruger]g CaeRK]gcMerIn CaeRK]gd*x¬g´x¬s´ .

smaZiminEmnvIriy; vIriy;edayELk smaZiedayELk 1ç ebI

smdUcCaRBH:lI za ; ²Baküza «TÆi:T :ndl´ evTnaxnÆ

Pikú¡GaRs&ycitþ ehIy:nsmaZi KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾

sJ¦axnÆ sg¡ark¡nÆ viJ¦aNk¡nÆ énPikú¡GñkR:kddUecñaH ³ .

EtmYy

n&ymYyeT[t

eQμaHza

:T

eRBaHCaeRK]gEdlbuK<lKb|I

citþminEmnsmaZi

smaZiedayELk

smaZiminEmncitþ

ebIPikú¡GaRs&ynUvvImMsa

citþedayELk

ehIy:nsmaZi

dl´ GZib|ayza CaeRK]gsMerc . :Ténb\TÆi eQμaHza «TÆi:T .

KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy 1ç vImMsa minEmnsmaZi

Baküza «TÆi:T enH CaeQμaHénZm(TaMgLay manq&nÞ;CaedIm .

smaZiminEmnvImMsa vImMsaedayELk smaZiedayELk 1ç TaMg

smdUcCaRBH:lIza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GaRs&y nUvq&nÞ;

enHÉg bT 8 rbs´b\TÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaH

ehIy:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

enHehA

1- suÇ sMÇ mÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 291 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

363

nUvb\TÆi edIm|IkareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi edIm|IPaBénkar sÞat´kñúgb\TÆi edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøakñúgb\TÆi³ . eRBaHkñúg:lIenaH qnÞ; KWPaBCaGñkR:zñaedIm|IjúaMgb\TÆi oekIteLIg luHEtRbkbehIykñúg TICamYyKña edaysmaZib¨ueNÑaH eTIbRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi . «TÆi:TTaMgLayd*ess manvIriy;CaedIm k*y¨agenaHEdr . eRBaH ehtuenaH bTTaMg 8 manq&nÞ;CaedImenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza elak

‘mUl 16 énb\TÆi’

‘7’ citþ EdlputRsLH rEmgminjab´j&r edaykamraK; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘8’ citþ EdlminmaneRK]gRbkb rEmgminjab´j&r eday kiels eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘9’ citþ EdlKμanPøWKWkiels rEmgminjab´j&r edayPøWKW kiels eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

kielsmansPaBepSg> ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

PaBéncitþminjab´j&r edayGakar; 16 bNÐitKb|IRCabza mUl 16 . smdUcRBH:lIza ²b\TÆi manmUl 16 etIdUcemþc/ . ‘1’ citþ EdlmineRTam rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþIx¢il

‘2’ citþ Edlmine:¨geLIg rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþI revIrvay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘3’ citþ EdlminTn´eTar rEmgminjab´j&r edayraK; eRBaH

rEmgminjab´j&r

edayBüa:T

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘5’ citþ EdlminGaRs&y rEmgminjab´j&r edayTidði eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘6’ citþ EdlminCab´CMBak´ rEmgminjab´j&r edayqnÞraK; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

EdlminKYreC] eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘12’ citþ EdlmanvIriy;EzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r edaykar

‘13’ citþEdlmanstiEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&redayesckþI RbmaT eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘14’ citþ EdlmansmaZiEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r eday esckþIraymay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç EdlminbegÁan

‘11’ citþ EdlmansTÆaEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r edayvtæú

x¢ilRcGUs eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

RcGUs eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

citþ

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

‘10’ citþ EdlmanGarmμN¾EtmYy rEmgminjab´j&r eday

eBalehIyza bT 8 .

‘4’

364

‘15’ citþ EdlmanbJ¦aEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&redayGviC¢a eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘16’ citþ EdlPøWsVag rEmgminjab´j&r edayggwtKWGviC¢a eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç TaMgenH CamUl 16 rbs´b\TÆi EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edIm|IkareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi

edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi


visuTÆimK< ERb

365

366

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

edIm|IPaBénkarsÞat´kñúgb\TÆi edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøakñúgb\TÆi ‘1’³ dUecñH .

GZidðanenaH citþ EdlmanQanCaTItaMg mannimitþCaGarmμN¾ç citþ

esckþIenH TukCaseRmcehIy edaybTza ²ÉvM smaZiet

kñúgbrikmμTaMgLay manmnusScMnYn100 CaGarmμN¾ ßmanmnusS

cietþ³ dUecñHCaedIm k*BitEmnehIy . EtebITukCadUecñaH elak:n

cMnYn 1ç000 CaGarmμN¾ . EtGarmμN¾TaMgenaH ekItman eday

eBalehIy mþgeT[t edIm|IsMEdgnUvPaBénQanTaMgLay man

GMNacénBN( minEmnedayGMNacénbJ¦tþieT. sUm|IGZidðancitþ

bfmCÄanCaedIm CaPUmi Ca:T CabT nig CamUlénb\TÆi . cMENk

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr KWmanmnusScMnYn100 CaGarmμN¾ ß manmnusS

n&yxagedIm Can&ymkehIy kñúgRBHsURtTaMgLay . n&yenH

cMnYn 1ç000 CaGarmμN¾ . GZidðancitþenaH CacitþEtmYybu¨eNÑaH

mkehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa . elakeBaln&yenH mþgeT[t edIm|IkMuo

RbkbedayrU:vcrctutæCÄan rEmgekIteLIg bnÞab´GMBIeKaRtPUcitþ

P&nþRcLM kñúgsURtTaMgBIr dUecñHk*:n .

dUcCaGb|nacitþ EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmun . BaküÉNa EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ²edayRbRktI Pikú¡EtmYy

‘GZidðanedayjaN’ ‘239’ ÉBaküza ²jaeNn GZidðhenþa³ esckþIza k*ÉRBH eyaKIenHenaH luHjúaMgZm(TaMgLayenH EdlCaPUmi Ca:T CabT nig CamUl énb\TÆi osMercehIy k*cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjehIy zaebIR:zñamnusS 100 nak´ eZVIbrikmμ za ²GatμaGj cUrCamnusS 100 nak´ç GatμaGj cUrCamnusS 100 nak´³ dUecñH ehIy cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgmþgeT[t ecjehIyGZidðan . RBmTaMgcitþGZidðanhñwgÉg Pikú¡enaH nwgekItCamnusS 100 nak´ . n&ysUm|IkñúgmnusS 1ç000 nak´CaedIm k*n&yenHEdr . RbsinebI ‘eZVI’ y¨agenH min:nsMerc RBHeyaKI RtUveZVIbrikmμmþgeT[tehIy júaMgQanosMerc Gs´var; 2 dg ecjehIy GZidðank*:n . eRBaHkñúgGdðkzasMyutþnikay elakeBalehIyza ²RBHeyaKIcUl ‘Qan’ Gs´var;mYydg Gs´var;BIrdg k*KYr³ dUecñH . 1- suÇ xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 266 .

kñúgkar

rUbeT Etnwkcg´o:neRcInrUb KWnwkoeTACamYyryrUbkþI mYyBan´ rUbkþI mYymWunrUbkþI luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðanedayjaNza; sUm oGatμaGjmanrUbeRcIn Pikú¡enaH k*:nrUbeRcIn dUcCaRBHculøbnæk d*manGayu ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

sUm|IkñúgBaküEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

bdismÖiTaenaH Baküza ²nwkrMBwg³ elakeBalehIy edayGMNac énbrikmμhñwgÉg . Baküza ²luHnwkehIy k*GZidðan edayjaN³ KWelakeBalehIy edayGMNacénjaNkñúgGPiJ¦a . eRBaHehtu enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI kñúgBaküza GZidðanedayjaNenaH y¨agdUecñHza ²RBHeyaKI nwkcg´o:neRcInrUb bnÞab´GMBIenaH cUl smabtþi

kñúgTIbMputénbrikmμcitþTaMgenaH

ecjGMBIsmabtþiehIy

nwkmþgeT[tza ²sUmoGatμaGjmanrUbeRcIn³ dUecñHehIy GZidðan edayGPiJ¦ajaN 1- suÇ xuÇ

EtmYybu¨eNÑaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 269 .

ekIteLIgehIy

kñúglMdab´


visuTÆimK< ERb

367

368

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

éncitþEdlCabuBVPaK bI ß bYn EdlRbRBwtþeTA bnÞab´GMBIGavC¢n-

ehIyTUlza ²bBiRtRBHezr;d*cMerIn kñúgézáEsÁk sUmelakm©as´

citþenaH

edayGMNacénkar

naMykPikú¡500 Gg< mYyGenøIedayRBHmanRBHPaK TTYlcgØan´ kñúg

júaMgcitþosMerc³ dUecñH. cMENkBaküNaEdlelakeBalehIy

pÞHeyIgxM\ú³ . ÉRBHezr; :nTTYlnimnþehIy edayBaküza ²Gatμa

za dUcCaRBHculøbnæk d*manGayuç BaküenaH elakeBalehIy

TTYlnimnþsMrab´Pikú¡d*ess:n elIkElgEtRBHculøbnæk³ . RBH

edIm|IsMEdgnUvkayCabnÞal´ énPaBmancMENkeRcIn . bu¨EnþBakü

culøbnæk QrERskyMEk|rexøagTVarç RBHmanRBHPaK TtRBHenRt

enaH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgedayer]g .

eXIjedayTiBVckú¡ehIy RTg´yagcUleTArkRBHculøbnæk Rtas´za

Edl:neQμaHza

GZidðan‘jaN’

‘er]gRBHculøbnæk’

²eRBaHehtuGVI:nCaGñkyM/³ . elak:nRkabTUler]genaHehIy.

‘240’ :n»mkza bgbÚÁnBIrnak´enaH :neQμaHza bnæk; bNþabgbÚÁnTaMgBIrnak´

mineQμaHza CaGñkGPBV kñúgsasna éntzaKteTç EnPikú¡ cUrGñk

elakbYsehIy k*:nsMercnUv

kMuesayesakeLIy³ ehIyRTg´cab´RBHculøbnækenaH Rtg´edIméd

eRBaHPav;énxøÜnCaGñkekItehIykñúgpøÚv . enaH bgeQμaHza mhabnæk; .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²Pikú¡GñkminGac edIm|IeZVIkarsVaZüay

RBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay luH:nCaRBHGrhnþehIy

ehIyyagcUleTAkan´vihar

k*:nbMbYsculøbnæk; :nonUvKazaenH za ;

edayb\TÆi ehIyRTg´ENnaMza ²h¾Pikú¡ GñkkalQøInUvkMNat´sMBt´

cUrGñkemIlnUvRBHGg<Irs EdlkMBugEtruger]g dUcCap,a QUk EdlmankøinRkGUb CaTIrIkrayénstVknøg´ man køinmineTAR:sehIy kñúgeBlRBwky¨agdUecñaHç cUrGñk emIlnUvRBHGg<Irs EdlPøWsVag eRb[bdUcCaRBHGaTitü EdlkMBugEtruger]g BÆd*Gakas dUecñaH . RBHculøbnækenaH minGacedIm|IeZVIKazaenaHosÞat´:n eday 4 Ex . RKaenaH RBHezr; :nbeNþjRBHculøbnækenaH ecjBIvtþ

RTg´nimμit

nUvcMENkénkMNat´sMBt´

enH cUreZVInUvkarsVaZüay o:njy> za ²kMNat´sMBt´CaeRK]g naMmknUvZUlI>³ . kalRBHculøbnækenaH eZVIy¨agdUecñaHç kMNat´ sMBt´enaH :nkøayeTACamanBN(exμAehIy . RBHculøbnæenaH:n cMeBaHnUvesckþIsMKal´za ²sMBt´ brisuTÆlÁç eTas kñúgsMBt´enH minmaneTç EtenHCaeTasrbs´ragkay³ dUecñHehIy cuHkan´jaN kñúgxnÆ 5 cMerInvibsSnaehIy k*:njúaMgjaNodl´nUvTICit én eKaRtPUjaN edayGnuelamjaN . RKaenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´nUvOPasKaza dl´RBHculøbnæk za ;

edayBaküza ²GñkCabuK<lGPBV kñúgsasna³ . k*kñúgkalenaH

raK; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGg tzaKtmin

RBHezr; CaPtþúeTÞsk¾ .

ehAza ZUlIeTç Baküza lMGgenaH CaeQμaHénraK;

eBTüeQμaH CIvk;

cUleTAKal´RBHezr;


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buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´nUvZUlIKWraK;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy .

eTas; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGgtzaKt minehAza ZUlIeTç BaküzaZUlIenaHCaeQμaHéneTas;ç buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´ZUlIKWeTas;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy . emah; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGgtzaKt minehAza ZUlIeTç BaküzaZUlIenaHCaeQμaHénemah;ç buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´ZUlIKWemah;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy .

370

«TÆiviZnieTÞs k*kalRBHd*manRBHPaK esþcyagecjGMBIvtþ

RBHbnæk :nnimitþ nUvGtþPaB Gs´var; KMrb´mYy Ban´ Kg´enAkñúgvtþGm¬v&n CaTIKYrrIkray drabdl´ eBlRbkasPtþkal . lMdab´enaH bursenaH eTAehIy eXIjnUvGaramEdlmanBnøW EtmYy edaysMBt´kasav;TaMgLaymkehIyRkabTUlza ²bBiRt RBHGg<d*cMerIn GarameBjehIy edayPikú¡TaMgLayç x\úMRBHGg< min dwgza; elakm©as´enaH etIGg<NaeT³ . lMdab´enaH RBHmanRBH PaK RTg´Rtas´nwgbursenaHza ²GñkcUreTA GñkeXIjnUvPikú¡Gg<Na muneK cUrcab´nUvPikú¡Gg<enaH Rtg´CaycIBr ehIyeBalza; RBH sasþa RTg´Rtas´ehAelak dUecñHehIy naMmk³ . bursenaH eTA ehIy :ncab´Rtg´CaycIBr rbs´RBHezr;Etmþg . xN;enaHÉg Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtTaMgGs´ k*:t´Gs´ehIy .

RBHezr; bJ¢Ún

‘241’ kñúgkalCaTIbMputénRBHKaza elakutþrZm( 9 Edl

bursenaHeTAvijehIy edayBaküza ²cUrGñkeTAcuH³ ehIysMerc

manbdismÖiTa 4 nig GPiJ¦a 6 Cabrivar :ntaMgenAehIy kñúgéd

srIrkic©mankarlagmuxCaedImeRscehIy k*nimnþeTAmun ehIyKg´

rbs´RBHculøbnækenaHEmnBit . kñúgézáTIBIr RBHsasþa RBmTaMg

elIGasn; EdlbuK<lRkalehIy .

Pikú¡sg¹ RTg´:nesþcyageTAkan´pÞHeBTüeQμaHCIvk; . RKaenaH kñúgeBlCaTIbMputénTwkCaeRK]gcMerIn

kalebIRKUeBTü

eQμaHCIvk

RbeKnyaKUç RBHsasþaRTg´biT:Rt edayRBHhtþ . RKUeBTüCIvk TUlsYrza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIy¨agdUcemþc/³ .

RBHGg<RTg´

Baküza

²dUcRBHculøbnæk

d*manGayu³

elakeBalehIy

sMedAyker]gb\TÆienH edayRbkardUecñH . Pikú¡TaMgLayenaHÉNa EdlGñkmanb\TÞi nimμitehIy kñúger]g EdleBalmkenaHç

Pikú¡TaMgenaH

k*dUcKñaebHbiTnwgPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Rtas´za ²kñúgvtþ manPikú¡mYyrUb³ . eBTüCIvkenaH bJ¢ÚnnUvburs

nu@HÉg eRBaHelaknimiμtehIyminkMNt´ . Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆiTaMgLay

eTAedayBaküza ²cUrGñkeTAnimnþykelakm©as´ mko:nqab´³ .

eZVInUvkic©Na> kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay manQr nigGg<úyCaedImkþI


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

kñúgGakar;TaMgLay mankarniyaysþI nig PaBenAesá{mCaedImkþI

nUvkarsVaZüay nwgsYrnUvbJØa³ dUecñHkþI ehIyKit edayesckþI

Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIy k*eZVInUvkiriyaenaH> dUcKña . RbsinNa

R:zñatic za ²viharenH manPikú¡ticç ebIbuK<lBYkxøH nwgmk nwg

ebI Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLay

nwkza;

omansm|úrepSg> Kñaç BYkxøH fitenAkñúgbfmv&yç BYkxøH fitenA

mYyrUb nwgmanmkBINaç enHCaGanuPaBénRBHezr;edayBit dUecñH

kñúgmCÄimv&yç BYkxøHfitenAkñúgbcäimv&yç m¨üageT[t Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

ehIy nwgdwgnUvGatμaGj³ dUecñHkþI ehIyR:zñaza ²GatμaGj Ca

R:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLay omansk´Evg o

buK<lmñak´ kñúgcenøaHEmnBit³ dUecñH Kb|IcUlQan EdlCaTItaMg

mank|alRtegalmYycMeh[g

omancIBr

ecjehIy eZVInUvbrikmμza ²sUmoGatμaGjmanrUbEtmYy³ dUecñH

manBN(RkhmBak´kNþal omancIBrBN(el]g kMBugeZVIkic©kar

ehIy cUlQanmþgeT[t ecjehIyKb|IGZidðanza ²sUm|IoGatμa

epSg> Kña mansUZünUvbT GZib|ayZm( sUZüedaysMeLg sYr

GjmanrUbEtmYy³ . Pikú¡enaHk*manrUbEtmYy CamYyKñanwgGZidðan

nUvbJØa edaHRsaynUvbJØa nig Gb´:Rt edrcIBr RClk´cIBr Ca

citþhñwgÉg . EtPikú¡enaH kalmineZVIy¨agenH xøÜnÉg k*CabuK<lEt

edIm ßza CaGñkR:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimμitehIyTaMgLaydéT

mñak´EmnBit edayGMNacénkalEdlxøÜnkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa .

eT[t omanRbkarepSg>ç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH ecjcakQanEdl

‘GaviPav:diharü tieraPav:diharü’

omansk´s,Úvr:y

Pikú¡TaMgLayenH

mancMnYnbu¨eNÑH

EtR:kdesμIedayPikú¡

CaTItaMgehIy Kb|IeZVIbrikmμ edayn&yza ²Pikú¡manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

‘242’ kñúgBaküza ²GaviPavM tieraPavM³ enH Kb|IRCabesckþI

cUrCaGñkbfmv&y³ dUecñHCaedIm cUlsmabtþimþgeT[t ecjehIy

enHza ²Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi eZVIomanPaBkñúgTIRsLH eZVIomanPaBkñúg

eTIbGZidðan . Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLayenaH k*nwg:n

TIxageRkA³ . EmnBit RBHsarIbuRt sMedAykkareZVInUvGaviPav;

dUcCaelakGñkmanb\TÆiR:zñaehIyRKb´Rbkar CamYynwgGZidðancitþ

nig tieraPav;enHÉg eTIbeBalkñúgbdismÖiTa za ²bTza GaviPavM

y¨agenaHÉg . n&y kñúgbTTaMgLaymanbTza ²sUm|ImanrUbeRcIn

esckþIza ‘eZVIo’ CaTIEdlvtæúGVImYyminraMg minbiT:Mg CaTIval

k*rYmmkEtrUbmYyvij:n³ dUecñHCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

CaTIc|as´las´ .

k*bu¨Enþn&y

viess mandUcteTAenH .

vtæúGVImYyraMg :Mg biT RKbehIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘ÉkPav:diharü’ Pikú¡enH luHnimμit oeTACamnusSeRcInnak´ y¨agenHehIy Kit za ²sUmoGatμaGj manrUbEtmYyvij mþgeT[t

bTza tieraPavM esckþIza ‘eZVIo’CaTIEdlman

nwgc®g,m nwgeZVI

‘GaviPav:diharü’ kñúg:diharüBIrenaH 1- suÇ xuÇ

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 270 .

manbMNgcg´eZVI nUv


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

GaviPav:diharü eZVInUvTIggwtomanBnøWkþI eZVInUvTIkM:MgoCaTIval

cMENk rhUtdl´RBhμelak . k*esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgo

kþI eZVInUvTIminmanrgVg´ oCaTImanrgVg´kþI . etIeZVIy¨agdUcemþc / .

Cak´c|as´ edaykalCaTIyagcuHcakeTvelak .

EmnBit Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH R:zñaedIm|InwgeZVInUvxøÜn ß nUvbuK<ldéT

:n»mkza RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´eZVInUvymk:diharüehIy

edayRbkarEdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéT sUm|IRtUvbiT:MgehIykþI sUm|I

RTg´edaHnUvBYkstVcMnYn 84ç000 ecjBIcMNgehIy RTg´rMBwgza

fitenAehIy kñúgTIqáaykþI k*emIleXIj:nEdr ecjBIQanEdl

²kñúgkalCaTIbMputénymk:diharü GtItBuTÆTaMgLay RTg´esþc

CaTItaMgehIy BicarNa eZVIbrikmμ za ²TIggwtenH cUrkøayeTACa

yageTAkñúgTINa³ dUecñHehIy RTg´:nTteXIjza ²GtItBuTÆTaMg

TImanBnøW³ dUecñHpg za ²TIkM:MgenH cUrkøayeTACaTIval³ dUecñHpg

Ly RTg´esþcyageTAkan´tavtigSBiPB³ . RKaenaH semþcRBHd*

za ²TIminmanvgVg´enH cUrkøayeTACaTImanrgVg´³ dUecñHpg ehIy

manRBHPaK RTg´Can´épÞEpndI edayRBH:Tm¡ag RBH:TTIBIr RTg´

eTIbGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg . RBmCamYy

RbtisðanelIPñMyuKnÆr RTg´elIkRBH:TmunmþgeT[t ehIIyRTg´Can´

nwgGZidðancitþ karGZidðan k*:nsMerc dUcEdlelak:nGZidðan

kMBUlPñMsienru RTg´yagcUleTAcaMRBHvsSa elIépÞénzμmNÐúkm¬l

ehIyEtmþg . CnTaMgLayGñkdéT sUm|IfitenAehIy kñúgTIqáay

kñúgPBtavtigSenaH RTg´R:rBÆsMEdgGPiZmμkza dl´BYkeTvtamYy

k*emIleXIj:n . sUm|IxøÜnÉg R:zñacg´eXIj k*eXIj:nEdr .

EsncRkvaL EdlmkRbCMuKñaehIy cab´epþImGMBIedIm ehIyRTg´

sYrza ² cuH:diharüenH GñkNaZøab´eZVIehIy/ ³ .

eqøIyza

nimμitnUvBuTÆnimμit .

BuTÆnimμitenaH sMEdgRBHZm( ‘CMnYsRBHGg<’ .

²RBHmanRBHPaK Zøab´eZVIehIy³ . EmnBit RBHd*manRBHPaK RtUv

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´esayeQIsÞn´Cavikar;énvløimøÚéRB RTg´Rsb´

nagculøsuPTÞa TUlnimnþehIy kalesþcyageTAkan´Rkugsaekt

RBHP®kþ kñúgGenattþRsH RTg´TTYlnUvbiNÐ:t kñúgBYkCnGñkenA

Gs´ry;pøÚv 7 eyaCn¾ GMBITIRkugsavtæI edaypÞHkMBUl500 Edl

kñúgótþrkuruTVIb RTg´esaycgØan´ enAEk|reqñrGenattþRsH . RBH

visSkmμeTvbuRtnimíμtzVay RTg´GZidðanehIy dUcEdlBYkCnGñkenA

sarIbutetær nimnþeTAzVaybgM<RBHmanRBHPaK kñúgTIenaH . RBHman

kñúgRkugsaekt emIleXIj nUvBYkCnGñkenAkñúgRkugsavtæI:n nig

RBHPaK RTg´RbTannUvn&y dl´RBHezr; za ²enAkñúgézáenH tzaKt

dUcEdlBYkCnGñkenAkñúgRkugsavtæI

sMEdgnUvRBHZm( manRbmaNbu¨eNÑHehIy³ .

emIleXIj

nUvBYkCnGñkenA

RBHd*manRBHPaK

kñuúgRkugsaekt:n y¨agenaHÉg . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´yagcuH

RTg´sMEdg nUvGPiZmμkza mindac´ry; rhUt 3 Ex y¨agenHÉg .

Rtg´kNþalnKrEtmþg

BYkeTvta 80 ekadi :nRtas´dwgZm( eRBaHsþab´GPiZmμkzaenaH .

ehIyRTg´sMEdg

TMlaynUvEpndI

CaBIr

cMENk rhUtTl´GvicInrk nig RTg´EvkbgØaj nUvGakas CaBIr

cMENkBYkbris&T RbmaN 12 eyaCn¾ EdlmkRbCMuKñaehIy kñúg


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ézásMEdgymkb|adiharü :nKitKña za ²BYkeyIg nwgCYbnUvRBH

zVaybgM<nUvRBHTsBlehIy cuHmktampøÚvEdlelaknimnþmkhñwg

manRBHPaK

k*:ne:HCMMrM

Ég :ndl´sMNak´ énmnusSTaMgLayehIy . kñúgkalCaTIeTA

:nbMerIBYkCnenaH

nig kalCaTImkenaHÉg RBHezr; :nGZidðanolμmEtmnusSTaMg

fitenAehIy

CamunsinehIyswmeTA³ .

dUecñHehIy

ÉculøGnazbiNÐikesdðIvij

edaybc©&yRKb´Ebby¨ag .

LayeXIjnUvelak:n . RBHmhaemaK<løanetær :neZVI:diharü

mnusSTaMgLay :nGgVrnUvRBHGnuruTÆetær edIm|Io:ndwgza

EdlmanPaBR:kdenH kñúgTIenHmun . RBHezr;enaH nimnþmkehIy

²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Kg´enAkñúgTINa³ . RBHezr; cMerInGaelak-

y¨agenH :nR:b´nUvdMNwgenaH ehIyeBalza ²GñkTaMgLaykMueZVI

ksiN :neXIjRBHmanRBHPaKEdlcUleTAKg´caMRBHvsSa kñúg

esckþIsMKal´za qáayGVI luHTTYlTan:yRBwkrYcehIy cUrecj

PBtavtigSenaH edayTiBVckú¡ luHeXIjehIy k*:nR:b´ehIy .

eTA³ dUecñH .

BYkmnusSTaMgenaH GgVrRBHmhaemaK<løanetær edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´R:b´esþceTvta RBHnamsk,; za

karzVaybgM< cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaK . RBHezr; muCERCkmhaRbwfBI

²bBiRtmharaC kñúgézáEsÁk tzaKt nwgeTAkan´mnusSelak³ .

Rtg´kNþalénbris&ThwñgÉg ERCknUvPñMsienru RkabzVaybgM< nUv

esþceTvta Rtas´bg<ab´visSkmμeTvbuRtza ²En: kñúgézáEsÁk RBH

RBH:TTaMgLayénRBHmanRBHPaK ehIyegIb eT[b:TmUlénRBH

d*manRBHPaK esþcR:zñayageTAkan´mnusSelak cUrGñknimμit nUv

tzaKt ehIyRkabTUlBaküenH nwgRBHmanRBHPaKza ²bBiRtRBH

reb[bénCeNþIrTaMgLay 3

Gg<d*cMerIn BYkCnGñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIb zVaybgM<RBH:Ta énRBHmanRBH

CaR:k´ CeNþIrmYyCaEkvmNI³ .

PaK niyayKñaza BYkeyIgxúM\ :neXIjehIyBit k*nwgeTAvij³

tamRBHtRmas´ehIy .

KW; CeNþIrmYyCamas

CeNþIrmYy

visSkmμeTvbuRtenaH :neZVI

dUecñH . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaK<løan «LÚvenH

kñúgézáTIBIr RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Kg´enAelIkMBUlPñMsienru RTg´

etIRBHZmμesnabtI bgRbusrbs´Gñk enAkñúgTINa /³ . RBHmha

TtRBHenRtemIlnUvelakZatu kñúgTisxagekIt . EsnéncRkvaL

emaK<løanRkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn enAkñúgsg,sSnKr³ .

TaMgLay minEtmYy CaTIRsLH R:kdehIy hak´bIdUcCaTIlan

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaK<løan CnTaMgLayNa cg´eXIj

EtmYy . k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´TtRBHenRteXIjnUvTIRsLHTaMg

tzaKt CnTaMgenaH cUrmkkan´sg,sSnKr kñúgézáEsÁkç tzaKt

Gs´

nwgcuHkñúgsg,sSnKr kñúgézáEsÁk kñúgézáCaTIeBjénmhabvarNa

TisxageCIg Tisxagt|Úg k*RTg´TtRBHenRteXIjnUvTIRsLH TaMg

nig ézáóe:sz ³ .

Gs´y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sUm|ITisxageRkam k*RTg´TtRBHenRteXIj

RBHezr; RkabTUlza ²RbéBehIy RBHGg<³

edayTisxagekIt

y¨agNamijç

sUm|IedayTisxaglic


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rhUtdl´GvIcInrk TisxagelI rhUtdl´GknidðPBn¾ . :n»za

CaedIm :neZVInUvpøit omanmuxcuHeRkamehIy . TIenaH CaTIlan

ézáenaH :neQμaHza CaézáebIkelak . ÉmnusSTaMgLay eXIj

EtmYy rhUtdl´GvicInrk . bnÞab´enaH RBHezr; :neZVInUvpøit o

nUveTvtaTaMgLayç ÉeTvtaTaMgLay k*eXIjnUvBYkmnusSEdr .

manmuxeLIgelIehIy . TIenaH :nCaTIlanEtmYy rhUtdl´eTA

kñúgkareXIjKñaenaH mnusSTaMgLay min:c´egIyemIlmk xag

RBhμelak . RBHezr; sMEdgnUvZm( KMram edayP&ykñúgnrkpg

elIeT

lYgelam edayesckþIsuxkñúgfansYK(pg . Gñksþab´BYkxøH :n

eTvtaTaMgLay

k*min:c´OnemIlmkxageRkamEdr

TaMg

CaRBHesatabnñbuK<l BYkxøH :nCaRBHskTaKamI BYkxøH :nCa

Gs´Kña emIleXIjKñaeTAvijeTAmk cMeBaHmuxEtmþg . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´yagcuH tamCeNþIr Cavikar;énEkvmNI Rtg´kNþalç BYkeTvtaCan´kamavcrsYK(TaMg 6 cuHtamCeNþIr Ca

RBHGnaKamI BYkxøH :nCaRBHGrhnþ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘tieraPav:diharü’

vikar;énmas Rtg´xageqVgç suTÆavasRBhμTaMgLay nig mha

cMENkPikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUv:diharüomanPaBCaxageRkA

RBhμTaMgLay cuHtamCeNþIr Cavikar;énR:k´ Rtg´EpñkxagsþaM .

rEmgeZVInUvTIvalRsLH oCaTIggwtxøH eZVInUvvtæúEdlminkM:Mg o

esþceTvta :nkan´yknUv:Rt nigcIBr . mhaRBhμ:nkan´yk

CavtæúEdlkM:MgxøH eZVInUvvtæúEdlmankñúgrgVg´ oCavtæúEdlminman

nUvesVtcäRt RbmaNbIeyaCn¾ . suyameTvbuRt :nkan´yknUv

kñúgrgVg´xøH . eZVIedayRbkardUcemþc/ . k*Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH man

pøitEdleZVIGMBIeramstV . bJ©six; buRtKnÆB :nkan´ykBiN

bMNgedIm|IeZVInUvxøÜn ß GñkdéT edayRbkarEdlxøÜn nig GñkdéT

manBN(el]g dUcCaEpøeBñATMu RbEvg 3 Kavut eZVInUvkarbUCa cMeBaH

minmanGVIbiT:MgkþI fitenAkñúgTICitkþI k*emIlmineXIjEdr ecjcak

RBHtzaKt cuHmk . eQμaHza stVEdleXIj nUvRBHmanRBHPaK

QanEdlCaTItaMgehIy k*nwkrMBwg eZVIbrikmμza ²TImanBnøWenH cUr

ehIy

min

eTACaTIggwt³ dUecñHkþI za ²TIEdlminbiT:MgenH cUreTACaTIbiT:Mg³

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVInUv:diharü omanPav;

dUecñHkþI za ²TIEdlmankñúgrgVg´enH cUreTACaTIminmankñúgrgVg´³ dUecñH

minjúaMgesckþIR:zñaoekIteLIg

maneLIy .

edIm|IPaBCaRBHBuTÆ

kþI ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdleBalmkehIynu@HÉg . RBmCamYy

kñúgTIRsLHenHehIy kñúgmhaRbCMuenaH . kñúg

nwgGZidðancitþ karGZidðank*:nsMerc dUcEdlelakGZidðanehIy

tm¬bNÑiTVIb Kg´kñúgRBHlanénectiy kñúgtisSmhavihar sMEdg

hñwgÉg . BYkCndéT sUm|IQrenAkñúgTICit k*emIlmineXIjEdr .

nUvGbNÑksURt za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡GñkRbkbehIy eday

cMENkxøÜnÉg minmanbMNgedIm|IeXIj k*emIlmineXIj .

mü¨ageT[t

RBHZmμTinñetær

GñkenAkñúgRsukeQμaHtLg<r

Zm(bIy¨ag eQμaHza CaGñkRbtibtþinUvesckþIRbtibtþiminxus³ dUecñH

sYrza ²cuHtieraPav:diharüenaH

etInrNa Zøab´eZVIehIy/³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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380

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eqøIyza ²RBHmanRBHPaK³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVI

R:kd eQμaHza tieraPav:dihariy¾ ‘:dihariy¾kñúgTIxageRkA’ .

nUvyskulbuRt

edayRbkarEdlbita

kñúgcMeNam:dihariy¾TaMg 2 enaH b\TÆipg buK<lGñkmanb\TÆipg

rbs´elak emIlelakmineXIj . dUcKñaenaHEdr RBHmanRBHPaK

rEmgR:kdEmnBit kñúg:kdb|adihariy¾ . :kdb|adihariy¾enaH

RTg´eZVI nUvkarTTYlRBHmhakbinraC Gs´ry;pøÚv 120 eyaCn¾

Kb|IsMEdg edayymkb|adihariy¾ . EmnBit kñúgymkb|adi-

ehIyjúaMgRBHGg<otaMgenAs)b´ kñúgGnaKamiplpg júaMgGamatü

hariy¾enaH RBHtzaKt RTg´eZVInUvymkb|adihariy¾ kñúgTIenH min

mYyBan´nak´

kñúgesatabtþiplpg

TYeTA edaysav&kTaMgLayeT . :dihariy¾TaMg 2 R:kdehIy

ehIyRTg´eZVIoRBHnagGenaCaeTvIRBmTaMgRsIþCabrivar 1ç000 nak´

y¨agenHKW; KMnrePøIg RbRBwtþeTAGMBIRBHkayxagelI T-Twk RbRBwtþ

Edlyagmk tamlMdab´pøÚv rbs´RBHmhakbinraCenaH sUm|Imk

eTA GMBIRBHkayxageRkam .

EdlKg´kñúgTICitenaHÉg

rbs´RBHGg<

otaMgenAs)b´

dl´ehIy Gg<úyenAkñuúgTICit TtemIlmineXIj nUvRBHraCa RBm TaMgbris&Tç

kalebIRBHnageTvITUlza

etI

manb\TÆi minR:kdeT . G:kdb|adihariy¾enaH Kb|IsMEdg eday

RBHGg<TteXIjRBHraCaEdrßeT/³ RTg´Rtas´za ²etIRBHnagEsVg

mhaksURt nig RBhμnimnþniksURt . EmnBit kñúg:dihariy¾Edl

rkRBHraCaRbesIrCag ßk* EsVgrkxøÜnRbesIrCag/³ kalRBHnag

eBalkñúgsURtTaMgBIrenaH b\TÆiEtmüa¨g rbs´RBHmhak;d*manGayu

TUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn EsVgrkxøÜnRbesIrCag³ dUecñHehIy

nig rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK rEmgR:kdç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi rEmgmin

RTg´Kg´ç eTIbRTg´sMEdgRBHZm( edayRbkarEdl ‘cb´Zm(eTsna

R:kdeT . smdUcCaelakeBalza ²luHcitþKhbtI Gg<úykñúg

ehIy’ RBHnageTvIRBmTaMg®sþI 1ç000 nak´ taMgenAs)b´ehIy

TId*smKYrehIy

kñúgesatabtþipl GamatüTaMgLay taMgenAs)b´ kñúgGnaKamipl

bBiRtelakd*cMerIn sUmRBHmhak;Cam©as´ sMEdgnUv«TÞi:diharü

RBHraCa taMgenAs)b´ kñúgRBHGrhtþ .

n&ymYyeT[t sUm|IRBH

CaZm(rbs´mnusSd*elIslub dl´x\úMkruNaoTan . RBHmhak;

mhinÞetær kaleZVIolμmEtRBHraCa TtmineXIjnUvCnd*essTaMg

eBalza mñalKhbtI ebIdUecñaH cUrGñkRkalsMBt´ótþrasg< RKb

Lay

elI:c´esμA BÆd*reb[g . citþKhbtI TTYlBakürbs´RBHmhak;

EdlmkCamYynwgRBHGg<

²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

b\TÆiEtmüa¨g rEmgR:kd kñuúgG:kdb|adihariy¾ç buK<lGñk

kñúgézáEdlmkdl´tm¬bNÑTVIb

ehIy k*eQμaHza :neZVItieraPav:dihariy¾enH dUcKañEdr . müa¨gvijeT[t

:dihariy¾

EdlR:kdTaMgGs´

GaviPav:dihariy¾ ‘:dihariy¾kñúgTIval’ .

eQμaHza

:dihariy¾ Edlmin

k*eBaleTAnwgRBHmhak;

d*manGayu

dUecñHza

d*manGayuza RBHkruNa elakm©as´ ehIyk*RkalsMBt´ótþrasg< RKbelI:c´esμA BÆd*reb[g . lMdab´enaH RBHmhak;d*manGayu cUleTAkan´vihar cak´KnøwHTVarehIy

k*tak´EtgnUv«TÆaPisg¡ar man


visuTÆimK< ERb

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382

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

sPaBdUecñaH bNþalomanGNþatePøIg ecjeTAtamRbehagkUn

²mineTIsTak´³ ERbza minCab´CMBak´ .

esapg tamcenøaHTVarpg eqHnUvesμATaMgLay EtmineqHnUvótþra-

Gakaes³ ERbza dUcCaeTA BÆd*Gakas .

sg<eLIy ‘1’ ³ .

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Baküza

R:zñacg´eTAy¨agenH

²esyüzabi

cUlGakask,siN

sURtmYyeT[tza RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡

ecjehIy BicarNanwkeTACJ¢aMg ß kMEBg ßk* kñúgcMeNamPñM

TaMgLay RKaenaHÉg tzaKtnimμitþnUv«TÆaPisg¡armansPaBdUecñaH

sienru nig PñMcRkvaL PñMNamYyk*:n eZVIbrikmμehIy Kb|IGZidðan

za RBhμ nig RBhμbris&T RBmTaMgRBhμ:risC¢a o»EtsMeLg

za ²sUmoRbeTsn@uHeTACaGakas³ . TIenaH k*køayeTACaGakas

rbs´tzaKtbu¨eNÑaH Etmin:neXIjnUvtzaKteLIy³ dUecñHehIy

Pñam . kalebIGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´cuHeTAxageRkamkþI R:zñacg´

RTg´:t´RBHGg<eTAehIy RTg´:nRtas´nUvRBHKazaenH za ;

eLIgeTAxagelIkþI k*manRbehag ‘ebIko’ . sMrab´Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´TMluHehIyeTA EtgmanRbehag . Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eTA

tzaKteXIjP&ykñúgPBpg eXIjnUvBYkstVEdlkMBug EsVgrknUvPBpg

ehIymin:neBalsresIr

kñúgRbehagenaH mineTIsTak´eLIy .

KWmin

EsVgrkPBNamYy TaMgminRbkan´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr ‘kñúgPB’ eLIy

‘2’

cMENkRBHtibidkcULaPyetær eBalehIykñúgkareZVI:diharü

³ .

enHza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay karcUlGakask,siN manGVICa RbeyaCn¾ ‘manGVICaGanisgS’ buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|Inimμit

‘edIrTMluHvtæúbiT:MgmanCJ¢aMgCaedIm:n’ ‘243’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúg:diharüenH za ²buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi edIr ‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIeRkACJ¢aMg TIeRkAkMEBg TIeRkAPñM mineTIsTak´ dUceKedIrkñúgGakas³ dUcteTAenH . bTza

²tierakuDÐM³ ERbza xageRkACJ¢aMg . GZib|ayza

nUvrUbepSg> manrUbdMrI nig esHCaedIm k*cUlksiNmandMrI nig esHCaedIm ERkgPav;CaGñksÞat´CMnaj kñúgsmabtþi 8 eRBaHeZVI nUvbrikmμ kñúgksiNNamYyenaHÉg CaRbmaNç GñksÞat´CMnaj kñúgsmabtþi 8 R:zñavtúæGVI> vtúæenaH> k*sMercÉgminEmneTß/ ³ .

cMENkxageRkAénCJ¢aMg . kñúgbTTaMgLayÉeT[tk*n&yenHEdr .

Pikú¡TaMgLay eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn

ÉBaküza ²CJ¢aMg³ enH KWCaeQμaHénCJ¢aMgpÞH . bTza ²kMEBg³

Ég mkehIykñúg:lI eRBaHehtuenaH karcUlGakask,siNenaH

KWkMEBgCuMvijénTITaMgLaymanpÞH vihar nigRsukCaedIm .

Kb|IeBaledayBit³ .

²PñM³ :ndl´ PñMEdlsuTÆEtGacm¾dI ß PñMEdlsuTÆEtzμ . 1- suÇ sMÇ KaKTI36

bTza bTza

TMB&rTI 193 . 2-suÇ PaKTI22 TMB&rTI 373 .

Gakask,siNhñwg

enHCa:lI kñúgGakask,siNenaHza ;

²Pikú¡Gñk:nnUvsmabtþi manGakask,siNCaGarmμN¾ eday RbRktI Etgnwkcg´eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg

TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxag


visuTÆimK< ERb

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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eRkAPñM luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðanedayjaNza sUmoRbeTsnu@H

karmuCcuHeTAkñúgEpndIk*:n³ enHdUcteTA . kareRkakeLIg elak

eTACaGakas³ dUecñHç TIenaH k*:neTACaGakasç

Pikú¡enaH k*edIr

ehAza karegIbeLIg . karliccuH elakehAzakarmuCcuH . kar

‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxageRkAPñM min

egIbeLIgpg karmuCcuHpg eQμaHza karegIbeLIg nig karmuCcuH .

eTIsTak´ dUcBYkmnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI kaledIreTA

Pikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|InwgeZVIy¨agenH cUlGae:ksiNehIyecj Kb|I

minCab´CMBak´ kñúgTIEdlminmanvtæúGVImYy raMg biT:MgeLIyç ÉPikú¡

eZVIbrikmμkMNt´za ²EpndI kñúgTImanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH cUreTACaTwkcuH³

Edlmanb\TÆi dl´ehIy nUvkarsÞat´CMnaj kñúgcitþenaH EtgedIr

ehIy Kb|IGZidðan tamn&yEdl:neBalehIyhñwgÉg . CamYy

‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxageRkAPñM min

nwgkarGZidðan

eTIsTak´ dUcCaeKedIreTA kñúgGakas y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

CaTwkvij . Pikú¡enaHeZVInUvkaregIbeLIgnigkarmuCcuHkñúgdIenaH:n .

dIkñúgTIEdlelakkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa

k*:neTA

sYrza ²RbsinebIPikú¡enaH GZidðanehIy kMBugEtedIreTAç PñMkþI

:lI kñúgGae:ksiNenaHdUecñHza ²Pikú¡Edl:nnUvsmabtþi

edImeQIkþI puseLIgkñúgcenøaHç Pikú¡Kb|IcUlehIy GZidðanmþgeT[t

manGae:ksiNCaGarmμN¾ edayRbRktI Etgnwkcg´edk kñúgdI

ß/³ . eqøIyza ²minmaneTaseT³ . eRBaHza karcUlsmabtþi

luHnwkehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo‘EpndIRtg´enH’ eTA

ehIyGZidðanmþgeT[t CakarcUlRbEhlKñanwgkarTTYlnUvnisS&y

CaTwk³ dUecñHç TIenaH k*:neTACaTwkç

kñúgsMNak´énRBHóbCÄay¾ .

k*eRBaHPav;énPñMenaH Pikú¡enHGZidðan

kñúgEpndI dUcBYkmnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI eZVInUvkaregIb

ehIyza ²PñMcUreTACaGakas³ dUecñH PñMk*:neTACaGakashñwgÉg .

muckñúgTwkç ÉPikú¡Edlmanb\TÆi dl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnaj kñúgcitþ

k*BaküEdlza ²PñM ß edImeQI déTeT[t EdlsMercGMBIrdUv nwg duHeLIgkñúgcenøaH edaykMLaMgénkarGZidðan kñúgxagedIm rbs´Pikú¡ enaHÉg³ dUecñHenH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT . karnimμitdMbUgEdl Gñkmanb\TÆiNamYynimμitehIy Canimμitd*mankMLaMg . karnimμitxag eRkay Kb|IeTABÆd*xagelI ß xageRkam énTImanPñMCaedImenaH .

‘egIb nig muCkñúgEpndI:n’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI 1- suÇ

xuÇ

kñúg:diharüza

bdiÇ KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 270 .

²karegIbeLIg nig

Pikú¡enaH k*eZVInUvkaregIbmuC

enaH EtgeZVInUvkaregIbmuC kñúgEpndI dUcCaeKegIbmuCkñúgTwk:n k* y¨agenaHÉg³ . mYyeT[t minEmnRKan´EtkaregIbeLIg nig muCcuH bu¨eNÑaHeTç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvkic©Na> kñúgkic©TaMgLaymanTwksMrab´ gUt

sMrab´lubmux

sMrab´e:kKk´

nUvPNÐ;CaedIm

k*eZVInUvkic©

enaH> :n . müa¨geT[t minEmnRtwmEtTwkbu¨eNÑaHeT kalebIPikú¡ Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvvtæúNa> sUm|IkñúgvtæúTaMgLay manTwkedaHzøa eRbg TwkXμMú nigs,rGMeBACaedIm

k*nwkBicarNanUvvtæúenaH> ehIy


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eZVIbrikmμza ²vtæúenHpg> cUreTACavtæúmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHcuH³ dUecñH

dUecñHehIy Kb|IGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg .

ehIyGZidðanç vtæúenaH k*:ndUcEdlelakGZidðanehIyhñwgÉg .

RBmCamYynwgkarGZidðan TwkkñúgTIEdlelakkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa

kalPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi dkecjehIy eZVIoeTACaPaCn¾ç TwkedaHzøa k*

k*eTACadIEmnBit .

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH k*edIrelIdIenaH .

rEmgeTACaTwkedaHzøaEmnBitç vtæúTaMgLay maneRbgCaedIm rEmg

enHKWCa:lI kñúgkarGZidðanenaHza ²Pikú¡:nnUvsmabtþi man

CavtæúmaneRbgCaedImEmnBitç Twk k*rEmgCaTwkEmnBit . kñúgTwk

bfvIksiNCaGarmμN¾ edayRbRktI Etgnwkcg´edIrelITwk luHnwk

enaH Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH R:zñacg´TTwkenaHÉg eTIbTTwkç minR:zña

cg´ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo ‘TwkRtg´TIenH’ eTACa

cg´oTTwk k*minTTwkEdr . mYyeT[t EpndIenaH CaTwksMrab´Pikú¡

EpndI³ dUecñHç Twkk*eTACaEpndI Pikú¡enaHedIrelITwkminEbkZøay dUc

Gñkmanb\TÆiEtbu¨eNÑaH . CaEpndIsMrab´Cnd*essdEdl . kñúg

BYkmnusSminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI edIrelIEpndIminEbkZøay y¨ag

EpndIRtg´enaH BYkmnusSsUm|ICaGñkezμIreCIg k*edIreTA:n EtgedIr

Naç ÉPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi dl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH edIr

eTA edayvahn;TaMgLaymanyanCaedImk*:n EtgeZVInUvkmμTaMg

eTAelITwkminEbkZøay dUceKedIrelIEpndI y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

Lay manksikmμCaedImk*:nEmnBit . RbsinNaebI Gñkman

minRtwmEtedIeTA:nbu¨eNÑaHeTç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´:n

b\TÆienH R:zñaza ²‘dIRtg´enaH’ cUrCaTwk sMrab´mnusSTaMgLay

nUv«riyabzNa> k*eZVInUv«riybzenaH>:n . minRtwmEteZVITwko

enaHpgcuH³ dUecñHç k*eTACaTwkEmnBit . cMENkÉ TIEdlelak

eTACadI:nbu¨eNÑaHeTç sUm|IkñúgvtæúTaMgLay manEkvmNI mas PñM

kMNt´ehIyd*ess elIkElgEtTwk kñúgTITaMgLay mankÁm nig

nig edImeQICaedIm buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñavtæúNa> k*BicarNa

RtBaMgCaedImEdlmanenAtamRbRktI eRBaHknøgnUvkalEdlelak

nUvvtæúenaH> ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdl:neBalehIyhñwgÉg .

kMNt´ehIy rEmgCadIdEdl .

vtúæTaMgenaH k*sMercdUcEdlelakGZidðanEmnBit . k*TwkenaH eTA

‘edIrelITwkminEbkZøay:n’

CadI sMrab´EtGñkmanb\TÆienaHbu¨eNÑaHeTç sMrab´Cnd*ess Kg´enA

‘244’ kñúg:diharüenHza ²edIrelITwkminEbkZøay:n³ enH

CaTwkdEdl . RtIGeNþIk nig stVTaMgLaymanstVEdlekItkñúg

manesckþIGZib|ayza ; buK<lCan´licehIynUvTwkNaç TwkenaH

TwkCaedIm Rtac´eTAepSg> Kña tamesckþIKab´citþ . k*RbsinebI

elakehAza TwkEbk . TwkpÞúyGMBIenH eQμaHzaTwkminEbk . ebI

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienH

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|IedIreTAy¨agenH cUlbfvIksiN ecj

TaMgLaydéTeT[t k*eZVI:nEmnBit .

ehIyeZVInUvbrikmμkMNt´za ²TwkkñúgTIRbmaNbu¨eNÑH cUreTACadIcuH³

1- suÇ

xuÇ

R:zñaedIm|IeZVITwkenaHoeTACadI

edIm|ImnusS

k*edaykarknøgkalEdl

bdiÇ KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 272 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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elak:nkMNt´ehIy TwkenaH k*eTACaTwkvijdEdl .

‘eTATaMgEPñnkñúgGakas:n’

388

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

dUcbkSIskuNCati y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ . cMENkPikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|IeTABÆd*Gakas Kb|ICaGñk:nnUvTiBV

Baküza ²eTATaMgbløg,³ esckþIza eTATaMgEPñn:n . Bakü

ckú¡pgEdr . sYrza; eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eqøIøyza; ZmμCatiTaMgLay

za ²bkI¡ skueNa³ ERbzastVsøabEdlRbkbedaysøabTaMg2 .

manPñM nig edImeQICaedIm EdlekIteLIgedayGMNacrdUv k*man

k*Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆiR:zñaedIm|IeZVIy¨agenH

cUlbfvIksiNecjehIy

xøH kñúgcenøaH‘pøÚv’ç stVTaMgLay mannaK nig RKuDCaedIm kal

zaebIxøÜnGg<úyehIy R:zñaedIm|IeTA k*Kb|IkMNt´ nUvTImanEPñnCa

RcENn Etgnimμit edIm|IsMEdgdl´Gñkmanb\TÆiTaMgenaHxøH . sYrza

RbmaN eZVIbrikmμ ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy

cuHGñkmanb\TÆi eXIjnUvstVTaMgenaHehIy etIRtUveZVIdUcemþcEdr/ .

hñwgÉgç zaebIxøÜnedkehIy CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeTA Kb|IkMNt´TIman

eqøIyza;

ERKCaRbmaN zaebIxøÜnCaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeTAedayeCIg Kb|IkMNt´

ecjehIy eZVIbrikmμ GZidðanza ²sUmovtæúenaHeTACaGakascuH³ .

TImanpøÚvCaRbmaN eZVInUvbrikmμ ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdlelak

cMENkRBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay karcUl

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

Kb|IcUlsmabtþi

manQanCaTItaMg

Kb|IkMNt´TItamsmKYry¨ag

smabtþi manGVICaRbeyaCn¾ç ERkgcitþrbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH taMg

enHehIy GZidðanza ²Gakas cUreTACaEpndI³ dUecñH tamn&yEdl

enAmaMehIyEmnBitç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH GZidðannUvTINa> eday

elakeBalehIyEmnBit . CamYynwgkarGZidðan Gakas rEmg

citþenaHza ²cUreTACaGakas³ dUecñHç TIenaH> :neTACaGakasEmn

eTACadIvij . :lI kñúg:diharüenaH mandUcteTAenH ;

Bit minEmneTß/³ . RBHezr; eBalehIyy¨agenHk*BitEmnehIy

eBalehIyhñwgÉg

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza ²eTATaMgEPñnkñúgGakasdUcbkSIskuNCati³ esckþI za Pikú¡GñkEdl:nnUvsmabtþi manbfvIksiNCaGarmμN¾ eday

EtebITukCay¨agdUecñaH k*Kb|IRbtibtþi tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúgtierakuDÐ:diharüÉeNaH .

RbRktI Etgnwkcg´edIrkñúgGakas luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðan eday

müa¨geT[t Pikú¡enH Kb|ICaGñk:nnUvTiBVckú¡ edIm|IkiriyacuH kñúg

jaNza ²sUmoGakaseTACaEpndI³ dUecñH Gakask*eTACaEpndIç

TIEdlCaOkask*:n . eRBaHza Pikú¡enH zaebI cuHkñúgTIminEmnCa

Pikú¡enaH edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykIþ sigkþI kñúgGakasTeT:n dUcBYk

Okas CakMBg´sMrab´gUtkþI CaTVarénRsukkþI KWCaGñkR:kd dl´

mnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykþI edkkþI

mhaCn eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH eXIj ‘nUvOkas’ edayTiBVckú¡

elIEpndI y¨agNaç ÉPikú¡Edlmanb\TÆi :ndl´ehIy nUvkarsÞat´

ehIy ev[rnUvTIminEmnCaOkas ehIycuHkñúgTIEdlCaOkas .

CMnaj

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

kñúgcitþenaH edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykþI

sigkþI

kñúgGakasTeT

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 272 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘ykédsÞabGEgÁlRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitük*:n’ kñúg:diharüenHza ²ykédsÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBH GaTitüTaMgenH

Edlmanb\TÆieRcIny¨agenH

manGanuPaBeRcIny¨ag

enH³ manGZib|ayza; PaBénRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü manb\TÆieRcIn

390

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

minmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvvtæúGVInImYy Carbs´ manrUb taMgenAkñúghtæ:s y¨agNaç

ÉPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi :ndl´

ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH CaGñkGg<úy ß sig ykédeTA Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü k*y¨agenaHÉg .

bNiÐtKb|IRCab edaykiriyaRtac´eTA BÆd*xagelIEpndI Edlman

Pikú¡Edlmanb\TÆienHenaH zaebIR:zña edIm|IeTAsÞabGEgÁl ‘nUv

RbmaNCa 42ç000 eyaCn¾ç PaBénRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü man

RBHc&nÞ nigRBHGaTitü’ k*eTAsÞabGEgÁl:nç Etza ebICaGñkGg<úy

GanuPaBeRcIn bNÐitKb|IRCab eRBaHkiriyaeZVInUvBnøW kñúgTVIbTaMg 3

kþI sigkþI R:zñacg´sÞabGEgÁl kñúgTIenHÉg GZidðanza ²RBHc&nÞ

kñúgxN;EtmYy . mYyvijeT[t eQμaHza manb\TÆieRcIn eRBaHkar

nig RBHGaTitü cUrmankñúghtæ:s³ . Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sÞab

Rtac´eTA BÆd*xagelI‘EpndI’ nig eZVInUvBnøW y¨agenH:nç eQμaHza

GEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nigRBHGaTitü EdlmkfitenAehIykñúghtæ:s

manGanuPaBeRcIn eRBaHPav;énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüenaH manb\TÆi

edaykMLaMgénkarGZidðank*:n dUcCaeKsÞabGEgÁlEpøetñat Edl

eRcInenaHÉg . bTza ²bramC¢ti³ KW sÞabGEgÁl edayCMuvij dUc

rebHcakTg y¨agenaHÉg ß lUkédcab´k*:n . sYrza ²kalGñkmanb\TiÆlUkeTAç

CaeKsÞabGEgÁlnUvépÞénkJ©k´ .

rUbEdlmanviJ¦aNRbkan´

k*b\TÆienH rbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH rEmgsMerc edayGMNac

yklUt ß rUbEdlminmanviJ¦aNRbkan´yklUt/³ . eqøIyza

énQanEdlmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgEtmüa¨g . karkMNt´edayksiN

²eRBaHGaRs&yó:TinñkrUb eTIbGnu:TinñkrUblUt³ . kñúgó:Tinñk;

smabtþi kñúgb\TÆienaH minmaneT . smdUcRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy

nigGnu:Tinñk;enaH RBHtibidkcULnaKetær eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

kñúgbdismÖiTaza; bTza ²«embi

cnÞimsuriey .eb. brimC¢ti³

TaMgLay k*ó:TinñkrUb Carbs´tUcxøH ZMMxøH min:neTß/ ERkgkñúg

manesckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi kñúgsasnaenH Edl:ndl´ehIy

eBlNa Pikú¡ ‘sMEdgb\TÆi’ ecjeTAtamRbehagTaMgLay man

nUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH nwkcg´sÞabGEgÁlnUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBH

RbehagesaCaedIm:n kñúgeBlenaH ó:TinñkrUb Carbs´tUc:n

GaTitü luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo‘RBHc&nÞ

kñúgeBlNa Pikú¡eZVIGtþPaBoZM kñúgeBlenaH ó:TinñkrUb k*eTACa

ß RBHGaTitü’ mkenAkñúghtæ:s³ dUecñHç ‘RBHc&nÞ ß RBHGaTitü’

ZM:n dUcó:TinñkrUb rbs´RBHmhaemaK<løanetærminEmneTß/³ .

‘er]gnenÞabnnÞnaKraC’

k*:nmkenAkñúghtæ:sç Pikú¡enaH CaGñkGg<úy ß sig ykédeTA Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü:n dUcBYkmnusSEdl

:n»za

sm&ymYy

GnazbiNÐikKhbtI sþab´ZmμeTsna


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKehIy RkabTUlnimnþza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

Can´tavtþigS CamYynwgPikú¡ 500 Gg< tamkMBUlénBitanrbs´esþc

kñúgézáEsÁk sUmRBHGg<TTYlnUvP&tþ kñúgpÞHrbs´eyIgx\úMRBHGg< mYy

naKraCenaHÉg .

GenøIedayPikú¡ 500 Gg<³ dUecñHehIy k*ec[secjeTA . RBHd*

k*kñúgsm&yenaH Tidði d*GaRkk´ mansPaBEbbenH ekIteLIg

manRBHPaK RTg´TTYlnimnþehIy RTg´júaMgcMENkénraRtI kñúgézá

ehIy dl´nenÞabnnÞnaKraCza ²minKYrebIBYksmN; RtegalTaMg

enaH oknøgeTAehIy eTIbRTg´RbemIlemIlnUvelakZatumYyhμWn

enH cUl> ecj> PBtavtþigS rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay tamPBxag

kñúgbc©Ússm&y . RKaenaH naKraCeQμaHnenÞabnnÞ; mkkan´rgVg´

elIrbs´BYkeyIgeTç «LÚvenH cab´taMgBIézáenHteTA Gjnwgmino

RBHckú¡ kñúgRbZanénjaN rbs´RBHGg< . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

BYksmN;RtegalTaMgenH eTAerayZUlIeCIg elIk|alrbs´BYk

rMBwgemIlza ²naKraC eQμaHnenÞabnnÞ;enH mkkan´rgVg´ckú¡ kñúg

eyIg:neT³ . naKraCenaH eRkakeLIgehIy eTAkan´eCIgPñMsienru

RbZanénjaN rbs´tzaKt . etIóbnisS&y rbs´naKraCenH

lHbg´nUvGtþPaBenaH B&TÆB&nÆnUvPñMsienru 7 CMu edayEPñnTaMgLay

manEdrßhñ@/³ dUecñH k*RTg´TteXIjza ²naKraCenH CamicäaTidði min

dkBBar BÆd*xagelI cab´ykPBCan´tavtþigS edayBBarEdlRKb

RCHzøakñúgRBHéRtr&tñeT³ RTg´rMBwgemIlza ²GñkNaeTAhñ@ Kb|IrMgab´

Cit dl´ehIynUvkaremIlmineXIj .

naKraCenH ecjGMBImicäaTidði:n/³ k*RTg´:nTteXIj nUvRBHmha

RKaenaHÉg RBHrdð:l d*manGayu :nRkabTUlnUvBaküenH

emaK<løanetær . lMdab´enaH nakalraRtIPøWc|as´ehIy RBHmanRBH

cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaKza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn kñúgkalmun x\úMRBH

PaK RTg´eZVInUvkarCMrHRBHsrIr; ehIyRTg´Rtas´ehARBHGannÞd*man

Gg<QrenAkñúgRbeTsenH emIleXIjPñMsienru eXIjsienrubriPNÐ

Gayumkza ²mñalGannÞ cUrGñkR:b´Pikú¡ 500 rUb za tzaKt eTA

eXIjPBtavtþigS eXIjevCynþR:saT eXIjTg´xagelIevCynþ

kan´eTvcarik³ .

R:saTç bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIGVIeTAhñ@Caehtu GVIeTAhñ@Cabc©&y

k*kñúgézáenaH BYknaKraC :ncat´EcknUvTIsMrab´sIupwk sMrab´ nenÞabnnÞnaKraC . esþcnaKraCenaH manesVtcä&Rtd*CaTiBV:Mg KW

kñúgkal«LÚvenH Edlminox\úMRBHGg<emIleXIjnUvPñMsienru .l. minox\úMRBHGg<emIleXIjTg´ elIevCynþR:saTenaH/³ .

BYkGñkr:M 3 Rkum nig naKbris&TecameramehIy CaGñkEBnemIl

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalrdð:l naKraC eQμaH

nUvviZIesay:ynigTwk EdleKdak´ehIy elIPaCn;TiBVTaMgLay

nenÞabnnÞ;enH eRkaZxwgcMeBaHBYkGñk B&TÆPñMsienru edayEPñnTaMg

elIrtnbløg,d*CaTiBV . RKaenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eZVIolμmEt

Lay 7 CMu :MgedayBBar xagelI eZVIoggwt QrenAehIy³ .

naKraCemIleXIj RTg´yageTA manRBHP®kþeq¬aHeTAkan´eTvelak

RBHrdð:l

RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHGg< nwg


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394

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TUnμannUvnaKraCenaH³ . RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´GnuJ¦ateLIy .

RBHezr; lHnUvGtþPaBenaHehIy cUleTA tamrnÆRtec[kxagsþaM

RKaenaH Pikú¡TaMgGs´Gg< KW; RBHPTiÞy;d*manGayu RBHrahuld*man

rbs´naKraCenaHehIy ecjeTAvij tamrnÆRtec[kxageqVg . RBH

Gayu eRkakeLIgehIy tamlMdab´ .

RBHd*manRBHPaK minRTg´

ezr; cUleTA tamrnÆRtec[kxageqVg ehIyecjeTAvij tamrnÆ

GnuJ¦ateLIy . kñúgTIbMput RBHmhaemaK<løanetær RkabTUlza

Rtec[kxagsþaM . RBHezr; cUleTAtamrnÆRcmuHxagsþaM ehIyecj

²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHGg<nwgTUnμan³ . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

eTAvij tamrnÆRcmuHxageqVgdUcKña . elakcUleTA tamrnÆRcmuH

GnuJ¦atehIyza ²mñalemaK<løan cUrGñkTUnμancuH³ .

xageqVg ehIyecjeTAvij tamrnÆRcmuHxagsþaM . lMdab´enaH naK

RBHezr; lHbg´nUvGtþPaB nimμitnUvePTCaesþcnaKd*ZM rMuB&TÆ

raC ebIkmat´ehIy . RBHezr; cUleTA tammat´ehIy edIrc®g,m

esþcnaKeQμaHnenÞabnnÞ; edayEPñn Gs´var; 14 dg dak´BBar

eTAmk tamTisxagekIt nig Tisxaglic xagkñúgeBaH‘naKraC’ .

rbs´xøÜn elIk|alénBBarnenÞabnnÞnaKraCenaH ek[brwtehIy Ca

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaKøløan cUrGñkeZIVTukkñúgcitþ

mYynwgPñMsienru . naKraC bgØúyEpSgehIy . cMENkRBHezr;

za naKraCenH CaGñkmanb\TiÆeRcIn³ . RBHezr; TUlza ²bBiRtRBH

eBalza ²minEmnEpSgmanEtkñúgsrIr;rbs´GñkEtbueNÑaHeTç sUm|I

Gg<d*cMerIn «TiÆ:TTaMg 4 KWx\MúRBHGg<cMerInehIy eZVIoeRcInehIy

kñúgsrIr;rbs´eyIgk*mandUcKñaEdr³ dUecñH bgØúyEpSgehIy. EpSg

eZVIodUcCayan eZVIoCaTItaMgehIy eZVIminokMerIkehIy eZVIozñwk

rbs´naKraC mineb[teb[nRBHezr;eTç EtEpSgrbs´RBHezr; eb[t

ehIy R:rBÆlÁehIyç bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn nenÞabnnÞ; cUrfitenA

eb[nnUvnaKraC . lMdab´enaH naKraC RBYsePøIgehIy . ÉRBH

cuHç xú\MRBHGg< Kb|ITUnμanTaMgry TaMgBan´ TaMgEsn énnaKraCTaMg

ezr;eBalza ²minEmnmanePøIgEtkñúgsrIr; rbs´GñkEtmñak´ÉgeTç

Lay dUcCanenÞabnnÞnaKraC:n³ .

sUm|IkñúgsrIr;rbs´eyIgk*manePøIgdUcKña³dUecñH beJ©jePøIgehIy.

ÉnaKraC Kitza ²smN;enH kalcUleTA KWGjmineXIj

ePøIgrbs´naKraC mineb[teb[nnUvRBHezr;eTç EtePøIgrbs´RBHezr;

munk*huyeTAcuH kñúgeBlecjmkvij «LÚvenH GjnwgRt:k´nUv

eb[teb[nnaKraC . naKraC Kitza ²smN;enH ek[brwtGj Ca

smN;enaH Rtg´cenøaHéncg,Úm ehIynwgTMBaoexÞc³ dUecñHehIy

mYynwgPñMsienru ehIybgØúyEpSgpg beJ©jePøIgpg³ dUecñHehIy

eBalza

sYrza ²Enelakd*cMerIn GñkCaGñkNa/³ . RBHezr; eBalza ²En

sUmkMuedIreTAmk

nnÞ; GatμahñwgÉg CaemaK<løan;³ . naKraCTUlza ²bBiRtelak

:necjmkeTAQrenAxageRkAehIy . naKraC eXIjza ²enHKW

m©as´d*cMerIn sUmelakm©as´fitenA edayPaBénxøÜnCaPikú¡cuH³ .

elak³ ElgeTAehIynUvxül´kñúgRcmuH . RBHezr; cUlehIynUv

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn xagkñúgeBaH

sUmelakm©as´nimnþecjmk

eZVIox\úMlM:keLIy³

.

RBHezr;


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ctutæCÄan . xül´minGac edIm|IjúaMgsUm|InUvreNþAéneramrbs´RBH

:nCaRBHGg<RTg´yagmkTaMgézáRtg´/³ . RBHsasþa RTg´Rtas´za

ezr;enaH okMerIk:neLIy .

²s®g<am:nekItehIydl´mhaemaK<løan nignenÞabnnÞnaKraC³ .

:n»mkza Pikú¡d*essTaMgLay minGacedIm|IeZVInUv:diharü

esdðI RkabTUlsYrza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIGñkNamanC&yCMnH

TaMgBYg:n cab´taMgEtGMBIedImmkç Etdl´TIenH Pikú¡BYkd*ess k*

GñkNacaj´/³ . RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²emaK<løan manC&yCMnH

nwgminGacedIm|ICaGñkcUlsmabtþiy¨agqab´rh&sy¨agenH:neT

nenÞabnnÞ;caj´³ . GnazbiNÐikesdðI RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´GnuJ¦atnUvkarTUnμannaKraC

d*cMerIn sUmRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´TTYlnUvP&tþ rbs´TUlRBHbg<M tam

dl´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH .

lMdab´énPaCn¾mYy Gs´ 7 ézáç x\úMRBHGg< nwgeZVInUvsk,ar; dl´RBH

naKraC Kitza ²GjminGac edIm|IjúaMgsUm|IRtwmEtreNþA én eram rbs´smN;enH okMerIk edayxül´kñúgRcmuH :neLIyç

ezr; rhUt 7 ézá³ :neZVIehIynUvsk,ar;d*eRcIn cMeBaHPikú¡ 500 Gg< manRBHBuTÆCaRbZan Gs´ 7 ézá .

smN; manb\TÆieRcIn³ dUecñH . RBHezr; lHbg´nUvGtþPaB nimμit

Baküza ²kñúgeBlNa Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi eZVInUvGtþPaBoZM kñúg

CarUbRKuD ehIysMEdgnUvxül´énRKuD edjCab´tamnaKraCehIy.

eBlenaH GtþPaB:nCaZM dUcGtþPaBrbs´RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

naKraC lHbg´nUvGtþPaBenaH nimμitnUvePTCamaNB ehIyeBal

y¨agenaHÉg³ enH KWRBHtibidkcULnaKetær eBalehIysMedAyk

za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMsUmdl´elakm©as´CaTIBwgTIrlwk³

nUvGtþPaBd*ZM EdlRBHmhaemaK<løanetæreZVIehIy kñúgkarTUnμannUv

dUecñH zVaybg<MehIy nUvRBH:TTaMgLayrbs´RBHezr; . RBHezr;

nenÞabnnÞnaKraCenH edayRbkardUecñHÉg . kalebIelakeBal

eBalza ²EnnnÞ; RBHsasþaesþcyagmkehIyç GñkcUrmk eyIg

ehIyy¨agenHç Pikú¡TaMgLay eBalza ²Gnu:TinñkrUbhñwgÉg Etg

nwgeTA³ dUecñHehIy TUnμannaKraC eZVIminomanButt|útehIy :n

cMerIn eRBaHGaRs&ynUvó:TinñkrUb³ . k*vaT; rbs´Pikú¡TaMgLay

naMykeTAkan´sMNak´ énRBHmanRBHPaK . naKraC zVaybgM<RBH

enHÉg CaesckþIRtwmRtUv kñúg:diharünu@H .

manRBHPaKehIy RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNa

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH luHeZVIy¨agenHehIy minEmnRKan´EtsÞab

sUmdl´nUvRBHGg<CaTIBwgTIrlwk³ . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

GEgÁlnUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüTaMgLayEtbu¨eNÑaHeT zaebIR:zña

²mñalnaKraC cUrGñkmanesckþIsuxcuH³ RTg´manPikú¡sg¹ecameram

eZVInUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü oeTACaRCj´sMrab´RTeCIg ehIydak´

ehIy :nesþcyageTAkan´nievsn¾ énGnazbiNÐikesdðI .

eCIg ‘elIRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitüenaHk*:n’ç eZVIoeTACataMg ehIy

GnazbiNÐikesdðI

RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn ehtuGVI

Gg<úyk*:nç eZVIoeTACaERKedkk*:nç eZVI ‘RBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü’


visuTÆimK< ERb oeTACaPñak´édsMrab´EpÁk ehIyEpÁkk*:n .

397

398

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

k*buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

enAkñúgTIqáayç ‘vtæúenaH’ k*taMgenAkñúgTIqáayk*:nç GZidðan nUvvtæú

mYyrUb eZVI:ny¨agNaç sUm|IbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆidéTeT[t k*eZVI:n

eRcIn oeTACavtæúticza sUmovtæúenHmancMnYntic vtæúenaH k*eTACa

y¨agenaHEdr . EmnBit nakalBYkPikú¡sUm|IeRcInEsnrUb eZVIy¨ag

vtæútick*:nç GZidðannUvvtæútic oeTACavtæúeRcInza sUmovtæúenHeTA

enHç :diharü rEmgsMerc dl´bNþaPikú¡TaMgLayenaH Pikú¡mYy

CavtæúeRcInç vtæúenaH k*eTACavtæúeRcInk*:nç ‘Pikú¡enaH’ eXIjc|as´

rUb> dUcKñaEdr nig dMeNIreTAkþI kareZVInUvBnøWkþI rbs´RBHc&nÞ nigRBH

nUvrUbénRBhμenaH edayckú¡dUcCaTiBV »sMeLgénRBhμenaH eday

GaTitü EtgmandUcKñapgEdr . eRb[bdUcCa kalebIBagTwkmYy

esatZatudUcCaTiBV dwgc|as´nUvcitþ énRBhμenaH edayjaNCa

Ban´ EdleBjedayTwkmanç mNÐlénRBHc&nÞ rEmgR:kd kñúg

eRK]gkMNt´nUvcitþç

BagTaMgGs´ç dMeNIreTAkþI kareZVIBnøWénRBHc&nÞkþI k*taMgenACaRbRktI

CMnajkñúgcitþenaH manR:zñaedIm|IeTA kan´RBhμelak edaykay

dEdly¨agNamijç :diharüenH manóbma edaymNÐlénRBH

d*R:kd k*begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay GZidðancitþ eday

c&nÞ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacénkay luHbegÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay GZidðancitþ

‘eRbIGMNacedaykayeTARBhμelakk*:n’

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´

eTAedayGMNacénkayehIy eTIbcuHkan´suxsJ¦apg kan´lhu-

‘245’ Baküza ²yav RBhμelakabi³ esckþIza eZVInUvRBhμ-

sJ¦apg ehIyeTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayd*R:kd:nç ebIPikú¡

elak oCaeRK]gkMNt´:n . Baküza ²kaeyn vsM vetþti³

Gñkmanb\TÆi Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH CaGñkman

esckþIza Gñkmanb\TÆi júaMgGMNacrbs´xøÜnoRbRBwtþeTAedaykay

R:zñaedIm|IeTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayminR:kd k*begÁankay

kñúgRBhμelakenaH

edayGMNacéncitþ GZidðannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþ luHbegÁan

.

esckþIén:f;enaH

bNÐitKb|IRCab

eTA

tam:lIpgcuH .

kayeTA edayGMNacéncitþ GZidðannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþ

k*:lI kñúg:diharünu@H mandUcteTAenH KW ; :lIza ²yav

ehIy eTIbcuHkan´suxsJ¦apg kan´lhusJ¦apg ehIyeTAkan´

RBhμelakabi eyn vsM vetþti³ esckþIza ebIPik¡úGñkmanb\TÆi

RBhμelak edaykayminR:kdç Pikú¡enaH nimμitrUbxøÜn EdlsMerc

Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH manR:zñaedIm|IeTAkan´

GMBIcitþ manGvyv;tUcZMsBVRKb´ man«®nÞIy¾minezakTab enAxag

RBhμelak k*GZidðan‘nUvvtæú’ kñúgTIqáay omkkñúgTICitza sUmo

muxénRBhμenaHç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaHc®g,m rUbnimμitk*c®g,m kñúgTI

‘vtæúenaH’ mktaMgenAkñúgTICitç ‘vtæúenaH’ k*mktaMgenAkñúgTICitk*:nç

enaHEdrç

GZidðan ‘nUvvtæú’ kñúgTICit oeTAkñúgTIqáayza sUmo ‘vtæúenH’ taMg

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH Gg<úyç rUbnimμitk*Gg<úy kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaHQr

rUbnimμitk*Qr

kñúgTIenaHEdrç


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Gñkmanb\TÆienaHbeJ©jEpSg rUbnimμit k*beJ©jEpSg kñúgTIenaHEdrç

PaK kalesþcyageTAkan´eTvelak kñúgkalCaTIbMputénymk-

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eqHeTACaePøIg rUbnimμit k*eqHeTACaePøIg kñúg

:diharü RTg´eZVInUvPñMyuKnÆr nig PñMsienru kñúgTICit RTg´dak´RBH:T

TIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sMEdgnUvZm( rUbnimμitþ k*sMEdgnUv

m¡ag GMBIépÞEpndI elIPñMyuKnÆr ehIyRTg´dak´nUvRBH:TTIBIr elI

Zm( kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sYrnUvRbsña rUbnimμitk*sYr

kMBUlPñMsienru .

nUvRbsña kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH RtUveKsYrnUvRbsña

sYrza ²GñkNadéTeT[t :neZVI‘nUvTICitoeTACaTIqáay’ :n

ehIykMBugedaHRsay rUbnimμit k*RtUveKsYrnUvRbsña ehIykMBug

xøH/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHmhaemaK<løanetær³ . EmnBit RBHezr;

edaHRsay kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH kMBugQrcrca eZVI

bMRBYjnUvpøÚveTAkan´sg,sSnKr RbmaN 30 eyaCn¾ júaMgbris&T

sakcäa CamYyRBhμenaH rUbnimμit k*kMBugQrcrca eZVIsakcäa Ca

12 eyaCn¾ EdlkMBugeZVIP&tþkic© ehIyecjmk GMBIRkugsavtæI o

mYyRBhμenaH kñúgTIenaHEdrç srubmk Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eZVInUvkar

dl´RBm kñúgxN;enaHPøam .

Na> :n rUbnimμit k*eZVInUvkarenaH> :nEdr y¨agdUecñHÉg ‘1’ .

‘GZib|ayesckþIén:lI’

mYyeT[t RBHcULsmuTÞetær k*:neZVIehIy kñúgtm¬bNÑiTIVb . :n»mkza kñúgsm&yénRsukekItTuriÖkS Pikú¡ 700 Gg< :neTA

kñúg:lITaMgenaH :lIza ²TUerbi snþiek GZidðati³ esckþIza

kan´sMNak´énRBHezr; taMgBIRBwkRBlwm . RBHezr; Kitza ²Pikú¡

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH ecjcaksmabtþi EdlmanQanCaTItaMgehIy

sg¹d*eRcIn karRtac´eTAedIm|IPik¡a nwgmankñúgTINa/³ dUecñH min

BicarNanUveTvelak ß RBhμelak kñúgTIqáayza ²eTvelak nig

eXIj ‘nUvTIPik¡acar’ kñúgtm¬bNÑiTIVbTaMgmUl eXIjza ²Pik¡acar

RBhμelak cUrmankñúgTICit³ dUecñH luHBicarNaehIy eZVInUvbrikmμ

nwgman kñúgRkug:tlIbuRt Rtg´eqñrxagnay³ dUecñH júaMgPikú¡TaMg

cUlnUvsmabtþi mþgeT[t GZidðan edayjaNza ²eTvelak nig

Layokan´yk nUv:Rt nig cIBr ehIyeBalza ²mñalGavuesa

RBhμelak cUrmankñúgTICit³ dUecñHç eTvelak nig RBhμelak k*

TaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUrmk BYkeyIgnwgeTAkan´Pik¡acar³ dUecñH

mankñúgTICit . Kb|IRCabn&yenH kñúgbTd*essTaMgLaypgcuH .

ehIy bMRbYjnUvEpndI ehIyeTAkan´Rkug:tlIbuRt . BYkPikú¡TaMg

‘eZVITIqáayoeTACaCit’

Lay sYrza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn enHCanKrGVI/³ . RBHezr;

sYrza ²kñúg:diharüenaH GñkNacab´yknUvTIqáay eZVIoeTA CaTICit/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHd*manRBHPaK³ . 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 273 .

EmnBit RBHd*manRBH

eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay enHCanKr:tlIbuRt³ . Pik¡ú TaMgLaysYrza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn nKr:tlIbuRt enAkñúgTI qáayß/³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ZmμtaRBH


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402

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ezr;cas´TaMgLay kMNt´kñúgTIqáayeZVIoenAkñúgTICitk*:n³ . Pikú¡

nimnþmktameRkay k*eBalza ²RBHezr; rbs´BYkeyIg nimnþmk

TaMgLayTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn etImhasmuRT enAkñúg

BYkeyIg nwgRbeKnnUvnM³ ehIykan´yknMTaMgGs´ cUleTArkRBH

TINa/³ .

RBHezr;eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ERkgelak

ezr; . RBHezr; yk:Rtecjmk:neZVIehIynUvnMTaMgGs´ o

TaMgLay knøgnUvRbLaymanBN(ex[vmYy kñúgcenøaH CaGñkmk

RtwmEteBjmYy:Rt . RBHmanRBHPaK kalrg´caMRBHezr; RTg´

ehIyß/³ . Pikú¡TaMgenaH TUlza ²EmnehIy elakm©as´d*cMerIn

Kg´enAxagmuxehIy . RBHezr; :nnaMmkzVayRBHmanRBHPaK .

EtmhasmuRTZMß/³ . RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ZmμtaRBHezr;cas´TaMgLay EtgeZVInUvrbs´ZMoeTACatUck*:n³ . mYyeT[t

RBHcULsmuTÞetærenH

‘eZVInUvvtæúticoeTACavtúæeRcIn:n’ cMENkkñúger]g«løisesdðI RBHmhaemaK<løanetær :neZVInUv

eZVInUvrbs´ZMoeTACatUc:n

vtúæticoeTACavtúæeRcIn . mYyeT[t kñúger]gmnusSTuK(teQμaHkak-

y¨agNaç sUm|IRBHtisSTtþetær k*y¨agenaHEdr Rsg´TwkehIy kñúg

vLiy; RBHmanRBHPaK k*RTg´:neZVIvtúæticoeRcInEdr . :n»za

sm&yézáres[l RKgcIBrehIyç kalebIcitþ ekIteLIgehIy za

RBHmhaksSbetær júaMgkaloRbRBwtþknøgeTA kñuúgsmabtþi Gs´

²GatμaGj nwgzVaybg<MnUvmhaeBaZiRBwkS³ dUecñHç :neZVIehIy o

7 ézá ehIy eZVInUvkarse®g<aHdl´mnusST&lRk :nQrenAEk|r

mankñúgTICit:n .

TVarpÞH rbs´mnusSTuK(teQμaHkakvLiy; . Priyarbs´Kat´eXIj

‘eZVITICitoeTACaTIqáay:n’

RBHezr;ehIy :nerayrayehIy nUvbbr«tmanrséRbnigrsCUr

sYrza ²cuHGñkNakMNt´TICiteZVIoeTACaTIqáay/³ . eqøIyza

EdlxøÜncMGinehIyedIm|IsVamI eTAkñúg:Rt . RBHezr; naMykbbr

²RBHmanRBHPaK³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVInUvcenøaH

enaH eTAdak´elIRBHhsþRBHmanRBHPaK . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

dl´RBHGg< nig dl´RBHGg<úlimalsUm|ITICitoeTACaTIqáay:n .

GZidðan eZVIolμnRKan´dl´Pikú¡sg¹eRcIn . bbrEdlRBHezr; naM

‘eZVInUvvtæúeRcInoeTACatic:n’

mkeday:RtmYy lμmRKb´RKan´ehIydl´Pikú¡TaMgGs´ . ÉmnusS

sYrza ²cuHGñkNa eZVIvtæúeRcIn oeTACatic:n/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHmhaksSbetær³ . :n»za kñúgRkugraCRKwH kñúgézáCaTIelg nUvnk¡tþb\kS kumarIRbmaN 500 nak´ kan´yknUvnMdUcCaRBHc&nÞedIr eTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karelgnk¡tþb\kS

eXIjnUvRBHmanRBHPaK

ehIy min:nzVayehIynUvnMbnþicbnþÜcç EtluHeXIjRBHezr;kMBug

TuK(t eQμaHkakvLiy; :nehIynUvtMENgénesdðI kñúgézáTI 7 .

‘eZVIvtúæminqáaj´oqáaj´:n’ minRtwmEteZVInUvtæútic oeRcInbu¨eNÑaHeLIyç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvvtæúNa> kñúgvtæúTaMgLay manvtæúqáaj´ oeTACavtæúminqáaj´ vtúæminqáaj´ oeTACavtæúqáaj´

dUecñHCaedImk*:n vtæúTaMgGs´enaH >


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rEmgsMerc dl´buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi . BitdUecñaHEmn Gm|aly¨ag

dUecñHk*:n eRBaHPav;énsJ¦aenaH rYcRsLHehIycaknIvrN;TaMg

RBHmhaGnuLetær eXIjnUvPikú¡eRcInGg< nimnþeTA edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt

Laypg cakZm(CasRtUvTaMgLaymanvitk,;CaedImpg . kalebI

ehIy:nnUvP&tþd*esAhμgEmnBit kMBugEtGg<úyqan´ Ek|reqñrsÞwg

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH

Kg<a ehIyGZidðanza ²sUmoTwk kñúgsÞwgKg<a køayeTACaTwkedaH

k*CakayRsal dUcCabu¨yénK . Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eTAkan´RBhμ

ravzøa³ dUecñHehIy :nonUvsJ¦a dl´sameNrTaMgLay . BYk

elak edaykayd*RsalEdlR:kd dUcCabu¨yénKEdlRtUvxül´

sameNrTaMgenaH :nnaMyk edayTIeka mkRbeKnPikú¡sg¹ .

bk´ebIugeLIgehIy y¨agenaHç k*Gñkmanb\TÆi kaleTAy¨agenH zaebI

Pikú¡TaMgGs´Gg< qan´ehIyedayTwkedaHravzøa EdlmanrsEpÁm .

R:zña nimμitnUvpøÚvBÆd*Gakas edayGMNacénbfvIksiN ehIy

Baküza ²TieBVn ckú¡na³ esckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi fitenAkñúg mnusSelakenHÉg

cMerInGaelakk,siN

emIleXIjnUvrUbrbs´

RBhμenaH nig fitenAkñúgmnusSelakenHÉg kalRBhμenaHniyay Kña k*»sMeLgTaMgGs´ dwgc|as´nUvcitþ ‘rbs´RBhμenaH’ :n .

‘begÁancitþeTAedayGMNackay:n’ Baküza ²kayvesn citþM briNaemti³ esckþIzaPikú¡Gñkman b\TÆi begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkrCkay KWkMNt´citþmanQan CaTItaMg elIkcitþeLIgkñúgkay KWeZVIcitþomandMeNIreTAtamkay KWza omandMeNIreTAyWtyUr . eRBaHza dMeNIrénkay CadMeNIr yWtyUr . Baküza ²suxsJ¦J© lhusJ¦J© Ok,mti³ esckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi yagcuHkan´ KWcUleTA Bal´RtUv dl´RBmnUvsuxsJ¦a nig lhusJ¦a EdlekItRBmeday«TÆicitþ manQanCaTI taMgCaGarmμN¾

.

sJ¦a

Edlsm|yutþedayóebk¡a

eQμaHza

suxsJ¦a . eRBaHza óebk¡a RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za ²Casux d*sáb´³ .

k*ÉsJ¦aenaHÉg Kb|IRCabza

²eQμaHza lhusJ¦a³

yagcuHkan´suxsJ¦aenaHç

sUm|IkrCkay

eTA edayeCIg:nç zaebIR:zña GZidðan nUvxül´ edayGMNacén vaeyaksiN ehIyeTAedayxül´ dUcCabu¨yénKk*:n . EtPaB énGñkmanb\TÆicg´edIm|IeTAhñwgÉg CaRbmaN:n kñúgkareTAeday kayEdlR:kdnu@H . eRBaHza kalebImanPaBénGñkmanb\TÆiR:zña edIm|IeTAç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH manGZidðan kñúgcitþeZVIehIy y¨ag enH CaGñkRtUvkMLaMgénkarGZidðansÞÜyeLIgehIyEmnBit rEmgeTA kan´ ‘RBhμelak’ :n EdlGñkNak*emIlmineXIj dUcCakUnsr Edlnayxμan´ZñÚ :j´eTAehIy dUecñaHÉg .

‘eTAedayGTisSmankay:n’ ‘246’ Baküza ²citþvesn kayM briNaemti³ esckþIza Gñkmanb\TÆikMNt´nUvkayehIyelIkeLIgkñúgcitþ KWeZVI‘kay’oman dMeNIreTAtamcitþ KWza eZVIomandMeNIrrh&s . eRBaHza dMeNIr éncitþ KWCaZmμCatrh&s . Baküza ²suxsJ¦J© lhusJ¦J©

Ok,mti³ esckþIza buK<lGñkmanb\TÆiyagcuHkan´suxsJ¦ nig kan´ lhusJ¦aEdlekItRBmeday«TiÆcitþ EdlmanrUbkayCaGarmμN¾


visuTÆimK< ERb

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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

edayRbkardUecñHÉg . Baküd*ess bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&y

mnusSelakenHÉg emIleXIjnUvrUb ‘RBhμ’ edayckú¡ dUcCaTiBV

EdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg .

sþab´sMeLg edayesatZatu dUcCaTiBV dwgc|as´nUvcitþ eday

É:diharü KWkarbegÁannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþenH KWCa

jaNCaeRK]gkMNt´dwgedaycitþ

ehtuNaç

ehtumanRbmaN

dMeNIréncitþhñwgÉg . EtkalebImanBaküeBalza ²buK<lGñkman

bu¨eNÑHenaH mineQμaHza júaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykayeT .

b\TÆienH kaleTAedaykayEdlminR:kdy¨agenH eTAkñúgxN; én

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH fitenAkñúgmnusSelakenHÉg kMBugQrcrca

karekIteLIg énGZidðancitþenaHß ßza eTAkñúgxN; éncitþtaMgenA

eZVIsakcäa CamYynwgRBhμenaH edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

ßk* kñúgxN; éncitþEbkZøay/³ dUecñHç RBHezr;eBalza ²Gñkman

bu¨eNÑaHÉg k*mineQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykayeT .

b\TiÆeTAkñúgxN;TaMgbI³ . sYrza ²cuHbuK<lGñkmanb\TiÆenaHeTAeday

sUm|IkarGZidðanrbs´Gñkmanb\TÆienaHza ²GZidðansUm|IkñúgTIqáayo

xøÜnÉg ß bJ¢ÚnnUvrUbEdlelaknimμitehIyß/³ . eqøIyza ²Gñk

eTACaTICitk*:n³ dUecñHCaedIm edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

manb\TiÆ eZIVtamsmKYrdl´esckIþKab´citþ³ . EtkareTAedayxøÜnÉg

bu¨eNÑHenaH mineQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTA edaykayeT .

hñwgÉgénbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH mkehIykñúg:diharüenH . bTza

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH eTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayEdlR:kdkþI

²menamyM³ KWrUbenaH eQμaHza sMercedaycitþ eRBaHPav;énGñk

minR:kdkþI edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH k*mineQμaH

manb\TÆienaH nimμitehIyedaycitþsMrab´GZidðan . Baküza ²GhI-

za júMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTA edaykay:nEdr . ÉbuK<lGñkman

ni®nÞiyM³ enH KWelakeBalehIy edayGMNacénkartaMgenARBm

b\TÆienaH dl´nUvviZIEdlelakeBalehIy edayn&yza ²nimμitrUb

énGaytn;TaMgLaymanEPñknigRtec[kCaedIm . EtZmμtaRbsaT

xagmuxénRBhμenaH³ dUecñHCaedIm edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

kñúgrUbnimμit minmaneT . BaküTaMgBYgmanBaküza ²sec «TÆima

bu¨eNÑHenaH eTIb:neQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykay.

cg,mti nimiμetabi ttæ cg,mti³ dUecñHCaedIm KWelakeBalehIy

cMENkviZId*ess elakeBalehIyedIm|IsMEdgnUvcMENkxagedIm

eRBaHsMedAyknUvsavknimμitTaMgGs´ . cMENkRBHBuTÆnimμit RBH

énkarRbRBwtþieTAkan´GMNac edaykay kñúgGZikarenHÉg . b\TÆi

manRBHPaKRTg´eZVInUvkic©Na> k*eZVInUvkic©enaH> Edr eZVInUvkic©déT

enH eQμaHza GZidðanb\TÆi Camunsin .

eT[t edayGMNacénkiriyaKab´RBHT&y énRBHmanRBHPaKpgEdr

‘247’ cMENkkareZVIoepSg> énb\TÆiEdleZVIoEbøk nig b\TÆi

edayRbkardUecñH . k*kñúg:diharüenH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH

‘vikuBVnb\TÆi’

fitenAehIy kñúg

EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþ mandUteTAenH KW ;


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müa¨geT[t Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi kaleZVInUvb\TÆi KWkareZVIoEbøkdMbUg xøÜnR:zñanUvrUbNa> Kb|IGZidðannUvrUbenaH> kñúgePTTaMgLayman

408

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

sUm|IkñúgePTTaMgLaymanesHCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr . enHCab\TÆi KW kareZVIoEbøk ‘vikuBVnb\TÆi’ .

‘b\TÆisMercGMBIcitþ’

ePTénkumarCaedIm EdlelakeBalehIy y¨agenHza ²RBHGPiPU enaH lHbg´ePTCaRbRktI ehIysMEdgePTCakumarxøH sMEdgePT

‘248’ cMENkPikú¡Gñkcg´edIm|IeZVI nUvb\TÆisMercGMBIcitþ ecj

CanaKxøH sMEdgePTCaRKuDxøH sMEdgePTCaGsurxøH sMEdgePTCa

cakQanCaTItaMgehIy BicarNakayCamun ehIyGZidðan tam

RBH«®nÞxøH sMEdgePTCaeTvtaxøH sMEdgePTCaRBhμxøH sMEdgePT

n&yEdleBalehIyhñwgÉgza ²kaycUrCaRbehagcuH³ . kay k*

CasmuRTxøH sMEdgePTCaPñMxøH sMEdgePTCasIh;xøH sMEdgePT

eTACaRbehag . lMdab´enaH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi BicarNakaydéT

CaxøaZMxøH sMEdgePTCaxøadMbgxøH sMEdgePTCadMrIxøH sMEdgePT

kñúgcenøaHénkayenaH eZVIbrikmμehIy GZidðan tamn&yEdlelak

CaesHxøH sMEdgePTCarzxøH sMEdgePTCaBlezμIreCIgxøH sMEdg

eBalehIyhñwgÉgza ²kaydéT cUrmankñúgcenøaHénkayenaH³ .

ePTCakgTahanEbøk> KñaxøH ‘1’ ³ .

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH dknUvkayenaH dUcbuK<ldkecjnUvbNþÚl

ecjcakQan

kñúg

GMBIesμAyabøg dUcCabuK<lhUtnUvdavGMBIeRsam nig dUcCabuK<l

cMeNamksiNTaMgLay manbfvIksiNCaedImCaGarmμN¾ehIy

TajnUvBs´GMBIRtk y¨agenaHÉg . eRBaHehtudUecñaH :nCaelak

Kb|IBicarNaePTkumarrbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg . buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaHluH

eBalBakü manCaGaTi¾za ²Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH nimμitnUvkay man

BicarNaehIy kñúgTIbMputénbrikmμ Kb|IcUlQanmþgeT[t ecj

rUb

ehIy Kb|IGZidðan za ²GatμaGjcUrCakumarmaneQμaHEbbenH³ .

ezakTabCakaydéTGMBIkayenH eRb[bdUcbursdkecjnUvbNþÚl

RBmCamYynwgcitþGZidðan Gñkmanb\TÆienaHk*:neTACaekμgRbus dUc

GMBIesμAyabøgç bursenaH manesckþIdwg y¨agenHÉgza ²enHCa

CaPikú¡eTvTtþ . kñúgbTTaMgBYg k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . cMENkbTza

esμAyabøg enHCabNþÚl ÉesμAyabøgedayELk bNþÚleday

²htæim|i TesSti³ dUecñHCaedIm kñúg:lIenaH elakeBalehIy

ELk bNþÚleKdkecjmk GMBIesμAyabøghñwgÉg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

edayGMNacénkarsMEdg nUvePTmandMrICaedIm BÆd*xageRkAxøH .

k*kñúg:lIenaH esckþIóbmaenH KWelakeBalehIyedIm|IsMEdgza

kñúgkarsMEdgxageRkAenaH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH minGZidðan za ;

²smÖar;TaMgLay

²GatμaGjcUrCadMrI³ dUecñH Kb|IGZidðanza ²cUrCadMrI³ dUecñH .

yabøgCaedIm y¨agNamijç

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

manGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg

k*Gñkmanb\TiÆ kalGZidðan manksiNÉNamYy

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 277 .

n&y

EdlsMercGMBIcitþ

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

manGvyv;ZMtUcsBVRKb´

manbNþÚlCaedIm

man«®nÞIy¾min

Carbs´RbEhlKñanwgesμA

rUbEdlsMercGMBIcitþ k*y¨agdUecñaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 277 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

409

Edr CarUbRbEhlKñanwgbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆihñwgÉg³ dUecñH . enHKW Cab\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþ ‘menamyb\TÆi’ . briecäT TI12 eQμaHza «TÆiviZnieTÞs kñúgbkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray cb´ehIy edayRbkarGm|alenHÉgehag . v v v

410

GPiJ¦anieTÞs ‘TiBVesatZatukza’

‘249’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH lMdab´énnieTÞs énTiBVesatZatu mkdl´ehIy tamlMdab´ . bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI én:lITaMg Lay manCaGaTi¾za ²Pikú¡enaH kalebIcitþCasmaZiehIyy¨agenH³ dUecñH tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgTiBVesatZatunieTÞsenaH pg kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMgLaybI déTGMBIenaHpg . EteyIgTaMgLay nwgBN(nanUvRtwmEtesckþIviessbu¨eNÑaH kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMgBYg .

‘GZib|ays&BÞ:lI’ kñúg:lIenaH

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI

kñúgBaküza

²TiBVay

esatZatuya³ enH dUcteTA . esatZatuenaH eQμaHzaTiBV eRBaH Pav;énesatZatuenaHdUcCaTiBV

.

EmnBit

esatZatuénRbsaT

rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay CaZmμCatiekItehIy edaysucritkmμ Edl minRbLak´ehIy

edayvtúæminsÁatTaMgLay

manRbmat´

esøsμ

nigQamCaedIm GacTTYlnUvGarmμN¾kñúgTIqáay:neRBaHrYcRsLH cakeRK]gesAhμgeTIbdUcCarbs´TiBV . k*ÉesatZatuénjaNenH EdlekItehIyedaykMLaMgénvIriyPavna rbs´Pikú¡enH k*R:kddUc KñaenaHEdr eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHzaTiBV eRBaHjaNesatZatu enaHR:kdesμIdUcCaTiBV . müa¨geT[t jaNesatZatuenaH eQμaH za CaTiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNesatZatuenaH KWelak:nmk eday GMNacénZm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBVpg eRBaHGaRs&ynUvZm(CaeRK]g enAdUcCaTiBV rbs´xøÜnpg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

411

jaN eQμaHzaesatZatu eRBaHGtæza »pg eRBaHGtæza min manCIvitpgç

mYyeT[t

eQμaHza

esatZatu

412

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

GPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjehIy Kb|IBicarNasMeLgénstVTaMgLay

eRBaHeRb[bdUcCa

mansIh;CaedImkñúgéRB EdlCasMeLgeRKatRKat kñúgTIqáay Ca

esatZatu eRBaHeZVInUvkic©énesatZatu dUecñHk*manEdr . ‘Gñkman

KnøgénRtec[kCaRbRktI munedayviess edaysmaZicitþEdlCa

b\TÆi sþab´nUvsMeLg’ edayesatZatu dUcCaTiBVenaH .

brikmμ . RBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNasMeLgd*lÁitsuxumTaMgLay tam

bTza ²visuTÆay³ KWeRBaHbrisuTÆ KWza minmanóbk,iels .

smKYrdl´lMdab´

cab´epþImGMBIsMeLgd*eRKatRKatmuneKTaMgGs´

bTza ²Gtik,nþmanusikay³ esckþIza knøg KWRbRBwtþknøg nUv

y¨agenH KW; sMeLgrKaMg kñúgvtþ sMeLgs<r sMeLgs&g¡ sMeLg

mMsesatZatu EdlCarbs´mnusS ehIyfitenA edayGMNacén

énkarsVaZüay rbs´sameNr nig Pikú¡kemøaHTaMgLayEdlkMBug

karsþab´sMeLgknøgnUvóbcar;énmnusS . Baküza ²óePa seTÞ³

sVaZüay edaykarRbwgERbgRKb´y¨agç sMeLgza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

ERbza Gñk:nTiBVesat Etg»sMeLgTaMgBIr . sYrza ²sMeLg

m©as´ etIdUcemþc/ mñalGavuesaTaMgLayetIdUcemþc/³ dUecñHCaedIm

TaMgBIrKWGVIxøH/³ . eqøIyza ²sMeLgTiBV 1 sMeLgmnusS 1³ .

rbs´Pikú¡sameNrTaMgenaH EdlkMBugsnÞnaKña CaRbRktIç sMeLg

GZib|ayza ²sMeLgrbs´eTvtaTaMgLaypg nig sMeLgrbs´

énstVsøab sMeLgxül´ sMeLgeCIg sMeLgénTwkEdlBuHRKak´>

mnusSTaMgLaypg³ . bNÐitKb|IRCabkarRbkan´ykbriyayCa

sMeLgsøwketñateRk[msÜátnakMedAézá sMeLgstVlÁitmanRsemac

eRK]gGag edaybTza ²óePa seTÞ³ enH . Baküza ²ey TUer

exμA nig RsemacRkhmCaedIm³ dUecñH . RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IeZVITuk

sniþek c³ manesckþIGZib|ayza ²sMeLgTaMgLayNa kñúgTI

kñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay kñúgTisxagekIt Kb|IeZVITuk

qáay

nig

sMeLgTaMgLayNa

kñúgTICit

sUm|Ikñúgck,vaLdéT

kñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay

kñúgTisxaglic

Tisxag

edayehaceTA sUm|IsMeLgénstVliÁt EdlGaRs&yenA kñúgrag

eCIg Tisxagt|Úg TisxageRkam TisxagelI TisGaeKñy¾ Tis

kayrbs´xøÜnç

buK<lGñk:nTiBVesat

BayBü Tis¤san TisnirtI . RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

LayenaH³

bNiÐtKb|IRCabkarRbkan´ykbriyay

.

Etg:n»nUvsMeLgTaMg Edlmin

EmnCaeRK]gGag edaybTza ²ey TUer sniþek c³ enH .

‘viZIeZIVTiBVesat’ sYrza ²cuHTiBVesatZatuenH KWeyaKavcrPikú¡ Kb|IeZVIoekIt eLIgedayRbkardUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²Pikú¡enaH cUlkan´Qanman

nUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay TaMgeRKatRKatTaMglÁit . sMeLg TaMgLayenaH rEmgR:kddl´RBHeyaKIenaHEdlmancitþtaMgenACa RbRktI . EtsMeLgTaMgenaH CasMeLgR:kdéRkElg dl´RBH eyaKIGñkmansmaZicitþkñúgbrikmμ . kalebIRBHeyaKIenaHeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþhñwgÉgç mena-


visuTÆimK< ERb TVaravC¢ncitþ

eZVInUvsMeLgNamYy

413

kñúgcMeNamsMeLgTaMgLay

enaH oCaGarmμN¾ehIy ekIteLIgza ²TiBVesatZatu nwgekIteLIg

414

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edIm|IkMNt´nUvsMeLgepSg>

edayELkç

rEmgGacedIm|IkMNt´

EmnBit za ²enHsMeLgs&g¡ enHsMeLgs<r³ dUecñH:npgEdr .

kñúgkal«LÚvenH³. kalebImenaTVaravC¢ncitþenaHrlt´ehIyç Cv&n

TiBVesatZatukza cb´ .

TaMgLay 3 ß 4 xagedIm Cakamavcr; maneQμaHza brikmμCv&n

v v v

óbcarCv&n GnuelamCv&n nig eKaRtPUCv&nç Cv&nTI 4 ß TI 5 Ca

ecetabriJ¦aNkza

Gb|nacitþ CarU:vcr RbkbedayctutæCÄan énCv&nTaMgLayNaç

‘GZib|ays&BÞ:lIecetabriJ¦aN’

Cv&nTaMgLay 4 ß 5 enaH rEmgsÞúHeTA . kñúgCv&nenaH jaN Na

ekIteLIgehIy

CamYynwgGb|nacitþenaHç

‘250’ kñuúgecetabriJ¦aNkza bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúg

ZatuKWjaNenH

bTza ²ecetabriJ¦aNay³ enH dUcteTAenH . jaN eQμaHza

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²TiBVesatZatu³ . bnÞab´GMBIenaH TiBVesatZatu

briy; eRBaHkMNt´ esckþIza kMNt´sÞg´ . jaNEdlkMNt´nUv

enaH k*CaZatuZøak´cuHehIy kñúgesat;enaH .

citþ ‘rbs´GñkdéT’ eQμaHza ecetabriy;ç jaNenaHpg kMNt´

RBHeyaKI kaleZVInUvTiBVesatenaH oekItCaKuNCatrwgbwug

nUvcitþ ‘rbs´GñkdéT’pg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza ecetabri-

Kb|IkMNt´RtwmEtmYycgÁúléd ehIycMerIn edaytaMgcitþza ²Gj

yJ¦aN ‘jaNEdlkMNt´citþrbs´GñkdéT:n’ . GZib|ayza

nwgsþab´nUvsMeLg kñúgcenøaHnu@H³ . bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH .

rhUtdl´cRkvaL ßkMNt´edayéRkElgCagcRkvaLenaHeTAeT[t

bTza ²brstþanM³ KW énstVd*essTaMgLay elIkElg

R:MbIZñab´

EtxøÜnecj . sUm|IbTza ²brbuK<lanM³ enH k*manesckþIEtmYy

mYycMGam mYyKk´ xagkñúgbnÞb´ brievNénel|{gR:saT Garam

edaybTenHEdr . EtRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´eZVInUvPaBepSg> én

rbs´sg¹ eKacrRKam nig CnbTCaedIm . RBHeyaKI Gñk:n

BüJ¢n; edayGMNacénstVEdlRBHGg<RTg´TUnμanpg edaylMnaM

sMercGPiJ¦aehIyy¨agenHnu@H rEmg»nUvsMeLgTaMgLayEdltaMg

éneTsnapg . Baküza ²ectsa eceta³ KW nUvcitþ rbs´stV

enAkñúgcenøaHénGakas EdlGarmμN¾manQanCaTItaMg Bal´RtUv

déT buK<ldéTTaMgLayenaH edaycitþrbs´xøÜn . bTza ²bric©³

ehIyEmnBit .

ERbzakMNt´ehIy .

ehIyKb|IcMerIn

edayGMNacénTImanBIrZñab´

bYnZñab´

Etza RBHeyaKI kal»y¨agenH RbsinebIman

bTza ²bCanati³ esckþIza dwgedayRbkar

karRCYleRCImEtmYy edaysMeLgénePøg mans&g¡ s<r nig xøúy

epSg> edayGMNacéncitþTaMgLay mancitþEdlRbkbeTAeday

CaedIm rhUtdl´RBhμelakk*edayç

raK;CaedIm .

kalebImanPaBCaGñkR:zña


visuTÆimK< ERb

415

‘viZIeZVIecetabriJ¦aN’

416

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

hTyrUbrbs´GñkNa RkeLkemIlnUvkarERbRbYlén«®nÞIy¾ rbs´

sYrza ²k*jaNenH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIoekIteLIgdUcemþc/³ .

GñkNa . eqøIyza ; minRkeLkemIl rbs´GñkNaeTç RBHeyaKI

eqøIyza ²eRBaHza jaNenH rEmgsMerc edayGMNacénTiBVckú¡ç

kalBicarNanUvcitþ ‘énGñkdéT’ kñúgPBNanImYy dwgnUvcitþ man

TiBVckú¡jaNenaH Cabrikmμ énbriyJ¦aNenaHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

16 RbePT enHÉNaç enHCavis&yrbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TiÆç cMENk

Pikú¡ ‘Gñk:nTiBVckú¡jaNehIyR:zñaedIm|IeZVIecetabriyJ¦aNenH

sMdIenH

oekIteLIg’ enaH Kb|IcMerInGaelakksiN ehIyemIlnUvB(N

sÁit EdlRBHeyaKImin:neZVIehIy edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

énQamEdlGaRs&ynUvhTyrUb

rbs´buK<ldéT

KWRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy

edayGMNacénkarRbkan´

‘GZib|aycitþ 16 RbePT’

ehIyRbRBwtþ

eTA ehIyEsVgrknUvcitþ edayckú¡d*CaTiBV . k*esamnsScitþ Etg

cMENkkñúg:lIza ²sraKM va citþM³ dUecñHCaedIm bNÐitKb|I

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgeBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH elahit manB(NRkhm

RCabesckIþGZib|ay dUcteTAenH . citþ RbkbedayelaP; 8

RbEhlKñanwgEpøéRCTMuç kñúgeBlNa eTamnsScitþ RbRBwtþeTAç kñúg

Rbkar bNiÐtKb|IRCabza ²citþRbkbedayraK;³ . citþd*ess KW

eBlenaH elahit manB(NexμA RbEhlKñanwgEpøRBIgTMu . kñúg

citþCakusl nig GBüaRkwt EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 4 eQμaHzacitþ

eBlNa óebk¡acitþ RbRBwtþeTAç kñúgeBlenaH elahit manB(N

R:scakraK; .

zøa RbEhlKñanwgeRbglá . eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH kalEsVgrk

vicikicäacitþ nig óTÆc©citþ 2 mindl´nUvkarse®g<aH kñúgRbmaN 2

emIl nUvB(Nénelahit kñúgebHdUg rbs´CndéT za ²rUbenHman

éncitþenHeT .

esamnsSi®nÞIy¾Casmudðan rUbenH

rUbenH

manóebki¡®nÞIy¾Casmudðan³

maneTamnsSi®nÞIy¾Casmudðan dUecñHehIy

Kb|IeZVInUveceta-

cMENkcitþTaMgLay 4 enH KW eTamnsScitþ 2

EtRBHezr;BYkxøH rYbrYmnUvcitþTaMg 4 enHpgEdr .

cMENkeTamnsScitþ

2

Rbkar

eQμaHza

citþRbkbeday

eTas; . citþCakusl nig GBüaRkwt RbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 4 TaMg citþd*essTaMgLay KW

briyJ¦aN oCaKuNCattaMgenArwgmaM . eRBaHza kalebIeceta-

Gs´ eQμaHza citþR:scakeTas; .

briyJ¦aNenaH taMgenArwgbuwg y¨agenHehIyç RBHeyaKIenaH dwg

Gkuslcitþ 10 mindl´nUvkarrYbrYmkñúgRbmaN 2 éncitþenHeT .

nUvkamavcrcitþ rU:vcrcitþ nig GrU:vcrcitþ TaMgGs´ edaylMdab´

bu¨Enþ RBHezr;BYkxøH rYbrYmnUvGkuslcitþTaMg 10 enHpgEdr .

rMkilnUvcitþ cakcitþ sUm|Iev[rcakkareXIjnUvhTyrUbk*eday .

cMENkkñúgbTza ²semahM vItemahM³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCab

smdUcBaküEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgGdðkza za ²sYrza RBH

dUcteTAenH . citþEdlRbkbedayvicikicäa nig óTÆc©; 2 Rbkar

eyaKI Gñkcg´edIm|IdwgnUvcitþ énCndéT

edayn&ycMeBaHrUbbuK<lbu¨eNÑaH eQμaHzacitþRbkbedayemah; .

kñúgGarub|CÄan

eXIjnUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

417

418

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza’

EtsUm|IGkuslcitþTaMg12 Rbkar k*bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²citþRbkb edayemah;³ eRBaHemah;manenARBm kñúgGkuslTaMgBYg . citþ d*ess eQμaHza citþR:scakemah; ‘vItemahcitþ’ . cMENkcitþEdlRbRBwtþeTAtamzInmiTÆ; eQμaHza citþrujra . citþEdlRbRBwtþeTAtamóTÆc©; eQμaHza citþraymay .

‘251’ kñúgbueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza manGZib|ayza ; bTza ²bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNay³ esckþIza jaNNa kñúg bueBVnivasanusSti

‘RBHeyaKI

begÁancitþeTA’

edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾

dl´jaNenaH . Baküza ²bueBVnivasa³ esckþIza xnÆEdlxøÜn

citþEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr eQμaHza citþEdldl´ nUv

GaRs&yehIykñuúgkalmunKWkúñgGtItCatiTaMgLay. bTza ²nivudða³

PaBCaZM ‘mhK<tcitþ’ . citþd*ess eQμaHza citþmindl´nUvPaB

esckþIza xnÆEdlxøÜnRKb´RKgehIy KWEdlxøÜnesayehIy KWza

CaZM ‘GmhK<tcitþ’ .

EdlekItehIyrlt´eTAvijkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜnç mYyeT[t Zm(Edl

citþEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 TaMgGs´ eQμaHza citþEdlman

xøÜnenAGaRs&yehIy k*eQμaHza nivudða . esckþIza ²Zm(TaMgLay

Zm(RbesIrCag ‘sótþrcitþ’ . citþEdlCaelakutþr; eQμaHza citþ

EdlxøÜnenAGaRs&yehIy edaykiriyaenAGaRs&yCaeKacr Edl

EdlminmanZm(RbesIrCag ‘Gnutþrcitþ .

kMNt´dwg edayviJ¦aNrbs´xøÜnç mYyeT[t sUm|IkMNt´dwgc|as´

citþEdldl´nUvóbcar; nig citþEdldl´nUvGb|na eQμaHza

ehIy edayviJ¦aN rbs´buK<ldéT kñúgkalTaMgLaymankal

citþtaMgenAmaM ‘smaZicitþ’ . citþEdlminTan´:ndl´TaMgBIry¨ag

CaTInwkrlwk

eQμaHza citþ mintaMgenAmaM ‘GsmaZicitþ’ .

za nivudða . cMeBaHRBHBuTÆTaMgLayEtmüa¨g Etg:nnUvnivudðZm(TaMg

citþEdldl´nUvtTg<vimutþi vik¡mÖnvimutþi smuecäTvimutþi bdibsSTÆi

nUvbuK<lmaneRK]gvilvl´dac´ehIyCaedIm

k*eQμaH

LayenaH .

vimutþi nig nisSrNvimutþi eQμaHza citþrYcRsLH ‘vimutcitþ’ . citþ

bTza ²bueBVnivasanusSti³ esckþIza Pikú¡rlwker]y> nUvxnÆ

EdlminTan´:ndl´vimutþiTaMg 5 Rbkarnu@H bNÐitKb|IRCabza citþ

EdlxøÜnGaRs&yehIykñúgkalmun edaystiNaç stienaH eQμaH

EdlminTan´rYcRsLH ‘Gvimutþcitþ’ .

za bueBVnivasanusSti . Baküza ²jaN³ KWjaNEdlsm|yutþ

Pikú¡Gñk:necetabriyJ¦aN rEmgdwgc|as´ nUvcitþRKb´y¨ag

ehIy

edaystienaH

.

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bueBVnivasanusSti-

za ²citþenH CacitþmanraK; ß .l. ßza citþenH CacitþminrYc

jaNenH dUceBalmkenHÉg . GZib|ayza ²edIm|Ii:nsMerc KW

RsLH³ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

edIm|Idl´nUvjaNenH edaybueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN³ .

ecetabriyJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

bTza ²GenkvihitM³ esckþIza manEbbeRcIny¨ag müa¨geT[t


visuTÆimK< ERb esckþIza

oRbRBwtþeTA

KWEdlelakBN(naehIy

419

420

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edayRbkar

elakTaMgenaH minGacedIm|IElgnUvlMdab´ehIyrlwkedayGMNac

d*eRcIn . bTza ²bueBVnivasM³ :ndl´ xnÆsnþanEdlxøÜnGaRs&y

éncuti nwg bdisnÆi:neT . eRBaHkarcuHkan´RbeTsEdlxøÜnR:zña

ehIy kñúgPBenaH> cab´taMgBIPBEdlCaGtItd*CitbMput . bTza

ehIy minman dl´BYktiræiyTaMgenaHEdldUcCamnusSxVak´ . mYy

²GnusSti³ KW rlwkeTAtamehIy> edayGMNaclMdab´énxnÆ ß

eT[t mnusSxVak´TaMgLay minecalnUveQIRct´esaHehIyedIreTA

edayGMNacéncuti nig bdisnÆi .

y¨agNamijç BYktiræiyTaMgenaH minecalnUvlMdab´énxnÆBit eTIb rlwk:n k*y¨agenaHEdr . RBHbktisav&kTaMgLayrlwk:ntam

‘buK<l 6 BYk rlwk:nnUvbueBVnivas’’ k*CnTaMgLay 6 BYk KW tiræiyTaMgLay bktisav&kTaMg Lay

mhasav&kTaMgLay

GK<sav&kTaMgLay

RBHbec©kBuTÆ

TaMgLay RBHBuTÆTaMgLay rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivasenH:n .

lMdab´xnÆxøH rMkilcUl:nedayGMNacéncutinwgbdisnÆixøH . RBH GsItimhasav&kTaMgLay

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

.

cMENkÉRBHGK<

sav&kTaMgBIr kic©edaylMdab´énxnÆ minmaneT . RBHGK<sav&kTaMg

bNþaCnTaMg 6 BYkenaH tiræiyTaMgLay rlwk:nEt 40

BIrGg<enaH rMkilehIyeTA edayGMNacéncuti nwg bdisnÆihñwgÉg

kb|eT . elIsGMBIenaH rlwkmin:neLIy . eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

y¨agenH KW ²elakeXIjnUvcuti rbs´GtþPaBmYy ehIyeXIj nUv

eRBaHtiræiyTaMgenaHmanR:C\aTn´exSay . EmnBit bJ¦a rbs´BYk

bdisnÆi eXIjcutirbs´GtþPaBdéTeT[tehIyeXIjnUvbdisnÆiç RBH

tiræiyTaMgenaHCabJ¦aTn´exSay eRBaHPav;énbJ¦aCaKuNCatR:s

bec©kBuTÆTaMgLay

ehIy cakkarkMNt´nUvnam nig rUb . RBHbktisav&kTaMgLay

kic©edaylMdab´énxnÆ

rlwk:n 100 kb|xøH 1ç000 kb|xøH eRBaHCaGñkmanbJ¦ad*xøaMg

edayGMNacéncuti nwg bdisnÆi k*minmanesaHeLIy . EmnBit

køa . RBHGsItimhasav&kTaMgLayrlwk:nGs´mYyEsnkb| .

RBHBuTÆTaMgLay R:zñanUvTINa> xageRkamkþI xagelIkþI kñúgekadi

RBHGK<sav&kTaMgBIrGg< rlwk:nGs´mYyGseg¡yü nwgmYyEsn

énkb|TaMgLayd*eRcInç TIenaH> CaTIR:kdEmnBitdl´RBHBuTÆTaMg

kb| . RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLay rlwk:nGs´BIrGseg¡yünwgmYy

LayenaHç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHBuTÆTaMgenaH RTg´bMRBYjehIyR:zña

Esnkb| . eRBaHGPinIharrbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgenaHmanRbmaN

nUvTINa> Gs´ekadiénkb|TaMgLay sUm|IminEtmYy dUcbMRBYj

bu¨eNÑH . EtsMrab´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay minmankMNt´eLIy .

nUv:lImanGtæKWxøÜnrkSaTuk ehIyk*rMkilcUleTAkñúgTIenaH> Etmþg

‘rlwk:nepSgKña’ mYyeT[t tiræiyTaMgLay rlwk:nEtlMdab´énxnÆbu¨eNÑaH .

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

.

minmanesaHeLIyç

cMENkRBHBuTÆTaMgLay kic©edaykarrMkilcUl

EtgyageTA edayGMNacénkiriyaQancuHdUcCastVsIh; . k* kalRBHBuTÆTaMgLayenaHRTg´esþcyageTAy¨agdUecñaHç RBHjaN


visuTÆimK< ERb

421

422

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

rbs´RBHGg< rEmgmineTIsTak´ mineXø{gXøat kñúgCatiTaMgLayCa

dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtams¬an

cenøaH> kalmineTIsTak´ mineXø{gXøat k*rEmgRTg´cab´yknUvTI

TaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtampøÚv edaysμgeCIgd*ZMç rbs´

EdlRBHGg<RTg´R:zñaehIy > EmnBit eQμaHza eRb[bdUcCakUn

RBHBuTÆTaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtampøÚvreTHd*ZM .

srEdlxμan´ZñÚR:kdesμIedayRBHeBaZistVeQμaHsrPg<; GñksÞat´

EtkñúgGZikarenH

edayreTH

.

rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆ

karrlwker]y>nUvbueBVnivas

rbs´sav&k

mineTIs

TaMgLay KWx\úMsMEdgehIy . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úMeBalehIy

Tak´ kñúgTITaMgLaymaneQInigvløiCaedIm kñúgcenøaH rEmgZøak´kñúg

za ; bTza ²GnusSti³ KW rlwkeTAtamehIy > edayGMNacén

TICaTIkMNt´EmnBit mineTIsTak´ minPøat´xus dUecñaHÉg .

lMdab´énxnÆ ß edayGMNacéncuti nig bdisnÆi dUecñHÉg .

CMnajkñúgkar:j´nUveramcamrIeZVIehIy

:j´eTAehIy

‘eRb[bGanuPaBénjaN’

‘viZIeZVIbueBVnivasanusSti’

k*ÉkñúgCnTaMgLay EdlrlwknUvbueBVnivas:nTaMgenH kar

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pikú¡CaGaTikmμik;

GñkR:zñaedIm|Irlwker]y>

eXIjnUvbueBVnivaséntiræiyTaMgLay rEmgR:kdeLIg RbEhlKña

y¨agenH RtLb´mkGMBIbiNÐ:RtvijehIy kñúgkalCaxageRkay

nwgBnøWénstVGMBilGMEBkç kareXIjnUvbueBVnivasrbs´bktisav&k

énP&tþ eTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjGMBIBYkehIysmáMenA cUlkan´Qan

TaMgLay RbEhlKñanwgBnøWRbTIbç rbs´RBHmhasav&kTaMgLay

TaMg 4 edaylMdab´ ecjcakctutæCÄanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgehIy

RbEhlKñanwgBnøWKb´ePøIgç

RbEhl

Kb|IBicarNabg<úy eRkayeKbgÁs´ . bnÞabBIenaH Kb|IBicarNa

KñanwgBnøWénp,ayRBwkç rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLay RbEhlKñanwg

kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy Gs´yb´ nig ézáTaMgmUl edaylMdab´Rcas

BnøWRBHc&nÞç

RbEhlKña

‘bdielam’ y¨agdUecñH KW ²karRkalGasn; karcUlkan´Gasn;

EdlRbdab´

karer[bcMnUv:RtnigcIBr eBlevlaqan´ eBlmkGMBIRsuk eBl

rbs´RBHGK<sav&kTaMgLay

rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay

rEmgR:kdeLIg

nwgBnøWénmNÐlénRBHGaTitümYyBan´

kñúgrdUvR:Mg

ehIyedayBan´énrsμI .

Rtac´eTAkñúgRsuk

edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt

eBlcUleTAkan´Rsuk

edIm|I

Ékarrlwker]y>nUvbueBVnivas éntiræiyTaMgLay Cakarrlwk

biNÐ:Rt eBlecjmkGMBIvtþ eBlzVaybgM<nUvRBHlanénectiy

eXIj dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTA tamcugéneQIRct´ rbs´mnusSxVak´

nigRBHlanénRBHeBaZiRBwkS eBllagnUv:Rt eBlTTYlnUv:Rt

TaMgLay . rbs´RBHbktisav&kTaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTA

kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy GMBIkarTTYl:Rt rhUtdl´karlubmux kic©

tams¬anedayeQIRct´ . rbs´RBHmhasav&kTaMgLay dUcCakar

EdlxøÜneZVIehIy

eZVIdMeNIreTAtams¬an edayCg<g´ .

ehIy kñúgmCÄimyam kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy kñúgbfmyam .

rbs´RBHGK<sav&kTaMgLay

kñúgkalCaTIkMcat´bg´nUvggwt

kic©EdlxøÜneZVI


visuTÆimK< ERb k*Ékic©manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

423

Cakic©R:kd

dl´citþCaRbRktI

424

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

o:ner]y>

.

ehIyecjGMBIQanenaHehIy

k*Kb|IBicarNa

hñwgÉg nwg:nCakic©R:kd hak´bIdUcCaéRkeBk dl´smaZicitþ

TIenaHcuH . eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kaleZVIy¨agenaH ecjGMBIQan

kñuúgbrikmμEtmþg . EtzaRbsinebI kñúgkic©TaMgnu@H kic©tictYc Cakic©

CaTItaMg ehIyminBicarNa nUvQanEdlxøÜnBicarNaehIy kñúg

minR:kdeTç RBHeyaKI RtUvcUlQanCaTItaMg ecjehIy Kb|I

kalmun ehIyBicarNanUvbdisnÆiEtmüa¨g ebIkehIy nUvbdisnÆi

BicarNamþgeT[t . edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH kic©TaMgGs´

Gs´kalminyUrbu¨nμanhñwgÉg Kb|IeZVInUvnamrUbEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

Cakic©R:kd dUcCa ‘kñúgeBlggwt’ kalebIRbTIbeqHehIy GVI>

xN;éncutioCaGarmμN¾ eQμaHza eRb[bdUcCabursGñkmankMLaMg

k*R:kd dUecñaHEdr .

kat´nUvedImeQIZM

RBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNakic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy edaybdielam

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´ehaCagénbus|úkç

muxb¨UvezAEqbehIyç kalminGacedIm|Ikat´nUvedImeQIZM:n k*min

hñwgÉg y¨agenHKW kúñgézáTI2 xøH kñúgézáTI3 TI4 nig TI 5 xøH kñúg

eZIVnUvkare:Hbg´ecalnUvZur;eLIy

10 ézáxøH kñúgknøHExxøH kñúg 1 ExxøH rhUtdl´ 1 qñaMxøH .

eZIVb¨UvezAomutehIy

eday

kalebI

ehIyeTAkan´eragCag

k*RtLb´mkvijkat´mþgeT[tç

oCag

kalebIb¨UvezA

ó:yenHÉg RBHeyaKI kalBicarNa Gs´ 10 qñaM 20 qñaM dUecñH

EqbmþgeT[tç k*oCageZVIdUecñaHÉg ehIykat´saCazμIç bursenaH

CaedIm rhUtdl´bdisnÆi rbs´xøÜn kñúgPBenH Kb|IBicarNanamrUb

kalkat´y¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμaneLIy k*Kb|IpþÜledImeQIZM:nEmn

EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúgxN;éncuti kñúgPBmun . EmnBit Pikú¡

Bit eRBaHeQIEdlxøÜnkat´ehIy minEmnCarbs´EdlKb|Ikat´ mþg

CabNÐit EtglμmRKan´edIm|IebIknUvbdisnÆi ehIyeZVInUvnamrUb kñúg

eT[t nig eRBaHkat´nUveQIEdlminTan´:nkat´ehIy dUecñaHÉg .

xN;éncuti oCaGarmμN¾ edayvar;CadMbUgEtmþg . bu¨EnþnamrUb kñúgPBmun rlt´ehIy minmanesssl´ namrUbdéT ekIteLIg ehIy

eRBaHehtuNaç

EdldasCitxagelI

eRBaHehtuenaH

TIenaH

CaTIecalnamrUb

dUcCaTIggwtRbEhlbuK<lxVak´

esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayer]gTaMgLay maner]g buK<lGñkBuHós nig Cagkat´sk´CaedImk*:nEdr .

‘kardwgkñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aN’

EdlbuK<l

kñúgkic©TaMgenaH jaN EdleZVI ‘kic©’ cab´epþImGMBIbg<úycug

minmanR:C\a kRmnwgeXIj:n . eTaHCadUecñaH Pikú¡enaHk*minKb|I

eRkay rhUtdl´bdisnÆi oCaGarmμN¾ehIy RbRBwtþeTA min:n

eZVIkare:Hbg´nUvZur; edayKitza ²GatμaGj minGacedIm|IebIk nUv

eQμaHza bueBVnivasJ¦aNeT . k*bu¨Enþ jaNenaH maneQμaHza

bdisnÆi ehIyeZVInUvnamrUb EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgxN;éncuti oCa

brikmμsmaZiJ¦aN ‘jaNEdlRbkbCamYynwgbrikmμsmaZi’ .

GarmμN¾:n³ dUecñHeT . Etza Pikú¡Kb|IcUlQanCaTItaMgenaHÉg

GacarüBYkxøH ehAza GtItMsJ¦aN ‘jaNCaeRK]gdwgnUvcMENk


visuTÆimK< ERb

425

426

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘sMvdþkb| vivdþkb|’

EdlknøgeTAehIy’³ dUecñHk*man . Bakü ‘rbs´GacarüBYkxøH’enaH minRtUveT eRBaH ‘GtItMsJ¦aN’ sMedAykrU:vcr . ‘cMENkÉ brikmμsmaZiJ¦aN Cakamavcr’ .

cMENkkñúgBaküza ²Genekbi sMvdþkeb|³ dUecñHCaedImbNÐit Kb|IRCabdUcteTA . kb|EdlkMBugsabsUnü bNÐitKb|IRCabza

k*kñúgeBlNa menaTVaravC¢n; knøgnUvbdisnÆi eZVInamrUbEdl

²sMvdþkb|³ kb|EdlkMBugcMerIn Kb|IRCabza ²vivdþkb|³ . bNþa

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgxN;éncuti oCaGarmμN¾ehIyekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡

kb|TaMgBIrenaH sMvdþdðayIkb| Cakb|KWelakkMNt´ehIy eday

enH nig kalebImenaTVaravC¢n;enaH rlt´eTAehIy Cv&nTaMgLay

sMvdþkb| . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHsMvdþdðayIkb| mansMvdþkb|

4 ß 5 eZVInUvnamrUbenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ehIy rEmgsÞúHeTAç

enaHCamUl

bNþaCv&nTaMgLayNa Cv&nTaMgLaymankñúgkalmun EdleQμaH

vivdþkb| . kalebImanehtuy¨agenH Gseg¡yükb|TaMgLayNa

za brikmμCv&nCaedIm Cakamavcrç Cv&ncugeRkayCarU:vcr RbRBwtþ

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´:nRtas´ehIyza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

eTAkñúgctutæCÄan CaGb|nacitþ tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúg

Gseg¡yü‘kalEdlyUrrab´min:n’énkb|enHman4 . Gseg¡yü

kalmunhñwgÉgç kñúgeBlenaH jaNNa ekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡enaH

4 KWGVIxøH/ KW sMvdþkb|ç sMvdþdðayIkb|ç vivdþkb|ç vivdþdðayIkb|³

CamYynwgcitþenaH jaNenH eQμaHza bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN .

dUecñHç ‘1’ Gseg¡yükb|TaMgLayenaH Cakb|EdlelakkMNt´

Pikú¡enaH rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivas manEbbeRcIny¨ag edaysti

ykehIy .

.

vivdþdðayIkb|

Cakb|KWelakkMNt´ehIy

eday

‘sMvdþkb|’

Edlsm|yutþehIy edayjaNenaH . manEbbeRcIny¨ag etI dUcemþcxøH/ . KWPikú¡ rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivas manEbbeRcIny¨ag

bNþakb|TaMgenaH sMvdþkb| manbIKt´ KW ; Gae:sMvdþkb|

RBmTaMgGakar; RBmTaMgóeTÞs rhUtkaldUecñH KW mYyCatik*man

‘kb|EdlvinasedayTwk’ eteCasMvdþkb| ‘kb|Edlvinaseday

BIrCatik*man .l. ³ dUecñHÉg .

ePøIg’ vaeyasMvdþkb| ‘kb|Edlvinasedayxül´’ .

‘Gtæn&yénCati nig kb|’ ‘252’

kñúg:f;TaMgenaH Baküza ²Ékm|i Catw³ esckþIza

xnÆsnþanmYy manbdisnÆiCaxagedIm mancutiCaTIbMput rab´bJ©Úl ehIykñúgPBmYyk*man . sUm|IkñúgBaküza ²eTVbi Catieya³ dUecñH CaedIm k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

‘RBMEdnénesckþIvinas’ RBMEdnénesckþIvinas k*man 3 KW RBhμelakCan´GaPsSra Can´suPkiNØa Can´evhböla . kñúgkalEdlkb|vinas eday ePøIg ‘elak’RtUvePøIgeqH xageRkamGMBIGaPsSraRBhμ . 1- suÇ GMÇ

KaKTI 43 TMB&rTI 2 .

kñúgkal


visuTÆimK< ERb

427

428

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘eteCasMvdþkb|’

Edlkb|vinasedayTwk ‘elak’ rlayedayTwk BÆd*xageRkam suPkiNØaRBhμ . kñúgkalEdlkb|vinas edayxül´ ‘elak’

esckþIza kñúgsm&yEdlkb|vinasedayePøIg . ePø{gZMjúaMg

x©at´x©ay edayxül´ BÆd*xageRkamevhbölaRBhμ . EtebIeBal

kb|ovinas taMgeLIg cab´taMgGMBIedImhñwgÉg bgÁúrePø{gmYyemZM

edayBisþar BuTÆek¡tþmYy Etgvinas sBVkalEdr .

Gs´mYyEsnekadicRkvaL . mnusSTaMgLay eRtkGrehIy naM

‘BuTÆek¡tþ 3’

ykBUCRKb´y¨ageTAsabeRBaH . bu¨Enþ luHsnÞÚgTaMgLayduH:n

eQμaHza BuTÆek¡tþ man 3 y¨agKW Catiek¡tþ 1ç GaNaextþ 1ç

lμmeKasIu:nehIyç mhaemXenaH k*ERskRKhwm dUcCasERmk

visyek¡tþ 1 . bNþaBuTÆek¡tþTaMgbIenaH Catiek¡tþ CaextþmanmYy

énstVla minbgÁúrcuHnUvTwkePø{gsUm|ImYytMNk´eLIy . kñúgkal

muWncRkvaLCaTIbMput

kñúgehtuGs©arü

enaH ePø{gdac´RsLHehIy . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMedA

TaMgLay mankarcab´bdisnÆiCaedIm énRBHtzaKt . GaNaextþ

ykePø{gdac´sUnüenH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay man

manEsnekadicRkvaLCaTIbMput KWCaextþEdlGanuPaB énRBHbritþ

sm&yEdlePø{gminbgÁúrcuH Gs´eRcInqñaM eRcInryqñaM eRcInBan´qñaM

TaMgLayenH KW rtnbritþ xnÆbritþ ZCK<britþ Gadanadiybritþ nig

eRcInEsnqñaM ‘1’³ dUecñH . stVTaMgLayEdlrs´enAGaRs&yTwk

emarbritþ RbRBwtþeTA . visyek¡tþ CaextþminmanTIbMput minman

ePø{g eZVIkalkiriyaehIyeTAekIt kñúgRBhμelakç BYkeTvta Edl

RbmaNEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²ßza tzaKtKb|IR:zña

rs´enAeRBaHGaRs&ynUvp,aeQI nig EpøeQI cutiehIyk*eTAekIt kúñg

dl´RtwmNak*:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm CaextþEdlRBHtzaKtR:zña

RBhμelakEdr . kalebIeBlevlad*Evg knøgeTA edaykardac´

nUvehtuNa> k*RTg´RCabnUvehtuenaH> .

ePø{gy¨agenH TwkkñúgTIenaH> k*dl´nUvkarGs´rlIg . RKaenaH RtI

CaextþCaTIkMerIkjab´j&r

kñúgBuTÆek¡tþTaMgLay 3 enH dUceBalmkenH extþmYy KW

nigGeNþIkTaMgLay k*søab´edaylMdab´ eTAekItkñúgRBhμelakxøH

GaNaextþ Etgvinas . EtzakalebIGaNaextþenaHvinasç sUm|I

sUm|IstVnrkTaMgLay søab´ehIy k*eTAekItkñúgRBhμelakEdr .

Catiek¡tþ k*CaextþvinaseTApgEdr . k*BuTÆek¡tþTaMg 2 enaH kal

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²bNþastVTaMgenaH BYkstVnrk vinas

vinas k*Etgvinas kñúgTICamYyKñaEdr . sUm|IkaltaMgenA k*taMg

eRBaHPav;énkarR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI7 ³ dUecñH k*man .

enA kñúgTICamYyKñaEdr . esckþIvinas nig kartaMgenA énBuTÆek¡tþ enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; 1- suÇ

GMÇ

KaKTI 41 TMB&rTI 315 .

sYrza ²karekIt kñúgRBhμelak ev[rcakQan minmaneTç k* bNþastVTaMgenaH stVTaMgLayBYkxøH 1- suÇ

GMÇ

KaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 184 .

RtUvesckþIGt´Xøaneb[t


visuTÆimK< ERb

429

430

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eb[nehIy stVBYkxøHCastVGP&B cakkar:nQanç stVTaMgenaH

:nnUvQan kñúgeTvelakenaH . cMENkstVTaMgLay déTGMBI

eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelakenaH y¨agdUcemþcekIt/³ dUecñH . eqøIyza

G:yikstVenaH

²stVTaMgenaH eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak:n edayGMNacQanEdl

t> Kña . EmnBit eQμaHzastVEdlGenÞalkñúgsMsar EdlR:s

xøÜn:nehIykñúgeTvelak³ . EmnBit kñúgkalenaH BYkkamavcr

cakkmμEdlxøÜnKb|IesayCabnþbnÞab´ minmaneT . sUm|IstVTaMg

eTvta eQμaHzaCaGñkek[rKrnUvstVelak dwgza ²GMNwHteTA mYy

enaH k*:ncMeBaHnUvQan kñúgeTvelakenaH dUcKñaEdr . stVTaMg

EsnqñaM nwgmankarRbl&ykb|³ dUecñH manPñÜgsk´rbUtehIy man

LaysUm|ITaMgBYg k*eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak:n edayGMNacén

sk´rMsayehIy manmuxERskyM ykédCUtTwkEPñk esø{ksMBt´

QanEdlxøÜn:nehIy kñúgeTvelak edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ekItkñúgeTvelak

edaykmμEdlxøÜnKb|Iesay

‘ ekItRBHGaTitü 7 ’

B(NRkhm CaGñkRTRTg´nUvePTénbuK<ld*cMELkéRkeBk Rtac´eTA kñúgpøÚvmnusS RbkasR:b´ y¨agenHza ²mñalGñkniTu(k¡TaMgLay>

mYyeT[t bnÞab´GMBIkarraMgePø{g edayGMNwHkald*Evg RBH

GMNwHmYyEsnqñaM GMBIqñaMenHeTA nwgmankarRbl&ykb|ç elakenH

GaTitü TI2 k*ekItR:kdeLIg . smdUcCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´

nwgvinas sUm|ImhasmuRT k*nwgrIgsáÜtç mhaRbwzBI nig PñMsienru

Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay sm&yenaHman³ dUecñHCaedIm . RBH

raC

GaTitü TI7 bNÐitKb|IsMEdg oBisþarcuH . luHdl´RBHGaTitü

k*nwgRtUvePøIgeqHeLIg

drabdl´RBhμelakç cUrcMerInnUvemtþa

nwgvinaseTAç

esckþIvinas

mñalGñkniT(uk¡TaMgLayeGIy

mñalGñkniTu(k¡TaMgLayeGIy

nwgman

GñkTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

TI2

enaH

ekItR:kdehIyç

karkMNt´nUveBlyb´

k*minR:kd

cUr

karkMNt´nUveBlézá k*minR:kdEdr . RBHGaTitümYy rHeLIg .

cMerInnUvkruNa cUrcMerInnUvmuTita cUrcMerInnUvóebk¡a cUrGñkTaMgLay

RBHGaTitümYy lic:t´eTA . elak mankMedAmkGMBIRBHGaTitü

beRmInUvmata cUrbeRmInUvbita GñkTaMgLaycUrCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi

mindac´esaH . k*suriyeTvbuRt man kñúgRBHGaTitüCaRbRktI y¨ag

eRkatERkgdl´buK<lCac|gkñúgRtkUl³ dUecñH . mnusSTaMgLay

Naç

nigPumμeTvtaTaMgLay edayeRcIn manesckþItk´søútd*ZMekIteLIg

y¨agenaHeT . kñúgRBHGaTitüTaMg 2 enaH kalebIRBHGaTitü Ca

ehIy eRBaH:nsþab´nUvBakü rbs´kamavcreTvtaTaMgenaH CaGñk

RbRktI kMBugRbRBwtþeTAç BBkkþI GNþatePøIgkþI EtgRtac´eTA BÆd*

mancitþeTarTn´eTAvijeTAmkrkKña eZVIbuNüTaMgLay manemtþaCa

Gakas . kalebIRBHGaTitüEdljúaMgkb|ovinas RbRBwtþeTAç

edIm ‘søab´eTA’ k*rEmgeTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak . eTvtaTaMgenaH

épÞénGakas manEpSg nigBBkeTAR:sehIy CaépÞPøWRsLH dUc

esaynUvsuZaePaCn¾d*CaTiBVehIy eZVIbrikmμkñúgvaeyaksiN eTIb

CamNÐlénkJ©k´ .

kñúgRBHGaTitüEdljúaMgkb|ovinas

minmansuriyeTvbuRt

elIkElgEtsÞwgZMTaMg 5 ecj TwkkñúgTI


visuTÆimK< ERb

431

TaMgLay mansÞwgtUcd*essCaedIm rIgsáÜtGs´ . bnÞab´GMBIenaH

edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg

432

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Lay mankMBUlx¬s´ 100 eyaCn¾CaedIm k*relH:t´sUnüehIy

sÞwgZMTaMgLay

BÆd*GakasenaHÉg . GNþatePøIgenaH qabeLIgcab´ykeTvelak

pgEdr k*rIgsáÜtGs´ eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI 3

Can´catumμharaCika . GNþatePøIgenaHeqHnUvvimanmas vimanrtn;

Naç

nig vimanEkvmNITaMgLay kñúgeTvelak Can´catumμharaCikaenaH

RBHGaTitü TI 3 enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg . tGMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg mhaRsHTaMg

ehIy k*cab´ykPBtavtþwgS . edayó:yenHÉg GNþatePøIg

7 enH KW; RsHsIh:tn; RsHhMs:tn; RsHkNÑmuNÐk;

ralcab´yk rhUtdl´ ‘RBhμelak’ Can´bfmCÄanPUmi . GNþat

RsHrzkar; RsHGenatþ; RsHqnÞnþ; RsHkuNal; EdlCaRbPB

ePøIgenaH eqHnUvRBhμelakTaMg 3 kñúgbfmCÄanPUmienaHGs´ehIy

énsÞwgd*ZM kñúgéRBhimBanþ rIgsáÜtGs´ eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIg

Tl´GaPsSraRBhμ eTIbQb´ . sg¡ar sUm|Id*lÁit mandrabNaç

énRBHGaTitü TI 4 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 4 enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg .

GNþatePøIgenaH k*minrlt´ drabenaH . k*eRBaHGs´eTAénsg¡ar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg TwksUm|I

TaMgBYg GNþatePøIgenaH eTIbrlt´eTA minoesssl´GVI> sUm|I

RtwmEtTTwkzñaMgénRmaméd k*mindk´enAkñúgmhasmuRT edaylMdab´

EtepH dUcCaGNþatePøIgEdleqHnUvTwkedaHzøa nigeRbgdUecñaHÉg .

eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIgénRBHGaTitü TI 5 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 5

GakasxagelI RBmTaMgGakasxageRkam k*ekItggwtd*ZMEtmYy .

‘ry;eBlEdlvinas’

enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg cRkvaL

bnÞab´BIenaHmk

edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg

mhaemXtaMg

TaMgmUlmanEpSgEtmYy manC&rRKbsg,t´ehIyedayEpSg eRBaH

eLIgehIy CadMbUg k*bgÁúrcuHnUvePø{gd*lÁit kaljúaMgePø{goZøak´

PaBekItR:kdénRBHGaTitüTI 6 Naç

cuH edayT-TwkTaMgLay bu¨nTgQUk bu¨neQIRct´ bu¨nGERg nig

RBHGaTitüTI 6 enaH ekIt

R:kdeLIg . k*cRkvaLenH y¨agNaç sUm|IEsnekadicRkvaL

bu¨nedImetñatCaedIm

k*y¨agenaHEdr .

Gs´ kñúgEsnekadicRkvaL oeBjehIy eTIb:t´eTA . xül´

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg cRkvaL TaMgmUl

CacRkvaLmanGNþatePøIgEtmYy

CamYynwgEsnekadi

cRkvaLTaMgLay eRBaHPaBR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI 7 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 7 enaH ekItR:kdeLIg .

sUm|IkMBUlPñMsienruTaMg

edaylMdab´

júaMgTIEdlePøIgeqHehIyTaMg

RTnUvTwkenaH xageRkampg xagTTwgpg eZVIoeTACadMu . TwkenaH mUl RbEhlKñanwgdMNk´Twk elIsøwkQUk . ebImanBaküecaTsYrza ²xül´ eZVInUvKMnrénTwkd*ZMdl´emø¨aH o CadMu:n y¨agdUcemþc/³ .

Kb|IeqøIyza ²eZVI:n eRBaHTwkebIknUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

433

434

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Rbehago³ . EmnBit TwkenaHonUvRbehag dl´xül´enaH kñúgTI

eXIjnUvggwt k*P&yxøac . lMdab´enaH mNÐlénRBHGaTitü TMhM

enaH> . TwkenaH RtUvxül´RbmUlpþMú eZVIoeTACadMu y¨agenaH k*Gs´

50 eyaCn¾ EdljúaMgP&y ovinasehIy begI,tnUvPaBekø{vkøa

eTA hYtcuHeTAxageRkam edaylMdab´ . kalebITwkhYtcuHehIy>

dl´stVTaMgenaH ekIteLIgR:kd . stVTaMgenaHeXIjnUvmNÐl

RBhμelak k*ekItR:kdeLIg kñúgkEnøgEdlZøab´CaRBhμelak nig

énRBHGaTitüenaHehIy k*mancitþeRtkGrza ²eyIgTaMgLay :n

eTvelakTaMgLay k*ekIteLIgR:kd kñúgkEnøgEdlZøab´Cakama-

nUvBnøWehIy³ eTIbeZVInUveQμaHénmNÐlRBHGaTitüenaHza ²suriy;³

vcreTvelak 4 Can´ BÆd*xagelI . Etza kalebITwkhYtcuHehIy

hñwgÉg eRBaHBaküEdlstVTaMgLayenaHeBalza ²mNÐlénBnøW

mkdl´TIEdlZøab´CaEpndImkBImunç xül´d*mankMLaMgk*ekIteLIg .

d*viessEdljúaMgP&y rbs´BYkeyIgEdlP&yxøac ovinasehIy

xül´d*mankMLaMgenaH EtgsÞHTuknUvTwkenaH eZVIminoRCYtRCab:n

júaMgPaBekø{vkøaoekIteLIg rHeLIgehIy eRBaHehtuenaH mNÐl

dUcTwkEdlfitenAkñúgZmμRkk EdlbuK<lbiTmat´CitehIydUecñaH .

énBnøWd*viessenaH cUreQμaHsuriy;³ dUecñH .

‘ekItmanRBHc&nÞ’

TwkmanrsEpÁm dl´nUvkarGs´eTA júaMgEpndImanrs BÆd*xagelI oekIteLIgRBm

.

EpndImanrsenaH

CavtæúEdldl´RBmehIy

lMdab´enaH

kalebIRBHGaTitü

eZVInUvBnøW

kñúgevlaézáehIy

edayB(N nig dl´RBmedaykøin nig rs dUcCaxÞiH BÆd*xagelI

lic:t´eTAç BYkstVTaMgenaH k*P&yxøacmþgeT[t edayERskyMza

én:y:yasEdlminmanTwkdUecñaHÉg .

²BYkeyIg:nehIynUvBnøWÉNa BnøWrbs´BYkeyIgenaHÉg :n:t´

‘GaPsSrRBhμesayrsEpndICaGahar’

eTAehIy³ dUecñH . stVTaMgenaH EtgmanesckþIriHKit y¨agenHza

k*kñúgkalenaH stVTaMgLay EdlekItmuneK kñúgGaPsSr-

²Kb|ICakarRbéBNas´hñ@ zaebIBYkeyIgKb|I:nBnøWdéTeT[t! ³ .

RBhμelak cuti cakGaPsSrRBhμelakenaH eRBaHGs´Gayu ß

mNÐlénRBHc&nÞ TMhM 49 eyaCn¾ hak´dUcCadwgnUvcitþ rbs´stV

Gs´buNü Caób:tik; EtgcUleTAekItkñúgelakenH . stVTaMg

TaMgenaH ekIteLIgR:kd . stVTaMgenaHeXIjnUvmNÐlénRBHc&nÞ

enaH CaGñkmanrsμIPøWedayxøÜnÉg Rtac´eTAkñúgGakas:n . stV

enaHehIy mancitþeRtkGréRkeBk hYsRbmaN k*naMKñadak´eQμaH

TaMgenaH PøkSehIynUvEpndImanrsenaH RtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ehIy

mNÐlRBHc&nÞenaHza ²RBHc&nÞ³ dUecñHhñwgÉg eRBaHBaküEdlBYkeK

BüayamRbwgERbg

tamn&yEdl

eBalehIyza ²mNÐlBnøWd*viessenH hak´dUcCadwgesckþIeBj

elakeBalehIy kñúgGK<J¦sURtÉeNaH . RKaenaH rsμIPøWeday

citþ rbs´BYkeyIg rHeLIgehIy eRBaHehtuenaH mNÐl énBnøW

xøÜnÉg rbs´stVTaMgenaHk*:t´eTA ggwtk*ekItman . stVTaMgenaH

d*viessenH cUrCaRBHc&nÞ³ dUecñH .

edIm|IeZVIoCaBMnUtehIybriePaK


visuTÆimK< ERb

435

‘ekItmannk¡tþb\kS’

436

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

qáaj´ k*ekItR:kd . edayn&ydUcKñaenaHEdr vløid*cMerIn manrs

kalebIRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü ekIteLIgR:kdy¨agdUecñHehIyç

qáaj´enaHÉg k*GnþrZan:t´eTA . RsUvsalI Carbs´min:c´daM

nk¡tþb\kS ‘p,ay’ TaMgLay k*ekIteLIgR:kd . cab´taMgGMBI

edayós minmanknÞk´ minmanGg,am mankøinRkGUb manEpøCaGg,r

enaHmk yb´ nig ézá k*ekItR:kd nig Ex knøHEx rdUv nig qñaM

ekIteLIgR:kd . bnÞab´mk PaCn;TaMgLayk*ekIteLIg dl´stV

TaMgLay k*ekItR:kd edaylMdab´ .

TaMgenaH . stVTaMgenaH dak´RsUvsalI kñúgPaCn;ehIy TukelI

mYyeT[t kñúgézáEdlRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü ekIteLIgR:kd

xñgénpÞaMgzμ . GNþatePøIg taMgeLIgedayxøÜnÉgehIy cMGinnUv

nu@HÉg PñMsienru PñMcRkvaL nig PñMhimBanþ k*ekIteLIgR:kd . k*É

Gg,rRsUvsalIenaHÉg . Gg,renaH køayeTACa:y RbEhlKñanwg

PñMTaMg 3 enaH ekIteLIgR:kd kñúgézáeBjbUN(mI Expl<úN Emn

p,amøiHrYtEmnBit . :yenaH minmankic©EdlRtUveZVI edaysmø ß

Bit minmunmineRkayKñaeLIy . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eqøIyza

edaymØÚbeRk[meT . BYkstVTaMgenaH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IbriePaK nUv

kalebI:yénGg,rez¬A

rsNa> :yk*manrsenaH> Etmþg .

EdleKcMGin

taMgeLIgnUvBBuHTaMgLay

edaydMNalKñaEtmþgç RbeTsTaMgLayBYkmYy CaBMnUk> BYk

‘mURtçkrIsçTVar nig emzun ekItman’

RbeTsTaMgenaH

kalebIstVTaMgenaH briePaKnUvGahard*eRKatRKatenaH mURt

kñúgTIx¬s´> ekItCaPñMTaMgLayç kñúgTITMnab> KWCasmuRTTaMgLayç

nig krIs k*ekItRBm cab´edImBIkarbriePaKGaharenaH . RKaenaH

kñúgTIrabesμI> KWeTACaTIVbTaMgLay k*y¨agenaHÉg .

muxéndMe¶TaMgLay k*Ebkecjmk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyahUr

mYyCaTMnab>

BYkmYyrabesμI>

y¨agNamijç

‘Gahard*RbNItk*:t´eTA’

ecjnUvmURt nig krIsenaH rbs´stVTaMgenaH . PaBCabursk*ekIt

RKaenaH kalebIstVTaMgenaH briePaKnUvEpndImanrsç stV

R:kd dl´burs ÉPaBCa®sþI k*ekItR:kd dl´®sþIEdr . :n»

BYkxøH mansm|úrlÁ stVBYkxøH mansm|úrGaRkk´ edaylMdab´ .

mkza bNþaburs nig®sþITaMgenaH ®sþIsMLwgemIlburs nig burs

bNþastVTaMgenaH BYkstVmansm|úrlÁ EtgemIlgaynUvBYkstV

sMLwgemIl®sþI hYskMNt´ . karRkhl´RkhayeRBaHkam ekIt

Edlmansm|úrGaRkk´ . EpndImanrsenaHÉg k*GnþrZan:t´eTA

man dl´stVTaMgenaH eRBaHkarsMLwgemIlhYskMNt´Cabc©&y .

eRBaHbc©&yénGtimanH ‘karRbkan´éRkeBk’ énstVTaMgLayenaH .

bnÞab´BIenaHmk stVTaMgenaH k*esBnUvemzunZmμ . eRBaHkaresB

RkmrEpndI ekItR:kd . bnÞab´mk edayn&yenaHÉg sUm|IRkmr

nUvGsTÆmμCabc©&y BYkeKTaMgenaH RtUvBYkviJ¦ÚCn tiHed[l eb[t

EpndIenaH rbs´BYkeK k*GnþrZan:t´eTAEdr .

eb[n eZVInUvpÞHTaMgLay eRBaHehtuénkarbiT:MgnUvGsTÆmμenaH .

vliød*cMerInmanrs


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘ekItmanGTinñaTan’

438

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

nwgbEnæmonUvcMENkénRsUvsalIdl´stVenaH³ dUecñH. k*kalebI

stVTaMgLayenaH enARKb´RKgpÞH dl´nUvTidðanuKti énstVGñk

stVTaMgLay eZVIkarRbCMuKñay¨agenHeRscehIyç RBHd*manRBHPaK

eday

Gg<enHÉg CaRBHeBaZistV kñúgkb|enHmuneK sm&yenaH RBHGg<

lMdab´ . cab´epþImGMBIeBlenaHmk TaMgknÞk´TaMgGg,am rYbrwtnUv

CaGñkmanRBHrUblÁéRkElgCag kñúgstVTaMgLayenaH . RBHGg<

Gg,r . sUm|ITIEdleKRcUtehIyk*minRtLb´duHeLIgvijEdr . stV

CaGñkKWbuK<lKYrKyKn´Cag nig CaGñkmans&kiþeRcInCag RTg´dl´

TaMgenaH Gg<úyRbCMuKña dkdegØImZMza ²mñalKñaeyIgTaMgLay Z(m

edayBuTÆi RTg´GacedIm|IeZVInUvkarpÞújpÞal´ nig karp<geLIg . stV

TaMgLayd*lamk ekItR:kd kñúgstVTaMgLayehIyhñ@ç EmnBit

TaMgenaH k*cUleTArkRBHGg< GgVrkrehIyk*:nsnμteLIg . RBH

kñúgkalmun BYkeyIgCastVekItedayQancitþ‘menamy;’³ dUecñH

eBaZistVenaH R:kdehIy edayRBHnamTaMgLay 3 KW RBHnam

CaedIm . BaküTaMgBYg bNÐitKb|IsMEdgoBisþar tamn&yEdl

za ²mhasmμt;³ eRBaHCaGñkEdlmhaCnenaH snμteLIgehIyç

elakeBalehIy kñúgGK<J¦sURtcuH ‘1’ . tBIenaHmk stVTaMg

RBHnamza ²kS&Rt³ eRBaHRBHGg<CaGZibtICaZM elIextþTaMgLayç

enaH eTIber[bcMPøWERs‘RBMEdn’ . RKaenaH stVdéTeT[t kan´yk

RBHnamza ²raCa³ eRBaHRTg´júaMgGñkdéToeRtkGr edayRBHZm(d*

nUvcMENk rbs´stVmYyeT[t EdleKmin:noehIy . stVTaMg

esμIKña . k*tMENgÉNaCatMENgd*Gs©arükñúgelakç RBHeBaZistV

enaH pþasanUvstVenaH Gs´var;BIrdg kñúgelIkTIbI k*Rbhareday

hñwgÉg RTg´CabursmuneK kñúgtMENgenaH . kalebImNÐlkSRt

eRK]gRbharTaMgLay man:téd dMudI nig dMbgCaedIm .

elIktaMgRBHeBaZistV oCaGñkmuneK y¨agenHehIyç sUm|IvNÑ;

RbkbedayCatiCaGñkx¢ilRcGUsNamYy

eTIbeZVIkarsnSM

‘ekItmanRBHraCadMbUg’

TaMgLaymanvNÑ;RBahμN¾CaedIm k*ekIteLIg edaylMdab´ .

kalebIkarlYcRTBü kartiHed[lKña karniyaykuhk nigkar

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’

kan´yknUvdMbg ekIteLIgehIyç stVTaMgenaH k*mkRbCMu RbwkSaKña

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH cab´taMgGMBImhaemXEdljúaMgkb|o

za ²ebIdUecñaHmanEtBYkeyIgKb|IsnμtnUvstVmYyrUbç kñúgcMeNam

vinas rhUtdl´kardac´RsLHénGNþatePIøg enHCaGseg¡yümYy

BYkeyIg stVNa Kb|Ib®g,abnUvstVEdlxøÜnKb|Ib®g,ab Kb|ItiH

ehAza ²sMvdþkb|³ . cab´taMgGMBIGNþatePøIg EdljúaMgkb|o

ed[l nUvstVEdlxøÜnKb|ItiHed[l Kb|IbeNþjecj nUvstVEdl

vinas dac´RsLHGs´eTA rhUtdl´kekIt:nCamhaemX Edl

xøÜnKb|IbeNþjecj:n edayRbéBç

júaMgEsnekadicRkvaLoeBj enHCaGseg¡yüTI 2 elakehAza

1- GK<J¦sURt manenAkñúg

mYyeT[t

suÇ TIÇ :Ç KaKTI 18

eyIgTaMgLay

TMB&rTI 53 .

²sMvdþdðayIkb|³ .

cab´taMgGMBIkekItmhaemXmk rhUtdl´kar


visuTÆimK< ERb

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440

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ekItR:kdeLIg énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüenH CaGseg¡yü TI3

sáb´drabenaHç bu¨EnþluHRKbsg,t´nUvrbs´Edlrab´za sg¡arTaMgBYg

elakoeQμaHza

cab´taMgGMBIkarekItR:kdeLIg

EdleTAtamTwkehIy eTIbsáb´rmáab´ KWdl´nUvkar:t´eTA y¨agqab´

énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü mk rhUtdl´mhaemXRbl&ykb| mþg

rh&sç Gakas xagelI CamYynwgGakas xageRkam k*ggwtsUnü

eT[t enHCaGseg¡yü TI4 elakehAza ²vivdþdðayIkb|³ . bYn

QwgEtmYy dUecñHÉg . BaküTaMgBYg dUcKñanwgBaküEdleBal

Gseg¡yüenH Camhakb|mYy .

ehIy ‘kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’ . bu¨Enþ kñúgGae:sMvdþ;enH elakeZVInUv

²vivdþkb|³

.

karvinas edayePøIg nig kartaMgeLIgzμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’ bNÐit

GaPsSrRBhμelak oCacm|g ekIteLIgR:kd Etmüa¨g . mYy eT[t stVTaMgLay EdlcuticakRBhμelakCan´suPkiNØ; ehIy

Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdleBalmkenH Cacm|g .

‘Gae:sMvdþ;’

eTAekIt kñúgTIepSg> manRBhμelakCan´GaPsSr;CaedIm .

‘253’ cMENkkñúgsm&yNa kb| vinasedayTwk . bNÐit

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgGae:sMvdþ;’

Kb|IsMEdgoBisþar tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgkalmunza ²taMg

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH taMgBImhaemXRbl&ykb| drabdl´

EtGMBIedImmk mhaemXEdljúaMgkb|ovinas taMgeLIgehIy³

TwkRkutRbl&ykb|dac´RsLHeTA enH CaGseg¡yümYy . taMg

dUecñHCaedImnu@HÉg . bu¨EnþesckþIenH CaesckþIEbøkKña . mhaemX

GMBITwkRkutdac´RsLHGs´ drabdl´mhaemX kekIteLIg enHCa

TwkRkut EdlCaGñkRbl&ykb| kñúgGae:sMvdþ;enH taMgeLIg dUc

Gseg¡yü TI2 . taMgGMBImhaemX kekIteLIg drabdl´karekIt

CaRBHGaTitü TI2 kñúgeteCasMvdþ;enaHÉg . mhaemXTwkRkutenaH

eLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü enHCaGseg¡yü TI3 . taMg

CadMbUg kalbgúÁrePø{glÁit> Zøak´cuHmk k*bgúÁrcuH edayRKab´ePø{g

GMBIkarekIteLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü drabdl´mhaemX

ZM edaylMdab´ júaMgEsnekadicRkvaLoeBj . TITaMgLayman

júaMgkb|ovinassaCazμIeT[t enH CaGseg¡yü TI4 . ‘bUkrYm’

RbwzBInigPñMCaedIm EdlTwkRkut Bal´RtUvehIy> k*rlay . Twk

Gseg¡yü 4 enH Camhakb|mYy .

RtUvxül´TaMgLayRTedayCMuvij . Twkcab´yktaMgGMBIEpndI rhUt dl´RBhμelakCan´TutiyCÄanPUmi . TwkenaH júaMgRBhμelakTaMgbI kñúgRBhμelakCan´TutiyCÄanPUmienaH orlayehIy taMgenA cuc cMRBhμelakCan´suPkiNØ; . TwkEdlRbl&ykb|enaH Edldl´ nUvkarrab´za

sg¡ar sUm|IRtwmEttUcqμar manenA drabNaç

k*min

karvinas edayTwk nig kartaMgeLIgzμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’ bNÐit Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalmkenHÉg .

‘vaeyasMvdþ;’ kñúgsm&yNa kb| vinas edayxül´ . bNÐitKb|IsMEdg BaküTaMgBYgo:nBisþar tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgkalmunza


visuTÆimK< ERb ²taMgEtGMBIedImmk

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mhaemXEdljúaMgkb|ovinas

442

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

taMgeLIg

Lay kñúgEsnekadicRkvaLenaH b¨HTg<icCl´KñanwgKñaehIy k*eTA

ehIy³ dUecñHCaedImnu@HÉg . EtesckþIenHCaesckþIEbøkKña . xül´

CalÁitexÞcxÞI vinasGs´eTA . xül´cab´yk taMgGMBIEpndIeLIgeTA

taMgeLIgRBm edIm|IRbl&ykb| kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;enH eRb[bdUcCa

drabdl´RBhμelakCan´ttiyCÄanPUmi . xül´nu@H júaMgRBhμelak

RBHGaTitü TI2 kñúgeteCasMvdþ;enaHÉg . xül´enaH CadMbUg júaMg

bICan´ kñúgttiyCÄanPUmienaH ovinasehIy k*taMgenAcucykRBhμ

ZUlIeRKIm otaMgeLIg bnÞab´mk k*júaMgZUlIlÁitotaMgeLIg júaMg

elakCan´evhböl; . xül´enaH júaMgvtæúEdlrab´zasg¡arTaMgBYg

xSac´lÁit júaMgxSac´eRKIm júaMgvtæúTaMgLaymanRkYs nig zμCaedIm

ovinas y¨agenHehIy k*vinasxøÜnÉgeTApgEdr . Gakas BÆd*

otaMgeLIg dUecñH drabdl´júaMgzμTMhMbu¨npÞHkMBUl nig edImeQIZM

xagelI CamYynwgGakasBÆd*xageRkam k*ggwtsUnüQwgEtmYy .

EdlfitenA kñúgTIeKak otaMgeLIg . vtæúTaMgLayenaH eLIgBIdI

BaküTaMgBYg dUcKñanwgBaküEdleBalehIy ‘kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’ .

eTAkan´Gakas EtminZøak´mkeT[teT . vtúæTaMgenaHrlay:t´exÞc

bu¨Enþ kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;enH elak rab´BIsuPkiNØRBhμelak CaedIm

xÞIGs´ kñúgGakasenaHEtmþg . lMdab´enaH xül´taMgeLIgehIy

eTA k*ekItR:kd . cMENkÉstVTaMgLay cuti cakRBhμelak

BÆd*xageRkaménmhaRbwzBI júaMgEpndIoRtLb´ :s´eCIgeLIgeTA

Can´evhböl;ehIy k*eTAekIt kñúgTITaMgLay manRBhμelak Can´

xagelIehIye:HeTABÆd*Gakas . bMENkmYy> énEpndIRbmaN

suPkiNØ;CaedIm .

100 eyaCn¾ k*man RbmaN 200 eyaCn¾ 300ç 400ç nig

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;’

RbmaN 500 eyaCn¾k*man :nEbkx©ayehIy RtUvkMLaMgxül´

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH taMgBImhaemXjúaMgkb|ovinas drab

bk´eLIg ehIylÁitexÞcxÞIrlay:t´Gs´BÆd*GakasdUcKña . sUm|I

dl´xül´júaMgkb|ovinasdac´RsLHeTA enH CaGseg¡yümYy .

PñMcRkvaL sUm|IPñMsienru k*xül´bk´eLIgeTAelIehIye:HeTA BÆd*

taMgBIdac´RsLH:t´xül´eTA drabdl´mhaemXkekIt ‘ePø{gZMCa

GakasEdr . PñMTaMgBIrenaH b¨HTg<icnUvKñanwgKñaehIy k*lÁitexÞcxÞI

eRK]gsMerc’ enHCaGseg¡yü TI2ç taMgBImhaemXkekIt drab

rlay:t´Gs´ . xül´enaH kaljúaMgviman énPumμdðkeTvtaTaMg

dl´karekIteLIgR:kd

Lay nig vimanGakasdðkeTvtaTaMgLay ovinas edayó:y

TI3ç taMgBIkarekIteLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü drabdl´

dUcKñaenaHÉg eZVInUvkamavcreTvelak 6 Can´ ovinasehIy eTIb

mhaemXjúaMgkb|ovinasmþgeT[t enHCaGseg¡yü TI4 . bYn

júaMgEsnekadicRkvaL ovinas . PñMcRkvaLCamYynwgPñMcRkvaL

Gseg¡yüenH Camhakb|mYy .

PñMhimBanþ CamYynwgPñMhimBanþ

PñMsienru

CamYynwgPñMsienru

TaMg

énRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü

karvinas edayxül´

enHCaGseg¡yü

nig kartaMgeLIgsaCazμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’


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bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaHÉg .

‘elakvinasedayGkuslmUlCaehtu’

444

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

minEtmYyxøH . rlwk:n edayRbkardUcemþc/ . rlwk:neday n&yza ²GmuRtasw³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘254’ sYrza ²elakvinasy¨agenHeRBaHehtuGVI/³. eqøIyza

kñúg:f;enaH Baküza ²GmuRtasw³ esckþIza kñúgsMvdþkb|

²eRBaHGkuslmUlCaehtu³ . EmnBit kalebIGkuslmUl duH

ÉeNaHkþI kñúgPBÉeNaHkþI kñúgkMeNItÉeNaHkþI kñuúgKtiÉeNaHkþI

daleLIgehIyç elak Etgvinas y¨agenH . k*elakenaH kal

kñúgviJ¦aNdðiti ÉeNaHkþI kñúgstþavas ÉeNaHkþI kñúgstþnikay

ebIraK; Rkas´Cag k*vinas edayePøIgç kalebIeTas; Rkas´Cag

ÉeNaHkþI xúM\:nekItehIy . Baküza ²ÉvMnaema³ KW xú\MeQμaHtisS;

vinas edayTwk . bu¨EnþGacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²kalebIeTas;

ß busS; . Baküza ²ÉvMeKaetþa³ KW x\úMCakc©ayneKaRt ß ksSb

Rkas´Cag elak vinasedayePøIgç kalebIraK; Rkas´Cag vinas

eKaRt . BaküTaMgBIrenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

edayTwk³ dUecñH . kalebIemah; Rkas´Cag vinasedayxül´ .

GMNacénkarrlwkeXIjnUveQμaH nig eKaRt rbs´xøÜn kñúgPBEdl

k*Éelak kalvinasy¨agenH vinas edayePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá

knøgeTAehIy rbs´Pikú¡enaH . RbsinNaebI Pikú¡CaGñkR:zñaedIm|I

minmancenøaHeLIyç kñúgézá TI8 eTIbvinas edayTwkç vinas eday

rlwkeXIj nUvkardl´RBmedayB(Nsm|úrkþI nUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñk

ePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá kñúgézá TI8 vinas edayTwk mþgeT[t edayn&y

rs´enAezakTab ß ézøzøakþI nUvPaBCaGñkmanesckþIsux ß Tuk¡ d*

enHÉg elak kalvinas kñúgézáCaKRmb´ 8 > y¨agenH vinas

Rkas´ERklkþI nUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñkmanGayuEvg ß GayuxøIkþI rbs´

edayTwk Gs´var; 7 dg vinasedayePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá mþgeT[t .

xøÜn kñúgkalenaH Pikú¡enaH rEmgrlwkeXIj nUvkMeNItTaMgenaH:n

edaykalmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH 63 kb| :nknøgeTAehIy . kñúg

EmnBit . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

cenøaH 63 kb|enaH xül´EdlTb´ nUvézáEdlnwgvinas edayTwk

²manB(Nsm|úry¨agenH .l. mankMNt´kalénGayuy¨agenH³

sUm|Imkdl´ehIy :nnUvOkasehIy k*kMcat´kMcaynUvsuPkiNØ

dUecñHCaedIm .

RBhμEdlmanGayu 64 kb|eBjbribUr júaMgelakovinas:n .

‘Ek:lIEdlsMEdgGakar;rlwk’

kñuúg:f;TaMgenaH Baküza ²ÉvMveNÑa³ KW CaGñkmansm|úr-s ß mansm|úrexμA . Baküza ²Évmahaera³KW CaGñkman:yénGg,r

k*Pikú¡ Gñkrlwk:n Gs´kb|TaMgLay sUm|IkalrlwkeXIj

RsUvsalIEdlpSMedaysac´ ß manEpøeQIRbRBwtþeTACaePaCn .

nUvbueBVnivas kñúgcMeNamkb|TaMgenaH EtgrlwkeXIj Gs´sMvdþ-

Baküza ²ÉvM suxTuk¡b|disMevTI³ esckþIza CaGñkesaynUvsux

kb| minEtmYyxøH Gs´vivdþkb| minEtmYyxøH Gs´sMvdþvivdþkb|

nigTuk¡EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay nig citþ ß manvtæúEdlRbkbeday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Gamis nig minmanGamisCaedImCaRbePT edayGenkb|kar .

esckþIza GatμaGjenaH cüútcakTIenaH KW cakTICaTIcUleTAekIt

Baküza ²Évmayubriyenþa³ KWmankMNt´GayuRbmaN 100 qñaM ß

minmancenøaH ehIy:nekIt kñúgTIenH KWkñuúgRtkUlkSRt ß kñúg

manGayudl´eTA 84ç000 kb| y¨agenH . Baküza ²esa teta

RtkUlRBhμN¾eQμaHÉeNaH .

cueta GmuRt óT:Tw³ esckþIza mYyeT[t GatμaGjenaH cuti

Baküza ²«ti³ KW ÉvM ERbza edayRbkardUceBalmkenH .

cakPB ß cakkMeNIt cakKti cakviJ¦aNdðiti cakstþavas

Baküza ²sakarM sóeTÞsM³ esckþIza nUvbueBVnivas EdleQμaH

cakstþnikayenaH ehIyekIt kñúgPB ß kñúgkMeNIt kñúgKti kñúg

za RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenIøedayóeTÞs edayGMNacnam nig eKaRtç

viJ¦aNdðiti kñúgstþavas kñúgstþnikay eQμaHÉeNaH . Baküza

eQμaHza RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøIedayGakar; edayGMNacB(Nsm|úr

²tRta:sw³ esckþIza bnÞab´mk sUm|IkñúgPB ß kñúgkMeNIt kñúg

CaedIm . EmnBit edaynamnigeKaRt stV KWelaksMEdgeLIgza

Kti

²tisS; ksSb;³ dUecñHCaedIm . edayRbkarepSg> manB(N

kñúgviJ¦aNdðiti

kñúgstþavas

kñúgstþnikayenaH

GatμaGj

k*:nekItehIy mþgeT[t . Baküza ²ÉvMnaema³ dUecñHCaedIm k* mann&ydUc:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg .

sm|úrCaedIm stV RtUveKdwg:n edayepSgKñaza ²mnusSRsÉm mnusSs³ dUecñH . eRBaHehtuenaH namnigeKaRt eQμaHzaóeTÞsç

n&ymYyeT[t Baküza ²GmuRtasw³ enH CaBakürlwkeXIj

ehtuTaMgLayepSgBIenH eQμaHzaGakar; . Baküza ²GenkvihitM

tamR:zñarbs´Pikú¡enaH GñkcuHkan´karrlwk tamlMdab´ . Bakü

bueBVnivasM GnusSrti³ enHsuTÆEtCaBakümanesckþIgayyl´eT .

za ²esa teta cueta³ enH CaBaküBicarNa rbs´Pikú¡Edlnwk RtLb´mkvij

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza

²GmuRt

óT:sw³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²CaBakü KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ sMedAyk nUvTICaTIekIténPikú¡enaH CalMdab´ énkarekIt kñúgPBenH hñwgÉg Rtas´ehIykñúgbTza ²eTAekItehIy kñúgPBenH³ dUecñH . cMENkBaküza ²tRta:sw³ dUecñH y¨agenHCaedIm KWRBHmanRBH PaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IsMEdgnUvkarrlwker]y> nUveQμaH nig eKaRtCaedIm kñúgTICaTIcUleTAekIt minmancenøaH énkarcUleTAekIt enH kñúgPBenaHénPikú¡nu@H . Baküza ²esa teta cueta «Zubbenña³

bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

v

v v


visuTÆimK< ERb

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cutUb:tJ¦aNkza

448

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edayGMNacénZm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBV nig eRBaHCaTIGaRs&ynUv

‘255’ bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI kñúgkarBN(nanUvjaN kñúg karcüút nig karcUleTAekIt énstVTaMgLay dUcteTAenH .

‘EkGtæ:lIkñúgcutUb:tJ¦aN’

Zm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBV rbs´xøÜnpg . jaNckú¡ eQμaHza CaTiBV eRBaHmanBnøWPøWxøaMg edaykarkMNt´nUvGaelakksiNpg . eQμaH za CaTiBV eRBaHmandMeNIreTAxøaMg edaykareXIjnUvrUb EdltaMg

Baküza ²cutUb:tJ¦aNay³ esckþIza edIm|Idwgkñúgkarcüút

enA kñúgTImanxageRkACJ¢aMgCaedIm:npg . Baküza ²TiBV³ TaMg

nig kñúgkarcUleTAekIt . manGZib|ayza ²karcüút nig karcUl

Gs´enaH bNÐiKb|IRCab tamTMngénKm¬IrsMrab´Eks&BÞÉeNaHcuH .

eTAekIt énstVTaMgLay KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RCab edayjaN

jaNenaHeQμaHza ckú¡ eRBaHGtæza eXIj mYyeT[t eQμaH

ÉNaç edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´jaNenaH KWedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´TiBVckú¡ jaN³ . Baküza ²citþM GPinIhrti GPinienñaemti³ esckþIza Pikú¡

za ckú¡ eRBaHdUcCaEPñk ehtueZVIkic©énEPñk . jaNckú¡enaH

eQμaHza

sÁatEbøk

eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH

enaH begÁanbrikmμcitþeTA nigbJ¢ÚnbrikmμcitþeTA . Baküza ²esa³

mankarsÁatedayviessKWTidðiCaehtu eRBaHkiriyaeXIjnUvkarcüúti

KWPikú¡GñkmankarbegÁancitþeTA :neZVIehIyenaH . cMENkkñúgBakü

nigkarcUleTAekIt . eRBaHza buK<lNa eXIjRtwmEtcutibu¨eNÑaH

TaMgLaymanBaküza ²TieBVn³ dUecñHCaedIm manGZib|aydUcteTA

mineXIjnUvkarcUleTAekIt buK<lenaH EtgRbkan´ykóecäTTidði .

‘TiBVckú¡’

buK<lNa eXIjnUvRtwmEtkarcUleTAekItbu¨eNÑaH mineXIjnUvcuti

ckú¡ eQμaHza TiBV eRBaHPav;énckú¡enaHdUcCarbs´TiBV . Emn

buK<lenaH EtgRbkan´ykssStTidði eRBaHkarekIteLIgR:kd én

Bit bsaTckú¡ rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay CaZmμCatekItGMBIsucritkmμ

stVzμI . cMENkbuK<lNaeXIjnUvcuti nig karcUleTAekItTaMgBIr

KWeTasTaMgLay manRbmat´ esøsμ nig QamCaedIm minraMgsÞH

enaH buK<lenaH eRBaHehtuEdlrMlgputnUvTidðiTaMgBIry¨agenaH:n

ehIy GacTTYlnUvGarmμN¾ sUm|IkñúgTIqáay:n eRBaHPav;énTiBV

eTIbkareXIjenaH rbs´buK<lenaH CaehtuénTidðivisuTÆi . cMENkÉ

ckú¡enaH rYcRsLHehIycakeRK]gesAhμg eTIbeQμaHzaCaTiBV . k*

Pikú¡BuTÆbuRtTaMgLay EtgeXIjnUvcuti nig ób:tTaMgBIrenHBit .

sUm|IjaNckú¡ EdlekItGMBIkMLaMg énvIriyPavnaenH k*R:kddUc

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úMeBalza ²jaNckú¡enaH eQμaHza sÁat

CabsaTckú¡enaHEdr eRBaHehtuenaH jaNckú¡enaH eTIbeQμaHza

Ebøk eRBaHCaehtuénTidðivisuTÆi eRBaHkareXIjTaMgcutiTaMgób:t³ .

TiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNckú¡enaH R:kdesμIdUcCaTiBV . jaNckú¡

jaNckú¡enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²eQμaHza knøgnUvckú¡Carbs´

enaH

mnusS eRBaHeXIjnUvrUbknøgóbcar; rbs´mnusS:n ß eQμaHza

eQμaHza TiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH

KWPikú¡:ncMeBaHehIy


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

knøgnUvckú¡Carbs´mnusS eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH knøgnUvmMsckú¡

Baküza ²TuBVeNѳ KW eQμaHza Rbkbedaysm|úrminCaTIR:zña

EdlCarbs´énmnusS . edayTiBVckú¡ d*brisuTÆsÁat knøgnUvckú¡Ca

minCaTIrIkray nig minCaTIeBjcitþ eRBaHRbkbedaypléneTas;

rbs´mnusSenaH .

GZib|ayza ²manrUbminlÁepSgBIrUbsmrmü³ . Baküza ²suKet³

Baküza ²setþ bsSti³ KW Pikú¡RkeLkemIlnUvstVTaMgLay dUcCaeKemIleXIj

edaymMsckú¡EdlCarbs´mnusS

.

kñúgBIr

bTza ²cvmaen óbbC¢maen³ enaH manGZib|ayza ; kñúgxN; éncutikþI kñuúgxN;énóbbtþikþI GñkNamYyminGacedIm|IeXIj eday TiBVckú¡:neT . cMENkstVTaMgLayNa CaGñkmancutiCit nwg cüút kñúgeBl«LÚvenH eRBaHehtuenaH stVTaMgLayenaH RBHman RBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIyza ²kMBugcüút³ dUecñHç cMENkÉstVTaMg LayÉNa

Edlcab´bdisnÆiehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH

stVTaMgLayenaH

ekItehIy

Gm|aj´mijenH

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´sMEdg

ehIyza ²kMBugcUleTAekIt³ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgza ²Pikú¡ enaHeXIj nUvstVTaMgLayenaH EdlkMBugcüút nig kMBugcUleTA ekIt mansPaBEbbenH³ dUecñH . Baküza ²hIen³ esckþIza eQμaHzaRtUveKeb[teb[nehIy KW eb[teb[nRCulehIy lamehIy lamejasehIy edayGMNac énehtuTaMgLay manCatiRtkUl nig ePaK; CaedIm EdleQμaHza

KWdl´ehIynUvKtilÁ ß KWza CaGñksþúksþmÖ CaGñkmanRTBüeRcIn eRBaHRbkbedayplénGelaP; . Baküza ²TuK<et³ KW dl´nUv TuKti ß TIT&lRk KWza man:ynigTwktic eRBaHRbkbedaypl énelaP; . Baküza ²yzakmμúbeK³ KW kmμNa> EdlxøÜnsnSM TukehIy cUldl´ehIy edaykmμenaH> .

‘yzakmμúbKJ¦aN’ ‘256’ kñúgbTTaMgenaH kic©énTiBVckú¡ RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´ Rtas´ehIy

edaybTxagedImTaMgLay

manbTza

²cvmaen³

dUecñHCaedIm . cMENkkic©ényzakmμúbKJ¦aN ‘jaNdwgza stV cUldl´Ktitamkmμrbs´xøÜn’

KWRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy

edaybT

‘yzakmμúbeK’enH . k*enHCalMdab´énkarekIteLIgénjaNenaH . Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cMerInGaelakksiN omanmuxeq¬aHeTA kan´nrk BÆd*xageRkam rEmgeXIjnUvstVTaMgLay EdlekItkñúg nrk EdlkMBugEtesaynUvesckþITuk¡d*ZMç kareXIjenaH RKan´Et Cakic© énTiBVckú¡bu¨eNÑaHÉg . Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHza

Tabezak eRBaHRbkbedayplénemah; . Baküza ²bNIet³ KW

²stVTaMgLayenH eZVInUvkmμGVIhñ@ :nCaesaynUvesckþITuk¡enH³ .

eQμaHzapÞúyGMBIezakTabenaH eRBaHRbkbedayplénGemah; .

lMdab´enaH jaNEdlmankmμenaHCaGarmμN¾ k*ekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡

Baküza ²suveNѳ KW eQμaHza RbkbehIyedaysm|úrCaTIR:zña CaTIrIkray nig CaTIeBjcitþ

eRBaHRbkbedayplénGeTas; .

enaHza ²stVTaMgenH esaynUvmhaTuk¡enH eRBaHeZVIkmμeQμaHenH³ dUecñH . n&ydUcKñaenaH Pikú¡ cMerInGaelakksiNomanmuxeq¬aHeTA


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452

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kan´eTvelak BÆd*xagelI rEmgeXIjnUvstVTaMgLay EdlkMBug

vinas CaGñkriHKn´ GZib|ayza CaGñkeCr CaGñktiHed[l nUvRBH

Etesaysm|tþid*eRcIn kñúgTiBVvimanTaMgLay mannnÞv&n misSkv&n

Griy; KW RBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig RBHsav&kTaMgLay eday

nig :ruskv&nCaedImç sUm|IkareXIjenaH k*RKan´EtCakic©énTiBVckú¡

ehaceTAsUm|IRBHesatabnñCaRKhsæTaMgLay edayGnþimvtæú ß

hñwgÉg . Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHza ²stVTaMgLayenH

edaykarkMcat´KuN . kñúgGakar;TaMg 2 enaH buK<lGñkeBalza

eZVInUvkmμGVIhñ@ eTIbesaynUvsm|tþienH³ . lMdab´enaH jaNEdl

²smNZm( rbs´buK<lTaMgLayenH minmaneTç buK<lTaMgenHmin

mankmμenaHCaGarmμN¾

²stVTaMgenH

EmnCasmN;eT³ dUecñH Kb|IRCabza ²tiHed[l edayGnþimvtæú³ .

esaynUvsm|tþienH eRBaHeZVInUvkmμeQμaHenH³ dUecñH . jaNKWkar

buK<lkaleBal nUvBaküTaMgLaymanBaküza ²QankþI viemak¡kþI

dwgenH eQμaHza yzakmμúbKJ¦aN . eQμaHza brikmμepSg min

mK<kþI plkþI rbs´buK<lTaMgLayenHminmaneT³ dUecñHCaedIm Kb|I

mandl´jaNenHeT . k*brikmμepSg énjaNenH minman y¨ag

RCabza ²eBaltiHed[ledayGMNacénkarkMcat´KuN³ . k*buK<l

Naç sUm|IGnaKtMsJ¦aN k*minman brikmμepSg y¨agenaHEdr .

GñktiHed[lenaH kaldwg eBaltiHed[lkþI kalmindwg k*eBaltiH

eRBaHza

ed[lnUvRBHGriy;kþIç ‘kartiHed[lenH’ CakartiHed[l nUvGriy;

k*ekIteLIg

dl´Pikú¡enaHza

jaNEdlmanTiBVckú¡CaTItaMgTaMgLayhñwgÉg

rEmg

sMerc:n CamYynwgTiBVckú¡enHEmnBit .

edayRbkarTaMgBIrEmnBit . kartiHed[lRBHGriy;enH Cakmμd*Zán´

‘Tuc©rit’

Xat´sYK(pg Xat´mK<pg RbEhlKñanwgGnnþriykmμEdr bu¨EnþCakmμ

kñúgbTTaMgLaymanbTza ²kayTuc©rietn³ dUecñHCaedIm man GZib|ayza ; karRbRBwtþiGaRkk´ ß karRbRBwtþi RtUveTasRbTUsþ ehIy

eRBaHCakarRbRBwtþiEdlsÁúyedaykiels

eRBaHehtuenaH

EdlenAEk:n .

edIm|IbMPøW nUvkmμKWkartiHed[l nUvRBHGriy;enaH

o:nc|as´las´ bNÐitKb|IRCaber]genH dUcteTA .

‘er]gPikú¡kMeLaHtiHed[lRBHGriy;’

eTIbeQμaHza Tuc©rit . karRbRBwtþiGaRkk´edaykay ß karRbRBwtþi

:n»mkza RBHezr;mYyGg< nig Pikú¡kMeLaHmYyGg< Rtac´eTA

GaRkk´ EdlekIteLIgehIy tampøÚvkay ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza

biNÐ:Rt kñúgRsukmYy . elakTaMg 2 Gg<enaH :nnUvbbrekþA

kayTuc©rit .

RtwmEtmYye:y kñúgpÞHCadMbUghñwgÉg . ÉcMeBaHRBHezr; xül´

n&y sUm|IkñúgbTTaMgLayeRkAenH k*n&yenHEdr .

bTza ²smnñaKta³ CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy .

‘GriyubvaT’ Baküza ²GriyanM óbvaTka³ esckþIza CaGñkR:zñanUvesckþI

kñuúgeBaH cat´edat . RBHezr;enaH Kitza ²bbrenH CaTIsb|ay dl´GatμaGjç bbrenH minTan´RtCak´ drabNa GatμaGjnwghut nUvbbrenaH drabenaH³ dUecñH . elakKg´hutbbr elIkMNat´eQI


visuTÆimK< ERb

453

EdlbuK<lTaMgLay naMmkehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´ZrNITVar . Pikú¡kMeLaHeRkAenH

k*xñaj´cMeBaHRBHezr;enaH

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eTasenaH dl´x\úMRBHkruNapgcuH³ .

²elakta

RbsinNaebI RBHGriy; CaGñkec[secjeTAehIykan´Tis

cas´ eRskXøanxøaMgkøaNas´ eTIb:neZVInUvkmμEdlKYrxμaseG[n

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeTAedayxøÜnÉg ß bJ¢ÚnshZmμikTaMgLay

dl´GtμaGj³ . RBHezr; Rtac´eTA kñúgRsukehIy k*nimnþeTAvtþ

mansTÆiviharikCaedImeTA ehIyKb|IjúaMgRBHGriy;oGt´eTasoç

eBaleTAkan´Pikú¡kMeLaHza ²mñalGavuesa TIBwg kñúgRBHsasnaenH

Etza RbsinebIPikú¡GñktiHed[l CaGñkminGacedIm|IeTA TaMgminGac

rbs´Gñk manEdrßeT/³ . Pikú¡kMeLaHTUlza ²RBHkruNa RBHKuN

edIm|IbJ¢ÚneTAeTç RtUveTAkan´sMNak´énPikú¡TaMgLay EdlKg´enA

m©as´ x\úMRBHkruNa CaesatþabnñbuK<l³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²mñal

kñuúgvtþenaHç zaebI Pikú¡TaMgenaH CaGñkekμgCagç Kb|IGg<úyRcehagç

Gavuesa ebIdUecñaH GñkkMu:neZVIehIy nUvesckþIBüayam edIm|ImK<

zaebIPikú¡TaMgenaHCaGñkcas´Cagç Kb|IRbtibtþi tamn&yEdlelak

BÆd*xagelIeLIy³ . Pikú¡kMeLaH TUlsYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI RBHKuN

eBalehIy kñúgvuD¿buK<lnu@HÉg ehIyKb|IeBal suMxmaeTasza

m©as´/³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²RBHxINaRsBKWGñktiHed[lehIy³.

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´

Pikú¡kMeLaHenaH júaMgRBHezr;enaH oGt´eTasehIy . eRBaHkarsMu

elakd*manGayueQμaHÉeNaH

xmaeTasenaH

nUveTasenaHdl´x\úMpg³ dUecñH . kalebIRBHGriy;minGt´eTaso

kmμenaH

eBalza

454

rbs´Pikú¡kMeLaHenaH

k*:nCakmμtaMgenA

tamRbRktIvijehIy .

kñúgTIcMeBaHmuxeTç

‘viZIxmaeTas’

x\úM:neBalehIy

nUvBaküenHpg>

cMeBaH

sUmelakd*manGayuGg<enaH

Gt´

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeZVIkarjúaMgPikú¡TaMgenaH o

Gt´eTasenaHoEmnBit .

eRBaHehtuenaH sUm|IbuK<lÉNamYy tiHed[l nUvRBHGriy;ç

RbsinNaebI RBHGriy;enaH CaPikú¡GñkRtac´eTAEtmñak´Égç TI

buK<lGñktiHed[lenaH Kb|IeTAç zaebIelakcas´CagxøÜn Kb|IGg<úy

kEnøgEdlelakKg´enA k*minR:kd TIEdlelakeTA k*minR:kdç

RcehagehIy júaMgRBHGriy;oGt´eTasoza ²x\úM:neBalehIy

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeTAkan´sMNak´ énPikú¡CabNÐitmYyrUb ehIy

nUvBaküenHpg>

Kb|IeBalza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ x\úM:neBal nUvBaküenHpg>

cMeBaHelakd*manGayuç

sUmelakm©as´Gt´nUv

eTasenaH dl´x\úMpg³ dUecñHehIyç zaebI Pikú¡GñktiHed[lenaHekμg

cMeBaHelak

Cag RtUvzVaybg<MehIyGg<úyRcehag p<gGJ¢lI júaMgRBHGriy;

enaHer]y> EtgmanesckþIsþayeRkay etIx\úMnwgeZVIdUcemþceTA/³ .

oGt´eTasoza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ x\úMkruNa :neBalehIy

Pikú¡CabNÐitenaH nwgeBalza ²elakm©as´ kMuKiteLIyç RBHezr;

nUvBaküenHpg>

nwgGt´eTasodl´elakm©as´ç sUmelakm©as´eZVIcitþosáb´cuH³ .

cMeBaHRBHKuNm©as´

sUmRBHKuNm©as´

Gt´nUv

d*manGayueQμaHÉeNaHç

kalx\úMrlwkeXIjnUvBakü


visuTÆimK< ERb

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456

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ÉPikú¡GñktiHed[lRBHGriy;enaH RtUvEbrmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TisEdlRBH

GnnþriykmμEmnBit .

Griy;nimnþeTAehIy p<gnUvGJ¢lIehIy Kb|IeBalza ²sUmRBH

Rtas´RBHtRmas´enH za ²mñalsarIbuRt Pikú¡ bribUN(edaysIl

Griy;enaHGt´eTasopg³ .

ehIy bribUN(edaysmaZiehIy bribUN(edaybJ¦aehIy Kb|I

RbsinNaebI

RBHGriy;enaH

CaGñkbriniBVaneTAehIyç

BitEmn sUm|IRBHd*manRBHPaK k*RTg´:n

Pikú¡

sMercGrhtþpl kñúgbc©úb|nñenHÉg y¨agNamijç mñalsarIbuRt

GñktiHed[lenaH Kb|IeTAkan´kEnøgERKEdlelakbriniBVan ßk* eTA

tzaKt eBalnUvehtu ‘énkarminlHbg´nUvvacaCaedIm rbs´buK<l

kan´TIRtwmEtéRBsμsan ehIyKb|IsMuxmaeTas .

enaH’ za manóbemyüRbEhlKñay¨agenaHEdr . buK<lenaHebImin

kalebIPikú¡GñktiHed[leZVI ‘karsMuxmaeTas’ y¨agenHehIyç

lHbg´nUvvacaenaHeT

minlHbg´nUvcitþenaHeT

minlHbg´nUvTidði

kmμenaH min:nXat´sYK( min:nXat´mK<eT KWCakmμtaMgenAtam

enaHeT nwgZøak´eTArgTuk¡ kñúgrnk dUcCaeKnaMykeTATmøak´ y¨ag

RbRktIvijhñwgÉg edayRbkardUecñH .

dUecñaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

‘micäaTidði’

mYyeT[t eTasdéT eQμaHzamaneTasZMCag

micäaTidði minmaneLIy .

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

‘257’ buK<lGñkmankaryl´eXIjvibrit eQμaHza Gñkman

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKtrMBwgemIlmineXIjZm(déT sUm|IEtZ(m

esckþIyl´eXIjxus . buK<lTaMgLayNa CaGñkmankmμman

mYyEdlmaneTasZMy¨agenH dUcmicäaTidðienHeLIy Pikú¡TaMgLay .

EbbepSg> smaTanehIy edayGMNacénkaryl´eXIjxuspg

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eTasTaMgLay manEtmicaTidðiCaeTaséRkElg

júaMgCnTaMgLayÉeT[t> odl´RBm kñúgkmμTaMgLay mankay

‘2’ ³ dUecñHÉg .

kmμCaedIm

Edlmankaryl´xusCab\sKl´pg

‘G:y TuK<ti vini:t niry;’

buK<lTaMgLay

enaH eQμaHza CaGñkmankmμsmaTan edayGMNacénmicäaTidði .

Baküza ²eRBaHkarEbkZøayénragkay³ KW

eRBaHlHbg´nUv

k*kñúgGriyubvaT nig micäaTidðienH sUm|IkalebIGriyubvaT KW

ó:Tinñk¡nÆ . Baküza ²bnÞab´GMBIesckþIsøab´eTA³ KWkñúgkarkan´yk

elakse®g<aHehIy edays&BÞKWvcITuc©rithñwgÉg nig kalebImicäa

nUvxnÆ EdlekItehIy kñúglMdab´ énó:Tinñk¡nÆenaH . müa¨geT[t

Tidði

Etkar

Baküza ²eRBaHkarEbkZøayénragkay³ KW eRBaHkiriyakat´pþac´nUv

Rtas´nUvbTTaMgBIrenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvPav;

CIviti®nÞIy¾ . Baküza ²bnÞab´GMBIesckþIsøab´eTA³ KWkñúgxagelI GMBI

énGriyubvaT nig micäaTidðienaH maneTaseRcIn³ . BitEmnehIy

cuticitþeTA .

KWelakse®g<aHehIy

edaymenaTuc©rits&BÞk*edayç

GriyubvaT eQμaHza maneTaseRcIn eRBaHCaeTasRbEhlKñanwg

1- suÇ mÇ KaKTI 20 TMB&rTI 271 . 2- GMÇ ÉkÇ PaKTI 40 TMB&r 76 .


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Baküza ²G:y³ y¨agenHdUecñHCaedIm TaMgGs´CaBaküpøas´

EmnBit niry; eQμaHzaG:y eRBaHR:sehIy cakesckþI cMerIn EdlsnμtehIyza buNüEdlCaehtuénsY(K nig niBVan ß

TuK<tipg eRBaHR:scaksuKti nig eRBaHCadMeNIrénesckþITuk¡ .

niry; eQμaHza CaTuK<ti eRBaHCadMeNIr KWCaTIGaRs&y én esckþITuk¡ . müa¨geT[t eQμaHza TuK<ti eRBaHCadMeNIr EdlekIt GaRkk´

vinas dUcCaGsur eLIy . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvGsurkay edayvini:ts&BÞ . EmnBit GsurkayenaH eQμaHza G:ypg eQμaHza TuK<tipg

za eRBaHminmanesckþIcMerIn énesckþIsuxTaMgLay .

edaykmμEdleQμaHza

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

EtmineQμaHza vini:t eRBaHeRbtvis&yenaHmin:nZøak´eTA y¨ag

bþÚrnwgBaküza nrk hñwgÉg .

ehIy

458

eRBaHPav;énkmμenaHeRcIn

EmnBit edayesckþIdUcEdlelakeBalehIy nig elakehAza vini:t eRBaHGsurkayenaH Zøak´R:scakesckþIcMerInsBVRKb´ . RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvniry; maneRcInRbkar man GvicICaedImhñwgÉg edaynirys&BÞ .

edayeTas; . niry; eQμaHza vini:t eRBaHCaTIZøak´cuHeTA edayminman GMNacénbuK<lGñkeZVInUvesckþIGaRkk´TaMgLay . müa¨gvijeT[t

bTza ²óbbnña³ KW cUldl´ehIy GZib|ayza ²ekItcMeBaH ehIy kñúgG:yCaedImenaH³ .

‘suKti’

eQμaHza vini:t eRBaHCaTIZøak´cuHeTA y¨agvinas KWmanGvyv;tUc ZM EbkZøay ‘énbuK<lGñkeZVIGaRkk´TaMgLay’ dUecñHk*:n . Gay; ‘esckþIcMerIn’ EdlsMKal´ehIyzaesckþIeRtkGr min mankñúgTIenaH eRBaHehtuenaH TIenaH eTIbeQμaHza niry; .

cMENkxaglÁ

bNÐitKb|IRCab

edaybriyaypÞúy

Edl

elakeBalehIyhñwgÉg . EtesckþIEbøkKña dUcteTAenH . kñúgBaküza suKti CaedImenaH ÉdMeNIreTAkan´mnusS elak

n&ymYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvkMeNIt énstV

se®g<aH edaysuKtis&BÞ . elakse®g<aH dMeNIreTAkan´eTvelak

tircäan edayG:ys&BÞ . EmnBit kMeNIt énstVtircäanTaMg

hñwgÉg edaysK<s&BÞ . esckþIénBaküenHza ²kñúgBaküzasuKti

Lay eQμaHzaG:y eRBaHR:scaksuKtiç EtmineQμaHza TuK<ti

enaH eQμaHza suKti eRBaHCadMeNIrlÁ . eQμaHza sYK( eRBaH

eRBaHCaTIekItRBménstVtircäanTaMgLay Edlmans&kiþZMmanesþc

RbesIredayRbéB edayGarmμN¾TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm . TaMg

naKCaedIm .

Gs´enaHÉg eQμaHza elak eRBaHGtæza RTuDeRTameTA³ dUecñH .

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUveRbtvis&y edayTuK<tis&BÞ . EmnBit eRbtvis&yenaH eQμaHza G:ypgEmnBit

eQμaHza

BakümanBaküza niKmvcn;TaMgGs´ .

²«ti TieBVn ckú¡na³ dUecñHCaedIm KWCa esckþIEdleBalmkenH CaesckþIseg¡b


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460

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúg:lIenHza ²Pikú¡eXIj edayckú¡dUcCaTiBV³ edayRbkardUecñH .

:t´eTAehIy sUm|IvtæúEdldl´nUvrUb k*minR:kd . kalebIdUecñaH

‘cab´epþImeZVITiBVckú¡’

RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IcUlnUvQanCaTItaMgenaHÉg ecjGMBIQanenaH

‘258’ cMENkÉkulbuRtCaGaTikmμik; GñkR:zñaedIm|IeXIj

ehIy Kb|IpSayBnøW o:ner]y> cuH . kalebIeZVIy¨agenH BnøW

y¨agenH Kb|IeZVInUvQan manGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg EdlmanksiNCa

k*rEmgdl´nUvPaBrwgmaM edaylMdab´ . RBHeyaKIenaH GZidðanza

GarmμN¾oKYrdl´karnaMcitþeTAedayGakarTaMgBYgehIy eZVIksiN

²BnøWcUrmankñúgTIenH³ dUecñHehIy kMNt´Gs´TIRtwmNaç BnøW k*fit

NamYy kñúgcMeNamksiNTaMgLay 3 enH KW eteCaksiN

enA kñúgTIRtwmenaHÉg . kareXIjrUb rEmgman dl´RBHeyaKIGñk

OTatk,siN Gaelak,siN oCaksiNCit . kulbuRtenaHKb|I

Gg<úyemIlGs´mYyézák*:n . k*bursGñkedIreTAkan´pøÚv kñúgeBl

cMerInóbc©arCÄan eZVIoCaGarmμN¾ehIy tm,l´Tuk . GZib|ayza

yb´ edayKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμA Caóbma kñúgBaküEdleBalenH .

²Gb|na KWRBHeyaKI minKYroekIteLIg kñúgGarmμN¾Edl:ncMerIn

:n»mkza bursmñak´eTAkan´pøÚv kñúgevlayb´ edayKb´ePøIg

ehIyenaHeT³ . eRBaHza RbsinebIRBHeyaKI júaMgGb|naoekIt

eZVIGMBIesμA . Kb´ePøIgeZVIGMBIesμAenaH rbs´bursenaH rlt´ehIy .

eLIg . GarmμN¾enaH k*CaTIGaRs&yénQanEdlCaeRK]gRT min

RKaenaH TIrabesμI nig minrabesμI minR:kdehIydl´bursenaH .

EmnCaTIGaRs&yénbrikmμeT .

bursenaH ek[rnUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH elIEpndI júaMgKb´ePøIgo

k*kñuúgksiNTaMg 3 enH Gaelak,siN Etmüa¨g RbesIrbMput

eqHehIymþgeT[t . k*Kb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH luHeqHehIy :neZVI

Cag eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgGaelak,siNenaH ßjúaMg

ehIynUvBnøWd*viessCagBnøWEdlmanmkBImun . kalebIbursenaH

bNþaksiNTaMgLayeRkABIenH ksiNNamYy oekIeLIg tam

eZVIKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμA Edlrlt´ehIy> oeqHeLIgvijer]y> y¨ag

n&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgksiNnieTÞsehIy otaMgenA kñúg

enHç RBHGaTitü k*rHeLIgehIy tamlMdab´ . kalebIRBHGaTitü

óbc©arPUmienHÉg

rHeLIgehIyç kareRbIKb´ePøIg k*minman dUecñaH bursenaH k*ecal

ehIyKb|IcMerIncuH

.

sUm|In&y

kñúgkarcMerIn

GarmμN¾enaH k*bNÐiKb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúg

kñúgBaküóbmaTaMgLayenaH BnøWénksiN kñúgkalCaTIeZVInUv

ksiNnieTÞsenaHdUcKñaEdr . RBHeyaKI

Kb|IeXIjrUbEdlman

nUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH :neTAehIy Gs´mYyézák*:n .

xagkñúgénTIEdlxøÜncMerIn

brikmμ eRb[bdUcCaBnøWénKb´ePøIg .

karEdlÇÇÇkalebIBnøW rlt´

ehIy> Etmüa¨g . k*kalRBHeyaKIenaH eXIjnUvrUbç var;énbrikmμ

ehIy eRBaHehtuEdlÇÇÇ kalRBHeyaKIemIlnUvrUb knøgnUvvar;én

EtgRbRBwtþeTA . bnÞab´BIenaHmk BnøW k*:t´eTA . kalebIBnøWenaH

brikmμ k*mineXIjrUbTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa kalebIKb´ePøIg rlt´


visuTÆimK< ERb

461

462

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ehIy mineXIj nUvTIrabesμI nig minrabesμI y¨agdUecñaHÉg . kar

eRBaHehtuza buzuC¢nenaH GZidðanza ²BnøWcUrman³ dUecñH kñúgTINa>ç

cUleTAer]y> hak´bIdUcCakarjc´nUvKb´ePøIg . kalebIRBHeyaKI

TIenaH> CaTImanBnøWEtmYy TMluHnUvEpndI smuRT nig PñMk*:nç kñúg

eZVInUvbrikmμ mþgeT[t karpSaynUvBnøWd*mankMLaMgedayviesseTA

RKaenaH kalebIbuzuC¢nenaH eXIjnUvrUbénGmnusS manykS nig

hak´bIdUcCakarEdlKb´ePøIgeZVInUvBnøWd*ZMedayviess CagBnøWEdl

GarkSTwkCaedImEdlKYroP&yxøac kñúgTIenaH P&y rEmgekIteLIgç

manmkkñúgkalmun . karEdlBnøWd*mankMLaMgrwgmaM fitenA tam

EdlCaehtuobuzuC¢nenaH

TIEdl:nkMNt´Tuk hak´bIdUcCakarEdlRBHGaTitürHeLIg . kar

eRBaHQank*za:n eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI minKYrRbmaT kñúgkar

EdlRBHeyaKI lHbg´ecalnUvBnøWd*tictYc ehIyemIlnUvrUb Gs´

eXIjrUbeLIy .

eBjmYyézá

edayBnøWEdlmankMLaMgrwgmaM

hak´bIdUcCakarEdl

burs e:HnUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAecalehIy edIreTA:n rhUteBj

dl´nUvkarrevIrvaycitþ

CaGñkq,ÜtvegVg

‘lMdab´énkarekIteLIgénTiBVckú¡’ kñúgxN;EdlTiBVckú¡ekItenaH enHKWCalMdab´ énkarekIteLIg énTiBVckú¡ . kalebImenaTVaravCncitþ eZVInUvrUbmanRbkardUceBal

mYyézá y¨agdUecñaH .

‘kalebITiBVckú¡ekIteLIg’

mkehIyenH oCaGarmμN¾ ekIteLIgehIy rlt´eTAvijç Cv&nTaMg

kñúgkareXIjnUvrUbenaH rUbenH KW rUbEdlenAxagkñúgeBaH rUb

Lay bYn ß R:M eZVInUvrUbenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ehIy ekIteLIg

EdlGaRs&yenA kñúghTyvtúæ rUbEdlGaRs&yenA kñúgépÞénEpndI

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabBaküTaMgBYg tamn&yEdlmanmk

BÆd*xageRkam rUbEdlenAxageRkACJ¢aMg xageRkAPñM nig xageRkA

kúñgkalmuncuH . sUm|IkñúgjaNenH kamavcrcitþTaMgLay Edl

kMEBg rUbEdltaMgenA kñúgcRkvaLdéT Edlminmkkan´rgVg´ én

Rbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar; CabuBVPaKcitþ ‘citþCacMENkxagedIm

mMsckú¡ rbs´Pikú¡enaH Etgmkkan´rgVg´énjaNckú¡ ‘rbs´Pikú¡enaH’

énjaNenH’ rU:vcrcitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgctutæCÄan CacitþjúaMg

CarUbhak´bIdUcCaR:kddl´mMsckú¡

RbeyaCn¾KWjaNenHosMerc kñúgTIbMputç jaN EdlekItRBm

kñúgkalNa

kñúgkalenaH

CamYynwgkamavcrcitþenaHÉg

bNþacitþEdlR:rBÆrUbenH TiBVckú¡bu¨eNÑaH GackñúgkareXIjrUb citþ

J¦aN³ dUecñHxøH za ²TiBVckú¡J¦aN³ dUecñHxøH .

CacMENkxagedImTaMgLay KμansmtæPaBkñúgkareXIjrUbeT .

‘TiBVckú¡CaGnþraydl´buzuC¢n’ k*TiBVckú¡nu@HÉgCaesckþIGnþraydl´buzuC¢n . eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

elakehAza

²stþanM cutUb:t-

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²TiBVckú¡ Cackú¡ekIteLIgehIy³ dUecñH . k*kñúg

ctUb:tJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

‘bkiNÑkkza’ k*RBHBuTÆCaTIBwg RBHGg<RTg´RCabnUvxnÆ 5 RTg´:n


visuTÆimK< ERb

463

Rtas´ehIy nUvGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 ÉNa edayRbkar dUceBalmkenHç bNÐit:nRCab nUvGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaHehIy Kb|IRCabbkiNÑkkzaenH kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMg

464

TaMg 7 edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ;

5 enaH EzmeT[tpg .

manbriPNÐJ¦aN‘jaNCabrivar’ dl´eTA 2 KW GnaKtMsJ¦aN 1 yzakmμúbKJ¦aN 1 . eRBaHehtuenaH GPiJ¦ajaNTaMgLay 7 mkehIy kñúgTIenH KW briPNÐJ¦aNTaMgLay 2 enHpg nig kñúgkal«LÚvenH

bNÐiKb|IsMEdg nUvkarRbRBwtþieTA énGPiJ¦ajaN TaMgLay 7 kñúgGarmμNtþik;TaMgLay 4 Edl RBHBuTÆ RTg´EsVgrknUvKuNd*ZM RTg´Rtas´TukehIy edIm|IkMuovegVgRcLM

«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza;

k*«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaHCabritþarmμN¾ eRBaHmanrUbkayCaGarmμN¾

k*kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaH TiBVckú¡ eBalKWcutUb:tJ¦aNenaH

GPiJ¦ajaN 5 man«TiÆviZCaedImpg .

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúgkarEvkEjknUvGarmμN¾

énGarmμNtþik;

TaMgLayenaH . enHKWCakarsMEdg kñúgGarmμNtþik;enaH . ‘259’ k*RbmaNbIénGarmμN¾TaMgLay 4 KWRBHmehsIRTg´ Rtas´ehIyç GarmμNtþik; TaMg 4 KWGVIxøH . KW britþarmμNtþik; ‘KW RbmaN 3 énbritþarmμN¾’ 1ç mK<armμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 én mK<armμN¾’ 1ç GtItarmμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 énGtItarmμN¾’ 1ç GCÄtþarmμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 énGCÄtþarmμN¾’ 1 .

‘ «TÆiviZJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 7 ’ kñúgGPiJ¦ajaNTaMgenaH «TÆiviZJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾

edayeZVIesckþIGZib|ayza ²kñúgeBlNa RBHeyaKI

eZVInUvkay

oGaRs&ynUvcitþ ehIyR:zñaedIm|IeTA edaykayEdlminR:kd eTIbbegÁannUvkayeTAedayGMNacéncitþ elIkeLIgnUvrUbkay kñúg mhK<tcitþ júaMgrUbkayoekIteLIg kñúgmhK<tcitþç kñúgeBlenaH rUbkay CaGarmμN¾Edl:nehIyedaykarcUleTARbkb³ dUecñHç «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CamhK<tarmμN¾ k*eRBaHmanmhK<citþ Ca GarmμN¾ eRBaHeZVIesckþIGZib|ayza ²kñúgeBlNa RBHeyaKI eZVI nUvcitþoGaRs&ynUvkay R:zñaedIm|IeTA edaykayEdlR:kd k* begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay eTIbelIkeLIgnUvcitþEdlman QanCaTItaMg kñúgrUbkay júaMgcitþEdlmanQanCaTItaMg oekIt eLIg

kñúgrUbkayç

kñúgeBlenaH

citþEdlmanQanCaTItaMg

Ca

GarmμN¾ Edl:nehIy edaykarcUleTARbkb³ dUecñHç mYyeT[t «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾ k*eRBaHeZVInUvcitþ nu@HÉg EdlknøgeTAehIy KWEdlrlt´eTAehIy oCaGarmμN¾ç «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGnaKtarmμN¾ sMrab´RBHeyaKITaMgLay GñkGZidðan ‘b\TÆi’ CaGnaKt dUcCa«TÆiviZJ¦aN rbs´RBHezr;TaMg LaymanRBHmhaksSbetærCaedIm kñúgkalbJ©úHRBHmhaZatu . :n»mkza RBHmhaksSetærkaleZVInUvkarbJ©úHRBHmhaZatu :n


visuTÆimK< ERb

465

466

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

GZidðanehIyza ²køinTaMgLayenH cUrkMusabrlabeLIy p,aTaMg

BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ; RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza

LayenH kMusVitRseBaneLIy RbTIbTaMgLayenH kMurlt´eLIy

k*TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNenaH eRBaHehtuEdleZVIsMeLg oCaGarmμN¾

Gs´ 218 qñaM kñúgGnaKtkal³ dUecñH . eRK]gRkGUbp,anigRbTIb

nig sMeLgCabritþZm( ‘Cakamavcr’ ehtuenaH eTIbCabritþarmμN¾ç

TaMgGs´enaH :nmanehIy dUcEdlelakGZidðanenaHÉg .

bu¨EnþeRBaHeZVIsMeLgEdlmanenaHÉg

oCaGarmμN¾

ehIyRbRBwtþ

RBHGsSKutþetær eXIjnUvPikú¡sg¹kMBugqan´nUv:yeRk[m kñúg

eTA eTIbCabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ç kñúgeBlEdlsþab´sMeLgkñúgeBaHrbs´

vtþniyesnasn; k*:nGZidðanza ²RtBaMgTwk cUreTACaTwkedaHCUr

xøÜn TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNenaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ç kñúgeBlEdlsþab´

kñúgeBlmunP&tþ ral´> ézá³ dUecñH . TwkEdlelakdgehIy kñúg

sMeLg énCnTaMgLaydéTeT[t CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ dUecñHÉg .

eBlmunP&tþ

ekIteTACaTwkedaHCUrç

kñúgeBleRkayP&tþ

vak*eTACa

karEdlTiBVesatZatuJ¦aN

RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg

Lay 4 bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yenHÉg edayRbkardUecñH .

TwktamRbRktIhñwgÉg . bu¨Enþ «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH Cabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIeZVInUv kay oGaRs&ynUvcitþehIy eTAedaykayEdlminR:kd .

‘ ecetabriyJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’ ‘260’ ecetabriyJ¦aN rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg

«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ eRBaHeZVInUvkaynigcitþrbs´

Lay 8 edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNa-

xøÜnoCaGarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdlbegÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay

rmμN¾ mK<armμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ nig

ß begÁankayeTA edayGMNacéncitþ nig kñúgeBlEdldMENg

BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ; RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; k*

xøÜneTACaePTepSg> manePTkumarCaedIm .

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CabritþarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdldwgnUvcitþEdl

bu¨Enþ «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdlsMEdg nUvrUbepSg> mandMrI nig esHCaedImCaxageRkA dUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IRCabkarRbRBwtþieTA

én«TÆiviZJ¦aN

kñúgGarmμN¾

TaMgLay 7 dUceBalmkenHÉg CadMbUg .

‘ TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 4 ’

Cakamavcr

énBYkCndéT

CamhK<tarmμN¾

kñúgeBlEdldwgnUv

citþEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr ‘énBYkCndéT’ CaGb|maNarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdldwgnUvmK< nig pl ‘énBYkCndéT’ . k*kñúgGb|maNarmμN¾enH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIEbøkKña dUc teTAenH KW ; ²buzuC¢n mindwgnUvcitþ énRBHesatabnñbuK<lç RBH

TiBVesatZatuJ¦aN EtgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 4

esatbnñbuK<lesat k*mindwgnUvcitþ énRBHskTaKamIÇÇÇÇ bNÐit

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ ehIynig

Kb|InaMykBaküdUceBalmkenH ‘Ezm’ rhUtdl´RBHGrhnþ . Et


visuTÆimK< ERb RBHGrhnþ eTIbdwgnUvcitþ énRBHGriy;TaMgBYg .

467

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH kñúgeBlEdlmanmK<citþ CaGarmμN¾ CamK<armμN¾ . cMENkRBHeyaKI dwgnUvcitþénBYkCndéT:n kñúg eBlxagkñúgénézá 7 EdlknøgeTAehIykþI kñúgeBlxagkñúgénézá 7 kñúgeBlNaç

kñúgeBlenaH

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾pg CaGnaKtarmμN¾pg .

‘ bc©úb|nñcitþ 3 ’ sYrza ²ecetabriyJ¦ajaNenaH Cabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ etIy¨ag dUcemþc / ³ .

eqøIyza ²eQμaHza bcú©b|nñ ‘citþ’ man 3 KW ;

xNb|c©úb|nñ 1 snþtib|c©úb|nñ 1

GTÆabc©úb|nñ 1 .

GPiJ¦anieTÞs mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI QrkñúgTIqáay sUm|IeXIjnUvkarkMerIkéd

sUm|IRBHGriy;

Can´x¬s´déTeT[t rEmgdwgnUvcitþénRBHGriy;Can´Tab³ dUecñHÉg .

EdlminTan´:nmkdl´ehIykþI

468

énCagRClk´ nig nUvvikar;énkardMnUvvtæúmans<rdac´CaedIm k*min Tan´»nUvsMeLgenAeLIyeTç sinç

luHEtdrabNa

sþab´nUvsMeLgenaH

sUm|IcenøaHenaH k*Kb|IRCabsnþtivar; mYyBIr . RBHmCÄimPaNkacarüTaMgLayeBaly¨agenHmun . cMENk

RBHsMyutþPaNkacarüTaMgLay eBalnUvsnþti 2 KW rUbsnþti 1 GrUbsnþti 1 ehIyeBalza ²kalbuK<ledIrCan´Twkç luHEtdrab Na KMnUsénTwkEdlCan´ehIy Ek|reqñr minTan´zøaç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþiti ‘1’ç kalebIbuK<lmkGMBIpøÚvqáayç luHEtdrabNa PaB ekþAsúÁH kúñgkay minTan´rmáab´ç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþti ‘1’ç kal buK<lmkGMBIkMedAézá ehIycUleTAkan´bnÞb´ç luHEtdrabNa PaB

kñúgbc©úb|nñ‘citþ’ TaMg 3 enaH ‘citþ’ Edldl´nUvkarekIteLIg

énggwtminTan´eTAR:sç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþti ‘1’ç kalPikú¡eZVI

kartaMgenA nig karEbkZøay eQμaHza xNb|c©úb|nñ . citþEdl

TukkñúgcitþnUvkmμdðan xagkñúgbnÞb´ ehIyebIkbgÚÁcRkeLkemIl kñúg

rab´bJ©Úlkñúgvar;éntMNcitþmYynigBIr eQμaHza snþtib|c©úb|nñ .

eBlézáç luHEtdrabNa PaBRBilénEPñkminTan´rmáab´ç enHeQμaH

‘snþtib|c©úb|nñ’

za rUbsnþti ‘1’ drabenaHç var;énCv&n 2-3 eQμaHzaGrUbsnþti³

bNÐitKb|IRCabGZib|ay kñúgsnþtib|c©úb|nñenaH dUcteTAenH GarmμN¾ rEmgminR:kd dl´buK<lEdlGg<úy kñúgTIggwt ehIy eTAkan´TIEdlmanBnøWPøameT luHEtdrabNa GarmμN¾enaH R:kd sinç

kñúgcenøaHenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabvar; éntMNmYyBIr .

dUecñHehIy eBalza ²snþtiTaMgBIrenaH eQμaHzasnþtib|c©úb|nñ³ .

‘GTÆabcú©b|nñ’ ZmμCatEdlkMNt´RtwmEtPBmYy

eQμaHza

GTÆabc©b|nñ

EdlRBHmhakc©ayn; sMedAyk eBalehIy kñúgPeTÞkrtþsURt

rUb EtgminR:kd sUm|Idl´buK<lEdlRtac´eTA kñúgTImanBnøW

za ²mñalGavuesa citÉNapg ZmμarmμN¾TaMgLayNapgç citþ

ehIy cUleTAbnÞb´tUc edayqab´PøameTç luHEtdrabNa rUbenaH

nigZmμarmμN¾TaMgBIrenaHÉg Cabc©úb|nñç viJ¦aN CaZmμCatCab´cM

R:kdsinç bNÐitKb|IRCabvar; énsnþtimYyBIr kñúgcenøaHenaH .

Bak´nwgqnÞraK kñúgcitþnigZmμarmμN¾Cabc©úb|nñenaHÉgç

buK<lrEmg


visuTÆimK< ERb

469

eRtkGrcMeBaHcitþ nig ZmμarmμN¾ Cabcú©b|nñenaH eRBaHviJ¦aNCab´

470

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

nig Cvncitþ dl´nUvPaBmanGarmμN¾epSg> kñúgTICaTIminR:zña³ .

cMBak´nwgqnÞraKç buK<l kaleRtkGrcMeBaHcitþ nig ZmμarmμN¾ Ca

cMENksnþtib|cú©b|nñ nig GTÆabc©úb|nñ bNiÐt Kb|IRCabza

bc©úb|nñenaH eQμaHza resmrsam kñúgBYkZm(TaMgLay EdlCa

²CaGarmμN¾ ‘énecetabriyJ¦aN’³ dUecñH . kñúgGdðkzasMyutþ

bc©úb|nñ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

elakeBalehIyza ²kñúgbc©úb|nñTaMgBIrenaH citþNa énbuK<ldéT

k*kñúgbc©úb|nñTaMgBIrenaH snþtib|c©úb|nñ mkehIy kñúgGdðkza

kñúgkalRbmaN 2-3 CvnvizI edayGMNacénGtIt ß GnaKt GMBICvnvizIEdlkMBugEtRbRBwtþeTAç citþ énbuK<ldéT TaMgGs´enaH

TaMgLayç GTÆabc©úb|nñ mkehIy kñúgRBHsURt . kñuúgbc©úb|nñcitþTaMg 3 enaH GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²citþ Ca

eQμaHza snþtib|c©úb|nñç cMENk GTÆabc©úb|nñ bNÐitKb|IsMEdg

xNb|c©úb|nñ cat´CaGarmμN¾ énecetabriyJ¦aN:n³ . sYrza

edayGMNacénCvnvar;³ dUecñH . BaküénRBHGdðkzacarüTaMgenaH

²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHza citþ rbs´buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

KWelakeBalehIyedayRbéB . enHCakarsMEdg kñúgGTÆabc©úb|nñ

nigbuK<ldéT rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;EtmYy:n³ . cMENkÉ

enaH dUcteTA ;

BaküenH CaBaküóbma éncitþTaMgLayenaHza ²kalebI:c´p,a KW

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|IdwgcitþénbuK<ldéT eTIbnwkrMBwg .

buK<le:HeTAehIyBÆd*Gakasç p,amYyTg rEmgCab´Tg edayTg

GavC¢n;‘citþenaH’ eZVIxNb|c©úb|nñ oCaGarmμN¾ehIy eTIbrlt´

énp,amYy

EdlmhaCn

eTA CamYynwgGarmμN¾enaHÉg . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Cv&nTaMgLay 4

nwkKitehIy edayGMNacCaRkumza ²GatμaGj nwgdwgnUvcitþ én

ß 5 EdlcugeRkay Ca«TÆicitþç Cv&nTaMgLay d*essenaH Ca

buK<ldéT³ dUecñHç citþ énbuK<lmñak´ rEmgcak´ZøúHcMeBaH edaycitþ

kamavcrç citþ Edlrlt´eTAehIyenaHÉg CaGarmμN¾ éncitþTaMg

mYy ‘énbuK<lNamñak´’ kñúgób|aTk¡N; ß fitik¡N; ß Pg<k¡N;

BYgTaMgLayenaH nig citþTaMgLayenaH minEmnCacitþmanGarmμN¾

edayBitR:kd k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ .

epSg> eT eRBaHPav;éncitþTaMgenaH manbc©úb|nñCaGarmμN¾ eday

edayBit

y¨agNamijç

kalebIcitþ

bu¨EnþBaküénekciGacarüTaMgenaH RtUv:neKbdiesZehIy kñúg

GMNacénkal

.

mYyeT[t

sUm|IkalebImanPav;éncitþ

man

GdðkzaTaMgLayza ²BaküenaH minKYr³ eRBaHbuK<lsUm|InwkrMBwg

GarmμN¾EtmYy «TiÆcitþhñwgÉg EtgdwgnUvcitþ rbs´buK<ldéT:nç

Gs´ 100 dgkþI 1ç000 dgkþI citþCaeRK]gKitrMBwg nig citþ Ca

citþTaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH dwgmin:neT eRb[bdUcCackú¡viJ¦aN kñúg

eRK]gdwgTaMgBIrenaH minmanTICamYyKña nigeRBaHeTasKWGavC¢ncitþ

ckú¡TVarbu¨eNÑaH EtgeXIjnUvrUbç viJ¦aNeRkAGMBIenH mineXIjeT

1- suÇ mÇ óÇ

PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 35 .

y¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb ecetabriyJ¦aNenH

manGarmμN¾Cabc©úb|nñ

471 edayGMNac

énsnþtic|c©úb|nñ nig GTÆabc©úb|nñ edayRbkardUecñHÉg . müa¨geT[t sUm|Isnþtib|c©úb|nñ k*RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGTÆabc©úb|nñ

472

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

sUm|IecetabriyJ¦¦aN nig yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNTaMgLay cat´Ca GtItarmμN¾ k*BitEmnehIy bu¨EnþebITukCadUecñaH bNþajaNTaMg BIrenaH ecetabriyJ¦aN

mancitþCaGtIt BÆd*xagkñúg énézá 7 Ca

pgEdr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH snþtib|c©úb|nñenaH bNÐit

GarmμN¾ . eRBaHza ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mindwgnUvxnÆdéT ß nUv

Kb|IRCabza bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ edayGMNacénGTÆabc©úb|nñenaHÉg .

vtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆdéTeTç Etedaybriyay elakeBalehIy

ÉecetabriyJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza BhiTÆarmμN¾ k*eRBaHman citþénbuK<ldéTCaGarmμN¾EmnBit edayRbkardUecñHÉg . karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énecetabriyJ¦aN bNÐitKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:nBN(namkehIyenHÉg .

‘ bueBVnivasJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’

za ²mK<armμN¾³ eRBaHmancitþEdlsm|yutþedaymK<CaGarmμN¾ . ÉyzakmμÚbKJ¦aN k*manRtwmEtectna EdlCaGtItbu¨eNÑaH Ca GarmμN¾ . bu¨EnþxnÆTaMgLay nig vtúæGVImYy EdlCab´Tak´Tgeday xnÆEdlCaGtIt eQμaHza minEmnCaGarmμN¾ énbueBVnivasJ¦aN minmaneT . eRBaHza bueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH CajaNmandMeNIr

‘261’ bueBVnivasJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8

esμIedaysBVJ¦útJ¦aN kñúgZm(TaMgLay KW xnÆ nig vtúæEdlCab´

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNarmμN¾ mK<a-

Tak´TgedayxnÆ EdlCaGtIt³ dUecñH . enHCan&yénGdðkza kñúg

rmμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ BhiTÆarmμN¾ nignvtþBVarmμN¾ .

er]gGtItarmμNJ¦aNenaH .

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²k*bueBVnivasJ¦aN

cMENkkñúgKmÖIrbdðan elakeBalehIyza ²xnÆTaMgLay Ca

enaH kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y>nUvxnÆEdlCakamavcr CabritþarmμN¾ç

kusl Cabc©&y én«TÆiviZJ¦aN énecetabriyJ¦aN énbueBVniva-

kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y> nUvxnÆEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr Ca

sanusStiJ¦aN ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN énGnaKtMsJ¦aN eday

mhK<tarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y> nUvmK<EdlxøÜn ß buK<l

GarmμNb|c©&y ‘1’ ³ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH xnÆTaMgLay

déTcMerInehIy nig nUvplEdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéT eZVIoCak´c|as´

4 k*CaGarmμN¾ énecetabriyJ¦aN nig yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN:n .

ehIykñúgGtItkal CaGb|maNarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y>

mYyeT[t kñúgjaNTaMg 2 enaH xnÆTaMgLay TaMgkusl TaMg

nUvmK<EdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéTcMerInehIyEtmüa¨g CamK<armμN¾ .

GkuslhñwgÉg CaGarmμN¾ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN Bit y¨agenH . ÉbueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH

bu¨Enþtamkarniym ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾ Emn Bit .

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIEbøkKñaenHKW ²kñúgjaNTaMgLaynu@H

1-

GPiÇ

kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvxnÆ rbs´

bÇ PaKTI 94 TMB&rTI 231 .


visuTÆimK< ERb xøÜn

CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvxnÆ

473 rbs´GñkdéT

474

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eQμaHza bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ eRBaHTiBVckú¡enaH RbRBwtþeTA kñúgrUbEdl

CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ . kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvvtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆ

kMBugmanbu¨eNÑaHç

mannam eKaRt nig nimitþénEpndICaedIm edayn&y manCaGaTi¾za

kñúgeBaHCaedIm rbs´xøÜn CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIeXIjnUvrUb

²kñúgGtItkal RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamvibsSI RTg´:nekIt

énbuK<ldéT CaBhiTÆarmμN¾³ dUecñHÉg .

ehIyç RBHmatarbs´RBHGg< RTg´RBHnamBnÆúmtIç RBHbita RTg´RBH namBnÆúma³ dUecñH bueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH CanvtþBVarmμN¾ . k*Baküza ²namnigeKaRt³ kñúgbTenH :ndl´sPav; Edl

kñúgkalCaTIeXIjnUvrUbkM:Mg

manrUbEdlenA

karRbRBwtiþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg 4 énTiBVckú¡J¦aN bNÐit Kb|IRCabdUceBalmkenHÉg .

‘ GnaKtMsJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’

Kb|IRCabesckþIénBüJ¢n;ç

‘262’ GnaKtMsJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8

minEmnCaBüJ¢n;eTç eRBaHza BüJ¢n;CaZmμCattUcqμar eRBaHPav;

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNarmμN¾ mK<a-

énBüJ¢n;enaH KWelakse®g<aHehIy edayTICaTIekIténs&BÞ ‘sTÞa

rmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ BhiTÆarmμN¾nignvtþBVarmμN¾.

ytn;’ . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za ²nirutþib|dismÖiTa

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²k*GnaKtMsJ¦aN

manGarmμN¾tUcqμar ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

enaH CabritþarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH nwg

Cab´edayxnÆ

sMercedaykarsmμtiç

karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énbueBVnivasJ¦aN

ekItkñúgkamavcrPB³ dUecñHç CamhK<tarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza

bNÐitKb|IRCab dUc:neBalmkenHÉg . enHCaesckþIKab´citþ

²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenHnwgekItkñúgrU:vcrPB ßGrU:vcrPB³ dUecñHç

rbs´eyIg kñúgnvtþBVarmμN¾nu@H .

CaGb|maNarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH nwg

‘ TiBVckú¡J¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 4 ’

júaMgmK<ocMerIn nwgeZVIiCak´c|as´nUvpl³ dUecñHç CamK<armμN¾ kñúg

TiBVckú¡J¦aN RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg 4 edayGMNac

kalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenHnwgcMerInmK<³ dUecñHhñwgÉg .

énbritþarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾ .

EtebIeBaltamniymehIy GnaKtMsJ¦aNnu@H CaGnaKta-

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTAy¨agdUcemþc/³ eqøIyza ²EmnBit TiBVckú¡J¦aN

rmμN¾ EmnBit .

enaH eZVInUvrUboCaGarmμN¾pg eZVInUvrUbCakamavcrpg eRBaHehtu

ecetabriyJ¦aN

Na eRBaHehtuenaH

dUecñaH ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mancitþCaGnaKt kñúgxagkñúgénézá 7

1- GPiÇ viÇ

TiBVckú¡J¦aN eTIbCabritþarmμN¾ç

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 50 .

mYyeT[t

kñúgGnaKtarmμNJ¦aNTaMgLayenaH sUm|I CaGnaKtarmμN¾

Etbu¨eNÑaH CaGarmμN¾ .

k*BitEmnehIy

EtebITukCa

eRBaHza ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mindwg


visuTÆimK< ERb

475

xnÆdéTpg nUvvtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆdéTpg . ‘Et’ vtúæGVImYy kñúg GnaKtkal eQμaHza minEmnCaGarmμN¾ énGnaKtMsJ¦aN min

476

GPiJ¦anieTÞs karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 5 ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN

bNiÐtKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:neBalmkenHÉg . cMENkkñúgkarBN(na nUvGCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾enH

maneT tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aN . CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²GatμaGjnwgekIt kñúgPB

BaküÉNaEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIyza ²yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN

ÉeNÑaH ‘kñúgGnaKt’³ dUecñH . CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza

enaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾pg CaBhiTÆarmμN¾pgEmnBit³ dUecñHç Bakü

²‘kñúgGnaKt’ buK<lÉeNaH nwgekItkñúgPBÉeNaH³ dUecñH . kñúg

enaH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIyza ²yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNnu@H CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kalCaTIdwgnUvnam nig eKaRt edayn&yza ²kñúgGnaKt RBHman

pg CaBhiTÆarmμN¾pg kñúgkalCaTIdwgkñúgxagkñúg tamkal kúñg

RBHPaK RBHnamemetyü nwgób|tþieLIgç RBahμN¾ eQμaHsuRBhμa

xageRkAtamkal bu¨eNÑaHÉg³ dUecñH .

nwgCabitarbs´RBHGg<ç RBahμNI eQμaHRBhμvtI nwgCamata rbs´ RBHGg<³ dUecñHCaedIm CanvtþBVarmμN¾ tamn&yEdl:neBalmk ehIy kñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aNhñwgÉg . karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énGnaKtMsJ¦aN bNÐitKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:neBalmkehIyenHÉg .

yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 5 eday mhK<tarmμN¾

GtItarmμN¾

GCÄtþarmμN¾

nigBhiTÆarmμN¾. sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTAdUcemþc/³. eqøIyza ²EmnBit yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNenaH CabritþarmμN¾

eQμaHGPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTiÆmK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyarIkrayTYeTA cb´ehIy edaynUvRbkarGm|alenHÉgehag . bkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 cb´

‘ yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 5 ’ GMNacénbritþarmμN¾

briecäT TI13

kñuúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμEdl

Cakamavcrç CamhK<tarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμEdlCarU:vcr



♣♣♣ :ner[ber[gcb´sBVRKb´ enAézáGg<ar 3 ekIt ExEcRt BÇsÇ 2551 RtUvnwgézá TI8 Exemsa KÇsÇ 2008 evlaem¨ag 7 yb´

nig GrU:vcrç CaGtItarmμN¾ eRBaHdwgnUvkmμEdlCaGtItEtmüa¨g bu¨eNÑaHç

CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμ

rbs´xøÜnç

BhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμ rbs´GñkdéT³ dUecñH .

Ca

    

Vishuddimakpre part2  
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