Proven Performance Rather Than Anticipated Outcomes
| Appropriate Sourcing
The intent of the Site Petal is to clearly articulate where it is acceptable for people to build, how to protect and restore a place once it has been developed, and to encourage the creation of communities that are once again based on the pedestrian rather than the automobile. Such communities should, in turn, be supported by local and regional agriculture, since no truly ‘sustainable’ community can exist that relies on globally-sourced food production.
The location for the new mixed use office building is along the lakefront in downtown Cleveland, Ohio. The site for the proposed building is on a previously developed site. It is to be built on the site of an existing parking lot.
By implementing PV panels (on the roof), Solar ray tinted glass (on the spandral glazing), Power generating tiles (throughout the high traffic areas of the building), Wind Turbines (on the west fire stair facade) the majority of the buildings energy will be generated on site. In addition, the implementation of natural ventilation will help reduce heating and cooling demands.
| Conservation & Reuse | Net Zero Energy Throughout the different phases of the building,
As stated above, with the use and implementation of these passive systems, the project will strive to reduce or eliminate the net zero energy will be reached. production of waste during the design, construction, operation and end of life phases in order to conserve natural resources.
| Limits to Growth Intent
The intent of the Health Petal is to focus on the major conditions that must be present to create robust, healthy spaces, rather than to address all of the potential ways that an interior environment could be compromised. Most buildings provide substandard conditions for health and productivity. There is a direct correlation between decreased comfort and increased environmental | Urban Agriculture The Living Building Challenge is comprised of seven performance areas, or ‘Petals’: Site, Water, Energy, Health, Materials, Equity and Beauty. Petals Based on the chart to the left, the building falls undertransect 6, which does impacts, since solutions in the physical environment to improve well-being are subdivided into a total of twenty Imperatives, each of which focuses on a not require any allowance for urban agriculture. However, there will be a pur- are often energy-intensive and wasteful. specific sphere of influence. This compilation of Imperatives can be applied posed garden on the seventh floor roof top green space that will allow occuImplementation to almost every conceivable Typology, or project type, be it a building (both pants to grow there own fruits and vegetables is so desired. renovation of an existing structure3, or new construction), infrastructure, | Habitat Exchange A healthy work envirnment is a key goal in our design. With the introduction landscape or community development. Naturally, strategies to create Living of various sensors throughout the workspace, a comfortable work space will Less than a hectacre of land will be developed thus, no land is required to be Buildings, Sites or Communities will vary widely by occupancy, use, construcbe provided to every occupant. set aside for habitat exchange. However, a winter gargen will be implemented tion type and location this is necessary but the fundamental considerations along the northern part of the purposed boardwalk. | Civilized Environment remain the same. | Car Free Living The building will use a number of different sensors to help maximize the ocTwo rules govern the standard With the Cleveland lakefront area being a multi mode for public transporta- cupiable spaces. Light senors will be used to reduce lighting needs and auto1) All Imperatives assigned to a Typology are mandatory. tion, the project encourages car free living. With access to the site by bus, matic windows that will control the operable windows to allow natural ventilatrain, boat and air, the occupants of the building are encouraged to use these tion as well as occupant comfort needs to be met. 2) Living Building Challenge certification is based on actual, rather than types of transportation. The project will also have bike retail and storage for | Healthy Air modeled or anticipated, those who wish to commute by bike. There will also be a locker room and Kitchens, restrooms, copy rooms, janitorial closets and any rooms containperformance. showers provided on the first floor of the building. ing chemicals will be separately ventilated and exhausted directly to the outFour Typologies: doors. Sensors to monitor carbon dioxide, temperature and humidity will also 1) Renovation: This typology is for any project that does not form the be installed throughout the building. This building will also be a smoke free substantial portion of a complete building reconstruction. Sample projbuilding. ects include single-floor tenant improvements, residential kitchen re- Water: | Biophilia models or historic rehabilitations of a portion of a building. With our site being on an existing site, no wetlands, primary dunes, old-growth forest, virgin prairie or prime farmland will be disturbed by the construction or our building.
The intent of the Water Petal is to realign how people use water and redefine ‘waste’ in the built environment, so that water is respected as a precious resource. Scarcity of potable water is quickly becoming a serious issue as many countries around the world face severe shortages and compromised water quality. Even regions that have avoided the majority of these problems to date due to a historical presence of abundant fresh water are at risk: the Materials: 3) Building: This typology is for any project that encompasses the con- impacts of climate change, highly unsustainable water use patterns, and the Intent struction of a roofed and walled structure created for permanent use – continued drawdown of major aquifers portent significant problems ahead. The intent of the Materials Petal is to induce a successful materials economy either new or existing. Implementation that is non-toxic, transparent and socially equitable. Throughout their lifecyOur purposed building will strive to have net zero water by harvesting and 4) Neighborhood: This typology is for any project that contains multi- treating rain water through our various roof and site gardens. A living machine cle, materials are responsible for many adverse environmental issues includple buildings5 in a continuous campus, neighborhood, district or village. will be introduced for the treatment and reuse of waste water. In addition ing illness, squandered embodied energy, pollution, and resource depletion. Sample projects include university, college or corporate campuses; to this, low-flow fixtures will be used throughout the building to reduce the The Imperatives in this section aim to remove the worst known offending materials and practices. At the present time it is impossible to gauge the true residential streets; business or industrial districts; or small villages and amount of waste water. environmental impact and toxicity of the built environment due to a lack of towns. | Net Zero Water product-level information. Living Transect Category: The building will utilize a catchment system that allows the storage of grey L6. Urban Core Zone: This is comprised of high-to very high-density water into cisterns for use in irrigation or non-potable uses. The building will Implementation When impacts can be reduced but not eliminated, there is an obligation not mixed use development found in large cities and metropolises. (F.A.R. use a living machine to recycle the everyday water uses. only to offset the damaging consequences associated with the construction ≥ 3.0) The 20 Imperatives of the Living Building Challenge: | Ecological Water Flow process, but also to strive for corrections in the industry. Follow down the column associated with each Typology to see which Imper- By creating water storage on site, natural rainfall can be stored and used as | Red List atives apply a way to maintain the building and building agriculture. The following materials will not be used in the construction of the building. 2) Landscape or Infrastructure (non-conditioned development): This typology is for any project that does not include a physical structure as part of its primary program, although open-air ‘park-like’ structures, restrooms, amphitheatres and the like do fall into this category. Projects may be as diverse as roads, bridges, plazas, sports facilities or trails.
Asbestos, Cadmium, Chlorinated Polyethylene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethlene43, Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), Chloroprene (Neoprene), FormaldeEnergy: hyde (added), Halogenated Flame Retardants44, Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), Lead (added), Mercury, Petrochemical Fertilizers and Pesticides45 Intent The intent of the Energy Petal is to signal a new age of design, wherein the Phthalates, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Wood treatments containing Creosote built environment relies solely on renewable forms of energy and operates and Arsenic or Pentachlorophenol. year round in a pollution-free manner. In addition, it aims to prioritize reduc| Embodied Carbon Footprint tions and optimization before technological solutions are applied to eliminate wasteful spending – of energy, resources, and dollars. The majority of energy generated today is from highly unsustainable sources including coal, gas, oil and nuclear power. Large-scale hydro, while inherently cleaner, results in widespread damage to ecosystems. Burning wood, trash or pellets releases particulates and carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere and often strains | Responsible Industry local supplies of sustainably harvested biomass. The effects of these energy The project will advocate for the creation and adoption of third-party certified sources on regional and planetary health are becoming increasingly evident standards for sustainable resource extraction and fair labor practices. Applithrough climate change, the most worrisome major global trend attributed to cable raw materials include stone and rock, metal, and timber. For timber, all human activity. wood will be certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).
The intent of the Equity Petal is to correlate the impacts of design and development to its ability to foster a true sense of community. A society that embraces all sectors of humanity and allows the dignity of equal access is a civilization in the best position to make decisions that protect and restore the natural environment.
Since the act of building is a considerable environmental impact shared by all, the design of the site will include a boardwalk along the lakefront the will invite the public into the first floor retail. The design will also include a winter garden that will serve as a waiting location for those boarding the ferry as well as a museum for the USS COD.
| Human Scale & Humane Places
With the implementation of the board walk and the winter garden, a human scale is introduced. With these design elements the public is invited in to enjoy the new space rather than turn aways.
| Democracy & Social Justice
The exterior site as well as the first floor retail will be open to the public, however for security reasons the above floors will have security access to those who work in the building. Access for those with physical disabilities will be safeguarded through designs meeting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
| Right to Nature
Fresh air and natural daylight will be a major focus of the design. By introducing operable windows and the centralized atrium natural ventilation will allow fresh air to enter the building. In addition by designing the open work area near the perimeter of the building footprints on each level, natural daylight will be avalible for all workers.
The intent of the Beauty Petal is to recognize the need for beauty as a precursor to caring enough to preserve, conserve and serve the greater good.
The goal of the design is to create a building that is not only high performance but that is also something nice to look at. To do this we introduced a number of green roofs, double facades and a site the is inviting to all.
| Beauty & Spirit
The two main view of the building will be from the South and North. Therefore the design of the south facade was designed to stand out and make a statement of beauty. While the north facade is seen primarily from the water. The winter garden design of glazing and exposed structure will serve as a beautiful statement that engages the public.
Living Building Challenge
| Inspiration & Education
The primary educational piece of the building will be the living machine that will be located on the second floor of the building. This educational piece will serve as a statement of reusing materials instead of replacing.