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THE GREAT NORTHERN PENINSULA SEPTEMBER 2010

REPORT


FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Editor: Marian Wissink Contributors: Jamie Graham, Anne Marceau, Model Forest, Umberto Pascali, Andrus Voitk Photos: Lindsay Collingwood, TA Loeffler, Roger Smith

CONTENTS

2

Partners...............................................................................................................1 Faculty, Participants............................................................................................2 Program...............................................................................................................6 Trails....................................................................................................................8 Andrus’ Highlights...............................................................................................9 Model Forest Group’s Foray Experience...........................................................16 Foray in the Land of the Vikings........................................................................20 Foray Fotos........................................................................................................21 Species List...................................................................................................... 22 GNP mushrooms as non-timber forest products..............................................30 Group Photo......................................................................................................33


FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Partners People of Newfoundland and Labrador, through Department of Environment and Conservation Parks and Natural Areas Division Wildlife Division Department of Natural Resources Center for Forest Science and Innovation Department of Innovation, Trade & Rural Development College of the North Atlantic St Anthony Campus Parks Canada L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Gros Morne National Park Great Northern Peninsula Forest Network Model Forest of Newfoundland and Labrador RED Ochre Development Board Viking Trail Tourism Association Sir Wilfred Grenfell College Tuckamore Lodge Gros Morne Cooperating Association Memorial University Grenfell Historical Properties Aurora Nordic Cross Country Ski Club FUNGI magazine Quidi Vidi Brewing Company Auk Island Winery

Grenfell Historical Properties

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Faculty Guest faculty: David Boyle Britt Bunyard Renée Lebeuf Ed Lickey Kare Liimatainen Tuula Niskanen Esteri Ohenoja André Paul Roger Smith Greg Thorn Local Faculty: Michael Burzynski Faye Murrin Andrus Voitk

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Participants Greg Thorn

London ON

Nina Zitani

London ON

Carlo Thorn

London ON

Jackson Thorn

London ON

Esteri Ohenoja

Oulu, Finland

David Boyle

Truro NS

Ed Lickey

Bridgewater VA

Renée Lebeuf

Pierrefonds QC

André Paul

Pierrefonds QC

Roger Smith

Fredericton, NB

Michael Burzynski

Rocky Harbour NL

Anne Marceau

Rocky Harbour NL

Faye Murrin

Torbay NL

Andrus Voitk

Humber Village NL

Maria Voitk

Humber Village NL

Tuula Niskanen

Helsinki Finland

Kare Liimatainen

Helsinki Finland

Aava Niskanen

Helsinki Finland

Elke Molgaard

St John's NL

John Molgaard

St John's NL

Judy May

Humber Village NL

Elaine Humber

Corner Brook NL

Jamie Graham

Corner Brook NL

Ulrich Hochwald

Long Cove, NL

Françoise Tupinier

Montréal QC

Tina Newbury

Corner Brook NL

Tarik Rodrigues

Corner Brook NL

Kaden Rodrigues

Corner Brook NL

Bruce Rodrigues

Corner Brook NL

Claudia Hanel

Frenchman's Cove NL

Marianna Wright

Toronto ON

Tony Wright

Toronto ON 3


FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Gwendolyn Knudsen

Griquet NL

Stephen Knudsen

Griquet NL

Laura Park

Harbour Main NL

Mac Pitcher

Harbour Main NL

George Park

Charlottetown PEI

Linda Pascali

Toronto ON

Umberto Pascali

Toronto ON

Marian Wissink

St John's NL

TA Loeffler

St John's NL

Phyllis Mann

Pasadena NL

Henry Mann

Pasadena NL

Yvonne Thurlow

Corner Brook NL

Geoff Thurlow

Corner Brook NL

Jeri Graham

Corner Brook NL

Sarah Graham

Corner Brook NL

Graham Zilkowski

Corner Brook NL

AndrĂŠ Myers

Flowers Cove NL

Diane Holsinger

Timberville Va

Tom Holsinger

Timberville Va

Olivier van Lier

Corner Brook NL

Lindsay Collingwood

Corner Brook NL

Nathan Wareham

Massey Drive NL

Tammy Higgins

Pasadena NL

Gordon Hancock

Deer Lake NL

Janice Pilgrim

Roddickton NL

Rosie Myers

Corner Brook NL

Elizabeth Smith

Raleigh NL

Jackie Bessey

Raleigh NL

Randy Batten

St John's NL

Mark Lamswood

Parsons Pond NL

Diane Pelley

St John's NL

Stephanie Coombes

Corner Brook NL

Kate Edwards

Corner Brook NL

Jeff Siddall

Corner Brook NL

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Morgan Barber

London ON

Leah Soper

Corner Brook NL

Tommy Landry

St. NarcisseBeauregard QC

Britt Bunyard

Germantown WI

Christian Wright

Corner Brook NL

Trudy O'Keefe

St Anthony NL

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

PROGRAM 2010 OUTSIDE

FRI SEP 10 11:00 AM Registration L’Anse aux Meadows 12:00 noon Mycoblitz L’Anse aux Meadows 6:30 PM Reception, Supper, Sagas L’Anse aux Meadows 8:00 PM Photo Contest results Laura Park 8:15 PM Ethnomycology Britt Bunyard 8:15 PM Mushroom identification Faye Murrin SAT SEP 11 8:00 AM Breakfast The Legion 9:00 AM Forays (see TRAILS) 1:00 PM Lunch on the trail 5:00 PM Quidi Vidi QuuQup & Supper Grenfell Interpretation Centre

9:00 - 11:00 AM Pick for the Pot Judy May Mushroom photography: point & shoot Michael Burzynski Mushroom eating insects Britt Bunyard 11:00 - 1:00 PM Pick for the Pot Maria Voitk Mushroom photography: SLR Roger Smith Growing mushrooms David Boyle INSIDE—CONA INSIDE 9:00 - 10:00 AM Tables Ed Lickey Microscopy Greg Thorn Mushroom Cooking 101 Maria Voitk 10:00 - 11:00 AM Tables Faye Murrin Microscopy Ed Lickey How to use a key Andrus Voitk 11:00 - 12:00 PM Tables Esteri Ohenoja Mushroom Cooking 102 Ulrich Hochwald How to use a key Andrus Voitk

7:00 PM Ascomycetes René Lebeuf

12:00 - 1:00 PM Tables Greg Thorn Mushroom Cooking 102 Ulrich Hochwald Mushroom Cooking 101 Judy May

8:00 PM Growing mushrooms David Boyle

1:00 PM Lunch The Legion

8:00 PM NL Sphagnum omphalinas Ed Lickey

2:00 PM AGM, elections, thanks

8:30 PM NL chanterelles Greg Thorn SUN SEP 12 8:00 AM Breakfast The Legion 8:40 AM Group Photo 6

2:30 PM Community Fungi Fair CONA


FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

PROGRAM 2010 Lectures Saturday

Friday 6:30 7:00

Reception/Supper at sod huts, flowing into: Sagas and Shadows

8:00

Laura Park — Photo contest results

8:15

Faye Murrin Introduction to mushroom identification

8:30

Britt Bunyard Did the Vikings eat mushrooms? The ethnomycology of 1,000 AD North America and beyond

Renée Lebeuf – The beauty of Ascomycetes Ed Lickey Our logo mushroom and other NL sphagnicolous omphalinas

Greg Thorn Some yellow chanterelles of Newfoundland

Sunday Workshops OUTSIDE 9-10 10-11 11-12

12-1

David Boyle Growing mushrooms

Pick for the pot Judy (12 max)

Photography Point & shoot Michael (8 max)

Mycophagy: Insects that eat mushrooms Britt (10 max)

Pick for the pot Maria (12 max)

Photography SLR Roger (8 max)

Growing mushrooms David (10 max) $40

Tables Ed Tables Faye Tables Esteri

Tables Greg

INSIDE Microscopy Greg (4 max) Microscopy Ed (4 max) Cooking 102 Mushrooms on toast Ulrich Cooking 102 Mushrooms on toast Ulrich

Cooking 101 Preservation Maria How to use a key Andrus How to use a key Andrus Cooking 101 Preservation Judy

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

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FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

The Model Forest Group’s Foray Experience Contributors: Lindsay Collingwood (MFNL), Gordon Hancock, Tammy Higgins (MFNL), Mark Lamswood (RED OCHRE), Andre Myers (NORDIC), Janice Pilgrim (NORDIC), Nathan Wareham (HEDB), Gordon Hancock (HEDB)

We went to the foray, not knowing what to expect, but hoping to learn whether mushrooms could be a reasonable non-timber forest product in communities, who have traditionally looked to the forest for part of their income. We are grateful to Faye Murrin to take time before the foray to discuss these issues with us. Faye has looked into this matter in the past and has publications about the commercial potential of harvesting wild mushrooms in Newfoundland and Labrador. The mushroom foray was held on the Great Northern Peninsula. The foray was not business oriented. Its main focus was for people to pursue a shared interest in mushrooms in an enjoyable social setting. People had fun, while contributing to scientific knowledge of the mushrooms in our province. However, it was an outstanding introduction to mushrooms for the beginner or novice enthusiast, and an excellent venue to form partnerships that will be of value in the development of any future mushroom initiative. The foray provided a great introduction to the area, the community and its history. It also gave us an opportunity to experience many facets of mushrooms personally, to “learn the language” of mushrooms, see how they grow, get hands-on experience with collecting and harvesting, cooking, eating (Yum!), and even growing them. Of the many contacts made at the foray, we should highlight David Boyle, Michael Burnizski, 12

Anne Marceau, Faye Murrin and Andrus Voitk. These contacts, added to others we have sought outside the foray, should become some of the core resources to help us pursue a mushroom initiative into the future. This is a general summary only. A full Trip Report with suggestions for future activity is being prepared and will be published after completion.


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Foray in the Land of the Vikings by Umberto Pascali This September, my wife, Linda, and I travelled along with fellow MST members Tony and Marianna Wright to the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland to attend the annual fall foray of “Foray Newfoundland and Labrador”.   We landed at Deer Lake. While Tony and Marianna drove directly to St Anthony at the top of the Northern Peninsula, Linda and I took a side trip to Gros Morne National Park. While hiking a short trail, we observed the magnificent carving of landscape by glaciers of the last ice age.   On Friday Sept.10, we joined the 72 foray participants at L’Anse aux Meadows where we were given a short tour of the site where Vikings set camp in 1000 A.D.   In the persistent rain, we set out for our first foray. Our challenge was finding mushrooms in this new environment with the ground crowded by a variety of mosses, lichens, roots and branches of trees that remained close to the ground. When a beautiful Russula would show up, it was quite a task to pull it all in one piece from such intricacy. In treed areas, the growth was stunted but so thick that if a mushroom was spotted, you had to crawl in a kind of cave formed by the low-hanging branches.   In the evening, we were treated to a very good supper followed by a Viking saga and a presentation on Boreal Ethnomycology by Dr. Britt Bunyard, past Editor-in-Chief for NAMA and now editor of the magazine FUNGI.   The following day, our foray took us to Goose Cove. The panorama and view of the ocean was spectacular but so was the blowing wind. At one point, the wind blew away all that was in Linda’s basket. While the rest of the group left to properly identify the mushrooms collected, the two of us stayed behind to pick partridge berries on a ground filled by a tapestry of color.   In the evening, we met at the Grenfell Interpretation Centre for a mushroom cook-up and dinner. We were 14

treated to delicious tortilla stuffed with huitlacoche or corn smut, caribou hamburger topped with a mixture of trumpets, chanterelles and morels. Afterwards, a number of very knowledgeable mycologists made presentations.   On Sunday, the last day of the foray, there were several indoor and outdoor activities. We decided to take a good look at all the variety of mushrooms on display at the St. Anthony Campus of the College of the North Atlantic. Here we found Lactarius and Cortinarius were most prevalent.   Then we hit the road back to Deer Lake. We were counting on a daylight drive but, just out of St. Anthony, we stopped at a large open field, the site of a fire some 30 years ago. The field was now covered with partridge berries. We picked until close to 5pm then reluctantly we had to go. We arrived at our B&B luckily without encountering a moose.   The next morning, we drove to Corner Brook, this time trying our luck picking blueberries. After struggling to locate the spot, we found out that they had been damaged by the frost so that ended our enthusiasm of blueberry picking. We did enjoy the panorama of the Corner Brook setting and the beautiful Humber river valley. Arriving at Deer Lake Airport, we were invited to partake at the inauguration ceremony of works of art by famous artists Diana Dabinett and Urve Manuel.   In all, it was a glorious adventure. I had my first encounter with Lactarius glyciosmus with its distinct coconut smell. We did see moose on the roadside, beautiful ocean views and enjoyed the hospitality of Newfoundland’s Bed & Breakfasts with amazing hosts that really make you feel at home. Add to that the friendliness of the local people to make it all a worthwhile experience.

This article first appeared in Mycelium, the newsletter of the Mycological Society of Toronto, and is reproduced here with permission from the author.


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For more pictures of this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s foray

http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100001744686549 Thanks Nathan! 21


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Surprises. It was an unexpected surprise to get this many species identified, given the very inefficient process, due to being spread outâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;much time that would normally have gone to identifying was lost (or turned to other pursuits!). This is a credit to our identifiers. Equally surprising was that we had collected this much material, given that the barrens were, well, barren and the weather encouraged early ends to outings. Well done! Current tally: 252 species were identified, 57 new to the cumulative list. We processed almost half as many specimens as in other years, yet got about as many species identified. Apparently there were more species than suspected, but mostly only one or two specimens of each. Are we close to identifying all NL species? The cumulative species curve continues to rise in a straight line, suggesting that the 1,000 mark is 28

not close to the limit of species in our province. The broad pattern of this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s species differed from that of previous years, not surprising from a different ecosystem. Visiting Specialist Effect. Regardless of what is collected, that which gets identified is what the identifiers work on, which is mostly what intrigues them. Therefore, all lists reflect the interests of the identifiers. Many mycologists are curious to know what species grow in a specific area, and therefore try to identify all that is brought in. Such lists probably reflect the species in the area at the time. It is often said that specialist identifiers, concentrating on single genera or small groups of mushrooms, skew the list to reflect disproportionately species of their interest. We have an opportunity to examine this tenet, because Tuula Niskanen and Kare Liimatainen, specializing in


FORAY NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR Genus Cortinarius, have been with us for three of our eight annual forays.

our general identifiers, who also identified Cortinarii, Dave Malloch (A7) and André Paul (C9, N10) also took a special interest in this genus. The average per cent of Cortinarius species in A “specialist” is not a formal designation, but the list is 18 for the three Tuula & Kare years indicates a person who has gained an intimate (A7, C9, N10) and 10 for the other years. The knowledge of a group of graph on this page shows fungi through study of that the proportion of Cortinarius Cortinarius per cent group. For example, in 2005 species in the list from all of Dave Malloch stated that he our forays. The three highwas going to pursue Cor20 est tallies come from Tuula tinarii in greater detail. In & Kare years. Contribution 2006, 27 of the 30 Cortinariof Cortinarius species to us species were identified by 16 our cumulative list is similar: Dave. As the graph shows, Cortinarii averaged 24% the proportion of Cortinarii of new species in Tuula & in the 2006 list (A6) was in Kare years and 10% in other 12 the same range as the Tuula years. Clearly, Tuula & Kare & Kare years, well outside have made a significant the range of other non-Tuula contribution to the Cortinarii & Kare years. A formidable 8 on our list. Has this skewed display! As I understand it, our list to reflect a disproat the moment Dave is purportionately high number suing Genus Inocybe with of Cortinarius species? If 4 even greater zeal. “skewed” means that Tuula & Kare have made apparent more Cortinarii than we 0 might have without them, G3 G4 G5 then it is probably true. If, on the other hand, “skewed” means that Tuula & Kare’s contribution created a list that is an inaccurate representation of the species in the region (as reflected by the collections brought in), then the contention is untrue. Were Tuula & Kare our only identifiers, and had they limited themselves only to Cortinarii, then we should have produced only a Cortinarius list, clearly not reflective of all the species in the region. However, Tuula & Kare also identified mushrooms other than Cortinarii, and we had several other identifiers, who were more curious to learn all species growing in the area, so that identification of collected material did not suffer. In other words, if the identification process deals adequately with the species collected in the area, then a specialist who identifies more species in her interest group is not skewing the data, but augmenting them. Of course, Tuula & Kare were not the only ones to contribute to our Cortinarius list. In addition to

Abundance. Recording the number of collections of a species gives us some idea A6 A7 C8 C9 N10 of its abundance. This is useful information in many ways. It allows comparison of regions, because differences in common species can be useful indicators of regional difference. It also has a practical application in deciding whether to pursue the collection of any species. See the discussion of mushrooms as non-timber forest products, elsewhere in this Report, for an example of how this information can be used. The idea of the foray is to learn something while having fun, and to gather some information of scientific value while doing it. Questions and discussion about these data are welcome. Our data contain much information and along with our herbarium material have contributed to several research projects, some of which have been or are on their way to be published in scientific mycological journals. Thank you for this effort and hope to see you again in 2011.

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30


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The lot of them ... 2010


LICHENS added this year! 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011

Terra Nova National Park Headquarters: Terra Nova Hospitality Home

September 9-11, 2011

GUEST FACULTY* Teuvo Ahti Stephen Clayden Renée Lebeuf Raymond McNeil Faye Murrin Todd Osmundson André Paul Roger Smith Andy Taylor Greg Thorn Zheng Wang *tentative at time of publication

Please check our website in the Spring, 2011, for Information & Registration Forms: <www.nlmushrooms.ca>


2010 Great Northern Peninsula Foray