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Professional Studies 3A ď‚–



Surname : Ximba Student Number Assignment Date

: 201101902


: 22 February 2013

Introduction The need to use technology in the classroom is imperative nowadays. Technology has increased the intensity and complexity of literate environment. This presentation will focus


on the international and national imperatives to include educational technologies into teacher training and professional development.

Introduction cont…   Oxford dictionary imperative is defined as something that is important and needing immediate attention or action  Imperatives discussed includes issues;  Knowledge society agenda,  Pervasiveness of technology,  Education for all goals,  Present future national strategic objectives,  Highlighting the broad aims of the various national and international initiatives regarding continuous professional development of teachers with regard to the teacher competency standards relating to professional aptitude.

Knowledge society agenda

  Knowledge is the ideas or understandings which an entity possesses that are used to take effective action to achieve the entity’s goals.  The emergence of the knowledge society, building on the pervasive influence of modern information and communication technologies is bringing about a fundamental reshaping of the global economy.  (Levy, 2000) knowledge has always been a Factor of production and a driver of economic and social development .

 What is knowledge?

Knowledge society agenda

 Knowledge Society in the  Click to edit Master text styles 21st Century will need;  Second level  Third level  Fourth level  Fifth level

 Lifelong learners  Adapting continuously to changed opportunities  Work practices  Business models and forms of economic and social organisation.

Knowledge society agenda cont…

 How knowledge can be transferred from teachers to learners using ICT?  Teachers are essential core of mediating knowledge to students.  Schools perform three main functions to prosper knowledge through ICT these are; 

New society requires new skills

 The productivity and enhancement  The quest for quality learning ICT are versatile and powerful tools that can help in this purpose and should therefore be present in every classroom, library and teacher room.

Knowledge society agenda cont…

Six major areas that will shape a beneficial use of ICT in education.  Digital solidarity( every child should have an access to digital communication).  Learners and lifelong learning( ICT being used to integrate real life experiences and education)  Decision making strategies  Research ICT applications ( used to develop educational context)  Networking ( collaborative and collective intelligence)  New specific competences.

Pervasiveness of technology

  The spread of technology of technology across the globe.  NETS.S the advancing digital age teaching helps to;

 Design  Implement  Assess learning experience to engage students  Improve learning  Enrich professional practice  Provide positive models for students, colleagues and community

 Technology across the globe

Pervasiveness of technology cont…

  Roles of the teacher in pervasiveness of technology

 They should design or adapt relevant learning experience that incorporate digital tools to promote learning and creativity.  They should customise and personalise learning activities to students’ diversity, learning styles, working strategies and abilities to using digital tools.  Provide learners with multiple and varied formative and summative assessments aligned with content and technology tools.

Pervasiveness of technology cont…

  How teachers duty of facilitating and inspiring student learning and creativity using technology beneficial to students;

 Engages students in exploring real world issues  Solving authentic problems using digital tools  Promotes, support model creativity  Promotes inventive thinking and ingenuity  Promote and model digital etiquette and responsible social interactions related to the use of technology and information.  Encourage interaction skills between the students and the society.  Exhibit leadership by;  Demonstrating a vision of technology infusion  Participating in shared decision making and community building  Developing the leadership and technological skills .

Pervasiveness of technology cont‌

ď‚– ďƒ˜ How teachers duty of facilitating and inspiring student learning and creativity using technology beneficial to students;

The future national strategic objectives

  Education should be relevant to society’s needs ( Taylor, 2011).  School curriculum changes over time therefore strategies plans are needed to plan for future.  The vision is of South Africa in which all our people will have access to long life learning, education and training opportunities which will, in turn contribute towards improving the quality of life and thus building a peaceful, prosperous and democratic South Africa.  DOE has brought forward the strategic plans towards the realization of schooling 2050.

The future national strategic objectives cont…

  These strategies includes plans which are;

 Improve the quality of teaching and learning with a focus on literacy and numeracy and increasing access to, and performance in mathematics and science.  Standardising assessments and systemic evaluations to measure whether learners are achieving the curriculum outcomes.  Identify the key areas in the curriculum that require improvement.  to ensure that access to Grade R is universalised and that Grade R provides quality programs to compensate for socio-economic deprivation and low family literacy.

The future national strategic objectives cont…

 According to basic education manuscript we need to to turn around the dysfunctional and poorly performing schools by ; 

Improving systems of accountability

Improving systems of service delivery at district and personal level.

The future national strategic objectives cont…

  Future national strategic objective include;

 learning outcomes  quality of learning across all grades  access to basic education  education expenditure  productivity in the classroom  competence  professionalism and status of teachers  textbooks and related learning support material

The future national strategic objectives cont…

 The proposed actions are based on five cross-cutting, interdependent and implementable themes which includes;


Laying a solid foundation for a long and healthy life.

Building a properly qualified, professional, competent and committed teaching.

Expanding the production of highly skilled professionals.

Enhancing the innovative capacity of the nation and create an educational and national science system.

Serving the needs of the society.

The future national strategic objectives cont…

 By 2030 the schooling system is characterized by;

 Learners and teachers who are highly motivated  Principals are effective managers who provide administrative and curriculum leadership.  Parents are involved in the schools their children attend schools are accountable to parents. 

Learning materials are readily available.

 Basic infrastructure requirements are met across the board

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT

 ICT stands for Information and Communications Technology  ICT considers all the uses of digital technology.  ICT is concerned with ; 

Storage of digital data

Retrieval of digital data

Manipulation of digital data

Transmission or receipt of digital data

Shaping of all aspects of our lives

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont‌


The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont…

 Numerous reform projects have been in place aiming to infuse ICT across education systems.  Teachers are widely believed to be the key agents of any educational change

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont…

 There are targets that are set for ICT skills development for practising and student teachers which are; 

All students leaving higher education for the teaching profession should have reached at least the adoption level.

According to Hennessy (2010) this means that they should have the knowledge and skills to use a computer and application software.

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont…

 Students should have the ability to use various ICT to; 

Support traditional management

Support administration

Support teaching and learning

Be able to teach learners how to use ICT

 All higher education institutions should offer compulsory ICT in teaching and learning in teacher development courses (up to appropriation level).

 Learners acquiring skills on ICT

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont…

 Subject advisors are to be trained up to appropriation level through a focused intervention from the national Department of Education.  This will help them to be able to assist teachers to utilise access to computers.  The adaptation and appropriation levels focusing on the knowledge, skills and values to integrate ICT into teaching and learning.

The broad aims of various National and international initiatives and ICT cont…

 At least 60% of teachers with access to ICT should reach the adaptation level.  20% of teachers should reach the appropriation level.  Continuing professional development and advanced certificate of education programmes should respond to this target.

Education for all goals 

 A goal is an observable and measurable end result having one or more objectives to be achieved within a more or less fixed timeframe.  The goal for education includes many factors that are associated with the society and aiming to make people’s life better through education.

Education for all goals cont…

Education for all goals cont…

  These educational goals for all are;

 Expanding early childhood care and education  Provide free and compulsory primary education for all.  Promote free compulsory primary education for all.

Education for all goals cont…   The other goals are; 

Increase adult literacy by 50 per cent by 2015

Achieving gender parity by 2005

Implementing gender equality by 2015

Improve the quality of education

Education for all goals cont…

 Achievable goals in education


ď‚– This presentation has covered all the aspects which are the imperatives into educational technologies into teacher training and professional development. From the essays perspectives these imperatives shapes the future of the South African educational context. The essay has clearly discussed the roles of technology and ICT inside and outside the classroom.

Reference ď‚–

Allias, S., Lolwane, P. & Marock, C. (2011). Furthur Education & Training and Skills Development: A report prepared for national planning commission. Delors, J., et al. 1999. Learning: The Treasure Within. Paris, UNESCO.

Reference ď‚– Hennessy, S., Onguko, B., Harrison, D., Namalefe, S., Naseem, A. & Wamakote, L. (2010). Developing the use of Information and Communication Technology to Enhance Teaching and Learning. Review of Literature. University of Cambridge. Taylor, S., Van de Berg, S., Spaull, N. & Armstrong, P. (2011). Improving quality of Education in South Africa: A report prepared for National Planning Commission.

Reference   Articles :  DOE Guidelines for Teacher Training Book.pdf  NPC National Development Plan Vision 2030 -lo-res.pdf  ISTE_2008_NETST.PDF  Strat Plan 2011to2014.pdf  UNESCO_Teacher_competency_framework.pdf  White paper 7 on e-Education.pdf  Partners in Learning Framework for 21st Century Learning  ICTeTSA.pdf  knowledge society.ppt  DFID_learning-for-all-strategy.pdf  EFA report repsons

Personal Learning Nertworks  

the presentation entails about the different personal learning networks and which resources helps in classroom.

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