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BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 bp.com/statisticalreview

What’s inside? 1

Introduction 1 2

6

Group chief executive’s introduction 2010 in review

Reserves Production and consumption Prices Refining Trade movements

20 Natural gas 20 22 27 28

Reserves Production and consumption Prices Trade movements

30 Coal 30 32

Reserves and prices Production and consumption

35 Nuclear energy 35

36

Consumption

38 Renewable energy

Oil 6 8 15 16 18

36 Hydroelectricity

Consumption

38 39

Other renewables consumption Biofuels production

40 Primary energy 40 41

Consumption Consumption by fuel

44 Appendices 44 44 45

Approximate conversion factors Definitions More information


About this Review For 60 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided high-quality, objective and globally consistent data on world energy markets. The Review is one of the most widely respected and authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy companies. A new edition is published every June. Methodology The following methodological changes have been made to this year’s Review: • Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids, and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel. • A new table has been added to the Review for consumption of commercial electricity produced from renewable sources. Electricity from renewable sources is converted to tonnes of oil equivalent following the same methodology used for nuclear and hydroelectricity, and is included in the primary energy consumption calculation. • A new table has been added for biofuels production. Biofuels consumption continues to be included in oil consumption data (see footnotes to oil consumption table). Find out more online BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 is available online at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras, including: • Historical data from 1965 for many sections. • Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, electricity and renewables. • An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined reports or chart specific data according to energy type, region and year. • An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator. • PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data. Appendices For approximate conversion factors and definitions see page 44. View or order this Review at bp.com/statisticalreview About BP BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving millions of customers in more than 90 countries across six continents. Our business segments are Exploration and Production, and Refining and Marketing. Through these business segments, we provide fuel for transportation, retail brands and energy for heat and light.

Disclaimer The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

Guide to navigation BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 uses the following icons and colour coding to help you navigate your way quickly and easily through the document. Icons and colours represent various energy types so you can see, at a glance, which section you are in.

Oil Natural gas Coal Nuclear energy Hydroelectricity Renewable energy Primary energy


Group chief executive’s introduction

Bob Dudley Group Chief Executive June 2011

Energy in 2010 – a strong rebound

Welcome to the 60th anniversary edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. Sixty years is a long time, and the energy world has seen breathtaking change over this period – in technology, in political and economic systems, and in many other facets of the environment in which companies like ours operate. And yet the need for rigorous information on global energy seems more important today than ever. The data has changed dramatically – but this Review’s purpose remains the same as it was in 1951: to provide the most timely, objective global energy data available. The Statistical Review has evolved in response to changes in the world’s energy mix, as well as the increasingly global markets that distribute that energy. What began as a review of global oil data has expanded over the years to include natural gas, coal, nuclear energy and hydroelectricity. Additional online content was added as the internet grew in importance. This year, we are including for the first time in the printed Review tables on renewable energy. The story told by the data in this year’s Review is that of a strong rebound of global energy consumption in 2010, following the global recession. Consumption growth reached 5.6%, the highest rate since 1973. It increased strongly for all forms of energy and in all regions. Total consumption of energy in 2010 easily surpassed the pre-recession peak reached in 2008. While consumption in emerging economies continued to rise rapidly, OECD countries also saw growth well above average. Globally, energy consumption grew more rapidly than the economy, meaning that the energy intensity of economic activity increased for a second consecutive year. The data implies that global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel consumption will also have grown strongly last year. These facts pose important questions for our industry and the countries where we produce and provide energy. They demonstrate the need to redouble efforts to reduce energy intensity and pursue a sustainable mix for the future. They also point to the need for continuing investment to provide the increasing volumes of energy that the world requires – all the time making sure that safety is our utmost priority, something of which we are very mindful in BP, following last year’s tragedy in the Gulf of Mexico. Encouragingly, last year, the strong recovery in energy consumption was accompanied by strong growth in production. However, energy prices diverged: oil prices rebounded globally, while natural gas and coal prices varied by region. Not surprisingly, higher prices meant that oil saw the weakest consumption growth among fossil fuels last year. OPEC production cuts, instituted during the global recession, remained in effect throughout 2010 (and so far this year) and informal production increases were not sufficient to avoid higher prices in the face of the strong recovery in consumption. Natural gas prices remained weak in North America – where production of shale gas continued to climb – and were on average lower in continental Europe, in part due to changes in contractual pricing arrangements. Global LNG and UK spot prices increased more strongly in the face of robust consumption growth. Coal prices grew robustly in Europe, but were weak in the US and Japan. Events so far this year have kept the world’s focus on energy: the tragic tsunami in Japan and unrest in the Arab world have disrupted energy flows, and rising prices ‘at the pump’ have raised concerns about slowing the economic recovery. In uncertain times such as these, the Statistical Review’s long-standing focus on objective global energy data provides much-needed perspective to help inform thinking in business, governments and civil society. We hope that you will find this 60th edition to be a useful source of information and insight. I would like to thank BP’s economics team and all those around the world who have helped prepare this Review – in particular those in government in many countries who report the official data.

1


2010 in review Overview Global energy consumption in 2010 rebounded strongly, driven by economic recovery. The growth in energy consumption was broad-based, with mature OECD economies joining non-OECD countries in growing at above-average rates. All forms of energy grew strongly, with growth in fossil fuels suggesting that global CO2 emissions from energy use grew at the fastest rate since 1969. Energy price developments were mixed. Oil prices remained in the $70-80 range for much of the year before rising in the fourth quarter. With the OPEC production cuts implemented in 2008/09 still in place, average oil prices for the year as a whole were the second-highest on record. Natural gas prices grew strongly in the UK and in markets indexed to oil prices (including much of the world’s LNG); but prices remained weak in North America – where shale gas production continued to increase – and in continental Europe (partly due to a growing share of spot-priced deliveries). Coal prices remained weak in Japan and North America, but rose strongly in Europe.

1

Images 1 Downtown Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 2 Deepwater Gunashli platform, Azerbaijan.

Energy developments World primary energy consumption – which this year includes for the first time a time series for commercial renewable energy – grew by 5.6% in 2010, the largest increase (in percentage terms) since 1973. Consumption in OECD countries grew by 3.5%, the strongest growth rate since 1984, although the level of OECD consumption remains roughly in line with that seen 10 years ago. Non-OECD consumption grew by 7.5% and was 63% above the 2000 level. Consumption growth accelerated in 2010 for all regions, and growth was above average in all regions. Chinese energy consumption grew by 11.2%, and China surpassed the US as the world’s largest energy consumer. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, at 33.6% of global energy consumption, but oil continued to lose market share for the 11th consecutive year.

Global energy consumption; the strongest growth since 1973.

China’s share of global energy consumption; the world’s largest.

2

+5.6% % 20.3


2010 in review

Oil 2

Dated Brent averaged $79.50 per barrel in 2010, an increase of 29% from the 2009 but still nearly $18 per barrel below the 2008 record level. Other benchmark crudes registered similar increases. Very strong consumption growth and continuing OPEC production restraint helped to push prices higher late in the year, with prices reaching a peak near $94 at year-end. After falling for two consecutive years, global oil consumption grew by 2.7 million barrels per day (b/d), or 3.1%, to reach a record level of 87.4 million b/d. This was the largest percentage increase since 2004 but still the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels. OECD consumption grew by 0.9% (480,000 b/d), the first increase since 2005. Outside the OECD, consumption growth was a record 2.2 million b/d, or 5.5%. Growth remained robust in China and Middle Eastern countries, with Chinese consumption growing by 860,000 b/d or 10.4%. Driven by the economic recovery, middle distillates (+4.4%) were the fastest-growing refined product category globally. Global oil production increased by 1.8 million b/d, or 2.2%, but did not match the rapid growth in consumption. The gains in production were shared between OPEC and non-OPEC producers. OPEC production cuts implemented late in 2008 were maintained throughout 2010, although relaxed production discipline and rising output not subject to production allocations resulted in an increase of 960,000 b/d, or 2.5%. The largest increases were in Nigeria (+340,000 b/d) and Qatar (+220,000 b/d). Oil production outside OPEC grew by 860,000 b/d, or 1.8%, the largest increase since 2002. Growth was led by China – which recorded its largest production increase ever – the US, and Russia. Continued declines in Norway – which saw the world’s largest decline – and the UK partly offset growth elsewhere. Non-OPEC countries

accounted for 58.2% of global oil production in 2010, roughly the same share as in 2000. Global crude runs increased by 1.8 million b/d, or 2.4%. Non-OECD countries accounted for 85% of the increase, and for the first time accounted for a majority of global throughput. Chinese throughput grew by 1 million b/d, or 13.4%. Global refinery capacity utilization rose to 81.5%. Refining capacity increased by 720,000 b/d last year, the slowest growth since 2003. However, the aggregate growth figure hides net reductions in the OECD markets of Europe, Japan, the US and Canada. Capacity additions were concentrated in the non-OECD, with growth in China (640,000 b/d) accounting for almost 90% of the global total. Installed refining capacity in the non-OECD now exceeds that of the OECD by 1.5 million b/d. After two consecutive declines, global oil trade grew by 2.2%, or 1.2 million b/d, with net Asia Pacific imports accounting for nearly 90% of the growth. Net imports grew robustly in China (+14.6%, 680,000 b/d) and Japan (+7.1%, 280,000 b/d). Net export growth was largely from the Former Soviet Union (+7.2%, 570,000 b/d) and the Middle East (+2.6%, 470,000 b/d). The growth in global trade was roughly split between crude and refined products, though crude still accounts for 70% of global oil trade.

Growth in global oil consumption; the weakest among fossil fuels.

+3.1%

3


2010 in review

Natural gas 1

World natural gas consumption grew by 7.4%, the most rapid increase since 1984. Consumption growth was above average in all regions except the Middle East. The US had the world’s largest increase in consumption (in volumetric terms), rising by 5.6% and to a new record high. Russia and China also registered large increases – the largest volumetric increases in the country’s history in each case. Consumption in other Asian countries also grew rapidly (+10.7%), led by a 21.5% increase in India. Global natural gas production grew by 7.3%. Production grew rapidly in Russia (+11.6%, with the world’s largest volumetric increase), the US (+4.7%) and Qatar (+30.7%). The US remained the world’s largest producer, with supply of unconventional gas continuing to grow despite weak North American natural gas prices (which traded at record discounts to crude oil in 2011) – while Canadian production saw the world’s largest decline, falling for a fourth consecutive year.

4

Global natural gas trade increased by a robust 10.1% in 2010. A 22.6% increase in LNG shipments was driven by a 53.2% increase in Qatari shipments. Among LNG importers, the largest volumetric growth was in South Korea, the UK and Japan. LNG now accounts for 30.5% of global gas trade. Pipeline shipments grew by 5.4%, led by growth in Russian exports.

Natural gas consumption growth; the strongest since 1984.

+7.4%


2010 in review

Other fuels 2

29.6% 1.8% 48.2%

Coal’s share of global energy consumption; the highest since 1970.

Share of renewables in global energy consumption.

Chinese share of global coal consumption.

Coal consumption grew by 7.6% in 2010, the fastest global growth since 2003. Coal now accounts for 29.6% of global energy consumption, up from 25.6% 10 years ago. Chinese consumption grew by 10.1%; China last year consumed 48.2% of the world’s coal and accounted for nearly two-thirds of global consumption growth. But consumption growth was robust elsewhere as well: OECD consumption grew by 5.2%, the strongest growth since 1979, with strong growth in all regions. Global coal production grew by 6.3%, with China (+9%) again accounting for two-thirds of global growth. Elsewhere, coal production grew robustly in the US and Asia but fell in the EU, helping to explain the relative strength of coal prices in Europe. Global hydroelectric and nuclear output each saw the strongest increases since 2004. Hydroelectric output grew by 5.3%, with China accounting for more than 60% of global growth due to a combination of new capacity and wet weather. Worldwide nuclear output grew by 2%, with three-quarters of the increase coming from OECD countries. French nuclear output rose by 4.4%, accounting for the largest volumetric increase in the world. Other renewable energy sources continued to grow rapidly. Global biofuels production in 2010 grew by 13.8%, or 240,000 b/d, constituting one of the largest sources of liquids production growth in the world. Growth was driven by the US (+140,000 b/d, or 17%) and Brazil (+50,000 b/d, or 11.5%). Renewable energy used in power generation grew by 15.5%, driven by continued robust growth in wind energy (+22.7%). The increase in wind energy in turn was driven by China and the US, which together accounted for nearly 70% of global growth. These forms of renewable energy accounted for 1.8% of global energy consumption, up from 0.6% in 2000. Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this Review; further detail on renewable forms of energy; and electricity generation – is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

3

4

5

Images 1 Gas reception facility, Peterhead power station, Aberdeenshire, UK. 2 Digger working in a coal mine. 3 Hoover Dam, Nevada, US. 4 Palo Verde nuclear power plant, Nevada, US. 5 Producing cellulosic ethanol at Verenium’s cellulosic biofuels business, Louisiana, US.

Acknowledgements We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly-available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation.

5


Oil Proved reserves

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union # Former Soviet Union Canadian oil sands• Proved reserves and oil sands

At end 1990 Thousand million barrels

At end 2000 Thousand million barrels

At end 2009 Thousand million barrels

Thousand million tonnes

33.8 11.2 51.3 96.3 1.6 4.5 2.0 1.4 0.8 0.6 60.1 0.6 71.5 n/a 0.6 0.8 n/a 8.6 1.5 n/a n/a 4.0 n/a 65.3 80.8 92.9 100.0 97.0 4.4 3.0 260.3 1.9 98.1 2.0 0.1 659.6 9.2 1.6 – 0.8 3.5 – 0.9 22.8 17.1 0.3 1.7 0.9 58.7 3.2 1.1 16.0 5.6 5.4 3.6 0.3 0.2 1.0 36.3 1003.2 115.4 763.4 176.5 8.1 63.3 n/a n/a

30.4 18.3 20.2 68.9 3.0 8.5 2.0 4.6 0.9 0.9 76.8 1.3 97.9 1.2 1.1 0.9 25.0 11.4 1.2 59.0 0.5 4.7 0.6 2.3 107.9 99.5 112.5 96.5 5.8 16.9 262.8 2.3 97.8 2.4 0.2 696.7 11.3 6.0 0.9 1.7 3.6 0.8 2.4 36.0 29.0 0.6 0.4 0.7 93.4 4.9 1.2 15.2 5.3 5.1 4.5 0.5 2.0 1.3 40.1 1104.9 93.3 849.7 168.2 8.8 87.1 163.3 1268.2

30.9 32.1 11.7 74.6 2.5 12.9 1.4 6.3 1.1 0.8 211.2 1.4 237.6 7.0 0.9 1.0 39.8 7.1 0.5 76.7 0.6 2.8 0.6 2.3 139.2 137.0 115.0 101.5 5.5 25.9 264.6 2.5 97.8 2.7 0.1 752.6 12.2 13.5 1.5 1.9 4.4 1.7 3.7 46.4 37.2 6.7 0.4 0.7 130.3 4.1 1.1 14.8 5.8 4.3 5.8 0.4 4.5 1.3 42.2 1376.6 92.0 1068.6 182.6 6.2 125.4 143.1 1519.6

3.7 5.0 1.6 10.3 0.3 2.0 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.1 30.4 0.2 34.3 1.0 0.1 0.1 5.5 0.8 0.1 10.6 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 19.0 18.8 15.5 14.0 0.7 2.7 36.3 0.3 13.0 0.3 † 101.8 1.5 1.8 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.5 6.0 5.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 17.4 0.4 0.1 2.0 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 6.0 188.8 12.4 146.0 25.5 0.8 17.3 23.3 212.0

At end 2010 Thousand million Share barrels of total

30.9 32.1 11.4 74.3 2.5 14.2 1.9 6.2 1.2 0.8 211.2 1.4 239.4 7.0 0.9 1.0 39.8 6.7 0.5 77.4 0.6 2.8 0.6 2.4 139.7 137.0 115.0 101.5 5.5 25.9 264.5 2.5 97.8 2.7 0.1 752.5 12.2 13.5 1.5 1.9 4.5 1.7 3.7 46.4 37.2 6.7 0.4 2.3 132.1 4.1 1.1 14.8 9.0 4.2 5.8 0.4 4.4 1.3 45.2 1383.2 91.4 1068.4 188.7 6.3 126.1 143.1 1526.3

2.2% 2.3% 0.8% 5.4% 0.2% 1.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.1% 0.1% 15.3% 0.1% 17.3% 0.5% 0.1% 0.1% 2.9% 0.5% ◆ 5.6% ◆ 0.2% ◆ 0.2% 10.1% 9.9% 8.3% 7.3% 0.4% 1.9% 19.1% 0.2% 7.1% 0.2% ◆ 54.4% 0.9% 1.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.3% 3.4% 2.7% 0.5% ◆ 0.2% 9.5% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.7% 0.3% 0.4% ◆ 0.3% 0.1% 3.3% 100.0% 6.6% 77.2% 13.6% 0.5% 9.1%

R/P ratio

11.3 26.3 10.6 14.8 10.6 18.3 6.5 34.1 21.6 15.6 * 28.9 93.9 18.5 9.9 25.0 62.1 8.5 14.8 20.6 7.6 5.8 18.7 17.5 21.7 88.4 * * 17.4 45.2 72.4 17.8 94.1 27.7 9.3 81.9 18.5 20.0 33.7 18.2 16.7 17.1 41.2 76.7 42.4 37.8 14.6 44.2 35.8 19.9 17.5 9.9 30.0 11.8 22.2 3.6 32.6 11.3 14.8 46.2 13.5 85.3 15.1 8.8 25.6

ore than 100 years. *M ◆Less than 0.05%.

ess than 0.05. †L xcludes Former Soviet Union. ‡E #E xcludes Lithuania and Slovenia in 1990. •‘ Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ‘under active development’. Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official 26.5 billion barrels for oil sands ‘under active development’. Venezuelan reserves are taken from the OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin, that noted in 2008 that the figure included ‘proven reserves of the Magna Reserve Project in the Orinoco Belt, which amounted to 94,168mb’. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

6


Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

History

2010 by region 100

160

World North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Africa Middle East Asia Pacific

80

150 140 130 120 110 100

60

90 80 70 40

60 50 40

20

30 20 10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

0

80

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World proved oil reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 46.2 years of global production, down slightly from the 2009 R/P ratio because of a large increase in world production; global proved reserves rose slightly last year. An increase in Venezuelan official reserve estimates drove Latin America’s R/P ratio to 93.9 years – the world’s largest, surpassing the Middle East.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010 Percentage

Middle East S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Africa North America Asia Pacific

3.3

3.6

63.1 9.5

6.2

3.6 65.7

8.5

2010 Total 1383.2 thousand million barrels

9.6

2000 Total 1104.9 thousand million barrels

5.9

8.1

7.1

1990 Total 1003.2 thousand million barrels

54.4

5.4

9.8

10.1

8.9

17.3

7


Production* Thousand barrels daily

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

7733 2721 3450 13904 819 1268 711 409 100 138 3239 130 6813 282 363 95 744 3346 131 6536 144 2667 177 465 14950 3855 2614 2206 959 757 9491 548 2620 450 48 23547 1578 746 – 254 781 91 327 1475 2155 174 78 144 7804 809 193 3252 726 1456 735 176 328 200 7874 74893 21531 53361 31145 35734 3493 8014

7669 2677 3560 13906 830 1337 627 416 98 135 3142 137 6722 301 348 86 836 3418 130 7056 162 2476 171 466 15450 3892 2523 2148 960 754 9209 581 2551 455 47 23120 1562 742 – 234 758 177 301 1427 2274 217 71 134 7897 733 203 3306 727 1387 719 191 350 195 7811 74906 21314 53592 30640 35606 3285 8660

7626 2858 3585 14069 818 1499 601 401 98 155 2895 152 6619 311 371 115 1018 3333 127 7698 182 2463 171 501 16289 3709 2116 1995 904 764 8928 548 2390 457 48 21858 1680 905 – 238 751 230 295 1375 2103 241 74 135 8028 730 210 3346 753 1289 757 204 354 193 7837 74700 21440 53260 29261 35907 3339 9533

7400 3004 3789 14193 806 1555 564 427 92 164 2554 153 6314 313 368 116 1111 3264 123 8544 202 2257 166 509 16973 4183 1344 2329 824 879 10164 527 2695 448 48 23442 1852 870 24 217 749 266 240 1485 2238 265 68 138 8411 624 214 3401 756 1176 776 236 364 195 7742 77075 21174 55900 31020 35556 3128 10499

7228 3085 3824 14137 754 1542 551 535 94 152 2907 144 6680 315 390 113 1297 3189 119 9287 193 2028 152 497 17580 4248 2030 2475 786 992 10638 495 2847 420 48 24981 1946 1103 168 223 721 351 235 1623 2431 301 71 164 9336 582 210 3481 773 1130 793 223 427 235 7854 80568 20775 59793 33776 35385 2902 11407

6895 3041 3760 13696 725 1716 554 541 111 171 2937 142 6898 452 377 127 1356 2969 114 9552 192 1809 126 469 17542 4234 1833 2618 778 1028 11114 450 2983 416 34 25488 2015 1405 173 245 696 358 234 1745 2499 305 73 154 9902 580 206 3637 738 1090 759 265 398 286 7959 81485 19870 61616 34951 34695 2659 11839

6841 3208 3683 13732 716 1809 559 545 116 174 2808 139 6865 654 342 120 1426 2779 105 9769 186 1636 125 458 17599 4286 1999 2690 742 1110 10853 435 3149 380 32 25675 2003 1421 153 278 697 342 235 1815 2420 331 70 153 9918 551 221 3705 762 996 747 286 367 305 7940 81729 19463 62266 35098 34315 2422 12316

6847 3297 3471 13616 699 1833 561 520 114 154 2613 141 6635 869 311 122 1484 2551 99 9978 198 1638 114 453 17815 4322 2143 2636 715 1197 10449 415 3053 345 35 25309 2016 1684 144 228 710 350 230 1820 2305 468 97 166 10218 555 194 3737 769 972 763 305 337 320 7951 81544 19114 62430 34757 33991 2388 12795

6734 3251 3167 13152 682 1899 616 514 120 149 2558 139 6676 915 287 108 1554 2459 98 9888 207 1526 114 432 17590 4327 2428 2782 754 1378 10846 398 3088 304 33 26338 1993 1875 127 241 722 347 235 1820 2113 480 89 162 10204 555 175 3809 768 1003 768 321 317 340 8054 82015 18414 63600 35722 33466 2222 12827

7271 3224 2979 13474 676 2029 685 495 145 151 2438 133 6753 1033 265 95 1688 2358 93 10035 210 1452 107 411 17745 4199 2442 2489 813 1345 9893 375 2750 287 37 24629 1818 1784 118 270 742 307 230 1652 2061 479 83 155 9698 520 168 3800 754 990 739 331 345 329 7978 80278 18471 61807 33365 33699 2088 13214

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

7513 3336 2958 13808 651 2137 801 495 157 146 2471 131 6989 1037 249 106 1757 2137 89 10270 216 1339 87 374 17661 4245 2460 2508 865 1569 10007 385 2849 264 38 25188 1809 1851 122 292 736 274 245 1659 2402 486 80 143 10098 562 172 4071 826 986 716 334 370 312 8350 82095 18490 63605 34324 34287 1951 13484

2010 share of total

3.2% 8.7% 4.3% 4.2% -0.8% 3.7% 2.5% 16.6% -3.8% 0.8% 5.3% 2.7% 16.9% 1.0% ◆ 0.6% 8.2% 0.2% -4.3% 0.2% 1.4% 3.2% -1.6% 0.2% 3.5% 8.9% 0.5% 1.3% -5.8% 0.3% 11.7% 0.1% 4.4% 2.1% -9.4% 2.5% -4.7% 0.1% 2.2% 12.9% 2.8% 0.3% -7.7% 1.6% -17.8% 0.1% -7.0% 0.5% -0.4% 21.8% 0.9% 5.2% 0.6% 3.1% 0.6% 3.1% 5.9% 1.0% 13.5% 1.7% 0.7% 12.0% 2.7% 0.5% 3.5% 3.3% -7.9% 0.3% ◆ 0.6% 1.7% 30.3% -0.3% 2.0% 3.8% 2.3% 3.5% 0.2% 8.1% 0.4% -0.6% 0.9% -10.8% 0.3% 6.5% 0.3% 0.5% 2.0% 16.2% 2.9% 1.5% 0.6% -4.7% 0.1% -8.0% 0.2% 4.2% 12.2% 8.9% 0.6% 2.5% 0.2% 7.1% 5.2% 9.8% 1.0% -0.3% 1.2% -3.1% 0.8% 0.9% 0.4% 6.9% 0.5% -4.7% 0.3% 4.9% 10.2% 2.2% 100.0% 0.2% 22.1% 2.7% 77.9% 2.5% 41.5% 1.9% 41.7% -6.5% 2.4% 2.0% 16.8%

* I ncludes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives. ◆ Less than 0.05%. ‡E xcludes Former Soviet Union. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.

8


Consumption* Thousand barrels daily

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

19701 1922 1950 23574 434 2018 233 235 128 153 36 559 1060 4855 242 120 140 694 88 167 212 220 1994 2746 398 144 167 1930 162 48 879 204 426 318 197 2698 73 1425 339 260 668 78 253 1704 154 433 19582 1304 279 249 60 1578 396 1155 5021 191 552 457 1238 2439 831 65 4766 201 2261 1143 5530 460 131 371 347 645 2252 882 835 171 242 21135 76605 48128 28477 14585 3743

19649 2008 1939 23595 431 2047 227 219 131 146 28 622 1106 4956 263 79 146 662 92 177 202 218 2010 2787 403 141 182 1920 179 55 922 216 419 321 211 2688 67 1469 349 278 636 82 284 1704 148 461 19769 1322 260 253 73 1622 400 1218 5148 198 537 468 1278 2481 839 80 4859 243 2288 1160 5394 479 131 365 345 706 2259 936 831 186 252 21353 77304 48139 29165 14754 3754

19761 2051 1864 23676 391 2030 225 214 130 146 33 660 1112 4941 269 73 142 682 96 172 197 222 1953 2697 406 139 179 1915 191 51 933 211 430 332 220 2730 75 1473 356 264 647 85 282 1700 145 483 19750 1423 260 273 84 1668 439 1228 5374 221 524 480 1315 2540 839 80 5262 267 2376 1207 5320 521 136 356 329 690 2308 954 886 205 251 21987 78268 48106 30162 14679 3799

20033 2115 1909 24058 403 2010 225 214 136 139 31 535 1132 4825 291 84 146 738 111 184 189 235 1952 2648 395 137 175 1900 209 50 943 229 441 311 194 2755 70 1533 360 257 653 94 295 1723 156 509 19966 1509 267 296 95 1780 488 1180 5615 230 540 497 1344 2611 844 83 5771 269 2420 1232 5413 513 147 319 329 660 2326 994 953 220 256 22750 79823 48734 31090 14769 3889

20732 2231 1985 24947 423 2020 238 218 140 152 36 582 1138 4946 283 90 151 759 104 202 186 221 1963 2619 428 141 181 1850 223 53 984 219 469 315 224 2767 67 1600 347 255 658 96 310 1766 144 526 20198 1578 251 327 107 1913 515 1255 5946 239 556 513 1400 2708 855 83 6738 313 2574 1306 5238 533 148 324 338 739 2283 1039 1040 263 268 24081 82827 49566 33262 14953 3942

20802 2229 2032 25063 447 2078 251 232 166 152 41 628 1149 5144 292 106 145 762 110 210 194 229 1946 2592 426 163 191 1798 236 57 1049 221 487 324 218 2777 80 1623 349 260 648 101 296 1806 111 553 20356 1641 257 359 122 2001 553 1291 6225 250 616 514 1455 2835 886 94 6944 285 2567 1295 5334 523 152 311 315 817 2308 1049 1096 258 269 24503 84126 49996 34130 15101 3946

20687 2246 2021 24955 468 2094 261 241 179 147 46 661 1173 5271 292 96 162 748 117 207 198 222 1942 2609 444 168 191 1791 239 58 1070 226 512 294 214 2893 72 1608 356 266 629 103 308 1788 112 562 20498 1728 251 333 136 2074 584 1390 6497 258 598 528 1439 2824 918 93 7437 305 2571 1240 5203 512 155 354 285 865 2317 1039 1097 254 270 24914 84958 49794 35164 15103 4095

20680 2323 2070 25073 528 2234 343 233 193 153 47 682 1210 5622 275 91 150 752 114 205 200 223 1911 2380 435 168 195 1740 247 58 1123 235 531 296 218 2913 76 1629 342 241 651 111 338 1716 103 602 20271 1718 264 338 153 2200 617 1446 6736 286 638 549 1501 2974 925 93 7817 324 2835 1270 5029 542 155 385 300 941 2389 1093 1088 283 284 25753 86428 49611 36817 14801 4156

19498 2288 2055 23841 553 2382 353 230 203 172 43 712 1186 5835 277 73 166 818 119 209 196 222 1889 2502 427 164 187 1661 266 63 1069 225 549 278 216 3036 82 1587 333 256 657 117 323 1683 101 608 20358 1822 259 359 174 2387 654 1499 7153 309 680 528 1580 3097 936 98 7937 293 3068 1264 4836 544 156 386 265 990 2287 990 1090 300 275 25715 85999 48053 37946 14757 4291

18771 2179 1996 22946 521 2399 335 228 216 176 41 729 1182 5827 267 70 188 679 124 204 178 209 1822 2409 407 154 166 1563 253 54 1041 230 549 263 195 2936 79 1525 307 260 615 120 288 1610 101 581 19448 1787 246 399 176 2624 616 1584 7433 327 719 517 1632 3195 931 100 8201 280 3211 1289 4391 538 147 412 281 1067 2326 983 1121 304 283 25866 84714 45963 38751 14016 4153

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

19148 2.0% 21.1% 2276 5.4% 2.5% 1994 -1.2% 2.2% 23418 2.1% 25.8% 557 8.5% 0.6% 2604 9.3% 2.9% 314 -6.0% 0.4% 238 4.1% 0.3% 226 5.0% 0.3% 184 3.6% 0.2% 43 4.4% 0.1% 765 4.7% 0.9% 1174 -1.0% 1.4% 6104 5.0% 7.0% 269 0.2% 0.3% 73 4.0% 0.1% 133 -29.3% 0.2% 715 4.8% 0.9% 93 -25.6% 0.1% 195 -5.0% 0.2% 180 2.0% 0.2% 219 4.9% 0.3% 1744 -4.7% 2.1% 2441 1.1% 2.9% 372 -8.7% 0.5% 146 -5.2% 0.2% 158 -5.0% 0.2% 1532 -2.7% 1.8% 262 3.2% 0.3% 55 3.0% 0.1% 1057 0.9% 1.2% 239 3.5% 0.3% 568 3.9% 0.7% 261 -1.6% 0.3% 192 -1.4% 0.2% 3199 9.2% 3.7% 78 -0.3% 0.1% 1505 -1.6% 1.8% 305 -0.1% 0.4% 242 -7.1% 0.3% 624 1.7% 0.7% 125 3.6% 0.1% 256 -13.2% 0.3% 1590 -1.0% 1.8% 104 2.8% 0.1% 578 -0.7% 0.7% 19510 0.1% 22.9% 1799 1.0% 2.1% 242 -2.2% 0.3% 413 2.8% 0.4% 220 18.1% 0.2% 2812 7.1% 3.1% 682 8.4% 0.8% 1653 3.8% 2.0% 7821 4.6% 8.9% 327 -0.1% 0.4% 757 5.4% 0.9% 531 2.7% 0.6% 1676 2.6% 2.0% 3291 3.0% 3.9% 941 0.8% 1.1% 101 0.4% 0.1% 9057 10.4% 10.6% 324 15.2% 0.4% 3319 2.9% 3.9% 1304 0.7% 1.5% 4451 1.5% 5.0% 556 3.3% 0.6% 147 0.1% 0.2% 410 -0.6% 0.5% 282 0.1% 0.3% 1185 10.9% 1.5% 2384 2.5% 2.6% 1026 4.7% 1.1% 1128 0.5% 1.2% 338 10.4% 0.4% 286 0.9% 0.3% 27237 5.3% 31.5% 87382 3.1% 100.0% 46438 0.9% 52.5% 40944 5.5% 47.5% 13890 -1.1% 16.4% 4349 4.6% 5.0%

* I nland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.

Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

9


Production* Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

352.6 126.9 171.2 650.8 40.4 63.2 35.3 20.9 4.9 6.8 167.3 6.6 345.3 14.1 17.7 4.6 35.3 160.2 6.3 323.3 7.2 126.2 7.5 22.4 724.7 191.3 128.8 109.1 46.4 36.1 456.3 27.3 122.1 21.3 2.2 1140.9 66.8 36.9 – 13.1 38.8 4.5 16.4 69.5 105.4 8.6 3.7 7.2 370.9 35.3 9.4 162.6 34.2 71.5 33.7 7.0 16.2 9.4 379.2 3611.8 1011.5 2600.3 1510.3 1708.0 166.3 393.4

349.2 126.1 176.6 651.8 41.5 66.3 31.0 21.2 4.8 6.5 161.6 6.9 339.9 15.0 17.0 4.1 40.1 162.0 6.2 348.1 8.0 116.7 7.2 22.2 746.6 191.4 123.9 105.8 46.1 35.7 440.6 28.9 118.0 21.5 2.2 1114.1 65.8 36.6 – 12.1 37.3 8.8 15.0 67.1 110.8 10.7 3.4 6.6 374.1 31.8 9.9 164.8 34.1 67.9 32.9 7.5 17.1 9.1 375.1 3601.6 1000.0 2601.6 1478.3 1698.7 155.6 424.6

346.8 135.0 178.4 660.2 40.9 74.4 29.7 20.4 4.8 7.5 148.8 7.8 334.2 15.4 18.1 5.5 48.2 157.3 6.1 379.6 9.0 115.9 7.2 23.6 785.9 180.9 104.0 98.2 43.4 35.2 425.3 27.2 110.2 21.5 2.2 1048.3 70.9 44.6 – 12.3 37.0 11.4 14.7 64.6 102.3 11.9 3.5 6.7 379.8 31.5 10.2 166.9 35.2 63.0 34.5 8.2 17.3 9.0 375.8 3584.2 1005.8 2578.5 1405.4 1712.6 158.2 466.2

338.4 142.6 188.8 669.8 40.2 77.0 27.9 21.7 4.5 7.9 131.4 7.8 318.3 15.5 17.9 5.6 52.4 153.0 5.9 421.4 10.0 106.1 7.1 24.0 818.9 203.7 66.1 114.8 39.6 40.8 485.1 26.2 124.5 21.1 2.2 1124.3 79.0 42.8 1.2 11.2 36.8 13.2 12.0 69.8 109.3 13.1 3.2 6.8 398.4 26.6 10.5 169.6 35.4 57.3 35.6 9.6 17.7 9.1 371.4 3701.1 996.0 2705.1 1489.1 1698.4 148.2 513.6

329.2 147.6 190.7 667.4 37.8 76.5 27.3 27.3 4.4 7.3 150.0 7.3 337.9 15.6 19.1 5.5 60.6 149.9 5.7 458.8 9.6 95.4 6.6 23.5 850.2 207.8 100.0 122.3 38.1 46.0 506.0 24.7 131.7 19.9 2.2 1198.9 83.6 54.5 8.8 11.6 35.4 17.4 11.8 76.5 119.0 14.9 3.4 8.1 444.9 24.8 10.3 174.1 36.3 55.2 36.5 9.1 20.8 10.5 377.7 3877.0 978.2 2898.8 1624.9 1693.6 137.7 558.5

313.3 144.9 187.1 645.3 36.2 84.6 27.3 27.6 5.0 8.3 151.0 7.2 347.1 22.4 18.4 6.1 62.6 138.2 5.4 470.0 9.5 84.7 5.4 22.0 844.8 206.3 90.0 129.3 37.4 47.3 526.8 22.4 137.3 19.6 1.6 1217.9 86.4 69.0 9.1 12.6 33.9 17.7 11.7 81.9 122.1 15.0 3.4 7.7 470.7 24.5 10.1 181.4 34.6 53.1 34.4 10.8 19.4 12.5 380.8 3906.6 932.2 2974.4 1675.0 1654.4 125.7 577.1

310.2 153.4 183.1 646.7 35.8 89.2 27.5 27.7 5.1 8.3 144.2 7.0 344.9 32.5 16.7 5.8 66.1 128.7 5.0 480.5 9.2 76.6 5.4 21.7 848.1 208.2 98.1 132.7 35.7 50.9 514.3 21.6 145.5 17.9 1.4 1226.4 86.2 69.6 8.0 14.3 33.7 16.9 11.7 84.9 117.8 16.3 3.3 7.6 470.4 23.2 10.8 184.8 35.8 48.9 33.5 11.8 17.8 13.2 379.7 3916.2 912.2 3004.1 1680.2 1635.3 114.6 600.7

309.8 158.3 172.7 640.8 34.9 90.4 27.6 26.5 5.1 7.2 133.9 7.1 332.7 42.8 15.2 5.9 68.4 118.6 4.7 491.3 9.8 76.8 4.9 21.6 860.0 209.7 105.2 129.9 34.5 53.6 494.2 20.6 140.7 16.3 1.6 1206.4 86.5 82.5 7.5 11.7 34.1 17.3 11.5 85.0 112.1 23.1 4.6 8.3 484.4 23.5 9.5 186.3 36.1 47.5 34.2 12.5 16.4 13.9 380.1 3904.3 896.2 3008.0 1660.0 1620.2 113.1 624.1

304.9 156.8 157.7 619.5 34.1 93.9 30.5 26.2 5.3 6.9 131.5 7.0 335.5 44.7 14.0 5.2 72.0 114.2 4.7 488.5 10.3 71.7 4.8 20.6 850.8 209.9 119.5 137.2 35.9 60.8 515.3 19.8 142.9 14.4 1.5 1257.2 85.6 92.2 6.7 12.4 34.6 17.2 11.8 85.3 103.0 23.7 4.2 8.1 484.9 23.7 8.5 190.4 36.1 49.0 34.6 13.3 15.4 14.7 385.9 3933.7 864.0 3069.8 1709.4 1597.3 105.4 627.1

328.6 156.1 147.5 632.2 33.8 100.4 34.1 25.2 6.4 6.8 124.8 6.7 338.2 50.6 12.9 4.6 78.2 108.8 4.5 494.2 10.4 68.2 4.5 19.6 856.5 201.5 119.8 121.7 38.7 57.9 464.7 18.6 126.3 13.5 1.7 1164.4 77.9 87.4 6.2 13.9 35.3 15.2 11.5 77.1 99.1 23.6 4.0 7.7 458.9 21.9 8.2 189.5 35.4 47.9 33.1 13.7 16.8 14.3 380.8 3831.0 863.3 2967.7 1583.5 1603.2 99.0 644.3

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

339.1 162.8 146.3 648.2 32.5 105.7 39.9 25.2 6.9 6.5 126.6 6.6 350.0 50.9 12.2 5.1 81.6 98.6 4.3 505.1 10.7 63.0 3.7 18.2 853.3 203.2 120.4 122.5 41.0 65.7 467.8 19.1 130.8 12.5 1.7 1184.6 77.7 90.7 6.4 15.1 35.0 13.6 12.2 77.5 115.2 23.9 3.8 7.1 478.2 23.8 8.4 203.0 38.9 47.8 32.1 13.8 18.0 13.6 399.4 3913.7 864.7 3049.0 1623.3 1632.9 92.6 657.5

2010 share of total

3.2% 8.7% 4.3% 4.2% -0.8% 3.7% 2.5% 16.6% -3.8% 0.8% 5.3% 2.7% 16.9% 1.0% ◆ 0.6% 8.2% 0.2% -4.3% 0.2% 1.4% 3.2% -1.6% 0.2% 3.5% 8.9% 0.5% 1.3% -5.8% 0.3% 11.7% 0.1% 4.4% 2.1% -9.4% 2.5% -4.7% 0.1% 2.2% 12.9% 2.8% 0.3% -7.7% 1.6% -17.8% 0.1% -7.0% 0.5% -0.4% 21.8% 0.9% 5.2% 0.6% 3.1% 0.6% 3.1% 5.9% 1.0% 13.5% 1.7% 0.7% 12.0% 2.7% 0.5% 3.5% 3.3% -7.9% 0.3% ◆ 0.6% 1.7% 30.3% -0.3% 2.0% 3.8% 2.3% 3.5% 0.2% 8.1% 0.4% -0.6% 0.9% -10.8% 0.3% 6.5% 0.3% 0.5% 2.0% 16.2% 2.9% 1.5% 0.6% -4.7% 0.1% -8.0% 0.2% 4.2% 12.2% 8.9% 0.6% 2.5% 0.2% 7.1% 5.2% 9.8% 1.0% -0.3% 1.2% -3.1% 0.8% 0.9% 0.4% 6.9% 0.5% -4.7% 0.3% 4.9% 10.2% 2.2% 100.0% 0.2% 22.1% 2.7% 77.9% 2.5% 41.5% 1.9% 41.7% -6.5% 2.4% 2.0% 16.8%

* Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.

◆ Less than 0.05%. ‡ Excludes Former Soviet Union.

10


Consumption* Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

884.1 88.1 87.3 1059.5 20.5 91.5 10.8 10.7 5.8 7.4 1.8 25.8 52.3 226.6 11.8 6.3 7.0 33.9 4.1 7.9 10.4 10.7 94.9 129.8 19.9 6.8 8.2 93.5 7.8 2.4 42.5 9.5 20.0 15.5 10.0 129.7 3.4 70.0 16.2 12.2 31.1 3.6 12.0 78.6 7.5 21.4 938.6 62.7 13.5 11.3 2.0 73.0 20.1 56.3 239.0 8.5 27.2 22.0 59.2 116.9 37.7 3.2 224.2 9.7 106.1 54.5 255.0 21.3 6.1 18.8 16.6 33.4 103.2 42.6 38.7 8.3 11.6 991.1 3571.6 2217.1 1354.5 699.3 180.4

884.1 90.5 86.6 1061.2 19.8 93.3 10.5 9.9 5.9 7.0 1.4 28.8 55.0 231.7 12.8 4.0 7.3 32.2 4.2 8.4 9.8 10.5 95.5 131.6 20.1 6.7 9.0 92.8 8.7 2.7 44.6 9.8 19.5 15.8 10.6 128.6 3.2 72.4 16.5 13.1 29.9 3.7 13.4 78.4 7.1 22.9 945.6 63.0 12.5 11.5 2.4 74.7 19.9 59.2 243.2 8.8 26.1 22.5 60.9 118.2 38.1 3.9 228.4 11.8 107.0 55.3 247.4 22.0 6.1 18.3 16.5 36.4 103.1 44.0 38.0 9.0 12.0 997.3 3597.2 2215.7 1381.5 706.2 179.9

884.9 92.2 82.8 1059.9 17.9 92.0 10.4 9.7 5.9 6.9 1.7 30.3 55.1 229.9 13.1 3.7 7.1 33.5 4.4 8.1 9.6 10.9 92.9 127.4 20.3 6.4 8.8 92.9 9.3 2.5 44.6 9.6 19.9 16.2 10.6 129.9 3.5 72.8 16.7 12.4 30.6 3.8 13.2 78.0 7.0 23.9 943.8 67.5 12.4 12.5 3.0 76.6 20.7 59.7 252.5 9.7 25.2 23.1 62.6 120.6 38.0 3.9 247.5 12.9 111.3 57.5 243.5 23.9 6.4 17.9 15.5 35.5 104.7 44.8 40.8 9.8 12.0 1025.5 3632.3 2207.9 1424.4 702.3 181.2

900.7 95.9 85.0 1081.6 18.4 90.9 10.5 9.7 6.2 6.5 1.6 24.9 56.2 224.9 14.2 4.3 7.2 36.4 5.1 8.7 9.2 11.4 93.1 125.1 19.7 6.3 8.5 92.1 10.1 2.4 44.9 10.2 20.2 15.2 9.4 130.1 3.3 75.8 17.2 12.1 31.0 4.2 13.5 79.0 7.5 25.2 952.6 71.4 12.8 13.6 3.1 81.7 23.2 57.3 263.1 10.1 25.9 23.9 63.7 123.6 38.3 4.0 271.7 13.0 113.1 58.5 248.7 23.6 6.9 15.8 15.5 33.9 105.6 46.5 43.9 10.5 12.1 1061.6 3707.4 2242.2 1465.3 706.6 184.1

936.5 100.6 88.6 1125.8 19.3 91.3 11.1 9.9 6.3 7.3 1.8 27.2 56.8 231.1 13.8 4.6 7.4 37.6 4.7 9.5 9.1 10.6 94.0 124.0 21.4 6.5 8.9 89.7 10.7 2.6 47.1 9.9 21.6 15.4 10.9 130.6 3.2 79.3 16.5 12.0 31.0 4.3 14.2 81.7 7.0 26.1 966.0 74.5 12.0 15.2 3.4 88.3 24.8 60.9 279.0 10.6 26.8 24.7 66.4 128.5 39.1 4.0 318.9 15.4 120.2 62.0 241.0 24.5 6.9 16.0 16.0 38.1 103.9 48.7 48.4 12.5 12.7 1128.3 3858.7 2287.2 1571.6 717.7 186.6

939.8 100.3 90.9 1131.0 20.6 94.0 11.8 10.5 7.5 7.1 2.1 29.1 57.1 239.9 14.2 5.3 7.1 37.7 5.0 9.9 9.3 11.0 93.1 122.4 21.2 7.5 9.3 86.7 11.3 2.8 50.6 10.0 22.4 16.0 10.5 129.9 3.8 80.4 16.5 12.2 30.2 4.5 13.5 83.0 5.3 27.3 970.1 78.4 12.2 16.7 4.0 88.1 26.7 62.3 288.5 11.0 29.8 24.6 69.1 134.5 40.2 4.6 327.8 13.8 119.6 61.2 244.8 23.9 7.1 15.3 14.9 42.3 104.4 49.1 50.6 12.2 12.8 1144.5 3908.5 2303.6 1604.9 723.1 185.4

930.7 100.5 89.8 1120.9 21.5 95.1 12.3 11.0 8.2 6.9 2.4 30.5 58.1 246.0 14.2 4.8 8.0 37.4 5.3 9.8 9.6 10.6 93.0 123.6 22.2 7.8 9.3 86.7 11.6 2.8 52.0 10.3 23.3 14.4 10.3 135.8 3.4 79.7 16.9 12.6 29.5 4.7 14.1 82.3 5.3 27.8 978.9 82.4 11.9 15.2 4.6 92.3 28.3 67.4 302.3 11.5 28.7 25.3 68.2 133.7 41.5 4.5 351.2 15.0 120.4 58.3 238.0 23.4 7.2 17.6 13.3 45.1 104.5 48.4 50.1 12.0 12.8 1163.5 3945.3 2289.7 1655.6 724.6 193.0

928.8 103.8 92.1 1124.7 24.2 100.6 16.2 10.7 8.9 7.1 2.4 31.5 59.9 261.5 13.4 4.5 7.3 37.7 5.1 9.7 9.7 10.6 91.4 112.5 21.7 7.7 9.4 84.0 11.8 2.8 53.5 10.5 24.2 14.4 10.3 135.7 3.6 80.7 16.1 11.3 30.5 5.1 15.5 79.2 4.9 29.6 964.4 82.5 12.4 15.3 5.4 98.2 30.0 70.2 314.1 12.9 30.6 26.2 71.1 140.8 41.8 4.6 369.3 16.1 133.4 59.5 229.7 24.8 7.2 19.2 14.0 49.0 107.1 50.2 49.2 13.3 13.5 1201.9 4007.3 2276.3 1731.0 708.4 194.3

875.8 102.5 91.7 1070.0 25.9 107.1 16.8 10.6 9.4 8.0 2.2 32.9 58.6 271.4 13.5 3.5 8.1 40.8 5.4 9.9 9.5 10.5 90.8 118.9 21.4 7.5 9.0 80.4 12.8 3.1 51.1 10.2 25.3 13.6 10.4 141.4 3.9 79.0 15.7 12.1 30.9 5.3 14.8 77.9 4.8 29.9 971.5 87.4 12.2 16.3 6.2 107.2 32.0 73.6 334.9 14.0 32.6 25.3 74.8 146.8 42.5 4.7 376.0 14.6 144.1 59.1 222.1 24.8 7.3 19.3 12.3 52.0 101.9 45.0 49.0 14.1 13.0 1201.9 3996.5 2210.5 1786.0 709.0 200.8

833.2 97.1 88.5 1018.8 23.7 107.0 15.6 10.5 10.1 8.1 2.1 33.7 57.9 268.6 13.0 3.2 9.3 33.4 5.6 9.7 8.5 9.9 87.5 113.9 20.2 7.1 8.0 75.1 12.1 2.6 49.4 10.3 25.3 12.8 9.2 135.2 3.7 75.7 14.6 12.3 28.2 5.4 13.3 74.4 4.8 28.5 922.2 85.1 11.5 17.2 6.2 117.2 29.8 77.3 344.3 14.9 34.4 24.7 77.0 150.9 42.2 4.8 388.2 14.0 151.0 59.2 198.7 24.5 6.8 20.6 13.1 56.1 103.0 44.1 49.9 14.1 13.4 1203.8 3908.7 2094.8 1813.9 670.2 192.7

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

850.0 2.0% 21.1% 102.3 5.4% 2.5% 87.4 -1.2% 2.2% 1039.7 2.1% 25.8% 25.7 8.5% 0.6% 116.9 9.3% 2.9% 14.7 -6.0% 0.4% 11.0 4.1% 0.3% 10.6 5.0% 0.3% 8.4 3.6% 0.2% 2.1 4.4% 0.1% 35.2 4.7% 0.9% 57.3 -1.0% 1.4% 282.0 5.0% 7.0% 13.0 0.2% 0.3% 3.3 4.0% 0.1% 6.6 -29.3% 0.2% 35.0 4.8% 0.9% 4.2 -25.6% 0.1% 9.2 -5.0% 0.2% 8.7 2.0% 0.2% 10.4 4.9% 0.3% 83.4 -4.7% 2.1% 115.1 1.1% 2.9% 18.5 -8.7% 0.5% 6.7 -5.2% 0.2% 7.6 -5.0% 0.2% 73.1 -2.7% 1.8% 12.5 3.2% 0.3% 2.7 3.0% 0.1% 49.8 0.9% 1.2% 10.7 3.5% 0.3% 26.3 3.9% 0.7% 12.6 -1.6% 0.3% 9.1 -1.4% 0.2% 147.6 9.2% 3.7% 3.7 -0.3% 0.1% 74.5 -1.6% 1.8% 14.5 -0.1% 0.4% 11.4 -7.1% 0.3% 28.7 1.7% 0.7% 5.6 3.6% 0.1% 11.6 -13.2% 0.3% 73.7 -1.0% 1.8% 5.0 2.8% 0.1% 28.3 -0.7% 0.7% 922.9 0.1% 22.9% 86.0 1.0% 2.1% 11.2 -2.2% 0.3% 17.7 2.8% 0.4% 7.4 18.1% 0.2% 125.5 7.1% 3.1% 32.3 8.4% 0.8% 80.2 3.8% 2.0% 360.2 4.6% 8.9% 14.9 -0.1% 0.4% 36.3 5.4% 0.9% 25.3 2.7% 0.6% 79.0 2.6% 2.0% 155.5 3.0% 3.9% 42.6 0.8% 1.1% 4.8 0.4% 0.1% 428.6 10.4% 10.6% 16.1 15.2% 0.4% 155.5 2.9% 3.9% 59.6 0.7% 1.5% 201.6 1.5% 5.0% 25.3 3.3% 0.6% 6.9 0.1% 0.2% 20.5 -0.6% 0.5% 13.1 0.1% 0.3% 62.2 10.9% 1.5% 105.6 2.5% 2.6% 46.2 4.7% 1.1% 50.2 0.5% 1.2% 15.6 10.4% 0.4% 13.5 0.9% 0.3% 1267.8 5.3% 31.5% 4028.1 3.1% 100.0% 2113.8 0.9% 52.5% 1914.3 5.5% 47.5% 662.5 -1.1% 16.4% 201.5 4.6% 5.0%

demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included. * Inland

Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

11


Production by region

Consumption by region

Million barrels daily

Million barrels daily

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

85

90

95

00

05

10

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

0

85

90

95

00

05

10

World oil production increased by 1.8 million b/d in 2010; growth was broadly-based, with increases in all regions except Europe & Eurasia. Moreover, growth was broadly split between OPEC and non-OPEC countries. World oil consumption increased by 2.7 million b/d; growth was above average in all regions, although Asia Pacific countries accounted for the majority (54%) of global consumption growth.

Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes

0-0.75 0.75-1.5 1.5-2.25 2.25-3.0 > 3.0

12

0


Regional consumption by product group Thousand barrels daily

North America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total North America of which: US Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total US S. & Cent. America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total S. & Cent. America Europe Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Europe Former Soviet Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Former Soviet Union Middle East Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Middle East Africa Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Africa Asia Pacific Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Asia Pacific of which: China Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total China of which: Japan Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Japan World Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total World OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total OECD Non-OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Non-OECD European Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total European Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

10090 6809 1491 5184 23574

10194 6810 1385 5207 23595

10505 6653 1186 5332 23676

10657 6858 1251 5291 24058

10972 7131 1338 5506 24947

11012 7248 1394 5410 25063

11133 7297 1055 5470 24955

11206 7318 1081 5467 25073

10860 6936 941 5105 23841

10839 6284 801 5022 22946

10949 6548 826 5095 23418

1.0% 46.8% 4.2% 28.0% 3.1% 3.5% 1.5% 21.8% 2.1% 100.0%

8813 5852 893 4143 19701

8890 5884 794 4082 19649

9167 5735 686 4172 19761

9275 5886 763 4109 20033

9518 6116 859 4239 20732

9548 6198 914 4143 20802

9599 6226 683 4178 20687

9597 6199 718 4166 20680

9253 5801 618 3826 19498

9257 5241 508 3766 18771

9305 5449 547 3848 19148

0.5% 48.6% 4.0% 28.5% 7.7% 2.9% 2.2% 20.1% 2.0% 100.0%

1443 1628 728 1056 4855 4309 6760 1843 2927 15838

1411 1669 762 1114 4956 4192 7021 1862 2939 16015

1418 1656 740 1127 4941 4097 6968 1870 3016 15951

1421 1648 692 1063 4825 4039 7170 1829 3039 16077

1381 1759 712 1094 4946 4023 7364 1781 3088 16257

1467 1802 717 1158 5144 3921 7579 1746 3165 16411

1508 1847 729 1187 5271 3781 7746 1705 3171 16403

1608 2017 774 1224 5622 3725 7630 1615 3145 16115

1697 2091 770 1277 5835 3521 7855 1565 3126 16066

1749 2045 770 1264 5827

4.9% 30.1% 7.7% 36.1% -1.7% 12.4% 3.5% 21.4% 4.7% 100.0%

3447 7543 1352 2953 15295

1835 2203 757 1309 6104 3401 7663 1230 2867 15161

-1.3% 22.4% 1.6% 50.5% -9.0% 8.1% -2.9% 18.9% -0.9% 100.0%

942 1003 726 1072 3743

1000 1029 659 1067 3754

1041 1040 630 1088 3799

1077 1085 598 1131 3889

1078 1111 537 1216 3942

1094 1144 516 1191 3946

1136 1182 571 1205 4095

1205 1253 461 1236 4156

1260 1334 428 1269 4291

1234 1211 399 1309 4153

1287 1293 390 1379 4349

4.3% 29.6% 6.8% 29.7% -2.3% 9.0% 5.3% 31.7% 4.7% 100.0%

949 1640 1397 1036 5021

1032 1682 1385 1049 5148

1132 1737 1365 1140 5374

1190 1810 1369 1246 5615

1293 1894 1459 1299 5946

1373 1979 1541 1331 6225

1458 2107 1585 1348 6497

1457 2150 1727 1402 6736

1587 2275 1867 1423 7153

1686 2314 1932 1501 7433

1783 2387 2035 1616 7821

5.8% 22.8% 3.2% 30.5% 5.3% 26.0% 7.7% 20.7% 5.2% 100.0%

576 1030 403 430 2439

590 1060 383 448 2481

603 1095 367 475 2540

627 1140 365 478 2611

666 1155 380 506 2708

680 1194 428 533 2835

670 1224 407 523 2824

695 1320 413 546 2974

742 1389 418 549 3097

773 1433 430 559 3195

802 1486 447 555 3291

3.8% 24.4% 3.8% 45.2% 4.1% 13.6% -0.7% 16.9% 3.0% 100.0%

5842 7795 3571 3927 21135

5990 7948 3421 3994 21353

6269 8070 3338 4310 21987

6532 8225 3475 4517 22750

6890 8766 3505 4920 24081

7091 9005 3493 4914 24503

7180 9058 3573 5103 24914

7540 9205 3605 5404 25753

7616 9312 3437 5351 25715

7875 9262 3101 5627 25866

8326 9836 3163 5912 27237

5.7% 30.6% 6.2% 36.1% 2.0% 11.6% 5.1% 21.7% 5.3% 100.0%

1277 1592 766 1131 4766

1260 1673 771 1155 4859

1359 1785 783 1335 5262

1498 1938 869 1467 5771

1681 2277 943 1837 6738

1787 2518 893 1745 6944

1900 2713 929 1896 7437

2036 2869 899 2013 7817

2125 3079 776 1957 7937

2211 3178 662 2150 8201

2454 3577 671 2355 9057

11.0% 27.1% 12.6% 39.5% 1.3% 7.4% 9.5% 26.0% 10.4% 100.0%

1706 1971 783 1071 5530

1689 1970 676 1058 5394

1727 1944 635 1014 5320

1757 1918 753 986 5413

1760 1869 657 951 5238

1823 1878 680 953 5334

1814 1760 661 969 5203

1791 1621 661 956 5029

1676 1502 710 948 4836

1678 1380 453 880 4391

1742 1385 443 880 4451

3.8% 39.1% 0.4% 31.1% -2.2% 10.0% ◆ 19.8% 1.4% 100.0%

24150 26665 10159 15631 76605

24409 27219 9858 15818 77304

25065 27219 9497 16487 78268

25543 27936 9579 16765 79823

26303 29182 9713 17630 82827

26639 29951 9836 17701 84126

26866 30460 9625 18008 84958

27436 30892 9676 18425 86428

27281 31192 9426 18101 85999

27602 30091 8786 18235 84714

28383 31417 8849 18734 87382

2.8% 32.5% 4.4% 36.0% 0.7% 10.1% 2.7% 21.4% 3.1% 100.0%

17312 16535 4562 9719 48128

17291 16785 4328 9734 48139

17588 16568 4081 9870 48106

17738 16954 4218 9824 48734

18009 17360 4156 10041 49566

18059 17722 4192 10023 49996

18068 17832 3782 10112 49794

18167 17660 3713 10070 49611

17480 17366 3518 9689 48053

17440 16240 2875 9408 45963

17622 16669 2753 9395 46438

1.0% 37.9% 2.6% 35.9% -4.2% 5.9% -0.1% 20.2% 1.0% 100.0%

6838 10130 5597 5912 28477

7118 10434 5530 6083 29165

7477 10651 5416 6618 30162

7805 10983 5361 6941 31090

8294 11823 5556 7589 33262

8580 12229 5643 7678 34130

8798 12628 5844 7895 35164

9268 13232 5962 8354 36817

9801 13826 5908 8412 37946

10162 13851 5911 8827 38751

10761 14748 6096 9339 40944

5.9% 26.3% 6.5% 36.0% 3.1% 14.9% 5.8% 22.8% 5.7% 100.0%

4037 6261 1665 2622 14585

3934 6495 1675 2651 14754

3836 6440 1672 2731 14679

3790 6626 1626 2727 14769

3776 6814 1600 2763 14953

3687 6981 1599 2834 15101

3549 7116 1584 2853 15103

3502 6978 1503 2818 14801

3317 7166 1460 2814 14757

3223 6857 1284 2652 14016

3183 6964 1173 2570 13890

-1.2% 22.9% 1.6% 50.1% -8.6% 8.4% -3.1% 18.5% -0.9% 100.0%

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. ‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF). ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

13


Product consumption by region Million barrels daily

Light distillates

Middle distillates

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Former Soviet Union

00

01

02

Europe S. & Cent. America North America

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

Fuel oil

00

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

Others

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

00

01

02

03

04

05

Rotterdam product prices

US Gulf Coast product prices

US dollars per barrel

US dollars per barrel

160

Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil

150 140

06

07

08

09

10

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

150 140

130

130

120

120

110

110

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

0

Source: Platts.

14

0

160

Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil

10

10 93

0

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

0

Source: Platts.


Spot crude prices US dollars per barrel

Dubai $/bbI*

Brent $/bbI†

Nigerian Forcados $/bbI

West Texas Intermediate $/bbI‡

1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

2.83 10.41 10.70 11.63 12.38 13.03 29.75 35.69 34.32 31.80 28.78 28.06 27.53 13.10 16.95 13.27 15.62 20.45 16.63 17.17 14.93 14.74 16.10 18.52 18.23 12.21 17.25 26.20 22.81 23.74 26.78 33.64 49.35 61.50 68.19 94.34 61.39 78.06

– – – 12.80 13.92 14.02 31.61 36.83 35.93 32.97 29.55 28.78 27.56 14.43 18.44 14.92 18.23 23.73 20.00 19.32 16.97 15.82 17.02 20.67 19.09 12.72 17.97 28.50 24.44 25.02 28.83 38.27 54.52 65.14 72.39 97.26 61.67 79.50

– – – 12.87 14.21 13.65 29.25 36.98 36.18 33.29 29.54 28.14 27.75 14.46 18.39 15.00 18.30 23.85 20.11 19.61 17.41 16.25 17.26 21.16 19.33 12.62 18.00 28.42 24.23 25.04 28.66 38.13 55.69 67.07 74.48 101.43 63.35 81.05

– – – 12.23 14.22 14.55 25.08 37.96 36.08 33.65 30.30 29.39 27.98 15.10 19.18 15.97 19.68 24.50 21.54 20.57 18.45 17.21 18.42 22.16 20.61 14.39 19.31 30.37 25.93 26.16 31.07 41.49 56.59 66.02 72.20 100.06 61.92 79.45

*1 972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2010 Dubai dated. †1 976-1983 Forties, 1984-2010 Brent dated. ‡1 976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2010 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Source: Platts.

Crude oil prices 1861-2010 US dollars per barrel World events

Yom Kippur war Post-war reconstruction

Fears of shortage in US Growth of Venezuelan production

Pennsylvanian oil boom

Russian oil exports began

Sumatra Discovery of production Spindletop, began Texas

Iranian revolution

Loss of Iranian supplies

East Texas field discovered

Netback pricing introduced

Suez crisis

Iraq invaded Kuwait

Asian financial crisis Invasion of Iraq

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1861-69

1870-79

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-09

2010-19 0

1861-1944 US average. 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura. 1984-2010 Brent dated.

$ 2010 $ money of the day

15


Refinery capacities Thousand barrels daily*

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Netherlands Antilles Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Belgium France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Norway Russian Federation Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

16595 1861 1481 19937 626 1849 320 1269 2207 6271 770 1984 2262 403 2485 1277 318 5655 1330 422 713 1778 6002 25399 1597 740 740 1806 440 1168 6491 2897 828 5407 2219 1127 5010 1255 2598 732 899 1403 21478 82473 44761 37712 15456 8574

16785 1917 1481 20183 619 1849 320 1269 2189 6246 785 1961 2274 412 2485 1278 307 5628 1330 422 713 1769 5912 25276 1597 740 759 1806 674 1170 6746 3164 815 5643 2261 1127 4705 1255 2598 874 1064 1512 21853 83469 44697 38771 15540 8404

16757 1923 1463 20143 619 1854 320 1269 2234 6296 803 1987 2286 412 2485 1282 310 5590 1330 422 713 1785 5754 25159 1597 740 809 1810 711 1248 6915 3228 829 5933 2303 1092 4721 1255 2598 1159 1068 1487 22444 84183 44900 39283 15691 8133

16894 1959 1463 20316 620 1915 320 1269 2229 6353 805 1967 2304 412 2485 1282 310 5454 1347 422 713 1813 5691 25005 1607 740 909 1890 645 1248 7039 3177 756 6295 2293 1057 4683 1255 2598 1159 1068 1416 22579 84468 45024 39444 15729 7937

17125 1915 1463 20503 623 1915 320 1284 2235 6377 782 1982 2320 412 2497 1284 310 5457 1372 422 693 1848 5687 25066 1642 740 931 2075 620 1248 7256 3116 763 6603 2558 1057 4567 1255 2598 1159 1068 1410 23037 85355 45169 40187 15803 7940

17339 1896 1463 20698 627 1916 320 1291 2251 6405 778 1978 2322 418 2515 1274 310 5522 1377 422 613 1819 5650 24999 1642 743 931 2100 620 1248 7284 3224 711 7165 2558 1057 4529 1255 2598 1159 1078 1428 23537 86147 45202 40945 15811 7945

17443 1914 1463 20821 623 1916 320 1294 2260 6413 774 1959 2390 425 2526 1274 310 5599 1377 422 613 1836 5537 25042 1727 748 931 2100 620 1283 7409 3049 694 7865 2872 1133 4542 1255 2633 1140 1125 1435 24693 87427 45422 42005 15857 7961

17594 1907 1463 20964 634 1935 320 1303 2310 6502 745 1962 2390 425 2497 1236 310 5596 1377 422 613 1819 5573 24966 1772 755 931 2100 625 1339 7522 3037 733 8399 2983 1157 4598 1255 2671 1197 1125 1443 25561 88552 45634 42918 15784 7958

17672 1951 1463 21086 634 2045 320 1303 2356 6658 745 1971 2366 425 2396 1280 310 5549 1377 422 613 1827 5559 24840 1805 744 931 2100 673 1345 7598 3171 734 8722 2992 1068 4650 1385 2712 1197 1175 1459 26094 89446 45784 43662 15658 7961

17688 1976 1463 21127 635 2095 320 1303 2335 6688 823 1873 2362 425 2396 1280 310 5527 1377 422 613 1757 5596 24761 1860 763 931 2100 673 1491 7818 3022 734 9479 3574 1106 4621 1385 2712 1197 1240 1605 27653 91068 45742 45326 15553 7965

* Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

17594 1914 1463 20971 638 2095 320 1303 2351 6707 823 1703 2091 440 2396 1274 310 5555 1427 422 613 1757 5705 24516 1860 856 931 2100 673 1491 7911 3292 740 10121 3703 1158 4463 1385 2712 1197 1253 1662 28394 91791 45124 46667 15240 8033

2010 share of total

-0.5% 19.2% -3.1% 2.1% – 1.6% -0.7% 22.8% 0.5% 0.7% – 2.3% – 0.3% – 1.4% 0.7% 2.6% 0.3% 7.3% – 0.9% -9.1% 1.9% -11.5% 2.3% 3.5% 0.5% – 2.6% -0.4% 1.4% – 0.3% 0.5% 6.1% 3.6% 1.6% – 0.5% – 0.7% – 1.9% 2.0% 6.2% -1.0% 26.7% – 2.0% 12.2% 0.9% – 1.0% – 2.3% – 0.7% – 1.6% 1.2% 8.6% 8.9% 3.6% 0.8% 0.8% 6.8% 11.0% 3.6% 4.0% 4.7% 1.3% -3.4% 4.9% – 1.5% – 3.0% – 1.3% 1.0% 1.4% 3.6% 1.8% 2.7% 30.9% 0.8% 100.0% -1.3% 49.2% 3.0% 50.8% -2.0% 16.6% 0.9% 8.8%

Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Refinery throughputs Thousand barrels daily*

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Australasia China India Japan Other Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

* Input to primary distillation units only.

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

15067 1765 1363 5337 19240 5430 2188 851 4218 2039 4145 6831 68475 39710 28766 13749 4583

15128 1812 1398 5332 19394 5406 2443 847 4215 2144 4107 6841 69067 39712 29356 13685 4797

14947 1862 1390 4932 19460 5482 2377 855 4395 2212 3986 6631 68528 39046 29482 13486 5060

15304 1880 1436 5023 19952 5599 2301 823 4823 2380 4118 6877 70516 39848 30669 13733 5276

15475 1957 1436 5414 20417 5805 2304 820 5382 2559 4038 7354 72961 40415 32546 14089 5417

15220 1883 1415 5391 20782 6007 2490 757 5916 2561 4136 7470 74029 40214 33815 14172 5713

15242 1835 1407 5348 20822 6294 2352 749 6155 2860 4026 7463 74553 40019 34534 14006 5873

15156 1908 1395 5470 20758 6442 2343 767 6563 3107 3995 7489 75393 39764 35630 13765 6017

14648 1839 1392 5390 20700 6404 2455 756 6953 3213 3946 7342 75038 38856 36183 13675 6189

14336 1773 1392 4775 19562 6330 2312 762 7488 3641 3627 7065 73063 37016 36048 12693 6183

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

16

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

14722 1827 1184 4621 19664 6513 2454 756 8492 3903 3619 7062 74816 37287 37529 12585 6388

2010 share of total

2.7% 19.7% 3.0% 2.4% -15.0% 1.6% -3.2% 6.2% 0.5% 26.3% 2.9% 8.7% 6.1% 3.3% -0.7% 1.0% 13.4% 11.4% 7.2% 5.2% -0.2% 4.8% -0.1% 9.4% 2.4% 100.0% 0.7% 49.8% 4.1% 50.2% -0.9% 16.8% 3.3% 8.5%

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).


Refinery utilization Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

North America S.& Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World 00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

50

10

40

Global crude runs grew by 1.8 million b/d in 2010, led by a 1 million b/d increase in China. For the first time, refinery throughputs in the non-OECD exceeded those of the OECD. Most of the 0.7 million b/d increase in global refining capacity last year was also in China. Installed capacity in the non-OECD is now 1.5 million b/d above that of the OECD. Global average refinery utilization improved to 81.5%, the first increase since 2005.

Regional refining margins US dollars per barrel

25

USGC West Texas Sour Coking NWE Brent Cracking Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking

20

15

10

5

0

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

-5

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres. US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

17


Trade movements Thousand barrels daily

Imports US Europe Japan Rest of World* Total World Exports US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa Asia Pacific‡ Rest of World* Total World

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

11092 11070 5329 15880 43371

11618 11531 5202 16436 44787

11357 11895 5070 16291 44613

12254 11993 5314 17191 46752

12898 12538 5203 18651 49290

13525 13261 5225 19172 51182

13612 13461 5201 20287 52561

13632 13953 5032 22937 55554

12872 13751 4925 23078 54626

11453 12486 4263 24132 52333

11689 12094 4567 25160 53510

890 1703 1814 3079 1967 4273 18944 2732 3293 3736 940 43371

910 1804 1882 3143 1947 4679 19098 2724 3182 3914 1506 44789

904 1959 1966 2965 2234 5370 18062 2620 3134 3848 1551 44613

921 2096 2115 2942 2066 6003 18943 2715 3612 3978 1361 46752

991 2148 2070 3233 1993 6440 19630 2917 4048 4189 1631 49290

1129 2201 2065 3528 2149 7076 19821 3070 4358 4243 1542 51182

1317 2330 2102 3681 2173 7155 20204 3225 4704 4312 1359 52561

1439 2457 1975 3570 2273 8334 19680 3336 4830 6004 1656 55554

1967 2498 1609 3616 2023 8184 20128 3260 4587 5392 1363 54626

1947 2518 1449 3748 2034 7972 18409 2938 4364 5631 1323 52333

2154 10.7% 4.0% 2599 3.2% 4.9% 1539 6.2% 2.9% 3568 -4.8% 6.7% 1888 -7.2% 3.5% 8544 7.2% 16.0% 18883 2.6% 35.3% 2871 -2.3% 5.4% 4601 5.5% 8.6% 6226 10.6% 11.6% 637 -51.9% 1.2% 53510 2.2% 100.0%

2.1% 21.8% -3.1% 22.6% 7.1% 8.5% 4.3% 47.0% 2.2% 100.0%

* Includes unidentified trade.

‡ Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2010 Million tonnes From

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. & Cent. America

Europe

Africa

Austral- asia

To

China

India

Japan Singapore

Other Asia Pacific

Rest of World

Total

– 125.0 63.5 109.3 33.9 36.9 86.0 28.9 83.8 – 0.5 0.4 2.4 0.5 0.4 5.8 – 577.1

6.0 – 1.6 4.4 10.7 1.6 4.3 5.8 6.8 – – † † 0.1 0.1 0.2 – 41.6

22.8 0.3 – 1.2 4.3 0.4 0.6 0.1 – † – – – 0.1 † 0.5 – 30.4

36.8 0.1 1.5 – 4.9 0.7 5.5 4.4 12.7 † 0.1 4.8 2.6 0.2 0.4 3.0 – 77.6

17.1 1.3 6.8 16.0 – 295.2 116.7 83.0 45.7 0.1 † 0.7 8.2 0.9 1.7 3.3 – 596.8

3.4 – – 0.5 14.6 1.3 15.2 – 2.9 – – 0.9 0.5 0.1 3.1 1.1 – 43.5

0.2 – – † † 1.0 7.1 0.8 1.4 – – 0.1 0.1 1.6 10.8 20.0 – 43.1

2.5 0.9 1.2 24.1 1.3 33.3 118.4 10.1 43.7 12.7 7.2 – 0.6 2.7 7.0 28.8 – 294.5

0.4 – 1.4 9.6 0.4 0.8 129.6 4.0 21.3 1.1 1.4 0.6 – 0.2 3.5 4.2 – 178.5

4.5 0.5 – 0.4 0.5 14.5 179.9 0.8 0.4 2.2 2.7 1.1 2.9 – 0.6 14.6 – 225.7

6.6 † 0.5 8.9 8.4 9.2 45.4 0.2 – 0.2 2.0 5.5 10.1 5.4 – 37.6 – 139.9

0.8 0.1 † 1.3 2.0 15.8 227.1 3.0 9.8 0.4 9.9 16.1 28.6 2.7 39.5 – – 357.1

2.0 103.1 † 128.2 – 76.3 0.1 175.8 10.1 91.1 10.4 421.2 † 935.9 0.7 141.7 0.1 228.8 – 16.7 – 23.8 1.3 31.5 1.2 57.2 † 14.5 0.7 67.9 0.8 119.8 – – 27.5 2633.5

– 2532 1280 2211 702 756 1729 589 1686 – 10 8 49 10 8 119 – 11689

124 – 32 91 217 34 86 117 137 – – ‡ 1 2 2 4 – 846

477 7 – 26 90 9 12 2 – ‡ – – – 2 ‡ 11 – 636

769 2 30 – 102 14 111 91 256 ‡ 2 100 54 4 8 63 – 1606

358 27 136 327 – 5982 2355 1677 920 2 ‡ 14 172 19 36 69 – 12094

71 – – 9 304 26 308 – 59 – – 19 11 2 65 22 – 895

4 – – 1 1 20 142 15 29 – – 2 2 33 225 403 – 878

53 19 24 488 26 676 2383 203 878 254 147 – 12 57 147 596 – 5963

8 – 28 193 9 17 2612 80 428 21 28 13 – 3 73 84 – 3598

95 10 – 9 10 293 3629 17 8 44 56 23 60 – 13 300 – 4567

138 ‡ 10 185 176 192 921 4 – 4 40 114 210 114 – 782 – 2892

17 1 ‡ 27 41 318 4593 61 197 8 201 334 599 56 826 – – 7281

41 ‡ – 2 210 209 1 15 2 – – 28 25 ‡ 15 17 – 565

Thousand barrels daily From

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total imports

*I ncludes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc. †L ess than 0.05. ‡L ess than 0.5.

18

2154 2599 1539 3568 1888 8544 18883 2871 4601 335 485 656 1196 302 1418 2472 – 53510


Major trade movements 2010 Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

295.2 2 33.9

33.3

36.9

125.0 125 5

11 16.7

45.7

179.9 99 9.9

83.8

22.8

28.9

63.5

83.0 83 0

11 1 118 118.4 18

86.0 36.8

45.4 28.8

129 9.6

109.3

227.1

28.6

9 39.5

37.6 6

20.0

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific

21.3 43.7 24.1

Imports and exports 2010

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total World

Crude imports

456.1 28.9 0.4 20.9 465.1 † 11.3 12.3 0.1 5.0 29.0 234.6 162.0 184.8 39.9 225.5 – 1875.8

Million tonnes Product Crude imports exports

121.0 12.7 30.1 56.8 131.7 4.8 10.1 12.0 6.9 7.3 14.1 59.9 16.5 40.9 100.1 131.7 1.2 757.7

1.4 99.1 67.8 131.2 19.3 318.0 828.7 112.6 221.2 16.2 16.2 2.0 – 0.3 2.1 39.7 – 1875.8

Product exports

101.7 29.1 8.5 44.6 71.8 103.2 107.2 29.2 7.6 0.4 7.6 29.4 57.2 14.1 65.8 80.2 – 757.7

Crude imports

9159 580 7 419 9341 1 226 247 1 101 583 4710 3254 3711 800 4528 – 37670

Thousand barrels daily Product Crude imports exports

2530 266 629 1186 2753 101 212 250 144 152 295 1253 344 856 2092 2753 25 15840

28 1990 1362 2635 387 6386 16642 2260 4443 326 325 41 – 6.4 42 796 – 37670

Product exports

2126 609 177 933 1501 2158 2241 610 159 9 160 615 1196 295 1376 1676 – 15840

*I ncludes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.

† Less than 0.05. Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.

19


Natural gas Proved reserves

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *M ore than 100 years.

At end 1990 Trillion cubic metres

4.8 2.7 2.0 9.5 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 3.4 0.2 5.2 n/a 0.1 0.2 0.3 n/a 1.8 1.7 0.2 0.1 n/a n/a n/a 0.5 n/a 49.7 54.5 0.2 17.0 3.1 1.5 0.3 4.6 5.2 0.2 5.6 0.2 † 38.0 3.3 0.4 1.2 2.8 0.8 8.6 0.9 0.7 0.3 1.0 0.7 2.9 1.6 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2 † 0.3 9.9 125.7 15.7 109.9 3.4 49.3

At end 2000 Trillion cubic metres

At end 2009 Trillion cubic metres

Trillion cubic feet

5.0 1.7 0.8 7.5 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 4.2 0.1 6.9 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.8 1.5 1.3 0.1 0.3 42.3 2.6 1.0 1.2 1.7 0.5 55.9 0.1 26.0 3.1 1.6 0.9 14.4 6.3 0.2 6.0 0.5 0.1 59.1 4.5 1.4 1.3 4.1 1.1 12.5 2.2 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.8 2.7 2.3 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 12.3 154.3 14.7 139.6 3.8 50.8

7.7 1.7 0.5 9.9 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 5.1 0.1 7.5 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.9 1.2 2.0 0.1 0.6 44.4 8.0 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.4 63.0 0.2 29.6 3.2 1.8 0.7 25.3 7.9 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.1 75.7 4.5 2.2 1.5 5.3 1.2 14.7 2.9 0.4 0.3 2.8 1.1 3.0 2.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4 15.8 186.6 17.0 169.6 2.5 58.4

272.5 61.0 17.3 350.8 12.2 9.9 14.7 4.4 12.5 12.9 192.7 2.3 261.6 44.9 1.8 2.4 3.0 65.2 41.5 72.1 4.2 21.0 1580.8 283.6 33.0 9.0 55.1 10.0 2227.6 7.7 1045.7 111.9 63.0 24.4 894.2 283.1 9.1 213.0 17.3 7.7 2677.0 159.1 78.0 54.7 186.9 41.4 520.1 103.1 12.9 10.6 99.2 51.2 108.4 84.6 11.8 29.1 15.6 11.0 21.8 12.4 571.8 6608.9 603.8 6005.1 86.2 2066.4

At end 2010 Trillion cubic metres

7.7 1.7 0.5 9.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 5.5 0.1 7.4 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.8 1.2 2.0 0.1 0.6 44.8 8.0 0.9 0.3 1.6 0.3 63.1 0.2 29.6 3.2 1.8 0.7 25.3 8.0 0.3 6.0 0.5 0.2 75.8 4.5 2.2 1.5 5.3 1.2 14.7 2.9 0.4 0.3 2.8 1.5 3.1 2.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4 16.2 187.1 17.1 170.0 2.4 58.5

Share of total

R/P ratio

4.1% 0.9% 0.3% 5.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 2.9% ◆ 4.0% 0.7% ◆ ◆ ◆ 1.0% 0.6% 1.1% 0.1% 0.3% 23.9% 4.3% 0.5% 0.1% 0.8% 0.2% 33.7% 0.1% 15.8% 1.7% 1.0% 0.4% 13.5% 4.3% 0.1% 3.2% 0.3% 0.1% 40.5% 2.4% 1.2% 0.8% 2.8% 0.6% 7.9% 1.6% 0.2% 0.2% 1.5% 0.8% 1.6% 1.3% 0.2% 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 8.7% 100.0% 9.1% 90.9% 1.3% 31.3%

12.6 10.8 8.9 12.0 8.6 19.5 28.9 11.0 48.8 8.6 * 22.4 45.9 84.2 6.4 6.5 11.1 54.9 16.6 19.2 29.2 54.4 76.0 * 50.4 4.5 26.4 28.3 60.5 16.7 * * * 25.5 * 95.5 33.2 * 78.3 62.1 * 56.0 36.0 98.0 * 65.7 70.5 58.0 18.3 24.7 29.0 28.5 37.4 36.1 27.5 20.9 * 8.6 66.0 20.4 32.8 58.6 14.7 83.6 14.0 77.2

†L ess than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. n/a not available. Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

20


Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

2010 by region

History 200

800

Middle East Asia Pacific World

North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Africa

160 600

120

400

80

200 40

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

0

80

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World natural gas proved reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 58.6 years of global production. R/P ratios declined for each region, driven by rising production. The Middle East once again had the highest regional R/P ratio, while Middle East and Former Soviet Union regions jointly hold 72% of the world’s gas reserves.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010 Percentage

Middle East Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific Africa North America S. & Cent. America

4.0

40.5

5.3

4.5

38.3

7.9

4.9

4.1

8.1

30.2

7.6

8.7

6.8

7.8

8.0

1990 Total 125.7 trillion cubic metres

2000 Total 154.3 trillion cubic metres

2010 Total 187.1 trillion cubic metres

43.4 36.3

33.7

21


Production* Billion cubic metres

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *E xcluding gas flared or recycled. ◆Less than 0.05%.

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

543.2 182.2 38.3 763.7 37.4 3.2 7.5 5.9 0.3 14.5 27.9 3.4 100.2 5.1 8.2 16.9 15.2 10.4 58.1 49.7 3.7 13.8 528.5 42.5 16.2 108.4 51.1 11.1 938.9 8.8 60.2 3.2 9.6 8.7 23.7 49.8 5.5 38.4 – 0.3 208.1 84.4 21.0 5.9 12.5 6.5 130.3 31.2 10.0 11.3 27.2 26.4 65.2 45.3 3.4 21.5 20.2 1.6 9.0 272.1 2413.4 1073.9 1339.5 231.9 654.2

555.5 186.5 38.2 780.1 37.1 4.7 7.7 6.1 0.4 15.5 29.6 3.5 104.5 5.0 8.4 17.0 14.0 10.5 62.4 53.9 3.9 13.6 526.2 46.4 16.6 105.8 52.0 10.9 946.6 9.1 66.0 2.8 10.5 14.0 27.0 53.7 5.0 44.9 – 0.3 233.3 78.2 25.2 6.2 14.9 6.9 131.5 32.1 10.7 11.4 30.3 26.4 63.3 46.9 7.0 22.7 19.6 2.0 9.5 282.0 2478.0 1096.6 1381.4 232.8 657.1

536.0 187.9 39.4 763.3 36.1 4.9 9.2 6.2 0.4 18.0 28.4 3.4 106.7 4.7 8.4 17.0 13.4 10.2 60.3 65.5 4.0 13.2 538.8 48.4 17.0 103.6 51.9 11.2 967.6 9.5 75.0 2.4 9.5 15.0 29.5 56.7 6.1 43.4 – 0.3 247.2 80.4 27.3 5.9 14.2 6.6 134.4 32.2 11.4 11.5 32.7 27.6 69.7 48.3 8.4 24.6 20.5 2.4 10.9 300.2 2519.4 1086.4 1433.0 227.6 671.4

540.8 184.7 41.1 766.6 41.0 6.4 10.0 6.1 0.5 26.3 25.2 3.1 118.7 4.6 8.0 17.7 12.7 12.6 58.1 73.1 4.0 13.0 561.5 53.5 17.6 102.9 52.0 10.6 1001.9 9.6 81.5 1.6 11.0 16.5 31.4 60.1 6.2 44.8 – 0.3 262.9 82.8 30.1 5.5 19.2 7.2 144.9 32.7 12.3 12.4 35.0 29.5 73.2 51.8 9.6 30.4 21.5 2.4 10.7 321.6 2616.5 1092.8 1523.7 223.6 702.1

526.4 183.7 42.6 752.8 44.9 9.8 11.0 6.4 0.9 27.3 28.4 3.1 131.7 4.5 9.4 16.4 11.9 20.0 68.5 78.5 4.4 12.8 573.3 52.8 18.4 96.4 54.2 11.0 1032.3 9.8 84.9 1.0 11.9 18.5 39.2 65.7 6.4 46.3 – 1.5 285.1 82.0 33.0 8.1 22.8 8.9 154.7 35.8 13.2 12.2 41.5 29.2 70.3 53.9 10.2 34.5 22.4 4.2 10.1 337.4 2694.0 1091.9 1602.1 227.3 723.4

511.1 187.1 45.0 743.3 45.6 11.9 11.0 6.7 1.5 31.0 27.4 3.4 138.6 5.2 10.4 15.8 11.1 22.6 62.5 85.0 4.3 12.4 580.1 57.0 18.6 88.2 54.0 10.9 1038.0 10.7 103.5 1.5 12.2 19.8 45.8 71.2 5.5 47.8 – 1.9 319.9 88.2 42.5 11.3 22.4 9.9 174.3 37.2 14.5 12.0 49.3 29.6 71.2 61.1 12.2 35.5 23.7 6.4 11.1 363.9 2778.0 1076.4 1701.6 212.0 737.7

524.0 188.4 51.5 763.9 46.1 12.9 11.3 7.0 1.8 36.4 31.5 4.1 151.1 6.1 10.4 15.6 10.1 23.9 61.6 87.6 4.3 11.9 595.2 60.4 18.7 80.0 54.5 11.5 1051.7 11.3 108.6 1.5 12.5 23.7 50.7 73.5 5.7 49.0 – 2.6 339.1 84.5 54.7 13.2 28.4 10.4 191.2 40.2 15.3 12.6 58.6 29.3 70.3 63.3 12.6 36.1 24.3 7.0 14.2 383.7 2880.7 1092.9 1787.9 201.3 759.0

545.6 182.5 53.6 781.6 44.8 13.8 11.2 7.5 2.7 39.0 29.5 3.9 152.5 9.8 9.2 14.3 8.9 26.8 60.5 89.7 4.3 11.5 592.0 65.4 18.7 72.1 59.1 10.8 1053.2 11.8 111.9 1.5 12.1 24.0 63.2 74.4 5.6 50.3 – 3.0 357.8 84.8 55.7 15.3 35.0 12.3 203.1 41.9 16.3 12.3 69.2 30.1 67.6 64.6 13.5 36.8 26.0 7.1 16.9 402.2 2950.5 1102.2 1848.3 187.5 772.1

570.8 176.4 54.2 801.5 44.1 14.3 13.7 9.1 3.4 39.3 30.0 3.7 157.6 14.8 10.1 13.0 8.5 29.8 66.6 99.3 4.1 11.4 601.7 66.1 19.0 69.6 62.2 10.3 1086.5 12.7 116.3 1.9 12.8 24.1 77.0 80.4 5.3 50.2 – 3.7 384.3 85.8 59.0 15.9 35.0 15.8 211.5 41.6 17.9 12.2 80.3 30.5 69.7 64.7 12.4 37.5 28.8 7.5 17.7 420.7 3062.1 1134.3 1927.8 189.4 793.8

582.8 163.9 54.9 801.6 41.4 12.3 11.7 10.5 3.5 40.6 28.7 3.2 151.9 14.8 8.4 12.2 7.3 32.5 62.7 103.7 4.1 11.3 527.7 36.4 19.3 59.7 60.0 9.7 969.8 12.8 131.2 1.2 11.2 24.8 89.3 78.5 5.7 48.8 0.8 3.1 407.1 79.6 62.7 15.9 24.8 16.3 199.2 47.9 19.7 11.4 85.3 39.2 71.9 64.1 11.5 38.4 30.9 8.0 17.9 446.4 2975.9 1126.3 1849.5 171.5 690.9

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

611.0 4.7% 19.3% 159.8 -2.5% 5.0% 55.3 0.7% 1.7% 826.1 3.0% 26.0% 40.1 -3.0% 1.3% 14.4 16.8% 0.4% 14.4 23.5% 0.5% 11.3 7.2% 0.4% 7.2 108.4% 0.2% 42.4 4.4% 1.3% 28.5 -0.7% 0.9% 2.9 -9.9% 0.1% 161.2 6.2% 5.0% 15.1 2.2% 0.5% 8.2 -3.0% 0.3% 10.6 -12.7% 0.3% 7.6 3.6% 0.2% 33.6 3.3% 1.1% 70.5 12.4% 2.2% 106.4 2.5% 3.3% 4.1 0.5% 0.1% 10.9 -2.9% 0.3% 588.9 11.6% 18.4% 42.4 16.4% 1.3% 18.6 -3.8% 0.6% 57.1 -4.3% 1.8% 59.1 -1.5% 1.8% 10.0 3.0% 0.3% 1043.1 7.6% 32.6% 13.1 2.4% 0.4% 138.5 5.6% 4.3% ◆ 1.3 8.7% 11.6 3.5% 0.4% 27.1 9.4% 0.8% 116.7 30.7% 3.6% 83.9 7.0% 2.6% 7.8 37.3% 0.2% 51.0 4.5% 1.6% 6.2 704.6% 0.2% 3.5 15.0% 0.1% 460.7 13.2% 14.4% 80.4 1.1% 2.5% 61.3 -2.2% 1.9% 15.8 -0.6% 0.5% 33.6 35.7% 1.1% 17.8 9.4% 0.6% 209.0 4.9% 6.5% 50.4 5.1% 1.6% 20.0 1.3% 0.6% 12.2 6.7% 0.4% 96.8 13.5% 3.0% 50.9 29.7% 1.6% 82.0 14.0% 2.6% 66.5 3.7% 2.1% 12.1 4.9% 0.4% 39.5 2.7% 1.2% 36.3 17.4% 1.1% 9.4 16.7% 0.3% 17.3 -3.4% 0.5% 493.2 10.5% 15.4% 3193.3 7.3% 100.0% 1159.8 2.9% 36.5% 2033.5 9.9% 63.5% 174.9 2.0% 5.5% 757.9 9.7% 23.7%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures. Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

22


Consumption Billion cubic metres

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

660.7 92.7 41.0 794.4 33.2 9.4 6.5 5.9 0.3 0.3 10.6 27.9 1.8 96.0 8.1 5.2 15.7 15.6 3.3 8.3 4.9 3.7 39.3 79.5 2.0 10.7 3.8 64.9 9.5 2.7 38.9 4.0 11.1 2.4 17.1 354.0 6.5 16.9 0.7 2.7 14.6 12.2 71.0 96.9 45.7 13.2 985.3 62.9 † 9.6 9.7 49.8 31.4 23.3 186.7 19.8 20.0 1.2 17.4 58.4 20.5 10.0 24.5 3.0 26.4 29.7 72.3 24.1 5.6 21.5 † † 18.9 6.8 22.0 1.6 3.9 290.8 2411.7 1355.5 1056.1 440.4 523.6

629.7 88.2 41.7 759.6 31.1 11.9 7.3 6.1 0.3 0.4 11.6 29.6 2.3 100.7 8.6 7.5 15.7 15.4 3.0 8.9 5.1 4.1 41.9 82.9 2.0 11.9 4.0 65.0 10.2 2.8 40.0 3.8 11.5 2.6 16.6 366.2 6.9 18.2 0.7 2.8 16.0 12.5 68.8 96.4 49.6 14.5 1016.1 70.1 † 10.5 11.0 53.7 37.9 23.7 206.8 20.5 24.5 1.2 17.6 63.8 21.6 10.7 27.4 3.0 26.4 31.0 74.3 25.2 5.9 22.7 0.1 0.9 20.8 7.3 24.8 2.0 3.8 308.0 2455.0 1340.1 1114.9 451.8 541.6

651.5 90.2 45.3 787.0 30.3 14.1 7.4 6.1 0.2 0.4 12.7 28.4 2.4 102.1 8.5 7.5 16.1 15.7 2.7 8.7 5.1 4.0 40.5 82.6 2.1 11.8 4.1 64.6 14.8 2.9 39.8 4.0 11.2 3.1 17.2 367.7 6.5 20.8 0.8 2.8 17.4 12.9 67.7 95.1 50.9 13.6 1023.2 79.2 † 9.5 11.1 56.7 36.4 24.6 217.6 20.2 26.5 1.0 18.0 65.8 22.0 11.4 29.2 2.9 27.6 32.9 72.7 26.2 5.6 24.6 1.8 3.6 23.1 8.2 26.9 2.4 3.6 324.6 2520.3 1368.8 1151.5 451.2 547.8

630.8 97.7 50.1 778.6 34.6 15.8 8.0 6.0 0.3 0.5 14.4 25.2 3.1 107.9 9.4 7.7 15.8 16.6 2.8 8.7 5.2 4.5 43.0 85.5 2.4 13.2 4.1 71.2 17.6 3.1 40.0 4.3 12.5 3.0 18.3 384.9 6.3 23.6 0.8 2.9 20.9 14.2 69.0 95.4 45.8 14.1 1067.1 82.9 † 11.0 12.2 60.1 37.9 25.0 229.0 21.4 29.7 1.0 20.4 72.6 22.0 12.3 33.9 1.8 29.5 35.0 79.8 27.3 4.3 30.4 2.7 4.0 24.2 8.4 28.6 2.4 4.2 350.8 2606.1 1392.4 1213.7 473.2 565.9

634.0 95.1 53.4 782.5 37.9 18.8 8.7 6.3 0.3 0.9 13.4 28.4 2.9 117.5 9.5 8.3 17.9 16.9 2.8 9.1 5.2 4.3 45.1 85.9 2.7 13.0 4.1 73.9 25.0 3.1 40.9 4.6 13.2 3.8 17.5 394.1 6.1 27.4 0.8 3.0 22.1 15.0 68.5 97.4 43.4 15.6 1100.1 86.5 1.2 11.9 15.0 65.7 40.2 26.5 247.1 22.0 31.7 2.1 23.8 79.7 23.4 13.2 39.7 2.7 31.9 32.2 77.0 24.7 3.9 34.5 2.5 5.0 28.4 10.2 29.9 4.2 4.5 367.7 2694.5 1415.7 1278.9 486.0 583.9

623.3 97.8 53.8 774.9 40.4 19.7 8.4 6.7 0.4 1.5 15.1 27.4 3.3 122.9 10.0 8.6 18.4 17.1 3.1 9.6 5.0 4.0 44.0 86.2 2.7 13.4 3.9 79.1 26.8 3.3 39.3 4.5 13.6 4.2 17.6 400.3 6.6 32.4 0.8 3.1 26.9 16.1 69.0 95.0 42.7 15.9 1122.8 105.0 1.7 12.2 18.7 71.2 42.1 28.4 279.2 23.2 31.6 3.1 25.0 83.0 22.0 14.5 46.8 2.7 35.7 33.2 78.6 31.4 3.6 35.5 3.3 6.8 30.4 10.3 32.5 6.4 5.2 398.9 2781.8 1422.5 1359.2 494.2 594.4

614.1 96.9 60.9 771.9 41.8 20.8 7.8 7.0 0.7 1.8 20.2 31.5 3.9 135.5 9.4 9.1 19.0 17.1 3.2 9.3 5.1 4.2 42.1 87.2 3.1 12.7 4.5 77.4 28.1 3.2 38.1 4.4 13.7 4.1 18.1 408.5 6.0 33.7 0.9 3.0 30.5 18.4 67.0 90.1 41.9 16.4 1129.5 108.7 2.3 12.5 19.6 73.5 43.4 31.5 291.5 23.7 36.5 3.5 24.4 88.1 25.3 15.3 56.1 2.9 37.3 33.2 83.7 33.7 3.7 36.1 2.6 7.1 32.0 11.1 33.3 7.0 5.5 426.0 2842.4 1425.3 1417.1 486.9 604.7

654.0 95.2 62.8 812.1 43.9 21.1 4.6 7.4 0.5 2.7 20.3 29.6 4.5 134.6 8.9 8.0 18.8 17.0 3.2 8.7 4.6 3.9 42.4 82.9 3.8 11.9 4.8 77.8 26.4 3.6 37.0 4.3 13.8 4.3 16.1 422.1 5.7 35.1 1.0 2.9 36.1 21.3 63.2 91.1 45.9 17.0 1143.5 113.0 2.8 12.1 19.3 74.4 49.2 32.3 303.1 24.3 38.4 3.5 28.3 94.4 27.6 16.3 70.5 2.7 40.1 31.3 90.2 33.4 4.1 36.8 3.2 8.6 34.7 11.8 35.4 7.1 6.0 459.6 2947.4 1475.9 1471.5 481.2 619.0

658.9 95.5 66.4 820.8 44.4 24.6 2.7 7.6 0.5 3.4 21.9 31.5 4.7 141.3 9.5 9.2 19.2 17.2 3.2 8.7 4.6 4.0 43.8 81.2 4.0 11.8 5.0 77.8 27.2 3.2 38.6 4.3 13.9 4.6 15.9 416.0 5.7 38.6 0.9 3.1 37.5 20.5 60.0 93.8 48.7 16.1 1148.2 119.3 4.1 12.8 19.3 80.4 59.5 36.5 331.9 25.4 40.8 3.7 30.2 100.1 28.8 17.9 81.3 3.2 41.3 33.3 93.7 33.8 3.8 37.5 3.3 8.2 35.7 11.6 37.4 7.5 5.7 484.0 3026.4 1500.4 1526.0 489.7 613.1

646.7 94.4 66.6 807.7 43.2 19.8 3.1 8.7 0.5 3.5 20.9 30.5 5.1 135.1 9.3 7.8 16.1 17.5 2.3 8.2 4.4 3.6 42.2 78.0 3.4 10.1 4.8 71.5 24.5 2.7 38.9 4.1 13.4 4.7 13.3 389.6 4.9 34.6 1.1 3.0 35.7 19.9 47.0 86.7 43.5 13.7 1060.5 131.4 4.5 12.1 20.0 78.5 59.1 38.6 344.1 27.2 42.5 3.4 25.7 98.9 30.7 19.7 89.5 3.1 51.0 37.4 87.4 33.7 3.9 38.4 3.3 8.1 33.9 11.3 39.2 8.0 5.2 503.9 2950.2 1453.0 1497.2 458.5 558.9

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

683.4 93.8 68.9 846.1 43.3 26.5 4.7 9.1 0.5 5.4 22.0 30.7 5.6 147.7 10.1 6.6 19.7 19.4 2.6 9.3 4.9 3.9 46.9 81.3 3.7 10.9 5.3 76.1 25.3 3.1 43.6 4.1 14.3 5.0 13.3 414.1 5.6 34.4 1.6 3.3 39.0 22.6 52.1 93.8 45.5 15.7 1137.2 136.9 5.3 14.4 20.4 83.9 60.5 44.1 365.5 28.9 45.1 3.8 27.1 105.0 30.4 20.0 109.0 3.8 61.9 40.3 94.5 35.7 4.1 39.5 3.1 8.4 42.9 14.1 45.1 9.4 5.3 567.6 3169.0 1546.2 1622.8 492.5 596.8

2010 share of total

5.6% 21.7% -0.6% 3.0% 3.4% 2.2% 4.7% 26.9% 0.4% 1.4% 33.8% 0.8% 51.0% 0.1% 4.3% 0.3% ◆ -6.0% 56.0% 0.2% 5.5% 0.7% 0.6% 1.0% 9.9% 0.2% 9.3% 4.7% 8.6% 0.3% -15.9% 0.2% 22.3% 0.6% 10.9% 0.6% 10.1% 0.1% 13.7% 0.3% 12.2% 0.2% 9.9% 0.1% 11.1% 1.5% 4.2% 2.6% 8.2% 0.1% 7.7% 0.3% 10.8% 0.2% 6.4% 2.4% 2.9% 0.8% 14.3% 0.1% 12.1% 1.4% -0.5% 0.1% 7.1% 0.5% 6.7% 0.2% 0.6% 0.4% 6.3% 13.0% 14.5% 0.2% -0.3% 1.1% 38.9% 0.1% 10.5% 0.1% 9.2% 1.2% 13.5% 0.7% 11.0% 1.6% 8.3% 3.0% 4.6% 1.4% 14.9% 0.5% 7.2% 35.8% 4.2% 4.3% 17.5% 0.2% 18.8% 0.5% 2.0% 0.6% 7.0% 2.6% 2.5% 1.9% 14.1% 1.4% 6.2% 11.5% 6.0% 0.9% 6.0% 1.4% 13.8% 0.1% 5.5% 0.9% 6.1% 3.3% -1.2% 1.0% 1.3% 0.6% 21.8% 3.4% 24.3% 0.1% 21.5% 1.9% 7.8% 1.3% 8.1% 3.0% 6.2% 1.1% 4.2% 0.1% 2.7% 1.2% -5.8% 0.1% 4.2% 0.3% 26.5% 1.4% 24.3% 0.4% 15.0% 1.4% 16.7% 0.3% 3.6% 0.2% 12.6% 17.9% 7.4% 100.0% 6.4% 48.9% 8.4% 51.1% 7.4% 15.5% 6.8% 18.8%

† Less than 0.05. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: As far as possible, the data above represent standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes oil equivalent figures. Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

23


Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *E xcluding gas flared or recycled. ◆ Less than 0.05%.

24

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

495.5 164.0 34.4 693.9 33.7 2.9 6.7 5.3 0.3 13.1 25.1 3.0 90.2 4.6 7.3 15.2 13.7 9.4 52.3 44.8 3.3 12.4 475.7 38.3 14.6 97.5 45.9 10.0 845.0 7.9 54.2 2.8 8.6 7.8 21.3 44.8 4.9 34.5 – 0.2 187.3 76.0 18.9 5.3 11.3 5.8 117.3 28.0 9.0 10.2 24.5 23.7 58.7 40.7 3.1 19.4 18.2 1.4 8.1 244.9 2178.7 973.1 1205.6 208.7 588.8

508.2 167.8 34.4 710.4 33.4 4.2 6.9 5.5 0.3 13.9 26.6 3.2 94.1 4.5 7.5 15.3 12.6 9.5 56.2 48.5 3.5 12.2 473.6 41.8 14.9 95.2 46.8 9.8 852.0 8.2 59.4 2.5 9.5 12.6 24.3 48.3 4.5 40.4 – 0.2 210.0 70.4 22.7 5.6 13.4 6.2 118.3 28.9 9.7 10.3 27.3 23.8 57.0 42.2 6.3 20.4 17.7 1.8 8.5 253.8 2238.5 995.2 1243.3 209.6 591.4

489.9 169.1 35.5 694.4 32.5 4.4 8.3 5.5 0.4 16.2 25.6 3.0 96.0 4.2 7.5 15.3 12.1 9.2 54.3 59.0 3.6 11.9 484.9 43.6 15.3 93.2 46.7 10.1 870.8 8.5 67.5 2.1 8.5 13.5 26.6 51.0 5.5 39.1 – 0.2 222.5 72.3 24.6 5.3 12.8 6.0 121.0 29.0 10.3 10.3 29.4 24.8 62.7 43.5 7.6 22.1 18.5 2.2 9.8 270.2 2274.9 985.3 1289.7 204.9 604.2

494.7 166.2 37.0 697.9 36.9 5.7 9.0 5.5 0.5 23.7 22.7 2.8 106.8 4.2 7.2 15.9 11.5 11.3 52.2 65.8 3.6 11.7 505.4 48.1 15.8 92.6 46.8 9.6 901.7 8.7 73.4 1.4 9.9 14.9 28.3 54.1 5.6 40.3 – 0.2 236.6 74.5 27.1 5.0 17.3 6.5 130.4 29.4 11.1 11.1 31.5 26.6 65.9 46.6 8.6 27.4 19.3 2.1 9.6 289.4 2362.9 991.5 1371.3 201.2 631.9

480.7 165.3 38.4 684.4 40.4 8.8 9.9 5.7 0.8 24.6 25.6 2.8 118.6 4.1 8.5 14.7 10.7 18.0 61.6 70.6 3.9 11.5 516.0 47.5 16.5 86.7 48.8 9.9 929.0 8.8 76.4 0.9 10.7 16.7 35.3 59.1 5.8 41.7 – 1.4 256.6 73.8 29.7 7.3 20.5 8.0 139.3 32.2 11.9 11.0 37.3 26.3 63.3 48.5 9.2 31.0 20.1 3.7 9.1 303.7 2431.5 989.6 1441.9 204.6 651.1

467.6 168.4 40.5 676.5 41.1 10.7 9.9 6.0 1.4 27.9 24.7 3.1 124.8 4.7 9.4 14.2 10.0 20.3 56.3 76.5 3.9 11.2 522.1 51.3 16.7 79.4 48.6 9.8 934.2 9.6 93.2 1.3 11.0 17.8 41.2 64.1 4.9 43.0 – 1.7 287.9 79.4 38.3 10.2 20.2 8.9 156.9 33.5 13.1 10.8 44.4 26.7 64.1 55.0 11.0 32.0 21.3 5.8 10.0 327.5 2507.8 976.4 1531.4 190.8 664.0

479.3 169.6 46.3 695.3 41.5 11.6 10.2 6.3 1.6 32.8 28.3 3.7 136.0 5.5 9.4 14.1 9.1 21.5 55.4 78.9 3.9 10.7 535.6 54.3 16.9 72.0 49.0 10.3 946.5 10.2 97.7 1.3 11.3 21.3 45.6 66.2 5.1 44.1 – 2.4 305.2 76.0 49.2 11.9 25.6 9.4 172.1 36.2 13.8 11.3 52.7 26.4 63.2 57.0 11.3 32.5 21.9 6.3 12.8 345.4 2600.4 991.3 1609.1 181.2 683.1

499.6 164.3 48.2 712.0 40.3 12.4 10.1 6.8 2.4 35.1 26.6 3.5 137.2 8.8 8.3 12.9 8.0 24.1 54.5 80.7 3.9 10.4 532.8 58.9 16.9 64.9 53.2 9.7 947.9 10.6 100.7 1.3 10.9 21.6 56.9 67.0 5.0 45.3 – 2.7 322.1 76.3 50.1 13.8 31.5 11.1 182.8 37.7 14.6 11.0 62.3 27.1 60.9 58.1 12.2 33.1 23.4 6.4 15.2 362.0 2664.0 1000.6 1663.5 168.7 694.9

521.7 158.8 48.8 729.3 39.7 12.9 12.4 8.2 3.1 35.4 27.0 3.4 141.8 13.3 9.1 11.7 7.6 26.8 60.0 89.4 3.7 10.3 541.5 59.5 17.1 62.7 56.0 9.2 977.8 11.4 104.7 1.7 11.5 21.7 69.3 72.4 4.8 45.2 – 3.3 345.9 77.2 53.1 14.3 31.5 14.2 190.4 37.4 16.1 10.9 72.3 27.5 62.7 58.2 11.2 33.8 25.9 6.7 16.0 378.7 2763.8 1028.8 1735.0 170.5 714.4

2009

531.6 147.5 49.4 728.5 37.2 11.1 10.5 9.5 3.1 36.5 25.8 2.9 136.7 13.3 7.6 11.0 6.6 29.3 56.4 93.4 3.7 10.1 474.9 32.7 17.3 53.7 54.0 8.8 872.8 11.5 118.0 1.0 10.1 22.3 80.4 70.6 5.1 43.9 0.7 2.8 366.4 71.6 56.4 14.3 22.3 14.7 179.3 43.1 17.8 10.3 76.7 35.3 64.7 57.7 10.4 34.6 27.8 7.2 16.1 401.7 2685.4 1020.8 1664.6 154.4 621.8

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

556.8 4.7% 19.3% 143.8 -2.5% 5.0% 49.8 0.7% 1.7% 750.4 3.0% 26.0% 36.1 -3.0% 1.3% 12.9 16.8% 0.4% 13.0 23.5% 0.5% 10.1 7.2% 0.4% 6.5 108.4% 0.2% 38.1 4.4% 1.3% 25.7 -0.7% 0.9% 2.6 -9.9% 0.1% 145.1 6.2% 5.0% 13.6 2.2% 0.5% 7.4 -3.0% 0.3% 9.6 -12.7% 0.3% 6.8 3.6% 0.2% 30.3 3.3% 1.1% 63.5 12.4% 2.2% 95.7 2.5% 3.3% 3.7 0.5% 0.1% 9.8 -2.9% 0.3% 530.1 11.6% 18.4% 38.1 16.4% 1.3% 16.7 -3.8% 0.6% 51.4 -4.3% 1.8% 53.2 -1.5% 1.8% 9.0 3.0% 0.3% 938.8 7.6% 32.6% 11.8 2.4% 0.4% 124.7 5.6% 4.3% ◆ 1.1 8.7% 10.4 3.5% 0.4% 24.4 9.4% 0.8% 105.0 30.7% 3.6% 75.5 7.0% 2.6% 7.0 37.3% 0.2% 45.9 4.5% 1.6% 5.6 704.6% 0.2% 3.2 15.0% 0.1% 414.6 13.2% 14.4% 72.4 1.1% 2.5% 55.2 -2.2% 1.9% 14.2 -0.6% 0.5% 30.3 35.7% 1.1% 16.1 9.4% 0.6% 188.1 4.9% 6.5% 45.3 5.1% 1.6% 18.0 1.3% 0.6% 11.0 6.7% 0.4% 87.1 13.5% 3.0% 45.8 29.7% 1.6% 73.8 14.0% 2.6% 59.8 3.7% 2.1% 10.9 4.9% 0.4% 35.5 2.7% 1.2% 32.7 17.4% 1.1% 8.4 16.7% 0.3% 15.6 -3.4% 0.5% 443.9 10.5% 15.4% 2880.9 7.3% 100.0% 1050.7 2.9% 36.5% 1830.2 9.9% 63.5% 157.4 2.0% 5.5% 682.1 9.7% 23.7%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.


Consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

600.4 83.4 36.9 720.7 29.9 8.5 5.8 5.3 0.3 0.3 9.5 25.1 1.6 86.4 7.3 4.7 14.2 14.0 2.9 7.5 4.4 3.4 35.4 71.5 1.8 9.7 3.4 58.4 8.6 2.5 35.0 3.6 10.0 2.1 15.4 318.6 5.8 15.2 0.7 2.4 13.1 11.0 63.9 87.2 41.1 11.9 886.8 56.6 † 8.6 8.7 44.8 28.3 21.0 168.1 17.9 18.0 1.1 15.7 52.6 18.5 9.0 22.1 2.7 23.7 26.8 65.1 21.7 5.1 19.4 † † 17.0 6.1 19.8 1.4 3.5 261.7 2176.2 1225.7 950.5 396.3 471.3

573.9 79.4 37.5 690.7 28.0 10.7 6.6 5.5 0.3 0.3 10.5 26.6 2.1 90.6 7.7 6.8 14.1 13.8 2.7 8.0 4.6 3.7 37.7 74.6 1.8 10.7 3.6 58.5 9.2 2.5 36.0 3.4 10.4 2.3 14.9 329.6 6.2 16.4 0.6 2.5 14.4 11.2 61.9 86.7 44.6 13.0 914.5 63.1 † 9.5 9.9 48.3 34.1 21.3 186.1 18.5 22.1 1.1 15.9 57.4 19.4 9.7 24.7 2.7 23.8 27.9 66.8 22.7 5.3 20.4 0.1 0.8 18.7 6.6 22.3 1.8 3.4 277.2 2216.6 1213.2 1003.4 406.6 487.4

593.7 81.2 40.8 715.6 27.2 12.7 6.6 5.5 0.2 0.4 11.4 25.6 2.2 91.9 7.7 6.8 14.5 14.1 2.4 7.8 4.6 3.6 36.5 74.3 1.9 10.6 3.7 58.1 13.3 2.6 35.8 3.6 10.1 2.8 15.5 330.9 5.8 18.8 0.7 2.5 15.6 11.6 60.9 85.6 45.8 12.2 920.9 71.3 † 8.5 10.0 51.0 32.8 22.2 195.8 18.2 23.9 0.9 16.2 59.2 19.8 10.3 26.3 2.6 24.8 29.6 65.4 23.6 5.1 22.1 1.6 3.2 20.8 7.4 24.2 2.2 3.3 292.2 2275.6 1239.2 1036.3 406.0 493.0

575.3 87.9 45.1 708.4 31.1 14.2 7.2 5.4 0.2 0.5 13.0 22.7 2.8 97.1 8.5 7.0 14.3 15.0 2.5 7.8 4.7 4.0 38.7 77.0 2.2 11.9 3.7 64.1 15.9 2.8 36.0 3.9 11.3 2.7 16.5 346.4 5.7 21.3 0.7 2.6 18.8 12.8 62.1 85.8 41.2 12.7 960.4 74.6 † 9.9 11.0 54.1 34.1 22.5 206.1 19.3 26.7 0.9 18.4 65.3 19.8 11.1 30.5 1.7 26.6 31.5 71.8 24.6 3.9 27.4 2.4 3.6 21.8 7.6 25.7 2.1 3.8 315.8 2353.1 1260.8 1092.3 425.8 509.3

577.3 85.6 48.1 710.9 34.1 16.9 7.8 5.7 0.3 0.8 12.0 25.6 2.6 105.8 8.5 7.5 16.1 15.2 2.5 8.2 4.7 3.9 40.5 77.3 2.4 11.7 3.7 66.5 22.5 2.8 36.8 4.1 11.9 3.4 15.7 354.7 5.5 24.7 0.7 2.7 19.9 13.5 61.7 87.7 39.1 14.1 990.1 77.9 1.1 10.7 13.5 59.1 36.2 23.9 222.4 19.8 28.5 1.9 21.4 71.7 21.0 11.9 35.7 2.4 28.7 29.0 69.3 22.2 3.5 31.0 2.2 4.5 25.5 9.2 26.9 3.7 4.1 330.9 2431.8 1280.8 1151.0 437.4 525.5

568.5 88.0 48.5 705.0 36.4 17.7 7.5 6.0 0.3 1.4 13.6 24.7 2.9 110.6 9.0 7.7 16.5 15.4 2.8 8.6 4.5 3.6 39.6 77.6 2.4 12.1 3.5 71.2 24.1 2.9 35.4 4.0 12.2 3.8 15.8 360.2 5.9 29.1 0.7 2.8 24.2 14.5 62.1 85.5 38.4 14.3 1010.5 94.5 1.5 11.0 16.8 64.1 37.8 25.5 251.3 20.9 28.4 2.8 22.5 74.7 19.8 13.1 42.1 2.4 32.1 29.9 70.7 28.3 3.2 32.0 3.0 6.2 27.3 9.3 29.3 5.8 4.7 359.0 2511.2 1287.8 1223.3 444.8 534.9

560.0 87.3 54.8 702.1 37.6 18.7 7.0 6.3 0.7 1.6 18.2 28.3 3.5 121.9 8.5 8.2 17.1 15.4 2.9 8.4 4.6 3.8 37.9 78.5 2.8 11.5 4.0 69.7 25.3 2.9 34.3 4.0 12.4 3.7 16.3 367.7 5.4 30.3 0.8 2.7 27.4 16.5 60.3 81.1 37.7 14.7 1016.5 97.8 2.1 11.3 17.6 66.2 39.0 28.3 262.3 21.4 32.9 3.1 22.0 79.3 22.8 13.8 50.5 2.6 33.5 29.9 75.4 30.4 3.3 32.5 2.4 6.3 28.8 10.0 30.0 6.3 4.9 383.4 2565.6 1290.2 1275.4 438.2 544.2

597.3 85.7 56.5 739.5 39.5 19.0 4.1 6.7 0.5 2.4 18.2 26.6 4.0 121.2 8.0 7.2 17.0 15.3 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.5 38.2 74.6 3.4 10.7 4.3 70.0 23.8 3.3 33.3 3.8 12.4 3.9 14.5 379.9 5.1 31.6 0.9 2.6 32.5 19.1 56.9 81.9 41.3 15.3 1029.1 101.7 2.5 10.9 17.4 67.0 44.3 29.1 272.8 21.9 34.5 3.1 25.4 85.0 24.9 14.6 63.5 2.5 36.1 28.2 81.2 30.1 3.6 33.1 2.8 7.8 31.2 10.6 31.8 6.4 5.4 413.7 2661.3 1336.9 1324.3 433.0 557.1

600.6 86.0 59.8 746.4 40.0 22.2 2.4 6.8 0.4 3.1 19.7 28.3 4.3 127.2 8.6 8.2 17.3 15.5 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.6 39.4 73.1 3.6 10.6 4.5 70.0 24.5 2.9 34.7 3.9 12.5 4.2 14.3 374.4 5.2 34.8 0.8 2.8 33.8 18.5 54.0 84.5 43.8 14.5 1033.4 107.4 3.7 11.5 17.4 72.4 53.5 32.8 298.7 22.8 36.8 3.4 27.2 90.1 25.9 16.1 73.2 2.9 37.2 30.0 84.4 30.4 3.4 33.8 3.0 7.4 32.1 10.5 33.6 6.7 5.1 435.6 2731.4 1358.0 1373.4 440.7 551.8

2009

588.3 85.0 59.9 733.1 38.8 17.8 2.8 7.8 0.4 3.1 18.8 27.5 4.5 121.6 8.4 7.0 14.5 15.7 2.1 7.4 4.0 3.2 38.0 70.2 3.0 9.1 4.3 64.4 22.1 2.5 35.0 3.7 12.0 4.2 11.9 350.7 4.4 31.1 1.0 2.7 32.1 17.9 42.3 78.0 39.2 12.3 954.5 118.2 4.1 10.9 18.0 70.6 53.2 34.7 309.7 24.5 38.3 3.0 23.2 89.0 27.7 17.8 80.6 2.8 45.9 33.6 78.7 30.3 3.5 34.6 3.0 7.3 30.5 10.2 35.3 7.2 4.6 453.5 2661.4 1313.9 1347.5 412.6 503.0

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

621.0 84.5 62.0 767.4 39.0 23.8 4.2 8.2 0.4 4.9 19.8 27.6 5.0 132.9 9.1 5.9 17.7 17.4 2.3 8.4 4.5 3.5 42.2 73.2 3.3 9.8 4.8 68.5 22.7 2.8 39.2 3.7 12.9 4.5 12.0 372.7 5.1 31.0 1.4 3.0 35.1 20.4 46.9 84.5 41.0 14.1 1023.5 123.2 4.8 12.9 18.4 75.5 54.5 39.6 329.0 26.0 40.6 3.4 24.4 94.5 27.3 18.0 98.1 3.4 55.7 36.3 85.1 32.2 3.7 35.5 2.8 7.6 38.6 12.7 40.6 8.4 4.8 510.8 2858.1 1397.6 1460.5 443.3 537.1

2010 share of total

5.6% 21.7% -0.6% 3.0% 3.4% 2.2% 4.7% 26.9% 0.4% 1.4% 33.8% 0.8% 51.0% 0.1% 4.3% 0.3% ◆ -6.0% 56.0% 0.2% 5.5% 0.7% 0.6% 1.0% 9.9% 0.2% 9.3% 4.7% 8.6% 0.3% -15.9% 0.2% 22.3% 0.6% 10.9% 0.6% 10.1% 0.1% 13.7% 0.3% 12.2% 0.2% 9.9% 0.1% 11.1% 1.5% 4.2% 2.6% 8.2% 0.1% 7.7% 0.3% 10.8% 0.2% 6.4% 2.4% 2.9% 0.8% 14.3% 0.1% 12.1% 1.4% -0.5% 0.1% 7.1% 0.5% 6.7% 0.2% 0.6% 0.4% 6.3% 13.0% 14.5% 0.2% -0.3% 1.1% 38.9% 0.1% 10.5% 0.1% 9.2% 1.2% 13.5% 0.7% 11.0% 1.6% 8.3% 3.0% 4.6% 1.4% 14.9% 0.5% 7.2% 35.8% 4.2% 4.3% 17.5% 0.2% 18.8% 0.5% 2.0% 0.6% 7.0% 2.6% 2.5% 1.9% 14.1% 1.4% 6.2% 11.5% 6.0% 0.9% 6.0% 1.4% 13.8% 0.1% 5.5% 0.9% 6.1% 3.3% -1.2% 1.0% 1.3% 0.6% 21.8% 3.4% 24.3% 0.1% 21.5% 1.9% 7.8% 1.3% 8.1% 3.0% 6.2% 1.1% 4.2% 0.1% 2.7% 1.2% -5.8% 0.1% 4.2% 0.3% 26.5% 1.4% 24.3% 0.4% 15.0% 1.4% 16.7% 0.3% 3.6% 0.2% 12.6% 17.9% 7.4% 100.0% 6.4% 48.9% 8.4% 51.1% 7.4% 15.5% 6.8% 18.8%

† Less than 0.05. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.

25


Production by region

Consumption by region

Billion cubic metres

Billion cubic metres

3500

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

85

90

95

00

05

10

3500

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

0

85

90

95

00

05

World natural gas production increased by 7.3%, the largest increase since 1984. Growth was above average in all regions; Russia recorded the largest production increment. Natural gas consumption increased by 7.4%, with above-average growth in all regions but the Middle East. The US recorded the world’s largest gas consumption increment.

Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 > 2.0

26

10

0


Prices $/Mmbtu

US Henry Hub Average German Import Price cif UK NBP Japan LNG cif

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

03

02

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

0

Prices US dollars per million Btu

1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

LNG Japan cif

Average German Import Price*

5.10 5.23 4.10 3.35 3.34 3.28 3.64 3.99 3.62 3.52 3.18 3.46 3.66 3.91 3.05 3.14 4.72 4.64 4.27 4.77 5.18 6.05 7.14 7.73 12.55 9.06 10.91

4.00 4.25 3.93 2.55 2.22 2.00 2.78 3.19 2.69 2.50 2.35 2.39 2.46 2.64 2.32 1.88 2.89 3.66 3.23 4.06 4.32 5.88 7.85 8.03 11.56 8.52 8.01

Natural gas UK (Heren NBP Index)†

US Henry Hub‡

Canada (Alberta)‡

Crude oil OECD countries cif

– – – – – 1.70 1.64 1.49 1.77 2.12 1.92 1.69 2.76 2.53 2.08 2.27 4.23 4.07 3.33 5.63 5.85 8.79 6.76 6.95 8.85 3.89 4.39

– – – – – – 1.05 0.89 0.98 1.69 1.45 0.89 1.12 1.36 1.42 2.00 3.75 3.61 2.57 4.83 5.03 7.25 5.83 6.17 7.99 3.38 3.69

5.00 4.75 2.57 3.09 2.56 3.01 3.82 3.33 3.19 2.82 2.70 2.96 3.54 3.29 2.16 2.98 4.83 4.08 4.17 4.89 6.27 8.74 10.66 11.95 16.76 10.41 13.47

– – – – – – – – – – – – 1.87 1.96 1.86 1.58 2.71 3.17 2.37 3.33 4.46 7.38 7.87 6.01 10.79 4.85 6.56

*Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2010 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA). † Source: Heren Energy Ltd. ‡ S ource: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week. Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

27


Natural gas: trade movements 2010

Numbers in blue refer to liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade Numbers in black refer to pipeline trade Numbers in red refer to both pipeline and LNG trade

Fold out to see full table

28


Natural gas: trade movements 2010 My an ma r Pip eli ne im po rts LN G im p or To ts ta im l po rts

Ea st Tim or

– – –

2.07 – 0.16

– – –

– – –

– – –

1.18 – 2.23

– – –

– – –

1.29 0.25 1.02

– – –

1.10 – 0.18

– – –

– – –

– – –

– – –

– – 1.87

– – –

– – –

93.25 20.91 9.43

12.23 2.00 5.72

105.48 22.91 15.15

– 0.09 – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – 0.34 – – 0.08 –

1.83 9.82 – – – – –

– – – – – – 2.18

1.63 0.85 0.52 0.82 0.77 – –

– 0.16 – – – – –

– 0.08 – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – 0.17 – – – –

– – 0.55 – – – –

– 0.08 1.50 – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– 0.89 – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

0.15 0.59 0.25 – – – –

– 0.04 – – – – –

– – 0.08 – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

– – – – – – –

1.83 9.82 0.34 – – 0.08 2.18

1.78 2.78 3.07 0.82 0.77 – –

3.61 12.60 3.41 0.82 0.77 0.08 2.18

– – – – 0.05 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.12 – – – – – 0.18

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – 0.08 – – – – – – – 0.35 – – 0.08 – – 0.32 – – – – – – – – – 0.18 – – – – – 3.32 – – – 0.26 – 1.63

– – – – 0.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.63 – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – 1.20 – – – – – – – – – – 0.62 – – – – – – – – – – 0.08 – – – 0.08 – 1.26

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.14 – – – – – – – – – – – 0.76 – – – – – – – – 1.64 – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.70 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.23 – 0.60 – – – –

0.44 – – – 0.81 – – – – 0.15 – – 3.98 – – – 0.30 – 2.50 – – – – 0.75 – – 2.61 1.07 – – – – – – – – 2.15 – – – –

– – – – – – – 0.14 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – 5.55 – – – – – – – 6.85 – 24.20 – – – 8.11 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.55 – – – 8.07

1.08 – – – 6.91 – – – 3.10 – – – 14.15 – 30.20 – – – 5.75 – – – – – – – 8.11 – 0.05 – – – – – 3.30 – 0.05 – 0.26 – 26.57

– – – – – – – – – – – – 0.63 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.52 – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.66 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – 4.95 – – – – – – – 0.60 – 2.85 – – 5.29 0.50 – – – – – – – 1.46 – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.03 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.72 – – – – – – – 4.35 – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.95 – – – – – – – – – –

5.25 1.29 – 19.52 – 0.21 2.16 1.03 8.44 – 0.36 4.50 8.05 0.21 34.43 2.05 6.47 – 14.20 0.74 – 0.66 2.63 – 0.08 1.08 4.03 9.08 – 2.15 – 1.91 5.47 0.50 – – 0.28 – 16.64 33.03 –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.68 – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.90 0.19 – – – – – – – – – 10.32 – – – – – – 0.16 – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – 6.27 – – 0.98 – – 27.56 – – – – – – – – – 1.43 – – – – 0.38 12.05 – – – 3.87 – 1.25

– – – – 0.17 – – – – – – – 0.73 – – 0.08 – – 0.72 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.62 – – – 0.27 – 0.12

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.03 – – 0.09 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.41 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.34 – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – 0.16 – – – – – – – 3.57 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.70 – – – – – 7.82 – – – 1.26 – 0.40

– 0.40 0.25 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7.77 – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.17 – – – – – –

– – – – 5.80 – – – – – – – 2.43 – – – – – 6.18 – – – – – – – – – 0.08 – – – – – 5.54 – – – 1.92 – 13.89

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – 0.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.18 – – – – – 0.26

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

6.77 1.69 0.25 19.52 18.13 0.21 2.16 1.17 11.54 0.15 0.36 4.50 34.95 1.24 92.82 2.71 7.47 5.29 66.26 3.64 0.19 0.66 2.63 1.37 0.08 1.08 16.97 10.15 1.95 2.15 32.67 1.91 5.47 0.88 8.86 1.64 3.63 0.16 28.76 33.03 34.96

– – – – 6.43 – – – – – – – 13.94 – – 1.17 – – 9.08 – – – – – – – – – 3.01 – – – – – 27.54 – – – 7.92 – 18.67

6.77 1.69 0.25 19.52 24.56 0.21 2.16 1.17 11.54 0.15 0.36 4.50 48.89 1.24 92.82 3.88 7.47 5.29 75.34 3.64 0.19 0.66 2.63 1.37 0.08 1.08 16.97 10.15 4.96 2.15 32.67 1.91 5.47 0.88 36.40 1.64 3.63 0.16 36.68 33.03 53.63

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– 0.50 1.25 –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – 3.04

0.12 – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

0.12 0.50 1.25 3.04

– – – –

0.12 0.50 1.25 3.04

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.33 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.09 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

0.35 – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.09 – – – –

6.50 – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– 2.10 2.52 0.33 0.15 – 0.69 –

– – – 0.29 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.08 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.91 – – – –

– – – – – 1.90 – 17.41

– – – 0.25 – – – –

– – – 0.09 – – – –

– – – 0.09 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – 0.24 – – – –

– – – – – – – –

6.85 2.10 2.52 0.00 0.15 1.90 0.69 17.25

– – – 2.78 – – – 0.16

6.85 2.10 2.52 2.78 0.15 1.90 0.69 17.41

– – – – 0.85 – – 0.35 – – 30.34 1.64 31.98

– – – – – – – – – – 92.40 – 92.40

– – – – – – – – – – 0.85 – 0.85

– – – – – – – – – – 0.42 – 0.42

– – – – – – – – – – 11.65 – 11.65

– – – – – – – – – – 2.18 – 2.18

– 0.07 – 0.66 0.15 – – 0.88 0.51 – – 20.38 20.38

– 0.08 – – – – – 0.08 – – – 1.82 1.82

– 0.08 – – 0.08 – – 0.08 – – 3.08 0.57 3.65

– – – – – – – – – – 3.54 – 3.54

– – – – – – – – – – 1.53 – 1.53

– – – – – – – – – – 14.76 – 14.76

– – – – – – – – – – 0.14 – 0.14

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.16 – 0.07 – – 53.33 95.88 – 4.71 53.33 100.59

– – – – – – – – – – 1.15 – 1.15

– – – – – – – – – – 0.66 – 0.66

– – – – ��� – – – – – 15.65 – 15.65

– – – – – – – – – – 6.45 – 6.45

– – – 0.51 – – – – – 8.23 – – – – – 3.90 – 0.67 – – 11.95 186.45 – 13.40 11.95 199.85

– 3.55 – – – – – – – – 19.73 – 19.73

– – – – – – – – – – 13.56 – 13.56

– – – – 0.08 – – – – – 36.48 19.31 55.79

– 0.08 – 0.09 0.57 – – 0.98 0.17 – 5.46 9.71 15.17

– 0.08 – 0.17 0.72 – – 1.85 0.35 – – 5.16 5.16

– – – – – – – – – – 9.41 0.34 9.75

– – – – – – – – – – 3.04 – 3.04

– 0.17 – 0.33 0.84 – – 1.18 1.09 – 0.12 23.90 24.02

– – – – – – – – – – 8.42 – 8.42

– – – – 3.80 – – 6.11 0.50 – – 11.49 11.49

– 1.61 – 10.53 10.15 – – 10.16 3.75 – 19.15 75.75 94.90

– 0.08 – – 6.86 – – 0.25 0.42 – – 7.90 7.90

– 0.70 – 0.37 0.16 – – 2.27 – – – 5.48 5.48

– 5.21 – – 17.66 – – 1.33 1.06 – – 25.36 25.36

– – – – 7.78 – – 1.05 – – – 8.83 8.83

– – 3.83 – – – – – – – 3.83 – 3.83

5.82 – – – – – – – – – 5.82 – 5.82

– 2.45 – – 17.00 2.94 6.95 7.42 2.62 – 9.89 31.36 41.25

– 1.68 – – 18.55 – 1.45 6.39 3.68 – 1.45 30.54 31.99

0.0 pipeline

0.0 both LNG and pipeline

Ma lay sia

– – –

Ind on es ia

– – –

Ch ina

– – –

Bru ne i

– – –

Au str alia

– – –

Ye me n

Om an

Un i Emted A ira rab tes

Ira n

– – –

Qa tar

Lib ya

– – –

Eg yp t

– – –

Alg eri a

Eq u Gu ator ine ial a

Ka zak hs tan Ru ssi Fe an de rat ion Tur km en ist an Uz be kis tan

0.76 0.08 –

Tur ke y Un ite Kin d gd om

– – –

Sp ain

– – –

Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases. Includes re-exports from US and Belgium. 0.0 LNG

Az erb aija n

Ne the rla nd s No rw ay

– – –

Ita ly

– – –

Ge rm an y

– – –

Fra nc e

– – –

De nm ark

0.45 0.08 0.26

Be lgiu m

5.38 1.59 –

Pe ru

– – –

Co lom bia Tri nid & T ad ob ag o

– – –

Bo livi a

– – –

Arg en tin a

0.85 – –

Me xic o

92.40 – –

Ca na da

– 20.91 9.43

US

To North America US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Argentina Brazil Chile Dominican Republic Puerto Rico Uruguay Venezuela Europe & Eurasia Austria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg FYR of Macedonia Moldova Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Africa Ghana Morocco Tunisia South Africa Middle East Iran Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Syria United Arab Emirates Asia Pacific Australia China China Hong Kong SAR India Japan Malaysia Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Pipeline exports LNG exports Total exports

Mo zam biq ue Nig eri a

From

Billion cubic metres

5.82 – 5.82 – 3.55 12.80 16.35 – 3.83 – 3.83 – 0.00 12.15 12.15 – 0.00 93.48 93.48 – 2.94 – 2.94 – 8.40 – 8.40 – 0.00 44.44 44.44 – 0.00 14.90 14.90 – 8.81 – 8.81 8.81 8.81 677.59 – 297.63 8.81 677.59 297.63 975.22

Source: Cedigaz (provisional), GIIGNL (aggregated data) for all flows, except intra-CIS trade; CISStat.


Major trade movements Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

113.9 55.9 16.6

32.0 8.2

21.0 92.4

20.9

20.1

6.2 16.0

12.1

44.1

36.5

4.1

9.4

18.8

5.2

6.5 14.9

5.5

6.3

17.3 5.4

17.7

43.3

8.8

10.9

7.0

5.8

9.8

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific

Pipeline gas LNG

Natural gas trade Pipeline exports and imports

LNG exports and imports 500

Pipeline exports Pipeline imports

North America

Latin America

Europe & Eurasia

Africa

Middle East

Asia Pacific

500

LNG exports LNG imports

450

450

400

400

350

350

300

300

250

250

200

200

150

150

100

100

50

50

North America

0

Latin America

Europe & Eurasia

Africa

Middle East

Asia Pacific

0

Natural gas trade grew by 10.1% in 2010, driven by strong growth (+22.6%) in LNG shipments. LNG exports are dominated by the Middle East region; Qatar (the world’s largest LNG supplier) saw its exports grow by 53.2%. LNG now accounts for 30.5% of global gas trade. Pipeline shipments grew by 5.4%, led by growth in Russia. Europe and Eurasia accounts for roughly two-thirds of global pipeline gas trade.

29


Coal Proved reserves at end 2010 Million tonnes

Anthracite and bituminous

Sub- bituminous and lignite

US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Middle East Total Middle East & Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand North Korea Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

108501 3474 860 112835 – 6366 479 45 6890 2 192 99 – 13 21500 4338 10 49088 200 529 15351 228 1440 92990 30156 502 860 1203 32721 37100 62200 56100 1520 340 33 300 – – – 150 1582 159326 404762 155926 248836 5101 86725

128794 3108 351 132253 4559 380 – 679 5618 2364 908 40600 3020 1647 12100 1371 281 107922 330 1814 18522 – 20735 211614 – – 174 – 174 39300 52300 4500 4009 10 538 300 2070 126 1239 – 2125 106517 456176 222603 233573 51047 141309

ore than 500 years. * M

Total

Share of total

237295 6582 1211 245088 4559 6746 479 724 12508 2366 1100 40699 3020 1660 33600 5709 291 157010 530 2343 33873 228 22175 304604 30156 502 1034 1203 32895 76400 114500 60600 5529 350 571 600 2070 126 1239 150 3707 265843 860938 378529 482409 56148 228034

27.6% 0.8% 0.1% 28.5% 0.5% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 4.7% 0.4% 0.2% 3.9% 0.7%

0.1%

0.4% 30.9% 100.0% 44.0% 56.0% 6.5% 26.5%

18.2% 0.1% 0.3% 3.9% ◆ 2.6% 35.4% 3.5% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 3.8% 8.9% 13.3% 7.0% 0.6% ◆ 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%

R/P ratio

◆ ◆

241 97 130 231 * 91 120 * 148 82 22 223 44 183 303 43 9 495 73 27 462 13 317 257 119 301 * * 127 180 35 106 18 382 107 16 * 60 69 3 114 57 118 184 92 105 452

Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council 2010.

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.

Prices US dollars per tonne

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Northwest Europe marker price†

43.48 42.80 38.53 33.68 37.18 44.50 41.25 38.92 32.00 28.79 35.99 39.03 31.65 43.60 72.08 60.54 64.11 88.79 147.67 70.66 92.50

US Central Appalachian coal spot price index‡

31.59 29.01 28.53 29.85 31.72 27.01 29.86 29.76 31.00 31.29 29.90 50.15 33.20 38.52 64.90 70.12 62.96 51.16 118.79 68.08 71.63

Japan coking coal import cif price

60.54 60.45 57.82 55.26 51.77 54.47 56.68 55.51 50.76 42.83 39.69 41.33 42.01 41.57 60.96 89.33 93.46 88.24 179.03 167.82 158.95

† S ource: McCloskey Coal Information Service. Prices for 1990-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2010 the average of weekly prices. ‡ S ource: Platts. Prices are for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2010 by coal price assessment date. Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

30

Japan steam coal import cif price

50.81 50.30 48.45 45.71 43.66 47.58 49.54 45.53 40.51 35.74 34.58 37.96 36.90 34.74 51.34 62.91 63.04 69.86 122.81 110.11 105.19


Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

History

2010 by region 300

700

World North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific

250

600

500 200

400 150 300

100 200

50

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East & Africa

Asia Pacific

0

100

90

95

00

05

10

0

World proved reserves of coal in 2010 were sufficient to meet 118 years of global production – by far the largest R/P ratio of any fossil fuel, but well below the 2000 R/P ratio of 210 years. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest regional coal reserves and has the highest regional R/P ratio.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010 Percentage

Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific North America Middle East & Africa S. & Cent. America

3.8

6.3

6.4

22.8

2.2 35.8

1.4 41.4

2010 Total 860938 million tonnes

2000 Total 984211 million tonnes

1990 Total 981780 million tonnes

1.5 35.4

28.5 26.1 30.9 29.7

27.9

Source: Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council.

31


Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic France Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

570.1 36.1 5.4 611.6 2.9 24.9 5.8 0.4 33.9 4.4 25.0 2.3 56.5 8.2 2.9 38.5 71.3 6.4 116.0 8.0 13.9 42.0 19.0 14.0 428.6 0.8 126.6 2.8 1.2 130.6 166.5 762.5 132.2 47.4 1.7 2.2 1.4 1.9 5.1 6.5 19.6 1147.1 2352.5 994.2 1358.3 206.6 197.4

590.3 36.6 5.3 632.2 2.1 28.5 5.6 0.5 36.8 4.4 25.4 1.5 54.1 8.5 2.9 40.7 71.7 7.1 122.6 7.6 14.2 43.5 19.4 14.4 438.2 0.7 126.1 2.9 1.2 130.1 180.2 809.5 133.6 56.9 1.8 2.4 1.5 1.7 5.6 7.5 20.1 1220.8 2458.9 1027.6 1431.3 205.1 207.8

570.1 34.2 5.3 609.5 1.9 25.7 5.9 0.4 33.9 4.4 24.3 1.1 55.0 9.1 2.7 37.8 71.3 6.6 117.3 7.2 11.5 42.8 18.2 15.3 424.7 0.8 124.1 2.5 1.3 127.9 184.3 853.8 138.5 63.5 0.8 2.7 1.6 1.5 5.7 9.2 19.6 1281.0 2477.7 1003.5 1474.2 202.5 198.9

553.6 31.7 4.6 589.9 1.8 32.5 5.1 0.5 39.9 4.6 24.2 1.3 54.1 9.0 2.8 43.3 71.4 7.0 127.1 6.8 10.5 41.6 17.2 15.8 436.7 0.7 134.1 1.8 1.5 137.4 189.9 1013.4 144.4 70.3 0.7 3.2 1.5 1.5 5.3 10.8 20.6 1461.5 2666.1 987.3 1678.8 200.7 212.8

572.4 33.8 4.7 610.9 2.0 34.9 5.9 0.2 43.0 4.5 23.5 0.4 54.7 9.1 2.4 44.4 70.5 6.7 131.7 6.7 10.5 42.2 15.3 15.6 438.2 0.8 137.2 2.4 1.2 140.8 198.5 1174.1 155.7 81.4 0.7 3.2 1.5 1.4 5.6 14.7 22.4 1659.2 2893.0 1012.0 1881.0 195.8 219.4

580.2 33.5 5.2 618.8 2.4 38.4 5.3 0.3 46.3 4.1 23.5 0.2 53.2 9.0 2.0 44.2 68.7 6.6 139.2 6.4 12.8 41.0 12.5 14.7 438.1 0.8 137.7 2.2 1.1 141.0 205.8 1302.2 162.1 93.9 0.6 3.2 1.6 1.3 5.8 18.3 24.7 1819.4 3064.4 1021.0 2043.4 188.1 225.5

595.1 33.9 5.5 634.5 2.2 42.6 5.4 0.6 50.8 4.2 23.7 0.2 50.3 8.3 2.1 49.1 67.0 6.5 145.1 6.2 13.4 41.7 11.3 15.7 444.9 0.9 138.0 1.4 1.0 140.3 210.3 1406.4 170.2 119.2 0.7 3.5 1.7 1.3 5.3 21.8 25.1 1965.6 3237.1 1036.6 2200.5 181.5 237.0

587.7 36.0 6.0 629.7 2.3 45.4 5.6 0.3 53.6 4.7 23.3 0.2 51.5 8.6 2.0 50.0 62.3 6.7 148.0 6.0 15.8 39.9 10.3 16.7 446.1 1.0 139.6 1.3 0.9 141.8 217.2 1501.1 181.0 133.4 0.8 3.0 1.6 1.3 5.1 22.4 23.3 2090.2 3362.4 1036.6 2325.8 177.4 239.0

596.7 35.6 5.5 637.8 2.5 47.8 4.5 0.4 55.2 4.8 21.1 0.1 47.7 8.3 1.9 56.8 60.5 6.7 153.4 3.7 17.2 41.3 11.0 17.3 452.0 1.0 142.4 1.0 0.9 144.2 220.7 1557.1 195.6 147.8 0.7 3.0 1.8 1.2 5.0 23.0 24.3 2180.1 3470.3 1039.3 2431.1 167.7 252.9

540.9 32.5 5.1 578.5 1.9 47.3 2.7 0.5 52.4 4.6 19.5 † 44.4 8.4 1.9 51.5 56.4 6.4 142.1 3.5 17.4 38.4 10.9 16.9 422.1 1.0 141.2 1.1 0.8 143.1 228.8 1652.1 210.8 157.6 0.7 2.8 1.6 1.1 5.0 25.2 29.2 2314.8 3511.8 978.2 2533.7 157.7 233.2

mmercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. *Co † Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

32

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

552.2 34.9 4.5 591.6 2.1 48.3 2.9 0.5 53.8 4.8 19.4 †

43.7 8.8 1.9 56.2 55.5 5.8 148.8 3.3 17.4 38.1 11.0 16.1 430.9 1.0 143.0 1.1 0.8 144.9 235.4 1800.4 216.1 188.1 0.5 3.3 1.5 0.9 5.0 24.7 33.4 2509.4 3731.4 996.0 2735.5 156.0 244.4

2010 share of total

2.1% 14.8% 7.2% 0.9% -11.4% 0.1% 2.3% 15.9% 8.2% 0.1% 2.1% 1.3% 8.1% 0.1% ◆ -7.0% 2.6% 1.4% 5.8% 0.1% -0.7% 0.5% ◆ – -1.5% 1.2% 5.0% 0.2% 1.0% 0.1% 9.2% 1.5% -1.6% 1.5% -9.2% 0.2% 4.7% 4.0% -6.3% 0.1% ◆ 0.5% -0.8% 1.0% 1.6% 0.3% -4.3% 0.4% 2.1% 11.5% ◆ – 1.3% 3.8% ◆ – ◆ – 1.3% 3.9% 2.9% 6.3% 9.0% 48.3% 2.5% 5.8% 19.4% 5.0% ◆ -28.4% 16.8% 0.1% ◆ -5.2% ◆ -17.3% 0.5% 0.1% -2.0% 0.7% 14.5% 0.9% 8.4% 67.2% 6.3% 100.0% 1.8% 26.7% 8.0% 73.3% -1.1% 4.2% 4.8% 6.5%


Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

569.0 31.8 6.2 606.9 0.8 12.5 3.0 2.7 – 0.5 – † 0.6 20.1 2.8 – 0.1 7.6 6.3 21.0 4.0 3.5 13.9 84.9 9.2 3.2 1.8 13.0 23.2 0.1 8.6 0.7 57.6 4.5 7.0 105.2 4.0 21.6 1.9 0.1 25.5 – 38.8 36.7 1.0 17.4 525.2 1.1 6.2 – – – – – 7.3 0.5 1.4 74.6 6.5 82.9 46.7 0.3 737.1 3.7 144.2 13.7 98.9 1.9 1.1 2.0 4.3 – 43.0 28.7 7.8 4.7 18.9 1157.1 2399.7 1133.6 1266.1 314.9 169.1

552.2 34.0 6.8 593.0 0.6 12.2 2.3 2.7 – 0.4 – † 0.7 19.0 3.1 † 0.1 7.6 6.9 21.2 4.2 4.0 12.1 85.0 9.3 3.4 1.9 13.7 22.5 0.1 8.5 0.6 58.0 3.7 7.2 102.4 4.1 19.5 2.0 0.1 21.8 – 39.4 38.9 1.1 16.6 518.9 1.1 7.2 – – – – – 8.3 0.6 1.2 73.4 7.3 82.6 48.2 0.4 751.9 4.9 145.2 16.8 103.0 2.6 1.3 2.1 4.5 – 45.7 30.6 8.8 5.0 19.5 1190.7 2412.4 1124.9 1287.5 315.7 166.1

552.0 31.6 7.6 591.1 0.5 11.5 2.4 2.2 – 0.4 – † 1.0 18.0 3.0 † 0.1 6.7 6.5 20.6 4.2 4.4 12.4 84.6 9.8 3.1 1.8 14.2 22.8 0.1 8.9 0.5 56.7 4.1 7.6 103.0 4.0 21.9 2.2 0.1 21.2 – 38.3 35.7 1.0 18.8 518.5 1.1 7.6 – – – – – 8.7 0.9 1.3 75.9 7.2 85.4 51.0 0.4 794.9 5.4 151.8 18.0 106.6 3.6 1.3 2.4 4.7 – 49.1 32.7 9.2 5.3 18.6 1254.9 2476.7 1130.7 1345.9 314.0 166.0

562.5 33.4 8.6 604.5 0.7 11.8 2.3 2.4 – 0.4 – † 2.1 19.6 3.3 † 0.1 6.5 7.1 20.8 5.7 5.8 13.3 87.2 9.4 3.4 1.7 15.3 25.2 0.2 9.1 0.5 57.7 3.8 7.8 104.0 4.2 20.5 2.2 0.1 21.8 – 39.0 38.1 1.0 19.7 534.3 1.1 7.9 – – – – – 9.0 0.8 1.4 81.4 6.4 90.0 49.8 0.4 936.3 6.6 156.8 24.2 112.2 4.2 1.9 2.9 4.7 – 51.1 35.1 9.4 5.5 18.9 1419.9 2677.3 1161.4 1515.9 324.3 170.3

566.1 29.9 7.0 603.0 0.8 12.8 2.6 2.0 – 0.5 – – 1.9 20.5 3.3 † 0.1 6.4 6.9 20.5 4.6 5.3 12.8 85.4 9.0 3.1 1.8 17.1 26.5 0.2 9.1 0.6 57.3 3.7 7.4 99.5 4.1 21.0 2.3 0.1 23.0 – 39.1 36.6 1.2 20.2 528.1 1.0 8.0 – – – – – 9.0 0.8 1.3 85.4 7.1 94.7 52.7 0.4 1084.3 6.6 172.3 22.2 120.8 5.7 2.0 3.8 5.0 – 53.1 36.6 10.4 8.2 19.2 1603.1 2858.4 1170.5 1687.9 319.1 167.6

574.2 31.7 9.1 614.9 0.9 12.7 2.6 2.7 – 0.5 – † 1.8 21.2 3.1 † 0.1 6.1 6.9 19.8 3.7 3.1 13.3 82.1 8.8 2.7 1.8 17.0 27.2 0.2 8.7 0.5 55.7 3.8 7.6 94.2 3.9 21.2 2.2 0.1 26.1 – 37.5 37.4 1.1 18.0 513.9 1.2 7.9 – – – – – 9.1 0.6 1.3 82.9 7.3 92.1 53.6 0.4 1218.7 6.7 184.4 25.4 121.3 6.3 2.2 4.1 5.7 – 54.8 38.1 11.2 8.0 20.7 1761.6 3012.9 1179.7 1833.2 310.4 161.1

565.7 31.0 9.4 606.1 0.3 12.5 3.2 2.4 – 0.4 – † 2.1 21.0 3.1 † 0.1 6.1 7.1 19.4 5.6 5.2 12.1 83.5 8.1 2.9 1.6 17.2 28.1 0.2 8.5 0.4 58.0 3.8 8.5 96.7 3.8 18.5 2.3 0.1 28.8 – 39.8 40.9 1.1 15.8 527.2 1.2 7.8 – – – – – 9.1 0.7 1.2 84.0 6.7 92.6 55.6 0.5 1343.9 7.0 195.4 30.1 119.1 7.3 2.2 4.2 5.5 – 54.8 39.6 12.4 9.5 21.4 1908.6 3164.5 1179.8 1984.7 317.7 166.8

573.3 32.3 9.1 614.7 0.4 13.4 3.8 2.4 – 0.5 – † 2.1 22.6 2.9 † † 5.5 7.8 19.3 4.7 4.6 12.3 85.7 8.5 2.9 1.5 17.2 30.8 0.2 9.0 0.4 57.9 3.3 7.4 93.5 3.8 20.2 2.2 0.1 31.0 – 39.7 38.4 1.4 16.0 528.3 1.3 8.0 – – – – – 9.3 0.7 1.2 85.1 6.0 93.1 54.2 0.4 1438.4 7.5 210.3 37.8 125.3 7.1 1.6 5.1 5.9 – 59.7 41.8 14.1 10.1 18.0 2037.5 3305.6 1200.2 2105.4 316.7 166.4

564.1 28.9 6.9 599.9 1.1 13.5 4.1 2.8 – 0.5 – † 2.2 24.2 2.7 † † 4.8 7.5 17.4 4.1 3.4 11.9 80.1 8.1 2.8 1.4 16.7 34.0 0.2 8.5 0.5 56.0 3.2 7.4 100.4 3.7 15.6 2.0 0.1 31.3 – 40.3 35.6 1.4 16.8 517.8 0.9 7.9 – – – – – 8.7 0.6 1.2 84.7 6.2 92.7 51.8 0.6 1479.3 7.0 230.4 30.1 128.7 5.0 2.0 5.3 7.0 – 66.1 40.2 15.3 10.0 19.7 2098.4 3341.7 1171.5 2170.2 294.4 177.2

496.2 23.3 8.6 528.1 1.2 11.7 3.7 3.7 – 0.5 – † 2.0 22.9 2.2 † † 4.6 6.3 16.2 4.0 3.7 9.9 71.7 8.1 2.5 1.3 13.1 31.7 0.1 7.9 0.3 51.9 3.3 6.6 91.9 3.5 10.5 1.6 0.1 32.0 – 35.0 29.6 1.4 15.2 466.4 1.1 7.7 – – – – – 8.8 0.2 0.6 87.7 5.5 94.1 51.7 0.4 1556.8 7.6 250.6 34.6 108.8 4.0 1.6 4.7 6.7 – 68.6 38.7 14.5 14.0 22.1 2185.3 3305.6 1049.5 2256.1 259.9 161.1

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

524.6 23.4 8.4 556.3 1.2 12.4 3.7 3.8 – 0.5 – † 2.1 23.8 2.0 † † 4.9 6.6 16.0 3.8 4.6 12.1 76.5 8.5 2.6 1.4 13.7 36.1 0.2 7.9 0.5 54.0 3.4 6.2 93.8 2.7 8.3 2.0 0.1 34.4 – 36.4 31.2 1.3 15.7 486.8 1.1 7.7 – – – – – 8.8 0.3 0.7 88.7 5.7 95.3 43.4 0.5 1713.5 6.3 277.6 39.4 123.7 3.4 1.0 4.6 7.7 – 76.0 40.3 14.8 13.7 18.9 2384.7 3555.8 1103.6 2452.2 269.7 169.1

2010 share of total

5.7% 14.8% 0.4% 0.7% -2.4% 0.2% 5.3% 15.6% ◆ – 6.0% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 2.1% 0.1% – – ◆ 6.3% – – ◆ -1.9% 1.9% 0.1% 3.9% 0.7% -10.5% 0.1% ◆ -7.8% ◆ -23.0% 6.2% 0.1% 4.8% 0.2% -1.3% 0.5% -4.9% 0.1% 24.9% 0.1% 23.2% 0.3% 6.7% 2.2% 4.6% 0.2% 6.0% 0.1% ◆ 3.8% 5.0% 0.4% 13.8% 1.0% ◆ 19.6% -0.1% 0.2% ◆ 32.0% 3.9% 1.5% 3.4% 0.1% -6.6% 0.2% 2.1% 2.6% -24.3% 0.1% -21.3% 0.2% 23.6% 0.1% ◆ 5.7% 7.4% 1.0% – – 4.2% 1.0% 5.2% 0.9% ◆ -3.3% 3.1% 0.4% 4.4% 13.7% ◆ 1.0% ◆ 0.2% – – – – – – – – – – 0.1% 0.2% ◆ 6.1% ◆ 5.1% 1.1% 2.5% 3.8% 0.2% 1.3% 2.7% -16.1% 1.2% ◆ 6.0% 10.1% 48.2% -16.3% 0.2% 10.8% 7.8% 13.7% 1.1% 13.7% 3.5% -16.1% 0.1% ◆ -37.3% -2.3% 0.1% 15.8% 0.2% – – 10.8% 2.1% 4.0% 1.1% 2.6% 0.4% -2.0% 0.4% -14.5% 0.5% 9.1% 67.1% 7.6% 100.0% 5.2% 31.0% 8.7% 69.0% 3.8% 7.6% 5.0% 4.8%

* Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. † Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%.

33


Production by region

Consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

4000

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

85

90

3500

95

00

05

4000

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

10

0

85

90

95

00

05

10

World coal production grew by 6.3% in 2010, above the historical average. The Asia Pacific region accounted for 88.6% of global growth, led by a 9% increase in China – the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal. Global coal consumption grew by 7.6% in 2010, with Asia Pacific countries accounting for 79.7% of the increase. Consumption growth was above average in all regions except the Middle East and Africa.

Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.25 0.25-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 > 1.5

34

0


Nuclear energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

179.6 16.4 1.9 197.8 1.4 1.4 – – – – – – – 2.8 – – – 10.9 4.1 3.1 – 5.1 94.0 38.4 – 3.2 – – – 1.9 0.9 – – – 1.2 29.5 3.7 14.1 13.0 6.0 – – 17.5 19.3 – 1.5 267.4 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 3.8 – 3.6 – 72.3 – – 0.2 – – 24.7 8.7 – – – 113.3 584.3 507.4 76.9 213.9 49.4

183.1 17.2 2.0 202.3 1.6 3.2 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.5 4.4 3.3 – 5.2 95.3 38.8 – 3.2 – – – 2.6 0.9 – – – 1.2 31.0 3.9 14.4 16.3 6.0 – – 17.2 20.4 – 1.6 276.3 – – – – – – – – – – 2.6 – 2.6 – – 4.0 – 4.3 – 72.7 – – 0.5 – – 25.4 8.0 – – – 114.8 600.7 519.7 81.0 221.6 51.2

185.8 17.0 2.2 205.0 1.3 3.1 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.7 4.6 4.2 – 5.4 98.8 37.3 – 3.2 – – – 3.2 0.9 – – – 1.2 32.1 4.1 14.3 15.4 6.1 – – 17.7 19.9 – 1.8 280.8 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 5.7 – 4.4 – 71.3 – – 0.4 – – 27.0 8.9 – – – 117.7 610.8 524.8 86.0 224.5 53.4

181.9 16.8 2.4 201.1 1.7 3.0 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 4.5 5.9 – 5.5 99.8 37.4 – 2.5 – – – 3.5 0.9 – – – 1.1 33.6 4.0 14.0 15.3 6.2 – – 18.4 20.1 – 1.6 285.0 – – – – – – – – – – 3.0 – 3.0 – – 9.8 – 4.1 – 52.1 – – 0.4 – – 29.3 8.8 – – – 104.6 598.5 506.0 92.6 226.3 56.0

187.8 20.3 2.1 210.2 1.8 2.6 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.7 4.4 6.0 – 5.5 101.7 37.8 – 2.7 – – – 3.4 0.9 – – – 1.3 32.7 3.9 14.4 17.3 6.1 – – 19.7 18.1 – 1.8 288.2 – – – – – – – – – – 3.4 – 3.4 – – 11.4 – 3.8 – 64.7 – – 0.5 – – 29.6 8.9 – – – 119.0 625.2 530.7 94.6 229.2 56.4

186.3 20.7 2.4 209.4 1.6 2.2 – – – – – – – 3.8 – – – 10.8 4.2 5.6 – 5.5 102.4 36.9 – 3.1 – – – 2.3 0.9 – – – 1.3 33.4 4.0 13.0 16.4 5.2 – – 20.1 18.5 – 1.9 285.5 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 12.0 – 4.0 – 66.3 – – 0.6 – – 33.2 9.0 – – – 125.2 626.8 532.5 94.3 226.1 56.4

187.5 22.0 2.5 212.0 1.7 3.1 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.6 4.4 5.9 – 5.4 102.1 37.9 – 3.0 – – – 2.0 0.8 – – – 1.3 35.4 4.1 13.6 15.2 6.3 – – 20.4 17.1 – 1.9 287.2 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 12.4 – 4.0 – 69.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.7 9.0 – – – 128.7 635.4 537.7 97.6 224.5 58.4

192.1 21.0 2.4 215.4 1.6 2.8 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.9 3.3 5.9 – 5.6 99.7 31.8 – 3.3 – – – 2.2 1.0 – – – 1.7 36.2 3.5 12.5 15.2 6.3 – – 20.9 14.3 – 1.9 276.1 – – – – – – – – – – 2.8 – 2.8 – – 14.1 – 4.0 – 63.1 – – 0.6 – – 32.3 9.2 – – – 123.3 622.1 522.0 100.1 212.1 60.0

192.0 21.1 2.2 215.4 1.6 3.2 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.3 3.6 6.0 – 5.4 99.6 33.7 – 3.4 – – – 2.2 0.9 – – – 2.5 36.9 3.8 13.3 14.5 6.2 – – 20.3 11.9 – 2.0 276.7 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 15.5 – 3.4 – 57.0 – – 0.4 – – 34.2 9.2 – – – 119.7 619.2 517.0 102.2 212.6 60.0

190.3 20.2 2.4 212.9 1.8 2.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 3.4 6.2 – 5.4 92.8 30.5 – 3.5 – – – 2.5 1.0 – – – 2.7 37.0 3.2 11.9 11.9 6.2 – – 18.8 15.6 – 1.9 265.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 15.9 – 3.8 – 65.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.4 9.4 – – – 128.2 614.0 511.5 102.5 202.5 58.8

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

192.2 1.0% 30.7% 20.3 0.3% 3.2% 1.3 -44.0% 0.2% 213.8 0.4% 34.2% 1.6 -11.8% 0.3% 3.3 12.0% 0.5% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.9 2.9% 0.8% – – – – – – – – – 10.9 2.0% 1.7% 3.5 0.2% 0.6% 6.3 2.9% 1.0% – – – 5.2 -2.8% 0.8% 96.9 4.4% 15.5% 31.8 4.2% 5.1% – – – 3.6 2.1% 0.6% – – – – – – – – – – -100.0% – 0.9 -6.1% 0.1% – – – – – – – – – 2.6 -1.1% 0.4% 38.5 4.1% 6.2% 3.3 3.5% 0.5% 13.9 16.8% 2.2% 13.2 11.2% 2.1% 6.0 -3.5% 1.0% – – – – – – 20.2 7.5% 3.2% 14.1 -10.1% 2.2% – – – 1.8 -1.0% 0.3% 272.8 2.9% 43.6% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 -1.5% 0.5% – – – 3.1 -1.5% 0.5% – – – – – – 16.7 5.3% 2.7% – – – 5.2 37.3% 0.8% – – – 66.2 1.7% 10.6% – – – – – – 0.6 -2.0% 0.1% – – – – – – ◆ 33.4 5.3% 9.4 0.1% 1.5% – – – – – – – – – 131.6 2.7% 21.0% 626.2 2.0% 100.0% 520.9 1.8% 83.2% 105.3 2.7% 16.8% 207.5 2.5% 33.1% 59.3 0.8% 9.5%

*Ba sed on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. ◆ Less than 0.05%.

Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

35


Hydroelectricity Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

63.0 80.8 7.5 151.2 6.5 68.9 4.3 6.9 1.7 3.7 – 14.2 18.3 124.6 9.5 0.3 † 0.1 0.5 0.5 † 3.3 15.3 4.9 0.9 † 0.2 10.0 1.7 0.1 † 32.2 0.9 2.7 3.3 37.4 1.1 7.7 17.8 8.3 7.0 – 2.6 1.2 1.3 17.4 188.6 0.9 – – – – – 1.0 1.8 † 3.2 0.3 12.9 16.4 3.6 0.2 50.3 – 17.4 2.3 18.5 1.7 5.5 4.0 1.8 – 0.9 1.0 1.4 3.3 4.9 116.7 599.4 310.1 289.2 81.8 52.1

49.6 75.0 6.4 131.1 8.4 60.6 4.9 7.1 1.6 4.0 – 13.7 16.9 117.2 9.5 0.3 † 0.1 0.2 0.6 † 3.1 17.0 5.3 0.6 † 0.1 10.6 1.8 0.2 † 27.4 1.0 3.3 3.4 39.8 1.2 9.3 17.9 9.4 5.4 – 2.8 0.9 1.2 16.9 189.2 0.9 – – – – – 1.0 1.9 † 3.3 0.5 13.5 17.3 3.6 0.2 62.8 – 16.3 2.6 18.6 1.5 4.9 4.1 1.6 – 0.5 1.1 1.4 4.2 5.0 128.4 585.1 288.5 296.6 85.7 54.2

60.4 79.1 5.6 145.1 8.1 64.7 5.2 7.6 1.7 4.1 – 13.5 17.8 122.8 9.0 0.5 † 0.1 0.5 0.6 † 2.4 13.9 5.4 0.8 † 0.2 8.9 2.0 0.2 † 29.4 0.9 1.9 3.6 37.1 1.2 5.2 15.0 8.0 7.6 – 2.2 1.1 1.6 16.7 176.2 1.8 – – – – – 1.1 2.9 † 3.2 0.5 14.6 18.3 3.6 0.2 65.2 – 15.5 2.3 18.9 1.2 5.6 4.6 1.6 – 0.7 0.6 1.7 4.1 4.9 130.8 596.2 293.3 302.8 72.4 52.0

63.0 76.1 4.5 143.6 7.7 69.2 5.2 8.1 1.6 4.2 – 13.7 18.1 127.8 8.1 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.4 † 2.1 13.5 4.3 1.2 † 0.1 8.3 2.0 0.2 † 24.0 0.7 3.6 3.0 35.7 0.8 9.3 12.1 7.9 8.0 – 2.1 0.7 1.7 17.7 169.0 2.2 – – – – – 1.0 3.2 0.1 2.9 0.2 14.8 18.0 3.7 0.3 64.2 – 15.7 2.1 21.1 1.3 5.3 5.8 1.8 – 1.1 0.7 1.7 4.3 5.4 134.3 595.9 287.8 308.1 70.7 51.3

61.3 76.6 5.7 143.6 6.9 72.6 4.9 9.0 1.7 4.0 – 15.9 17.8 132.7 7.7 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.6 † 3.4 13.5 4.7 1.2 † 0.1 9.6 1.8 0.2 † 24.7 0.8 2.3 3.7 40.2 1.0 7.2 13.7 7.6 10.4 – 2.7 1.1 1.6 18.8 180.3 2.7 – – – – – 1.3 4.0 0.1 2.9 0.2 16.0 19.1 3.6 0.3 80.0 – 19.0 2.2 21.1 1.3 6.1 5.5 1.9 – 1.0 0.7 1.4 4.3 5.5 153.7 633.3 292.7 340.7 73.4 56.3

61.8 82.1 6.2 150.1 7.9 76.4 6.0 9.0 1.6 4.1 – 17.5 18.3 140.6 7.7 0.7 † 0.1 1.0 0.7 † 3.1 11.8 4.6 1.3 † 0.1 8.2 1.8 0.2 † 30.9 0.9 1.2 4.6 39.5 1.1 4.0 16.5 7.1 9.0 – 2.8 1.1 1.4 19.0 180.1 3.0 – – – – – 1.1 4.1 0.1 2.9 0.2 16.6 19.8 3.6 0.3 89.8 – 22.0 2.4 17.9 1.2 5.3 6.9 1.9 – 0.8 0.9 1.3 3.7 5.9 163.9 658.6 295.2 363.4 69.5 55.9

66.1 80.2 6.9 153.2 9.8 78.9 6.6 9.7 1.6 4.4 – 18.5 18.5 148.0 7.2 0.6 † 0.1 0.9 0.7 † 2.6 12.7 4.4 1.5 † 0.2 8.4 1.8 0.2 † 27.1 0.7 2.6 4.2 39.6 1.0 5.8 14.0 7.0 10.0 – 2.9 1.0 1.4 18.3 176.9 4.2 – – – – – 1.2 5.4 † 2.9 0.3 16.9 20.1 3.6 0.3 98.6 – 25.4 2.2 20.4 1.6 5.3 6.8 2.2 – 0.8 0.9 1.8 4.5 6.3 180.8 684.4 299.4 385.0 69.6 55.6

56.6 83.6 6.1 146.3 8.5 84.6 5.2 9.5 2.0 4.4 – 18.8 19.3 152.4 7.7 0.5 † 0.1 0.6 0.6 † 3.2 13.2 4.6 0.8 † 0.2 7.4 1.8 0.2 † 30.6 0.7 2.3 3.6 40.5 1.0 6.2 15.0 8.0 8.1 – 2.3 1.2 1.4 17.3 179.3 4.1 – – – – – 1.1 5.1 0.1 3.5 0.6 17.1 21.2 3.3 0.3 109.8 – 27.7 2.6 17.5 1.5 5.3 7.1 1.9 – 0.8 1.0 1.8 5.1 6.4 192.2 696.5 292.0 404.5 70.0 56.4

58.2 85.3 8.8 152.3 8.4 83.6 5.4 10.4 2.6 4.3 – 19.6 19.4 153.9 7.9 0.5 † 0.1 0.6 0.5 † 3.9 13.7 4.5 0.9 † 0.2 9.4 1.7 0.2 † 31.8 0.6 1.7 3.9 37.7 1.0 5.3 15.7 8.2 7.5 – 2.6 1.2 2.6 18.1 182.1 1.7 – – – – – 0.9 2.6 0.1 3.3 0.2 17.5 21.1 2.7 0.3 132.4 – 26.0 2.6 17.5 2.0 5.1 6.1 2.2 – 0.7 0.9 1.6 5.9 6.8 212.9 724.7 301.6 423.1 73.1 54.1

62.5 83.6 6.0 152.1 9.2 88.5 5.6 9.3 2.1 4.5 – 19.5 19.2 157.9 8.2 0.5 † 0.1 0.8 0.7 † 2.9 13.1 4.2 1.3 0.1 0.2 11.1 1.6 0.3 † 28.8 0.7 2.0 3.6 39.9 1.0 6.0 14.9 8.1 8.1 – 2.7 1.2 2.6 19.6 184.0 1.5 – – – – – 0.7 2.1 0.1 2.9 0.2 18.9 22.2 2.6 0.3 139.3 – 24.0 2.6 16.5 2.0 5.5 6.4 2.2 – 0.6 0.8 1.6 6.8 6.8 218.0 736.3 299.4 436.9 74.1 56.2

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

58.8 -6.0% 7.6% 82.9 -0.8% 10.7% 8.3 38.9% 1.1% 149.9 -1.4% 19.3% 9.2 -0.2% 1.2% 89.6 1.3% 11.6% 4.9 -13.0% 0.6% 9.1 -1.6% 1.2% 2.0 -6.4% 0.3% 4.4 -1.9% 0.6% – – – 17.4 -10.7% 2.2% 20.7 7.3% 2.7% 157.2 -0.4% 20.3% 7.8 -3.8% 1.0% 0.8 49.3% 0.1% ◆ † – ◆ 0.1 21.0% 1.3 59.4% 0.2% 0.8 14.0% 0.1% ◆ † 10.5% 3.2 10.6% 0.4% 14.3 9.7% 1.8% 4.3 2.8% 0.6% 1.7 29.0% 0.2% ◆ † -34.7% ◆ 0.1 -39.1% 11.2 0.7% 1.4% 1.5 -5.0% 0.2% ◆ 0.3 12.9% ◆ † 7.1% 26.7 -7.2% 3.4% 0.8 17.1% 0.1% 3.8 88.2% 0.5% 4.6 27.4% 0.6% 38.1 -4.4% 4.9% 1.3 22.3% 0.2% 9.6 60.9% 1.2% 15.1 1.5% 2.0% 8.2 0.9% 1.1% 11.7 44.3% 1.5% – – – 2.9 10.2% 0.4% 0.8 -32.4% 0.1% 2.5 -1.5% 0.3% 22.3 13.5% 2.9% 195.9 6.4% 25.3% 2.2 47.2% 0.3% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.9 26.2% 0.1% 3.0 40.5% 0.4% ◆ † -49.4% 3.2 10.0% 0.4% ◆ 0.3 17.7% 19.6 3.7% 2.5% 23.2 4.5% 3.0% 3.4 29.8% 0.4% ◆ 0.3 0.7% 163.1 17.1% 21.0% – – – 25.2 4.9% 3.2% 2.6 0.5% 0.3% 19.3 17.0% 2.5% 2.1 8.0% 0.3% 5.5 1.1% 0.7% 6.4 0.3% 0.8% 1.8 -20.3% 0.2% – – – 0.8 32.9% 0.1% 0.9 11.9% 0.1% 1.2 -24.8% 0.2% 6.3 -7.5% 0.8% 7.4 8.3% 0.9% 246.4 13.0% 31.8% 775.6 5.3% 100.0% 309.5 3.4% 39.9% 466.1 6.7% 60.1% 83.0 12.1% 10.7% 55.9 -0.5% 7.2%

ased on gross primary hydroelectric generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in *B

a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

36


Nuclear energy consumption by region

Hydroelectricity consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

700

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

800

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

600

700

600 500

500 400 400 300 300

200 200

100

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

100

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World nuclear power generation grew by 2% in 2010. Nearly two-thirds of the growth was in Europe and Eurasia, with France recording the world’s largest incremental growth. Global hydroelectric output rose by 5.3%, double the historical average; Asia Pacific countries accounted for 72.1% of global growth.

Other renewables consumption by region

Other renewables share of power generation by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Percentage

180

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

7

World Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

160

140

6

5 120

4

100

80

3

60 2 40 1 20

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

0

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

0

Renewable energy in power generation grew by 15.5% in 2010 and accounted for 1.3% of global primary energy consumption. Growth remains concentrated in the leading consuming centres: Europe and Eurasia, Asia Pacific, and North America. Renewable forms of energy account for 3.3% of global power generation, with the highest share (5.8%) in Europe and Eurasia.

37


Renewable energy Other renewables consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

17.7 1.9 1.4 21.1 0.2 2.5 0.2 0.1 – † † – 0.9 3.9 0.4 – – 0.2 † 0.1 1.3 2.0 0.7 2.8 0.1 † 0.1 1.6 – – 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 – † † 1.5 1.1 0.2 0.1 – † 1.2 – 0.3 14.8 – – – – – – † † – † 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 – 0.7 – 0.7 1.1 4.2 – 0.8 – 2.6 – 0.1 0.4 0.3 – † 11.2 51.2 41.4 9.8 14.1 †

16.8 2.0 1.4 20.2 0.2 2.8 0.5 0.1 – † † – 1.0 4.5 0.4 – – 0.2 – 0.1 1.3 1.9 0.7 3.6 0.2 † 0.1 1.9 – † 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 – † † 2.0 1.0 0.2 0.1 – † 1.4 – 0.3 16.8 – † – – – – † † – † 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 – 0.8 – 0.9 1.4 4.3 † 0.8 – 2.3 – 0.1 0.5 0.3 – † 11.7 53.6 43.0 10.6 16.1 †

18.7 2.2 1.3 22.2 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.1 – † † – 1.0 5.0 0.4 – – 0.3 – 0.1 1.6 2.0 0.8 5.0 0.2 † 0.1 2.2 – † 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.5 † † † 2.9 1.1 0.2 0.1 – † 1.6 – 0.4 20.5 – † – – – – † † – † 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 – 0.8 – 0.9 1.4 4.7 † 0.8 – 2.3 – 0.2 0.5 0.4 – † 12.4 60.4 49.1 11.3 19.7 0.1

18.8 2.2 1.6 22.6 0.3 3.5 0.3 0.1 – † † – 1.1 5.4 0.5 – – 0.3 – 0.1 1.8 2.1 0.9 6.2 0.3 † 0.1 2.6 – † 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.5 † 0.1 † 3.6 1.3 0.2 0.1 – † 1.8 – 0.4 24.0 – † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 – 0.9 – 1.0 1.4 5.1 † 0.7 – 2.1 – 0.1 0.6 0.6 – † 13.1 65.5 53.2 12.3 23.2 0.1

19.6 2.2 1.7 23.5 0.3 3.7 0.5 0.1 † † † – 1.1 5.7 0.7 – † 0.4 † 0.2 2.2 2.4 1.0 8.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.9 – † 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 † 0.1 † 4.4 2.0 0.2 0.1 – † 2.2 – 0.4 30.1 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 – 1.0 – 1.6 1.5 5.3 † 0.8 – 2.3 – 0.1 0.7 0.6 – † 14.6 74.5 60.7 13.8 29.2 0.1

20.6 2.4 1.8 24.9 0.3 4.2 0.4 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.1 6.2 0.9 – † 0.6 † 0.2 2.2 2.2 1.1 9.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 3.1 – † 1.6 0.2 0.4 0.8 † 0.1 † 5.6 2.1 0.3 0.1 – † 2.8 – 0.5 35.3 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 – 1.0 – 1.8 1.5 6.3 † 1.0 – 2.2 – 0.1 0.8 0.7 – † 16.0 83.1 68.4 14.6 34.3 0.2

22.7 2.5 1.7 27.0 0.3 4.3 0.3 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.2 6.4 1.2 – † 0.8 † 0.2 2.1 2.5 1.4 11.6 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.5 – † 1.7 0.3 0.5 1.1 † 0.1 † 6.2 2.3 0.3 0.1 – † 3.2 – 0.7 40.9 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.8 – 1.4 † 2.6 1.5 6.4 † 1.0 – 2.4 – 0.1 0.8 0.7 – † 17.8 92.6 76.3 16.3 39.5 0.2

24.7 2.6 1.9 29.3 0.3 5.0 0.6 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.3 7.6 1.4 – † 0.9 † 0.3 2.4 2.3 1.9 15.0 0.5 0.3 0.5 3.8 – † 1.6 0.3 0.7 1.4 † 0.1 0.1 7.4 2.7 0.3 0.2 – † 3.5 – 0.9 48.4 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 1.0 – 1.8 † 3.0 1.6 6.7 † 1.1 – 2.3 – 0.2 0.9 0.9 – † 19.7 105.7 87.1 18.6 46.7 0.2

29.5 2.8 1.8 34.1 0.4 5.5 0.7 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.6 8.5 1.4 – † 1.1 † 0.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 16.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 4.1 – † 2.8 0.3 1.0 1.8 † 0.1 0.1 9.1 3.0 0.3 0.3 – † 3.9 – 1.1 56.0 † † – – – – † † – 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.7 1.4 – 3.5 † 3.5 1.9 6.6 † 1.3 – 2.4 – 0.3 0.9 1.1 – † 22.9 122.3 100.1 22.2 54.0 0.3

33.6 3.3 1.8 38.7 0.4 6.2 0.7 0.2 † 0.1 † – 1.7 9.3 1.4 † † 1.3 0.1 0.5 2.3 2.0 2.8 16.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 4.6 – 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.4 2.3 † 0.1 0.1 10.9 3.4 0.3 0.5 – † 4.7 – 1.5 61.6 † † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.3 – 6.9 † 4.6 2.1 5.4 † 1.6 – 2.4 – 0.4 1.0 1.1 – † 26.7 137.4 109.5 27.9 59.3 0.3

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

39.1 3.3 1.7 44.2 0.4 7.9 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 † – 1.7 11.1 1.4 † † 1.5 0.2 0.6 2.5 2.2 3.4 18.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 5.6 – 0.1 2.2 0.3 1.9 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 12.4 4.3 0.3 1.0 – † 4.9 – 1.2 69.6 0.1 † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.3 0.1 0.7 1.1 1.5 – 12.1 † 5.0 2.1 5.1 † 1.8 – 2.3 – 0.5 1.0 1.1 – † 32.6 158.6 123.0 35.6 66.9 0.3

2010 share of total

16.3% 24.7% 0.7% 2.1% -2.6% 1.1% 14.1% 27.9% 7.7% 0.3% 26.6% 5.0% 11.0% 0.5% 1.2% 0.1% ◆ 8.8% 2.4% 0.1% ◆ 25.0% – – 4.2% 1.1% 19.8% 7.0% 1.3% 0.9% ◆ -76.2% ◆ – 14.7% 0.9% 204.4% 0.1% 16.9% 0.4% 11.5% 1.6% 9.5% 1.4% 21.4% 2.1% 10.0% 11.7% 2.5% 0.4% 13.3% 0.4% -4.0% 0.4% 22.3% 3.5% – – ◆ 35.4% -1.4% 1.4% -0.7% 0.2% 32.4% 1.2% 21.3% 1.7% ◆ 689.5% 0.1% 0.1% 8.3% 0.1% 13.6% 7.8% 26.7% 2.7% 3.1% 0.2% 88.1% 0.6% – – ◆ – 4.5% 3.1% – – -21.5% 0.8% 12.9% 43.9% ◆ 5.0% ◆ – – – – – – – ◆ 118.2% ◆ 17.0% ◆ 8.1% – – 38.0% 0.2% ◆ 2.7% 16.6% 0.4% 21.1% 0.7% 11.5% 0.9% – – 74.5% 7.6% ◆ – 9.2% 3.2% 0.1% 1.3% -4.5% 3.2% ◆ 28.7% 17.2% 1.2% – – -3.7% 1.4% – – 13.6% 0.3% 6.0% 0.6% ◆ 0.7% – – ◆ 7.6% 21.7% 20.5% 15.5% 100.0% 12.4% 77.5% 27.7% 22.5% 12.7% 42.1% 13.3% 0.2%

ased on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal * B equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. Note: Other renewables data expressed in terrawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

38


Biofuels production Thousand tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Jamaica Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands Poland Portugal Spain Sweden United Kindgom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Malaysia South Korea Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2991 105 3096 4 5212 – – 31 5248 18 – 315 215 70 – – – 70 – – 57 744 – 6 – – 82 – – – – 82 9176 3841 5336 744 –

3288 111 3399 9 5600 – – 30 5639 18 – 315 298 123 – – – 70 14 – 113 951 – 6 – 4 85 – – – – 89 10084 4350 5734 951 –

3987 113 4100 9 6149 – 54 69 6281 22 – 337 473 180 – – – 134 31 3 126 1305 – 6 – 146 91 – 1 – – 238 11930 5406 6523 1305 –

5226 113 5339 9 7068 – 74 78 7228 26 – 368 688 232 – 27 – 184 32 9 138 1704 – 6 – 396 94 – 2 – – 491 14767 7045 7723 1704 –

6357 113 6470 9 7135 – 56 93 7292 48 – 385 909 272 6 23 – 221 43 9 166 2081 – 6 4 492 99 – 4 3 – 603 16452 8549 7903 2073 11

7478 133 7612 9 7835 14 62 171 8091 70 1 439 1788 340 3 84 1 288 48 39 301 3401 – 6 20 622 114 – 9 52 18 833 19944 11013 8930 3378 22

9746 160 9906 29 8729 131 147 369 9405 105 21 798 2561 482 22 158 79 248 54 166 406 5103 – 6 54 858 134 48 39 80 109 1323 25743 15054 10688 5052 28

13456 461 13922 228 11323 141 138 472 12302 220 140 1121 3181 443 80 116 153 320 99 136 536 6546 – 6 70 1076 92 110 74 138 176 1736 34512 20494 14018 6469 49

19096 536 19637 632 14132 239 182 741 15927 263 278 2012 2727 617 77 279 136 356 118 196 1031 8091 – 10 110 1323 148 197 140 495 215 2628 46294 27728 18566 7944 129

21670 721 22399 1054 13962 326 196 457 15994 354 473 2312 2728 758 241 393 202 958 173 180 1825 10597 – 14 174 1399 82 250 217 618 353 3094 52098 32569 19528 9970 645

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2010 share of total

25351 17.0% 42.8% 996 38.1% 1.7% 26355 17.7% 44.5% 1687 60.0% 2.8% 15573 11.5% 26.3% 351 7.8% 0.6% 196 – 0.3% 457 – 0.8% 18264 14.2% 30.8% 383 8.3% 0.6% 454 -4.0% 0.8% 2312 – 3.9% 2930 7.4% 4.9% 670 -11.5% 1.1% 283 17.6% 0.5% 338 -14.0% 0.6% 275 36.3% 0.5% 1179 23.1% 2.0% 212 22.8% 0.4% 180 – 0.3% 2135 17.0% 3.6% 11354 7.1% 19.2% – – – ◆ 14 – 246 41.8% 0.4% 1399 – 2.4% 151 84.5% 0.3% 97 -61.2% 0.2% 287 31.9% 0.5% 647 4.6% 1.1% 448 26.7% 0.8% 3275 5.9% 5.5% 59261 13.8% 100.0% 37130 14.0% 62.7% 22131 13.3% 37.3% 10447 4.8% 17.6% 913 41.5% 1.5%

Source: Includes data from F.O. Licht; US Energy Information Administration.

Note: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption.

World biofuels production Million tonnes oil equivalent

60

Rest of World Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

00

02

04

06

08

10

Ethanol 2000 Ethanol 2010 Biodiesel 2000 Biodiesel 2010

30

40

20

20

10

0

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Rest of World

0

World biofuels production grew by 13.8% in 2010; biofuels accounted for 0.5% of global primary energy consumption. Growth was driven by North America (+17.7%) and South and Central America (+14.2%); these two regions accounted for three-quarters of global biofuels production. Ethanol accounts for nearly three-quarters of global biofuels production, and is dominant in North America and South and Central America; biodiesel is dominant in Europe and Eurasia.

39


Primary energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2313.7 302.3 141.2 2757.2 59.3 185.2 24.2 25.8 7.8 11.9 11.4 65.2 73.7 464.4 31.8 11.4 21.2 66.8 17.9 40.1 20.1 28.0 254.2 332.3 32.0 23.0 13.7 176.5 41.3 7.0 87.6 46.1 88.5 25.2 37.0 620.4 18.1 130.2 50.6 29.3 76.7 14.5 134.7 224.1 50.9 70.0 2821.4 121.2 19.7 20.0 10.7 117.9 48.4 78.3 416.2 26.8 49.8 101.2 94.4 272.1 106.7 12.7 1038.2 16.1 295.8 98.4 514.1 46.5 18.6 44.3 25.2 33.4 188.9 87.5 68.0 17.7 39.0 2651.2 9382.4 5435.4 3947.0 1720.4 922.3

2259.7 298.2 140.7 2698.5 58.6 182.9 24.8 25.3 7.8 11.7 11.9 69.2 75.7 467.8 33.5 11.1 21.5 64.5 18.5 41.6 20.0 28.3 258.4 338.8 32.1 24.1 14.7 177.5 42.1 8.1 90.6 41.2 88.9 25.4 37.3 631.4 18.6 134.0 54.4 31.3 71.6 14.9 134.7 226.7 54.0 71.4 2861.3 128.0 19.7 21.0 12.3 123.0 54.0 81.5 439.5 27.9 52.6 100.1 97.8 278.4 109.7 14.1 1072.5 19.4 297.4 104.0 512.9 48.6 18.5 45.5 25.1 37.2 193.5 90.9 70.9 19.9 39.9 2720.1 9465.6 5405.0 4060.6 1751.8 939.0

2295.5 303.1 140.3 2738.9 55.3 187.1 25.1 25.2 7.8 11.9 13.1 69.4 77.1 472.0 33.2 10.9 21.7 65.4 18.4 41.6 19.9 28.8 255.4 334.0 33.0 23.4 14.5 176.3 47.4 8.6 91.0 43.1 87.7 25.5 38.6 633.1 18.7 135.9 51.1 29.3 75.2 15.4 132.3 221.9 55.5 73.8 2860.7 141.8 20.1 21.0 13.0 127.6 53.5 83.0 460.0 28.9 53.6 103.4 100.8 286.7 112.8 14.8 1140.4 20.8 308.7 108.7 510.3 52.2 19.1 47.4 25.8 38.7 202.4 94.9 76.3 21.4 38.8 2833.5 9651.8 5445.0 4206.8 1738.9 945.7

2003

2004

2005

2006

Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

40

2008

2009

Change 2010 over 2010 2009

2302.3 2348.8 2351.2 2332.7 2372.7 2320.2 2204.1 2285.7 312.3 315.2 325.3 323.6 329.0 326.6 312.5 316.7 147.1 153.0 159.0 164.9 168.2 171.2 167.1 169.1 2761.8 2817.1 2835.4 2821.2 2870.0 2818.0 2683.7 2771.5 59.8 63.1 67.6 71.3 74.6 77.5 75.1 77.1 192.5 199.9 207.2 212.7 225.4 235.1 234.1 253.9 25.4 27.0 28.3 29.4 29.9 29.3 28.5 28.4 25.8 26.8 28.3 29.6 29.3 30.8 31.5 32.2 8.0 8.3 9.5 10.5 11.5 12.4 12.6 13.0 11.7 12.6 13.1 13.4 14.6 15.9 16.3 18.3 14.6 13.9 15.8 20.6 20.6 21.9 20.8 22.0 61.4 68.6 71.3 77.3 77.0 80.9 80.6 80.3 80.2 80.2 81.3 83.4 86.7 86.0 85.4 86.8 479.4 500.2 522.3 548.1 569.6 589.9 585.0 611.9 34.6 34.0 34.8 34.1 33.4 34.1 33.1 33.3 11.8 12.7 13.8 13.6 12.2 12.3 10.7 10.0 21.5 23.7 23.7 25.2 24.3 25.5 23.9 24.4 69.0 70.4 70.6 70.4 70.3 72.5 65.7 69.8 19.8 19.2 19.9 20.7 19.8 20.1 18.3 18.0 43.7 44.9 44.8 44.4 43.6 42.0 40.6 41.3 21.4 20.5 19.8 21.9 20.9 20.1 18.8 19.5 31.0 30.9 28.4 30.0 29.8 29.2 27.1 29.1 259.3 263.6 261.2 259.2 256.7 257.8 244.0 252.4 337.1 337.3 333.2 339.5 324.2 326.8 307.4 319.5 32.7 34.3 34.0 35.0 34.9 34.7 33.3 32.5 24.1 24.2 25.8 25.4 25.0 24.8 22.8 23.4 14.1 14.6 15.0 15.5 15.8 15.7 14.6 14.6 182.3 185.8 186.2 185.4 182.4 180.7 168.3 172.0 53.1 61.6 64.5 66.7 68.2 73.0 67.5 72.8 9.1 9.2 8.4 8.1 8.7 8.7 8.0 6.1 91.8 95.0 97.1 97.2 98.4 98.1 95.6 100.1 38.8 39.5 45.6 42.0 45.7 46.7 43.4 41.8 90.1 91.7 91.5 94.9 95.8 95.4 91.3 95.8 25.8 25.4 25.6 25.5 25.4 24.3 24.6 27.1 37.8 39.0 39.8 40.6 37.5 38.5 34.0 34.5 649.9 657.8 657.4 675.3 685.8 691.0 654.7 690.9 18.1 17.6 18.8 17.8 17.2 17.7 16.0 16.2 144.4 151.1 153.4 154.1 158.6 157.1 146.1 149.7 48.8 52.6 54.3 51.4 52.0 51.7 47.4 50.7 29.1 28.8 27.7 28.9 28.6 29.7 29.7 29.0 79.7 84.4 89.5 95.8 102.2 103.8 101.0 110.9 17.0 17.9 19.0 21.2 24.2 23.8 23.4 26.0 135.2 137.4 136.1 137.5 135.2 131.9 112.0 118.0 225.6 227.4 228.3 225.6 218.4 214.9 203.6 209.1 51.4 48.8 46.2 45.6 49.0 52.6 48.0 49.8 77.3 81.4 81.0 79.2 80.9 82.4 79.0 83.4 2925.4 2982.7 2995.4 3027.6 3025.6 3037.4 2853.8 2971.5 149.3 156.1 177.0 185.7 189.6 197.4 205.9 212.5 20.7 21.0 21.6 21.8 22.9 23.8 23.3 23.7 23.5 25.9 27.7 26.5 26.2 27.7 28.0 30.6 14.1 17.0 20.8 22.3 22.8 23.6 24.2 25.7 135.8 147.4 152.3 158.5 165.2 179.6 187.8 201.0 57.3 61.0 64.6 67.4 74.3 85.5 83.0 86.8 80.9 86.1 89.0 97.0 100.3 107.3 112.7 120.7 481.5 514.5 553.0 579.1 601.4 644.9 664.9 701.1 30.2 31.3 32.7 33.7 35.5 37.5 39.7 41.1 57.0 59.6 62.5 65.8 69.9 74.1 76.5 81.0 109.5 115.7 113.5 115.4 118.0 116.3 118.8 120.9 103.6 111.4 115.9 114.2 120.1 126.2 125.2 129.5 300.4 318.0 324.6 329.0 343.6 354.1 360.1 372.6 112.0 116.9 117.7 124.3 125.2 124.3 125.6 118.2 15.7 16.6 18.3 19.1 20.0 21.8 23.4 23.6 1313.5 1531.3 1691.5 1858.1 1996.8 2079.9 2187.7 2432.2 21.2 24.3 22.9 24.7 26.2 24.5 24.3 25.9 317.2 345.5 364.0 381.4 414.5 444.6 480.0 524.2 117.6 116.9 120.5 122.0 129.6 123.6 132.2 140.0 511.0 522.1 527.2 528.3 523.6 516.2 473.0 500.9 53.6 53.8 59.6 62.6 63.4 62.2 60.8 62.9 18.7 19.3 18.8 19.1 19.0 19.1 19.0 18.9 52.4 56.8 58.9 61.8 65.1 64.8 66.9 67.6 26.6 27.5 27.7 25.9 27.1 26.9 27.3 27.6 37.5 42.7 48.4 51.5 56.8 59.4 63.4 69.8 209.0 213.2 220.6 222.7 231.3 235.3 236.7 255.0 99.3 104.8 107.1 108.7 113.7 106.7 104.2 110.5 81.3 87.7 93.1 95.0 97.9 100.6 102.4 107.9 22.5 28.7 29.8 32.3 34.9 36.7 42.1 44.0 40.2 41.5 44.0 45.4 43.2 44.6 46.9 44.6 3049.3 3349.5 3570.2 3782.8 3988.3 4091.5 4215.6 4573.8 9997.8 10482.0 10800.9 11087.8 11398.4 11535.8 11363.2 12002.4 5511.4 5622.5 5667.3 5673.2 5714.6 5658.7 5378.4 5568.3 4486.4 4859.5 5133.7 5414.6 5683.8 5877.1 5984.8 6434.1 1777.0 1805.9 1808.2 1814.0 1786.9 1783.9 1678.6 1732.9 971.2 992.6 993.9 1018.2 1034.5 1044.1 972.1 1023.3

* I n this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. â—† Less than 0.05%.

2007

2010 share of total

3.7% 19.0% 1.3% 2.6% 1.2% 1.4% 3.3% 23.1% 2.6% 0.6% 8.5% 2.1% -0.4% 0.2% 2.2% 0.3% 2.8% 0.1% 12.2% 0.2% 5.4% 0.2% -0.4% 0.7% 1.6% 0.7% 4.6% 5.1% 0.7% 0.3% -6.9% 0.1% 2.0% 0.2% 6.1% 0.6% -1.8% 0.2% 1.7% 0.3% 3.8% 0.2% 7.6% 0.2% 3.4% 2.1% 3.9% 2.7% -2.3% 0.3% 2.7% 0.2% â—† 0.1% 2.3% 1.4% 7.9% 0.6% -24.3% 0.1% 4.8% 0.8% -3.7% 0.3% 4.9% 0.8% 10.0% 0.2% 1.5% 0.3% 5.5% 5.8% 0.8% 0.1% 2.5% 1.2% 6.8% 0.4% -2.4% 0.2% 9.8% 0.9% 11.2% 0.2% 5.4% 1.0% 2.7% 1.7% 3.9% 0.4% 5.6% 0.7% 4.1% 24.8% 3.2% 1.8% 1.9% 0.2% 9.1% 0.3% 6.1% 0.2% 7.0% 1.7% 4.6% 0.7% 7.1% 1.0% 5.4% 5.8% 3.6% 0.3% 6.0% 0.7% 1.7% 1.0% 3.4% 1.1% 3.4% 3.1% -5.8% 1.0% 1.2% 0.2% 11.2% 20.3% 6.4% 0.2% 9.2% 4.4% 5.9% 1.2% 5.9% 4.2% 3.6% 0.5% -0.5% 0.2% 1.1% 0.6% 1.3% 0.2% 10.2% 0.6% 7.7% 2.1% 6.0% 0.9% 5.4% 0.9% 4.5% 0.4% -5.0% 0.4% 8.5% 38.1% 5.6% 100.0% 3.5% 46.4% 7.5% 53.6% 3.2% 14.4% 5.3% 8.5%


Consumption by fuel* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

Oil

Natural gas

833.2 97.1 88.5 1018.8 23.7 107.0 15.6 10.5 10.1 8.1 2.1 33.7 57.9 268.6 13.0 3.2 9.3 33.4 5.6 9.7 8.5 9.9 87.5 113.9 20.2 7.1 8.0 75.1 12.1 2.6 49.4 10.3 25.3 12.8 9.2 135.2 3.7 75.7 14.6 12.3 28.2 5.4 13.3 74.4 4.8 28.5 922.2 85.1 11.5 17.2 6.2 117.2 29.8 77.3 344.3 14.9 34.4 24.7 77.0 150.9 42.2 4.8 388.2 14.0 151.0 59.2 198.7 24.5 6.8 20.6 13.1 56.1 103.0 44.1 49.9 14.1 13.4 1203.8 3908.7 2094.8 1813.9 670.2 192.7

588.3 85.0 59.9 733.1 38.8 17.8 2.8 7.8 0.4 3.1 18.8 27.5 4.5 121.6 8.4 7.0 14.5 15.7 2.1 7.4 4.0 3.2 38.0 70.2 3.0 9.1 4.3 64.4 22.1 2.5 35.0 3.7 12.0 4.2 11.9 350.7 4.4 31.1 1.0 2.7 32.1 17.9 42.3 78.0 39.2 12.3 954.5 118.2 4.1 10.9 18.0 70.6 53.2 34.7 309.7 24.5 38.3 3.0 23.2 89.0 27.7 17.8 80.6 2.8 45.9 33.6 78.7 30.3 3.5 34.6 3.0 7.3 30.5 10.2 35.3 7.2 4.6 453.5 2661.4 1313.9 1347.5 412.6 503.0

Coal

496.2 23.3 8.6 528.1 1.2 11.7 3.7 3.7 – 0.5 – † 2.0 22.9 2.2 † † 4.6 6.3 16.2 4.0 3.7 9.9 71.7 8.1 2.5 1.3 13.1 31.7 0.1 7.9 0.3 51.9 3.3 6.6 91.9 3.5 10.5 1.6 0.1 32.0 – 35.0 29.6 1.4 15.2 466.4 1.1 7.7 – – – – – 8.8 0.2 0.6 87.7 5.5 94.1 51.7 0.4 1556.8 7.6 250.6 34.6 108.8 4.0 1.6 4.7 6.7 – 68.6 38.7 14.5 14.0 22.1 2185.3 3305.6 1049.5 2256.1 259.9 161.1

2009 Nuclear Hydro- energy electricity

190.3 20.2 2.4 212.9 1.8 2.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 3.4 6.2 – 5.4 92.8 30.5 – 3.5 – – – 2.5 1.0 – – – 2.7 37.0 3.2 11.9 11.9 6.2 – – 18.8 15.6 – 1.9 265.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 15.9 – 3.8 – 65.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.4 9.4 – – – 128.2 614.0 511.5 102.5 202.5 58.8

62.5 83.6 6.0 152.1 9.2 88.5 5.6 9.3 2.1 4.5 – 19.5 19.2 157.9 8.2 0.5 † 0.1 0.8 0.7 † 2.9 13.1 4.2 1.3 0.1 0.2 11.1 1.6 0.3 † 28.8 0.7 2.0 3.6 39.9 1.0 6.0 14.9 8.1 8.1 – 2.7 1.2 2.6 19.6 184.0 1.5 – – – – – 0.7 2.1 0.1 2.9 0.2 18.9 22.2 2.6 0.3 139.3 – 24.0 2.6 16.5 2.0 5.5 6.4 2.2 – 0.6 0.8 1.6 6.8 6.8 218.0 736.3 299.4 436.9 74.1 56.2

Renew- ables

Total

33.6 2204.1 3.3 312.5 1.8 167.1 38.7 2683.7 0.4 75.1 6.2 234.1 0.7 28.5 0.2 31.5 † 12.6 0.1 16.3 † 20.8 – 80.6 1.7 85.4 9.3 585.0 1.4 33.1 † 10.7 † 23.9 1.3 65.7 0.1 18.3 0.5 40.6 2.3 18.8 2.0 27.1 2.8 244.0 16.9 307.4 0.6 33.3 0.6 22.8 0.7 14.6 4.6 168.3 – 67.5 0.1 8.0 2.3 95.6 0.3 43.4 1.4 91.3 2.3 24.6 † 34.0 0.1 654.7 0.1 16.0 10.9 146.1 3.4 47.4 0.3 29.7 0.5 101.0 – 23.4 † 112.0 4.7 203.6 – 48.0 1.5 79.0 61.6 2853.8 † 205.9 † 23.3 – 28.0 – 24.2 – 187.8 † 83.0 † 112.7 0.1 664.9 – 39.7 0.2 76.5 0.1 118.8 0.6 125.2 0.9 360.1 1.3 125.6 – 23.4 6.9 2187.7 † 24.3 4.6 480.0 2.1 132.2 5.4 473.0 † 60.8 1.6 19.0 – 66.9 2.4 27.3 – 63.4 0.4 236.7 1.0 104.2 1.1 102.4 – 42.1 † 46.9 26.7 4215.6 137.4 11363.2 109.5 5378.4 27.9 5984.8 59.3 1678.6 0.3 972.1

Oil

850.0 102.3 87.4 1039.7 25.7 116.9 14.7 11.0 10.6 8.4 2.1 35.2 57.3 282.0 13.0 3.3 6.6 35.0 4.2 9.2 8.7 10.4 83.4 115.1 18.5 6.7 7.6 73.1 12.5 2.7 49.8 10.7 26.3 12.6 9.1 147.6 3.7 74.5 14.5 11.4 28.7 5.6 11.6 73.7 5.0 28.3 922.9 86.0 11.2 17.7 7.4 125.5 32.3 80.2 360.2 14.9 36.3 25.3 79.0 155.5 42.6 4.8 428.6 16.1 155.5 59.6 201.6 25.3 6.9 20.5 13.1 62.2 105.6 46.2 50.2 15.6 13.5 1267.8 4028.1 2113.8 1914.3 662.5 201.5

Natural gas

621.0 84.5 62.0 767.4 39.0 23.8 4.2 8.2 0.4 4.9 19.8 27.6 5.0 132.9 9.1 5.9 17.7 17.4 2.3 8.4 4.5 3.5 42.2 73.2 3.3 9.8 4.8 68.5 22.7 2.8 39.2 3.7 12.9 4.5 12.0 372.7 5.1 31.0 1.4 3.0 35.1 20.4 46.9 84.5 41.0 14.1 1023.5 123.2 4.8 12.9 18.4 75.5 54.5 39.6 329.0 26.0 40.6 3.4 24.4 94.5 27.3 18.0 98.1 3.4 55.7 36.3 85.1 32.2 3.7 35.5 2.8 7.6 38.6 12.7 40.6 8.4 4.8 510.8 2858.1 1397.6 1460.5 443.3 537.1

Coal

524.6 23.4 8.4 556.3 1.2 12.4 3.7 3.8 – 0.5 – † 2.1 23.8 2.0 † † 4.9 6.6 16.0 3.8 4.6 12.1 76.5 8.5 2.6 1.4 13.7 36.1 0.2 7.9 0.5 54.0 3.4 6.2 93.8 2.7 8.3 2.0 0.1 34.4 – 36.4 31.2 1.3 15.7 486.8 1.1 7.7 – – – – – 8.8 0.3 0.7 88.7 5.7 95.3 43.4 0.5 1713.5 6.3 277.6 39.4 123.7 3.4 1.0 4.6 7.7 – 76.0 40.3 14.8 13.7 18.9 2384.7 3555.8 1103.6 2452.2 269.7 169.1

2010 Nuclear Hydro- energy electricity

192.2 20.3 1.3 213.8 1.6 3.3 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.9 3.5 6.3 – 5.2 96.9 31.8 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 38.5 3.3 13.9 13.2 6.0 – – 20.2 14.1 – 1.8 272.8 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 16.7 – 5.2 – 66.2 – – 0.6 – – 33.4 9.4 – – – 131.6 626.2 520.9 105.3 207.5 59.3

58.8 82.9 8.3 149.9 9.2 89.6 4.9 9.1 2.0 4.4 – 17.4 20.7 157.2 7.8 0.8 † 0.1 1.3 0.8 † 3.2 14.3 4.3 1.7 † 0.1 11.2 1.5 0.3 † 26.7 0.8 3.8 4.6 38.1 1.3 9.6 15.1 8.2 11.7 – 2.9 0.8 2.5 22.3 195.9 2.2 – – – – – 0.9 3.0 † 3.2 0.3 19.6 23.2 3.4 0.3 163.1 – 25.2 2.6 19.3 2.1 5.5 6.4 1.8 – 0.8 0.9 1.2 6.3 7.4 246.4 775.6 309.5 466.1 83.0 55.9

Renew- ables

Total

39.1 2285.7 3.3 316.7 1.7 169.1 44.2 2771.5 0.4 77.1 7.9 253.9 0.8 28.4 0.2 32.2 0.1 13.0 0.1 18.3 † 22.0 – 80.3 1.7 86.8 11.1 611.9 1.4 33.3 † 10.0 † 24.4 1.5 69.8 0.2 18.0 0.6 41.3 2.5 19.5 2.2 29.1 3.4 252.4 18.6 319.5 0.6 32.5 0.7 23.4 0.7 14.6 5.6 172.0 – 72.8 0.1 6.1 2.2 100.1 0.3 41.8 1.9 95.8 2.8 27.1 0.1 34.5 0.1 690.9 0.1 16.2 12.4 149.7 4.3 50.7 0.3 29.0 1.0 110.9 – 26.0 † 118.0 4.9 209.1 – 49.8 1.2 83.4 69.6 2971.5 0.1 212.5 † 23.7 – 30.6 – 25.7 – 201.0 † 86.8 † 120.7 0.1 701.1 – 41.1 0.3 81.0 0.1 120.9 0.7 129.5 1.1 372.6 1.5 118.2 – 23.6 12.1 2432.2 † 25.9 5.0 524.2 2.1 140.0 5.1 500.9 † 62.9 1.8 18.9 – 67.6 2.3 27.6 – 69.8 0.5 255.0 1.0 110.5 1.1 107.9 – 44.0 † 44.6 32.6 4573.8 158.6 12002.4 123.0 5568.3 35.6 6434.1 66.9 1732.9 0.3 1023.3

* I n this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. †Less than 0.05. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41


World consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent

13000

Coal Renewables Hydroelectricity Nuclear energy Natural gas Oil

12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

10

World primary energy consumption grew by 5.6% in 2010, the strongest growth since 1973. Growth was above average for oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydroelectricity, as well as for renewables in power generation. Oil remains the dominant fuel (33.6% of the global total) but has lost share for 11 consecutive years. The share of coal in total energy consumption continues to rise, and the share of natural gas was the highest on record.

Regional consumption pattern 2010 Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific region continues to lead global energy consumption, accounting for 38.1% of the world total and for 67.1% of global coal consumption. Within the Asia Pacific countries, coal is the dominant fuel, accounting for 52.1% of energy consumption. Oil is the dominant fuel for all other regions except Europe and Eurasia, where natural gas is the leading fuel. In addition to being the largest consumer of coal, the Asia Pacific countries are also the leading users of oil and hydroelectric generation. Europe and Eurasia are leading consumers of natural gas, nuclear power, and renewables in power generation. 42

0


Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5 1.5-3.0 3.0-4.5 4.5-6.0 > 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2010 Years

500

Oil Natural gas Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

World

0

Coal remains the most abundant fossil fuel by global R/P ratios, though oil and natural gas proved reserves have generally risen over time. Non-OECD countries account for 93.4% of the world’s proved oil reserves; 90.9% of natural gas reserves, and 56% of coal reserves. The Middle East holds the largest share of proved oil and natural gas reserves; Europe and Eurasia hold a significant share of the world’s natural gas and the largest coal reserves. Asia and North America also hold substantial coal reserves.

43


Appendices Approximate conversion factors Crude oil*

Units 1 metric tonne

From

To

tonnes (metric)

kilolitres

barrels Multiply by

US gallons

tonnes per year

Tonnes (metric) Kilolitres Barrels US gallons Barrels per day

1 0.8581 0.1364 0.00325 –

1.165 1 0.159 0.0038 –

7.33 6.2898 1 0.0238 –

307.86 264.17 42 1 –

– – – – 49.8

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

barrels to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Gasoline Kerosene Gas oil/diesel Fuel oil

0.086 0.118 0.128 0.133 0.149

To convert tonnes kilolitres to barrels to tonnes Multiply by

1 kilocalorie (kcal) 1 kilojoule (kJ)

11.6 8.5 7.8 7.5 6.7

0.542 0.740 0.806 0.839 0.939

tonnes to kilolitres

1.844 1.351 1.240 1.192 1.065

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)

1 billion cubic metres NG 1 billion cubic feet NG 1 million tonnes oil equivalent 1 million tonnes LNG 1 trillion British thermal units 1 million barrels oil equivalent

1 British thermal unit (Btu) 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh)

Products

From

1 kilolitre

billion cubic metres NG

To billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes trillion British million barrels feet NG oil equivalent LNG thermal units oil equivalent Multiply by

1 0.028 1.11 1.36 0.028 0.15

35.3 1 39.2 48.0 0.99 5.35

0.90 0.025 1 1.22 0.025 0.14

0.74 0.021 0.82 1 0.021 0.11

35.7 1.01 39.7 48.6 1 5.41

6.60 0.19 7.33 8.97 0.18 1

= 2204.62lb = 1.1023 short tons = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu  0.239kcal = = 0.948Btu = 0.252kcal = 1.055kJ = 860kcal = 3600kJ = 3412Btu

Calorific equivalents

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately: Heat units

Solid fuels Gaseous fuels Electricity

10 million kilocalories 42 gigajoules 40 million British thermal units 1.5 tonnes of hard coal 3 tonnes of lignite See Natural gas and liquefied natural gas table 12 megawatt-hours

One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a modern power station. 1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil 1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil

Definitions Statistics published in this Review are taken from government sources and published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP in the course of its business. Country and geographic groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended to imply any judgement about political or economic standings.

West Africa Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.

North America US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.

Asia Pacific Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Oceania. *Special Administrative Region.

South and Central America Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America. Europe European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro. Former Soviet Union Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Europe and Eurasia All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union. Middle East Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria. North Africa Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara. 44

East and Southern Africa Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Australasia Australia, New Zealand. OECD members Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK. Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US. OPEC members Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. North Africa: Algeria, Libya. West Africa: Angola, Nigeria. South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.

European Union members Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK. Non-OECD All countries that are not members of the OECD. Methodology The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric power generation, as well as electricity from renewable sources, have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming a conversion efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation). Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-toliquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel. Percentages Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis except on pages 6, 13, 16, 18 and 20. Rounding differences Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts. Tonnes Metric equivalent of tons.


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Acknowledgements Data compilation Energy Academy and Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot-Watt University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk Design saslondon.com Typesetting Orb Solutions, London Printing Pureprint Group Limited, UK ISO 14001, FSC ® certified and CarbonNeutral ® Paper This Review is printed on FSC-certified Mohawk Options 100%. This paper has been independently certified according to the rules of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and was manufactured at a mill that holds ISO 14001 accreditation. The inks used are all vegetable oil based.

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60 years BP Statistical Review


BP Statistical Review of World EnergyJune 2011