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Fall 2010

AENG-351 Design Studio I A Home for Orphans This studio will be structured around designing behavioral and socio-cultural contexts. The design process will engage in architecture from the “inside-out� approach. Design will be generated through the study of behavioral use of space. Issues of age, gender, culture and individuality as well as complex functional relationships will be examined in their influence on architectural design. The nature of human behavior and how it can be incorporated, facilitated, modified and influenced through architectural design will be emphasized

Nehad Kamel Fall 2010


The theme of this project focuses on the needs of a special user group that is related to the home environment: What is means by “A Home for Orphans�; it is the venture point to be adopted in approaching this design project. This design reflects the aspiration in a home for such a special user group. Numbers of orphans are in continuous increase in the world today; developing countries including Egypt face serious problem in providing appropriate settings, with suitable living conditions for orphans. In some countries orphans are being relocated across cities, countries; continents, and consequently from one culture to another in an attempt to be housed by families of strangers. Conversely, in other societies, relocating orphans is not an acceptable option The focus of this project is to design a home for orphans in an Egyptian setting, which means a home managed by an institution and supervised by the ministry of Social Affairs. The objective of the project is to create a humane environment, as close to normal family home setting as possible to young and/or adult children. The study is based on a study of orphanages, analyzing and identifying the problems that negatively impact the quality of life in orphanages, and based in the problems that negatively impact the quality of life in orphanages, and based on critical analysis and in-depth understanding a set of objectives is set for preparing a design brief most suitable for orphanages in Egypt.


The Research1 Identify the different human values and needs in an orphanage home

Design Objective Statement of Purpose After analyzing and studying two different facilities; the John Halgrim Orphanage in Kenya and the Genoud el Rahman Orphanage in Egypt, my purpose for the design has slowly and progressively began to take its shape. I would like to design an orphanage with a main focus on hobbies. I want each orphan to have a personal hobby and make this hobby the focus of their day. The hobby could perhaps make them earn money in the future, or just become this personal intimate getaway they could escape to. The hobbies will consist of art, music, carpentry, gardening and cooking. I want the facility to be girls only small scaled with around 50 children of a relatively young age. The main focus of the orphanage is to help the children learn and excel in a hobby that will help them with their self confidence, their personal image and their personal pride. Excelling in a hobby requires a lot, they need to have a strict schedule, practice hours, studying hours, resting hours and sleeping hours and this schedule will be the main focus of the design. The design has to reflect to the maximum the daily routine of the children and their activities. I do not want the division in the rooms to reflect in any way the hobbies each have chosen to encourage the sociability between different characters and personalities within the facility. First I wanted the facility to be downtown but I was faced with the constraints of space and money if I wanted the orphanage to have exhibition halls, workshops, classrooms, and so on. So I decided to choose the same site that inspired my idea, the Genoud el Rahman site in the 6th of October.

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For complete research document please refer to Architecture Design Project Research document


User Profile User Group

Needs and Aspirations All girls need and will be involved in a hobby from the ones listed above that teaches them a craft and also becomes part of who they are. There hobby will be personally chosen by the children than their choice will be evaluated by the teachers. The hobby will help them intellectually as it will open new horizons for them, psychologically as it will become an escape from daily struggles and personally in the future where it can become a money provider

Staff: 5 Drivers

Orphans: 48 girls aged 5 to 10 years old

Architectural Program Site Analysis  The site is the site of the Genoud Al Rahman Orphanage in the 6th of October area in the outskirts of Cairo  It is easily accessed by the main road  The site is surrounded by an empty land that could be used for expansion if needed

Supervisors:

3 Cooks

16 Surrogate mothers each caring for 3 girls

10 Maids

4 certified administrative figures that supervise the surrogate mothers Teachers for the various hobbies


Space Program Sheets

Space: Kitchen

Space: Preparation Room Molecular Activity: Organizing recently brought food products Spatial Relationship: Midpoint to kitchen and laundry

Function: Preparing food Who: The cook's helpers

Space: Laundry Room Function: Washing clothes Molecular Activity: Who: The maids and Organizing freshly the surrogate cleaned clothes mothers

Space: Dinner Hall

Function: Eating location

Molecular Activity: None

Who: The children, the surrogate mothers

Environment Quality: A window and a door provide sunlight as well as ventilation

Spatial Relationship: Midpoint to preparation room and dining hall

Environment Quality: A window provides sunlight as well as ventilation

Spatial Relationship: Midpoint to kitchen and entrance vestibule

Environment Quality: Spacious, a window provides sunlight as well as ventilation

Space: Children's Partitions

Function: Sleeping

Space: Surrogate mother room

Function: Sleeping

Space: Workshops

Function: Depending on the hobby

Molecular Activity: Display room fir the children's achievements Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: Entrance point to the Naturally ventilated entire facility and lit by the large entrance

Molecular Activity: Getting dressed

Who: The children

Molecular Activity: Getting dressed

Who: The surrogate mothers

Molecular Activity: Spending leisure time

Who: The teacher and the children

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: Three inside each Windows provide room sunlight as well as ventilation

Spatial Relationship: Environment One inside each Quality: A window apartment provide sunlight as well as ventilation

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: inside the workshop Windows provide sunlight space as well as ventilation and view

Space: Children's bathrooms

Space: Vestibule inside each room

Function: Circulation withing the apartment Molecular Activity: Who: The children Gathering point for and the surrogate the children mothers Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: One inside each ventilation and room sunlight are occasionally present through the door

Space: Corridor inside each apartment Molecular Activity: Circulation

Space: Mothers' bathrooms

Spatial Relationship: Environment One inside each Quality: ventilation apartment and sunlight are occasionally present through other room doors

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: A One inside each window provide sunlight as apartment well as ventilation

Space: Hallways

Function: Circulation

Space: Garden

Space: Exhibition Hall

Function: Gallery for the girls' work

Molecular Activity: Not Applicable

Who: Everyone at the facility

Molecular Activity: Who: The children Leisure time at noon and the surrogate View for art students mothers

Molecular Activity: Inspiration for future projects

Who: The children, the surrogate mothers and visitors

Spatial Relationship: Environment viewed from all the Quality: It is an rooms outdoor space, trees provides shade

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: Not Near the entrance much natural lighting ventilation through air vents. Professional lighting to emphasize work

Molecular Activity: Preparing food

Function: Cooking food Who: The cook

Spatial Relationship: Midpoint to preparation room and dining hall

Environment Quality: A window provides sunlight as well as ventilation

Space: Reception

Function: Welcoming and waiting area for guests Who: Guests, volunteers.

Molecular Activity: Getting dressed

Function: Using the bathroom and taking showers Who: The children

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: Four on each floor A window provide sunlight as well as ventilation

Space: Vestibule on each floor Molecular Activity: Having the midday snack

Function: Landing for the staircase, circulation Who: Everyone at the facility

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: One on each floor It is an outdoor space

Spatial Relationship: Environment Quality: Connecting many It is an outdoor space spaces

Function: Privacy provider for the surrogate mother Who: The surrogate mothers

Function: Place for afternoon snack

Molecular Activity: Getting dressed

Function: Using the bathroom and taking showers Who: The surrogate mothers


Bubble Diagram Discussion: 

There will be four building: o The facilities  A hallway leads to the dining hall which is connected to the kitchen, the preparation room and the laundry are o The rooms  A hallway leads to one apartment per floor  An inner core hallway leads to 4 rooms per apartment. The bathrooms are situated at the end of this corridor  Inside each room are three partitions for three girls and a room for the mother o The Reception  A reception area and the exhibition hall o The Workshops  Each workshop serves a different activity


Spatial Relationships Discussion 

There will be a number of buildings in the facility all interconnected o

The workshops and creativity building

o

The rooms building

o

The reception building

o

The facilities building

A garden interconnects all the building and is viewed from all

rooms 

The buildings reflect the clear separation between leisure, work,

rest and eating 

The buildings will not be high in floors but stretched in area since

we have the space


Design Concept and Identity Name After being inspired by the lifestyle that is based on activities for the children in the orphanage I have visited I decided I wanted follow the same approach but produce a much more efficient design and try to correct all the disadvantages that are present in the orphanage I have visited. This is why I decided to call the orphanage Hewayaty, which means My Hobby in Arabic. I want the residents of the orphanage to have a personal hobby.

Reasons behind the Choice From the interviews and interactions in the Genoud Al Rahman Orphanage, I found that the girls were very much loved. They all felt like a big happy family in this big facility. Quoting the head mistress “I feel like I’m in heaven with these girls�. I think the love and cooperation are two biggest aspects I noticed. All the girls kept introducing me to their mothers and their sisters and each one was very eager to show me how clean and tidy her stuff was. Everyone had a smile on their face from the guard to the cook to the teacher and the girls. Their interaction together was truly shocking and admirable. It was a lot more than I had expected, and I immediately wanted to translate this effect in my design. Moreover, I observed how all the girls were involved in various activities whether art and music or sports which made me surer of my choice to make a better version of this facility for my design


Theme The theme of hobby was a personal choice. As a piano player myself I cherish my playing hours as a time for escaping all my chores, assignments and work. This time is very precious and provides a sort of reenergizing to the mind. Therefore, I decided to make the home focused on hobbies. I believe that the orphans need that precious time to escape the fact that they are orphans, to escape society’s pressure and be with themselves doing what they love for a certain amount of time.

Inspirations


A Preliminary Design Concept This design step is divided into three stages. During these stages the design criteria and spatial program will be transformed by expressing the design concept into preliminary design solutions


Stage 1


Stage 2


Stage 3


Form Generation This step contains the development of the design concept that expresses the values and needs while responding to the context of the design by experiencing the designed spaces in 3D form.


Model Development 1


Model Development 2


Design Development Development of design through architectural drawings


Hewayaty Architecture Design Project “A Home for Orphans”



Design Studio I