How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
1092 Bites Information in the one solar system in Galaxy
≡Note Note starting with placement of bites The elements of≡nature The elements of natureARCHITECTURE. starting with placement of bites [Information] It crats small to big [Information] ARCHITECTURE. It crats to big complex Data structure that shouldsmall visualized as a design, complex Data structure that should visualized as a design, space and information. Every elements have their Owen space and information. Every elements have their Owen Design module. Example start with atom to galaxy. Design module. Example start with atom to galaxy.
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It would not have been possible to write this Master thesis without the help and support of the kind people around me, to only some of whom it is possible to give a particular mention here. Above all, I would like to thank my mother Gitaben Kansagra, sister Jasmin Kansagra for her personal support and great patience at all times. My Late Father Mukeshbhai Kansagra’s dream to do research in architecture with me. My friends, Vallabh-Vidhyanager Group [Pintu, Kalpesh, Parth, Ashish, Mitesh, Ankit, Partik, Maulik, Himanshu ,...] ,Nirav, Jaydeep as big brother, My classmates [ Stephan, Saqib, and Tony], undefined people who is part of my life and soul, from various place on other side of sea have given me their unequivocal support throughout, as always, for which my mere expression of thanks likewise does not suffice. Even thank full to Various trust, and people for Financial help. This thesis would not have been possible without the help, support and patience of My Director , Prof. Alberto T. Estévez, not to mention his advice and unsurpassed knowledge of comparative architecture. The good advice, support, and friendship of my second Prof. Neil Leach has been invaluable on both an academic and a personal level, for which I am extremely grateful. Especially Neil Leach who seen potential to do master here, Guide me from 2014 First meeting in Workshop, India I would like to acknowledge the academic and technical support of The Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, ESARQ School Of Architecture, Barcelona, Spain and its staff, particularly in my first visit and robbed in Barcelona, the university help me to go and stabilize my master research by support Prof. Anan Chocho and Prof. Dennis Dollans, Ruth. At the time of preparing this term paper, I am gone through different books and websites which help me to get acquainted with new topics. I am actually focusing on those topics which are important for us to understand about this subject easily. Apart from me, this term paper will certainly be immense importance for those who are interesting to know about this subject. I hope they will find it comprehensible.I have tried hard and soul to gather all relevant documents regarding this subject. I don’t know how far I am able to do that. Furthermore, I don’t claim all the information in this term paper is included perfectly. There may be shortcoming, factual error, a mistaken opinion which are all mine and I alone am responsible for those but I will try to give a better volume in future. Thank You / Gracias
/ansagra How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 7
How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
.....7 .....11 .....13 .....19 .....20 .....21 .....32
.....Acknowledgment .....Preface .....Introduction .....Genetic & Biodigital Architectural Design Studio 1 .....Introduction .....Context .....Conclusion
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.....Genetic & Biodigital Architectural Design Studio 3 .....Introduction .....Context .....Conclusion
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.....Genetic & Biodigital Architectural Design Studio 2 .....Introduction .....Context .....Conclusion
.....75 .....76 .....77 .....86
.....Genetic & Biodigital Architectural Design Future Certification .....Introduction .....Context .....Conclusion
.....Genral Conclusion .....Bibliography
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How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
The How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? Merging Nature and Architecture thesis research paper book presented in the Esarq, School of Architecture, AT UIC Barcelona, Spain examines the influence of biological paradigms on the world of architecture, including the future implications of transposing and merging these two seemingly divergent disciplines. As opposed to biology, which focuses on concepts relating to life and ongoing change, architecture is traditionally perceived as a field of inert entities, focusing on the ability of buildings to survive transgene rationally and serve as sites which preserve the past. The thesis examines new relationships being formed between man and his environment in the solar system and nature , which invalidate the binary distinction between nature and culture and re-frame the architectural environment as part of a wider ecology. How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? treats architectural activity according to a material perception of the world, moving beyond “A purely ontological framework in order to encompass the ethical and critical 1. Life Object : Isreal Pavalion , La Binnale Venezia, 2016 Visit Brocher Intodction text
insights which arise when architecture is contextualized within cultural and political history.” 1 This thesis research paper book revolves around the blurred boundaries between that which is considered ‘Nature’, and that which is not. The platform established by the exhibition is expressed through four sections of informational typologies which are interwoven throughout the book, ranging from case studies to theoretical elaborations. Their dispersal throughout the book suggests a multiplicity of possible relationships between the various topics and fields dealt with in the exhibition. The theoretical section is comprised of articles that deal with the various aspects underlying the relationship of man to an environment, as suggested by the biological paradigm. The curatorial text at the beginning of the book lays out the theoretical foundation for the future, engaging extensively with the concept of resilience, and also emergence of Bio-law will be an evolution in future [ Bioweapon ] which constitutes How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? central conceptual axis. Breaking down the oppositions that have long separated the natural from the artificial enhances the sustainability and resilience of human systems, be they architectural, political, or cultural. An additional text treats natural models that exist between organisms and their environments, and the questions that result from their transference to human architectural contexts. The core of the paper consists of a series of texts that deal with the Bio Building, the outcome of architectural-scientific research, These texts relate to the structural and material element of the installation, as well as to the research and design methodologies that frame it. The second part of the paper consists of seven studies created by teams How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 11
of architects and scientists who were invited to propose speculative scientific architectural scenarios, using biological paradigms, to relate to local and global planning and architectural questions and laws in international bounties. Texts relating to those project are intercalated between the theoretical texts, reverberating with them, and proposing various interpretations of the connection between biology and architecture with regards to nature and solar systems. Interspersed throughout the research paper book are fragments of a biological- architectural phrase book, which constitutes a conceptual envelope. In its framework, biological concepts receive architectural interpretations stemming from both local and global examples. The phrase of research paper encourages new ways of thinking about architecture and biology, and nature with the terms serving as a tagging system which is spread throughout the book. Echoing the overall approach of the How To Grow Almost Bio Building, the entire book functions according to a rhizomatic structure, without any clear borderlines.
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This thesis is started with the basic root of question What is an Architecture In environmental context? And then finding a answer with many options, On solar systems we are going through every time in revolution. The relationship between architectural space and mechanisms of life has
2. Andreas Vesalius, On The Fabric Of Human Body, trans W. F . Richardson and J.B.Carman. vol-5
3. Dobora Gans, Intorduction Gothe’s Fish, In organic Approch to Architecture iv
found various metaphorical expressions throughout history. Architectural spaces have been used to interpret the operating structure of natural systems, while inanimate spaces were brought to life with the aid of images from nature. In his groundbreaking books on the study of anatomy. On the Fabric of the Human Body in Seven Books2, Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) employed architectural concepts to describe anatomical phenomena, comparing an architectural structure to the human body. “For what walls and beams provide in houses, poles in tents, and keels and ribs in ships, the substance of bones provides in the fabric of man.” He treats muscles and tendons as “...parts of the body which are placed beneath all the others as foundations and bases...”, while he views joints such as the knee and elbow in analogy to hinges of windows and doors in a house: “...if you compared this species of joint with the hinges of doors in which the iron driven into the wall receives that which is attached to the door, and the iron from the wall enters up into that of the door. The present species of articulation got its name from this model.” These comparisons express the Aristotelian view according to which nature takes no action in vain, and every natural phenomenon takes place in order to fulfill some purpose. Natural phenomena are the result of a design process. Conversely, concepts from nature have been used to describe architectural spaces. Alberti described architecture as sinews and ligaments that work together, while Palladio compared the program of a villa to a “digestive system of service spaces functioning in support of the placid physiognomy of the served.”3 In an anthology of works by the 15th century Jewish thinker Rabbi Moshe David Valle, the town is compared to the human body, where houses of religious worship are analogous to the head, the streets to the arms and legs, providing sustenance and support. Anthropomorphic metaphors of the town are present in many literary works: the works of Friedrich Nietschze, Thomas Mann and Henry James relate to Venice, while those of Honore de Balzac, Victor Hugo and Walter Benjamin deal with Paris, and Peter Ackroyd focuses on London. In these works, cities undergoing processes of degeneration are compared to human conditions of mental distress, and avenues of transportation are compared to blood vessels and the nervous system. The cities are deconstructed in human terms, characterized by a spine, and a beating heart which constitutes the center of their actions. Using metaphors from biology to describe architectural spaces charges them with life.
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Typologies of the interface between architecture and biology ? The bond between biology and architecture can be characterized with the aid of three different typologies. One is founded on the adoption of practices from nature in architecture via imitation, the second on processes of hybridization between nature and synthetic systems, while the third, which exists on a purely material level, is based on the artificial creation of processes which had previously been ascribed solely to nature. An increased interest in studying processes and structures that exist in nature for the benefit of human activity led to the development of biomimetic research methodologies by means of which natural practices are applied to architectural structures and fabrication practices. These methodologies are based on the study of natural structures that reflect evolutionary processes which store within themselves material and structural wisdom and principles of operation that were created over eons of time. Their application in architectural systems can enable the optimization and improved efficiency of manufacturing and design systems relative to previously accepted solutions. The relation between biology and architecture can be seen as a trend that was averse to processes of mechanization championed by modernism, which led to the severe damage of the ecological fabric. Optimization and efficiency, magic words in the modernist paradigm, are directly derived from scientific methodology in many of its manifestations. Furthermore, biomimetic processes have the potential to reverse destructive processes caused by human development, leading to the restoration of an ecological balance, improving our ability to deal with the damage done towards the human environment, and working towards its regeneration. Hybridization between biological and synthetic systems is the result of scientific and technological developments originating in the mid 20th century, based on scientific theories that question the binary division between artificial and organic systems. The deals with the study of communication control systems and principles of feedback between people and other organisms. This theory formulates and documents the transition from concepts centering upon energy and force towards a new language computation based upon information in order to explain an enormous variety of artificial and natural phenomena at once: from the behavior of electric circuits and mechanical control systems, to the replicating mechanisms of the cell and the operation of the human brain. The human genetic code was deciphered by Francis Crick and James Watson and this was followed by the development of bioinformatics and the theory of complex systems. These developments benefited from the ability of computers to analyze large quantities of data, improving our ability to merge biological and artificial processes. The architectural environment has been similarly affected by these developments, both through changes in construction techniques, and the restructuring of urban environments which are now perceived as part of a wider ecology in whose framework it is no longer possible. â€œWhere nature begins and where it ends.â€? This blurring of boundaries intensifies in light of the fact that our definition of the environment has changed, alongside our understanding of its inhabitants; in the posthumanist era, man too is perceived as a hybrid entity. Technologies of genetic engineering, the implantation of artificial organs, and new means of changing a personâ€™s state of consciousness mark a new era in the definition of humanity.
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The emerging field of new materials is the product of synthetic biology and the nano-materials that have cast scientists and architects as creators, The increased abilities of contemporary architect place human beings in a new state of control with regard to nature: in this manner, while taking on the role of nature, man becomes part of nature while simultaneously expropriating its unique characteristics.18 By controlling processes of the manufacturing of material, architecture can make use of new materials and involve mechanisms to which characteristics of “life” are attributed. Thus it is possible to artificially construct buildings with a built-in capacity to cure and renew themselves, to create urban spaces with the capacity for self-organization and selfgrowth. In this framework, natural materials can be produced by unnatural means with practices that are to ‘hacking’ nature. New way of hinking materiality in light of the new manufacturing processes is no longer localized in the accepted ontological concepts of materialism.This strategy relies as an abstracting machine which structures the ‘becoming of the real.’ When phenomena becomes virtual, its multiplicity of potential incarnations becomes more real than their realization in actuality, by the very manifestation of its virtuality through programming and code, the characteristics of matter are revealed with extra force. In this manner the execution of algorithmic manipulations can cause matter to undergo infinite transformations. Biological and synthetic materials can thus share the same logic of operation as ecological systems and urban habbitat. Creating diffrent syntheses in environment.
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Erechtheion Athence Greece4
Biological Design in early 19th Hector guimard street light paris,France5 “Gaudi,” Casa Milà popularly known as La Pedrera in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.6
4. Image Source -- https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erechtheion
5. Image Source -- By Author
6. Image Source -- By Author
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Valancia,Brerkee Music College, Calatrava Architects 9 9. Image Source -- By Author
7. Image Source -- Indhumati , LA, Usa
Ney York Merto Station, Calatrava Architects7
Louis vuitton Foundation - Fren Ghery8 8. Image Source -- By Author
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How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
GENETIC & BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO 1
INTRODUCTION TO GENETICS AND BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURE PROF. DENNIS DOLLENS
10. Hall, Brian K.; Hallgrímsson, Benedikt (2008). Strickberger’s Evolution (4th ed.). Jones and Bartlett. pp. 4–6.
11. Darwin, Charles. “On the Origin of Species”. — Chapter 4, Natural Selection
Nature has tested through billions of years of evolution all kind of life.If thinking about system, all part go through a membrane structure in the solar systems. It would be a start to micro part, mini part, etc. It knows what kind of system work in which particular environment and learning through past basis system, and started evolution and revolution in self system but Natural selection part of system study contains the information of how these systems interact with its environment to cope with the situation in order to survive. Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. It is a key mechanism of evolution, the change in heritable traits of a population over time.10 Charles Darwin popularized the term “natural selection”; he compared it with artificial selection. The environment of a genome includes the molecular biology in the cell, other cells, other individuals, populations, species, as well as the abiotic environment. Individuals with certain variants of the trait may survive and reproduce more than individuals with other, less successful, variants. Therefore, the population evolves.
Factors that affect reproductive success are also important, Natural selection is one of the cornerstones of modern biology.11 Advances in science and technology are leading to important discoveries within nature. Architecture started evolution and revolution with a bing part of Natural system of Nature. And the every stage of discoveries are leading to a point where better system can be developed base on nature’s principles, with the help of nature and part of nature.
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Bio Digital study started with the analyze the data structure in nature their behavior, and mimicking structure of on the earth, and how to understand the data and apply for a transformation of architecture. When this was done, the catalog of nature was consulted in search of a system which coped with the presented environmental issue. we are increasingly reaching levels of advancement that it becomes significantly easier to imitate, copy, and adapt biological methods, processes and systems This field, which is also called biomimetics, bionics, or biogenesis, has reached impressive levels that include imitating some of the human thinking process in computers by mimicking such human characteristics as making decisions and operating autonomously.12 Natural systems works because they work in relation with other systems and to itâ€™s environment. Systems by them self can take part of a larger system/ in that case they become sub-system. This way of functioning is crucial within nature for survival. Important in this collaboration between systems/ is that they all need to work according to one and the same law. The collaboration aspect of systems, which make it a successful survival techniques, are considered its weak points as well. As when a part of a system fails, the whole system temp to fail. This is a known issue in human made system. And scientists are developing techniques such as artificial intelligence to solve this issue. Nature avoids this issue by constantly testing of its system through evolution. In this process systems adapt them selves to new situation or environment. If this is not the case, the whole system will fail. And when this is the case in nature, a specie is extinct. Here follows the conceptual fundation from which system where understood for the purpose of the studio.
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12. Bar-Cohen, Yoseph, Biomimetics: mimicking and inspired-by biology, Proceedings of the SPIE Smart Structures Conference, San Diego, CA. 5759-02, March 7-10,2005
CONTEXT The Fold ? The fold is a biological mechanism that enables geometric transformation of fiat material into a three dimensional shape in the most effective form possible. Nature uses folding algorithms in a variety of scales, from protein folding and the creation of DNA coils of flowers, leaves, wings, eyelids, ears and mountain ranges. Proteins, the building blocks of the human cell, are in fact chains of amino acids that stretch out in spaghetti-like fashion from cell machines called ribosomes. Protein folding is a process in which the three dimensional structure of the protein is created. When the protein is synthesized, it appears in its primal structure as a chain of amino acids with no definite structure. In order for the protein to fulfill its specific designation, a folding algorithm is initiated, creating its correct three dimensional form. It is thought that Alzheimer’s disease. Mad Cow disease and various types of cancer are caused by incorrect folding of proteins. Biologists still do not completely understand the method that determines the complex form long chains receive upon their completion. However, the aim of research today is not only to understand how the protein folds and what can go wrong in the process, but also to design completely new proteins. The forms of the protein I are what determine their function, and so creation of proteins that fold up into new shapes can also formulate components with new and improved capabilities: medicines, chemical catalysts, even molecules that extract carbon dioxide from the air or help dissolve poisonous toxins. The folding is dynamic and depends on environmental effects such as light and humidity. As such, nature’s folding algorithm can afford us various lessons, like how and why flower petals fold.The fold, which characterized the Baroque period, has recently returned to the architectural discourse due to the ability of code-based digital design to produce “folded” structures. In this new framework, the fold takes on the configuration of a spatial diagram, depicted in plans and sections that express the algorithm implemented on them.
13. Image Source -- http://www. nature.com/nchembio/journal/v11/ n11/full/nchembio.1929.html?WT. feed_name=subjects_ribozymes
Crystal structure of the Varkud satellite ribozym13
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This revitalized discourse derives from the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. In referring to ideas of time and space, he advanced the concept of le pli as one that undermines traditional Cartesian ways of looking at objects in space, and accordingly conceives of the fold not as a morphological form, but rather an ontology of becoming, of diversity and of differentiation, which preserves movement and continuity.13 For Deleuze, the fold represents a new framework in which the relationship between inside and outside shifts and the borders between them are blurred. The Deleuzian concept is based on the perception of a continuing generative process that enables the existence of parallel routes, an expression of potential that has not yet been actualized. With the advancement of digital tools, the fold has become the basis for stochastic form creation, and for what has been termed â€œDigital Gothic.â€? 14 It appears that future application of the fold in architecture will find maximum expression in its material aspects rather than in its spatial diagrammatic implications. Programmable materials at the nano level enable the construction of surfaces predesigned not only to fold and unfold, but to change in ways that are not necessarily predictable over time. These innovations naturally lead to reexamining relations between buildings and their environments and between and the body and architectural structures.
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14. Gilles Deleuze, The Fold, Lebiniz and the Baroque Trans. Tom Conley
15. Greg Lynn, Flods, Bodies & Blobs: Collective Eassy
16. Image Source --http://we-
17. Image Source --https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/ Aphids_and_Buchnera
Symbiosis in Architecture. Symbiosis represents reciprocity, the existence of mutual relationship between two parties, in the world of living things, it describes a relationship where two organisms depend on each other, both sides finding the partnership useful. Over time two organisms living in symbiosis can undergo co-evolution, which makes them increasingly suitable for each other, until the point at which they are unable to live separately. In each and every cell of an animal there exists symbiosis between the mitochondria an “energy factory” necessary for the cell’s continued existence and the cell itself, which supplies the mitochondria with necessary proteins. The origin of mitochondria lies in ancient bacteria that entered the cell and over generations became an inseparable part of it. The Buchnera and the Aphid bacteria are other examples of an organism that developed a mutual dependence, which does not allow them metabolic independence, that is, the ability to synthesize all the materials they need. The Buchnera bacteria lacks many of the genes that encode metabolic enzymes, and it depends on the Aphid to supply these materials. In return, the bacteria supplies the Aphid with a number of amino acids that it produces at an intensified rate. The evolutionary compatibility is genetic, and the nutritional dependence that developed betwen them can be identified based on the structure the metabolic network. A green lung refers to areas of natural parkland within an urban space. They contain wild or cultivated vegetation, and are protected by master plans that cordon off the areas from the threat of development. Green areas function symbiotically with the built environment, so that in recent years their presence has come to, an existential necessity within modern urban systems. The “green lung” provides many advantages for urban space, and in return its survival is ensured, as it receives visual urban improvement services. Moreover, the discourse has shifted from focusing on aesthetics to emphasizing the environmental benefits of using green lungs to prevent air pollution and repair ecological damages caused by urban building. Green lungs can appear in various forms, such as parks, public gardens, traffic islands and traffic circles. The term refers metaphorically to the process of photosynthesis that takes place there, serving to support the urban respiratory process, absorbing carbon dioxide through the growth of vegetation, and transforming it into clean oxygen. Green lungs have many advantages, which include preventing ground erosion, creating naturally shaded areas, absorbing pollutant gases, lowering the temperature, and providing a natural sound barrier, among many others. These regions bear considerably on the real estate prices of of neighboring buildings, and consequently on their demographic makeup. These benefits are generated both by aesthetic factors, as well as the social possibilities and mental health benefits that patch of nature within the built urban space can provide.
Image Source- Green Symbiosis Imaginary 15
The Buchnera and the Aphid bacteria16 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 23
Genotype in Architecture. A phenotype is the totality of visible characteristics of an individual being that result from the meeting of its genetic makeup, the genotype, with the environment. While the genotype of an individual being is fixed, the phenotype can change considerably through the course of life as a result of environmental changes or aging. Different environments can lead to variable manifestations of an inherited trait. For example, the potential height of an individual is influenced by the amount of nutrition received from its environment. Identical twins with identical genetic material can express different physical and mental characteristics if they grow up in different environments. The influence that the environment bears upon the expression of an individual’s characteristics creates the basis for natural selection. According to this principle, the I strongest individuals, being those who have . developed the most suitable phenotype for their surrounding environment, will have a greater ! chance at survival. The survival advantage of these individuals enables them to multiply quickly i and efficiently and to transmit their “successful” i genotype to future generations. Although these changes are essential, transmittable, and do resemble genetic changes, there is in fact no change in the DNA itself, but only a change in the expression of certain genes, where some are weakened, and others are strengthened.
General Definition: The genotype is the internally coded and inheritable genetic makeup of a cell, an organism, or an individual. It is usually with reference to a specific characteristic that is under consideration and carried by the cells in all living organisms. In this sense, a genotype is principally a “blueprint” or a set of instructions that can be found within the cells of living organisms and controls all aspects of the life of a cell or organism. This “blueprint” can be found within most cells and is copied during cell division and reproduction, and is then passed onto subsequent generations. Architectural Definition: Inspired by the biological concept and usefulness of genotypes, architecture can use computers to simulate genotypes in a similar manner as to genetic programming and evolutionary algorithms. By way of this, genotypes can be used to devise systematic work-flows which incorporate diverse factors pertaining to a specific project. As a case in point, this could be the site, programmatic needs, sustainability, aesthetics, material attributes and socio-economic conditions. The utilisation of genotypes in architecture permits a great deal of customisation in a project, such as allowing the redesigning of individual parts to fit a project without redesigning an entire system if so required. 18 18. https://nocloudinthesky.wordpress.com/author/jonskerritt/
Wool-thread model to compute optimised detour path networks.20
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19. Marek Kolodziejczyk, Woolthread model to compute optimised detour path networks, Institute for Lightweight Structures (ILEK), Stuttgart, 1991
20. Image Source - Neil Leach Text - Digital City
21. http://playground.tensorflow. org/#activation=tanh&batchSize=20&dataset=xor®Dataset=reg-plane&learningRate=0.03®ularizationRate=0&noise=20&networkShape=4,3&seed=0.67574&showTestData=true&discretize=false&percTrainData=60&x=true&y=true&xTimesY=true&xSquared=true&ySquared=false&cosX=false&sinX=false&cosY=false&sinY=false&collectStats=false&problem=classification&initZero=false&hideText=false
Genotype in Architecture.20
Artificital creation of mutation for genome.20
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23. Image Source -- Http://www.Sony.co.in
26. Image Source -- Image Source -
22. Image Source -- Indhumati, La, Usa
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24. Image Source -- National Geographics WebSite’s Various Pages
-- National Geographics WebSite’s Various Pages
27. Image Source -- Author’
25. Image Source -- Author’s Various Visits
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28. Image Source -- National Geographics WebSiteâ€™s Various Pages
29. Image Source -- National Geographics WebSiteâ€™s Various Pages
How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 29
30. Image Source -- In Class Work In Grasshoper
Making a Form By Karamba20
31. Image Source -- In Class Work In Grasshoper
Making a Form By Karamba20
32. Image Source -- In Class Work In Grasshoper
Making a Form and Deformation By Karamba20
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33. Image Source -- In Class Work In Grasshoper
Making a Form and Applying some stratergies By Karamba20 Defination Help - Spurce Of Inrernet
34. Image Source -- In Class Work In Grasshoper
A Childâ€™s Photoshop Learning - make idea similar 20
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After the all process in the studio and analyzed the all information and try to evolutional and making a revolution in architecture design, Making new strategies base on the building and construction method of nature, and help of nature and making a part of environment which can help to avoids all kind of issue that emerge in the typical artificial human made construction. And therefore the world are more interested than ever in those natural systems to prevent the planet and making a without harmful to nature . In the process of building, architects have to look further than the local context of the environment. They have to see their project as a system to sub-system and microsystem which is part of as the bigger system. Instead of a closed system approach. This approach will help in the process of making sustainable and self-sufficient, ecological architecture. And as in nature, the decode of natural architecture can be the input of another system.Creating so a natural environmental supporting system and swarm intelligence in architecture and on the earth.
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GENETIC & BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO 2
INTRODUCTION TO GENETICS AND BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURE NATURE OBSESSION IN BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURE PROF. DDR. ALBERTO T. ESTÉVEZ,
35. A sentence from Prof. Neil Leach Guest workshop noted by Author
36. A sentence And Image Source from Prof. Neil Leach Guest workshop noted by Author
The studio Nature Obsession in Biodigital architecture is an exploration in a fabric with a floral as a matter of design in Architecture. Reaching from the topological figures of Floral conditions/ to Surface Articulation (veining, rippling, frazzling, smooth, movement, capturing the environment etc.) to the coloration and various chromatic effects. It is not just about creating beautiful form it is also an understanding of the beautiful conditions that can be created by the use of floral’s natural adoption of design or help of do and creat some situation to help environment to feed some way , but about explorations rooted within scientific, and membrane of natural algorithms with artificial intelligence insights. The manyfold expression of form can result in various contextual conditions which can be explored for their potentials as a performative surface as well as for context of city and natural form. The design features go through autoplastic to alloplastic.35
In Class Example , Prof. Neil Leach Studio Autoplastic = Subject adpots An environment and alloplastic = An environment adopt subject -- autoplastic to alloplastic.35 Autoplastic + Alloplastic = Symbiosis
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ENVIRONMENT? See the Above rectangle of Space ? 34 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
ENVIRONMENT? See the Above the rectangle of Space ? What is here? A dot. It is a small direct information of relation of Human and Envirnment How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 35
ENVIRONMENT? Zoom the dot ? Letâ€™s Start to think 36 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
ENVIRONMENT? We normaly think about the Black Dot in White space. What is Doing there? Ever Think about White Space near Black Dot? Letâ€™s start to think an example dot is human and white space is environment.
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ENVIRONMENT? Letâ€™s start to think an example dot is a human and white space is the environment. Be a part of this we never think about the local, micro, mini environment near by us. we are part of this but in our life is there any part of the environment? Think about the near by nature and the making adaptability in our life that is the merging the border line. Autoplastic = Subject adopts An environment and alloplastic = An environment adopts subject. This definition helps to make diffenctioantion in architecture and urban social habitat. Now we have to survive for this unconditional change in context on earth. From, Charles Darwin - Nature Selection to survive Law that is a mutation of on Ontological Modularity will be a Bio- Digital Architecture. That Includes Logical Independence: One of the most important logical concepts of modularity is given by the notion of conservatively. An ontology O2 is a conservative extension of O1 if all assertions made in the language of O1 that follow from O2 already follow from O1. Essentially, this means that O1 completely and independently specifies its vocabulary, with respect to O2. This concept can, for instance, be used to extract logically independent modules from a large ontology. While this notion of module, therefore, is important, it is also computationally difficult. Although proving conservative is undecidable for first-order logic and many expressive description logics (DL) , there are general algorithmic solutions for less expressive DLs . The simplest case of a conservative extension is a definitional extension, as it extends the vocabulary of an ontology O by new terms, whose meaning is entirely determined by the axioms given in O. Matching and Alignment: Matching and aligning ontologies focus on the identification of (thematically) overlapping parts of two ontologies (matching problem) and on systematically relating terms across ontologies that have been identified as, for instance, synonymous (alignment problem). As opposed to structuring and conservative, such relationships are often established by using statistical methods and heuristics, employing, for instance, similarity measures and probabilities. Integration and Connection Informally, an integration of two ontologies (O1 and O2) into a third ontology O is any operation by which O1, O2 are â€˜re-interpretedâ€™ from the(global) point of view of O. This has been utilized in the approach of (called semantic integration), which integrates two ontologies by mapping (or translating) them into a common reference ontology. The main feature here is that semantic consequence is preserved upwards to the reference ontology.
37. J. Hois et al. / Modular Ontologies for Architectural Design
Enviorment intigration in subject Alloplastic Aurovile - Pondychary, India
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38. Image Source -- Roger Anger Research On Beauty- By Anupuma Kundoo
MAN AND HIS ENVIRONMENT? Architecture plays a central role in the relationship between man and his environment. It gives expression to the various systems in which man functions, engendering social interaction and helping to shape his physical and mental well being. Architecture reflects the economic and political forces in whose framework it operates, and at times constitutes a central factor in their development. As with biological processes, where generic principles of operation are uniquely expressed through the interactions of living organisms, who derive nourishment from their environment, responding and adjusting themselves accordingly, so does architecture adjust itself to its surroundings. This adjustment is incarnated both through various physical contexts, and in relation to the cultural-social-political texture. Western thought in recent centuries, based on the Cartesian view, symbolizes above all the separation of man from nature. This is a dualistic view which relates to nature and culture as two separate categories, where man uses his intelligence to perfect his ability to control nature and to exploit it for his benefit. Taking into consideration the disastrous effects that human activity has inflicted upon the natural environment, and recognizing the great potential of incorporating practices from nature into architectural spaces, architecture has begun to rethink its approach.
39. Image Source -- http://www. fortunebuilders.com/new-york-cityreal-estate-market/
New York , Top View A difference Between Architecture and Nature39 Relating architecture to biology has enormous potential in Human context, both in light of environmental history of settlement, and in terms of the unique global and local challenges that it faces. As a country characterized by innovation and inventiveness, the interface between these disciplines constitutes an ideal space for realizing the potential that lies within the cross-fertilization of these disciplines. How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 39
FROM MACHINE TO ORGANISM
A house is a machine for living in. - Le Corbusier40 Biologically inspired architecture has had many precedents in the course of the 20th century, which was ruled by modernist construction and the mechanistic thinking on which it is based. The buildings of Otto Wagner, Frei Otto, Antoni Gaudi, Buckminster Fuller, amongst many others, were based on the morphological study of nature. The growing influence of nature is evident in the plethora of structures built from natural materials, and in the popular return to vernacular building, which inspired architects for generations, as Bernard Rudofsky suggested in the 1960’s in his book Architecture without Architects.41 In the 20th century the connection to nature constituted an alternative to the ruling modernist construction system, but it had a relatively marginal presences. The environmental damage caused by accelerated processes of industrialization and urbanization brought cultural interest in biology to the forefront. There was recognition of the need to treat nature, and the living systems existing within it, not only as a resource to be exploited, but also as a tissue necessary for the continuation of human existence. The onus shifted to integrating natural forces and processes rather than working against them. As a result, many architectural applications of environmentally adapted performance were developed which have transformed buildings into sources of energy: examples include platforms for growing plants and for nurturing their photosynthetic processes, the incorporation of recycling devices that minimize the emission of harmful waste, and the use of environmentally friendly construction materials and manufacturing processes. The renewed connection to nature affords new opportunities for thinking about architecture, urban and regional planning, design and manufacturing methods, aesthetic and morphological engineering concepts, and the incorporation of previously unused materials in construction. Perishable buildings produced from renewable sources,42 nano-climatic architecture that changes the climatic sensation in the buijding,43 interactive buildings that respond to changes of temperature,15 and cement that cures itself by means of bacteria are only a few examples of the diverse innovations which have been recently developed. While Bio-inspired architecture is still in an experimental stage of formulating its purpose, there is no doubt that its implications will transform the field of architecture. Conceptually, the infusion of biology into the architectural discipline can be seen as an expression of severance from the postmodern tradition in architecture, which emphasized the visual and its accompanying representational systems. The focus has been replaced by a material perception of the world, with an emphasis on mechanisms of emergence and performance. This view binds architectural discourse to an objective and ethical framework which in many senses was lacking in the architectural treatment of the visual that characterized preceding decades. New architectural approaches, rooted in computerized processes of growth simulation and artificial life, parametric design, and material-molecular performance reveal the great contribution that philosophy, specifically as regards the theoretical discourse of Deleuze and Guattari, has made towards architecture. Their treatment of concepts such as locality, situatedness, rhizomic strategies, “Bodies without organs”,44 and machinic assemblages constituted a significant factor in shaping the discourse.14 The theoretical infrastructure they created constituted a basis for academic and theoretical activity which additionally includes studies of organic algorithms and mechanisms of emergence by Greg Lynn and Alisa Andrasek, mechanisms of morphogenesis by Achim Menges, the study of rotting processes and biodegradation by Francois Roche, and treatment of the ‘New Materialism’ by Manuel DeLanda.
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40. Le Corbusier Redrawn: The Houses by Steven Park
41. Bernard Rudofsky, Architecture without architects: an introduction to nonpedigreed Architecture
42. Cloudscapes, Tetsua Kendo Architects, Japan, 43. Bloom, DOSU Studio Vrchitecture,
French philosopher Gilles Deleuze Quote
Gaudi Design ColĂ˛nia GĂźell church49 49. Image Source -- Author
Gaudi Gate Design from plant leafs45 45. Image Source -- Author
Gaudi Design from Prak guell46 46. Image Source -- Author
Gaudi Design from Sagrida Familia48 50. Image Source -- Author
Gaudi Design from Sagrida Familia48 48. Image Source -- Author
Al Wakrah Stadium By Zaha Hadid47 47. Image Source -- Zaha Hadid Architets
How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 41
What meanings are derived from the connection between architecture and biology ?
At the basis of the new connection between architecture and biology lies a revolt against anthropocentric conceptions.51 In the first volume of Peter Sloterdijk’s extensive trilogy Spheres,he claims that the humanist project has failed, and anoints biotechnology as its replacement. According to his view, the definition of what constitutes a human creature is expanded to include the coverings and life support systems, the Umwelt, that makes it possible for human creatures to breathe.52 Therefore architecture is an inseparable component in the definition of what constitutes a human being. In contrast to the modern perception which presupposes the existence of air, water, space and heat, it proposes, in light of the current ecological crisis, to internalize the fact that there no longer exists an ‘outside’ external to our living space. “We are enveloped, entangled, surrounded; we are never outside without having recreated another more artificial, more fragile, more engineered envelope. We move from envelopes to envelopes, from folds to folds, never from one private sphere to the Great Outside.’53 As such we cannot think about architecture without thinking about biology, just as it cannot be detached from information, communication, sociology, and politics etc. Approach towards dealing with concepts such as “matter of fact” and “matter of concern”, and delineates a transition from previous attempts at deciphering the laws of nature towards a position that recognizes man’s ability to take part in the design of phenomena that are considered natural. Deals with phenomena such as finding a cure for diseases, extending life expectancy, controlling genetic characteristics, and influencing weather amongst many others. Not only is nature disappearing as an “external aspect of man’s activity,” but the natural is becoming a synonym for “carefully managed,” “presented in a skilled fashion,” “artificially preserved,” “cleverly designed.” This process does not only apply to semiotic issues of meaning, but also to normative questions of good and evil. In this context the manner in which we perceive reality, and thus shape it, is related not only to nature in its ontological characterization, but also to assumptions and beliefs that shape our relationship to ourselves, to others and to the world. The space of nature is neither neutral nor homogeneous; biomimetic 1 processes in the field of architecture must examine the meaning of the systemiB from which they draw inspiration. Biological space, like human space, presents methods of operation that can be viewed in analogy to different ideological i perceptions. This includes the Darwinian perception as reflected in capitalist ideology, in contrast to altruistic patterns of behavior that also occur in nature, In adopting different models it is necessary to understand both their significance as well as the implications of transferring them onto the varying scales of diverse architectural spaces.
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51. . Rick Dolphijn and Iris van derTuin, Interview with Manuel DeLanda. New Materialism: Interviews and Cartographies. 52. Peter Sloterdijk,Bubbles: Spheres Volume I: Microspherology, Translated by Wieland Hoban
53. http://www.bruno-latour. fr/ sites/default/files/112-DESIGNCORNWALL-GB.pdf
54. Tom de wolf and tom Holvet “Emergence Versus self-organising Diffrent concept but promising when combined
55. J. Gould, Stephen, and Elisabeth S. Vbra. 1982. “Exaptation, a Missing Term in the Science of Form.”
56. Image Source -- Author
Emergence is the rise of a system that cannot be predicted or explained from antecedent conditions. Tightly linked to the concept of selforganization, it is too, the result of a dynamical process in which a large entity is formed by the interaction of its parts, maintaining coherence without external control. Emergence, though, requires novelty at the macro-level, with regards to the micro-level.54 The essence of emergence is tightly linked to life, on both scales of magnitude: from the individual organism, to the global scale of evolution. Looking at history as a continuous course of growing complexity, it is marked by stages of sudden changes, at which fundamentally new life-forms have appeared: the arising of life out of non-living matter (Abiogenesis); the origin of sexually reproducing forms; the rise of sentient animals with nervous systems; and finally the appearance of humans as cognitive animals. Although grounded in the conditions of the previous and simpler stage, each is intelligible only in terms of its own ordering principles, and therefore is a case of emergence. As with the global scale of evolution, the particular scale of the living organism is also the expression of the emergent properties of life. A single-celled bacterium is alive, but the mere combination of its constituting macromolecules will not result in a living form; the resulting characteristics of the bacterium could not be predicted. Life, as the biological organization matter in levels of increasing complexity, from the subatomic level to the entire biosphere, is Emergence. “Exaptation, a Missing Term in the Science of Form,” evolutionary biologists Steven J. Gould and Elisabeth Vrba introduced a non-teleo- logical framework for the emergence of biological form. In addition to evolutionary features built by natural selection for a specific purpose (adaptations, from ad + aptus, toward a fit), they identified fea- tures evolved autonomously, and only later coopted for a specific role (exaptations, from ex + aptus, fit by reason of its form).55 End of, result neither did form inevitably follow function, nor a practical, utili- tarian goal a necessary condition for its emergence.
Emegrgence Study , Celluar Automota Grasshoper Asssigment - In Studio , Uic, Barcelona48
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Self- Orgatnization ? Self-organisation in nature describes complex biological or ecological systems that behave in a non centralized manner and create complex organic patterns and arrangements.Biological structures are assembled from the bottom-up, a necessary factor within all growth processes, since no overriding scaffold or external direction apart from environmental stress is upon on the process. Self-organization encompasses notions of spontaneous and dynamically produced adaptive organization within the natural world. These processes are attributed today to complex systems in various fields, such as transportation, communication and computer science. The phenomenon of a global pattern that emerges out of multiple undirected interactions within a system’s lower hierarchal levels characterizes systems in chemistry, biology and physics; many systems in nature spontaneously organize themselves into a variety of different macroscopic forms, such as stripes, droplets, bubbles, etc. In biology this pattern can be seen at various levels, starting from protein folding and the creation of cell membranes, trough the creation of germ colonies, and up to complex social behavior within a species, or different species in the eco-system, such as the behavior of flocks of birds and schools of fish, bee swarms and termite colonies. The capacity for self-assembly of the living organism includes management of seif-configuration, faculty for self-optimization in changing environmental conditions, and the ability to self-repair/heal. In architecture, one can observe complex systems that are created by self-organization at an environmental and urban scale down to the scale of materials and nano-materials. The concept of self-organization is one of the central characteristics of complex open systems. In such systems, clear organizational patterns can be identified within chaotic, non-linear, unstable and non-casual states. This can be observed in complex systems such as cities, where many agents operate locally and independently in a bottom-up process of self-organization, regardless of top-down planning efforts. The use of mechanisms of self-organization has been taken by architects and engineers to material contexts as well. It is a founding principle for structural form finding, where a material or components of a material system achieve structural stability as a result of the material’s properties, in reaction to the forces applied to it and its boundary conditions. Relying on the material’s inherent capacities, this leads to optimized performance by spatial organization, ft has been serving as a structural model, morphogenetic process and as a construction methods. On the nanometric scale, in Biology internal forces and high levels of proximity between particles generate processes of self-assembly, in turn composing materials of high performance.
Gaudi’s Up Side Down Sagrida Familia Model, At Sagrida Musume, Barceloana, Spain48
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57. Image Source -- Author
Hierarchical material? The hierarchical structure of biological materials is an integral part of their design, making no distinction between material and structure. Since raw biological material is in itself weak, brittle and soft, its strength and stiffness are achieved through its layered internal architecture. Examples of structures studied for their hierarchical material structure include all types of organic building blocks, of both simple and composite materials, ranging from the cellulose-based Honey Comb. The spatial arrangement of elements, from the nano to the micro level, determines the structureâ€™s behavior. The â€œBouligand structure,â€? a twisted like arrangement of elements, strengthens resist predatorial attacks; the same structure makes the Arapaima It fish scales resistant to penetration, by enabling o the dynamic reorientation of its composing.
58. Image Source -- Author
Honey Comb -- Natural Matrial Of honey bee house48
Structure as material - Architecture as Art, Milan, Italy59 59. Image Source -- Author
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Insperition Form 60
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60. Image Source -- Http:// www.nationalgeographic.com
61. Image Source -- Author
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63. Image Source -- Author
Design Idea Phase
Design Idea Phase
Design Idea Phase Stage 60
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Design Idea Phase Stage 60
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Design Idea Phase Stage 60
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Design Idea Phase Stage 60
66. Image Source -- Author
In Class Design- Studio
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67. Image Source -- Author
Design Idea Phase Stage 60
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Design Idea Phase Stage 60
69. Image Source -- Author
Design Idea Phase Stage 60
In Class Design- Studio
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Project Summry The project is studying the biology, morphology, and implanted to new ideas. Here, Author tries to make a flower plunge movement as a pavilion and helping the environment. the structure gives shadow at the time of sun and closes it with sun movement like sun flower do as same, to relevant smarm intelligence and artificial intelligence. also, the structure allows growing creepers on that for beauty purpose but also an advantage , from vegetation we can get a vegetable fresh. also, the support structure of bammbo inside put a net and make a structure, small honey comes in a produced water from the air that clean water can use to give water to plan also can use for a drink. An environment system a part of it is autoplastic architecture. and grow widely without making and troubling in the natural systems. The Subject is also knowen as symbiosis project, to get mutual understanding with nature it self.
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70. Image Source -- Author
Final Stage Of Project 60
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On the planet, all beings are criticized on beauty. But in nature, a beauty is architecture, micro level of architecture is make a world beautiful, which is an act of god. Beauty is all about personal preference, And these preferences are in most of the cases bound to meaning on especially the case when we speak about human-made artificial objects that time an architecture and beauty divided into two parts. Beauty in the context of art and architecture after the evolves composition, balance, and harmony, joint of some act of space. In most cause post-modern, modern, traditional portal of architecture. This is implicit properties of architecture. On the contrary of what we see in nature. Itâ€™s all there, shown in its complexity, structure, coloration, shape, and context with an environment. Expertly we created a part in an environment between natural beauty and artificial beauty. After all, this artificial beauty is not a part of the architecture. So here One can start to see, be part of nature, nature is beauty and architecture together, the use of way as digital but in-code with nature of exploration to understand how nature deals with beauty, organization, within an environmental mini, micro etc. All level system to survive better. This studio gives new â€œGeneticsâ€œ algorithmic generation of design in an Architecture. Architecture in beauty in context with nature.
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GENETIC & BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO 3
METAPHYSICS, COMPUTATION AND ALGORITHMS IN GENETIC PROF. KARL S. CHU
71. A sentence from Prof. Neil Leach Guest workshop at Iconastic tower Workshop Delhi, India on July 2014 noted by Author
72. A sentence from Prof. Karl Chu Studio Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author
â€œNature And Neutrality Both Are Side Of Architectureâ€? 71This sentence take an introduction on a new way of nature and number which want to neutral at the end of system and productivity of the system. When starting the learning a coding that time we realized all of the flow is from number only, nothing in a physical word and sentence. But All are encrypted data. Ther is 1092 Bites of Information in a solar system and how many solar systems in a galaxy?72 At the total information remain inside not come out form the system it self just want to decryption to invent the word, sentence or a design etc.. form the computation and algorithms and wen the summarized a totally positive and negative value of all system in the galaxy it should be zero as always. so number rearrangements give an algorithm. A computation is base on the number, and will implant on Bio- Digital architecture on Metaphysics. Metaphysics also a part of genetic architecture and Digital paradigm. Dna, Rna, all of the genes doing a coding it self-system and also decoding the data itself, Similar this type of computation works in all of nature and architecture. Here, we started with a basic of rules and the elaborate the numbers and rules in nature and a help of that making a digital computation paradigm of computational architecture through technology we can implant by 3d models of realistic design module and extract from nature for an architecture purpose.
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What Is Architecture ? = Puting a Bite Togather. In Digital Form 73 This studio is teach about the numaric metaphiscs and consciousness in architecture with a complex system through all science filed, Biology, Phisyics, Chimastry how they are interconected in numaric value. through the studio the process of pardigeam with conacted on natural habbitat structure and invole truly with deepest deafination. “Summit of consciousness” a special way of thinking very intensely, a sort of enthusiasm produced when the brain warms up? For this is the only kind of “consciousness” we know in the West. For us, consciousness is always a mental process: “I think, therefore I am.” Such is our own particular bias; we place ourselves at the center of the world and bestow the gift of consciousness upon all those who shareour way of being and perceiving things. Not so long ago, we marveled that one could be Persian. However, if we want to understand and discover what consciousness truly is, and utilize it, we must indeed go beyond this narrow perspective.74
Aurovile - Pondychary, Uncesco Site, India75 54 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
73. A sentence from Prof. Karl Chu Studio Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author
74. Satprem-Sri-Aurobindo-or-The-Adventure-of-Consciousness.pdf Ch- 5 Consciousness
75. Image Source -- Roger Anger - Research On Beauty- By Anupuma Kundoo
From Consciousness see the world deeply the chaper of this studio take a visialization from Computation and Genatic. To explore more in deep nature. Study Genetics is the 76. Windeispecht, Michael, Genetics 101, Greenwood Press, Westport, 2007, P.1
77. Bentley, Peter J. and Come, David W„ Creative Evolutionary Systems, Academic Press, San Diego, 2002, P.280
78. Image Source -- http://www. age-of-the-sage.org/evolution/ charles_darwin/tree_of_life.html
79. Darwin, Charles. “On the Origin of Species”. — Chapter 4, Natural Selection
study of inheritance it is broad science that examines the molecular basis of inheritance at the cellular level, the transmission of traits from generation to generation, and the movement of genes within and between populations.76 The understanding of forms from another perspective than totality is crucial for de evolution of architecture. In nature forms are breed through an explo¬ration of possibilities in the genotypes. Genes are passed from generation to generation. External factors, which increase variation, are taken in consideration in this evolutionary process, which enlarge the variation of its expression, the phenotype. Genetic programming is an extension of the genetic algorithm described in John Holland’s pioneering book Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems. Genetic programming applies a genetic algorithm to search the space of possible computer programs. Genetic programming progressively breeds a population of computer programs over a series of generations by starting with a primordial ooze of thousands of randomly created computer programs and using the Darwinian principle of natural selection, recombination, mutation, gene duplication, gene deletion, and certain mechanisms of developmental biology77. Genetic architecture addressed architecture from the paradigm of genetic.It addresses architecture also as computable information which by giving artificial intelligence it is capable of self-organization, mutation and evolving. The idea of self-growing architecture is not new, but thanks to computation and science it doesn’t seem that far away any more. As architecture has entered the digital world and it has become the art of putting Bits together. The L-system was introduced to the studio lends it selves for the processing of information with rules and variables.As a variant of a formal grammar, the system makes use of the logic of growth to generate plants models.And this logic cannot only be use to generate the growth of plants but it can be use to as well to generate other forms. Such as architectural bodies and structures.
L system Skech/ Tree of Life By
“Owing to this struggle for life, any variation, however slight and from whatever cause proceeding, if it be in any degree profitable to an individual of any species, in its infinitely complex relations to other organic beings and to external nature, will tend to the preservation of that individual, and will generally be inherited by its offspring. The offspring, also, will thus have a better chance of surviving, for, of the many individuals of any species which are periodically born, but a small number can survive. I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term of Natural Selection, in order to mark its relation to man’s power of selection.”79Self Grow Architecture is a part of power of selection. How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 55
Generative systems Generative systems can be use in many different ways for architectural purposes.The system capacities to explore all type of possibilities are way more advance than the traditional one use today in architecture. In the future architects will be able to breed their design from given specifications or a data base.Their design could be tested to all ≡ possible environmental situation, aesthetical preferences, structure possibilities, etc. elements of nature starting withhaveplacement The elements of The nature starting with ARCHITECTURE. Every elements their Owen Design module. Historically the credit of discovery of the fact that [Information] ARCHITECTURE. It amber crats small
of bites to big rubbed with wool or silk cloth attracts light objects goes to Thales of Miletus, Greece, complex that visualized as a design, around 600 BC. The name electricity isData coined structure from the Greek wordshould elektron meaning space Every amber. Many such pairs of materialsand wereinformation. known which on rubbing couldelements attract light have their Owen objects like straw, pith balls and bits module. of papers. You can performstart the following activity to galaxy. Design Example with atom at home to experience such an effect. Cut out long thin strips of white paper and lightly iron them. Take them near a TVscreenorcomputermonitor.Youwill see that the strips get attracted to the screen. In fact they remain stuck to the screen for a while.80 The elements water is any movement any form of the solid, liquid or air. Water accept in liquid from in normal nature, And accept the drop of water form other side making a volume of genration or accept any liquied from and made some diffrent liquied. That is genrative systems. Getting all information and every collection of information mean library. 10
80. NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Physics
81. Image Source -- http://www. explainthatstuff.com
Atom Architecture Expresstion
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Atom Genrative System make diffrent System82
82. Image Source -- Author made in Autocad
Property Of Generative systems
83. Jon McCormack, Alan Dorin, Troy Innocent,Generative design a paradigm for design research . Electronic Media 2004 p-3
84. Image Source -- www.digital-photo-secrets.com
The key properties of generative systems can besummarized as: • The ability to generate complexity, many orders of magnitude greater than their specification. This is commonly referred to as database amplification, whereby interacting components of a given complexity generate aggregates of far greater behavioural and/or structural complexity. Such aggregates may in turn generate their own interactions forming new aggregates of even higher sophistication and complexity. This is referred to as a dynamic hierarchy. A poignant example being complex multi-cellular organisms, whose hierarchy can be summarized: atom; molecule; organelle; cell; organ; organism; ecosystem. • The complex and interconnected relationship between organism and environment. Organisms not only evolve and adapt to their environment, their presence and number may effect and change the environment itself. Interand intra- species dependencies form a complex web of relations (an ecosystem), within which there are often many feedback loops. Thesesystems are typically homeostatic. That is, they actively maintain their state in order to offset environmental changes. • The ability to self-maintain and self-repair. Human-designed structures are typically brittle either in a physical or functional sense. As stated above, generative systems may adapt themselves to maintain stable configurations within a changing environment. • Swarm systems for example can overcome significant disruption and individual loss, reforming and adapting their behavioral function to survive. They exhibit flatulence and have a high degree of internal redundancy, giving them the ability to overcome that would limit a more fragile design. • The ability to generate novel structures behavior outcomes or relationships. Novelty this sense means the quality of being new original and different from anything else before it. There are of course, different dgrees of novelty. RNA and DNA were novel in that they introduced a completely new mechanism for replication and encoding of protein synthesis. Artists and designers are always seeking novelty (the opposite of which is mimicry or copying, something depreciated in the art and design world). Artistic novelty may not have such a significant impact as, for example, DNA, but the key concept is that of the new — generative systems have the potential to give rise to genuinely new properties. This is why they are often referred to as emergent systems. These new properties typically fall outside the designer’s expectations or conceptualizations for the design, resulting in functionality or outcomes that were not anticipated. This of course raises the issue of control, a problematic issue for generative design, particularly if the designer is accustomed to organizing outcomes in a predictable way.83
Atom Genrative System in Water84 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 57
Generative systems Project
The elements of cosmic of Galaxy, forces in space felid within a galaxy it be both way as positives and negative , if the distance we don’t count (absolute infinity ) , than get a charges.85
85. NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Physics
When we touch a pith ball with an electrified plastic rod, some of the negative charges on the rod are transferred to the pith ball and it also gets charged. Thus the pith ball is charged by contact. It is then repelled by the plastic rod but is attracted by a glass rod which is oppositely charged. However, why a electrified rod attracts light objects, is a question we have still left unanswered. Let us try to understand what could be happening by performing the following experiment. (i) Bring two metal spheres, A and B, supported on insulating stands, in contact as shown in Fig. ii) Bringapositivelychargedrodnearoneofthespheres,sayA,taking care that it does not touch the sphere. The free electrons in the spheres are attracted towards the rod. This leaves an excess of positive charge on the rear surface of sphere B. Both kinds of charges are bound in the metal spheres and cannot escape. They, therefore, reside on the surfaces, as shown in Fig.The left surface of sphere A, has an excess of negative charge and the right surface of sphere B, has an excess of positive charge. However, not all of the electrons in the spheres have accumulated on the left surface of A. As the negative charge starts building up at the left surface of A, other electrons are repelled by these. In a short time, equilibrium is reached under the action of force of attraction of the rod and the force of repulsion due to the accumulated charges. Fig. shows the equilibrium situation. The process is called induction of charge and happens almost instantly. The accumulated charges remain on the surface, as shown, till the glass rod is held near the sphere. If the rod is removed, the charges are not acted by any outside force and they redistribute to their original neutral state. Separate the spheres by a small distance while the glass rod is still held near sphere A, as shown in Fig. The two spheres are found to be oppositely charged and attract each other. Remove the rod. The charges on spheres rearrange themselves as shown in Fig. Now, separate the spheres quite apart. The charges on them get uniformly distributed over them, as shown in Fig. Charles Augustin de Coulomb’s Law Of Charges Forces In Space As a simple application of the notion of electric flux, let us consider the total flux , which encloses a point charge q at its center Charles Augustin de Coulomb’s Law Of Charges 86. Image Source-- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Physics
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As a simple application of the notion of electric flux, let us consider the total flux , which encloses a point charge q at its center
87. Image Source-- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Physics
Forces In Space Fulx Filed in space
How works in space
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Real scenario How it working in nature An amorphous solid (Greek amorphos = no form) consists of particles of irregular shape. Solids can be classified as crystalline or amorphous on the basis of the nature of order present in the arrangement of their constituent particles. A crystalline solid usually consists of a large number of small crystals, each of them having a definite characteristic geometrical shape. In a crystal, the arrangement of constituent particles (atoms, molecules or ions) is ordered. It has long range order which means that there is a regular pattern of arrangement of particles which repeats itself periodically over the entire crystal. Sodium chloride and quartz are typical examples of crystalline solids. An amorphous solid (Greek amorphos = no form) consists of particles of irregular shape. The arrangement of constituent particles (atoms, molecules or ions) in such a solid has only short range order. In such an arrangement, a regular and periodically repeating pattern is observed over short distances only. Such portions are scattered and in between the arrangement is disordered. The structures of quartz (crystalline) and quartz glass (amorphous) are shown in Fig. (a) and (b) respectively. While the two structures are almost identical, yet in the case of amorphous quartz glass there is no long range order. The structure of amorphous solids is similar to that of liquids. Glass, rubber and plastics are typical examples of amorphous solids. Due to the differences in the arrangement of the constituent particles, the two types of solids differ in their properties. 88. Image Source -- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Chemistry
Network Structure of diamond
Sturcture of grephite
Two dimensional structure of , a) quartz and b) quartz glass
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Dielectrics are non-conducting substances. In contrast to conductors, they have no (or negligible number of ) charge carriers. what happens when a conductor is placed in an external electric field. The free charge carriers move and charge distribution in the conductor adjusts itself in such a way that the electric field due to induced charges opposes the external field within the conductor. This happens until, in the static situation, the two fields cancel each other and the net electrostatic field in the conductor is zero. In a dielectric, this free movement of charges is not possible. It turns out that the external field induces dipole moment by stretching or re-orienting molecules of the dielectric. The collective effect of all the molecular dipole moments is net charges on the surface of the dielectric which produce a field that opposes the external field. Unlike in a conductor, however, the opposing field so induced does not exactly cancel the external field. It only reduces it. The extent of the effect depends on the nature of the dielectric. To understand the effect, we need to look at the charge distribution of a dielectric at the molecular level.
89. Image Source -- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Chemistry
A portion Of three Dimensional cubic lattice and its cell.
Cell Atome architecture electrons place designation.
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Contain and content
In order to use generative systems, one has to understand architecture from another perspective than the formalistic approach.Today contemporary architecture are basically container. Buildings are able to house and contain anything. In other words one and the same building can shift its function in an instance, from market to cinema. And even though this flexibility is the essence of modern architecture its forms the main obstacle in the evolution of architecture. To start one has to approach architecture from its content. This requires a total different approach, as the content of a building cant be shifted from one content to an other. I.e. A pyramid is an example of building which is build according to its content. The architectural program or content of a building can be compare to the DNA of a biological organism. And DNA can be modified but it cannot be totally replaced.90
90. A sentence from Prof. Karl Chu Studio Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author
How the shared position n forces with other neighbor to bond which is define the manipulating, and behavior characteristics and appearance also
91. Image Source -- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Chemistry
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Color in the coordination compounds can be readily explained in terms of the crystal field theory. and depends on the various charges and their bonds and their physical positions
92. National Geography Page, Image Source National Geography
93. A sentence from Prof. Karl Chu Studio Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author
Chameleon odds are that when you do see a chameleon change its color, itâ€™s probably trying to broadcast its mood rather than evade predators. Nevertheless, the animal kingdom is filled with amazing color-changers, several of which dramatically outdo the chameleon clan in the skill of rapid-fire camouflage.92
Biological body = architectural body = container DNA = architectural program = content93 Architecture Example - Frenk Ghery , Designed Hotel In Spain94
94. Image Source -- Frenk Ghery LLP.
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Self Organization The capacity of self organization is characteristic which technique is still been developed by scientist, and not yet available in a large scale. However it is been use as the base study field in nano-technology. The concept of self-organization could be the biggest improvement in architectural manufacturing and construction field. Once this technique is available building will be self-buildable, but for the moment this can only be explored in cyberspace. But in natural polymer chain we can see this type of Organization
A polymer is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits. Because of their broad range of properties, both synthetic and natural polymers play an essential and ubiquitous role in compounds of structure.
Drugs inhibit any of the above mentioned activities of enzymes. These can block the binding site of the enzyme and prevent the binding of substrate, or can inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Such drugs are called enzyme inhibitors.Drugs inhibit the attachment of substrate on active site of enzymes in two different ways; Drugs compete with the natural substrate for their attachment and second force fully artifical chemical reaction.
Image Source -- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Chemistry
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One needs to understand that information, in order to be information it needs to have an order. This order can be describe as a language. When information is send from sender (X) receiver (Y) booth as a system needs to be able to understand the language. X needs to encode the message in a structure which Y is able to decipher in order to process the message. Even though it’s true that the sender is the one who gives the information a structure/ it have been prove that in nature “dissected’ information contains a structure of its own. This matter has been researched by Maxwell/ Boltzmann. Gibbs. Szilard, and Shannon.Their research established the fact that free energy contains information, and that it can thus be seen as the source of the order and complexity of living systems.1 Nature, Have Simplest way to store information by mathmatics and number postion,
Image Source -- NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 & 2 book of Chemistry
1 Avery, John. Information theory and evolution, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., London 2003 P 73
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Differentiation The performance parameters of organisms are determined by several types of cells, which carry out various functions. Differentiation describes the process wherein a cell becomes specialized, and transforms from a generic multipotent cell into one that is distinct in form and function. It is the vital process of all stages of life in multicellular organisms, from the embryonic development of a single cell into a fully developed organism to the regeneration and healing in adult organisms. The chemical operations of differentiation can occur in both space and time. A tisue can evolve from an embryonic state into a fully formed adult state marked by more developed characteristics, through change over time, in a process known as histogenesis. Regionalization refers to those changes classified by area, where foripstance a homogenous mass of tissue is transformed into distinct areas with different properties, as with the bone and the tendon. Throughout the process, properties such as cell shape, size, metabolism and response to signals, change so that the cell becomes specialized and suited to perform its specific role. When physical forces are involved in the process of determining final forms and positions in space, the process falls under the umbrella of Morphogenesis. Architecture traditionally creates variation by means of form or choice of material. Differentiation, as a natural strategy embraced by architecture, introduces the notion ofvariatiorv of properties occurring through the material itself. Referring to the biological definition, regional differentiation is discussed here, while architectural time-based variation is discussed under Adaptability. Engineered materials enable local differentiation by their internal structure; whichâ€™ can vary as the material builds up gradually. Common examples for materials that build up as a spatial construct include textiles and composites. Textiles are formed through the three-dimensitional arrangement of fibers through knitting, weaving, braiding, felting etcpfeanges in parameters such as pattern, density, or fiber types can take place within the continuous resulting textile surface, affecting its local properties and behavior Similarly, the construction of fiber composites as a laminate, through the layering up of fabrics (or fibers) in a pattern and their impregnation with resin, resultsfn aplfiferentiated material of heterogeneous propertie materiaI is engineered as a response to the required performance of the end product. Rapid prototyping technologies construct materials gradually, by the succession of thin layers of material. Standard 3D printing with a single material is evolving towards multi material printing with the ability to dynamically mix, grade and vary the ratios of material properties. Differentiation of the material opens up possibilities for optimization towards required performance and efficient use of material, for the design and fabrication of functional elements.
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Metaphsics Mathematics. It is usually assumed that mathematics concerns itself with the study of arbitrarily general abstract systems. Steaphan Wolframe that there are actually a vast range of abstract systems based on simple programs that traditional mathematics has never considered. And because these systems are in many ways simpler in construction than most traditional systems in mathematics it is possible with appropriate methods in effect to go further in investigating them.
96. Image Source STEPHEN WOLFRAM, A New Kind Of Science Ch-3 Page 55
95. STEPHEN WOLFRAM, A New Kind Of Science Ch-1 Page 8
Rules In Nature by Celluar Automota on Natural Mathmatics 96 And one of the consequences of this complexity is that it leads to fundamental limitations on the idea of proof that has been central to traditional mathematics. The traditional mathematical approach to science has historically had its great success in physicsâ€”and by now it has become almost universally assumed that any serious physical theory must be based on mathematical equations. Yet with this approach there are still many common physical phenomena about which physics has had remarkably little to say. But with the approach of thinking in terms of simple programs that I develop in this book it finally seems possible to make some dramatic progress. And indeed in the course of the book we will see that some extremely simple programs seem able to capture the essential mechanisms for a great many physical phenomena that have previously seemed completely mysterious.95 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 67
Process Of Evolution ≡ Process Of Evolution
≡ Void & Information
≡ Transform Information
Cube and Information on Angle
≡ Cube and Information Angle
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≡ In Side & Out Side Option Floor V/S Facade Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software
Formula of one ≡ Formaula Of one cubo cuboids manipulate
≡ Formaula Of one cuboids
Formula of one cuboids manipulate the Manipulate surface and point through the opposite forces
≡ Manipulate the surface and point through the opposite forces
≡ Manipulate the surface and point through the opposite forces
≡ Series of Option which exempt in Design Process
≡ Series of Option which exempt in Design Process Series of option which exmpt in design process
& Out Side Option V/S Facade Option Inside & Outside Option Floor v/s Facade Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 69
Other Possibility Other Posiblity
Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software 70 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
Plain For ever
≡ Void Void ≡
Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 71
Plain For every module of join
Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software 72 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
â‰¡Type of manipulating Trough point and surface
Type of manipulating through point and surface
Image Source- Made In studio class of Prof. Karl Chu in Mathmatica Software How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 73
The design project presented emerges and beauty in a specific rule sets acting on several levels which are all through a decode a present a rule, the assemblage of the full frame was manually executed on point of metabolism of itself, but the rules were also strictly followed, with no room for personal interpretations, since the location and type of each molecule is determined by the natural matrix created on layer which in turn, also feeds another spread layer the emanating numeric values for the assemblage with a strict logic that determines propagation, direction and amount of growth and amount of dead end. Each level Is in charge of specific functions and contributes assembly information to the next level based on numeric rules, hence even though it was self-system in order to generate the final form automatically, mainly due to time constraints and threshold of genome in numbers, a matter of time to elaborate a rules that when executed would automatically generation of number, each of them completely different from the previous one, but still a member of the same phylum and on same membrane . Self-beauty with an organization on numbers. It must be noted that, although there were rules set to determine vertical growth based on a cellular automata which base on decade in the number and create rules, but basically is already in system just proper need of decoding, itâ€™s not a innovation its already part of system that takes references from neighbour cells in order to determine further growth, which could have been used to determine horizontal growth as well, in the absence of external references, the decision to manually determine also when was taken as an expression of that lack of external references. Possibility of million options grow on through these technology and methods one the think a new way of the process, and by go itself in system really put to in architecture approach gives more possibility of beauty with good variable of pylon of design. Architecture the look like type and not in by process to develop better that is criticism so as a result this studio take a way beyond form traditional architecture where traditional architecture ruin some suitability to built sustainability and self-sufficient architecture but this way is give fully different path. Here is started new generation of architecture future most basic pylon of where the future starting to grows.
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GENETIC & BIODIGITAL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN FUTURE CERTIFICATION INTRODUCTION TO BIO STATISTICAL LAW FOR FUTURE CERTIFICATION FORM BIO ARCHITECTURE BODY
97. A Definition note, in “Bio Academy”- Class lecture on biology and laws by Author
Enrolled in an architecture school, they teach a local architecture body’s laws and After the graduation from architecture school for the practice, Architect needs a license form a local body. Which contains that architect have knowledge fo local law of architecture. The law includes all type of space and design like parking space minimum requirement, open structure in min area, a slop of ramp etc. Today, very vast research is ongoing in all our the world, in susutenablity, self-sustanible etc by leed laws. But biology research needs some prevents and specified module of care. Also, is going through under a local government’s laws and international laws to allow the laboratory to do research on basis of the laboratory certificate, Also WHO- World health organization involves the part of laws and safety, they passing through their Owen guideline and also accepted by united nation, to prevent the research in control, because of today’s new weapon is bio weapon, some country are developing this kind of weapon for war purpose only, not only research and help to humanity and nature. Biological warfare/BW also known as germ warfare is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.97 So Research going for positive and negative side that’s definition of biology research put the Bio-digital architecture in future of this category to the new side of innovation for help nature and servile the humans better on planet, so organization take care that it not takes behind the bioweapon and control by the biosafety laws by locally and internationally and ruin the humanity.
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Now, All factors are under the law nothing is outside of the boundary of law and governing, by in every part of a layer from various systems with combined and combinations. Today, the Convention is the main international instrument for addressing biodiversity issues. It provides a comprehensive and holistic approach to the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of natural resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits deriving from the use of genetic resources.98 After the Leed, one step ahead of a new level and the new agency will start to work in bio-architecture with some international and national agency with WHO and Some various local guidelines. but Biosafety and lab work and research are combined in Bio-digital Architecture, but post-production and pre-production that two part of the issue will go through this field so Bio- Architecture need some different law schedule like Leed in the US, GIHA in the India etc. In future after some system of development will take bio-digital architecture towards Biosafety is one of the issues for new technics which is addressed by the this Convention. This concept refers to the need to protect human health and the environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of modern biotechnology and some control of research towards weapon technology. At the same time, modern biotechnology is recognized as having a great potential for the promotion of architecture and environment particularly in meeting planet critical needs for food, agriculture, and health care within on context of natural that will all issues try to solve out by Bio-Digital Architecture. The Convention clearly recognizes all aspects of modern biotechnology in Architecture. On the one hand, it provides for the access to and transfer of technologies, that are relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity so that take seek, to ensure the development of appropriate procedures to enhance the safety of biotechnology in the context of the Conventionâ€™s overall goal of reducing threats, taking also into account the risks to human health. Various Conference of Convention established an Open-ended on Biosafety to develop a draft protocol on biosafety, focusing specifically on transboundary movement of any living modified organism resulting from modern biotechnology that may have an adverse effect on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. After several years of negotiations, local authority tries to change and update laws. The conclusion of the Biosafety Protocol has been hailed as a significant step forward in that it provides an international regulatory framework to reconcile the respective needs of trade and environmental protection with respect to a rapidly growing new ideas and technologies. The Protocol thus creates an enabling environment for the environmentally sound application of biotechnology in architecture, making it possible to derive maximum benefit from the potential that biotechnology has to offer, while minimizing the possible risks to the environment. 76 How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
98. Cartagena protocol on biosafety to the convention on biological diversity, introduction, p-1
CONTEXT Risk Group 1 (no or low individual and community risk)
A microorganism that is unlikely to cause human or animal disease. Risk Group 2 (moderate individual risk, low community risk)
A pathogen that can cause human or animal disease but is unlikely to be a serious hazard to laboratory workers, the community, livestock or the environment. Laboratory exposures may cause serious infection, but effective treatment and preventive measures are available and the risk of spread of infection is limited. Risk Group 3 (high individual risk, low community risk)
A pathogen that usually causes serious human or animal disease but does not ordinarily spread from one infected individual to another. Effective treatment and preventive measures are available. Risk Group 4 (high individual and community risk)
99. Laboratory Biosaftey Manual, By WHO Geniva 2004, Ch-1, Introdection P-1
A pathogen that usually causes serious human or animal disease and that can be readily transmitted from one individual to another, directly or indirectly. Effective treatment and preventive measures are not usually available.99
l and the new agency will start to work in bio-architecture with some international and national agency with WHO and Some various local guidelines. but Biosafety and lab work and research are combined in Bio-digital Architecture, but post-production and pre-produ Here, the note show the bio risk group every stage and go through the risk deeply, In spain, Work will done with Spainsh law than EU laws after that International Laws and WHO laws. When, the filed is starting to grow like, here is references from Bio-Digital Architecture, where author is research on this phase of laws
100. Image Source -- http://www.dezeen. com/2014/07/25/movie-silk-leaffirst-man-made-synthetic-biological-leaf-space-travel/
The â€œfirst man-made biological leafâ€? could enable humans to colonise space, Chloroplasts suspended in silk protein.100
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Melchiorri’s Silk Leaf project, which he developed as part of the Royal College of Art’s Innovation Design Engineering course in collaboration with Tufts University silk lab, consists of chloroplasts suspended in a matrix made out of silk protein.101
Chloroplasts - “The material is extracted directly from the fibres of silk,” Melchiorri explains. “This material has an amazing property of stabilising molecules. I extracted chloroplasts from plant cells and placed them inside this silk protein. As an outcome I have the first photosynthetic material that is living and breathing as a leaf does.”102
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101. ImageSource--http://www. dezeen.com/2014/07/25/moviesilk-leaf-first-man-made-syntheticbiological-leaf-space-travel/
102. ImageSource--http://www. dezeen.com/2014/07/25/moviesilk-leaf-first-man-made-syntheticbiological-leaf-space-travel/
ESARQ School Of Architecture, Uic Barcelona, Director Prof. Alberto T. Estevez Work Publish In CLOT Magazine and Magazine Web Patrol 103 103. http://www.clotmag.com/ alberto-estevez
Image Source -- Author
Datora Flower CT scan For Genatic And Bio-Digital Architecture Studio104
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What rules / standards locally, nationally and internationally apply?
* Real Decreto 1716/2011, November 18th . This law establishes the minimum requirements for license and use the biobanc content for biomedic spanish reseach * Orden ECC/1404/2013, June 28th . Modify the Real Decreto 1716/2011 about mínimum requirements for license and use biobancs content for biomedics spanish reseach * Law 14/2007, July 3rd . About Biomedical Research * Real Decreto 65/2006, January 30th . Requirements for import and export biological samples * Law 54/2003, December 12th . Ocupational hazards. * Real Decreto 665/1997, May 12th . Carcinogens protection * Real Decreto 664/1997, May 12th . Biologicals agents protection. * Technic Guided . About hazards related to biological agents exposition. * Law 9/2003, April 25th . About confinement, voluntary release and marketing of genetically modified organisms. European Rules
* European Treaty number 164 . Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. * Orden ECC/1404/2013, June 28th . Modify the Real Decreto 1716/2011 about mínimum requirements for license and use biobancs content for biomedics spanish reseach * Directive 2008/98/EC on waste . European Waste Framework directive. * Laboratory Biorisk Management Standard (Visit web page). (Download) . CEN (CEN is the European Committee for Standardization, Comité Européen de Normalisation)/WS 055 - Guidance Document for CWA 15793:2008 * European directive 90/219/EEC. April 23th . Contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms World Rules
* IHR (2005): a multi-hazard dimension. World Health Organization . Strengthening health security by implementing the International Health Regulations. * Laboratory Biosafety Manual. World Health Organization . * Paris, October 21th to November 12th 1997. 29 Session . Declaration about human genome and rights. * International Risk Governance Council, Geneva, 2010 . Guidelines for the Appropriate Risk Governance of Synthetic Biology. * Ocupational Hazards in biotechnology . Introduction to Cartagena United Nations Protocol related to Bio Diversity.
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SOme Book On BIO-SAfty and Bio Research Governce
105. http://www.upmchealthsecurity.org/our-work/pubs_archive/ pubs-pdfs/2015/Synopsis%20 of%20Biological%20Safety%20 and%20Security%20Arrangements%20UPMC%20112915.pdf
SYNOPSIS OF BIOLOGICAL SAFETY AND SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS105
Laboratory biosafty manual 106
106. http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/en/ Biosafety7.pdf 107. http://www.jcvi.org/cms/ fileadmin/site/research/projects/ synthetic-genomics-report/synthetic-genomics-report.pdf
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some laws example
BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Núm. 177
Jueves 25 de julio de 2013
Sec. I. Pág. 54532
I. DISPOSICIONES GENERALES
MINISTERIO DE ECONOMÍA Y COMPETITIVIDAD Orden ECC/1404/2013, de 28 de junio, por la que se modifica el anexo del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se establecen los requisitos básicos de autorización y funcionamiento de los biobancos con fines de investigación biomédica y del tratamiento de las muestras biológicas de origen humano, y se regula el funcionamiento y organización del Registro Nacional de Biobancos para investigación biomédica.
El Real Decreto 1823/2011, de 21 de diciembre, por el que se reestructuran los departamentos ministeriales, crea el Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, al que corresponde, según establece su artículo 13, la propuesta y ejecución de la política del Gobierno en materia económica y de reformas para la mejora de la competitividad, de la investigación científica, el desarrollo tecnológico e innovación en todos los sectores, la política comercial y de apoyo a la empresa, así como el resto de competencias y atribuciones que le confiere el ordenamiento jurídico. En su disposición final primera suprime el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. Por otra parte, la disposición final segunda del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se establecen los requisitos básicos de autorización y funcionamiento de los biobancos con fines de investigación biomédica y del tratamiento de las muestras biológicas de origen humano, y se regula el funcionamiento y organización del Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica, faculta al titular del Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (actualmente, Ministro de Economía y Competitividad) para dictar cuantas disposiciones requiera la aplicación de lo dispuesto en el referido real decreto, y para modificar su anexo, sin perjuicio del desarrollo normativo que corresponda realizar a las Comunidades Autónomas. El artículo 38 del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, sobre el contenido y estructura del Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica, establece que el Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica tendrá la estructura y contenido que figuran en su anexo. De acuerdo con ese anexo incluido en el referido real decreto el Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica se divide en dos secciones: una dedicada a los biobancos con fines de investigación biomédica, y otra a las colecciones de muestras biológicas de origen humano para fines de investigación biomédica conservada fuera del ámbito organizativo de un biobanco. En el anexo se recoge la información actualizada que deberá constar en cada hoja registral. La Ley 14/2007, de 3 de julio, de Investigación biomédica, y el propio Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, establecen que las colecciones de muestras biológicas contarán siempre con un investigador responsable, que será quien recabe el consentimiento informado del sujeto fuente para que, tras el proyecto inicial, su muestra pueda ser almacenada para su uso en una línea de investigación concreta. Sin embargo, el anexo incluye datos que hacen referencia a personas jurídicas y no sólo investigadores responsables. Teniendo en cuenta estas previsiones, el Registro de una colección de muestras biológicas no puede contener datos referentes a la denominación social, al número de identificación fiscal, ni a representante legal alguno, por lo que se hace necesaria la modificación del anexo del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, que se acomete con esta orden. Esta orden ha sido objeto del informe preceptivo del Ministro de Hacienda y Administraciones Públicas y de la Agencia Española de Protección de Datos, así como del Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad.
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BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Núm. 177
Jueves 25 de julio de 2013
Sec. I. Pág. 54533
En su virtud, dispongo: Artículo único. Modificación del anexo del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se establecen los requisitos básicos de autorización y funcionamiento de los biobancos con fines de investigación biomédica y del tratamiento de las muestras biológicas de origen humano, y se regula el funcionamiento y organización del Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica. El párrafo c) del apartado 2 del anexo del Real Decreto 1716/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se establecen los requisitos básicos de autorización y funcionamiento de los biobancos con fines de investigación biomédica y del tratamiento de las muestras biológicas de origen humano, y se regula el funcionamiento y organización del Registro Nacional de Biobancos para Investigación Biomédica, queda redactado como sigue: «c) Datos relativos a las colecciones de muestras biológicas de origen humano para fines de investigación biomédica conservada fuera del ámbito organizativo de un biobanco: 1.º Número de orden. 2.º Fecha de inscripción. 3.º Datos de la persona responsable de la colección: Nombre y apellidos, número del documento nacional de identidad o número de identidad de extranjero, sexo, dirección de correo electrónico, número de teléfono y dirección completa. 4.º Proyecto de investigación inicial a partir del cual se originó la colección. 5.º Línea de investigación para la cual consintió el sujeto fuente de las muestras. 6.º Tipo y origen de las muestras conservadas. 7.º Otros registros en los que esté inscrita la colección.» Disposición final única. Entrada en vigor. La presente orden entrará en vigor el día siguiente al de su publicación en el «Boletín Oficial del Estado». Madrid, 28 de junio de 2013.–El Ministro de Economía y Competitividad, Luis de Guindos Jurado.
108. Source -- http:// www.boe.es/buscar/doc. php?id=BOE-A-2007-12945
Orden ECC/1404/2013, June 28th . Modify the Real Decreto 1716/2011 about mínimum requirements for license and use biobancs content for biomedics spanish reseach 108
BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO
D. L.: M-1/1958 - ISSN: 0212-033X
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Where there are uncertainties / ambiguities around these rules ? Although the regulation focus is very well regulated, due to a big backlog between new advanced in technology and its regulation, the procedures and guidelines are few of them regulates. Inside the European Union, therules are especially difficult to set and often change because of the freedom to decission on every country member. For instance, among the EU Member States, Spain is considered as the most pro-GMO [Genetically Modified Organisms] Member State. It is the only Member State within the EU where significant amounts of genetically modified crops are grown. As Spain failed to implement Directive 98/81/EC into national law in due time, the European Commission took Spain to the European Court of Justice. The Court declared that by failing to adopt the laws and administrative provisions necessary to comply with the Directive, the Kingdom of Spain failed to fulfill its obligations under that directive and was thus ordered to pay the trial’s cost. In 2003 Spain finally implemented the Directive through the “GMO Act of 200378” and two separate Decrees.
The “GMO Act of 2003” transposes the Directive on contained use as well as the Directive on Deliberate Release. The scope of the transposing legislation is extended to include the contained use of GM plants and animals. The definitions of GM, GMM and contained use are the same as the corresponding definitions in the Directives. Political power in Spain is channeled by a central government and autonomous communities. Thus there are competent authorities for contained uses; one on the national level and seventeen in the autonomous regions. Some autonomous regions have additional regional ‘Biosafety committees’ that advise the regional CAs. Activities conducted by private sector companies and regional public research institutes are notified to the CAs of the autonomous regions, which coordinate with the National CA. Whereas activities conducted by the federal public research sector must be notified to the National CA, which coordinates with the CAs of the autonomous regions. In 2009 there were around 170 facilities that conducted contained use activities with GMOs. 109 Inspections are carried out before the authorization of an installation. They are conducted either by the autonomous regions or by the General State Administration, depending on the distribution of competence. During the inspection, the information provided by the notifier is verified and the containment measures are checked for their adequacy. If problems are detected, authorizations can be revoked or postponed until the problems are solved. In 2004 a minor accident occurred at the University of Navarre; a fire broke out in the airconditioning system of a class 3 laboratory.
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109. Source--https://ourworld. unu.edu/en/why-and-how-spainbecame-the-eus-top-grower-ofgmos
Who you would work with to resolve these ambiguities/uncertainties ?
In Spain, the Spanish Bioethics Committee. The Spanish Bioethics Committee was created through Law 14/2007 of July 3rd on Biomedical Research (BOE July 4th) as a â€œcollegiate, independent and consultative professional body, which will develop its responsibilities, with full transparency, on materials related to the social and ethical implications of Biomedicine and Health Sciencesâ€?. The Committee was established on October 22nd 2008 and forms part of the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality. Its mission is to issue reports, proposals and recommendations for public authorities at state and regional level on matters related to the ethical and social implications of Biomedicine and Health Sciences. Equally, it is responsible for establishing the general principles for the production of codes of good practice in scientific research and for representing Spain in supranational and international forums and bodies involved in bioethics. Is the design of current regulations / norms sufficient to ensure societal benefits and mitigate harm ?
First startup for Bio-digital Architecture this opinion is that the current regulation is sufficient for Europe and United States. Although, the main problem is we need an universal consensus to conseder one planet one envieroment.
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The design project presented on bio emerges will be going through research but it will be bounty with governs by local authorities laws and international laws. It takes time to make a proper law but it will help to this field to grow wide internationally, To provides new emergence and stability to grow very well. And generate a revolution in architecture. Also, help a kind of huminites and sustaining the planet on earthâ€™s natural helps worth it without a giving any interruption in an environment with an act of war. Helping sustainability includes a WHO work for human health organizations to prevent good health on the human this bio-architecture helps them directly, indirectly both way. Then the beauty of green environment will be a remain and grows peacefully. Bio-architecture is part of this system to involve deeply. Start with preventing protection help to bio-architecture grow in a lab, studio, and real environment. Future is growing on the positive way towards a natural beauty without favour of Bio Wapan.
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110. Darwin,Charles.“OntheOrigin of Species”. — Chapter 4, Natural Selection
111. A sentence from Prof. Karl Chu Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author 112. Source -- Hollywood Movie “Lucy”
“The change is Law of environment, Nothing is stable” 110The future brings an unpreventable revolution with evolution. And this will not only be in the field of agriculture medicine or architecture. It is every point of view devolvement and digitation with technology will be the future of instigation with environment. Day by day new techniques and discoveries are done by scientist and technicians. Architectural design Intelligence’ should then be defined today by the capacity of the architect for surpassing and negotiate, operate outside his own knowledge field. This is not new, but should have been constantly updated and not fallen into self-complacency. The successful integration of disciplines concerning design and construction is the role of an architect, and it should be focused on the dialogue with the issues of his time. Eventfully all of these developments find its way to the general public. This Master gives the stand with technology and focused on beyond future of designation set a base for what is coming. Computation base on nature and nature base on computation. Our knowledge is hypothetical and our adaptation is done to a partly un¬known environment. It is often successful and often unsuccessful, the result of anticipatory trials.The border between human and nature becomes day by day thinner, and eventually it will blur to each other and will be integrate soon. Master’s reseach, with biomimicry sets as an axiom the exploration of nature and natural forms as well as natural processes, express beauty in architecture, not to merely replicate them or to produce an architecture that looks like the source of inspiration, but to analytically examine the form or process, source of inspiration, and from what is learned in the course, with the principles that are derived from the thorough study, there are aspects of scale, function, usability of space and materials that make the more reflection. The approaches use in each studio of the Master might seem different from each other but inside of center point is nature and architecture context to integrate to each other. “Time is travel in circle path” Greek and Indian methodology2 form religions. But they all share an important factor to learn every stage of layers. Here, history would to express that when starting of human life with Lucy, a first woman on planet live as part of nature 112than went through and separate and now we are trying to together again to be part of one through the architecture on basic with new technologies we are trying to merge a with one and only environment. The necessity of diversion needed to be on good environment. A story teach in school while one sticks break easily but bunch of sticks is hard to break so be a part of nature to survive in nature. But they all share an important factor to learn every stage of layers. A great deal of the thought is involved in the adaptation and resolution of the above mentioned aspects in order to achieve a usable or social habitable architectural form. Since nature has evolved through millennia of constant adaptation and mutation in order to How To Grow Almost Bio Building ? 87
achieve its present state, it can be inferred that what has been achieved by nature is there because it stood to the test of time. This does not final conclusion, on the contrary it must be recognized as a work in progress and since the environment changes
through the ages, so must the forms and processes of nature adapt to said changes than called Alloplasticity.113 And that is an idea, which in all approaches is pointing to the same direction. Future of an Bio-Digital Architecture.
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113. A sentence from Prof. Neil Leach Guest workshop Class of Master at Uic, Barcelona noted by Author
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• Andreas Vesalius, On The Fabric Of Human Body, trans W. F . Richardson and J.B.Carman. vol-5 • Avery, John. Information theory and evolution, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., London 2003 P 73 • Bar-Cohen, Yoseph, Biomimetics: mimicking and inspired-by biology, Proceedings of the SPIE Smart Structures Conference, San Diego, CA. 5759-02, March 7-10,2005 • Bentley, Peter J. and Come, David W„ Creative Evolutionary Systems, Academic Press, San Diego, 2002, P.280 • Bernard Rudofsky, Architecture without architects: an introduction to nonpedigreed Architecture • Cartagena protocol on biosafety to the convention on biological diversity, introduction, p-1 • Cartagena Protocol On Biosafety To The Convention On Biological Diversity, Introduction, P-1 • Cloudscapes, Tetsua Kendo Architects, Japan, • Darwin, Charles. “On the Origin of Species”. — Chapter 4, Natural Selection • Dobora Gans, Intorduction Gothe’s Fish, In organic Approch to Architecture iv • Gilles Deleuze, The Fold, Lebiniz and the Baroque Trans. Tom Conley • Greg Lynn, Flods, Bodies & Blobs: Collective Eassy • Hall, Brian K.; Hallgrímsson, Benedikt (2008). Strickberger’s Evolution (4th ed.). Jones and Bartlett. pp. 4–6. • J. Gould, Stephen, and Elisabeth S. Vbra. 1982. “Exaptation, a Missing Term in the Science of Form.” • J. Hois et al. / Modular Ontologies for Architectural Design • Jon McCormack, Alan Dorin, Troy Innocent,Generative design a paradigm for design research . Electronic Media 2004 p-3 • Laboratory Biosaftey Manual, By WHO Geniva 2004, Ch-1, Introdection P-1 • Laboratory Biosaftey Manual, By WHO Geniva 2004, Ch-1, Introdection P-1 • Le Corbusier Redrawn: The Houses by Steven Park • NCERT Book Central Government Of India, Class 12 Part-1 book of Physics • Peter Sloterdijk,Bubbles: Spheres Volume I: Microspherology, Translated by Wieland Hoban • Rick Dolphijn and Iris van derTuin, Interview with Manuel DeLanda. New Materialism: Interviews and Cartographies. • Satprem-Sri-Aurobindo-or-The-Adventure-of-Consciousness.pdf Ch- 5 Consciousness • Source -- Hollywood Movie “Lucy” • STEPHEN WOLFRAM, A New Kind Of Science Ch-1 Page 8 • Tom de wolf and tom Holvet “Emergence Versus self-organising Diffrent concept but promising when combined
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• http://playground.tensorflow.org/#activation=tanh&batchSize=20&dataset=xor®Dataset=reg-plane&learningRate=0.03®ularizationRate=0&noise=20&networkShape=4,3&seed=0.67574&showTestData=true&discretize=false&percTrainData=60&x=true&y=true&xTimesY=true&xSquared=true&ySquared=false&cosX=false&sinX=false&cosY=false&sinY=false&collectStats=false&problem=classification&initZero=false&hideText=false • https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9DdtF_uMk05NUhyM09MOXdTS1U/edit • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ • https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Aphids_and_Buchnera • https://nocloudinthesky.wordpress.com/author/jonskerritt/ • https://ourworld.unu.edu/en/why-and-how-spain-became-the-eus-top-grower-of-gmos • http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/evolution/charles_darwin/tree_of_life.html • http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2007-12945 • http://www.bruno-latour. fr/sites/default/files/112-DESIGN-CORNWALL-GB.pdf • http://www.clotmag.com/alberto-estevez • http://www.dezeen.com/2014/07/25/movie-silk-leaf-first-man-made-synthetic-biological-leaf-space-travel/ • http://www.digital-photo-secrets.com • http://www.explainthatstuff.com • http://www.fortunebuilders.com/new-york-city-real-estate-market/ • http://www.FrenkGheryLLP.com • http://www.jcvi.org/cms/fileadmin/site/research/projects/synthetic-genomics-report/ synthetic-genomics-report.pdf • http://www.nationalgeographic.com • http://www.nature.com/nchembio/journal/v11/n11/full/nchembio.1929.html?WT.feed_ name=subjects_ribozymes • http://www.sony.co.in • http://www.upmchealthsecurity.org/our-work/pubs_archive/pubs-pdfs/2015/Synopsis%20 of%20Biological%20Safety%20and%20Security%20Arrangements%20UPMC%20112915.pdf • http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/en/Biosafety7.pdf
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How To Grow Almost Bio Building ?
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The thesis is about the new future come-up with nature consideration and as part of nature architecture is symboisis