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AP/IB BIOLOGY SUMMER READING (Textbooks can be picked up in the guidance office) Readings:

Biology, 7th ed. by Campbell and Reece, Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Hot Zone by Richard Preston

This summer, you need to read the Chapters 1-3 in Campbell and Reece concerning the nature of biology, basic chemistry and the properties of water. These topics should be a review for you. Be prepared to discuss these topics when you return in August. We will have two days for questions and you will take a test on these chapters on the third day of class (Aug. 12) Written Assignments: Due by the first day of class which is Aug 10. · Write a 2-page (typed, double-spaced) summary review of Hot Zone. Include your personal feelings about the book in your summary. This should be in a Word document to be submitted electronically on the class Moodle page. You access this at Your logon and password are the same ones you use at AHS. Title of document should be “Your name Hot Zone” · Prepare answers to the study guide questions in a Word document, also submitted electronically via Moodle. You will probably also want to bring a hard copy of this with you to class because we will go over any questions that you may have. The title of the document should be “ Your name Summer Review” · Write a short (half-page) summary of what you think is the top science story of the summer. One good source of ideas is Science News or you can use another source. Include the source/date of the story or article. You can bring this with you the first day of class. · Email me at the address below so I can contact you if needed I am very pleased that you will be in AP/IB Biology this year. In addition to helping you prepare for your AP and IB exams, my main goal is to help give you a broad, solid foundation in the principles of biology so that you can either receive advanced placement in college or feel very comfortable taking those first college biology classes. You will need to purchase a bound laboratory notebook before the first day of class. The notebook should contain numbered pages (no less than 100 pages) with quad (graph) paper. The notebook can be standard bound or spiral bound. I recommend a 3-ring binder for taking notes. I give a lot of handouts.

If you are going to take the AP Biology test, you will need to pay for it in February. The cost of the AP exam is probably about $85. Please call me at home or e-mail me if you have any questions. Home phone #821-6752 or

Study guide for summer reading: Prepare answers to these questions to in electronic form so that it can be submitted to Have them ready to turn in by the first day of class. Upload them in the IB class assignment at under Summer Review. The Bohr models (or you may draw Lewis structures) that I ask for in some questions should be drawn on a separate sheet to be turned in on the first day of school. 1. List the levels in the hierarchy of the organization of living things. 1. List the characteristics that you think are shared by all living things 1. State the cell theory. List the scientists who contributed to this theory and tell their

contributions to the theory. 1. Briefly describe the two types of cells in living things. 1. Explain the differences in negative feedback and positive feedback. Which of these is

more common in systems in nature? 1. Name the three domains of life and give examples of organisms in each domain. 1. What observations lead Charles Darwin to his original hypothesis of evolution by natural

selection? 1. State Darwin’s theory in your own words. 1. What might be a series of steps in a scientific study involving a hypothesis?

1. How does a scientific theory differ from a scientific hypothesis?

11. What has Lydia Makhubu discovered about the disease schistosomiasis? (Also give a brief description of the disease) 1. Name the 4 most abundant elements in living things. 1. Know basic atomic structure. If you are given the atomic number and atomic weight of

an atom, be able to show the number and location of subatomic particles. Predict the number of electrons in each energy level (shell). You are not responsible for specific orbitals. For oxygen, phosphorus, and calcium, list the atomic number, atomic weight, and number of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Tell the number of electrons in each energy level. On a separate sheet of paper, draw a Bohr model (electron shell model) of calcium. Do not download pictures of the model. 1. The three isotopes of hydrogen have mass numbers of 1, 2, and 3. On the separate sheet

of paper draw models of these three isotopes. 1. Describe chemical bonding, both ionic and covalent. Predict the ions produced by an

element (give two examples). Predict the number of covalent bonds that the following atoms will form: C, H, O, N. 1. Describe hydrogen bonds and Van der Waals interactions. 1. On the separate sheet, draw a Bohr molecular model of water. Explain its polar

covalent bonds. Explain hydrogen bonding between water molecules. Which are stronger, hydrogen bonds or covalent bonds? 1. Explain the following properties of water and their importance to life on earth:

Cohesion Adhesion Surface tension High specific heat High heat of vaporization Lower density of ice compared to liquid water 1. Explain the difference between hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules and the

differences in how they behave in water.

1. Explain the dissociation of water and the pH scale. What does the designation of “pH of

5� literally mean? How great a difference is there in the hydrogen ion concentration between a pH of 6 and a pH of 8? What pH values are acidic or basic? 1. How does a buffer system work? Use the carbonic acid-bicarbonate system as an



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