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NK ARCHITECTURAL PORTFOLIO

NIHARIKA KANNAN


niharika kannan ARCHITECT CHENNAI, INDIA PH:+91-9840739197 ID: kannanniharika@gmail.com

education

HIGH SCHOOL

CHETTINAD VIDYASHRAM

2010

2015

UNDER GRADUATION

BACHELORS IN ARCHITECTURE MSAJ ACDEMY OF ARCHITECTURE

experience ARCHITECTURAL INTERN MANCINI,CHENNAI

2015-2016

2013-2014 JUNIOR ARCHITECT

STUDIO SP+A (SAMEEP PADORA AND ASSOCIATES),MUMBAI

exhibition & publication 1-THE STATE OF ARCHITECTURE PRACTICES AND PROCESS IN INDIA

FOR STUDIO SP+A NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ARTS (NGMA),MUMBAI 6TH JANUARY 2016-27TH MARCH 2016

IN THE NAME OF HOUSING

FOR SAMEEP PADORA SPARE(SAMEEP PADORA RESEARCH) CREDIT : RESEARCH AND GRAPHICS ISBN : 9789381444153

2-THE STATE OF ARCHITECTURE IN THE NAME OF HOUSING

FOR STUDIO SP+A SOMAIYA LIFE LONG CENTRE FOR LEARNING,MUMBAI 17TH JANUARY 2016-17TH FEBRUARY 2016

skills

SOFTWARE Loading

MANUAL

brief I am an enthusiastic architect holding a bachelor’s degree in architecture from India. I am very passionate about architecture and designing. Being sincere and goal oriented is something I believe in. I have immense passion towards urbanism and drawn towards project of that kind. With an experience on field for a period of two years I now believe its time to pursue my interest in urban studies through formal education. I love to travel and understand various habitats of the human race.


| CONTENTS |

URBAN PEDESTRIANISATION

URBAN CATASTROPHE

CAMPUS DESIGN

01 Issues of T nagar Pg | 4-5 |

02 Age Bomb Pg | 6-7 |

03 Academy Of Aviation Pg | 8-13 |

Architecture School 2014 | SEMESTER 09 | A study of a high pedestrian zone with in depth analysis on the transportational problems and henceforth deriving at a proposal.Assigned as a time problem, this was an individual project completed in a week.

Architecture School 2014 | SEMESTER 09 | A catastrophe strikes today(2014) and the damages are severe.A fast forward to the year 2050 to see the social reaction post the catastrophe and how the architecture changes with people’s notion.

Architecture School 2014 | SEMESTER 10 | Thesis | The air safety and security scenario is getting worse by the day.The need for a training centre in the south side of India was necessary.This training academy aids in training ground staff to pilots on air traffic regulations and also emergency procedures.

DESTINATION CULTURAL RETREAT

URBAN COMPETITION

URBAN HOUSING

04 Gardenia Pg | 13-17 |

05 Mahim Nature Park Pg | 18-23 |

Professional | Studio sP+A | 2015 A weekend culutral retreat to host events and family functions like weddings and other cermonies.Also caters to business conventions.Set on the stepped hillocks of Lonavla in a locality called Bhavdhan,Pune.The intention was to provide a luxurios retreat for groups looking for a getaway with a purpose.

Professional | Studio sP+A | 2016 A renewal of the natural habitat of a abanded park in Mahim locality of the city of Mumbai.This competition had four levels all of which were won by the firm.

06 In The Name Of Housing Pg | 24-30 | Professional | Studio sP+A | 2016 A study of 11 projects in Mumbai as a research for the booming real estate situation eventually leading to design derivatives for the one million houses sanctioned by the Govenrment.


01

| URBAN PEDESTRIANISATION | | ISSUE OF T NAGAR |

Urban Pedestrianisation Issues of T nagar

Work | Architecture School | Semester 09 Type | Urban Design Proposal | Location | T Nagar | Chennai

VEHICULAR PARKING DENSITY 4 wheeler density 2 wheeler density

gold and silk capital

shopping c r o w d

foot fall

Schematic map showing the density of parking for both two wheelers and four wheelers in and around Tnagar.Study shows that the maximum parking congestion is accumulated around Usman road.

railway station

VEHICULAR TRAFFIC FLOW

ALONG USMAN ROAD

70% Parking Occupancy 90% Parking Occupancy

towing zone NO parking

cars

ALONG PONDY BAZAR

bad parking

bikes unauthorised bus parking

rickshaw

Schematic map representing the flow of traffic and hence forth the maximum parking occupancy.As per study,parking occupancy is 90% in usman road which is the maximum in the entire locality.

availbility vs usage

LANDUSE Commercial Residential

FLYover congestion festive

traffic

Parks

season

Schematic map representing the landuse pattern of the locality.As per study ,the locality is of mixed usage although,usman road is predominantly commercial.

peak bikes hours bus drop off cycle

cars

rickshaw

junction

zone analysis T NAGAR BUS DEPOT

MAMBALAM STATION

USM

pedestrian analysis T NAGAR BUS DEPOT

MAMBALAM STATION

vehicular analysis T NAGAR BUS DEPOT

MAMBALAM STATION

AN R

OAD

PEDESTRIAN CONGESTION

VEHICULAR CONGESTION

MIXED USE BUILDINGS

MIXED USE BUILDINGS

MIXED USE BUILDINGS

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

PARKS

PARKS

PARKS

SHOPPING ZONES

The shopping zones are highlighted in yellow arrows along usman road and pondy bazr .They are the gold and silk bearing capitals of the city.

The pedestrian congestion is mostly along the shopping zones are along usman road and pondy bazar.Also,the Tnagar bus depot and Mambalam railways station are also crowd pullers.

The traffic is mostly due the clash between the pedestrian zones and vehicular zones.Usman road is a major junction connecting Tnagar and Mambalam.

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THE PROPOSAL

1 Partial Pedestrainisation The first proposal is to pedestrianize usman road along a restricted lane with vehicular cross movement on either side of the pedestrian lane

after

T NAGAR BUS DEPOT

MAMBALAM STATION

T NAGAR BUS DEPOT

before

GAR BUS TBUS

MAMBALAM STATION

MAMBALAM STATION

MAMBALAM STATION

PEDESTRIAN PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT MOVEMENT

VEHICULAR VEHICULAR MOVEMENT MOVEMENT MIXED USE

MIXED USE BUILDINGS BUILDINGS

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

COMMERCIAL PARKS BUILDINGS PARKS

2

PROPOSED DROP OFF ZONES PROPOSED DROP PROPOSED PARKING ZONES OFF ZONES

Street Hawkers are to be provided kiosks along the pedestrianied lanes.This avoids hawkers claiming the pavements and setting shop on the vehicular lane.

PROPOSED

MIXED USE PARKING ZONES BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL MIXED USE BUILDINGS BUILDINGS PARKS

Hawkers Relocation

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS PARKS

3

Parking Restrictions

Parking zones are to be clearly marked with proposed layouts and drop off zones also to be indicated.Parking to be charged less for shorter periods and more for longer periods of time.

Drop off zone

Parking zone

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02

Urban Catostrophe Age bomb

Work | Architecture School | Semester 09 Type | Urban Utopian Proposal | Location | Chennai |

| URBAN CATOSTROPHE | | AGE BOMB |

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03

Thesis Academy of Aviation

Work | Architecture School | Semester 10 Type | Campus Design Proposal | Location | Kolapakkam | Chennai

| ACADEMY OF AVIATION | | CAMPUS DESIGN |

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SITE PLAN

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18

16

12

19

17

13 10 11

15

9 7 8 5 6 3 4

2

1

LEGEND 1 2 3 4 5

MAIN ENTRY SERVICE ENTRY STAFF PARKING VISITORS PARKING AIRCRAFT DISPLAY

6 GROUND STAFF AND MANAGEMENT BLOCK 7 ADMIN BLOCK 8 CABIN CREW AND SECURITY TRAINIING BLOCK 9 PODIUM 10 RESCUE AND SURVIVAL TRAINING BLOCK

11 12 13 14 15

SIMULATOR 16 CLUB HOUSE ENGINEERING AND MAINTENANCE 17 DINING AREA DINING AREA 18 SERVICE DOCK TRUCK PARKING 19 TENNIS COURT HOSTEL BLOCK | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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AIRCRAFT DISPLAY

LIGHT AND SHADOW

Voids created to give interesting shadow in the abutting spaces

ELEMENT OF SURPRISE The eye level meets the staircase retaining the element of surpirse which is the large central podium.

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PLAN AT O LVL

HOSTEL AND RECREATION

PLAN AT +3 M LVL

STAGE 1

STAGE 2

STAGE 3

STAGE 4

STAGE 5

STAGE 6

MASSING ITERATIONS

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04

MASSING

Gardenia Destination cultural centre

Work | Professional | Studio sP+a | Type | Campus Master Design | Location | Bhavdhan | Pune Role | Design development | Drawings | Site | Status | Under Construtcion |

Road approaching site

| GARDENIA | | DESTINATION CULTURAL CONVENTION |

Plot A and B Plot C

Existing bult structures

Proposed demolition

Set back areas marked

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

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Plot C

PROGRAMME

Residential plot Plot A and B

Existing building partly demolished

Terraced Lawn Residential block above existing water tank

Residential block stacked above banquet halls

Stairways interconnecting muli level banquet and dining halls

Residential Banquet hall Dining hall Services Admin Existing Block

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PLOT A AND B CONVENTION AND THE TERRACE

Stepping terraces gives access to alot of outdoor open spaces which can also be used as open air party halls

Punctures created to make interesting light wells in the basement.

Horizontal and vertical transportation services designed to make easy access between the stepped levels.

Water channels and water bodies are strtegically placed to enhance the ambience of all open air party halls.

Ramps winding the structure lets Water channels and Ramps the user experience a journey from intergrated enhance the facade of the entrance to the upper most the strutcure. building.

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PLOT C CONVENTION AND THE LAWN

Plot C has two sites one for accomodation The green channels are winding around and the other for he convention hall. the proposed structure.

The open area abutting the built structure are highlighted in green.

The built structure has been designed keeping in mind the contour of the site.

The water channels and ramps around the building highlighted in blue and red

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RESTAURANT

Wall built upto human scale

Portion excavted beneath the ground level

Areas surrounding the the built structure follow their contour for landscaping

Elevated retaining walls around the restauarnt follow the contour levels and terrace down as lawns

Roof structure placed strategically to give a sense of terraced plaftform am

| PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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05

| MAHIM NATURE PARK | | URBAN RENEWAL |

Urban Renewal Mahim Nature Park

Work | Professional | Studio sP+A | Type | Urban Renewal Proposal | Location | Mahim | Mumbai | Role : Design developemnt | Drawimgs and graphics | The seventeenth century was still a time when monsoon waters in Mumbai did not flow off the land, they Status | Won overflowed from one rice field or coconut terrace to

SECTION A-A’

another, from one tank to another. It was a time when collection was more important than drainage. -Page 28, S O A K, Mumbai in an Estuary, Anuradha Mathur/Dilip da Cunha

1700

1845

1700

1800

1925

1969

1900

EXISTING MAPPING

2015

2060

2000 PROPOSED MAPPING CURRENT WATERWAYS Undifferentiated storm water drainage, sewage and estuarine waters.

LOW TIDE

HIGH TIDE

REVERSE FLOW

OUTFALLS

LOW TIDE

HIGH TIDE

FRESH WATER

URBAN PARK (STORM WATER PARK)

POTENTIAL WATER SEGREGATION Creating soak zone for storm water at upper reaches of the nallah and river, phytoremediation belts to treat contaminated waters in the lower reaches before it reaches the estuarine brackish waters. Reconnect the water corridors (the link between the Mithi and Mahul rivers) that existed in past.

TIDAL WATER INGRESS CHANNEL

PHYTOREMEDIATION

CULTIVATION

BUILT

SECTION B-B’

CURRENT LAND USE Dense human encroachments. POTENTIAL LAND USE Reconfigured water edge to have open spaces and premeditation belts along with farming within seasonal water channels in non-monsoon months.

CULTIVATION FIELDS

BUILT (1/4)

OPEN SPACE (1/4) SLUM REHABILITATION

CURRENT CONNECTIVITY Two parallel roads along North and South banks of Mahim Estuary. POTENTIAL CONNECTIVITY Looping the North and South connections using the pedestrian and cycle bridge. Ease of connectivity between MNP and BKC. Increased Visibility for MNP.

WETLANDS

COMMUNITY OPEN SPACE

FARMERS MARKET

PROMENADE/CYCLING/WALKING TRACK

B

MNP EXTENSION

'BRIDGE' as a layered design approach: The notion of the Bridge not merely as a physical link but as a connector across the domains of built and unbuilt, social and economical, and even historical emerged from the confluence of multi-disciplinary approaches informed by ecology and social infrastructure.

MNP

WETLANDS

SLUM REHABILITATION PHYTOREMEDIATION COMMUNITY OPEN

MANGROVES

MANGROVE PROMENADE/CYCLINGTRACK/ WALKWAYS

PRAWN FARMING

URBAN PLAZA

URBAN PARKS

PROMENADE/CYCLING/ WALKING TRACK

SLUM REHABILITAION

BRIDGING THE GAP

BRIVDGE FILTER

The intent of the master plan is to remediate the city landscape by bridging the following informed by history. The BUILT CITY and the NATURAL CITY. The CONCRETE edge and the AGRICULTURAL edge. The ECONOMICALLY successful model and the ECOLOGICALLY successful model.

•Slum pockets and open spaces along the Vakola nalla and Mithi river are identified based on satellite imagery and a strategy to reconfigure them by stacking the slums in multi-storey buildings limiting the built foot print to ¼ th of the land occupied presently. Leaving ¼ th as open space to the Slums, and the remaining half part of land which is now freed can go back to the city and phytoremediation beds along with promenade can be developed. •The walls along channelized water course beyond the intertidal zone are proposed to be demolished. The water channel is proposed to be reclaimed, which will be a seasonal water course during the monsoon and can be converted into cultivation fields or productive landscape during dry season of the year, also increasing the water carrying capacity of the channel. Purifying the contaminated water, recycling the waste water to the extent possible and reducing the volume of water that flows into the river will eventually help to reduce the contamination levels that are currently seen in the estuary. It is hoped that these improved conditions will eventually lead to: •Increased mangrove diversity. •Improved marine life and avifauna in this region. •Reduced flooding within the city during the monsoons. •A people-friendly productive-landscape edge to the river.

PHYTOREMEDIATION

METRO STATIONS VEHICULAR ROUTE BICYCLE LOOP

B’

MNP

WATER CHANNEL/SEASON CULTIVATION

URABN STORM PARK

METRO STATIONS VEHICULAR ROUTE

OPEN SPACE (1/4) PHYTOREMEDIATION (1/4) PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

CURRENT SLUM OCCUPATION

A A’

SLUM REHABILITATION PHYTOREMEDIATION COMMUNITY OPEN SPACE

SLUMS

BRIDGE FILTERS

MANGROVES FOREST AREA PHYTOREMEDIATION

SLUM REHABILITAION

SLUMS

PHYTOREMEDIATION

FOREST AREA

WATCH TOWER

MANGROVES

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Fauna of MNP comprises of diverse species of Birds, Insects , Reptiles, Amphibians, Butterflies and Moths. Documented species includes approximately: 145 Species of Birds 76 Species of Butterflies 30 Species of Spiders 23 Species of Snakes 10 Species of other Reptiles 4 Species of Frogs 3 Species of Tortoise MAPPING ECOSYSTEM

MAPPING FLORA

MANGROVE

MUDFLATS

BRACKISH WATER

TERRESTRIAL

MANGROVES

FRESHWATER

MAPPING FAUNA FICUS BELT

WOODY

MUDFLATS

MANGROVES

BAMBOOS

PALMS & FRUITS

MEDICINAL

FISH FARMING

FRESHWATER

NAKSHATRAVAN

NECTAR PLANTS

SCRUB LAND

WOODLAND

SCRUB LAND

BUTTERFLY

RIPARIAN

INVESTIGATIVE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN APPROACH The site was previously a dumping ground (active between 1956-78), and was not scientifically closed, over which woodland was established since 1980s, one needs to investigate the major environmental concerns like lechate release, landfill gases, soil moisture, voids trapped between the unconsolidated mass, ground water pollution etc. The site being along the creek, there could be brackish water ingress that could inhibit tree growth. The strategy introduced here is based on investigative and take an experimental approach to evaluate the current status of the garbage dump below and environmental treats / concerns if any. The proposal is to excavate and create detention ponds and use the excavated matter (based on quality report) and additional soil cover to existing 500mm layer of soil for creating mounds to support tree cover. These detention ponds would address issue of lack of soil moisture conditions on landfill sites. Thus hydrating the soil with freshwater would further arrest the brackish water ingression and enhance tree growth .

EXISTING

SCR

UB

LAN

D

PROPOSED

PON

D

500 MM THICK SOIL COVER GARBAGE DUMP MUDFLATS GROUNDWATER

WO

NUR

CRE

F IS

RM H FA

IN G

PON

EK

S

E IDE

DG

EO

FM

SER

Y ZO

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Introduce mangrove trails (boardwalk/ boat rides) for educational and recreational purposes. 2. Introduce fish farming within the trail for educational and recreational purposes

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Investigate the Edge at creekside for any leachate being released in creek 2. Promenade along the creekside for bird watching and recreational purpose 3. Watch tower at strategic locations for birds watching on mudflats / mangroves

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Reorganize nursery and medicinal plant section 2. Shift Nursery towards edge with separate entry and integrate farmer's market 3. Introduce seed bank / herbarium in Medicinal plant section for educational purposes

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Investigate current status of landfill for leachate release, landfill gases,its decomposition status, ground water pollution etc to ensure environmental concerns if any 2. Design intervention based on Investigative approach as explained in diagram 3. Lack of Soil moisture being one of the important concerns leading to dependency on daily irrigation of well established woodland, introduce series of detention ponds 4.Increase Biodiversity of the park by enhancing the existing scrubland by introducing native grasses and wildflowers

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Introduce trail along pond considering appropriate buffers for staging water birds 2. Introduce decks as pause/ vantage point along pond with appropriate design strategies like bird blinds/ bird hides

NP

GROUND LEVEL BIRDS

TREE TOP BIRDS

AND

NE

DS

CANOPY LEVEL BIRDS

ODL

STRATEGIES / INTERVENTION 1. Preserve Dense Woodland with minimal intervention 2. Enhance biodiversity by adding tree cover where possible. 3. Elevated walkways at strategic locations considering appropriate buffers and design with features like bird blind to prevent disturbance to avifauna. 4. Watch tower at strategic locations as pause points and vantage points to offer opportunities for bird watching, photography , sketching etc. For education and recreational purposes

DESIGN APPROACH / GUIDING PRINCIPLE FOR DESIGNING TRAILS AND ITS ELEMENTS

FID

FID

LESS

Escape and Alert Distance theory is used as a tool for identifying appropriate zones for intervention within the park and guiding principle for the design language. Animal tolerance to human approaches is used to establish buffers for wildlife that can minimize the probability of creating disturbance by human activity. Alert distance (the distance between an animal and an approaching human at which point the animal begins to exhibit alert behaviors to the human) is an indicator of tolerance. Escape distance or Fight Initiation Distance (FID) is the distance at which an animal will start to move away from an approaching threat such as a trail user .

HIGH

Flight initiation Distance (FID) is directly proportional to body mass of the bird Based on literature studies FID for different bird sizes considered for marking buffer zones and design interventions are: A- Sparrow Size 3 m B- Myna Size 5m C- Pigeon Size 20m D- Crow Size 70-100m E- Kite Size 100-300m

L A ND SCA PE ST RAT EGIES | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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EXPLORING AND INVESTIGATING THE LIVING SYSTEM OF MNP

WATCH TOWER

MNP DESIGN INTERVENTION

AMPHI ON THE WATER

CONSERVED WOODED

NEGOTIATING SOCIAL CONTEXT

CYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN CONNECTION

The MNP currently is flanked on its East and West sides by informal settlements, residents of which use the north bank of the park for open defecation. We propose a buffer of social infrastructure, including public toilets on the east and west edges as well as a public garden for the residents on the east end. The facilities would be serviced by recycled and remediated water from catchments as well as from the Mithi itself creating a self suffice infrastructure independent of intermittent and sparse municipal supply.

MANGROVE TRAIL AND CYCLE TRAIL JETTY

DETENTION POND UPGRADED SCRUBLAND ECOSYSTEM

ROAD

ELEVATED TRAIL

PARKING

WILDFLOWER TRAIL BUTTERFLY TRAIL

NEW EXTENTS

CONNECTIONS AND RECREATIONAL / EXPERIENTIAL TRAILS WITHIN MNP A number of nature trails have been planned within and along the new extents of the park to offer a variety of educational and recreational experiences. Watch towers and decks have been introduced at strategic locations to function as pause points and vantage points.

EXISTING EXTENTS PEDESTRIAN/ CYCLE LOOP SERVICE ROAD

GREEN ROOF TRAIL

BRIDGE

BOARDWALK CREEKSIDE TRAIL/ PROMENADE JETTY FISH FARMING DECKS

WOODLAND TRAIL WATCH TOWER DECK

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE/TOILET BLOCKS BICYLE, PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

NURSERY FARMERS MARKET

POND TRAIL BOAT TRAIL

ELEVATED TRAIL WITH BIRD BLINDS

WATCH TOWER

DETENTION POND COMMUNITY OPEN SPACE

MNP LANDSCAPE PROGRAM

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LIVING SYSTEMS OF MNP MNP exhibits a rich palette of flora and fauna. In an investigative and experiential approach towards enhancing this biodiversity and mitigating the landfill- related problems of reduced soil moisture a system of detention ponds and water harvesting techniques are proposed within MNP. Native grasses and wildflowers are proposed to increase the biodiversity in flora and fauna.

EXISTING POND

FOREST COVER

DETENTION POND

WILD FLOWERS/ SCRUBLAND WETLAND SPECIES EXTENSION TO BUTTERFLY ZONE

22 07

10

21

09 03

28

CREEK

29

04

11 24

08

06

01 05

17

02

11 13

19

33

27

EXISTING FOREST COVER

11

23 25

31 12

SLUMS

DETENTION POND

PUBLIC ENTRY

32

PUBLIC TOILETS BAMBOO EDGE

05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

ENTRY MULTI-LEVEL PARKING CYCLE/ PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE CYCLE EXIT SERVICE ENTRY / ROAD COMMUNITY OPEN SPACE SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE / TOILET ENTRANCE PLAZA INFORMATION CENTER AMPHITHEATER DETENTION POND PLAZA LAWN PONDSIDE CAFETERIA PAUSE POINT PLAY ZONE CHECK POINT STEPPED SEATING POND DECK BUTTERFLY ZONE OBSERVATION TOWER FOREST TRAIL EXISTING RESERVOIR ELEVATED WALKWAY WATCH TOWER MEDICINAL PLANTS ZONE VERMICOMVPOST ZONE NURSERY FARMER'S MARKET MANGROVE ZONE / BOARDWALK JETTY / BOAT RIDE PROMENADE AMPHI ON THE WATER

MASTER PLAN | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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11 FISH FARMING

22 BOARDWALK

RIGHT: The existing reservoir, a built infrastructure that sits embedded in the center of the MNP landscape becomes a pivot point for a soft intervention. It’s emergent top surface is made accessible by a series of steps and ramps creating a public gathering space. This surface also becomes a springing point for an elevated meandering walkway through the park connecting to lookout points on one of the three mangrove islands expanding both the scope and experience of the MNP

BIRD BLINDS

We propose that the Boundary of the MNP, currently a hard opaque edge to the city become visually active through strategies that transform it into a performative element. The mundane Boundary hence becomes a giant branding interface for the park with the city and it’s citizens by incorporating elevated lookout points into the park, oversized sign-age systems, bus/rain shelters built into the wall, bicycle stands and mesh windows into the park. BIRD BLINDS

33 WATCH TOWER

44 CREEKSIDE PROMENADE

55 POND SIDE DECK 5

7

4

3

6

1BG 12

2

13

10

11

10 SIGN AGE SYSTEMS 10

11 BICYCLE STANDS 11

12 MESH WINDOWS 12

13 BUS/RAIN SHELTERS 13

9 8

6 6 WATCHTOWER WITHING WOODLAND

77 DETENTION POND

88 NURSERY AND FARMER’S MARKET

KEY PLAN

99 LOOKOUT POINTS

EMBEDDED EXPERIENCES | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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AMPHITHEATRE

GREEN ROOF DETAIL PICTORIAL MEADOWS GREEN ROOF SEED MIX

MNP NATURE TRAILS

AV ROOM

ROOF AS LANDSCAPE

GREEN ROOF

ACTIVITY GALLERY CENTRE

LIBRARY

REPOSITORY

MNP NATURE TRAILS

CENTRAL PLAZA CAFE

LEGEND:

WELCOME CENTRE

GREEN ROOF

MASSING

CAFE INFORMATION AND TICKETING GIFT AND BOOK SHOP

ADMIN

ACTIVITY CENTRE DROP OFF

AV ROOM GALLERY

WELCOME CENTRE

GREEN ROOF

GIFT SHOP

COMMUNITY OPEN SPACE

REPOSITORY BUILDING AS DIRECTIONAL MARKINGS

LIBRARY INFRASTRUCTURE

PLAN SCALE 1:400

TO NATURE TRAILS

TOILETS ADMINISTRATION KITCHEN

ENTRY TO NATURE TRAILS

ENTRY PATH INTERSECTIONS

EXIT

OVERVIEW The drop off or the arrival point is at the cusp of a plaza. The arrival plaza is a pivot to align three divisions of program, effectively breaking up the mass of the architecture into discrete and scaled environments. Each of these three segments are connected both physically and visually to the central plaza which further meanders into 3 paths leading into the park’s various programs. The three programs are:1. WELCOME CENTRE The centre is located adjacent to the main entry and comprises of 3 programs, The Information and Ticketing which located centraly sits orienting and introducing vistors to the vibrant forest that surrounds them. The Gift and Book Shop strengthens the outreach of MNP through it’s memorabilia. The Cafe offering refreshments while allowing for a space for various nature lovers to interact opens up into the central plaza space. 2. ACTIVITY CENTER Located across the plaza as soon one enters, it defines the far edge of the public plaza. Comprising of two programs namely the Gallery & AV Room. These two programs are separated by collapabile panels that divide them into two 1000 sq foot spaces each that can be used individually for lectures, exhibtions etc but which can also be combined into a single 2000 square foot space allowing for gathering of upto 200 people. With flexibility being a focus these spaces also spillout into the central plaza exgtending the interior space outwards. The Activity Center offers a unique opportunity to inspire the integration of art with natural precincts of the MNP.

ENTRANCE VIEW

3. REPOSITORY The 2000 sq ft Repositary incorporates Documentation Center and Library programs defining the west edge of the plaza, framing views of the dense forest beyond. The Library holds upto 10,000 books with intimate coves that allow small groups of readers to engage with rich data while looking towards the Maharashtra Nature Park establishing a strong visual connection to the rich forest around.

AMPHITHEATRE VIEW WITH DETENTION POND AHEAD

ARCHITECTURE AS LANDSCAPE | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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GARBAGE COLLECTION

FILTER

GARBAGE COLLECTION

EASTERN CONNECTOR

SHORT DISTANCE

FILTER

ESCAPE DISTANCE

FILTER GARBAGE COLLECTION

BRIDGE AS A STRUCTURE: In order to offer an unobstructed view of the river, the structure is designed eccentrically with all the structural elements on the side facing the vehicular connector, while the western edge is left free to view the river downstream.

ALIGNMENT STRATEGY

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

EASTERN CONNECTOR

BRIDGE AS A CONNECTOR: The 7m foot bridge guides pedestrians and cyclists in a generous and dynamic gesture from one side to the other using an arch segment that first approaches and then diverges form the vehicular bridge. The alignment of the bridge on the eastern edge was a conscious decision to keep the biodiversity of the mudflats intact keeping in mind the escape distances of the birds as well as spanning the shortest distance across the Mithi river.

SEATING SPACES

CYCLE TRACK

PEDESTRIAN PLANTER CYCLE WALKWAY MEDIAN TRACK

EASTERN CONNECTOR SECTIONS

In elevation, the Pedestrian & Cyclist Bridge has been taken lower than the vehicular connector to cut off the noise pollution from the adjoining vehicular connector and also to experience the natural setting in the western edge at a closer range. BRIDGE AS A DESTINATION: The bridge has been designed with pause spaces and ample rest opportunities for the passersby. These pause spaces look out towards the newly developed Maharashtra Nature Park at its regional scale. The cyclists have the opportunity to stop and come down to the pedestrian level before continuing further.

FILTERS

BRIDGE AS A FILTER

Filter screens have been proposed to be attached on the three existing bridges. These self-cleaning fine screen equipment will be used to prevent floating wastes from traveling further keeping the estuarine areas adjoining the Maharashtra nature park free from the visual disarray.

FILTERS

BRIDGE FILTER DIAGRAM

WESTERN CONNECTOR PONTOON BRIDGE CONNECTOR The Pontoon Boardwalk on the West edge completes a pedestrian and cyclist circuit (NMT) creating a seamless experience on both banks on the Mithi. This segment meanders through the mangroves, touching past some of the prawn culture ponds, highlighting local unseen cultures.

CONNECTING THE DOTS WESTERN CONNECTOR: PONTOON BRIDGE

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06

Urban Housing In The Name Of Housing

Work | Professional | Studio sP+A | Type | Urban Housing Study | Location | Mumbai | Role | Research | Analysis | Drawings and Graphics | Exhibitions | Publication |

| IN THE NAME OF HOUSING | | URBAN HOUSING |

The alarming deficit of low income affordable housing in the country has received a fair amount of attention in current and preceding governments. In the city of Mumbai, burgeoning real estate prices have further exacerbated this shortfall. To ameliorate this bottleneck the state government recently announced the construction of 1.1 million low income affordable homes over the next four years in the city alone. In The Name Of Housing attempts to provide a framework to question this approach to housing, where the top down prescription of policy has in the past resulted in models like SRA (Slum Rehabilitation Authority), etc., that on paper offer parity of space for residents but actually result in inhuman and apathetic living conditions, also devoid of socio-cultural fabric. This research attempts to sieve through the fabric of Mumbai, excavating historical and current models of low income affordable housing sutured deep within the city. The study compares 11 projects of housing in the city through metrics of open space, social space, circulation space, built areas and densities, using drawings sketches and models to highlight and illustrate their projective capacities. Its focus is to document the potential of existing and emergent architectural types native to our context, as a means to inform new or hybrid models for the design of low income affordable housing.

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A STUDY OF 11 PROJECTS IN MUMBNAI SELECTION CRITERIA

State policy on low income affordable housing operates through the metric of unit size, ranging from 250 sq.ft in the early SRA projects to 300 sq.ft size as enumerated by national policy.

PROJECTS

70

UNIT AREA (SQ.M)

The case studies in the book encompass a gamut of project types that fit the definition of affordable housing discussed above. The broad categorisation of these projects is as follows: 1. Chawls 2. Pavement Dwellings 3. Site and Services 4.MHADA project 5. SRA project

65

60

55 54.1 SQ.M

53.9 SQ.M

53.0 SQ.M

50

48.4 SQ.M

45

40 SQ.M 40 39.3 SQ.M

36.3 SQ.M

35.4 SQ.M

35

31.1 SQ.M

30

31.4 SQ.M

27.8 SQ.M

28 SQ.M

25

25.5 SQ.M 23.7 SQ.M

25 SQ.M

24.1 SQ.M 20

20.0 SQ.M

16.6 SQ.M

15

14.0 SQ.M 14.5 SQ.M 12.8 SQ.M 11.8 SQ.M 10.8 SQ.M 10

AMBEDKAR NAGAR SRA

PRATIKSHA NAGAR MHADA

SAMBHAJI NAGAR SRA

SITE AND SERVICES

RK CHAWL

SEASIDE SOCIETY

BHATIA CHAWL

BDD CHAWLS

SWADESHI MARKET CHAWL

ATMARAM CHAWL

MOTA MANDIR CHAWL

0,5

MAP OF MUMBAI | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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PROJECTS Mota Mandir Chawl

Atmaram Chawl

Swadeshi Market Chawl

BDD Chawls

Bhatia Chawl

Seaside Society

RK Chawl

Site And Services

Sambhaji Nagar Pratiksha Nagar MHADA SRA

Ambedkar Nagar SRA

PROGRAMME

OCCUPIED SPACE

OPEN SPACE

CIRCULATION

SERVICES

SOCIAL SPACE | PORTFOLIO | NIHARIKA KANNAN |

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Mota Mandir Chawl

Atmaram Chawl

Swadeshi Market Chawl

STUDY OF TYPICAL UNITS EXTENDED DOMESTICITY

70

UNIT AREA (SQ.M)

This graph is a comparison of the limited unit interior areas, with the amount of space external to it that supports interior programs. The measurement of the quantum of these supporting spaces and appropriations forms a useful starting point in understanding inhibitants aspirations through the space they create for themselves within the constraints of their built environment.At the same time it is also reflective of an architecture that evinces elasticity ,offering the potential to be converted temporally and used for multiple functions. the SRA and MHADA projects are largely free from external appropriations and encroachments and have therefor not been plotted on the graph.

67 SQ.M 65

60

55 54.1 SQ.M

50

44.5 SQ.M

45

40 SQ.M 40 39.3 SQ.M

35.4 SQ.M

35

30

30 SQ.M 30 SQ.M

30 SQ.M

27.8 SQ.M 26 SQ.M

25 SQ.M

25

24 SQ.M 23.7 SQ.M

25 SQ.M

24.11SQ.M 20

20.0 SQ.M

17 SQ.M

16.5 SQ.M 16.6 SQ.M

15

14 SQ.M

14.5 SQ.M

10

AMBEDKAR NAGAR SRA

PRATIKSHA NAGAR MHADA

SAMBHAJI NAGAR SRA

SITE AND SERVICES

RK CHAWL

SEASIDE SOCIETY

BHATIA CHAWL

BDD CHAWL

0,5

SWADESHI MARKET CHAWL

Site And Services

ATMARAM CHAWL

RK Chawl

MOTA MANDIR MANDIR

Seaside Society

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STUDY OF TYPICAL UNITS

BDD Chawls

Bhatia Chawl

FLOOR SPACE INDEX (FSI)

10.0

9.5

9.0

FLOOR SPACE INDEX

The points on the graph indicate the FSI currently consumed by each case in the study, and how they compare with standard FSI’s availabe for redevelopment of these project.As a purely academic exercise Seaside Society,as it currently stands on a plot that is in effect a pavement, equates to an FSI of 1.65.That it consumes an FSI comparitive to state-mandated figures, forms a valid argument against high rise, high densty moels like the SRA

8.5

8.0

7.5

7.0

6.5

6.0

Sambhaji Nagar SRA

5.5

Pratiksha Nagar MHADA

Ambedkar Nagar SRA

CURRENT FSI CONSUMED

5.0

4.5

4.0

R/D OF BDD

3.5

3.0

R/D OF SLUM WITH 500-650 TENEMENT DENSITY R/D OF CESSED BUILDINGS

2.5

R/D OF CERTAIN CATEGORY OF NON CESSED BUILDINGS

2.0

1.5

1.33 IN ISLAND CITY

1 MHADA -WORLD BANK SITE AND SERVICES

AMBEDKAR NAGAR SRA

PRATIKSHA NAGAR MHADA

SAMBHAHJI NAGAR SRA

SITE AND SERVICES

RK CHAWL

SEASIDE SOCIETY

BHATIA CHAWL

BDD CHAWLS

SWADESHI MARKET CHAWL

ATMARAM CHAWL

0.0

MOTA MANDIR CHAWL

0.5

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Mota Mandir Chawl

Atmaram Chawl

Swadeshi Market Chawl

CHARACTER ANALYSIS SOCIAL SPACE

100

95

90

PERCENTAGE OF BUA

All buildings are four storey structures and each floor has 20 rooms – ten on either side of the 3 m wide corridor. Each unit is provided with a mori, an element that was absent in one of the original test designs so as to reduce plumbing and construction costs. Later, due to protesting residents and difficulty in letting out rooms, the BDD made the addition of a nahani. The multipurpose space is used as a sleep space, while kitchens have been accommodated in cantilevered extensions.by a ladder from the services space.

85

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

CIRCULATION SPACE

20

15

10 SOCIAL SPACE OPEN SPACE

AMBEDKAR NAGAR SRA

PRATIKSHA NAGAR MHADA

SAMBHAHJI NAGAR SRA

SITE AND SERVICES

RK CHAWL

SEASIDE SOCIETY

BHATIA CHAWL

0

BDD CHAWLS

5

SWADESHI MARKET CHAWL

Site And Services

ATMARAM CHAWL

RK Chawl

MOTA MANDIR CHAWL

Seaside Society

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CHARACTER ANALYSIS

BDD Chawls

BUILT UP AREA PER PERSON

Bhatia Chawl

20

19

18

17

BUA, PLOT AREA/PERSON (SQ.M)

This graph is a function of the square metre area in terms of built up area and plot area of each of the 11 projects divided by the number of residents occupying the building.Atmaram chawl and Ambedhkar nagar SRA individually show a vast difference bewtween these two areas, with built up area per person significantly higher than plot area per person in both cases.In BDD chawls and Site and services projects, the two ratios lie close to each other on the graph, in both cases plot area per person being higher than built up area per person.

16

15

14

13

12

Sambhaji Nagar SRA

11

Pratiksha Nagar MHADA

Ambedkar Nagar SRA

10

9

8 BUILT UP AREA PER PERSON 7

6

5

4

3

2 PLOT AREA PER PERSON

AMBEDKAR NAGAR SRA

PRATIKSHA NAGAR MHADA

SAMBHAHJI NAGAR SRA

SITE AND SERVICES

RK CHAWL

SEASIDE SOCIETY

BHATIA CHAWL

BDD CHAWLS

SWADESHI MARKET CHAWL

ATMARAM CHAWL

0

MOTA MANDIR CHAWL

1

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