Page 1

nk niharika

kannan

Master of Science in Architecture and Urban Design’18 Graduate School of Architecture ,Planning & Preservation Columbia University


Global 6 Unbuilding and Repurposing a SEZ Design Water Urbanism Studio

Regional 26

34

Fluctuating Border Research Regional Infrastructure Studio

Park Lines Design Regional Infrastructure Studio

New York City 48 Water Living Design Five Borough Studio

Mapping 58

62

Post disaster relief in Haiti Mapping vulnerability GIS

Surplus-Waste-Surplus Mining Landscapes of Johannesburg Conflict Urbanism

Visual 48 The fifth perspective D-teq Five Borough Studio

Research 76

72 Mis-matched 21st century housing Speculative city crisis,turmoil a nd projections in architecture

Constructed Wetlands and Water Plazas WWTP,City of Kingston Ecological Infrastructure

80 The People’s Panagal Pedestrianization of Chennai,India Global Street Design


GLOBAL


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ From man-made edges to field occupations

T

Team | Deeksha Kalra,Linda Schilling,Niharika Kannan

he project is a critique of the solutions developed to confront the water scarcity predicted to hit Jordan in the upcoming years. Based on economic and ecological triggers, the proposal presents a future for the city of Aqaba where two realities coexist. On the one hand, a world that carries business as usual where the Red to Dead water conveyance pipeline project is in full swing. And another one that reclaims the

Ayla 2013

Edgeworks of lagoons of Ayla

abandoned real estate built stock of the Ayla corporation by occupying and repurposing the man-made shoreline, developing a strategy that goes from edge to a field of hyperlocal economies.

Ayla 2011

6


UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

For this exercise, the two axes chosen are Governance and Design. This scenario planning is dealing with the framework of a Special Economic Zone(SEZ) in the city of Aqaba. Within this framework, the axis of Governance is seen as a world with or without the governing body of  ASEZA while the design axis are worlds with a closed or open design feature that is closed as in enclaves- as Aqaba is being planned currently, and Open - as the urban fabric of the old city. 7

Scenario Planning-Axes of Design and Governance

Spring


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba


Spring

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

The Land caring society scenario proposes a new landscape of remediated lagoons from the luxury developments cared by co-operatives that take residence in some of the units vacated by the tourist.Within this scenario, Each pool is part of a system stretching from the wadi to the shore, which collects overflown sediment. They are the measuring unit by which the ones who tend to them configure working cycles.

Land Caring Society A micro economy of fertility


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba


Spring

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

Post-developer world occurs in around 2030 an presents a future in which luxury developments sit empty after the SEZ is disolved. These units are salvaged by migrant workers and newcomers to the city.This develops in the same enclosed enclaves of winding roads from Ayla and Saraya were the remnants of globalization are sold in parts. The spatial unit by which everything else is articulated is one residential unit.

Post developer World Unbuliding Globalism


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba


Spring

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

Hyper Future Planning The new SEZ offspring : The Lane Hyper future planning is design around stacking and coalescing paths for different types of assets that move through Aqaba.This massive infrastructure hypes the transit of goods through Aqaba and helps define a new position for Jordan in the middle east. This infrastructure survives the SEZ long after borders change and is hacked by a new population that uses it as a harvesting platform. Its spatial unit is the width of existing roads.This new spine of infrastructure is aided by the ASEZA and other international investors who would benefit


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba


Spring

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

Energy Commons Post fossil fuel energy collection Energy commons relies on a close future were a post oil economy is setting in as a reality for Jordan. The SEZ has accomplished its established priority of busting tourism projects, and now is dealing with an excess of waste generated by the luxury developments. This repurposing reconfigures the old bastion of fossil fuel extraction as new energy nodes were renewable energy is harvested. The harvesting encompasses also the recycling and composting of waste, helping the city metabolize its own excess and meet its own energy needs through the 8 sites of old gas stations along the zone. The spatial unit for this economy is the size of one compost pool.


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba

Roadmap to Aqaba

The image shows two realities juxtaposed against one another where Ayala depicts a localized solution dependent on microeconomic transactions while the red to dead conveyance commentary is a possible consequence of a mega-scale investment.


UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

Road Map of Aqaba-Metric of Change

Spring


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba

18


UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

Ayla Tapping water from the flash floods becomes the ecological trigger that initiates this field remediation reducing the salinity of the lagoons giving way to a new productive landscape. The DISI scare triggers the prototyping of new desalination process through solar distillation. The brine produced creates new economies of Tilapia fish and spirulina algae farming. The middle and Upper lagoons are parceled to accommodate a salt scratching economy from the excess brine produced by the growing number of distillation plants.

Productive landscapes of Ayla

Spring

19


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba

The Lane This reality is based off the water conveyance project that will transport brackish water from the Gulf of Aqaba to the Dead Sea in an 8 meter diameter pipe to Amman. It is an image of how things could unfold around such a massive infrastructure and not how they should be designed for. The addition of the pipeline leads to a stacking highway situation with a hyped movement of people, goods and sea water. The DISI scare makes this a highly vulnerable resource for tapping and gives way to The Lane becoming a militarized corridor. Water patrollers and engineers tap the leakage to sell water to the water seekers. In the post fossil fuel economy, the gas stations along The Lane is repurposed to facilitate energy supply for distillation by the Water Engineers. 20


UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

The lane : Red to Dead Conveyance

Spring

21


Global Studio-Amman/Aqaba

In the Ayla site, the stakeholders are the Royal Marine Conservation Society of Jordan with registered fisherman and the University of Jordan while the military and USAID become the primary stakeholders in the Red to Dead conveyance site. 22


Spring

UNBUILDING AND REPURPOSING A SEZ

23


REGIONAL


Regional Studio

FLUCTUATING BORDER Laredo as a transit migration city

Team | Chenyu Xu,Leslie Chaung,Niharika Kannan,Yicheng Xu

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $ 67,320 HIGHER DEGREE RATE 49.3%

HISPANIC RATE

Demography

POVERTY RATE MEDIAN AGE

28.8% 13.8% 35.0

San Diego, CA

HISPANIC RATE

Mexcian Rate

5.90% 78.26%

HISPANIC R

92.9%

POVERTY RATE MEDIAN AGE

Unauthorized Popula�on

MEDIAN HO HIGHER DEG

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $ 28,044 HIGHER DEGREE RATE 16.1%

POVERTY RA MEDIAN AGE

32.7% 32.6

1,900,000

Nogales, AZ 2,200,000 Unauthorized Popula�on

11.01% 90.67%

Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

Mexcian Rate

San Diego, CA

El Paso

Nogales

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront Nogales Tijuana

3,100,000 1,900,000

Ciudad Juarez

839,000 1,500,000

20,000 2,200,000

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FLUCTUATING BORDER

Fall

Manufacturing 10% Transporta�on and Warehousing 13%

79.5% 20.1% 32.0

Professional, scien�fic, management, administra�ve, and waste management 12%

El Paso, TX

Arts, entertainment, recrea�on, accommoda�on, and food services 17%

Educa�onal, health, and social services 13% Top Unauthorized Industries of Employment

Top Unauthorized Industries of Employment

1,500,000

Educa�onal, health, and social services 13%

Laerdo

TEXAS

Unauthorized Popula�on Mexcian Rate

7.32% 95.45%

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME HIGHER DEGREE RATE

HISPANIC RATE POVERTY RATE MEDIAN AGE

$ 39,774 24.0%

95.2%

31.8% 28.5

Laredo, TX MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $ 40,302 HIGHER DEGREE RATE 21.7%

HISPANIC RATE POVERTY RATE MEDIAN AGE

Unauthorized Popula�on Mexcian Rate

10.01% 96.67%

98.7% 30.2% 25.9

384,000

Hidalgo, TX

Unauthorized Popula�on Mexcian Rate

10.61% 97.00%

1,003,000

Laredo Hidalgo

Nuevo Laredo

Reynosa

Menihitas perem quo bearum issitiost, omnihil iquisti bearum harum faciur aliquundem ut eum rero volorep ellendiant ut estrupt assinvendis 259,000 384,000

11,200 1,003,000

27

Secatibe runtum earum sincilla velenimus auta nobit raecus di omniet

ATE E

Construc�on 14%

Construc�on 23%

USEHOLD INCOME $ 43,692 GREE RATE 29.7%

RATE

Other services (except public administra�on) 12%

Other services (except public administra�on) 9%


Regional Studio


FLUCTUATING BORDER

Fall

$12,083 MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME MEDIAN HOUSE VALUE $ 68,347 MEDIAN CONTRACT RENT $ 461 POVERTY RATE 23.5% MEDIAN AGE 34.5

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $108,802 MEDIAN HOUSE VALUE $ 290,800 MEDIAN CONTRACT RENT $ 2,000+ POVERTY RATE 5.12% MEDIAN AGE 39.3

Laredo

Oli 19 82

Rio Grande

l Fal ce Pri

U.S

o Mexic

Nuevo Laredo

o Mexic U.S

1994

Act ration Immig

FTA

NA

1924

U.S

NAFTA

42

19

Brac ero

Pro gram

U.S

Mexic o

U.S

Mexic o

1962 Maquiladoras

o Mexic

Public Housing Lacation

U.S

20 03

Colonia Lacation

ed at re SC

DH

High Price Housing Zone Low Price Housing Zone

Timeline of Border Fluctuation 1924

1942

Formal Housing Laredo Public Housing

1962

1982

1994

2003


Laredo Population Migration

Regional Studio

Housing Vacancy in Texas DECREASING VACANCY

RISING VACANCY

EL PASO El Paso County Housing Units in 2010: 270,307 Change Since 2000: +20.4% Vacant Units in 2010: 13,750 Change Since 2000: -4.7%

LAREDO Webb County Housing Units in 2010: 73,496 Change Since 2000: +33.1% Vacant Units in 2010: 6,390 Change Since 2000: +43.1%

Menihitas perem quo bearum issitiost, omnihil iquisti bearum harum Standard of living condition comparison faciur aliquundem ut eum rero volorep ellendiant ut estrupt assinvendis 30


Fall

FLUCTUATING BORDER

31


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

PARK LINES New prospects for a Divided city

Team | Doulin Kong,Noor Malik,Niharika Kannan,Shuting Han

O

creating two redefined streets running between historic parks on the north and south sides of the city. The new streets link existing and new public, pedestrian and green spaces along their lengths, enabling gathering and varied programming for community interaction and growth. The new views, connections and activities create a sense of the city as shared experience, an updated interpretation of F. L. Olmsted’s hopes for park design in the US.

Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront

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Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

ur project aims to restitch the broken and divided fabric of the city by


Fall

PARK LINES

The cities in Hudson valley region have thrived with the robust parks infrastructure developed in the 19th century that facilitated community growth.However this infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and does not meet the needs of the local communities. 33


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

The city of Poughkeepsie suffers from a social, economic and cultural division. This division was further reinforced by the EastWest arterial during the urban renewal

Community Interaction 34


Community Engagement in Collegge Hill park,Walkway over the Hudson and Eastman Park

Fall

PARK LINES

35


Clinton North-South Connector

Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

Park Lines Phase 1 36


Fall

PARK LINES

Design Strategies

The new streets link existing and new public, pedestrian and green spaces along their lengths, enabling gathering and varied programming for community growth 37

Phasing of park Lines

Program calender


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

Family Partnership centre 38


Fall

PARK LINES

39


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

SHURBS

PAVEMENT

Five Point Intersection

SIDEWALK

40

CAR

CA


AR

PARK LINES

Fall

BENCHES

STRUCTURE

PARKING

URBAN FARM

SIDEWALK

41


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

College Hill Park 42


Secatibe runtum earum sincilla velenimus auta nobit raecus di omniet

Fall

PARK LINES

43


Regional Studio-Mid Hudson Valley

Bartlet Park 44


Fall

PARK LINES

45


NEW YORK CITY


Five Borough Studio-NewYork City

WATER LIVING Rethinking the north shore of Staten Island

Team | Niharika Kannan, Shih Hao Lio, Xiaohan Wang

Dilapidated Marina

Privatised Waterfront

48

Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

O

ur aim is to propose a model neighborhood which radically re-envisions affordable housing typologies in north shore of Staten Island. By creating Housing typologies mix used with commercial space along the waterfront, we are trying to make the waterfront more accessible.The new Waterfront will engage the residents, to live and work with the water. The waterfront is currently an underutilized area and aims to be more responsive to the ecology, including relevant programs like oyster farms, fishing decks and bird watching decks.This new economy generated from the water would provide ecologyrelated job opportunities that can hardly be acheived by automation. By hybridizing these social and ecological services, we aim to bring multiple values back to the waterfront, connecting both people and ecology to create a better mode of social-ecological neighborhood.


100 Year Flood Plane

Income

500 ft from shore -Flood prone area

$ 42,896 Downtown Staten Island $ 72,569 Staten island $ 52,259 NewYork City

Commute to Work

Historical Piers

3797 Work in Staten Island 357 Work in Saten Island live in Staten Island 9256 Work elsewhere live in Staten island

1951-10 piers 2017 -2 piers

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Current Issues in Staten Island

WATER LIVING

Summer


Five Borough Studio-NewYork City

HIL MODIGENIS

O

n s e r i t a t i o r i ommoditas nobit rat opta autem id quia comnien descium ullora nit aturitia conectum que consequi oditias minciatem nobitiassunt omnihit hil ipsanis voluptat digendi gentem utaecto volorum quas conse volorem quam es nimus aut maiori dolorest aut exceprese delitate nos volorati tem ressum hariam quiam quo comnis con rehendae dunt. Meniam dolorem doloruptis rehento est faccupt aquate porehent quat omnima core ni quis eum quiam fuga. Hillorem aut odipicia il ium volest, aut re dus sita nonsendis eat quidem quature lat aut quo volut ut A model neighborhood where the people of aut aut verciis dolorro latStaten aut Island would be able to work and live with the water. We are radically re-envisioning the concept of affordable housing typologies along with a resilient and ecological waterfront. A recreational buffer between the housing and the neighborhood becomes the new hub of this location attracting more people.


Secatibe runtum earum sincilla velenimus auta nobit raecus di omniet

Summer

WATER LIVING


Five Borough Studio-NewYork City

Interface

table tennis

basketball swing

retail

urban farming

garden

canopy strolling meadow

wetland bird watching

picnic zone

biking

boating

fishing oyster farming

aquatic plants

Affordable housing typologies are added along the waterfront with an accessible ferry service which would ease in the transportation for people commuting to work outside Staten Island.

Building Morphology

52


WATER LIVING

Interface

Summer

53


Five Borough Studio-NewYork City

Ecological Waterfront

Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront

54

Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

A key to resiliency is the 3-strategy approach, which is the break waters, wetlands and lastly the berm phased in the same order,acts as 3 gates towards any contingencies.


WATER LIVING

Ecological Waterfront

Summer

A new economy generated from the water would provide ecology-related job opportunities that can hardly be realized by automation today. Staten island has a large percentage of unemployed population and poverty is prevalent issue of concern in the neighbourhood. 55


MAPPING


GIS-Visual Studies

POST DISASTER RELIEF IN HAITI Assessing the most vulnerable Healthcare facilities in Haiti

h care facilities are e earthquakes? efore the earthquake in January 2010,46% of Haitians did re ones be located sonot have access to healthcare,because they nerable? could not afford it or because there was no health centre near them. The earthquake destroyed the health care infrastructure in Port-au-Prince and shutdown basic services critical for the delivery of healthcare.

Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina

After the earthquake in the 2010 Haiti, it became obvious that almost all of the health care facilities were located in high seismic intensity zones.

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront

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Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

B

Team | Jesse Hirakawa, Niharika Kannan, Shihhao Lio


Fall

POST DISASTER RELIEF IN HAITI

Methodology Part 1 I Identify vulnerable communes to earthquakes

Lithology Vulnerable to earthquake

Reclassify Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

+ X2

Tectonic Fault Tectonic Fault 10 mins walk bufferzone Buffer zone around fault

Reclassify Value Area Without Tectonic Fault Tectonic Fault 10mins walk bufferzone

0 1

+ Soil Type Georeference and making data, tracing soil image

Reclassify Value Soil With Clay Soil Without Clay

1 0

Methodology Part 1 I Identify vulnerable communes to earthquakes

++ X2

Topography Slope % DEM, mosaic, slope analysis

Reclassify Value 0-2.6 % 2.6-8.1% 8.1-14% 14-20% 20-27% 27-36% 36-74%

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

+ X2 Reclassify Value Area not within major watershed bufferzone Major Watershed Bufferzone

= 59

0 1

Hydrology Major watershed bufferzone Potential collapse area


GIS-Visual Studies

60


Fall

POST DISASTER RELIEF IN HAITI

61


Conflict Urbanism

SUPLUS WASTE SURPLUS The mining landscapes of Johannesberg

e are interested in “the relations of production” that are put in relief by the mines and the slag heaps. Indeed, as Marx tells us, these social relationships are involuntary and they structure society’s economic base. In particular, we are particularly interested in the relationship between surplus-value and waste, where the latter has transformed into the former with the passage of time. Our argument is that this transformation is mediated by what Mbembe calls "superfluity".

Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront

62

Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

W

Team | Betsy daniel,Chloe faux,Niharika Kannan


Fall

SURPLUS-WASTE-SURPLUS

This psychogeographic map illustrates, the geological/geographic overlap with the social: The physical landscape of Johannesburg, bisected by the gold reef that stages a division of labor haunted by apartheid. 63


Conflict Urbanism

Our aim was therefore to map what Rob Nixon calls “long-term emergency’, that which is that are underrepresented in strategic planning and official memory.”, which is to say in the geographical and historical imaginary. RESOLUTION. And COLOR were two useful analytics for our project for thinking about the difference between seeing and detecting.

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Fall

SURPLUS-WASTE-SURPLUS

65


Conflict Urbanism

Landsat bands (4,3,2) 4,3,2 is used to show natural color, ie. brown is earth and vegetation is green, it’s usually how one “perceives” how the world looks like Landsat bands (7,5,3) Healthy vegetation will be a bright green Grasslands will appear green Pink areas represent barren soil Oranges and browns represent sparsely vegetated areas Dry vegetation will be orange Water will be blue Sands, soils and minerals will be in multitude of colors Urban areas are in various shades of magenta The limitations of Landsat is that it cannot detect contamination as well as it won’t clearly depict uranium deposits

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Fall

SURPLUS-WASTE-SURPLUS

67


Digital Techniques

THE 5TH PERSPESCTIVE Digital TechniquesSummer

A

five point perpspective cinstructed wiht rhino and grashopper typically has vanishing points in 4 cardinal dorectiond the North,South,East and west.This was done as an experiment for the studio project of a man standing in the waterfront looking at the new Interface of the building connected to the waterfront.


THE 5TH PERSPECTIVE

Five Point Perpective

Summer

69


RESEARCH


Speculative City crisis,turmoil and projections in architecture

MISMATCHED Specuative city crisis,turmoil and projections in architecture

T

here has been a dramatic shift in American household post world war II.The family dynamic has changed drastically and reduced to a growing population of single adults.Ironically,the post war America, saw this sudden growing cult of domesticity which largely influenced the family and housing in the late 1950’s. The American cities today have become a canvas to McMansions and Levittown houses failing to adapt to the new dimensions in the concept of Domesticity.The project aims to assess the evolving domesticity and its relationship to the housing through this matrix of typologies starting from the world war to the single adult burb of today.

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Spring

MISMATCHED


Speculative City crisis,turmoil and projections in architecture


Spring

MISMATCHED

75


Ecological Infrastructure-Seminar

CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS & WATER PLAZAS City of Kingston,Waste Water Treatment Facility

he city of kingston in the mid-hudson valley region i sknown for its scenic waterfront along the roundout creek.The Waste water treatment facility of the city of kingston currently sits along the shore of the creek withing the 100 year flood plane making a very vulnerable infrastructure. The WWTP also discharges the outflow directly onto the hudson river making it very polluted along this area.A resilient strategy has been applied to this edge to make the edge a softer one accomodate the emergent wetlands of this site. Algae beds are deployed to filter the discharged water and they are further crushed to generate energy for the WWTP.Berms also protect the WWTP infrastructure making it more resilient to flood damage.

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Combined sewer discharge onto the hudson river

Current conditions of the Water front

T

Team | Sofia valdivieso,Niharika Kannan

Vulnerable WWTP infrastructure


CONSTRUCTUED WETLANDS AND WATER PLAZAS

Resilient Edge

Fall

832 ECOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE DSON VALLEY SKETCHES : City of Kingston, Waste Water treatment plant

The vulnerable Waste water treatment facility in the city kingston along the roundout creek in the mid--hidson valley region.The structure is poorly mainatined and currently pollutes by discharging the outflow directly onto the hudson river.The structure is also within the 100 year flood plane.

arika Kannan (nk2740), Sofia Valdivieso (sv2527) 2/2017

77


Ecological Infrastructure-Seminar

The alage beds act as water purfiers along the shore of the creek treating the secondary treated water outflor from the WWTP. 78


CONSTRUCTUED WETLANDS AND WATER PLAZAS

The new edge of the shore

Fall

79


Global Street Design-Seminar

THE PEOPLE’S PANGAL Pedestrianizing the silk market of Chennai,India Team | Donovon Dunkley,Niharika Kannan

T

The street redesign involved a pedestrian priority strategy. Two lanes on either side of the street were removed for pedestrian movement.A dedicatedlane for the Bus and taxi service helps in efficient public transportation.

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Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina

Current conditions of the streets of chennai,India

he site is one busiest Silk market in the city of chennai which is known for lack of road safety.The flyover is currently not being utilised to its full capacity. Unauthorised street vendors have taken over edges of the street.The fly over along its footrprint facilitates unauthorised parking under the elevated causing traffic congestions. Pedestrains do not have designated lanes for movement and walk along the vehiclaur lanes which causes alot of accidents.

Figure 2 : Privatised Waterfront


Phasing proposal for the design strategy

Spring

THE PEOPLES PANGAL

81


Global Street Design-Seminar

The reorganization of traffic via this green island allows the implementation of force turn lanes and protective buffers for crossing pedestrians. Pedestrian refuge islands and crosswalks were also implemented after reducing the size of the streets themselves in order to ensure a safe experience. 82


Spring

THE PEOPLES PANGAL

83


Global Street Design-Seminar

3 way intersection-before

Raised intersection-before

3 way intersection-after

Raised intersection-after

Parking detail

Flood management deatil

84

Current conditions of the Water front, North shore,Staten Island

Figure 1 : Dilapidated Marina


Spring

THE PEOPLES PANGAL

Before

After

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