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Vol:4 February


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Walking under a ladder will bring bad luck If a person breaks a mirror, he will have bad luck for seven years or somebody in his family will die. To prevent this, pieces of the broken mirror should be buried immediately. If a black cat passes in front of you, it will bring bad luck. If someone hands a cutting utensil, like a knife or scissors, directly to someone, they will fight. To prevent a fight, the giver should put the utensil on the ground, a table, desk or chair, so the receiver can pick it up. You should get out of the bed from the right side so that your day starts well. You should enter your house with your right foot so you will have happiness in your house. A shop owner enters his establishment with his right foot so he’ll get good business. You should not cut your nails at night. Turkish people believe that you will shorten your life for shortening your nails at night. You shouldn’t whistle at night because it brings evil. You shouldn’t sweep your house at night. Sweeping at night brings poverty to the house. Washing clothes on Saturday brings bad luck. If a woman with a headache enters a mosque and sweeps it with her scarf, her headache will go away. If a dog barks during the call for prayer, someone in the neighborhood will die. If you light a cigarette with a candle, a sailor will die at sea. If you see a snake on your way somewhere, it’s a sign of good luck. If you measure a baby’s length, the baby will remain short. If a person steps over a baby, it’s considered bad luck since babies are assumed to be angels. If a young girl wears a married man’s ring, she will have bad luck in her marriage. If a woman eats eggs during her pregnancy, her child will be very naughty. Ayşenur Bebek

1. Two people should never wash their hands together in the some water this will lead to a quarrel between them 2. It is unlucky to cut your finger nails on fridays or sundays 3. Breaking a mirror wil result in seven years bad luck 4. We call it a bad luck if a black cat crassed your path 5. If the baottom of your feet itches you will make a trip

Fahri Evren

Hello! My name is Burak KURT. I’m 16 years old. I’ll talk about some superstitions in Turkey. - It is unlucky to cut fingernails on a Friday or Sunday. - Hiccups are caused by someone who dislikes you complaining to someone else. The only way to stop them is to guess the name of the person maligning you. - Stepping on ants brings rain. - If you feel chill up your spine, someone is walking on your future grave. - If you can blow out all the candles on your birthday cake in the first breath, you will get whatever you wish for. - To make a happy marriage, the bride must wear: something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue. - Two people should never wash their hands together in the same water - this will lead to a quarrel between them GOOD BYE..! Burak Kurt

- Two people should never wash their hands together in the same water - this will lead to a quarrel between them. - It is unlucky to cut fingernails on a Friday or Sunday. - Hiccups are caused by someone who dislikes you complaining to someone else. The only way to stop them is to guess the name of the person maligning you. - Stepping on ants brings rain. - It is considered bad luck if a black cat crossed your path. - If you can catch a falling leaf on the very first day of autumn, you will have an entire year without catching cold. - If the bottom of your feet itch, you will make a trip.


BLACK CAT: When we see a BLACK CAT, we pull our hair.  Number 13: The belief that the number 13 is ominous in the world are so common that, in many aspects of life is seriously affected. In some countries, the number 13 will not be given to the doors of houses, planes 13 There is no row of seats, apartments, hotels, 13 or is 12A or 14 times. There is no room number 13. Even though people do not want to stay in that room. Even the ritual of absenteeism in 13, cancellation of flights and train bookings, shopping and fall-like behavior to the United States is said to have cost millions of dollars a day. This belief that a phobia is accepted as a kind of dread disease name 'It is triskaidekaphobia but it’s lucky for us for example... 1453 the conquest of İstanbul 1+4+5+3=13 571=5+7+1=13 Burak


Prophet MUHAMMAD’s birth year Can

Hi ! I'm Berfin.I will explain to superstitions in my country. First , if your right hand itches, you are going to win money. I think, this is silly :D but if your left hand itches, you will lose money. My right hand always itches, but I never win money :D Second, when your feet itches, it means you will travel. And if your eyes stare into space, visitor will come. Finally, if your stuffed vine leaves were spoilt, it's bad-luck (stuffed vine leave is our traditional food)

Superstitions in the Turkey • The knife is put on the person who is dead in the night until the morning. • Tree is doesn’t cut in the cemetary. Because jinn is believed to be in the tree. • Pointing a cemetary with your finger doesn’t good. İf you did, your finger will dry. • When a wolf howls either will be frosty or it will snow. • If a owl hoots on a house, who will die in the house or something bad will be. • When a coyote howls, the weather will nice and sunny. • Spiting fire, reviling fire, throwing nail to fire and pouring the water to fire is bad luck. • Who looks at mirror in the night he or she will die soon. • You mustn’t sit on the sill, because there is demon on the sill. PETEK GÜRBÜZ


Neapolitan legends. Legends and myths are ancient tales, usually handed down orally. Italy has many legends and popular tales that derive from our ancient Greek , Latin, Pagan or Catholic traditions. But Naples, where we live, is particularly reach in legends and myths Within the Neapolitan myths and legends there are characters of the town of Naples itself. Sometimes these stories make us smile, but sometimes they are life lessons.

The mermaid Partenope. Naples is also known as ‘Partenope’ because its origin is united to a legend that says that the founder of the city was Partenope, a pretty girl who lived in Greece. She was a dreamer and she used to spent many hours on the rocks looking out to sea. He loved the young Cimon, and he loved her, but her father hindered the relationship, because he had promised her daughter to Eumaeus. So the two young lovers decided to escape and they came to a new land that was considered a true paradise on earth. And from their love flowers rose up on that land. For this reason, also Partenope’s father, sisters, relatives and friends and even the Phoenicians and Egyptians came there. Many walls were built to protect the city. Meanwhile Partenope gave birth to twelve children, she was loved and respected by everybody for her loyalty and her laws were respected by everyone. Peace reigned always on these people, which was distinguished by the high degree of civilization achieved.

The “Castel dell'Ovo”.

On the ancient island of Megaride stands the majestic “Castel dell 'Ovo”. (One of our most famous monuments still in the city) According to a Neapolitan legend it is so called because of the egg that Virgil would have hidden inside a cage in the basement of the castle. From that moment the fate of the castle, together with that of the whole city of Naples, has been united to that of the egg. According to the narration, at the time of Queen Giovanna I, the castle suffered huge damages because of the collapse of the arch that joins the two rocks on which it is built. To prevent the spread of panic in the city for new disasters, Queen Joan was forced to declare to have replaced the egg.

O 'munaciello. There are many legends about the strangest character of Naples, “o' munaciello “. The character is dreaded by the people for his spites but he is also loved because sometimes he does some well-accepted surprises. He appears as an old man-child wearing a habit. Tradition tells that the name was given in the sixteenth century to a sickly child foundling, who died very young, famous for his vivacity. The story of this child is probably invention of the people who wanted to assign benevolent aspects to a demonic person. The people are no longer afraid of “o munaciello” that can unexpectedly leave the money without asking for anything in return. In fact it people say that “o' munaciello " was the owner of the water wells and he could easily enter in homes, through the tunnels used to drop buckets. When he wasn’t paid for his services he avenged doing spites to the inhabitants of the house.

The good luck amulet. One of the most important and interesting traditions of Naples is the legend of “the good luck amulet”. A little pointed amulet is considered an object that can expel the evil and attract the luck. But according to Neapolitan tradition, “the good luck amulets” must be rigid, peaky and it must be a present. It was usually hang on the door of the houses, because it was considered the symbol of fertility. This object had to be craft, because hands gave extraordinary beneficial powers to it. Symbolically, it was like the penis, symbol of prosperity and good luck charms for business and money

Sometimes a ‘Pulcinella’ ( the Neapolitan traditional mask)

or a hunchbacked man,

or other amulets ( like horseshoeses, four-lef clovers, ladybags)


hang around with the good luck amulet and reinforce the good luck messages.

by Brunella, Maria,Chiara,Annalucia,Simona xoxo <3

POLAND Dear Żaneta Dyląg

How to avoid bad weather

Poland, as any other country in the world, has got many superstitions. For example, the ones related to weddings. It is considered to bring bad luck if someone has wedding in May, but on the other hand, it is good if the wedding takes place in a month that has the letter "R" in its name. Speaking of bringing luck, it isn't good to have roses with spikes in a bouquet, not only because they are unwieldy, but also for the reason that they symbolize a cut on the heart. Also, if the future married couple wants to have a nice weather during the ceremony, the bride should put her shoes on the window-sill the day before it. Of course, no one believes in every superstition, but some of them are actually meaningful. This one about "R" month is quite accurate. Polish weather is unpredictable, and some months which have "R" in their names are pretty much the only ones in which there are chances of sunny and not clouded sky - like czerwiec (June), sierpień (July) and wrzesień (September). Zuza Wużyk

Superstitions Red Ribbon on the Baby's Crib This is not a very popular Polish superstition. It comes from Jewish culture, I think. Red ribbon is thought to protect the baby from “ the evil eye or demons”. Lilith, one such demon, is specifically suspected of stealing small children for herself, since, as legend has it, she is forever bitter about her own inability to bear children. Red ribbon was a popular Medieval amulet to protect mothers and children against her attack, but some people still believe in that and you can spot a lot of cribs and prams decorated with a red ribbon.

Kasia Zacharias


In Poland, as in most European countries, we have a lot of superstitions. Some of them are the same as in other lands in the world but there are also some beliefs which are popular, used and known only in our country. I’ve decided to describe and find some more information about one of the most frequently used superstitions in my family which said that if you leave a handbag on the floor or on the ground you probably will run out of money .

First of all, I wanted to know where this belief came from. I’ve asked my grandparents, parents and some others relatives about the origin of this superstition but no one had any idea about it , so I’ve started to browsing internet websites hoping that maybe there is some information concerning it but my searching didn’t work out, I’ve still haven’t found any information . That’s why I decided to speculate about the origin of this belief. I’ve figured out some examples why Polish people could have made this superstition . The easiest solution to this puzzle is that this belief was “invented” by some person who accidently lost his money because she/ he didn’t see that the bag she/he put on the floor fell over and all the coins poured out underneath the locker. Another idea that came to my mind (some of us can find this idea as ridiculous ) was the possibility that it was made up by people in the middle ages who strongly believed in some supernatural forces. So they probably could come up with this superstition because they were afraid that if they leave their bags on floor without care some creatures, maybe a dwarf or a gnome, can steal their money from it .

Of course, there is undoubtedly some more likely explanations of the origin of this superstition . If you want ,you may try to figure it out on your own! You probably want to hear my opinion about this superstition. Frankly speaking, I don’t believe in this kind of things. I rather find myself as a level- headed and grounded person. Surprisingly enough, a lot of people in Poland really think that believing in superstitions can affect them and you probably know the irony of life – the more you believe it will happen the more likely it is it will come true. To conclude, I think that willingness to find out the origin of some belief can be the first step to find out something more about the culture of your own country. Who knows how many interesting facts you still don’t know about your homeland… Written by Agnieszka Maslakiewicz

Silly superstitions Unlucky numbers

This superstition is not strictly Polish. In many cultures we can come across certain numbers which are supposed to bring bad luck. In Poland, 13 is the number which is considered notorious for causing misfortune. The origin of this superstition is unknown to me, I cannot think of any hidden and evil meaning connected with number 13. Some people seem to take these beliefs too far. For instance, I have heard of hotels in which rooms number 13 are missing because the owners think nobody would want to stay in a room with such an unlucky number. Some numbers may be even unluckier than others, it seems. In Japan, for that matter, number 4 is doubly problematic. Not only is it considered to bring bad luck but also its Japanese equivalent sounds exactly like another Japanese word “shi” which means “death”. Imagine how awful it might literally feel to stay in hospital on a “death” floor. Spooky. Looks like our 13 is not that bad, after all. By Zuza Wużyk


Greek superstitions

Bat Bones Many people consider bat bones to be very lucky, sometimes they will carry a small bat bone in their purses or pockets.

Crows Crows are supposed to bring bad news and misfortune. They are sometimes considered omens of death.

Evil Eye The evil eye is a malevolent look believed to be able to cause injury or misfortune for the person at whom it is directed usually for reasons of envy. To ward it off, there are a few different things you can do, for example you can buy a necklace or a bracelet with blue charms that look like eyes.

Touch Red / â&#x20AC;&#x153;Piase Kokkinoâ&#x20AC;?

Sometimes two people have the same thought and speak the same words at the same time. Many Greeks believe this to be an omen that those two people will get into a fight and they say ‘Piase Kokkino’ or ‘Touch Red’ to avoid the argument. Both people have to touch something that’s red, right then and there.


- Antonis

1. Stay forever young by carrying an acorn Forget anti-ageing creams - in Ancient Britain, women carried acorns in their pockets to stay looking young. According to Richard Webster in The Encyclopedia of Superstitions the oak tree was believed to provide longevity and to ward off illness due to its long life. 2. Don't eat lettuce if you want to have children In the 19th century, English men avoided salads if they wanted to start a family. In The Oxford Dictionary of Superstitions (Iona Opie and Moira Tatem, Oxford University Press, £9.99), a book on 'Plant Lore' suggests that lettuce was detrimental to child-bearing because it was a 'sterile' plant, and "as plants exhibited peculiarities in their actions, so were they supposed to operate on man". 3. Don't chew gum at night Fancy freshening up before a night out? Stick to mouthwash in Turkey. Harry Oliver, author of Black Cats and Four Leaf Clovers, says that the Turkish believe that "if you're chewing gum at night in Turkey, you're actually chewing the flesh of the dead".

4. Never give gloves as a present...

...well, you can, but you must also receive something in return, or you'll both have bad luck.

Gloves are attached to a whole host of superstitions , dating back to Medieval times and the days of chivalry, when Knights wore a lady's glove in their helmets. It's also bad luck to drop a glove, and then pick it up yourself - derived from the custom of a lady dropping a glove in the hope a prospective lover picks it up.

5. Off to an important meeting? Look out for a goat. The goat has been associated with debauchery, lust and the Devil for thousands of years - and is also believed to absorb any evil or harm that may cross your path. That's why it was once considered good luck to encounter a goat when travelling to an important meeting.

6. If your skirt turns up, you'll receive a new dress Ever get an annoying fold in your skirt when you've sat on it strangely? According to old folklore, a new outfit might be coming your way.

The Oxford Dictionary of Superstitions cites that in 1914, it was " a common belief that if the lower edge of a woman’s skirt has become turned up so as to form a kind of pocket, some good fortune, such as a present of a new dress, will come to the owner."

7. An awkward silence means an Angel is passing over This rather whimsical explanation for a lull in conversation is attributed to Dylan Thomas' Portrait of the Artist - it features the line ‘A host of angels must be passing by … What a silence there is!’.

8. Eat grapes at midnight for good luck On New Year's Eve in Spain, not everyone kisses as the clock strikes twelve. The superstitious eat twelve grapes at midnight for 12 months of good luck.

9. Go to hospital on a Wednesday According to The Encyclopedia of Superstitions, an old wives tale says the best day to go to hospital is a Wednesday. Monday is the best day to leave and Saturday is the worst - as it means you'll soon be back.

10. Pass a newborn baby through a rind of cheese

In Medieval England, expectant mothers made a 'Groaning Cheese' - a large wheel of cheese that matured for nine months as the baby grew. When the 'groaning time' or birth came, the cheese would be shared out amongst the family - and when nothing but the outer rind was left, the baby would be passed through the wheel of cheese on Christening day to be blessed with a long and prosperous life. 11. Tuck your thumbs in if you pass a graveyard In Japan, if a hearst passes you by, or you walk by a graveyard, you must tuck your thumbs in to protect your parents. This is because the Japanese word for thumb literally translates as "parentfinger" and so by hiding it you are protecting your parents from death.

12. If a bird poos on your house, you'll be rich In Russia, if a bird defecates on you, your car or your property it's good luck, and may bring you riches. The more birds involved, the richer you'll be!

13. Keep a hot cross bun for a year Much like the tradition of keeping a slice of wedding cake after the ceremony, this slightly grim superstition is supposed to bring luck. Hot cross buns were originally eaten at ancient pagan festivals - but without the cross. Christians added this in later to ward off evil spirits, and once baked on Good Friday morning, one was hung in the house for a year to bring good luck. Florida Ilazaj

Dear friends Hi my friends. My name is Catherine. I am writing this article to talk about the superstition which there are in my country. Nowadays there are many superstitions in my country and many people believe in them. First of all many people think in jinx such as black cats which they don’t want to see them. They don’t want to leave open the scirroros. Furthermore the mirrors which are broken means seven years bad luck in our lives. Also there are some people who believe that we don’t have to open an umbrella in indoor places. Someone consider that Friday the 13th is very jinxed day. When we listen an owl to yell this means that someone will die. My opinion is that we don’t must think in this superstitions because it is very bad for me. I believe that this superstition are lie. I can’t understand that many people believe in this ideas bacause i think this can create problems in their lives.

Hello everyone!!!! Has anybody heard about superstitions and how do they react on our lives? Superstitions are definitely a characteristic feature of every nation’s tradition and we attribute them to our descendants. Almost every day, people had to face unexpected and unknown facts so creating such stories was the only way to explain and understand them. A great number of superstitions have survive through the time passing and there are not few people who still believe in them. Like a lot of countries, Greek tradition is also full of superstitions and Greek people have gotten used to live with them. This is a mysterious for the majority task, that worth to undertake with. So, let me to present you some superstitions of my country.

A horseshoe makes you richer and wealthier and the webs in the corners of your house bring you really good luck. Also, right eye’s «flying» prejudices you for a pleasant new when left eye’s «flying» warns you to be prepared for a bad new. Mirror’s braking is equal to seven years of bad luck.

It is believed that this object adopts souls and with its braking, these souls spread.

Moreover, if you see a black cat, you will have one of the worst days in your life and… BE CAREFUL!!!! Do not open a black umbrella in your house, unless you want to be unlucky.

When Greek people hear about a disease, a death or something bad, they use to say «touch wood» so as the bad energy to be transferred to the walls or according to another opinion so as the bad spirits not to listen what they are saying and make it come true. Finally, I do really want to make something clear. Greek people do not believe that Friday and 13th is not a good day for them. A bad day for them is thought to be TUESDAY and 13 TH, the historical date of Constantinople demise (by Ottomans). So, as we can understand superstitions have a great affect on people’s lives. But, are they real?????????? It’s up to you! Isidora Katsarou

PREJUDICE!!! Greece is a contry full of myths and prejudice. Personally, I have heard a lot of them, especially by older people but I choose not to believe them. However, some of them are widespread and most people know them. One of the most popular prejudice concerns avoid coming across a black cat ib a Tuesday the 13th.

Another prejudice is about mirrors. If you accidentally brak a mirror then, bad luck will follow you for seven long years. My grandma used to scold me if I left the scissors open. She said it was bad luck and something bad would happen. I have also heard of people who don't want walk under a ladder because they believe they attract bad luck if the do so. Prejudice is a part of every culture around the world. Every people has numerous prejudice which are part of their tradition and defines who we are. So, no matter if we believe prejudice or not they are a part of ourselves.


Superstitions are creations of ignorance, fear, and insecurity of ordinary people.

Some superstitions are: *Passing under a ladder *Black cat *Lighting three cigarettes with the same match *Carrots for good eyesight *Crossing fingers *Open umbrella inside the house *Teeming oven *Upside underwear *Chewing gum at night *Four-leaf clover *Admiration of an infant

Maria Dedegkika  

Superstitions => a belief or notion, not based on reason or knowledge, in or of the ominous significance of a particular thing, circumstance, occurrence, proceeding, or the like. 1. a system or collection of such beliefs. 2. a custom or act based on such a belief. 3. irrational fear of what is unknown or mysterious, especially in connection with religion. 4. any blindly accepted belief or notion. SOME SUPERSTITIONS:

Petal =>

Nektarios Dedegkikas A1â&#x20AC;?


Adolescence is the unhappiest time is most people’s lives Every people had a period of adolescence in their life and everyone has their opinion about that lifetime. Every day we go to school feeling the pressure and trying to find acceptance. Firstly, all teachers and parents hope for the better results of every teen, they have to study hard and do a lot of homework. Not wanting to waste their free time or feeling too tired, teens starts to skip doing their homework. Secondly, teens think, that it’s good time to try new things, what they’re not allowed to do like drinking alcohol or trying drugs. However, there is another side of arguments about adolescence. Most people say that it’s the best time in our lives and the time when we can live without troubles. For example, we don’t need to think about such things as taxes or jobs and money. We can experience what is first love like. Also we hope that we can change the world to a better place and it’s not too late. In conclusion, each people adolescence experience in their own way, but in my opinion it’s the best time when you can try new things and feel careless not thinking about adults things. Simona Arnašiūtė

Lithuanian Proverbs There's no place like home. Hens go to land, a lazybones go to sleep. Bread cries being eaten by a lazy man. People without education like a house without windows. Repetition is a mother of knowledge.

Rita Milkeryte Movie night in Žemaičių Naumiestis gymnasium 7 January was movie night in our gymnasium again. Students gathered in the school hall to watch movie “Intouchables”. It is a 2011 French comedy-drama directed by Olivier Nakache and Éric Toledano. This film tells the story of the improbable bond that grows between Philippe (François Cluzet, Little White Lies, Tell No One), a wealthy quadriplegic, and Driss (Sy, Micmacs), a young offender of Senegalese descent who is hired as his live-in caregiver. Widower Philippe lives with his teenage daughter in a luxurious Paris apartment. When a paragliding accident leaves him paralyzed from the neck down, Philippe requires a caregiver to assist him with his daily physical needs. With the help of his assistant Magalie (Audrey Fleurot, The Women on the Sixth Floor), he interviews a number of highly qualified candidates, all of whom he subsequently rejects in favor of Driss, a recently released ex-con who has only applied for the job to ensure that he keeps getting welfare payments. Charmed by Driss’ brash self-confidence and sometimes brutal straightforwardness, the jaded Philippe finds the young man’s lack of pity precisely what he needs in a caregiver. Thus begins an unlikely friendship which will change both men's lives in remarkable ways. Based on a true story and propelled by Sy’s charismatic performance, The Intouchables is a thoroughly enjoyable culture-clash comedy about a friendship that transcends social and economic divides, effortlessly balancing gravity with buoyant, effervescent humor. Vidmantė, Martyna, Gabrielė N.

Pupils Shined on Christmas Carnival 5-8 grades had the topic “Good old songs“, the senior pupils prepared the performances on the topic “Films and cartoons“. Pupils put a lot of efforts to reveal the themes. They tried to portray a variety of situations, characters. All were welcomed by Santa Claus who arrived with a Snowdrop and a Dwarf. They led this event. All classes were inventive but all turned out differently. The pupils did their best that the short performances were as interesting as possible. There was also a happy surprise; it was parents’ committee performance. I - IV class pupils showed many genres of films. We saw scenes different films: horror films “The Grudge“, “The Conjuring“, “Scream“, a wellknown film “Home alone”“, also we saw a comedy “Mask“, animation film “Ice Age”. There were the scenes from the Lithuanian film “Women lie better“, and the news program. For outstanding performances all classes were treated by sweets. After the carnival pupils had a disco.

SUPERSTITIONS People always talk about superstitions. Superstition, belief in supernatural causality: that one event leads to the cause of another without any natural process linking the two events, such as astrology, religion, omens, witchcraft, etc., that contradicts natural science.

Now we present some Lithuanian superstitions: • To give a present made from bone or stone means to wish bad or even death.

• The shatter mirror brings misfortune, if mirror cleave, you must take out it from home and bury.

• If you see spider in the morning, wait for luck. If you see it at night, wait for a bad.

• If a knife, a fork or a spoon falls to the ground – you can expect for a guest.

• If a black cat ran across the road – look around for metallic item. If you touch it, you can save yourself from disaster.

• If a bird hits the window, it brings bad news for you.

• If you see a new moon first time from the left, wait for misfortune.

• Never get out from the bed on the left leg. Disaster – guaranteed.

• Never let someone take off a ring from your finger and measure it, because it can remove happiness.

• Never put your bag on the ground, because you will never have happiness.

Written by Gabrielė Nausėdaitė

POLAND Dear Barbara Jurzyk

Superstitions have existed since the beginning of mankind. They are the belief that particular events, rituals, actions and objects bring good or bad luck. Poland, like any other culture, has its own superstitions which we are going to have a closer look at in this article.  Number 13/Friday the 13th . In Poland many people are superstitious about the number 13, especially of Friday 13th. They believe that the best way to avoid bad luck is to stay at home and do nothing this day.  Black cats. If you see a black cat crossing your way you should stop and make three steps backwards. However, if you ignore this belief and go forward you can be unlucky.  Broken mirror. If you break the mirror it probably brings you bad luck. Then you will be unhappy for seven years.  Left leg. We shouldn’t start our day with left leg, because it brings us bad mood.  Knock on wood. If you want to succeed in something or are afraid of a sudden change of fortune, you could do worse than knock on wood to scare bad luck away.  A chimney-sweep. When they see a chimney-sweep in the street, people catch to bottom, because they think that they will have good luck.  Rainbow.

If you see a rainbow in the sky you should find the end of it, and then you will find a pan with plenty of coins. You can become rich.  Cross fingers. When you promise something you’re not going to do you must cross your fingers and don’t have to keep the promises.  Count to ten. If you happen to forget something from home and you must go back to retrieve it, you better sit down for a moment and count to ten.  Red ribbon. Polish people to attach red ribbon to a babies stroller or clothes to protect the baby if someone looks at it with an evil eye.  The first man. If the first person to enter a house on a Christmas Eve is a woman, it is a bad omen, thus is it more preferable when a man is the first to cross the threshold of the house.  Lucky objects. People also believe of the magic power of lucky objects such as horseshoes, elephants with raise trunk or a four-leaf clover. Many superstitious people wear talismans, carry lucky stones to chose away evil spirits. Students often bring their lucky pens or favorite toys to exams and brides wear something blue, new, old and borrowed from happily married women for the wedding ceremony.

*Cover picture is copyrighted by targetstudy.con

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Uğur ÖMÜR ELT Teacher uguromur@gmail.com February 2014

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