STAGE TWO PORTFOLIO MEGAN NIGHTINGALE
Page 4 Day in the life
Page 8 Study Type
Page 12 Leith 2030
Page 23 Dwelling Plus
Page 44 Inhabit
Page 56 Construction Architecture
Page 60 Technology
A DAY IN THE LIFE
JOURNEY TO AND FROM UNIVERSITY. As I live in Jesmond, the distance to Uni compared to last year is much further. An investment in a bike was both a time saver and a money saver. I often take the same route (as highlighted in red) as it is quicker. However if I am ahead of time or fancy a scenic route, I will ride the back roads of Jesmond past exhibition park. Regardless of the route I take, I will always head in the same direction leaving my house on Manor house road, as shown in my perspective. My bike provides me with easiness I did not have before and many health benefits. It is an object I use throughout the day and continue using through my time at university.
LIVING SPACE FROM MORNING TO EVENING.
BEDROOM SPACE FROM MORNING TO EVENING.
Living in a house of eight people presents its challenges in every shared space. The living room is where we spend most of our time socially. As my threes diagrams represent, at each point in the day, the use of the sofas and table changes. In the morning, the space is normally vacant as we are all either in bed or on our way to Uni. When it comes to midday, my housemates our home for lunch, with the boys playing Xbox and the rest of us eating lunch, so the space becomes a bit messier. By the evening, plates and glasses start to take over the table and each sofa becomes occupied while movie or TV show is on. The table in the middle is forever cluttered, however, this clutter is constantly changing along with the positioning of the table and sofas.
Ive used red pen to show movement within my room from morning to evening, the darker the red, the more I use the space. The bed is the focal point of any bedroom, and since itâ€™s in the centre of my room, I tend to use it throughout the day if Iâ€™m in. I often base myself on the left side of the room as that is where my door is and I am always walking in and out. The atmosphere in the room during evening hours is incredibly warm as I have many soft lights placed throughout the space. The drapes and blankets on the bed add to the warmness and relaxation of my bedroom. Sensations change as we move into the morning and middle of the day, as natural light engulfs the space, but this is embraced, as I take advantage of this light at my desk midday, as it motivates me.
NEW LANARK 1860 - 2017 NEW LANARK 1860 - 2017 1860
STUDY TYPE. New Lanark, a place of few but imperative buildings which used to house a working community in the 18th century, but over that last few centuries, gentrification inevitably took over and is now a place of leisure. Robert Owen; an innovator, believed in building a community where the well-being of the work force was considered to be of the same importance as the maintenance of the mills/machinery itself. He built the community at New Lanark as an example model illustrating the way he thought a ‘healthy society’ could be organised. This ideology was dissected in our study type, and explored further into our proposal for Leith 2030.
UTILITARIAN REVOLUTION UTILITARIAN REVOLUTION NEW LANARK
New Lanark; a village on the river Clyde situated in Scotland has transformed from an industrial society in 1800’s to a place of leisure to the present day; as shown to the right and below. From 1860 we can see how the structures in New Lanark have undergone reconstruction, this is primarily due to advances n
New Lanark; a village on the river Clyde situated in Scotland has transformed from an industrial society in 1800’s to a place of leisure to the present day; as shown to the right and below. From 1860 we can see how the structures in New Lanark have undergone reconstruction, this is primarily due to advances n itechnologycorrelatingwitheconomicgain.Whatwasonceaplaceofindustrywhichformedtheheartoftheeconomy,hasnowturnedintoatouristattraction.
SITE ANALYSIS [Fig 1] Thresholds of Leith [Fig 2] Density and frequency of traffic. [Fig 3] [i] Sunlight In June at 10am and 3pm [ii] Sunlight in December at 10am and 3pm
[Fig 4] Density and frequency of people - from morning to evening. [Fig 5] A clear divide between residential and industrial, this divide was explored further and into our proposal.
INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL DIVIDE.
[Fig 6] Materialty at focal point of the industrial and residential divide. [Fig 7] Noli plan showing public and private space.
[Fig 8] Amenities Radi of the area of Lieth.
THE PROPOSAL THE CONSTITUTION 1. All residents shall be part of the Common Community whose Common Purpose is the Manufacturing Process. 2. The Manufacturing Process shall provide affordable modular housing to the public of Edinburgh, The UK and the rest of the world. 3. All design propositions within the Community shall equitably take cognizance of the individual Dwelling the common Process Line, the Supershed, the Common Facilities and the Manufacturing Process generally. 4. All design propositions within the Community shall consider the spatial relationship between the Dwelling, the common Process Line, the Supershed and the Common Facilities. 5. At least one member of the household of a Dwelling within a Process Line shall be employed in the Process. 6. Facilities shall be provided for education of children and adults, leading to employment in the Manufacturing Process. 7. Facility shall be provided for the contribution of retired members of the Community to be involved in such education. 8. Facilities for education, healthcare, childcare and care for the elderly shall be provided in a manner which makes such facility accessible to, and for the benefit of, the entire Community and, where possible, the surrounding community. 9. All Dwellings within the Community shall be designed in such a way as to fully embrace collaboration within the Community and the Industrial Process. 10. All Dwellings within the Community shall adhere to the organisational logic, geometry and dimensions of the Process Lines. 11. All protrusions shall be agreed collectively within the Community. 12. All Dwellings shall have access to external spaces, be properly orientated and be easily accessed from both outside and from the Process Line. 13. All Dwellings within the Community shall be designed in such a way as to minimize environmental nuisance from the Industrial Process.
14. All profit from the Manufacturing Process shall benefit the entire Community.
Construction sequence. Crane and tracks implementation. Cement and materials import for the first building.
Housing people from accomodation on other side.
Demolish accomodation and recycle materials.
Construct three more blocks.
Proposal throughout site.
DWELLING PLUS THE BUILDING
INTRODUCTION. OUTLINING INITIAL INTENTIONS The proposed series of ten dwellings occupied by both fam ilies and individuals, some of which will be familiar with Leith and some new, aims to create a cohesive relationship between work life and personal life. The typology of the dwellings aims to increase sunlight access whilst also creating an interesting form throughout the strip; carrying the diagonal theme into the circulation and public areas in the site. Access to the warehouse below, both public and private, is explored and refined to create equally an experience and efficiency to the space below.
ACCOMODATION TWO BEDROOM UNITS - Individuals who are looking to grow into a space. Will need living space, bathroom and bedrooms, along with small balcony space. - Young couples who are looking to settle down, may be expecting a child will require two bedrooms, appropriate living space and private garden space. - Elderly couples looking to settle down. Frequent family visits will require two bedrooms, appropriate living and bathroom space, garden and/or balcony space. No stairs allows for easy movement throughout the unit. THREE BEDROOM UNITS - Two parent families with two kids will require two bathrooms; one with a bath, a separate toilet room, an appropriately sized kitchen with dining area, storage space and 2 large balcony spaces as they are not on the ground floor.
OFFICE AND TEACHING SPACE The ground floor of a three story high dwelling used as an office space for the caretaker of the warehouse below, and teaching space for visitors and residents wanting to learn about the production process in the industrial area below across the whole strip. Requires a private access to the warehouse below for the caretaker too easily use. Also public entrance to the viewing platform situated below. LIBRARY A service space, which runs horizontally to rest of the site, connecting all six manufacturing strips, used by both the public and residents. The library will include indoor seating, public access to the warehouse below and private access to the dwelling situated on its own at the front of the strip. CAFĂ‰ Public space to allow interaction with other residents living within the community with both indoor and outdoor seating.
- Single parent with one or two kids, similar requirements to two parent families, however one room used as a spare room and/or space for children orientated activities or office space.
CIRCULATION [Fig 1] Ground floor â€“ Two bed units. Identifying entrance points and staircase leading to first floor. [Fig 2] First floor of whole dwelling â€“ 2x Ground floor to three bed units and 2x Two bed units. Identifying entrance points into units and routes from lifts and stairs. [Fig 3} Ground floor - Office and teaching space. Identifying entrance points and staircase leading to first floor. [Fig 4] Ground floor of care takers home, 3 bed unit.
[Fig 3] [Fig 1]
[Fig 2 ]
LIGHT Diagrams to the left show light during the summer and winter months at noon. The dwellings are at an angle intentionally to allow for maximum sunlight into the south facing bedrooms and communal living space. The building is not affected by surrounded buildings, as there are few and low rise.
Shadowing at noon in July.
Shadowing at noon in July.
Shadowing at noon in December.
Shadowing at noon in December.
EXTERNAL WALLS White concrete outer leaf in brick and block work primary construction. Brick gives off a residential feel to the site, instead of carrying steel frame and concrete up to the dwellings. Bricks durability and easy maintenance adds to its commonality throughout the strip.
I wanted the housing to appear separate from the working environment even though it sits on top of it. After researching a range of materials, white concrete with timber accents juxtaposed the concrete slab below nicely. This then lead to my choice of masonry construction, also influenced by resilience to projectiles; heavy industrial use below will cause vibrations throughout the strip.
Timber accents used in the balconies and exterior pathways. Complementing the white brick external wall, also providing a more organic texture to the dwellings and site in general.
Low pitched roof with tile slate sealed with resin on timber battens. Like the white brick, I thought a slate roof would add to the residential aspect of the dwellings.
1:100 MODEL A model of the first five dwellings including the library. Focusing on private garden spaces and the care takers home and office. A series of images experimenting with light in hopes of producing an atmospheric portrayal of the dwellings. Made from light grey card to portray the light brickwork.
North Line 38
GROUND FLOOR -
FIRST FLOOR -
SECOND FLOOR -
Two bed units.
Top - Two bed unit Bottom - Ground floor of three bed unit.
First floor of three bed unit.
North Line 40
1:100 South side section of chunk before improvements were made.
Front elevation. Not to scale.
1:100 Front section of care takers home and office before improvements were made.
INHABIT ACCESS TO THE WAREHOUSE Both public and private acces into the warehouse. As mentioned before, the ground floor of the dwelling situated on its own at the front of the strip (which explored further) is used as an office space for the care taker and teaching space for visitors learning about the production line. [Fig 1] A private stair case for only the care taker to use and his clients to the left of the warehouse. [Fig 2] And to the right a public staircase with a viewing platform into the warehouse, keeping business and leisure separate.
INHABITED SPACE CARETAKERâ€™S OFFICE AND TEACHING SPACE. Separation between the working office environment and teaching space. Simple interior, the teaching space has two tables, which fit maximum of twelve people, and the office has a simple desk against the south wall opposite north facing double-sided windows. The walls are appropriate thickness to stop airborne noise, so the caretaker can focus in his office or on his clients, and both rooms have separate access.
[Fig 1] [Fig 2]
[Fig 1] North side of housing, showing access into dwellings, stairs and lifts. [Fig 2] South facing private gardens for two bed units on the ground floor.
Light colour tile work in WC.
INTERIOR MATERIALITY. Various types of individuals, couples and families shall occupy each dwelling, so it is important that these spaces provide a blank canvas for these residents to decorate, creating a space to call â€˜homeâ€™, so a simple aesthetic in materiality has been adopted throughout all the dwellings to achieve this.
Polished wood flooring throughtout whole space.
Concrete transfer slab ; Roof of warehouse.
Trees / bushes surrounding the perimetre of the dwelling.
Timber panneling for exterior decking.
INHABIT: 1:20 DETAIL The model made up of grey card is focusing on the threshold between the library and teaching space. Double glazed 3m wide windows supported by â€˜Lâ€™ shaped pillars sat on a concrete transfer slab. The public will use this threshold, it is a confined space, and hence why large sheets of glazing is used, to allow for maximum light. The staircase has not been included.
PROCESS WORK The process of designing the dwellings proved difficult at times, however, without this process, a functional building could not be possible. Most energy was focused on caretakers home and office, and how to avoid empty space around its perimeter. The initial idea starting as just another dwelling, but slowly leading into a concept that made sense and created a relationship with the warehouse below, also creating functional public and private space.
Experimentation with typology of dwellings.
Diagramming spaces and access points. The office situated at the front edge of the warehouse, did not work, this lead to the extension of the office on the south side.
Process of how the space is used, access points and the public and private. This then lead to the development of the public stairwell into the warehouse.
The delivery route going through the warehouse beneath influenced the stairwells form. Wrapping over the height of the vans and trucks coming in transporting materials used for the produc
Process models solving the problems of voids with the extension. Using white foam board, white and dark card.
Process of circulation on the north side of the site. Initially with a stair core in the centre. However, this made the circulation of the landing far more complex. A cafĂŠ space replaced this. Initial materiality ideas remained the same.
CONSTRUCTING ARCHITECTURE Both workshops provided a fresh perspective in how to record information on site as well as present it in a clear and readable form.
City mapping : Recording everything, you see and hear.
This workshop helped me when doing my site analysis in Leith. It made me not only completely aware of my surroundings but made me analyse how an area is used, who its used by, the type of people using it, the vegetation in an area or lack thereof, the types of traffic, cars, vans, colours, how the weather can alter you perception of a space etc.
DIAGRAMMING WORKSHOP Focusing on chunk within site.
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
WARE-HOUSE CARE TAKERS OFFICE LIBRARY