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URBAN

COOKBOOK STEDENBOUW & LANDSCHAP

04

Portfolio Niels Weijgers 3e Atelier Academie van Bouwkunst Rotterdam 28 juni 2009 Nr.04


urban cookbook


zoetermeer 03

Urban Cookbook Re-use of a early afterwar district CONTEXT ATELIER 3 FUNCTIE ONTWERPER DATUM 2009

Deltametropool What’s the position of Zoetermeer in the big network of Amsterdam, Den Haag, Rotterdam en Utrecht. The Deltametropool is still growing en what does this mean for Zoetermeer, the Green Heart, and the quality of life in this metropool? Zoetermeer is already a good city for families to life. If the want to be the best ‘woonstad’ than it is time to make some choises and ambitions.

materials

Connetion green heart - city centre One ambition of Zoetermeer 2020 is to connect the Green Heart with the city. Looking at the density of Zoetermeer the map is showing us 2 districts near the the centre with a open (slab) structure. These districts are the first extensions of Zoetermeer ‘de Compacte Stad’ in 1967. The open-structure makes it possible to connect litteral the centre with the landscape. Palenstein is one of the districts. Design concept This Urban design shows the possibilities of a district from early after war. The modular dwelling system makes it possible to mix housstock and create diversity in occupants. This diversity in housstock is the biggest problem in these kind of slabs. Finding a parking sollution under the first floor gives the opportunity to make a really good public space.

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To create a good connection with the public transport the supermarket is moved in east direction.

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The soil, that is dug up making the new slabs, is used to cover the parkinggarage and makes it possible to walk from the balkony in the park. The different height-levels wich arise makes the park attractive.

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Walking through these slabs is like walking through a valley. Only this valley has mountains with thesame heights. To get a stronger Urban valley, wich makes a connection from the centre to the green heart, some excisting slabs will be decapitated, others get a parasite on top of the building. Adding new urban slabs with a maximum height of 9 meters between the excisting slabs and between the excisting trees makes the composition complete and produces mony for the interventions wich are necessary.

stop!


zoetermeer 05

urban cookbook Competenties Urban Cookbook is een atelier geweest dat ingaat op alle facetten van het thema duurzaamheid. Het laat naast het thema energie ook zien dat er ook economische duurzaamheid is, waarom steden als Kopenhagen hoog scoren in de lijst Quality of Life, hoe materiaal cyclussen en social systems werken en onlosmakelijk verbonden zijn met duurzaamheid. Ik heb met dit atelier een heel duidelijk beeld gekregen van het misbruikte woord duurzaamheid en uit deze

thema’s een voor mij boeiend thema weten te kiezen om deze vervolgens uit te werken. Ik heb met het atellier mijn eigen opdracht leren formuleren, wat vind ik belangrijk! Ik heb geleerd research te doen naar onderwerpen die niet per definitie iets met stedenbouw te maken hebben maar wel deze koppeling kunnen maken. Daarnaast heb ik geleerd een thematische studiereis te organiseren naar Copenhagen en Malmo.

Basic problems A lot of urban plans from the period early after war are dealing with thesame problems. If we look at the numbers than we see that 40% of the houshold is foreign, the small number right above is the ‘average ‘ number for a district. One of the reasons for this is the amount of hiring houses (80%) and that there is no diversity in housstock. This housstock is also responsible for the imbalance in housholds.

0-11 jaar 16% 11-24 jaar 21% 24-55 jaar 42% 55-65 jaar 10% 65-75 jaar 7% 75+ jaar 5%

social problems

Social network/diversity housstock I don’t want to move out... But it’s to small for our familie!

22%

We want to play outside! Just as all our friends in Zoetermeer

36

1-PERSON

HOUSH-

OLD

80%

71/ha

MORE-PERSON

29%

HIRING HOUSES

average district: 4%

12%

DENSITY

average district: 4%

7% STUDENTS

UNEMPLOYMENT

average district: 35%

average district: 6

5%

71%

5.3

VOLUNTEERS

INCOME<2000

SOCIALS SCORE

average district: 2%

LEVEL OF EDUCATION

POPULATION

INCAPABLE OF WORK

FOREIGN NOT

16%

HOUSING BENEFIT

78%

5%

hoog

HOUSHOLD WITH

average district:36/ha

39%

34% 36%

972

average district:48%

average district: 2%

laag 53% midden 31%

40%

average district:41%

average district:17%

Palenstein - average

average district: 295

FOREIGN

HOUSHOLD

WESTERN

average district :14%

AVERAGE AGE

POPULATION

average district: 59

Public - Private My kids are to young to young to be left alone..they now play on the balkony.

average district : 38


40m2

40m2

40m2 80m2

80m2

500m2 40m2

40m2

40m2

40m2 80m2

Ouderen dagverzorging

14m

80m2

zoetermeer 07

500m2 40m2

urban cookbook

14m

1.5

100m2 60m2

11

14m

14m

concept

m41 m11

research

1.5

100m2

11m

1.5

60m2

Rug-rug woning

Kantoor

14m

14m

14m

11

5.4m

m4.5

14m 80m2

1.5

80m2

80m2

240m2

80m2

1.5

11

14m 160m2 1.5

concrete floor

1.5

120m2

14m

11

Ouderen dagverzorging

160m2

brick outside wall

1.5

40m2

40m2

40m2 80m2

14m

80m2

14m

14m

14m 14m

14m 14m

14m

14m

14m

500m2

40m2

m08

concrete inside wall 14m etercnoc level dnuorg

iron consturction m5.2

160m2

160m2

160m2

160m2

80m

m7 m9

concrete ground level

m11 m41

14m 1.5

100m2

concrete floor

60m2 14m

14m

14m

11

14m

14m

14m 14m

14m

14m 14m

7m

7M 9m 9M 11m 11M 14m

2.5m

2,5M

typologie, diversity housstock

roof, eďŹ&#x192;cient use of space 1.5

14M

1.5

11

160m2 1.5

14m

14m

14m

densify, possibillities to densify a regular early after war district

160m2

160m2

14m

densify, possibillities to densify a regular district like Palenstei

14

SHOP

5.4

pulic space, redesign the public space

SHOP


zoetermeer 09

urban cookbook design


zoetermeer 11

urban cookbook green connections with landscape

new typologies

Design starting-points The structure of Palenstein wich denies his surrounding completely is also the quality of the plan 2009. The functional horizontal building blocks creates a perfect vieuw through the neighborhood. New added building blocks should addept to the excisting structure. By doing this the special structure for Zoetermeer will life on in future. Connection with the green heart The quality of public space between the slabs are the views and the big trees. Because of the multifunctional square near the school the park itself doesn’t need more programme. Parking solution Palenstein is build with the ideologie living in the green, with space and fresh air. These days most of the districts are transformed in parkingplots . Finding a sollution for this problem is a requirement. In District 22 the 14m buildings is getting thicker (17m) so buildings get more efficient for parkinggarage. Extra 4m becomes private garden/balkony. Typologies To connect more with the surrounding a gradient in height can be a sollution. The parasite houses are positioned on top of the northern slabs because of the sun. New slabs which are added will be used for offices and special programme. Entrance to public transport Palenstein will be the first car-free zone. To improve the safe connection with the public transport the old supermarket had to move in west direction. a fast direction for bikers from station to the neighborhood is necessary to limit travel time.

new parking sollution

new connection with public transport


zoetermeer 13

urban cookbook collage


portfolio Urban cookbook