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NICWA NEWS Quarterly Newsletter • Spring 2018



Exciting Work Supported by San Manuel, Commonly Requested Resources & more inside!


See how you can get active with your NICWA membership!

National Indian Child Welfare Association 5100 SW Macadam Avenue, Suite 300 Portland, Oregon 97239 P (503) 222-4044 F (503) 222-4007 www.nicwa.org

The National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA) is a private nonprofit, membership-based organization dedicated to the well-being of American Indian and Alaska Native children and families. Headquartered in Portland, Oregon, NICWA serves tribes, individuals, and private organizations throughout the United States and Canada by serving as the most comprehensive source of information on American Indian child welfare and acting as the only national Native organization focused on building tribal capacity to prevent child abuse and neglect.

Our Mission

The National Indian Child Welfare Association is dedicated to the well-being of American Indian and Alaska Native children and families.

Board of Directors

President Gil Vigil (Tesuque Pueblo) Vice President Rochelle Ettawageshik (Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians) Secretary W. Alex Wesaw (Pokagon Band of Potawatomi) Treasurer Gary Peterson, MSW (Skokomish) Members Teressa Baldwin (Inupiaq) Luke Madrigal (Cahuilla Band of Indians) Patricia Carter-Goodheart (Nez Perce) Angela Connor (Choctaw) Aurene Martin (Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa) Cassondra Church (Pokagon Band of Potawatomi) Robert McGhee (Poarch Band of Creek Indians) Paul Day (Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe) Mary Tenorio, PhD, RN (Santo Domingo) Jocelyn Formsma (Swampy Cree) Debra Foxcroft (Tseshaht)

Board of Trustees

John Shagonaby (Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians) Brad Earl (Nez Perce descent) Sherry Salway Black (Oglala Lakota) Allard Teeple (Bay Mills Indian Community) Victor Rocha (Pechanga Band of LuiseĂąo Indians) Derek Valdo (Acoma Pueblo)

Founder and Senior Advisor Terry Cross (Seneca)

Executive Director

Sarah Kastelic (Alutiiq)

NICWA News is the quarterly newsletter for members and donors of the National Indian Child Welfare Association. Membership is available in multiple levels starting at $35. For reprint requests, additional copies, or other information, contact us at info@nicwa.org

NICWA Board Member, Teressa Baldwin, speaks at our 36th Annual Protecting Our Children Conference in Anchorage, Alaska

Message from the Executive Director Dear NICWA Members, Sponsors, Donors, and Friends, In preparation for our 36th annual Protecting Our Children conference, the NICWA board of directors finished work on our 2018–2023 strategic plan (see page 9 to read NICWA’s strategic plan goals and see the direction that our board has charted for us). Throughout our history, we have used the practice of reflection, of looking back at what we’ve accomplished and struggled with, in order to look forward and plan for the future. As a leader, the opportunity to work closely with my board of directors to take stock of where we’ve been and where we want to go—to assess what Indian Country needs from us and what we want to have the capacity to deliver—is something I relish. It’s an opportunity to celebrate NICWA’s 35 years of service to tribal communities and Native families as well as to fearlessly grapple with what we are being called to do in the future and how best to do so. In these turbulent times of political, economic, and social struggle and change, the attempt to look forward and plan for the future is clouded by tremendous uncertainty about public policy, funding, technology, and leadership—just to name a few things. Sitting with this reality is hard. I crave a way to make order and create inevitability in this unknown. My instinct is to try to exert control and certainty where I can, but I’m trying to learn how to have equanimity, how to be aware and agile, ready to act in a constantly changing environment, without being swayed by what’s unknown, or, as I say to NICWA staff, without getting on the “emotional roller coaster” of the new drama or tragedy that unfolds every day and is sensationalized by the media. As my Grandma Gladys would say, it’s about “finding your sea legs,” leaning in to the pitching of the boat and the rolling waves and being able to stand up, being able to find balance. Increasingly I see the practice of managing uncertainty while leading NICWA and doing the daily work of serving tribal communities as a core competency of my role. In fact, I think it’s a skill that most of us need to cultivate to be effective in our work—to see the challenges clearly but not to be paralyzed by them, to see the uncertainty as equal parts opportunity and challenge, and to be steady in our approach, unshaken by what’s going on around us. As advocates for Native children, this is imperative. NICWA’s strategic plan clearly lays out five focused goals that position us to be agile and responsive to the world around us and to what our communities need from us, while amplifying our advocacy for tribal communities, families, and children. This issue of NICWA News is dedicated to our advocacy. It is about taking a stand for Native children and families, especially in this time of uncertainty. It provides tools and resources for all of us to be effective in using our voices, positions, and relationships to relentlessly advocate for the best interest of Native children and families. I hope you’ll find this information useful in your own work to maintain equanimity in the uncertainty of all that is going on around you and to raise your voice with ours in support of our children. Sincerely,

Sarah Kastelic, PhD


National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

Message from the Executive Director 3. Policy Updates 4. 2018 Conference: A Success 5. Honoring Our 2018 Champion for Native Children 5. Exciting Work Supported by San Manuel 6. Commonly Requested Resources 7. Seminole Tribe of Florida 8. NICWA’s Strategic Plan 9. Members: Get Active 10. 2018Members |3 New &Spring Renewing 10.

Policy Updates

Trump Administration Seeks Review of Native Children’s Data Regulations The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) announced a proposal to streamline the 2016 Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System (AFCARS) regulations that include Native children’s data elements and a two-year delay in requiring states to submit data. The 2016 AFCARS regulations contained the first ever mandatory data elements for states related to how Native children are doing in state foster care. The data elements track a number of Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) requirements. The announcement seeking comments on streamlining the AFCARS data elements, including the Native children’s data elements, was posted in the Federal Register on March 15, 2018, on page 11449. The announcement proposing a two-year delay for submitting 2016 AFCARS data was posted in the Federal Register on March 15, 2018, on page 11450. Advocates have expressed concern that this is an attempt not to just streamline a few data elements, but to eliminate the majority of them. The 2016 AFCARS regulations contain over 30 new data elements regarding Native children, several of which track how the state is implementing ICWA requirements and identifying Native children and their parents’ and caregivers’ tribal affiliation. These are the first ever data requirements for states that track how Native children are doing in state foster care systems, and they are critical to better understanding how to address issues like the disproportionality of Native children in state foster care systems, efforts to provide preventive services to Native families (active efforts), and more efficient and effective targeting of resources to improve outcomes.

reauthorizations of existing federal child welfare programs. A large portion of the child welfare provisions were based on the Family First Prevention Services Act, first introduced in 2016 by Senator Wyden (D-OR) and co-sponsored by Senator Hatch (R-UT). The legislation has several purposes, but of most interest is making prevention services, such as parent training/education, individual and family counseling, and mental health and substance abuse treatment, eligible for partial reimbursement through the Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance program. Title IV-E is the federal government’s only open-ended entitlement child welfare program and currently provides about $6 billion in federal match to states and tribes for services related to child placement in out-of-home care. The eligible services could be supported for up to 12 months and would be available to children who are at risk of being placed in foster care or re-entering foster care after being returned to their parents or a relative. Parents and relative caregivers are also eligible for these services. Tribes who operate the Title IV-E program directly through the federal government are eligible to seek reimbursement for the new services. Tribes that have an agreement with a state to operate the Title IV-E program may also be eligible to seek reimbursement for the new services, depending on the terms of their agreement and the state’s decision on whether they seek to utilize these new services. The funding could also boost prevention services, like the active efforts required by the Indian Child Welfare Act, to Native children and families under state jurisdiction. The new funding opportunity states that eligible services must be promising practices, supported services, or well-supported services. The law says that these services must meet certain criteria, such as having written materials (manuals, books, other written materials) that specify the components of the service/practice and how to administer them. For tribes, the Secretary of DHHS is given authority to specify the requirements for eligible services and permits services that are adapted to the culture and context of the tribal community served. NICWA will develop an analysis of the child welfare provisions and post it to our website and share it on social media. Please contact NICWA’s director of government affairs and advocacy, David Simmons, at desimmons@nicwa.org with any questions.

Comments on the notice regarding streamlining data elements must be received by June 13, 2018. NICWA strongly encourages all tribes to submit comments and to work with their state child welfare agency to provide supportive comments as well. It will be very important that a number of states provide supportive comments. NICWA will develop resource materials to assist states and tribes develop their comments. If you would like these materials, please contact NICWA’s director of government affairs and advocacy, David Simmons, at desimmons@nicwa.org.

Congress Includes Major New Child Welfare Funding in Continuing Resolutions Bill On February 9, 2018, President Trump signed the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-123), that included several major child welfare provisions, much to the surprise of many child welfare advocates. The legislation provides a significant amount of new funding to states and tribes for prevention services. Division E, Title VII of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 contains the new child welfare funding provisions and

National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

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NICWA board members present Carla Cooper, daughter of 2018 Champion for Native Children, Linda Logan, with award in her honor, posthumously.

&Notes News from N I C WA Where We’ve Been Every year, NICWA provides on-site training and technical assistance to dozens of communities in the US, Canda, and now Australia. Here is where we have been in the past year.

2018 Conference: A Success! Our 36th Annual Protecting Our Children Conference was a huge success, attracting over 1,200 participants working in Native child welfare who traveled from across the continent, some from as far as Australia! Conference goers enjoyed a full program deepening their knowledge, skills, and connections in the field. Sixty-five workshop presentations were offered covering topics such as our popular curriculum Positive Indian Parenting, youth engagement strategies, ICWA advocacy, and tribal-state partnerships. We also welcomed over 35 exhibitors to showcase their programs, work, and products. A major highlight was our banquet dinner entertainment, Byron Nicholai, a Yup’ik youth performer and musician. Being in Alaska for our 2018 conference was well timed, as October 2017 marked a historic compact, the first of its kind in the State of Alaska and in the US, establishing a government-to-government agreement which outlines a framework for tribes to provide child welfare services to their citizens. We are thrilled for this tremendous step forward for Native child welfare, and our conference was a great place to share this incredible model with tribal leaders. We are thankful for the support of all of our sponsors, conference attendees, and presenters, without whom we couldn’t have had such a record-breaking year!

2018 Champion for Native Children Awardee At our Annual Conference, NICWA gives our highest honor, the Champion for Native Children Award. This annual award National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

honors an individual that has made outstanding contributions to the well-being of Indigenous children, families, and communities in the United States or Canada. This year, at NICWA’s 36th Annual Conference, we were pleased to announce Linda J. Logan as our Champion for Native Children (posthumous). Linda J. Logan, MSW, was a member of the Choctaw Nation; she was raised in a small town in New Hampshire. As one of the only minority families in the community, Linda faced discrimination and hardships that ultimately served as the driving force behind her career path and her desire to make a difference in the lives of Indigenous people. The political and cultural landscape for Native Americans was undergoing a major shift during the 1970s, and Linda was drawn to the grassroots movements taking place. Linda provided testimony to the federal government advocating for the Indian Child Welfare Act, which was passed in 1978. Over the next decade, she expanded her consulting work throughout the US and provided program evaluation and grant writing, and proposal review for different federal agencies. In 1995, she published Tribal Writes: The Correspondence Guide for Native Americans, a book to help Native Americans with grant writing and other nonprofit sector endeavors. From 2005–2013, Linda served as executive director for the Native American Children’s Alliance (NACA). Sadly, in early 2017, Linda was diagnosed with brain cancer. Though she fought with the strength and grace of the warrior that she was, she ultimately was called home to the spirit world on April 25, 2017. She is deeply missed, yet the impact of her work and dedication echoes on.

Upcoming Training and Events

September 18–20, 2018 Oklahoma City, OK Understanding ICWA Positive Indian Parenting December 4–6, 2018 New Orleans, LA Understanding ICWA Positive Indian Parenting

February 5–7, 2019 Palm Springs, CA Tribal Customary Adoption Understanding ICWA In-Home Services April 3–5, 2018 Albuquerque, NM Understanding ICWA Positive Indian Parenting Spring 2018 | 5

Exciting Work Supported by San Manuel A grant from the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians (SMBMI) has enabled NICWA to expand and enhance the quality of our programming. In addition to supporting NICWA’s Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) specialist’s work in responding to over 1,000 requests for information (RFIs) from families and tribal and state child welfare professionals each year, the $150,000 grant made it possible for NICWA to create new resources for families and those on the front lines of Indian child welfare. NICWA is producing two podcasts, one on youth rights under ICWA and another on the role of ICWA Qualified Expert Witnesses. In addition, staff are writing two legal articles, one focused on the benefits of adding ICWA provisions to state laws to protect infants from abandonment (also known as safe haven laws), and another on human trafficking. The San Manuel grant also made it possible to update our attorney contact list, volunteer lawyers across the country who are willing to represent families and tribes in ICWA matters. A survey supporting this work will be released at our annual conference in April, so please stay tuned and share it with your legal colleagues! Beyond family support, the SMBMI grant supports our ICWA defense work. NICWA produced a review of literature that examined how attachment and bonding arguments being made by opponents are out of sync with both contemporary child development science and the cultural context of tribal extended family structures. We also updated our Family Guide to ICWA, an electronic resource for Native families who are involved in state or county child welfare systems. It describes the basics of ICWA, rights of parents, and advocacy strategies for parents who feel the law is not being followed. These key documents were made available on our website, shared with our partners, and disseminated at national conferences. Since the start of our grant, we have provided quarterly child and family policy updates through our website, our membership emails, NICWA News (physical and electronic), presentations to tribal leaders at regional intertribal gatherings and the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), and our Facebook and Twitter accounts. The January update contains information on the five federal lawsuits challenging ICWA. To combat the lawsuits and misinformation that surrounds them, we have instituted bi-weekly calls with NCAI to discuss media strategy and opportunities to promote positive media stories on ICWA. Our joint efforts have produced press releases and coordinated statements for different media outlets and social media channels as new lawsuits were filed or decisions rendered by federal judges over the last six months. Since June 2017, NICWA has fielded interview requests and/or provided public statements to more than a dozen media outlets. article continued on next page

National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

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Our RFI and ICWA defense work is some of the most difficult to fund, yet their impacts reverberate across Indian Country. Support from the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians has been instrumental in helping build capacity over the last several years, which enables us to strategically respond to requests for information from families in crisis—and now manage proactively our ICWA defense, and media outreach. Tribes are our natural partners in this work, and SMBMI is leading the way by investing in our mission and attracting additional partners. Together we help families stay together!

Getting Help + Commonly Requested Resources from NICWA NICWA receives many requests for information (RFIs) each year by phone, email, mail, and social media. These RFIs come from family members who want to ensure that ICWA is being followed and that the best interests of their relative children – including culture and connections to family – are being supported. NICWA responds to these calls by connecting families with information about the law and resources in their state that can directly help in their foster care, guardianship, termination of parental rights, or adoption cases. NICWA understands that families are reaching out in times of crisis, so we make every effort to answer RFIs promptly to provide information about ICWA and give families referrals to resources and services in their areas. NICWA does not provide direct services, intervene in cases, or provide legal advice, though, which is why we continuously work to identify resources for families in need. Even though every case in unique, we find that some resources are requested again and again. If you, or someone you know, is struggling to find information to help them through an Indian child welfare case, here are some great resources to help get you started:

Legal Help The Native American Rights Fund’s Finding Legal Help resource https://narf.org/nill/resources/lawyer.html The Legal Services Corporation’s Find Legal Aid tool helps you search for free or low-cost legal help by city and state or zip code https://www.lsc.gov/what-legal-aid/find-legal-aid

Tribal ICWA Contacts The Bureau of Indian Affairs publishes a list of tribal ICWA contacts annually. The current list is due for an update anytime now, so you might check bia.gov for changes. In the meantime, you can access the current list at https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/03/08/2017-04546/indian-child-welfare-act-designated tribal-agents-for-service-of-notice. You can also contact your tribe directly and ask for their ICWA contact.

State Ombudsman Offices Many states have an ombudsman’s office for child welfare. These offices may investigate complaints or issues about how a state caseworker is handling a case. To learn more about ombudsman and to see a list of all the states with ombudsman offices (scroll down to see the list), visit the National Conference of State Legislatures’ Ombudsman/Child Advocate page http://www.ncsl.org/research/human-services/childrens-ombudsman-offices.aspx

Annual Conference Seminole Tribe of Florida Host Sponsor NICWA is proud to announce that our Host Sponsor for the 36th Annual Protecting Our Children conference is Seminole Tribe of Florida! Thank you, Seminole Tribe, for partnering with us and for your support of our work. Federally recognized in 1957, the Seminole Tribe of Florida’s origins can be traced back at least 12,000 years. The word “Seminole” comes from the Spanish word “cimarrones,” meaning Free People, for their independence, strength, and refusal to stand down to the Europeans. Today, the Tribe has grown to hold over 90,000 acres across Florida. Between their gaming enterprises, Sheraton Tampa East Hotel, smoke shops, Ahfachkee Indian School, and more, the Seminole Tribe of Florida is thriving. This success enables the Tribe to invest in their community and support their members, spending over $1 million per year on education alone, in addition to housing, health care, grants, and other community services. Seminole’s Center for Behavioral Health (CBH) provides child welfare services through their tribal Family and Child Advocacy program that supports children, elders, and families who experience or are at risk of abuse or neglect. Their mission is to advocate for the Seminole families while protecting Seminole children. Additional activities of this specialized department include developing court ordered case plans; monitoring case task progression; advocating for children and families in court hearings; facilitating a Tribal Parenting Course; and supervising visits between parents/custodians and their children. Alongside this good work, the Seminole Tribe of Florida has been a long-term partner of NICWA. For over a decade, Seminole Tribe of Florida has partnered with us in protecting Native children and families. Specifically, in the last several years, the Tribe’s support has been critical to our Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) compliance and ICWA defense work, which provides program content for our annual conference. NICWA’s annual conference is the largest gathering on American Indian and Alaska Native child advocacy issues in the nation. Thanks to the Seminole Tribe of Florida’s generous and long-term support, our conference is the leading source of emerging best practices in the field of Indian child welfare. Each of the 1,200+ conference attendees every year goes home with new tools to help and empower their communities, sending waves of change through Indian Country to strengthen Native families. Thanks, Seminole Tribe of Florida, for making this work possible. National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

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Programs Strategic Plan: Goals for NICWA 2018–2023

In the next five years, NICWA’s goal is to strengthen our current and future service to Indian Country by becoming more stable, efficient, capable, and productive. NICWA’s core services to advocate for the rights of children and strengthen tribal capacity to protect children and serve families will result in community-level outcomes to improve the well-being of children and youth and support healthy communities. The five goals below focus NICWA’s time, attention, and resources on organization-wide, interrelated strategies that will help drive change in our organization and support systems change in tribal communities in a consistent, meaningful, and measurable way. Accomplishing these goals will position NICWA to scale up our core work in our subsequent five-year plan.

1. NICWA will relentlessly advocate for the rights of Native children and empower and support Native communities to promote healthy families and thriving children. 2. Building on our identity as a culturally based organization, NICWA will effectively serve tribal communities by honing our competitive edge through ongoing targeted and organization-wide training, recruitment and retention of talented staff, robustly managing our work, maximizing our use of appropriate technology, and becoming more efficient in our work processes overall. 3. NICWA will strategically collaborate with aligned partners, tighten our focus on where we can have the greatest impact on the well-being of Native children and families, and intentionally help other organizations and people build the capacity to take on work that is outside of our focus area. 4. NICWA will refine core ongoing areas of work and, through an established culture of philanthropy and effective infrastructure, secure a consistent funding mix and broad set of aligned funders. We will communicate effectively about our work to key audiences. 5. NICWA will deploy data effectively, internally and externally, to support informed decision-making, robust knowledge management and sharing, and vigorous advocacy.

Lummi Nation Visits New Zealand In the Maori language Manaakitanga is the word for hospitality and kindness. This past month, we traveled to New Zealand (NZ) with the Lummi Nation Youth Canoe Family in a cultural exchange with the Maori Indigenous people where we received an extraordinary amount of hospitality and kindness. For two weeks, we experienced the richness of Maori culture, language, land, and people. The trip was life changing for everyone involved especially for the youth who were able to share their Lummi culture with the Maori as well. Lummi Nation Youth Canoe Family has been planning a trip to NZ to meet with the Maori canoe family, Kaharkura for three years. After fundraising $60,000 this past year through hosting countless events and applying for various grants, the Lummi Nation flew to Auckland, NZ for a once in a lifetime journey. Upon landing, our Maori host and waka (canoe) steersman Jef greeted us in a Hongi where we pressed our forehead and nose together to exchange our breaths of life. This traditional Maori greeting is an intimate practice that would be done hundreds of more times throughout our travels as we met new Maori whanau (family). All within a two week span the Lummi youth and adults were able to see, feel, and experience the abundance of Maori culture. Throughout the exchange the youth received traditional Maori massage therapy through stepping on one’s back with bare feet, inked their bodies with traditional ta mokos (Maori tattoo), visited Te Whare Wānanga o National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

Awanuiārangi, a Maori indigenous university to learn about their academic programs, picked up how to weave with local flax plants, and learned Maori songs/games/dances/language. It was bittersweet leaving NZ and our new Maori whanau based on the lifelong connections made. On our way home I spoke with some of the youth and adults about the impact of the cultural exchange. Most realized how interconnected the Lummi were with the Maori after learning about their history and their shared culture of the canoe family. The Maori, just like American Indians, endure similar challenges like poverty, teen suicide, and staying connected to culture. Overall, the exchange changed the lives of the Lummi youth and adults forever. One high school youth summed up the experience in a few words, “the trip to New Zealand was healing.”

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Members: Get Active! Our members are experts! You can affect change by networking and sharing your skills and passion with other NICWA members and advocates in Native child welfare. Your involvement can change the way people make decisions locally, regionally, and nationally. We want to help you, our NICWA members, to get involved! What can you do? Our success relies on people just like you! Your participation in the following activities strengthens our member programming: • Network! Reach out to other members in our nationwide network of professionals working in Indian child welfare. Together, we can find better ways of working. • Encourage others to get involved! Tell your colleagues and other people about NICWA’s work. Ask them to check out www.nicwa.org for lots of printable resources! • Share our amazing video series with others to educate about the benefits of ICWA! #TheHeartofICWA • Share great resources with our members! Share your articles, reports, job advertisements, and research. Tell us about new happenings that are making a change, so we can share them with other NICWA members in our monthly e-bulletins. • Attend our free webinar trainings! Members can participate in our monthly webinars, conference calls, and podcasts. Ask questions, let’s use these webinars to talk about ways we can help each other. • Get active on social media! Like, comment, and share our posts! Twitter: @NativeChildren Facebook: @NativeChildren LinkedIn: linkedin.com/company/nicwa • Use your member discounts! Members receive discounts on professional development training, curriculum, and merchandise. • Buy a gift of membership! Sponsor a grad student, co-worker, friend, or family member who is working in the field, or is interested in supporting Native families. NICWA is a strong voice for Native children and families. By working together as an active and engaged membership, we can make a positive impact on the lives of hundreds of thousands of Native children across 573 federally recognized tribes. Thank you for being part of our team to keep Native children and families together! Let’s work together. Contact membership@nicwa.org for ways you can get active with NICWA!

New & Renewing Members Individuals Abalone: Marcia Abalama Fatima Abbas Kiana Active Jennifer Andrashko Mary I. Andrew Christina Appodaca Rita Bahr Betty Barlese Robin Barney-Lees Martha Beard Marquel Benson

Jan-Ellen Bowman Chris Brewer Martin Brown Krista Brown Vivian Bussiere Courtney Butler Cheryl A. Byers Tiauna Carnes Vila Carr Vernon Carter Andrea Cazares-Diego Lily Coe

National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

Nola Coleman Sherry Copenace Jennifer Dale Tkay Estes Selma Foster Stephanie Foster Kim M. Ford Virginia L. Frank Euphemia P. Franklin Alexandria French Luann Fuentes

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Michele Fukawa Christine Goodwater Chaniel Grant Rebecca Green Lisa Greif Lillie Hall Heather L. Hansen Tracy Hatch Sarah Henry Amanda Highfield Kristi Hill Constance Holdip Maria Horn-Rollins Jennifer Houde Doris Houston Raven Hunter Cindy Ignas Shawnee Inez Sophia Jackson Reanna E. Jacobs Christina John Amy Johns Willie Johns Marilyn Johnston Justin Jones Moses Jumper Linda Keway Corrie Kielty Glen Lavarias Christy Lawton Jaynie Lewis-Garcia Patty Lockhart Tomasita Littlecrow Jeffrey Madison Emily Maestas Mildred Manuel Lisa Martinez Sarah McConnell

Christina Menard David Montoya Emma Moody Sara Moore Linda Morceau Wilma Mueller Wesley Nelson Crystal Nixon-luckhurst Laura No Runner Darla Noll Dennis Noonan Silvia Obregon Sara Olsen Lacina Onco Moses Osceola Tina Osceola Stacie Oso Amy Perron Filma Peter Marrisa D. Peterson Christy Pino Malissa Poog Katie Pullen Barbara Ramsey Lynn J. Reer Crystal Rios Amelia Rivera Sylvia Rodriguez Andrew Dottie Rundles Oscar A. Salinas-Cano Jr William Sam Donalyn Sarracino Lori Schaeffer Melissa Schindler Bibianna Scott Tara Sexton Rebecca Short Lola Stepetin

Jo-Ann Shyloski Christina Snider Clarissa Stenstrom Nicole Stoops Lisa Tange Barbara Terry Jones Mary Tigertail Molly Tovar Jennifer Valdo Leah Warburton Lyssa Wier George Wolfe Maren Woods Melissa Yazzie Teresa B. Zaffiro-Day Turquoise: Dolores S. Bigfoot Julie Braden Errlinda Castillo Carmelita Escamea Davetta Geimausaddle Mary McCarthy Jeri Museth Shaneen Raining Bird-Hammond Leonard Smith Coral: Tricia Boodhoo Heather Capistrant LaVerne Demientieff Sharon Fleming Leah Lopez Leola McKenzie Tamera C. Shanker

Tribes & Organizations Cedar (*was Turquoise):

Ponca Tribe of Nebraska Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation Redwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians Susanville Indian Rancheria

American Indian Health & Family Services AMERIND Risk Management Corporation Barona Band of Mission Indians Denver Indian Family Resource Center, Inc. Enterprise Rancheria Four Feathers Counseling Nevada Division of Child and Family Services New York Council on Adoptable Children North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs Oklahoma Indian Child Welfare Association Pala Band of Mission Indians Pechanga Band of LuiseĂąo Mission Indians

National Indian Child Welfare Association | NICWA News

Sage (**was Coral): Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians Corporate/Associate: Carlton County Public Health & Human Services

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NICWA News National Indian Child Welfare Association 5100 SW Macadam Avenue, Suite 300, Portland, Oregon 97239 PHONE: (503) 222-4044 FAX: (503) 222-4007 WEB: www.nicwa.org


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