Ten years later, the 35 hours came in the mores of big companies, not SMEs The reform of 35 hours, which celebrates its ten years has largely fueled the debate between right and left, but the crisis has changed things. The multiple relaxations voted last seven years have been little used in the final. Everything will depend upon the recovery.
Between the left defeated, the reduction of working time shameful, and a straight victory, accusing him of all ills, long time, 35 hours dominated the social debate. But the crisis is over there. The explosion of unemployment has diverted attention to the issue of employment, reduction of working time of the coup returning through the back door as a social buffer (see below). Ten years almost to the day after the entry into force 35 hours for companies with over 20 employees, they are actually entered in the customs. For those who benefit. The fact that successive governments the right to be kept to impose a simple return to a legal limit of 39 hours is the result. As for statistics, they speak for themselves: the average duration of collective labor full-time employees was 35.5 hours in September 2009, according to the survey by the Ministry of Labor on the activities and conditions of employment of labor in the third quarter. This average, however, must be viewed with caution. It covers a large variety of situations, which has largely fueled the critical 35 hours. Executives most satisfied On the same subject Cuts costs and productivity gains offset higher labor costs Depression: unemployment partial relief employment Thus, the most satisfied with the reform are executives who have recovered from the holidays, when those who complain the most are looking to the side of workers, particularly concerned by the annualization of working time. So also, according to the Ministry of Labor, the collective term average working week is 35.1 hours in companies with 500 employees and over 36.6 hours cons in enterprises between 10 and 20 employees, and is even higher among employers with fewer than 10 employees, almost all the remaining 39 hours.
If 35 hours have stopped at the gates of smaller companies, the movement of "unraveling" committed by the right since 2002, with no fewer than five laws passed in six years (see cons below), has however not changed the landscape. The rules have been greatly eased, however, whether overtime, including raising the quota has been accompanied by a strong financial incentives through exemption from social charges and income tax (TEPA) of time savings account, become easily converted into cash, expanding the scope of the employee package, including work days beyond the cadres ... New clash But, if we except the case of the hospital, where Lionel Jospin has admitted himself that the shift to 35 hours was a "mistake", the crisis has wiped everything. If he shows no revolution (companies are afraid to open Pandora's box after their hardwon agreements negotiated 35 hours), the latest annual review of collective bargaining released in July and covering 2008 shows anyway thrust of sectoral agreements and company. But the movement has stopped and it was not even sure that negotiated arrangements have had time to apply because of the economy. Companies that wanted to impose their employees more time to unpaid work against maintaining employment have done a lot of noise but have been limited. And the case of Bosch, who was ultimately dismissed anyway, instead of cons-used example. But the crisis will not last forever. It is during the recovery that will play everything. The main question will be not that of 35 hours but rather whether the increase in activity will result in overtime and / or job creation. A new material for confrontation between right and left. LEILA DE Comarmond Les Echos
Ten years later, the 35 hours came in the mores of big companies, not SMEs The reform of 35 hours, which celebrates its ten years has large...