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G-001 G-001 G-002 G-003 G-004 G-005 GC-001 GC-002 GC-003 GC-004 GC-005 GC-006 GC-007 GC-008 GC-009 GC-010 GC-011 GC-012 GC-013 GC-014 GC-015 GC-016 GC-017 GC-018 GC-019 GC-020 GC-021 GS-001 GS-002 GS-003 GS-004 GS-005

List of sheets Project Summary Project Summary Project Summary Project Summary Project Summary General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Concept General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site

GS-006 GS-007 GS-008 GS-009 GS-010 GS-011 GS-012 GS-013 GS-014 GS-015 GS-016 GS-017 GS-018 GP-001 GP-002 GP-003 GP-004 C-001 C-002 C-003 C-004 C-005 C-006 C-007 C-008 C-009 C-010 C-011 X-701 X-702 S-301 S-302

General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Site General Program General Program General Program General Program Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Civic/Site Design Schematic Design Schematic Design Structure Structure

S-303 Structure A-101 Floor Plans A-102 Floor Plans A-103 Floor Plans A-104 Floor Plans A-105 Floor Plans A-201 Elevations A-202 Elevations A-203 Elevations A-204 Elevations A-205 Elevations A-206 Elevations A-207 Elevations A-208 Elevations A-301 Sections A-302 Sections A-303 Sections A-701 Life Safety A-801 Sustainability A-802 Sustainability A-901 Renderings and 3-D images A-902 Renderings and 3-D images A-903 Renderings and 3-D images M-001 Mechanical M-002 Mechanical M-003 Mechanical M-004 Mechanical M-005 Mechanical M-006 Mechanical P-001 Plumbing

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Problem Statement Vision 2020

At the beginning of the new millennium, Trinidad and Tobago adopted the UN Millennium Declaration which was consistent with the agenda of government - to transform Trinidad and Tobago into developed country status by the year 2020. At the heart of this agenda is the issue of human development in all its dimensions - education, training, health, housing, the provision of basic amenities such as water and electricity, employment, personal safety and security. High priority should be placed on poverty reduction, the generation of sustainable employment opportunities and the creation of a harmonious society. Implementing the framework for accomplishing these objectives has not always been the government’s first priority, and as a result, cosmetic fixes have been applied to mask the neglect. This projects an illusion when Trinidad and Tobago is called to host such meetings as the Summit of the Americas and the Common Wealth Heads of Government. Significant media exposure is a bi-product of these events,

and as a result, the government works fastidiously to maintain the pretense that “Vision 2020” is well underway thereby creating more problems than solving them. The major issue that arises is the continuous disregard of the already neglected areas of Trinidad, as finances are relocated to build new and towering skyscrapers and unnecessary buildings. These grandiose monuments ultimately only memorialize the failures of the government. It is my hope that this project will rectify the setbacks created by the government and their misguided attempts and temporary quick fixes to the “problems of a third world country”. I propose to revitalize and renew an area of neglect by providing humane and sustainable living conditions while creating an inviting gateway into the capital city from the port of entry into the country as well as the eastern, central and southern areas of Trinidad.

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Problem Statement

New Construction - Detracts from financial allocations toward the remediation of the slum

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Problem Statement

Existing Conditions of Beetham Gardens

Once an all-squatter’s community with people living in wooden shacks, Beetham Gardens was born more than 35 years ago out of the government’s decision to finance construction of concrete homes with running water, indoor plumbing, and electricity and even mail delivery. Five phases were built, between two main vehicular arteries, below sea level and next to a landfill. The Beetham Gardens today remains a poverty-stricken housing project afflicted by squatters who continue to erect illegal and unsightly structures, relentless gang warfare, the lack of basic amenities such as electricity and water, as well as the health hazards present such as the drains of green stagnant water, clogged with rubbish, which breed mosquitoes and it’s location adjacent to a landfill. The government erected a wall along the slum’s frayed edges, blocking the view into a long troubled community that shares space with the murky waters of industrial waste, overgrown weeds and the constant stench of the nearby landfill. The 5 foot high wall is simply a beautifying touch, but to those who live behind the wall, the structure means something else: It’s a symbol of years of broken promises, government neglect and the widening gap between the haves and have-nots.

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Design Intents

Problems Physical Disconnect Drainage Landfill Stench Landfill threatens ground water Traffic within the capital Poverty

Design Solutions Bridge over infrastructure to create connections Elevate Settlement above sea level Relocate Landfill and Rehabilitate land with wetlands After relocation use aquifer to generate electricity Provide parking and shuttles into the capital Sustainable growth of vegetables on site

The Benefits Community

Economy

Energy and the Environment

• Promotes equity.

• Creates jobs, including entry level, apprenticeship programs and local hire.

• Improves air quality and reduces the contribution to global warming.

• Provides an economic stimulus for investment in resource efficient in fill development.

• Reduces automobile usage and fuel consumption, green house gas emissions and promotes energy efficiency and conservation.

• Provides green open space and recreational facilities. • Promotes public health and encourages active lifestyles. • Reunites the diverse community of the Beetham with the neighbouring settlements. • Provides an exemplary illustration of efficient and innovative alternative land use. • Strategies and outcomes serve as a national model for the creation of new green open space in a dense urban environment.

• Increases tourism.

• Creates a transit oriented development. • Utilizes 21st Century cutting-edge environmental technologies. • Reduces the heat island effect.

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Historical Precedent Ponte Vecchio, Florence Italy.

NICOLA VEGA The Ponte Vecchio (“Old Bridge”) is a Medieval bridge built over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy, supported a vibrant commercial development still in existence today. The bridge consists of three segmental arches: the main arch has a span of 30 meters (98 ft) the two side arches each span 27 meters (88 ft). The rise of the arches is between 3.5 and 4.4 meters (11½ to 14½ feet), and the span-to-rise ratio 5:1

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Historical Precedent Grand Central Terminal

The first air space development in the US was New York City’s Grand Central Station and Park avenue development, constructed over the central railroad in 1913. Burying electric trains underground brought an additional advantage to the railroads: the ability to sell above-ground air rights over the tracks and platforms for real-estate development. With time, prestigious apartment and office buildings were erected around Grand Central, which turned the area into the most desirable

commercial office district in Manhattan. The terminal also did away with bifurcating Park Avenue by introducing a “circumferential elevated driveway” that allowed Park Avenue traffic to traverse around the building and over 42nd Street without encumbering nearby streets. The building was also designed to eventually reconnect both segments of 43rd Street by going through the concourse if the City of New York demanded it.

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Case Study

The Vancouver Community Connector

Location: Vancouver, Washington Project Size: 14 acres Type: Freeway Cap/Air Rights Park Architects: Allied Works Architecture Gustafson Guthrie Nichol Scope: Research, Planning, Site Design, Structural System Design, Artist Coordination The Vancouver Community Connector is a 14acre urban park and freeway cap in Vancouver, Washington, just north of the Columbia River. The Connector will unite the city’s downtown with the Fort Vancouver Historic Reserve. In the process, it will reclaim ground lost in the reconstruction and expansion of Interstate 5. Developed in collaboration with landscape architects Gustafson Guthrie Nichol, the design interprets the landscape, geology and cultural history of Washington and the Columbia River. The Connector features a promenade lined with flowing water, a native Camas prairie and a wetland meadow. At highway level, a vaulted and coffered concrete structure provides durability, efficiency and sound mitigation. The Connector is organized as a series of intersecting and overlapping plates that allow light to pass from upper to lower levels, and offer framed views of the city and sky. For more than a century, historic Fort Vancouver was connected to and had a strong interaction with downtown Vancouver. This bond was severed more than 50 years ago when Interstate 5 was constructed. The Community Connector Project will reconnect the Fort Vancouver National Site with downtown Vancouver.

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Case Study

The Vancouver Community Connector

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Case Study

Hollywood Freeway Central park

Location: Hollywood, California Project Size: 44 acres Type: Freeway Cap/Air Rights Park Architects: AECOM Scope: Research, Planning, Site Design, Structural System Design. The Hollywood Freeway Central Park is a proposal to build a neighborhood park of up to 44 acres over the US-101 freeway in Hollywood. The proposed cap park will help bring together communities that were separated from each other when the freeway was built, and will create a much-needed street-level public park in one of the lowest resident-to-park space communities in California. The primary goal of Hollywood Central Park is to develop and implement plans that achieve the following objectives: Strengthen the economy through job creation, resource efficient new in fill development and increased tourism dollars by investing in the existing community and revitalizing an economically disadvantaged urban community. Reduce automobile usage and fuel consumption, reduce green house gas emissions and promote energy efficiency and conservation. Promote public health and equity. Improve infrastructure systems which will demonstrate strategies and outcomes that can serve as a national model for the creation of new green open space in a dense urban environment.

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Case Study

Hollywood Freeway Central Park

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Case Study Habitat 67

Location: Montreal, Canada Project Size: 238,000 sq. ft (approx. 5.5 acres) Type: Multi- family Housing Complex Architects: Moshe Safdie Scope: Completed 1967 Habitat 67 is an urban and three-dimensional housing concept   rallying the “single family dwelling” in an adaptable form to density. It was designed to integrate the variety and diversity of scattered private homes with the economics and density of a modern apartment building. Modular, interlocking concrete forms define the space. The project was designed to create affordable housing with close but private quarters, each equipped with a garden. The building was believed to illustrate the new lifestyle people would live in increasingly crowded cities around the world. 354 cubes of a magnificent grey-beige build up one on the other to form 148 residences nestled between sky and earth, between city and river, between greenery and light. The whole unites in a gigantic sculpture futuristic interiors, links, pedestrian streets and suspended terraces, aerial spaces, skylights of different angles, large plazas and monumental elevator pillars, without forgetting the openings, here and there, that are as many winks and calls to meditation from the environment as well as from the living experience.

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Case Study Habitat 67

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Case Study Unite D’abitation

Location: Marseilles, France Project Size: 11.5 acres Type: Multi- family Housing Complex Architects: Le Corbusier Scope: Completed 1952 The Unite d’Habitation is a 19 level reinforced concrete building. There are 337 apartments designed to house up to 1600 people. The living quarters begin on the second floor set on huge concrete piers, where the first floor is mostly an open sheltered plaza, except for the entrance to the building. Most of the 337 apartments are double height units that wrap vertically around horizontal ‘streets’ that only occur on levels 2, 5, 10, 13, and 16. (See the building section, the ‘streets’ are shown in blue, and the dwelling units are shown in alternating colors to show how the double height spaces wrap around the street.) The design planned for a 24 unit hotel with restaurant and bar (shown in the section in purple) and a variety of shops including a laundry, bakery, butcher, salon, pharmacy, and real estate and commercial offices on the seventh and eighth floors accessible from a double height gallery on the west side of the building. “The flat roof is designed as a communal terrace with sculptural ventilation stacks, a swimming pool with children’s play area, a gymnasium, nursery school, solarium, open air theater and running track.

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Case Study

Unite D’habitation

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Case Study Colorado Court

Location: Santa Monica, California Project Size: 30,150 sq. ft Type: Supportive housing Architects: Pugh + Scarpa Architecture Scope: Completed November 2002 Colorado Court is not only the first building of its type in the country to be 100% energy neutral, but also the first to achieve a LEED “Gold” rating. Colorado Court has set the standard for future affordable housing projects, proving that energy efficiency is an attainable goal in concert with design excellence, economy of means, and livability. Colorado Court distinguishes itself from most conventionally developed projects in that it incorporates energy efficient measures that exceed standard practice, optimize building performance, and ensure reduced energy use during all phases of construction and occupancy. The planning and design of the 44 unit affordable housing project for low-income residents emerged from close consideration and employment of passive solar design strategies. Colorado Court also features a natural gas powered turbine/heat recovery system that generates the base electrical load and hot water demands for the building and a solar electric panel system integrated into the façade and roof of the building, which supplies most of the peak load electricity demand.

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Case Study Tetris Building

Location: Project Size: Type: Architects: Scope:

Ljubljana, Slovenia 53 820 sq. ft Social Apartments Ofis Arhitekti Completed November 2007

The formal concept reinstates three-dimensional lace which embraces the volume of the building. The lace is then transformed into functional elements; projecting roofs, pergolas, apartment dividing walls, terraces and balconies with loggias. These elements are protecting external spaces and interior of apartments and provide additional privacy to inhabitants. Since the orientation of the building is towards the busy highway the apartment openings together with the balconies are shifted at 30 degrees window-wings towards the quieter and south orientated side. Long after the elevations were planned many people associated them to Tetris game. And so the building got its name. The facade color patterns are taken from typical color elements of the area (typical Gorica valley soil, wine and brick roof-tops) The combination of balconies and winter gardens function as constant temperature buffer zone to the main living and sleeping areas. The balconies are shifted opposite from the busy road. On the same time provide shelter from direct sunlight direction. Additional aluminum shading panels are placed on the outer sides of the winter loggias and balconies. The service and communication spaces are reduced to minimum thus the daylight is provided on the shafts. The monthly basic energetic and service costs are very low; so also economic for the habitants since the apartments are social type.

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Precedent

Site Design Features - Air Rights Development

Outdoor Amphitheatre The Scott Arboretum, Pennsylvania Constructed in 1942, the Outdoor Amphitheater was designed by noted Philadelphia landscape architect, Thomas W. Sears. Today, mature tulip trees and white oaks provide the “ceiling� for this memorable spot. Movable Lounge Chairs Highline Park, NYC One of the most exciting furniture pieces on the High Line are the movable chaise lounge chairs located at the Sun deck between West 14th and 15th Streets. These lounge chairs will sit on the original rail tracks, mounted on new wooden ties, and can be rolled into place or set with brakes. Tensile Shading Structures Shade Sculptures work well independently or in multi-unit groupings. Dynamic compositions are easily achieved and the Sculpture is rotatable. The form of these structures are ideal to incorporate a rainwater collection system. Elevated Walkways Highline Park, NYC In this area, a micro-climate has been naturally created by adjacent buildings. In response, the walkway of the High Line will lift off of the structure as a thin metal grate, giving users views of the moss and ground cover below as they walk through a canopy of sumac trees.

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Precedent

Site Design - Supportive Housing Unit

Soffit Lighting Highline Park, NYC Fluorescent tubes installed in the passage were joined by colorblast LED fixtures at the base of each of the columns lining the passage, and the artistic glass feature was illuminated from behind using VL3500s for brightness. Bicycle Racks The Bay City Bike Rack is a high-design rack perfect for those looking to add visual impact to their environment. Intended to fuse seamlessly with contemporary architectural features, its small scale and stand-alone design generate a completely different form when placed in groups. The Bay City Rack can also be arranged in an alternating pattern, allowing for more lock points on individual frames. Outdoor Seating Hopper clearly bears resemblance to the traditional picnic tables everybody knows, but as is typical of Extremis it offers extra comfort. The four pass through zones make it easy to get in and out of Hopper without having to lift your leg over the bench or disturbing your table-companions. Also available as a bench. Romeo & Juliet is no ordinary bench. It not only offers passers-by a comfortable place to sit and relax, but it also adds a touch of green to the environment.

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Precedent Structure

The Structure: Cast Steel Columns Exterior Steel Bracing The Gerberette Concrete Floor Panels Steel is the only permanent element of structure. The 850 mm steel columns surrounding the exterior of the concrete cast floor plates to create part of the industrial looking exo skeleton which can carry 3000 tons of vertical force. The steel cross bracing controls the lateral forces applied to the structure and enable the exterior to have thermal movement because of the hinge connections. The columns create 13 visual bays which brace and support the mechanical systems. The exterior steel bracing consists of cross bracing and horizontal bracing. Post tensioning was used to ensure that the 60 mm steel rods stayed in place when attached to the steel columns and concrete floor beams. The horizontal bracing connects the exterior cross-bracing to the columns. This part of the structure stabilizes the columns from vertical buckling forces. This occurs at the entry level then every other floor until the top of the building. The Gerberettes are the cantilevered arms that connect the steel columns to the 157 foot long and 3 feet deep trusses which enable the concrete floor slabs to be column free. These gerberettes are needed to make sure the loads from the six floors of the building are transferred down the center axis of each column to prevent bending moments

NICOLA VEGA

These trusses act as deep horizontal beams which pass the shear forces to the corners and then down to the ground. The trusses are placed together using pin connections. There are two advantages of this construction type: 1. The material was placed exactly where needed 2. The webbed steel makes the building feel light and airy

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Precedent

Materiality - Terrazzo

Terrazzo flooring is a recycled product, created centuries ago by Venetian workers using the waste chips from slab marble processing. Today it continues to provide environmentally friendly durability and low maintenance, typically lasting the life of the building. With no V.O.C.s, it earns further point on indoor air quality ratings. Recycled content is still a standard feature of modern Terrazzo. It is the ultimate choice when evaluating finishes on a life cycle basis. Terrazzo is a composite material poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of marble, quartz, granite, glass or other suitable chips, sprinkled or unsprinkled, and poured with a binder that is cement based, chemical or a combination of both. It is cured, ground and polished to a smooth surface or otherwise finished to produce a uniformly textured surface. Durability Terrazzo floors have an outstanding record of durability and performance; will typically last the life of the structure. In many older buildings, the floors can be restored to their original luster at a fraction of the cost of replacing the finish. Low Maintenance Both cement and thin set epoxy terrazzo floors have extremely low maintenance costs. Annual stripping and resealing can utilize environmentally friendly water-based products. Routine maintenance includes dry and damp mopping, with an occasional spray buffing. In comparison, carpet requires energy intensive daily vacuuming and periodic steam cleaning.

Composition and Embodied Energy Terrazzo is composed of naturally occurring aggregates, recycled glass or plastic and processed cement or epoxy binders. The binders constitute approximately 25%-30% of the volume of the terrazzo floors; the remainder of the floor is composed of aggregates, pigments, and fillers. Initial life cycle assessments of embodied energy appear extremely favorable due to the longevity and low energy usage for maintenance. Recycle/Reuse Content Several glass aggregate suppliers are currently providing post consumer recycled glass to the marketplace. Several slab marble and granite quarries have supplies of post-industrial stone left from slab granite and marble processing. The plastic chips actually contain as much as 20% recycled plastic. Aluminum divider strips may also incorporate recycled metal. V.O.C Off-Gassing and Indoor Air Quality Both cement based and thin set epoxy terrazzo systems are comprised of zero VOC materials. Terrazzo exhibits little or no off-gassing over the life of the cured floor. The non-porous, cleanable terrazzo finish does not support microbial growth, nor allow moisture to accumulate, helping to maintain a mold-free environment with improved indoor air quality. Local Sourcing Suppliers and distributors, strategically located throughout the country. Terrazzo is manufactured on-site minimizing post-commercial waste and transportation costs. By comparison, much of the marble and ceramic floor tile used in Trinidad is manufactured overseas and imported.

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Precedent

Materiality - Wood

Wood is one of the oldest materials that have been used in the construction and probably the most versatile: it is used as a structure, such as interior and exterior cladding, in laminates, in carpentry, in ceilings and roofs, for floors, etc. Wood is one of the oldest materials that have been used in the construction and probably the most versatile: it is used as a structure, such as interior and exterior cladding, in laminates, in carpentry, in ceilings and roofs, for floors, etc. Among the advantages of wood for housing construction and note are the following: Low cost due to its light weight and low energy consumption required to produce, transport and processing. Inexhaustible natural resource because its production depends on solar energy is infinite. Cedrela odorata known as Spanish-cedar in English commerce, or West Indian Cedar in the Caribbean is an aromatic wood that is in high demand in the American tropics because it is naturally termite and rot-resistant. A brise-soleil, is a sun baffle outside the windows or extending over the entire surface of a building’s facade. Many traditional methods exist for reducing the effects of the sun’s glare, such as lattices, pierced screens as used at the Tāj Mahal, or blinds of split bamboo as used in Japan, shades used outside the windows that are similar in effect to venetian blinds.

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Precedent

Materiality - Bamboo

Bamboo is one of the most amazingly versatile and sustainable building materials available. It grows remarkably fast and in a wide range of climates. It is exceedingly strong for its weight and can be used both structurally and as a finish material. The canes are beautiful when exposed and they can be cut in such a way as to be re-combined into useful products such as bamboo flooring. There is a long vernacular tradition of the use of bamboo in structures in many parts of the world, especially in more tropical climates, where it grows into larger diameter canes. In its natural form, bamboo as a construction material is traditionally associated with the cultures of South Asia, East Asia and the South Pacific, to some extent in Central and South America. Bamboo is also widely used in landscaping due to its ability to grow quickly in thick, tall sections. It makes an excellent privacy barrier, while also providing a nice aesthetic. Often misunderstood as a light, slender wood, bamboo is lighter than steel, but five times stronger than concrete. It absorbs four times more carbon-dioxide than most trees. It can grow faster than any normal tree, and has a great cooling effect too. There are many advantages to using bamboo in construction. It is a highly functional, beautiful, earthquake-indifferent material. Bamboo occurs in many sizes, many degrees of hardness, and many grades of color and occupies a wide range of habitats. It is possible to build multiple-storey buildings with bamboo. Whereas trees must be replanted when they are harvested, bamboo roots sprout up again quickly. Some of its species constitute the world’s fastest growing plants. Some of its species grow at an incredible rate of 91 cm per day.

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Precedent

Materiality - Hollow Core Clay Blocks

For thousands of years, man has used clay in construction. Beginning with the simple adobe bricks, and advancing over time to the use of hollow core clay blocks, clay has proven itself worthy of its role in the development of modern civilization. Clay building blocks have been trusted to support innumerable projects island-wide and regionally. They facilitate faster construction and offer superior moisture resistance as well as present better thermal and sound insulation. They are also easy to maintain and have great resistance to fire. Any fired clay product will have a relatively high embodied energy content due to the power required for the kiln in which it was produced. However, this embodied energy can be reduced by selecting a brick type from the most local brickworks, thereby reducing transportation. This product offers a lightweight, thin bedded block with a vapour permeable structure and insulating properties due to its cellular nature. The omission of the cavity system with its twin leaves may also offer environmental benefits due to the resultant increase in speed of construction on site. Vent blocks provide not only beauty but practical protection while allowing some light and air into the functional space. They are especially useful in cutting heavy winds without blocking all circulation of air for ventilation. Hollow blocks require greater shell and web thickness and higher minimum compressive strength than structural clay tile, but permit greater void area and lesser distance from exposed edge to core hole than solid brick. Therefore, environmental and structural performance may be different in elements constructed of hollow block from those constructed of structural clay tile or solid brick.

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Precedent

Materiality - Glass

The University of Derby’s new Beacon Staircase provides just that – a highly visible campus landmark illuminated by cutting-edge lighting technology. Undertaken in conjunction with a re-cladding project involving three tower blocks and a link staircase, the transformation of the latter into a nocturnal rainbow became the responsibility of architecture and design consultants Tilney Shane of London. According to Tilney Shane director Andrew Bartlett, the brief envisioned ‘a cost-effective scheme to light the planar glazed link staircase in a manner that would be visible from the surrounding area and provide a landmark beacon for the Kedeston Road campus.’ The requirement was fulfilled by highly specialized linear fluorescent luminaires, which are capable of generating almost every colour, or white light of any colour temperature. The Beacon Staircase includes 43 of these fixtures, each connected to a remote control system through which a virtually infinite number of colour shifts and variations among the entire array can be programmed. During daylight hours the stairs can be lit with an additional white tube included in each fitting. This particular fluorescent technology, developed by Martin Professional, offers a captivating palette of shifting colours in the public space while preserving the benefits of overall energy efficiency.

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User Profiles Local Resident

Ossie “Fatts� Stout currently lives in the Beetham Gardens makes a living by scavenging the adjacent landfill for items that may be of value that can be sold. He lives in a nearby single room dwelling, with his son, across the highway from the landfill. He gets up at 5 am every morning to catch the arrival of the night time waste management trucks, in order to stake his claim on the recently collected garbage. He works long hard hours in the sweltering heat, fighting off other scavengers who may want to steal from him. He is in his mid forties and suffers from diabetes. He will be able to access all of the services available to residents of the supportive housing units; All of the ground floor, his individual apartment and the rooftop terrace.

Security

Don is the head of security. He is in his late twenties, is in good health and single. He has access to all public areas of the building, but is usually stationed in the Lobby of the building. He is in charge of scheduling the other security guards and supervision and training of new guards. He works 6 days a week on a shift system. There are 3 shifts; 8 am -3 pm, 3 pm- 11 pm and 11 pm -8 am. At shift change he does an inspection of all spaces and floors. His daily duties consist of greeting visitors, and directing them to various areas of the housing unit as the case may be. He is allowed to utilize the amenities available to the residents, such as the cafe and gym.

On-Call Counsellor

Ann-Marie is one of three counsellors available to the residents of the supportive housing units. Her regular hours of operation are from 11 am - 8 pm. She has her own office, where she sees residents recently rehabilitated and recovering from drug and alcohol abuse, as well as other residents who have been homeless, unemployed and in abusive situations. She also conducts group sessions and art therapy. When she is on call she is required to stay on site for 24 hrs. There are living quarters available to her, however this studio space is shared, in that it is used by other counsellors when they are on call.

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL CONCEPT

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Location

6 - Step Mapping World - Region - Country - Municipality - City - Site

Trinidad is the southern most island of the eastern Caribbean. It lies northeast of the South American country, Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boundaries with other nations including Barbados to the northeast, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west. Location - 10° 40’ N 61° 31’ W.

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Historical Context

Trinidad is the oldest settled island in the west indies. The First recorded Settlement is at Banwari Hill in South west Trinidad at the edge of the Oropouche Lagoon established by Meso Indians from South America, 7200 years ago. Historically development was very limited in Trinidad, for nearly 200 years it remained undeveloped and isolated until the 1780’s Trinidad remained essentially Amerindian society. Physical development was initiated almost 200 years after most of the other established West Indian colonies. The Spanish Cedula of population in 1783 gave land parcels; up to 3000 acres to free people in exchange for the island’s development. This had implications for the present day ownership, use and distribution or large amounts of land.

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE GENERAL SITE

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Natural Features

The islands of Trinidad & Tobago are 100 square miles and represent an extension of the South American mainland. The dominant physical feature of Trinidad is its Northern Range, a continuation of the coastal ranges of the Andes Mountains in Venezuela. The range runs east-west at an average elevation of about 1,500 ft, rising to 3,084 ft at the country’s highest peak. On the southern side of the range, foothills with an elevation of approximately 500 ft descend to the Northern Plain.

Running across the centre of the island, from southwest to northeast, is the Central Range, the highest point of which 1,009 ft. A third row of mainly low hills, the Southern Range, adds further variety to the mostly flat or undulating surface of Trinidad. The three mountain ranges determine the island’s drainage pattern. Rivers are numerous but short. In low lying areas swamps can be found; the Caroni Swamp in the northwest lies to the south of the beetham estate and the neighbouing landfill.

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Location

Site - Aerial View

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Climate

Climatic Types

Tropical Maritime warm days and cool nights with rainfall mostly in the form of showers due to daytime convection. This typifies the dry season from January to May. Influenced by the northeast trade winds.

Modified Moist Equatorial low wind speeds and hot humid days and nights with a marked increase in rainfall, not always convective. During this period, the islands come repeatedly under the influence of equatorial weather systems.

Factors that affect Climate in Trinidad 1. Latitudinal Position 2. Intertropical Convergence zone 3. Mid-Atlantic Upper-level Trough 4. Orography, Land size and Sea Breezes 5. Tropical waves and Cloud Clusters Major causes of flooding 1. Topography 2. Land Use practices 3. Rainfall 4. Soil Types

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Climate

Weather Data

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Climate

Solar Azimuth

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Climate Wind Rose

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Existing Site Conditions Master Plan - Phase 1 & 2

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Existing Site Conditions Master Plan - Phase 3 & 4

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Existing Site Conditions Figure Ground

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Existing Site Conditions Land Use & Population DIstribution

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Exisiting Site Conditions Building Typologies

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Existing Site Conditions Diagrammatic Site Analysis

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL SITE

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Existing Site Conditions Photographic Documentation

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Existing Site Conditions Photographic Documentation

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GS 017 SHEET

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Existing Site Conditions Photographic Documentation

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Program Matrix

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Time of Use Diagram

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD GENERAL PROGRAM

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Program Calculations Supportive Housing Services

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Program Calculations

Residential Units & Rooftop Terrace

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Master Plan Concept - Plan

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Master Plan

Concept - Site Section

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Master Plan

Concept - Block Structure

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Master Plan

Inspirational Imagery

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Master Plan In context

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Master Plan Land Use

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD CIVIC/SITE DESIGN

C 006 SHEET

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Master Pan

Parking Diagram

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Master Plan Site Selection

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Site Plan

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Site

Sun Studies

Summer 9am

Summer 12 noon

Summer 6 pm

NICOLA VEGA

Winter 9am

Winter 12 noon

Winter 6pm

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Site

Level 0 - Private Parking Plan

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Sketches

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SCHEMATIC DESIGN

X 701 SHEET

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Massing Model

Rooftop (green roof) Rooftop Terrace Housing Units Circulation towers Supportive Services

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SCHEMATIC DESIGN

X 702 SHEET

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Structural Framing

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD STRUCTURE

S 301 SHEET

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Wall Section

Green Wall/louvre System

Concrete Masonry Units Cedar Top Soil Rubble Geo-textile Membrane

Lightweight Concrete Rebar Corrugated Metal Deck Welded Angles Continuous Shelf angle Clip Angle Open Web Steel Joist I-Beam

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G

Detail section of planter box and green wall connection

PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD STRUCTURE

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Level 1

Supportive Services

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD FLOOR PLANS

A 101 SHEET

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Level 2-6

Apartment Units

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD FLOOR PLANS

A 102 SHEET

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Level 7

Rooftop Terrace

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD FLOOR PLANS

A 103 SHEET

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Level 1

Colour Coded

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD FLOOR PLANS

A 104 SHEET

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Level 2-6

Colour Coded

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD FLOOR PLANS

A 105 SHEET

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Elevation

North Eastern Facade 6 am

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A 201 SHEET

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Elevation

Eastern Facade 7:30 am

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A 202 SHEET

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Elevation

South Eastern Facade 9:00 am

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD ELEVATIONS

A 203 SHEET

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Elevation

Southern Facade 11:00 am

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD ELEVATIONS

A 204 SHEET

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Elevation

South Western Facade 11:00 am

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A 205 SHEET

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Elevation

Western Facade 2:30 pm

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A 206 SHEET

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Elevation

North Western Facade 4:00 pm

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD ELEVATIONS

A 207 SHEET

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Elevation

Northern Facade 5:30 pm

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD ELEVATIONS

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Sections Transverse

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SECTIONS

A 301 SHEET

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Sections Longitudinal

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SECTIONS

A 302 SHEET

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3D Section

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SECTIONS

A 303 SHEET

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Occpancy Loads

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD LIFE SAFETY

A 702 SHEET

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Exterior Rendering

Southern

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD RENDERINGS

A 901 SHEET

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Exterior Rendering Northern

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD RENDERINGS

A 902 SHEET

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Exterior Rendering

Entry

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD RENDERINGS

A 903 SHEET

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LEED

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SUSTAINABILITY

A 801 SHEET

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Sustainability Design Features

Rain water collection

Daylighting

Natural Ventilation

Greenwall System

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD SUSTAINABILITY

A 802 SHEET

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Mechanical & Plumbing Plan

[1] 3t unit

[2] 3t unit

[1] 5t unit

[2] 3t unit

[1] 5t unit

ZONE 1 - 7.79 t COOLING LOAD ZONE 2 - 5.16 t COOLING LOAD ZONE 3 - 11.63 t COOLING LOAD

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Indoor Packaged Units

Dimensions of 3 tonne and 5 tonne units

3t unit

5t unit

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Indoor Packaged Cooling Unit

Installed

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD MECHANICAL

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Trash Chute

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Required Plumbing Fixtures as per code

Number of Plumbing Fixtures provided Lavatories = 2 Water closets = 6 Waater fountain = 1 2 lavatories per apartment unit

NICOLA VEGA B E E T H A M V I L L A G E SUPPORTIVE H O U S I N G PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD PLUMBING

P 001 SHEET

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The Urban Village  

Air Rights development - Supportive Housing - Beetham Gardens Revitalization.

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