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O W NEF' S

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cBR600FAa


2004 Honda CBR600F4i OWNER'S MANUAL


Introduction Congratulationson choosingyour Honda motorcycle. When you own a Honda,you're part of a worldwide family of satisfiedcustomers - peoplewho appreciateHonda's reputationfor building quality into every product. Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycleandhow it works. To protectyour investment,we urgeyou to take responsibilityfor keepingyour motorcyclewell maintained.Scheduled serviceis a must,of course.But it's just as importantto observethe break-in guidelines,and perform all pre-rideand otherperiodicchecksdetailedin this manual.

Introduction

We alsorecommendthat you readthis owner'smanualbeforeyou ride. It's full of facts,instructions,safetyinformation, andhelpfuttips.To makeit easyro use. the manualcontainsa detailedlist of topicsat the beginningof eachsection, and both an in-depthtableof contentsand an index at the backof the book. As you readthis manual,you will find informationthat is precededby a lNoTlcEI symbol.This informationis intendedto help you avoid damageto your Honda,otherproperty,or the environment.


Introduction Readthe WarrantiesBooklet (page 223 ) thoroughlyso you understandthe coveragesthat protectyour new Honda and are awareof your rights and responsibilities. If you haveany questions,or if you ever needspecialserviceor repairs,remember that your Hondadealerknowsyour motorcyclebestand is dedicatedto your completesatisfaction.

You may alsowant to visit our websiteat www.honda.com. Happyriding! Califomia Proposition65 Warning WARNING: This productcontainsor emitschemicalsknown to the Stateof Califomia to causecancerandbirth defectsor otherreproductiveharm.

Pleasereportany changeof addressor ownershipto your Hondadealerso we will be ableto contactyou concerning importantproductioninformation.

Introduction


A Few Words About Safetv Your safety,and the safetyof others,is very important.And operatingthis motorcyclesafely is an importantresponsibility. To help you makeinformed decisionsaboutsafety,we haveprovidedoperatingprocedures andotherinformationon labelsandin this manual.This informationalertsyou to potential hazardsthat could hurt you or others. Of course,it is not practicalor possibleto wam you aboutall hazardsassociatedwith operatingor maintaininga motorcycle.You mustuseyour own goodjudgment. You will find importantsafetyinformationin a varietyof forms,including: o SafetyLabels-

on the motorcycle.

o Safety Messages- precededby a safetyalert symbol A and one of threesignalwords: DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION. Thesesisnalwordsmean:

Safety Messages


A Few Words About Safety HURTif you You WILLbe KILLEDor SERIOUSLY don't follow instructions. HURTif you don't You CANbe KILLEDor SERIOUSLY follow instructions. You CANbe HURTif vou don't follow instructions. o Safety Headingso Safety Sectiono Instructions -

suchas ImportantSafetyRemindersor ImportantSafetyPrecautions. suchas MotorcycleSafety.

how to usethis motorcyclecorrectlyand safely.

This entiremanualis filled with importantsafetyinformation- pleasereadit carefully.

Safety Messages


Contents Thesepagesgive an overviewof the contentsof your owner'smanual.The first pageof eachsectionlists the topics coveredin that section. Motorcycle Safety........... I Importantsafetyinformationyou shouldknow, plus a look at the safetyrelatedlabelson your motorcycle. Instruments & Controls... 9 The locationand function of indicators, gauges,andcontrolson your motorcycleandoperatinginstructions for variouscontrolsand features.

Contents

Before Riding 37 The importanceof wearinga helmet and otherprotectivegear,how to make sureyou and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and importantinformationabout loading. Basic Operation & Riding ..,............,.47 How to startand stopthe engine,shift gears,and brake.Also, riding precautionsandimportantinformation aboutriding with a passenger or cargo.


Contents Servicing Your Honda.......................63 Why your motorcycleneedsregular maintenance, what you needto know beforeservicingyour Honda,an owner maintenanceschedule,and instructions for specificmaintenanceand adiustmentitems. Tips ......... r6t How to storeand transportyour motorcycleandhow to be an environmentally-responsible rider. Taking Care of the Unexpected........167 What to do if you havea flat tire, your enginewon't start,etc.

Technical Information....................... 197 ID numbers,technicalspecifications, and othertechnicalfacts. ConsumerInformation...................... 219 Informationon warranties,emission controls,how to get Hondaservice manuals,and... "Reporting Safety Defects",..,..... 22E Table of Contents .,,.....230 Sequential listingof topicsin this owner'smanual. Index.............

.,...............236

Quick Reference Handyfactsaboutfuel, engineoil, tire sizes,and air pressures.

Contents


MotorcYcleSafety someof the mosl This sectionpresents informationand itt"n-, to help you ride your i..i"*-."o"ions safelY'Pleasetuktj f"* -,^. ;;;;"."This sectron readthese.pages' #;;;;," the about li.. ,".i"ott information on Your io".utionof safetYlabels motorcYcle'

tn{ormld:l ImporlantSafetY ... Modi fi cattons.................... a n.i .tto" tt ? SafetYLabels "

MotorcYcle SafetY


Your motorcycle can provide many years of serviceandpleasure-if you take responsibility for your own safety and understandthe challengesyou can meet while riding. Thereis much that you can do to protect yourselfwhen you ride. You'll find many helpful recommendationsthroughout this manual.The following area few that we considermostimportant.

Motorcycle Safety

Always Wear a Hehnet It's a provenfacl helmetssignificantly reducethe numberand severityof head injuries.So alwayswear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sureyour passenger doesthe same.We also recommendthat you wear eye protection, sturdyboots,gloves,and otherprotective gear(page38 ).


Important Safety Information Take Time to Learn & Practice Even if you haveriddenother motorcycles, take time to becomefamiliar with how this motorcycleworks and handles. Practicein a safeareauntil you build your skills and get accustomedto the motorcycle'ssizeandweight. Becausemanyaccidents involve inexperiencedor untrainedriders,we urge all ridersto take a certified course approvedby the MotorcycleSafety Foundation(MSF).Seepage40 . Ride Defensively The mostfrequentmotorcyclecollision happenswhen a car turnsleft in front of a motorcycle.Anothercommonsituationis a car movingsuddenlyinto your lane.

Always pay attentionto othervehicles aroundyou, and do not assumethat other driversseeyou. Be preparedto stop quickly or makean evasivemaneuver.For otherriding tips, seethe booklet,Youand Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and Practice Guide, which camewith your new motorcycle(USA only). Make Yourself Easy to See Somedriversdo not seemotorcycles becausethey arenot looking for them.To makeyourself more visible, wear bright reflectiveclothing,positionyourselfso otherdriverscan seeyou, signalbefore turning or changinglanes,and useyour hornwhenit will helpothersnoticeyou.

Motorcycle Safety


fmportant Safety fnformation Ride within Your Limits Pushrnglimits is anothermajor causeof motorcycleaccidents.Neverride beyond your personalabilitiesor fasterthan conditionswanant. Rememberthat alcohol,drugs,fatigue,andinattentioncan significantlyreduceyour ability to make goodjudgmentsandride safely. Don't Drink and Ride Alcohol andriding don't mix. Even one drink can reduceyour ability to respondto changingconditions,andyour reaction time getsworsewith every additional drink.So don't drink andride,anddon't let vour friendsdrink and ride either.

Motorcycle Safety

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition It's importantto keepyour motorcycle properlymaintainedand in saferiding condition.To help avoid problems,inspect your motorcyclebeforeeveryride and perform all recommendedmaintenance. Neverexceedload limits (page45 ), and do not modify your motorcycle(page6 ) or install accessories that would make your motorcycleunsafe(page5 ).


Accessories& Modifications Modifying your motorcycleor usingnonHondaaccessories can makeyour motorcycleunsafe.Beforeyou consider makingany modificationsor addingan accessory,be sureto readthe following information.

lmproperaccessories or modifications cancausea crashin whichyoucanbe seriously hurtor killed. Followall instructions in this owner'smanualregarding accessories and modifications.

Motorcycle Safety

'i

t

Accessorios

F

We stronglyrecommend thatyou useonly genuineHondaaccessories that havebeen specificallydesignedand testedfor your motorcycle.BecauseHondacannottestall you mustbe personally otheraccessories, responsible for properselection, installation, anduseof non-Honda accessories. Checkwith your Hondadealerfor assistance andalwaysfollow these guidelines: r Make surethe accessorydoesnot obscureany lights,reduceground clearance andleanangle,limit suspension travelor steeringtravel,alter your riding position,or interferewith operatingany controls.


Accessories& Modifications o Do not add any electricalequipment that will exceedthe motorcycle's electricalsystemcapacity(page205 ). A blown fuse can causea lossof lights or enginepower (page 189). o Do not pull a trailer or sidecarwith your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designedfor theseattachments,and their usecan seriouslyimpair your motorcycle'shandling.

We sftongly adviseyou not to remove any original equipmentor modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its designor operation. Such changes could seriouslyimpair your motorcycle's handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafeto ride. Removingor modifying your lights, exhaustsystem,emissioncontrol systom, or otherequipmentcan alsomakeyour motorcycleillegal.

Motorcycle Safety


Safet Labels Safetylabelson your motorcycleeither warn you

;H:,?il'"x?;:**

of potentialhazards

that could cause provide important rur"ivi'ro.-ation.Readtrr"s"iuf"i, careruuy and

Motorcycle Safety


Safety Labels

, AEAF 2 9 0 tp a 2 9 0 r q r /cn , 4 2 p s oa , 50r9rrr r6 ps I P T0 s0 ,i . i l n i ( n r i t Fq o \_ 5 0 '' ", FEAF 2 9 0 .e a , q 0 1 q ( - L p ! M AX U U i lWEC N IC APIC lY I 7 5 tg ( 3 8 6 tb s ) "" "

Il BE SZE

i l i l TtIr u |l i l r ci t!{l N i l N tm ^ t8 t,i l c[3 w t

I AE BR AN OFN ON I N EAB 3 RD GEST0 N E l f N r 0 tIt i l {]0 AR r i l [ f 0 I0 D !i l l o P D &tr V orrP M C sEtI Pd SPON TE Pb ISPON TI M N R EC OM M EN O TIN E C EN TEB TBEAD D EPTH FF0 ITI 5 n m1 0 .0r6l EEAR ? .0 n nl 0

I R E BSAN OFFON T 8 F0 C ESr 0 [Ei l o j tr r r i l I r 0 !N t0 P D !i l v i l C BEL N Pb ISPOFTI

T0 e0k!r,c0h lup I mmr[!![ iiSi!:;38illj:;t l!l: M IXM U WEC M NC TAPAC TY TIFE S/2 E :

1 7 9 kg ( 3 9 5 b s )

l N o i lt) 1 ti i l :N ti []C1 i l W)N tMti l Il zR j l l l t0ti JW

FEAN 0 i 0 ]m tr o l I 0 {} Ph ISIOR IT

M N . R EC OM M EN DIIR E C EN TEE TSTAD OEPTN IR 0 N Ir 5 m n1 00 6i t 8 t^ 8 ? o m mi 0 m n

npr0p0r 0adrng can cause a caash and you may be seriousty hurt or k Ied. S e e 'L o a d L r m t l s a n d G u r d e l t n e s " I n v o u r 0 w n e r 's M a n u a l , o r c o m ! t e l e I n E l r u c t o n s

Motorcycle Safety


Instruments & Controls This sectionshowsthe locationof all gauges,indicators,andcontrolsyou would normally usebeforeor while riding your motorcycle. The items listedon this pagearedescribed for other in this section.Instructions in othersections components arepresented of this manualwheretheywill be most useful.

II ............................ Locati ons C omponent .......... & Displays.... Indicators Gauges, - 14 21 ................ Display....... Multi-function Low Oil PressureIndicatorand 22 MalfunctionIndicatorLamp.............. CoolantTemperatureIndicatorand 23 MalfunctionIndicatorLamp.............. ...............24 FuelIndicator ...............25 Speedometer. ...............25 Odometer...... 26 ..................... A & 8 ........... Tri pmeter Changingthe Speedand ........................ 21 Mi l eageU ni t............... ...............28 D i gi talC l ock Meter............... 3I CoolantTemperature

Instruments& Controls


lnstruments& Controls

10

Instruments& Controls


tachometer mlrror rearuiew

coolanttemPerature meter rearyiewmirror

multi-function display

frontbrakefluid reseryolr

headlightdimmer switch

enginestop switch

clutchlever

front brake lever

switch turnsignal

throttlegrip

horn button

startbutton fuel fi l cap l Instruments& Controls

1l


Component Locations tool kit compartment

battery

"'.. helmetholder i

rearbrakefluid

owner'smanual storage

front comoression dampingadjuster

passenger footpeg rear rebound

dampingadjuster

L2

Instruments& Controls

rearbrakePedal

oil levelinspectionwindow


ComPonent Locations helmetholder

liuster ir dampingadjuster rearcompression ' : fusebox:

storagecompaftment :lgf?g^? lock forU-shaPed .:

passengerfootPeg frontcomPresston dampingadjuster

footpeg shift lever

rearspringPre-load adjuster Instruments& Controls

13


Gauges,Indicators & Displays The gauges,indicatorsand displayson your motorcyclekeepyou informed,alert you to possibleproblems,and makeyour riding saferand more enjoyable.Refer to the gauges,indicatorsand displays frequently.Their functionsaredescribed on thefollowingpages.

(l ) tachometer (2) tachometerred zone (3) tachometerred zoneindicator (4) coolanttemperaturemeter (5) multi-function display (6) resetbutton (7) selectbutton (8) left turn signalindicator (9) malfunctionindicatorlamp (MIL) (10)neutralindicator (l l) PGM-FImalfunctionindicarorlamp (12)high beamindicator

(13)rightturnsignal indicator

L4

Instruments& Controls


Gauges,Indicators & Displays Lamp Check The malfunctionindicatorlamp comeson when you turn the ignition switch ON so you can checkthat it is working. The indicator remainson until after the engine is started. The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp, neutral indicator, high beam indicator, left turn signal indicator, right turn signal indicator and tachometerred zone indicatorlight for a few secondsand then go off when you tum the ignition switch

oN. Theseindicators are identified in the table on pagesl7 - 20 with the words:Inmp Check.

If one of theseindicatorsdoesnot come on when it should,have your Honda dealer check for problems. Meter Check The tachometerneedlewill swing to the end of the red zone once when you turn the ignition switch ON. The meter is identified in the table on page 17 with the words:Meter Check. If the tachometerneedledoesnot swing to the end of the red zone when it should, haveyour Hondadealercheckfor problems.

Instruments & Controls

15


Gauges,Indicators& Displays DisplayCheck When the ignition switch is turnedON, the multi-functiondisplay( I ) and coolant temperaturemeter(2 ) will temporarily showthe entiredigital display.Thereafter, (3 ) will showfrom 180 the speedometer mph to 0 mph (from 290 km/h to 0 km/h in km/h) so that you can makesurethe liquidcrystaldisplayis functioning properly. The displaysareidentified in the tableon pages17 - 18 with thewords:Display Check. If any part of thesedisplaysdoesnot come on when it should,haveyour Hondadealer checkfor problems.

16

Instruments& Controls

Rt8

I I I

r

ll

EB 6tr'L+8,5'

EEE;,^ *FA" EEEEE ffiEE (2)

(1) multi-function display (2)coolanttemperature meter (3)speedometer


I

tachometer

2

tachometer red zone

engt"espeedin revolutionsperminute(rpm)' Show.s Check. Meter enginerpm range(indicatedfrom Showsexcessive redzone)in which thebeginningof thetachometer operationmay damagethe engine.Do not let the tachometer needleentertheredzone.

3

tachometerred zone indicator(vellow)

Flasheswhen the tachometerneedleenters the red zone.Inmo Check.

A

coolanttemperature meter

(page 3l ). Showscoolanttemperature ("F), : Centigrade("C)' Canada : Fahrenheit USA DisolavCheck.

Instruments& Controls

t7


Gauges,Indicators & Displays f

multi-functiondisplay low oil pressure indicator/coolant temperatureindicator

fuel indicator

$pgedometer

The displayincludesthe following functions: Disolav Check. Flashesthe low oil pressureindicatorand/orcoolant temperatureindicatorto notify that thereis abnormalityin engineoil pressureand/orcoolant temperaturewhen the malfunctionindicatorlamp lights. Seepases 22 - 23. When this indicatorcomeson while riding, fuel reservedin the tank is about: 0.92U S gal (3.50) Seepaee24.

perhour Shows ridingspeod inmilesorkilometers (nase 25 \-

r tripmeterA & B

dieitalclock

l8

Instruments& Controls

Showsthe totalmilesor kilometersridden(oase25 ). Showsthe numberof miles or kilometersridden sinceyou last resetthe meter.The tripmeterhastwo submodes,"A" and "B." To zero(0) the tripmeter, pressthe resetbutton(oase26 ). Showshour and minute /r,aee28 \


Gauges,Indicators & Displays 6

resetbutton

7

selectbutton

8

left turn signalindicator

Resetsthe tripmeterto zero (0) (page26 ). Also usedto setthe dieital clock (paee28 ) SelectstripmeterA or B (page26) andchanges speedand mileageunits for the speedometer/ (page27 ). odometer/tripmeter Also usedto setthe disital clock (oase 28 ). Flasheswhen the left turn signaloperates.

(amher)

Inmn Cherk

9

malfunctionindicator lamp (MIL) (red)

Lights when coolantis over the specified temperature,and/orengineoil pressureis below normaloperatingrange.If the indicatorlights,pull safelyto the sideof the road.(pages22 - 23 ). Lamp Check,Seepages186 - 188forinstructions andcautions.

l0

neutral indicator (green)

Lights when the transmissionis in neutral. f nmn

Cherk

Instruments& Controls

t9


Gauges,Indicators & Displays ll

PGM-FI malfunction indicatorlamp(red)

t2

high beam indicator (blue)

Flasheswhenthereis any abnormalityin the PGMFI (Programmed FuelInjection)system.Shouldalso light for a few seconds andthengo off whenthe ignitionswitchis tumedON andtheenginestop switchis at RUN. If the indicatorcomeson at any othertime,reducespeedandtakeyour motorcycleto a Hondadealeras soonas possible.lnmp Check. Lightswhenthe headlightis on high beam. lnmn Check.

l3

right turn signal indicator (amber)

Flasheswhen the right tum signal operates Inmo Check.

20

Instruments & Controls


(8) The multi-functiondisplay( I ) includes the followingfunctions: low oil pressureindicator coolanttemperatureindicator speedometer odometer tnpmeter fuel indicator digital clock Digital clock ( 8 ), tripmeter( 6 ), and fuel indicator(7 ), will resetif the batteryis disconnected.

(1) (4) (6) (5) (7t (1) multi-functiondisplaY (2) low oil pressureindicator (3) coolant temperatureindicator (4) speedometer (5) odometer (6) tripmeter (7) fuel indicator (8) digital clock (9) resetbutton (10) selectbutton (11) malfunctionindicatorlamp (MIL) Instruments & Controls

2l


Gauges,Indicators & Displays If the low oil pressureindicatorflashes andthe malfunctionindicatorlamp goes on, pull safelyto the sideof the road. Seepage 188 for instructionsand cautions. The low oil pressureindicator( l) flashes and the malfunctionindicatorlamp (2 ) lights whenengineoil pressureis low enoughto causeenginedamage. The low oil pressureindicatorshouldalso flash and the malfunctionindicatorlamp shouldalsogo on whenthe ignition switch

indicator isturned 0N,Themalfunction lamp stayson andthe low oil pressure indicatorkeepsflashinguntil after the engineis started.

- lE l|-----# ,lt (1)

(1)lowoil pressure indicator (2)malfunction indicator lamp(MlL) 22

Instruments & Controls


Gauges,Indicators & Displays

The coolant temperatureindicator ( I ) flashesand the malfunctionindicatorlamp (2 ) lights whenthe coolanttemperature reaches251'F (122'C). At the sametime, the numbersin the coolant temperature meterdisplayskrt flashing. If this occurs,stopthe engineand check the reservetank coolantlevel. Readpages 102- 105 and do not ride the motorcycle until the problemhasbeencorrected.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

(1)coolanttemperature indicator (2)malfunction indicator lamp(MlL)

Instruments & Controls


Gluges, Indicators & Displays

When the fuel indicator( I ) lights,you shouldrefill the tank as soonaspossible. When this indicatorlights while riding, the amountof fuel remainingis approximately:

0.92USsal (3.50) After the fuel indicator lights, the fuel reservesegments(2 ) will flash in sequenceaccordingto the distance traveled.

After refueling,the fuel indicatorwill go OFF only when all of the following conditionsaremet: e More than90 secondshaveelapsed after the ignition switch was turnedON. o The engineis running. o The sidestandis raised. . The amountof fuel in the tank is more than 0.92U S S al (3.5 0). The fuel indicatorwill resetif the battery is disconnected. (1)-{e." l-'F;

Gt-aa 'I

rl

'- '- " - - - - '- >

Ls (1) fuel indicator (21tuel reserve segments 24

fnstruments & Controls

i;: rs' i

-


Gauges,Indicators & Displays Speedometer ( I ) showsriding speed The speedometer perhour. in milesor kilometers

Odometer

"'--fl'o,'

The odometer (2 ) shows the total miles or kilometersridden.

(1) speedometer (2)odometer (3) tripmeter

Instruments& Controls


Gauges,Indicators & Displays

The tripmeter(3 ) showsnumberof miles or kilometersridden sincevou last reset the meter. The tripmeterhastwo submodes,A (4 ) andB (5 ).

(6\ {r

(4)-'"n

€F|-+ dil Yll

Efi.Ell

I t o,*E@l

Pushthe selectbutton(6 ) to switch betweentheA (4 ) andB (5 ) modes,

rE

To resetthe tripmeter,pushand hold the resetbutton(7 ) for a coupleof seconds.

(4)tripmeter A (5)tripmeter B Instruments& Controls

nnl

tst.tJl

(6) selectbutton (7) reset button


Gauges,Indicators & Displays

(6). a=--

ffi-- tl 6t l

- >l t

- tl

(6) select button

Instruments & Controls

27


Gauges,Indicators & Displavs Digital Clock Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time, proceedas follows: l. Turn the ignition switch ON. 2. Pressand hold both the selectbutton ( 2 ) and reser button ( 3 ) for more than 2 seconds.The clock will be set in the adjust mode with the hour displav flashing.

. . -\onii]i:,J5

ouiilj:,J5 ' r'

(1)di gi tal cl ock (2) selectbutton (3) resetbutton Instruments& Controls


Gauges,Indicators & Displays 3. To setthe hour, pressthe resetbutton until the desiredhour andAM/PM are displayed.

r-

)ta

(o -- t_ +l tl

(# -|

4. Pressthe selectbutton. The minute display will start flashing.

oniil!:,i,5 ' r'

r--

)t-

I I

(ffiL @ -ll |l

+

-|

Instruments& Controls

29


Gauges,Indicators & Displays 5. To setthe minute,pressthe resetbutton until thedesiredminureis displayed. The minutedisplaywill returnto "00" when "60" is reachedwithout affecting the hour display.

(_

)ta

(ot_ d# ---t I --l

30

-.,-l

Instruments& Controls

t

6. To end the adjustment, press the select button or turn the ignition switch OFF. The display will stop flashing automatically and the adjustment will be cancelled if the button is not pressed for about 30 seconds.


Gauges,fndicators& Disqlays

ie The coolanttemperaturemeter( I shows ) thecoolanttemperature dieitallv.

feryselsqluLby Below 94.F (34 "C\

' is displayed

Between Actual coolant 95" F - 270.F temperatureis (35'C - 132"c\ !!qrlayed.

Above 270.F (132.C,)

The displayremains "270 "F 032.C)"

(For U S A )

(1) ( For Canada)

-E-r--------r

o..

" rrr-Il---,75-., (1) coolanttemperaturemeter Instruments& Controls

3l


Gauges,Indicators & Displays Message: Overheating When the coolanttemperaturereaches 251"F(122"C),the numbersin the temperaturedisplaystartflashing.At the sametime,thecoolanttemperature indicator( 3 ) flashesandthe malfunction indicatorlamp(4 ) goeson. If thisoccurs,stopthe engineandcheck thereservetankcoolantlevel.Readpages I 02 - 105 anddo not ride the motorcycle until theproblemhasbeencorrected.

( ForUSA)

E r\-4"

T^=5lf ( ForCanada)

* fE * . r : , 3 1 tt-r+

f

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

(3) coolanttemperatureindicator (4) malfunction indicatorlamp(MlL) 32

Instruments& Controls


Controls & Features FRONT

The ignition switch is usedfor startingand stoppingthe engine(page49 ) and to lock the steeringfor theft prevention(page58 ). Insertthe key and turn it to the right for the ON position.Pushdown on the key and tum it to the left to the LOCK (steeringlock) position.

Kev Position

Function

ON

Electrical circuits on.

OFF

No electrical circuitsfunction. Noelectricalcircuits function.Locksthe steerinohead.

LOCK (steering lock)

(1) ignitionswitch To unlock the steeringlock, insertand pushdown on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.

Instruments & Controls


Controls & Features

The start button ( I ) is usedfor starting the engine.Pushingthe buttonin startsthe engine.SeeStartingProcedure,page 50 . When the startbuttonis pushed,the starter motor will crankthe engine;the headlight will automaticallygo out, but the taillighr will stayon. The startermotor will not operateif the enginestopswitch is in the OFF position when the startbuttonis pushed.

34

fnstruments & Controls

RIGHTHANDLEBAR

(1) (1)startbutton (2)enginestopswitch

R opr Q nurrr

The enginestopswitch (2 ) is usedto stop the enginein an emergency.To operate, pushthe switch to the OFF position.The switch mustbe in the RUN positionto startthe engine,andit shouldnormally remainin the RUN positionevenwhenthe eneineis OFF.


Controls& Features jf 1o.urmotorcycleis stoppedwith the rgnrtron switchON andtheenginestop swilchOFF,rheheadtight andraillighi wrll.remain on.resulting in bartery discharse.

The headlightdimmerswirch( 1) is used to changebetweenthehigh and low beams oI theheadlight.To operate,turn the swirch to HI for high beam,LO for low Deam.

The turn signalswitch(2) is used to sisnal a turnor a lanechange.To operate. mo"ve theswitchall theway in theproper otrectlonand releaseit. The appropriate turn signallights will srartbfi;kin;. To cancelthe light, pushthe switch iri

(2) (3) (1) headlightdimmerswitch (2) turn signalswitch (3) horn button

=D HI 1D to (cont'd)

Instruments & Controls

35


Controls& Features Horn Button The horn is used to alert other motorists. To operate,push the horn button (3 ).

ResetButton The resetbuttonis usedto reset(zero)the tripmeter.To resetthetripmeter,pressand hold thebuttonfor about2 - 3 seconds (page26 ). The resetbuttonis alsousedto setthe digitalclock (page28 ).

36

Instruments & ('ontrols

SelectButton The selectbuttonis usedto switch betweenthetwo tripmeter(A & B) to To switchfromone{ripmeler displays. theother,pressthe button(page26 ). The selectbuttonis alsousedto change thespeedandmileageunitsfor the To speedometer/odometer/tripmeter. changethe unit,pressandholdthe button (page21 ). The selectbuttonis alsousedto setthe digitalclock (page28 ).


Before Riding Before eachride, you needto makesure you andyour Hondaareboth readyto ride. To help get you prepared,this section discusseshow to evaluateyour riding readiness, whatitemsyou shouldcheckon your motorcycle,and adjustmentsto make for your comfort, convenience,or safety, This sectionalso includesimportant informationaboutloading.

38 A re Y ou R eadyto R i de? ...................... 38 hotectiveApparel.............................. 40 RiderTraining ............. Is Your MotorcycleReadyto Ride ? ....41 41 P re-ri de Inspecti on ............................. LoadLimit & Guidelines 44 ....................... 44 Loadi ng......... ............... LoadLimits .................45 Loadi neGui del i nes ............................ 45

For informationaboutadjustingthe suspension on your Honda,seepage I 19.

Before Riding

37


Are You Ready to Ride? Before you ride your motorcyclefor the first time, we urgeyou to: . Readthis owner's manual. o Make sureyou undentand all the safety messages, o Know how to operateall the controls.

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, usea commercially-available elasticcord, strap,or net to securethe helmetto the seat.

Before eachride, be sure: o You feel well and are in goodphysical and mentalcondition. . You are wearing an approved motorcyclehelmet(with chin strap tightenedsecurely),eyeprotection,and

For your safety,we stronglyrecommend that you alwayswear an approved motorcyclehelmet,eyeprotection,boots, gloves,long pants,and a long-sleeved shirt orjacket wheneveryou ride. Although completeprotectionis not possible,wearingpropergearcanreduce the chanceof injury when you ride. Following are suggestions to help you choosethe propergear.

otherprotective clothing. o You don't haveany alcoholor drugsin your system. Make sureyour passenger is readyto ride, too, and is wearingpropergearincludinga helmet. 38

BeforeRiding


Are You Readvto Ride? Helmets and Eye Protection Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection againsthead injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely.A bright-coloredhelmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic. An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only). Always wear a face shield or goggles to proteclyour eyesand help your vision.

Notwearinga helmetincreases thechanceof seriousinjuryor deathin a crash. Be sureyouandyourpassenger alwaysweara helmet,eye protection,and otherprotective apparelwhenyou ride.

AdditionalRidingGear In additionto a helmetandeye protection, we alsorecommend: e Sturdybootswith non-slipsolesto help protectyour feet and ankles. o Leatherglovesto help protectyour hands. (cont'd) BeforeRiding

39


Are You Readvto Ride? o A motorcycleriding suit orjacket for comfort as well asprotection. Bright-coloredandrefl ectiveclothing can help make you more noticeablein traffic. Avoid looseclothesthat could get caughton any part of your motorcvcle.

Developing yourridingskillsis anongoingprocess. Evenif youhaveridden othermotorcycles, taketimeto become familiarwithhowthismotorcycle works andhandles.Practiceriding the motorcyclein a safeareato build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomedto the motorcycle'scontrols, and feel comfortablewith its sizeand weight. 40

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a certified courseapprovedby the MotorcycleSafety Foundation(MSF). New ridersshould startwith the basiccourse,andeven experiencedriderswill find the advanced coursebeneficial.For informationabout the MSF training coursenearestyou, call the nationaltoll-free number:(800)11469227. Other riding tips can be found in the Riding Tips bookletthat camewith your motorcycle(USA only).


Is Your Motorcvcle Readv to Ride? Before each ride, it's important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but becausehaving a breakdown, or even a flat lire. can be a major inconvenience.

f.*.

youcanbe inwhich crash seriously hurtor killed.

.'t..,'=

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Tires

lmproperly maintaining this motorcycle or failingto correcta problembeforeridingcancausea

,.

Look at thetires.If a tire appearslow, usean air pressure gaugeto checkits pressure. Also look for signsof damageor wear(page136). excessive

thecondition of thechain. Chain Check Adjust slack and lubricate as needed(page 143).

Alwayspedorma pre-ride inspection beforeeveryrideand correctanyproblems. (cont'd) Before Riding

4l


Is Your MotorcycleReadyto Ride? Leaks, Inose Parts

Lights

Walk aroundyour motorcycleand look for anythingthat appears unusual,suchasa leakor loosecable. Make surethe headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signalsareworking properly.

If you arecanying a passenger or cargo, alsocheckthe following: ktad Limits

Make sureyou do not exceedthe load limits (page45 ).

Cargo

Checkthat all cargois secure.

Adjustments Adjustthe suspension (pages120, 124) accordingto your load.

42

Before Riding


fs Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? Checktheseitemsafter you get on the motorcycle: Throttle

Rohte the throttleto check it movessmoothlywithout binding.

Brakes

Pull the brakelever and presson the brakepedalto checkthat they operate normally.

Indicators

If you haven't riddenthe motorcyclein over a week,you shouldalsocheckother items,suchas the oil level and otherfluids. SeePeriodic Maintenance(page70 ). Periodicmaintenanceshouldalsobe done at leastoncea month,no matterhow often you ride. Remember,be sureto takecareof any problemyou find, or haveyour Honda dealercorrectit beforeyou ride.

Turn the ignition on and checkfor normal operation of the indicators(page 14).

BeforeRiding

43


Load Limits & Guidelines Your motorcyclehasbeendesignedto carry you and one passenger. When you carcya passenger, you may feel some differenceduringacceleration andbraking. But so longasyou keepyour motorcycle well-maintained, with goodtiresand brakes,you can safelycarry loadswithin the givenlimits andguidelines. However,exceedingtheweightlimit or carying an unbalanced loadcanseriously impairyour motorcycle'shandling, braking,andstability.Non-Honda accessories, impropermodifications,and poormaintenance canalsoreduceyour safetymargin.

44

BeforeRiding

L*dtd

-'

How muchweightyou put on your motorcycle,and how you load it, are importantto your safety.Anytimeyou ride with a passenger or cargo,you should be awareof the following information.

Overloading or improperloading cancausea crashandyou can be seriously hurtor killed. Followall loadlimitsandother loadingguidelines in thismanual.


Load Limits & Guidelines

Following arethe load limits for your motorcycle: maximum weight capacity: 3 8 6 l b s (1 7 5k g ) 395 lbs (179 kg) (Canada only) includesthe weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo,and all accessories. maximum cargo weight: 6 0 l b s (2 7 k g ) will The weightof addedaccessories reducethe maximumcargoweight you can ctury.

Your motorcycleis primarily intendedfor You transportingyou and a passenger. may wish to securea jacket or othersmall itemsto the seatwhen you arenot riding with a passenger. If you wish to carry more cargo,check with your Hondadealerfor advice,and be sureto readthe informationregarding accessories on page 5 . Improperlyloadingyour motorcyclecan affect its stabilityandhandling.Evenif your motorcycleis properlyloaded,you shouldride at reducedspeedsand never exceed80 mph (130 kn/h) when carrying cargo. BeforeRiding

45


Load Limits & Guidetines Follow theseguidelines wheneveryou carTya passenger or cargo: o !!eck that both tiresire properly inflated(page134). r If you changeyour normalload, vou mayneedto adjustthefronl suspension (page 120) and the rear suspensron (page124). o To preventloose itemsfrom creatinga hazard,makesurethat all cargo is tild downsecurelybeforeyou nde. o Placecargoweight asiow andcloseto thecenterof your motorcycleas possible. o Balancecargoweight evenlyon both sides.

46

BeforeRiding


Basic Ooeration & Ridino This sectiongivesbasicriding instructions, includinghow to staft and stopyour engine,andhow to usethe throttle,clutch. andbrakes. Il alsoprovidesimporranr information on ridingwith a passenger or cargo. To protectyour new engineandeniov optimumperformanceand servicejiie. referro Break-inCuidelines (page20g,1. California only: To protectthe catalyticconverterln your motorcycle'sexhaustsystem,avoid extendedidling and the useof leaded gasoline.

SafeRidingprecautions ......................... 4g Starting& Stopping rheEngine.............49 Preparation.... ............... 49 Starting Procedure .............................. 50 Fl ooded E ngi ne................................. .. 5I BankAngle SensorIgnitionCut_off S ystem........... ............... 5l H ow to S toptheE ngi ne.....................52 S hi fti ngGears...................................... ... 53 B raki ng ............................ 55 P arki ng.......... ...................57 Ridingwith a Passenger or Careo..........62

BasicOperation& Riding

47


Safe Riding Precautions Before riding your motorcyclefor the first time, pieasereview the Motorcycle Safety sectionbeginningon pagel, andthe Before Riding sectionbeginningon page 1t

Evenif you haveriddenothermotorcycles, taketime to becomefamiliarwith how this motorcycleworksandhandles. Practicein a safeareauntil you build your skillsandgetaccustomed to the motorcycle'ssizeandweight. California only: Make sureflammablematerialssuchas dry grassor leavesdo notcomein contact with the exhaustsystemwhenriding, idling,or parkingyour motorcycle.

48

Basic Operation & Riding


Starting & Stopping the Engine Always follow the properstarting proceduredescribedbelow. For your safety,avoid startingor operating the enginein an enclosedareasuchasa garage.Your motorcycle'sexhaust containspoisonouscarbonmonoxidegas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed areaandcauseillnessor death. Your motorcyclecan be startedwith the transmissionin gearby pulling in the clutch lever beforeoperafingthe starter. Your motorcycleis equippedwith a side standignitioncut-off system.If theside standis down-the enginecannotbe startedunlessthe transmissionis in neutral. If the sidestandis up-the enginecan be startedin neutral,or in gearwith the

clutch lever pulled in. After startingwith the sidestanddown,the enginewill stopif the transmissionis put in gearbefore raisingthe sidestand.

Before starting,insertthe key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following: o The transmissionis in NEUTRAL (neutralindicatorlight ON). r The enginestopswitch is setto RUN. o The malfunctionindicatorlamp is ON. . The low oil pressureindicatoris flashing. o The PGM-FI indicatoris OFF.

BasicOperation& Riding

49


Starting & Stopping the Engine The malfunction indicator lamp and low oil pressureindicatorshouldgo off a few secondsafter the engine starts.If the malfunctionindicatorlamp stayson and the low oil pressureindicator keeps flashing,stopthe engineimmediatelyand checkthe engineoil level.

This motorcyclehasa fuel-injectedengine with an automaticfast idle. Follow the procedureindicatedbelow, Any Air Temperature r Pressthe start button with the throttle completelyclosed. The enginewill not startif the thrcttle is fully open(becausethe Electroniccontfol modulecuts off the fuel supply).

50

BasicOperation & Riding


Starting &

If the enginefails to startafter repeated attempts,it may be flooded with excess fuel. To cleara floodedengine: l. Leavethe enginestopswitch setto RUN. 2. Openthe throttle fully. 3. Pressthe startbuttonfor 5 seconds. 4. Follow the normalstartingprocedure. 5. If the enginestarts,thenopenthe throttle slightly if idling is unstable. If the enginedoesnot start,wait 10 seconds,thenfollow steps I - 4 again.

Your motorcycle'sbanking(leanangle) sensorsystemis designedto automatically stopthe engineand fuel pumPif the motorcycleis overturned. Before restartingthe engine,you must turn the ignition switch to the OFF positionand thenback to ON. The engine will not restartuntil you perform this procedure.

If the enginestill won't start,refer to f Your EngineQuits or Won't Start, page 169. BasicOperation& Riding

51


Starting & Stopping the Engine How to Stop the Engine Normal Engine Stop To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF. The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN positioneven when thc engineis OFF. If your motorcycle is stoppedwith the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlightand raillighr will remainon, rcsultingin battery discharce.

52

BasicOperation& Riding

Emergency Engine Stop To stop the engine in an emergency,use the engine stop switch. To operate,press t h e s w i t c ht o t h e O F F p o s i t i o n .


Shiftine Gears

shiftingpattern Your motorcyclehassix forward gearsin a one-down,five-up shift patternwhich is clutch with a cable-operated coordinated

sy$em. Learning when to shift gears comes with experience.Keep the following tips in mind: o As a generalrule, shift while moving in a straight line.

o Closethe throttleand pull the clutch lever in completelybefore shifting. Impropershifting maYdamagethe engine,transmission,and drive train. o Leam to recognizethe engagement point as you releasethe clutch lever.It is at this point the transmissionof power to the rear wheelresumes. . Upshift to a highergearor reduce throttlebeforeenginerpm (speed)gets too high. Learn the relationshipbetween enginesoundand the normal shifting

points. o Downshiftto a lowergearbeforeyou feel the enginelaboring(lugging)at low rpm.

Basic Operation & Riding

53


Shifting Gears o Avoid downshiftingto help slow your motorcyclewhen enginerpm is nearits allowablemaximum(nearthe tachometerred zone).In this situation, the rev limiter in the engineignition control modulemay not prevent excessiveenginespeedwhich could damagethe engine. . To preventtransmissiondamage,do not coastor tow the motorcyclefor long distanceswith the engineoff. RecommendedShift Points Ride in the highestgearthat lets the enginerun and acceleratesmoothly.This will give you goodfuel economyand control.When effectiveemissions changinggearsundernormalconditions, shift points: usetheserecommended

54

BasicOperation & Riding

Shifting Up: From lst to 2nd: From 2nd to 3rd: From 3rd to 4th: From 4th to 5th: From 5th to 6th:

12 mph (20 km/h) 19 mph (30 km/h) 25 mph (40 km/h) 3l mph (50 krr/h) 37 mph (60 km/h)

Shifting Down: From 6th to 5th: From 5th to 4th: From 4th to 3rd:

28 mph (45 hr/h) 22mph (35 kmih) 16 mph (25 kn/h)

Pull the clutch lever in when speeddrops below9 mph (15 km/h),whenengine roughnessis evident,or when engine stallingis imminent;and shift down to lst searfor acceleration.


Braking Your motorcycleis equippedwith disc brakingsystemswhich arehydraulically activated.Depressingthe brakepedal appliesthe rear disc brake.Operatingthe brakelever appliesthe two front disc brakes.

Graduallyincreasebrakingas you feel the brakesslowing your speed.The increase in enginecompressionfrom downshifting will help slow your motorcycle.

As a generalrule, the front brakingsystem providesabout70 percentof total stopping power.

To preventstalling the engine,pull the clutchleverin beforecomingto a completestop.For support,put your left foot down first, thenyour right foot when you arethroughusingthe brakepedal.

For full brakingeffectiveness,useboth

thepedalandleversimultaneously. Using both braking systemswill stop your motorcyclefasterwith greater stability. To slow or stop,applythebrakeleverand brakepedalsmoothly,while downshifting to matchyour speed.

Applying the brakestoo hard may cause the wheelsto lock andslide,reducing control of your motorcycle.If this happens, releasethe brakecontrols,steerstraight aheaduntil you regaincontrol,then reapplythe brakesmore gently.

BasicOperation & Riding

55


Braking When possible,reduceyour speedor completebrakingbeforeenteringa turn. Avoid brakingor closingthe throttle quickly while turning.Either actionmay causeone or both wheelsto slip and reduceyour control of your motorcycle. Your ability to brakein a tum andto brake hardin an emergencysituationare importantriding skills.We suggest attendinga MotorcycleSafetyFoundation experiencedrider trainingcourse (page40 ) to retaintheseskills. When descendinga long, steepgrade, useenginecompressionbrakingby downshifting,with intermittentuseof both brakes.Continuousbrake applicationcan overheatthe brakesand reducetheir effectiveness. 56

BasicOperation & Riding

Riding with your foot restingon the brakepedalor your handon the brake lever may actuatethe brakelight,giving a false indicationto otherdrivers.It may alsooverheatthe brakes,reducing effectiveness.


Parking l. Look fora level parkingarea.If you can't park on a pavedsurface,make surethe groundsurfaceis firm, especiallyunderthe sidestand. If you mustpark on a hill, leavethe transmissionin gearand positionthe rear tire againstthe curb at a 45 degree angle. California only: Make sureflammablematerialssuchas dry grassor leavesdo not comein contactwith the exhaustsystemwhen parkingyour motorcycle.Refer to Catalytic Converter ( Calif ornia Only), page 215.

2. Use the sidestandto supponthe motorcyclewhile parked. o To lower the sidestand,useyour foot to guide it down. Rememberthat loweringthe sidestandwith the transmissionin gearwill stopthe engine,evenif theclutchleveris pulled in. That is a function of the sidestandignition cut-off system. o Checkthat the sidestandis down all the way. o If you haveto park on a soft surface, insertsomethingsolid underthe side standfor support.

BasicOperation& Riding

57


Parkin FRONT 3. Usethesteeringlock. which locksthe nandtebar in place.Turn thehandlebar all the way to the left or right. push in on the ignitionkey andrurnir to LOCK. Kemovethe kev. (To.unlockthesteering lock.insertand pusndownon thekey andturn it to the nghfro rheOFFposition..)

To lock

To unlock (1)ignition key

(A)pushin (B)turnto LOCK (C)turnto OFF

BasicOperation & Riding


Parking

Ridingwitha helmetattachedto the holdercan interferewiththe rearwheelor suspension and couldcausea crashin whichyou hurtor killed. canbe seriously Usethe helmetholderonlywhile parked.Do not ridewitha helmet securedby theholder. (2)holderhooks 4. Use the helmet holder to secure your helmet with your motorcycle: o Remove the seat (page 84 ). . Hang your helmet on the holder hooks (2 ). o Install the seat.

Basic Operation & Riding


Parking

o Parkyour motorcyclein a locked garagewheneverpossible.If a garage isn't available,park in a concealedarea or in a wellJit areawith enough pedestriantraffic to discouragea thief. . Always take the ignition key with you. o Always usethe steeringlock (page 58 ), evenif you're parkingfor just a minute or two. A thief caneasilypushan unlockedmotorcycleto a waiting truck. o In additionto the steeringlock, usea good quality anti-theftdevicemade specificallyto lock a motorcycleto a secureobject.

60

Basic Operation & Riding

o If you decideto usean anti-theftdevice, selectone of good quality and be sureto follow the manufacturer'sinstructions. o The rear fenderhasa storage compartmentto storea U-shapedlock under the seat.After storing, use the rubberband( 1) to securelyfastenthe lock. SomeU-shapedlocks may not be storedin the compartmentdue to their sizeor design.


Parking R E AR \I' -:l:) ._ 'B--Jill)

(1) rubberband . Keepyour owner'smanual,current registration,and insuranceinformation with your motorcycle.This will makeit easierfor the authoritiesto find you if your motorcycleis stolenandrecovered,

BasicOperation& Riding

61


Riding with a Passengeror Cargo Your motorcycleis a high-performance sportmodeldesignedto carry you and one passenger.Wheneveryou add a passenger or cargo,you mustbe careful not to exceedthe total load limits for this vehicle (Inad Limits, page45 ). Make sureyour cargo is properly secured(lnading Guidelines,page 45 ). Also consideradjustingthe suspension (page I 19) for the extraload. Be awarethat carryinga passengeror heavycargocan affect acceleration, braking,andhandling.

62

Basic Operation & Riding

Before riding with a passenger, makesure your passenger is wearingthe proper protectiveapparel(page38 ). Also check that your passenger is not wearingany looseapparelthat might get caughtin the drive chain. to hold the grabrail or Tell your passenger your waist,leanwith you in the turns,and keep their feet on the passengerfootpegs at all times. even when the motorcvcle is stoppedat a traffic light.


Servicing Your Honda To help keepyour motorcyclein good shape,this sectionincludesa Maintenance Schedulefor requiredservice,a list of periodicchecksyou shouldperform at leastoncea month,and step-by-step instructionsfor specificmaintenancetasks. You'll alsofind importantsafety precautions,informationon fuels and oils, and tips for keepingyour Hondalooking great. For informationaboutthe exhaust

rgquirements emission andnoiseemission of the U.S. Environmentalhotection Agency (EPA) and the California Air Resources Board(CARB),seepage209.

USA only Maintenance,replacementor repair of the emissioncontrol devicesand systemsmay be performed bY anY motorcycle repair establishmentor individual using parts that are "certified" to EPA standards. Before YouServiceYour Honda 66 The Importanceof Maintenance............ 67 ...............'.... Safety............ Maintenance 68 ImportantSafetyPrecautions............. 70 PeriodicMaintenance............................. 72 Schedule ........................... Maintenance 77 .................... Maintenance Record...........

For informationaboutreplacingfuses,see page189. (cont'd) ServicingYour Honda

63


Chassis

64

Servicingyour Honda


Servicing Your Honda t-t recommendations for your motorcycle.Both the pre-rideinspectionand the scheduled maintenanceat the recommendedintervalsare necessaryto assuresafeand dependable perfbrmance.The periodicchecksprovideadditionalconfidencein your motorcycle's performance. Tvoe of Insoection/ServiceRefer to pase: Pre-ride Inspection 4l Periodic Maintenance 70 MaintenanceSchedule 72

When Performed before everv ride monthlv"

Who Performs you you

interval on schedule

vour Honda dealer*

' moreoften if you ride frequentlyor long distances;or anytimeyou cleanyour motorcycle ** unlessyou havethepropertools and service dataandaremechanicallyqualified

Servicing Your Honda

65


The Importance of Maintenance Keepingyourmotorcyclewell-maintained is absolutelyessentialto your safety.It's alsoa good way to protectyour investment,get maximumperformance, avoid breakdowns,andhavemore fun. A properlymaintainedmotorcyclewill also help to reduceair pollution. Remember, propermaintenance is the owner'sresponsibility. Be sureto inspect your motorcyclebeforeeachride, perform the periodicchecks,andfollow the Maintenance Schedulein thissection,

lmproperlymaintaining this motorcycle or failingto correcta problembeforeyou ridecan causea crashin whichyou can be seriouslyhurtor killed. Alwaysfollowthe inspection and maintenancerecommendations andschedulesin thisowner's manual. If your motorcycle overtums or rs involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspectsall major parts, even if you are able to make some repairs.

66

Servicing Your Honda


Maintenance Safety on how This sectionincludesinstructions to perform someimportantmalntenance tasks.If you havebasicmechanicalskills, you can perform many of thesetaskswith the tools providedwith your motorcycle. Other tasksthat aremoredifficult and requirespecialtools arebestperformedby professionals.Wheel removalshould normally be handledonly by a Honda technicianor otherqualified mechanic. Instructionsareincludedin this manual

service. inemergency onlyt0assist

Someof the most imPortantsafetY precautionsfollow. However,we cannot wam you of everyconceivablehazardthat Only can arisein performingmaintenance. you can decidewhetheror not you should perform a given task.

Failureto properlyfollow and instructions maintenance precautionscan causeyou to be seriouslyhurtor killed. Alwaysfollowthe proceduresand precautions in thisowner's manual.

Servicing Your Honda

67


Maintenance Safetv

o Make surethe engine is off before you begin any maintenanceor repairs.This will help eliminateseveralpotential hazards: Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust Be surethere is adequateventilationwheneveryou operatethe engine. Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let

andexhaust system cool theengine beforetouching. Iqiury from moving parts. Do not run the ensineunlessinstructedto do so.

68

Servicing Your Honda

o Readthe instructionsbeforeyou begin, and make sureyou have the tools and skills required. o To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface,usingthe sidestandor a maintenancestandto provide support. o To reducethe possibilityof a fire or explosion,be careful when working aroundgasoline.Useonly non-flammablesolvent,not gasoline,to cleanparts.Keepcigarettes,sparks,and

parts. flamesawayfromall fuel-related


Maintenance SafetY Rememberthat your Hondadealerknows fully equipped nou,toror.y.le bestandis ensurethe To it' io maintainind repair only new use reliability' and bestquality equivalents. their or parts Htnda g.nuin" the For."pui, andreplacement'If you have additional for tools and skills required an jobs'youcanpurchase maintenance (page Manual Service Honda official 220).

Servicing Your Honda

69


Periodic Maintenance In additionto the regularlyscheduled maintenance(page72 ) and daily pre-ride inspection(page4l ), considerperforming the periodiccheckson thefollowingpage at leastoncea month,evenif you haven't riddenyour motorcycle,or asoften as oncea week if you ride frequentlyor for long distances. It's a goodideato perform this maintenance any time you cleanyour motorcycle. Checkthe odometerreadingand perform maintenance checksthatare any scheduled needed(page72). Remember, more frequentchecksmay be neededfor riding in severeconditions.

70

Servicing Your Honda


Periodic Maintenance Tires

Fluids

Lighs Freeplay Drive Chain Fuses Nuts & Bolts

Check the air pressurewith a gaugeand add air if needed(page 134). Examinethe treadfor wear (page 136). Look closelyfor nails,embeddedobjects,cuts,andothertypesof damage(page 136). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface. Check the condition of the rims. Checkthe levelsof the engineoil (page 96 ), coolant(page 103), andbrakefluid (page130 ). Add the correctfluid asnecessaty,and investisatâ‚Źthe causeof anv low fluid level. Make surethe headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn signalsare workins orooerlv. Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 108 ) and throttle grip (nnse106) Checkcondition.adiustslack.and lubricateas needed/r,aee142). Make surevou havea full suoolvof soarefuses. Check the maior fasteners and tishten as needed.

Servicing Your Honda

7l


Maintenance Schedule The requiredMaintenanceSchedulethat follows specifieshow often you should haveyour motorcycleserviced,and what thingsneedattention.It is essentialto have your motorcycleservicedas scheduledto maintain safe, dependableperformance andproperemissioncontrol. The serviceintervalsin this Maintenance Schedulearebasedon averageriding conditions.Someitemswill needmore frequentserviceif you ride in unusually wet or dustyareasor at full throttle, Consultyour Hondadealerfor recommendations applicableto your individual needsand use.

72

Servicing Your Honda

Someitemsin the MaintenanceSchedule canbe performedwith basicmechanical skills and handtools.Proceduresfor these itemsareprovidedin this manual.Other itemsinvolve moreextensiveprocedures andmay requirespecialtraining,tools, andequipment.We recommendthat you haveyour Hondadealerperform these tasksunlessyou haveadvanced mechanicalskills and the requiredtools andequipment.Proceduresfor suchitems in this scheduleareprovidedin an official

Honda Service Manual for available purchase(page220).


Maintenance Schedule If you do not feel capableof performinga given taskor needassistance, remember that your Hondadealerknowsyour motorcyclebestand is fully equippedto maintainand repairit. If you decideto do your own maintenance, useonly genuine Hondapartsor their equivalentsfor repair or replacementto ensurethe bestquality andreliability. Performthe pre-rideinspection(page4l ) and owner maintenance(page 74) at each scheduledmaintenanceperiod.

Eachitem on the maintenanceschedule requiressomemechanicalknowledge. Certainitems(particularlythosemarked * * *; may requiremore technical and informationand tools.Consultyour Hondadealer. - Shouldbe servicedby your Honda dealer,unlessyou havethe propertools and servicedataand aremechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda ServiceManual (page220). * *In the interestof safety,we recommend theseitemsbe servicedonly by your Hondadealer.

ServicingYour Honda

73


Maintenance Schedule Summaryof MaintenanceScheduleNotes & Procedures: NOTES: l. At higherodometerreadings, repeatat the frequencyintervalestablished here. 2. Servicemore frequentlyif the motorcycleis riddenin unusuallywet or dustyareas. 3. Californiatypeonly. 4. Replaceevery2 years,or at indicated odometerinterval,whichevercomes first. Replacementrequiresmechanical skill. Refer to the official Honda servicemanual.

74

ServicingYour Honda

MaintenanceProcedures: l: inspectand clean,adjust,lubricate, or replace,if necessary C: clean A: adjust L: lubricate R: replace


Maintenance Schedule FREQUENCY x 1,000 mi 0.6 NOTE x 1,000km1.0

ITEM

o

rt

FUELLINE THROTTLEOPEHATION

x

AIR CLEANER

(Note1) READING ODOMETER 4 16 20 24 Relerto 8 6.4 12.4 19.2 zc.o 32.O 38.4 oaoe I

2

R

SPARKPLUGS F

*

U

k tr * z

a o a u

)r +

*

R 114

R

VALVE CLEARANCE ENGINEOIL

R

ENGINEOILFILTER

R

ENGINE IOLE SPEED

BADIATORCOOLANT COOLINGSYSTEM AIBSUPPLY SECONDARY SYSTEM

R R

R

R

R

R

I R

92 112 102

EVAPORATIVEEMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM

' Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unlessyou have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 22O). .'In the interest of safety, we recommend theseitems be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

ServicingYour Honda

75


Maintenance Schedule -=-==\

_=__-_FREOUENCY

1,000mi u.o I NOTE x 1,000 km 1.0

ITEM o uJ

= U

3

uJ

,lG

*

z a

DRIVECHAIN BRAKEFLUID BRAKEPADWEAR BRAKESYSTEM BBAKELIGHTSWITCH HEADLIGHT AIM CLUTCHSYSTEM

ODOMETERBEADING(Note1 4 8 12 16 20 24 6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4 I, L EVERY500 mi (800km)

4

R

R

128

108

I

141

SUSPENSION

= ut + NUTS,BOLTS.FASTENERS z *{ WHEELS/TIRES z {.{ STEERING HEAD

I

BEABINGS - Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 220 ). .-In the interest of safety, we recommend theseitems be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

76

Servicing Your llonda

129

132

SIDE STAND

*

Referto oaoe 142


Maintenance Record Keeping an accuratemaintenancerecord will help ensurethat your motorcycle is properly maintained.Retaindetailedreceiptsto verify the maintenancewas performed.If the motorcycleis sold,thesereceiptsshouldbe transferredwith the motorcycleto the new owner. Make surewhoever performs the maintenancecompletesthis record. All scheduled maintenance,including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance,is considereda normal owneroperatingcost andwill be chargedfor by your dealer.Use the spaceunderNotesto recordanythingyou want to remindyourselfaboutor mentionto your dealer.

Miles ftm) 600 fl.000) 4.000 (6.400) 8.000 (12,800)

Odometer

Date

Performed Bv:

Notes

12.00009,200)

r6,000 (25,600) 20.000 (32.000)

ServicingYour Honda

77


Maintenance Record Miles ftm)

24.000(38.400') 28.000(44.800) 32.000(51.200) 36,000(57.600)

Odometer

40,000 (64.000) 44.000 (70-400) 48.000 r76-800)

52.000(83.200) 56.000(89.600) 60.000(96.000) (102.400) 64,000 (108,800) 68,000

78

ServicingYour Honda

Date

Performed Bv:

Notes


frontbrakefluid reseryotr frontbrakelever

throttlegrip

frontspringpre-load adiuster/ frontrebound damping adjuster

fuel fi l l cap

Servicing Your Honda


owner'smanual storage

sparkplugs

frontbrake caliper

rear brake caliper rear rebound dampingadjuster oil fillercap ServicingYour Honda

oil levelinspection window

frontcompression dampingadjuster


engineidlesPeed

rearcompresslon dampingadjuster

lowerfairing front comPresslon dampingadjuster

drivechain

ServicingYour Honda

81


Tool Kit The tool kit ( I ) is storedin the storage compartmentunderthe seat(pageg4 ). Someroadsiderepairs,minor adiustments. andpartsreplacement can beperformed with the tools containedin thekit. R E AR

(1 )to o l k i t

82

Servicingyour Honda

c 8 X 12 mm openend wrench . 10 X 14mm openendwrench . l0 X 12 mm box endwrench o 22 mm box end wrench o 27 mm box end wrench o 5 mm hex wrench r pliers o no. 2 Phillips screwdriver o no. 2 screwdriver r screwdriverhandle o 0.7 mm feeler gauge o extensionbar o sparkplug wrench o pin spanner r tool bag


Ownerts Manual Storage Your motorcycleprovidesstoragefor the owner'smanualso you'll haveit with you for easyreference.Storeyour owner's manual(andotherdocuments) in the plasticstoragebag( I ) in theowner's manualstoragecompartment( 2 ) on the undersideof the seat(3 ) (page84 ).

UNDERSIDE OFTHESEAT (3)

Be careful not to flood this area when

washingyour motorcycle.

(1)storagebag (2)owner'smanualstoragecompartrnent (3)seat

Servicing Your Honda

83


Seat Removal Refer to SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68 . The seatmustbe removedfor battery maintenance andfusemaintenance, to use the helmetholder,or to accessthe tool kit andowner'smanual.

Removal l. Insertthe ignition key ( I ) into the seat lock (2 ). 2.Ttm it clockwise. 3. Pull the seat(3 ) backandup. Installation 1. Inserttheprong(4) into therecess underthe frame. 2. Pushdown on the rearof the seat.

REAR (4)

Be surethe seatis lockedsecurelyin positionafterinstallation.

(1) ignitionkey (2) seat lock 84

(3) seat (4) prong

Servicing Your Honda


Lower fuqtog,R"-ooul onpage 68 ' Referto SaferyPrecautions

RTGHTSIDE

Thelowertairing mu-st ::,;:ff$J:.. ot seryice the sPark Plugs inner fairing'

(1) (2)

(1)

(1)cliPs (2)screws (3)A bolts

(4) hook (5) grommet (6) B bolt (7) C bolts (cont'd)

ServicingYour llonda

85


Lower Fairing Removal LEFTSIDE

(1) (3) (8) (4)

(2)

Removal l. Removethe clips(l). 2. Removethe screws(2) 3. RemovetheA bolts(3). 4. Pull the hooks(4) out of the grommets (5). 5. Removethe B bolts16). 6. Removethe C bolrs(7). Installation Installationcan be donein the reverse orderof removal.

(7)

. Runthetubes (8)through theclip(9)of the lower fairing.

(1)clips (2)screws (3)A bolts (4)hook (5)grommet 86

(6) B bolt (7) C bolts (8) tubes (9) clip

Servicing Your Honda


Inner Fairing Removal Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68. The inner fairing mustbe removedto servicethe sparkplugs. Removal l. Removethelower fairing(page85). 2. Removetheclips(l). 3. Removetheinnerfairing (2). Installation . tnrt'uttutioncan be donein the reverse orderof removal.

(1) clips

(2) innerfairing

Servicing Your Honda


Fuel Refer to Saf ety-Precautions on page 68 .

r#in#+ tvpe pumpocrane number

;a;* '= ':;: unleaded 8 6 (o r h i g her)

We recommend thatyou useunleadedfuel because it producesfewerenginedeposits andextendsthe life of exhaustsystem components. California only; The useof leadedgaswitl damagethe catalyticconverter.

88

Servicing Your Honda

Your engine is designedto use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stafionsnormally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenatedfuels, see page 216.


Fuel Use of lower octanegasolinecan cause persistent"pinging" or "spark knock" (a loud rappingnoise)which, if severe,can leadto enginedamage.Light pinging experiencedwhile operatingundera heavy load,suchasclimbinga hill, is no cause for concern. If pingingor sparkknock occursat a steadyenginespeedundernormal load, changebrandsof gasoline.If pinging or sparkknockpersists, consultyour Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda


f,'uel Never usestale or contaminatedgasoline or an oil/gasolinemixture.Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank. Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 .

Fuel tank capacity: 4. 7 6 U S g a l (1 8 .00 ) The tank should be refilled as soon as possiblewhen the fuel indicatorcomeson.

(1) ignitionkey (2)fuelfillcap

(3) fillerneck

L Insertthe ignition key ( I ) in the fuel fill cap (2 ) and turn it clockwise. Servicing Your Honda


Fuel 2. Openthe cap. 3. Add fuel until the level reachesthe bottomof the filler neck (3 ). Avoid overfilling the tank.Thereshouldbe no fuel in the filler neck.

4. After refueling,pushthe fuel fill cap closeduntil it snapsand locks. 5. Removethe ignition key from the cap.

is highlyflammable Gasoline and explosive. Youcan be burnedor seriouslyinjuredwhenhandling fuel. r Stopthe engineand keepheat, sparksand flameaway. r Handlefuelonlyoutdoors. . Wipeup spillsimmediately.

ServicingYour Honda

9t


Engineoil quality is a major factor that affects both the performanceand the servicelife of the engine. Using the properoil (page 93 ) and filter, andregularlychecking,adding,and changingoil will help extendyour engine'slife. Even the bestoil wearsout. Changingoil helpsget rid of dirt and depositsin the engine.Operatingthe enginewith old or dirty oil can damage your engine.Runningthe enginewith insufficient oil cancauseseriousdamase to the engineand transmission. Changethe engineoil as specifiedin the maintenance scheduleonpage75.

92

Servicing Your Honda

When runningin very dustyconditions,oil changesshouldbe performedmore frequentlythan specifiedin the maintenanceschedule.


ffifi""d" cM or HP4(without SGor higher API classification excePtoils l a b e l e da s e nergY conservingon the c i rc u l a rAP I oo"r ine

viscositY

SAE1OW-AU

/rrroinht\

-JASO 903 T standard -

lahel

MA

.of VOO"nurnadditives)4-stroke

or Honda oiitusn& canada),

an 4-strokeoil (CanadaonlY)'or

* Suggested oils areequalin performance asenergy to 5i oits thatarenot labeled API service circular the on .""t"*i"g label.

Servicing Your Honda


Engine Oil & Filter o Your motorcycledoesnot needoil additives.Usethe recommendedoil. . Do not useoils with graphiteor molybdenumadditives.They may adverselyaffect clutch operation. . Do not useAPI SH or higheroils displayinga circular API "energy conserving"servicelabelon the container.They may affect lubrication andclutchperformance.

/"1R nrow10/__l

\:/ N OT R EC O MME N D ED O K . Do not usenon-detergent, vegetable, or castorbasedracingoils.

94

Servicing Your Honda

Otherviscositiesshownin the following chartmay be usedwhenthe average in yourriding areais within temperature the indicatedrange.


Engine Oil & Filter JASO T 903 standard The JASO T 903 standardis an index to chooseengineoils for 4-strokemotorcycle engines. Therearetwo classes:MA and MB. Oil conformingto the standardhasthe on the oil followingclassification container. (1) f--'' ---------I

|

@--

(2)

I\4EETING JASOT 903 PRODUCT THISMA PERFORMANCE GUARANTEEING COMPANY

(1) codenumberof the salescompany of the oil (2) oilclassification Servicing Your Honda

95


Engine Oil & Fitter

Eff ; Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68. R IG H TS ID E

(1) (2) (1) upperlevetmark (4)fiilercap (2) lowerlevelmark (3) inspectionwindow

96

Servicingyour Honda

1. Parkyour motorcycleon its side stand on a firm, level surface. 2. Startthe engineand let it idle for 3 5 minutes.Make surethe malfunction indicatorlamp and low oil pressure indicatorgo off. If the malfunction indicatorlamp stayson and the low oil pressureindicatorkeepsflashing,stop theengineimmediately. 3. Stoptheengineandwait 2 - 3 minutes. 4. Hold the motorcyclein an upright position.


Engine Oil & Filter 5. Check that the oil level is between the upper ( I ) and lower (2 ) level marks in the inspection window ( 3 ). . If the oil is at or near the upper level mark ( I ) - you do not have to add oil. . If the oil is below or near the lower level mark (2 ) - remove the oil filler cap (4 ) and add the recommendedoil until it reachesthe upper level mark. (Do not overfill.) Reinstall the oil filler cap.

6.Check foroil leaks.

Ckau.$ts, np

&r'#llter;

Refer to Safe\ Precautions on page 68 . Your motorcycle's oil filter has very specific performance requirements.Use a new genuine Honda oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.

Using the wrong oil .f ilter may re.sult in

leuksor prematurcenginedamage.

( c o n t 'd ) Servicing Your Honda

97


Engine Oil & Filter This procedurerequiresmechanicalskill and professionaltools suchas a torque wrenchand oil filter wrench,as well as a meansfor disposingof the drainedfluid (page 166). If you do not havethe skills or the tools,seeyour Hondadealer.

3. Placea drainpan underthe crankcase drai nbol t(1). 4. To drain the oil, removethe oil filler cap,crankcasedrain bolt, and sealing washer(2 ). LEFT SIDE

Drain the EngineOil: l. Park the motorcycleon its side standon a firm, level surface. 2. If theengineis cold, startit and let it idle for 3 - 5 minutes.Tum theengine off. Wait 2-3 minutesfor the oil to settle.

(1) crankcase drainbolt 98

Servicing Your Honda

(2)sealingwasher


Engine Oil & Filter Install a New Oil Filter: 5. Remove the oil filter (3 ) with a filter wrench and let the remaining oil drain out. Discard the oil filter in an approved manner (page 166 ).

RIGHTSIDE

(3)oilfilter

6. Pour the drainedoil into a suitable containerand disposeof it in an approvedmanner(page166).

Improper disposal of drained J'luids is harmf uL to the environment.

(cont'd) Servicing Your Honda

99


Engine Oil & Filter 7. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the rubber seal (4 ) of a new oil filter.

(4) (4) oilfilterrubberseal

10.Checkthe conditionof the sealing washeron the drain bolt. Replacethe washerevery othertime the oil is changed. Install the drain bolt and tightenit to the specifiedtorque: 22l bt' tt (29 N .m,3.0 kgf.m) Add EngineOil: 11.Fill thecrankcase with the recommendedoil (page 93 ), approximately:

3.5USqt (3,30) 8. Install the new oil filter andtightenit by hand. 9. Using an oil filter wrenchattachment and a torquewrench,tightenthe new oil filter to the specifiedtorque: 2 0 l b f.ft (2 6 N .m,2 .7 k g f.m ) 100

ServicingYour Honda

12.Install the oil filler cap.


EngineOil & Filter 13.Startthe engineand let it idle for a few minutes. 14.Stopthe engine.Wait severalminutes. 15.Hold the motorcycleupright and check that the oil level is at the upperlevel mark in the inspectionwindow (page 96 ). I 6. Checkthat thereare no oil leaks. If a torquewrenchis not usedfor installation,seeyour Hondadealeras soon aspossibleto verify properassembly.

ServicingYour Honda

101


Coolant Your motorcycle'sliquid cooling system dissipatesengineheatthroughthe coolant jacket that surroundsthe cylinder and cylinder head.

coolantsolution.Waterthat is high in mineral content or salt mav be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Maintainingthe coolantwill allow the cooling systemto work properly and prevent freezing, overheating,and corrosion.

Usingcoolantwith silicate inhibitorsmny causeprennture wear o;f water pump sealsor blockageof radiator passages. Using tap water nwy causeengine damage. The factory provides a 50/50 solution of

UooProHonda HPooolant oran

inthismotorcycle. antifreeze andwater

equivalenthigh quality ethyleneglycol antifreezecontainingcorrosionprotection inhibitorsspecificallyrecommendedfor usein aluminumengines.Checkthe antifreezecontainerlabel-

This coolant solution is recommendedfor mostoperatingtemperatures andprovides goodconosionprotection.

Use only distilled wateras a part of the lO2

ServicingYourHonda

Decreasingthe concentrationof antifreeze to lessthan 40Vowlll not provide proper conosionprotection.


Coolant Increasingthe concentrationof antifreeze it decreases because is not recommended Higher pedofinance' cooling system (up to 607o) antifreeze of concentrations shouldonly be usedto provideadditional protectionagainstfreezing'Checkthe cooling systemfrequentlyduring freezing weather.

Refer to SaferyPrecauttonsortpage 68. R IGH TS ID E

(1) (2)

(1) UPPERlevelmark (2) LOWERlevelmark (3) reservetank cap

(cont'd)

Servicing Your Honda

103


Coolant 1. With the engineat normaloperating temperature,checkthe coolantlevel in the reservetank.It shouldbe between the UPPER( I ) and LOWER (2 ) level marks. If the reservetank is empty,or if coolantlossis excessive, checkfor leaksand seeyour Hondadealerfor repair. 2. Removethereservetankcap(3). Always addcoolantto the reservetank. Do not attemptto add coolantby

romoYing theradiator cap. 3. Add coolantto the reservetank as requiredto bring the coolantlevel to the UPPERlevel mark.

LO4

Servicing Your Honda

Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 . Coolantshouldbe replacedby your Honda dealer,unlessyou havethe propertools and servicedataand aremechanically qualified.Refer to the official Honda ServiceManual (page220).


Coolant

Removingthe radiatorcapwhile the engineis hotcancausethe coolantto sprayout,seriously scaldingyou.

Improperdisposalof drainedfluids is harmful to the environnxent.

Alwaysletthe engineand radiator cooldownbeforeremovingthe radiatorcap. of drainedcoolant, To properlydispose refer to You & the Environment, page 166 .

ServicingYour Honda

105


Throttle = "-.it'='

fAr$!

Refer to Saf et1'Precautions on page 68 .

lnspectlon Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange. Freeplay:

1116-3116 in (2-4 mm) If necessary, adjustto thespecified range.

R I G HT HANDLEBAR

Adjustment 1. Loosenthe lock nut ( I ). 2. Tum theadjuster(2 ). 3. After adjustment, checkfor smooth rotationof thethrottlegrip from fully closedto fully openin all steering

positions.

(1 ) l o c kn u t

106

(2) adjuster

ServicingYour Honda


Throttle " '''' Thrafitleinspqctien Refer to SaferyPrecttutionson page 68 ' 1 Checkthat the thottle assemblyis positionedproperlyandthe secunng bolts aretight. 2. Checkfor smoothrotationof the throttlefrom fully opento fully closed in all steeringpositions.If therets a problem,seeYourHondadealer'

Servicing Your llonda

107


Clutch System Your motorcycle' s manually-activated, wet,multiplateclutchis partof the primary drive system.Properfreeplay adjustment allowsa smooth,gradual engagementwhen shifting gears.

::::.:= t i ril"' : .::::::::: irr!.\::t?t

Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page LEFT HANDLEBAR

Improperfreeplayadjustmentcan cause orematureclutch wear.

(1)clutchlever

108

Servicing Your Honda

68.


Clutch System Inspection 1. CheckfreePlaY: 3 /8 -1 3 /1 6 i n (1 0 -2 0 m m ) adjustto the specified If necessary, range.

LEFTHANDLEBAR (2)

Upper Adjustment ett.tnpt aajustmentwith the upperclutch cableadjusterfirst. (2) upperlocknut (3) upperclutchcableadjuster (*) increasefreePlaY (-) decreasefreePlaY l. Loosenthe uPPertock nut (2 )' 2. Turn theupperclutchcableadjuster(3 ) to obtainthe sPecifiedfreePlaY' 3. Tightenthe upperlock nut andcheck thefreePlaYagain. Servicing Your Honda

109


Clutch System Lower Adjustment If theupperclutchcableadjusteris threadedout nearits limit - or the correct freeplaycannotbe obtained- attempt adjustment with thelowerclutchcable adiuster. R IGH TSID E

(4) lock nut ( * ) increasef ree play (5) adjustingnut ( ) decreasefree play

110

Servicing Your Honda

1.Removethe right lower fairing (page 85 ). 2. Loosentheupperlock nut (2 ) andturn theupperclutchcableadjuster(3 ) all theway in (to providemaximum freeplay).Tightenthe upperlock nut. 3. Loosenthelower lock nut (4 ). 4. Turn thelower adjustingnut (5 ) to obtainthe specifiedfreeplay. 5. Tightenthe lower lock nut andcheck the adjustment. 6. Installtherightlowerfairing.


Clutch Svstem 7. Startthe engine,pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make surethe enginedoesnot stall and the motorcycle doesnot creep,Graduallyreleasethe clutchlever andopenthe throttle.Your motorcycleshouldmove smoothlyand accelerategradually. If you cannot get proper adjustment,or the clutch doesnot work properly, the cable or clutch friction discsmay be worn. See your Hondadealeror refer to the official HondaServiceManual (page 220).

. Checkthat the clutch lever assemblyis positionedproperlyand the securing bolts aretight. o Check the clutch cable for kinks or haveit signsof wear.If necessary, replaced. o Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially-available cablelubricant to preventprematurewear and conosion.

ServicingYour Honda

llf


Engine Idle Remember,idle speedadjustmentis not a "cure-all" for otherproblemsin your engine'sfuel-deliverysystem.Adjusting for a fault the idle will not compensate elsewhere.

Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 .

The engine must be at normal operating temperaturefor accurateidle speed adjustment.

(1) throttlestop screw

(+) increase (-) decrease

l. If the engineis cold, startit and warm it up with ten minutesof stoP-and-go riding. Stopthe engine.

ll2

ServicingYour Honda


on its sidestano 2.Placeyour motorcycle surlace' on a firm' level Stantheengrne' l. ittitt into neutral' stop idtespeedwith thethrottle ;.;;*., screw(1 )' Idle sPeed(in neutral): 1 .3 0 0+ 1 0 0 rp m

ServicingYour Honda

113


Plugs

Useonlythe recommended type of spark plugsin therecommended heai.unn.. Usingsparkplugs with an improperheat rangecan causeenginedamage.

774

Servicing your Honda

This.motorcycle usessparkplugsthathave an tnorumcoatedcenterelectrode. B" r.u1.to observethe following when servicing thesparkplugs. . Do norclean rhespaikplugs.lf an electroderscontaminated wirh accumulatedobjectsor dirt, replace the sparkplug with a new one. . a "wire-rypefeelergauge,. to Y,." :llt sparkptug gap if neceslary. ;i.:::* I o preventdamaging theiridium coatrngof the centerelectrode, never u "leaf _typefeelergauge.,, :r" .^ Do not adjust the sparkplug gap.If the gapis out of specification, replice the sparkplug with a new one.


Spark Plugs FRONT

Spark Plug Replacement& lnspection on page 68 Referto SaJetyPrecautions L Removethelower fairing (page85 ) andinnerfairing (page87 ). 2. Disconnectthe radiatorfan connector ( I ). 3. Removethe lowermountnut (2 ) and lowermountbolt (3 ). 4. Removethe uppermountbolt (4 ). (2)

(3)

(1) radiatorfan connector (2) lowermountnut (3) lowermountbolt (4) uppermountbolt (cont'd) ServicingYour Honda 115


Spark Plugs 5. Move the radiator(5 ) out of the way andremovethe grofirnet (6 ) from the hook ( 7 ). 6. Pull the radiatortowardthe front.

7. Disconnectthe ignition coil connectors (8). 8. Disconnectthe ignition coils ( 9 ) from the sparkplugs.

FRONT

FRONT

(5) radiator (6 )g ro mme t 116

(7) hook hoc

ServicingYour Honda

(8) ignitioncoilconnector (9) ignitioncoil


Spark Plugs 9. Cleanany dirt from aroundthe spark plug bases. 10.Using the sparkplug wrench( l0 ) providedin the tool kit, removethe sparkplugs. FRONT

(10)sparkPlugwrench

I l. Inspectthe electrodesand center corrosion,or porcelainfor deposits. or corroston the carbonfouling' If plug' the replace heavy, are deposits 12. Make surethat a 1.0mm wire-type feeler gaugecannotbe insertedbetween the sparkplug gap ( 1I ). If the gauge fits in the gap,replacethe plug with a new one.

(11) sparkPluggaP (cont'd) Servicing Your Honda

lL7


Spark Plugs 13.With the plug washersattached,thread the sparkplugs in by handto prevent cross-threading. 14.Tighteneachsparkplug: . ll8-l/4 turn afterit seats(if theold plug is good) o l/2tum afterit seats(if installinga new plug)

Improperlytightenedsparkplugs can damagethe engine.IJ'a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged.If a plug is too tight, the threadsmay be damaged. 15.Reinstallthe ignitioncoils.

118

Servicing Your Honda

16.Connectthe ignitioncoil connectors to the ignition coils asbeforeremoval. 17.Installtheremainingpartsin thereverse orderof removal.


Suspension Your front and rear suspensionsystems usesprings,hydraulicdampingdevices, and linkages (rear only) that suspendyour weight and mostof the weight of your motorcycle.

Consideradjustingyour suspension wheneveryou changeyour normalload, by adding or subfiacting a passenger, cargo, or accessories,or when the road or riding conditionschange.

The spring pre-loadsfor your front and rear suspensionsystemsadjustthe amount of force required to begin compressionof the spring.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the can typeof ride you wantto experience needs. alsoinfluenceyour suspension

The oil dampersystemshydraulically control the natural compressionand reboundof the suspensionspringsso that tractionandcomfort aremaintainedas the wheelsride over road surfaces.

You may adjustthe springpreJoadand the reboundand compressiondamping of

bothsuspension systems.

Servicing Your Honda

ll9


Suspension Lower spring pre-load and softer damping provide a softer ride and are usually prefened for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load and firmer damping provide a firmer ride and are recommendedfor heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

Front SuspensionAdjustment The front suspension canbe adjustedfor rider(andpassenger) weightandriding conditionsby changingthe springpre-load andreboundandcompression damping.

l2O

ServicingYour Honda


Suspension Adjust the spring pre-load by tuming the pre-loadadjuster( I ) with the l0 X 14 mm wrench provided in the tool kit. Refer to Safety Precautions on page 68 .

Make surethat both fork legs are adjusted to the sameposition.

FRONT (1)

stanrlard nncitin

To ReduceSpring Pre-load (SOFT): For a light load and smoothroad conditions,turn the adjuster counterclockwisetoward SOFT. To Increase Spring Pre-load (HARD): For a firmer ride and rough road conditions,turn the adjusterclockwise towardHARD.

(1)pre-load adjuster ServicingYour Honda

l2l


Suspension

Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68 . ReboundDamping FRONT (1

(1)damping (3)reference adjuster mark (2) punch mark position: To adjustto the standard l. Turn the rebounddampingadjuster( I ) clockwiseuntil it will no longerturn (lightly seats).This is the full hard setting. 122

Senicing Your Honda

2. Turn the adjustercounterclockwise approximately I 3/4 tums so that the punch mark (2 ) on the adjusteraligns with the referencemark (3 ). This is the standardposition. 3. Make surethat both fork legs are adjustedto the sameposition. To ReduceReboundDamping(SOFT): For a light load and smoothroad conditions,turn the adjuster counterclockwisetowardSOFI (S). To Increase ReboundDamping (HARD): For a firmer ride and rough road conditions,turn the adjusterclockwise towardHARD (H).


Suspension 2. Tum the adjustercounterclockwise approximately I 1/4 tums so that the punchmark (2 ) on the adjusteraligns with the referencepunchmark (3 ). This is the standardposition. 3. Make surethat both fork legsare adjustedto the sameposition.

CompressionDamping R IG H TSID E

(1) dampingadjuster

(1)

To ReduceCompressionDamping (SOFT): For a light load and smoothroad conditions,tum the adjuster

(2)punch marlt

counterclockwise toward SOFT.

(3) referencepunchmark

To IncreaseCompressionDamping (HARD): For a firmer ride androughroad conditions,turn the adjusterclockwise towardHARD.

To adjustto the standardposition: l. Turn thedampingadjuster( I ) clockwiseuntil it will no longerturn (lightly seats).This is thefull hard settins.

Servicing Your Honda

123


Suspension Rear SuspetsionAdjuffient canbe adjustedfor The rearsuspension weightandriding rider(andpassenger) conditionsby changingthespringpre-load andreboundandcompressiondamping. The rearshockabsorberincludesa damper nitrogen highpressure unit thatcontains gas.Do not attemptto disassemble, service,or disposeof thedamper;seeyour found in Hondadealer.The instructions this owner'smanualarelimitedto adjustments of the shockassemblyonly.

124

ServicingYour Honda


Suspension The spring preJoad adjuster( I ) has 7 positions for different load or riding conditions. Refer to Safety Precautions on page 68 . LEFTSIDE

Usethe pin spanner(2) andextensionbar (3 ) to adjustthe rear shockspringpreload. PositionsI and2: for a light load and smoothroad conditions. Position3: standardposition. Positions4 to 7: for when the motorcycle is moreheavily loaded.(Also increase springpre-loadfor stiffer rear suspension.) Always adjustthe shockabsorberposition in sequence(l-2-3-4-5-6-7 or 7'6-5-4-3-2l). Attemptingto adjustdirectly from I to 7 or 7 to I may damagethe shockabsorber.

(1)springadjuster (3)extensionbar (2)pinspanner Servicing Your Honda

125


Suspension

Referto SaferyPrecautionsonpage 68. ReboundDamping

(1)dampingadjuster (2)punchmark (3)referencepunchmark

126 ServicingYourHonda

To adjustto the standardposition: 1. Turn the dampingadjuster( 1) clockwiseuntil it will no longerturn (lightly seats).This is the full hard setting. 2. Turn the adjustercounterclockwise approximatelyI l/2tums so that the punchmark (2 ) on the adjusteraligns with the referencepunchmark (3 ). This is the standardposition. To ReduceReboundDampin7(SOFT): For a light load and smoothroad conditions,turn the adjuster counterclockwisetowardSOFI (S). To IncreaseReboundDamping (HARD): For a firmer ride and rough road conditions,turn the adjusterclockwise towardHARD (H).


Suspension CompressionDamping

(3)..

[-

@ll I'ql x_-

e;

(1)damping adjuster

2. Turn the adjustercounterclockwise approximately I l/2 turns so that the punchmark (2 ) on the adjusteraligns with the referencepunchmark (3 ). This is the standardposition. To ReduceCompressionDamping (SOFT): For a light load and smoothroad conditions,turn the adjuster counterclockwisetoward SOFT. To Increase CompressionDamping

(2)punch mark

(rrARD):

(3)referencepunchmark

For a firmer ride and rough road conditions,turn the adjusterclockwise towardHARD.

To adjust to the standardposition: l. Turn the damping adjuster ( I ) clockwise until it will no longer turn (lightly seats).This is the full hard setting.

ServicingYour Honda

127


Brakes The hydraulic braking systemson your motorcycle dissipatethe heat generatedby the friction of the brake padson the brake discsas the wheelsareslowed.

air in the brake system.Seeyour Honda dealerto have the air bled from the system.

As the brake padswear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the systemwill alsocausethe level to drop.

Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68 . The distancebetweenthe tip of the brake lever and the grip may be adjusted.

Frequentlyinspect the systemto ensure there are no fluid leaks.Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake padsfor wear. If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay doesnot feel within the normalrange while riding, checkthe brakepadsfor wear (page 132 ). Wom padsshouldbe replaced.If the padsarenot wom beyond the recommendedlimit, there is probably 128

Servicing Your Honda

(3) (1) adjuster (2) arrow

(3) brake lever (4) index mark


Brakes 1. Turn the adjuster( I ). 2. Align the arrow (2 ) on the brake lever (3 ) with the index mark (4) on the adjuster. 3. Apply the brake, releaseit, then spin the wheel and check that it rotatesfreely. Repeatthis procedureseveraltimes.

brake fluid

HondaDOT4 Brake Fluid

The recommendedbrake fluid is Honda DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equalquality and performance.Use fresh brake fluid from a sealedcontainer.Be sureto read the label before openingthe sealedcontainer.An openedcontainer

maybecontaminatod ormayhaYg absorbedmoisture from the air.

ServicingYourHonda

129


Brakes

Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68 . If your inspectionindicatesa low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the recommendedbrakefluid.

Wipe up spills immediately.Avoid contact with skin or eyes.In caseof contact, wash thoroughly and call a doctor immediately if it contactsyour eyes. RIGHTFRONT

Do not add or replacebrake fluid, except in an emergency,If you do add fluid, have your Honda dealercheck the systemas

sooniNpossible. Brakef luid can damageplastic and paintedsurfaces.Handle with care.

130

Servicing Your Honda

(1)LOW E Rl evel mark


Brakes R IGH TSID E

Worn padsshouldbe replaced.If the padsare not worn beyond the recommendedlimit, haveyour brake systeminspectedfor leaks. OtherInspections . Make surethere are no fluid leaks. o Checkfor deteriorationor cracksin the hosesand fittings.

(1) LOWERlevelmark (2) UPPERlevelmark l. Placeyour motorcyclein an upright positionon a firm, level surface. 2. Checkthe fluid level. It shouldbe betweenthe UPPER(2) andLOWER ( I ) level marks.If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brakepadsfor wear(page 132). ServicingYour Honda

131


Brakes Front Brake

LEFTFRONT(Rightsidesimihr) Refer to SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68.

(1)

Brake pad wear dependsupon the severity of usage,the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the padswill wear faster on wet and dirty roads.Inspect the padsat eachregular maintenanceinterval (page76). Always inspectboth padsin both the right and left brake calipers. (1) wear indicatorgrooves Checkthe grooves( 1) in eachpad.If either pad is wom to the bottom of the grooves,replaceboth padsas a set. See vour Hondadealerfor this service, 132

Servicing Your Honda


Brakes RearBrake RIGHTREAR

Checkthe cutouts(2 ) in eachpad.If eitherpad is worn to the cutout,replace both padsas a set.Seeyour Hondadealer for this service.

(2)cutouts

ServicingYour Honda

133


Tires To safelyoperateyour motorcycle,your tires mustbe the propertype and size,in goodconditionwith adequate tread,and correctlyinflated for the load you are catrying.

for wearand damage,and our recommendations for tire repairand replacement.

Air Pressure Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 .

Usingtiresthatare excessively wornor improperly inflated can causea crashin whichvou can be seriously hurtor killed. Followall instructions in this owner'smanualregarding tire inllationand maintenance. The followingpagesgive detailed informationon how andwhento check your air pressure, how to inspectyour tires 134

ServicingYour Honda

Properlyinflated tires providethe best combinationof handling,treadlife, and ridingcomfort.Generally,underinflated tireswearunevenly,adverselyaffect handling,andaremorelikely to fail from beingoverheated. Overinflatedtiresmake your motorcycleride moreharshly,are moreproneto damagefrom road hazards, andwearunevenly.


Tires We recommendthat you visually check your tires beforeeveryride and usean air pressuregaugeto measurethe air pressure at leastoncea monthor any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that arein good conditionmay loseone to two psi per month if not checkedand adjustedregularly. Tubelesstires havesomedegreeof selfsealingability if they arepunctured. However,becauseleakageis often very slow,you shouldlook closelyfor punctureswhenevera tire is not fully inflated.

- evenif your motorcyclehas only beenriddenfor a few miles- the readingswill be higher.If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated. The recommended"cold" tire pressures are: fronl 36 psi (250kP a, 2.50 kgflcm2l

rear

42 psi (290kPa, 2.90kgf/cm2)

Always checkair pressurewhen your tires are "cold" - after the motorcyclehas beenparkedfor at leastthreehours.If you checkair pressurewhen vour tires are ServicingYour Honda

135


Tires

Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68. Wheneveryou checkthe tire pressures, you shouldalsolook for: o Bumps or bulgesin the side of the tire or the tread.Replaceany tire that has a bump orbulge. . Cuts, slits, or cracksin the tires. Replacethe tire if you can seefabric or cord. o Nails or other foreign objectsembedded in the sideof the tire or tread. o Excessivetreadwear.

136

Servicing Your Honda

Also, if you hit a potholeor hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soonas you safelycan and carefully inspect the tires for damage. Tread Wear

lwt>-

Y,IEI \ffu"|

(1)wearindicator (2)wearindicatorlocationmark


Tires For the best performance,you should replacea tire before the tread depth at the

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

A temporary repair can sometimesbe made in an emergencysituation. However, since a tempL.raryrepair may not hold, you mustride very slowly, preferablyr;'ithoutany cargoor passenger, and have the tire replacedor permanently repairedas soonaspossible. (For more information on temporary repairs, seeIf You Have a Flat Tire, page 174 .)

Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68. We stronglyrecommendthat you replace, not repair, any tire that is puncturedor damaged.As discussedbelow, a tire that is repaired,either temporarily or permanently,will havelower speedand performancelimits thana new or undamagedtire. Servicing Your Honda

137


Tires A permanentrepair, such as an intemal plug patch,can be madeif a tire hasonly a small puncturein the tread area.With such a repair,you shouldnot exceed50 mph (80 kr/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph (130 km/h) at any time thereafter.In addition,you may not be ableto safely carry as much weight. If you chooseto have a tire repaired,be surethe repair work is performedby a professionaland that the wheel is balancedbefore you ride. If you have a tire profEssiOnallyrapairod at a non-Hondafacility,we recommend that you havethe work checkedby your Hondadealer.

138

ServicingYourHonda

Referto SaferyPrecautionson page 68 . The tires that cameon your motorcycle weredesignedto matchthe performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the bestcombination of handling, braking,durability,and comfort.


Tires You shouldreplacethe tires with tires of the samesize,load range,and speedrating asthe orisinals.

Installing impropertireson your motorcycle can affecthandling and stability.Thiscancausea crashin whichyou canbe seriouslyhurtor killed.

Always usethesizeandtypeof tiresrecommended in thisowner's manual.

The recommended tires for vour

motorcvcleare: 120t70zR17MlC(58W) front B R ID GE S TON E BTOlOFRADIALF D U N LOPD 2O1FV MIC H E LINP i Iot SPORTE 180/55ZRITM|C(73W1 real

BRIDGESTONE BTO1OR RADIALF DUNLOP D2O7P MICHELIN Pilot E SPORT

Servicing Your Honda

139


Tires Wheneveryou replacea tire, remember: o Havethe wheelbalancedafter the tire is installed. o Have the tire replacedby your Honda dealerif possible.

If you havea tire professionallyreplaced at a non-Hondafacility, we recommend that you havethe work checkedby your Hondadealer. Important Safety Reminders . Do not install a tube insidea tubeless tire on this motorcycle.Excessiveheat build-up can causethe tubeto burst. . Use only tubelesstires on this motorcycle.The rims aredesignedfor tubelesstires,and during hard accelerationor braking, a tube-typetire could slip on the rim and causethe tire to rapidly deflate. o Do not install a bias-plytire on this motorcycle.Mixing bias-plyandradial tires can adverselyaffect handlingand stability.

140

Servicing Your Honda


Side Stand Refer to Safety Precautions onpage 68 .

t \=/

l/ I \

{---

":=t--

(1) side standspring o Checkthat the side standassemblyis working properly.If the side standis stiff or squeaky,cleanthe pivot area andlubricatethepivot bolt with clean grease.

o Check the spring for damageor loss of tension. r Checkthe sidestandignition cut-off sysrcm: 1. Sit astridethe motorcycleandput the transmissionin neutral. 2. Raisethe sidestand. 3. Startthe engine. 4. Pull the clutch leverin. 5. Shift thetransmission into gear. 6. Lower the sidestandall the way. The engineshouldstopas you lower the sidestand.If the enginedoesn'tstop, seeyour Hondadealerfor service.

ServicingYour Honda

141


Drive Chain An endless(rivetedmasterlink) chain connectsthe countershaftandrear wheel sprockets.The O-ring chainusesrubber rings betweenthe sideplatesof the pin androller links to sealin the manufacturer-installed lubricatinggrease and keepout moistureanddirt. The servicelife of the chaindependson properlubricationand adjustment.Poor maintenancecan causeprematurewear or damageto the drive chain or sprockets. The drive chain shouldbe checked, adjusted,and lubricatedas part of the preride inspection(page4l ).

142

Servicing Your Honda

Undersevereusage,or when the motorcycleis riddenin unusuallydustyor muddyareas,more frequentmaintenance will be necessary. Before servicingyour drive chain,tum the engineOFF, lower the sidestand,and checkthat your transmissionis in neutral. It is not necessaryto removeor replacethe drive chain to perform the recommended servicein the MaintenanceSchedule.


Drive Chain LEFTSIDE Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68. l. Checkslackin the lower drive chain ( I ) run midway betweenthe sprockets. Drive chain slack should allow the following verticalmovementby hand: 1 -1 3 1 8i n (2 5 -3 5 m m ) 2. Check drive chain slack at several points along the chain. The slack should remainconstant.If it isn't. somelinks may be kinked and binding. Lubricating the chainwill often eliminatebinding and kinking. 3. Inspectthe drive chainfor: o damagedrollers . dry or rusted links o kinked or binding links

(1) drivechain

o excessivewear o improper adjustment o damagedor missingO-rings

ServicingYourHonda

143


Drive Chain Replacethe drive chain (page148) if it hasdamagedrollers,loosepins.or kinks that cannotbe freed.Lubricatethe drive chain (page 147) if it appearsdry or showssignsof rust.Lubricateany kinked or binding links and work them free. Adjust chain slackif needed. 4. Inspectthe front andrear sprocketteeth for excessivewearor damage.If necessary, haveyour Hondadealer replacea worn sprocket.

damaged sprocket teeth

worn

REPLACE

REPLACE

sprocket teeth

normalsprocket teeth GOOD Use of a new chain with worn sprockets will cause rapid chain wear.

144

ServicingYour Honda


Drive Chain Wear Inspection LEFTSIDE

The bottom part of the frame maYbe damagedby excessivedrive chain slackof more than: 1 15/16i n (50 mm)

Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68.

(2\ (3)indexline (2)redzone Checkthechainwearlabelwhenadjusting thechain.If theredzone(2 ) on thelabel alignswith the index lines (3 ) on both side of the swingarm after the chain has beenadjustedto the proper slack, the wom andmustbe chainis excessively replaced.The properslackis: 1 -1 3 1 8i n (2 5 -3 5 m m )

Drive chain slack should be checkedand adjusted,if necessary,every 500 miles (800 km). When operatedat sustained

of orunderconditions highspeeds frequent rapid acceleration,the chain may requiremore frequentadjustments.

ServicingYourHonda

145


Drive Chain R IG H TS ID E

/)

(2) (1)axlenut

(3) indexmark

(2)drive chain

(4)index line

adjustingbolt l. Placethe motorcycleon its sidestand with the transmissionin neutraland the ignitionswitchOFF. 2. Loosenthe axle nut ( I ). 146

ServicingYour Honda

3. Turn both adjustingbolts (2) an equal numberof turnsuntil the conect drive chain slackis obtained.Tum the adjustingbolts counterclockwiseto tightenthe chain,or clockwiseto providemoreslack.Adjustthechain slackat a point midway betweenthe drive sprocketand the rear wheel sprocket. Roll the motorcycleforward. Stopand placeit on its sidestand.Recheckchain slack.Chain slackshouldallow the

following vertical movement byhand: 1- 1 3/8in (25-35 mm)


Drive Chain 4. Checkrear axle alignmentby making surethe chainadjusterindex marks(3 ) align with the index lines (4 ) on both sidesof the swingarm. Both marksshouldcorrespond.If the axle is misaligned,turn the right or left adjustingbolt until the marksare alignedandrecheckchain slack. 5. Torquethe rear axle nut to: 6 9 l b f.ft (9 3 N .m,9 .5 k g f.m) If a torquewrenchis not usedfor this installation,seeyour Hondadealeras soonaspossibleto verify proper assembly.Improperassemblymay lead to a lossof brakingcapacity.

6. Tighten the adjusting bolts lightly. 7. Recheck drive chain slack (page 143 ).

n***: F ; f l, Refer to Safety Precautions on page 68 .

Lubricateevery500 miles (800km) or soonerif chain appearsdry. Lubricant: S A E 80 or 90 gear oi l

ServicingYour Honda

147


Drive Chain Lubricate only with SAE 80 or 90 gear oil. Commercial chain lubricants may contain solventswhich could damagethe rubber O-rings.

Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68. Your motorcyclehasan endless(riveted masterlink) type chain.It shouldonly be removedor replacedby yow Hondadealer, The O-rings can be damagedby steam cleaning,high pressurewashers,and certainsolvents.

148

ServicingYour Honda

l. Clean the side surfacesof the chain with a dry cloth. Use a high flashpoint solventsuchaskerosene- not gasoline. Do not brush the rubber O-rings. Brushing will damagethem. Use of a solventmay alsodamagethe O-rings. 2. Inspectthe drive chain forpossible wear or damage. Replacethe drive chain if it has damaged rollers, loose fitting links, damaged O-rings,or otherwiseappears un$erYigeablg, ReplacementChain:

D.t.D.52sHV or RK525ROZ1


Battery Your motorcyclehasa maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the batteryelectrolytelevel or add distilled wateras you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a mnintenance-free type and can be permanently damagedif the cap strip is removed, Electricalaccessories usecurrentfrom the battery- evenwhen the ignition is OFF. Limited operationalso allows the battery to discharge.If you haveelectrical accessories on your motorcycle- or do not ride frequently,we recommendthat you chargethe batteryfrequently(see Battery Charging,page 153 ).

If you do not expectto ride your motorcyclefor at leasttwo weeks,we recommendyou remove the battery - or at leastdisconnectthe battervcables (negativecablefirst). If you plan to storeyour motorcycle, see BatteryStorage,page 150 . If your battery seemsweak and/or is leakingelectrolyte(causingslow starting or otherelectricalproblems),seeyour Hondadealer. WARNING: Battery posts,terminals and relatedaccessories containleadandlead compounds.Wash hands after handling.

Servicing Your Honda

149


Battery

ffi Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 . If you plan to storeyour motorcycle,we recommendyou removethe batteryand storeit whereit can be chargedat least every 30 daysto maintainits servicelife. If you do not removethe battery,we recommenddisconnectingthe battery cables(negativecablefirst).

Before you removethe battery,be sureto readall the informationthat follows, as well as the informationon the batterv label.

The batterygivesoff explosive hydrogengasduringnormal operation. A sparkor flamecancausethe

battery toexplode withenough forceto killor seriouslyhurtyou.

You will get the beststorageresultsfrom removingthe batteryand slow (trickle) chargingit every 30 days(seeBattery Charging,page 153).

150

Servicing Your Honda

Wearprotective clothinganda faceshield,or havea skilled mechanicdo the battery maintenance.


Battery The batteryis locatedin the batterybox below the seat. 1. Removethe seat(Page84 ). 2. Pull the clips ( I ) andopenthe battery cover( 2 ).

UNDERSEAT

(1)clips (2)batterycover (cont'd) Servicing Your Honda

151


Batterv 3. Disconnectthe negative(-) terminal lead (3 ) from rhe batteryfirst, then disconnectthe positive(+) terminal lead(4 ).

(3) negative(-) terminallead (4) positive(-|) terminattead (5)battery 4. Pull the battery(5 ) out of the battery box. 152

Servicingyour Honda

5. Chargethe battery(seefollowing section),unlessyou havebeenriding regularly. 6. Storeyour batteryin an easy-to-reach locationoff the floor, in an area protectedfrom freezingtemperatures anddirect sunlight. 7. Cleanthe batterybox after removing the battery for storage.Dry the battery box and,if paint is missing,re-paintthe area. 8. Slow chargethe batrery(seefollowing section)onceeyery30 days.


BatterY

Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68 '

We recommendusing a "trickle" charger ( 1) for homecharging'Theseunits can be Gft connectedfor long periodswithout risking damageto the battery'However' do not intentionallyleavethe charger connectedlongerthanthe time period in thecharger'sinstructions' recommended Avoid using an automotive{ypebattery charger.An automotivechargercan overheata motorcyclebatteryandcause permanentdamage.

charger (1)"trickle" Be sureto readthe informationthat came with your batterychargerand follow the instructionson the battery'Improper chargingmaYdamagethe battery'

ServicingYour Honda

153


Appearance Care Frequentcleaningandpolishingwill keep your Hondalooking newerlonger. Frequentcleaning also identifies you as an ownerwho valuesyour motorcycle.A cleanmotorcycleis alsoeasierto inspect and service.

Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68 . o To cleanyour motorcycle,you may use: - water -a mild, neutraldetergentandwater - a mild sprayand wipe cleaner/ polisher - a mild sprayandrinsecleaner/ degreaserand water

154

ServicingYourllonda

o Avoid productsthat contain harsh detergentsor chemicalsolventsthat could damagethe metal, paint, and plasticon your motorcycle. . If your motorcycleis still warm from recentoperation,give the engineand exhaustsystemtime to cool off. o Parkin a shadyarea.Washingyour motorcyclein bright sunlightmay cause the finish to fade becausewaterdroplets intensify the sun'sbrightness.Spotting is also more likely becausesurface watercan dry beforeyou havetime to wipe it off. . Cleanyour motorcycleregularlyto protectsurfacefinishes.


Appearance Care o We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressurewashers(like thoseat coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcYcle. . Do not direct water at the air intakes ( 1). The water could enter the air cleaner or be drawn into the throttle body.

ewarcr(0rair) candamage Highpr assur certain parts ol your motorcy<'le.

(1) (1)air intake r After cleaning, inspect for damage' wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

ServicingYour Honda

155


Appearance Care

Refer to Safety Precautionson page 68 . L Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool waterto removeloosedirt. 2. Fill a bucketwith cool water.Mix in a mild, neutraldetergent,suchas dish washingliquid or a productmade especiallyfor washingmotorcyclesor automobiles. 3. Washyour motorcyclewith a spongeor a soft towel. As you wash,checkfor heavygrime.If necessary, usea mild cleaner/degreaser to removethe grime. 4. Cleanthe windscreenwith a soft cloth or spongeandplenty of water.Dry with a soft cleancloth.Removeminor 156

ServicingYour Honda

scratcheswith a commercially-available plastic polishing compound. Take care to keep brake fluid or chemical solventsoff the fairing. They will damagethe plastic. 5. Cleanthe headtght,fairing, meterlens and other plastic parts using a cloth or spongedampenedwith a solution of mild detergentand water. When cleaningthe plasticheadlightlens,use more care becauseit will scratcheasier thana glasslens.Rub any soiledarea, gently rinsing it frequently with fresh water. If the insideof the headlightlens appearsclouded immediately after washing,it shouldclearafter a few minutesof riding.


Appearance Care 6. After washing,rinse your motorcycle thoroughlywith plenty of cleanwaterto removeany residue.Detergentresidue cancorrodealloy parts. 7. Dry your motorcycle with a chamoisor a soft towel. Leaving water on the surfaceto air dry can causedulling and water spots.As you dry, inspectfor chips and scratches. 8. Lubricatethe drive chainto prevent rusting. 9. Startthe engineand let it idle for severalminutes.The engineheatwill help dry moist areas. 10. As a precaution,ride your motorcycle at a slow speedand apply the brakes severaltimes. This will help dry the brakesand restorenormal braking performance.

Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68. Avoid using spraycleanerproductson the tires or suspensioncomponents. Suggestionsfor usingspraycleaner(s) follow:

ServicingYourllonda

157


fo.nr.va..@ pg!n! pll9lne, gtass,

and ctearotastic Dprayanydifficult_to_reach or vef Oir

yitl I spray cteaner/desreaser. 3i:i: Rinseand dry. Heavy@nre.oitteats

lltY:'.Orqy

cteaner/potish and wipewirh

Useaspray@ lf necessary, rubwitha sponge. Rinseand

dry.

andwipewirh llq,I l:Orqycteaner/potish a highqualitycfrromelatumin[rpandwipewitha non_abrasive cloth.

f58

Servicingyour Honda


Appearance Care

Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68. Aluminum may corrodefrom contactwith dirt. mud. or road salt.Cleanthe wheels after riding throughany of these substances. Use a wet spongeand mild detergent.Avoid stiff brushes,steelwool, or cleanerscontainingabrasives or chemicalcompounds. After washing,rinsewith plenty of water and dry with a cleancloth. If the paint is chipped,apply touch-up paint.

ServicingYour Honda

159


Referto SafetyPrecautionsonpage 68 . After washingyour motorcycle,consider usinga commercially-available spray cleaner/polishor quality liquid or paste wax to finish thejob. Use only a nonabrasivepolish or wax madespecifically for motorcyclesor automobiles.Apply the polish or wax accordingto the instructions on the container. If a surfaceon your motorcycleis chipped or scratched,your Honda dealerhas touchup paint to matchyour motorcycle'scolor. Be sureto useyour motorcycle'scolor code (page 200 ) when you buy touch-up paint. 160

Servicing Your Honda

If the frame has a chip that exposesthe metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Severalthin layersof touch-uppaint are better than one thick coat.


Here's a few helpful tips on how to store andtransportyour Honda,andhow to be an environmentallYresPonsible motorcycleowner.

""" 162 StoringYour Honda 165 ....."""' Motorcycle Your Transporting .....'........... " " " I 66 You & theEnvironment

Tips 161


Storing Your Honda If you won't be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, neededrepairswon't be forgotten and it will be easierto get your motorcycle runningagain. For more information about storage,refer to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage Guide, availablefrom your Honda dealer (USA only). We suggestyou perform the following proceduresto keepyour motorcyclein top condition.Thesestorageprocedureswill reducethe deteriorationthat can occur during storage.

162 Tips

Refer to Safety Precautions an page 68 . This procedurerequiresa meansfor draining and disposingof drainedfuel (page166). 1. Changethe engineoil and filter (page

e7 ). 2. Makesurethecoolingsystemis filled with a 50l50voantrfreeze solution(page 102). 3. Fill thefuel tank.Makesurethefuel fill capis properlyinstalled.


Your Honda in thecylinders' 4. To preventrusting thefollowrng: p"Jot t ignitioncoil connectors - n.rnou" the cioilsfromthe sPark ;;;;;ti;"

r.lu.,ng_, i'r'u if T,'lX'ijffiil:'

*.';;'li'"". ::";lJi!, ;:HTfi theslarkilueriom u*uritot

. Remove the sPark 1 -

the

tt'"mln a safe Place' il ;;;; -to'" the ignition coils to ;;;;;;"*ct the ignition coil connectors' of (15-20 cc) e - Pour a tablesPoon eachcylinder' into oit holeswith a "tti"" plug "t""" spark the andcover Pieceof cloth'

in the o with the engine stop 'switch

-

q:::i[:'SJ$t:ld nu-rr Po'it'Jn: to cranx severaltimes distributethe oil'

ignition Ptugs' . "*il;,;ii,* sPark

uno',s"Ii11 .-oit. ::l ffil"""i$ht,

ano Removethebattery 5. from '' area an Protected iitn si.." direct and i.t"rr"g temperatures thebaffery(page r"ri"tt?. ir"; charge 153)onceamonm' Washanddryyourmotorcycl",Y* 1ll 6. " Applyrust-inhibiting ouini.J,utfaces' oil to tnechromePieces'

Tips 163


Storing Your Honda 7. Lubricate the drive chain (page 147 ). 8. Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures(page 134). 9. Storeyour motorcyclein an unheated area,free of dampness,away from sunlight,with a minimum of daily temperaturevariation. 10.Placeyour motorcycleon blocksto lift both tires off the floor. I l. Coveryour motorcyclewith a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing,coatedmaterialsthat restrict air flow and allow heat and moisfure to accumulate.

164 Tips

Referto SafetyPrecautionson page 68. 1. Uncoverandcleanyour motorcycle. 2. If your motorcycle hasbeen storedfor morethan four months- changethe engineoil (paee 97 ). 3. If your motorcyclehasbeenstoredfor more than two months- ask your Honda dealer to drain and replacethe fuel. 4. Chargethe battery(page 153) as required. Install the battery. 5. Lubricate the drive chun (page 147 ). 6. Performa pre-rideinspection(page41 ), thentest-rideyour motorcycleat low speeds.


lf your motorcycleneedsto be transported' ii ttto"fa be carriedon a motorcycletrailer' For o. u t o.k or trailer with a flatbed area' emergency 24-hour informationabout seepage22'7(USA only)' Do assistance, not tow your motorcycle.astowingcan seriouslydamagethe transmission' Whencontactinga towingor transporting service,be sureto askif theYhavea flatbed area,a loadingramp or power ramp to safelylift the motorcycle,and motorcycletie-downstraps'

Tips 165


You & the Environment Owning and riding a motorcyclecanbe enjoyable,but you mustdo your part to protectnature. Following aretips on how you can be an environmentally-responsible motorcycle owner. r ChooseSensibleCleaners.Use a biodegradabledetergentwhen you wash your motorcycle.Avoid aerosolspray cleanersthat contain chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs)which protective damagethe atmosphere's ozonelayer.Don't throw cleaning solventsaway;seethefollowing guidelinesfor properdisposal.

f66

Tips

o RecycleWastes.It's illegal and thoughtlessto put usedengineoil in the trash,down a drain,or on the ground. Usedoil, gasoline,coolant,and cleaningsolventscontainpoisonsthat can hurt refuseworkersand contaminateour drinking water,lakes, rivers,and oceans.Before changing your oil, makesureyou havethe proper containers.Put oil andothertoxic wastesin separatesealedcontainersand takethem to a recyclingcenter.Call your local or stateoffice of public worksor environmentalservicesto find a recyclingcenterin your area,and to get instructionson how to disposeof non-recyclable wastes.


This sectiondiscusses the morecommon problemsthatcanoccurwith your motorcyclewhile you'reriding.It tells you how to evaluateeachproblemand what actionsyou can taketo try to resume riding. If the problemcannotbe safely solved,thissectionalsogivesinstructions on the properway to haveyour motorcycletransported. For informationabouttransportingyour motorcycle. seepage 165.

General Gui del i nes............................,.. 168 If Your EngineQuits or W on' tS tart .................... 169 If Y ou H avea Fl atTi re..... ................... 174 If YourEngineOverheats.................... | 86 If the Low Oil PressureIndicator Fl ashes ........................... 188 If a FuseB l ow s..................................... 189 If Y ouC rash. ................. 193 If Y ou LoseY ourK ey ......................... 194 If YourBatteryis Low (or Dead)........195

Taking Care of the Unexpected

167


*::

",'

i!ffi

your mororcyclewell-mainrained 5.:pi:g ts rne bestway to reducethe possibiliry of having a problem on the road. However, since problems can arise even with well_ maintainedmachines,you may consider suDscflblngto an emergencyroadside servrceplan. (USA only: For information abourthe Honda Rider.sClub of America,

seepage227 .)

Rememberto takealongyour owner,s manual,thetool kit fhatcamewith your motorcycle,andany otheritems(such as trrerepalrsuppliesandadditionaltools) thatmighthelpyou solvea problem on your own.

f68

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Shouldyou everhavea problemwhile riding.pleasefollowrheseguidelines: . Always put personal safetyfirst. o Taketimelo assess thesiruation and your optionsbeforedecidingwhat to do. o If the problemis relatively minor and you havethetools,supplies,andskills to makea temporaryrepair,be sure to havepermanentrepairsmadeas soon as possible. o Do not continueriding if you arehurt or your motorcycleis not in saferidins condition. Additional recommendations for specific problemsfollow.


If Your Engine Quits or Won't Start Properoperationand maintenancecan prevent starting and engineperformance problems.In many cases,the causeof the problem may be a simple operational oversight. If you havea problemstartingthe engine- or experience poorengine performance- the following information may help you. If you can't correctthe problem,seeyour Hondadealer.

If your motorcyclewon't start,Iistenas you pressthe startbutton.If you don't hearthe startermotor tuming, refer to the Startermotor doesn'toperatesymptom.If you canhearthe startermotor working normally,refer to theStarter motor works, but the enginewon't stdrl symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

169


If Your EngineQuits or Won't Start SYMPTOM:Starter motor doesn't ooerate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE

WHATTODO

ionitionswitchOFF

Turn the ionitionswitchON.

enqinestopswitchOFF transmission notin neutral

Turntheenqinestopswitchto RUN. Shiftintoneutral. Raisethesidestand.Putthetransmission in neutral,pulltheclutchleverin,or raisetheside stand. Replacewitha newfuseof thesamerating(page 189). Tiqhtenthe battervlead. Chargethebattery(page153). lf charging doesn't help,seevourHondadealer. lf allpossible causesarenegative, thestarter motorqay befaulty.SeeyourHondadealer.

side stand down (when transmissionnot in neutral) blownfuse

battervleadloose deadbattery faultystartermotor

170

Taking Care of the Unexpected


If Your E

Quits or Won't Start

Instaltthe ignitioncoitconnectorsand[niiionioits securely.lf theenginestillwon'tstart, yorr' "-ee

:lirs"!.oatterv@

Taking Care ofthe Unexpected l7l


If Your EngineQuits or Won't Start SYMPTOM: Enqinestarts, but stalls as you shift into qear. POSSIBLE CAUSE WHATTODO side standdown Raisethesidestand.Startaoain. SYMPTOM: Enoinestarts. but runs ooorlv. POSSIBLECAUSE idlesroughly,too fast,stalls overheating

WHATTODO Checkengineidleadjustment(page112). lf the problempersists.see vour Hondadealer. Check the coolant temperaturemeter. Refer to /f Your Enoine Overheats. oaoe 186.

lowoil oressure

Checkthelowoil pressure indicator. Referto /f the Low Oil Pressurelndicator Flashes,page 188.

runs erraticallv.misfires

See vour Hondadealer. See vour Hondadealer

(richfuelmixture) blubbers

172

Taking Care of the Unexpected


If Your Engine Quits or Won't Start SYMPTOM: Enoinestarts.but runs ooorlv.{cont'd) POSSIBLECAUSE WHATTODO sootyexhaust(richfuel See yourHondadealer. mixture) detonates or pingsunder lf applicable, switchto therecommended octane gasoline(page88 ) or changeyourbrandof load gasoline. lf theproblempersists, seeyourHonda dealer. aftefires (backfires)

See vour Hondadealer.

pre-ignition (runson after iqnition switched OFF)

SeeyourHondadealer.

Taking Care ofthe Unexpected

173


If You Have a Flat Tire A flat tire is alwaysunwelcome, especiallyif you arefar from help. If you think you arelosingair, or you hit a potholeor hardobject,pull safely to the sideof the road so you caninspectthe tires and assessthe situation.(Be sureto park on a firm, level surfaceand usethe sidestandfor support.)You should examinethe tire treadsand sidewallsfor foreign objectsor damage.If you find a tire that hasbeenpuncturedor damaged, you havetwo options. Option l: HaveYour MotorcycleTransported If a tire hasa major punctureor a cut in the treador sidewall,or the beadhascome loosefrom the rim, thereis probablynot muchyou cando excepthaveyour motorcycletransportedto a Hondadealer 174

Taking Care of the Unexpected

or otherqualified servicefacility. (USA only: For informationabout24-hour emergencyroadsideassistance, seepage 227 .) Even with a simplepuncture,this may be the safestand leasttroublesome solution.For transportinginstructions,see page 165. Option 2: Make a TemporaryRoadsideRepair If a tire hasonly a minor nail punctureand is not completelyflat, you may be ableto makean emergencyrepair that could allow you to continueriding to whereyou can get the tire replacedor perrnanently repaired.


If You Have a Flat Tire

witha Ridingyourmotorcycle temporarytire repaircan be risky. lf thetemporaryrepairfails,you can crashand be seriouslyinjured or killed. lf you mustridewitha temporary tire repair,rideslowlyand carefullyanddo notexceed30 mph(50km/h)untilthetireis

permanently repaired 0rreplaced.

repaired.Stopfrequentlyand checkthe air it pressure. If the tire is losingpressure. may be unsafeto continueriding. As the tire getslow, it will affect the handlingof your motorcycle(especiallywith a passenger and cargo)and it may overheat andblow out.

repairs Thefollowingtypesof temporary generally requirea sourceof air to inflate includeCOz sources thetire.Possible cartridges or cans of compressed air desisned to inflate a tire.

Due to the uncertaintyof any temporary repair,you shouldride slowly(notover 30 mph,50 km/h) andcarefully (preferablywithouta passenger or cargo) until thetire is replacedor pennanently Taking Care of the Unexpected

175


If You Have a Flat Tire o Inflate the tire: Tubelesstires have someself-sealing ability if they are puncturedand the resultis usuallyjust a slow leak.If this is the case,you can try inflating rhe tire to seeif it will hold air pressure.If you can seea nail or other object embeddedin the tire tread,do not removeit at this time. o Plug the hole: The idea here is to do somethingto temporarilystopthe leak. If you have a tubelesstire repair kit, you canpull out the nail and try

pluginthe inserting anexternel puncture.Follow the instructionsthat camewith the repair kit and be sureto inflate the tire to the correctDressure.

L76

TakingCareof theUnexpected

We strongly recommendthat you replace, not permanentlyrepair, any tire that is puncturedor damaged,even if the tire has only a minor puncture.For a full discussionof repairsand replacement,see page 137.


If You Have a FIat Tire 3. Removethe fixing bolts ( 1) and remove the reflectors and right and left caliperassemblies(2 ) from the fork legs. Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68 . LEFT SIDE We recommendwheel removal be done only by your Hondadealeror another qualified mechanic.Do not attemptto removethe wheel on your own. Wheel removal requiresmechanicalskill and professionaltools. Removal 1l-.eatt you. motorcycle on a firm, level surface. 2. Raisethe front wheeloff the groundby placinga supportblock underthe ensine.

(2)

(1)

(1)fixingbolts (2)brakecaliperassembly (cont'd) Taking Care of the Unexpected

177


If You Have a Flat Tire r To avoid damage to the brake hose during removal, support the caliper assemblyso that it doesn't hang from the hose.Do not twist the brake hose. o Avoid getting grease,oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after reassembly.

4. Removethe axlebolt (3 ), andrhen loosenthe right andleft axle pinch bolts (4 ).

R IGH TFR ON T

(3) axle bolt (4) axle pinchbolts 178

Taking Care of the Unexpected


If You Have a Flat Tire LEFTFRONT

(5)

(4)axlepinchbolts (5)frontaxleshaft 5. Remove the front axle shaft (5 ), wheel

mdside collars. r Avoid depressingthe brake lever when the wheel is off the motorcycle. This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service.See your Honda dealer for this service.

Installation l. Install the sidecollarsin the wheeland positionit betweenthe fork legs.Insert the front axle shaft from the left side, throughthe left fork leg and wheelhub. 2. Temporarilytightenthe axle pinch bolts on the left fork leg until lightly seated. 3. Tightenthe axle bolt to the specified torque: 43l bf.ft (59 N .m,6.0 kgf.m) 4. Tightenthe axle pinch bolts on the right fork leg to the specifiedtorque:

1 0 lb f ' f(2 t 2N' m, 2 , 2k g f ' m)

(cont'd) Taking Care of the Unexpected

179


If You Have a Flat Tire 5. Fit the brakedisc carefully betweenthe brakepadsto avoid damagingthe pads. 6. Install the caliperfixing bolts and tightento the specifiedtorque: 2 2 l b f.ft (3 0 N .m ,3 .1 k g f.m) 7. Operatethe front brake and pump the fork severaltimes. 8. Measurethe clearance(6) betweenthe brakedisc (7 ) andthe caliperbody ( 8 ) on eachsidewith a 0.028in (0.7 mm) feeler gauge( 9 ).

(7) (6) clearance (7) brakedisk

LEFTFRONT

(9) feelergauge 180

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(8)caliperhotder


If You Have a Flat Tire o If the feeler gaugeinsertseasily, remove it and tighten the left axle pinch bolts to the specifiedtorque: l6lbf.ft (22N.m ,2.2kgf .m) . If the feeler gaugecannotbe inserted easily,loosenthe left axle pinch bolt andpull the left fork outwardor push inward to adjustthe clearance.Then tightenthe axle pinch boltsto the specifiedtorque. Failureto provideadequatedisc-to-caliper body clearancemay damagethe brake discsand impair brakingefficiency.

9. After installingthe wheel,apply the brakesseveraltimes. then recheckboth discsfor caliperbody to disc clearance. Do not operatethe motorcyclewithout adequateclearance. If a torquewrenchwasnot usedfor installation,seeyour Hondadealeras soon aspossibleto verify properassembly. Improperassemblymay leadto lossof brakingcapability.

Taking Care ofthe Unexpected 181


If You Have a Flat Tire 3. Loosenthe rear axle nut ( I ). 4. Loosenthe drive chainadjustingbolts (2 ) on both sidesof the swingarm. Refer to SafetyPrecautionson page 68.

RIGHTREAR

We recommendwheelremovalbe done only by your Honda dealeror another qualified mechanic.Do not attemptto removethe wheelon your own. Wheel removalrequiresmechanicalskill and professionaltools. Removal l. Parkyour motorcycleon a firm, level surface. 2. Raisethe rear wheeloff the groundby placinga supportblock underthe engine.

lEz

TakingCarrof the Unexpected

(1)axlenut

(2)adjustingbolt

5. Removethe rearaxle nut.


If You Have q Ft"t Ti* the' the drive chain ( 3 ) from 6. " Remove rear wheel the pushing .* rp.o"t"tby forward.

LEFT

(3) drivechain

hose o To avoid damageto the brake caliPer the suPPort ;;";;;t"vai from i.-"ttiUf" so thatit doesn'thang hose' brake the twist not il ht;1 Do thebrakePedal -. o".io J.o*ssing motorcycle' *tt." ,tt.'*tteel is off the pistonsout caliper iiit *ilf force the will be result The Itri"Otrs' "i,rt. U*ft" fluid' lf this occurs'the i".t "f .nrt.* will requireservice'See n"rut. this servtce' vourHondadealerfor

(4) axle shaft

the rear axle shaft ( 4 )' rear 7. ' Remove the *n""f and sidecollarsfrom swlngarTn.

Taking Care of the UnexPectea

183


If You Have a Flat Tire Installation l. Install the sidecollarsin the wheel and position the wheel and rear brake bracket. o While installingthe wheel,carefully fit the brake disc betweenthe brake padsto avoid damagingthe pads. 2. Make surethat the lug ( 5 ) on the swingarm(6 ) is locatedin the slot (7 ) on the rear brake bracket ( 8 ).

(5) lug (6) swingarm 184

(7) slot (8) rear brake bracket

TakingCareof the Unexpected

3. Insert the rear axle shaft from the left side,throughthe left swingarm,wheel hub and rear brake bracket. Install the drive chainby pushingthe rear wheel forward. 4. Install the rearaxle nut and tightenthe drive chain adjustingbolts. Refer to drive chainadjustment(page 145).


If You Have a Flat Tire 5. Tightenthe rearaxle nut to the specifiedtorque: 6 9 l b f' ft (9 3 N .m ,9 .5 k g f.m) Failureto provideadequatedisc-to-rear brakebracketclearancemay damage the brakediscsandimpair braking efficiency. 6. After installingthe wheel,apply the brakesseveraltimes,thenrecheckboth discsfor caliperholderto disc clearance. Do not operatethe motorcyclewithout adequateclearance. If a torquewrenchwas not usedfor installation,seeyour Hondadealeras soon as possibleto verify properassembly. Improperassemblymay lead to lossof brakingcapability.

Taking Care ofthe Unexpected 185


If Your Engine Overheats Normally, the coolanttemperatureon your temperaturemeterwill rise and then level off. Hot weathermay causethe temperatureto rise higherthannormal.So will temporarystresssuchasclimbing a hill. If you're stuckin stop-and-gotraffic, the temperaturemay climb some,but the radiatorfan is designedto prevent overheating.Be awareof thesevariations asyou monitor the meter. If the coolanttemperatureindicatorbegins to flash, andthe malfunctionindicator lamp goeson for no apparentreason,pull safelyto the sideof the road.If possible, park in a shadyarea.

186

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Continuingto ride with an overheated enginecan causeseriousenginedamage. . A steamingengineindicatesa coolant leak.Shuttheengineoff andwait until the steamingstops.Look for a leak,but don't touchthe engineor radiator system.Let everythingcool off first. o If there'sno obviousproblem,leavethe engineon so the fan andcoolant circulatingsystemcancontinue working. Monitor the temperaturemeter The temperaturemay drop to the normalrangeafter a brief stopwith no loadon theeneine.


If Your Engine Overheats o Checkthe radiatorfan. If the fan is not working, turn the engineoff. Openthe fuse box (page 189) andcheckthe radiatorfan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replaceit with the proper(samerating) sparefuse. Start the engine.If the malfunctionindicator lamp goeson andcoolanttemperature indicatorflashes,tum the engineoff. If the radiatorfan is working, visually checkthe coolantlevel in the reserve tank,locatedbehindthe frame (page to touchthe 103). It isn't necessary radiatorsystem. o If the reservetank is low or empty,don't ride withoutaddingcoolant(page103). After addingcoolant,turn the engineon and checkthe temperaturemeter. If the temperaturedoesn'tdrop, do not ride. The engineneedsrepair.Transport

yotu motorcycleto a Hondadealer (page165). If the temperaturedroPsto normal, checkthe coolantlevel. If it hasgone down, add more coolant. If you are ableto resumeriding, continue to monitor the meterfrequently. If there'sa mild leak,you can ride for awhile,carefully watchingthe meter.Be preparedto stopand add morecoolantor water.If the leak is bad,transportyour motorcycleto a Hondadealer(page 165).

Taking Care of the Unexpected 187


If the Low Oil pressure fndicator Flashes If you checkyour engineoil level regularly,you shouldneverseethe low oil pressureindicatorflash and the malfunctionindicatorlamp go on while riding. Normally, both will only light momentarilywhen you turn the ignition swirchON. Occasionally. it mayilickerar or nearidling speed. Low oil pressuremay be causedby an oil leak,a low oil level.or someprobiemin theengine'slubricationsystem. lf the malfunctionindicatorlamp lights and the low oil pressureindicatoi flashes while you'reriding,don't ignorethem. Pull safelyto the sideof the road.If possible,pull theclutchleverin andcoast to a stop.Stoptheengineas soonasit's safeto do so. 188

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Continuingto ride with low oil pressure can causesenousenginedamage. r Checkfor an oil leak. o Then checkthe oil level. If necessarv. add the recommendedoil (page 93 to ) the upperlevel mark. If you must leave your motorcycleto get oil, secureit as muchaspossible. o After addingoil, startthe engine, and checkthat the low oil pressureindicator and malfunctionindicatorlamp go off. Checkfor a possibleleak. If the indicatorsgo off and thereis no leak- resumeriding. If thereis a leak - do not ride the motorcycleuntil the leak is repairedby a Hondadealer.


If a Fuse Blows All of the electricalcircuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damagecausedby excesscurrent flow (shortcircuit or overload). If somethingelectricalon your motorcycle stopsworking, the first thing you should checkfor is a blownfuse. Determinefrom the charton the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fusescontrol that component.Checkthosefusesfirst, but checkall the fusesbeforelooking elsewherefor anotherpossiblecauseof the problem.Replaceany blown fusesand checkcomponentoperation.

r The main fuse (andspare)is locatedon the startermotor magneticswitch (3 ) underthe seat. r FI fuse is locatedunderthe seat. o The circuit fuse boxes(includingspare fuses) are locatedunder the seat. Recommended Fuses

mainfuse Fl fuse otherfuses

30A 204 10A.20A

l. To preventan accidentalshortcircuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checkingor replacingthe fuses. 2. Removethe seat(page 84 ). (cont'd) Taking Care of the Unexpected 189


If a f,'useBlows UNDERSEAT

Main FuseAccess: 3. To accessthemainfuse( I ), disconnect the wire connector(2 ) of the starter magneticswitch(3 ). 4. Pull the mainfuseout.If it is blown (4 ), install the sparemain fuse (5 ).

MAINFUSE

(1) mainfuse Q) wne connector (3) startermagneticswitch (5) sparemainfuse (6) Fl fuse (7) Fl fuse cover

190

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(4) blownfuse

ffiffififfi UU

5. Reconnect thewire connector.


If a Fuse Blows FI FuseAccess: 6. To accessFI fuse ( 6 ), openthe FI fuse cover( 7 ). 7. Pull FI fuse out. If FI fuse is blown ( 8 ), replaceit with a sparefuse ( 1l ) of the samerating or lower.

Circuit FuseAccess: 9. Openthe fuse box cover ( 9 ). UNDERSEAT

(s)

FI FUSE

(9)fuseboxcover

('l1)spare fuses (8)blownfuse 8. ClosetheFI fusecover.

I 0. To checkor replacea circuit fuse,pull the old fuse out of its retainingclips. Look for a burnedwire insidethe fuse. If the fuse is blown ( l0), replaceit with a sparefuse ( I I ) of the samerating or lower. Taking Care ofthe Unexpected l9t


If a FuseBlows CIFICUIT FUSE

(10)

(10)blownfuse fusebox cover. !los:.tl,e r]]z. rns[3.1] the seat. Oonor.havea replacemenr tusewith

_,j]:, me,proper rating forthecircuit. inuuif with a lower ratins. "".' Rep,lacingafuse wirh one that has a nrtgner rating gleetly increases the chance uJ uamage lo the electrical system. 792

TakingCareof

the Unexpected

havea spare fuseandyou

]lI-10:,""1the cannot_nde motorcycl.*ltt ort i;*in* theproblem,takea fuse d;;;ffe or a lowerratingfrom one "f of theother crrcultsthatyou cando without temporarily. If you replacea blown fuse with a spare ,Tlhas a lower rating, replacethe :,T: rusewith the correctrati

can. Atso *'".b;;;;1;:'ff

fusesthat were installed,

ffJ""

If the replacementfuse of.the samerating a shorttime.thereis probabr-y 1:r^::,ll a senouselectricalproblem your on motorcycle.Leavethe blown fuse in circuitandhaveyour motorcycle that checked by your Hondadealer.


If You Crash Personalsafetyis your first priority after any accident.If you or anyoneelsehas beeninjured,take time to assessthe severityof the injuriesand whetherit is safeto continueriding. Call for emergencyassistance if needed.Also follow applicablelaws andregulationsif anotherpersonor vehicleis involved in the accident. If you decideyou arecapableof riding safely,carefully inspectyour motorcycle for damageand determineif it is safeto ride. Checkthe tightnessof critical nuts and bolts securingsuchpartsas the handlebar,control levers,brakes,and wheels.

If thereis minor damage,or you are unsureaboutpossibledamage,ride slowly and cautiously.Sometimes,crashdamage is hiddenor not immediatelyapparent,so you shouldhaveyour motorcycle thoroughlycheckedat a qualified service facility as soonaspossible.Also, be sure to haveyour Hondadealercheckthe frame and suspensionafter anyserious crash. If your motorcyclecannotbe ridden,see Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 165.

Taking Care of the Unexpected 193


If You Lose Your Kev You shouldreceivea key numberplate ( I ) with your keys.Storethis platein a safeplace. Be sureto recordyour key numberin the Quick Referencesectionat the rear of the manual.You'll needthis numberto havea duplicatekey made.

your motorcycleto themor the nearest Honda dealer.The dealer will probably haveto removethe ignition switch assemblyto find the key numberso they can makea kev for vou.

1)

A lost key won't be a problemif you take preventativeaction.Storeone duplicate key in a safeplaceat homeandcarry a secondduplicatein your wallet, If you loseyour key and aren't carryinga duplicate,eitherget your spareor have onemade.If you don't know your key number,call the dealeryou purchased your Hondafrom. They may haveit listed in their records.If they don't, transport 194

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(1) key numberplate


If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) Jump startingis not recommended, especiallyif you usean automobilebattery. The greateramperageof an automobile batterywhenthecarengineis runningcan damageyour motorcycle's electrical system. Bump startingis alsonot recommended. If you can't chargethe batteryor it appearsunableto hold a charge,contact your Hondadealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

L95


196

Taking Care of the Unexpected


Technical Informatioq This sectioncontainsdimensrons' plus capacities,and othertechnicaldata' requirements government on information and how to break-inyour motorcycle'

VehicleIdentification"""""""" " """"' """""""" Specifications Bieak-inGuidelines""""""""""""""" g-irrion ControlSystems"""""""""' CatalyticConverter """ " """""""""""' (Caliiorniaonly).... b^yg"nur"OFuels""""""" """""""""'

Technicallnformation

198 201 208 209 2 15 216

197


Vehicle ldentification Serial Numbers The frame, VIN, and engine serial numbersare requiredwhen you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacementparts. You may record these numbers in the Quick Referencesection at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicleidentificationnumber) appearson the SafetyCertificationLabel attachedto the left sideof the frame. LE FTS ID E

(1 )v rN

198

Technicallnformation


VehicleIdentification The frame number(2 ) is stampedon the right sideof the steeringhead.

The enginenumber(3 ) is stampedon the top of the crankcase'

R IG H TSID E

LE FTS ID E

(2)framenumber

(3) enginenumber

Technicallnformation

199


Vehicle ldentification Color Label & Code The color label is attachedon the rear fender under the seat.Remove the seat (page 85 ) to check the label. The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

UNDERSEAT (1)

(1) colorlabel 200

TechnicalInformation


Specifications Dimensions overalllenoth overallwidth overallheioht wheelbase oroundclearance

dryweight

8 1 .3in (2,065mm) 2 7 .0i n (685mm) 4 4 .7in (1,135mm) 5 4 .5in (1,385mm) 5 .3 i n (135mm)

3 7 0 l bs (168kg) 3 7 3 l b s (169kg)

C al i fornra

Technicallnformation

201


Specifications Fuel& Lubricants fuelrecommendationunleadedqasoline,Dumpoctanenumber of 86 or hiqher 4 .7 6U S qal (18.00) fueltankcaoacitu engineoil capacity

engineoil recommendation

after disassembly: 3.9 US qt (3.70) after draining: 3.2 US qt (3.00) afterdrainino& oil filterchanoe:3.5US qt (3.30) API ServiceClassificationSG or higher exceptoils labeledas energyconservingon the circularAPI service label,SAE 10W-40,JASO T903 standardMA, Pro HondaGN4 or HP4(without molybdenumadditives) 4-strokeoil (USA & Canada)or Honda4-strokeoil (C a n a daonl v),or an eoui val entmotorcvcl eoi l

drivechainlubricant SAE80 or 90qearoil coolingsystem, recommendation

Pro HondaHP Coolantor an equivalenthigh qualityethylene glycolantifreezecontainingcorrosionprotectioninhibitors sneeificallv racommended

coolingsystem, caoacitv

202

2.9US qt(2.70l

Technicallnformation

for use in ahrminrrm enoines


Specifications Capacities passenger

operator,one passenger

caoacitv

maximum weight capacity

USA: 386lbs(175kg) Canada: 395lbs(179kg) rider.oassenoer, all carqoandaccessories

EnqineSoecifications displacement

bore& stroke ratio compression sparkplug lstandard) sparkpluo qap valve clearance /cold)

idle soeed

36.5cu-in (599cm3) 2 .6 4 x 1.67i n (67.0x 42.5mm)

12.0:1 IMRgC-gH(NGK) or

(DENSO) VUH27D mm) no adiustment in (0.80-0.90 0.031-0.035 intake 0.008in (0.20mm) exhaust0.011in (0.28mm) 1.300+ 100rom

Technicallnformation

203


Specifications PowerTransmission primaryreduction 1.822 qear ratio.1st 2.833 2nd 2.062 1.647 3rd 4th 5th 6th final reduction standard sprocketsizes finaldrive

2O4

1 .4 2 1 1 .2 7 2 1 .1 7 3 2.875 drive (engine)sprocket 16 teeth driven (rearwheel) sprocket:46 teeth chain D.l.D.525HV or RK 525ROZ1

Technicallnformation


-.ilaonsztlltA!4

ffi/cm') -2onazliilylc. @flcm')

- 8.6Ah 1--2v

Technicallnformation

205


Specifications Lights headlioht brake/tail lioht

turnsignallights

license lioht

12V- 55W (2bulbs) 12V 12V 12V 12V -

2115W(2 bulbs) 32l3CP (front) 32CP ftearl 4CP

Fuses matn

30A

FI

204

otherfuses

10A,20A

206

Technicallnformation


ZZW.n(29N'm,3.0 zUot'tr QAN'm, 2.7!glq) Z -tb f{ t (59 N ' m,6.0 kgf' m) Z Z W' f t B O N ' m, 3.1 kgf' m)

tO tUt'tt(22N'm ,2.2kgf'm\ 6 9 l b f'ft (93N ' m,9.5 kgf' m)

Technicallnformation

207


Break-in Guidelines Help assureyour motorcycle,sfuture reliability andperformanceby paying extraattentionto how you ride during the first 300miles(500km). During this period,avoid full-throttle staftsandrapid acceleration.

208

Technicallnformation


''w

Emission Control Systems Exhaust Emission Requirements The U. S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency (EPA), the California Air ResourcesBoard (CARB), andTransport Canadarequire that your motorcycle comply with applicableexhaustemissions standardsduring its useful life, when operatedand maintainedaccordingto the instructionsprovided. The Vehicle EmissionControl Informationlabel ( I ) (2 ) is attachedon the rear fender under the seat. The VacuumHoseRoutingDiagramlabel (3 ) is attachedto the air cleanerhousing underthe fuel tank (Califomia only).

v

(1)vehicle control information emission label (2)vehicleemission controlinformation label(Canada only) (3)vacuumhoseroutingdiagramlabel (California only)

Technicallnformation

209


Emission Control Svstems Noise Emission Requirements The EPA alsorequiresthat motorcycles built after Januaryl, 1983comply with applicablenoiseemissionstandardsfor one yearot 3,730miles (6,000km) after the time of saleto the ultimatepurchaser, when operatedand maintainedaccording to the instructionsprovided.(USA only) Warranty Compliance Compliancewith the termsof the Distributor'sWarrantiesfor Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control is Systems necessaryin orderto keepthe emissions systemwarrantyin effect. (USA only)

210

Technical Information

Source of Exhaust Emissions The combustionprocessproducescarbon monoxide(CO), oxidesof nitrogen(NOx), and hydrocarbons(HC). Control of hydrocarbonsandoxidesof nitrogenis very importantbecause,undercertain conditions.theyreactto form photochemicalsmogwhen subjectedto sunlight.Carbonmonoxidedoesnot react in thesameway,but it is toxic. HondaMotor Co., Ltd. utilizesPGM-FI and other systemsto reducecarbon monoxide,oxidesof nitrogen,and hydrocarbons.


Emission Control Svstems Exhaust Emission Control System The exhaustemissioncontrol system includesa secondaryair supplysystem, and a PGM-FI system.(California only: alsoincludesa three-waycatalytic converterand a heatedoxygen sensor.) No adjustmentto thesesystemsshouldbe madealthough periodic inspectionof the componentsis recommended.

PGM-FI System The PGM-FI systemusessequential multiport fuel injection.It hasfour subsystems: Air Intake,EngineControl, Fuel Control,andExhaustControl. The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses various sensorsto determinehow much air is going into the engine.It thencontrols how much fuel to inject underall operatingconditions. Ignition Timing Control Systcm The systemconstantlyadjuststhe ignition timing, reducingthe amountof HC, CO andNOx produced.

Technicallnformation 2ll


Emission Control Svstems Secondary Air Injection System The secondaryair injection system introducesfiltered air into the exhaust gasesin the exhaustport. The secondary air injectionsystemhelpsimprove emissionperformance. Three-Way Catalytic Converter (California only) The three-waycatalyticconverteris in the exhaustsystem.Throughchemical reactions,they convertHC, CO, and NOx in the engine'sexhaustto carbondioxide (COz),dinitrogen (Nt, and water vapor.

212

TechnicalInformation

Evaporative Emission Control System (California only) This motorcyclecomplieswith the requirementsof the California Air ResourcesBoard (CARB) evaporative emissionregulations.Fuel vaporfrom the fuel tank is directedinto the charcoal canisterand air cleanerwhereit is adsorbedand storedwhile the engineis stopped.When the engineis runningand the purgecontrol solenoidvalve is open, fuel vaporin the charcoalcanisterand air cleaneris drawninto the enginethrough the throttle body.


Emission Control Svstems CrankcaseEmission Control System The engineis equippedwith a closed crankcasesystemto preventdischarging crankcaseemissionsinto the afinosphere. Blow-by gasis returnedto the combustion chamberthroughthe air cleanerand the intakemanifold.

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle Exhaust Emissions If you are awareof any of the following symptoms,havethe vehicleinspectedand repairedby your authorizedHonda motorcycledealer. Symptoms: 1. Hard startingor stallingafter starting 2. Roughidle 3. Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration

(bacKiring) 4.After-burning 5. Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

Technicallnformation

213


Emission Control Systems Noise Emission Control System TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED: U. S. federallaw prohibits,or Canadian provinciallaws may prohibit the following actsor the causingthereof:( I ) The removalor renderinginoperativeby any person,otherthanfor purposesof malntenance, repairor replacement,of any deviceor elementof designincorporated lnto any new vehiclefor the pulposeof noisecontrol prior to its saleor deliveryto the ultimatepurchaseror while it is in use; or (2 ) the useof the vehicleafter such deviceor elementof designhasbeen removedor renderedinoperativeby any pefson.

214

Technicallnformation

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE FOLLOWING ACTS: 1. Removalof, or puncturingthe muffler, baffles,headerpipesor any other componentwhich conductsexhaust gases. 2. Removalof, or puncturingof any part of the intakesystem. 3. Lack of propermaintenance. 4. Replacingany moving partsof the vehicle,or paftsof the exhaustor intake system,with partsotherthanthose specifiedby the manufacturer.


Catalytic Converter (California Only) This motorcycleis equippedwith a threeway catalyticconverter. The catalyticconvertercontainsprecious promoting metalsthatserveascatalysts. chemicalreactionsto convertthe exhaust gasseswithout affecting the metals. The catalyticconverteractson HC, CO, and NOx. A replacementunit mustbe an original Hondapart or its equivalent. The catalyticconvertermustoperateat a high temperaturefor the chemical reactionsto take place.It can setfire to any combustiblematerialsthat comenear it. Parkyour motorcycleaway from high grasses,dry leaves,or otherflammables.

A defectivecatalyticconvertercontributes to air pollution,andcanimpairyour engine'sperformance.Follow these guidelinesto protectyour motorcycle's catalyticconverter. o Always useunleadedgasoline.Even a small amountof leadedgasolinecan contaminatethe catalyst metals,making the catalyticconverterineffective. o Keep the enginetuned-up. o Haveyour motorcyclediagnosedand repairedif it is misfiring, backfiring, stallingor otherwisenot running properly.

Technicallnformation

215


OxygenatedFuels Someconventionalgasolinesarebeing blendedwith alcohol or an ether compound.Thesegasolinesare collectivelyreferredto asoxygenated fuels. To meetcleanair standards,some areasof the United Statesand Canadause oxygenatedfuels to help reduceemissions. If you usean oxygenatedfuel, be sureit is unleadedand meetsthe minimum octane rating requirement. Before usingan oxygenatedfuel, try to confirm the fuel's contents.SomestateV provincesrequirethis informationto be postedon the pump.

216

Technicallnformation

The following arethe EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates: ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) l07o by Volume You may usegasolinecontainingup to l07o ethanolby volume.Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed underthe name "Gasohol". MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) l57o by Volume You may usegasolinecontainingup to I5VoMTBEby yolume.


OxygenatedFuels METHANOL (methylor wood alcohol) 57oby Volume You may usegasolinecontaining methanolcontainingup to 5Vomethanol by volume aslong as it alsocontains cosolventsand corrosioninhibitorsto protectthe fuel system.Gasoline containingmore than5Vomethanolby volumemay causestartingand/or performanceproblems.It maYalso damagemetal,rubber,and plasticparts of your fuel system. If you noticeany undesirableoperating symptoms,try anotherservicestationor switch to anotherbrandof gasoline.

Fuel systemdamageor Performance problemsresultingfrom the useof an oxygenatedfuel containingmorethanthe percentages of oxygenatesmentioned abovearenot coveredunderwarranty. Oxygenatedfuels can damagepaint and plastic.Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank.Wipe up any spills immediately.

Orygenatedfuels can damagepaint and plastic. Damagecausedby spilledf uel is not coveredby warrantY.

Technicallnformation

217


218

Technicallnformation


Consumer Information This sectioncontainsinformationon your warrantyand how to get an official Honda servlcemanual.

Consumerlnformation

219


Authorized Manuals The ServiceManual (PublicationItem No. 6IMBW53) usedby your authorizedHonda dealeris availablefrom Helm, Inc. (USA only, Canada:Seeyour Hondadealerto order authorizedmanuals.) Also available,but not necessary, to serviceyour model is the HondaCommonService Manual (PublicationNo. 61CM001), which explainstheoryof operationand basicservice informationfor varioussystemscommonto all Hondamotorcycles,motor scootersand ATVs. TheseHondamanualsarewritten for the professionaltechnician,but mostmechanicallycapableownersshouldfind them easyto useif they havethe propertools and observeproper safetystandards.SpecialHondatools arenecessaryfor someprocedures. Descriptlon

Publication llem No.

Prlce Each*

61MBW53

2004 CBR600F4i Service Manual

$60.00

61CM 001

Common Service lVanual

$48.00

3lMBW650

2004CBB600F4iOwner'sManual

s16.00

'Prices arc subiect to change without notice and without incurring obliaation.

220

Consumerlnformation


Order On-Line: www.helminc.com Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93( 1-888-292-5393) (NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday - Friday8:00AM - 6:00PM EST OR By completingthis form you can orderthe materialsdesired.You can pay by checkor moneyorder,or chargeto your credit card.Mail to Helm, Inc. at the addressshownon the backof thisorderform (USA only). Canada:Seeyour Hondadealerto orderauthorizedmanuals. Publication

Item Description

oty.

Item No.

'Prices are subject to change without notice and withoul incurring obligalion,

Price

Total

Each'

Prlce

Sub Total Mich.Purchasers Add 6 o/oSalesTax

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time tor

Handling Charge

delivery

Grand Total

$4.00

Consumerlnformation 221


NOTE:Dealersand Companiespleaseprovidedealeror companynarne,and also the nameof the personio whoseattentionthe shiomentshouldbe sent.

Customer Name

Atlention

StreetAddress - NoP.O.BoxNumber

Aparmâ&#x201A;Źnt Numbel

City

state_

( Daytime Telephone Number

)

payable toHe|mInc orderenclosed T_-l Checkormoney | | U.S.lundsonly. Donolsendcash.

fl

MasterCard

Ivrse

zp code_

hereil yourbilling address isdifferent ffomthe f-l Check I I shipping address shownabove.

Account Number

fI-[Tl[lT|ltT-[n[rn]

Expiration: Mo.Yr

Llurscover Customer Signature These Publications cannot bereturned lorcredit without receiving advance authorization within 14daysoldelivery. Onretums, teernay a restocking beapplied against theoriginal order.

HELM p.o. Box 07280,DETRorr,MtcHtcAN48207

222

Consumerlnformation


Warranty Coverage Your new Hondais coveredbv these warTantles: . MotorcycleLimited Warranty o ExhaustEmissionWarranty . NoiseControl Warranty Thereareresponsibilities,restrictions,and exclusionswhich apply to thesewarranties. Pleasereadthe WarrantiesBooklet given to you by your Hondadealerat the time of purchase.Be sureto keepyour Honda owner'scard with your Warranties Booklet(USA only).

Your wananty coveragewill not be voidedif you chooseto perform your own maintenance. However,you shouldhave the propertools and serviceinformation andbe mechanicallyqualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenanceare not covered. Almost all of your w:urantycoveragecan be extendedthroughthe HondaProtection Plan(USA only). For more information, seeyour Hondadealer.

It is importantto realizethat your warrantyappliesto defectsin materialor workmanshipof your Honda.Your warrantycoveragedoesnot apply to normalwearor deteriorationassociated with usingthemotorcycle. Consumerlnformation

223


Warranty Service Pleaserememberthat recommended maintenanceinterval servicingis not includedin your warrantycoverage. Additionally, your wananty doesnot apply to the normalwearof items (suchas brakes,tires,etc.). If you believeyou havea problemwith your motorcycle,call theservice departmentof your Honda dealer.Make an appointmentfor an inspectionand diagnosis.Remember,asthe owner of the motorcycle,you will be askedto authorize that inspection.Your dealerwill give you the resultsof the inspection.If the problemis coveredunderwarranty,your dealerwill perform the wananty repairs for you.

224

Consumerlnformation

If you havequestionsaboutwarranty coverageor the natureof the repair,it is bestto talk to the servicemanagerof your Hondadealer. Sometimes,in spiteof the bestintentions of all concerned,a misunderstanding may occur.If you aren't satisfiedwith your dealer'shandlingof the situation,we suggestyou discussyour problemwith the appropriatememberof the dealership's managementteam.If the problemhas alreadybeenreviewedwith the Service Manager,PartsManager,SalesManager, etc.,contactthe Ownerof the dealership or their designatedrepresentative.


Contacting Honda Your owner'smanualwas written to cover most of the questionsyou might ask about your Honda.Any questionsnot answered in the owner'smanualcan be answeredby your Hondadealer.If your dealerdoesn't havethe answerright away,they will get it for you.

MotorcycleDivision, AmericanHonda Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box2220, Torrance, CA 90509-2220,mailstop:I 00-4W-5B, (310)532-981l. telephone:

If you havea differenceof opinion with your dealer,pleaserememberthat each dealershipis independentlyownedand operated.That's why it's importantto work to resolveany diffetencesat the dealershiplevel.

Pleaseincludethe following information in your letter: . name,address,andtelephonenumber o productmodel,year,and frame/VlN

If you wish to commenton your experienceswith your Hondaor with your dealer,pleasesendyour commentsto the followingaddress(USA only):

Canada:Refer to the WarrantiesBooklet that was suppliedwith your vehicle.

serialnumber o date of purchase r dealername and address We will likely askyour Hondadealerto respond,or possiblyacknowledgeyour cornrnentsdirectly.

Consumerlnformation

225


Your Honda Dealer Onceyou purchaseyour new Honda,get familiar with the organizationof your Hondadealerso you can utilize the full rangeof servicesavailable. The servicedepartmentis thereto perform regularmaintenanceand unexpected repairs.It hasthe latestavailableseryice information from Honda. The service departmentwill alsohandlewarranty inspectionsand repairs. The parts departmentof fers Genuine Hondaparts,Pro Hondaproducts, (USA only), and Hondalineaccessories Hondaaccessories andproducts(Canada only). The samequality that went into your Hondacan be found in Genuine parts.You'll alsofind Hondareplacement comparablequality in the accessories and 226

Consumerlnformation

productsavailable from the parts department. The salesdepartmentoffers the Honda hotection Planto extendalmostall of your warrantycoverage(USA only). Your Hondadealercan inform you about competitionandotherridingeventsin your area.You'll alsofind that your dealer is a sourceof informationaboutAmerican Honda'sRider EducationCentersand the HondaRider's Club of America (USA

only). We're sureyou'll be as pleasedwith the serviceyour Hondadealercontinuesto provideafter the saleas you are with the quality and dependabilityof your Honda.


The Honda Rider's Club (USA only) One of the bestways to get the most enjoymentfrom owning your Hondais to join the HondaRider's Club of America (HRCA). Your purchaseof a new motorcycle,scooteror ATV from a participatingHondadealerentitlesyou to a complimentaryone-yearmembership. The HRCA has hundredsof dealersponsoredchaptersthroughoutthe USA. Someof the HRCA membershipbenefits include: . 24-lv. emergencyroadsideassistance

ATV rider trainingis availablefrom the SpecialtyVehicle Instituteof America with the purchaseof a new HondaATV. o A subscriptiontoHonda Red Rider, a bi-monthlyinsider'smagazinefor all members. . Specialmembers-onlyHRCA website. o Discountsfrom HRCA partnersfor both on and off-road riding schoolsand adventurepackages. o Hospitalityat nationalevents. . Optionalinsurance,club pin, patch,etc.

vehicle. ortransport for yourHonda o Transportationfor your Hondaor transportvehicleto the nearestHonda dealeror servicefacility if roadside assistance can't getyou goingagain. r Reimbursement (to $75) for motorcycle and scooterrider trainingfrom the MotorcycleSafetyFoundation.Free

Contactyour Hondadealerfor more informationor call: I -800-847-HRCA. For a completelist of all HRCA benefits and services,refer to your HRCA membershipbenefitsmanualor visit our websiteat www.honda.com.

Consumerlnformation 227


Reporting Safety Defects (USA only) If you believethat your vehiclehasa defectwhich could causea crashor could causeinjury or death,you should immediatelyinform the NationalHighway Traffic SafetyAdministration(NHTSA) in additionto notifying AmericanHonda Motor Co.,Inc. If NHTSA receivessimilar complaints,it may openan investigation,and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles,it may ordera recall and remedy campaign.However,NHTSA cannot becomeinvolved in individual problems betweenyou, your dealer,or American HondaMotor Co.,Inc.

228

Consumerlnformation

To contactNHTSA, you may eithercall the Auto SafetyHotline toll-free at (or 366-0123in r-8OO-424-9393 Washington,D.C. area)or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Departmentof Transportation,Washington,D.C. 20590. You can also obtainotherinformation aboutmotor vehiclesafetvfrom the Hotline.


Consumerlnformation 229


Table of Contents Thefollowingpresents thecontents of eachsectionof yourowner'smanual. MOTORCYCLESAFETY................... I ImportantSafetyInformation.................. 2 Accessories & Modifications................... 4 S a fe tyL a b e l s .......... ...........7 INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS........9 Component Locations ............................ 1I Gauges, Indicators & Displays.... ........... 14 2l Multi-function Display.......... ............. Low Oil PressureIndicator

L amp....... 22 andlvlalfunction Indlcator CoolantTemperatureIndicator andMalfunctionlndicatorLamp.......23 ...............24 FuelIndicator ....... ........25 S p e e d o m e te r. ....... ........25 O d o me te r...... 26 TripmeterA & B ................................ 230

Table of Contents


Table of Contents BEFORE RIDING..........___.__-......... 37 Are You Readyto Ride? ...................... 38 Protective AppareI.............................. 38 RiderTraining ............. 40 Is Your MotorcycleReadyto Ride ? ....qt Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 4I LoadLimits& Guidelines. ..................... 44 L o a d i n g ......... ...... .........44 L o a dL i mi ts .................45 LoadingGuidelines ............................ 45

BASIC OPERATION & RIDING......47 SafeRidingPrecautions ......................... 48 Starting& StoppingtheEngine.............49 Preparation.... ............... 49 StartingProcedure .............................. 50 Fl ooded E ngi ne................................... 5I Bank Angle SensorIgnition Cut-off S ystem........... ............... 51 How to StoptheEngine.....................52 S hi fti ngGears......................................... 53 B raki ng ............................ 55 P arki ng.......... ................... 51 Ridingwith a Passenger or Cargo,.,.,,,,,,62

Table of Contents 231


Table of Contents SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............63 Before You ServiceYour Honda The Importance of Maintenance............ 66 Maintenance Safety............ .................... 67 ImportantSafetyPrecautions............. 68 PeriodicMaintenance ............................. 70 M a i n te n a n cSc e h e d u l............ e ............... 72 Maintenance Record........... .................... 77 ServicePreparations C o m p o n e nLto c a ti o n............. s ............... 79 To o lKi t......... ................... 82 Owner's ManualStorage........................ 83 S e aR t e mo v a l ................... 84 L o w e rF a i ri n gR e mo v a........... l .............. 85 InnerFairingRemoval........................... 87

232

Table of Contents


Table of Contents SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont'd) Electrical Ba tte rY ...................

t49

AppearanceCare .'........."""""""""""'

154

161 ................. TrPS.............. """ 162 StoringYourHonda """""" 165 YourMotorcycle Transp*orting 166 you &.theEnvironment..""""""""""'

TAKING CAR.E OF THE 167 UNEXPECTED ................................" 168 Guidelines......""""""""""""' General Start "' 169 ti you, EngineQuits or Won't you Tire Huu*.a Flat ""' """""""""' 174 ii you. Overheats Engine """""""""" 186 it Indicator Pressure Oil Low the If ." " " " " " " " " " " " " 188 Fl ashes " If a FuseB l ow s..' ....' ..' .." " " " " " " " " " "189 """"""""' 193 If You Crash' 194 If You LoseYour Key """"""""""""' If Your Batteryis Low (or Dead)"""" 195

Table of Contents

233


Table of Contents TECHNICAL INFORMATION ......197 198 VehicleIdentification........................... ................201 Specifications 208 Break-inGuideIines.............................. 209 EmissionControlSystems................... CatalyticConverter (Califomiaonly).............. 215 ..................... 216 Fuels.............. ................... Oxygenated

CONSUMER INFORMATION....... 219 220 Manuals........ ..................... Authorized .......223 WarrantyCoverage 224 .,,..................... WarrantyService...,...... 225 Honda............ ..................... Contacting 226 ................... YourHondaDealer........... The HondaRider's Club (U S Aonl y) ....................227 Reporting Safety Defects (USAonly) ....................228 TABLE OF CONTENTS..................230

INDEX QUICK REFERENCE

234

Table of Contents

236


Table of Contents 235


lndex A C

B

236 Index


Index 3I meter................'..... coolanttemperature 225 ........... ........... ............. c u s to m esre rv i c e D 126 rear..........'........' damping,suspension,

F

E

Index

237


Index

G

I identification,vehicle........... idlespeed, engine........... ignition cutoff system,

H

K

238 rndex

198

r12


fndex L

M

N 198 numbers, seri al ......................................

Index 239


Index pre-ri de i nspecti on.................................. 4l problems, I 67 unexpected........................... protectiveapparel ............ 38

o

R

P

240

Index


Index

s

Index 241


Index storage, motorcycle ................. 162 owner'smanual ........... 83 suspension, ............. 120 front suspension adjustment front suspension springpre-Ioad...... l2l frontsuspension 122 damping................ .............. 124 rearsuspension adjustment 125 springpre-1oad........ rearsuspension 126 damping .................. rearsuspension switch, ...............34 e n g i n es to p .... 35 h e a d l i g hdti m m e r............... ................. i g n i ti o n .......... ...............33 ........ ............35 tu rns i g n a l

242

Index

T


Index

\n .,-hinle identification no' (VN)"""""'

'

198

waranty. ))7 coverage."""' ;;\ 'r7t extended'"""' s e rv i c e .....' .' ..." " " " " " ." " " " " ' 1r,o ' """"""""""' '" washingyourmotorcycle " " " " " " " " " ' 45 w e i g h tl i n u t" ' wheels, t'l'7 front removal r82 rearremoval"

Index 243


244

Memo


Quick Reference The following is a brief, but important collectionof informationyou needto know aboutyour Honda.You'll alsofind spaceto recordimPortantnotes.

The engineof your Hondacan be the most expensivecomponentto repair.Proper especiallythe useof the maintenance, recommendedfluids andfilters, prevents prematurewear anddamage. Frequentcausesof costlyrepairsare: . Engineoil: insufficient quantity. improperoil. . Air cleaner:dirty, leakingbecauseof improperinstallation(poor seal). Recordimportantinformationon the followingpage:

Quick Reference


Quick Reference

Quick Reference


Quick Reference P.ont, 120l

BRtDGESTONleroior RADTAL ' '- '-" rL F u, ' or

DUNLOP D2O7FV or

pitotSPORT M|CHEL|N * E Rear: 189lSSZR17M/C(73W) BRIDGESToNE BTolbRRADIALF oT DUNLOPD2O7por MICIELtNpitotSpORT E Front:36Osi@ Reari-l?psi

(290kp a',2.90kof/cmzl stgnoaro: lMRgt€HINGE or

ffi*lr;lr

main: F I:

Quick Reference

30A 2OA

VUH27D(DTAJSo--=_-

or an equivalentdistilled

water


Quick Reference Scheduled Maintenance Pre-ride Insoection

Initial: 600 miles(1,000km) Resular:everv4.(XX)miles(6.400km)

Periodic Checks

Checkthefollowingitemsmonthly(pageTl ): tires,fluids,lights, freeolav.drivechain.fuses.nuts& bolts. unleadedgasoline,pumpoctanenumber86 or higher 4 .7 6U S q al (18.00) API ServiceClassificationSF or SG, SAE 10W-40,ho HondaGN4 4strokeoil or eouivalent

FueVCapacity EneineOil Maximum Weight Canasitv

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 4l ): tires, chain. leaks. loose oarts. throttle. brakes.indicators. lishts.

386lbs(175kg) 395lbs{179kg)Canada rider.oassenser. all carsoandaccessories

Quick Reference


ITONTDA

The powerof dreams.'

31 MB W 650 00 x31-MB W -6500

@ O @2 0 0 0 . 2 0 0 3 . 0 8 . 4 P RI NT E D INJAPAN

Honda CBR600 F4i  

svc manual for 04 model

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