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Benjamin Franklin has always been an advocate of the truth and when he was little his older brother taught him how to deal with the printing. At the age of twelve, Benjamin figured out the basics of the printing press business by being an apprentice to his older brother, James. He owned a printing office in Boston and it helped develop little Benjamin’s mind on how to tell the truth in the printing business. In less than five years, Benjamin Franklin had the talent of a fully skilled printer able to work anywhere in any print shop. With his experience as a child, Ben left his brother’s print shop and went to find work in big cities like Philadelphia and London. At the age of twenty-two, Franklin had opened his own office in Philadelphia. His business went so well that he started a newspaper called The Pennsylvania Gazette and his annual Poor Richard’s Almanack. Ben Franklin was very clever in making cartoons to portray his truths to people that couldn’t quite grasp his columns. Also, his illustrated news stories and letters to the editor we common in his newspaper, which caused a lot of rile in the citizens of that time period. The amount of time Benjamin Franklin poured out into the lives of people that wanted to get to know what was going on around them or learn about the truth, when it isn’t always liked by other printing companies is endless. The illiterate and literate all got to understand the news in different ways thanks to Franklin on doing his best to think of new ways to present the truth. Poor Richard’s Almanack was based more off of sense of humor, but still presented the truth in a way people could understand what happened annually. London started off Franklin’s career when the Governor of Pennsylvania promised to help with his starting a new business, but he first had to go to London to get his own printing press. Since the governor broke his word, Franklin remained in London for two years to help work for his responsibilities of a new job and starting off his new company. He started making pamphlets that helped start off his career in London and once he was able to meet some people that would continue his growth in the printing business he returned to Philadelphia as soon as possible. Franklin was smart and made his own ink and casting type to continue the process of opening his own printing office. The acquaintances that Franklin made increased daily, because of his personality and determination to start his business and be successful. Franklin said, “that truth, sincerity, and integrity in dealings between man and man were of the utmost importance to the felicity of life,” and later he had founded the Junto Society and they debated the writings of the members. Samuel Keimer’s print shop decided to take his son and Benjamin Franklin started their own printing shop, but Keimer’s son sold his share so Franklin was left with his own business at the age of 24. Franklin decided to test one of his pamphlets and anonymously printed it and got amazing feedback on printing more paper money in Pennsylvania. People’s responses on Franklin’s pamphlets made a huge difference when he printed the truth, which started a trend in spreading the truth nationally through newspapers or books for the people to get more involved. Franklin had a shopkeeper that helped him out with his printing business, Deborah Read, who ended up becoming his wife and helped him complete his business in the publishing business. At the age of forty-two, he retired from active business and devoted the rest of this time to his science studies along with philosophical writings. The amount of time he dedicated to publishing the truth changed the world on how to present articles and time pieces that would portray honesty, but also influence history. Franklin did a bang up job on starting off the printing business with truth and different techniques to help get the word out.


Joseph Pulitzer suffered from many issues in his life related to poor health and bad eyesight, but he strived in the printing business and that made him unique in that industry. Pulitzer had eagerness and succeeded as a laborer, legislator, and newspaperman, which made him into a great businessman in that age. One of Pulitzer’s best creations was St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the New York World, which were very profitable papers that explained provoking editorials and news that had a lot of public interest involving crimes. He also is worldly known for the Pulitzer Prize. Joseph Pulitzer was moved to Budapest when his dad retired and they were put in private schools and placed with tutors that helped them learn French and German. The Pulitzer’s were well educated once they were put in those schools and given proper education. His father died at a young age for Joseph, so once his mom got remarried he decided to move out and start a life of his own. Pulitzer tried to join the army and three armies rejected him, until he was finally recruited to fight for the Union in the American Civil War in 1864. Joseph didn’t know English, so he went to New York and found the most German cavalry unit. He was a great solider and came out with an honorable discharge. After the war, Pulitzer was homeless and penniless, so he agreed to shovel coal on a ferry to get across the Mississippi River for work. Joseph continued to learn English while he spent many hours at a mercantile library and he met a part owner of a newspaper, Carl Schurz. He admired him and hired him as a reporter in 1868. He was known for irritating his peers by always finding the truth and getting the good stories. He was nominated to be in an election against a representative and Pulitzer won. Joseph Pulitzer loved politics, but his real passion was journalism. After he decided that his politician career was over, he went full fledge into the printing business. He exposed many issues that


were going on in St. Louis that had led to the city's corruption and the paper went everywhere. The World was known for its investigative journalism and he eventually hired Nellie Bly, who became famous for reporting the wrongdoings in New York’s institutions. Pulitzer and his partner, Hearst became well known for their “yellow journalism” which increased all the readers by a huge amount and spreading more of the truth in different ways. Joseph Pulitzer was known for fighting corrupt governments, the extremely wealthy people, and social evils. He never let his physical disabilities threaten his hard work and didn’t back down. He had a kind heart for honesty, which he wanted to display to the entire world that read his newspapers. Joseph Pulitzer was considered to be a great man in the printing industry and brought us a lot of useful information still today.

Nellie Bly was enrolled in a small college after her father died to pursue her passions and get a higher education. When she was 18, she sent a racy response to a piece that was in the Pittsburgh Dispatch that talked about how women were best to be in the house doing chores than out working. After the manager of that paper read her letter, he offered her a position. He job was based off of the sexist ideas of women and how to prove that women had equal rights just like everyone else. Eventually, she aspired to have a more meaningful career and she wanted to expand her horizons. Nellie Bly was most known for her work with Joseph Pulitzer with the New York World and with one of her first assignments, she had to stay in a mental hospital for ten days to report on what goes on around there. Her goal was to expose the conditions of the asylum and broadcast it, so that people would understand they aren’t just crazy people that talk about their surroundings and no one believes them. The piece brought up the physical abuse and neglect among the hospital and spurred up a huge investigation of the institution and improvement for health care. An author thought that her piece was so good; they made it into a novel called Ten Days in a Mad-House. Bly’s article led the governor to take action in what happens in the city’s hospitals and to be looked in every so often. The hospitals had


additional appointments for supervision and made sure it wasn’t overcrowded in the facilities. After this piece was done, it brought up more investigative work that helped bring in the light of situations that occur in jails, factories, and what could be happening to help solve this. Fame continued for Bly when she went to travel the world to break a record of doing it in 80 days. So she took a ship, horse, rickshaw, sampan, burro, and other vehicles and completed the trip in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes and 14 seconds. Her trip around the world featured New York World.


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