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A Guide to Berthold AG

Nicholas Cook


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Akzidenz-Grotesk Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

Typography

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Contents Origin of Akzidenz Grotesk

p.1-2

Similarites with other san serif fonts

p.3-4

H. Berthold

p.5-6

History of Berfold Typefoundry

p.7-8

Font family variations

p.9-10


Origin

A The design of Akzidenz Grotesk cannot be attributed to a specific typographer. It is inspired by the Walbaum and Didot typefaces. Its direct precursor is Royal Grotesk, created by German typographer Ferdinand-Theinhardt. That typeface was designed around 1880 for setting the body copy of scientific publications. In 1896 the H. Berthold AG type foundry released the first version of Akzidenz-Grotesk under the name Accidenz-Grotesk. Over the years additional styles got added.

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The design of Akzidenz-Grotesk was theorized to be derived from Walbaum or Didot, as demonstrated by the similar font metrics when the serifs are removed. However, the font family also included fonts made by other foundries, such as the c. 1880 typeface Royal Grotesk Light from the Berlin foundry Ferdinand Theinhardt Schriftgiesserei, designed by Ferdinand Theinhardt for the scientiďŹ c publications of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. FTS also supplied the regular, medium and bold weights of the typeface. While Hermann Berthold took over Theinhardt's Berlin foundry in 1908, it wasn't until the fall of the Prussian monarchy in 1918 that Royal Grotesk was published as part of the Akzidenz-Grotesk font family and renamed Akzidenz-Grotesk Condensed.

Royal Grotesk Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 2


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Akzidenz-Grotesk

Helvetica

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C G J Q R 1 2 7 4


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Born in 1831, Hermann Berthold was the son of a calico-printer. On completion of his apprenticeship as a precision-instrument maker and after practical experience gained abroad in galvanography, Hermann Berthold founded his “Institute for Galvano Technology” in Berlin in 1858. Very quickly he discovered a method of producing circular lines from brass and not, as customary at that time, from lead or zinc. The soldering normally necessary could also be dispensed with. The lines were elastic and therefore highly durable. They produced outstandingly fine results. Most of German’s letterpress printers and many printers abroad placed their orders with Berthold. His products became so popular that the print trade popularized the saying “As precise as Berthold brass.”

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the f o d t id o n e a an the meas e t pu ith t of f th o d t nt. W uni irth o It is e ion reme asic he b ent. f the s s mi easu g a b as t urem ad o m co of m visin his w eas e he s wa ms in de ts). T hic m as th d e l ho syst ded poin grap rved t r Be phic cee phic typo ld se n an gra suc gra of rtho m er typo r he typo tem Be H f rste 60 sys ann . 8 o 7 ,6 g rm 88 18 ion oe In nfus or F = 2 indin . He il 18 co fess t (1m lly b rade unt o Pr men nera the t ndry ure t ge d in efou ďŹ rs ll use ld typ sti rtho Be

H. Berthold created the Diatype which was a small desktop-sized headline-setting device, based on a glass disc font master. Character selection was by means of a trigger mounted on the front of the machine When changing font, the machine required calibration of letter-spacing by the typing of a nonsense sequence.

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Typefou The H. Berthold typefoundry, renowned for crafting high-quality typefaces, was founded in 1858 by Hermann Berthold in Berlin. By 1918 the foundry had become the largest in the world, with offices in Stuttgart, St. Petersburg, Leipzig, Riga, Budapest and Vienna. Following World War II, Berthold actively developed proprietary typesetting equipment: in the 1950s, Berthold unveiled its first phototypesetting machine, the Diatype; and in the 1960s, Berthold introduced the Diatronic, its first keyboard-controlled phototypesetting for volume production. During the 20th Century, the Berthold typefoundry developed the Berthold Exklusiv Collection, a collection of typefaces created solely for Berthold by distinguished designers. Günter Gerhard Lange, renowned master craftsman, began his association with Berthold around the same time Berthold entered phototype. As artistic director from 1961 to 1990, Lange was responsible for the creation, meticulous production standards and attention to quality found in each of the Berthold Exklusivs.

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ndry In 1997 Berthold Types, a Chicago-based company, acquired all of the copyright, trademark and design rights associated with the Berthold Exklusiv Collection. Until Gßnter Gerhard Lange’s death in 2008, he continued as an exclusive artistic consultant for Berthold Types Limited, in which capacity he continued to develop and design new Berthold typefaces..

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Variatio

Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Light

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Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Light Italic

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Regular

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Regular Italic

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 9 3


ns

Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Medium

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Medium Italic

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk bold

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 Berthold Akzidenz-Grotesk Bold Italic

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 123456789 10 4


Nicholas Cook 2014 BA(Hons) Graphic Design Southampton Solent University Graphic Structure (AVC502)


Akzidenz Grotesk book  

A guide to Berthold AG.

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