Page 1

NICHOLAS GRIMES


Contents

Gravel

4-5

U.S. Gravel Operations

6-7

U.S. Aggregate Locations

8-9

Material Futures | Prof. Zaneta Hong #material-focus #qualitative #quantitative

Material Futures | Prof. Zaneta Hong #geospatial #material-focus #quantitative

Material Futures | Prof. Zaneta Hong #geospatial #landscape #material-focus #qualitative

Art District Map

10 - 11

C-Ville Food Finder

12 - 13

Reclamation Potential

14 - 15

Walk! | Prof. Esther Lorenz #action plan #geospatial #people-focus

Grasshopper Spatial Practices | Prof. Lucia Phinney #geospatial #people-focus #quantitative

L.A. Catastrophy Information Center | Prof. Luis Pancorbo #geospatial #material-focus #physical model

Search by tag: #geospatial #data story #physical model #climate #landscape

#action plan #people-focus #material-focus #quantitative #qualitative


Earth-building Techniques of France

16 - 17

Hygroscopic Wood Experiments

18 - 19

Reimagining Broadway Junction

20 - 21

Climate and Comfort

22 - 23

Rammed Earth: Materials and Methods

24 - 25

A-School Sleep Survey

26 - 27

Le PisÊ: Unearthing France’s Material Heritage | Independent Research #landscape #material-focus #physical model #qualitative

Proto-Wood Architecture | Prof. Ehsan Baharlou #material-focus #physical model #quantitative

NYC: Broadway Junction | Prof. Mona El Khafif #action plan #geospatial #people focus #qualitative

L.A. Catastrophy Information Center | Prof. Luis Pancorbo #climate #people-focus #qualitative #quantitative

Indigineous Ecologies: Fab Lab | Prof. Phoebe Crisman #action plan #data story #material-focus #people-focus

Final Semester | Independent Research #action plan #data story #people-focus #quantitative


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U.S. Aggregate Locations

Material Futures | Prof. Zaneta Hong #geospatial #landscape #material-focus #qualitative

YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK

FISHLAKE NATIONAL FOREST COLORADO SPRINGS

SAN JOSE

SIERRA NEVADA

8

CALIFORNIA

ROCKY MOUNTAINS

NEVADA

UTAH

COLORADO

KANSAS


SECTION CUT

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Charlottesville Arts Triangle Gallery Walk Center Stage Gallery Walk

Art District Map

Walk! | Prof. Esther Lorenz #action plan #geospatial #people-focus

Center Stage Art Park Center Stage

The goal of this studio was to create a plan for the redevelopment of a low-income housing Park community two blocks away from the Downtown MallArt in Charlottesville, VA. Our group identified a network of existing public art spaces and proposed an Art District that placed the redeveloped community at the center.

Parkwhile those marked in red or blue Locations marked in black on the map indicate existingArt spaces are areas of potential where the landscape creates a natural theater Gallery Walk or where vertical surfaces provide an opportunity for art display. Gallery Cinema

① McGuffey

② Telegraph ③

⑯ ②

⑯⑭ ④

⑭ ⑯ ④

⑨ ⑥

⑦ ⑧

⑬ ⑩

⑨ Virginia Discovery Museum ⑥ Sprint Jefferson-Madison Regional ⑬ Pavilion

Music MarketVenue

⑩ Garage City ⑦ The Charlo�esville ⑪ Jefferson Theater

⑨ ⑬

⑫ The

Garage Theater Paramount Theater ⑬ Sprint Pavilion

⑤ ⑨

⑤ ④

⑨ ⑤

⑪ ⑫

⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨

⑥ Bridge

Progressive Arts Ini�a�ve Market Performance Spaces ⑧ ① Charlo�esville Subterranean Theater Museum Arts Fair ② Amphitheather Museum

Galleries

③ Inside-Out

Arts & Culture

Gallery

Market ④ Community Gallery ④

⑤ Charlo�esville Ar�st Ateliers Arts Fair ⑧ ⑥ Bridge Progressive Arts Ini�a�ve

Museum

⑦ Charlo�esville

Museum

⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨

① ② ③

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Bookshare Art Park Hand Mural ④

⑥ Floor

Big Mural

Maze Artwork

⑦ Rhino ① 'A'Dome ⑧ Metal Organic ② Rocket ⑨

Piano Stairs

③ Bookshare ⑩ Bu�ocks ④ Hand Mural ⑤ Dream

⑥ ⑦ ①

⑩ ④ ⑤

⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨

② ③ ①

① Lewis, Clark & Sacagawea ⑩ Pain�ng Tiles ② Head of Goliath ③ Wall Pain�ng ④ Family Silhoue�e ⑤ Water

Fountain Jonathan Jackson Sculpture Memorial on Court Square ⑧ Grafi� Wall ⑨ Bas relief statues of James Madison, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe ⑩ Pain�ng Tiles ⑥ Thomas

⑦ Confederate

⑧ Organic

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Stairs Artwork Organiza�on ⑩ Bu�ocks ① ⑨ Piano

Ameni�es

⑨ Gym

⑩ Daycare

Metal 'A' ② Tinkersmiths Makerspace ② Rocket ③ Bookshare Gallery ④ Hand Mural ① IX Art Park ⑤ Dream Big Mural ⑥ Floor Maze ⑦ Rhino Organiza�on ⑧ Tinkersmiths Organic DomeMakerspace ② ⑨ Piano Stairs ⑩ Bu�ocks

Center Venue

⑪ Rental Event ⑫ Library ⑬ Conference ⑭ Ticket

Room

Center Ameni�es Artwork ⑩ Daycare Center ⑨ Gym

⑪ Sail ① Rental Event ⑫ Street ② LibraryArt

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⑬ Street ③ Conference Art Room ⑭ Street ④ Ticket Center Art ⑤ Sculpture

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⑪ Event Venue ④ Rental Street Art ⑫ Library ⑤ Sculpture Garden ⑬ Conference Room ⑭ Ticket

Center

Artwork ② Street

Big Mural Gallery Floor Maze Art Park Rhino IX Art Park

relief statues of James Madison, Artwork ⑨ Bas

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Arts & Culture

Artwork

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Culture

① ② ③ ②

③ Charlo�esville ⑦ Inside-Out Gallery Arts & ④ Community Gallery Museum ⑤ Ar�st Ateliers

MarketPark Art Charlo�esville Arts Fair

④ ⑤

Subterranean Theater ⑥ Progressive Arts Ini�a�ve ② Bridge Amphitheather

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③ Wall Pain�ng JeffersonCenter and James Monroe ⑮ Thomas Music Resource ④ Silhoue�e ⑩ Family Pain�ng TilesStudio at Vinegar Hill Theatre ⑯ Light House ⑤ Water Fountain ⑰ City Arts Ini�a�ve ⑥ Thomas Jonathan Jackson Sculpture ⑱ Piedmont Council for the Arts ⑦ Confederate Memorial on Court Square ⑧ Grafi� Wall

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Charlo�esville Historical Society Discovery Museum

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Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe Statue

Market

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Music Venue

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⑬ Sprint

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⑤ Graves Venue Interna�onal Art Music ⑩ The Garage Museum ⑪ Jefferson Theater ⑧ Albemarle Charlo�esville Historical Society Library ⑫ The Paramount Theater

Library

Interna�onal Art

Market

Hill Theatre

⑭ Violet Crown Charlo�esville ⑱ Piedmont Council for the Arts

① McGuffey Art Center ⑧ Albemarle Charlo�esville Historical ② Telegraph Art & Comics ⑨ Virginia Discovery Museum ③ C'ville Arts ⑦ ④ Charlo�esville City Market Second Street Gallery

⑩ ⑧

Cinema ⑰ City Arts Ini�a�ve

Library Gallery ⑥ Jefferson-Madison Regional Library Museum

⑤ ⑱

⑮ Music Resource Center ⑯ Light House Studio at Vinegar

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Market Gallery Walk Charlo�esville City Market ⑤ Graves

⑫ ⑧

⑦ ⑪

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Gallery ① McGuffey Art Center Library ② Telegraph Art & Comics

⑧ ⑰

⑤ ④

③ ①

② ③

⑤ Graves

⑧ ⑥

①③

Art Center Art & Comics

C'ville Arts Gallery Walk Second Street Gallery

Art Art Art ⑤ Sculpture Garden ③ Street ④ Street


ART DISTRICT MAP EXISTING ART VENUE

MAIN TRAFFIC CONNECTION

EXISTING ART SPACE

ARTWORK

NATURAL THEATER

BUS STOP

POTENTIAL ART SPACE


C-Ville Food Finder

Grasshopper Spatial Practices | Prof. Lucia Phinney #geospatial #people-focus #quantitative Created using a visual programming language called Grasshopper, this project identifies food amenities in downtown Charlottesville and marks them on the map. Amenity data is pulled in from OpenStreetMap and is used to identify points of interest relating to food and dining. Simulating a walk through the city, the program dynamically adjusts the height of the nearby buildings to show which sites are the closest. Points of interest relating to food are marked using thin red cones whose height also increases according to proximity to the simulated walker. The floating sphere is used to mark the location of the walker along the path and grows in size according to the number of nearby amenities, with the exact number floating above it.

12


Using a grayscale gradient to establish visual hierarchy in the road system.

Extrude and darken amenities cording to their distance from the point moving along the path.

Generate a sphere whose distance from the ground and radius increases according to the number of nearby amenities.

Dashed lines from the sphere to the top of cones denote the location of food amenities. Cones scale in height according to distance from the point moving along the path.


Reclamation Potential

L.A. Catastrophy Information Center | Prof. Luis Pancorbo #geospatial #material-focus #physical model

The 30min driving radius highlights the fact that all material reclamation centers (pins) lie well outside the Santa Monica city limits, which presents an opportunitiy for on-site reclamation.

The top layer of cardboard was removed from a portion of the model to reveal the vertical pattern beneath. This area indicates the Los Angeles city limits, placing the city of Santa Monica within its larger context.

The boundary of Santa Monica is identified by an inset piece whose grain travels in the perpendicular direction to that of the L.A. city boundary. The major road networks taken by trucks who would haul material debris are marked by a raised cut-out of white bristol board.

Pins mark the location of the different reclamation centers available to the city of Santa Monica. All of these centers are located on the western side of the L.A., most of them outside city limits.

Cut-outs in the shape of trucks represent one truck-load (26 tons) of different types of waste that are sent to landfill each year in the city of Santa Monica. This physical model makes the case for the reclamation potential of these three major waste types.

14


Earth-building Techniques of France

Le Pisé: Unearthing France’s Material Heritage | Independent Research #landscape #material-focus #physical model #qualitative This topographic map of France was created from over 1,000 marked and laser cut cardboard pieces that were sequentially glued together. The raised cut-outs were glued at different angles to differentiate them and mark areas of the country where the four kinds of earth-building methods are practiced. In order to construct the physical piece, a digital model was first created and manipulated to create the raised areas, and then the model was sliced and the pieces laid out using Grasshopper, a visual programming language. The map is part of a larger project documenting le pisé, or rammed earth building in France. The other models created for the exhibition featured the tools and techniques of both historical and modern day rammed earth construction. I was able to travel to France over the summer of 2018 to conduct this independent research as part of Sarah McArthur Nix Traveling Fellowship.

16


Hygroscopic Wood Experiments

Proto-Wood Architecture | Prof. Ehsan Baharlou #material-focus #physical model #quantitative The experimental results at the right are a few of the graphics produced for a series of experiments performed to explore the hygroscopic properties of wood bilayers. This involved laminating wood with materials of varying thickness under different atmospheric conditions to produce a specific bending behavior. These experiments formed the research phase of a studio focused on bottom-up design, where the final product is a direct result of a material’s inherent physical properties. From these smallscale results my team and I were able to infer the behavior of much larger wood pieces, allowing us to fabricate a human-scale model that is constantly adapting to its environment. The piece was constructed in a flat state and then began to curl due to the low humidity levels within the building, which allowed it to stand on its own.

18


12 MINS RH:

42%

EMC: < 5.0%

Maple Veneer

Epoxy

.019in

EMC

Start

End

<5.0%

7.7%

33°

RH:

86%

EMC: ~ 7.1%

Maple Veneer

Glass Fiber

.019in

.007in

Start EMC

End

< 5.0%

6.5 %

57°


Reimagining Broadway Junction

NYC: Broadway Junction | Prof. Mona El Khafif #action plan #geospatial #people focus #qualitative

Shades of gray distinguish the height of different areas of overhead subway lines with darker colors marking lines closer to ground level.

Circles indicate potential areas of intervention with larger circles marking areas where larger interventions are needed. Green arrows indicate an intention to improve connectivity between areas, this flow may be uni-directional or bi-directional.

Station platforms are shown in actual size and are colored differently depending on their position in vertical space. Street level platforms are outlined, overhead platforms are filled in black, and underground platforms are dashed.

Thick dashed lines mark barriers to pedestrian transportation. This could be due to multi-lane roads, lack of traffic signals or crosswalks, high traffic volume, or rate of speed.

The color of the collage images indicates whether the context is existing (gray) or whether it is a proposed improvement (green).

20


Climate and Comfort

L.A. Catastrophy Information Center | Prof. Luis Pancorbo #climate #people-focus #qualitative #quantitative Understanding local climatic conditions is key when beginning to design a structure. However it is not always possible to perform an in-person site visit, and so this study was an attempt to better understand the people and climate of Santa Monica without first-hand experience. Using Flickr I was able to find images that were taken in Santa Monica close to our site. This helped me get a feel for the type of people who lived there, what they enjoyed doing, and how they dressed. This in turn allowed me to understand what the climate felt like and how people tended to respond to it. I used historical weather data to figure out the actual temperature on the day the photos were taken and then juxtaposed that visualization with a bar and whisker plot to show the average across each season.

SPRING

Spring

SPRING

May 18 2016

SUMMER

SUMMER

Aug 24 2008

Aug 24 2008

Summer

AUTUMN

AUTUMN

Nov 05 2018

May 18 2016

71o

71o

63o

48oF

22

86oF

41oF

41oF

61oF 16oC

63o 74o

48oF

77oF

61oF 16oC

41oF

86oF

77oF 58oF

74o

86oF

41oF

68oF 20oC

58oF 81oF

41oF

68oF 20oC

49oF

81oF

86oF

41oF

86oF

63oF 17oC

49oF

63o

17oC


Original Flickrsourced image

SUMMER

AUTUMN

AutumnAUTUMN

Aug 24 2008

68oF

20oC

WINTER

Feb 21 2013

Nov 05 2018

Nov 05 2018

58o 71o

Winter

WINTER

Feb 21 2013

58o

71o

74o

86oF

58oF 81oF

41oF

68oF 20oC

86oF

49oF 81oF

86oF

41oF

63oF 17oC

49oF

63oF 17oC

41oF

86oF

57oF 14oC

86oF

41oF

75oF 57oF 14oC

86oF

75oF


stabilizer If properly sheltered from water, an earth wall need not be stabilized; its clay content is enough to keep it from deteriorating. However, in colder climates where an earth wall is subjected to frost, it is desirable to have a more sandy composition. A higher concentration of sand will result in less hairline cracks as the wall dries. The less cracks, the less water can infiltrate the pores and cause deterioration upon expansion. A more sandy composition is particularly suited to stabilization with cement as cement interferes with the binding force of clay, and therefore more cement is needed to produce the same stabilizing effect. It is for this reason that a base soil with a high clay content is mixed with sand prior to cement stabilization. In the diagram to the left, the cement interacts with water in the pores of the soil to form a solid hydrated calcium and silica matrix or CSH. Because this matrix does not completely surround the aggregates it is not as strong as its concrete counterparts.

⑥ and Rammed Earth: Materials Methods TRANSPORT SOIL MIXTURE

COMPACT SOIL IN 4" LAYERS

Indigineous Ecologies: Fab Lab | Prof. Phoebe Crisman #action plan #data story #material-focus #people-focus

compression

materials + methods

Adequate compression of the soil is necessary to achieve the appropriate material strength. The denser the soil the higher its compressive strength. Soils can be more densely compacted through vibration as opposed to compression alone. Vibration alone may be suitable for sandy soils, but not for clay-based ones.

rammed earth ① CONSISTENCY FIELD TEST

LOW SUCTION

The base of the ram should be no smaller than 9in2 and no larger than 31in2 and should weigh between 11-20lbs. It is preferable to use a two-headed ram with a round head on one side and a square head on the other to address corner conditions. If conical or wedge-shaped rams are used the different layers are better mixed and a better bond is obtained, however ramming will take longer. Walls rammed with flat heads show less lateral resistance and should only be loaded vertically.

⑦ PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION

HIGH SUCTION

TOO MUCH CLAY

REMOVE TOPSOIL LAYER, PURE LOAM IS ODORLESS

AND ③ CRUSHING PULVERIZATION BETWEEN 6% - 10% CEMENT ALTERNATIVELY, ALLOW MOISTENED EARTH TO FREEZE OVER WINTER

ID

EA

L

5FT ------1.5M DROP

TOO MUCH SAND

SOIL ② LOCAL EXCAVATION

AND ④ MIXING STABILIZATION


Pocket instruction booklet developed for the Sisseton-Wahpeton Tribe (5” x 40”)

water & clay

stabilizer

REFERENCES:

Clay is the smallest of the particles in a soil mix and is unique in that it holds an electrostatic charge that bonds the clay particles together. This force alone does not explain its cohesive strength, however.

If properly sheltered from water, an earth wall need not be stabilized; its clay content is enough to keep it from deteriorating.

Houben, H., & Guillaud, H. (1994). Earth construction: a comprehensive guide. London: Intermediate Technology Publ.

However, in colder climates where an earth wall is subjected to frost, it is desirable to have a more sandy composition. A higher concentration of sand will result in less hairline cracks as the wall dries. The less cracks, the less water can infiltrate the pores and cause deterioration upon expansion.

Jaquin, P., & Augarde, C. (2012). Earth building: history, science and conservation. Bracknell: IHS BRE Press.

Cohesive strength in soil is due to suction between particles in the presence of water. This suction is enhanced during periods of low humidity. Clay particles enhance this effect through the formation of clay bridges as they cluster between larger particles of sand or silt as shown in the diagram to the left.

A more sandy composition is particularly suited to stabilization with cement as cement interferes with the binding force of clay, and therefore more cement is needed to produce the same stabilizing effect. It is for this reason that a base soil with a high clay content is mixed with sand prior to cement stabilization.

These clay bridges can remain saturated even when the soil as a whole is unsaturated. The binding force of the loam is dependent not only on the clay content, but also the type of clay materials present. There are three different types of water in loam: water of crystallization (structural water), absorbed water, and water of capillarity (pore water). The first of these three is chemically bound while the other two are released when the soil is heated to 105ºC.

MOISTEN SAND WHEN INCORPORATING

In the diagram to the left, the cement interacts with water in the pores of the soil to form a solid hydrated calcium and silica matrix or CSH. Because this matrix does not completely surround the aggregates it is not as strong as its concrete counterparts.

MIXTURE ⑥ SOIL TRANSPORT

Minke, G. (2013). Building with earth: design and technology of a sustainable architecture (3rd and rev. ed). Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser.

oyate wowicohan unspeiciciyapi tipi DAKOTA STUDIES + TRIBAL ARTS CENTER

COMPACT SOIL IN 4" LAYERS

DRYING ⑧ WALL AND FINISHING

⑤ FORMWORK INSTALLATION

SPONGE WITH A MOIST FELT TROWEL FOR SMOOTH SURFACE

⑦ PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION


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0 | xxxxxxxxx 9 1-2 | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 24 3-5 | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 23 6-9 | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 20 10+ | xxxxxxxxxxxx 12

Very Good | xxxxxxxx 8 Good | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 30 Average | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 29 Poor | xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 17 Very Poor | xx 2

89% of students pull at least 1 all-nighter per semester 63% of students pull at least 3 all-nighters per semester 37% of students pull at least 5 all-nighters per semester 14% of students pull at least 10 all-nighters per semester 10% of students pull no all-nighters per semester

Data collec�on: Spring 2019 Number of par�cipants: 95 Prepared by: Nicholas Grimes

What does a typical night’s sleep look like? The hypnogram below tracks the stages of sleep we go through in a typical night with special a�en�on paid to REM and Stage 2 sleep, which is lost in part by a majority of students. This is highlighted by the gradient at the right. Sleep lost by: 4%

24%

64% of students

Awake

15m

REM

30m

1h

45m

Stage 1 sleep spindle 15m

Stage 2

45m

30m

Stage 3

Stage 4

0

1

2

3 4 5 Time spent asleep (hours)

6

7

What are the effects of short-sleeping at the A-School? A significant decrease in REM and stage 2 sleep, both of which are concentrated near the end of a night’s sleep. REM sleep is needed for: • Crea�ng abstract overarching knowledge and super-ordinate concepts out of sets of informa�on (making nonobvious links). • Properly decoding emo�ons from facial expressions.

26

Lack of REM sleep is also associated with reduced coping skills, migraines, and weight gain.

Stage 2 sleep is needed for: • Sleep spindles, most frequent in Stage 2 sleep, are posi�vely correlated with short term memory storage ability. This type of sleep restores the brain's capacity for learning by 'flushing out' the hippocampus.


How can we improve the A-School’s sleep habits?

Students • Lead by example; don’t stay in studio just because other students are there. Make it a habit of leaving by 1AM at the absolute latest. • Encourage other students to priori�ze their health, get to bed on �me, and take frequent breaks. • Choose a day of the week as a day of rest. Catch up with friends, do something off-campus, but don’t do any work.

Facili�es

Administrators

Professors • Respect students’ �me and avoid sending emails with addi�onal deliverables due within 24hrs of receipt.

• Develop a school culture that priori�zes student health and work/life balance. (Bonus: Use this as a selling point for the school.)

• Cater deliverables to a student’s individual needs and avoid assigning exhaus�ve lists to all students.

• Do not schedule required classes prior to 10AM, and schedule them on a different day from studio (spread out the work).

• Keep deliverables and expectations reasonable, and in the best interest of the student. (e.g. 50 models/student is excessive)

• Coordinate events outside of the A-school and encourage en masse attendance.

• Enable night light (warm) se�ngs on all computers at sunset to avoid sleep- disrup�ng blue light. • Decrease indoor air temperature by 1° an hour from 11PM-2AM to mimic the body’s temperature dip during sleep, encouraging drowsiness. • Lock all school computers between 2AM-5AM during normal semester hours (outside of mid/final review weeks).

Why does all of this ma�er? The effects discussed thus far are of acute sleep loss. Consistent sleep loss over a longer period of �me has even more harmful effects: • Faster cellular aging and poten�al DNA damage. • Sleep is a key lifestyle factor affec�ng Alzheimer's diagnosis. • Moderate sleep loss disrupts blood sugar to prediabe�c levels. • Li�le sleep increases hormones that make you feel hungry while suppressing those of hunger sa�sfac�on.

• Sleep loss increases likelihood that coronary arteries will become blocked and bri�le, possibly leading to cardiovascular disease, stroke, and conges�ve heart failure. • Sleep disrup�on constributes to all major psychiatric condi�ons: depression, anxiety, and suicidality.

These long-term health concerns are troubling, but s�ll fail to capture the gravity of the situa�on. Student sleep habits are just one part of the larger issue of studio culture and overwork. As a result of auto accidents where they fell asleep behind the wheel, students of architecture have paid the ul�mate price for their educa�on. It was just such a tragedy in 2002 that led to the crea�on of the AIAS Sutdio Culture Task Force, who sought studio culture reform. Many of the issues raised in the report are s�ll relevant more than a decade later. Let’s not wait for another accident to make a change.

References Colten, H. R., Altevogt, B. M., & Research, I. of M. (US) C. on S. M. and. (2006). Sleep Physiology. Retrieved from h�ps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK19956/ Cribbet, M. R., Carlisle, M., Cawthon, R. M., Uchino, B. N., Williams, P. G., Smith, T. W., … Light, K. C. (2014). Cellular Aging and Restora�ve Processes: Subjec�ve Sleep Quality and Dura�on Moderate the Associa�on between Age and Telomere Length in a Sample of Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Sleep, 37(1), 65–70. h�ps://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3308 Elmenhorst, E., Hennecke, E., Lange, D., Fronczek, J., Bauer, A., Elmenhorst, D., & Aeschbach, D. (2017). 0072 GLUCOSE TOLERANCE AFTER ACUTE SLEEP DEPRIVATION, SLEEP RESTRICTION, AND RECOVERY SLEEP. Sleep, 40(suppl_1), A27–A28. h�ps://doi.org/10.1093/sleepj/zsx050.071 Everson, C. A., Henchen, C. J., Szabo, A., & Hogg, N. (2014). Cell Injury and Repair Resul�ng from Sleep Loss and Sleep Recovery in Laboratory Rats. Sleep, 37(12), 1929–1940. h�ps://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.4244 Gangwisch, J. E., Heymsfield, S. B., Boden-Albala, B., Buijs, R. M., Kreier, F., Pickering, T. G., … Malaspina, D. (2006). Short sleep dura�on as a risk factor for hypertension: Analyses of the first Na�onal Health and Nutri�on Examina�on Survey. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex.: 1979), 47(5), 833–839. h�ps://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000217362.34748.e0 Katsunuma, R., Oba, K., Kitamura, S., Motomura, Y., Terasawa, Y., Nakazaki, K., … Mishima, K. (2017). Unrecognized Sleep Loss Accumulated in Daily Life Can Promote Brain Hyperreac�vity to Food Cue. Sleep, 40(10). h�ps://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsx137 Nu�, D., Wilson, S., & Paterson, L. (2008). Sleep disorders as core symptoms of depression. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 10(3), 329–336. Shokri-Kojori, E., Wang, G.-J., Wiers, C. E., Demiral, S. B., Guo, M., Kim, S. W., … Volkow, N. D. (2018). β-Amyloid accumula�on in the human brain a�er one night of sleep A-School Sleep Survey depriva�on. Proceedings of the Na�onal Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(17), 4483–4488. h�ps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1721694115

Final Semester | Independent Research Walker, M. (2017). : Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams. Scribner. #action plan #data story #people-focus #quantitative


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M. Arch graduate, 2019 - University of Virginia

Portfolio - Nicholas Grimes  

M. Arch graduate, 2019 - University of Virginia

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