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Date: September 13, 2009

Highlights

Minister for Information and Communications Shanker Pokharel said civilian supremacy cannot be established in the country by bringing the President into controversy.

Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal on Saturday warned the Maoists not hatch conspiracies to bring about division in the ruling coalition. Addressing a function organized at Modern Kanya Multiple Campus in the capital.

Unified CPN (Maoist) Vice Chairman Dr. Baburam Bhattarai Saturday said his party has put forth five major demands before the government and added that it is firm on those demands.

Unified CPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal Saturday said Nepal's political revolution is still not and added it is high time for a decisive revolution.

Surendra Pandey, Nepal’s Minister for Finance, was whipped off of Pokhara, Kaski District on Saturday September 12, 2009, by the Maoists cadres. The Minister who had arrived in Chipledhunga of Pokhara at the inauguration ceremony of a News paper was pelted stone by the Maoists cadres and shown black flags.

Thousands of supporters of Nepal's former Maoist rebels have held a rally in the capital Kathmandu against President Ram Baran Yadav. The president's refusal to dismiss the country's army chief led to the collapse of the previous Maoist-led government in May this year.

Taking advantage of her China visit, Foreign Minister Sujata Koirala on Saturday held an interaction with members of Nepalese community living in Guangdong province and appreciated their efforts in promoting Nepal abroad.

Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai has said that the first President of the Republic, Dr. Ram Baran Yadav is the new avatar, incarnation, of Nepal’s last Monarch Gyanendra Shah.Dr. Bhattarai made this remark while addressing a mass meet in Dipayal of Doti district, September 12, 2009.

Home Minister Bhim Rawal said on Saturday that the government could dump civil servants and police personnel if they don´t discharge their duties as per the existing laws.

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Legal experts in Nepal have objected to the proposals by the Constituent Assembly's committee on Judicial System, saying if included in the Constitution, they will impair "judicial independence”.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will hold loan negotiations with the government on September 17-18 for providing assistance for the country´s energy sector. The financing of the Butwal-Kohalpur 132 kV Second Circuit Transmission Line Project will also be taken up during the negotiations, the ADB said.

Small depositors of troubled Nepal Development Bank (NDB), which is subjugated at the Patan Appellate Court for liquidation, could be allowed to withdraw 50 percent of their savings or Rs 200,000, whichever is higher, before the Dashain festival that is a couple of weeks away.

Nepal Business and Consumer Expo, a four-day event being held at the Bhrikuti Mandap Exhibition Hall offers diverse products for consumers under a single roof.

Hotel Association Nepal (HAN) welcomed the revised Air Service Agreement (ASA) and technical accord between Nepal and India. “Increased capacity and opening of Gorakhpur, Deharadun and Bagdogra as new points for Nepal are laudable,” said HAN.

The locking up of the offices of Pashupatinath temple managing committee by Maoist activists has caused a daily loss of Rs 190,000 (NRs 300,000) in tourist revenue to the body for the last 12 day.

Though the Maoists have all along been accusing the Youth Force and the police of killing Rajendra Phuyal, a Maoist cadre, investigation has revealed that Phuyal had committed suicide following an illicit relationship with a woman.

A recent study on the impact of climate change on Nepal´s development and climate change induced uncertainties has concluded that the increase in the number and intensity of natural disasters will prevent many Nepali households from breaking through the poverty line. It has projected that the flood impact on each household will double and the number of households affected directly will increase by 40 per cent.

South Korea has arrested a huge number of migrant workers including 16 Nepalis ahead of a planned crackdown on illegal migrants scheduled for October and November.

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POLITICS:

Don’t bring President into controversy: Minister DANG, September 12 - Minister for Information and Communications Shanker Pokharel said civilian supremacy cannot be established in the country by bringing the President into controversy. Speaking at a press conference organised by Dang chapter of Press Chautari at Ghorahi Saturday morning, Pokharel said debate on President should not be made as he is the symbol of Republic. He opined that the President must be placed respectably in a strong way to institutionalise republic in the country.Minister Pokharel said there is a conflict with the Unified CPN (Maoist) as it wishes to put the President in controversy and the UML wants to respect him. He said it is like disrespecting democracy by taking to the streets in the name of civilian supremacy. Mentioning that majority in the Constituent Assembly is actually civilian supremacy, Pokharel said there is no significance of demanding civilian supremacy from the streets by losing majority in the CA. Minister Pokharel opined that no effect will be seen in drafting the new constitution even if the Maoists do not participate. Source: www.ekantipur.com Date: September 12, 2009

Maoists busy in conspiracies: PM Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal on Saturday warned the Maoists not hatch conspiracies to bring about division in the ruling coalition. Addressing a function organized at Modern Kanya Multiple Campus in the capital, the prime minister alleged that the Maoist leadership was engaged in bringing division among coalition partners to topple the government. He claimed that such a conspiracy on the part of the Maoists will not be successful. “The government will last till a fresh election is held after successful completion of the constitution drafting process,” he claimed. The prime minister alleged that the Maoists were trying to lure coalition partners with what he called ´lollipops´ to bring division in the coalition. He was hinting at the reports that Maoists were ready to offer Nepali Congress leader Sujata Koirala a deputy prime ministerial berth. Nepal has so far denied the same for Koirala.

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The prime minister also disclosed that the Maoists had assured him of giving written commitment to extend full support to his government should he allowed discussion on Maoist resolution motion against President Dr Ram Baran Yadav in the parliament. “Such lollipops will not help draft new constitution and move the nation forward,” he added. Addressing the function, NC General Secretary Bimalendra Nidhi said there was no threat to the government from the NC. He said the NC central committee and the party´s parliamentary meeting have decided to extend full support to the government. “The government will not collapse due to uncivil speech of those on the streets,” he said. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 12, 2009

No compromise on five demands: Dr. Bhattarai DOTI, September 12 - Unified CPN (Maoist) Vice Chairman Dr. Baburam Bhattarai Saturday said his party has put forth five major demands before the government and added that it is firm on those demands. There will not be any compromise with the demands of civilian supremacy, correction of President's unconstitutional move to reinstate ‘sacked’ Army chief, constitution writing and national unity government formation, among others, according to him. Dr. Bhattarai was addressing a regional assembly, which was organised as the part of Maoist struggle programmes announced earlier, in Doti district today. "If our demands are not met, we will bring windstorm across the country," he said. Charging that the President is staying at Sheetal Niwas longing for the former king's crown, the Maoist think tank said that situation has come to rarefy it. He further said that the ones who do not like to see people's prosperity have sniped at the civilian supremacy. Dr Bhattarai went on to challenge other political parties for the House discussion on resolution motion against the President. He opined that a national unity government is called for to draft the new constitution within the stipulated timeframe. Source: www.ekantipur.com Date: September 12, 2009

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"High time for decisive revolution" Unified CPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal Saturday said Nepal's political revolution is still not and added it is high time for a decisive revolution. The Maoists have launched fresh protests as the senior leaders of other parties have been unable to give up their status quoits ideology, he opined while inaugurating a plantation programme at Chobar in Kirtipur. He said, "Several revolutions done in the past have only resulted in compromise due to the status quoits ideology of some leaders… The protests this time around will successfully conclude the people-oriented revolution." Former guerrilla leader Dahal who led the Maoists in the decade-long armed conflict said the general public is still apprehensive about the timely drafting of the new constitution. He claimed the Maoist protests are intended to fulfill public aspiration. Source: www.ekantipur.com Date: September 12, 2009

Nepal Maoists cadres on rampage: Minister’s convoy attacked Surendra Pandey, Nepal’s Minister for Finance, was whipped off of Pokhara, Kaski District on Saturday September 12, 2009, by the Maoists cadres. The Minister who had arrived in Chipledhunga of Pokhara at the inauguration ceremony of a News paper was pelted stone by the Maoists cadres and shown black flags. “All of a sudden the Maoists’ cadres begun pelting stones at the Finance Minister’s convoy…the minister preferred not to get out of the vehicle…the security personal immediately brought him to the airport to send him back to Kathmandu”, say reports being made available from Pokhara. Mr. Pandey is a UML leader and a close relative of Jhal Nath Khanal. Addressing a press meet at the Pokhara Airport, said Mr. Pandey, that he will discuss the issue with the high-ranking officers of security machinery. “I take this unfortunate incident as a normal one”, said a shaken Minister Mr. Pandey. The Press meet was organized by the Press Chautari, the UML tilted journalists’ organization. Similarly, the Maoists cadres pelted stones and hoisted black flags at the Minister of Agriculture and Cooperative Mr. Mrigendra Kumar Singh and State Minister for Education Mrs. Karina Begum in the district of Surkhet.

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It appears that the maoists "mean" it! dangerous days ahead, let's presume that. http://www.telegraphnepal.com

Huge Nepal Maoist rally is held Thousands of supporters of Nepal's former Maoist rebels have held a rally in the capital Kathmandu against President Ram Baran Yadav. The president's refusal to dismiss the country's army chief led to the collapse of the previous Maoist-led government in May this year. The Maoists accuse the president of undermining the authority of the civilian government. They say he wrongfully overruled the decision of the cabinet. Speaking at the rally, the Maoist leader and former Prime Minister, Prachanda, threatened to launch a popular movement unless the Maoists were allowed to form a national government again. The BBC's Joanna Jolly in Kathmandu says that many will see the rally as a calculated show of strength by the Maoists. Prachanda said his party was still committed to Nepal's peace process but that his supporters were prepared to fight if the current government did not allow the Maoists back into power. Our correspondent says that the Maoists want the issue of presidential power to be debated in parliament. But Nepal's current coalition government has refused to do this. The Maoists have said that as well as disrupting the workings of parliament they will continue to hold street rallies and protests until this demand is met. However in his speech Prachanda also said he was willing to give the government another chance to resolve the situation and find a way to let the Maoists work in coalition with Nepal's other political parties. http://news.bbc.co.uk

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Sujata tries to woo Nepalis in China Taking advantage of her China visit, Foreign Minister Sujata Koirala on Saturday held an interaction with members of Nepalese community living in Guangdong province and appreciated their efforts in promoting Nepal abroad. During the meeting, according to a press release issued by Nepalese Embassy in Beijing, the Nepali community drew her attention towards making consular services effective and expanding Nepal's trade and tourism. In reply, the minister urged them to promote economic relations between China and Nepal and people-to-people contacts. Also on Saturday, she visited Dongguan city of Guangdong. Chinese officials briefed her about the improvement in life standard of the people living in the city situated as an economic corridor between Guangzhou and Hong Kong. Guangdong has successfully modernised farming and boasts of rapid industrialisation. The foreign minister was impressed by the development of Dongguan and congratulated city officials for their visionary development approach. She also took a tour of Dongguan Exhibition Centre and Cantonese garden and observed the progress made in people's living standards and industrial development. According to the release, Foreign Minister Koirala and members of her delegation are returning to Kathmandu via Hong Kong on Sunday wrapping up the five-day official visit to China. Source: www.ekantipur.com Date: September, 12 2009

Nepal’s Parliament leaders are real criminals: Dr. Bhattarai Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai has said that the first President of the Republic, Dr. Ram Baran Yadav is the new avatar, incarnation, of Nepal’s last Monarch Gyanendra Shah. Dr. Bhattarai made this remark while addressing a mass meet in Dipayal of Doti district, September 12, 2009. “President Ram Baran is the new avatar of Gyanendra”, said Dr. Bhattarai adding that, “Finally, Yadav will also have a fate similar to Gyanendra.” While reminding the leaders of the parliamentary parties that in the year 2052 as the parties had ignored the Maoists 40 Point demands, the party had declared the revolt and eventually the 240 years of Monarchy demolished, he said, “If they ignore our fresh 45 point demands it is certain that the fate of the parties will be akin to the institution of monarchy.”

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Dr. Bhattarai also claimed that the Maoists’ practice of parliamentary system of democracy was much better than what the reactionary parliamentary political parties of Nepal have been practicing. Bhattarai asked, “What crime did we commit while we were in power?” He also said, “The coalition partners who only abide by the diktats of their foreign masters are the real criminals.” “The parliamentary parties of Nepal are conspiring to dissolve the Constituent Assembly”, Dr. Bhattarai also claimed. http://www.telegraphnepal.com

POLICY:

Govt may dump police officials, civil servants: Rawal Home Minister Bhim Rawal said on Saturday that the government could dump civil servants and police personnel if they don´t discharge their duties as per the existing laws. "High-level civil servants and police officials not discharging their duties as per the laws could be dumped," Rawal said while speaking at a function in Banepa. He said his ministry would work as per the existing rules and regulations and would not tolerate pressure from others. He requested political party cadres to rid themselves of the mentality that they can break the law and still go scot-free. "No one from any political party would go scot-free after committing a crime," he said. He argued that the Maoists are yet to detach themselves from the culture of violence. "On the one hand they talk of civilian supremacy and are highlighting the importance of guns on the other. This is contradictory," he said. "Civilian supremacy would not be established just by holding guns," he said, "The Maoists should rather return resized property and help the discharge process for disqualified combatants." He called on the Maoists to let the process of integration and rehabilitation of the Maoist army move ahead if they are really concerned about civilian supremacy. "If the country could have gone republican only through the guns held by the Maoists, why we needed the 19-day mass movement?" he said. He was of the opinion that guns alone cannot bring the desired change in the country. He argued that it was quite natural for the Maoists party to see the current government as illegitimate as the behavior and mentality of the Maoists are wrongful. He argued

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that the Maoists are obstructing parliamentary proceedings for fear that the amount allocated for the grassroots in the current budget would make the government popular. The home minister also claimed that those opposing the special security plan are involved in violent activities. He said that the security situation in the hills and plains has improved massively following implementation of the special security plan. Rawal claimed that the government would not collapse until the new constitution is written. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 12, 2009 Legal experts in Nepal object to changes in judicial system Kathmandu: Legal experts in Nepal have objected to the proposals by the Constituent Assembly's committee on Judicial System, saying if included in the Constitution, they will impair "judicial independence�. The Constitutional Committee recently submitted to the CA the draft of the concept paper on judiciary, which has been opposed by Nepali Congress and CPN-UML lawmakers. As per the proposed provisions, the Parliament will be the final interpreter of the Constitution and the chief justice can be appointed from outside the judicial service. Judges and constitutional experts have objected to such provisions saying, "There will be no judicial independence under the proposed mechanism." Besides, the proposed provisions also authorize the Parliament to appoint judges, as against the existing provision that requires a constitutional council to recommend names for chief justice. "Such a judicial system will not be able to protect the fundamental rights of the individual," said Supreme Court Justice Bala Ram Khatrichhetri. Nepal is signatory to at least three international conventions, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which requires the country to maintain certain standards while framing judicial system, he said. "The concept paper proposed by the Maoists to the Constituent Assembly does not guarantee independence, impartiality and competency of the judiciary," the judge pointed out. However, CA members representing the Unified CPN-Maoist and Madhesi People's Rights Forum had voted in favour of the provisions. Meanwhile, Chief Justice Min Bahadur Rayamajhi has called for the drafting of a Constitution that would ensure a world class judiciary system, stressing on the need to evaluate the "role played by the judiciary in upholding fundamental rights, democracy and constitutionalism." http://www.zeenews.com

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BANKING: Govt-ADB energy talks next week The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will hold loan negotiations with the government on September 17-18 for providing assistance for the country´s energy sector. The financing of the Butwal-Kohalpur 132 kV Second Circuit Transmission Line Project will also be taken up during the negotiations, the ADB said. Confirming the meeting, Anup Kumar Upadhyay, spokesperson of the Ministry of Energy, said, “The meeting is scheduled for September 17 and 18 for the loan negotiations.” A loan amounting to the tune of US$90 million is to be sanctioned under the ADB´s “Access to energy and capacity-building program.” As per the initial understanding, the ADB is to bear almost US$65 million, while the rest is to be incurred by Nepal government. Besides the construction of the transmission lines in various corridors, the loan will be used in construction of substations, grid substations reinforcement strengthening project and distribution system reinforcement project among other projects to be initiated by the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA). The ADB has said that it is planning to finance and strengthen the transmission line from Butwal to Kohalpur and the loan is being processed. The remaining section is being studied for possible inclusion in a follow-up project, once all the social and environment safeguards are adequately addressed and met. The general manager of the Transmission and Systems Operation at the NEA, Yugal Kishor Sah, said that the ADB is keen on developing the Butwal-Kohalpur sector in the first phase. “The negotiations will be held on the much-needed assistance to complete the Butwal-Kohalpur sector,” Sah said. The ADB has proposed to go for an Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) as per its guidelines for the KohalpurMahendranagar sector to be taken up in phase II of the project. The ADB has proposed the EIA as two national wildlife parks are located in the KohalpurMahendranagar sector. The ADB´s commitment for providing assistance to Nepal has come at a time when rumors are afloat that ADB is not willing to sanction loans in the two aforesaid transmission line projects. Kapil Ghimire, the joint-secretary at the Ministry of Finance, said that although the ADB had invited Nepali representatives to its office in Manila, Philippines, the government decided to hold a video conferencing with them from Kathmandu itself “to save cost of the trip.” He informed that the meeting will be attended by the representatives of the ministries of Finance, Energy, Environment, Forests and Law along with NEA officials. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 12, 2009

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Small depositors may get back their partial deposits Small depositors of troubled Nepal Development Bank (NDB), which is subjugated at the Patan Appellate Court for liquidation, could be allowed to withdraw 50 percent of their savings or Rs 200,000, whichever is higher, before the Dashain festival that is a couple of weeks away. The possibility emerged after the court-appointed investigation authority TR Upadhyaya, mandated to suggest norms for refunding savings of small depositors, recommended the county to allow small depositors withdraw part of their savings. The central bank that previously assured the small depositors of getting their deposits back has also given its nod for partial withdrawal. "I made the recommendation considering that many of you might direly need the money to celebrate upcoming festivals," said senior chartered accountant TR Upadhyaya, addressing the depositors and public shareholders of the bank. He, however, clarified that his proposal would need approval of the court to come into implementation. Depositors of the bank said they were hopeful of the court taking ´practical´ considerations while deciding on the matter on Wednesday. Upadhyaya elaborated that he was under a serious pressure of categorizing small depositors from other depositors. "There are small-time depositors as well, and if I say all-time deposit holders are big, then it will be great injustice for them. Unfortunately, the existing laws do not size depositors as small or big," said he. As for the fate of the bank, whose all assets have been frozen and which has been pushed for liquidation by the central bank, Upadhyaya said he was still working on whether the bank can be sustainably restructured. According to the information disseminated at the program, a group led by Badri Bhattarai have submitted NDB revival proposal to the investigation authority, promising to re-inject capital of Rs 640 million -- something that is needed to do away with its negative net worth. The team also includes past promoters and has already deposited capital of Rs 250 million. It has also submitted a commitment of bank guarantee for additional Rs 240 million. The group, however, said that it will generate remaining money by disposing frozen assets of the bank and recovering Rs 90 million that the bank has deposited in Nepal Cooperatives. Responding to NDB depositors and shareholders, Upadhyaya said it would be in the interest of both individual depositors and shareholders to revive the bank than liquidate it. "But it is difficult to convince over the proposal submitted so far. I cannot say NRB to release the assets as well," said Upadhyaya. He further added that he would report his suggestions to the court soon. Based on his report, the court will decide on whether to grant permission to NRB to liquidate the bank. NRB lodged a petition at the Patan Appellate Court in June after its June 2 board meeting decided to send the long-troubled bank into liquidation, concluding that all its

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five-year long effort to revive the bank failed because of incompetent and defiant management. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 13, 2009

BUSINESS & ECONOMY: Essential products under a single roof Nepal Business and Consumer Expo, a four-day event being held at the Bhrikuti Mandap Exhibition Hall offers diverse products for consumers under a single roof. The expo, organized by Sutra International, has 102 stalls that feature products ranging from cosmetics, kitchen items, computer, mobiles, food and beverages, stationeries, apparel, footwears and many more. "Almost all the stalls in the expo are offering special discounts to costume�s," says Sunil Bista, manager of the event. "Our main aim is to provide a homely environment to our visitors and bring all necessary stuffs under a single roof." Samsung Mobile store is one such attraction that sports solar and waterproof mobiles. A solar mobile with FM radio, flashlight, solar cell battery and mobile tracker technology is priced at Rs 5,010. Another waterproof and dust resistant mobile with anti-shock body, however, is priced at Rs 11,200. Other features of this set includes bluetooth, 1.3mp camera and 7MB internal memory among others. Samsung is also promoting its star mobile that costs Rs 17,970. Samsung is giving a scratch coupon to its customers, offering them chance to win 40 tolas of gold and 100 kilos of silver. Chinese mobiles that are being sold by Exxon Mobile are another major attractions in the expo. Exxon is offering Chinese mobiles in the range of Rs 3,500 to Rs 9,000. Exxon is giving away Kingston pen-drive or a wrist watch and card reader against the purchase of mobile sets, telephone sets and mobile speakers. Robin Traders, which sells cosmetic products for men and women by a Malaysian brand Unza, is also offering gift hampers worth Rs 600 to its customers. Robin Traders sells Dashing and Romano as men products and Enchanter as women product. Plastic wares, e-bike, fitness equipment, computers are other attractions of the show. "Fashion show and concert are the other reasons because of which the expo has been able to draw huge crowd," added Bista. The expo concludes on September 13. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 13, 2009

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HAN hails Nepal-India revised ASA KATHMANDU: Hotel Association Nepal (HAN) welcomed the revised Air Service Agreement (ASA) and technical accord between Nepal and India. “Increased capacity and opening of Gorakhpur, Deharadun and Bagdogra as new points for Nepal are laudable,” said HAN adding that the MoU for opening new points such as Goa, Amritsar, Thiruvanthapuram, Vishakhapatanam and Cochin in addition to earlier limited seven destinations in India is also praiseworthy. It hailed the installation of VSAT at TIA and fifth freedom traffic rights to Nepal. HAN strongly believes the new understanding will enhance Nepal’s tourism sector and also be effective in meeting the target of bringing in a million tourists in 2011. http://www.thehimalayantimes.com

GENERAL: Nepal’s Pashupati temple losing Rs 190,000 daily in tourist revenue Kathmandu: The locking up of the offices of Pashupatinath temple managing committee by Maoist activists has caused a daily loss of Rs 190,000 (NRs 300,000) in tourist revenue to the body for the last 12 day The Maoists, agitating against the appointment of Indian priests at the temple, have padlocked the offices, including three tourist counters at the Pashupatinath temple. The activists had earlier this month stormed the Pashupatinath Area Development Trust building and locked its offices. The protesters also assaulted the Indian priests. While the Maoists withdrew their aggressive protests to allow regular worshipping at the holy Hindu shrine, they have not yet unlocked the main office building and the tourist counters, said a PADT member. He said the temple is therefore suffering daily 300,000 Nepalese rupees. As many as 600 foreigners, excluding Indians, visit the Pashupatinath temple on an average daily and they have to pay Rs 500 as entrance fee. However, Indian pilgrims are allowed free entrance to the temple. Meanwhile, PADT's member secretary Shushil Nahata accused the Maoists of attacking and vandalizing his personal office on the outskirts of Kathmandu last evening. "Four Maoist cadres came and they thrashed the staff at my personal office... They even abused and threatened me before leaving the place," Nahata told a press conference. http://www.zeenews.com

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Bloody end of a Maoist's illicit love affair Though the Maoists have all along been accusing the Youth Force and the police of killing Rajendra Phuyal, a Maoist cadre, investigation has revealed that Phuyal had committed suicide following an illicit relationship with a woman. Immediately following Phuyal´s death on June 11, Maoists wreaked havoc in the capital and also called for Valley Bandh on June 15. They claimed the Youth Force abetted by the police had engineered his ´murder´. The Maoists denied the TU Teaching Hospital´s postmortem report, which stated that Phuyal had consumed a poison called Metacid and demanded a fresh autopsy. Meanwhile, the government formed an investigation panel led by Joint Attorney General Yubaraj Subedi on June 19 and the panel later submitted its report, which stated that Phuyal had committed suicide. The investigation concludes that Phuyal, 37, met the worst end of his illicit relationship with a woman who stayed in Balaju. The police have arrested the woman tracking call details on the mobile phone used by Phuyal. The woman has a daughter and is wife to a man who works abroad. The woman revealed that Phuyal courted her as an influential Maoist cadre and both had sexual relations for months. “While he stayed with me in my rented room for months, he promised to marry me. However, we often had heated arguments over his family. He was often tense over family and party affairs,” she said in her statement to the police. The woman, who was smitten by the Kathmandu CA no 2 in-charge Phuyal, said that she many a times snatched poison from him when he was quite about to consume it in her toilet. She also hinted in the statement that Phuyal was involved with another girl living in the same flat. “He would also take me to the functions organized by his party. But when he called me ´comrade´ and with words of honor, I would feel embarrassed. Once, I also went to his home at Kavresthali and then rebuked him for introducing me to his family as a friend. I think his family by then might have sensed that we were having an affair,” she says in the statement. After she knew of Phuyal´s suicide, she was frightened and shifted her residence to another place, investigation officials said. The police had found Phuyal in an unconscious state with froth in mouth in Dharmasthali on June 11. He died on the way to hospital. When he couldn´t be identified, the police had sent his body for postmortem at the TU Teaching Hospital. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 12, 2009

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Flood impact on Nepali households to increase by 40pc: Study A recent study on the impact of climate change on Nepal´s development and climate change induced uncertainties has concluded that the increase in the number and intensity of natural disasters will prevent many Nepali households from breaking through the poverty line. It has projected that the flood impact on each household will double and the number of households affected directly will increase by 40 per cent. "As temperatures increase and the climate becomes more erratic, the incidence of forest fires may increase, thereby reducing the amount of mean residual energy available in forests for use by local communities," the report titled "Vulnerability through the Eyes of the Vulnerable: Climate Change Induced Uncertainties and Nepal´s Development Predicaments" prepared by national and international experts with support states. Stating that Nepal´s population is now leaning toward the service sector (as opposed to the manufacturing sector), which is less resource intensive and polluting than fossil fuel-based industrial production, it said the government´s existing energy policy is inadequate to respond to the future challenges. The report funded by UK´s Department for International Development added that Nepal is burdened by a slow-growing, supply driven-energy monopoly. In addition, the government´s subsidization of electricity for a few (5% of rural and 20% of urban dwellers), and imported petroleum products indirectly taxes the most vulnerable sections. Drawing analysis from eight significant events -- 1998 Rohini River flooding and other floods in Tarai, last year´s Koshi embankment breach and floods in the farwestern region, 1993 mid-mountain cloudbursts and floods, recent glacial lake outburst, 2008-09 winter drought, and this year´s forest fires across the Himalayan region and the cholera epidemic in the far and mid-western hills -- and unusual rainfall pattern, the report concludes that the intensity and frequency of these events means that development planning must learn to deal with increased intensities of such disasters. Moreover, it said the country´s institutions and governance structures must "improve substantially" if such events are to be highly minimized. The report, prepared by Nepal Climate Vulnerability Study Team and published by Institute for Social and Environmental Transition Nepal, specifies three recommendations. First, provisioning reliable supply of electricity can function as "an essential gateway service to help build people´s adaptive capacities through income diversification." It said empowering local institutions to implement decentralized renewable energy systems already found in Nepal, including solar, small and medium-scale hydroelectricity, wind and biogas systems will halt the widespread burning of biomass as well as create many "green jobs." This will also reduce emissions and reverse the ongoing loss in the "sequestering potential of Nepal´s national and community forests."

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Second, developed nations should pay Nepal energy compensation for exposing it to climate stresses associated with fossil fuel which will provide financial incentives to switch away from fossil fuel to an adaptive and non-polluting development pathways. The cost of this would be about US$44 million per year for next 20 years. Third, the government must introduce well-designed incentives and policies that help channel remittance inflows towards climate-resilient investments. The report also quotes the latest GCM (General Circulation Model) projections that indicate an increase in temperature over Nepal of 0.5-2.0 degree Celsius with a multimodel mean of 1.4 degree Celsius, by the 2030s, rising to 3.0-6.3 degree Celsius, with a multi-model mean of 4.7 degree Celsius, by the 2090s. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 12, 2009 Korea arrests 16 Nepalis South Korea has arrested a huge number of migrant workers including 16 Nepalis ahead of a planned crackdown on illegal migrants scheduled for October and November. Some workers arrested have been deported to their home countries and others are being kept at detention centers for lack of legal documents in their possession. Most of the Nepalis, who have been over-staying their visas, are taking refuge at religious and labor shelters. Following the arrests, a sizable number of workers are also quitting their jobs and going into hiding to avoid the police. Contrary to widespread expectation that the Korean government would begin its crackdown in October or November, it has intensified measures to take illegal migrants under control. The government had announced its plan to clean up illegal migration and requested the workers to voluntarily return to their home countries before the crackdown. Migrant workers have become terrified as security personnel are picking up suspected migrants from their lodgings and from public roads. According to David Rai, president of Nepali Coordination Committee of Korea, reports of Nepalis being arrested have been coming every day. “Most Nepali workers have not revealed their names as they fear being deported immediately,” said Rai. On Thursday alone, three Nepalis including a pregnant woman were arrested while returning from shopping after their day´s work. “We have asked the Korean government to allow the pregnant woman to remain in Korea,” said Rai. Three days before her arrest, three other Nepali women were cornered in Seoul. About 11 Nepalis were also arrested from two cities near Seoul earlier this week. It is likewise reported that some other Nepalis have been netted in other industrial cities.

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Rai said most of the arrests were made not at work places but at lodgings and public places, which is against the prevailing practice in Korea. Some of the women workers are pregnant and ill. South Korea has set out a plan to crack down in October and November against foreign workers overstaying their visas. With the fresh move by Korea, it is expected that more than 3,000 Nepalis will be forced to leave Korea immediately. Local human rights groups have shown concern over possible violation of human rights and suppression of foreign workers in the name of flushing them out. The Ministry of Law in Korea had designated this month as a period for ´voluntary exit´ by foreign workers and asked them to leave the country before the government initiates action against them. The Korean government has also taken a firm decision to impose a penalty of US$ 1,700 and suspend permission for three years from employers hiring illegal migrants. About half the estimated 7,000 Nepalis living in Korea are overstaying their visas. Source: www.myrepublica.com Date: September 13, 2009

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