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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary

Prepared for NHS Kirklees, Kirklees Council and West Yorkshire Police September 2009 Revised for publication October 2009

Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85


Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary

BACKGROUND NHS Kirklees, Kirklees Council and West Yorkshire Police have worked in partnership to develop a ‘Young People’s Survey’ (YPS) for 2009 and future years. This survey brings together the previous year 9 ‘young people’s health survey’ carried out by NHS Kirklees every 2 years; the year 9 physical activity survey carried out by Kirklees Council’s Culture & Leisure service every 2 years; some questions from the ‘Tell Us’ survey (a statutory annual survey of year 6, 8 and 10 pupils carried out by the Department for Children, Schools and Families); and questions to inform the work of West Yorkshire Police. By working in partnership we are able to ensure the survey is not duplicated; we obtain a single source of intelligence that can be shared across partners consistently in commissioning and developing service actions; we benefit from cost savings; and provide better value for money. AIM & OBJECTIVES The overall aim of the partnership survey is to gather comprehensive data on health, lifestyle and perceptions of the local area from year 9 pupils across Kirklees. The objectives of the YPS are: •

to increase understanding of the needs, behaviours and views of young people to inform commissioning and service provision;

to compare the views of young people with the adult (18+) population, look at trends over time and explore demographic differences in the behaviour and views of young people;

to update intelligence about young people to inform key strategic documents including the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA), the Children’s Plan and the Community Cohesion Strategy.

METHOD •

Swift Research Ltd was commissioned to print questionnaires; carry out data input and analysis; and produce reports and other outputs specified by the YPS project board.

26 out of 27 schools in Kirklees agreed to participate in the YPS.

Questionnaires were distributed by school nurses to 26 schools across Kirklees.

The questionnaires were filled in by year 9 pupils under exam conditions for confidentiality and consistency. School nurses were on hand for any questions.

The total survey sample is 4041 year 9 pupils.

Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary

KEY FINDINGS OVERVIEW – HAS THE 2009 PICTURE IMPROVED? 

Generally, findings are very positive, with many key indicators having improved compared to previous years



Good levels of health



More pupils eating breakfast & consistent levels of eating 5+ fruit & veg



A higher proportion happy with their weight



Fewer pupils having tried smoking & fewer starting under 10 years



Fewer pupils having tried alcohol & fewer drinking regularly…



BUT regular drinkers are more likely to get drunk



Fewer pupils have tried illegal drugs



Fewer pupils have had sexual intercourse



Fewer pupils are concerned over their appearance….



BUT more this year have an issue with body size



More pupils are confident in their appearance….



BUT more want to change their looks



Fewer pupils bullied / bullying



Poor satisfaction with local area



Poor satisfaction with local activities

Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary KEY FINDINGS/ INDICATORS Key: JSNAI = indicator included in 2009 JSNA LAAI = indicator in Local Area Agreement

General health ⇒ Reasonably high levels of health - maintained from 2005 / 2007 surveys – 90% claiming good health ⇒ Asthma is the most common ailment – almost a fifth have it (consistent with 2007) (JSNAI) ⇒ Consistent with 2005/2007 studies, the majority of pupils clean their teeth on a daily basis – (JSNAI), with four fifths cleaning teeth twice a day Food ⇒ Just over half of pupils eat before school – significantly more than in 2007 (JSNAI) ⇒ As in previous surveys, the vast majority eat fresh fruit/vegetables/juice daily, with just over half (55%) getting their daily 5+ ⇒ Almost two of every 5 pupils is currently dieting / doing something to lose weight… ⇒ BUT half are happy with their weight – an upward shift since since the 2007 survey Smoking ⇒ One third of pupils have tried smoking; a significant reduction from 2005 / 2007 surveys ⇒ Average age of first smoking is 12 years – relatively unchanged year on year, but the proportion starting under 10 years has fallen significantly from 2007 (JSNAI) ⇒ 10% of all Year 9 pupils currently smoke - falling slightly since 2007 (by 5% points) (JSNAI) ⇒ Two fifths of pupils have adults smoking in household - fallen year on year ⇒ A quarter of smokers are content to keep smoking (JSNAI), BUT three quarters are considering stopping; showing that support could benefit Alcohol ⇒ Two thirds of pupils have tried alcohol (down from 2007) ⇒ The average age of first drink is 11.5 years - the proportion having their first drink under 10 years (13%) has significantly fallen year on year (JSNAI) ⇒ Two fifths of pupils drink regularly (weekly +) – this is significantly lower than 2005 and 2007 levels (could be related to drinking awareness campaigns?) (JSNAI) ⇒ Half of Year 9 pupils claim to have been drunk ⇒ Although fewer pupils drink regularly, there is a significant increase in the proportion who have been drunk from 2007 survey ⇒ 6% have been drunk weekly or more often – unchanged year on year (JSNAI) ⇒ 12% of pupils claim to drink alone - consistent year on year (JSNAI)

Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary Drugs ⇒ 12% of all pupils have tried illegal drugs; a significant decrease year on year (JSNAI) ⇒ Cannabis is the most tried drug, with 11% of the total sample having tried it (usage fallen from previous years) (JSNAI) ⇒ 3% of all pupils use it monthly or more (JSNAI) ⇒ 4% of the total sample claim to have been ‘out of control’ through drugs at some point ⇒ 8% of those having tried drugs have been ‘out of control’ monthly or more often (JSNAI) ⇒ Almost two fifths of pupils’ family/friends use drugs (fallen from previous surveys) Sexual Health ⇒ Encouragingly only 13% of pupils surveyed have had sexual intercourse (JSNAI) decreased significantly from 2007 ⇒ Almost two thirds (63%) of sexually active pupils first had intercourse aged 13 or less (JSNAI) ⇒ Four fifths (82%) of those sexually active have used contraception (JSNAI) ⇒ 9% are worried about their sexual development – a significant decrease from 2007 (JSNAI) Appearance ⇒ One fifth of pupils is concerned over their physical development (JSNAI) – a fall from 2007 figures ⇒ Just over half (52%) of pupils have some issue with body size - risen significantly since 2007 ⇒ With girls more likely to believe they are too fat and boys feeling they are too thin ⇒ The proportion perceiving they are too fat has risen significantly ⇒ Two thirds are confident in their appearance (increasing from 2007 to 67%), BUT a higher proportion want to change their looks (47%) Physical activities ⇒ A low proportion of pupils are currently missing physical activities o The most common reasons to miss are knee, bone and ankle problems ⇒ Overall, taking into account all activities taken part in, the average amount of minutes spent per week is 724 (103 minutes / day) – this has fallen slightly from 2008 levels (JSNAI) ⇒ Rounders is the most popular activity during lesson time followed by football and cricket ⇒ Football becomes the most popular activity at: o Lunchtime o After school club o Organised after school clubs o Free time activities ⇒ Football and cricket are significantly the most popular activities for males and dancing and running/athletics are significantly the most popular activities for females ⇒ The most common activity at home is ‘hoovering’ (significantly more females); with males more likely to ‘cut the grass’ ⇒ Walking to school is the most popular ‘walking’ activity ⇒ Football is the activity that is most desired locally, especially more places to play it ⇒ ‘I don’t have time’ is a key reason for pupils not taking part in physical activities Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary Feelings and emotions ⇒ Generally self-confidence is high amongst pupils, with only 4% stating they are ‘never happy with self’ – unchanged year on year (JSNAI) ⇒ But those ‘always’ happy with self have significantly decreased from 2007 ⇒ Two thirds of pupils are happy at school (JSNAI) ⇒ Just over one third (37%) of pupils have trouble sleeping - significantly increased from 2007 (33%) and 2005 (32%) (JSNAI) ⇒ One fifth feel they have someone to talk about their problems with (JSNAI) ⇒ Pupils most frequently ‘feel angry’ over any other mood (JSNAI) ⇒ These mood type figures have however generally dropped since 2007 and 2005 ⇒ The exception is ‘gone of food or overeaten’, which has significantly increased from 2005 ⇒ Pupils tend to be most concerned over ‘how they look’ - significantly increased from 2007 ⇒ All other issues have remained static over the years ⇒ Pupils generally have good relationships; particularly with family and other pupils (JSNAI) (less so with staff) ⇒ This has remained static over the years Bullying at school ⇒ Two fifths of pupils (40%) have been bullied in school - a significant drop from 2007 and 2005 (LAAI) ⇒ Frequency of bullying has fallen when compared to 2007 and 2005 ⇒ 21% bully on a weekly basis, significantly fallen from 2005 (JSNAI) ⇒ One fifth (22%) of the sample have bullied other pupils – a significant drop year on year (JSNAI) ⇒ Almost one fifth (17%) of the sample are afraid of school due to bullying, but this has fallen from 2007 ⇒ A third of pupils who have been bullied have been afraid of going to school for this reason ⇒ Almost a third of pupils believe that their school does not deal well with bullying – leaving some room for improvement General views on local area ⇒ Two thirds of pupils are happy with their local area - significantly lower than adults in 2008 (LAAI for adults) ⇒ Half of pupils agree that different backgrounds get on well – higher than adults in 2008 (LAAI for adults) ⇒ Over four fifths (84%) agree that different ages get on well - significantly higher than adults in 2008 (LAAI for adults) Crime and safety ⇒ The main issues are rubbish, drugs, vandalism & teenagers hanging around - consistent with 2008 adults, but felt less strongly in this study ⇒ Feelings of safety are reasonable across all areas – similar to adults in 2008 ⇒ Pupils feel most safe in school but least safe on public transport ⇒ PCSO’s are valued, with three fifths (61%) claiming PCSO’s make them feel safer Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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Young People’s Survey 2009 Executive Summary ⇒ All areas of policing are perceived to be reasonably well carried out, with at least 50% of pupils rating all services as being conducted well (quite/very) ⇒ Arresting criminals is perceived to be the area best fulfilled by police Activities in your area ⇒ Two fifths of pupils rate local play areas as being good ⇒ Only one fifth of pupils rate local activities as needing no improvement, leaving much scope for improvement in the eyes of this age group. Getting involved ⇒ One fifth of the sample have given views on the local area in one of the ways offered – questionnaire most popular ⇒ Almost four fifths (77%) of the sample have done something to help family or friends ⇒ Views on the local area are not broadly felt to be listened to BUT views on the running of school are more positive Improving your area ⇒ Key issues for most PCT areas to make a better place to live are: ⇒ ‘More or better shops’ / ‘more or better sports centres’ ⇒ ‘More or better activities for children and young people’ ⇒ ‘More or better park spaces’ ⇒ Key to making life better for pupils is ‘More places where can hang out with friends’ ⇒ Followed by ‘help plan for future’ and ‘more organised activities and things to do’

WHAT HAPPENS NEXT Whilst the results for Kirklees overall from the YPS are generally positive there are some important differences and areas of concern at the level of localities and individual schools. There are also some key distinctions between demographic groups which need further exploration. School nurses will work with individual school head teachers to identify issues and areas for action at school level, supported by the Healthy Schools team and other relevant services. Locality and Kirklees-wide issues identified in the YPS will be shared with all services, teams and individuals in NHS Kirklees, council and police involved in commissioning or providing services for children and young people.

Swift Research Limited. Concept House Sandbeck Way Wetherby West Yorkshire LS22 7DN Telephone: +44 (0)1937 543600 Fax: +44 (0)1937 543610 Email: info@swift-research.co.uk www.swift-research.co.uk inner:visions, inner:sense, small:talk, web:sense, fem:talk and body:talk are brands of Swift Research Limited Registered in England No. 3151774 VAT No. 418 0062 85

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http://www.kirklees.nhs.uk/fileadmin/documents/publications/Young_People_s_Survey_2009_Executive_Sum