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Evolution of the civil war By: Mack Drury


Industrialization 

Industrialization began in the United states in the early 1800’s continued steadily up to and through the American Civil War.

The industrial boom had major effects on the lives of the American People. The availability of jobs in industries drew people from farms to cites.

Allowed many opportunities for financial gain for the wealthy


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Abolitionists 

The abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that valued personal freedom and believed “all men are created equal.”

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, declared ratified on December 18, 1865, ended slavery in the United States.

William Llyod, John Brown, Frederick Douglass, Henry Ward Beecher, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman where all abolitionists during the Civil War.


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Union/Confederacy 

The economy was the South’s biggest weakness and the North’s biggest strength. They had plenty of factories and railroads, and also controlled the sea.

The Union won the war because General Lee surrendered to General Grant.

Our local courthouse was burned down during the civil war.


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Robert E. Lee 

Following the war Lee was almost tried as a traitor, but was only left with his civil rights suspended.

On April 20, 1861, at the outbreak of the American Civil War, he resigned his commission and three days later was appointed by Governor John Letcher of Virginia to be commander in chief of the military and naval forces of the state.

Lee's greatest victory was the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863.


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General Grant 

Lincoln appointed Grant General-in-Chief of the Union Army in March 1864.

As the Civil War reached its peak, Grant sought to win control of the Mississippi Valley. In February 1862, he took Fort Donelson in Tennessee, which was the first Union victory of strategic importance.

General Grant's military strategy was on target as he defeated General Lee at Petersburg. Finally, on April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House.


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Anaconda Plan 

It called for the blockade of southern ports and in taking control of the Mississippi River to cut the South in two.

The first military strategy offered to President Abraham Lincoln for crushing the rebellion of Southern states was devised by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott.

The United States ultimately adopted the Anaconda Plan, with alterations. The blockade was to remain central to the Union strategy, but land offensives would also be launched in an effort to take the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.


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Emancipation Proclamation 

Lincoln first proposed the idea of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet in the summer of 1862 as a war measure to cripple the Confederacy.

The Proclamation allowed for African-Americans to join the Union’s armed forces, and by the end of the war nearly 200,000 would honorably serve.

Initially the Proclamation applied just to the states in rebellion, but it paved the way for the 13th Amendment, adopted on December 6, 1865, which officially abolished slavery in the United States.


Emancipation Proclamation

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Black soldiers in the Civil War (54th Massachusetts Regiment) 

In 1862, President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation opened the door for African Americans to enlist in the Union Army.

By the end of the war, approximately 180,000 African-American soldiers had joined the fight.

African-American soldiers comprised about 10 percent of the Union Army. It is estimated that one-third of all African Americans who enlisted lost their lives.


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Diseases from the Civil War 

Diseases in the civil war were dysentery, typhoid fever, ague, yellow fever, malaria, scurvy, pneumonia, tuberculosis, smallpox, chicken pox, scarlet fever, measles, mumps, and whooping cough.

Dysentery was the number one killer during the Civil War. Victims get severe diarrhea with passage of mucous and blood.

These diseases don’t even count the infection and gangrene that were common with wounded soldiers.


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Federalism 

The federal and state both collect taxes and many other things. This can also create conflict between them because they are sharing power.

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The U.S. Constitution grants the federal government with power over issues of national concern, while the state governments, generally, have jurisdiction over issues of domestic concern.

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Federalism is the division of power between the federal and state governments.


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Evolution of the civil war