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ttzaung November, 2010

3


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November, 2010

5


aiG a wmif * sme,f

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November, 2010

7


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rqDrqdki fvufyHom;"g;eJ@csKdi f KnIA: 20, October

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KSWDC: atmufwdkbm 25

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November, 2010

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9


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vlxkpDrHcef@cGJr_qdki f&m txl;oifwef;qif;yGJusif;yjyD;pD; 30/ atmufwb kd m?

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tpnf;wdk@rSyl;aygif;I u&ifeDvli,f armifr,f (6)OD;tm; 2010-jynfEh pS /f Zlvikd v f rS atmufwkd bmvuket f xd (4)vwm oifwef; zGiv hf pS af y;cJ&h m/ oifwef; ausmif;wGif oifwef;qif;yGJ oifwef;qif;yGJodk@ u&ifeD 2010-jynfhESpf/ atmufwdkbmv wpf&yfukd atmifjrifpmG usi;f y+yD;pD;cJh Edik if aH wmfacgi;f aqmifrsm;/ q&m/ q (30) &ufae@wiG f u&ifev D rl z_ @HG òzd;a&; a=umif;od&&dS ygonf? &mrrsm;/ Earth rights Inter10

= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


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tifwmeufuaz;rsm; n (8)em&DtxdomzGi fh&eftrdef@xkwf KSWDC: Ed0k ifbmv-(2)&uf?

2010-jynfEh pS /f atmufwkd bmv (15)&ufae@rpS I u&ifejD ynf/ vG d K if a umf ò rd @ ay:&S d Internet cafe qdik rf sm;udk n(8;00)em&Dtxd omzGi&hf ef vGKid af umf'uprª;rS trde@f xkwjf yefxm;a=umif;od&&dS onf? TuJo h @kd vkyaf qmifvm& jcif;rSm 2010-jynfEh pS /f Ed0k ifbmv(7)

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rsm;rS n (10;00) em&Dausmf tjyif rxGuf=u&ef trdef@xyfrHxkwfjyef xm;a=umif;ESifh òrd@t0if§txGuf *dwfrsm;wGifvnf; ppfaq;r_rsm;ydkrdk wif ; usyf p G m vk y f a qmif v #uf & S d a=umif; od&&dS ygonf?

aumif;bGKd ifAv kd }f uD;rsm;ESiu hf q H ;kd olr,f&iS f KSWDC: Ed0k ifbm(3)/ 2010?

u&ifeDjynf/ 'Darmqdkòrd@ e,f/ xD;zdk;uvdk;tajcpdkuf cr&(427)wyfrS Adv k }f uD;ausmo f al tmif ESifh Adkvf}uD;a&$vif;atmifwdk@ESpfOD; atmufwdkbmv(26)&ufae@wGif aoewfypfòydif vufujrif;=u&m uH

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r0u&kH;ESifhwyfpcef;vHkòcHa&; aus;&GmOuUXrsm;udk uif;csay; KSWDC: Ed0k ifbm(3)/ 2010?

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November, 2010

11


aiG a wmif * sme,f 0efus t&m&Sdrsm;uvnf; aus;&Gm tkyfpkOuUXrsm;udk wyfpcef;rsm;odk@ vma&mufapmift h yd cf ikd ;f v#u&f o dS nf [k owif;&&So d nf? tqdkygetz cr&-(427)

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zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpkay:xGef;a&;aumfrwDtpnf;ta0;usif;y+yD;pD; CEFU: 6 November

zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpk ay: xGef;a&;aumfrwD tpnf;ta0;w &yftm; xdik ;f Edik if /H vGwaf jrmufe,f ajrwae&mwGifusif;y&m etzESifh typf&yfxm;aomwdik ;f &if;om; vuf eufuikd t f iftm;pkrsm;ESihf qufvuf wdu k cf u kd af eqJjzpfonfh wdik ;f &if;om; tiftm;pk (6) zG@J jzpfonfh ucsiv f w G f ajrmufa&;tpnf;t&H;k (KIO)/ rGef jynfopfygwD(NMSP)/ &Srf;jynf pOf 1? 2? 3? 4?

trnf Adv k cf sKyftrfbefvS Adv k cf sKyfrw l al p;zd;k Edik [ f o H m a&$rsK;d oef@

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11, November

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November, 2010

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rnfppkH rf;qJyeG af csmif;&Gmom;.EG m; wpfaumifeif;rdaygufuGJojzifh rdkif; a=u;[kqu kd m EGm;ydik &f iS t f m; '%faiG (80000) usyw f w d d (&Spaf omif;usy)f ay;avsmfapcJha=umif;od&Sd&onf? EGm;wpfaumifv;kH .tom;udk etz wyfrsm;u ckwyf ikd ;f pm;oH;k cJ+h yD; EGm;ydik f &Sit f m; EGm;aygiw f zufomjyefvnf ay;cJha=umif; KSWDC Mine Risk Education field worker wpfOD;rS owif;ay;ydk@cJh

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u&ifet D rsK;d om;wd;k wuf a&;ygw/D ta&;ay:ygwAD [dak umfrwD tpnf;ta0;w&yftm; u&ifeDt rsKd;om;wdk;wufa&;ygwDxdef;csKyf&m e,fajrwae&mwGif 2010-jynfhESpf/ Edk0ifbmv (22) &ufae@rS (23) &ufae@txd usif;yðyvkyfcJh&m t pnf;ta0;odk@ u&ifeDtrsKd;om;wdk; wuf a &;ygwD t+rJ w rf ; ygwD A [d k aumfrwDrsm;/ ygwDA[dkaumfrwD 0ifrsm;/ ygwt D &HA[dk aumfrwD0ifrsm; pHn k pD mG wufa&mufc=hJ uygonf? tpnf ; ta0;wG i f t a&; }uD;aom u¾rsm;tjzpf jynfol@ aqG;aEG;cJ=h uygonf? v$wfawmfzGJ@pnf;jcif;ESifhywfoufI pmrlay;ydk@&ef vnf;aumif;/ zuf'&,fjynfaxmif pkay:xGe;f a&;aumfrwDEiS yhf wfoufI 1? udak tmifqef;jrif/h email: ttzaung@gmail.com aomfvnf;aumif;/ vwfwavm a&G; 2? a&$rsK;d oef@ email: tawthikho@gmail.com aumufyGJ&vm'fESifh aemufqufwGJ tvm; tvmrsm;ESifhywfoufI P.O Box-(6), Mae Hong Son 58000 14

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twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

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November, 2010

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= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

jyef;xefpmG aoG;tm;enf;jcif;/ aoG;xJ rSm&Sw d hJ o=um; "gwaf wGusqif;oGm; jcif;/ tqkwx f aJ &0ifjcif;/ ausmuf uyfysupf ;D oGm;jcif;/ qD;xJaoG;ygvm jcif;/ (eD/ rJ) qD;vH;k 0roGm;awmhjcif;/ oGm;zH;k uaeaoG;xGuv f mjcif;/ ud, k f 0efaqmiftrsK;d orD;rsm;taeeJ@q&dk if uk, d 0f efysuu f somG ;jcif; tp&Sw d hJ a0 'em vuQ%mawGcpH m;&ygvrd rhf ,f? pm&_orl sm;taeeJ@ iSuzf sm; a&m*g[m b,f a vmuf a wmif tE &W m,f&dS w,fqw dk muko d ;kH oyfryd g vdrrhf ,f? 'Dae@wpfcsK‹d aom vlawG[m rdrb d 0&Jt h ajccHtusq;kH aom t&m awGudk ykdifqkdifzkd@&eftwGuf usef;rm jcif; od@k r[kwf use;f rma&;[m t"du a&aomufjrpfjzpfw,f qkdwmukdarh avsmh a ewwf = uw,f ? qk d a wmh pm&_olwkd@zwf&_cJh&wJh twkdif;yJb,f a&m*ga0'emrqkd umuG,fjcif;qkd wm&S d y gw,f v k d @ pma&;ol t aeeJ @ vufw‹kd +yD; today;csiyf gw,f? a&m *gwpfckeJ@ umuG,fjcif;qkdwm t+rJ 'Gew f aGJ eygw,f 'DvsKS ‹d 0u S cf suu f dk od &if usef;rma&;eJ@jynfhpHkwJh vlwpf a,muf j zpf z k d @ od y f r cJ , Of ; ygbl ; ? txufrmS zwf&c_ &hJ wJh twkid ;f yJ iSuf zsm;a&m*guae uif;a0;atmif jcif uku d rf cH&atmif umuG,zf @dk bjJ zpfyg w,f? jcifuu dfk w f wfwt hJ csed af wG (ae 0ifcsdefrSaexGufcsdeftwGif;) tvkyf vkycf sed rf sm;tygt0if tuFsv D uf&n S /f abmif ; bD & S n f r sm; 0wf + yD ; awmh ta&jym;ukdzHk;tkyfumuG,fyg/ jcif axmifukdpepfuspGmtoHk;ðyyg qkdwJh ae&mrSm jcifaxmiftem;pukd zsm atmufrmS aocsmpGmzdxm;jcif;ukd qkd vkyd gw,f? 'gt h jyiftrd w f iG ;f / tdrjf yif rSm&Sw d hJ a&odak vSmifwhJ tk;d cGu/f a&yH;k / a&td;k awGudk zH;k tkyx f m;zd@k ? tdref @J &mG

wJhta=umif;awG tao;pdwf&Sif;jy vku d w f ,f? tJ'gtjyif iSuzf sm;a&m*g ukdjzpfapwJ@ yvmpykd'D,mrfazmfpDy &rf/ yvmprk'd , D rfAidk ;f Auf/ yvmprk'd D ,rfrav;&D;a&;/ yvmprkd'D,rftkd aA;vf qkw d u hJ yfyg;a&m*gy;dk av;rsK;d &Sd wJt h =umif; xyfrjH znfh pGu&f iS ;f jyvku d f w,f? 'Dawmht"dujzpfwJh iSufzsm; a&m*gud k ó ud w if u muG , f w J h t a=umif;ukd xyfr+H y;D awmh ajymjy&r,f qkd&if tdrfywf0ef;usifeJ@&GmtwGif; jcifawG raygufyGm;rckdatmif;Ekdif atmif a&ajrmif;/ a&tkdifawGzkd@ypf wmwk@d csKH EG,f yde;f aygi;f awGucdk w k yf pf wmwkd@ vkyfzdk@vdkwJhta=umif;t&m awG ajymjyjzpfcJhw,f? 'ghtjyifus aemf w k d @ aexk d i f w J h t&yf r S m qk d & if (PF)eJ@(PV) qkw d hJ a&m*gtrsK;d t pm;ESpfrsKd;u tjzpfrsm;avh&Sdw,f? ykq d ;kd wmuawmh a&G@ajymif;tvkyo f rm;awGeJ@ a&$@ajymif;tajccsaexkdif =uwJh vlawGtjzpfrsm;avh&Sdw,f bma=umifv h q J adk wmh e,fajra'o tajymif;tvJa=umif&h ,f &moDOwk tajymif;tvJa=umif&h ,f jzpfw,f iSuzf sm;a&m*gu ylaEG;pkpd w G w f &hJ moD OwkrmS tjzpfrsm;avh&w dS ,f b,fvkd bJjzpfygap umuG,fjcif;eJ@ vkdufem jcif;&Scd rhJ ,fq&dk ifawmh iSuzf sm;a&m*g u uif;a0;vdrrhf ,fqw dk m pma&;ol taeeJ@ wpfxpfcsoHk;oyfrdygw,f? vlwpfa,mufu csr;f wkerf ,f/ acgi;f uku d rf ,f/ wpfcgw&HysK@d tefr,f/ ac|; xGufr,f/ ºuGufom;eJ@tqpftjrpf awGemusiu f u dk cf rJ ,ftp&Sw d hJ a,s bl,vuQ%mawG cHpm;&&if iSuzf sm; a&m*gvkd@ owfrSwfEkdifygw,f? jyif; xefwhJ a0'emvuQ%mawGukd ajym jy&r,fqkd&if iSufzsm;ykd;OD;aESmufxJ uk0d ifjcif;/ tdyif u kd jf cif;ESiw hf ufjcif;/

November, 2010

17


aiG a wmif * sme,f ywf0ef;usirf mS &Sw d hJ csKH ykwaf wGucdk w k f xGif&Sif;vif;zkd@&mvnf; rarh=uygeJ@/ tdrfeJ@&Gmywf0ef;usifrSm&SdwJh a&rsm; wifuse&f adS eEdik w f u hJ si;f awG/ csKid ahf wG ajrzd@k ypfyg bma=umifv h q J adk wmh iSuf zsm;a&m*gjzpfapwJh yvyfprkd'D,m y&rfqu dk v f @dk ac:wJh uyfyg;a&m*gy;dk ukd o,faqmifvmwJh taemzdvpfqw dk hJ jcif[m v_y&f mS ;r_r&Sw d ahJ &aorSm O rsm;Ocsavh & S d + yD ; rsKd ; yG m ;apEk d i f w J h twGuaf =umifjh zpfygw,f? ,ae@urBm}u;D [m acwfe@J

tnD t&Sed t f [keef @J wk;d wufvmae ovdk vlom;wdik ;f udk tE mW &,fðyap EkdifwJh a&m*gydk;r$m;awGuvnf; tHhr cef;Ekid af tmif wd;k yGm;v#u&f w dS ,f/ pm a&;ol ajymcsifwmu a&m*gydk;r$m; ajrmufrsm;pGmu rdr&d hJ vufwpfurf; rSm&Sad ew,f/ 'Dvykd gbJ umuG,w f m; qD;jcif;rsm;[mvnf; rdrd&Jhvufwpf urf;rSmbJ&adS ew,fqw kd mudk owdðy rdzdk@ bJjzpfygw,f? Oyrmqdkygpdk@ rdrd&Jh vufwpfurf;rSm a&m*gy;kd r$m;udo k ,f aqmif vmwJh jcif/ ,if/ ºuu G /f yd;k [yf

tp&Sw d hJ wd&pmWerf sm;[m vluakd &m*g ul;pufygapqdw k hJ qENe@J tE &W m,fðy jcif;r[kwfygbl; rdrdwdk@uom um uG,w f m;qD;zd@k aygq h r_a=umifh ‚if;wd@k xHrS a&m*gydk;r$m;awG&&Sdvmjcif;bJ jzpfw,f/ 'gah =umifh umuG,rf e_ @J vdu k f emr_w@kd awG@qw Hk t hJ cgrmS use;f rma&; udk aumif;rGeaf pygw,f/ tm;vk;H um uG,w f m;qD;jcif;ESit hf wl vdu k ef mEkid f ygapvdk@ qENðyvdkuf&ygw,f? ae aumif; use;f rm=uygap?

ynm&Sifrsm;.tqdktrdef‹ 1. The cook that crows at an untimely hour must lose its head (Armenian proverb) 2. Behind the smile, a dagger may be hidden (Chinese proverb) 3. Who speaks much either knows or lies much. (Hungarian proverb) 4. He is wise who learn at another's experience. (Norwegian proverb) 5. Don't throw the old bucket until you know whether the new one holds water. (Swedish proverb) 6. When you eat a fruit, think of the man who planted the tree. (Vietnamese proverb) 7. Wasting time is robbing myself. (Estonian proverb) 8. The illness of the rich is known to all, but not even the death of poor. (Finnish proverb) 9. If you want to know a secret ask the young children. (Slovakian proverb) 10. Better be happy than wise. (English)

18

= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =

Collected by ASM Steven


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

u&ifeDvli,frsm;.tem*wfynma&; rnfol@wm0efvJ ,ae@u&ifeDvli,frsm;. ynma&;tqift h wef;rSm jynfwiG ;f / jynfy tvGeef rd u hf svma=umif; awG@ &Sd&onf? tb,fa=umifhqdkaomf jynfwGif;wGifEdkifiHa&;rwnf+idrfr_/ wd k i f ; jynf . pD ; yG m ;a&;usyf w nf ; r_ tajctaersm;a=umifh ynma&;0ef xrf;rsm;. vm'fpm;r_/ ay;tyfaom wm0ef r sm;tm; ausyG e f p G m xrf ; aqmifr_ r&Sdjcif;wdk@tjyif vlenf;pk wdik ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;. tcGit hf a&; rsm;tm; tm%m&Siftpdk;&rsm;rS wm;qD;ydwyf ifxm;jcif;a=umifyh ifjzpf onf? vmr_ESifh ausmif;tm;qkH;cef;wdkif u&ifejD ynfwiG ;f Y ausmif; atmif wufa&mufEikd &f ef tcuftcJ ol/ ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf tqifh rsm;pGm&Srd a_ =umifh 2008-ckEpS rf S pwif jrifhynmoif=um;p&mqdkI enf;y I jynfwiG ;f ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om; k o Q nfpcef;rsm;od@k nm wuUov kd w f pfck omt"du&S+d yD;/ rsm;pGm u&ife'D u xdu k o hJ @kd ausmif;rsK;d tm; wufa&muf 0ifa&mufvmonfukd awG@&&dS onf? Edik &f efqo kd nfrmS vnf; vGepf mG rScufcJ aeayonf? u&ifejD ynfwiG ;f vli,f rsm;onf rsm;aomtm;jzifh txuf wef ; vG e f a usmif ; +yD ; pD ; +yD q d k y gu ausmif;xGufum jyifywGiftvkyf xGuv f yk I f pmay;pm,ljzifh bG@J ,=l u onfo h rl sm; ,ae@rsm;jym;vmonf udk awG@&Sd&onf? xdkodk@aom tajc taersm;a=umifh u&ifejD ynfwiG ;f bG@J &ausmif;om;rsm;. ynma&;t&nf tcsi;f tm; wdik ;f wm=unfrh nfqv kd #if ,cif av;/ ig;ESpf tajctaerS u &ife'D u k o Q nfpcef;twGi;f &Sd txuf wef;vGeaf usmif;om;rsm;. t&nft csi;f tm; rSED ikd jf cif;r&So d nfukd awG@&&dS ayonf? jynfwGif; ynma&;edrfhus

o#m;Zifatmif tvm;wl e,f p yf a 'o u&ife'D u k o Q nfpcef;&Sd u&ifev D il ,f rsm;. tem*wfynma&;tm; Ed_if; ,SOf =unfrh nfqykd guvnf; ynma&; tqift h wef;vGepf mG edru hf svmonf ud k a wG @ &S d & rnf j zpf o nf ? tb,f a=umifq h akd omf ynmwwfv@l t&if; tjrpftm; 2005-ckEpS rf pS I wwd, EdkifiHtajccsaexdkifr_ tpDtpOfrsm; a=umifh qk;H &ª;H vm&jcif;tay:rsm;pGmrl

November, 2010

wnfaeonfudk awG@&ayonf? xdk@ tjyif xdkif;tpdk;&. 'kuQonfynm a&;rlay:vpDt&/ u&ifeDynma&; tm; twdkif;twmwpfckatmuf wGifom oif=um;apjcif;/ EdkifiHjcm; om;ynm&Sirf sm;tm; 'kuo Q nfpcef; rsm;wGif ,cifveG cf o hJ nfh av;/ ig;ESpf rsm;uuJo h @kd pcef;twGi;f 0ifa&muf oif=um;onfudk cGifhðyr_r&Sdjcif;wdk@ a=umifjh zpfonf? u&ifeD'kuQonfynma&; tm; vma&mufulnDay;aeaom tpd;k &r[kwo f nfh tzG@J tpnf;rsm;rS twwfEikd q f ;Hk q&m/ q&mrrsm;tm; arG;xkwfay;jcif;/ t&nftcsif;jr‡ifh wifjcif;vkyif ef;rsm;tm; óud;pm;vkyf aqmifay;aeaomfvnf; avhusiyhf sK;d axmifay;cJo h rl sm;ud, k w f ikd f wwd, Edik if o H @kd tajccsra_ =umifh ynmoif ESprf ukeq f ;Hk rS/D q&m/ q&mrrsm; jywf vwfr_ tcuftcJtm; ,ckESpfrsm; twGi;f u&ifeyD nma&;XmerS &ifqikd f

19


aiG a wmif * sme,f jzwfoef;vmcJ&h onf? tjcm;ynma&;edrfhusvm &jcif; tcuftcJrsm;tm; avhvm =unfrh nfqv kd #iq f &m/ q&mrsm;onf oif=um;r_tawG@ tóu&H ifu h surf _ r&Sd jcif;/ vl@todik ;f t0dik ;f . todtrSwf ðyr_enf;yg;jcif;a=umifh q&m/ q&mr *k%foduQmedrfhusjcif;/ ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om;ESihf q&m/ q&mr t&nf tcsif;/ toufuGm[r_odyfr&Sdjcif;/ ausmif;om;rdbrsm;. uav;ynm a&;tm; vpfv#L&_jcif;/ ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om;rsm; avhvmoif=um;r_/ ausmif;pnf;rsO;f / pnf;urf;vdu k ef mr_ enf;jcif;a=umifhjzpfa=umif; t"du awG@&&dS ayonf? tjcm;ta=umif;t &m wpfct k aejzifh u&ifev D @l todik ;f t0dik ;f ESihf vufawG@uu kd n f rD r_ &Sad om ynma&;rl0g'rsm;/ ay:vpDrsm;/ vrf; n$efcsufrsm;tm; u&ifeD'kuQonfp cef; twGi;f &St d pd;k &r[kwo f nfh tzG@J tpnf;rsm;rS oGwo f iG ;f vmjcif;tay: wGifvnf; rsm;pGmrlwnfaeonfudk awG@&&dS onf? u&ifeD'kuQonfpcef; t wGi;f &Sd ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om;rsm;/ ausmif;om;rdbrsm;tm; tcGifht a&;ESifh wm0ef0wW&m;rsm;tm; &Sif; vif;pGmay;a0r#r_r&SdonfhtwGuf tcGifhta&;twGufom awmif;qdk wwf=u+yD; rdrd.vkyfonfhvkyfxdkuf onfh wm0ef0wW&m;rsm;udk aqmif &Gu&f ef ysuu f u G af eonfukd awG@&&dS onf? Oyrmtm;jzifh ausmif;om; rsm;. rdbrsm;onf rdrw d @kd . uav; rsm;ynma&;ES i f h tusif h p m&d w W aumif;rGeaf pa&;twGuf q&m/ q&m rrsm;tay:wGio f m wm0ef&o dS nf[k xifjrif+yD; rdrdwdk@uav;rsm;tm; 20

ðyjyifxed ;f ausmif;jcif;/ qk;H rjcif;uif;rJh aeonfudkawG@&Sd&+yD;/ q&m/ q&mr rsm;tay: tjypfzdk@a0zefwwf=u onf? ,ckpfESpfrsm;twGif; wwd ,EdkifiHodk@oGm;a&muftajccsrnfh ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om;rsm;onf pmoifcef;xJY wwd,Edik if o H @kd rxGuf cGgrt DS csed t f xd pmoif=um;cGihf tcGihf ta&;&Sdojzifh pmoifcef;wGif;vm a&mufaomfvnf; ynmoif=um;r_ wGif vk;H 0pdwf 0ifpm;r_r&Sjd cif;/ q&m/ q&mrrsm;rS ay;tyfaom ausmif; pmrsm; vdu k ef maqmif&u G rf r_ &Sjd cif;/ ausmif ; pnf ; urf ; vd k u f e maqmif &Gufjcif;r&Sdonfhtay: rdbrsm;rS vnf; 0dik ;f 0ef;ðyjyifxed ;f ausmif;jcif; r&So d uJo h @kd q&m/ q&mrrsm;rSvnf; ta&;,laqmif&Guf&ef tm;enf; v#uf &Sad =umif;awG@&&dS onf? txufygtajctaersm; a=umifh u&ifeyD nma&;edryhf g;usqif; vmr_tay: rnforl sm;wm0ef&ydS g o vJ[k ar;cGe;f xkwyf gu vG,v f , G Ef iS hf yif u&ifeyD nma&;Xme. wm0ef[k yif a jz=um;=urnf j zpf o nf ? od k @ aomfEikd if H wpfc/k wdik ;f jynfwpfcw k iG f ynma&;aumif;rGefwdk;wufap&ef twGuf vdt k yfcsurf sm;udk avhvm =unfhrnfqdkvsif tpdk;& odk@r[kwf ynma&;Xme. rlay:vpDEiS hf vkyif ef; aqmif&u G rf /_ vl@todik ;f t0dik ;f ESihf rdb rsm;. ynma&;yl;aygi;f aqmif&u G rf _ tajctae/ ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om; rsm;. ynma&;vd k v m;r_ t wd k i f ; twmrsm;/ ynma&;vkyif ef;aqmif &GuEf ikd &f efzefw;D ay;Edik o f nfh tajct aersm;ay:wGiv f eG pf mG rlwnfaeonf udk awG@&&dS rnfjzpfonf?

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= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)? tajccsr_a=umifh ynmwwfvli,f vl@t&if;tjrpfrsm; qkH;&Hª;vmaecJh& onf[k qdak omfvnf;ynma&;u¾ tm; zGH@òzd;wdk;wufajymif;vJ&eft wGuf vkaH vmufonfh ynmwwfvl i,frsm;pGm use&f adS eao;onfukd awG@ &Sd&rnfjzpfonf? odk@aomf xdkynm wwf vli,frsm;onf ynma&;XmeY tem*wf v l i ,f r sm;twG u f yck H ;

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tqif h q if h j zpf x G e f ; ay: ayguv f monfh Edik if aH &;jzpfpOfrsm; t & 1990-jynfEh pS /f a&G;aumufyJG tEkid f & jynfol@v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f rsm;. w&m;0ifrE_ iS hf trsK;d om;wef; wla&;wkdufyJG0if wkdif;&if;om; tif tm;pk tzJ@G tpnf;rsm;. w&m;0ifr_ udk tjyeftvSeftodtrSwfðyjcif; tm; tajccHaygif;pyf+yD; tem*gwf wkdif;jynf. +idrf;csrf;a&;ESifh vlr_b0 om,m0ajyma&;ukd wnfaqmufEikd f &ef t wG u f 1990-jynf h E S p f a &G ; aumuf wifajr‡mufjcif;cH&aom v$waf wmfu, dk pf m;vS,rf sm;ESihf e,f ajr&Sad om/ jynfov l x l &k adS om/ Ekid if H a&;ygw&D adS om/ yHrk eS n f v D mcH&adS om/ rdred ,fajr&Sjd ynforl sm;tm; ynma&;/ usef;rma&;vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&Guf ay;aeaom wkid ;f &if;om;tzG@J tpnf; rsm;rSukd,fpm;vS,frsm;jzifh pkzGJ@pnf; onfh v$waf wmfwpf&yftm; 2010jynf h E S p f / Ed k 0 if b mv(2)&uf a e@rS (4)&ufae@txd u&ifet D rsK;d om;wd;k wufa&;yg wDxed ;f csKyf&m e,fajrwpf

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ae&mwGiu f si;f yðyvkycf ahJ om tpnf; ta0;}u;D rS zG@J pnf;twnfðycJah =umif; od&Sd&onf? tpnf;ta0;}uD;wGif 1990-jynfhESpfa&G;aumufyGJ tEdkif& jynfo@l vw $ af wmfu, kd pf m;vS,f (7) OD;/ v$wfawmfjzpfajrmufa&;nd‡Ed_if; qufpyfaqmif&Gufa&;aumfrDwD0if (8)OD;ESihf u&ifeD trsK;d om;wd;k wuf a&;ygw/D u&iftrsK;d om;tpnf; t&k;H ESifh rGefjynfopfygwDrS wdkif;&if;om;

November, 2010

acgi;f aqmif (11) OD; wd@k wufa&muf cJha=umif;od&Sd&onf? vrf;yef;quf oG,af &; tcuftcJa=umifh yxrOD; qkH;t}udrfusif;yðyvkyfaom zuf' &,fjynfaxmifp/k jynfo@l vw $ af wmf tpnf;ta0;}u;D od@k rwufa&mufEikd f aom 1990-jynfEh pS af &G;aumufyJG t Edik &f / v$waf wmftrwfrsm;ESihf wdik ;f &if;om;acgif;aqmifudk,fpm;vS,f rsm;rSvnf; 4if;wdk@.qENoabm 21


aiG a wmif * sme,f xm;rsm;udk v$wfawmfodk@ay;ydk@cJh a=umif;ESihf v$waf wmf.qk;H jzwfcsuf rsm;tm; 1990-jynfEh pS /f a&G;aumuf yGJtEdkif& jynfol@v$wfawmftrwf (22)OD;/ wdik ;f &if;acgi;f aqmif ud, k pf m; vS,f (21)OD;. axmufcrH /_ qENo abmxm;rsm;t& qk;H jzwfcjhJ cif;jzpf onf?

tpnf;ta0;}uD;wGif jynf ol@v$wfawmft+rJwrf;aumfrDwDESifh jynfo@l vw $ af wmfa&;&maumfrw D rD sm; tm; a&G;cs,w f m 0efay;tyfco hJ nf? jynfo@l vw $ af wmft+rw J rf;aumfrwD wGif jynfol@v$wfawmfOuUXtjzpf cGef;&Drefxl;tm;vnf;aumif;/ 'kOuUXtjzpfOD;odef;OD;/ aumfrDwDtzGJ@

1? tvkyo f rm;/ v,form;a&;&maumfrwD 2? ynma&;ESihf use;f rma&;aumfrwD hf muG,af &;aumfrwD 3? trsK;d om;vHòk cHa&;ESiu 4? Ekid if jH cm;a&;&maumfrwD 5? obm0ywf0ef;usiaf &;&maumfrwD 6? tajccHv@l tcGit hf a&;ESit hf rsK;d orD;a&;&maumfrwD 7? trsK;d om;pDru H ed ;f ESihf b¾ma&;aumfrwD 8? 'kuo Q nfEiS hf jyefvnfxal xmifa&;aumfrwD yxrt}udr/f jynfo@l vw $ f awmftpnf;ta0;}uD;rS Edik if aH &;qdik f &mqkH;jzwfcsufrsm; tjzpfatmufyg twdik ;f qk;H jzwfc+hJ y;D / v$waf wmf}u;D . a&S@vkyfief;pOfrsm;/ oabmxm;&yf wnfcsufcsufrsm;/ v$wfawmfrSt wnfðyjyXmef;&efvdktyfonfh Oya' qdik &f m qk;H jzwfcsurf sm;udk csrw S ft wnfðycJhonf? EdkifiHa&;qdkif&mqkH; jzwfcsurf sm;tjzpfatmufygtwdik ;f qk;H jzwfc=hJ uonf?

Edik if aH &;qdik &f mqH;k jzwfcsurf sm; (u) 2008-ckESpfzJG@pnf;ykHtajccH Oy a'udkvkH;0 vufrcHa=umif;qkH;jzwf onf? (c) 2010-jynfhESpfa&G;aumufyJGudk vkH;0vufcHrnfr[kwfa=umif;ESifh ,if;.&vm'frsm;udkvnf; todt rSwrf ðybJ enf;rsK;d pkjH zifh qef@usiw f u dk f 22

0ifrsm;tjzpf Edik [ f o H m/ ref;+ird ;f armif ESihf OD;yDwmvif;yifw@kd tm; vSsK@d 0u S rf J pepfjzifh tpnf;ta0;}uD;rS a&G;cs,cf hJ +yD;/ jynfo@l vw G af wmfa&;&m aumfr wDOuUXtoD;oD;tm;vnf; atmuf ygtwdkif;a&G;cs,fwm0efay;tyfcJh a=umif;od&&dS onf? a':pef;pef; (MPU) Ekid af &$oed ;f (NMSP) Akv d rf ;ª csKyfatmifjrwf (KNPP) a';Apfomuabmf (KNU) cl',fe, D m,f (KNPP) OD;atmifqef;jrifh (KNPP) OD;atmifxeG ;f pdef (MPU) apma'gah v;rl (KNU)

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= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


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a&G;aumufytJG óundE‡ i_d ;f tpnf;ta0;usif;y 27 November

u&ifeD'kuQonfpcef;rsm; wGiftkyfcsKyfaeonfh 'kuQonf yifr aumfrwD/ pcef;aumfrwDrsm;ESihf &yf uGufrª;rsm;tm; pcef;ol/ pcef;om; rsm;u w&m;0ifa&G;cs,w f ifajrmuf Edik &f eftwGuf 'DZifbmv (18)&uf ae@wGif u&ife'D u k o Q nfpcef;rsm;wGif wòydief ufusi;f yrnfh 'kuo Q nf pcef; tkycf sKyfa&;aumfrwD tqifq h ift h m; wòydief uf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufEikd f &eftwGuf vdt k yfonfh a&G;cs,w f if ajrmufjcif;qdik &f m enf;Oya' w&yf tm; a&;qGJa&;tzGJ@wzGJ@udk wm0ef ay;a&;qGI J oufqikd &f mpcef;aumfr wDrsm;wGif &Sif;vif;csjyaqG;aEG;+yD;/ oH;k oyfjyifqifxm;onfh rl=urf;tm; u&ifeD'kuQonf pcef;tkyfcsKyfa&;

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November, 2010

trSwf-(1) cef@rdkifeef;qG,fpcef; tkycf sKyfa&;&H;k wGif 27-11-2010 &uf ae@Yusif;ycJh&m tpnf;ta0;odk@ 'kuo Q nfyifraumfrwDOuUX/ pcef;(1) pcef;tkycf sKyfa&;aumfrwD OuUX ESifhwm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh a&G;aumuf yGaJ umfr&Sit f zG@J 0ifrsm; wufa&muf cJah =umif; od&&dS ygonf?

rw&m;wJh a&G;aumufyGJ&vm'f rSefor# tukef qef‹usif-u 23


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jynfol@v$wfawmf (zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH) 2010-jynfhESpf/ Edk0ifbm (5) &uf?

24

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twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

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armifn?kd

? at;&Sdw,f/ igaewJhae&mu pJArf;-tvJArf; (7-11) em;rSm?

(pJArf;-tvJArf; (7-11) 24 em&DziG o hf nfh rDerD ef;uufrsm;onf xdik ;f Edik if òH rd@rsm;wGif ae&mte@Htjym;Y&So d nf)

ta=umfc&H rSm

a=umufv@kd

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? odygw,fq&mr razmufxu G &f ifot l a=umfc&H rSm a=umufv@kd yg? “armifaumif;xdkuf. a0;ajr&yfjcm;[morsm; pmtkyfrS”

November, 2010

25


aiG a wmif * sme,f

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= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

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November, 2010

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28

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= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


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November, 2010

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ajymif;tvJ&zdk@twGuf tm;vHk;u taumif;bufudk apwemxm;+yD; 0dkif;0ef;óud;yrf;aqmif&Guf=uzdk@ vdkyg w,f/ ud, k rhf mS &Sw d 0hJ g'pG/J *d% k ;f u¾pGJ awGc|w+f yD; jrefrmjynftwGi;f rSm&Sw d hJ wdkif;&if;om; jynfolvlxkw&yfvHk; +idr;f csr;f om,m0aysm+yD; 'Dru kd a&pD tcG i f h t a&;awG a tmuf r S m t a=umufw&m;uif;rJph mG eJ@ aexdik Ef ikd f cGi&hf atmif pnf;vH;k nD!w $ pf mG eJ@'Dw csDrSm 0dkif;0ef;óud;yrf;aqmif&Guf=u& rSmjzpfygw,f?

Tawthikho

aiGawmif*sme,f (Ngwe Daung Journal) cdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcd

u&ifeDowif;at*sifpD Karenni Information Agency (KnIA) rS aiGawmif*sme,ftm; ESpv f w}urd f u&ife/D jrefrmESit hf *Fvyd f (3) bmomjzifyh rkH eS x f w k af 0v#uf &S&d m ,cktcsed w f iG f twG-J (1)/ pmapmif-(1)ESihf (2) tm;Zlvi_d Ef iS phf ufwifbmvwGif vnf;aumif;/ twG-J (1)/ pmapmif-(3) tm; Ed0k ifbmvwGiv f nf;aumif; xkwaf 0&efppD Of+y;D jzpfygonf/ twG-J (2)/ pmapmif-(1) tm;/ ESpo f pfjzpfonfh 2011-ckEpS /f Zefe0g&v D wGix f w k af 0rnfjzpfygonf? od@k jzpfIpmay0goem &Sirf sm;taejzifh pmrlrsm;udak tmufygy*k Kd~ vfrsm;xH ay;yd@k Eikd &f efzw d af c:tyf ygonf?

jrefrmbmom

1? udak tmifqef;jrifh (089-8526619)/ email: ttzaung@gmail.com 2? a&$rsK;d oef@ (084-4851108)/ email: tawthikho@gmail.com P.O Box-(6), Mae Hong Son 58000

u&ifeDESifht*Fvdyfbmom

1? clO;D &,f (084-8051344)/ email: bosco.aurora@gmail.com 30

= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)?

jkGg c f omkuh o dfg [t a f g d f h ; k y g a ; d J h jfg l rkGg [dfg j kfh Gg i yh afg d fh ; kyg a ;dJh sf skdth v G ldJadfh cypkfg. rK lkGg[dfg ugadh sf zKemy [t zKemykuh bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh j f bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh l;Gg sdtg.$ a;dJhifrf jfglrkGg Kjugetg;Gh 16 iGh. 2010// Kjugetg;Gh (26)iGh. 2010// kJcug nHdJhsdtg/ jfgkJg bfg a;dJh v Hg jkGg c f ug o mkuh o dfg [t afg d fh ; kyg lkfjkfhadfh [t odJhnuhaHh afgdfh;kyg a;dJha;uh sf bkug c dJh ltsky fg a ;dJh sf yg , uh zdt[t bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh fg b f rK zdtvG bkdfg ; kKg odJh z yskxth jfg a dJh / (247) ey bkK;yh (6"10)bth a;dJh j f fg b f (72) ug e y jfg [ tg r K ,kFJg sf Gg i yh fgcdt fgvGh ey [Khjfgbf[Hg odJhnuhsdtg ey Kgjugetg;Gh jkfhidJhadfh [t odJhaHh/ (26)iGh bkK;yh rkug b F vfhcdJsdtg/ #lkGg y g c F jkfh a dfh Gg i yh cdtvGh sdtg/ #jkGg c f ug p kJh fg l rdJ a;dJh j f sf vu akGeG (10)/ bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh ey jkGg c f fg a Hh sdtg odJha;uh sdtg,$ a;dJhvHg ifrf zdKg m tyh sf zdKg b k d f g ; k K g a ; d J h jfglrkGg kJcug nHdJh/ ;mtyg idJh s kyadfh ey idJh s kyadfh (4)lrkGg . a;dJh n H jkGgcfaHh sdtg$ afgdfh;kyg odth ndJsky cypkfg Gztg bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh v Hg jfg l rkGg kJcug (9)vHg. bygl;Kg (4)l;Kg sf jfg l rkGg kdfh s kdth [t cypkfg l ;Kg (400)/ afg d fh ; kyg a;dJh a Hh nHdJh/ ndJskylku wG: ; kJlkF sugqtTgetg;Gh (4)iGh. 2010// afg d fh ; kyg a;dJh a ;uh jkGg r Jg jfg b Jh sf jkGg r Jg bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh n H ndJsky cypkfg jfg v Hg . zkJg e fg jfg k Jg iGpJh s ky jfglrkGg ugey jfgfbg f (517) fg a Kh idth e Gg sf fg l ;Kg nHdJh/ sdtg ndJsky fg c ypkfg (200). cypkfg[Hg jfgvHg sf fg l ;Kg (12)l;Kg [t #a;dJh d Gh n H sdJh l rkGg jfgvHg. fgaKh (5)eGg sf fgl;Kg sf bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh n H (120). cypkfgnkatg jfgvHg. bkdfg;kKga;dJhug/

November, 2010

31


aiG a wmif * sme,f

kygedfgzGg wKh[Jhnuhczdt:. [Kh c ug n H jfg b Gg sf 25 sfg jfgbGg[Hg skyadfh bkdfg c ypkfg l ;Kg vdJh odth fgbJh sf fgnH uglfhlrG wG:jtygetg;Gh 25 iGh. 2010/ cdt;Gh sdtg jfg b Gg bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh jffg b f skylku ;fgkdfh iGpJhsky (135) ugey lrkGhaHh vGjkfh nHdJhsdtg/ skdth cypkfg [ Hg l ;Kg [t #afgdfh;kdJh sf bkdfg;kKg ;tgvfh;ug [KhaHh fgvHg fgvdJh a;dJh vGvdJh ; Hh [t jfg b Gg skyadfh [Kh c ug n H (94)btT h ey lrkGh a Hh sf jfgkJg skykdth iGpJhsky jKh H h ;kKg ; kyg a ;dfvHg nHdJh/ sdtg ey sdtg jfg r uh / ey

jkGgcfaHh sdtg bkdfg;kKg a;dJh idJh s kyadfh idth l rkGg / eGg a dfsf jkGg c f dJh sdtg r K Gg i yh vGskdth cypkfg[Hgl;Kg [t [Kh a Hh auh ; Jg $ [Kh c ug n H jfglrkGg kJnHdJh/

fgaKh (2)eGg sf fgl;Kg (24)rK kdfhjkdt [t afgdfh;kyg a;dJh a ;uh u g ey sug q tT g etg ; Gh (4)iGh sdtg iJpJh sky jkGgrJg nHdJh/

afg d fh ; kyg a;dJh a ;uh sdJh l rkGg zdtvG bkdfg ;kKg a;dJjf ug e y lrkGh a Hh vfh c dJ Gg s f ;kGgjKh sdtg ey Kjugetg;Gh (28)iGh bkKkJ;kdfg (3"40)btg h cdtvGh sdtg / bkdfg;kKg a;dJhnH ugey jfgfbg f (135) idJhskyadfh jfglrkGg iJpJhsky nHdJh/

zdtvG bkdfg;kKg a;dJh jf fgbf (261) ugey iyri[Kh vfhcdJ sdtgsf cypkfg[Hg (3)l;Kg/ jfg[tgrK iJpJhsky cysf jkGgeGg jfgbF jfgbGg a f g d f h ; k y g a ; d J h cyjug / zdtvG bkdfg ; kKg afg d fh ; kyg a;dJh n H a;dJjf [t ug n Fg sf sdJh l rkGg zdtvG iyry[Kh bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh j f

sugqtTgetg;Gh (3)iGh. 2010// sugqtTgetg;Gh (2);Gh. 2010// afg d fh ; kyg a ;dJh jfg b kHg 32

ey jdfg j ug fg r kJ jfg ; Gh sdtg b fg bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh fg b f (134) vGskdth odthkK cypkfg[Hgl;Kg [t

= u&ifeDowif;at*sifpDrSxkwfa0jzef‹csDonf =


twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)? ;tg v fh ; ug [Kh a Hh ey Gg i yh oHg;dfg cy a;dJhjf cyjug sdtg/ eygsdtg fgvGh lfgskG idJhskyadfh ;mkyh[kath odth jfgbGgsky jfg[kath/ bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh ug e y lrkGhaHh sdtg [dfg [Khcug ug e y lrkGh a Hh jfg q yh jfgqkfg- ;tgvfh;ug. ;tglkKg oyh. oHg[ug ;kJhvug. eHh;tgltg sf aKg [ Hg [ fh sf afg d fh a;dJh [Khcug rK ay jkGgcf ug o mkuh o dfg kJbfg eGg vGjkfh [KhaHh sf cypkfg[Hg kJug nHdJh sdtglrG/

#wKhlGgsGg sfgug (27) sdtg kdfheKidu sf lkGga;dJh nH ey Gg i yh ;Jh j fg q kfg lrkGg a Hh o Fh fg v Gh s dtg ey Kjugetg idthiGh sdtg/ GgndJ kdfh s ky Gg b (16) jfg v Hg . fg a Kh jfg e Gg sf fg l ;Kg (20)l;Kg.$ afgdfha;dJhvHg jfg l rkGg kJcug l kJ nHdJh/ wKh l Gg s Gg sdtg eKidu bkJg r ku vdJh j kGg sf afg d fh ; kyg a ;dJh lfh k kGh jug b fg s f ug a kfg v dJh nH [Kh c ug n H jfg l rkGg lfh k kGh sdtg b fg iGpJh jkfh j kJg cyjug /

jkGg s muodfg [Hg v Hg l mGg kdfhjkdt cyjugsdtg/ jfgkyg jfglrkGg eGkdfhjkfh zdtug l kK lmkuiGh / bkdfg ; kKg a ;dJh ug e y odJh n katg vuh ; uh sdtg Gjkfh [KhzkGg [HgvHg jfgkJg ug e y odJh n kat vuh ; uh . [Kh a ;Kg [ Hg . bdubf sf 'mJg[ktIg [KhzFh jfgkJg sf sKhkdfh uglkK jfgqkfg Ggiyh a;dJh j f lmkuiGh / Gg i yh eJg , kKg sf jfg b Kh jfg b G afg d fh ; kyg a;dJh a ;uh atkdfh cflkfh Ggiyh fgvHg fg v dJh sdtg rK sKh k dfh ug l kK [Kh c ug n H sdtg iGpJhsky nHdJh/

fg b kHg lrkGg e Kidu sf bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh n H jfg ey [KhzFh ;mkyhnug fgaHhsdtg lrkGg kdfh s kdth [t [Kh z kG jfg k Jg juh u g l kK ,uh sf bkdfg a ;dJh j f [Khug (28)[Kh/ afg d fh a ;dJh a Hh Kjug e tg ; Gh (3)iGh . 2010// a;dJh n H jfg l rkGg ug [ t afg d fh ; kyg bdJh z tg jkGg l;KzFh fgl;K sdtg kdfh skdth [dfgjkfh fgcypkfg [t afgdfh;kyg a;dJha;uhug ey lrkGg a Hh bth a Hh sdtg iGpJhsky jkGgrJg nHdJh/

sugqGgetg;Gh (3)iGh. 2010// bkdfg;kKg lrkGglt jfgryg vHg ug e y [yh b Kcug sdtg sKh j kfh [Kh n H cug n H sf zdtug l kK bdfvmGg s ky qkyhbth,uh [t qkyhaHh sdtg lmkuh i Gh idfnH Gg i yh eJg , kKg sf Hh a tkdfh bkJg l dJ bkKg ; kHg ey

November, 2010

lrkGg b Kg jfg l rkGg jfg b Gg sf bkdfg ; kKg a;dJh v Hg cypkfg l ;Kg v dJh sugqGgetg;Gh (3)iGh. 2010// odJh n kat vuh ; uh [Kh n H lrkGg b Kg b kxt jfg l rkGg eGgjfgbGg skyadfh ey fgvdfg zKzyg jfg v u idfnH 33


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twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)? Battle News cdcdcdcdcdcdcd

16, October October 16, 2010: A skirmish occurred between a platoon of the Karenni Army and a column of Burma troops from LIB no. 247 commanded by Phyo Min Win which claimed two Burmese privates. Burma Army arms were seized by the KA. In retaliation, the Burmese troops attacked villagers near Daw Tamadu, destroying two houses and arresting the village's chief.

Gunfight breaks out between KA and SPDC troops October 16, 2010: A gunfight occurred today between Karenni Army and Burmese troops from IB no. 247 commanded by Captain Phyo Min at 6:10am near Daw Tamadu, a Karenni Army source has reported from the frontline. "The fighting started at 6:10am and lasted ten minutes. Captain Phe Bu led the Karenni forces. Burmese Sergeant Kyaw Win and Corporal Kyaw Lwin were killed in the gunfight," said the source. The KA seized an MA-4, three magazines and two hundred rounds of ammunition, and an M-79 with twelve bullets, the source further said.

KA overruns the Burma army camp October 26, 2010 at 4 am: A column of Karenni Army led by Major Moeshe stormed the Burmese army's IB no. 72 camp and police station, positioned beside the Pon River. The KA completely overran the Burmese army camp after the clash which lasted for three hours. Four Burmese soldiers were gunned down by KA while three police officers and a Burmese private were unconditionally surrendered to the KA. The KA captured sev-

eral arms and equipment from brief investigation. The KA Burmese troops. Some Bur- exploded the bridge before mese troops managed to es- they retreated from the scene. cape by jumping into the water to cross the river. However, only the Captain Kyaw Ko Than, who commanded the troops reached the other side of the river and survived. All other troops drowned and disappeared into the water. Later, the KA handed the captives over to the Buddhist Karenni Soldiers on the Pon River Bridge after morning raid monk who presides at the Pon village's monastery after a

November, 2010

35


aiG a wmif * sme,f Innocent villagers injure by Burmese mortar's shell On September 25, 2010 at 10.00 a.m Burmese troops from the Mawchi-based LIB no. 135 launched several 81 mm mortar's shells into Lerkhaloe village and a shell landed on and exploded inside a house an inside source has reported. The house owner, Saw Day Phoe Chit, aged 25, was seriously injured by the shell's sharpeners, while his wife and a six-month-old child were slightly wounded, said the source.

"There was a gunfight took place at 94-mile on MawchiTaungoo car road between Karenni forces and the Burmese troops from LIB no. 135 on that day. Three Burmese soldiers were killed in the gunfight. I think, because of this fighting, they (Burmese troops) launched the mortar into the village," the source explained.   In recent month, Lerkhaloe village had been attacked by the Burmese troops of LIB no. 134 with 81 mm mortar shells

before the LIB no. 135 replaced it. At the time of the attack, four buffaloes were killed and one was left wounded. The Mawchi-based Burmes army commander accused villages of Lerkhaloe, Lerpawhtee, Htudolaykho, Bulawper and Kawduder as being the bases for Karenni rebels and warned that mortar will be shelled over into villages if any further gunfights take place in the area, said the source.

Armed cease-fire soldier joins Karenni Army October 3, 2010: A soldier from the cease-fire group Karenni National Solidarity Organization surrendered at a Karenni Army outpost at 2:30pm on October 3, a senior Karenni Army officer has

reported. "Saw Pae Neh, aged 27, under the command of Htu Kari joined with our troops patrolling near Mawchi on October 3. He brought an M-16, one magazine and 20 rounds of

bullet with him," explained the officer. Saw Pae Neh is deciding whether he will fully join the KA or return to life as a civilian.

innocent villagers under threat and restriction October 20, 2010: Due to a recent gunfight which occurred on October 16, 2010 the Burmese commander Phyo Min Win of LIB no. 247 asked the village heads of Daw Tamadu and Daw Nyikhu together with 40 villagers to meet at his army camp. Upon their arrival at the army camp, they were ordered by the Burmese commander to line-up for two hours. The 36

commander demanded them to find the lost arms and return them, or pay a fine for the arms if they failed to retrieve them. The Burmese commander further said that they will set fire to the villages if they did not fulfill the demand which was instructed by the regional control command. Villagers from Daw Tamadu, Daw Nyikhu and Daw Hsophya were barred by Burmese troops from leaving

their villages to work in their farmlands since the day the gunfight occurred. Villagers used to stay overnight at their farms to avoid having to walk four or five miles each day from their villages. The ban coincides with their harvest period and there are fears that if their crops are left unsupervised buffalos and cows or wild animals could demolish them.

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twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)? Village heads asked to guard office and army camp overnight November, 3, 2010: Burmese township authorities asked town residents to take rotations of night security, guarding the township head office of Deemawsoe. This is in response to a fear of sabotage by unidentified agents from November 1st as the election

date has drawn near, said an inside source. Similarly, the Burmese commander from LIB no. 427, which is stationed near Hteepokloe, also gave a verbal order to the village heads of four village tracts namely Httepokloe, Daw Klawdu,

Myoma and Ngwedaung to come and guard their military camp overnight as, in turn, they feared a further attack by the Karenni forces, said the source. There are 28 villages that exist within the four village tracts formerly mentioned,.

Woman injured by Burmese commander's gunshot November 3, 2010: A Karenni woman of Hteepokloe village, age 26, was hit in her left leg by a bullet while two Burmese captains from LIB no. 427 were having a shooting competition near their army camp on October 26, an insider has reported.

"She (Moebu) was shot while showering her baby in her house. The Burmese commanders asked her to receive medical treatment at private clinic and they promised to cover for the medical expense," said the source. They also asked the victim not to report the incident to their se-

nior commanders and keep a low profile concerning the event. However, villagers highly doubted that the Burmese commanders would truly cover the medical cost, explained the source.

Border Guard Force soldier runs away  November 9, 2010: Kwaleh, a soldier of Border Guard Force no. 1005, originally from a cease-fire armed group known as Karenni Nationalities People's Liberation Front (KNPLF) ran away from his Huayponlong military camp, a Karenni Army official has reported. "I used to receive a heavy punishment whenever I did a little something wrong. I was even beaten or kicked for little

mistakes. I couldnÂ&#x2019;t bear all these mistreatments and keep obeying their orders. So, I decided to run away," Kwaleh is quoted as saying. Kwaleh enrolled with the KNPLF in 2006 when he was 14 years old and after joining the military training for one and a half months the KNPLF agreed to transform their troops into border guard forces as proposed by the ruling Burmese military regime

November, 2010

in 2009. After the military training was over, they were assigned to join forces in Huayponlong. They were ordered by senior commanders to dig trenches, build barkers, new buildings and collecting bamboo and wood every day. Further, they were asked to mow meadows and clean around the army camp, recalled Kwaleh.

37


aiG a wmif * sme,f Annihilation is not the only tactic of Burma regime to smash non-Burman ethnics The successive Burmese military regimes have used diverse systematic methods in their attempts to annihilate the ethnic people, after having gained control of the ethnic territories by force. The most serious, and hidden, strategy by the Burmese regime is spreading the untreatable HIV/AIDs virus among the ethnic youth. This method has been practiced for decades in all ethnic areas and has gone largely unrecognized by the locals.

gional Central Command; Medic Moe Khine, personnel number 175784 from IB no. 102; Health service personnel Naing Win, personnel number 783214 from IB no. 250; and a doctor from Loikaw Central Hospital, HIV Research Department, who asked to not have his identity revealed.

The following information was prepared by the Karenni News and Information Committee (KNIC) and is based on interviews with Burmese army personnel who deserted to the Karenni Army dating back to 1996, 1999 and 2001. The Burmese deserters were: Captain Kyaw Soe, personnel number 19914 from Loikaw Re-

"In our IB no. 250 headquarters alone, there were over 70 prostitutes," explained health service worker Naing Win. "Once I was asked to accompany the camp health officer to Loikaw prison to check their (the prostitutes') blood to see whether they were infected with HIV or not. Our commander had In addition, the women who brought these prostitutes find themselves in the hands

By Hsetayluu

from middle Burma. Our commander ordered his lower commanders in the beginning of 1995 to send 5 to 10 prostitutes to each village in the vicinity of Loikaw as primary school teachers." (Loikaw is the capital of Karenni State). Naing Win went on to explain, "Before these prostitutes were brought to Karenni, they had been put in jail for their illegal sexual work. Since there was no medicine to cure (the virus), they were deported to ethnic areas by the military authorities with the aim to reduce the number of prostitutes in (middle) Burma. Everybody knows this disease is untreatable. I noticed that the number of women infected with HIV in Burma increases day by day."

Burmese private surrenders to Karenni Army November 14, 2010: A Burmese Private, named Hla Myo from LIB no. 517, surrendered to Karenni forces while the

38

Karenni Army were operating near Shadaw, a senior KA officer said. "He (Hla Myo) brought with him one MA1, 5 magazines,

120 rounds of bullet, a 9mm, 2 magazines and 24 rounds of its ammunition," the officer said.

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twG=J (1)/ trSw=f (3)? from other parts of Burma into Karenni State. "In February 1994, I was ordered to accompany 30 other privates led by Captain Min Naing Oo to welcome 40 prostitutes from Taungyi Prison (to Loikaw)."

Captain Kyaw Soe from Loikaw based Center for Regional Command

of the Burmese Army are in danger. Naing Win said, "In the end of last year, two prostitutes who had been brought for m (middle) Burma came to stay at our base as is usually the case. My health officer checked their blood to see whether they were infected with HIV or not. They were both found to be HIV positive. My officer then gave them an injection of an unknown substance. Two days later, both women died of unknown causes. I think that they died from the injection given by my health officer two days before." Medic Moe Khaing witnessed the movement of prostitutes

"One day I received an order from the Loikaw Regional commander to lead the so-called Welcoming mission of prostitutes from Captain Naing Oo who had come with them from Taungyi. We kept all the prostitutes at our military camp for a few days. Because of this, in the army there are many soldiers and even officer who are HIV positive."

November, 2010

Captain Kyaw Soe also recalled a similar experience. "One day I received an order from the Loikaw Regional commander to lead the so-called Welcoming mission of prostitutes from Captain Naing Oo who had come with them from Taungyi. We kept all the prostitutes at our military camp for a few days. Because of this, in the army there are many soldiers and even officer who are HIV positive." The Doctor at Loikaw Central Hospital, HIV research department witnessed the spread of HIV in Karenni State firsthand. "In Karenni, according to our health research department statistics, there are many men and women living in both cities and outlying areas infected with HIV. The number of HIV patients is gradually increasing from day to day. Most of HIV patients are 39


aiG a wmif * sme,f traders who travel to Thailand. I asked several HIV positive women what sort of men they usually have (sexual) contact with. They said most of them were soldiers and traders, especially soldiers. In comparison, soldiers are more easily lured for sexual intercourse than Health Service worker Naing other men. There is only one Win, former soldier from IB-250 (Loikaw) way for these prostitutes to earn a living for their daily survival since they have low education or are unem"Our commander ployed. In the hospital, we ordered his lower never had enough medicine commanders in for the patients. The facilithe beginning of ties are also poor. Patients 1995 to send 5 to could never afford to pay 10 prostitutes to their medical costs. HIV ineach village in the fection is now becoming a vicinity of Loikaw most serious problem for the as primary school whole community. The teachers." practice of spreading this (Loikaw is the untreatable disease in ethnic capital of Karenni areas is still relevant to this State). day as one of prioritized methods of the Burmese military junta to annihilate the non-Burman ethnics, and has been taking place for some decades. After over four decades of military junta rule, Burma now has become a country that is not only practicing the genocide of the nonBurma ethnics, but also neglects its people, forcing 40

Army Medic Moe Khaing from IB-102

them to live in poverty, thereby increasing the risk of HIV infection since for most prostitutes, no alternative jobs are available for daily survival. The Burma’s military junta is infamous for many impertinences during its rule ¯ namely opium cultivation, production and exportation of heroin, amphetamine pill, human trafficking, extra-judicial killing, tortures, lawless arrest, illegal migration and refugees in neighboring countries, mismanagement, corruption, power abuses, extortion, forced labor and use of child soldiers in its military rank, and furthermore, prostitution both inside and outside the countries. All these facts have branded the Burma’s ruling junta the worst ruler in the world, scoring on the top even though many unrecorded atrocities still remain shuttering beyond the senses.

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Ngwedaung Journal Vol.1 Issue.3