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Nasti has2016 a nice approach to building contender atFastpitch Adelphi DECEMBER Delivery WORDS TO COACH BY... “The best thing someone could say is we genuinely care about our players. All of us, it starts with care. You get more out of them when they know you care. ... It’s being genuine and being true to who you are and developing a philosophy around that.”



“It’s not about perfect. It’s about effort. And when you bring that effort every single day, that’s where transformation happens. That’s how change occurs.” JILLIAN MICHAELS, PERSONAL TRAINER, NBC’S “THE BIGGEST LOSER”



VOLUME 21, NO. 12

Jazzed about New Orleans? You should be NFCA National Convention again filled with everything a softball coach would wish for LOUISVILLE, Ky. — When the NFCA chose #GetJazzed for its hashtag and theme for this year’s National Convention in New Orleans, it was a reference to the rich musical history in the host city. But the idea of getting jazzed also applies to the excitement generated by all the great opportunities during a packed week of learning, sharing and networking about everything softball. Download the all-new NFCA Convention App to your mobile device by searching “NFCA Convention 2016” in your app store (or clicking the QR code on page 3). The app will

be your guide to everything going on during the week. You can read speaker bios and get information on topics, your favorite activities and exhibitors, plus easily locate everything with maps of the hotel and exhibit hall. Personalize the Convention schedule to make sure you don’t miss an important moment (Can you mark everything?), take meeting notes, interact with other attendees and get easy access to the NFCA’s social media feeds — even arrange an Uber to see a little New Orleans culture after the day of learning has ended.

The learning starts before the Convention even officially begins, with a pair of National Fastpitch Coaches College (NFCC) Courses on Dec. 5-6. Those classes, Solid Team Defense and Strategy (Course 404) — taught by Hofstra head coach Larissa Anderson, Notre Dame head coach Deanna Gumpf and Washington head coach Heather Tarr — and Explosive Team Offense and Strategy (Course 405) — led by LSU assistant Howard Dobson, Utah head coach Amy Hogue and Nebraska assistant Diane SEE CONVENTION PAGE 5

Quartet set to take their place beside game’s greats Brock, Joseph, Stevens and Tschida to be inducted into NFCA Hall of Fame at Convention in New Orleans LOUISVILLE, Ky. — Longtime Sam Houston State University head coach Bob Brock, Michigan State University head coach and former NFCA President Jacquie Joseph, former University of Utah head coach and NFCA President Mona Stevens and University of St. Thomas head coach John Tschida comprise the Brock Joseph Stevens Tschida stellar induction class for this year’s Joseph and Stevens were both has contributed above and beyond to Hall of Fame Banquet during the NFCA National Convention at the elected in the Pioneer category, which the sport of fastpitch softball through recognizes an NFCA member who service, leadership, coaching and/or New Orleans Marriott.


Details on the star-studded lineup for the second-annual NFCA Coaches Clinic in January at the Horseshoe Southern Indiana.


Texas Bombers earn Travel Ball award Victory at ASA Nationals helped cement NFCA National Coaching Staff of the Year honor.


participation. The quartet will be inducted on Dec. 9 at the showcase moment of the NFCA membership’s annual gathering of the game’s best minds and ideas. A half-hour reception precedes the formal dinner and induction ceremony, which starts at 7 p.m. Brock, a Sam Houston State graduate, has led the Bearkats to 383 wins since returning to his alma mater SEE QUARTET PAGE 7

NEW MEMBERS................................. PAGE 4 TEAM SPOTLIGHT............................. PAGE 6 DIVISION I HCC MINUTES................. PAGE 8 EDUCATION..................................... PAGE 14 RULES CORNER ............................... PAGE 15 COUNSEL’S CORNER....................... PAGE 18



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The National Fastpitch Coaches Association is a multi-level coaching organization serving girl’s and women’s fastpitch coaches at all competitive levels of play. The NFCA strives to promote and develop the sport, coaching knowledge and leadership through the services it offers. Members of the NFCA receive 12 issues of Fastpitch Delivery, an annual calendar, discounts on various products and resource materials and the yearly NFCA Directory of Information. The NFCA also represents its members in organizations such as the ASA and NCAA and awards programs are offered for coaching wins and high school and collegiate All-America and Scholar-Athlete honors. The NFCA also holds a national convention in December, combining business meetings, coaching seminars, exhibits of top equipment and plenty of social and networking opportunities. Members also receive discounts to NFCC courses. CIRCLE APPROPRIATE CATEGORY



DI Head $225 DI Assoc $225 DI Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 DI Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 DII Head $140 DII Assoc $140 DII Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 DII Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 DIII Head $140 DIII Assoc $140 DIII Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 DIII Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 NAIA Head $95 NAIA Assoc $95 NAIA Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 NAIA Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 NJCAA I Head $95 NJCAA I Assoc $95 NJCAA I Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 NJCAA I Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 NJCAA II Head $95 NJCAA II Assoc $95 NJCAA II Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 NJCAA II Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 NJCAA III Head $95 NJCAA III Assoc $95 NJCAA III Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 NJCAA III Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 Cal JC Head $95 Cal JC Assoc $95 Cal JC Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 Cal JC Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 Other JC Head $95 Other JC Assoc $95 Other JC Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $95 Other JC Volunteer, Director of Ops, Student $80 High School Head $80 High School Assoc $80 High School Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting, All) $80 Travel Ball Head $80 Travel Ball Assoc $80 Travel Ball Asst (circle Pitching, Hitting or All) $80 Other Youth (Recreational, Middle School, JV) $80 International Coach (internet only) $45 International Asst (internet only) $45 Pro Head $100 Pro Asst $70 Non-Coaching Members All-Inclusive $60 (circle Former Coach, Instructor, School, Equipment Manufacturer, Player, Parent, Umpire, SID, other) Non-Coaching Members Internet Only $45 (circle Former Coach, Instructor, School, Equipment Manufacturer, Player, Parent, Umpire, SID, other)


Circle one: AmEx, Discover, Visa, MC

Dual Membership If you coach in another category and would like a dual membership for just $25 more, check the box and please underline your secondary category in the list at left.


Check Money Order

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SIGNATURE Mail application to NFCA, 2641 Grinstead Drive, Louisville, KY 40206 or fax to (502) 409-4622. You can also sign up online at or call (502) 4094600 for more information.

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NFCA Coaches Clinic returns in January

Keep the learning going after Convention with second-annual event at Horseshoe Southern Indiana LOUISVILLE, Ky. — Following a wildly-popular inaugural edition in 2016, the NFCA is pleased to announce the second annual NFCA Coaches Clinic on January 6-7 at the Horseshoe Southern Indiana in Elizabeth, Ind., which is just 15 minutes from downtown Louisville. The two-day clinic again features a lineup of highly-successful coaches and teachers of the game, and provides another great educational event for coaches to help them get a head start on the spring season. Those who are attending the NFCA National Convention in New

Orleans can keep the learning going after the holiday break. Attendees will be able to get valuable knowledge from a distinguished group of speakers and clinicians. This year’s lineup includes Cindy Bristow of Softball Excellence; Patty Gasso, the head coach of reigning Women’s College World Series champion University of Oklahoma; UCLA head coach Kelly Inouye-Perez; University of Kentucky head coach Ra-

chel Lawson and LSU head coach Beth Torina. The clinic features a variety of sessions covering all aspects of the game, with topics ranging from pitching mechanics and hitting to catcher development, practice planning, team building and coaching today’s student-athlete. In addition to the educational segments, there will be a “Last Coach Standing” contest and a social hour to close out the first day and exhibi-

tors on hand both days. The clinic is open to everyone who’d like to attend. You can even sign up to be an NFCA member at the clinic! High school, travel ball and youth members receive our exclusive Coaching Tools package. For more information about registration and hotel accommodations or to sign up to attend the clinic, visit and choose Coaches Clinic from the available choices or call (502) 409-4600.

NFCA ‘Power of One’ member drive scheduled to end soon LOUISVILLE, Ky. — The NFCA’s “Power of One” membership drive, which seeks to grow the Association by asking each member to get one new person to join, will be ending on Dec. 1. If each existing NFCA member gets just one new person to join, the Association will double in size in time for this year’s NFCA National Convention in New Orleans. One member will be drawn from the received referrals for their choice of prizes during the Convention’s annual Softball Summit, which is slated for 1:30 p.m. on Dec. 9 at the New Orleans Marriott. The winner, selected at random, will get to select two prizes from a list of five options, including a free trip to the 2017 NFCA

SEE THE LIST OF RECENT ENTRANTS ON PAGE 5 National Convention in Las Vegas, an VIP dinner with two NFCA Hall of Fame coaches at the 2017 Convention, a “Best of Softball” equipment package, a Best of Softball” educational package and a lifetime NFCA membership. Each time a member gets another person to join the NFCA that referring member gets another entry into the contest. There is no limit on the amount of entries an individual can have.

Fastpitch Delivery (USPS: 018-746) (ISSN: 1530-0978) Published on a monthly basis (12 times a year) by the National Fastpitch Coaches Association, 2641 Grinstead Drive, Louisville, KY 40206; phone (502) 409-4600; fax (502) 409-4622; email Subscriptions come with membership in the NFCA. Address corrections requested — POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Fastpitch Delivery, 2641 Grinstead Drive,

Louisville, KY 40206. Periodicals postage is paid at Louisville, KY. To suggest or submit an article for the newspaper, email editor Dave Hines at To receive information on membership, call (502) 409-4600 or visit the NFCA website at Carol Bruggeman — publisher — Dave Hines — editor —



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New Members Ernest Adams, Assistant Head Coach, Southern Oregon University; Gregg Agena, Assistant Coach, Aiea Warriors (Hawaii); Sara Allen, Assistant Coach, Montana State University-Billings; Nichole Andra, Group, Vienna Stars; Jacqueline Baird, Assistant Coach, Chattanooga State Community College; Tiffany Baker, Assistant Coach, Tennessee Technological University; Joshua Baltz, Assistant Coach, Moravian College; Art Banks, Head Coach, Roseville High School (Calif.); Ed Barclay, Head Coach, Pioneer High School (Calif.); Amy Barre, Assistant Coach, Hahnville High School (La.); Tiffany Barta, Head Coach, Saint Mary’s Hall (Texas); Taylor Bartlett, Head Coach, Galaxy Fastpitch ‘04; Kimberly Begley, Student Assistant, Cedar Crest College; Dave Bettencourt, Volunteer Assistant, Assumption College; Sarah Bigej, Assistant Coach, Henderson State University; Kayla Bixel, Assistant Coach, Western Kentucky University; Kerri Blackwell, Head Coach, West Virginia State University; Meghan Boles, Assistant Coach, Community High School (Texas); Kim Borders, Assistant Coach, Campbellsville University; Janelle Bouchard, Student Assistant, Eastern Nazarene College; Jamal Breaux, Assistant Coach, East St. John High School (La.); Kasey Britt, Assistant Coach, Young Harris College; Courtney Brothers, Student Assistant, Mercyhurst University; Bobby Buchanan, Assistant Coach, Southern University; Darren Buchwald, Head Coach, Fever (Md.); James Buckner, Assistant Coach, Volunteer State Community College; Kristine Burton, Assistant Coach, Southeastern Louisiana University; Kaitlin Calogera, Volunteer Assistant, Georgetown University; John Camp, Assistant Coach, Spain Park High School (Ala.); Geena Capitini, Student Assistant, Keiser University; Allison Carpenter, Assistant Coach, University of Northwestern St. Paul; Kevin Castillo, Volunteer Assistant, Long Beach State University; Adrienne Cataldo, Head Coach, University of South Carolina-Sumter; Paige Cavallin, Head Coach, Hanson Memorial High School (La.); John Chappell, Group, Glory Adkins-Berkhiser; Terry Choate, Assistant Coach, Wilson College; Colin Christiansen, Travel Head Coach, Pennsylvania Krunch Gold; Niki Cognigni, Head Coach, University of Pittsburg-Johnstown; Francesca Costanzo, Assistant Coach, Mercyhurst University; Courtney Cox, Director of Operations, Baylor University; Kirsten Cox, Assistant Coach, Warburg College; Haley Culbreth, Head Coach, Mary G. Montgomery High School (Ala.); Jody Davidson, Director of Operations, University of Mississippi; Erin Da Silva, Head Coach, LaJolla Country Day High School (Calif.); Aimee Davis, Head Coach, Tolono Unity High School (Ill.); Whitney Deaver, Head Coach, Bob Jones High School (Ala.); Katherine Deems, Head Coach, Freeport High School (Fla.); Tim DeJong, Assistant Coach, Sioux Falls Cyclones; Darin Delgado, Assistant Coach, American River College; Jeremy Dettmer, Head Coach, Trinity High School (Texas); Karavin Dew, Assistant Coach, Bevard College; Ken Shman, Head Coach, Atlanta Flames; Jenny Dowsey, Assistant Coach, Kenyon College; Kelli Duimstra, Volunteer Assistant, Hope College; Brianne Durfee, Assistant Coach, University of Nevada; Jason Easterling, Head Coach, Luvern High School (Ala.); Gregory Eberhardt, Fastpitch Instructor; Stephanie Engle, Assistant Coach, Chapman University; Greg Eschette, Head Coach, XLR8 Softball; Genevieve Estrada, Head Coach, Alexandria Senior High School (La.); Amanda Fazio, Assistant Coach, Denison University; Rebeka Ferguson, Volunteer Assistant, University of Illinois at Springfield; Mandy Ferro, Assistant Coach, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Torina Fite, Assistant Coach, Spring Arbor University; Jailyn Ford, Volunteer Assistant, James Mason University; Kayla Fortner, Assistant Coach, Quincy University; Kaycee Fowler, Head Coach, North Texas Titans; Scott Fowler, Head Coach, North Texas Titans; Elizabeth Fox, Assistant Coach, University of Minnesota, Crookston; Lauren Gambone, Assistant Coach, Bowling Green State University; Aurelia Gamch, Assistant Coach, Ottawa University; Lisa Gaskin, Assistant Coach, Benedictine University (Ill.); Lowell Gauff, Assistant Coach, East St. John High School (La.); Annie Gelbard, Volunteer Assistant, University of Maryland, Baltimore County; Megan Gibson-Loftin, Assistant Coach, University of Houston; Sarah Gipson, Student Assistant, Missouri Western State University; Lee Gilreath, Head Coach, Calvary Christian Academy; Shelby Gilreath, Assistant Coach, Calvary Christian Academy; Pat Grant, Assistant Coach, Mississippi College; Mark Hanway, Head Coach, Northland Reign Fastpitch; Audrey Harner, Assistant Coach, University of the Ozarks (Ark.); Shaunice Harris, Assistant Coach, California Baptist University; Terry Harper, Assistant Coach, The Kincaid School (Texas); Aubree Harsh, Volunteer Assistant, Emporia State University; Sabrina Hartsell, Assistant Coach, Daytona State College; Matt Headden, Head Coach, Oliver Springs High School (Tenn.); Shelby Hedrick, Assistant Coach, Tarleton State University; Betty Hicks, Head Coach, Leesville High School (La.); Alan Higuchi, Head Coach, Aiea High School (Hawaii)/Kamehameha Kapalama; Hei Hill, Head Coach, Brandon High School (Miss.); Mandy Hill, Assistant Head Coach, Linfield College; Britney Horan, Assistant Coach, Central Michigan University; Ashley Hoyle, Head Coach, West Ouachita High School (La.); Jessie Hutchens, Assistant Coach, Towson University; Maggie Hull-Tietz, Director of Operations, University of Kansas; Tim Hymel, Head Coach, Mandeville High School (La.); Teauna Jackson, Assistant Coach, Portland State University; Aaron James, Group, The Hitting Vault; Debbie Jameson, Assistant Coach, Columbia College (Mo.); Lester L. Jenkins, Head Coach, East St. John High School (La.); Mariah Jimenez, Assistant Coach, Western Oregon University; Mary-Ashley Jimenez, Assistant Coach, Brazoswood High School (Texas); Amanda Juneau, Head Coach, Evangel Christian Academy (La.); Laura Kabbaz, Student Assistant, Emporia State University; Barbara Kasabri, Assistant Coach, Kaboom (N.J.); Tim Kimball, Head Coach, Dexter High School (Mich.); Haley Kinnison, Assistant Coach, State Fair Community College; Brittany Lang, Volunteer Assistant, Fort Hays State University; Taylor Laskey, Assistant Coach, Lincoln Memorial University; Rachel Lawes, Assistant Coach, University of New Haven; Michael Lewis, Student Assistant, University of Missouri-Kansas City; Tory Lewis, Travel Assistant, Tennessee Fury Platinum; Jamie Lininger, Head Coach, New Riegel High School (Ohio); Lamar Lopez, Assistant Coach, Calallen High School (Texas); Gabriella Luety, Assistant Coach, Fordham University; Tom Madera, Volunteer Assistant, Eastern Connecticut State University; Travis Malone, Head Coach, Coalfield High School (Tenn.); Christina Martinez, Assistant Coach, Ohio Northern University; Morgan McGee, Volunteer Assistant, Santiago Canyon College; Fran McPherson, Assistant Coach, Marion County High School (Ga.); Kaitlyn Medlam, Assistant Coach, Georgia Southern University; Summer Melancon, Assistant Coach, Hahnville High School (La.); Sara Michalowski, Assistant Coach, Hofstra University; Erin Miller, Assistant Coach, U.S. Coast Guard Academy; Kevin Mills, Head Coach, Texas Bombers Sluggers Gold; Brenna Morrissey, Assistant Coach, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Katie Moss, Youth Rec Head Coach, Glen Allen Youth Athletic Association (Va.); Samantha Navarro, Youth; Laurie Neelis, Volunteer Assistant, University of Southern Mississippi; Robert Nelson, Youth Rec Head Coach, Lima City School (Ohio); Katherine Ocmand, Head Coach, East Ascension High School; Ted Okada, Head Coach, Hawaii Pumas; Christy Orgeron, Head Coach, TXFC Scrap Yard Dawgs; Kimberly Osovski, Assistant Coach, SUNY Cortland; Haley Outon, Head Coach, The Kincaid School (Texas); Dan Paley, Head Coach, Georgia Fire 06; Michael Palmer, Director of Operations, University of Houston; Beth Perkins, International Head Coach, U13 GB Girls Fastpitch; Shelby Pickett, Student Assistant, Georgia Institute of Technology; Paul Pierce, Group, Mill Creek High School (Ga.); Andrew Pirritano, Assistant Coach, Clarion University of Pennsylvania; Scott Pool, Head Coach, Scottsburg High School (Ind.); Caroline Powell, Assistant Coach, Pensacola State College; Dani Price, Volunteer Assistant, Baylor University; Kevin Quick, Head Coach, Chatfield Senior High School (Colo.); Rachael Reeves, Assistant Coach, Gulf Coast State College; Alicia Reid, Assistant Coach, Humboldt University; Rebecca Reinhart, Assistant Coach, Penn State Berks; Laura Ricciardone, Student Assistant, University of South Florida; Shelbee Rodgers, Student Assistant, Georgia Institute of Technology; Myrna Rodriguez, Assistant Coach, Southwest High School (Texas); Jackie Ryan, Head Coach, Nevada Community ISD (Texas); Amber Sather, Assistant Coach, Brazoswood High School (Texas); Mysha Sataraka, Volunteer Assistant, California State UniversityNorthridge; Aja Scheuber, Assistant Coach, Stanislaus State; Kevin Schlegel, Volunteer Assistant, Odessa College; Amy Schmeckpeper, Assistant Coach, Lamar Community College; Mathew Schultz, Head Coach, Ovid-Elsie (Mich.); Katherine Sebbane, Assistant Coach, Misericordia University; Keyur Shah, Head Coach, California Polytechnic State University; Kathleen Sharp, Assistant Coach, Donovan Catholic High School (N.J.); Russell Shaw, Assistant Coach, Hahnville High School (La.); Mason Shipman, Volunteer Assistant, University of Tennessee-Knoxville; Jessica Shults, Assistant Coach, University of Houston; Jennifer Sisson, Head Coach, Garland High School (Texas); James Spencer, Head Coach, Virginia Legends Premier; Kelsey Stoltman, Student Assistant, University of Northwestern St. Paul; Danielle Thacker, Assistant Coach, Shepherd University; Ashley Thomas, Assistant Coach, Belmont University; Lindsay Thomas, Volunteer Assistant, Virginia Tech; Shelby Tinklepaugh, Assistant Coach, Klein Collins High School (Texas); Courtney Trahan, Assistant Coach, Vista Ridge High School (Texas); Shana Treon, Assistant Coach, Holy Family University; Chase Turner, Assistant Coach, San Jose State University; Megan Turner, Assistant Coach, University of Findlay; Andrea Upchurch, Volunteer Assistant, University of West Alabama; Carly Van Auken, Assistant Coach, Piedmont College; Evan Van Metre, Assistant Coach, Atlanta Vipers Holbrook; Aubrey Voboril, Assistant Coach, Iowa Western Community College; Gabriel Waage, International Head Coach, Czech Republic; Sammy Wagner, Head Coach, Midwest Speed; Ashley Walden, Assistant Coach, Yuba College; Erika Warren, Assistant Coach, Indiana Tech; Casey Watt, Assistant Coach, Salinas Wildcats 12U; Arran Weeces, Assistant Coach, Saint Louis University; Lindsey Weikel, Assistant Coach, MCC Maple Woods; Matthew Wilhite, Assistant Coach, Western Kentucky University; Kellie Wilkerson, Assistant Coach, Portland State University; Curt Williams, Assistant Coach, Bossier Parish Community College; Erin Wolstenholme, Assistant Coach, Wells College; Dani Wondrasek, Head Coach, St. Gregory’s University; Katie Woolf, Head Coach, Gordon College (Mass.); Katelyn Yoder, Assistant Coach, Buena Vista University; Natalie Yonan, Volunteer Assistant, University of Toledo.



CONVENTION OFFERS LOTS OF GREAT OPPORTUNITIES CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Miller — are available for a reasonable add-on fee for those coaches arriving in town a little early. Also happening before things officially get started on Dec. 7 are a pair of pre-Convention seminars. Along with the four NFCC courses (there are two more at the end of the Convention), these two events are the only things not included in your allinclusive Convention registration. NFCA Hall of Famer Cindy Bristow of Softball Excellence will share her 30-plus years of knowledge in the Pitching Seminar, while an all-star group of coaches will lead Assistant Coaches University, which debuted at last year, in the other pre-Convention offering. Both events run noon-4 p.m. Things officially lead off later on Dec. 7 with the “First Pitch” Opening Welcome, which starts at 4:30 p.m.

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and features keynote speaker Brett Ledbetter, a motivational speaker best known for his “What Drives Winning” conference. At 6:30 p.m., head over to the USSSA Leadoff Reception, followed by the Wilson Sporting Goods Party at 9. On Dec. 8, early risers can start their day with the hour-long Beignet Buster group exercise session at 6:15 a.m., and still have time to fuel up before one of the many divisional caucuses with the Schutt Continental Breakfast, which starts at 7. DON’T MISS the Victory Club luncheon at 11:45 a.m., honoring the NFCA members who reached win milestones over the past year and then it’s time for the first opportunity to visit the terrific lineup of exhibitors that has been assembled. At 5 p.m., Mizuno hosts a happy hour in the exhibit hall before the wildly-popular Mentoring Workshop starts at 7. Keep the conversation going after the Mentoring Workshop ends with

the brand-new Extra Innings Fireside Chats, starting at 9 p.m., or choose to head the short distance down the street for the Diamond Sports/PGF Party at the House of Blues. On Dec. 9, early risers can start their day with the hour-long Mardi Gras Muscle group exercise session at 6:15 a.m., before breakfast at 7 and more speaking sessions. A new event, “Operate Like a Pro,” designed for the Director of Operations member group, starts at 9 a.m. Head back to the exhibit hall at noon to see all your favorite company reps and bid on some great items in the NFCA silent auction. Sports Attack will also announce the winner of its raffle at 1:15 p.m. The always-popular Softball Summit begins at 1:30 p.m., and high school, travel ball and youth members won’t want to miss the 3:30 p.m. “Grassroots Summit,” which is especially for them. The Coach Emeriti panel begins at 4 p.m. and always provides great insight from legends of the sport.


The showcase event of the entire Convention, of course, is the NFCA Hall of Fame Banquet at 7 p.m. If you’ve ever attended a Jacquie Joseph speaking session, you know the hilarious and talented Michigan State head coach alone would qualify for can’t-miss status. But the terrific induction class also includes former Utah head coach Mona Stevens, longtime Sam Houston State head coach Bob Brock and University of St. Thomas head coach John Tschida. BEFORE HEADING into the banquet, stop at the photo booth to get your professional headshot taken. This new feature is included in your Convention registration, so why not take a moment to get a great shot of yourself — and your staff if you’d like — while you’re all dressed up. The final day, Dec. 10, starts with the “Drills, Drills, Drills” session at 9 a.m. and continues with the NFCA SEE CONVENTION PAGE 7

NFCA ‘Power of One’ membership drive Latest referring members (new member): John Byrne, Moravian College (Joshua Baltz, Moravian College); Carla Passini, Quincy University (Kayla Fortner, Quincy University); Don Stopa, University of Minnesota-Crookston (Elizabeth Fox, University of Minnesota-Crookston); Jessica Bracamonte, Central Michigan University (Brittney Horan, Central Michigan University); Donna Koczajowski, U.S. Coast Guard Academy (Erin Miller, U.S. Coast Guard Academy); Christy Connoyer, St. Louis University (Arran Weeces, St. Louis University); Corrinne Brunn, La Jolla Country Day High School (Erin Da Silva, La Jolla Country Day High School); Kristen Butler, University of Toledo (Natalie Yonan, University of Toledo); Connie May, TX FC Scrap Yard Dawgs (Christy Orgeron, TX FC Scrap Yard Dawgs); Jill Carpenter, Sycamore High School (Samantha Navarro, Youth Recreational Head Coach); Lisa Camarco, Santiago Canyon College (Morgan McGee, Santiago Canyon College); Mary VandeHoef, Hope College (Kelli Duimstra, Hope College); Leanne Baker, Mercyhurst University (Francesca Costanzo, Mercyhurst University); Kent Chambers, Coach Emeriti (Whitney Deaver, Bob Jones High School); Pat Conlan, Georgetown University (Kaitlin Calogera, Georgetown University); Danielle Spaulding, Long Beach State University (Kevin Castillo, Long Beach State University); Wendy Spratt, Columbia College (Debbie Jameson, Columbia College); Blythe Golden, Chattanooga State Community College (Jacqueline Baird, Chattanooga State Community College); Jacquie Joseph, Michigan State University (Robert Nelson, Lima City School); A.J. Daugherty, Wallace State Community College-Hanceville (Sallie Burch, Wallace State Community College-Hanceville); Erin O’Neil, Kenyon College (Jenny Dowsey, Kenyon College); Sandra Hernandez, Southwest High School (Myrna Rodriguez, Southwest High School); Emily Russell, Lee University (Katherine Deems, Freeport High School); Davon Ortega, Holy Family University (Shana Treon, Holy Family University); Jacqueline Mangola, Ohio Northern University (Christina Martinez, Ohio Northern University); Natalie Layden, Lincoln Memorial University (Taylor Laskey, Lincoln Memorial University); Katie Bettencourt, Assumption College (Dave Bettencourt, Assumption College); Steve Alcorn, Spring Hill College (Terry Choate, Willson College); Greg Bachkora, University of Missouri-Kansas City (Michael Lewis, University of Missouri-Kansas City; Diana Pepin, Eastern Connecticut State University (Tom Madera, Eastern Connecticut State University); Julie Lenhart, SUNY Cortland (Kim Osovski, SUNY Cortland); Nat Wagner, Augustana University (Sammy Wagner, Midwest Speed); McKewn Dannelly, University of West Alabama (Andrea Upchurch, University of West Alabama); Cyndi Covello, DePaul Catholic High School (Barbara Kasabri, Kaboom); Danielle Lowe, University of Findlay (Megan Turner, University of Findlay); April Huddleston, Emporia State University (Laura Kabbaz, Emporia State University); Beth Rodriguez, Kinkaid High School (Terry Harper, Kinkaid High School); Beth Rodriguez, Kinkaid High School (Haley Duton, Kinkaid High School); Andy Watt, Hartnell College (Casey Watt, Salinas Wildcats 12U); Lyndsey Talbot, State Fair Community College (Haley Kinnison, State Fair Community College); Wendy Hogue, University of Southern Mississippi (Laurie Neelis, University of Southern Mississippi); April Huddleston, Emporia State University (Aubree Harsh, Emporia State University); Lester L. Jenkins, East St. John High School (Jamal Breaux, East St. John High School); Lester L. Jenkins, East St. John High School (Lowell Gauff, East St. John High School); Ryan Wondrasek, University of Nebraska-Omaha (Dani Wondrasek, St. Gregory’s University); Lisa Delgado, American River College (Darin Delgado, American River College); Leanne Baker, Mercyhurst University (Courtney Brothers, Mercyhurst University); Dani Bishop, Eastern Nazarene College (Janelle Bouchard, Eastern Nazarene College); Meadow McWhorter, Portland State University (Kellie Wilkerson, Portland State University); Meadow McWhorter, Portland State University (Ricky McWhorter, Portland State University); Meadow McWhorter, Portland State University (Teauna Jackson, Portland State University); Scot Thomas, Virginia Tech (Lindsay Thomas, Virginia Tech); Alicia du’Monceaux, University of Northwestern-St. Paul (Kelsey Stoltman, University of Northwestern-St. Paul); Alicia du’Monceaux, University of Northwestern-St. Paul (Allison Carpenter, University of Northwestern-St. Paul); C.J. Hawkins, Spain Park High School (John Camp, Spain Park High School); Karen Weekly, University of Tennessee-Knoxville (Colin Christiansen, University of Tennessee-Knoxville); Karen Weekly, University of Tennessee-Knoxville (Tory Lewis, University of Tennessee-Knoxville); Mickey Dean, James Madison University (Jailyn Ford, James Madison University); Kary Kankey, MCC Maple Woods (Lindsey Weikel, MCC Maple Woods); Deb Thomas, Spring Arbor University (Torina Fite, Spring Arbor University).


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Joni Schmidt, Membership Services Specialist EDITOR’S NOTE: This is a feature in Fastpitch Delivery to help members get to know the NFCA team a little better.

NFCA Membership Services Specialist Joni Schmidt grew up in Louisville, Ky., not far from the NFCA headquarters, in a neighborhood across the street from a recreational softball park. “I guess that’s how it all started,” Schmidt said. She went on to become the founder of the club softball team at the University of Louisville and is currently the head softball coach of the 14U Lady Mustangs locally. A fan of any type of adventure — horseback riding, hiking, even plunging 300 feet into a canyon — Schmidt has a close-knit family, including her two siblings and a pair of personable golden retrievers. “I have a wonderful family,” Schmidt noted. “My parents mean the world to me. I have two amazing sisters.” After joining the NFCA as intern, she quickly established herself as a valuable teammate and was the easy choice to become a full-time member of the staff when Katelyn Funchess moved into the Membership Services Coordinator role.


How long has she been on the NFCA team? She started as an intern in January 2016 and joined the team full-time this past May. Why did you want to join the NFCA team? “I attended the 2016 NFCA Coaches Clinic as a nonmember coach and was amazed by the amount of knowledge, information and resources the NFCA provides coaches. I remember convincing myself to approach (Executive Director) Carol Bruggeman after the clinic to inquire about possible volunteer work. I am a student at the University of Louisville, majoring in Sports Administration, and played softball my whole life so the NFCA became my dream job. I started interning a couple of weeks later and my dream came true!” What do you like most about working for the NFCA? “My teammates and our members. We all have each other’s back and know how to execute a “game plan” by working together. I answer our phones the majority of the time and enjoy the conversations I have with the many coaches I encounter from all over the country.” What is the best quality you provide to the NFCA and its members? “Finding solutions. I enjoy making others happy. I will go out of my way to help anyone with what they are looking for.” What do you do for fun or find yourself doing when you’re not working? “Besides binge-watching a few TV shows, I love to play my guitar, piano, and sing. I love all kinds of music, but mostly R&B and Country.”


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Tennessee’s Weekly new NFCA President

Volunteers’ co-head coach, four other newcomers slated to join Association’s Board of Directors LOUISVILLE, Ky. — The NFCA recently announced five new faces on the Association’s Board of Directors, including new Board President Karen Weekly, the co-head coach at the University of Tennessee. Hofstra University’s Larissa Anderson and James Madison University’s Mickey Dean are the new Fourth and Fifth Vice Presidents, respectively, while St. Pius X (Mo.) High head coach Kevin Halley and Premier Fastpitch’s Shelli Nolte join the Board as the new High School and Travel Ball representatives.

One of the Board’s most familiar faces, Rhonda Revelle, the longtime head coach at the University of Nebraska, is moving from President to Past President, while new Purdue University head coach Boo De Oliveira was re-elected as Second Vice President. Faulkner University head coach Hal Wynn is coming back as NAIA rep, San Diego City College head coach LeeAnn Taylor was selected

NFCA will honor NJCAA Executive Director Leicht LOUISVILLE, Ky. – The NFCA is set to honor longtime National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) Executive Director Mary Ellen Leicht, with the Association’s Distinguished Service Award, which has been presented only twice before. “The NFCA is proud to honor Mary Ellen Leicht with our prestigious ‘Distinguished Service Award’,” said Executive Director Carol Bruggeman.

CONVENTION OFFERS LOTS OF GREAT OPPORTUNITIES CONTINUED FROM PAGE 5 Champions Brunch, where the Coaching Staffs of the Year are saluted and the players in town for the USA Softball Olympian Alumni Celebration Game later that night against the Louisville Slugger Warriors will be recognized. The popular roundtable topics have been rebranded this year as Chalk Talks. There are four to choose from, starting at 1 p.m. At 3 p.m., Alabama assistant Stephanie VanBrakle talks about making the move from pitcher to pitching coach and Denison head coach

“Mary Ellen has been an innovative leader throughout her career and has played a vital role in the growth of the NJCAA.” “Her service and commitment to student-athletes and the NJCAA is unmatched. The NFCA recognizes and appreciates her outstanding accomplishments and service to the NJCAA community and to the sport of softball.”

to continue as Cal JC rep and the University of Nebraska’s Diane Miller will remain the Assistant Coach rep. Others continuing to serve on the Board are University of South Carolina assistant coach Lisa Navas (First Vice President), University of Notre Dame assistant coach Kris Ganeff (Third Vice President), University of Memphis head coach Natalie Poole (NCAA Division I rep), Wayne State University’s Gary Bryce (NCAA Division II rep), Eastern Connecticut State University head coach Di-


in 2002. He previously was head coach at Baylor from 1980-81 and Texas A&M from 1982-96. Brock coached six teams to the Women’s College World Series, winning NCAA national championships with the Aggies in 1983 and 1987 and finishing as runner-up in 1984 and 1986. Texas A&M also won an AIAW national title under Brock in 1982. He is one of only 29 head coaches in NCAA history to total more than 1,000 Tiffany Ozbun discusses catching at 4 career softball victories. He won his p.m. 1,100th game in 2016. That allows enough time for everyone to board the buses provided BROCK WAS head coach of the to head to the nearby University of Tampa Bay Firestix in the Women’s New Orleans for the 6 p.m. Olympian Professional Fastpitch League and Alumni softball game. If you don’t want to leave just yet, the previously managed his own hitting NFCA offers two more NFCC classes and pitching clinics in College Station, on Dec. 10-12 — Advanced Analysis Texas. Since taking over the Spartan of Hitting, Pitching and Short-Game program in 1994, Joseph has been the Skills (Course 402) with RightView Pro’s Don Slaught, LSU head coach winningest coach in program history, Beth Torina and UCLA assistant Kirk guiding Michigan State to 634 victories Walker; and Coaching Dynamic Team and four NCAA Regional appearances. Practices (Course 406) with Bristow, She reached 700 career wins in 2013 James Madison head coach Mickey and has nearly 800 triumphs as a head Dean and Florida State head coach coach, which includes five years at Lonni Alameda. Bowling Green University.

ana Pepin (NCAA Division III rep), Kirkwood Community College’s Joe Yegge (NJCAA rep) and former LSU and Louisiana-Lafayette head coach Yvette Girouard (Coach Emeriti rep). Like all NFCA committee elections, each person who is named to the 17-member Board is selected by their peers and slated to serve one three-year term starting on Jan. 1. To see the results of all the various NFCA committee elections, click on the PDF link in this story online at Joseph is a former NFCA Board member, completing a four-year run as president in 1998, and has also served on the NCAA softball committee. She is also an individual and team member of the Carman-Ainsworth High School Hall of Fame and a member of the 1982 softball team inducted into the Central Michigan Hall of Fame. STEVENS COMPILED a 281239-1 record over nine seasons as the Utes head coach and, like Joseph, is a former NFCA president. She spent 17 years in the Utah program, first as a standout pitcher and hitter from 197880, and later as an assistant coach from 1981-84. She returned to the Utes program after a stint (1994-97) as the associate head coach at UMass. Tschida has won nearly 85 percent of his games over 16 years at St. Thomas, going 641-112 and capturing backto-back NCAA Division III national championships in 2004-05. In 22 collegiate seasons, which includes six years at St. Mary’s (Minn.), where he won the 2000 national title, Tschida has a record of 856-157. His .845 winning percentage is the best for any coach in Division III history and he was the first NCAA coach to win national crowns at two schools when the Tommies collected their first title in 2004.


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Texas Bombers collect Travel Ball honors LOUISVILLE, Ky. – On the heels of its 16U Gold championship at ASA Nationals, the Texas Bombers were recently recognized by their member peers as the 2016 NFCA Travel Ball National Coaching Staff of the Year. Head coach Scott Smith, who picked up his 1,000th victory this summer, and assistants Stan Wells, Katie Repole and Shane Courtney, led the Bombers to a 12-3 win over the Kansas City Originals in the title game to finish 9-0 and as the only undefeated team in the 34-team field. Prior to that win, the Bombers captured the Texas State championship and finished fifth and ninth,

respectively, at the Colorado Sparkler Power Pool 32 and ASA Junior Olympic Cup. While posting a 33-3 summer mark, the team climbed to a No. 3 national ranking. The Bombers previously earned South Central Region Coaching Staff of the Year honors, joining their 18U Gold staff, who earned the regional accolade last year.

The other regional award winners are: EAST Churchville Lightning 16U Head coach Tim Favazza and assistant coaches Joe Stiles and Brian Hill. NORTH South Dakota Renegades Head coach Mike Mook and assistant coaches Dale Goetschius and Jenelle Trautman.

SOUTH Tennessee Mojo Head coach Mike Danley and assistant coaches Mike Greenwood and Richie Davis. WEST Firecrackers Rico Head coach Tony Rico, assistant coaches Kenny McMeechan, Rob Weil, Don Minard, Jim Trott and Norm Perez, and team coordinator Robyn Ferris.

Colombian Softball Federation President dies CARTAGENA, Colombia — Argemiro Bermúdez Villadiego, the president of the Colombian Softball Federation and a veteran sports and political leader died of pneumonia Nov. 9 at the University Hospital of Cartagena.

He was the director of the Colombian Olympic Committee, a member of Columbia’s liberal party and senator of the Republic, as well as Cartagena council member for 10 years. He also spearheaded the proj-

ect to build the softball stadium later named for him that was used for the 2006 Central American Games of the Caribbean. — Courtesy of World Baseball Softball Federation

steps for Legislation in 2016-2017 Cycle. 1. Softball coaches push for conference support through Athletics Directors and Conference Commissioners once the proposals are published (September, 2016) by the NCAA. 2. Softball coaches include legislation on agendas for respective conference annual meetings. Use the talking points sent by NFCA Executive Director Carol Bruggeman to assist with on-campus discussions and in annual conference meetings. 3. From September, 2016-April, 2017 HCC sub-groups will lobby respective NCAA Committees on the legislation. 5. Division I Hot Topics & Sub-Committees. A. The HCC reviewed the sub-committees created for the purpose of advancing discussions on potential legislation, rule changes, game management and other current issues specific to Division I softball. Each HCC representative should be soliciting feedback from their fellow conference institutions. B. Sub-committees were created to match institutional and conference members on specific committees with those corresponding representatives on the HCC whenever possible. Content area matched with the subcommittee was done to create consistency with the Division I committee structure. Any changes in committee placement should be sent to Division I liaison Joanna Lane. Discussions for each subcommittee should commence by mid-

October. 6. NCAA Division I Championship Feedback. The NCAA submitted their formal response to the Division I Championship Feedback this past month. This document was sent to the HCC prior to the October call and all HCC members should send on to conference institutions. 7. Joint Proposal for the De-regulation of Scouting. HCC members were given a joint proposal from the American Hockey Coaches Association (Men’s and Women’s Ice Hockey), National Field Hockey Coaches Association (Women’s Field Hockey), Intercollegiate Men’s Lacrosse Coaches Association (Men’s Lacrosse), Intercollegiate Women’s Lacrosse Coaches Association (Women’s Lacrosse), and the National Soccer Coaches Association of America (Men’s and Women’s Soccer) and asked to provide feedback from their conference’s member institutions on whether or not softball is interested in joining the proposal to de-regulate in person scouting. 8. Playing Field Diagram. HCC members were reminded that there is a diagram of the approved playing field in the rule book and that diagram should be provided to those responsible preparing fields for game day use to ensure a legal playing field. 9. Conference Call. The next HCC conference call will be held at 11 a.m. EDT on Tuesday, November 1, 2016. 10. Adjournment. The meeting was adjourned at 11:40 a.m. EDT.


October 4, 2016 Telephone Conference No. 2016-10 The meeting was brought to order at 11 a.m. EDT. Those present were: Danielle Henderson, America East Conference; Jen McIntyre, American Athletic Conference; Lonni Alameda, Atlantic Coast Conference; Bridget Orchard, Atlantic 10 Conference; Megan Smith, Big 12 Conference ; Amy Kvilhuag, Big East Conference; Jamie Pinkerton, Big Sky Conference; Dot Richardson, Big South Conference; Erin Thorpe, Big West Conference; Larissa Anderson, Colonial Athletic Association; Wendy Hogue, Conference USA; Lynn Curylo, Horizon League; Jen Goodwin, Ivy League; Melissa Inouye, Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference; Christina Sutcliffe, Mid-American Conference; Laura Watten, Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference; Amy Hayes, Missouri Valley Conference; Jen Fisher, Mountain West Conference, alternate; Roy Kortmann, Northeast Conference; Jane Worthington, Ohio Valley Conference; Mike White, Pacific 12 Conference; Ashley Waters, Patriot League; Beverly Smith, Southeastern Conference; Amanda Gamboa, Southland Conference; Nakeya Hall, Southwestern Athletic Conference; Annie Smith, Sun Belt Conference; Holly Van Vlymen, The Summit League; Jessica Rodgers, West Coast Conference; Kathy Rodolph, Western Athletic Conference. Vickie Van Kleeck, NCAA SecretaryRules Editor, Guest; Donna Vavirnec,


NCAA Softball National Coordinator of Umpires. Guest. Natalie Poole, NFCA Division I Representative; Carol Bruggeman, NFCA Executive Director; Joanna Lane, NFCA Division I Liaison Jen Steele, Atlantic Sun Conference; Amanda Lehotak, Big Ten Conference; and Jim Clift, Southern Conference, were not on the call. 1. Approval of September Minutes. It was moved (Larissa Anderson) and seconded (Jen McIntyre) that the September Minutes be approved. 2. HCC Administrative Items. A. Introduction of Joanna Lane as new NCAA Division I Liaison B. Reminder of Convention Date, Dec 7-10 in New Orleans, LA 3. NCAA Rules. Vickie Van Kleeck, NCAA Softball Secretary-Rules Editor A. Reminded the HCC that the current NCAA official ball for post-season play is the Rawlings NC12L. Any ball meeting the specifications stated in rule 3.2 on page 33 of the rule book may be used for regular season play. B. Reminded the HCC to have all rule proposals submitted by early January as the rules survey will be distributed by midJanuary. 4. NCAA Legislation. A. HCC members were encouraged to review the distributed rules proposals in order to discuss during the November call. B. Division I Softball Coaches next


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Nasti’s nice approach has paid dividends

Caring for players at the heart of Adelphi head coach’s philosophy for softball success By DAVE HINES Editor Don’t mistake Bree Nasti’s freespirit, easy-going nature as a lack of commitment to her players and her program. Sure, the Adelphi University head coach likes to have fun, as evidenced by her hilariously well-crafted Tip Tuesday videos and clever social media posts. But when it comes time to compete, Nasti and the Panthers perform as well as any team in the country. Adelphi has played in the NCAA tournament all four of her seasons at the helm, and the last two years has been one of the final eight teams that advanced to the Division II Championship. “I think our goal every year is to qualify for NCAAs,” Nasti said. “We don’t think too far ahead, but we should (at least) make NCAAs every year.” Nasti is a former NFCA Division I All-Region player at the University of Buffalo, and still ranks among the career leaders at the school — including first in batting average, runs batted in and walks; second in hits, doubles, triples and home runs; and third in runs scored. But she said that doesn’t mean much these days. “Success as a player has very little to do (with success as a coach),” she said. “I think being a good player helps on the front end. Kids are more likely to listen.”

Adelphi head coach Bree Nasti has positioned the Panthers as one of NCAA Division II’s elite teams. Courtesy Adelphi University Sports Information.

“I’m good at driving a car, so should I open the hood? No.” My associate head coach (Ophir Sadeh) is a man (coaching women) that could totally run this program and he didn’t play collegiate athletics. The ability to do is different from knowing how to coach.” Their coaching came in handy the last two seasons, when Adelphi’s winloss record to start the season was not a reflection of their talent level. The Panthers started 0-11 to start 2015 and lost eight of their first 10 games in

2016, before finishing 31-22 and 3522, respectively. What it was, though, was a measure of the talent level of the teams they were playing. That was Nasti’s plan all along — play the top teams early, so you can be a better team later. “If I had different kids, that could have ruined our season,” Nasti admitted. “This generation is not as good at struggles. They don’t know struggling can make you better.” “The East Region is (often) overlooked. If we go to California and

compete, we help our region more than we help ourselves gain respect. Let’s best prepare ourselves and show we can play well here (in the East). That grows our sport.” Nasti knew she’d be impressed with the level of talent in those early games against elite competition. But what impressed her most surprised her. “I thought the pitching was going to be the big difference,” she said. “The lineups were the difference. The eighth SEE NASTI PAGE 19

IN THE DUGOUT WITH BREE NASTI 1) How has the game changed in the time you’ve been coaching? “With anything, the longer you go, it gets faster, it gets smarter. I’m always amazed when the Olympics are on. How can we get faster and continue to break records?” 2) What are some problems coaches now face that are different from when you started coaching? “Level of commitment. Kids are much more willing to replace interests. The word experience gets used too much, but (softball) becomes part of a college experi-

ence and the commitment gets lost. Sacrifice and commitment. When we used to ask players what they want, they wanted to win a championship. Now, they want to have a good experience and make friends.” 3) If you knew then what you know now, how would your coaching have been different? “I think there’s times I was more argumentative. I worked with a sports psychology guy and that helped me more than (if I kept coaching during that time). Kids don’t care what you did. They want to know what you can do for them.”

4) Is there a secret to success in coaching? ”It’s being genuine and being true to who you are and developing a philosophy around that. That makes it sustainable. Kids can pick up on not being genuine more quickly than anything.” 5) What would your ideal season be like? “Undefeated (laughs). Winning a national championship is really hard. You never wish it, but learning lessons through adversity. Playing in postseason, winning games and doing things we’ve never done before would be a perfect season.”


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Helping raise the mental game for pitchers By MEGAN BROWN, Ph.D Assistant Coach, Boston College So many times I have been asked, “How often do you work on the mental side of pitching?” My answer, “Every day.” I am a firm believer in training the mental game alongside the physical game. Our game is a constant combination of skills. We combine catching and throwing to make defensive plays, we combine hitting and running on offense. So why not train mental toughness along with great pitching? Now this is not a call to abolish mental training outside of the bullpen. That is a necessary part of training for games. This month, I just wanted to share a few things I have found to keep or add mental training to the bullpen. The first aspect to mental training is to develop a working relationship with your pitchers that allows them to freely discuss ways and times they struggle with the mental game. Admitting you have a struggle is never easy. It is important for coaches to create an environment that encourages them to share struggles so they can get stronger. This also makes it much easier to design workouts that will challenge them in areas they struggle. It is also important to know where they think they struggle as opposed to where we think they struggle. For instance, you might have a kid that you think is great at working out of jams, she might think she is terrible at them. So even though you think she is fine in this area it will be important for her to

work on this prior to games. Once you have created the right environment and gathered some information, the fun begins. I wanted to share a few things that I have found helpful to grow pitchers mentally. Pitchers will have a natural rhythm by which they like to pitch. Some will be fast, others will be slow, but they all have one they really like and feel they perform best when working at their rhythm. Every good team will do anything possible to throw off this rhythm, so training for disrupting this rhythm is important. A drill I like, especially if you are in a gym with a clock, is to require them to pitch based on time. You can have them do any type of pitching you like, they can work on a specific pitch, they can throw to batters, they can mix speeds, the choice is yours. The whole key is they can only throw pitches when time says they can. So at first they can only throw a pitch every 45 seconds, then you change to 30 seconds, then you bump it to one minute, then they have to throw a pitch every 15 seconds, then every 10 seconds. The time can change as much as you like, but this will teach them to refocus for batters who step out or call time out a lot, and it will also help them when the game is fast-paced and they still have to throw pitches well. It will give you a good idea of the pace they prefer, so if you call pitches you can help them maintain their rhythm. One of the biggest areas I see pitchers struggle with mentally is preventing their brain from taking the train to crazy town. We have all been there,

the moment and emotions get us so stirred up our brains cannot even think straight. This happens to pitchers as well. To train for this it is important to create an environment that challenges them physically as well as mentally. This workout is basically “Are you smarter than a first grader.” The workout starts with them having one minute to throw 10 pitches to a specific standard. It can be a speed, movement, location, count appropriate, first-pitch strikes, whatever you are working on at that particular time. It does not matter how many pitches it takes to get 10, they just have to get 10 in one minute. As soon as they finish the minute, they have 25 seconds to answer correctly 10 math flashcards. You can make these or I bought first-grade math cards at the store. I also have some that are states and capitals — the cards can be anything that makes them think. If you are really on the ball, have them bring their study cards for an upcoming test. Once the 25 seconds are up, they immediately have to go back for one minute of a different pitch and standard and then 25 more cards. This can repeat itself as many times as you like. If they do not control their mind, this will overwhelm them. There is also the added pressure of penalties for not getting the 10-pitch standards or 10 cards correct. If they did not get 10 pitches to standard or 10 cards correctly, they have some type of exercise to be done at the end of the workout. The number of reps depends

Megan Brown is an assistant coach at Boston College. She earned her doctorate in kinesiology from Auburn University and was a threetime All-America pitcher at Florida Southern College, earning Hall of Fame induction for both her alma mater and the Sunshine State Conference. After college, Brown played in National Pro Fastpitch from 2007-09 and competed in Europe from 2010-13.

upon how many they lack to 10. You can choose any exercise you like. I use multiples of 10 or 20 to make it more interesting. For instance, if you only get eight of your 10 pitches, you lack two, so you have two times 10 squat jumps to make up those pitches. All of the exercises are done at the completion of the workout. I like this because it also challenges them to not have any exercises by getting their 10 for pitches and cards. It is also a point of pride to be able to say “I am smarter than a first grader.” Mental training is imperative to great pitching. With a bit of creativity, it can be fun and help pitchers keep their minds on track and ready for those high-pressure situations.

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There’s so substitute for accuracy with subs By JOHN BENNETT Longtime Umpire Making substitutions and changing the lineup during a game are frequent occurrences. They may involve a straightforward change, such as a pinch hitter or pinch runner; a simple defensive switch; or a more complicated substitution involving the DP/Flex. REGARDLESS of the complexity of the change, it is very important to complete the process with the plate umpire with clear and accurate communications. If substitutions or lineup changes are not recorded properly, incorrect substitutions may be subject to penalties. Each code has slightly different terms for incorrect substitutions, but basically these can be condensed to: unreported substitution, misreported substitution, projected substitution, illegal player and ineligible player. Illegal and ineligible player substitutions will be subjects for a future column. Who can report a substitute? There are differences among the codes as to who can report a substitute or lineup change to the plate umpire. • ASA — must be made by the manager or team representative. • NCAA — must be made by any coach. • NFHS — may be made by the substitute or a coach • USSSA — teams are required to report all substitutes to the plate umpire. Editor’s note: The Rules Corner column in the June 2016 issue of Fastpitch Delivery discussed what happens when a substitute is not listed on the lineup card. Projected substitutions The term “projected sub” may be confusing and has led to some recent discussions, especially with the rule change in NFHS in 2016 allowing what once was considered a projected

sub. The intent of the rule to disallow projected substitutions in all codes can be explained by these two examples: • A coach gives the umpire a substitution for the upcoming batter who is a starting player, and at the same time states that the starting player will reenter when the team goes on defense • The coach tells the umpire that the Flex will run for the DP and at the same time tells the umpire that the DP will reenter at the end of the inning. In both examples the umpire can take only the current substitution and tell the coach to give him/her the reentry when the team goes on defense. THERE HAS BEEN a difference of opinion among both coaches and umpires as to whether announcing a change in the batting order for a player who is not the current batter is a projected sub or not. A typical example is when a team is starting their offensive half-inning and the coach wants to substitute for both the first and second batter in the inning. This has been interpreted by NCAA and ASA as a projected sub since the on-deck batter is not yet at bat. The reasoning is that the on-deck batter is not immediately participating in the game. The opposing view contends that a sub who goes into any spot in the batting order is immediately participating, as she is now in the batting order. This logic is consistent with the fact that the umpires accept the starting lineup with nine or 10 players, since they are all participating by the mere fact that they are in the batting order. This opposing view was solidified, at least by NFHS, by their rule change for 2016 that added a definition for Projected Substitute. This new definition (2-57-4) and a Casebook play which states the offensive coach may enter four substitutes at the beginning of the half-inning, clarifies that any change in the batting order

during the offensive half-inning is allowed. Unreported substitutions An unreported substitute is a substitute who has a legal right to participate in the game but has not been reported to the umpire. NCAA includes “Misreported Player” in their unreported substitute rule and adds to the definition “… or has been inaccurately reported to the umpire …” Penalties will apply if a substitution is not reported to the umpire or the umpire misunderstands the substitution. See the section below entitled, “Working with the umpire to get it right.” • ASA — handled as protest, play stands and the sub is officially in the game. There are two exceptions for which the play does not remain as played: o Unreported sub just completed turn at bat and discovered before next pitch – just like batting out of order; sub is out, all other outs on the play stand, runners return. o Unreported sub is a defensive player who makes a play and it is discovered before the next pitch – the offensive coach has an option of taking the result of the play or nullify the play with the last batter returning to bat with the same count and runners return. • NCAA — handled as an appeal; unreported substitute penalties apply if not reported to the plate umpire and a pitch has been thrown or a play made. The penalties depend on the exact situation and are very detailed. See rule 8.3.3 in the 2016 NCAA Rule Book. • NFHS — not an appeal or protest; the umpire can take action if noticed. A team warning is issued to the coach; for a second offense, the offender and the coach shall be restricted to the dugout. • USSSA — team warning; on the

John Bennett has nearly three decades of umpiring experience in fastpitch softball, working high school, travel and college games. He umpired at the NAIA National Championship Series from 1998-2003, and has umpired in National Pro Fastpitch, dating back to when it was known as Women’s Pro Fastpitch and the Women’s Professional Softball League. Bennett has umpired Pac-12 and Big West conference contests for many years, earning standing as a crew chief, and has worked many Division I Regional and Super Regional games. He worked the 2013 and 2014 Division II National Championship Series in Virginia. The CCSUA Chairperson of Education and Training, Bennett has served on the NCAA Softball Rules Committee as the active official and is chair of the NFCA Rules and Officials Committee.

second offense, the head coach is ejected. Working with the umpire to get it right As mentioned above, an unreported substitution could occur if the plate umpire misunderstands the substitution or records it incorrectly. This may not seem fair, but it is the rule in all codes. The plate umpire’s lineup card is the only information that can be used when a problem occurs with the lineup. It takes precedence over the official scorebook. However, the plate umpire may work with the official scorekeeper to help rectify the situation. Umpires are instructed to handle substitutions carefully and accurately. Coaches can help to ensure this SEE THERE’S PAGE 19


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Mental training is important to performance By AARON WEINTRAUB Mental Training Expert Great athletes are consistent because they are mentally tough. They have other assets as well, but none require as much courage and relentlessness as giving your best effort one step at a time, accepting whatever happens and then doing it again. Mental toughness, simply, is the ability to do what needs to be done right now. MANY SMART athletes believe that all it takes to win is talent and hard work, but sometimes you — a talented, hard-working athlete — perform lousy. Experience teaches that: Talent plus hard work does not always equal performance. Why do athletes perform well at certain times but poorly at others? Why do many work hard and have talent, but still fail to consistently get the results that they expect and deserve? Are they practicing efficiently? Do they know what to do to guarantee a successful performance in “clutch” situations? That is possible if success is defined in controllable terms. The solutions exist not in athletes’ physical skills or abilities, but in their mental skills. Mental skills training allows athletes to bridge the gap between potential and performance, and consistently give best-effort performances. If you are clear about what you want to do, courageous enough to develop self-awareness, and disciplined enough to build habits of successful thoughts, feelings and behaviors, success is assured. Mental skills training significantly improves both rate of learning and performance under pressure. As the level of play increases, the impact of the mental side of the game increases, in large part because the differences in athletes’ physical skills diminish.


The physical mechanics of sports are often taught with impressive skill, but softball is typically a sink-or-swim world when it comes to mental skills. This is odd, since mental toughness is the mark of every great player. However, it is also good news, because it means that you can get an edge over your competition by practicing your mental skills. Most coaches know that attitude, focus, teamwork, self-control, confidence, courage and other mental skills are key ingredients for leadership and execution. Still, many do not dedicate much time to teaching these skills. Some coaches teach them haphazardly and some figure that the cream naturally rises to the top. It is not uncommon to hear a coach request (or demand) confidence and focus, but it is, unfortunately, unusual for them to tell their athletes how to achieve these skills. THE TOP COACHES in the country have a clear vision about where their team is headed and how they will get there. They lead by example, because confidence, poise, focus, courage and tenacity are required of them every bit as much as they are required of great athletes. They connect with empathy because they know that most athletes do not care how much they know until they know how much they care. Finally, they have the resources to help their players give their best effort. They are not overwhelmed by the busy nature of their jobs; they make time for what is important, including guidance for improving mental skills. Leaders empower others, and when athletes are well trained in mental skills, they are able to coach themselves effectively to get better, faster. Many coachable, hard-working athletes consistently perform far below their potential because they are unaware of their deficient mental

skills. They hear comments like, “If we could just turn her brain off, she would be one heck of a player,” but they have no strategies for keeping distractions out of the way. They know that focus is desirable, but they have no strategy in place to get locked in. Professional and Olympic athletes have formal mental skills training readily available. It may take more initiative for you to develop your mental game. THE LUCKY ATHLETES are the ones who have parents and coaches who teach leadership skills effectively, usually without using labels like “sport psychology” and “mental skills training.” Some universities now have a sport psychologist on staff or an undergraduate course related to coaching the mental game. This is progress, but there is still a long way to go. Poor coaching suggestions such as “Relax,” “We need …,” or “Don’t … (make this mistake)” are commonplace. Many coaching personalities make it harder, rather than easier, for athletes to maintain an ideal internal state and external focus. I wrote the book Leadership Training for Softball because I want to help coaches and athletes increase the enjoyment they get from their investment into the game. I want to accelerate the process of approaching potential for those with the courage and motivation to be uncomfortable, honest (aware), and persistent. I want

AaronWeintraub runs, a consulting business with the mission of overdelivering value on goods and services designed to help you and yours win the mental side of the game. He also recently launched a blog called Smile Coach. His website,, is dedicated to inspiring you to inspire others with short articles and videos. His Smile Coach Blog provides a free resource for coaches to stay motivated, get and share ideas about teaching mental toughness and leadership skills.His newest website,, offers a Softball Champion’s Complete Mental Game Plan, which includes the Parenting in Athletics CD. Weintraub holds a bachelor’s of arts degree from Emory University and a master’s of education degree from the University of Virginia. Before becoming a full-time mental skills coach, Weintraub served as an assistant baseball coach for 13 years at Emory, the University of Virginia, Presbyterian College,Brevard College and Cedar Valley College. He is married with four children and lives in The Colony, Texas.

to help athletes give their best efforts! You are an impressive person if you are really trying to approach your potential; most people prefer a safety net for their ego. I am honored if you find that my words aid your journey.


If the answer is yes, email your community service photos to Dave Hines at Be sure to identify the individuals in each photo and specify whom to credit for the photos.

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No quit in the dugout By JEN CRONEBERGER President, JLynne Consulting Group I was standing in my kitchen cutting leftover chicken off the carcass to make chicken salad. It was quiet. My kitchen door was open and all I could hear was the gentle wind blowing my mom’s wind chimes ever so lightly. Small dinging sounds that were angelic. Probably because the silence was so loud, I stopped cutting and stood there and just listened. Marveling in the quiet ringing in my ears, I wanted to just focus on those wind chimes. It was easier than what I was feeling in the moment. It was a tough day. Team CMMD, the cancer foundation/running team I am a member of, had lost two of our brave cancer fighters. One was very young, just diagnosed recently. The other was a vibrant and very inspirational part of what was the backbone of who we are as a group. THEY BOTH defined courage .. and bravery … and fight … and grace. Neither had quit in their spirits. There are countless others we are raising money for, running miles in honor of, dedicating love and prayers and meals. It just doesn’t seem fair sometimes to have to stand by and feel so helpless while we lose them from our grasp so quickly. They slip away and we stand there at 5:37 on a Thursday evening cutting pieces off a chicken. And there is nothing more we can do in that moment. Nothing. I watched game seven of the World Series and saw history in the making.

The team who had gone the longest without winning championship finally broke through. It was a game like no other I have ever watched. Guts, determination, effort and love for the game. And just when it couldn’t get any more intense, like a movie scripted with every twist and turn that it almost didn’t feel like it could be real, there was a rain delay right before they were to start the 10th inning. Seventeen minutes. For some teams that would be enough to interrupt their process, change the momentum and throw them off their game. For others, it may be just what they needed. For the Chicago Cubs, it proved to be the perfect pause to their perfect fairy tale. DURING THOSE 17 handwringing minutes, they called a team meeting in the weight room. One player took the lead and reminded the rest of them why they were there and what they have accomplished up until then. He told them specifically that they could and would get the job done. He ended by reminding them how proud he was of how far they had come, and to go out and bask in the experience. He reminded them to have fun. And then, it was time to once again take the field. The fans and coaches could only watch and wait … Not long after, they won that game. Maybe it was because of the rain delay, the pep talk, the moment to refocus and regroup as a team, the ability to take a step out of the dugout and off the field to pause the movie,

to take a breath. Seventeen minutes. They got to pause the movie. When those same players were interviewed right after the game, they all said one thing exactly the same. “There was No quit in the dugout. No one gave up. No one got down. We knew we could win. No one quit.” AND THERE it was. No quit in the dugout. Meaning not with him, or the guy next to him, or the guy holding the bat, and not with the guy taking the mound in the bottom of the inning. There was no quit. Not even for a second. And as I stood there listening to the wind chimes gently blow their soft, sweet tune, I realized once again how magical life is. No matter what battle you are fighting, in what game you are playing and on what field you find your life right now, in this moment … there are many out there playing a no-quit game. And even if we have the chance to pause the movie, it often plays quicker than we want it to. Seventeen minutes seemed like an eternity waiting for the World Series to resume. To the little cancer fighter who was taking his last breaths in those same minutes, and most especially to his family, it was everything but too long. Perhaps those chimes were our two angels getting their wings, because there was not an ounce of quit in either of those spirits. Maybe they both graced this earth for each of their short lifetimes to give that

Jen Croneberger is a mental game coach who speaks at clinics, team workshops and corporate seminars. She has been interviewed on ABC News (Philadelphia affiliate) on many occasions about the mental game, consulted by MTV’s MADE as a fear coach and was the 2009 Female Business Leader of the Year for Chester County, Pa. She works with many organizations and sports teams from professionals to youth and is formerly the head softball coach at Ursinus College. Follow her on Twitter at @JenCroneberger and find her on Facebook at Jennifer Lynne Croneberger. Her blogs and more information on her programs can be found on

gift to us all. And maybe the game I was watching deep into the night while these two were taking their last breaths played out just for that reason. We learn when we take a moment to stop and listen. Deafening silence and all. The Cubs gave me an opportunity to watch those lessons unfold. And to our two warriors, may you rest easy now, your fight is over. Thank you for teaching us all what it looks like to live a life of no quit. Seventeen minutes. I won’t ever take any of them for granted again.

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Estate planning: The ultimate gameplan By SAMANTHA EKSTRAND NFCA Legal Counsel As the holidays approach and you are spending more time with family, it might also be a good time to start thinking about your estate planning. This can be a difficult topic for people to contemplate, understandably so. “It’s so morbid,” one of my recent clients said, shuddering at the beginning of our meeting. And while I have had grown men cry in my office as they talk about plans for their families should they pass away before their kids are grown, at the end of executing the documents almost everyone leaves with a peace of mind and a feeling that they have just taken care of something really important. The purpose of executing a will and other estate documents is to make it simpler for your loved ones when you die. Think of it as a game plan. And like a game plan, you can’t control everything, but you can outline detailed instructions to follow. Since the legal requirements can vary greatly from state to state, I highly recommend consulting an attorney licensed in your home state to help you with this. Here are several key points and documents to consider in estate planning: Your will Also referred to as a “Last Will and Testament.” This is the main document that enables you to specify how your property and assets will be distributed. Many people think if they aren’t super wealthy, they don’t have much to distribute.

I have found in the probate of estates (the process after someone dies), the sentimental items can be so meaningful and significant. For example, my greatgrandmother left my mother her bread bowl, the one that my mom watched her use to make bread hundreds of times. It means the world to my mom because of the memories. LISTING WHO gets what – also called “bequests” – can include anyone: children, grandchildren, nieces, nephews, siblings, parents, relatives, friends, schools, programs, a person or an entity. The fact that you thought about that person and that you wanted them to have something sentimental or valuable (or both) can mean a lot, especially in sad times. The actual will document has certain requirements that must be fulfilled. These are determined by state law and can differ greatly. There are several states that recognize handwritten or “holographic wills” – my research found: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia and Wyoming. These states will still have different witnessing and format requirements. For example, in North Carolina, a holographic will must be entirely handwritten by the testator (the person who died), signed, dated and kept in a safe and secure place. Mine is in my jewelry box. One of the most important roles you


Email your legal questions and topics to NFCA Legal Counsel Samantha Ekstrand via Selected questions and topics will be addressed in future editions of Counsel’s Corner in Fastpitch Delivery.


designate in your will is the Executor/ Executrix. This is the person who oversees the probate process, which means the filing of all of the documents in court to close your estate. My best advice: pick someone organized, responsible and good with deadlines. The Executor/Executrix should be someone who can follow the instructions in your will and then make decisions when necessary. For parents, your will is also where you name the guardian(s) for your child/children. Everyone has their own individual will – no married wills, though they can be virtually the same. Guardianship typically falls to the other surviving parent first and then, in the unfortunate event of a common disaster where both parents die, the next guardians are named. I usually recommend having two options. IN YOUR WILL, you can also give your directive for what kind of service you would like to celebrate your life, including your preference of being buried or cremated. I have some clients who designate a person to oversee all of it and others who are planners and list the details, including what hymns will be sung and what readings will be read. While this can be emotional to think about, it can also provide help and direction to your loved ones, which they will likely appreciate. If you die without a will, that is called “intestate.” The laws of your state will govern how your assets will be distributed in the absence of a will. A Trust This sounds like a fancy term, but it is a common estate-planning tool, especially for parents with children under the age of 18. A revocable trust, which allows you the opportunity to change it later, is a common way to distribute assets to minor children. A trust typically requires a grantor (you), a trustee to manage it — can be you at first, then someone you designate — and a beneficiary (your child/children). When you choose a trustee to follow

Samantha Ekstrand, the legal counsel whose services are included with NFCA membership, co-founded the law firm of Ekstrand & Ekstrand with her husband Bob in 2002. She oversees the firm’s management, evaluating prospective cases, advising on case strategy, assisting clients and managing crisis situations. She also drafts and reviews contracts, negotiates employment contracts and separation agreements, analyzes potential legal claims pre-litigation, performs risk management for organizations and prepares simple wills and trusts. Ekstrand received her Juris Doctor from Duke Law School, and received a master’s in history from Duke University, where she worked as a staff editor for the Duke Law Journal and served as a volunteer assistant coach for seven years with the Duke women’s lacrosse team. She is also a former high school teacher.

you, it is wise to select someone who is very good with money and can work well with your child/children’s guardian. They can be the same person, but more often than not, I have found clients choosing different people. The trust is a financial vehicle that can hold and manage assets and then distribute them according to a schedule you can set up or you can defer to the trustee. You can set up the instructions for distributions however you would like – essentially how the money can be spent. For example, I had a client who wanted his kids to receive money for a car SEE ESTATE PAGE 19


ESTATE PLANNING IS THE ULTIMATE GAMEPLAN CONTINUED FROM PAGE 18 after high school graduation, a certain amount of spending money each year in college, and then money at certain ages after college graduation. You can also give investment instructions or grant the authority to the trustee to invest and manage as he/she sees fit. Where does this money come from? Directives can be made in your will for bank accounts to be transferred to the trust, as well as property sold and the revenue to be sent to the trust. Also, you can list a trust as a designated beneficiary on your retirement accounts, investments and life insurance policies. It is a great tool to set up for your kids and those who would take care of them in your absence. Living Will Also called an “Advanced Directive.” This allows you to give

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specific medical instructions in the event that you are terminally ill, or temporarily or permanently unconscious. These can be short and simple or more detailed. The fundamental question is: do you want life-sustaining measures taken and if so, at what point, if at all, would you want those withdrawn. It is a very difficult and emotional concept to think about. It can be helpful to have your wishes spelled out, as this can alleviate the burden falling on your loved ones to make this painstaking decision. And worse, it can avoid the tense situation if there is a conflict between family members (the Terri Schiavo case in Florida). Instead, the medical providers will follow your wishes as you stated them in your living will. In this document, you may also designate a Healthcare Agent or Healthcare Power of Attorney to make medical decisions for you. Absent a living will, medical providers often turn to the family to make decisions. If you have someone


specific you would like to name, here durable power of attorney. is where you can do it. Final Thoughts Durable Power of Attorney Estate planning is not easy for most This is a significant grant of power people to consider and complete. allowing you to designate someone to In doing so, you are facing head on act in your place, sign your name and the concept of your own mortality. authorize financial transactions. I see However, in doing so, you are also this more typically with clients who giving a gift to your family. You are have elderly parents. This enables the giving the ultimate game plan. By adult children to manage the finances organizing your important documents of their parents. The competence of the and information into one place with person executing the power of attorney some clear instructions, you are making is key, as well as the trustworthiness things that much easier for your loved of the person designated as the agent ones. And you are also giving yourself or attorney-in-fact. Again, states have the peace of mind of taking care of different requirements authorizing a something really important.

NASTI HAS MADE ADELPHI A DIVISION II CONTENDER CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13 hitter there you can’t get away with grooving one, because those would be No. 4 hitters elsewhere.” So while it may have looked to an outsider like the team was struggling, the coaching staff and the players knew better days were coming. “There were one- and two-run games that could have gone the other way,” Nasti said. “We knew we were better than our record.” So what type of player rebounds from early adversity to reach the doorstep of a national championship two straight seasons? “I think you have to look at one’s character,” she said. “I want the gym rat that isn’t skipping the classroom and wants to work every day to make

THERE’S NO SUBSTITUTE FOR ACCURACY WITH SUBS CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15 happens. Please do not endeavor to make a substitution by the “hit and run” approach. For example: • The coach yells out a substitution without conferring with the umpire. • The coach gives the substitution quickly to the umpire as he/she walks past him/her. It is highly recommended to give substitutions to the umpire by standing next to him/her and observing that the substitutions are being recorded correctly. Here is what

those around them better.” “It doesn’t matter how talented they are. I don’t need the diva. I don’t need the all-star. If you don’t want to compete when everyone else is on the couch, I don’t want you.” And the Adelphi coaching staff doesn’t want players that are afraid to fail, because all of us fail, despite our best efforts. “I don’t want tentative kids,” Nasti said. “If they make mistakes that cost us a game, we can live with that, because playing (without restrictions) will win us more games than we lose.” Nasti and her staff know what all great coaches know — that success isn’t always measured by wins and losses. “The best thing someone could say is we genuinely care about our players,” she said. “All of us, it starts with care. You get more out of them when they know you care.” most umpire mechanics manuals instruct plate umpires to do when taking substitutions: • Step away from the plate and take out the lineup card while the coach is still near you. • Confirm the name and number of the players who are entering and leaving the game. o Do this by repeating the names and numbers back to the coach. • Report the changes to the appropriate game personnel. Umpires dislike problems with substitutions as much as coaches. Let’s work together. Take a few extra seconds and make sure that subs are reported and recorded correctly.



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