Innovative Americas Creating Equitable Global Cities in the US U. S. and Latin America
World Urban Forum Fo um 7 MedellĂn 1
ABOUT INNOVATIVE AMERICAS The seventh World Urban Forum comes at an exciting moment when cities around the world are finally getting the credit they deserve as places of cultural, social and economic ferment. At the same time, they are places where inequality is growing, where corruption or incompetence cheats citizens of the governance they deserve, where poor planning has led to unlivable conditions and weak economies. The Innovative Americas booth seeks to generate a discussion about this intersection between the great opportunities that cities provide, and the challenges that accompany urban areas in the United States and Latin America.
Produced by Next City and funded by the Ford Foundation and the Kresge Foundation, the Innovative Americas booth showcases ingenious solutions to social, economic and environmental challenges through a week-long series of programming. With an aim to foster a dialogue between cities, panels of experts will share innovations from their work that can be replicated in cities around the world. Next City will extend these conversations through commentary and documentation on NextCity.org and social media. The booth itself features a brief exhibition about a selection of innovations in the United States and Latin America. Visitors to the booth are urged to contribute innovations from their hometowns through the booth’s dialogues and the exhibition’s participatory aspects. Indeed, even the construction of the booth itself (described in greater detail by Quilian Riano of DSGN AGNC) mimics the style and materials of “tactical urbanism,” the informal efforts of urban advocates to cheaply and effectively provide the infrastructure and public spaces that cities lack. Finally, the booth encourages visitors to grapple with the buzzwords of our times: “equity,” “resilience” and “justice” have become widespread aspirations for cities. But these terms are not always understood (especially outside the field), and therefore the vision of a more equitable, resilient and just city can sometime seem vague and unattainable. What do these terms mean to people working to improve cities? And what are tangible examples of equity, resilience and justice today? Next City will gather responses from visitors, incorporate them into a report on the use of these terms and share those ideas with its online audience.
ABOUT THE EXHIBITION Innovative Americas is designed in a partnership between Quilian Riano from DSGN AGNC, Anthony Smyrski and Diana Lind from Next City, and local partners Proyecto NN. The project was conceived in New York and Philadelphia, designed in collaboration with a project team in Medellín, and its elements will be used by community groups in Medellín long after the World Urban Forum. Exhibition booths are often anonymous spaces, made from shortterm construction components that lead to additional waste after the exhibition. The Innovative Americas booth seeks to upend the typical exhibition booth process and program. Here, by hiring a local team, using local materials for all construction and finding a way to reuse the exhibition’s elements after the World Urban Forum, the design and construction of the Innovative Americas booth lives up to its name.
The exhibit acknowledges that complex issues such as resilience, equity and justice are never fully defined and are always changing as different ideas and voices are introduced to the discussion. Thus, the physical design of Innovative Americas reflects the need for conversation by being flexible and allowing multiple uses. A series of movable and transformable elements, include: Framing Structures and Exhibition Cubes Built in MedellĂn, two large metal structure serves as a framing element to the exhibition space as well as a place to store exhibition cubes. The cubes have images and information about innovative projects from the Americas. These cubes can be removed from a framing structure to serve as seating and to serve as catalysts for conversation. Tables Three movable panels contain a working definition of resilience, justice and equity. Those panels then fold to create tables and opportunities to discuss and work on those definitions. The panels also fold to reveal a series of strings where visitorsâ€™ definitions and ideas about each subjects can be hung. Bleachers / Chalkboards Flexible and movable bleachers will serve as the main seating area for lectures and discussions. The bleachers, however, can be placed upright to reveal a chalkboard at their bottom. Together, these elements create multiple ways to use the space and to discuss and share ideas about the key concepts of the exhibit.
THE WEEK AT AT GLANCE
April 5 Saturday
April 7 Monday
Design for the Just City
Putting Poor People at the Center of Strategies for Urban Development
Toward a Sustainable Consumption of Space in Rapidly Urbanizing Cities
Value Capture in Latin America
Open Office Hours
Context Partners Office Hours
April 6 Sunday
Infrastructure From the Bottom Up
Economic Resilience and Cities
Affordable Housing for Practitioners
Applying Placemaking for Urban Equity in Latin America
A Global Development velopment Alliance to Improve Infrastructure
Next City Opening
Next City Opening
April 8 Tuesday The Role of Philanthropy in Improving Cities
April 9 Wednesday Science for Cities
April 10 Thursday Talking Transition
April 11 Friday Designing and Planning Better Transit Oriented Development
The Effects of Climate Change on Vulnerable Populations
Science for Cities
Lessons for Global Coastal Communities in an Era of Climate Change
New Prospects for Transport and Land-Use Equity
Urban Institute Office Hours
NYU Office Hours
Media & Design in Cities
Open Office Hours
Igniting Your Network
International and Philanthropic Innovation in Cities
International Innovation in Municipal Governance
Mapping pping Informality in Cairoâ€™s Revolution
The MIT OpenAG Project
DesigNYC: Three Perspectives on Urban Design
Caminos de la Prosperidad: Investing in Local Collaboration
The Experience of Being an Experiment
Equitable Anchor Institution Strategies
Next City Closing Party
Lincoln Institute Happy Hour
Context Partners Happy Hour
DAILY EVENT SCHEDULE
April 5 SATURDAY
Sunday APRIL 6
10AM TO 3PM
Toni Griffin, The J. Max Bond Center on Design for the Just City What are the core principles of urban justice, and how can cities be designed to reflect these values? This presentation will feature video manifestos of what a just city is. It will move the audience through an interactive discussion, reviewing images of different spaces, and asking for critiques of the design elements of justice.
EXHIBITION OPEN AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR PRACTITIONERS Saeed Hajarizadeh, Vancouver Housing Authority; Dan Trozzi, independent consultant; Helen Sause, independent consultant and former president of NAHRO The discussion will be geared towards governments or nonprofits who want to delve into how we develop mixed income housing communities in the United States from a practical standpoint. 4PM
NEXT CITY OPENING Diana Lind, Next City; Anthony Smyrski, Next City; Quilian Riano, DSGN AGNC Join Next City and architect Quilian Riano for a presentation about the process of conceiving, designing and constructing the Innovative Americas exhibit.
DESIGN FOR THE JUST CITY
TOWARD A SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION OF SPACE IN RAPIDLY URBANIZING CITIES: THE CASE OF SANTA MARTA, COLOMBIA Jacqueline Burton, New York University; Hunt Hobbs, New York University; Alejandro Schwedhelm, New York University Santa Marta, Colombia is currently experiencing a strain on land and resources due to rapid population growth fueled by economic success and
the internal displacement of families. Hired by UNHabitat, the presenters will discuss their plan for Santa Marta that will steer the city away from its current path of uncontrolled growth to one that embodies UNHabitat’s principles of sustainable urban development. 2PM
INFRASTRUCTURE FROM THE BOTTOM UP Kate Holmquist, DUMBO Improvement District 2013 Fellow When a central government stops investing in infrastructure, can it be built from the bottom up, rather than top down? This presentation focuses in on a Business Improvement District in Brooklyn, NY, as an example of a community level approach to improving infrastructure. 3PM
APPLYING PLACEMAKING FOR URBAN EQUITY IN LATIN AMERICA Ethan Kent, Project for Public Spaces; Dan Latorre, Project for Public Spaces Using Project for Public Spaces’ project in Cali, Colombia as a case study, the panel will discuss how placemaking works in Buenos Aires and other Latin American cities.
Monday APRIL 7 10AM
PUTTING POOR PEOPLE AT THE CENTER OF STRATEGIES FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT Patrick Maghebula, Federation of the Urban Poor, South Africa; Sarah Nandudu, National Slum Dweller Federation of Uganda; Irene Karanja, Muungano Support Trust, Kenya; Joseph Muturi, Muungano wa Wanavijiji, Kenya Key national leaders from organized communities of the urban poor and their support NGOs from cities in Kenya, South Africa and Uganda will highlight new institutional responses to poverty that prioritize both the needs and voices of poor people. They will highlight methods that organized communities of the urban poor across the Global South are using to develop relationships with their governments and some of the outcomes of these relationships such as scaling up slum upgrading and improving quality of life.
VALUE CAPTURE IN LATIN AMERICA Martim Smolka, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy; Gregory K. Ingram, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy This presentation will discuss the idea of value capture — a way to finance urban development — and its implementation in Latin American cities. Free copies of the recent report, Implementing Value Capture in Latin America, will be available in English and in Spanish. 12PM
CONTEXT PARTNERS OFFICE HOURS Stewart Sarkozy-Banoczy, Context Partners Office hours are an informal opportunity to meet with WUF7 presenters. 2PM
ECONOMIC RESILIENCE AND CITIES Harriet Tregoning, Office of Economic Resilience, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Harriet Tregoning, the new director of the Office of Economic Resilience at HUD, will discuss her office’s work and how it relates to World Urban Forum 7.
A GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT ALLIANCE TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE Jerry Marcus, USAID; Angela Arevalo, USAID; Fernando Gama, EDI; David Painter, EDI; Enrique Pees, EDI; Margarita Macias, EDI USAID/Colombia and Evensen Dodge International Inc. (EDII), a global public finance advisory firm, entered into a Global Development Alliance (GDA) partnership. This four-year GDA will support local governments and public infrastructure authorities to raise market debt financing for the development of local infrastructure projects. This presentation will discuss what the partnership entails and how it will multiply resources available for development in USAIDâ€™s priority regions. 4PM
Tuesday APRIL 8 10AM
THE ROLE OF PHILANTHROPY IN IMPROVING CITIES Benjamin Kennedy, The Kresge Foundation; Xavier de Sousa-Briggs, The Ford
Foundation; Janis Bowdler, JP Morgan Chase Global Philanthropy; Stewart Sarkozy-Banoczy, Context Partners American and international philanthropies are dedicating millions to improving cities around the world. This panel will discuss examples of innovative philanthropic investments and how to leverage the assets of public, private, philanthropic and civic players to collectively create an impact in cities. 11AM
THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON VULNERABLE POPULATIONS Armando Carbonell, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy; Anthony Flint, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy In the face of climate change, cities around the world need to anticipate and respond adaptively to changing conditions that threaten the safety and livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Armando Carbonell, senior fellow and chairman of the Department of Planning and Urban Form at the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, will share insights and feedback based on his presentations and dialogue on this topic at World Urban Forum 7.
OFFICE HOURS HOSTED BY THE URBAN INSTITUTE Sarah Rosen Wartell, The Urban Institute Office hours are an informal opportunity to meet with WUF7 presenters. 1PM
EXHIBITION OPEN 2PM
IGNITING YOUR NETWORK Stewart Sarkozy-Banoczy, Context Partners; Dr. Oliver Weigel, German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development; Dr. Marc Weiss, Global Urban Development (GUD); Karin Sullivan, Office of Economic Policy, Western Hemisphere Affairs Bureau, U.S. Department of State Networked and sustainable organizations are not just the future, they are also the present.Hear from international government, corporate and nongovernment experts on their lessons and experiences creating and managing local, regional and transnational networks focused on innovation, governance and urban development.
THE MIT OPEN AGRICULTURE PROJECT Caleb Harper, MIT Media Lab The CityFARM research group at the MIT Media Lab explores the technological, environmental, social and economic design of scalable agricultural systems for urban environments. An initiative of the CityFARM group, the OpenAG project is envisaged as the world’s first “AG Tech” research collective for the creation of the agricultural data commons enabling rapid advancement of networked urban agricultural innovation, invention, sensing, data collection and data sharing.
National Laboratory;Seth Snyder, The Energy Policy Institute at Chicago (EPIC), University of Chicago There are few, if any, urban challenges that are “simply social” or “simply engineering.” Our panel will identify innovations in science and technology that bring together computation and data, social science, and the life and physical sciences to improve the quality of urban life and environmental sustainability. The discussion will highlight examples from the field related to public health, social cohesion, water, energy efficiency and adaptability to climate change 11AM
Wednesday APRIL 9 10AM
SCIENCE FOR CITIES: INTEGRATING SOCIAL, COMPUTATIONAL, PHYSICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES TO ADDRESS URBAN CHALLENGES Alaina Beverly, University of Chicago; Charlie Catlett, University of Chicago and Argonne
CONTINUED SESSION FROM ABOVE 12PM
OFFICE HOURS HOSTED BY NEW YORK UNIVERSITY Urban Planning Department of New York University Office hours are an informal opportunity to meet with WUF7 presenters.
INTERNATIONAL AND PHILANTHROPIC INNOVATION IN CITIES Salin Geevargheese, International and Philanthropic Innovation, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Innovation This presentation will discuss the role of the International and Philanthropic Innovation program at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. 3PM
DESIGNYC: THREE PERSPECTIVES ON URBAN DESIGN Thaddeus Pawlowski, NYC Dept. of City Planning; Skye Duncan, NYC Dept. of City Planning; Jeff Shumaker, NYC Dept. of City Planning Members of the NYC Department of City Planning Urban Design Office will discuss how the tools and processes of design can be used to create a more livable, equitable and resilient city. From the scale of the entire region down to that of the block and building and, ultimately, the scale of the individual pedestrian and sidewalk, they will illustrate how design is shaping the city from three very different perspectives.
Thursday APRIL 10 10AM
TALKING TRANSITION: ENGAGING CITIZEN VOICE IN TRANSITIONS IN URBAN GOVERNANCE Andrea Batista Schlesinger, Open Society Foundations Talking Transition is a new experiment in how to turn transitions in urban governance — moments that are typically elite, insular, and narrow—into opportunities for public debate and dialogue. On November 2013, New York City elected its first new mayor in 12 years. Five days later, the Talking Transition tent opened, a clear glass pop-up “open transition” headquarters where civil society organizations led two weeks of engaging conversations on the most important issues facing New Yorkers. At the same time, the Talking Transition field team spread out across the neighborhoods of the city, engaging almost 60,000 New Yorkers in a digital survey that provides the most insightful neighborhood-based reflections on the state of the city ever gathered.
LESSONS FOR GLOBAL COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN AN ERA OF CLIMATE CHANGE: COMMUNITYBASED PLANNING AND REBUILDING AFTER HURRICANE SANDY Judd Schechtman, Rutgers University and New York University; Wilmer Patricio Cantos, New York University; Elham Azimi, New York University; Thomas G. Dallessio, New Jersey Institute of Technology This panel will discuss major questions regarding global lessons learned from the Sandy rebuilding process. Presentations will include progress on a study to evaluate the $25 million Community Reconstruction Zone program, evaluation of FEMA-mandated Hazard Mitigation Planning, and innovative community-design initiatives on the Jersey Shore. 12PM
MEDIA & DESIGN IN CITIES Anthony Smyrski, Next City This presentation explores media’s role in shaping the reality and perception of cities and the public sphere.
INTERNATIONAL INNOVATION IN MUNICIPAL GOVERNANCE AND STRATEGIC PLANNING Stewart Sarkozy-Banoczy, Context Partners; Maria de Fatima Araújo, Coordinator of Sao Paulo MacroMetropolis Master Plan; Gerardo Ardila Calderón, Planning Secretary of Bogotá; Michael Gordon, Vancouver Join us for a followup discussion from the previous day’s Networking Event, featuring representatives from Brazil, Canada, the United States and Colombia, on how to engage citizens, innovate on strategic planning and capitalize on partnerships, networks and international exchange to change the way cities plan and grow. 3PM
CAMINOS DE LA PROSPERIDAD: INVESTING IN LOCAL AND REGIONAL INNOVATION AND COLLABORATION Stewart Sarkozy-Banoczy, Context Partners; Karin Sullivan, Office of Economic Policy, Western Hemisphere Affairs Bureau, U.S. Department of State; Aaron Spencer, 100 Resilient Cities
The Pathways to Prosperity/ Caminos de la Prosperidad Innovation Challenge is underway in Latin America and the Caribbean. Participate in a discussion with hosts and partners about this unique opportunity to grow markets for SMEs in LAC, build crosssector collaboration and invest in important, but often overlooked, businesses. 4PM
EQUITABLE ANCHOR INSTITUTION STRATEGIES Alex Feldman, U3 Advisors This presentation will discuss efforts to leverage the economic power and community impact of anchor institutions, such as universities and hospitals, to help build more equitable cities.
Friday APRIL 11 10AM
DESIGNING AND PLANNING BETTER TRANSITORIENTED DEVELOPMENTS Luc Nadal, ITDP; B.R. Balachandran, Alchemy Urban Systems Private Limited; Mariane Jang, Consultant, ITDP Global Program This session will discuss in depth the principles and metrics of the new TOD Standard and explore the
implications of the first round of development scores, released the previous day. Discussion will focus on how to apply the Standard, and how it can be used to improve urban design and planning practices. 11AM
NEW PROSPECTS FOR AFFORDABILITY, TRANSPORT AND LAND USE EQUITY Jemilah Magnusson, ITDP Global; Michael Kodransky, ITDP Global; Bernardo Baranda, ITDP Latin America; B.R. Balachandran, ITDP India Low-income constituents typically face greater transport costs proportionally, whether in time or money, than middle- and upperincome households. Spatial planning and regulatory reform offer opportunities for bringing these underserved communities closer to jobs, decreasing their transport expenses, and improving their quality of life. The panel will address how affordable housing oriented to transit, density and transport access are being addressed in Ahmedabad, India and Mexico City. Particular focus will be given to how these new mobility models can work in emerging economies.
MAPPING INFORMALITY IN CAIRO’S REVOLUTION Omar Nagati, Cairo Lab for Urban Studies, Training and Environmental Research; Yahia Shawkat, Shadow Ministry of Housing This presentation will explore the intersection of mapping, the informal sector and civil society organizations during the revolution in Cairo. 3PM
THE EXPERIENCE OF BEING AN EXPERIMENT Stephen Danley, RutgersCamden University Using New Orleans and Camden, N.J. as case studies, this presentation explores the way local residents of struggling urban communities respond to being treated as an “experiment” for policymakers. 4PM
NEXT CITY CLOSING Diana Lind, Next City; Anthony Smyrski, Next City Join Next City to reflect on WUF7 and ways to remain engaged and in contact after the forum.
ABOUT NEXT CITY
Next City is a non-profit organization with a mission to inspire social, economic and environmental change in cities by creating media and events around the world. Our vision is for a world in which cities are not in crisis and are instead leading the way toward a more sustainable, equitable future. Next City provides daily online coverage of the leaders, policies and innovations driving progress in metropolitan regions across the world. In addition to daily blog content, each week we publish a deeply reported long-form story. The series, Forefront, is available by web subscription or as an app on the Apple Newsstand. In addition to our online journalism, we produce events including an annual urban leadership conference, Vanguard.
The Ford Foundation is an independent, non-profit grantmaking organization. For more than 75 years it has worked with courageous people on the frontlines of social change worldwide, guided by its mission to strengthen democratic values, reduce poverty and injustice, promote international cooperation, and advance human achievement. With headquarters in New York, the foundation has offices in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. For more information, visit fordfoundation.org.
The Kresge Foundation is a $3 billion private, national foundation that works to expand opportunities in Americaâ€™s cities through grantmaking and investing in arts and culture, education, environment, health, human services and community development efforts in Detroit. In 2013, the Board of Trustees approved 316 awards totaling $122 million; $128 million was paid out to grantees over the course of the year. In addition, our Social Investment Practice made commitments totaling $16 million in 2013. For more information, visit kresge.org.