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FALL 2017

“The beauty of basic research is that we never know where it will lead. If we have the courage to confront its risks, it can lead to great rewards. Thus, in a world facing unprecedented challenges — climate change, threatened food availability, aging demographics — we must continue to prioritize courageous and dedicated basic research. Our lives depend on it.” – Elizabeth Blackburn, Nobel Laureate (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2009), President of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Contents Executive Editor Marie Gentile Copy Editors Robert Birchard Mandy Carr

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New York Academy of Sciences Members Nancy Zimpher

COVER STORY: I IMAGINE 4  THE NEXT 100 YEARS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY New York Academy of Sciences Members imagine the innovations and discoveries of the future 9  HOW TECHNOLOGY WILL SHAPE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE NEXT CENTURY Advances in technology will impact all research disciplines 14  THE FUTURE OF EDUCATION Perspectives on K-12 and higher education from MaryEllen Elia, New York State Commissioner of Education and Nancy Zimpher, Chancellor Emeritus, The State University of New York 16  NEW YORK START-UP COMPANIES ENVISION A WASTE-FREE FUTURE Cutting edge technologies to turn CO2 Emissions into tomorrow’s fuels and tackling toxic waste

ACADEMY FEATURES 13  GENDER IN THE RESEARCH WORKFORCE New analytical report reveals uneven progress towards equality 18

 NE EYE ON THE FUTURE O Looking Ahead with the 2017 Blavatnik National Laureates

20  DRIVING INNOVATION IN IMMUNITY Breaking new ground in immune responses through Fc receptors 21  BRIGHTEST INTERNATIONAL YOUNG SCIENTISTS REACH FOR THE STARS 22  2017 INNOVATORS IN SCIENCE AWARDS HONOREES COLUMNS 24 ACADEMY eBRIEFINGS Summaries of Recent eBriefings 26 A  NNALS HIGHLIGHTS Recent and upcoming Annals volumes 28  THE LAST WORD Perspectives on the future of the New York Academy of Sciences from Ellis Rubinstein, President & CEO

The New York Academy of Sciences is committed to sustainable practices. This magazine was printed on recycled Forest for All Forever stock in soy-based inks.

The New York Academy of Sciences Magazine • Fall 2017 3

The New York Academy of Sciences Magazine, Fall 2017  
The New York Academy of Sciences Magazine, Fall 2017  

Imagining the Next 100 Years