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15 October 2012 Volume 7, Issue 1

The Weekly Newspaper of Foreign Policy and International Relations Club

Russian Anger at Turkey over Plane Interception Moscow has accused Turkey of putting the lives of Russian passengers in danger by using its military to force a Syria-bound plane to land in Ankara. The Syrian Air plane, from Moscow, was intercepted on Wednesday on suspicion it was carrying weapons. Officials in both Russia and Syria have strongly denied the allegations, with Damascus accusing Turkey of "piracy" and violating international law. The incident has increased already high tensions between Turkey and Syria. Shelling from within Syria killed five Turkish civilians last week - in response, Turkey fired into Syria. The Airbus A320 airliner was intercepted on Wednesday evening by two Turkish fighters and escorted to the capital's EsenboÄ&#x;a airport. Turkey's Foreign Minister told the Anatolia News Agency that illegal and "objectionable" cargo which "should have been reported" was found during a search and confiscated. Continues on Page 7...

Hugo Chavez re-elected, names trusted adviser and minister as Vice President Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez was re-elected on Sunday for another six year term and has named Nicolas Maduro as his new vice-president Mr. Chavez, who has been in power since 1999, will be sworn in in January for a fourth term. Mr. Chavez announced his choice of vice president during an event at the National Electoral Commission where he was officially proclaimed as the winner of Sunday's vote. He won 55% of the vote, against 44% for opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. Mr. Maduro, a former bus driver and one of the president's closest advisers, had been foreign minister since 2006. He would serve as president until new elections, should cancer sufferer Mr Chavez's health force him to step down. Continues on Page 3...

THIS WEEK

EUROPE PAGE 2

AMERICAS PAGE 3

OPINION PAGE 4-5

ASIA PAGE 6

MIDDLE EAST&AFRICA PAGE 7

ARTICLE OF THE WEEK PAGE 8-9

TURKEY PAGE 10

SOCIAL PAGE 11

EDITORIAL PAGE 12


EUROPE European Financial Crisis continues to deepen The European Union financial crisis shows no signs of ending any time soon. The government of Greece has asked its lenders for more time in its task of achieving the austerity measures that they were tasked upon receiving the €240bn bailouts. This is a call that has been backed by the head of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde This comes with the news that Greek unemployment has reached 25.1% with 50% young people unemployed. German Finance Minister, Wolfgang Schaeuble has received firm confirmation from Madrid that is has implemented its own fiscal overhaul plans and therefore shall not be seeking a bailout from the new €500bn bailout fund that was created this week. Despite this, unemployment continues reaching 25.1% , taking total European unemployment figures to 18.4 million. BBC / October 10, 2012 Silvio Berlusconi, said that he may not stand in elections next spring, and suggested that Mario Monti, the technocrat Prime Minister, could stay on as head of a centre-right government. The Independent / October 10, 2012

The European Commission says EU governments should take measures to create a single European airspace. The commission says Single European Sky plan could triple air traffic and cut costs. BBC / October 12, 2012

EU Awarded Nobel Peace Prize The European Union has won the Nobel Peace Prize, despite a year marked by riots on streets of many capitals and the looming prospect of an acrimonious break up amid an economic crisis caused by the euro. The EU has been nominated many times for the prize in the past but has never won it because the Union is politically controversial, not least in Norway, the home of the Nobel peace prize, a country which rejected membership twice, in two referendums. "The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe," said the Nobel Prize committee. “It is a Prize not just for the project and the institutions embodying a common interest, but for the 500 million citizens living in our Union", said the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission in a joint statement. The Telegraph / October12, 2012

Merkel Met with Protests German Chancellor Merkel was met with protests in her first visit to Greece since 2007

Human rights violations in Blamed by many Greeks for imposing draconian EU countries double in five budget cuts in exchange for aid, Merkel reaffirmed years. Greece, Romania, Berlin's commitment to keep the debt-crippled Bulgaria and Poland are Greek state inside Europe's single currency. "I the worst EU countries at have come here today in full knowledge that the delivering justice though period Greece is living through right now is an exc ri mi n al tri al s . The Guardian / October 10, tremely difficult one for the Greeks and many people are suffering," She tried to reassure her hosts that their reforms would eventually pay off, but 2012 also made clear that Greece would not solve its problems overnight. NBC News / October 9, 2012

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AMERICAS Hugo Chavez re-elected, names trusted adviser and minister as Vice President Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez was re-elected on Sunday for another six-year term and has named Nicolas Maduro as his new vice-president. President Chavez, who was treated in 2011 and earlier this year, has said he is now cancer-free. Mr Maduro, who is 49, had long been seen as a possible successor to Mr Chavez. He is also a key figure in Mr Chavez's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV). President Chavez hailed him as a "great public servant". "Look where he is going, Nicolas the bus driver," Mr Chavez said. "How they mocked him, the bourgeoisie". According to the Venezuelan constitution, if the president is unable to continue in office during the first four years of his or her mandate, the vice-president assumes the post until new elections are held within 30 days. If the president is incapacitated in the final two years in office, the vice-president serves out the remainder of the term. BBC /October 11, 2012 A Ghanaian court has refused to release Libertad, an Argentine warship seized during a training tour due to a debt dispute The Vice-Presidential debate took place on Kentucky last Thursday i n vo l vi n g th e L ati n with current VP Biden and Rep. Ryan facing off for the first time. A merican coun try ’s Biden and Ryan quarreled at the VP debate on Thursday. The debate offered creditors. BBC / October sharp contrasts over the administration’s handling of the terrorist attack in 11, 2012 Libya and the pace of the economic recovery at home. Throughout the evenThe United States is set to ing, Biden laughed or shook his head in disbelief at Ryan’s assertions, impose higher tariffs on which intended to raise questions about the Republican ticket. When Ryan attacked the stimulus program, Biden pointed out that Ryan requested solar cells. The tariff, as be ing money for his district before. The debaters also touched upon abortion, and announced between 2.9% and 4.73% contrasted there, despite both being Catholic. CNN / October 11, 2012 back in March, is going to be between 14.78% and 15.97% . BBC / October After last week’s debate, most observers agreed that the Republican 11, 2012 candidate, previously trailing the President by 5%, came out on top. The leader of the Zetas

Biden and Ryan Quarrel at the Debate, Contrast Extensively

Opinion changed after US debates

Romney moved ahead of the president on which candidate voters trust to handle the economy, create jobs and manage the deficit. Romney repeatedly denied his proposal to lower taxes by 20% , abolish estate tax and the alternative minimum tax would reduce revenue by $5tn over a decade. Obama countered that, ‘Governor Romney cannot pay for his $5 trillion tax plan without blowing up the deficit or sticking it to the middle class.’ However, opinion polls agreed that Romney had the upper hand. The president was criticised for appearing hesitant, while Romney seemed assertive. BBC / Oct. 10, 2012

drug cartel was killed in a shoarrest on Sunday in Coahuila. Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon praised marines for killing Lazcano, also adding that 25 out of the 37 most wanted criminals were ne u tralize d in his termotout while resisting . BBC / October 10, 2012

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OPINIONS EUROPE The European Union: Solving financial crisis As the European Union continues to suffer financial insecurity, future measures to preventing this happening again is an issue that deserves strong consideration going forward Greece and Spain are bringing the Euro ever closer to collapse and the countries that are bankrolling the bailout funds are finding it increasingly difficult to sell the idea of saving the single currency to their national parliaments. The EU is in a very fragile position and fiscal stimulus should be of priority number one. The repercussions of allowing the single currency to collapse or a country defaulting will be felt across the Union, and globally. It is my opinion is that every single penny of the European budget should and will be put in to the single currency and member states before anything close to a financial collapse arises. The creation of a dedicated European Bailout Fund with a €500bn purse is only a temporary stop-gap approach to the financial crisis. Once a degree of stability is achieved, leaders of both the EU and the member states must create sufficient legislation to prevent a situation like this reoccurring. This has to be done through deeper integration and increased powers on the supranational level. The European Central Bank is pivotal to this and its powers and jurisdiction over the single currency has to be increased. It is here that true regulation and monitoring of the European Union’s financial status can be done. On the national level, greater measures to ensure that taxes and government income are paid and received have to be introduced. That makes for an unstable economy. It is not uncommon for Spanish people not to pay taxes to their government and it is here where national management of the economy has to improve. Improved tax collection schemes should be made to be implemented in all Euro countries and being British, I see no better scheme than the HMRC (Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs) that can be the blueprint for the whole of Europe. Dan PRICHETT

AMERICAS Battleground America It has nearly been four years since Barack Obama was sworn into office at the White House. The last six months have seen his re-election campaign stretch from Portland to Boston, but with just weeks to go, the President finds himself behind in the opinion polls. Republican Mitt Romney holds a three point lead in the polls, with the first of three televised debates having caused a swing in favour of the former Governor of Massachusetts. Romney’s right wing policies or a stagnation of belief in Obama have swung public opinion, and thrown the race for presidency wide open. Polar opposites, Obama’s auto industry bailout has been condemned by Romney, who instead has promoted greater tax cuts that over a decade will reduce government revenue by five trillion dollars. At the same time the Republican candidate wants to increase spending on military hardware and expand the US’ already hegemonic armed forces, yet the idea of this expansion with a fall in revenue doesn’t seem to compute. Economists will forever debate about ways to stimulate long term growth, spend and invest or cut and increase efficiency, and this can be applied to the Presidential race. Romney’s cuts and removal of regulations on banks that he claims stifle regulations are clearly intended to allow development in certain sectors, but at the same time these allow other structures to fail and collapse. Obama has shown his desire to protect economically vulnerable groups and to protect jobs. It is a classic case of the businessman versus the protectionist. The Republican versus the Democrat. Debating US political voting behaviour could be endless, but as John Micklethwait highlights in ‘The Right Nation’, the government of America has distinctively conservative traits, a theme which can also be noted in the wider American public. President Barack Obama may be fighting a losing battle to turn America into a socially protective, left wing society, and for attempting to instil diluted forms of this belief, he may be ousted from office by the electorate. We will know in four weeks time. Patrick Spicer WARD

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OPINIONS ASIA North Korea warns US on missiles North Korea says it has missiles that can hit the US mainland, in a statement two days after South Korea unveiled a missile deal with the US. The previous agreement between South Korea and the US in 2001 prevented the country from deploying ballistic missiles with a range of more than 186 miles (300 km) as well as payloads of more than 1,100 pounds due to the possibility of igniting a regional arms race. Now it is said that the new agreement between South Korea and the US eased the country’s ballistic missile range restrictions up to 500 miles (800 km). As a respond, the North Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs has released a statement claiming that “Japan, Guam and the US mainland” were within its “scope of strike”. The statement, in addition, says that the US has “destroyed” the mechanisms for preventing a “worldwide proliferation of ballistic missiles” as well as the effort for restraint of long-range missile launch and all other efforts for stability of the Korean Peninsula and its surrounding areas. Consequently, attention shifted towards how North Korea will react; could another missile test be in the works? It is likely that the deal between the US and the South Koreans will deteriorate the security dynamics in the region and boost the spread of long-range missiles. An aggressive gesture from North Korea seems probable. On the other hand, despite the tough statements of North Korea, some analysts do not find its warning credible since such a move requires too much capability which extends beyond that of North Korea.

Cansu BULUKLU

MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 100 Days of Mursi After the 100th day of Mursi’s presidency, the Egyptians have started to discuss about the performance of Mursi. Before the elections, the Muslim Brotherhood chose Khairat al-Shater as their official candidate for presidency however his candidacy was not allowed and al-Shater was banned from the elections. This situation caused the emergence of Mohammad Mursi, who became the new candidate of the Brotherhood. In the election process, Mursi declared a detailed 64-point plan to find immediate solutions to rooted problems of Egypt. The plan was divided into five parts: security, traffic, bread, fuel and cleanliness. Also he guaranteed that this whole plan would be realised in the first 100 days of his presidency. Thus, the success of Mursi is a debatable issue for Egyptians since 8th of October was the end of the 100 days. On the other hand, the determination of Mursi on civil – military relations has been seen as his most important victory because he forced Defence Minister Tantawi and his second in command Sami Enan into retirement. He also experienced a power struggle with the Supreme Council of Armed Forces and he managed to transfer executive and legislative authority from the Council to himself. Therefore, there are still many internal and external problems for Mursi. In the international arena, Mursi could not gain complete support from West because of the historical roots of the Brotherhood and angry protesters in Cairo denouncing an anti-Islamist film. He also has major quarrels with Supreme Judges within Egypt. Thus, besides daily and urgent problems of Egyptians, Mohammad Mursi should acquire a powerful stance in foreign policy. In spite of his attempts, in the forthcoming days, Mursi might have to deal with more critics. Anyone wishing to see the progress of Mursi in his 100 day promise, might enjoy checking out www.morsimeter.com and see for themselves. Alper AKGÜN

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ASIA

ASIA China and Japan Held Talks About Island Dispute Chinese diplomat made a secret visit to Tokyo this week to hold talks about a group of island. Luo Zhaohui, who leads the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s Asian Affairs Department, met with Shinsuke Sugiyama, the director general of the Asian and Oceanic Affairs Bureau at Japan’s Foreign Ministry. The talks appeared to signal a willingness to at least begin discussing their often highly emotional disagreement over control of the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands. The meeting offered the first glimpse of behind-the-scenes diplomacy aimed at cooling a heated territorial dispute that has set the two Asian powers increasingly at odds. Recall that the long-running dispute over islands flared anew this year, when the nationalist governor of Tokyo suddenly proclaimed that he wanted to buy some of the islands from their owner, a Japanese citizen. NY times/ October 12, 2012 Commemorations have been held on the Indonesian island of Bali to mark the bombings 10 years ago that killed 202 people. People from 21 nations died in the bombings, blamed on the Jemaah Islamiah militant group. BBC/ October 12, 2012

North Korea says it has missiles that can reach the United States North Korea said its missiles can reach the U.S. mainland - days after South Korea announced a deal with the U.S. to extend its missile range.

The strike zone of North Korean rocket forces includes "not only the bases of the puppet forces and the U.S. imperialist aggression forces' bases in the inviolable land of Korea, but also Japan, Guam and the U.S. mainland," Korean Central News Agency reported.But some analysts questioned the claim."That's been a desire or an objective, politically, for North Korean leadership for quite some time. But they have not demonstrated that capability," said Daniel Pinkston of the International Crisis Group's North At least 15 people have East Asia Program. South Korea said it reached a deal with the United been killed and up to 30 States that allows Seoul to extend the range of its ballistic missiles to wounded in a car bomb include the northern peninsula of North Korea. CNN/ October 9, 2012 attack on a market in north -west Pakistan. Officials say the bomber appeared to target members of a progovernment militia set up to fight the Taliban. BBC/ 14 year-old activist girl, shot in the head by a Taliban gunman, is in a stable condition after surgeons worked for hours to remove the bullet. October 13, 2012 Malala Yousafzai was gunned down as she left school in Pakistan by a single assailant. Two other A member of punk band girls were injured in the attack. The Islamist Pussy Riot was freed on group, said it targeted the girl because she appeal on Wednesday but a promoted secularism. Malala came to public Moscow court upheld attention after she wrote a diary for B B C Urdu on prison sentences for two life under the Taliban after they captured the others imposed over a valley in 2007. The shooting has sent shock waves raucous cathedral protest through Pakistan and authorities are stepping up against Vladimir Putin. security as the Taliban have vowed to attack her again. Malala who won a Reuters/ October 10, national award for bravery and nominated for an international peace prize 2012 is now in a battle for her life. Euronews/ October 10, 2012

Taliban vow to kill teenage girl

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MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA Russian anger at Turkey over plane interception Moscow has accused Turkey of putting the lives of Russian passengers in danger Davutoglu did not specify whether any weapons had been found, but unconfirmed reports in Turkish media said the seized items included boxes of military communication equipment. But Russia's foreign ministry spokesman Lukashevich said Turkish officials did not inform Moscow that Russian citizens were on the plane. "The Russian side continues to insist on an explanation." The plane was allowed to take off at 02:30 after several hours on the ground. Turkey's foreign ministry said there was "no basis" for Moscow's safety concerns. "After the landing, all measures were taken to ensure the safety of all passengers and to cater to their possible needs," the ministry said. BBC / October 11, 2012 NATO Secretary General Rasmussen said that Ankara can rely on the alliance, which has ’’All When King Abdullah announced a national fundraising drive to aid necessary plans in place to Syrian refugees, Saudis donated $150 M. protect and defend Turkey Saudi national television hosted a telethon, with banks of men in traditional if necessary.’’ Haaretz / robes manning phone lines and computers. Donations came by direct October 9, 2012 deposit into special bank accounts, or from families stuffing crumpled Riyal notes into collection boxes or donating their cars and even their watches. Beyond humanitarian concerns, Abdullah sees an opportunity to strike a The prime minister of key strategic blow against Iran, Syria's key ally and Saudi Arabia's main Israeli,Benyamin rival for power in the Middle East. Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran each Netanyahu, called for early claim to be the world's true center of Islam. Both nations are struggling to elections, capitalizing on a expand their influence in a region. The Washıngton Post/October7, 2012 wave of popularity for his Likud Party. Israeli opposition leader Shaul Mofaz of the Kadima Party welcomed the call for early elections.Voice of America / October 9, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah says unmanned reconnaissance 2012 aircraft was designed in Iran and assembled in Lebanon.

Saudis Line Up Against Assad

Drone downed by Israel 'sent by Hezbollah'

The leader of the Lebanese movement Hezbollah has said that his organisation launched an Iranian-built drone that was shot down in Israeli airspace last week. "A sophisticated reconnaissance aircraft was sent from Lebanese territory and travelled hundreds of kilometres over the sea before crossing enemy lines and into occupied Palestine," Hassan Nasrallah said on television on Thursday. He said the drone had overflown sensitive sites in Israel. "It's not the first time [that a drone was sent] and it will not be the last. We can reach all the zones" of Israel."Israel is breaking the law and invading our space all the time. They should get used to us invading their space," he said. Al Jazeera / October 9, 2012

Less than a week fater dissolving the parliement, Jordan’s King Abdullah II appointed the new prime minister, Abdullah Ensour, to perform a new government. CNN / October 10, 2012

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ARTICLE OF THE WEEK Anna Therese Day Independent Journalist

We the Peoples of the United Nations: Civilian Carnage in Syria Illuminates Need for UN Structural Reform It was 1960 when the opening of the UN General Assembly last grasped the attention of the world's audience. Amidst the Cold War fog, leaders from across the globe descended on Midtown Manhattan for their shot in the spotlight of the world's stage. The star-studded cast included the usual U.S.-Soviet suspects as well as the sexy renegades of the era, leaders from the new nations of the freshly decolonized Global South. From India's Nehru to Yugoslavia's Tito, the looming superpowers both courted and villainized these emerging characters, licking their lips at the possibility of proxy-loyalty and offering the narrow option of the carrot or the stick. Despite this binary Cold War paradigm, the rising chorus of the Non-Aligned Movement struck an aggravating chord among the superpowers. The Movement demanded independence from the neocolonial taste of encroaching U.S. and Soviet interests, articulated and then orated by a number of the world's charismatic leaders of the day. The most notorious of these "pests," Egypt's wildly popular President Gamal Abdul Nasser, sipped tea with the superpowers before stepping out for cigars with Fidel Castro, Malcolm X, and other colorful Cold War-characters. Despite this momentum from unexpected poles, however, try as they may, both allied and independent nations were forced to acknowledge the elephant in the room in September of 1960: the upcoming American presidential election between Kennedy and Nixon. According to the UN Department of Public Information, this year's Opening Session of the UN General Assembly counted the highest number of heads of state since 1960. Despite the passage of time, as the intoxicating parade of politicians and UN officials engulfed Manhattan this month, it was impossible to ignore the parallels with UNGAs of past. From the Security Council stand-offs between the world's superpowers, to the Global South's calls for structural reform, to the worldwide apprehension regarding the American presidential elections, the speeches of this year's 67th session echoed the discourse of decades past. Yet, today's departure undoubtedly lies in the growing cynicism surrounding the politics of the UN action, a healthy skepticism that has replaced former optimism and accrued increasingly with each failure over the past 50 years. The civilian carnage in Syria marks the latest of these failures. As the spectacle of UN Week commenced against the backdrop of Syrian bloodshed, a discussion of structural UN reform could not be more timely. The UN General Assembly already voted overwhelmingly to condemn the Assad regime, yet challenges from permanent members, Russia and China, prevented any resolution from proceeding to action. Though Russia's arms industry plays a role in this dynamic, Russia and China have cited NATO's perceived escalation of the UN mandate in Libya (from peacekeeping to regime-change) as grounds for suspicion of Western intentions in Syria. In August, former UN Secretary General and Special Envoy to Syria, Kofi Annan, resigned in frustration with the failure of the Syrian government to adhere to the UN's proposed peace plan.

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His resignation was only to be followed by a hopeless report from his replacement, Algerian statesman Lakhdar Brahimi, at the beginning on the Opening Session. As the situation surrounding Syria illustrates, the politics of the Security Council deprives the UN of its ability to fulfill its obligation to civilians around the world. "I feel like we're back in the Cold War on the Syria situation," explains UN spokesperson, Stephane Dujarric in a recent conversation during UN Week. "You have Russia and China on one side, the Western powers on the other, and no end to this stalemate in sight. Situations like these illuminate the need for structural reform at the UN." Since its establishment, a battle over systemic reform of the UN, particularly surrounding the P5, the five permanent members of the Security Council that hold veto power, has been waged unsuccessfully by a number of players. Countries like India, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, Japan, and Germany have heightened their calls for a more democratic UN political system over the past decade, emphasizing their large populations, their economic emergence, and their regional representation as sources of legitimacy. Disagreements in the direction of reform, however, have posed the most significant barriers to progress on this front. "The services of the UN are primarily directed at communities in the Global South and yet not a single P5 member state is from Africa for example," notes Dujarric. In this respect and others, a more representative Security Council would not only strengthen the legitimacy of the UN as an institution, but would also enhance its ability to properly serve communities trapped in poverty and conflict. Civilian devastation in Syria and other countries of the Global South highlight both the need and opportunity for this type of discussion. "A major question we grapple with is the meaning of the UN Charter," reflects Dujarric. "It begins 'We the Peoples of the United Nations...' Is this an obligation to the peoples of the world or the nations? If we agree it's an obligation to the peoples, how do we deal with the politics of nations that deny civilians their rights?" With the world's attention quickly shifting from UN Week to America's 2012 election, the future of multilateral diplomacy and international democracy remains bleak. Will the world's growing skepticism toward UN (in)action galvanize the movement for structural reform? Or will another 50 years pass, further cementing the UN as an institution of global hegemony in place of its ideals of global democracy? This year's ongoing civilian tragedy in Syria suggests its time for the former, and, in the spirit the peoples of the United Nations, now is the time to infuse a sense of urgency into righting these structural wrongs. Huffington Post/ October 10, 2012

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TURKEY Plane crisis adds to Turkey-Syria tension Already heightened tension between Turkey and Syria reaches a new high. A civilian Syrian passenger airplane flying from Moscow to Damascus was forced to land at Ankara’s Esenboğa Airport late on Oct. 10 and some of the cargo aboard was seized due to intelligence that it included material in violation of international civil aviation rules. Turkey allowed the aircraft to take off and continue on its route after seizing its cargo and grounding it for nine hours. “We are determined not to allow arms supply via Turkish airspace to a regime that is resorting to cruelty against its own people. Trying to do so by using our airspace is unacceptable” said Ahmet Davutoğlu. However, Russia slammed Ankara, demanding that Turkey explain its interception of the Syrian plane flying from Moscow and saying Ankara had put the lives of passengers at risk while Syria accused Turkey of lying "to justify his government's hostile attitude towards Syria. Hurriyet Daily News / October 12, 2012 Turkey scrambled two fighter planes to the border with Syria on Friday after a

European Commission announces progress report on Turkey

Syrian military helicopter bombed the Syrian border

The Commission made public its annual progress reports on Turkey.

town of Azmarin. Reuters /

The Commission eulogized both the civil-military relations and the

October 12, 2012

progress that was achieved on the new constitution while it expressed concerns over freedom of expression in its progress report on Turkey. The report said that revision of the constitution provided an opportunity to address a number of problems in Turkey. "The killing of 34 civilians in Uludere, and the absence of a transparent public inquiry into the events,

“Our membership perspective has contributed to EU receiving the Nobel Peace Prize” said Turkish EU Minister Egemen Bağış. Hurriyet Daily News / October 12, 2012

also damaged confidence," it added. Haberturk / October 10, 2012

Parliament Approves Cross Border Motion A government motion to extend the Turkish military’s authority for cross-border operations against members of PKK.

“This is not a motion for war; this motion has been adopted to provide peace. We wish Kurdish regional administration would have prevented the threat directed to Turkey from its soil, but it did not carry out such an action,” Defence Minister İsmet Yılmaz said in Parliament during the debates. Parliament authorized cross-border operaTurkey's state-run news tions into northern Iraq in 2007 and has agency says a Syrian shell extended the mandate each year. The molanded on Turkish territory tion would authorize the government to for a sixth day, but made no determine the scale, scope and timing of mention of any immediate military action. The current mandate of Turkish retaliation. NY the motion expires Oct. 17. Hurriyet DaiDaily News/ October 8, ly News/ October 12, 2012

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WHAT IS ECO? The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) is an intergovernmental organization involving seven Asian and three Eurasian nations, part of the South Central Asian Union. It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade, and investment opportunities. The ECO is an ad hoc organization under the United Nations Charter. ECO's secretariat and cultural department are located in Tehran, its economic bureau is in Turkey and its scientific bureau is situated in Pakistan. The organization's population is 416,046,863 and the area is 8,620,697 km². The organization was founded by Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. The common objective is to establish a single market for goods and services, much like the European Union.

16 October 2012: Ben Feuerbach Trabzon DT(Theater) Şinasi Sahnesi/ 20.00 Suna Kan (Concert) Bilkent Konser Salonu/20.00 Van Gogh Alive (Exhibition) CerModern 17 October 2012: Bedük (Concert) Passage Pub/21.30 Aşk Hastası (Theater) Cüneyt Gökçer Sahnesi/20.00 Birsen Tezer(Concert)

ODDLY ENOUGH

Nefes Bar/ 21.00 18 October 2012: Tedi Papavrami Solo Keman Resitali (Concert) MEB Şura Salonu/20.00 Tango Legends(Dance Show) Anadolu Gösteri Merkezi/21.00 19 October 2012: Yaşar (Concert) ODTÜ Mezunlar Derneği Vişnelik/ 20.00 Athena(Concert) Jolly Joker/22.00 Absent Night Party (Party) James Dean/22.00 20 October 2012: Türk Telekom-Antalya BŞB(Sport) Ankara Spor Salonu/ 17.00 Fosforlu Cevriye (Musical) Akün Sahnesi/20.00

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EDITORIAL We are glad to present our first issue of the year to our fellow students. In this issue, you can find breaking news from all over the world, from Mexico to Syria. Our new team deserve all praise because of their enthusiasm and effort. Thanks to them and out experienced coordinators, we were able to deliver this issue to you in a very limited amount of time. This year, the general aim of our team and myself is to deliver news and to recapture the prestige of being a newspaper.

TWITTER FEED Romney and Ryan have been spreading misinformation about Medicare. Get the facts from me. Joe Biden, Vice President of U.S.A. While comforting about Syria, Russia signed an arms deal with Iraq. $4.3 bn. One fifth of Turkey’s budget in one party. Situation’s dire. Koray Çalışkan, Boğaziçi University / Radikal

Whether there was something in the plane or not, it looks like whoever gave the intelligence were successful in their agenda. The General Director of News Report Disrupting it goes through increasing communication with Russia. Deniz Ülke Arıboğan, Bilgi University

GENERAL DIRECTOR ALPER AKGÜN

Bring the troops home: defence chiefs draw up plans to speed up Afghan withdrawal. Follows Osborne challenge to top brass. Tony Gallagher, Editor of the Daily Telegraph

COORDINATORS HAZAL AKGÜL AYŞE ATASOY CANSU BULUKLU BEGÜM ÇELİKTUTAN YİĞİTCAN ERDOĞAN

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News Report Volume 7 Issue 1