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Aero India 2013 Show News

We will be having a very large UK delegation, led by Minister Philip Dunne

This year, United States will have a robust presence at Aero India

Sir James Bevan KCMG

Nancy J. Powell

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United States Ambassador

The South African Defence Industry is committed to India

British High Commissioner

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M W Mogale

Acting South African High Commissioner

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defence diplomacy security

wednesday 6, february 2013


Brahmos Chief A. Sivathanu Pillai on the reusable BrahMos and the other challenges that confront him Page 6

asia's defence

aviation show is here again

Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne's shopping list ! Page 8

BENGALURU, February 5: India's prestigious five-day festival of metal birds is here. India's Defence Minister A K Antony will declare the show open on February 6, following which business delegations will visit the show for the first three days of the event. The last two days have been earmarked for the general public to visit the show, primarily to help create awareness and interest in the Indian citizenry in

aviation. Aero India 2013 comes at an exciting time for the Indian defence market that is projected to grow into the third largest behind the US and China in the next five years. This bullish projection of the Indian defence market's attraction to the global arms vendors has been fuelled by the country's armed forces readying to modernise their force levels and gearing up

to spend up to $100 billion over the next decade commensurate with their plans. Accordingly, that spending by the Indian armed forces corresponds to the nation's defence capital outlay in the 12th five-year plan from 2012 to 2017, though 2012-13 itself witnessed a $2 billion cut in the capital expenditure of nearly $16 billion. Of course, the Indian Defence Ministry is hoping to ward off that cut

High Flyers at the show R K Tyagi says Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) will showcase its strengths in design, development and production at the show Page 10

BENGALURU, February 5: With the Indian Air Force (IAF) aerobatics display team 'Surya Kirans' temporarily out of action after their HAL-made Kiran MkII planes being loaned away for rookie pilots training, this year's star attraction during flying displays will be the HAL's 'Sarang' team flying on the indigenous Dhruv helicopters, painted in glamourous Peacock colours, to mesmerising Indian tunes. As in the last edition of AeroIndia, the Czech Republic's Flying Bulls will be at the show with their ZLIN 560 LX planes. The new addition to the aerobatics this year at Yelahanka will be the Russian Knights from the Russian Air Force flying their Su-27 planes.

A photo of one of the Sarang helicopters in flight during Aero India 2011

and get back the $2 billion it has already surrendered to the central exchequer. With this as the background, the ninth edition of the AeroIndia 2013, co-hosted by the Defence Ministry and the industry body FICCI, will enthrall the aerospace enthusiasts and the aerospace businesses, both domestic (Continued on Page 4)



US will continue to pursue defence trade and cooperation with India United States Ambassador Nancy J. Powell on the importance of Aero India for the US Defence Industry A few words on Aero India and your country’s participation in the event. This year, as in the past, the United States will have a robust presence at Aero India. In addition to bringing US military aircraft to participate in static and flying displays, our Department of Defence will send a delegation of senior officials to consult with Government of India counterparts. US industry will be well represented by a large presence in the US Pavilion in Hall E and the USIndia Business Council and American Chamber of Commerce India will bring a large delegation of their members to attend the show. Your country's long and fruitful partnership with India is well known.  How do we further deepen this relationship in the field of defence and aviation? The India-US partnership has been called by President Obama one of the defining partnerships of the twenty-first century. The strength and durability of our partnership rests on the firm

foundation of the strong connections and shared values that bind our two great nations together. Today, there is less need for dramatic breakthroughs that marked earlier phases in our relationship, but more need for steady, focussed cooperation aimed at working through our differences and advancing the interests and values we share.  This kind of daily, weekly, monthly collaboration is strategically significant.  Would it be right to say that our relationship is no more one of buyer and seller, but a more collaborative relationship? Our bilateral relationship is far greater than any individual sale and is not transactional in nature.  The US and India have an overarching shared interest in promoting global security and


Aerosonde Small UAS ®

A GREAT LEAP: The US Secretary of Defence, Leon E Panetta meeting the Defence Minister, A K Antony in New Delhi in 2012

Finally, would you be visiting the air show? Yes, and I am looking forward to the visit.

Ananth Ramaswami

Managing Director, CAE India

troduced and heavy investments are made to ensure that the type remains ahead of the threat. As a direct consequence French Navy Rafales are also due to receive the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) for the Thales RBE2 radar in 2013, and the Meteor ramjet-propelled missile in 2018, like their French Air Force counterparts.


Developing the Rafale The Rafale was optimised for carrier and land base operation from the very beginning of the development programme and Dassault Aviation engineers have managed to design a fighter that totally fulfils the French Navy's stringent requirements. A rugged airframe (with a delta wing and canard foreplanes) was chosen to offer high maximum and cruising speeds, excellent agility, stunning high angle of attack performance and remarkable low-speed handling characteristics. This translates into outstanding operational efficiency and full carrier compatibility, with precise handling in the carrier landing pattern. The airframe is well protected from marine corrosion and is fully compatible with the severe electromagnetic environment found on every aircraft-carrier. Numerous innovative systems have been adopted, such as the powered internal access ladder or the catapulting mode which automatically controls the launch and climb-out for the first 10 to 15 seconds after leaving the catapult. The fighter's

Into operational service In December 2000, the first Rafale omnirole fighters were presented to the press at Landivisisau naval air station, officially kicking off the beginning of a very successful operational career. Two naval squadrons, Flottilles 11F and 12F, are now fully operational with the type, with a third one, Flottille 17F, due to convert from the Super Etendard in the 2015/2016 timeframe. The two squadrons are fully multirole, and they take turns operating from nuclear aircraft-carrier Charles de Gaulle, the French flagship that visited India in 2004, 2006 and 2011. French Navy Rafales are now proven and fully mature aircraft which are continually being improved: new systems and new weapons, such as the AM39 Exocet Block 2 Mod 2 missiles, are regularly in-


stability, and we will continue to pursue defence trade and cooperation that supports our mutual interests.

The reasons behind the choice of the Rafale are not difficult to guess, according to an insider who was privy to the decision.

weapon system was conceived to handle all types of missions that could be conducted from an aircraft-carrier: fleet airdefence, air superiority, anti-ship strikes, deep attacks with cruise missiles, precision strikes, close air support, battlefield air interdiction, reconnaissance, nuclear deterrence and buddy-buddy refuelling.

unmanned aircraft systems

Shadow M2 Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)

Why the Rafale?

he French Navy long has a tradition of operating fighters from the decks of aircraft-carriers and this experience proved decisive when writing the requirement for a new naval fighter to replace the Super Etendard strike fighter, the Etendard IVP recce bird and the F-8 Crusader interceptor. This requirement eventually led to the acclaimed Rafale omnirole fighter that has since proved so successful in combat operations.


Combat-proven French Navy Rafales have successfully been engaged into combat in Afghanistan and Libya, demonstrating how such an advanced fighter could be used for power projection and forward presence. In Afghanistan, Rafales have taken part in countless close air support sorties, their presence often proving decisive for troops in contact: GBU-12 laser guided bombs and AASMs (Armements Air-Sol Modulaires, or modular air-to-surface weapons) stand-off precision munitions have been routinely delivered with clinical accuracy, helping 'friendlies' prevail on the ground. In Libya, French Air Force and French Navy Rafales operating from land bases and from aircraft-carrier Charles de Gaulle have conducted, without any losses or combat damage, a wide range of missions, including air-superiority, escort, self-escort, destruction of enemy air defences, dynamic targeting, deep strikes with Scalp cruise missiles and buddy-buddy refuelling. Thousands of flying hours have been logged in combat, with the Rafale proving very easy to operate, maintain and repair at sea. Since entering service, French Navy Rafales have also regularly operated from US Navy aircraft-carriers, including the deployment of six Rafales onboard USS Theodore Roosevelt, in 2008. As a result, total interoperability with their American counterparts was demonstrated by French naval aviators.

India represents one of the fastestgrowing defence and aviation markets, so we expect Aero India to be very well-attended. It offers CAE an excellent opportunity to highlight our world-class simulation-based technologies and solutions for both defence and civil aviation. We firmly believe that India's defence forces need to increase their use of high-fidelity simulation because it is cost-effective, enhances safety, and helps ensure our defence forces are prepared and ready for the challenges they may face.

Yedidia Yaari

President and CEO Rafael

For the first time in India, Rafael will display its entire portfolio of aerial solutions and systems at the Aero India Show: David's Sling, Iron Dome, the Spice Precision Guidance Kits, Reconnaissance, observation and targeting systems such as 'Litening' and Command and Control Communication Systems. Rafael's systems are Discriminate, Precise and Proportional, which in turn makes them economic, efficient and effective. Rafael considers the Aero India Show an excellent platform to showcase its wide portfolio of solutions and systems for air applications. It is also an effective opportunity to meet with our Indian and other international customers and partners and explore further possibilities.





ASIA'S BIGGEST MILITARY SHOW... (Continued from Page 1) STRENGTHENING NEIGHBOURS: Defence Minister A K Antony handed over a Dornier 228 Surveillance Aircraft to the Foreign Minister of Seychelles, Jean Paul Adam, in New Delhi on January 31, 2013. The Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral D K Joshi and other dignitaries are also seen.

Todd Hattaway

Regional Sales Director, Hawker Beechcraft

Aero India has already carved a niche for itself globally as a premier aerospace exhibition and provides us a platform to explore additional business opportunities in this sector. We are looking forward to this event to highlight our offerings in the special mission segment, especially Beechcraft King 350i which is one of the proven products around the globe as a special mission aircrafts. We also believe that the Beechcraft series is the aircraft that India needs.

and foreign, from February 6 to 10. Also, the AeroIndia show at Bengaluru's Yelahanka air base has grown into one of Asia's largest military air show, considering that there are numerous civilian air shows around this part of the world. Though the business done during

AeroIndia is not maintained, an interesting feature is that business done due to the air shows in the previous years has led to about $4 billion worth of offset being ploughed back into India and business opportunities worth nearly $3 billion had already been generated for the private sector.

The biennial event is returning to Bengaluru, despite talks that the venue of the air show that happens once every two years may be shifted out to some other city, considering the congestion around Yelahanka and the logistics difficulties. The reason for such a thought, according to some informed members of the Indian establishment, is the civilian air show that happens in Hyderabad, alternating with the Bengaluru military air show, once every two years. But Indian Defence Ministry officials have allayed those fears for now, noting that Yelahanka is the best bet as a venue for the military air show, considering that the Indian aerospace industry is majorly concentrated in Bengaluru, the capital of the southern Indian state of Karnataka. — Geopolitics Bureau

ing: Pilatus, Dhruv and more Puneet Kaura

Executive Director, Samtel Avionics & Defence Systems

Aero India is a great opportunity for the Indian industry to showcase its strength. Samtel and its JV companies plan to exhibit our expanded range of capabilities through our booth. The visitors will be able to see how our competencies, focus and product range have multiplied over the years, and how today India stands at par with worldwide giants. India is today at the cornerstone of a major turnaround where the defence and aerospace industry is concerned. The focus of the world is at India, and we must capitalise on this opportunity to lead India on the global defence and aerospace map. Samtel is aggressively moving towards this objective, and through this Air Show, we look forward to generating larger interest from the global industry players where our products are concerned. AeroIndia has provided us with a great platform to showcase our capabilities. It is one of the largest airshows in this part of the world, and the enthusiastic participation from leading names in the international industry is a testimony to that. Samtel’s growing range of products was put on display at our booth and we are glad that we have been able to generate a large amount of interest from global players.

Kevin Cosgriff

Senior Vice President of International Business and Government, Textron Systems

Textron Systems is probably best known in India currently as the manufacturer of the Sensor Fuzed Weapon, or SFW, which we are delivering to the Indian Air Force for its Jaguar aircraft based on a 2010 foreign military sale. However, we expect that Aero India 2013 will continue to raise awareness and understanding of Textron Systems' comprehensive capabilities in India. Also, the show will afford us many opportunities to engage the customer base and potential technology partners to deepen our relationships and discuss how we might work together. Textron Systems, and the entire Textron enterprise, is dedicated to teaming with Indian organisations, both public and private.

BENGALURU, February 5: With at least 53 civil and military aircraft from leading manufacturers and suppliers across the globe confirming their presence, either in flying or static displays, this year's show is expected to be a major attraction as in the previous two editions held in 2009 and 2011. The two previous editions had the lure of the Indian tender for the 'mother of all deals' to supply the Indian Air Force a total of 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) that has now been decided in favour of French firm Dassault Aviation's Rafale aircraft. The 2009 and 2011 Aero India shows witnessed the participation of all the contenders for the MMRCA, with most of them even bringing in their aircraft for flying and static displays such as the American Boeing's F/A-18 and Lockheed Martin's F-16, Swedish Saab's Gripen, European consortium EADS Cassidian's Eurofighter Typhoon and the Russian MiG-35, apart from the ultimate winner Rafale. But this year's show will only witness participation from Rafale and F-16s combat planes, according to Defence Production Secretary R K Mathur. Though this is a sign of the diminishing interest in the combat planes market in India, there is nothing to fret over it, as other aircraft on offer from major plane manufacturers will be Yelahanka. Of all the aircraft participating this year, 55 per cent are civilian. Swiss Pilatus Aircraft, which won the Indian tender last year for the 75 Basic Trainer Aircraft, will come with its civilian PC-12NG plane, Brazilian Embraer will come with its Legacy 650 and the Lineage 1000 executive jets, Dassault Aviation will bring its Falcon 900LX, Falcon 2000S and Falcon 7X, all three civilian planes. The Canadian Bombardier Aerospace will get its Global 6000 and Challenger 605 civilian planes, while the European chopper manufacture Eurocopter will get its Dauphin AS365

N3+ civil helicopter. The Indian offering this season is likely to be the Indo-Russian joint venture Fifth General Fighter Aircraft, though a confirmation on it being made available, even for a static display, is await ed. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India's defence R&D outfit, will get its Embraer planes that are used for the indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) systems. The indigenous Advanced Light Helicopters 'Dhruv' too, will be there as an Indian attraction on the strength of it having found some foreign military customers in the recent years including Ecuador. It will also put up on display the latest Agni-V long range ballistic missile that was successfully tested for beyond 5,000-km range last year, apart from its avionics, radars and other equipment relating to aerospace. Defence public sector Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will showcase its Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) this year. LCH debuted in the AeroIndia edition of 2011, but it had a technical snag resulting in its flying display disrupted for a day then, causing an embarrassment. HAL's proud offering, the Weapon Systems Integrated Dhruv, too will there. Christened as 'Rudra', this platform is all set to obtain its final clearance for induction into the Indian Army's Aviation wings later this year. As in the past, India's Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) will roar over the Bengaluru skies and so will the Intermediate Jet Trainer. Among HAL's static display will be LCA's naval variant with armament mock-ups, Rustom-1 and Nishant UAVs on its launch vehicle. Apart from these planes and helicopters, the AeroIndia this year will have all aviation related technologies and allied equipment on display, assured Mathur. This year's attraction will be the participation of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), which will not only put up a display, but also showcase aerospace offerings from its stable.

STARS IN THEIR OWN RIGHT: (Top to bottom) Light Combat Helicopter (LCH), Pilatus trainer, Lakshya and Nishant uav

Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas





'Britain aims to be a long-term, trusted and valued partner' British High Commissioner on his country's participation in Aero India

Viktor Komardin

Head of the Delegation Deputy Director General, Rosoboronexport

Aero India is one of the most representative, specialised shows in the AsiaPacific region. I am sure that AERO INDIA will give a strong new impetus to the successful relations between Russia and India in the military-technical sphere.

A few words on Aero India and your country's participation in the event. We are looking forward to attending Aero India. We will be having a very large UK delegation, led by Minister Philip Dunne (Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology). We will also be hosting a large UK reception on the eve of the airshow.

CO-OPERATION FOR DEFENCE: A file photo of a high-level British Defence Trade Mission and Delegation led by Gerald Howarth, United Kingdom's Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for the Ministry of Defence, who is titled as Minister for Internal Security Strategy, met the then Minister of State for Defence, Dr M M Pallam Raju, early last year

Your country's long and fruitful partnership with India is well known. How do we further deepen this relationship in the field of defence and aviation? Through partnership and forging deeper, wider and stronger links between our defence industries, our armed forces and our governments. Would it be right to say that our relationship is no more one of buyer and seller, but a more collaborative relationship? Yes — we aim to be long term, trusted and valued partners in India's path to-

wards a having modern, vibrant and world-leading indigenous defence industry and armed forces. We do not wish the relationship to simply be seen as a transactional supplier/export customer one.

Finally, would you be visiting the air show? The Minister will be accompanied throughout by the Deputy High Commissioner — Bengaluru, Mr Ian Felton.

Dmitry Petrov

CEO, Russian Helicopters

Aero India is a major global air show and is of great importance to both our company and our country. As a long-term partner for India in aviation and technical co-operation, Russian Helicopters is proud to be involved in Aero India and to be showcasing our line-up of helicopters, which are in high demand in India.

"BrahMos Project boasts an order book of $5 bn+" Sivathanu Pillai, CEO and MD, BrahMos Aerospace on future plans Hans R Petersen

Vice President, Strategic Sales, Sensonor

Sensonor continues to expand the boundaries of MEMS gyros, and to build a broad portfolio of high performance inertial sensors. The STIM300 is the latest addition to our inertia portfolio, and suitable for navigation, guidance, and platform stabilisation applications in the Industrial, Aerospace, Defence and Energy markets. STIM300 is in production. Sensonor is a global leader in MEMS technology, designing and manufacturing advanced, gyro sensors, gyro modules and IMUs for high-precision applications.

Dror Sharon


CONTROP was recently awarded the prestigious prize for Technological Innovation in Aerospace for development of the STAMP family of Stabilized Miniature Payloads for Small UAVs. The STAMPs were also selected by the Israeli Ministry of Defence (MoD) as the sole supplier for the Israeli tactical Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (SUAV) Sky Rider Programme. Soon India is to join other modern countries in acquisition of operational UAVs of various sizes. 

You have been given a target to have an operational hypersonic reusable BrahMos missile before the 12th Five-Year Plan ends in 2017. What are the new technological challenges that you intend to address in the development of the hypersonic BrahMos missile? After successfully developing the land and sea versions of BRAHMOS and getting ready to conduct the air-launched version of the missile test soon, we have set our eyes on the ambitious target of designing, developing and flight-testing the hypersonic BRAHMOS II missile within next four to five years. Tests are yet to be conducted for configuring with the propulsion and for engine and flight tests, which would take at least five years. The hypersonic BRAHMOS is envisioned to become the fastest cruise missile by flying at a speed of 7-8 Mach (seven to eight times the speed of sound). The hypersonic missile, will definitely provide an advantage to the Indian armed forces in future warfare. Hypersonic flight begins at Mach 5, or five times the speed of sound. The leading powers in the world at present are experimenting with hypersonic technology and reputed many developmental problems. One of the technological challenges before us is to withstand very high speed and vibration while travelling in Earth's atmosphere. Hence, thermal protection of the missile is crucial for the hypersonic flight to succeed. What steps have you taken to upstage the challenges in the hypersonic missile plan and what is the timeline for successful completion of the project? Hypersonic research and testing of the technology modules are progressing at

DRDO & NPOM. BrahMos Aerospace has started the ground work in configuring the missile and in bringing together academic and industrial institutions across India and Russia for research on suitable robotics, high temperature materials and other systems required for high speed regime. We have entered into an agreement with Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and set up the Centre of Excellence Hypersonics. A MoU with Russia's Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI) was also entered into for carrying out research in hypersonics. We hope to achieve a breakthrough in successfully developing technology modules by 2016-17. How is your order book looking up? Could you give some perspective on the plans to supply the Block-I and Block-II of the supersonic BrahMos to the Indian armed forces? The BrahMos project, which started with a share capital of $250 million between India and Russia with 50.5 per cent from Indian side and 49.5 per cent from Russian side, today boasts an order book of more than $5 billion and with orders expected from export it's going to be three times. This itself speaks volumes for the trust the armed forces have in this formidable weapon system- which is today the world's best supersonic cruise missile. The mobile land-based configuration of BRAHMOS has achieved several advancements over the years in the form of Block I, Block II and Block III variants

with each having its own distinct potentiality to hit and destroy enemy targets accurately. The Indian Army has placed orders for BRAHMOS to be deployed in multiple regiments and are already fully operational. The plan to integrate BrahMos with the Sukhois seems to be facing hurdles and delays? Where do you see the roadblocks and by when do you think this project be completed? Are you also looking at other Indian Air Force platforms for integrating BrahMos with and why? Development of BRAHMOS airlaunched version is well within the stipulated schedule. We are ambitious to prove it early, so you get to know different dates. It is not a small task . IAF will be most powerful air force once integrated with SU-30MKI. Everything is moving in expected line. How is the anti-aircraft carrier BrahMos project shaping up? How much of developmental work is left? BrahMos has developed a steep dive capable Block-III which can strike vertically and split aircraft carriers. This version is ready. A lot of friendly nations have shown keen interest in buying BrahMos. Has the issues on exports with your Russian partner sorted out? Are export orders likely anytime soon? We are awaiting the good news on export very soon.



Mikhail Pogosyan



A multi-billion shopping list India's aerospace and defence industry will benefit from the synergies between commercial and military aerospace technologies.

President, United Aircraft Corportation (UAC)

For 50 years Russia has demonstrated in practice its readiness to share the best technologies with our key strategic partner — India. The result is more than 500 aircraft in operation. We come to Air India 2013 confident in the long-term success of our joint programmes, ready to create together the most innovative products for India.

John Gay

Senior Vice-President Customer Business, Defence Aerospace, South Asia, Rolls-Royce

Aero India gives us a great platform to showcase our technology and products and has been an enabler for exchange of innovative ideas. As our in-service fleets continue to increase we are looking to strengthen our local partnerships to deliver greater levels of support to the benefit of the customers here. We have excellent opportunities in India for both new engine sales and services. India has indicated that it is looking to acquire additional AE 2100-powered C-130 aircraft and Adour-powered Hawks. The AE 2100 engine is also the powerplant for the C-27J aircraft which is also under consideration by the IAF, and would offer significant commonality benefits if selected alongside the C-130J fleet. For the tanker programme, the Trent 700 offers real performance benefits for the A330 tanker aircraft that was recently selected for the Indian Air Force. It delivers unrivalled operational benefits in the 'hot and high' conditions that are part of normal operational requirements in India and is proven to offer significant reductions in Life Cycle Cost for the IAF mission requirement. We were delighted with the performance of the engine during the flight trials for the MRTT where the Trent 700 engine was able to demonstrate its capabilities to the IAF in India. In addition, there are several ongoing helicopter campaigns in which we have a keen interest, including the LHTEC T800 as a potential powerplant for the Light Utility Helicopter. We are also looking to work more closely with the Indian Armed Forces to enable them to benefit from some of the innovative support techniques that have been proven in other areas of our business, such as Marine and Civil and which are now being widely adopted by military customers looking to maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of their fleets. This is equally relevant both for new engines as they enter service, or for existing products in service such as the Gnome in the Indian Navy's Sea King fleet.


ooking to spend over ` two lakh crore on its modernisation, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has plans to acquire some of the best state-of-the-art equipment and weapon systems. The IAF, which spent `1.12 lakh crore in the 11th plan, will look like a brand new force in the next five years. Geopolitics takes a look as to how the force will shape up in the next five years with its planned inductions. 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA): As expected, if India signs the deal with Dassault for the Rafale in the next financial year, the IAF will have the MMRCA aircraft parked at the Ambala air base for the first squadron by the end of 2017 or early 2018. The squadron would be the first of the six that the IAF plans to deploy along the Northern, Western and the Eastern boundaries. As per the contract, the first squadron has to be delivered off-the-shelf within 36 months of the contract signing and the rest to be delivered in next five to six years. All the 126 aircraft are expected to arrive by the end of 13th plan in 2022. Su-30MKI: In next five years, the IAF will have completed the induction of all of its 272 Su-30MKI combat jets. The force would also be moving towards upgrading its fleet of first batch of Su30MKIs inducted in the early part of the least decade into Super Sukhois armed with long-range stand-off missiles such as the air-launched BrahMos and Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar. The IAF would be operating 14 squadrons of the aircraft in next five years. 180 Pilatus basic trainer aircraft: The first of the 75 Swiss Pilatus trainer aircraft has already arrived in India and the remaining are set to be inducted in the next four to five years. The IAF, which is facing an acute shortage of trainer aircraft, has plans of ordering around 105 more such aircraft as it has already asked the HAL to scrap its programme for developing HTT-40, a homegrown basic trainer aircraft. In the next five years, they would be in full strength at the Air Force Academy, where they would be used to provide training to the rookie pilots of the force.

16 C-17s: The strategic heavy-lift capability of the force will be fully augmented with the induction of ten C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from the US. The `22,000 crore buy by the IAF is one of its most critical and force multiplier procurements in view of its carrying capabilities. Against the backdrop of Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) developing its indigenous heavy-lift aircraft Y-20, the IAF has plans for ordering another six such aircraft. 15 Chinooks: Plans are also underway to induct all of its 15 Chinook heavy lift choppers in next five years. The IAF will use them to replace the fleet of Mi26 choppers deployed at the Chandigarh airbase. The heavy lift choppers showed their unique load ferrying capabilities during trials in high altitude. The IAF also saw them operate across the Line of Control during the 2005 earthquake in Kashmir. The helicopters would be used mainly for supplying heavy loads to difficult-to-reach mountain bases and airlifting howitzers such as the ultra-

for the replacement of 56 Avro aircraft. The contenders offering the replacements include Spanish Airbus Military, EADS CASA, Canadian Bombardier and Russian and Ukrainian aircraft manufacturers. By the end of the 12th plan period, the force would be fully assured about its carrying capabilities with the C-17s, Ilyushin-76, C-130Js, Indo-Russian multirole Transport Aircraft, Antonv-32s and the planned inductions of replacements for Avros. Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) to start being in final development phase: Indian Air Force's biggest buy would be the `165,000 crore project for around 180 Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft also known as the PAK-FA. The aircraft, which are to be inducted into the IAF by the beginning of the next decade, would be in its final development stages and one of its prototypes would also be flying in India for military certifications and modification into it for Indian specifications. The IAF would have started making payments for the joint de-

The IAF, which spent `1.12 lakh crore in the 11th plan, will look like a brand new force in the next five years. The force will shape up in the next five years with its planned inductions of 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA), Su-30MKI, 180 Pilatus basic trainer aircraft, 16 C-17s, 15 Chinooks, 22 Attack helicopters Apache, Harop drones, C-130Js and more. light ones to far-flung areas in northeast and northern borders. The force is in final stages of negotiating the price of the choppers with the Defence Ministry. 22 Attack helicopters Apache: The 22 attack choppers are expected to be in the force's inventory by the end of this plan period in 2017. The gunships are going to significantly enhance the ground support capabilities of the force but it is still not clear whether the world's best gunships would be with the IAF or the Army in view of the on-going tussle between the two Services for combat helicopters. Harop drones: Taking its war fighting methods to a new high, the IAF would start inducting the Israeli-origin Harop armed drones by the end of this year. The new drones would give it a capability to strike enemy targets without risking lives of its pilots. The IAF has plans of using the combat drones in both low and high intensity conflicts. C-130J and Avro replacement: Another fillip to the transport capabilities of the force would come from the additional six C-130Js that the force ordered from the Lockheed Martin in a Foreign Military Sales (FMS) deal. The six new aircraft would be based at Panagarh in West Bengal to look after the North-eastern region requirements. By the end of this plan around 2017, the IAF would have also finalised its choice

Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne

velopment programme and investing in its armament and other critical systems. Light helicopters for Cheetah/ Chetak replacements: The most critical requirement of the force at the moment is the need for replacing the Cheetah/Chetak choppers in its inventory. The force uses it mainly for reconnaissance over and around its bases and for supporting air maintenance operations in the Siachen Glacier area in the northern sector. The replacements are long overdue. The Army, which is the lead agency for procuring 197 choppers for the IAF and itself, has already, evaluated the Eurocopter Fennec and Russian Ka22 Sergei for the project. The deal is in an advanced stage and awaiting Ministry clearance for opening up of commercial bids. If the deal is finalised in this fiscal, the IAF would have it in its inventory in next four to five years. VVIP Flying: The first two Agusta Westland 101 choppers have already arrived in the country and the rest are expected to be here by the end of 2013. The IAF would replace its Mi-8 choppers used for ferrying VVIPs in next couple of years. The IAF is also planning to augment its fleet of Embraer business jets by inducting four more of these aircraft. The additions would be complete by the end of the current plan period. Six Airbus A330 MRTT tankers: With the Defence Ministry negotiating the final price of the six aircraft with the Airbus Military, the force is expected to have deployed these aircraft at the Panagarh air base in West Bengal in next five years. These aircraft would support the IAF to extend the range of its Su30MKI fighters operating from its bases in Tezpur and Chabua in Assam. This will reduce the burden on the Agra-based Ilyushin-78 mid-air refuelling aircraft squadron. The force plans to have six more of them and would initiate the process for that during the 13th Plan period. Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)MkI: The IAF will also be able to induct its indigenous fighter Light Combat Aircraft Tejas by next five years. The first two squadrons of the aircraft would be the MkI with GE-404 engines while the remaining five would be the Mk-IIs with more capable GE-414s and other capabilities.




HAL to showcase FGFA Bengaluru, February 5: The Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) will showcase its strengths in design, development and production at Aero-India 2013 to be held from February 6 to 10. According to R K Tyagi, Chairman, HAL said, “the other major attractions of the HAL pavilion would include in-house designs such as the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH), ‘Rudra’ the weaponised Advance Light Helicopter (ALH) and the Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT).” “For the first time, we will present to the world glimpses of the Prospective Multi-role Fighter (PMF) also known as the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA). This is under co-development with the Russians,” he added. ALHDhruv, LCH and Rudra (Mk 4 WSI) will be on flying display. Scale models

of the Light Utility Helicopter (LUH), Hawk, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) and Su-30 will also be on display. In addition, the Pilotless Target Aircraft (Lakshya), Shakti engine and modern accessories and avionics from various divisions of HAL are being showcased. The other specialities of the HAL pavilion would include 3D video mapping of the HTT-40, the Dornier glass cockpit and scale models of aerospace structures of the GSLV MkII, GSLV Mk III and PSLV. The Rotary Wing Corner will provide visitors, through simulation and visual display, a helicopter view of the technologies, the capabilities and competencies developed in the company. There will also be a holographic projection depicting the capabilities of the LCA, Hawk, LCH and LUH.

Insight into the future Known around the world for its powerful brands, Textron Systems leverages its global network of aircraft, defence and industrial products to provide India with innovative solutions and services. An exclusive interview with CEO Ellen Lord. lution for both tactical and non-military applications covering a variety of terrains and targets. This includes the MicroObserver UGS system, which is a next-generation solution that provides situational awareness for perimeter defence, force protection and border security.

What are the products which Textron Systems will be showcasing during Aero India 2013? There are several key products that we are pleased to discuss with Aero India attendees this year. Our new Shadow M2 Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (TUAS) is the next generation of our renowned Shadow 200 TUAS. The Shadow M2 builds on the overwhelming success of our Shadow 200 system with greater performance and multi-mission flexibility. We also will showcase our Aerosonde Small Unmanned Aircraft System at the show. It delivers efficient, expeditionary shipboard and land-based operations along with long endurance. Our Tactical Sensor Intelligence Sharing, or Tac-SIS, system allows users to seamlessly integrate live, full-motion video into the aircraft cockpit and ground control stations, enabling pilots and operators to view and relay real-time data. The Tac-SIS system is available in fully integrated, partially integrated and fully portable configurations to address the broad range of customer requirements. The Sensor Fuzed Weapon (SFW) is an air-delivered area weapon that provides a highly effective and reliable anti-vehicle weapon to the Indian Air Force. Based on extensive testing and use in combat by the U.S. Air Force, SFW is proven to leave less than one half a per cent unexploded ordnance, or UXO. SFW is one of the world's most effective weapons, without putting ground forces or civilians at risk after its use. Another weapon we will display is Spider, a man-in-the-loop, networked munition system that incorporates sensors, communications and munitions for small unit force protection. The Spider system is capable of controlling both lethal and non-lethal effects, and is designed to prevent harm to non-combatants while safeguarding warfighters. We also will showcase our family of Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS). These ground sensors are a scalable, effective so-

The MHA has shown an interest in AAI Unmanned Aircraft Systems' Shadow TUAS. Has there been any development on that front? Our Shadow TUAS is renowned, having amassed more than 800,000 flight hours supporting combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Shadow system is in use by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps, and also is the tactical UAS of choice for the Australian, Swedish and Italian armed forces. We have and continue to showcase the Shadow system to several Indian customers due to its multi-mission capability and proven reliability. Tell us more about the Aerosonde system in terms of possible usage by the Indian forces in the different types of terrain in India. As mentioned earlier, the Aerosonde Small Unmanned Aircraft System is ideally suited for both land-based and shipboard operations in spaced-constrained environments. In fact, the Aerosonde can be deployed in its shipboard configuration with no ship alterations, an affordable and space-saving solution for our customers. The Aerosonde aircraft's single electrooptic/infrared payload delivers day-andnight, persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, while its large payload size, weight and power can accommodate another payload of choice for multi-mission flexibility. It utilises AAI's one-piece Launch and Recovery Trailer and the Expeditionary Ground Control Station for expeditionary land-and seabased operations. Please tell us about other products that Textron Systems has to offer to India in the field of unmanned aircraft systems? We are well known for our Shadow and Aerosonde platforms. However, many people don't realise that Textron Systems has decades of experience providing unmanned command and control solutions. Our new Universal Ground Control Station (UGCS) is a great example. The UGCS is the next generation of our battle-proven One System Ground Control Station. It includes features for joint services interoperability, mission flexibility, scalability and ease of use, and can be used to provide command and control for multiple unmanned systems simultaneously. The LCAC programme could be of interest to India after getting platforms like the LPD (Landing Platform Dock)

for island utilisation and around Indian territories that are offshore from the mainland, like the Lakshadweep Islands and the Andaman and Nicobar. Has the new version, the Ship-to-Shore Connector, been of any interest to the Indian Navy? We have had inquiries from many international navies since being selected by the U.S. Navy in July 2012 to lead the Shipto-Shore Connector (SSC) programme. Textron Systems and its team mates are moving forward with detailed design work and construction of an initial SSC Test and Training Craft. The SSC will replace the Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC), offering a modernised means for conducting amphibious operations for the next 30 years. Like LCACs that have proven invaluable in times of disasters, including tsunami and hurricane relief operations, the new SSC will launch from inside the well deck of an amphibious ship. The primary differences between the legacy LCAC and

enhancements, making them fast and highly manoeuverable in a wide range of environments. In addition to being able to accommodate nearly any available remote weapons station, they also feature a digital backbone for vehicle systems monitoring and future electronic expansion. The Canadian forces saw the value of this unique package of features and benefits and in 2012 selected COMMANDO Elite for its Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle (TAPV) programme. What has been the response of the Indian Navy to the CUSV programme? At this point, we have provided the Indian Navy with background on the development and increasing maturity of our Common Unmanned Surface Vessel (CUSV). CUSV is a multi-mission capable vehicle. While we are initially focussed on providing a reliable and effective mine countermeasure capability, we've also shown CUSV's ability to execute anti-sub-

Aero India 2013 arrives during an exciting time for Textron Systems, as we are uniquely positioned to support the Indian government and its armed forces. We look forward to speaking with many organisations to determine how we can meet India’s current and emerging requirements. the next generation SSC will be a larger, more efficient engine that delivers greater power, the use of composites rather than metal for some components, and enhancements that improve both reliability and maintainability. The Tac-SIS system has achieved major milestones. What are the chances of its being offered to India? The Tac-SIS system is the cornerstone of Textron Systems' manned/unmanned teaming technology. We see many possible applications in India. The Tac-SIS system is an integrated aerial situational awareness solution, available in partially integrated mobile unit or fully integrated cockpit configurations. It provides seamless integration of live, full-motion video into the aircraft cockpit, allowing users to view and relay real-time data to other air and ground platforms. The MHA has had a number of problems encountering mines and IEDs. Has the MHA been offered Textron Systems' Tactical Armored Patrol Vehicle (TAPV)? Given the situation described, we believe Textron Systems' COMMANDOTM Elite line of armoured vehicles would be an ideal solution for the MHA. Our most highly-protected and capable vehicles, the COMMANDO Elite provides MRAP-level 2 mine-blast protection. These vehicles come equipped with our latest drive train

marine and anti-surface warfare; communications relay; intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance; and launch/recovery missions for unmanned aircraft and unmanned underwater systems. What are the partnerships with Indian industry that you are looking forward to forging? We are actively seeking and exploring industry partnerships in India, and believe that these bring great opportunities for all parties to grow their capabilities successfully. What is the status of the $257M Order to Supply Sensor Fuzed Weapons to Indian Air Force? The SFW foreign military sale programme with India was awarded in November 2010. We are under contract to provide a total of 512 SFW systems, to include integration on the Indian Jaguar aircraft. Textron Systems has completed production on the SFW systems and the integration programme is ongoing. What can Textron Systems offer to India with regard to acquisition of defence related technologies to accelerate indigenisation? Textron Systems understands that indigenisation is a priority for India, and we will identify ways to be successful in that environment.




There is potential for a large footprint M W Mogale, Acting South African High Commissioner, on the partnership between South Africa and India, often described as a partnership for all seasons A few words on Aero India and your country's participation in the event. Although there is no major participation at the biennial air show at Yelahanka Air Force Station this year, the South African Defence Industry is committed to India. The aviation industry can offer a wide range of products and solutions that are right for the Indian conditions. South Africa has defined not only India but the whole of Asia as a market area, with a potential to be larger than her other world markets and is foreseeing a large footprint at future aerospace exhibitions such as Aero India. Current planning is that the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans (Minister N Mapisa-Nqakula) and/or the Secretary of Defence (Dr S. M. Gulube) will attend Aero India 2013 from South Africa in their respective official capacities. Both received official invitations from the Indian government and are in a process to finalise their dairies as the opening of the South African Parliament also takes place over the same period. Your country's long and fruitful partnership with IndIa is well known. How do we further deepen this relationship in the field of defence and aviation? South Africa has occupied a special place in the national ethos of India, with the link between its own independence and


both countries' dependence on the major defence industries of the world. Defence industrial cooperation between the respective governments and the defence related industries of both countries takes place in the form of direct sales, joint research and development and joint ventures and the relationship is slowly evolving towards being one of more than buyer and seller to become a more collaborative relationship.

Avionics from South Africa at this point in time will include supplying Flight Recorders, Health and Monitoring Systems (HUMS) and spares for the Indian Air Force (IAF)

objectives of their diplomatic relations on various issues of common interest. India and South Africa are seen to be natural partners, and in some speeches, are constantly being referred to as 'friends for all seasons'. The long and fruitful partnership between India and South Africa is resulting in Defence Industrial Cooperation where both countries utilise the similarities of capabilities in this regard and realise that future cooperation should focus on coproduction and joint ventures to reduce

Would it be right to say that our relationship is no more one of buyer and seller, but a more collaborative relationship? Avionics from South Africa at this point in time will include supplying Flight Recorders, Health and Monitoring Systems (HMS) and spares for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the transfer of technology for the support of these systems. More discussions on other ventures are underway between the South African Defence Industry (SADRI) and the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

South African Minister of Defence and Military Veterans N Mapisa-Nqakula A major part of the success in the current relationship is also dependent on progress with the relatively newly established IBSAJDIWG (India Brazil South Africa Joint Defence Industry Work group) whose mandate it is to promote cooperation between the defence industries of the three countries. Finally, would you be visiting the air show? If my diary permits, I will surely be visiting the air show. .

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the struggle for equality and justice that started many years ago. The end of 'apartheid' has ushered a new phase in the relationship between the two countries at the state level — from one of conflict of interest and confrontation to one of mutuality of interest and cooperation. Everyone agreed that there is a dire need for both countries to take advantage of all these aspects of their friendship and translate them into action in order to realise the


AH-1Z “Zulu” is the most flexible, most effective multi-mission attack helicopter in the world. A fully integrated flight deck provides an unequaled targeting system and digital data link capability while reducing pilot workload. Ready and capable in austere environments, Zulu is highly survivable and combat proven. All while offering a low acquisition price and life cycle costs.




Robert Kokorda

Vice President - Sales & Marketing, Sikorsky

India’s growing economy will need helicopters to address demand from defence, as India looks to replace its aging inventory.Sikorsky has solutions to meet the emerging requirements of Indian military and would be happy to offer the latest technology. Sikorsky is also known for providing robust aftermarket support to its fleet worldwide and we would be providing similar support to the Sikorsky helicopters that are bought by India.

Niklas Nieminen

Managing Director, Saab India Technologies Pvt Ltd.

We are looking forward to Aero India as an opportunity to start off multiple conversations with Indian defence forces, homeland security forces, defence research establishments, defence public sector units and defence industry. Aero India has always been an exciting place for some very interesting discussions to get rolling and for us to showcase successful or top of the line, state of the art products. Aero India offers the opportunity to make our products and offers better known to the Indian customer and to meet key stakeholders. We believe that the more the Indian stakeholders get to see and understand the technologies showcased by Saab more will be the appreciation of Saab offerings and Swedish technologies. We expect occasions such as these to help open more windows of opportunities for us in India. Aero India is always a big event for Saab given the size, scale and levels of interest that Saab draws at the show. This time around, a 70-member team is going to be present and all Saab business areas are participating in the exhibition; Aeronautics, Dynamics, Electronic Defence Systems and Security & Defence Solutions and Support & Services. Saab CEO HakanBuskhe will also be present during the show, underscoring the importance that we place on the market. All the business leaders and the highest levels of business leadership are present at Aero India. We see the Aero India an opportunity to meet up with all key stakeholders. We also see the event to be an opportunity to connect with Indian industry as well.

Bernhard Gerwert CEO, Cassidian

India plays a strategic role for us and continues to be the main focus in Asia. In addition to further increasing our industrial footprint in India, we also plan to tap considerable growth potential in the wider region.



India is one of the top markets for Boeing Dennis D. Swanson is Vice President, International Business Development for India at Boeing Defence, Space and Security. He is responsible for growing and repositioning Boeing's defence, space and security business in one of Boeing's top three markets. In this interview, Swanson discusses what Boeing's top priorities are for India and how important it is to strengthen relationships with the country. How does India stack up for Boeing with respect to its international presence? India is one of the top three countries for Boeing internationally in terms of market potential as well as the ability to harness the talent, innovation and aerospace capabilities that exist in the country. Boeing has steadily increased its presence in India over the last 70 years in both commercial and defence markets to bring the best of Boeing to India and the best of India to Boeing. India is a key market for Boeing and we will continue to invest in the country for the long term. As we have articulated in the past, I believe our key to success will be to offer the right solutions to our customers and partner with them and with industry for mutual success. Boeing has recently won several defence deals in India. What would you attribute Boeing's recent wins to? While our engagement on the defence side is relatively recent, we have been fortunate to be selected by the Indian Navy to provide P-8I maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine aircraft. We were also chosed to provide Harpoon missiles, and selected by the Indian Air Force for the C-17 strategic and tactical airlifter and Boeing business jets. This has happened as a result of India's defence modernisation effort, Boeing's renewed focus on international markets, and closer relations between India and the United States. What is Boeing's long term strategy for India? Our long term business strategy is to work closely with our customers on their defence and security requirements, execute flawlessly on our current campaigns, and deepen Boeing's presence in the country through long term and strategy partnerships. Can you elaborate on the progress made with your defence programmes in India and future opportunities? We signed a contract with the Indian Navy in 2009 for eight P-8Is. The P-8I programme is on schedule and we delivered the first aircraft on schedule in December 2012. We are progressing as promised and will deliver the remaining seven aircraft in 2013 and 2014 as called for by the contract. The C-17 programme met a major milestone in January 2012 when the first aircraft for India had a successful first flight. The Indian and U.S. governments signed a contract for that programme in June 2011. The first aircraft will be delivered in the summer of 2013 and the subsequent nine will be delivered by 2014. I am confident that the Indian Air Force will be pleased with the unique capabilities of the C-17 that makes it ideal for India's demanding airlift requirements. Boeing's AH-64D Apache Block III is the most sophisticated attack helicopter in production today and used by the U.S. Army. The IAF will receive the latest version of the AH-64D Apache Block III which has 26 new technology insertions that make it a lethal platform for the next generation Indian warfighter. On the CH-47 Chinook helicopter, since its introduction to the world just

more than 50 years ago, the Chinook has been universally been acknowledged as the platform of choice for vertical-lift assault, troop movement, logistics support, aerial battlefield recovery and special operations in peace and conflict. The Indian Air Force will benefit from the Chinook's multi-mission heavy lift capabilities and its evolving platform, both of which make it relevant well into the future.. Going forward, we see opportunities in the areas of rotorcraft platforms such as V-22 Osprey, unmanned airborne systems like the ScanEagle and Integrator, security solutions and network-centric operations systems. We see opportunities in support and training as a significant growth area for India, and we can help our customers achieve maximum operational readiness of the products we are selling now and into the future. Can you elaborate on Boeing's efforts to partner with Indian suppliers to help strengthen India's aerospace sector? Boeing has developed important relationships with Indian suppliers and is actively pursuing technical and business partnerships with local companies and institutions. Several of these suppliers are contributing to components that are integrated on Boeing platforms. These in-

clude the F/A-18 gun bay doors, F/A-18 wire harnesses, P-8I weapons bay doors, P-8I tailcones, and P-8I Identification Friend or Foe transponders by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and data link boxes, Identification Friend or Foe interrogator systems and F/A-18 cockpits by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL). In addition to defence public sector undertakings, private industry companies play a large role in Boeing's industrial strategy. Dynamatic Technologies and Tata Advanced Materials Limited (TAML) are delivering P-8I power and mission equipment cabinets, and TAML is on contract to provide P-8I auxiliary power unit door fairings. Boeing will continue making investments in the industry and competing aggressively for aerospace work. Becoming part of the global supply chain is the healthy measure of a growing aerospace sector which will benefit India in the long term. With offsets, we have come a long way in India. Significant changes in India's offset policy have been made by the Ministry of defence since 2006 and the policy continues to evolve. We continue to engage with our customers and industry partners on optimal offset solutions that offer India the right technological capability for a strengthened aerospace industry.

aero india 2013



Preparedness of Indian Industry to absorb technology Indian Offset Partners need to invest with care, keeping in mind the feasibility of exploiting technology in other product spectrums, that would provide for economy of scale.


he latest offset guidelines have introduced two distinct features viz technology and multipliers. It now remains to be seen how we can exploit these by reducing imports and developing an indigenous capability in the defence sector. There has been a significant spurt in the acquisitions of the Air Force and the Navy in recent years and 19 offset contracts worth $3.4 billion have already been signed. Moreover, a total of $30 billion worth of offset contracts are expected to be inked in the next 10 years. Though the desire to acquire and absorb latest technologies underlies offset programmes in most countries and there exists a sizeable opportunity to exploit the purchasing capacity of the nation to receive critical technologies, India would do well to learn from the problems it has faced from technology absorption in the past as part of the main contracts. Previous experience with India's acquisition have shown that even if technology, duly paid for by Government of India, has been successfully transferred, it is quickly outpaced by technological developments, leading to re-imports of superior or upgraded platforms. The present offset guidelines (DPP 2011) have allowed transfer of technology (ToT) to Indian private/DPSUs/DRDO for the manufacture and/or maintenance of eligible products and provision of eligible services. The ToT to the private sector is capped at 10 per cent of the associated 'Buy Back' while ToT to DRDO for nominated technologies carries multipliers of varying degrees. Cutting edge technology is generally not shared as part of offsets, however, what may be passed on is technology that is shortly about to be replaced by new developments. Even if such technology accompanied by certain amount of jigs and fixtures are received free of cost, considerable amount of time and capital investments is required by Indian Offset Partners (IOPs) for setting up manufacturing facilities. There exists the risk of the technology being already provided to sub-contractors in other countries, thus creating the risk of over-capacity once the offset programme is over. Thus, IOPs need to invest with care, keeping in mind the feasibility of exploiting technology in other product spectrums, which would provide for economy of scale. It is also necessary for IOPs to develop the ability to absorb technology and avoid

the pitfalls that certain public sector organisations have experienced in the past. It also needs to be ensured that the tacit process knowledge must be in place prior to the transfer of technology. At times technology receivers may underestimate the industrial/ human investment or domestic skills and competencies required for absorbing new technologies and may not have budgeted for the same, leading to a delay in absorption. Further, an IOP will require not only the ability to use the technology, but also to keep pace with the technology absorbed as the acquired technology is bound to perish in three-four years. One of the considerations here is the capacity of ancillary industries to serve as lower-tier suppliers of parts or services. The question whether a transferred technology can be supported by

Acquisition Programmes Offset

Benefitting from offsets: (Clockwise from top left) VVIP Chopper AW101, Jaguar, C130J Hercules and MiG-29. suppliers within the country, has a potentially large impact on the competitiveness of production, given the potentially higher costs of relying on parts from abroad as well as the greater lead times involved. Secondly, a company's internal R&D capacity determines the extent of technology exploitation. For technology transfer to be successful, an IOP needs to have a strong R&D base where both internal R&D and technology transferred must coexist. It may be pointed out here that the DPP 11 says that the "vendor may allow his Tier1 sub-vendors under the main procurement contract to discharge offset obligations, to

Foreign Companies

the extent of their work share (by value) on behalf of the main/prime vendor. However, overall responsibility and liability for the full discharge of offset obligations shall continue to remain with the main/prime vendor". It may be prudent to bear in mind that presently there exists a wide technology gap between IOPs in India and the OEMs/Tier -1 and, therefore, it is much easier and practical for the IOPs to develop alliances with Tier-3 or select Tier-2 suppliers. Therefore, it is recommended "only OEM/Tier-1 restrictions" be removed and market forces be allowed to form alliances at appropriate levels. The objectives of the offset policy do not get affected as long as the products and services are being exported.

Contract Value (` In crore)

— Rajiv Chib

Contract ( ` In crore)











Rosoboron Export, Russia



C-130 J Aircraft (2009)

Lockheed Martin, USA



EO/ IR Pods - Jaguar upgrade (2009)

RAFAEL, France



Fourth Fleet Tanker - under option clause (2009)

Fincantieri, Italy



Low Level Transportable Radar (LLTR) (2009)

M/s Thales, France



VVIP Helicopters (2010)

M/s Agusta Westland UK









Medium Power Radar


Upgrade of MiG-29 aircraft for IAF (2008)

ROE, Russia

Fourth Fleet Tanker (2008)

Fincantieri, Italy

Long Range Maritime Recce Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft (2009)

Boeing, USA

HAROP Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) (2009)

IAI, Israel

Medium Lift Helicopters (2008)

Toatal Source: Journal Vol. 6 No. 2, SUMMER 2011 (April-June)


aero india 2013 The UH-1Y and the AH-1Z are capable attack and utility helicopters. They represent effective and efficient means of accomplishing a wide array of missions around the globe.

sa strong pre e v a h l il w r e Bell Helicopte dia 2013 as we continu In ence at Aero otprint and expand its n fo to grow our e growing Indian aviatio n th tio business in e demonstra b l il w re e h T . marketplace ell 429 and 407AH. Both B flights in the o be on static display. ls d aircraft will a nd 407AH have generate a The Bell 429 interest throughout the of tion tours, a tr a great deal s n o m e d their ion world during suited to meet the miss lly and are idea ustomers in India. Addi- ls c e needs of our ill showcase scale mod w 2 tionally, they , UH-1Y, AH-1Z, and V-2 9 2 4 of the Bell r booth. Osprey in ou

geopolitics The V-22 Osprey is the world’s first production tiltrotor aircraft. Unlike any aircraft before it, the V-22 successfully blends the vertical flight capabilities of helicopters with the speed, range, altitude, and endurance of fixed wing transports.

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aero india 2013



Leveraging commercial solutions

for military

India's aerospace and defence industry will benefit from the synergies between commercial and military aerospace technologies


s India moves toward its goal of building an indigenous aerospace and defence industry, the country is looking for synergies between commercial and military aerospace technologies. At Rockwell Collins, we provide a good example of how this can be accomplished. The company has successfully leveraged commercial and military technology across our avionic systems for

nology to assist in aerial refueling, and the Signal Data Concentrator Network for fast information sharing. Our integration of synthetic vision into the Common Avionics Architecture Cockpit for helicopters is another example of the company's unique ability to leverage technology from its commercial business for its military customers. In this case, synthetic vision, a key feature offered on the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion flight deck in both head-up and head-down versions for business and regional aircraft, is now being applied to military helicopter cockpits. Last year, the Defence Advanced Re-

grades, network centric warfare, soldier modernisation, air transport, business aviation and security and defence markets in India. The company's strength in network enabled communications, advanced, integrated avionics and communications systems for military fixed and rotary wing aircraft, precision navigation and nose to tail systems for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) aligns well with India's needs. Examples of Rockwell Collins customers doing business in India include: Hindustan Aeronautical Limited's transport aircraft; Electronic Counter-Counter Measure equipment through the Electronics



PRAKASH NANDA Managing Editor

TIRTHANKAR GHOSH Consulting Editor


Rockwell Collins is pleased to participate again this year at Aero India. As a local provider with a growing employee base and investment in the country, we view this as an excellent opportunity to showcase our innovative avionics and communications solutions and continue to build trust with customers and partners.


dominic Biswas, trishit rai Chief Visualiser

AJAY NEGI Designers

mohit kansal, MODASSAR NEHAL, NAGENDRA DUBEY Design Consultant

ARTWORKS Photo Editor


many years. This has led to a balanced business that is made up of roughly half commercial and half government revenue. This balanced approach has enabled the company to navigate through challenging economic conditions and to prosper when times are good. Our balanced business model's success is exemplified in the KC-390 and KC46 tanker programmes. Rockwell Collins is providing the Pro Line Fusion commercial cockpit to Embraer's KC-390programme for the Brazilian Air Force. The flight deck features include 15-inch diagonal Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD), Integrated Flight Information Systems (IFIS) with electronic charts and enhanced maps, and advanced Flight Management Systems (FMS). These features contribute to a flight deck designed for operational efficiency, providing extensive situational awareness and ensuring that the pilot can make the right decisions at the right time. Rockwell Collins is also providing commercial technology in a military setting once again with its work on the US Air Force's KC-46 programme through prime contractor Boeing. We are providing four 15.1-inch diagonal LCDs built on technology from the Boeing 787 programme, increasing reliability and safety. Other solutions include the Tactical Situational Awareness System, which provides the crew with cues to both threats and friendly entities, the Remote Vision System, which uses both 3D and 2D tech-

search Projects Agency (DARPA) selected Rockwell Collins to develop the synthetic vision avionics backbone for next generation helicopter operations under the Multi-Function Radio Frequency (MFRF) programme. The DARPA MFRF contract calls for Rockwell Collins to develop a 3D synthetic vision-based imagery system that will be used with multifunction radar. Rockwell Collins will fuse radar data with terrain and obstacle data to produce an integrated 3D view of the operational environment. The practice of leveraging commercial technology for military applications has many benefits. A key benefit is that the technology provides military pilots with the same advanced situational awareness and reduced workload as their commercial brethren. Costs are also driven down because existing technology is reused for the military applications, often needing only minor modifications to meet mission requirements. Rockwell Collins sees ample opportunities to share this expertise with Indian companies and its Ministry of Defence, as we grow our presence in the country. As the tenth largest economy in world and with GDP forecasted to grow 8 per cent annually, India is a critical growth market for Rockwell Collins. Increasing air traffic and ongoing regional security threats are driving spending on programmes in both commercial and government sectors. Rockwell Collins sees significant business opportunities within the Defence Forces communications up-

Corporation of India Ltd.; original equipment manufacturers such as Boeing and Airbus, and numerous commercial airlines. In addition, Rockwell Collins has multiple ARC-210 and Talon radio systems on many newly acquired transport and helicopter platforms. Our company has shown a long-term commitment to the country establishing a design centre in Hyderabad in 2008 to augment the company's existing engineering capabilities. The India Design Centre (IDC) was created to help Rockwell Collins expand its global footprint, meet the needs of customers in this region, and increase access to high-quality engineering and design talent. This centre also enables Rockwell Collins' engineering teams to work collaboratively around the world and around the clock to develop innovative solutions. Rockwell Collins' IDC is dedicated to product development for global markets, with initial work focussed on the design of display applications for commercial and military customers and Flight Management Systems. The IDC currently has 500 employees with plans to grow to 600 this year. As a global technology company, Rockwell Collins looks forward to working hand-in-hand with our Indian partners to bring leading edge solutions to its aerospace and defence industries. —Thud Chee 'TC' Chan

Vice President and Managing Director, Rockwell Collins Asia Pacific Region

Staff Photographer

HEMANT RAWAT Director (Corporate Affairs)


Director (Marketing)


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aero india 2013


Northrop Grumman will display its capabilities in airborne early warning and control including the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. The E-2D Advanced Hawkeye programme has newly designed electronically scanned radar with a matching suite of sensors, avionics, processors, software and displays to provide the most technologically advanced command and control capability available worldwide.

E Hall d Stan 4 E1.1

Northrop Grumman Corporation will showcase it's range of capabilities in Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) including airborne early warning and control systems for maritime reconnaissance and unmanned aerial vehicles at Aero India 2013. They have strived to create solutions to meet India’s defence requirements and are excited to offer their core capabilities to further strengthen India’s naval, military and homeland security concerns.


The company's airborne surveillance capabilities are set to impress with the MQ-4C Triton unmanned aircraft. Triton is a maritime version of the combat-proven Global Hawk unmanned aircraft system. It can fly missions for 24 hours at altitudes more than 10 miles, allowing the system to cover vast areas of ocean and coastal regions.

The lighter-than-air Long Endurance Multi-intelligence Vehicle (LEMV) is a hybrid military airship developed by Northrop Grumman and Hybrid Air Vehicles for the United States Army which will provide Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) support for ground troops

The MiG-35 is classified as a 4++ generation jet fighter by Mikoyan. The first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as MiG-29M2 model demonstrator. The MiG-35 is now classed as a medium-weight aircraft because it's maximum takeoff weight has increased by 30 per cent, exceeding it's previous criteria of classification.

Since India’s independence, Russia has shared very close ties with India in terms of defence and strategic cooperation. In the post Soviet era, Russia has exhibited its willingness to share the advanced technologies with India. United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) has played an instrumental role in consolidating this role which is reflected in the more than 500 aircraft in operation with the Indian Air Foce (IAF). The Company is confident in the long-term success of India-Russia joint programmes to create together the most innovative products for India. UAC and its subsidiary companies like Sukhoi, MiG, Ilyushin, Irkut and Beriev will be featuring a range of products in military aviation starting from the Su-30MKI, MiG-35, Yak130 to the T-50 Fifth Generation , A Fighter Aircraft . LL

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Sukhoi T-50 is the prototype for PAK FA is being jointly developed by Russia and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

The Yakovlev Yak-130 is a subsonic two-seat advanced jet trainer/light attack aircraft or lead-in fighter trainer developed by Yakovlev. It can also perform light-attack and reconnaissance duties, carrying a combat load of 3,000 kgs.

aero india 2013



MICA has been ordered for the IAF’s Mirage upgrade. It is also a weapon system closely associated with the Rafale. Showcased on MBDA’s stand, this is the only missile in the world featuring two interoperable seekers (active radar and imaging infrared) to cover the spectrum from close-in dogfight to long beyond visual range. Its ability to fly out to BVR in passive mode before the seeker locks on in the final stages of the end game has earned it the sobriquet 'silent killer' as the target has little time to react or to deploy effective countermeasures.

C Hall d Stan 1 C2.1 At Aero India 2013, MBDA will demonstrate it's unique status as the only company with a product catalogue capable of meeting the guided weapons requirements of all three armed services: air, land and sea. With the Indian Air Force looking to enhance the operational capabilities of it's fleet of Jaguar and Mirage aircraft, combined with it's recent selection of the future MMRCA, Aero India offers MBDA the ideal opportunity to showcase it's extensive range of airto-air and air-to-ground guided weapon systems.

ASRAAM is being discussed as a potential weapon for the IAF’s Jaguar bomber fleet which is undergoing upgrades to extend the aircraft’s life through to the end of the decade. The Jaguar’s mission is as a bomber but it also needs an effective selfdefence capability.

The amphibian and aircraft components manufactured by ShinMaywa are a direct result of its seasoned technology and decades of extensive research and development. ShinMaywa is the prime manufacturer of the world's only amphibian aircraft capable of taking off and landing on water in the open sea. During the Aero India 2013, ShinMaywa will be showcasing their Passenger Boarding Bridges and the unique amphibian aircraft, US-2.

*Visitors are advised to verify the stall numbers before visiting the respective companies.

PARS 3 LR: India’s ALH Dhruv or 'Rudra', MBDA has sourced an Indian partner to develop a special twin launcher which will be displayed at the exhibition. MBDA has been working for some time already with HAL in equipping this helicopter with the MISTRAL ATAM self-defence air-to-air system.

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aero india 2013

entures and v t in jo in d e s ag Rafael is eng ith local Indian industrie w re partnerships dra, BDL and BEL and a in isuch as Mah arch to expand its activ e in constant s ntry, in cooperation with u ties in the co rder to better address o its the DRDO, in d requirements. One of n local needs a in the fact that Rafael's Is pe s strengths lie l Laboratory, with an exc a es rael's Nation le workforce that provid b attionally capa e innovative and comb th s the company ns that it offers to its cu o lproven soluti l, as a designer and deve e tomers. Rafa isciplinary, field-proven i-d oper of mutl ystems", is well-versed in s "systems-of- -scale integration and de e complex larg ilor-made solutions for f ta velopment o rotection programs, both s p it critical asset worldwide. Rafael offers n for Israel and sers, as well as its India u partners and e array of combat-provid partners, a w ducts, capitalizing on its m ro te en, unique p oth system and sub-sys b strengths at levels.

Spike Missile Family consists of precise tactical missiles for ranges of up to 25 km. The Spike Family missiles are multipurpose, multi-platform electro-optic systems featuring real-time data links. The Spike missiles can be used by infantry units as well as mounted on combat vehicles, attack helicopters and naval vessels. The system is combat-proven and is currently in operational use in more than 14 countries.

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Iron Dome is an affordable, effective and innovative defence solution (CR&AM Class) for the asymmetric threats of short-range rockets, (up to and over 70 km), and mortars, and also serves as a Very Short Range Air Defense (VSHORAD) Missile System (up to 10 km) against traditional Air Defence targets. Iron Dome is designed for quick detection, discrimination and interception of rockets & mortar threats with ranges of up to and over 70 km.

er): Rafael AdDavid's Sling (Stunn ms, in partnership vanced Defense Syste has developed Dawith Raytheon USA, ble and lethal soluvid’s Sling, an af forda e artillery rockets tion against long-rang ballistic missiles (LRAR), short-range iles (CM) and tradiss mi (SRBM), cruise reats. tional air defence th

plications (HV, MV, s Consisting of three ap situational awarenes LV), The Trophy is a n hard kill system that tio and active protec jor stages: Threat operates in three ma tracking followed by at detection and thre ure (Multiple Explohard kill countermeas rs – MEFP) activato tra sive Formed Pene lisation. tion and threat neutra

The new accurate , reliable and flexible RB NG VSHORAD sy S 70 with 24/7 all-targestem t capability has been developed for any co m situation. A new ge bat tion integrated sig nerasystem, enhancedhting ner aids, high prec gununbeatable range ision, unjammable laser and ance combine to guidproduce a ground-bas air-defence systemed world-leading capa with bilities

l tions to rea ra e p o g in p e ke From peace rios–Saab has been pro t a e combat scen ons designed to me ti viding solu from training to military , such needs d next-generation air 0 n weapons a ill showcase its RBS 7 w G craft, Saab D system, Gripen N A fNG VSHOR c Command-to-Line-O . ati and Autom ) in the Aero India show S Sight (ACLO

lay. It is the will be on disple fighter airel od m G N n multi-ro The Gripe the latest w generation, first of the ne operational service. Using extenan r g te in perform craft to en d reconis capable of technology it air-to-air, air-to-surface an weapons. st of te e g the la sive rang sions employin naissance mis


Hall A, Stand A2.6 & Outdoor OD17

The Bamse Autom Command-to-Line-atic (ACLOS) missile syOf-Sight one of few system stem is world today that has in the developed as a de s been ground-based air-ddicated efence missile system.


aero india 2013


Range, speed and flexibility Bell Helicopter is changing the way the world flies by building choppers with the kind of range, speed and flexibility that saves lives and helps in protecting the airspace. Bell Helicopter is committed to deliver those capabilities at a value that is truly exceptional and credible, says Rishi K Malhotra What are the products, which Bell Helicopter will be showcasing at Aero India 2013? Bell Helicopter will have a strong presence at Aero India 2013 as we continue to grow our footprint and expand our business in the growing Indian aviation marketplace. We will fly demonstration flights in the Bell 429 and 407AH. Both aircraft will also be on static display. The Bell 429 and 407AH have generated a great deal of interest throughout the world during their demonstration tours, and are ideally suited to meet the mission needs of our customers in India. Additionally, we will showcase scale models of the Bell 429, UH-1Y, AH-1Z, and V-22 Osprey in our booth. We are excited to be a part of Aero India and highlight the commitments and investment we are making to position ourselves to serve this important market. Bell Helicopter has several innovations to its name like the tilt-rotor chopper. What are the future projects that you are working on? Bell Helicopter has a range of products that offer a great fit for India’s requirements. The Bell 407GX and 407AH (armed variant) are made to operate in rugged conditions at high altitude; the Bell 407 has landed at the density altitude 23,000 ft. in the India Himalayas region. The AH-1Z and UH-1Y offer unmatched reliability and hot and high performance in India’s diverse geography and climate. Given India’s vast land mass, large coastal lines and unique operational needs, the V-22 Osprey offers exceptional multi-mission capabilities for border protection and special mission operations. The Bell 429 is truly tailor made for India. This new light twin is already very popular with corporate as well as charter companies because of the cabin comfort, low noise and fast cruise speed. When India’s Gagan project is commissioned later this year, Bell 429 pilots will be able to fly in low visibility conditions with utmost safety with the help of the Bell 429’s LPV capability (hands off instrument approach capability). In 2012, Bell Helicopter unveiled the 525 Relentless which defines new “Super Medium” product class, positioned at the upper end of the Medium Class market, providing game-changing capabilities. We are making steady progress toward a first flight in 2014 followed by an aggressive schedule for flight testing, certification and production. The 525 Relentless boasts: –

Best‐in‐class payload range capability to meet our customers future needs; – Best‐in‐class cabin and cargo volumes coupled with flexible cabin layout options;

– Best‐in‐class crew visibility from wrap around windscreens providing a wide field of view during takeoff, cruise and landing; – Featuring the ARC Horizon flight deck system; – Unparalleled crew situational awareness through the use of a fully integrated glass flight deck coupled with an advanced fly‐by‐wire flight control system resulting in enhanced safety levels and mission capabilities. There was talk that India has expressed interest in the V-22 Osprey. If true, then how far along have the negotiations developed? Indian officials have received briefings and operational and instructional (O&I) flights in the V-22. We believe the officials have come away from those briefings and flights impressed by the capabilities of the aircraft and we look forward to continued discussions. One of the major problems for helicopter aviation in India is the dearth of pilots. What are you doing to improve the situation? Are you planning chopper training academies like the ones you have in China?

recurrent training. However, with the projected rapid growth of these types in India, we are looking at different options for a training facility in India.

You are the market leader in India with a vast majority of civilian choppers of the Bell make. But companies like Eurocopter and Agusta Westland are now extremely aggresRishi K. Malhotra sive. What are you doing General Manager-India, Bell Helicopter to maintain your lead? India is a very competitive market, but the competition is not much Sikorsky manufactures airframe comdifferent here than in any other part of the ponents in India in partnerships with world. Aside from HAL, we compete against companies like TATA. Do you have the same companies around the globe. It plans for any such partnerships where comes down the products and services we made in India products will contribute offer and how we meet the customer’s mis- to the global supply chain? sion, which differentiates us from our com- Bell Helicopter and Dynamatic Technolopetitors. gies Limited of Bengaluru recently entered an agreement to explore establishing DTL You have a major service facility in Sin- as a second source for cabin assembly, airgapore. Are you planning anything of frame components, and details for the Bell the sort in India? 407. This agreement is an important step Bell Helicopter has made some significant forward as we continue to grow our presence in India and we will continue to evaluate a range of additional business relationships in India.

Today we have opened new offices in New Delhi, Bengaluru and Mumbai and have grown to more than 100 employees. Part of our global strategy is to look at joint Bell and Cessna facilities to leverage capital and resources as we did in Singapore. We are continuing to assess the whether a joint MRO makes sense in India. A large number of highly experienced Indian defense pilots are available for the commercial market to meet current demand. HAL has also set up a helicopter training academy in Bengaluru for ab-initio training and has the capability to meet current industry requirements. We recognise the need for type training and recurrent training for various Bell models in India and we are assessing the right model to address this need. Currently HATSOFF, an HALCAE joint venture facility in Bangalore, is adequately equipped with a state of the art Level D full flight simulator for the Bell 412 to meet expected demand requirements. For Bell Helicopter’s light single and light twin products, customer pilots are regularly coming to our Customer Training Academy in Fort Worth, Texas for initial as well as

many Textron business units. Bell Helicopter has over 125 engineers with varying expertise including design, analysis, modelling, simulation, systems engineering, mechanical engineering, manufacturing engineering, sourcing and quality assurance. This crossfunctional team supports all Bell production models, research and new product development.

investments in our Indian footprint over the last few years. We started operations in India back in 1995 with a small liaison office in New Delhi. Today we have opened new offices in New Delhi, Bangalore and Mumbai and have grown to more than 100 employees. Part of our global strategy is to look at joint Bell and Cessna facilities to leverage capital and resources as we did in Singapore. We are continuing to assess the whether a joint MRO makes sense in India. Tell us about the global technology centre in Bengaluru. How does it support Bell worldwide? The technology center located in Bengaluru called Textron India Pvt. Ltd. is a shared Textron facility that provides high-tech engineering and technological solutions for

Tell us about your relationship with Bengaluru based Dynamatic technologies. We recently entered an agreement to explore establishing DTL as a second source for cabin assembly, airframe components, and details for the Bell 407. Work with DTL will begin early this year for price and delivery schedules, including procurement. The estimated business volume of the work proposed is approximately $243 million over a ten year period. This agreement provides Bell flexibility and a cost effective second source. This helps us build manufacturing capacity to support growing demand for our commercial helicopters and the introduction of the Bell 525 Relentless. What are your plans for other partnerships in India? India’s military helicopter requirements over the next ten years are tremendous. We see significant opportunities to enter the military space and these programmes will generate a large offset obligation. Bell Helicopter continues to assess potential manufacturing partnerships to assist in meeting these offset requirements and become potential suppliers for growing Asia Pacific and global demand for our products.


aero india 2013

geopolitics Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and increase its industrial presence in India.

We are a major player in India Finmeccanica is looking to consolidate its business operations in India Finmeccanica has been a major player in the Indian defence market for over four decades, having a presence in the radars and communication, helicopters and naval systems projects. Where do you see the company going in the next five years from now, particularly in the aviation — both civil and military - sector? Indian aeronautics sector offers interesting prospects for Finmeccanica, both in short and medium terms. Alenia Aermacchi is proposing the C-27J, its tactical transport aircraft that can perform a variety of missions including the transport of troops, goods and medicines, MEDEVAC, air-drop operations, paratrooper launches, search and rescue, logistic re-supply, humanitarian assistance, fire-fighting and support to homeland security systems. Another area of excellence for Finmeccanica is the fleet of ATR regional aircraft, a product of the joint venture between Alenia Aermacchi and EADS — very successful in recent years throughout the world, including within the Indian region where about 100 of such aircrafts are in service with the main Indian national airlines. Special versions of the turboprop specifically developed by Alenia Aermacchi, the ATR 42 and 72 MP (for Maritime Patrol) are tailored to meet India's key current and future defence and surveillance requirements, especially for the Indian Coast Guard and its need of a new mediumrange aircraft for maritime patrol. The aircraft offers extremely low operational costs for all maritime patrol roles. Regarding helicopters, AgustaWestland has been present in India since 1970 and, during that time, has been delivering successful helicopters for both military and commercial markets. The company has also established a joint venture with Tata Sons to

AW 101

set up a final assembly line in India for the AW119 model. After the recent contract to supply 12 AW101 to the Air Force for Government transport duties, looking at

accusations in connection with the 12 VIP helicopters deal of your subsidiary AgustaWestland signed with India. How has this affected your

To answer requirements of military ISR, Selex ES is offering its flagship Airborne Tactical Observation and Surveillance (ATOS) mission management system for the Kamov-28 upgrade programme. the present and future needs of the Indian Armed Forces, AgustaWestland can provide top class helicopters such as the AW119, AW109 LUH, AW139, NH90 and AW101 for light, combat, multi-role operations, search and rescue and naval operations. In particular, the NH90 and the AW119 are the two main platforms that AgustaWestland is proposing for Indian strategic programmes. Furthermore, AgustaWestland's civil product range is increasingly making inroads into the commercial Indian market, with orders being placed for over 50 aircraft including AW119, AW109 Power, Grand New light twin-engine and AW139 helicopters, and with important business prospects in the next few years. India offers many important business opportunities also in other strategic sectors for Finmeccanica Group, such as: Black Shark heavy-weight torpedoes for submarines; Combat Management System (CMS), radars and naval guns for the new surface naval units; Battlefield Management System (BMS), Future Soldier, Light Tanks and ammunitions for the Army. You have been hit by legal issues in Italy in the recent months, leading to

operations and your growth plans in India? Firstly both AgustaWestland and Finmeccanica deny the allegations of wrongdoing and has fully complied with both Indian and European laws and those regulations applicable to doing business with the Indian Ministry of Defence. Whilst these false allegations are unhelpful they have not distracted us from pursuing the many business opportunities we have in India. How is the delivery of the VIP helicopters to the Indian Air Force shaping up? Do you see the possibility of bagging the maintenance and servicing contract beyond the stipulated period under the existing contract? The first batch of three helicopters were delivered to India at the end of December, slightly ahead of schedule, so we are very pleased with the progress AgustaWestland has made on the programme. The remaining nine AW101s will be delivered in batches this year. The original contract includes an extensive five year logistic support service as well as initial aircrew and technician training, so we are already providing support for the helicopters. In the future we believe AgustaWestland will be well placed to continue this comprehensive support service so that the AW101 fleet is able to achieve the Indian Air Force's required levels of flying. What are your plans for further strengthen your market share in the sectors that you operate in India? Selex ES has recently opened a fully owned subsidiary, and has an overall presence in country that dates back to 40 years ago. We are very keen to work with local industries to continue to grow our industrial presence but also select projects that can truly allow a transfer of technology. In March 2012 Indian Rotorcraft Limited, a joint venture between AgustaWestland and Tata Sons, began construction on a new helicopter production facility in Hyderabad marking a new development in the Indian aerospace industry. The Group, which today has around 200 employees in the country, intends to consolidate its position in the Indian market, facilitate government-to-government agreements (especially in aeronautics, electronics and defence systems) explore opportunities for collaboration with the

What are the capabilities that you will be showcasing during Aero India 2013? Selex ES is an international leader in electronic and information technologies for defence systems, aerospace, data, infrastructures, land security and protection and sustainable 'smart' solutions. Selex ES provides C4ISTAR systems, integrated products and solutions for airborne, land and naval applications delivering mission critical systems for situational awareness, self-protection and surveillance. Selex ES builds on 40 years of heritage in India, where it has fielded ACT/ATM systems for military applications such as Precision Approach Radars (PAR) and 'turn-key' systems for the new Bengaluru and Hyderabad airports. In the naval domain, Selex ES's Combat Management Systems are integrated on frigates while its 3D L-Band Air Surveillance Radar will be installed on-board the new aircraft carrier being constructed at Cochin Shipyard. In the airborne sector, Selex ES has supplied avionics, communication (HF, V/UHF) and EW systems for different platforms and last year signed a 20 year support and upgrade contract with the Indian Navy for their Centre for Avionics Repair and Software Development (CARES). In the avionics field, Selex ES supplies communication (HF, V/UHF) and navigation systems (Doppler GPS), and aims to become a leading player for new generation IFF identification systems and mission support systems in area such as Obstacle Avoidance. Selex ES has also been operating its Mirach 100/5 at the national Integrated Test Range since 2007 and is poised to develop further opportunities. To answer requirements of military ISR, Selex ES is offering its flagship Airborne Tactical Observation and Surveillance (ATOS) mission management system for the Kamov-28 upgrade programme. India also offers unique opportunities for Selex ES's airborne AESA technology, and the company is currently fielding its first AESA solution developed with a local partner. In the land domain, Selex ES designs and develops full situational awareness and force protection systems integrating its Electronic Warfare equipment and its wide range of EO solutions for land platforms and dismounted infantry. In the secure communications domain, the company is involved in some of India's biggest tactical communications programmes: TCS (Tactical Communications Systems), BMS (Battlefield Management System) and Future Indian Soldier. Selex ES can also provide India with licence-plate reading systems, biometric sensors, mobile checkpoints, video surveillance and other technology for police-forces. In the helicopter sector, AgustaWestland has been present in India since 1970 and, during that time, has successfully delivered helicopters for both military and commercial markets. Looking at the Indian Armed Forces needs, AgustaWestland is able to meet the requirements for both land and sea missions, proposing models such as the AW119, AW109 LUH, AW139, NH90 and AW101. Could the IAF Avro Replacement programme to be an interesting opportunity for Alenia Aermacchi products? Only the Alenia Aermacchi C- 27J and the Airbus Military C.295 are realistic contenders for the tender to replace the old Avro aircraft in the Indian Air Force. The two aircraft, also if generally considered comparable, are not. Actually they belong to two different categories: with its outstanding rate of climb, high G maneuverability and inherent rugged design, the C-27J has been designed to operate from any type of unpaved strip, including sand, gravel and grass. So operating in the mountains, in the Western desert or be deployed in the East to cope with Civil Protection support missions, would be no problem for the aircraft. The Spanish aircraft, is maybe cheaper, but the C-27J is safer to operate and has one evident advantage: the fact that is equipped with the same engines — the Rolls Royce AE2100-D2A, assuring a 4,650 shp — and similar avionics of the C-130 already in IAF service and have its loading system perfectly compatible with the one of the C-130 and C-17 with heavy savings in terms of economics and training and in interoperabilty.

aero india 2013



MC-21 for

Aero India

United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is the backbone of the aviation business in Russia with a core objective to maintain and enhance the scientific and production potential of the Russian aircraft industry. UAC has to providenot just cutting edge aviation technology for the security and defence capabilities of Russia but also provides its growing product list to various countries around the globe. It is also increasingly pooling its intellectual, industrial and financial resources for new development programmes. by when is the project like to be completed? The MTA project progress in full compliance with the schedule. Recently our team has brought another stage to an end — a group of Indian experts completed additional education and was certified for work according to Russian standards. The work was launched in December 2012. Indian engineers with stay in Moscow about 10 months.

What are the capabilities that you will be showcasing during Aero India 2013? UAC and its subsidiary companies Sukhoi, MiG, Ilyushin, Irkut and Beriev will be featuring the following products: in military aviation: Su-30MKI, MiG-35, Yak-130 and T-50 (fifth generation); in civil aviation: MC-21 and SSJ 100 and in transport and special aviation: IL76MD90A and Be-200 aircraft.

project? When do you expect it to be done and what are the matters involved?

Now that the FGFA design agreement is in place, have UAC and HAL decided on the work share of the

How is the Indo-Russian joint MTA project progressing? What are the timelines for the PDP and DDP, and

R&D agreement has not been signed yet, though we are at the homestretch. We have almost completed second stage of our work — front-end design, there are only some details left. The process is in full swing — we are preparing the R&D agreement.

Is there a figure on the Russian and Indian requirements for the FGFA and MTA as yet? If yes, what are these figures? If no, why not yet? According to the inter-governmental agreement signed by Russia and India, the Parties will purchase 100 FGFA and 45 MTA respectively. The FGFA program is currently at the initial stage of its development — that is why the figure might be higher or lower, though we suppose both countries will buy not less than 200 aircraft each. The Su-30MK shoes the growth of the demand along with the development of the programme. In 1996 the agreement for delivery of 50 Su-30K and Su-30MK was signed. In 2000 the agreement for licensed production of another 140 Su30MK in India was signed. In 2010 the


agreement signed for additional delivery of 42 aircraft. Finally, on December 24, 2012 India ordered another 42 kits of Su-30MKI. The agreement increased the order to over 270 aircraft. What has been the progress made on delivery of the fleet of MiG-29K planes for the Indian Navy? How is the next set of orders for these planes for the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier shaping up? Main part of Indian Navy Air Force also consists of Russian aircraft. Contract for 16 naval fighters MiG-29K signed in 2004 was fulfilled completely. Currently option for another 29 MiG-29K is being implemented. Analysis of Indian carrier programmes shows that Indian Navy requirement for carrier-based fighters will amount to more than 60. Thatmeansa possible orderfor more MiG-29Ks. Though the final decision is to be taken later. Do you see the prospects for the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force requirements for amphibious airplanes? Be-200 is currently participating in a number of tenders in India and we hope that our Indian colleagues will judge the aircraft on its merits.

Flying High: MC-21 is expected to compete in the international market with A320NEO, Boeing 737MAX and Chinese Comac C919.

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aero india 2013


There was much opposition to the Indian Army's efforts to create a dedicated air wing of its own, with the Air Force raising the hackles, but the writ of the Army has prevailed.

Army Aviation to soar to greater heights I

ndia's Army Aviation Corps (AAC) is all set to soar to greater heights, what with a series of inductions and enhancement of capabilities in the combat, observation and lift roles envisaged for the force over the next decade. The AAC, with the largest chopper fleet among the three Indian armed forces, will soon add teeth, as its requirement for owning armed helicopters found favour with the government on October 12, 2012 when it was decided to vest all future armed helicopters acquisitions with the Army. This is a significant step in the evolution of the 26-year-old AAC that came into existence in 1986, walking out of the shadows of the Indian Air Force (IAF) that dominates the military aviation scene in India. After much tug-of-war with the IAF since inception on what aviation assets it should own, the turf war has now been settled once and for all, despite the IAF's continued protestations. This settlement of a long-festering dispute between the two services, though they actually need to bring together their assets in the battlefield if the Indian armed forces want to defeat their enemies comprehensively, has come with much acrimony. The idea of the AAC, with both logistics and armed fleet, itself germinated way back in 1963. It was then Indian Army chief General J N Chaudhary, who projected the need for air assets to perform the Army's land warfare roles. He wanted the government to consider providing the Indian Army its own fleet of light, medium and heavy helicopters, including armed and attack elements, considering that fire power and mobility of the ground troops will not be effective if it does not have an integral air cover and support. Since that proposal was taken up for consideration, the government mulled over the issue for the next 23 years before the Army was conceded its demand to have a separate air wing. Thus was formed the AAC in 1986, with the Army finally shedding its dependence on the IAF for certain aviation duties, particularly those in the high altitude areas. But what was given to the Army then was not even close to what was conceived in 1963. It took another 26 years for the government to finally grant the Army's demand for armed and attack helicopters in October 2012, when the government issued orders to vest the AAC with all attack helicopter acquired in the future. By this decision, India has only tread down the road that other world armies such as the US and the British have gone in the past while deciding similar rifts their armies have had with their respective air forces. This victory for the AAC was won

hard, much after an intervention from National Security Adviser Shivshankar Menon, who advised Defence Minister A K Antony in this regard after consultations with both Army Chief General Bikram Singh and IAF chief Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne. "Yes, the decision to vest the future inductions of attack helicopters with the Army has been taken keeping in view the operational requirements in the field," Antony had told Indian parliament in December 2012, confirming the October 12, 2012 decision. Why does the Indian Army need armed or attack helicopters at all, when IAF does this job for them? IAF chiefs, including Browne have argued that the country could not afford to have 'little air forces' with every armed force in the country. He also contended that if coast guard wanted a submarine, which is a navy asset, will that be allowed? Though the IAF had offered to the Army to have its own attack helicopters about three years ago, the Army had then baulked at the opportunity. But later, the IAF changed track and has been against 'duplication' of air assets. In this regard, IAF has been citing a 1986 Joint Army-Air Instructions on distribution of air assets under which the IAF is to hold fire power and other logistics capabilities, while the army would have only light utility choppers in AAC. The Army has defended its demand, noting that command and control issues apart, the move will be a factor for it to win battles in future conflicts. However, the AAC's other plan to have a medium helicopter fleet for tactical air lift has been struck down, with the Defence Ministry deciding that the IAF will handle logistics for the Army. Considering this government decision on future attack chopper acquisition, there is still some debate left to be settled on which of the two forces — the Army or the Air Force — will own and operate the 22 Boeing AH-64D Longbow Apache attack helicopters that are likely to be signed for later this year. The decision on attack helicopters for the AAC comes in the backdrop of Army's efforts to have attack and tactical lift helicopters in Aviation Brigades in each of its three Strike Corps initially and to expand the idea to 10 other Pivot/Holding Corps later. That proposal stems from a future need felt by the Army, essentially in the nature of tactical lift capabilities with some offensive elements, as part of the army transformation that was spearheaded by former Indian Army chief General V K Singh and continued by his successor General Bikram Singh. In 2011 and 2012, the Army held six exercises in Rajasthan desert and Punjab plains, four of them major ones such as

the 'Shoor Veer', all to validate the transformation package approved by the army commanders' conferences and the government in recent years. Under this plan, particularly for its aviation wing mooted in 2007 and to be implemented over a 15-year period ending 2022, the three Strike Corps would be beefed up with an Aviation Brigade comprising two squadrons of 12 attack helicopters each, apart from two squadrons with 15 choppers each for tactical battle reconnaissance and casualty evacuation. At present, though, the Indian Army is relying on the two squadrons of Russian-origin Mi-25 and Mi-35 helicopters of the IAF for the Strike Corps's armed air assets, which are, albeit, under the command and control of the Army itself, but flown by IAF pilots. Some Army pilots too are deputed to these armed chopper units from time to time. The Army has been demanding control over attack and medium-lift helicopters for long, saying they are mainly used for its operations. It has been insisting that the strengthening of the AAC with these categories of helicopters is "an inescapable operational necessity." This reasoning is borne by the fact that the infrastructure along the borders with China are 'far from satisfactory" and these air assets would be required to cut down on time taken for troops and equipment movement. Meanwhile, the AAC is preparing to induct and deploy India's indigenous Rudra, a Weapon System Integrated version of the indigenous Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters, in its key formations. It is hoping to raise the first Rudra squadron by the end of March 2013 and deploy it with one of its three Strike Corps. The Army has already ordered for 60 Rudra — armed with 20mm turret-fitted gun, 70mm rocket, anti-tank guided missile and air-to-air missiles as part of its fire power inventory — to raise six squadrons of 10 helicopters each. The Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) for Rudra from the Bengaluru-based Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) is being handled by Indian public sector plane manufacturer, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), which is manufacturing a total of 76 Rudras. While the first two Rudra squadrons of the Army will be fitted with imported anti-tank guided missiles and air-to-air missiles, the Army hopes to have indigenously developed missiles for these helicopters in the future. Rudra, a Dhruv Mk3 version, will be powered by the Shakti engines, an IndoFrench collaborative effort between HAL and Turbomeca. This powerful engine will help Rudra to fly at 20,000-feet altitude thus making it suitable for the icy heights of the Himalayas. Rudras will be tasked by the Army to provide its ground

troops close air support and protection. It will take on enemy targets in a tank and artillery battlefield scenario. The twin-engine helicopter, with a two-pilot crew, has also integrated sensors and electronic warfare suite such as the infra-red imaging, day and night cameras and a laser ranging and designation device, apart from radar and laser tracking warning systems. It is also fitted with counter measures such as the chaff and flare dispenser. All its weapons and systems are pilot-operated. The Rudra apart, the army is already looking at procuring 114 of the indigenously-developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH), which took to the skies for the first time in March 2010. This apart, it will acquire 133 Light Utility Helicopters, as part of a 197-chopper deal for which Eurocopter's AS550-C3 Fennec and Russia's Kamov Ka-226 are in the race. These would replace the 150 Cheetah and Chetak helicopters of 1970s vintage in the AAC fleet that are extensively used for transportation in high-altitude areas, including the Siachen Glacier, the world's highest battlefield. The AAC's existing fleet of Cheetah, Chetak light utility choppers and Dhruv helicopters too will be augmented by 22 Cheetal helicopters for deployment in the prohibitive altitudes. The Defence Acquisition Council had in December 2012 approved the procurement of the Cheetal, an upgraded version of the French-origin Cheetah fitted with more powerful engines developed and manufactured by HAL. — Geopolitics Bureau


NUGGETS n Hexcel is exhibiting at the Aero India show in Bengaluru, from 6th to 10th February 2013 (Hall B1, Stand B2-5) to promote the latest innovations

n Dassault Falcon is investing heavily in India to better serve its expanding customer

RFP cancellations Roadblocks to modernisation


he Indian defence forces are undergoing expansive modernisation with an aim at becoming a completely network-centric force capable of effectively countering security challenges of the 21st century. The Indian Defence market is being touted as the next go-to market for defence companies globally as requirements range from bullets to fighter jets. To cater to this growing demand, the Indian Ministry of Defence has been experiencing a trend of increasing capital budgets with an average year on year growth of more than 10 per cent over the past 5 years. This has witnessed a flurry of activity for large systems procurements, however the complex procurement methodology in India has turned out to be a

long drawn and expensive affair, with companies participating in tenders compulsorily required to physically bring in their equipment to India for trials at a No cost — No commitment basis. These platforms undergo extensive live trails in various weather conditions and after undergoing comprehensive technical evaluations are selected based on the best technical parameters coupled with a competitively priced bid to finally declare the lowest bidder (L1). The costs associated with the trails are borne by the OEMs includes positioning of dedicated qualified manpower to be stationed at the testing range over the period of trials and are non-refundable and cannot be included in the pricing of the equipment being sold. OEMs consider such expenses

towards participation cost. However, repeated cancellation of RFPs or termination of the process and many times without assigning adequate explanation that has been noticed in numerable instances disillusions the global OEMs.Such cancellation of RFPs at various stages of evaluation not only delays the procurement of essential equipment to our armed forces, but also affects the operational readiness for active operations. Often absence of strongly defined technical parameters that leads to occurrence of single vendor situations and financial or technical irregularities by participants are major causes of such cancellations that nevertheless creates road block on the modernisation process and hence equipment acquisition. — Neelu Khatri

Added Boost: India has finalised the order for six Airbus A330 MRTTs

S. No. 1 2 3 4

base in the Indian Subcontinent and prepare for future growth. These investments will be highlighted, along with Falcon's full line of largecabin, long-range business jets, at Aero India .Dassault is the Indian market leader for large cabin business jets, with approximately 20 aircraft currently in operation in the country, and expects to deliver several more over the next two years. Last autumn, Dassault opened a new Falcon liaison office in New Delhi to serve as a hub for its expanding business in the region. It also added a new Dassault Falcon sales manager to reinforce its Indian marketing team. The 900LX will also be on display at Bengaluru with the FalconCabin HD+ cabin management system. The Falcon 900LX can fly non-stop from Mumbai to London City Airport, earth of London, a popular destination for Indian businessmen. The top-of-the-line Falcon 7X, equipped with a full Digital Flight Control System, can fly nonstop from Mumbai to Cape Town or from any airport in India to London. And like the Falcon 900, it is the only jet in its category able to meet the challenging access requirements of London City Airport. The first Falcon 7X was delivered in India to Religare which is operating the aircraft for charter operation since 2010.


5 6 7 8 9 10

Contract 6 Air to air refueling tankers

Issued on

Cancelled on

2009, second Issued twice in bid finalised 2007 and 2010 2013

Chemical detectors- ACADA (Automatic Chem2009 ical Agent Detector and Alarm) Chemical detectors- CAM (Chemical Agent 2009 Monitor) Communication Shelters 2007 Issued twice in Command and control shelters for artillery 2007 and 2011 Issued thrice 180 self-propelled wheeled artillery guns in 2002, 2007 and 2010 Issued twice in 197 military utility helicopters 2003 and 2008 6 Medium Range Maritime Reconnaissance 2008 (MRMR) aircraft 22 attack helicopters 2008 Bullet proof Jackets 2011

Contract Value ($ millions)

in composites for the Indian aerospace industry.Hexcel has supplied prepregs, fabrics, resins, honeycombs and adhesives to India for many years to a broad base of customers including Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL), National Aerospace Lab (NAL), Indian Space Research Organisation, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre and TATA Advanced Materials.TATA Advanced Materials make spars and composite panels for the Airbus A350 XWB using Hexcel’s HexPly® M21E/IMA prepreg. The A350 XWB is the first Airbus to have a structure that is over 50% composites and Hexcel is supplying the carbon fibreprepreg for all of the A350 XWB primary structures. The A350 XWB will make its maiden flight later this year.At Aero India 2013 Hexcel will promote the latest developments for the aerospace industry including products for civil aircraft, helicopters and satellites

aero india 2013








2007, 2011




2007, 2012




2009 2011

550 NA

Maini expands its footprints


he Maini Group has announced its expansion plans for Aero India 2013. The group has acquired industrial land in preparation for its expansion of plant facilities and is concentrating on long term aerospace and defence strategic plans spanning the next two decades. For this purpose, it is currently in talks with global and domestic aerospace leaders in order to explore the right opportunities. The Maini Group is all set to court growth in the Indian aerospace industry, which is growing at an exponential rate. The Maini Group is participating and exhibiting its products at Aero India 2013 and will be present at Hall B, Stall B1.5. The group also announced that Maini Precision Products Pvt. Ltd. (MPP), has achieved a unique distinction in India in the year 2012 by becoming a direct sub-tier partner with two global aerospace prime contractors, supplementing

its already impressive list of customers who are the global who-is-who of aerospace domain. MPP has been steering its aerospace aspirations through a dedicated team of domain skilled people, which has been christened as Maini Global Aerospace (MGA). "MGA is proud to be associated with global majors as direct suppliers and also to a host of global aerospace leaders like Snecma, Eaton, Magellan, Marshall, Parker, Avio, GE, MTU, HAL, SnecmaHAL and Hamilton Sundstrand. The MGA strategy is to grow up the value chain in the domains of aerospace parts manufacture such as aero structures, precision and aero-engine parts and aircraft systems." said Mr. NareshPalta, CEO, Maini Global Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. MGA is also one of the few selected Indian Offset Partners (IOP) with global aerospace majors. Having already commenced supplies against offset pro-

grammes, the MGA team has recently begun the manufacture of mechanical parts for space applications. The Maini Group also enters its fourth decade of successful industrial build up in 2013. From its modest beginning of manufacture of precision components and assemblies for the automotive, hydraulic, material handling and engineering industry by its flagship company Maini Precision Products Pvt. Ltd. (MPP), the group has grown to become a six company entity today. Widely known for its innovative and revolutionary electric car 'REVA' and eco-friendly material handling solutions, the group diversified into aerospace activities in 2005 by manufacture of precision machined parts for the Snecma's widely used CFM 56 engines. With a high focus on leveraging its diverse strength in design, manufacture, innovation, integration, international joint ventures, strategic alliances, and technology absorption, The Maini Group aims to propel itself as a strong aerospace and defence entity in the country.

aero india 2013




t the Aero-India 2013, the Unmanned Ariel Vehicles (UAV), or Drones, will have a significant presence. All major global companies are bringing in versions of their silent force multipliers to Bengaluru. The Israelis, who are leaders in the Indian market, will be challenged by US companies looking for a toe-hold in the UAV segment while the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has its own UAVs in various stages of development. Over the next five years New Delhi is looking to add some 500 UAV’s to trawl the vast 7,516 km coastline and also the sensitive borders — Pakistan to the west and China to the north. This will include the mini-UAVs and another set of tactical UAVs for each of the three strike corps formations of the Indian Army aimed at providing real-time coverage in a tank-led strike scenario and also addition and upgrades to the existing fleet of UAVs operated by the Indian Army’s pivot corps tasked along the IndoPak border in the other area. At present, the strategic UAVs exist but at the tactical level there is gap in India. The Navy has projected additional needs for amphibious operations and surveillance and so has the IAF which is primarily using its UAVs for its long-range strategic needs. The Navy operates UAVs from three stations and is increasingly relying on these for a picture of the seas, especially after the 26/11 Mumbai attacks when the terrorists sailed in by the sea — route. The Border Security Force and the Central Reserve Para-Military Force are looking to expand UAV operations. The CRPF needs real-time inputs in the fight

against left wing extremism in central India and is looking at smaller ones. As of now some 150 UAVs, are in operation in India these are mostly the Searcher Mk II (about 100) and Heron I (about 50) procured from Israel Aerospace Industries in batches in the past one decade. The Searcher-II is important as it allows smooth operations at altitudes of 20,000 feet — a must to operate in the high Himalayas. Advancements in technology means modern-day UAVs fitted with synthetic aperture radars (SARs) can look at targets under tree foliage, under clouds or fog, providing force commanders that crucial edge in conventional military operations and also asymmetrical guerrilla warfare. In northern India fog can hamper operations of conventional UAVs during winter. For Indian military planners, the only available SAR picture is from Risat-I, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), satellite launched in April 2012, this cannot be used for tactical operations. Unlike other military equipment that is inducted with some ceremony or announcement, the UAVs are a secret business. The first lot of the UAVs in India had been imported from Israel in the early 2000s since then the engagement has grown. Today, part from IAI, the Israel Elbit Systems is major player. Americans Boeing and Lockheed Martin are also looking at the market. Now, the biggest deal which Indian Defence Ministry is looking at is an upgrade of its UAV fleet operated by the Army, the IAF and the Navy. This could cost nearly $1 Billion (approx `5,400 crore) and is to be partnered by Israel. Within the Indian Defence Establishment officials inform that the upgrade

programme is to introduce new UAV technologies developed in the past decade. This includes more reliable avionics equipment, improved propulsion (currently provided with Searcher Mk III). The operational edge of newer version of the Heron is that it is deployed with a satellite link allowing seamless flying and data transmission over mountains, New Delhi is keen on these. So far there have been ongoing attempts to weaponise these UAVs. The IAF is looking at the ‘Harop’ loitering weapons of Israel. These are basically UAV’s mounted with ammunitions. The UAV remains airborne for hours and can be programmed to strike at targets in air, at sea, or land with precision and on the exact time of choosing. These are satellite guided. India has a few of the radar suppression variant of the weapon, the ‘HARPY’. Separately, New Delhi has announced a `1500 crore (approx $300 million) project for Rustom-2, it will see first flight in 2014. The Bengaluru-based Aeronautical Development Establishment, a DRDO laboratory is working at it. There will be imported component to it opening up opportunities for foreign vendors. Rustom-2 is aimed to have a wingspan of 21-odd metres and an endurance of 24-hours-plus. Its design could make it look like an Israeli product and will have a synthetic aperture radar, maritime patrol radar and collision avoidance system, among others features. The Mini UAVs and Tactical UAVs

Indian is looking at a number of 100 for the IAF and Navy. These will be of the vertical take and landing variety and are aimed at strengthening the snooping

capabilities of forces. The Indian Defence Ministry has sent out a global request for information in June 1012. Separately the Army is looking at a global tender which could be out this fiscal for procuring these light weight mini-UAVs. New Delhi is looking at a payload of no more than 2.5 kg and its total operational kit should not weigh more than 15kg. The plan is to have a mini-UAV that can be operated by a single soldier in asymmetrical war scenario. Separately, the DRDO is working in tandem with Israel for a tactical UAV. The DRDO also has a hydro-pneumatic launcher based Nishant which can be fired from truck. It has an endurance of 4 hour and 30 minutes and can be retrieved using a parachute obliterating the need for run way or launch pad — most likely never available in a battlefield. The projection of the market

The Teal Group, an aerospace consultancy, lists UAVs as the dynamic growth segment of the world aerospace industry in this decade. Teal's 2012 study says global annual spending on UAVs will double over the next decade and reach $11.4 billion. Another analysis by Frost and Sullivan says a ten-year (2011-2010) market revenue from UAV is likely to be $ 61.37 billion “Europe is facing intense competition in the medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) UAV segment, as more domestic companies are collaborating to develop indigenous equipment. Existing High Altitude, Long-Endurance (HALE) UAVs are too expensive for many nations, even while MALE equipment has limited capability. Hence, an opportunity exists for equipment with capabilities between MALE and HALE,” says Frost and Sullivan. — Geopolitics Bureau

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geopolitics, dailyairshow, 2013, 01

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