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INDIA 2017




What’s The Future? Aero India 2017: Buzz is on new fighter jets contests


rench Marxist theorist Guy Debord had in 1967 described post-modern life as "the society of the spectacle". Several thousand miles away, Peruvian Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa echoed the sentiments, calling the modern society as "the civilisation of the spectacle". Several decades after these two wise men hit the nail on the head, here we are in Bangalore (or would you prefer Bengaluru) to witness what is truly "the spectacle" in our part of the world. The Bangalore air show is here and so are the aviation enthusiasts. The spectacle has begun and the buzz at this year's AeroIndia 2017 is India's huge demand for combat planes that has been so clearly enunciated by former Indian Air Force chief Arup Raha in his parting shot. Apart from the 100 single engine aircraft of western origin that India is looking to make domestically through technology transfer, there will be an additional need for at least 250 twin-engine medium weight aircraft too. India is currently considering the offers from both American Lockheed Martin and Swedish Saab. Since the Indian government has indicated that it may take a call on what it wants out of the two, the interest in this programme has peaked. However, the twin-engine medium weight aircraft contest seems futuristic and it could attract the same set of six competing offers from the same six companies that fought it out in the 2007 tender for Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA). Not just the combat aircraft, there are more that India is looking for and this AeroIndia will be the venue to be for the vendors if they want to showcase their offerings. India is looking for more midair refuelers and the contest has expanded to include the Americans, apart from the European and Russian offerings. There are requirement for more strategic airlifters too, though there is no official contest that has begun in this regard. Same can be said about the Indian interests in buying several helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles too in the years to come and the AeroIndia presents such great opportunity for the vendors with products that suit the Indian requirement. The positives about the AeroIndia this year ends here, with the expec-


Boeing is proud of its longstanding partnership with India. A partnership India can depend upon to meet its developing requirements, from surveillance, strike and mobility platforms to C4ISR, unmanned systems and support services. The most advanced systems and technologies providing the greatest value for India today and tomorrow.


INDIA 2017 SHOW DAILY tation that there can be a lot of business opportunities. But the truth is that India's defence budget has been so pathetic that it is going to be impossible for India to buy all that the Indian armed forces see as their requirement. The Narendra Modi government, which came to power riding on a wave and on promise of performance and adequate focus on national security, has floundered on its promise. Narendra Modi, who came to AeroIndia's last edition in 2015, told the inaugural function at Yelahanka air station on February 18, 2015 that the air show had over 250 Indian companies and another 300 foreign companies participating, which reflected a new level of confidence within the country and global interest in India. In two years since those words were spoken, the global defence and aerospace industries' confidence in India and the global interest is on the wane. In these two years, all that this government could do was to sign half-a-dozen deals that were pending since the previous Manmohan Singh government days, such as the Rafale combat jets, the Apache attack helicopters, Chinook heavy lift helicopters and the follow-on order for the P8 maritime surveillance aircraft. It must be admitted by the Modi government that most of the preparatory work towards signing of the contracts mentioned above were done by the Manmohan Singh government. The programmes initiated under the Modi government are yet to make any significant progress, yet the Prime Minister and his Defence Minister are already sitting over their laurels that they never earned. In the three years that this government has existed, it did make some, cosmetic steps to reform the government's defence procurement procedures and bring about changes in the industrial policies relating to the defence and aerospace sector. We keep hearing from key government executives such as NITI Aayog

Chief Executive Officer Amitabh Kant that defence will the sector that will drive the Modi government's dream 'Make in India' initiative. But, unfortunately, in the over two years since the programme was announced by Modi, not a single defence 'Make in India' project has been initiated. The decision making on these projects are still stuck in the bureaucratic rigmarole and red-tape. Be it the Project 75I conventional submarines, the Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle, the Future Ready Combat Vehicle, or even the project to replace the infantry soldiers' standard weapons. All of them are stuck. Projects like the 75I are waiting for over two years now for a decision on the 'Strategic Partners' policy, a key

Defence Procurement Procedure-2016 that came into force on April 1, 2016. May be, the idea matches with the April Fools' Day on which the DPP-16 took effect

chapter that is still missing in the Defence Procurement Procedure-2016 that came into force on April 1, 2016. May be, the idea matches with the April Fools' Day on which the DPP-16 took effect. Even after the Strategic Partners policy is finalised and incorporated in the DPP-2016, there is no assurance that the Project 75I will kick start immediately. That's the kind of uncertainty that defence projects have assumed in India. No wonder, the confidence of the industry in the government has taken a hit in the last three years. The foreign direct investment

policy that has been tweaked twice in the last three years too hasn't brought in any investment. First, the FDI was raised up to 49 per cent through the direct route and later the strict conditions on technology transfers for allowing 100 per cent FDI too have been eased. Yet, it has not enthused the investors or the foreign companies, who were earlier keen on doing business here and investing. Obviously, no more are those upbeat mood and glowing tributes to the prime minister this time, as was witnessed in the last edition of AeroIndia. We can expect the participation to increase in this year's air show compared to last. But that is in no way indication of the success of the government's policy for the defence and aerospace sector. The performance of the Modi government in this sector will only be measured by the number of contracts it has awarded after initiating it within its tenure, the amount it is willing to spend on capital acquisitions, the quantum of investments it has been able to bring into the country, the number of jobs it has been able to create in this sector and building up of manpower to grab those skilled jobs. On all these fronts, this government has fared miserably till date. And it has less than two years before it goes on to face the next parliamentary polls and when that happens, the defence sector, which is not a vote catching sector, will definitely be pushed to the sidelines. For all the promise of defence capital expenditure of `15,00,000 crore in the next 10 years that is oft-repeated by those responsible in Ministry of Defence, the government has allotted `86,488 crore for capital expenditure for 2017-18 fiscal. That's just about half of the `1,50,000 crore that should have been allocated. Just one question for the Defence Minister, whether Parrikar continues in the post after the Goa Assembly polls results are out: "Where is the money?"



CEO Tata Power SED


12 SUNIL RAINA Managing Director Rockwell Collins India


COL. H.S. SHANKAR CMD Alpha Design Technologies Pvt. Ltd

Looking beyond the DPP


he scene stealer at the ninth edition of India’s biggest defence equipment fair, Defence Expo 2016, was the discussion of the Defence Procurement Policy (DPP–2016), that was uploaded on Ministry of Defence website to become operational from April 2, 2016. The policy exhibited excellent intentions as a game changing policy document. However, looking back we need to judge, if it is time that we need something beyond the DPP to bring in the required private sector participation along with a smooth procurement process. As far as indigenisation is concerned, besides missiles, a Dhanush Gun and the Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Sustems (ATAGS), we do not have too much to talk about. Moreover, we do not seem to categorize adequate Make and Buy IDDM projects. Large ticket programs like the BMP upgrade have not even reached a categorization stage, as the pace of procurement remains sluggish. When it comes to large programs, procedural hurdles continue to be the norm, making it virtually impossible for the private sector to succeed in the field of complex defence manufacturing. Further a single source procurement from the Indian private

Issues concerning night blindness of armoured vehicles, critical deficiency of war reserves of ammunition, non availability of APFSDS or 23mm/30mm caliber amIs G2G the only way out? That leads us to the question munition and obsolescence whether G2G programs are of the Air Defence arm, are the only way out. We have common discussion topics at seen the failure of the DPP’s seminars and conventions normal and elaborate proce- and are widely debated. Even dure in expediting acquisition low technology items such proposals in a time-bound as bullet proof jackets, helmanner, thus forcing the gov- mets and assault rifles are not ernment to resort to the likes forthcoming. Is this because there are curof FMS. Somerently eleven how govThe major take away phases of evaluernment to from procurement ation that are g o v er n m en t deals are becarried out by organizations in coming the developed countries seven commitdefault option tees and thirteen is that we find an for procurdepartmental integrated crossing items that organs between disciplinary team are not bethe general ing expedited services qualitaat the core of any through the tive requirement defence acquisition normal DPP (GSQR) stage programme, who procedures. and the post are completely Every governcontract manresponsible for the ment-to-govagement stage? ernment deal Or is it that the set goals is a testimony Defence Proto the failure curement Proceof the present defence pro- dure lacks accountability and curement regime to deliver. does not dwell on efficient exIt amounts to a tacit admis- ecution. Or is their a lack of sion by the government of experience as most of personits inability to procure major nel dealing with procurement equipment in an open com- arrive from a separate cadre petitive environment as per and are posted out by the its own parameters. time they develop adequate sector is still considered a taboo, whereas import without competition in a G2G deal is greatly admired!

knowledge and experience of arms acquisition. Do we need a more professional organisation? The major take away from procurement organizations in developed countries is that we find an integrated cross-disciplinary team at the core of any defence acquisition programme, who are completely responsible for the set goals. Further, this team possesses a full range of competencies and uses technology and tools to continually assess progress. UK and France, have a central, specialist purchasing body for the armed forces. In addition, the establishment of an Integrated Product Teams (IPTs) provides responsibility and accountability. Besides, to ensure continuity there is a conscious effort to ensure that the managers, leaders and team members stay with a programme team till its completion. The defence acquisition framework thus maintains a proficient acquisition workforce with adequate experience and knowledge of acquisition guidelines, knowledge of the industry and scientific techniques for costing and re-risking. In the US, the Defence Acquisition University trains personnel on acquisition, technology and

16 MV GOWTAMA Chairman & Managing Director BEL


21 JEFF MOLL VP, IBD Military Systems Operation, GE Aviation



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4 logistics processes. This results in ‘creative decisions’ and ‘value for money’ within the federal acquisition guidelines and framework. It is desirable that the Indian system should also adopt the approach of training its acquisition professionals (both bureaucrats and uniformed) at the newly formed Indian National Defence University, through tailor-made programmes, prior to positioning them for acquisition related duties. Further, tenures of personnel involved in acquisition are recommended to be extended to at least five years for maintaining continuity and building a team of professionals with relevant domain knowledge. Techniques such as life cycle cost analysis, earned value analysis and impact assessment-based risk analysis, provide valuable assistance in decision-making. The acquisition costs analysis is based on the whole lifecycle and not merely on the cost of acquisition. In India, the use of analytical scientific tools for arriving at critical acquisition related decisions and lifecycle cost analysis is still at a nascent stage.


Uncertainty promotes cautiousness As far as increasing the role of the private sector is concerned, the present government has taken a large number of policy initiatives in this direction. However, the change in mindset in government representatives leaves much to be desired and a perceived mistrust is still evident. On one side, dependence on a restricted number of large private players has led to a shortfall in reaching the intended goals. On the other hand, the uncertainty related to defence procurement, combined with long gestation periods, has induced a cautious approach on the part of the private sector who at the end of the day are focused on shareholder returns. The L1 approach, with no or limited penalties for late delivery, also succeeds in keeping out serious long term players. To encourage broader participation of the private sector we need to walk the talk and take policy decisions into the execution stage:  Reduce state support in awarding bids on a nomination basis to the public

sector enterprises. Ensure fair-play in the system and make state industries compete against their private counterparts on the basis of ability, competence and results.  Make known the potential demand of key equipment as well as visibility of volumes to allow the private sector to plan well. Do not issue RFPs for one-time piecemeal quantities without indicating the envisaged total requirement over a period of time  Display examples where the private sector receives ToT from foreign companies to become a production agency in any Buy and Make categorization.  Do not demand financials of only one company in tenders. Encourage private industry to bid in consortia wherein risks of operating in a monopsony with long gestational periods are shared.  Encourage the bureaucracy to meet and interact with the private sector.

ON F-16

“An F-16 production partnership with Indian industry extends F-16 production and enables India to procure advanced F-16 Block 70 aircraft and export F-16s to the world” ABHAY PARANJAPE, National Executive, India, Lockheed Martin

—Rajiv Chib

“The government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative has already put defence manufacturing at its heart, and this is one way the industry can focus on indigenisation” KISHORE JAYARAMAN, President, Rolls-Royce South Asia What has been your progress in your target of recruiting and training 500 engineers by 2017 on which you embarked on in 2015? Our Engineering Centres are examples of our long-term commitment to strengthen our distinguished legacy and play a major role in India’s sustained growth. In Bengaluru we have over 400 employees (growing to 500 by 2017) focusing on aerospace projects and supporting the development of new tools and technologies for our customers and engine programmes. Last year, we also consolidated our Marine and Power Systems capability at the newly opened Engineering Centre in Pune by bringing about 100 employees from the two businesses under one roof. These engineers are members of our 15,000 plus global engineering team complementing our global engineering operations and working collaboratively with engineers located in the UK, US and Germany, as well as the rest of the world. With our belief in India’s skilled talent, coupled with our commitment towards the government’s socio-economic initiatives, both these engineering centres enables us to position ourselves for opportunities to co-design, co-develop and comanufacture with right Indian strategic partners. Please share some of the success stories of your work with QuEST and TCS in India to sup-

port your global customers? We have had a long-standing partnership with Quest and TCS in Engineering Services where we have highly skilled engineers working on RollsRoyce specific technologies. We share knowledge and are actively helping to build capabilities across a broad range of engineering domain that covers the entire product development life-cycle of an engine. These partnerships provide us with skilled talent in India which can be scaled according to our demand and of course providing us with a cost advantage. The partners benefit through the development of high level of competencies that are needed to address the complex engineering problems they work on contributing to an overall development of aerospace ecosystem in India. You do know about India's quest for an aero-engine for combat planes. What do you think India should do now to achieve its objective? What do you think is the way forward? It takes years to build up an aero-engine capability, and even more to perfect it. We can see baby steps, but we have a long way to go in order to develop such technology independently. The design and development of a modern fighter aircraft needs a whole set of skills, capabilities, technologies and infrastructure extending over a very wide engineering spectrum.

Further, due to the rapid advances in engineering technologies these days, such an industry would need to assimilate technologies as well as create their own continuously through R&D. The government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative has already put defence manufacturing at its heart, and this is one way the industry can focus on indigenisation. Secondly, with growing involvement from Indian private industry, there needs to be ample investment in R&D across multiple spectra, as well as training & skilling the scientists, engineers in order to have the necessary expertise. Additionally, engine testing facilities are scarce in India and building such infrastructure for design testing and verification would be required. Overall, a holistic and planned approach to developing the indigenous capability that combines the strengths of the aerospace organisations like NAL, DRDO, GTRE etc. with the private players that possess proven domain expertise is the need of the hour. Is an MRO set up in India for Rolls-Royce a viable option? Could you explain how MRO works for the Indian civil aviation platforms at present? What are the favourable conditions in India that could pave the way for an MRO arrangement within the country? Indian government is increasingly focusing on ramp-

ing up the civil aviation sector by building new airports and modernising existing ones, improving regional air connectivity and devising ways to reduce cost and yet provide modern aviation facilities at various small cities. With growing aircraft fleet size, strategic location advantage, rich pool of engineering expertise, and lower labour costs, India no doubt offers huge potential to be a global MRO hub. Apart from civil aviation, defence aviation sector in India also has a high demand for MRO services. At present, airlines operating in India get a large part of their MRO done abroad, mainly due to cost advantages resulting from the comparatively high tax burden, cumbersome operating procedures, and the inadequate MRO service facilities available in India. In fact, the government has taken positive steps to stimulate MRO industry through NCAP. While these measures have helped the industry, it needs more support to capitalize on the enormous business opportunities available. There is a need for government and MRO players to educate and promote new investments in this long term sector with a view to develop the industry. What has been your success in India over the last two years in terms of investment, jobs cre-

ation, skill development and technology sharing? We have been in the country for over 80 years and have evolved our presence from a business opportunity market to a strategically important market. Today, we are already nurturing skills, developing local supplier base and building engineering capabilities, ready to eventually embrace opportunities to codevelop and co-manufacture with the right Indian strategic partners. We are growing our Supply Chain capabilities and engaging with companies like Bharat Forge, Godrej & Boyce and TASL (Tata Advance Systems Ltd.) to get into more complex commodities. Together with HAL, we intend to grow our JV partnership (IAMPL) with a focus on opportunities to collaborate on co-development. We believe in India’s potential to be the hub for manufacturing and innovation. Our Bengaluru and Pune engineering centres continue to build capabilities and capacity to do a wider spectrum of engineering design and development. We are also one of the founding members of the Strategic Manufacturing Skills Council for defence sector – a joint initiative of Ministry of Skills Development & Entrepreneurship, National Skills Development Corporation and Confederation of Indian Industry.


w w w. ra f a l e. co. i n

















INDIA'S STRATEGIC REACH HINGES ON MIDAIR REFUELERS Geopolitics analyses the new contest in the midair refueler programme which has been pending for more than 10 years amidst flip-flops


he midair refueler programme of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is the newest interest of transport plane manufacturers in the Indian military market. The reason is a likely $2-billion business to be won if they get to supply a minimum of six midair refueler plane to the IAF. Those global transport aircraft manufacturers interested in this programme: Airbus, Ilyushin and Boeing. This new contest has come about after India cancelled an almost-done deal with Airbus. IAF is keen on getting the midair refueler aircraft into its fleet to enable it to extend the strategic reach for its military combat, transport and unmanned planes. Tankers are valuable force multipliers for air forces that operate combat aircraft for long distances. The first tender for the midair refueler for the IAF was issued in 2006 and it had attracted bids from Airbus and Ilyushin. Airbus had offered its twin-engine A330-200 aircraft, while Ilyushin had offered its four-engine IL-78 tanker. Despite successive IAF chiefs emphasising the urgency in buying the tankers to boost their operational capabilities, that 2006 tender was withdrawn by India in 2010. This was followed by a fresh tender for the same procurement programme later that year. After going through the entire process of selection between Airbus and Ilyushin offers, A330-200 had emerged as the successful bid to supply six aircraft to the IAF in January 2013. The negotiation went on for a year and got stuck for the next two years, hanging fire due to high costs as well as old CBI cases and a change in the manufacturer's name from EADS Cassidian to

Pegasus tanker, which is it’s Airbus Group. Finally, it renewest aircraft being built for sulted in the cancellation of the United States Air Force. that `9,000-crore tender too The IAF contest is an enticin May 2016. ing opportunity for Boeing, as Informally, the Indian govit has sold to India two of its ernment has indicated that military transport aircraft: 12 the reason for withdrawal of P-8I for the Indian Navy and the tender was a conflict be11 C-17 Globemaster III for tween “procurement cost” and the IAF. “life cycle cost”. Officials, who The Airbus A330 MRTT did not wish to be named, said carries more fuel than the the Russian offer was cheaper KC-46A Pegasus: 111 tonnes, to buy off-the-shelf compared as against 96 tonnes. A330 to the Spanish offer. But the remains in many respects a Airbus A330 MRTT's life cycle civilian airliner that retains cost worked lesser than the Ilyushin's IL-78. Life cycle cost is not just the acquisition cost at the time of procurement, but also the cost of operation, maintenance and spare parts over a service life of 40 years for the aircraft. The first tender, issued in 2006, was scrapped in 2010 because the finance ministry expressed "reser- A330 MRTT RAAF Refuelling F-16 vations relating to the commercial-style seating incompetitiveness of the bids side for 291 passengers. KCand the reasonableness of the 46A Pegasus, in contrast, has price" of the A-330 MRTT. military style “palletised” seatIlyushin could not succeed in ing that can be quickly bolted the first two attempts to sell on for up to 160 passengers. its aircraft, despite it having It can carry 54 stretchers with supplied six of the IL-78s to patients, along with on-board IAF previously and these airemergency oxygen, in a medicraft, based in Agra in Uttar cal evacuation role. To permit Pradesh, add a lot of value large cargo loads, the Pegasus to IAF operations. The IL-78s has giant side doors, the size of can also be used as transport those on the C-17 Globemaster plane by IAF. III cargo plane. In the present race kickKC-46A has a key feature started in 2016, there is a new that is tanker-specific. Its aviplayer in contention; Boeing. onics has twin-pilot cockpit The regulars too are there: fitted with state-of-the-art disAirbus and Ilyushin. plays developed for the 787 While Airbus will offer Dreamliner. In accordance the A330 Multi-Role Tanker with US Air Force's specificaTransport aircraft, Ilyushin tions, the boom operator has a too is expected to pitch its IL78 tanker. Boeing is the surthree-dimensional view of the prise, as it did not have any operation from seven cameras previous offering, but will this that look to the rear. The boom time showcase its KC-46A operator is the crew member in charge of attaching the protrudes from the tail of the Pegasus and to pump fuel at 1,200 gallons “We believe the KC-46 is the per minute into the aircraft, durmost reliable and economical tanker ing refueling. The in the world today and is unique in pilots too view that it was built as a tanker from its the operation, allowing them first day in the factory. Countries, to position their including India, want a tanker that is tanker aircraft “combat ready” from day one and suitably to enable can perform multi-role missions. the refueling process without any That is the KC-46 tanker. It can refuel hitch. aircraft and also carry passengers, According to cargo and patients whenever and reports, Airbus has an advantage wherever needed. The KC-46 is also of being through able to receive fuel in-flight and is the process of cost effective to operate. With its selection twice before. Whatever unmatched operational flexibility, the may have been KC-46 is a mobility game changer


and the best choice for potential customers”


Vice President, Global Sales & Marketing, Boeing Defense, Space & Security

the reason for the two at- is already present with Rustempts being unsuccessful, its sia which is now keen on givproduct A330 MRTT enjoys ing the license to build spares a first-mover advantage. The and important parts to India. aircraft has been bought previ- The Indian Air Force can also ously by several air forces from look at IL-79MD-90. A heavy Australia (seven tankers), transport aircraft for strategic United Kingdom (14) France airlift purposes since the pro(nine), Saudi Arabia (seven), duction line of the US C-17 The Netherlands (two), Singa- Globemaster has closed. If the Russian-Indian talks pore (six), South Korea (four) succeed, it will be the first conand UAE (three). According to Airbus, the tract to supply the Il-78MDA330 MRTT was evaluated 90A. The new aerial refueler twice as the lowest bidder in- aircraft is a modernized verclusive of life-cycle costs by an sion of an IL-76 transporter. expert committee in India It has a modified wing, new that followed due selec- engines and control system, a tion processes. Airbus has higher load capacity and volensured its top position ume of transported fuel. The tanker aircraft can on cost by submitting operational data of A330 carry up to 110 tons of fuel MRTT aircraft deployed and refuel a jet from the rear by other air forces around and from its wings. Three aircraft may be refueled in the air the world. This time around, In- simultaneously. The modular dia is planning a direct air fueling system allows the strategic purchase of the tanker to be easily converted six flight refueling aircraft into a conventional transport (FRA) that it requires to aircraft. The new IL-78MDenhance the reach of its fighter 90A aircraft will be tested in jets, bombers and surveillance 2017, and only after that it aircraft. The previous two attempts have taken nearly a decade, but failed to yield orders. The midair refueler is a critical operational necessity for the IAF. This seems a very similar situation for the IAF, as it had happened in the 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA). It was in 2006 that the IAF had first asked for Ilyushin Il-78MKI the acquisition of six more tankers after inducting six Ilyushin-78 mid-air refueling could be sold to customers. aircraft in 2003-2004. While The one-decade-and-more the IL-78s support operations wait for the IAF in having against Pakistan, the six new more midair refuelers is such a tankers are meant for Pan- frustrating time. The IAF has agarh (West Bengal), the head- time and again asked the Minquarters for the China-specific istry of Defence to take a quick Mountain Strike Corps of the call on getting the midair refuIndian Army. The new tankers elers for its operations. When that India will now buy as crit- the second tender process was ical operational requirement in its final stages, before being are meant to support Air Force scrapped, the IAF had told the operations against China. government that a decision If the Airbus M330 aircraft should be taken one way or was purchased it would have the other on the procurement. given the Indian Air Force The IAF has pointed out on more power in the region with more than one occasion that it advanced technology when believes the case is just going compared to other tanker air- around in circles without any craft in the region. The mid- resolution. air refueling aircraft would At least during this third enhance the operational ca- attempt to get the midair refupabilities of the Su-30 fighter elers for the IAF, the Narendra jets specially developed for Modi government should folIndia by Russia's Sukhoi De- low the Rafale deal model and sign Bureau. For the first time, complete the process in less Russia has offered New Delhi time than the previous govits IL-78MD-90A, which is a ernments have taken, withmodernized version of the Il- out success, in the previous 76MD-90A military transport, two attempts. This is imperaalso known as the IL-476 tive, if the government is seriIL-78 is also not a bad ous about empowering its air choice if bought, as India al- force to perform, if there is a ready has the pilot training two-front war with both of Inand the service infrastructure dia's traditional rivals in Pakistan and China, a scenario for Boeing KC-46 tanker which the Indian armed forces are hurriedly preparing and building capabilities. The advantages of having these midair refuelers – be it from Airbus, Ilyushin or Boeing – will be a marked upturn in India's capabilities against a much more dangerous rival in the region, one that could be expected to align and support another of India's traditional rival, but a lesser force.





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“Tata Power SED has the skills and wherewithal to be the Prime bidder in Global Defence tenders and emerge as L1 and have proven this by winning two MoD bids against established Global competitors” RAHUL CHAUDHRY, CEO, Tata Power SED Please share with our readers the progress that has been achieved in the IAF's MAFI project that you are executing in the last over five years, along with the timelines for the completion of the project. What is the scale and scope of work that's still to be completed in MAFI? Tata Power SED is currently executing MAFI-I order for modernising 30 Air Field of Indian Air Force. This modernisation is required to handle the latest class of aircrafts (transport as well as fighter). In fact, we just delivered the Yelahanka air base, venue of Aero India 2017, after modernization under MAFI-I. By March’ 17, eighteen airfields would have been handed over leaving only 2 batches of 12 airfields (6 in each batch) to be completed. SED is on target to complete all 30 MAFI-I airfields by Oct’ 17. You are also installing the Futuristic Automatic Data Handling System at 16 Air Defence sites. Could you please share the scale and scope of this project and how much has been achieved till now? The project scope was to build command and control system for Air Defence where in 16 Air Force sites were networked. The system design architecture is highly scalable in nature to meet any future demands (adding new sites). The project was completed few years ago and is now fully operational. It is 10 years since you secured and executed production orders for the prestigious Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launchers, the latest one in late 2016. Now, there is a talk of offering this rocket for export to friendly foreign nations. What opportunities do you think will accrue if the government allows export of Pinaka? India is the largest importer of arms in the world; we import almost 70 percent of our requirements. This not only drains our dollar reserves but also give away the economic benefit of jobs and growth to Foreign Countries. China recently had turned the table and

is becoming one of the largest arms exporters from being the largest importer during 2006. We should take cue from China’s turnaround and look to improve our defence exports. Our Defence Minister has set a target of USD 2 Billion revenue from exports by 2019-20 and India is exploring the options of exporting proven missile systems like BrahMos, Akash and Pinaka to friendly nations like Vietnam, Bangladesh and UAE. This will for sure bring in opportunities for Private Players who have been part of the success of these weapon systems. However, export of complex systems such as Pinaka MBRL can only be successfully achieved if we have the entire system being developed and manufactured by the private sector, as opposed to just the launchers and command post. Foreign buyers would buy only if they can see 100% reliability in the entire system – that is in the command post and launchers as well as ammunition. What are the offsets work in the aerospace segment that Tata Power SED is currently working on? Does this include the Rafale deal that India signed in 2016? What is the nature of offset work that you are doing in the Rafale deal, considering that you had signed an MoU with Thales in 2008 keeping the then MMRCA tender in mind. Since we haven’t concluded any deals at this juncture, we won’t be able to comment on this. What has been Tata Power's share of work in the Akash and Agni series of missiles? Akash: Akash Missile Program was initiated and developed as part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme initiated by India in July 1983. Tata Power SED’s association with the programme dates back to early 1990s. Tata Power SED supplied launchers for the missiles in record time. Akash Air Force Launchers (AAFL) is a fully containerized trailer mounted, independently deployed air defence

system equipped with ready to fire medium range Surfaceto-Air Akash Missiles. It has multi directional, multi target, area defence capability. The individual launch system are networked over a command and control system with a set of combat flights forming the combat squadrons with its own surveillance and tracking and fire control radars. The weapon system is cost effective in comparison with the equivalent systems and has cross country mobility can be deployed by air, road and rail. The system went through lot of grueling trials and became one the major indigenous programmes to be cleared for production. Agni: Tata Power SED so far have only supplied On board MIUs for Agni Missile. However for Ground Systems we have supplied  LIU (Launcher Interface Unit)  TCT (Transport cum Tilt) for A5 - Hydraulic System with Mechanisms and Electronic Controller  Rugged Launch Computer Complex ( Missile Check Out Systems)  Dual Redundant Rugged Controller (DRRC) What is your capability in the missile segment of the defence sector? Tata Power SED can deliver an entire Missile Defence System by leveraging its capability in end-to-end Systems engineering of the Solution with complete life cycle support. In fact, we are already partners with MoD on three Missile programs and carry the experience, acumen and credentials from such an association. What has been Tata Power SED's contribution to India in the aviation and defence sector over the last two years in terms of investment, jobs creation, skill development and technology? How do you plan to contribute on these parameters in India over the next two years? With over four decades of ex-

perience in delivering solutions to India’s security needs, Tata Power Strategic Engineering Division (Tata Power SED) has evolved into one of the largest Indian private sector prime contractor with eligibility to participate in all MAKE & Make-like Programs of Indian MoD. Having executed Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher, Akash MediumRange Mobile Surface-To-Air Missile Launcher (for both Army and Air Force), Strategic Missile Launchers, Integrated Electronic Warfare Systems (IEWS), et al. Tata Power SED has emerged as a Land Systems Prime and continues to focus on the Land Systems Programs such as Guns, Precision Guidance, Fuzes, Armour Programs, Tank Upgrades, Radars, Night Vision devices, UAVs, Communication Systems and Power Systems, etc. Tata Power SED has the skills and wherewithal to be the Prime bidder in Global Defence tenders and emerge as L1 and have proven this by winning two MoD bids against established Global competitors. Further, Tata Power SED is also one of the only two private companies to have been successfully down selected for both the MAKE programmes, Tactical Communication System (TCS) & Battlefield Management System (BMS) programs for the Indian Army, announced so far. In the last two years, we have executed Orders worth over `800 Cr and have added close to 400 employees to our man power. As per NASSCOM’s study on impact of hi-tech industry on employment generation, the 400 jobs we created would indirectly add an additional 1600 jobs in the lowtech sector. It’s also a known fact that across the world its the SME and MSMEs who create more jobs per unit of investment and is not different in India who are expected to emerge as hot spots for job creation. Hence, even the country’s major initiative like ‘Make in India’ is not only looking at encouraging big corporate but also MSMEs. Thus,

to enhance their capability DPP 2016 has included funding options for MSMEs for product development. Their innovative capabilities in niche manufacturing, higher flexibility, lower costs and the ability to learn and utilize new technologies make them attractive option for large corporate as well. For instance, Tata Power SED has more than 2500 active registered vendors to support its programs, thus playing a critical part in job creation through its business association with SME and MSMEs. Through our advanced development programs Tata Power SED was able to create more than 100 Sub-Systems over the years in order to qualify for the programmes that SED is intended to target in near future or to cater for the ongoing programmes. In last two years (FY15 & FY16) alone it had spent over `100 Cr in R&D in developing technologies. Besides, Tata Power SED has currently more than 100 technology partnership agreements with leading companies around the world. This not only enables us to participate in large defence program but also allows us to absorb some of the critical technologies over time. In addition to capability building, Tata Power SED continues to focus on capacity expansion through significant investments (Approx. `350 Cr in Phase I) in state-of-the-art greenfield manufacturing and testing facility in Vemagal, Karnataka and world-class design, development and testing facility for prototyping and production at Electronic City, Bengaluru. Tata Power SED will continue to contribute through investments and job creation besides equipping Indian Armed Forces with Indigenous Products by successfully participating in various defence programs. It had recently bagged `200 Cr repeat order of Pinaka MBRL and had successfully overcome the monopoly in supplying Night Vision devices (optronics) to by bagging an Order from Ministry of Home Affairs (to supply to Border Security Forces).

cility in Belgaum to suit future needs and technologies. The employees on the shop floor are trained to be experts in their fields hence shaping Aequs as a hub for aerospace manufacturing. Our contribution to Belgaum has been lauded by the community and our partners of all sizes. We are almost set to launch the Aerospace Knowledge Centre which will provide technical expertise and skills to our employees and aspiring students. By collaborating

with technical institutes in the region, we will train youngsters and equip them with knowledge and the skill set to grow in this industry. We have recently opened up our SEZ in Belgaum to encourage more IT companies to set up their facilities. While we provide them with infrastructural advantage and service support, they will in turn encourage more investment in Tier II cities and also increase career opportunities for local talent.




equs is a significant player in the Indian commercial aerospace manufacturing sector. Our recent acquisitions in France and North America along with our new contract with Airbus for titanium parts have strengthened our position further, apart from being close to customers. We have attracted global investments and defined robust process oriented manufacturing standards in the Indian aerospace industry. The amends in gov-

ernment policies have helped facilitate exchange of modern technology and encouraged more investments from established aerospace leaders in the country. In a growing market like India the focus is towards building capabilities and developing skills. This will be instrumental in the growth of the industry and maturity of the geo into a trusted market for aerospace parts, components and machines. We have expanded our fa-



SEARCH FOR SINGLE-ENGINE COMBAT JET FOR IAF MAY END IN 2017 Choices available to India in identifying a combat plane for Air Force to meet a critical gap in the fleet following the EoI that was issued to some of the plane makers mid last year


ver the past year, the Indian government's idea of boosting the Air Force's combat planes fleet has been front and centre among the defence procurement plans. Senior officers of the Indian Air Force (IAF) have increasingly expressed

Martin's F-16 and the Swedish Saab's Gripen. It is now clear that India is not considering the American Boeing's F/A-18, which too was pitched to the IAF during meetings in mid-2016 between the Indian Ministry of Defence and American Pentagon officials. This

LCA Tejas

their concern over the depleting strength of the combat fleet. It is difficult to predict how the Narendra Modi government may take a call on boosting the combat fleet. One thing is for sure, that decision must be taken before the end of 2017 if IAF must maintain a minimum credible strength required to fight a two-front war, a threat scenario that is more of a possibility than just fear. The IAF's previous experience of choosing a Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) that it requires through a five-year process since 2007 may reflect a belief in the critical importance of long drawn processes to choose what is suitable to defend the Indian air space. But the IAF doesn't have enough time to wait out. The solution: Get a globally successful combat aircraft built in India and induct it into the IAF. Making things clear on what India wants to do, defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on January 3, 2017 said that India will select another single-engine aircraft. But this will be one that will be made in India, apart from the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft that is indigenously manufactured by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. This statement of Parrikar has narrowed down the

also rules out the French Dassault Aviation's Rafale aircraft, which was the winner of the MMRCA contest, but finally had to settle down for just 36 aircraft order instead of the 126 under the 2007 tender. But this gap between the Rafale order and the MMRCA requirement gives an indication of what could be the number of single-engine aircraft that India may be looking to buy: Around 90 aircraft initially, followed by another 63, making it clearly viable economically to set up a production line in India by one of these original equipment manufacturers. Though India is looking for a single-engine fighter jet at present, Parrikar has not ruled out the possibility of IAF getting twin-engine fighters at a later stage. He said right now, the requirement projected by the IAF is for single-engine fighters to replace the ageing MiG-21 and MiG-27 fighters that are being phased out from IAF service. Just before his retirement on December 31, 2016, former IAF chief Arup Raha had clearly stated that his force required about 200 medium weight category aircraft, besides the 36 Rafale jets. Though he mentions medium weight, India could be looking at single-engine aircraft due to purely cost factor. Twin-en-

F/A-18 Super Hornet

competition for winning this prestigious contract to just two globally available fighter jets - the American Lockheed

gine aircraft and their life cycle costs would be significantly higher than a single-engine aircraft, which is a no brainer.

But there would be a time when IAF would require twinengine fighters and that is when India will begin a search for twin-engine fighters globally. Parrikar said when India decides to go for twin-engine fighters to be made in India, the government will also consider the Rafale jets. That is some solace for Rafale that had its likely orders brought down from 126 to 36 in February 2015, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Paris and made that announcement on a governmentto-government deal for 36 Rafales. But, as of now, there are no plans to procure any additional Rafales or twin-engine aircraft. The primary reason why India wants to get a new single-engine aircraft made in India is the failure of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the production agency Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) to ready the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft to meet the parameters set by the IAF. Parrikar may not talk about this underperformance of DRDO and HAL much, but it is inherent and well understood by those hearing him speak. Parrikar made it clear that IAF needs another single-engine aircraft very soon, and it will be apart from the Tejas that India plans to produce. At present, India has placed an order for 40 Tejas from HAL under its Mk1 configuration and the Defence Acquisition Council headed by Parrikar has agreed to place an order for 83 more of Tejas Mk1A configuration. As of today, HAL has handed over three Tejas aircraft of the serial production variety of Mk1 configuration to the IAF to raise a squadron, to be based at Sulur near Coimbatore. All three of these Tejas aircraft with the IAF were approved to fly over the Delhi skies for the 2017 Republic Day parade on January 26, despite it being a single-engine aircraft. Interestingly, after over 3,000 hours of flight by a squadron-strength Tejas technology demonstrators, it is still the safest aircraft, with the best 100 per cent safety record, according to IAF officials coordinating with Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), a DRDO lab that has developed the Tejas, and HAL that produces the aircraft. The Tejas, being an indigenous aircraft, will find a place in the IAF's fleet strength in the future, hopefully by the turn of this decade or early next decade. Yet, the requirement for a second line of single-engine aircraft has also been felt by the IAF, Parrikar said. But this second production

for a western combat plane will come up under the Strategic Partnership route, the minister said. The Indian industry and the armed forces are waiting with bated breath for the Strategic Partnership policy to be released at the earliest. Under the strategic partnership, the Indian government will designate an Indian private sector industry to acquire the technology for manufacturing the single-engine aircraft in India through cooperation from a foreign Original Equipment Manufacturer. Parrikar said once the chapter on strategic partnership is finalised in January and released before March, his ministry will start moving in the direction of single-engine fighter aircraft manufacturing in India with help from a foreign company. That foreign company will be decided by the end of this year, he said. He also indicated that the first few of the chosen aircraft would come off the self from the original equipment manufacturer thus chosen and the rest would be made in India, thus increasing the aviation production capability. The deal, when signed, can be either the commercial or government-to-government route.

its twin-engine Rafale for a 'Make in India' programme. The same goes for Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft from the European consortium or even Boeing for the F/A-18. The invitation was sent out by the Indian embassies in Washington DC, Stockholm and Moscow through letters to the three companies. Lockheed Martin and Saab had already pitched their respective aircraft, F-16 Block 70 and Gripen E, to IAF. With the option being restricted to single engines, the Russian may not have an offering at this stage. The confidential document is to determine which vendors are interested in participating in the 'Make in India' programme and what they are willing to offer. By specifying that the IAF requires a singleengine fighter, the letter differs from the 2007 tender for the MMRCA, which had no such stipulation. In 2007, six vendors fielded four twin-engine and two single-engine fighters among them. The twin-engine offerings included Dassault's Rafale, Eurofighter's Typhoon, Boeing's F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and RAC MiG-35. The single-engine fighters offered were Lockheed Martin's

F-16 Block 70

This decision would be taken just after selection of the aircraft, be it F-16 or Gripen. The Indian manufacturer of the chosen aircraft would be chosen as the Strategic Partner of the Indian government to make the combat planes in India. That selection of the local industry would be through a well-defined process that would include measuring the company's manufacturing capabilities and financial position. The foreign original equipment manufacturer, who will share technology, would be selected and the government of the nation to which the foreign company belongs would stand guarantee for the performance of the contract, which would include technology transfer and other commercial clauses. In October 2016, the Indian government through its embassies in the respective national capitals of US, Sweden and Russia, invited proposals from Lockheed Martin, Saab and the Russian agencies if it would express its interest to help India make their combat aircraft in India through a technology transfer. This move was clearly seen to preclude French Dassault Aviation's effort to pitch

F-16IN Super Viper and Saab's Gripen D. Both Saab and Lockheed Martin have kicked off highstakes, high-voltage campaigns in India, promising to meet the IAF's requirement and the government's ‘Make in India’ stipulation. Both had already submitted what the IAF chief described on Thursday as unsolicited bids" for building their fighters in India, though they have also officially responded to the letters that sought intent too. Saab has linked its offer with assistance to the indigenous Tejas Light Combat Aircraft development programme, including an offer of help in the AESA radar for the locally-developed plane. Saab has offered to help ADA in quickly developing the Tejas Mark IA. Arup Raha had mentioned in his Air Force Day eve press conference in 2016 that the Mk1A would see four improvements from Mk1: better combat radar, more lethal weapons, dedicated electronic warfare capability and better maintainability. This Mk1 should be ready to fly in three to four years. Not just LCA, Saab has also offered help to ADA on the futuristic Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) programme too.




Saab's offer is the Gripen E that was unveiled in 2016 and is now already part of the deal concluded with Brazil by the Swedish company, the subject of a licensed production deal with Brazil. The clincher could be the co-development offer on the airborne AESA radar that it has been designing in Sweden, based on the Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology that Saab has introduced on the Giraffe ground-air surveillance radar. This radar is an alternative to the ES-05 AESA radar designed by Leonardo (formerly Selex Gallileo) that will be fitted to the Gripen E’s for Brazil and Sweden. The offer is to fit the Swedish GaN radar on India's indigenous Tejas Light Combat Aircraft and assistance on Tejas Mk2 to be powered by General Electric's F414 engines, one that's like the Gripen E's. Lockheed Martin is pushing an offer through the IndiaUS Defence Trade and Technology Initiative (DTTI) under

which the US has offered help on the Jet Engine technology too through co-development. Lockheed Martin has committed to transfer its F-16 production from Fort Worth in Texas, US to India (where the Indian strategic partner company decides to have the facility) in phases. F-16 Block 70 is a more advanced aircraft than what was offered under the MMRCA tender. If India chooses F-16, India could become the only production centre for the Lockheed Martin aircraft, with a major part of the production and its assembly and integration would take place in India. This could even prove to be a strategic advantage for India vis-a-vis Pakistan, which has F-16s in its fleet. If India becomes the only manufacturer for some of the critical spares for F-16s, it could squeeze out the F-16 fleet in Pakistan Air Force, depriving it of these spares. Moreover, the production of the F-16 in India would

“We have a blueprint for a comprehensive 'Make in India' programme for the Gripen E, which includes the setting up of a full manufacturing facility, at par with our Gripen E facility in Sweden. It also includes transfers of technology, the setting up of an aerospace ecosystem, the development of a local supplier base, and employment of a well-trained workforce”

JAN WIDERSTROM, Chairman and MD, Saab India

mean the South Asian nation will be the sole manufacturer of the aircraft globally and will be the sole supplier of the aircraft. Lockheed Martin has sold 4,588 F-16s to 29 customers, and many of those aircraft have a 30-year life that requires the continuing supply of spares and support. The production in India could also mean affordable

F-16s for India, apart from bring a huge military aviation supply chain and capability to manufacture a fighter jet for India. The F-16 Block 70 seems to be the latest variant of the legendary fighter jet of the fourth-generation category, and an upgraded version of the F-16V, which was first offered to India under the MMRCA tender.

What will make the Block 70 aircraft attractive is its APG-83 AESA radar. This radar has commonality with the APG-81 that is now integrated on the F-35, providing a wide field of view and can pick up to 20 targets at any given time. This F-16 may also feature a one-gigabyte Ethernet data system and a 6x8-inch centre pedestal cockpit display.



“We are attracting global investments and we are establishing international standards in the aerospace industry in India” ARAVIND MELLIGERI, CEO & Chairman of Aequs In 2015, Aequs was targeting a five-fold increase in its revenues from the $40 million that you were doing until then. What progress have you made in this regard in the last two years? How has your revenue increased and from which side of your business do you see the increase coming? 2015 and 2016 have been very eventful for us. We have managed to grow in length and breadth of commercial manufacturing. We have managed to diversify and yet stay integrated. We entered North America by acquiring Paris, Texas-based T&K Machines and in 2016 saw the complete acquisition of SiRA Group, France. These deals have helped us cater to those regions more effectively. We grew leaps and bounds within India as well, where we inaugurated the largest aerospace manufacturing facility in 2015 and in early 2016, we expanded the dedicated Airbus facility. Aerospace has been the biggest contributor to our success. Global aerospace giant, Airbus awarded us the contract of manufacturing titanium parts for the A320neo, which is the largest in India. The company has witnessed a growth of 50% CAGR in the past 4 years, which is the greatest indicator of our progress. In fact, our goals have become even larger and we are looking to move from $100 million Company to $300 million Company in 4 years. You have three joint ventures with Saab, Aubert and Duval of France, and Megellan. What has been the major focus of these joint ventures and how have these JVs contributed in developing aerospace capabilities in Karnataka? The SEZ provides a universal platform for OEMs, the suppliers and ancillary makers with the opportunity to set up manufacturing operations in India and so far, Aequs has successfully concluded three global joint venture partnerships (JVs).

To bring in capabilities into India, Aequs has entered into a joint venture with global companies like Magellan Aerospace Limited, to form Aerospace Processing India (API) for setting up a fully integrated, scalable facility to cater the needs of both the Indian and international aerospace manufacturing industry. Also, SQuAD Forging India Private Limited in collaboration with Aubert & Duval SA, France (A&D) and Setforge Societe Nouvelle S A S, France (Setforge). SQuAD primarily aims at the aerospace market to support major OEMs in their supply chain while contributing to their offset obligations. It will focus on aero structural parts, landing gear and braking system components in aluminium, steel, titanium or nickel base alloys. SQuAD will also handle products for other markets such as highly critical parts for automotive, power generation and oil & gas. Also, a JV agreement has been signed with global Defence and Security major Saab to set up an ‘Aerostructure Assembly Joint Venture’. Further Aequs signed a JV agreement with Precihole Machine Tools to combine technological expertise and infrastructure to manufacture precision machined components for international markets. Apart from the joint ventures, Aequs has successfully adopted the acquisition route to further expand its geographical reach and capabilities to serve global customers and create global ecosystems in true sense. Aequs has acquired Paris, Texas based T&K Machine Inc. By doing this Aequs has emerged as the first Indian aerospace company to expand in North American market. Further, the acquisition of SiRA group based in France has brought highly complementary capabilities to our Global Aerospace Ecosystem in the areas of precision machining, assembly, landing

gear, and aircraft actuation components. This development expanded our relationship with key customers in Europe such as Dassault, Safran (multiple divisions), and United Technologies Aircraft Systems. In addition to these, we have approval to work on several of their production programs. By establishing these JVs Aequs is positioning itself in the global arena with attractive demand and supply side drivers to support it and helping India in building capabilities to emerge as a preferred destination for manufacturing of aerospace components. You were the first Indian company to get approval for 49 per cent FDI in December 2014 under the new rules brought in by the Narendra Modi government earlier that year. Now that rules have been eased to have up to 100 per cent FDI, what is the possibility of Aequs taking that step? This is great news for us. We believe that partnerships across the globe will help strengthen our technical abilities and give us access to a wealth of knowledge. The government is also looking ensure India is a major contender in aerospace by 2020 and such policies will facilitate exchange of modern technology and encourage more investments from established aerospace leaders. When it comes to aerospace, the margin of error is zero. Having machinery certified under international standards and hence being able to bring out highest quality products is one of the biggest advantages of this policy, which will benefit the industry as a whole. In June 2015, Aequs had taken over T&K Machines in Texas, US. Then, in February 2016, you took over the French SiRA. How did those take-overs help Aequs in terms of business, revenues and capacities over the last two years? In 2015, we expanded into

North America following the acquisition of T&K Machines. This facility caters to the local – global needs of Boeing and UTAS amongst many others. Acquiring France based SiRA Group in 2016 strengthened our ability to deliver to European customers like Dassault, the manufacturer of Rafale fighter jet. We are closer to global aerospace giants and we are attracting all the right attention. Aequs has been expanding its facilities to include a metal processing centre, API's phase-2 facility and a free trade warehousing zone in 2016. What are the plans for 2017 in this regard? In our continuous endeavour to expand the Aerospace ecosystem in India, we signed a contract with All Metal Services Limited (AMS), a subsidiary of Reliance Steel & Aluminum Co. to establish a metals service centre in SEZ, Belgaum, India. The facility will provide various metals, including Titanium, Aluminium and Steel, in various forms including plate, sheet and tube and related processing services for aerospace industry applications. Further, on June 10, 2016, we signed an agreement with Apollo Aerospace Components Pvt. Ltd to establish a 10000 SQFT unit for Aerospace standard parts Material distribution. This would be a part of “Free Trade Warehousing Zone (FTWZ)” in its Special Economic Zone (SEZ), Belgaum. In order to expand our Aerospace Special Processing capabilities, Aerospace Processing India Pvt. Ltd (API) inaugurated its Phase II facility, marking yet another key milestone in the growth and development of Aerospace Manufacturing in India. API, a joint venture between Aequs and Magellan Aerospace and located at Aequs SEZ in Belgaum, Karnataka, was the first third-party facility in India to be approved by both Airbus and Boeing. This new expan-

sion will accommodate additional capacity and capabilities supporting water-based paint, solid film lubricant, sulphuric acid anodizing, zinc-nickel plating and additional processes under development. The current, fully integrated, modular facility utilizes ~ 45,000 sq. ft. The API facility also houses the environmentally-friendly tartaric sulphuric acid (TSA) anodizing line approved by Airbus. In addition, cadmium plating line is also coming on line this year. What has been Aequs' contribution to India in the aviation and defence sector over the last two years in terms of investment, jobs creation, skill development and technology? How do you plan to contribute on these parameters in India over the next two years? Aequs is a significant player in the Indian commercial aerospace manufacturing sector. Our recent acquisitions in France and North America along with our new contract with Airbus for titanium parts have only strengthened our position. We are attracting global investments and we are establishing international standards in the aerospace industry in India. Our contribution to Belgavi has been recognized by the citizens and is appreciated by private and public players as well. In the future, we look forward to set up an Aerospace Knowledge Centre and provide technical expertise and experience to aspiring students. By collaborating with technical institutes in the region, we will train youngsters and equip them with knowledge and the skill set to grow in this industry. We have recently opened up our SEZ in Belgaum to encourage more IT companies to set up their facilities. While we provide them with infrastructural advantage and service support, they will in turn encourage more investment in Tier II cities and also increase career opportunities for local talent.



JAN WIDERSTROM, Chairman and MD, Saab India

aab’s presence at Aero India is based on our commitment to contribute to India’s ambition to build an indigenous defence industry of global standards. We see very exciting opportunities of collaboration with Indian industry. Saab officials and team will be present at Aero India to meet important stakeholders, current and potential customers as well as potential partner companies. We firmly believe that the Indian Government’s approach towards ‘Make in India’ has great synergies with Saab’s approach to enabling development of defence industries through technology collabora-

tions. Saab’s ‘Make in India’ vision - for systems such as Gripen aircraft, Saab’s AESA fighter radar and RBS 70 NG VSHORAD & BAMSE SRSAM missile systems –focuses on capability development from day one. It involves transfer of critical latest-generation technology to Indian industry, and defence R&D institutions. It involves working closely with Indian partner companies and suppliers at all levels, to design and develop the most advanced systems and sub-systems in India. It involves introducing processes and quality systems that are at par with the best in

the world. It involves Research and Development partnerships between Indian and Swedish universities that will enable India to design, develop, produce and support future defence systems - that are then exported to the rest of the world. Saab’s plan for Gripen also includes training programs for skills and knowledge development, which is critical to creating an aerospace ecosystem. We will not work by simply providing kits, but by providing knowledge so that we can build capability across all levels of the supply chain. In that way we can reach an indigenous capability to main-

tain, to sustain, to further develop Gripen in India. We will not simply move an assembly line; we will build development capability. We will design, develop, produce, support and innovate in India. Our concept of technology transfer is real as we are willing to give India comprehensive system and software control. In short, Saab is not only looking at setting up a base here, but also helping in the development of aerospace and defence capability for decades to come. We are intensifying our operations in India with a long term perspective.




“This is just a beginning and as we grow in India, we look forward to a teaming and partnership with many more Indian OEMs” SUNIL RAINA, Managing Director, Rockwell Collins India Your latest addition to the portfolio in the last two years has been the TruNet SDR? Please explain to our readers where and how do you think TruNet can be of use to Indian armed forces? Rockwell Collins Trunet is a networked communication solution that would enable advanced situational awareness for defence forces. The cutting edge technology provides secure and real time capabilities, which enables seamless interoperability of air and ground forces. Trunet family includes airborne, ground and handheld series SDRs that enhance the effectiveness and impact of any military operations. How has your offer Talon SDR been received in India? Where do you see potential business for this product? Rockwell Collins TALON, Electronic Counter Counter Measure (ECCM) waveform modules is a part of ECIL developed radio that serves Indian MoD needs. Talon is name of Rockwell Collins ARC 210 V/UHF radio that is now a part of few Indian MoD Platforms. The ARC-210 is the most widely fielded airborne radio in the world, operating on more than 200 platform variants worldwide in over 50 countries. Rockwell Collins celebrated the delivery of its 40,000th ARC-210 radio to the U.S. military during a ceremony held recently at the company’s corporate headquarters in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Can you share with our readers the products that you have come

THALES “We have had an excellent association with India since 1953 and have had noteworthy opportunities to partner with the government and industry to strengthen the capabilities of the Indian armed forces. Our objective is to make in India as well as export from India. We welcome events like Aero India which enable us to further our objective by connecting us with all key stakeholders and allowing us to bring our cutting-edge solutions to the Indian market”

PASCALE SOURISSE, Senior Executive Vice President, International Development, Thales

out with in your partnership with Zen Technologies in flight simulation sector and the products that are under works? Zen indeed is our channel to market to support the Indian MoD requirements for Indian Simulation business. As of now leveraging our partnership with Zen, we are in this domain to address a few emerging opportunities that we see such as Simulators for different platforms. Rockwell Collins understands GOI Policy towards make in India and with that we are trying to work with Zen to come up with a transportable Simulator that addresses the Indian MoD needs. What has been the outcome of your partnership with Tata Power SED? Where do think this partnership will progress over the next two years? Rockwell Collins partnership with TATA stands and we signed these two years ago. We are engaged into communications domain specially Software Defined Radio. Large India MoD SDR programs such as BMS and Indian Army SDR are a few where we are in collaborating arrangement with TATAs. Rockwell is awaiting decision by the government on award of contract in some of the key programs that we are in partnership with TATAs. What has been the success story of your partnership with AirWorks in the civilian aftermarket services work? Rockwell Collins have MRO dealers like Indamer, Airworks, Shaurya and a few

others where we have partnerships with them for the Civilian General Aviation Market. As on date we have signed about 30 Collins Aviation services Program for various platforms in India. How has Rockwell Collins done in terms of investment, jobs creation, skill development and technology transfer/sharing in India in the last two years? What is in store on these over the next two years? Rockwell Collins is operat-

ing from Delhi and two major aerospace hubs in the country namely Hyderabad and Bengaluru. In 2008, Rockwell Collins invested in India to have an Indian design centre that has given employment to 900 plus Indian engineers. These design centres caters to the need to the entire world and also needs of Indian MoD requirements. The India Design Center (IDC) was recently recognized as a top 25 employer brand in the Southern Region of India for 2016-2017 by the Employer Branding Insti-

tute of India. Rockwell Collins was the only company in the aerospace and defence industry to receive this recognition. In addition to this the Rockwell team has identified a few Indian companies that support Rockwell Collins providing hardware manufactured in India with a global standard. This is just a beginning and as we grow in India, we look forward to a teaming and partnership with many more Indian OEMs to support the campaign of ‘Make in India’.


AMASCOS The airborne ISR solution The Thales AMASCOS® integrated multi-mission system is scalable and adaptable, allowing it to meet the exact operational requirements of operators


aritime sovereignty is one of the most crucial elements of national defence. Nation States need to protect their spheres of influence, whether it be surveillance of communication channels or the proliferation of potentially hostile submarine fleets. We are currently seeing the emergence of unconventional and amorphous threats such as piracy, border conflicts and rebellions, as well as other challenges such as the need to control mass-migration. The requirement has never been higher for states to better control their land and sea borders through enhanced airborne capabilities. Maritime or ground surveillance systems installed on light aircraft are used to monitor an exclusive economic zone (EEZ), perform search and rescue missions at sea, protect borders and allow police operations to be implemented. The systems on board longrange sea patrol aircraft, and which are now equipped on medium-sized aircraft, offer the ideal tool for protecting and training submarine crews, and for combating enemy submarines. The Thales response The range of AMASCOS systems offers extended multimission capabilities, covering both ground and maritime surveillance missions. The AMASCOS surveillance system is the ideal solution in response to all Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) requirements. Designed by Thales and featuring the latest-generation sensor suite, it is already in service with several national navies and air forces. AMASCOS combines various sensors, including, radar systems, ESM, optronics, COMINT or acoustic, but also communication resources, SATCOMs and datalinks. All sensors are coordinated by an operations and tactical command system allowing the

crew to ensure the success of the missions. The modular architecture of the AMASCOS system allows delivery of light versions for ground or coastal surveillance requirements (single console, Radar, FLIR and Communications) or maritime surveillance (single console, radar, AIS, FLIR and communications), standard versions for ground surveillance and information gathering requirements (2 or 3 consoles, Radar, GSM and radio COMINT, FLIR and communications), as well as extended anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare versions (four to five consoles, radar, FLIR, acoustic systems, electronic warfare and communication systems suite). THALES added value In addition to the level of performance of its sensor suites, the AMASCOS range also offers customers performances which are currently unique on the market. Continuous research into automatic processing and manmachine interfaces being carried out by the Atol laboratory with Télécom Bretagne, and the École Navale (French naval academy), make the AMASCOS system a “sensor performance multiplier” while reducing and simplifying the workload for operators. The system can be reconfigured in flight. Depending on the phases of the mission, the tac-

tical coordinator may dedicate additional operator consoles to the desired mission. AMASCOS can therefore perform a greater number of missions and fly for longer, with fewer aircraft. The double redundancy of the two screens on each console means that should one fail, the operator can immediately switch over to the other, therefore maintain operational integrity. Thales offers a complete solution. In addition to the onboard mission systems, Thales also offers ground centres for mission preparation and debriefing, as well as the possibility of monitoring the mission on the ground in real time using high-speed satellite links. A training system is also offered allowing operators to realistically prepare for situations. The Thales AMASCOS multi-mission surveillance system is the guarantee of a successful mission. The AMASCOS® System can perform multiple missions:  Maritime surveillance  Ground reconnaissance  Search And Rescue (SAR)  Border surveillance  Police operations  SIGINT (SIGnal INTelligence): ELINT and/or COMINT  Anti-Surface Warfare (ASuW) and Over-The-Horizon Targeting (OTHT)  Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)





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“We are expecting Orders for MI-17 helicopter upgrade too in the near future”

COL. H.S. SHANKAR CMD, Alpha Design Technologies Pvt. Ltd In the 13 years that ADTL has worked in the Defence sector, you have reached the `400 Cr annual turnover and current order book worth over `1,000 Cr. What's the unique work principle that has helped you in growing this business? What are your targets over the next two years? The unique work principle we adopted was to build up expertise in youngsters by providing them interesting R&D projects under supervision of experienced technologists. The targets for next 2-3 years would be to race from `400 Cr turnover to around `600 Cr to `1000 Cr, with good profit margins. You are working with DRDO and BrahMos for developing a seeker for missiles that India is making. Please share the idea behind attempting this technology development, which is a first for India? What is the business opportunity size are you looking at through the seeker development? Tell us also about your IFF and SDR portfolio and how these fit into the Indian programmes? The programs mentioned – RF Seekers, IFF & SDRs are projects of mind-boggling proportions. Within these three, the market one sees is around `10,000 Cr in next 10-15 years! You participated in the Cheetah upgrade programme. Would that experience and the product you developed then bring you some new businesses for other helicopters that Indian armed forces have in their inventory? What is the scope and size of business you hope to bag with this business? Yes. We are expecting Orders for MI-17 helicopter upgrade too in the near future. Order value may be around `200 Cr in next 2/3 years. Can you share the likely trajectory that your JV with

Elettronica will take in the next couple of years? What business opportunities will this JV been looking for from the Indian Air Force? This depends on the success of user trials/evaluations going on. Only when it becomes successful and the equipment becomes manufacturable, then only the JVC will be revived. What is the quantum of investment you make in R&D and how many engineers are working in your R&D centre in Hyderabad? What's outcome (Return on investment) from the R&D? How much of your investment resulted in products being developed and going into production? We make approximately 25% of our profits on R&D – which is quite high for Indian standards. There are 417 young engineers (21-29 age group) in R&D. There are more than 15 new products under development and about 10 out of our R&D products have been productionised and supplied / being supplied. What has been ADTL's contribution to India in the aviation and defence sector over the last two years in terms of investment, jobs creation, skill development and technology? How do you plan to contribute on these parameters in India over the next two years? ADTL’s contribution is in terms of large investment (25% of profits), creating of jobs for hundreds of engineers/diploma holders/ technicians, skill development and technological expertise. For the next two years, there will be more investment in test facilities, manufacturing facilities and on R&D projects. These will go a long way in developing Indigenous products and for indigenous manufacture and supply. Export is another area ADTL is already strong (last year, 60% turnover was from exports).

GRIPEN FOR INDIA With Gripen, India can add an entirely new dimension to its national industrial base, developing new skills and new centres of excellence that will be a true national asset


rime Minister Modi’s vision for Defence and Aerospace is clear: ‘Make in India’ is going to be the foundation of defence capability building in India. We can foresee that most major programs and acquisitions going ahead are going to involve a large component of in-country development/manufacturing – which will help India become a defence technology hub for the next generation of systems. We could look at ‘Make in India’ from the narrow prism of setting up or transferring assembly lines from foreign countries to India – or we could expand the debate and look at what it will take for India’s defence industry to truly become the centre of the next technology revolution in defence. This would mean looking at not just assembly, but at capability development for system and sub-system design; development; component and system manufacturing; quality and processes; integration; and finally, support and MRO. Sweden and Saab have a proven track record of being open to sharing critical technology and working closely with partner countries to build such capability. We call it true transfer of technology. This includes training, transfer of know-how, capability development, and development of a strong supply chain for cutting-edge technology systems. We are not talking about telling someone how to use a screwdriver; we are talking about a long-term vision where our partners can be self-reliant and build a state-of-the-art domestic industry. A close partnership between Sweden and India will lead to the creation of a number of high-tech jobs in manufacturing, and increase avenues for education in defence engineering – through collaboration between Indian and Swedish Universities, including exposure to the Saab production concept and way of working. This will benefit not just India alone, but also Saab and Sweden – real progress is where all parties in a partnership can say that they have learnt something beneficial from the partnership. Gripen delivers the Swedish model of partnership and cooperation, with true technology transfer and sovereign operational capacity placed firmly in the hands of its users. It guarantees full and independent ownership, with the freedom to adapt, enhance and upgrade the aircraft according to India’s national needs. Gripen ensures India’s full freedom to act, now and in the future. With Gripen, India can add an entirely new dimension to its national industrial base, developing new skills and new centres of excellence that will be a true national asset. In an era when costs are rising and return on investment is often unclear,

Gripen charts a clear course for national defence and industrial security. Indeed, its unbeatable combination of combat power and cost control will help secure India’s air power credentials for the coming decades. Just as important as technology partnership is air power. Gripen is the nextgeneration combat aircraft that can meet India’s needs for 21st Century air power. It is an advanced, multi-role fighter at the start of its development life – which means it will be the leading fighter platform in the world for decades to come. As the newest generation of fighter in service today, it is designed to maintain operational superiority against existing and future threats by allowing easy upgrades with new sensors, avionics and weapons. It delivers an unbeatable mix of technology, combat effectiveness and future-proof design in a package that is uniquely cost effective. Gripen can bring to India world-leading technology and capability that would be of great help to any Air Force facing challenging scenarios: Highly advanced net-centric warfare Gripen’s mix of long-range datalinks and secure communications in an advanced cockpit, plus our sensor systems and powerful Electronic

Warfare systems, will drive tactics and operational capability to a new level. Sensor fusion Gripen’s mastery of sensor fusion – radar, IRST and ESM – is the technology that defines the networked tactics of the future. Unique BVR capability No country has a weapon that comes close to the MBDA Meteor – Gripen today is the only fighter in the world that has the Meteor integrated and operational. Furthermore, Gripen’s unique level of

advanced sensors, sensor fusion and datalink-driven tactics means that Gripen pilots can exploit the capabilities of all their air-to-air weapons like no other fighter. Forward-basing and flexible deployment Gripen is designed to be supremely deployable, to operate away from large, vulnerable air base facilities as a matter of routine. The Gripen concept of operations means the fighter can operate from small, short and unprepared landing strips such as India’s forward-based advanced landing grounds (ALGs) or even from ordinary roads. Total integration flexibility Only Gripen gives customers the freedom to integrate multiple weapons types, quickly and affordably. With Gripen India will have the ability to retain and exploit its current and future inventory of advanced weapons and will not be tied to any single source or supplier. Performance at every end of the scale Gripen combines an agile dogfighting capability, with an unparalleled short field capability and the ability to supercruise (supersonic flight without afterburner) with an effective combat load. Gripen delivers performance at every level.

Gripen will meet and defeat the most sophisticated threats of today and tomorrow, while surviving in the toughest environments. It is the product of a clear and clever Swedish design philosophy that delivers simplicity with maximum effectiveness at every level. With Gripen, air forces become better, faster, smarter; always available, always operational. With Gripen, pilots spend more time in the air and their units can deploy more aircraft, on more missions, more often. With a very short turnaround time and a unique ability to integrate almost any weapon system, new or old, Gripen has the ability to serve as a true force multiplier for the nation. It is the next-generation combat aircraft that meets India’s needs for the 21st Century. Gripen is ready for India. Ready for 2050.

India 2017 show daily



Loïc Piedevache, Country Head-India, MBDA In addition to the longstanding licensing agreement which sees the Milan missile made in India by BDL, MBDA is actively proposing three guided weapon solutions which are highly relevant to ‘Make in India’. These are the SRSAM naval air defence system for the Indian Navy, ATGM 5th Generation for the Indian Army and Mistral MANPADS for all three services. SRSAM has been well covered over the years and we are ready to progress on this DRDO-led project as soon as we get the green light. First deliveries to the Indian Navy

would be within as little as three years with full deliveries completed within five years or less. ATGM 5th Generation is also a full IDDM (Indian Designed, Developed and Manufactured) project which would draw on next generation technologies currently being developed in France for the French Army. Specified to India’s exact operational requirements in terms of range and warhead type, this weapon offering fire-andforget with operator in the loop options as well as direct and indirect fire selections would represent a quantum leap in capability for the Indian Army – as a tripod, vehicle or even helicopter mounted weapon. Mistral MANPADS is MBDA’s proposal to meet India’s VSHORAD requirement. As well as the obvious advantages offered by a fire-and-forget system, there are industrial advantages linked to MBDA’s offer as well. Should Mistral MANPADS be selected, the missile would be manufactured under license in India and which would of course involve the transfer of some very complex and advanced technology. With the Mistral missile being common across the MANPADS and the ALH

Rudra and LCH helicoptermounted ATAM system, there would be clear stock management advantages linked to a positive decision in this case. At the Aero India show we will be announcing some interesting and encouraging figures regarding MBDA’s very major contribution to the Indian defence industry sector. Thanks to major contracts covering ASRAAM for the Jaguar, MICA for the Mirage 2000, Mistral ATAM for the Rudra and the LCH and of course the suite of missiles linked to the Rafale, MBDA has been building up a substantial network of business partners across the continent. These range from the well-known DPSUs to SMEs and MSMEs within the private sector. A lot of the work involves highly complex missile and launcher sub-assemblies which will help add to the existing skills base within the sector. In fact we are so satisfied with some of these local partners that they now form part of MBDA’s global supply chain. One initiative that MBDA is very proud of is its sponsorship programme that allows a number of young Indian engineering

students to carry out postgraduate studies at one of Europe’s most prestigious aeronautical engineering establishments, ISAE in Toulouse, in the south of France. The first students have already graduated and taken up jobs

lar priorities whether it’s the army’s stated need for more sophisticated weapons and armoured vehicles, the navy’s need to ramp up its submarine fleet and the IAF its combat aircraft numbers up to the required minimum Mistral MANPADS firing

within the sector. The future of any country lies in its young people, so these young men and women will be bringing the training and exposure they have gained in Europe back to India to the benefit of the country’s future technical advancement and growth. Given the existential threat posed by India’s two very powerful neighbours, clearly all three services have their own particu-

numbers. Given some of the projects I have outlined above, and from an MBDA point of view, I would very much like to see more advances made towards ‘Make In India’ projects with decisions made sooner so that we can proceed with giving India the industrial and capability boosts that would be so beneficial to both the country’s defence industry sector and to its armed forces.





017 is set to be the year of disruption for the defense industry. Maturing arms markets in the Middle-East and Asia are opening up opportunities for major growth. None more so than in India, where the country overtook both Russia and Saudi Arabia in 2016 to become the world’s fourth largest defense spender. But military organizations will need to be on high alert from an increase in cyber-based attacks and as maintenance drones, augmented reality and 3D printing start to enter the industry. Graham Grose, Global Industry Director of Aerospace &Defense at IFS, predicts the three trends that will impact the A&D arena in 2017.

Information System), a self-diagnostic solution that alerts maintenance engineers as soon as a fault appears. Organizations in the region are not just being judged on the delivery of military capabil-

Performance-based logisticstaking off in the Middle-East and Asia-Pac

ity and the completion of operations any more, but on cost effectiveness too. This comes at a time when many defense organizations are undergoing significant structural transformation as forces continue to mature. As a result, armed forces are expected to look a step beyond simple spare parts management and logisticsinto higher efficiency and availability in 2017. We’re already seeing such deals in India, withthe acquisition of 36 Dassault Rafale fighters. Under the performance-based logistics contract, Dassault will ensure a minimum availability of 75 percent for the jets at all times.

In 2017, I expect performancebased logistics (PBL),will deliver huge changes and opportunities for the rapidly growing MiddleEast and Asia-Pacific defense markets – including India. Previously, OEMs would sell or lease aircraft to the military,who would take control and maintain the asset themselves. With PBL, there is much more emphasis on working at the asset itself, but software providersare being helped by new opportunities provided by the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT-enabled sensors allow for the recording of data in real-time as the asset is still in use and alert engineers on the ground who can prepare for repair work. We’re already there with the F-35. All versions of the fifth-generation fighter include ALIS (Autonomic Logistics

Consumer technologies transforming military maintenance –Augmented reality and maintenance drones

Augmented reality will come to the fore to drastically improve the time and efficiency of maintenance tasks. The Indian augmented and virtual reality market is set to grow at CAGR 55% until 2021, driven in part by the

expert located anywhere in the world and in real-time. Images sent fromsmartglasses or mobile devices can be sent to an expert who can project information back to the engineer for realtime demonstration, helping improve first-time fix rates and decrease the chances of human error. The use of drones for maintenance inspections will also start to take off. The UK Royal Navy is using drones to scan Navy vessels for damage. Due to the size and area of naval ships, inspections now take hours rather than days, with fewer people involved and can even be done while atsea. In the future, we may even see automated maintenance drones than can pick up on faults or damage and do the repairs themselves without the control of an engineer. Trials of autonomous maintenance drones are already happening in the oil and gas industry, so it won’t be long until this idea becomes a reality in defense.

use of the technology in defense aircraft. Companies such as XM Reality have designed a military version of their augmented reality solution for the Swedish Defense Materiel Administration (FMV) because of the increased efficiency the technology offered organizations in other industries. The approach allows for twoway communications between an engineer and a maintenance

Physical and digital disruption will shake up the defense industry

3D printing: 3D printing will become a huge disruptor in 2017. The A&D sector is set to become one of the biggest contributors to 3D printing’s global revenues, predicted to reach a mammoth $1.4 billion by 2019. GE recently invested $200 million in a 3D printing factory in India to produce jet engine

parts. This development will completely reshape the relationship between contractors and manufacturers. Currently, all branches of defense organizations rely on the commercial industry for spare parts and materials. But it won’t be long until the military starts to produce its own. Tier 2/3 suppliers will need to jump on the 3D bandwagon fast, or risk losing business. Rising tide of cyber-attacks: Investment in cyber security is growing, with research forecasting $1 trillion will be spent globally on projects in the next 5 years, driven by an increase in attacks and security concerns. But despite increasing investment, traditional security strategies have struggled to defend against sophisticated cyber-attacks and protect valuable data, made worse by legacy systems and basic security tools. Look out in 2017 for a new breed of cybersecurity solutions that offera forward-looking and holistic approach, with a better view of entire security operations to monitor and react to attacks, and where to focus resources to maximize security while attaining business goals. Modernization key for Indian defense market: The Indian defense sector looks set to have a bright future. Strong economic growthhas fueled the country’s defense industry, but in 2017 Indian A&D organizations should make it a priority to modernize current military systems in order to take full advantage of new technologies and defend themselves against sophisticated attacks. — Graham Grose

IMMEDIATE ACTION PLAN TO MOVE FORWARD Raise the FDI limit and drop subjective conditions like ‘modern technology’. Even ‘not-so-modern’ technology related to say, firearms, ammunition or body armour that can find buyers in the Indian or global market should be welcomed


iven the emerging geopolitical situation, India needs a modern armed force with deep-strike capability on land, sea and air; and the ability to withstand and repulse unconventional attacks involving cyber, space, urban warfare and nuclear-biological-chemical weapons. Nearly 70 per cent of India’s defence equipment is imported. The balance 30 per cent produced locally also uses imported components. Given that nearly 50 percent of our defence equipment is nearly obsolete, large-scale imports is neither affordable nor advisable. The NDA government picked up defence as one of the core focus areas for it’s much publicised 'Make in India' program, but that has remained a lofty slogan. PM Narendra Modi brought in a clean, decisive and workaholic person from Goa to head the Ministry of Defence (MoD), but he has struggled to beat decades of lethargy and risk-averseness there. The revised Defence Procurement Policy (DPP) took forever to be released. Many items were taken off the defence license list and FDI norms were simplified, yet indigenous manufacturing is yet to see the jump that was expected. While the Defence Acquisi-

tion Council (DAC) has been proactive in approving many long-pending procurement programs, not all have converted into actual orders, hurting industry sentiments and the forces' morale. Many technologies get obsolete or costly by the time MoD selects the supplier. Defence manufacturing is a nascent industry in India and would require sustained support from government for the next decade before we can develop economies of scale, skill sets and create enough funds in private sector for investment in research. Some of the decisive actions required are as follows. Reduce procurement timelines: In most developed economies the average time taken from formulating requirements to signing contract for defence procurement is around 3-4 years, since in most cases the number of suppliers are just 2-4. In India the timelines are around 7-8 years and even then the program may be abruptly called off as in the case of the MMRCA. We need to reduce the timelines for procurement to four years or below. Raise FDI limit in defence to 100%: Raise the FDI limit and drop subjective conditions like ‘modern technology’. Even ‘not-so-modern’ technology related to say, firearms,

ammunition or body armour that can find buyers in the Indian or global market should be welcomed. We can become selective and restrictive say, 8-10 years down the line. Far more sensitive sectors like power, telecom and financial services have been opened up to 100% FDI. The nation can be brought to a standstill if any of these afore-mentioned services are crippled. Improve offset discharge: Offset policy needs a complete overhaul, wherein we need to apply an outcome based approach. The government can come out with a list of areas, technologies, products, skills that need investment and measure the outcome, rather than the value of the offset contract. How the OEM discharges it, whether through its Tier 1 or Tier 2 supplier and to what extent should not be a concern. The overall responsibility needs to be fixed at the OEM’s level, with a freedom to invest in the areas pre-defined by MoD. The defence offset management wing (DOMW) needs to be further strengthened and encouraged to become a bit more industry-friendly. Industry feedback on DOMW is not very encouraging. Promote defence exports: Defence manufacturing

is a capital and technology intensive domain. In order to justify their investments, Indian and global players investing in India’s defence sector will be keen to look at the global supply chain. Government should come out with a clear policy on defence exports where OEMs and their group companies will be encouraged to source products from India. It is quite ambiguous at the moment. Privatise the Defence PSUs (DPSU): DPSUs should follow the global model of OEMs wherein they become system integrators and develop a strong supply chain with private sector suppliers. The private sector, which has the wherewithal to attract the best engineering and scientific talent has hitherto been kept away by the DPSUs due to misplaced distrust or insecurity or both. This should end. Over the next ten years, all DPSUs need to be privatised to enhance competition and the productivity of their employees. This is the model followed in most western countries. Select 'strategic partners' fast: The concept of strategic partners will encourage large private sector players to commit to long-term investments in defence manufacturing against an assured order book. It's the same in the case of

large-scale infrastructure projects like power, highways, ports and airports where the contract runs from 40 to 99 years. MoD should select strategic partners for at least three large scale procurement programs by the end of 2017, to impart credibility. Engage consulting firms to speed up procurement: MoD should consider engaging consulting firms with requisite knowledge in defence manufacturing, supply chain, procurement and contract negotiations, etc. Leading countries like UK, Australia, Canada, Germany, etc, have done this for decades, with significant benefits. The consultants would work under the overall supervision of the MoD and will be subject to significant checks and balances. India's defence preparedness, technological superiority and procurement speed need a significant makeover. It is more a battle against outdated mindsets than financial or operational challenges. The time to start is now. — Amber Dubey, Partner and India Head of Aerospace and Defence at global consultancy KPMG. He was assisted by Manuj Jain, Manager, Aerospace and Defence, KPMG in India. Views are personal



“BEL is highly geared up to meet the expectations of 'Make in India' program by enhancing its manufacturing facilities” M V GOWTAMA, Chairman & Managing Director, BEL Akash missile has been successfully produced and inducted into the IAF and BEL is a lead integrator of the missile system. Please tell our readers the success story of how you created the supply chain for this missile system. Akash is a great success story and the best example of the Indigenous Design Development and Manufacturing drive. Almost 92% of the total inputs are sourced within India. Akash is the first indigenously developed air defence missile system in our country, realised by DRDO with support from BEL, BDL & Private Industry. Akash is a role model for Public-Private Partnership. It is a massive, stateof-the-art missile system, which has been realised through professional project management spearheaded by BEL. While the Radars, Control Centres, Simulators, associated maintenance vehicles and the integrated software for the System are supplied by BEL, the missiles are from BDL, Squadron Control Centre is from ECIL and the Launchers are supplied by Tata Power SED and L&T. There are around 500 vendors, out of which 108 are MSMEs. BEL with nine Strategic Business Units (SBUs) in its Bengaluru plant and others in eight more Units across India, sourced many systems/sub-systems for Akash from various SBUs specialising in particular segment of the company’s product portfolio. The three level R&D structure and CMMi Level 5 certified Software Development Centre of BEL have significantly helped in overcoming many critical sourcing problems at critical phases of the project. BEL is also assisted by its overseas offices in US and Singapore for sourcing imported components. BEL needs to provide Product Support to the User for a minimum of 20 years, hence there is lifetime dependency on the Vendor Partners Hence stakeholder management is of vital importance in the Management of System of Systems. In most cases, only DRDO-developed single vendors are recommended. Significant efforts have been made by BEL for establishing alternate vendors jointly with DRDO. Establishing alternate vendors as part of project risk management is an involved

process with qualification/approvals from DRDO and Quality Assurance Agencies. Ultimately Win-Win partnership mode only survives the life cycle. With the Weapon System expertise gained in Akash, BEL is geared up for futuristic programmes like the Quick Response Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM), Medium Range SAM (MRSAM), Long Range SAM, Akash–NG, etc and can execute them as turnkey projects. BEL is already nominated as a Lead System Integrator for the realisation of QR SAM Programme. The supply chain created for Akash will get benefited through these programmes.

search and rescue operations.

In mid 2016, BEL has delivered new EOIR payloads for the Dhruv ALH to the IAF. What is the importance of this equipment and how do you think this could be exploited on board the Dhruv?

Please share with our readers the contribution of each of your manufacturing facilities in the field of aviation, particularly how they are enabling the Indian Air Force's performance.

BEL has been supplying EOIR payload to ALH MK-III (Dhruv) and ALH MK-IV (Rudra) since November 2014. BEL is also supplying EOIR payload to IAF Mi 17 V5 Helicopter from March 2016. The EOIR payload called CoMPASS (Compact Multi Purpose Advanced Stabilized System) is a day and night surveillance system that includes a Colour TV Daylight Camera, 3rd generation IR sensor, Laser Target Designator and Range Finder (LTDRF). It has automatic tracking capabilities, as well as command and control capabilities. It is distinguished by a wide variety of interfaces, enabling integration with various aircraft systems, such as Mission Computer, fire control, radar, GPS, data downlink and helmet-mounted tracking systems. The importance of the EOIR payload is that the following can be done using the EOIR payload by the pilots and crew: day and night stabilized Line of Sight (LOS) observation with capabilities of target detection, recognition and identification in various weather conditions; automatic and manual tracking of air, marine and ground targets; enemy target designation and range measuring; fire control as EOIR payload is part of Helicopter Fire Control System; relaying of LOS information to the ground station for targeting use and in

BEL has manufacturing Units at 9 locations pan India. Seven of our Strategic Business Units are certified for AS9100 Rev C Aerospace standard .The facilities for manufacturing of avionics products are also spread across our different units as follows: Our Unit at Bengaluru has been instrumental in engineering, manufacturing and supply of products like Radar Warning Receiver, Avionics Package Components, e.g. Digital Flight Control Computer, Air Data Computer, Function Sensor Display Unit, Stores Interface Box, Pylon Interface Box, etc in large numbers to HAL/Indian Air Force. For the current programs of LCA and upgrade programs of MiG 29 and Jaguar, BEL has been nominated as the production partner for the EW suite. Presently, BEL is also exploring both indigenous development options/Collaboration with foreign partners for servicing the EW suite requirement of various other Air/Helicopter Platforms. BEL is involved in the development of payloads for RUSTAM UAV along with DRDO and other similar programs. Our Ghaziabad Unit is involved in supplying the IFF Mk IX (Identification Friend and Foe) systems for Boeing aircraft for the Navy. It is developing the IFF Mk XII systems which will be

Please provide the details of implementation of the radar integration project for the IAF that BEL had signed up in October 2015. What progress has been made and what are the advantages of this project for the IAF? The radar integration project undertaken by BEL has big challenges as it has to provide pan India air coverage for the IAF. This project is being handled by the NCS SBU of BEL-Ghaziabad in close co-ordination with scientists of Central Research Laboratory, Ghaziabad, and is progressing well. This will be completed as per the schedule.

used in all military aircraft. The manufacturing Unit at Panchkula has developed Head Up Display (HUD) systems for LCA and HJT in association with CSIO. It has also designed the Night Flying system for LCA (AF) and LCA (N) which aids in both internal and external illumination of aircraft. These are being supplied to LCA of the Air Force. In future, the Unit plans to manufacture products like Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS) for helicopters and aircraft, LED based Taxi/Landing lights, Aircraft Navigation Lights for LCA and Su 30 aircraft. Our Chennai Unit manufactures the Compact Multipurpose Advanced Stabilised Platform (CoMPASS), which is a highly stabilized, multi-sensor, electro-optical payload having EO elements like thermal imager, colour TV camera, laser range finder/designator. Till now the Unit has supplied these systems for ALH and Mi 17 platforms.

What has been BEL's contribution regarding defence exports of India and could you please give us a glimpse of some of your existing export orders? Also, what has been your performance with respect to the 7 per cent turnover from exports that was targeted by FY-2019? The present government is encouraging defence exports through many policy initiatives. The government is looking for $2 Billion exports in a couple of years. India’s defence exports from financial year 2014-15 of `994 crore increased to more than `1500 crore in the financial year 2015-16 with focused efforts from Indian Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and the private sector companies. Out of `1500 Crores, BEL has contributed more than `450 crore (USD 85 mn) in defence exports. BEL has identified various market segments and prepared a plan for export of products and services. BEL is also focusing on the opportunities generated in the business segment of offset obligations. In addition to the above, BEL is highly geared up to meet the expectations of ‘Make in India’ program of the Government of India by enhancing its manufacturing and product de-

Reutech introduces full SDR communication system solution


eutech Communications is launching an export version of its tactical communication system, specifically aimed at clients requiring a flexible tactical communications system with complete COMSEC and TRANSEC autonomy. This software defined digital network enables the military user to connect his C2

systems, sensors, weapons and intelligence together seamlessly across the battlefield by means of its tactical data link system. Integration is easy through the standard Ethernet ports. COMSEC is ensured through a range of encryption options, ranging from a standard Reutech crypto module to a fully user-defined and implemented module. The

latter approach ensures full autonomy and eliminates the risk of “hidden trapdoor” code for the user. TRANSEC is secured through a variety of frequency agile techniques, including frequency hopping and frequency spreading modes that can work with or independent of GPS . The data link is based on well proven network methodology and allows the end-user to define his own message content (with

computerised design tools) and even offers a translation module between different application protocols (so that the system applications can be used off-the-shelf). This flexibility in system design is also evident in the multitude of options available to the end-user to customise the radio waveforms per channels to meet specific mission needs. The product family consists of a wide variety of vehicle and man-portable radios (HF, VHF,

velopment facilities. BEL is supplying Naval products, Avionic products, Communication equipment, products on ‘Built to Print’ basis, etc to various global customers. As on January 1, 2017, BEL has exports orders on hand worth USD 105 million. Out of these, the major export orders are from global customers from USA, Switzerland, SEZs, Israel, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Maldives. BEL has achieved exports of USD 85.07 Million in the financial year 2015-16, registering a growth of 47% over the previous year’s export turnover. The export sales to the total sales turnover ratio for the financial year 2015-16 was 7.3 % and the long term export plan of BEL is to reach 10% of total turnover in a couple of years. For achieving this target, BEL has made a long term plan to market its products and services in a highly focused manner to different countries / customers including discussion with Ministry of External Affairs, India, on a regular basis for supply of identified products and services to friendly countries.

What has been your experience in joint ventures with foreign companies? Could you please share details of this JV performance? Are you looking at the possibility of tie-ups in the near future with any foreign entities? BEL has two Joint Venture companies – one with General Electric, USA, and the other with Thales, France. The JVC with GE, GE-BE Pvt Ltd, manufactures medical equipment like CT Max and X-ray tubes and recorded a turnover of `79.5 crores in the year 2015-16. BEL has 74% holding in the JVC with Thales, BELThales Systems Ltd. This JVC is involved in the design, development, marketing and supply of civilian and select defence radars for the Indian and global market. This JV is jointly developing Multi Target Tracking Radar. BEL is looking for similar Joint Venture partnerships with reputed companies having complementary strengths in technology to address emerging new business. The company is also in the process of forming a Special Purpose Company with Rolta to address the Battlefield Management System program.

VISIT AT C-2.14 V/UHF and soldier intercom), a tactical communications management system (that includes layered frequency planning, fill management, asset and configuration tracking for software, crypto and fill version control, radio management and network status), IVCS, satcom access and a logistic support system. In addition, transfer of technology packages can be made available, ranging from module replacement to incountry manufacturing.



ISRAEL AEROSPACE INDUSTRIES DISPLAYS VARIETY OF SYSTEMS AT AERO INDIA 2017 “India is one of IAI's leading markets. This important market is characterized by long-term collaboration, joint development and production, technology transfer and technical support over many years. We are working to continue to maintain this status in the future, despite growing competition. The excellent reputation that IAI has earned among its Indian customers is vitally important to continuing this tradition of successful cooperation.”

JOSEPH WEISS, President and CEO, IAI


srael Aerospace Industries (IAI) at Aero India 2017 expects to expand collaboration with local leading companies to integrate strategic state-of-the-art systems for the Indian MOD, in a number of areas; and in accordance with the Indian Government’s ‘Make in India’ policy. These collaborations are a direct continuation of IAI’s business deals in India which totaled some $0.5 billion in 2016. IAI has been working with the Indian defense industries and armed forces for the past 25 years, as part of strategic collaboration in many fields. The company collaborates with local companies and works with India's defense agencies, as well as the Coast Guard, Navy, Air Force and Army. Joint development projects include the Barak 8 Air defense system, in both its

maritime and land-based versions; mission aircraft; various radar systems; and UAVs. Collaboration agreements are based on transfer of technology for the benefit of local production as part of the Indian Government’s policy of 'Make in India.' Joseph Weiss, IAI's President and CEO said: “India is one of IAI's leading markets. This important market is characterized by long-term collaboration, joint development and production, technology transfer and technical support over many years. We are working to continue to maintain this status in the future, despite growing competition. The excellent reputation that IAI has earned among its Indian customers is vitally important to continuing this tradition of successful cooperation.” At the exhibition, IAI will

ADA-Anti-GPS Jamming System

present a wide variety of strategic defense systems with an emphasis on MRSAM/LRSAM, in the loitering-munition category, featuring the lowcost Green Dragon, HARPY

NG, HAROP, and for the first time in India –"Rotem" MultiRotor Loitering Munitions. Moreover, a wide variety of unmanned aerial vehicles are on display Including the

Heron Family and the Bird Eye STUAS, which enable a wide variety of intelligence gathering capabilities in various spheres of activity. IAI is also exhibiting strategic radar systems, satellite communication systems, electro-optical systems using High Definition technology (M19HD, MOSP3000HD and MINI-POP) - modular systems for command and surveillance that are compact, with stabilized gyros for night and day observation at a competitive price. In addition, IAI present’s a variety of mission aircraft for intelligence missions, aerial control and naval surveillance on different platforms, such as AEW&C (Airborne Early Warning and Control), ELW 2090, and the B767MMTT - an aerial refueling aircraft. IAI will also present’s its advanced capabilities in the field of cyber.

Interoperability prevails here.

At Rockwell Collins, we deliver secure, networked communication that military forces around the world rely

Enhanced situational awareness

on for greater situational awareness. In the face of rapid technological advancements and limited bandwidths,

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any domain. Give your forces the power to connect. Visit us at Aero India 2017, hall E, stand 3.39. © 2017 Rockwell Collins. All rights reserved.

RC_Interop India Ad_half page_Geoplitics_AeroIndia_Day1.indd 1

1/30/17 1:02 PM



“GE has enjoyed a proud and prominent presence in India since 1902. GE employees more than 18,500 persons, has 21 manufacturing sites and five technology centers” JEFF MOLL VP, International Business Development, Military Systems Operation, GE Aviation Could you provide some perspective on GE Aviation’s military footprint? Today, there are more than 26,000 GE engines powering military aircraft in operation globally. More significantly, these engines have retained their relevance around the world and are poised for even greater growth. GE engines have been the “power of choice” in recent selections such as the F/A-18 Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler for Australia, the Gripen E for Sweden and Brazil, the Korean KF-X and the F-16 for Oman. What do you see as the relevance to India? GE’s extensive portfolio of engines provides India the right option to address current and future needs. Already, GE engines have been selected by India to power the indigenous LCA Mk1, LCA Mk1A and LCA Mk 2 aircraft. Powered by the F404-IN20, the LCA MK1 entered squadron service with the Indian Air Force (IAF) in 2016. With respect to sustainment, an “I”

level facility has been built at an IAF base in Sulur and we are in discussions for a “D” level support facility in India. These efforts require a sophisticated level of expertise to manage the incredible amount of technical and program complexities involved with respect to performance, schedule, risk and many other aspects of aircraft and engine integration. GE has undertaken 15 engine/ aircraft integration programs alone on the F404/F414 family, and we are ready and well-equipped to take on the challenge with India for the next generation AMCA indigenous fighter. What are some of the noteworthy technical breakthroughs on the F414? By Incorporating revolutionary technologies such as blade-and-disk configurations -- or “Blisks” --with other weight saving technologies, the overall thrust to weight ratio of the F414 was increased to the 9:1 class. In addition, a Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) was

introduced to refine control of critical engine parameters. We have also written the book on modern maintenance philosophy. The F414 is constructed of six modules, all of which are fully interchangeable to provide highly-flexible maintenance concepts so customers can implement the plan that is most advantageous to their unique needs. What future initiatives are underway for the F414? Historically, combat aircraft have all required an increase in thrust at least once during their lifespan, so all GE engines are built with a “Multi-Generation” approach in mind. The F414 remains on a solid course of growth, with the latest effort centering on an “Enhanced Engine” variant. Benefits of this engine include thrust growth of up to 20%, fuel burn reduction of 1-2%, increased bleed and horsepower extraction to support additional aircraft requirements, and improved reliability and durability for

fewer shop visits. Could you provide a capsule summary of the F110? The F110 traces its technical roots to with the F101GE-102, which was selected to power the B-1B Lancer bomber. The F101 core was so successful that engines derived from it have accumulated more than 600 million flight hours of experience. The core of the most successful engine in history, the CFM56 with over 30,000 engines delivered, was derived from the F101 core. The initial F110-GE-100 features the F101 core and was used as the technical basis for the F110-GE-129 and F110-GE-132 derivatives. This family proudly delivers the most reliable power for the F-15, F-16and F-2 fighter aircraft. With all the design benefits and technology that the F110 brings to combat aircraft, it is no surprise that more than 3,100 engines have been ordered by 13 countries and that since it has been

ASRAAM THE MOST MODERN AIR-TO-AIR MISSILE A SRAAM is the most modern air-to-air missile designed to dominate the Within Visual Range combat mission. The concept behind ASRAAM is to give the pilot the ability to engage the enemy, fire and get away without risking himself or his aircraft in a dogfight. ASRAAM’s unique capabilities enable it to defeat all short-range missiles, existing or planned, in close-in combat. The missile system performance is attributed to a revolutionary design concept and state-of-the-art technology providing fast reaction time from button press to end game performance and giving ASRAAM the highest speed of any short-range missile. ASRAAM’s high speed is achieved by means of a combination of low drag and rocket motor size. By using a 166mm (6.5ins) diameter motor, compared with other missiles which use a 127mm (5ins) motor, ASRAAM has more propellant and can maintain a high speed throughout its flight time. Designed to out manoeuvre target aircraft in within visual range engagements and to allow launch at high off-boresight angles during such engagements; ASRAAM is a highly agile missile. The exceptional manoeuvrability

is provided by a sophisticated of targets in the forward control system using innovahemisphere, the “lock betive body lift technology coufore launch” capability is pled with tail control. used. ASRAAM provides the • Engagement of targets bepilot with the ability to effecyond the seeker acquisition tively engage targets from gun range is made possible usrange to near Beyond Visual ing the “lock after launch” Range. The pilot can identify capability with target data the threat passively and cue provided by the aircraft the missile using a Helmet sensors or a third party. Mounted Display, Infra-Red • For close-in combat the Search and Track (IRST) ASRAAM or radar, or it can be cued using third party targeting. The missile imaging infrared seeker allows ASRAAM to fly out to the target passively. ASRAAM’s maximum range is uncontested, and no other shortrange air-to-air missile comes near to this capability, providing the ability to passively aircraft sensors can give home beyond the limits of vitarget positional data to sual range and well into the the missile beyond the realm traditionally thought of seeker off-boresight limas Beyond Visual Range. its of +/- 90 degrees. This ASRAAM can be employed gives the pilot the additionin 3 ways: al ability to fire an “overthe-shoulder” shot using • For normal engagements

available, 70% of F-16 selected are powered by the F110. Could you discuss GE’s current and future presence in India? GE has enjoyed a proud and prominent presence in India since 1902. GE employees more than 18,500 persons, has 21 manufacturing sites and five technology centers. With respect to Aviation specifically, the Jack F Welch Technology Centre (JFWTC) in Bengaluru has a dedicated Aviation group of over 700 engineers who are actively involved in the design of our Aviation engines. On the manufacturing front, our GE Multi Modal Manufacturing facility in Pune manufactures tubes, brackets and manifolds for our engine programs. We look forward to the opportunity to continue to grow in and with India. ‘Make in India’ is a mantra that aligns well with GE’s vision. Already, we design and manufacture in India and we are eager to expand and accelerate our presence in helping expand the Indian aviation ecosystem.


the “lock after launch” capability of the missile. In this scenario, the pilot can locate targets behind the aircraft using, for example, the Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) or third party targeting. In this case the missile will launch and fly onto the vector provided by the aircraft, and the seeker will acquire the target, engage and destroy it. ASRAAM’s advanced Imaging Infra-Red (IIR) seeker provides the missile with a significant target acquisition capability, even in highly cluttered environments. Missile firings have demonstrated ASRAAM’s ability to engage a target in the most severe clutter and countermeasures environment. The missile is software based, allowing for future upgrades. ASRAAM is a raillaunched missile, compatible with any aircraft currently carrying Sidewinder or AMRAAM.

Programme status ASRAAM was developed under a UK MOD contract to equip the RAF Tornado and Eurofighter Typhoon combat aircraft. This weapon system will also be fitted to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter for the UK RAF and Royal Navy. The Royal Australian Air Force also operates ASRAAM on their F/A-18 Hornet aircraft. The Hornet is the first American-built fighter to be equipped with a European air-to-air missile. The missile system entered service with the UK RAF in September 2002 and with the Australian RAAF in 2004. ASRAAM saw operational service with the RAF during the Gulf conflict in 2003 and is currently deployed on the RAF Typhoon and GR4 as part of Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR. At the end of 2008, the RAAF successfully carried out an inservice “Lock After Launch” firing of ASRAAM at a target located behind the wing-line of the F/A-18 “shooter”. The target was hit by direct impact and the exercise marked a world first for an infra-red guided missile. In 2016, MBDA received a production order to provide ASRAAM for the UK RAF’s future fleet of F35s. ASRAAM has been selected for the Indian Air Force’s Jaguar upgrade programme.




oitering Munitions (LM) evolved in Israel since the mid-1970s, based on operational lessons during the Yom Kippur War, where Israel failed to achieve sufficient air superiority over enemy air defences. In the years that followed the 1973 war, the Israeli defence establishment encouraged industry research and development in unmanned and autonomous capabilities for the Suppression and Destruction of Enemy Air Defences (SEAD/DEAD), measures that paved the way for manned aircraft to strike those Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) sites. The HARPY ‘suicide drone’

conceived in the mid-1980s was one of these solutions developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Missile Division. HARPYcomprised of swarms of autonomous aerial platforms equipped with a radarseeker and warhead. HARPYs could loiter for hours at high altitude inside a SAM- Defended Area and,once a threat radar became active, HARPY rapidlyengaged that radar, steeply diving to hit the radar with devastating effect. Evolving through decades of operational service, the HARPY was recently modernizedin two aspects: A new RF seekers offering improved target location,

identification and classification andextended frequency coverage, particularly in the lower frequency bands And B. Utilizing a modern and versatile platform, the system now offers longer loitering, of up to 9hours. Its unique autonomous capabilities and ground based operability, turn HARPY into a disruptive capability against land-based adversary Anti-Access/Access Denial assets. To excel as multi-mission combat system, IAI evolved its autonomous LM to be remotely operated, conducting reconnaissance and surveillance missions with the ability to attack targets immediately as they are detected. For such missions, ‘Man in The Loop’ control was first introduced with the HAROP – aloitering platform powerful enough to carry a sophisticated multisensor EOpayload, large warhead, datalink and enough fuel for a 9-hour mission.Sharing a common platform with HARPY NG, HAROP delivers imagery intelligence in real-time over a two-way datalink. Once a target is detected by the operator, from distances hundreds of kilometres away, HAROP is commanded to attack, dives in on the designated target and activates its large warhead. The approach azimuth, as well as the dive angle is selectable by the operator, to suit various operational scenarios. At the Aero India exhibition, IAI is displaying a new member of its LM family – the smaller and

MISSILE DEFENCE SYSTEM “Tata Power SED can deliver an entire Missile Defence System by leveraging its capability in end-to-end Systems engineering of the Solution with complete life cycle support. In fact, we are already partners with MoD on three Missile programs and carry the experience, acumen and credentials from such an association”


lighter ‘Green Dragon’. This tube/canister-launched drone is designed for the battalion and brigade lebelas an affordable, compact,electrically powered LMthat weighs only 15kg (about tenth of the weight ofan armed HAROP). Like its bigger brother Green Dragon uses a small EO payloadfor a seeker. Its warhead weighs only 2.5 kg., but despite its small size, it is highly useful against most tactical targets.Green Dragon can loiter for 1.5 hours at adistance of 40 km from the control point. The launchtubes that can be carried in a backpack, or stack on vehicular launchers, in groups 12-18 launchers. Unlike the HAROP that relies on a mobile shelter for control, GreenDragon uses a hardened tablet computer to control the entire mission, maintaining a singleunit conducting surveil-

lance and attack. The operator can designate and attack the target as they appear on the tablet screen, or abort the attack any time before impact, through a built-in “abort and circle” capability, designed to prevent collateral damage or mistaken targeting. A smaller LM from IAI is the ROTEM, designed specifically for the platoon level for warfare in complex terrain and urban areas. It employs a folding multirotor as a platform, multiple imaging and IR cameras for sensors, and multiple acoustic transducersto detectand avoid obstacle,and safely manoeuver narrow urban streets or dense vegetation. Its payload bay holds enough space to carry warhead of one kilogram or extra batteries, extending the mission endurance from 30 to 45 minutes. It is operated by a single soldier using simple point and click commands on a tablet controller, similar to the one operating the Green Dragon. Boaz Levi, IAI Corporate Vice President and General Manager of the Systems, Missiles & Space Group said: "IAI is introducing two new Loitering Munitions, intended to refresh, update and complement our already successful family of LMs. The new tactical products serve to bolster the abilities of small tactical infantry, Special Opsand marine units, with a special emphasis on solving operational problems in urban areas."





n its 100 years of aerospace leadership, Boeing has strategically invested to add to its global scale and depth by looking primarily at capability, productivity, quality and market potential. India offers tremendous advantages in all these areas, which makes it a natural strategic partner to Boeing for the long term. Over the last seven decades, Boeing has remained committed to expanding its presence, partnerships and investments in the Indian aero-

space and defense sector while delivering on promises made. When Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Make in India program, Boeing welcomed his vision andaccelerated its pace of investments in manufacturing, skill development and engineering footprint in India to forge the way towards building a strong and indigenous ecosystem, in support of ‘Make in India’. Boeing’s sourcing from India has doubled in recent years and now stands close to half a billion dollars a year. Some

of the most advanced aircraft components like the fuselage of the Chinook helicopter, floor beams for the 787-9 and 787-10 Dreamliner and titanium forgings for the 737 and 777X come from Boeing’s supply chain in India, comprising more than 30 direct and 120 indirect suppliers. (See sidebar). In addition, in the past five years, Boeing has been instrumental in enhancing and modernizing India’s defense capabilities with the C-17 strategic airlifter, P-8I maritime

reconnaissance aircraft, Harpoon missiles, and the soon to be delivered - Chinook heavy lift and Apache attack helicopters. F/A-18 Super Hornet for India: Factory of the Future Looking ahead, the F/A-18 Super Hornet offers an unmatched opportunity for Make in India. Boeing is prepared to bring its global scale and supply chain, its best-in-industry precision manufacturing processes, as well as the company’s unrivaled experi-

ence designing and optimizing aerospace production facilities to bear in both expanding India’s aerospace ecosystem and in serving as a bridge to the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA). The Super Hornet – with more composite content than its competitors – is in fact uniquely well positioned in India’s path to AMCA. “We understand the Indian Air Force has a need for additional twin engine aircraft as the Indian Air Force (IAF)

retires its Jaguars, MIG and Mirage aircraft,” said Thom Breckenridge, Vice President, Global Sales – India, Defense, Space& Security. “We likewise understand there is a need at the Indian Navy as well. We are having ongoing discussion with the IAF, Indian Navy and India’s Ministry of Defence on the best way for India to meet its fighter needs while building an indigenous industrial base”. Super Hornet most advanced fighter for India

BOEING DELIVERS ON ITS MAKE IN INDIA PROMISE • Boeing has been working with suppliers in India for decades in manufacturing, IT and engineering services. • Boeing currently works with 30 direct and 120 indirect suppliers to provide parts and assemblies covering aerostructures, wire harness, composites, forgings, avionics mission systems, and ground support equipment. • Boeing’s supplier network in India is delivering on complex work packages for commercial and defense aircraft such as the 777, 787, P-8, F/A-18, F-15, and CH-47. • November 2015: Boeing and Tata Advanced Systems (TASL) announced a joint venture to manufacture aerospace aerostructures in India and partner on co-development of systems in the future • June 2016: Boeing and TASLlaid the foundation of the new JV facility in

This multi-role superiority aircraft provides operational benefits to India’s existing force structure. For example, every Super Hornet has a buddy refueling capability that can extend time on station, range, and endurance. Additionally, the Super Hornet can provide close and deep air support through the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar targeting data and reliable data links. Furthermore, it’s highly capable across the full mission spectrum and is able to perform virtually every mission in the tactical spectrum for the IAF, including air superiority, day/night strike with precision strike capabilities, fighter escort, close air support, suppression of enemy air defenses, maritime strike, reconnaissance, forward air control and tanker missions. Introduced in 2007, the Super Hornet Block II is the most advanced aircraft of its kind in operation today with designed-in stealth, an AESA radar and many other advanced technologies. Even more, Boeing and the U.S. Navy have laid out and maintained a robust spiral development approach to the Super Hornet that provides updates to the aircraft’s subsystems and software every two years to outpace threats for decades to come. The future insertion of conformal fuel tanks will reduce weight

Hyderabad that will be the sole producer of Boeing AH-64 Apache helicopter fuselages globally. JV is called Tata-Boeing • In 2014, Boeing set up a production line at Dynamatic Technologies to produce ramp and pylon aerostructures for the CH47 Chinook helicopter. • Boeing opened a C-17 Training Center with Mahindra Defence Systems in July 2016 to provide C-17 training services to the Indian Air Force. • Boeing has been working with Tata Advanced Materials, Mahindra Defence Systems,Dynamatic Technologies, Bharat Forge, Bharat Electronics, Tata Advanced Systems, Hindustan Aeronautics, TAL Manufacturing Solutions, RossellTechsys, Sasmos and other companies, illustrating the varied aerospace capabilities that Boeing is helping build in its Indian supply-chain.

and drag while expanding range of the Super Hornet. As part of this development path, the enhanced GE 414 engine offers an opportunity for collaboration with Indian firms to usein the LCA and future AMCA. The Super Hornet is a twin-engine aircraft that provides a margin of safety that does not exist in a single-engine platform. A single-engine aircraft is likely lost due to engine malfunctions or loss of thrustwhile a twin-engine platform can lose an engine and still safely return to the nearest base. Boeing’s active production line and robust supply chain allow the company to offer the most affordable platform. The Super Hornet is not only less expensive to acquire, but it also costs less per flight hour to operate than any other tactical aircraft in U.S. forces inventory. Ease of maintenance (supportability) results in lower maintenance man-hours per flight hour. Plus, the Super Hornet does not require any scheduled Depot-Level maintenance and the engine does not require any scheduled maintenance between overhauls. With multi-role capabilities, advanced technologies with room to grow and low acquisition and sustainment costs, the Super Hornet is the clear choice for India.

Leader in Indian Aerospace & Defence

The Hindustan Turboprop Trainer-40 (HTT-40) is an initiative under “Make in India� by HAL with an internal funding support. The aircraft took to skies for the maiden sortie at HAL airport, Bengaluru, on June 17, 2016. The indigenous content on HTT-40 is close to 80% and almost 50% of the components on HTT-40 are manufactured by private players of the Indian aerospace ecosystem.




OPINION PAVLO BARBUL Director SFTE “SpetsTechnoExport”


Mission and main tasks The IL-76MD-90A military transport aircraft is designed to airlift troops, cargo, military equipment and weapons, as well as conduct air dropping and air landing of personnel, cargo, military equipment and weapons. The IL-76MD-90A is capable of effectively transporting personnel and cargo, including large-sized ones, and military equipment, airdropping personnel, cargo and military equipment, delivering ammunition, food, fuel, evacuating the wounded and sick people, as well as suppressing and isolating fires. The aircraft takes off and lands on concrete and unpaved runways. The IL-76MD-90A can be converted into ambulance or fire-fighting versions. Airborne equipment The IL-76MD-90A carries modern avionics, including

a new generation integrated f light/sighting/navigation system. Its equipment enables the pilots to fly in any geographic and climatic conditions, day and night, and under normal and adverse weather conditions. Troop-transport equipment Troop-transport equipment of the aircraft includes a lowering cargo ramp, onboard pull winches, electric hoists, ramp extensions, light roller ways with a monorail, a cargo drop system providing single and serial air drops of cargo and equipment platforms, as well as side and removable center seats to carry people. In addition, the cargo compartment can accommodate stretchers for transporting the wounded and sick people, as well as special medical modules for intensive care of critically wounded and spray tanks for fighting fires.

The main advantages

 Multifunction capability (military transport, ambulance and fire-fighting versions)  Intercontinental flight range with payload  Operational suitability for use in any geographical and climatic conditions, day and night, and under normal and adverse weather conditions  High flight safety and maintainability  Unpaved airfield operating capability  Autonomous capability for basing and operation on unprepared airfields (including loading/unloading operations)  Capability to transport heavy military equipment and oversized cargo  Compliance with applicable ICAO navigation, flight safety, noise and emission requirements

FTE “SpetsTechnoExport” is a fully state-run Ukrainian entity focused on three main business dimensions: export and import of modern armament, modernization of military equipment, financing of new technology developments. The company was established by the Government of Ukraine in 1998. From 2010 it is a part the SC Ukroboronprom. For 18 years SFTE “SpetsTechnoExport” has been providing our esteemed Indian partners with qualitative, combat proven solutions, deploying a deep expertise of Ukrainian research and development centers. We gained reputation of a reliable and predictable partner, specializing in commercial support and trade facilitation. Only over the last 10 years more than 700 contracts were signed and completed, amounting to USD 2 billion. They were relating primarily to delivering of spare parts, repair and modernization of the equipment of the Army, Air Force, Navy. What “SpetsTechnoExport” proposes under “Make in India”  Production of a new generation multipurpose transport aircraft for Republic of India, based on idea “One platform – multiple application” (in cooperation with Antonov Company).

SPICE FAMILY: Smart, Precise Impact and Cost-Effective


t Aero India 2017, Rafael Advanced Defence Systems will present SPICE, a family of stand-off, autonomous, air-to-ground weapon systems, capable of hitting and destroying targets with pinpoint accuracy and at high attack volumes. SPICE is combat-proven and in service with the Israeli Air Force and several international customers. SPICE uses state-ofthe art navigation, guidance and homing techniques to achieve the accurate and effective destruction of targets with a CEP of better than 3 meters.

navigation autonomously using its INS/GPS. SPICE homes in accurately and autonomously to the exact target location in the pre-

In the homing phase, the system locates the target using scene-matching technology, and uses the tracker to hit it. As a result

The SPICE family includes:

SPICE-1000 kit for 1000 lb. general purpose or penetration warheads, such as MK-83 and RAP1000, with a stand-off range of 100 kilometers.

Never-Miss Operational Scenario

Mission plan, in the air or on the ground, uses target data (target coordinates, impact angle and azimuth, imagery and topographical data) to create a mission for each target. The pilot allocates a mission to each weapon before release. SPICE is released outside the threatened area, and performs midcourse

steep dive angle for deep penetration. SPICE has day, night and adverse weather capabilities, based on its advanced seeker and scenematching algorithms. SPICE achieves high serviceability with a low life-cycle cost. SPICE simple operation and dedicated Mission Planning System requires only basic aircrew training.

defined impact angle and azimuth. While approaching the target, SPICE unique scene matching algorithm compares the electro - optical image received in real time via the weapon seeker with mission reference intelligence data stored in the weapon computer memory.

of this capability, SPICE can overcome Target Location Error and GPS jamming, and can dramatically reduce collateral damage. As it approaches the target, the SPICE mission profile can be set to a specific attack azimuth and impact angle to suit the selected target profile, such as a

 "SpetsTechnoExport" in cooperation with Ukrainian private companies has developed a number of unmanned aerial systems, which successfully complete its combat missions, living the area of destruction and having restored positioning data under conditions of active radio countermeasures. Also we developed a Tactical unmanned multipurpose vehicle “Fantom”.  Joint modernization and enhancing military capabilities of BMP-2 of the Indian Army.  Joint development and production of guided munitions, our scientific schools provide the highest qualitative, progressive solutions, which could be interesting for Indian partners.  We offer the wide range of solutions for marine reconnaissance based on the different types of sonobuoys. Latest generation of sonobuoys is a modern and efficient measure for antisubmarine warfare or underwater acoustic research.  We offer a joint production of automated frontier secure systems comprising the comprehensive measures for monitoring the air, sea surface and underwater situation. Our systems became a reliable solution for securing the naval bases and important coastal infrastructure objects.

VISIT AT A-2.1A has a standoff range of 100 kilometres. The SPICE-250 is an autonomous weapon with real time target position update capability. SPICE-250 is a unitary munition and can be equipped with either general purpose or penetration warheads. Aircraft increase load-out and wide target set provide the optimal solution for high volume precise strike for the dynamic battlefield. SPICE is easily integrated onto a wide range of single and dual-seated fighter aircraft, and requires no aircraft modifications.

SPICE-2000 kit for 2000 lb. general purpose or penetration warheads, such as MK-84, RAP2000 and BLU109, with a stand-off range of 60 kilometers.

SPICE-250 uses a common aircraft interface and sophisticated Smart Quad Rack (SQR) simplifies the effort needed for aircraft integration. Four SPICE-250 weapons are carried on each SQR.

SPICE-250–the latest addition to the SPICE family. It is a new generation stand-off Precision Guided Munition (PGM). SPICE-250

SPICE-250 can be directly mounted on light attack aircraft store stations, this due to its small size and light weight.



Saab is participating in full strength at Aero India 2017


aab is participating in full strength at Aero India 2017 at Hall C, Stand C2.6-B, and Outdoors at Stand OD6. At the Saab stand, there are dedicated displays and augmented reality exhibits showcasing our key products & systems. We are exhibiting the revolutionary Gripen E, along with our cutting-edge technologies and capabilities in aviation systems, groundbased air defence systems, ground combat systems, electronic warfare and naval systems - solutions that demonstrate our long and successful track record in developing ground-breaking technologies and pioneering innovations. Some of the products on display include:

spective of weather and light conditions, as well as through foliage and camouflage.


Avionics Management System (AMS):

Saab’s Avionics Management System (AMS) is a fully integrated cockpit solution. A family of LCD touch screen displays combined with an open architecture central computing platform hosting Saab’s innovative portfolio of TSO compliant software applications is the foundation of Saab’s cockpit design. It is the first truly open architecture avionics platform enabling design of affordable cockpit with desired functions, performance, and aesthetics.


Mobile Camouflage System (MCS):

Gripen E:

Gripen combines exceptional operational performance, highly advanced net-centric warfare, sensor fusion, unique BVR capability and cost efficiency with true transfer of technology and comprehensive industrial partnership. With Gripen, the Indian Air Force is free to integrate weapons and sensors of its own choosing, removing reliance on any single source or supplier. Weapon Systems on display include the MBDA Meteor, the RBS 15 and Taurus. Also on display is Gripen Maritime, the naval variant of Gripen E. RBS 70 NG VSHORAD:

The new accurate, reliable and flexible RBS 70 NG VSHORAD system with 24/7 all-target capability has been developed for the most challenging combat situations. A new generation integrated sighting system, enhanced gunner aids, high precision, unbeatable range and unjammable laser guidance combine to produce a ground-based air defence system with world-leading capabilities.

systems. RBS15 MK3 Surface to Surface Missile:

With high-speed, longrange and unrivalled flexibility, the RBS15 Mk3 can provide a tactical advantage. It is the latest generation Surface-to-Surface Missile System and perfect as the main antisurface armament. IDAS – Integrated DAS:

Saab's IDAS is an EW system designed to provide self-defence in sophisticated, diverse and dense threat environments. IDAS can be configured to become the high-end system with laser-warning, missile-approachwarning, as well as full multi-spectral detection capability for radar. The system is fully integrated with the BOP-L countermeasures dispenser. Carl-Gustaf M4 Weapon System:

Carl-Gustaf M4 is the lat-


BAMSE SRSAM is a unique unjammable, all-weather Automatic Command-toLine-of-Sight (ACLOS) missile system, one of few systems in the world today that has been developed as a dedicated ground based air defence missile system. It is designed for flexible usage both for stand-alone operation as well as in network with other sensors and weapon


intelligent sighting systems for programmable ammunition. With a wide variety of munitions available, it is a weapon system capable of handling multiple tactical situations, bridging the gap between full scale operations and low intensity conflicts, and providing the modern warfighter with unprecedented flexibility and capability on the battlefield. GlobalEye AEW&C solution:

GlobalEye airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) systems provide air, maritime and ground surveillance in a single solution. GlobalEye combines Saab’s all-new Erieye ER (Extended Range) radar and mission system with the high-end Global 6000 jet aircraft from Bombardier. With the Erieye ER radar, detection and tracking ranges have been significantly increased compared to existing airborne radars. The GlobalEye system can track very low-observable air and sea targets, including ‘stealthy’ aircraft, cruise missiles or submarine periscopes, even in heavy clutter and jamming environments. Carabas Foliage Penetration Radar:

est man-portable shoulder-launched multi-role weapon system designed to provide users with flexible capability and help troops to remain agile in any scenario. Weighing less than 7 kg, it is compatible with future battlefield technology such as

Carabas is designed to enable superior foliage and camouflage penetration (FOPEN) capabilities, wide area surveillance and automatic target detection. The system has a unique ability to detect and pinpoint exact geopositions of potential targets, irre-

Saab’s Mobile Camouflage System provides protection to vehicles while moving and during combat. Available in a range of different versions, the system is composed by a combination of camouflage materials with signature adaptation properties such as visual and near-infrared protection, thermal protection and radar protection. MCS can also be equipped with HeaT Reduction. These solutions protect against hostile sensors and enemy target acquisition, the HeaT Reduction systems also lower the internal temperature of vehicles, thereby extending the endurance of both personnel

and electronic equipment. Ground Combat Indoor Trainer:

Saab’s Ground Combat Indoor Trainer is a modular and scalable system that can be combined in several configurations to cover Small Arms, Anti-Tank Weapons, and Remote Weapon Systems to match customer requirements and objectives. The system features highly realistic weapon replicas, a close-to-real-life virtual environment, high accuracy, and ease of use. C-90 Net: The C-90 system is designed to protect all kinds of vehicles and other military equipment in a static position. The low gloss of the screen prevents revealing glint, and the nearinfrared properties provide full protection against night-vision devices and other related threats. Deployable Aircraft Maintenance Facility: Saab Deployable Aircraft Maintenance Facility combines a First Line Maintenance Hangar for storage, protection and maintenance of the aircraft, Maintenance Containers furnished as workshops and storage facilities and integrated Barracuda multispectral camouflage protection. It is rapidly deployed, enabling flexibility and mobility. The rigid design and compliance with NATO environmental standards facilitates operation in the toughest of climates.


“For the next two years, there will be more investment in test facilities, manufacturing facilities and on R&D projects. These will go a long way in developing Indigenous products and for indigenous manufacture and supply” COL. H. S. SHANKAR CMD Alpha Design Technologies




afael has a long legacy of development of cuttingedge technologies, unique in their capabilities and proven to be game-changers in today's complex battlefield. Starting with air defence, Rafael has developed and manufactured Iron Dome, a combat-proven system designed for interception of short range rockets and mortars. This success has led Rafael to spin its breakthrough technology to be used for protection of naval assets such as ships, rigs, ports, etc., and to this end it has come out with the C-Dome naval air defense system integrated on board ships of different kinds, using the same Iron Dome interceptor, while enabling the use of the ship's existing detection radar. Rafael's SPYDER air defense system is yet another element in Rafael's multi-level air defence concept, using the advanced Python-5 and i-Derby missiles for interception at short and medium ranges. Rafael's portfolio of solutions comes together to ensure quick and effective sensor-to shooter engagement of evasive, real-time threats. At Aero India 2017, Rafael will present the unique SPICE Family of airto-ground guided bombs, including the SPICE-250 for precise hits at ranges of 100 km, using smart navigation and scene-matching technology, and the Spike Family of precise, tactical missiles that can be launched from a variety of platforms to different ranges and missions. Rafael will also present the advanced electro-optical pods


• IRON DOME - Com– Litening 5, now with even bat-Proven active de- Precise, tactical EO missiles: more advanced navigation fense system against • SPIKE FAMILY - Spike LR/ and targeting capabilities Short Range Artillery and the Reccelite XR pod MR, ER, NLOS – Part of Rockets, with more than for optimal surveillance and the wider Spike Family, 1500 combat intercepreconnaissance at larger Spike MR, ER and Spike tions. ranges with improved EO NLOS are airborne, pre• C-DOME - a Naperformance. cise, multi-purpose tactiSpyder-MR Missiles val Defense System For Rafael, India is a cal missiles, for ranges of designed to effectively strategic and significant 4-30 km. protect combat partner. As a global comvessels against a pany, we not only present large set of modcombat proven systems, Iron Dome ern threats, using but can also account for the combat-proven proven partnerships all Iron Dome interover the globe. One of our C-Dome ceptor. strengths lies in our ability for technology and knowledge transfer, which allows Air-to-Air: our partners to produce and • PYTHON-5 supply local systems. We Full sphere air-tohave already partnered with air IR missile and BFL, RELIANCE/PIPAVAV, air defense missile BDL and ASTRA. I would • I-Derby ER – like to emphasize that we Spyder MR launcher 2 Innovative active are seeking to enlarge our radar air-to-air partnerships in India and missile. The miswe are negotiating with sile incorporates the local industry to make the innovative Ithis happen. We maintain Derby software-defined excellent relationship with RF seeker, combined the government offices, the with a unique increase of Aerial EW: DRDO, the forces and the kinematic performance, • LITE SHIELD - Electronic industries and we are lookwith ranges of up to 100 Attack Pod for Close Proing to expand our activities km tection and Escort Jamin India. One of Rafael’s ming goals is to enlarge our ac• SKY SHIELD - EW Suptivities around the globe Air-to-Ground: port Jamming System and especially in India. As • SPICE FAMILY (2000, the Indian Defence Industry 1000, 250) – Family of matures, we look forward stand-off air-to-ground Electro-optics: to establishing global mangliding bombs based on • LITENING 5 - New genReccelite Pod eration navigation and ufacturing hubs for supply Rafael's unique scenetargeting pod featuring of systems abroad. For Ramatching technology for is presenting the following advanced high-resolufael, exploitation of our R&D precise hits at ranges of systems: tion sensors for effective intensive and combat proven up to 100 km. stand-off identification technology for developing Inand targeting. Communication: dian Defence Industry, while Air Defence: addressing the urgent opera- • SPYDER SR/MR – Fam- • BNET SDR FAMILY - • RECCELITE XR – Realtime multi-spectral reily of Short and Medium Broadband MANET IP tional requirements of the connaissance system for Range Air Defense sysSoftware-Defined Radio IAF, is a win- win situation stand-in and stand-off tems using the i-Derby for ground and air applifor all. missions. and Python-5 missiles cations. At Aero India 2017 Rafael

AXON’ INTERCONNECTORS AND WIRES Made-in-India interconnects for aerospace and defense The Axon’ group – with a significant part of its turnover in avionics, space and defense, the company considers this air show as the place-to-be. Aero India represents an excellent opportunity to promote not only the expertise in interconnect solutions of the whole Axon’ group but also its Made-in-India cable assemblies and harnesses. In addition, on 16th February the Indian subsidiary, Axon’ Interconnectors and Wires, will hold the ground-breaking ceremony for its new factory at Devanahalli Aerospace Park in Bengaluru. A large expertise in interconnect solutions Aero India is the ideal forum for Axon’ Interconnectors and Wires, together with its joint venture partner Dhruv Axon’,


to highlight their expertise in cable assemblies for challenging environments. Power distribution in satellites, high frequency interconnects for radar, cable assemblies terminated with micro-D connectors and twist capsules are just a few examples of the challenging interconnect systems Axon’ is able to develop.

Even smaller connectors Crimping onto wires contacts that are just a few millimeters long and less than 1 millimeter in diameter is not that easy! Visitors to the Axon’ stand will be able to see how to crimp Twist Pin contacts - and even try their hand at it! The Twist Pin contact is at the heart of Axon’s extensive


range of Micro-D connectors. The spacing between each contact inserted into the connector is only 1.27 mm - half the distance (double the density) of D-Sub connectors. Axon’ promotes the ‘Make-inIndia’ policy Located in Bengaluru since

2010, Axon’ Interconnectors and Wires produces stateof-the-art wires and cable harnesses using ‘Made in India’ micro-D connectors or indeed any other connectors where specified. Axon’ created a new factory in 2013 but the company, viewing India as a strategic market, has decided to build a new plant at the Devanahalli Aerospace Park close to the international airport in Bengaluru. Axon’ Interconnectors and Wires will construct the factory on 8000 m² of land in 2 steps, 2000 m² by February 2019 and a further 2000 m² by 2021. The expert in interconnect solutions, which currently employs 65 staff, expects to hire between 100 and 200 additional staff by 2021, by which time Axon’ targets an annual turnover of around Euro 5 million.




Pinaka is one of best examples of “Strategic Partnership” model that MoD is currently grappling with. Order for the first two regiments was placed by MoD in 2006 and the Pinaka was inducted in the Indian Army in 2010. Repeat order (two regiments) has been placed in November 2016. The employment potential is close to 700 jobs over two years (by both, L&T and Tata Power SED) only from the Launcher programs when executed. Total 22 Regiments of Pinaka are required and so far only four regiments order has been placed by MoD. This is a ready example (in management parlance, ‘low-hanging fruit’) of the “Strategic Partnership” Model that is being contemplated by MoD. If SP nomination is valid for 2030 years with a commitment to repeat orders, the same principle can be applied to Pinaka procurements. This will also bring a highlight Govt’s intention to bring a confluence of DPSUs and Private sector working on a ‘Made-in-India’ product developed along with DRDO. Akash Missile System for Indian Air Force

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is the Prime Contractor with Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) being the Missile supplier and Tata Power SED and L&T being the launcher suppliers. Akash Missile System is another example of “Strategic Partnership” and according to a case study at

IIM, Ahmedabad, Akash is a (Value `1219 Cr) for modshining example of ‘Make in ernising 30 Air Field of Indian India’ where value addition Air Force. This modernisaand jobs have been created in India. On Akash Launcher revenues the job creation potential is close to 800 jobs (for both L&T and Tata Power SED). If one adds the jobs created on the Missile and Radar portion of the work share, it will be multi-fold as compared to the launch- Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher ers. First Make Category Program by MoD - Project Tactical Communications System (Project TCS)


Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM)

MRSAM is a joint development program between DRDO and IAI, Israel where Indian industry (including DPSUs and Private Sector Companies) is a partner for various systems. Recently, the MRSAM missile was successfully test fired proving the system. Second Make Category Program by MoD - Project Battlefield Management System (Project BMS)

Consortium led by BEL (along with Rolta) and consortium led by Tata BEL and a consortium Power SED (along with of L&T (Lead memL&T) were the two Deber), Tata Power SED velopment Agencies (Co-Lead) and HCL (DAs) down-selected Infosystems Limited by MoD for the develwere the two Developopment phase (Protoment Agencies (DAs) Akash Army Launcher (AAL) type Phase) of Project down-selected by BMS in February 2015. MoD for the developDetailed Project Rement phase (Protoport has been submittype Phase) of Projted and is under disect TCS in June 2012. cussion. DPR discussions were PSO of second concluded with IPMT. Make category proWhile Draft PSO is gram will further under discussion, the strengthen the ‘Make pace is very slow. This in India’ campaign. first Make category Roll - out of two Make program will truly put Programs (TCS and ‘Make in India’ camBMS) in this financial 155mm Mounted Gun System paign in the right oryear will give the necbit. essary impetus to the ‘Make in India’ campaign tion is required to handle Modernisation of Air Field In- the latest class of aircrafts frastructure (MAFI – II): 37 Air (transport as well as fighter). Agni A5 System Fields We have handed over 12 Air India’s Inter Continental BalTata Power SED is currently Fields and the rest will be listic Missile (ICBM) – a real executing the MAFI-I order deep strike weapon against completed by October 2017.

China. Indigenously developed ICBM where the Missile is manufactured by BDL and SED supplies the Ground Systems such as the TCT (Transporter Cum Tilter) Launcher for the 63 tons missile payload. 155mm 52 calibre Mounted Gun System

The weapon system is a 155mm, 52 calibre truck mounted gun-howitzer developed by Tata Power SED. The inherent indirect fire flexibility ensures that it can be employed in the traditional gun howitzer roles. This Mounted Gun System has been pro-actively developed by Tata Power SED keeping in mind the needs of the Indian army. The weapon system has excellent tactical and road strategic mobility and has a range of 600 km without refueling, travelling at speeds of upto 75 km/hr. The ordnance has been optimized for the 52 calibre 155mm ballistic system. The projectiles are the extended range type and provide an increased range and target effectiveness when compared with existing systems. The gun system can fire NATO ammunition (besides other ammunitions). The first Mounted Gun System designed and developed by Tata Power SED has an indigenous content of 51% with the Hydraulic System, Fire control System, Understructure Assembly and the Truck being Indian. This 155/52mm Mounted Gun system has undergone engineering firing at CPE Itarsi.

MKU Giving new lease of life to aircraft and helicopters through lightweight armour


n today’s combat scenario, aircraft and helicopters have become increasingly important to carry out military operations. They are not only employed for combat and anti-terrorist activities, but also to transport supplies to remote military outposts. However, being the mighty machines they are, they are not free of coming upon a broad array of dangers. They are in fact very much prone to terminal attacks through armed fire from militants or enemy forces. It is usually parts such as the belly of the helicopter or aircraft, cockpit and the engine that are most susceptible to attacks. Therefore, aircraft armouring solutions have been crucially important to decrease the susceptibility of the fixed wing and rotary aircrafts and their crew. Without the necessary protection, they can become flying death traps, making armour pro-

tection an absolute necessity. However, armouring an aircraft or a helicopter is not a simple process. It is also equally important to be mindful to have these solutions incorporated in such a way that they are not a hindrance to aircrafts’ performance. However, armours that can actually fight large-calibre anti-aircraft fire or armour piercing ammunitions typically come along with a great weight penalty, which affects the performance and load carrying capacity of the aircraft, among other things. Traditionally, steel used to be the first choice of armour in aircraft. But it came with cost of compromising on load carrying capability due to increased weight of the aircraft. Though, usage of Titanium armour plates in aircrafts balanced the equation by providing necessary structural strength and protection with its lightweight

characteristic. It skewed the economies of scale as it is a very expensive element, and incorporating Titanium across an aircraft becomes a costly proposition. Therefore, handling additional weight becomes a critical factor in designing armour solutions for aircrafts. MKU employs some of the most cutting-edge technologies in achieving mission critical modular protection for helicopters, while keeping the armour weight to the minimum possible. Of all the factors that affect the performance of a helicopter, weight is the most important one, followed by lift, thrust and drag. MKU's 6th Generation Polyshield V6 armouring technology uses advanced composite materials and techniques that reduce the weight of armour for aircraft and helicopters by approximately 40% compared to standard armouring solutions.

Also, keeping the multi role operations and survivability of utility and assault helicopters in consideration, MKU also designs helicopter armour kits using the proprietary 'Modular Schutz Technik', which uses precision VISIT engineered composite armour panels along with patented aerograde attachment systems. These kits are installed in the existing structure of the helicopter, and does not require making any structural changes or tampering with the aerodynamics of the helicopter. Hence, re-certification of the aircraft for airworthiness does not become an obligation. MKU’s advanced protection solutions ultimately lead to:

• Improvement in radius of action, • Enhanced climb performance, • Improved engine performance, • Higher hovering ceiling,

AT C-1.14A

• And most importantly, more soldiers to ferry With such advanced protection solutions, MKU is the perfect solution provider for aircraft/helicopter armouring as it minimizes weight and maximizes the possibilities.





lbit Systems is presenting its holistic approach for winged aircraft protection solutions, intelligence gathering and training and simulation solutions. The operational systems being presented at the exhibit are interconnected with training systems, allowing enhanced readiness of all aircrew as well as mission review. The following are highlighted in Elbit Systems' booth: Training & Simulation SkyBreakerTM - Elbit Systems’

Mission Training Centre (MTC) is a networked multicockpit, mission oriented training centre supporting many aircraft types. SkyBreaker provides realistic simulated battlefield training using all aircraft systems and mission scenarios to enhance all levels of pilot training. A world leader in field-proven training and simulation solutions, Elbit Systems developed SkyBreaker to save ac-

tual flight hours by presenting aircrews with high-fidelity, simulator-based training. The SkyBreaker facility houses a complex networked system designed to provide an entire

squadron with the tools to practice modern air combat using SkyScen™, a sophisticated computer generated forces (CGF) solution, in a fully integrated military setting. TARGO™ - A sophisticated Helmet Mounted System (HMS) technology that transmits aircraft avionics to the pilot’s helmet, Targo represents a new generation of aviator capabilities for intense flying environments. The Targo solution enables pilots to plan, rehearse, fly and debrief using their personal helmets, providing them with increased situational awareness, safety levels and operational abilities. Targo is available in a stand-alone configuration or fully integrated with the aircraft’s avionics, including the Embedded Virtual Avionics (EVA™) training solution. Targo is ready to fly, fully standalone, requires zero-integration conf iguration and can be tailored to customer requirements. Targo provides a highly-effective solution for commercial and military platforms, including fighter aircraft, air lifters, transport and trainer aircraft, as well as emergency services and general commercial aviation fixed-


Winged Aircraft Solutions HPS - Helmet Pointing System

The HPS features enhanced situational awareness including day & night colour symbology and innovative line-ofsight technology. It is a proven

solution for utility, multi-role, combat and maritime helicopters, operating on over 7,000 helicopters world-wide. The system allows aroundthe-clock mission solutions, improves flight safety, enhances situational awareness, increases survivability and improves crew coordination. HPS offers intuitive colour 3D conformal symbology that superimposes mission symbols onto the outer world scenery. This allows sorties to be carried out in degraded visual environment (DVE) conditions, when outside-cockpit vision is limited by bad weather, sandstorms, sea spray, brown outs or white outs. ALL-in-SMALL™ - Complete Airborne Self-Protection Suite A cutting-edge, integrated Electronic Warfare (EW) suite in a



aini Group Products and Capabilities Display at Aero India 2017 will witness the diverse portfolio of the 43-year old Maini Group through its three Group Companies - Maini Precision Products Ltd, Maini Materials Movement Pvt Ltd, Armes Maini Pvt Ltd.

The diverse range covers: a. Build-to-Print onestop shop for manufacturing offerings in the three aerospace verticals of aero-engines, aircraft systems and airframe; b. Specialized Battery operated and Mechanical Ground Support Equipment for in-plant movement, Tarmac operations and personnel movement platforms; c. Complete warehousing and storage/retrieval systems for aviation and aerospace stores. The Aerospace Division of Maini Precision Products Limited (MPP) offers not only manufactured products but also end-to-end solutions as it supports major OEM/Tier 1s for high precision machined

wing aircraft and helicopters.

components & sub-assemblies for Aero-Engines, Aircraft-Systems and Structures. MPP-Aero has moved into Manufacture & kitting for Structural, Hydraulic and Mechanical sub-assemblies, using processes like sealant application, riveting etc. It has established a strong ecosystem to offer versatile solutions includ-

ing sourcing raw material across the globe and localization of Forgings & Castings and sub-sourced Special Process applications including EDM. This is strongly backed by the strong foundation of 4 decade plus extensive build-up of very high precision manufacture in non-aerospace segments of Automotive, Industrial and Hydraulics. • Aero-engine products: High precision parts/ castings & forging machining including sub-assemblies for customers like Safran Group, GE Aviation and GE AVIO for major engine programs. • Airframe products: Structural machined parts and subassemblies for customers like Magellan, Marshall for Airbus, Boeing and other programmes. • Aircraft system products: Manufacturing & Kitting of complex parts including sub-assembly and TIG welding for customers like Eaton, Parker, Honeywell, Rockwell Collins, Woodward for various airframers.

VISIT AT A-2.5/A1.2A

single Line Replaceable Unite (LRU), with comprehensive, advanced EW capabilities, ALL-in-SMALL is comprised of an Electronic Warfare Controller (EWC), digital Radar Warning Receiver (RWR), PAWS – IR Missile Warning System, LWS - advanced Laser Warning System and CFD - Chaff/ Flare Dispensing system. The system is extremely small and lightweight and has a modular and open architecture with multiple interface abilities. The suite can be effectively integrated with direct infra-red countermeasure (DIRCM) systems, due to its high range detection and direction finding (DF) accuracy, by operating both in the same wavelength, thus enabling extremely fast hand-over from IR PAWS to DIRCM and enhancing deception probability. ALL-in-SMALL can be provided with the following advanced capabilities: IRCentric™, ESM, multi-spectral threat geo-location and netcentric EW applications. GATR/STAR is a Laser Guidance

Kit installed on 70/80 mm rockets, converting them into metric precision guided weapons. Launched from a variety of platforms, STAR/GATR successfully engages soft or lightly armoured, stationary or moving targets.

LIZARD™ is a family of modular guidance kits offering the option of Laser-Seeker

(LIZARD2 and LIZARD3) or dual mode (GPS/INS and Laser, LIZARD4) guidance. By converting general purpose bombs into smart munitions, Lizard increases the capability to counter any stationary or moving target, day and night, in all weather conditions. EMA 66 BD BR-Air to Ground Rocket-70mm are double based solid

propellant rockets, aerodynamically stabilized by three wrap-around retractable fins for use in tactical and training operations against surface targets, able to be launched from helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft. EMA 66 BD BR has greater thrust and rotation, giving it better stability and precision in the trajectory.

EMA 40 BD BR- 70mm Air to Ground Rocket are similar to

the MK 40. The rockets are double based solid propellant rockets, aerodynamically stabilized by four fins, for use in tactical and training operations against surface targets. The stability in fight is maintained by a spin movement induce by means of the divergent conception of its nozzles, that provides a rotation of approximately 20 RPS. Rocket Launcher LA 707 is developed to be used with 70 mm rockets (MK 40, MK 66 and similar) and is available for use with fixed (LA 707A) and rotary wing (LA 707H) aircraft. The launcher is light weight, with easy maintenance coupled with high reliability operation. The LA 707 Rocket Launcher can be used in any aircraft fire control system using 5-pin connectors.

Air Tractor- Aerial Application Aircraft


ir Tractor is the world’s Leader in aerial agriculture application aircraft today. It is a single engine aircraft used in several applications such as agricultural, fire fighting, fuel hauling, cargo transport and even military surveillance use. It is currently manufactured in five different sizes. These are the 400, 500, 600, 800 and 820 gallon series of aircraft. This refers to the capacity of the load space which is known as the “hopper”. The hopper is a fiberglass tank that fits into the

airframe between the engine and cockpit and directly over where the wings are joined to the main fuselage. Aerial Application Aircraft, primary functions:  Agricultural spraying (Fertilisation, Pest Control, Plant Protection)  Fire fighting (forest fires rescue)  Fuel transportation (fuel supply)  Amphibious (Oil spill rescue & Fire)  Surveillance (Military)





The Su-30MK multi-role combat aircraft epitomises superior qualities of the famous Sukhoi-family combat aircraft and is produced by the Irkut Corporation – a UAC subsidiary. It is capable of carrying out a wide gamut of combat missions at a far-off dis-

tance from home airfield, by day and night, in any weather conditions, under enemy electronic countermeasures and counter-fire. The Su-30MK supermanoeuvrable two-seater features enhanced capabilities to engage aerial threats (cruise missiles inclusive), as well as ground and sea-surface targets by air-to-air and air-to-surface guided and unguided weapons. The Su-30MK is designed to carry out all kinds of combat missions:  Air-to-Air (gaining of air dominance, protec-

tion of friendly troops and installations from air strikes, escorting of friendly aircraft),  Air-to-Ground (air interdiction, close air support, engagement of enemy troops and installations in the deep rear),  Air-to-Surface (engagement of enemy ships). Additionally, the Su-30MK can perform ECCM and early warning tasks, as well as exercise commandand-control over a group of aerial combat assets performing joint mission. Due to duplicated flight control system, it can be also employed for realistic flight and combat training. With diversified weaponry mix and up-to-date avionics suite installed, the Su- 30MK is able to destroy multiple aerial threats (including those with low RCS) in dogfight and pre-emptive long-range engagements, as well as to hit ground/ sea-surface targets with guided/unguided weapons at tactical/operational depth. The Su-30MK overall combat load totalling 8000 kg is mounted on twelve hard points.



The MiG-29K and MiG29KUB multirole carrierbased fighters are developed and serially produced by JSC RAC MiG, a subsidiary of the United Aircraft Corporation. The single seat MiG-29K and the double seat MiG-29KUB are

fully unified in their avionics installation and frame construction. Both of these fourth generation fighters feature improved airframes with a high percentage of composite materials, fly-bywire control systems with quadruple redundancy, a significantly reduced radar footprint, an increased weapons load and internal fuel capacity, as well as open avionics architecture. The MiG-29K/KUB is equipped with multi-role, multi-mode "pulse-Doppler" type "Zhuk-ME" radar,

ARVIND WALIA, Regional Executive-India & South Asia, Sikorsky

as well as multi-channel IRST with a target designation system for the anti-radar passive warhead missiles. The weapons system includes air-to-air and airto-surface missiles, guided aerial bombs, rockets, aerial bombs and built-in 30mm calibre air-gun. In 2012 JSC RAC MiG successfully executed the first contract for the delivery of MiG-29K/ KUB fighters to the Indian Ministry of Defence. The aircraft have already been put into service and are now in successful operation by the Indian Navy. Currently additional aircraft under an option to this contract are delivered to the Customer. Deliveries should be completed in 2016. In February 2012, the Russian Navy signed a contract for a large number of MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB aircraft to be delivered. Deliveries are on going, the contract is in its final stage. MiG-35/35D

The MiG-35 and MiG-35D fourth generation multirole fighters are developed on the basis of the MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB fighters by

JSC RAC MiG, a part of the United Aircraft Corporation. The single seat MiG-35 and the double seat MiG35D are fully unified in their avionics equipment and frame construction. The MiG-35/MiG-35D fighters have passed severe environment as well as combat firing tests. The

tests demonstrated and proved all of the aircraft’s stated characteristics. The aircraft are equipped with a new-generation multirole “ZhukAE” radar with an active phased array. The built-in and podded IRST systems of the MiG-35/MiG-35D fighters provide for air-toair and air-to-surface operations in day and night conditions within line-of-sight and beyond. The fighters feature a strong defence system and can carry a growing range of weapons.



“Sikorsky’s S-92 helicopter currently serves as Head of State transport for 10 nations. The aircraft is renowned for its power, endurance and speed, low noise and vibration, a large stand-up cabin, and a strong record of safe and reliable flight. We would be honoured to offer this proven aircraft to meet India's Head of State requirement needs”


ast year was a remarkable year for MH-60R helicopter deliveries from Lockheed Martin. Denmark was the first European nation to join a global fleet of MH-60R aircraft. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) received their 24th and final MH-60R helicopter. And finally, in December 2015, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia became the third Foreign Military Sales (FMS) procurement for 10 MH-60R Seahawk helicopters, following the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Danish Air Force. The Danish aircraft are configured for search and rescue or anti-surface warfare operations, including defending Danish interests in the North Atlantic, executing anti-piracy operations, and conducting other missions during international deployments. The first four aircraft are currently in Denmark. Two aircraft are in the Lockheed Martin's Owego, New York production hanger being fitted with their mission equipment. Danish Defence signed a Letter of Agreement in 2012 to procure nine MH-60R Seahawk helicopters through the U.S. FMS program to replace its fleet of British Lynx helicopters. The ninth MH60R Seahawk aircraft will be

delivered in 2018. In late 2016 the RAN’s MH-60R deployed for the first time on board the frigate HMAS Perth to the Middle East as part of Operation Manitou. The Commonwealth of Australia chose the MH-60R “Romeo” helicopter in June 2011 to fulfil the Australian Defence Force’s requirement for a fleet of 24 new-generation, multi-role naval combat aircraft. The program was on time and on budget with all 24 MH-60 Romeos in country - a feat which saw the program win Australia’s Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group “Project of the Year” award in 2015. Lockheed Martin has delivered more than 225 aircraft to the U.S. Navy on schedule, or ahead of schedule. The U.S. Navy has flown more than 400,000 hours operating the MH-60R and it is deployed globally with a growing number of international navies including Australia, Denmark, and most recently, Saudi Arabia. The MH-60R’s highly integrated suite of weapons and sensors enhances situational aware-

ness, expands the operational area of influence and elevates operators and commanders’ warfighting decision making ability. The MH-60R “Romeo” Seahawk helicopter is deployed as the primary U.S. Navy anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare system for open-ocean and littoral zones. U.S. naval forces have found the Romeo platform to be an operationally effective

and reliable first responder for all missions and contingencies encountered at sea around the world. In addition to its primary mission of anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare, the MH-60R Seahawk aircraft performs search and rescue, troop transport, medical evacuation, ship-toship replenishment, and humanitarian relief operations.

(An Autonomous Society of DRDO)







DEFENCE Displaying the might at

Aero India 2017 14


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Yelahanka, Bengaluru

Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), Ministry of Defence Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), An Automonous Society of DRDO




he Indian offset story has belied the initial promise of unlocking the potential of the Indian manufacturing industry and contributing in a meaningful way to its economic growth. There have been several attempts to improve the situation through legislative reforms, policy overhauls, aggressive outreach and a willingness to hit the reset button. The success of these measures has been middling at best. The Indian civil aviation and defence aerospace sector defines the Indian offset story. The protracted delays in conclusion of negotiations in the Rafale deal, especially on the indigenization aspect, is a reminder of the gulf between expectations and reality. The expectations from the Original Equipment Manufacturer (“OEM”) industry is driven on the assumption that technologies which have been developed over decades will be transferred to the Indian industry to develop domestic capability without allowing a majority ownership to the OEM in the process. Though there is realization of this skewed expectation within the government, not enough has been done to invoke investor and [industry confidence. To convert a few strategic investment proposals, the government needs to communicate an unambiguous position on several issues, which have

not only delayed large investment proposals but have also been responsible for holding back several smaller investments which are the bedrock for developing critical technologies within the sector. In some respects, the smaller investment proposals are more critical in developing the sector since they can be cleared expeditiously and can generate investor confidence rather quickly. The first issue which needs to be clarified is the meaning of Indian vendor under the Defence Procurement Procedures 2016. The existing definition can be interpreted to include wholly owned Indian subsidiaries of foreign entities within its ambit as Indian vendors, however the historical baggage of a conservative interpretation still has not given the industry the comfort that either subsidiaries or joint ventures with majority foreign ownership would qualify as Indian vendors. Considering that the governance of offsets have been moved under the Ministry of Commerce, the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (“DIPP”) through a circular can easily put the issue to rest. This circular should also clarify the governmental position on indigenous content and the meaning of Indian Offset Partner. The second priority for consideration should be the development of human capi-

tal. The Indian aeronautical engineering curriculum is universally considered to be below par and outdated. Several OEMs have taken the initiative of partnering with engineering institutes to help update their curriculums. In some ways, creation of competent human capital is significantly more important compared to addressing the investment issues. The investment issues can be solved through a bureaucratic procedure but the creation of human capital would require a long term continuous commitment from the stakeholders. (Irrespective of the lack of any substantial available) incentives, OEMs such as Boeing and Rolls Royce have taken the lead and are actively involved with engineering institutions to ensure access to competent resources. The government needs to acknowledge this and should consider permitting investments in educational initiatives and provide a multiplier effect, like the ones already provided for investments in medium and small sized industry segment. The third aspect which needs to be addressed is the reduction in the procedural legwork required at present. Currently, any export of military grade equipment requires clearances first, from the Ministry of Defence and thereafter from the office of the Director General Foreign Trade (DGFT), which is a functionary of the

“Kalyani Group has always been the flag bearer of Make in India” COL. RAJINDER BHATIA President & CEO Defence & Aerospace Kalyani Group


alyani Group has always been the flag bearer of ‘Make in India’. Our complete range of Artillery guns are the perfect example of indigenously designed, developed and manufactured products. Garuda 105, a light weight field gun was successfully test fired in November 2016. Advanced Towed Artillery Gun system, a 155mm/52 cla gun systems developed by Kalyani Group under order for DRDO was also successfully fired in December 2016. We have also developed the 155mm/30 cal UltraLight Howitzer and are participating in various other ongoing gun programs of the Indian Amy like Upgunning of 155/39mm gun to 155/45 cal. Kalyani Group also has a complete range of ‘Make in India’ Protective Vehicles. Similarly, our product portfolio in armoured vehicles component space and ammunition, which we regularly supply to OFBs follow the MII path.

On Prioritisation • Long Cycle time for acquisition. The acquisition cycle from approving the acceptance of necessity (AON) to actual commencement of production varies from 5-7 years. So merely approving a program or according AON will not lead to any activity at the ground level. • Policy enablers. Most of the policy enablers have now been put in place but there is still a gap between intent (policy) and action (operationalization). A number of good policy initiatives have still not got fully operationalized. • Expedite ongoing procurement cases. The fastest way to see ground level action would be to hasten the programs that have completed most of the evaluation process, in all categories – Buy (Indian), Buy & Make (Indian), Buy (Global)/Buy & Make Acquisition cases.

Ministry of Commerce. Any delays in the grant of the permission by the Ministry of Defence would create a snowball effect in terms of timing. The increased co-operation between the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Defence, as joint regulators of offsets is a big step in this direction and the streamlining of the permission process for exports is the next logical step which should be considered. Though this a matter of detail and would not find mention in advocacy papers and high level conversations, but is exactly the kind of step which would introduce systemic efficiencies and be a step in increasing the ease of doing business. There have been several instances where permissions to export have been delayed resulting in consequential loss to companies. With the naval utility helicopter and MMRCA programs around the corner, the issue of streamlining export procedures needs to be closely evaluated if India wants to become an export powerhouse. Historically, the Indian fiscal administration has always looked at subsidies as a tool for incentivizing and encouraging a sector. The boom in the electricity sector, the immense interest in renewable energy and the wider infrastructure sector are all examples that efficiently-managed subsidies and incentives help capital intensive sectors to

find their feet. The aerospace & civil aviation industry also needs to be treated the same way. The industry does not need blanket subsidies, since they create issues in broader fiscal management but providing marginally lower rates of corporate tax, removal of transaction taxes from the entire export chain and making capital available as a priority sector would make it easier for aerospace companies to find their feet and not be overburdened. It is imperative that the struggle for survival as faced by the Indian shipyards is not mirrored within the aerospace sector. The vision to convert India into a manufacturing and export hub is ambitious and will have a prodigious impact on the international perception of the country and its ability to build strong aerospace manufacturing capability. To achieve this goal, the sector needs to be looked favourably through various lenses and a holistic approach which addresses investment, human capital and operational issues is needed. A few steps have been made but the journey is still a thousand steps. Here’s hoping that the Aero Expo witnesses a few announcements which prove the commitment of the government. — Kabir Bogra Associate Partner Khaitan & Co.

“Our solution sets address key areas of interest to India and provide proven defense and security capabilities across land, sea and air domains”

VINCE LOGSDON Vice President Business Development Textron Systems Your key products/technologies which can be part of the Make In India programme. We are glad to consider the ‘Made in India’ approach within any of our product lines, as long as it makes sense for both the Indian and American teaming partners. Your initiatives in supporting India's Aerospace & Defence sector. India is an important market for us. We maintain ongoing communications with government, armed forces and security agency customers and prospects to share information on our solutions and services capabilities, and we have responded to several requests for information along those lines. As the Indian government sets priorities

for acquisition activities in key areas, Textron Systems stands ready to respond and provide support as requirements are established and funded. Your advice on prioritisation. Textron Systems is committed to continuing to engage with the Indian government, together with its military and security agencies to further develop our participation in this country. Our solution sets address key areas of interest to India and provide proven defense and security capabilities across land, sea and air domains. These are powerful force multipliers to meet both near-term and long-term requirements. We are hopeful we will witness progress in our participation over the coming months and years.

Aero india 2017 Show daily, Day 1  
Aero india 2017 Show daily, Day 1